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RELIGIOUS EXPERIENCES SPECIAL EDITION

THE PENDULUM

Wednesday, November 18, 2020 Volume 50, Edition 14 Elon, North Carolina

NAVIGATING FAITH

IN A PANDEMIC

CLARE GRANT | PHOTO EDITOR

Rev. James Wilkes Jr. of Elon First Baptist Church gives a morning sermon on Sunday, Nov. 15 to an empty church while recording the service for an online audience.

Spiritual leaders and people of faith navigate their beliefs through the hardships of the pandemic and life Mackenzie Wilkes | Executive Director | @mac_wilkes

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HE PRAISE TEAM SINGS, the drummer beats their drum and the Rev. James Wilkes Jr. gives an impassioned sermon each Sunday at Elon First Baptist Church — all to rows of mostly empty pews. Over eight months of masks, limited gatherings and physical distancing have affected aspects of everyday life — work, school, social activity and even how people worship during the coronavirus pandemic. As COVID-19 continues to spread, places of worship and people of faith are learning to worship during a pandemic. Thus leaving Wilkes, the senior pastor, to stand at the lectern, with rows of deserted pews, delivering his message to his congregation via Facebook Live, YouTube and by phone. “I think that we are called to realize the significance of the church now. We understand that while we cannot collectively join together, that we can still collectively join together, virtually,” he said. “And it’s a commitment to continue to

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worship together whether I’m in New York or I’m in D.C. or I’m in Texas, wherever, because people are traveling now; people are watching us from everywhere.” Places of worship are not subject to mass gathering limits set by North Carolina, but the state does advise them to limit in-person worship and if possible reduce services inside to 100 people or 30% of the fire capacity. Surges of COVID-19 clusters from religious gatherings peaked in October. Across the state, there have been 104 clusters from religious gatherings which have collectively resulted in 1,460 cases of COVID-19 and 25 deaths as of Nov. 16, according to the North Carolina Department of Health and Human Services. In March, as the pandemic triggered lockdowns across the country — and the world — Elon University Chaplain Jan Fuller had to learn how to be a chaplain over Zoom. She wanted to start a dialogue and encourage people to think about what is going on around the world,

A look into the projects from the Multifaith Scholars Program

BY THE NUMBERS

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clusters from religious gatherings across North Carolina which have collectively resulted in 1,460 cases of COVID-19 and 25 deaths as of Nov. 16, according to the North Carolina Department of Health and Human Services

so Fuller began to write. Sentences and paragraphs of hopes, fears and day-to-day thoughts are what Fuller writes in her nowweekly chaplain reflections. “One of the things I’m trying to do a little bit more in my reflection is to be a little more vulnerable than I might otherwise, to invite that for the rest of us, because it’s hard to feel like I’m really getting to know you when we’re both in masks and we’re on screens … it’s not the same,” Fuller said.

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Burlington Masjid works to change people’s view of Muslim culture

These reflections are meant to bring people together for what would be communal activities, now at a time when people are distant. Elon senior Anne-Tillery Melson said maintaining a spiritual community has been an important thing the past few months. Melson is the leader of the senior women’s group of InterVarsity, a Christian ministry at Elon University. Melson has been a part of InterVarsity since her freshman year, this year she began leading a group of six other women in faith and having this group not just to navigate the pandemic with, but to discuss faith with is important. … “Once you feel that peace that comes from being in community and from praying and all the things that come with being a Christian, it’s really hard to imagine what going through the trials of life is like without it,” Melson said.

See FAITH | pg. 4

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Religious activities adapt to COVID-19 regulations


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Religion

Wednesday November 18, 2020

MULTIFAITH SCHOLARS ENGAGE IN RESEARCH PROJECTS A junior and a senior work with faculty mentors to examine how faith is influencing religious Graysen Shirley Elon News Network

In 2018, senior Kylee Smith spent the summer interning at Refugee Resettlement, a group which responds to humanitarian crises and helps individuals displaced by international conflict. While there, she was able to build intercultural relationships with Muslim refugees and assist them with adjusting to life in the United States. Smith’s experiences working with refugees shaped her curiosity in learning about the culture of Muslim majority nations and inspired her to research migrants’ process of acculturation to the United States. “That really piqued my interest and so I started to research more about some migrants and Muslim immigrants and their acculturation proccess to the United States,” Smith said. Smith and junior Katie Grant are multifaith scholars and Elon college fellows who are utilizing their knowledge of religious studies to examine how faith is influencing local communities’ cultures. The Multifaith Scholars Program at Elon is a two-year program in which students undertake experiential and engaged learning around multifaith issues, such as the effect of relocation on religion and Christian Identity’s influence on shaping religious beliefs. Each multifaith scholar takes part in research projects aimed toward gaining a deeper understanding of how faith has impacted the cultural experiences of religious groups. Current research projects include “Practices, Beliefs, and Identities: Muslim Immigrants’ Acculturation to the United States” and “Analyzing Recruitment and Retention Techniques of Christian Identity Extremist Groups in an Online Context.”

Multifaith Scholar application process

Students who have indicated an interest in religious studies will apply in the spring of their sophomore year to be a multifaith scholar. During the application process, students generate original research project ideas and identify a desired mentor they want to assist them with the project. Students then write up a proposal of their research project which will be looked at by religious studies faculty, including Amy Allocco who is the founding director of the Multifaith Scholars Program. Allocco, along with other faculty members, then interviews each applicant to see who would be the best fit for the program. Typically, five students are accepted into the program each year. Grant and Smith said Allocco greatly assisted and helped them during the application process. After becoming multifaith scholars, students work with faculty mentors to refine their projects and match their ideas with other opportunities, such as summer undergraduate research experiences and foreign language training. When speaking about research projects, Allocco said it allows students to engage in a creative outlet and develop projects that match with students’ key interests. “The possibilities are pretty endless.

Senior Kylee Smith presenting her research project on Muslim immigrants’ acculturation to the United States

PHOTO COURTESY OF KYLEE SMITH

Students have created documentaries and photo exhibits, like a ‘Humans of New York’ style photo exhibit,” Allocco said. “Students have a lot of scope to engage in creative outlets and to develop products and outcomes that really match their aim and also the desires of the communities with whom they’re working.”

Current research projects

Grant and Smith are currently working on research projects centered around how faith is impacting the cultures, practices and beliefs of different religious groups. Grant chose for her project to examine the patterns of “Christian Identity” groups because the subject matter combines data analysis and history, her two favorite subjects. “Christian Identity” is a rightwing religious ideology described as “Christian in name only” and “antisemitic” by the Southern Poverty Law Center.

THE POSSIBILITIES ARE PRETTY ENDLESS. STUDENTS HAVE CREATED DOCUMENTARIES AND PHOTO EXHIBITS, LIKE A ‘HUMANS OF NEW YORK’ STYLE PHOTO EXHIBIT. AMY ALLOCCO FOUNDING DIRECTOR OF THE MULTIFAITH SCHOLARS PROGRAM

Grant is working on the project alongside Megan Squire, a professor in computer science who studies how online communities, such as extremist groups, function. A major component of Grant’s online research is Telegram, a messaging platform she said may be a breeding ground for the spread of

PHOTO COURTESY OF KYLEE SMITH

Left to right: Kylee Smith, Sarah Jane McDonald, Madison Gray, Srija Dutta and Anna Daniel are members of the 2019-2021 Multifaith Scholars cohort.

propaganda and retention materials for Christian Identity groups. In her research, she is looking at public channels on Telegram and said a lot of the things she is examining have caused her to dissociate from what she is studying. Grant is currently exploring the history of Christian Identity groups since their origins in the 1920s through textbooks. Through the collection and aggregation of historical data, Grant is working to create an online network of Christian Identity individuals and organizations. The network she created will then be used to study the overall structure and ideological patterns of Christian Identity groups. While Grant chose to study the patterns of Christian Identity groups, Smith opted to research how Muslim immigrants are adjusting to living in a multi-religious setting. “I’m utilizing the fields of interreligious studies, migration studies and human geography to provide an understanding of their experiences and trying to emphasize that religious identity is not a barrier to acculturation in the United States,” Smith said. Alongside her mentor, Sandy Marshall, she is working with resettled Muslim immigrants to understand how their migration to the United States shaped their current religious beliefs and practices. This summer, Smith interviewed 16 Muslim immigrants in the Piedmont Triad area of North

Carolina. She asked the immigrants about their cultural and religious beliefs in order to make comparisons between the values and customs of Muslim-majority nations and the United States. Smith concluded immigrants’ encounters with non-Muslims caused them to constantly evaluate their own practices and beliefs, blending values and customs of Muslim-majority countries and the United States. “Their everyday encounters with non-Muslims and just the everyday calendar and work schedule in North Carolina prompts them to critically evaluate their own beliefs and determine how to practice Islam most fully in this new cultural context,” Smith said. “They actually strengthen their faith, and there’s a moment of kind of choosing it for themselves.” Both Grant and Smith are working toward understanding different religious ideologies and embracing religious diversity through examining the patterns of religious groups in their research projects. When reflecting on the importance of multifaith, Smith explained how the program has helped her to gain a deeper understanding of religious communities around the world. “Engaging with communities that are different than you are the most impactful and transformative learning experiences,” Smith said. “I think it’s really imperative to know and be able to interact with cultures and religions that are different from you.”


REligion

Wednesday November 18, 2020

NEW, BIGGER MENORAH GIVES ELON CHABAD CLOSURE Chabad serves as a traditionally conservative Jewish student community center for Elon University Jack Norcross

News Director | @JNorcrossNews

As he stands outside of Elon Chabad, Rabbi Mendy Minkowitz finally has some closure, placing the freshly minted metal flames into his new nine foot tall cemented menorah. “Having such a beautiful one that is far nicer than the other one we had previously,” Minkowitz said. “It gives me a sense of vindication, you know? Not only do we have a menorah again, but we have a nicer one in the face of all of those who wished otherwise.” Open since 2015, Chabad is a traditionally conservative Jewish student community center housed off campus. Funded through private donations, the center is run by Minkowitz and his family. With a large menorah and a sign identifying the home, this Jewish enclave stands out in Alamance County, which has a Jewish population of less than 1%. In May, after most students had left campus due to the coronavirus pandemic, the large menorah standing outside the home was torn down. “My first feeling was a feeling of feeling violated,” Minkowitz said. “Like someone stepped on my personal property, touched something personal, private of mine or of our community and just damaged it without any care for the fact that, to us, it’s important.” Elon senior Jo Fradkin was one of the few Chabad community members on campus

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JACK NORCROSS | NEWS DIRECTOR

Rabbi Mendy Minkowitz putting the finishing touches on the new menorah outside of the Chabad house. Six months after the original menorah was taken down, a bigger and better one was made, giving closure to Mendy.

when the menorah was torn down. “It was really devastating. We all immediately went over. We saw the menorah in shambles on the front yard,” Fradkin said. “People still not understanding us, people still feeling like they have to act out in such a way that is really painful for us who find that house to really represent safety, to then feel unsafe yet again.” But this wasn’t the first crime against Elon Chabad. Seven months earlier the neighborhood was first awakened to acts of hate on Yom Kippur, one of the holiest holidays on the Jewish calendar. Inside, nearly 40 Jews break their full-day fast together. “Initially, I heard it very clearly, but I didn’t at all think it was a gunshot,” Minkowitz said when asked to recall the events of Oct. 9, 2019. “First of all, I’m not used to hearing gunshots. It’s not the first thought that goes to my mind.” He would soon realize a gunman had fired shots toward the home, breaking glass windows and damaging cars. “I just remember thinking, like, ‘Oh my god, like, it really was gunshots,’” Elon junior and Chabad president Sami Herbert said. The town of Elon police were able to find fingerprints on the menorah, but that and a social media investigation led to nothing in either crime. A privately paid uniformed town of Elon police officer now stands guard outside the home during all gatherings — something that elicits mixed feelings for Minkowitz and his family. “I’m happy that we’re protected,” Minkowitz said. “And obviously it’s uncomfortable to know that we need that. I don’t like to have to need security. I want to just be a free person like everybody else

PHOTO COURTESY OF RABBI MENDY MINKOWITZ

Seven months after a gunshot was heard outside of the Chabad house, the menorah was torn down on May 12 while a majority of Elon students were home for remote learning for COVID-19.

without needing extra security to be safe.” Crimes against Jewish communities aren’t unique to the town of Elon. According to the Anti Defamation League, over 2,100 anti-Semitic incidents occurred across the country in 2019, the most since tracking began 40 years ago.

I HOPE ANTI-SEMITES DON’T CONTINUE TO TARGET US, BUT EVEN IF THEY DO, IT DOESN’T WORRY ME. NEVER DO I THINK, ‘THIS IS IT … THIS IS THE END OF MY JUDAISM, I HAVE TO PUT [IT] IN MY BACK POCKET AND KEEP IT A SECRET. SAMI HERBERT JUNIOR AND CHABAD PRESIDENT

CHRISTIAN GALVANO | ELON NEWS NETOWRK

The back window of a car struck by gunfire outside of the Elon Chabad house on Oct. 9, 2019. Senior Jo Franklin heard the noise but didn’t know what it was. Later, it was identified as a gunshot.

The crimes at the Chabad house have only served to further unite Elon’s Jewish community behind their faith. “I hope anti-Semites don’t continue to target us, but even if they do, it doesn’t

worry me,” Herbert said. “Never do I think, ‘This is it … this is the end of my Judaism, I have to put [it] in my back pocket and keep it a secret.’” For Minkowitz, it too is about standing firm with his faith. “If we want to send a message to fellow Jews here in town — or in Elon University or wherever — and they are thinking, ‘Maybe I should lay low with my Judaism.’ If we want to send them a message not to do that, to not cower and fear and to not be silent, then we need to erect a nicer, bigger, better menorah,” Minkowitz said. With financial support from people across the country, Minkowitz was able to enlist Beechwood Metalworks to build a new menorah with a phoenix design. Not only is the phoenix the mascot of the university, but it is also a symbol of renewal and rebirth. Over five months after the first menorah was torn down, the new, nine-foot tall menorah was cemented into place on Oct. 29, providing closure to Minkowitz and the Chabad community. For Fradkin, the structural damage that was intended to tear down the community allowed them to build back stronger than ever. “It’s demonstrated the fact that there’s nothing that can happen to our community that’s going to take it away from us,” Fradkin said. “And it’s devastating that we live in a place where it’s not always safe to publicly express our Judaism, but it also only demonstrates how unified we are and how proud we are of our Jewish heritage.” Isabella Seman and Christian Galvano contributed to the reporting of this story.


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Religion

Wednesday November 18, 2020

The navigation of religious beliefs amid COVID-19 FAITH | from cover Building community apart

Melson and her small group meet every Wednesday evening on Zoom to study the Bible and discuss passages. Although three of the group members are her roommates, Bible study is a chance for all of the women to gather together and focus on what they have in common — their faith. “As far as my house, we pray together, cry together, dance together, all the things but with the other girls ... I see them in person, I check in with them via text, I FaceTime them,” Melson said. “I just always am asking them ‘what can I pray for you about?’ And I think that they feel really, really safe in that.” Melson said the ability to come together and pray — even through a screen — gives her a moment of peace amid everyday life. “To feel the Lord’s presence, invite him into that space and then you feel like an immediate sense of peace when that happens,” Melson said. “It kind of focuses everyone because we meet on Wednesday nights, and I think sometimes people … they’ve had a busy day, or they maybe have something going on the next day and their mind is kind of all over the place. And so I find that when we open and close in prayer, it’s really restorative.” Imam Shaher Sayed of the Burlington Masjid said the mosque had to close for almost three months for the safety of its members. In May, the mosque held a drive-thru iftar — breaking the fast — for Ramadan. Now the masjid has opened back up for a physically distant Friday prayer. “This masjid can handle almost 200 people and we used to be almost at capacity. Now, with social spacing and distancing … I say to people a maximum [can come to] prayer. Not because not that many people don’t come, but because we don’t want to put anyone at risk, but the community is staying connected,” Sayed said. From college freshman to church elders, people are seeking a community in spirituality. Sophomore Miriam Skadron is an engagement intern with Elon Hillel, where she is responsible for integrating freshmen into the Jewish community at Elon. Skadron said that faith and spirituality have been at the forefront of Hillel’s gatherings even when they’re virtual. Although events have been limited at Hillel, some traditions remain the same — Shabbat dinner and high holidays. “I think it was a really, really great way to bring the community together,” Skadron said. “I think this semester, faith has been especially important because it’s kind of been the cornerstone of the events that Hillel has been doing.” At Elon First Baptist Church, Wilkes has tasked deacons and ministers with reaching out to the church’s elderly members and the rest of the congregation of over 400 people. “I have called our sick and shut-in, and I’ve called some of our seniors, and I try

to do that on a consistent basis. You know, often reach out to people here there,” Wilkes said. “But for the most part, we’ve stayed connected through our leadership of our church.”

The hardships of the pandemic

Leaving over 240,000 dead in the United States and over 1.3 million worldwide, the coronavirus has left its share of devastation and hardships. On top of what the pandemic has brought, the hardships of life go on. Planning sermons and preaching week to week hasn’t been an easy task for Wilkes. “For me personally, preaching is extremely mentally exhausting now, because I’m preaching alone [to] nobody,” he said. “It’s an empty room, right? So it’s mentally exhausting.” Even still — despite his exhaustion and own personal hardships — Wilkes continues to preach because it’s something he has been called to do — give hope to others. Wilkes’ father died suddenly in June, unrelated to COVID-19, and he continues to preach every Sunday to help people going through tragedies and hardships like how people helped him. “Preaching is my passion. Passion is my purpose,” Wilkes said. “It’s being able to get up through everything that I’ve gone through this year, I lost my father and some other things [happened]. Being able to get up and give the same hope somebody gave to me.” Wilkes said it’s his family and church that’s been able to help him through his loss. “My church stood with me and around me. My family, my wife, stood around me. And I’m healing. I’m not whole, but I’m healing. And I know that it’s because of the prayers of the people here,” he said. Tragedies, the stresses of life amid the pandemic have only strengthened Melson’s

I DON’T KNOW HOW PEOPLE WHO DON’T HAVE FAITH IN SOMETHING — ANYTHING — BUT, ESPECIALLY LIKE THE RELATIONSHIP THAT I HAVE WITH GOD, LIKE, I DON’T KNOW HOW PEOPLE ARE GETTING THROUGH 2020 WITHOUT IT THIS SEMESTER AND EVEN JUST LIFE. ANNE-TILLERY MELSON SENIOR

BEN MUSE | STAFF PHOTOGRAPHER

Sophomore Miriam Skadron is an engagement intern for Elon Hillel, where she is responsible for integrating freshmen into the Jewish community at Elon University.

The Rev. James Wilkes Jr. of Elon First Baptist Church preaches, a passion and a purpose of his.

resolve in her faith. Melson’s faith and small group were there to support her through the death of her grandfather in October, the ongoing pandemic and the stress of classes and the election. “It really would have been unbearable without knowing that the Lord has a plan that he’s going to provide for me and that I think it’s hard to see sometimes, but I think that we’re not meant to completely understand,” Melson said. “We talked a lot in our small group about how the Lord, how we believe that the Lord is sovereign, and he’s so, he’s so big, and he’s so great that we can’t even really understand that.” Melson said the support of her faith is what has gotten her through the stresses of life, classes and the pandemic. “I don’t know how people who don’t have faith in something — anything — but, especially like the relationship that I have with God, like, I don’t know how people are getting through 2020 without it this semester and even just life,” Melson said. Sayed said keeping people positive — even through hardships — is a theme of the Islamic faith. “You always have to look up that each hardship would have an end in sight,” he said. “So a lot of reminders of endurance and that the end results is what matters and that this thing has a beginning so it will have an end and all it takes is to do what it takes to survive and it will be over.” Skadron has been involved with leadership in different Jewsish communities since high school and Hillel was a place hopes that people see the Shabbat and Hillel as a place they can come to for dinner “I hope that people see Hillel not as something that they have to do, but something that’s relaxing, something that’s energizing depending on what you’re

CLARE GRANT | PHOTO EDITOR

looking for,” she said. “Something to kind of recalibrate from school and from the stresses of living life during a pandemic.”

Finding hope in religion

For these faith leaders and worship goers, certain passages have given them guidance as the pandemic persists. While Fuller is a chaplain over all spiritual life at Elon, she is a Christian and the story of the crucifixion is something that she has been returning to over the course of the pandemic. She finds the story important because it shows that God suffered just as humans did. “I think the story of God’s suffering with human beings … [and] willingly experiencing what it means to live and die as a human being is a powerful resource,” Fuller said. “To me, it’s a powerful story of a God who cares enough to join us in our problems.” Sayed returns to one of his favorite passages displayed in the lobby of the masjid that reads: With hardship there is ease, indeed with hardship there is ease. He said that the passage helps him to be “graceful to God, always looking forward.” “That’s a constant reminder that no matter how hard things get, it will ease at the end of it,” Sayed said. At one point this year, the demands of life and church had left Wilkes stressed to the point of tears while he was preaching. He said in that moment, a piece of scripture that came to mind read: “Let us not grow weary in well doing, for in due season we shall reap if we do not fret.” Wilkes said this passage is something he lives by, not just during the pandemic. “I am believing if we keep holding on — if all of us just keep holding on to God — that we will get to reap a major harvest if we don’t quit,” Wilkes said.


REligion

Wednesday November 18, 2020

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A LOOK INTO ALAMANCE COUNTY’S ONLY MOSQUE GRACE TERRY | MANAGING EDITOR

Imam Shaher Sayed stands in the Burlington Masjid on Nov. 13. This is where he now leads prayer over Facebook Live rather in front of people due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

The Burlington Masjid works to change people’s view of Muslim faith Grace Terry

Elon News Network | @gfterry9

There was pushback when Shaher Sayed and his community tried to acquire a building that once was a church. The pushback came from “a group in the community that didn’t comprehend the idea of having a Muslim church or a mosque here,” Sayed, the imam for the Burlington Masjid, said. But Sayed said he chose to deal with it in a positive way. “If you keep doing positive things, hearts will change,” Sayed said. One of his favorite memories from his time at the masjid was changing one of those hearts. During the opening of the new space for the Al-Aqsa Community Clinic — a free health center located in the masjid that treats people who do not have health insurance — one the mosque’s critics had come for a tour. “He’s talking to me and I noticed a change in the tone, and I looked back and the gentleman had really tears in his eyes saying ‘I didn’t know that about you,’” Sayed said. “That was one heart, but it meant a lot.” The Burlington Masjid is the only mosque in Alamance County and serves the about 300 Muslim families from 45 different nationalities in the area, according to Shaher Sayed. “There is no other place for the Muslims to congregate and a lot of our prayers require or are prepared in the congregation,” Shaher Sayed said. Located on Mebane Street in Burlington, Shaher Sayed and his family acquired the building — which used to be a church — on the last day of 2014. The deal was closed at 9 a.m. and they had begun to use the building for prayer services at 3 p.m. that day. Sayed and his family had been laying the groundworks for that move for years. In 2004, they started a Sunday school which they held in rented out spaces and Shaher Sayed’s wife, Anal Khdour, started the clinic in 2009.

“We started just renting a place here and there to do the prayers,” Shaher Sayed said. “And then [we] realize[d] this is not sustainable.” The building allowed them to transform the space not only into a place of worship but a community center. The pandemic has put some restrictions on this community though, now prayers are mainly being held through Facebook Live, and many events, like the Sunday school, are virtual. Elon University senior Srija Dutta attends the virtual weekly game nights put on by the masjid’s youth program. Although she is not Muslim herself, the international studies major has been involved with the program since her freshman year. While the game nights are different than visiting the masjid in person, Dutta said it is one of her favorite memories. “It’s very different from the events that we’re used to,” Dutta said. “But I think that because they’re so different that it honestly adds like another layer of importance to them, and every single week I know, regardless of what happens I get to get on that call on Sundays and I see all these smiling faces.” Moneeb Sayed, Shaher’s son, is the youth coordinator at the masjid. He started the youth program nine years ago during his senior year of high school because he wanted to make sure he stayed involved with the community after he graduated and because there was no other place for muslim youth to hangout with other muslims. “There wasn’t that spot where I could go and hang out with other Muslim youth,” Moneeb Sayed said. “A lot of youth, they’re going through things where it’s like, ‘I’m all alone. There’s nobody like me. Am I weird because I’m Muslim?’” Almost ten years after it started, the program is mostly run by members of the youth committee — which is made up of six or seven young members of the mosque — and Moneeb is there as support. “It’s run completely by the youth,” Moneeb Sayed said. “These days, we’re actually sitting down with the committee. And just ask them, What do you guys want to do?” As for the community’s receptions of the masjid, Moneeb Sayed was surprised by how open they have been.

The Burlington Masjid is the only mosque in Alamnce County.

I’M REALLY LOOKING FORWARD TO COMING HERE ONE DAY AND FINDING PEOPLE FROM ALL DIFFERENT FAITHS COMING TOGETHER AND DOING THINGS FOR THE COMMUNITY, EACH ONE SERVING IN THEIR OWN CAPACITY AND ABILITY. SHAHER SAYED IMAM FOR THE BURLINGTON MASJID

CLARE GRANT | PHOTO EDITOR

“There’s a lot more folks that are open minded, willing to work together, despite anybody’s backgrounds and all that,” he said. The masjid has been able to do some events with local churches, such as inviting them to break fast with them during Ramadan, with one Christian congregation even inviting them to do it at their church. “That was like really making history that, because it hasn’t happened before that the whole Muslim community goes in the church,” Shaher Sayed said. “The prayer rugs, they have spread some on the floor for us, the food, even the dessert, they picked up stuff that they know Muslims like.” As for what Shaher Sayed looks forward to after the pandemic it is going to the mosque and finding people there. “I’m really looking forward to coming here one day and finding people from all different faiths coming together and doing things for the community, each one serving in their own capacity and ability,” Sayed said. “And that we will stop tagging people based on their religion or ethnicity that we just are all together. We all are humans and we share this space called community.”


Religion 6 Elon’s faith-based organizations adapt to COVID-19 restrictions Wednesday November 18, 2020

Religious organizations find ways to provide for their communities’ spiritual needs despite pandemic restrictions Becca Chase

Elon News Network

The COVID-19 pandemic has created unprecedented challenges for campus organizations attempting to support students, build community and connect people. Elon’s faith-based organizations are no exception, especially as students are seeking solace in their religious traditions to help them through the pandemic. Faith groups from across the religious spectrum are learning how to adapt and in many cases, thrive — in their mission to minister to students’ spiritual needs when it matters most. Sami Herbert is president of Chabad, one of Elon’s Jewish student organizations, where she works to adapt its outreach to the realities of the pandemic. Last year, Chabad would host 20 to 50 people for Friday Shabbat (Sabbath) dinners. “We’d all be packed into a room, sharing food and stories, sitting close to each other. It was a very homey, comfortable feel,” Herbert said. Chabad still hosts Shabbat dinners every Friday in person, but outside, masked and distanced, with a 25 person limit and a RSVP requirement. “We’ve pretty much been able to go host events and do things in person, obviously just abiding by the CDC guidelines,” Herbert said. Chabad has also held online events. On Nov. 5, they hosted Elon grandparent George Abraham, who shared a firsthand account of the horrors of the Holocaust. Herbert said that it was important to Chabad to still maintain human interaction during a time of physical distance. “That communal and familial feel is very important in the Jewish community,” Herbert said. “Making sure we could make things as “normal” as possible and have that human interaction, especially when a lot of students have all their classes online or may be confined to their room.” Herbert said the practice of “tikkun olam,” or “repairing the world,” is almost more necessary now because of the COVID-19 pandemic. “I would argue that me reaching out to a Jewish freshman who may be feeling lost and needs some help or clarity or needs a home cooked meal is tikkun olam,” Herbert said. “ It’s really the little acts that build up over time.” Herbert was eager to emphasize Chabad’s role as a home for Elon’s Jewish community. “Chabad is a home for every Jewish student. No matter where you are on the spectrum of Judaism, we are here for you, “ Herbert said. “ Even if you’re not Jewish, we would love to have you.” Father Peter Tremblay is chaplain for Elon’s Catholic Campus Ministry.He participates in extensive pastoral counseling, one-on-one mentoring and supports student-run CCM events. “We’ve tried very hard to maintain a consistent list of events,” Tremblay said. “The big difference is how we run them.” Kaitlyn Sendzik coordinates CCM student engagement, overseeing interns who reach out to new students to get them involved. “We’ve been doing our best to build up Catholic Campus Ministry on campus,” Sendzik said. “Our core team has done a phenomenal job of planning and holding many different events to build community.” CCM has successfully run Masses following social distancing guidelines, similar to the schedule they would have had outside of the pandemic. “Our 10 a.m. Mass has a virtual option, so if students are not comfortable coming to worship in person, they can watch and can still be engaged in our community,” Sendzik said. CCM has held retreats, social gatherings and theology nights. Many of CCM’s events happen outside now, whereas in the past, they were held inside Holland House. Members volunteer weekly with Elon’s local Catholic Church preparing food boxes,

JAKOB REUTER | STAFF PHOTOGRAPHER

Elon community members enjoying worship at Elon Community Church on Nov. 15, 2020 led by senior pastor Rev. Randy Orwig and associate pastor Rev. Sharon Wheele. As only 20 people are allowed to be in the church at once, the Elon Community Church live streams its services.

JAKOB REUTER | STAFF PHOTOGRAPHER

Community members singing along at Elon Community Church on Nov. 15 in a service led by senior pastor the Rev. Randy Orwig and associate pastor the Rev. Sharon Wheele. To allow the children of the community to be able to engage in church activities, the Elon Community Church created a private Facebook group.

COVID-19 HAS REALLY AFFECTED SO MUCH OF WHAT WE DO. ONE OF THE BIGGEST DETRIMENTS OF THIS PANDEMIC HAS BEEN THE WAY IN WHICH IT HAS ADDED A LOT OF SPACE BETWEEN PEOPLE. PETER TREMBLAY CHAPLAIN FOR ELON’S CATHOLIC CAMPUS MINISTRY

organizing the donations and serving that food to the community on a tri-weekly basis. Tremblay said the pandemic has had a profound impact on his ministry. “COVID-19 has really affected so much of what we do. One of the biggest detriments of this pandemic has been the way in which it has added a lot of space between people,” he said. “That really has struck at the very heart of helping people to develop their faith, which they really need at this moment in their lives.” Tremblay said he is grateful for the university’s approach to the pandemic. “I always try to be a bit of an optimist,” he said. “I’ve heard almost unanimously, from students and families, the same sentiment that they have very high regard and deep appreciation for how things have gone and how the university has decided to proceed in the midst of a pandemic to keep everyone safe, while not completely just shutting down until everything was over.” Junior Maquie Weiss began her journey with the Jewish student organization Hillel, one of Elon’s largest student groups, as a freshman. She serves as President alongside

co-President senior Gabe Scherzer. “We really have tried to keep the Jewish community alive, during this crazy time,” Weiss said. “It’s been a very hard semester, but it’s also been a great learning experience trying to keep everybody engaged and involved.” Every Friday, students can come grab a bag with grape juice, challah bread and candles and then log on to Zoom for Shabbat services. Normally, many Hillel events center around food, but this semester has required a shift away from any in-person cooking. They have hosted online mocktail and cooking events, featuring dishes like chicken shawarma and spaghetti and meatballs. “It’s really been a great opportunity for students who don’t know how to cook. That’s been really great as a volunteer event, but also a teaching moment for lots of students,” Weiss said. This semester, in the spirit of “tikkun olam,” Hillel has hosted a few small events, like making blankets for a hospital. “Anything that Hillel can provide is helping to repair not necessarily the world, but our Elon community…to try to increase hope, happiness, and togetherness,” Weiss said. Randy Orwig is Senior Pastor at Elon Community Churchand has served as pastor since April of 2011. “Coronavirus has catapulted us into the future. We know that the future was digital. So in other words, we have to do digital, we don’t have any choice,” Orwig said. ECC livestreams its services, as only 20 people are permitted to attend in person. Normally, the church’s Community Life Center is booked with Greek life events, wedding receptions, quinceaneras and other gatherings. “COVID-19 has had a huge impact on our church life,” Orwig said. “But we have been trying our best to adapt to a long term understanding of this, as opposed to what we originally thought it was just going to be a few months.” ECC also created a private Facebook group for the children of the community to be able to engage in church activities. Volunteers deliver Sunday school updates and materials in bags to families’ porches. Children can participate in Zoom Sunday school meetings and projects. Orwig said there are many things that ECC would not have been able to consider doing if the church was in the usual format that it was. Previously, traffic and lack of parking prevented ECC from hosting blood drives, but now, they have been able to host four drives thus far. ECC also joined a network of church kitchens around Alamance County that have cooked thousands of meals for local residents struggling due to shutdowns and job losses. Orwig said that ECC will still be taping services live and posting them online even when things get back to normal. “We have people watching from other states, we have family members, we have former members, we have people who couldn’t come to church because of illness participating in church right now,” Orwig said, “We want to make sure that everybody knows that we’re an open, affirming, and welcome church.” Elon’s Baptist community has also remained active during the COVID-19 pandemic. David Durham is Senior Pastor at First Baptist Church in Elon, having served with the Church for 20 years. “We have really tried to be flexible as a congregation, in the midst of this,” he said “We have primarily focused our ministry on worship and online or virtual Bible study. Instead of having one worship service, as we traditionally have done at 11 a.m. on Sundays, we began in June of this year having outside worship services, giving our congregants the opportunity to come together in a safer environment than it would be inside.” First Baptist Church also hosts physicallydistanced worship services in their sanctuary, with masks required and a smaller group of people allowed inside. “I meet with the Elon ministers’ group on a monthly basis,” Durham said. “Firstly just to discuss those ministries, and not only assist our congregation, but to assist the community that is going through this. The impacts of COVID-19 have really increased our interfaith dialogue, more so than in the past.”


REligion

Wednesday November 18, 2020

7

SINGING THE HYMNALS OF HISTORY Navigating a racist religious legacy and forging new paths

James O'Kelly founds what will be known as the Christian Church. A road and monument on campus are later named for him.

Emery Eisner

Elon News Network | @eisneremery

When Elon’s founders established the college in 1889, they could not have imagined today’s campus, with 57 religions represented by the student body and a growing multifaith center supporting Catholic, Jewish, and Muslim faiths, among others. In fact, many of Elon’s founders likely would have been gravely disappointed, according to findings in a report by the Committee on Elon History and Memory. Although white supremacy was not always explicitly referenced in historical documents related to the founding of Elon, Chair of the committee Charles Irons said the absence of statements in support of white supremacy in relation to Elon’s founding speaks volumes. “I think it was important just to realize that by the time the men who founded Elon did so that white supremacy was one of those values that was so assumed and so embedded that they didn’t need to say that this was an institution for whites,” Irons said. As outlined in the recent report by the committee, by the time Elon was established under the Southern Christian Convention, the denomination was almost completely white. In the decades following Elon’s founding, the school remained a strict adherent to the denomination, only updating its official affiliation when the Southern Christian Convention became part of the United Church of Christ in 1957, according to a timeline created by Elon Archivist Randall Bowman. The beginning of Elon’s religious revolution would likely have been during World War II, when the first Jewish and Catholic services were held on campus. Soldiers training to be in the Air Force occupied part of campus and were not subject to Elon’s religious affiliation. In 1944, two-thirds of the Board of Trustees were required to be members of the U.C.C. This number decreased again in 1974, in 1979 and in 2001 after the election of President Emeritus Leo Lambert. Lambert’s tenure brought the most sweeping change to Elon’s religious affiliation, with the last of the university’s official ties to the U.C.C. being eliminated in 2012, long after the iconic Fighting Christian mascot was rebranded into the current Phoenix. Lambert said that although Elon is no longer officially tied with the U.C.C., the university has not become less religious. Rather, he said, Elon is now more open to a greater diversity of religious identities. “If you come to Elon a Roman Catholic, I hope you’ll leave a better Roman Catholic. If you come a Jew, I hope you’ll leave a better Jew. If you come a Muslim, I hope you’ll you’ll leave here having had the opportunity to practice your faith openly and with support from the institution, and that goes for any faith that you can name,” Lambert said. He added that Elon’s religious growth was also supposed to help students understand backgrounds different from their own. “We weren’t talking about putting them all into a blender and pressing the puree button and mixing all of these things together and coming up with something, you know, meaningless,” Lambert said. “But we wanted these traditions to interact in

1794

A portrait circa 1875 picturing many of Elon’s founders.

PHOTOS COURTESY OF BELK LIBRARY ARCHIVES

PHOTOS COURTESY OF BELK LIBRARY ARCHIVES

1889

I THINK IT WAS IMPORTANT JUST TO REALIZE THAT BY THE TIME THE MEN WHO FOUNDED ELON DID SO THAT WHITE SUPREMACY WAS ONE OF THOSE VALUES THAT WAS SO ASSUMED AND SO EMBEDDED THAT THEY DIDN’T NEED TO SAY THAT THIS WAS AN INSTITUTION FOR WHITEY

Elon College is chartered under the Southern Christian Convention, later called the United Church of Christ after several branches of Christianity merge.

PHOTOS COURTESY OF BELK LIBRARY ARCHIVES

CHARLES IRONS CHAIR OF THE COMMITTEE ON ELON HISTORY AND MEMORY

The O’Kelly monument with William Allen Harper (left) and Emmett Leonidas Moffitt (right). Circa 1930, when the centerpiece was still an urn

During Word War II, men training for the Air Force participated in the first Catholic and Jewish religious services held on campus.

1974

President Emeritus Leo Lambert takes office, later further reducing the number of trustees affiliated with the church. The trustees vote to change the Fightin’ Christians mascot

2012

Timeline of Elon University’s religious ties.

important ways.” Since she was hired in 2013, university Chaplain Jan Fuller has made an effort to do just that, since she said greater religious diversity can have big impacts. “It doesn’t threaten our own religious perspectives. We do have really different religious perspectives and really different religious understandings,” Fuller said. “But we’re not negating those differences. We’re saying that those differences make us better together and they make our community better and they make us better citizens in the world.”

1944 Inside of the Elon Community Church circa 1960.

PHOTOS COURTESY OF BELK LIBRARY ARCHIVES

The number of Elon Trustees required to be members of the U.C.C. is reduced to two-thirds.

1999

FILE PHOTO OF ELON NEWS NETWORK

The last of Elon's official ties with the U.C.C. are eliminated. TED THOMAS | DESIGNER

Fuller added that in addition to continuing to increase religious diversity on campus, the university must reckon with the findings of the history and memory report. “In a religious perspective, you confess your sinfulness and aim to turn from that and do something different. We can’t know what that difference is until we really carefully examine what it is that we’ve done wrong,” Fuller said. “I don’t expect we’ll ever get it perfect, but I do think that the first step is to tell the truth, to ask forgiveness, to change, to really investigate our structures.” Lambert agreed, and said it is important to acknowledge the role academia and Christian churches have played in white supremacy. “I don’t think we’re ever going to heal completely as a country or arrive at understandings about why life is the way it is in 2020 without really understanding our past first,” Lambert said. Both Lambert and Fuller clarified that although Elon is no longer officially affiliated with the U.C.C., the university still upholds some of the organization’s modern values. The Elon Community Church is a U.C.C. congregation which began operation on campus in 1891, later moving into the chapel off campus in 1959. The church’s lead pastor Rev. Randy Orwig said the church is currently an “open and affirming” one, but that it is important to address the racism involved in Elon’s founding and what was then the Southern Christian Convention. “It is a legacy that we have to come to grips with, it’s a legacy that we have to remember and name,” Orwig said. “We can’t change it. But what we can do is in the process of moving forward ... we have to find a way to leave that behind and not name that our heritage anymore.”


8

Religion

Wednesday November 18, 2020

CONFRONTING RELIGIOUS TRAUMA Churches and religious entities provide support for many, but can harm individuals as well Kyra O’Connor

Enterprise Story Coordinator | @ko_reports

For some, religion serves as a community, a place of support. It can serve as a common identity shared among family members or a set of beliefs one has held since childhood that governs their lives. For others, religion is a source of pain and shame, a place they feel shunned and unwelcome or even unsafe. Unlike other forms of trauma, such as post-traumatic stress disorder, there is little research on the impact of religious trauma syndrome, a condition that researchers, therapists and religious institutions themselves are beginning to confront. The term “religious trauma syndrome,” first coined by psychologist and author Marlene Winell in 2011, can take many forms, ranging from feeling unwelcome in a religious environment to feeling unsafe because of religious doctrine. Winell is the founder of Journey Free, an organization that helps people who have experienced religious trauma transition out of the religion, recover and rebuild. In an article for the British Association for Behavioral & Cognitive Psychotherapies, Winell wrote that religious trauma syndrome is a condition experienced by people who are struggling to leave an “authoritarian, dogmatic religion” and people and who are struggling to cope with the impacts of indoctrination or the rites and rituals associated with becoming part of a religion. People with religious trauma often have dealt with feelings of shame, Father Peter Tremblay of Elon’s Catholic Campus Ministry said. Tremblay said in the Catholic tradition, “Catholic guilt” is often talked about. However, he thinks what is actually being talked about is shame. “Guilt is the sense that, ‘I did something bad’,” Tremblay said. “Shame is the sense that ‘I am bad. There’s something degenerate, broken, perverse, unholy, dirty, filthy or irredeemable about me.’” When Elon Community Church became an open and affirming covenant in 2013, a space was created for people who felt unwelcome in religious environments. People began seeking out ECC for the community created by the declaration that the church would not just be tolerant, but accepting, of differences. “Affirming is more than tolerance. Affirming means that we will not only accept other people, but we will celebrate with them, who they are,” said the Rev. Randy Orwig, senior pastor at Elon Community Church. “We celebrate our diversity, we celebrate our openness and we celebrate the inclusivity.” Whether through the brightly painted doors symbolizing acceptance of various religions and the LGBTQIA communities, the sign indicating their inclusive values on the front lawn or through their website, those who see the opening and affirming message of ECC are often those who have been hurt by their religion or have felt excluded in some way from religious environments, Orwig said. “There’s still a lot of cynicism amongst people who have been hurt religiously,” Orwig said. “It’s like they’re almost asking permission, ‘Can we come to church?’” Emily Hedrick, a certified trauma support specialist and program director at California-based Journey Free, experienced religious trauma herself. After going through her first deconstruction phase in college, Hedrick decided to become an atheist, a choice she made to feel safe. Despite becoming an atheist, Hedrick ended up going to divinity school and becoming a pastor, hoping she could do more to help people in situations similar to hers from a position of power. Hedrick left

Elon Community Church is making efforts as an open and affirming covenant to help heal people who have experienced religious trauma.

THERE’S STILL A LOT OF CYNICISM AMONGST PEOPLE WHO HAVE BEEN HURT RELIGIOUSLY. IT’S LIKE THEY’RE ALMOST ASKING PERMISSION, ‘CAN WE COME TO CHURCH? THE REV. RANDY ORWIG SENIOR PASTOR AT ELON COMMUNITY CHURCH

pastoral work in January 2020 because she “was hoping [to have] a little bit more power in the system,” as a pastor, but realized that to accomplish her goals, it was not as easy as being in a position of power. Hedrick said religious trauma can be similar to complex post-traumatic stress disorder and has an effect on the mind as well as the body, like other types of trauma. While trauma can be experienced within the religious environment, leaving the religion can be just as traumatic, Hedrick said. A religious community can often function as a person’s support system or be intertwined with family life. “They provide social support. They provide a way of understanding the world. They provide a sense of meaning and purpose. They provide a common vocabulary and way of communicating with people,” Hedrick said. “Not only does the shame and anxiety of something bad is going to happen to you, if you leave the faith, then you’re going to hell — that’s scary enough. But then also getting out and realizing, ‘Oh goodness, I don’t have support systems outside of the religion I was part of, what do I do?’” Leaving one religious community and going to another rather than leaving religion altogether can also be difficult for families or individuals, Orwig said. “There’s a lot of folks that will just stay away from church or will reject church because they don’t want to try to go out and find a new church and see what that would be like,” Orwig said. “And again, with the fear that they could be rejected again.” While religious trauma can be related to feeling unwelcome or unsafe due to one’s sexuality, it can also include any experience one has where they do not feel safe or welcome in a religious environment, or be experienced within issues of abortion, marriage and abuse, as well. Organizations such as Journey Free provide support groups and one-on-one consultations, but Hedrick said that as of now, religious trauma syndrome is a small field with little to no research. Because religion often has a positive correlation to an individual’s mental health, there is academic research on how religion can help heal trauma, rather than be the cause,

ILLUSTRATIONS BY CAROLINE BUNDER

as psychologist Alyson Stone writes in her research Thou Shalt Not: Treating Religious Trauma and Spiritual Harm With Combined Therapy. Elon University sophomore Hayley Loftus researched religious trauma as part of her job as Social Media Coordinator for Spirit and Pride, a collaborative campus initiative between the Gender and LGBTQIA Center and the Truitt Center to support the spiritual lives of members of the Elon LGBTQIA communities. Loftus put together an Instagram post to explain what religious trauma is, focusing on how religious trauma can impact the LGBTQIA communities and resources for those who may be experiencing religious trauma. Loftus said when she was researching religious trauma, one thing that surprised her was reading about people who chose to stay in their religion or continue to practice religion. “There are people who really do come back to that religion, and maybe they just go to a different church or they surround themselves with people of the same faith, just with a little bit of a different perspective on it,” Loftus said. “They practice that religion in a way that’s healthy for them and therapeutic … that can be part of the healing process. It doesn’t have to be, and by no means is that the solution for everyone, but it is something that [can be] involved in that healing process.” Therapists who specialize in religious trauma and support groups can help a person heal as well, Loftus said, and there is no set amount of time to recover from religious trauma. While there are many options to help someone heal from religious trauma, Loftus said healing often starts with the person validating their identity. “If you’re gay, and you’re Catholic, and you grew up with people saying all gay people go to hell, and you’ve been told that since you’re five years old, it starts with validating yourself as a human being,” Loftus said. “It’s a lot easier said than done. That process really looks like validating yourself and understanding that you are worthy of having respect as a human being and all of your identity, and you shouldn’t have to hide any of that.”


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THE PENDULUM

Wednesday, November 18, 2020 Volume 50, Edition 14 Elon, North Carolina

REMEMBERING

JOHNSON George R. Johnson Jr., a member of Elon Law’s founding faculty, died on Nov. 15 Jacob Kisamore | Elon News Network | @jacob_kisamore

N

O MATTER HOW HARD he tried, David Morrow, a 2010 graduate of Elon Law, could never fool George Johnson when it came to law. On many occasions before class, Morrow read off the beginning of a passage from the U.S. Constitution to see if he could stump him. Johnson always stopped him short and finished reciting the passage with immaculate precision. “He was a brilliant man. He handled his students with such grace while always demonstrating his mastery of the law,” Morrow said. Dean Emeritus and professor of law George R. Johnson Jr. died on Nov.15 following a prolonged illness. Johnson joined Elon Law as a member of the founding faculty and served as the law school’s first associate dean of academic affairs. He then served as an interim dean from August 2008 through February 2009. As the dean, a role he held until May 2014, Johnson guided Elon Law to full accreditation from the American Bar Association, which helped to raise the school’s national stature.

See JOHNSON | pg. 5

PHOTO COURTESY OF ERIC TOWNSEND

George R. Johnson Jr. passed on Sunday, Nov. 15. Johnson was a member of Elon Law’s founding faculty.

Physical distance regulations change senior experiences Elon seniors previous expectations for their last year as undergraduate changed under social distancing regulations

Zoom fatigue experiment will be done on students The experiment is on the newly coined term, “Zoom Fatigue”

Anna Terry

Caitlin Rundle

Elon News Network | @atterry63

Sports Director | @caitlinr_21

Football games — with the excitement from the crowds and the suspense of the competition — are Elon University senior Morgan Rafferty’s favorite on-campus event and something she looks forward to every year. But this year, football games were canceled, and Rafferty will graduate with the last fall football game she attended having happened her sophomore year. Similar to Rafferty’s unmet expectations for the football season, many different aspects of her final year at Elon look different than she imagined prior to the start of the COVID-19 pandemic. Rather than attending tailgates, formals, the Elon Ball and other group gatherings, Rafferty and other seniors this year must spend their final year at Elon following of mask ordinances and physical distancing regulations. Not having the option to attend campus-wide events with friends and family has been one of the hardest changes Rafferty has come to terms with. “It’s those typical college experiences, like going to football games, Homecoming, parents weekend,” Raffery said. “It’s kind of hard that you’re not going to be able to get that last chance

PHOTO COURTESY OF MORGAN RAFFERTY

Senior Morgan Rafferty and the Elon women’s club volleyball team at a tournament in 2019.

to do it.” As a member of the Elon women’s club volleyball team, Rafferty said not being able to participate in volleyball tournaments this year has been another difficult change for her as an athlete that loves the adrenaline that comes from higher stake games.

See SENIORS | pg. 3

Elon University associate professor of exercise science Aaron Piepmeier hosts a senior seminar class every year where his students participate in online research with a connection to exercise science, usually with some psychological influences. This year, two of his students, seniors Emily Klevan and Alexandra Smith, are looking into not a physical activity, but a mental strain: “Zoom fatigue.”. In the class, two students form a group. Piepmeier said that partners find each other after doing small initial literature reviews and identifying who has a similar interest. Klevan, who served as an orientation leader this summer, said she first heard the term “Zoom fatigue” after lots of her training was done online this year due to the COVID-19 pandemic. “A lot of it

was watching pre-recorded or live video sessions on a big projector, and we were all getting so tired just from

THEY STARTED USING THIS TERM ‘ZOOM FATIGUE.’ AND I DON’T THINK I’D EVER HEARD OF IT. BUT WHEN I HEARD IT, I WAS LIKE, ‘THIS IS SO RELATABLE.’ EMILY KLEVAN SENIOR

doing it,” Klevan said. “They started using this term ‘Zoom fatigue.’ And I don’t think I’d ever heard of it. But when I heard it, I was like, ‘This is so relatable.’”

See ZOOM | pg. 4

NEWS • PAGE 5

LIFESTYLE • PAGE 6

SPORTS • PAGE 7

Continue to read about the

A review on Taaza

A preview of the women’s

life of George R. Johnson Jr.

Bistro’s Indian cuisine

basketball season


2

extras

Wednesday November 18, 2020

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GoodNews, News, Everyone! Good Everyone! THOMAS DENOME

There are no corrections from last week issue of the Pendulum.

By Thomas Denome

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Good News, Everyone!

11 15 32 1 3 15 11 1211 15 18 11 12 11 11 18 15 1 2 18 3 18 15 15 15 1815 18 15 15 THOMAS DENOME 18 11 18 12 18 21 18 1 2 3 21 25 26 18 18 18 25 26 27 15 25 2621 21 22 11 12 2526 26 27 27 25 2621 25 32 21 25 32 26 32 27 26 18 25 25 26 27 2825 15 32 33 32 25 2625 2726 37 28 2527 26 11

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drinking binge patch, say 9 ___ (rare) 8 patch, A with an eye 10 Wie 8 A pirate with an eyean 7 Health company Health food company 8million A pirate with 8 A pirate with7anfood eye 7 Health food company 10 Wild drinking binge 11 Chemical banned by 10 Wild drinking binge 9 ___ million (rare) 20 patch, 9 ___ million (rare) patch, say patch, say 8knowledgeable A pirate an eye patch, say 8 Awith pirate with an eye say 6 A and 11 8 A pirate with an eye 17 EPA inbanned 1972 11 drinking Chemical banned bybingebyCh 11 Chemical 10 binge 10 the Wild drinking 9 Wild ___ million (rare) patch, say 9 ___ (rare) patch, say 9million ___ (rare) person patch, say million 9 ___enthusiastic million (rare) the the EPA in 1972 the EPA in 1972 12 White-plumed wader 11 Chemical banned by 11 Chemical banned bybing 10 Wild drinking binge 10 Wild drinking binge 9drinking ___food (rare) 9million ___ million (rare) 10 Wild (rare) drinking 7 Health company 10 Wild binge 9in 1972 ___ million 12 White-plumed wader 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flower 26 Friend or flower 25 Tiger Woods tour 25 Tiger Woods tour 25 Tig 24 star Bird 24 WBNA star Bird 4225 Tiger 43 11 25 Tiger Woods tour 41 42WBNA 43 Chemical banned by 47 14 Grooming tool for Woods tour 24 WBNA star Bird 36 crossword is themed 29 What the show this 29 What the show 27 Golden Bear sch. 27 flower Golden sch. 26 Friend or 26 Friend orBear flower 25the Tiger Woods tour 25 Tiger Woods tour 26 Friend orthis flower EPA in 1972 hair 26 Friend or flower 47 25 after Tiger Woods tour 4143coarse 42 43 26 Fri 4042 41 42 43 is, at times ... and crossword is themed crossword is themed 29 What the show this 29 What the show this 27 Golden Bear sch. 40 41 42 43 27 Golden sch. 26White-plumed Friend or flower 26 Friend or flower 27 Golden Bear sch. 12 wader 22 Dat ____, meme frog 27 Golden Bear sch. 26 Friend orBear 47 54 4342 where 1-across woos after is, at times ... and after is, atflower times ... and is themed 4143 42 43crossword crossword isthe themed 27 Go 29 What the show this 29 What the show this 27 Golden Bear sch. 27 Golden Bear sch. 29 What show th 14 Grooming tool for 24 WBNA star Bird 29 What the show this 27 Golden Bear sch. 54 his girlfriend 54 where 1-across where 1-across woos 47 after is, at times ... and after is,crossword atwoos times ...isand 47 crossword is themed crossword is themed 29coarse What the show this them 29 What the show this hair crossword is themed 29 Wh 25 Tiger Woods tour 29 What the show this his girlfriend his girlfriend 54 where 1-across woos where 1-across woos 59 33 Not transgender after is, at times ... and 47 after is,after at times and . crossword is themed at ... times crossword is themed after is,Dat at or times ... and 22 ____, meme frog crossword isis,themed 2647 Friend flower his girlfriend his girlfriend cro 59 33 Not transgender 35 type where woos 33 Not transgender 54 where 1-across woos 53 54 afterBear is, at times and where 1-across after is,1-across at...Tuna times where 1-across woos after is,... atand 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SCAN FOR

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"Yo Tra Good News, Everyone! pe 41 Wo str Good News, Everyone! 42 Ab do 43 Pre 45 Gu music admin have ateenagers goth aone 11 Chemical banned by admin 7 Gamer common elevator music insult common elevator Edgy teenagers might have goth one 69 Edgy teenagers might 14 Grooming tool for 56 fact, say 7 music Gamer insult out 57 counterparts 56 Like fact, say 53 aLike rocky road conforming to a an admin have a Agoth one 53a Adidas rocky road army 32 Dip made ofthis a Cali 1 "French" delicacy common elevator 7 Gamer insult 869 pirate with eye 69 Edgy might 50 New World army ant 50 New 49 Persian last name 49Like Persian name 50aWorld New World weapon Morgan, e.g. puzzle, perhaps rapper Mos ____ separated by an Morgan, e.g. this puzzle, perhaps rapper Mos ____ Stereotypical 40 See 44-across 14 English EDM duo 50 New World army ant 71 Rose, Joe 39 Cry made when solving 13 on Both Sides" 49last Persian lastarmy nameant 71 Pete Rose, Joe 39 Cry made when solving 13 "Black on Both Sides" 70 Irish 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23 17 21 22 24Both 71 Pete Rose, Joe 39 Cry made when solving 13 "Black on 12 White-plumed 71 Pete Rose, 39 Cry made when solving 13 "Black on Both Sides" 70 Irish actor Crhis 37____ On-the-spot acting 11on Male duck 70 Irish actor Crhis Dat ____, meme frog 59 Get gotSome 37 On-the-spot acting 11 Male 71actor Pete Rose, Joe 39 Cry67 made when solving 13Sides" "Black on Both Sides" 62 diploma 59 Get got 57 counterparts George HW Bushduck ____ the line (people ACROSS 31 Of corn, say 57 Adidas counterparts 34 The Girl From ____, 68 Edge (out) 71 Pete Rose, Joe 39 Cry made when solving 13 "Black Both Sides" 9 ___ million (rare) 7022 Irish Crhis 3740-across, On-the-spot acting 11 Male duck 56 Like aaroad fact, say 46 "Um 56 Like a fact, say 53 Like aAdidas rocky surprise 53 Like rocky road person 56 Like a fact, say possession of a rich 1-across meets 9-down 48 Two words maybe 44 With where 15 Be in action possession of a rich 16 Here, in Paris 56 Like a fact, say 44 With 40-across, where 72 Stereotypical 15 Be in action 40 See 44-across 14 English EDM duo 53 Like a rocky road 72 Stereotypical 40 See 44-across 14 English EDM duo Morgan, e.g. this puzzle, perhaps rapper Mos ____ Morgan, e.g. this puzzle, perhaps rapper Mos 14 Grooming tool for 71 Pete Rose, Joe 39____ Cry made when Morgan, e.g. 13"French" "Black on Both13 Sides" this puzzle, perhaps rapper Mos ____ substitutes 71 Pete Rose, Joe 62got Some diploma 39 Cry made when solving 13 "Black on Both Sides" WBNA star Bird conforming to a 7124 62 Some 59 common elevator 32 Dip made out of asolving Cali 1admin delicacy 67Rose, ____ the line (people 31 Of corn, say this puzzle, perhaps ACROSS rapper Mos ____ Morgan, e.g. 59 Get gotdiploma 69 Edgy teenagers might 10 Wild drinking binge 32 33 34"Black 35 36 Pete Joe 39 Cry made when solving on Both Sides" 57 Adidas counterparts 57 Adidas counterparts 56 Like aGet fact, person 56 Like a fact, say 57 counterpa separated bysay an 1-across meets 9-down person 16in Here, in Paris 1-across meets 9-down of 57 a rich 73 Southern supermarket 47 of 31-across 17 Swedish physicist 49 Persian last name possession of a tour rich Adidas counterparts 16 Here, in Paris 44 With where Be action 56 Indigenous Like a Adidas fact, say 44 Part With 40-across, where 15 Be____ in action 48 Tw 72possession Stereotypical 40 See 44-across 14duo English EDM duo coarse hair 1915 20 25 18 26 27 28 14 English 29Civil 30 31 Morgan, e.g. this puzzle, perhaps rapper Mos 72 Stereotypical 40 See 44-across 14 English EDM duo Morgan, e.g. substitutes this 40-across, puzzle, perhaps rapper Mos standard) 25 Tiger Woods substitutes 72 Stereotypical music 40 See 44-across 14 English EDM duo 64 American fruit 62 Some diploma have a goth one rights law____ of the 62 Some diploma Morgan, e.g. 7 4Gamer insult this puzzle, perhaps rapper Mos ____ 40 See 44-across EDM 72 Stereotypical 11 Chemical by 59 Get got Get gotGet 57ellipses Adidas counterparts conforming a59 ato quote of 57in Adidas counterparts 59 got 32Part Dip made out of9-down Cali 1 George "French" delicacy chain 73banned Southern supermarket person 47 ofSuffix 31-across 17 Swedish physicist 1-across meets 9-down 48 for "make oraperson 18 Era inaction England 50 New World army ant 59 Get got 1-across meets 73 26 Southern supermarket 47 Part of 31-across 17 Swedish physicist 16 inaction Paris 57 Adidas counterparts 16 Here, in Paris possession ofFriend a ____-Dixie rich 44 With 40-across, where 15 Be in possession of a rich 22 Dat ____, meme frog 44 With 40-across, where 15 Be in 72 Stereotypical SeeGirl 44-across possession ofsubstitutes a rich English EDM duo dish often served outsep of 72 Stereotypical 64 Indigenous American 40 See 44-across 14Here, English EDM duo or flower 44 With 40-across, where 15 Be in40 action HW Bush substitutes 64 Indigenous American 68 Edge (out) 34 The From ____, possession of a43 rich the EPA in 1972 11 Male duck 70 Irish actor Crhis 37 On-the-spot acting 44 With 40-across, where in14 action 72 ____-Dixie Stereotypical 40 See"make 44-across 14 English EDM duo 62 Some diploma surprise 62 Some diploma 37 15 Be 38Era18 39 40 41 42 59 Get got 59 Get got 62 Some diploma chain become" featuring the last two 48 Suffix for or 18 in England chain ____-Dixie 74 See 63-across 53 Like a rocky road 62 Some diploma 48 Suffix for "make or 73 Southern supermarket Era in England 47 Part of 31-across 17 Swedish physicist person Get got 73 Southern supermarket 47meets Part of9-down 31-across 17Paris Swedish physicist 1-across standard) 16 Here, in16 person fruit 1-across meets 9-down 24 WBNA star Bird possession ofwader amight rich 415inadmin Civil rights ofaction the person a truck Here, in Paris possession of a rich dish59 served out of outelli 44common With 40-across, Be in action 1-across meets 9-down 44 With 40-across, where 15Both Be in action 27 Golden Bear dish often served of 23 2416 Here, inmade Paris elevator person 32 33 21 35 36 6462Indigenous American 69 teenagers 1-across meets 9-down 64often Indigenous American possession of a sch. rich 13 22 "Black on Sides" 71 Pete Rose, Joe 39 Cry when solving substitutes 1634Here, Paris 12 Edgy White-plumed 44where With 40-across, where 15law Be in substitutes 62 Some diploma substitutes Some diploma Henrys become" featuring the last two 49 Persian last name 74 See 63-across substitutes become" chain ____-Dixie featuring the last two 75 Anonymous plaintiff's 51 "Wow!" 56 Like a fact, say chain ____-Dixie 74 See 63-across 48 for47 "make or9-down 18 in England 62served Some diploma 48 Suffix for "make or73 18Paris Era17 in England Southern supermarket 47Suffix Part of 31-across 17 physicist person person 25 Tiger Woods tour a truck 1-across meets 9-down 7329 Southern supermarket Part 31-across Swedish physicist 1-across meets a truck 16Gamer Here, inSwedish Paris 16Era Here, in17 What the show this dish often out of 73 Southern supermarket 47of Part ofhave 31-across ae.g. goth onefor Swedish physicist 65 American tennis great dish often served out of person Mos ____ Morgan, this puzzle, perhaps 7rapper insult 1-across meets 9-down 47 Part ofmusic 31-across 17 Swedish physicist 73 Southern supermarket 14 Grooming tool 16 Here, in Paris 64 Indigenous American George HW Bush 68 Edge (out) 34 The Girl From ____, substitutes 64 Indigenous American substitutes Henrys 64 Indigenous Ameri Henrys last name 50 New World army ant 75 Anonymous plaintiff's 51 "Wow!" 44 45 46 47 become" featuring theAcronym lastintwo 52 Circular object often substitutes 19 following 57 Adidas counterparts 6463-across Indigenous American become" featuring the last two 75 Anonymous plaintiff's 51 "Wow!" 7473 See 63-across sur 74 supermarket See chain ____-Dixie 48 Suffix "make or 18 in England chain ____-Dixie 26 Friend flower 48 Suffix for "make or Era England crossword is themed adish truck 73____-Dixie Southern supermarket 47 Part of31 31-across chain ____-Dixie 17 Swedish physicist Southern 65 American tennis great 47 Part offor 31-across a truck 17 Era Swedish physicist 48ofchain Suffix for "make or 18 Eraphysicist infor England 66 65 Allow American tennis great 70 Irish actor Crhis 37 On-the-spot acting duck coarse hair 14 11 English duo 72 Stereotypical 40 See 44-across often served out of 48 Suffix "make or 18 Era in England 73 Southern supermarket 26 27 29 EDM 3018 47 Part 31-across 17 Swedish 37 25 38 28 39Male 40 41 42 43 dish often served out of 64 Indigenous American dish often served 64 Indigenous American last name Henrys used by fortune tellers super or preceding 12 admin 53 Like a rocky road 52"make Circular object often dish often served out of 19 Acronym following Henrys name 59is, Get gotteenagers common elevator 52 Circular object often 75 plaintiff's 51 "Wow!" 19the Acronym following 64 might Indigenous American 75 last Anonymous plaintiff's 51or "Wow!" 69 Edgy become" featuring last two 74Anonymous See 63-across become" featuring the last two 27 Golden Bear after at times ... and chain ____-Dixie 74 See 63-across chain ____-Dixie 48Cry Suffix for 18"Black England become" featuring the two 66 Allow 48last Suffix for "make or 18 Era in Sides" England 74 See 63-across 66 Allow 65often American great possession ofsch. aJoe rich 71 Pete Rose, adish truck 39 made when solving on Both featuring thein last two AN ANSWER KEY TO LAST WEEK’S 65tennis American tennis great 15 13 Be inEra action chain ____-Dixie 44 With 40-across, where 74 by See 63-across 22 Dat ____, meme frog 48 Suffix for "make or 18 or Erapreceding in become" England a truck dish served out of aout truck often served of 49 used fortune tellers a super 12 56 Like a woos fact, say used fortune tellers last name super or preceding 12 DOWN 54 (blank clue) dish often served outPe of 20 Freud book "The Ego 62truck Some diploma last name 52 Circular object often 19 Mos Acronym following Henrys 52 Circular object often 19 Acronym following 48 49 51 52 53by 54 75 Anonymous plaintiff's 51 "Wow!" 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26 Friend or flower substitutes


NEWS

Wednesday November 18, 2020

3

The seniors’ phyiscally distant semester

The a cappella group Twisted Measure performed at the Make-A-Wish concert on Feb. 15. At the time of this performance, senior Alex Xouris was not a part of Twisted Measures.

SENIORS | from cover The team has traditionally gone to national tournaments each year. But last spring the championship was cancelled. Rafferty does expect it to take place next semester. While trying to keep her social circle small, Rafferty said that she misses grabbing food with friends she runs into on campus. It is these small interactions with other Elon students that she said truly make Elon an inviting place. “I kinda miss that sense of community, just like running into people in the hallway and being like, ‘Oh! Let’s go grab coffee.’ Like the little things that I didn’t realize I was gonna miss,” Rafferty said. Between limiting her social circle and taking classes mainly online, Rafferty said that this semester has been tiring due to the lack of variety in her days. “Having no new experiences, seeing the same people all the time is exhausting,” Rafferty said. “I’m excited to go home, which I am usually never saying.” Although she wishes the circumstances of this semester were different and met some of her expectations from years prior, Rafferty said she has come to terms with the situation — something she accepted while staying at Elon during the summer. Living at Elon rather than her home town in Connecticut allowed Rafferty to ease into the new environment of

CLARE GRANT | PHOTO EDITOR

the fall semester. Senior Alex Xouris also spent his summer at Elon. As a New Student Orientation Coordinator, Xouris said that while taking account of the new precautions he and his team needed to implement for orientation, he gradually became accustomed to the guidelines for the semester. A member of Twisted Measure, Xouris said he is most upset about the cancellation of the fall a cappella concerts. He joined the

IT’S THOSE TYPICAL COLLEGE EXPERIENCES, LIKE GOING TO FOOTBALL GAMES, HOMECOMING, PARENTS WEEKEND. IT’S KIND OF HARD THAT YOU’RE NOT GOING TO BE ABLE TO GET THAT LAST CHANCE TO DO IT. MORGAN RAFFERTY SENIOR

PHOTO COURTESY OF ALPHA OMICRON PI

While Elon senior Cameron McCrary (bottom center) is sad she didn’t get to experience all that she wanted her senior year with her sorority, she is staying positive and making the most out of her last year on campus.

PHOTO COURTESY OF MORGAN RAFFERTY

Senior Morgan Rafferty (bottom right) with Elon club volleyball after competing in the National Collegiate Volleyball Federation Championships in Denver on April 19, 2019.

organization during winter term of his junior year and has yet to perform in front of a crowd with the group as the spring 2020 concert was also cancelled. With a few months leading up to the 2021 spring concert and lots of changes that need to take place in the U.S. to better the pandemic, Xouris said he does not think he will have the opportunity to perform live with the a cappella group before he graduates. “I am doubtful that we will have a spring concert which means I will have never actually sung at a concert before which is definitely a bummer,” said Xouris. Throughout his experiences this year thus far, Xouris said he tries to look on the bright side rather than focus on the negatives of his senior year in a pandemic. “I’ve just been able to reframe it,” he said. “Of course I can be disappointed and focus on everything that we’ve lost, but I can also just be grateful for, like, the fact that I am still at Elon.” This positive outlook is something that senior Cameron McCrary also utilizes when thinking about her remaining time at Elon. McCrary said with her limited time on campus, the best thing she can do is make the most of it. “Some days it’s very hard, and I’m kind of sad that I have so much that I didn’t get to experience as a senior,” she said. “But I think also, part of me that is like, there’s no point in being sad about it because it is the situation, and I just need to be positive and find a way to make it the best that I can.” Unable to attend the social events within

her sorority she enjoys like formals and Greek Week, Mcrary said she has changed the way she spends her time. “I’ve kind of adjusted to making different choices and like spending my time in different ways,” she said. When thinking about the future, aside from hoping they will get the opportunity to walk across the graduation stage, McCrary and Xouris said that they hope to see changes within the country. McCrary hopes that the country will be able to keep the pandemic under control in the coming months. And with the inauguration of the 46th president in January, Xouris said he hopes to see changes in the U.S. beyond the pandemic. “I think with the switch of the administration we’ll definitely — hopefully — see some changes and improvements in the pandemic and in the country,” said Xouris. While McCrary continues on with her senior year, she said not only does she feel bad for her senior class but also for the underclassmen who have yet to experience a normal year of college. The circumstances of this semester are something that McCrary herself has yet to fully comprehend as she is not likely to see the university fully back to normal prior to finishing up her four-year degree. “I don’t think I’ll ever be able to see it normal again,” McCrary said. “Not that necessarily any other grade will, but I think it’s difficult for me to wrap my head around that this is kind of the last part of it.”


4

NEWS

Wednesday November 18, 2020

BATTLING ZOOM FATIGUE

ILLUSTRATION BY CAROLINE BUNDER

The idea of Zoom fatigue is hypothesized by psychologists who say that Zoom calls and video conferences may lead to experiences of anxiety, worrying and fatigue.

ZOOM | from cover

I’m trying to process right now.”

Piepmeier said he loved the idea when the two pitched it to them, saying that he saw aspects of Zoom fatigue in his 7-year-old daughter who’s switched to fully remote learning as well. “When they were starting to figure out how to do her classes, she was on Zoom for hours, and she would just be in a bad mood, which is very unusual for her,” Piepmeier said. “We realized … there’s this correlation between how much you’re on the computer and just how happy you are day-to-day.”

Smith and Klevan have not done their trial yet, and in order to not give the study away for potential participants, couldn’t say what all aspects of the experiment will be. However, they said the group will then be split in two: a control group and an intervention group. The intervention group will be able to leave the Zoom call and participate in a ten-minute Zumba class from a YouTube video. The control group will still be allowed to leave the call, but will just watch the Zumba video and not do

What is “Zoom Fatigue”

Smith said that because the idea of “Zoom fatigue” is so new, studies haven’t been able to pinpoint exactly what it is or what may cause it. She said that for their initial research, they looked at articles written by the New York Times and the Washington Post where psychologists hypothesized that “prolonged engagement with Zoom calls and video conferencing in general may lead to people experiencing anxiety, worry and fatigue,” as Smith said. Smith said this definition is what has been driving the study and what they are using to base their experiment off of. She said that this anxiety, worry and fatigue can be increased by the sensory overload that comes with Zoom calls. “They think that because you’re looking … at a bunch of different faces, sometimes of different sizes, and that you’re making eye contact essentially with potentially all 25 people in your class, which is fatiguing also,” Smith said. “You can see some nonverbal cues. Like you can still kind of use your hands a little bit, but the rest of the nonverbal cues are kind of lost. Piepmeier said another aspect of anxiety could be how invasive Zoom calls can generally be. He said the idea of everyone being able to “look into your house can be a really uncomfortable feeling.” Also, when on Zoom call, if the camera is on, you can see yourself talking, interacting and looking at what is going on in class, something he said is obviously not normal. “In no real world face-to-face conversation will I hold up a mirror to myself while I’m talking to you,” Piepmeier said. “So I’m processing all this different information. So I have some emotional anxiety, I have some cognitive load issues because of everything that

How the experiment will be done

WHAT’S LEADING TO THIS ZOOM FATIGUE ISN’T LIKE 10 MINUTES ON ZOOM. IT’S THESE LONG CLASSES. WE HAVE AN HOUR, AN HOUR, 30 MINUTE CLASSES. ALEXANDRA SMITH SENIOR

the exercise. “We incorporated all of the bad things about Zoom in the Zoom call,” Smith said. “Our first goal is to look at after this Zoom, are these people experiencing fatigue, anxiety, worry? And then our second goal is looking at how can we mitigate those symptoms.” Both groups will receive four selfreported questionnaires throughout the call. The questionnaires will be used to measure the levels of stress, fatigue and worry they are feeling at that point of the Zoom call. At the end of the call, both groups will also receive a cognitive assessment to measure their work quality. “At the end, regardless of what happened, you’re going to say, ‘Okay,’ and then just how good are you performing cognitively? How sharp are you right now, regardless of how you feel?” Piepmeier said.

Why zumba?

Although there are few studies out right now identifying the causes and effects of Zoom fatigue, Smith said the one thing they think they can rely on to combat it is breaks and exercise. “What’s leading to this Zoom fatigue isn’t like 10 minutes on Zoom. It’s these long classes. We have an hour, an hour, 30 minute classes,” Smith said. “They’re hypothesizing that breaks just between two consecutive Zoom calls will help you combat Zoom fatigue.” Piepmeier echoed Smith, saying that although they don’t know if exercise will definitely work, it’s a “really good guess.” “We know if it doesn’t help, it’s gonna help you in some other way because that’s just kind of what exercise does,” Piepmeier said. He said that exercise doesn’t have to be intense, but could simply be a “moderately intense walk.” Piepmeier described moderate intensity as walking fast enough that your heart rate is going fast enough that you could still hold a conversation, but you “probably couldn’t sing a song.” Although Smith and Klevan don’t expect to find out long-term impacts of Zoom fatigue through this experiment, they hope they can provide a foundation for future research into the topic. Smith and Klevan are hosting their experiment on Saturday and are still looking for participants. If you are interested in this experiment, scan the QR code on this page.

THE ZOOM FATIGUE E X P E R I M E N T TOTAL PARTICIPANTS

CONTROL GROUP

INTERVENTION GROUP

WATCH ZUMBA VIDEO WITHOUT PARTICIPATION

WATCH/ PARTICIPATE IN ZUMBA VIDEO

RESULTS/ CONCLUSION

SCAN TO PARTICIPATE IN THE EXPERIMENT ON NOV.21 OR VISIT ELON.CO1.QUALTRICS.COM/JFE/ FORM/SV_6EEVWQ8JRPR7UTP

1. Open your phone camera 2. Focus on the QR code 3. Click the pop-up link NYAH PHENGSITTHY | DESIGN CHIEF


Obituary

Wednesday November 18, 2020

5

DEAN EMERITUS, PROFESSOR GEORGE JOHNSON

DIES FOLLOWING PROLONGED ILLNESS

PHOTO COURTESY OF ERIC TOWNSEND

Johnson always enjoyed engaging with students both inside and outside the classroom.

JOHNSON | from cover Following the conclusion of his service as dean, Johnson returned to teaching, where he taught courses at Elon Law and mentored students. In 2020, the North Carolina Bar Association’s Minorities in the Profession Committee honored Johnson as a 2020 Legal Legend of Color. Johnson, a 1976 graduate of Columbia University Law, started his legal career as assistant counsel for the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs. In 1979, he became assistant general counsel for the White House Council on Wage and Price Stability for the Carter Administration. Johnson began teaching in 1981 at George Mason University, while also holding a faculty appointment at Howard University. He went on to serve as president of LeMoyne-Owen College in Tennessee from 1996 to 2002. Johnson also had many achievements as a scholar. He chronicled the legal status of African Americans from 1790 to 1883 for the African-American Almanac, edited a book on the legacy of George Mason and wrote several law review articles. President Emeritus Leo Lambert oversaw the creation of Elon Law during his 19-year tenure as Elon president and was impressed by Johnson’s leadership skills. “I think oftentimes listening is a very underrated characteristic of leadership,” Lambert said. “And it’s one of the most important, and it’s one of the characteristics of George that I think contributed enormously to his leadership success.” Johnson was well-respected and admired by both students and his peers and was an inspiration for many. “George Johnson was a remarkable human being. He was a man of very deep integrity and sheer kindness that everybody liked being around,” Lambert said. Johnson’s personality and demeanor were a perfect match for Elon Law’s tight knit community. “I think George was always seen as

someone who was accessible, fair, and approachable,” Lambert said. “The school only has 300 or so students, and the dean is a very important figure for them. I think the students always felt that he was on their side.” Elon professor of law Catherine Dunham, who served as Elon Law’s academic dean from 2008 to 2013, believed Johnson’s impact was felt greatest in the classroom.

I THINK OFTENTIMES LISTENING IS A VERY UNDERRATED CHARACTERISTIC OF LEADERSHIP. AND IT’S ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT, AND IT’S ONE OF THE CHARACTERISTICS OF GEORGE THAT I THINK CONTRIBUTED ENORMOUSLY TO HIS LEADERSHIP SUCCESS. LEO LAMBERT PRESIDENT EMERITUS

“I think he had his greatest impact in being in the classroom and those really traditional, backbone subjects, where he asked tough questions and didn’t necessarily give the answers,” said Dunham. “He looked at his students as competent to answer the tough questions and that led to lots of office visits and conversations, getting to know students on a much deeper level.” Dunham noted that while Johnson was always professional in the way he carried

George Johnson at the 2012 Elon Law commencement ceremony.

himself, he was always willing to talk to students and help them “He was very proper, very formal in his exterior, but very warm and very comfortable in a conversation and I think students are able to see all of those facets of his personality in the classroom and outside the classroom,” Dunham said. Johnson served as a close mentor to David Morrow. Morrow was one of just two Black students in the 2010 class and was inspired by Johnson’s leadership. “It was very inspiring to see Elon Law put their trust in an African American man to lead their program through ABA accreditation,” Morrow said. “Seeing a man of color in a leadership position gave me the confidence to go on in my career.” Morrow won the 2016 George R. Johnson Jr. Professional Achievement Award, which recognizes Elon Law alumni who made significant professional

PHOTO COURTESY OF ERIC TOWNSEND

contributions while bringing honor and recognition to Elon University School of Law. He credits a lot of his professional success to his relationship with Johnson. “Much of our profession hinges on networking. He had a vast network, and he opened it up for me,” Morrow said. “He consulted with me on every step of my professional career. I really valued his opinion because of his professional experience.” Morrow is thankful for the impact Johnson made on his life and wants his legacy to be remembered. “The law profession is overwhelmingly white, so seeing a black man in his position was astounding,” Morrow said. “He was always there to support me, even long after I graduated. He was happy to see that I was happy.” Baylor Rodman contributed to the reporting of this story.


Wednesday, November 18, 2020 | page 6

THE ELON BITE

LIFESTYLE

THE ELON BITE IS A COLUMN THAT REVIEWS RESTAURANTS AND FOOD VENDORS IN THE LOCAL AREA

Taaza Bistro’s Indian cuisine packs heat and flavor

Jack Chambers

Senior

This week, I had a craving for curry and picked up Taaza Bistro on South Church Street for the first time. I ordered a very generic choice: the chicken tikka masala with rosemarygarlic naan bread. The food was delectable, with almost every item having something savory and unique, and the meal was greater than the sum of its parts. The first thing that I noticed was not the taste of the food though. It was the smell. When I brought the bag into my car, there was a perfect aroma of fresh bread, herbs and garlic and the gentle spice notes from the curry wafting in. Once I plated the chicken curry and sauce onto a bed of rice (Tip: garnish with some fresh cilantro), I dug into a meal that needed to be mixed together. The sauce was thick and creamy with the perfect amount of spice to contrast the sweetness of the curry. The chicken was moist and well-cooked and paired very well with the sauce. The rice was good too. Taaza used basmati rice, which chef Gordon Ramsey calls “the king of rice,” and it was moist and fluffy, especially considering it was take-out. I do wish they added a few vegetables like peas or onions to it to bring some color and texture, but the rice itself was very good. The rice did not turn out to be the starch that stole the show. That was the naan bread. For those who do not know, naan is a flatbread that originated in India and south Asia, typically cooked in a vertical Tandoori oven. Think of it like a charred pita bread.

JACK’S SCORE

8 of 10

Every week the restaurant reviewed is given a score out of 10

This one, seasoned with rosemary and garlic, was awesome. Fresh and warm when I picked it up, it tied the dish together. Scooping some rice, curry and chicken into a piece of the naan and taking a bite was a wild ride for my curry-craving taste buds. All the flavors played together nicely, and it was a purely satisfying bite. This curry also makes great leftovers. It is reheatable in the microwave, but I would recommend putting the naan in the oven at around 200 degrees for a few minutes to avoid the bread getting soggy. One tip I picked up was to save some leftover curry sauce and use it as a dip for grilled cheese, to eat with eggs or spread on sandwiches. Overall, I was impressed with Taaza and really enjoyed my food. The only drawback is that curry is on the expensive side when it comes to takeout. However, when your heart needs some Indian soul food, it’s worth the cost. Taaza gets an 8 out of 10 from me. If you have suggestions for a restaurant to review in the area, email suggestions to jchambers5@elon.edu.

JACK CHAMBERS | ELON NEWS NETWORK

Chicken tikka masala, basmati rice and rosemary garlic naan bread from Taaza Bistro.

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Wednesday, November 18, 2020 | page 7

COMEBACK TIME:

SP RTS SPORTS

ELON WOMEN’S BASKETBALL After the 2020 season, the women’s basketball team is ready to return with a vengeance Hope Suire

Elon News Network

Disappointment surged through the women’s basketball team last year as they were warming up for their quarterfinal game in the Colonial Athletic Association Championship against James Madison University. The announcement was made over the loudspeakers that the tournament was canceled due to the COVID-19 outbreak. Junior Brie Perpignan felt a range of emotions when she heard the announcement, but the guard said she understood it “was for our safety.”

Senior Saadia Munford said she was also disappointed, saying she thought the team still had a lot to prove and wasn’t able to. “We felt like we really left a lot on the table,” Munford said. “We felt like we had a lot to prove within the short time of last season.” Munford said that the team, which went 14-16 (8-10 CAA) is excited to get back on the court to compete and prove the talent of the team. Perpignan said the season so far has been full of sanitizing, physical distancing and following the school’s protocols. “We actually practice with our gaiter masks on. If we’re not actively doing anything on the court, like doing a drill or running a play, you have to put your mask on,” Munford said. “We also get tested very often, like every week. And when school is out, we will get tested like two to three times a week.” The women’s basketball team practiced in small groups to start the semester. Since the coronavirus case numbers across campus have decreased, they have begun to practice as a full team. “We are not worried about safety. We know that the athletic department is not going to put us in a bad situation. We feel that if we follow the protocols given, we will be ok,” Perpignan said. Munford said that as seniors and leaders, they have needed to adapt to the times in order to

keep the faith among their team. Perpignan has seen the team dynamic and knows they will be a strong team. “Our leadership and team dynamic has definitely improved this season and is now very, very good,” Perpignan said. In previous years, the women’s basketball team roster has shown a lack of upperclassmen with plenty of underclassmen. However, this year, it’s the opposite. With no freshmen on this year’s team and only one transfer, Munford is thankful that their newcomer has seamlessly joined their scheme. Junior Evonna McGill transferred to the Phoenix from the University of North Carolina at Asheville. Due to NCAA transfer rules, McGill is not eligible to play for the 202021 season, but has been practicing and getting to know the team. “She’s a great fit for our team,” Munford said. “Once we started practicing and working out, she fit in seamlessly into what we were doing, so I am really excited to play with her this season.” Munford also shared how important this season could be for her and her class. During her freshman year, the team won the CAA Championship Tournament and made the NCAA tournament for the second time in program history.

WE FELT LIKE WE REALLY LEFT A LOT ON THE TABLE. WE FELT LIKE WE HAD A LOT TO PROVE WITHIN THE SHORT TIME OF LAST SEASON. SAADIA MUNFORD SENIOR

CLARE GRANT | PHOTO EDITOR

Elon University senior and guard Ariel Colón prepares to pass the ball to a teammate against the Northeastern Huskies in Schar Center on Sunday Feb. 16. The Elon University women’s basketball team is set to play their first game of the 202021 season on Nov. 25.

FIRST HOME GAMES

2020-21 SCHEDULE FURMAN

When: Sunday, Dec. 13 Time: TBA

UNC GREENSBORO

CLARE GRANT | PHOTO EDITOR

Elon University redshirt junior and guard Ariana Nance shoots a lay-up against the Winston-Salem Rams in Schar Center on Tuesday Nov. 5.

“I have a personal goal of winning every season but I really want to go out with a win this year,” Munford said. “We won our freshmen year so the seniors made it clear when we first started practicing that we wanted to go out the same way we came in, which was champions.” “When we finally got news about our schedule, we were full of excitement,” Perpignan said. “Just being able to get back out there and play even though the season is shorter than usual. We’re just honored and excited to play again.” The team will take the court at Gardner-Webb University on Nov. 25 for their first game of the 2020-21 season. Their first CAA matchup will be against Northeastern University on Jan. 2.

When: Friday, Dec. 18 Time: TBA

NORTHEASTERN

When: Saturday, Jan. 2 Time: 1 P.M.

NORTHEASTERN

When: Sunday, Jan. 3 Time: 1 P.M.

JAMES MADISON

When: Saturday, Jan. 16 Time: 1 P.M.

JAMES MADISON

When: Sunday, Jan. 17 Time: 1 P.M.


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The Pendulum, November 18, 2020 Edition  

The Pendulum, November 18, 2020 Edition  

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