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urban analysis . roseangle - dundee . september 2012 yr3

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du n dee sch o ol o f e n vir o nme n t . dep a rtm e nt o f a r chi t ect u re

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urban analysis roseangle - dundee by betty buckman . avril bennie . keri clare . pedro faria ironside . ivars kalvans . deborah martin . craig moir . september 2012 yr3

. clare gorman simon white .

. zhichao hou . laura hank yin . peter zhang


contents analysis location movement

(page

planning land use

(page

1) 2 -3)

(page 4 - 7) (page 8 - 11)

social + economic heritage

(page 12 - 27)

sections

(page 28 - 31)

urbanism

(page

32 - 39)

feeling

(page

40 - 41)

du n dee sch o ol o f e n vir o nme n t . dep a rtm e nt o f a r chi t ect u re

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1

. location . roseangle - dundee . context

uk

scotland

angus

dundee

roseangle

du n dee sch o ol o f e n vir o nme n t . dep a rtm e nt o f a r chi t ect u re

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main roads

(dundee centre area)

congestion zones

connections . main district

noise pollution zones


3

. movement . roseangle - dundee . context

main roads

private roads

secondary roads

pedestrian movement

The Rose angle area of d undee is q uite uni que. Bot h per th R oad and R ose angle ac t as mai n acc ess rou tes for t he si x ch ose n sites . One o f the reas ons t he si tes have be en ch ose n is bec ause o f the se ma in, cl ear acces s ro utes whi ch ar e sh own in th e d iagra ms below . A s the se two route s are s ome of the ma in roa ds thr ough dunde e t hey c an becom e q uite con geste d at times whic h is also sugge ste d in a dia gram bel ow. The d iag rams be low s how t he mo vemen t lay out in grea ter det ail fro m no ise pol lutio n to pavem ent l ayou ts f or pe des trian s.

car parking areas

topography - high to low

du n dee sch o ol o f e n vir o nme n t . dep a rtm e nt o f a r chi t ect u re

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dun dee l oca l dev el op me nt p la n/ m ai n i ssu e s

Re po rt

He re an d be l ow q uot e s a n d i n for m ati o n f r om Mai n Iss ue s und er D und e e L o cal Dev e 1op m ent Pla n by Dun d ee City Concil D un de e Cit y Co n cil [on l ine ] ava ila ble f rom: h tt p :/ /w ww .d un de ec it y. g ov. u k/d u nde e cit y /up l oad e d_ p u b li c at i o n s / pub l ic a t io n _ 2 87 0 .p df

T he ne w L oc al D ev el opm e nt Pl a n f or Du ndee will se t o ut a s tr at eg y t o gui d e f utu r e d evel opm en t wi th in th e Ci ty f or a p eri o d of 5 yea rs and pr ov ide b roa d in di ca ti ons o f g row t h for u p t o 1 0 ye ar s i n t he fu tu re . T h e p l an w ill a lso c ont ai n policies and proposals covering the principal la nd use is sue s i n t h e C ity an d s e t o ut wher e ne w d e v e l o p m e n t s h o u l d a n d s h o u l d n o t h a p p e n . (p. 4) M ain I ss ue s R e por t pro v ide in f orm ation on the key issues to be considered within the p r o p o s e d p l a n . (p. 5) T h e r e a r e 4 m a i n i s s u e s which support Dundee Local Development Plan: Climate Change Resilience, Creating Quality Pl ac es, Inf ra st ru ct ur e P rov i sio n a n d B iod ivers ity an d Gre en Ne tw or ks (p . 11 )

e c on om i c d e vel o pme n t a r eas The Sc ottis h G overn men t in its Ec ono mic Str ategy singles out 7 key sectors with high-growth pot entia l and the cap acity : 1. Cre ative I ndus trie s ( inc ludin g dig ital co ntent and te chnol ogie s); Are a: The Ra ilyar ds Digi ta l Med ia Pa rk - Medi a an d Sof twa re in dus tries . 2. Ener gy (w ith a p art icula r focus o n re new ables ); 3. Finan cial and Busi ness Ser vices ; 4. Food and Drink (including agriculture & fis herie s); 5. Life Sciences (including biotechnology and tra nslat ional me dici ne) Are a: T he Tech nop ole Res earch ind ustr ies adja cen t to the Un ivers ity Of Dun dee 6. Touri sm; 7. Educa tion and Heal thcar e. ( p . 17 )

economic development areas

. roseangle


5

. planning issues . roseangle - dundee . context

t o wn centres and retailing

dis tri c t c e ntr e s

...T ayp l an S t r a te gi c D e v e l o p m e n t P l a n . . . seeks to di r ect L o c a l D ev el op m e n t P l a n s t o i d e nti f y the specific boundaries for each identified town cen tr e a n d i d e n t i f y r o l e s f o r o t h e r se r vice centres beneath the regional hierarchy ... par ti c ula r ly i n mu lt i- c e n t r e s e t t l e m e n t s suc h as Dun de e . (p. 44).

Development Plan prefers: Review the bo un dar ie s of th e e xis t ing Di str ict Cent res wi th a vi ew t o c o nso l ida t ing the m into a m ore vi ab le s ho ppi n g ce n tre f or t he ar ea th ey se rve and provide a better focus for future in ve stm en t ( p. 4 8)

The Dunde e Loca l Pla n Rev iew 20 05 p riori tis e 4 Hig h Ame nity Econ omic Deve lop ment Are as: 1. The M edi P ark - Med ical/ bio logic al in dus tries adj acent to N inew ells hosp ita l; 2. The Technology Park-general office and business uses, including an extension at Bal garth no; 3. The Technopole - Research industries adj acent to t he U nive rsity Of Dund ee; 4. T he Rail yard s Digi tal Media Park- Med ia and Sof tware indu stri es. (p . 2 2)

du n dee sch o ol o f e n vir o nme n t . dep a rtm e nt o f a r chi t ect u re

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dun dee publ ic open spac e s t rat e gy 2 00 8- 20 11

Nei gh b our h oo d P a r k s Are a: M a gde l e n e G r e e n F u n c t i o n s : V a r i et y of pro vi s ion a c r o s s a n ar e a a n d a t t h e h e a r t of Com mu n iti e s. Typ e o f v is i t : • F r e q u e n t l o c a l u s e R a n g e of pro vi s ion ac r o s s a n ar ea f o r : • Rec rea t io n ( m a i n l y i n f o r m a l , s o m e f or m al, spo rt and pl a y ) • N at u re c on s e r v a t io n in t e r e s t • Visual amenity, providing a setting for bui ld i ngs • A civi c sq u a r e or v i l l a g e g r e e n a t t h e h e art of ea c h c o mm u n i t y if d es i r e d . ( p . 2 8 ) Loc al P a rks a n d o p e n S p a c e s : A r e a : P e r t h R o ad/ Roseangle Functions: Safe, locally acc es s ibl e o p e n s p a c e s f o r p e o p l e o f a l l a g es, esp ec i all y c h i l d r e n. T yp e o f v i s i t : • D ai l y u s e P r o v i s io n fo r : • I nf o rma l r e c r e a t io n an d p l a y • N at u re c on s e r v a t io n in t e r e s t • Visual bui ld i ngs

amenity, (p. 28)

providing

a

setting

for

Quotes and information from Dundee Public Open Space strategy 2008-2011 by Dundee City Concil Dundee City Concil [online] available from: http://www.dundeecity.gov.uk/dundeecity/ u pl oa d ed _p u bl i ca t ion s /pu b lic a tio n _95 7 .pd f

ou tc om es Ou tc ome 1: Dun d ee' s ope n spa c e en coura ges a nd supports healthy lifestyles by providing op po rtu ni tie s f o r rec r eat i on, rel axa tion and fu n for p eop le o f al l age s an d ab i lit ies. Outcome 2: Dundee's open space provides a ne tw ork of div e rse , att r act i ve an d insp iri ng gr ee n sp ac es w h ich a dd c o lou r and l ife to the Ci ty in cl udi ng t he u rb an e nvi r onm e nt. Outcome 3: Dundee's public open spaces safe, accessible and meet the current fu tu re ne eds o f lo ca l com m uni t ies .

are and

Ou tc ome 4: Dun d ee' s ope n spa c e co ntrib ute s to th e e con omi c pr o spe r ity o f Dun d ee b y hel ping to at tr act i nve st me nt a nd to u ris m . Ou tc ome 5: The ma na ge men t o f th e C ity 's pub lic open space delivers quality and is cost ef fe cti ve , ef f ici e nt a n d pr o vid e s be st val ue fo r cit iz ens o f Du nd ee . (p . 5)

s us ta i na b le nat u ral and bui l t en v iro n men t Tay plan Str ate gic De velop men t P lan 20 12-20 32 requires that Local Development Plans: • reduce the need to travel, improve accessibility, promote transport assessments and travel plan s whe re ne cessa ry. • inte gra te was te manag emen t into de velop men t. • i nte grate low and zero carbon generation into dev elopm ent. • in corpo rat e and enh anc e natur al and his toric ass ets with de sig n c ontex t a nd lay out. (p . 5 3)


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p u b li c op en space hi er ar ch y Complimentary to the Greenspaces Network, Dun de e C i ty C ou nc il h a s d e v e l o p e d a " P ubl i c Ope n S pac e " H i e r a r c h y t h a t p r o v i d e s a sy s tem for d e ter m in i ng a p p r o p r i a t e p r o v i s i o n lev e ls of public open space to ensure a fair di s tr i but i on a cr os s Du nd e e . (p. 15)

context and ope n spa ce

issues

relating

to

. planning issues . roseangle - dundee . context

• Chi ld ren ' s Pl ay • A llo tment Ga rde ns • Events and activities • Promotion and ma rk eti ng of Ope n Sp a ce • Ame nit y Ope n S pace Management • Natural Heritage and bi od ive rs ity • T r ees and wo odlan d m anage men t • Arts and Historic Interest • Community Le ar nin g De ve lop m ent and Gree nsp ace • Sa fety • Urban Rangers • Physical Activity and Gr ee nsp ac e • Th e Du nde e Co re Pa t h N e twor k • Gree nsp aces an d E qua lit y • I n vol v ing Local Com munit ies • To ur ism a nd E co no mi c Dev e lopm ent • Plann ing , Management and Protection of Public Open sp ac es ( p. 19 )

du n dee sch o ol o f e n vir o nme n t . dep a rtm e nt o f a r chi t ect u re

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9

. land use . roseangle - dundee . context

residential commercial abandoned landscape - public landscape - private

du n dee sch o ol o f e n vir o nme n t . dep a rtm e nt o f a r chi t ect u re

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general

du n dee sch o ol o f e n vir o nme n t . dep a rtm e nt o f a r chi t ect u re

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. open space/materiality . roseangle - dundee . context

du n dee sch o ol o f e n vir o nme n t . dep a rtm e nt o f a r chi t ect u re

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w e s t

e n d


13

. timeline . social + economic background . roseangle - dundee . context

A small port grows up at Dundee . 1100 King William gives Dundee a charter (a document granting the people certain rights) . 1191 1 3 4 9 D u n d e e i s a thriving town with a population of about 4 ,000. Wine is imported and grain. Wool and hides are exported . 1349 The p o p u l a t i o n o f D u n d e e h a s r i s e n t o a b out 7,000 and it is growing rapidly. The wool industry in Dundee is flourishing and big amounts are exported . 1520 T imber, pitch and hemp from the Baltic and Scandinavia are imported. Dundee is partly burned by the English . 1548 Street cleaning begins . 1591 A wall is built around Dundee . 1592 Plague strikes Dundee . 1607 - 08 The population of Dundee is about 11,000 . 1650 The English capture Dundee . 1651 The English demolish the walls around Dundee . 1657 Dundee Harbour is badly damaged by a storm . 1668 City Hall is built . 1731 Dundee is known for its linen industry and whaling . 1750

du n dee sch o ol o f e n vir o nme n t . dep a rtm e nt o f a r chi t ect u re

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. timeline . social + economic background . roseangle - dundee . context

An i nfirmary opens in Dundee . 1798 Th e po pu la tion of Dundee is 26,000 . 1801 K in g William IV Dock is built . 1825 Dundee gains gaslight . 1826 Cholera strikes Dundee . 1832 A water company is founded in Dundee to provide piped water . 1845 Ch ol era strikes Dundee again . 1849 Th e po p ula t ion of D und e e is over 90,000. Shipbuilding is a major industry in Dundee. So it jute . 1861 Horse drawn trams run in Dundee . 1876 The Law opens . 1878 Dudhope Park opens . 1893 Lochee Park opens . 1899 D un de e tr am s are electrified . 1899 - 1902 Victoria Park opens . 1906 D C Th om ps on b eg in s making comics in Dundee . 1920

du n dee sch o ol o f e n vir o nme n t . dep a rtm e nt o f a r chi t ect u re

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1 96 3 . Ea r l Gr ey D oc k cl o s e s 1 96 4 . Ki n gs wa y Te ch ni ca l C o l l e g e o pe n s 1 96 6 . Ta y R oa d Br id ge o p e n s 1 97 1 . Ba r nh il l Sh op pi ng C e n t r e o p e ns 1 97 4 . Ni n ew el ls H os pi ta l o p e n s 1 97 8 . We l lg at e Sh op pi ng C e n t r e o p e ns . A n ew C entral Library opens 1 98 6 T he D is co ve ry r et ur n s t o D u n d e e 1 99 6 V erd a nt W or ks M us eu m o f J u t e W or k ing ope n s 1 99 9 D und e e Co nt em po ra ry A r t s o p e n s 2 00 0 T he n ew O ve rg at e Sh o p p i n g C e n t re ope n s. D undee Ice Arena opens.

177 9 ma p of Dun dee and the beg innin g o f its expansion. The map ind ica tes the hum ano id fo rm tha t t he st re et s beg an to take . Wi th P erth Roa d ext end ing o ut to the west


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. mapping . social + economic background . roseangle - dundee . context

190 1 ma p s ho w in g fu rt he r e x p a n s i o n o f th e c ity. The map i n di c at es h o w P e r t h R o a d h a s d eve l oped du e t o th e i n c re as e of i n d u s t r y

Present day map (2001). Showing full ex pa nsi on of t he c it y and the west end into its current residential state with all commercial, shop outlets and restaurants lo ca ted o n t he s id e of th e st reet.

Pre sent day m ap ind icati ng th e locat ion dem olish ed un used fac torie s o f 190 0

of

th e

no w

du n dee sch o ol o f e n vir o nme n t . dep a rtm e nt o f a r chi t ect u re

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. social + economic background . roseangle - dundee . context

D un dee Ho lds s ev er al m ili t ary i n sti t uti o n man y f r om t he f irs t an d se c ond wor l d w a rs.

Th e Mar ke t P La ce o f Du nde e .

T he ex pan si o n o f ho u sin g wi t hin Dun d ee m ove s ba ck up to the Mou n d a n d t o th e si d es i nto Bro u ght y Fe r ry e tc. Dun d ee M ill s T he te xti le a nd s hi pb uil d ing mer c han t s w h ich wer e th e re a son for Dun d ee s ucc e ss.

D und ee is pl a ced bet w een the Tay and the Mou n d

W ha lin g w as a m a jor inf l uen c e w i thi n Du n dee , t he ex ped it i on t o t h e A r cti c wa s on e of man y ev ent s wh ic h pl ac e d D u nde e in the his t ory bo o ks.

A t yp ica l st o ne b uil t Sc o tti s h h o me

Old b uildi ngs use d to ne ver hav e founda tio ns and wo uld be bui lt stra ight fr om the gro und up, he nce why th ink wal ls ar e use d in sco tland . The rest of the building would consist of concrete flo ors a nd ti mber joi sts. The Dundee Hills vit icult ure reg ion cons ists of a single, continuous landmass that rises above the surrounding Willamette Valley floors and is defined be the 200ft contour line the AVA s hig hest peak of 1 ,067 feet . The a rea com prise s a nor thsou th spin e with r idge s, as well as small valleys on its east, south and west sid es. Dun dee Hil ls is p art of a North Willamette Valley hill chain that dev elope d as a col lisi on of the Pacific and North American plates. Dundee Hil ls i s ty pical ly volc anic ove r sed iment ary sand stone .

du n dee sch o ol o f e n vir o nme n t . dep a rtm e nt o f a r chi t ect u re

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The area around Dundee has been inh abite d si nce the Iron Age, but the city s biggest period of development took place during the industrial revolution. Growing Bri tish trad e le d to th e d eve lopme nt of the fla x a nd j ute ind ust ries. D ue to it s geogr aphi c loca tio n, Dund ee was id eally lo cat ed to imp ort Ju te fro m India a nd the Wh ale oi l need ed to process it. The Jute Industry sta rted t o dec line afte r the S eco nd Wor ld Wa r. As D undee was p ort c ity, i t al so h ad a l arge shipb uil ding ind ustry , w hich further supported engineering and mac hine b uildi ng c ompan ies , s uch as the one t hat u se to o per ate on our site. After the Second World War Dundee s shipbuilding industry slo wly d ied o ut. Dun dee was als o k nown for b eing ho me to a famou s J am m anu factu rer and t he pub lishi ng ho use D.C. Thom pso n. In the l ate 1 970 s up to the ear ly 1990 s Dundee faced high une mploy ment with a la rge indus tri al workforce in a post industrial Bri tain.


21

. social + economic background . roseangle - dundee . context

The eighteenth-century experienced such ex pa nsi on o f a mid d le- c las s w hic h e nsu r ed th e su cce ss o f o th er N ew To w ns wh i ch we r e developing. Dundee in the nineteenthce nt ury w ea lth w a s no t b uil t out o f t he ha rv est of th e h i ghl a nd and t h e f ish i ng ground, but out of the exertions of a resident proletariat; and the need for ho us ing h as sh ap ed t hi s a r ea f or 1 50 y ear s . Kn ow n a s pl a ce, w ork , fol k ; t he e stu a ria l ha rb our sep a rat e s f rom so u the r n S cot l and by a two-mile width of tidal waterway and bl oc ked of f b y t he Si dl e Hi l ls fr o m fer t ile St ra thm or e and t h e his t ori c al ma i n rou t e to th e no rth . T he p eo pl es t r adi t ion w ill b e to build with local stone and imported timber rather than brick and to employ vernacular based on those materials and co lo ure d b y in f lue n ces fr o m o the r c o unt r ies on t he ma rit im e tr ad e rou t es. Fishing and shipbuilding were natural oc cu pat io ns in s u ch a pl a ce. T h e fir s t was carried on in a modest way from the ea rl ies t t ime s unt i l the S eco n d Wor l d Wa r , re ad ing i ts ap og ee wi t h A r cti c wh a ler s of th e ni ne tee n th c en tu ry, re a che d a bef o re pe ak i n 19 14 h ow ev er h e ld r epu t ati o n f o r qu al ity . T he se p ro fe ss io n p ut Dun d ee fir m ly on t he ro ad to be c omi n g a s ign a l-i n dus t ry to wn .

Flo urish ing wo oll en ind ust ry of t he Fla nders , wh o w er e not t rading t hrou gh the ea st coas t por ts f or their raw materials but by the twelfth-centuary were being enc ourag ed to set tle and put the ir ca pit al an d skill t o use in Greater Britain. They were given credit for est ablis hing t he tex til e ind ustry w hic h was d om in an t in Dun dee s eco nomy from the Mid dle ages o nwards. Th is lea ds t o th e coars e linen s, and Ba xters sailcloth we nt int o act ion a t T rafal gar and cov ered the wagons w hi ch ope ned u p the Amer ican Wes t, an d Mac gre gor s firehouse saf eguar ded t he e arly New Yor k sky scr apers . The coar se li nen l ed to t he ju te, a tran sition ma de pos sible by th e us e of t he b atc hing- oil so conveniently pro curab le in w hal ing po rts . With the growt h of th e tex tile indu stry , t he en gin eerin g i ndust ry followed in demand to serve shipbuilders,creating yet another tra ditio n o f i nven tive ness, exper tis e a nd cra ft sm an sh ip and one whic h su rviv es t he t ran sitio n fr om h eavy t o light eng ineer ing. The mas s pop ulat ion for land mass is huge . Th is e xp an si on was not, of co urse, the produ ct o f natu ral in cr ea se alo ne; it wa s t he res ult of ma ssive immig ration from Ang us, Pe rths hire, High lan ds an d Ire land in response t o lab our deman ds of the tex til e in dus try. Th e response to tha t prob lem creat ed b ulk of dun dee s bui lding st oc k, and expla ins th e scar cit y of ar chi tectu re sur vivals from the medieval and eighteenth century as well as the abs ence o f ex ample s of the ki nd o f up-m arket street design which gave the New Towns of Edinburgh Its ess entia l cha ract er o f pub lic .

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. social + economic background . roseangle - dundee . context

I t i s cl ear fr om th e i mag e s op p osi t e th a t th e changing e co no mi c climate o f Du nd ee over t he years has had a dramatic effect o n t h e ph y sic a l ap pe a ran c e a nd s oci a l w ork i ngs of t he city. Co mm un is t Hugh Ma c Diarmid d es cribed the city as a great i nd u st ria l c ul -d e- sa c , a g r im mon u men t to man s humanity to man . He could fi nd nothing to mask it utter d eg r ad ati on . T h ro u g h the l as t 15 0 yea r s, a s i zea b le p art of the city s po pu la ti on (around 10 %) has co me here from outside Scotland to l iv e and w o rk. T hi s tre n d be g an w i th t h e su ccess o f th e local t ex ti le f ac to ri es wh ic h pr oduced coarse linen and jute c lo t h b agg i ng. Th e m o st of the s e f act o rie s mainly gr ew up around t he ci ty ce nt re (due t o its proximity to the harbour) a nd N ort he rn p ar t of th e c ity d ue to t h e availability of water. The Pe rt h Ro ad / R oseangle area only seen some i nd u st ria l dev e lop m ent a n d the l a te 18 0 0 s and early 1900 s. The form of these factories were in part dictated by the l in e ar di vi si on s o f lan d th a t b ran c hed o f f the Pe rt h Road towards Magdalen Y ar d Ro ad . The part remains of these f ac t or ies s ti ll i nf or m t h e d i ffe r ent dis t rib ution of l an d on t he s it e to da y. S o ci a l c on dit i ons w ere p oor . Slu m s we r e in e xis tence up un ti l t he 19 30 s but Ho us in g Acts we re introduced in 1930 and 1935 w hi c h ga v e the au th o rit i es i n Dun d ee pa r t financial he lp t o bu il d 8, 00 0 ho us es a nd another 3,000 were built by the p ri v at e s ec to r. A s t he s hi ppi n g an d tex t ile i ndu s try b ega n to decline (d ue t o fi er ce competition fr om manufacturers in Calcutta), Dundee b eg a n to lo ok to w ard s lig h ter m anu f act u rin g as a replacement for t he j ut e fa ct or ie s (for example; printing, publishing a nd f oo d, d rin k a nd p r ese r ve) . Qu i te q uic k ly the jute f ac to ri es began to disappear ar ou nd the Perth Road/Magdalene Yard A re a a nd in st ea d a su rge of h ous i ng d eve l opm ent and ed uc at io na l bu il di ng s to ok i ts p la ce . T h is c han ge i n ec on om y h a s bro u ght a dif f ere nt type of people to Dundee from different co unties. In the early 1900 s f am i li es f rom E a ste r n Eur o pe, f o r e xam p le, w ere immig ra ti ng t o Du nd ee i n se ar ch o f wo rk i n the textile industry. Whilst s om e w ere l uc ky to fi n d r eas o nab l e r esi d ence (as in two 2 huge blocks on Shepard s Loan specifically dedicated to w or k er s i n t h e T ho ms o n S h epe r d ca r pet f act o ry) many were confined to a s in gl e room as their family home. Today, however, i t i s D un dee s E du cat i ona l opp o rtu n iti e s a t Univers it y/ Co ll eg e wh ic h entice young people to flock to the city. Due to t ec h no log ic al adv a nce s in Tr a nsp o rt (e g , the Tay Road Bridge and Dundee airport), better housing conditions and the o ns e t of g lo ba li sa ti on , D und e e has b e com e a more desi ra bl e de st in at io n wi th t he P er th R oa d/ Magdalene Yard area seen to b e o ne of the m ost c har m ing Sub u rbs of Dundee, mainly fu nc ti on in g as a re si de nt ia l area for students, families and t he up per c la ss o f Du nde e .

du n dee sch o ol o f e n vir o nme n t . dep a rtm e nt o f a r chi t ect u re

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. social + economic background . dundee . context

As

the shipping and textile industry began to decline, Du ndee be gan to lo ok to wards lighter manufacturing as a replacement for the jute fa ctori es.

1 9 57 i n du s tr ia ll y ac ti ve a rea

p r es e n t d a y re si de nt ia l a r ea - cr e a t in g a s of te r ci ty s cap e

The jute factories began to disappear around the Perth Road/Magdalene Yard Area and instead a surge of housing development and educational bu ildin gs to ok i ts p lace.

p re se n t d a y v i e w o f R . t a y f r o m u n i v e r s it y to wer du nd e e sc h oo l o f e nv ir o nm e nt . d e par t men t of arc h ite c tur e

.


193 0 . dund ee i s a thriv ing indu str ial c ity


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. social + economic background . dundee . context

(2012) I t i s cle ar f rom the ima g es a bov e th a t t h e c h anging ec on om ic climate of Du nd ee over t he y ea rs ha s ha d a dr a mat i c eff e ct on t h e phy sica l a pp ea ra nc e a nd so ci al wo rk in gs of t he cit y. Co mm un is t Hug h M ac Dia r mid de s cri bed the ci ty as a g re at industrial culd e- sac , a g rim mo n ume n t t o m an s h u man i ty to ma n . H e c ou ld fi nd n ot hi ng to m as k i t ut te r de gr ad ati o n .

du nd e e sc h oo l o f e nv ir o nm e nt . d e par t men t of arc h ite c tur e

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. perth road . roseangle - dundee . physical

perth ro ad el evation

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. space . variety . roseangle - dundee . physical

du nd e e sc h oo l o f e nv ir o nm e nt . d e par t men t of arc h ite c tur e

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. landmarks . urban . roseangle - dundee . context

Landmarks are usually a rather simply defined phy sical ob ject : b uild ing , si gn, sto re, or mo untain. The y a re frequ ent ly used c lues of ide nti ty and even of struct ure, a nd se em to be i ncrea sin gly r el ie d upo n as a jou rney bec omes mor e and mo re fa mil iar The main l and marks are ident ifi ed in t his drawing and are instantly recognisable. When navigating aro und the s ite i t is po ssibl e to id entif y th es e lan dmark s a s f ocal p oints fr om any where on th e s it e whi ch ma kes i t le gibl e.

du n dee sch o ol o f e n vir o nme n t . dep a rtm e nt o f a r chi t ect u re

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. context . districts . urban . roseangle - dundee Districts are the med iu m -to - la r g e s e c t i o n s of the city, conceived of as having some common, identifying cha ra c ter . The diagram represents an ideal district in terms of proximity to loc al am e nit i e s f ro m t h e hom e. We h a v e s h o w n ho w roseangle compares to the o r igi n al t h e o r e t i c a l dia gr a m b y m e a su ri ng t h e act ua l d i st a n c e t o e ac h place within the dis tr i ct

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. edges . urban . roseangle - dundee . context

Edges may be barriers, more or less penetrable, wh ic h c lo se on e r e gio n off fr om ano th er; o r th e y ma y be sea ms , li nes al on g w hic h tw o re gi ons are re la te d an d jo in ed to get he r. to p ima ge Perth Road acts as a barrier between Roseangle an d the N ort h mi dd le im age Roseangle holds the city separate from Magdalen Gr ee n. bo tt om im age The railway acts as a barrier to the water and th e c ity de fin e s th e cit y ed ge .

du n dee sch o ol o f e n vir o nme n t . dep a rtm e nt o f a r chi t ect u re

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. nodes + paths . urban . roseangle - dundee . context

N od es ar e p oin t s, t he str a teg i c sp o ts in a c ity into which an o bs erv er c an e n ter , and w h ich a r e the i n tensive foci to an d fro m whi ch h e is t rav e lli n g. Th e sit e has t hre e no de s, the m ost r ele v ant being l oc at ed in fr on t to C raw f ord b uil d ing . Thi s ju n ctu r e co n nects th e Ci ty Ce nt re, Sin de rin s an d R o sea n gle . It is ide n tif ia bl e through; th e c han gin g g r adi e nt, la n dma r ks, a v ari e ty of te xt ur e and in te rse ct ing r oa ds . Th e se co nd i s wh er e Ha w khi l l m e ets Pe r th Roa d linking t he si te wi th th e No rt h of th e ci t y. Th e thi rd co nn ec ts t he ci t y t o th e pa r k a n d t h e waterfront.

P eo ple obs e rve th e ci t y w h ile mov i ng thr o ugh it , al on g t hes e p a ths t he o the r e n vir o nme n tal elements ar ra nge d and r el at ed

a nd are

Th e org an ic na tu re of t he p ath in t he R o sea n gl e area is de mo nst ra ted he r e t hr ou gh the ju x tap o sit i on of the rigid gr id pa tt ern .

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. memory . urban . roseangle - dundee . context

Meanings and associations, whether social, historical, fun ction al, e cono mic, or individual, constitute an entire realm lying beyond the physical qualities we deal with here. YThey strongly reinforce such suggestions toward ide ntity or s tru cture as may be latent in the phy sical form its sel f This model is demonstrative of the transience of the city and the remai ning mem ory that preserves emotion and iden tity in s pace .

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. context .

landmark . feeling

. roseangle - dundee

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. feeling . roseangle - dundee . context

str eet e ntran ces from pert h r oad

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urban analysis roseangle - dundee by betty buckman . avril bennie . keri clare . pedro faria ironside . ivars kalvans . deborah martin . craig moir . september 2012 yr3

. clare gorman simon white .

. zhichao hou . laura hank yin . peter zhang


Dundee - Urban analysis booklet