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Key Events – The Civil Rights Movement 1955-1968 1955

1956

1957

1958

1960

1961

1962

1963

1964

1954 1 Dec Montgomery Brown vs. board of education – Segregation ruled illegal in education

Boycott continues in Montgomery

Rosa Parks 5 Dec – MIA begins boycott of buses in Montgomery

Little Rock (Arkansas)

20 December Sep 1 Boycott ends – US Supreme Court makes bus segregation illegal.

National Guard prevents students from getting in

4 May 1961

1960

Governor Faubus shuts Little Rock to avoid integration. Re-opens in 1960, with only 3% black students.

US Supreme Court rule that bus segregation on inter-state buses illegal; Includes bus terminals, waiting rooms and even restaurants.

Sep 23 Governor Faubus removes NG.

Sit In’s begin

Students get in. Riots.

Greensboro, North Carolina

Freedom rides begin. Buses are attacked and one is set on fire. Police Commissioner in Alabama gives KKK 15 minutes to deal with freedom riders before going in.

Sep 24 Eisenhower orders in paratroopers. Black students attend school.

SNCC founded Will become “Black Power” movement

1965

1967

Watts race riot

Race riots in the North. The “Poor Peoples Campaign”

34 killed.

1968

1967

1965

1968 - MLK assassinated Riots in 100 American cities

ce 1968 - Black Power salute Mexico Olympics

Freedom Marches begin.

28 August 1963

July 1964 Civil Rights Act

Washington I have a dream speech


Civil Rights Timeline