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April 2013

Tested: The 2Y-Link from Leeds Electronics Field Notes: Adding a Physical Presence Under the Skin: Latest Technologies Examined Round-up: Network Fully Functioned Domes


One Card Policies Using technology to simplify access control

TESTED: Video Encoders (Part 2)

SOLUTIONS: Man Management Systems

FINAL bm web house_001_Benchmark_jul11 08/08/2011 16:20 Page 1


Benchmark – dedicated to independent tests, assessments and reviews of security products and solutions

The Benchmark website is a PRODUCT TESTS All tests are fully independent, and manufacturers supplement to the monthly have no involvement in the process. Additionally, Benchmark makes no charge, financially or of any magazine, and includes a variety other kind, for inclusion in tests. All products are selected by an independent team. In short, it’s the of tests and assessments of the only way you can ascertain the truth about product latest products, as well as guides performance! to product selection, technology Tests are carried out by an independent team of experts, telling you the truth about the performance challenges and information about of a wide range of security equipment, warts and all. influential technologies in the CHECK PREVIOUS ISSUES Benchmark back issues are available on-line, in a security sector. All content fully interactive format, and can be accessed free of is taken from the published charge. If Benchmark has tested the product, then you can establish the level of performance expected editions of Benchmark, so you in the field! will not find drafts by GUIDES AND CHALLENGES The Benchmark website includes product guides, manufacturers marketing their highlighting products that have been tested, or that wares or marketing hype that is have been recommended by security installers, system integrators, specifiers and security regurgitated via so many other consultants. There are also Technology Challenges, debunking the hype by reporting real-world channels. The content is written experiences of the various technologies. in plain English, free from technobabble, and reflects STAY UP TO DATE genuine experiences with the Benchmark is always testing and assessing products and technologies. Keep up to date equipment, whether that be with the latest reports by following Benchmark on Twitter. good, bad or indifferent. The website is free to view.

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April 2013

Tested: The 2Y-Link from Leeds Electronics Field Notes: Adding a Physical Presence Under the Skin: Latest Technologies Examined Round-up: Network Fully Functioned Domes


One Card Policies Using technology to simplify access control

TESTED: Video Encoders (Part 2)

SOLUTIONS: Man Management Systems

039_benchmark_April13 07/03/2013 17:05 Page 1

Are you tired of...

...pulling lli b backk carpets??

...carrying tools?

...running cable?

...wiring detectors/ sounders?

...crawling in lofts?

lifting flo oorbo oard ds? ...lifting floorboards?

Then your answer is the Pyronix Enforcer...

about_SEP12_000_Benchmark_may10 08/08/2012 15:09 Page 1

About Benchmark

BENCHMARK Delivering vital information to those involved with specifying or purchasing security solutions enchmark is the only magazine in the security industry dedicated to delivering vital information to those tasked with the specification and/or purchase of security solutions. It achieves this by testing and assessing systems, by analysing working practices, and by delivering independent information relating to the benefits and options offered by advanced technologies. Benchmark allows its readers to collate a wide range of totally unbiased and independent data, generated from tests and assessments, technical analysis and application-specific experience, and use this information to ensure that their specification and buying decisions are made with a background of real-world information, rather than spoonfuls of hype! All Benchmark editorial is fully independent!


BENCHMARK INDEPENDENT TESTING – THE STATUS AWARDS Benchmark Recommended Status is awarded to products that undergo the independent testing process and receive an overall rating of 80% or higher. Products which receive this status are then permitted to use the Recommended logo, which illustrates they have passed application-specific testing and have reached a very high standard. Benchmark Outstanding Status is awarded to products that undergo the independent testing process and receive an overall rating of 90% or higher. Products which receive this status are then permitted to use the Outstanding logo, which illustrates they have passed application-specific testing and have reached the very highest standards. Because products and systems in the electronic security industry are varied, there are inevitable price differences between products designed to do the same job. It may be that one device offers a credible level of performance equivalent to its peers, but has more competitive price. Alternatively, the device may have a similar price to its peers, but delivers additional features and functions. In such cases, these products are recognised by the award of Benchmark Best Buy status.

BENCHMARK TESTING Benchmark carries out both comparative and solus testing of products and systems. This is an essential part of delivering real-world information about certain product groupings. These tests select product based upon specific criteria, and then pit various devices against others that could be specified for the same task, or examine the actual benefits of a product or system. These tests deliver an independent and genuine experience of using the products.

SYSTEM SOLUTIONS Benchmark ensures that users are aware of the potential options and benefits available from today’s high technology systems. By considering the technologies, and how they can be employed in the real world, this allows readers to understand not only what can be achieved, but also how benefits can be accessed, and why certain considerations should be made. This delivers a higher level of understanding, and ensures that solutions meet all expectations once they are in everyday use.

TECHNOLOGY CHALLENGES There are times when applications could benefit from a number of differing approaches. Deciding which way to go is sometimes a difficult task. With this in mind, Benchmark undertakes challenges designed to illustrate the pros and cons of certain working practices. This will ensure that you can assess the varying routes to providing a credible level of protection for any application.

FIELD NOTES Sometimes specific problems require innovative solutions, and trying to address them with a ‘formulaic’ approach can lead to wasted investment in terms of both time and money. Benchmark helps by addressing the various considerations associated with specific challenges, and by highlighting ways in which a high degree of protection can be realised.



039_benchmark_March13 07/03/2013 17:01 Page 1

GSM/GPRS Communicator for wireless monitoring & reporting GPRS alarm reporting and upload/download t t t t

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cont apr13_000_Benchmark_apr13 04/03/2013 16:30 Page 1

April 2013

Contents 7 Editorial It is time for the security sector to put the demands of the customer first!

10 Bulletin A round-up of news stories of interest to those seeking risk-relevant solutions.

13 Under the Skin Benchmark gets under the skin of some new product releases.

22 Group Test: Video Encoders (Part 2) Benchmark looks at the performance of video encoders, with models from Abus SC, Axis Communications, Bosch, Hikvision, Geovision, TKH Security and Avigilon. Editor Pete Conway Tel: 020 8295 8303 E-mail: Production Matt Jarvis Tel: 020 8295 8300 E-mail: Advertisement Manager Wendy Thomas Tel: 020 8295 8305 E-mail: Administration Director Margaret Holden Tel: 020 8295 8301 Fax: 01322 551869 E-mail:

ISSN: 1750-1040 Editorial and Advertisement Office PO Box 332 Dartford DA1 9FF © Pro-Activ Publications Ltd 2013 All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopy, recording, or any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Benchmark reserves the right to alter, abridge or edit any submissions prior to publication. The views published in Benchmark are not necessarily those of the publisher. While every care has been taken to ensure accuracy in the preparation of material included in Benchmark, the publishers cannot be held responsible for the accuracy of the information contained herein, or any consequence arising from it. In the case of all product reviews, tests and assessments, judgements have been made in the context of the equipment supplied at the time of the review. Any judgements are based upon situations relevant at the time of writing, and comments relating to cost are based upon published prices available from major distributors. Comments are based upon products and systems currently available in the UK market-place.

32 Softly Softly Here we go again! Benchmark’s Dave casts a jaundiced eye over marketing claims.

33 Cover Story: Single Card Solutions The flexibility of access control systems enables businesses to enjoy a genuine ‘one card’ policy for many tasks.

36 Managing Bandwidth There are many theories relating to bandwidth management; which are right for those deploying video surveillance solutions?

38 Round-Up: Fully Functioned Network Domes Issues over latency are claimed to be a thing of the past; Benchmark rounds up the leading options for those seeking functional IP-enabled domes.

45 Man Management Modern technology-based solutions should include elements to assist with personnel management.

51 Professional Test: Leeds 2Y-Link The latest version of the 2Y-Link from Leeds Electronics brings together video, power, telemetry data, alarm signals and audio, but does it deliver on quality?

57 Field Notes: Getting Tough In a world dominated by high technology solutions, do physical measures have anything to offer?

63 The Benchmark Guide to IFSEC 2013 A look ahead to the forthcoming event at Birmingham’s NEC.

74 The Last Word Another issue of Benchmark published, and what have we learned?


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BM_comment_apr13_000_Benchmark_nov10 28/02/2013 12:47 Page 1

Editorial Comment

Editorial Comment... Pete Conway, Editor, Benchmark t is an interesting experience to purchase any type of consumer electronics device. The focus is rarely on specifications; it is on benefits. In the war for millions of pounds worth of sales, the reliance on specifications takes something of a back-seat. Even if you do get to the point of browsing specifications, the emphasis remains on the features and functions that deliver the specific benefits. It is an approach based on the fact that the consumer can make certain presumptions about products. In a modern world, there are certain aspects of products that are taken for granted. A good example of this is the laptop computer. The specifications that people care about are processor speed, hard drive capacity and on-board RAM. Very few people bother checking whether it has wireless connectivity or a CD drive, because that functionality is a ‘given’ inclusion. It is expected! Managing expectations is one of the more significant issues when selling anything based on technology, including security solutions. The customer has certain base expectations, and if they’re not met, they will be disappointed. In such a case, there is no point in shoving a specsheet in front of them and stating that the functionality they wanted isn’t listed. It might be a statement of fact, but it still won’t eliminate the disappointment that the customer feels. There are still some in the security industry that argue network technology isn’t about to become the ‘de facto’ standard for solutions. This shouldn’t be entirely surprising, as there is still a society – with paying members – whose sole purpose is to prove to all of us that the earth is flat! However, is the fact that such opinions about IP technology exist in the sector worrying? There is a good case to argue that it is.


Does the security industry’s need to mark things out as IP-enabled put us in a backwards position? In an age when network connectivity is expected from the majority of devices, surely advanced security solutions must deliver such a degree of connectivity. After all, it’s what the customer is demanding! There is a desire to delineate products and solutions based upon the cabling infrastructure they use. This is an approach that many technology-based sectors dropped many years ago. For them, network connectivity is a given function; you shouldn’t have to ask. The argument should be that those in the security sector should only need to highlight when products are not network-ready; not when they are! Also, there is a need to realise that sticking a NIC in a basic product for remote but limited connectivity isn’t really what the customer is expecting. I recently spent some time an angry end user. He’d been sold a system, and to be fair, it did everything he’d wanted it to do. However, the realisation – after the system had been put in place and paid for – that the future upgrade path was limited to composite technology left him feeling cheated. Whilst he hadn’t been specifically sold a networked solution, he had been told that it was advanced technology. To him, that meant it had longevity, future expandability and the option of integration. As he pointed out, his children had devices that offered more flexibility than his advanced and costly security solution. In truth, he had a fair point!


qr_000_Benchmark_may10 23/05/2012 16:15 Page 1

QR codes

Delivering Specifications

Benchmark is dedicated to supporting those making purchasing decisions about security solutions. To aid readers, Benchmark allows you to download, store or share specification sheets for products, from wherever you are, whenever you need them! By using QR codes, you can ‘grab’ the spec sheets fright off the pages of Benchmark, using any camera-enabled device such as a smartphone, a tablet or other mobile device. ll too often, you read about something that could be of use, whether it be a solution or a technology, and you make a mental note to find more out when you’re in front of your PC, or back in the office. Then, as the tribulations of the day unfold, the memory fades. When you need that information, you might have forgotten where you read it! Benchmark can help via the use of QR codes in the magazine. These can be read by any camera-equipped device that runs Apps, if a QR code reader is loaded. The software Apps to read the codes are widely available via the App Store or from Android marketplace, and are typically free-of-charge. All you need to do is ‘scan’ the code with the camera, and the data will be loaded to your phone, tablet or other device. The options are then to view the spec sheet, save it for later, email it (either to your PC or a colleague, or both) or to save the link to the download. QR Codes are increasing in popularity; they are appearing in a wide range of promotional materials. The codes that link to Benchmark material appear on editorial pages and have a yellow background. These will allow the download of PDF spec



sheets hosted by Benchmark. No information about you or your device is captured at all. This means that whether you are on site, on the way to a job, waiting for a delivery, at home, anywhere in fact, and are reading Benchmark, you can simply ‘grab’ the information for immediate or later use.

QR Code Readers There are a wide range of QR Code readers available. Many are free of charge, although this does mean that sometimes they carry adverts at the top of the screen! Simply search the Apple AppStore, the Android Marketplace or other outlet pertinent to your device. Once the App is loaded, hold the camera over the QR Code, and it will read the URL automatically. The App should then give a number of options such as Open URL, Save URL, Email URL, etc.. Benchmark QR Codes are the only ones that appear in editorial matter, and have yellow backgrounds. Benchmark cannot be responsible for the content of other QR Codes that appear in other materials such as advertisements.

039_benchmark_March13 07/03/2013 16:42 Page 1

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Benchmark looks at current news stories for those involved in the design, specification and purchase of security and safety solutions Vivotek announces revenues exceeding $100M

Milestone adopts ‘Think Bigger’ concept Milestone Systems recently held its biggest annual partner event in Las Vegas, Nevada. Management, sales and development experts considered future initiatives for the XProtect VMS platform. The Milestone Integration Platform Symposium saw 380 delegates and 46 exhibiting companies in attendance. Lars Thinggaard, President and CEO of Milestone Systems, gave the opening presentation. He stated, ‘Milestone’s idea was the open platform. We introduced this into the industry and we have grown an international business ecosystem around it. The effect has been to redefine the industry’s expectations about the way surveillance video is used.’ Milestone also presented a series of awards. Milestone Camera Partner of the Year went to Sony, while Milestone Integration of the Year was presented to Mango DSP. As part of the event, Milestone presented XProtect Expert for medium and large installations, with features for live monitoring, centralised management and recording. Scheduled and event-driven rules allow the automation of security actions and control of external systems.

Mayflex and Paxton offer network training Mayflex has announced that Paxton is launching free-of-charge IP access control training, to assist infrastructure installers in addressing the security market. Mayflex is working closely with Paxton to encourage its established channel of infrastructure installers to take a look at the access control proposition, which can complement core infrastructure activities. Tracey Calcutt, Marketing Manager at Mayflex, stated, ‘Paxton has designed a comprehensive programme that highlights how easy it is to sell, quote and install IP access control to a building’s network, leaving them confident to go through the 10

Vivotek has announced its sales figures for 2012, reporting revenues exceeding US $100 million (£66M) for the year. This figure is the highest that the company has achieved. Net sales in local currencies increased by 16 per cent compared to 2011. Spurred by rising security concerns due to the threat of terrorism and other factors, the IP surveillance sector has seen significant growth. In addition, advances in technology such as higher resolutions improved video quality. This, along with greater storage capacity and improved network communications, all impacted positively on driving growth, according to the manufacturer. Various industry reports project that the IP surveillance sector will retain a strong annual growth rate. Vivotek states that its policy of considering research and development, sales service, marketing communications and technical support as core elements of its business has helped the company’s growth to continue. The business has built up close relationships with customers, partners and employees. Chairman Owen Chen stated, ‘Looking back at our sales performance and achievements in developing innovative technologies, 2012 was without a doubt another successful and significant year. Our revenues in local currencies increased over 16 per cent yearover-year, and we’re bullish about our prospects this year too.’ process themselves from start to finish. This fits perfectly into our own “Things Change” campaign, which highlights the fact that more solutions are now being converged onto one IP network, thereby saving time, money, space and energy. Those partners that look to change and embrace these technologies are more likely to see the benefits and take advantage of the additional opportunities.’ Paxton has broken the training down into four easy steps for getting started. Those taking part in the training will be given a complete overview of the relationship between electronic access control and IT installations, free training and sales advice, and will be supported through their first installation by the Paxton team.

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Panasonic announces development of double sensitivity colour sensors Panasonic has announced the development of micro colour splitters, which separate the light that falls on image sensors by exploiting light’s wavelike properties. Applying the splitters to image sensors allows bright colour images to be achieved, even in low-light conditions. This development makes colour filters unnecessary as the micro colour splitters control the diffraction of light at a microscopic level. Tests have achieved approximately double the colour sensitivity in comparison with conventional sensors that use colour filters. Conventional colour image sensors use a Bayer array, in which a red, green, or blue light-transmitting filter is placed above each sensor. These filters block 50-70 per cent of the incoming light before it reaches the sensor. The splitters use colour alignment, which uses light more efficiently than colour filters. The splitters simply replace the colour filters in conventional image sensors, and are not dependent on the type of image sensor (CCD or CMOS can be used). Also, the splitters can be fabricated using inorganic materials, with existing semiconductor fabrication processes. Advances in the technology include a method of analysis and design based on wave optics, optimisation technologies to control the phase of the light passing through a transparent and highlyrefractive plate-like structure, and algorithms that allow highly sensitive and precise colour reproduction by combining the light that falls on detectors separated by the splitters and processing the detected signals. Panasonic holds 21 Japanese patents and 16 overseas patents, including pending applications, for this development.

Meyertech and Comnet form partnership Meyertech and Comnet have announced the formation of a new partnership, designed to allow the implementation of a complete video surveillance control room infrastructure and video management solution. Following a comprehensive programme of product compatibility testing, the technology partnership will offer systems integrators and end users a proven design solution. Further added benefits include joined-up services for pre-sales, during installation and commissioning, and after sales support contracts. Special discounts are also available for combined installed solutions. David Wood, Sales Executive at Meyertech, stated, ‘Relying on third party installed networks is often fraught with potential issues for integrators and end users alike. Firewalls and support issues could mean the performance of products may well be let down by the network, resulting in a system which is not very resilient. By ensuring the network is designed and configured correctly, we can deliver the optimum solution to the client and, if we do have any issues, we have the complete comfort of knowing we have crosspartnership support between our two organisations which is a significant benefit to both integrators and end clients.’ Tom Exley, Technical Manager at Coment, added, ‘Designing a quality video network can be challenging when you don’t always know what equipment and systems are going to be connected to it. By joining forces with Meyertech we are able to define the optimum design and configuration to deliver to the client every time.’

AMG transmission available via Pro-Vision AMG Systems has appointed Pro-Vision as an approved distributor of its entire range of video transmission solutions. AMG’s product range includes devices for both singlemode and multimode fibre, with full bandwidth Ethernet connectivity, as well as alarms and audio channels. The product portfolio also includes UTP devices, wireless video and complete Ethernet solutions. Pro-Vision operates with a high level of stock turnaround, whilst keeping reasonable levels of spares, designed to allow low delivery times.


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Axis is the

world leader in IP video and surveillance cameras

And your #1 choice for quality, innovation and expertise. > The founder of the world’s first network camera > The world leader in network video, driving the shift from analog to digital > Sweden-based company, with over 16 years of experience in IP video and nearly three decades of network know-how > Installations worldwide in sectors ranging from retail and transportation to education and city surveillance

> Dedicated partner network offering unrivaled expertise > Solutions delivering enduring results, even in the most extreme conditions and remote locations > Open standards only, for easy integration and scalability Get the Axis picture. Stay one step ahead. Visit Axis at IFSEC: Stand E90, NEC Birmingham May 13-16, 2013.

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Under the Skin

Under the Skin

Genetec – Synergis Master Controller Synergis Master Controller is an intelligent IP door controller which allows the use of non-proprietary access control solutions, allowing users to migrate to an IPbased solution while retaining their existing equipment and wiring

Assa Abloy – Aperio Pinpad Pinpad is the latest addition to the Aperio wireless access control range, allowing the upgrade of mechanically locked doors to an electronic solution for online and offline use via a simple PIN codepad

Christie – Phoenix An open content management system designed specifically for control room applications, Phoenix uses network streaming technology to access and control data in any location, ensuring accurate decision-making in critical situations

D-Link – DCS7513 D-Link’s latest outdoor camera utilises wide dynamic range technology to deliver footage in environments with harsh or uneven lighting, along with on-board illumination with a range of up to 30 metres

Promat – Durasmooth Doorsets Designed for use on fire doors, the BSEN 1634-compliant and Certifire approved Durasmooth doorsets are rated to resist fire for up to four hours when used in conjunction with appropriate doors


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Under the Skin

Genetec – Synergis Master Controller So what’s Synergis?

What is it? Whilst the benefits of moving to a unified networked platform for complete security systems are not in doubt, the migration process can be somewhat fraught for many sites. Few will be in the enviable position of starting afresh with a clean sheet of paper! For the majority, legacy systems will need to be considered, and it is the rare site that can afford to remove all existing devices and start again! The reality is that many higher end systems still work very well; they do however lack the full interoperability and seamless flexibility offered by open platform networked solutions. Trying to upgrade legacy solutions to enjoy such flexibility is often not easy. The video market has taken the lead with the revitalisation of legacy systems, and the use of codecs and convertors makes good sense where existing devices still deliver the required degree of functionality. The Synergis Master Controller fills such a gap for those seeking to migrate access control to the network environment. The intelligent IP door controller allows for non-proprietary access control solutions, which leverage networking infrastructure plus existing equipment and wiring.

Is it totally open? That would be nice, but much as any ‘open’ solution is only open to those manufacturers who are partnered with the solution, the Synergis Master Controller isn’t totally open. Currently the limitation is for interoperation with HID and Mercury hardware. Genetec claims that the interface can speed up deployment time, reduce costs and ensure that the security investment is protected. Supported interface modules include the VertX V100, V200 and V300 from HID, and the MR52, MR50, MR16IN and MR16OUT from Mercury. The Synergis Master


Synergis is the IP-based access control module, which forms part of the overall Security Center platform from the company. When the Synergis element is deployed, it enables real-time monitoring of access events and alarms, as well as cardholder management. When used within Security Center it delivers a unified approach that brings together video surveillance, access control, automatic number-plate recognition and intrusion monitoring. Communications between the master controller and the Synergis software are authenticated and encrypted. Users can respond to changing conditions and alter the behaviour of the security system accordingly, restricting or overriding entry controls to an area, building or site.

Controller supports 32 modules, connecting to up to 64 readers, and can monitor hundreds of zones and alarm points. Both Mercury and HID modules can be supported on the same Synergis Master Controller. The unit is available with a variety of enclosures and power supplies, as well as several pre-wired enclosures with the controller, power supply and HID or Mercury modules. These pre-wired kits reduce deployment time. DHCP support and a controller discovery tool automate the enrolment process.

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Assa Abloy – Aperio Pinpad What is it?

So, about this Aperio thing...

The Aperio range has been around for some time now, and within the family of products are a wide range of options. Essentially, Aperio allows traditional mechanically locked doors to be upgraded, via the use of cylinders or escutcheons, into electronic access control options. This is done without significant alterations to the door being required, and without a need to install wiring. The latest addition to the range is the Pinpad, which incorporates a keypad into the escutcheon. This introduces costeffective multi-level door security, as the lock can be controlled by the PIN code, by a card reader, or a combination of both. PIN codes can be of between four and eight digits in length. The Pinpad escutcheon is available for conventional RFID technologies including iClass, Mifare Classic/Plus and Mifare DesFire as well as for existing 125kHz access control systems based on HID Prox or EM410x.

Aperio utilises a short-distance wireless link between the lock cylinder or escutcheon and a central communications hub, which is then connected to the access control system using standardised cabling. This means that simply by replacing the cylinders – available in standard lock hardware sizes – or fitting an escutcheon, the door is converted from a key-based mechanical operation to an electronic alternative, which can be used offline or online, dependent upon the site’s needs. The open architecture allows the devices to be connected with most access control systems. The communications hub links wirelessly with the door-side devices, and is connected via an RS485 or Wiegand interface to the main access system. The RFID-enabled cylinders or escutcheons then transfer data to and from the communications hub using wireless connectivity on the IEEE 802.15.4 frequency band (2.4 GHz). Data is encrypted using AES (128 bit) for security purposes. Aperio communications hubs can support up to eight doors per hub, within a range of up to 25 metres dependent upon site conditions. The RFID elements are available as Euro Profile and Scandinavian Profile cylinders, along with Euro Profile, Swiss Profile and Scandinavian Profile escutcheons. All are battery-powered.

What’s the point? Often, sites will already have an access control solution in place. Where the cabling has been in for some time, it’s Sod’s Law that there won’t be clear and concise plans, adequate labelling or a logical approach to the work. One man’s typical process will be a confused mess to another! If you have the time and energy (and the will) to trace numerous cables to add devices (if there is any redundant capacity at all), then it’s not an issue. However, if you need to expand a system quickly and economically, without disruptive and expensive works and adjustments to doors and door furniture, then the Aperio could offer a solution. Also, the ability to effectively select the appropriate degree of security for each door, in terms of credentials and off/online capabilities, delivers a high degree of flexibility too.


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Under the Skin

Christie – Phoenix What is it?

Why would I want it?

The Phoenix from Christie is an open content management system designed specifically for use in control rooms. It is described by the manufacturer as a ‘network streaming solution’ which can ‘collaborate, synthesise and generate fast and accurate decisions’. Do you want that one more time? Okay, the Phoenix uses a number of distributed devices which handle video (up to HD1080p inputs) and audio streams. Numerous remote devices can be used, and these are connected via the network to workstations. The system is controlled by centralised software. In essence, the distributed infrastructure takes the ‘room’ element out of the control room. In other words, the geographical location of those viewing, managing and accessing data is no longer limited to one single location. Indeed, the information gathered by the system can be distributed to mobile personnel if required, allowing those ‘on the ground’ to make decisions based upon real-time live and informative data, rather than relying on someone in a remote location to make those decisions for them!

There are two main reasons why businesses and organisations are going to consider this system. Firstly, many companies are increasingly under pressure to realise returns from their investment, and real-estate is often one of the biggest investments a bbusiness makes. If an organisation is operating a large centralised control room – in the style which was necessary a decade ago because of the limitations in technology – then it is going to be difficult to balance the real-estate costs versus returns. However, that space could usually be better utilised – and probably in a more profitable way – if the control room space could be rationalised. To do this without compromising on the overall performance is a challenge, and the Phoenix solution could offer benefits here. More importantly, from a point of operational efficiency, it makes sense to allow those who need information to be able to access it easily. The old ‘centralised’ approach to control rooms meant that often, those who relied on the data had to receive it ‘second hand’, often from operators who didn’t share their knowledge and understanding of a site or the incidents that might occur there. Phoenix could deliver that data, directly to those who need it, when they need it!

Will it be a pain to configure? Christie claims that the Phoenix system is simple and cost-effective to configure, deploy and manage. The remote units can be combined to build synchronised display walls of any size. Equally, they can be used as a desktop processor to augment a single user’s operating environment. The software allows access and control of the streams from any network connection. Remote units are compatible with the majority of existing network cameras and video surveillance systems, as well as a number of third-party video encoders. The desktop software included with Phoenix systems features a drag-and-drop interface that can manage content on 16

multiple display walls simultaneously. It can also display content locally on a user’s desktop while sharing content with other users across the network. Expansion is as simple as connecting another unit to the network, which enhances the overall flexibility of the solution. So, in a nutshell, according to Christie, it won’t be a pain to configure.

039_benchmark_April13 07/03/2013 17:04 Page 1

Conservation. Protecting the wildlife of South Africa’s Kruger

National Park from poachers was once an impossible challenge. But today the park uses Milestone XProtect® Enterprise and integrates license plate recognition to track poachers’ vehicles from one central location. Proving again that Milestone can solve problems that are more than security.

Milestone XProtect® is the world’s leading IP video surveillance management software and is reliable, future proof and easy to use. It supports the widest choice in cameras and seamlessly integrates with business and security solutions such as license plate recognition. Which means your possibilities are unlimited and you can keep your security options open. Discover the Power of Choice and the new ways to use XProtect at:

Milestone Systems UK Tel: +44 (0) 1332 869380

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Under the Skin

D-Link – DCS-7513 What is it?

A few more specs?

When manufacturers from outside of the security and surveillance sector first started popping up in the industry, many of the products and systems on offer showed promise, but few were snapped up with great gusto by those seeking credible surveillance products. They could deliver good quality video, and they could add on a host of additional features (some of which we probably didn’t need), but they often fell short on essential security-related features and functions. Those that didn’t address these shortcomings fell by the wayside, and either refocused their products on other sectors or simply offered them as ‘low cost’ options. However, the others – those committed to the industry – added the required features and functions. With the DCS-7513, D-Link has addressed a number of demands typical of surveillance applications. Firstly, its latest outdoor camera is an integrated unit, featuring integral infrared illumination, P-Iris functionality for enhanced depth-offield, and wide dynamic range. They’ve also ensured that the most significant demand of all is met, and the camera delivers resolutions up to HD1080p!

The camera makes use of a 1/2.8 inch two megapixel progressive CMOS sensor to deliver resolutions of up to HD1080p. It also offers 4:3 footage, with a maximum resolution of 1440 x 1080 pixels. All resolutions are achieved with real-time streaming. Streams can be H.264, MPEG-4 or MJPEG, and multicast streaming can be achieved with either H.264 or MPEG-4. Still images can be captured as JPEGs. The camera is a true day/night unit using an infrared cut filter, and the unit also features integral infrared illuminators with a range of 30 metres. The lens is a 3-9mm varifocal item. P-Iris functionality is supported, and the camera features motorised focus to aid with set-up. The usual features and functions are all present: video motion detection, privacy masking, digital zoom, time and date stamp, shutter speed, etc..

Is it a bit ‘me-too’? Okay, if you want to look at it that way, it’s an integrated bullet-type camera with an IP66 housing and cable-managed bracket. It also has integral illumination, day/night operation and the usual suspects all appear on the video configuration menus. It also includes two-way audio, alarm input and output, and can be powered via low power 12V DC or PoE. If you want edge recording, you can have it as the camera features an SD/SDHC card slot.


Alarm events can be generated via the input of the VMD, and alarm notification can be via email, upload to an FTP server or via the alarm output. Uploads can be video clips or still images. It’s not an either/or choice as the unit supports multiple event notifications. If you anticipate more events than an SDHC card can handle, recorded footage can be archived to a local hard drive or NAS via a web browser. It also has highly flexible network configurations, and is ONVIF compliant. So no, it’s not a bit ‘me-too’!

Project1_PSI_Mar13 25/02/2013 13:49 Page 1

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Under the Skin

Promat –Durasmooth Doorsets What is it? It is always concerning to discover how many people consider the requirement of fire doors as simply having a heavy door! Obviously, where standards are obligatory, this may not be the case, but where such doors are preferred, it can lead to a false sense of safety and security for those who are – or think they are – protected. Promat has recently launched a new range of high performance steel doorsets, which are certificated to provide up to four hours of fire protection when installed with wall materials of a similar rating. The Promat Durasmooth doorsets are available in a wide range of configurations, making them suitable for a diverse number of applications. Sites with a requirement for such levels of protection include industrial and commercial premises, manufacturing and processing facilities, power generation plants, petrochemical and pharmaceutical sites, along with storage facilities and sites which may be subject to hazardous conditions.

Any customised options? Plenty! Promat has designed the doors to deliver a very high degree of flexibility in terms of configuration. Single and double leaf versions are available, with models that can be specified for internal or external use. Where special circumstances might exist, there are a variety of fire, security, acoustic and hygiene performance ratings, ensuring that there will be a solution to suit most applications. Where there isn’t an option, have no fear! The doorsets can be purpose-built to meet individual specifications, ensuring that even the most complex of requirements for specialist sites can be met.

Fit for purpose? The doorsets in the Durasmooth range are all fire-rated to BS EN 1634 and Certifire approved. When the new doorsets were designed, specific focus was given to delivering high strength and reliable performance. Indeed, the manufacturer states that the strength-to-weight ratio is biased towards longevity. The doorsets are resistant to corrosion, rotting and warping, and give the highest levels of fire protection without the need for an intumescent component to be added. Maintenance requirements are low, and the Durasmooth doorsets are supplied with the door leaf pre-hung in the steel frame, ready for ironmongery and other accessories to be fitted on site. Despite this focus on strength and protection, aesthetics haven’t been forgotten. The leaves are smooth-faced, hence the name! They can be supplied as an integral part of a comprehensive passive fire protection system, or as an individual item suitable for fixing into timber or steel stud partitions and brick or blockwork apertures. The range can be specified and supplied with standard ironmongery, and options include side panels, vision panels. latchless operation, single or double action and a wide range of durable polyester finish colours.


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Tired of waiting ?

downloading HD-security images camera 16 10%

Nowadays it’s important to be able to view security recordings from anywhere – across countries and even across the globe. But reviewing highquality scenes can be very time consuming – especially when this is carried out remotely via an internet connection. With limited-bandwidth connections, HD-quality material is invariably buffered, which takes time. As a result, until today remote viewing was mostly limited to SD images. Now, with the addition of Dynamic Transcoding Technology to the whole of its IP and HD range, Bosch offers the possibility for limited bandwidth remote monitoring. This new technology enables HD security images to be viewed from anywhere!

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Abus SC TVIP40000

Avigilon ENC-4P-H264

Axis Communications Q7424-R

Bosch Security VJT-X40XF-E


























Delivering the right format (Part 2) As the video surveillance sector moves ever more towards a network-based platform – and for good reason – the need to ensure that legacy equipment can be catered for increases. With interoperability via advanced VMS solutions and compatibility schemes such as ONVIF and PSIA moving in the right direction, the video codec has seen a resurgence of interest. Benchmark looks at some of the leading options. he acceptance of IP-enabled video as a mainstream surveillance option has arrived, with more and more devices with additional flexibility and higher performance appearing in the market-place. However, with so much existing composite video infrastructure, many are seeking to maximise the return on previous investments, and are loathe to adopt a ‘rip out and replace’ mentality. Video codecs are designed to handle analogue-digital and digital-analogue



conversions, but they must preserve the integrity and quality of the video if they are to be considered as credible. IP enabled video delivers many benefits with regard to system design, interoperability and expandability. That much is not in doubt. However, when it comes to a price/performance ratio, good quality composite solutions are still very hard to beat. The advent of networked technology has actually seen some suppliers of composite solutions up their game. While a few in the security sector retain an attitude that there is a clear division between composite and networked technologies, the reality is that both are still video systems, with the only real difference being the way that the video is transmitted between devices. In reality, this is a small difference, but to some who have vested interests in only one side of the argument, it’s enough to provoke almost evangelical debate, even after years of change that clearly illustrate the way in which the industry must – and will – develop.

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Video Encoders

Geovision GV-VS04H

Hikvision DS-6704HFI

TKH Security S64 E/SA
















Whilst it is very true that IP-based technology does deliver a variety of benefits that are impossible to achieve with composite technology, it is equally important to remember that composite solutions do certain jobs very well, have an impressive record in the field, have led to thousands of convictions and have been designed with longevity in mind. All these factors equate to one thing; there is an established composite-based video surveillance infrastructure out there, and it’s good for at least another decade, if not more! With the benefits of a fully digital solution becoming ever more obvious, but with quality legacy devices still operating, and operating well, in the field, it is understandable that many solutions – both new and existing – increasingly have a hybrid element. Hybrid solutions are seem by some as a halfway house, neither one thing nor another, and are therefore often classed as transient. Such thinking is usually down to a limited view of the bigger picture. It is possible to use IP-enabled technology, alongside the best of any existing legacy composite technology, to create a credible and effective security solution. This also allows users to maximise on current investment in composite systems and infrastructure.

Such systems can be expanded and upgraded in the future, allowing installers, integrators and users to choose whatever components best meet their needs, without having to totally reinvest. Rather than being a halfway house, it could be argued that hybrid solutions are essential in the near future, and single technology systems can be less costeffective in many instances. For this test, a range of high resolution composite video cameras were used. The tests were carried out using the servers’ on-board pages, along with two leading VMS solutions for side-by-side comparisons. Please note: Reports regarding features and functions of the codecs, plus initial connection to the servers and basic network configurations, were carried in the previous issue of Benchmark. If you do not have a copy, the on-line issue can be viewed at

Download the Bosch Security VJT-X40X-E specsheet

Download the Geovision GV-VS04H specsheet

Download the Hikvision DS-6704HFI specsheet

Abus SC TVIP40000 The TVIP40000 video server from Abus SC has a relatively straightforward interface structure, with the main display, video control buttons, and a main menu. The latter allows you to select one of four customisable video stream configurations, take a snapshot, manually


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Video Encoders

Abus-SC TVIP40000 + Options for events and alarm handling offer flexibility - Motion detection could benefit from a little more discrimination

Avigilon ENC-4P-H264 + It only makes sense if you are using Avigilon’s VMS - Limited functionality with third party VMS or LAN connections

Axis Communications Q7424-R + Very stable performance and good flexibility - Quad video view is set as one uniformly configured stream

Bosch Security VJT-X40XF-E + A very good degree of flexibility, VCA is a step up from VMD - The lack of PoE makes it feel older than the other units

control the digital output, change language, or carry out configurations, both for the server and the client. The configuration menu predominantly uses radio buttons and dropdown menus, which keeps things simple. The first few menus cover basic system settings and user configurations. These are followed by comms-specific settings with menus for HTTPS, SNMP, Network, DDNS and a user-configurable access list. Video and audio settings have a single screen, allowing the parameters for each of four profiles to be set. The final profile is geared towards mobile devices, and has a maximum resolution of QCIF. Resolution, frame rate, Iframe rate and bandwidth controls can be configured for each profile. Basic audio settings can also be made. Image adjustments are limited to brightness, contrast, saturation and sharpness. Privacy masks can also be created from this menu. Motion detection is basic, with settings for sensitivity and ‘percentage’. A histogram helps with set-up. There is also a dedicated menu for camera tamper detection. 24

One of the more interesting menus is Application. This allows events to be created, and linked with actions. For a relatively basic codec, this does offer a bit more depth than you might expect! Overall performance was as expected. If bandwidth remains above 1Mbps, you’re not really going to see much difference up to the maximum of 4Mbps. After all, a D1 image isn’t greatly challenging. Motion was smooth, and it was only with extremely motion-heavy scenes that we saw anything approaching lag or jitter in the image. Colour fidelity was good, and the unit represents a decent budget offering.

Avigilon ENC-4P-H264 The ENC-4P-H264 video server from Avigilon was slightly infuriating during the initial set up, because it was supplied without any documentation or utilities. However, what you do get is a 50 page expensively produced glossy catalogue for the company. This led to searching the internet, where we found different versions of quick start guides (not on the Avigilon site). These informed us to use a utility, which we found via another search! The utility allowed us to connect to the unit and change the network settings. However, trying to then complete the configuration sent us of for another search to try and discover the log-in details. When we eventually connected to the unit, it would only stream in JPEG format over a LAN connection! There was no prompt to download a driver, and given the lack of documentation we couldn’t find a way forwards. Interestingly, the limitation isn’t made obvious in any of the marketing material we looked at, and the H264 reference in the product designation does seem to imply that there should not be such a restriction. Connecting to a leading open platform VMS results in the device being recognised as an ONVIF unit, but the available functionality is still limited. The menus are basic, which does make them easy to use. Inputs can be configured for compression, frame rate, quality, I-frame rate and bandwidth. There is also a basic menu for setting alarm inputs and outputs, and privacy masking is simple to set-up. We had no joy trying to fathom out the workings of the video motion detection; that’s what happens when there’s no documentation at all! It certainly isn’t intuitive!

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Video Encoders

Geovision GV-VS04H + A few interesting features, once you’ve found them - The GUI is in sore need of a makeover, and a manual update might be good

Hikvision DS-6704HFI + Very good image detail and colour fidelity - The GUI is clean, but constant reloading of images gets boring

TKH Security S64 E/SA + A very comprehensive feature set, good image quality - A very poor level of documentation and technical support

The only time the encoder worked correctly was when we connected it to ACC, Avigilon’s own VMS solution. The full functionality could be accessed, and even the basic VMD worked as you’d expect such a feature to operate. This does give a very clear impression that unless you are using the Avigilon VMS, the encoder might not be the best option available. If you already run ACC, then this unit does offer something. However, as a standalone unit it doesn’t deliver what is expected.

Axis Communications Q7424-R The Q7424-R video server from Axis Communications has the typical Axis user interface. It seems like it hasn’t ever changed, whereas it is regularly updated and improved. It retains an air of familiarity because the core layout works so well. Settings are where you’d expect them to be, and features and functions are logically ordered. On the live view page, the four inputs can be viewed by selecting the relevant camera in a drop-down menu. There is also a high resolution quad view, although the frame rate is reduced when viewing this. This view is configured as one uniform video stream. The menu starts off with basic system settings. These are further expanded upon with video and audio profiles, live view configuration, telemetry, detection, events, recording and system menus. Each input can be configured for resolution, frame rate, compression, GOV length and bitrate. There are also a number of video adjustments. The detection menu allows settings to be adjusted in relation to camera tampering, video motion detection and audio detection. Motion detection allows some adjustments, 26

and it’s a simple task to assess the configuration, as a histogram gives a visual indication of activity. Once detection events are configured, the events menu delivers a decent level of flexibility with regard to setting triggers and actions. The latter can include recording to an SD card – the server supports up to SDXC, which allows 64GB cards to be used; we didn’t try the latest 128GB cards, but we see no reason why they wouldn’t be supported by the unit. Performance is good. Video detail remains sharp, and is seemingly unaffected by its conversion, even running bit-rates of 1Mbps. The stream maintained its framerate, even with motion-heavy scenes. Colour fidelity was high, motion was smooth, and latency was minimal. The Axis encoder will not be the cheapest on the market, but it is efficient and robust, handling the video – and its associated tasks – with ease. Motion detection is a bit basic, but we have seen worse implementations!

Bosch Security VJT-X40XF-E The VJT-X40XF-E video server from Bosch Security is another unit with an interface that feels immediately familiar. Again, it boasts a logical layout which gives the same feel as the Axis product. Whilst the two GUIs are very different, they both have a clearly thought-out structure which gives a high degree of intuitivity. If there is a difference, it’s that the Bosch unit is slightly slower to respond when making some settings. That said, it’s a matter of seconds, so unless you use a variety of devices back-to-back you might not notice. Whereas some codecs give the feeling that they’re very much an IP tool which just happens to handle surveillance video, the Bosch unit feels like it puts the importance of quality video footage first. Each input has dual streams, and a wide variety of profiles can be configured for compression, resolution, frame rate, I- and Pframes, and bit-rate. There is also a M-JPEG stream for low resolution transmission, such as to mobile devices. The VCA (video content analysis) element is a step up from traditional on-board VMD, and offers a bit more flexibility with regard to configurations. It can also collect metadata without generating alarms to aid with searches and other processing. The VCA setting screen

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encoder mar13_000_Benchmark_mar13 15/03/2013 15:32 Page 7

Video Encoders

lacks the histogram function that some of the other units boast, but it does have an alarm status indicator which turns red when motion is sensed. It doesn’t show you how the level of motion compared to the configured thresholds, like many do, but it’s better than nothing. Alarm handling is also well considered. The options are pretty varied, and most of the general possibilities are covered. The overall level of detail in the image is decent. It stand up well with the better units in the test, and delivers what you’d expect from a mainstream encoder. Managing bandwidth is simple, and to be fair for a D1 image, at anything from 1Mbps upwards, you are unlikely to see a significant visual difference; raising bit-rate further than 2 or 3Mbps doesn’t introduce a higher degree of detail. Colour fidelity is good, and motion remains smooth, even with fast-moving objects in the scene. The general degree of artefacting was low, and there was no obvious motion blur.

Geovision GV-VS04H The GV-VS04H video server from Geovision has an interface that feels slightly old fashioned. It’s not overly clumsy but it lacks the clean and clear layout that typifies today’s products. It also throws up a few anomalies which aren’t all that well explained in the PDF manual. Configurations seem scattered around a bit. Some exist on a side-bar menu, others in a menu tab that sits to one side of the live view screen, and another set of options pop up in a contextual menu. You do seem to spend more time searching for the right method to implement a feature that with the other encoders. Interestingly, in the mix there are a few interesting features and functions, but you could easily miss these unless you spend time searching and experimenting with the settings. There are also a few settings that are frustrating. For example, at default settings, the option for constant bit-rate is disabled. Our experience, and that which has been fed back to us from integrators and end users, is that constant bit-rate is the preferred choice, as it allows a known degree of bandwidth control. There is also a master setting for the speed of the network. If you select one of the options to match the network speed, then you are stuck with variable bit-rate. You have to opt for a customisable option for constant bit-rate to be activated, and it is only when it has been 28

activated that you then discover the maximum setting is 1Mbps! As an aside, you also cannot adjust GOP unless you opt for the customisable setting. If you consider the Geovision unit alongside the others, it probably is in most urgent need of a makeover on its GUI, and whilst the manufacturer is doing that a rewrite of the manual wouldn’t go amiss! Motion detection is very basic, to the point of having three sensitivity settings, and that’s it! Alarm handling in general is fairly much as you’d expect from an entry level codec. The unit also features ‘image automation’, whereby a manually operated action button can be created within the image. When clicked, this can be configured to switch a relay. Overall image quality is okay. Detail is pretty much on a par with the majority of the other codecs on test, although colours do seem slightly washed out. These can be tweaked, but you might find yourself readjusting whenever ambient lighting changes. It’s best to pick a level that is acceptable and stick with it. Motion is smooth, and only very fast moving objects showed any motion blur. Otherwise, the image was stable, and we didn’t see too much in the way of artefacting or degradation.

Hikvision DS-6704HFI The DS-6704HFI video server from Hikvision has a very clean – almost minimalist – GUI, and has the feel of a modern unit. Whilst we accept that most people will only use a web browser connection for configuration, before migrating the codec to a VMS or NVR, there is one small irritant with the set-up. The server’s webpage shows the GUI and the live view boxes, and you then select the cameras to load. If you then move to the configuration screen, make a few tweaks, before going back to the live screen to see the effects, you will need to reload the cameras. It’s not the end of the world, but it does get a bit repetitive! The menus are logical and easy to configure, and do include all the functionality you’d expect. Each camera can be individually configured for resolution, bit-rate (up to 8Mbps), frame rate and encoding. If you want to share settings, you can select specific cameras, or all cameras, with a few clicks. Setting up video motion detection is relatively straightforward. It is basic, with configurations limited to overall sensitivity, so it’s on a par with most other units. There is some flexibility with regard to overall alarm handling.

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encoder mar13_000_Benchmark_mar13 15/03/2013 15:33 Page 8

Video Encoders

Best Buy

The DS-6704HFI from Hikvision is rated as the Benchmark Best Buy video server for this test. It combines high image quality and the right feature set.

Interestingly, the Hikvision unit isn’t cluttered with a whole load of additional features and functions, and it’s all the better for it! Video adjustments will inevitably be made at the camera, and recording and management configurations will be made at the VMS or NVR. The codec should just handle the video, preferably without impacting on it too much, and this is where the Hikvision unit does well. Image quality is good, with a high level of detail retained. At 1Mbps you will see slight signs of artefacting, but push the bit-rate up to 2Mbps and the image quality is good; arguably the best of all the codecs tested. Colour fidelity is high, and the balance of tone is very good too. Motion is smooth, and the stream remained stable, even with very busy scenes.

TKH Security S64 E/SA In the first part of the test, we could not access the S64 E/SA server from TKH Security as the log-in details were rejected. After various attempts and numerous resets we contacted the technical support helpline. The published UK number of for another company. We then tried the number in the netherlands, but got no answer. The next call was to the UK sales manager, who couldn’t answer our question, but did say he’d try to find out the answer. We finally managed to get hold of someone at the company – a member of the technical team that customers wouldn’t have direct access to – who told us that the default log-in details had been changed because of issues with ONVIF compatibility. That information hadn’t made it to the manuals, the website or to some of the staff! He did state that ‘inconveniences like this must be solved at once’. We couldn’t agree more! Once logged in, we came up against another of the issues with TKH products; they rely on third party video codecs, which you need to download from the internet. One is VLC, which experience has shown to be somewhat fragile. There are many different builds of this software, some good and some bad, and the software can often include malware, dependent upon its origin. Due to past experience we opted for the Quicktime option as it can downloaded directly from Apple. The menus are straightforward, and true to the TKH way of working, there’s plenty of useful built-in flexibility with regard to alarm handling. It won’t be the simplest set-up, but you will enjoy higher performance. When we say ‘enjoy’ that’s the end scenario; setting it up without 30

relevant or accurate documentation will try your patience. Once you’ve achieved the correct configuration, image quality is good, with a decent level of colour fidelity. Motion is smooth, and even fast motion doesn’t upset the codec. Telemetry and data handling, along with alarm handling, show the manufacturer has built a credible and effective product. However, this time around, their hard work has been let down by a poor degree of documentation and support than makes the unit impossible to recommend. Certainly, it would have rated higher if the customer service elements had not be so disappointing.

Verdict The TVIP 40000 from Abus SC is a basic unit aimed at the budget market. With that in mind, it does lack some of the extras that a few of the other units possess. However, the customisable event scenarios are its saving grace! Avigilon’s ENC-4P-H264 is another budget unit, but it only cuts the mustard if you’ve already invested in their own VMS. Documentation is poor, and our unit had quality issues. As a standalone unit it cannot compete with the others on test. The Q7424-R from Axis Communications is a rock-solid video encoder. It handles video and audio well, has flexibility with regard to alarm handling, and so long as you don’t go silly trying to minimise bandwidth, it will deliver the same quality as it receives. The Bosch Security VJT-X40XF-E puts video management first; it has a decent level of VCA, and alarm handling is well considered. For functionality, it was rated highly. Image quality is good, and the unit is stable too. The GV-VS04H from Geovision would benefit from a GUI makeover, and a new manual wouldn’t be out of place. It has a few limitations, and the image didn’t seem as vibrant as some of the other servers. However, it does deliver a decent degree of functionality. The DS-6704HFI from Hikvision wins out with its image quality. Functionality is basic, but it does offer all you’ll need from a codec. It was rated as the Best Buy in the test. The S64 E/SA from TKH Security is a good unit, but if the company wants to be taken seriously they must ensure that information is accurate and up-to-date, and that published support numbers are correct. If we hear how they’re addressing the issues, we’ll let you know.

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dave_apr13_000_Benchmark_nov10 28/02/2013 11:45 Page 2

Softly Softly

Softly softly... They say that you should always ‘know your market’ if you want to succeed in business, but what does it say to your customers if you clearly don’t know your market? It probably says it’s time to look elsewhere! ecently, I made a purchase which was, for me, unusual. It was unusual for the simple fact that it was for me. Normally, whenever I’m spending the funds from the Royal Bank of Dave, it’s for Mrs Dave or our Kylie. However, this time it was for me alone. In all my born days, I’ve always fancied myself as a bit of a barbecue king. I’m not talking about your average run-of-the-mill grill that you throw a few chops on; I’m talking pit barbecue in its finest form. The equipment for this doesn’t come cheap, and when selecting I was caught on the horns of a dilemma. The equipment I craved cost quite a bit; the best often does. However, for one third of the price there was an alternative which was seemingly highly rated. I made the big mistake of asking Mrs Dave for advice! She advised, not surprisingly, to opt for the lower cost option. Once ordered, I went online to gather some wider feedback from those who had ordered the same option. Whilst the majority were happy with their choice, I couldn’t get the idea that I’d made the wrong selection out of my head. After some thought, I ordered the more expensive item as well. I figured I could compare the two and then make a decision. With both items taking up the floor of the living room, it quickly became clear that the more expensive item was hugely superior. It also became clear that Mrs Dave wasn’t happy when she wanted to watch her soaps! I contacted the seller of the lower cost item to tell them I’d be sending it back, and he wanted to know why. I didn’t want to be rude, so I explained that it wasn’t everything I had hoped for in terms of build quality. He admitted that whilst it wasn’t the best, I wouldn’t be able to buy one of the heavier duty options in the UK. He told me what the



better options were – his list included my other choice – but cautioned me that I simply wouldn’t be able to get one. He stressed that whilst he was more than happy to accept the return of the item, in lines with his legal obligations, I would be unable to find anything better. He told me this as I sat looking at the product he told me I simply wouldn’t be able to buy. At this point, I was smelling a bunch of something, and it wasn’t bananas! Here’s the thing: in that moment, I changed my mind about him and his company. I went from trying not to offend him by saying I thought his product was poor, to feeling like he was trying to con me. Maybe he simply didn’t know his market, maybe he was trying to push through a sale, but I didn’t see his claims as a mistake. I saw them as misleading and devious. The security industry is filled with claims that aren’t accurate. People shout about their product being the first ever to do X or Y, when it’s not. They say their service is the only one that achieves X or Y, when it’s not. The industry is awash with first evers, biggest and fastest evers, and whilst some of these claims might be down to those making them not knowing their market, few are! We have an industry where some new start-ups instantly proclaim themselves as market-leading! If a company knowingly makes false claims, that’s dishonest and I don’t want to deal with them. If a company mistakenly makes false claims, it shows that they don’t understand their market, and that in itself is worrying. Let’s be honest here; if they don’t know their market, then their product really isn’t going to be good, is it?

case apr13_000_Benchmark_dec12 27/02/2013 18:22 Page 2

Case Study

On the cards hen the concept of ‘smart cards’ was first touted in the UK, many years ago, there was something a negative feeling about the technology. Fears surrounding personal data were widespread, and the general feeling was that the technology wasn’t welcomed. The slow acceptance of the benefits on offer does go some way to underline the fact that perceptions are harder to disprove and dislodge than realities! Of course, over the years the technology has grown, and is used increasingly in a diverse range of industries. The term ‘smart card’ has slipped from use, and today those utilising the technology are more aware of the benefits on offer. One significant benefit of the technology exists in applications were multiple applications require the use of a credential. Being able to control various elements via one solution makes increasing sense, especially if the data from the various elements can be used to create a smoother and more effective experience for the user. Additionally, the resultant data can also be utilised to assist in the creation of enhanced management policies. Reduced credential management also can deliver true cost efficiencies!


A ‘One Card’ option The University of Salford introduced its ‘One Card’ project in 2011, following the development of its high tech digital learning and research campus at MediaCityUK. The site, flagged as a centre for digital and creative industries, is home to the BBC, ITV and SIS, as well as the digital and creative faculty of the University. The site houses around 1,500 students, and boasts radio and television studios, post-production facilities and digital media suites. The One Card project is designed to allow students and staff access to facilities, buildings and services throughout the campus. When a student enrols, specific details of their course and learning requirements are uploaded to the system where an access profile is created and linked to their student profile. This then authorises them for access to their distinct learning areas, as well as to other services and general

Given the numerous applications that chip-based cards can deliver, it is not surprising that many are looking towards a single credential-based solution for a wide number of applications. Indeed, access control is now just one of many benefits such solutions deliver. areas. In addition, the access control element of the system is complemented by a room management system. This enables staff and students to book available rooms for study or project-based work via the central system. This approach allows the access profiles of staff or students to be adapted to meet needs as they arise, without a need to reconfigure general settings through the core system software. The heart of the system – which manages vending and purchasing functions, management of facility bookings, printing rights, library management and parking control, as well as access to buildings and


case apr13_000_Benchmark_dec12 27/02/2013 18:23 Page 3

Case Study

A Smart Approach MIFARE DESFire EV1 is designed for applications where multi-application smart cards are required. It brings together a variety of applications such as identity, access control, vending and purchasing applications and car park management. It delivers fast and secure data transmission, whilst also benefitting from flexible memory management and interoperability with various other systems. It is based on open global standards for both connectivity and cryptographic protection. Featuring an on-chip back-up management system and mutual three pass authentication, a MIFARE DESFire EV1 card can hold up to 28 different applications, with 32 files per application. The chipset includes features to deliver data integrity, but not at the expense of speed. Data transfer rates up to 848Kbps can be achieved. rooms – is an access control system. The Janus solution from Grosvenor Technologies was already in use at the original campus buildings of the University, where in excess of 300 card readers are installed. As the needs of the University expanded, so the softwarebased system was used as the core of the new project. This development was aided by the fact that the solution utilises an ‘open’ database, which delivered the benefit of allowing a wider range of information to be stored and managed. Some access control systems have limited or restricted databases, only allowing data relative to the system’s core functions to be stored. The ‘open’ nature also enabled simpler integration with other solutions, such as the room management system from Condeco and a printing solution from Ricoh. The database is also able to share information with regard to sports facilities and library requirements. Derek Drury, CIO, Information Services at the University, stated, ‘Grosvenor Technology was pivotal in successfully bringing together several key strategies into a 'one card fits all' solution. With a single card our staff and students link into parking, secure access, the library, ‘follow me’ printing, leisure facilities and fund loading for catering and printing. It is one of the most complex implementations in the University, touching multiple systems across the campus. The success of the project has been measured in the wealth of integration, across the entire University, and enjoyed by all.’ The cards include a number of elements, such as photographic ID, magnetic stripe, bar codes and smart storage. On enrolment, the student’s image, if not already available, is captured by the card services bureau and 34

uploaded to a central server for access by other university databases and services. This is achieved via the system’s software. One of the challenges for the One Card project was to get all the third-party integrations to use a single unique credential. The DESFire EV1 card was used as the core component. However, to achieve interoperability with the other solutions, multiple methods of identification are required from the single card to satisfy the criteria for all the platforms. These include an internally AES-encrypted number, a 56-bit DESFire unique ID, a 32-bit classic Mifare emulation, and encoded magstripe and printed barcodes. Each of these components are captured at the time of card personalisation and made available for the relevant systems. The central software enables full management reporting that allows detailed analysis of card access events. One example of how the University uses the reporting facilities is with regard to the library. The system analyses data pertaining to the number of students and staff using the facility at any given time or period of the day. The reports can determine the peak and average usage, and to which school or college the user is assigned. The total time spent in the library by individuals can also be assessed. The collected management data helps the library to better plan and improve its services to students and staff. The system uses distributed intelligence, which enhances overall fault-tolerance. The central server interfaces to card readers via intelligent door controllers located at each access point. Each controller is a standalone unit that can control two doors/locks and is compatible with a wide range of card readers and lock mechanisms. Every card profile associated with an individual controller is downloaded to the unit to ensure continued operation, even in the event of a network or power failure.

In summary The benefits of a One Card implementation are obvious, and can streamline the data handling processes, as well as making operations simpler for on-site users. As is proven by the University of Salford’s implementation, the interoperation not only delivers ease of use for cardholders, but also enhances site management.

039_benchmark_April13 07/03/2013 17:02 Page 1

Less worry…


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D-Link offers advanced IP solutions for environments of all shapes and sizes. With over 25 years of networking excellence, no-one is better placed to assist with your next IP surveillance project.

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bandwidth_000_Benchmark_mar13 04/03/2013 06:43 Page 1

Free Flowing?

There are a number of theories about what is acceptable and what isn’t when it comes to bandwidth management. One thing is obvious, however; as the demand for higher resolution video increases, so the pressure to implement ever more effective bandwidth control also rises. Benchmark considers a number of options, before testing them out in the next issue! hen it comes to IP-enabled video, there are two major benefits on offer. The first is that the technology allows us to break free of the limitations associated with composite video, where resolution was capped. The second is the ability to exploit the flexibility and interoperability of the infrastructure. Both of these are positive benefits, and when considered in isolation they do seem to promise a brave new world where video surveillance can only get better and better and better... Of course, a healthy dose of reality will soon put things into a less optimistic frame of reference. Every system has finite resources. Even if you throw large amounts of money at



the issues, you will still find that there are ceilings! They might take longer to reach, but one truth is that the costs increase significantly for ever smaller hikes in capacity. There will come a point when even the deepest pockets simply won’t be deep enough. Bandwidth isn’t a negative issue with regard to network-connected video surveillance. Some do try to paint it that way, but they have their own agendas to pursue! However, bandwidth is one aspect of system design that does require careful management. The first step in gaining an appreciation of how to control bandwidth is to balance an understanding of surveillance with a good grasp of network capacity.

Down the ‘pipe’ Bandwidth is often referred to in a number of ways: network capacity, throughput, load, data traffic, etc.. What it really boils down to is the amount of data being transferred over a period of time. If you have a large amount of data, and it needs to be transferred at a fast rate, then it requires a larger amount of bandwidth. If you reduce the amount of data, or increase the timescale it will be transferred in (or both), then you reduce the requirement for bandwidth. It comes down to a balance of time and data size.

bandwidth_000_Benchmark_mar13 04/03/2013 08:42 Page 2

Bandwidth Management

Now consider surveillance. The first issue is that video streams need to arrive in a timely fashion. There is nothing of benefit if an operator becomes aware of an incident after it has happened. Indeed, such an eventuality might even create more problems due to a false sense of security , along with liability issues if a serious event is missed. Slowing the flow of data to increase the transmission timescale doesn’t offer a credible method of bandwidth management for surveillance. Many network management techniques have evolved with typical datahandling applications in mind. These work on the basis that when a file is updated and saved, it is transmitted from the relevant node. At other times, no data is being moved across the network from that specific node. Back-ups are scheduled for periods when the network isn’t in general use. However, with video surveillance, the nodes – in this case cameras or encoders – are constantly producing files, sometimes at a rate of 25 files every second! These files are continuously transmitted, from multiple nodes. Even a small transmission delay would very quickly grow to the point that the video would be compromised. Therefore, when considering bandwidth management for video surveillance, the only credible option is to manage the amount of data being transmitted.

Reducing the load Reducing the amount of data produced by a video surveillance system doesn’t necessarially mean that the information must be ‘thrown away’. There are two approaches. One is to reduce the total amount of data on the network, and the other is to localise the data handling. With the former option, information will inevitably be lost. The latter option allows all of the data to be stored securely, but only low resolution files are streamed. If an operator needs more detail, then and only then will they bring back the bandwidth-heavy footage. Modern compression techniques have helped to reduce bandwidth requirements. However, there are a few issues with compression. Some manufacturers make claims such as reductions of video frames to less than 10Kb. Such figures are attainable, but the video quality will be badly affected. Given that one of the reasons for moving to networked video is higher resolutions, such

an approach makes no sense! As an aside, it should be remembered that file sizes are measured in bytes, while bandwidth is measured in bits. One byte is made up of eight bits. The standard methods of reducing data file sizes include reducing the frame rate and lower resolutions. There are issues with both approaches. With frame rate reduction, it is important that the end user is aware of the situation. For example, if they have purchased an HD solution, then any reduction in frame rate will mean that the system is technically no longer delivering HD streams! Equally, where the reason for a system upgrade is to achieve enhanced quality, then a resolution reduction may be counter-productive. With the latest compression algorithms, there is a possibility to reduce the GOV (group of video) length. Also often referred to as GOP (group of pictures), this adjusts the frequency of the capture of full I-Frames. The I-Frames are used as a reference when creating the predictive P-Frames, and are more bandwidthheavy. Care needs to be taken when adjusting the GOV length, as long periods without a reference frame can lead to some unexpected artefacts which could call the credibility of evidential video into question. In many applications, a better understanding of how compression works can facilitate reductions in bandwidth requirements. For example, with predictive compression algorithms, an image with noise caused by low light conditions will require more bandwidth. Even in a constant bit-rate system, the image quality will fall due to larger file sizes. This is because the compression engine ‘sees’ the noise as motion. Therefore it uses less of the detail from the reference I-Frame, and captures (and transmits) more data for the P-Frame. In general, the cleaner, sharper and brighter the viewed scene and resulting image, the less bandwidth will be required to deliver an image of an acceptable quality. Simply applying best practice can deliver real-world bandwidth savings.

Next issue... The theory discussed is all well and good, but what is the real cost of bandwidth reduction? Benchmark will test systems in a variety of configurations to see how the various methods actually impact on the bandwidth requirements for a surveillance solution.


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Round-Up: Fully Functioned Network Domes Network-connected dome cameras offer full pan, tilt and zoom functionality have been improving steadily with regard to performance. Benchmark takes a look at some of the leading units. Panasonic WV-SC385E


Download the Samsung SNP-3371THP specsheet

Download the Everfocus EPN4220/C specsheet


The WV-SC385E is a fully functioned day/night dome that offers multiple streams with H.264/MPEG4 and JPEG options. The camera delivers up to 1280 x 960 resolution in real time, featuring a 1/3 inch MOS sensor. Optical zoom is 18x, although this can be extended to 36x in VGA mode. Focal length is 4.7–84.6mm. Functionality includes a host of Panasonic’s own features, such as Super Dynamic, Face SD, adaptive black stretch and facial recognition (with a compatible server). It also delivers video motion detection within presets, privacy masking, AGC, noise reduction, and slow shutter mode. Low light performance is quoted as 0.5 lux. Mechanical functionality includes 350 degree pan and a tilt range of 120 degrees. Maximum speed is 300 degrees per second for presets, or 100 degrees per second for manual operation. The WV-SC385E supports up to 64 presets, as well as preset sequencing and auto-tracking. Other features include alarm inputs and outputs, two way audio and an integral SD/SDHC card slot. The unit uses a 12V DC power source (not included) or PoE. It is supplied with a quick start guide with the full manual on a CD. Once logged in to the camera the menus are logically laid out and intuitive. Image quality is very good, but you expect that when you pay a price-premium. Detail is sharp, colour accuracy is spot on, and with bandwidth set at the maximum 8Mbps everything looks impressive. Reducing the bandwidth to a more realistic 4Mbps doesn’t create any issues. The camera holds a decent colour image until around 2 lux, when noise begins to creep in. At 1 lux colours start to fade, and then the camera switches. PTZ operation is very good. The directional arrows tend to move the camera in steps, but the track pad allows smooth and easily controlled variable speed use.

80% D-Link DCS-6818 The DCS-6818 is a fully functioned dome that delivers day/night performance. The camera offers dual streams with MPEG4 and M-JPEG options for D1 (720 x 576) resolution in real time. It employs a 1/4 inch CCD. Optical zoom is 36x, and focal length is 3.4–122.4mm. Video functionality includes VMD, privacy masking, AGC, wide dynamic range and backlight compensation. Sensitivity is quoted as 0.1 lux. Mechanical functionality includes 360 degree continuous pan and a tilt range of 200 degrees with auto-flip. Maximum speed is 400 degrees per second. The DCS-6818 supports up to 256 presets, as well as 8 paths made up from up to 32 presets. There are also 4 autopan choices. Other features include 8 alarm inputs and 1 output, an integral heater and fan, and video management software is included. The unit uses a 24V AC power source (included). It is supplied with a quick start guide but the full manual is on a disk. The camera offers video streams in MPEG4 or M-JPEG; if you’re looking for smooth real-time video, then it’s best to opt for the MPEG-4 stream. The camera doesn’t offer H.264, which is a nod to its age. Maximum bitrate is 3Mbps. However, at full bitrate with MPEG-4, the DCS-6818 is still a useful camera, and quality is good enough for security applications! The camera starts to show deterioration in image quality between 4 and 5 lux. Day/night switching occurred at around 2 lux, which was too late. This cannot be adjusted! The DCS-6818 is basic, and whilst it does offer a number of traditional security settings, fine tuning of these is not always possible. PTZ operation is decent. If you want smooth motion when manually controlling the camera, use the lower speeds. All typical functionality is there, albeit with differing names (for example, Cruise is an auto-learn process).

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80% Vista VK2600PTZ The VK2-600PTZ is a fully functioned dome with day/night performance. The camera offers dual streams, with H.264 and MPEG4 options as well as JPEG images. Utilising a 1/4 inch Exview CCD, the camera delivers 4CIF resolution in real-time. Optical zoom is 22x, and there is also a 16x digital zoom. The lens has a focal length of 3.9–85.8mm. Video functionality includes wide dynamic range, video motion detection within presets and privacy masking, along with the usual suspects such as AWB, backlight compensation, AGC, etc.. There are also adjustments for colour, brightness, sharpness, and a digital image flip. Low light performance is quoted as 0.5 lux. With regard to mechanical functionality, the unit delivers 360 degree continuous pan and a tilt range of 180 degrees with auto-flip. Maximum speed is 380 degrees per second. Up to 120 presets are supported, asare 4 tours of up to 42 functions and 4 patterns of up to 200 seconds. Other features include two-way audio, an alarm input and output, RS485 connection and network security features such as IP filtering. The unit uses a 12V DC power source (not included). It is supplied with a quick start guide, and the full manual is on a CD. It’s fair to say that the menu itself isn’t intuitive, and whilst it is navigated using a virtual multidirectional controller, the Return key won’t do anything when you try to enter the access password. It took a good 15 minutes to work out how to do this: it’s a combination of the Control On/Control Off buttons. Image quality is very good, and the optical quality is high. Colour accuracy is faithful, and the image carries good detail, even at a midquality setting. With a real-time 4CIF stream, there were no dropped frames with bandwidth set to its highest level (around 4Mbps). Dropping back to more typical 2Mbps for 4CIF images didn’t see any detrimental effect. Low light performance is good. The camera switched at around 6.5 lux, which sounds a tad early, but it is actually just right. Mechanical operation is good with regard to tours, presets and patterns. Manual control is decent enough. If you’re ham-fisted then you will overshoot, but mouse control is rarely as fine as a joystick. If you depend on manual control, use the RS485 connection for this

JVC VN-V685U The VN-V685U is a fully functioned dome that delivers day/night performance. The camera offers dual streams with MPEG4 and JPEG options for VGA (640 x 480) resolution in real time. It employs a 1/4 inch CCD. Optical zoom is 27x, and focal length is 3.43–92.6mm. Video functionality includes VMD within presets, privacy masking, AGC, noise reduction and sens-up. Sensitivity is quoted as 1 lux for a 50 per cent signal. Mechanical functionality includes 360 degree continuous pan and a tilt range of 190 degrees with auto-flip. Maximum speed is 400 degrees per second. The VN-V685U supports up to 100 presets, as well as auto-patrols. It also offers motion tracking, and intelligent tracking. Other features include alarm inputs and outputs and network security features such as IP filtering. The unit uses a 24V AC power source (not included) or PoE. It is supplied with a full manual. Connecting to the camera is easy, and you are prompted to load a few Active X elements, after which a JPEG image stream is shown. When you switch to the MPEG4 stream, a popup informs you that “ffdshow” needs to be installed. JVC doesn’t supply a CD with utilities, and the manual tells you to download the codec from the internet. The codec isn’t a JVC tool; it’s an open source project. It is generally considered to be safe, but that’s no guarantee, plus you must ensure that the package you download and run is what it claims to be. We found the codec was fragile and kept dropping the video. Whilst open source products are free, they can also be unreliable, and there are many different builds of this particular codec. Image quality is as good as you’ll get from a VGA camera. Detail is noticeably lower than with other units. Colour accuracy is good, with faithful replication throughout the range. With a real-time stream, there were no issues with frame rate when bandwidth was set at 2Mbps, nor did compression have any detrimental effect. Noise becomes obvious in the image at around 6 lux, but the unit doesn’t switch until around 2 lux! PTZ operation is good, with smooth motion at the lower speeds, even with mouse control. Pushing the speeds up does create a tendency to overshoot. Zoom quality is good, and tracking functions well. The three auto-patrols can include up to 99 positions each.



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Everfocus EPN4220/C


Grundig GCI-K1779P

The EPN4220 employs a Sony 1/3 inch CMOS chipset to deliver a resolution of up to HD1080P, with dual streaming that makes use of H.264 and M-JPEG algorithms. The camera has a quoted sensitivity of 3 lux. Optical zoom ratio is 20x. Video functionality includes WDR, motion detection, AGC, backlight compensation, privacy masking and an integral MicroSD/SDHC card slot. Mechanical performance delivers 360 degree continuous pan, and a tilt range of 90 degrees. Maximum speed is 360 degrees per second for pan, and 180 degrees per second for tilt operations. The dome supports up to 192 presets, as well as the creation of 4 patterns of 90 seconds each, and 16 tours consisting of 16 preset positions. Other features include four alarm inputs with one output and two way audio. The camera is supplied with a paper quick start guide; the full manual is on a CD. The unit also comes with a PSU. It’s a 120V unit with a non UK plug, so you’ll need to be sourcing a more suitable alternative. The unit is configured using DHCP and a supplied utility. It’s basic, and whilst it found the camera immediately, it took three attempts for the IP address changes to be saved. However, once done the rest of the connection and set-up process was simple.

The configuration menu isn’t the cleanest you’ll see in this market sector, but it’s fairly intuitive and does the job. To be honest, once the camera is up and running you’re not going to be dipping into it on a regular basis. The camera offers video streams in H.264 or M-JPEG; at the highest resolution (HD1080p) in real time, latency with M-JPEG is around 5 seconds, so stick to H.264 – which most will do anyway! With the more efficient processing, the image is clean and motion is smooth. Colour fidelity is high, although there is a very slight bias towards warmer tones (this can be adjusted out if desired). Maximum bitrate is 6Mbps, which does allow clean and consistent footage to be captured. Reducing the bit-rate to 4Mbps doesn’t have any significant detrimental effect on quality. The camera holds a clean relatively noisefree colour image until around 6 lux. Day/night switching is adjustable, and the earliest we could get the camera to change modes was at around 5 lux. Given that there are 28 threshold levels, it might be nice if there was an option to switch earlier. PTZ operation is decent if you stick to low speeds. Whilst pan and tilt control is good once you’re used to it, zoom is a bit frantic, and you do find yourself using it very carefully. Setting up presets and tours is simple, and is achieved via the PTZ menu.

The GCI-K1779P is a fully functioned day/night dome that offers a resolution of up to HD1080P, 79% with dual streaming that makes use of H.264 and M-JPEG algorithms. The camera utilises a 1/2.8 inch CMOS sensor, and has a quoted sensitivity of 0.1 lux for a 50IRE image. The camera has an optical zoom ratio of 18x, and a focal length of 4.7-84.6mm. Video functionality includes wide dynamic range, privacy zones and video motion detection. Mechanical functionality includes 360 degree continuous pan and a tilt range of 200 degrees. Maximum speed is 400 degrees per second for presets, or 90 degrees per second for manual operation. The dome supports up to 256 presets, as well as the creation of 8 patterns. Other features include four alarm inputs with one output, two-way audio and an integral MicroSD/SDHC card slot. The camera can be powered via PoE or 24V AC; a power supply is not included. There is an A4 quick start guide, and a CD containing viewing software, an IP finder utility and a PDF of the full manual. Connection to the camera is initiated via a static IP address. The Finder utility did not find the camera, even when the unit was up and running on the network! Streaming a real-time HD1080p image with 8Mbps bandwidth and a H.264 stream delivers a high quality image. Motion is fluid, detail is sharp and colours are replicated well. There is a slight bias towards warmer tones, but it’s not obvious in everyday use. Reducing the bandwidth to 4Mbps doesn’t have a detrimental effect on overall performance. There is a lag of around half of one second, but it is consistent. As light levels fall, the camera’s simplistic configuration options do pretty much leave you at the mercy of the automatic processing. Noise becomes visible at around 5 lux, and colours lose their fidelity at around 4 lux. The settings are automatic, and our camera switched at 1.5 lux, which was too late. Mechanical operation is good with regard to programmed elements such as presets and sequences (tours), which are easy to set up. Manual control is a bit haphazard and takes a very gentle touch.


Project1_PSI_Oct12 27/09/2012 13:13 Page 1

What other range of HD-SDI equipment gives you all these options? Whether you're looking to install a full HD-SDI system or a hybrid one, you'll find everything you need in Videcon's HD-SDI range. All cameras and DVRs work at 1080p resolution, and can be switched to 720p if required. The DVR options include 4, 8 and 16 channels, as well as a 16 channel hybrid option. Our wide choice of cameras even includes domes, IR bullets and a high speed dome.


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Hikvision DS-2DF1-783


The D2-2DF1-783 is a fully functioned dome with day/night performance and integral illuminators. The latter are claimed to have a range of 100 metres. The camera offers dual streams, with H.264 and MJPEG options. The main stream is HD1080p, while the sub-stream can be up to 4CIF. The unit uses a 1/2.8 inch CMOS sensor. Optical zoom is 20x, and there is also a 12x digital zoom. The lens has a focal length of 4.7–94mm. Video functionality includes wide dynamic range, video motion detection, privacy masking, AGC, digital noise reduction and twoway audio. There are also adjustments for colour, brightness, sharpness, as well as supplementary options. Low light performance is quoted as 1.7 lux. Mechanical functionality includes 360 degree continuous pan and a tilt range of 100 degrees with auto-flip. Maximum speed is 240 degrees per second pan and 200 degrees per second tilt on presets, or 160 degrees per second pan and 120 degrees per second tilt with manual operation. Up to 256 presets are supported, as well as 8 tours of up to 32 presets and 4 patterns. Other features include two alarm inputs and outputs, RS485 connection and support for an

Samsung SNP-3371THP

SD/SDHC card. The unit uses a 24V AC power source (included). It is supplied with an operation guide, and a CD containing viewing software. Connection to the camera is via a static IP address. The process is painless, although you will need to adjust the PC’s address to match the camera before you assign it the required address. The menu is fairly intuitive, and the only quibble is that some changes prompt you to reboot the camera, even if the configuration isn’t finished! With a real-time HD1080p image, with bandwidth set to its highest level (around 8Mbps) and a H.264 stream, quality is good. Colours are clean and motion is smooth, and manual PTZ functionality is more than usable if you keep to the lower speeds. Dropping the bandwidth to 4Mbps doesn’t greatly affect the overall performance. Low light performance is average. The image starts to show noise at around 5 lux, but the earliest we could get it to switch was 1.6 lux, which was too late. Mechanical operation is good with regard to tours, presets and patterns, which are very easy to set up. Manual control is decent enough if you keep the overall speeds limited; this will still allow the tracking of objects.


The SNP-3371THP is a fully functioned day/night dome that offers multiple streams with H.264, MPEG4 and JPEG options. The camera delivers up to 4CIF resolution in real time, featuring a 1/4 inch double density CCD sensor with virtual progressive scan. Optical zoom is 37x, and focal length is 3.5–129.5mm. As is the case with most Samsung cameras, video functionality is high. The unit boasts wide dynamic range, SSDR contrast enhancement, SSNR noise reduction, digital image stabilisation, video motion detection, privacy masking, AGC and slow shutter mode. It also features intelligent video analytics. These include directional detection, virtual tripwire, object appear and disappear, and scene change: a license is not required. Sensitivity is quoted as 0.7 lux. Mechanical functionality includes 360 degree continuous pan and a tilt range of 190 degrees. Maximum speed is 500 degrees per second for presets, or 120 degrees per second for manual operation. The dome supports up to 255 presets, as well as auto-tracking. Other features include alarm inputs and outputs, two-way audio and an integral SD/SDHC card slot. The unit is supplied with a paper quick start guide and two mini-CDs: the first contains the full manual along with installation software, whilst the other includes the Samsung Net-i viewer software. Connecting the camera to the network can be done via a static IP address. The IP Install utility also works well and allows multiple units to be set-up quickly. The menus are straightforward. One slight niggle is that some settings cannot be over-typed. You need to delete the existing figures before typing in new ones! Aside from that, the configuration has a very ‘security’ feel to it. With the unit streaming a 4CIF image with a bandwidth of 5Mbps, image quality is very good with minimal latency. Colour fidelity is high and detail is sharp. In reality, at 5Mbps you expect this; reducing bandwidth to a more realistic 2Mbps does see very slight signs of pixelation on edges, but moving to around 2.5Mbps smooths things out. In low light, the iPolis unit doesn’t have the depth of adjustment that the corresponding analogue units offer. However, the image remains clean and noise-free – without pushing the processing to a point where it becomes obvious in the image – until around 5 lux. The earliest we could get the camera to switch was around 1.5 lux, which we felt was too late. Automated PTZ control is good, and easy to implement. Manual control at the lower speeds works well, and makes tracking targets simple.


039_benchmark_sep12 11/08/2012 16:17 Page 1

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Project1_Layout 1 11/03/2013 10:41 Page 1

guard apr13_000_Benchmark_nov12 04/03/2013 16:33 Page 1

Guard Tour Systems

Man Management ystems which use a high degree of technology have some very positive benefits for those that are seeking security, safety and protection of assets and people. Where installed correctly and made up of credible and proven devices, such systems can operate around the clock, without any need for downtime. The systems are always alert, consistently in position, and do not suffer from distractions or indiscretions. Whilst it often said that an electronic system won’t have a nap the minute your back is turned, or help themselves to the office stationery, it must also be said that there is one thing that a manned presence can do which an electronic system cannot; apply reason to a situation. With a system, things are very linear. If a person is detected in an area that should be clear, then it is an alarm condition. Either there is a person there, or there isn’t, and that’s all that matters to a system. Who that person might be, why they are there, and how they got there doesn’t really change the circumstance. Where a manned element excels is precisely with regard to the application of reason. They can assess the situation, gather facts, establish the full circumstances and make an informed decision. That factor alone makes the man and machine interface so valuable.


In harmony? It has to be said that the earlier versions of today’s guard management systems existed for one main reason. Watch-clocks were introduced to stop guards and night watchmen from simply spending the night asleep at their post, or nipping off home as soon as everyone else had left the premises. The units were passive, and included a mechanism which printed an ID number embossed on a key alongside a time stamp. The keys would then be hung on chains at the extreme points of a patrol that the guard was supposed to carry out. On arrival at the checkpoints, the key was inserted into the watch-clock and turned. The imprint onto the paper disk or tape then served as evidence that the patrol had been carried out. A supervisor could then collect the media from the watch-clock, and check when the

There are a number of sites that utilise manned services in conjunction with systems-based solutions. The combination of man and machine works well with one proviso; the system must incorporate an element to ensure that the man delivers his part of the solution without the frailties of human nature getting in the way. Benchmark considers how technology can play a role.

patrols were carried out, and how long had been spent between the various points of the patrol. Whilst this ensured that the company only paid the guard if patrols were carried out as specified, it did little to assist the guard or offer protection should an incident occur. In today’s sector, initiatives such as the Private Security Industry Act, alongside better levels of training, support and on-going assessment, ensure that the manned sector has moved forwards with regards to credibility. Many of the issues that affected the reputation of manned guarding as an industry have been minimised. More importantly, passive systems have been replaced with active solutions that not only ensure that patrols are being carried out, but also afford a higher degree of protection to the on-site personnel. Indeed, some systems can assist if and when a worse-case scenario unfolds.


guard apr13_000_Benchmark_nov12 11/03/2013 17:35 Page 2

Guard Tour Systems

Modern guard management systems can afford a higher degree of protection to on-site staff Two-way data Today’s solutions use a number of technologies, ranging from RFID readers through to GPS and wireless tracking systems. Such systems can still log the patrols of a manned presence, along with time-related data, which delivers two main benefits. Firstly, it allows a management company or the end user to be aware that the patrols have happened, and it also protects the guards should it be implied that they have somehow failed to carry out their duties. However, because the technologies can easily be integrated with other systems, it is simple to add an extra layer of functionality that not only allows a greater degree of personnel management, but also offers onsite staff a level of protection.

Tracking systems can be utilised to not only deliver real-time information on a guard’s whereabouts and his movements, but can also identify when an operative is immobile, which could be indicative of an injury or incident. Equally, as patrol patterns are assessed, any deviation from a prescribed route, or delay during a patrol, could be flagged as a potential source of concern. Where such a issue arises, the data can be shared with other systems to allow a response to be co-ordinated, and to allow support from other personnel. It is important that traditional guard tour mentality – a tool for checking on guards – does not allow some of the more positive benefits to be missed.

In summary Systems for guard management not only deliver performance guarantees, but can increase protection for personnel too. They should be considered as a part of the overall security solution.

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Project1_benchmark_March13 08/02/2013 14:41 Page 1

leeds test apr13_000_Benchmark_mar13 04/03/2013 16:35 Page 3

Professional Test

Please Note – The CI-12-ASP-DAASS is a simple system, but delivers a high degree of functionality. Many of its features are easy to miss, and raise several points. Rather than truncate important information, it has been decided to publish the test report over two issues. The first part of the report was published in the March 2013 issue.

A Bridge Too Far? (Part 2) I n the last issue of Benchmark we took a look over the latest incarnation of the 2YLink system from Leeds Electronics. The manufacturer’s two-wire system has been around for a good few years now, and a program of updates have seen increased levels of functionality added on a regular basis. The latest version retains the previous combination of video data, low power and telemetry data transmitted over two wires, and adds audio (one way, and two-way on one channel) and alarm data too. Whereas in the past Leeds has been bold enough to state that its 2Y-Link system worked effectively over common standard bellwire – and previous Benchmark tests proved that it did – the latest version’s manual only makes reference to Cat 5 cable or better. Given the higher functionality from the system, and the low cost of Cat 5 or Cat 6 cable, we’d advise sticking to that!

Installation The first stage of the installation is to locate the CI-12-ASP-DAASS. This is the main unit, and is what Leeds refers to as the signal processor. This should be fitted in the rack with the DVR. It can be generally accepted that there are two sides to the signal processor, and the fascia you want facing in the same direction as the rear of the DVR is the side that houses the BNC video and audio outputs. Effectively, this

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It is well known that one of the more significant contributors to labour costs during a system installation is pulling cables. This is further impacted as additional features and functions are required, especially as many systems are reliant on specific cable types, which are often not compatible with other devices within the same system. Leeds Electronics claims to have a solution with the latest incarnation of its 2Y-Link system.

includes the connections that are made to the video recorder. Each channel output is linked to the input on the DVR using a short coaxial flylead. The audio also uses BNC connections, which is one of the few negatives about the cabling process. Next to the two rows of BNCs are the alarm outputs. These are screw-type connectors, and are wired into alarm inputs on the DVR. Alternatively, they can connected to any other devices to be switched by the relays. Finally there is a screw-type block should you wish to connect a telemetry controller on a two-wire link – there is also a RJ45 connection – as well as connections for a microphone input and speaker output; again these are screw-type connections.


leeds test apr13_000_Benchmark_mar13 04/03/2013 16:35 Page 4

Professional Test

Aside from a socket for 240V AC input and a power switch, that completes the links with the video recorder. The ‘front’ side of the signal processor predominantly houses the connections for the remote devices. The inputs use RJ45 connections. At this point you have to decide which way you are going to wire the system. There are two choices. Each camera connection uses one pair from the Cat 5 or 6 cable for the video, audio, power, telemetry and alarm data. As a result you can either run a single Cat 5 cable for each unit, albeit with three unused pairs, or you can run one cable supporting four cameras. The latter choice does require the use of a break-out connector at the far end of the run to split off to the cameras. There are 15 connections in all: 12 for the individual camera channels, and three for camera groups; these are 1-4, 5-8 and 9-12.

Considering costings The first point to make about the 2Y-Link is that the system is, to a large extent, passive. It sits in the background, and simply manages the distribution of data and power over the cabling. As it adds nothing to the functionality, how does purchasing the system actually enable a return on investment? There is obviously a cost-saving as a single pair replaces all the required cables for video, telemetry, audio, alarms and power. It doesn’t just relate to the overall cost of the cables; there is also the time spent pulling additional cables that needs to be considered! What is probably more important is the cost saving made with regard to power. Typically, a fused spur would need to be installed at every device location, and where the installer or integrator is not appropriately qualified, this creates a requirement for an electrician as a sub-contractor. The cost for the installation of spurs, along with the materials required for the job, is eliminated with the 2Y-Link. Additionally, once the spurs are paid for and in place, traditionally cabled systems would also require PSUs to regulate low power for the cameras. This represents yet another cost-saving for the system. Also, PSUs for other devices, such as audio units, need to be factored in. Add to this the capability to break out cabling, further reducing installation time, and the 2Y-Link increasingly makes sense. 52

In reality, the layout of the site will dictate how you work. If you have three or four cameras in close proximity, but at some distance from the control room, then the latter approach will save time. If the cameras are spread out, then the former approach is cleaner. It is worth remembering when you design the system that audio on the channels is oneway, aside from channel 12 which supports two-way audio. This must be linked to the camera where a two-way audio challenge is required. Other connections on the front of the unit are for the previously mentioned RJ45 telemetry connection, and screw-type terminals for alarm inputs. Whilst alarm data from the cameras is carried over the Cat 5 connection, these are for push-buttons should a manually initiated alarm function for the control room be needed. There are also a number of DIP switches which can be used to adjust brightness and sharpness of the cameras. That completes the installation of the signal processor, and there’s nothing that any installer or integrator will find challenging. At the camera end of the cable, the connections are carried out via the mixer. There are two mixer types; the PF300A12DASS and the PF300A12DAASS. The first model is used for channels 1-11 and the latter for channel 12. The main difference is that the unit for channel 12 includes two-way audio. Both units are passive, and use an RJ45 socket for the incoming Cat 5 or 6 cable. Video input from the camera is via a BNC flylead. The other connections – power, telemetry, audio, alarm and power – all use push-fit connections. As with the signal processor, the connections are clearly marked and the process is easy to follow. Where telemetry is used, a plug on power stabiliser may be required at the mixer. It feels like something of an after-thought, but the same approach has

Project1_Layout 1 11/12/2012 10:45 Page 1

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leeds test apr13_000_Benchmark_mar13 11/03/2013 11:23 Page 6

Professional Test

been used with previous variants of the 2YLink system. One last note about the installation is that in the past, the manuals for the devices haven’t been the best. Also, the markings on the units didn’t always clearly indicate what the connections were for. Thankfully Leeds has addressed both issues, and that – along with a UK distributor – could see the popularity of the system rise.

Performance When you first power up the system, you will notice that the cooling fan on the signal processor is fairly noisy. The pace and whine of it then increases when the unit is put under load. If it’s located in an unmanned room it won’t be an issue, but if the control equipment is in a manned space it does get a tad irritating. The initial power-up also led to a fair degree of hiss from the audio element, as well as an amount of crackling interference. Checking the various connections would cure one issue, only to start another up! It was necessary to check every connection carefully. We noticed that a few of the push-fit connectors on the mixers didn’t fully grip the wire, which did cause a few issues. After spending a bit of time ensuring that the connections were all good, we managed to get the system to calm down!

The video was stable and the image quality was as good as a direct coaxial connection. Detail remained high, colour fidelity was good, and there was no blur or delay in the image. We introduced some potential sources of noise, but they didn’t affect the stability. We didn’t have a need to adjust the brightness or sharpness, but we did it anyway to see what the impact was. One of the DIP switches did make the image appear to be marginally brighter, but the other three introduced interference, so we left them as they were! Power output is stable, and with the output measured there wasn’t anything to cause concern. Audio was average, but that had more to do with the microphones and speakers that we were using. We tried them in a basic dedicated audio set-up, and this highlighted their weaknesses. To be honest, the performance was the same as when they had been used with the 2Y-Link, so the Leeds system didn’t enhance or detract from their capabilities. Interestingly, despite having tested several of the previous variants of the 2Y-Link concept, we were still slightly surprised that it all worked. It is very much a perception thing that makes you think the system can’t do what is claimed; however, it does do it!

Verdict The latest version of the 2Y-Link does all the things it is supposed to do, and all across a single pair of Cat 5 or 6 cable. Ultimately, the system is passive, so you end up with the same functionality you’d have from the attached devices, but without the cabling issues. There are a couple of negative points. Using BNCs for audio introduces a requirement for another connector. The push-fit connections on the mixers need careful handling. The fan on the signal processor gets boring very quickly. Also, take care with the connections or you’ll end up fiddling with the links for a while. On the positive side, it does what it is specified to do, and in some applications will save both time and money. For some, that will be enough!


Project1_Layout 1 02/10/2012 15:07 Page 1

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physical apr13_000_Benchmark_mar13 11/03/2013 20:27 Page 2

Physical Security

andalism and theft are two of the major security risks for many businesses. Whilst electronic systems can offer a good level of protection, physical measures can also play a part. Some small businesses are pushed to breaking point because of the cost of repairing damage from attempted break-ins and vandalism. Such scenarios are not one-offs, but instead are typical of the problems faced by hundreds of sites all over the country. For many, dealing with the clear-up after an attack has become part of everyday life – it is faced up to with an air of resignation. After all, windows are – by their nature – vulnerable to attack and easily broken. The options for protection are also limited, as no one wants to see their site turned into a fortress. Physical security measures must, therefore, strike a balance between being effective and not being intrusive – in other words, they must be easy to live with. One thing to consider when selecting a physical security solution is that these devices simply work by making it too difficult and/or too time-consuming for criminals to effect an entry or to damage property. They will need to be used in conjunction with other systems if they are to be truly effective. For example, a steel door will be able to be opened by a determined criminal, and once this has been achieved, the site is obviously vulnerable. Alternatively, an alarm system might summon the police, but if they take ten minutes to arrive, a swift criminal could be long gone with valuable assets when they actually turn up. Obviously a combination of physical security and electronic systems is the best option. As it will take significantly longer to get through a security-rated steel door, the site is unlikely to be attractive to a crook, as they will be aware that such a delay will make the risk of arrest more likely.


Shutting up More commonly seen on retail establishments, retractable security shutters have now become a more popular choice for all manner of premises as they offer a security solution that can easily be removed from view. The devices can be swiftly lowered to protect a premises outside of working hours, and just as quickly raised to be virtually invisible. However, care should be taken when specifying products. A good place to start is with the Secured by Design scheme. Beyond this, it is important to insist on certain quality requirements when specifying a shutter or grille. These include that the components used to contain the device

Getting tough within the window frame should be made of metal and should deliver enough rigidity to ensure the shutter or its mounting structure cannot be bent out of position. The shutter must also be fully trapped at the top and bottom of the frame so that it cannot be levered out of place, and external rivets should be protected from attack or preferably concealed within the unit. Locks and cylinders can be highly vulnerable, and they should be of good quality and not easily accessible to potential intruders. Many lock cylinders will be resistant to attack with drills and have anti-picking technology, and these obviously give a higher level of protection. Also you can consider shutters and grilles which are locked internally, either by mechanical or electronic means, where such devices are suitable. Furthermore, the best units are equipped with reinforced side rails and slats which will defy the attempts of a determined thief. The majority of shutters are retro-fitted to existing windows, and are usually installed externally. Modern security shutters are ideal for use on tilt and turn or sash windows, but can also be adapted to all window types including those which open outwards. Thought should always be given to providing a solution which keeps the operating mechanisms out of sight as much as possible. On new build properties this should not create any difficulty as shutters can be fitted to door and window frames prior to installation to minimise work on site and to ensure a true fit. The shutter box and guide rails can then be built into the walls to ensure both a neat finish and one which is tamper resistant. Security shutters can be operated manually or electrically, and the choice of operation will depend on such things as the number and size of shutters installed. Manual operation is relatively easy as, if properly installed, the shutters will run freely and require little force. On larger buildings where automation would be desirable, systems can activate all the shutters with one command, a particular group of shutters, or any individual one. They could all also be operated manually. Grilles offer a different kind of solution, by providing some form of grid structure usually inside the window. This doesn’t prevent the window from being broken but does provide a physical barrier, stopping anyone from entering through the window aperture. These are often favoured for use in office areas, as they address

As incidents of theft, vandalism and malicious damage continue to cost businesses significant amounts, many are reconsidering the role of physical security measures in a total solution. Such an approach offers a good level of protection with a minimal cost of ownership.


physical apr13_000_Benchmark_mar13 11/03/2013 20:28 Page 3

Physical Security

the prime threat of burglary, but don’t cut out any natural light.

On the fence The concept of a perimeter fence is an easy one to grasp – physical barriers which, due to their structure, deter the would-be intruder. In the first instance, fence solutions should not be considered impenetrable. Each will have strengths and weaknesses which determine when and where they may be suitable options for specification. One of the more traditional methods of protecting a boundary is to erect a fence which is constructed from wire mesh, steel bars, etc.. These solutions provide a cost effective deterrent which – if coated with anti-climb paint or topped barbed wire or razor wire – will significantly slow down the progress of the majority of intruders. The most basic fences are suitable at sites where there is little to attract professional or opportunist thieves, yet where vandals might create a problem and cause undue damage. Electrified fences offer an effective deterrent against criminals who may otherwise cut their way through a more conventional fence. These solutions contain a powered cable which is capable of delivering a safe but unpleasant electric shock to anyone who attempts to climb over or cut through the fence. In their most basic

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form, an electric fence can be pre-programmed to activate the shock deterrent feature when the perimeter is considered to be vulnerable, such as outside of working hours. Where this type of solution is being considered, you should seek a system which additionally offers a detector facility. This will allow security personnel to be notified of the fence zone in which an attempted breach has been made. Where fences require additional security, perimeter intruder detection systems (PIDS) can be added. These systems offer a diverse range of technologies, and can be fence-mounted or buried, depending upon the needs of the site.

In summary Such physical measures are an end in themselves, but they should always be employed in concert with other security products such as alarms or video surveillance to maximise the overall effectiveness of a site’s security. Such a layered approach has proved effective in scores of applications. It should be remembered that whilst physical security adds to an overall solution, using physical devices alone may not be prudent. If a criminal is prepared to spend the time and effort to defeat a physical measure, then defeat it they will!

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Benchmark – dedicated to independent tests, assessments and reviews of security products and solutions

The Benchmark website is a PRODUCT TESTS All tests are fully independent, and manufacturers supplement to the monthly have no involvement in the process. Additionally, Benchmark makes no charge, financially or of any magazine, and includes a variety other kind, for inclusion in tests. All products are selected by an independent team. In short, it’s the of tests and assessments of the only way you can ascertain the truth about product latest products, as well as guides performance! to product selection, technology Tests are carried out by an independent team of experts, telling you the truth about the performance challenges and information about of a wide range of security equipment, warts and all. influential technologies in the CHECK PREVIOUS ISSUES Benchmark back issues are available on-line, in a security sector. All content fully interactive format, and can be accessed free of is taken from the published charge. If Benchmark has tested the product, then you can establish the level of performance expected editions of Benchmark, so you in the field! will not find drafts by GUIDES AND CHALLENGES The Benchmark website includes product guides, manufacturers marketing their highlighting products that have been tested, or that wares or marketing hype that is have been recommended by security installers, system integrators, specifiers and security regurgitated via so many other consultants. There are also Technology Challenges, debunking the hype by reporting real-world channels. The content is written experiences of the various technologies. in plain English, free from technobabble, and reflects STAY UP TO DATE genuine experiences with the Benchmark is always testing and assessing products and technologies. Keep up to date equipment, whether that be with the latest reports by following Benchmark on Twitter. good, bad or indifferent. The website is free to view.

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ifsec 64_000_Benchmark_apr13 11/03/2013 16:51 Page 1

advertisement feature – IFSEC 2013

Axis Communications Hall 4 E90 xis Communications is pleased to announce its participation at IFSEC 2013, once again on stand E90 in Hall 4. ‘Last year’s show was extremely successful for us at Axis, so it was an easy decision to make when it came to re-booking our stand for this year’s show,’ stated Atul Rajput, Regional Director of Axis Communications in Northern Europe. ‘At this year’s show not only will we be launching new products and showcasing our latest product portfolio for all security scenarios including Retail and Transportation environments, we will also be joined by five of our strategic partners, who this year include SeeTec, NEC, IPS, Swedish Connection and Fältcom. Our application development partners will be joining the rest of the Axis team on our booth, to demonstrate their complementary solutions. ‘Our strategic partnerships are a key



component of our success at Axis, so when we are given an opportunity to collaborate with these partners at key industry trade shows, we welcome the opportunity to take our best of breed approach to the marketplace. IFSEC is the perfect arena for us to promote these complimentary solutions amongst our industry peers and to also demonstrate how these solutions can meet the needs of key industry segments. ‘We are also excited to announce that our press conference will take place on Wednesday 15th May at 2pm. We welcome anyone who is interested in attending our press event to contact our PR specialist Kristina Tullberg at We are very much looking forward to this year’s show, and I am confident that it will be another great year for Axis at IFSEC.’

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ifsec 64_000_Benchmark_apr13 11/03/2013 16:51 Page 2

advertisement feature – IFSEC 2013

Camsat Hall 5 F146 his year marks CAMSAT’s 10th year in the CCTV market. During this time the company has achieved a wellestablished position in its domestic market and indeed in many other European markets in its specialist field of wireless video and data transmission. CAMSAT is delighted to be exhibiting at such a large scale trade exhibition as IFSEC this year and looks forward to exhibiting the latest solutions in the field of wireless transmission. Some products that CAMSAT will be exhibiting include the CAM5816h Multi-TX multi transmitter and CAM5816h Multi-Rx, which is proving to be a very popular solution in the market. The system operates in the licence free frequency of 5.8GHz and has a maximum of 8 operating channels (an additional 8 available for customers outside the EU). The system allows you to send 4 video signals simultaneously. This innovative


product reduces the number of wireless kits within a single install four times. Other wireless solutions, which will also be exhibited, include transmission for HD-SDI cameras (CDS-5HD), IP HD signal transmission from Megapixel cameras (CDS-5IP) and also our digital system (CDS5021h (STR). The new and improved CDS5021h (STR) benefits from an additional controller which significantly improves its operation. All of these solutions are based on secure encrypted transmission and operate in the free ISM band allocated for digital radio devices. All CAMSAT’s solutions are created to the highest standards and offer ease of use and reliability. Our partners can attest to the highest quality of all CAMSAT’s products and our professionalism in handling commercial and technical support.

CONTACT Tel: 0048523873658

Flir Hall 5 C40 hermal cameras complement and complete any security camera network by giving the user the power to see threats invisible to the naked eye, turning night into day. Thermal security cameras display images from the heat energy which surrounds us at all times, not from reflected visible light, giving a true 24/7 imaging capability without lights or illuminators. Thermal energy penetrates adverse atmospheric conditions far better than visible light, allowing the user to see objects through haze, smoke, dust and even light fog. Day and night, in good weather and bad, close up and far away, FLIR’s thermal security cameras do it all. FLIR Systems is the world leader in portable thermal imaging, and at IFSEC 2013 will be displaying its full range of cameras designed specifically for security


applications. Of particular interest will be model PT-602CZ which is equipped with a highly reliable, mid-wave, cooled detector which offers mid- to long-range detection in all weather conditions. This thermal imaging camera has a continuous optical and electronic zoom providing excellent situational awareness with the ability to zoom in at suspect activities, and a close inspection once they are detected. The PT-602CZ precision pan/tilt mechanism gives operators accurate directional control while providing fully programmable scan patterns, radar slew-tocue, and slew-to-alarm functionality. The multi-sensor configuration also includes a day/night 36x zoom colour CCD camera on the same pan/tilt package and can be integrated into existing networks or used as a standalone unit.

CONTACT Tel.: +44 (0)1732 220 011


ifsec 64_000_Benchmark_apr13 11/03/2013 16:51 Page 3

advertisement feature – IFSEC 2013

IDIS Europe Hall 5 D30 oin long-time industry leader IDIS for the launch of the game-changing, singlesource IDIS DirectIP solution at this year’s IFSEC International show. IDIS will unveil and demonstrate this next generation, plugand-play technology for security and surveillance. With the launch at IFSEC, DirectIP will instantly become the most holistic surveillance solution offered to the marketplace. IDIS will demonstrate the industry’s first true one-stop-shop HD surveillance solution from a single source provider: an optimised HD surveillance solution (closed IP Framework) consisting of IP cameras, NVRs, network equipment and client software executed as a single source solution. The Direct IP framework and VMS will further allow for simple, low cost installation and ease of use previously only associated with analogue systems. ‘As the proliferation of IP and HD systems has grown, customers, installers and endusers frequently report frustration with the many challenges presented by an overly fragmented and unnecessarily complex surveillance marketplace,’ notes Brian Song, European Director for IDIS. ‘We invite IFSEC



attendees, from each of these industry dimensions, to visit the IDIS stand and explore first-hand the unique, cost-saving benefits of the DirectIP solution for customers of any size.’ Features include: simplicity – truly plug and play, DirectIP technology offers easy installation and an intuitive user interface, reducing and in many cases eliminating the need for costly installation and integration support; high performance – offers real-time live monitoring and recording with HD resolution and pentaplex operation to customers; compatibility – interoperable with ONVIF and supports the most popular 3rd party IP camera protocols; cost effective – offers NVR quality without additional cost, while lowering installation fees, brings down training costs and requires less maintenance. IDIS will demonstrate DirectIP technology and other IDIS products throughout the show, as well as offering a range of complimentary hot and cold refreshments to IFSEC attendees. To book a demonstration of the IDIS suite, send an e-mail to

CONTACT Tel: +44 (0)203 657 5678

ifsec 64_000_Benchmark_apr13 11/03/2013 16:51 Page 4

advertisement feature – IFSEC 2013

Iluminar Hall 4 F6 luminar is a specialist manufacturer and supplier of IR and white light illuminators and license plate recognition products. Co-owners Eddie Reynolds and Joni Hamasaki bring over 30 years of combined industry experience. Together they launched Iluminar with a mission to supply high quality and reliable lighting and license plate recognition products to the video surveillance industry, backed by unsurpassed customer service.


CONTACT Iluminar, Inc. +1-281-438-3500

Mayflex Hall 4 C20 P-based security solutions offer incredible advantages over the rapidly declining coax-based analogue systems of the past. This change in technology however, can only be successfully implemented as part of a well-designed, high quality passive cabling solution, and Ethernet based network. This our heritage, and positions Mayflex uniquely as the obvious and most capable partner for integrators wishing to take advantage of the growth opportunities offered by this market. Visit our stand at IFSEC and talk to our team about how we can help with system design, product selection and demonstration. Our training, preconfiguration and maintenance programmes will ensure fault-free implementation. We are a leading distributor for brands such as ACTi, Agent Vi, APC, Aruba Networks, Avigilon, AXIS, Bosch, Cooper B-Line, CPI,


Excel, Extreme Networks, Fluidmesh, Illuminar, Level One, Milestone, Mobotix, Overland Storage, Panasonic, Paxton, QNAP, RF Code and Veracity, to name but a few. Products, partners, people and service – Mayflex brings it all together.

CONTACT Tel: 0800 881 5199


ifsec 64_000_Benchmark_apr13 11/03/2013 16:51 Page 5

advertisement feature – IFSEC 2013

Samsung Hall 5 D130 orking closely with independent software vendors is very much part of the Samsung Smart Security philosophy which is primarily about making it easy for customers who are looking for a gradual transition from an existing analogue system to a full IP network based surveillance solution. Axxon, Aimetis, Digifort, Griffid, Ipronet, Exacq, Genetec, ISS, Milestone, Mirasys, ONssi and Seetec are among the list of video management software developers that Samsung Techwin has been working with because of their ability to offer ‘open’ software specifically designed to facilitate the integration of equipment and systems from different manufacturers. Samsung Security Manager, is a licensefree video surveillance management software platform designed to enable customers, who have decided to single source all the component parts of their video surveillance solution from Samsung, to gain maximum benefit from their investment in the company’s network cameras, encoders, DVRs and NVRs. Samsung Security Manager’s client-server architecture allows for up to 1,152 cameras installed across any number of buildings or sites to be centrally managed, whilst live or recorded images captured by any of the cameras can be monitored by authorised users from anywhere on a network. “The development of our IP network range is now at a stage where it can offer customers a one-stop solution for IP network based security solutions,” said Tim Biddulph, IP Product Manager for Samsung Techwin Europe Ltd. “With this is mind it is obviously important that the functionality of our video surveillance management software makes it possible for customers to take full advantage of the ground breaking technology which we have built into our network cameras and recording solutions.” One of the keys features of Samsung Security Manager (SSM) is its intuitive



graphical user interface which allows an operator to choose a display configuration which best matches the number of cameras they need to monitor at any one time. Each configuration, which can include various split screen options in 4:3 or 16:9 display format, can be named and saved for future use. Building or site maps can be imported which can be overlaid with icons representing the locations of installed cameras. The icons can be set up to pop-up if there is a related alarm event, allowing an operator to quickly select and monitor live images from the camera which is nearest to the incident, whilst at the same time having the option to retrieve recorded video of what may have occurred before the alarm was triggered. A real-time event viewer provides an event log which can include a single channel preview as well as comments entered by an operator. The event log, which can be sorted by camera number or event type, can be exported in Excel/PDF format to be used if necessary as evidence. SSM’s graphical user interface also makes it very easy to register new devices, whilst the software support ‘health checks’ and allows for automatic upgrade of any Samsung device on the network. “SSM is an excellent example of how Samsung is focussing on what is important to our customers,” said Tim Biddulph. “Superseding our Net-i Viewer software, license-free SSM is packed full of features, such as full activity logging, normally associated with commercially available video management software.” Samsung’s professional security products are widely accessible across Europe via an extensive network of distributors.

CONTACT Tel: +44 (0)1932 45 5308

ifsec 64_000_Benchmark_apr13 11/03/2013 16:51 Page 6

advertisement feature – IFSEC 2013


CONTACT Tel: 43-1-958269820 Fax 43-1-958269827

Hall 4 I15 IDO.AT (Austria) is an original CCTV equipment and accessories manufacturer. We integrate the latest developments in video technology and present a specially designed product line-up with the best price in the industry. The growing demand in the CCTV industry requires improved and advanced technology constantly. Hence we strive to offer to our OEM and regular customers alike the new technology and features one step ahead of the competition. At VIDO.AT we focus on the ‘Performance Meets Price’ concept for a win-win partnership through which our system is successfully integrated and is on-going around the globe.


Grundig Hall 5 C30 P-based security solutions offer incredible advantages over the rapidly declining coax-based analogue systems of the past. This change in technology however, can only be successfully implemented as part of a welldesigned, high quality passive cabling solution, and Ethernet based network. This our heritage, and positions Mayflex uniquely as the obvious and most capable partner for integrators wishing to take advantage of the growth opportunities offered by this market. Visit our stand at IFSEC and talk to our team about how we can help with system design, product selection and demonstration. Our training, preconfiguration and maintenance programmes will ensure fault-free implementation.


We are a leading distributor for brands such as ACTi, Agent Vi, APC, Aruba Networks, Avigilon, AXIS, Bosch, Cooper BLine, CPI, Excel, Extreme Networks, Fluidmesh, Illuminar, Level One, Milestone, Mobotix, Overland Storage, Panasonic, Paxton, QNAP, RF Code and Veracity, to name but a few. Products, partners, people and service – Mayflex brings it all together.

CONTACT Advanced Security Products Lüttringhauser Str. 9 42897 Remscheid Germany Tel.: +49(0)2191/374 9883 Fax: +49(0)3212/130 4634


ifsec 64_000_Benchmark_apr13 11/03/2013 16:51 Page 7

advertisement feature – IFSEC 2013

Vivotek Hall 4 120 VIVOTEK’s Compact Cube Network Camera – CC8130 IVOTEK has launched a new megapixelclass camera tailored to the needs of retailers - the CC8130, to enhance VIVOTEK’s lineup of security cameras designed for the retail industry. The CC8130 is a compact cube camera especially designed for indoor surveillance with a flat back-panel for easy mounting on walls, desktop or countertops, and ideal for locations such as checkout stations, capturing faces at eye level. The unique and physically elegant design makes it the best choice for boutique, hotel, restaurant, department or convenience stores. With a 180° panoramic viewing angle, the camera provides full coverage of monitored areas without blind spots, providing complete video security. In addition, a built-in microphone to record sound within a 5 meter radius further enhances its value as a security tool. VIVOTEK’s new camera CC8130 targeted at retail environments supports industrystandard H.264 compression, drastically reducing file sizes and conserving valuable network bandwidth. Together with the ST7501 multi-lingual 32-channel recording software, customers can also take advantage of the iViewer remote monitoring app for iOS and Android mobile devices, setting up an easy-to-use IP surveillance system with ease. CC8130’s key features include 1-Megapixel CMOS Sensor, 180° horizontal panoramic view, compact and elegant design, real-time H.264 and MJPEG compression (dual codec), 30 fps @ 1280x800, and built-in IEEE 802.3af compliant PoE.


CONTACT TEL: +886 2 8245-5282 Email: 70

039_benchmark_April13 08/03/2013 17:13 Page 1

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Learn from the industry’s leading lights at the IFSEC Academy, our dedicated education programme providing high level education and training on the issues that matter most in security. With 7 dedicated education theatres helping you to create an innovative security strategy for your business, you can be sure that you have the best solutions to keep your proďŹ ts, information and people safe. Learn about best practice and implementing the latest solutions to the beneďŹ t of your customers. Visit for more details.

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SIGHT SURVEY The right displays for HD solutions


IMAGE CONSCIOUS: Considerations relating to HD image capture

THE RIGHT SUPPORT Putting the right infrastructure in place

MANAGEMENT ISSUES Integrating HD video with other surveillance options


THE BENCHMARK GUIDE TO HIGH DEFINITION VIDEO SURVEILLANCE Benchmark has produced a definitive guide to HD-based surveillance, aimed at security installers, system integrators, specifiers and all security professionals involved in the design, installation and purchase of security surveillance systems using High Definition video.

Topics covered include image capture, optics and illumination, video recording with hardware- and software-based solutions, video transport, displays, off-machine archiving, infrastructure and design considerations. The Benchmark Guide to HD Video Surveillance separates reality from hype to help security professionals create high quality credible HD security solutions. If you need to know the facts about HD video in a security environment, then you need to read the Benchmark Guide to HD video surveillance!

000__RiskUK_dec12 04/12/2012 13:26 Page 1

Gateway for Integration


INTEGRATE Apollo’s OpenConnect Gateway offers convenient incorporation of Äre detection and alarm systems into your building without compromise. OpenConnect Gateway fully integrates Äre detection with building management systems (BMS), utilising an off-the-shelf solution for a fast documented implementation. OpenConnect from Apollo - THE solution for Äre integration.

+44 (0)23 9249 2412 marketing@apollo-Ä To view the OpenConnect Range visit:

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FINAL last page apr13_000_Benchmark_nov10 03/03/2013 18:34 Page 2

The Last Word

The Last Word... Another issue of Benchmark over, and what have we learned? t is only fair to say that every manufacturer out there wants to sell more products, and if there is a feature or function that they can call their own, then they’re always going to exploit that. While for the customer ‘proprietary’ often indicates that you are going to end up with a system limited by devices that share that single element, for the manufacturer it represents the ‘buy-in’ that they want us to make. It would be churlish to consider such an approach as negative. After all, it happens across a wide number of sectors, including the consumer sector. The real issue is to understand when such an approach moves from being a case of trying to establish a competitive edge to being restrictive and potentially misleading for the customer. The security sector loves a specification sheet. Often there is information added to


these documents purely with the intention of countering claims made by another competitive product. If you know your way around the industry, you can often pick out specific details which have clearly been included to make a point about another product that the reader of the spec might also be considering. The point of concern often doesn’t come from what manufacturers have stated. It comes more from they haven’t stated. When it comes to product descriptions, the law makes a point of highlighting what a customer would consider ‘reasonable’. If those buying the product might reasonably expect something to be the case, then not mentioning it isn’t the case isn’t good enough. We agree with such thinking; the industry should be able to trust manufacturers to be fully open about product limitations!

Next Month in Benchmark... Bandwidth (Part 2) Bandwidth is something that the video surveillance sector craves. As resolutions rise, so does the need for bandwidth. There are many theories surrounding the best approach to bandwidth management; do the theories stack up in the real world? Benchmark puts them to test to see how image quality is impacted.

Access Control Network-based technology is everywhere, but is it essential to take access control forwards? Benchmark considers the options.


Video Analytics There are many who are quick to extol the virtues of video analytics, pointing out the benefits when securing a site. However, given the wide range of variables associated with most applications, might it be the case that video analytics is better off being preserved for business-related tasks? Benchmark considers the role of the technology.

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Project3_Benchmark_Nov12 04/10/2012 17:42 Page 1

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Benchmark April 2013  

Benchmark April 2013

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