The Progressive Rancher Feb 2020

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IN THIS ISSUE

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www.progressiverancher.com "They Don’t Produce Income If They Don’t Reproduce" - Full Session Recap of 21st Annual Utah Beef Cattle Field Day A Field Guide for Collecting Native Seeds In Nevada Conservation Easement Articles Differences Between High-, Mediumand Low-Profit Cow-Calf Producers Hard Copy Issues of this magazine are now only available in Nevada, Utah, California, Idaho, Oregon & Washington, D.C. so keep up with issues FREE at our website and on Facebook

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3 Riding for the NCA Brand From the NCA President 4 Fallon All Breed Bull Sale 7 UNR Extension: UNR Teaches Nutrition to American Indican & Rural Kindergarten Students 7 BLM Seeks RAC Nominations 8 Snyder Bulls for the 21st Century Annual Bull Sale 10 Nevada Cattlemen's Association: Happenings & Two NCA Scholarship Opportunities 12 NBC Checkoff News - What's the Deal with Meat Alternatives? 13 NBC Recipe 14 In the Mind of a Millennial Eat Your Heart Out 16 Eye on the Outside The Beef Checkoff 18 Let's Talk AG Editorial by Staci Emm 18 Nevada CattleWomen: New President's Statement

18 Interview with Kathy DeForest 23 UNR - Free Discover Science Lecture by Author William Tate 24 SRM - Recruitment of Antelope Bitterbrush Following Wildfire 28 Nevada Farm Bureau - State's Latest Greenhouse Gas Report 30 Nevada Farm Bureau 101st Annual AFBF Meeting 33 NNRC to Increase Awareness of Wildfire on Ranching in 2020 33 IWJV - Ranch Decision Making 35 BCI - Balancing Calving Ease Priorities in Heifer Mating 36 Churchill County Cowbelles Annual Bull Sale Dinner & Dance | Tri Tip Recipes 38 Snyder's Pinenut Livestock Vaccination Clinic with Grange 44 10th Annual Western States Ranch Rodeo Association National Finals Results 46 Nevada Farm Bureau News

The Progressive Rancher Owner/Editor/Publisher – Leana Litten Carey progressiverancher@elko.net Graphic Design/Layout – www.AllegraReno.com

Cover Credit: Chez Dante 652D, new Sire from Bell Ranch

You are invited to COWBOY CHURCH Bible Study Fri @ 9 am 4275 Solias Rd Fallon, NV

You are invited to COWBOY CHURCH Sunday @ 11am services Bible Study Wed @ 6 pm

Published 8 times a year. Viewable at www.progressiverancher.com Readership reaches more than 30,000. The views and opinions expressed by writers of articles appearing in this publication are not necessarily those of the editor. Letters of opinion are welcome. Advertising rates available upon request. Advertising does not imply editorial endorsement. Liability for errors or omissions in advertisements shall not exceed the cost of the space occupied by the error or omission. © The Progressive Rancher Magazine. All rights reserved.

Leana Litten Carey, Owner/Editor

Are you having a Rodeo or Livestock event? GIVE US A CALL.

1951 W Williams Ave # 432 • Fallon, Nevada 89406 (208) 358-2487 • progressiverancher@elko.net

We would love to come to your event or ranch and host Cowboy Church for you.

Harmony Ranch Ministry 3767 Keyes Way  Fallon, NV 89406

Tom J. Gonzalez | Diana J. Gonzalez, Pastor

threecrossls@cccomm.net

2 FEBRUARY 2020

(775) 240-8870 Cell (775) 867-3100

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From the desk of your NCA president By Tom Barnes, President, Nevada Cattlemen's Association “ You can’t just be a cowboy if you want to run a ranch anymore.” Never were truer words spoken describing the current state of our livestock industry. These were the words of a younger rancher from northern Elko County that I had the opportunity to visit with during the Cattleman’s Update in Elko last month.

January was very busy with meetings to discuss sage grouse, Lahontan cutthroat trout issues, water rights and the Nevada Department of Agriculture. While attending such meetings, I continue to realize how important it is to be informed and engaged on issues.

can also be detrimental to your operation. Rest assured, your NCA leadership is engaged and we will do our best to keep all of you informed as the issue landscape changes. But investing the time to truly understand the issues that directly impact your individual operations is paramount to being able to defend ourselves and our unique situations. The more invested we all are in our futures, the stronger we will be as an industry. Public land issues are extremely important to most Nevada ranches but there are also a lot of other issues vital to the success of our businesses.

of importance to our attention. They had great presenters with quality and timely material. In order to run a successful ranch we have to be informed and knowledgeable on a wide range of subjects from public land issues to production management to building consumer confidence and we need to understand the economy that we are operating within. My young friend was absolutely correct, but I’m going to add that if you can run a successful ranch, you can still be a cowboy.

Going to meetings is time consuming and we all I want to compliment the CABNR team that put have more pressing things to be done at home, but together this year’s Cattleman’s Update. They did not attending and being engaged and informed a great job of bringing many of these other topics

Ranch properties now available Cory Ranch Starr Valley

PENDING

1110 acres with over 400 with Surface water rights. On paved State Route approximately 35 minutes out of Elko and 15 minutes West Of Wells. Borders Forest. Great Ranch priced to sell at $1,499,000.

Antelope Peak Ranch

PENDING

5,300 deeded w/ BLM permit attached. 5 center pivots irrigating approx. 583 acres plus another 28 acres with surface water rights out of large spring. Three homes plus shop and other outbuildings. 1 land owner Elk Tag. Offered at $3,600,000.

Elko Area River Property with Water Rights

650 deeded acres of which approximately 300 acres have surface water rights out of the Humboldt. May work well for mitigation of environmental and water issues. Access at the Ryndon Exit. Price: $950,000.

Flat Nose Ranch East Side

This ranch is just outside of Pioche, Nevada approximately 2 hours north of Las Vegas. 700+ Acres with approx. 495 acres water righted with surface and underground water rights. Ranch has been getting 1-6 landowner Mule Deer tags each year. Price: $2,700,000

For additional information on these properties, go to: BOTTARIREALTY.COM

Paul D. Bottari, Broker paul@bottarirealty.com

1222 6th St. PO Box 368 Wells, NV 89835

www.progressiverancher.com

Work: 775.752.3040

Home: 775.752.3809 Fax: 775.752.3021 The Progressive Rancher

FEBRUARY 2020 3


4 FEBRUARY 2020

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Special Feeder Sales

February 11 March 10 April 14

NCA Fallon Bull Sale

February 15

For info about our Team Roping, please visit FallonLivestock.com

LOOK FOR US AT THESE SALES Fallon All Breeds Bull Sale Fallon Livestock Exchange Fallon, NV February 15 Snyder Livestock Bulls for the 21st Century Synder Livestock Facilities Yerington, NV March 7 & 8 Midland Bull Test

Midland Bull Test Center Columbus, MT April 2 & 3

www.progressiverancher.com

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FEBRUARY 2020 5


THE FIRST SONS FIRST SONS OFOF ” DANTE SELL AT SNYDERS! SELL AT SNYDERS! 7 sons of Chez Dante 652D ET sell! “

Dante is a trait leader for CED, Birth Weight, Calving Ease Maternal, Teat Size, Marbeling, $BMI, $BII & $CHB

Chez Dante 652D ET sell! CHEZ DANTE 652 ET

CED 9.2 a trait leader for CED, Birth Weight, Reg # 43603037 BW1/1/15-.5 DOB: ernal, Teat Size, Marbeling, $BMI, $BII WW & 52 THE FIRST SONS OF$CHB YW 83 CEM 7.0 M&G 47 REA .37 CED MB 9.2.21 Reg # 43603037 $BMI 360 BW1/1/15 -.5 DOB: $CHB 113

” DANTE CHEZ DANTESELL 652 ETAT SNYDERS!

7 sons of Chez Dante 652D ET sell! Dante is a trait leader forXCED, Weight, WW 52 4R REG # P43741272 • R LEADER 6964 MSUBirth TCF REVOLUTION

8 BULLS Consigned tole Fallon Bull Sa0 Feb 15 202

Calving Ease Maternal, Teat Size, Marbeling, $BII & $CHB YW $BMI,83

Also offering 3 sons of Churchhill Kickstart 501C ET CEM370 ET 7.0 & 2 sons of CRR 100W Trust CHEZ DANTE 652 ET M&GReg #CED 47 9.2 43603037 BW -.5 LILLA & WOODIE BELL REA • DAN &DOB: THERESA .37 1/1/15BELL (775) 578-3536 • 775 304 2157 WW 52 8 Bulls Consigned .21NV 89426 BELLRANCHES@GMAIL.COM • POMB BOX 48, PARADISE, YW 83 to Fallon Bull$BMI Sale 360 7.0 CEM More than 60 years in15, the Hereford breed! February 2020 $CHB M&G 113 47 Like us on Facebook at Bell Ranch Herefords REA .37

BW -.7 BW -.7

WW YW MK MB 68 119 30 .56 WW YW MK MB 68 119 30 .56

RE .55 RE .55

CW .50 CW .50

$M 49 $M 49

$W 68 $W 68

$G 46 $G 46

$F 102 $F 102

$B 148 $B 148

MB 4R .21 2 • R LEADER 6964 X MSU TCF REVOLUTION $BMI $CHB

360 113

3 sons of Churchhill Kickstart 501C ET REG # P43741272 • R LEADER 6964 X MSU TCF REVOLUTION 4R onsAlso ofoffering CRR 100W Trust 370Kickstart ET 501C ET 3 sons of Churchhill & 2 sons of CRR 100W Trust 370 ET LILLA & WOODIE BELL • DAN & THERESA BELL

LILLA & WOODIE BELL • DAN & THERESA BELL (775) 578-3536 • 775 304 2157 (775) 578-3536 • 775 304 2157

BELLRANCHES@GMAIL.COM • PO BOX 48,• PO PARADISE, NV 89426 BELLRANCHES@GMAIL.COM BOX 48, PARADISE, NV 89426

More than 60 years in the Hereford breed! 60 years the Hereford breed! Likein us on Facebook at Bell Ranch Herefords

s on Facebook at Bell Ranch Herefords  6 FEBRUARY 2020

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UNR Teaches Nutrition to Rural Kindergarteners Paper published about research & impact on student health knowledge

Young children living on American Indian reservations, and children living in rural areas adjacent to them, often have limited access to nutritious fruits and vegetables, as well as to nutrition education. Professor Staci Emm and colleagues at UNR Extension have been conducting the Veggies for Kids Program to address the issue, and have just published a paper on the program and its successful results in an article in the Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development, in the Indigenous Food Sovereignty issue. Emm has been the Extension educator in Mineral County for over 15 years, working to link the University with county residents and members of Nevada tribes. She is the program leader for Veggies for Kids, an inschool program that teaches students how to grow their own vegetables and increase physical activity and water intake. The program also uses tribal language to introduce and increase the appreciation and use of healthy traditional Native American and Hispanic foods.

“We have worked really hard as a team to create the Veggies for Kids Program, and it is very exciting to be able to publish the successes of this program,” said Emm. “We hope schools, tribes and nonprofits in the United States will use the concepts in the curriculum not only to increase vegetable and water intake, but also to increase awareness of traditional food systems and tribal language.”

While conducting the program during the Nevada 2017-18 school year, Emm and instructors collected data from 45 American Indian kindergartners attending reservation schools and 486 students attending off-reservation rural schools. Their journal article, “Increasing Fruit and Vegetable Intake with Reservation and Off-Reservation Students in Nevada,” details the results of their research. They found an increase in the number of students who were able to name fruits and vegetables and identify food groups on the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s MyPlate. In addition, students who participated in the Veggies for Kids Program became more physically active. American Indian kindergartners received additional focus in the program and research due to impacts the establishment of reservations had on limiting hunting and gathering activities and decreasing access to traditional foods. The Veggies for Kids Program will continue working with reservations and rural communities, helping to educate students and school staff on nutrition, health and food safety. Future goals include integrating this information, especially about traditional food, into schools and stores and creating an early childhood curriculum more focused on traditional tribal foods. The Veggies for Kids Program was supported by the USDA Supplemental Nutrition Assistance ProgramEducation (SNAP-Ed), Indian Land Tenure Foundation, and the Native American Agriculture Fund. Emm’s co-authors include Jessica Harris, Judy Halterman, Sarah Chvilicek and Carol Bishop.

BLM Seeks Nominations to Resource Advisory Councils Bureau seeks broad spectrum of nominees to help improve public land management nationwide BLM is seeking public nominations for positions on 27 Resource Advisory Councils (RACs) nationwide. These citizen-based committees develop recommendations that address public land management issues.

BLM Idaho has four Resource Advisory Councils, which are formally chartered under the Federal Advisory Committee Act and the Federal Land Policy and Management Act. Each RAC consists of 10 to 15 members from diverse interests in local communities, and they develop recommendations that address public land management issues. BLM Idaho’s RACs assist the Boise, Twin Falls, Idaho Falls and Coeur d’Alene Districts. All BLM Idaho RACs have positions open and anticipate potential additional future vacancies.

“Resource Advisory Councils provide the BLM with vital ideas and input on current issues, concerns, and proposals, and enable us to engage local communities and stakeholders to improve our management of public lands,” said John F. Ruhs, BLM Idaho State Director. “RACs offer individuals www.progressiverancher.com

who are interested in and care about public lands an opportunity to learn more about how BLM manages them and to meet, get to know, and interact with other members of their communities with different perspectives.”

The BLM maintains chartered advisory councils as a means of gaining expert advice, ideas,and diverse opinions on issues including land use planning, fire management, offhighway vehicle use, recreation, oil and gas exploration, noxious weed management, grazing issues, and wild horse and burro herd management issues. The councils support the Bureau's commitment to building a shared conservation stewardship legacy in the communities it serves. Individuals may nominate themselves or others to serve on a RAC. Nominees, who must be residents of the state or states where the RAC has jurisdiction, will be reviewed based on their training, education, and knowledge of the RAC’s geographic area. Nominees should also demonstrate a commitment to consensus building and

collaborative decision-making. Letters of reference must accompany all nominations from any represented interests or organizations, a completed RAC application, and any other information that speaks to the nominee’s qualifications. As published in the notice in the Federal Register, the BLM will consider nominations for 45 days, until February 24, 2020. Each of BLM Idaho’s four RACs has positions open in the following categories:

Category One – Representatives of organizations associated with energy/ mineral development; federal grazing permit holders; the timber industry; transportation or rights-of-way; off-highway vehicle users; and commercial and developed outdoor recreation. Category Two – Representatives of archeological and historic organizations; dispersed recreation users; wild horse and burro organizations; and nationally or regionally-recognized environmental organizations.

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Category Three – Representatives of state, county, or local elected office; Indian tribes located within or adjacent to the area for which the RAC is organized; academicians employed in natural resource management or natural sciences; employees of a state agency responsible for management of natural resources; and the public at large. For more information, please contact the following BLM Idaho RAC coordinators:

Boise District Mike Williamson, 208-384-3393 Coeur d’Alene District Suzanne Endsley, 208-769-5004 Idaho Falls District Bruce Hallman, 208-524-7550 Twin Falls District Heather Tiel-Nelson, 208-736-2352 Idaho State RAC Coordinator MJ Byrne, 208-373-4006 FEBRUARY 2020 7


BU

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Bull Sale

OR T F S L

CENTURY

Sunday, March 8, 2020

Seminar & Social - Saturday March 7, 2020

They told you their mineral program was the best... but don’t they all say that? Our panel of experts, moderated by Davy Stix, will discuss methods ranchers can use to differentiate between science and voodoo minerals.

Dr. Brad Johnson Gordon W. Davis Regent’s Chair in Meat Science and Muscle Biology at Texas Tech University.

Tom A. Portillo DVM

Manager of Animal Health and Wellbeing at Friona Industries.

Monty S. Kerley PhD Professor Emeritus of Animal Sciences at University of Missouri (2017).

Davy Stix

Former President of the Nevada Cattlemen’s Association. Current Chairman of the NCA Legislative Affairs Committee.

DR. BRAD JOHNSON PRESENTATION REGARDING PLANT-BASED AND LAB GROWN “FAKE MEAT.”

FUNDED IN PART BY GRANTS FROM THE YERINGTON AND LYON COUNTY ROOM TAX BOARDS

8 FEBRUARY 2020

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9 Flying rj ranch angus bulls sell March 8 at snyder livestock

2 Calving-Ease angus and 2 lim-Flex Bulls sell sun., march 8, at snyders’ Bulls for the 21st Century

RJR SunRiSe DiScoveRy 819 lot 0018 • AAA 19261626

Sire: VAR Discovery 6414 • MGS: GAR Sunrise • BW 62 • WW 603 • YW 1,237

Sheridan, Ca

819 ranks in the top 15% or Better for these EPDs: WW, YW, YH, DoC, MA, RE, $W, $G

Tom EasTErly: 530-633-0622

CED +6

ID 0001 ERRL FLINT CITATION

BW +2.5

WW +72

YW +124

MILK +24

MA +.88

RE +.87

$W +72

$G +76

$B +152

RJR SPeciAL DiScoveRy 804 lot 0012 • AAA *19211301

DOB 8-8-2018 ANgus REgIsTRATION 19230629 sire: K C F Bennett Citation • Dam’s Sire: Deer Valley All In BW +1.7 WW +61 YW +105 MILK +24 CW +35 THD MARB +.92 RE +.55 $W +65 $F +70 $B +135 ©

Sire: VAR Discovery 6414 • MGS: Deer Valley All In • BW 68 • WW 628 • YW 1,306

804 ranks in the top 25% or better for: CED, BW, WW, YW, RADG, SC, HP, DoC, CEM, $W, $B CED +10

BW -.2

WW +66

YW +125

MILK +24

MA +.52

RE +.68

$W +68

$G +55

$B +146

Final Test Data, Catalog & RFI Reports: www.slcnv.com

9 Outstanding Fall Yearling Red Angus Powerhouses Selling at Synder’s FEATURING SONS OF CRUMP RUNAWAY 5121 & CRUMP MAGNITUDE 5507 CRUMP RUNAWAY 5121

Rick & JeRRie Libby

THD ©

530-218-1841 • rlibby@syix.com

•r(Y(; 1h BESTm

Calving Ease & Low BEPD Genetics•••

RAAA # 3491984

SIRE: CRUMP RUNAWAY 3178 MGS: D A IMAGE MAKER 713

CRUMP MAGNITUDE 5507 RAAA # 3492156

SIRE: BROWN PREMIER X7876 MGS: CRUMP 300 ULTRA MAGNUM Y106

CED

BW

WW

YW

15

-0.2

74

110

CED

BW

WW

YW

16

-3.8

72

124

CEM MARB 9

REA

1.01

.14

CEM MARB

REA

9

.78

.22

THE SAME TYPE, QUALITY AND KIND THAT HAVE DOMINATED THE RED ANGUS DIVISION AT SNYDERS FOR YEARS! ALL TROTTER RED ANGUS BULLS ARE RA50K TESTED!

TROTTER

RED ANGUS www.progressiverancher.com

Breeding Quality Red Angus for the Commercial Market

LANA TROTTER

(661) 330-4617 • lanaj548@gmail.com RT 4 Box 206A • Porterville, CA 93257

"!-loute of BAR t Boof" CALVING EASE AND MATERNAL BULLS

6 BULLS AT SNYDER LIVESTOCK 21st CENTURY BULL SALE MARCH 8, 2020

Cecil Felkins / lone, California 95640 209-274-4338•209-274-2674

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FEBRUARY 2020 9


Nevada Cattlemen's Association Now Awarding TWO Scholarship Opportunities

nca happenings

In the past, the Nevada Cattlemen’s Association (NCA) has annually awarded a $1,000 scholarship to a first-year college student beginning to pursue an education within the agricultural industry. This original NCA Scholarship is open to all Nevada High School graduating seniors planning to attend a Junior or four-year University and majoring in an Ag related field. The amount of this scholarship has been raised this year from $1,000 to $1,500!

By Kaley Sproul Chapin NCA Executive Director The New Year has kicked off to a busy start for the Nevada Cattlemen’s Association (NCA). As you are more than likely aware of, we strive to promote a dynamic and profitable Nevada Beef Industry. One way to achieve that is to support opportunities for education for Nevada producers. Over the past month, there have been opportunities for education. During the second week of January, the University of Nevada, Reno (UNR), hosted the Cattlemen’s Update. This annual update is a weeklong series that goes around the state that includes speakers from different entities. This year’s speakers consisted of professionals from the College of Agriculture Biotechnology and Natural Resources (CABNR) along with the various sponsors. An overview of how bull testing impacts cow efficiency by Leo McDonnell, Owner of Midland Bull Test from Columbus, MT. Bill Dale, with the NV Beef Council, gave an update about Fake Meat and the research being done by the Beef Checkoff. We are very grateful for the University’s efforts with putting on this update. Along with going to the update, the NCA staff and leadership have attended meetings to discuss the conservation credit system, adaptive management, Sage Grouse, Lahontan Cutthroat Trout issues, water rights, and the Nevada Department of Agriculture. For this month, major activities coming up include the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association (NCBA) Cattle Industry Convention in San Antonio, TX on the 5-8th, the NCA Board of Directors Meeting on the 14th in Fallon, NV, and the Annual Fallon All Breeds Bull Sale (FBS) on the 15th. For more information and details on these events, please visit the NCA web page at www.nevadacattlemen.org, as we are continually updating it. If you would like an FBS Catalog, please call our NCA office at 775-738-9214, we will gladly mail you one. Lastly, we thank all of those that work hard each day to protect what is theirs and work for what is not. Over the years, the membership of NCA has changed and now encompasses not only ranchers but interested individuals who care about the industry. We value the continued operation of cattle and sheep ranches, and we will continue to work on protecting the future of ranching that provides open space, wildlife, healthy streams, and viable rural communities. To keep up to date with things happening at the NCA, please contact the office, visit the web page, and like us on Facebook.  10 FEBRUARY 2020

The NCA is now pleased to announce that they are awarding a new “second” scholarship opportunity, which will be targeted toward agricultural students that have completed their first year of college and are returning to continue working towards their degree in agriculture. It is called the Marvel/Andrae Scholarship, and the amount of the scholarship will be announced annually. The 2020 Marvel/Andrae Scholarship amount will be $2,500! The original seed money used to fund the Marvel/Andrae Scholarship came from Agri Beef Company. This scholarship is to recognize the legacies of Tom & Rosita Marvel and Jim & Sharon Andrae, and the many contributions these two Nevada ranching families have made to our ranching industry. Eligibility & application requirements for the NCA Scholarship include: • Applicant must be a senior graduating from a Nevada High School. • Applicant must plan to attend a Community College or a 4-year College or University. • Applicant must be seeking a degree in an agriculturally related field. • Applicant must have a least a 2.5 GPA. A copy of the student’s official transcripts is required. • Applicant must submit a typewritten essay of 1,000 to 1,500 words on any current issue involving the beef industry, including references cited. • Three letters of reference. Eligibility & application requirements for the Marvel/Andrae Scholarship include: • Applicant must plan to attend or be currently attending a Community College or a 4-year College or University. • Applicant must be from Nevada and pursuing a degree in an agricultural-related field. • Applicant must have at least a 2.8 GPA. A copy of the student’s transcripts is required. • Returning students that were previous recipients of the NCA Scholarship will be eligible to apply for the Marvel/Andrae Scholarship. • Applicant should submit a cover letter outlining their background, current studies, and College or University they are currently attending and educational goals. Students and Educators interested in these two great Scholarship opportunities are encouraged to contact the Nevada Cattlemen’s Association. Scholarship application forms can be downloaded from the Nevada Cattlemen’s website at www.nevadacattlemen.org, or applicants can call the NCA office at 775-738-9214 or send a request to nca@nevadabeef.org for a copy. Completed application form and all required information must be postmarked by April 1, 2020 and sent to: Attn: Research & Education Committee, c/o Nevada Cattlemen’s Association, P.O. Box 310, Elko, NV 89803; or submitted by email with the subject line, “2020 NCA Scholarship Applicant (Your Name)” to nca@nevadabeef.org.

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NEW LOCATION: Producer’s Livestock

Vale, Oregon

T

r a c M h , 1 y 9 a , 2020 d s r u h • 1 p.m. MST •

Selling Registered Angus & Hereford Bulls

One of the West’s Premier Selections of Older Bulls

“Where Quality and Performance go Hand in Hand”

Ontario, Oregon

Terry Oft Home: (541) 889-6801 Cell: (208) 741-0824

www.progressiverancher.com

Ontario, Oregon

Jason & Deanne Vallad Home: (541) 889-4562 Cell: (541) 881-7989 valladcattle@gmail.com

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FEBRUARY 2020 11


CHECKOFF NEWS What’s the Deal With Meat Alternatives? Last month, members of the Nevada Beef Council staff joined the University of Nevada Cooperative Extension for its annual Cattlemen’s Update tour. It was great to get back out in the country and see a few faces we have not seen in a while. As part of the tour, our team shared an update on the issue of meat alternatives, including some of the research behind them, and what’s being done to address the issue. After all, there was a lot of hype about this particular issue in 2019, with Burger King becoming one of the latest burger chains in the U.S. to announce it would begin selling a plant-based burger. Announcements such as these caused many to wonder what the impact would be to the beef industry.

greater variety on their menus and their shelves, it causes some to wonder where this trend will lead. As we shared during the tour, when you look at the total market share of these meat alternatives, they don’t stack up to beef. Comparing the market share of beef versus beef substitutes, beef maintains 99.5 percent market share compared to just 0.5 percent for the substitutes.

And when looking at those consumers who are frequently eating meat alternatives, research shows they are still eating a variety of other meat proteins, including a consistent level of beef as the average consumer. In fact, according to checkoff-funded research, 24 percent of consumers report eating meat alternatives weekly or more. Yet among those consumers, 67 percent still eat As the Nevada Beef Council was pleased to share during beef weekly – a number consistent with the average the Cattlemen’s Update tour, the ramifications are not consumer. So while these consumers might be replacing quite what you’d expect given the amount of media other meatless meals with these meat alternatives (i.e., attention you’ve seen given to these products. When instead of having a salad, eating a plant-based burger), it comes down to it, Americans still love their beef, they don’t appear to be replacing their beef meals with meat alternatives. especially burgers. Even with the introduction of new plant-based meat substitutes, beef consumption has been on the rise in recent years, with the USDA predicting that U.S. consumers will have eaten 7.1% in 2019 than in 2015. And this isn’t a new trend – retail beef demand has continued to increase during the past 7 years, with demand up 15 percent since January of 2012. Still, with more restaurants and stores seeming to offer plant-based alternative proteins to give their consumers

By Nevada Beef Council Staff same amount of beef with one-third fewer cattle than they did in 1977 – a fact that is shared through a variety of consumer marketing and education efforts. Beef ’s nutrition is another positive story; the Beef Checkoff and State Beef Councils (SBCs) work with dietitians and physicians regularly to educate them on the health benefits of including beef in an everyday diet. The checkoff-funded Beef. It’s What’s For Dinner. brand serves as a consumer resource dedicated to educating individuals through webinars, seminars, fact sheets, cooking lessons, nutrition research and more on the ways beef contributes to a healthy lifestyle. And the Beef. It’s What’s For Dinner. brand has proven effective in influencing consumers. The checkoff-funded Consumer Beef Tracker shows that when people are aware of the brand, they’re more likely to feel positive about beef and eat beef more often.

The Beef Checkoff has also invested in consumer and market research to determine how consumers think about beef and alternative proteins, as well as where Despite the fact that beef demand and consumption they are spending their protein dollars. This is helpful remain strong, the Beef Checkoff and State Beef Councils is underscoring beef ’s value with our partners in the (SBCs) such as ours are still taking proactive measures to foodservice and retail sectors. For example, a recent study keep beef in the consumer forefront and position it as one found that when beef is part of a consumer’s grocery basket, retailers enjoy a considerable increase in the total of the world’s most desirable proteins. basket’s value. Beef brings in more dollars than any other There’s a lot of good news to share when it comes to beef. protein at retail, and beef drives more total store sales First off, producers are constantly looking for new ways than any other animal or plant-based proteins. On the to produce more beef with fewer resources. In fact, today, foodservice side, 99 percent of foodservice establishments U.S. beef farmers and ranchers are able to produce the report having beef on the menu, which has been shown to increase restaurant traffic by 62% percent. But when all is said and done, it really boils down to focusing on our product’s strengths. Recent consumer research conducted by the checkoff indicates that our consumers aren’t interested in us as an industry denigrating the competition – they’d rather see us focus on the benefits and quality of the product. After all, beef has just one simple ingredient – beef – which packs a nutritional punch in one serving. The Beef Checkoff and SBCs such as the Nevada Beef Council work to leverage resources in the most impactful areas so producers can be confident that consumers are purchasing their superior products. Much is still on the horizon when it comes to alternative proteins, but together, we will continue to identify ways to position beef as the number one protein choice amongst consumers and drive demand for beef. For more information, visit BeefItsWhatsForDinner. com. Sources available upon request.

12 FEBRUARY 2020

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Classic Beef Tenderloin Roast with Cranberry Drizzle By Nevada Beef Council Staff

A delicious beef tenderloin roast served with Brussels sprouts and a tangy cranberry sauce – a perfect combination of flavor and nutrition! This recipe is certified by the American Heart Association®.

INGREDIENTS:

• 1 beef Tenderloin Roast Center-Cut (2 to 3 pounds) • 1 pound yellow onions, peeled, cut into wedges • 2-1/2 pounds Brussels sprouts, trimmed • 1 tablespoon olive oil • 1-1/4 teaspoons salt, divided • 2 tablespoons chopped fresh thyme leaves • 1 tablespoon pepper

Sauce:

• 1/3 cup balsamic vinegar • 3 tablespoons finely chopped shallots • 1 can (16 ounces) whole berry cranberry sauce

Courtesy of Beef. It’s What’s For Dinner.

COOKING INSTRUCTIONS

• Heat oven to 425°F. Combine onions, Brussels sprouts, oil and 1 teaspoon salt on metal baking pan; toss to coat. Set aside. Cook's Tip: Peeled Cipollini or pearl onions may be substituted for yellow onions and omit cutting into wedges. Cipollini onions look and taste like small, flat onions but are actually bulbs of the grape hyacinth. Sometimes referred to as wild onions, they can often be found in the produce department of large supermarkets. To easily peel, place in boiling water 10 to 15 seconds. Remove from water and immediately place in a bowl of ice water. Drain and peel skin. • Combine thyme and pepper in small bowl. Reserve 1 teaspoon thyme mixture for sauce; set aside. Press remaining thyme mixture evenly onto all surfaces of beef Tenderloin Roast. • Place roast on rack in shallow roasting pan. Insert ovenproof-meat thermometer so tip is centered in thickest part of beef. Do not add water or cover. Place prepared vegetables in oven with roast. Roast beef in 425°F oven 35 to 45 minutes for medium rare; 45 to 50 minutes for medium doneness. Roast vegetables 45 to 50 minutes or until tender and lightly browned. To Make The Cranberry Sauce: • To prepare sauce, combine vinegar and shallots in small saucepan; bring to a boil. Reduce heat; simmer 3 minutes. Stir in cranberry sauce; bring to a boil. Reduce heat; simmer 6 minutes to blend flavors, stirring occasionally. Remove from heat; stir in reserved 1 teaspoon thyme mixture and remaining 1/4 teaspoon salt. Keep warm. • Remove roast when meat thermometer registers 135°F for medium rare; 145°F for medium. Transfer roast to carving board; tent loosely with foil. Let stand 15 to 20 minutes. (Temperature will continue to rise about 10° to 15°F to reach 145°F for medium rare; 160°F for medium.) • Carve roast into slices; serve with vegetables and sauce.

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The Progressive Rancher

FEBRUARY 2020 13


In the Mind of a Millennial Eat Your Heart Out By Jill Scofield Director of Producer Relations, California & Nevada Beef Council February is all about the heart. In fact, it’s heart to avoid them right now, whether it’s heart-shaped cards for school Valentine’s parties, conversation heart candies, or a myriad of other heart-shaped candy or paraphernalia to get us through the big day that falls on February 14. But the most important of hearts – the one ticking inside each of us – is also celebrated this month. Yes, in addition to the month of Valentine’s Day, February is also American Heart Month. According to the American Heart Association, American Heart Month is a “federally designated event” that “is an ideal time to remind Americans to focus on their hearts and encourage them to get their families, friends and communities involved.”

In a study published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, researchers found that people who participated in the Beef in an Optimal Lean Diet (BOLD), maintained healthy blood cholesterol levels while consuming a dietary pattern rich in vegetables, fruits, whole grains, nuts and beans, with lean beef as the primary protein source.

nine of those cuts with its Heart-Check program. What this means for those looking specifically for a heart-healthy diet is that these cuts of beef can easily fit into their menus. The beef cuts featuring the AHA HeartCheck include:

• Extra Lean Ground Beef (96% lean, 4% fat) The BOLD diets contained 4-5.4 oz (weights before cooking) of lean beef • Bottom Round Steak (USDA Select every day, while providing less than 7 grade) percent of calories from saturated fat, which is consistent with current fat • Extra Lean Ground Beef 96% Lean intake targets. 4% Fat (with Natural Flavors)

Such research adds to the excellent • Sirloin Tip Steak (USDA Select nutrition profile beef has. After all, just grade) three ounces of cooked lean beef provides ten essential nutrients and about half • Top Sirloin Petite Roast, Boneless the daily value for protein in just 170 (USDA Select grade) calories. That’s a powerful nutritional So there is perhaps no better time to • Top Sirloin Strips (USDA Select punch in such a small package. offer a friendly reminder to all our grade) friends, neighbors and family members What exactly is lean beef? Odds are of all generations that eating for a that a lot of the cuts most people cook • Top Sirloin Filet (USDA Select grade) healthy heart and enjoying one of your with or choose when dining out are favorite foods – BEEF – don’t have to considered lean. A telltale sign is any • Top Sirloin Kabob (USDA Select grade) be at odds with one another. cut with the word “round” or “loin” in the name – which includes a lot. Thanks A number of studies over the years have to enhancements in cattle breeding and • Top Sirloin Steak, Boneless, Center Cut (USDA Select grade) added to a growing body of evidence feeding, as well as improved trimming that eating lean beef as a part of a practices, more than 60 percent of In addition to these cuts having the heart-healthy dietary pattern can help whole muscle beef cuts found in the stamp of approval of the American maintain healthy cholesterol levels. In supermarket are considered lean when Heart Association, a number of heartfact, there have been over 20 studies of cooked with visible fat trimmed. healthy recipes have also been developed lean beef in healthy dietary patterns, on BeefItsWhatsForDinner.com that which supports the important role lean There are also specific cuts that are come with the AHA Heart-Check beef plays in a heart-healthy diet and considered “extra lean,” with the mark as well. In fact, the Nevada Beef American Heart Association® certifying Council recipe included in this month’s lifestyle. Progressive Rancher – classic beef tenderloin roast with cranberry drizzle You can follow a similar dietary pattern as the people who – is one such recipe. participated in the BOLD study by eating similar heart-healthy recipes such as those provided by the American Heart Association. And what exactly is the difference Vist this website for a sample menu and link to certified recipes: between the “lean” cuts of beef www.beefitswhatsfordinner.com/nutrition/beef-and-heart-health mentioned earlier and these “extra  14 FEBRUARY 2020

The Progressive Rancher

Jill Scofield is the Director of Produce Relations for the California and Nevada Beef Councils. She grew up on a cow-calf ranch in Northwestern Nevada.

lean” cuts? A cut of cooked fresh meat is considered lean when it contains less than 10 grams of total fat, 4.5 grams or less of saturated fat, and less than 95 milligrams of cholesterol per 100 grams (or 3.5 ounces). Extra lean has less than 5 grams of total fat per 3.5 ounces of meat, 2 grams or less of saturated fat, and less than 95 milligrams of cholesterol. The bottom line is that for individuals for whom heart health is a priority, a balanced diet that includes beef can be part of a heart-healthy lifestyle. And that’s something we all love. For more information on the varied nutritional aspects of beef, visit BeefItsWhatsForDinner.com/nutrition. Note: sources for all data provided are available upon request, or at BeefItsWhatsForDinner.com. www.progressiverancher.com


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The Progressive Rancher

FEBRUARY 2020 15


By Joseph Guild

The Beef Checkoff As every reader no doubt knows, the beef checkoff was passed into law in 1985. Since the law went into effect, 1$ is assessed every time a beef animal is sold in this country and every imported head of cattle is assessed a 1$ per head fee. This money, by law, can only be spent for research, information/education and promotion of beef as a consumer product and, of note, none of the checkoff money can be used to fund legislative lobbying efforts. Each beef producer, therefore, is a contributor to this self-funded program. Beef producers are members of the Cattlemen’s Beef Board (CBB), appointed by the USDA’s Secretary of Agriculture. This Board administers the money collected each year and appoints an Operating Committee consisting of beef producers to make decisions on how the money should be spent. Half of the money is sent back to the state of origin to be administered by a beef council and the remaining 50 cents goes to the CBB. By any measure, the beef checkoff has been a success and beef producers when recently polled agreed with over 70% responding they thought the program should continue. Built into the law is a referendum process. If 10% of producers vote to hold a referendum on the continued existence of the checkoff a national vote must be held. To date such a vote has never occurred. There are significant accounting and oversight procedures required by law designed to insure the contractors utilizing beef checkoff money spend the funds in compliance with the Act creating the checkoff including authorized contracted expenses and to also insure none of the money is spent for lobbying legislators or agencies on policy issues. For example, as Treasurer of the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association, I am very familiar with this organization’s procedures and policies to make sure that NCBA, one of the beef checkoff contractors, does not violate the Checkoff Act.  16 FEBRUARY 2020

There is a full-time employee compliance officer at NCBA. His latest report was very instructive. One of his jobs is to supervise a review of every time sheet and expense record of every employee of NCBA who works on a project funded by the beef checkoff in its capacity as a contractor to the checkoff. In 2019 this review covered thousands of documents. The results of this review continue to show NCBA complies with the dictates of the Act and Order in its reporting to USDA. This should give every producer confidence that their 1$ checkoff contribution is being spent correctly. The CBB and USDA review on a monthly and yearly basis all invoices and reports related to approved projects. There is a requirement for a yearly audit of contractors and management reviews by USDA of qualified contractors and state beef councils. Let me re-cap. The beef checkoff is a producer endorsed, funded and managed program overseen by the US Department of Agriculture. At the largest contractor, NCBA, a compliance officer verifies the law is being complied with and this report is reviewed by the CBB and USDA. There is a yearly independent audit. At the last polling over 70% of beef producers said the beef checkoff should continue. Research, information campaigns and popular advertising such as the “Beef It’s What’s for Dinner” have continued to heighten interest in a beef product and more demand for that product by an increasingly engaged consumer.

programs in the United States. There is a checkoff for everything from avocados to watermelons, some 22 programs in all. She thinks there needs to be more transparency and a prohibition of certain practices to make these programs better for the consuming public.

career in public service. But I would also guess in her very urban district in Las Vegas there are less than 50 acres of lawn grass let alone any farms and ranches.

“If it ain’t broke don’t fix it.”

To date hundreds of thousands of American beef producers have been trained in safe, humane cattle handling procedures under the checkoff funded Beef Quality Assurance program to ensure the cattle we raise are produced in the most humane way possible. This alone should assure those concerned about animal welfare that beef producers are doing everything possible to provide for the proper treatment of the animals under their care.

The legislation refers a lot to the benefits created by checkoff programs but also the harm to some people raising a particular I have already dwelt with the issue of commodity. I have shown above, the great transparency relative to the beef checkoff majority of beef producers who support above. I don’t think there is a problem. the beef checkoff. Many of us know there One of the things this legislation prohibits is criticism of the beef checkoff by groups is use of checkoff money for lobbying. I such as R-Calf. We have also come to talked about that above. Again, there is no know that R-Calf has received support in problem since the beef checkoff already its efforts from the Humane Society of the prohibits this and the oversight has not United States (HSUS), one of whose aims is to eliminate animal agriculture and the found any violations. consumption of meat.

The bill takes away approval and management authority from the CBB and lodges it with the USDA. This would result in those paying for the program having very little say in implementation of the program. In other words, this would mean there is a top down government control of beef research, education and promotion. The people who know the most about raising, growing, processing and promotion of beef as a product are farmers and ranchers across this nation and not a Washington DC bureaucrat.

Another interesting facet to this whole situation is why one of our legislators cares so much about commodity checkoffs and You’ve all heard the saying “if it ain’t broke the impact on agricultural industries like don’t fix it. Does what I have just described raising beef cattle. Afterall, there is no beef sound broken to you? I'm certain most of industry in Las Vegas, and I would guess you would say no. And yet there are those Ms. Titus does not have a great deal of who want to try and fix what is not broken. experience visiting farms, ranches, feedlots and processing facilities in places like Now comes Representative Titus D, Kansas, Texas, Nevada and Iowa. Nevada with a solution in search of a problem. She has introduced a bill Congresswoman Titus and I have been in her house of Congress to reform friends for close to 30 years. She is smart, the agricultural commodity checkoff dedicated and has had a distinguished The Progressive Rancher

A recent opinion piece by Colin Woodall, the CEO of NCBA, was instructive as to the motives of HSUS. “According to an article in the Washington Examiner HSUS spent $17.3 million between 2005 and 2009 to lobby for and fund ballot initiatives ‘attacking the livestock industry and promoting veganism.” I think there is a question to be begged. Since I assume Representative Titus did not consult agriculture advocacy organizations such as The National Cattlemen’s Beef Association or The American Farm Bureau, where did she receive the information that prompted her to introduce legislation for this solution in search of a problem? I leave it to the reader to contemplate this question. I’ll see you soon. www.progressiverancher.com


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FEBRUARY 2020 17


Let's Talk AG

Perception: It is Our Best and Worst Enemy EDITORIAL By Staci Emm The 2017 Agriculture Census was released in 2019 and reported that the number of Nevada farms in livestock (cattle and calves) decreased but the overall cattle inventory increased. The US Census of Agriculture also reports a year or two behind as they need to analyze all that data that they collect. It also takes place every 5 years. In 2017,t here was $247,173,000 in market sales in cattle and calves, which was increased from $241,611,000 in 2012. There were 1,621 farms with cattle and calve inventory of 476,858 in 2017; and 1,822 farms with a cattle and calve inventory of 420,322 in 2012. I had a chance to visit with ranchers across the state last week in the annual 2020 Cattlemen’s update. What you actually see when you travel across the country is very different from what numbers sometime report. I also had the chance to take a deer hunting trip and stay on a family’s friend ranch late last year in Elko county. Elko County is where the majority of Nevada’s cattle inventory exists. Without these experiences, I would just read the numbers, compare them to other states, and make uniformed assumptions that would lead to my personal perception. Yet, because I do have these experiences, my perception is more than mere numbers and focuses on what really is livestock production all about in Nevada. In our digital age, there is more and more pressure to communicate and take care of business via distance. However, there is something to be said about the good old handshake, to meet eye-to-eye and face-to-face. There is no way to understand Nevada agriculture but to spend time with people producing agricultural products. There were several discussions in meetings and groups with our University agricultural team about the 2017 Ag Census. This is how we base programs and build grant proposals. Based on my perceptions, it was easy for me to understand. Larger operations had the opportunity to get larger or some ranchers went out of business because of extreme events. These extreme events are related to estate planning, management, markets, fire, grazing access and feed costs. The cattle inventory increasing reflected current operations having the cash flow to hold a larger inventory. Now, my peers had a lot to say about by perceptions and it lead to really good discussions. I am sure that those of you taking the time to read this article, have a lot to say and have very good input. But, there is a lesson here or a point I am trying to make. In the picture at right, do you see the young woman or the old woman? I use this in my leadership training to show what one person sees is not necessarily what someone else sees. Our perceptions and the decisions we make due to them are based on actual life experiences. If one just reads the numbers and does not interact with those producing the product, perceptions can be skewed. I encourage ranchers to try and interact with public officials, educators, and land managers. I also encourage public officials, educators, and land managers to interact with ranchers. It does take time, but the best thing that anyone can do for themselves is gather all the information available to them to make the best informed decisions. It is also important that not everyone has to agree, but being able to talk about it can change the world.  18 FEBRUARY 2020

PResident:

InteRview:

Melinda Sarman President, Nevada CattleWomen 775-385-3819 MelindaSarman@gmail.com

Kathy DeForest

Hello friends I hope this new year finds you in good health. This time of year, I find myself catching up with book work and thankful for the warm fire. I am looking forward to my first official duty as your president, attending ANCA Convention and the National Cattlemen’s Convention in San Antone, Texas in February. I hope to represent Nevada CattleWomen on many issues facing our industry and way of life. Several meetings are planed with industry leaders. There will be reports from legislative, public lands, W.I.R.D. and Collegiate Beef Advocacy. I enjoy hearing from other CattleWomen that are facing the same issues that we are here in Nevada. I am excited to meet new people and share with other CattleWomen on making positive changes in our industry. So many people that share a passion for the agricultural community, it is truly inspiring.

My husband of 48 years, Tom DeForest, and I have a small cattle and hay ranch a couple of miles out of Adin, CA in Modoc County. It’s just the two of us on the place. Our one daughter, Sarah, is the Director of External Relations for the College of Agriculture at the University of California, Chico. Our other daughter, Becky, is the Executive Director for the Alpine County Chamber of Commerce in Markleeville, CA. She has two children, Ruby, 15, and Hayden, 13. We love it when they can all come home to visit and help us with whatever we have going on.

Mark your calendars the dates for the Region VI Meeting have been set for April 27- 29 in Tempe, AZ. Room reservation and registration for the meetings are open now. Early bird registration is $ 50.00 and can be mailed to Arizona State Cowbells -P.O. Box 1828, Dewey, AZ. 86327 and Hotel reservations can be made at Embassy Suites by Hilton Phoenix Tempe 480-897-7444. As soon I have more information, I will let you know. Again, I am truly excited to represent such an incredible group of people that share such a passion for the beef industry and ranch communities. The work that is done to educate, promote and fight for legislation for all of the beef industry is truly remarkable. If you would like to contact me my email address is Melindasarman@gmail.com Until next time,

Melinda Sarman

Melinda Sarman Nevada CattleWomen’s President The Progressive Rancher

by Ruby Uhart

I guess I can say I grew up in ranching, but not on a ranch. I was born in Carmel, CA. My Dad, Jim Wolter, was born and raised in the Carmel Valley ranch and farming community, as a well as his father and grandfather. When I was 7 years old we moved to Grass Valley, CA for health and financial reasons. Mom ( Janet) and Dad soon bought a small 10 acre place with a house and a barn. Dad went to work in heavy equipment construction. My two brothers and sister and I had a great childhood there. Mom and Dad did everything they could to have a place for us kids to have 4-H and FFA projects and horses to ride. And they instilled the love of our ranch heritage in each of us. I went to Cal Poly and that’s where I met Tom. He came from a similar background as I. His parents (Ches and Grace DeForest) both came from ranch families. Tom grew up on a ranch that his Dad managed. So after we were married we started working for ranches throughout Northern California and Southern Oregon. We always had the dream of having a place of our own, but deep in our brains we knew it was probably just a dream. We had the blessing of working with some great cowboys and buckaroos, cattlemen and businessmen. We both learned a lot. I always wanted to be working along-side of Tom and to be on a horse. The girls came along and our family was complete. But deep down, we wanted a place of our own. While working at the Drews Valley Ranch, Lakeview, OR for Jack Sparrowk, www.progressiverancher.com


I work in my vegetable garden. I sew. I do leatherwork. I take photographs. I do a little bit of everything. My favorite thing is definitely being able to work with Tom. We are a pretty good team, even if I say so myself. We work well together. We work quiet. And our cattle work well for us. The two of us can get a lot done. And of course I enjoy being outside with our animals and working with nature. I’d be lying if I told you we never have arguments. We don’t argue as much as we used to though. After all these years we pretty much know what is expected of each other, as long as we remember to communicate. When I go in a corral with cattle, my first priority is the benefit of the cattle. And that is Tom’s too. So we generally see eye to eye. Kathy DeForest

we were offered an opportunity to run a few “pee-wee” calves through the winter and summer. We went to the bank and got a loan. That project payed off and we got another loan to buy five cows. And that’s basically how it started, from scratch. We had some extraordinary opportunities. We are forever grateful for the wonderful people that were willing to give us a hand. We worked really hard. At times we experienced some big challenges and setbacks. But we never gave up. We have a herd of Hereford and Angus cross commercial cows that we calve in the summer in Modoc County on mostly rented pasture. Then we ship the pairs to rented winter pasture on the Sutter Buttes and further south to the Calaveras County foothills. Some of the calves are sold off the cows in the spring, and some are brought home to run as stockers until August or September. Our ranch makes a good cattle processing and shipping headquarters. We also have a small herd of registered Hereford cows that we raise bulls for our own use and to sell also. We used to have a stallion and up to 5 broodmares. We raised the colts and got them started and eventually sold them. As we are getting older and it’s been harder to keep the colts ridden we decided to sell the stallion and last broodmare a year ago. I really miss seeing the mares and colts. But we are still riding some nice horses that we raised. www.progressiverancher.com

Every day is different. I am really lucky that Tom cooks breakfast. That gives me a chance to have some time to work on the computer, start straightening the house up, and generally get ready for the rest of the day. Other than that, the duties change with the season. There are so many things I do; it ensures that I am never bored. I do all the book work, banking, taxes and government reporting. I take great pride in the stream restoration, wildlife habitat and environmental improvements that Tom and I have done on the ranch. I help Tom feed. We work our cattle together. He is in charge of the vaccinating and working the chute. I bring the cattle by horseback up to the tub and into the lead up. One pet peeve of mine is letting cows turn back. So I take pride in how I handle the cows and how smoothly they work. We check the cattle and make sure they are on fresh feed. If Tom has to go south to ship cattle home, I stay here to receive them and settle the weaners.

I think the hardest thing about ranching for me is dealing with the actions of others. Most people are really good, but occasionally we have had to deal with bankers that wouldn’t work with us, crazy drivers on the highway, goofy government regulations like California Fish and Game Commission making the wolf an endangered species in California, development of rangeland into trees and urbanization, burdensome water regulations, etc., etc. One clear, crisp, November afternoon Tom and I were moving 75 pairs down the highway on a 5 mile straight stretch. A guy came driving from behind us and plowed into the cows. It was a miracle that we, nor a lady that was driving in the other lane, weren’t hurt. But 5 cows and 3 calves were killed and many more injured. The poor bunch of cows had their lives turned upside down, much less how frightening it was to us. We were not at fault as it is open range. But ever since then, we have the California Highway Patrol escort us when moving cows. I think I might still have a little PTSD from that event.

When things that we can’t control come up, we just deal with them. They may be We help neighbors and friends brand and disappointing at the time, but a lot of they help us. I love to rope in the branding times there’s nothing we can do other than pen. Other things I do include weed accommodate our plans and deal with spraying and weed chopping. I haul rock whatever needs to be dealt with. I know to stream banks and washes to prevent I’ve been disappointed plenty of times in erosion. I try to keep the garden and missing holiday plans. But we just deal headquarters mowed and neat. I help Tom with the stuff. Yes, we have our stresses. rebuild and repair our corrals and fences. But I can’t imagine dealing with the stress The Progressive Rancher

of urban life. When I get stressed here I look around and see all of the blessing around me. I see open space, wildlife, cattle, horses, dogs, rangeland, trees, and rocks. I smell fresh air. I hear birds, coyotes, frogs, cattle. I feel nature. I feel close to God and I am thankful I am here. I love and appreciate all the seasons, but I have to say that my favorite is when we sell and ship our calves and/or yearlings. That is the culmination of all the seasons. It’s the “harvest season”. I take great pride in putting those big, healthy, growthy cattle on the truck. We have provided them the best quality of life that we could. It is a job well done. And I say a prayer of thanks and gratitude to them. They have enabled us to live this wonderful life. I have had lots of wonderful moments and events, but I must say that whenever the girls and grandkids come home it is the greatest. And having good friends come help us brand and do other things that we need to ask help for. Those are special times. Definitely it is important to share our stories. The urban population is ignorant to what all the things we do to benefit them. We can’t blame them for that. We have done a poor job of telling our story. I have been very involved with the wolf issue in California. I went to the first CA Fish and Game Commission hearings on listing the wolf as endangered in California. This is over and above the Federal listing. The propaganda I heard was scary and astonishing. There are a lot of people out there that want to get us off the land. Somehow, we need to get our stories out there. We are important for the survival of our nation. If ranch life is calling you, I say go for it. Be the best you can be. If something is worth doing, it’s worth doing well. Be prepared to have setbacks. Realize that life isn’t always fair. Remember that the opportunities you have today are far greater than your great- grandmother’s were. You still have to work hard. Take time to appreciate your blessings. Never give up. And remember, be like Ginger Rogers … she did everything Fred Astaire did, only in high heels and backwards.

FEBRUARY 2020 19


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FEEDER SALES Thursday February 20, 2020 Thursday March 19, 2020 SPECIAL SALE Wed, April 15, 2020 Type # Head Desc Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer

45 3 20 8 13 1 40 9 22 7 16 25 25 5 7 4 4 8 7 75 32 4 11 1 41 4 8 3 17 2 5 4 9 4 14 2 12 2 30 3 3 4 2 4 1 1

Black Mix Black Mix Black Mix Black Black Black Black Mix Black Mix Mix Black Black Black Mix Black Black Black Char Black Black Black Black Black Mix Black RBF Black Black Black Mix Black Mix Black Black Mix Mix Black Black Black Black Black Black

Weight Price CWT Location 426 612 532 752 436 614 509 773 617 929 417 755 490 735 589 735 423 599 521 769 453 685 427 746 532 568 316 582 417 740 556 768 632 452 724 673 460 730 544 857 418 915 633 915 724 780

209 150 174 145 200 148 187 148 152 128 199 147 185 146 158 146 197 145 170 145 196 145 191 143 180 141 220 141 196 130 165 139 152 137 147 135 196 131 172 130 196 126 152 126 147 126

20 FEBRUARY 2020

Panaca, NV Fallon, NV Panaca, NV Fallon, NV Winnemucca, NV Paradise Valley, NV Winnemucca, NV Wellington, NV Winnemucca, NV Wellington, NV Winnemucca, NV Lovelock, NV Winnemucca, NV Fallon, NV Winnemucca, NV Fallon, NV Carlin, NV Reno, NV Carlin, NV Fallon, NV Fallon, NV Winnemucca, NV Fallon, NV Fallon, NV Fallon, NV Austin, NV Tonopah, NV Spring Creek, NV Tonopah, NV Spring Creek, NV Tonopah, NV Fallon, NV Tonopah, NV Round Mnt, NV Tonopah, NV Fallon, NV Cedarville, CA Denio, NV Cedarville, CA Fallon, NV Tonopah, NV Winnemucca, NV Tonopah, NV Winnemucca, NV Tonopah, NV Paradise Valley, NV

A new year and a new market... 4100 head and 131 consignors from Idaho, Oregon, California, Nevada, and Utah. Many of the cattle went to California, but cattle also went to Idaho, Washington, Wyoming, Colorado, and Nebraska. That’s the great part about January and February, Eastern buyers are starting to buy spring turn out cattle in addition to California buyers still trying to finish out their pastures. Thank you to our sellers who held on and waited until January. Also, thanks to the buyers who made it a great sale. And last, but not least, thanks to our crew who work so hard to keep the cattle coming quickly and who keep the momentum of the sale rolling fast. We have another big sale lined up for February 20 with lots of good cattle already consigned.

January Feeder Sale Results Name

Type # Head Desc

Weight Price CWT Location

Name

Mathews Farms Bruce & Becky Humphrey Mathews Farms Bruce & Becky Humphrey Stuart & Janine Avery David Katie & Tyann Kern Stuart & Janine Avery Nat & Karen Lommori Stuart & Janine Avery Nat & Karen Lommori Levi & Kristy Piquet Dale Johnson Levi & Kristy Piquet Patty Julian Levi & Kristy Piquet Trent Debraga Sestanovich Ranch LLC Alan & Mimi Mendes Sestanovich Ranch LLC Nevada Livestock Marketing Richard & Jennifer Sanford Vesco Ranch LLC Richard & Jennifer Sanford Lane Gardner Richard & Jennifer Sanford Brian Bill Cross L Ranch LLC Harold Rother Farms Cross L Ranch LLC Harold Rother Farms Cross L Ranch LLC Trevor Debraga Cross L Ranch LLC Daniel Berg Cross L Ranch LLC Patty Daniels Pam Iverson & Lee Conner Jim & Helen McDonald Pam Iverson & Lee Conner Boomer Ranches Edwin & Samual Higbee Buddy Howard Edwin & Samual Higbee Carlo Forgnone Edwin & Samual Higbee Dan & Danielle Cassinelli

Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer

457 626 546 718 356 820 421 1415 496 608 440 356 746 396 430 286 310 286 416 318 365 392 509 312 459 303 546 550 688 448 587 751 881 467 279 351 510 464 551 649 820 383 464 519 622 500

Jerry and Nancy Harper Aaron & Donnell Williams Jerry and Nancy Harper WR Cattle CO LLC Wahoo Ranch L & L Galeppi Wahoo Ranch L & L Galeppi Wahoo Ranch Cole Estill Justin & Anrienne Snow Clint & Laurie Fillmore Justin & Anrienne Snow Clint & Laurie Fillmore Mori Ranches LLC Gerardo Magana Colvin & Son LLC Shane Hall Colvin & Son LLC Robert & Barbara Baker Ira Dempsey Jason Jaeger Tim, Nicole or Avery Owen Jones Boys Ranches Jake & Lydia Dempsey Denise & Jake Garteiz Delong Jake & Lydia Dempsey Jake & Lydia Dempsey Jake & Lydia Dempsey Pete Ferraro Pete Ferraro Pete Ferraro Pete Ferraro Young Bros Young Bros Young Bros Charles Wadsworth Demar Dahl Demar Dahl Demar Dahl Demar Dahl JD & Joelle Mackay Hank & Joi Brackenbury Kylie Amos Kylie Amos Grace Mcerquiaga

5 6 10 1 5 1 15 4 9 3 18 7 9 6 28 2 3 2 4 2 1 2 1 6 8 8 15 8 6 29 67 35 11 27 4 11 18 20 28 57 12 4 9 36 53 17

Black Mix Mix Mix Black BBF Black Black Black Mix Black Black Black Mix Black Mix Black Mix Black Black Mix Black Black Mix Black Mix Char Black Black Black Black Black Black Black Black Black Black Black Black Black Mix Mix Black Black Mix Mix

The Progressive Rancher

195 125 168 123 210 122 192 80 185 121 192 211 143 201 190 211 210 211 190 210 189 204 187 170 185 144 176 165 150 185 166 147 137 184 236 207 183 182 165 151 137 182 181 181 156 180

Paradise Valley, NV Fallon, NV Paradise Valley, NV Spring Creek, NV Elko, NV Minden, NV Elko, NV Minden, NV Elko, NV Winnemucca, NV Fallon, NV Jordan Valley, OR Fallon, NV Jordan Valley, OR Tuscarora, NV Winnemucca, NV Dammeron Valley, UT Winnemucca, NV Dammeron Valley, UT Fallon, NV Winnemucca, NV Adel, OR Winnemucca, NV Enterprise, UT Winnemucca, NV Winnemucca, NV Winnemucca, NV Winnemucca, NV Winnemucca, NV Paradise Valley, NV Paradise Valley, NV Paradise Valley, NV Paradise Valley, NV Austin, NV Austin, NV Austin, NV Alamo, NV Fallon, NV Fallon, NV Fallon, NV Fallon, NV Fallon, NV Panaca, NV Fallon, NV Fallon, NV Orovada, NV

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Type # Head Desc Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer Steer

Weight Price CWT Location

Name

Type # Head Desc Heifer 3 Heifer 15 Heifer 15 Heifer 5 Heifer 13 Heifer 11 Heifer 2 Heifer 1 Heifer 25 Heifer 18 Heifer 16 Heifer 10 Heifer 3 Heifer 3 Heifer 16 Heifer 51 Heifer 6 Heifer 14 Heifer 44 Heifer 2 Heifer 4 Heifer 1 Heifer 1 Heifer 6 Heifer 14 Heifer 8 Heifer 4 Heifer 5 Heifer 21 Heifer 6 Heifer 7 Heifer 9 Heifer 28 Heifer 3 Heifer 9 Heifer 4 Heifer 2 Heifer 7 Heifer 2 Heifer 1 Heifer 2 Heifer 34 Heifer 3 Heifer 2 Heifer 10 Heifer 4 Heifer 2 Heifer 2 Heifer 6 Heifer 4 Heifer 3 Heifer 5 Heifer 1 Heifer 5

13 6 6 20 9 18 10 14 6 2 2 7 2 4 1 3 16 14 1 2 5 2 2 1 41 19 12 2 5 2 3 8 12 2 9 8 13 1 2 2 6 8 11 39 1 1 9 11 2 6 7 18 1 2 13 61 9

Mix Mix Black Black Black Mix Black Black Mix Black Mix Mix Black Black Black Mix Black Black Black Black Black Black Black Black Black Black Mix BBF BBF Black Black Black Black Black Mix Mix Mix Black Black Black Black Black Black Black Mix Mix Mix Mix Mix Black Black Mix Black Mix Black Black Black

605 883 582 822 555 666 735 455 488 394 498 592 448 704 556 665 567 744 518 633 517 556 633 724 555 653 585 541 542 458 595 522 614 480 424 516 614 546 709 305 546 709 570 528 566 683 566 682 622 667 456 481 614 592 386 654 720

159 138 177 143 175 157 148 175 173 204 174 152 173 140 172 157 171 141 170 152 170 165 152 147 169 157 147 168 168 168 156 167 152 165 165 164 147 163 148 209 163 148 162 154 157 151 157 151 156 156 156 155 152 152 201 152 150

Orovada, NV Orovada, NV Carson City, NV Carson City, NV Fallon, NV Fallon, NV Fallon, NV Adel, OR Adel, OR Adel, OR Lovelock, NV Lovelock, NV Imlay, NV Imlay, NV Fallon, NV Fallon, NV Cedarville, CA Cedarville, CA Logandale, NV Logandale, NV Tonopah, NV Tonopah, NV Tonopah, NV Tonopah, NV Paradise Valley, NV Paradise Valley, NV Paradise Valley, NV Spring Creek, NV Spring Creek, NV Elko, NV Elko, NV Jordan Valley, OR Jordan Valley, OR Denio, NV Paradise Valley, NV Paradise Valley, NV Paradise Valley, NV Eureka, NV Eureka, NV Eureka, NV Eureka, NV Eureka, NV Carlin, NV Carlin, NV Yerington, NV Yerington, NV Silver Springs, NV Silver Springs, NV Fallon, NV Fallon, NV Winnemucca, NV Winnemucca, NV Jordan Valley, OR Lovelock, NV Winnemucca, NV Winnemucca, NV Fallon, NV

Grace Mcerquiaga Grace Mcerquiaga Selmi Brothers Livestock Selmi Brothers Livestock Hendrix Ranch Hendrix Ranch Hendrix Ranch Moora Fisher Moora Fisher Moora Fisher Robert Anderson Robert Anderson Star Creek Ranch LLC Star Creek Ranch LLC Mark Hendrix Mark Hendrix Page Family Trust Page Family Trust Joseph Yardley Joseph Yardley Toby Rollins Toby Rollins Toby Rollins Toby Rollins Kenneth Buckingham Kenneth Buckingham Kenneth Buckingham Lee Livestock Edwin or Linda Sarman 333 Ranch LLC 333 Ranch LLC Robert & Terry Fretwell Robert & Terry Fretwell Marvin & Edie Casey Susan & David Kern Susan & David Kern Susan & David Kern Levi & Sarah Shoda Levi & Sarah Shoda Sadler Ranch LLC Sadler Ranch LLC Sadler Ranch LLC Slagowski Ranches Slagowski Ranches Ernie Angeles Ernie Angeles James Talbott James Talbott Colton Hoffman Phillip Amos T Quartercircle Ranches Gene Heckman Ella McConnell Ray Hardy Robert & Daniel Gordan Robert & Daniel Gordan Ann Joanette

Heifer 15 Heifer 32 Heifer 24 Heifer 11 Heifer 14 Heifer 28 Heifer 31 Heifer 31 Heifer 9 Heifer 16 Heifer 7 Heifer 16 Heifer 12 Heifer 6 Heifer 4 Heifer 5 Heifer 10 Heifer 11 Heifer 3 Heifer 20 Heifer 1

Black Black Black Black Black Black Black Black Black Black Black Char Char Black Black Mix Black Black Black WF Black

394 454 541 431 353 388 481 375 429 383 480 382 653 393 393 279 329 415 310 515 310

197 166 151 175 191 187 154 185 172 185 161 184 137 181 181 181 178 170 177 137 177

Winnemucca, NV Winnemucca, NV Winnemucca, NV Austin, NV Austin, NV Panaca, NV Panaca, NV Eureka, NV Eureka, NV Tonopah, NV Tonopah, NV Winnemucca, NV Winnemucca, NV Adel, OR Adel, OR Winnemucca, NV Elko, NV Elko, NV Spring Creek, NV Spring Creek, NV Spring Creek, NV

Stuart & Janine Avery Stuart & Janine Avery Stuart & Janine Avery Young Bros Young Bros Mathews Farms Mathews Farms Sadler Ranch LLC Sadler Ranch LLC Cross L Ranch LLC Cross L Ranch LLC Crawford Cattle Co Crawford Cattle Co Jason Jaeger Moora Fisher Gerardo Magana Wahoo Ranch Wahoo Ranch Michael Sarman Michael Sarman Lee Livestock

www.progressiverancher.com

Weight Price CWT Location

WF Black Black Black Mix Mix Black Black Black Black Black Black Black Mix Black Black Mix Mix Black Black Black Black Black Black Black Black Char Mix Mix Black Black Mix BBF Mix Black Mix Black Black Black Mix Black Black Mix Black BBF Black Black Mix Black Black Mix Black Black Mix

Bull Calf 6 Mix Bull 1 Red

Name

515 395 432 352 447 546 456 394 456 577 428 452 270 476 485 540 282 429 543 511 645 513 513 368 548 658 685 582 513 508 508 502 669 497 607 621 530 649 545 554 633 645 665 490 698 696 598 658 706 653 549 800 800 990

137 176 175 170 167 144 166 165 166 144 165 165 161 156 152 148 152 150 149 148 137 148 148 178 145 138 145 137 143 142 142 141 141 141 140 139 139 139 138 138 138 137 136 134 134 134 132 132 131 130 127 128 128 104

Spring Creek, NV Paradise Valley, NV Paradise Valley, NV Fallon, NV Orovada, NV Orovada, NV Fallon, NV Winnemucca, NV Fallon, NV Fallon, NV Alamo, NV Lamollie, NV Winnemucca, NV Winnemucca, NV Winnemucca, NV Winnemucca, NV Enterprise, UT Paradise Valley, NV Fallon, NV Fallon, NV Fallon, NV Fallon, NV Fallon, NV Jordan Valley, OR Jordan Valley, OR Jordan Valley, OR Winnemucca, NV Winnemucca, NV Paradise Valley, NV Lovelock, NV Lovelock, NV Fallon, NV Lovelock, NV Fowler, CO Fallon, NV Fallon, NV Spring Creek, NV Wellington, NV Fallon, NV Minden, NV Fernley, NV Fallon, NV Fallon, NV Denio, NV Denio, NV Fallon, NV Fallon, NV Winnemucca, NV Fallon, NV Fallon, NV Jiggs, NV Paradise Valley, NV Paradise Valley, NV Adel, OR

Lee Livestock Pete Farraro Pete Farraro Robert & Barbara Baker Grace Mcerquiaga Grace Mcerquiaga Colton Hoffman Samantha Clark Kylie Amos Kylie Amos Charles Wadsworth Dorothy & Rex Steninger Denise & Jake Garteiz Delong Rusty & Malinda Lefler Robert & Daniel Gordan Robert & Daniel Gordan Jones Boys Ranch Susan & David Kern Demar Dahl Rambling River Rambling River Jackson Snow Benton Snow Clint & Laurie Fillmore Robert & Terry Fretwell Robert & Terry Fretwell Vesco Ranch LLC Vesco Ranch LLC Jerry & Nancy Harper Ray Hardy Robert Anderson Bryant Behimer Michael & Marian Gottschalk Tim Reed Phillip Amos Bruce & Becky Humphrey Edwin & Linda Sarman Nat & Karen Lommori Ken Edgmon Loran & Nick Uhart Martin Bunyard Justin Snow Eastgate Jim & Helen McDonald Marvin & Edie Casey Trevor Debraga Patty Daniels T Quartercircle Ranches LLC Lester Debraga Trent Debraga Ira & Montria Renner Josh & Giovette Cassinelli Dan & Danielle Cassinelli Doug Orelock

421 645

154 112

Austin, NV Fallon, NV

Brian Bill Michael & Claudia Casey

“Where the Ranchers Shop” NEVADA LIVESTOCK VET SUPPLY, LLC

The Progressive Rancher

Store Hours: Monday-Friday 8am-5pm 131 Industrial Way • Fallon, NV 89406 ( 775 ) 624-4996 FEBRUARY 2020 21


31

ST

annual WinnemuccA R HR Ranch Hand Rodeo Weekend Mark your calendars for our 31st annual event

Feb. 26 - March 1, 2020 Winnemucca Events Complex

Join us at the Winnemucca Events Complex to experience Nevada’s largest & most exciting Ranch Hand Rodeo and Horse Sale! Over 30 teams compete for prizes and bragging rights!

Ranch, Rope & Performance

Horse Sale

2019 Top Ten Average ~ $11,030 High Selling Horse Pretty Boy Rapp ~ $19,750 This premier sale will feature top quality ranch, rope, and performance horses, both finished and started prospects. The Winnemucca Horse Sale has become well known for quality horses and an efficient crew year after year!

Tentative Schedule Wednesday & Thursday, Feb. 26 - 27, 2020 Winnemucca Cow Dog Trial and Finals Friday, February 28, 2020 Stock Horse Challenge & Horse Sale Preview Winnemucca RHR Barrel Bash Saturday, February 29, 2020 Ranch Hand Rodeo Winnemucca RHR Barrel Bash

s of y a D l l u 5F nt! Exciteme

Ranch, Rope & Performance Horse Sale Sunday, March 1, 2020 Ranch Hand Rodeo Winnemucca RHR Barrel Bash

Winnemucca RHR Barrel Bash Open 4D, PeeWee, Youth, and Senior Races *NEW This Year - Pole Bending*

$12,500 ADDED MONEY!!

Feb. 28 - March 1, 2020 Winnemucca Events Complex

For More Information Call: (775) 304-2977

2019 Winning Team - C7 Ranch - Gooding, ID

For More Information: (775) 623-5071 or www.RanchRodeoNV.com  22 FEBRUARY 2020

The Progressive Rancher

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William Tate to present Free UNR Lecture February 6 on relationship of place, race and STEM education The relationship between place, race and STEM degree attainment is the topic for the next Discover Science Lecture Series hosted by the College of Science at the University of Nevada, Reno.

The college has invited well-known educator and author William Tate, a professor in arts and sciences at Washington University, St. Louis, to present his work to the community in this free and open to the public lecture Feb. 6 at 7 p.m. The lecture will be held in the Davidson Mathematics and Science Center.

Tate's lecture, titled "Is Space + Race > STEM Opportunity?" is grounded on Tobler’s first law of geography: “Everything is related to everything else, but near things are more related than distant things.” His lecture describes the implications of this law for opportunity to learn in STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) education. Using geospatial methods, Tate illustrates the relationship between place and STEM attainment. Tate has a particular interest in STEM attainment. Ongoing research projects include understanding the distal and social factors that predict STEM doctoral degree attainment, broadly defined to include highly quantitative social sciences disciplines (such as economics). His co-edited book, Beyond Stock Stories and Folktales: African Americans’ Paths to STEM Fields, captures the direction of this research program.

Tate is the Edward Mallinckrodt Distinguished University Professor in Arts & Sciences at Washington University where he serves as Dean of the Graduate School and Vice Provost for Graduate Education. Bringing the best and brightest minds in science to the University from around the United States to share their knowledge with the community to our community, the College of Science is in its tenth year of presenting the Discover Science Lecture Series are always free to the public. They are held at 7 p.m. in the Redfield Auditorium inside the Davidson Mathematics and Science Center at the University of Nevada, Reno. Other speakers the College of Science is bringing to the community this year are: on March 12, Harry Jol, a Geoarchaelogist who uses ground penetrating radar in Holocaust studies at suspected locations of mass graves, destroyed synagogues, ritual bathhouses and other structures in Lithuania that have been lost to time; and on April 9 Harrison Schmitt, the last man on the moon, who is a retired NASA astronaut and geologist. Past speakers in the series include astrophysicists Michio Kaku and Neil deGrasse Tyson; Robert Ballard, who discovered the wreck of the Titanic; and Bill Nye the Science Guy. Free parking for the event is available in the lot south of the Davidson Mathematics and Science Center on the southeast corner of Evans Avenue and Record Street. For more information, call the College of Science at 775-784-4591 or visit the Discover Science Lecture Series website at https://www.unr.edu/science/discover-science.

One of the West’s most outstanding offerings of yearling and coming two-year-old Gelbvieh, Angus and Balancer® Bulls Functional, powerhouse sons of these great sires sell!

25th Annu al Bull Sale – P ro b le m -f re e C a

tt le –

March 7, 2020 Sale starts at 1:00 P.M. SUREFIRE CED 15

BW WW YW DOC MILK MAR -0.3 57 107 30 32 1.35

FLAT TOP CED 15

BW WW YW DOC MILK MAR -2.3 54 120 16 36 0.59

Our program emphasizes Calving Ease, Structural Soundness, Udder Quality, Growth and Moderate Framed, Easy Keeping Cattle. First year breeding season guarantee for injury and mortality on all bulls. SIRES REPRESENTED: SANDPOINT BUTKUS X797, CONNEALY CAPITALIST, MYTTY IN FOCUS, DEER VALLY ALL IN, POST ROCK WESTERN 143Y1, POST ROCK PASSION 160Z1, SAV FOREFATHER 3024

Burley Auction Yard , Burley, Idaho Lunch provided at noon

80 Bulls S ell! 30 coming

2-year-old s and 50 yea rlings Free delivery up to 300 mile s

Cordell and Patty Sheridan

Phone: 208.430.5532 www.sheridancattle.com • email: cordell5532@gmail.com www.progressiverancher.com

The Progressive Rancher

FEBRUARY 2020 23


Recruitment of Antelope Bitterbrush Following Wildfire Antelope bitterbrush occurs from British Columbia to Montana and south to New Mexico. The widespread distribution of this species implies the importance of this shrub. In 1924, Arthur W. Sampson, one of the fathers of range management, reported that antelope bitterbrush is an important browse species to deer, elk, and antelope. Since that time, antelope bitterbrush has been well documented as a critical browse species for wintering mule deer herds and highly preferred by domestic livestock during late summer, fall, and winter months when herbaceous vegetation dries up and is low in digestible protein. Fire, excessive grazing and browsing, insects, drought, and other unfavorable weather conditions can all contribute to the deterioration of antelope bitterbrush communities. The lack of seedling recruitment has been a major problem for many years in most antelope bitterbrush communities, resulting in old decadent stands that lack nutritional quality as well as sufficient seed production. Emor Nord, a pioneer in antelope bitterbrush research, pointed out the importance of granivorous rodents in the natural recruitment of antelope bitterbrush. At the same time, Nord reported that it was nearly impossible to successfully seed this important browse species to restore western rangelands. Granivorous rodents harvest more than 97% of antelope bitterbrush seed that falls to the ground (Figure 1). Following their harvest Figure 1. Granivorous rodents, such as this Ord’s kangaroo rat, are important in the harvest and dispersal of antelope bitterbrush seed. Notice the large quantity of seeds in this rodent check pouches.

24 FEBRUARY 2020

By Charlie D. Clements and Dan N. Harmon

activity these rodents exhibit two types of behavior; 1) larder-hoard caching; rodents harvest the seed and take it back to their burrow for future use, but this seed is too deep for seed germination, and 2) scatter-hoard caching, rodents harvest the seed and bury the seed in shallow depressions throughout their home range for future consumption, in which some caches are not consumed resulting in germination and sprouting of seedlings (Figure 2). These seedlings still need to survive predation by rodents, rabbits, and ungulates as well as drought conditions. Antelope bitterbrush is reported to have a very poor chance of re-sprouting following wildfires, with most researchers reporting less than 4%. We recorded less < 1% of antelope bitterbrush shrubs re-sprouted following a wildfire near Doyle, California in 1988, < 3% in 1996 near Reno, Nevada and 3% re-sprouted in 2017 wildfire near Doyle, California (Figure 3). Given this reality, it is very evident restoration of antelope bitterbrush following wildfires is going to be heavily dependent on surviving seed bank of rodent caches or active range improvement practices such as seeding or transplanting. Examining Emor Nord’s statement of how it is impossible to successfully seed antelope bitterbrush, we discovered that most of this information was directed at seeding antelope bitterbrush with the introduced perennial grass, crested wheatgrass. Researchers in northeastern California in the 1940s and 1950s were testing seeding of antelope bitterbrush with very limited success and reported no success when seeding antelope bitterbrush with crested wheatgrass. Due to this reporting, resource managers had no confidence in seeding this critical browse species, therefore the seeding of antelope bitterbrush was nearly absent for a quarter of a century. In 1997, following a wildfire north of Reno, NV we tested the seeding of antelope bitterbrush using a rangeland drill. We tested 1) seeding antelope bitterbrush @ 3 lb/acre rate (16,00018,000 seeds/pound), 2) seeding antelope bitterbrush @ 2 lb/acre rate and crested wheatgrass @ 7 lb/acre rate, and 3) seeding antelope bitterbrush @ 2 lb/acre rate and crested wheatgrass @ 4 lb/acre rate. The adjacent unburned habitat averaged 127 antelope bitterbrush shrubs/acre, yet our seeding efforts significantly increased antelope bitterbrush in all treated plots. Seeding antelope bitterbrush @ 3 lb/ acre rate increased the antelope bitterbrush density to 2,275/acre, followed by 1,452/acre when seeded with 4 lbs/acre rate of crested wheatgrass (Figure 4) and 157/ acre when seeded with 7 lb/acre of crested wheatgrass. The success experienced by seeding antelope bitterbrush by itself was actually self-defeating as the plants were so close to each other they competed with each other and resulted in stunt growth and reduced seed production. The crested wheatgrass that was seeded resulted in the establishment of 28,645/acre at 7 lb/acre rate and 17,967/acre at the 4 lb/ acre rate. The establishment of perennial grasses is the best known method at suppressing cheatgrass and associated fuels. Seeding antelope bitterbrush by itself without perennial grasses can result in an increase in cheatgrass and associated fuels which only threatens any restoration of antelope bitterbrush achieved, but also threatens adjacent habitats. The litter that drops from antelope bitterbrush provides an excellent safe-site for cheatgrass, therefore increasing the wildfire threat.

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Topographic features can limit drill seeding of antelope bitterbrush, therefore leaving resource managers with the option of broadcasting antelope bitterbrush seed or transplanting antelope bitterbrush seedlings. We have attempted the broadcasting of antelope bitterbrush following wildfires with very limited success. The theory was that by broadcasting 3 lb/ acre rate (48,000-54,000 seeds/acre), the granivorous rodent community such as kangaroo rats would harvest the seed and a portion of that seed would be scatter-hoard cached and result in antelope bitterbrush seedling recruitment to the environment. Following 1996 and 2007 wildfires in northern Nevada we broadcast seeded antelope bitterbrush on numerous plots. The adjacent unburned habitats averaged 87 and 112 antelope bitterbrush shrubs/acre, respectfully. Our broadcast seeding efforts resulted in the recruitment of 23 antelope bitterbrush shrubs/acre from rodent cached seed compared to 0/acre in the control plots in the 1996 burned habitat. The 2007 burned habitat resulted in the recruitment of 48 antelope bitterbrush shrubs from the broadcast seeding effort compared to 3/acre in the control plots. Prior to a 1998 prescribed burn in northeastern California we broadcasted antelope bitterbrush at 3 lb/acre rate into a western Juniper/big sagebrush/antelope bitterbrush community that averaged 24 antelope bitterbrush shrubs/acre. Following our broadcast seeding efforts, the community average 49 antelope bitterbrush shrubs/acre compared to 7/acre in the burned/control plots. This practice doubled the density of antelope bitterbrush in that community.

Figure 2. Antelope bitterbrush seedling resulting from the behavior of scatter-hoard caching performed by granivorous rodents.

...continued next page

Figure 3. Once a wildfire consumes antelope bitterbrush shrubs, range improvement practices are needed to restore antelope bitterbrush back into the community.

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The Progressive Rancher

FEBRUARY 2020 25 


Transplanting of antelope bitterbrush seedlings has gained popularity in recent years. Most transplanting efforts take place in early spring using cone-sized container stock. In the Great Basin, the majority of precipitation occurs during the winter months, yet spring transplanting is still popular. Following some of these cone-sized container transplant efforts we have witnessed high failure rates. Bare-stock transplants are also commonly used, but even though these plants that are grown in nurseries and look exceptionally healthy, often lack sufficient fine root development and lead to desiccation and high failure rates. To further test the performance of transplanting antelope bitterbrush seedlings, we initiated an experiment to test the success of cone-sized, barestock and quart-sized antelope bitterbrush seedlings in a replicated plot study. Conesized and quart-sized container seedlings were grown locally in a greenhouse, while the bare-stock seedlings were purchased from northern California nursery. Transplanting occurred in the fall of the year to take advantage of increased available moisture versus a decrease in available moisture following spring transplanting practices. One-year following transplanting efforts, quart-sized transplants averaged 53% success followed by bare-stock, 27%, and cone-sized, 11%. The cost of transplants can vary quite a bit with bare-stock costing as little as $0.45 each to $2.25-$4.00 each for cone-sized and quart-sized, respectfully. Compare this to $12.00-$15.00 per pound of antelope bitterbrush seed, it can be argued that resource managers would get much more bang for the buck using seeding than transplanting methodologies. For example, if the goal was to establish 200 bitterbrush shrubs/acre, at 11% success with cone-sized containers there would be an extensive cost to purchase and transplant enough seedlings to achieve the survival of 200 antelope bitterbrush transplants/acre. Direct seeding on the other hand would be much more affordable and have a much higher chance of achieving that goal (Figure 5). The failure to not seed antelope bitterbrush following wildfires contributes to the decline of this critical browse species which ultimately reduces plant species diversity and forage and cover for wildlife and domestic livestock. Our experience in the above research showcases the potential to restore antelope bitterbrush following wildfires and improve wildlife habitat and grazing resources.

Figure 4. Young antelope bitterbrush plants growing alongside the perennial grass, crested wheatgrass, following the simultaneous seeding of these two species.

Figure 5. The proper seeding methodology of antelope bitterbrush can ultimately improve much needed species diversity and forage quality for grazing resources and critical wildlife habitat.

 26 FEBRUARY 2020

The Progressive Rancher

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The Progressive Rancher

FEBRUARY 2020 27


NN evada Farm BF ureau evada arm

Bureau

If You Haven’t Read The State’s Latest Greenhouse Gas Report – You'd Better By Doug Busselman, Executive Vice President During the 2019 Nevada Legislative Session a bill was passed, SB 254, directing an expanded reporting process for the Nevada Department of Conservation and Natural Resources regarding Nevada’s “contributions” to the emission of greenhouse gases. The first product of this bill’s direction has been released by the Nevada Division of Environmental Protection (NDEP). If every Nevadan hasn’t read the report already, they probably should…awareness could go a very long way in citizens being better prepared for the actions their government is planning to take. The report is called the “Nevada Statewide Greenhouse Gas Emission Inventory and Projections…1990 – 2039.” It can be located by going to the NDEP website: https://ndep.nv.gov/. Under requirements of the legislation, there is an annual updated inventory and projection of the sectors emitting the most amounts of Green House Gas. Currently, these sectors are transportation and electricity generation. Every four years, the report will include all the other segments. This year’s report identifies the following breakdown of the total Nevada Green House Gas emissions (based on 2016 data): • Transportation – 35 % • Electricity Generation – 32 % • Industry – 15 % • Residential and Commercial – 10 % • Waste – 4 % • Agriculture – 4 %

It’s worth noting that the report presents context for the amount of Green House Gas that Nevada is thought to contribute to the amount of the overall Green House Gas created by the United States. Nevada’s population is 0.90 percent of the US total

28 FEBRUARY 2020

population and the 2016 data indicates that Nevada’s total is 0.68 of a percent of the nation’s Green House Gas emission. The data is discovered through the use of a computer model, developed using the 2018 release of the EPA's (United States Environmental Protection Agency) State Inventory Tool. Results are arrived at by plugging in Nevada-related numbers and the worksheet grinds out the results. For agricultural information, the input source is the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Agricultural Statistics Service. When Nevada ranchers and farmers respond to the regular survey requests from the Ag Statistics Service, they are entering the livestock population and crop production information that will be used to eventually create the output of how much blame they are to be given for Green House Gas emissions. SB 254 lays out Nevada Green House Gas reduction goals, using the calculations of 2005 as the base year. Reduction targets are for 28 percent less by 2025, 45 percent less by 2030 and zero or near-zero by 2050. These goals are tied to the levels called for in the Paris Climate Agreement, which the United States is pulling out of, using the mechanism within the agreement for withdrawal. By the end of the calendar year, the United States will not be part of the agreement, but Nevada and 24 other states, who are members of the U.S. Climate Alliances are working to do their respective shares to accomplish the objectives in spite of the non-participation of the federal government. In making the projections for the future, the report indicates a reason for concern. At the present pace, Nevada is expected to fall short of the mark of 28 percent reduction in the year 2025, reaching only a 24 percent level of reduction in that year.

Worse are the estimated shortfall for the For Agriculture: year 2030, falling 19 percent below the The types of Green House Gases attributed target of a 45 percent reduction. to agriculture include: Drastic needs could easily call for drastic means to address this slippage and the report lays out possible actions to take in getting back on track. Without saying the outlined policy ideas are locked and loaded, the report notes, “the policies included under each GHG emitting sector are intended to be illustrative, but not exclusive, of potential policies for further review and consideration.

For the prime targets for corrective policies, transportation, which includes basically anything that has an engine and moves (including farm equipment)…the official definition is: “The transportation sector includes all mobile sources of emissions. That is, highway vehicles, aircraft, locomotives, marine vessels, and all manner of motorized nonroad equipment and vehicles such as construction equipment, farm equipment, airport ground support equipment, and recreational vehicles.” -- Nevada Statewide Greenhouse Gas Emission Inventory and Projections…1990 – 2039

CO2 - Carbon Dioxide CH4 - Methane

N2O - Nitrous Oxide The activities which farmers and ranchers engage in, as they farm and ranch, that is the cause of the Green House Gas emissions include: • Liming of soils

• Urea fertilizer use

• Enteri Fermentation (for those who might not recognize what this is…cows burbing as they chew their cuds) • Manure management

• Agricultural residue burning

• Agricultural soil management (also known as “tillage”) Even though agriculture is rather low on the list for contributing to Green House Gas emission, the report presents these policy ideas for the necessary corrections to bring Green House Gas emissions into line with the intended goals…

Adopting the California emission standards is suggested as the Number 1 possible policy action as well as an effort to reduce the amount of miles traveled. The mileage reduction concept includes the linkage of “adopt pricing strategies such as increasing fuel taxes to reduce single occupant vehicle usage/driving of personal vehicles.”

• Agricultural Land Activities Promote incentives for the silvopasture practices.

The plan for electric generation calls for, “adopt a Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS) of 100% by or before 2050 and phase-out all portfolio energy credit (the credits used to comply with the RPS) multipliers.”

• Carbon Sequestration Provide incentives to sequester carbon through land restoration and retirement, thereby removing highly erodible or environmentally sensitive land from agricultural production.

The Progressive Rancher

Management and provide adoption of

• Promote manure and nitrogen fertilizer management practices that reduce GHG emissions. • Promote practices to reduce emissions from enteric fermentation.

www.progressiverancher.com


• Promote “no till” and “low till” farmland management practices to protect soil from erosion. • Promote hedgerow, windbreaks, and shelterbelts best practices to protect soil from erosion.

• Explore opportunities and incentives to increase carbon sequestration on agricultural and range lands Those who are in charge of government regulations in Nevada are pretty serious about carrying out the necessary steps to accomplish the mission of bringing Nevada’s 0.68 of a percent of the nation’s Green House Gas emission to zero – or near zero in 2050. On November 22, 2019, Nevada Governor Steve Sisolak issued Executive Order 2019-22 directing that “State agencies within the Executive branch of Nevada government shall collaborate, as applicable, to advance Nevada’s climate goals.” Section 6 of the Executive Order gives an overview example of the “all hands on deck” approach that is going to be carried out… “SECTION 6: The administration shall identify and evaluate policies and regulatory strategies, including but not limited to those identified pursuant to Senate Bill 254, to achieve reductions in greenhouse gas emissions, consistent with Nevada’s commitment as a member of the U.S. Climate Alliance, across all categories of emission sources, and to further Nevada’s resilience to climate change. Such policies and regulatory strategies shall include, but not be limited to, the following: A. Comprehensive economy-wide or sector-specific programs to reduce carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gas pollution across Nevada, including market-based mechanisms that may be appropriate for Nevada’s greenhouse gas emissions profile; www.progressiverancher.com

B. Support for transportation electrification and demand management, including infrastructure, fleet procurement, alternative funding mechanisms and other programs;

Alkar

C. Building codes, and other programs to increase residential and commercial building energy efficiency; and D. Enhancement of climate resiliency and mitigation of the impacts of climate change in urban and rural areas, including adoption of approaches to increase conservation, restoration and management of Nevada’s forests, rangelands, and water resources.

Hercules

Moving forward: In closing and returning to the main purpose for offering this information, Nevada citizens need to carefully review the “Nevada Statewide Greenhouse Gas Emission Inventory and Projections…1990 – 2039” report and consider the ramifications of what is being proposed. The 2020 election process should offer a great forum for citizens to use in connection with candidates who will be representing them in the 2021 Nevada Legislature. There should be no hesitation to ask questions and discuss the details of where Nevada government is heading. Agriculture and other sectors of the economy need to be fully engaged, working to do better in conservation… improving efficiency and effectiveness. While it might be more of the farming/ ranching culture and the nature of those who are involved, but past success has more frequently gained on the basis of voluntary and incentive self-driven initiatives – as opposed to government command and control mandates.

One of two grasses that does well on low fertility or high alkali soils! Hercules will establish on soils with a PH as high as 10.1 More forage and better quality than Alkar or Jose Good growth early in the spring As with Newhy, be sure to graze before heading Over 40 years experience

Time will tell the eventual course that this issue will cover…

The Progressive Rancher

Greenway Seeds Caldwell, Idaho Alan Greenway, Seedsman Cell: (208) 250-0159 Msg: (208) 454-8342 www.greenwayseeds.com FEBRUARY 2020 29


Nevada Farm Bureau

101st American Farm Bureau Federation Annual Meeting By Brittney Pericoli, Director of Communications Nevada Farm Bureau was honored to have been a part of the 101st American Farm Bureau Federation (AFBF) Annual Meeting. This year’s annual meeting was held in Austin, Texas January 17 through January 22.

Farm Bureau has been awarded this recognition by AFBF for the state Farm Bureau’s advocacy program. We strive to represent Farm Bureau members through policy, legislative and regulatory activities.

The AFBF annual meeting is a special time for Farm Bureau members from every state to come together to meet, mingle and discuss topics facing farmers and ranchers across the U.S.

Another exciting highlight from this year’s annual meeting was President Trump speaking for the third consecutive year in a row.

This year Nevada Farm Bureau had 19 members attended the conference. Attendees have a wide variety of activates to choose from that interest all age groups. The schedule included: Ag tours, Young Farmers & Ranchers (YF&R) discussion meet, workshops, trade show, discussion panels, awards and a fun run. This year was extra special for the Nevada Farm Bureau taking home two awards one for membership gain and one for advocacy work.

“If we want America to thrive and grow, we must ensure American Farmers flourish and prosper and that’s what we are doing,” said Trump. The President highlighted all the great work he has done for Farmers and Ranchers throughout his presidency so far. One highlight included the 83% approval rating amongst farmers and ranchers. Other topics included virtually eliminating the death tax the United StatesMexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA) and the China trade deal.

Attendees greatly appreciated Trump’s speech and look forward to the coming year with an optimistic future. Nevada Farm Bureau members looks forward to the coming year with new ideas and knowledge gained from this years AFBF 101st Annul Meeting.

American Farm Bureau Federation President Zippy Duvall recognizing Nevada Farm Bureau President Bevan Lister for a membership gain.

Trump concluded his speech with an encouraging The first award was for 2019 Membership Recognition. message to farmers and ranchers that the China Deal This award is given to states who exceeded their will eliminate market barriers and open markets for membership quota for the year. We thank all of our American beef, pork, poultry, seafood, soybeans, rice, members for making this award possible we could not dairy, infant formula, animal feed, biotechnology and more. have done it without you. The second award the Nevada Farm Bureau received was the AFBF Achievement Award for Advocacy work in 2019. This marks the third consecutive year that Nevada

“My administration is fighting for the American farmer and it’s been fighting for the farmer and the rancher every single day,” said Trump.

We were excited to have such a big group represent Nevada at the American Farm Bureau Federation 101st Annual Meeting.

30 FEBRUARY 2020

The Progressive Rancher

www.progressiverancher.com


UPCOMING SALE Friday, March 6 Cottonwood, CA Consignment Deadline: Thursday, February 27

Wednesday, April 15 Visalia, CA

Consignment Deadline: Monday, March 30 WATCH & LISTEN TO THE SALE on the Web at:

For details call (530) 347-3793 or the representative nearest you: Gary Nolan

Mark Venturacci

(775) 934-5678

(775) 427-8713

Elko, NV

Fallon, NV

Steve Lucas

Paradise Valley, NV

(775) 761-7575

Brad Peek — (916) 802-7335 or email us at wvm@wvmcattle.com Look for the catalog and video on www.wvmcattle.com

Market your cattle with the professionals!

www.progressiverancher.com

The Progressive Rancher

FEBRUARY 2020 31


AG I S OU R MIDDLE NAME

Call 800.800.4865 today or visit AgLoan.com

We see things from the ground up, all of the small details that go into the big picture of farming. Because agriculture is what we know, it’s all we do.

32 FEBRUARY 2020

A part of the Farm Credit System. Equal Opportunity Lender.

The Progressive Rancher

www.progressiverancher.com


NRRC To Increase Awareness of Wildfire on Ranching and Rural Communities in 2020 Contact: Rachel Buzzetti 775 224-2697 In 2018 rangeland wildfires burned thousands of acres in Nevada including several “megafires” of 1000,000 acres or larger. Those blazes included the 436,000 acre (approximately 680 square miles) Martin Fire and 233,000 acre (365 square miles) South Sugarloaf Fire. In 2019 the acreage burned was considerably less, but the threat remains.

While the media across the West reported the size of the fires and that “no structures were burned”, usually lacking in media coverage was the impact on ranchers and rural communities. In 2019 the Nevada Rangeland Resources Commission approved significant funding to increase urban Nevadan’s awareness of the impact wildfires have, not only on the public lands habitat, but also ranch families, rural communities and wildlife.

NRRC will continue with their successful use of television documentaries, advertising and social media to promote public land ranching in 2020. They have approved funding for a new documentary on wildfire currently in production and scheduled to air in 2020. The new, made for television film, will focus on the past, present and future impact of wildfire on ranch families and ranch production.

Ranchers featured will include; The Espils in northern Washoe County, Dave Cassinelli, Steve Lucas, Pete and Kathy Marvel in Paradise Valley, Pete and Rama Paris, Dave & Bonnie Little and Tom Barnes near Harrison Pass. All contributed significant time to the filming efforts. Golden Productions, a Reno and San Diego based video production company was approved to continue to produce NRRC’s television and social media efforts.

In addition to television, NRRC will continue to utilize social media as an important tool to expand the public land rancher message. In the first quarter of 2020, NRRC will launch another social media campaign on Facebook to appeal to a younger audience. Hosts selected for the series will once again, be young Nevadans with ranching backgrounds. The young hosts, Lewis Mendive and Katlyn Uhart, will primarily address public land rancher’s concerns about wildfire.

In 2019 they hosted 3 segments on Facebook that covered the need for management of wild horses. Those segments prompted hundreds of responses allowing further response and dialogue supporting rancher’s management solutions to the problem. All the social media segments can be viewed on the NRRC website by clicking the menu item “advertising campaigns”. Nevada ranchers with public land grazing allotments fund the NRRC based on the number of AUMs they are authorized to graze on their respective allotments. The NRRC is governed by a commission of nine voting members. These members are nominated through each of the grazing boards: Nevada Cattlemen's Association, Nevada Woolgrowers and the Farm Bureau; then appointed by the Governor. Current commissioners include: Hank Vogler; Chairman, Rama Paris; Vice Chairman, Joe Kircher, Richard Huntsburger, Bert Paris, Mitch Heguy, and Bevan Lister and. Mel Hummel. According to the National Interagency Fire Center a record 1,001,996 acres of Nevada rangeland burned in 2018. Considerably fewer acres were consumed in a wetter 2019. Final figures for 2019 were unavailable at press time.

iwjv.org |  intermountainwestjv

New Study Highlights Ranching Decision-Making New research finds ranchers consider diverse factors in managing their land The majority of the scarce wetlands in the Intermountain West are located on private ranchlands. While the persistence of these “working wetlands” depends on the management decisions of ranchers, their perspectives are often missing from conservation and policy-making discussions. The diverse factors that influence how ranchers manage their land were the focus of a recent collaborative human dimensions study co-produced by a team from Virgina Tech, University of Montana, Partners for Conservation, and the Intermountain West Joint Venture. Funding support for the study was provided by the USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service in Oregon and the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Mountain-Prairie Region.

The research team hosted two landowner-listening workshops, a model developed by PFC, and invited various landowners and conservation professionals to encourage dialogue between the two parties. As a landowner-led organization, PFC played a key role in the successful implementation of the workshops. The resulting study on the human dimensions of ranch management, led by Virginia Tech assistant professor Ashley Dayer and her graduate student Mary Sketch (M.S. '18) was recently published in Rangeland Ecology and Management. “This research is ground-breaking in that it helps conservation professionals understand the social context of agricultural irrigation decision-making in the West,” said Dave Smith, Intermountain West Joint Venture Coordinator. “The findings will enable the conservation community to increasingly support agricultural irrigators in continuing to provide vital habitat for wetland-dependent birds on working lands.” This study specifically focused on choices about flood irrigation. When water from flood irrigation flows from the ditches, saturates fields, and seeps into the groundwater, it provides forage for cattle to graze on while providing rich habitat for migrating and breeding waterbirds like ducks and cranes, as well as sage-grouse, an iconic ground-dwelling bird in decline. The research team aimed to facilitate a better understanding of how conservation professionals could work with ranchers towards conservation and wildlife management goals.

Listening turned out to be an effective conservation tool, and the team that co-produced this study hopes this work continues to change how conservation professionals and ranchers work together. www.progressiverancher.com

The Progressive Rancher

FEBRUARY 2020 33


Maternal Value Added Bull Sale

If you want bulls backed by powerful cow families, this is the source for those kind of bulls!

THURS., FEBRUARY 27, 2020

1 pm MST • At the farm • Blackfoot, ID Selling 60 Angus and Hereford Bulls PLUS Select group of commercial heifers

Progeny out of these sell !

P43566921 WHITEHAWK WARRIOR 845C ET

BW 2.3 WW 66 YW 100 M 36 MRB .36 REA .77

18579158 S A V WIDE CUT 6081

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P43506386 WSF HOME SCHOOLED B76 ET

BW 0.0 WW 46 YW 66 M 17 MRB .12 REA .49

+*17921486 S A V PATERNAL 4484

BW 1.6 WW 54 YW 104 M 24 MRB .63 REA .51

+17910181

P43477712 WSF HEREFORD LADY A114 ET

BW 2.3 WW 53 YW 79 M 32 MRB -.03 REA .59

WSF 624 MISS RESOURCE B18

BW 3.3 WW 51 YW 95 M 19 MRB I-.05 REA I+.60

• Free delivery within 400 miles • Free boarding for 30 days • Wintering programs available until time of need • Purchase a bull and you will be entered in a drawing for a spring yearling heifer • Volume Discounts - Three bulls or more at 5%

673 N 825 W • Blackfoot, ID 83221 woodenshoefarms@gmail.com

Neal & Shelly 208-680-0320 208-684-5252

Brad & Brittney 208-604-0235

Steve & Alicia 208-681-4169 208-589-0870

EPDs as of 1/20/20

34 FEBRUARY 2020

The Progressive Rancher

www.progressiverancher.com


Balancing Calving Ease Priorities in Heifer Mating K-State beef experts weigh factors in breeding decisions

One of the most exciting times of the year on cow/calf operations is when the calves are born and producers can see the results of their breeding decisions.

Experts from the Beef Cattle Institute at Kansas State University say it can also be stressful and costly if those mating decisions lead to calving difficulties, which is why much care needs to be taken when planning those matings. As bull buying season approaches, selecting the right bull to match with the heifers was a discussion topic during a recent podcast with the team at the Beef Cattle Institute.

Beef extension specialist Bob Weaber advised producers begin by evaluating the type of breeding system they need to be successful. “Think about what types of bulls you are going to turn out on what groups of females to define what the calving ease need really is.”

One evaluation tool that producers can use in making that decision are Expected Progeny Differences, or EPDs, which are the estimates of the genetic value of the parents to project the calf ’s performance. EPDs are estimated on a variety of traits among the beef breeds. The direct (CE or CED) and maternal calving ease (CEM or MCE) EPDs are often a consideration in heifer matings. The greater the number, the lower the risk for calving difficulty, Weaber said. Calving ease EPDs are expressed in percentage units of unassisted births. For example, a bull with a calving ease EPD of 12 is expected to have 7% more unassisted births from first calf heifers than a bull with a CE EPD of 5.

“Calving ease is one of the first things to think about when selecting the types of bulls to breed heifers,” said veterinarian Bob Larson. However, he cautioned that producers shouldn’t just isolate their decision to that one criterion. “Selecting for very high levels of calving ease will lead to lighter calf birthweights over time, and could lead to calf survival issues if taken to the extreme,” Weaber said. He cited an example: “A bull with a calving ease EPD of 20 will typically sire calves with a shorter gestation and lighter birthweight than a bull with a calving ease EPD of 7. But there are potentially other problems to think about such as a light birthweight calf born in a snowstorm. The hypothermia issue is a much greater concern than the two assists a producer might have with a less extreme EPD.” Speaking about Angus sires, Weaber said that bulls in the 7-9 range for calving ease EPD (breed average) matched with heifers will have an expected dystocia rate in the single digits. In other words, the risk for calving difficulty is low. The experts agreed it is important for producers to find a balance in the traits.

“A small breeder who is going to use the same bull on the heifers and mature cows shouldn’t base the breeding decision solely on calving ease or they’ll be disappointed in the performance of the offspring from those matings,” Weaber said, noting that when speaking about performance, he is referring to the growth traits in the calves.

If females born to first-calf heifers bred to calving ease sires will be retained in the herd, Larson and Weaber advised that cow/calf producers include the maternal calving ease EPD in their decision. Another factor to consider is the time of year the calves will be born.

“Calves born in the summer or fall tend to be lighter calves than calves born in the winter due to the seasonality affect,” Larson said. Weaber encouraged producers to use all their mating evaluation tools when planning for the optimum herd performance. www.progressiverancher.com

Calving Ease EPDs is one criterion for consideration when deciding heifer matings, say experts at K-State's BCI

He said: “There has been enough advancement with genomics and selection that we can have really acceptable levels of calving ease with outstanding levels of performance. Don’t immediately discount when buying a calving ease bull the performance of the calves coming from that mating. We can have both pieces today.” More information on this topic is available on a weekly podcast produced by the Beef Cattle Institute. The following January Podcasts can be found here https://ksubci.org/2020/01/

Mud Control, Listener Question, Colostrum Management, Top Tips for Managing Colostrum, Recruitment & Retention, Electronic ID Tags Year End Reviews, Purchasing Heifer Bulls, Top Criteria for Selecting Heifer Bulls, Listener Question, Upcoming Events

Mock Trace Event, KFMA Research, Record Keeping in the New Year, Top Areas to Keep Records in the New Year, Listener Question, Hay Feeding Influence on Calving For more on BCI Cattle Chat, follow us on Twitter @The_BCI, and check out our new website, ksubci.org. If you have any comments/questions/topic ideas, please send them to bci@ksu.edu.

BCI Cattle Chat Checklist

The Top 7 Criteria for Picking a Bull for Replacement Heifers 1. Use the factors below to describe the level of calving ease performance needed. 2. Decide if the bull will be used only to breed replacement heifers or also used to breed cows. 3. Know the calf marketing plan so that the calf raised has value beyond being alive. 4.

Consider the calving season to include the Calving Ease EPD requirement because winter born calves typically have heavier birth weights than summer or fall born calves.

5. Determine the breed of the bull you are going select and how that fits into your crossbreeding program. 6. Decide whether or not replacements from this mating will be retained. 7. Understand the current level of calving ease performance in first calf heifers and cows.

The Progressive Rancher

FEBRUARY 2020 35


Churchill County Cowbelles Update by Susan Van Patten, President

I spent most of my adult life earning my living as a special education teacher and a culinary arts teacher. At a workshop or class, I remember the instructor discussing what we really want for our children. He did so by asking us to think about what we really wanted for our own children. My answer as well as most of the class was for them to be happy. It is amazing how asking that one question makes one stop and think. To raise an individual that is happy requires a great deal of both the parent and the child. The answer lies not in things, but in providing children with opportunities to explore, experiment, to learn, to make decisions, and to accept the results of those decisions.

January is a time of reflection and planning for all of us; Cowbelles is no exception. We are reviewing our mission, our resources, and how we utilize those resources to accomplish our mission. At our meeting last week, we modified our Mission Statement to read as follows:

With this viewpoint in mind I am very proud I am part of an organization that supports its graduating seniors by awarding two scholarships to students attending Churchill County High School and one scholarship to students graduating from the Oasis Academy. This is a short straight forward application that a standing committee evaluates and selects the recipients.

Churchill County Cowbelles’ mission is to promote the Beef and Agricultural Industries in the community, schools and youth organizations in Churchill County.

This year we are to increase the amount of the award by one hundred dollars because we are partnering with Jack Payne. Each scholarship is valued at $600.00 and is a one-time award. Individuals interested in applying for this scholarship can pick up an application from their guidance office. Deadlines are important when applying for scholarships, so be sure to verify due dates with your guidance counselor.

Two $600 Scholarships to be awarded to Seniors

January is flying by and we are gearing up for The Fallon Bull Sale and the Cowbelles Annual Dinner and Dance that supports the Bull Sale as well as funds our projects to accomplish our mission. The Bull Sale and Dinner have a long history in Fallon, fifty plus years. The Bull Sale began in 1966, and the Cowbelle Dinner soon followed. Initially the Cowbelles served their dinner in the banquet room of a local restaurant called Leno’s in 1966. It was located where Taco Bell is now. Over the years the menu changed as well as the location. With support from the Cattleman’s Association Cowbelles cater a dinner at the Fallon Convention Center followed by a dance. This year it is on February 14 with the doors opening at 5:30 PM for a cocktail hour, dinner is served from 6 PM until 8 PM. A dance follows the dinner and ends at 11 PM. Todd Moretto from Auditory Sensations is the DJ; he has a great reputation on Fallon.

Two points come to mind when reflecting on the scholarships. First, these scholarships can be applied to vocational or technical schools as well colleges and universities. As a possible recipient of the scholarship it is important to remember that we, (Cowbelles) are very proud of our background or our association with the beef and agricultural industries. It is important to us that the individuals receiving these awards can visualize the connection between their career path and these industries.

Churchill County Cowbelles

Annual Bull Sale Dinner & Dance Friday, February 14 Fallon Convention Center

5:30 PM Doors Open | 6:30-8:00 PM Dinner 8:00 PM - 11:00 PM Dance $20.00 Dinner& Dance | $5.00 Dance

DINNER

Santa Marie Grilled Tri Tip Cowbelles Potatoes Mixed Field Greens Salad with assorted dressings Green Beans with caramelized onion & bacon Assorted Cowbelle Desserts

This Dinner Dance supports the Nevada Cattlemen’s Fallon Bull Sale and is the major Fund Raiser for the Churchill County Cowbells community activities. • • • • • •

Provides Three Scholarships for graduating Seniors Sponsors the Junior Cattleman’s Award associated with the Livestock Show Sponsors the Churchill County Jr. Livestock Sale in conjunction with the Beef Carcass Contest Sponsors the Teacher of the Year Award Sponsors the Young Cattleman’s Award for young cattlemen in the community Sponsors youth & educational activities that support & promote our area’s beef & agriculture industry

Remember to support FFA by purchasing a raffle ticket for the heifer at the Bull Sale!

36 FEBRUARY 2020

The Progressive Rancher

www.progressiverancher.com


Churchill County Cowbelles

Our Favorite Beef Recipes: Tri-Tip

One tri-tip receipe is a very simple rub, while the other is more complex and has a little heat. The red wine vinegar acts as a tenderizer on the connective tissue; it dissolves the collagen, but not the tougher elastin.

COWBELLES TRI-TIP

SANTA MARIA STYLE TRI-TIP & SPICE RUB

Ingredients:

Ingredients:

3 pounds trimmed sirloin steak

3 pounds trimmed sirloin steak - tri tip 1/4 cup red wine vinegar or red wine for spraying

1/4 cup red wine vinegar or red wine for spraying RUB

RUB

Add soaked wood chips to fire, if using.

2 tablespoons paprika 2 teaspoons chili powder 1/2 teaspoon cayenne pepper 1 tablespoon cumin 1 tablespoon dark brown sugar 1-1/2 teaspoons granulated sugar 1 teaspoon garlic powder 1 teaspoon onion powder 1 tablespoon salt 2 teaspoons freshly ground black pepper

Place tri-tip over fire, fat side up and the meat caramelized. Spray with the red wine

Combine all dry rub ingredients in a small container and set aside.

2 tablespoons freshly ground black pepper 1-1/2 tablespoons kosher salt 3 tablespoons garlic powder Instructions: Mix together seasonings and rub into both sides of meat. Prepare a charcoal or gas grill for indirect (one side of grill) heating.

Turn over and brown the other side, caramelize the meat, and spray with the red wine vinegar. Monitor the meat and continue to cook to desired doneness. Remove from grill and rest for 15 minutes. Slice across the grain.

Instructions: Trim the silver skin and fat layer from the trip tip. Place the tri-tip on a sheet of plastic wrap. Generously coat the tri-tip with about 4 tablespoons of dry rub, 2 tablespoons on each side. Store extra dry rub in an airtight container for later use. Tightly wrap the seasoned tri-tip and refrigerate until ready to use. Allow the rub to settle into the meat for at least 3 hours up to 3 days. When ready to grill, remove the seasoned tri-tip from the refrigerator and allow to come to room temperature, about 1 hour. Clean grill and lightly oil using a paper towel dipped in vegetable oil. Heat the grill to medium-high if using a gas grill. Once grill is very hot, place the meat on the grill, searing one side for 10 minutes with the lid open. Spray with red wine vinegar or red wine. Turn tri-tip over and sear for another 10 minutes.Spray with red wine vinegar or red wine Turn heat down to medium and close the lid. Allow the meat to cook for about 15-25 minutes, checking temperature until the thickest part of the meat reaches 120-125∞F (medium rare), 130-135∞F (medium doneness). The meat will continue to cook after being removed from the heat, so stop cooking at a temperature a few degrees lower than the desired doneness. Remove the tri-tip from the grill and allow to rest wrapped loosely in foil for at least 15 minutes before slicing. The foil will catch any juices from the meat, which can be added back to the meat after slicing for more flavor. Thinly slice the tri-tip against the grain. Serve with your favorite BBQ sauce or on a French roll.

www.progressiverancher.com

The Progressive Rancher

FEBRUARY 2020 37


Snyder's Pinenut Livestock Vaccination Clinic with The High Desert Grange

 38 FEBRUARY 2020

The Progressive Rancher

www.progressiverancher.com


High Desert Grange youth gathered at Snyder Livestock Supply to learn how to give proper injections. Patrick Snyder instructed the youth how to give an intermuscular shot, showed the correct area for IM injections, and demonstrated how to deliver Sub Q (subcutaneous, under the skin) injections. The adults present also appreciated learning about proper injection sites and techniques.

GRANGE The Gateway to Friendship, Family & Community To learn more about The High Desert Grange, visit

Fallon: 8-5:30 M-F Gardnerville: 8-5 M-F Snyders Pinenut Livestock Supply

800-513-4963 • www.pinenutlivestocksupply.com

grange.org/highdesertnv22  highdesertgrange22 highdesertgrange22 @gmail.com www.progressiverancher.com

Complete selection of animal health products, feed, and equipment for beef, dairy, equine, sheep, goat and small animal. Well-trained staff help make the right decision for any size herd. Our Fallon & Gardnerville stores can ship next-day. The Progressive Rancher

FEBRUARY 2020 39


SALT TOLERANT AND DROUGHT-HARDY VARIETIES AVAILABLE

Conventional Alfalfa Varieties 

Cinch I (ML)

Ladak Vernal

6585Q

WL-343HQ WL-354HQ

Ranger Common

6305Q

WL-363HQ

6442Q

Ron’s Blend

6401N Alfalfa Spreador5 919 Brand

Round Up Ready Alfalfas 6409 HVXR 6497R Mutiny 6516R Revolt WL 336 HQRR WL 356 HQRR WL 372 HQRR

FD 4 4 4.3 5 6 3 4 5

WH Lowlignin VH VH H VH VH VH

Grain & Miscellaneous Oats • Cayuse • Monida Wheat • Twin • PR 1404 • Patrone Peas Corn Sorghum Sudan • BMR • Piper Sudan • Sweet RN Honey

Triticale • Forerunner • Merlin Ryegrain • Gazelle - Spring • Prima - Fall • VNS Beardless Barley Eureka Chowford Stockford Milo

Dryland & Reclamation Seed Wheatgrasses Nordan Crested New Hy/Saltlander Bluebunch Hycrest Crested Siberian Wheatgrass Oahe Intermediate Pubescent Indian Ricegrass Big Sagebrush Forage Kochia

Immigrant Kochia Snowstorm (New) Great Basin Wild Rye Roadcrest Tall Wheatgrass Shadescale 4 Wing Saltbush Garrison Creeping Meadow Foxtail Range Changer

We Have Varieties Available That are Organically Approved & Non Detect Non GMO Free Seed

Clovers Alsike Ladino Red Clover Strawberry White Dutch Yellow Blossom Trefoil

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YOUR SEED, FERTILIZER & CHEMICAL HEADQUARTERS FOR NEVADA The Progressive Rancher

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FEBRUARY 2020 41


42 FEBRUARY 2020

The Progressive Rancher

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w w w. g r e e n w a y s e e d a n d i n d u s t r i e s . c o m We have sold out by March 1st each of the last 3 years. Order early! The Progressive Rancher

FEBRUARY 2020 43


10th Annual Western States Ranch Rodeo Association National Finals By Naomi Loomis, WSRRA Association Representative The 10th Annual Western States Ranch Rodeo Association National Finals presented by Protect the Harvest and Lucas Oil, was held October 31 November 3 at the Winnemucca Events Complex in Winnemucca, Nevada. The Western States Ranch Rodeo Association (WSRRA) continues to experience solid support in thirteen states and Canada with teams coming from as far away as Nebraska, South Dakota and Wyoming. Established in 2010, the WSRRA has experienced incredible growth, each year growing in number of events and members. The association has more than 600 members.

Throughout 2019, WSRRA sanctioned more than 34 open ranch rodeos, 20 women’s ranch rodeos, 25 women's steer stoppings and over 100 ranch bronc riding events. The top open and women’s teams from each of the ranch rodeos, and the top 15 women’s steer stoppers, and top 15 ranch bronc riders competed for cash and prizes at the National Finals. Prizes included Gist buckles, Yeti coolers, Twisted X boots, silver stirrups, Cowboy’s Choice feed, custom made gear made by Ricardo’s Saddlery and John Mincer, Joe Benner halters, Trina Webb stirrups, and custom-made hats donated by Chaz Mitchell Hatz. For the second year in a row, the WSRRA added a Jr/Sr Division. This division required two seniors age 17 or over and two juniors ages 12-16 to compete in six events. Six teams competed in ranch horse, branding, tie down steer, sort and rope, trailer loading and team roping. This added event was one of our highlights of this year national finals. The 2019 WSRRA Cowboy Crisis silent auction recipients were TJ Thompson/Pat Stanford and Joel Baer. The silent auction was very successful, with a grand total raised $18,000.

The Nationals Finals kicked off Thursday with the women's long go working ranch horse, followed by women’s team roping, trailer loading, tie-down steer roping, sort & rope doctoring, and team branding. A huge variety of vendors participated in the Christmas Buckaroo Trade Show and the WSRRA Cowboy Crisis silent auction began. Jackpot roping events finished the action for the day. The jackpot team roping winners were Jared Parke and Dan Webb, in the Big Loop, John Schutte and Ira Walker in the team roping and Candida Eldridge in the women’s steer stopping. This year the WSRRA also added open  44 FEBRUARY 2020

steer stopping with the winner going to Kyler Ericcson and a break a-way roping and the winner was Lindy Lehman.

Sunday, November 3th, WSRRA held a well-attended Cowboy Church with Bo and Kathy Lowe. After Cowboy Church, Friday, November 1, one member of each WSRRA held the short go of the national open team and jr/sr teams started the day finals for the open and women's divisions showing off their highly skilled ranch and the final rounds of PWHRA wild horses. Then the teams competed in long horse racing, women’s steer stopping and go events of load & tie and team roping. WSRRA ranch bronc riding. At the end The evening’s performance featured a of the afternoon, champions were crowned "Tough Enough to Wear Pink" theme. with Gist Silver buckles, Twisted X Grand Marshall, Charlotte Thompson boots, Yeti coolers, homemade headstalls and 3rd Annual Nelo Mori Heritage by Ricardo’s Saddlery with Mincer of Ranching Award, Petan Company Silversmith WSRRA conchos, Cowboy’s - YP Ranch and the Jackson Family, Choice bag of feed and silver stirrups by made an exciting grand entrance in a Weber Stirrups. refurbished horse drawn stagecoach. If The United States Marine Corps Mounted that wasn’t enough, the first two rounds Color Guard has represented the Marine of the Professional Wild Horse Racers Corps in events across the United States Association (PWHRA) national finals got for the last 52 years. This year, the WSRRA everyone’s blood pumping! Rodeo clown, was honored to have the United States Tuffy Gessling entertained the crowd with Mounted Color Guard at all four of our his rope tricks and laughs. In between performances. The Marines were riding specialty acts, WSRRA ranch bronc riders wild palomino mustangs, adopted from competed in two rounds and open and the Bureau of Land Management’s “Adopt women’s teams showed their talents in a Horse” program. Staff Sergeant Esteban featured performances. Jauregui (How-Diggy) is the Staff NonSaturday morning started with two Commissioned Officer-in-Charge of the rounds of Women's Steer Stopping Mounted Color Guard, and this unit is rounds 1 & 2, followed by open team stationed at Marine Corps Logistics Base, and jr/sr teams long go’s of sort & rope in Barstow, California. doctoring, and team branding. Later in The WSRRA scholarship fundraiser the day, WSRRA National Sponsor, the featured a pair of custom crafted spurs Boot Barn, sponsored a dummy roping graciously donated by Mincer Silversmith, contest and a stick horse barrel race for a Chaz Mitchell Custom 100X hat, and the kids. Gist Buckles were given as prizes. a Henry rifle. The custom-made spurs The third annual Great Basin Gathering; was won by Johnny Callahan, the Chaz music, poetry and trading gear was a Mitchell hat was won by Matt Jaguer and spotlighted event. Adding to our Saturday the rifle was won by John Owen. Thank activities, Last Dash 4 Cash, produced by you to all that purchased raffle tickets. Lindsey Tregellas, added a barrel racing in the neighboring arena. After the long Congratulations to all the contestants go performance, the arena featured the not just the winners. First time visitors to John Lewis Memorial Family Branding, the event were totally impressed with the won by Garret Brown, Bailey Bachman, quality of the competition and the stock. Quinn Mori and Asher Freeman all took A huge thank you to all the office help, home a Gist Silversmiths buckles. As the chute help, announcers, judges, vendors sun was going down, the second evening and stock contractors. performance started. This performance The WSRRA wouldn’t be around without was full of Wild West action and western the help of our sponsors and major traditions. Featured performances of more supporters which include: our premier of the open and women’s teams, along presenting sponsor Protect the Harvest and with two rounds each of PWHRA and Lucas Oil. Thank you to the Winnemucca WSRRA ranch bronc riding kept the arena WVCA Board, Ram Trucks/Ram Rodeo, dust stirred up and the crowd’s excitement Boot Barn, 8 Seconds Whisky, Twisted X high! Performances by Tuffy Gessling Boots, Gouveia Ranches, Working Ranch livened up the evening’s fun. Saturday Magazine, Yeti, Gist Silversmiths, Big ended with year-end and long go awards at Bend Trailers and Chaz Mitchell Hatz, J The Winners at Winners WSRRA awards Bar D Canvas & Leather and host hotels, party, followed by dancing to music by Winnemucca Inn and Winners Inn the Jeff Palmer Band, both hosted by the Casino. Make plans to attend a sanctioned Winners Inn & Casino. WSRRA Ranch Rodeo in 2020! The Progressive Rancher

The 2019 Western States Ranch Rodeo World Champions are as follows: World Champion Women’s Steer Stopper: Bailey Bachman Rookie Women’s Steer Stopper Of The Finals: Brynn Lehman WSRRA Year End Champion: Michell Rutan Rookie Women’s Steer Stopper Of The Year: Brynn Lehman World Champion Open Ranch Rodeo Team: Anipro From Nevada Members: Richard Eiguren, Shaun Lequerica, Bryan Grenke, Teo Maestrejuan (Returning) World Champion Women’s Ranch Rodeo Team: Miller Livestock From Idaho Members: Carmen Buckingham, Katie Jo Mcfarlane, Kayla Tiegs And Bailey Bachman World Champion Jr/Sr Team: Kings River Ranch From Montana Members Nate Thompson, Damian Mcgarva, Frank Dominguez, Tj Thompson World Champion Ranch Bronc Rider: Cody Mccarthy WSRRA Bronc Rider Average Champion: Chase Thrall WSRRA Rookie Ranch Bronc Rider Of The Finals: Cody Mccarthy WSRRA Year End Champion: Cody Mccarthy WSRRA Rookie Ranch Bronc Rider Of The Year: Cody Mccarthy 8 Seconds Whiskey Tour Stop Champion: Cody Mccarthy 8 Seconds Whiskey Tour Stop Res. Champion: Joel Baer WSRRA Scholarship Ranch Bronc Rider Champion: Cade Maupin All Around Cowgirl: Carmen Buckingham All Around Cowboy: Tejay Fenster Top Hand Cowgirl: Carmen Buckingham Top Hand Cowboy: Richard Eiguren Jr Top Hands: Damien Mcgarva And Nate Thompson Sr Top Hand: Tj Thompson All Around Ranch Horse – Open: Richard Eiguren All Around Ranch Horse – Women's: Carmen Buckingham Jr/Sr Ranch Horse: Nate Thompson Bronc Of The Year: Broke Evan #4E3 Owned By Triple J Rodeo - James Clark Pick Up Men Of The Year: Dalton Jim Stock Contractor Of The Year: King Rodeo Co. WSRRA Producer Of The Year: Outlaw Bronc -Jess & Kathleen Jones www.progressiverancher.com


Naomi Loomis (WSRRA Representative) with 2019 World Champion Women’s Steer Stopper: Bailey Bachman

Naomi Loomis with Cody McCarthy: 2019 World Champion Ranch Bronc Rider, Rookie Ranch Bronc Rider of the Finals & of the Year, and Year End Champion

Naomi Loomis (WSRRA Representative) with 2019 All Around Cowboy: TeJay Fenster

2019 World Champion Open Ranch Rodeo Team: Anipro from Nevada Members: Richard Eiguren, Shaun Lequerica, Bryan Grenke, Teo Maestrejuan

Naomi Loomis (WSRRA Representative) with 2019 WSRRA Bronc Rider Average Champion: Chase Thrall

Naomi Loomis (WSRRA Representative) with Richard Eiguren: 2019 Top Hand Cowboy & All Around Ranch Horse - Open

(Returning) World Champion Women’s Ranch Rodeo Team: Miller Livestock from Idaho: Carmen Buckingham, Katie Jo Mcfarlane, Kayla Tiegs & Bailey Bachman

8 Seconds Whiskey Tour Stop Res. Champion: Joel Baer (left) 8 Seconds Whiskey Tour Stop Champion: Cody McCarthy (right)

Naomi Loomis (WSRRA Representative) with 2019 Pick Up Men of the Year: Dalton Jim

2019 World Champion Jr/Sr Team: Kings River Ranch from Montana Members: Nate Thompson, Damian Mcgarva, Frank Dominguez, Tj Thompson

Naomi Loomis (WSRRA Representative) with 2019 WSRRA Scholarship Ranch Bronc Rider Champion: Cade Maupin

Naomi Loomis (WSRRA Representative) with 2019 WSRRA Producer Of The Year: Outlaw Bronc - Jess & Kathleen Jones

2019 WSRRA NFR Ranch Bronc Riders: Talon Colby, Colten Miller, Cinch Hebb, Mike McBeth, Charg Hebb, Chase Thrall, Cody McCarthy, Lane Johnson, TeJay Fenster, Lane Barton, Wes Aragon (& AJ Maassen, Donald Papp, Tegan Nevarez, Travon Cowdell)

Naomi Loomis (WSRRA Representative) with Carmen Buckingham: 2019 All Around Cowgirl, Top Hand Cowgirl, and All Around Ranch Horse - Women's.

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The Progressive Rancher

FEBRUARY 2020 45


Nevada Farm Bureau

NEWS & EVENTS

Bureau of Land Management Announces Process For Changes To Grazing Regulations

Don’t Miss Jan. 28 Fallon Meeting On Navy’s Expansion Final EIS

The Bureau of Land Management (BLM) published in the January 21 Federal Register the notice of their plans to prepare an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) to consider proposed revisions to the agency’s grazing regulations. The proposed revisions will update, modernize and streamline the grazing regulations and provide greater flexibility for land and resource management. Through this rulemaking, the BLM seeks to improve existing land-use planning and grazing permitting procedures, while simultaneously promoting public lands conservation. The BLM hopes to improve its stewardship of the nation’s rangeland resources by strengthening controls to prevent unauthorized grazing, enhancing environmental protections across various non-grazing land-use programs, and improving public input opportunities.

A recent NFB newsletter included the announcement of the release of the U.S. Navy’s “Fallon Range Training Complex Modernization Environmental Impact Statement (EIS)”. We noted the clock is now clicking down for the stages of final approval and legislation working through Congress for withdraw of public lands for the Navy’s use.

This will be a full EIS, with a scoping process that has begun with the January 21 announcement. Four scoping meetings are going to be held in February throughout the west, most notably for Nevada to include a public scoping meeting in Elko, NV on February 18 at the Elko Convention Center, 700 Moren Way, from 4:30-7:30 p.m. The other three meetings are going to be held in Miles, Montana; Las Cruces, New Mexico; and Casper, Wyoming.

Scoping comments on the proposed regulation revisions may be submitted in writing until March 6, 2020. Meeting information, announcements, instructions on how to provide comments, and pertinent documents can be found at the BLM website at this link: https://tinyurl.com/ScopingDocs One of the documents which might be useful includes a scoping guide which offers good insight on how to form your scoping input to be effective - see page 47 of this magazine or visit https://tinyurl.com/ScopingGuide to download.

A public meeting to hear about the information in the Final EIS was held Tuesday, January 28 at the Fallon Convention Center in Fallon. If you would like to review the on-line document of the Final EIS, visit: https://tinyurl.com/FinalEIS It’s a pretty hefty sized document to download in one entire document, it might be best to click on selected portions and consider downloading those areas that most interest you.

Nevada Farm Bureau has been reviewing the Final EIS with a specific focus on the section pertaining to livestock grazing. The proposed, “Preferred Alternative” (Alternative 3) has been estimated, by the Navy, to result in the loss of between 6,935 and 11,002 Animal Unit Months (AUMs). A dozen grazing allotments would be impacted to some extent. Compensation, outlined in the Final EIS, or possibly mitigation to the livestock grazing allotment owners is minimal to non-existing (hinting that there might be consideration given to reimbursement for the AUMs that would be lost, within the context of when the respective permit would expire. Further, range improvements that can’t be relocated and water rights are identified as fitting into the context of compensation for their loss, but it would likely be at the determination of the Navy’s assessment for value. The legislative process and language that will spell out the withdraw is the best solution for providing for the compensation of impacts on private property, including all aspects of the impact on the grazing allotments owned by the livestock grazers. Work has been on-going in connection with the Nevada Congressional delegation on this matter.

For more information, contact Seth Flanigan, BLM Project Manager, at 208-384-3450 or sflanigan@blm.gov.

Please Share Your Input On The Humboldt River An opportunity is being provided for Farm Bureau members to offer their input and thoughts on how to deal with conjunctive water management and the conflicts associated with surface and groundwater pumping in the reach of the Humboldt River area. Please visit https://tinyurl.com/WaterPolicySurvey and share your input.

Nevada Farm Conference Dates Set For Fallon’s Convention Center Feb. 20 – 22

Farm Bureau Family Mourns Passing of Bonnie Duvall Bonnie Duvall, wife of American Farm Bureau President Zippy Duvall, lost her courageous battle with cancer. AFBF Vice President Scott VanderWal shared the sad news in a statement. “She was a special member of the Farm Bureau family, from being chosen for the 1982 National Young Farmer and Rancher Award with Zippy, to her travels with him 33 years later when he was elected president of American Farm Bureau. Zippy and Bonnie were partners in every respect for all of their 40 years together.” Anyone wishing to make a donation in Bonnie’s honor may send it to her high school alma mater at the family’s request: Nathanael Greene Academy (PO Box 109, Siloam, GA 30665). In addition, a tribute wall for remembrances and condolences is available online here: https://www.mccommonsfuneralhome.com/notices/Bonnie-Duvall

The Nevada Farm Conference is being planned for Feb. 20 – 22 and will be held at the Fallon Convention Center. Along with getting the dates on your calendar, it might be a good idea to get yourself registered here: https://www.eventbrite.com/e/nevada-farmsconference-tickets-79019761233 For those who have not previously participated, this annual conference is one of the major annual gatherings where several educational tracts are offered to assist exploring agricultural production subjects that you might be inclined to consider. The sessions have also provided a great opportunity for working to enhance building the community of fellow producers.  46 FEBRUARY 2020

The Progressive Rancher

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Scoping Guide

Example of Helpful scoping comment:

What is Scoping and Why is it important? Scoping is an early and open process for determining the scope of the issues to be addressed in a NEPA analysis. Scoping is an opportunity for you to provide input to the Bureau of Land Management’s (BLM) decision-making process. Citizens, stakeholders and interest groups often have valuable information about potential effects that proposed federal actions may have on places and resources they consider important. The BLM is responsible for managing public lands in the public interest, and scoping is your opportunity to work with us so we can take your information into account when developing issues and alternatives. The formal purpose of the public scoping process is to determine relevant issues (and alternatives) that will influence the scope of the environmental analysis and guide the process for developing the environmental document (EA or EIS). The scoping period is the best time to identify all the issues and resources that the agency must consider when preparing an EA or EIS, as well as the potential impacts the proposed action may have on those resources. Scoping comments that point out cause and effect relationships that could be triggered from a proposed action are most useful. The BLM reviews all scoping comments and uses them to identify significant issues.

“Removing the requirement that base property be capable of producing forage or crops and instead have facilities to support livestock, will provide me greater flexibility in how I manage my land, without fear of inadvertently affecting my grazing permit.”

Example of an Unhelpful scoping comment: “Stop closing our roads.”

Tips for providing quality scoping comments: Avoid vague statements or concerns . These don't give the BLM something on which to act. Be as specific as you can.

Use clear, direct language to state your concerns . Use of scientific data and argumentation is not necessary in the scoping phase.

Scoping comments are not votes for or against a proposal . BLM relies on factual information gathered during scoping, not the number of comments received.

Offer an alternative solution to your points of contention . Share your ideas with the BLM.

Provide Your Comments by: Go online at https://go.usa.gov/xyMqb and submit your written comments to the BLM National NEPA Register Website. Attend a Public Open House, fill out a Comment Card and give it to the Open House staff.

A Quality scoping comment:  Identifies specific elements of the environment that might be affected if the proposal is carried out.  Pinpoints cause-and-effect relationships that could result from the proposed action.

 Brings to mind aspects of a proposal the BLM may

Mail your written comments to: Bureau of Land Management, ATTN: Seth Flanigan 3948 S. Development Ave. Boise, ID 83705

not have considered. Before including your address, phone number, email address, or other personal identifying information in your comment, you should be aware that your entire comment – including your personal identifying information – may be made publicly available at any time. While you can ask us in your comment to withhold your personal identifying information from public review, we cannot guarantee that we will be able to do so. www.progressiverancher.com

The Progressive Rancher

FEBRUARY 2020 47