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THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 12, 2019

Indigenous Voices on Reconciliation Co-curated with Rose M. Spahan, Lower Nicola & Tsartlip Nations Please be aware that some of the artworks in this exhibition may provoke emotional experiences.

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REDRESS: Sacred Obligation

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CALDER CHOSEN TO SERVE AS ROTARY DISTRICT GOVERNOR CHRISTINE HINZMANN 97/16 staff

For more than 26 years, Lorne Calder has been a member of the Rotary Club of Prince George. He was recently named the 5040 District Governor Nominee and will serve his one-year term from July 2021 to June 2022. Rotary District 5040 includes 54 Rotary Clubs Prince George, Mackenzie, communities west to Prince Rupert, the Cariboo to 100 Mile House and Greater Vancouver. As a dedicated member of Rotary, he’s taken on every position there is as an opportunity to serve the community. “I was inducted in 1993 and I’ve been president, treasurer, sergeant-at-arms, and so I’ve done just about everything within the club,” Calder said. “I’ve also been assistant governor for the area for a three-year period, which is important because you get to know five different clubs and I have been actively engaged at the district level for a few years.” The mission of Rotary  is to provide service to others, promote integrity and advance world understanding, goodwill and peace through its fellowship of business, professional, and community leaders. To be designated as the district governo, there is an application process and Calder said he has applied for the position twice, knowing it takes time to get in line for it. There is a panel review and interview process. Calder knew in November that he was selected to serve as the 2021-2022 district governor. “It’s a big learning curve, there’s lots of training and leadership development that goes on so you can be successful in your one year,” said Calder, who was encouraged by many members of the three Rotary clubs in Prince George to pursue the role.

97/16 photo by Brent Braaten

Lorne Calder of the Rotary Club of Prince George has been named the Rotary 5040 District Governor from June 2021 to June 2022. There have been only two district governors in Prince George during the last 30 years. Neil King served in the late 1990s and Ron Neukomm served in the early 2000s. When Calder takes on his duties as district governor, he will be able to host the district conference in Prince George in 2022, which means there will be about 200 Rotary members in attendance. Usually conferences are

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about two and a half days and run Friday, Saturday and part of Sunday. District conferences feature inspirational speakers whose focus is leadership training and Rotary engagement as well as showcasing local Rotary clubs as vibrant organizations. “Sometimes we throw on another day in front of the conference for a day of golf, a fun event or project,” Calder said.

Calder’s family is also involved with the club. While his wife, Sue, is not an official member, she is very involved and Calder’s oldest son, Christopher, is currently the treasurer of the club and both he and younger brother Jeffrey have been on youth exchanges. “We’ve been an active Rotary family for over 25 years,” Calder said. “It’s in our DNA now. Prince George is a volunteer town so that’s what we do.”

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NEWS

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THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 12, 2019 | 3

FROM NORWAY TO P.G. FARM GIRL SENIORS’ SCENE KATHY NADALIN

S

ynove (Lea) deDreu, one of four children, was born in Sandefjord, Norway in 1943. She was born at home, on the farm, during the war. She remembers the stories her mother told of how the Germans occupied the top floor of their house during the war.  She was raised and schooled in Norway. Learning to knit with five needles was part of the curriculum in elementary school and Synove learned her lessons well. Her mom had a serious stroke in her early forties and spent one year in rehabilitation. Since Synove was the only girl in the family, she took on the responsibility to cook, clean, do the laundry, mend the clothes, milk the cows and quite often worked in the fields as needed. In those days, everything was done by hand and many hands were needed to turn the rows of hay and stook it to dry and then load it on wagons to take to the storage place in the barn.  She worked in the garden and helped with the sales of their strawberries and cucumbers for extra money for the household.  There was always work and Synove worked hard with no need for supervision.   The children always knew that Saturday afternoons and Sundays were special days set aside for them to just play and have fun.   After high school, she lived at home for the next six years and worked at a department store in kitchen wares and in the gift shop. In 1966, at the age of 23, she left Norway headed to Prince George for a job that was waiting for her. A Norwegian lady needed home care for her family after a surgery and Synove was summoned and agreed to help.  When she arrived, everything was new to her and she quickly found out that it was going to be difficult because she did not speak English. She went to night school and started to learn English; it was hard for her because at school, they did not understand her questions because of the language barrier.   Time went by and she applied for a job in the stockroom at the new Woodward’s department store. They hired her because of her experience and started her in the sporting goods department.   This was a new challenge because she had to learn how to sell and issue fishing and hunting licenses.  Synove said, “It was a great experience and I learned a lot for a new Canadian. It wasn’t long and I advanced to the fine china and kitchenware department which was my specialty at the store where I worked in Norway. I knew the difference between fine china, bone china and porcelain and I was able to explain to the customers why it was all so expensive.”

97/16 photo by Brent Braaten

Synove deDreu enjoys her garden at her Prince George home She worked at Woodward’s from 1966-69 and became the head of her department. Synove met and married Maurice deDreu in 1967. Maurice was born in Holland in 1942. He moved from Alberta to Prince George when the pulp mills came to town. They got married in Norway and visited Holland on the same trip.   Synove said, “Maurice worked at the pulp mill but all his life he wanted to be a farmer. The chemical smells at the pulp mill eventually made Maurice ill and he wanted to move out of town.   “I always said that I would never marry a farmer but I did. We homesteaded and then bought the land located just five minutes north of Salmon Valley on Beale Road. “We started homesteading with nothing. There were no buildings, no power and no source of water. We were very isolated and rarely saw other people. I am a very social person and I didn’t know it but I missed seeing people. When you are young and in love you look at things differently and those things didn’t seem to matter at the time.  “A pipeline went through our property and since I am a gardener, I planted strawberries where the land had been cleared.    “It is a long story but we had to have six families living along the road in order to even request installation of power lines. We had to clear five kilometres of land – from

McLeod Road to the end of Beale Road – by hand using a power saw in order to bring in power lines. Once we accomplished that, we had to agree to pay a minimum of $10 per month for the service before they would run the poles for power. Prior to this, we relied on kerosene lamps for light. “Once we had power, we began to develop our land with our D-7 Cat, built a small house, named our farm the Mountain View Ranch and started a family. We built a small barn for my chickens, goats and my geese.    “I worked at Polar Sawmills in Bear Lake from 1990-1999. At first, I got all the dirty jobs on clean up but I hung in there. I had the opportunity to take early retirement and I took it. It was extremely hard work for a woman but I was always thankful for the job and even more thankful for an early retirement. “Eventually we built a beautiful twostory house and the small house became a workshop. We cleared 130 acres of land to accommodate 70 head of cattle. We had a root cellar and raised and sold organic potatoes to the Cariboo Restaurant. We raised rabbits and sold organic rabbit meat.  “The ranch was a great place to raise our children. We had so much fun as we crosscountry skied as a family and with the Sons of Norway ski club on our many acres of land at the ranch.

“I grew a huge garden, baked, canned and pick berries because I wanted chemicalfree food for my children. “We have three children Roy, Anita and Erick who gave us three grandchildren. We raised a foster child for four years and that was a very rewarding experience. “I spent 51 years on the ranch and I turned into a real farm girl. When I turned 70, I moved into Prince George. I worked hard all of my life and it didn’t hurt me one bit but now I wanted to just enjoy a small garden, a social life, go to the theatre and go dancing in my senior years while I was still able to. “One of my greatest joys is having been a member of the Sons of Norway since 1967. The Norwegian ladies are like a second family to me. With my family still back in Norway I was homesick (we were all homesick) and these ladies filled that void for me. I was invited to weddings and birthday parties and I felt like I was part of this big happy family. We all worked together and the Sons of Norway ladies auxiliary group put together two fund raising events each year and donate the proceeds to local charities. “My proudest and happiest time of my life is all about my children and the fact that they gave me three wonderful grandchildren.”

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ADVOCACY IS A QUIET ACT OF STRENGTH T here are a lot of catchy words and phrases out there – things that are trying to sell us something or convey a complex concept in simple terms. Many of these catch phrases and words are used in business and work environments so often that they lose all meaning and significance. I’d like to talk about one of those words today: advocacy. I’ve heard this word a lot in my line of work.  “You have to advocate for yourself.”  “We’re advocates for our clients.” Advocacy is a nice word. It sounds intelligent. It has a weighty importance to it. But what does it really mean? How do you advocate for someone? How do you advocate for yourself? I’d like to share my story of advocacy as related to my struggles with mental illness after the birth of my first child.  I hope this story can show how simple advocacy can be, but also how important it is, how life saving it can truly be. After the birth of my first child, my mother moved in with us from halfway across the country.  At this point my baby was a few months old and I had been feeling a bit off for the past few weeks.  My mother was the first person to say something to me and suggest I might not be well.  I just snapped at her and said I was fine.   Because isn’t that what you do? Of course she was right, I wasn’t fine. After her words had a couple days to sink in, I was able to admit to myself the

TALES FROM THE (M)OTHER SIDE

ALANA OIKONEN

truth: I was coming apart at the seams and I needed help. I made the decision to talk to the doctor at my daughter’s next check-up. At the four-month checkup, the doctor who saw us was not my regular doctor. She was someone I had never met before or even seen at the office. I knew going into the appointment that I was still not feeling well. Things were not getting better. My anxiety about producing enough breast milk was incredibly high. I was barely making it through the day without freaking out. I often yelled and raged and I would never have described myself as an angry person in the past. The doctor did a perfectly good job of checking out my equally perfect, healthy baby. But you know what she didn’t do? Ask me anything about how I was doing.  I had been sitting there, in one of those completely uncomfortable plastic chairs, holding my chubby squirmy baby and waiting. Waiting for the moment when she was going to ask me about my mental health (which my regular doctor had done at our previous two-month checkup). The words were swirling around in my head, dancing on the tip of my tongue, just waiting to pour out.  

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But she never asked. And I never told. Instead I sat there realizing this was the end of the appointment, and she wasn’t going to ask and I had that feeling – that weighty feeling of knowing I should say something but I couldn’t. The words weren’t just caught in my throat, they were caught in my brain.  They were trapped in the mass of chaotic thoughts I had about myself and my situation; that I was not a good mother, that I should be able to make myself feel better, that this would just go away if only I worked harder to think positive, that this doctor would judge me horribly for admitting I sometimes got so angry at my baby I yelled at her, that I felt inadequate and incompetent and that I would never get it together. I don’t remember leaving the doctor’s office. To be honest, a lot of my memories of those early months with my daughter are kind of patchy or missing altogether. Like a blurry photograph where you can barely make out what’s happening and certainly can’t see any of the details. I do remember having a conversation with myself about how I needed to try harder, I needed to be more positive. I was young, educated, had support, had a nice home and enough money to get out of the house and do things with my baby.   I didn’t fix it.  It got worse.   It got scary.

The next doctor’s visit was the sixmonth baby checkup. Before that appointment, I did one of the bravest things I have ever done. I told my mom I needed to ask for help, that I should have already asked for help, but I hadn’t. I had her come to my appointment with me to make sure I got those words out: “I am not well. I need help.” I did get those words out. Thank goodness. Because I really needed help. Having my mom there and my regular doctor to talk to took that lump out of my throat and stilled some of the chaos in my mind. It was still hard to say the words. It is hard to admit what feels like a failure, for anyone, at any time.   My mother was my advocate that day. Yes, my mother who simply sat there beside me, offering emotional support, was my advocate. She didn’t have to say anything, but I knew she would if I needed her to. I knew she would be my voice if mine failed. For me, just having her there beside me was enough: it gave me the strength to be honest. Advocacy sounds complicated. It sounds like something other people do: smarter people, stronger people. Anyone can be an advocate. Advocacy is about speaking your truth or supporting others to speak their truth. Advocacy is a quiet act of strength and one I believe we are all capable of, if only we believe in ourselves.

FUN WITH SCHOOL SUPPLY SHOPPING T here is something gloriously stressful about September. Back to school supplies, new clothes, crisp fall evenings, rotty plants in the garden that you should do something about. I love it. Being behind in life, as I have been for quite some time, this year I decided that I don’t care if we have a thousand pencil crayons and pencils at home, I am buying everything new because it was easier. My craft area in my house (which is less of an area and more of a random assortment of things in eight different places), is disorganized. I have Pinterest dreams of having a beautifully organized craft area with tidy rows of paint bottles and drawers of the same sized paper and pencil crayons in the original boxes (all sharpened). The ideal craft area also includes felts with their lids and none of them are dried out. This is not my reality. Our felts are (mostly) in a mandarin orange box that is precariously stacked on top of a variety of partially used scrapbook paper that I keep in the vain hope that I will eventually complete a scrapbook for my kids of the first five years of their life (they are currently eight and almost six years old so I am a bit behind).  The wax crayons are an assortment of peeled and broken horrors that live in an old perfume box and also on my living room floor. Occasionally, I also find crayons mashed into the fabric in the minivan. Restaurants should not let you bring crayons home as they never seem to make it into

HOME AGAIN MEGAN KUKLIS

our house but are dropped into a million pieces like a colourful bread crumb trail. Such as it is, it was easier buying the school supplies new than it was to organize my existing shame. So one evening in late August, I asked my mom if she wanted to come school supply shopping with me. She said something like, “Boy, do I ever!” with no small amount of sarcasm and we went school supply shopping, without the kids. It was amazingly easy. When you don’t bring the kids with you, they have no opinions and therefore, you can buy whatever you want. I always enjoy shopping for school supplies and when browsing the rows of binders, I always feel a little bit nostalgic for my old Trapper Keeper binder – it was dark purple with a giant tiger on it. It was amazing. I am fortunate enough to be teaching a couple of classes this term (more to come on this in later columns, I’m sure), so I was also able to pick up a few things for me. From our family to yours, happy back to school. I wish you great joy in shopping for the right kind of glue sticks and the correct amount of sharpened pencils (don’t forget the 100 boxes of tissue paper).


EVENT LISTINGS

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THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 12, 2019 | 5

AROUND TOWN Classical Concert

Thursday at 7:30 p.m. at Trinity United Church, 3555 Fifth Ave, Living Room Live presents a classical music concert featuring soprano Sawyer Craig and pianist Nicola Davies. Hosted by the Prince George Conservatory of Music. Tickets are $20 at the door. Contact: 250-564-7467 | pgconservatory@gmail.com

Sea Cadet Open House Thursday from 6 to 9:30 p.m. at the Connaught Youth Centre, 1491 17th Ave., the Sea Cadets, a youth organization for teens aged 12-18 will showcase the wide range of activities they do including building leadership skills, good citizenship and physical fitness. Teens and their parents are invited to join the fun filled evening to learn about the organization. Contact: 250-562-0158

Women in Business Networking Lunch Thursday from noon to 1 p.m. at the Coast Inn of the North, 770 Brunswick St., Community Futures FFG is pleased to host a Women in Business (WIB) Networking Lunch where women can connect with each other. Bring yourself, bring a friend if you wish and bring some business cards to share with others as you network. Lunch will be served a la carte.Register by phone or email. Contact: 250-562-9622 |  general@cfdc. bc.ca.

Ferret Frenzy 2 Saturday from 1 to 3 p.m. at the Knowledge Garden, Prince George Public Library, 888 Canada Games Way, the ferrets are back. Have you ever wondered what ferrets are like as pets? Join Ferrets North Information and Rescue Society in the Knowledge Garden. Enjoy a short presentation, bring questions, and best of all - meet some ferrets. Feel free to BYOF (bring your own ferret). Weather permitting. Contact: 2505639251  |  adhanjal@pgpl.ca

FSJ: Kill Them With Love Tour Saturday from 7 to 10 p.m. at ArtSpace at Books & Company, 1685 3rd Ave., see Mwanasi during his comedy tour. He has performed in Canada, USA, and Africa and is just launching his Kill them with

97/16 photo by Brent Braaten

The new home for the Tapestry Singers is at Trinity United Church downtown. The community choir is inviting all schoolaged children who would like to participate in a choir to come out for rehearsals over the next couple of Thursdays. Love Tour. Tickets are on for $15 and are up for purchase through eventbrite. Contact: 250-563-6637.

Discovering the Forests Monday from 7 to 8:30 p.m. at The Exploration Place, 333 Becott Pl., Discovering the Forests through the people in Papua New Guinea will be presented by Dr. Michelle Venter, post-doctoral researcher at UNBC. Venter’s work in ecology has allowed her to lead field expeditions in remote locations including the Australian Outback, Bering Sea and tropical forests of Papua New Guinea. She studies the relationship between forest carbon, climatic, and abiotic variables. Doors open at 6:45 p.m., lecture starts at 7 with a Q&A after the lecture until 8:30 p.m. This event is free thanks in part to the generous support of the Prince George Community Foundation and the Regional District of Fraser-Fort George. Contact: 1-866-562-1612

University Women Open House Wednesday at 7 p.m. at Magnolia Gardens’ club room, 2055 Ingledew St., the Prince George chapter of the Canadian Federation of University Women (CFUW) would like to invite any interested women to attend the open house. We are committed to the promotion of education and improvement of the status of women and girls. As well we have on going social events such as book club and bridge. Learn more about the group. We welcome new members. Contact: Maureen Fotos 250-561-0403 | mlfotos44@gmail.com

Friday Night Mics Every Friday at 7 p.m. Books & Co., 1685 Third Ave., in Cafe Voltaire, hosts an open mic night for all musicians local or just passing through. The weekly event features great music, audience engagement, tasty beverages and treats while intermission finds people browsing through book shelves filled with contri-

butions from local authors as well as best sellers. For more information visit www. booksandcompany.ca.

Family Gaming Afternoon Every Saturday until Dec. 7 from 1 to 3 p.m. at the Nechako Branch, Prince George Public Library, 6547 Hart Highway, bring the family to monthly gaming afternoons at Nechako Branch and play a variety of tabletop board games and video games. Contact: 250-563-9251  |  ask@pgpl.ca.

Scrabble Sundays Every Sunday from 1 to 3 p.m. at Books & Co., 1685 Third Ave., in Cafe Voltaire there is Scrabble Sunday every weekend. Bring friends, family or yourself and your scrabble board. Contact: 250-563-6637  |  orderbooks@shaw.ca Continued on page 6

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EVENT LISTINGS

6 | T H U R S D A Y , S E P T E M B E R 1 2 , 2 0 1 9

AROUND TOWN Continued from page 5

Wordplay Open Stage Night Third Thursday of every month Books & Co., 1685 Third Ave., hosts Wordplay Open Stage Night in Cafe Voltaire from 7:30 to 8:30 p.m. This event is geared for poets and storytellers, aspiring, published or professional. Bring original work, take the stage and share with a creative reading.

Tapestry Singers Sept. 12, 19 and 26 at 3:30 to 5:30 p.m. for junior choir and Sept. 12 and 19 at 6 to 8 p.m. for senior choir – all students in the community are invited to attend rehearsals at Trinity Downtown, 1448 Fifth Ave., where students in Grades 4 to 7 and Grades 7 to 12 can see if the choirs are the right fit for them. For information visit tapestrysingersd57.weebly.com/ or email carolynduerksen@hotmail.com.

Ladies’ A Cappella Boot Camp Sept. 24, Oct. 1 and 8 at Studio 2880 15th Ave., the White Spruce City Chorus, where every voice matters, invites

women of all ages to Tune Up Their Voice. To reenergize a passion for singing, women are invited to attend these events. Regular rehearsals are every Tuesday at Studio 2880. For times and more information call 778-675-9224.Â

Red Green Sept. 26 He’s colourful in name and deed. Red Green is the bumbling but pleasantly practical TV fix-it man, the clown prince of duct tape, the sage of the man-shed. This Canadian comedy icon is coming to Vanier Hall on his Red Green-This Could Be It Tour. His P.G. shows are always a sell-out. Get tickets at the TicketsNorth website/box office.  

Chris Gaskin Comedy Tour Special Oct. 5 from 7 to 10 p.m. at Artspace, above Books & Co., 1685 Third Ave., hometown boy Chris Gaskin will be taping his first ever comedy special. Hailed by Brielle Magazine as the BabyFaced Assassin, Gaskin is known for commanding audiences’ attention with his innocent looks and sharp tongue, which has led to him being described as, brutally honest and hysterical. Tickets on sale at eventbrite.com

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Patrick, Scott & Tessa Oct. 12 During last year’s sold out Thank You Canada tour, it was clear to figure skating superstars, Tessa Virtue, Scott Moir and Patrick Chan, that they were far from done creating and developing a new style of skating entertainment. They and some special guest performers come back to CN Centre to show the Prince George fans what they’ve come up with next.  Rock The Rink is the first edition of an annual tour that focuses on being more than a figure skating show. Combining the highest level of on-ice superstar talent with an ever-evolving touring production, Rock The Rink will produce the highest value of entertainment in the figure skating realm. This year – along with upgrades to lighting, video and interactive technology – live music will be introduced to the show, with featured special musical guest, Birds of Bellwoods.

Burton, Live Oct. 18 Canada’s piano man, the Guess Who’s epic vocalist, the only artist inducted into the nation’s music Hall of Fame for both his band and his solo career, the incomparable Burton Cummings is coming to PG. He was the power voice propelling American Woman, These Eyes, No Time, Clap For The Wolfman and many other

hits of the groundbreaking band The Guess Who, but then when he went solo he continued the multi-platinum success with I Will Sing A Rhapsody, Stand Tall, My Own Way To Rock, Fine State Of Affairs, You Saved My Soul, Break It To Them Gently, and more besides. Cummings will be solo at the piano at Vanier Hall. Tickets are on sale now through all TicketsNorth platforms. 

World Curling March 14 start Don’t let the date fool you. The event may be in 2020 but the plans are underway now and the tickets are on sale for this Prince George groundbreaker. P.G. goes global as the host of the World Women’s Curling Championships. Get your tickets now, and spread the word to friends and family everywhere that this is the time to come spend some Prince George time and get a close, personal view of the world-class action the rest of the winter sports community will only get to see on TV. Oh yeah, and there’s also the great social side of curling – there’ll be no bigger party in Canada. Contact Tickets North for tickets and info. 

Let us know about your coming events by emailing us at events@pgcitizen.ca

garage Sale map FeaTured In FrIday’S ClaSSIFIed SeCTIon DeaDline for the friDaY Map is 12 noon on thursDaY sorrY, no exceptions You Will receive • a six line word ad in our Friday Classified Section • an address listing on our Garage Sale Map (Friday Classified edition) • a six line word ad in our Saturday Classified Section • online listing at princegeorgecitizen.com • Balloons, neon signs and list of garage sale tips (while quantities last)

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Sept. 26, Park 1927 in Haiste, Sask., Travis peacefully passed Zenon Clifford October Coming Events Susumu 30, 1982 away June 14, Prince George, The family - June 7, 2016 in BUSINESS 2016. Memorial Services of Travis BC. Laurent announce Shop, next for sale, Sewing was regret Zenon Park raised on a merchandise to Nelly’s Pub, Vancouver his sudden passing to Personal Messages farm in all . Travis for sale, enquiries Chamberla Sask., married in missed A Celebration 1955 they serious only. 250-564-2262 between by mother will be sadly nd in 1954, came to Rita LADY Looking 10am-3pm, Gardiner, forest industry will be held Of Life Prince George 7326 Wendy and in for fit gentleman, 250-64073-80 for father for (Bill) and raise Haiste, daughters Laurent companionshi Ann Blancha Toby smoker/drinke their family. to work in the p. Non Brother entreprenewas a hard working FATHERS rd Eden and(Leona) need apply. r. Only serious Kagetsu, 1:00pm DAY Tyler, Grandpare PANCAKE Emily, Clifford & c/o The PrinceReply to Box Monday Learn how ventures urial and inventive man with BREAKFAST Mark Kagetsu, 1032, June July George Citizen nts Mitzi June 19, fice outlet to operate a Mini-Ofan spirit. at Sunrise 4, 2016 2016 equipment in life include: Dirk HaisteHaiste, Uncles Retired gentleman Julia, Aunt Eagles puter. Can from your home Bruce farmer, Some of his 1255 RaymerVillage(Arlene) Tracy (Kevin non smoking looking for backyard operator, sawmill 6742 Dagg Hall boxer, friends. sis or full be done on a comand daughter& a lady for Road Gagel), ionship, p/t time 8:30 am companKelowna, Avenue, musician; inventor. Laurent owner, miner,heavy FREE online if you choose. bamany family to 11:00 Kagetsu. Predeceased by perhaps for outings, walking, BC am training and was also a port. and Grandfathe however his main instrument and fee. Reply movie or just a www.project4wsupa cofr Harry Travis you Laurent ness.com to Box Prince George was the great banjo, guitar could also ell1071, c/o will be forever Citizen. fiddle, Personal Messages and harmonica play the in our hearts. of the Old Love your Time Fiddlers . He was mandolin, family always enjoyed ANYONE a member Employmen for with a drinking being aroundmany years. Laurent joking, lem? Alcoholics t probtelling Box 1257, people, Anonymous, entertained stories Prince George, Obituaries laughing, 250-564-7550 Bryan Minor Laurent and keeping generous, . Restaurant/H BC. people otel passed away Robert Mooney others in and always did was kind, creative, CRIMINAL EXPERIENCE what he RECORD? need. with his dian his side children ress needed.D Cook & could to Dad was CanaRecord family (Criminal help Suspension CYNTHIA Accepting Waitsumes at age of June 3, 2016 at by welcome and grandchildren, very proud Camelot American Pardon) seals record. 82 TAYLOR, Restaurant. reand everyoneof his December remembere years. He will the hearts. in his home. He entry. WhyWaivers allows Born 4, 1959, legal will be forever d and sadly was be risk employment, suddenly business, by his Laurent passed missed Skilled Help in our loving ortation, travel, licensing, She will on June 12, children LeBlanc is survived by peace of depwife Jean, 2016. consultation mind? his children: FULL Time her motherbe sadly missed 1-800-347-254 Free (Craig); Derrick and Pamela Forsythe, (Rose), Jeanine Maurice Apply withinHair Stylist needed. grandchildr 0 Jeannot her husbandIrene LeBlanc by LeBlanc, Leanne, (Rick), at Studio en Colleen, LeBlanc, Parkwood and Greg, Mykel, Aline Brent Cuts, Place. and all Maya; 10 Trent, Mark, Rawlings, Pauline Jaggers Valerie LeBlanc-Li the Taylor Hendricks Kirk, Michelle great Blake, (Ray), lly friends Shirley (Glenn), Samuel, grandchildr Logan and Price (Brian). she has family and Jacqueline Obituaries Celebration en; including Vaughan (Marcy). (Cortney), Lisa, Kyle (Meghan), Grandchild her dog, left behind of life to (Dorothy) and siblings He is ren: Saturday, be held Gaylene, Stephanie, Danielle, Davaline Michael, and predeceas at 2120 Baby Girl. Duke welcome. June 18 at Chantelle Melenka, ed by Dwayne Pine St service willsister Jean and Alissia, Melvin daughter (Jaromi), (Mike), Bryan, For 1:00pm. on brother Mitchell contact Latisha, 4:00 pm be held on Monday, Lyle. A and Brady. (Mega Toys Henning Shanna, Tiny at viewing information Everyone Wayne, at Concordia Quinton, It is with 250-640-85 562-6038 Mel) Great grandchildr June 20, funeral South Main Saffire, Savina, Kiera, Kenzie, 57 or Brent, please 2016 at Lutheran family of heavy hearts en: St., Penticton, Michael Liam, Brandon, Church, Siblings: Ronin, Mykyl, at 2502800 passing Mel announces the Gabrielle BC with donationsSchutz officiating. Lucien LeBlanc, on June his Hamelin, Jesse and Erick. pastor may be the age Gerard Society Deserosier Mathias made to In lieu of flowers, of 55. Mel 5, 2016 at QUEEN LeBlanc, Village The Good by his VONDA is survived Ave., Penticton, By The nephews, (Louis). As wellLeBlanc (Lori), Yvonne January Samaritan Station, daughter son Myles 12, as numerous cousins, BC V2A Condolenc 270 Hastings Laurent and June 13, 1927 family Megan 2V6. Victor Melenka. nieces, was mother With heavy 2016 and www.provides may be sent Marie, parentspre-deceased in-law, and friends. Mel also and father Eileen his (Donna), to the family encefunera the passing hearts we announce 1774 leaves his Juliette LeBlanc,Michel and by his loving wife and lhomes.com through of Eleanor (Francis), sisters Brenda brother Perry Ropchan. Rita (Barry), Bazinet. Therese Maria LeBlanc, sisters Vonda 250-493Carol, Amanda hunting, nephews,nieces Wife, Hudon, grandmoth airmodeler Family and and Simonne mother, Dad would and Friends s and black cousins, also was borner and friend. service for are was a very come help you powder Families. his Saskatchew in Duck Vonda on SaturdayLaurent at St. invited to a any time loyal friend, Lake, an. She and roll prayer love of Ropchan. of day, he married brother, a gathering June 25, 2016Mary’s Catholic Church her the Dad loved model to many, son at 10am, touched They were married life, Norman of friends Citizens camping always hardand uncle many followed Nicoli and family for Dad, Hall. and people’s 64 years. sense by cooking for it didn’t working. at the Elder of humor. lives Mom matter quading, everyone. Norman Predeceas and had a great motor biking, if it was RCing, and their sitting around ed lovingly black powder fishing, Joyce Elizabeth rememberedaughter Cheryl. by husband the fun. Love Al Ropchan, shooting d by Sharlene Vonda will Lazar (neeKecho you Dad, camp fire, you always or be Celebration we will all Kim Ropchan, granddaug Greenwood made it ) miss of hters Life to be you. date. , Jo-Anne went to Greenwood Jamie announced Forrest, McIvor and many June 11, be with the Lord Service at a later and other on battle with 2016 after a lengthy Tuesday, of Remembrancefamily and friends.Claire June 21, will be With great RYAN MICHAEL to family cancer. Her devotion Home, 1055 2016 sorrow, HORNE Ospika Blvd. at Lakewood held on passing supported and belief in of Ryan we announce Funeral God her during the January Michael and ultimately her 15, 1984 Horne. Ryanunexpected We will sadly gave her illness June 11, Joyce is 2016-He and suddenly passed was born peace. miss Ryan enjoyed was 32 children her loving survived by Richard, With Deepest you Mom. away on Kim, Sharlene, Donna spending years old. Love; his friends, (Tom) Makowsky,Lazar (Martinhusband of 57 Al, Jo-Anne, time with years, Billinkoff), phone; he whether it be his family (Cara) Richard and Samantha Jamie, Claire Deborah Lazar, and (Joyce) with them always ensured in person or sisters Maryanne Lazar, Royce on the Joan (Anton) (Bill) and lifting every day. He that he was in contact Justin, Sentes, Rebecca, Glute, grandchildr also enjoyed at the It is hanging Ashley gym, with profound Paul, en Steven, training with his sadness dog Lync making people love of his (Derrick), (Philip), AmandaSarah (Ryan), and snuggling laugh, John, Richelle announce that (Liam), we Ryan is life; Crystal. Caylee, (Von), Randi-Lynn the passing with the Rhianon lovingly of our beloved his parents remembere grandchildrDanielle, and (Danko), brother, d and cherished Brian and Gerard husband Joyce wasen Owen, Hailey, Karissa, and Lorrie, his great Sienna, Forrest Garden. by predeceas sister Tracy-her grandfathe Tom-and their and Elizabeth ed by her and Myra. daughter born in Gerard was Uncle Gregr Jack Horne, Aunts respectivel Kecho parents Lucy, the in Steve George his Prince and the USA.Robertson, many Linda and Lestock, y. Born September1989 and Diane, Regional Saskatchew Hospital, cousins Ryan is 22, 1938,2014, resided in Canada an in from Prince graduated in Crystal also survived by moved to Sask. until Jan. Joyce grew up George Prince George. 1970 when the love College and son/dog Prince, his step-son for 11 years of his life the Lync, most of and spent and retired She worked at family Shanda, Lane Prince, grandmoth his working Jordan and in-laws-Alphonse, Woolco when er in 1985. career The wake Joyce’s spirituality niece Brielle, at Northwood A woman she became Mandy, will be Pulp. a and Chewie. of Catholic personal family. With held at shaped by his father his house and mother, Gerard is predeceas 16, 2016 friends, and family-from took time a generous and strengthen faith, Left to for ed her and caring Elroy and to make ed pm. The at 5:00 pm to Saturday, Thursday, close special. Garden grieve his loss Elda Garden. heart, she She enjoyed each family June Funeral (Gale), are June 3:00pm for her grandchildr is on Saturday, member Don Garden brothers, John Garden. 18 at 1:00 baking delicious at Lakewood Robert feel Ospika Blvd. were a crowd Sisters, Julie (Marie Claire), en and Garden Funeral June 18 at (Carmen Dinner to Thony (Ernie), favourite.A her homemade goodies Fr. Centre at with her (Jim), Patricia Home,1055 Conforti), follow at long with 4:30pm. donuts Paula Valerie the Friendship camping, ever-expanding spending uncles, nieces Garden. As Robinson time and nephews. well as many she was fishing, hunting family, Joyce The family never one loved and aunts, game. our hearts, wishes to thank, to turn down gardening, Joyce travelled a card or and highlight that cared all of the doctors,from the bottom of she and was the August extensively, and board particular, for Gerard during nurses and one their 50thRichard took with 2009 Alaskan his illness. staff Dr. Fibich, Dr. Ducharme, cruise the family anniversar In life will and Dr. Dr. Valev, Dr. Dr. York, Dr. Kraima, to celebrate y. A be K. Immaculate Saturday, Junecelebration of Joyce’s unit. WeYu, as well as the Wilson, Dr. L. Wilson 18 at 2:00 Ave. Prince Conception Church, love and have a special nurses at the p.m. at cancer George, 3285 Cathedral declines volunteers appreciation for acknowledgement BC. the nursing at the of made to flowers, however, Her family gratefully We love staff and the Prince you dearly Prince George donations Joyce’s Hospice Gerard’s and may can be physical George Hospice House. her family Society. presence Cathedral funeral will take God bless you all. will be place at the beauty takes comfort 18, 2016 (887 Patricia Blvd.) missed, Sacred in on Saturday Heart Arrangeme and peace in whichher eternal soul but presiding. at 11:00 am nts in care with Fr. and June she In lieu Home. 'RQҋWWDNH\ donations John Garden of Grace now resides. of RXUPXVFOHV flowers, to Memorial the Prince IRUJUDQWHG or the BC  kindly Funeral George 2YHU Cancer Association Hospice make &DQDGLDQVZ Grace Memorial  House . 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THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 12, 2019 | 7

This is the front page from the September 10, 1919 edition of the Prince George Citizen. You can search all of The Citizen’s archives online at pgnewspapers.pgpl.ca

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LOCAL DIRECTOR OFF TO STRATFORD CHRISTINE HINZMANN 97/16 staff

A local artistic director and theatre instructor will be on her way to the Stratford Festival in Ontario to take her place as assistant director for a classical play at the end of this month. Melissa Glover didn’t hesitate to take the opportunity when it was offered even though she won’t know what production she’ll be involved with until just a few days before she leaves. Glover has been working as an assistant director at Theatre Northwest for the last five years and offers theatre classes to youth through Shooting Stars Theatre. Glover will be under contract in Stratford from Sept. 25 to Oct. 17 and before this opportunity came up she had applied for the Michael Langham workshop that takes place at the Stratford Festival next spring and summer. She won’t know if she’s accepted into that program until November. Glover made a connection with Bonnie Green, the playwright of Meet My Sister, whom she met at the Western Canadian Theatre in Kamloops, along with the play’s director Sharon Bajer when it was presented at Theatre Northwest this spring. Through those connections Glover said she was able to find her way to Stratford to learn from Canada’s best. “I started to take an interest in directing in 2010 when I directed the Vagina Monologues at UNBC,” Glover said. “I’ve been acting since I was five so I always loved performing and being on the stage and then I went to theatre school for acting and I just realized there’s a lot of stress in acting professionally and you’re going to hear ‘no’ a

97/16 photo by Brent Braaten

Melissa Glover has been given the opportunity to be assistant director at Stratford Festival for a classical play at the end of September. Stratford or Shaw - they are the two biggest that she would like to explore and that’s lot of the time and it’s very difficult and I refestivals so it’s kind of neat to say yeah, I’m ally have just always loved directing because what inspired her to start directing. Right now it’s all right that it’s a mystery as actually going.” then you’re part of the whole picture where Local actor Alana Hawley went to Stratsometimes as an actor you’re not - you’re just to what play she will be assistant directing. “A part of me kind of wants to know but at in certain scenes but a director has to see ford in 2007 and Glover acknowledges it’s a the same time it’s kind of neat to not know a vision for the entire play and I’ve always rare opportunity for her. yet,” Glover said. “As a professional artist the been fascinated by that.” “It’s really neat to do it from the directing dream when you’re in Canada is getting to Glover said she has a lot of creative ideas side versus the acting side,” Glover said.  

WELLS GALLERY HOLDING ART AUCTION IN P.G.

You’re two clicks away from making our day!

97/16 STAFF

Island Mountain Arts will be hosting its Bids & Brews fundraiser art auction and dinner in Prince George on Oct. 5. The fundraiser, which also features an online auction, will help support the programs offered by the gallery in Wells, including the Toni Onley Artists’ Project, International Harp and Cello School, ArtsWells Festival of All Things Art, gallery exhibitions and the artist-inresidence program.

Go to our newspaper’s Facebook page (@pgcitizen) and show us some love by hitting Like! What you’LL find on our feed: • Breaking news • Real-time news • Daily updates on current affairs & events

The auction, live music and dinner start at 5:30 p.m. and take place at Hub Space (1299 Third Ave.). Tickets are $35 for Island Mountain Arts members and $50 for non-members. The gallery is seeking donations of artwork, unique items and tourism experiences to include in the auction. For more information or to buy tickets online, go to support-imarts.com/newevents-1/2019/10/5/bids-amp-brewsauction-fundraiser, contact Allyson at allyson@imarts.com.

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Tickets at TicketsNorth. Call 1-888-293-6613 or visit www.ticketsnorth.ca www.redgreen.com

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THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 12, 2019 | 9

ALEX CUBA SUBLIME ON NEW RECORD STUART DERDEYN Vancouver Sun

Seven albums in, Alex Cuba has upped his game again with Sublime. To appreciate that statement, you should consider the Smithers-based singer/ songwriter has already racked up four Latin Grammy Awards and two Grammy nominations for the best Latin pop album. No surprise the legendary Cuban vocalist Omara Portuondo (Buena Vista Social Club) and rising star Silvana Estrada make appearances on the John (Beetle) Baileyengineered record. They are the only other performers on the album recorded in Canada, Mexico, Cuba and Spain. Cuba handles every other instrumental duty on the disc and he’s never sounded better. As he readies for an extensive round of touring across North America and elsewhere, the musician discussed the realities of breaking into markets where his music is more readily consumed. As an almost entirely Spanish language artist, his fame is far greater outside of this country than in it. He’s fine with that. “Mexico has emerged as quite the place for me in the past few years,” said Cuba. “According to streams on Spotify and other sites, it is the place that listens to me the most and we are, obviously, paying attention to that. It’s the kind of place you can find any kind of music really and where they are quite open to a lot of variety in the music.” That’s a good fit for the artist whose work can best be described as pop/rock. Owing to his understanding of Latin American genres ranging from bolero and bachata to rancheros to son, Cuba has always worked elements of these forms into his hook-laden material. But there are considerable influences drawn from classic pop tunesmiths like the Beatles or funk masters like Stevie Wonder turning up in gems such as his hit Directo. On Sublime, he opens with a complex rhythmic romp titled Yo No Se that could have been on an early Brazilian Tropicalismo release by Caetano Veloso or Gilberto Gil. The artist loves the comparison, noting he still listens to a lot of recordings from that era because they are “so real, so honest, the music is pure and it keeps it sounding alive.” That he can write something that hearkens back to that creative hubbub is impressive. That the opening song on Sublime was an instant recording is amazing. “Yo No Se was the last song on the album, written on the spot on the last day in the studio, which came from a bass line I was jamming and loved and knew I had to use,” he said. “So I was writing the lyrics while I was playing all the different parts, shouting them out and we were both rolling on the floor by the end of it blown away by the results. Essentially, the concept of the song

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Alex Cuba played the BCLC Mainstage in Canada Games Plaza during the 2015 Canada Winter Games. became was Alex Cuba rehearsing with Alex Cuba, so I made this video for it that has me, in colour, and a bunch of black and white Alex Cubas playing the song.” The track sets the vibe for Sublime and it’s spot on for the collection of a dozen songs ranging from the tender lead single Voz De Corazones to the easy flowing duet Solo Mia with Mexican star Leonel Garcia. Dominican star Alex Ferreira and Cuban musicians Kelvis Ochoa and Pablo Milanes also appear on the album. For those in the know, this lineup along with Portuondo and Estrada demonstrates the kind of pull that Cuba has in the upper levels of Spanish language stars. People want to perform his songs. “I grew up listening to people like Pablo Milanes, who is the Cuban Bob Dylan, and Omara and others and really wrote the songs that they appear on with their spirit in mind, because their work really shaped my writing,” he said. “And when I decided to go to the next

level and see if they would honour me by appearing, I was really taken aback that they knew who I was and knew my work and said yes. Canada may not be the best place for putting my music forward, but the reason that my music is fresh and different is because it comes from Canada.” Sublime holds a special spot in Cuba’s heart as it is the record, he believes, that took him back home to his birth country of Cuba and reflects the journey he’s taken to where he is today. The musician originally hails from Artemesia, Cuba, and both he and his brother, Adonis, were schooled in music by their guitar-playing music teacher father from a young age. Alex and Adonis settled in Victoria in 1989 after Alex married a Canadian he met in Cuba. The Puentes Brothers duo released a Juno-nominated debut, eventually deciding on solo careers around the early 2000s. Alex moved to his wife’s hometown of Smithers in 2003 and has run his career from the central B.C. town since. He said he can make music anywhere

and finds the natural beauty and chill vibe completely suited to crafting his, frankly, more tropical material. He is constantly jotting down ideas, melodies and more on his phone wherever he is and that process was used on Sublime. “I recorded this album in Gibsons with Garth Richardson, because Beetle Bailey said he had a great sounding room there,” said Cuba. “So I packed up all my toys — seven guitars, congas, a standup bass, bongos, shakers, triangles and more — into my car and drove down. It took two days and I had my computer connected to the stereo and the phone on voice memos. “I had a lot of time to myself to think about things like, ‘Oh, we need a handclap there and this would be a good place for more backing vocals.’ ” The ultimate goal is to give each song the right vibe and Cuba feels Sublime has it in large amounts. All the technological tricks in the world can’t fake it. If it’s there, you can make it happen anywhere.

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AUctIon StARtS SEPt. 12 - 25

IT’S HARD TO BE RATIONAL ABOUT RISK

W

atching and participating in an online group of concerned residents about the proposed plastics plant has been interesting. I didn’t really learn anything new but I was reminded that it is never a good look to be so certain of our own superiority that anyone with a contrary view must have evil motives. I did, however, learn something new from an old friend, offline, when I told her about this group of concerned residents. My friends said Prince George has good air, so there was no need to be panicked. If I hadn’t been buckled into a vehicle when she said that, I may have fallen off my chair!  Having been a resident of the Regional District of Fraser Fort George for 25 years, I was deeply steeped in the knowledge that Prince George has very bad air and was very sure that we should not add any industry that might add even a microgram of pollutant to our city’s airshed. My friend, however, was surprised that I thought that. She challenged me to look around the world to compare our air in order to give Prince George a fair assessment.  Well, lo and behold, Prince George matches up pretty well, all told. The World Air Quality Index has a very useful map to search the real-time data for air quality around the world. Over the last year, Prince George lands at moderate or healthy for small particulates but at or near zero for the other pollutants. Over the last number of years, we have improved our air quality about 40 per cent and we have the concerned residents who have been advocating for improvements to thank for that.   Thinking about this reminded me about other biases or misconceptions we have and risks we willingly embrace because we either aren’t aware of the risk or we think it is worth it. Consider that in Canada, more people die due to medical

THINKING ALOUD TRUDY KLASSEN

error than from opioid overdoses and car accidents. It’s the third leading cause of death, apparently. Around 30,000 people each year die at the hands of those trying to help them. So, how much safer is it to be admitted to hospital now than when doctors weren’t washing their hands between examining dead bodies and helping with childbirth? I believe significantly better, but that stat makes me wonder. Think about bears and how afraid we are of them. The bear attack at Ferguson Lake last week may actually keep some of us from enjoying the outdoors, when among the worst things for us is lack of exercise. Our fear of bears is not based on bare statistics, but on our real vulnerability if we are confronted by a bear with no real way to defend ourselves. It doesn’t matter to our brains that the statistical chance is very low. Our brain seems to calculate risk by some other metric. When confronted with avoidable death or injury, we often get outraged at the wrong things or ignore important ones. For example, we frequently say, in defense of a costly new safety initiative: “If it saves even one life…” How do we justify spending great amounts of money and time to save one life if there is something we could do to save a half million? In 2017, 435,000 people died of malaria. They live in Africa, so they don’t count? Humans are funny and irrational. We constantly do stupid things and choose the worst option between two bad ones. Let’s keep this in mind as we think about ways to diversify our economy so that our children and grandchildren can find good work here.

YOUNG PEOPLE CAN LEAD US INTO THE FUTURE

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he Dalai Lama recently tweeted: “I am encouraged to see young people trying to bring about positive change. Confident because their efforts are based on truth and reason –therefore they will succeed.” As one who works with young people, I find these words so encouraging. As I look around me, I see that they are very true. The American political system was set aflame when 29-year-old Alexandria Ocasio Cortex was elected to Congress in 2018. Regardless of what one thinks of her opinions, it is clear that she has a deep love for the democratic process. She is brilliant, idealistic and well-informed, and she is not afraid to challenge the integrity of those more than twice her age. In a time of cynicism and despair, she has been a beacon of hope. Across the Atlantic, another even younger woman has pricked the conscience of a complacent society. Greta Thunberg is a 16-year-old who came to public attention last year for boycotting

LESSONS IN LEARNING GERRY CHIDIAC

school to picket the Swedish parliament. She is autistic and states that she has selective mutism, only speaking when she feels it is important. She believes the climate crisis is very important and has given a Ted talk, spoken to government representatives and addressed the European Union on the issue. She has also encouraged student protests around the world on the climate crisis. She recently crossed the Atlantic Ocean in a carbon-neutral ship to speak at the United Nations in New York. While adults continue to debate the significance of global warming, Thunberg calls for action today, pointing out the negaContinued on page 11


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YOUNG PEOPLE Continued from page 10

tive impact complacent adults are having on the future, her future. Great leaders inspire others to embrace their greatness. Ocasio-Cortez and Thunberg are not only creating waves by their actions, more importantly, they are demonstrating what can be done to make our world better. Apathy is a myth. If we dare to stand forward for what we believe in, we will make an impact. Twenty-two-year-old Cariboo-Prince George Green Party candidate Mackenzie Kerr clearly understands this concept. Like Ocasio-Cortez, she will take on a well-established member of a very strong federal political party in an effort to be elected. Conservative Todd Doherty is well respected and has worked very hard to earn the trust of his constituents. The leader of his party, however, does not hold the same esteem as Elizabeth May, the leader of Kerr’s party, who is seen by many Canadians as the conscience of Parliament. In addition, the Conservative platform does not give the same attention to environmental issues as the Greens, and as Thunberg demonstrates, that is a major issue among younger voters. Kerr grew up in Prince George and was a national ambassador for 4-H.  She

NEWS

not only learned about agriculture but leadership and public speaking as well. At UNBC, Kerr is majoring in forestry, with a minor in environmental studies. This is why she is focussing on a sustainable forest industry. It’s an issue which is extremely prevalent for residents of northern B.C. who are concerned about long-term employment. She also envisions a new economy, making renewable energy affordable and accessible for all Canadians. Though the result of this fall’s federal election is far from being determined, several things are already certain. The climate crisis is an important issue for many Canadians, and leaders like OcasioCortez and Thunberg have empowered and inspired youthful voters. A number of young candidates have already announced that they are running in this election, and some of them will be elected. It is up to the voters of CaribooPrince George, however, to determine whether or not Mackenzie Kerr will be among them. — Gerry Chidiac is a champion for social enlightenment, inspiring others to find their greatness in making the world a better place. For more of his writings, go to www.gerrychidiac.com

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97/16 photo by Brent Braaten

BOOK LAUNCH: What the Wind Brings is local author Matthew Hughes historical novel, which he considers a life’s work. Hughes received a $25,000 Canada Council grant to write the book. Hughes will host a book reading and signing at Books & Co., 1685 Third Ave. on Friday at 6 p.m.

STRANGERS USUALLY STEP IN TO HELP THOSE IN NEED, STUDY FINDS HANNAH NATANSON The Washington Post

Most of us are familiar with “bystander apathy”: the chilling idea that large groups of people can watch horrific crimes without feeling compelled to step in and help. The idea first gained traction after the 1964 killing of Kitty Genovese, a 28-year-old New Yorker who, it was believed at the time, was killed as 38 people looked on. While the number of eye witnesses was later found to be untrue, the story has become a cautionary tale to explain high-profile tragedies and the decaying of society. But new research suggests we should take a rosier view of human nature. Bystanders will intervene nine times out of 10 to assist the victim in a public fight, an international team of researchers found in a study called “Would I be helped?,” published in American Psychologist this summer. After reviewing surveillance footage of more than 200 violent altercations around the world, the researchers concluded that having more bystanders around makes it more likely that someone will intervene. “Our study suggests that if assaulted in public you will most likely be helped by a bystander,” said Richard Philpot, a psychology research fellow at Lancaster University and

the study’s lead author. “This is reassuring for potential victims of violence, the public as a whole, and . . . has important implications for our understanding of bystanders as a crime-preventive resource.” Philpot and his team examined 219 CCTV videos of assaults or arguments in three major cities: Amsterdam; Cape Town, South Africa; and Lancaster in the United Kingdom. The researchers selected their videos based on a few criteria: The filmed encounter had to be “aggressive,” involving behavior ranging from “animated disagreements to grave physical violence,” according to the study. It had to involve at least two main participants, and it had to develop organically - the team discounted videos of traffic accidents, robberies and drug deals. Finally, it had to begin without police or paramedics present. Philpot’s team watched every altercation until it dissipated naturally or until police arrived to break it up. The team then recorded whether bystanders - whom they defined as anyone not involved in the original argument - did anything to “placate the conflict,” according to the study. The researchers counted any of the following activities as placation, per the report:

“pacifying gesturing,” “calming touches,” “blocking contact” between the people arguing, “holding, pushing or pulling an aggressor away,” “consoling a victim” or “providing practical help” to anyone who suffered physical injuries. After watching all the videos and crunching all the numbers, Philpot and his team found that at least one bystander decided to help out in 91 percent of the cases studied. On average, at least three people chose to intervene - and every additional bystander present increased the odds that the victim would receive assistance by roughly 10 percent. “The high level of help was surprising,” Philpot said. He said the findings “overturn the impression of the ‘walk on by society’ in which victims are largely ignored by bystanders.” The researchers also found that there was no statistically significant difference in the rates of bystander intervention across the three cities studied. Philpot said this suggests that “people have a natural propensity to help others in distress,” no matter their nationality. Philpot was inspired to conduct the study after noticing that many of his peers in the social sciences, as well as members of

the media, took for granted the idea that bystanders are generally indifferent to the plight of others. He also noticed that most previous research into bystander intervention relied on laboratory experiments or self-reported accounts of violent incidents, both of which can be “unreliable” and sometimes “strip out complexity,” he said. In contrast to past work, Philpot wanted to scrutinize “actual bystander behavior in real-life public emergencies” - something only possible to assess via security-camera footage. His research represents the largest study of real-life arguments captured on CCTV, he said. While his findings challenge the notion of bystander apathy, Philpot emphasized, he and his team did not test the equally well-known “bystander effect”: a psychological claim that the greater the number of bystanders at the scene of a crime, the less likely each individual is to help (perhaps because they assume someone else will do so). That may still hold true, Philpot said. His team did not explore individual bystanders’ motivations. Instead, the researchers focused on the “situational likelihood of intervention,” Philpot said, whether at least one person in a large group will step in to intervene in a conflict.

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© 2019 by Vicki Whiting, Editor Jeff Schinkel, Graphics Vol. 35, No. 40

Back to School: A History of

School Lunches As Kid Scoop readers return to school, they start to wonder, what’s for lunch? And what will I use to carry my lunch?

When people started eating lunch at work or school, lunches were packed into pails, baskets and tins. What do you use when you pack a lunch?

Colonial Kids (1607 to 1776)

In America’s colonial times, the midday meal was called dinner. It was the biggest meal of the day. Most families ate this meal together at home, even if the children attended school. Supper was the evening meal, and it was typically smaller and made up of leftovers.

Did children in colonial times eat peanut butter and jelly sandwiches?

Ask a friend to give you each type of word. Fill in the blanks and read the story aloud for some silly fun.

Loopy Lunch Last Friday, something very strange happened in the school cafeteria. Instead of the regular menu, they served ___________, ______________________ and _________________ .

Hold this page up to a mirror to read the answer.

Turn of the Century (Early 1900s) Serving school lunch to children began in the early 1900s when it was believed that many children did not eat a nutritious midday meal. This began in Boston, but it didn’t happen everywhere.

Students had to ____________ in a very long line to get their ________________ lunch. This caused

Great Depression (1929 to 1939) The Great Depression was a time of great hardship. Parents were without jobs, and their children went without good food. At the same time, farmers had produce that people couldn’t afford to buy. The government of President Franklin D. Roosevelt bought up the extra food and opened kitchens which started the school lunch program. In 1946, another president signed the first National School Lunch Act to provide lunch in all schools. Circle every other letter to reveal his name.

a lot of confusion, so they were instructed to ___________ in line instead.

Our principal tried to calm everyone. He spoke into the ___________ ________ , but everyone was too busy trying to ___________ through the mess. Our custodian used _________ _______________

Design a Lunch Box

In 1950, Aladdin Industries created the first children’s lunch box based on a TV show. Hopalong Cassidy. Over the years, more and more TV, film and cartoon characters showed up on lunch boxes. For decades, choosing a new lunch box was a treasured back-to-school ritual for kids. Draw a lunch box here you’d like to have. Will it feature popular characters or something of your own design? Standards Link: Reading Comprehension: Follow simple written directions.

What goes on the Food Share Table?

Food Share Tables at school help reduce food waste. If you don’t want to finish all of your lunch, you can share your lunch by placing it on the table. Food that is whole, uneaten or unopened can be placed on the Food Share table. Circle the foods that can go to the Food Share Table.

How many apples can you find on this page?

to mop up the spill, which seemed really strange, but it worked.

Look through today’s newspaper to find: Something to write with Something to read Something you would like to have to share A way to get to school A number that shows the grade you are entering A number that shows how many years you have gone to school Standards Link: Research: Use the newspaper to locate information.

the words in the puzzle. LEFTOVERS Find How many of them can you COLONIAL find on this page? HISTORY S C D E C A D E S L DECADES R O A U R E P P U S SCHOOL E L W N E C H A H I DINNER SUPPER V O O S N I T R I N RITUAL O N H C N U L I S L LUNCH T I S H I P M T T O JELLY F A B O D E L U O U MEAL PAIL E L O O A N C A R H TINS L E X L J E L L Y S SHOW Standards Link: Letter sequencing. Recongized identical BOX words. Skim and scan reading. Recall spelling patterns.

Standards Link: Grammar: Understand and use nouns, adjectives, verbs and interjections in writing and speaking.

Dig up some interesting information about your family history by talking about lunches! Ask your parents, aunts, uncles, grandparents or anyone who is at least 10 years older than you the following questions: What did you use to carry your lunch to school? What was your favorite school lunch food? Did your school have a kitchen where they made hot lunches on site? What did they cook?

What’s for Lunch?

Come up with a healthy lunch for school. Include food from all the food groups. R0021655366

ANSWERS: Foods that can go on the Food Share Table are: Unopened yogurt, apple, orange, milk, applesauce, sealed carrot packet and sealed bag of chips. The foods that can’t go on the table are: banana that has been bitten, sandwich from home and the open box of raisins.


97/16

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SEE SOLUTION ON PAGE 14 97/16 IS A WEEKLY PRODUCT OF THE PRINCE GEORGE CITIZEN


NEWS

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SOLUTION TO: A HOUSE DIVIDED

GIVING BACK TO OUR COMMUNITY 97/16 STAFF

McHappy Day in Prince George this month raised $22,533. Brian Boresky, owner of the McDonald’s Restaurants in Prince George, Eric Simmons, operations manager, and Joanne Kitney, community relations representative presented Darrell Roze, the executive director of the Child Development Centre with half of the

proceeds from McHappy Day. The funds will be used to buy new equipment at the CDC. The other half goes directly to Ronald McDonald House, which supports families from Northern B.C. In 2018, 268 families from communities in Northern B.C. stayed together at Ronald McDonald House while their child received treatment at B.C. Children’s Hospital.

ABOUT US • Colleen Sparrow, publisher and GM • Neil Godbout, editor-in-chief • Shawn Cornell, director of advertising • Call us at: 250-562-2441 or 250-562-3301

• Find us at: 505 Fourth Avenue, Prince George, B.C. V2L 3H2 • Follow us on Facebook, by going online to: https://bit.ly/2SdAmek • Visit https://bit.ly/2S9W4zW to find the location nearest you to pick up extra copies of 97/16.


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