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NEWCOMER SHOWCASING HIS TALENT FRANK PEEBLES 97/16 staff

The voices of creation speak to Darin Corbiere. Starting today, we get to see what they told him. The recent arrival to Lheidli T’enneh territory came with a well established arts career back in his original home of Ontario. The Anishinaabe First Nation painter and tinker moved to Prince George about a year and a half ago and almost instantly became an active member of the local fine arts community. Seeing Things In A Different Light: Changing Perspectives is his Prince George debut exhibition.  “What can I say? I am feeling fortunate, blessed, excited to be here in Prince George,” said Corbiere, who came because his wife was accepted into a master’s degree program at UNBC and he followed after she had been here awhile doing her studies.  He arrived “with no employment, no prospects, just showed up blind,” he said. He grabbed the first job he came across, as a labourer at Nechako Bottle Depot. He is, however, a teacher by profession and also a former officer with the Sudbury Police Service. His skill-set was soon discovered and put to use by the Activator Society (an organization that supports men as they transition from incarceration to balanced community living) and the Urban Aboriginal Justice Society (a not-for-profit agency that works to reduce the number of Aboriginal people in conflict with the law).  A slap of realization hit Corbiere when new Ontario premier Doug Ford enacted a sweeping staff reduction. When he checked his service record, Corbiere knew he would have lost his job in that wave of layoffs. He was instead in Prince George following what he feels is a higher calling and it has come out in his art.  “When I came here I started looking for arts organizations right away, I found Studio 2880 right away, I met Lisa Redpath and Sean Farrell (managers with the Community Arts Council, operators of the Studio 2880 arts complex), I got the privilege of meeting the artists involved in starting the Northern Indigenous Artists’ Collective, and Lisa has really been my guide into everything that’s

97/16 photo by Brent Braaten

Darin Corbiere with one of his art pieces titled Woman in the Water that will be part of his art show at Studio 2880. happened for me since then. My gratitude is so high. And I’ve flourished here. I’ve painted 40 or 50 pieces since I arrived in Prince George. Things have really taken off for me in the past year.”

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Space was one of the benefits of the new contacts he made here. In his duties with the Activator Society, he got to spend large amounts of time at their Aghelh Nebun wilderness camp. He had access to large cre-

ation spaces in the buildings there. He made large creations. The biggest stands more than six feet tall. It is comprised of smaller pieces of wood on which he has painted partial images that, when arranged the right way, forms a single image. He took it as an official entry in the Grand Rapids Art Prize competition in Michigan and it now forms the focal point of his exhibition.  The act of building one broader piece of art from several smaller pieces of art is a theme in his work. Apart from a few exceptions, all of it is paint (everything from felt pens to alcohol ink) on wood.  The most common recurring element is the image of a feather, sometimes overt and sometimes subtle, on a long, thin strip of wood. He calls each one a feather when alone, and a wing when assembled into a number together.  “I heard a voice, and it asked me to create 1,000 of these feathers,” he said, now somewhere between 100 and 200 in the past few years.  Another voice, a female in water, described to him how he should paint her on a pair of unfinished planks that now dominates Corbiere’s office and will be another feature piece in the exhibition.  “She told me the story of what to do to bring her out in the paint. I could see her in the water, and I thought she was just swimming, but then my wife told me she was down at the bottom, I hadn’t seen that in the painting but she did, and then I realized she was actually moving to the surface. Whatever had been holding her down, she let go of, she is resurfacing.”  Another recurring element of Corbiere’s work is making a whole creation. He wraps the entire physical structure in the image, so to see more of the swimming figure, or more of the feathers, turn the wood over.  Darin Corbiere is Seeing Things In A Different Light and you can, too, when he unveils the Changing Perspectives exhibition today from 5-7 p.m. at the feature gallery at Studio 2880. A free reception and artist’s talk are included. The show will be available to view until May 9. 

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NEWS

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THURSDAY, APRIL 11, 2019 | 3

97/16 photo by Brent Braaten

The men of the Forever Young Chorus join director Janice Taylor in inviting the community to their spring concert.

FOREVER YOUNG CHORUS TAKES THE STAGE SATURDAY T he Forever Young Chorus at the Elder Citizens Recreation Centre, under the direction of Janice Taylor is proud to present their annual spring concert. This year’s theme, Folk Songs Your Heart Remembers will feature folk songs both old and new from North America as well as from across the pond. The Forever Young Chorus, originally known as the Rainbow Singers, was formed in 1992 when a group of eight ladies, with Elaine Clark as the accompanist and Janice Taylor as the director, started rehearsing at the Elder Citizens Recreations Centre and from there the group went out into the community to entertain other seniors. Since that time, the choir has grown to more than 40 voices including 14 men. Janice Taylor is still the director, Alexis Maikapar is the assistant director and the highly talented Vic Steblin is the accompanist.   The Forever Young Chorus is a totally volunteer seniors’ choir and the group regularly presents a weekend of concerts each spring, a special concert during the Christmas holiday season and as well the group takes their show to shut-in seniors at many of the senior residences in Prince George. New members are welcome to join in the months of September and January.   The Forever Young Chorus director Janice Taylor said, “This springs concert will feature the voices of our talented men in a couple of fun numbers as well as solos, trios and our entire chorus to showcase all of our talented singers. The featured guest performers for this show are the P.G. Ukes.

SENIORS’ SCENE KATHY NADALIN

The P. G. Ukes are a lively group of Ukulele playing seniors sure to be a fun addition to our program.” The members of the Forever Young Chorus and the P.G. Ukes are all seniors, volunteers and members of the Elder Citizens Recreation Association. Most of these men and women have no prior professional music experience, some have performed at an amateur level and some have no experience whatsoever. There is joy in singing and anyone can do it.  In fact, when they first join, the entertaining on stage takes many of these seniors out of their comfort zone.   It is not long until you can hear comments like, “It’s great to experience something outside of what we usually think of as aging and the songs cause us to learn new things.”   Janice summed it all up and said, “Going out into our community to make people smile and our public performance is what it is all about. Many members have said that they have always loved singing and they just sang for fun, but with the choir, they get the chance to be taught to sing even better.  “I know we are all older but we don’t feel old inside. It is wonderful watching them sing because you can see in their faces and bodies how life affirming it is. We have a lovely choir family. Over the years the choir has lost members through sickness and

sadly some have passed on but we always remember to honor them.” The Forever Young Chorus strives to present a positive image of aging through their music and they are living proof that age is no barrier to making great music. Lino and I are both members of the Forever Young Chorus. We love what we sing and we intend to joyfully pass our time instead of passing before our time. May you stay Forever Young. • The Forever Young Chorus at the Elder Citizens Recreation Centre, under the direction of Janice Taylor is proud to present Folk Songs Your Heart Remembers this Friday and Saturday  at 7 p.m. and again on Sunday at 2 p.m.  Admission is $10 - tickets are now on sale at the ECRA office and will also be available at the door.  The address is 1692 Tenth Ave. (between Vancouver and Winnipeg Street).  ECRA is a registered non-profit organization.  Everyone is welcome to attend and members in particular are urged to attend one of the three shows because all proceeds go toward centre operations.   • ECRA will be holding its annual giant garage sale on Saturday, May 18, under the direction of the ECRA line dancers. The garage sale includes a book, craft and bake sale. Donations to the garage sale are now being gratefully accepted with proceeds going to centre operations.  Please no large appliances, computer equipment or furniture. If you have any questions please contact Lisa at 250-561- 9381. • April birthdays that I know about: Donna Bosnich, Joan Lemky, Lorna Dittmar, Don Vaale, Peter Da’Silva, Ralph

Schemenauer, Bruce Hawkenson, Patrick Stapleton, Fern Roberts, Judith Elmquist, Lois Boone, Ken Stahl, Lillie (Khin Sein) Sein, Laurie Rustad, Barb Endean, Patsy Patterson, Joan Millns, Gertrude Lansing, Diane Duperron, Lothar Hirt, Charlie Burkitt, Joyce Burkitt, Shirley Green, Terry Carter, Marion Watt, Shirley Gratton, Hilliard Clare, Daphne Truefitt, Pearl Blood, Allen Soltis, Sharon Hurd, Alexis Maikapar, Stan Cook, Joyce Grantham, Avril Barr, Sandy Maikapar, Alice Friend, Sharon Talkington, Leona Nyberg, Betty Bekkering, Lynne Boomer, Lorna Cundy, Diane McDonald, Nola Stairs, Evette Bouchard, John Norman, Rosel Vogt, Virginia Parsons, James Barks, Rosemary Burns, Bill Chappel, Roderick Herd, Harold Hewlett, George Kivi, Ellen Laughery, Grace Spears, Maxine Valpy, Edwina Watt, Ken Yarocki, Art Carter, Cyndie Stephens, Ron Morgan, Iris Owen, Dianne Wanless, Darlene Wainwright, Jim Menard and last but not least Dorothy Wood just turned 90. • April Anniversaries: 66 years for Joe and Sophie Chartrand, 61 years for August and Loretta Thibault, 58 years for Mike and Evie Padalec, 56 years for Greg and Alice Friend, 56 years for Joyce and Jim Sweeny, 56 years for Kenneth and Hedwig Toombs, 54 years for Hans and Roberta Johansen, 54 years for Cyril and Irene Fortin, 53 years for Derek and Ester Swanson, 52 years for Cornelius (Corny) and Christa Hughes, 52 years for Kevin and Pearl Blood, 52 years for Lorne and Irene Carbert, 51 years for Pat and Terry Brown, 65 years for Agner and Alice Olesen and three years for Mike and Helen Green. 

Breakfast with Rex Murphy May 7, 2019 | Prince George, BC | 7:00 AM - 8:45 AM Join us for an informative discussion with the incomparable, insightful, and hilarious Rex Murphy, a CBC and National Post commentator and stalwart supporter of construction and responsible resource development.

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It’s never too soon or too late to make changes that will maintain your brain health. Similarly, it’s always the right time to learn how to make the Prince George community dementia-friendly. Those two objectives come together in the city April 27. That’s when the nonprofit Alzheimer Society of B.C. runs its Dementia Friends and Healthy Brains workshop for area residents. “You’ll learn about brain health, dementia, and how to play a role in making our community dementia friendly,” said

Sandra Meehan, one of the Society’s support and education coordinators. Actively engaging in protecting and maintaining your brain is an essential part of healthy aging, she said. The workshop offers strategies and tips for improving the health of the mind, body and spirit. “You can set goals to improve your brain health,” she said. The workshop also gives participants an introduction to dementia, one of B.C.’s most pressing health issues. “We’ll help people recognize when someone may be living with the disease,” Meehan said. The session includes helpful strategies and tips for communicating with people who are living with dementia, and information on where to get more help.  “We’ll explore how you can help people living with dementia feel included and supported,” she said. The session runs from 11 a.m. to 4 p.m. at Prince George Public Library’s Keith Gordon Room, 888 Canada Games Way. Lunch is provided. Pre-registration is required by contacting 1-866-564-7533 or info.princegeorge@alzheimerbc.org. If you are a caregiver or person living with dementia looking for information or assistance, call the First Link Dementia Helpline at 1-800-936-6033.

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uebec has introduced a bill to prohibit many public employees from wearing religious symbols while at work. The government is asking people to check their religion at the door and join them in creating a secularist state. For most people of faith, their faith shapes their moral code, their worldview and it informs their attitude to public service and what makes them unique individuals. In our multicultural country, our shared values may hide behind different colours of skin and styles of clothing, but they are there. We just have to look past appearances. I have an auntie who works at her local school as a librarian. Her headscarf identifies her as a conservative Mennonite to all around her. It doesn’t show her ability, or inability, to serve her community. It shows her as a distinct part of her community. She is very aware that her behavior will reflect on her religious community, so there is a sense of pride, and the opportunity to showcase that not all Mennonites are ignorant, contrary to the stereotypical view among the local public. So, it has been a good thing for everyone, Mennonite and non-Mennonite alike, to broaden their respective horizons, and everyone has learned much about “the other.” A richness would be lost if this right to look distinctive would be taken away, and she dressed just like every other school employee. Former French President Nicholas

THINKING ALOUD TRUDY KLASSEN

Sarkozy has argued that faces are a part of our identity and too important to full participation in society to be hidden behind a full face-hiding veil or burka. If this is the concern the Quebec government is trying to address, they need to take their legislation to the chopping block and make it say that, rather than so much more. The fact that this legislation is wideranging tells me that there is more to it. It appears they wish government agents to appear merely as government agents and not as a member of any other identifiable group. This is ignorant and overbearing. It seems as if government needs defending or support as its own entity, rather than as an agent acting on behalf of the people. We don’t need an all-powerful, personified, (bland) state in order to have good government; for that we need shared values and a common trust in our forms of government. If cultural or societal unity is the goal, surely people can rally around something higher than clothing in order to be unified. At the very least, bland clothing is a poor societal value to rally around. 

WINTER ENDS IN THE LOST AND FOUND I t’s spring (sort of)! And with the changing of weather comes many, many jobs for the modern northern family including putting snow pants away and matching mittens together and finding a bin big enough to fit the various winter items until next season. It is a super fun job. Really fun.  I may have to do the winter clothes Marie Kondo style, throwing everything in a big pile in the living room and sorting through it. Except for the “finding joy” bit because no winter item will bring anyone joy at the end of the season. Children have an uncanny ability to not recognize their own articles of clothing when they have fallen out of their hands and on to the floor. Toques, mitts, gloves, scarfs, snow pants, bicycle helmets, water bottles, pants, shoes, and boots, clog up the school lost and found bins to overflowing. I try to go through the lost and found at my kids school every month or so, collecting their miscellaneous items and find things that I did not realize they had “borrowed.” (I’m talking to you, daughter. I found my missing scarf at your school – twice).  If this laissez-faire attitude about their clothes were consistent, then the lost and founds would be filled with McDonald’s toys, Pokemon cards, Bey Blades and other favourite toys. 

HOME AGAIN MEGAN KUKLIS

But there are no toys in the lost and found. It must come down to value – they value silly, little toys and I value not having to buy new gloves. People need to go through lost and founds more often as you can find a number of treasures that no one will touch. I am fairly certain that there are enough water bottles at schools, dance studios, gymnastic clubs, and martial art dojos to quench the thirst of all Prince George.   As it is, I think that after an appropriate amount of time, people should feel free to dig through the lost and founds in the search for something useful – or something you used to own. Then when your kids “misplace” something, you can be content in the knowledge that the things they’ve lost have gone to a good home.  That’s what I hope, anyway.  In the meantime, I will be sorting through mittens and toques to see what may work next year and deciding what to do with the eleven single mitts that are leftover.


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THURSDAY, APRIL 11, 2019 | 5

FINDING JOY IN LABOUR TAKES WORK how one can best leave a legacy, taking into account who we are as individuals. This goes beyond our talents, it is a GERRY CHIDIAC question of finding what fills one’s soul. I have always been good at math, for example, but as an extrovert I would have found working in an accountant’s calls us to our purpose. This moves us office torturous. I enjoyed being a pool from simply “doing a job” to living out cleaner, but I knew it would not fulfill our vocation or our mission in life. my soul’s purpose. A statement attributed to Mohandas Through a number of part-time jobs, Gandhi tells us to, “be the change you I realized how want to see in the much I enjoyed world.” Pondering working with this statement, The challenge then young people. I’ve we need to first becomes to decide how always believed in ask ourselves one can best leave a legacy, equal opportunity, what kind of taking into account who we and looking back, world we want to are as individuals. This goes I can see why I was see. The answer drawn to public to this question beyond our talents, it is a reveals our own question of finding what fills education. Being a teacher in a very inner values. Do one’s soul. heterogeneous we believe, for Gerry Chidiac high school example, that clearly resonates peace, respect, with my desire to love, joy and celebrate and draw out the giftedness integrity are important? If so, the only in each person, regardless of their way to make them more prevalent is to socio-economic background. Writing a practice them in our own lives.   newspaper column simply allows me to From there, we can ask ourselves how expand this reach beyond the confines we can leave a legacy which reflects our of age and physical structure.   values. Perhaps the solution to our The challenge then becomes to decide

LESSONS IN LEARNING

unhappiness at work is to define our purpose. According to the British Columbia Curriculum, a significant piece of career education today is to provide students the opportunity to experience their careers journeys in personally meaningful and goal oriented ways. It is thus important for students to explore their personalities, their interests, their learning styles, and to put together a mission statement which reflects what resonates for them. Of course, our experience in high school does not define us for a lifetime. It is valuable for all of us to not just go through the motions of life and work, but to reflect on what we believe is important in life and the kind of people we wish to be. We never stop growing; our situations never stop changing. We are each our own greatest investment, and when our work reflects the people that we are, we find dignity and joy in our labour. Gerry Chidiac is a champion for social enlightenment, inspiring others to find their greatness in making the world a better place.  For more of his writings, go to www.gerrychidiac.com

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recent study shows that 47 per cent of Canadians are unhappy in their jobs. Many cite lack of pay as the reason for their feelings, but it is not the only factor. Many find the work environment difficult, or that the work lacks meaning.   Of course, leaving a job is not necessarily a good thing. It can take a significant amount of time to make a positive impact, no matter what one is doing. It also takes a great deal of introspection and self-awareness to be able to determine where one fits in the world of work.   Unless the work is completely unethical, we can make almost any job meaningful. It is ultimately up to us. The key is to have a mission in life, to know our purpose. For example, when I worked summers as a pool cleaner during my university years, I found the job much more enjoyable when I knew I was offering the best service possible. The work became testament to the person I am, and I was able to demonstrate that to both my customers and my employer.   Psychiatrist and witness to the horrors of Nazi work camps, Viktor Frankl, tells us, “we do not invent our mission; we detect it.”  In other words, there is something deep within us that

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2019

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Celebrating the people and businesses that have made an outstanding contribution towards health & wellness in our community. Health & Wellness Innovator of The Year Award

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ARTS

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THURSDAY, APRIL 11, 2019 | 7

ISLAND MOUNTAIN ARTS UNVEILS PROGRAM SCHEDULE FRANK PEEBLES 97/16 staff

The arts-based community of Wells has unveiled its annual programming schedule, as designed by Island Mountain Arts. IMA is a full-spectrum cultural organization that runs yearround courses, classes, concerts and confabulations all pertaining to the arts array. Located about 90 minutes southeast of Prince George on the doorstep of Barkerville, IMA’s pinnacle event is the ArtsWells Festival which is scheduled for Aug. 2-5.  Apart from that, though, is a busy calendar of other activities. Their 43rd annual program guide was released to the public last week.  The item coming quickest on their official roster of events is the Self-Directed Five-Day Residency from Apr. 18-22.  “Spend five days delving into your creative practice in the wintery wonderland of Wells during the Easter-Long weekend,” said IMA organizers. On Apr. 27, come see the Wells-Barkerville Elementary School Exhibition & Live Auction. 

On May 3, there is an exhibition reception and artist’s talk with Danielle Savage and Alexandra Goodall. Their joint art show is up until June 9. On June 5, legendary Prince George roots-country troubadour Gary Fjellgaard will perform a live concert at the Sunset Theatre.  Coming after that is a two-day watercolour workshop with Simone Buck starting June 15, then the popular Toni Onley Artists’ Project from July 6-14 that has, in the past, “had a tremendous impact on the artistic development of those who have taken part in it. Participating artists spend nine days in Wells working in the IMA studios under the mentorship of senior artists.”   On July 6 and 7, respectively, artists Diana Thorneycroft and Peter von Tiesenhausen will give solo talks.  Canadian literature star George Elliott Clarke will be in Wells from July 18-21 for a writing workshop focused on poetry.  The same weekend there will also be a introduction workshop to the gouache form of painting, as led by Kate Scoones.  Northern artist Sarah Zimmerman opens her exhibition with a

97/16 file photo

Juno award winner and member of the Canadian Country Music Hall of Fame Gary Fjellgaard will perform at the Sunset Theatre in Wells on June 5. talk and reception on July 19. On July 30, there is a slate of

songwriting workshops featuring leaders like Doug Cox, Dan

Bern, Linda McRae, Al Simmons, Randy Woods and Tomáš Kubínek, plus a session centred on music creators aged 6-18 led by Corwin Fox, Kia Kadiri, Shawn Stephenson and Maiya Robbie. After that comes the creative onslaught of the ArtsWells Festival (more than 100 performances on 10 stages, plus 20 workshops, a 1-minute play festival, and inexplicably energizing other built-in things to see and do).  Aug. 19 is when the International Harp & Cello School opens, with a special instructors’ concert scheduled to be included.  The Wells Annual Community Ceilidh & Potluck takes place on Aug. 22 with all its Celtic-Breton stomp and style.  The summer closes out with an art exhibition opening and artist’s talk with Quesnel’s own painting star James Savage.  For full descriptions of these events, and the portals to book attendance and buy tickets, go to the Island Mountain Arts website.

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© 2019 Bombardier Recreational Products (BRP). All rights of reserved. ®, ™Ski-Doo and the BRP logo are trademarks of BRPbetween or its affiliates. This offer is valid in Canada at participating Ski-Doo® dealers the purchase of aSales 2020 Ski-Doo ordered between Februaryused 19, © 2019 Bombardier Recreational Products Inc.reserved. (BRP).®,All rights reserved. ®, ™ and the BRP logoThis areoffer trademarks of BRP its affiliates. This offer is valid inofCanada only snowmobile at participating Ski-Doo® dealers onInc. the purchase a 2020 snowmobile ordered February 19, 2019, andonlyApril 14, 2019, during theonSpring Fever Eventsnowmobile promotion. Snowmobiles © 2019 Bombardier Recreational Products Inc. (BRP). All rights ™ and the BRP logo are trademarks of BRP or its affiliates. is valid in Canada only ator participating Ski-Doo® dealers on the purchase a 2020 Ski-Doo ordered between February 19, the Spring 2019, and April 14, 2019, during Fever Sales Event promotion. Snowmobiles used for racing are excluded from this offer. The terms and conditions may vary depending on your province, and these offers are subject to termination or change at any time without notice. See 2019, and April 14,excluded 2019, duringfrom the Spring Sales Event promotion. for racing excluded from offer.province, The terms and conditions vary depending on your and theseor offers are subject to termination or change at Ski-Doo any time without See for racing are thisFever offer. The terms and Snowmobiles conditionsused may vary are depending onthisyour and thesemay offers are subject toprovince, termination change at any time without notice. See your Ski-Doo for details. †Get 4-year coverage eligible allthenew and unused 2020 Ski-Doo models ordered during Spring Fever Sales Event promotion. your dealer fornotice. details. †Get dealer 4-year coverage on all 2020 models: eligible units are all on newall and2020 unused models: 2020 Ski-Doo models units ordered are during Spring Fever Sales Event promotion. Consumers purchasing an eligible 2020the model are entitled to receive a 12-month BRP Limited your Ski-Doo dealer for details. †Get 4-year coverage on all 2020 models: eligible units are all new and unused 2020 Ski-Doo models ordered during the Spring Fever Sales Event promotion. Consumers purchasing an eligible 2020 model are entitled toWarranty receive aplus 12-month BRP Limited a 36-month Coverage. subject to the exclusions, limitations of liabilities and alllimited other terms and conditions of BRP’s including, standard limited warranty limitation, contract, including, without limitation, exclusionscaused of damagesby caused by abuse, abnormaluse use oror Consumers purchasing an eligible 2020 model are entitled to receive a 12-month BRP Limited Warranty plus a 36-month B.E.S.T. Coverage. The warranty is subject to the exclusions, limitations ofB.E.S.T. liabilities andTheallwarranty otheristerms and conditions of BRP’s standard warranty contract, without the exclusions of the damages abuse, abnormal Warranty plus a 36-month B.E.S.T. Coverage. The warranty is subject to the exclusions, limitations of liabilities and all other terms and conditions of BRP’s standard limited warranty contract, including, without limitation, the exclusions of damages caused abuse, service abnormal use or is subject to a $50 deductible on each repair. For complete details, please see the BRP limited warranty and the B.E.S.T. contract at an authorized BRP dealer near you. ‡FINANCING OPTION: No down payment and no payment for 12 months: eligible neglect.byB.E.S.T. contract neglect. B.E.S.T. service contract subject to on a $50 deductible on details, each repair. complete details, seecontract the BRP andyou. the‡FINANCING B.E.S.T. OPTION: contract anpayment authorized BRP dealer near 2020 you.Ski-Doo ‡FINANCING OPTION: down payment forand12nomonths: units are new and unused 2020 Ski-Doo purchased a participating BRP dealer. neglect. B.E.S.T. service contract is subject to ais$50 deductible each repair. For complete please seeFor the BRP limited warranty andplease the B.E.S.T. at an limited authorizedwarranty BRP dealer near No at down and nounits payment for and 12 months: eligible are new unused snowmobiles purchasedNo from a participating BRP and dealer.no Nopayment down payment payment foreligible 12 months, then 4.99% for the selected term. This financing offer issnowmobiles subject to Desjardins current creditfrom criteria. Other conditions and restrictions unitsdown are newpayment and unused 2020 snowmobiles from a then participating BRPfor dealer. down payment and This no payment for 12 months, 4.99% forto theDesjardins selected term. current This financing offer criteria. is subject toOther Desjardins current credit criteria. Other All conditions restrictions apply. rates areand subject to termination or change to at any time without notice. Neither BRP nor its subsidiaries or affiliates shall be held responsible loans entered into Desjardins in relation this offer. See an authorized BRP dealer details. Promotions subject to ter-in No and Ski-Doo no payment for purchased 12 months, 4.99% theNoselected term. financing offer then is subject credit conditions and restrictions apply. All rates are subject termination or change at any time without notice. Neither BRP norforitsthesubsidiaries orbyaffiliates shall betoheld responsible for the loansforentered into byare Desjardins apply. All rates are subject to termination or change at any time without notice. Neither BRP nor its subsidiaries or affiliates shall be held responsible for the loans entered into by Desjardins in relation to this offer. See an authorized BRP dealer for details. Promotions are at subject to termination or change any time without notice. Offer may not be assigned, traded, sold or combined with any other offer unless expressly stated herein. Offer void where restricted or otherwise prohibited by law. BRP reserves the right, at any time, to discontinue or change specifications, relation thisatoffer. See an notice. authorized dealer fortraded, details. areother subject to termination change at where any time without notice. Offerby may notreserves be assigned, traded, or combined with any other offer unless expressly stated herein. Offer void where restricted or otherwise prohibited by law. BRP reserves the right, at any time, to discontinue or change specifications, mination orto change any time without Offer mayBRP not be assigned, sold orPromotions combined with any offer unless expressly statedor herein. Offer void restricted or otherwise prohibited law. BRP the right, at any time, tosold discontinue or change specifications, prices, designs, features, models or equipment without incurring any obligation. Always consult your snowmobile dealer when selecting a snowmobile for your particular needs and carefully read and pay special attention to your Operator’s Guide, Safety Video, Safety Handbook and to prices, designs, features, models ormodels equipmentor without incurring any obligation. Always consult snowmobile Always dealer when selecting your a snowmobile for your particular andselecting carefully readaand pay special attention to your Operator’s Guide, Safety Video, Safety Handbook and to prices, designs, features, equipment without incurring anyyour obligation. consult snowmobile dealerneeds when snowmobile for your particular needs and carefully read and pay special attention to your Operator’s Guide, Safety Video, Safety Handbook and to the safety labels on your snowmobile. Always ride responsibly and safely and wear appropriate the safety labels on your snowmobile. Always ride responsibly and safely and wear appropriate clothing, including a helmet. Please observe applicable laws and regulations. Remember that riding and alcohol/drugs don’t mix. the safety labels on your snowmobile. Always ride responsibly and safely and wear appropriate clothing, including a helmet. Please observe applicable laws and regulations. Remember that riding and alcohol/drugs don’t mix. clothing, including a helmet. Please observe applicable laws and regulations. Remember that riding and alcohol/drugs don’t mix. R0011687251


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STUDENT EATING HABITS CHANGED WHEN DELIVERY ROBOTS INVADED CAMPUS In the first days after a fleet of 25 delivery robots descended on George Mason University’s campus in January, school officials could only speculate about the machines’ long-term impact. The Igloo cooler-sized robots from the Bay Area start-up Starship Technologies - which were designed to deliver food on demand across campus - appeared to elicit curious glances and numerous photos, but not much else. It was clear, officials said at the time, that more time and more data would be necessary to understand whether the robots would actually change the campus culture or become a forgettable novelty. Today, some of that data emerged for the first time. In the two months since the robots arrived at the Fairfax, Va.based school, an extra 1,500 breakfast orders have been delivered autonomously, according to Starship Technologies and Sodexo, a company that manages food services for GMU on contract and works closely with the robots. “Research has shown that up to 88 per cent of college students skip breakfast, primarily because of lack of time, but that number is starting to turn around when delivery robots arrive on campus,” Starship Technologies said in a statement released Monday. “This follows a similar pattern seen at corporate campuses where delivery ro-

bots were added,” the statement added, referring to an uptick in breakfast orders. The robots make food deliveries all over the 800-acre campus, school officials say. Though they’re frequently seen making the 15-minute trip from campus restaurants to a handful of nearby dorms, the robots make deliveries to buildings across campus, where students meet them when they’re en route to class or studying. Students took advantage of the service from the beginning. During the first day of deliveries at GMU, the machines were flooded by so many dinner orders that school officials had to pull the plug, shutting off orders so that robots weren’t operating late into the night, far behind schedule. Each robot is opened using a delivery code and can carry up to 20 pounds – the equivalent of about three shopping bags of goods, Starship Technologies said. The company didn’t reveal whether dinner orders returned to normal levels after their early spike or offer any theories about why the machines were being used so heavily in the morning hours beyond “convenience.” But perhaps the answer is not much of a mystery. Sodexo officials have noted that college students are prolific users of food delivery apps and they place a high value on convenience and having access to multiple options when they dine. During the morning hours, restaurant experts

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Georgia Mason University in Fairfax, Va., received a fleet of 25 delivery robots that can haul up to 20 pounds each as they roll across campus at 10 miles per hour, according to Starship Technologies. say, there is generally more emphasis the students and the businesses paying on speed than any other part of the day. rent here on campus.” Combine college students love of food How does the delivery system work? delivery with chaotic morning routines The robot’s $1.99 delivery fee – which and, perhaps, you have a perfect recipe students can pay through their meal for robots. plan – goes to Starship Technologies, “During the week, people generally and GMU receives a percentage of the want quicker,” Bruce Dean, CEO of 100food sales. School officials say more sales unit Black Bear Diner, told Restaurant means more money for the university. Business, referring to people placing a The robots also provide campus ofpremium on speed during breakfast. ficials with valuable data showing what “They get to work, they have an hour at time students are eating, where that food lunch. But on weekends people will wait is coming from and how meal plans are to get in and sit at the table and that’s being used. Though that information great for us.” won’t be monetized by the school, school Starship Technologies says GMU is the official say, it could lead to changes in first campus in the country to incorpohow the university serves students over time. rate robots into its student dining plan. Starship Technologies has since added With a growing number of students using delivery services like Uber Eats and a new fleet of more than 30 robots at Northern Arizona University’s (NAU) DoorDash, the robots – which travel 7 Flagstaff campus. kmh and make deliveries in 15 minutes “We’ve been very pleased with how or less – are part of an ambitious plan to quickly Starship has been embraced on keep some of that business on campus. The hope, company officials said in Janu- college campuses,” Ryan Tuohy, SVP, Business Development, Starship Techary, was to replicate the fleet elsewhere. “We’re trying to say, ‘Why can’t we do nologies said. “These campuses are hubs it and capture part of those sales also?’” of innovation and activity, with both Mark Kraner, executive director of camstudents and faculty needing convenient Relaysaid. For “It Lifewill Prince George | June 9services.” – 10, 2018 and flexible pus retail operations, benefit

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97/16

THURSDAY, APRIL 11, 2019 | 9

SMALL CLAIMS COURT CHANGES AFFECTING MOTOR VEHICLE ACCIDENT CASES

Many vehicle accident injury claims up to $50,000 will now be taken to the online Civil Resolution Tribunal B.C. PROVINCIAL COURT

Changes to the way many disputes arising from motor vehicle accidents are resolved by B.C. courts took effect April 1. The B.C. Supreme Court still deals with vehicle accident claims larger than $50,000, but many claims for up to $50,000 related to injuries caused by vehicle accidents must now be taken to the online Civil Resolution Tribunal (CRT). The Provincial Court of B.C. continues to deal with civil law disputes involving vehicle accidents in certain circumstances. This column outlines what the provincial court may still deal with under the new laws.  The CRT website describes their new accident claims jurisdiction as: “… making decisions on the following matters relating to motor vehicle accidents, where there is disagreement between the customer and the insurance company: • The entitlement to receive accident benefits;

• The classification of an injury as a minor injury; and ¶ Liability and quantum decisions for motor vehicle injury claims up to $50,000.” Generally, the Provincial Court of British Columbia’s Small Claims Court may deal with claims related to motor vehicle accidents in these circumstances: 1. Accidents occurring before April 1, 2019 The provincial court continues to hear any cases involving accidents that occurred before April 1, 2019 where the claim is for $5,001 to $35,000. 2. When CRT refuses to resolve the claim The provincial court may hear accident claims for up to $35,000 that are within the CRT’s jurisdiction if the CRT decides not to give an initiating notice, declines jurisdiction or refuses to resolve the claim.  3. When the provincial court orders an exemption 

As in CRT small claims matters, parties may apply to have personal injury accident claims for up to $35,000 exempted from the CRT in certain circumstances set out in section 16.2 of the Civil Resolution Tribunal Act. 4. Enforcement of a CRT order or decision A negotiated consent order or final decision of the CRT for up to $35,000 may be filed with the provincial court for enforcement. Once a CRT order is filed with the provincial court, it has the same force and effect as a provincial court judgment, and may be enforced using the same procedures. 5. Stay or dismissal of provincial court proceedings Sections 16.1 and 16.3 of the Civil Resolution Tribunal Act set out circumstances in which a provincial court judge must stay or dismiss certain matters in a proceeding that are within the CRT’s jurisdiction.

6. Certain provisions of the Insurance (Vehicle) Act The provincial court also continues to have jurisdiction in claims under these sections of the Insurance (Vehicle) Act: - section 18 (2) (financial responsibility in other provinces); - section 42.1 (offence); - section 68 (relief from forfeiture); - section 77 (2), (8) and (9) (rights of insurer); - section 78 (payment of insurance money into court); and - section 79 (defence if more than one contract).  These changes to the law involve several B.C. statutes and regulations. If you have suffered an injury in a motor vehicle accident, you may wish to consult a lawyer about your options.  This column provides general information only and should not be used as legal advice.

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SEE SOLUTION ON PAGE 13 97/16 IS A WEEKLY PRODUCT OF THE PRINCE GEORGE CITIZEN


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97/16

SHOULD HEIGHT MATTER IN FINDING A PARTNER? LISA BONOS 97/16 staff

I was thousands of kilometres from home, in a country where I knew only a handful of local phrases, but the concern in his Tinder message was universal. “Disclaimer,� my match wrote. “I’m 1,80 m should you be considering shoe choice.� “I have no idea what that is in feet!� I responded. “But I’m wearing flats anyway.� It turns out that 1.8 metres translates to five feet and 11 inches. Why was a man who’s nearly six feet tall worried that his date might tower over him? At five-footfour, I’m around average height for a North American woman; the average North American man is five-foot-nine. In Portugal, where I was Tinder-swiping on vacation, the average man is slightly shorter (five-foot-seven to the average woman’s fiive-foot-three). Even if I were taller and choosing to wear heels, would that ruin our evening? Would he feel emasculated, and would I feel it was my responsibility to avoid such a plight? I should hope not. I had plenty of concerns about meeting a stranger from the internet - mostly tied to my personal safety. Being taller than my date (naturally or due to footwear) wasn’t one of them. Besides, Lisbon’s uneven cobblestone streets were hard enough to navigate in flats! I could not fathom heels. My match’s “disclaimer� made me laugh. Height is a thing in online dating - a

thing many people care about and some lie about. Some women put their height requirements for a guy in their profile. And sometimes, bizarrely, a person’s height is the only thing in their bio, as if that’s all you need to know about them. As other outdated gender norms in heterosexual relationships are toppling, why do so many daters still want the man to be taller than the woman? I’ve dated men who are shorter than me, those who are my height and those who are taller - and a man’s stature has never been the reason a match didn’t work. I do care, however, when someone lies because they think it might make a better first impression. It always has the opposite effect. When Tinder announced that the popular dating app was developing a “height verification tool,� my first reaction was: Hallelujah! Finally people would stop lying about their height. “Say goodbye to height fishing,� the news release said, coining a term for the height deception that’s common on dating apps. Turned out Tinder’s announcement was just an April Fools’ joke. Still, there’s a grain of truth in it. Do daters really deserve a medal for telling the truth? Is the bar really this low? In short: Yes. Yes, in most heterosexual couples, the man is taller than the woman - but that’s partly because, on average, men are taller than women. And there are certainly exceptions. Nicole Kidman and Keith Urban,

for starters. Sophie Turner and Joe Jonas. Pharrell and Helen Lasichanh. You probably know a couple in your own life to add to this list. Height is associated with masculinity, attractiveness, higher status - and with one’s ability to provide for and protect their family. Daters might not be consciously thinking about this as they’re swiping left and right. An informal 2014 survey of students at the University of North Texas asked single, heterosexual students to explain why they preferred dating someone above or below a certain height. It found that they “were not always able to articulate a clear reason they possess their given height preference, but they somehow understood what was expected of them from the larger society.� But height can affect whom they choose to date. A 2005 study, which looked at a major online dating site’s 23,000 users in Boston and San Diego during a three-anda-half-month period, found that men who were six-foot-three to six-foot-four received 60 per cent more first-contact emails than those who were five-foot-seven to five-footeight. Meanwhile, tall women received fewer initial emails than women who were shorter or of average height. (Of course, it’s unclear whether this pattern is unique to the users of this website or these two cities.) When I think about daters’ preference for the man to be taller, I’m reminded of all the other ways in which relationships

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Obituaries Laurent Bertrand LeBlanc -Forever Obituaries in our HeartsBorn Sept. Business Opportunities 26, 1927 Park Haiste, in Sask., Travis peacefully passed Zenon Clifford October Coming Events Susumu 30, 1982 away June 14, Prince George, The family - June 7, 2016 in BUSINESS 2016. Memorial Services of Travis BC. Laurent announce Shop, next for sale, Sewing was regret Zenon Park raised on a merchandise to Nelly’s Pub, Vancouver his sudden passing to Personal Messages farm in all . Travis for sale, enquiries Chamberla Sask., married in missed A Celebration 1955 they serious only. 250-564-2262 between by mother will be sadly nd in 1954, came to Rita LADY Looking 10am-3pm, Gardiner, forest industry will be held Of Life Prince George 7326 Wendy and in for fit gentleman, 250-64073-80 for father for (Bill) and raise Haiste, daughters Laurent companionshi Ann Blancha Toby smoker/drinke their family. to work in the p. Non Brother entreprenewas a hard working FATHERS rd Eden and(Leona) need apply. r. Only serious Kagetsu, 1:00pm DAY Tyler, Grandpare PANCAKE Emily, Clifford & c/o The PrinceReply to Box Monday Learn how ventures urial and inventive man with BREAKFAST Mark Kagetsu, 1032, June July George Citizen nts Mitzi June 19, fice outlet to operate a Mini-Ofan spirit. at Sunrise 4, 2016 2016 equipment in life include: Dirk HaisteHaiste, Uncles Retired gentleman Julia, Aunt Eagles puter. Can from your home Bruce farmer, Some of his 1255 RaymerVillage(Arlene) Tracy (Kevin non smoking looking for backyard operator, sawmill 6742 Dagg Hall boxer, friends. sis or full be done on a comand daughter& a lady for Road Gagel), ionship, p/t time 8:30 am companKelowna, Avenue, musician; inventor. Laurent owner, miner,heavy FREE online if you choose. bamany family to 11:00 Kagetsu. Predeceased by perhaps for outings, walking, BC am training and was also a port. and Grandfathe however his main instrument and fee. Reply movie or just a www.project4wsupa cofr Harry Travis you Laurent ness.com to Box Prince George was the great banjo, guitar could also ell1071, c/o will be forever Citizen. fiddle, Personal Messages and harmonica play the in our hearts. of the Old Love your Time Fiddlers . He was mandolin, family always enjoyed ANYONE a member Employmen for with a drinking being aroundmany years. Laurent joking, lem? Alcoholics t probtelling Box 1257, people, Anonymous, entertained stories Prince George, Obituaries laughing, and 250-564-7550 . keeping Bryan Minor Laurent generous, Restaurant/Hotel BC. people passed away Robert Mooney others in and always did was kind, creative, CRIMINAL EXPERIENCE what he RECORD? need. with his dian his side children ress needed.D Cook & could to Dad was CanaRecord family (Criminal help Suspension CYNTHIA Accepting Waitsumes at age of June 3, 2016 at by welcome and grandchildren, very proud Camelot American Pardon) seals record. 82 TAYLOR, Restaurant. reand everyoneof his December remembere years. He will the hearts. in his home. He entry. WhyWaivers allows Born 4, legal will be forever d and sadly was be risk employment, 1959, passed suddenly business, by his Laurent missed Skilled Help in our loving ortation, travel, licensing, She will on June 12, children LeBlanc is survived by peace of depwife Jean, 2016. consultation mind? his children: FULL Time her motherbe sadly missed 1-800-347-254 Free (Craig); Derrick and Pamela Forsythe, (Rose), Jeanine Maurice Apply withinHair Stylist needed. grandchildr 0 Jeannot her husbandIrene LeBlanc by LeBlanc, Leanne, (Rick), at Studio en Colleen, LeBlanc, Parkwood and Greg, Mykel, Aline Brent Hendricks Cuts, Place. and all Maya; 10 Trent, Mark, Rawlings, Pauline Jaggers Valerie LeBlanc-Li the Taylor Kirk, great grandchildr Blake, (Ray), lly friends Shirley (Glenn), Samuel, Michelle Price Logan and she has family and Jacqueline Obituaries (Brian). Celebration en; including Vaughan (Marcy). (Cortney), Lisa, Kyle (Meghan), Grandchild her dog, left behind of life to (Dorothy) and siblings He is ren: Saturday, be held Gaylene, Stephanie, Danielle, Davaline Michael, and predeceas at 2120 Baby Girl. Duke welcome. June 18 at Chantelle Melenka, ed by Dwayne Pine St service willsister Jean and Alissia, Melvin daughter (Jaromi), (Mike), Bryan, For 1:00pm. on brother Mitchell contact Latisha, 4:00 pm be held on Monday, Lyle. A and Brady. (Mega Toys Henning Shanna, Tiny at viewing information Everyone Wayne, at Concordia Quinton, It is with 250-640-85 562-6038 Mel) Great grandchildr June 20, funeral South Main Saffire, Savina, Kiera, Kenzie, 57 or Brent, please 2016 at Lutheran family of heavy hearts en: St., Penticton, Michael Liam, Brandon, Church, Siblings: Ronin, Mykyl, at 2502800 passing Mel announces the Gabrielle BC with donationsSchutz officiating. Lucien LeBlanc, on June his Hamelin, Jesse and Erick. pastor may be the age Gerard Society Deserosier Mathias made to In lieu of flowers, of 55. Mel 5, 2016 at QUEEN LeBlanc, Village The Good by his VONDA is survived Ave., Penticton, By The nephews, (Louis). As wellLeBlanc (Lori), Yvonne January Samaritan Station, daughter son Myles 12, as numerous cousins, BC V2A Condolenc 270 Hastings Laurent and June 13, 1927 family Megan 2V6. Victor Melenka. nieces, was mother With heavy 2016 and www.provides may be sent Marie, parentspre-deceased in-law, and friends. Mel also and father Eileen his (Donna), to the family encefunera the passing hearts we announce 1774 leaves his Juliette LeBlanc,Michel and by his loving wife and lhomes.com through of Eleanor (Francis), sisters Brenda brother Perry Ropchan. Rita (Barry), Bazinet. Therese Maria LeBlanc, sisters Vonda 250-493Carol, Amanda hunting, nephews,nieces Wife, Hudon, grandmoth airmodeler Family and and Simonne mother, Dad would and Friends s and black cousins, also was borner and friend. service for are was a very come help you powder Families. his Saskatchew in Duck Vonda on SaturdayLaurent at St. invited to a any time loyal friend, Lake, an. She and roll prayer love of Ropchan. of day, he married brother, a gathering June 25, 2016Mary’s Catholic Church her the Dad loved model to many, son and at 10am, touched They were married life, Norman of friends Citizens uncle always hard many people’s followed and family for 64 years. Nicoli Dad, it camping and cooking Hall. sense by working. didn’t matter at the Elder of humor. lives Mom for everyone. quading, Norman Predeceas and had a great motor biking, if it was RCing, and their sitting around ed lovingly black powder fishing, Joyce Elizabeth rememberedaughter Cheryl. by husband the fun. Love Al Ropchan, shooting d by Sharlene Vonda will Lazar (neeKecho you Dad, camp fire, you always or be Celebration we Kim granddaug Greenwood Ropchan, made it ) of Life to will all miss you. date. , Jo-Anne went to Greenwoodhters Jamie be announced Forrest, McIvor and many June 11, be with the Lord Service at a later and other on battle with 2016 after a lengthy Tuesday, of Remembrancefamily and friends.Claire June 21, will be With great RYAN MICHAEL to family cancer. Her devotion Home, 1055 2016 sorrow, HORNE Ospika Blvd. at Lakewood held on passing supported and belief in of Ryan we announce Funeral God her during the January Michael and ultimately her 15, 1984 Horne. Ryanunexpected We will sadly gave her illness June 11, Joyce is 2016-He and suddenly passed was born peace. miss Ryan enjoyed was 32 children her loving survived by Richard, With Deepest you Mom. away on Kim, Sharlene, Donna spending years old. Love; his friends, (Tom) Makowsky,Lazar (Martinhusband of 57 Al, Jo-Anne, time with years, Billinkoff), phone; he whether it be his family (Cara) Richard and Samantha Jamie, Claire Deborah Lazar, and (Joyce) with them always ensured in person or sisters Maryanne Lazar, Royce on the Joan (Anton) (Bill) and lifting every day. He that he was in contact Justin, Sentes, Rebecca, Glute, grandchildr also enjoyed at the It is hanging Ashley gym, with profound Paul, en Steven, training with his sadness dog Lync making people love of his (Derrick), (Philip), AmandaSarah (Ryan), and snuggling laugh, John, Richelle announce that (Liam), we Ryan is life; Crystal. Caylee, (Von), Randi-Lynn the passing with the Rhianon lovingly of our beloved his parents remembere grandchildrDanielle, and (Danko), brother, d and cherished Brian and Gerard husband Joyce wasen Owen, Hailey, Karissa, and Lorrie, his great Sienna, Forrest Garden. by predeceas sister Tracy-her grandfathe Tom-and their and Elizabeth Gerard ed by her and Myra. r daughter Jack born was Uncle Horne, respectivel Kecho parents in the Lucy, his Greg Aunts in 1989 Steve George Prince and the USA.Robertson, many Linda and Lestock, y. Born September and Diane, Regional Saskatchew Hospital, cousins Ryan is 22, 1938,2014, resided in Canada an in from Prince graduated in Crystal also survived by moved to Sask. until Jan. Joyce grew up George Prince George. 1970 when the love College and son/dog Prince, his step-son for 11 years of his life the Lync, most of and spent and retired She worked at family Shanda, Lane Prince, grandmoth his working Jordan and in-laws-Alphonse, Woolco when er in 1985. career The wake Joyce’s spirituality niece Brielle, at Northwood A woman she became Mandy, will be Pulp. a and Chewie. of Catholic personal family. With held at shaped by his father his house and mother, Gerard is predeceas 16, 2016 friends, and family-from took time a generous and strengthen faith, Left to for close at 5:00 pm ed her and caring Elroy and grieve his to make ed Thursday, pm. special. Garden to The Elda heart, each Saturday, She enjoyed June Funeral (Gale), Don loss are brothers, Garden. family member she June 18 3:00pm for her grandchildr is on Saturday, John Garden. baking delicious at 1:00 Garden at Lakewood Robert feel Ospika Blvd. were a crowd Sisters, Julie (Marie Claire), en and Garden Funeral June 18 at (Carmen Dinner to Thony (Ernie), favourite.A her homemade goodies Fr. Centre at with her (Jim), Patricia Home,1055 Conforti), follow at long with 4:30pm. donuts Paula Valerie the Friendship camping, ever-expanding spending uncles, nieces Garden. As Robinson time and nephews. well as many she was fishing, hunting family, Joyce The family never one loved and aunts, game. our hearts, wishes to thank, to turn down gardening, Joyce travelled a card or and highlight that cared all of the doctors,from the bottom of she and was the August extensively, and board particular, for Gerard during nurses and one their 50thRichard took with 2009 Alaskan his illness. staff Dr. Fibich, Dr. Ducharme, cruise the family anniversar In life will and Dr. Dr. Valev, Dr. Dr. York, Dr. Kraima, to celebrate y. A be K. Immaculate Saturday, Junecelebration of Joyce’s unit. WeYu, as well as the Wilson, Dr. L. Wilson 18 at 2:00 Ave. Prince Conception Church, love and have a special nurses at the p.m. at cancer George, 3285 Cathedral declines volunteers appreciation for acknowledgement BC. the nursing at the of made to flowers, however, Her family gratefully We love staff and the Prince you dearly Prince George donations Joyce’s Hospice Gerard’s and may can be physical George Hospice House. her family Society. presence Cathedral funeral will take God bless you all. will be place at the beauty takes comfort 18, 2016 (887 Patricia Blvd.) missed, Sacred in on Saturday Heart Arrangeme and peace in whichher eternal soul but presiding. at 11:00 am nts in care with Fr. and June she now In Home. 'RQҋWWDNH\ donations lieu John Garden resides. of Grace of RXUPXVFOHV Memorial IRUJUDQWHG or the BC to the Prince flowers, kindly  Funeral George 2YHU Cancer Association Hospice make &DQDGLDQVZ Grace Memorial  House . 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are changing that we still haven’t quite adjusted to. We expect a man not just to be taller than his partner, but to make more money than her, too - even though, in 40 per cent of households with children, women are the sole or primary breadwinners. We have dating apps that require women to make the first move (Bumble, one of Tinder’s top competitors), but we still expect the man to Pop the Big Question and drive a heterosexual relationship forward. Intermarriage is rising steadily - in 2015, 17 per cent of U.S. newlyweds had a spouse of a difference race or ethnicity - but racial discrimination is still disturbingly common on dating apps. Dating apps encourage singles to make quick judgments based on scant information in a profile - information that can be wrong or out-of-date. The real verification happens in person, where people can be physically small with large personalities or tall and exceedingly dull. As my Tinder date and I walked through the Lisbon streets, we talked about the pros and cons of being single while most of your friends are in relationships and the many ways we’ve seen good things end. By the time we said goodbye, I was surprised by how much fun we’d had. He wanted to see me again, but I wasn’t sure. There was another distance I was thinking about one not measured in feet but thousands of kilometres.

A new study from the University of B.C. suggests that a “sizable number of Canadians� would like to be in an open relationship. (Apparently it’s not just the neighbour who lets you know that he and his wife are, well, open, whenever he bumps into you in the elevator.) Although only four per cent of Canadian adults surveyed report being in an open relationship, more than one-in-10 (12 per cent) report open relationships as the ideal. Men, predictably, were more likely to identify open relationships as their preferred type of relationship. “Of that 12 per cent, men came in at 18 per cent (saying they’d like an open relationship) and women at six (per cent), so that looks like it could lead to a lot of tricky relationship conversations,� said Nichol Fairbrother, assistant professor in the UBC department of psychiatry, who led the Ipsos Reid study. The data is consistent with that from the U.S., said Fairbrother. “There’s a ton of research showing men are more receptive to casual sex and more interested in lower commitment and less intensive relationships,� said Fairbrother. “It would be interesting to explore why.� The study, published in the Journal of

Sex Research, defines open relationships as those in which couples agree to share “sexual, emotional and romantic interactions with more than one partner.â€? That includes polyamory (multiple romantic relationships) and swinging (multiple sexual relationships without romantic involvement.) “One of the interesting questions to come out of our study is that only 2.4 per cent of people are in an open relationship, but more would like to be,â€? said Fairbrother. “It does make one wonder what are the impediments from getting into the relationships that they would like to be in.â€? Potential answers are fears of even bringing up the topic, said Fairbrother. “For some people even the suggestion of wanting an open relationship could be intense, and trigger a lot of emotion.â€? Fairbrother believes the data has potentially important clinical uses. If a couple is in conflict over the idea, just knowing the numbers could help reassure couples. “What might help‌ is the normalizing of having attraction to people outside of the relationship and not have that be seen as catastrophic,â€? he said. “This kind of data can be of service to professionals who want to help their clients have these conversations.â€?


SPORTS

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T H U R S D A Y , A P R I L 1 1 , 2 0 1 9 | 13

SPORTS CHANGE IN DIFFERENT WAYS FRED BOWEN 97/16 news service

I’ve been watching a lot of college basketball lately and I’ve noticed that some of the teams are going back to shorter shorts. Not as short as players wore in the 1980s, but clearly above the knee. That reminded me that just as sports fashions change, so do the games themselves. Some aspects of sports have disappeared. In baseball, you don’t see many 20game winners. Years ago, the mark of a great starting pitcher was to win 20 games during the season. In 1971, 14 pitchers won 20 or more games, and in 1973, 13 pitchers won 20 or more. Last season, only two pitchers won 20 games.  In 2017, not a single major league pitcher won 20 games. Why are 20-game winners disappearing? Managers use more relief pitchers and so the starting pitchers often leave the game before the winning team is decided. In basketball, centres are disappearing.  Oh, I know teams usually have some tall player they call a centre.  But very few teams have someone like Shaquille O’Neal or Kareem AbdulJabbar.  Those guys stayed close to the basket and scored from inside the paint. Now even seven-footers are shooting threepointers... if they want to get playing time. Football?  You hardly ever see an offensive lineman in the National Football League who weighs less than 300 pounds. Linemen on big-time college teams are huge, too. For example, all the offensive linemen on the Washington Redskins roster are listed at 300 pounds or more. It wasn’t always like that. In the 1980s, the Redskins had a famous group of offensive linemen called “the Hogs.” Only one of the Hogs - tackle Joe Jacoby - was listed at more than 300 pounds. The

97/16 news service photo

College and pro basketball players are moving away from the long shorts of the past 25 years. University of Virginia guard Kihei Clark wears a shorter version in an NCAA tournament game. Just as sports fashions change, so do elements of the sports themselves. other tackle, George Starke, was 260 pounds. In kids’ sports, it seems there are fewer local neighborhood leagues and teams than years ago.  More kids play on travel teams and go to tournaments held at faraway locations. That means kids’ sports are more expensive than ever. Maybe that’s why kids from wealthy families are twice as likely to play organized sports as kids from poorer families. That’s too bad. Of course, it is not all bad that some things have disappeared from sports. Na-

tional Hockey League players didn’t wear helmets for decades. The NHL started requiring some players to wear helmets only in 1979.

Those long basketball shorts haven’t been a safety hazard, but I wouldn’t be sad to see them go.

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IS YOUR MORNING READY FOR CHICKEN AND WAFFLES CEREAL? MAURA JUDKIS 97/16 staff

At least initially, it doesn’t seem to make sense that sugary junk-food cereals are back in style. In many other aspects of modern eating, we’ve been moving away from artifice and vice. Fast-food companies tout freshness. Salad chains are hot. “Plant-based eating” is the buzz-phrase for the year. Trendy paleo and keto diets made eschewing sugar cool. Companies have worked to eliminate artificial colors, flavors and preservatives. And, for a while, cereal seemed aligned with that movement. Sugary cereals were blamed for childhood obesity, and the industry made moves to improve the nutrition content in their products. A report on sugar in children’s cereals by the Environmental Working Group noted that a 2012 study by the Rudd Center for Food Policy and Obesity, then a part of Yale University, found that the average sugar content in children’s cereals had decreased from 36 per cent to 33 per cent from 2009 to 2012. General Mills pledged to cut sugar in its cereals in 2009. Kellogg’s cut sugar in three cereals, including Rice Krispies, last year. But in 2017, two years after General Mills made a version of its fruity cereal Trix with no artificial colors, the company brought back the old, Technicolor neon version of the cereal. Customers had complained that the all-natural version, which was colored with vegetable and fruit juices and turmeric, looked dull. Meanwhile, cereal sales continued to tumble for a variety of reasons – people were choosing breakfast sandwiches or yogurts instead, and one much-derided report found that millennials hated cleaning bowls. More healthful adult cereals were performing poorly, too. So, to counter declining sales, cereal companies are reversing course: they’re doubling down on the junky, sugary rainbow colors and flavors that kids know and love. Turns out, all that fibre and nutrition and lack of sweetness just wasn’t very fun. That’s why sugary cereals are back in a big way. Cereals modeled after Pop-Tarts, Oreos, Nutter Butter, Chips Ahoy and Nilla wafers have been revived or made their debuts in the past year. For the third time since 2015, Lucky Charms is in the midst of a promotional giveaway of marshmallow-only boxes of its cereal. And there’s Unicorn cereal (“we’ve unicorned pretty much any food that can be unicorned at this point”), Dippin’ Dots cereal (“tastes suspiciously like another General Mills cereal, Kix”) and Sour Patch Kids cereal (“it opens up a portal to hell”). In the midst of this sugary cereal boom, there are so many new flavors! Let’s try them, and see which ones we will live to regret. PEEPS CEREAL

Sugar: 13 grams per serving Making a cereal out of a candy that is just marshmallows dipped in sugar - so, yes, sugar-covered sugar - shows precisely how far we’ve strayed from the light. This is a marshmallow-flavored cereal with marshmallow bits in it, and it’s basically what would happen if you took the marshmallows out of Lucky Charms and put them in Froot Loops instead (except Lucky Charms has only 10 grams of sugar per serving). For a pretty fun-to-eat cereal, it’s

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NEWS

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May 4 Vanier Hall

ANOTHER HOT FLASH! MATINEE SHOW ADDED AT 4PM

97/16 news service photo

In the midst of this sugary cereal boom, there are so many new flavors. not much to look at: the yellow, pink and blue loops are supposed to emulate the colors of standard-flavor Peeps. And the marshmallows are plain white circles. Are they Peep eggs? They’re not egg-shaped, though. It seems lazy. Though Lucky Charms marshmallows often come out as indistinguishable rainbow blobs, they at least try to make them look like unicorns and pots of gold. How hard would it be to make chick- and bunny-shaped marshmallows? BANANA CREME FROSTED FLAKES

Sugar: 10 grams Frosted Flakes has introduced several new flavors – chocolate, cinnamon and honey nut, among them – but banana cream seems like a real gamble. People either love or hate artificial banana flavor, and more often, they seem to hate it. If you don’t mind fake banana, you might think that this tastes like banana bread. If you don’t, you’ll think it tastes like Laffy Taffy in a bowl of milk.

CINNAMON TOAST CRUNCH CHURROS

Sugar: 8 grams Somehow, a cereal modeled after these cinnamon-sugar fried pastries managed to have the least sugar of the entire bunch we’ve tried. But Cinnamon Toast Crunch Churros are just Cinnamon Toast Crunch in a more worldly and sophisticated shape. They taste the same, but the shape makes a big difference: The churros are thicker and crunchier than expected, and bigger, too – almost the size of a Cheeto, which seems, quite frankly, enormous for a cereal. Honestly, you should just eat these plain, for dessert. Don’t even bother with milk. This is a pretty good snack food pretending to be a cereal.

HOSTESS DONETTES CEREAL

Sugar: 13 grams Well, they look just like miniature versions of Donettes, the powdery snack you’d get as a reward for making it through Sunday school or the last sad snack always

97/16 news service photo

Peeps cereal is basically what would happen if you took the marshmallows out of Lucky Charms and put them in Froot Loops instead. left over in the teacher’s lounge. They even nailed the powdery residue. The loops are larger than Cheerios but smaller than Froot Loops. They taste like absolutely nothing, though. The texture is Styrofoam. HOSTESS HONEY BUN CEREAL

Sugar: 14 grams Set aside the rather off-putting shape of this cereal – it looks like a snail or like a misshapen funnel cake, if you’re being generous - this cereal is delicious for all the reasons it’s not supposed to be. Which makes sense, because it has the most sugar of all the ones we taste tested! It somehow manages to have more sugar in it than the cereal with marshmallow bits, which is truly an achievement. It is just a bowl of sugar, and therefore, it is a delight. It gets soggy fast, and it barely tastes like the cinnamon you’d expect in a honey bun. Somehow it works anyway!

MAPLE BACON DONUTS HONEY BUNCHES OF OATS

Sugar: 9 grams There is no pork in this cereal, in case you were worried. But that doesn’t make it any less weird of a combination. It’s your typical Honey Bunches of Oats flakes, with some doughnut loops thrown in – they even have red sprinkles, like a bacontopped doughnut. Which were all the

rage in 2010. The bacon flavor seems to come from some sort of artificial smoke flavor, but it’s unclear from the ingredient list – “natural and artificial flavor” is quite a catchall – so it’s hard to say. What I can tell you is that it is altogether rather unpleasant. CHICKEN & WAFFLES HONEY BUNCHES OF OATS

Sugar: 9 grams If you recognize those adorable waffleshaped pieces, it’s because Post, the maker of Honey Bunches of Oats, used to make a cereal called Waffle Crisp. It was discontinued last summer. Are the waffles in here just the leftover bits of Waffle Crisp? Seems possible! Anyway, all you need to know about this cereal is that the chicken drumstick-shaped pieces contain onion powder, garlic powder and a spice blend of black pepper, marjoram and thyme. In milk.  Let me reiterate: Garlic. Onion.  In milk.  With sugar.  It tastes sort of like a sweet corn bread stuffing for Thanksgiving decided to cosplay as breakfast. Maybe next time we mess around with meat-themed cereals, we just stick to the cutesy shapes?


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© 2019 by Vicki Whiting, Editor Jeff Schinkel, Graphics Vol. 35, No. 18

Earth Month Scavenger Hunt Have fun, get outside, get moving and help out the planet earth by going for a walk to pick up litter in your neighborhood with your family. Wear rubber gloves and be careful!

How many plastic bottles did you pick up? Litter is stuff that is on the ground and in the water that shouldn’t be there. Litter is a big, yucky problem. Some of it is killing animals and poisoning our planet. The good news is that everyone can help solve the litter problem! How? Put trash in cans where it belongs. Pick up litter when you see it. Put the litter in the proper place. Reduce the number of things you use that get thrown away after one use. Teach others!

Graph That Trash!

Look at the bits of trash on this page. Make a graph to show how much of each type of trash you found.

How many aluminum cans did you pick up?

Bamboo = Nature’s Straw Plastic straws are bad news. They are causing many problems for the environment. Birds and fish think they are food. But eating plastic straws can kill them. Plastic straws also clog our drains and waterways causing flooding. And a bunch of old straws littering streets and waterways looks ugly.

How many pieces of waste paper did you pick up?

The good news is that nature has a natural straw! Straws made of bamboo don’t hurt animals. If they end up in the trash, they decompose like all natural materials. Bamboo straws can also be used, cleaned and then used again and again. One straw can be used as much as ____________ times! (Color the even-numbered squares green to reveal the answer.)

PLASTIC

METAL

FOOD

Whale Tragedy

PAPER

7 3 5 9 5 7 9

OTHER

5 2 6 6 4 8 1

1 5 1 5 7 5 9

3 8 2 8 6 4 7

5 2 9 7 3 6 7

9 4 6 4 8 2 5

5 7 5 9 3 3 1

9 6 2 8 4 2 3

7 2 1 3 5 6 5

5 6 4 8 2 4 3

1 9 7 3 5 7 1

5 2 4 6 8 4 7

3 2 7 5 9 4 5

5 6 8 4 2 2 7

9 5 7 1 1 3 9

Replace the missing words.

The result of plastic _____________ of the ocean was recently found in a young whale found dead in the Philippines. According to marine biologists who ________________ the dead whale, 88lbs (40kg) of plastic bags were __________________ by the whale and found in its stomach. Disposable shopping ___________, 16 rice sacks and commercial bags from banana plantations were included. The haul was described as “disgusting.” Many marine mammals are found dead after ___________ discarded ____________. It is a problem that must be addressed if marine life is to survive.

The Good Life

Look through the newspaper for pictures of things and words that describe things that make your life good. Cut these out and make a collage. Standards Link: Research: Use the newspaper to locate information.

There could already be 150 million tons of plastic litter in the world’s oceans. That’s the same weight as 25 million of these large animals. If they stood in a line it would be 124,274 miles (200,000 km) long. It would go around the world five times. To find out what kind of animal, unscramble the letters on the correct path. B Y L V

P

M

Z

E C

K

J

U

R

K

P

E

How many glass bottles did you pick up?

H A

Standards Link: Follow simple written directions.

S N

T

WATERWAYS ELEPHANTS PLASTIC NATURE LITTER OCEANS PROPER DRAINS TRASH STRAW TEACH SOLVE UGLY HURT CLOG

Find the words in the puzzle. How many of them can you find on this page?

S E S O L V E S G W

Y L N T C T O E O A A E I

P C E R T L R

How many plastic straws did you pick up?

Litterati: The APP for Planet Warriors Do you think litter is ugly and bad for the planet? Do you want to be a part of making the planet a cleaner, healthier place? Now there is an APP for that!

Litterati.org has developed an app that asks people to collect, photograph and geotag litter and contribute that data to a global database that tracks and analyzes the world’s litter problem. With the extensive data this citizen science project can provide, litter policies can be created that will make a difference.

W P A T I U A A C T R H R E T H H N S S E A D A S E U I

S H

T N N C A G R R S P

A T R H L O B L T E

W S M Y P R O P E R Standards Link: Letter sequencing. Recongized identical words. Skim and scan reading. Recall spelling patterns.

What does “green” mean?

What does the term “green” mean when used to describe businesses and lifestyles? What do you do that is “green”? R0021655366


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NEWS

T H U R S D A Y , A P R I L 1 1 , 2 0 1 9 | 17

This is the front page from the April 11, 1979 edition of the Prince George Citizen. You can search all of The Citizen’s archives online at pgnewspapers.pgpl.ca


ARTS

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HOW BLACK PANTHER HELPS IN CHEMISTRY CLASS 97/16 WIRE SERVICE

Now that “Black Panther,” the best movie of 2018, has failed to win the Academy Award for Best Picture, let’s talk about the periodic table of the elements. Wait, what? You know, the periodic table, the iconic arrangement of the chemical elements according to their properties that was developed by the Russian chemist Dmitri Mendeleev in 1869 in order to torture high school science students. Oh, sorry. That’s not it. He created the periodic table as a way of grouping known elements by their commonalities and predicting new ones. (For the most part, he made great predictions.) This year, we celebrate its sesquicentennial. The periodic table has accomplished the task – odd among abstruse theoretical constructs – of becoming part of the public discourse (perhaps only the theory of relativity is mentioned more often). Devised at first to help scientists understand the properties of the elements, the table grew into a teaching tool, memorized (or not) by miserable eighth-graders. And among all the great scientific discoveries, only the periodic table inspired a magnificent song by the great Tom Lehrer – a song that, in its entirety, made a delightful if ominous appearance in an episode of the television drama Better Call Saul. OK, great. Three cheers for Mendeleev. What’s any of this got to do with Black Panther? The answer is one word: vibranium. That’s the name of the mythical element on which the film’s story turns. Vibranium possesses an astonishing strength and resilience, and can even resist kinetic energy.

97/16 news service file photo

Letitia Wright plays Shuri in Black Panther Upon this remarkable substance rests the technological might of the tiny nation of Wakanda, enabling it to create a “postscarcity society.” And it’s from vibranium that the Black Panther derives his power. Much of the film’s plot involves a battle over whether technology based on vibranium should be kept secret or shared with the world (at least with the oppressed of the world). All of which leads to a question: if vibranium really existed, where would it reside in the periodic table? This fun puzzle turns out to have pro-

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Grad Suit PackaGe

voked plenty of debate among fans and scientists alike. Even while Black Panther was still in the theatres, some online spelunkers thought they’d found the answer elsewhere in the Marvel universe. Vibranium – Vb, as we’re apparently supposed to call it – belongs in Group 2, among the alkaline earth metals. Around the same time, another commenter decided that vibranium should have atomic number 22, making it titanium. (A sixth stable titanium isotope?) Marvel itself has licensed for sale a T-shirt that gives Vb the atomic number 76 (currently occupied by osmium) and an atomic weight of 194.1 (which would rank between iridium and platinum). The trouble is that the seven existing rows of the periodic table are now full, and other inconvenient elements can’t simply be shouldered aside. So vibranium would have to appear among the “superheavy” elements of the hypothesized eighth row – or perhaps beyond. But now, even within the fiction, a problem arises. You’ll remember from high school science that protons repel each other. When atomic nuclei are large – as they are in the superheavy elements – the binding forces can’t hold all those protons together. Thus the superheavies are, for the most part, unstable. No sooner do they come into existence than they begin to decay. Many exist only for milliseconds, and researchers have yet to be able to create them in anything like the mass that would be necessary to build one tiny Wakandan instrument – to say nothing of the meteorite rich with the stuff that brought the tiny nation its riches. Nevertheless, theorists believe that an “island of stability” exists somewhere among

the superheavies. In particular, researchers expect greater stability in elements 120, 124, and 126, although some think the stability will arise elsewhere in the row. Wherever the island is located, perhaps it could provide Vb a safe harbor. Yes, yes, OK: Vibranium is fictitious. An element with its properties couldn’t exist in our physical world. Marvel tells us that vibranium is of extraterrestrial origin, but the fact that it’s not from Earth doesn’t make its collection of attributes any more possible. Nor does it make the attempt to find it a place in the periodic table entirely pointless. Last June, the Journal of Chemical Education published a letter on the topic from two chemists, Sibrina N. Collins and LaVetta Appleby, both of Lawrence Technological University. They gave students in general chemistry courses an examination question asking where vibranium should be placed in the periodic table. The idea was to show that inquiries of this sort, tying science to popular culture, engage both the attention and the critical faculties of the young. The answers were thoughtful and instructive, and bear close reading, if only to delight in the seriousness that Collins’s and Appleby’s students brought to the endeavor. When we can make science fun, we should. Yes, plenty of movies feature atrocious science. But many others, even within physically impossible settings, present fine opportunities to debate the real thing. That’s why it’s important to place vibranium in the periodic table. Not because we can; we can’t. But we can sure learn a lot while trying.

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97/16

T H U R S D A Y , A P R I L 1 1 , 2 0 1 9 | 19

CAN MACHINES HELP MAKE MEDICINE BETTER? 97/16 WIRE SERVICE

Over the past few years, artificial intelligence has stormed into health care like a consultant from hell, promising to improve quality, cut costs, increase productivity, eliminate diagnostic errors, catch impending strokes before they happen, distinguish benign blips on a mammogram from breast cancer and generally usher in a halcyon era of medicine. Or so claim the more ardent boosters of AI. Open Deep Medicine: How Artificial Intelligence Can Make Healthcare Human Again to almost any page, and you’ll read author Eric Topol’s encomiums of deep learning, in which computers ingest zettabytes of big data and, using a layered algorithmic formula to analyze it, spit out answers about whether, for example, a CT scan indicates cancer or an MRI is evidence of depression. Already the technology, in at least some applications – such as analyzing retinal scans for signs of diabetic retinopathy and skin lesions for hints of melanoma – provides diagnoses and treatment recommendations. Through deep learning, advocates say, AI soon will be able to discover new drugs, construct personalized diets based on individuals’ genetics and other data, and one day make hospital stays obsolete. Topol - a cardiologist, director of the Scripps Research Translational Institute and paid adviser to two AI health companies - isn’t advocating handing over medicine to the machines completely. Instead, he argues that using AI will, paradoxically, make medicine more humane. For one thing, he writes, the technology could make medicine more efficient, allowing doctors to spend more time with patients. “The rise of machines has to be accompanied by heightened humaneness - with more time together, passion and tenderness - to make the ‘care’ in healthcare real,” he notes. It’s a noble wish endorsed by veteran doctor Abraham Verghese in a praising foreword. Give Topol credit for timing.

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Eric Topol’s book, Deep Medicine: How Artificial Intelligence Can Make Healthcare Human Again, looks at how AI is transforming health care. Hardly a week passes without another study describing a triumph for AI in medicine. Among the promises heralded in these pages: diagnosing some forms of melanoma “even better than board-certified dermatologists,” identifying heart rhythm abnormalities as expertly as cardiologists and scrutinizing pathology slides for signs of cancer as well as experienced pathologists. Medical AI systems use a similar process to the one that teaches driverless cars to recognize pedestrians, other vehicles and stop signs. Just as Waymo’s algorithms are based on what millions and millions of people look like - in shadow and light, tall or short, running or walking – in order not to run them

over, so AI systems in medicine are trained on images and what they mean. For example, they suck up thousands of retinal images that mean diabetic retinopathy and thousands that don’t, and images of thousands of moles that mean melanoma and thousands more that don’t, in each case learning which features indicate the presence (or absence) of serious disease. The result, in an ideal world, is faster, more accurate diagnosis; with minimal human input, the technology also enables advanced medicine to reach underserved areas. Some of these AI systems have proved viable: last year, the Food and Drug Administration approved the sale of one used to read head CTs and diagnose

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for AI to transform medicine,” but the reader is left with something like that old New Yorker cartoon: equations on the left, equations on the right, and in the middle, “Then a miracle occurs.” Since making AI work is a scientific and data problem, that miracle would presumably involve scientific and data solutions. But there are other AI drawbacks that arise from more nefarious threats: hacking and data privacy, as well as “the potential to deliberately build (AI systems] that are unethical, such as basing prediction of patient care recommendations on insurance or income status,” Topol notes. Too cynical, you scoff? Try electronic health records. EHRs were supposed to reduce medical error, avert duplicated tests and prescriptions, and otherwise improve patient care, but they have not. Rather, they have enabled American doctors and hospitals to wring the last possible penny out of patients and other payers, as Topol laments, such as by finding every single billable code (and suggesting the most expensive ones). A study by researchers at MIT and Harvard has concluded that a deliberate, “small, carefully designed change in how inputs are presented to (an AI) system [can] completely alter its output, causing it to confidently arrive at manifestly wrong conclusions,” such as calling benign moles malignant. How’s that for a dermatologist income booster – and for instilling fear (and lack of trust) among patients? Topol is a dreamer. “One can imagine that AI will rescue medicine from all that ails it, including diagnostic inaccuracy,” he writes. (There are roughly 12 million misdiagnoses of serious illness in the United States every year, and medical error kills a quarter-million Americans annually.) But even Topol admits that this hope is far from being actualized. Indeed.

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stroke, and in 2017 the agency approved an AI system for reading heart MRIs. To his credit, Topol points out that most deep-learning successes have come in best-case settings. “The field is long on computer algorithmic validation and promises but very short on real-world, clinical proof of effectiveness,” he tells us. He also includes examples of where AI blew it. One of his own patients elected to undergo stenting of a coronary artery to treat severe fatigue, and it worked - even though an AI system ingesting all the medical knowledge in the world would have said don’t do it. He points to studies of algorithms that have found “far more false positives than a human would make” in detecting some types of cancer. If you’re the type who remembers past techno-predictions and wonders, “where’s my flying car?,” Deep Medicine may give you permanently raised eyebrows. Take the Apple Watch: the device can detect changes in heartbeat that might mean atrial fibrillation, but in at least one test it had an accuracy rate of only 67 per cent. More fundamentally, since much published research - by one account at least half of medical studies - is wrong, and one basis of deep learning is these studies, how will AI know which ones to ignore? And since almost every association between genetic variants and risk of disease comes from studies of white Europeans, how do we tell AI not to apply those findings to Asian or African patients? Aware of both the promise and the limitations of deep learning, federal regulators are rushing to establish oversight of this use of AI in medicine, with the FDA announcing Tuesday that it will begin formulating rules for the systems. Topol has clearly thought deeply about all this, but Deep Medicine”would have been even better if he’d explained how we’ll get from today’s highly imperfect AI systems to the brilliant ones he calls inevitable. He notes “how challenging it will be

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