Page 1


In this issue...


PROJECTS 22 Maintenance and alterations to churches 23 Forth Bridge World Heritage bid opens for consultation CRE MIDLANDS 25 CRE shares its biggest ever year with football’s anniversary 27 Sandown sees another increase in visitor numbers

The cultural heart of Manchester is currently being transformed by a number of prestigious projects. Our front cover shows the result of repair work to the roofs of the Town Hall Extension and Central Library completed by Manchester based contractors J Hempstock & Co Ltd. Full details can be found on page 7 after our report on the Town Hall transformation project in full on page 5. Other aspects of this project include: 11

The epic task of cleaning and restoring the stained glass


The restoration of the magnificent mahogony doors of the former Rates Hall

Also in our Manchester Focus: 15

The restoration of the State Room windows of the Town Hall itself


How the city’s great clocks allow time to rule our lives


Manchester Cathedral restoration project


A new chapter in the rich history of Gaskell House

Classified Section p57

ROOFING 36 Heritage projects figure large in Roofing Awards 36 Marley Contract Services wins Roof Slating award 37 Award finalists cap off major restoration project 39 VMZINC a long history 41 The earth’s not flat – but more and more roofs are! 42 From roof top to melting pot 44 Protecting our heritage and what it means to me 44 Roof repairs to start following theft



ACCESS 45 Proactive approach increases your chances of grant success LIGHTNING PROTECTION 46 Inspect and Protect with ATLAS MEMORIAL MASONS 49 NAMM helps masons and burial authorities to work better together FOCUS – TEAM FORCE RESTORATION 50 Restoring the north east to its former glory needs teamwork 51 Specialist in sash windows can restore or replace with a perfect replica


CHURCH HEATING 53 Heritage group records and celebrates the best of old boilers 53 Guidance helps churches choose their heating MODERN ART & MEDIEVAL RECONSTRUCTION 55 Modern art proves to be a success 56 BM TRADA gets medieval at Warwick Castle



LIGHTING 28 Lighting Dynamics complete another stunning church lighting project 29 Family business lights the way for royalty, church and scholars 33 Lighting up the heritage world 35 New candle lamp brings savings for heritage sector – and helps the environment too!

Richard Shepherd – Business Development Manager Tel: 07429 516265 Email: All other enquiries: Tel: 0161 710 3880 Fax: 0161 710 3879 61 Lower Hillgate, Stockport, Cheshire SK1 3AW Copyright Ecclesiastical & Heritage World. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be copied, reproduced or transmitted in any form without prior permission of Ecclesiastical & Heritage World. Views expressed in this magazine are not necessarily those of the publisher.


A Victorian city that dates from

Roman times ‹ MANCHESTER IS, IN ESSENCE, a Victorian city. Its rise to eminence

was the direct result of the Industrial Revolution and the immense riches that brought. The beneficiaries – principally mill owners and textile traders – were keen for Manchester to be seen on the world stage. The results were buildings such as the Town Hall, Free Trade Hall and the Royal Exchange. They were also keen to be seen as philanthropists. They built libraries and museums for the edification of the populous – grand buildings that also form part of the city’s heritage. There is more to Manchester, however, than its Victorian success story. There had been a Roman settlement at Castlefield, and there are medieval elements still to be found around the cathedral. Chetham’s Hospital, which houses the library and the world-famous music school, is said to be the site of the most complete manorial complex in Britain. The cathedral itself dates from 1215, although – as the cathedral’s own history states: “…many people can be forgiven for thinking that, from appearances at least, Manchester Cathedral is a relatively modern church.” The only other remnant of medieval Manchester is the Hanging Bridge and Hanging Ditch. There are various theories as to the origins of the terms, but all agree it was not a gruesome one. Tudor buildings are more common in the outer suburbs, but it was during that period that the early foundations were laid for the city’s rise to prominence.

The Town Hall Extension after the roof restoration (top) and the restoration of the State Room windows in the Town Hall itself A separate event formed the basis for a boost to the ecclesiastical architecture of Manchester. In 1829 the Roman Catholic Relief Act was passed and English Catholics could once more publicly practice their faith. It led to an upsurge in the building of Roman Catholic churches. The north west, and Manchester and Salford in particular, was home to a large Catholic population – Salford being the Catholic diocese for the area. Among the notable Catholic churches from the period are Salford Cathedral, built in 1848 and St Mary’s – known as the hidden gem. The latter stands on a site occupied by a Catholic church since 1794, although the present building dates from 1837. Also in the 19th century the city’s first synagogues were built, in Cheetham Hill and later in Chorlton. Today, there is a renewed sense of pride in Manchester’s ancient buildings. The cathedral precinct and the area around the Corn Exchange have become open to public view once more and are being made accessible as public spaces. Ironically, that process was begun following the IRA bomb that devastated parts of the city centre in 1996, resulting in a determination to rebuild the city. Currently the 20th-century Town Hall Extension is being restored and connected to an extended Central Library for the first time, while a parallel project has been carried out to restore the State Room windows in the Victorian Town Hall itself. At the same time the cathedral is undergoing a major project to renew the underfloor heating with a renewable, ground source system. The projects are examined in detail in the rest of this special feature, as is the £2.5m project to restore the home of novelist Elizabeth Gaskell. q

Town Hall project will transform city centre ‹ SINCE 2011 WORK HAS been underway on a £100m project to

transform the part of Manchester city centre that forms the link between the Town Hall and the Central Library in St Peter’s Square – the cultural heart of the city. A key element of the refurbishment has been the Town Hall Extension, built in the 1930s to provide additional accommodation for the municipal workforce. It has been described as a ‘…building of national significance, among the best examples of architecture of its period and part of a civic complex of world class stature.’ The complex, which also includes the iconic, circular Central Library was designed by E Vincent Harris and both the Town Hall Extension and Central Library are now designated as Grade Two* listed. The work being carried out on the extension has a threefold purpose: to restore and repair the fabric of the building, to transform the working environment within the building and create ‘welcoming, inspirational and active public spaces’ and finally to reduce the carbon footprint of the building to render it more sustainable. Main contractor and the city council’s partner in delivering the project is Laing O’Rourke. The architects are Ian Simpson Architects for the Town Hall Extension and Ryder Architecture for the Central Library with URS as structural engineers, Davis Langdon as cost consultants and BDP employed as the M&E consultants. The two public entrances – on Mount Street and St Peter’s Square – are being restored with minute attention to detail paid to how they were in the 1930s. New lifts and stairs will be added to the lower ground floor, which will be extensively converted and opened out to house the extended Central Library. The delivery of public services will be via a new ‘one-stop’ Customer Service Centre. The new access points to the library from the extension entrances will mark the first time the two buildings have been physically

Manchester City Council were keen to preserve the character of the complex, meaning even the famous echo of the Central Library’s Grand Reading Room has been retained connected, despite the fact they are so closely connected in terms of design and location. According to Laing O’Rourke: “A completely new ground floor will create an exhibition/entertainment space and a new underground connection between the two buildings will connect the complex for the first time, extending the public lending library. The former Rates Hall and Gas and Electric Showrooms – key heritage spaces – will be converted into a customer service centre, cafe and multimedia library.” Away from the public areas, the accommodation for council staff and officers will also be improved and modernised to enable much more efficient and flexible usage. The city council’s update on the project states: “General office accommodation for council staff is on all the floors above the ground floor. Many of the corridors will be removed, to create a more modern, light, open plan working environment, which improves communication between teams, but also uses the space much more efficiently.

The Town Hall Extension will connect the Town Hall and the Central Library for the very first time

The stained glass windows, Central Library ceiling and original features have all been restored to their former glory by industry specialists “Some of the original internal corridors are kept near lift lobbies to retain the feel of E Vincent Harris’ original design. These both preserve the original design intent of the building, which is important from a heritage perspective, and create spaces for new meeting rooms, toilets and other facilities. “On the second floor, the council chamber will be retained and the committee rooms will be given a light touch restoration, but their current appearance will remain.” Laing O’Rourke and the design team liaised closely with English Heritage to ensure the new design complemented the building's original architecture. Nevertheless, the new elements have their own identity. Laing O’Rourke’s project engineer Nick Cooke told the company’s in-house magazine: “It is important to the design ethos that the structure is clearly identifiable as distinct from the existing 1930s building, yet remains iconic.” He described the difficulty of achieving that individuality: “To add to the engineering complexity, due to the arrangement of the existing steelwork, the new stairs must cut through the existing transfer structure at the second floor level. Engineering a solution has certainly not been straight-forward!” A significant element of the project concerns the restoration and repair of the original fabric of the two buildings. That has included comprehensive repairs to the lead roofs by J Hempstock and Co, restoration of the magnificent mahogany doors in the former Rates Hall by A G Podmore and Son and the cleaning and restoration of nearly 400 stained and leaded glass panels by Recclesia Stained Glass. The heritage management service for the restoration side of the project was provided by Heritage Project Management Ltd. That included analysis of the paint and cleaning of the scagliola and marbling, as well as furniture restoration and numerous condition assessments. The company’s director Richard Baister told Ecclesiastical and Heritage World: “We are very happy to have been part of the Transformation Team working with Laing O’Rourke undertaking the specialist conservation work on the Grade Two* listed buildings. The project has required true teamwork to ensure that the cultural heritage of the buildings was protected and conserved during the extensive project works to deliver new staff and customer services for Manchester.” In addition to carrying out the project, Laing O’Rourke has gone to great lengths to ensure the city council is kept fully informed on progress. Its in-house building information modelling team worked with the project design team to create a 3D model to reduce unnecessary meetings and administration, and speed up the approvals process. The 3D model will also

The restored ceiling and window of Shakespeare Hall at the main entrance of the Central Library

act as an intelligent tool for surveying and commissioning post-handover. According to Laing O’Rourke: “This offers an unparalleled level of operation and maintenance data compared to paper-based methods, and will vastly improve on-going FM and energy performance monitoring.” The temporary works and demolition phases were simulated prior to construction which helped significantly in discussions with English Heritage and conservation planners. Sophisticated 5D modelling is also being used to provide an accurate bill of materials and greater cost certainty. In a further initiative to provide enhanced community value from the project, Laing O’Rourke has collaborated with the city council and local training providers to develop a Regeneration, Employment and Skills Plan (RESP) to bring new jobs to the local area and develop specialist skills among the local workforce. The final word rests with the contractor Laing O’Rourke: “When completed in 2014 the project will see the transformation of a historic landmark to provide its users and the community with a vibrant multi-functional customer service centre, exhibition/entertainment area, cafe and multimedia library. During the process we will have contributed to the local economy by utilising the local supply chain and SMEs, and spearheading up-skilling initiatives, including the creation of 69 apprenticeships.” q

Roofers learn the ropes to repair Manchester’s Jewel ‹ THE ELEVATIONS AND ROOFS of the

Town Hall Extension are well known iconic land marks for anyone in Manchester and are an imposing sight – the 20 metre-high roofs having in the region of 400 tonnes of sand-cast lead sheet installed on them. J Hempstock & Co Ltd became involved in the project in November 2010 when the interviewing process began with the client, architect, English Heritage and principal contractor. Initial design ideas for access strategies were offered, which was considered the most difficult aspect of the work. It was something that Hempstock’s were keen to be involved in, as three generations of the family have worked on the buildings and roofs and it has been always their ambition to be involved in their major overhaul. The brief for the roof restoration was originally to replace a large quantity of failed Code 8 sand-cast lead panels with new ones, installed to the same detail as the originals, while ensuring that they conformed to the latest Lead Sheet Association recommendations. The lead sheet removed for reinstallation was lowered to the ground and delivered to the sand cast manufacturing company to be re-cast into the new panels. Many hundreds of repairs to splits and failures in the material have caused in part what the technical specification tells us are incorrect details. Working on the main roof slopes had its own issues. The roof having in the region of a 60o slope, scaffolding could not be installed and the only access was via large, relatively mobile platforms suspended on steel ropes with all operatives securely harnessed by independent

ropes and supervised at all times by fully-trained climbing supervisors. To enable them to carry out the work, all those involved on the project and likely to be working on the roofs – including those who were to carry out inspections and surveys – were required to attend a full week course at ‘Leeds Wall’, where they underwent five days of strict training in the safe use of harnesses, rigging and rescue. Said Mike Hempstock: “Generally we found those people who do this sort of thing for a hobby or for their full-time jobs are light, fit and agile – for those of us who are used to installing lead sheet with feet firmly on scaffold, or those who are used to working behind a

desk, the rope access course presented its own challenges, not least climbing 40 feet in the air across beams with nothing but ropes and straps to cross open spaces, and abseiling down over obstacles.” It has to be said that not all passed – some found the challenge too great on their bodies and some found phobias which had never previously presented themselves. Some required more than one week’s training. Mike continued: “It was not an option for me to fail, despite being informed that I was the oldest person to try for the course that year. Great encouragement! “Finally after the courses were completed and

the guys chosen for the various works, we were tasked with providing a full-size mock-up of a section of the Town Hall Extension roof on which we were to practice our theories and discover what installing an 80kg piece of lead was like while harnessed and suspended 100ft in the air.” After several days of installing, removing and repairing sections of the Code 8 sand-cast lead sheet and getting used to working from harnesses the enormity of the task became apparent – wherein they could be potentially required to remove and replace over 2,000 lead panels. After the filming of the tasks to be carried out on the ‘mock up’ for use in the method statement and the final design issues being agreed, the platforms could be manufactured to await transportation to the site. They were craned into position using some of the largest cranes available. Purpose-built equipment was manufactured to enable the platforms to be suspended and moved vertically and horizontally as works progressed. To enable the rigging to be installed and in order to take the weight of the largest platform – which was in the region of 3 tonnes when fully laden – tests for anchor points were carried out on various positions within the perimeter gutters and at low-level positions around the perimeter of the roof. Mike Hempstock takes up the story: “It was soon apparent that the structure at the base of the gutters was not suitable to support the cradle weights. We had one option left: the removal of sections of lead sheet around the perimeter of the roof, exposing the boards which were cut away as well as the ‘fondant cement’ and terracotta tiling formed as substrate.” The roof was cut out at positions around the perimeter to expose the existing steel structure. Tests were carried out and it was confirmed that they would be suitable for the installation of the anchor points. Purpose-made brackets were fitted for the rigging team to install enough ropes to suspend not only 10 operatives but three platforms weighing 2-3 tonnes each. After a period of organisation lasting approximately 4 months the platforms were hoisted into position and rigged ready for commencing on site. Positions for placing them were restricted and after their initial lift several operatives spent days relocating the platforms before any leadwork could start. Once work started it soon became apparent that the surveyed works bore little resemblance to the actual requirements on site so the roofs were inspected in sections and failures recorded, while the team awaited instruction on how to proceed.

The leadwork was in very poor condition and there were many failures on most of the panels. The original plan of repair and replacement became a repair only as over 1,200 additional failures were identified on the southern elevation alone. The panels had originally been installed using a single row of cut copper tacks approximately 1-2 inches long. These had either cut through the lead sheet or fallen out as the panels expanded. The panels were installed with a 3-inch welt running vertically, complete with 4-inch copper clips inside the welts which were twisted and cutting into the lead sheet, causing buckling and scoring, and restricting expansion of the lower sections of the lead panels. The south-facing elevations of the roofs were de-seamed, repaired, repositioned and re-fixed using three rows of copper ring shank nails. Existing copper clips within welts were replaced or reformed and re-installed. Rebates were installed to the under-cloaks ensuring that future expansion can occur. That operation was carried out to approximately 3,000 panels, along with a few hundred new panels where repair was not

an option. The works in those areas lasted 18 months and involved eight operatives trained to IRATA level 1 and three specialist IRATA 3 supervisors. Once the panels on the elevations were made secure and installed correctly the ridge could be tackled. This had been installed by using the upper row of lead bays bossed over the top of the ridge and was neither nailed nor clipped. It had slipped and failed at that point. Mike Hempstock explained: “The ridge was redesigned and installed in separate Code 8 panels, ensuring adequate cover was given to the panels below, with their three new rows of nails. We then manufactured small individual sections to enable previous welt positions to remain, so that the silhouette of the ridge did not alter from the original. The original lightning conductor was fitted to the new ridge with welded lead clips.” The ridge being 150ft from the ground, the work was again carried out by rope access – but now with ladders as the platforms could not be raised to that position. While the works to the roof were on-going, the replacement of 57 Code 6 sand-cast lead

dormers had already begun. There are 72 dormers on the Town Hall Extension building, with 57 on the more southerly elevations exposed, having suffered badly from cracking. Remedial works over the years had seen fixes installed to ensure the panels didn’t lift or fall away, but that had exacerbated the situation and failures continued to occur. The vertical cheeks and faces of the dormers can be seen to be black, while the sloping roofs were grey. It was thought by the contractor that a paint type product had been applied to the lead sheet but samples indicated it was many years of pollution. Following removal of the bronze windows, the new installation was to be carried out using Code 6 sand-cast lead sheet to the latest specifications, with several sample installations being provided for the client, architect and English Heritage before agreement was reached on how the dormers should look. While operatives from J Hempstock & Co continued with the roofs and dormers on the Town Hall Extension, work began to inspect, repair and renew Code 8 panels at the Central Library. The library was emptied of books and significant structural restoration and refurbishment began in 2011. J Hempstock & Co were instructed to carry out the roof repairs and renewals on the lead domes – both inner and outer – along with complete replacement of cast-iron rainwater goods, again

by the use of rope access and internal hoists. The roofs again showed significantly more failures on close inspection than the original survey had indicated. Those additional issues were the cause of many meetings and discussions and it was clear from an early stage that the original quantities were woefully inadequate. A decision was made that no additonal repairs were to be carried out to those in the original survey and that any replacements on the inner dome were to be abandoned so that more repairs to the outer dome could be carried out. The details on the lead sheet utilised on the outer dome were also specific to this building, but due to the use of square roll joints and work hardening when the bossing of the lead roll ends and intersections was carried out, many of the roll ends had failed. Due to financial limitations they have only been repaired. J Hempstock & Co manufactured several hundreds of roll ends off site from templates. They were then welded into postion by operatives working via rope access over a period of several months. Mike Hempstock explained the constraints put on the work by financial pressures: “Inherent issues with detailing and failure of the entire perimeter of 182 bays at the eaves were dealt with by adapting them to ensure that expansion is not restricted and the same failures do not re-occur. We were unable to carry out all the

elements of work we recommended purely due to cost restraints and several areas have been left until they can be considered for repair at another time,” he said. “The leadworks on both the Town Hall Extension and Central Library were just a small part of the entire transformation. Being involved has been a learning experience and working closely with teams from all parties has been done to the genuine benefit of the building and project.” The works to the roof of this magnificent building were carried out over a period of 24 months and required great perseverance and skill – not least with the use of access equipment to ensure that the works were carried out safely and sympathetically while working within the strict programme allowances. It is very likely that, had the work not been carried out, several sections of the lead roof panels would have fallen away causing significant issues with their replacement and potential internal damage to the building. Mike Hempstock summed up the experience: “The Manchester Town Hall Extension transformation project is nearing completion and we are privileged to have been involved. It will be a fantastic selling point for Manchester and is sure to become a brighter, more exciting place to visit – whether for studying or pleasure. I am certainly looking forward to spending time there with family and friends.” q


Manchester Town Hall a task of epic proportions 390 panels of stained and leaded glass + 5 miles of lead came +127,000 soldered joints + 42,000 individual sections of glass =1 epic task. Jamie Moore and Kat Walton of Recclesia Stained Glass explain!


extension and the adjoining Central Library are some of the city’s most recognisable buildings. The Town Hall is Grade I listed and is an essay in Gothic revival architecture. The Grade II* Town Hall Extension (THX) was added between 1934 and 1938, designed by architect E Vincent Harris who won a design competition for this and the Central Library. The current transformation project will see the buildings sensitively upgraded to allow their ongoing use well into the future. Both buildings contain a mixture of stained and leaded glass, glazed into bronze casements. The work in the THX is that of George Kruger-Gray and his name is signed in several of the panels. Kruger-Gray was better known as a coin designer than a designer of stained glass. This background certainly shines through in his stained glass work which is very highly detailed. Of particular note are those windows in the ante-chamber of the THX and the staircase of the Central Library, which are an absolute delight in terms of intricacy of detail, bold use of colour and combination of techniques. The majority of the windows in the Central Library are also his, with the obvious and notable exception of the well-known Shakespeare

Window which sits under the portico over the main entrance. The design is attributed to Robert Anning Bell, commissioned by Rosa Grindon, the widow of Manchester botanist Leo Grindon in whose name the window was bequeathed. Bell died in 1933, so could never have seen this window completed. There were a number of issues identified with the windows, principally the widespread failure of the leadwork. The glass itself was particularly badly soiled to both internal and external faces, allowing very little transmission of light. There had also been a lot of previous repair work, much of which had been done to a rough and ready standard using poorly matched glass, cold paints and poor quality lead straps and filler. Some of the better repair work was completed in 1949 following wartime bomb damage, and all of these repairs have been reincorporated into the windows as they marked an important part of their history. There were also a number of issues with the bronze casements, all of which were repaired whilst the glass was at the studio. It took several days to number the windows, detailing the original location and orientation. The idea of losing track of what went where did not bear thinking about, so great care was taken to ensure accuracy – not just as the glass

came out, but at every stage as each panel moved through the studio and back into the building on completion. A system of numbers and letters, backed up by a colour-coding system was put into place, with each window labelled and recorded both photographically and physically using rubbings referenced to a key. Before being removed, each panel was assessed for stability, both in respect of its lead structure and the condition of the paintwork and the glass. Some panels were in such poor condition that they had to be carefully

Left to right: Kat Walton and Sarah Woodhall examining the Shakespeare stained glass; Kat Walton working on the Lightbox; Part of the Shakespeare Window being releaded


deconstructed in-situ as to try to remove them in one go would have been catastrophic. As each panel arrived at the studio, it was catalogued and assessed and an individual plan formed for the treatment of each panel. The windows in the worst condition were those from the Central Library. Not only were they far dirtier than all of the others, but many were fatally unstable. On assessment at the studio, it was found that over a third of the glass had been replaced using cheap modern obscure glass, rather than the mouth-blown reamy cylinder glass originally used. All of the repairs had been carried out in-situ, leaving every panel severely weakened by years of patching up. A match for the glass was commissioned for production by Lamberts Glass in Germany, who produce some of the finest mouth-blown glass in the world. There were also a significant number of smashed sections of glass. These were repaired using a combination of studio conservation techniques, meaning that almost every section of original stained glass was retained within the window. Where repair was impossible or where glass was missing altogether, new sections of glass were painted and kiln-fired to fill the gaps. These were signed and dated by the glass artist before being incorporated into the window so that any future conservator would be able to recognise the replacements without having to consult records.


The Shakespeare Window before and after The project took the studio the best part of a year to complete and the results speak for themselves. The stained glass has been entirely rejuvenated in both form and function by considered, practical intervention. All extant original glass was reincorporated into the building and those repairs or replacements that were carried out were done faithfully and honestly. The management of this sensitive

approach on such a gigantic scale was certainly a challenge, but one which all of the Recclesia studio conservators, support staff and site staff rose to with admirable aplomb. q • Recclesia Stained Glass is based in Chester and works across the UK and internationally. For more information visit

Manchester Town Hall complex transformation Top rate conservation and restoration work in Manchester Rates Hall

‹ DAVID PODMORE AND HIS first class team of restorers and

conservators were delighted to be contracted by Laing O’ Rourke to carry out the latest work in the on-going project at the Town Hall complex. The Town Hall Extension and Central Library, designed by E Vincent Harris, contain a mix of classic and contemporary features within their public and corporate spaces – one of the jewels being the magnificent Rates Hall, now resurrected as the new customer service area. Podmores were entrusted with the restoration of the large Cuban mahogany doors and associated over panels. Some restoration was required to put the eight pairs of doors leading off this magnificent space back in the original format and then enabling six pairs to open into the new court yard reception area. Careful repairs and remodelling were carried out to size the doors and corresponding rebates to the original openings following extensive alteration during the last 70 years. Veneers were repaired and matched using original period sourced materials and great emphasis paid to cleaning and repolishing the surfaces to retain all the existing patina and colour. This was achieved with great skill by the French polishers who achieved an authentic finish. Another interesting aspect of the work was that two of the doors were in fact sham dummies and had brickwork to the reverse sides. In the new scheme these had to be fully operational as opening doors and so the craftsmen at A G Podmores created a facsimile of raised and fielded panels on the

reverse side – this was done using existing timber salvaged from the original redundant door linings together with some flame mahogany veneers that had been in Podmore’s stock for over 40 years. Once again with careful polishing all the new work blends in beautifully. A G Podmore & Son have also been entrusted with other projects within the Town Hall complex including the library furniture, council chamber furniture, members committee room furniture, central library desk and clock tower drum. q



Manchester Town Hall: State Room windows ‹ THE STATE ROOM WINDOWS had been in a poor state of repair

for many years and in 2011 a scheme was created that would deal with the health and safety issues raised by their condition. The team at Cheshire Stained Glass put together a proposal that would accommodate all the problems. They would have to work on mobile elevated working platforms, from a public square, on a Grade l Listed building whilst working around events in the State Rooms themselves and in Albert Square. The scheme focused on all defects below head height in the six state rooms and fell into opening metal sash repairs and leaded light repairs. Fifty eight metal sashes had decayed and ceased to function, most of their furniture was missing and, when fully open, their position contravened regulations for opening windows. Managing director Tim Donohoe-Birch takes up the story: “Once we began to remove the sashes from the metal frames, we soon realised that we would face further difficulties. Each face of iron was not welded or forged to the next, as would be expected, but soldered. This formed a weak bond between the two and explained why every opener was disintegrating. This was also the case with the fixed frames. From here, the scheme was extended to repair the large metagl frames in situ. “The existing sashes were repaired and welded to improve their

strength, whilst new sashes were produced to replace previous poor repairs. Sand cast brass window furniture was produced from casts taken from the remaining original furniture. This included handles, back plates, catch keepers, stays and pins. Further detail was added to the handles by laithe. Restrictors were designed, manufactured and fitted to the windows to limit their opening. “Forty two leaded lights were removed for workshop restoration. These were sectional re-builds around damaged areas. This approach was preferred by the client over fully re-leading in order to preserve as much of the aged lead came as possible along with the glass. “In situ leaded light repairs were also undertaken. These were done externally so that the disturbance to the lead came could not be seen from the function rooms. “It was a project full of long days and tireless planning, but once fitted, the restored stained glass and metal frames seamlessly blended in to the neo-gothic fabric, making a long project worthwhile. Functionality, along with original features, had been restored to these unique windows.” q • Visit the company’s new website at www. for further information – and over fifty case studies!


Great clocks allow time to rule our lives ‹ ONE POINT WHERE RELIGIOUS and secular edifices meet – though for different

reasons – is in reminding the populace of the passage of time. For centuries the only information about the time of day came from church clocks, with the bells ringing out the times of services and mourning the dead. With the coming of the industrial revolution the clock became the regulator of people’s lives and the great civic buildings had to remind people of the time in as accurate a way as possible. A remarkable document has been preserved by Gillett and Johnston – the company that installed the clock in Manchester Town Hall. It is the response to an inquiry in 1906, presumably a request for a testimonial. It reads: “…I have pleasure in stating on behalf of the Town Hall Committee of this Corporation, that the Clock which you erected in the Tower of this Town Hall has, since its erection in the year 1878, given entire satisfaction, and it is looked upon by the citizens as the principal timekeeper of the city.” The document is singed by the Chairman of the Town Hall Committee, James Rushworth. Gillett and Johnston were also responsible for the recasting, tuning and rehanging of Manchester Cathedral bells in 1925 and another handbill (pictured) detailing the work has been uncovered by the company. Thus, by meticulous and precise engineering and maintenance the citizens of Manchester have been informed of the passage of time. That process continues to this day, and the clocks of both cathedral and Town Hall – the twin headquarters of God and Mammon in the city – are regularly kept in prime condition and both have recently seen restoration projects carried out by The Cumbria Clock Company. They are in good company: the firm has also worked on the Great Clock at the Palace of Westminster (erroneously known as Big Ben – that is the name of the great hour bell that sounds the note E) and the ancient clock in Salisbury Cathedral – claimed by some to be the oldest working clock in the world, but certainly in the UK. R


New heating system is centrepiece of cathedral re-ordering ‹ MANCHESTER CATHEDRAL IS currently occupied by a team of

contractors, who are installing a new underfloor heating system. The new system is a ground source system from Eco Friendly Installations of Gwynedd and it will make the cathedral one of the greenest in the country. Ground source heat pumps work by utilising the solar energy trapped in the earth, as well as residual geothermal energy left over from when the planet was formed. Underfloor heating works the best with a ground source system as it runs at a lower temperature than traditional radiators. The current underfloor heating system dates from the post-war rebuilding era of the 1950s. In the past five years there have been three incidents of the heating flooding the cathedral floor and as a result the heating output now is around 60% of the levels it should be. The work is being overseen by the architects Lloyd Evans Prichard, who said: “Records held at the cathedral indicated that in 1888 a review of the cathedral floors was undertaken to address the odour emanating from past burials. The re-ordering of the cathedral in the late Victorian period was a substantial project that entailed major alterations to the floor.” On completion the project will see the replacement of the floors in the nave, the quire aisles and the Regimental, Fraser and Lady Chapels. By mid-July some of the new pipes had been installed and the substrate of the floor replaced in parts of the building. The floor was taken up in manageable pieces and a community interest company – Total Reuse – has begun marketing a series of mementos from the lifted tiles to help raise funding for the project. An issue with the installation was that the excavations should not disturb ground that had not been disturbed since the last re-ordering in the 1880s. The architects continued: “The design of the proposed floor aimed to minimise the depth of excavation that would be necessary to accommodate the new floor. Minimising the depth of excavation limited the potential for encountering ground not disturbed since the late 1800s. The avoidance of undisturbed archaeology was an important consideration for the project for both time and cost constraint reasons.” The new heating system is part of an on-going restoration programme of the cathedral and its precincts. Entrances will be opened up and the visitor centre re-ordered. Important statues that were moved after the World War II bomb strike will be reinstated. A new internal and external lighting scheme will address four ‘levels’: base, enhanced, local and feature lighting. A new organ will be installed and a series of contemporary pavilions will ‘provide physical and visual linkages for arts, music and education’. The project also includes the design and construction of a new mechanical raise-and-lower stone dais to replace the existing removable timber dais in the nave of the cathedral. Designed by structural engineers from Blackett-Ord Conservation, the

new dais comprises stone tiles, a concrete slab, a steel frame and a series of precision screw jacks – all contained in a 1.7m-deep reinforced concrete pit. When not in use the 22m2 hexagonal dais will be level with the new stone floor, but can be raised by 190mm when required for a service, concert or other special event. The reinforced concrete pit has been designed to be totally waterproof and sufficiently deep to allow safe access for the inspection and maintenance of the screw jacks and associated drive gear. All elements of the design and construction are to extra-fine tolerances which will result in a gap of only 3mm between the edge of the dais and the surrounding floor. Elsewhere, the engineers from Blackett-Ord Conservation have designed the fibre reinforced concrete ground slab and have provided specialist advice to help resolve the many unforeseen problems which are encountered when working on such historically important sites. R



Look what’s A new chapter for popped-up outside Gaskell House! ‹ the cathedral: another cathedral! FAMOUS VICTORIAN NOVELIST Elizabeth Gaskell might well have been inspired to pen a word or two about the quality of restoration work carried out at her former home close to the heart of Manchester! Gaskell House, otherwise known as 84 Plymouth Grove, is a Grade II* listed building that was on the English Heritage Buildings at Risk Register due to the perilous state of the internal and external structure. Gaskell lived there from 1850 to 1865 and wrote classics such as North and South within its walls. Much of the latest chapter in the rich history of this building, which was frequently visited by the likes of Charles Dickens and Charlotte Bronte, has been written by Yorkshire-based traditional plastering firm Ornate Interiors whose external rendering work has transformed the exterior to its former glory. Ornate Interiors’ director Iain Clifford has been actively involved in the project and commented, “The building was in a very poor condition with structural cracks running through many of the exterior walls and a resilient lime render was urgently required to protect its integrity for years to come. “Over the harsh winter months the building was placed under a protective cover to guard against the elements and much of the work was carried out within this ‘bubble’.” There were a number of major areas of work for Iain and his team of craftsmen to focus on including the porch, principle elevations and repair to capitals (pictured below before and after the work). The extent of the repairs was identified by architects, The Bernard Taylor Partnership, in a detailed drawing survey.

‹ WHILE THE PROJECT TO install the new heating system and renew the cathedral floors is underway, worshippers have been able to attend services and offer private prayers at the latest – and hopefully most temporary – religious building: the Cathedral on the Street! That is the name given to a ‘pop-up’ cathedral, which was designed in conjunction with the cathedral and constructed and partly sponsored by Nikal Ltd. The team had the assistance of Innov8 Development Solutions, which specialises in helping clients to achieve innovative developments. Situated outside its parent’s west door, the building’s design incorporates simple long-arched, church-style windows with coloured leaded glass, a feature door canopy and oversized main door. The design also ‘nods’ to the many Tudor features around that area of the city, from Chetham’s School of Music to the Shambles. The structure can hold up to 300 people. It is sited amidst a new, ‘greener’ cathedral precinct, thanks to town centre development company CityCo. It forms part of the sixth Manchester Garden City Scheme. The new space also includes artificial grass with new seating areas, and chalets to cater for community events and children’s activities. Another feature of the scheme is a new cycle lane connecting Victoria Street to Greengate. The Cathedral on the Street will replace its parent until the project to install the new heating system is complete – scheduled for the end of November. q

The walls, which had over time been subject to movement, were stripped of their finishes to reveal the underlying brickwork. The lime render was applied in three coats with each coat checked on a daily basis to monitor the curing process. “Decorative cast elements to match the originals were created in our workshops” added Iain, “With some of them requiring up to one month’s curing in temperature regulated conditions to ensure that full binder hydration


was complete prior to being taken back to site for installation. Other mouldings were run in-situ on site. “The sequence of layering of the render was carried out in such a way as to allow the final finish coat of the generally flat work to tie in seamlessly with the cast elements providing a uniformly finished surface. “It’s always very satisfying to be able to demonstrate the traditional plastering skills and knowledge of our workforce whilst preserving such a wonderful piece of our heritage.” The preservation of this wonderful piece of heritage, using craftsmanship passed down the centuries, is a story in itself and one which Ms Gaskell herself would have been proud of! q • For more information visit and www.

Gaskell House before the renovation was started, and top of page, just before external completion


139 year old construction company win the £1.26m bid for the restoration of Elizabeth Gaskell House ‹ ELIZABETH GASKELL IS

Manchester’s most important writer. Her social circle certainly included writers and social reformers such as William and Mary Howitt, Charles Dickens, Charlotte Bronte and John Ruskin to name a few. All three of her novels have been presented on television and her books translated into many different languages. Her most famous novels include Cranford, North and South and Wives & Daughters. Elizabeth Gaskell House on Plymouth Grove was the home devoted to the 19th century female writer, and one of the few important residential buildings close to the centre of Manchester. The house has stood empty for several years and thanks to the Gaskell Society and the Heritage Lottery Fund it is now set to be restored to its former glory. It is certainly set to be a significant visitor attraction to the city and a focus for the local community. Armitage Construction, a specialist heritage contractor, was chosen as the perfect partner to sympathetically restore the old building back to its former glory along with architects The Bernard Taylor Partnership. Works to complete the renovation throughout the property will include – a

new lift pit and shaft, recovering of part of the roof, replacement of the ornamental plaster, repairs to the original stairs and shutters, new doors, windows and floor finishes as well as external services to repair the boundary walls and the reinstatement to replicate the original railings. The planned re-opening is set for late summer of 2014. Holding the reins of the company in charge of the renovation project today is Daniel Armitage, the 5th generation of his family to do so. Daniel said: “It is an honour to be involved in the renovation and refurbishment of such an important historic building, it is simply a delight for us as a company to work on”. q


Maintenance and alterations to churches ‹ CHURCHES HAVE ALWAYS formed a significant part of our practice’s

workload. We have advised on repair works to a variety of types of churches and have designed extensions and internal remodelling of a number of them, writes Martin Hall of Oxfordshire based Hall & Ensom. Maintaining an historic church, be it listed or unlisted, is in many ways no different from looking after any other old or historic building. It is a constant battle against the elements, usually with limited funds and the burden falling on decreasing rolls or attendances. In all cases the key factor is to maintain the external envelope – keeping water out in all its forms and the building as dry as possible. Every church has to have a 5 yearly inspection, referred to as a Quinquennial Inspection and we undertake these for a number of Methodist, Baptist and Anglican churches together with their accompanying vicarages and manses in the agreed QQ pro-forma. In almost every case significant savings could be achieved if first aid maintenance was carried out. SPAB has had a long standing initiative under the heading ‘a stitch in time saves nine’. Such actions as keeping gutters clean and clear of leaves; ensuring down pipes


and drains work; making sure parapet gutters are sound and carrying out short term repairs to any split lead and replacing any slipped slates or tiles all help keep the building in good order. The Church Care web site at gives good advice on maintenance issues. Before (top) and after work carried out One church we recently came across had a substantial internal gutter which had not been kept clear. This was a significant modern listed church and it suffered very badly because of pigeons nesting in this internal gutter causing blockages. In the end many thousands of pounds worth of damage resulted with the legacy of internal disfigurement which is still to be resolved. Another common fault we see regularly in late Victorian or early Edwardian buildings are over covered wood block floors with rubber back carpet or carpet tiles. This causes the floors to sweat, where moisture was previously able to transpire freely into the atmosphere, with consequent decay of the wood block floors. Previously they had lasted for anything up to a hundred years but we have now seen quite rapid deterioration, often within one quinquennial period. Churches should feel free to ask their quinquennial surveyor or architect for advice following his survey, and indeed during the intervening 5 year period. Often this can be given either free or at minimal charge, especially where visits are not needed. Design of Disability Adaptations work is a prominent feature of our workload as churches adapt to the changing needs of society and an increasingly elderly congregation. We have designed and specified a number of lift installations for larger churches. One featured in a substantial internal restructuring in which a large auditorium was horizontally divided into worship space at the new first floor level and domestic and church offices on the ground floor. This £0.5m scheme transformed the church and revitalised its use. Much simpler schemes have involved redesigning toilet and kitchen accommodation to incorporate DDA compliant facilities. Other projects have included extensions to provide new meeting rooms and internal and external reordering. Our practice undertakes all of the design works inhouse and guides the project through the planning and building regs stages – obtaining building tenders and providing construction phase co-ordination. For further information visit q

Forth Bridge World Heritage bid opens for consultation ‹ THE PUBLIC’S VIEWS ON the World

Heritage nomination of the Forth Bridge are being sought through a 12-week consultation launched in May. The Forth Bridges Forum – which includes a number of local and national organisations – is keen to gather input from individuals and interested parties in support of the iconic railway bridge’s nomination. The consultation will seek views on the benefits a successful bid could deliver for the local communities, as well as in wider areas such as tourism, education, skills and innovation. Launching the consultation, Fiona Hyslop, Cabinet Secretary for Culture and External Affairs said: “The Forth Bridge is an iconic and enduring symbol of Scotland’s Victorian engineering ingenuity at its very best. It truly is deserving of World Heritage Site status.”  The Forth Bridge is owned and operated by Network Rail. David Simpson, Network Rail route managing director, commented: “We’re pleased to give this nomination our

full backing. The Forth Bridge is a unique, world class structure and it deserves to be recognised as a high point of human ambition and achievement. We consider ourselves as proud custodians of the Bridge and look forward to hearing the feedback from the consultation.” The Forth Bridge World Heritage Consultation will close on Sunday 11th August 2013. q • And if you ever wondered who paints the Forth Bridge then here is the the answer. The Forth Bridge, with its 54,000 tons of steel held together by 6.5 million rivets, is being hand painted by Pyeroy as part of a ten year rolling civil engineering and structural refurbishment programme. Specific requirements include the abrasive blasting of the structure to SA 2½ standard and the application of primer (50um), glass flake (400um normal/800um splash zone) and polyurethane (50um) coatings. For more information on Pyeroy visit



Former Premiership footballer Linvoy Primus

CRE shares its biggest ever year with football’s anniversary ‹ THIS YEAR IS THE biggest year in the history of the Christian Resources

Exhibition – the first that will see no fewer than four incarnations of the event around the country. Next up is CRE Midlands, which will be held at the NEC in Birmingham on 3-4 Oct. The first CRE show for nine years at the prestigious Midlands venue follows another successful four days at Sandown Park where CRE International attracted just over 10,000 visitors. “It will be great to be back at the NEC,” said CRE event organiser Bill Allen. “It is a strategic and accessible venue for people throughout the midlands and beyond, with excellent transport links and purpose-built facilities for exhibitor and visitor alike” The exhibition at Birmingham is still very much in development with over 150 exhibitors expected. According to the organisers the programme will include: • An extensive range of books, music and resources to buy • The latest multimedia equipment and expert advice • Over 40 practical and resourcing seminars • The best in Christian theatre and music “In fact,” say the organisers, “no other event provides such a remarkable range of seminars, workshops, theatre and church resources – this event is truly an experience not to be missed.” The exhibition will be opened by former Premiership footballer Linvoy Primus, who is the founder of a grassroots educational ministry with football at its heart. Linvoy, who played for Charlton, Barnet, Reading and Portsmouth, is part of a charity called Faith and Football which runs educational, enterprise and outreach programmes. He believes churches should turn back the clock and do what they were doing in 1863, which marked the founding of the Football Association. The FA is currently celebrating its 150th anniversary and Linvoy has pointed out how, with the modern game in its infancy, churches used it to meet the needs of local communities. From church football teams came some of the country’s most famous clubs, including Everton, Aston Villa, Barnsley and Southampton. “Sport captivates a huge number of people,” he explained. “Young men, in particular, are drawn to football. We need to get back to the basics. If we are to reach our communities we must do it with an agenda that meets a need in the community. Our forefathers knew that. We must re-learn it.

“Even if your church doesn’t have enough people to form a team you can still go out to the parks and support and bless those who are playing. You could even run a free tea bar for the players and supporters. “Through football you build relationships. Churches should seriously consider going to local parks to support local players. That’s mission in action.” Fellow members of Faith and Football include Aston Villa’s Darren Bent, Joel Ward and Julian Speroni from Crystal Palace, Charlton Athletic manager Chris Powell and former Bolton midfielder Fabrice Muamba. Fabrice, who collapsed during a match at White Hart Lane and 'died' for 78 minutes, said: “I asked God to protect me before the game and he didn’t let me down.” Linvoy Primus continued: “We want to meet young people and their families where they are on life's journey and help them reach their full potential. We try to serve our local communities and make a difference by seeing lives changed.” The Healing and Wholeness Zone at CRE Midlands – resourced by Premier Life – will build on a groundbreaking conference held in Birmingham in April, entitled Faith in Health and Healing. Key figures from health, social care and churches from across the UK and internationally met together to explore how Christians can be involved in healthcare and healing in the 21st century, fulfilling the commission Jesus gave to his disciples to go and heal the sick, bind up the broken hearted and bring hope to those in need. A series of keynote seminars will explore the themes of health, healing, emotional well-being and caring. Alongside them there will be a specially allocated area for a range of the health, disability, healing and wholeness organisations to exhibit together, thereby enabling the church to fulfil its mission to reach the whole of the community whatever their needs. If the organisations represented do not offer the specific services required they are likely to know who does and where they are based. “Our aim,” says Jonathan Clarke, chairman of the Healing and Wholeness Zone, “is for a welcoming and enabling church where all feel at home and a place where individual needs are recognised, understood and responded to appropriately, making full use of the specialist resources in the wider Christian community so that they can find their place in the body of Christ and play their part in church life.” Following the Birmingham show, CRE’s hectic year will conclude with a visit to Edinburgh in November. q



Sandown sees another increase in visitor numbers ‹ THE BIGGEST EVENT OF the year for

Christian Resources Exhibitions is inevitably CRE International, which has grown from strength to strength over the decades. This year the number of visitors to the annual Sandown event increased marginally on 2012 with around 10,000 – including the first-ever Pharisee to come through the doors. “As always, there was more to see on all three floors than even a holy man could shake a stick at!” said event organiser Bill Allen. “Our visitor figures bucked the trend in difficult financial times for all exhibitions.” The Pharisee (pictured striding the paddock area) appeared as part of the Wintershall Players' open air Life of Christ. CRE show director Paul Langham, said: “We are delighted our numbers are slightly up on 2012, though it is quality of visitor rather quantity that is always the key factor.” Former Premiership footballer Linvoy Primus opened the show, as he will in Birmingham in October. First-time exhibitors Wash My Pink Jumper and Word of God Banners were full of praise for the four-day show.

“I came to the show to launch a business,” said Sally Prendergast of Word of God Banners. “I have recouped my costs with just one commission and had a lot of firm enquiries. It has been a really good four days.” Rod Gleasby of Wash My Pink Jumper believes it is vital to have an intriguing title and a service or product with which a number of people identify. “We support young women who decide that living is more important than binge drinking,” he said. “We have met dozens of people who are really concerned about the lifestyle of children and young people in their care, whether at home or in church circles.” At the show, screenwriter Candace Lee gave visitors a sneak preview of her forthcoming festive movie. The Christmas Candle is set in a Cotswolds church in the 1890s and stars Hans Matheson, Samantha Barks, Sylvester McCoy, Lesley Manville, John Hannah and introduces Susan Boyle. Due for theatrical release in the upcoming Advent and Christmas period, the movie is based on a best-selling novel by Max Lucado. “It is a Christian story, a story of hope and

faith,” said Candace. “These Advent themes are very much present in the film. Having God in their lives is something the community hope and believe in. Every believer can relate to that aspect of hope and faith throughout the film.” The Christmas Candle was one of a number of movies showcased on Film Friday, a new addition to CRE International. q


Lighting Dynamics complete another stunning church lighting project ‹ LIGHTING DYNAMICS UK, based in Sutton

Coldfield, West Midlands, has recently designed and completed the installation of yet another stunning lighting project for the magnificent and sumptuous interior of St Augustine of Hippo Church in Edgbaston, Birmingham. St Augustine’s, a Grade II* building, has been a splendid Victorian landmark at the centre of the Conservation Area that bears its name since the church was first consecrated in 1868. Gerry Browne of Lighting Dynamics said: “The interior lighting upgrade at St Augustine’s provided a real challenge, especially in terms of the correct type and levels of illumination for both the church’s magnificent architectural and ecclesiastical features.” Working closely with key members of the PCC, the DAC, the Church Architect, English Heritage and Birmingham Victorian Society, Gerry worked through all of the details and a final lighting design solution evolved. The final lighting design included a variety of all modern, long life and energy saving light sources including LEDs, ceramic metal halide and low voltage tungsten, all of which are linked to a unique and bespoke dimming / lighting controls system.


These light sources are linked to a quality range of appropriate architectural light fittings all with the correct optics and the ability to take a complete range of lighting accessories, such as anti glare louvres, spread lenses, etc. The client and all of the project team are delighted with the final result and a grand opening ceremony by the Lord Mayor of Birmingham has already taken place. Lighting Dynamics continue to offer a totally independent, creative, unbiased lighting design and consultancy service and, where required, the supply of all associated/specified lighting equipment. The company can also provide a complete electrical installation service via a dedicated team of NIC EIC registered electricians. They have a number of very prestigious church lighting projects currently in progress with a further significant number at advanced stages of planning and design. Gerry Browne believes that this is a very exciting time in the further development of church lighting, especially with such a great and diverse range of modern light sources now coming on stream. He has found that customers are increasingly looking for someone with the flair and experience to provide a quality lighting design, whilst also specifying top grade lighting equipment and controls that will provide longevity and reliability for their particular project. q

Family business lights the way for royalty, church and scholars

For over sixty years James Hall and his family have been synonymous with church lighting. From St Paul’s Cathedral, Christchurch Spitalfields and St Martin-inthe-Fields, to The Chapel Royal at St James’s Palace and many more, barely a year has passed without the Hall family’s involvement in a major church project. Over the next two pages we focus on three of their prestigious projects...


Bath Abbey ‹ IN 2009 JAMES BEGUN work

with Charles Curnock at Bath Abbey on a project to convert and restore original Skidmore chandeliers to accommodate energy-efficient LED lighting which formed part of the Bath Abbey’s overall Footprint Project. Over a two year period James worked with project administrator Charles Curnock and architect Fergus Connolly to produce a design for incorporating 21st-century technology into these very historic chandeliers. The chandeliers had been converted to electricity in the 1970’s and included very inefficient light sources and iron ballasts held together in hanging pods. In conjunction with Fergus Connolly the pods were removed and a new design for housing the LED lights sources and heat sinks was produced. The LEDs for the downlighting were specified to be 1300lm high-output units with a very high colour rendering index. In addition the fittings were to be fitted with internal LED uplighters to illuminate the beautiful metalwork of the chandeliers. The light sources were extensively tested and were found to not only vastly improve the downward spread of light but also to produce illumination that helped complement and highlight the fantastic Abbey architecture. The project was given the green light to begin in February 2013 after a successful trial and the fittings were removed in batches over the following 12 weeks. All the fittings were back in the Abbey and fully working by April – the entire on-site process having been carried out without having to close the Abbey at any time and being completed on time and within budget. The finished product is a fine example of bringing 21st-century state-of-the-art technology to historically important heritage chandeliers. q

‹ THE ETON COLLEGE CHOIR stall conversion project came after

Madson Black successfully replicated other lanterns on the outside of the chapel. James Hall was asked to produce a design for the conversion of existing choir stall lights to accommodate LED units to replace inefficient strip lights. A sample fitting was successfully trialed and then all 55 units were removed when the college broke up for Easter and reinstated before they


Eton College returned back after the holidays. The programme was challenging but the works were successfully carried out and the newly refurbished and highly efficient original fittings were reinstated, bringing greatly enhanced lighting function to the very important choir stalls whilst retaining the original fittings. q

St George’s Chapel ‹ IN 2011/2012 JAMES worked with the surveyor of the fabric

at St. George’s Chapel, Windsor Castle to design and manufacture special lanterns to sit on the hugely historic and iconic west steps which can be seen annually when Her Majesty The Queen leads the annual Order of the Garter procession. The lanterns and their posts were developed over a number of years, going through various stages of approval from basic lighting trials through to timber mock up and the final cast brass fittings. With the steps being of enormous historical importance, the introduction of new lanterns to the balustrade needed consent from many bodies and therefore the design, the light source itself along with the physical installation all required detailed attention. Lamping was trialed at night and a lamp with high colour rendering and long life was selected. The mounting of the lanterns on the balustrade was meticulously planned with the diamond drilling through the balustrade being carried out by a specialist company using a rig to ensure the long suspension remained true. The light sources were housed in opaque storm shades to soften the light and produce a warm and inviting level of illumination across the steps. The lanterns were installed as part of the step relighting scheme and now appear as if they had always been there, whilst at night giving a subtle but safe level of lighting to the otherwise very dark west steps. In 2012 James and his company Madson Black manufactured additional lanterns for the award winning Canons Cloister scheme, also in the St. George’s Chapel complex. q

10 Murdock Road, Bicester, Oxon OX26 4PP

Phone: 0207 856 2085 Email:

w w w. m a d s o n b l a c k . c o m



Lighting up the heritage world ‹ DERNIER & HAMLYN IS an award winning designer and manufacturer of heritage lighting

and their fittings can be seen at cathedrals, palaces and other historic buildings around the world. Unlike many lighting companies, which only assemble products in the UK, all of Dernier & Hamlyn’s work is produced in its London factory by skilled craftsmen, where it is informed by the company’s extensive archive to ensure that historical accuracy is never sacrificed. Established in 1888, Dernier & Hamlyn continues to use their expertise and innovation to help an increasingly diverse range of heritage, commercial and residential clients overcome all sorts of lighting challenges. The company has produced a wide selection of lights for heritage and ecclesiastical buildings – from the smallest of churches to places of worship that are known throughout the world and from choir stall lights to chandeliers featuring hundreds of lamps weighing over a tonne. What the architects, designers and surveyors who work with them know is that they can rely on the company to deliver high quality lighting to meet their budgets and deadlines each and every time. Three examples of the company’s prestigious projects are featured in the case studies below. q Lighting at Quadrant 3, London


New is not always better

No compromise on integrity

‹ VISITORS TO St Martin-in-the-Fields,

in London’s Trafalgar Square, rarely miss the beautiful chandeliers which hang throughout the church. Dernier & Hamlyn originally produced these stunning light fittings and over the years has been involved in a number of projects to refurbish the landmark church’s lighting as well as producing new replicas as funding becomes available. By referring to its archive material dating back to the company’s 120 year old beginnings, it can ensure that refurbishment work is sympathetic and that any new light fittings are faithful copies. Dernier & Hamlyn’s joint managing director Jeremy Quantrill comments: “We are always


St Martin-in-the-Field, London very proud to be invited back to work on iconic buildings such as St Martin-in-the-Fields and to help heritage buildings retain their historic splendour whilst meeting the needs of modern worshippers and visitors.” q


World leading college assignment ‹ AS PART OF the £3 million renovation of Imperial College, Dernier & Hamlyn refurbished the art deco lighting in the world renowned college’s St Mary’s library, which is believed to have been installed when the college was opened in the early 20th century. The new library has been renamed the Fleming Library after Sir Alexander Fleming. Dernier & Hamlyn’s work included thorough, expert cleaning of the library’s historic lighting and replacement of various parts that had gone missing over the years. Dernier & Hamlyn also updated the light fittings by rewiring them to meet current regulations and incorporating QL induction

Choir stalls at at Oxford University’s Exeter College

‹ WHEN HERITAGE LIGHTING Fleming Library, Imperial College lamps which combine appropriate light levels with longevity to help the college meet its sustainability objectives. Dernier & Hamlyn joint managing director Jeremy Quantrill comments: “There are few companies in the UK that have the expertise to be able to take on a sensitive project of this type and I am very proud that Dernier & Hamlyn was selected for such a prestigious project.” q

specialist Dernier & Hamlyn was tasked to produce lighting for choir stalls at Oxford University’s Exeter College, that both look appropriate to their setting and provide better illumination, the London-based company relished the challenge. The end result was highly polished brass fittings that hold candles above, with LED lights housed in the underside of the fittings’ collars. This solution allows the choir stalls to retain the traditional ambience of candlelight with long lasting lights that are both sufficiently bright and cool to ensure the candles do not melt. q



New candle lamp brings savings for heritage sector – and helps the environment too! ‹ LEICESTER BASED HERITAGE LIGHTING has been working with

the National Trust and Historic Houses Association for the last 3 years developing and supplying a unique and patented candle lamp range for their conservation areas. This is now being rolled out to their conservation area locations nationally. The range, which started out with a small but essential group of candle lamps, has now been greatly extended to cover most internal lighting applications within the museum and heritage sectors. Said managing director Iain McIntosh: “As you can see this range offers the ideal solution for internal church, chapel and cathedral applications and together with our external lighting range offers the complete lighting range which can be colour matched to give the required ambience and lighting levels needed through each location.” To illustrate the benefits of this new range Heritage Lighting offer the 3W candle lamp as an example - it replaces a 25W conventional lamp. The technology now allows for the replacement of 15W, 25W, 40W and 60W conventional lamps bringing substantial cost and environmental benefits. There is also a wide ranging choice of options available to ensure clients get the right candle for every possible application. Said Iain McIntosh: “We have found that the standard payback period for these lamps in a heritage house location is between 8 and 14 months with a return on investment 15 times its price based on current electricity

THE RANGE • Mini Candles • Candles • Eggs (cross between candle & globe) • Globes (40mm – 120mm) • Pears • GLS • Picture Lamps • Par Lamps • Track Lighting Systems • Cabinet Illumination Sources

costs and the expected life of the lamp. In other words for every £10 spent it will save £150. “The sites that we have worked with so far have found that this is one of the easiest and quickest ways to reduce their energy usage and meet their demanding environmental targets. We are approved suppliers to most of the recognised heritage organisations and will work with them to help them achieve their local and national targets”. The company are currently running a promotion on all of the CS™ Lamp Range for the next 3 months. All you have to do is quote the following discount code: HER EAHW when you place any orders and we they will give you a 30% discount irrespective of the number of lamps you order. This will allow prospective clients to trial a small batch and then roll them out as they need to up until the 30th September 2013. Although this range was developed principally for museum and heritage locations it will also offer the required lighting levels for general households. With this is mind Heritage Lighting are also making this excellent offer available to any individuals who would like to use these lamps in their own homes. q • For more information on the full range of lighting solutions on offer you can visit the company’s web page at, send an e-mail to or call them on 01527 962961.

THE BENEFITS • At least 87.8% reduction in lighting energy • usage • Increased lifetime from 1,000hrs to 35,000hrs • No maintenance costs during this lifetime • A reduction of >72.1% damaging heat • production • The removal of harmful UV degradation on • paintings & fabrics • Immediate illumination & sensor compatible • Dimmer option available for further energy • savings • A huge reduction in the location’s carbon • footprint

CANDLE OPTIONS To ensure you get the right candle for your application we offer the following options: Cap fittings BC, SBC, ES, SES, MES & CES Dimming Available on all models if required Finish Clear, Matt & Milk glass Glass Style Standard or bent tip (flame effect) Colour 2,700 K Warm (Halogen equivalent) & 2,300 K Extra Warm White (Tungsten equivalent) Output 1.5W (15W) 3W (25W) 4W (40W) 5W (60W)

THE CLIENTS • National Trust • Historic House Association • English Heritage • Historic Royal Palaces • The Treasure Houses of England • Historic Scotland • National Trust for Scotland • Many Local Authorities • Independent Historic House & Estates • The Church of England • Mitchells & Butlers Group • Hotel, Restaurant & Leisure facilities


Heritage projects figure large in Roofing Awards ‹ ON 17 MAY THE eighth annual Roofing

Awards took place at the Hilton Metropole in central London. The event brought together over 600 guests from across the roofing industry to congratulate this year’s winners. The ceremony was hosted by BBC Breakfast presenter Susanna Reid. The awards were previously the NFRC Awards but are now a collaborative effort by nine trade associations. The winner in the Heritage category was Jordan Heritage Roofing for a Shippon and Calf Shed in Caernarfon. The project was described as the ‘restoration of a farm building using hand split slates and traditional practices’. The farm building had fallen into a derelict state and needed completely reroofing. During the process of recording the details, the original roof covering – dating from the 18th century – was discovered. It comprised random slates at least 12mm thick. New slates were split, dressed and fixed by Jordan’s. A number of awards in other categories were for projects in the heritage sector. The

Roof Slating category for Pitched Roofing was won by Marley Contract Services for Rainbow House in Glasgow, a listed Victorian Church of Scotland care home (this project is covered in detail below). Also in the Pitched Roofing section, the Roof Tiling category was won by AST Roofing (Bournemouth) Ltd for Toorak in Westbourne, another Victorian building that is now flats. It was re-roofed with hand-crafted clay plain tiles. All the tiles were hand cut to minimise inconvenience to the residents, as were many details including mitred hips. The exceptions were Winchester cuts. One of the largest single roof spans among the award winners was in the Metal Roofing section. It was the replacement of the Grade Two-listed roof coverings at London’s Victoria Station by Everlast Group. Each of the two main barrel vaulted roofs has a 40m span and is 100m long. Another landmark building to feature among the winning projects was the Madeira Lift on Brighton beach, which won the Fully Supported Metal Roofing award for Clarke Roofing Southern Ltd. It involved

the restoration and renewal of the roof and facade in hand-crafted copper. Each section was put together layer by layer and each tile individually fixed. The job took 16 weeks to complete. The event also saw the presentation of the Murdoch Award and Murdoch Sponsors Award by the Lead Contractors’ Association, both of which are presented by Associated Lead Mills. The Murdoch Award was won by Northwest Lead for their refurbishment work on the dome of the Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery. The Sponsors Award was won by Vince McKee for the lead roofed garden room and extended canopy to a Victorian ragstone house in Kent. The Lead Sheet Association presented its Young Leadworker of the Year award to Daniel Farmer of Ellis and Co. q

Marley Contract Services wins top award for Roof Slating ‹ OUTSTANDING WORKMANSHIP ON A Grade II listed

building has helped Scottish based Marley Contract Services scoop the UK’s top roofing industry award. The company won in the Roof Slating category for its work on Rainbow House in Glasgow. The Roofing Awards celebrate and recognise outstanding industry achievements - Marley Contract Services was singled out as the outright winner from a record number of building projects submitted by companies across the UK. Judges at the NFRC commended Marley Contract Services for its work on refurbishing and converting the five-storey listed building in the west end of Glasgow. Rainbow House was a complex project because the slating was completed at the same time as internal works were underway and therefore the building had to be kept watertight at all times. Rainbow House is a Care Home Facility run by the Church of Scotland in the Scotstoun area of Glasgow. The existing Westmoreland Green slates were carefully removed, checked for quality, dressed and then re-laid to retain the aesthetics of the original building. Only existing slates were used on the external elevations to maintain the original appearance of the roof, with matching new slates used elsewhere. “Congratulations to Marley Contract Services on winning the Roof Slating category against some stiff competition,” said Ray Horwood, NFRC Chief Executive. “Listed buildings always present their own specific challenges and in the case of Rainbow House there was added


Scott Horner (centre) and Stephen Forbes (right) receiving the NFRC award from BBC Breakfast presenter Susanna Reid complexity because the roofing team had to retain the weathertight seal on the building at all times.” Archie McPike, director at Marley Contract Services, said: “We are delighted that our work on this project was recognised in what is the UK’s leading industry award. Winning the award is a significant milestone in our 60-year history and recognises the skill, enthusiasm and commitment of the whole team.” q • For more information on Marley Contract Services call 0141 761 4321 or visit

Award finalists cap off a major restoration project ‹ THE LARGEST PROJECT TO feature among the finalists of the

Roofing Awards’ Heritage section was the complete re-roofing of Lowther Castle, near Penrith in Cumbria. Lowther Castle was completed in 1806 by the Lowther family, Earls of Lonsdale, on a site occupied by the family for over 800 years. Never a true castle in the sense of a fortified building, it was a stately home in the fashion of the time. The house remained in continuous occupation by the Lowther family until 1936, when it was vacated by the 5th Earl. Known as a sporting figure, he donated the original Lonsdale Belts for boxing and was involved in the founding of the Automobile Association. His passion for the colour yellow led to the epithet the ‘Yellow Earl’ and is reflected in the AA’s familiar livery. Following occupation by the army during World War II, the house and grounds were returned to the family in poor condition. In the 1950s the trend among owners of stately homes was to either open them to the public or demolish them for development. The former option was not open to the 7th Earl of Lonsdale. He removed the roof but left the façade as a monument, which is how it stayed until 2010, when it was leased to an independent charity, the Lowther Castle and Gardens Trust. In May 2011 work began on the replacement of the roof by Cumbria Roofing North West Ltd, the only company in the county on the NFRC’s National Heritage Roofing Contractor Register. Despite the theft of lead from the roof the project was completed successfully by Cumbria Roofing by the end of last year. The first job was to make the structure safe so the remaining slates could be removed. Then the joinery work could begin. The re-roofing began with the clock tower and moved around the castle’s ‘horseshoe’ structure, including 22 turrets. Following that, the famous sculpture gallery was completed. Finally, the rainwater goods were installed, having been repaired and restored at the company’s workshop in Whitehaven. Not only was it ‘job done’, but done to such a high standard it was shortlisted in the Heritage category of the 2013 Roofing Awards. q



VMZINC a long history Today zinc is often considered by architects as a way of giving the exterior of a building an exciting and modern look – and indeed it is. However VMZINC has a long history extending back to the beginning of the 19th century. Jonathan Lowy, product manager at VMZINC, explains where VMZINC has come from and where it stands today in the heritage roofing sector.


patent for zinc ore to be extracted from the Vielle Montagne mine and in 1837 the Vielle Montagne Company, now better known as VMZINC, was founded. The main purpose of the company was the production of zinc sheets which were destined for the roofs and gutters of many European city buildings. The redevelopment of Paris in the 1850’s by Baron Haussmann further accelerated the use of zinc sheets.

Rooftops of Paris

The Wallace Collection, London Liverpool Central Library

The development of VMZINC roofing was also taking place in the UK and in 1879 Liverpool Central Library was built and roofed with zinc. After 132 years of good service the zinc was replaced with a brand new VMZINC roof. Another historic building was also re-roofed early in the 21st century using VMZINC batten cap roofing system – the famous Lords Cricket Ground Pavilion. The combination of the aesthetic appeal of VMZINC, the 80 year durability confirmed by the BRE, low maintenance and competitive pricing make VMZINC an increasingly attractive choice for heritage roofing projects. A full range of gutters, downpipes and ornaments completes a broad range of products that can combine beautifully with other materials that are often used in the ecclesiastical and heritage world. q Lords Cricket Ground Pavilion



The earth’s not flat – but more and more roofs are!

‹ TO MOST PEOPLE THE idea of a heritage roofing project is the

replacement of lead or slate – sometimes pan tiles – on the steeply pitched roof of a historic building or ridges and valleys – or even a classical dome. With the passage of time, however, the term historic is being applied to more buildings from the 20th century, which are also being listed. Many are iconic housing or municipal buildings with characteristic flat roofs and more and more are in need of refurbishment. Among them are such buildings as Victoria Station in London (pictured). Although it was the main span that won the Roofing Award, the myriad of smaller, flat structures on the Kent side also required refurbishment. Many notable apartment blocks have similarly been restored, such as the Grade Two-listed Trellick Tower in Kensington. The principles of flat roof maintenance and restoration will be the subject of a seminar hosted by RICS Norfolk. Good Flat Roofing – Guidance for Roofing Refurbishment will be delivered by Langley Roofing Systems, one of the leading suppliers in the flat roofing sector. The presentation will go through the processes and key design considerations required to deliver ‘good flat roofing’ in the fields of built-up roofing, liquid roofing and polymer modified asphalt. It will also look at green roofs, which are being adopted by a growing number of churches. The talk will also include common roofing defects, design and safety considerations, high performance membranes, Part L Regulations, flatto-pitched systems and photovoltaic solutions. q • Full details, including booking information, are available at the RICS website at


From roof top to melting pot ‹ How does cutting edge technology from a ballistics research laboratory in

Sweden help the fight against metal theft from Britain’s heritage buildings? We asked Professor Bo Janzon, internationally renowned ballistics expert, to talk about a new deterrent. EHW: Professor, with your former role advising government on armaments and the terrorist risk, how did you come to be involved in this breakthrough in protecting British heritage from metal theft? Bo Janzon: It was during a Skype meeting within the Osprey Group a couple of years ago that four of us, including an expert in heritage materials, were discussing metal theft’s terrible effects on heritage and the inadequacy of existing systems. The heritage materials expert came up with the fundamental principles involved, and the other three of us quickly caught on to it. With my background in ballistics, I could immediately say: “Yes, that ought to work!” EHW: Inadequacy? Bo Janzon: Yes. Existing protection methods focus on deterring the petty criminals – surface engraving, marking and alarms, for example. These people risk injury, even death and imprisonment for just a few hundred pounds. The real villains are the few receivers and handlers of the stolen metals that sully the reputation of the industry. It's an industry where the majority are totally committed to the honest conduct of their ecologically very important role. EHW: I thought that cashless transactions are already meant to address that? Bo Janzon: They are a key – but for that to be effective there needs to be a means of identifying the big fish who stand to gain most from circumventing the law. You need to make handling the stolen metal much riskier for the rogue dealers. EHW: So what was your brief in developing the Trace-in-Metal system? Bo Janzon: UK heritage urgently needed a means of protecting its roofs. Despite recent drops, lead is still being stolen in unacceptable quantities causing millions of pounds worth of damage. Just recently, in the New Forest, lead

Coded microdot (0.5mm) recovered from a 300 ton melt theft from a church roof not only threatened the fabric of the building but also important artworks that were put at risk of water damage. The brief given to my research company, SECRAB, was to develop and adapt the idea of shooting markers into the metal into a practicable method of infusing a means of identifying the stolen lead. Of course, whatever we used needed to survive a melt and also be easily recoverable – so that it protects the metal from roof top to the melting pot. We did that in very close collaboration with the rest of the group and we all invested a lot of time and energy to build Trace-in-Metal, of which I am now the largest shareholder – more than enough reward! EHW: I understand that you chose hard metal microdots to achieve your aim. Bo Janzon: Yes. We needed an inert metal with a high melting point and a forensic tracing method that did not require a long, drawn out

process in laboratories to identify the lead’s source. What is simpler than the humble microdot? You can read the code right away with an inexpensive magnifier – one that the police regularly use for this sort of thing. And finding only one microdot will be enough! EHW: But how can you infuse these dots into the metal? Bo Janzon: Ah, this is where the clever bit comes in – and it was, technically, right down my alley, after forty years in ballistics. We believed that by firing a very carefully designed projectile, at a closely determined velocity, into the lead, we could create a fusion between it and the sheet. We modelled the highly dynamic penetration process using a sophisticated code called Autodyn™, which enabled us to optimise a carrier for the markers, achieving this fusion in all standard thicknesses of roofing lead sheet without penetration and at the same time leaving

PROFESSOR BO JANZON • Owner/CEO of the SECRAB Security Research Co., working with research and technology for security and defence • Director of Trace-in-Metal Ltd. UK, working with metal property marking • Since 2008 has been Professor of Ballistics at the Nanjing University of Science and Technology (P R) China • An associate editor of the Journal of Applied Mechanics (USA) • Fellow of the Royal Swedish Academy of War Sciences (KKrVA) • Founding Fellow and executive board member of the International Ballistics Society (IBS) • An acclaimed expert on explosives, terminal ballistics, wound ballistics and weapons effects, and has extensive experience • from bi- and multilateral international collaboration


Installation on the roof of Brockwood Park School

One of the 48 pellets designed to infuse more than three thousand microdots into a lead roof

a minimal trace on the surface. We also found a well proven and inexpensive, carbon dioxide propelled rifle as the basis of an applicator. We then knew that the project was feasible and went ahead with the process of applying for international patents and pulling in investment. EHW: Looking at the projectiles, they do not look like other air-rifle pellets. Bo Janzon: No, not quite, they are much lighter than a normal pellet. The rear part (at the bottom of the picture) is called a ‘sabot’, (it means ‘clog’ in French)1 and is made of low density plastic. It serves to accelerate the lead cup (at the top), which contains the micro-dots, to impact the sheet at high velocity. The sabot bounces off and will be recovered. EHW: So it sounds quite quick to install? Bo Janzon: Well, there are 12 pellets in each magazine and a total of forty-eight pellets in each kit. You can fire all of those in a few seconds if you so wish, so installation is pretty quick. We added an efficient safety device so you must press the muzzle of the applicator firmly against the roof to fire it, in order to preserve the installer from marking his own feet – or other people’s! EHW: So you can protect most roofs with one kit, and without risk? Bo Janzon: The client chooses how many sections require marking, depending on their accessibility and, of course, the risk of their being stolen. EHW: But what if the police or others need to identify the stolen metal before it is melted down?

Bo Janzon: We add a paint containing microdots that will become visible by using a standard ultra-violet lamp, and also write the local postcode in UV paint in many locations on the roof. Together with an awareness campaign, a secure database readily available to the police and deterrent signage, we deliver a comprehensive service rather than just a product. And if, despite these measures, the lead does get stolen, its owner can instantly provide the police with the certificate from the installation, which will hold up as evidence in any court of law! EHW: Where is this research taking you next? Bo Janzon: We are now working to develop a similar process to protect copper. Most churches and heritage buildings in Sweden have copper roofs2 and of course, like the UK, we have suffered a lot of disruption to our railway, electricity and communication systems through copper cables being stolen… but maybe more on that next time. EHW: Thank you, professor for your time and for talking to Ecclesiastical and Heritage World. q 1

Hence, ‘saboteurs’, since disgruntled French

textile workers used their footwear to destroy the newly invented and very efficient mechanical looms in the mid 18th century! 2

Actually Swedish churches also had lead roofs in

the 16th century, but as we were at war constantly during the next two centuries, the King paid poor parishes quite handsomely for their lead, to use it for cannon balls and bullets!


Protecting our heritage and what it means to me by John Minary, director of Trace-in-Metal

‹ METAL THEFT IS NOT something new – it was rife when I joined

the job in the 1970s. I served the communities of West Yorkshire for 32 years working in various roles in the police force but predominately in CID in Leeds. You always remember your first arrest, and mine was a petty thief who was ripping copper pipes out of the derelict Quarry Hill flats and weighing them in for a few quid at a scrap yard round the corner. We had a good relationship with the dealer, he was a good source of information and a provider of early morning cups of tea, and he kept decent records. The thief was convicted and had ten offences taken into consideration. Times have certainly changed: we have ministers telling the police that they have to be nice to people; the scale of the problem has grown. My last role was building crime reduction partnerships and metal theft has become such a major threat to infrastructure that government is involved, making chief constables get a grip of the problem. I left a force struggling against rising levels of metal theft and dwindling resources. The impact crime has on communities has always been paramount to me and often this impact is overlooked, especially when there are targets to reach. One crime – lead roof, Clifton Park Museum, Rotherham (value £75,000); another – Barbara Hepworth, Two FormsCircle Divided (value £500,000); a third – Henry Moore, Reclining Figure (value £2,500,000)1. Three crimes, nobody died, ‘Get on with it!’ No, it’s not right. What is being missed is the big stick to beat the recyclers. They have

an important ecological job to do and we would be in a right mess without them. They are under pressure, because they are perceived as the economic driver behind the thefts, and it is hard to argue against that. However, I do believe that scrap dealers do not want to buy stolen metals. The sanctions for getting caught are costly. There is a difficulty: how do they know it’s stolen? It is their job to recycle metal after all. Our approach with Trace-in-Metal is to work alongside the recycling industry, equipping them with the tools they need to detect microdots, which will survive shredding and smelting. It allows them to close the gates on the thieves knowing that if they buy Trace-in-Metal marked metal, they are going to have difficulty selling it on or they will have to get rid of the markers, which is virtually impossible. Chances are they will get caught. Rightly, legislation is changing to strengthen licensing and record keeping within the recycling industry. Trace-in-Metal works in parallel with that legislation by providing the industry with the means of identifying, without doubt, metals that have been stolen. Importantly, this will remove the market for stolen metals, will help keep lead on roofs and art available to be enjoyed by all. q • For further information contact John Minary at 1

There is still a £100,000 reward for information leading to its recovery. Ring

crimestoppers on 0800 555 111.

Roof repairs to start following theft ‹ WORK IS DUE TO start to replace the

roof on a historic Northamptonshire church, nearly a year after thieves stripped the lead from the existing roof.


The Church of the Holy Cross in Milton Malsor, which dates from the 12th century, has raised around £17,500 to fund the work – although the final bill is likely to be nearer

£30,000. Its insurance policy only covered the first £5,000 and only one claim can be made in a 12-month period. Unfortunately, in order to deter future thefts, the lead is being replaced by ternecoated stainless steel. Church warden Peter Heffron told the local press: “I’m delighted to say we have had the best part of £11,000 given to us, not only from the community, but also the Northamptonshire Historic Churches Trust. What is also really nice is we have not only had people come to us from the village, but from all over the benefice. “People have clubbed together to get the right result. The support locally, across the benefice and further afield, has been fantastic.” He added that, far from putting people off coming to church, average weekly attendances have grown since the theft. There were also record attendances over Remembrance and Christmas last year. Once the roof has been repaired, work can begin on redecorating the inside which has been damaged by water ingress since the theft. q

Proactive approach increases your chances of grant success ‹ ABOUT ACCESS IS A leader in the field of assessing and advising

on making provision for disabled people in the built environment. The company’s reputation is such that managing director Ian Streets represents the Access Association on BSI Standards, an appointment which reflects the quality of insight and information provided to clients. The key to the company’s approach is the recognition that access is not just about physical barriers but has more to do with procedures and policies. According to Ian Streets: “It is a mind-set that has driven the successful completion of projects with such major employers as Virgin Atlantic and Virgin Holidays, with the historic properties under the stewardship of English Heritage, and with any number of other public and private buildings throughout the UK.” Ian continued “In the corporate world the message from About Access is that the capacity to welcome visitors and customers of all abilities is vital and will help clients build business. And because other organisations have to take a business-like approach to everything they do, it is a message which applies across the board. “The Heritage Lottery Fund makes it clear that disability is not always easy to identify, and that the development of facilities should anticipate the possible requirements of disabled visitors. That kind of proactive approach can make a significant difference between the success and failure of a bid to the HLF. We can make sure you get it right first time, because you might not get a second chance.” q


Inspect and Protect with


corporate sector but many churches and heritage buildings are unaware of the need for specialist lightning protection. With over 300,000 lightning strikes in the UK each year, your building could be at risk of extensive damage and a large repair bill if there is not an adequate inspection and maintenance programme in place.

What is lightning protection? A lightning protection system is used to divert the lightning’s current away from a building, straight to the earth, thereby protecting the building from full-scale damage and ensuring the continued functioning of equipment and the safety of the people inside. Heritage and ecclesiastical buildings can benefit significantly from the services of experienced lightning protection professionals in reducing the damage which would occur to a building if it were hit by a lightning strike. This is particularly important for heritage buildings where the cost of repairing or re-building could be significantly increased by the types of repairs which would need to take place. The myth that ‘lightning never strikes twice’ will not provide heritage buildings with the protection they need, as many buildings are struck by lightning on numerous occasions during their lifetime. For many heritage and ecclesiastical buildings, the cost of having no protection in place in the event of a lightning strike will far outstrip the cost of installing a system in the first place which provides for the A lightning protection system can protect a building from full-scale damage


by SARAH GARRY, Trade Association Manager, ATLAS long-term safety and security of the building.

Choosing a lightning protection professional to test your system An alarming trend is emerging with facilities management companies providing limited training to their own employees and then using them to test the lightning protection systems on the buildings that they manage. This is a high risk strategy as these employees will often have limited experience of testing procedures and no practical knowledge on the design and installation aspects of the system. The consequences of inadequate lightning protection can be serious and only qualified Specialist Contractors have the knowledge and skills to test and inspect the system properly and prepare an accurate report identifying any non-compliance issues. To ensure you secure the services of an experienced Specialist Contractor such as those within membership of the Association of Technical Lightning and Access Specialists (ATLAS), you should use the following checklist: 3 ATLAS logo ATLAS is the recognised trade association for lightning protection professionals and has strict criteria for membership covering financial stability, health and safety, insurances, technical standards and training. Look for the ATLAS logo, which is a badge of quality demonstrating the skills and experience of the Specialist Contractor. 3 Qualifications Check that the employees of your proposed Specialist Contractor have formal lightning protection qualifications, such as NVQ Level 2 for Lightning Conductor Engineers. A Specialist Contractor should also regularly update their employees’ knowledge through training and development. 3 Current Standards Any new system which your Specialist Contractor installs should conform to BS EN 62305, the recognised British Standard for the design, installation and testing of lightning protection systems, with component parts complying with BS EN 50164. Your Specialist Contractor should demonstrate a thorough understanding of the Standards and have received training and gained an accreditation in its implementation.

3 Reputation Look for Specialist Contractors with an established track record within the industry. Don’t be afraid to ask for references from previous clients and follow these up directly to check the credentials of your proposed Specialist Contractor. 3 A full design, installation and maintenance package Experienced Specialist Contractors will be able to discuss the various options available to you and the on-going costs relating to maintenance. They should provide you with a comprehensive outline of the work which will take place at your site, including continuity testing to ensure the system is electrically sound, earth resistance testing using the appropriate method for the design of the system, and the identification of surge protection requirements and solutions. The Specialist Contractor should state the compliance of the system on their certification – if it states ‘tested in line with’, you may not be receiving the full technical reporting required. 3 Maintenance Experienced Specialist Contractors will set a regular inspection and maintenance cycle to ensure the continued safety of the building Lightning protection for all types of buildings

in changing conditions. Look for a Specialist Contractor who recommends an 11-monthly test cycle and provides on-going advice and support.

ATLAS By using an ATLAS member, you can be confident that you are working with a competent and reputable Specialist Contractor who has access to up to date information and support from a well-established trade association. All members of ATLAS also belong to the Steeplejack and Lightning Protection Training Group (SLPTG). Both ATLAS and the SLPTG are committed to raising standards within the industry and have recently developed the new NVQ Level 3 Inspect All members of ATLAS also belong and Test. The qualification, to the Steeplejack and Lightning Protection Training Group (SLPTG) which will be available later this year, will provide clients with an additional measure to check the skills and experience of their Specialist Contractor. q •ATLAS has over 40 experienced lightning protection companies based throughout the UK and Ireland, who will ensure the most appropriate and cost effective lightning protection solution to inspect and protect your building. Visit find-a-member.asp. Images courtesy of BEST Services Ltd



NAMM helps masons and burial authorities to work better together

ERECTING A LASTING MEMORIAL is the final service we can perform for a loved one when they have deceased and we put a great deal of care into choosing the right one. However, the same attention to detail needs to be given to the placing and erection of the memorial. Indeed, burial authorities have a duty of care to all those using the site and in particular the qualification and competence of those working there. For that reason, and for the peace of mind of the family, it is essential that the company chosen to supply and erect the memorial are suitably accredited. The best way to ensure that competence is to insist that the company chosen is a member of the National Association of Memorial Masons (NAMM), the only trade body specifically for the suppliers and fixers of memorials. By promoting competency and relevant qualifications in both the technical skills and health and safety in the industry, NAMM ensures that both burial authorities and the public can have confidence in its members. That, in turn, increases the profile of NAMM members in the community. For masons that is just one of a range of benefits of NAMM membership. NAMM’s unique Code of Working Practice continues to be the nationally acknowledged

‘industry standard’ for the manufacture and installation of memorials and forms an integral part of most, if not all, cemetery regulations. NAMM is currently actively promoting the benefits of its members to burial authorities – both religious and secular – in order to raise the profile of its members to those commissioning memorials. Indeed, many authorities now insist that masons working on their premises are members of a recognised certification scheme, such as the Register of Qualified Memorial Fixers (RQMF) which was set up by NAMM in 2009, although it is independent of the association and open to any suitably qualified business or individual. The RQMF has quickly become the nation’s leading reference register for burial authorities and the public at large. Of specific benefit to burial authorities is NAMM’s City & Guilds NPTC-approved training course on Safety Inspection and Assessment of Memorials in Burial Grounds. The award is facilitated through the NAMM City and Guilds Test Centre. The ID cards are issued by City and Guilds and are for life. According to the association: “Burial authorities often are challenged when carrying out memorial testing to show proof that those carrying out the inspections are properly trained and qualified. This award offers just such proof,

giving the public more confidence when a testing programme is initiated and giving burial authorities a satisfactory means of ensuring appropriate safety standards.” NAMM contends that close co-operation between burial authorities and memorial masons can only lead to a far better service for the bereaved. For this reason in 1996 it offered burial authorities the chance to become corporate associate members of the association. NAMM is an active member of the Memorial Awareness Board (MAB) and the Council of British Funeral Services (CBFS). It also works very closely with the ICCM, FBCA, NAFD and other trade associations for the benefit of its membership and the bereaved. NAMM uniquely represents the memorial masonry trade on the review committee for BS 8415 and similarly represents the industry on the Ministry of Justice’s Burial and Cremation Advisory Group (BCAG). It officially advises the Ministry of Defence on all matters relating to memorialisation. q • For more information on NAMM corporate associate membership or any of its training courses contact NAMM Head Office at 1 Castle Mews, Rugby CV21 2XL. Tel 01788 542264, email or visit www.


Restoring the north east to its former glory needs teamwork ‚ ONE OF THE MOST accomplished

restoration specialists in the north east of England is Team Force Restoration. With a team of experienced and qualified craftsmen in a number of highly specialised fields, Team Force are qualified to provide all the expertise necessary to carry out highly successful building restoration and maintenance work. With literally hundreds of projects for many clients under their belts, there is virtually no part of historic Northumberland that has not benefited from their expertise. Recent restoration projects include the Cathedral Church of St Mary in Newcastle, Wray Castle, Fatfield Hall and Wallington Hall. Other notable achievements include work at Seaton Delaval Hall, for which the company was highly commended in the Constructing Excellence North East Awards 2012 and recognised by the English Heritage Angel Awards. The company also won the Heritage category in the 2011 Constructing Excellence North East Awards for the restoration of Lindisfarne Priory. Islands are a bit of a speciality for Team Force. This year they acted as main contractor


on the project to restore the Benedictine monastic cell on Coquet Island off the north east coast. The island is now a bird sanctuary and closed to the public, but the ancient buildings were identified as at risk. The restoration included the repair of windows by specialist window repairers.

Other specialist crafts on offer include stone restoration, timber repair and leadwork. The company particularly prides itself on its health and safety record, which is 100%. q • For further information visit

Specialist in sash windows can restore or replace with a perfect replica ‹ ONE OF THE established craftspeople appointed by Team Force for a number of its projects

is sash window restoration specialist David Humble. Based in Morpeth, in the south east corner of Northumberland, David and his team offer a complete renovation service for traditional sash windows which leaves them looking and performing like new. Once renovated the windows benefit from a perimeter sealing system and the ability to remove the sashes quickly and easily so they can be maintained without the need of a ladder. Says David: “Our method of renovation leaves the old windows not just looking like new – but with a performance to last! The perimeter sealing system is installed into the original window. This allows the original appearance to be maintained whilst virtually eliminating draughts, dust ingress and rattles and allowing the sashes to slide efficiently.” As part of the sash window renovation and draught-proof procedure, all damaged or broken glass is replaced with either new or recycled antique glass. Old staff beads and parting beads are removed and replaced with new, while top and bottom sashes are removed and deglazed for repair work to be carried out. The sashes are then eased, adjusted, primed, reglazed and balanced. The pulleys are also serviced or replaced and new sash lifts, centre catch and further hardware is fitted as required. Where new units are required, David supplies and fits the revolutionary Slimlite self-cleaning double-glazed sash window, which from any distance looks like single glazing. According to the manufacturers: “By using and maximising the latest technology it is possible to construct a double glazed unit with very small cavities or space between the glasses, with a 5mm perimeter seal depth and inert gas cavity to obtain U-Values to comply with Building Regulations and comparable or better than U-Values obtained by standard units with much wider cavities.” The system caught the eye of Kevin McCloud of TV’s Grand Designs. Kevin wrote in an article for the programme’s magazine: “So you would think that conservation officers across the land would rejoice at the news that it is now possible, after decades of research, to replace a cracked single pane of glass with a highly efficient panel of super-micro double glazing. A panel so finely detailed and slim (at 10 or 12mm thick) that it can be puttied into a Victorian sash or a finely carved Georgian lamb’s-tongue glazing bar and not be noticed.” Where the refurbishment of a window requires timber repairs, David turns to a product specially developed for renovation projects. The Timbabuild epoxy wood repair system was developed in 1998 for a large-scale repair and restoration project at Leeds City Council. It has since been used in many such projects, including a major renovation at the University of York. David and his team used both the Slimlite sash window (pictured) and the Timbabuild wood repair system on Team Force's restoration project at Coquet Island. Although David Humble’s expertise lies in the renovation of sash windows in heritage properties, he also undertakes work on both domestic and commercial properties. From their base the team are ideally suited to service properties in Northumberland, Newcastle, Sunderland and County Durham. They offer a free, no obligation survey of the work required and each window is examined in detail to assess its condition so that an accurate quotation can be made on a window by window basis. q

Sash removal at Summerhill Square, Co. Durham

• For further information vist



Heritage group records and celebrates the best of old boilers ‹ FOR FOUR DECADES A group of heating and ventilation engineers

have been quietly and busily recording and working to have preserved some of the iconic heating boilers, radiators and ventilation systems that accompanied the childhood of many people. It is the Heritage Group of the Chartered Institution of Building Services Engineers, which celebrates its 40th anniversary this year. It is the longest established special interest group in the institution. The group was formed in 1973 as the Archaeology of Building Services

Guidance helps churches choose their heating

Working Party of the then Institute of Heating and Ventilation Engineers. Its aim was to ‘conserve, preserve and record the history of the building engineering services industry’. The timing was significant. The 1970s were a time of massive change in building technology and methods. According to the history of the group: “The…1950s to 1980s became the engineering dark ages, when it became apparent that a large number of H&V systems with their equipment from the earliest days of the industry were being removed and destroyed, without any attempt being made to either record or preserve it.” That year also saw the 75th anniversary of the formation of the IHVE. One of the highlights in the history of the group came last year when, in preparation for its 40th anniversary, it mounted a display of its activities at the Presidential Dinner held at the Royal Society. R

‹ IN MAY THE CHURCH of England’s Church Care organisation

published a new guidance note Choosing the Right Heating System to help churches make the most appropriate decision when looking at new systems. The publication follows a conference held in December last year. Heating Without the Hot Air addressed the issues of providing the higher levels of comfort required by today’s congregations while following the church’s need to ‘shrink the footprint’. The resultant document is available to download from the Church Care website. It begins by outlining the principles involved in providing heat in a church – not least, what it is you want to heat and why. The document then provides a series of steps to be gone through in the decision-making process and provides tabular resources for assessing the costs. Finally, there is a comprehensive list of further reading. The Dean of Manchester has pointed out that levels of heat are important for worshippers and visitors. However, it is equally important to bear in mind that heating has a bearing on the fabric of a church and care must be taken to install a system that is in tune with that fabric. R



Modern art proves to be a success ‹ THE EXHIBITION OF modern art in ecclesiastical or other historic

locations has proved to be a successful way of increasing visitor numbers – and the subject matter can often elicit interesting responses from those visitors. The exhibition of David Mach’s challenging work Die Harder in Southwark Cathedral last year was a good example. Installed by Artful Logistics Ltd, the work created enormous interest. The Dean of Southwark, Andrew Nunn said: “Die Harder is a dramatic sculpture by David Mach RA which will bring home to people the human agony of the Crucifixion. We are pleased that the work will be in Southwark Cathedral and will act as a focus for our keeping of Lent and Passiontide. Work of this quality and character will produce intense responses which will help in our mission and engagement with the truth of the Gospel in joy and in agony.” The work had previously been exhibited in the nave at Gloucester ‘Golgotha’ is part of the Precious Light Exhibition

David Mach’s ‘Die Harder’ in Southwark Cathedral Cathedral where it also generated significant interest. The sculpture is made from 1000’s of individual steel coathangers, shaped and welded together to form the figure, which is mounted on a mild steel crucifix. David Mach has used a similar technique to create coathanger animals such as a gorilla, bear, tiger and recently a giant 4m rampant stallion. Mach has created a larger similar work, Golgotha, as part of the Precious Light Exhibition, which the Artful Logistics team have taken to Edinburgh and the Galway Arts Festival. Discussions are currently underway to site these works in another major cathedral location. Artful Logistics have worked closely with other artists to install modern sculpture works in other sensitive locations – water sculptures for William Pye in Gloucester Cathedral; retrospective exhibitions for Stephen Cox, Michael Sandle and Allen Jones in Ludlow Castle; light sculptures by Martin Griffiths in Lincoln Cathedral; bronze sculptures by Bruce Denny in St Pauls Cathedral, to name but a few. q

Examples of work by Allen Jones (left) and Michael Sandle (top right) in Ludlow Castle; and the Artful Logistics team installing water sculptures for William Pye in Gloucester Cathedral (above right)


BM TRADA gets medieval at Warwick Castle ‹ BM TRADA IS PROVING that no job

is too big – or too historic – with its annual safety inspection of the world’s largest wooden trebuchet. Based on drawings from the 13th century, the timber trebuchet at historic Warwick Castle stands 18 metres high and weighs a massive 22 tonnes. Positioned in a stunning riverside location below the south front of the castle, the trebuchet propels projectiles 25 metres into the air and sends them hurtling up to 300 metres. The design for the castle’s machine comes from Dr Peter Vemming from The Mediaeval Centre in Nykobing, Denmark. Dr Vemming completed his first construction of the medieval trebuchet in 1989, following extensive research and preparation. Notes and drawings from the 13th century were used as the starting point for the reconstruction and were often referred to during the long process of developing the working replica of this powerful and accurate machine. Under Dr Vemming’s guidance and using his designs and experience the Warwick Castle trebuchet was constructed at a carpentry firm in Wiltshire – Carpenter Oak and Woodland Ltd. The trebuchet is made primarily of oak but with the long throwing arm made of the more flexible


ash, which is less prone to splitting under bending and shock loads. Every year the trebuchet, which comprises more than 300 parts held together with metal fixings, is inspected by experts from BM TRADA to ensure that it meets health and safety regulations. “We examine the condition of the structure and make sure it is in good working order,” says BM TRADA consultant Nick Clifford. “Essentially we are monitoring for fungal decay and we advise when replacement pieces are needed.” The trebuchet has a 12m sling arm made in two pieces and recently BM TRADA advised that one of these needed to be replaced. “We access the high level parts of the trebuchet on a cherry picker and carry out decay detection drilling to discover decay pockets which could weaken the structure and cause it to be potentially dangerous,” explains Mr Clifford. There’s no doubt that the trebuchet has captured the public’s imagination and BM TRADA’s role in keeping it working safely is a vital part of its success. “We first started working with BM TRADA in 2005,” said Paul Ormsby, health and safety manager at Warwick Castle. “Finding the right company to carry out the requisite safety checks on the world’s biggest trebuchet was not easy

– but BM TRADA was definitely the right partner. “We were initially impressed by the company’s knowledge of timber and subsequently the diligence and expertise that BM TRADA’s consultants bring to the job have helped us maintain a perfect safety record for the Warwick trebuchet. We certainly hope to continue the partnership in years to come.” Even Nick Clifford admits it’s a pretty special job to be involved with. “The process itself is not unusual but the fact that we are working with the world’s largest trebuchet certainly adds to the excitement. We all like to go and do the work because it’s not every day you deal with a structure of this type,” he said. q • For more information visit

































































Ecclesiastical & Heritage World Summer 2013  

Ecclesiastical & Heritage World

Read more
Read more
Similar to
Popular now
Just for you