jan.2012 Paca Paca

Page 1

Volume 21 Issue 1 Jan. 15. 2012


Rancho Del Oeste

Mano Derecha IJB Ch. of Ch Luxury Gelding & Wins the Las Donas Cup 2011 Canadian Nationals IN THIS ISSUE


Western Hospitality by Lois Worden Selective Breeding by Dr, Kellon Frozen Semen: Preparation and Use by Jo Mottershead

Peruvian Horse Club of Alberta Peruvian horse Club of BC Peruvian Paso Association of Ontario Saskatchewan Peruvian Horse Club Classified Ads PICS

2009, 2010 & 2011 PHAC High Point Breeder (*AV Sol de Paijan x RDLF Celene)

(CDV Ron Anejo x CDV Bandolera)

Imported from Peru, *Caporal has proven his place in the breeding & Gait division in Canada. *Caporal has sired Ch of Ch's offspring in their first year of showing, BDS Risada, BDS Caminante, BDS Capataz.

Aro sires winners! Aro has sired the highest pointed horse in Canada SRO Marie. At the age of 20 years, Aro is going strong. He is accomplished in Breeding and Pleasure. He throws gait, size & great mind for show or trail. Aro is an amazing horse, such personality.

(RDS Me Llamo Peru+ x *JRM Altiva)

One magnificant stallion, Coqueton throws beauty, elegants & gait. Coqueton has a very impressive show record himself and we have found his offspring easy to work around and train from a young age.

Check out our breeding stallions page for details on each of these magnicant stallions, show history and offspring accomplishments. Now booking for Spring 2012, limited spaces available book early to avoid disappointment.

Complete listing of quaility horses offered for sale in this issue and can also be found on our website. www.paradisehorses.com

We offer Quality horses for sale, Stallions at Stud, Professional Training, Lessons & On-going support

Owners: Ben & Dori Sawatzky Managers: Shannon & Cindy Zaitsoff 7886 - Bench Row Road, Vernon B.C. V1H 1H3 Email: info@paradisehorses.com Phone: (250) 558 - 4743

Paca Paca News is the official newsletter of the Peruvian Horse Association of Canada (PHAC). This publication is complimentary to those who hold a PHAC membership. To receive a subscription or membership, complete the form inside this newsletter and send with a cheque or money order for $45.00 (GST included) for an Owner/ Breeder membership or $15.00 (GST included) for Aficionado (non-owner) to:

Peruvian Horse Association of Canada CLRC 2417 Holly Lane Ottawa, Ontario K1V 0M7 Opinions expressed herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the opinions of PHAC members, Board or the Editors. Paca Paca News makes every effort to avoid error and assumes no responsibility for copy submitted by contributors and/or advertisers. However, the Editor reserves the right to refuse material not suitable for publication. Items containing negative references toward individuals or groups or any other questionable material will be sent to the Board of Directors for approval prior to publication.

Classified Ads Classified ads (25 words or less) can be emailed to paca paca @shaw.ca Classified rates $5.00 – 2 consecutive issues (Members) $5.00 per issue (Non-members)

Advertising Rates Members/Non-Members *Front Cover $125.00/ $150.00 (Includes color & full pg inside Bl & White) *Back Cover (Color) *Inside Front Cover (Color)

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*Inside Back Cover (Color) Center Spread (Bl & Wh)

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All rates are for camera ready copy. Please submit in PDF or jpeg format.. Ads requiring set-up will be subject to a $15.00 surcharge. *WINTER RATES: For all issues except the summer one, the newsletter format will be only in black and white. Ads for the usual “color spots” will be sold at a $40.00 per ad discount. CHEQUES PAYABLE TO PHAC. Send ads and other contributions to:

Paca Paca News c/o Suzanne Brown Email:

suzy_brown @shaw.ca Phone: (403) 680-1122

PHAC Board of Directors Ben Sawatzky, President 7886 Bench Row Road Vernon, BC V1H 1H3 Phone (250) 558-4743 Email: ben@spruceland.ab.ca

Rob Sjodin, Vice-President 1353 Salmon River Rd, Salmon Arm, BC V1E 3H3 Phone: (250) 832-1188 Emai: l4beat@telus.net Sherri Rosia, Secretary R.R. 1 Cochrane, AB T4C 1A1 Phone (403) 932-7032 Email SRosia.nhp@gmail.com Jocelyn Hastie, Treasurer Box 1, Site 2, RR3 High River, AB T1V 1N3 Phone (403) 601-2500 Email info@celestinaranch.com Mimi Busk-Downey, Director Box 449 Acme, AB T0M 0A0 Phone (403) 546-4331 Email cresmoon@supergait.com EXECUTIVE DIRECTORS:

Gus McCollister, Exec. Secretary General Delivery Lyalta, AB T0J 1Y0 Phone (403) 935-4435 Fax (403) 935-4774 Email: gusmccollister@efirehose.net Lynn Moker, Exec. Treasurer RR1Red Deer, AB T4N 5E1 phone(403)-343-2814 email: lmoker@xplornet.com AWARDS COMMITTEE: Sherri Rosia Mimi Busk-Downey Shannon Zaitsoff BY-LAWS COMMITTEE: Marion Bear Mimi Busk-Downey DRUG TEST COMMITTEE: Paul Rintoul NAME APPROVAL COMMITTEE: Lesa Steeves NOMINATION COMMITTEE: Gus McCollister

RULES COMMITTEE: Val Henderson Phoebe Soles Daryl Olson phone: (306)929-2350 email:foxcreek@inet2000.com


Box 207 Armstrong, BC V0E 1B0 Don Noltner, President Phone: (250) 832-1188 Email: highcountryperuvians@xplornet.com Website: www.phcbc.ca

PERUVIAN HORSE CLUB OF ALBERTA 11003 Oakfield Dr.SW. Calgary,AB T2W 3H3 Chantelle Sawatzky, President Phone: (403) 281-2114 Email: chantelle.sawatzky@gmail.com Website: www.peruvianpasosalberta.com

SASKATCHEWAN PERUVIAN HORSE CLUB INC. 147 Rao Crescent Saskatoon, SK S7K 6V7 Phoebe Soles, President Phone: (306) 929-2350 Email: foxcreek@inet2000.com

ONTARIO PERUVIAN HORSE ASSOCIATION c/o Lyn Knell 1067 Melville Rd, RR#2 Consecon, Ont K0K 1T0 Lyn Knell, President Email: lyn@peruvianpaso.ca Website: www.peruvianpaso.ca

PERUVIAN PASO HORSE ASSOC OF ONTARIO c/o Carlos Escudero,President Peruvian Paso Horse Assoc. of Ontario 63 Kinloch Cresc Maple, Ontario Phone: (905) 3038137 Email: pasohorse@bell.net

PERUVIAN ENTHUSIASTS & RECREATIONAL RIDERS UNLIMITED c/o Chris Thurn, Secretary PO Box 586 Linden, AB TOM 1J0 Wanda Malsbury, President Phone: (403) 546-4320 Email: thurnc@gmail.com

Announcements from the PHAC Board of Directors Show Rules A complete set of the updated Book of Peruvian Horse Showing is available at the PHAC website www.phac.ca. Those members who wish to receive a copy by mail should send a $5 cheque payable to the PHAC to: PHAC, General Delivery, Lyalta, AB T0J 1Y0. 2012 PHAC Memberships To continue receiving the Paca Paca News and other member benefits, please send your cheque or money order payable to the PHAC to the CLRC, 2417 Holly Lane, Ottawa, ON K1V 0M7. Link your website with the PHAC website! The PHAC will add a link to your website for FREE. Email Bonnie Matheson at littlemountain@telus.net . Nominations to the PHAC Board of Directors Nominations to the PHAC Board of Directors can be made throughout the year and forwarded to Gus McCollister, Executive Secretary by email at gusmccollister@efirehose.net , by phone 403-935-4435, by fax 403-935-4774 or by mail at PHAC, General Delivery, Lyalta, AB T0J 1YO. if you have any questions concerning the show or would wish to volunteer. Volunteering: If anyone is interested in becoming part of any of the committees (e.g. Rules, Bylaws, Advertising, Drug Testing), please contact any of the Board of Directors. Programs offered by the PHAC 1. Junior Scholarship Program 2. Novice High Point Program 3. Trail Riding Program

We have updated our Website!

Stop by

and have a look.

Wild West Classic Double Regional Show Peruvian Horse Event at the Claresholm Agriplex Claresholm, Alta July 13, 14,15/12 Everyone is Welcome Contact: Cathie Taggart, 250-­546-­3704 or ctaggart@telus.net Earl Moker, 403-­343-­2814 or lmoker@xplornet.com


! ! !

Peruvian Horse Association of Canada!! ! New Membership Application Name_______________________________________________________ Ranch Name__________________________________________________ Address______________________________________________________ Town_______________________Province______Postal_______________ Telephone________________________Email________________________ !!Owner-Breeder $45.00!


!!Aficionado $15.00!

Aficionado memberships are non-voting and do not require ownership of a Peruvian Horse. Owner-Breeder members receive the member rates for registration services. I / We qualify as Owner-Breeder members through the ownership of the following horse registered with the Peruvian Horse Association of Canada: Name______________________________________Reg. #_______________________! ! !"!"!"!"!"!"!"!"!"!"!"!"!"!"!"!"!"!"!"!"!"!"!"!"!"!"!"!"!"!"!"!"!"!"!"!"!"!"!"!"!"!"!"!"!"!"!"!"!"!"!"!"!"!"!"!"!"!"

The above application is for new members. Current members are billed directly by the CLRC, OTTAWA. Important: Current members please use the CLRC form with remittance OR quote CLRC ID number on this form here: ________________________

Make all cheques or money orders payable to: PHAC Mail to: Canadian Livestock Records Corporation (CLRC) 2417 Holly Lane, Ottawa, Ontario K1V 0M7 " "

" "

THE ONTARIO PERUVIAN HORSE ASSOCIATION ENJOYS WESTERN HOSPITALITY at: nd THE 32 ANNUAL CANADIAN NATIONAL CHAMPIONSHIP PERUVIAN HORSE SHOW – held in ARMSTRONG B.C. Sept. 30-Oct. 2, 2011. Seven members of OPHA attended this yearʼs 3-day event and came home with great feelings of satisfaction and pride after watching and participating in this wonderful weekend showcasing the Best of the Best! A 5 hour flight from Toronto was just long enough to get us in the mood and ready to experience the hospitality and fun that was in store for us with the owners, breeders and trainers of the countryʼs best Peruvians. The horses in the red and white stalls were the first to greet us followed shortly by Don and Sue Noltner, owners of High Country Peruvians, from the B.C. club, who had food and wine waiting for us to share with many other friends who were gathered around their trailers next door to their horses. What a sight and what a welcome! Val and Norman Henderson settled into one of the trailers; Keith and Lois Worden, Angie and Farrah Nadon had rooms at the nearby Armstrong Inn. Although she has recently moved to Alberta, we made sure that everyone knew that Laurie Hardingham is one of OUR members. Laurie was Student Ringmaster at the show and was hosted by Joyce Brown, one of the competitors at the Nationals. FRIDAY at 8 a.m. saw a bright sunny day for the opening of the schedule of events. Over the following three days we were delighted by about 80 classes, which flowed without a hitch. We were able to observe the horses and riders in the indoor arena, outside in the warm-up field and in the stalls. We met so many people whose names are familiar and who now will have a face attached to those names. The Judge for the Nationals, Nick Breaux, from New Orleans was a great asset to the event with his kind, fair and helpful manner of handling the competitors and teaching all of us what he expected in order to merit placements in each class. Nick made arrangements to fill this role with just a few daysʼ notice after the Judge from Peru who had agreed to perform these duties months before, did not have his paperwork completed for travel to Canada, and had to cancel!

There are so many things in my mind that I would like to share about the Nationals, but Iʼll confine it to some of the highlights. Ontario had 3 competitors in the show and little 7 year old, Farrah Nadon did us all proud in handling a bay mare named JRM Ilusion that was provided for her by Sherri Rosia. In her first National show with a horse not familiar to her and with at least 8 other Juniors 12 years and under, Farrah received an Honourable Mention! Farrah took it all in her stride with Mum, Angie coaching and cheering her on. Val Henderson came home with a third place ribbon from the Pole Bending in Gait Class on Sat. She rode CBP Independencia (a lovely mare born on Independence Day) owned by Dave and Jan Burdega from Campo Bello Peruvians in Washington State. Val looked so professional as she threaded her way between the pylons and we secretly thought she should have been first, but although her time was best, apparently there was a slight break in her gait! Who could argue with that gorgeous judge! Norman Henderson rode CBP Cazador, in the Pleasure Gelding Class and did a fine piece of work despite a temperamental moment or two from his horse. The geldingʼs owner, Dave Burdega, later apologized to Norman for not giving him a better-behaved horse…but there was no mistaking the thrill Norman felt in competing at the National level. I have it on good authority that he plans to return to the show next year and will be ready now that he knows what is involved! OPHA can be proud of our clubʼs participation in the Nationals for 2011. We were warmly welcomed officially at the AGM by the president, Ben Sawatzky. Keith and I wore our OPHA vests to make sure they knew we were part of the Ontario contingency! The announcer, Louise Burton, long-time member of PHAC, presented the OPHA award for the High Point Amateur Rider and she made special mention of our efforts in Ontario for the promotion of the Peruvian Horse. Several classes were sponsored by Ontarians - AnFarra Peruvians and Morgans (Angie, Lynn and Farrah Nadon) and one each by Beaconhurst Stables (Val and Norman Henderson), Pinecrest Peruvians (Stephanie and Arnie Thiessen) and LoKey Ranch (Keith and Lois Worden).

THE EVENINGS after the classes were something to behold! After the horses were tended, the participants and guests gathered on Friday night at a nearby hall for the biggest pizza party I have ever seen. There was every flavour and combination and more than enough to satisfy everyone. Ben Sawatzky conducted the business for the AGM after we had devoured our first round of pizza. Many items were efficiently discussed including where and when to hold the next National show. Several options will be researched in B.C. and Alberta. (We did suggest Ontario options but I donʼt think we are ready to be taken seriously yet!) The results for next yearʼs Board of Directors for PHAC were announced to be Ben Sawatzky, Mimi Busk-Downey and Rob Sjodin. Several other items regarding the show rules were also discussed mainly to get opinions from the membership as to what we would like to see implemented. Saturday evening was another social event with a potluck dinner served inside the arena due to the rainy weather. Freshly caught and barbequed B.C. salmon was provided by Don and Sue Noltner as well as a German potato salad and baked beans. While we were dining, an auction took place with many donated items of art, wine from Benʼs extensive cellar and tack. Angie brought home one of the nicest pieces of art from the sale. Norman bought Valʼs “birthday present” i.e. a crystal-sculptured bottle filled with something that looked delicious! And…Sunday night was absolutely “over the top” when everyone was invited to Paradise Ranch and the new home of Ben and Dori Sawatzky where all of our senses were royally treated. The view from the front entrance extends through the living room onto the patio where an Infinity pool appears to be cascading into Okanogan Lake! Benʼs brother was in charge of the barbeque and kept everyone happy with steak. Also on the menu were many cherry and apple pies, which were freshly baked that day from fruit grown on the ranch.

One of the bottles of wine was immense and I was told that its volume was equal to a whole case of Italian Masi Cabernet Sauvignon! It was a beautiful end to a perfect show and after saying our goodbyes and returning to our respective homes, we all have incredible memories and many new ideas to attempt with our Peruvians in the show ring and on the trails. We made some wonderful connections with really good and sincere people who share our passion and continue to try to make the breed better with each generation. If one thing impressed me most in what I learned over the three days, it is the importance of the genetics of the Peruvian Paso and the integrity that is essential in the people who have a responsibility for making decisions in their breeding programs. That was a subject that was discussed throughout the weekend, on every level and it is obvious that the members of our national club are very committed to that goal. It is a small world when it comes to our breed and it almost seemed like owners, breeders and trainers throughout North America know each other on a first name or at least a ranch name basis. The adjudication at this level of show provides insurance that the traits and strengths of the Peruvian horse are maintained and elevated. One of the names that is very familiar to members of our Ontario Club is Mimi Busk-Downey from Crescent Moon Ranch in Alberta who took home many first, second and third ribbons for the performance of Casadero CM, CM La Joya, CM Bailador, CM Laberinto. CM Danzante was ridden by Mimiʼs brother-in-law, David Breault to an amazing 2nd place in his debut as a Novice to Ride Bozal in a Gait class! Mimiʼs trainer, Jimmy Perales was a very happy man when it was announced that he was the winner of the High Point Professional Award sponsored by Don and Sue Noltner. His prize - a gorgeous silver belt buckle engraved with the name of the award, which I know he will wear with great pride!

Another name that will appear many times in the Final Show Results is Janice Sjodin of Del Oeste Peruvian Paso Horses in B.C. Janiceʼs 11-year-old chestnut gelding, Mano Derecha IJB, trained by Janice and her husband, Rob, took many prizes including the ultimate Las Donas Award. This is a highly coveted award, which is given to the horse that wins the most points in Breeding and Luxury Division classes (including Merito Zootecnico and Gait). Janʼs husband, Rob Sjodin was a multi time winner in the competitions as well as being the Chairperson of the Show Committee. Some other names that are important to our Canadian scene regarding Peruvians are: *Rick and Deb Cones of Ringstead Ranch. Rick was one of the busiest competitors at the show. He definitely took home some nice ribbons. *Dave and Jan Burdega of CampoBello Peruvians and their father/son trainers: Marco and Jose Vasquez (as well as young Diego Vasquez) travelled from Washington State with excellent horses for the Nationals. *Samantha and Sarah Zaitoff, daughters of the manager of Paradise Ranch showed their own horses with great style.*Sherri, Wayne and Tanner Rosia of New Horizon Peruvians in Alberta along with their niece Annie Rosia were involved with several classes. Sherri is the very busy secretary for PHAC. *Jocelyn Hastie of Celestina Ranch in Alberta along with her trainer, Alex Montalvo showed us some nice Peruvian action. Jocelyn is the Treasurer for PHAC. *Cathie and Kelsey Taggart, Chris and Emma Thurn and Suzanne Brown and Sharyda Hutchison - three Mother/Daughter competitors put on good performances with beautiful horses. Suzanne is the editor of the Paca Paca magazine. *John McMillan was in charge of hospitality for the show and as well as competing in several classes on his own, he partnered with Joyce Brown in Performance Pairs and put on an excellent show wearing their bright turquoise ponchos.

*Grant McKinney is a free-lance trainer who rode Suzanne Brownʼs MRA Candela to a first place ribbon in the Mares Breeding Class. He was very helpful with many of the horses that were competing at the show. As well as the gait, breeding, equitation, luxury, and halter classes, there was a nice degree of levity provided by the costumed class (with Robin, Batman and two little angels); trail challenge, performance pairs and champagne team Calcutta. The Performance Pairs class was an absolute hoot and at the end of the competition, Judge Nick said he was blown away by the excellent showing of Jose Vasquez and Rob Sjodin who “ performed better as a pair than as individuals; like they were in ONE saddle!” In total, the Nationals involved 24 hours of competition over a three-day span. The final act of the show was the traditional Barrida, an impromptu performance of the champions to music and lead by Judge Nick Breaux looking oh-so-elegant, riding Jan Sjodinʼs Mano Derecha! Nick presented his thank you gift to Jan – a box of the world famous pecan cookies straight from New Orleans which she generously shared with all of us around her! Yes… I was one of the lucky recipients of that delightful treat! Everyone who attended left the Agriplex in Armstrong with a wealth of information and pride. It took many volunteers to make the show run so smoothly. A huge amount of time, energy, expertise and talent were responsible for what I consider to have been a complete success! Western hospitality was at its best. Every single person put forth his or her best effort to make all of us from Ontario feel welcome and included. Many people took time to answer all my questions, no matter how trivial my query or how busy they were. We definitely came away feeling that PHAC was thrilled to have OPHA on their turf! I will make sure they know how much their style and substance was appreciated! Regards, Lois Worden – Director of Communication - OPHA



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8 th Annual PHAC JUNIOR SHOWMANSHIP CLINIC May 25 – 27, 2012 With Cricket Donoho Hosted by – PARADISE RANCH – Vernon, B.C. 7886 – Bench Row Road, Vernon, B.C. V1H 1H3

(250) 558 – 4743

The 2012 Junior Clinic is scheduled for May 2012. The clinic will be held in Vernon B.C. at Paradise Ranch. This 2-day clinic is FREE to all juniors who are residents of North America. What a great way to start off a new season of riding, sharing a weekend with old friends and making new ones. Participation eligibility for the Junior Sponsorship Program, please go to www.phac.ca to see the rules. Cricket Donoho of Colorado is very much looking forward to returning to Paradise Ranch for the 2012 PHAC Junior Clinic. Cricket was the Judge at the 2010 Diamond Classic, she has many years experience showing, judging and teaching. DON’T MISS THIS OPPORTUNITY TO SPEND A FUN-FILLED WEEKEND WITH YOUR HORSE! ! All meals and accommodations are provided FREE of charge ! Inside box stalls & outside pen available ! Overnight supervision will be provided ! Awards & Prizes Registration forms, waivers and a map to Paradise Ranch will be available on both the PHAC (www.phac.ca) and Paradise (www.paradisehorses.com) websites spring 2012. For more information please call or email Cindy at Paradise Ranch Phone: (250) 558 – 4743 Fax: (250) 558 – 4773 Email: info@paradisehorses.com.

Selective Breeding and Genetic Disorder The following information is a statement by : DR. Eleanor Kellon, DVM, made on the DSLD/ESPA yahoogooups.com website in response to a question about linebreeding. Although Dr. Kellon is using QHs as her example, this information applies to Peruvian Paso Horses as well with regards to DSLD/ESPA. This is a succinct bit of information worth absorbing by all who breed Peruvian Paso Horses. Dr. Kellon in response to questions about linebreeding..... “I'd like to suggest that the term this discussion is dancing around is *selective* breeding - not inbreeding. Yes, mutations are spontaneous or result from exposure to a mutagen. Yes, inbreeding or line breeding may concentrate a mutation and if it is a recessive trait will increase its expression. However, selective breeding is NOT necessarily inbreeding. It is selecting for breeding individuals with a specific trait, such as heavy muscling in the QH. HYPP is potassiumaggravated myotonia, resulting from mutations in the SCN4A gene. The phenotype of individuals with this disorder is heavy muscling. Two other genetic disorders in QHs are related to muscle. EPSM appears in horses with a high capacity for anaerobic work - high speed or draft work - which requires a highly glucose reliant muscle. QH Phenotype = short distance speed. The malignant hyperthermia gene holders are also phenotypically very athletic. Breeding did not cause these mutations, but selective breeding increased their presence in the gene pool. Myotonia was present in heavily muscled Western type horses long before it was actually described genetically in 1992. http://www.sciencemag.org/content/137/3534/979.abstract I saw my first case in the late '70s, in a heavily muscled Appaloosa. It did not start with Impressive, but the intensive breeding of Impressive widely distributed the gene. So, humans may not be responsible for causing the mutations. They are responsible for hiding negative consequences that show up with the phenotypes they are selectively breeding for, and they are responsible for deliberately breeding horses with these problems for the sake of a brief halter or race career. Even the stiff, shuffling gait so prized in pleasure QHs can be a myotonic trait. Selective breeding is fast-forwarded natural selection, but without any survival advantage. When we push the envelope, an ugly side of the trait we desire is bound to be uncovered. Dwarfism in miniature horses is another example. It is entirely possible that genes may actually segregate in groups related to a certain phenotype and that it takes the presence of a certain combination of genes rather than a single one for a trait to appear. I'm sure it's no coincidence that dwarfism only shows up in miniatures. (Dr. Gus Cothran is studying the genetics of this.) WE DIDNʼT CREATE THE GENES, BUT WE ARE RESPONSIBLE FOR SELECTIVE BREEDING THAT PUTS THESE GENES TOGETHER -Dr. Eleanor Kellon

Submitted by Pamela Johnston


1. 2.







Arnie and Stephanie Thiessen, Port Colborne, Ontario Email address: pasotyme@gmail.com Telephone: (905) 835-8894

Frozen semen preparation and use

becomes more popular, so the faster results will be achieved. There can be no doubt that the addition of the world's largest breed, the AQHA, to the ranks of breeds that permit registration of foals produced by frozen semen use will dramatically increase the speed with which advances are made.

By Jos Mottershead Part 1

The phrase conjures up a variety of emotions in the horse breeder, not the least of which is a negative response, often as a result of a lack of knowledge. As more Breeds permit the use of frozen semen, there can be no doubt that breeders will gradually loose their fears, and start to be able to appreciate the full value of frozen semen. The use of frozen semen is a collection of dichotomies – the convenience of having the semen already "on hand" at breeding time, compared to the smaller window of opportunity for it's successful use; the simplicity of the breeding process compared with the requirement for absolute attention to detail; the price per insemination dose for frozen semen being cheaper than for cooled semen, compared with the requirement for a larger initial outlay for the freezing; and so it continues... This article will explore the generalities of the freezing and insemination processes, and look at some aspects in greater detail, although it should be borne in mind that there are a variety of different protocols for freezing, and it is therefore impossible to cover them all here.

Stallion variability One vitally important point to note for both stallion and mare owners is that not all stallions have sperm that will survive the freezing and thawing processes. This is probably one of the biggest stumbling blocks seen with frozen equine semen. To compound this problem further, there is no predictable correlation between live cover, fresh or cooled semen fertility, and frozen semen viability. And one can add to that the fact that there is currently no single definitive test that has proven successful in testing thawed frozen semen for fertility other than pregnancy rates established with it's use. This is not to say that the failure rate is dramatic enough to prevent its use being feasible. Roughly 30% of stallions have sperm that will result in good quality thawed semen; a further 40% will have "acceptable" post-thaw results, and only 30% would be considered possessors of subfertile frozen semen. In other words, 70% of stallions have semen that is capable of achieving pregnancies once frozen and thawed. The process must however be carried out, and pregnancies achieved, in order to know what percentage group any individual stallion falls into. Research is being continually carried out to attempt to overcome these problems, and as the use of frozen semen

The freezing process Overview A brief overview of the freezing process reveals that sperm are separated from the seminal plasma; a freezing extender is added at a certain concentration; the re-extended semen is packed into "straws" at a known sperm concentration; the straws are frozen using liquid nitrogen, and are then submerged and kept stored in the liquid nitrogen until they are needed for use. Semen is reputed to be viable for 10,000 years once frozen, but realistically pregnancies have been achieved with sperm that have been stored for 10 to 12 years.

Straw size Semen is collected from the stallion in the same manner as is normal for fresh or cooled use, usually using an AV, although other methods may also be used. Once collected, a basic semen analysis is performed identifying such features as sperm concentration per millilitre; total gel-free volume; total numbers of sperm present; and progressive motility. These figures are then used to establish the numbers of straws that may be frozen from that ejaculate. Different protocols call for different numbers of sperm per straw, depending upon both the straw size and the particular protocol being used. "Straws" are short tubes commonly made of PVC. The two sizes of straw most common in North America are the half-millilitre (which is also seen in the cattle industry) and the "macro" straw which contains either four or five-millilitres. There are varied opinions as to which size straw yields the best results, and often the better freezing businesses will try a "test freeze" using both size straws (and usually a variety of different extenders) to establish which straw (or extender) works best with any given stallion.

Centrifugation Once the concentrations are established, a centrifugation extender is added to the rest of the semen to afford it a degree of protection and it is centrifuged to remove the majority of the seminal plasma. It's one of nature's little jokes that seminal plasma is detrimental to sperms' well being over an extended period of time. Some horses' seminal plasma seems to be more of a problem than others, and it is hypothesized that this is one part of the reason for variability of success rates seen from stallion to stallion. A larger volume centrifuge is used, usually holding several 50-ml vials, and the semen is spun at a moderately high speed, usually producing G-forces in the region of 300 to 800 G. There is also variability from stallion to stallion as to how hard or long the semen needs to be spun. Obviously one wants the maximum harvest of sperm from the semen possible, but if spun too hard or too long, damage will occur to the sperm, and they will not be viable after freezing and thawing - or possibly even before! A soft pellet of sperm is desired, and once that has been produced, the seminal plasma is removed. Some protocols call for the removal of all the seminal plasma, and some for all but up to 10%.

Packaging concentrations The math carried out to establish the total numbers of sperm in the ejaculate would also have provided the means to establish the correct number of straws to be frozen from the ejaculate. The half-ml straws are typically frozen at the rate of 400 million sperm per ml, and the "macro" straws are commonly packed to hold a total of 600 million sperm per straw. This would mean for example that an ejaculate containing a total number of 12 billion sperm would be capable of producing 60 half-ml straws, or 20 five-ml straws. Note that the figure used in most protocols is not progressively motile sperm, but total sperm per ejaculate. The only function that the progressive motility figure serves at the pre-freeze stage is to determine whether the ejaculate is worth processing. Ejaculates with a progressive motility pre-freezing of 50% or lower would not usually be considered worthwhile freezing, except under exceptional circumstances. Ideally one would see ejaculates with progressive motilities in the 70-80% range pre-freezing being presented. The number of progressively motile sperm post-thaw will be evaluated, and it is this figure that will determine the numbers of straws needed for an individual insemination. More of that later though.

The actual number of straws capable of being frozen from a single ejaculate is entirely stallion-dependent, as the individual stallion will produce different numbers of sperm from ejaculate to ejaculate, and at different times of the year. The average generally given as a guide, is that there will be sperm numbers sufficient to produce enough straws for between 5 and 15 insemination doses, but again, I must stress that this is very variable, and factors such as stallion age, frequency of use and general fertility will all come into play.

Freezing extenders Once the number of straws to be frozen is established, it is easy to determine the amount of freezing extender that is required by subtracting the volume of the sperm pellets remaining after centrifugation from the total volume of re-extended semen required for the straws to be frozen. Say that there were 6-ml of sperm pellet, then with the above numbers of straws to be frozen, one would need to add 24-ml of extender for the half-ml straw, or 94-ml of extender for the 5-ml size. Semen extenders are variable in actual ingredients, but all contain ingredients that serve a common purpose. There will be a nutrient, a buffer, a cryopreservant agent and antibiotic. A typical nutrient seen is a sugar, such as glucose or sucrose, which serves to provide energy source for the sperm. Buffers are added to balance pH and osmolarity of the solution, and the sugars also serve this purpose. The cryopreservant most commonly seen is glycerol, although others such as DMSO have also been used with varying success. The cryopreservant assists in stabilizing the cell during the freezing and thawing process. If one imagines the effect that is seen when a glass jar full of water is frozen (the water expands as it freezes, and the jar may crack), then one understands one of the most important stresses that sperm is subjected to during the freeze/thaw process. The cryopreservant actually causes the removal of (and in the case of glycerol, replaces a little of) the water found within the cell, so that there is not the same expansion factor upon freezing, and the cell membrane does not rupture. Egg yolk, which is a common ingredient in a wide variety of frozen semen extenders, serves several purposes. It has nutrient value for the sperm during the freezing and thawing process; acts to some extent as a buffer; and also most importantly "coats" the sperm cell, and thereby prevents changes to and losses of some of the lipoproteins present in the cell membrane that can occur during the freezing and thawing processes. Various antibiotics are added to control bacterial content that may be present in the raw semen. It should be noted that the antibiotics will only protect against bacteria and not viruses, for which being frozen in liquid nitrogen is an ideal storage medium. For this reason it is desirable that stallions to be frozen be tested EVA (equine viral arteritis) negative prior to collection.

Straw packing

Once the correct amount of extended semen is packed into the straws, an air bubble is introduced, and they are sealed. The air bubble is of paramount importance, and is present to prevent the same "freezing glass jar" effect discussed above, although in this case, the bubble permits the expansion of the semen during freezing and prevents the rupture of the straw, or the "blowing" of the sealant at either end.

The half-ml straws usually contain a "wick and powder" sealant at one end, which upon coming into contact with moisture (the semen) becomes solidified, and seals the top end (the "open" end of the straw is immersed into the semen and suction is applied, sucking the semen into the straw until the sealant at the top end prevents further suction by becoming solid). The bottom end of the straw is then sealed by using either polyvinyl alcohol powder (which is then dipped into water, and solidifies), or by inserting a small steel ball. The macro straws use steel or glass balls, and must have one end sealed prior to being filled. The semen is introduced into the macro straw by a pipettor that dispenses a pre-established amount. The open end is then sealed with another ball – often a glass one which may be of a variety of colours which later aids in identification.

Straw labelling It is important that all the straws carry a variety of information written on the outside. The stallions name, registration number and breed; the date the freeze was performed; and the type of the extender used should be considered a minimum. Other information that may be considered suitable for inclusion would be the freezing location and company and the antibiotic used in the extender. This information is essential for identification of the straws prior to insemination, and should never be omitted.

Cooling and freezing Some protocols call for a slow cooling period for the packed straws, from room temperature to approximately 5° Celsius over the course of a couple of hours prior to the straws being exposed to the liquid nitrogen for the final freeze. If that is required, it is carried out in an especially programmed slow cooling machine. For the actual freezing process, two methods are commonly seen. A programmable freezer, and freezing in liquid nitrogen vapour. The programmable freezing unit may also be capable of performing the slow cooling to 5° Celsius, and carries out the freezing process automatically once the straws are packed (some of the more expensive versions will even pack the straws).

With the nitrogen vapour freeze technique, the straws are placed onto a freezing rack and lowered into a Styrofoam box (such as a picnic cooler) that contains at least 3 inches of liquid nitrogen. The freezing rack is designed to support the straws one inch above the liquid nitrogen, at which point the temperature is minus 160° Celsius. After being held in that position for 10 - 15 minutes, the straws are plunged into the liquid nitrogen (the temperature of which is minus 196° Celsius). There are a variety of freezing racks available, but I personally believe the best to be one that floats on the liquid nitrogen at a known level, as this will result in an even freeze. Fixed racks are dependent upon the surface supporting the freezing box being level. If that surface is uneven as one end of the straw will be closer to the nitrogen than the other, it will result in both the air bubble within the straw floating to one end, and an uneven overall freeze, both occurrences of which are highly undesirable.

Transfer and storage Once the straws are frozen and have been submerged in the liquid nitrogen for 10 minutes, they are transferred to a liquid nitrogen storage tank, which is essentially an oversize thermos container that holds liquid nitrogen. The half-ml straws must be first placed in a "goblet", (which is pre-cooled in liquid nitrogen), and they in turn are placed in a "cane", which is stored in a "canister" within the tank. Failure to place half-ml straws in such a storage apparatus within the tank will cause them to be exceedingly difficult to retrieve for use, as they will float out of the canisters and then be loose in the tank.

The macro straws can be placed directly into the canisters for storage. There is only approximately four seconds available for transfer before thaw damage to the sperm occurs as a result of exposure to higher temperatures than the liquid nitrogen. From this it can be seen that care and respect in handling the frozen product is essential.

Part 2 Mare Monitoring and the Insemination Process

From the mare owners perspective, the use of frozen semen has many advantages, not the least of which is that there is the opportunity to breed to a stallion that may not be local, and yet not have to worry about semen transport and having it arrive in a timely manner relative to ovulation. Frozen semen can be ordered months or even years prior to it's use, and be stored in a nitrogen tank on farm, or at the inseminator's facility. On the "down" side, the successful use of frozen semen requires more intensive mare management than fresh or cooled semen inseminations and more attention to detail.

Timing To achieve the best pregnancy rates using the least number of straws, it has been seen that the most efficient protocol calls for insemination no more than 12 hours before, or six hours after the mare ovulates. This means there must be an intensive monitoring by either rectal palpation or ultrasound, or a combination of both. Generally it is accepted that when close to ovulation, checks should be made every four to eight hours.

Hormonal manipulation is of great use under these circumstances, with the use of hCG (human chorionic gonadotropin) or the synthetic GnRH Deslorelin implant "Ovuplant" being the most favoured. Timely use of these may actually ensure ovulation through the day, which is convenient to say the least! A full hormonal control using the combination progesterone and estradiol may even assist in setting the ovulation to be on a specific day.

If the number of straws available is not limited, and palpations or ultrasounds are not an option, there has been success achieved by insemination daily in the evening, commencing on the third day of "standing" estrus, through to it's cessation. As there are other associated negatives, this method should not be considered unless there is absolutely no alternative.

Thawing Transfer of the straw from the storage tank to the water bath for thawing must be facilitated as rapidly as possible. Thawing of the semen within the straw starts to take place at room temperature after only four seconds, and as a "rapid thaw" is critical to obtaining minimum damage to the sperm during the thawing process, damage will occur if the thaw takes place at room temperature. Ideally, the name of the stallion that is printed on the straw should be checked prior to it's being thawed, but this is not always possible. The canisters within a tank are all numbered, and a record log should be kept identifying what straws are kept in which number canister. Raising the canister in which the desired straw is stored up to the frost line of the tank will permit an easier access that may facilitate the name checking, but avoid sperm damage. As long as the straw is kept below that frost line, the temperature is not high enough to cause damage to the sperm. Once a straw is selected, it is ideally removed using forceps with tips especially recessed to permit their secure holding of the straw. Many people use their fingers, but this raises the temperature of the straw at the point with which the fingers and straw come into contact with each other. If you are using a half-ml straw, the straw should be held by the "wick and powder" end (it should be stored with that end up), and given a single, sharp downward shake to remove any residual nitrogen in the distal sealant region. If the stallion's name on the straw has not yet been identified, another attempt can be made at this stage prior to plunging the straw into the hot water bath. Remember though that there's only a four second window! Straws are thawed for a specific period, in hot water of a specific temperature, and following straw thawing protocols set out by the freezing facility (which information will ideally accompany the semen shipment) is essential. Usually these facilities will thaw one or more straws per freeze to establish best thawing rates (if they are not already known), and to review sperm post-thaw motility. Post-thaw sperm motility is not specifically related to overall fertility, but low progressive motility (lower than 30%) may indicate a potential problem, and often straws with such low motility are not released for commercial use. There are however instances of low progressively motile post-thaw sperm achieving good pregnancy rates, as well as the converse - sperm with high progressive post-thaw motility achieving none - so mare owners should always be prepared to ask what the "first-cycle pregnancy rate" is with frozen semen from a particular stallion (note: "firstcycle" not just "pregnancy rate" - 100% conception rate that requires six cycles to achieve is not a good selling point!). The two sizes of straws require different thawing temperatures and times. The half-ml straws are typically thawed in a 37° Celsius water bath for 30 seconds. There is another protocol for the halfml straw which is recognised as producing marginally better results, but it calls for 70° Celsius water for only seven seconds,

followed by 35° water for at least 5 seconds, and timing is so critical that an error of only a couple of seconds or degrees can make a significant difference. That low margin of timing error, coupled with the fact that the high water temperature is not always attainable is recognised as making this second thaw method usually not practical for use in other than the research domain. There are a variety of times and temperatures recommended for the thawing of the "macro" straw, ranging from 40 to 52 seconds, and 45° to 52° Celsius temperature water. Use of the half-ml straws will usually require the thawing of multiple straws to obtain the required insemination dose of 500 million motile sperm. It should be noted however, that there are a few freezing locations in the US and Canada that freeze an entire insemination dose in a single straw, so careful review of the supporting documentation is essential before thawing occurs. If multiple straws are required, they are usually thawed singly and pooled together prior to being drawn into the insemination syringe. Alternately, there is a type of insemination pipette available from the company "Minitube" called the "Universal pipette" that permits the introduction of multiple individual straws into the pipette for insemination one after the other, without removal of the pipette from the mare's cervix, thereby negating the need for pooling. The "macro" straws are thawed and drawn into an insemination syringe. Usually two straws at the most are required to provide an insemination dose, and on occasion, a single straw will suffice. In both cases, where an insemination syringe is used, it is essential that an all-plastic syringe be used to avoid the possibility of the sperm toxicity sometimes seen with regular syringes. While minimum delay is essential from thaw time to insemination, it is recommended that a small sample of thawed semen from each straw be warmed and evaluated prior to its use. Semen that shows progressive motility substantially lower than that advertised should be used with caution, if at all. It has been established that sperm "lyced" (exploded) during the freezing/thawing process add dramatically to the uterine inflammatory reaction normally seen post-breeding. If such a reaction is more severe than normal, it is possible that the uterine environment may be so severely compromised that even if a pregnancy is achieved, early embryonic death may occur as a result. The insemination process when using thawed-frozen semen is no different from that performed for fresh or cooled semen. Aseptic techniques should be observed, with a pre-breeding perineal scrub, reverse gloving of the inseminator's arm, and use of only sterile lubricant and supplies.

Post-breeding treatments The use of multiple doses of oxytocin and antibiotic infusions post-breeding have been shown to increase pregnancy rates in those mares that experience delayed uterine clearance during use of fresh or cooled semen, and as there is known to be a potential for a greater post-breeding uterine inflammatory response when using frozen semen, the use of the combination has been widely advocated as a precautionary measure regardless of the mare's uterine clearance ability. The first dose of oxytocin should be given no sooner than four hours post breeding, which allows the progressively motile sperm sufficient time to reach the

mare's oviduct. Four repeated doses at six hourly intervals, interspersed with a single antibiotic infusion one to two hours after the second oxytocin dose is one recommended regimen. A word of caution should be added in that a single application of antibiotics may not be sufficient to treat any bacterial infection that may be extant in the uterus if prebreeding determination of a "clean" environment was not established via the use of endometrial cytology and culture. Treatment of this kind is therefore contra-indicated as a resistant bacterium may be established as a result. Additionally, if a uterine yeast or fungus is present, a severe uterine infection may result.

Summary Frozen semen is not complicated to use from a mare owners perspective, although it is advised that a veterinarian well versed in reproduction, or a competent AI technician be used. For both mare and stallion owners, new markets become available, as with frozen semen speed of shipping duration is no longer an issue, which means that the semen market becomes truly global. From the stallion owners point of view it's use is a little more complicated, and does require some initial financial outlay. The average stallion facility will not have sufficient laboratory equipment or technical knowledge to freeze semen, so the majority of owners will retain the services of a freezing firm. Although initial outlay for freezing of a single ejaculate seems expensive, when one considers that the whole ejaculate is used to it's maximum efficiency, and that 15 or more insemination doses may be established from the single ejaculate, the cost of a single insemination dose in fact is cheaper than most commercially prepared cooled semen shipments. Convenience of use is the most acceptable feature for both mare and stallion owner. We have already discussed how the mare owner may order semen months in advance of it's anticipated use date, but convenience of timing is also

available for the stallion owner. If the stallion is competing during the breeding season, there is no need to interrupt show schedules by either breeding a mare or collecting semen for shipment. The semen can already have been collected in the "off" season, and frozen and stored for future distribution, thereby avoiding interruption of the stallions mental attitude by breeding. The "insurance aspect" for the stallion owner is also of tremendous value, with the knowledge that semen will still be available in the unfortunate event of the stallion's injury or death. Frozen semen is a comparatively new tool in many breeders' toolboxes, and as with any new tool, until its use is understood, there is trepidation felt by some. There is however little need for concern as long as mare preparation is meticulous; fertility of the stallion's frozen semen is proven; all recommendations made by the freezing facility (or the stallion owner) with regards to the semen and it's thawing are followed; insemination is made in a timely manner; and any required follow-ups (including confirmation of ovulation!) are carried out.

Š 2000 Jos Mottershead and Equine-Reproduction.com Printed with permission from Equine-Reproduction and not to be reproduced without permission.

Del Oeste Peruvians Welcomes

Trueno to his new home

Rob & Janice Sjodin www.ranchodeloeste.com

2011 Canadian National Ch. of Ch. Breeding Stallion

RSTD Trueno

Watch for RSTD Trueno in This Year’s Shows

BEASTS AND BIKES! by Lois Worden

Ontario Peruvian Horse Club

Until “High Noon” on Mon. Oct. 17, 2011, I was a horse trail rider in the Ganaraska Forest (an 11,000-acre conservation area) who hadnʼt thought too deeply about the consequences of multi-use, non-motorized trails in the Central Forest. That all changed in the blink of an eye when our party of 4 was near the end of a beautiful ride on our horses and was returning to the horse trailer parking area. A mountain bike rider came silently and unannounced from behind us startling my horse. Montana (my well-trained and relatively calm 6 year old gelding) lurched forward sending me into a whiplash motion. The subsequent sudden jolt in my saddle caused me to faint, I fell off to Montanaʼs left side and laid there motionless for a number of seconds in an unconscious state. Fortunately, the ground I fell on was clear of rocks etc. and basically soft sand. Also, fortunately, Montana was standing 1” away from me when I came to and he hadnʼt moved a muscle! I was able to be assisted back into my saddle and travelled the short distance to our truck and trailer. There were three NON-horse vehicles parked in the horse trailer lot. The ride home was painful enough, but the days since have been agony from my injuries…whiplash, bruised hip, dislocated sacra-ileac joint and a few other sore spots I will not mention here. I have spent many hours on ice and heat alternately plus several hundred dollars on therapies to try to gain some measure of comfort and mobility. I tell you my story, which I now realize is all too common after hearing from many other riders. In my opinion, it is imperative that our multi-use public trails develop some ironclad rules in order to make our riding experience safe. I have heard a great deal about RIGHTS but not much about RESPONSIBILITY from those who avail themselves of the privilege of enjoying these parks. EDUCATION would be a good place to start and my recommendations would be: 1) Signage to indicate the need to ANNOUNCE ONEʼS SELF when bikers are approaching horseback riders and hikers. Be specific on the wording of the signs about calling out “Iʼm coming up behind you”. Many signs at various strategic places on all the trails are imperative. 2) Distribution of Factual Information to users of the trails that the nature of horses is that they are PREY animals and thus they recognize people or objects (especially ones that “sneak” up on them silently) as PREDATORS and a threat to their well being. Horses have the potential to react accordingly…with possible danger to the rider of the horse or the biker/hiker who is approaching! Horses are

about a half-ton of potential for unexpected motions when they perceive themselves to be victims of a PREDATOR! 3 ) Wr i t t e n a n d v e r b a l C o n t r a c t Information when purchasing passes for multi-use areas. “Bikers must announce themselves first, and then step aside to let the horse or hiker pass without competition for space”. 4) Notification of special events such as races that may impact other users of the forest. 5) Respect the rules regarding the designated parking areas for horses and trailers only. I believe that my accident could have been prevented. My bottom line is that Rights, Responsibility, Rules and Respect have to be the guiding principles behind multi-use land. Unfortunately, the lack of good and civilized manners plus the lack of information leaves us all vulnerable. At the moment…in my state of discomfort, I am feeling that exclusive trails for each of the groups would be an even better idea! I can only hope I do not lose the rest of the riding season due to my need to recuperate and rehabilitate. My trainer, Val Henderson and I will do some further work over the winter with my Peruvian, MVF Montana to make his reaction to perceived threats less dramatic. When I am riding again, I hope I can see signs that changes have occurred as a result of bikers becoming aware of the potential danger to themselves and the horseback riders as a result of their inappropriate and irresponsible actions. Members of the Ganaraska Forest Recreational Users Committee and our local Horse Club have assured me that they are planning to address this issue. I am pleased about this since they literally have our lives and well being in their hands!

From ! E"tor’s desk Thank you all for your the articles, photos, and ads. Submissions of articles is greatly appreciated. I am keeping a library of photos so please keep them coming in. The size and layout of each Paca Paca issue will determine the number of photos that will be used so some may turn up in later issues. . It is my understanding that fonts that translate well into PDF format are:Courier, Helvetica, Symbol, Times and Zapf Dingbats. The next issue of the Paca Paca should be mid June. Until next time S$anne Bro%

Peruvian Horse Club of Alberta www.peruvianpasosalberta.com c/o 11003 Oakfield Drive S.W., Calgary, Alberta T2W 3H3 President : Chantelle Sawatzky ph.780-963-7419 email: chantelle.sawatzky@gmail.com Vice President: Shailah Olsen ph.780-963-3077 email: shailah_olsen@hotmail.com Secretary: Suzanne Brown ph 403-680-1122 email: suzy_brown@shaw.ca Treasurer: Lesa Steeves ph. 403-281-2114 email: lcsteeves @shaw.ca Director: Grant Mckinney ph. 403-710-0805 email: grantmckinney@xplornet.com

We would like to thank all who attended the Wild West Classic, sponsored classes and those who contributed to the Auction to help make it a success!!! Thanks to your support we are able to reduce entry fees this year!!! We look forward to seeing who is going to win Pizzarro始s Gold !!!!!

$$$$$$ 2012 Memberships are due and can be downloaded from our website.

Calendar of Events 2012 2012 PHAC Junior Showmanship Clinic May 25-27, 2012 Vernon, BC Clinic by: Cricket Donoho Hosted by: Paradise Ranch Contact: Cindy Zaitsoff Goldrush Classic - Double Show Central Coast Peruvian Horse Club Rio Grande Peruvian Horse Club June 28-30, 2012 Judge: Rolando Garcia Bertoncini Judge: Jose Risso Montes South Point Equestrian Center Las Vegas, NVwww.goldrushclassic.com Contacts: Eleanor Palmisano: cdpranch@msn.com Barbara Windom: barbara@LEAperuvianhorses.com

Wildwest Classic - Double Show PHCBC Regional Championship Show Wild Rose Regional Show July 13-15, 2012 Judge: (PHCBC) Kim Montee Cavataio Judge: (PHCA) Chris Austin Claresholm, AB Contact: Cathy Taggart( 250)546-3704 ctaggart@telus.net Earl Moker (403)-343-2814 lmoker@xplornet.com

NPHC Regional Show July 27-29, 2012 Show Judge: TBA Monroe, WA djjrbend@aol.com Diamond Classic August 17-19, 2012 Judge: (SPHC)Edie Gandy Judge: (Kneehill) Lionel Peralta Contact: Phoebe Soles (306) 929 - 2350 foxcreek@inet2000.com

Canadian National Peruvian Show Aug 30 - Sep 2 Judge: TBA Chilliwack, B.C. Contact: Ben Sawatzky ben@spruceland.ab.ca

US National Championship Show October 12-14, 2012 John Justin Arena Fort Worth, Texas Judge: TBA info@napha.net www.napha.net

Classified Ads Peruvian saddle for sale. Used just a few times, excellent condition. Some tooling, leather stirrups (not wood) with saddle pad. Must sell saddle, horses are sold. Call for more information, $600.00 OBO Christine 780-963-755


SDS Supremo HdN Coqueton x CBP Maxima

..…a ‘champion’ on the trail, in the show ring and at play

Salida del Sol Peruvians Earl & Lynn Moker RR#1 Red Deer, AB Canada T4N 5E1 403-343-2814


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