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What you need to know: Marijuana use in Washington State The facts about legal marijuana in Washington:
Only adults 21 and older can purchase and possess marijuana. Marijuana can only be sold and purchased at state-licensed retail stores. A valid photo ID is required and no one under age 21 is allowed on the retail premises. Many retail marijuana stores only accept cash Adults 21 and over can purchase up to one ounce of useable marijuana (the harvested flowers or bud) 16 ounces of marijuana-infused edibles in solid form, 72 ounces in liquid form, and seven grams of marijuana concentrates. Price will vary according to the quality and availability. Some strains are considered better than others. Most stores aim at $10$12 per gram, although that price can go as high as $25. There are 28 grams in one ounce, the amount that can be legally purchased at one time. Typically, that amount can cost $300 and up. It remains a felony for anyone but a licensed retailer to sell or provide marijuana to anyone else. Providing or selling marijuana to a minor under the age of 18 is subject to 10 years in prison and a $10,000 fine. It remains illegal to consume marijuana in public view. It is illegal to drive under the influence of marijuana, and doing so may result in significant legal penalties. Taking marijuana outside the state of Washington may result in significant legal penalties. As with tobacco, smoking marijuana in any indoor location is subject to the restrictions in the Washington Smoking in Public Places law. The law prohibits smoking in public places or places of employment, and within 25 feet of entrances, exits, open windows and ventilation intakes. If the establishment permits it and you are either vaporizing or strain in a room where smoking is allowed, it is legal to consume marijuana in a private hotel room. According to the U.S. Coast Guard, if you are in navigable waters, they will enforce federal law. Possession of marijuana is still illegal federally. This is also true at national parks. And it is never OK to operate a boat while impaired by marijuana or any other drug. The law against marijuana use in public view applies to state parks, public hiking trails, and ski resorts. Source: Washington State Liquor Control Board.
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Types of marijuana: What effect do you want? BY LESLIE KELLY | firstname.lastname@example.org
Any seasoned smoker knows there are three distinct types of marijuana: sativa, indica and hybrid. The plants of cannabis indica and cannabis sativa have been around since the 18th century with cannabis Hybrid being relatively new. Hybrid indicates the mixing of seeds from different geographic locations around the world.
The effects of each vary.
INDICA: The Indica strain is a more relaxing effect with the tendency of making you want to hang out on the couch. The origin is believed to come from the Hindu “Kush” region close to Afghanistan. Anyone who knows anything about marijuana knows that Kush is really strong weed. In this area of Afghanistan, the strain developed thick coats of resin as a mean of protecting themselves due to the harsh climate. Characteristics of indica include flowering time, yields, geography of where seeds came from and various flavors. Some of the epic names given to top flavors include Purple Haze, Granddaddy Purple and Northern Lights. Try these suggested Indicas: • Wappa: a very high potency strain, often sells out and it can be several months before it’s in the shops again. Cost: $59 for 3.5 grams. • Blueberry, Training Day, Bianca are known to be great for smokers who have problems getting a good night’s sleep. Training Day is a product that will give you a relaxed feeling, but won’t put you to sleep. Cost: $11 to $14 per gram. • Beast Mode: a Northwest specialty that’s super popular mostly because of its name. Sells for $13 a gram. • Blackberry Bubba: Has a high Kush factor and has a nice flavor. Continued on Page 8
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The brand name strains from Clandestine Gardens sell out quickly. Cost: $13 a gram.
SATIVAS: The sativas strain alternatively has energizing effects which is why they’re often used in the morning or afternoon. This strain of marijuana is used primarily for depression and exhaustion. Its morphology is a growth of up to 20 feet high, it is narrow with loose branches. The effects of sativa are said to be uplifting and allow you to be creative. Medicinally, it can treat ADD and mood disorders. Some of the more popular flavors under the sativa strain include Sour Diesel, Jack Herer and Lemon Haze. Suggested varieties are: • Acapulco Gold: an older strain that is generated from Columbian Gold and grown in Mexico. It is popular because it is much like the original Columbian product. Sells for $55 for 3.5 grams. • Gorilla Glue, Dutch Treat and Cinex: This group of three are widely known to most pot smokers. They give a reputable high and consumers know they’re getting something they can count on. These sell for $11 to $14 per gram. • Head Cheese: A great smoke from a dense weed with a high percentage THC. Cost: $18 per gram.
HYBRID: There are many variables for the two ancient strains which is where Hybrid comes in. The seeds of many geographical areas are cross germinated to balance marijuana with both strains. This offers the marijuana user a balance between the two so you get the best of both worlds. In a recent survey of several Pacific Northwest retail marijuana stores, here’s the more popular of each of the three categories by brand name. Hybrid suggestions are: • Gelato: comes from a very Kush flower, and slightly leans toward being an indica. The smell is “strong and will stink up the whole room when you open it.” Sells for $40 for 3.5 grams. • Dutch Treat or Allen Wrench: Gives the smoker a high that doesn’t make them anxiety-ridden but doesn’t “knock your ass to the couch.” Sells for $11 to $14 per gram. Dutch Treat got rave reviews from more than one retailer. A close cousin, Dutch Berry, which is a sativa-dominant hybrid with a raspberry-like flavor is considered to be a strong, “but the raspberry flavor brings it down.” Cost: $15 per gram. Participating retailers who offered suggestions: Paper & Leaf on Bainbridge Island, Ganja Goddess in downtown Seattle, Sweet Leaf in Aberdeen, High Society in Bellingham and Filabong in Silverdale.
10 The Northwest Chronicle
Diego Pellicer brings luxury to the cannabis world BY LESLIE KELLY | firstname.lastname@example.org
It’s been called the “Nordstrom’s” of cannabis. But owner Alejandro Canto prefers calling his retail cannabis store the “Starbucks” of cannabis. “We want to do for cannabis, what Starbucks did for coffee,” said Canto. “We want to provide the best environment for cannabis shopping and have everybody know our name and relate it to quality. We want that, and eventually we want to be in every state.” That, however, will take changes in other states’ laws and changes in federal law. So for now, Diego Pellicer is focusing on stores in Seattle and in Colorado, with plans to expand to Nevada and California and other states where recreational marijuana becomes legal. Their Seattle location opened last October and is seeing new faces every day, Canto said. To understand the operations, you have to know that Diego Pellicer World Wide is the “landlord” to the shops which each have their own owner who holds the license to sell cannabis. Diego Pellicer World Wide is a real estate company that is traded on the New York Stock Exchange, and owns the building where the Seattle retail store is located. Canto owns the retail license and leases the building from the real estate company. “Eventually, when federal and state laws allow it, we want to merge everyone into one company and be the first cannabis company traded on the stock market,” Canto said. But he knows that may be years off. He clearly understands how complex the recreational marijuana world is, when it comes to regulations. “It took us three years to get this store open,” he said. “We received
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our license to sell cannabis in the first Washington state lottery. But unlike some other businesses, you can’t open until you find a retail location that fits the zoning regulations and passes all inspections, including those by the Department of Revenue and the liquor and cannabis board, which can take time. We were given a box to play in and we have to play in it.” Diego Pellicer World Wide found the Seattle location and began “building out” the exterior and interior of the building. The goal was to create a luxury feel where customers could take time to browse without feeling pressured to make a choice until they were ready. “Many places where you go, you stand at a counter and the person behind the counter says ‘What do you want?’” he said. “You know people are in line behind you and you feel you have to hurry. It’s not like that here.” The interior takes on a Spanish architectural design as a way of paying “homage” to its namesake, Diego Pellicer. It has marble columns and a statue of the “Green” Goddess greets customers at the door, along with an employee who will escort you around if you want, or you are free to wander as you want. There’s glass showcases filled with product all around the room and in the center where sits the $3,600 marijuana cigar, that has 21 grams of flower and 7 grams of concentrate hash oil. Diego Pellicer carries only high-quality cannabis buds, joints, edibles, concentrates, oil, and the like, which have all been explored by Canto himself. “When we were waiting on everything to go through so we could open, I had plenty of time to go to the locations of the cannabis we carry,” he said. “We observed how it was grown and produced to ensure that it meets our standards. We made sure that what we stock has no chemicals or pesticides. What we sell here is clean and healthy.” Among those name brands are Gold Leaf, which has its own ecosystem, he said. “If they have problems with spider mites, they don’t use chemicals. They introduce lady bugs that will eat the spider mites. Everything is very natural.” Seattle Private Reserve is another brand the store carries. Its latest flavored pot is lemonder, a mixture of lemon and lavender weed. Continued on Page 19
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16 The Northwest Chronicle
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Dawg Star Cannabis is the brand that the store stocks that tells you on its label in big letters what affect the product will have on you with names like Mind, Body or Mood. A complete line of pipes, bongs, vapes, are also available, even a pot-infused coffee container for use in your Keurig. Customers have told Canto and his 25 employees that they like the store and feel its a safe, warm and inviting place to shop. While it caters to the high-end clientele, any one is welcome, and there’s product at every price point. Canto, who is originally from Florida, moved 4,000 miles away from home to Washington once he knew recreational cannabis was going to be legal. He has a business background in the healthcare field and operates companies in Florida that staff clinics with physical therapists, occupational therapists and anesthesiologists. With his cannabis store in Seattle, he wants to set the standards for how other Diego Pellicer stores should operate. “We follow all the regulations as they are set,” he said. “We don’t look for loopholes that might make things easier. We play by all the rules.” But, that doesn’t mean he doesn’t have dreams of what could be. “When it is allowed, we want to have a lounge with a cafe and we have room for that,” he said. “And we’d like to add a shop with high end clothing. I can see it being something that will have classy wooden booths with lots of glass, to look like a yacht club.”
Just who was Diego Pellicer? Diego Pellicer had many great passions in his life—adventure, exploration, politics, romance—and most notably, Cebu, a cluster of bountiful tropical islands in the Philippine archipelago. Even though he arrived on orders of the Spanish Government, the people of Cebu welcomed him as a business and political leader. Where others seeded their claims in the spice trade, most notably sugar, Pellicer banked his fortunes on fields of hemp. In the years leading up to the Spanish-American War in 1898, a sugar crisis bankrupted many on the island while Pellicer emerged as the largest hemp producer in the world. Pellicer’s hemp spun into unbreakable lines for the Spanish Armada, durable clothing, oils, waxes and even building materials. Pellicer was appointed colonial vice governor of the island and proudly served his countrymen before dying valiantly in the field of battle. Generations later, his great-grandson co-founded Diego Pellicer, now the world’s number one premium marijuana brand. The Spanish architectural design signature of every Diego Pellicer store pays homage to the original Pellicer and his years in Cebu as the world leader in the production of cannabis.
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22 The Northwest Chronicle
More states approve marijuana for recreational use But what will a Trump Administration do?
o t e r s around Nevada Washington the U.S. Delaware Maryland cast balArkansas lots this past NoRhode Island Vermont vember for a diverse Pennsylvania New Mexico range of initiatives Montana Massachusetts that seek to reform Ohio New York laws on marijuana. Arizona New Jersey California voters Oregon Minnesota approved recreationConnecticut North Dakota al marijuana, a huge Michigan Maine victory in the fight Illinois for cannabis legalizaNew Hampshire tion, and paving the Louisiana Florida California way for the largest commercial pot market in the U.S. Massachusetts also voted for recreational pot, extending legal weed from coast to coast. Nevada became the third state to approve a recreational cannabis law, making the west an even stronger region for marijuana sales. Florida voters passed a constitutional amendment to legalize medical marijuana, the first victory in a string of high-profile cannabis measures on state ballots. North Dakota was the second state to approve medical weed with the approval of Measure No. 5, which approves the use of marijuana to treat a number of diseases, including cancer, AIDS, epilepsy and hepatitis C. Arkansas also passed a medical cannabis measure that allows patients with specific conditions to buy medicine from dispensaries licensed by the government. Arizona voted against its marijuana measure defeating Proposition 205. The measure would have legalized recreational pot. Montana residents voted to expand the stateâ€™s medical marijuana system with the passage of Initiative 182, which removes limits on the number of patients providers can serve. Proponents of the measure argued that the existing restrictions blocked patients from accessing care.
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A recreational measure in Maine passed by a narrow margin of 51 percent. Advocates and opponents agree that California’s Proposition 64 is the most important cannabis measure America has seen and could be an international game-changer for marijuana policy in the U.S. California, which recently overtook the UK as the fifth-largest economy in the world, is expected to have a recreational marijuana market greater than Colorado, Washington, Oregon and Alaska combined, said Ethan Nadelmann, executive director of the Drug Policy Alliance. “When I talk to everybody from allies to government officials in Mexico and I ask them what’s it going to take to transform the debate,” he said, “the response to me is ‘when California legalizes marijuana.’” Colorado and Washington became the first states to legalize recreational marijuana in 2012, paving the way for Oregon and Alaska to follow suit. As medical and retail cannabis operations have spread across the U.S., legal marijuana has become the fastest-growing industry in the U.S., with some analysts projecting sales to reach $22 billion by 2020. Opponents of legalization, who spent millions campaigning against this year’s measures, have argued that pot shops pose public safety risks and lead to an increase in adolescent drug abuse. But supporters of the measures have argued that ending marijuana prohibition is critical for eliminating the war on drugs that has fueled mass incarceration and disproportionately affected people of color. Some studies have also cast doubts on fears that legalization leads to higher rates of teen abuse, and backers of legalization further point to the big tax revenues the commercial industries have raised, exceeding initial projections. Keith Humphreys, professor of psychiatry at Stanford University and an expert in drug policy, predicted that as more states legalize pot, there will be a continual decline in marijuana arrests. “You’ll see plunging prices all over,” he added, “and you’re going to have a lot more consumption.” November’s victories could encourage other states and Congress to pursue similar reforms, said Mason Tvert, director of communications for the Marijuana Policy Project. “It emboldens legislators to take on the issue and treat it more seriously,” he said. But with a conservative Republican administration and a Republican majority in Congress, will legal recreational marijuana be in jeopardy? No one knows for sure. On the campaign trail, President Donald Trump promised to take a federalist approach to marijuana stating:
24 The Northwest Chronicle “In terms of marijuana and legalization, I think that should be a state issue, stateby-state…Marijuana is such a big thing. I think medical should happen — right? Don’t we agree? I think so. And then I really believe we
President Donald Trump/ Creative Commons should leave it up to the states.” NORML has asked for a statement from President Trump, clarifying his position, but thus far has not received anything. Marijuana proponents are worried that those in the Trump cabinet and those in his administration including his Attorney General nominee Jefferson Sessions, will convince him to reserve recreational marijuana laws. Just this past April, Sessions stated “Good people do not smoke marijuana” in the questioning of current Attorney General Loretta Lynch. His legislative track record and public comments show no intentions of ending marijuana prohibition or respecting the millions of reJeff Sessions/Creative Commons sponsible cannabis consumers throughout the country. If Sessions’ personal beliefs are allowed to dictate the policies of the Justice Department, we could be in for a rough four years, NORML political director Justin Strekal has stated. NORML’s mission is to move public opinion sufficiently to legalize the responsible use of marijuana by adults, and to serve as an advocate for consumers to assure they have access to high quality marijuana that is safe, convenient and affordable. State Attorney General Bob Ferguson has not issued an opinion of comment on what may lie ahead for recreational marijuana in a Trump presidency, according to Peter Lavallee, communications director for the Washington State Attorney General’s Office.
28 The Northwest Chronicle
Cannabis is going to the dogs BY LESLIE KELLY | email@example.com
A recent event at a Seattle cannabis retailer has prompted many dog owners to take note. There are now pot products available for dogs, and Vela Cannabis retailer in Seattle is one place to find them. The dog tincture is produced by Fairwinds and sells under the name of CBD Companion Tincture. According to David Desroches, buyer for Vela, after noticing many of their customers liked to bring their dogs with them to the shop, they decided to host a “pet appreciation day.” “We’re a dog-friendly place,” he said. “And so we offered Fairwinds an opportunity to be here at a vendor day and tell customers about their products for dogs.” According to the Fairwinds, the companion tincture is a high potency 5:1 CBD:THC tincture that includes 100mg CBD and 20mg THC per bottle. Like their other tinctures, the base is coconut oil, the ingredients are all natural and there are no added sweeteners or synthetics. This alcohol, glycerin and glycol free tincture supports their wellness inspired mission. “But what really makes this product unique is the pet wellness organizations and medical research a portion of the sales proceeds supports,” said James Hull of Fairwinds. “Most of us consider our pets to be part of, and often the center of, our family,” Hull said. “We at Fairwinds want our four-legged friends to be on the receiving end of the benefits of the miraculous cannabis plant and this new exciting emerging industry both directly and indirectly.” Directly, he said, is the use of the tincture in dog’s food to help with a number of ailments. Indirectly, he added, that the company sponsors Fairwinds Pet
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Wellness Program and donates 10 percent of all sale proceeds of the CBD companion tincture series to northwest based pet wellness organizations. Using the tincture in dog food can help dogs with things such as arthritis, nausea and fighting the side affects of other cancer treatments. It’s known to be an anti-inflammatory, too. Since sponsoring the pet appreciation day, Desroches said they’ve seen an increase in awareness of cannabis products for dogs. “We’ve had it since August (2016),” he said. “But it’s just becoming something people are learning about.” With the dog tincture, pets get the CBD, which is non-psychoactive and has no mental effect on the animal, he said. And he warned that dog owners need to check it out with their veterinarian and be careful about dosages before using the product. Fairwinds first “four-legged approved” flavor is one of the very most popular flavors for both “man and beast”: Bacon. “Bacon mania is alive and well with unique treats such as bacon maple donuts, bacon ice cream, bacon sausage, infused cocktails, plus so many more, and now Bacon Cannabis Tincture by Fairwinds,” Hull said. “This bacon flavored tincture has a buttery smooth, slightly smoky taste that is phenomenal by itself and amazing when added to foods and beverages.” Fairwinds is working with a number of human and animal organizations and medical services to support efforts to improve the science of pet wellness with special attention given to organizations studying and implementing the benefits of cannabis on pets. Included are local veterinary hospitals, clinics and research and development programs. Funding and managing clinical cannabis studies is a significant part of their pet program “as it is a ‘bridge’ component to large-scale acceptance and respect of cannabis use for medical purposes,” Hull said.
30 The Northwest Chronicle
15928 Highway 99 So. Lynnwood WA. 98087 Mon-Thurs 9am-10pm Âˇ Fri 9am-11pm Sat 9am-10pm Âˇ Sun 9am-9pm 15928WhiteRabbitCannabis.com Highway 99 So. Lynnwood WA. 98087. 425-745-4242 Hours: 10AM-10PM Mon-Sat, 10AM-8:30PM Sun.
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32 The Northwest Chronicle
Testing for marijuana: Will a topical be detected?
While medical and recreational marijuana is legal in Washington state, some employers still do tests for drug use. Those who use topical creams with cannabis in them often wonder if that will make them test positive in a urinalysis drug test. Hereâ€™s what Amanda Reiman, who teaches classes on drug policy at the University of California-Berkeley, had to say: Topical cannabis applications can be extremely helpful for localized pain and inflammation. Many people like them because they work on contact and are non-psychoactive. In theory, the same reason you canâ€™t get high from rubbing them on your skin related is to why using topicals will not cause you to test positive in a drug test. The THC level in topical products tends to be far lower than that in smokable or edible products. Add that to the fact that applying a topical to the skin only allows it to break the skin/ muscular barrier, but not enter into the blood stream. I have not seen any reported cases of positive drug tests from topical applications and the research supports this. However, depending where you live, there might also be transdermal patches on the market. These work similarly to nicotine patches and do contain components that allow the
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THC to break into the bloodstream and will cause intoxication and a positive drug test. The topicals I am referring to only include lotions, balms, salves, and others products that contain cannabis and are rubbed on the skin. Think about it like rubbing alcohol. You can rub it on various places on your body, but you will not feel intoxicated or have a BAC over the legal limit if you use it, even though it has a very high concentration of alcohol in it. However, remember that, like the transdermal patch, consuming marijuana in other ways will show up on a drug test. There are three main types of drug tests, urine, blood and hair tests, and saliva tests are becoming more common, especially for detecting marijuana smoking. However, a urine test is the most commonly administered because of ease and cost. In reality, the only thing that will ensure a clean drug test is abstaining from ingesting drugs, at least for a while, but each test is different in terms of how long you need to abstain and what the test can tell about your use history. Urine tests can detect the THC in the fat cells, since some of it gets washed out with the urine. THC can reside in fat cells for up to four weeks, sometimes longer if the person consumes large amounts of marijuana. In a blood tests, THC is usually eliminated from the blood within 48 hours, however, blood tests are costly and harder to administer so they are not used as often. Hair follicle tests work by detecting THC metabolites that have been passively diffused from the blood stream to the base of the hair follicle. Hair follicle tests can detect drug use within the past three months, including patterns of use. However, they often show false positives due to environmental pollution and other factors. Drug tests can be administered in a discriminatory way that many times includes violations of privacy and an assumption of drug use leading to negative consequences. However, in todayâ€™s world, it is a part of many opportunities for employment, athletic participation and part of criminal justice sanctions. Whether you support the idea of drug testing or not, the consequences of having a positive test can be far reaching and detrimental. Source: Amanda Reiman, PhD., doctorate in social welfare.
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The Stoner’s Library BY MEAGAN ANGUS | From The Seattle Weekly
Books: They’re not just for rolling joints on. They also can contain cool stuff like facts and pictures. Here are five titles that will fill out the back story on anyone’s favorite plant.
“The Hasheesh Eater: Passages from the Life of a Pythagorean,”
by Fitz Hugh Ludlow This work is built of a series of remembered exploits detailing Ludlow’s misadventures with hashish candies, available from his local pharmacist. Ludlow’s 1857 account of his love affair with the drug reads like an H.P. Hovercraft novel, and he may have unwittingly laid the way for future roguish outlaw psychonauts like William Burroughs and Hunter S. Thompson.
“The Cannabis Encyclopedia: The Definitive Guide to Cultivation and Consumption of Medical Marijuana,”
by Jorge Cervantes This book covers everything from the history of medicinal uses to suggestions on how to prescribe cannabis and the best ways to create concentrates and edibles. Almost all of it is dedicated to a thorough description of grow techniques – indoor, outdoor and in greenhouses. At almost 600 pages, with thousands of color photographs, this tome is the be-all, endall guide on medicinal usage, perfect for patients and medical providers alike.
“Marihuana: The First Twelve Thousand Years,”
by Ernest L. Abel. This long-out-of-print text is a sprawling overview of the deep impact this plant has had on human progress. From Asia and Persia, to Africa and the New World. Abel demonstrates pot’s key role in wars, global exploration, and religious beliefs. Written in a conversational manner, Abel presents
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a few dubious “facts” but that does not diminish the book’s entertainment and education factor.
“The Cannabible 1, 2, and 3,”
by Jason King These three volumes are simply weed porn. The product of four years of global research, they include some pretty cool, albeit obscure, information, including a discussion of the Dutch seed market and a breakdown of marijuana breeding habits in North America. But the meat of this work is King’s superior macro photography skills, used to bring some of the world’s most famous strains into the spotlight. Every curling purple hair, resin-encrusted leaf, and glistening trichome are laid out for all to see.
“The Emperor Wears No Clothes: Hemp and the Marijuana Conspiracy,”
by Jack Herer The granddaddy of pot books, it is the definitive of pot’s biggest adversaries in the fight for legalization. Last edited in 2010, just before here died, this easy-to-read book is packed with charts and figures. Though it centers on weed, it’s really an indictment of the corrupt systems controlling people’s access to information. A scary tale told with good humor, it’s an intensely researched look into the lengths our government and multinational corporations will go to construct a reality around a preferred behavior.
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