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Undergraduate and Graduate Catalog


For Further Information The university is located at South 121 t Street and Park Avenue in suburban Parkland. Office hours are from 8:00 a m to 5:00 p.m. Monday through Frida),. Most offices are dosed for chapel on Monda)', ednesday, a n d Friday from 10:00 to 10:30 a.m. during the scho 1 year, nd on F rid a ys duri ng June, July, and August all offi es close at 12 noon. The university also observe' all l e gal holidays. The University Center maintain' an information desk which is op en daily un t il 10 p.m. (II p.m. on Frida I and Saturday). isitor are welcome at any time. pecia l arrangements for tou rs and appointments may be made through the Admissiuns ffice or the University Re latio ns Office. .





General int rests of the wliversily, church

The President

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Area code (206) . 535·710 I

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relations, an d .:ommunit)' relations

Academic policies and programs, faculty

Tbe Provost ... . .. ..


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appointments, curriculum development,

academic advising and assistance, graduate programs, and internati nal study

(,Ileral information, admis.�ion of stud en t s


Admissions ........ ...........................


publications for prospective tuden ts , freshman �tud nt registration, tr ansfe r and advanced placemen t .

Transcripts of record ,


hcdules, and

The Registrar .... ........ .. ..... ........ 535· 7131 .



reg i st ra tion Financial assistance, scholarships, and ioans

Financial Aid and Scholarship

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Financial management and administrative services

Tbe Vice President for

Fees and payment p lans

Student Accounts ........... ......... . .

Finance and Operations .


Campus par king, safety, and i nfo rmatio n


counseling and testing,

healt h services, minority affairs,


535·7121 535·7107

Campus Safety and Information

Residence ha lls


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The Vice President for Student Life . . . . . ...........

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535· 7191

interna tional students, and extracurricular a


Gifts, bequests, grants, and the annllal fund

The Vice President for Development and University Relations .....


Work-study opportunitie ,student employment, and career o pti ons

Career Senius . ....... .. . . . . . . . . . .... .

Summer sessions

SwnmerSessions . ....




Alumni a tivities



Campus Minist ry .


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Alumni and Parent Relations

Worshi p services, nd religi o u life at lhe uni er ity








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535·7415 535·7464

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Honors Program Humanities

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Integra ted Studie ........................................................................... 90

. . ... . . .. . 92 La nguag es ....................................................................................... 94 Legal Stud i e s ................................................................................... 97

International Programs


Marriage and Family Mathematics

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lv!edical Technology



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ivfusic ............................................................................................ 102 . . ..... ......................... . . . . . .

Natural Sciences Nursing

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110 110

Philosophy ................................................................................... 117 Physical Education .. ..... ........... .... .....

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Physics .


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Political Science ................................ ...... .................. ....................


Pre-Professional Programs .......................................................... 128 Psychology



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Publishing und Pri n ting Arts ...................................................... 132 Relil.(io n ........................................................................................ J 33 Sca�·dinavian A r ea Studies .......................................................... 135 Social Sciences .............................................................................. 135 Social Work ... . .... ..... ..................................... ..... .......................... 136 .

Sociology ..................................................................................... 137 Statistics ....................................................................................... 139

\' omen's Studies


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Graduate Studies Admis si on ...... ..

Table of Contents


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Fees .


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Student tife .... ........................................ ...... . . ......... ............


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Academic Pro

Degree and Course Offeri ngs Academic Strll tur Majors and









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Physical Education ...................................................... .... .. .... .... .. 153 .

Social, ciencc



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. .. . . . ..... . ............. . .. .. 156 . . . . .... . . . .. .... . . . J 56 acuIty . .. ... .. .. . . ........ . ... . . 158 Guidelines .................................................................................... 164 CaIll pll. Map . . ....... ..... . .. .. . . . 167

Board of Regents


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Administrative Offices . .. .. ........... ... ..

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28 30 The Arts ............. .. ................................................. .. . . . . .. .... .... . ... 3 2 Biology ..... . . ................................................................................... 33 Bu:ines ............................................... ........ ............ ......... . .... ... .... 35 .hemistry ........ ......... ....... . . .. .. ....... . .... ............... .... .................... . 45 Chin 'e Studies .... ....... .......................................... ...................... . . . 48 .lassies ....... ........ ......................... ............ ... ... ........... . .. . . .. . ... . 49 ollege of Arts and Sciences ......................................................... 49 Communica ion and Theatre ............... ...... ........... ...................... 50 Comp ute r Science ......... . . . . . .. . . . . ..... . . . . . ....................................... . .... 54 Cooperative 'du alion I nt<'rnshi p� ............................................. 57 E rth S c i ences ................................................................................. 58 Economics . ........................................................................ ....... .... 59 Educ a tio n .... .... ............ ......... . ........... ....................... ..................... 6 1 Engin ering .. . ....... ........... ... ..... ............ ... ............... .... .. . . .. . . . ..... 76 Anthropology ..... ..


145 Financial Aid . . . . . . ... ..... . .................. ..... . ... . . 145 Business ........................................................................................ 146 Education .......



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Finan ial Aid

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Com puter Scien ce ........................................................................ 147

Generallnformation ........................................................................ 4

Tuition and



The University Admi

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widon and Fees ...........

Academic Calendar ............................................ . ...... ....................... 4

Mission Statement

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Poli .ics and 'tand, rds ........................ ........... ........ .... ... .......



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English ........................................................................................... 78 English as a Second Language ............. .......................................... 81 nvironmental Studies .................. ................................................ 83 Gl bal Studies



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The Information contained h ere in retkcts nn accurate picture of PacifIC l.utheran Univer ity at the time of pubLlcalioll. However, lh university serves the right to make nece.ssaf)' ch3nge� in proc�dur > ,policies. c;!Iendar, curricululll, and co�t). Listed In this catalog are course descriptions and .summaries of desrec requirements for majors. minor.;, and other program5 in Ihe Cullege of Arts and �c'iences and the School, of the Art;. Busin 55, Education. Nursing. and Physical Education. Detail�d Jegree re�llJircll1ent . "ften including supple­ mentary sample programs. arc available in the oflic:cs of the individual schoo ancl departlllents. AdVIsing b, tlnl crsity pcrsnnnel inconsistent w ith published stakmcnts i. not binding.



>­ fVI

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Academic Calendar 1994-95· SUMMER 1994

Term 1.......................................... londay, May 23-Friday, june 17 Term II . . . .. . . . ......... ... . .. Monday, june 20-Frida ,july 15 Workshop \ eek ........................... Mond ay july lS F ri d ay july 22 Term m ................................... Mo nday, jul, 25 ·Friday, ugust 19 ommencement ....... ....... . 10:30a.m., Saturday, August 20 .

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Registration .... ....... ... Saturday, September 3, to M nda" . eptcmbcr 5 Classes BCHin ................................ 8:00a.I11., Tuesday Se p tembe r 6 Opening Convocat ion ............... 10:30a.m., Tuesday, September 6 Classes re5wne Ilt 1 :4Sp. m. . .. .... . .. .. . . . . . ... ..... Friday, ctuber 21 Mid-semester Bre ak Thanksgiving Recess B ·gins. 1 :35p.m., Wednesday, ovember 23 Thanksgiving Recess End s ......... 8:00a.m., Monday ovemb I' 28 Classes End ....................................... 6:00 p m Frida , December <J Mid-year Comm .ncement ...... 10:30a.m., Saturday, December 10 Final Examinations ................................ lv1onday, December 12, to Friday, Dece mber 16 Semester Ends (after last exam) ..................... Fri day, December 16 ricntation and








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Academic Calendar 1995-96 SUMMER SESSION 1995

Term 1 ....... . ... ..

. . .. . . . ... ... . . . . . .. . .... . Monday, May 22-Frida ,june I Term II ......................................... Mo n day June 1 9 Fr id ay July 14 Workshop Week . . . . . . .... .... . . . . ....... Mon d ay july 17- riday, july 21 1erm II .. ........ ....... ................. Monday, July 24-Friday, August 18 Commencement ............................ 10:30a.m., Saturday, ugust 19 .










Orientation and Registration ............... Saturd ay, September 2, to .

t-,ilonday, September 4 ............................... 8:00a.m., Tuesday, September 5 Ope nin g Convocation ............... IO:30a.m., Thesday, S <!p tem ber 5 Clllsses re ume at J :45p.11l. Mid-semester Break .... . .. . .......... Frida)', October 20 Thanksgiving Recess Be gins . I :35p.m., Wednesday, November 22 Thanksgiving Rec 5 Ends . ... ... 8:00a.m., Monday, Novembe r 27 lasses End ... .... ....... .. .. . . . .. .. . :OOp.m., ri day December 8 Mid-year Commencement ........ 10:30a.m., Saturday, December 9 Final Examinations . . ..... . .... . Monday, Dec mbcr 11, to Fri da y D e cl:m be r 15 eme t rE nd s (after last e.xam) ...... ...... Frid ay, December 15 Class s Begin

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january 3 Martin Luther King, jr., Birt h d ay H olida y .... Monday, January 16 lasses End Frid ay January 27

Classes Begin . :.............................................. Tue�da ja nuary 2 Martin Luther King, Jr., Birthday Holida)' . Monda, January 15 lasses End .......................................................... Frida , january 26

SPRING SEMESTER 1995 Registration .. ... . . .. . . ......... .


Classes Begin .




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lasses Begin .............................. 8:00a.m., Wednesday, February 1 President.' Day H olida y ... . . . .. . ... . . . Monday, February 20 Spring Break Begi ns ............................. 6;00 p.m., Friday, M ar ch 17 Spring Break Ends .. . . . . . .. . . . . 8:00a.m., Mond ay, Mar ch 27 Easter R ec ess Begi .... .. .. ... . .. .... ... .. 8:00a.m., Frida y, April 14 Easte r Recess End� . ... ...... .... ... . 3:40p.m., ! Ifonday, Ap r il 17 lasse End .. .. ... ....... .. .... . .. . ... 6:00p.m., Friday, May 12 rinal aminations .. . ... ..... .. Monday, Ma)' 15, to Friday, May 19 Semester En (after last exam ............................... Friday, May 19 COnlmen ement ... . .. . . . .. . . . . 2:30p.m., S unday May 21 ..


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Registration . . .. ... . . . . .. .. ... ... .. . . . .. Tuesday, january 30 Classes Begin ... . . . .. ........ 8:00a.m., Wednesda)" January 31 President·' D, y Holiday ... . .. . ... .. . Monday, Februar 19 Sprincr Break BegiI1s . .... . . . . . .. 6:00p.m., F ri da y March 15 , pring Break Ends . .. ...... .. . . . .. 8:00, .m., Monday, March 25 Eilst r Recess Begills . .... .... . . 8:00a.m., Friday, AprilS aster Recess Ends .. ... .... .... . ... 3:40p.m., M on d a y April 8 Classes End .............................................. 6:00p.m., Friday, May 10 Final Exami.nalions .. ... ...... .. Monday, May 13, to riday, May 17 Seme ter Ends (after l as t exam) ... .... . .. ....... . . . Frid y, May 17 , rnmencement . . . . . .. . ... .. ... ... 2:.'lOp.m., unday, May 19 Worship ervice beg ills at9:30a.m. .

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I N f O R M AT I O N -! I m


The University

Pacinc Lutheran Univer-ity is fully accredited by the

ho ol s and Co llege s

ssociation of


orthwes t

a four-y ar insti t u ti on of

higher cdu ation. In addition the following programs hold specialized accredi­


Mission Statement Long co mmitted to pro-vi in' an ed ucation distinguished [or quality, in the context of a heritag that is Luth e r an and an

envlr n me nt that is ecumenically

hrisr ia n , PL

continu es to

em bra ce its primary mission: the development of knowledgeable per ons ' quip p e d with an lill derstan ding of the human condi­

tion, a critical awareness of hum. ne and 'p iritu al values, and a


'ap city for dear and effe tive -eJf-cxpre For all who c ho os e to seek a PI.


degree, the Univer ity o ffers

opportunity to pur 'ue a variet y of p rogram . of acade m ic worth and excell nee. Its st andards of performau c deman d a finely trained £ ulty as well as highly skilled administrative and s uppo rt .toff. fn its in titutional emphasis on scho lar ship, the

Unive rsity views the lib eral arts as provi di ng the necessary and essential oundation for the te hni 31 training and cduc ation in

the profe. sio ns which modern so ci ety req u ires. The niversity aims to cultivate the in tellect , not for its own sake merely, but tl a tool of conscience and an inst rum�nt for ervicc. Thc iversit), and variety of cultural programs and per­ sonal servi c. off red by the Uniyer ' it y are intended to facilitate this I' sitive dey l opm nt of th stu dent .15 a whole person in order that our students m ig ht function as mem bers of society. In other words , PLO affirms that realization of one's h igh es t pot ntinl as w .11 as fu lfillment of life's purpose .Irises in the joy of service to others. To ai d i t stud nts in sh aring this understnnd­ ing, the niversity see to be community in which there i. a con ti n ui ng and fr uitful interaction be tween what is best in edu ation and what is noblest in

hristian edification.

his delib rate and simultaneous all ntion to the religious dim nsion

the total human experience and to the standards of

cholarly obj ctivity, coup led with cI ar rec gnition of the integrative impulse in each , is the essence of PLU.

Genera l Information mSTORY Pacific Lutheran Un ive rsity was fO lt n ded in 1890 y men and women of the Luthe ra.n

hurch in the Northwest. Th eir purpose

was to establish an institution in wh ic h th ir people could be


ducntion wa a venerated part


the Scandinavian

an d G r m a n tradition. from which thes pioneer came. Til

institution opened


Pa cific Lutheran

'Idemy. Gro wi ng in

a junior colle 'C in 1921. Ten yc rs later, it was organized into a three-),eJr normal sc bool which became a colle e of edu catio n in 1939. After I 41, it ex panded as Pacifi Lutheran ' liege until it was reorgatlized as J. u n iver s it y in 1960, re flec ting the growth of both it, professional school· and Liberal arts cor .

stature, PLA became

c z <

tati ns nl! approval>:


Busilless - m riean Assembly of Collegiate ch ools of Bll�iness Cltemistry- American , he m i cal Society Computer Science (8.5) - .o mp uting 'cien es A creditation Boar ,Inc. l::ducation- Na ti onal Council for t he A c c reditation of 'Ieacher


Edu..:ation rvtarriage alld Family Therapy - Commission on Ac reditat ion

for M arria ge and Family Therapy Educ a ti on of the American Association for M.lIriage nd Family Therapy Music -

,Hiona! Association of Schools of Music tlrsing- National League for Nursi ng Socin/ Work - ouncil on , ocial Work Education Any current or prospecti'

tuo ent may, upon requ 5t di r e cted

to the president" of6ce, review a copy of the dUCliments pe r ­ tainin' to the university'S various ac reditations and ppnwais. GROUNDS Locat d ill suburban Parkland, PL

has a pi ture que 126-acre

campus, truly representative of the natural grandeur of the Pacift


o rt hwe. t.


2,750 full-time studen ts ; 599 part- time stude n ts

FACUlTY 237 full-time facull),; 79 part-time fa cu lty S TUDENT/FACULTY RATIO

J 5.3; 1 ACADEMIC PROGRAM Pacifi Luth eran niversity us s,! 4-1-4 calendar which consists of two fourteen-week semesters brid ged by a four-week January term. ourse c redit is co mp uted by hou r ' . The majority of courses

4 huur . Each undergraduate degree candidate is ex pe cte d to com p let e 128 hour ' with an overall grade point average of 2.00. Departments or schools may set higher gra de poin t requirements. Degree requirements arc specifically Slated in th is catalog. Each student ho u l d become familiar with these requirements and pr pare to meet thelll. are offe red Or

LIBRARY SERVICES The Rol crt A.L. Mort edt Li brar y is th

central multi-media

lea rn ing resource cen er se r ving the entire uni ersil, commu· nity. It colle

ion ar h oused and service pro i d ed in a

modern fuoctional building whi c h has stud, space for


st udents and :helving for 500,000 books, periodical>, micro film , and au dio -v is u al materials. The Ii r a ry receives over 2,000 current mogal-ines. journals, and new papers. Tn a ddi t ion to its gen e r al collection of bo ok s and other materials, the lib ra r y ha a special collection devoted to the Scandinavian I mmigran t E xp er i en ce and contains the university and r gional Lutheran church archives. ther resources include the ,urriculum Collection of the School of ducali 11, the microfi che coli cti n of college ca t a lo gs, maps, pam phlets, national nd trade bibliographies, and D-R M indexes. The library is op en (or' [Vice 107 hour' during J. t)'pical we k in a regular t rill. A staff 0 28 full and pan -ti me librarians and assis tan ts offer expert reference, informatiun, and media service .. The ree rence staff provides b ginning and advanced

libra ry instruction for all student .In addition to standard refcren

service, the lib rar y taff also

ffers computerized result of the library's

bibliographic in form a ti on en,ice. A.� th




>­ t-

extens ive col lec ti o n of bibli ograph i c to Is, computer acc ' . to


o the r col lec t i o ns, and electronic

A g u i di n g p r in ci p le 0 ac a d e m i c assistance activi ties is facilital­ ing stu den t lea rn i n g . The center assists students to learn abou t themselves as learners. Tra i n ed and cer ti fied pen tutor ar e available to: wo r k wi th students individually on course co nten t, facil it ate s ma l l study groups, conduct reviel sessi o ns . de m o n s trat e active l ea rn i n g methods, n d initiate special projects i n conjunction wi t h fa cu lt y.

mail service, students and faculty have ra p id a c e s s to materials which c an be borrowed


from othe r l ibraries .

rvi ce is available

to PL s t udents and facult y at St. Mar tin's College, Seat lle n ive r s it y, cattle PadE U n i vers i ty. nd the University of Puget S o u nd . DiIeCl loan

Northwest Collcoe, u.J I t-


o o


C o m pu t i n g a nd 'lelcCOl11munications {'rvices provides c a m pus wide commun ications md com pu t i ng n eeds. The main Offlc.· are locatee! in the so u l hea s t (orner of the lower Hoor of the Mor t ved t Li bra ry b u i ldin g. The facility h o uses a VAX 4700 ' u per mini-compllter and DEC l p h a 3400 com p uter. The Alpha is used p ri ma ri ly for academic pu rposes i n c l u di n g Internet ust:. A l arge computer lab. located in the n iversity Ce nte r, p rov i d e s acces� to the Alpha, LBM - PCs, a nd Macintosh compu ters. This lab is open seve n days a wee dming each term . Additionally, each residence hall room is equipped wi t h a spe ci a l data jack. This al lows stud nt with t h i r own co mputer to connect to the campus data n twork without a modem. Th rough the c a m p u s network, st ud ents h ave access to t h e P LU l i b rar y 's o n- l in e p ub li c access cata l og (as well as others t h rou gh o u t the worl d ) , elec­ tronic mail, and o the r I n ternet research tools. Ea ch residence hall r om is also e q u ipped with a digital t e lep h on e and voice m a i l service.

i e ly of so ftwa re p rograms and programm�ing la ng u ages for the syste ms . The un iversity has a d o p ted sta ndard software including word processing and spread sh ets and Macintosh c o m pute rs, and data bases ane! stat ist ical fo r P software for P s . lnformation rega rding t e l e p h o n e se rvices, co mpute r software standards and p ol ic i es, and Un i ersity en t er Lab hours rnay be obtained by co n tacti ng Computing and Telecommunications 'ervices main office at 5 3 5 - 7 5 2 5 . The i n te n t i o nal , unauthorized entry into a comp ute r system i a crime u n der the laws of the State of Wa shington. omputer secu rity programs an d devic s are used to m anage and control access to p rogra m s and data. In the even o f computer t Te sp a ss, university officials are authorized access to all data and messages a' ociated wi t h the incident for use in its resol u t ion . oice messaging systems fall under the Telecommunications Act which makes ta mperi n g with another pers on 's voic mail or making prank and obscene c a l l s illegal. The u n i vers i ty Irigoro usly pr sec ut s these violations both criminally and via the s tude n t A


are av a il able




Academic consultation w i t h t h e director J.ssures r e s po n s i ve and personal as si s t mce with academic concerns. Approximately one in fou r stue!ents regularly u s es t h e service o f t he Ac a dem i c Assi st an e Ce nt e r. All se rv i ces are fr ee to PLU studC"nts. The office, l o c a t ed i n Ram Lad 1 1 2, is open M o nday th rough Thursday fro m 9 : 0 0 a . m . until 9:00 p.m., Friday from 9:00 a . m . u ntil 5 :00 p . m . , and Su nd a y from 2:00 p.m. until 9 : 0 0 p . m . THE COALITION FOR THE ADVANCEM ENf OF ACTIVE LEARNING

for the Advancement of Act ive Lea rning ( AAL) faculty, ,md alumni organizat�ion dedicated to the promotion of active le a r n i ng i n all aspects of academic life at PLU. A ctive I arnil1g is a p rocess in w h i h learner are i ns p i red to beco me m ore di re c t l y involved i n the educational experience. The coalition cmp hasizes collaborative lea rning. where students tea h each other in a m u t u a l ly s u p p o rt i y e a t m o s p h ere . thereb), enhancing thei.r o w n educational expt'riences. The co a l i t i on has four main object ives: 1 . To p ro m te regular c o m m u n icat i o n ane! the exchange o f materials between i ndividuals involved i n cu rrentl sca ttered active lea rni n activities, a n d develop a cohesive academic u \ t l.lre. 2. To assess frequently and d.ocument ystematically all active lea rning ndeavo rs. 3. To stablish re g u l a r trai n i ng activili ' a nd o t h er i n frastructure supports that will insure sustained i nstitution-wide c h a n ge The Coali t i on



st u de n t,

and coherence. 4. To

i nclud e studen ts as fu ll pa rtners in the kill-b uil ding and ins titutionalization associated w i t h a dyna mic l e arn i ng com munity.

faculty interested i n the coalition s h o u l d call the Acade mic Assis t a n c Center.

SttldenlS a n d



conduct syste m .



Center for Public Service

enter. located i n Ram tad Hall , p rovid s a place for tudent to meet with tmined s tu de n t readers to discuss their academic, cr e at i v e , and professional wr i t i n g . Student taff members help writers ge ne ra te to p ics. develop focus, o rgan ize mate ri 1, and darif)' ideas. In a n a tmo spher that is comfortable a nd r m(l ed fro m the classroom selling, stud nt readers a nd wr i ter s ta lk s er ious ly about ideas and w r iting strategies. Mos t sessions are one-h ur meeti ngs, but drop-in s t u d e n ts with brief essays or q u e s ti o n s are welco me. The Wri ting Ce nte r is open Monda), th ro u g h Friday fro m t h e begi n ning of p er i o d two ( MW F 9: 1 5; TR 9:55 ) until 4 : 3 0 d u ring t he day and S u nd ay through F r i d ay fro m 7:00 wltil 9:00 in the

The Wr i t· ing

eve ning.

The Ce nt cr fo r Public Service connects dl

PLU campus to the for fa lilly, staff, and srudents to ser e co m m u n i ty n eds in 3 va rie ty of ways as part of their u niver it I' experience. There are m, ny ways st ude n t s can become involved in service at PL " The Fa mi l y and Chj ldren's e nt e r programs, located on the PLU campus, offer experiences wo rk i ng with c hi l dre n . adults, and senior ci t ize n s through University Ch i ld Car , Ad u l t Literacy, and Se ond Wind. The Volu n teer enter has l is t i n gs of 01' r 1 00 service opportunities on and near the PLU c m pu s . These opportun it ies range [rom o n e- time "Go 'n Do" p rojec t s to longer- term involvement. To find out more about service learning at PLU, call the Center for PubLic S e rv ice at 53 5 - 7 1 7 3 . su rrounding co m m u n ity by p rovidi n g opportunities .


KPLU-FM, National Public Radio


KPLU at 88.5 PM is licensed by the Federal Commu nications

For t he last t hre weeks of July each s u m mer, PLU p resents

Commission to the University Board of Regents.

A member station o f National Public Radio,

music and news seven days a week,



p rovides

24 hours a day, with a

m a i n transmitter from West Tiger Mountain

population centers o f western Wash ington from Bellingham to Vancouver. The Center fo r Social Research is an organized research unit within the Division of Social Sciences. Established i.n 1 976 to study public policy issues, the Center conr Il1ues to offer expertise and support in community research, contract research, fa cul ty/ student research projects, occasional papers, and symposia


PLU offe rs a s ec i a l six-week summer program for high school j u niors and eniors and fo r first-year coil go: stu ents. ailed

the program is de.�igned to ease the transition chool to college by sharpening lea rning sk ills that are

o l l eg e,

from h igh

e.ssential to successful c o m p letion o[

c liege or u n iver ity


prog ram. Middle

o llege has both an academic program and


counseling and test ing component. A l l st ude nts are thoroughly

kSled a n d evaluated i n privat sessions with regard to th ir

related to social issues. The p u rpose of the Center is to strengthen the connection between university resources and the com mu nity by providing high quality research services and by sponsoring a variety of public symposia.

The expertise o f faculty who specialize in demographics, su rvey research, and research method has been combined with staff expertise in document retrieval, data i n p u t, and report writing to create a valuable commun ity resou rce. Graduate and undergraduate students also participate in [acu I ty/student

reading. WTiring, verbal. and maLhematical skills. In addition, career coun cling counseling i s to order


provided. T he aim of M iddle College



each student's talents and interests i n

provide direction and goals fo r t h e college experience.

The academic p rogram offers a chance to i m p ro ve s p ecific learning skills essential to coli ge slIcce


The classes, o ffered at

several levels i n several disciplines, are for Middle Col lege students

nly, thereby allowing smaLl

lass si].e and close contact

b t\'Ieen students and fa cu lt y. All students take a study s k i l ls course, which serves as

research projects through the Center.


ma y select


tv ..·o

core of the progra m. In addition,


three cours s from a m o ng thos

offered each year. Each student's program is individualized to

The Elliott Press The Elliott Press is P LU's studio-laboratory for the publishing arts. With the Press' large collection of letterpress typ


equipment, students design and produce printed texts using the hand-con trolled techniques that flourish today i n the l ively art fo rm known as "fine printing." In addition to its own publishing program, the Press houses a growing coLlection of innovative book works and is a working museum, where visitors may watch and try tbeir hands at the technology pioneered by Gutenberg.

promote max,imum growth.

PROJ ECT ADVANCE Each em p rog ram

t r PLU offers Proj ct Advance,

special enrichment


for high school j u n i o rs and seniors. Designed t o com­

plement high school studies, Project Adv an



s tudents to

earn one hOlu of univer 'ity c re d i t and to ex.perience college l i fe

a n d study. The topic of the course is different �ach semester, ,lOd fa l l topics are usually ch osen to coincide with the h igh school


National Debate To pic. Project Advance classes meet once a week

To provide for the professional growth and cultural enrichment

for six weeks in the l a te a fterno u n .

of persons u n able to take a fu l l - time college course, the u n iver­ s i ty conducts late-after noon and even ing classes. In addition to a wide variety of offerings in the arts and sciences, there are specialized and graduate courses fo r teachers, administrators, and persons in business and industry.

RETENTION OF fIRST-YEAR STIJDENTS The retention of tud e n t s entering as freshman students bas been monit ored since 1972.

An extensive summer school curriculum, of the same quality a s


t h a t offered d u r i n g t h e regular academic year, is available t o a l l

1 982 1 983 1 984 1 985 1 986 1 987 1 98 8 1 989 1 990 199 1 1 992

qualified persons. I n addition, summer session t}fpically is a time when the facul ty offer innovative, experimental courses which cover a broad range o f contemporary i sues and perspect ives in

many fields. The summer session consists of three discrete four­ the

last week of May. Many courses are taught ill the evening, two nights per week for nine weeks, and Master o f Bus' ness Adm i nis­ tration courses are taught during two s ix-week terms, two nights per week. Designed for undergraduates and graduate students alike, the program serves teachers and a d m i n istrators seeking creden tials and special courses, first-year students desiring to initiate college stu dy, and others seeking special studies offered by the schools and departments. Non-matriculated stude.nts who enroll for the summer session need only s u b m i t a letter of academic standing or give other evidence of being prepared fo r college work.

A complete Summer Sessiol1 Catalog, outlining the c u rriculum

as well as special institutes, workshops and seminars, is printed each spring and is available by calling

hose data fo r the past decade are

presented i n the fo llo wing table: Retention of Entering First·Year Students


week terms, and a one -week workshop sessioll, and begin

535-7 1 29.

< m




Center for Social Research


or writi ng. For i n fo rmation and applica t i ons contact the

c z

of Special Academic Programs, 5 � 5- 7 1 29.

covers the Puget Sound area and translators cover t h e major


am four credi t s fo r their succ essful

completion of an intensive course ill either t h e natural sc iences

is the only independent university in the Northwest


demically gifted h i gh school sophomores and jun iors. Admi sion is competitive, and students

operating a full power N P R station. The

m a

sp cial program, called the Summer Scholars Program for aGl­

professional staff augmen ted by qualified students.



To Sophomore Year 77.6%

75.7% 78.5% 8 1 .S°/r, 80.6% R 1 .7% 75.7% 80.9% 77.4% R 1 .3% 79.9%

To Junior Ycar

60. 1 % 59.8°1t) 6 5 .9 % 68.8% 71.1% 65.3% 65.4% 70. 1 % 66.0% 7 1 .1%

To S�uior Year

54.6% 58.2% 58.8%

7.3% 6.2% 64.0% 6 2 . 7% 66.0%



A D M I S S I O N >­ f--


> z .:) LU

I f--

service fee does n o t apply to the student's acco u n t . Make

Admission Pacific Lut heran

checks or money orders payable to PLU Office of Admissio n s . 3 . Transc ript : The transcri p t submi tted m u s t i n c l u d e a l l credits

U n i ve rs i t y welcomes applications fro m

com pleted through the j u n i o r year of high sc hool. I f admis­ sion is offered, a n acceptable fin a l transcript which i n dicates

students w h o have demonstrated capacities fo r su ccess at

1 vel. Applicants who present academic records and perso nal q ua l i t i es which our experience indicates w i l l enable them to succeed at the u n iversity and ben fit fro m the e n i ro n m e n t will be offered admis­ sion. Applicants for admission are evaluated without r e ga rd to sex, race, creed, co l o r, age, national origin, or

satisfactory completion of the senior year and att ainment of a

the baccalaureate

disabling cond ition. Select ion criteria include grad.e point average, cl ass rank, transc rip . t pattern, test scores, and recommendations. ENTRANCE REQUIREMENTS (Freshmall Stu dellts/Transfe rs)


dip loma must be presented. Recommellda tions: Two recommendations must b e prepared

by princip als, counselors, pastors, or other quali fied persons. The PLU Office o f Admissions will supply the fo rms. 5 . Test Req uirement: A l l e n tering freshman students must submit

scores from either the College Board, Scholastic Aptitude Test ( SAT) , or the American College Te st Assessment (ACT ) . Registration procedu res a n d forms are available at high school counseling o ffices.

6. Personal Essay: Using no more than two page , write an essay on one o f these two topics:

In eval u a t i n g applications the dean of admissions in terprets

a. D iscuss a s i g n i fica nt i n fluence on your personal and

g rade po i nt averages and class rank in relation to the quality o f

intellectual development. This might be an interaction with

t h e cu r r i cul um which the applica n t h a s pursued in high school

another person, a perso nal experience or achievement, an

and at the baccalaureate level. ror example, a ta ndard high

educational experience, or i nvolvement with an issue of

school program i n pr paration [o r college should include the

local, national, or global concern.

fo llowing:

b. What do you consider to be yo ur personal/academicl profess ional goals and obj ectives? How do you expect your

Eoglish: 4 yea rs

* Mathematlcs: 3 years ( a lgebra, 2 years, and geometry, I year)

experience at Pacific Luthera n University to help you

" FoTeign Language: 2 years

achieve them?

Social Studies: 2 years


Laboratory Sciences: 2 years Fine, VisuaJ. or Performing Arls: 1 year Electives: 3 ye rs (selected from the areas listed above, as well as course� i n computer science, speech, and debate. ) *

Millimum Entrance Req u ire m e n ts :

1. Two years of college p reparatory ma thema tics (exc/tlSive of compllter sciel lce) with grades of C or h igher, an approved co u rse al tile baccalaureate level, or demonstrated equ i va le n t


2. Two years of one foreign la ngu age in high school with grades of

or higher, one year at the baccala u reate level, o r demoll­

tudents who have n o t satisfied one or both o f these require­ ments may still be admitted b u t must make u p the deficiency as an additional degree requirement. Ad ditional study of both mathematics and foreign lan guage is ad isable fo r certai n areas i n the arts a nd sciences and in some p rofess ional programs. Those who fo llow the above preparatory program w i l l find most c u rricular offerings o f the u niversity open t o them and may also qualify fo r advanced p lacement in orne a rea . S t udents are admitt d to either the fa l l or spring semester. Accep tance to the fal l term carries permission to attend the previ ous summer sessions. Spring a ceptance approves enroll­ ment i n the January term. The fol l owi.Ilg application deadlines ar suggested: Fall Semester-May 1 ; Spri l lg Semester-December 1 5. ENTERING FRESHMAN STUDENTS Application Procedure Students planning to euter as fres hman may submit application materials a nytime a fter comp letion of the j u n ior year of high school. Admission decisions are made begin n i ng December I

u n l e ss a request for Early Action is received. Candidates are notified of their status as soon as their comple ted application has

been received and evaluated. Cred ntials required are: Formal App lica tioll: Submit the Uniform Undergraduate

rrlicatio n fo r Admission to FQu r-Yea r Colleges and n iversitiesin t h e State of Washingto n . Available from high school counselors o r the PL 2.

senior year. Early Action applications must be made by Novem­ ber 15 of the senior year. SAT or ACT scores from the previous May or July a re accep table. Early Action students are given first consideration i n campus housing and fin ancial aid. An Early Action form is available from the Office of Admissions. Students not accepted under the Early Action program may still be considered fo r regular admission. EARLY ADM1SSION Qua lified students i nterested in accelerating their fo rmal

stra ted equivalellt proficiellCY.


High school students who have decided upon PLU as their first choice may be o ffe red admission as early as October 1 of their

Office o f Adm issions.

$35.00 Application/Records Fee: A

$.:>5 fee must accompany the

application Qr be mai led separately. This n o n -refu ndable

education may begin work toward a degree after co mpletion of the j u n i or year or first semester o f the senior year o f h igh school. Exceptional students who wish to emoIl before completing all requi red un its i n high school must have a letter submitted by a recogn i zed school official \ov hich approves early college a d m ission and gives assurance that a high school dip loma will b e issued after completion o f specified college work. Only students highly reco mmended fo r Early Admission will be considered. Gen erally these students rank among the top students i n their class and present h i gh aptitude test scores. Washillgtoll State RUIl llil1g Start Program


Accepted students

who have completed courses under the Washington State Running Start Program w i l l be awarded transfer credit. Such courses mu st be described in the catalog of an accredited Was h ington State co mmunity college and must be posted on an official transcript. ADVANCED PLACEMENT OPPORTUNITIES


ollege Board Examillations: Students i n terested in seeking

advanced placement or credit toward graduation through the exa mination program o f the College Board should direct i n q u i ries fo r specific information to the departmen t or school which offers the academic s u bject o f their choice. General i n qu i ries about the College Board program may be addressed to the Office of Admissions.

2. Dep artmel l ta l Exa minatiolls: A number of departments and schools offer placement examinations i n order that students may be advised as to the level a t which they may most advantageously p u rsue


given subject. Credit toward

graduation may be given in certain cases, depending on the

A D M I S S I O N -I I

examination 5core and whether the subject matter was not part of the course work by which the high school d i p loma was earn d. Again, inquiries fo r specific information should be d irected to the department or school offering the particular subje t. TRANSFER STUDENTS

Application Procedure -




Students who began their h igher education at o ther regionally accredited colleges or universities are encou raged to a pp ly fo r admission with advanced standing. er 400 stu dents transfer to . the university each year with an averag grade point in exee s of 3 .00 ( B ) . a ndid a te s must have gooo a c a dem i c and personal standing at the i nstitution last attended full- time. Although i t does not guarantee admission, a grade point average o f 2.50 i n a l l college work attempted is usually required fo r admission. For applicants with less than sophomore stanoing (30 semester hours or 45 quarter hours ) , secondary school records and standardized test scores will also be considered. Credentials required are: 1. Formal Application: Submit a U n i fo r m Undergraduate ppli­ fJtion with $35.00 no n-refundable applicatio nirecords fee. 2. Transcripts: Official t ranscripts from all p revious collegiate inslitutions attended must be sent by those i nstitutions directly to the PLU Office of Admissions. OfficiaI h igh school transcripts of credits are necessary if they are n ot listed on college transcripts. 3. Recommenda tions: Two recommendations mu t be' prepared by inst ructors, counselors, pastors, or other quali fied persons. The PLU Office of Admissions provides the forms. 4. Personal E-say: Using no more than two pages, write an essay on one of these two top ics: a. Discuss a significant influence on your personal and i ntellectual devt'lopment. This might be an interaction with another person, a p ersonal experience or achievement, an educational experience, or involvement w it h an issue of local, national, or global concern. b. 'vVhat do you consider t o be your personal/academic/ professional goals and objectives? How do you expect your experience at Pacific Lutheran University to help you achieve them? EVALUATION OF CREDITS

1 . Th e registrar evaluates all transfer records and creates an

booklet indicating completion of any core require­ ments and total hours accepted. Individual schools and d ep a rtm e nt s determine which COUIses satisfy major requirements. 2. Generally, college-level courses carrying the grade of "C" or above apply toward gr ad u ation. 3 . A community college student may transfer a maxi mum of 64 semester (96 quarter) hours of credi t from the two-year institution. 4 . Students completing the direct transfer associate degree from an accredited Wa sh ingt o n State community college before matriculation at PLU will be admitted with junior standing and will have satisfied all general university requirements except for one course i n religion, l ines I or 2 (4 semester hours) and one i n terim course (4 semester hours). (The i n terim course requirement will no longer pertain to students completing degrees after December 1994.) 5. All students must satisfy the ent rance requirements i n mathematics a n d foreign language. 6. To qualify as a degree candidate, a student must take the final 32 semester hours in residence. advising



1. Credits earned i n u naccredited schools nre not transferable. Students who have matriculated at Pacific Lutheran Univers i t y may petition a department or school to waive particular requirement on the basis of previous unaccredited course

work or may petition a oepartment or school to receive credit by exami nation. 2. The uniwr i t y allows up t o 20 semester hours of SAF liDa nre credit and up to 20 se mester hOUTS fo r military cr dit, provid­ ing the total of the two doe not exceed 30 se m es te r hours. 3. The un iversit does not grant credit for college le vel GED tests. 4. For i nformatio n on the College Level Exam i nation Program (CLEP), refer to the ection on 'redit by E. amination under Academic Procedures. ACCELERATED UNDERGRADUATE REENTRY FOR ADULTS (AURA)

ualified ad u lt s. 30 years of aoe r older, who have not been enrolled in a haec laureate degree program within the last five years, may seek advanced placemen t up ro the j un i o r level through the AURA Program. Those acc�pted i nto AURA are granted one year's provi ional adm issio n , d uring which t i me they must complete 1 2 credits at PLU ( including Psychology 4 0 1 ) with a gra t: poin t avera"c lif 2. or high r. red it awards fo r pri r learn i ng are based upon systematic assessment b a facult ' panel of th(;' adequacy and appro pri. t n ess of know l edge and skills demonstrated in a portfolio p repa red by the student with staff assistan e . re dit awards may not cxc e d 4 8 semeste r credits les a cc e pt a b l e college transfer credits. For details of the URA Program, contact the director, AURA Program, 535-75 18. FORMER STUDENTS

AppUcatlon Procedure Full-time students who have nol been in attendance for over six ye a rs may see I re-admission by obtaining an application for re­ entrance from the ffie.: of Adm issions. Students who have not been in attendance for fewer than six years may re-apply d i rectly

to tile Registrar's Office. 1. Studcn t.- who have not attended the university for a period of up to i" years may re-enter PLU by notifyino the Registrar's Office of their i nten tion to return. Re-enteri n g students must p ro v i d current add ress and degree info rmation and o f1icial transcripts from any other college attended durina thei.r absence from P LU . PI' vious fi nancial obligations to the u niversity must be cleared, and students must have cu rren t health clearance w i t h t h e University Health Services before they may reg is ter. 2. Stude n ts seeking to relll rn to PL more than s i x years after their la t date of ttendance mu s t be re-aomitted (0 the un iversity. An app lication for re - ad mi ss i o n should be submitted to the Office of Admiss ion�, along with ufficial tTanscripts from any other college attended d ur i ng lb peri d of absence from PI. . Students who have bee n dropped for academ ic or disciplinary reasons must identify a facult y memb r willing to act s a sponsor and ad vise r if re-admitted. INTERNATIONAL STUDENTS

AppUcation Procedure

International student, who are qualified academical ly, finan­ cially, and in English proficiency ar e encouraged t join the u niversity commun ity. Information and application procedures may be obtained from the dean of admissions. FINALIZING AN OFFER OF ADMISSION

1 . Medical Requirem e/1t: Before actual enrollment each


student must submit a Health H istory OrIn complete with an accurate immun ization record. This infoml a t i o n must be acceptable to the PLU Heal th Services Office. 2. Advance Paymel1t: A $200.00 advance payment is n ecessary i n order to confirm an offer of adm ission. This payment guarantees a place in the ,rudent body, reserves housing o n campus if requ e ste d , holds financial assistance which may


c z < m

-I -<



have been awarded, and is required before class registration. It


w :r: f-

is credited to the student's account and is applied toward expenses of the first se mester. Fall 3RPlicaLlts offered admis足 sion before May I must submit the payment bv May 1 . If circumstances necessitate cancellation of enrollment and the dean 0 admissions i s notified i n writ i ng before May 1 5, the $200.00 will be refunded. The refu n d date fo r the January term is December [5, and for spring semester, January 1 5 . 3 . New Stude1lt Informat iol1 Form: This form includes the application fo r housing and must b e completed by all students and returned with the advance payment.


1 . Award decisions (or freshmen a n d transfer students who meet the Feb ruary 1 completion date will be made in March, and actual notification will be mailed the first week in April.

2. Financi a l aid decisions fo r continuing PLU students are made during April and May. Notifications are sent out beginn ing in May. VALIDATING THE AID OFFER Aid offers must be validated by re turning the signed Offer of Fina ncial Aid. Freshman and transfer students must also submit the $200 advance payment required by the Office of Admissions. This should be done as soon as possible, but must be received by May 1 . No payment is required from continuing students. All students must

omp lete a satisfactory payment arrangement

Financial Aid

with the Student Accounts Office by August

Recognizing that many st u d e n t s who want to attend Pac i fic

Applicants who do not return their acceptance of an award by

Lu th ran Un i vers i t y would be unable to meet all expen ses of en ro ll m e n t from person a l or fa m ily sources, the u niversit

attempts to p rovi d e financial assi stance to all

eligible stu de ms . Any student a pp ro v e d fo r enrollment or c u r re n t l y e n rolled may re q u e s t fi nancial aid. Ap p rox i 足

mately 70% of the un i ve rsity's stu d en t s rece ive help in the form of gift assistance ( that is, scholarsh i ps, talent awards, or grants ) , low i n terest deferred loans, or employment. In many

cases a

fi na n c i al a i d award w i l l b e a combination o f

forms of assi tance. The quantity and co m p o s i t io n of a n award is based up o n demonstrated financial need, academic ach i e vemen t, test scores, and other p e rs o n I talents and i nte r es ts . eed is determined from analysis of the Free Appli ca t ion fo r federa l tudent A i d ( AFSA) , which is a statement of th


financial cond i t i o n . Analysis of the PAF ' A d e t e rm i n es an e >.:p ecte d co ntribution fo r co lle ge expenses from the

s t u d en t and p a re n t ( s) or guardian(s) . "Financial Need" is

d efi n e d as the d i ffe rence between total student " pe n ses fo r an academic year and the ex p ecte d studen t/family contrib ution and is a p r i m ary factor i n determ ining eligib i l i ty fo r most available aid. Fi nanci al a sist a nce is av a i la ble to all q uaI i fie d students regardless o f their sex, race, creed, color, age, national o r igi n ,




applicant later decides to reapply, the application will be reviewed with the group currently being processed. Aid, with the exception of College Wo rk-Study and Washing足 ton State Need Grants, is credited to the student's account when all paperwork has been completed. One-half of the award is disbursed each semester. Parents and students are responsible fo r t h e charges in excess of the award. In some cases aid is awarded in excess of direct university charges to help with living expenses. This money will remain o n t h e studen t's acco u n t u n less requested b y the student through the Business Office after classes have begun. Under federal regulations, adjustments to an award package must be made if a t u dent receives additional awards of aid from sources external to the u niversity. In every case, however, the Office of Fina ncial Aid and Scholarships will attempt to allow the student to keep as much of the award package as possible. By treating aid received fro m external sou rces in this way, additional awards from the university's resources can be made to other qualified students. RIGHTS AND RESPONSIBILITIES Tbe basic responsibility fo r financing an education al PLU rests with stu dents a n d their fa milies. In addition to expected contrib u t ions from parents or guardians. students are expected to assist by co ntributing from their savings and summer

fo r students who demonstrate need.

Application fo r federal Student Aid ( FAFSA)

by January 3 l . 2. Submit application materials fo r admission by February 15 so as to be o ffered admission no later than March 1 . 3 . Submit a PlU Financial id Application (applies only to tra nsfer stude nts and is available upo n request). 4. Submit a Fi na ncial Aid hnscri p t from a l l p r i o r insti t u tions attended ( t Tansfers o n ly).

COlltil1uillg Stude11ts 1 . Complete a r 揃e Application fo r Federal Student Aid (l'AFSA) by March 1 . 2 . ubmit a PLU Fi nancial Aid Application. An application fo r finaucial aid can be com pleted a l any time, but fa i lure to meet the priority date may result i n a denial of aid even though need is demon. trated. The Financi al Aid and cholarships Office will consider all applic, lIlts fo r any award for which they might be eligible. Aid awards

the reply date specified and who do not complete satisfactory payment arrangements will have their awards cancelled. If an

supplementary to the efforts of a student's family. It is provided

Freshma l/ Students and Tra nsfers omplete a

fo r fall semester

ear n i ngs. Fina ncial assistance from the u n iversity is therefore



and by January 1 5 fo r spring semester to hold their award.

a rc fo r

aile year and mOit a re renewable, provided re-application is completed all time, jil/anciai lleed con t i n l les. and satisfactory academic progress is ma i ntained. Aid is /lot all tomat ica lly renewed each year.

Additional rights and responsibilities of fina ncial aid recipients include:

1 . Signing and returning each financial a i d notice received. 2. Declining at any time a ny portion of an award.


Notifying the Office of F i nancial Aid and Scholarships in case of a change in credit hours attempted; a change in marital status; a change in residence ( o ff- campus or at home); or


receipt of additional outside scholarships. Providing a copy of their parents' income tax return (Form

1040) and/or a copy of their own individual income tax return if requested. ACADEM IC REQUIREMENTS/SATISFACTORY PROGRESS The policy of the u niversity is to allow students to co ntinue receiving fin ancial assistance as long as they are i n good standing. To do otherwise could cause a severe hardship o n students who must devote their efforts t o achieving satisfactory grade>. However, no institutional grants will be awarded to students with cumu lative grade point averages below 2 . 00. To be given priority for most types of financial aid, an applicant must be enrolled as a full-time student. For federal financial aid programs, a fQU-time student is defined as any


A I D -I I

p erso n enrolled fo r a m i nimum of twelve cred it hours or more p r semester. AdjustmCllts ill all award may be made during the year if llIl aid recipient has not eflrolied for a slIfficient 11 Ulnber of credit hours. Howe ver, .each firzancial aid rec ipi e n t m ll s t m a i n - tain satisfllctory academic progress in the course of study h e o r she is pllrHling ill order to (on till /Ie to receive fil1allcial ilss is tall ce awarded by the PLU

'Ifice of Financial Aid and .

cholarships. 1 'he

fol/owing minimum requiremel1ts are expected of each financial aid recipient.' To make satisfactory progress toward a degree, a n undergraduate s tu den t must co mpl e t e a minimum of 24 semes­ ter h o urs of credit each academic year. An dcademic ye a r is defined as the fal l semester, the J a n u ary term, and the pring semester. s part of t he ir undergraduate program, stud nts are required to co m p l e t e two i n te ri m terms (8 hours from courses numbered 300-320 ); junior and s en i o r transfer s t u de nt s need to c o m pl e t e. o n l y one in terim term (4 hours from the co u rses numbered 300-320). (The interim requirement will no longer p e rt a i n to students completing degrees after December 1 994 . ) Graduate students are required to co m pl e t e 1 6 seme t r hours of credit each academic year. For fu l l - t i m e undergraduate students re eiving fi nan cia l aid, t he m axim u m number of credit hour that may be at t e mp ted is 1 7 5 arId the maximum time-frame for completing a baccalaure­ ate de gree is five ye a rs . Even if a student changes his or her major or academic program, only 1 75 credit h o ur may be taken quali­ fy i n g for financial aid, and the maximum time-frame o f five years fo r re ce i v i n g a de g ree is enforced. Some financial aid pro­ grams (e,g., most university gift aid programs and \' a s h ing ton tate Need Grants) allow aid to be awarded a maximum o f fou r academic years. The maximum num ber o f fu ll-time graduate credit hours that m ay be attempted is 48, and the maximum time-frame to c o m p l ete a graduate d e g re e is three years. Provisions to accommodate non- tradit ional, part-time stu­ dents have also been estab lished. Un d e rgradu at e st udents who q u a l i fy for these provisions must complete a m i n i m u m of 1 2 credit hours each a c ade m i c year a n d achieve a degree within a maximum time-frame of tell years ( the maximum number of credits allowable is 350). ra du a t e students w h o q u o l i fy for these p ro v is io ns must complete a minimum of 8 cred i t hours each a ca d emi c year and achieve a degree within a maximum t i me­ frame of seven years (the m ax i m u m number of credits allowable i 56). T h e Registra r's ffice evaluate' t he tra n s cr i p ts of credits s ubm itt e d by transfer students and determines whi h cred its are a cce pt ab l e toward a degr e a t Pacific Lutheran nivc rsit y. Notification of the number of c re d i t s yet to be earned and of the ti m e- fr a m e i n whi h aid may be awarded is communi­ cated t o s t ud ent s during their first term of enrollment. T h e same procedure applies to all continuing �tudents who have never previously received fi n a nc i a l assi stance. The following grades do not indicate successful com p l e t i o n of academic credit ap pl i ca b l e toward a degree: E g r ad t: s, r ( Incom­ p l e te) , W (With drawal), EW ( Un o ffi c ial Withdrawal, recorded by the registrar), F ( failure) . Any courses in which such grades are re ce i ved are, however, included in the maximum n um b e r of credits that may be a t tem p te d ( 1 75 ) and a re considered to be within the maximum time-frame allowable for achieving a degree (five years). All credits earned by examillatioll, which arc a c ce pted as applicable toward a degree, will b i ncl u d e d in t h e l i m i tation o n credit which can b ' , t t e mp t e d while e l i g i b l e for fi n a n c ia l aid. ourses that arc repeated are also co u n t ed in the l i m itation on credit which can be a t t e mp te d . On ce a co urse has been CO lll ­ pleted sllccessfully, the credit ho urs earned are counted toward the m i ni m u m number of hours which can be taken under financial aid eligibil ity. I f a course is successfu l ly completed more than on e, it i s c ou n t e d only once toward a student's degree req u i re m e n ts and to wa rd the minimum n umber o f hours which can be taken under financial aid e l igi b i l i t y.

The u niversi ty's c u rriculum i nc lu de s very few n o n - c re d i t

courses or courses whose c re d i t ho urs J r e not applicable to a degree, b u t if any such courses a rc taken b)' fi nancial a id re c ip i n ts , the ho urs w il l be i nc l u d ed in the l i m i t a t i on on credits w h i c h may be 3 t lt: m p te d and w i ll be considered w i t h the: t i me­ fra me allowable fo r achie ing a d gr e_ In the event that a student fails t o meet the criteria for sarisfact ry p ro g r ss d u ri ng a p a rt i c u l a r sem ter, he or she \ i l l b pl a c e d on a ca demic a n d fi n ancial aid probation, fa i l u re to rega i n a t i sfacto r y academic status will result i n the ca ncel lation of fi n a n c i a l aid. nce " u n s a t i s factory progress" has been determined. st ude nts re ei e offi i,Il notification. Terminated stud n t s may apply fo r reinstatement by s u b m i t t i ng a letter of petition Lo t he Registrar's O ffice and s e cu r i ng a fac u l ty sponsor. The p e t i t i on a .nd spo nsor­ ship letters are submitted to tbe Faculty Com m i t tee on Admis­ sion and Retention o f S t u den ts for action. Students who are placed on financial a i d probation may petition fo r reinstatement of their financial aid in one of two ways: ( [ ) They may complete one se m e s t e r of ful l- t i me enroll­ ment usin g their ow n financial res o u rces, or ( 2 ) they may suI mit an app al to the Faculty o mmittee on Admission and Retention of Students documenting the unusual c i rcumstances which have made it impossible to make satisfa tory progress d u r ing the se mester in question. Summer sessions may als be used as terms during which II s t uden t on financial aid probation may rega in sat i s fa c tory academic status; h owever, students en ro ll i n g i n s u mm e r sessions for this p ur p o s e must use t h e i r o w n financial reSO UJ'ces and are ineligible fo r financial aid.


Regents' and President's SclJ.oiarships are awa r d e d to fres h m e n

in reco"nition of ou tstanding academic achievemt'nt and rvice in h i gh chool a n d in anticipation o f continued excellence at PLU_ Students who meet the foi l wing basic requirement� a re i nv i t ed to apply: admitted by Fe br u a r y 4; 3.7 or h i g h er grade p o i nt average; J [ 00+ S T o r 26+ ACT s co re s' top [ 0')10 of high sch o o l class; and .5. c i t izen o r obtaining itizcnship. The re ge n t s ' scholarship is a full tuition award and the president's scholarship is a $ 5, 000 awa rd. Both are renewable for three ye a rs with 3.3 u n iversity grade point average. Academic Achievement Awuds ranging between $ 2 , 1 00 and 4,000 each are an n ua l ly awarded to entering freshm<!fl in re c ogni ti on of o u t sta ndin g academic achievement in h i g h school and in a nt ic i p a ti n of su p e rior performa nce at PLU. To be a candidate, a student must have a strong high school gr ade point average, usually 3.25 or high r, and receive an offer of admi sion by M a r ch I. Financial need i s not a requ is i te and no o ther a p plic a tio n is required. Renewal fo r a total of six semesters is automatic provided a 3 . 3 grade point v e r ag e i maintained. Alumni Merit Awards" of $[ , 500 are g ive n to fu ll-time excep­ tional s t u de n ts who are 'ons and d a u gh t e rs of PL dl um ni/ae, To be considered, students must be entering [reshm:ln students and h a ve a cumulative h igh school grade point avera g e o f 3 . 5 or higher. Renewal c a n J idat 5 must have a m i n i m u m collegiat grade point average o f 3 .3 to be eligible. Financial need is not a determ i n i n g factor and co mp l et i n of a s p ec ia l application is recommended. Applicants m u st also be o ffered admission by April 1 to be considered.

$ 1 ,500 annually are gr a nte d to twen ty- four (24) st u de n ts who have co mp le t e d 45 sem es t e r ho u rs or more at PLU and are not re c e i vi n g allY other merit Jward. 0 se p a rat e appl ication is re qui r ed . Fa cu l t y will recom ­ mend students to a selection commi ttee who w i l l select rec ip i­ e n t s on tlle basis of sc ho l as t i c achievement, special talents, and un u s ua l service to t h e u n iv ersi t y. Faculty Merit Awards� of

m c z < m

-I -<

F I N AN C IAL AI D >­ fV'1 cr: uJ >

Provost's Merit Awards* of $ J ,750

are g r a.n te d

to o u tstJ.

t ran sfer students each ye a r. To be considered, a st u de nt must ha

e a

3 .6 grade point a v era ge i n at least 45 sem ester hours of

coll�gc level courses and receive a n offer of <ldm ission by

March I . A 3 ,,� grad e point a erage earned a t PL r enew al . No a pplication is neet: sar)'.

Q Club Scholarshjps"

is required for

are awarded to new f res h m en :lnd

t r:lnsfer s t u d e n ts on the basis o f academic achievement and

3.3 grad e p o i n t average


fi n a n c i a l need. Freshmen must have a


and test results reflecting high sc h o l a s t i c apt i tude . TraIlsfc r

req u i red to h ave an en t er i ng grade point a erage of 3 . 0 . Renewal req ui res good academic s ta n d i n g , a 3.0 g ra de point avera g e, ti me l y reapplication t h r'ough the FAFSA, and e v i d ence students ar

of ii nancial need.

with fi n a nc ia l nee ' who have exceptional abi. l i t )r in fo rensics, m u si , or athletics. The ca ndidate m u s t make

d ram a, art,

:lrrangcments w i t h the s cho o l o r de p a rt m e n t cone rned fo r an a u d i tion and/or perso llal i.Ilterview. In

tory. A recom mendation

s o m e cases

a ta p e or fil m

from a f.l culry member shou ld

be on fi le before Ln applica t i o n prior i.ty dat (see a p p l i cil tion pro ed u re) fo r a s tudent to be considere d for a Tal ell t A\ ard. Financial ne d is :t requisite fo r i n i t ia l receipt <Ind renewal. University Grants are awarded in combination w i th loans and emplo)rment to students w i t h fi na n ci a l need who dQ not qualify

for scholarship assis tance. I n terna t i o n al ludent rants are restrict d to thost: i n ternat jonal student who have provided lheir own resources for at least one year of attendance. ) ra n t s usually amount to Ie s than one- third of the cost of attendance. Alumni Dependent Grants' of $ 500 are given to fu l l - t i m e

students whose p a re nt ( s ) a ttended or more. To

st udent ( 1 2

PLU (PL ) for two semesters be eligible the alum n i d ep e n den t must be a fu l l - t i me

credit h o u rs per semester) and com p letc an applica­

t i o n in t h e Offi e of F i n a n ci. al Aid , nd Scholarships. Ju ne I is the deadline for request i n g this 'I'ant. Req uests t e C' ived thereafter w i l l be hon ored only as bud eted fu nd s permit.

• NOTE: 1/1 tile evellt 111at tile fun cost of a ttelldalice i s col'ered by merit OR /lo/H/eed bosed

olltside scholarship ossutallce. Imiversify

awards will be exte1lrled ill name 0111)' am/ will 110/

corry a mOlletary value. Ti,,, same will apply 10 Tui/ioTl Exc.lwlIge reciplellts.


Th following scholarsh ips have been p rov i de d by < l u m n i and friends of the u n iversity to h o n o r and/or m e m o r i a lize l oved ones and to assist worthy students. Also I i



sc h o l ar hips made

p o s s ib l e by corporations, fou n d a l i o ns, an d trusts. Elig i b i l i l Y fo r man)' of the-e wards r eq u i re co mpletion of the regular finan ­ c. i a l ai d ap p l i ca tio n , attai n m I1 t of sophomore sta nding, and

de Laration o f a major. Further i n formation on eligibil ity is ;lV,

il ble




ckerlcy Commun icnti ns M ''';t A\vard


Am rican Lutheran Church-Nurth


, r a n t Program for


cm orial Scholarship


Cheney Po unda t ion E d uca t i o n al

c h o l a r s hi ps

Chevron Merit Award" Ke n n et h

C h r isto ph rson/Walt r Pi l gr i m E n dowe d Sch ol a r

h i p in

Religion I a r i d gelBethlehem Lutberan C h u rch/Lutheran Brotherhood

E ndowe d Sc h u l a rs h i p

Dorothy Cone Mrmo6al/ Llltheran Brotherhood Endowed N u rs i n g S c h o l a rsh i p

Crest> Merit Award E. /ohl1 aJld Lorene E. Da h l be rg /r. Endowed

Irelle O.

Carl Dalk

cb o la rsh i p

Memorial S c h olarship found

I- I arnld and Frances

S. Dawson/l.utheran B ro t h e r h ood Endowed Nursing

Scholarship Deal Fa m i l y Endowed Scholarship i n the L i he r al Arts Ida

. Davis u n d

Dool ittle femorial S c h o l a r,h i p Capt. W. Larry and Mrs. /'l n ice D. Eichler Sch olarsh i p Fund arl and E t h c l Erickson /Lutheran Brolherhood Endowed Sc h o l an;hi p Leif 'rikson )ch.olarship

,erry and L i nd a Evanson Endowed Scholars h i p /\ l1 t h o n )' r. E)'ring l.iberal Arts S h larship l; a c u l t )' Memorial

cholarship F u n d

fai th Luthera n Church

of Po r t l a nd Scholar. hip F u n d

First I n terst a t e Bank Sc ho l a rs h i p P h rlai n e . and Ke n n eth L. Folson bndowed S cho la rsh i p

ho l a rs h ip ( fllr Norwegian students) L.e. Foss V l lemorial Sc h o l a rship F u c h s feo u n d a t i o n Sc h o l arsh ip Henrietta B u t ton aelz 1 ursing Scho l a r s h i p Fund Bertha Gilbertson Scholarship John M . G il be r tson Founda t i o n Scholarship Edna M . Gorder/l.utheran Broth r h o u d Endowed Education S c h o l a rsh i p james M. G r i b bo n Scholarship Fern R. 'rimm/LUl'hera n Brotherhood Endowed S c h o l a rsh i p Henry Foss

Gulsrud F a m ily Scholarsh i p Haas Founda tion Arnold Hagen Education

ScJ10IaL h i p

Barbara Perry H a l ey 'v{e mo ri a l Scholarship

F r .l nk and Nellie l laley E n dowed Sch o l a r s h i p llar Ha l vo rse n Scholars h i p J o h a n n e ,yfa rie Hansen ndowed Memorial Scholarsh i p Nels Marcus Hansen EndO\ e d Memorial cholarsbip W. H . Hardtke Seminary Stud ent c h o l rsh i p Fund Bri a n Harshman Memorial Sc h o lars h i p

Erl i n g and Clara Haugo Sc h o l a rs h ip Walter A. Heath Charitable Trusl

Vi. H u be r

H u l t g re n

S ch o l arsh i p S ho l a rs h i p



LvI-: and Iris jacob,on Endowed S ch o l a rsh ip

john.,o n / Larson Scho lar shi p gne, Sol�m Johnson/Luthe.ran Brolherhood

ur i n g Endowment

. johnson/Lutheran B rot h er ho od Eclm,rned ur Lng Scholarship T. t. J o h nso n Sr.lLu\Jleran Brotherhood Endowed Sc h o l arshi p l.inda B . Karl. e n Music Sch ol a rs h ip Philip G. and Alice L. Kayser Scholarship F u nd Elizabeth B. Kdly Endowed ho l a rsh i p Anne Kcnsrud Memorial S ch o l a rs h i p Key Ba n k o C Wash i ngron Endowed Sch o o l or Busi ncs Sc h o l a rs h i p Rt' . Karl K i l i a n Ivkl11mial Fund Pearl

I tary Jane Aram Scb ol a rs h i p Fund ward of Excellence (Pacifi Coca-Co la B o tt l in g

Terry I r w i n Scholarship

Judge Bert il E. Jolwson Sc ho l a rs h i p

A n t h ropology Al um n i Award r th ur Memorial

Memorial Vocal Music Scho l a rsh i p

Dr. a n d M rs. W. B. Bums

Ole M. Jennestad Memorial , dlOlarsh ip

A nde rs() n Memorial S chob rsn i p and jean ie nder OLl Sc h ol a r s h ip [' i n ner

lenson Sc h o l a rs h i p

Hed v i "

Clwster Buhl

S . E. Idaho I nce n t i ve Scholarship Fund Disl rict Scholarship

M i nor:ity Stllden t s


B r u n ner Memorial

Buchanan 'Fa m i l ' E ndo\ ed ScholarS h i p


A m eric a n Lutheran C hu rch-Schubrsh i p Jnd


Donald A.


Allen more Registered Nursing Scholarship


Betty Brown Scholarship

H opp er Memorial

Aid As ociation for Lurh rans S ch olarsh i ps

AIW11Ili Scho\;Jrshir

Agnes Brodabl Music Sc h o l arsh i p


Need-Based Talent Awards a re granted to full- t im e students

is sat isfa

Richard J. and Olive Lew e l len Blanda u Scholar. h ip a n d Loan Fund Lu t he r & D i l l ie Q u ale Boe Education Sch ol a r�hi p Havana Bradner Memori. I Scholar. h i p j o r u n n B re i la nd Scho l a rs h ip F und


M a rguer i t e and Wilmer Boer Scholarship

F. Baycr Memori a l Scho larsh i p ,I inorlt)' Scholarship Pa u l M. Bl'l lamy M u si • -holar h i p Bi nd r Mt:ll1orial Sch o l a rsh ip


B. E. R .G.

A l fred and All e Bish op/Lutheran Brotherhood En dowed Sc h ol a rs h i p

IJliam Kilworth Foundation Scholarship Fund

Me lvi n Kleweno Memorial Scholarship


A I D -I

Kluth Endowmeol [or J J igh Achievers


U11etics and Physical




Ji mmy Knudsen v l kmorial Scholar hip Gladys iV\. Knutzen f;ndowed S holarsh i p Hilda S. Krnmer Musical Appre..: iation Scholarship Louis and Leona Lamp ' b olars hip forge Lanning Mem riallLutheru n Brotherhood Endowed Scholarship Ehba and E. Arthur larson ursing holarship Ludvig and Clara Larson Scholarship rl.lI1do a nd Myrtle Lee/Luth ran Brotherhood Endowed Scholar hip uy j. and Louise Leesman cholarship LHClLutheran Brotherhood Endowed , cholarship M r. and Mr,. W. Hilding Li ndberg Endowed Scholarship Richard E. and A n i ta H i l lesland Londgren/Lutheran Brotherhood Endowed Scholarship Lulhcr<l l1 Brotherhood Legal R .serve L i fe Insurance Co. Scholarship Lutherun Brotherhood Scholarship Constance B. L on Scholarship james B. Ma ly on Scholarship Joe March inek Memorial Scholarship hll1d Math mat ics cholarship Military Order of the Pu pic Heart Award Fred and �arolyn :vl ills Memorial Scholarship Lila Moe S holar'hip Dr. Richard D. Moe Fndowment for the Arts Kalharine '. Monroe Scholarship Foresti ne \Vis Monsen Memorial Piano Scholarsh i p L d lia n . Morris Memorial Scholarship Murray- Daltielson Management AI ard Gladys Mortvedt Voluntary Service Award Richard p. cil� Memorial Fund corge and Alma Nelson Endowed Scholar hip Fund Harold ,md )'Ivia Nelson Endowed Scholars h i p Lars erland Norwegian Scholarship Milton a n d Hazel Nesvig International Student Scholarship M r \Dd M TS. Gu� H. Nieman Memorial �cholar,hip Margaret i istad Iv\cmorial Scholarship Nan Nokleberg Memorial/Lutheran Dwtherhood Endowed Scholarship rville Nupen Nursi ng S holarship 'lifford O. and Ella L. Olson En dowed Athletic/Music Scholarship Linda Nelson O lsonll.uthcran Brotherhood Endowed Nursi ng cholarship Robert E. Olson Memorial Roger Paetcl Memorial Scholarship Katherine R . Parri�h Memorial Nursing Scholarship .ordon Pearson Memorial Marvin ]. and Ruby L. Pen nington Schobrship Pt'p� i - ola ornpan)' Merit cholarship Mr. and I rs. lester Peter Scholarship (Oregon srudl� nts) Blanche Pflaum Scholarship PL Women's lub ' cholarship PL S Bu iness Scholar hip Nora I. Po nder Scholarship Fund Portland 1\ rea Alumn i . cholarship Presser Foundation Scholarship � uget Sound Bank S ho lal'ship Lyle uasim �cholnrship Anders a n d Emma Ramstad Award Re rcational quipment, In . ( RE I ) Kathryn Ree e Memorial Schobrship Dr. Walter and Joan Redman Schwindt Scholur 'hip i mun <md M arvel Reinbold Scholarship ndowment Charlotte & Lucian Rice ndowed Sch oi arship William O. I< ieke Fndow d Scholarship (Students from ash mere, Leavenworth, and Wenatch�e ) Frank Russell Co mpany Endowed Scholarship Mark Salzman Me morial Marie S heck General Endowed Scholarshi p Johannes and Aleen Schiller Endowment Fund <;EA-HRST Balik Minority Scholar h ip Margaret Shipley Endowed Scholar�hip in Accounting Siqueland o u t h Scholarship ( 'orlll Pacific DistTict Luther eague) killfu;r Foundation Scholarship lames R. Slater Endowed Schola rsh ip lame Slater Biology - R T Scholarship France. orton Smith End owed Scholarship Smith Endowment Scholarship Fund . •



Haldor 1'. SpolliJeim Scholarship I'und Ethel Squires S holarships William and ,trid Slancer Endowed Scholarship in Engineering Science Dora Stangland Memorial Scholarship Steele - Ree,e 5 holarship EndOl'l m nt Genevieve Sttlberg Endowed Scholar.'hip Em tUa Storaasli Award Tacoma Tiger ' Com m u n j t y Fund Scholar,hip Harvey & Helen Tengc dul Endowed Scholar hip Edvin and Ida Tingelstad Memorial Scholarship Evel y n Tor en Memorial Education Scholarship Tylcr Memorial ursing �cholarship Karl fe r Memorial , dlo l a r ' h i p David tnlel a n d Memorial SdlOl<1rship len Valle Memorial Scholarship WadelHi nderlie Scholarship Fund Ina H. Wake r moria I Scholarship Washi ngton Statt' Automobile Dealers Association Scholarship Western Washington Fair Association ScholarshiJ-l Wick Family/Lutheran Brotherhood Endowed S.:holarshil' Randall Yoakum Endowed Scholarship Ralph and Cell' t.:ne Yoder ;vien1Clrial S holarship Scholarship

Partner ' Endowments

Ankrim/Lutheran Brotherhood Endowed Scholars hip ( E co n o m i c s ) Class of 1967 Scholarship ( Dt'scL'ndants of Class) IV!arv and Dorothy Hanh man Scholarship (Church Leadership/Athletics) Douglas Herland Memorial Scholarship ( rew) Paul Liebelt Scholarship ( Mathematics) Gene and Marian LUlldgaard/Lutheran Brolherhood Endowed Schola.rship (Ath letics) Dr. Maurice and Patricia Skones Scholarship ( Vocal Music) Shi rley Zurtluh/Lutheran Brotherhood Endowed Scholarship ( Business) mest M .


The Federal PelI Grant Program is a Federal program des i g ne d to provide the " foundation" fo r a financial aid package. [t is i n tended for students with h igh financial need. If the Student Aid Re port (SAR) Y()ll r ceivc i n dicates eligib i l i ty, ,1 1 1 c op i e s sh( Lild be sent to the Office of Financial Aid and S holarships.

Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grants (SEOG) are available to stu dents who have exceptional fi nanc i a l need . G ran ts range from $ 1 00 to 4,000 per year. The SEOG must be matched w i th !east an equivalent amount of o t h e r k i n d s of aid (grant, loan, o r > m p loym e n t ) . - l i gibility is determi ned by federal gu iel lines.

Washington SIBte Need Grants are ava i lable to eligible residents of the State o f Washington who attend PLU. These gra nts a re i n tended for students with h iuh need. On the basis of guidelines established by the Higher Education oorci i nating Board, students with s peci fie d need a s computer from the l'AFSA a.r s u b m i tted to the S tate fo r consideration. Present p ro ce d ure does not re q u i r e it separate application. Army ROTC Scholarships are available for (udents in aU isc ip l i ncs and are not based on need. Scholars h ips pay up to 80% of tuition. Books, fees. and s u pp lies are also covered. R cipients also recei e a $ 1 OO/month stipend ( u p to $ 1 ,000 per school yea r). As r fall I l9 l new advanced de ignee cholarsbip recipients also receive additional cholarship aid from Pacific Lutheran niverSity. ROTC scholarship recipients applyll1g fu r t he institutio nal ma tch must also file the Free App l ic at i on for Federal Students .id ( FAFSA ) . Con tact the ffice of Adm issions or Financial Aid for det'l i ls. STUDENT EMPLOYMENT



�mployment opportun i t i e on cam p us and i n the

com m u n i t ), that can help students meet col lege expens es .

Priority for placement is given to those students ",ho have de m o n s t rated financi I ne d and have been awarded a work­ study el igibility. Over 900 students work on campus each year. The un iversity's a n l111al student payro ll exceeds $ 1 ,800,000. The

I rn c z < rn

-i -<



>­ I-

average on-ca mpus j b approx i m a tes eleven hour per IV ek.


and produces around $ 1 ,528 d u r i ng an academic year.

Federal loans are obtained through a bank, credit union, or

II studenl p l a ce m e n ts fo r o n -cam pus an I off-campus jobs

> z


h a n dl e d by the Career Service s Office. Actual h i r i n g of

c h ol a rs hi p s . Loan fu nds a re sent

to the un i ve r s i t y by th e lender .

times as vacancies oc ur.

an e n t r a n ce coun. cling session before re c eivin g the first dis­

The Fe d e r a l College


t h e Office of Financial aid and

st uden ts is d o n e a t the be g i n n in g of t h e ,cb o o l yea r und at other mk-Study Prog r a m offe rs o n l y on­

ca mp u employment. To participate, stud nts must be eligible I

savings and loan association o n an appli cation that is certified by

fo r work-study.

The State Work-Study Program o ffe rs onl off-c a m p us work opport u n i t ies with p rofit-making and non-profit mpl o yers. Positions must be related to stude nts' acade m ic interests. 10 participate, st udents must be eligible fo r wo rk-study.

t u dent borrow rs must attend

b u rsement at PLU.

Federal Stafford Student Loan - This program provides two types of loans: subsid ized Stafford Loans and unsubsidized Staffo rd Loans. Su bsi dized l o a ns are

b as e d on financial digibilit)f,

and the Federal government pays the interest while the student is i n schoo\. Unsub. idized loans are not based on financial eligi­ biJity, and the student is re spon s i b l e for the i n terest whiJe i n

school. T h e student may receive a combination of both l o a n s , lip to the a n n u a l maxi m u m : Undergraduate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ' 2,625-$5 ,500


. . . . . .. . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ........


he aggregate maximum is $ 2 3 ,0 00 fo r u nderg ra d uate.s,

$65,500 fo r graduates. Repayment o f p ri nc ip aJ is deferred u n til the studen t ceases to be enrolled


least half-time. The i n terest rate is v a r ia b l e

on the 9 1 ·day Trea s u ry Bill p l u s 3 . 1 %) with a cap of 9°A,.


federal Plus Loan - This loan i s fo r parents o f a depen dent s tu d e nt . The loan has a variable interest rate ( based on the 52 week Treasury Bill, plus 3 . 1 % ) with a cap o f 1 00/0. Repaymc n t begins sixty


days after t h e fi rs t disbllr ement, a l t h o u g h a fcw

l e n d e r s wiI.l allow i n t e rest only payments to he made while the student is attend ing school a t least ha l f- li m . Either parent may b o rrm this l o a n fo r a s t u de n t . Max i m u m e l i g i b i l i t y is l i m ited to

the student's cost of attendance less fi nancial aid received.

Alternative Loan - Many reputabl private l e nd ing organizat ions provide fa m il ies with a means to finance a stu­ dent's edu catiun. Most p rivate p ro gram s offer I


in terest, no

collateral loans that are based on individual need, credit capa­

LOANS Ma.n)f students inves t in t h e i r fu ture by b o n-owi n g educational fun ds. Low interest, deferred loans make it possible to pay s o me of the cost of ed u cat ion at , later t i me. Loan are ften i ncl u de d with gift assi ·tanee a n d work to form


fi nancial aid pa ckage.

Federal Perldns [.oao (fonnerly National Direct Student Loan-NDSL) - E l igib i l i ty is determined by the P LU ffice of ina ncial Aid and holarships fro m the PAF and is based o n need. Mo t loans range between $ 1 , 00 0 and $ J ,500 a n n u ally, and ca n n o t exceed $6,000 fo r t h e first two ye.ars of school, n o r an aggr ga t ' of $ 1 5,000 for an undergraduate d gree. No interest ac rue.s and no payme nts on principal are n ecess a ry until ix

city, a n d school costs. Many al low d e fer m e n t of pri ncipal u n t i l a fter the s tu d e n t ceases full-time enro l l ment T h e O ffice of Fina.l1cial Aid and Scholarships has avai lable a s a m p l e list o f private lenders.

VETERANS AFFAIRS AND VOCATION.AL REHABIL ITATI ON Paci fi c Lutheran nivers i t " academi pro "rams of Study are approved by the Wash i n gto n tatc H igher Education Coordinat­ ing Boa rd's State App ro v i n g Agency ( H ' ' N�AA) fo r enrollme nt of persons eligible to receive educational benefits under Title 38 and Ti tl e 1 0 USc.

Veterans, widows, and children of deceased veterans who wish to inquire about their eligibility for benefits should contact the

month a fte r a recipient ccas to be a half- t i m e stude n t enrolled in an e l ig ib l e insti tution. S i m p l e i n te r est is 5% d u r ing the repaym nt p riod. Up to 1 00% c a n ce ll at i o n is ava i l a b le for tc ach i ng the disabled or in cer ain low ineum area . Rep ayment

Re g i o n a l Office or the Veterans Administra t i o n , Federal 13u i l d in g ,

may be deferred because o f fu rther full-time study or erv ice in

ma king application for benefits. S t ude n ts are required to register

the armed fo rces, VIS

, o r the Peace Corps. Exit i nterv iews are

re q u i red by the Busi ness ( tfl eE' upon l e a v i n g PLU



grades, and d i p lo ma are withhe l d .

Nursing Student Loan (NSL) - A � de m l lo a n p rogra m l i mit d to student w i t h need who are accepted fo r enroLlment or a re enro l led in th • S h o ol of Nursing ( usually not before the sopho­ more ye ar) . The NSL has provisions s i m i l ar to the ! erkins Loan. Up to $4 ,000 is available, dependent on federal fu nding. Loans average $2,500. Repayment b eg i ns one year after graduation. Partial o r ful l cancel latio n is possible und r certa i n con ditions.

9 1 . Second Aven u e , Seattle, Washington 98 1 74. Persons wit hin


tate o f Was h i n gt o n may t e le p h o n e 1 -800·827- 1 000.

Students should gain admission to the un i ver s i ty befo re at the u n iversity's Ve terans Affairs O ffice before each term to insure contin � o u s rec e i p t of benefits.



F E E S ---1 :r:

pay d irec t l y, for immunizations, l a b work, and p rescrip t ions that

TUition and Fees

are re q u i re d .


The following charts list tuition by credit hour

($4 1 6 un dergraduate and graduate ) .



Tuition rate (o r hours above 1 6 i n fal l or spring semester

$208.00 per cred i t hour.

is one-half the regular rate or -


1 6 hours x $4 1 6 per h o u r . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .... ..

. ..


.. .




... . .




$6656.00 $832.00 $7488.00


( 1 6 hours x $4 1 6 per hour) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 ho urs @ h al f- pr i c e . ... . . . .. . . . . . ...... ... . ..



. .....







total of 20 hours


Unpaid Fi n e s such as p arki n g violat ions and o verd u e l ib rary books will ap pear on the m on t h l y sta ement. Students are encou raged to pay t h es e fines as i .n c u r r d to avoid late fees and handling ch a rge A one-t i me Graduation Fee of $30 is charged to baccalaureate and ma s te r' d gree cand i d at es A fee of $ - is charged to rep l a r<e losl, damaged, or stolen student [D's. This must be paid at Re i s t ra r's ffice. The fee fo r official transcripts is $5 fo r each transcrip t . .


SPECIAL INFORMATION ptional student hea l th and a cci de n t insu rance is available th ro u gh an i n d ep e n de n t carrier. A bro c hure is a va i la b l e from the Student L i fe O ffice.


4 hours x $4 1 6 per hour .. .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .... . . . . . . . . . . . :

$ 1 664.00

4 hour x $4 16 per hour . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . + 4 hou rs @ half p r i c e . ... . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . .

$ 1 664.00 $832.00 $2496.00













total of 8 hours

Parking permits are fre e and required for all student vehicles. Fa,ilure t reg i ste r may result in a fine. ROOM AND MEALS

Students who are under 2 1 a nd are taking J 2 or more credit hours must live and eat meals on campu s. There are exce ptions:


I f one lives a t hom e with a parent, legal guard i a n, or spouse

2 . If on

SPRING 16 ho u rs x $4 1 6 per hou r . . . .. . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .... .



( 1 6 ho u rs x $4 1 6 per hour) .................................... . + 4 hours @ half-price .................................... ........

= =


total of20 ho"rs

$6656.00 83 2.00 7488.00

tu rn s 2 1 before October 1 5 (fall semester) or Ma rc h 1 5

( s p ring semester)

3. If one has attai ned senior status ( 90 cred it hours) before the beginning of t11<:' semester A p pe al s may b e addre 'sed to th Re idential L i fe O ffice. Room - Each semester, the ro om charge (double occupa ncy) is $ 1 , 1 2 0 . If a student resides on c a m p u s either fal l or spring semes ter, then the room fee is wa ived d u r ing the Ja nu a ry term.




. . . ..


1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $4 1 6 2 ...... , ........ $832 3 .................. $ 1 ,248 4 .................. $ 1 ,664 5 . . ... . . . . $2,080 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $ 2,496 7 . . . . ..... . $2,9 1 2 8 .................. $3,328 9 .................. $3,744 1 0 . . . . . .. . . . ...... $4, 1 60 ......





... ..



11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21

................. $4,576 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $4,992 . . . . . . . . . ........ $5,408 ................. $5,824 . . . . . ............ 6,240 . . ............... 6,656 . . . . . . . . . . . . ..... $7,072 ................. $7,488 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $7,904 . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . $8,320 . . . . . . . .......... $8,736

2 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $9, 1 5 2

2 3 . . . . . . . . . . . ....... $9,568 2 4 ............. . . . . . $9,984 25 . . . . . . . . . ..... .. $ 1 0,400 26 . . . . ... . . . ' 1 0,8 1 6 27 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $ 1 1 ,232 28 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $ 1 1 ,648 2 9 . . . . . . .......... $ 1 2,064 30 . . . . . . .... . . . . . . $ 1 2,480 3 1 ................ 12 ,896 3 2 ................ $ 1 3 ,3 1 2 ..




NOTE: Off Campus Program students pay a program fee (not PLU tuitio1l) specific to the i1ldividual program sites. Contact the Center for ]1Iternational Programs for complete details.


Students who test out of a class (Credit by Examination) w il l b e ch a r ged 25 p erc e nt of regular tuition for that class ( $ 1 04 per cred it hour. REGISTERING AFTER ADDIDROP

Students wh o regi s te r after t h e last day of Add/Drop will be ass e ss ed an administrative handling fee o f $50 for each course

added. Students who drop a class after t he A ddlDro p deadline waive their ri gh t to a refund. COURSE FEES

Some courses require additional fees; they will be added to the tuition total. The class schedule available from the Re g ist rar's

O ffi ce prov i d e s i n formation about any fees that may a ffect an

individual schedule. Music and education students should note: The Private Music Lesson Fee is $ 1 25 for on e credit or $200 for two or more credits per medium.

A one-time Education Placement Fee of $40 i s ch arge d in the

last semester of the B.A.E. program. MISCELLANEOUS FEES

Health Services will ch a rge a student's account, or a student m ay

The rates for s i ngle occupancy of a d o ub l e room are a$ follows:

$ 400 per s e m ester for a s t u d en t who has fewer than 90 credit hours ( se n ior sta n di n g) , or w h o is under the age o f 2 1 by ctober 1 5 fo r faU sem " ter, March 1 5 for spring s e m e st er. The cost is $200 per semester fo r students who meet these c r i teria. Spedal Hou6iog- Needs - Special housing requests may b e ad d res s e d t o the

Res id en t ial Life Office.

A l im i te d number of s i ngle rooms are available at variable ra t e.5 . Lim ited h o usi n g is available d u r i n g wlnter and s p ri ng breaks at a cost o f 9 per d a y A l i m i t e d number of two-and three-bedroom family housing u n i t s are avai l a b le. Rent ranges from $ 1 60 to $400 per mo n th. A $ 1 00 da ma ge deposit is required with the a pplicatio n and a $ 1 00 c le a n i ng d e p o sit is required upon occupan cy. .

Meal Plans - Res idential (on ca mp u s ) students may se l ect from the first three meal p l a ns listed below. Commuter (off cam pels) s t u d e n t s may select from any of the fiw meal p la n s. The c os ts of

the p lan s vary; see below for details.

Meal Plan 1 i ncl u des 20 meals per week (b reakfast, l u n cb, and d i n n e r six day s , and b runch and dinner on Sunday) . FalJ . . .... . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . ... . . . . . . . . . .. 1 ,0 1 8 .00 January . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .... .. . . .. .. . . . . . $2 1 2 .00 Spr i n g ...... ................................ " . . ..... .............................. $ 1 ,0 1 8.00 .












. .

.. . . . . . . . . .




. .




. . ....






T TAL: $2,248.00

Meal Plan 2 a ll ows the choice of any I S meals per week . Fall $9 74.00 January .... ... . ......................... . . . . . . . . . . . .. .. . . .... ........................ $2 1 2 .00 S p ring . .. .. . . .. . . . . . . . . . . .. . .. . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . $974.00 . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .




. . ....





. .






TOT L: S2, I 60.00

Meal Plan 3 lets one s e l e ct :lny 10 meals per week. FalJ . . . . .. . . .. . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . 8 1 3.00 January . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . .... . . . . . . . ......... . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . .................. $2 1 2.00 Spring ..... ....................... . . . . .. . . .. . . . . . . . . . . .... ................ . . . . . . . . . . . . $ 8 1 3 .00 .






. .


. ...

.. . ......



TOTA L: $ 1 ,S38.00


c z <

m VI ---1 -<



Commut r st ud nts o n e belol




from the p l an .Ibove r select

y cboo


Com muler students must contact Food Services each

semester to beg in their meal p hm of (hoi e.


Meal Plan



on sisls (I f weekday lunche ti n l y.

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . .. . .. . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

$34 1 .00

J an u a ry .. . . . . . . . . .. .. . . ... . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . S 7 8 . 00 S pri n g ......... . . . . . . .. . . . .. ........... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ............ . . . ...... . ... .... $341 .00 TOTAL: $760.00


Meal Pla,./ 5 lets one select any five meals p e r week.

fal l ....... . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . .. .. . . .................................. . . . . . . . . . $394.00 January . . . .. . . . .. . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . $90 .00 Spring . . . . . . . ... . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . .. . $394 .00 . . ...







. . .. . . . . . . . .

. ..






. . .








. ..



. . . . . . . . ... . . .. ..

......... .


TOTAL: SR78.00 Januur Term Only Room and Meals


during the J a n u a ry term only, the room c h a r ge will be 5250 a n d mea l s w i l l co · t $2 1 2 , t' o t a l i n g $462. If a student lives




ne d to m a ke a $200 a d va n ce paym nt to co n fi r m their o ffer of admission. The p ayme n t is refundable u n t i l May 1 5 fo r f: I I , D mber 1 5 for the J an u a r y term, and Janumy 15 for spring. Requests for a r fund mu s t be made in w ri t i n g to the Ad mis ion Office. Returning s( lldell t wanting to reserve a room for t he fo llo w in g year must m a k e a $200 advance p ay m e n t The paym e n t w i l l be credited to the fo llowing year's account upon occupancy. The advance payment is 100'Va refu ndable by making a written re qu est to the Re jd ntial L i fe O ffice by July l . A 50% refund will be gra n te d i f the wr i tt e n re quest is re cei ved a fter July 1, b u t by August l . 0 refu lld will be gr a n te d aft r August l . .

Schol rships, gran ts , talent award s, a n d 10:l1lS awarded b y PLU's Offi c e of Financial Aid and Scholarships, and outside id ( from frat er na l orga n izations, h i g h . h lois, c hurch e s , etc.) sent

dLrectly to PLU are c re di t ed to the stu dent's a ccount. Awards over $ 1 00 w i l l b� equally divided between fu l l and January term/ s p r i ng se m esters. wards under $ 1 00 will be applied to o n e semester only. Outside aid will not be , pp l i e d to the account until t h e fu n ds are rec e i ved by PL . NOTE: Because fi"al/cial aid is equally divided between fall and Jamulr}' term/spring semesters, the cost is gellerally Ir ig /re r for tire

mrd eat.s



registersfor a lamla ry tJ!rm course

Perkills and Nursillg St lldell t Loall reci p ients are requ i re d to si n for their l(Jans in the Student Acco u n ts and Loa n D e p a rt m e nt at the beginning

Federa l

Additional fu nds o r benefits from any s o u rce (such as free or partial. room and meals) received or pro m i s ed , before or a fter a student is a wa rd e d aid from PLU, mu t be reported. Actual class re g i tration that pr od u c es a l owe r tuition rate than al1ticipated may reduce a financial aid a,vard. By law, the O ffice of Financial Aid and Sch o lar s h i ps is re q uire d to make ad j u s t m e nts to prevent over awards. Refund and Repa-yment Policy Acoording to Federal DisdosUl'e Requirement

Detailed i n formation on the refund a n d/ o r repayment calcula­ tions may be ob tained through the Office of Financial Aid an d Scholarships. See below fo r g u i d el i n e s .

TITLE IV Refund - If any p rtion of an account was paid with TTTLE-IV Federal Financial Aid, a refu n d will be p rora t e d to each of the financial aid p rograms in the foll ow i n g order: Federal Pamily Educa tional Loan P ro gra m s (FPELP ) , ( Federal Staffo rd, U n s ub s i di zed Federal Stafford), Federal Perkins Loan, Federal Pell Grant, Federal SEOG, other TfTLE IV funds, non -federal a i d ( i nsti tu t i o n a l aid, state aid, and other).

TITLE N Repaymen t - Repayment of fu nds

received from TITLE Financial Aid pr og ra m s may be necessary in instances where fWlds were rec e i ved from an a c co u n t after a l l c h a rge s were satis fi e d . A federal formula will be u se d to determine th e a ppro p ri a te paymen t. Funds that need to be re p a i d will be re t u r n e d to their source in the foll owi n g order: SEOG, Federal Perkins, Pell, o th er TITLE IV, non-federal TITLE IV funds ( institutional aid, state aid, and o ther). IV



Students must pay at the t i me of registration or be enrolled in an


la/ruary term/spring semester if one

It is t h e student's responsihilit y to i n form the O ffice of F in a n ci a l Aid a n d Scholarships of any chan ge s in financial status.

of each semest r.

Family Educational Loan Programs

( FFELP) ( th se are Federal Stafford, nsub idized Federal tafford a nd Federal Parent Plus), obtain d t h ro u g h banks and other lending institu­ ti ns, will be appl ied a fter the proper en d orse m en t h y the st u de n t or p a r nt. L1 nds not e n d ors e d w i t h i n 45 da ys of receip t will be returned to the lending instit u tion as defined by federal reg u l a t i on s A 4 percent processing fee is sub tracted from tbe l oa n by the lending institution. .

SLate ofAlaska LoallS mll. t be endo rse d in

the Financial Aid Office h efo r e the fu n ds can b deposited i n t he student's account. Recipie nts of the following fu n d s must go to the Fi nancial A i d Office tu pick up th e i r check. Th check is made paya b l e to the student. Those funds are: Washington S t a t e Need Grant, Wash­ i ngton Scholars, Nursing Conditional, Paul Douglas Sc h o l a rs h ip ,

Educational Opportunity rant, and Futu re Teachers. St udents who ecure part- t ime employment as pa r t of their fin a n c i a l aid (work stud, ) receive monthly paychecks b, sed on work performecL Payche cks may be p icked up at the cashier's window at the B us i ne$s ffi e on payda)t and ma y be applied to u n pai d student accou nt bal an ces.

a p pr ov ed payment plan at the time of re g ist ra t i on . Option 1 - Tho se who pay early may qualify fo r Lute bucks , coupons red e e mah le at the PLU Bookstore. To rece ive Lute­ b ucks, paymen t is due in full by July 29 fo r fall semester and December 22 for the Jan uary t e rm/s pr i ng OtherwLe , payment for Option 1 is due in fu l l by August 15 fo r fal l and January 1 5 for January term/spring. .

Any new student or curren tly en rolled student at PLU whose prior owing balance is paid in fllll and who has an acceptable credit

history with PLU call apply fo r the followillg pia/!:

Option 2 - PLU B ud ge t Plan al lows a s t u de n t to p a y for

a full ye a r of s t u d y over t e n months, i n te re s t free. There is a $50 set· u p fe . To estimate payments, a d d to ge t h er tuition. room, board, and fees fo r the year. Deduct financial aid (exc l ud ing work study and Parent Plus Loans) and divide by 1 0. A payment schedule will be p rep a re d once the payment request form is c o m p le te d and returned witb the $50 set- up fee. An eight m o n th Budgd Pl a n is ava ilahle fo r payments from September to April. A $75 set-up fee is required. Budget Plans are also available for summer only, with a set-up fee of $25 aod fo r fall or Ja n ua r y term/spring only, with a s e t - u p fee of $50. Contact the St u de nt Acco unts O ffice fo r information, or c o m p let e the Budget Plan form. If fi n a nc i a l a id, credit hours, or room and meal cbarges change, the Student Accounts Office should he c o n tac ted fo r a revision of the monthly payment s c h edu l e Revisions due to financial a i d c ha n ges can be made at any time; all other revisions can be m ade a t the student's request or after the add/drop p e rio d .



L I F E --I I

HOW TO MAKE PAYMENTS Mail payments with statement remittance ,tub to P LU, Box 2 1 1 67, Seattle, WA 98 1 1 1 - 3 1 67, or deliver payments to the PLU Business fflce in the Administration Building, Room 1 1 0, Checks should be made p aya ble to Pacific Lutheran Univer­ sity, The stu lent's name a .n d account number (social security I1llffiber) should be inclu led w it h all payments. A S I S fee is charged on a ll returned c h ec ks. VISA a n d MasterCard are accept ed . An automatic mo n thl y payment may be a rranged w ith the Student Accounts Office. An automatic payment fo rm will be mailed out a t the student's re q u es t ; this will eliminate calling each month to ch a r ge pa ments. No fe e is charged for this service. Please DO 'OT mail cash. A periodically adjusted discount rate will be c h arge d against Canadian currency. Interest and Late Fees Payment Option 1 - A 1 .5% monthly default interest is charged

on balances 30 days past due. Payment Option 2, Budget Plan - Payments

received a fte r t he 20th of th month will be assessed a $25 per month l a t e fee .

Missed Payments

Failure to make minimum mon thly payments as agreed will result in removal from a payment plan and the acco unt will be placed on fi nan c ia l hold. Student a cco u n ts 60 d a ys delinquent may be turned over to an o u tside collection agenc)'. A 40% charge will be added to such a n a c co u n t to cover collection cost.


Financial Hold If a student account is past due, it will be p la c e d on " financial hold." Basic u niversity pri v il eges will be denied until the account is settled, including the ability to re gi s ter, receive co p ie s of a transcrip t or diploma, o r cash checks.

Re s id e nc e h a ll and meal refunds will adhere to the tenns of the Residential Life contract. Students who completely wi t h d raw from the univer 'ity wiJI be refunded the semeSler room charge as follows:

< m

• •

After the fifth week of semester: no


• •


refu nd

A pro-rated meal refund will be made for necessa r w ith­

drawal from the university. Meal plan refunds may be considered for meals missed due to working but will not be m ade for a.ny university trips, such as music tours or athletic events. Student requests for a tuition refund related to a wit h d rawa l for medical rcas on s are con. id r d on an individual basis by the vice president for student l i fe. :iuch re q u e s t s require documenta­ tion from a physician or the director of H eal t h ervices . Refund of overpayments or excess fina n c i al aid unds 'armot begin to be p roc esse d until after the last day of the add/drop pe ri o d. Refunds may be re q ue s ted by fi lling o u t , Refund Request Form, which is available in t he Studenr A cc o u n t s Office, or upon a student's written request, At l ea st two weeks must be allowed for processing. Before the beginning of each semester, students a n tic i pati n g a refund may see S tudent Accou n t for i n fo r m ati o n about book adva nces.

Notice of withdrawal must be made in writing to the Registrar of PLU, and received efore the deadlines given above. Or.ti requests will not be considered. Charges w i l l remain on the student's account u n til such n o t i c e i. received.

Medical Hold A " me d i c a l hold" p re vents

a student fro m registering because Health Services has not received the Medical H istory Form or because the student does not have the necessary immunizations.

Rights and Responsibilities

and the use of u n iversity faci lities. Refunds If a student officially drops a single class or completely with­ d raws from the semester during the first two weeks of fa ll or spr i ng semester, a full tuition refund will be given. The Advance Payme n t is not refunded. A ten percent per d ay cha r ge will be assessed for c om p l et e withdrawals du r i n g the th ird and fourth week. No refunds are available after the fo urth week for complete withdrawals o r after the second week for d r op p i n g individual

classes. In the event of a withdrawal from the January term during the first week, a full tuition refund will be given. No refund is avail­ able a fter the first week.

c z

First two week 0 ,'emester: 80% refund week of seme ter: 70% refund Fourth week of semester: 60% refund F i ft h week of semester: 50% refund

Academic Hold The Registrar, Swdent Life O ffice, or Residentia.l Life Office c a n pl a ce an account on " ac ad emi c hold." Registration for classes is precluded until any pending matter with those o ffices is settled.

Upon registration, the student and his or her parents or legal guardian, as the case may be, agree to. accept their re spo n sib il i t y and legal obligation to pay aU tuition costs, room and meal fees, and other s p e ci al fees incurred or to be incurred for the student's educ tion. The u n ivers it y, in turn, agrees to make available to the student certain educational programs and the lise of certain facilities as applicable a nd as described in this catalog. A failu re to pay aU university bills shaIl re l ease the uni ve rs i ty of any obligation to continue to p ro v ide the applicable educational benefits and services, to include st ate me nt s of honorable d is­ missal, g r ad e reports, transc.ript of re c o rd s , diplomas, or p rereg i ­ strations. The student shaH also be denied admittance to classes


Student Life The quality o f l i fe cul ti va ted and fo tered within the

th academic is conducive to a creat ive scholarship. It also recognizes

university is an essential compo.n e n t o f

communi ty. The environment prod uced life of vigorous and

that liberal education is for the total person und that a complementary relationship exists between students'

intellectual development and the satisfaction of t h e i r other individ ual needs. Interaction with persons of d i ffering l i fe styles, application of c1assr om knowledge to personal goals and aspirations, and co -curricular experiences are all available and total components time when there

is a

of education at PLU, I n a the

need for mean i n g ful communi ty,

campus facil itates genu i n e relationships a mong members



>­ I-

of the un iversity fro m diverse religioLls, racial, and cul t u ral



backgrounds. All of lh s rvice a nd faciJitie pro ided a re i n tended to comp! ment the academic program. ' he services provided reflect ch nging student needs, and the opportun ities fo r studen t par t i ci pation include vi rtually al l aspects of the u n i ver ' ity. Individ ual attention is given to s t ude nts' concerns, i nclud i ng a var iety of specific services

ou tlined below.

university re c og n i zes the i m p o rta n ce of non-classroom ac t i v i t i es in providing an educat i o n . The a i m of re s i dent i a l l iYing is to help studen ts gro w perso nal ly, so c i a l ly, cul nu;aiJy, and s p iritual ly. amplls resid nce halls are smalL T h e y a re or g ani ze d i nto com m u n i ties i n w h i h each i n d i v i d u a l cOlln ts as a p e rs on . New knowledge shared with friends in t h e residence halls t a kes on a

ry p r onal m ea ning. Men and wo men of many backgrounds a nd c u l t u re live on campus; t herefore, students i n residence



Pacific l.utheran Un i ve r s i ty by its vc r natur is


pla ce for t he

inter3ction betw en nldies and the h r i . tian faith. O ppo r t un i ­ ties for the m u tu a l celebration of ti1Jt fa i t h on ca m p u s are rich and diverse.

C h ap el worship is held Monday, \' ednes d a , an d Friday

mo r n i ngs d u r i na e<lch semester for a l l \. ho wi h to participat . Th . U n i vers i t y ungregation mee ts in regular 1V0rsllip a n d

celebnltes t h e Lord's S u pper each S u nd ay. Pas toral se rv i ces of the II niversity pastors ar availab l e to aU sr o d en ts who desire them .

Several denomi nat io n . and rcligiQ u . gro u ps hav orga n iza ­ t i ons on campus, u nd th e re a rc n u merous studen t- i niti a ted I3ible s t ud y and fellow hip grou ps. Tht' Campus M i n i s t ry ounci l , an ejected student a n d fa c u l ty commit tee, co o rdi na t es the c activi­ t ie s in a spirit f openness and mutual respect. RBSPONSIBUITIES OF COMMUN ITY LIFE

Within any c o m m u n i t y certain regulatiom are ne essary. Pacific Lutheran Univ rs it y ado p t s o n l y those sta ndards be l i e ve d to be reasonably necessary and admits students with the expecta tio n that they wil! comply with those . ta ndards. All member ' of the

u n iversity co m m u Il i t y are expected to respect the rights a n d i n tegrity o f o the r . Conduct w h i ch is de t ri mental to s t u dents , faculty, staff, o r the u n i versity, or which v iolates l o c a l , state, or federal laws, may be grouods fo r sanctions or fo r dismissaL The university p rohi h i t s the possession or consumption of alco h o l i c beverages o n cam p u s a n d l i m i t s the hours when st ud e n t s may

have visitors o f the opposite sex i n their residence haH ro o m s . The Studel1t Hondbook contains t h e Code of Collduc/ for a l l


ha e , unique op p o r t u ni t y to b ro a d e n their cultural horizons. The univers it y ares about t h e qualiry o f l i f<' o n clmpus. The attra tive and omfortable residence halls en r i c h the qualit), of life and cIlhan the lea rning process. The u n i ve r s i t y o ffer. s t uden t s h igh-quality h o u s i n g o p p o r t u n i t ies i n cl u din g s t u d e n t

l ea de rs h i p experience. fo r mal and i n formal p ro g ra m s , and peer

assoc i a tions. The student go ve. r Il i n g b o d ie$ arc strong and a c t i v e l y participate in cam pus l i ft:.

A s lec t io n of modern, iIItra f ive h a l ls, e a c h w i t h i ts own

t r a d i t io n s ,wd unique advan tages, o ffers students the opportu­

nity to establish a comfo r t able l iving pattern. All halls include inf rmal l o ungcs, s tu d y rooms, re c re a t i o n areas, a n d co m m o n kitchen and la u n d ry fac i l ities. Most of th balls are co-educationaL Al th o u g h t he)! are housed in eparat wings, men a n d women in co-ed h a l l s s h a re l o u nge and rec rea t io n fac i l i t ies and common residence gov m­ m e n t , a n d p a rl i ip a t e j o i n t l y in all h a l l a c t iv i ties . One all ­ women's hall is a ailable for t h o s e women \Vho de si re this ty p e o f l i v ing experience.

Further i n fo rmat ion regardir g residence h a l ls can be obtained

from the Residential Life O ffice.

In addition to housing for s i l1gle s t u d e n t s , the u n ivers i t y

m a i n t ain s a limi ted number of apartments o n campus for famil y


nt housi ng. Two and three-bedroom u n i ts are av ail ab l e .

Application fo r tJlese


Re:;ide n tial Life Office.

p ar tme n ts can be made t h ro u g h the


Student activities are reg a rd e d as essential fa c to rs i n h i g he r are related to co u rses o f i n s t ru c ti o n such as drama, mu ie, and p h)!s i ca l education; others are con nected ed uca t i o n . , o me

NEW STUDENT ORJ ENTATION New s t ude nt orientation e ndeavors to a s s i st s tudents and t h e i r

fa mil ies with the transition to P LU. The t h re e - d a y fal l program i n t roduces s t u d e n t s to m a n)! d i men s i o n s o f P L l i fe . Fall

orientation includes meet i ng with a fac u l t y a d v i ser, wo rk i ng in

smal l gro ups with other new s t u d e n t s , beco ming acqu a i n ted with c a m p us services, and h a v i n g some rda/ed t i m e with other s t lldents before classes h e g i n . Special activi t i es are also p l a n ned which res p o Il d to concerns of fam i lies of new stu d e n t s . While Ja nu a r y and spring o ri e n t a t ion s 'li T more condensed, they a l s o provide new s t u de n ts w i th a ll in troduction to academic l i fe and c -curricular ac t i i ti es . The u niversi ty co m p l i e s with Sec t i o n 504 of the Rehabilitation

Act and provides reasonabl e acco m modation.s to student with

ha n d i cap s and/or disah i l i t ies. Coordination o f services is h n dled by the o u nseling and Te s t i n g S rv ices. The S t u d e n t Needs A d vo cacy P:tn el provid� an avenue fo r student co ncerns. RESIDENTIAL LIFE

Residen t ial l i v i ng is an i n te g ra l part of the educatio nal pro(ess a t

P LU. The u n iversity requ i res that all single fu l l - l i m e ( 1 2 or more r h o ur s ) tude n t s room and board on campus unless t h e student is living at home with paren t ( s ) or lega l g u a rd i a n ( s ), is 2 1 years o f age or older on or before October 1 - fo r tbe a ademic


1 5 fo r

semester h o u rs ) . All e

more dosel to recreational and s oc i a l l i fe. Involvement in student act ivities provides practical experience ;1l1d at the s a m e time dev e lops an understanding of self in re l at i o n to ot h e rs . Co­ c u rricular programs in Iud ' student government ( A ss o c i ated

'rodent s and Residence H a l l Co u n i l l , sports activities ( va r si t y,

i n tra mural, a n d c l u b s po r t s ) , student media ( newspaper,

yearbook, a r t i s t i c magazine, r a d i o , and t e lev is i o n ) , student clubs and o rga n i za t i n , a nd co m m un i ty service programs o ffered

t h rough the Vo lu.nt er en te r. With over 1 00 st u d en t activities i n w h i c h to become i nvolved, there is s u re to be a t l east ooe which wilt enrich


p 'rson's co l l ege x:pcrience.



year and Mar h

As a residential campus, Pacific L u t h e ra n U n ive rs i t y offers students a valuable experience in community l iv i n g . The

'pring s emes te r o r has sen i r statu:. (90

epti IlS t ) thi p licy m u s t be requested from the Res i dent ial Li1'e ffi e rega rdi n g room and the Fo d Service rega rding meals.

P '$ Vol un teer Center, run by st u d e n t s and h o u s ed in the Ca mpus M i n i s t r y Office ( 'C, lower l e ve l ) , seeks to g ive s t u d e n ts the opport un i ty to put t o wo rk their dreams fo r � better wo rl d . Co m m unity organizations request studen t volunteers, o r

tudcnt. d ream u p t h ei r o w n ways of s rv i n g ; the Vo lunteer

Center hdps with t h e coord i na t ion. Class projects, re s i d e n ce h a l l


activities, o n e day o r s eve ra l, t h e Vol u n tee r Center cau

he l p you hel p ! Drop by or p h ne ( x83 1 8) and discover how easy it is to ll1ake a big d i ffe re n c e in life!


The Women's Center p ro v i d es services, referrals, and s up p o r t to a l l s t u de n t s , facuity, and staff or the university. The c l i mate o f the c e n te r is such th t aU per ' o n s are valued and e m po we re d to pursue the i r i ndividual and col lective goals. The enter o ffe rs peer-support groups, e d u ca t i o n al resources, a n d prograITlS


L I F E -I I

which celebrate the talents and creative expressions of wo men. The Women's Center also is the main sponsor o f Women's Hi tory Month activities held every March. The vVo men's Center is located at 754 S. 1 20th. ADULT STUDENT PROGRAMS The student-run Adult Student Orga n i z ati o n seeks to i d e n t ify the special needs o f students over the age o f 25 and create the support networks that will help adult students succeed. The University Center a n d Multi-Ethnic Resource Center provide administra tive support to assist adult students with orientation

and guidance. The Commuter Lounge, on the lower level of the University Center, serves as a campus h ead q u a rt e rs for many adult students.

Recre a t ionall y, the grandem o f the Pacific Northwest encourages

participation in h i king, camping, climbing, skiing, boating, and swimming. The mosl conspicuolls natural monument in t h e area is Mt. Rainier. In addition to Rainier, the distinctive realms of the Cascade and Olympic mountain ranges and for ' IS of Douglas Fir complete one of the most naturally tranquil environments in th e United States. Students can also enjoy the aesthetic o fferi ngs o f nearby Se at tl e and Tacoma. These city centers host a v ari e t y o f pe rfor m ­ ing and recording arts and provide dozens of galleries and museums as well as u n ique shopping a n d dining ex per i e nces . STUDENT SERVICES Health Services are sta ffed with one nurse practitioner and one physician's assistant. A p hys i c i an is available for consultation and refe r r a l . Services available i nclude outpatient health care, al c o hu l /dr u g referral, laboratory tests, contraception/pregnancy counseling, and health education. All students may use the Health Services. Sickness and Acddent Insurance is avai l a bl e to all students on a vo l u. nt a r y basis. The Health Service strongly urges all students to have me dic a 1 i nsurance. The roup Accident and S i c k n ess Plan offers coverage 24 hours a day, 1 2 months a ye a r, anywhere in the world. T hi s plan is ava ilable throughout the year. A brochure outlining t he program is available from the B us ines ' Office and the Health Services. CounseUng and Te ting Services a ss i t stlldents in coping with developmental issues. Tra ined and ex pe r ie n ce d psychologists, counselors, and a con ulting psy hiatrist otTer individual counseling. Periodically, group COUJ1S ling is aL ' provided. A var iety of i nterest inventories and psychological tests are


ava ilable to assi s t students with car er plann ing, educational

MULTI-ETHNIC RESOURCE CENTER The Mul t i - Ethnic Resource .enter ( MRC) s er ves students, facult y, and staff o f color. Po r student , special activities, pe er m e ntoring and advising, lead ers h i p opportunity, and other support services are available. MRC offers a place for students to

adj ustment, and personal p roblems. Coordination o f services t o students with disabi l ities is also available. Food Service, owned and operated by Pacific L ut he r a n Univer­ sity, is available to all students, faculty, staff, and their guests. Students living on campus are required to take their meals in the

available to support special projects and research focusing on

cafeteria. Dinner options are also available in the p i zz a restau­ rant and co ffe e shops. "Grab and Co" items are ava ilable during peak l unch hours. No deductions are made for students eating fewer meals than prev i o u sly contracted for unless a conflict exists due to work. [n case of conflict, a student m u s t contact the Food Se rvi ce Office i n the U ni ve rs ity enter to obtain approval

national race-related issues. The Multi- thnic Resource Center is

for a deduction.

located on the l o wer level o f the University Center.

Residential students are o ffered 3 meal options: Any 20, 1 5 , or 10 meals per week. Students living off-campus are en co uraged to select one of the meal plans o ffered. Students m ay sign up fo r a pion at the Food S erv i ce Office. Students with special di e t a ry req ui reme n ts, s pe ci fic al l y approved in writing by a physician, can in most cases be a ccom­ modated by contacting the Food S er v i c e Regi. tered Dieti t ians. This se rv i ce is p rovided at n o extra cost. The Food Service operates two coffee shops. One is located on low r campus in Columbia Cen ter, and the other is located in the University Center. Only the coffee shop in Columbia Center is open during the vaca tion periods. Visitors may eat i n any of the facilities.

gather for socializing and seekin g information and assistance.

For faculty and staff, the M RC is a location fo r tea ching a nd learning material on the subject of racial and eth nic diversity. Clerical assistance, small uavel grants, and other services are also


The Center for International Programs/international S tudent Services prov ides assistance to i n ternational students in adjust­ ing to the u niver s i t y and in meeting both education ( career) and personal needs. Services include airport pick-up, orientation, registration, and on-campus liaison with other u n iversity o ffices. Assistance with i m m igra t i o n and government reg u lat i o n s as well as immigration p ro ce d u re s regarding temporary travel, work applications, and ex te n s ion s of stay is available. COMMUTER STUDENT SERVICES Many students com m u te to the PLU campus. In addition to the university services and programs available to all students, the University Center supports com muter students with a lou nge area, message/emergency locator service, a n d lockers. Prog rams

desi gn ed to address the special needs of com mu ters are spon­ sored through student act iv i ties and com m uter groups like the Adult Student Organization. Students de si r i ng more i nfonnation should co nta c t the University Center Office. ENVIRONS The u n iver s i t y's geographical setting affords students a wide

variety o f both recreational and cultural entertainment o p t i o n s .

Scheduling Services for m e et in g rooms are main tained in t h e University Center. A l l u ni ve rs i ty activities must be scheduled through this office. S heduling student activities is a joint responsibility o f the re qu es ting group, s c hed u l i n g coordinator, and d i rector of the University


PLU Bookstore is ow n e d and operated by Pacific Lutheran University for the benefit of s t ud e n t s , faculty, and staff. The bookstore sell textbooks and s up p li es that are required or sug­

gested by fac ulty members for their courses. Computer hardware

c z < m Vl -I -<



>­ f-

a n d software are ava ila bl ' at educational prici ng. General read­ ing material, suppl ies, gjft items, gr eet i n g cards, and im prin ted w

> z

:r: f-

cl t hi ng a re also sold. Special book orders are " dco me . Career Services' goal is to provide a program of career develop­

ment and l i fe planning. S tudents are assisted i n i ntegT3t ing the ir per�onal alue' and aptitudes with career choice� t h ro u gh .individual counsel in g, workshops. res idence hall p resentat ions, a nd a computerized career guidance program. The o ffice taff assist students and first-year alumni in de e�oping job-search techll iques by providing instru tional videos, company litera­ t u re, an ext nsive career Ii rary of o p p o rtu nities i n specific majors, ind ustry d i rectories, and emp loyment forecasts. Add it ional ly, the offi e coordinates a schedule of r c m i ters fro m i ndustry, bu iness, government, a n d graduate schools. ,arccr Services coordinates ,m d p ro m o t es all part-ti me Jnd full- ti me cmployment opportunities for stud ·nt,. This consist of financial assistance programs such as work st udy, c:unpus and community opportun ities, updated listing o f local jobs, and nation-wide internsh ips and s u mmer employment oppo rtuni­ ties . pecially selected forums throughout the year also b ring studen ts . nd employers to get h e , in order to help tudents t o fi nd work t h a t is bot h fl11anciaily a nd p e. r s o n al l rewarding. GB1EVANCE PROCEDURES

Pol i c i es and pro edures at the university are intended to maint a i n an orderly ducational envlronment co nducive to s t udenl learning and dcvelopm nt. In order to fulfLll institu­ tional responsibiLity and .It the ';,]m(' fol low I T O du re that are fair, consistent, and protective of each person's right.s, a pp ro pri­ a t gr ievance pr oced ures have been es t a b li s hed. If a student has reason to believe that an academic or a d m i n istrative a tion is u nj ust, capricio us, or d iscriminatory, these p rocedures are availa bl e for the student to seek red ress. The Ul1iversity has a te a m of grievance officers t o facilitate the grievance process. The: grievance officers are Cristina del Rosario ( niversity Center Mult i-Eth nic Resour e Center) and Mary Pi per ( D i rector o( Perso n n e l ) . Either of the grievance offi e rs may be co nt acted to recei e assistance. If an officer cannot be reached, messages may be left by c a l l i n g 535-7 1 8 6 . opies of grievance procedu res are avai lable for review at t h offlce of each grievance officer.

Academ ic Procedures ADVISING

The un iver ity expects that all students, at one time or another, will need assistance in p la n n ing academic programs consistent wi t h their n eeds and goals. Both to help students m a ke their initial adj us tment t.o the academic l oa d at PL and to pr o v id e occasional c u nsel throughout their academic careers, the university ha ' estab l i s hed a network of facu l ty advisers and a n Academic Advising O ffice. Faculty Advisers - Al l stl.lden t s e n r l i e d i n degree programs h ave facul t y advisers whose overall resp onsibility is t(> b'lJide academic progress. In their work with individual students, advisers have the assistance o f personnel in a number of st u d e n t services offices: the Academic Adv ising O ffice, the cade m ic A sis tance Ccnter, the Career Services Office, Coun eling and Testing Services, the MlI l ti- Ethni Resou rce Center, t he Campus M .i n istry, the intcrn ational student a dv i s e r, a.nd r e s i de n ce hall d i rectors and resident assistan ts.

Gel/eml Adv isers: At the time of en try, each stude n t is assigned a gener;:d adviser, usually by matching student a nd adviser i n ter­ ests. Students who wish to explore the general curriculum before d e cidi n g on an interest area arc assigned to exploratory advisers. D u r i n g the first semester, an advising file fo r each student is sent to the adviser, and an official record o f a c a d e m i c progress is issued to the studen t.

Major Advisers: Upon formal declaration of a major, students are

assigned major advisers to re p l a c e their general advisers. Major

advisers guide students' progress toward their chosen degree goals. Students are a l lo we d to change adviscrs as may be appropriate or necessary, using a simple adviser change form. Students and adv isers are exp e c ted to meet regular!" tho ugh the actual number f meetings will v,u'y a cco rdi n g to individual need$. M inimally, three meetings are req u ired during the freshman year and one each ye a r thereaft r, th ugh an students are encour aged to meet w i t h t heir advisers as often a seems necessary or usefu l . REG ISTRATION

The no rmal course load fo r full-time students is 13 to 1 7 hours per semester, i ncluding phy ical ducation. A normal student load during the Ja nuary term is four hours with a maximum of five hours. The minimum 'e meste r load for a ful l - t i m e student i

twel e ho urs. 'tudents registering fuJI-time ( 1 2 hours or more) must be fo rmally admi t ted to th e uni ersiry by t h e Admissions Offic . Refer to tb Admission section of this catalog fo r appli . tion pro edures. n ly a student with a "B" ( 3 . 0 0 ) average or h igher may register for more than 1 7 hours per semester w ithout the consent of th provost. A student engage d in mu h o ut si de work fo r self­ support Illa, b e re ·tricted to a reduced acadell1i load. fn he , pring semester, students who plan to return in the fa ll are em;ou ra geu to pre-register. S tud e n t m u s t regi t r for each new semester on the desi nated da and are not officially enrolled u nt il their registration has been cleared by t he Student Accoun ts ffi ce. EARll' REGISTRATION PROGRAM FOR FIRST-YEAR STUDENTS

Well i n advan e of a rrival o n campus for the first semester, all accepted fi.rst-year students are sent regis t ra t ion maLerials. Most stud nt have the opportun ity to work p ersonally with an advi s e r as they p l a n their schedules. A limited n u mber of tlldents register by mail, and their course selections are ve rlfted by a co unselo r.


P R O C E D U R E S -1 I

Ear l y registrat ion fo r new fi rst-year student Qccur. during June o r Tan uary, de p e n d i ng n whether students begin in t h e fall or s pring semes ter. Early registration is coordinated by the fficc. Admission

S t u d e n ts should be

purposes at P LU : Add/Drop: A , ludenl may add o r drop a course a t any time d u ring the first two weeks of class with full tuition refund. in most cases, adding and d rop p i n g can be done throug.h Tel e ­ Registration.

ma ter i a ls , in



thoroughly acqu ainted I ith all re gistration udi ng the current catalog and special information sent by the Adm iss ions Office. [ t is important also to s t u dy the requirement f ali ac.1dcmic programs in which one may e ventua l ly declare a major. The Freshman Year Program

Life: Irrro Ilcertllinty Ci nd Beyo nd year core provides 3 supp rtively challenging (onteKI in which to begil' t he quest for, and adventure of, a la rg e r vision for life. University education is about more than kill. , though these should be del'eloped t h rou g h active, gui ded use. niversity ed ucal i o n is abo u t liberating students fo r cri tical and co mmitted living. Pa rticul arly al P L U, tbe p u r po,;e of educatioll is to combine \ ell-developed critical capacities with compassiun and vision for service. An edllcation at PLU develops p e r s o n s capable of sustained, reasoned, a nd creative co n ersation a nd cOl1l m itment i n a m u l t i c u ltural, ideologically p l ural wo rld. In add itio n to orientation and ad v i sing programs, the un i q u e comp onents f the fresh man year comprise three courses. n e muM be taken in the s t ude n t 's first semester. Freshman year core requirements m u t be com plet d during the student's fresh­ he Exalllined

The fre.hman

man yea l'.

1 A. Inquiry Seminar: Wri tingfo r Discovery (4 hours) These semi n a rs fo c u s on writing, thinking, s p ea k i ng,



CHANGES IN REGISTRATION The fo l l ow i ng terms are used fo r registration

and reading. They involve w rit i ng as a way or t h inki ng, of learn­ i n g, and of discovering and o rd e ri ng id eas . Ta ug h t by faculty i n any depar t ment or school, these seminars are orga n ized around top i cs that engage students and facul ty in dialogue and p ro vi d e the o p portunity to examine isslles from a variety of perspectives. I B. Inquiry Seminar: Critical Conversation (2 hours) These seminars involve learning ho\ to participate in the exchan ge of i dea s through the experience of articularing qu es ti o ns, l iste.nLng for mea ni n g and nuance in what ot hers write and say, seeing idea� and p o s i t i o n s in context, arguing, mov ing to consensus, and l ivi n g with corill i ct. Like the I wTi ting seminars, the e semi n a rs are taught by facultl' from various departments and schoo ls . When taught in Janua!')', th\!Se sem.inars arc 4 hours. I e. Fr shmatI !cmwny Term (4 hours) A course that fuLfills one of the other core r quirements ( t i n es 1 -4 and 6 below), designed b ot h for freshman s t u den t s a n d to take advantage of the singl e-course forma t of the January term. The number of credit hOLlIS take.n may vary from year to year, usually within a range of 30 to 3 4 . To complet the 1 2 8 h o llt', required for gradu< tjon fo ur years, an average of 3 2 c re d it hours a year is necessary. 1 . Stttdems are resp onsible fo r selectil1g th e i r courses. Counselor� and f. lIlty advisers are a lways available to assist with planning and t m a k e � u ggestions. 2. Shldents who Me sure of their major shollid be careful to irlcltufe those COliI' I'S which ins/lre completioll of tlrat m ajor within four yea rs. Some departments or schools haw p rerequisite cou rses which must be taken before entering upon th major p rogram itself. 3 . Sludems who are u ndecided avow t h eir major cO llrse of study should tilke the opport lillity to explore optiolls. A good way to begin is to take some cou rses that meet gene ral u n ivers i t }' or core requ i reme n ts while electing several others for e. plora­ lion

of s pe ci a l i n terests .

A student who wishes to d ro p a course after the firsl two weeks of class must o ffi ci a l l y withdraw from the course. To \. ithdmw from a course the student must obtain the instruc­ tor's signature o n the withd rawal for m and return it to th e (fiee b fore the final exami nation week. I f a course ends b e fore the normal e n d i ng d a te of the term, 110 �tudent may '\Ti thdraw af1er th fi nal exa mination has been administered. The grade o["W" w i l l appear on the sllIdent's grade report and tTan� ript, and no tuition wilt be refunded. Unofficial Withdrawa): studen t who fails to withdraw offiCia lly fi'om a course wiB receive an unofficial withdrawal. The grade o f " UW" w i ll appear o n the student's grade report and

Registra r's


Medical Withdrawal: Student� may also completel y w i t b draw

term fo r medical re aso n s . The student must p rov i de evidence from a phys ician to the vice president and d ea n fo r student Li fe. The grade of "WM" w i l l a pp e a r on the student's gr ade report <lnd t r a n , a i p t. from a


CREDIT RESTRICTIONS Cred it i s not allow d for a ma thematics or a foreign language course l is t e d as a prere q u is i te when taken a ft e r the higher-level w u r se. For example, (\ student who has co m ple te d Spanish 20 I

cannot later receive c red it for , p a n ish 102. WITHDRAWAL FROM THE TERM

Students wish in to withdraw from the term must obtain a withdrawal form from the Offic of the Registrar. IT IS ALWAYS TO TH STUDE '1'S AD NTA E TO WITI-IDRAvV Offi­ C I A I .LY. Stu d e nts <He e n t i tl e d to honorable disl1lissal fro m thl' lUliv >rsity if their record of con d u c l is satisfactory and if all financial o bl igations h a e be n satisfied. RE-ENTERING THE UNIVERSITY 1.

Stu lents who have not attended the un iversity for a period of up to six year may re - e n te r PLU bl' no tifying the Regi strar" Office o f their i ntention to retu rn. Re-entering students mllst provide cu rl' tit address and d eg re i n formation and oftlcial transcripts fro m any other college attended Juring their absence from PLU. Previous finan cial ubligations to the un ivers ity must be cleared, and s tud nts m ust have cu rrent health clearance w i t h the n ivcrs i ty Hea l t h Services before Lhey m< y register. 2. S t u d e nts seeking to return to P LU more than six years after their last date o f attendance must b re·admitted to the u n i­ versity. An application for readmission should be submitted to the Office of dmissions, a l o ng with oiTicial transcripts from any other co llege attended duri ng the absence from PLU. THE GRADING SYSTEM Students are grad ed acco rding to the following A+ '" 4.00 grade points per h o w; credit given 4.00 grade paints per h o u r, credit given A 3.67 grade p o illts per hOllr, credit gi vell A­ 3.3,) gra d e p o i n ts per hour, c redit given B+ 3.00 grade points per h o u r, credit gi ve n B B­ 2.67 grade poill!s per hOllr, credit g iven

desi gnations:





2.33 J,!rade poims per hOllr,

ralit givell

2.00 grade p o i n ts pe r hour, credit given CD+

D DE -


= =

/ . 6 7 grade poinrs per hour, cree/i ! given / . r grade poin ts per h o u r, credit given 1 . 00 grade poin t per hOLlr, credit given 0. 67 grade point p I' /rOllI', c red it gillen 0.00 grade p o i n ls per izol/r, no credi t given

c z <


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>­ f-

Regis tra r's notations:







:r: f-

Un offi ci a l withdrawal. recorded by the registrar

The grades listed below are n o t used i n calcu lating grade point averages. No gTade points are earned under these des ignations. H



No grade submitted by instructor


Credit given

(honors); used for courses open to high

school studellts. P Cr dit give/l (Passing) F No c redi t given (Failure) No credit gi ven (Incomplete) No credit given (In Progr 5; app lica ble ollly to certaill I I' courses whose work extends beyo/Jd a regular term) o credit given ( udit) AU W No credit give/! ( Withdrawal) W M =: No credit g ivell ( Withdrawal/Medical) =

The u n iversity assumes that all registered students have freely accepted personal responsibility fo r regular class attendance. Course grades reflect the quality of students' academic perfor­ mance as a whole, which normally includes regular participation in the total class experience and is evaluated accordin gly. Absences may lead to a reduction of a student's final grade. In the event of unavoidable absence. students are encouraged as a matter of courtesy, as well as in their own best i n terest. to inform the instructor. Assignment of make-up work. i f a ny. is at the discretion of the i n structor.

ACADEMIC HONESTY Both the value and the success of any academic activi ty. as well as of the ent ire academic enterprise, have depended fo r centuries on the fu ndamental prin ciple of abso l u te honesty. The u niver­

I ncomplete ( T ) grades indicate that students have been unable to

sity, therefore. expects all its faculty and students to honor this

complet their work because of circumstances beyond their

principle scrupul ously.



receive credit a n Incomp lete must be converted to a

passing grade w rn- r r



Since academic dishonesty is a serious breach of the un iver­ sall y recognized code o f academic ethics, it is every faculty mem­

FOLLOWING SEM ESTER. Incomplete grades which are not

ber's obligation to impose appropriate sanctions fo r any demon­

converted by removal are changed to the grade i n d icated by the

sO'able instance of such m isconduct on the part of a student.

instructor when the I ncomplete is sub mi tt ed. The Incomplete is not intended to be a permanent grade. A n Incomplete does not e n title a student to sir in class aga i n without re-registering. Medical Withdrawal ( W M ) i s given when a course i s not completed due to medical cause. The WM does not affect the grade point ave rage.

I II Progre.

O P } ign i fies progress in a cou rse which normally

runs more thaD one semester to co mpletion. In Progress carries no credit u nt i l replaced by a permanent grade. Any course may be repeated by an unde.rgraduate student. T h e h i gher of the two grades earned is used in computing the cumulative grade point <lverage. b u t credit toward graduation is a llowed on I)' once.

PASS-FAlL OPTION FOR UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS The p,lSS - faii option permits students to explore subject areas outside their kn own abilities a nd to add a b roader range of cou rses without being fo rced to compete with majors who are specializin g in tho


areas of study.

1 . The p a . s-C it option is l i m ited to 8 credit hours ( regardless of repeats. pass or fai l ) .

2 . N o t m o re than o n e course ( 4 credit hours) may b e taken pass­ fai l in fu lfillment of general univers i ty or core requirements. or of the option requirement of the College of Arts and Sciences and of the School of Physical Education.

3. The pass-fail option may not be applied to a course taken in ful fillment of a student's major o r minor p rogram, except fo r a first course in the major or minor field that is taken before the student's declaration of a major or minor program.

4. To exercise the pass-fail option. students must file


intention with the Registrar's Office no later than the last day of the eighth week. In courses that meet less than the ful l length o f the semester. the pass - fa i l agreement must b e filed b y t h e mid-point of t h e course. 5. In the pass-fa i l option. only grades of A+ through C- will be regarded as "pass»; grades of D + through E w i l l be regarded as "fail.» Pass - fail grades do not affect the grade point average.

EXCLUSIVE PASS-FAn COURSES Departments or chools may ofLr cou rses in which only pass-fa i l grades are given. These cou rses should p u rsue goals p r i marily con

rned with app reciations, va l u e omm itments, creative

achievements, or the l i ke. Decisions to o ffe r exclusive pass-fa i l courses a r e reported to the p rovost and t h i s fact is m a d e known to students before they register fo r these courses. Exclusive pass- fail cou rses may not be used to meet major or university requirements un less they have been app roved a s such by the fa culty. Taking exclusive pass-fail courses in no way affects the student's personal pass-fail option.

ACADEMIC STATUS Most students make normal academic progress; however. some may fro m time to time be notified that they must i m p rove their grades. The following terms are used at PLU to describe such students. Advisers make regular contact with academically marginal students, and monitor their progress closely.

Condit ional Admission: Each year PLU admits a few students conditionally. These students. who do not meet all or part of the admission requ irements, are screened carefully and notified of their special status. They must Limit their first-semester loads to

1 4 credit

hours. i n c luding Psychology 1 10 ( Study Skills) . and are

given special advising.

Midterm Advisory Letters: Wa rning grade letters are sent to students doing "C-» or lower lVork at mid-sem ester. Advisers are sent copies of the letters and will contact advisees who receive them. No transcript notation is made of this action.

Academic Warning: Shldents whose last semester grade point average is below 2.0. but whose cumulative grade point average is above 2.0. are sent notices o f academic warning. No transcript notation is made.

Probation: Students are placed on academic probation with t ranscript notation if their cumulative grade point average falls below 2 . 0 or if they receive two consecutive semester grade p o i n t averages below 2.0. S u c h students must m e e t w i t h the d i rector of advising in the first

1 0 days o f their proba t ionary semester


draw up an agreement specifying actions they will take to i m ­ prove their academic performance. I n t h e case of first-semester freshman students with no previous college credits. the proba­ tion notation will be removed from the transcript i f the subse­ quent semester's cumulative grade point average is above 2.0.

Continued Probation: Prob a t i onary students whose probation­ ary semester grade point average is above 2.0. b u t whose cumul ative grade point average remains below 2.0 . may be granted a n additional semester of probation at the discretion of the Com m i t tee o n Admission and Retention of Students. Stu­ dents on co ntinued probation must participate i n the prob ation­ a r y semester p l a n described above under


Academic Dismissal: The enrol lment of a probationary student who fa iis to earn a cumulative grade point average of 2.0 at the end of a probationary semester is terminated. A terminated s tudent may a p p ly for reinstatement by submitting a letter of petition to the registrar. The petition is acted on b)' the Commit­ tee o n Admission and Retention of Students. A student whose petition is a p p roved will be readm itted on proba tion and must par tic ipate in the probationary semester plan described above


P R O C E D U R E S -I I

under Probatioll. A � tu de n t whose p t ition is denied may apply again for readmi 'sion after one semester has e l a p se d u nless informed otherwise.


Second Academic Dismissal; The enro L l ment of a student w ho fails to e. m a 2.0 c u m u l a t iv e grade po i n t average a ft er rei ns tate­ ment i t e rm inat ed . A dism issed s tu de n t may be rein tated after o n e semes te r if the student presents new evidence of potential 8Gldemic success. PROBATIONARY ADVISERS Probati()nary a visers are as s i gned by the director () advi sin g

with the con ent of both s tu de n t and adv is er. The), work w i t h �tudents in a p robat io na r y sem ester, he l p i n g them to ldentif)' t he problems I hich c o n t ri bute to thei.f p o o r scholars hip. They are

en c ou ra ged to refer students to other offi ce, (Academic Assis­ tance Cen t e r, C o u nse l i n g a nd Te st i ng, etc.) for heJp in making necessar ), adj ust men ts. Freque nt ll1cetinus wi th st ude nts are a n essen t ia l p a r t o f the probationary a dvi se r's rolc. They sho u l d be

fa m iliar with p ol i 'es regarding w i t hdrawal fTOm and re p e t i t i o n o f c o u rs es, the pass-fail o pt i on , a nd incompletes. They hou ld inquire freq u e n ll), bout progrc�s, c o m p a r e intentions with performance, assist wit h $tudy te c h n i ques and use of time, and so l i c i t information from in ·tructors abo u t the s l udents' atten­ dance, participalion, p ro m p tn ess i n s u b m i tti ng work, a n d exam perf rman ce . ELIGmll.ITY FOR STUDENT ACTIVITIES Any regu lady e n mL1ed, fu l l - t i me st u den t ( t welve h ou r ) is eligi ­

ble fo r participation in u n ive rsi t y act ivities. Limitations on a stu dent's activities ba ed upon academic perform ance may be set by indiv idual sc h o ol , d ep a r t m n ts, or organizations . . student on academic p ro b at i o n is not e l i gib l e for certification in inter­ collegiate competition ' and may also be advised to cu rta l l p a r t i ­ cipation i n extra-curricular activities. CLASSIFICATIONS OF STUDENTS

Freshmen: student s who have met e n t rance requirements. Sophomores: st uden ts who havt! �atisfactoril completed 30

laude, magna cum laude, and s u m ma cum laude are gra n ted. A s tu dent must earn an average of 3.40 [or ClIn1 fllUdc, 3.70 fo r magna cum la ude, and 3.90 for summa CllfI1 lil ude. P hys i ca l education act ivities are not incl uded in the determ i n i n g of honors.

Graduation Honors: Degrees w i t h honors of

m in

Honor Societies: EJection to the Arete Society i s

special re o gn i ti on oL st udent', o m m i t m e n t to th ' l i be ra l <Hts t o ge th er wiLh a record o f high Jchievement in relev a n t course work. This academic h on ors society wa organ ized in 1 969 by Phi Beta Kappa members o f the fantl ty. The society' fundamen­ tal p u rpos e i s to e n c o u r a ge and recognize excellent sch o larsh i p a

in the I iberul arts. Elccti ns for the so c i e t y ta ke p l a c e eacb s p r i n g . Both j Wl iors and e n i ors , re eligible fo r ejection, although the qualifi alions fo r e l e c tion as a j u n i o r are more s t r i ngen t . The

faculty fe l l ows of the so iety co n d uc t the el ec t io n after careful review of academic transcri pts according to the following

cr i.teria. ' tude n ts m u s t; •

a tt a i n



h i g h g r a de poi nt ave ra ge (for sen iors,


rmally above

for jun i ors, no rmally above 3.90):

co m p le te I l 0 credit h o u r � i n l i b e ra l stud ies; demonstrate the equiv:lient of two ),ears of college work i n foreign l a ngu ge; and • complete o n e y e a r of co il ge mathematics ( i ncl ud i ng stat i s t i cs or comp uter sc i en ce ) or have taken an eq u iva l ent a m o u n t of h i g h chool math a n d coll.;:ge �cience.

'10 be e l i g ib le for election, t u de nt s m u st have com letcd a m i n i mu m of three semesters in residence at the uni ersity. The un iver i t)' has b a p te rs of a n u mb e r of na tio na l h o n o r soci eties on campus, i nc l u din g the followi ng: • Alpha Ps i Omega ( D rama) • Beta Gamma Sigma ( B usiness) • lu Pili psilon (Music) • Pi a p pa Delta Forensics ) • Om icron Delta E p ' i l o u ( Econ o m ics) • Sig.n a Theta Tau ( N ursing)

h ou rs . Jrmion: s t udents who ha e fu l fiLled l owe r division requirements nd have satisfac: orily c o mp Le ted 6 0 h o u rs. Seniors: stud en t s who have satisfa tor i l y com p leted 90 h o u rs. Graduates: st udents who have met entrance re q u i rem e n ts and h ave been ac cepted i n to the Division of rad ua te Studies. Non-Degree Underg raduates: undergraduJle s tudents who are a t te n d in g p a rt- t ime for a maximum o f 8 sem ster ho urs b u t are not offi c i a l l y admitted t o a degre progra m. No n - D egree Graduates: g r adu a te s tudents who are atte n d i n g p a rt - t i me but are not officially admitted to a d gr e progra m ,

UndeTg.-aduate Fellowship : A l i m i t ed n u mber of Undergradu­


t i o n , whe ther from the ollege Level Examination Program o r an)' o t h r ·aminatioll. Excepti o n s to t h i s r u l e for certa i n groups

Honors Program: PL

o ffe rs its u n iversity Honors P r o g ram to

studen e ki ng all academic cha l lenge in cl asses with equaUy c ap ab le peers. I n c om in g new' students and o n t inuing st u de n t i n adva n c e o f their j u n ior year may apply for a co urse of s t ud), that a m i nim u m of twenty credits of h onor s- l evel co u es. Mo t of these cou rses ful fill other gener al university o r major/

i nd u d

m i n o r requirements. The emphasis in P LU's Honors Program is not o n l y on academic competence and c.hallenge, b u t a l so on such pe rso na l q ua li t i e as commitm nt, cari n g, creativity, a n d engagement in co m m m u n i t '. See the HonoTs Program section of

this ca t al o g for further details.

Honors at Entnmce: These ho n ors are c o n ferred at Ope n ing Conv c a t io n on the mo. t highl)' q u a l i fi ed e n teri ng fresh men . ertificate ar m a iled in earl)' May to h igh s cho o l s for presenta­ tion to rec ipients. The gra n t i n g of Honors


Entrance reco gnize

outstanding high s c ho o l achievement and anticipat

S sll puior performance at the u n ive rs i t y level. These al ards have no monetary value.

ate f;;:llowships are awarded a n n ua l ly to outsta n d i n g senior

students wi th a view to encouraging re c i p i e n ts to consider ollege teaching as a care· r. An undergraduate fcllow is given a va r i ety of opportu nities to s a m p l e t h e professional life and work o f a facuLt, member in h is o r her major disc i p l i ne . A t u i t i o n credit accompan ies the appoi nt ment . CREDIT BY EXAMINATION (CHALLENGE)



permitted, within limits, to obtain credit b)' eX<lmi­

nMion in Ii u of regu lar e nro l l me n t and class attendanc . No mor t ha n 30 s e mes te r hours may be counted toward g ra d ua ­

of students o r progTams may be made, subj e c t to re c o m men d a ­ tion by the Edu c ati on al Policies ommitt t: and approval by the facu l ty. redit by exa m i n a t io n is open to fo r mal l y admi tted, regu l a r status s tu de n t s only and does not co u n t toward the resi d en )' requirement for gra d ua t i on. To r ecei w credit b y exam inat i o n , students must complete a C red i t B I Exam i n a t i o n R cristr, tion Form ava i la blt in t h e Registrar's Office, obtain tht' signatu re of the respe til' de p a r t­

ment cha l r or dea n , and a r ra n ge for the e.xam i n a t i o n with the appropriate i n struc. to r. ' he c o m p l eted fo rm must be returned to the Registrar'. ffice b e fo re the exa m ination is taken . Grades for cred it by examination will be su b m i tted by the instructor a lo ng with a l l other g ra d e - at the end of the term .

CL .EP ge n e r al examinations are given el ect ive credit only. The various s ch o o ls, divisio ns, and de pa rtments d ete rm i n e the speci­ fic liP ubje t exa m i natiuns which may fulfill requirements fo r majors, pr o gr a ms , or gen e ral un i ve rsi ty requ irements i n their respective academic areas. These exa minati ons are s ubject to recommendations by the Educational Pol icies Commit tee and a pp rova l by the faculty.

m c z < m

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>­ fVl

a:: UJ >

J: f-

The m i nimum pas s ing level for CLEP ex amin ations taken at Pacific Lutheran U ni ve rs i ty is tht" fiftieth pe rce ntile . CLEP red i ts granted by other un iversi ties, colleges, and community - o l leges, which arc earned before entrance, are h o n o red by Paciii Lutheran Ulliversi ty. The application of those c redits toward majors, p rogra m." and gen e ral un ive rsi ty req u i r mmts is c o n s ist e nt with school, divisional, and dep art ­ ment p l iei and sta ndard. _ The university does not gran.t credit fo r c o l l e ge level GED tests.


v a ri e t y

f opportunities for i n formal s tudy:

Guest of University Status: Teac h ers and o fficials of other in t i t u t i o ns, visiting s c ho lar s and artist , and other professional

persons who wi h to use university fa cili ties fo r i n dependent study may apply to the provost for cards designating them as uests of the Un ivers i t y. S u c h pel"SOnS, in their use of fa cilities, will defer t o the needs o f s t udent. and faculty members. a

audi ted course by passi ng . n examination set by the i n structor o r t he depart men t . Aud i t fees are the same


credit fees.

fo r the privilege. Because regularly enrolled st udents must be required


' iri ng

to visit classes are

ask perm ission of the i n st ru ct o r. Visitors are guests

of the cia ses and m ust conduct them elves accordin gly.

Stu dents expecting to ful fill degree requirements WITHIN THE A ADEMI YEAR (incl u d ing Allgust) are required to file an application fo r graduation w i t h the Office of the Regist r a r according t o the following: DEGREE COMPLETION



A ug u st 1 9, 1 9 4

lvlay 6, 1 994

June 24, 1 994

De em ber 1 6 , 1994

September 23, 1 994 S e p t e m b e r 23, 1 994 December 1, 1 ( 94

October 1 4 , 1 994

May 1 9, 1 995 There ar

four degree - comp letio n

October 14, 1 994 F ebruary 1 S, 1995

dat s ( t hird summer s e ssi on ,

end of fall semester, J a n u a ry, and sp ring s e m es te r ) . Degre


fo rn1' Uy conferred at August, December, and May commence­

ments. Students w i th January degree dates are

pecled to t ake part in th e December commencement. The actual date of gr ad ua ti on wlll be recorded on t he permane nt records. Stude n t s wlto plan to transfer back to Pacific; Lutheran ni ersilr fo r a degree (math, ph)'si s, en gi neer ing programs) must apply for grad uation befo re or during the first semester of

t h e i r j unior year



Completion o f one foreign language through the second year of college level. This requirement may also be sa tisfied by comp leti on of fo ur years of high school study in one foreign lang uage or by sa t isfactory scores on a proficiency examina­

I I . Completion through th fi rst year of col lege level o f a fo reign la nguage other than that used to satisfy the fo reign lan guage entrance requi re ment . This option may also be met by satisfactory scores on a proficiency examination adminis-

t red by the P LU Department of Languages. III. Four semester hours in history, l i terature, or language (at the 20 I level, or at any level i n a language other than that used to satisfy the fo reign language en trance requirement) in addition to courses appl ied to the general un iversity require­ (college algebra o r above ) , computer sc ience, or statistics in addition to courses applied to the general university requirements. High school languages used to satisfy any of the above options must have been completed with grades o f C or h igher. Courses used to satisfy either category of O p ti o n I I I of the College o f Arts and Sciences requirement may not be used to satisfy general un iversity requirements. Any college-level fore ign and any completion of college-level language through 1 02 used to s a ti s fy Option II may also be used to satisfy the Perspectives on Diversity requirement in Cross- �ultural Perspectives. Ca ndidates fo r the B.A. in English, fo r the B.A. in Education with concentration in English, fo r the B.A. i n Global Studies, for the B . B . A . in I n te r nat io nal Business, and for election to the Arete Society must meet Option I above.


January 27, 1 995

the College of Arts and Sciences (all B.A., B.S., B . A . R c., B . A.P. E . , a n d B . _P.E. d egre es) m u s t meet option 1, I I , o r f I l below:

language course numbered 20 I or above used to satisfy Op tion r

Visiting Classes: Member s of the acaJemic com m u n ity are enco uraged to v isi t classes which i n terest them. No fee is charge given first consideration, persons d

language, or demonstrated equivalent proficiency), ca ndidates in

ments, and fo ur semester hours in logic, mathematics

co urs e is to enroll, with the perm issi on of th instructor, on a non-credit basis_ A n auditor i s encou raged t o r a r ticip atc flLUy in class activ i ties but is n o t held account able for exam ina tions or other written work and does n o t receive a grade. If the instruc tor approves, the course may be entered u p o n the transcript as "Audj t." W i t h the ap proval of the i nstru tor or the depart men t , tbc stu dent may gain cred i t fo r an

Auditing Courses: To audit

language ( two years of h igh school language, one year of college

tion administered by the PLU Department o f Languages.

NON-CREDIT INFORMAL STUDY o encourage l iberal 1earning of a l l ki nd ' , over and beyond enrol l ment in cour � leading towa.rd fo rm a l degrees, the u n iversity offers

COLLEGE OF ARTS AND SCIENCES REQUIREMENTS In addition to meeting the entrance requirement in fo reign

that defici encies may be met before they

leav ca mpus. Attendance a t co mm e n ce m e n t exercises is expccted u n le s s the candidate is exc used by the provost.


niversi t y is


community of scholars, a

com munity of readeTs and w riters. Reading i n forms the i n tellect and libera tes the i magi na t io n _ Wri ti ng pervades our academic lives as teachers and students, both as


way o f comm u n icating

what we learn and as a means of shaping thought and ideas. Our emphasis on l i teracy begins with courses designed to fulfill

the un iversit)' writing requirement, courses in which students learn to use various kinds of academic and personal writing, to read diffe rent kinds of texts more effectively, and to organize the powers o f clear thought and expression. The university's co mmitment to excellent writing is reflected

in the Writing Center, where trained student consultants from a var iety of disciplines help students of varying abilities by reading a n d responding to papers still in draft . A l l fa culty members share t h e responsibility for improving the l i teracy of their students. Faculty in every department and school make w r i t i n g an essential part of thcir courses and show students how to ask questions appropriate to the kinds of reading done in their fields. Students write both fo rmal papers and reports and i n formal notes and essays in order to master the conten t and methods of the various disciplines. They are encouraged to prepare important papers i n multiple drafts. Because errors are a distraction and a s ymp t om of ca reles s ­ ness in all discipli nes, students in all courses are expected to observe tht' conventions o f formal English in their finished work. But literacy is more than correctness. At Pacific Lutheran University reading and writing are part o f the p rocess o f liberal educa tion.


P R O C E D U R E S --I

General University Requirements


in principle as w II as historically, to providing a stro ng l iberal arts b a se fo r a l l its baccalaureate degree program . A cc o r di n gl y, in addition to fulfilling ce r t ain m i n i m um req u i re men ts, all undergraduate students must satisfactorily complete a core curric u l u m .

( 1 h o u rs ) . Normally taken in the second and third years. May in lude approved program of s t ud y abroad. Students s elec t fOUf course ubject to approval of the ISP ,ommitt e. c. II TG 3 5 1 : The Con hI din g Seminar (4 hours)

The u nive rs it y is c o m m i tted,


I . The Freshman Year Program

The Examined Life: [lito VI/certail/ty and Beyond

year core provides a supportively chaLlenging context in which to begi n the quest for, and advent ure of, a larger vision for l i fe. University education i s about more t h a n skills, though these should be developed through active, guided use. University education is about l i berating students fo r cri t i c a l and committed living. Part i c ul a r l y at PLU, the purpose of education is to combine well-developed critical capacities with compassion and vision fo r service. An education a t PLU d evelo p s persons capablc of sustained, reaso ned, and creative conversation and com m i t me n t ill a multic ultural, ideologically p lural world. I n addition t o o r ientation and advising p ro g r a m s , the fresh man l'ear is composed of t h ree courses. One of the two sem inars must be taken in the student's first semester. Fresh­ man year core requirements must be completed d u ring the The freshman

student's fresh man year.

1 .

Il1 quiry Seminar: Writ i ng fo r D is co ve ry (4 h o u rs )

focus on writing, th in king, s p e a k i n g, and way of thinking, of learn­ ing, and o f discovering and ordering ideas. Ta ught by faculty i n any department or school, these seminars are organized around topics that engage students and fac u l t y i n di a l ogu e a n d provide t h e opportu nity to exa m i n e issu es from a va rie ty of perspectives. 1 B. 1I1quiry Seminar: Critical Conversa tion ( 2 hours) These semi nars involve l e a rning how to par t i c ip a t e in the exchange o f ideas t h ro ugh the experience of articulating q u es ti ons , listen ing for meaning a nd n uance in what others write and say, seeing ideas and positions in context. a rgu i n g , moving to consensus, and living with con flict. Like the I A w ri t i ng s e m inars, these seminars are taught b y faculty from va ri ous departments and schools. \-\Then taught i n Janua ry, these seminars a re 4 hours. Ie. Freshmal1 Janua ry Term (4 h o u rs) A co u rse that fu lfills one o f the other core requirements ( lines 1 -4 and 6), designed b o th for freshman students and to take a d va n ta ge of the for m a t o f the January term . These se min a rs

reading. They involve writin g a s a



The lntegmted Studies Program (28 hours) INTG 1 1 [ , 1 1 2 The Idea of Progress (8 ho urs)

Core II:

2. One of lWo Alternative Cores: Core 1 or Core n Core [: The Distributive Core (32 hours)

a. Arts/Literature (8 h o u rs, 4 from each l i n e)


Art, Music, or Theatre

2. Literature (Engl ish or Languages) b. Philosophy (4 hours) c . Religious Studies (8 h o u rs, 4 from each o f 2 l ines) I. B i b l i c al S tudies 2. h ri s t i a n Thought, History, and Experience 3. Integrative and Comparative Religious Studies d. Social Sciences (8 hours , 4 fro m each line) I. Anthropology, History, and Political Science 2 . Economics, Psychology, Sociology, and Social Wo rk e. Natural Sciences, Computer Scie n ce , M a thematics (4 ho urs )

b. Four 200-lcvel t p cou rses

I m c z


3. Mathematical Reasoning (4 b 0 \lIs)

A COlU'se i n m a the m a t i cs o r a p p l i c a t i o ns of mathematics, with emphasis o n numerical and logical re a s on i n g and on using appropriate methods to formulate and s o lve problems. This requirement may also be sa tisfied by the com pl e t i o n ( w i t h at l ea st a B averag e ) or the eq u i vak nt of 4 ye a rs of co l J ege preparatory mathematics ( through mathematical nalysi o r calculus or e q u ivalen t ) .

4. Science and the Scientific Method (4 hours) cour e that tcache th e methods of scien ce , i l lus­ t ra t es its applicat ions and l i m i ta t ion s , and includes a la b o ra­ tory c o mp o n e n t . At least one of th cou rses tal< n to m e t line 4 o r 2 ( ore t , e) must be a cour e i n which the subject is na tur a l sc iences, i.e . . physical or biolo"ical �cience.

A science

5. Writing Requirement (4 hOll rs) All students must comp lete an approved, 4 - cre d it - h o u r

Freshmen sati�fy this requirement th ro ugh the Inquiry Semi.l1ar: Writing fo r Discovery.

writing course.

6. Perspectives On Diversity (6-8 h

urs )

A course in each of t h e following t wo lines. The o n l y 2-hour c o ur s es that can s a t i s fy e i t h e r of th folk1wing l i nes c o mp l tely are the fres h m a n ritical onver ation Semi Jlats ( L B ). a. Altemative Perspect ives (2-4 hours): A course which create an a wa re n e s , nd understanding of diver ity in the Un ited States, d irectly addr ess i ng issues s uc h as e t h n i c i t y, gender, d i sabi l i t y, racism, or poverty. b. Cross- IIltural Persp ectives (2-4 hOllrs): A course t ha t en­ h a nce s cross-cultural understandings through examination of oth r c ult u r es. This requirement may be satisfied i n one of three ways: (i) <1 course focusinT on the culture o f non-Eurl,>-American societies; (ii) a 20 1 or higher- I vel course in a language used to satisfy the admission requ i re ­ ment, or 8 credits in a language not previoll Iy s t u died ; o r ( ii i ) participation i n an appro e d semeste r-lo ng s t udl' abroad progra m . NOTE: 2-4 IWllrs "' 11)' be used 10 jil/jill aI/other core requirem ellt. The I'emaillit'g 4 iJours musl be (I

11 eo

calif e tltat does not


us/y fllijill any oIlier core req uiremen t. rllese 4 '","rs may, how­

ever, salisfy a reqllirement ill tlte major.

All jllllior (/lid sell/or

tramfcr stllde rrts sl/OII take olle perspectives

(4 I,oUf5) fl,at do." Hot sil//lllt(lneollsly fulfill Imoll,er core requirement. All other transfcr stlldelltj must meet the 011 diversity corlrse

full perspec ti ves on

diversity reqllirel//C'rII.

7. Physical Education (4 h ou rs) Four different PE activity c o urses, i ncluding PE 1 0 0 . O ne hour of c red i t rna)' be earned t h r ou g h approved sports pa rtic ipa ­ t i o n . All a ct i v i t i es arc graded on the basis of A, Pa s �, or Fail. 8 . Senior Seminar/Project (2-4 h o u rs as d e S i g n ated by the academic unit of the student's maj o r ) A substantial project, paper, practiclIm, or i n ternship tha t culminates and advance the program of an academic maj o r. The end p r odu c t must be p res en ted to an open audience and cri tically evaluated by faculty i n the student's field. for ,e rtain stude nt s, i n terdiscipli nary courses slIch as the In t e gr a t e d S t u di es C o ncl u di ng Se min ar, the Global S t udies S m in a r, or the Honors Program Challenge Sem i nar may fulfill t h i s requirement.

Understanding RegnrdinrAll Reqlliremelm. f'or those lines of ti,e core wlriell refer to academic disciplilles or llI,its, selected courses olltside those ullits muy cou"t for tile req ui rement

whe" IIpproved bot', by ti,e

ullits and by /l,e commiNee overseeillg tlte core requiremellts.

--I -<



>­ f--V1

IMPLEMENTATION SCHEDULE The freshman wri t i n g sem i n a r requirement shall be i m p le me'nted for all fre h ma n students who ent r beginning fall 1 994. The fresh m a n J a n ua ry term requi rement shall be irnp lcm nted for aU fres h m a n students who enter beg i n ni n g fa ll 1 994. ­



The freshman critical conversations re q u i r men t shall b

implemented fo r all freshman tndents who enter beginning fall I f---

1 995. The a l ural Sciences, Com p ut e r Scienc , a ud Math (4 h o u r s) ; Mat h matical Re a s o n i n g (4 hours); and Science and the Scientifi c Method (4 hours) re u i re m e n t s shall b e implemen ted fo r aU freshmen who en te r be gi n n i n o fa l l 1 995, and or all tra n s fe r students who enter begi nning fa l l 1 996.

Degree & Course Offerings

The perspect ives on diversiry requirement shall be imple­ mented for , 11 freshman s t u de nt s who e n te r beginning fall 1 994, 11 junior and senior tran. fer st u d ents who enter b e g i n ni ng full 1996, and aJl o t her tran 'fer stud nts begin n i ng fa ll 1 99 5 . T h e Senior e m i na r/Project requirement 'hall be imple­ mented for aU fresh m a n students who enter b egi n n ing fall L 994, fo r all j u n i o r ;t n senior transler s t u d e n t s who e n ter begiIllling fa11 1 996, and fo r all other transfer . t u d e n t who e nt er begin ning fal l 1 995.

GENERAL REQUIR.EMENTS AND LIMITATIONS - ALL BACCALAUREATE DEGREES: ( .II credit hours r fe r re d to i n lis t i n gs of requi rements are se me ter hours . ) 1. Total HOl/rs m ld Clmrulative PA : A minimll m of 1 2 8 semester h o u r must be com pleted with grade point average of 2 . 0 ( 2 .50 in tbe Sc h oo l s of B u s i n ess and ducation ) . 2 . Upper Di visioll Courses: m i n im u m of 40 se m sttT hours must be completed from cou r s es numbered , 2 I or above. Courses from two-year ins t i tu ti ns are not cons idered u pp e r division regardless of subject matter parallels. At l e a st 20 o f the mi ni m u m 4 0 semester hours o f upper d i v i s i o n work must be taken at PLU. 3. Final Year in Residellce: The final 32 semes ter h o ur s of a student's program m u st be c o m pl e ted in residence at PLU. No tra nsfer credit may be a ppl i e d d u r in g a st u de n t s final 32 h o u rs in a degre e program. ( Sp e c ia l programs such as 3- 1 , 3-2 and i n t e r i m exchange study ar excluded fro m this limitat ion.) '

Major: 1\ major m ust be completed as detailed by ach school or de p a rt m nt. At least 8 semester hours m u s t be

4 . Academic

taken in re idence. 5.

mdes for

Miljor Courses: All courses

counted toward a maj o r

or m i n o r must be completed with grades of C- or h igher and

w i t h a cum u l a tiv e gr a d e po i n t average of 2.0 or higher in those

courses. De part men ts, divisions, or schools may set h i gh e r

gra de requirements.

6. 44 Hour Limit: Not more

t b aJ1 4 4 hours earned i n one

d e p a r tm e n t may b applied to the B.A., B . S . , B.A. P. E. ,

B.A. Rec., or B.S.P.E. deg rees. 7. Mllsic Ensembles: o n- music m aj o rs may co u n t toward graduiltion requirements not more than 8 semester h o u rs in music ens e mb les. 8 . Correspondence/Extensiol1 COll rses: A maximum of 24 h o u rs in acc redited corre ' po n d en c or exten sion studies may b credit d toward deg ree re q uirements. co ntingent on approval by the registrar. 9. .ommulliry ollege CO llrses: A maximum of 64 h o u r. \ ill be accepte d by transfer fro m an accredited community college. II community college our s are tra nsferred as lower d i vi si o n credit. 1 0 . Physical Edt/catioll COllrses: No more than eighl I -hour physical education a c: tivi ty co urses m ay be cou.llted t o wa rd graduation,

1 1 . Fo reign La nguage Requ iremellt: All

c a n d i d a te s

Academic Structure

College of Arts and Sciences Di l'isiO Ii


nol ish

An th ropology

Econom ics


Ph i l o oph y



of L



all/ml Science.1

C hemistry

ol11put�r Science

B. A. P. E . B . A . Rec ., or B.S.P.E, deg rees must co m p l e t e one of three o p t i o ns i nvo lvi ng a foreign l a n gll a ge r pecifiecl alternative. See ti n de r College ofArts and Sciences.


I Science

Psychol ogy

Social Work and

Marriage & Fam i ly Therapy


Earth Scienc Engineering

M a t hematics Physics

School of the Arts Art Com m u n ication ond Theatre

Mus ic

School of Business School of Educatiou School of Nursing School of Physical Education Degrees Offered Bach l o r of Arts

Master's Degrees 1aster of Arts in CompLlter

Bachelor of Arts in Ed u ca t i o n

Master of

Education Boch l or of Arts in Recreation

Master of Arts i n Social

Bachelor's Degrees Bachelor of Science Bach dor o f Arts

Bach el or

in Physi 31

f Busi ness

Ad ministratio n Bachelor of Fine Arts

Bachelor of l\,1u i

A p p l ication s

Ar t s in Education Master of Arts in Educa ti o n with I n i t i a l

e r t ification


M a ·ter of B u s i ness A d mi ni tration

Master of Physical Education

Bachelor of Music Education

Master o f Science in

Bachelor of Sc ience in Nursing


Bachel or of Mmical Arts

fo r I3.A., B.S.,

Dil'isiOl1 o.f Socill1 Sdl'lIcC$

Bachelor of S c ience in Physical Euucation

Scien e of Science in Nursing

- o m p u ter



M I N O R S 0


Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) Anthropo logy

Anthmpology Co m p ut er Science

A rt

Earth Sciences

P h i l os o p h y



E n gl i s h


C h e m is t r y Chinese Studies

F r en c h

Psychol()gy Re l i g i on



Political Science


Scandinavian Area

. m m un ication

His to ry




Legal Studjes

Social Wo rk


S () c i ol o g y



Communication JOllrnalism

Pu b l i c

R e la ti o ns



Litera t u re

A q llatics

Publishing LInd


Pritltillg Arts

B u s i ne s s


Environmental Studies

Comp uter Sc ie n ce

French German

Communication Earth Scie n ces

E c ()(w mi c s

Cross Disciplitlilry


Electr ical Engjneering

BioIOf,,)' Chemistry C om p u t e r

Engineering 'cience

Elect r i c a l

Political Science


Ps)' hol()gy Public Affa i rs

I n formation Science


Lat i n

Socio logical Data



Biology Chemistry

Economics En gl i s h

English/Language Arts



Political Science




Science So

al Studies


S p a n is h

No r wegi a n

S pecia l Education

Phys i c a l Education


1 00-200 Lower Division Courses: Open to freshmen and soph omo res ' u n less otherwise restric ted.


·ppeT Di visioll Co urses: Generally open to j u n iors a n d

seniors u n le

othe rwise speciJied. Also op en to gradu· te

stu d e n t , and may be considered p:lrt of a graduate fJ rogram p rov i ded they are not specific reqn i remen t s i n p re p a ra ti o n fo r

graduate study.

500-599 Graduate Cou rses: No rmally open Lo graduate students on ly, I f, during the last semester of the senior year,

Bachelor of Arts in Physical Education (B.A.P.E.)

for a baccala u reate degree fin ds it po sibl

Physical Education

requirements with

Bachelor of Arts in Recreation (B.A.Rec.) o ncelltrations in:

Administration Health and P i t ness Manageme n t


Bachelor of Business Administration ( B.B.A.) Concentrat'ions

Acco u n t i n g


M a Jlagement i n f<>rmat- i ()n S)'Slems


Human Resource


Internati()nal Business



ca n di d at e

to c omp l ete J I l degre

registration of fewer than 1 6 semester hou r

of u ndergraduate credit, registrat i o n for grad uate cred i t i� permissible, However, the total regi st rat io n fo r und rgraduate requirements and e lec tive graduate credit shall not exceed 16 semes ter ho u rs during the se m es ter. A memorandum stating that a l l baccalaur ate requirements a re being met duri n g the current semester must be signed by the appropriate' department chair or school dean and presented to the dean o f graduate studi


at the

time of such registration. This registra tion does not apply toward


a higher degree unles i t is later ap p ro ved by the student's adviser

Operations Management

a n d /o r advisory committee. NOTE: Upon tIPI,roval of tlu!ir adviser mrd COlINe instructors, lower divisioll studerlt; may be assigned to upper divisioll courses if prerequisites trave been met.

Bachelor of Fine Arts (B.F.A.)


Art Commu n ication (Broadcasting, Theatre)


Bachelor of Music (B.M.) Instrumental Performance.

Organ Performance

Theory and Co m p() s i t i ()l1

Most li sted cou r es are o ffered every year. A system of alt mating

Vocal Performance

Church Music

a suring a broader curriculum. The u n iversity res rves the right

Piano Performance

B achelor of Music Education (B.M.E.) K - 1 2 Choral K - I 2 I n s t r u m ental (Band Emphasis)

K - 12 Instrumental (Orchestra Emphasis)

upper d iv isi o n co urses is practiced in some departments, ther .by to modify · p e c i fic

cour e

requiremen ts, to discontinue classes in

which the registration is rega rded as insuffic ient, and to withdraw co urses, EXPLANATION OF SYMBOLS

B achelor of Musical Arts (B.M.A.)

Most courses have the va l u e of 4 semester hou rs. Parenthetical


number immediately after the course descri ptions i n d ic a te the

Bachelor of Science in Nursing (B.S.N.)

se mester hour credit given . Other symbols are exp l a in ed a-s follows:

Nu rsing

Bachelor of Science in Physical Education (B.S.P.E.) LOIlCetJtrations

Exe rcise



Health and F it ness M a n ag e m e n t

Complementary Major G l o bal Studic,s

V1 m 0

G\ V1


Lat i n M a t h e m ati c s M us ic

Drama Earth Sciences



W()l11en's Studies

Bachelor of Arts in Education (B.A.E.) A n t h ro p ology Art



Sta t istics


Earth Sciences (Ge()logy Specia l t y)

CUllcentra tions ill:




P hys i cs Psychology




Mathematics ngineering


A n a lysis

N o n\r-eg i a n

Engi neering



Recrell f iOtJ

GI()bal Studies

Legal Studies Ma t h em a t i cs

dJlca t io tl

Health P h),s ics

H i st ory


;;0 m

Da n ce Exercise Science

Ch e m i s t r y Chinese S t u dies


Applied Physics

Ph),s ical Ed u cati() n


The a t re

C o m p u ter



Bachelor of Science (B.S.)




Pre - th e ra p y


Course offered first scmester


Course offcred secol1d semester

I, I I Course offered first mId second semester ill sequel1ce I II COJ-Irse offered either semester


Course offe red ill the suit/mer

a/y Course offered i l1 alternate years a/s Course


offered ill altematc sum mers graduate progra ms

Course may b IIsed in

A N T H R 0 P O L 0 G Y

l'J Z tr: LI.J u.. LL o UJ V1

"" ::J o U

Anthropology tries to bri ng all of the Though anthropology does look at " s to ne s and bone s ," it also exa m i nes the politics, m ed i c ines, fa mil ies, a rts, and rel i gi ons of peoples a n d cultures in various places and times. This ma kes th e study of a nt h ropology a complex- task, for i t in 'olves aspec ts of many discipl i nes, from geo logy and b iology to A n t h ropo l gy

as a


world's peo pl e into human focus.

a r t a n d ps ych o l ogy.

of the spe ci fi c a rea thal is studied, the the observation of different people and cultures--stu dyi ng t h e m as th y really are Rega rdless

essen e of anthropology i s w w

i nstead of how p eopl e think they th rough t h i d et a iled



full pic t u re


or should be. It is

r u dy of all people t hat we ga i n the

of what it really means


hum<lD. is co m p osed f fou r fields. Cu ltural to be


social anthropology studies l ivin g human culture ' in order

t o create

a cross-cultural un de rs tand i ng of human be hav ­

ior. Archaeology has the same goal, but uses data fro m the

ins of t he past cultures to reach it. Lingu istic a nt h ropology tudies human l a n g u a ge to d i sc over what i t can tel l about tbe h u m a n past and behavior i n the P I' s­ ent. Phy ical a n t h ropol ogy tud ies the m e rge n e and sub­ sequent biological adaptations of h u m a n i t y as a ·pecics. physical


FACULTY: H uelsbeck, Ch a i r; Brusco,

argano- Ray, Guld in,

KI i n . BACHELOR O F ARTS MAJOR: 3 4 semester h o u rs, i nd u d i ng 1 02 , 1 03 , J 0 1. or


t 04, 480, 490,

fou r h o u rs chosen from 3 3 0 to

( peoples courses) , four h()urs c h o se n

from 350 to 465 ( t o p ical courses), and eight additional hours ill a n th ro pology, at least four of which m u s t be abo v 2 1 . MI NOR: 20 'ernest r h o u rs , incl uding 1 02 , 1 0 1 o r 1 03 or 1 0 4,

four h o u rs from cou rses n umbered 330 to 34 5 , fou r h u rs rom courses nu mbered 3S0 to 490, and four additional h OLtr' in a n t h ropology.

DEPARTMENTAL HONORS: In recognirion of o ut. t a n d i ng

wo rk, the designation lVith Departlllelltal /1ol1ors ma t be g ra nte d by vo te of the anth ropology faculty bas on th s t u dent's per� mlance in the fol l o wi n g Jreas: 1 . Anthr pology cou rse w or k : 3 . - m i n im u m g.p.a. 2. Demonstration of active interest in anthropological p roject:. and activities ou tside of c l a s s work. 3 . ampl ti o n of a senior thesis. A paper d es c r i b i n g tnlkp en­ dent research mLlst be conducted under t he supervision of departmental fa c u lty. i \ proposal must be a p ro ve d b y t he facu l ty by the third week of clas of the fal l semester for Ma y and summer gra d u a t '$" nd the t h i rd week of class of the sp ri n cr

semester fo r December graduates.

Exploring Anthropology: Mookeys, Apes, & Humans

I n t roduction to hi l og i ca l a nthropology with


spe ial fo cus on

h u man evo lu t t o n , the fossil evidence for h u m a n developmen t,

the role of culture in h u m an evolution, and a co mp a ris on with the' de ve l o p m e n t and social l i fe o f the n o n - h um a n primates. (4) 1 02 Exploring Anthropology: Culture and Society l n t rodu t ion to �ocial·cultural antbropolo

' and cult.ural lin­

guisLics, concentrating on th explora t i o n of til i n finite variety of hwnan en d ea vo r in all aspects of culture a nd ali type of s ociet i es ; from tool-making to language, religion, pol itics, l a w, warfare, fa mily, k i n s h i p and art; trom h u nters and gatherers to i ndustrialists.



Exploring Anthropology! Language and Symbols

Intro d u ction to ant hropological l i nguistic <lod symbol ism. An



of the nature of human l a n guages, i ncluding the

of la nguage; �oul1d


systems , s t r u ctu re and meaning; l a nguage acqu isition; the social co n text o f speaking; language c h ange; non erba l com m u n i al ion; and se� d i fferences in lang u a ge us e. Exp l or at i on f the \ ider i s s u e s f symb o l i c co m mu nication: how symbols order the wo rld and how transactions ill m e a n i n g can be 51:' n ;lS fo rms of s o ci a l a c t i o n . (4)

2 1 0 Global Perspectives: Tbe Wo rld in Change A survey of global issues a ffec ti ng the h u m a n co n d i t i on in a

ra pi d ly ch a n g i n g � nd increasi ngly in terdependent world: modernization and development; eco n o m ic change and i n ter­ national trade; d i m i n i s h i n g resources; w;:'I r and revolution; peClce and j ust ice; and c ul t u ral d i ver i ty. These issues a n' e x a m i ned in a

m ultidi-ci plinary light lIsing cas \! stud ies drawn xo rn non­ Western and Wes tern nations. Em phasis on thr development of a g l o b al perspective \vh ich recognizes human commonalities as II a, d iversity in perccptions, values, and prioriti es. ( referenced with HlST 2 1 0 and POL 2 ( 0) (4) VI'


220 Peoples o f the World An explonltion of the wo r l d 's cultures through anthropological films, novels, and eyewit ness acco u n t ·. ase studies ch o s n from Africa, ative America, sia, the Pacific, and Eura-America p ro­ vide an i nsider's view f wa ys of life diffe rent from o u r own . (2) 225 Past Cultures o( Wasbington State


Ameri ans have lived in \ a sh i n g to n State fo r at least the

las t 1 2 ,000 years. This couce expl o re s t he cult ures

f the people

in coas t,d and i nte ri o r Washi ngton begin n i ng with the first no rthwesterners. An exa mi n J t i( n of t h e ways t h a t c ul t u res change through t i m e u ntil the emergence f the distinctive c u l ­ t u res observed by the earliest uropcan visitors to the area. ( 2 )

230 Peoples o f the Northwest Coast survey oC the ways f l i fe of lht: native peoples o[ coastal Washington, British Columbia, and Sout heastern Alaska fr L11 E u ro pe an co nta t to on temporary tinle:.. f speci, I int rest arc the t ra d ition al methods of I shi n g , �rt. , potlatc hes, status sy lenl ! , a n d wea l th and their impact on t h e modern l i fe of the re gi o n .


330 Cultmes and Peoples of Native North America com p arative s t u d y of a tive l rth Ameri 3n culturcs from their a rr i va l on the ontinent through today. Str s� 011 t r a d i tio n a l societies, th ir history under c olo n i o n and their emergence as vit I contemporary socielies. Examination of

.s. Jnd Canadian

l a ws , pol icies, and contlict , i n cl ud i ng la n d all\:! fi hing claims,

issues of sovere i g n t )', a n d r eL i gi o us ri gh t s .

Course Offerings

1 01

1 03 Exploring Anthropology: Archaeology and Preh istory ideas a n d p r ac t i c e of archa.:o logy, used to exam ine tJle sweep of h u m an prehistory from the earliest s to n e tools to the d e vel op m e n t of a g r i c ul t u r e and met a L l urgy a n d to enri c h our u nderstanding or extinct s o cie t ie s . Local arch ae( logi­ cal sites wil l be e:xamineli (4) I n t ro duc t i o n t o the


332 Prehistory o f North America n archaeological re-onstruction of economic, social, p o l i tica l , a nd re l i gi om l i fe in North America from the time t he first settlers entered the continent d u ri n g th Tee Ages to th� Mound Builders of later times and u l t i m a tely to the first c o n ta c t with Emopeall settlers. (4) 334 Tbe Anthropology o f Contemporary America

investigation of American s o ci a l patterns and p ro b l e ms from a cross-cultural per p ec t i ve; exploration of American so l u t io n s to c o m m on human problems; educatjor1, rdigi n, pol i t ics, fam i l y and concepts of j u sti c e; a determination o f what is u n i que a bo u t the "A merican Way." ( 4) An

designed to give i n s i g h t.

A N T H R O P O L O G Y o

336 Peoples of Latin America Millions of Ame r ic a n s hav n ev e r been n o r t h of the equator. Who nrc th e " ot h e r " A m e r i ca n s ? This survey course fa m i l i a r­ izes the stud 'nt with a broad ra n ge of Latin Ame rican peoples and problems. W h a t remains of t h e g re at Inca e m p i re ? 'vVhat is

l i fe Like in t he Amazonian min forests and in the h igh ndes' Case s t u d i e s and fi l m s as a basis fo r discussioll of theme s r angi ng from v isi on s o f t he supernatural Lo problems of e co n o m ic developmen t. (4)

338 Jewish Culture An ex p l o r a ti o n of Am rican Jewish c a l ture th rou g h its r o ts in the l i feways of Eastern European A sh ke n az ic ]cws and its transfo r m a t i o n in the

n i tI'd S tates. J e wi s h etlm i c i t y and

i d e n t i t y are re la t ed to qu es t i o n s o f as. i m i lation, jewish- e nt i l e relat ions, and cultural persis tence. Emphasis on jewish h isto ry,

re l ig i o n , Literat u re , mllSi , and humor


rdle tions of


J wLh u lt u ral t hemes. ( 4 )

343 East Asian Cultures A s u rvey of the cultu res ,tnd pe o p l es of Eastern Asia, conce n t r a t ­ i n g o n China b u t w i t h c om pa ra tiv e reference t o Japan, Korea, as well as eli rences between t h es e nati()[ls a re st ressed. To pic,5 include religion, art, p o l i t ics, h istory, kLIlSh ip, an d econo mics. ( 4 )

and Vietnam. CulturaJ s i mil a r i ti e s

345 Contemporary China n i mme rs il1t l i n to lhe u l tu re and soc iety C the P .opl ''s Republic of Ch i na- geared to 'posi ag the student to the ways o f Lie of on e- q uarter of humanity; con tem p orary pol i t ics, kin ·h.ip, folk re l ig io n , hu m a n relations; p r o ble m s and p rospects of develo p men t and r a pid so c i a l c ha ng e; relati ons with Hong Kong, TaiwH.n, and o t h er soc ielies. ( 4 )

350 Women and Men in World Cultures An overview of t he variation of sex roles and beha iars t h rough­

out th� world; ev ol u t i o n o f s x role ; t h e o r ies of m a t r ia r c h )', patriarchy, mo t her goddesses, i n nate inequal i t ies; i m p a c t o f

E ur o pe a n p at te


in the world; marr iage pJttCfI1$ from

polygyny to p I ya n d r y ; e�alitarianism to fcrnin i�I11.


metal artifacts; a n a l ys i s of deb r is from food p ro ce s s i n g acti itil's. The class wlll work on t h e a n a l ys i s of materials fro m a rch aeo­

l o g i c a l sites. (4)


370 The First Civilizations The o r igin s of agri u l t Ll r e , wr iti ng, cities, and the state in m a n y parts of the wo rl d , co m p a r in g and c o n t ra st i n g the great c iv i l izations of antiq u i ry, in cl ud i ng Me op o t ami a ,

gypt, India,

A� ia, Mes america, a n d SO llth A merica . ( 4 )


A study of politics and law th r o ugh the po l i t i cal structures a n d proces e � of tr a d i t io na l and contemporary societies; COLl c ep ts o f leaders h ip , facti nalism and feuds, power, a u r h o r i r y revolution,

wo r l d :

Burma, Pak ista n , the Pacific, Africa, Lat i n

America, a n d N a t ive America.



380 Sickness, Madness, and lIeallh

A cross- cul tural e..xa m i n a t i o n of systems of curi n er p ra c t i ce, and c u l tu ral vi ews of physical and m e nta l illness and health; p r ' ve n t io n a nd he a l i n g ; the role o f religi o us views; nat u re and skill: of cu rer�; defi nitions of disease; variation i n d i s ea se s between c la sse s and e t h n -ic gro u p '; impact of modern m e d i cal

and psychological p rac tit i oners,


385 Marriage, Family, and Kinship The idea o f famil y has

wid range of 111 3ni ngs and



p ress ions

cross-cul t ural l y, but e\fcrywh 're it serves a , fu ndamen tal orga p r inciple and ratio nale for rh

allocat ion of valued res()urceS, in l u di ng 1'0\ er and status w i t h i ll domestic groups, and p as o na l and s o c i al ide n t i t ies. Spe i a ' l attention to the e, preSSion of indi id u a l strategi and i n tert'sts in va r iou s dOl11es­ tic con texts. Other to pi c s i ncl ude: the ways in which religion, myth, magic and folklore srrv to a r t i c u lat and conLrol domes­ tic l i fe ; how changing systems o r production a ffect ma r r i age a n d d o mest i forms; hOI." class and ge n de r systems i ntj!rrw ine wi th k i n sh ip , domestic fo rms, and the m e a ni n g of "fam ily." ( 4 ) Anthropology of r el i gio n ; h u ma n i t y's


IlCepts of and relari(>n­

Explorat ions of ho� societi s i n N or th Americ;l a n d ,lfo l l n d the

functions tbat re U g i o n s fultill; exploratio n o f r i tu a ls , beliefs, a n d

world have adapted LO t he i r varied human a n d physical em' i ron­

sy�tems o f m o r a l i t y i n religioll� b o t h " p ri m i t ive" and h i sto ri c a l ;

d i fference I1vironmen ts - from the des er t to temperate woodlands to rhe arc ti c to urban neigh­ borhoods. Global patterns o f va r i a t i o n i n life s tyles and s oc ia l opp rtunities wL ll be stres ed a nd uscu for projections of fu t u r e world pa tte rn . K n ow ledge of locat i on s and ma p re ad i n g w i l l be c:m p h asi z d . Prt' requ i ' ite: 102 or consent of in · t ru c tor. ( 4 )

origins t ) [ r l ig i n;

tion, ecolog)', a nd anatomy. The i mportant l ig h t that they can shine OD human phys i ca l and social characteristics is i nve. tig ted as

welJ as their place in an increasingly ho t i l e environment.

xtens ive ob ervation of p ri ma te beh a vior at the zoo is an integral


of the course. ( 2 )

An exa m i n a t i o n of the natur

of eth n i c groUpl; in Ame rica and

abroad; the va ry i n g bases of et h n ici ty (culture, religion, tribe, "race," etc. ) ; prob lem,

of gro u p

id en t it )' and b o u nd. r

nance:!: t h n i c symbol ; e thn i c politic ; e t h n ic

and ethnic hu mo r, (4)

m a i nte­


365 Artifacts, Ecofacts, and Archaeology L ab oratory i n t rpret at ion of 3rcilae l o gi ca l materials. Tecil­ ll iques used in i n te rp re t i n g past human eco l o gy, techno logy, ;m d e o nomy.

na lytical pr cedu res fo r bo ne, stonc, c.:: r amic, :l nd


ience "versus" re lig io n ; the n a t u re of rea lil),.

( Cross - re ferenced wi t h

RELI 392) ( 4)

465 Archaeology: The Field Experience A field ch�s i nvolvi ng the e xc ava t io n of a historic or prehistor i c arc haeo logical site, wilh emph asis on ba5ic excavation skil ls a nd

record keeping, fi el d m a p p i n g , d ra fti ng, and photography. The labo r a tory c ove rs artifact processing and p re l im i n a ry ana ly is. Prereq u isite: 1 0 1 , 1 02. o r 103, or co nse n t of i n structo r. (4) 480 Anthropological Inquiry A11 historic and t h e ma t ic study of the theo retical fou n datio ns of socioc u l tural a n t h r po logy; research methods; how t h e o r , lld methods are u ed to establish a n t hropolo g ical lU1 owled ge . Re qu ired of m a j o rs in the i r j u nior or senior year. all' ( 4 )

490 Seminar in Anthropology

S lected t C l p ic

360 Ethnic Groups


onfLi ts o f natio nal and local-Ie el legal 'ystems. Exam p les from a ro u nd the

sh i ps Lo th e supe rn a t u ra l ; examination o f persona.! and gr up

357 Primatology su rvey of the d iverse order of m ammals, the prim at , which in cl udes h u m a n . , Focus o n a wide range or non-buman primates and th ei r evolutionary t ren ds , social behavior, social organ iza­


and olha reactions t'O colo nization; law a n d c o n fh ct resolution;

392 God > Magic, and Morals

w i dt' l y


375 Law, Politics, and Revolution

354 GeogTaphy and World Cultures: People, Places and Prospects

men ts . Ca.. �es drawn from


in contemporary a n t h ropolog


be investigated

through st u d e n t research and con, ullation. Required of majors

in th e i r j u n i o r Qr senior ycar. Pr re q u isi t e f dcpartrne.ntal COIlsent. a/y ( 2 )


ot her students:

491 Independent Stndy: Undergrodu8le Readings Read ing i n sp�c ific a reas




of an thropology under

su p ervision of a fac u lt), me mber. Prerequ i site: departmental consent.

( 1 -4)

492 Independent Study: UndergradWlte Fieldwork S t ud y of spec i fic areas or i s s u es in anthropology through in - fiel d method ' of analysis and research supported by appropriate



reading under supervision of a faculty member. Prerequisite: 490 cons n t . ( 1 -4)

FACULTY: Hallam, Chair; Cox, Geller, Gold, Keyes, Tomsic. Artists-in-Residence: Berg, Doyle, Wold.

501 Graduate Workshops Graduate wo rkshops in special fields or areas fo r varying periods

The department has sought to min imize prerequisites, enabling students to elect courses relating to their interests as early as possible, but majors are urged to follow cou rse sequences closely. It is recommended that students in terested in majoring i n art declare their major early to insure proper advising. Transfer students' s tatus shall be determined at their time of entrance. The department reserves the right to retain, exhibit, and reproduce student work submitted fo r credit in any of its courses or programs, including the B.F.A. candidacy exhibition. A use or materials fee is required in certain courses.

ancl depa.r t m c n tal

o lJ.J

0:: ::J o U

o f time. ( 1 -4 ) 590 Graduate SeEninar Selected topics a s announced. Prerequ isite: consent of the instructor. ( J -4) 59 1 Directed Study ( 1 -4) 595 Graduate ReadJngs I n d ependent study card required. (4)

BACHELOR OF ARTS MAJOR: Minimum of 34 semester hours, including 1 60, 250, 230 or 350, 365, 370, 499, and the art history sequence ( I 80, l S I , 380); 1 1 6 or courses in teaching methods may not be applied to the major. A maximum of 40 hours may be applied toward the degree. Candidates are registered in the College of Arts and Sciences and must satisfy general uni versity requirements, including a core curriculum (Core I or Core U ) , a n d the option requirement.

598 Research Project ( 4 ) U1


599 Thesis (4)

Art In t h i s time of rapidly changing concepts a n d an almost daily emergence

f new media, e m p h asi s mllst be pl a ced


a variety of experien ces and creat ive flexibility fo r the artist and the d . ign r. tudents w i th p rofess ional con足 cerns mllst be p re pa r d to meet the modern world w i t h bo th techn ical skil ls an9 the capacity fo r innovation. The department's p rogram therefore st r es se s individualized

development in the use of m j nd and h a nd h ighly p ro fe s sio n a l fac ult y well -equ i pped st udios, and a comp re足 .


hensive c u rriculum o ffer diverse opportunities for study in

visual arts. Students may choose among a general ized program l ea d i ng to a Ba c h e lo r f Art d gre ; a more specialized p ro gra m fo r the Bach lor of Fine Arts, in wh ich each candidate develops some area f c om p eten ce; or a degree program in art education fo r teaching on several levels. Rece n t g ra d u a tes are empl o yed in a var ie ty of fields. Several have b e co m e establi hed as p a i n t e rs p r i n t m akers, or 'C ulptors; some a r e successful studio p otters ; o thers have gone i nto com mercia! phot graphy o r film a n i m a足 th


tio n-even the p roduction of fea t u re films. The television i l1 d u s t ry employs


o th e rs. A n u mber a re working i n t h e

d e s ign fi eld as graphic designers, i l lustrators, package designers, or art di rectors in firms around the country, in New York, Ch icago, L o s Angeles, and Seattle.. Alu m n i have been involved in museum work a n d erve on the fac ult ies of v r i o u5 educational institutions, i ncludi ng elementa ry, secondary, commu nity college, and university levels.

Som studen ts go d i rectly from the field of interest.

uni 'ersity into their

tbers find i t desirable and a p p ropriate to

g r ad u a t e school. tany a l u m n i have been acce p ted i n to prestigious g r ad u ate prog i'ams, both in this country and abroad. The various fields of a rt are competi tive and dem a nding in terms of comm itment and effo rt. Nonetheless, there is alwa ys a pl a ce for those who ar xtremely skillful or h i gh l y i magina tive or, ideal ly, both . The depttrtment's program st resse both, att ITI pting to help each student reach that ideal. Instruc tional resources, when coupled with d ed icate d and energetic s t u dent s, h a ve resulted in a n u nusu a lly h i gh perce ntage o f g ra d uat e s bei ng able to

attend a

satisfy their vocational objectives.

BACHELOR OF FINE ARTS MAJOR: Minimum of 60 semester hours, i n cluding 1 60 ; 226; either 230 or 250; the art history sequence ( 1 80, 1 8 1 , 380); 8 add i tional hours in 2-dimensional media, 8 additional hours i n 3-dimensional media, and 4 hours in art history or theory (390, or as app roved by the department faculty); requirements and electives in area of emphasis; and 499 ( candidacy seminar). 1 1 6 or courses in teaching methods may not be included. Candidates are registered in the School of the Arts and must satisfy general university requirements, including a core cu rriculum (Core I or Core I I ) . B.FA. in 2-Dimensional Media Areas of emphasis: a minimum of three courses required in one area. Drawing/Pa inting:

160 Drawing 260 I ntermediate Drawing 360 Life Drawing (R)

365 Pai n ting I 465 Painting I l (R)

Prin tmaking:

370 Printmaking I 470 Printmaking II ( R ) Film Arts:

226 Black and White Photography 326 Color Photography 426 Electronic I maging Irzdependent. Study (may be applied


any area):

490 Special Projects (R) 492 Studio Projects (R) ( R ) - may be repeated for credit B.F.A. in 3-Dimensional Media Areas of emphasis: a minimum of three courses required in one area. Ceramics:

230 Ceramics I 330 Ceramics I I 430 Ceramics I I I ( R ) SClIlpture:

250 Sculpture I 350 Sculpture I I ( R) Crafts:

238 Stained Glass 1 2 5 5 Jewelry I

338 Stained Glass II ( R ) 355 Jewelry n ( R )

Independent Study (may be applied to any area):

490 Special Projects ( R) 492 Studio Projects (R) ( R) - may be repeated fo r credit

A R T o m

B.F.A. in Design Requ ired basic seque/lce:

396 Design : , r ap h ics I 4 9 1 Design: Wo rkshop

1 96 D sign I : Pu nda mentals

296 Des i g n n:

Elective cotlrses:

on cepts

398 Drawing: r I l u lr at io n ( R ) 49 ! Design: Wo r kshop 496 e s ig n : GrJphic s I I

1 6 0 D rawing dealing Ivith the basic tech nique �nd media o f drawing. (4) A coursc

( R ) - may be repeated for credit BACHELOR OF ARTS I N EDUCATION: Sce School ojEduca tiolJ. MINOR IN STUDIO ART: 20 s emes t e r h o u rs, including 380, 4 hou rs in 2 -d im ensional media,


1 16 Design in the Contemporat')' World An e xa m i n a t i o n of contemporary des.i g n with a fo c us o n trends in advertising, fashi n, a u to mo t i ve , product a n d i n terior design. Inc l u d es a section on color theor y and p e rce p t ion and the. basic elements of design. Requires no artist ic/design b a c kgr o u n d . ( 4 )

hours in 3-dimensional medi a ,

and 8 ho u rs of s t udio art ele tives d r awn from upper d i v i s i o n ou rses in lea h ing methods (34 1 , 440) rna I D o t be applled to the min or. co u rses.

M INOR IN ART mSTORY: 24 semester hou r ' , including 1 8 0 and 1 1 , 1 2 hours in art history/theory eleclives, and 4 hour I n studio electives. NOll- concentration courses ( 1 1 6 ) , practical de s i g n COLI!'. es ( 1 96, 296, 396, 398, 49 1 , 4 ) , and courses in teaching methods ( 34 1 , 440) may n t be appl ied to th min r. PUBUSHING AND PRINTING ARTS MINOR: The Publi h ing and Pr i n t in g Arts m i o or is cross-referenced with the Department of English. See the description of that minor u n d e r English.

Course Offerings

180 History of Western Art I surve)' tracing th development of Western arL a n d arcbit tLl!'e from prehistory to t lC end of the M iddle A ge s . (4) 181 History of Western Art I I survey o f W tern art and a rc h i te c t u re from the Re n a i ssance to the 20th century. (4) 196 De ign l: Fundamentals An i n troduction to de s ig n thro ugh the t u dy of basic tec h n ique.s,



th eo ry, and comp s iti on.


226 Black and While Photography A studio class in ph o to gr ap h as an <lr form. Primary COl1centra­ tioll i n basic camera an d darkroom techn iques. Students produce a p o r t fol i o of pr in t s with an emphasi.-; on creative e, 'pression and ex:p rimen ta t i o n . (4) 230 CeranUcs I Ceramic materi al s a n d techniques i n c l u d in g hand-built and whe I -thrown meth ods, cia and glaze fo r m a t io n . Includes a su rvey of c e r am ic art (4)

STUDIO 160 Drawing 196 Design I: Fundamentals 226 Black and White Photography 230 Ceramics I 2S0 Sc.ulpture I 260 Intermediate Drawing 296 Design 11: Concepts 326 Color Photography 330 Ceramics n 34 1 Elementary Art Education 350 Sculpture n 360 Life Drawing 365 Painting I 370 Printmaking I 396 Design: Graphics I 398 Drawing: llJustration 426 Electronic I maging 430 Ceramics ill 465 Pointing 0 470 Printmaking U 490 Special Projects/Independent Study 49 1 Design: Wo rkshop 492 Studio Projects/I ndependent Study 496 Design: Graphics 0 499 Senior Exhibition

250, 350 Sculpture I , n once n tralion on a a r ticular med i u m of s cu l p t u re including metals , wood, o r synthetics; special ectious emphasizing work from tbe human form as well as opportu n i ty fo r mold making and c ast i ng . 250 must be taken before 350; 350 may be taken twice. (4,4)

H ISTORY AND THEORY 1 10 Intl'oduction to Art 1 1 6 D esign in the Contemporary World 180 History of Western Art I 1 8 1 History of Western Art I I 380 Modem Art 390 Studies in Art History 440 Seminar in Art Edw:ation 497 Research in Art History-Theory

33 1 The Art of the Book I St:e En� l is h 33 \ . (4)

260 Intermediate Drawing Drawing taken be yo n d the basics of 1 60. Expansion of media forms, and solutions to compositional 1 roblems. Po sibilit), of p ursuing special ind i v i d u al i n ter sts, w i th pe r m iss i o n . Prerequ i ­ site: 1 6 0 or consent of i ns tr u c t or . (4) 296 Design l l : Concepts An investigation of the. process of c re a l i ve problem s o l v i n g in a method ical and organized m a nn er. Includes projects in a va rid y of d e s i gn a rea . Prerequisite: 1 96 or conse n t o f In truclOr. ( 4 ) 326 Color Photography Exp l o r a t io n of the i s su e s of bo th painters and p ho tograp hers. Students learn to m a ke 0101' prints and pro es color ne.gatives. Includes a h i s to r i c al su rvey of color photography as wcll as per p cc t i es of co n t emp o ra ry artist' . ( 4 ) 330, 430 CeranUcs I I , III Techniques i n ceramic o ns t ru c t i o n a n d experiments i n glaze formation. 3 3 0 mu, t be taken before 430; 430 may be t a ke n twice. Pr req u i s i te : 230. (4,4)

34 1 Elementary Art Education A t udy of creat ive growth and develo pmen t; a r t as s t u di o projects; histof} and therapy in the classroom. (2) 350 Sculpture II

(See 250)

360 life Drawing An 'x:ploration of human fo rm i n drawing media. May be re p e a ted for cre d i t . Prerequisite: 160 or consent of instructor. ( 2 )


(') o c v. m o




a VI 0:::

::::J a u


365, 465 Painting I, n M d i <1 and tech niqlH!s of p a i n t i n g in il or a c ryl i c s. 365 must be taken be are 465; 4 65 may be taken twice. Pre req u i site : 1 6 0. ( 4,4) 370, 470 Printmaking 1, I I M 't h ods nd !11 dia o f fine art p r i n t m ak i n g ; both h a n d and p h to processes i n vo lv in g l ithographics, i n ta g l i o and screen printing. 3 70 must be taken before 470; 4 7 0 ma I be taken tw i ce . Pre req u is i le : 1 60 or con se nt of instructor. ( 4,4)

of art from 1 9 00 t o the present, with a b r i e f t E u rop ea n a nd A m e r i ca n a n t ece d e n t as they apply to

contemporary d i rec tio ns . (4)

LW LW 0:::

390 Studies in Art H i tory A sel ct d area of i n q u iry, u c h as a hi st or y of American art, Asian art, the work of P i cas s o , or similar topics. M ay be repeated fo r c r ed i t . (4)


396, 496 DeSign: Graphics I, II Design and exec u tion a p r i n ted m terials; e m p h asi s on techrLical proc d u res and problems in mass co m mu ni ca t i o n .


exp lores advan ed te ch n iqu es w i t h m u l t i p l e color, ty pograph y, a nd oth r complex problems. 396 must be t a ke n b e fo re 496. P re re q u isi t : 160 and 2(6 or conse n t o f instructor. (4,4 398 Drawing: mustration Advanced pro jects i n drawing/illustration. Exposure to new c o n ­ cept and t c h n i q u e s a da p t abl to fine art a n d com me rcia l a p p l i ­ cation . Prerequ isites: 1 60 a n d 196. May bc re pe a ted once. ( 4 ) 426 Electronic imaging An in troducti 11 to omp uter-ass isted photography in w h i c h stu­ dents learn applications, develop aestheti c strategies, a nd e n ga ge the e th i al issues o f this new tec h n o logy. Em p h a si s on

exploration ,lild p rob l e m oiving men t . Pre requi sites: 22


wi t h i n the Maci ntosh e nv i ron ­

and 326 or

co nsen t of i nst r u

tor. (4)

430 Ceramics I II (See 330) 440 Seminar in Art Education f ins t T u t ion in the �econdary sch o o l i n c l u ding a pp ro p ri a te media and CUlTicu l u m d evel o p me n t. a/y (2)

A stud


46S Painting 0 (See

( 1 -4)

R e qu i red of all art majors. Students work closely with their advisers in aU p h ases of the preparation of the exhibition. Must m aj o r in art (B.F.A. or B . A . ) , senior status, reasonable expecta­ tion of comp le t i o n of all depa.rtment and un ive rs i t y re qu ir e ­

ments fo r g ra du a t i o n . ( 2 )

School of the Arts The School of the Arts of Pacific Lutheran University is a commun ity of artists dedicated: to provide energies and facilities for the focused refi ne­ ment of crea tive actj vity; to operate in the vanguard of artistic understanding and to assume an additive rather than i m itative position relat ive to that understanding; to p ursue study of both the h istorical and theoretjcal aspects of our creative legacy; to recognize chang in artistic criteria without devaluat­ ing the tradit ional concepts of discipline, craftsmanship, and academic professionalism; to foster activity free from the caprice of the market­ place but, by virtue of its subs tance, not aloof from nor incompatible with practical concerns; to animate and " humanize" the academic climate of Pacific Lutheran University via the creative presence by sponsoring a rich and varied program of events in the arts; and to provide the stude n ts of Pacific Lutheran Univer­ sity an opportunity to experience first hand the unique "chemistry" of the creat ive process. FACULTY: Ba r t a n e n , Acting Dean; Facu l ty members o f the


De par t me n ts of A rt , Communication and Theatre, and Music.

470 Printmakiog II (See 370)

DEGREES OFFERED by the School of the Arts in clude the

490 Special Projects/Independent Study Ex p l o ra t i on of the poss i bilities of selected studio areas , i nc l u di n g xper imen tal te c h n i q u es. Emp h a s i s on dev e lop m e nt of indi­ v id ua l s tyle s , media approaches, and p ro bl e m so lut io ns. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisites: j u_nior s ta t u s , minimum of two co urses at 200 1 v l o r

program approval by department faculty.

499 Senior Exhibition

be taken in the s t udent's final semes ter. Prerequisites: declared

380 Modern Art The d eve l o p me n t l o ok

497 Research in Art History-Theory A t u t or ial course for maj o r students with research into a p a r ti c u l a r aspect of art h i s t o r y or t he o r y. May be repeated fo r credit. Prerequisites: s en io r status, consent of i n str uc to r, and


in affected medi u m with


2.- CPA, con sent of i n s tr u tor and department chair. (2 o r 4 )

49 1 Design: Workshop A t u tor ial wurse wbi h may dea l w i t h a ny of severa l aspects of t h e d e s i g n tleld wi t h particular emphas is on p ra ctic a l exp erie n c e and building a p o r t fo l i o . (2) 492 Studio Projects/Independent Study A tutoriol program. for s t u d e n ts of ex cept i o n a l talent. In-depth i n d ividu,d investigation of a p a r t icular medium or set of tech nial problems. Only one project per semester may be undertaken. May be r epe a te d fo r credit. Prerequ is i tes: declared major in art, en ior s ta t u s, cons n t of instr ctor, wrillen propo al. program a p p roval by de p a rt m e nt fa c ul ty. Students m eet i n g the above re quir men' but with less than a 3 . 0 CPA in the m aj o r may be 1 quir d to p rese n t addi tional evidence of e l ig i h i l i t y. ( 1 -4)

496 Design: Graphics n (See 39 )

B.P.A. ( B achelor of Fine Arts) i n art and communication and t h e a t r e; the B.M. (Bachelor of Music), the B. M.A. ( B achelor of

M u s i ca l Arts); the B.M.E. ( Bachelor o f Music Educatio n ) . Students may a l s o earn the B . A . (Bachelor o f Arts ) , b u t this degree is awarded t h ro ugh the College of Arts and Sciences.

CandidateS fo r all degrees must meet general u n ive(sity r e q u i re ­

ments and the specific re q u i re m e n ts o f the D e p a r t men ts of Art, Co mmun ication and Theatre, or Music.

For d e t ai l s about the B.A.E. (Bachelor o f Arts in Education) in art, commun ication and theatre, o r music, see the School of Education. For c o u rse o ffe r in g s , degree req ui rem e n ts , and p rograms in the School of the Ar t s , see A rt, Com m u nication and Theatre,

and Music.

Course Offe ring 341 Integrating Arts in the Classro om Methods and procedures for i n t e g r ati ng the arts ( mu s i c , visual, drama, da n c e ) i n the classroom a n d across the curriculum.

Offered for students

p rep a r i ng

for elementary classroom

te ac hin g . Meets state certifi cation re q u i re me n ts in b o t h music

and art. II ( 2 )

B I O L O G Y o m

process, not merely to delivery o f facts. Facts form the

hours required for the B.A. degree. At least 1 2 hours in biology must be earned in residence at P LU. Each student must consult with a biology adviser to discuss selection of electives appropri­ ate for educational and career goals. Basic requirements under each plan for the major are listed below.

fo un ation o f science, but to b e a science student requires

Plan I-Bachelor of Arts: 32 semester hours in biology, includ­

Biology The Department o f Biology is dedicated to the teaching



than accumulating facts. The biology faculty stresses

gathering inform ation, process ing new information in the context of that already available, retrieving appropriate information, and interpreting observations. To learn science is more than to learn about science: it is to learn how to ask questions, how to develop strategies

i ng 1 6 1 , 1 6 1 A, 1 62, and 323, plus 19 additional hours. Required supporting courses: Chemistry 105 or Chemistry 1 I 5 and Math 1 40. Recommended supporting courses: Physics 125 (with laboratory 1 3 5 ) and Physics 1 26 (with laboratory i 36). Plan II-Bachelor o f Arts-Comprehensive: 36 semester hours

m m

(') o c ;0 (,I) m

in biology, including 1 6 1 , 1 6 1 A, 1 6 2 , and 323, plus 23 ".dditional hours. Required supporting courses: Chemistry 1 1 5, Chemistry 1 1 6, and Math 1 40. Recommended supporting courses: Chemis­ try 3 3 1 (,,,ith laboratory 3 3 3 ) ; Physics 1 2 5 (with laboratory 1 3 5) and Physics 1 26 (with laboratory 1 36 ) .


made a part of their thinking: to independently question it,

Plan I II-Bachelor o f Arts-Chemistry Emphasis: 2 8 semester


probe it, try it out, experiment with it, experience it.

hours in biology, including 1 6 1 , 1 6 1 A, 1 62 , and 323, plus 1 5 additional hours. Required supporting courses: Chemistry 1 1 5, Chemistry 1 1 6, Chemistry 331 (with laboratory 3 3 3 ) , Chemistry 332 (with laboratory 334), and either Chemistry 32 1 or Chemis­ try 403 ; Math 1 40. Recommended supporting courses: Physics 1 25 (with laboratory 1 3 5 ) and Physics 1 26 (with laboratory 1 3 6 ) .

which might be employed to obtain answers, and how to recognize and evaluate answers which emerge. The department is therefore dedicated to encouraging students to learn science in the only way that it can be effectively

Members of the department faculty are trained across the total spectrum of modern biol ogy, from population biology through molecular biology, and have professional teaching and research expertise with a ful l range of organisms: viruses, bacteria, fu ngi, plants, and animals. The diversity of courses in the curriculum provides broad coverage o f contemporary biology and allows flexible planni ng. Each biology maj o r completes a three-course sequence in the principles of b iology. Plan. ning with a faculty adviser, the student chooses upper division biology courses to meet individual needs and career objectives. Extensive facilities are available, including: herbarium, invertebrate and vertebrate museums, greenhouse,

Plan IV-Bachelor o f Science: 40 semester hours in biology,

i ncluding 1 6 1 , 1 6 1A, 1 62 , and 323, plus 27 additional hours. Required supporting courses: Chemistry 1 1 5, Chemistry 1 1 6, and Chemistry 33 1 (with laboratory 3 3 3 ) ; Math 1 5 1 ; Physics 1 25 (with laboratory 1 3 5 ) and Physics 1 26 (with laboratory 1 36), or Physics 1 53 (with laboratory 1 63) and Physics 1 54 (with laboratory 1 ( 4 ) . Plan V-Bachelor of Science-Research Emphasis: 40 semester

equipped for studies of Puget Sound. Students are invited

hours in biology, including 1 6 1 , 1 6 1A, 1 6 2 , 323, and 495, plus 2 5 additional hours. Required supporting courses: Chemistry 1 1 5 , Chemistry 1 1 6, Chemistry 3 3 1 (with laboratory 3 3 3 ) , and Chemistry 332 (with laboratory 334 ) ; Math 1 5 1 ; Physics 1 25 (with laboratory 1 3 5 ) and Physics 1 26 (with laboratory 1 36 ) , or Physics 1 53 (with laboratory 1 63 ) and Physics 1 54 (with laboratory 1 (4 ) .

to use these facilities for i ndependent study and are

BACHELOR OF ARTS I N EDUCATION: Students interested i n

encouraged to participate i n ongoing faculty research.

this degree develop their biology program through the Biology Department in conjunction with the School of Education. Such st udents should have a biology adviser. See the School of Education section of the catalog for recommended biology courses and other pertinent information.

research microscopy room, growth chambers, containment fa ilities for recombinant DNA research, darkroom, walk­ in cold room fo r low-temperature experiments, electronic instrument room, various research labora tories, a field station located in Manchester State Park, and a boat

Career avenues for biology majors are numerous. Faculty members are committed to helping students investigate career opportunities and pursue careers which most clearly match their interests and abilities. The department maintains a comprehensive career information

MINOR: At least 20 semester hours selected from any biology

fiJe, as well as a file devoted

courses. A grade of C or higher must be earned in each course. Prerequisites must be met unless written permission is granted in advance by the instructor. Applicability of non- PLl: biology credits will be determined by the department chair. At least eight credit hOllrs in biology must be earned in residence at P LU. Consult the department chair for assignment .)f a minor adviser.

to graduate tra ining in the

biological sciences. FACULTY: Alexander, Chair; Carlson, Crayton, DoLan, Gee,

Hansen, Lerum, Lindbo, Mai.n, D.J. Martin, Matthias, McGinnis. BACHELOR OF ARTS or BACHELOR OF SCIENCE MAJOR:

The major in biology is designed to be flexible in meeting the needs and special interests of students. Several options for major programs are available. In each plan the student must take the principles of biology sequence ( 1 6 1 , 1 6 1 A, 1 62, 3 2 3 ) . mple­ tion of this sequence (or an equivalent general biology sequence at another institution) is required before upper division biology courses can be taken. Courses not designed for biology majors ( I I ! , 1 1 2, 20 I , 205, 206) cannot be used to satisfy major requirements unless those cou rses are taken before completion o f Biology 1 6 1 ; under no c i rcumstances can more than 8 hours from courses desigJled for non- majors be cowlted toward completion of major requirements. Independent study (49 1 , 492, 495) and cooperative education may be used for no more than six of the upper division biology hours required for the B.S. degree, and for no more than fou r of the upper division biology

Course Offe rings I I I Biology and the Modern World An introduction to biology, designed primarily for non-biology

majors. Fundamental concepts chosen from all areas of modern biology including the environment, population, human anatomy and physiology, genetics, evolution and biological controls. Lectures, laboratories, and discussion. 1 1I (4)

.,., .,., m



I II Humanistic Bolany


:=l o u

An i ntrodu t i o n to t h e b as i pr i nci p le, of b iol o gy with an em ­ p ba i � o n p l a n ts ,l nd their i m pact on p e op le. 1iJpics incl uded are: b a si c pbnt structure an d fu nc t io n ; p oi s o n o us p la n t s ; m e d i c i n a l p l a n t.; foo d pla nts; pro p aga t i o n of h o u se plants; home care of p l a nts; p l a n t identification. I n cl u d es laborato ry. (4)

1 6 1 Principles o f Biology I : Cell Biology Cellular and molecular levels of bi logicaJ orga n i za t ion ; ceU ultra-st ructure and phys io lo gy, Mendelian :tnd molecular genetics, energy t r a n s d u ct ion . I nc l u des l abo r a t o r y. Co - reg i s t ra­ tion i n B i o l o gy 1 6 1 A re qu i re d. and co - registration in C h e m i s t r y ( 1 04 or 1 1 5) reco m me n ded . I (4)


lJ.J u.J

Perspectives in BioJogy

A serie o[ o n e - h o u r s min 3,rs presented by the b i o l og y fa c u lty to int rod uce uegi nning st u de n t s to the b ro ad range of con t em p o ­

rd l'Y b i o lo gy. to the research and p ro fessional i n t er sts of the fa c u l t y, and to the biology p ro g ra m at P LU . Re q u ired




m aj o r s

in conjunction with 1 6 1 .

f all

I (1)

1 62 Principles of Biology I I: Organismal Biology An in t ro d u c t i o n to animal and plant tissues, anatomy, a n d

p hys i o l gy, with s p ecia l m ph is on flow r i n g plants a nd vertebrates as m o d e l systems, pins an i nt ro d u ct i o n to a n i m al and p l a n t development. Includes l a bora to ry. Prerequisite: l ) 1 . I I (4)

201 Introductory MicrobioJogy The growth, c on tr o l . phy i o l ogy, isolation, and identification of microorga n isms. espe c ia l ly those which affect h u ma n bei n gs . I n l udes lab o ra to r y. Prerequisi te: CHEM 1 0 5 o r on ' en t of i n s t r uc to r. I (4) 205, 206 Human Anatomy and Physiology First semester: matter, ells and tissues; ne r vo us , endocrine, s ke l et a l , and muscular systems. La b o r a t o ry i.ncludes cat dissec­ t i n a n d e xpe r i m e n ts in muscle phys i ol og y and reHexes. Second scm s ter: c i rc u l a t o r y, respi r a to ry. d ige s t i ve . excretory, and re p ro d u c t i ve systems; m e t a b o l i s m . temperat u re reg u i J t i o n and ·tress. L ab o ra t o r y in lu des c at d i ss e c t ion , p h ys i o l o gy xpcri­ meJ1ts, a n d s tu d y of developing o r g an i s m s . 205 ( I ) p re requ i s i te to 206 ( I I ) . (4,4) 323 Principles of Biology ill: Ecology, Evolution and Diversity

Evolution, ecology, b e h a \' io r, and a systematic survey of life o n earth. I n clud es lab o ra to r y. Prerequisite: 1 62 or consent o f d e p a r t m e n t chair. I (4)

324 Natural History of Vertebrates Class ification, natural h i s t o r y, a n d c o n o mi c i m p or ta n c e o f vertebrates with the 'cep t i o n of birds. Field trips and la b o r a ­ tor),. Pr r equ i s i te : 323 . all' [ (4) 326 Animal Behavior Descr ip t i on , classifica t i o n . cause, fu nction, and develo pmen t of the behavior of a n i m a ls . Lectures emphas izE' an ethological app roa c h to the s t u dy o f behavi r fo usin g on c o m p a r iso ns among species, as well as physiological, eco logical. J nd evolu­ t i o nary aspects of behavior. La b o ra to ry is not r igi dly scheduled and will co n s is t o f a b eh avio ra l investigation of the students' ch o o s ing . Prere q u i s i te : 323 or c o n se nt of i llstru tor. rr (4) 327 Ornithology 'he st u dy of birds w i th emphasis on local s pe c i e s ' des ig ne d for student � ith h bby interest as well a fo r advanced biology students. Field trips. rncludes lab o ra to ry. P rere q uisitl': 323 or co nSe n t of i nstructor. I I ( 2 ) 328 Microbiology The structure, physiology, ge n e t i c s, metab lism, a n d e c o logy o f microorga n is ms. IncluL es laboratory. Prerequisite: 323 or consent o f instructor; one semester organic c he m i str y r c o m ­

mended. II (4)

331 Genetics

Basic concepts i n c l u d i. ng consideration of mol ec u l a r basis o f



ression, recombination, genetic variabili ty, and

cons i deration of cytogenetics a n d po p u l a t io n ge ne t i cs . I ncl u d e s

lab or a t o r y. Prerequisit : 323 [I (4)

340 Plant Diversity and Distribution

sy s te m a t ic introduction to p l a n t d ive rs i ty. ln te ra c ti o n be twee n

p l an t s , theuries of ve" etational d ist r ib ll t io n . Emp h as is on higher

plant ta.x()l1omy. I ncludes laboratory and fie l d t r i ps . Pr requ is i te: 323. II ( 4 ) 346 Cellular Physiology

Deals with ho w cells are fu n c t i o n a l ly o rganized; e n zy m e kinetics

Jnd re gula t o r y mecha n ism ,

b i o c h e m is t r y of macromolecules.

ner y m et ab o l i s m , memb rane st Tucture and fu nc t io n , u l t ra­

as m o d el systems . Prere q uisites: 323 a n d o n e seme tef of organic chemistry or c o n se n t of instructor. I I (4)

struct u re, cancer cells

341 Cellular Physiology Laboralory

A laboratol'y e xp e r i e n ce in t ec h n iq u e s and types of in ' t rumcnta­ t i on often n co u n te r e d in b ioc h em i c a l and cellular research i n cluding animaJ cell culture, cell fractionation, use of ra d i o t r ac ­ ers, biochemical assays, membrane p h en o men a, pec tro ph olo m ­ etry, res p i ro me t r y. tv!ay b lected o n l y by students with a se r i o us interest for t h is type of t ra i n i n g; not req u i re d with 346. orequisit Iprerequisite: 46 or CHEM 403 and con ent o f instructor. I I ( 1 ) >

359 Plant Anatomy and Physiology Higher plant s t ru t U ft: a n d functioll fro m ge r m i n a t ion to senescence, i n c l u d i n g basic a n a t o m y, seed uermination, water rel at ions, res p i r a ti o n , m i ner al n u t r it i o n, p ho t o sy n th e s i s, growth re gu lat o rs , and reprod uc t i o n . I n cludes lab o ra t o r y. P re r e q u i s i t es: 323 a n d one semc " tel' of orga nic c h e m i s t r y. I (4)


Comparative Anatomy of the Vertebrates

h i s t o ry of th e vertebrate bod), ( t h e evol u t i o n a ry story uf the vertrbrates is better known [han any other a n i m a l g ro u p ) a n d a n i n t roduction t o emb r yo l ogy, the s t r u c t u ra l a n d fu n c ­ tional � n a to my of the vertebrate is presente d. I ncl udes labora­ tory dissections fol l o w i n g a systems approach. Mammals are featured p lu s some o bs ervati o n a l and com pa r a tive , tu dy with a human cadaver is included. Knowledge of vertebrate s t r uc t u r e is f practical value to workers i n many fields of bio log y. Prerequisite: 3 2 3 . IT (4) ft

r a

385 Immunology [mmun I gy is the stud), of the biological p ro p e r t i es which enable a n or ga n i s m to reo pond to changes within itself w h en t he cha n ge s represent the p r es e n c e of fo r e i gn s ubstances, either fro m t h e external en v i ro n m e n t or self- i nduced. ,onsideration of the b io l ogy and chemistry of im mi1I1C response: the sp ecifi c i t y of the orga n i m's im mune reactions, the types and roles of ly m p hati c cells. c he m ic a l and functional characteri ·tics of i m m u n o gl ob u ­ lins and com plement, gene t i c control of the immune response, hyper-sensitivity reactions, nd i mmu n o d e fici e nc y diseases. Practical ramificarions r ndud me t h od ' of imm unochemical anal 'Sis <llid clinical ap p l i ca t i o n s. Prerequis i tes: 32 , either 346 or CHEM 403. I (2)

403 Developmental Biology The devel pment of m u lticellular organisms. e m p h a s iz i n g c

l Iu l a r and molecular bases fo r de vel o p men t . M aj o r t op i c s

incl ude fert il ization. early cmbryonic d eve lo pm ent , the o r ig i n o f

ell differenc>s during early development, g e n e t i c control o f de ve l o p m e n t , cel lu l a r d i ffe rentiation, m orp h o ge n e t i c processes, a n d the spec i fication of pa t tern in developing systems. Labora­

tory addresses biochemical and molecular aspects of develop­ merit. Prerequ i si [e: 323. J (4)

B U S I N E S S o

407 M olecular Biology An introduction to mol ecu la r b i o l ogy, e mph as izin g the central role of ON in cnkaryotic cells. Topics include: fou ndations (D st r uc tur e as genetic storehouse, c e n t r a l do g m a of molecula.r biology, recombinant 0 A te c h no l o g y ) ; function (re g u l a t i o n of gene expression, genome o rga n i za t i o n a n d re a rr an ge me n t ) ; fr o n tie rs ( c a n c e r, d e vel opm e n t , evo l u t io n , gene t ic e n g i n e er i n g - m et hodo l o gy, app l ic a t i o n s , t re n d s , i m pli c at io n s ) . Laboratory features an introduction to basic recombinant DNA te chni qu es . P rereq u i s i t e : 3 2 3 . 1 (4) 4 1 1 Histology

of n or ma l cells, tissues, o rgans, and organ systems of vertebrat s . The emphasis is m a m mali a n . T h is study is both str u c tura l l y and physiolo g i c a lly oriented. Prerequisite: 323. [ (4) M i c roscopic s t u dy

A new business curriculum will be implemented beginning

in thjs section. Students who enter the u n iveJ:sity as fresh­ men or sophomores beginning faB 1995 , and


j uniors or

seniors fall 1 996, will follow the requirements under the new


curriculum. Please refer to the eclion on the new curTi

The m i s s i on of the S cho o l of Busi ness


to �timulate


development and ongoing i mprovem ent of the whole person a n d co m m u n i t i es we serve by p ro v i d i n g



innovatiy , and q u a l i t y busi ne"s ed u ation i n the liberal arts p i rit.

4.26 Field Methods in Ecology Sam p l i ng te c hn i qu es and a n a lysis of natural ecosystems. Independent p roj ec t required. Prerequisites: 323 and 424 o r consent of i ns t ru c tor. [[ ( 2 ) 44 1 Mammalian Physiology Functions of p r i nci p a l mammalian organ systems, emphasizing c o n t ro l m ec h a n is m s a n d ho m eo s t a tic re l atio nsh ip s . Human­ orien ted l a b o ra tory includes work i n c i rcu l at i o n , cardiography, psychophysiology, and other a reas . Pre re qu i s i t es : 323 and CHEM 33 1 . Anatomy and biochemistry recommended. I (4) 4 7 5 Evolution

Evolution as a p ro ces s : sou rces of variation; forces overcom i ng ge n e ti c inertia in populations; s p e ci a t i o n . Evolution of genetic systems and of l i fe i n relation to eco lo g i ca l theory and ea r t h h is to r y. Lecture and discussion. 'Term paper and m i n i-seminar req ui re d. Pr ere q u isi te : 323. I a /y 1 994-9 5 (4) 4.90 Seminar ' e l e c ted to p i cs i n b iolo g y based on literature and/or original research. Open to j u n i or and senior b iolo g y majors. ( l ) 4.9 1 , 4.92 Independent Study Investigations or research in areas of special i nterest not covered

by regular courses. Open to qu a l i fied j un ior and senior majors; students should not elect i n depen d e n t study unless they know i n a d va nce the specific area they wish t o inves t i g ate a n d can demonstrate a serious i nterest in pursuing that investigation. It is suggested that the student spend one semester searching perti­ nent literature and writing a proposal ( for one credit hour) and a

s con d semester actually arrying out the project ( for one more credit hour ) . Prerequisite: written proposal for the p roj ect ap­

proved by a fa c u lt y sponsor and the department chair. [ II ( 1 -4 ) 4.9 5 Directed Study

Original ex per i me n t a l or theoretical research open to upper

division s tud e n ts i n t e n d i ng

to g rad u a t e with a Bachelor of Science-Research E m p h a s i s . Requires a written proposal approved by a faculty sponsor and the de p a r t m e nt chair. ( 2 )

n o C ::<J V\

lum for information about changes.

Organisms in relation to their environment, including

4.25 Biological Oceanography The ocean as e nv i ron m e n t for plant and animal l i fe; an introduc­ tion to the structure, dyn am i c s , and history of marine ecosys­ te m s . Lab, fi e ld trips, and term project in a dd iti o n to lectu re. P rereq u i s i t : 23 . II (4)


fall 1 995. The requirements and courses listed in this catalog will be replaced by new requirements and c.ourses Listed later

4.24 Ecology

o rg a n is m a l a d a p t a t i on , population growth and interactions, and ecosystem structure and function. Prerequisite: 323. I (4)


School of Business

Through competency-based degree p ro gr am s , students

the ess ent i al skills to help busi ness meet the demands o f an ever-chang ing environ ment. Students master the fu nd a m e n ta L of teamwork, com mu nication, t chnology, problem-s lving, in the School of BusL ness de v e l op

leadership, multi-cultural managem nt, and change m a nageme n t to help them becom successful leaders in business organizations and in the comm u n i ty. FACULTY: M cCann, Dean; Polcyn, Associa/(' Dean; Ahna, Bancroft, Barndt, Barnow , Bern iker, Finnie, Gibson, H g tad, K i b be y, Ma c Don a l d, McNabb, C. M i l l e r, Myers, Ramagiia, Sepi c , S um n er, T h ra s h er, Va n \Afyh e , Yager, Zulauf.

professional B ac h e l o r of Business Admi n i s­ t ration degree program i s composed of an upper division business curriculum w i t h a s t ro n g base i n l i b e ra l a rts. To be admirted to th e School of B u s i n e s , a s t u de n t musl: l. Be officially admitted to the university, a n d 2. Have s uc c e s s fu ll y c o mp l et e d 24 s e me s t e r hou rs, and 3 . H ave a minimum cumulative g r ad e point average of 2.50, and 4. Have completed a n d/or be curre n tl y e n rolied in: MATH 128, CSCI 220, CON 1 5 1 - 1 5 2 , STAT 23 1 a n d BUSA 28 1 ; a n d 5 . D e cl a re a m aj o r or m i nor in b usiness. Access to upper division business courses is l i m i ted to students with a cumulative g ra d e point average of 2.50 or above who h a ve met the r e q ui red p re re q ui s i t e s .


The School of Busine s of Pacific l.utberJn a member of the American s s etnbly of Collegiate Schools of B u s i ne ss . The B. B . A . , M . I3 . A., and accounting pro­ grams are n at i o na l l y accredited by the Accred i tation Co un c i l of the A.A S B . The School is privileged to h ave a student ch a pte r of Beta Gamma S igm a , thl:' national busines. honorary s o c i e t y rec­ o g nized by the AA , B. Pacific Lu theran U n i ve rsit y is accredited re g i o n a l ly by th e Norrhw st Ass o c i a t i o n of S ch ool , and , lleges. AFFI LIATIONS: U n ivers i ty is

DEGREE REQmREMENTS: The Bachelor of B u s i n es s Adminis­

of a m i n i m u m of 1 28 semester g ra d e p oi n t average of 2.50 or above as w 11 as a 2.50 g ra de point average sepa rately ill b u si n e ss courses. C- is the minimal a ccept a b l e grade for business o u rses. At least one-half of the m inimum total de g ree requirements tration degree program c ons i sts

ho urs completed w i t h an over-all

are taken i n fields outside the School of Business. At least 40 semester hours are taken in requir d and electi e b us i n ess

s ubjec t s . A m i n i m u m of 20 semester

t ake n in residence at PLU.

hours in bllsine s must be

B usi n e ss de g ree and concentration re q u i re m e n t s ,ue estab­ lished at the time of maior declara tion. Students with a declared major in busi ness who h ave nol a t t e n d ed the university for a period of three years or more will be held to the busi ness degree e men ts in effect a t the time of re-entry to the un iver ity.

o m

z CI V\




Management Information Systems

Required s upporting courses: MATH

o w VI 0:0

::J o u

w w

1 28 or ( 1 5 1 and 230) or ( 1 5 1 , 1 5 2 , a nd 3 3 [ )

E C O N 1 5 1 - [ 52 ( form erly E .ON I S O)" esCI 220 or (CSCI 1 44 , 270, a n d 3(7) STAT 23 1 EeON el ctive ( lipp er div is i o n )

Minimum semester hou r in supporting cour

4 3/3

4 4 4



Requ ired business courses:

B SA 230 L,l\v and Society F ina J1Cial Accou nting B , A 282 M an age me nt Acco un t i ng B SA 350 M a n age m e n t BUSA 3 5 4 H u m a n Resource Management B SA 364 Managerial Finance BUSA 370 M a rketin g S y s te ms B SA 4 5 5 Business PoLicy B USA electives ( u pp r divis ion)

4 4 4 4 4

BUSA 2 8 1


4 4 8

40 "ECON 130 mny be substit wed Jl! r ECON 152 with llpp roval from tile 'chool of Business. CONCENTRATIONS: A s t ude n t may elect to complete

one or more concentrations within the Bachelor of B us iness Ad m i nis ­ tration program. (Cour cs taken to fu l fi ll concentration requirements \ i ll abo meet genera l B.B.A. requirements.) The conce ntration, whi h is noted on the student's transcript, mus t be com p lete d with at least a 3.00 grade p o i n t average. C- is the m i n i ma l acceptable grade for con entration courses. A mini­ mum o f eight semester hours o f the total req u i red fo r a concen­ tration must be t a ke n in residence at PLU. Accounting

BUSA 28 [ Finandal Accounting BUSA 282 Management Accounting BUSA 380 Ac co un t ing Systems BUSA 38 1 I n te rm e d i , te Pinancial Accounting BUSA 382 Advanced FLnancial Acc o unt i ng BUSA 385 Cost Accou nting BUSA 483 I n co m e Ta" ation BU A 484 Au diting Finance

BUS A 364 Managerial Finance BU A 462 Invest ments BUSA 463 Portfolio Analy is a nd Management BUSA 464 Fi na nc i a l nalysis a nd S trategy BUSA 38 1 Intermediate Accounting or 465 I nternational Finanrjal Ma nagement ECO 352 intermediate Micro Economic Amlysis or ECON 36 t Mon y and Banking Human Resource Management BUSA 3 54 Human Resource M a nagement

llUSA 454 O rg a ni za t i o na l hange and De ve l o p me n t BUSA 457 Productivity a n d t h e Quality o f Work Life 13 SA 458 Advanced Human Re so u rc e Ad ministrat.ion CO 321 Labor Economics International Business

BUSA 340 I n ternational B u s i n es s BUSA 465 International Fi nance BU 'A 474 International Marketing ECON 3 3 1 I n ternational Eco n u mics Two y ars of one college level fore i gn language (or equivalent) Travel and study abroad, ad d i ti o n a l cou rses in o th e r cultures, and international experie nces are recommended.

( ompletion of t h i s concentration also fu lfills the requirements fo r an lnformation Science minor within the Department of omputer Science.)

C C1 144 i n t ro d u c t i o n to Computer Science CSC I 270 Data S tructures CS I '67 Data Base Management BU A 325 Information Sy,tems in Organizations BUSA 380 Accounting Systems BUSA 4 2 1 Systems Design a n d An a l ysi s BU A 428 Seminar in Management I n fo r ma t i o n Sys t e ms Marketing

BUSA 370 Marketing Systems BU, A 47 1 Marketing Research B SA 475 Marketing Management Two of the follow ing:

BUSA 472 Advertising and ales Management BU S A 473 Industrial Ma rketing and Purchasing BUSA 474 International Marketing PSYC 462 Consumer Psychology

Operations Management

BUSA 350 Ma nagement B A 385 ost Accounting BUSA 450 P ro d uc t io n and Operations Management B SA 47 3 Industrial Marketing a nd PurchasiHg MINOR IN BUSINESS ADMINISTRAT ION: Required supporting co u rses:

MATH 1 28 or ( l S I and 230) or ( l S I , 1 52 , an d 3 3 1 ) ECO 1 5 1 - 1 52 ( for m er l y ECON 1 50)* 'SCI 220 o r ( C S CI 1 44 , 270, and 367)

4 3/3 4 4

Minimum emester boW's in supporting rour es:


STAr 23 1

Required business cou rses:

BUSA 28 1 Financial Accounting BUSA 350 Management I3USA 364 Managerial Fina nce BUSA 370 Ma r ket i n g Sys te m s

M inimum seme ter hours in business course s:

4 4 4 4 16

' E CON 130 may be substituted fo r E ON 152 with approvnl from the School ofBusiness. A minim um grade point average of 2.50 in business co u rses is req uired for the millor.

ACCOUNTING CER11FI CATE PROGRAM: The accounting ceItificatc program is av ai l a b l e for students who hold a baccalau­ reate degree (any field) an d wish to compl te the educational requirements to sit fo r the �.P.A. examination. Contact the Schoo! of Business for further i nformation. MASTER OF BUSIN£SS ADMIN ISTRATION:

See Grad uate tlldies.

Course Offerings Courses numbered 1 00-299 are avai l a b l e tu all s t u d ents . Courses numbered 3 2 1 -499 are op e n to stude n ts with junior standing, the required prerequisites, and a 2.50 c u mu la t i ve g.p.a. Courses nu mbered 500-599 a re re se rve d for st ud e n t s in th e M,B.A . prognm 3 nd s tu den t s in u ther PL graduate programs who have an a p p roved field in business. Law and Society A s t u dy of the American legal system and the legal relationships among the natural environment, i ndividual s, g ro u p s, business organizotions, governmental agencies, and the judicial system. Current business and social p roblems are addressed from a


B U S I N E S S o

gl ba l p rsp e c t ive with an emphasis on busine s ethics and social r �onsibility. Prerequisite: o phom o rc st a nd i n g. (4) 281 Financial Accounting An in troduction to accou nt in g concepts and pr i n c i p l es . Valuation tbeories in the U. S . compared to those in other nations. Preparation ( manual and o m p u t e r ) and anal)'sis of financial rep rts. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing. (4) 282 Management Accounting I ntrod u ction to the use of accoullting data in planning, co n trol , and decision making. Top ics include cost-vo lume-profit relationships, cost ac co u n t i ng methods, management accounting syst m , an d budgeting; s preadshe t appli c a t i o n s; i n ternational a p p l ic a t i ons of performance evaluation systems. Prerequisites: 28 1 ; M TH 1 2tl, CSCI 220 ( o r equivalents) . So phomore standing. ( 4 ) 325 lnformation Systems i n Organizations I n t roduction to the fundamental co n ce p t s of systems and informa tion as t h e y apply to decision- making in organizations. A focus on complex systems and the assumptions, models, and thi nking processes u ed in t heir design an j mana g em e. n t . Ethical and de i.sion-making implications f i n fo rm a t i on systems lvill be e )(plore d . Prerequisites: MATH 1 28, C! 220 (or 1 44) ( o r qujvalents); Junior standing. (4) 340 International Business I n tegrated sfudy of i n te r n a t io n al busines functions, and related concepts , practices, and p o l i c i e s, u s i n g project a nd GJse a n al yses . This is the prin cip al business administration course for students in the Global Stud i es I n te r n a t i onal Trade m inor. Prerequisites: 28 1 , 350; EC N I 5 1 - 1 52, STAT 2 3 1 ; EC N 3 3 1 . (4) 350 Management A c r it i cal ex.amination of the principles and processes o f admini­ stration i n an increasingly international conte>.""!. Management techn i qu es and the functions of plan n i n g, orga nizing, l ead i ng and directing, and controlling are discussed from the class ical, behavioral, and more recen t i n tegrative points of v iew. Induded is the study of concepts a n d ch ar, cteristics related sp e c i fi ca l ly to the o p e r a t ions function. I n t rodu tion to case analysi, and problem solving techniques. Prerequisites: 28 1 , E 0 1 5 1 - 1 52, STAT 23 1 ( may be concurr nt). Junior standing. (4)


35-4 Human RcsoUJ"ce Management Detailed exa mination of the behavior of individ uals and gro ups in business organizations, with emphasis on p o l ic i es and practices fo r solving problems. l'undamemals o f person nel! human resou rce procedures in the U.S. nd other countries. International aspects of human resource management will provide insight into the problems o f managing foreign opera­ tiaw. Prerequisites: 28 1 , 350; ECON 1 5 1 - 1 52; ST T 23 1 . (4) 364 Managerial Finance I n troduction to the p rinc i p a l problems. theories and p rocedures of financial management: valuation, financial plann ing, financial statement analysis, capital asset acquisition, cost of ca p i t al . financing st r ategie ( including c api ta l stru ct u re theory and dividend p o licy ) , management o f working capital acco u n ts, and flll,mcial d i me n s ion s of i n ternational t rade ( i n c luding foreign e, c h a n ge risk, c o u n t ry risk, translation gains and losses) . Prere uisit : 2 8 1 ; MATH 1 2 8 , S 1 220 ( o r equ.ivalents); ECON I S I - i 52; AT 2 3 1 . Jun ior standing. (4) 370 Marketing Systems The flows of go od s and services in the U.S. and global econo­ mies; economic and behavioral approaches to the ana l ys i s of domestic and international de man d; th ro le of marketing fu nctions in b u s i n ess and not-for-profit organizat ions. Determi­ nation of a marketing mix: product p o l i c y. pricing, channels and physical d istribution, and m a rke t ing c mmuuications. Prerequi­ sites: 28 J ; M ATH 128 ( or eq uivalent) ; E ON 1 5 1 - 152; STAT 2 3 1 . Junior standing. (4)

380 Accounting Sy terns St u dy of the de si g n , impleme nt a t i o n . a nd operation of manual and o m p u te.rized account i n g i n formation systems. Prerequi­ sites: 28 1 , 282; MATI! 1 28 , - ! 2 20 , (or equivalents ) . (4) 381 Intermediate Financial Accounting Con entrated study of the .onceptual framework of acco u n ting, valuation theories i n the . . and abroad, asset and income measurement, financial statement di closures, and fo reig n currency translation for m u l tinati onals. Prerequisites: 28 1 , 282, 380; M ATH 1 28 , 1 220, (or equivalents). ( 4 ) 382 Advanced Financial A�connting Concentrat d study f equity measurem nt including the aspects of partnersh ips. corporations, and consoLida­ tions. Also includes accounting for multinational corporations and not-for.profit organizations. Prere qu i si tes : 2 tl l , 21:\2, 3 0, 3 8 1 ; MATH 1 28 , CS 1 2 20, (or equival nts). (4) 385 Co t Ac�ounting Development an d an a l ys is of cost i nfo r mati o n for management use in decisi on making, income determination, and performance ev a l u a t i on, using a va ri e ty of co mputer and quantitat ive t e c h nique s. Internat ional i m p lications arising from the use of traditional inventory models. Prerequisi tes: 28 1 , 282; ).I!ATH J 28. CSCI 220, ( o r equivalents); STAT 23 1 . ( 4 ) 392 Internship A p ro g ra m of full-time experience closely related to the student's specific career and academic interests. The student is expected to develop the internship opportunity with a fi rm or o rganization, and the School will provide an i n ternship agreement. This agreement identifies the problems to be researched, ex pe ri e n ce to be ga i n e d, and related readings to be accomplished. Monthly progress rep rts and other measure$ of achievement will be us ed to de tl! rm ine the grade. o t more t h a n 2 hours of credit will be gr a nted for a ful l month of internship, and not more than 8 h o u rs of accumulated credit wil l be granted fo r the i n ternship s taken. The i ntern sh ip must be taken for a grade if used to meet one of the required upper division busine s e le cti ve co urses. Prereq uisites: 2 tl l , 282, 3 50 ; MATH J 28, Cl 220, ( o r equ iv a ­ lents); ECON 1 5 1 - 1 52 ; STAT 23 1 ; one additional course in the st udent's area of co ncen tration. ( 2 or 4) 393 Stu dy Abroad Cr dit is offered for PLU - s p o n so r e d academ i or ex pe rient i al study in other countries. Stu dents may s p e n d a s u m m e r, semester, Janu ary t rm. or full academic year a b r o a d. 42 1 Systems Design and Analysis I n formarion systems an al ys i s and design fo r management decision m a k i n g . E m p h asi s is on the organ.ization of t he s)'stems a n al ys is a n d development proce � . Exercises and case . tudies deal with informalion Jna ly is and with t h logi ca l specification o f a pr ojec t . Prerequisites: 28 1 , 325 ( may be concu rrent ); MATH J 28, eSC! 220, (or equivalents ) . (4) 428 Seminar in Management Information Systems Exp loration o f curr n t topics in the development and use of management i n formation systems and decision support systems. Emphasi. on i n formation systems project which are applicable to fu nctional areas of business or gove rnm e n t . Prerequisites: 28 1 , 282, 3 25, 380. 42 1 ; M TH 1 2 8 (or equiva len t ) ; CSCI 220 ( o r CS 1 144, 270, 3 6 7 ) . ( 4 ) 435 Business Law An i n - d epth st ud y of t h e legal principle · governing busi ness entities a n d commercial transactions. Study includes tran ·ac­ ti o n s governed by the Uniform Commercial Code including sale · , se c u re d transactions, negotiable i n strumen t · and letters of credit, both in tbe U.S. and in international tr;msactions. Among feder al statutes stu died are those dealing with securities. cmpl lyment and antitrust 3S well a s tatc l aws 01] real estate, estates, trLIsts and wi lls. P re re qu i si te : Junior standing. ( 4 )


n o c ;;0 V\ o


Z Q V\



450 Production and Operations Management

mance. Description of existing equilibrium asset pricing models

S tud y of key concepts, quantitative techniques, and practices

in finance . Prerequisites: 28 1 , 364, 462; MATH 1 2 8 , CSCI 220, (or equivalents); ECON 1 5 1 - 1 52 ; STAT 23 1 . (4)

a pp l ie d by dom

. tic ,w d for ign management to the production

o f good and services. I ncl udes examination of facility design; work design and measurement; quality assurance techniques ;

o v,

and production pl.nn ing, control, and scheduling methods.

3 50; MATH 1 28; CSCI 220 ( o r equivalents); 1 5 1 - 1 5_; STAT 23 1 . ( 4 )

P rerequis ites: 2 11 1 ,


454 Organizational Change and Development


Examination of the need fo r change in organizations, u si ng a


diagno lic approach and employing appropriate strategies to develop human resources vital to every organization's economic viabili ty. E m ph a s is o n developing the skills o f an internal change agent with kno ledge o f evaluation methods and IIlterventlons

that fa cilita te planned change. Pre re qu is i tes : 28 1 , 350, 3 54; 1 5 1 - 1 52; STAT 23 1 . (4)



455 BusiD� Policy Study of organizationa1 administrati? n fr� m top management . p erspe c t ive . Formulation , nel xecut l on of strateglcs and p olIcies . to integrate all management , n d buslI1ess functIOns organizati onal

o bjectives .




support of

Implications o f resource ava Jlabillty,

te ch n olog y, and the economy; e d u

tion, re l i g i o n , eth ics, and

lues; social responsibiliry; public policy; and

in te rn a t ion a l relation for top ma nagement deCiSIOns. I n cludes comprehensive case analyses. Required fo r business administra­

t i on maj o r s . Prerequ isi tes : 2 11 1 , 282 , 350, 354, 364, 370; MATH . 1 28, eSC! 220, ( o r equivale n t � ) ; ECON 1 5 1 - 1 5 2 , STAT 2 3 1 . Senior standing. ( 4 )

456 Honors Seminar Integrative capstone experience for senior students in business a dm

i n is t ration . Comprehensive case analysis and field study

d rawi n g on the stu de n t's knowledge of all business fu nctions.

f plans and policies reviewing relevant SOCIal, ethical, r eJ i gi ou s , economic, legal, and i n ternational issues. This c o u rse can substitute for busin 5S p o l i c y, BUSA 455, but reqlmes a higher grade point average. Prerequi ites: 28 1 , 28 2, 350, 54, 3 4, 370; MATH 1 28, �Sc [ 2 20, (or equivalents); ECON 1 5 1 1 52 ; STAT 23 1 . ellior standing. ( 4 )


457 Productivity and the Quality o f Work Life E xaminati n of the s o c io te ch n i cal determi na n ts of o rgan i za ­ t i o n a l and i ndi \r id ual productivity, with subsequent exploration of is lIes that affcct quality of wOLk life i n service and manufac­ t u r i ng indu trie .

o m parison o f


and fo rcign firms and

c u lturcs will provide reasons for dlfte ren ces and




Prerequisites: 28 1 , 3 50, 354, 454; ECO


1 5 1 - 1 52;

STAT 23 1 . ( 4 )

458 Advanced Hnman Resource AdDlinistration Detailed coverage of modem h u m an reso urce procedures: job anal ysis, e m p loyee sele c t io n , trai.ning and career development, compensation, safety and health, labor relations. Review of the U.S. legal context of employme n t practices in other coun tries. Prerequisites: 18 1 , 350, 354; ECON 1 5 1 - 1 5 2; STAT 23 1 . ( 4 ) 46 2 Investments Emphasi on co ncept , principles, and issues rela ting to individual securiti es: risk, ret u r n, and va l u ation of bonds, preferred stock, common s toc k , options, warrants, convertibles, and utUIes; determination and teml struct ure of market mterest rates; market transactions st ructu re; ca pi ta l market efficie ncy. Pre r quisites: 2 8 1 , 364; MATH 1 28 ,

S r 220, ( o r equivalen ts);

E ON 1 5 1 - 1 52; S 'AT 23 1 . (4)

463 Portfolio Analysis and Management The i m p lications o f modern i nvc · t1nent t h eor y for b ? nd

portfo l i o management. Emp hasis o n management or II1tcrest rate risk and clientel

proced ures o f managerial finance ( valuation, capital budgeting, planning and control, growth strategies, financing strategies, leveracrc and capital structure theory), as well as treatment of




464 Financial Analysis and Strategy An extension of t h e conceptual and analytical pri n c i p les and

effects in the bond ma rkets and on

modern portfolio theory and i� i m p l i cation for individual invest ment decis ions . Methods fo r evaluating p o r t folio p erfor-

select d special topics. Context i s b o t h multinational and domestic. Extensive use of computerized financial models and cases. P rereq u i site s : 2 8 l , 364; MATH 1 2 8 , CSCI 220, ( o r equivalents ) ; ECON 1 5 1 - 1 52; STAT 2 3 1 . ( 4 ) 465 International Financial Management Anal ysi s of direct and indirect international investments; i n ternational regulatory environment; international money flows and capital ma rkets; international risk. Prerequisites: 2 8 1 , 364; M ATH 1 2 8; CSCI 220 ( o r eq u i va l ents ) ; ECO

1 5 1 - 1 52; STAT

23 1 ; ECON 3 3 1 ( m ay be concurren t ) . (4) 471 Marketing Research and Consumer Behavior Te chniques a n d uses of marketing research i n t he busi ness

. decision-making process. Emphasis on research deSign, varIOUS

su rvey methods, research instruments, and sampling plans as they relate t o marketing consumer products and services in domestic and international environments. Contemporary behavioral science concepts to b e examined and incorporated in select ed marketing projects. Prerequisites:

28 1 , 370; MATH 1 2 8 , CSCI 2 2 0 , ( o r equivalents); ECON 1 5 1 - 1 52; STAT 2 3 1 . (4)

472 Advertising and Sales Management The role of promotion activities (advertising, personal se l ling , sales promotion and publicity) in t h e domestic and international marketing of goods and services; analys is of target markets; developing market potentials; media selection; designing th �

pro m o t ional message; evaluation and control of the promotIOnal

mix. Prerequisites: 2 8 1 , 370; MATH 1 2 8 (or eqUival e n t ) ; EC O N

1 5 1 - 1 52 ; STAT 23 1 . (4) 473 Industrial Marketing and Purchasing Analysis of the industrial buyin g and selling process i� domestic and In ternational business exchanges; p u rchas1l1g poli Ci e s and procedures; selection of sources of supply, including interna­ tional sourcing; ethical standards; marketing problems of manufacturers and supp liers of industrial goods and services; deve loping and i m ple me nting domestic and gl obal ind ustrial mark et i ng strategies. Prerequisites: 2 8 1 , 370; MATH 1 28 ( o r equivalent); ECON 1 5 1 - 1 5 2; STAT 23 1 . ( 4 )

474 International Marketing Introduc tion to mar ke ting problems and opportun i t ies facing U.S. firms in an i n ternational marketing context. Covered are the changes necessary i n

m a r ke tin g

programs whenever business

transactions cross international boundaries;

the economic and

cultural fo rces that make these c h anges necessa ry. Prerequisites:

2 8 1 , 370; MATH 1 28 ( o r equivalen t ) ; E ON 1 5 1 - 1 52, 3 3 1 ; STAT 2 3 1 . (4) 475 Marketing Management Analytical approaches to the solution of domestic, international, and m ultinational marketing problems. Developing strategies, p l a n n i ng , and admin istering com prehensive marketing p ro ­ grams; u s e o f compu ter models; evaluation J n d control o f marketing operations. Prerequisites: 28 1 , 370, one 400 level marketing course; MATH 1 2 8 ; CSCI 220 ( o r equivalents ) ; E C O N

1 5 1 - 1 52; STAT 23 1 . ( 4 ) 483 Income Taxation Comprehensive study of income tax concepts, regulations, and tax p lanning principles . E.mphasis on individual and bus 1l1ess income taxa tion. Prerequisite: 2 8 1 . (4)

o m

The purp ose is to h e l p prepare the st ud en t for ima gi n a ti ve and

484 Auditing o mp re hm s ive s t ud y of a ud i t ing concepts and p ro ce d u re s ; analysis of risk t h ro u g h tII stud y and eval u a t ion of i n ternal cont[()ls, and th rough the study a n d e va l u at i on of a co u n t balances; report i ng of risk; review of t h e devel pment and mea n i ng of professional resp o nsibil ity and e t h i cs; review of

opera ti o n a l a u d i t i n g . P rerequisites:

be co n cu rr n t ) ; MATH 1 28,

28 1 , 282, 3 80, 38 1 , 3tl2 ( m a y SCI 2 2 0 , (or eq u i va l e n ts ) . (4)

481 Accounting lnformation Sy terns Seminal' onte m p orar y de velop m e n t in a cco u n t i ng sys tems. Topics may

i nc l u de analysis and des ign, controls, a u d i t of comp u t e ri ze d systems, und systems fo r large concerns. P r e requ is i tes: 2S I , 2 8 2 ,

3 8 0 ; M TH 1 28 ,

SCI 220, ( o r equivalents). ( 4 )

490 Seminar


550 Organizational Behavior and Environment The s tudy of op en oc iotcchnical sy t ms w i t h i n which a manger must operate. Three m aj o r perspectives are e ncom p as se d : t he e x ter n al o rg a nization e nvi ro n m en t , i n c l u d i n g l egal , eth ica l, soci al , eco n om i c , po l i t ic a l , and international i n fl uences; the organization itself as an e n ti t y ; and the in ternal o rg a n i za ti o n

envi ro n ment.

omparisons w i t h a d m i ni s t rat i v e p ra c t ices i n

oth e r countries Jnd c u l t ures. P rere q u is i t e:

502. (4)

551 Operations Management Seminar I n te n s i ve study f key concepts, prac t ices, and t ee h n iqu e � i ncl u d i n g work-facility-design, pl a n ni n g, sc h edul in g, quality

demand . Pre r eq uis i te : con ent of instructor.

ron t ro l , and m a te r ia ls management and advanced interna t i o n ­


ally competit ive m anufa c t u r i n g p rac t ices . Organil.a tional i m ­ pacts of pro du ct i o n systems. Case a n al yses used to address com­ plex sit u a t i o ns . Pr requisites: 502, 505, 550;


500, 543. (4)

( 1- 4)

553 Contemporary Issues in Management

501 Fundamentals of Accounting and Finance Fu ndame ntal as su mp t i o ns , p ri nc i pl es, dnd procedures u nderl y­

explora ti on may in l u d e , b u t is n ot li m i te d to, the top ics of

i n g ac co u n t in g; transaction an a.lysis and the fu ndamental ac c o u n ti n g mo del ; ma t c h i n g o f e xpen se s with revenue; measure­ ment and re p o r t i n g of i n c o m e tatemc n t and h al an ce she t

a cco u n t s ; consolidated sra tements; and a cco u n t i n g implications of basic in te rn a t i o n a l transactions. The, retical ,ramework fo r tl nancial deci s ion s ; de c i s i o n theory rela t i e to working cupital

I n ve st igat i o n of the ro l s of m a na ge r s in modern so c iet y. The

co rpo r a te respollsi b i l i ty, e t h i cal issues i n management, the i m p ac t of technological cha n ge on o r ga ni za t i ons and s o c ie t y, and the challenges posed by i n ternational c om p e t i t i o n and

manage m e n t i n n o va t i o ns in other countries. The workshop ap p roac h to these t op i cs combines the use of cases, rea di ng s, discllssions, and . i m ul a tions . Prerequisite: 550. ( 4 )

management, short and i n termedia te- term tl,nancing, c a p ita l inve t- ments and v a l u a tio n , capital structure and d ivi de nd

554 Planned Organizational Change

poliC)f, lo n g - te rm fi nan cin g , and multinational fi n an c i n g and

t ive p roble m s requ i r i ng


and evaluating changes u n dertaken through systematic p ro gl ams



Fundamentals o f Management and Marketing Principles and p ro ces s es of ad m i n is t r aho n . Techni lies and fun ct io n s of p lann i ng, or gan izi n g, d ir ecti n g, and c on t ro ll i ng . T h e flows of go od s and services in the

conomy; economic and

behavioral ap proa ch es to the ana lysi s of de ma n d; t h e marketi n g function

in business fi rms. Determination of t h e mark ting

mix. An exa m in a tio n of the cu l tura l and econ o m ic im plications

Detailed exami n a t io n of te ch ni qu es or d i ag n o s i ng a d m i n istra­

ha nge, and for p l a n n i n g , i m pleme n t in g ,

of individual, group, and organizational d ev el o pm e n t . Em p h a sis

on t he problem assessment skill> o f i n te r n al change agents and

on interventions aimed at strllctllrai ch an ge s , management

trai n i ng, and career development. C ompa r a t i ve o rg,u1 iz a ti o n devel p m e n t practice i n o t her cou n t ri es . Pr req u i s i te :

550. ( 4 )

555 Business Strategy and Policy An i n tegrated management a pp roac h based on decision-ma king

of i n t erna t ion al busi ness transactions on the management and

anal y sis i n co m p lex ca.

mark ti n g fu nctions of

Adva nced readings and l ib ra r y research in tegrate co ncep ts o f

.S. firms. (4)

505 Management Use of ComputeJ"s

An i n t ro d uct ion to computer s 'stems nd their uses by managers in in d us try. To p i cs include ha rdware c o mp on e n ts of micro and m a inframe systems; concu r rent issues su r ro undi n g computer usage; use o f a pp l ication softwa re to aid i n m a n ager i a l decis i on ­ maki ng ( wor d p ro cess i n g , spreadsheets, data base packages, sta­ tistical packages ) ; a n d elementary p r g r am m i n g t ech n i q u e s . (4)

520 Progromming for Managers Co mputer p ro g ra mm i ng i n cluding bra n c h i ng , looping, s ub s c ri p t s , i n p u t/output, chara c t r manip ulation, su b ro u tines , file man ipulations, d a t a ·torage amI ret r i ev al . Advanced work

with so ftw ar e packages. Prerequisite: 505. (4)

521 lnformation Systems Design Info r ma ti u 'ystcms d ve l o pment processes. Emphasi.s pl aced on the a nalY ' i s a n d d esig n of i nfo r ma t i o n s stems fo r support of manag ment decision maki n g . Ca e s tu d i es and systems d es i g n projects foem on solutions to p ro ble m s of syste ms design. Prerequ isites:

50 1 , 505. (4)

535 Legal Aspects o f the Management Process A su rvey o f feder I and s t a te law affec t in g bu si n es s dec i si o n ­

m a ki n g . A re a s c overe d i nc l u de empl o )fmeo t r l a t ions, consumer prote tion, investor protection, worker p rotect i on , t:nviron­

mental p rote c ti on , and organ izat ion a l and m a n age ri al liabil ity.


a nd com p reh ens i ve field s i t u il t io ns .

man a gem en t and bus i ness fu nctions i n cluding co n s i d er a t i o n o f lega.l, ocial, ::lI1d international as pe ct s o f t h e busi ness environ­

ment. Pre re qu isi tes :

55 1 , 564, and 570, 555. ( 4 )

an y o ne of which may be

taken conc u rrent ly with

56 1 Investment Analysis and Management Analysis of the general problem of p o rt fol io management. Emphasis i ' plJced on the appliC<1.tion of inv stment the o r y i n por t fo l io construction a n d risk management. Issues d iscllssed include fu ndamental va l u a t i o n , m a n au i n g interest rate risk, o p t i on pricing, modern portfolio th ry, and c u rrent equilib ­ rium asse t p ri c i n g models in finance. P re requisites:


SO l;

500, 543. (4)

564 Financial Management Seminar Analysis of op ti m al fi nancial policies. f n ten s i ve i nvestigation o f

the v a.l u t i o n proces ' and i t s resulting i mpa ct on tl r m i n ve s t ­ men t , fina ncing, a n d dividend p o l icies. Discuss ion of the

implicat ions of i n te rn at i ona l fi nancing and in e · ting ac t ivities. Extens ive use of the case m et ho d . Prerequisites: 50 1 , 505,

E ON 504, 543. (4)

510 Marketing Management Seminar In troduc t i o n to marketing s t ra tegy decisions in both domestic and international con texts; m ar ke ti n g resource a l l o c a t io n

decisions in a co mp e tit i ve sel l in g environment; m a r


a l t ern a t ives for both consumer and i ndustrial goo d s and services. Prerequisite :

502, 505; ECON 504, 543. (4)

n o c ;;0 VI m

a p pl icabl e to management of prod uc ti o n of goods and services

Individual studies; readings on selected to p ics a p p roved and s u p e r v is ed by the instr ucto r. Prereq ui s it e: consent of instructor.



and soci e t y, domes tic and worldwide. (4)

, em inar on s pe c i fi ca l ly selected topics in business. O ffe red o n

491 Directed Study


e t h i cal l y respon ible c it ize ns h i p and le a ders h i p roles in b u s i n ess







o u

582 Accounting Information and Control Applications of accounting information, servi es, and systems to management problems. Impact on decision making by interna­ tional acco unting practices. Prerequisites: 5 0 1 , 505. (4)

591 Independent Study Ind ividual reading and studies on selected topics; minimum supervision after initial planning of student's work. Prerequisite: consent of instructor. ( 1 -4 )

CONCENTRATIONS: Students may elect to complete one or more concentrations within the Bachelor of Business Administra­ tion program. Concentrations will be available i n the following areas: Financial Resources Management Profess ional Acco unting Human Resource ManagementInternational Business Marketing Resource Management Entrepreneurship and New Venture Management Operations and Information Technology

593 Thesi Research study to meet Thesis Option requirement for elective i n t h e M .B.A. degree program. ( 4 )

Financial Resources Management BUSA 405 Legal Aspects of Financial Transactions BUSA 3 2 1 Intermediate Accounting I

590 Special Seminar elected advanced topics; offered on demand. (4)


One of the following:

fJ!:JM. Bachelor o f Business Admin istration Curricu lum: o

A new business c u rri ulum will be implemented beginning fall 1 995. The courses listed in the 1 994-95 catalog will be replaced t�ntirely by those in this new cu rriculum. Students who enter the university as freshmen or sop homores beginning fall 1 995 will follow the requirements u nder the new curriculum. Students who enter the university prior to fall 1 995, and junior and senior transfer students who enter the university prior to faU 1 996, will have the option to follow the requirements listed i n the 1 994-95 catalog. However, since the current b usiness courses will be replaced by the new curriculum, these students must complete their degree program in consultation with the School of Business to determine appropriate course substitu­ tions. Spec ific requirements fo r degree completion will be determined by formal contract between the student and the chool of Business. These contracts will be completed beginning spring 1 995. BACHELOR OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION: Reqllired fo undat ioll courses:

MATH 1 28 Linear Models and Calculus, an In troduction or ( 1 5 1 and 230) CSCI 220 Computerized I n fo rmation Systems ECON 1 5 1 - 1 52 Macro/Micro Economics STAT 2 3 1 Introductory Statistics PHfL 325 Business Ethics ( Prerequisite: PI-fIL 1 0 1 , 1 25, or 225/226) COMA 336 Effective Business P resentations ANTH/ H I T/POLS 2 1 0 Global Perspectives Minimum semester hours in foundation courses:

4 4 3/3 4 2 4 4 28

R�luired business courses:

BUSA 20 1 The Business Enterprise in Global Perspective 4 2 BUSA 204 The Foundations of Business Law 2 BUSA 3 0 1 Managing Careers and Self-Assessment BUSA 303 Assessing and Managing Financial Performance (6) or BUSA 202 Financial Accounting (4) 6 (or 8) and BUSA 302 Managerial Finance ( 4 ) 6 BUSA 305 Crea ting and Leading Effective Organizations B SA 306/307 Managing the Value Chain I/II 9 EUSA 405 Legal Aspects of Fi nancial Transactions or BUSA 406 Legal Aspects of Human Resource Management or BUSA 407 Legal Aspects of Marketing 2 o r BUSA 408 International I3usiness Law 3 BUSA 409 Strategic Management Upper division b usiness o r economics electives 6 ( or 4) Minimum semester hours in business courses:


ECON 3 3 1 ECON 35 1 ECO 352 ECO 3 6 1

20 sem. hrs. 2 2 4

I n ternational Economics (4) Intermediate Macro-Economic Analysis (4) Intermediate Micro-Economic Analysis ( 4 ) Money and Banking (4)

Twelve semester hOllrs from the following:


BUSA 320 Financial Information Sys tems (4) BUSA 322 I n termediate Accounting II (2) BUSA 422 Consolidations and Equity Issues (2) BUSA 423 Account ing for Not-for-Profit and - Governmental Entities ( 2 ) BUSA 424 Auditing (4) BUSA 323 Cost Accounting and Control Systems (4) BUSA 327 Tax Accounting I ( 2 ) BUSA 427 Tax Accounting I I ( 2 ) BUSA 335 Financial Investments ( 4 ) BUSA 4 3 0 Entrepreneurial Finance (4) BUSA 437 Financial Analysis and Strategy ( 4 ) BUSA 438 Financial Research a n d Analysis ( 4 ) Professional Accounting 26 sem. hrs. BUSA 405 Legal Aspects of Financial Transactions 2 BUSA 320 Financial Information Systems 4 BUSA 3 2 1 Intermediate Accounting 2 2 BUSA 322 Intermediate Acco unting II 2 BUSA 422 Consolidations and Equity Issues BUSA 423 Accounting for Not-for-Profit and Governmental Entities 2 BUS A 323 Cost Accounting and Control Systems 4 2 B U SA 327 Tax Accounting I RUSA 427 Tax Accounting I l 2 BUSA 4 2 4 Auditing 4 HUman Resource Management 22 sem. hrs. BUSA 406 Legal Aspects of Human Resource Management 2 4 BUSA 342 Managing Human Resources 4 ECON 3 2 1 Labor Economics 12 Three of the fo llowing (at least two fro m B USA): BUSA 343 Managing Reward Sys tems ( 4 ) BUSA 4 4 2 Leadership a n d Organizational Development (4) BUSA 445 Quality Improvement Strategies (4) BUSA 449 Current Issues in Human Resource Management (4) BUSA 492 Internship (4) COMA 435 Organizational Communication (4) COMA 437 Advanced Interpersonal Communication (4) PSYC 461 Psychology of Work (4) PSYC 450 Psychological Testing (4)

B U S I N E S S o

1 8-34 sem. MS. B SA 408 I n ternational Business Law 2 ECON 3 3 1 International Economics 4 BUSA 352 Managing in the Multinational Environment 4 One of the following: 4 BUSA 353 Comparative Management ( 4 ) An app ro ved area course from POLS, T H , or H IST (4) International Business

One of the following: 4 BUSA 460 International Marketing (4) BUSA 355 Global Operations (4) Option· I o f the College of Ar t s and Sciences foreign language 0- 16 req u ire m ent Q[ one semester of study abroad Marketing Resource Management

BUSA 407 Legal Aspects of Marketing BUSA 468 Ma rket i n g Management One of the following: ECON 3 3 1 I n ternational Economics (4) ECON 244 Econometrics (4)

22 sem. hrs. 2 4


Three of the following (at least two from BUSA): 12 BUSA 363 Consumer Behavior and Promotional S trategy ( 4 ) BUSA 365 Sales a n d Sales Management ( 4 ) BUSA 3 6 7 Business t o Business Marketing ( 4 ) BUSA 460 In ternational Marketing (4) BUSA 467 Marketing Research ( 4 ) C O M A 2 7 1 Mass Media ( 4 ) SOCI 3 6 2 Applied Demography ( 4 ) Entrepreneurship and New Venture Management


BUSA 405 BUSA 358 B USA 430 BUSA 492

Legal Aspects of Financial Transactions Entrepreneurship Entrepreneurial Finance Internship

22 sem. hrs. 2 4 4 4

Two of the following (one must be B USA): BUSA 323 Cost Accounting (4) BUSA 438 Financial Research and Analysis (4) BUSA 365 Sales and Sales Management ( 4 ) BUSA 371 Operations and Information Technology (4) BUSA 442 Leadership and Organizational Development (4) B SA 467 Marketing Research (4) EeON 371 Industrial Organization and Public Policy (4) ECON 3 6 1 Money and Banking (4)


22 sem. MS. BUSA 405 or 406 Legal Aspects ( Financial Transactions or Human Resource Management) 2 BUSA 3 7 1 Operations and Information Technology 4 BUSA 374 Designing and Managing Operations and 4 Information Systems BUSA 479 Implementing Advanced Systems 4 4 BUSA 323 Cost Accou.I1ting and Control Systems 4 One of the following: BUSA 320 Financial i n formation Systems (4) BUSA 445 Quality Improvement Processes (4) CSCI 367 Data Base M a nagem e n t ( 4 ) * * ( p rerequisite: CSCI 1 4 4 )

Operations and Information Tech nology

MINOR IN BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION: A m i n i m u m of 20 sem es te r hours i n business c ou rs es, including BUS A 201 - The Business Enterprise in Global Perspective. Al l cou rses m u s t be completed with a grade o f - or higher. A cumulative g r a d e p o i n t average of 2.50 fo r al1 courses in the minor is required. At least 1 2 semester hours must be upper division, and at least 8 semester hours must be completed in residence.


Course Offe ri ngs for Program Beginning Fan 1995 1 05 Personal Financial Planning and Consumer Law Basic financial and legal deci. ion making. I ncl udes an i n troduc­ tion to elementary conccp in fi nance, economics, law, and onsumer psychology. Topics in lude c are e r planning, budget­ ing, the use and misuse of credit, major p urc h a se decisions, taxes, insurance, and i n v es t m e nts. ( 4 ) 2 0 I The Business Enterprise in Global Perspective I n t egra t ed historical and social systems per pective on the evolution and change of business e n t er p ri s e s sin e the industrial Revolution. Top i c i nclude work fo rc e div e rS i t y, environmental management, g lob a li z a t i on of wor k, th i mp ac t of n e w technolo­ gies, and the e x p an s io n of the regu latory e n v ir o nm ent. ncepts and fra me wo r ks needed to u n d e rs ta n d the c tn pl ex relationships between busi ness, g ove r nmen ts , and the larger society are introduced. (4) 202 Financial Accounting Introduction to accounting concepts and principles. Valuation theories in t he U . . compared to those i n olh r n a t i ons . Preparation and analysis of fi na n c ial reports . ( 4 ) 204 The Foundations of Bwine s Law Dc igned to provide for all b u si n es s hool students a sh are d fo undation in the lega l environment of busi ness, the course covers sources of American law, the s t ru ct u r e of the U court system, alternatives to li t ig a ti o n , and 01 tituti nal guara l I tee applicable in a busi ness context. Also, i n tr od uc t io n to basic legal principles of contracts, t o r t s , intellectual property, a ge n c y, and busi ness organ izations. (2) .• .

301 Managing Careers and Self-Assessment U ing o m p etency-based asse . s m nt, learning cont rac ts, . nd learning teams, students collect feedba k on the i r knowledge levels a n d abilities i n c ri t i c a l per� r m a n ce areas. Each tudent i n terprets this information, i n tegrates i t into a set of learning go a l s , and forms a 5-year individual ized l ea rn i n g p l an which · includes plans for a p o rt fol io of work fro m the business d gree program t ' h owc a se s tudent competenci at grad uation. New career dev e l o p me n t paradigms and critica l competencies needed fo r the 2 1 st ntury are introduced. ' mph a s i is on bridging the g a p betwecn education a n d business, easing organizational entry, and providing m thods for future career management. ( 2 ) 302 Managerial FiDllDce In troduction to the principal pr ob l e ms , th o r i e s and procedures of financial man age me n t ; valuation, IInancial p lan n in ' , fi nancial statement analy is, c a p i t a l asset acquisition, cost of cap i t a l. fi n a n c i n g strategies ( incl ud i n g ca pi ta l SITU t u n: theory , nd divid nd policy), management of working capital a cco u n ts , and fi nancial dimensjons of internatio nal t rade. Pre re q uisi t e : CS r 220. (4) 303 Assesis ng and Managing Financial Performance Study of the o r i gi n s and uses of fin a n c i a l i n formation. Logic, content, and fo rmat of p r i n ipal fI nancial . tatements; n a t u re o f market value a n d t h e ir r l a ti o n s h i p t o va l ues derived fro m a c c o u n ti n g p rocc ss es; pr in c ip l es and procedure. pertaining to business inve t m e n t a tivity and fin a n c i n g str tegies, viewe d from the st a n dp o i n t of fi nancial decision- making, i nve s t i n g , and accountin g theory . nd practice. Prerequisites: s o ph o m o r e s t a n d in g; esc I 220. (6) 305 Creating and Leading Effective Organizations t u d y f organizations in the context of c h a nging i n ternal and ex t ern a l demands and expectations. Explores how t a s k s, processes, individuals, groups, and s t r u ct u re relate t onl' another a nd to effe live orga n izat ional performanc '. Topic s include individual and group behavior, motiva t ion and reward

systems, work d e si g n , communication .lnd p rformance management, decision making, le a de rs h i p , m a n a g i n g h um an

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re o u r cs, cultur e , managing dive r si t y, and organizational climate. Emp hasis i, on developing K n o wl ed ge and skills essential fo r ma nagi n g c o n t i n uo u c h ang e at the i n d ividual, tea m, and rgnnizational levcl - . (6) 306 Managing the Value Chain I I ntegra te s ma rket i ng , o p e ra ti o n s, management, management acc o u nting " nd MIS con pt and methods from the persp ec tive of the entire value c re at ion process within a b ust n s e n t i t y. The human, orga nizational, and information technology l i nka ges between mar e t i n g and p ro d uc tion in ma nu fac t LlT in g , service, and not-for-p rofit enterprises are exa mi n ed. Contemporary is ues in manu[a turing such as j u st - i n - t i m e production and total q u al i ty management are included. Product co s ti n g , activity based costing, and a ct i vi t y based ma nagement tools are devel­ oped and used. Prerequisit.: : ophomore st a n d i n g; MATH 1 28 ( or MA H 1 5 1 & 230), EC N 1 5 1 1 1 52; computer s p re ad 'heet competen cy. o-req ui ites: TAT 23 1 , BUSA 303. (4.5) 307 Managing the Value Chain U Continuation of B SA 30 , Managin g the Value Chain 1 . Prerequ isites: Sop ho m o re s tandin g; MATH 1 2 8 ( o r MATH 1 5 1 and 230), C N 1 5 1 / 1 52; computer sp rea d s h e et competency, STAT 23 1 ; BU A 303, 306. (4. ) 320 Finmcial Information Systems Study of the flow of information th rough a n enterpri , the sou rce s and natLl re 0 d oc u me n ts , and t h e controls necessary to insur e the accura y and reliability of i n formation . Prerequisites: CSCI 220, BUSA 303 (or B S 202). (4) 32 1 Intermediate Accounting I once ntrated stu Iy f the co n ce p t u a l framework of accounting, valuation theories, asset and i n come mea urement, and fi nan c i a l statement di clo ures in the U.S. and abroad. Prerequisites: [ 220; B SA 303 (or BUSA 202 ). (2) 322 Intermediate Accounting II Ad d i t i o n a l s t ud y of valuation t h eor y. Advanced iss u es in as set and income mea u re me nt and fi nancial t a te me nt disclosure. Includes evaluation of U.S. po s i t ion s relative to those of other nati ns and in! rnational agenci s . Prerequ isites: CS - '1 20; BUSA 303 (or 202), 32 1 . (2) 323 Cost Accounting and Control Systems A cr i ti al e ami nation of systems for p roduct osting and m anagerial control. ase analyses deal with the bility of a a rie ty of t r ad i t i on a l and non-traditional p rod u c t and se rv i ce costi n g system t achi ve basic o bj ec t iv es f inventof)' valua­ tion, p lanning and operational co ntrol. Emp h a s i s on d evcl o p i ng the skills to cr i t i q u e co t syst ems and to under tand the rclation­ sh i p be twee n COsL syst e m s and production/service o p er a t i o Ils , organiz.ational s tr at egy, and performance evaluati o n a nd co n t ro l systems. Prerequisites: M ATH 1 2 8 (or MATH 1 5 1 and 230); SCI 22 0 j STAT 23 1 ; ECON 1 5 1 1 l 52; B S 303, 306, 307. (4) 327 Tax Accounting I Study of i n come tax con ept s, regul tions and ta."{ planning p r i n ci p l es . Em phasis on in dividual in co me taxation. ( 2 ) 335 Financial Investments I n- dep th exp l o ra t ion of fundamental p ri nc i p l e ' governi ng the 'aluation of p ar ticu l a r securities, and knowledgeable co nstruc­ lion, management, and e val uati o n of p o rtfo l i os . Risk, return, bond and siock valuation, i n tere s t rate d e te rmi na t i o n and c a p i t al ma rket e ffic ien cy are Jmong the topics accorded particular e mphasis . Prerequisites: EC N I S I / 1 5 2 , CSCI 220, B SA 303 (or B S 3 0 2 ) . ( 4 ) 342 Managing Human ResoUl'ces Detailed coverage of personnel/ h u m a n r eso u rc pr cedures in t h e U . . and other countries. arni nation of standard h u man resource fu nc t i o n s: human resource p l a n n i n g, recr u i t m.e n t /

decrui tment, se l e ct i on and placement, t rain ing and career development, performance appraisal, compensa tion a n d benefits, a n d s a fet y/ well ness. Review of changing trategies fo r ful l use of employees in light of ongoing legal and global developments. Prerequisite: BUSA 305. (4) 343 Managing Rewa.rd Systems Detailed examinatIOn of reward system development and pract ic e s , including job analysis and evaluation, d es ign of pay structures, performance measurement, the use of individual, group and organization-wide incentives, and the design and admin istration of e mp lo ye e benefits. Review of legal require­ ments and of i nnovations which i n tegrate reward systems with other human resource practices. Prerequisites: SCI 220, CON 1 5 1 1 1 52, BUSA 305. (4) 352 Managing i n the Multinational Environment An integrated study of global business fu nctions applying the theoretical base of i n te rn atio nal economics to real case situa­ t ion s . The role of international business i n economic develop­ ment and the bulancing of m ul tipl e co mplex and dynamic fo rces i.n the global environ ment. The significance of emerging market and manufacturing o pp ortun i ties as the international political contex.t continues to change. Building global compet i tive advantage fo r all sizes of mul tinational companies and small businesses. Prerequisites: ECON 1 5 1/ 1 52, ECO 3 3 1. (4) 353 Comparative Management With the new opportun ities inherent in worldwide operations, come the c hall e n ge s of managing strategy, organization, and human resources i n a significantly e xpa n de d , complex, and dynamic environment. Cross cultu ral management, co mmu nica­ tion methods, a nd wo rkfo rce divers i ty issu dre examined at all levels. Managing host government policies and political ri s k . Prerequisite�: ECON 1 5 1 1 1 52; ECON 3 3 1 ; BUSA 352. (4) 355 Global Operations Global ourcing and t he dynamics of the manufacturing and lo g istica l processes i n the international arena have resulted fro m re ce n t transportation, technology, and commu nications developments. Issues i n technology transfer and the control of prop rietary knowledge. Overseas investm nt i n c en tiv e s , training, a.nd cross cultural issues. Environmental and other host and home go ver nm en t policy i mpl i c a t i on s are explored . Prerequi­ sites: E ON 1 5 1 1 1 52 ; ECON 3 3 1 ; BUSA 3 5 2 . (4) 358 Entrepreneurship Inten ive s t ud y of i ssu es and c h a ll e n ges associated with start-up, g rowt h , and maturation of a new enterprise. Issues covered in lude topics such as c h a ra c t eris t i c s of successful entrepreneurs, securing capital, managing rapid grow th , leadership succession, and realizing value t h r o u g h the sale or merger of the business. I ncludes exp loration of types of s ma l l businesses such as fam ily owned and closely hcld com p a n i e s . (4) 363 Consumer Behavior and Promotio nal StI'ategy Concepts of consumer beh avi o r to help explain how buyers gain awareness, establish p u rchasing criteria, se l ective ly $creen information and decide. Topics in promotion include target audience defmition, message design, media selection within a budget and evaluation/control of th� p ro mo ti ona l mix. (4) 365 Sales and Sales Management Fundamentals of selling-prospecting, Jctiv ' lis te ning , benefit presentation, objective handling, closing and territory m an age ­ men t_ I ssues s u r round in g management f sale:; personne.l, i nc luding sal bud gets, fo rec a s ti ng, territory design, e m p l oy­ ment of representJ t ives, train ing, motivation, and eval uation techniques. (4)

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408 International Business Law An overview of the legal aspects of activit ies i n volved i n

367 Bus.iness to Business Marketing The busi ness ma rketer and busin

s p urchaser relationship is

explored, This reb t io n s h i p is multi-stage

and often protracted, local

Students enco uraged to gain i n - field k n owledge o f how b Lt� i n esses

pply course concepts in marketing to industrial

] 220; ECON 1 5 1 / 1 52;

rial expertise; and resolving i n ternational disp u t es , Prerequisite: B SA 204, ( 2 ) Study of organ iza t i o n a l a d m i n i s tration from the perspective of

exa m i na t i o n of decision support 'ystems, c o m p u terized

st rategic decision makers, fo rmulation and implementation o f

and transaction systems as they

s t rategies a n d policies t o l n tegrate a l l management and bus iness

fu nction i n productive organ izations. The i m plications for

fu nctions in supp ort o f organ izational objectives. I m p l ications

opera tions m a nagement a n d i n fo r m a t i o n systems design,

o f resource ava ilabi l i t y, technolo gy, and the economy; pe rso na l values. eth ics, and social responsib i l it }'; public p o l icy; i n terna­ tio nal rclations; and com p e tit ive condi tions in selec t ing cou rses of action, In ludes comprehensive ca ·e

374 Designing and Managing Operations and


Information Systems Adva nced servic

delivery systems, manufacturing systems, a n d

i n formation systems a s

impacted by high capital i n tensity, t i me­

based co mpet ition , and the co mp et itive effects of t h e global economy, Study of operations and info r mation technolouy co mpet j t i ve st rategy,


nd m a u rement and performance of costs

accou n t i n g aspects o f part ners h ips, corporation" and consolida­ tions. Also i ncl udes a cco ll nt ing for m ul t i n a t ional co rpo rations. Prerequisites: M

BU A 303 ( o r BU


Case stud ies and real systems through clas projects p rovide the

bus iness processes, Projects involve the skills of systems de.velop­ fo cus on teamwork, cha nge ma nagemen t, and sys­

tems usabil ity i n the context of service and manufacturing o p e r­ atio n ' , Prerequisites: MAT H 1 28 ( o r M Ann S I and 230); CSC] 1 44 ; EC 1 5 1 1 1 52; STAT 23 1 ; BUS 303, 306, 307, 37 1 . (4) 405 Legal Aspects o f Financial 1i'ansactioDs A Jlalysi� of statu tes, regulations. , nd common law doctrines applicable to the financial m a n agement of the corporation, bank-c ustomer relations, a ·n d debtor- redi t o r relat ions. Exami­ n a t i o n of the law perta i n i n g to commerc i a l p a p e r, fa iled con­ tracts, i nvest m e n t securi ties, and secured transactions, as s e t fo rth in the U n i form Commercial C o d e . To p ics i n clude federal and state secu r i ties law; bankrup tcy; insurance and letters of

and changes in corporate st ructure such as mergers and 4uis itions, Prereq u i s i te: B SA 204. (2)

c redit; a

406 Legal Aspects of Human ResoUl'ce Management A n alys is of starutes, regulations, applicable to human

nd c o m m o n law d ctri nes

resources m anagement. Exa m i n o t i o n of

legal issues encoun tered in the employment re lationship, o pics ioclude federal labor law, coLlecti",'e bargaini ng, workplace a fery, workers' compensation, ret iremen t a n d income security, disc r i mination starutes such as of

Title VII of the

ivil Rights Act

1 964, sexua l harassment, the Americans with Disabi l i t i es Act

of 1 990, and employee privacy rights ( regarding drug testing, l i e detecto r test , and mon itor i n g perfolTnance ) . Prerequisite: BUSA

204. ( 2 )

1 2 S (or MATH 1 5 1 and 230 ) ; CS I 220; 202 ) , 320, 3 2 1 , 322. ( 2 )

423 Accounting fo r Not-for-Profit and Entities Study of fund accounti ng, including its conceptual basis, i ts institutional sta ndard etting framework and c u rrent p rinc iples a n d pract ices , Prerequ isit 'S:

S 1 220; B SA 303 (or 202 ) , ( 2 )

424 Auditing omprehensive study of auditing concepts a n d procedu res; analysis of risk through the study a n d eval u a t i o n of internal CO I) ­

trois, and through the tudy and evalua tion of ace unt balances; development and mea n i n g of

reporting o f risk; review of the

p rofessional respon s i b i l i t y an d ethics; review of operat iona.l auditing, Prerequisites:

cr 220; B SA 303 (or BU A 2 0 2 ) ,

320, 3 2 l , 322, ( 4 ) 427 Tax Accounting IT on entrated study o f income tax concepts, r gu\,l t ion , a n d tax p la n n i n g p ri n c i p les, Emph asis on b usi ness taxa t i o n , Prerequi­ s i tes:

CSCI 220; BUSA 303 (or BUSA 2(2 ) , 327, ( 2 )

430 Entrepreneurial Finance Financial strategies un ique to the crearion and/or exp a n s i o n o f small, closely - he l d businesses. To p i cs include t h f" determ i n a t io n of capital requirements a n d m i x , searc h i ng for capi ta.l


sources such as venture c a p italists, fi nancing r -a p i d growth, and acq u i r i ng com p a n ies. Prerequisites: eSCI

220; BUSA 303 (or

BUSA 302). (4)

437 Financial Analysis and Strategy Intermediate treatment of m a n agerial finance topics, in l u d i ng risk. global markets. capi tal i nvestment, fi n a n c ial plan n i ng, a n d fin a n c i n g st rategies. Emphasis o n development o f decis i o n ­

Analy is of statutes, regulations, a n d common law d o c t r i nes applicable to marketing practices .

a m i nation o f legal issues

enco u n t ered by marketers in dealing w i th consu mers, com p et i ­

marketp lace particip n ts, To p ics include

regulation of competition a n d protection o f creati\! endeavor, regulat ion o f adve r t ising and decept ive or u n fa i r practices, a n d basi


mak ing capab i l i ty through cxerci

407 Legal Aspects of Marketing

to r , and other

1 5 11 1 52;

422 Consolidations and Equity Issues

mJtion systems in terms of their support o f busin ess



1 5 1 and 230); esC1 2 20 ; ECO STAT 2 3 1 ; BUSA 303, 305, 306, 307. ( 3 )

in op rations, Case tudies used to c r i t i q u e operations and i n for­

ment. w i th

a n al y s i s.

(or MATI-]

Concentrated study of equ i t y measurement including t h e a

basis for exploration of the impact o f in formation technology on


409 Strategic Management

syst em, a nd model required to sup p o r t sucb decisions. T h

Prereq u isi tes: MATH l 2 8 ( o r MATH 1 5 1 and 230); CSC] 220; ECON 1 5 1 / 1 52' STAT 2 3 1 ; BUSA 303, 306, 307. (4)



technological, transportation or manag

operational business decisions and the i n formation

p l a n n i n g a n d co n t ro l systems


resou rces; t h e licensing o f pro esses, pa ten ts o r

exp o r t i ng personal service, such as marketing, financial,

371 Operations and Information Technology: 0

act ivi ties such as

s h i p p i n g a n d i nsurance; d i rec t investment; use of natural

Concepts and Applications The stud

fo rm of business o rganization; the in ter national saks contract; exporting and i m porting o f goods and related

accoun ts, resellers, a n d governme nt al agencies, Prerequisites:

M ATH 1 28 ( o r M ATH 1 5 1 and 230); C STAT 23 1 ; BUSA 3 0 3 , 3 0 6 , 3 0 7 , (4)

o pies inclu de selecting a lega l

conducting a world busines .

sales l a w concepts a s set fo rth i n the Un i form Commercial

Code. Prerequis ite:

BUSA 204, ( 2 )


t h a t bll ild resear h a n d

teamwork skills, Prerequisi tes: DCON

15 III 52, esCl 2 2 0 , B U S '

303 ( o r B U A 302), (4) 438 Financial Research and Analysis Seminar course d i rected at current issues and developme nts. In consultat i o n with the instructor, advanced u ndergraduatE' students select a p p rop riate, contemporary topics for research, discussion, and presen tation, Prerequisites: £

ON 1 5 1 / 1 52;

CSCI 2 20; BU$t\ 303 ( o r B SA 302), and at least one upper division B SA p refix elective from the list of F i n a nc i a l Resources Management concentration courses, ( 4 )

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442 Leadership and Organizational Development

Experien tial courst' designed to explore the principles of organi­ zation I dcvclopmenL Preparation of students to be leaders in effe live, s 'stematic pbnned change p rograms. Emphasis on new organiza t ional forms, cultural change, and the intervention process. Prerequlsit ; BUSA 305. (4) 445 Quality Improvement Strategies Exam i n ation of h istorical development in qual i ty process i m p rove ments i n American bllsLnesses. Emphasis on recent applications of otal Quality Management and ontinuous Qualiry Improvement necessitate a cLlstomer � u ,1l1d use of p rocess i m p rove ment technique . Extens ive app licati on o f the quality tools, i ncluding statistical p rocess control, that support continuous improvement iTI manufacturing and . ervice settings. P rert'quisite: B S 305. (4) 449 Current Issues in Human Resource Management Sem inar course focused on current issues and developments i n managing human resources. Top ic areas may include HRM's grm ing role in developing o rgan .izational strategy, international human resource management, managing the divers work force, new parad.igms in career development , managing the downside of dOl nsizing, stress mallaho-ement in the 90s, and tra i n i ng strategies for preparing workers for the 2 l s t centu ry. dvanced busloess student , in consultation with the instructor, will select appropriate topics for research and discussion. Prerequisite: B SA 305. (4)

%0 International Marketing I ntrod uction to marketing p roblem and o pport u n i t ies in an i nternat ion al conleA"t. Topics i n c l u Ie changes in marketing programs when busine 's i. conducted acros . int rnational borders and t.he economic and cultural fo rces that require these changes. Prerequisite: junior standing. (4) 467 Marketing Research Tecllniques and uses of market ing research in the business decisio n - making p rocess. Emphasi� on research design, various survey methods, r earch instruments, and sampling pla ns as . they relale to marketing consumer p roducts i n domestic and i n ternat ional environ ments. Pr requisites: STAT 2 3 1 , SCI 220. (4 ) %8 Marketing Management An in teg rated apr lication of marketing mi. :>: concepts in a competitive business si m ulation. Student teams ap ply marketing strat gies to test their group's �kills, develop a busines� plan, and construct an annual report. Prerequ i s ites: MATH 128 (or MATH l S I and 230); C CI 220; £ ON 1 5 l / 1 5 2 ; STAT 23 1 ; B A 303, 3 0 6 , 307, and one upper division marketing course. (4) 479 Implementing Advanced Systems Implemen tation of advanced ma nufac turm ' , information and service delivery systems. Exa mination of project man agement tecl1niques, organizational and tec h nical challenges and appro­ priate designs for implementing organization . Prerequ isi tes: lvlATH I 2 8 (or MATH 1 S I nd 230); S I 220; ECON 1 5 1 / 1 5 2; STAT 23 1 ; BU A 303, 306, 307; BUSA 3 7 1 . ( 4 ) 489 Study Abroad PL -sponsored academic or experi en tial study in o t her countries. Prerequisite: j unior tanding. ( 1 -32) 490 Special Se minar Sem in ar on specifically selected topics in busine s. 491 Directed Study Individualized studie ' in co nsultation with an instructor. P rere qu isites: ju nior stand ing and instructor approval. ( 1 -4) 492 Internship Appl ication of business knowledge in field setting. Credit g ranted determined by hours spent in working environ ment and depth o f project a sociated with the course o f study.

503 Understanding and Managing Financial Resources In tegrated study of f1nancial decision-making variab les (both bo k and market), the relationships among them, a od relevant decision theories/models. Primary perspective is that of the financial manager, rather than the accountant or the external investor. (4) 504 Legal and Ethical Environment of Business Background fo r u nderstandi ng and acting upon the legal and ethical issues decision makers in the busin � world face today; The firs t part of the course pr vides a n overvi w of the main elements of the American legal s stem, especially as they relate to the business world. Top ics in lude judicial pro es and its relationship to the operation of business, avenues of ill pule resolution, the intera tion of busi ness with government regula­ tory agencies, and Constitutional guara ntees applicable in a busi.rress conte,d. The second part of the course sets fo rth th basic legal principles in areas of substantive law o f . pedal i nterest to business, uch as contract law, tort and product l iability, i ntellectual prop rty and computer law, agency, and business organizations. Student as poten tial managers a nd employees relate issues to real-Life situation' and develop a conceptual basis for un derstand i ng the complex relationships between b usiness, government, and global society. (4)

505 Managing Effective Organizations Exam ines how leader manage fou r set of factors to ach ieve organizational cffe tiveness: the organ ization's internal environ­ m nt, by developing competencies in setting direction, commu­ n i cating, motivating, resolving conflicts, clarifying gOJI� and work roies, and developing teams; the orqanization's environ­ mental context, through analyzing orga nization design con t i n ­ gencies and creating appropriate respons s; cultural differences associated with i n ternational operations, as well as h Oille C O U ll t ry diversity; and change, through o n tinuous diagn sis, transition plann i ng and action 'i mplementatio n and evaluation. (4) 506 Managing the Value Creation Process I I n tegration of marketing, research and development, engineer­ ing and design, operation, rnJnagement, management account­ i ng, and M I concepts and methods fro m the per pective of the entire value reati n process within a business. Advanced models and analytical m ethods are introduced to demonslrate how to i n tegrate multiple functions from a v'llue - c reation perspective. Prerequisite : CO 500 , EC N 50 1 , B SA 5 0 3 . ( 4 )

507 Managing the Value Creation Process II Con t inuation o f BU A S06, Managing the Value Creation Process. Prerequl ites: B C O N 500, 50 1 ; BUSA 503, 506. (4) 509 Business Strategy in a Global Context n integr ated study of business strategy formulation and i mplementation under conditions of continuing economic, tech ­ nological, a n d competitive hange. Emp h asizes the d i fferences, simiLarities, opporrun itie , and th reats across the global business environ ment. Explores industry, competit ive, and company analysis and im p or ta nt considerations in developing and su stainmg a competirive advantage. I n cludes advanced readings, seminar d iscussio ns, comp rehensive ca e studi , and a field con­ sulting project. Prerequisites: BUSA 50.), 504, 505, 506, 507. (4) 530 Financing New Ventures Project orien ted class CQvering market research, pro fonna cash n ow proje tions, financial feasib ility simulation with hands on p ro.icct fi nancing applications. D '" lopment of a specific b usiness plan which can be taken to a financia l instit ution. Prerequisites: ECO 500; BUS ' 503. (2)



535 Financial Iovestments Empha is u n concepts, principles, and issues relating to indi \'idu�I securities: risk, return, and valuation of bo nds, p referred stock, common stock, options, warrants, convertibles, and fu t ure ; determination and te rm struct ure of ma rket interest rates; market transactions st ructure, capi tal market efficiency. P rereq uisites : ECON 500; BUSA 503 . (4) 531 Decision Models and Strategies (or Financial Managers

In -depth examination o f risk-return relationships in the construction/revision of real as et portfolio and associate d financing strategies. Focus i s long-tenn. Primary persp ctive is that of the financia l manager, rather than the accountant or the external investor. P rerequisite: E ON 500; J3U SA 503. (4) 542 Management of Cbange Detailed amination of techniques for d iagnosing opp ortu n i t ies requ iring change. Planning, impl menting, interve n i ng, and evaluating changes. Emphasis on the p roblem assessment skills of i ntern al change agents. Prerequ isite: fl A 505. ( 2 )


543 Designing Reward System.s Exploration 0 reward system p h i losophies and strategies in­ cluding con ideration 0 internal consistency, e ternal competi­ tiveness, and alternatives to traditional reward systems. Under­ standing of compensation practices. The role of motiva tion i n developing compensation systems. Prerequ isite: B S A 5 0 5 . ( 2 ) 545 Continuous Improvement Strategies A study of continuou improvement strategies for o(ganizations. Focus on mana 'ing for quality, i ncluding organ i z a tional analysis,

p rocess development, and selection of improvement tools. Strategies for soliciting cmIJloyee involvement. Prerequ isite: BUSA 505. (2) -

549 Coillemporary Human Resource Management Seminar curre n t is ues in human resource manage­ ment. Topics rna inclllde staffing, health care osts, train ing, team-buildi ng, employee involvement, workplace v iolence, s ubstance abuse, ADA compliance, harassment, and workplace diversity. onsideration of successful strategies of progressive companies. Prereq u.isite: B S 505. ( 2 )

(economic conditions, competition, and intended market) and i n ternal variables such a� resources and company mission . Small s tudent teams will create a new product/service concept and establish a timeIine for its development. Prerequisite: BUSA 506, 507. ( 2 ) 567 Assessing Marketing Opportunities Learning to ident i fy and analy"Zc marketing opportu nities. Understanding market s gmentation, product po ·itioning and p ricing t h rough research analysis. Topics in l u de research design, survey methods, and statistical analysi . Emphasis is placed on being able to identify problems, select appropriate research tools, i nterpret r tilts and convey the resul s to cnd- users of the re'earch. Prerequ isite: BU . 506. (4) 574 Advanced Service and Manufacturing Delivery Systems The course deals with the managerial and operational challenges of advanced service and manufacturing system · haract>rized by t ight i ntegrat ion, short time cycles and considerable variety and scope. l n particular, computerized advanced manufacturing system, JIT, synchf()now; manufacturing, and customer i ntegrat.ed servic sys-tems will be di ·ussed. Such systems will be re iewed as competiti strategies along w i t h the a t tendant organizational implications. Prerequisite: BU A 506, 5 0 7 . ( 2 )

577 Project Management Study of th, un ique conditions, challenges, requi.rements, and techn iques associated with designing and managina major non­ repetitive undertakings. Top ics include the applicability of project management, the reiat-ionship of the project life cycle to the nature of activities and composition o f the project team, project manager roJes, I adi ng the project team, dealing with uncertainty and unfamiliarity, project management structures, managem nt i n formatioll needs and u es, and planning and control tech n iqu . Prerequisite: J3USA 50S. ( 2 ) 590 Seminar Selected advan cd topics. (2-4) 59 1 lndependent Study

Individual ized reading and stud ie�. Minimum superv isio n after i n it ial plan n ing of student's work. ( I -4)

553 Transnational Managemellt Examination of ways in which traditional approac hes to


gl balization-multinational adaptation, worldwide te h nology t ra n sfer, and global s ta nda rdi:zation-may be synt h esized into transnat ional stra tegy and p ractice. Emphasis o n analyzing fo reign envil"Onments and political risk, developing and manag­ ing global strategic alliances, i n tegrating and control l ing a c ross borders, leveraging leading-edge pra tices, negotiating acros� cultures, and de eloping glob al competencies fo r functional, country, and top-level managers. Impl ications fo r small as well as for large organizations. Prerequisite: B SA 505. ( 2 ) 558 New Venture Management Examint:s the en lrepreneurial skill · and conditions needed fo r effe til' new busilles start-ups. Specific issues such a the appropriate selection and characteristics of new ven ture leaders and staff, capitalization and tln ancing, market entry, and m nagement o r t ransition chal lenges encoun tered across lhe entire life cycle of the venture are considered using ca e studies and p resentations. ( 2 ) 560 Global Marketing Management

Designing and managing ma rket i n g activities across national bound ri s. Top ics include strategic marketing ph ns , produ t modification or creation for foreign markets, i nteract ing with political players tlnd how cullur , 'eography and ecollomics affec t ma rketing planning. Prerequisite: BUS 506, 507. ( 2 ) 5 66 Developing New Products/Services Study of the proce S requi red for developing a new product or service. 'ome areas addressed include the external enviro nment

Chemistry The history of civi l ization i i nsep a rab le fro m the Ilistory

of ch e mis try. very til i n g t hat occurs in n a t u re-from m e nt a l processes and b e h av io r, to the fu r n iture we l ive a ro u n d , to the tools we llse for work or play, to the prob­ lems of pollution-is chemically based. C h e m i s tr y seeks to u nderstand the fu ndamental nature of matter, the changes in its comp sition, and the ene rgy changes accompanying th ese changes. Use o f t h is knowledge i nfluences o u r l i ves in many p rofo u nd ways. Whether int rested i n the chem i c al profess ion itself, including bioch mist ry, p ol y m e r chemi t ry, radiation che m i s t ry, and other special i t i es, or in chem­ istry i n conj u nction with o t h e r fields llch as busi ness, the social sciences, and the humani ties, st udents will have s u i ta bl e programs available to meet their i n terests at P LU. Divers i t y in career pla n n i ng is a key co ncept i n the chem­ istry dep artment. Programs a re available w ich are broadly applicable to the health, biological, physical, enviro n men­ tal behavioral, a n d fu n d a m e n ta l ch m i c al sci nc s. The ch e mi s t r y d pa rt ment's co u rses, curriculum, faculty, and faciliti s are approved by the American Chemical Society. The s t a ff of seven persons with doctor-

en en

n o c





C H E M I S T R Y Vl

ates h as composite exp e rt i se i n v i r t ua lly eve r y field of p u re

BACHEWR OF SCIENCE MAJOR (thre e alternatives):

a nd a pp l i e d ch emist r y. The fac ulty are very active in basic

1 . General - leads to American Chemical So cie t y certification; Ch e mi s t r y 1 1 5, 1 1 6 , 3 2 1 , 3 3 1 , 332, 333, 334, 34 1 , 342, 343, 344, 405 or 450 o r 456, 4 1 0, 4 3 5 , 460; P hysics 1 53 , 1 54, 1 63, 1 64; Math 1 5 1 , 1 52. For American Chemical Society certifica­ t ion, 450 an d e i ther 405. 440. or 456 are required.

and app l i ed rese a rch , and most are also significantly

i nvolved i n the c o mm u n i t y, a pply i ng o w Vl a: ::J o U

thei r exp ertise to

enhanc the qual i t y of l i fe of the cit izens. The department


nu me ro u s scientifi

i n the l abo ra to ries. Such major res ea rch

e q u i p m en t i nclude: 300 MHz


i nstruments tea c h i n g

ourier transform nuclear

ma g n e t i c resonan e, Fourier transform i n fra red , u lt ra­ v i o l et , visible, atomic abs o rpt i o n , emission, and ele tron spin resonance spectr m lers; X- ray crystallooraphic d i ffractometer; gas and l iquid chromato g raphs; gas

c hro ma togra h-m a ss sp ctro m et el' ; p re c i s i o n r fra cto­ meter; d ipo lometer; short pa th distillation apparatll ; sci n­

tillation counter;


ne refiner; flu o ro m e t er, and C- H - N

a nalyzer. li.J


Faculty research projects involving student participation are i n p rogress i n many importa nt field of chem istry.

f t he areas are: polymer structure a n d prop I'ties, c py, toxi c o l o g y of tTibul)rtin, 'ynthesis of h terocyd i c compound , chemjcal cleavage o f l i g n i n , envi­ ronmental m o n i to r in g , structural a n d magn tic st u d ies of i no rg a n ic com plexe$ orga nic ki ne t i c s, photochemical reactions, chara te riz at i o n of fu ngal enzymes, the role of n u t rition in he Ith, and the bi chem i stry of d r u g a tions. some

laser spectro

FACULTY: Swank, Chair; Fryhle, Gid dings, Huestis, Nesset, To nn, WaJdow. Degrees in ch m is try aTe the Bachelor of A rts and the Bachelor of S i en ce for st ud e n t s wi, h i ng t o stru ct u r their u n dergraduate educa tion around fu l l chemistry major. The B.A. p rog ra m is the minimum preparation s u itable fo r fu rther profess ional studies and i s often c o m b ined � i t h ex ten si ve stu d y o r a se ond major in an a l l ied field. The B.S. program i nvolves additional chemistry cour s and 'erves both studen ts guing d i rectly into employment on g r ad u ation and those goi n g to graduate programs. I t L> offered with emphasis in chemist ry, b iochemist ry, or chem ical physics. The fi rst o p ti o n is an A mer i ca n Chem ical S oc iet y certified program, The l a tter two o pt ion s are offered in coopera tion \ ith the biology and p hysics departments fo r stu­ dents w i sh ing to work at the i n terfaces be tween chemistry and biol ogy or p h ys i cs . Stu de nt s con t mpl a ti n g a m aj or in chem istry are invited to discuss their in terests and p l a ns with me mber' of the c he m i str y faculty a t t he earliest poss i b l e t ime. Opportun it ies for h o n o rs work in che m istry a re de crilled below. ' t ndents dec iding t o major in chemist ry should o ffi c i all y declare their intent as SOOn as p o ssib l r and not later than after ha v mg completed Chemistry 33 1 and after consul tation with a fac uIty adviser in tll C che m is t r y de p artmen t. Tr, n sfe r students desiri ng to m aj o r in che m is t ry should consult a departmen tal adviser no lat r than the begin n i ng of their j u n ior year. Ibe o p t i o n requirement of th CoLlege of Arts and Sciences s h o u l d be met by Op tion I, preferably in . er ma n . The ch em istr y department consid rs c o m p u t e r usage to be an i nc reasi ngly i mp o r t nt tool in profes ional an person, I act ivities. Fu rther. laboratory work in the department places consid rabl emph,lSis on compu ter use. Therefore, the dep art­ ment stro ngly rec.omm nds that a tudent planning to major i n chemistry take at l e a s t one two-credit hour course in computer

science. BACHELOR OF ARTS MAJOR: he misLr y 1 1 5 , ! l 6. 3 2 1 , 33 1 , 3 32 , 3 3 3 , 334, 34 [ ' 342 . 343, 460. Re qu i red supporting courses: P h ysi c s 1 53, 1 54, 163, 1 64 ; lath 1 5 1 , 1 5 2 .

2. Biochemistry emphasis: C hcm i s r ry 1 1 5, 1 1 6, 32 1 , 33 1 , 332, 333, 3 3 4, 34 1 , 343, 403, 405, 4 1 0, 435. 460; B i o logy 1 6 1 , 1 62, 3 2 3 ; fo ur ho urs selected [rom Biology 3 2 , 328, 33 1 . 346, 359, 3 85, 407, 44 1 or Chemistry 342; P h y sic s 1 53, 1 54 , 1 63 , 1 64; Math 1 5 1 , 1 32 .

3. Chemical-physics emphasis: C he mi s try 1 1 5, 1 1 6 , 33 1 . 3 3 2 , 3 3 3 , 334, 3 4 1 , 342. 343. 344, 460; P h ysi cs 1 5 3, 1 54, 1 6 3 , 1 64, 33 1 , 332, 3 36, 356; Math 1 5 1 , 1 52, 253. Generalized Chemistry Cnrricnlum for the B.S. DegRe FALL


First- }'car (1) Chemistry 1 1 5 Math 1 5 1 Physics 1 53, o r Biology 1 6 1

fo r biochemistry emp hasis ( 2 ) O p tional fo urth course ( 3 ) PE 1 00 or ac tivi ty Sophomore Ch e m i s tr y 33 1 , 333 P h ysi cs 1 53 or Biology 1 6 1 ( 2 ) Tw o addi tional courses

C hem is t r y 1 1 6 M a th 1 5 2 Physics 1 5 4 o r Biology 1 62 ( 2 ) P E 1 00 or ac t i vi t y

ore course Chemistry 3 3 2 , 334 Physics 1 54 o r Biology 1 6 2 ( 2 ) Two additional courses

JUllior Che m i s tr y 34 1 , 343 C hemist r y 32 1 Core Course(s) Elect ives

Chem istry 342, 344 C h e m i s t ry 4 1 0 Core Course(s) El e c t i ves

Senior Chemistry 460

"hem is tr y 435



l. Refer to the Division of Natural Sciences sec tion of th i s


fo r o t her beginning cu rriculum optiOl1S. 2. The depart m en t stresses the importance of t ak i ng p h)'sics during either the freshma n or the sopho more year. This pe rm it s a better understanding of "h emistry Jnd enables a student to c o m ple t e degree requirements with no scheduling difficulties i n the junior and sen i o r years. St udents interested in the Bachelor of Science with hiochemistry emphasis sho u ld plan to take b i ology in t h e alternate year. 3. S t udents d esiring to fu lfill lhe College of Arts and Sciences fo reign l a n gu age requirement under Option I, o r who desire to attai.n or maintain a l a ngua ge p roficiency, sho u l d take a language c o u rs e as p a rt of their optional selectiuns.

DEPARTMENTAL DONORS: In recogn ition of o u tstanding

work the designati n with Departmental Ho no rs may be granted

to Bachelor of Science grad uates by vote of the faculty o f the che m is t ry department, based on the student's perfo r m a nce in

these areas:

l . Course work: The grade point average i n chem i stry courses must he at least 3 .50. 2 . Written work: Fro m the time a student d e c lar es a major in ch e m is t r y, c op ies of outstanding work (<,.g., laborato ry, semina r, and research reports) will be kept fo r later summary eval uation .

3. Oral communication: Stud n t s must evidence ability to com m u n i cate dfe t ively as indicated by the sum of their

participation in class discussion, sem inars , h e l p session leadership, and teach i ng assistantship work. 4. Independent chemistry-related activities: P o sit ive consider� ations include the extent and qual ity of extrac urricular work done i n background reading, in dependent s tudy, and research;

C H E M I S T R Y o m

ass i sti n g in l abo r at o r y p rep a r at i o n . teachi ng, or advising; any other emistry-related employ ment. on campus o r elsewhere; and pa r ti ci p a t io n in c a m p u s and p ro fess i o n al c hc m i s try re la te d org a n i za t io n s . The dep ar t mental h o n o rs d esignat io n wiJl ap p ea r on a g r ad u a t ­ ing chemistry m a jo r's transcript.

33 1 , 332 Organk Chemistry

BACIlEWR O F ARTS I N EDUCATION: S t u d ents i n terested in

sep arat i on , and a nal ysi s


this deg re e devel o p their chemistry program t h ro u g h the d e p a r t me n t i n co nju n c t i ll n with the chool o f E d u ca t io n . See School of Educatioll section. CHEMICAL ENGINEERJNG: S t u den t s i nterested i n purs u i ng

stndies in chemical ngiIleering should see the course outline in the EIl�illeerjng s e t i o n of this catalog. The department chair should be c ons u l t e d for assignment of a program adv i ser. MINOR.: 22 se m es t e r hours. i nclu di n g l I S. 1 16. 32 1 , 3 3 1 . 332.

333. and 334. co mpleted with grades of

or h i gh e r.

Course Offerings 104 Environmental Chemistry Basi principles of chemical structure and reactions, with

applications to human activities and the n a t u r al environment. No prerequisite; students w it h o ut h i gh school ch em i str y are encouraged to take 1 04 before taking 1 05 or 1 1 5. Also s u it a bl e for envi ronmcntal studies. ge n e r a l science tea hers. B.A. in ea r t h sci nees. and gcneral un i versi ty core re qu i rem ents or College of Arts and Sciences Option I l l . St u d en t s must meet the univer ' it y en trance requi re me nts i n mathematics before e nro n i n g i n the cou r s e. I ( 4 )


105 Chemistry o f Life Organic and b i o ch e m i tr}' p e rt i nen t to ch e m ic al processes in the human organism; suitable for liberal arts students. nursing students. and p ro sp ec t ive teachers. S tu de n ts who have not com p l e ted high s ch oot chemistry recently should take 1 0 4 before taking 1 05. n (4) 1 15, 1 16 General Chemistry Fi rst semester to p i c s include the s t ructure of matter, atomic and molecular t h eo ry. states of matter , nd q u a n t i t ati ve re l at io n sh i ps . Second semester topics i nclude kinetics. chemical equilibrium. thermochemistry. st u d y of the elem ents gro u p ed a cc o rd i n g to the p e r i o d i c table. radio-chemist ry. and inorgani q ua l ita t i ve analysis. Designed primarily fo r students who want to major i n h e m i s t r y, biology. engineering. geo l o gy. or physics. St u d e n ts interested in health sciences should refer to the Preprofessional Programs s e ct i o n of this ca t a l o g. High school c h e m ist ry required. S t u d e nts with no h i g h school c he m i stry or weak math­ e m at i c a l backg r o u nd should take 1 0 4 be o re this courSE'. Coreq u isit e : Math 1 40. Prerequisite: l I S for 1 1 6; I for 1 1 5. II fo r 1 1 6 . (4,4) 2 10 Nutrition, Drugs, and the Individual An i n t ro d u tion to b as i c metabolic i n teractions. g e ne ra l endocrinology. mind a nd body i n teractions, a nd ro les of drugs in mod ifying b io l og i c al and behavioral fu nctions. Nutrition topic l nclude food p rep a ra t i o n . "the balanced meal philosophy," nutritional m yth s , the effect. o f st ress. environmental a n d so c i e ta l in fluences on diet. Prerequisites: one year of h i gh s h o o l chemistry o r e q ui val e n t suggested. Mee ts gen ral univHsi ty c o re req u i rements. I (4) 321 Analytical Chemistry

Chemical methods of quantitative analysis. i n c l u di n g volumetric. gravimetric, and selected instrumental met h o d s. Prerequisites: 1 1 6 and MATH 1 40. I (4)

An interpretation of properties and reac ti o n s of a l i p h at ic and compounds on the basis of current chem ical the or y. Prerequi ite: 1 1 6. Core q u is i t es : 333. 334. I II (4, 4)

a ro m a tic


333, 334 Organic Chemistry Laboratory

and con entional a n d modern tech l1iques of synt hesis. of organ ic compound . M icroscale tech n iques. Must a cc o mp a n y 3 3 1 , 332. I II ( 1 . 1 ) Reactions

336 Organic Special Projects Laboratory I n d ividual pro j cts emphasizing 'urr,nt profess ional-level m thods of ' yn thes is and property determinat ion f org a n i compounds. This c o u rse is an alternative to 34 and typically req u i res somewhat more time commitment. Students who wish to p re pa re fo r c areers in chemistry or re l a t ed areas should ap p l y for depa rt mental approval of their admission to tl:tis course. n 341 Physical Chemistry

A study of the rel a t i o n s h i p between the energy content of s ys t e ms , work. <Ind the p hys i ca l and chemical prop rt ies of matter. To pics i n c l u d e classica l a n d statistical Lhermodynamics. thermochemistry. solution properties, and p ha s e e qu ili bria. Pr requ isite: CHEM 1 1 5. MAT H 1 52. P l -IYS 1 54. 1 (4) 342 Physical Chemistry A s t ud y of the physic I properties of at.oms, molecules and i ons. and their correlatio n with s tructure. To pi cs i nclude classical and modern quantum mechanics, b o nd in g theory. a t o m ic a n d molecul ar structure, s p ec tro sc opy. and chemi al kinetics. Prerequisites: CHF,M 1 1 5 . MATH 1 52 , PHYS 1 54. II (4) 343, 344 Physical Chemistry Laboratory Ex p erime n t in th c rm ody n a m i soluti 11 be ha vi o r. and molecular structure des ign e d to acqu ai n t stud nts with instru­ mentat ion data handling. c o r re lati o n s w i t h tbeory. and data mputer usage is en c o ur a ged. Core qu i s i te o r re l ia b i l i ty . prerequisite: 34 1 . 3 4 2 . 343 or consent of instructor re q u i re d for 344. I U ( 1 . 1 ) •

403 Biochemistry An overview. i n c l ud i ng biochemical st r u c t u re, mechanisms o f rea c t i o n s . metabolism, genet i c s . ( nd the biochemi try 0 the c It. Majors are e n co u r aged to take both 403 and 405 fo r . more c o mp l ete un d e rs t a n d i n g of b i o ch e m i s t r y. Also for B.A. majors and n on - m ajo rs i nterested in b io ch em i try as a supporting field of kn o wle d ge . P re req u i s i tes: 332, 334. 1 (4)

405 Biochemistry A study of chemical reactions and slru ttues in Ii ing cells. To p ic. i n cl u de enzyme ki netics and me ch a n i sms f catalysis, metabolism. and biochemical g�netics. Co n ce pt s i ntrodu ed in Physical Chemi try and Bioche! l istry will be applied i n this co u rs e . .Laboratory designed to stimulate c rea ti v i ty and p roble m ­ solving ab i l it i es throu gh thl? usc of modern biochemical techniques. Des igne d fOl- �tudents iIIterested in grad ua te school or research . Prerequisites: 33 2 . 334, 34 1 and/or 342 or p er m is s i o n . 403. I I (3) ­

4 1 0 Introduction to Research

A course designed to introdu e the

st u d e n t to labo ratory resea rch tech niqu e , use of the literature. i ncludiJl g computerized l i terature searching, research p ro p osa l a n d report wri Emphasis n th tudent developing and m a ki n g p rogress on an independ nt chemical rC earch problem chosen in consultation with a mem ber of the hem i s t r y faculty. tudent w i J l attend e m ina rs "as part of the ourse requirement. TI (2)

435 Instrume. ntal Analysis

Theory and practice of instrumental methods a lo ng with basic el� tronics. S p e c i a l e m p h a s i s p l a c e d on electronics. spe c t ro ph o ­ tometric, radloch elllical, a n d mass s p e c t ro m et ri c methods. Prerequ i si tes: 3 2 1 , 3 4 1 and/or 342. 343. rr (4)

n o c ;xl






440 Advanced Organic Chemistry tudents w i l l d e vel o p a re p e rto i r e o f syn th e ti me t ho do l o gy and a ge n e ra l u n dersta nding

o w VI cr:

o u



Un iversi ty, Tunghai University, and Zhongshan University) may request that credits earned through these programs

of J v ar i et y of orga n i c reaction mechanisms. Top ics may i n c l u de , for ex a mpl e , syn t h c t i o rg a n i c strategies and design , the , nail' is of dassic and r ent total syntheses from the l i terature, and advanced a p p l ic at i on s of instrumentation i n o rg a n ic chemistry. Prereq uisite: 332. a/y 1 994 -95 II ( 2 )

be counted toward the major or minor. With the approval

450 Inorganic Chemistry Technique of s t r u c t ura l determ ina tion ( l R , UV, VI " N M R, X­ ray, EPR), b o nd in g principles, non- metal c o m p o u n d s , coordina­ tion chemistry, organo metallics, donor/accep tor c o n ce p ts , reaction pathway and bioche mical ap p l i c a t i o ns are covered. Laboratory incl udes sy n t h es i s a n d a n i n- dep t h exp lo r at io n of the p hy sica l p ropert ies of non -metal, o o rdinarion and orga.nome­ tal l ic co m p o u n ds. Prere q uisi tes: 3 3 1 , 332, 3 4 1 ; Co requi si te 342. a/y I I (3)

Guldin, Director; Barnowe, Clau se n , Gi dd i n gs, Hua, Lee.

456 Polymers and Biopolymers A c urse p rese n t i n g the fundamentals of polymer s y n t h es is, solulion thermodynamic p ro p e r t i es, molec ular characterization, molec ula r weight distribution, and s o l ut i o n kinetics. Free rad i c a l , condensation, ionic, and b i op o l y me r s tems are covered, with il lustra ted a p p l i c a t i o ns taken from the m ed ica l, engineering" nd chemical fields. The one-credit l a bo ra to r y exa mining p o ly m e r syn t h es i s t h ro u gh e xp e ri me n ts is optional. Prerequisite: 34 1 ; Corequisite, 342. a/y I I ( 3 ) 460 Seminar Presenta tion by students of kn owle dge g a i n e d by p er s o na l l i b r a r y or laboratory resea rc h, supp leme n te d with se m i na rs by p ractic­ ing scientists. Participation of all senior chemis try m aj o rs is re­ q u i re d and aU oth�r chem is t ry - o ri en t ed tudents are e n co u r ag ed to p art i ci p ate. Sem illar progrnm will be held du ri n g the e n t i re year b u t credit ill be aw a r de d i n the sp ri n g semester. I II (2) 491 Independent Study L i b ra ry an d / or l a bo r ato ry stud)' of top ics not included i n regularly offered courses. Pro p ose d pr oj e c t must b e ap p rove d by dep rtment cha ir and supervisory respo ns ib i l i ty a cc ep ted by a n instructor. May b e taken m o re t h a n once. 1 11 ( 1 ,2, o r 4) 497 Research Exp rimental or theo r tical invest igation open to up p e r division

students with consent of de p a r t m e n t chair. lvlay be taken more t han o n ce. Ge n e r ally consist of an e x p a n de d s tu dy of the research project deve loped in 490. I II ( 1 ,2 or 4) 597, 598 Graduate Research Opm to master 's degree nd idates only. Prerequisite: cons e n t o f department cha i r. I I I (2-4)

p rog r

in and



Studies program is an i nterdisciplinary is designed to provide students interested

which a

broad foundation in Ch i ne

h istory, and


opportunity to

and experi mental courses may be in cluded in the major or m i nor.

FACULTY: A co m m i t tee of facu l t y administers


foc lls

l a nguag


on the religious­

of The program requires that major and minor studen ts complete c ursework in at least (hree diffe rent discipl ines: Ch inese l an guage, history, and ant hropology, philosophical world view and the economic stmc ture China.

with optional work in religion, busi ness, and. fo r appli­ cable students, i n tegrat d tudies. t uden ts who participate in t h e university' China exchange programs ( u rren tly a t the Sichuan Union

this program:

re q ui red , 1 2 elective) ; students must take at least one Chinese h i sto r y co u rs e . Required Courses: (24 semester hOllrs) Anthropology 343 - East Asi an Cultures Chinese [ 0 1 - El e m e n ta r y Chinese Chinese 102 - E leme n t a r y Ch inese Chinese 20 [ - Intermediate Chinese Chinese 202 - I n terme d i a t e Chi nes e Senior seminar, p roj e c t , or inte r n sh i p - selected in consulta­ tion with the Chinese Studies program director. (Possible c h o i ce s for a senior se m i nar in cl u de H isto ry 496 a n d , fo r s t u d e n ts in the Integrated St u d i es Pro g ra m , In te grate d Studies 3 5 1 . ) Electives: ( 1 2 semester hOllrs) Anthropology 345 - C o nt e m po r ar y Chinese Culture Bu s in es 340 - I n t e rn atio na l Bu s i nes s" Chinese 3 5 1 - Com p o s i t io n and Conversation Chi nese 3 7 1 - Chinese Literature in Translation H i s tory 338 - M o de r n C h i n a H isto r y 339 - Re vo l u t i o na r y China H isto r y 496 - Seminar: The Third World (A/Y on China ) '" Rel i g io n 1 32 - Re l ig ions of E ast As i a Re li g io n 390 - Studies i n the Hi st ory of Re l ig i o n: P h i l o s o p hic al - Rel i gi ou s Tradi tions of Ch i na (AIY)" I n t e g ra te d Stu dies 35 1 - I n te g r a ted S tu d i es S e mi n a r'

BACHELOR OF ARTS MAJOR: 36 semester hours (24

MINOR: 20 sem es t er hours (8 re q ui r e d, 12 elective) Required Courses: (8 semester hOll rs in Chinese lmlguagc) Chinese 1 0 1 - El emen ta r y Chi n es e Chinese 1 02 - El e m e n ta r y Chinese (or o n e e q u iva l e n t year of u n i ve rs ity level Chinese, upon approval of th e program director) Electives: (12 semester hours from at least two additional departments) A n th rop o l og y 345 - Co n t em p orary h inese Culture ChUlese 371 - 'hinese Literature in Tr a n s la t i on Histo r y 338 - Modern China H i s to ry 339 - Re vo l u t i o n a r y China Reli g i on 390 - St udies in the H isto r y of Religion: Philosophical - Re l igiou s Traditions of China (AIY)'" •

Chi nese Stud ies Th e C h inese

of the program d irector, selected January-term, sum mer,


Business 340 and In tegra ted Stlldies 351 may co unt for program credits only when the illdividual student's course project is foni�ed on China and is approved by the program director. History 496 and Religion 390 may be counted toward program requ irements wizen these courses focus specifically upon China.






S C I E N C E S o


College of Arts and Sciences

The Classics Progr, m is a coopera t ive e ffort among the

Division of Humanities

Depart ments of Languages, H istory, Philosop hy, Rel igion,


and Art. Itďż˝ goal is to unite the " heart of the l i beral arts"

Langu ages

w it h the m i nd , through history and philoso phy, and the

Ph ilosophy

so ul, through rel igion, and to embellish this t r inity of


themes w i t h the visual experience of art. This i nterdepartmental major requires the completion of 40 semester hours, incl u d i n g at least one year of one of the classical languages and two of the other ( Greek and L a t i n ) . The rema i n i n g courses are selected from the l i s t below i n co nsultation with the program coord i n a tor. CLASSICS COMMITTEE: Snee, Coordinator; Jansen, Myrbo,

Oakman, Pilgrim.


Latin 1 0 1 - 202 - Elementary Latin 20 1 -202 - I ntermediate Greek 1 0 1 - 1 02 - Elementary reck 20 1 -202 - I ntermediate A rt I L O - I ntroduction to Art Art 1 80 - History o f Western Art I Art 386 - I magery and Symbol.ism Cla.s ics 231 - lvlasterpieces of European Literature Classics 250 - Classical Mythology Classic.s 3 2 1 - Greek ivilization Classics 322 - Roman Civilization Natural Sciences 20 1 - History of Science Through the Scientific Revolution Philosophy 33 1 - Ancient Philosophy Religion 2 1 1 - Religion and Literature o f the Old Testament Re ligion 2 1 2 - Religion and Literature of the ew Testament Rel igion 22 1 - A ncient Ch urch History Religion 330 - Old Testamen t Studies Rrligion .33 1 - New Testament Studies I ndependent Study .. ourses Selected January-term Courses Students are expected to become familiar with the reading list for that part of the program (art, literature, h istory, philosophy, or religion) i n which their interest lies. The program is designed to be flexible. In consultation with the lassies o m rn i t tee, a student may elect a course or courses not o n the dassic.s cou rse list. A l l core classics co u rses are taught o ut of the Department o f Languages.


n o c

Division ofNatll ral Sciences

;;0 l/)



Chem istry


Computer Science Earth Sciences Engineering Ma thematics Physics

Z G1

Division of Social Scimces A nthropology


Econom ics H istory Pol itical Science Psychology Social Work and M a r r i age and Fam i ly Therapy Sociology DEGREES OFFERED: Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Science MAJOR REQUIREMENT: A major is a sequence o f courses i n o n e area, usually in one department. A maj or should be selected by the md o f the sophomore year. The choice must be approved by the department chair (or in case of special academic pro­ grams, the program coordinator) . Major requirements are specified in this catalog. The qual ity of work must be 2.00 o r better. D grades may be counted toward graouJtion b u t n o t toward a major. RECOGNIZED MAJORS:

Anthropology Applied Physics Art Biology Chemistry Chinese Studies Classics Communication

Computer Engineering Computer Science Earth Sciences Economics Electrical Engineering Science ( 3 - 2 ) English French German

Hislory I ndividualized Study Lt'gal Studies Mathematics Music Norwegian Philosophy Physics Political Science Psychology Religion Scandinavian Area Studies Social 'Nork Sociology Spanish Theatre

Not m o re than 44 semester hours earned in one department may be applied toward the bachelor's degree in th College. COLLEGE OF ARTS AND SCIENCES REQUIREMENTS: I n addition to meeting the E'ntranc requirement in fo reign

language ( two years of h igh school language, one year of coileg language, or demonstrated equ ivalent proficiency ) , candidates i n the College of Arts and. Sciences ( all B.A., B.S., B.A.Rec., B.A.P. E . a n d 8.S.P.E. degrees) must meet option I , I I, o r In below: I. Completion of one for e ign language th rough the second year of oaege level. This requirement may also be satisfied by completion of fou r years of high school study i n o n e foreign



u.J u..

o u.J Vl 0::

::l o U

u.J u.J




la n gu age or by satisfactory scores on a proficiency exa m i na ­ t i o n a d m i n i tned by t h e P LU D e p ar tm e n t of La ng u a ge s . I I . Co m p l e t i o n thr ) ugh the first year of college level of a foreign la ng u a ge other than that used to s a t i s fy the fo reign language entrance require ment . This o p t i o n may also he m t by s a t i s fac to r y scores on a proficiency exa m i n a t i on a d m i nis­ tered by the PLU Depart ment o f La ng uage s . m . Four sem ster hours in history, literature, or l a ng u age (at the 20 I l e vel , or a t any l ev e l in a l anguage other th a n lhat used to s atis fy the fo re i g n language entra nce requirement) in ad d i t i on to courses a pp l ie d to the ge nera l u nive rs i t y re qui re ­ ments, and Four emester h o u rs i n logic, mathematics ( c o l l ege a l g eb ra or above), co m p u t e r science, o r statistics in a dd i t i o n t o courses ap p li e d to the ge n e ral u.niversity requirements. High school languages used to s a t i � fy any of the above opti ons must have been com ple ted with gra des of 0 [' h i gh er. Courses use d to satisfy eitb r l i n of O p t i o n ru of the C o lle g e of Arts a n d Sciences requirement may not be used to satisfy ge n t'r a l u n ive rsi ty requirements. Any coUege-leve.1 fo reign language cou rse nu mbered 2 0 1 or above used to satisfy O p t io n 1 and any completion of collegel-ievel language t h ro u g h 1 02 used to satisfy Option II m a y also be used to atisfy the Pe rspe c t i ve s on Di ers i t y requ i re me n t in 'ross-Cultural Perspectives. Candidates for the B.A. in English, for the B.A. in E d uc a t i o n with concen tration in E n gl is h , fo r the B. . i n Global Studies, for the B.B.A. in Intern. tional Busi ness, and for election to t h e An�te Society m u s t meet O p l i n I a bove.

Communication an� Theatre The faculty of the Department of Communication and Theatre is co m m itted to


p h ilosop h ical perspect ive o n

commun ication a s t h e process

by which shar d under­ the use

standings are created between audiences through

of symbols. I mplicit within th is is agree­

the assumption that people i n t era ct with one of achieving outcomes, and that this i n teraction is accom p lished through a variety of ment upon

a nother fo r the p u rp se m edi a .

Te ac h ing must balance the

wi th s p ec i fic skills



d to p repare st udents

com m u ni cators with the n ed to

locate the learning o f those skills in the broader context of the liberal arts traditi o n . We strive to produce students

who h ave mastered the competencies deman ded in their field of communication s t u dy. We also endeavor to i nsure that o u r s t u d e n ts h ave an appreciation of a l l aspects of the co m m u nication spectrum as well as a broader u n d e r s t a nd ­ ing of the proces. by which shared m eanings are created. Wi t h i n the Depart me nt of Co m m un i cati on a nd

Thea t re , five d istinct, yet interrelated areas f hu man communication may be explored: broadcasting, i n ter per ­ sonal communication, j o u rnal ism , public relations, and t h ea tre . Students m ajoring in any of these areas articulate and te t th ei r ide, , d

clop their indi 'dual abilities, and

gain comp tenc in variou

trateg ie fo r impr


e ffe tive communication. They acq uire knowledge and skills t hai apply to nearly every sp ecl of their pr i

ate and

p u bl i c l ives. areer p rosp ects for students trained in co mmuni. cation

an d theatre are excellent A p e r s o n' s ca reer may ultimately

t u rn Ollt to be quite d i ffe ren t

from what was originally



of course, bu t i n

rapidly changing world,

certai n fu ndamental skills and resources are necessa r y fo r

adaptation and



As the work enviro n ment in the

coming decades beco mes increasingly oriented toward

wil l be critically important for student to have the abil ity to com mu 11icate clearly and effectively, both orally a n d i n w r i t i. n g . Those who maj o r o r minor i n one of t h e co mmu nication a r t s w i l l be fa r a h ea d commun ications, i t

of their contemporaries who n e gl ect to prepare fo r the world o f tomorrow. FACULTY: Inch, Chair; B a r t a n e n , Becvar, Ewart, Harney, Parker, Rowe, Spic .r, Wil. on.


the fol l owing courses fro m

Commu.nication and T h ea t re may b used to m e e t the gene ra l u n i vers i t y c o r re q u i remen t in the a r ts: 1 5 1 , 1 60, 162, 163, 24 1 ,

358, 359, 363, 364, 458. COMM UNICATION CORE SEQUENCE:

Broadcast, journal­ ism, in terp e rs on al communi ation, and public relations m aj o rs must take a n initial core of courses as follows: 1 23, 27 1 , 283. NOTE: 123 and 271 mus t be taken i n the sequence l i s te d . T h ey cannot be taken co n c u r re n t ly. DECLARATION OF MAJOR: S t u d en t s who want to d e c l a re a

major with an e m ph a s is in b roa dca s t i ng , interpersonal communication, j o u r n a l i sm , or p u blic relat i o ns : commun ication

I . Will, at the time of de cl a ra t i o n , have a c u m ulative grade p o i n t average of at least 2 . S . 2 . Wi l l have successfu lly co mp le te d the Communication Co re ( 1 23, 2 7 1 , and 283) with a gra de p o i nt average of 2.5 or h i gh e r. Transfer students will be given the opportunity to pa ss a pre-test on material ta ught in 1 2 3 , 27 1 , and 283. BACHELOR OF ARTS MAJORS: M a x i mum

hours in any of the areas


of 40 semester

of concent ra tion:

Broadca5tillg - req uired co u rses: 1 23, 27 1 , 283, 373 , 374, 378,

and 38 1 , plus 1 2 ad d it io na l

300 and 400 level after consultation w i th ad­

h o u rs from

comml.l.lli c ation c o u rses elected

Requ i red s upporting areas: 4 h o u r s each in econom ics, 8 additional hours i n one of those are a s . S t u d e n t s must earn a grade of B in 283 or have the instructor's permission i n order to advance i n the sequence. 2. Interpersonal CO/'ll l l1ullicalion - reqllired courses: 1 23, 2 7 1 , 283, 328, 330, 437, pIns 1 6 ad di ti o n a l hours from 300 a n d 400 level communication courses selected after consultation with adviser. 3. Jo urnalism - req uired co u rses: 1 23 , 27 1 , 283, 380, 38 1 , 384, 480, p l u s 12 ad l i tional hours from 300 and 400 l e ve l co m m u n ica­ t io n courses selected after consultation with adviser. Re q u i re d s u p p o r tin g areas: 4 hours ea h in ec no m i cs , history, and p o l i tical sc ie n ce plus 8 a d d i t io nal hours in one f those areas. S t u d e n t s mu t earn a g rade 0 B in 283 o r have the instructor's permis:ion in o rde r to advance in the se qu e n ce. 4. Public Re.latiolls - reqllired cou rses: 1 23, 2 7 1 , 283, 385, 435, p lu s 20 additional hours from 300 and 400 level communication co ur sel ec te d after consultation with ad iser. 5. Theatre - Acti ng/Directi ng Emphasis - required cou rses: 1 5 1 , 1 60, 2 25 , 250, 352, 357, 363, 364, 425, p l us 6 hours from com­ munication a nd theatre courses in consultation with adviser. 6. Theatre - Design/Tecfm ical Emphasis - req u i red co u rses: 1 5 1 , 1 60, 225, 250 o r 454, 352, 3 5 6 , 363 , 364, 425, 452 or 453, plus 6 hoLUs fro m c o m m u n ication and theatre cou rses i n co n s u l ta ­ tion with adviser. viser.

h istor y, and p ol it ic a l sc i e nc e p lus



T H E A T R E o

All candidates for the B.A. degree must satisfactorily complete a formal internship of I to 8 semester hours under the supervision of a faculty member. Students may register for Communication or Theatre 225 o r 425 o r may register for ooperative Education 3 76 or 476. [n the latter case, regular Cooperative Education guidelines must be followed. Internships do not count as part of the 40-hour maximum in any of the areas of concentration. In addition to requirements l isted above, candidates for the B.A. degree must meet the option requirements in the College of Arts and Sciences. BACHEWR O F FINE ARTS MAJOR: At

least 54 semester hours

in any of the two areas of concentration: l . Broadcasting - required co u rses:

1 23 , 2 7 1 , 283, 373, 374, 378,

and 38 1 , plus 26 hours selected in consultation with adviser.




Acting/Directing Emphasis - requ ired co u rses:


1 5 1 , 24 1 , 2 5 0 , 3 5 2 , 3 5 7 , 3 3 , 364, 454, plus 1 8 hours selected

in consultation with adviser. 3. Theatre - Design/Technical Emphasis - required courses: 1 5 1 ,

225, 250 o r 454, 352, 356, 363, 364, 4.25, 452 or 453, plus 1 8

hours selected i n consultation with adviser. Al l candidates fOf the B.F.A. degree must satisfactorily complete a formal internship o f ! to 8 semester hours under the supervi­ sion of a faculty member. Students may register for Communica­ tion o r Theatre 225 or 425 or may register for Cooperative Education 376 or 476. In the latter ca.\ie, regular Cooperative Education guidelines must be followed. BACHELOR OF ARTS IN EDUCATION: See School of Education.

MINORS: J . In terperso nal Com m u n ication: 20 semester hours, including 1 23 , 437, plus 12 hours from 300 and 400 level communica­

tions courses selected in consultation with adviser. Public Relations: 20 semester hours, including 1 2 3 , 2 7 1 , 283, 385, plus 4 hours from 400 level communication courses selected i n consultation with adviser. 3. Th ea tre : 20 semester hours, including 1 5 1 , 1 60, 24 1 , 250, plus 4 hours from commun ication and theatre course selected in consultation with adviser. 4. The Dance Minor is cross-referenced with the School of Physical Education. See the description of that minor under


Physical EdzKatioll.

5. The P ubli s hil1g and Printing Arts lvIiI/or is cross-referenced

with t he Department of English. See the descrip tion of that minor under English.

Course Offe ri ngs: Communication


Communication and Theatre: A Way of Seeing,

A Way of Sharing

Introduces the study of communication and theatre. An over­ nature of human communication; theatre as a distinct communication form; the systematic analysis of com­ munication by scholars. Usc of a critical perspective rather than a historical one. St(ldents learn how to use critical tools to ex.amine communication in various forms, including interper­ sonal contexts, theatre, television, film, and print. Introduction of the research and reasoning tools necessary for people seeking a career in a communication field. ( 4 )

view of the

225, 425 Communication Practlcom One

semester hour credit may be earned each semester, but only

4 semester hours may be used to meet university requirements.

Students put classroom theory to practical application by individually completing a project relating to an aspect of communication. An instructor in the area of interest must approve the project and agree to provide gu idance. I I I .



Introduction to Research in Communication

The tudy of methods of gathering, interpreting, and evaluating data in the study o f human communication. Both quantitative and quali tative research methods. ( 2 )


Media Literacy

Introduces the critical study of media and their effects by discussing three elements ( f media literacy: understanding the techn ical nature of media and providing rudimentary knowledge of their operation; understanding the media as an industry and how the profit motive affects production, presentation and consumption of media; and understanding the effects of mediated messages on individual and collective behavior. ( 4 )






The Book in Society

English 322. ( 4 )


Publishing Procedures


Nonverbal CommllDication

See English 322 ( 4 )

Focus on the nonverbal aspe.cts of communication within the framework of interpersonal interact.ion. Prerequisite: 123 or consent of instructor. ( 2 )


Group CO.D1D1llDication

Survey and analysis of small group communication theory and research. II (4)



The study of reason-giving in social decision-making. Analysis of the genres, forms, and techniques of arguers. Particular emphasis is given to studying academic, legal, and public policy debates. 1 ( 4 )


Public Speaking

Focus on a variety of situations and presentational methods. Topics vary according to the skill level of course participants. Pote ntial topics include audience analysis, technical reporting, using visual aids, and persuasion. Open to both majors and non- majors. I I I ( 4 )


Foundations o f Communication Theory

An introduction to the theoretical concepts and research tools of interpersonal Jnd mass communication research. Prerequisites: 1 2 3 , 2 7 1 , or consent of instructor. I II (4)



Process: Speaking and Writing

Introduces ,"riting and speaking as distinct yet interrelated parts of the communication process. Class divided into tlVO gTOUpS; each group will spend half the semester in the writing s minar and the other half in the speaking seminar. Writing seminar introduces copy formats and style rules for writing in communi­ cation-related careers. Students complete a number of diverse writing assignments to appreciate the mechanics of writing and the role of audiences. Speaking seminar introduces the basic techniques of public speaking. Students complete several types of speeches to learn basic skills such as to p i c selection, research, organization, audience analysis, and delivery. Prerequisitf.: 1 23.

32 1

n o c

Gender and Communication

Attempts to analyze and u nderstand the reiatioIlsbip between gender and communication behavior. omparison and contrast of male and female communication styles, s-irnilarities and differences in language usage, interpersonal dialogues, group discussions and listening in personal and professional a renas. Analysis o f the impact of gender-based communication i sues such as assertiveness and aggre�sion, power a.nd conflict resolution, dominance a.nd in terruption. ( 4 )





V1 19 Z cr: w

o LU V1 cr: :::J o u

335 Intercultural Communicat.ion Workshop Design ed to a cq u a i n t tudents with tJl<" i n ll u en ce of cul t u r al backgrounds, pe rc ep tua l s ,terns, social o rgan izatiol1, l3Jlg uage,

435 Organizational Communication C mm unication systems and studies within formal organiza­

and nonverbal messag� in i nte rcu lt ural commullication.

directive o m m u n ication a related to dlM lnels, structures,

I nte rcultural experie nces o utside the cI

stJtus, involvement., moral , a n d leadersh .i. p . Prerequi s i te: or consent o f i nstructor. ( 4 )


arranged and

likely to intens 'Iy i nvolve them with someone from another culture.


Focus on theory and research of i n for mational and

436 Persuasion Anal ysis and t:v,ll ll at io n of t he dim ensions


of p e rsua sio n in

communicaLion empha i zi ng contemporary theoreti cal models


and resea r h. I n estigaLion o f how re earch and model may be

co m m u n i cators must present t h e i r ideas cl arly a n d

pe rsuasively; i n formation

co n duct

effectiv i n fo r ma tion gath ering :lnd

g i v i ng i n tcr"iew

j and understand t h e significance

of communication in the (J[g nizationaJ cont :\ t. F

us o n the

of om munic ati o n pro esses in orga nizational se tt ings

and opportu n i t y t o develop s p eci fi c c o m m u n i c a r ion skil ls. Through re ad in gs, discussion. observa Lion, experien e, and (!

ai lla t io n, �tudents will be introduced


p ub lic sp ea k i n g tech ­

niques used in i n formative a n d persuasi e I:o n t xts, i nte rv i ew i n g



336 Communicating in Business and the Professions

natur LU

s s ro o m nre

will be re qu i red . I ntended Cor those whose work or l i fes t yle is


st rategies, and the role of l isten i ng.

(4 )

E lements of audio prod uc t io n, an alysis of program de ign, scrip t i n , a nd p roduction tools and tec hn iq ues . Lecture and c

n ent of ins t ructor. (4)

374 Video Production p r o du c t i o n tools and tech niqu es. Lc tur

and laborato ry.

28 or consent of instructor. (4)

378 Broadcast Journalism Techniqu s of broadcast j ou rn ali s m. App l ic a t i o n s of news g a th er i n g , wr i t i n g , and rep o rti ng in a broadcast context. ews and f a t llre assignments using broadca:t eq u i p ment in the field and s t ud io. Prereqllisite: 3 7 4 .


· t t i ng s . Prerequisite: 333 or consent



437 Advanced Interpersonal Communication The study of the theories, concept�, and applications of com m u ­ n i c a t io n a t the dyad ic leve l . How people i n tera c t at this leve l and how the q u a l i ties of those inte ractions i n fluence t h e i r com m u n i ­ cation competence a n d success. Prerequisite:

333 or consent of

i nSL ruc tor. ( 4 ) T h ro u g h case studies, students exami ne current is ues in pub lic relation

r ese a rc h


and p r a c t ic e .

mphasis on researdl models,

issues m a n ageme nt, i n fluence o f orga n i z a t i o n a l culture on the

p ub lic relations fu nction, and p u bl i c relations management. Prerequ isite:

Ana lysis a n d app lication of program design, wri till g a n d Prerequisite:

i nst r u tor.

438 Advanced Public Relations

373 Audio Production

laborato ry. Pr 'req u isile: 283 or

applied in contemporary

. 85

or consent of i n s truct o r. (4)

439 Intercultural Commwlh:ation Analysis of ontempo ry t heory and res<.:arch ( n the effects of a variety of c u l t u ra l variables on wm mun ication among peop le. The i n flu e nc e of cu l t u ra l backgrounds, perception, social organi­ zation, langllage, a nd nonverbal aspects of llle�sages in intercul­ tural setti ngs. I n t e r c ul tural xperience. o u tside th required.

c la s sr oom

Prerequisire: 333. ( 4 )

440 Conflict and Communication

380 Newspaper Editing, Layoot, and Design

Unde rstJ n d ing of the role played by co m m u n ica L i o n in t he

election ,1Ild editi ng of news copy ilnd headl ine writ i n g. Selection, izing, a nd cropping of photos. FuncLions of l ayo u t .

rea t i o n , managemen t, a.nd res o l u t ion the theories of p ro m in en t


of human confl ict. U e of

n llkt and peace s holars a n d s igni­

Princip l es o f n e wspaper design a n d their practical applications.

fica n t case studie to develop a method for b e t t er u nde csl.wd lng

P r- �eq ui s it : 283. ( 4 )


381 Media Law and Principles a p pl i cat i o n of law i o new gat he ri ng, pu bl ish ing, and broadcas ti no. (4)

450 Workshop in Effective Public Speaking

The theory and

384 Advanced News lUporting Rep f t i n g of p o l i t i s an d pol ice, c urts and other govern me ot,1 1 fu nct ions, invest ig, Live repo r t i n g Jnd \V'Titing. Blend of fi eld t rips and wri t i ng e x.ercises. Prereq ui si t e :

283. (2)

385 Introduction to PubUc Relations t h e the ory, research. ond practical as p ects of p u b l ic relatIOns. Prob lem - solv in g tow'ard creating shared u nder­ I n troduct ion l

standings between profit , nd n o n - profit organ izat i ons ,lOd their variou s const i tuencies. S t rong emphasis on w rit i n g. Prerequisite: Com pletion

f communication core ( 1 23, 2 7 1 , 283 ) ,l nd a grade

of B- or higher . in 283 or c nsent o f i n struct

r Il (4)


m me n t ar i es fo r

newspapers and broadcast. FUOCLion of the editorial and editor i al pages in the news media . Prerequ i s ite : 283. ( 2 )

3 90 Ethlcs i n Communi(:ation Starl ing from basi princi ples of moral phi losop hy, students e. plore e th ic JI issues invo l ing those engaged i n communica­ tions prof i o ns, 'U h as journal ism, p u b l ic re l a ti o n , broa.d­ cas t i ng and advert isi ng, both from the stan dp oi nt of the individual and from that f the professi o n . Clas ' discussion centers on


uf conflict. ( 4 )

udience analysis, topic selection, organ ization of i d ea s fo r

various audiences, t y p es of speeche" use of v i s u a l aids, a n d ddivery. Designed for b th novices and those w h

h ave had

some e.xpcrience as speakers. A week-l ng series of lec tures, discus. i n . , rcadlng , exercises, and practical a p p l ieati ns to h Ip participants become m o re com fortable and f ectivc as speakers. ( 2 )

475 Advanced Media Produ(:tiou P rod uc in g , s cri p tin g, d i r ec tin g , p rforming and e va l ua t i n g so­ p h ist icated audio and video program m ing. Prere q u isite:

374. ( 4 )

48 0 In-Depth and Investigative lUporting Gr o u p repo rting in deptb on a sin 'de issue. Students select the subject, organize the staff, rtsearch a.nd inteJl'i



illust rations, edit copy, and lay out th e completed work. Sub­

388 Editorial Writing Research and w r it i n g of edit rials an


nat ure and resolut i on

studies as students leam


recognize eth ic:l1

diJem mas and c rea t e 5trategies fo r dea lin g wit h t h e m . II (4)

mission of the s t udents' work t tion. Prerequisit


380, 384. ( 4 )

TIle Ma5t fo r possible publica­

485 lnuadisciplinary Perspectives in Communication A semi nar to acquaint se ni o r Ie el c m m u n i ca t i o n majors with the relat io nship of commw1ication theory; maSs communica­ tion, and theatre as pans of the d i sci pli ne of human co mm ul1.i­ cation. Limited to 1 6 students who h,we c o m pl e te d

the b u l k of

t hei r major re quire m ents . Discussion of research a n d philo­ soph ical issu es o m Olon to t h e t il ree

a rea

. Student co mplete a

resea rch paper covering 'orne application of th nature o f co mm unica tio n .


i n t radiscipl i n a r y



T H E A T R E o m

49 1 . 492. 493 Special Studie in Co mm unication [ nvc ligat i on or research in a rea l)f opecial int resl n o t co ered by reg ul a r courses; open to qual ified j u n io r or sen ior students. sludent should not b gin registra l i n fo r i nde p e n dent u n t i l t he spccifi


area or investigalion has been approved by a

departmental sp o n sor.

( L A)

Course Offe rings: Theatre 1 5 1 Stage Technology Basic t heo r y and p rocedu re of all backstage leme n ts in the theatre, cost umes, scenery, p rop ' , l igh ts, m ake up, d nd manage· melll . l ( 4 ) 1 60 Introduction to Theatre f theatre.

ous ffshoots ( e . g. , film, t e lev i si o n, rock con c erts ) th ro ugh a ud i nee p a rticipation and personal contact. D velo p m e n t of h ei g hten ed ,lware.n ss and

f w h M makes for good theatre.


162 History of American Film oneent rate.s on the devel pm e nt and growth of the motion pic t u re i n the U n i ted S tat es fro m 1 895 to the prese n t . Em phasis o n the filin d i recto r, whose implementation of t1lm t e c hnique formative artistic force in the c i nema.

Socie ta l i n fluences such as eco nom ic facrors, p u b l ic att i t u de s

and m o res , and p o l i t icaJ positi ons refl cted in the nit d St':1tes thro ugh o ut the past 75 years, wh ich pnwidc the fi l m media with s ha p e and t hemat ic focus, wi l l p rov ide parallel p o in t . of ference.


Concentrates on the develo pment and gro\ th of inte r n at ion.11 film. Societal i n fluences such as economic fac tors, public artitudes a nd mores, and political p osit i ons reflec ted i n the

world throughout the past 75 years. (4)

225. 425 Theatre Practicum One semester h o u r credit may be e::t med each seme ter, b u t on ly 4 semester h o u rs may be used to meet u nive rsi ty requirement . St u den put classroom th e o ry to p ractical a p p l ication b , ind ividually completing a project rel a t in g t o an aspect o f th ar re. An i n s t r uc t or i n the area of i n t r Sl must a pp rove the project an d agree to p ro v ide guidance. I I I 24) Oral Interpretation of Literature The art of co m m u n the essence of a piece of literature t o an audie nce; i nterpreting i t expe rie ntially, logically. a n d emotional ly. I n d ividual an d group perfo rm a n ce. I r r (4) 250 Fundamentals of Acting tors

and a ct resses, their nalural

and learned ski l ls; exercises i n memo ry, imagination, and observation; i m prov isatio ns and sce nes from m od er n pia



35 1 Stage Makeup Special ized w ork in planning a n d , pplication of tech ni ques from sLr a ig ht makeup thr ugb aging, three d i men i o n a l , and spe ial effects, ( 4 )

352 Stage Management All of the fac e ts of ma n agi ng a th ea t ri c a l production: pl annin g , cheduling, rehe..1 rsal process. documenta tion, and i n terpe rson a l rel ationsh ips.


356 Stage Ughting Stage l ig hti ng fro m th de ve l o p men t f electric ity and lighting in lruments t the complete design of l i gh t ing a show. l I ( 4 )


250. (4)

H ct i n g


358 Advanced Acting Study f the work of an a c tor; c h a racter analysi. and e mbo d i­ ment, u$ing scenes fro m plays; i nclu d es styles 0 acting as ddined by b is tor ical period. Prerequ isite: 357. II (4) 359 Acting for the Non-Actor Study of the acto r's craft and the implementation of theaI' . Spe ifically designed or those wh o h. w:. n o u ri sh ed a curiosity to explore the art of d t ing but have b en i n t i m id a t ' d by a la k of

Em p hasis on individuaJ awaren ss and i nterest. th ea tre m ajors or

minors. (4)


open to

n o c ;;0 VI m o

363 History of the Theatre: Aeschylus Th rough 'furgeniev healre as it evolved from ils primit ive ori in th ro ug h re pr esen tative soc ieties; dent ree e, R o me , Rcnai sance, Modem E u ro p an, and A m rica n . Fmp hasis on rcJigioli , phl losophical, and p o l i t i ca l t hought as rcHeeted i n the dra m a of eacb period.

I (4) 364 History of the Theatre: Ibsen Through to the Present (See desc rip t ion for 363. ) I l ( 4 ) 452 Scenic Design Developml?fl t of art ist ic and techn ical ab i l i t i in the field of sc e n ic desip,n incorporating ma ny periods and style as well as 453 Costume Design

Development of l1[tistic and r chnical • bi L ities i.n the field of cost u me design incorporatin g h is tor y, patterns, and ren de r­ i ngs. 4 )

454 Play Direction The ro l l' of th director, h istorical ly and c r i t ically; an intcn. ive s t udy lhat L bOlh p racl ieaJ ;1Jl d theorerical in its approach to the art of the play di recto r. Study of many diffe rent d ire cting philo­ soph ies. Ea h student i.s requir d to direct scenes from plays rep resen tati ve of a l l periods of theatre h i to ry. A final p rojec t , cons i ' l ing of a contemporar,

cene, w l l l c tl l l llinate the cours

Prerequis i tes: 1 5 1 , 250. a n d j u nior st.uus. n


458 Creative Dramatics Designed t

acquaint the st u de n t with m a t riab, techniques, and

t heor ies of creative dramatics. St udents partic ipate i n creative dr am at ics. intended for el me n t ar y a n d j u n ior h igh school teachers or pro pecti e teachers, theatTe n'laj ors, reLigious

l eade rs, , outh and camp o nnselo[s, day c , re workers, soc ial and psychological wo rker ' , a nd commllnity theaLre leaders i n terested in working wilh children. �


49 1 , 492. 493 Special Studies in Theatre rnve tigati 11" or rc carch in area of spcc i a l interest not c vered by regu l aJ' courses; upen to q u a l i fi e d j u n ior or senior students. A st ud e n t h uld n o t begi n regist ration fur independent study un t i l the eaG area o r i nve tiga, ion has been appr ved by a depa rtmenta l sponsor. ( 1 -4) 596-598 Research in Theatre For graduate shldents

o n ly.


pr par, t ion of model , r en de rin g, and draft .i ngs. (4)

1 63 Diitory o f the Foreign FUm

An examinat ion of the work of a

by the actor, ,ll1d exam i n tion of current

those w h o have never p:lI'ticipaLed in any thea t rical endeavor.

Exposu re to th e atre and its num



k nowledge or pr i or ex pe rie nce. I n troduction of act i ng t h eory to

Study of botJl p ra ct i ca l and theoretic, 1 a peets

and theory erve5 as th


t h e modern theatre , e m p hasis o n t h e i m p o r tance of play ana lysis


596-598 Research in Communication For graduale students o n J }'. ( 1 -4)

1 ' ppreeiation

357 intermediate Acting. Tbe Actor At Work Study of the Jetor on taday's stag . Work on the a naJys is 3 11d p erfo rma n ce o f the m ode r n rea l istic play. P r ac t ica l experience i n the art of the actor t h ro u g h performance of scenes from pl ays o f

( 1 -4)



1 5 2, 245, 230 (or 3 3 1 ) . Students should begin Computer Science 1 44-270 and Mathematics 1 5 1 - 1 52 as early in their program as

Computer Science Computer science deals with t he t he o ry, design, and ap p l ic a t io n of co m p u t i ng systems and the study


cr: ::J o u

of the

stori n g an d mani p ula tion o f data a n d i n formation . The core study of computer science b ro a dly divides i n to six

general areas: so ftware design, p rog ra m m i n g l a n guage Conc.epts, algorithms, data structures, computer elements

a nd arch itecture, a n d theoretical foundations. The

gram at Pacific Llthcran University provides



b ro ad base

core o f fundamental mat rial in each o f these areas. The program stresses analysis and design experiences with

substantial lab o r atory work, including software develop­ ment. I n addi tion, st u dents are exposed to a variety of


progr, m m i ng languages a n d systems. Students can choose from a n u m ber of upper level courses which insure a depth of kn owled ge i n t h e c re material as well as a n under­ s ta n d in g o f current develo pments i n the fteld.

The Bachelor of cience degree in computer science has

been ac red i ted by the Computer Science Accreditation Commission of th Comput i ng Sciences Accredita tio n

Board, I nc.

FACUlTY: Edison, Chil ir; Beaulieu, Blaha, Brink, C. Dorner, Hauser, Ro senfeld, Spillman. BEGINNING C LASSES: There are several beginning level classes in computer science designed for students with variolls needs: Co mpu rer Science 220: This is a o urse for all students wishing a n introduction to the computer and applications of software packages. Comp uler Science 1 44: This

is the first course in the computer science major and is a course i n Pascal programming. Students majoring in computer science, engineering, mathematics, most, and the management information systems concentration in business, will choose this course as their beginning course. Compl/ter Sciellce 1 1 0, 2 1 0, and 1 1 5: These courses provide stu­ dents other opportunities for gaining experience with c mputers and their applications at an in troductory level. COMPUTER EQUiPMENT: The program is supported by PLU's AX b2 L O/6220 cluster computing ystems, along with approximately 40 IBM -PC microcomputers, which are available for general student use. In addition, the department operates a lab which contains eXT and SlJN workstations, M DOS and M cintosh microcomputers, an HP 9000 sy ·tem, and an 1 ntel hypercube. COMPUTER CAREERS: >[aduates with computer science degre s have a wide r, ng of career opportunities open to them, includ ing software development, sy tems analysis, hardware development, database management, computer product sup­ port, education, and applications programming. C OMPUTER SCI ENCE MAJOR: Students majoring in com­ puter science may choose to earn either a Bachelor of Arts degree or a Bachelor of Science degree. The Bachelor of Arts program is the minimum preparation suitable for further professional study and i s often combined with extensive study or a second major i n an allied fieid. The Bachelor of Science is a strong, scientific degree which contains additional courses in computer sci nee, mathematics, and science and serves both students going dire tly into employment on graduation and those going into graduate programs. Both degrees are based on the same core courses: Computer Science 1 44, 270, 380, 486, Engineering 346, Mathematics 1 5 1 ,

possible. BACHELOR OF ARTS MAJOR: At least 2 6 semester hours of computer science including 1 44, 270, 380, 486, ngineering 346, a second computer language ( 240, 242, 243 or 343 are sug­ gested). The remaining hours are fro m computer science courses numbered above 329 (excluding 449 ) . Engineering 446, 480 and 4 8 1 count as computer science courses. Up to 4 hours may be substituted from Math 3 4 1 , 345, and 346. Required supporting: Math 1 5 1 , 1 52, 230 or 3 3 1 , 245. BACHELOR OF SC IENCE MAJOR: 40 semester hours in com­ puter science plus 30 hours of supporting co llrse in mathemat­ ics and science. The 40 semester hours of computer science must include 144, 270, 343, 375, 380, 486, Engineering 346, and 14 additional credits of approved elective courses, one of which . must be from 367, 420, 436, 444. Elective courses submitted for approval are to be selected fro m the computer science courses numbered above 329 (except 449 and 5 0 1 -509 ) , Engineering 446, 480, 48 1 , or hours from Math 34 1 and 346 not co un ted toward the 30 hours of required supporting courses. The 30 hours of supporting courses in mathematics and science must include: 1. Math 1 5 1 , 1 52, 245, 230 (or 3 3 1 ) , 345 (or 3 4 1 ) . 2. A minimum of L 1 hours of approved Science/Quantitative Methods which includes a year's sequence of a laboratory science (Physics 1 5 3 - 1 54 with 1 6 3 - 1 64, Chemistry 1 1 5 - 1 1 6, Biology 1 6 1 - 1 62, Earth Sciences 1 3 1 - 1 3 2 ) and two additional science courses. 3. The remaining hours, if a ny, may be chosen from any math course numbered above 329 (except 446 ) or any natural science/quantitative methods course. The Bachelor of Science degree in Computer Science has been accredited by the Computer Science Accreditation 'ommission of the Computing Sciences Accreditation Board, Inc. MINOR IN COMPUTER SCIENCE: Computer Science 1 44, 270, 380, and Engineering 346 plus a second computer language. Required supporting: Math 1 5 l or 1 28. MINOR IN INFORMATION SCIENCE: Computer Science 1 44, 270, 367, Business 2 8 1 , 325, plus 4 hours from Business 282, 364, 380, 42 1 , 428, 487. Strongly reco mmended: Computer Science 242 or 243. SECONDARY TEACHING MINOR: See description under School of Edllca tion.

ELEMENTARY TEACHING MAJOR: See description under School of Education.


Course Offerings A grade of C or higher is strongly recommended in all prerequisite courses. 1 1 0 BASIC Introduction to interactive computing, branching, looping, subscripts, functions, input/output, subroutines and simple file techniques in the context o f the BASIC language and system development. Not normally taken by computer science majors. Prerequisite: high school algebra. ( 2 )


S C I E N C E o

1 1 5 Introduction to the World of Mathematics and Computers (Math 1 15) A . t u d y of mathematics

and comput(:'[s in the modern world with a wide variet}' of a p p l icat i o n s and a historical perspective. This class is d es ign d fo r students without e. teosi e k n o w le d ge of ma th e ma t i cs , bllt who want to acquire a 1 asie understanding of the n a ture of mathematics and computers. o t i J1 t e n d e d for majors in scien o r mathematics or co mputer science. ? me BAS! and/or LOGO p rogr a m mi ng is in clud ed. PrereqllJslte: two years of college p repa ra to ry mathematics or equivalent. I I I (4) 144 Introduction to Computer Science n i n t ro du c t i o n to c o m p u te r scien e i n c l u d i n g algo r i th m de­ s i g n , st r u c t u red p ro g ra m m i n g , nu merical!no n - n u �1eri al ap pli ­ cations and use of data files. The Pa sca l programmmg language viII be u ed. Req uired fo r computer science major and minors. P reTeq u is i t : MATH 1 40 or MATH ! 28 o r e qu ival e n L I Il ( 4 ) 1 99 Directed Reading up e r v i s e d tudy of to p i c s selected to me e t the individual's n e ds o r in te re ts, p r i mar i ly for t u d en ts awarded adva nced placemenl in Lompllter scien . . Admission only by de p artmen t invitation. ( 1 -2)

210 Introduction to Computerized Information Systems I n t r od u c t i o n to comput rs i nc l u d ing o p erat i n g systems, w ord p ro ces sing , spreadsheets, an d database management. Examp[ �s on I BM PC's. S tu d en t s cannot take both 2 1 0 and 2 2 0 for credit. Prerequisite: TH 1 2 8 or 1 40 or e q u iva len t . (2) 220 Computerized Information Systems I nt r od uc tio n to co m p ll t e rs and their usc i n cl u d i n g manag ment i n fo r m a t io n systems de velop men t, telec mmunications, operating systems, spreadsheets, g raphi cs , and dat.abase m a n ag e­ ment. Exa m p les on I B M P 'so Students will demonstrate u e of a word prec s or. (Additional class sessions on word pr ces s i n g are available, if n ee ded . ) Students cannot take both 220 an d 2 1 0 for credit. P re re qu i s i t e : MATH 1 2 8 o r 140 o r equivalent. I " (4) 240 FORTRAN Programming An accele rated i n tro d u c t i o n to the FORTRA p rogr a m m i ng lan­ guage. Study of the r u l es of s t a te me nt � r mat io n . Topics include input/output, co m pu ta t io n, b ranching, l oo p i ng , Ck 'lta types, and su b p rogr a ms . Numeric and non-numeri p ro ble m s will be solved. S o me previ o us e xp e r i e n ce with programming is recom­ m e n d ed . Pre req ui si t e : MA' H 1 2 8 or 1 40 or e qu ivale nt . a/y ( 2 ) 242

COBOL Programming

Presentation and a pp lica t i on of

the COBOl. p rogra m m i ng

l a n gu a ge to business p ro b l e ms. P rere q u is i te: 1 44, J 1 0, 220, or

co n se n t. of i nst r u c t o r. aly I I (2)

243 C Programming A wo r ksh op in the C p ro g ramm in g language for expe ri e n ed p rogrammer of other h i g h - l e vel l a n gu ages . P re req UiSi te : 270 o r equ i va le n l k n ow le d g e of a high level p ro g r a mm m g language. 243 an I 343 c a n n o t both be taken for c red i t . n ( L ) 270 Data Structures Conti nuation of Pascal programming tech niques and a s t u d y o f data tructure i n c l u din g linked Ii ts, trees, queues, stacks and graphs. A pp l i c a t i ons o f t hese forms to sorting, searching, � nd d a t a storage will be made. P rer equ i s i t e: a g rad e of C - o r h Igher i n 144. I II (4) 322

Microcomputers in the Classroom

Introduction to the use of microcomputers in edu ational s e tt i n g s . To p ics : 1) The computer as a teacher t o o l us i ng word p ro cessi n g , s p rea d s h e e t, and grading p ro gr a ms , 2) Computer a s si s ted instruction, 3) Softw r evaluatio n , 4 ) Integratmg software i n to the c u rri ulum, 5) o pyr i ght laws and public

domain software, and 6) S o ftwa re cu rrently used in education s e t t i n gs . Pre or co-requisite: EDUC 2 5 1 or 253. Does not co u n t to ward degre e s in co m p u t e r science. ( 2 ) 330

Introduction to Artificial lnteUigence

An i n t ro d u c t i on to c o n ce p b of artificial i n t e lli g en c e , i n c l u d i ng expert ystems, natural l a n g uage proc ssing, image u n d� rst a n d ­ i n g, and p ro bl em solving techniques. The AI programmmg language L I S P will be taugbt and use d in several p roj ec ts . P r e re q u isi t e : 270, Math 2 4 5 . a/y 1994-< 5 I (4) 343

Modeling and SimuJation


367 Data Base Management An i n t ro d u c t i o n to the fu nd a me nt a l concepts necessary for the d e s jgn , use , and implementation of d a t a ba s e systems. The . hierarchical and network models J re exa m r n e d . and the enttty­ rela t ionshi p and relational models a re studied in d e t a i l . The cou rse includes a major s m a ll -g ro up pr ject. P re re q u i s i te : 270. I I (4) 375 Design and Arullysis of Algorithms Basic data structures rev i ewe d and applied to the a.mlysis o f p robl e m s associated w it h s e a rch in g , s o rt i ng, str i n g , a nd . m i n i mal paths. Stud ' of the comp l ex i t y and s t o r ag e reqUIre­ m e n t s of the algori t h m s . SI: f t p-down and s t ructur d programming. Prerequisite: 270, M ATH 2 4 5 . 1 (4)

Compuler Organization

C o m p u te r assemhly language applied t� v a r ious proble:ns. Top i s i n c lude data forms, instruction formats, a dd res s 1 l1 g � I. Jl k­ : i n g , macro d efi ni t i o n , and computer a r ch i t e c t ure . PrereqL11S Ite:

270. Strongly reco mmended: ENG R 46. (4) 385

Computer Architecture

and o p e ra t i ng of large co m­ p u ter systems. Top i cs i nc lude data representation, memory s t ruc tu re, lIO processing, multi-p rocessing systems such as p a ra l lel , p i p eline, and st ac k ma,:hine'. Exa m pl e s of the a rc h itec­ ture of 'e er al l a rge 'ystems ,u'e an n l yze d i n cl u d i n g TI AS " ray and Intel Hypercube. Prerequisite: 380, tvlATH 245. ( 2 ) An introd uction to the structure


Computer Networks

An i n tr od u c t io n to computer networks and computer commu­ nication. Topics include s ys t e m topology, message a n d pa cke t swit hing bus s t r uc t u re s and data-link t ra nsm i s s i o n . P re req u i ­ site: E 346. all' (2)


391 Prob lem

m m

n o c


o m


An appl ications stru tured programming co u rse solVIng varrous problems. S tat i st i cs , d a ta st ru c t u re s, ma th em a t ic al mo de l i n g , simulation, documentation, a.nd te a m p ro g r a m m r n g t e c h n I ques will be applied. Pr re< l u i s i t es: MATH 245, S 1 2 70 and ei t he r MATH 345 or MAT H 34 1 . a/y IT (4)

380 Assembly Language and



Programming Language Concept

A study and co m p ar is o n o f feat u res fo u n d in d i fferent c om p u te r l a n guage s . Im p e ra t i ve ( including ) , object-oriented, fu nctional, and declarative 1 ::ll1g ua ge s will be stud ie d . Programs WIll be written in severa] of the l a ng u a"cs . P re req ui s i t : 270. II (4) 34.8


Solving and Programming Semina.r'

This course is designed to impro e a d v a n ce d problem solving

and programming skills, including advanced d a t a struct ures. A "oal o f the co urSE' is p a rti c i p a t i o n in the r e gi o nal ACM pro gr a m ­ ing comp e t i t i o n . P IFail o n ly. S tudents may take th is course more than once. P r ereq u i s i t e: 2 70 or consent of instructoT. ! ( I )

4 1 2 Computer Graphics A study of the tec h ni q u es and t he o r y used to generate computer graphics. Both two-an d three-di mensional r e pr ese ntat io n s will be co vere d incl uding g e om e t r ic transformatIOns, wr n d o w l llg, hidden surfaces and r en de r i ng te hniques. C o u r se work i nclu de s s e ve r a l p rogr am min g assignments p l u s a p roj ec t . P rereq u i s it e s : 270 and MATH 230 or 33 1 . a/y 1 994-95 (4)

z Cl Vl



420 Engineering An e ng i ne ring approach to the development of large software

exchange, but terfly, n-cube, and Moebius. Prerequisites: 270, MATH 245.

f. Genetic Algorithms: A survey of the field of genetic algorithm,

his course i nclu des a major small-group

proj ect. Prere q u isite: 270, MATH 245. a/y

1 994-95

II (4)

the'cou rse explores their general structure, the i r ma thematical fo u ndations, their implementations and applications.

The use

f the computer to reco gnize patterns in data. To p ics


incl ude a r t i ficial intelligence. cluster analysis algorithms,


lear i llg algorithms, and pattern processing. The course incl udes major sma ll-group project . Prerequisites: 270, MATH 245.




aIr n

Prerequ isite: 270. g . Robotics: An i ntroduction to the design, opera t i o n , and applicat ion of robots, covering issues in robot cinemat ics and robot vision. Prerequisites: 270 and ENGR 346. h.



The de elopment of AI 'ystems which operate at the level of c.

Prerequ isite: 3 3 0


sllch (4)

pert yst m develo pment tool


con 'ent o f instruc tor. a/y n


OPS 5 .

associative memories u s i n g artificial n e u rons and t h e design of

processi ng systems, i n teracting systems, multi- programming systems, storage management techniques and resource control.

In addition, the cou rse includes an analysis of the deadlock file ystems.

he course includes a major

small-gro u p project. Pr requisit e:

380, M ATH 245. 1 (4)

449 Computer Science in the Secondary School Methods and materials in secondary school computer science tea h ing. LOGO, t o ward aly



etc., may be considered. Does not c o u n t

m a j o r i n comp uter science. Prerequisite: 1 44 .

1994- 95

n (2)

of programm ing language s. To pics including sca nni ng, parsing, object code, run-t ime machine structures and o p t i mizatio n .

380, MATH 245. a/y 1 994-95 ( 2 )

tudy of the theory of comp utation. Tu rn ing mach i nes, formal

langu ages, recu rsive theory,

compiexit)', N P-co mpleteness, and

the halting problem may b e consi dered. Prerequisites: 270,

245. a/y (4)

486 Senior Semino.r u nde r the supervision of a faculty member. Discussion o f the for good tech nical. co m m u n ication. S t u dy of the

social i l 11pli ations of comput ing. Prcrequi ites:

e n ior computer

science major or consent of d partment chair. n


490 Seminar i n Computer Science Selected topic from the list be low or topic of current in terest in the di c i p l i ne.


a. Fa Lll1 Tolerant

) omplll illg: An i n t roduct ioll to the methods of

fau l t detectioll and location in digi tal systems and to tech­ niques fo r the reliable design of comp u t i ng systems. Prerequisite: EN .R 346. b. Co mpute r Secu rity: The study of the prote tion of data and progra m

a c es '

to com puter system. To pics include data

encryp t i o n , code breaking techn iques, acc€'


controls and

i n ference controls. Prerequisite: 270, MATH 245. c. Parallel Programmillg: An intro d uction to the theory and

ed in the design of p a rallel programs including imp lemen tation on several machines. Prereq uisites: 270,

techniq ues


MATH 245. d. Object-Oriented Design and Progra m m ing: Th eory, methods, ,lDd appl ication of techniques fo r usi ng objects and object­ o r iented languages for solv i n g progra m m i n g problems. Prerequisite:

small, easily manageable u n i ts; and th en p u tting together th ese u nits to form a complex solu ti o n . Problems modeled after those appearing in the ACM progra mming competition. Focus on building a large vocabulary of data structures a nd on com­ b i n i ng data struct ures and algorithms to fo rm a complete program. Prerequisite: 270 or equivalent.

). Graph ical User Irl terJilce Development: Techni ques

fo r writing

programs using graphical user interfaces for Microsoft Windows. Includes object orie nted i n t erface packages and a study of inheri tance a n d polymorphism of objects. Students


Prerequ isi tes: 270 and an i n troduction t o objects.

49 1, 492 Independent Study Prerequisite: consent of department

chair. ( 1 -4 )

The student becomes involved in an o n go i ng research project in computer science u nder the supervision of a faculty member. Prerequisite: consent of i n s tructor. ( 1 -4)

503 Workshops in Educational Technology Workshops designed to expand teachers' knowledge about the

Written Jnd oral presentation of a top ic of i n terest by the student


classes of problems; learning how to dissect problems i mo

495 Computer Science Research

475 Theory of Computing

kil l s


commensurate with their abilit ies and backgro u n d .

An i n t roduction to the orga n ization, specification, and analysis


Algorithms + Data trllct u res Programs: Harrressing the Po we r of Computers to Solve Pro blems: Developing the necessary skills

use avaiJable visual compiler tools and complete a project

455 Compilers


neuron-based learning system . Prerequisite: 270. I.

to use computers fo r solving complex problems . Identifying

444 Operating Systems An i n t roduction to computer opera tion including batch

problem and basi

the theory and operation of

t h e brain, models of neural systems, i m plemen tation o f a

h u m n e:pe rt. St uden ts will t'xplorc the st Tucrure of expert sys­ tems and use an

Neural Networks: A course in

neural co m p u t i n g systems covering the neural structures i n

438 Expert Systems LU

of the

packages. 'Lopics include soft ware requirements defin ition,

436 Pattern Recognllion Vl

Parallel Processillg Topologies: A survey of several

standard supercomputer archi tectures including shuffle­

st ruct ured programming, oftware design, specifications, a n d software tes t i ng.



application of new computer and related technology in educa­ tional setti ngs Does not count toward degrees i n computer science. ( 1 -4)

520 Advanced Digital Design Continuation of topics from Engineering 346. The design of digital control s)'stems, asynchronous circu its; digital signal pro­ cessors; digital filters; t i m i n g considerations; use of com p u ter­ aided design tools. Prerequisite: E

GR 346, MATH l 52 . (4)

538 Expert Systems Req u i res students to generate an expert system, in addit ion to covering topics of 438. Prerequ isite: 330 or consent of instructor. aly (4)

544 Advanced Operating Systems Continuation of top ics in 444 leading to the development of an operating system. Emphasis on the i n teraction be tween the hard­ ware struct ure and the operating system; operating data struc­ tures; and operating system security. Prerequisite: 444. II ( 2 )

570 Mathematics o f Computer Science The techniques of proof commonly employed in computer science (constructive, induction, and recurrence relations), scht'd u l i ng problems, sets, relations, po sets, gramm ars. co mput­ abilit)" selected topics fro m algorithmic graph theory; proba­ b ilistic and approx i mation algorithms, groups and fin ite fields (applications to coding theory and cryptography), and Completeness. Prerequ isite: 3 7 5 . n (4)



I N T E R N S H I P S o

580 Microprocessor Development Systems e velo p m ent of software on 8 and 1 6 b i t microprocessors; mi roprocessor applications; interfaci ng; microprocesSQr o rgani­ z tion; i n terru p t s t ructures. Prerequisites: 380 , ENG R 346. ( 2 )

tions with its commun ity. Empl yers deri

586 Graduate Design Seminar ri tten a n d oral p resen tation of a topic of interest to the stude-llt under the uperyisioll of a faculty member. Discussion of methods and tech n iq u e s appropriate to the discipline and s t u d y of the social i m p l ic a t io n s of comp uting. Stud nrs may not recei e re d it for t h i s course i f they rec e ive credit fo r 593, Thesis. Prerequ isite: Full graduate s t a n d i ng and the completion of t least onc g r a d u J t e level course.

service to the co mm u n ity.


Processing Topologies. Genetic Algorithms, Robotics, eural Networks. Algorithms + Data Struc t u res = Programs, Graphical U,er I n t rface Development. A re e a rc h project is required. Pr re qu i s i te : raduate standi ng. ( 1 -4 ) 591 Independent Reading and Research Individual re a di ng and reseal' h on select top i c. I n tended fo r advanced gra d ua te students. Minimum super i s i on afte r i n i t i a l

p la n n i n g of student's p roj e c t . Prereqnisite: c o n se n t of depart­ me n t . ( 1 -6) 593 Thesis Reseal' h st udy to meet thesis option r eq u i r m e n l for M. . o r M .S. degree. ( 1 -6)

Cooperative Education Internships Cooperative education as s u m e s t i nal


that cperiential learning

a pp ro p r iate compo nen t of any q u a l i t y eel u a-

program. Though

i t shares this assumption with

other experiential lea rnin strat gies such a s fieldwork

eral resp cts. to an duca ­ tional work experi nce ea rly in their academic caree rs and weaves oppo rtunities fo r work and learning t hro u gho u t

placements and practica, it di ffe rs in se

Cooperative ed ucation intro d u es studen

their un dergraduate pro g rams . rather t h a n concentrating on practical course

work at the end. As the name suggests,

cooperative education represents a systematic co perat ion between the Ll n i ver ity and a variety


of employers in th

A lthough the program's ca reer- related advan tages are bviolls, its main benefits are educational. Students ga i n

an appreciation of the relati nship between theory ami ap p lication , and may learn, both early and fir t-hand,

about new developments in a particular field. Cooperative

education provides t imel y and e A'te nde d

opportunities for

developing communication skills orally and in writ i ng. A cooperative education p rogram can enable st ude n ts to become aware of opportunities t

cont ribute creatively to

p resen t - d y society. and employers benefit as well. The u n iversity develops stronger and m o re creative connec-

the chan gi ng djmen sio n of wor k in The u n iversity


tan tly, the partnership pro



unique o p p o r tu n ity for

empl oyers to part ici pa te in an im port nt educational

FACULTY: Martinson. Director; P he lp s . Progra lll Manager TWO MODE.L S: Th

oop e ra t ive Education

Pro g ra m accom­

modates both p a r t- t i me and ful l - time work modes. Pa r t-time work whi h allows t ude n ts the (lpportu n i t y to tak on -campus co u rs es co ncurren tly is l a b e led the "Par al l el Model." A fu l l - t im e work experience fits under the "Alter na t ing Model." fn most cases , students wi l l fo llow on e or

Graduate Seminar

Selected topic of current i n t r �l. Pos ible top ics i n c l u de Mo de l ing and Si mulation , Comp uter rc h i tec tu re , o m p u ter Networks, Com p uter raphics, Software Engineering. Pattern Recognition. C mpiler fmple men ta tio ll , Theo r y of omputing, F au l t To lerant Computing, Comp uter Se cu r i t y, Parallel Pro­ gTam ming, Object-Oriented D e s i gn and Programming, Parallel

can be


efficient device fo r t rain i ng a nd recruit lng. More impor­

the other, but some d ep ar t ­ deve l op seque nces th a t com inc both parallel and a l te rna l i n g w rk modes. Full- ti me �>ummer \ ork, for exam ple, wo uld be Gssified a s an alternating coopera tive educatilm e x p erien ce , and many summer j b provide for 1 arning t h a t relates to . tudents' aca­ ments or schools may




TH E PROCESS FOR STUDENTS� In order to be eligible for a d mi ssion i n to the

oopcrative Ed uc at ion Program a s t u de n t

mLlst have co m p l ete d 30 se mes t e r ho urs and be in good standing. Students who wish to part icipate apply to ei lhe r lhe o-op Office in Ramstad Hall or to a o-op fa c u l t y coordinat{ r OT spClnsor -e r v i n g lhis function in sp ec ified depa rt ments. divi­ sions, or sch oo ls. Both written application and pe rs o n a l in ter­ view are req u i re d i n order to determine eligibility, terms for p l a ce m e n t, areas of intere t, academ i c requirements. and kinds of po si t i o n s available. Stud e n t s are resp onsi ble fo r their learning activit ies during thei r co op erat i ve ed u c ati on position. Each s t u de n t must seek out and a rra nge for . :ldemic supervision from a facult)' coor­ d i n a t o r or sponsor. Fa c u l t y ar re pOllsihle for in s u ri n g that the work ex pe r i nee p ro vi des appropriate l earn i ng opportun i ties for helping to establ i sh the l e a r ni ng agre 'J11mt. and for dete r m i n i n g a grade.

Le a rn i n g is fac i litated lhrough : ( I ) use of a " Learn ing Agreemen t"; ( 2) completing all academ ic project; ( 3 ) periodic contact \ ith the fac u l ty s ponsor ; (4) atte nda n ce <It one work­ shop dur i n g th work eA1' rien ; and ( 5 ) an o n-sit up rv i,or wh o a cep ls the res ponsibility to fu nc t i on in 3 resource rol e. The learn ing agreemen t , de eloped by each t uden t with the ass i sta nce of a faculty p nsor, Ii ts I arning objectives w i t h measura ble lndicators of learning, a n d also incorpo rates su pp leme nt ary re o urces such as read ing ma ter ials a n d pa r t ici ­ pation in wo rk-related trai ning sessions. The le a r n i n g agreement is sig n ed by the student, the faculty p on � or, the progT<1nl d i rector, a n d the wl1rk sup rvisor. each of who m receiv

s a


between the fac u l ty spo nso r and the student lTl ust be suffi ienl to allow the p o nsor to erve a a r 'ource and provide academio.: supervision. Typ i lIy, lhis C3Jl be a co m p l ished d u ring one or lWo s i te Visits. tudents in a "paralld" ooperat ive educa­ t i o n program m ay a r range to OJ et wit h tit po n so r on campus. Those i nvolved in "alternutlng" programs some d istance fro m ca mpus may m ainta i n conta t t h ro ug h p�riodic p h o n e c nfer­ Contact

enct's, when s i te visits are impract ical. Employers are re sp o n s i b le


( 1 ) provide pport unitles

fo r

s t ud e nts to ach ieve lheir learn in g obj ective within tb li mi t of th eir work s ettings; ( 2 ) help stu_denls develop skills re l a te d to t h e c o n te.'l.tual a peet. of the work world ( such a, re l at ions h ips with co-work rs ) ; and ( 3 ) facil i tate �tudents' integr t ion in to t h e ir work serting so that t hei r em pl oyment p roves valua b l e a n d p rod u ct i ve.

m m

o c


o " " m




Students are required to register for al least onc credit hOUf a o-op p osi t io n Throughout a n undergraduate academ i c career a student rna}' reeei e , maximum o f 1 6 semes足 ter h o u rs o f credit i n cooperative education. a fter acceptin g

or: w



A su p ervis ed edu ational ex perience in a work set t i ng. Requ ires lhe completion of a Cooperati ve Education Learning Agreement i n consultarion


wi t h

a fac u l ty sponsor. ( 1 -8 )

A s uper vised educational experienc in a work etting providing for advanced level of responsibiLity. Requi res the completion of a Cooperative Education Learning Agreement in consultation with a faculty s pons o r. ( 1 -8 )

w UJ

477 International Work Experience a fo reign e ttin g. I eq uire s completion of the International ooperativc Education Agreemen t , completion o f a clearance checklist, and a n approved plan of reporting in consultation with a fa culty sponsor. ( 1 - 1 2 )

A sup rvised educational ex per ie nce in



cycle. Early declaration of majors or minors in earth sciences wilJ facilitate development o f i ndividual programs and avoid scheduling conHicts.


476 Work Experience 0


scheduling of courses. The department strongly recommends

also notice that upper division courses are o ffered on a two-year

376 Work Experience I

Vl or: ::J

The department's programs remain Hexible, allowing fairly easy that all students complete Math 1 40 o r higher before enrolling in 300 level and higher courses i n earth sciences. tudents should

Course Offe rings


FACUITY: Foley, Chair; Benham, Lowes, Whitman; assisted by Huestis.

hours; course. include: 1 3 1 , 1 32 , 323, 3 2 4 , 3 2 5 , 326, 327, 329, 335, and 425, plus two from 328, 330, 334, 3 4 1 or 3 50; a t least 2 hours in 490 o r h i gher. ecessary supporting courses include: Chemistry l I S , 1 16; Physics 125, 1 26 ( 1 3 5 and 1 36 labs) (or Physics 1 53, 1 54 and labs); Mathema tics 1 5 1 . 1 52 or COl11put('f Science 2 2 0 . Biology 323 and additional cou rse are recom足 mended when paleontology i s a major i n terest.

BACHELOR 01' ARTS MAJOR: 32 semester hours; courses include: 1 3 ] p lu , t least two lower division from 1 32 , 1 3 3, 202, 222; two courses fro m 324, 325, 3 26, 327, 329, and two courses

576 Work Experience I I I

from 3 2 3 , 3 2 8 , 334, 335, 34 1 , 350; 2 credits from 490 or higher.

A s up erv ised educational experience at the grad uate level. Req uires c o m pl eti o n o r a ,oopera tive Education Agreement in consultation wi th a faculty sponsor and the student's grad uate

Reco m mended: one course fro m either 330 or 42 . Re qu i red

program adviser. 0 - 4 )

suppor ting courses include: Chemistry 104, 105, or 1 1 5, 1 1 6. O p t io ns reflect a student's i n terests and are discussed with an adviser.


School ofEduca tion.

MINOR: 20 se m e s ter hours of courses in earth sciences,

Earth Sciences

excl uding January term courses, completed with grade of C or

Earth Sciences explore the c o mpone nts of the physical un iverse from humanity's e" isti ng habitat t

the fo unda足

higher. Rt:quired: 1 3 1 and at least three u p p er division courses.

tions of the earth, and beyond to the planets and the stars. A prog ra m of studies in these fields acquaint. students

Course Offerings

with their physical world and provides perspect ive on

An introductory course dealing with the h u man geologic habitat,

1 3 1 Physical Geology

hu ma n deve.lopment in t i me and spac . Environmental

are app r oached through the earth sciences,

both at present and as it has devel o pe d through time; materials

problems als

of earth (and lunar) crusts , their derivation through major earth

which imparl


realistic appreciation o f soc i et y 's depen足

dence o n eart h's physical resources. In providing ' uch a perspective, the depart men t fu l fills

the needs of a variety of students seeki ng to broaden their liberal arts

education, a nd also p ro vides more specialized

knowledge in supp rt of several fields, particularly for minor or major tud ies lead ing to careers i n resources and

environ men tal management o r scien tific re earch.

ituated be tween the Olympic Mountains and the Cascade Range, the depa rt me nt

is idea ll y located to

examin e geologic and marine enviro n ments. Field trips are thus


routlne part of many co urses .

Graduates in earth sciences hold po itions in the Natio nal Park Service, the U.S . Geological Su rvey, oil a n d m i ni ng gro u ps, and geot chll ical e ng inee ri ng , as well as d ucati on . The demand for qualified graduat s i n pollu-



management and g

otechn icaI applications continues.

Most fields requ i Te post-graduate degrees, and to this

end, a number of PLU graduates have p u rsued master's and d octoral programs at maj or universities.

processes and fo rmation of ,urface features

- with

emphasis on

their significance to cultural development and c i ilization; laboratory study of rocks, minerals, and geologic mapping; field trips are arranged. I II ( 4 ) 1 32 Historical Geology A squel to 1 3 1 which concentrates on earth history, particul arly the for mation o f the

orth American continent: sed.imentary

rocks, fossils, and st rat i gra p hic record are related to tectonic upheaval and growth; field trips are arranged. 11 ( 4 )

1 33 Environmental Geology Study of the geologic environment and its relationship to humans, with emphasis on geologic features and processes that create hazards when encroached upon by h u man activity, including earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, landslides and avalanches, and solutions to problems created by these hazards.

II 1 994-95 ( 4 ) 202 General Oceanography Oceanography and its relationship to other fields; phys i ca l , chemical, biological, climatic, and geological aspects of the sea; field trips. 1 , n ( 4 ) 222 Conservati.on .of Natural Res.ources Principles ilnd problems of p ublic and pr iva te stewardsh i p of our resou rces with special reference to the Pacific Northwest. I I I (4) 323 Mineralogy Crystallography and mineralogy, both ore and rock-forming minerals. Prerequisites: 1 3 1 or consent of instructor. ( 4)

E C O N O M I C S o m

324 Igneous Petrology Applied and theoretical'study of the genesis , nature, and distribution of i g neous rocks, at microscopic to global scales. Emphasis on rocks amI p ro cesses onVashington volcanoes and intrusions, with many examples from elsewhere. Prerequisites: 1 3 1 , 326, or consent of instructor. aly II ( 2 ) 325 St.ructural Geology The form and spatial relationships of various rock masses and an introduction to rock deformation; consideration of basic prace ses to understand moulltain building and continental form a tion; laboratory emp h a sizes practical techniques which enable students to analyze reg i o n al structural patterns. Prerequisite : 1 3 1 or c ons e n t of instructor. aly 1 1 994-95 ( 3 ) 326 Optical Mineralogy Th ry ami practice of min ral s tud ies using the petrographic microscope, including im mers i o n oil techniques, production of lhin sections, and determination o f m i ne r al by means of their o p ti c al p r operties. This provide an i ntrodu c tion to the broader subject of petrography. Prerequisite: 1 3 1 or consent of instructor. aly I (2) 327 Stratigrapby and Sedimentation Formational pri n c i ples of surface-accumulated rocks, and their i ncorporation i n the stratigraphic record. This subject is basic to field mapping and structural interpretation. aly I ( 3 ) 328 Paleontology A /iyst matic tudy of the fossil record, combining principles of evolutionary development, paleohabitats and preservation, with pra tical experi e nce of sp e c i men i d ntification. These studies are fundamental to the understanding of stra t igraphy and the geologi time scale. aly J ! 994-95 (3) 329 Metamorphic Petrology nsideration of the mineralogical and textural changes that rocks undergo during orogenic episodes, i ncluding physical­ chemical p a r a mete rs of the environment as deduced fro m experimental studies. These include both " regional " and "con­ ta tn me t amorp h ism , metamorphic facies, rock fabrics, the role of fluids, and metasomatism. Prerequisites: 1 3 1 , 3 26, or consent of instructor. aly II ( 2 )

341 Energy and Mineral Resources for the Future

A survey of the world's energy and m ineral resources comprising the raw materials of industrialized societies. Studies include geological occurrence, global distribution, and quantities of such reserves; also, their fundamental technologies and economics, as well as the political framework in which they are de veloped. a/y I ( 3) 350 Marine Geology

Study of the 70% of the earth beneath the oceans, focusing on the extensive dis cover i es of the past few decades. Emphasis on marine sediments, sedimentary processes, plate te.ct nic processes, and the h istorical geology of the oceans. Laboratory lise of sedimentological and geophysical techniques to investigate selected regions of the oceans. Prerequisite: 1 3 1 , 202, or consent of i nstruc to r. a/y II (3) 425 Geologic Field Mapping Combining a survey of regional field geology with a series of local mapping projects, this co ll rs e introduces field techniques of geologic map-making. Included are traversing and data assembly, map construction, section me a s u reme nts , structural 3mlysis, and chronological synthesis. Graphics techniques are also covered. Prerequisites: previous geology courses and consent of instructor. S ( 5 ) 490 Seminar ( 1 -2) 491, 492 Independent Study (I -4) 493 Seminar i n Tectonics Reviews of books and journal articles dealing with various aspects of large-scale movem nts of the earth's crust. I I ( 1 -2) 494 Seminar in GeocbemIstry Reviews of l itera ture on the chemical aspects of sed i ments, magmatism, metamorp h i s m, lithification, andlor hydrothermal systems. I ( 1 -2) 496 Seminar in Economic Mineral Deposits Selected readings on the nature, origin, 0 cu rrence of, and exploration for concentrations o f metallic and industrial minerals in crustal rocks. lass discllssions will be held twice weekly. I ( 1 - 2 )

330 Survey and Principles Introduction to techn i q ue s and instrumentation o f basic s urvey­ ing and carto g rap hy. Incl ud es leveling and transit t raverses, baseline meas ure ments, and triangulation; also, appli c ations of aerial photos and their interpretation for geologic m apping. Techniques for compiling geologic data and construction of geologic maps are a mong the essential skills covered. a/y I I (2)

497 Research ( I -4)

334 Grouodwater The origin of g roundw ater, flow in aquife rs, groundwater resource eva luation and development, wells, water quality, i n cl ud i ng poll ution, and geothermal resources. Emphasis on problems with groundwater in the Puget Sound area, with additional examples from diverse geologic environments. Prerequis i te: 1 3 1 o r consent of inst r uctor. aly II 1 994-95. (3)

large eno ugh to cover." - RALPH WALDO EMERSON

335 Geopbysics ' tudy of the physical nature of the earth, the propert i es and the processes , employing techniques from seismol )gy, heat flow, gravity, magnetism, and electrical conductivity. Emphasis on understanding the earth's formation, structure, and plate tectonics processes as well as geophysical exploration techniques. Laboratories include data collection in the field , p rocessing inte rpretation , and modeling with emphasis on app lications of co mputers to geophysical problems. Prerequisites: 1 3 1 , one semester of calculus, physics ( high school level or above), or consent of instructor. aly II 1 994-95. ( 3 )

Economics " Want is a growing giant whom the coat of Have was /lever

Economics is the study of how people establish social a r ra ngements fo r producing and d ist ribu t ing goo d s


services to sustail1 and enhance h uman l i fe. I t s main

objective is to determine a wise use of l i m i te d conomic reso u rces so that people receive the maximum possib l e

benefit at the lowest cost. The economics discipli ne mbraces a body

of tech­

n iques and co n cept ual to o l s that are useful for under­

analyzing our com pl ex economic system, Career avenues fo r graduates are numerous, since their

standing and

understanding o f the economy and their p roblem -solving

and th inking abi l it i es are applicable to a wide range of activities in busi ness and/or government. FACULTY: Nugent, Chair; B rue, R. Jensen, M. M i l l er, N. Peterson, Reiman, Vinje, Wentworth.

m m

n o c ;;0 Vl m

o m ;;0 z CI Vl


1.9 Z

o u.J V1 tl<!

:::J o U

u.J u.J


BACHELOR OF ARTS MAJOR: (A) M i ni m um of 38 s em es t er h o u rs, incl u d i n g 1 5 1 , 1 52, 3 5 1 , 3 52, 486, 1 2 h o u rs of e lec ti ves in ,-,ce no m ies, 4 h o u rs sel cled fro m S tat istic s 2 3 1 or M a the ma t i c s 34 1 , a n d 4 ho u rs se lect ed from E co n o m i c s 244" 343 ( if not used as e..:onomics elect ives), B us in ess 2 8 1 , M a t h e m a t ic s 348, or up to 4 hOUT in co m p u te r scienc . (B) A gr ad e point a erage of 2.50 in all cla ss es included in the 38 semes ter hours t ow,ud the major. With d ep a r t m en t a l app roval, E o n m i cs 1 30 rna be ubs t i tu led for Ec on o m i cs 1 52 for p u rposes of maj r and m i n or requirements.

For s tu d e n t s planning gr ad ua t work in e c o n o m i cs or

b usin ess, a ddit i o na l math p r pa rtit io n will be necessary. For specific cou rses, consult yo ur major adviser.

HONORS MAJOR: Outstanding studen ts mny ch oo�e to p ursue gra du at ing in e c o n o m ics w ith honors. in a d d i t i o n to meeting all other m aj or r quireme nts, i n order to be granted departmental honors a student must: ( A ) have an overal l u niversity grade point average o f 3.5 or b tter. ( 8 ) take fo u r hours beyond the s ta nd a rd major in 495, H nors The�is ( tudcnts apply fo r adm i ssi o n to this co urse in the seco nd semester of their j lI1ior ye a r. TIle de pa r tmen t grants adm ission to 495, Honors Thesis, based on the st u de n t's prior work I n eco n o m i cs and til q ua lity of the ge nera l resear h prop osa l . ) ; (C) p rese n t the result� of the work completed ill 495, H n o rs Thesis, at a mee t i ng of O m lCro n Delta Ep s i l o n ( the econo mics ho no ra ry) . MINOR: 22 se me ste r hours , i n cl u d in g 1 5 1 , 1 5 2 , 3 5 1 01' 3 52, a n d 1 2 add it io n a l hours of electives, 4 of which may b� in statistics. ECONOMICS HONORARY: The d ep ar tm e n t offers member­ ship in Omicro n De lta psUon, the I n ternati on al Economics Honorary, to qualified majors. For specific criteria, see any departm ental faculty memb e.r.


School of

Course Offerings 130 Global and Environmental Economic Principles What is the " correct " amount of polluti on? What i. the value of

an an c i e n t cedar tree? What docs pop m u s ic have in co rn m n with ' uto p roduc ti o n? Micr -economic princi p les are used .. . •

to an alyze these a n d other

nv ironment. l and g l obaI issue.s.

Analysis of p u b l ic p o licy a nd private behavior; a p p ro p r iate pricing, r sour e v a lu a t i o n , taxes ,I nd subsidies, trade pol icies, su s ta inabl e develop ment, and income growlh an d distribu t i o n . Students annot take b o t h 1 3 0 and 1 5 2 for c red it. (4)

1 5 1 Principles of Macroeconomjcs This c ourse i n tro d u ces st uden t: to the economy as

whole and

j i s ues such as inflation, unemployment, eco n om ic growth, o n d i n t e rn at i o na l trade. These and o t h e r issues are a na l yz ed by stu dy ing the household, busi ness., go ver n men t , and i n ternational 'e lors. M a n y alternat ive planation.:, for the economy's pe rfo r m a n ce will be exa m i ned . ( 3 ) ma o r

1 52 Principles o f Microeconomics

The COllL e i n tr o d u c es st uden ts to th

tudy of e con o m ic

decis io n making by firms and individuals. Ec onom ic to Is and co ncept s such as m a rk e ts , s up ply and d mand, and efficienc y are

\ age and price determinatio n, inco me d istribu tion, environmental protection, and global p ro d u cti o n . ( 3 )

applied to cont m p o ra ry issue ' in l u d i n g

244 Econometrics I n t ro d u ctio n to the methods and tools of econometrics as t he bas is fo r a p p l i e d res arch in eco n o m i cs. Specification, estimation an d testing in the classical linear regression m o de l . Ex:tensions of the model and applications t the a n aly s i s of e c o no m i c data. Prerequisite: STAT 23 1 or e q u i v a l nt. (4)

321 Labor Economics Analysi of la b r markets and labor mar k e t issues; wag deter­ m i n a ti on ; i nvestment in h u m a n capital, unionism and co llective b a rgai ni ng; law and p ub l i c p o l i cy; liscrilllinalion; l a b o r mobili ty; earnings i nequality, u nempl lyment, and wages a n d in flation. Pr requi s ites: 1 3 0 or 1 5 2, or c n sen t of i n s t r u c to r. (4) 331 l ntemational .Economics

Regio nal and internat io na l pecialization, com p a rative costs, i n ternational payments and exchange rates; national p o l icies which promote or reo t r i ct trade. P rerequ isi tes : 1 3 0 o r 1 52, or

c o n sen t of i ns tr u ctor. ( 4 )

34) Economic Development: Comparative Third World Strategies nalysi of the t heo re t ic al framework fo r d evelo p m e n t with appl i c3 t i or ' to a l t e rn a L i v ecoll()mic d"velopment strategies used in the newly e mergi n g dev loping co untries. E i11phasi � on comparison betw en countries, a sessments of the re l a t i ve i mpor t a n ce of c ultural valu s , h i s t o r i c al exper ie nce, and govern­ mental p oli cies i n the devel o pm e nt process. Prerequisites: 1 5 1 o r consent of instr u ctor. (4) 343 Operations Research Quantitative methods fo r decision probl ms. Emphasis on l i near progra mming and other d te r rn i n is tic models. Pn: rcquisit c:

STA ' 23 1


equ ivalent. ( 2 )

345 Mathematical Topics i n Economics An i n t roduction to basi applications of mathem� t ica l t Is u ed in economic n nalysis. Topics i n clude ' i mp le l i near models of supply and demand, single and rmdtivariable maxim ization m dels, a nd linear cliff renc and di ifen.'lJtial e q uat i on model of eco n o m ic growth. Prerequisites: 1 30 or 1 5 1 or 1 52 , or consent of i nstructor. (4) 3 5 1 Intermediate Macro Economic Analysis ational income determ ination i n cl u d i n g po l icy i mplications w i th i n the inSli t u tjonal framework of the U . S . ec n o m y. P rerequ isi tes: 1 3 0 � )f 1 5 2 , and MA'T'H 1 28 or 140 o r 1 L (4) 352 Intermediate Mic1'o Economic Analysis

Theory of consumer beha v io r ; product md fa ctor pric 5 u nder co n d i t i o n s of m o nop o l y, competi t ion, and i ntermediate markets;

wel fare economics. Prerequi ites: 1 30 or in s t ructo r and

I{ATH. 1 2 8 , 1 40,


1 5 2, o r co nse nt of

l r l . (4)

361 Money and Banking The nature and rol e of money; monet:lry theory; tools and

implemen t a t ion of rnonetary p ol i cy ; regulation of i ntermed i a r­

ies; ba nking activit)' ill financial m a rke ts ; internalional conse­

quences of mel constraints on m o n e ta ry p o licy. Prere qu isi te' : 1 5 1 , 1 52, or consent of instructo r. ( 4 )

362 Pnblic Finance Public ta xa t io n and expen diture a t all governmental levels; the in cidence o f taxes, t.he p ub l i c d e b t and the pr vision f pu b l ic goods such as n a t i o na l defen 'e, edu cat ion, pLlre air, and waler. Prerequisites: I l , 1 5 2, or cons nt of instnlctor. (4) 37 1 Industrial Organization and Pllblic Policy An analysis of the st m ctu re, (o n d u c t, and perf; rmancc o f AmericJn i n d u s try a n d Pllblic p o l ic ies that fos te r anJ alt r industrial s tructure and behavior. Topics i nc l u de the eco nomics of firm size, m o t i va t i o n s of the fI rm, co ncentration , m rgers, patents, an titrust, p u bl i c utility regulation, public enterprise, and subsidizat ion. Prereq uis ites: 1 5 1 , 1 5 2 , o r c o n se n t of

instructor. (4)

E D U C A T I O N o

381 Compuative Economic Systems An a n al ysi.s a n d comp a r ison of con temporary eco n o m i c system s . Tile course i ncludes exam i na r i o n o f t h e c a p i t a l ist, m ixed a nd central ly planned modeb, i nclu d i n g an histor ical perspect ive . The ec nomic ystems of selected co u n tries w i ll :tl�o be s t u d i ed . Prereq u isites: 1 5 1 , 1 5 2 , or c o nsent of in t r u e t o r. (4) 3 99 Interniliip

A resea rch an d writ i ng

project i l l

c o n nect i o n wiLh a s tu de n t 's

a p proved off-ca mpus acti vity. The p r imary gO:ll is to ga in i n sight i n to appli ca t i o n s of th� ideas a n d methodo l o g j �s of eco n o m ics.

P rerequ isites: sophomore s t a nd i ng plus one c o u rse i n econ om i cs ,

f t h e depa rlment .

an.d consent

(1 -4) to



clwol o f

Education offers

p rogram s of study leading

modern t i mes; e mphas is on

the p riod fro m Adam Smith to J.N! . Keynes; t h e classica l econo m i sts, the �oc ia l ists, the marg i nal ists, t he neoclass i ca l economists, and t h e Keynesian s. Pre requisite: 35 l o r 3 5 2 ( may be take n onclJrrently). (4)

adm i n istrat() [s, and personne l in special education. The curriculum is de igncd to provide graduates wi th a blend ing of the l i beral arts and a variety of p r act i cal exposu res to guided field experiences begi n n ing early i n the e d u ation.aL sequen ce. The faculty is co m m itt ed t o the development of educational person nel sensit ive to th� n urses,

em i nar tn economic problems a n d

p o l i c i es with emphasis on

encll U ragi ng the student to i n teg r a te problem-so l v i ng method­

ology with tools of eco nom ic analysis. To p ic ( s ) selected by class pa rticipan ts :ll1d i nst r uct o r. Prereq u i s i te: co m e n t of i nst ructo r.

( 1 -4)

FACULTY: I3 r i ckel l , Act ing Deal1; Reisberg, Acting i\:;sociale

T h e School of E du ca tio n is accred i ted by the

Association of Schools and Col leges, a n d the Was h i ngton S t a te

B oa rd uf Edu cat iu n for

the pr�paration

of e lemt:I1tary a n d

se c o nda r y teac hers, p r inc i p a l s , program ad m i n istra tors, speCIal

education teacher�, and guida nce co u n e l o rs , w i th the Master of

rts in Education the h ighest deg ree approved. The acc reditation

Progr,lIllS fo r the p rcparati()n of school ad mi n i s t rators a n d

toward the convers i o n , renewal , o r reinstatement o f teac h i ng

fac u l ty

mem bers. Research p ro posa l and t o p ic develo ped by t h e st u de nt in t he j u.nio r year. A p p l icat io n to enroll is made in the second

junio r year. I'rer"q u is i t e : economics maj o r and con sent of the depa rtment. ( 4)

se mester of tbe

500 Applied Statistical Analysis

An i n tensive introduction

to s t a t is t i cal

methods for g rad u ate

students who have n o t p r·eviously taken i n t roductory stat i stics. Emph sis


the appl icatio n

si tua t i o n . Top i

of i n fere n t ial stat i s t ic,; to CorH...Tetc

include measu res of IOl:;1tjon and vari a t i o n ,

proba bi l it y, esti m a t i JU, I yp o thesis tests, m : d regress io n .


Gradu ate workshop� in spec ial fields or a re a :; fo r varying period o f time. ( t -4 J

504 Economic Analysis and Policy Decisions Basic ecor\o mic c o n cep ts applied t

· c h o o l librariallS a re ava i lable. The S c h ()o l o ffers course\ o r k

po l icy fo r m a t i o n Jnd

operur i ng dec isio ns i n a gl o bal framework. ( 4 )

543 Quantitative Methods

con epts of prob ab ility, sampling, statistical de ci si o n theo ry, li nea r programming, and ther determi n istic mode l s applied tu ma nager ial problems, Prerequ i ite: ';TAT 2 3 J or 341 . ( 4 )


5 90 Graduate Seminar

rega rd i ng t hese programs is available from the d i rector o f graduate p ro g r a m s i n the S c h o ol o f E d u c a t i o n

( 5 .3 5- 72 7 2 ) .


d u c a t i o n 302 or ft)r

Educati onal Psychology 26 1 /Edncl1tion 262 mus t a p ply to the School of Educa t i o n , in o rder


recei ve


t a l l y card fo r regis t ra ­

t i O D . O ffic ial t r a n s c r i p t s of all col l ege/un iversity wo rk, writing

scores I11 US't be s u b m itt ed t o t h e S ch o ol of Ed u ca ti o n by the fi rst Friday in Oc tober o r March before being adm itted t o the School of Educa t i o n and allowed to en wll in e d U C at io n courses the fo ll ow i ng term. Requirements i llciluie; 1 . Evidence of ve rb a l a n d quantitat ive a b i l i t y as iU ustrated by one of t h e follow i n g t e s t SCl.lfes : · d . S chola st ic p t i tu d e Test (SAT) Verbal 425 o r a bove; Total 9 [ 0 o r above" b. Wash ington P re-CoLlege les t ( WPCT) or ( TETEI') Verbal 48 o r above; Total 103 or aboveh c . Amer.ica n College

Test Assessment ( ACT)

Verbal 20 o r above;

o m p osite 2 3 or above'

This reLlll iremen l may be wai ved for persons who have completed a bac a la u reate degree; or who have completed two o r more year> of col/ege le.vel courselVork, have demonst ra ted competency through co llege level courscwork, alld are over the age of

591 Directed Study ( \ - 4 )

595 Gradu.ate Readings Independent study card required. (4)

599 Thesis


Literacy Ed1. 1cat i o n , and S p ec i a l Educatio n . f nfom1 a t i o n

Sekcted top ics as a nn o unced . Prerequ isite: consen t of instr uctor. ( 1 -4 )

598 Research Project ( 4 )


Nu rsing sec t i o n o f t hi s catalog. T b e School of E d u c a t ion offers gradu.l te degrees i n Classroom Te a ch i n g , Educa tion a l drn i n is t ra tion, Educati o n al Psychoiogy,

sa m ples , and o ffi c i al doc u mentation o f co l lege adm i ssion test

5 0 1 Graduate Workshops

-n -n

at to na l Council

cert iGcates. ror p reparation of s(ho o l n uriies, set:



G . ,lelson, P. O lson , Owens, R ickaba u g h , \ 'e n two r t h , C. Will iam s, Ye tter.

495 Honors Thesis one \)f


Leitz, L ewis, Minetti, Mosher, M u ld e r,

Pr requ. isite: co nse nt of the department and co m p le t i o n of ei t h er 3 5 1 or jS2 . ( 1 -4) Indepe nden t researc h s uperv i .ed by


Dea/!; Baughman, Chu rney, Ford, G e rl a c h , Glasgow, La mo reaux,

gives I'LU gradua tes reciprocity w i th man y oth er st ates.

49 ) , 492. 493 1odependeol Study



fu r Accred i ta t i o n o f Teacher E d uc a t i o n ( N ATE ) , tilt: Nort hwest



certi fication for e leme n t a r y a n d se c o n da r y teachers,

varied i n dividual needs oC learners.

4 86 Evolution of Economic Thought con o mic t h o u ght from a ncie n t

School of Education

twell U


ty-fi ve.

Test score. req w rements { I re subject to clwlIge.

2. Sophomore st a n d i ng

3. 4. 5.

a rc set


by the State of Wash illgto II a nd

or more

umulative gr:1de point average

sem es te r hours)

( PAl

Psychology l O l : grade of : or h igher E nglish

1 0 [ : grade o f C o r higher

of 2 . 50



o w Vl =:J o u

w w

Application forrm and procedu res fo r admission to profes­ sional tudie.s in e du cat i on are available from the School of Education. Students who do not m e e t a l i th e re q u i reme n t s may exercisc the appeal process fo r a dmi ss i o n to Education 302 o r Educatil)I1al Psychology 261 IE d ucat i o n 262. Admission a p p ea l proce forms are available from an adviser in the School of

semester ( 1 5 qu ar t e r) hours within the seven years preceding application for the initial certificate. The recency requirement does not apply to individuals who are seeking the continuing cer t i fi c a t e ( WAC 1 80-79-06 5 ) ( 3 ) 3. An individual m u s t complete t h e renewal ap pl ic a ti o n fo rm and send i t to the School o f Education, with the $ 1 5 renewal

Educa t ion.

fee (check made payable to Pacific Lutherall University). 4. An individual must haY(' a copy of his or her I n itial Certificate

All st ud e n t s

a d m itted to Education 302 or Educational Psychology 26 l /Edu a t i o n 262 ar admitted provisionally to a program of professional stll d i e s, ubject to co nditi o ns and procedures id enti fi ed in the Elementary/Secondary Initial Level Certification Handbooks, available in t.he School of Education. Con t inuation in the program of professional studies is s u bj ect to ontinllOus asse ment of student development and performance.


become cand idates fo r certification when they have successfully completed the fo l l o w i ng:

1 . All course work with a cu mulative grade point average of 2 . 5 0 o r above.

2 . Professional Education Sequence fo r elementary or secondary tea h i ng . 3. An app roved teaching major(s) or concentration(s) (see requirements as l isted under Academic Preparation).

4. All courses i n educn tion and i n major and minor fields with !!Tades f or higher ( fo r secondary education, B-or higher required in education c o urs e s ) . 5. Ac h i eveme nt of pro ficiency in w r i t i n g a n d m a t h s k i ll s . 6. A n t h rop ol o gy 2 1 0 / H is t ory 2 1 0 or Anthropolog)' 1 02 fo r se c o n d a ry teachin g and A n t h ro po l o g y 1 02 for elementary teaching. 7. ·o u r e w o r k or cour es on t h e issues of abuse, as app roved b), the S c h o o l of Education (SPE 480). 8. A student teach i ng experience. Students must complete all necessary procedures b, the last Friday i n October for fal l st udent teaching or the last Friday in November for spring student teaching. 9. A valid first aid card. -


Initial Teaching Certificate: S t ud e n t s who successfully complete a progra m of p ro fessi on a l studies in the School o f Education, a nd who meet all related academic requ irements for a degree or a certificate, will be recommended by the School o f duration fo r a Washington initial teach i ng certificate . Additional state re­ quirements for the certificate include a Washington S tate Patrol ch '(k, an FBl fingerprint check, and a passing score on state entry-to-practice tests. Information regarding all state require­ ments and procedures for certification is available i n the School o f Education. State requiremetlts are subject to immediate charrge. Students should stay in close contact with their School of Education advisers for updates ill p rogram or applica t ioll requirements. Initial Teaching Certificate Renewal: Under state regu l a t io n s in effect at the p u b l i ca ti o n o f this catalog, the I n i t i a l Cert ificate is v al id for fo u r years, a n d may be ren ewed for an additional three years by m.:eting th fol l owi n g requirements:

1 . In o rd e r to be e l i gi b l e to renew or h av e an i n iti al certificate reiss ued, an individual m u s t have completed all coursework requirements fo r continuing certification or have completed 10 s m ster ( 1 5 quarter) hours of study since the issuance of lhe MO. T RECENT initial certificate i n the ro l e for which renewal or re i s s ua n c e is being sou g ht (WAC 1 8 0-79-065) ( 1 ) (a). The i n d ivi du a l must also meet the re c e n c y req u i r em e n t described below. In some cases the same c re di t s m ay a p p l y to both the re n e wal / re i ssuanc re q u i n:ment and the recency requ i re m e n t 2. T n order to b e e lig i ble t o obtain, renew, or ha ve an initial certificate reissued, t h e individual must have c o mp l e t e d 1 0 .


on file in the School of Education.

Converting to the Continuing Cutificate: At the t i m e of

publication o f t h is catalog, state requirements include: 1. 30 semester hours o f upper division or g r adu at level p ost­ baccalaureate s tud y. 2 . 1 80 d ays of full-time teac h i. n g , of which 30 days must be with

the same employer. 3. T\vo endorsements. 4. C ou r se wo rk i n issues of abuse. Alth ough the master's degree is no longer required, any School of Education M A degree can be used to meet the academic re­ quirements for the continuing certificate. Other means by which the School o f Education can help persons meet continuing certi ­ fication requirements will be considered a s the)' become known. ELEMENTARY PREPARATION General requirements: In addition to the ge.neral university and core re qui re m en t s in all curricula, certain specific requirements

i n general education must be met.

1. An th ro p ol o gy 1 02, Ex plo ri ng Anthropology; Culture and Society ( recommended) or Ant hropology 2 l 0 / H i s t o ry 2 1 0, Global Per spect ive s or the equivalent must be taken. 2 . Biology 1 1 1 or another Life ciencc course must be taken. 3. Natural Sciences 1 06 o r another physical science course must ,

b e taken.

4. Mathematics 223 or equivalent m u s t be taken. A year course in one laboratory science may be s ubs t i t u t e d by those who have adequate background fro m high c h oo l in the other science area. Professional Education Sequence, Elementary Program:

SPED 1 90

E xcep tio nal Children and Adults, 3 hours (no p r e requ i si t e) EDUC 253 hild Development and S c ho ols 4 hOUTS ( 2 . 50 GPA and sophomore status r�q ui red ; pre re qu i si t es : ENG L 1 0 1 and PSYC 1 0 1 ) EDUC 3 2 2 General Methods, Upper lem e n t a r )" 4 hours or EDUC 324 General Methods, Eleme ntary, 4 hours ( Prerequ isites fo r all eneral M e th o d s courses: 2.50 G PA, j u nior standing, EDUC 253 o r 3 2 1 , ap p li ca t io n screening and a cc e p ta n ce into the School o f Ed u cat i o n) EDUC 42 1 Teachers and t h e Law, 1 hour. EDUC 430 S tu d e n t Teaching Primar)" 1 0 hours ( s in gle) or EDUC 432 S t ud e nt Teaching, Upper Elementary. 10 hours ( s i n gl e ) EOUC 434 S tud e n t Teaching, Elementary, 8 hours (dual) ( For Student Teaching a GPA o f 2.50 and senior slanding are requ i red a lon g with posi tive field evaluations from EOUC 253 and EDUC 322-4. Prerequisites: EDU 253, 322-4, 325, 3 2 , 408, 4 1 0, and 4 1 2 and m e t h o d s i n art, music, and p hysic a l ,



education; all cond itions to full admission met;

EOUC 435

s a tis fac to ry writing, spelling, and math sk ill s . ) Professional Seminar, 2 hours (must b e t aken c on c u r re ntl y with EDUC 430 or 432)

E D U C A T I O N o m

Professionalized Subject Matter ( 16-20 hoW's required of aU elementary candidates):

EDVC 325

Re ad i ng in


M a th e m a t ics

the El e m e n ta ry , chool ( 4 ) in the El e m e n t a ry School ( 2 ) E D U 408 Language Arts i n the Elem e n ta r y chool ( 2 ) E D C 4 [ 0 Science/Health i n t h e E l e m e n ta r y School ( 2 ) E C 4 [ 2 Social S t u d ies i n the El eme nta ry School ( 2 ) ARTD 3 4 1 El e me n ta ry A r t Education ( 2 )



ED 457 MUSI 341 PRED 322

Th ' A r t s , Med ia and Tech nology (2) Mu s ic in the E l eme n t a r y School ( 1 -4 ) Phy ' ical Education in t h e E l e m e n t a r y School ( [ -4)

Professional Education Sequence, Elementary Program (New Program, beginning Spring


SPED 200 Individuals w it h Sp e c i a l Needs ( 2 ) EDU 302 Human Learning: Growth and D evelop m e n t ( 3 ) ED VC 3 0 3 Fi el d Observation ( [ ) EDU 3 5 7 Media a nd Te c h n o l o gy i n K-8 Classrooms (2) ED 358 P ra ct i c u m I ( [ ) EDUC 400 Topics in E l e m e n ta ry Education: C l a s sro o m Issues a n d I ns t r u ctio nal Strategies (3) EDUC 40 1 Practicum U ( l ) EDUC 406 Mathematics i n K- 8 Education ( 3 ) ED 408 L i te ra c y in K - 8 E d uc a tio n ( 3 ) EOU 4 1 0 Science/Health in the Elementary School ( 3 ) E D U 4 1 2 Social Studies in t h e E l e m e n tar y School ( 3 ) E O V 4 3 0 Student Teaching i n K - 8 E d u c a t i o n ( 9 ) BDU , 43 5 Topics in Elementary Education: Cl assro o m Prac­ tice in the Context of Educational Foundations ( 3 ) SPED 4 9 9 Tea c hin g for Individual Diffe re n c - E l e me n t a ry ( 2 ) ART 341 Elementary A r t Education ( 2) �

and MU 1 34 1


i n t h e E l em e n t ar y School ( 1 -4)


SOTA 34 1 PHED 322

I n t eg r a t i ng Arts in

the C l assroo m (2) Physical Education i n Elementary S c h o ol s ( 2 )


In addition to the gen e r a l u n i ve rsi t y requirements in all curricula, certain sp e c i fi c requirements for ge n er a l education must be me t. 1 . Anthropology/History 2 1 0, ,Iobal Pe rs p e c t ive s ( recom­ m e n d e d) o r Anthropology 102, Culture a n d ociety, must

General requirements:

be taken.

2. Co m p u t e r Science 322, M icroco m p u t e r s in the Class ro om , must be taken ( P h ys i c a l Education and Music Education d eg ree majors excep te d) 3. Minimum grade requirements include a c u m u la t ive grade p oi n t average of 2.50 for the fol low i n g : a. Entrance to p rofessional equence. b. r o l l m en t in any course in professional ed ucation. c . raduati n and/or ce r t i fi c a tio n 4. Grad es of C or h igher in the foUowing: a. All courses in maj o rs a n d m i n o rs b. English 1 0 1 , Psychology [ 0 1 , Anthropology/History 2 1 0 or A n t h ropo l og y 102. e . C mputer Science 3 2 2 . .



Professional Education Sequence, Secondary Education

( minimum of 30 semester hours):


Y 26 1

Human Re lat ion s De vel o p m e n t ( 3 ) ( P rerequisite: Ad mission to the sequence)

EDUC 262

Fo u n d ations

of Education ( 3 ) ( Prer quisites: se q u e n c e and c o n c u rren t enroll­

Ad mission to the

in EP 'Y 26 1 ) bservation ( [ ) ( Prerequisites: Admission to the se q ue nce and concurrent enrolment in


EDUe 263

S c h o ol

EDUC 2 6 2 )

EPSY 3 6 1

Psychology for Te ac h ing ( 3 ) ( P rereq uisi t e: EPSY 26 1 )

Tea chi n g for I n d ividual Differences - Seco ndary (4) (Pr requ isi tes: ED UC 262/263, EPSY 26 1 ) ( Not req u i re d for sp eci a l education maj ors or minors) EDUC 44X Subject A re a Metbods ( 3 ) ( P rerequ isites: RDUC 262/263, EPSY 26 1 , 36 [ , SP E D 362) E D C 4 6 1 General Teac h i ng Methods - Se ondary ( 3) (Prerequisites: EPSY 2 6 1 , E ue 262, concurrent enr l Imen t in E V � 462) 4 12 Teacher Assisting - S e c o n da ry ( [ ) ( Prerequisites: ED PSY 2 6 1 , EDV 262, co nc u r re n t nrollment in DVC 46 1 ) EDVC 468 St udent Teac h i ng - S e c onda ry (9) ( P rerequisites: EP Y 26 1 , 36 [ , ED C 262, 263 , 46 1 , 462, SPED 362, senior s ta n di ng, cumulative PA of 2.50 or h i gh er; a valid fi rst aid card must b<: on tile before student t ea c h i ng place men t can be fi nalized)

SPED 362


n o c

o ,., ,.,

Recommended Sequences:

Ulldergraduate StudellL,

EPSY 26 1 , EDUC 262, 2 6 3 ..... _ ..... _._ ... _._ . . . . . ... . . . . . E PSY 36 1 , SPED 362 .. . ,................ EDU 4 I , 462, 44X . . .. .. . . EDUC 468 .















. ..


. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ....... . . .......... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... .. .... .

7 7 7 9

hours h UTs h O Llrs

GradrllJte Students (with B.A./B. S. degrees)

EPSY 26 1 , EDUC 262, 263 .... . .. . . . . . . . . . . .. ... . . _. 7 hours EPS 36 1 , EDUC 46 1 , 462, SPED 362 . .... . . . .... .. 1 1 bours EDU , 44X, 468 ...._ ........................ . . .. . . . _ [ 2 h urs . . . . ._ . .




















... . .._.




major fro m those listed must in a s eco nd academic area is strongly recommended. ( Students do not major in education). Teaching majors are o ffered in the following areas: an thropo l o gy, art, biology, cheIDi ·try, drama, earth sciences, economics, E n gl i s h , French, German, h i s t ory, j o u rn a li sm , language a rts , mathematics, music, Norwegian, p hys i c a l e d u c a t i o n , p hy s i cs , p ol i t i cal science, psychology, ci nee, social studies, so c i o l o g y , Sp a n ish , a n d speech. M i n o rs o n l y are ava i l a b l e in Chinese, o m p u ter science, health, and Lat in . The m aj o rs and m i n o r in the ele m e n t a r y and secondary ed u c a t io n program ha e been rev i s e d because of changes in the Wa sh i n g ton Adminl 'trative Code_ Except in th e ar as o f EngUsh/ l a n g u a ge arts, science, a n d socia.! s tudies, the e l emen t a ry maj or fulfills areas o f s t u d y re q u i red b)( the State for endorsement. ee an education adviser for c urre n I i n fo r m a t i on . n of a

be co m p leted . "o m pl et i

teaching m aj o r/ mi n o r


preparing for sen ior hi g h tea c h i ng mllst com pI te app [()xima ly 3 2-69 semester hours in the ac a dem i c rea i n which t h ey plan to tea c h A minor i n a s e co nd te ac h i n g area is recommend d. Students may also find i t advantageous to their c aree r goals to 1 ) develop skills i n one or more coaching areas i n res p o n se to Title IX legislation, 2) d velop com petencieli in s p ec ial education in response to federal sp ecia l educalio n le gi s l a t i o n , and 3) deve l o p p ro fi c i enc i n one or more la ng uages, part i c u l a rl y Spanish and Asian l a n g u a ges In all cas s, stud nts must discuss their program \ i t h an adviser from the Sc hool of Student




Educa tion.

PREPARATION FOR K- l 2 TEACH I NG: Students preparing for

K - 1 2 teaching in art, m usic, foreign l a n gu a ge , or ph ys i ca l education must have student t e a c h i n g cx p t'T i en c c and co u rse ­ work in m eth o d o l o gy on b o t h tl1e el e m e n t a ry a n d s e ' ondary levels. De t a i led i n fo r m ati on r e ga r d i n g K - 1 2 certifica tion is ava i l a b l e in the School of Education offic�. A S c h oo l of Educa­ t i o n adviser is required in addition to an adviser in a r t, music, or p h y si ca l eJucation_

Cl l/)

E D U C A T I O N V1

ELEMENTARY EDUCATION MINOR: Students p r p a rin g for cr:: UJ u.. L-

o \JJ V1

ekmcn tary da� room teach jng s h ou ld chootie one of the

followinu op t i o n s: Cra -Disciplinary Studies ( 1 2 hours required) Seled 12 110111"5 from;

pee h

Child D evel o p me n t



o U

Reading Endorsement E U 408 Language Arts I II th Elcrnentu l· Y S c h o ol ( 3 )

w cr::


EDUC 5 1 1

The Acqu i,itio I1 a n d Developme.nt o f L a n g u age and

U terncy (2 ) Strategies for Language/Litera y Development i. n

Clas EDU



538 528


E D C 529


Language/Literacy Development: AS$ e s s me n t and

I nstruction (4) Strategies for Who l e Li ter a c y [ nstr u t ion ( K - 1 2 ) C h ildren's Literature in K-8 Curriculum ( 2 ) "

Ad ole cent Literature i n the Secondary

urriculum (2)--

�D C 503 On ElcCli � (2) � May


umpus Wo rks h op s

in Education (2)""

subsritllte ENGL 364 or eqll ivi/lent 4-hour childnm's litera­

Mathematics 1 2 h o u r In mathematics req u i red ( p o ss i b l y i n cl u d i n g computer science) , se lected i.n co ns u l t a t i o n with chool of E d u ca t io n adviser.

SPECIAL EDUCATION (K- 12) : The 32 semcster h ur t e ac h i n g maj o r and 1 8 ernestel· how· minor m u s t be taken in conj u nction with an academic teac h.i ng major. S tudents comp leLing this

m'ljor aJ o ng w i t h

the req u i red professi()nal edu ation

fo r iemcntary

secondary teachers will be rec o m mend d fo r



a.n end rsement in speciaJ educat ion . Stu dents n o t m aj o ri n g in e.,''(c useci fro m the r q u i. re m e nt s of t aki n g

educa tion may b

Ed ucation 302

or Educational Psychology 26 1 /Education 262.

Major (26 hours minimum) I/eqltired Co ltrses

P ED 1 90

(minimum 0/21 hours);

ceptional Chil d re n and Adults ( 3 )

I n t roduct ion to Learning D isabil i l ic� (3) Introduction to D evelop me n tal D i s a bi l i t i es ( 3 ) Introduction to Beha i or Di orders (3) SPED 393 SPED 9 8 Assess m ent in Special a n d Re med i a l Education( 3 ) Pract i cu m in S p ecial Educarion ( 2 ) PED 399 Curricu l u m and T n s tr uct i on fo r I .earners w it h PED 407 Special Neecb (4) Elective 'ourscs (m inimum of 5 flours); PED 1 9 1 O bser at ion in pe ial Educalion ( i ) SPED 296 E d ucat i n g the Physic" Uy Ch.d lenged a n d Med ica lly ragile ( 2 ) I ntro d u c tion ro Language Dev elo pme n l and S P E D 395 D isorders ( 2 ) P E D 290 Pill


SP ED 403 SPED 408

SPED 475 PE 479

SPED 480 SPED 490 SPED 492 PED


Parcnt/ Profes · janal Partners h i p in

1 90


SPED 3 9 S P ED 407

Ed uc lion (2) Career and Vocational Ed u c at io n for t u d en t s with S pec i al Needs (2) Supervising Para-Pro� sionaJs a n d 'olunteers ( l ) Spec ial Tech niques i n Rea lt i ng (4) Issues i n hild Abus and Neg l e c t ( I Early Learning Experiences for Spe c i al Needs Ch jldren ( 2 ) Medlods o f Teachlng arly Child h o od Special Education ( 2 ) Computer A ppl ic a tion i n pe c ial Educat ion (2)

Excep tional C h i l d r e n and Adu l t s ( 3 ) I n t roduction to Learning Disabilities ( 3 ) Assessment in Spec i a l and Remedial E d u c a t i o n ( 3 ) Practicum in S p e c i al Education ( 1 ) u rr i c u l u m and I n � t r u c t i o n for Learners with Special Needs


Elective CO l l rses (m inimum of 4 hours); S PE D

2 '16

Educ a t i ng the Ph ),s i ca l l ), C hall e n g e d and Medically



Fragil e (2)


475 480


Introduct ion to De e lop me n ta l Disabilities ( 3 ) Introduction t o Behavior D is orders ( 3 ) I ntroduction t o Language Development an d Disorders ( 2 ) Pra tic u m i n S pec ia l Education ( I ) Parent/Professional Pa rtnership in Special EducatiQn ( 2 ) areer a nd Vocational Education for Students with Sp e c 1 a l Need (2) n p ervising Para- Professional a n d Vol u n teers ( I ) Issues i n Child Abuse and Neglect ( I ) E a r l y Le a rn i ng Experiences for S p e ci a l Needs



C o mp u t e r Ap p l ic a t i on i n S p e c i a l Education ( 2 )

S P D 393

S PE D 395 SP D 399 SPED 403

SPED 408

t u re course for EDUC 528 a/Jd the ch ildre/l's litera ture eleclives.


Student Teac h i n g i.n El mentary Sp e c ia l Education (6) 'tudenl 'Ii a c h i n g i.n S e con da r y Sp e c ia l Education (6)

Minor (18 hours minimum)

SPED 2 9 0 S PED 398

Special Edllcation ( I 8 hour ' required) (see l i s t i ng fo r Mi n or lU Jder Special Ed uca t i o n K- 1 2)



Reqllired Courses (minim u m or 14 h o u rs);

Spec ial Educat i o n

cr:: ::J

EDUC 5 1 0

SP ..

SPED 439

Computers in Education

Children's Literature

Student Teaching ( required - minimum of 6 hours):



hi l d ren


Please notc; Special Educa t ioll 1 90 is a prereq u isite to A L L special educa t ion coursework. Edll ClJ t ion 302 or Educat io/lal Psychology 26 11Educa tio l1 262 is 11 prereq u isite for A L L 300 or 400- level Special Edllwtioll courses. Silidenls 'lOt /I1ajoring in education may be excused from this


EARLY CHILDHOOD - SPECIAL EDUCATION See Gradul1te Studies, llBRARY LEARNING RESOU.RCE SPECIAUST: Preparation of School Librarians ( 16 semester hours) Students interested in p rep a ri n g for l he responsibility of administering a school l i b r a ry may meet slIgg ' s t e d stan dards through the fo l lo wi n g p ro g r a m : Prerequisite; ED C 253 o r EPSY 26 1 /EDU , 262, or t e a c h e r certification. Req l./ired;

EDUr: 506

Fo un d a t i o n s of School T . i b r a r y Media M nagement

EDUC 507



EDlIC 537 EDUC 538 E D U C 555



Princ ip les of In fo r m a t io n Organization, Retrieval, and Se rvi c e (2) Pr i nc i p l e s of I3ibliographi A n a l ys i s and C o n t ro l (2) Fo u n d a t ions of Collec t i o n D eve l o p m ent (2) M ed i a and Te c h no l o gy fo r School L i b ra r ), M ed i a 'pecialists ( 2 )

S t r a teg i es fo r Wh o l e Literacy I n s truct i on ( K- 1 2 ) ( 2 )

'Lu riculum Development (2)

Electives - o n e a/ the following;

EDUC 528 Children's Litera t u re i n K-8 C urri c u l u m (2) ED UC 5 2 9 Adolescent Literature i n the S e con dary Cur r i c u l u m (2) E D U C 4-6 Storytelling (2) PRINCIPAL'S AND PROGRAM ADMINISTRATOR'S CERTI F ICATE: Preparation programs l e adi n g to c e r t i fi c a t i o n at the Ini t i a l and ontinuing l e v e l s fo r sc h o o l and district-wide program adm i nistrators are available through the S c ho o l o f Educa t i o n . Specific requirements for the certificates are

E D U C A T I O N o

ide n t i fied in h3ndbooks a va i l ab le u pon re qu est.

Master's degrees

L n educ a t i o n a l a d m i n i t r a t io n are described in the Graduate Studies sec t i on o f

this c a t a l og .

CERTlFJCATION REQUlREM ENTS FOR SCHOOL COUNSEWRS AND SCHOOL NURSES: E d uca t io n a l Staff Assoc i ate certification fo r school counselors o r for s ch oo l nurses is i n di v i d u al l y desi Tn ed t. h ro ugh a P ro fe s s i o n a l Educa t ion Advisory Board, con s i s t in g o f a sc h a u l district, related p ro fe s sional associ a tio n s, and Pac i Jic Lu t h e ran Uni ersit)'. Fo r i n form a t io n reg a rd i ng counselor certifi a tion, contact t h e School o f Educa t i o n . or i n fo rmati o n regard i n g school n u rse certifica­ tion, contact rhe: Sch o o l o f Nursing ( 53 5-8872 ) . ­

Teaching Major/Minor Requirements ANTHROPOWGY

1 ) C ul tur a l A n th ro pology, 2 ) P hy s i c a l An t h ro p o l o g y, ) A rc h a eol o gy. Secondary teach i ng m ajo r: 32 sem est e r hours required. Anthropology 1 0 1 , 1 02, 3 54, 480. 4 hours from A n t h ro p o l og y 220, 230, 330, 3 3 6 , 345. 4 h o u rs from Anthropology 2 1 0, 350, 360, 375, 380, 392. 8 hours fro m A n t h ropology 1 03, 3 3 2 , 365, 370, 465. Secondary teachillg m i n o r: 20 s em ester h o u r s requ i red. Anthro­ p<)logy 10 1, 1 0 2 . 8 h o u r s from An t h rop o l ogy 2 1 0, 2 20, 2 3 0, :1 30, 336, 34 5, 354. 4 h o u rs from A n t h ro pol o g y 1 03 , 3 3 2 , 365, 370, 465. Ele mentary teaching m ajo r: 24 semester h ou rs requ i red . A n t h ro p o l ogy 1 0 1 , 1 02 , 354. 8 h o u rs fro m Anthropology 2 1 0, 220, 230, 330 , 336, 3 4 5 . 4 hours from An t h ro p o logy 1 03, 3 3 2 , 365, 370, 'l65. Sta te clldorsement req u i remen ts:


Siale endorsement req u i re m e n ts : 1 ) A r t history or c r i t i c i s m , 2) Aest h e t i cs or ph i l o sophy of a r t , 3 ) D r aw i n g , 4 ) Pa i n t i n g , 5 ) Scu l p t u re, 6 ) Instru c t i o na l methods i n a r t . K- 1 2 t ea ch ing milJor: 32 semester h o u r s re q u i r ed . A r t 1 60, 226,

230, 250, 365. 8 ho urs from Art 1 96, 2 5 5 , 3 2 6 , 355, 370. 4 h o u r s from Art 1 1 0, 1 80, 1 8 1 , 380. Art minor: 24 semester h o u r s req u i red. Art 1 60, 250, 3 6 5 . 4 h o u rs from Art 1 96, 230, 255, 326, 3 70. 4 h o u rs from A rt 1 80, 1 8 1. 4 bours fro m A r t 1 1 0, 380. £lem rztary teachirrg major: 24 ,em e s ter h o u rs req u i red. Same as art minor.

BIOLOGY State endorsement requiremen ts:

I ) Genetics, 2 )

Ecology o r

evolu t i o n t h eor y, 3 ) B o t a n )', i n luding l a b o ra tor y experience,


Zoology, i n clud i n g lab(lrator experience, S) Laboratory management and safet y, 6) Science te ch n o lo g y and s o c i e t y or b ioeth ics. Secondary teilching major: 4 1 semester h o u r s r e q u i re d . B iol o g y

1 6 1 , 1 62, 32 3 , 340. Biol ogy 20 1 or 328, 424 or 475, 324 o r 326, 3 3 1 or 346 or 407. 4 hours of electives fro m Biology 205 or above. Requ ired supporting: h e m i st ry 1 05 o r 1 1 5. Seco nda ry tellching minor: 25 emestcr h o u rs required. Biology 1 6 l , 1 62 , 323. 8 hours o f electives from B i o l o gy 201 o r above. Requ i red supporting: C h e m i s t ry 105 or 1 1 5 . Ele m e n tary teaching major: 25 se m e s te r h o u r s requ i red. Same as secondar y teac h ing m inor. CHEMISTRY State endorsement req u i re me n ts: 1 ) Orga n i c c h e m i s t r y, i n c l u d i ng lab r a lOry ex p e r ience , 2 ) Inorganic c h emis t ry, including laboratory experience, 3 ) A n a lytic chemist ry, i n clu d i n g l a b o r a t o r y experience, 4 ) P h ys i c al c h e m i s try, S ) Lab o ra t o r y managemen t a nd safety.

Secondary teaching major: 54 semester h o u r req n i rcd.

C h e m i s t ry 1 1 5, 1 1 6, 32 1 , 33 1 , 332, 333, 334, 34 1 , 342, 343, 344, 403. Re q u i red supp o r t M a t h 1 5 1 , 1 52, Physic; 1 53 , 1 5 4, 1 6 3, 1 64. Secollda ry teachillg minor: 26 semester h o u rs req u ired. C h e m i st r y 1 1 5, 1 1 6, 2 1 0, 3 3 1 , 332, 333, 3 34 . 4 hours [rom C h e m i st ry 3 2 1 or 403. Elementary teaching major: 24 semester h o u rs req u i red. Che m i str y 1 4, LOS, 1 1 5, 1 1 6, 2 1 0. 4 h o u rs o f electives h'o m Earth S c i e n c e s . State endorse ment re q u irelllents: 1 ) 'vVr i t i ng/co m p o s i t i o n in the de s igna t e d fo rei g n l a n g u a ge ,

2 ) Conversation i n t h e de�ig­ nated fo re i gn l a nguage, 3 ) Read i ng in the dc� i gna t d fo reign language, 4 ) H i s t o r y and c u l t u re of the designated fo reign l a n guage . S econda ry teachillg minor: 24 s e m e s t e r h o urs requi red, C h i nese 1 0 1 , 1 02 , 20 1 , 202, 3 5 1 , 3 7 1 . Elementa ry teaching maj or: 24 semester h o u rs req u ired. Same a s s eco n d a r y t e a c h i ng m i n o r. COMP UTER SCIENCE State endorse ment requirements: 1 ) Co m p u t ers and society,

ol11puter software, 3 ) Data stnlctures, 4) Assem b l y 5 ) S tructllIed p ro g r a m m i n g i n BASIC o r logo, 6 ) S t ructured p rogram m i n g ill o n e of th e h igh kvel l a n g uages: LISP, C, Pa cal, P RO L G , FORTRAN , PL 1 , Small lalk, C B L, M od u l a 2, FO RTI-I, R P Seconda ry leaching m illOr: 24 semester h o urs requi red. C o m p u ter Science 1 44 , 270, 322, 3 80, 449. Req s u p p o rt ­ i n g: Math 1 28 or 1 5 1 . 4 h o ur s from Comp uter Science 1 1 02 1 0 o r 220. Elemellta ry teaching major: 26 semester h o u r s . Same as second ­ ary t e a c hi n g minor, plus 2 h ou r from S p ec i a l Education 494. 2)


DRAMA p ro d u c t i o n , 3 ) Theatre h istory

2 ) T heatre

or history of d rama, 4 ) Creative dra ma , 5) Theatre di re c t ing . Secorldary teach ing major: 32 sem e s t e r hours requ i red. Theatre 1 5 1 , 1 60, 24 1 , 250, 3 5 2 , 357, 363 or 364, 454. Secon dary teachillg m i n o r: 20 semester hours re quire d . Theatre 1 5 1 , 250. 4 ho urs from Theatr 1 60, 363, 364. 8 h o urs from T he a t re 3 5 J , 352, 454, 4 58 . Elementary teaching major: 24 semester hou rs req u i red. Theatre 1 5 1 , 1 60, 250. 8 hours from Theatre 3 5 1 , 3 5 2 , 454, 458. 4 h o u Ts of elec t ives. EARTH SCIENCES Stale endorsemert t re q ltiremellt5: 1 ) Physical geology, 2) H i stori c al

ge o l og y, 3 ) Environmental geo logy, 4 ) Oc e a n o g ra p hy, 5 ) A s t ro n o lll Y, 6) Meteorology. Secolldmy reach ing majo r: 45-46 s e me st e r hours r equ ire d . Earth Scien es 1 3 1 , 1 32 , l 3 3 or 202, 222, Natural Science 206 ( A st ro n o m y ) , Me te o r o l o g y. 1 2 - 1 3 ho urs from Earth Sciences 32 3, 3 24, 32 5, 326, 327, 3 2 8, 330, 3.1 4, 34 1 , 3 50. C h em istry 1 04 Of 1 1 5. Physics 1 25 , 1 35 . 4 hours from M a t h 1 40 o r higher o r o n e cou rse fro m C o m p u t er S c ience 1 1 5, 1 44 or 220. Seco nda ry teaching m ino r: 2 0 semes te r h o u rs l-eq u ired.. Earth Sciences 1 3 1 , 1 32 , 1 33, 202, 222 , alma] S-:iences 206 ( Astro no m y ) , Meteorology.

E lem en ta ry tea ching m ajor: 24 s eme st e r h o u rs required. Same as se co n d a r y teach ina m i nor w i t h 4 add i t i o n a l ho urs of earth

a� the 300 level o r higher. Select fro m 323, 324, 3 2 5 , 326, 3 27, 3 2 8 , 329, 3 3 5 , 2 5 0 .

sciences el ec t i ve s

n o c V) m


State wdorsell1fnl req uiremell ts: 1 ) Acting ski lls,


o m

Z Gl




o u




1 ) Macroeconomics, 2 ) Microeconomics, 3) H istory and/or deve! pment of economic t h ou gh t . Secol/da ry teach ing major: 32 semester hours required. Economics 1 3 0 or 1 5 1 - 1 52, 3 5 1 , 352, 486. 8 h ours from Economics 343, Statistics 2 3 1 , Math 341 , Business 2 8 1 , or an elective i n co m p u t e r science. 8 h o u rs o f electives in economics, 4 ho u rs of which may b e statistics and/or including Economics 399, 490, 49 1 , 492, 493 for variable crewr. Secondary teaching minor: 20 seme ter hours required. Economics 1 30, 35 1 . 352, 486. 4 hours of el ec t ives in economics, which may i n lude statistic . Elem e n ta ry teaching major: 24 semester hours re qui re d . Same as secondary t e achi ng minor w i t h 4 additio nal hours of elect ives in economics or statistics.

1 ) Writing/composition i n the des i g nat e d foreign language, 2) Conversation i n the desig足 nated foreign l a ng uage , 3) R d i n g i n the des i gn a te d foreign language, 4) History and culture of the d es ignate d foreign l a ngu a ge . Secondary teaching major: 32 semester hours required beyond German 1 0 1 - 1 02. German 20 1 , 202, 3 2 1 , 322, 3 5 1 . 352, 42 1 , 422. Secondary teaching mi'lOr: 20 semester hours req u ire d beyond German 1 0 1 - 1 02. German 20 1 , 202, 32 1 or 322, 3 5 1 , 352. Elemen tary teaching major: 24 semester hours re q uire d beyond German 1 0 1 - 1 02. German 20 1 ,.202, 32 1 or 322, 3 5 1 , 352. 4 hours from upper d ivis ion German e le ct ive.

State endorsemen t requirements:


1 ) American l iterature, 2) Eng l ish litt:rature, 3 ) Comparative l i te ra tu re , 4) Ling u i s t i c s or s tructure of language, S ) Secondary teaching major: 32 semester hours required beyond English 1 0 1 . English 24 1 , 2 5 1 , 252, 327 or 328, 403 . 4 hour of a period, 4 hours of an author, and 4 hours from En glish meeting the comparative requirement ( English o ther than American or British). All majors must present two years of o ne foreign la n g u a ge at the coJIege level or show equ ival ent pro ficiency. Secondary teaching minor: 20 semester h o u rs required b eyo n d English 1 0 1 . English 24 1 , 2 5 1 or 252, 327 or 3 2 8 403. 4 hours from E n gl is h 2 1 6, 2 1 7, 2 1 8, 23 1 , 345, 364, 365. Elementary teaching m ajor: 24 semester hours required beyond English 1 0 1 . English 24 1 , 2 5 1 or 252, 328, 364, 403. 4 hours of electives in English.

State endorsement req uirements:


ENGLISH/LANGUAGE ARTS State endorsemellt ,揃eq uiremellts:

1 ) Drama, 2) Speech,

3) Journalism. 44 semester hOlIrs required. E nglish 24 1 , 2 5 1 or 252, 327 or 328, 403. 4 hou rs from En g L i sh 2 1 6, 2 1 7, 2 1 8 , 23 1 , 365. 8 hours in speech from Communication 1 23, 328, 330, 436, 450, Theatre 24 1 . 8 hours i n drama from Th ea t re 1 5 1 , 250, 352, 458. 8 hours in journalism from Communication 283, 380, 38 1 , 388. Elementary teaching major: 24 semester hours required. English 24 1 , 2 5 1 or 252, 327 or 328. 4 hours from English 403, Languages 200. 4 hours from English 364, 365. 4 hours from Communication 1 23. 330, 450, Theatre 24 1 , 458. Secondary Teaching major:


State endo rsement req u i remen ts: 1 ) Writing/composition in the

designated foreign l a ngu age, 2 ) onversation i n the desig足 nated foreign language, 3) Reading in the designated foreign lan g u ag e , 4) Hi.story and culture of tbe designated fo re ig n language. Seconda ry leaching major: 32 seme ter hours required beyond French 1 0 1 - 1 02. French 2 0 1 , 202, 3 2 1 , 3 5 1 , 352, 42 1 , 422, 43 1 or 432. Secondary teach ing minor: 20 semester hours required beyond French 1 0 1 - 1 02. French 20 1 , 202, 3 2 1 , 3 5 1 , 352. Elementary tea ch ing major: 24 seme ter hours required beyond French 1 0 1 - 1 02. French 20 1 , 202, 32 1 , 35 1 , 3 5 2 . 4 hours from

uppe r division French elective.

State endorsement requiremCil ts:


1 ) Substance use and abuse, 2 ) Well ness and illness, 3) Nutrition, 4) Human physi o lo gy, 5) Safety education. Secondary teaching m i nor: 16 semester hours required. He,l llh 260, 270, 292, 295, 32 1 , 323 , 3 25, 327. 2 hours o f elec t ive s p p roved by heal th coordinator. Elementary teaching major: 24 semester hours required. Same as secondary teaching m i nor, and 10 hours of electives in healt h education. Sta te endorsement req u iremen ts:


1 ) Wa s h in g ton State or Pacific Northwest h ist o ry and government, 2) United tates hist or y, 3 ) World, Western, or Pa c ifi c Rim h i sto ry or civilizations. Secondary teaching major: 32 semester hours r quired. 8 hours from His tory 2 5 1 , 252, 2 5 3 . History 1 07 or 1 08, 460 or 46 1 , Senior Seminar. 4 hours o f electives from non-Western h i sto ry and 8 h o urs of upper d i v i s i on electives i n his t o r y. Secondary tea ching minor: 20 se m es te r hours required. 4 h ou rs from History 25 1 , 252, 253. History 1 07 or 1 08, 460 or 46 1 . 4 hours of electives from non-Western h istory and 4 h ou rs o f upper division elect ives i n h is t ory. ElemClltary teaching major: 24 semester hours required. Same as secondary teaching minor. Anthropology 3 54. St.ate endorsel/l ent re q llirements:

JOURNALISM tate elldorsement requirements: 1 ) News and feature writing, 2 ) Copy editing, 3) News production, 4) COP)' makeup and

design, 5) Legal rights and liabilities o f the p ress. 32 seme rer hours required. olllmunicarion 1 23, 27 1 , 283, 333, 380, 3 8 1 , 384, 388. 4 hours o f electives. Seconriary teaching m i nor: 20 semester hours required. Communication 1 2 3 , 27 1 , 283, 380, 38 1 . Elemerz ta ry te a ch ing major: 24 semester hours re q u i red. CommunicJtion 1 23 , 27 1 , 283, 380, 3 8 1 , 384, 388. SecOIldary teaching major:


1 ) Writing/composition in the d es i gn a ted foreign language, 2) Conversation i n the desig足 nated foreign language, 3) Reading in the d es ign a ted foreign language, 4) Hist o r y and cu l t u re of the d es i gna t ed fore i gn l a ng u a ge . Se con da ry tea ching m inor: 24 sem es t e r hours regui red. Latin 1 0 1 , 1 02, 20 1 , 202. Classics 250 or 322. 4 hours from upper division Lat i n elective. Elementa ry teaching major: 24 s em e st e r hours required. Latin 1 0 1 , 1 02 , 20 1 , 202, Classics 250, 322. tate elldorsement req uirements:

E D U C A T I O N o



State endorsement req!liremen ts:

I ) Mechanics, including laboratory experience, 2 ) Electricity and magnetism, including laboratory experience, 3 ) Light and sound, including labora­ tory experience, 4 ) Thermodynamics, modern physics, or astronomy. Secondary teaching major: 42 semester homs required. Physics 1 53 , 1 54, 1 63 , 1 64, 223, 33 1 , 336, 35 1 , 354, Math 1 5 1 ,

1 ) Euclidean geometry, 2 ) Non­ Euclidean geometry, 3 ) Differential calculus, 4 ) Integral


calculus, 5) Discrete mathematics (a combination of at least two of the following: probability, statistics, combinatorics, business applications, logic, set theory, functions ) . Secolzdary teaching major: 4 1 semester hours required. Math 1 5 1 , 1 52 , 203, 245, 3 2 1 , 33 1 . 4 hours o f electives above 342, o r Computer Science 320 or above ( not M a t h 446, not Computer cience 322 ) . 4 hours from Math 3 4 1 or 433. Required supporting: Computer Science 1 44, Physics 1 5 3 , 1 63 . Secondary teach ing minor: 22-24 semester hours required. Math 1 5 1 , 1 5 2 , 32 1 , Computer S ience 1 44. 2-4 hours from Math 230 o r 33 1 . 4 hours from Math 245, 3 4 1 , 433. Elemen tary teaching major: 2 4 semester hours required. Same as secondary teaching minor with additional elective hours in mathematics, if necessary. MUSIC

Slate endorsement req u irem en ts: I )


Score reading, 2 ) Music theory, 3 ) Music history and/or culture, 4 ) Conducting, 5 ) Instructional music, 6 ) Instructional methods i n general music. K-12 Teaching Major (music specialist): See the requirements for the degree Bachelor of Music Education ( B. M . E . ) , as listed under Music i n this catalog: B.M.E.. - K- 1 2 Choral B.M.E. - K- 1 2 Instrumental ( Band Emphasis) B.M.E. - K- 1 2 Instrumental (Orchestra Emphasis) Elementa ry teaching major: 24 semester hours required. Music minor ( see requirements listed under Music in t.his catalog) , plus Music 34 1 .



State endorseme n t req u i rements: 1 ) \A/riting/composition in the designated foreign language, 2 ) Conversation i n the desig­ nated foreign language, 3 ) Reading in the designated foreign language, 4 ) History and c ulture of the designated foreign language.

3 2 semester hours required. Norwegia n 1 0 1 , 1 0 2, 20 1 , 202, 3 5 1 , 352. 4 hours from upper division elective i n Scandinavian culture and 4 hours from upper division elective in Scandinavian literature. Secondary teaching m inor: 24 semester hours required. Norwegian 1 0 1 , 102, 20 1 , 202, 3 5 1 . 4 hours from upper division elective in Scandinavian culture. Elementa ry teaching major: 2 4 semester hours required. Same as secondary teaching minor. Secondary teaching major:


I ) Care and prevention of student injury, inCluding first aid, 2 ) Kinesiology, 3 ) Exercise physiology, 4 ) School physical education, sports, or athletic law, S) Sociology and/or psychology of sports, 6 ) Instructional methods in physical education for the handicapped, 7 ) Instructional methods in physical education. K- 12 teach i ng major: 5 3 semester hours required. Biology 205, 206, Health Education 2 8 1 , Physical Education 277, 283, 2 8 5 ,

State endorsement req!l irements:

286, 287, 288, 322, 326, 3 2 8 , 345, 478 , 480, 484, 486.

K-12 teaching m inor: 1 9 semester hours required. Health Education 2 8 1 , Physical Education 283, 2 8 8 , 322, 328, 334, 345. 6 hours from Physical Education 285, 286, 287. Elementary aCildemic major: 2 3 semester hours required. He<1lth Education 2 8 1 , Physical Education 283, 288, 322, 328, 3 34, 345. 8 hours from Physical Education 285, 286, 287.

State endorsement req uirem ents:

1 52 , 2 5 3 .

Secondary teaching m i rz o r:

2 5 - 2 6 semester hours required. 10 hours from Physics 1 2 5 , 1 26, 1 35 , 1 3 6 o r 1 5 3 , 1 54, 1 63 , 1 64. 7-8 hours from Physics 205, 223, 33 1 , 336, 34 1 /347, 3 5 1 or Chemistry 34 1 , Physics 354, . atural Sciences 206. Required supporting: J\'lath 1 5 1 , 1 5 2 . Elemen tary aCildemic major: 2 5 - 2 6 semester hours required.

n o c V1


Same as secondary teaching m inor. POLITICAL SCIENCE

I ) American government, 2 ) I nternational relations o r studies, 3 ) Comparative govern­ ment or political systems, 4 ) Political theory. Secondary teaching major: 32 semester hours required. Political Science 1 0 1 , 1 5 1 . 8 hours from Political Science 345, 3 54, 3 6 1 , 363, 364, 368, 3 7 1 , 372, 373. 4 h ours from Political Science 23 1 , 3 3 1 , 3 3 8 . 4 hours from Political Science 3 8 [ ' 3 84, 385, 386, 3 8 7 . 4 homs from Politic�l Science 2 1 0, 325, 326. 4 hours of electives i n political science. Seconda ry teaching minor: 24 semester hours required. Political Science 1 0 1 , 1 5 1 . 4 hours from Political Science 345, 354, 36 1 , 363, 364, 368, 3 7 1 , 372, 3 7 3 . 4 hours from Political Science 2 3 1 , 33 1 , 338. 4 hours from Politica.! Science 2 1 0, 38 1 , 384, 3 8 5 , 386, 3 8 7 . 4 hours from Political Science 325, 3 2 . Elementary teaching m aj or: 24 semester hours required. Same as State endorsement req uiremen ts:

secondary teaching minor. PSYCHOLOGY

I ) Human behavior, 2) Learning theories, 3 ) Developmental psychology, 4 ) Interpersonal psychology. Secondary teaching major: 32 semester hOllrs required. Psychology 1 0 1 , 242, Statistics 24 1 . 4 hour from Psychology 342, 348. 4 hours from Psychology 352 and 444. 4 h o urs from Psychology 325, 354, 462, 464, 27 1 . 8 hours of electives in psychology. Secondary teaching minor: 24 semester hours required. Psychology 1 0 1 , 242. Statistics 2 4 1 . 4 hours from Psychology 342 �48. 4 hours from Psychology 352 or 444. 4 hours from Psychology 325, 3 54, 462, 464, 47 1 . Elementary teaching major: 24 semester required. Psychology 1 0 1 , Statistics 2 3 1 , Psychology 22 1 , 352, 444, and 8 hours of electives determined in consultation with elemen­ tary education adviser ( suggestions include Psychology 342, 348, 350, 440, 450, 453, and specialty courses offered through the departmen t).

State endo rseme n t reqllirements:

• .


endorsemen t requiremCllts: 1 ) hemistry, 2 ) Physics, 3 ) B iology, 4 ) Earth sciences. Secondary teaching major: 63-69 semester hours required. B iology 1 6 1 , 1 62, 323, Chemistry 104, 1 05, Earth Sciences 1 33 or 222, Physics 1 25 , 1 26, 1 3 5 , 1 3 6 or Physics 1 53 , 1 54, 1 6 3 , 1 64. 8 hours from Earth Sciences 1 3 1 , 1 32. 4 hours from 300 State

or higher. A minor is required i n one of the following: biology, chemistry, earth sciences, or physics. Elemen ta ry teaching major: 24 semester hours req uired, including 8 hours in life science, 8 hours in physical science, and 8 hours of electives.

z C\ V1

E 0 U C A T I O N V'I




o w V'\ <r :J


re1l uiremcnts: 1 ) E co no m i c. ,

1) . n t h r opo log y,

. 0 iology, o r psycho logy,

) eograpby, 4) Po l i t i ca l sc ie nce. SecolJdar teaching mojor: 44 se m es te r hours req uired. A nth ropology 3'i4, Economics 1 30, History 107 or L 08, 2 S 1 or 252 or 153, 460, Pol it i cal Science 1 5 1 , SOclolo gy 10 1 , 4 hoors i n non- We.-; te rn hi tory, 4- ho urs of upper d iv i si o n p o l it i ca l

dellct', 8 t ours of upper d.ivisi n electives chosen from two

o f the following disci p li nes: anthropology, econ om ics,





u.J o

SIIltt! elldorsement rcqtl irem�llts: 1 ) Pu blic �l'eaking . 2) Deb a t e, 3) G roup procc:s" 4) i n t erp rsona l communi ation. Secondary teach ing major: 34 semester hours requi red. C mrnuaication L3, 2 3, 32 , 32S, 30, 33 , 435, 4 36 . Secolldary teachillg m illor: 18 �emestf'r ho u rs re q u ired . Communication 1 2 3 , 326, 328, 330, 333. ElenWlltrll')' leachillg majM: 14 s e m c. ter hours req u i red . Same as second ry teac hi ng minor with 6 additional h o u rs o f el ec t i es.

psyc hology, or so · o logy.

Elementary l(!(IciIing /Ilajor: 24

sem.:ster hours re q u ired . A n r h rop o l ogy 3 54, H istory 25 1 or 252 or 253, 60. 4 hours rom E- fistory 1 07 o r l O R or llQll-WcstE'J'n h ist ory. 8 hours of electives frOlD a nt h ro p o logy, ec o n o m I CS , pol i t ical s ience,



or so iology.


State en orsemen t re q uirement : 1 ) G r up b 'havior, 2) S o c ia l i nstitu ti o ns , 3) !>ocial p ro ces s , 4) Theory and his to ry of sociology.

Secondary teaching /'IIajor: 3 2 sem

ster hours requi re d .

So i ol ogy 10 1 , 396, 397. R hours from �oci ology 240, 336,

381i, 440. 8 hours fr m Sociology 330, 3� I , 380, 39 1 , 4 1 2, 44 4 h o u rs fro m So ci o lo gy 234, _60, 395. SeeUl/dary reach ing m inOT: 20 seme s te r hour requi red. S oc i o l og y 1 0 1 . 396, 397. 4 h o u rs from Sociology 3 0, 336, 3 5 1 , 3 1\0, 39 1 , 4 1 2, 443. 4 h o u r from Sociolog 234, 240, 33 , 386,

Course Offe rings 253 Child Development and mools I ntroduction to th e n a t u re of scllO(l1 and teaching i n contempo­ rary s o iet)', overview of human development with s p e ci a l em ph as is on int llecruaJ, soc i a l , emotional, and phys i c a l devel o p men t o f e l e me n t a ry age c h il d ren ill a sc ho ol se t t i n g . Wee kl y p u b lic school observa tion require d with s t u lents respol l sib le for t he i r own tra mportation. Pren:quisi tc::s: ENGL 10 I , PSYC l O l, sop h o m o re stand i ng, 2.50 PA, w r i t i n g a nd malh ski l l asseSsmen l. (4) 262 Foundations of Education Intro d uction to t eaching; h i sto r ical , p h i l o ·ophical. social, pol i­ tical, �t h i ca l and legal fO lJndari( ns. Fe d tra l a n d state I gi s la t ion fo r spe cia l pop u l a t i ons . Prerequ isites: £NGL 1 0 1 , PSY [ O J , te-t s .ores, sophomore ta ndi ng , c u m u l a t ive G PA of 2 . 5 0. (3) ·

3 95, 4 40.

263 Schoo] Ob ervation raded obse rvatio n in schonLs. Concurrent with 262. ( I )

in soci logy.


Eleme n ta ry ret/ching major: 24 seme te r hours required. Same a s s<:: concl. ry tea h i ng m inor \ itb 4 ad d i t io n a l hourl> of dec t ive.


State wdorsemelll

req uir merzls:

des ign ated fore ig n l a n g u age ,

I ) Wririn g!co mpo : iL io n i n the 2) Conversation in the desig­

3) Reading in the de ign a t e d foreign language, 4 ) Hi s to ry and culture of the des ignaled fo reign

nated fo reign la n g u age , language.

Seconda ry teachillg

minor: 32 se mest er hours

Spanish 10 1 - 1 02.

req u i re d bey n d Spanish 10 1 , 202, 32 1 , 32 2, 35 1 , 352.

8 hours from Spanish 42 1 , 422, 4 3 1 , 432. Secondary teaching millor: 20 scnlcstcr h o u rs req u i red beyond Spa ni sh I O J - 1 02. Span ish 20 1 , 202, 32 1 or 32 2 , 35 1 , 352. Elementary teaching maior: 24 semester hours requ i red bcyond S p an i h

Human Leaming: Growth and Development

Overvie IV of theories of h u ma n devel op men t em p h a izing

10 [ · J 02. panish 20 1 , 202, 32 1 , 322, r l , 352.


ler n a t i e system and strategies for special educa t ion, ) S t u de n t

issue in

�e .ial

State elldo rse m el l t re q uiremCllts: I ) �x

p t i.onalily, 2 )

assess ment a n d ev,t luaLiCl n, 4) P ro ce d u rl , ! and substantiv e legal

education, 5)

I mtructi(

nal me th ods in s p ec i al

educa t io n.

K- /2 teachillg major: 32 s meslcr h o urs requ ired . . pe c i al Ed uca tio n 1 90, 290, 390, 393, _ 98, 3 9, 407. 5 h U t · from

Sp e c i a l Ed ucation t 9 1 . 2l o, 395, 403, 408, 475, 479, 480, 4'.10, <l92. 494. Majors m ust al. 0 r gi ste r fo r 6 hours of spe� j ,l.i education student teac h i ng (SPED 43R o r 439 ) in ad di t i on to 8 h o u rs of elt:ment3ry or secondary stud nt te,\Ching ( EDU 434 o r 466). peeia l ('du car io ll fIlillor; 1 8 s e m e ter hours requ i red- Sp ecial Educarinn 1 0, 290, 398 99, 407. 4 h u rs fr m Spec ial Educ<l­ t ion 296 , 3 90 , 3 93 , 3 95, 3 99, 40 3 , 4 0 8 , 475, 480, 490, 494.

i ndiv idual cogni tive, l i ng u i st i c ,



emotio nal, and

physical development of h rld re n , nd ado les cent in ,\l1d o u t of sc h o o l . COUTS ellperiences provide opp r t u n i t i es to connect develqpmental th eo ry with curre n t pracli e a n d to consider age­ appropriate and pedagogical ly ound approaches 10 foster l ea rner' co n t i n ued 'fOwth. I n itial course in l ementa r y Ed uc at io n certiucati,) n program; p et m i s i o n r quired. ( Conc ur­ re nt w i t h 303. ) (3)

303 Field Observation Observation of tl e deve l o p me n tal natur of growlh in learners in various e n i ngs i nc l udi n g K-8 sch ols. E m p has i s on the de elopment of t he sk i l l s of observat i o n and info r m a l assess­ ment. ( Co ncurrent with 302.) ( l J 32 1

Human Development



ial, i nte llec tual, and physiological development

from infancy th ro u gh adolescence.

A weekly fo ur - h o u r observa­ tion i n the public school is requ i red. ( Ind ividually assigned.) t u d e n t s re o ns i b l e for t h e i r o w n transportatioll . P re r quisitcs: PST' 1 0 1 , EN GL I O t , junior st an ing. 2.50 G PA . ( 2 -4) 322 General Methods - Primary Co mp eten ies w i l l be d v loped for teach ing in grades K-3, w i t h observation and part i c i p a t i o l l in pub lic school�.

2 5 3 r 32 t , 2.50 GPA. (4 )

Prerequ isit


323 General Methods - Upper Elementary Compete n ci es w i l l be developed fo r teach i n g in grades 4-6, with obs.:.r a tion and participation in p u b l i

253 or 32 t , _ .50


hoo b . Prerequisites:

PA. ( 4 )

324 General Methods - Elementary 'ompeten ies will be de e lo p e d for te :lc h i n g in grades K­ Exte nded xperience a n d participation in pul lic school class­ rooms will be provide d. rereqlli�ites: 253 or 32 1 , M TH 3 2 3 , and concurrent enrollment i n courses 325, 3 1 6 , 408, 4 1 0, 4 t 2 . 2.50 GPA. ( 4 )

E D U C A T I O N o m

325 Reading in the Elementary School Tea ci 1 i n g �ding in e l em e:n ta r g ra des, i n c l u d in g modl'm a pp ro ac hes. m a ter i a l , meth ods, tec.hniques, procedures, an I some d i agn o is of reading d i fficulties. Prerc q u i . ites: 322-324 o r oncu rrently w i th 322- 324. 2.50




326 Mathematics in the Elementary School Ba, i mathem. t ica l skills and a b ilit i es needed by t 11e eleme ntary

school teacher. recent developmen ts and m a t eria ls . Prerequi it s: 1 5 3 , MATH


r \!<juivalent. 2. 50 · PA . ( 2 )

341 Philosopby of Vocatiorutl Education Objectives of high school b u s i n ess education progra m , t h e b usi n ess curri . u l um . layout and facilities l a n n ing , t h e evalua­ t io n of b usi n ess teac her and comp tence for business llccupa­ t i o ns . Examination of informati n resources and c u rre nt

Ap p l i c at i o n of rese arc h finding and p ychologica.l p r i n c i p les to lie teach ing of typing. Pre re q u is i te : a dvanc ed l" p i n g . (2)

343 Methods o f Teaching Bookkeeping A pp l i c, tion of rese arc h findi ngs a n d p ycllol ogi c a l p r i n c ip les Lo tlle teaching of bo okkeep i ng. P re re q u isi te : J;USA 28 1 . ( I ) 344 Methods of General Business Subjel:ts A ppl ica tio n o f research fi nd i ng � and p sychologi cal pTinciple to the tea ch i ng of ge n eral b usi n ess, consumer econom ics,

eco n o m i cs , b us i nes law, b u sine s m, thematics, and bu i ness comm unicat ion s subjects. Prerequisites: ECON 1 5 1 - 1 52 and BU A 2 8 1 . ( 1 )

345 Methods of Teaching Secretarial Subjects A p p l i CA t io n of res t:a rch findi ngs and psy h ol ogi al p r i n c i p le s to the te a ching of sho rt ha n d , office pr ac tic e , . imulation, word p rocessi n g , and r IJ.ted subj crs. Prerequisi tes : ad

a.lld adv, need horthand. (:� )


ed typi n g


of fa-'!itating


e mpowerme nt. Opport w. l ities to practice the o p n 3t io n , a p p l ica t ion, and i ntegration o f a va rie ty f current tech nologic i n classrooms w i l l be pro v ided . Prerequisites: EDU 302, 303.



3 5 8 , 406 , 40 8 . ) ( 2 )


and participation in an assigne d p ub l ic hool das ro om. Prer ·q ui ites: ' D C 302, 03. (Concurrent


35 7, 406, 40, . ) ( 1 )

400 Topics i n Elementary Education: Cia sroom Issues and Instructiorutl Skategies Considera tion of current lheory i n to p ractice as pe rt i nent


effective tea r u n g and learni ng, in l u d i n g la sroom man. ge­ me n t, organization of class room environments, and meet ing the needs of d iverse learner::.. ynthesis and app l i , t i o n of content [rom previous an d c u rrent methods cou rses i n c l u d i n g l esson p lan ni ng, role of refl ec tive p ractice, pedagogi al ph i l os op hy and belief systems, and evolving deCi n i L ion of tea c h i n ' and lr<l rn i ng.

E m ph asi s on self-evalu tion. a na lysis, and ritiquc of the development o f p ersonal te.)Cn ing s t re ng th . Prerequ isites: 302, �03, 357, 3 58 , 406 , 4 08 . (Concurrent with 40 I , 4 1O , 4 1 2 . ) (3 )

40 1 Procticum n c.lctended expe rience <md participation i n an a sig n ed p u b l i c

school elas room fo c u s ing on appl ication


i l l be empl yed to expl


i n terac tive c urric ul a [rom an e nvironmental p oi nt of view. Issues

of n ut r i t ion and h ea lt h will a lso be addre sed. Daily and long

range lesson

p lan n i ng and ev alu at io n techniques w Ul be

pmcti ed as lie relate to scie nce/heal t h education . Pre requ i ­ site�:

302, 303, 357, 358, 406, 408. (Co ncurrent w i t h 400, 40 ] ,


3 1 2. )

4 1 2 Social Stndie in K-8 Education Foclls


stud ies

d raw i ng con nect io n s between the content of �ocial

urn ula and u1e

lived experiences of h u man lives.

Course content i n cl udes i n ve ti ga t i on of i

sues re l ated to de moc r at ic values and hel i e & , a live citi zmcy, multicult ural i s m . R l o ba l perspectives, and t h e e rnri ro n rnent. Daily and l o n g range lesson p la n n i n g and e val ua t i o n tec h n i q ues will be p racti ced as they re late to social stud ies educa t i o n . Prerequ isites: 302, 303, 357, 358, 406, 40 . ( Oncurrenl with 400, 40 1 , 4 1 0 . ) ( 3)

42 1 Teachers and the Law

430 Student Teacbing io K-8 Edocati.,n Teachi ng in classrooms of local p u b l ic schools un der the di rect su perv isi o n f cI D ol of Edl! .ation fa cu l t y and L sr t acher. . Prerequi i les: 3 0 2 , 303, 357, 358, 406, 408. ( oncurr n t with

435.) ( 9 )

432 Student Teaching - Upper: Elementary (Single)

358 Practicum I Extended experi.en

f ontent m t h ods

cou rses. I ncludes c o ll ecti o n of video lessons. Prerequis i tes: 302, 303, 357, 358, 406, 408. ( Conc ur ren t with 400, 4 1 0. 4 1 2.) ( l )

m m

n o c ;;0 VI m o

(Con current with 357 , 358, 406.) ( 3 )

A brief study of s tu de n " parent ', a nd teach ers' rights and re­ with 'ome emp has is on th q u estion of l iabil i ty. ( I )

[ medi3 in tod y's s ciety a n d it� a


sponsibili ties

357 Media and Teclmology i n K..s Classrooms

( Concurrent

Lesson pL n n i ng and evaluat io n tec h n iq u es will be practiced they relate to literacy educ at ion . P rere q uis i tes : 302, 303.

prohle m -sol v i ng tcc h n iq ue

342 Methods o f Teaching Typing

Consideration of the role

408 Uteracy in K-8 Education Participation ill the development of ap prop r iate curricular st rategies and instw c t iomll m et hods fo r su p p o rti ng me d i ver s ity of learners' lan guage/l iter,lcy growth. Daily and I ng range

4 1 0 Science/Health i n K-8 Education Strateg ies for t ea c h in g science by using inquiry methods and

t ho ught in b usi n l'ss educ at i on, cooperative edu cat i on, and d is tri b ut ive education. ( 2 )

p o te n t ia l in the l ea r n i n g process as

406 Mathematics in K-8 Education Explorotioll of mathematical pr i n c i p l es and practices consistent with CTM curd ulum �t anda rds. Emphas i . on d m on t rati ng lhe use fu l n ess of math i ll a va r i e t y of real-world c t t in gs and a cross curriculu m areas. Practice in m thodo lo!!y, p l a n n i n g , and a e sment as d vel op men tally 3ppropr iate or l ea rn 'rs. Prerequisites; 3 02, 3 03 . (Concur rent with 357, 358. 408.) (3)

11 ac hing in cia' roo 111 S of local p u b l ic s h(,oL� under the d i rect superv ision o f School of Education fa u lt y a n d lassro m t nch rs. Prereq uisites: E D U 25 1 or 32 1 , 323 or 324, 32 .. , 326, 408 , 4 ] ( ) , 4 1 2, art, m u sic, a n d physical education methods. 2 . 50 PA. 'o ncurrent enro l l ment in 42 . ( I O)

434 Student Teaching - Elementary (Dual) Desi gned [o r p er so n s who do dual st u d en t teach ino. Ten weeks of teaching in cJas, room�

of I cal p u b l i c schools

1 nder

the d i rect

superv ision of Sc h o ol of hducation faculty and classroom

32 1 : 32 2 . 323 , r 324; ,LOd ic, and ph sical ducation Concurren t e n ro l l me n t ill 435. ( 8 )

teach ers. Prerequ isitcs : EDUC 253 or

325, 326, 408, 4 1 0 a n d 4 1 2 . a rt, metllods.

2.50 C PA.


435 Top ics i n Elementary Education Classroom: Practice in the Context of Educational Foundations School-baseu exp e r ie n ce s w i l l be e x p l o red i n the co ntext of the histo rical , soci o- cul tu ra l , p liti . l , lega l, fina nc ia l , thi al, and ph il osophical foundatio ns of edu arion. Student teachi ng

ex peri e nce s w i l l be s h a re d and a n a lyzed to enCOllra"t! rhe Ll nder­ st�Il1d.iJ1g of bwader educat ional issu es. P rereq u isite s: 302, 303, 3 5 7 , jS8, 406, 4 0 8 . (Concu rrent \ ith 430.) ( 3 )

m ;;0 Z G1


436 Alternate Level Student Teaching - Elementary

468 Student Teaching - Secondary

A ourse designed t< give some knowledge, u nderstanding, and

Teaching in public schools under the direc tion of classroom and


university teachers. Prereq uisites: 262, 263, 46 1 , 462; EPSY 26 1 , 3 6 1 ; SPED 3 6 2 ; senior standing; cumulative GPA of 2 . 5 0 or

f children. subject m a tter fields, and materials in the

tuden t's alternate teaching level plus student teaching on that level. Students who have completed secondary preferred level o

student t a hing should enroll in this course. (6)

higher. ( 9 )

473 Parent-Teacher Relationships


437 Alternate Level Student Teaching - Secondary


A course d�signed to give some knowledge, understanding, and

relationships. Emphasis on effective communication skills.


study of children, 'ubject matt r fields, and materials in the

Special education majors and teachers examine relevant p lacement processes and parent needs. ( 2)


student's alternate teaching level plus student teaching on that


lev J St ude nts


student teaching should enroll in this course. Independent study


ho have completed elementary preferred level

card required. ( 6 ) LU LU cc

485 The Gifted Child A study of the gifted child, characteristics and problems, and school procedures designed to further devel opment. G (2)

44X Subject Area Methods I nst rucr i onal strategi es, long and short range plann ing, curricu­ lum and other co nsiderations specific to the discipli nes. Prerequisites: 2 2, 263, EPSY 26 1 , 3 6 1 ,


Issues and skills important in conferencing and parent-teacher

SPED 362

496 Laboratory Workshop Practical course using elementary-age children in a classroom s i tuation working out specific p roblems; provision will be made for some active participation of the u n i versity students. Prereq­

440 Art in the Secondary School ( 3 )

uisites: conference with the instructor o r the dean o f the School

444 Engllih in the Secondary School (3)

of Education.

445 Foreign Languages i n the Secondary School ( 3 )

497 Special Project

446 Mathematics In the Secondary School ( 3 ) 44 7 Science i n the Secondary School (3) 448 Social Studies In the Secondary School (3) 449 Computer Science in the Secondary School ( 2 ) 456 Storytelling

Prerequisite: consent o f the dea n . ( 1 -4)

501 Workshops Graduate workshops in special fields for varying lengths of time.

( 1 -4 )

A com b i n a tion of discovery and practicum in the art of story­ telling. I nvestigates t he values and hackground of storytelling,

the various types of and fo rms of stories, techniques o f choos ing and of telling stories.

Individual study and research on education problems or additional laboratory experience in public school classrooms.

ome o ff-campus practice. Demonstrations

and joint storytelling by and with instructor.


457 The Arts, Media, and Technology Students use a variety of techn iques, equipment, a nd materials to explore ways of seeing and expres.s i ng how they see and experi­ en e their environment. Exploration of ways to incorporate these

tech niques i n to the classroo m.

om puters, video cameras, book­

produ tion, models, an imation, cartoons, photography, and

503 On-Campus Workshops in Education O n -campus graduate workshops in education for varying lengths o f time; enrollment subject to adviser's approval.

505 Issues in Literacy Education Initial course required fo r all students i n the master's program i n li teracy educ ation. Overview o f h istorical and current theo ry, practice, definitions, a n d research in language and literacy acquisition a nd development in and out of schools. D i scussion of p ssibilities for program involvement, projects, goals, and collaboration. Required of any track option selected. ( 2 )

posters, along with the s ta nda rd fare o f tape recorders, slide

506 Foundations o f School Library Media Center

shows, movies, film strips, and overheads are manipulated as


media to express a view o f the world creatively. ( 2 )

46 1 General Teaching Methods - Secondary Skills and under tandings related to deci ion-making, instruc­ tional techniques, evaluation and testing, classroom manage­ ment, and discip l i n e. Prerequ isites: 262, 263; concurrent w i th

462. ( 3 )

462 Teacher Assisting - Secondary G u ided ins t ru ctional assista nce and tutoring in schools; con tlnent with 46 1 . ( 1 )

466 Sludent Teaching - Secondary ( D ual) Designed for persons who do dual student teaching. Te n weeks of teaching in the public schools u nder the direction and super­ vision of classroom and u n iversity teachers. Prerequisites: 262,

46 1 , and EPSY 3 6 1 . 2.50 GPA. May be taken concurrently with 467. ( ) 467 Evaluation Evaluation of school experiences; problems in connection with devel opment, organization . and admin istration of te ts (stan­ dardized and teacher- made ) . Required o f fifth-year students. Prerequ is ites: student teaching or tcaching xperience; 262, 253,

EPSY 3 6 1 . May be taken concurrently with student teaching. G (2)

Functions of the school Library media center with part icular emphasis on the roles and responsibilities of the school library media spec ialist within instructional and administrative arenas. The taxonomies of school lib rary media center management including the planning, del ivery, and evaluation o f programs. ( 2 )

507 Principles o f Information Organization, Retrieval,

and Service Exploration of a broad range of data and i n formation in primary and secondary sources, including document, bibl iography, full­ text, statistical, visnal, and recorded formats. Access p o i n ts and strategies for effective i n formation retrieval in print, media, and electronic resources. I n formation interviewing techniques, instructional strategies for library media center i n formation resources, and local, regional, and national i n formation networks. (2)

508 Principles of Bibliographic Analysis and Control The orga n ization and strllcture of a broad range of information formats with an emphasis on tlle analysis o f standard b i blio­ graphic components prescribed by nati onal bibliographic databases. Techniques to construct bibliographic records using national stand ards, inclu d i n g MARC ( Mach ine Readable Cataloging), AACR2 (Anglo-American Cataloging Rules, Second Edition), and the Dewey Decimal Classification System. The selection, generation of data, and maintenance of electronic b i bliographic database systems. ( 2 )

E D U C A T I O N o m


509 Foundations of CoUection Development Th e p h il os op h ica l ba es and parameters of collection develop­ me n t in the $ ch oo l l i b r a ry media center. TechrllqUl'. for comm u­ n ity a n a l ys i s, collection evaluation, and collection m ai n te na nce. B i bl i o g ra p h ic resou rces for sele lion of materials w i t h sp ecia l I: m pha si s on the cri t e ri a for evaluation of p ri nt , media, and e lec t r on i c formats. The acquisition p rocess fo r instructional materials in t h e K- 1 2 sys t e m . A major c m ph a . i is the an a l ys i s of a school l i b ra ry media cen te r's s u pp o r t of school/district curricular go a ls and objectives. ( 2 ) 510 The Acquisition and Deve10pment o f Language and Literacy

of how young children acquire their fus t l a n gu a g e and what they kno ,s a result of th is l e arnin g. Emphasis o n the relationships among me a n ing, function, and form in l ang ua ge a cq uisition as well as the rel at i onsh i ps between c og n i t i o n a nd l an gu age and their p ar a llels to li t er acy acqui s i ti on . The basis fo r promoting a school environment that maximizes l a n g u age learn­ ing/teaching p o te n tial. Prerequisite: Literacy Foundati ns. (2) [nvestigation

529 Adolescent Literature in the Secondary Curriculum Gen res in ado l es cent l itera ture a n d e xp lora t ion of s t ra t e g ies fo r i n t eg r a t i on of young adult materials across the middle and se co n d a ry s h o ol curriculum. Current issues and trends in adolescent literatu re and pro fess i o n al resources available for t e a ch ers and li b r a r y m ed ia s p eci al i st s to evaluate and s el e c t app ro p ri a te literature.. Tec h niq ues fo r i n t ro d uc i n g adolescent literat ure into t h e cl a s s ro o m a n d l i b ra ry media center. ( 2 ) 530 ChUdren's Writing Cu rrent t he o ry and p ractice In the te a c h i ng and learning o f w r i t i ng i n el e m en ta ry class ro om s . I mpl em e n tat io n s tr a t e gi e s , including the importance of models and demonstration, the p l a ce of talk and d ialo gu e in the teachi ngllearning pr o c e ss , the usc o f con ferencing and response, a p p r op r i a te d e ve lop m e n tal spelling expectations, the role of chi.ldren's l i ter a t u re , a nd w ri t i n g across the curriculum. Particular em p h a s i s on a pro cess a p p ro ac h and the s et t i ng up of a Wr i ti ng Wo rkshop based on current research. ( 2 ) 5 3 7 Media and Technology fo.r School Library Media

5 1 1 Strategies for Language/Literacy Development in



The m a n a ge m en t of

The d ve l o p men t a l nature of l i te ra cy

learning w ith em p hasi s o n t h e vital role of l a n g ua ge and the interrelatedness and interde­ p en den c e of li s t e.n i n g , s p e a k i n g , rea d i ng, and w r i t i n g as l a n guage p roce sse s. Em ph a s is on d e vel o pi n g strategies for p u t ti n g an understand. i ng of l a n g uage acquisition and devel op men r into e ffec t i e cl a ss ro o m practices that will promote co n ti n u al , successful tea ch i n g a nd le�J.[ n i n g. Focus on stages of literacy development i n read i ng and writing th ro ugh the e l eme n t ary gr a des . Prerequisite: 5 1 0. (2)

5 1 3 Lan guage/Literacy Development: Assessment and Instruction

variety of strategies and tools fo r student ' d evelo p men t in re adin g , writing, l i s te n i ng, and s p ea k i n g . Em p h as is on a broad ra n ge of p os s ibil i t ie s i n a ss e ss me n t , evaluation, d iagno si s , and instruc­ t i o n a l im p le m e n ta t i o n . To p i cs includ an overview o f test ing resources 'lI 1 d their app rop r i a t e use, the use o f p o r t fol io s, techniques for observa tions/ane dotal records, experiences with m i s c ue a nalys i s, and the t eac hi ng and learn i ng o f appropriate i n tervention s tr ategi e s to pr om o te the d eve l o pm e nt of readers and writers at a ll levels. The major cour e project includes a sessing a render, developing a profile of a p p ro p r i a t e reading s t ra te g i e s, and des i g nin g and im p le m e nt i n g an instructi nal p l a n to help the reader develop e ffective, efficient reading 5trategies. Prerequisit ': 5 1 0; highly recommended to be taken at t h e end o f t he tTa k seq ue n ce . ( 4 ) Understanding of a wide

asse ss in g a nd fac i l it a t i n g

5 1 5 Profe sional Seminar; Continuing Level, Teachers The preparation and sha of selected top ic s related to t h e minimum generi s t a n da rd s needs of the individual par ticipants. Requ ired for the continuing level certification of te a c h e rs . (2) 516 Teacher Supervision develo p me n t of supervisory skills fo r te ac he rs who work w i th ot her a du l ts in t h e classroom. Supervision o f student t e a c h ers, cons u l tants and resource sp ec i a l is t s , paren t volunteers, classified aides, and peer and c ros s-age tutors. ( I ) Identification and

528 Children's literature in K-8 Curriculum I n ves ti g a t i o n of genre of contemporary ch i l d r en 's literature and d e ve l o pm e n t o f a pe rs on a l reper toire for e l a s room u s e . urrent issues and trends i n child ren's literature a nd pro fessi o n al resources available [o r teachers dnd library media specialists to evaluate and select appropriate literature. Possibilities fo r the i ntegration of l i t er a tur e as c u rr ic u l ar text to nhance/extend K-8 urriculum. S t ra tegies include the use of l i ter ature cirel s, writing, a nd fiction and non-fiction in the co n t e n t areas. Tech­ niq ues for i n troduci ng children's literature into t h e c lass room a n d lib r ar y media center. ( 2 )

media and tech n olog y services in the school library media cen te r, the function a nd op era t i o n of media eq u ip ­ ment and materials used in school lib rary media cen te rs , and the trends and issues invo l ved in media and technology. Spec ia l emphasis on emergil1g t ec hnol og i e s used in K - I 2 in s t r u c t i o na l programs ( C D - ROM, interactive video, distance le a rn in g , co m p u te r tec h n olo g i es ) . ( 2 ) 538 Strategies fOT Whole Literacy Instruction (K- 1 2) The use of l a n g u a ge as a tool for learning across the curriculum, and the roles of l an gu age i n a l l kinds o f tea c h ing and lea rn i n g in K - I 2 c l assroom . lrategies for readi ng/writing i n content areas, thematic teaching, t opi c s tu dy, and i n t eg rati n g curriculum. The concept of i n formation li t e r a c y and models of i n s tru c t ion with emphasis on Wash i n g to n State Information Skills Cu r r ic u l u m Models. (2) 544 Research and Program l!valuation K now'l ed g e of eva.l ua t i o l 1 techniques, i n cl udi n g p o r t fo l io s, and of research design; a b i l ity to interpret educational research; to i d en t ify, locate, and acquire typic a l research and related litera­ ture.; to usc the res u l ts of research or ev a l u a t io n to propose program changes and w ri t e grants. ( 2 ) 545 Methods and Technique of Research

Seminar in research methods a nd t e c h niqu es in education with em p hasis on des i gn i n g a research p roject in the student's area of interest. Required fo r M .A. Pre re uisites: dmission to t h e gradu a te program; 544; minimum of 24 s emes te r hou rs of coursework leading to the M . A.; consultation wi t h student's advist'r. ( 2 ) 550 Educational Administrative Theory Introduction to the role and fu nction of the p ri n c ip al sh i p with emphasis o n team building and in t� rpe rs o n a l p ro fess i o n a l

re la ti o n sh ip s and ethi al decision-malting. Prerequisite: Admission to the g rad u a te program or p e rmi ss i o n of gr a d u a t e adviser. ( 3 ) 551 Educational Law S tudy o f con t em p o r ary

federal, state, and local statutes, to p ublic and p ri vate schools (K- I 2 ) . Prerequis itE's: Admission to the g r a du a te program; 544. ( 2 ) re gu l a t ions, and case l aw and their a p p l i c a t i o n

552 School Finance Local, state, and federal co ntributors to school fi nance, its phil o ·ophy and development; the de ve l op m e n t and administra­ tion of a s hool b u d get. Pre re q uis i tes : Admission to the gra d u at e program; 544. ( 2 )

m m

!1 o c


o m

z Cl

E D U C A T I O N ,/)

W L1-

o UJ.

553 SchoolJCommunity Relations

587 History o f Education

K n ow ledge and skill d e ve l opm e n t for co mmun ication patterns

A study of grea t men and women whose lives a n d w ri t i n gs h ave

in the c hou l s etti ng a n d with a ss oc i a te d agencies, including

sh a p e d and c o n t i nu e to s h a p e the ch a ra cter of American ed u c at i o n . Emp h as i s on t ra c i n g the interdisciplinary a n d d i ve rs e an tecedents of American education. (3)

medical, legal, and . 0 lal s e rv i c es , as well as with students, parent , and s t ,. fI Prerequis ite: Ad m i s s io n


the g ra duate

program. (3)

589 Philosophy o f Education

554 Seminar i n Educational Admi nistration The p re p a rat i o n and � h ar i n g of selected p res e n t a t i o n s related to needs of i n di v idu I p a r t i c i pa nt s . Req u i re d for continuing certi­ fi ca t i o n of principals and program administrators. Re gi s t r a ti on mu t take p l a ce in t11 fa ll semester and participation w i l l be

Types of curriculum o rg a ni z a t i ns, pro gra m s and techniques o f

5 90 Graduate Seminar A workshop fo r all Master of Arts c a nd i date s i n the School of Education which p rov i des a for u m fo r exchange of research i d ea s and prohlems; ca nd i d a t es should re gi s t e r fo r t h i s seminar for ass ist a n ce in fu l fi ll i n g re q u i rements. No c red i t is giv e n , nor is

curriculum deVelopment. Pr re q u is i t es : Admissions

tuition asse -sed.

contin uo us fo r the

academic year. ( 2 )

555 Curriculum Development w u.J



Ph ilosophical and theoretical fo un dations of Ame ri ca n educa­ t i o n as wel l as the social p h i l o s op h y of g ro w in g diverse popula­ tions in the K- 1 2 s c h o ols . ( 3 )

ual p ro g ra m ,

544. ( 2 )

t o t h e grad­

556 Secondary and Middle School Curriculum A variety f facets of secondary a nd middle school p ro g ra m s : fi na nce, cu rricuJum, d i s ci p l i l1 , val u a tion, cia · ' roo m manage­ ment, the b asic e du cat io n bill, l eg i s l a t i ve changes, and sp ec i a l educat io n. Develo p men t o f secon da ry and m iddle schools from their begin nings to lhe present. C r i t ica l issues i n the education

cene tod ay. ( 3 ) 558 lnstrnctiona1 Supervision D ifferentiated mo d el� of s uper v i ion, i n cl u d i n g tech n iq u es in cl inical su p erv ision, tea ch er evaluation, djsciplinary act i o n and d i s m issal. Prc.requ isites: Adm ission to the graduate program,

544 550, 553 . ( 2 ) 559 Personnel Manqgement K nowledge and skill development in working with pe rs o n n e l

595 Internship in Educational Administration S tud e n ts

\ ill regi ' t er for 2 s em es t .r hours iJ1 ea c h of two semesters. I n te r n s h i p in educational admi n istration joi n t l y p l a nne d a n d su p er vi sed by the School of Education and public and/or p r i v a t e school Jdrni n i s t ra tors in full compliance with s tate re q u i rem en t s . Prerequisites: A d m i ss i on to the gr adu a t e program or to the c re d e n t i a l i n g progra m; co m p let i o n o f educational adm inistration concentration; con s u l tati o n with adviser.

(2, 2 )

596 Graduate Seminar S t u de n ts reg i st e r fo r 1 se mester hour in each of two semesters. Profe ss i on a l seminars are scheduled and p re s en t e d by ca n d i ­

dates, their u n ive rs i ty p r o fes s o rs, and p ro fess i o n a l colleagues in t h e s c h oo l s i n p ar t n e r sh i p . P re re q u is i t es : o m p l eti on o f coursework in ed uc at i o n al a d m inistration concentration. (2)

issues , inc! u di llg legal p r i n c ip l e s in h i r i n g , firing, i n -ser vi ce and staff de e!opment, tt p p o rt services, and contract n egot i at i o n . Prerequisites: Adm iss i on tu the graduate program, 544, C 0, 5 5 3 . ( 3)

597 Independent Study Proj ect s of v a r y i ng length related t o educational issues o r co n c e rn s o f t h e individuaJ p a r t i ci p a n t and approved by a n approp riate fa c u l t y m e m b e r a n d the de a n . ( 1 -4)

562 Schools and Society Individual and cooperative study of the socio-cult u ral and c ultural, p o l i t i c a l , l egal, historical, a n d p h i l o so ph i ca l fo unda­ t i ons of current pr acti c es of c h o o l i ng in America. E mp h a s is on t h e cu rrent status f sc h o o l s and the e va l ua t i on of t h e i r past, presen t, and fut u re. P re re qu i s i te: d m i ss i on to the MA/Cert Program or co n se n t of i n s t r uc to r. ( 3 )

598 Studies in Education

563 Integrating Se.minar Students work co o p era t i 'ely and i n d i v id u a l ly to i n t e g ra te educa­ tion cou rsew rk, field e xper i en ce , ' nd individua.l p er spec tive throughout the MA/Cert program. Focus on current i s s ues in­ cl u d i ng child abu�e, multicultural and d i v e rse populations, l a w,

teacher collabora tion. Pre requisi te: Admission to the MA/ ee r t program. ( I ) 568 Internship in Teaching Internship in classroom s e t t i ng s. Fourteen weeks o f tea - h ing

under the direct u p e rv i s ion f co op erat i n g teachers and u n i ersi ty u p e rv iso rs. es i g n e d for stu d e n ts in t h e MA/Cert p ro gr a m. (6)

585 Comparative Education Comparison

nd invest igation of materials Jnd c u l t ural systems

of edu ca t io n t h rough Qut the world. E m p ha s i s on a p p ly i n g

kn wledge for g rea te r underst anding of the diverse pop u l a t i o ns i n the K- J 2 ed ucat iona l ystem. ( 3 ) 586 Sociology o f Educadon

Viewi ng th' due ti nal syskm as a complex nd c h a nging social institution. mphasis 0 1 1 va l u e orientations from diverse ll a m a n p op u l at i ons and their impact on K- 1 2 e d u cati o n a n d educa t i o n al issues. (3)

A rese a rc h paper

r project on an e d u cati o n a l issue selected

j o i n tl y by the student an d the g r a d u a te adviser. Prerequ isites:

Admission to the graduate p ro gram ; 544, 545; m i nimum of 26 hours o f co u rse wo r k l e a d i n g to the M.A.; c o n s u lta t i o n with the student's adviser. ( 2 ) 5 99 Thesis

The thesis p r ob l em will be chosen fro m the candidate's major field of concentration and m ust be app roved by the ca n d i d ate 's gr a d u a te commit tee. Candi lates are ex p ect e d to defend their thesis in a finJI oral e xa m i n a ti o n conducted by t h e i r committee.

( 3-4)

Educational Psychology 26 1 Human Relations Development St u dy a n d l ab o ra to r y experience in the d e velop m e nt of h u ma n relat ions s kills , especially the core skills o f hel p i ng needed t o fa ci l i t at e problem-solving and personal academic "fo\\'th. P rere q u i s i t e s : _llG 1 0 1 , PSYC 1 0 1 , test scores, s o p ho m o re s t a nd i n g, cumu lative GPA of 2.50. ( 3 ) 36 1 Psychology for Teaching

PrIncip les and research in human de vel o p me n t and le a r n in g , es p e c i a l l y r e lated to t ea c h i l l g and to the ps 'chological growth, re la ti o n s h i ps , and a dj u s t men t of individual . P re re quisi te s: EDUC 262, 263; EPSY 26 1 . ( 3 ) 368 Educational Psychology

Principles and research in human learning and thei r i m p l i ca ti o ns for c u rr ic u l u m and i n s t ru c t io n . Prerequ isites: EDUC 2 5 1 , 2 5 3 .


E D U C A T I O N o rn

501 Workshops J radua e work hops in sp ec i a l fi elds for va ryi ng lengths of t i me.

( 1 -4) 5 1 2 Group Process and the Indiyjdual .A bUfllJn i n t e ra c t i o n laboratory to facilitate the exp l o r a t io n of the se l f con cept th ro ug h the mechanisms.of interpersonal i n teractions and feed bac k . Emphasis placed all [he J c q u i s i t i o n of s k i l l i n self-exploration, role id en t i fi ca t i o n , and climate-making.

G (2) 535 Foundations o f Guidance The oeus is on develop i n g ;tn u nder t a n d i n g M t he . rvi es and p roces es available to assist i n dividuals in making pla ns and d ec is i o n s a co rd i n g to their own l i fe p a t t e r n . , (4)

570 Fieldwork in Counseling and Guidance A culm inating p nlct iCl.lI'n of field exper i en ce in schools o r agencies u si ng h e o r y, skills, a n d techn iques p re v iolls l y lear ned. A va ri e ty of work exp e r ien ces w i t h both indi i du als and g ro u p s . Stud e n ts incorporat cons ulw tion exp · ri e n fo l low ing t he Ad l e r i a n model.


575 Mental Health I3a 'i c m e n t a l healLh pri n c i ple as related to i nterpersonal relat ionsh ips. oc us on sel f- u nde rstan d ing. Laboratory experi ­ ences


578 Behavioral. Problems Adlerian co ncep t s provide the basis for observation) motiv a t i o n , modification, a n d l i fe s t yle as �ss ment. Sk ills for assist in g p eopl e in developing responsib i l i t y for their 01'\111 behavior. L abo ra t o r ex pe r ie nce as arranged. ( 4 ) The chara ted ·tics of xcepti o nal stude n ts and the co u n sel or's

exper i e n ce as arranged. G ( 2 )

ro le in de a ling with a

555 Pract:icum In addition to t h o se s kills lea rned in B eg i n n i n ' Practicum, learn and practic va riou counsel ing approaches, skill s aDd tech­ n i q u es with individuals frol11 d i ve rse populations in co m m u n i t y or various sc h o ol settings. I n add i ti on to university fa c u l ty, there w i ll be on- site supervision by co u n s e lo rs . Prerequ isites: E P S Y 550 a n d 5 1 . ( 3 )

5 60 SecondllrY Smool Practicum Guided i l15 t r uc t i o n a l assistance a n d t u to r i n g i n s ch oo l s ;

583 Current Issue in Exceptionality

variet)! of p robl ems t h ey may I a c. Lea rn i. ng di abilit ie , m ot i ona l pro blems , physic, I p r o b l e ms ,

and the g ifte d st udent. . G

( 2·.j )

597 lodependent tudy Projects of varyi ng I ngth rel a ted to educational i s \\es or co n cern s of the in d i v i du a l p articipant and appro ved by an app r op r i a te facu l t)! member and the dea n . ( J -4 ) 598 Studies in Education A r search p a per or p roje ct on an educa tional i

slie selected j o i n t l y by the ·tudent , nd lh� gratluate advi er. [t will be r viewed by the stu de nt\ gra du a te co mmittee. ( 2 )

5 99 Thesis

The thesi s problem w i l l b cho en from t.he c a nd i d a te' � major field of co n ce n tr a t i o Jl and must be appro ed by t h e ca nd idate's graduate commi ttee. Ca n d i d a t are e:.. -pecte d to defend their t h � is in a final o ral ex ,l m i natio n condu ted b y L heir committee.


concu rre n t with 4 6 1 . D es i g n ed fo r t h e MA/Cert program. ( I )

56 1 Basic Relationships in Counseling A s tu dy of the theory, proce

, techniqu es, and characteristics of

the cou n se l in g rel a t i o n s h i p . A basic co urse


for M.A.

stude n t s in

o u nse l i ng amj G u id a nc e p rogra m. ( 4 )

563 Practicum in Group Process and Leadership

A h uman i n teraction l aboratory which expl o res int rpersonal o pe ra t io ns in groups and fa c i l i ta t e the devel pment ( f . elf­ i n s i g h t ; emphasis on leaders hip and d evel o p men t of ski l l in diagno ing i nd i v i d u a l , group, and o rganiza t ionnl b e h av i o r patterns and i n fluences. S t u d e n ts will co- faci l itate a labor tory gro u p . Prereq u isite: E P SY S l 2 . ( 2 )

565 Advanced Human Development A c o m p a r a t i ve study of human developmeIlt at various levels through o bs e rv a ti on a l assessmen . using non -standardized i n st ru m en t s: e.g., s o ci o me t r i c ales, a u to b io graphies, interviel s, interaction a na lys i s, and o t her appropriate measurements. A pr a cti c u m ( a m inimum o f one h o u r each week) is rC 4uired in a s ch o o l or a p p ro p r ia t e agen cy. P rerequisite: Fifth year or g ra du at e status. ( 4 ) 566 Advanced Cognition) Development, and Learning The study of p r i n cip l es and current thought a n d research i n cogn i tion, developmen t, and learning. pplication to the o rga n i za t i on , p l a.n n ing , and de l iver y of instruction. Pre re q u isi te: Admission to the MAl ert program o r consen t of i n str u c t or. ( 3 ) 569 Career Guidance

A study of careers, the o ri es of choice, a n d gui d ance te c h n iq u es . (4)


(') o c

arran aed. ( 4 )

536 Affective Classroom Techniques E x p l o ration o f va r i o u s techn. iques designed to fa c il i ta te under­ standing of self and ot hers; methods for wo rk i n g with s t u de n t s . Prerequ �ite: s t ude n t t e a c h i n g or g ra d u a te status. Laborato ry 550 Beginning Practicu:m Learn and p r act ice t h e basic coun el i n g k i l l in , s t r uc t u re d and cI ely � up cr vi s e d envi ro nmen t. Learn t h ro ugh ro le-plays, o bs e r­ vation, cou nsel ing cl i e n ts and feedback via p eers , in st Tuct o r, cl i e n t s , t ranscriptions, audio a n d v i deo tap s. Cl ie n t s us d in th is practicum \ ill be re l a t i vely h i g h fun c t i o n i n g and w i l l usu al l y be ecn in an obse r va t io n room. ( 3 )

:;u rn

Special Education 1 90 Exceptional Children and Adul1s IntmduC lioLl to the needs a nd clla ractc ris lics of excep tiona l ch ildren a n d d u lts. Federa .l a n d state l e g isla t io n , rurr nt issues) and prac ices ( f ot'l i ve ri n g serv ic�s to i n d i Iduals with disab i l i ­ ties. Prerequ is i te for a l l special educa t i o n coursework. Requ ired

for all elem entary ed ucation m'ljors . ( 3 ) 191 Observation in Special Education Observation in specia l edu catio n s et t i n gs in u1e local area. ( I )

200 lodividuals with Special Needs Introduction to th need a n d characteri tic. of i nd i v i d (Jals witb spechll needs. Federal and state legislation, carrent i ss ues, a n d s e r v i e d e l i e ' syste ms wi l l be iJ Iud d. Pr re qu isi t f r all SPED and E l e m e n tary ertifie, t io n cou rsework. ( 2 ) 290 Introduction to Learning Disabilities Overv iew of the field of lea rn i n g disabilitic:" inc l u d i n.g co n ce pts, assessment and i nslru lional pr�l t ic e. . Pr requis i te: EDUC 25.3 or EPSY 26 11EDUC 262 o r consent of iru.tru tor. (3) 296 Educating the Physically Challenged and Medically Fragile The cour e focuses on meeti n " t h e psychological, soc i a l , a n d educational needs of i nd iv id uals w h o are pl1ysi ally Lhallcnged an d}or medical1y fra 'ile. An o ve rv iew of the most common m e d i c a l p rob lems a n d necessary modi. fication o f c u r r ic u J u m a n d i ns t r u c ti o nal techniq(Jes. (2 )


o ..,., ..,., m

z Cl


ISITE POR 300/400 LEVEL SPE ,1AL EDll ATl ON : EDlJ ' 302 or EP SY 26 l 1 ED C 262 or consent of in lru ctor. Studen not majoring in ed ucat io n may be exc us e d from this req u i re m en t.




V) oc :::l o U


and the

legal a n d p rofess ional responsibilit ies of the e d u ­ ethods fo r teaching personal safety will be a d d r sset'!o ( 1 )

melhods fo r working effect i ve ly with ex(c pt ional le arn rs i n

485 The Gifted Child

regu l ar class rooms.

A st u dy of the gift d ka rn er's characteristics and needs. Focus on


instructional pro ce du res designed to fu rther de v elo p m en t .

390 Introduction to Developmental Disabilities study of the emotio nal, social, p h ysica l , and mental


isti s o i ndiv iduals with developmental disabilities, i n cl ud i n g

methods or a:


si ng and teaching from medical, p ychological,

of v i ew. ( 3 )

393 Introduction t o Behavior Disorders Examination of c u r rent p rob l em , and i Slles


t bey rel at e



in str uction and management of learners with b havior disorders.


and adolescents. Includes identification and re portin g proce­ du res,

362 Teaching for Individual Differences - Secondary Curric u l u m mod i fication and teaching and man a ge ment

social, and educaLional points w

480 Issues in Child Abuse and Neglect Scope and p ro blem s of child ab u se , n egl e ct , and fam i ly violence, i nclu d i n g behaviors exhibited by abused and neglected ch i l d ren

i n cludes tudy of b ehavi o r a l and academic characteristics of tbis p o p ul a t i o n . (3)

395 Introduction t o Language Development and Disorders I n t rodu tion to l a n g u a g e diso rders, asses m e n t , and i n terven ­ tion. Focus on th eor i es ot l anguage development and normal language a cqu i si ti o n . (2) 398 Assessment in Special and Remedial Education Study of a variety of i n formal and formal a ssessm e n t tests and pr .e d u res. C u r r i c ul u m - b ase d assessments, systematic class­ room

observation, n orm - r f, re n ce d test , task analysis, and

r i ter ion- referenced tests and p ro ed u Tes are examined. fncludes the role o f a ss e s sme n t i n e l i gi b i l i ty and program p la n n i n g .


Exp erience with children alld yo uth who have p ec i H I needs. 1 hour credit given a ft 1" s uc ces ful co mplet i o n o f 45 clock hours and specific course c o m pet e n c i es . Prerequisite: SPED 290 or con ent of i n�tructor. ( 1 -2 )

403 Parent/Professional Partnership i n Spedal Education Methods fo r communicating effectively with p a rents of special n eeds children. (2)

407 Curriculum and Instruction fod.earners with Special Needs



on teaching aC<ldem ic, social, and ad a p t ive skills to

l ea rners with pe ial needs . I ncl udes writing individual educa­ ti on pla ns, da t a based i nstruction, tas k an a lys i s , and i nstruc­ tional sequen ing, Prerequisites: eneral Methods, SPED 290, or co nsen t of iI'll tructor. ( 4)

408 Career and Vocational Edllcation for Students with Special Needs


on career ed ucation curricula, assessment, l i fe

adj u stm ent,

and v oca ti o n a l instruction fo r learners with speci al needs.



ommu nity t ra ns i t i o n

490 Early Learning Experiences for Special Needs Children I m p l i c at i ons of normal and atyp ical c h i ld d eve l op m ent fo r the learning process. ( 2 ) 492 Methods o f Teaching Early Childhood Spedal Education Ea rl y childhood methods, materials, cu rriculum, and tech niques fo r te a c h i n g children with spe cia l needs. Prerequ isi te: SPED 490 or consent of i nstructor.

programs, su pervised work and

l iv in g arrangements, and a ssess me nt of occupational ski l ls. ( 2 )

438 Student Teaching i n Elementary Special Education 1eaching in specia l educ, tion programs u nder the direction and

super isi o n of school and u niversity personneL 8 we eks . Prerequ i si t : consent of i nstructor, (6)

439 Student Teaching i n Secondary Special Education


494 Compute.r AppUcation In Special Edncadon An i n t roduction into the appli ation of computer te c h n ol o g y for learners with special needs. Focu

on current issues and uses of

computer tech n o l ogy including co m p u t er assist d i nstru ction, so ftware eva l u a tion , p u p i l and data manage m ent , and assi s t ive

devices. (2) 499 Teaching for Individual Differences - Eleme ntary Des ig n ed to give pre - se .rvice teachers skills and k n owle d ge i n the areas of asse sment, instructi on, and management of lea rners

with spe c ia l needs. Prerequisite: 200. ( 2 )

50 1 Off-Campus Workshops in Special Education ff-campus graduate workshops i n special education fo r v a ry i n g

lengths of time.

399 Practicum in Spedal Education


( 1 -4 )

503 On-Campus Wooohops in Special Education On -ca mp u s graduate works ho p s in pecial e d uc at i on fo r varying l e n gth s of time. ( 1 -4) 513 Language/Ute.racy Development: Assessment and lnstrllction See Education

5 1 3.

520 Teaching Spedal Needs Students in ElementaTY Programs In tToduction and o ve r view of se r v ic e s for special ne e ds students in ele me n ta ry programs. Includes proced u ral anJ substan tive le ga l i!>sues in speci a l education, p rogram modi fication, and classroom management . ( 2 )

521 Teaching Special Needs Students In Seconda.ry Programs I ntroducti on and overview of services for special needs students in sec ondary programs. I nc ludes pro edural an d subs t a n ti ve

l e g al issues in spec ial ed ucat i on , program modit'ication, clas room rnanageme.nt. (2)


522 The Role of Health Professional. in Special Education T h is cou rse i n t roduces health p rofess i on a ls in the school to learner wit h p eci a l needs, To pics include roles of parents as weI! as medical concerns, e ar ly interven t ion, tea m ing , substance a b use, and suicide prevention. (3)

523 Educational Procedures fO T Students with Learning Disabllides Des i g ned for students i n the Master of Arts of Education: Class­

Teaching in special education programs u n der the di re cti on and sup rvision of school and u n iversity pers o n n eL 8 wee ks . Prerequisite: co n sen t of i ns t r u cto r. ( 6 )

concepts in characteristics, assessment , and instructi onal

475 Supervising Para-Professionals and VoJllDteers

pract ices. P re r equ isi te: Admi sion to the tvl A/Cerr program. (3)

Em p hasi s on th vo lunteers in t h e

e ffec tive munagement of para-professionals and

classroom. ( l )

room Teach ing - ·e r t i ficat ion. An i n troduction into.teach ing procedures fo r students with le a r n i ng disab il i t i es. Includes

E D U C A T I O N o

524 Educational Procedures for Students with Developmental Disabilities

Designed for s t u de nts i n t h e Master of A rt s in Education: Class­

room Te aching - .ertification. An examination of the emo­ tional, s o c i a l . ph ys ic a l , a n d me n ta l characteristics o f individuals with developmental disabili ties. Includes asse sment an d instruc­ tion fr m medical, psychological, social, and educational view­ poi n ts . Prerequisite: A dm i ss i o n to the MAICert program. ( 3 )

525 Procedures fo r Students with Behavior Disorders De'i 'ned for students i n the M as ter of Arts in Educatio n: Class­ room Tea ch i ng - Certi fication. An exa m i na t i o n of i nst ru t i o n al a nd ma n ag em en t pr o ce d u res fo r learners with behavior d i s orders. Includes s t u d y of a ca demi c anel behavioral character­ istics of these students. Prerequ.isite: Adm i s s i on to the MAleert program. (3) 530 Current Issues in Assessment Current issues i n the u - e of as essmen t i n fo rm ation for making ed u c a t i on al decisions about students. P rerequ isite: SPED 398 or conse nt of i n st r uctor. ( 2 ) 53 1 Severe and Profound Disabilities Introduction to the physica l , soci a l , and ed u c a ti on needs of indiv i d ua l s with severe and profo u n d disabilit ie .(2) 532 Education and Training of Individuals with Severe and Profound Disabilities I n -d ep t h study of e d u c at i o n al pre sc r i p ti on and pro g r am mi n g for learners who are severely and pr o fou n d l y d i s a bl ed. Emp ha s i s on t e ac hi n g str at egie s and c u r r i c u l u m modifi cation as they apply to this po p u la ti o n. ( 2 )


533 Current Issues in Developmental Disabilities urrent issues rebled to t h e education of i n d ividuals with dev e l op me n ta l disabilities. Prerequisite: SPED 390 or con s e n t of instructor. ( 2 ) 534 Current Issues i n Behavior Disorders Current issues rel a t ed to the education of individuals w i th behavior disorders. Prerequisite: SPED 393 or consent o f i n tructor. ( 2 ) 535 Current Issues in Learning Disabilities Current iss ues related to the ed u c a t io n of i n d i v i du al s with learning disabilities. Prereql l is i te. SPED 290 or c on s e n t of

instructor. (2) 537 Current Issues in Language .Disorders u rrent issues and a p p ro a ch es in assessing and remedia ting children with language disorders. Prerequisite: S PED 395 o r consent o f instructor. (2) -

538 Current J sues in Early Childhood Special Ed ucation u r re nt issues rel a te d to y o u ng ch ild ren wi t h s p ec ia l needs. Prerequis ite: SPED 490 or co nsent of i nstructor. ( 2 ) 539 Administration o f Early Childhood/Special Education Programs I n -depth s t u d y of the admini tration of early c h i l d h o o d pro­ gra ms with e m p ha si s o n r e me d i a t i o n t chnique and transd isci­ p l in ar a pp roa c h e s. Prerequisite: SPED 538. ( 2 )

540 Early Intervention Programs Current practices in medica l , t h e ra p e u t i c , and e duc at i o n a l intervention t ec h n i que s used i n the reha b i l i tation of special needs children from birth t o age six. ( 2 ) 54 1 Assessment o f Infants and Preschoolers se of appropriate tools and procedures in diagnosing and e va l u a ti n g yo u n g c h i l d re n 's n eds, lead i n g to relevant educa­ tional p ro g r am m i n g . Prereq uisites: SPED 492, 540. ( 2 )

568 Internship in Special Education I n terns h i p in sp e c i al education set ti n gs. o u rt ee n weeks o f teaching un der t he d i re tion and supervi-ion of cooperating teachers and u n iversity super isors. Designed for students i n the M A /ee rt program. ( 6 ) 570 Applied Behavior AnalysIs for Teachers A s u r vey of the principles a n d tech n i ques of a p p lie d behavior a n alys i s . I n d u d '5 behavior mod ification and its e t h i c I pplica­ l ion, elf- co n t rol techniques, cogni tive bcha\'i r mo di fic a ti on , organization and resea rch design. (2) 575 Introduction t o CoUaborative Consultation I n troduction to the principl . and pra c t j c e $ of ;l. con ' u1ting teacher model in special ed ucation. Foc u s on instructional del ivery approp riate fo r p rov i d i n g di re c t and indirect sc r v i learner w i th spec ia l needs in mainsLream classes. ( 2 )

o c ;;0 m "


Special Education Emphasis on the i n t er p erso nal skills necessary for the co nsu lt i ng

teacher in special ed uc::Iti n. The COUIse will e xplor th e

variables involved in develo ping cooperation b twee n profes­


588 Administ ration o f Special Education Programs I nvestigation of e isting special ducation drni n ist ra tive un its, pupil placement procedures. s tudent st affi n gs, p rogram reimbursement procedures, and federal fu nding mo de l s . ( 3 ) 590 Research in Special Education Review of cu rrent research on e lec te d t pics in speciJl ed u c a ­

tion. ( 1 ) 591 Research in Early Childhood/Special Education A combin a t i on of organized c ursework and i n d� pe nd en t study i.n early chil dhood/sp cial education. ' p ec ia lized . tudy in a s e l ec t ed topic. Pre.requi si te: PED 4�0 or consent of instructor.

(1) 592 Research in Learning D isabilities A co mb i n a t i o n f orga n i zed coursework and indepelldent study in early l ea rn i n T lis, bilitie�. Spe ialized st udy in a _ e le c t d topic. Prerequisite: SPED 535 or consent of instructor. ( 1 ) 593 Research in Behavior Disorders A c o m b ina t i o n of rgan i z� d course \lork a n d i ndepe nde nt study in beha i r dis rders. , pec i a l ized study in a selected t o p ic. Prerequi ite: S PED 534 or consent ()f instructor. ( I ) 594 Research in Developmental DisabUJtles combination of o rga n ized u rse \ ork and independent s t ud y in developmental disabilities. Spe i al iud study in a e lected topic. Prer quisite: SPED 533 or p e rm i s ion of i u st ru tor. ( I ) 595 Special Education: Internship Projects of varying le n gt h rel a ted 1 0 t rends a.nd issues in s peci al educa ion and ap p roved hy an a p p ro p ria t e faculty member and the dea n. ( I -4) 597 Independent Sutdy Pr oject s of varying le n gt h r L a t d to lrend .md issue5 in special education and approved by an app ropriate facLllr)' me mber and tJ1e dean. ( 1 -4) 598 Studies in Education A res ea rch paper or project on an educational i sue selected j o i n t ly by the s t ud en t and t he gradu ate a d v iser. It will be reviewed by the studen t's g rad u a te committee. ( 2 ) 599 Thesis

the candi da te' maj o r cand idate's graduate co m mit tee. Candidat s are expecte d to defen their

The thesis problem wi l l b e hosen from

field of co n c entr a t i o n and mu t be approved by the

t h esis in a finaJ oral exa m i nation conducted by the i r comm i Lt e.




576 Communil;ation SkiUs for CoUaborative Conswtation in

sional ed u c a t ors .


m Z Q

E N G I N E E R I N G V)

seeks t o balan ce' the sruden l's knowledge ) ( current ngineering

Engi neering

practice with an understanding of the underly ing sci nee and


Engi neering,


ach ievements, i n c l u d i n g t h e pyr am i d s of ancien t


p r ac t i c a l art and pro fessi o n, is

more tha n

50 centu ries old. Its he ri tage boasts a vas t s pectrwn of

V) cr: ::> o u




[esopotamia (2000 B. . ) , the Colo e u m f R o me (75 A.D. ) , n d m ore recently, the 1 6 - megabi t random-access me m o ry chip ( 1 990 A.D. ) . E ngineering us e s mat rials a n d k n o w l ed g e from s ien c e a n d mathemati 's w i t h e p e r ie n c e , i ma gi n a t i o n , rea t ivi t y, and inspiration to p ro ide be n efi t to our daiJy l ives . At t h e same time, engineering must be pract i ed � ith an appropriate awareness and concern for it p te n tial adverse effects on hu man bei n gs and the env i ron m en t . The engineering code of eth ics s t at es the urpose f en gi n eer i ng - "to safeguard l i fe, he, Ith, and prop rty and to promote the public welfare. ' Th goal f engi neer i n g ed u c a t i on a t Pacifi c Luthera n Univer ity is to combine the s kill s o f m a t h e m a t ic ' , the k nowledge of scie nce, a n d the te ch n i qu e s of eng i n ee r i n g design, along w i t h an appr ciation of the broader areas of h u man i n te r .st and c o n c e r n , to p ro d uce competent and resp o n ­ sible engineering. PLU's programs in e n gi n ering provide a stl!ong base in mathematics, physics, and en gi ne ring. Such a fo u nda­ tion will enable PLU g rad u a t s to adapt r adilr to fu t u re c h ang es in te c h n ol o gy. PL p ro gra m s are based on th e premise that the engi neeri ng profession requires l i fe-l ong learning. I n the development and i m pl m e n ta t i o n of technology, engi neers are responsible for project co nceptualization, design , study, t esti ng , o n s trudion , and main tenance. Such proje c t s u s u a ll y i nvolve economics, personnel man­ agement, and administrati on. ften tech n ical p roj ects require comm uni cation with peers, m a na ge rs , and g ov ern ­ ment rep resen tati ves. PLU is uniquely quali fied to educate e ng i neers for sllch resp nsibiJ i t ies because i t combi nes t chnical cour es with the l i be ra l arts cur r icu l u m . The 0 partment of Engineering offers four-year Bachelor of . cien ce (B. S . ) degr e pr gra m in El ectrical Engin ering and C o m pute r Engineering. The d e partme n t also offers a five-year 3 - 2 or duaJ -degree program wh ich leads to a B.S. i n Engineering Science from PLV and an engineeri ng degree fr om a second i n stit ution. t the second inst i t ution, the e n g i n e e r i n g spec ialty may be chosen frol11 a variety of engineering d isc i p l i nes. Cl 'ely asso c ia te d with t hese three p rog ra ms is a B . S . i n Applied Physics. This program offers concen trati ons in Mech a n ical E ng i n eer i n g and Electrical En g i n er i n g . S t uden t s i n terested in an engineering d gree p rogram should co n t a c t a memb r of the e ng i nee r i ng fa culty fo r assis t a n ce and advice. FACULTY: Up to n, Chair; Gutmann, H<1l1ei.scn, MacGinitie, S p il l m a n .

engineerin g design pri ncip1

Eledrical Engineering


tudy in electrical c i rc ui t s , devices,

sy terns, and electro-optics. The curriculum involves a tial component of both cia

substan­ sroorn and laboratory experience. I t

ri ng

A typ i c a l electrical engilleering progr, m is as follows:


Soph omore



Engineering 1 3 1 , 1 3 2

Physics 1 53, 1 54, 1 63, 1 64 Math matics 1 5 1 , J 52 Engin eeri ng 24 5, 246 Mathem atics 253 Physics 354 omputcr Science 1 44 Te.:: hll ic al elecr ive Engineering 345, 346 Physics 3 3 1 hemistry 1 1 5 Technical decth'es ( 2 ) Engineering 4 4 5 , 446, 49 1 Te hn i c a l el c t i


MlNOR IN ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING: Engineering 1 3 1 , 1 32 , 245 , 246. a nd 345 or 346; Physics 1 2 5, 1 2 6, 1 3 5. 1 3 6 o r Phy s ics 1 53, 1 54, 1 63, 1 64; Physics 354; Mathema tics 1 5 1 , 1 5 2, 2 5 3 ; o m p u t r Science 144 or 240. Computer Engineering Compuler engineering i s

� r

lalivel}' new el1!,rineering specialt)'

that h a s grown o ut of rapidly e vo l v in " m icro- and mini, co mpu ter technology.

h e c u r r i ulum c


is! of es se nt i a l and

advanced element from computer s c i e n ce and elect rical engineering, developing both hardware Electi\'


permit concentration i n

a n d so ftware expertise. areas sLlch as in tegrated c i rcuit

d es i g n , microprocessor app lica tion s . computer d e si g n , applica­ tion softw re development, and arti 6cial i ntell igen ce.

B.S. MAJOR IN COMPUTER ENGINEERING: "ng ineer ing 1 3 1 . 1 3 2 , 24 5 , 24 , 345, 346, 49 1 ; Mathem atics J 5 1 , 1 5 2, 253, and t'ither 245 or 3 3 1 ; Computer Science 1 44, 2 70, 380; Physics 1 53, 1 54, 1 63 , 1 64; tech n ica l electjve - 1 3 hours from Engineering 445, ·146, 480, 48 1 , 492, Cu mp uter Science 348, 67, 375, 3 8 5 , �44, 455, Mathematics 3 5 6 , Physic, 3 3 1 , 332, 3 54; technical electives must i n c l ud e fo ur hOLlrs from Physics 354, Mathematics 356. A t ypic a l compuler engineering program is as fol l ows: Freshman

Engi neering 1 3 1 , [ 3 2

Ph ysic s [ 53, 154. 1 63 , 1 4 M a tlkrnatic 1 5 1 , 1 52 Computer


Science 1 44

En gin eer i ng 245, 246, 346

Mathematics 253


· n g i ne er i n g 345 mput r S ie nee 380

Math matics 3 1

number of oreas of spe ifie i n terest. Electrical i n c l u des

keep pace

U I , 1 3 2, 245, 24 , 345, 346, 44 5 , 446, 4 9 1 ; Ma the ma ti cs 1 5 1 , 1 5 2, 253; Physics 1 5 3, 1 54, 1 63, 1 64, 33 1 , 354; omputer Sc i e n ce 1 4 4; Cnemistry 1 j 5; te c h n ic a l electives - fo ur h o u rs [rom En g i n ee r i ng 2:>3, 2 3 4 , 333, 334, 434; one nurse from 1athemat­ ics 230, 33 1 , 3 5 , Physics 223, 332; eigh t addi t ional hours fro m upper clivi i n engineering or appro ved physics or co mp uter s c i e nce cou rses.

engineering ed uca t i o n and t11t' en gi n ·eri ng profession. I t e nginee.ring at P I .



o m p u ter Science 2 70 P hys i cs 354

E l c t ri c al engine�ring i the l a rgest single discipline withi.n

en compasses

, allowing gTad uatcs

w i th evolving technology.

Te c h n i ca l elective


Tech nical electives ( 2 )

E N G I N E E R I N G o

Engineering Science



The degree ill engineering science is awarded in the 3-2 Engi­ neering p rogram. The 3-2 o r du al -degree prog ra m con. ists of three years nr i n t roductury s c ience and engi n cE'ri ng at PLU fol lowed by two years of study at a secon d school offering a

de i red engineering specialty, re ul ting in one degree from each institution. The 3- p r o g ra m is appro p r i.lte fo r studen ts interested in a wide variety of engineering disci p lines including m chanical, c h em ical. civil. at:ro n a u tical and other . PLU has fo rmal 3-2 agree ment s with Col u mbia U niversity ( ew Yo rk City ) a n d Was h i n rton University (St. Lou i s ) ; transfers to other n g ineering chools an c, si ll' be arran ged. The five-year. 3-2 p rogram provides the oppo rtunity to i n tegn te an exce l leDt libe ra l arts backgro u n d along with study i n e n g i nee r i ng in a variety o f disci pl ines. The s t u de nt has the further adlran tage of begin ni ng study i n the at m o sphere of <l �maller school where mphasi� is on teaching and a l lent ion is given to i nd i v id ual stude nts. B.S. MAJOR IN ENGINEERING SCmNCE: The req ui remen ts

fo r this B.S. degree from P LU a rc the �ucces fu l completion f: ( 1 ) the PLU core curricu l u m . ( 2 ) the eng i neeri ng and sc ien ce courses listed below, and ( 3) an engi neeri ng degree at the second school . • he ge ne ra l university req u i reme nts th a t do not apply are : ( I ) c o m p leti on f a minimum of 1 28 semester hou rs on the PLU t ranscript. ( 2 ) -o mpl 'ti on of a min i mu m of 40 scm· ter

h o u rs from cour es n u m be re d 300 and above, (3)


least 20 of

the m in i mum 40 semester hours of upper division work m u s t be taken at PLU, and


the Inal 32 ·emester hours of a st udent's

program must be completed in re idencc at PL . Engine ring; 1 3 1 , 1 32, 334, 1 a t h emati s 1 5 1 , 1 52 , 2 53 ; -

Physics 1 5_ , 1 54. 1 6 3 , 1 64, 354; Computer Science 1 44 o r 240; Chem i stry 1 1 5 ( C hemislr), 1 1 6 i re ommended fo r s t u dents attending olumbia); technical el ecti ves--thr e co ur cs frum Engineer i ng 245, 246, 345, 346 (electrical specialty) and Engineeri ng 23 , 234 , 333, 4 34 ( m ..:chanical specialty ) . A lypical engineering sciene program i s



fo llows:

Engineerin g 1 3 1 , 1 3 2 Phrics 1 53, 1 54, 1 63, 1 64 Mathematics 1 5 1 , 1 52


Engineering 2 3 3 , 2 34


Mathematics 2 5 3 P h ys ics 354 Computer ience 1 44



E ngineering 24 5 , 246



Engineer in g 2 4 '- or 2 3 3 Engineering


Che m i. s try I 1 5 For 3-2 ch.emical engineering, regu ired c o u rses are Enginee r i ng 1 3 1 , 132. 233, 234; Mathematics 1 5 1 . 1 52, 253 ; Physics 1 53 , 1 54. 1 6 3, 1 64, 354; Chemist.ry l I S , I 1 6, 3 3 1 , 3 33 , 3 4 1 , 343; Chemistry 332, 3 4 and 456 are recommended. The fol lowin g i s a typical program:


Engineering 1 3 J , 1 32 Physi s 1 53. 1 54. 1 6 3 , 1 M Mathe mati. cs 1 5 1 , 1 .5 2 Che m i st ry J l S, 1 1 6


Engineering 2 3 3 Mat hern, tics 253 C he m i st r y 331. :332. 3 3 3 , 334

Ju nior

Physic.>; 354 ngin c r i ng 334

Chemistry 34 1 , 343, 456 In this program , ngi n ee r i n g .333 may be s ubs ti t u ted for Chemi su·y 34 1 . I t is a lso reco m m ended t h at Chemi,try 32 1 be taken if t i me permits.

Course Offerings 1 3 1 Introduction to Engineering I

An i n t roduction to t h e eng ineering profess ion J n d development

;;AJ m


o f basic skills important to the profes s i o n , i ncluding problem

solving, engineering design, graphics, use o f comp uters, co mpu ter progrc1 m ming, engineering eco n o mics, and e t h ics i n engi neering. Sem i n a r series o f lect ures b y spea kers from ind u s t ry , u n iversities, and a l u m n i . Prerequisite: Completion o f col lege-preparatory mathematics. I (3)

1 32 Int roduction to Englneedng I I A n i n t roduction to the en ' ineering profe s s i o n and development of basic ski l l s i m portant to the profess i o n , i ncluding problem so lving, s t a t i s t i cs engi nee ring design and grap h ics, engineering economics, J n d e th ics i n engineering. P roj e ct - te am work i s an i n tegral pa.r t of t h e course. Prere q u i s i te : 1 3 1 . I I ( 2 )

233 Statics Engineering sta t ic s using vector algebra; con dition for equ i l ib ­ rium, res u l tilnt fo rce yste ms, centroid und center o f gravit , methods of v i r rua l work, friction, kinematics of p art i les. Prerequisites:

PHYS 1 53. 1 (3)

2 3 4 Mechanics of Solids Mechanics of deformable solid bodies., deformation, str..:ss, con­ stitu ive equati ons for elastic materials, th rmodastici ty, tension, flexure, torsion. stability of equiL ibriu m . Prereguisite: 23 3 . l[ (4.) 245 mectrical Circuits 1 I n t roducti o n to the fu ndam en tal concepts of DC circuits i nc l ud ing Ohm's a n d Kirch hoff's Laws and the fu nction of inductive and c<lpac i t ive elements. Prerequ isi te: PHYS 1 54. 1 ( 4 ) 246 IDectrical Circuits n heary of electrical circ u i ts including transient response, AC steady state- si ng le an three rha e, fre u ncy and t i m e doma in analysis. computer ana lysi� of steady state and transien t respon e u s i n g PICE. Laboratory work is part of the c u rse . Prerequisite:

245 . II ( 4 )

333 ThennodYDlunics Concepts and equations of lass ical, macroscopic thennody n a m ­ ics: thermodyna.lJ1ic cycles, flow and non-flow systems. IHo per­ ties and mathemat ica l relations of p u re substances, m i , t u res and �olutio I\", phase t ransi tio n. and i ntroducti I\ to stati stical thermodynamics. Prereq u isite: PHYS 1 54. I ( 4 ) 334 Materials Science Fund, mentals of engineerino ma te ria ls i n c l u d i n g mechan ical, chemical, the rmal, and ele trica! propert ies associated with metals, ceramics, polymers, com posites, and semiconductors. l:oc ll S on how useful materi a J p ropert ies can be engineered t hrough control of m icrostructure. Prerequisite: P H Y 1 54 ,

CHEM 1 1 5. II ( 4 ) 345 Analog Electronics Al1 introduction to analog i ntegrated cir cuit des ign tec hn i q u es. i nc l u d i ng si ngle a n d multistage ampl.ifiers, frequency response and eedback m e thods. L.aboratory work is part of this co u rse. Prereguisite: 246. I (4) 346 mectronics Analysi' of digital des i g n lec h nigues, includi ng a review of combinational logi . flip flops, registers, cou nters, and timing circuits. I I I (4) 434 Transport: Momentum, Energy an d Mass Concepts and C'1uation of las'i <1 1 co n tinuum fl uid mechan ics: momen t u m, energy, and mass transport, transp ort coeffi cients ­ viscosity. thermal conductivity, mass diffusiviry - i nviscid and laminar fl ow. , boundary layers, exper imen tal and n u merical mode l i n g of transport pr ocesses. Prerequ isite: 3 3 3 o r consent of instructor. [[ ( 4 )

n o c ;;AJ m

o m

z C\


Engl ish

a: UJ

English offers excellen t pre p aration fo r any futu r e requir­

u... u..

ing i n tegrative thinking, skill in writing, d isce r nment i n


read i ng , an appreciation o f human experience and


aesthetic values, and the proc es s e s o f cri tical and creative expression. Business, government, education, a n d p ub ­

Vl a:

lishing are areas where our gr aduates frequently make

th ir careers.

o u

Our program offers concen tra ti ons in l i te rat ure , writing, and publ ishing.

he English D e pa rt m en t also

supports the study abroad programs, and we o ffe r s tu dy w

tours to such p l aces as Europe, Australia, and the



a: 1.9 LJ.J o

445 Linear Systems and Control Modding, , n a lys is , c m p tl ler imulation , a n d desi n of con tin UOl!. and discr te-time mechanical, elect r ical, and e l e c t r o ­ mechani ca l feedback co n t ro l sy tcms. La p l a ce tr a n s fo r ms, fTeq ue n y respon e, and state-space techniques are u sed t o deve l o p pe rfor m a n ce para meters, xamine stability, an d d sign con t rol lers. E 'tc ns ive use of ex amples a o d case studies t o develop ro b ust PI, PD, a nd P 1 D on l ro L l rs and compensators. Pre req u i site: 246. I (4) 446 VLSI Design An introdu ction to the design of very large SG\.k in tegrated systems u ing compute r-aided de si gn me t h od s. lop i cs i nc l u de MO devic s, fabr ica tio n pro ed u r es , chip architecture. chip t o polog y, and syslem t i m ing. Prerequisite: 346. I I (2) 480 Microprocessors Sludy of mic rop rocesso rs . nd lht:ir use i n microco m pu ter systems. Data rcpresentat i n, programming, interrupts, I/O i n te rfaci ng, data c m m u n icat i ons. av, ilable software, and p ro gr a m development 'itudied in Ie ture an la b o r a t o r y session .

Prerequisites: 346, 380. I (4)

48 1 Computer-Aided Design of Digital Systems A n in trodu c t i o n to usc of CAD syst ms for digital desi g n . Basic p r inc ip les of com bi nat io nal a nd sequential logic d es i gn are reviewed. im u lat ors, co m p ute r hardlvarc des ription languages, llll d other co m puter-a ided des i g n tools a re developed. Pre req u isite: 346. n ( 2 ) 49 1 Senior Design Project L nd iv i dual or smal l- t 1m . projec t that takes a de s ign concept from the pr p o sa J slage to lh� tes t i ng stage. ach student or team w i l l work d i n ::c tl y with one [, culty mcmb r fo r the design p roj e t and will be req u i r e d to prepare a techn ical rep or t a n d provide a rcsentation. 111e goal of this des ig n proj cr is to exp o s e the student to engi neeri ng des ig n which i nv o l v s cr ea tivity, the experience of op e n -e n ded p roblems w i t h al ternate sol utio ns, a nd Lhe u e of design m eth o do l o gy. It is also phulJled t h a t the student will confront realistic constrJ i ms su c h as co nomie fdctors, 'afety, rel iabi lity, tthk , and so ial impact. mpl e t i o n of this c o u r se arisfi s the co r re q u i rem e nt for a se n i o r seminar p r ject. [ II (2-4) Independent Study Projects of va ry ing length re laled to a studen t's majo r. Stude.nts may expan d en io r De s i gn P r ojec t by ta k i n g one to fo ur ho ur . The proj ect must be appro\ d beft re en rol lm e n t by t h e faculty adviser and the de par t men t hair. I II ( 1 -4)


fACULTY: Bergman, ,ha ir; M ,


P. Benton,


C a d y, Campbell, Eyler, Jansen, Jones, Marek, D. " I 1. M a r t i n , R ah n , D . S e a l , Temple-Thurston. Assisted by E . lelson, rl to n ,


32 h o u rs in English b e yo nd 1 0 1 , i nclud i ng thr c surveys ( 24 1 , 25 1 , 252); at least one co u rs e in a historical period (342, 343, 345, 38 1 , 384, 389, 390, 3 9 1 , 3 9 2 ) ; at l eas t one course in a major author (382, 383, 440 45 1 , 4 5 2 ) ; and 12 hou rs o f electives, e cl u d i. ng

in te rnshi ps .


mphasis at PLU i s part of a g rowi n g awareness in colleges a n d un iversities of the i mp or t a n e of w ri ti n g with i n programs of English, and has been designed for a b ro ad spectrum of s tu de n t s , from those to fo cus on fiction and p o e t r " to those i n terested in more p ragma t i c types of wr i t i n g , to tbose set on exp l o r i n g theoretical issues i n r h e t o r i c an d co m p o s i t i o n , At lea t 3 2 h o u rs i n English, d is t r i b u ted a s fo llows: A , Literature ( J 2 hOll rs) I . L i t e rat u re surveys ( 8 h our s from t h e fol lowing) 24 1 , Anwrican Literature 25 1 , En g l i s h Literature t 1 750 252, Engli ' h Li te ra t ure after 1 750 2. Major A ll t h o d 4 h o u rs) B. Wri t i ng ( a t least 16 hours in writi llg, with at least 8 hOllrs upper division)

1 . At least 1 2 hours, from a t least two o f the following lines a.

Imaginative Wri t i n g 227, I ma g i n a t ive Wr i t i n g I 327, I m a g i n a t i ve Writing II 326, Wr i t i ng fo r Ch i l d re n

b, Expository Wr i t i n g

2 2 1 , Resea rch and Writing 222, Wr i t i n g i n a Discipline 323, Wr i t i n g i n a Professional Setting 324, Freelance Wri ting

c. Creative


225, Autobiographical Wri ting 325, Pe rs o n a l Essay

2. Senior Project/Seminar (at least 4 hours in the following) 425/426, Wri t i n g on S p ecial To p ics 427, I m ag i n a t i ve Writing 11 428, I n t rod u c t io n to Cri ti c al Theory NOTE: The following

co u rse

is designed

differently each time

it is t a ught, a nd may be 14sed to sat isfy various writing categories above, depending upon the particular design course

when t.ake ll:

42 1 , Tutorial i n Wr i t i n g C. Elective (at least 4 elective hOllrs in English bqond 101)

of the

E N G L I S H o m

CHILDREN'S LITERAl1JllE: Students completing 363 and 8 hours from 362, 365, 3 6 or other approved cou rses (aLl with grades of B or higher) will be recognized for special competence in children's literature.

365 Fantasy and Fairy Tales 381 Studies in Medieval Uterature 491 , 492 Independent Reading and Reaeucb 597 Graduate Research

MINOR (EMPHASIS ON LITERATURE): 20 semester hours, (excluding 1 0 1 a nd courses for interim credit ) , of which at least 8 hours should be upper division. These course should include 4 hours in American l iterature, 4 hours in British l i terature before 1 700, 4 hours in British l iterature after 1 700, and at least 4 additional hours in l i terature.

WRITING, LANGUAGE, AND PUBLISmNG 101 Inquiry Seminar: Writing for Discovery" 221 Research and Writing" 222 Writing in an Academic Disdpllne" 224 Travel Writing" 225 Autobiographical Writing* 227 Imaginative Writing 1 321 The Book in Society 322 Publishing Procedures 323 Writing in Professiooal Settings" 324 Free-Lance Writing" 325 The Personal Es or 326 Writing for Children 327, 427 Imaginative Writing n 328 Advanced Composition for Teachers" 331 The Art of the Book l 332 The Art of the Book I I 35 1 The Writer's Craft 403 The English Language 42 1 Tutorial in Writing 425, 426 Writing 00 Special Topics 428 Introduction to Critical Theory

MINOR (EMPHASIS ON WRITING): 20 semester hours, ( eluding 101 and courses for interim credit ) , of which at least 8 hours should be upper division. hese courses should include 4 hours in British literature befor 1 700, 4 ho u rs in American or British l iterature after 1 700, and .1 2 h ours in writing courses drawn from 2 2 1 , 222, 225, 227, 32.1, 324, 325, 326, 327, 328, 3S 1 , 366, 42 1 , o r other a ppro ved courses i n writ ing . MINOR (EMPHASIS ON PUBLISHING AND PRINTING ARTS): ee separate l is t ing under Publishillg and Printillg Arts. PROSPECTIVE TEACHERS: Student p rep ari n g to teach in junior or senior high sch oo l may earn either a Bachel r of rts in English with cer tification from the S hool of Educ a tio n , or a Bachelor of Arts in Education with a te achi ng major in English. ee the Scl1 00l of Educa tioll section of this catalog for the additional requirements for certification o r the Bachelor of Arb in Education. FOREIGN LANGUAGE REQUIREMENT: All English majors must complete at least two years of a foreign l a n g u a ge at the university level, or the equivalent (See allege ofArts alld Sciences Foreigll Language Requirements, Optiol1


Course Offerings All litemtil re collrses fll ifill the generlll un iversity core req u irement

in literal Lire.

AMERICAN LITERATURE 24 1 American Literature 342 1W ntieth-Century American Poetry 343 Twentieth-Century American Fiction and Drama 345 Canadian Factor 440 Seminar - A Major American Author BRITISH LITERATURE 25 1 Englisb Literature: Beginnings to 1 750 252 English Literature: After 1750 381 Studies in Medieval Literature 382 Chancer and ffis Age 383 Shakespeare 384 English Re.naissance Literature 389 Re toration and Eighteenth Century English Literature 390 The English Romantic Movement 39 1 Victorian Literature 392 Twentieth-Century British Literature 45 1 Seminar - A Major Britisll Author Before 1750 452 Seminar - A Major British Author Since 1 750 GENRE AND SPECIAL STUDIES 2 1 6 Poetry 2 1 7 Short Story 2 1 8 Drama 230 Contemporary Literature 23 1 Masterpiece.s of European Literature 232 Women's Literature 233 Post-Colonial Literature 234 Environmental Literature 350 The Writer As Reader 363 Children's literatW'e 364 Special Topics in Children's Literature

Inliicntes courses thm fu lfill the generaL u niversity writing

req Ii irement.

1 0 1 Inquiry Seminar: Writing for Discovery I n (4) 2 1 6 Poetry A study of poems and cOIlve.ntions of p oetry from the Greek classics to modern projective verse. Intended to develop the reader's , bility I respond wilh sensitivity and di crimin, ti 11 to a rich variety of poetic form . Fulfills general u n iversi ty core requirement in l. i terature. I (4) 2 1 7 Short Story Examines the development of short fiction, concentrating on themes and techniques of th e genre. Incl udes stories by Ameri­ can , British, Continental, and Latin American writers. Ful fills general university core requirement i n l i terature. I II (4) 218 Drama A survey of masterp iece from classical G reece 10 t ile present, with emp hasis o n the basic elements of drama (plot, character. language) and on the traditional genres (tr a g e dy, comedy). FulfiLls gen e r al u n i vers it y core requirement in l i terature. rr (4) 2 2 1 Research and Writing Strategies for writing academic resear h papers are practiced, including developing appropriate research topics, locating and using a variety of relevant sources, substantiating generaliza­ tions, and using paraphrase and citation accurately. ( 2 , 2 or 4) 222 Writing in an Academic DiscipUne Taken jointly with a co u rs e in a content discipline. Students fulfill two general univer it), r e quir ment , one in writing and one i n the h u ma n i ties, social sciences. or natural sciences, depend ing upon which d i s c ipl i n e is participating i n a given semester. he \ [iting practices of il particular field such as p h ilo s ophy, history, anthropology, or b iology are studied in tandem with the subje t matter of the field. Tea m - t au gh t by an instructo r in English studies and an instructor i n the participat­ ing discipline. (4) 224 Travel Writing Writing about tra el, while tra 'el ing or upon return. (-udents keep travel journals, produce short travel essays, and read s e lected tr a vel w ri t ers. Emphasi s on both i n terior and exterior j ourneys. (4)

m m

o c


o m




225 Autobiographical Writing Read i ng autobiography and writing parts of un e's own, wilh an emphasis on how w ri t i n g t , l and pe rso n a l i de nti t y co mple­ ment ea c h othe r. Ful fills genera l un i ve rs i ty w r i t i n g requ i re m en t . I II (4)

323 Writing in Profe&sion.a1 Settings Students working in p ro fes s i o n al se t t i n gs analyze the rhetorical demand. ot' t h eir j lb-relat d writing. Using their lVork- in­ p r o g re ss , s tu d en ts p ro d u ce o r revise doc uments that m ee t those dem a n ds effectively. ( 2 , 2 or 4 )


227 Imaginative Writing 1


A beg in n ing workshop

324 Free-Lance Writing A workshop i n w ri t in g for publication, with primary emphasis

VI a: ::J o U

LU L.LJ c::


in writ ing p oetry- and short fict ion. I n­

cludes a s t u d y of tech n i qu es nd form� to dev 'l p c r i ti c a l stan­ dards and an under. tanding of the w r i t i n g process . ( Prerequisite: 10 I or i lS 'q u ivaJent, Advanced Pl acement , or C lIlsent of i nst ruc ­ tor.) Does not fulfil l ge neral uni ersit y I' quirements. I II (4) <

230 Contemporary literature E m ph as i on Am 'rican fiction since 1 950. Fu lfi lls ge n e r al university core requiremen t in l iter ture. 1 (4) 2 3 I Masterpieces of European Literature rly Re n a i s ­ Repr entati e wo rks of classical . m edieva l , a nd sance l iteratu re. uJ fill s general universi ty c re requi rement in litaatur . (Cross- referenced -v ith LAS 23 1 ) I ( 4 ) 232 Women's Literature Fiction. poetry, and other l iterature in English ( B ri tish, A meri­ can, an ad i d n , Comm nwealth) by w o m e n writers, wi h e m ph as i s on t h e twen iet h c en lu r y. I n cludes an in trod uction to feminist theories of reading and writing. Fulfills general

u n i ve rsi t y corc requi rement in l iterature. ( 4 )

233 Post-Colonial Literature A su rvey of literature in English from a reas once part of the

Br i t is h Empire i n Afr ic a , India, the Caribb an, Austral ia, and cw Zeala nd . } uLfJll gene ra.l uIllve rsity core req u i re m e n t in

l i teratur



234 Environmental Literature Exami nes representations 0 nature i.n l i t e r a t ure , and the ways in which humilns define themselves and their rdationship with n at u r e through those repr s ' cntat ions. Fo uses on tlw t ra d i t ion of n a t u re writing i n American l i terature fro m T h o r ea u and Mu i r to Barry Lopez 3nd m i e D i ll ard , a nd incl udes imagin;1t ive w rks from other c u l t u res h llfiUs general un i ve rs i t y core requircm nt i n l i t€rature. ( 4 )

2 4 1 American Literature The continui ty of themes and fo n n s in A m e r i ca n pro e, poetry, and fiction from co lon iza t ion to the First World War. Emphasis on major works of t he 1 9 th ..::e nlury. F ul fills general un iversity <.:Ore requirement in l ite ra tu re. 1 I I (4) 25 1 English literature: Beginnings to l750 Empha is on the continuity and va ri ty of En gl i sh l i terature

from Beowul f t luough Neo-clas- icism Gnd t h e early novel. gen e ral u n ive rs ity cor requirem nt in lite.rature. t (4)

Fu l fil ls

252 EogJi h literature: After 1 750 English literature, especially poet ry, from tile emergence of romanticism to the _Oth ct· n t u ry. I:u l fil l gen ral LIlli ersi ty core req u i re m e n t in l iterature. U ( 4 ) 32 1 The Book i n Society A critical study of th role of books in our h istory, s o c i e t y, and d a i l y l ives. To pics in clu de the paperback revo lu tion; gender issues in books and p u b l i h i ng; censorship <md m a n i p ulation. esp ciaUy in bo oks for c.h i ld re n; sma l l p resses and "alternativ .. p ubli shing ; technological horizons; and tensions between t he c ul t u ra l and commercial dimensi�lI1S of book p u bl i · r ung. I (4) 322 Publishing Procedures A workshop in troducl io n to the world of book publish ing, i nvolving �tudent5 in decisions ahollt what to publi�h and h ow to

produce i t . biiting, designing, Jnd preparin a manuscript for production. Plans fo r m a rketi n g a t1n ished product. 11 (4)

o n the feat u re article. [n tended to help studen t s produce writing that is i n for m a t i \'e and e xp re s s i e, t enhance th e i r sense of a ud i ence ; and to i n t ro duce them to procedures fo r s ub mi t t i n g for m aga z i n e publication. n (4)

325 Personal Essay Students write essa ys on topics of t h e ir choice, working p ar ti­ cula rly on voice and s t y l e . These essays rely less u po n fo rmal logical structures th a n upon personal t h o u g h t and the i n te g ra ­ tion o f events a.ud ideas in the w r i t e r 's life. Readings will p rov i de a ra nge of a p p roa ch s and contents, and may ce n t er on a specific t h em e. ( 4 )

326 Writing for Children A workshop i n w r i t ing

fi c t i o n

and non-fiction fo r children and

teenagers, w i t h an i n troducti n to the varieties of contemporary

children's l i terature. Does nOI fu l fi l l general u n i vers i t y require­

ments. 1 1 (4)

327, 427 lmagjnative Writing n AIl a dvanced w rkshop in w r i t i ng poetry and short fiction. Some a tten t i o n will be given to pr oce du re s for submitting ma n u s c ri p t for puhlicat-ion. Doe not fulfill general u n ive rs i t y requiremen ts. ] U ( 4 ) 328 Advanced Composition. for Teachers Students are i n t roduced to p h i l o ophi aI, social, and prag m a t ic issue on Cr o n ti n g teachers of writing. Resp ondin g to co mp o s i­ Ii n theories hat address these issues, students o b t a i n extensive practice in e xp os i t ry wri ti ng. Required for cer t i fication by the

School of Education. (4) 33 1 The Art of the Book I The combin ation s t udio course a n d se mi na r ex.plore t h e visual p roperties of l a n g u a ge . I t i n t ro d u ces the histo ry, p r i nc i p l es , and techniques of ty p ogr a p hy, p r i nt i n g, and t he book a r t s th rough

bo th classro o m study and


v ar i e t y of studio proj ec t s . ] I I


332 The Art of the Book n I n dividual projects to explore further t y p o g ra p h y and fine book­ maki n"·. Production of a s m a 1 1 edi ti o n of an o r igi na l tex.t­ selected, ed i t d, designe I. ill ustrated, p r i n t e d , and bound by one or a team of students. [ IT ( 1 -4) 342 1Wentieth-Century American Poetry Representative p ets from the generation of Robert Frost and Ezra Po u n d to our contemporaries. a/y I I (4) 343 Twentieth-Century American Fiction and Drama e mp h as i s on major auth ors between the Wars, in c l u di n g Hellungway, FallJkrter, 'Neill . aly II ( 4 )

l . i tera ture Jnd society to the 1 9 505, with

345 Canadian Fiction Novels and sh rt st ries by Angl -Canadians, with some atten t i o n to French · a n a d i a n l i terature i n translation. II (4) 363 Cblldren's Literature An i n t ro d ll tion to a r ic h l i te r a r y tradition, with an a l ysi s i n depth of su h authors as H.C. Andersen, Tolkien. Lewis, Potter Wilder, and Le G u i n. I ('1 )

364 SpecW Topics i n Children's Literature Content varies each year. P o ssib l e t o pi cs include genres, t hemes, h istorical periods, a n d tra d i t i o n s . May be repeat d for cred i t with d i fferent t o p i c . I T ( 4)





L A N G U A G E o m

365 fairy Tales and Fantasy Sel ec t d fairy t a l es a re told. and vario u s ways to i n t e rp re t them are e xp l ored . Fantasy is st udied as a genre, w i t h emphasis on k i nds f fantasies, such a pure fa n t asy, sword and sorcery, the dete ct ive no d, . ciencc fiction, and h o rro r fiction. I (4) 38 1 Studies in Medieval UteratUJ'e SIDdie ' in the l i tenl t u re of Western Europe from 700 to 1 500, e xc l u d i n g h a ueer. onsiderat i o n of genres, themes, and the p l a ce o f l ite r a t u r e i n medieval l i fe. all' I (4) 382 Chaucer and His Age A s t u dy of �hau er's m aj o r works, e pec i al l y Thp Ca n terbllry Tales, in th e ir lively 1 4t h century setting. I nc l u d e s an i n t roduc­ tion to the d ev d o p me n t of the E ngli s h la n g ua ge. all' If (4) 383 Shakespeare Ten to twelve re p resenta tive p l ays , as we l l as s e l e ct ed poems and son n ets. Re omm nded as b a c kgr o u nd : 2 5 1 . I (4)

3M English Renaissan ce Literature Studies the G o l d e n Age of English l i te r a tu re. Selected po e t s from Wyatt to J 1arvell, i n cl u di n g Sidn y, S p e nse r , Shakesp.:ar , Donne, and Jonson; selected p l a yw ri g h t s from Ky d to Web s t e r ; sel cted p ro se from More to Bacon and Browne. I ( 4 ) 389 Restoration and EiglJteenth Century English Literature A s t u d y o f Ilco-das ic writL ngs and the develop ing- social awar 1 1 o f the preromantic age: D r yden and Pope to J o h n so n and Blake . 'ami nation of the beginnings of the novel in Defoe, Richardson , F i e l d i n g , Smoliet, and S te r n e . I I (4) 390 The English Romantic Movement A st udy of the romantic awakenin g i n England: l a ke, Wo rds­ worth , Coleridge, Shelley, Keats, Byron, and o thers. At ten t io n also to nove lists of the period such a s Austen and S c o t t . 11 (4) 391 Victorian Literature Selected authors ( i nclud i n g Ca r ly l e , Te nnyson, D ic ke n s , and Hardy) and topics from a p er i o d of r ap i d and momentous social cha uge. I ( 4 ) 392 lWentieth-Century British Literature Selected playwrights fro m S h aw to Beckett; po e t ry of Ye ats, Hardy, Thomas. and A u d e n ; fiction o f Joyce, Wo o l f, Lawrence, Greene. L sing. and o t h e rs . I (4) 403 The English Language Studies in the structure a nd h is to r y of ngLish. Includes � ntactical a nd tyli tic an a ly s is , issues of Llsage, and i n t rod uc ­ tory re a d i ng s in semantics, p sychoIi ngu istic ', sociolinguistics. and the philosophy of language. Considers the h i s to ry of E n glish in re la t i on to medi a ( s peech. writing, p ri. n t i n g, electronic media ) , to c u l t ure ( litera t u re, d ictionaries, gram mars ) , and to cross- ultural resonances ( E nglish as an a malgam, as a world la nguage, as a set of dialects ) . (4) 42 1 Tutorial i n Writing u i ded work in an individual w ri tin g proje c t . A p l a n of st ud y m us t be approved befo re the student may re g i ste r for the our


( 1 -4)

425, 426 Writing on Special Topics In a cross -disciplinary s e m i na r, st udents wi l l read a n d write about a contemporary i ssu e from multiple pe rsp e c tives . Representative t opi cs m i g h t b environmental jusbce, l i ter ac y, or multiculturalism, and w i l ! vary from semester to semester. Wri t ing in a wide range of <lL'<l lemic and c reat ive genre.:; dete rm ined by their p ar t icu l ar educational go als , students will shape th e i r paper to meet the rhetorical demands o f publica­ t i on s relevant to their a c ade m i c or p ro fes s ion al fut ure. (4) 427 Imaginative Writing I I Advanced work in w r i t i n g poetry or s h o r t fiction. Students use t h is c u rse n um b e r to enroll in English 327 fo r a second time.

428 Introdll.ction to Critical Theory Issues in l i terary s t udie and in composition studies are dis­ cussed i n relationship to i nfl uential movements �llch as reader­ response, c ul t u ra l studies. fe m i n ism . and decon sl ruction . In some semesters, the � eus will be on one representat ive move­ men t or on a p art i c ul a r theo r i st whose work h s p rovoked respo nses from a range of theoretical pe rspectives . Recom­ mended fo r p rospective gra d u a t e student . ( 4 ) 440 Seminar-A Major AmeriCllD Author oncentrated study of the work, life, i ntl u e n ce, and critical re p u t a ti o n o f a major American author, incl u d i n g -u bs tantia l library research. I ( 4 )


n o c :;u V> m


45 1 Seminar-A Major British AlI.thor Before 1150 Conce n t r a ted s t u d y of th e work, life, i n fluence, and critical rep u tat i on of a major Bri tish au t ho r from the Renaissance t o the age of Fielding a n d Dr. Joh nson, ill c l u d i n g sub tantial library res e a rc h . a/y II (4)


452 Seminor-A Major British Author Since 1750 Concentrated s t udy of the wo rk, life, influence, a nd cr i t ic a l repu­ ta ti o n o f a m aj o r British author from the age of Blake t o thl! present, including lIbst�lntial l ibrary research . II (4)


49 1, 492 ludependent Reading and Research An i n t e ns i ve co urse in reading. M ay include a t h e sis. InLellded for upper division majors.

597 Graduate Research

I 11 ( 1 -4 )

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En g l ish as a Second Lan g ua ge The I n tensive Engli h Lan g u a ge I