Page 1

Geography
Field
Trip
Workbook
 


Field Trip Report 1


Field
Trip
to
Three
Gorges
 Wuhan,
Yichang,
San
Dou
Ping
 8‐14
April
2009
 Name:____________________
Class:__________
Class
number:_________
 


Cheung
Chuk
Shan
College


Geography
Panel



Field Trip Report 2


Itinerary of Trip to Three Gorges Date


Itinerary


Relevant
 Geography
 topics


Discussion
 sessions


8/4/2009
 (Wed)


Take Dragon Air KA850 to Wuhan at 0850 arrive at Wuhan Airport at 1035 Visit Wuhan University and Huazhong University of Science and Technology

City & Sustainable Development

9/4/2009
 (Thu)


Visit Wuhan Iron and Steel Plant (Wugang) Visit Hubei Provincial Museum Visit Yichang and the Three Gorges site to understand the operation and construction of the Three Gorges Project

Industry Trouble of Water Power

Session 1: City and Industrial Development in Wuhan

10/4/2009
 (Fri)


Cruise along Chang Jiang Observe major fluvial features: gorges / waterfall / rapids

Landforms and exogenetic processes

Session 2: Three Gorges Project and related issues

11/4/2009
 (Sat)


Cruise along Chang Jiang

Landforms and exogenetic processes

12/4/2009
 (Sun)


Cruise along Chang Jiang Interview resettlement villagers

Trouble of Water

13/4/2009
 (Mon)


Visit Chang Jiang Water Resources Commission Visit major tourist spots in city of Wuhan Take 2015 Dragon Air (KA851) to Hong Kong arrive at Hong Kong at 2225

Trouble of Water City and sustainable development

Session 3: Conclusion


Field Trip Report 3


Day 1: City of Wuhan 1. Refer to Figures 1a and 1b which show the geographical location of Wuhan. Figure 1a

Figure 1b

A


B



  a.

Field Trip Report 4  Based on figure 1a, describe the geographical location of Wuhan.

_____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ b.

Based on figure 1b, describe the physical settings of the city of Wuhan.

_____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ 2.

Refer to Table 2, which shows the changes in land area in Wuhan from 1949 to 1993.

Land use area Built-up area Open space Industrial area Total area of city

1949

Land area 1959 1972

1993

1949-1959 Expansion Expansion area velocity 7327 211%

1972-1993 Expansion Expansion area velocity 10303 95%

3470

10797

10797

21100

3160

9249

9249

5611

6089

192%

-3638

-39%

214

4045

4045

4900

3831

1790%

855

21%

45500

45500

45510

846710

0

0

801200

1760%


 

Field Trip Report 5 

a.

Plot a composite bar graph to show the changes in various land uses (built-up area, open space and industrial land use) in Wuhan from 1949 to 1993.

b.

Based on the graph you have drawn, describe and explain the changes of various urban land use types of Wuhan between 1972 and 1993.

_____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________


  3.

Field Trip Report 6  Study photographs 3a and 3b which show the two industrial areas A and B in Wuhan. Their locations can be found in figure 1b. Table 3c shows the informaton about these two industrial areas. Photograph 3a

Name of industrial area Total area Types of industrial activities

Table 3c Location A Wuhan Steel Plant (Wugang) 21.17 km2 Iron and steel manufacturing

Photograph 3b

Location B Wuhan Economic & Technological Development Zone (WETDZ) 192.7 km2 automobile industry IT industry export-processing zone RMB 94.696 billion

Total industrial RMB 85.4 billion output value Production since 1955 1993 (data from http://www.wedz.gov.cn/theme/foreignlanguage/en/1-1.html and http://www.wisco.com.cn/wisco_en/brief/aboutus.shtml) a.

Refer to figure 1b, what are the common locational advantages for the setting of the industrial areas at A and B?

_____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________


 

Field Trip Report 7 

b.

Compare and contrast the characteristics of the industrial activities carried out at locations A and B. Location A Location B

c.

What are the possible environmental impacts brought by the industrial activities at location A?

_____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ d.

Explain why the Wuhan municipal government would like to put stress on the development of WEDTZ in recent years.

_____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________


e.

Field Trip Report 8
 Fill in the following table while visiting the iron and steel plant in Wuhan.

Date of visit Time of visit Assess the iron and steel plant in terms of its... site selection  very good  good  average  poor  very poor accessibility  very high  high  average  low  very low utilities  sufficient  insufficient community facilities  sufficient  insufficient air quality  very good  good  average  poor  very poor water quality  very good  good  average  poor  very poor solid waste problem  very good  good  average  poor  very poor noise level  very high  high  average  low  very low

Remarks


e.

Field Trip Report 9
 After touring the city of Wuhan, what urban functions do you think Wuhan performs? Give examples or evidence to support your answer.  commercial  industrial  institutional / administrative  tourist  transport  if others, please specify: ___________________

_____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________

research chooses fringe of Wuhan as study object, including inner ring areas of Dongxihu District, Han’nan District, Caidian _____________________________________________________________________ District, Jiangxia District, Huangpi District and Xinzhou District; regions between inner and outer ring circle such a _____________________________________________________________________ Qingshan District, Hongshan District, Jiang’an District and _____________________________________________________________________ Hanyang District and so forth. In order to simplify the research _____________________________________________________________________ we put parts of Jiang’an District, Qiaokou District, Wuchang District, Qingshan District, Hongshan District and Jiang’an District together as urban center. Wuhan has a dense traffic f. Refer to figure 3d and use your observation. Do you think Wuhan can be network composed of main highway, railroad and sea-route to qualified to be an international city? Why? form a radicalized traffic structure. The main traffic routes are shown in Figure 1. Figure 3d _____________________________________________________________________

____________________________ ____________________________ ____________________________ ____________________________ ____________________________ ____________________________ ____________________________ ____________________________ ____________________________ ____________________________ ____________________________ ____________________________ ____________________________ _______________________________________________________________ Fig 1. Map of Wuhan _______________________________________________________________

3.2

Data

_______________________________________________________________

We adopt 1:8,000,000 Wuhan administrative map as regiona data resource. Land use data comes from Wuhan Statistica Book and Wuhan Real Estate Statistical Book from 1990 to 2000. We choose land use category system of 8 categories, such as, arable land, garden plot, woodlands, pastures, urban land use


Field Trip Report 10


Day 2: City of Yichang 4. Refer to figure 4a and the extract below. Figure 4a

Extract 4b Yichang is the administrative centre of nine surrounding counties. lts population is engaged in light industry, chemical and steel production. The construction of the Gezhou Dam helped Yichang to grow from a small town of 30,000 into a city of 4.136 million. The construction of Gezhouba ended on December 10, 1988. It boasts a generating capacity of 2.71 GWh along with three ship locks, two power stations that generate 14,100 GWh of electricity annually, the 27 gates of the spillway, and the no flowing Dam on both banks. The dam is 2,595 m long with a maximum height of 47 m. The reservoir has a total volume of 1.58 km³. The Three Gorges Dam is only 44 kilometres (27 miles) upstream Thus although some houses and factories will be submerged, new buildings have been built higher up, in anticipation of the economic boom in the Yichang administrative region. Major tourist attractions in Yichang are Gezhouba ( and Xilingxia ( . a.

Explain why the construction of the dams can raise the population of Yichang.

_____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ b.

Despite the construction of a dam near Yichang, explain why the construction of another dam (Three Gorges Dam) upstream is necessary.



_____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________


  c.

Field Trip Report 11  Figure 4c shows the spatial changes of the largest lake, Dongtinhu, near Yichang. Figure 4c

i.

Describe and explain the changes in the size of the lake.

_____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ ii.

Explain why such changes in the size of the lake may contribute to the problem of flooding.

_____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________


Field Trip Report 12


Day 3: Three Gorges Project 5.

Figure 5a shows the information about the Three Gorges Dam. Figure 5a

P


Q


R


S


Key: P: Q: R: S:

a.

Explain the locational advantages of the Three Gorges Dam at this section of the Chang Jiang.

_____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________


 

Field Trip Report 13 

b.

Refer to figure 5a. Identify the four different parts of the dam and their respective purposes. _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ c.

Observe the operation of the five-step ship lock on board. Draw a series of sketch diagrams to show how it works.


d.

Field Trip Report 14
 Figures 5b and 5c show the five-step ship lock and ship lift respectively. What are the differences between them? Why do some ships use ship lock instead of ship lift?

_____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ Figure 5b

Figure 5c

e.

Figure 5d shows the construction sequences of the Three Gorges Dam. Arrange them in correct order. Figure 5d

I

II

III

_____  _____  _____  _____  _____ IV

V


  f.

Field Trip Report 15  Study figures 5e & 5f which show the satellite pictures of the Three Gorges Dam taken at different times. Figure 5e

i.

Describe the changes of the landscape of the area shown from 1987 to 2004.

_____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ ii.

What are the possible socio-economic and ecological impacts of such changes on the area?

_____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________


Field Trip Report 16
 Figure 5f

1987

2001


2004

2006

Field Trip Report 17



 

Field Trip Report 18 

Day 3 to 5: Cruise along Chang Jiang 6. Figure 6a shows the geology of the Three Gorges area. Figure 6a

Key: 1. ;2. ;3. ;4. ;5. ;6. ;7. ;8. ;9. a. In your observation at the field, what is the major type of rock in the Three Gorges area? What are their characteristics? _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ b.

Along the Chang Jiang, identify the physical features associated with this type of rock.

_____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________


Field Trip Report 19


c.

Figure 6b is a series of annotated diagrams showing the formation of gorges along Chang Jiang. Fill in the descriptions for each diagram with the statements provided. Figure 6b

Most
of
the
gorges
formed
along
Chang
 Jiang
are
found
in
______________
 area
which
is
formed
by
________
 resistant
sedimentary
rocks.




_____________
joints
are
more
 developed
in
the
area
and
therefore,
 _______________
is
more
dominant.




Moreover,
______________
in
the
area
 further
accelerates
vertical
erosion.




Strong
river
erosion
takes
place
in
the
 form
of
 ___________________________
and
 abrasion.




The
river
bed
is
_________________
 and
gorges
are
formed.




While
vertical
erosion
takes
place,
the
 river
__________
on
the
two
sides
of
 the
river
become
cliffs.




Mass
wasting
such
as
 ________________
is
common
on
less
 resistant
rocks
like
sandstone
and
 shale.




Hints Limestone, landslides, deepened, widened, vertical, hydraulic action,

As
time
goes
by,
the
gorges
become
 ________________
and
form
river
 valleys.


more, less, downcutting, banks, faulting.


7.

Field Trip Report 20
 Figure 7 shows an aerial photograph near Qutang Xia (

).

a. On figure 7a, label Chang Jiang and draw arrows to show the direction of river flow. b. Describe the locational characteristics of settlement A. _________________________________

Figure 7

_________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ Bai
Di
Chen
 ( )


c. Name activity B. Observe and describe the activity. _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________

Activity
B


d. Estimate the height of water level. _________________________________ e. What will happen to Bai Di Chen after water level rises up to 175 m? _________________________________

Highway
 S103


_________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ f. Observe and describe the historical and cultural value of Bai Di Chen. _________________________________

Settlement
A


_________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________

Ferry
 Pier


_________________________________ g. What are the government efforts in preserving the historical and cultural heritage in Bai Di Chen? _________________________________ _________________________________


  8.

Field Trip Report 21  Observe and describe any geographical features you can see along the cruise. You can draw sketch diagrams to show their characteristics.


9.

Field Trip Report 22
 You are going to interview the residents affected by the Three Gorges Project in the resettlement village. Prepare some questions and write down in the box below. Jot down the answers during the interview. INTERVIEW NOTES


Field Trip Report 23



Make
contributions
 Write
an
essay
about
the
trip
on
one
of
the
 following
topics:
 ‐
Three
Gorges
Project
from
a
historical
perspective
 ‐
Three
Gorges
Landscape
 ‐
Three
Gorges
Project
as
a
multi‐purpose
water
project
 ‐
Urban
and
Industrial
Development
in
Wuhan


Email
your
essays
to:
 amy91_87@hotmail.com
 


Submit
at
least
3
 photos
and
an
essay
 (around
600
words
in
 Chinese)
on
or
before
 19
April
2009.
 Don’t
forget
to
include
 your
name
and
class.


Profile for Patrick Lui

Overseas Field Trip Workbook (Three Gorges 2009)  

Overseas Field Trip Workbook (Three Gorges 2009)  

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