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SAILING LEGENDS

Whitbread/Volvo Ocean Race 1973-2009

SAILING LEGENDS

The story of the world’s greatest ocean race


SAILING LEGENDS

Whitbread/Volvo Ocean Race 1973-2009

Bob Fisher & Barry Pickthall


This first edition published in 2011 Š2011 Endeavour London Ltd Endeavour London Ltd. 21-31 Woodfield Road, London. W9 2BA. England info@endeavourlondon.con Fax: +44 (20) 3227 2432 All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means without prior permission of the Publisher. A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library Bob Fisher & Barry Pickthall Sailing Legends - Whitbread/Volvo Ocean Race 1973-2009 Whitbread/Volvo Ocean Race ISBN 978-1-908271-09-9. hbk 1. Whitbread Round the World Race, Volvo Ocean Race Class, etc 1. Title Designed by Kayleigh Reynolds/PPL Typeset Frutiger LT Std by PPL Illustrations by Kayleigh Reynolds/PPL Picture research: PPL Photo Agency Printed in China

4 | SAILING LEGENDS


Contents Foreword

6

EF rules: 1997-98 race

98

The Everest of ocean racing

10

Whitbread race routes

108

Life at the extreme

24

Fresh start: 2001-02 race • illbruck’s record run

110 116

ABN’s day: 2005-06 race

120

The pioneers: 1973-74 race • Knock-down aboard Sayula

26 34

Flyer wins: 1977-78 race • First match race

38 46

Flyer again: 1981-82 race • Ceramco dismasting

52 60

French victory: 1985-86 race • Capsize − Drum rolls

64 72

Blake’s race: 1989-90 race • The Russians arrive

76 83

• The battle between Fisher & Paykel and Steinlager 2

84

Maxis Vs 60s 1993-94 race • The Brooksfield rescue • Martela capsize

86 94 96

Volvo Open 70 design

124

Fast lane: 2008-09 race • The chase for records • Ericsson’s record

132 142 144

Volvo Ocean race routes

140

Perils at sea

146

Appendix • Winning Yachts • Designers List • Crew List

150 154 159 160

Acknowledgements • Photo Credits

176 176

CONTENTS |

5


FOREWORD T

he Whitbread Round the World Race, now Volvo Ocean Race, has evolved from an adventure to a challenging, man-eating boat-for-boat sprint to many stops around the

globe. As a young Kiwi growing up sailing dinghies in Auckland, I could not help but be overcome by the sight of huge maxi yachts thundering down Rangitoto Channel to the finish of the leg off Orakai Wharf. As a sailor, it was my dream to sail around the world in a state-of-the-times racing yacht with mates I had grown up with and learned to sail with. My greatest memories are of the 1989-90 race aboard Steinlager 2. When I had the privilege to sail with a crew and skipper who were the best of their time and still with enough fun and humility to remain mates around the world through storms of the Southern Ocean to doldrums on the Equator. Sailing with Peter Blake at his best, being able to learn seamanship and team building from, I believe, the greatest seaman of our time, and for Steinlager 2’s clean sweep, was a feat that has not been repeated in this modern era. BRAD BUTTERWORTH OBE

Brad Butterworth is a world-renowned yachtsman. He was a watch leader on Steinlager 2 in the 1989-90 Whitbread Race and co-skipper of Winston in the 1993-94 race. Butterworth was tactician on the America’s Cup winning teams of 1995, 2000 and 2003, winning skipper in 2007.

Brad Butterworth, the thinking man’s sailor

(overleaf) Onboard the Swan 65 Kings Legend during the 1977-78 Whitbread Round the World Race. Swan 65 production yacht Sayula II won the inaugural event. Kings Legend finished 2nd in the second Whitbread Race in a field which included four Swan 65s.


The Everest of ocean racing At the time of the first Whitbread Round the World Race, the entire yacht racing scene was very different from that four decades later. Ocean racing was generally a weekend affair with occasional ‘classic’ races of around 600 miles; yacht racing was normally over short courses lasting 3 or 4 hours. The combination of weekend and short course racing developed into major new events, including the Admiral's Cup at Cowes in the UK. The exploits of British solo circumnavigators Francis Chichester and Alec Rose in the 1960s led to the adventurous competition sponsored by the Sunday Times, the Golden Globe, which was not strictly a race but an opportunity for the first non-stop solo circumnavigation. It was a challenge successfully completed by Robin Knox-Johnston, the only finisher, in 313

10 | SAILING LEGENDS

Flyer, victor of the 1977-78 race, skippered by Dutchman Cornelis van Rietschoten.


days. Chichester had taken up his challenge after winning the first Observer Singlehanded Transatlantic Race (OSTAR), the race itself was inspired by Blondie Hasler in 1960, and run subsequently every four years from Plymouth UK to Newport, Rhode Island. But a void still existed, one that sailing publisher, Anthony Churchill and publicist Guy Pearse sought to fill. They unsuccessfully proposed the idea of a four-leg race around the world before handing the idea to the Royal Naval Sailing Association. The RNSA had already been approached by the Whitbread brewery, with the offer of sponsorship for a major regatta and shortly thereafter Admiral Otto Steiner met with Sam Whitbread to draw up the initial plans for the circumnavigation.

At the time of the first race, the Flat Earth Society was still meeting, and many did not believe a sail race around the world would be viable. The Times

THE EVEREST OF OCEAN RACING |

11


20 | SAILING LEGENDS


The Volvo Ocean Race is entirely visible with satellite feeds from the yachts, whilst the yachtsmen receive a constant stream of information from Race Headquarters. No matter the heat, the cold, the height of the waves or the speed of the wind, crews and race followers are better served today than was possible previously in many home ports and marinas. Just as dramatic, changes have been wrought in competitors’ diets. What began in 1973 as a ragbag of tinned fare is now a scientifically balanced diet of freeze-dried food to maintain nutrition requirements and minimise weight. The Volvo Ocean Race has attracted the best of sailing’s talent. Legends like Dennis Conner and Brad Butterworth, both of whom have multi-America’s Cup victories to their credit, have been drawn to this global ocean race, along with multi-Olympic medallists and world champions like Brazilian Torben Grael and American Paul Cayard. The race now stands level with the America’s Cup at the very pinnacle of international yacht racing.

When I raced towards Cape Horn in 2002 on News Corp we almost died. It was like playing Russian Roulette: There was ice everywhere. You could see most of it during the day, but at night it was quite terrifying. We were sailing blind knowing that there was a good chance you could hit something, but didn’t know what or when. If you said you weren’t scared, I’d say you had something wrong in your head. Justin Slattery ABN AMRO One - Mike Sanderson

(overleaf) Ericsson 4 skippered by Torben Grael, surfing at 30 knots off the Blasket Islands west off Ireland, en route to winning the 2008-09 Volvo Ocean Race.

THE EVEREST OF OCEAN RACING |

21


Twelve days out, Paul Waterhouse was lost overboard from Tauranga and Eddie Hope’s arm was broken on Great Britain II. Four days later Dominique Guillet disappeared from 33 Export.

28 | SAILING LEGENDS

The pioneers The pathfinders had done it single-handedly, but this race around the world was the first by fully-crewed ocean going yachts, competing on an accepted rating system – it broke new ground, after Anthony Churchill and Guy Pearce promoted the idea in a pamphlet in Cowes week 1971. The brewing company Whitbread provided sponsorship and life for the scheme via The Royal Naval Sailing Association (RNSA). The RNSA had all the necessary contacts in the major ports around the world and decided that Cape Town, Sydney and Rio de Janeiro would provide ideal stopovers for four legs of much the same length with a start and finish in Portsmouth. Carving quickly through the initial administrative problems, a start was scheduled for September 8th 1973, with 18 entries of which 17 actually made the start. Sir Alec Rose fired a 100-year-old cannon to send the fleet away on the 6,650-mile leg to Cape Town. The Royal Navy’s 55ft (16.8m) Adventure was in pole position as the gun fired, while further offshore Chay Blyth’s 77ft (23.5m) Great Britain II was to windward of Eric Tabarly’s 73ft (22.3m) Pen Duick VI. Aboard the biggest boat, Les Williams’ 80ft (24.4m) Burton Cutter, interior joinery was still being fitted as they headed off down the Channel. Once clear of the Cape Verde Islands, the fleet fanned out in the South Atlantic with Pen Duick VI taking the most westerly route for 25 days until she was dismasted. Other damage was sustained by Burton Cutter. Williams was using her windward ability to the utmost as was George Bryans with Adventure and five weeks out, Bryans’ crew sighted the bigger yacht four miles ahead as the fanned-out fleet began to close. Burton Cutter broke clear and was first to Cape Town, a day ahead of the handicap winner, Adventure, which, in turn, was three hours ahead of Great Britain II. Sayula II finished the next day, having taken a trade wind route to claim 2nd on handicap. Pen Duick VI, with a replacement mast, arrived two days before the second leg started on November 7th. Most boats stayed around 46°S for the traverse of the Southern Ocean where the seas have no equal, building themselves into awesome precipices and cavernous valleys. Twelve days out, Paul Waterhouse was lost overboard from the 55ft (16.8m) Tauranga and in the same gale Eddie Hope’s arm was broken on Great Britain II. Four days later Dominique Guillet disappeared


Sayula II skippered by Ram贸n Carlin, off Cape Horn

THE PIONEERS

| 29


from 33 Export. Burton Cutter pulled out when plating in her bow area deformed badly. Halfway between Cape Town and Sydney, at 46°S, 90°E, Sayula II capsized, yet despite this, her crew piled on the pressure to finish 5th behind Pen Duick VI, Great Britain II, Roddy Ainslie’s 71ft (21.6m) ketch Second Life and the 57ft (17.4m) Kriter of Jack Grout to win the leg on handicap and take the overall lead. The previous leader, Adventure, developed a problem on December 2nd and was forced to rely on the trim tab on the back of the keel for her steering. Their passage was slowed and Adventure was 9th to finish, 8th on corrected time and dropped to 3rd overall. Frantic working over the holiday period resulted in 15 boats at the start on December 29th. The 8,370-mile course to Rio included the ‘Old Ogre’, Cape Horn, the sailors’ most feared landmark. Two hundred miles into the leg, Pen Duick VI’s mast toppled again. With great haste and much efficiency a new one was prepared and stepped in Sydney and the French boat departed on January 3rd.

The first ‘paying’ crew on Second Life skippered by Roddie Ainslie (right)

30 | SAILING LEGENDS


Great Britain II – first yacht on elapsed time in the 1973 race, this veteran competed in four further Whitbread Races.

THE PIONEERS

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Two days after that, Bernie Hosking was tragically lost from Great Britain II. In general however, the Southern Ocean was not so cruel. After two days of calm, Great Britain II was first around the Horn and into Rio, followed by Sayula II, which, with the same place on handicap behind Adventure, retained the overall lead. Blyth continued to lead on the next leg – the 5,500 miles back to Portsmouth. Burton Cutter, back in the race for the final leg was 2nd home and Sayula II 3rd. But the 4th to finish, Adventure, took the handicap honours on this leg and 2nd overall behind the Mexican Swan 65. Ramón Carlin and his Sayula II crew had sailed their way into the history books.

Adventure. She led the first Whitbread Race on handicap until a broken rudder cost her time on the third leg around Cape Horn from Sydney to Rio de Janeiro.

Guia, the Sparkman & Stephens designed Italian entry skippered by Giorgio Falck, one of the smallest yachts in the first race.


SIR CHAY BLYTH, CBE

B

efore the first Whitbread Race, Chay Blyth had rowed across the Atlantic, particpated in the Sunday Times Golden Globe Race and sailed solo round the world ‘westabout’, against the prevailing winds in the 59ft (18m) British Steel. He arrived back after 292 days, the first to achieve this feat, and was awarded a CBE. Blyth viewed each challenge like war: “If something goes wrong on the battlefield, you bloody well get on with it.” It was with this bravura that he entered the first Whitbread Race with a crew of fellow paratroopers. He skippered his 77ft (23.5) Great Britain II to the shortest elapsed time. Subsequently, Blyth won the two-handed transatlantic race in 1981 and the Round Britain and Ireland race. He was back aboard Great Britain II, renamed United Friendly, for the third Whitbread Race. Never short of adventure and drama, his trimaran Beefeater II capsized off Cape Horn in 1984 during an attempt on the New York - San Francisco record and in the following year he took to a life-raft again when Richard Branson’s Virgin Atlantic Challenger sank short of completing the Atlantic record attempt He was aboard her successor in 1986 when she took the Blue Riband for the fastest crossing. He then established The Challenge Business, a company designed to provide a novel, less experienced sailor the opportunity to race around the globe in one-design yachts.

SIR CHAY BLYTH

Blyth viewed each challenge like war: “If something goes wrong on the battlefield, you bloody well get on with it.”

THE PIONEERS

| 33


Peter Blake returned with a maxi-sized yacht to challenge for line honours. Lion NZ was a total rethink in concept. She was not only the heaviest yacht, but carried the most crew – 22 in number.

66 | SAILING LEGENDS

French victory Buoyed by Ceramco New Zealand’s underdog performance and overwhelming support back home, Peter Blake returned with one of seven maxi-sized yachts to challenge for line honours. Lion New Zealand was a total rethink in concept. She was not only the heaviest yacht, but carried the most crew – 22 in number. He argued that Flyer could have been sailed much harder four years earlier with a bigger crew. Others had developed the Ceramco concept based on fast planing and light displacement. These included Pierre Fehlmann’s 80ft (24.4m) UBS Switzerland which displaced 15,000lb less than Lion, and her Farr designed sisterships Atlantic Privateer (Padda Kuttel) and NZI Enterprise (Digby Taylor). The other maxis included Drum owned by the Duran Duran singer Simon Le Bon and French sailing legend Eric Tabarly's 83ft (25.3m) Côte d’Or. Both would suffer major structural problems. Great Britain II, now named Norsk Data, and undertaking a fourth circumnavigation, made up the numbers. Also in the field and hunting for handicap honours were two Dutch yachts, Philips Innovator (Dirk Nautor) and Equity and Law (Pleun van der Lugt) together with the 58ft (17.7m) French yacht L’Esprit d’Equipe (Lionel Péan), now extensively remodelled since her dismasting in the previous race when named 33 Export. The first leg was a heavy weather route, the only extreme conditions met during the event. Atlantic Privateer lost her rig; Drum, which had earlier lost her keel and capsized while competing in the Fastnet Race prior to the start, and Côte d’Or both suffered major delamination problems and NZI Enterprise arrived at Cape Town with a huge bend in her mast. This left Pierre Fehlmann’s UBS Switzerland with a clear run to finish 1st, 16 hours ahead of Lion NZ. Handicap honours went to Philips Innovator ahead of L’Esprit d’Equipe. The second leg provided the closest finish with Atlantic Privateer beating NZI Enterprise into Auckland by just 7 minutes, and Philips Innovator beat L’Esprit d’Equipe by just under a day to extend her lead on handicap. Digby Taylor’s joy of beating the slower Lion NZ into their home port was short-lived. NZI Enterprise was dismasted 3 days out of Auckland. UBS Switzerland led the way to Cape Horn, and then built a 9-hour lead over Drum on the leg up


Côte d’Or, Eric Tabarly’s Belgian/French maxi failed to fulfil expectations. Hull damage during the first leg, and the need to adapt her keel to stop the yacht nose-diving in heavy weather, pushed her well down the race order.

FRENCH VICTORY

| 67


Lion NZ - skippered by Peter Blake. She was designed and built to master extreme conditions that didn’t materialise.

Drum - owned by Simon Le Bon and skippered by Skip Novak. She finished 3rd on elapsed time.

68 | SAILING LEGENDS


Philips Innovator - skippered by Dirk Nauta. She finished 2nd on handicap.

Fortuna Lights - skippered by Xavier Visiers

Fazer Finland - skippered by Michael Berner

FRENCH VICTORY

| 69


WHITBREAD ROUND THE WORLD RACE

PORTSMOUTH / SOUTHAMPTON LA ROCHELLE

BALTIMORE

FORT LAUDERDALE

1973-74 1977-78 1981-82 1985-86 1989-90 1993-94 1997-98

RIO DE JANEIRO SAO SEBASTIAO PUNTA DEL ESTE MAR DEL PLATA


CAPE TOWN

FREMANTLE

SYDNEY AUCKLAND


The dramas began within 24 hours. First to hit trouble was Black Pearl when she crashed off a wave at 37knots and fractured a bulkhead.

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AMRO sets the pace 2005 marked a sea change in the Volvo Ocean Race. First, the start was moved from its traditional departure point in the Solent to Vigo, Spain. The second was the introduction of the Volvo Open 70 Class of yacht, a spartan carbonfibre missile built with just one consideration – to be the fastest monohulls around. Over-canvassed, under-crewed and fitted with canting keels to compensate, these rocket ships are devoid of creature comforts and by necessity, sailed by fanatics. The third was the introduction of an inshore race at each port of call with position points added to the overall scores for the race. Seven of these yachts lined up for the start, two of them sponsored by the Dutch bank ABN AMRO, one skippered by New Zealander Mike Sanderson, the second by Sébastien Josse. They had been the first entrants, and they applied the extra times this gave them and the lessons learned from building and sailing their first boat into their second entry ABN AMRO One. This gave the team a considerable head start. Also in the line-up was the first Brazilian entry, Brasil 1 skippered by Olympic multigold medallist Torben Grael, Pirates of the Caribbean entry Black Pearl skippered by Paul Cayard (USA), movistar – Bouwe Bekking (Ned), Brunel – Grant Wharington (Aus) and Ericsson – Neal McDonald. Frenchman Sébastien Josse skippered ABN AMRO Two. The dramas began within 24 hours. First to hit trouble was Black Pearl when she crashed off a wave at 37 knots and fractured a bulkhead. This, coupled with the loss of the moveable hull fairings, known as bomb doors, around the canting keel, now threatened the yacht’s integrity. The crew hurriedly took the sails down and limped into Cascais, Portugal. movistar also suffered major structural failure and had to be shipped to Cape Town as deck cargo in order to compete in further legs. ABN AMRO One was not without problems either. Crewmen Tony Mutter and Jan Dekker were washed off their feet by a 2-metre high wall of water which also knocked out the steering pedestal. No sooner had that been repaired than a fire broke out when a loose bolt shorted the batteries against the carbon hull. Sanderson, holding a wet sock across his face, doused the flames moments before they turned the hull into an inferno. Two other early casualties were Brunel, which lost ground stopping in Madeira to repair a broken boom and Ericsson when


SAILING LEGENDS |

| 123 123


movistar after her trip across the Southern Ocean

Black Pearl heads out to sea after the start of leg three from Melbourne to Wellington.

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Brasil 1 powers out of Port Phillip Bay and round The Heads.

NG Real Estate Brunel, skippered by Barnie Walker during the Cape Town In-port Race

AMRO SETS THE PACE

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1973-1974

1977-1978

Yacht

Skipper(s)

Place

Crew

Country

LOA (Mtr)

LOA (Ft)

IOR

Rig

Designer(s)

Sayula II

Ramón Carlin

1

12

Mexico

20.00

65.00

47.4

Ketch

Sparkman & Stephens

Adventure

Patrick Bryans Malcolm Skene George Vallings Roy Mullender

2

10-11

UK

16.92

55.00

40.2

Sloop

Raymond Wall

Grand Louis

André Viant

3

9-11

France

18.46

60.00

44.5

Schooner

Dominique Presles

Kriter

Jack Grout Michel Malinovsky Alian Gliksman

4

12-13

France

20.46

66.50

50.6

Ketch

George AuzepyBrenneur

Guia

Giorgio Falck

5

5-6

Italy

13.85

45.00

34.9

Sloop

Sparkman & Stephens

Great Britian II

Chay Blyth

6

9-12

UK

23.69

77.00

62.9

Ketch

Alan Gurney

Second Life

Roddie Ainslie

7

11-13

UK

21.85

71.00

55.6

Ketch

E.G. Van de Stadt

CSeRB

Doi Malingri

8

5-6

Italy

15.38

50.00

37.1

Ketch

Robert Clark

British Soldier

James Myatt

9

10

UK

18.15

59.00

43.8

Ketch

Robert Clark

Tauranga

Erik Pascoli

10

8-11

Italy

16.92

55.00

39.1

Yawl

Sparkman & Stephens

Copernicus

Zygfryd Perlicki

11

5

Poland

13.85

45.00

33

Ketch

Liskiewicz & Rejewski

33 Export

Jean-Pierre Millet Dominique Guillet

12

8

France

18.46

60.00

44.5

Ketch

André Mauric

Otago

Zdzislaw Pienkawa 13

9

Poland

16.92

55.00

41.7

Ketch

H. Kujaw

Peter von Danzig Reinhard Laucht

14

10-12

Germany

18.15

59.00

42.1

Yawl

Henry Gruber

Burton Cutter

Leslie Williams Alan Smith

DNF

14

UK

24.62

80.00

64.4

Ketch

John Sharp

Pen Duick VI

Eric Tabarly

DNF

14-15

France

22.46

73.00

31.9

Ketch

André Mauric

Concorde

Pierre Chassin

DNF

5

France

9.85

32.00

Sloop

George AuzepyBrenneur

42.9

Ketch

Eric Tabarly

17.23

56.00

42.8

Sloop

Sparkman & Stephens

Pen Duick III

M. Cuiklinski

DNF

8

France

Jakaranda

John Goodwin

DNF

8

S. Africa

Yacht

Skipper(s)

Place

Crew

Country

LOA (Mtr)

LOA (Ft)

IOR

Rig

Designer(s)

Flyer

Cornelis van Rietschoten

1

12

Netherlands

20.00

65

48.4

Ketch

Sparkman & Stephens

Kings Legend

Nick Ratcliffe Mike Clancy

2

11

UK

20.00

65

47.4

Cutter Sparkman & Stephens

Traité de Rome

Phillippe Hanin

3

9

EEC

15.69

51

35.8

Sloop

Sparkman & Stephens

Disque d'Or

Pierre Fehlmann

4

11-12

Switzerland

20.00

65

47.4

Ketch

Sparkman & Stephens

ADC Accutrac

Clare Francis

5

12

UK

20.00

65

47.4

Ketch

Sparkman & Stephens

Gauloises II

Eric Loizeau

6

8-9

France

17.23

56

42.5

Ketch

Eric Tabarly

Adventure

James Watts David Leslie Ian Bailey-Willmot Robin Duchesne

7

10-11

UK

16.92

55

40.0

Sloop

Nicholson 55

Neptune

Bernard Deguy

8

10

France

18.15

59

44.5

Sloop

André Mauric

B&B Italia

Corrado di Majo

9

8-10

Italy

16.62

54

42.9

Sloop

Alan Gurney

33 Export

Alain Gabbay

10

7-9

France

18.46

60

44.6

Sloop

André Mauric

Tielsa

Dirk Nauta

11

12-13

Netherlands

19.38

63

47.5

Ketch

Johan Elsenga

Great Britian II

Rob James

12

17

UK

23.69

77

69.2

Ketch

Alan Gurney

Debenhams

John Ridgway

13

10-14

UK

17.54

57

41.5

Ketch

Holman & Pye

Japy-Hermes

Jean Michel Viant (Jimmy)

14

9-13

France

20.00

65

47.7

Ketch

MacCurdy & Rhodes

Heath's Condor

Leslie Williams Robin KnoxJohnston

15

14-16

UK

23.69

77

55.5

Sloop

John Sharp

154 | SAILING LEGENDS


1981-1982

Yacht

Skipper(s)

Place

Crew

Country

LOA (Mtr)

LOA (Ft)

IOR

Rig

Flyer

Cornelis van Rietschoten

1

16

Netherlands

23.38 76

67.7 Sloop

German Frers

Charles Heidsieck III

Alian Gabbay

2

9

France

20.31 66

55.0 Sloop

Gilles Vaton

Kriter IX

André Viant

3

11

France

19.08 62

53.1 Sloop

German Frers

Disque d'Or 3

Pierre Fehlmann

4

9

Switzerland

17.85 58

46.6 Sloop

Bruce Farr

Outward Bound

Digby Taylor

5

9

New Zealand

15.38 50

40

Laurie Davidson

Xargo III

Padda Kuttel

6

12

South Africa 20.00 65

44.4 Ketch

Sparkman & Stephens

Mor bihan

Philippe Poupon/ Riguiel

7

6

France

14.15 46

37.0 Sloop

Joubert/Nivelt

Berge Viking

Peder Lunde

8

12

Norway

17.54 57

42.0 Sloop

Sparkman & Stephens

Alaska Eagle

Skip Novak/Neil Bergt

9

12

USA

20.00 65

50.4 Sloop

Sparkman & Stephens

Euromarché

Eric Tabarly

10

14

France

22.77 74

60.0 Ketch

André Mauric

Ceramco NZ

Peter Blake

11

12

New Zealand

20.92 68

62.9 Sloop

Bruce Farr

Skopbank of Finland

Kenneth Gahmberg

12

10

Finland

15.69 51

38.1 Sloop

Cuthbertson & Cassian

RollyGo

Giorgio Falck

13

10

Italy

15.69 51

39.1 Sloop

German Frers

Traité de Rome

Antonio Chioatto

14

9

EEC

15.69 51

34.5 Sloop

Sparkman & Stephens

Croky

Gustaaf Versluys

15

8

Belgium

13.54 44

33.7 Sloop

Marcel Vankeirsbilck

FCF Challenger

Leslie Williams

16

17

UK

24.62 80

68.8 Sloop

Doug Peterson/David Alan-Williams

United Friendly

Chay Blyth

17

15

UK

23.69 77

68.0 Sloop

Alan Gurney

Walross III Berlin

Michel/Hahn/ Reichardt

18

9

Germany

16.92 55

37.5 Sloop

Sparkman & Stephens

Licor 43

Joaquin Coello

19

10

Spain

18.15 59

52.6 Sloop

Bazan

Ilgagomma

Roberto Vianello

20

7

Italy

15.38 50

40.0 Sloop

Alex Carozzo

Save Venice

Doi Malingri

DNF

8

Italy

19.69 64

55.3 Sloop

Alfeo Scattalin

Swedish Entry

Peder Silfverhielm

DNF

11

Sweden

18.77 61

48.5 Sloop

Peter Norlin

European University Belgium

Jean Blondiau

DNF

6

Belgium

14.15 46

34.6 Sloop

German Frers

Gauloises 3

Eric Loizeau

DNF

11

France

19.08 62

51.9 Sloop

Ron Holland

Scandinavian

Reino Engqvist

DNF

9

Sweden

17.54 57

43.3 Ketch

Sparkman & Stephens

33 Export

Philippe Schaff

DNF

9

France

16.92 55

46.0 Sloop

Philippe Briand

Bubblegum

Iain McGowanFyfe

DNF

6

UK

13.23 43

33.0 Sloop

Doug Peterson

La Barca Laboratorio

Claudio Stampi

DNF

9

Italy

20.00 65

51.0 Sloop

Giorgetti/Magrini

Vivanapoli

Beppe Panada

DNF

9

Italy

17.54 57

42.1 Ketch

Mino Simeone

Sloop

Designer(s)

APPENDIX |

155


CREW LIST 1973-2009 NAME

COUNTRY

YEAR

BOAT

Charles Abrahams Stefan Abrahamsson W. Abram Ed Adams Maurice Adatto

GBR SWE GBR USA SUI

1973-74 1989-90 1977-78 2001-02 1985-86 1989-90 1993-94

Adventure The Card Heath's Condor illbruck UBS Switzerland Merit Merit Cup

Peter Addeson Tom Addeson Tom Addis Erick Ader Marco Adriani Richard Adsett Trevor Agnew Rosario Agosti Christian Aguesseau Gian Ahluwalia Roddy Ainslie Phil Airey

RHO RHO AUS NED ITA GBR NZ ITA FRA CAN GBR NZ

Serguei Akatyev Espen Aker

USSR NOR

Pascal Allamand David Alan-Williams

SUI GBR

Grahame Aldous Joshua Alexander Stuart Alexander Valeri Alexeev Yves Allemant

GBR NZ GBR USSR FRA

Anthony Allen David Allen

GBR AUS

Elizabeth Allen Joe Allen

GBR NZ

Ted Allison

USA

James Allsopp Bjorn Alm Jean-Francois Amalric

USA SWE FRA

Bobo Almquist Guillermo Altadill

SWE ESP

1973-74 1973-74 2008-09 1977-78 1981-82 1977-78 1981-82 1981-82 1973-74 1989-90 1973-74 2001-02 2005-06 1989-90 1981-82 1985-86 1985-86 1973-74 1977-78 1981-82 1989-90 1989-90 2001-02 1989-90 1989-90 1973-74 1977-78 1989-90 1989-90 1997-98 1989-90 1981-82 1993-94 1977-78 1981-82 1985-86 1997-98 1981-82 1981-82 1981-82 1989-90 1989-90 1993-94

33 Export 33 Export Telefonica Blue Tielsa Save Venice Great Britain II Ceramco New Zealand Vivanapoli Concorde Belmont Finland II Second Life Amer Sports One ING Real Estate/Brunel Fazisi Berge Viking Drum UBS Switzerland Burton Cutter Heath's Condor FCF Challenger Creightons Naturally Creightons Naturally ASSA ABLOY British Satquote Defender Fazisi Pen Duick III 33 Export Creightons Naturally The Card Toshiba Creightons Naturally Flyer Yamaha Kings Legend Alaska Eagle Philips Innovator Chessie Racing Swedish Entry Gauloises 3 Mor Bihan The Card Fortuna Extra Lights Fortuna and Galicia'93 Pescanova ASSA ABLOY Ericsson Racing Team Leg 1 Team Russia Delta Lloyd (leg 4) Côte d'Or British Satquote Defender Keewaydin Flyer Frazer Finland Creightons Naturally Ilgagomma Gauloises 3 Peter von Danzig Uruguay Natural Flyer Walross III Berlin Telefonica Black Galicia '93 Pescanova Telefonica Black Tokio Swedish Match Team SEB Black Pearl Fortuna Lights UBS Switzerland Merit Creightons Naturally Telefonica Blue Ilgagomma

A

Viannessey Ancellin Paul Andersen Thomas Andersen John Anderson Patrick Andersson Robert Andrews Gianroberto Anelli Monti Nicolas Angel Hein Anhold Heber Ansorena Patrick Antelme Heinz Aping Gonzalo Araujo Jamie Arbonnes

FRA GBR SWE BRAZ FIN GBR ITA FRA GER URU FRA GER ESP ESP

Rodney Ardern

NZ

Santiago Arlos Alwin Arnold

ESP SUI

Alick Armstrong Pablo Arrate Daniele Arrigo

GBR ESP ITA

160 | SAILING LEGENDS

2001-02 2006-06 2008-09 2008-09 1985-86 1989-90 1973-74 1977-78 1985-86 1989-90 1981-82 1981-82 1973-74 1993-94 1981-82 1981-82 2008-09 1993-94 2008-09 1993-94 1997-98 2001-02 2005-06 1985-86 1985-86 1989-90 1989-90 2008-09 1981-82

NAME

COUNTRY

YEAR

BOAT

Florence Arthaud Luigi Arzenati Lt. P.R.G. Ash James Ashwood Edwin Askew Nils-Peter Aspestrand Paul Audoire Michael Austin Isabelle Autissier Gerad Auvray M. Avery Paul Ayasse

FRA ITA GBR GBR NZ NOR FRA GBR FRA ITA RSA FRA

1989-90 1973-74 1973-74 1977-78 1989-90 1981-82 1973-74 1973-74 1997-98 1981-82 1973-74 1977-78 1989-90

Charles Jourdan Guia British Soldier Flyer Belmont Finland II Berge Viking 33 Export Kriter EF Education La Barca Laboratorio Jakaranda Neptune Charles Jourdan

Bruno Bacilieri Dan Backlund Par Backstrom Cpl A. C. Badrick* Sam Badrick* Ed Baird Ian Bailey-Willmot Louis George Baitier Jean-Luc Bale John Banfield* Patrick Banfield* Stu Bannatyne

ITA FIN FIN GBR GBR USA GBR FRA FRA GBR GBR NZ

Eric Bardaille Bruno Barde Olivier Bardo Chris Barker

FRA SUI FRA NZ

Alberto Bargues Guy Baron Michel Barre Phil Barrett

ESP GBR FRA GBR

Luc Bartissol

FRA

John Bartlett Mark Barlett Paolo Bartoli Major R.G. Barton Paolo Bassani

GBR GBR ITA GBR ITA

Michael Bastenie

GBR

Alvaro Basterra Nicholas Bate Pete Bates Steven Battley Jean-Pierre Baudet Gerard Baudraz Hans Bauer

SESP GBR GBR AUS SUI SUI SWE

Philippe Bayle Serge Bays Guy Beaumont Scott Beavis

FRA FRA NZ NZ

Duro Bebelic Gerard Beck Lynnath Beckley Wilhelm-Otto Beck Lisa Beecham

SLOV FRA RSA GER AUS

1981-82 1989-90 1989-90 1973-74 1977-78 1997-98 1977-78 1973-74 1981-82 1989-90 1985-86 1993-94 1997-98 2001-02 2005-06 2008-09 1981-82 1977-78 1989-90 1977-78 1977-78 1981-82 1985-86 1989-90 1985-86 1989-90 1973-74 1985-86 1989-90 1989-90 1993-94 1989-90 2005-06 1977-78 1973-74 1993-94 1997-98 1981-82 1985-86 1989-90 1989-90 1989-90 1973-74 1981-82 1985-86 1977-78 1981-82 1985-86 1973-74 1973-74 1985-86 2001-02 2005-06 1993-94 1973-74 1997-98 1989-90 1993-94

Guido Beekman Peter Behncke Andreas Beilken Bouwe Bekking

NED GER GER NED

Rollygo Belmont Finland II Union Bank of Finland British Soldier ADC Accutrac Innovation Kværner Adventure Tauranga Euromarché Rothmans Drum New Zealand Endeavour Silk Cut illbruck movistar Ericsson 4 La Barca Laboratorio Disque d'Or Rucanor Sport Debenhams Kings Legend Alaska Eagle Drum The Card Fortuna Lights NCB Ireland Pen Duick VI Drum NCB Ireland Rucanor Sport La Poste British Satquote Defender Sunergy and Friends B&B Italia British Soldier Brooksfield Merit Cup Xargo III Atlantic Privateer Rothmans Fortuna Extra Lights British Satquote Defender Great Britain II Bubblegum UBS Switzerland Disque d'Or Swedish Entry & Alaska Eagle Drum Kriter Tauranga Lion New Zealand Team SEB ABN AMRO Two Hetman Sahaidachny Grand Louis EF Education Schlussel Von Bremen US Women's Challenge/ Heineken Equity & Law Schlussel Von Bremen Schlussel Von Bremen Philips Innovator Winston Merit Cup Amer Sports One movistar Telfonica Blue

B

1985-86 1989-90 1989-90 1985-86 1993-94 1997-98 2001-02 2005-06 2008-09


NAME

COUNTRY

YEAR

BOAT

NAME

COUNTRY

YEAR

BOAT

Oleg Belomylstev Josh Belsky Euan Belson Alain Benech Brian Bennett Andre Berenger

UKR USA GBR FRA NZ FRA

GBR GBR

GER SUI POL GER SWE USA GBR ESP

Hetman Sahaidachny EF Language Norsk Data GB Kriter FCF Challenger Neptune Charles Heidsieck III Schlussel Von Bremen Merit Otago Schlussel Von Bremen The Card Alaska Eagle Burton Cutter Galicia '93 Pescanova ASSA ABLOY Brasil 1 Delta Lloyd Frazer Finland Disque d'Or djuice Drum Drum Concorde FCF Challenger British Satquote Defender Grand Louis Charles Jourdan Merit Merit Cup Kings Legend ADC Accutrac Xargo III CSeRB Pen Duick VI Alaska Eagle British Satquote Defender Heath's Condor Creightons Naturally America’s Challenge Innovation Kværner illbruck Ilgagomma Guia Dolphin & Youth/Reebok ABN AMRO Two Delta Lloyd Team SEB Flyer Drum Charles Jourdan Winston Japy-Hermes Gatorade FCF Challenger Kings Legend Adventure Swedish Entry Liverpool Enterprise Burton Cutter Heath's Condor Ceramco New Zealand Lion New Zealand Steinlager II Fortuna Lights Fortuna Extra Lights Toshiba djuice Peter von Danzig Gatorade Union Bank of Finland Martela OF EF Language Black Pearl NZI Enterprise Croky Rucanor TriStar Disque d'Or Kings Legend Traité de Rome Equity & Law La Poste

Eric Blunn Chay Blyth

Volkhard Berg Yuan Berger Bohdan Berggrun Jens Bergmann Leif Bergstrom Neil Bergt Sid Berkeley Roberto Bermudez

1993-94 1997-98 1985-86 1973-74 1981-82 1977-78 1981-82 1989-90 1989-90 1973-74 1989-90 1989-90 1981-82 1973-74 1993-94 2001-02 2005-06 2008-09 1985-86 1977-78 2001-02 1985-86 1985-86 1973-74 1981-82 1989-90 1973-74 1989-90 1989-90 1993-94 1977-78 1977-78 1981-82 1973-74 1973-74 1981-82 1989-90 1977-78 1989-90 1997-98 1997-98 2001-02 1981-82 1973-74 1993-94 2005-06 2008-09 2001-02 1981-82 1985-86 1989-90 1993-94 1977-78 1989-90 1981-82 1977-78 1973-74 1981-82 1989-90 1973-74 1977-78 1981-82 1985-86 1989-90 1985-86 1989-90 1997-98 2001-02 1973-74 1989-90 1989-90 1989-90 1997-98 2005-06 1985-86 1981-82 1985-86 1977-78 1977-78 1977-78 1985-86 1993-94

Geoffrey Boerne Sergey Bogdanov Bogdan Bogdzinski Harald Bollen Andreas Bolte David Bongers

RSA RUS POL GER GER RSA

Eve Bonham Charles Bonnay Pierre Bonnet Luca Bontempelli Gloria Borego

GBR FRA FRA ITA USA

1973-74 1973-74 1981-82 1981-82 2008-09 1973-74 1989-90 1993-94 1981-82 1985-86 1977-78 1973-74 1973-74 1989-90 1993-94

Tom Borenius Sergei Borodinov Xavier Borruat Alan Bose Franco Bosia Serge Bosmorin Jack Bossert Rinze Botterweg Philippe Bougoim Dominique Bourgeois Jan Bourgeois Hans Bouscholte Richard Bouzaid

FIN USSR SUI GBR ITA FRA USA NED FRA FRA BEL NED NZ

Stig Bovbjerg David Bowen Lt. A. Bowlingbroke Michael Bradbury Gavin Brady

DEN AUS GBR GBR NZ

Tom Braidwood

AUS

Maarten Brakman Peter Brand Ralf Brauner Thierry Brault Terry Bray

NED GBR GER FRA GBR

Laurent Bregeon Robert Bregeon Caj-Otso Bremer Jari Bremer Marco Bremer Christine Briand

FRA FRA FIN FIN FIN FRA

William Bridel Francois Brilliant Richard Brisius

GBR FRA SWE

Andrew Bristow Caspar Brochmann Jeff Brock David Brooke Tony Brookes Michael Broughton Carolijn Brouwer Lt. Cdr. B. Brown Fraser Brown PA A.E.Brown Donal Browne

GBR NOR CAN NZ GBR GBR NED GBR NZL GBR IRE

Armand Broyelles Alan Bruce Jorge Brufau

FRA GBR ESP

Jose Brufau Marc Brugger Arnt Bruhns Arttu Brummer Henry Brummer Karlo Brummer Otso Brummer Andrea Bruno

ESP SUI GER FIN FIN FIN FIN ITA

Great Britain II Great Britain II United Friendly Xargo III Kosatka Team Russia Copernicus Schlussel Von Bremen Hetman Sahaidachny Xargo III Atlantic Privateer ADC Accutrac Pen Duick VI Kriter Merit US Women's Challenge/ Heineken Union Bank of Finland Fazisi Disque d'Or 3 Debenhams B&B Italia Japy-Hermes Kings Legend Philips Innovator Japy-Hermes Gauloises 3 Croky BrunelSunergy Yamaha America’s Challenge Innovation Kværner Ericsson Traité de Rome Sayula II Adventure Liverpool Enterprise Chessie Racing Team SEB Team SEB Ericsson Racing Team Green Dragon Liverpool Enterprise Debenhams Schlussel Von Bremen Charles Jourdan Great Britain II United Friendly Esprit de Liberté Esprit de Liberté Martela OF Martela OF Skopbank of Finland EF Education Amer Sports Too With Integrity Gauloises II Gatorade Brooksfield British Satquote Defender Berge Viking Amer Sports One New Zealand Endeavour Belmont Finland II British Satquote Defender Amer Sports Too Adventure Sunergy and Friends Adventure Traité de Rome Shadow of Switzerland Kriter Norsk Data GB Licor 43 Fortuna Lights Fortuna Lights UBS Switzerland Schlussel Von Bremen Martela OF Belmont Finland II Belmont Finland II Frazer Finland La Barca Laboratorio

Michael Berner Hans Bernhard Jean-Yves Bernot Michael Berrow Paul Berrow Colin Berry

FIN SUI FRA GBR GBR GBR

Gilles Berthelin Brice Berthier Nicholas Berthoud

FRA FRA SUI

Richard Bertie Tony Bertram

SAF GBR

Paolo Bertoldi Francois Bessieres

ITA FRA

John Best Les Best Colin Bethell Stuart Bettany

GBR NZ GBR NZ

Alessandro Bezzola Piero Bianchessi Richard Bickford Nick Bice

ITA ITA GBR AUS

Pascal Bidegorry Bill Biewenga

FRA USA

Luc Billard Anabella Bini John Birchenough W.D. Birchenough Jnr C.P.O. M. Bird Hans Bjornstrom Michael Blair Peter Blake

FRA ITA GBR USA GBR SWE GBR NZ

Jorge Blanc

ESP

David Blanchfield

AUS

Uli Blank Augusto Blasimme John Blassar Jan Blechineberg Cutris Blewett

GER ITA FIN FIN CAN

Gregory Blomfield Jan Blomme

NZ BEL

Rene Blondel Jean Vincent Blondiou

SUI BEL

Hein Bloomers Eric Blouet

NED FRA

1989-90 1989-90 1981-82 1977-78 1977-78 1977-78 1977-78 1985-86 1977-78 1981-82 1981-82 1997-98 1993-94 1997-98 1997-98 2005-06 1977-78 1973-74 1973-74 1989-90 1997-98 2001-02 2001-02 2005-06 2008-09 1989-90 1977-78 1989-90 1989-90 1977-78 1981-82 1989-90 1989-90 1989-90 1989-90 1981-82 1997-98 2001-02 1989-90 1977-78 1989-90 1993-94 1989-90 1981-82 2001-02 1993-94 1989-90 1989-90 2001-02 1973-74 2005-06 1977-78 1981-82 1985-86 1973-74 1985-86 1981-82 1985-86 1985-86 1985-86 1989-90 1989-90 1989-90 1989-90 1985-86 1981-82

APPENDIX

| 161


THE WHITBREAD ROUND THE WORLD RACE/ VOLVO OCEAN RACE SINCE 1973

Sailing Legends Monolingual  

The story of the world’s greatest ocean race. WHITBREAD ROUND THE WORLD RACE / VOLVO OCEAN RACE SINCE 1973

Sailing Legends Monolingual  

The story of the world’s greatest ocean race. WHITBREAD ROUND THE WORLD RACE / VOLVO OCEAN RACE SINCE 1973

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