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Portfolio’14


Name: Prakriti Jain Age: 20yrs Course: UG B.A . Honours Interior Architecture and Design Institute: Pearl Academy, Delhi

Design reflects who you are. It’s a process of ideation, execution and channelizing your energy to materialize your dreams into reality.


Contents

House Analysis Zoning

Space Usage

Form and Space

Symmetry

Proximity

Clearance Proportion Emphasis Volume Light

Case Study

Residence Redesign

The Long House

Khosla Associates

Site Plan Current and desired quality chart Proximity Matrix Adjacency of spaces

Design Brief

Application of REM Bubble Diagram 3 Options with pros and cons

Schematic Zoning

Design development

4 Options with pros and cons

CAD plan stages

Design concept Paper Model

Final Plan Design Approach

Rendered Plan and Finishes

Concept sheets


HOUSE ANALYSIS Objective

To analyze your residential space on the basis of the following Zoning Space Usage Movement Form and Space Symmetry and Proportion Proximity Clearance Emphasis

Process

Start with observing spaces of the house, how they are used by all the family members and their relationship with each other. Noticing how the space is being used in response to its design and vice versa

N


ZONING

Zoning in the house follows a pattern, as we keep moving further in the house the spaces become private

PRIVATE SEMI PRIVATE SEMI PUBLIC PUBLIC

BATHROOM

BEDROOM

BUBBLE DIAGRAM The drawing room is just at the entrance so most of the guests are entertained there, making it a public space. The balcony in front of the drawing room and the bathroom are semi public spaces as only some of the guests are allowed in this area

BEDROOM

BEDROOM

DINING ROOM

BALCONY

BALCONY

KITCHEN

The dining space, kitchen and balconies are used by all the family members at some point or the other ,hence it is a semi private space

All the bedrooms are private along with one bathroom as they are mostly used as per allocation

BALCONY BATHROOM

DRAWING ROOM


SPACE USAGE

The space used the most is my parents and grandmother’s room, as my mom and grandmother stay at home most of the time.

My room, kitchen and one bathroom is used quite a lot as after college I spend most the time in my room. The bathroom is used quite frequently. 80% 60% 50% 40% 20% 10%

BATHROOM

BEDROOM

BUBBLE DIAGRAM

BEDROOM

My bathroom is used less as compared to the other bathroom as it is in one corner and attached to my room The balcony in front of the kitchen is used as a service balcony. The dining area is used to have all the meals and occasionally to chat too.

DINING ROOM

BEDROOM

The balcony in front of the drawing room is used frequently during winters as everyone likes to sit under the sun. The balcony in front of the dining room is rarely used as there’s hardly any sunshine there and no proper sitting area The drawing room is the least used area as it is only used when guests come over

BALCONY

DRAWING ROOM

BALCONY

BALCONY

KITCHEN BATHROOM


MOVEMENT There is movement in the entire house as all the parts of the house are used Movement in the dining area is more as it is central and acts like a junction

FORM AND SPACE

Positive and Negative To check the balance , clearances and proportion

SYMMETRY

Most of the spaces in the house are asymmetric


PROXIMITY

Spaces accessed by the occupants of this room In this case me and my sister’s room

BUBBLE DIAGRAM

Me and my Sister’s room Bathroom

Grandmother’s room

Adjacency of this bedroom to other areas of the house

Parent’s room

Kitchen

My sister and I occupy this room and frequent the kitchen,. We use the kitchen at night sometimes which causes disturbance to my parents We spend some time in our parents room basically to watch TV and use the dressing area

Balcony (Dining)

Balcony (Kitchen)

Drawing room


PROXIMITY

Spaces accessed by the occupants of this room In this case my grandmother’s room

BUBBLE DIAGRAM Grandmother’s room

Dining room

Me and my Sister’s room

Adjacency of this bedroom other areas of the house

Parent’s room Bathroom

Kitchen

to

This room is occupied by my grandmother. She spends most of her time in her room She roams around the entire house during the day, and spends her evenings in the balcony mostly

Balcony (Dining)

Balcony (Kitchen)

Drawing room


PROXIMITY

Spaces accessed by the occupants of this room In this case my parent’s room

BUBBLE DIAGRAM Balcony (Dining)

Balcony (Kitchen)

Adjacency of this bedroom other areas of the house

Parent’s room

to

My parents occupy this room. It’s central and is nearer to the kitchen, balcony and the entrance door as compared to other rooms It’s convenient for my mom to access the kitchen and service balcony

Dining room

Bathroom Me and my Sister’s room

Grandmother’s room

Kitchen

Drawing room


CLEARANCE OPENINGS In the dining area there is a major clearance issue. It is difficult to open the crockery cabinet which is just behind the dining table In the kitchen , opening the corner cabinets at the same time is not possible as they cross paths and also accessing items kept at the corner is difficult

In the bedroom one door of the cupboard doesn’t open completely

MOVEMENT In the drawing room , the area behind the sofa in front of the window is narrow and its not comfortable to move in that space In the dining area, the space between the dining table chairs and cabinet is not enough to walk comfortably between them

In the kitchen and balcony area When the door of the bedroom(connected to the balcony) is wide open, moving in and out of the kitchen through the kitchen door becomes impossible. The bedroom door needs to be shut first and only then the movement is possible


PROPORTION Proportion Areas marked in blue : The table and cupboard are congesting the small area Areas marked in orange: The bed is quite long as compared to the width of the room it is placed in

FINISHES OF SURFACES

EMPHASIS

The dining area is the space of emphasis in the house. All the spaces are connected to this space and it’s central to the house.


NATURAL LIGHT

There is ample natural light in the house, which makes it well lit during the day and early evening

VOLUME SKETCHUP EXTRUDE

Volume and space of the house


Architects | Khosla Associates Location | Bangalore, Karnataka, India Principal Designers | Sandeep Khosla and Amaresh Anand Design Team | Sandeep Khosla, Amaresh Anand, Raju S. and Akanksha Chhajer Area | 6,000 sqm Year | 2013 Civil Contractors | J.J. Constructions Pvt. Ltd Landscape | Garden World Pvt. Ltd Phe Consultant | JR Consultancy Electrical Contractor | MK Electricals Electrical Consultant | Services Design Consultants


ZONING

Private

Public

There is a demarcation between public vs. private spaces. The ground floor has mostly public spaces such as living, dining, den, study, kitchen, utilities as well as a guest room and the upper floor has 3 private bedrooms and a family room.

SUN PATH DIAGRAM Since the architects had to protect the existing bamboo grove (situated on the North ) they have built a garden surrounding it. Multiple openings on the North faรงade works for the space perfectly and balance out the amount of sunlight entering through the sliding doors and windows N

N

CIRCULATION Building approach with elevation Configuration Pass by spaces Works efficiently as one is not intruding into a space for the purpose of getting to another space in the house, helps maintain privacy Terminate in a space Spatial Organization Linear

Clearance Ample space for movement


FORM AND SPACE Positive and Negative Spaces

FORM Linear Form Defines exterior space Transformation of space Cuboid-subtractive volumes Cuboidal compositions Subtraction of forms satisfies functional needs-penetration , continuity and circulation

Base plane elevated creating field of space within a spatial context Helps in defining boundaries Visual and spatial continuity is maintained Vertical columns Parallel and U-shaped planes

The subtraction of a cuboidal volume from a bigger one to create this transition space makes the spatial experience pleasant Linear members spanning horizontally provide definition and enclosure to the area.

ORGANIZATION Spaces Interlocking of spaces

The vertical columns break the continuity of the view experienced from the interiors through sliding glass doors. Clean defined lines, play of lines(vertical and horizontal) Volume is subtracted to create the entrance with a few steps along the way ,which looks well defined As you enter, the horizontal lines on the external wall guide you towards the space leading to the door Entry is recessed


LIGHT Openings at the corners and plane creates a physical barrier yet lets the outside come alive into the inside space West of the foyer is a generous sky- lit double height volume gently bathed with natural light via two narrow skylights

CORNERS Determines volumes, allows interior spaces to look outward Reveals surfaces as planes

ELEMENTS Planar elements Openings between planes and corners provide a great view of the existing bamboo grove and other trees along with a garden Repetition -2 slant roofs

MATERIAL The staircase was crafted out of mild steel and timber and floats lightly within its surrounding volume. The wall behind the staircase is crafted from concrete Metal Wood Glass

Spiral staircase- resembles the trees on the boundaries in the plan-enhances symmetry and balance

Temple tree set afloat a linear blue water body at the center enhances visual experience

Long corridors

Use of pastel coloured wall to highlight the form


PRINCIPLES OF DESIGN Axis Linear as well as radial

Symmetry Balanced asymmetrically

Hierarchy

Symmetry (Spaces)

3

2 4

4

2

1

2 4

3 4

2

5

2

2

2


Residence Redesign

Design Brief

Objective

Redesign your residence on the basis of your analysis keeping in mind some minimum basic requirements Entrance/Lobby Formal Living Area/Drawing room Powder room Dining ( 8 sitter ) Family Lounge Guest Bedroom Sibling room Grandmother’s room Parent’s room Kitchen+ Utility Area Bathroom +Walk-in Closet

Site Analysis Sun path diagram

Additional Requirements Garden Patio Terrace Balcony Rejuvenation space Desired Qualities Orientation  Garden South facing- most suitable East and West- suitable North- Poor(Shade)  Bedroom East facing, as it captures morning sun , remains cool in evenings  Utility West/South west for drying of clothes Bathroom Preferably East side or South side for good ventilation  Windows Preferably on south side Summer Sun path Winter sun path

Green area Wind direction


Existing problems and proposed solutions Formal living Area/Drawing room

Grandmother’s room

Problem-There is no sense of privacy for those who enter the house from the guests who are sitting there already. The sofa kept in front of the window is blocks circulation

Problem-Since there is no attached bathroom she has to walk up a little and that’s not comfortable during the night especially. The room has a sitting space but it is not very interactive

Existing-The formal drawing room is just at the entrance . The guests are able to see everyone who enters the house and walks by.

Solution-To create a sense of privacy at the entrance. Make the sofa arrangement comfortable and more interactive

Dining room

Existing-The dining room is connected to all the spaces. So whenever guests are sitting there they can easily look into the rooms if the doors aren’t shut. Problem-Privacy of the members sitting in the room is disturbed. Solution-Connect the dining area to all the spaces without disturbing the privacy of those occupying the room.

Family Lounge

Existing- Currently there is no family lounge in the house. The dining area is used to sit together and chat. Problem-The space isn’t comfortable for sitting and chatting as it’s not private and not personalized.

Existing- Large room. Less storage space and no attached bathroom.

Solution-Attached bathroom and have a dedicated sitting area.

Kitchen

Existing- U-shaped kitchen. Refrigerator is not kept in the kitchen. Less storage space Problem-The kitchen isn’t spacious. There is a requirement of more cabinets and sitting space. Solution-Larger kitchen area with more storage space and all the electronics required in place.

Utility Area

Existing-The balcony adjacent to the kitchen is used as the utility area. Problem-No ironing and laundry storage area. Solution-Designating a space for utility with ironing board and storage for laundry.

Solution-To create a specific space for the family lounge with comfortable sofas and television console

Master Bedroom

Existing-The master bedroom isn’t very big in size and no attached bathroom to it. The storage space isn’t enough. There is no dedicated area for my dad to work. The only window that the room has is very small but there is a balcony which freshens up the room. There is no proper sitting area for friends. Problem-Circulation space in front of the bed isn’t enough for movement. The room isn’t spacious. Proposed-A more spacious room with an attached bathroom and walk-in closet. Sitting space in the room, larger openings/windows.

Me and my sister’s room

Existing-The room is moderate in size .There is no sitting space in the room. The room is properly ventilated and receives enough light and air. Solution-To have a sitting area.

Guest room

Existing-No guest room Solution-Have a guest room with attached bathroom and storage space


Site Plan


S. N o.

CURRENT QUALITIES

ENTRANCE

DRAWIN G ROOM

DINING AREA

KITCHEN

PARENT’S ROOM

SISTER’S ROOM

GRANDMOT HER’S ROOM

BALCONY

1.

FEELING/MOOD

Formal

Formal

Feel like interacting

Dull

Commotion

Calm

Calm

Refreshing

2.

IMAGE & STYLE

Minimalisti c

Simple/El egant

Simple

Contemp orary

Contempora ry

Modern

Contempora ry

Green

3.

DEGREE OF SPATIAL ENCLOSURE

Compact

Spacious Open from 2 sides, one of which leads to the balcony

Connects to all spaces/ Interactive

Open on 2 sides, one of them leading to the utility area

Has an opening that connects with the balcony Circulation space not enough

Sufficient space

Spacious

Small

4.

COMFORT AND SECURITY

Not very comfortabl e but secure

Comforta ble

Not comfortabl e in terms of circulation space – operational furniture

Comforta ble to use

Comfortable

Comfortable

Comfortable

Not so comfortabl e

5.

QUALITY OF LIGHT

Generous amount of natural light

Receives ample natural light Lights up brightly when artificial lights are on

Moderate natural light penetrates through

Moderate natural light Artificial lights are dull

Insufficient amount of natural light

Moderate natural light Lights on the ceiling make the room look bright

Sufficient natural light Dull artificial light

Good amount of daylight Extreme in the afternoon

6.

FOCUS AND ORIENTATION

Painting North-East

Openings and view

Openings/v iew

Wall treatmen t East

View from balcony

Designing/Wa ll treatment

Wall treatment

Design/gre en

7.

COLOUR AND TONE

Brown, Beige

Light shades

Brown

Light shades Maroon slab

Off white

Off white

Off white Silver

Brown, off white, green

8.

TEXTURES AND MATERIALS

Teak Wood

Rose wood

Rose wood, teak wood, glass

Granite, Laminate

Teak Wood, glass

Teak Wood,, glass

Teak wood, Marble Cane

Wooden finish, rough texture on walls

9.

ACOUSTIC ENVIRONMENT

Silent

Usually silent

There’s noise when it’s loud outside in the lane

None

The volume of the TV reaches other areas

None

Gets noisy when lane is busy

Silent

10 .

THERMAL ENVIRONMENT

Warm

Warm

Cool

Moderate

Warm in summers, moderate/c ool in winters

Cool during summers

Warm

Hot

11 .

FLEXIBILITY & PROJECTED LENGTH OF USE

Only serves the purpose of entering the house

Formal use Rarely used

Used for eating and interacting

Cooking Only

Interacting, eating, Watching TV

Working, eating

Interacting, watching TV, eating

Sitting Light, Ventilation


S.N o.

DESIRED QUALITIES

ENTRANC E

DRAWIN G ROOM

FAMILY LOUNG E

DINING AREA

KITCHEN

PARENT’S ROOM

SISTER’S ROOM

GRANDM OTHER’S ROOM

BALCONY

1.

FEELING/MOOD

Formal

Formal

Cozy, Relaxin g

Feel like interacting

Feel like cooking, interacting

Calm

Cheerful

Calm

Refreshing

2.

IMAGE & STYLE

Minimalist ic

Simple/El egant

Modern , vibrant

Simple, Elegant With a good view of greenery

Contempo rary

Contempo rary

Modern

Contempo rary

Green

3.

DEGREE OF SPATIAL ENCLOSURE

Wide

Spacious , which can accomm odate 10-15 people easily

Spaciou s, not very large

Connects to all spaces/ Interactive

Spacious, 2 people can easily work at a time

Spacious

Spacious

Spacious

Enough space to arrange furniture and keep plants

4.

COMFORT AND SECURITY

Comfortab le, circulation

Comforta ble

Extrem ely comfort able

Comfortab le enough for interactio n and moving around the space

Comfortab le to use, functional

Comfortab le

Comforta ble

Comfortab le

Comfortab le enough to sit in the open at any time of the day

5.

QUALITY OF LIGHT

Moderate natural light

Moderat e natural light

Modera te natural light

Moderate natural light penetrate s through

Good amount of sunlight

Moderate Natural light

Moderat e natural light

Sufficient natural light

Good amount of daylight

6.

FOCUS AND ORIENTATION

Space design

Minimali stic design

Space and Furnitur e design

Openings/ view

Functional ity

Design in terms of comfort

Layout of the space

Comfort Design

Design/gr een

7.

COLOUR AND TONE

Brown, Beige

Light shades

Vibrant tones

Brown, Light shades

Different shades, Contrast

Off white

Off white

Off white Silver

Brown, off white, green

8.

TEXTURES AND MATERIALS

Teak Wood

Rose wood

Wood, Glass

Rose wood, teak wood, glass

Corian, Laminate

Recycled Wood, glass

Recycled Wood, glass, Cane

Recycled wood, Marble Cane

Wooden finish, rough texture on walls

9.

ACOUSTIC ENVIRONMENT

None

None

None

Silent

Silent

Silent

Silent

Silent

None

10.

THERMAL ENVIRONMENT

Cool

Moderat e

Cool

Cool

Cool, with good amount of air breeze

Cool in summers, warm in winters

Cool during summers

Warm during winters

Warm

11.

FLEXIBILITY & PROJECTED LENGTH OF USE

Only serves the purpose of entering the house

Formal use Rarely used

Used for eating, watchin g TV, interact ing

Used for eating and interacting

Cooking Only

Interactin g

Working, eating

Interactin g, watching TV, eating

Sitting Light, Ventilatio n


Proximity Matrix Current proximity matrix Objective

To make a proximity matrix table which defines the relationship between spaces and their usage by family members and guests

Desired proximity matrix

Learning Outcome

Helps to know and establish relationship between spaces on the basis of the interaction and usage by the family members. How to place each room/area and designing them in accordance to the needs of the client(s).


Application of REM Bedrooms The rooms on the ground floor Are away from the entrance To maintain privacy which is a primary concern. On the first floor they are placed adjacent to one another as the family likes to be connected with one another

Dining and kitchen Since the family is fond of cooking and eating the dining area is central to the house. Interaction takes place mostly in this part .

Lounge The family likes to interact , that’s why the location of the family lounge is in the center , accessible from all the rooms.

In the past, most families lived together under one roof with other related families, commonly known as joint families. My grandparents lived in a joint family in Patti. When they lived together, all the women of the family stayed at home and prepared meals. The stove was lit throughout the day. All the family members interacted when they ate together, therefore a large area of the house was dedicated to the kitchen area and dining area. They ate together after serving food to the men and children. There were courtyards and rooms surrounding the courtyard. Families interacted on a daily basis in the open space. Children were mostly allotted one large room to live in, where they studied, and played games with each other. Rooms and bathrooms were relatively small as compared to the ones we have today. Every room did not have an attached bathroom, and bathrooms were shared among the family. After migration and fragmentation of families to nuclear ones, our way of living changed. Now, all the family members have different eating timings due to their own schedules. We have only one meal together, i.e. dinner. That’s the only time everyone is present at home and interacts with one another. We’re too pre occupied with ourselves and work, which causes some days to pass without much interaction. Everyone wants their privacy to be respected and have been dedicated separate rooms. We spend most of the time in our rooms and keep to ourselves. With hours of travelling, the hectic city routine makes us exhausted by the end of the day which also keeps us confined to our rooms. The house has been designed keeping these factors in mind and also create an interactive environment


Bubble Diagram Bubble Diagram 1 Pros • • • •

Kitchen is placed in the south, will receive good amount of sunlight in winters. Dining is close to the kitchen serving food becomes easy. Garden placed on south, ample sunlight View of garden from the drawing room

Cons • • • •

Grandmother’s room is isolated from the rest of the house. Den is away from the staircase, i.e. from the first floor where the parent’s and sibling room are located. Both rooms close to semi public areas. Guest room closer to the sibling room as compared to the master bedroom

Bubble Diagram 2 Pros • • • • • • •

Grandmother’s room will receive sunlight/view. Den is located close to the staircase, will be easily able to access the sibling and master bedroom. Kitchen is on the east, will have moderate sunlight penetrating through. Garden south facing, ample sunlight View from drawing room Utility and store adjacent to the kitchen Dining and kitchen close to the staircase, making it easily accessible.

Cons • • • •

Grandmother’s room away from the dining ,kitchen. Den close to the formal living No view from the den Drawing/living away from the entrance

Bubble Diagram 3 (Final) Pros • • • • • • • • •

Den is located close to the staircase, will be easily able to access the sibling and master bedroom. Grandmother’s room close to the dining and kitchen area. Garden view from her room as she is fond of greenery. Kitchen ,dining, drawing closely related. This relationship is very convenient for my home as serving the guests will become easier. Family lounge closely related to Parent’s and sibling’s room. Garden is on the south, receiving ample sunlight Entrance with garden view. Utility and store adjacent to the kitchen. Powder room near kitchen, drawing, dining; making it extremely comfortable and accessible. Terrace and pantry close to master bedroom.

Cons • •

Parent’s room away from the staircase. Den close to public spaces.

*Suits

the needs of the family the most, making the relationship between the spaces appropriate And the areas easily accessible.


Zoning Diagram

Zoning Diagram 1 Pros • • •

• • •

The drawing room and powder room are close to the entrance, making it easily accessible for the guests. Staircase is central, making it accessible from all the areas of the house. Dining area close to the staircase, which makes it convenient for my parents and sister to access. Grandmother’s room has a garden view Kitchen and dining close to each other. Master bedroom will receive good morning sun from the east side.

Cons •

• • • • •

Grandmother’s room is located at the entrance(public area), thus reducing her privacy and comfort as there will be a lot of disturbance there due to people who keep coming in the house throughout the day. Family lounge is closer to guest bedroom as compared to master bedroom. Den is completely isolated from the rest of the house. Powder room away from the Kitchen and dining space. Garden is on the East, so it will only receive morning light. Kitchen will remain hot during summers as it is located on the South.

Zoning Diagram 2 Final Pros • • •

• • • • • •

The drawing room is near the entrance and easily accessible to guests. Drawing room, dining and kitchen are well connected. Powder room is central, connecting to all the spaces. Garden is on the south, will receive ample sunlight. Grandmother’s room on the south, will receive good sunlight in winters. There is a verandah in front , blocking summer heat. Staircase is central Den close to the staircase, interaction with the first floor members becomes easier. Sibling’s room on the east, Utility on the West, clothes will dry easily in the hot blazing sun

Cons • •

Kitchen close to the entrance and on the west, making it extremely hot. Grandmother’s room will be hotter than other rooms during summer, increasing the consumption of energy.

* This zoning arrangement responds to the requirements and needs of the family. The space has been design in accordance to the relationship of the family members and their interaction with one another


Zoning Diagram 3

Zoning Diagram 4

Pros

Pros

• • • • •

Kitchen on the east, temperature will remain moderate throughout the year. Drawing room at the entrance. Dining area close to the drawing room and kitchen ,so guests can be served easily. Central staircase, connects the first floor and ground floor well. Sibling’s room will remain well ventilated and moderate due to its location on the east. Central terrace, makes the space a pleasant one aesthetically.

• • • • • •

Cons • • • •

Utility on the East, clothes will not dry fast. Sibling’s room is adjacent to the guest room Master bedroom away from sibling’s room. Family lounge away from sibling’s room.

Cons • •

Schematic Zoning Diagrams

Drawing room is close to the entrance, guests can be seated comfortably. Dining, Drawing and kitchen close to each other. Serving food becomes easy and efficient. Staircase in the center, all the areas can be accessed easily. Pantry close to the master bedroom , so my mom can easily access it. Garden on south, maximum amount of sunlight is received. Verandah in front of the rooms facing south, blocking sunlight and making the temperature in the rooms moderate, thus reducing the energy consumption

Lobby adjacent to grandmother’s room , invading her privacy. Den is isolated.


Design Development Stage Objective

To make the final Plan of the residence (ground floor and first floor)

Process • • • • •

These zoning diagrams were then further developed on the site plan. Several plans were made, first by hand and then after finalizing the basic zoning they were further developed and worked on in AutoCAD. Beams and columns were a major hurdle in the process, which had to be overcome through critical thinking and design options that were in response to the zoning, integrating them in the most appropriate way possible. I wanted the staircase to be positioned in the center of the space and explored various kinds of staircases. The public and private spaces had to be very well defined so that there is no invasion of privacy and the family members can be comfortable in their space.

The staircases I explored:

Curved Staircase

Straight Staircase

Single Winder Staircase

Double Winder Staircase


Stage 1 Ground Floor

Pros • Central entrance, clear path • Drawing is at the entrance, easily accessible to the guests • Staircase in the east, helps in overall circulation and ventilation. Easily accessible from all the other areas. • Kitchen and utility in the west. Clothes will dry easily. • Grandmother’s room has a garden view. Will receive good amount of sunlight which will keep the room warm in winters. • Powder room is easily accessible from the Drawing room, dining area and kitchen • Staircase starts close to the dining space which makes it convenient to come from the first floor and eat • Dining will receive morning sun , keeping the temperature in the space moderate and pleasant with openings.

First Floor

Cons • The kitchen will remain hot during summers. • Furniture placement in the sibling room doesn’t appropriately use the space. • Master bathroom and closet have separate entries from different ways. This placement isn’t comfortable for daily use of the space. • Master bedroom has no working/study area. • No view from sibling/master bedroom • Pantry area is closed and isolated.

Stage 2 Ground Floor

Pros • Central entrance, clear path • Staircase in the east, helps in overall circulation and ventilation. Easily accessible from all the other areas. • Kitchen and utility in the west. Clothes will dry easily. • Grandmother’s room has a garden view. Will receive good amount of sunlight which will keep the room warm in winters. • Drawing is at the entrance, easily accessible to the guests • Powder room is easily accessible from the Drawing room, dining area and kitchen • Staircase starts close to the dining space which makes it convenient to come from the first floor and eat • Dining will receive morning sun , keeping the temperature in the space moderate and pleasant with openings.

First Floor

Cons • Master bedroom has no working/study area. • No view from sibling/master bedroom • Pantry area is closed and isolated. • Terrace area needs to be built up properly • Powder room is a little far from the lobby area and is clustered between the kitchen space and drawing room • Lobby area is too big and the space ahead of it is wasted with no function at all. • Family lounge seating doesn’t respond to the curved staircase and looks odd.


Stage 3 First Floor

Ground Floor

Pros • Drawing room is at the entrance and has a separate entrance as well, making it extremely comfortable to settle in the guests. • Powder room is closely located near the dining area, drawing room and conveniently placed near the kitchen. • Central staircase, accessible from all the areas. • Dining and staircase in the east, receiving good morning sun; moderate temperate and pleasant. • Kitchen and utility in the west, clothes will dry easily and utensils kept in the kitchen too. • Openings at the entrance with skylight and planters adds to the aesthetics of the entrance. • Outside the main entrance door there is sitting space and a water body. • Grandmother’s room has a garden view. Will receive good amount of sunlight which will keep the room warm in winters. • Openings in pantry area with sitting makes the space interactive and fun,

Cons • •

Kitchen is on the west, will remain hot in summers Grandmother’s room will be hotter than other rooms in winters

Concept Design Approach

The house analysis activity helped me realize the existing problems in my house and provide solutions to them. The design brief made me organize these problems into different categories such as zoning, space usage, clearance etc. and decide the location, size and adjacency of the rooms in response to their relationship with one another. The current and desired quality chart clearly defined the requirements that were to be kept in mind while designing the new space. Proximity matrix defines the location of rooms and their placement accordingly. Bubble diagrams used the information from the proximity matrix and played a significant role in placement of room, kitchen, garden, verandah etc. It divides the space into two floors. It determines the connections between rooms and their relationship with each other. They helped me in deciding the size of a particular room and their connection through entrance. From the bubble diagrams I moved to zoning of the spaces, which clearly presents the location of the space and its relation with other spaces. The public and private spaces are segregated and connected through transitional areas which are semi public and semi private. Zoning of spaces was then translated into the site plan area and changes were made in regard to the columns and beams that were already existing on the site and design the space accordingly. While designing the opening, both the internal and external façade were kept in mind so that there is a balance in the lower and upper floor and it doesn’t look disoriented. A number of furniture placements were tried and the most suitable was chosen as the final one. Staircase played a major role in designing the space as its placement is very crucial in connecting both the floors. The final step was converting 2D drawing into 3D. First a paper model was made to visualize the space in 3D. Elevations in the paper model gave an idea as to how the space will turn out eventually. Then the 3D was moved in SketchUp. While the 3D model gave a good idea in determining the elevations and openings, mistakes were still there and needed to be addressed. Changes were made accordingly and the space was balanced out.


Analysis of Residential space Zoning Public

Private

Form and Space

Most of the private spaces are on the first floor. The privacy level gradually increases as one moves in the house.

Clearance

The house is spacious and there is enough circulation space to comfortably perform daily activities.

Symmetry

Symmetrically balanced spaces. Master bedroom is asymmetrically balanced with balcony and study on one side balancing the washroom on the other


Axis

Linear axis on the ground floor Radial and linear axis on the upper floor

Proximity

Proximity of central spaces on both the floors. These are the spaces where interaction takes place and centralizing it fulfills the purpose more effectively.

Openings and natural light

There’s ample natural light in the house , sunlight penetrates through multiple openings, making the space more pleasant.

Configuration

Termination of space Pass by spaces


Paper Model Objective

To make a paper model on CAD plan(1:100) with all the elevations and openings in place

Ground Floor

First Floor

Learning

Scaling and placing the openings and doors Balancing the space Making the openings symmetrical Matching the openings of the ground floor and first floor in the exterior facade


Final CAD Plan 1:100 Design Brief

Ground Floor

Objective

To make the CAD plan, incorporating all the changes and modifications

Brief

Shows both the floors Entrance of the house and porch Spatial division with walls Openings Staircase and stairwell Terrace/ balcony with pergola Furniture in all the spaces

Ground Floor The entrance area has a water body and a sitting area, making the space look pleasant. Further along the entrance there is a partition and then there is a depressed area which is the living room. The formal drawing room/living area has a separate entry as well.There is a patio in front of the living with an overhead to sit and enjoy the weather. The powder room is adjacent to the dining area and drawing room so that it can be accesses by both family members and guests easily. There is a 3 column divider between dining area and drawing area to demark the public and semi private space The Staircase is central and adjacent to the dining area. The dining area has huge sliding doors for east sun to penetrate in and make the space fresh. The kitchen area is just in front of the dining area with a small opening on the interior side. It has a small sitting area at the island counter. A window on the west side for drying of utensils. The utility area is in the kitchen on one side. Beside the kitchen is my grandmother’s room. The sun from the south side will keep the room warm in winters and the overhead will keep temperature moderate in summer and prevent the harsh sun rays from reaching the room. There is also a garden and patio on the south side where one can sit on a pleasant day and enjoy the view.


Final CAD Plan 1:100 First Floor

Design Brief

Learning Outcome

Designing a space keeping the requirements of the client in mind. Balancing spaces integrating principles of design Designing with existing beams and columns

First Floor As we climb up there are openings lighting up the entire staircase and spaces closer to that area.

The family lounge is the space one comes across first. After spending some time on the ground floor and coming up all the family members would want to sit and relax and talk to one another. This kind of a placement makes them sit together and talk instead of heading to their rooms first. Further ahead is the guest room. Since there are not many guests coming, its placed in the west. Guests that come usually sit and interact with us. The master bedroom is spacious and on the north-west side. It has a balcony and an opening on the north side which wouldn’t allow excessive heat to come in but there will be light in the room through the day. The sibling bedroom is on the north east side. It will receive good morning sun and light throughout the day. Temperature in the room will also remain pleasant. There is a balcony on the north side to sit with friends. On the south side there is a terrace and pantry area with bar. There is also a sitting area in front of the terrace to enjoy the outside view from the inside for the times when the weather is extremely harsh. There is a pergola over the terrace to prevent the harsh rays of sun coming in. The pantry has openings on 2 sides where there are bar stools for sitting, eating and enjoying food while sitting in the open. It also makes the space interactive and fun.


Rendered Plan

S

S

W E

E

N

Ground Floor

W

N

First Floor


Finishes

Ground Floor

First Floor


SketchUp Exploded View

North faรงade balconies are without overhead/pergola since there is minimal amount of heat in the north

Pergolas on the south faรงade will block the harsh sun in summers and keep the environment pleasant in winters

Huge opening on the east faรงade to capture as much light and morning sun as possible. Openings on the East side keep the area ventilated and pleasant. This will keep the temperatures moderate to cool inside


SketchUp Facade

W

N

S E


Entrance Patio

Finishes

Patio Floor Patio Roof


Entrance Patio

Exterior Entrance

Interior Entrance will slant skylight and plants

Finishes

Patio Entrance to living area

The entrance has a small sitting area where 2 people can sit easily and a water body, Asymmetrically balancing the space on both the sides. Emphasis is on the entrance door as the entry is recessed. A console table, textured wall and painting add colour to the neutral shade place.

Patio Symmetrically balanced

Subtraction of volume Recessed entrance


Formal Living


Formal Drawing/Living Powder room Finishes

Powder room

Symmetrically balanced Openings on 2 sides of the wall, giving dimension to the space. Spatial configurationTermination space.

Bamboo tree Brings positive energy and luck

Brightly coloured painting on a neutral shade adds to the essence of the space

Glass wall partition


Kitchen Dining Patio

Flooring Dining

Patio


Dining Kitchen Utility Finishes

Dining area Staircase Sliding doors

Exterior Dining area

Utility

Opening for drying of clothes

Symmetrically balanced

Kitchen Top view perspective

Ample circulation space. Spacious and airy


Terrace Pantry/bar Wall stone

Terrace flooring


Finishes

Wooden railing with glass

Rejuvenation space Contrast in colour

Terrace Pantry Lounge Shadows of the pergola create a sense of rhythm

Balanced on both sides of the L-shape with openings proportionate

Barcelona chair

Pergola to block the harsh sun

Open pantry/bar

Lounge chairs to relax in the open


Master bedroom Balconies


Master Bedroom Balcony

Finishes

Balcony with lounge sofa and table to enjoy the pleasant weather and view

Balcony with railing and glass, stone finish on walls

Study

sitting

Asymmetric in space and area, the master bedroom is balanced by its symmetric components

Top view in perspective

Bathroom


Finishes

Grandmother’s wardrobe

Grandmother’s bathroom

Sister’s room Guest room Family lounge Grandmother’s room Patio Patio

Grandmother’s room Top view in perspective

Lounge area is symmetrically balanced. Central area of the first floor, encourages interaction

Guest bathroom

Guest bedroom Sister’s room is balanced and spacious. It has a large window and balcony for ventilation and view.

Family Lounge Top view of sister’s room in perspective

Sister’s room’s Balcony Wooden panels create a sense of enclosure, thereby enhancing privacy

Pebble stone backsplash

Sister’s bathroom


The details are not the details. They make the design. -Charles Eames

Interior Architecture Prakriti Jain  

Residence Design Design Portfolio'14

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