Cabin Reader 2023

Page 1

Published by the Cabin Reader 2023

Welcome to our pristine waters

Acentury ago, stories are told of families arriving at the Park Rapids train station for a summer vacation, a driver with horse and buggy greeting the haggard guests. They had ridden hours, arriving from Minneapolis-St. Paul and out of state.

After a stop at the area mercantile establishment for some flour, sugar and other basic necessities, it was off to the cabin on the lake. Fishing. Swimming. Lounging on the beach. Card games. Catching fireflies. Watching squirrels skirmish. Picnics. Reading a good book.

Times may have changed. But the overall lure of vacation on the lake remains.

According to the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, “Although water may seem abundant in Minnesota, the land of 10,000 lakes (there are actually 11,842 lakes of 10 acres or larger), water is a limited resource.

Throughout the world, clean, fresh water is increasingly scarce.”

The fresh water in Minnesota’s aquifers, lakes and rivers is “a legacy of retreating glaciers that shaped the landscape more than 10,000 years ago.”

Six percent of Minnesota is covered with water – more than any other state. Minnesota has more miles of shoreline than Hawaii, California and Florida combined.

In the heart of northern Minnesota lies one of the world’s greatest rivers, the Mississippi River. The Ojibwe word for the river is Messipi, meaning “big river.”

A raindrop falling in Lake Itasca arrives downstream at the Gulf of Mexico about 90 days later.

As you and your family connect with the north woods’ natural beauty, please remember to leave no trace. Let’s keep our beautiful lakes pristine, together.

The mysteries of the mighty Mississippi

680 of the Mississippi River’s 2,522 total miles flows through Minnesota – and it all begins in Hubbard County at Itasca State Park.

The name “Minnesota” comes from Dakota Indian words meaning “skytinted waters” or “skyblue waters.”

Minnesota has 90,000 miles of shorelines due to its abundance of lakes – that’s more than California, Florida and Hawaii combined.

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Table of Contents Calendar ����������������������������������������������� 6 Puzzles ������������������������������������������� 13-18 Fishing ������������������������������������������������� 19 Minnesota hot dishes 22 Itasca State Park 24 Hiking trails 25 A PUBLICATION OF THE PARK RAPIDS ENTERPRISE Visitors to the Heartland Lakes area soon learn it’s the land of 10,000 things to do. To find out the latest local news and upcoming events, turn to the Park Rapids Enterprise, an awardwinning newspaper published every Wednesday and Saturday. We offer year-round subscriptions for Minnesotans and out-of-state visitors. For more information, call 218-732-3364. Our office is located at 1011 First St. E., Suite 6, Park Rapids. You can find us online at www., Instagram or our Facebook page. © 2023 Park Rapids Enterprise This publication is the sole property of the Park Rapids Enterprise No portion of it may be reproduced without the express, written consent of the Park Rapids Enterprise
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Park Rapids calls itself the “Loon Capital of the U.S.A.”

The Legislature adopted the common loon as Minnesota’s state bird in 1961. A loon’s legs are near the rear of its body, enabling it to dive under water with great speed and agility.

Averaging about 9 pounds, the distinctive bird, with its black and white plumage, can attain speeds up to 60 miles per hour and dive as deep as 250 feet.

The loon earned its name from the old English word “lumme,” meaning clumsy one. Due to the bird’s inability to maneuver well on land, it’s a fitting description.

Fewbirds use sound to communicate in as many ways as loons do� Scientists have categorized common loon calls into four main types, each conveying a unique message

Hoot: A loon gives a hoot – a soft, short call – to let other loons know where it is or to ask another loon where it is� A parent might hoot to its chick, or one of a pair to another

Tremolo: The wavering tremolo call – sometimes likened to maniacal laughter – means a loon is excited or alarmed� Loons also use the tremolo when they fly over a lake to announce their presence to any loons there�

Yodel: Only male loons make this loud sound, which starts with three notes and ends with a couple of swinging phrases� They use it to defend their territory Each male has a “signature” yodel Some people have learned to recognize a specific loon by his yodel�

Wail: The high, haunting wail helps loons to figure out where they are relative to each other They call back and forth, using the location of the sound to move closer together�

Do your part to protect the beloved Loon

Nothing symbolizes the beauty of northern Minnesota more than the haunting call of the loon, our state bird. Do your part to protect loons. Minnesota’s loon population is threatened by loss of breeding habitat, water contamination and direct human disturbance to shoreline nests.

When boating in open water, watch for loons and keep your distance – at least 150 feet. Give more distance if the loon calls or shows other signs of distress, like when it “dances” on the water surface.

It’s particularly important to stay away from nesting loons.

Never circle loons while jet skiing. This is harassment and subject to a fine from DNR.

Choose lead-free fishing tackle.

Don’t throw old fishing gear into the water or shore.

Properly dispose of unwanted lead tackle.

Fun facts

► Loons’ bones are thicker and heavier than the bones of many other birds. The extra weight helps loons stay underwater when they dive. It also makes it harder for them to fly.

► Loons sometimes dive 250 feet deep.

► They can swim 400 yards and stay underwater for up to five minutes to escape danger.

► Because their bodies are heavy relative to their wing size, loons need a 100to 600-foot runway in order to take off from a lake.

► Loons can fly more than 75 miles per hour.

► The red in the loon’s eye helps it to see underwater.

► Scientists think loons can live for 30 years or more.

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Land of 10,000 things to do

Note: Events are subject to change. Always check with the organizer before making plans. All events listed are in Park Rapids unless otherwise noted.


20: Sculpture Trail opens

26: Mary Ann Papanek-Miller and Pao Houa Her artist reception, Nemeth Art Center

27: Farmers Market opens


15: Noon Hour Concert, Calvary

Lutheran Church

15: 2nd Street Stage

17: Author Fest at American Legion

17: Dorset Boardwalk Art Fest

22: Noon Hour Concert, Calvary

Lutheran Church

22: 2nd Street Stage

23-25: Akeley Paul Bunyan Days

24: Water Ski Show, Halvorson Beach, Nevis

29: Noon Hour Concert, Calvary

Lutheran Church

29: 2nd Street Stage

30: Sounds of Spirit Lake, Menahga city beach


1-3: PRCA ProRodeo and Xtreme

Bulls Competition, Park Rapids

1: Brad Kahlhamer artist reception, Nemeth Art Center

4: Firecracker Footrace, Heartland Park

4: Fourth of July parade

4: Community Band pre-fireworks concert

4: Rotary Fourth of July fireworks

6: Noon Hour Concert, Calvary

Lutheran Church

6: 2nd Street Stage

7: Sounds of Spirit Lake, Menahga city beach

7-9: Menahga Midsummer Celebration

8: Water Ski Show, Halvorson Beach, Nevis

8: Nevis Bands & BBQ

13: Noon Hour Concert, Calvary

Lutheran Church

13: 2nd Street Stage

14: Sounds of Spirit Lake, Menahga city beach

15: CHI St Joseph’s Auxiliary

Garden Stroll

11-16: Hubbard County Fair, Shell

Prairie Agricultural Association

20: Noon Hour Concert, Calvary

Lutheran Church

20: 2nd Street Stage

21: Sounds of Spirit Lake, Menahga city beach

21-22: Nevis Muskie Days

22: Historical Society quilt show, Riverside United Methodist Church

27: Noon Hour Concert, Calvary

Lutheran Church

27: 2nd Street Stage

28: Sounds of Spirit Lake, Menahga city beach

28-Aug. 5: Northern Light Opera Company, “Little Shop of Horrors”


3: Noon Hour Concert, Calvary

Lutheran Church

3: 2nd Street Stage

4-5: Crazy Days, Park Rapids

5: Nevis city-wide garage sale

5: Water Ski Show, Halvorson Beach, Nevis

5-6: Antique Tractor & Engine Club

Field Days

6: Taste of Dorset

10: Noon Hour Concert, Calvary

Lutheran Church

10: Water Wars on Main Avenue

10: 2nd Street Stage

11-12: Northern Knights Run to the Rapids classic car show

12: Northwoods Triathlon, Nevis

12: Legends and Logging Days/ Backyard BBQ Challenge

17: Noon Hour Concert, Riverside United Methodist Church

17: 2nd Street Stage

18: Festival of Tables, CHI St Joseph’s Health Auxiliary

19-20: Art Fair at the Winery, Forestedge Winery, Laporte

24: Noon Hour Concert, Calvary Lutheran Church

26: Veterans Tribute Program, Howard Maninga’s home, Ponsford

28: Historical Society program on Itasca, Northwoods Bank

31: Noon Hour Concert, Calvary Lutheran Church


13: Historical Society feat Jean Cooney, Hubbard County Museum

23-24: Art Leap 2022


30: Historical Society feat Will Weaver, Northwoods Bank

31: Trick or Treat Park Rapids


24: Community Tree Lighting and Yuletide Sampler

A legendary logger greets you

No drive around northern Minnesota is complete without a visit to Akeley, the home of one of the biggest selfie stops in the state – everybody wants their picture taken with the legendary big man himself, Paul Bunyan.

Local lore has it that the giant lumberjack was born in Akeley, and the community honors their native son with the world’s largest Paul Bunyan statue. His huge hand outstretched, the 31-foot friendly behemoth has welcomed visitors for more than 25 years.

Located on the Lake Country Scenic Byway, 10 miles west of Walker, Akeley is a hard-to-miss destination for anyone traveling around the area. The little town of about 440 people offers an array of outdoor activities and attractions for visitors, including a city beach and campground, picnicking, fishing, and trails for hikers, snowmobilers, ATVs and more.

Minnesota is the only state to have an orchid as its state flower: the showy lady’s slipper.

It was adopted as the state flower in 1902. Found living in open fens, bogs, swamps, and damp woods where there is plenty of sun, lady’s slippers grow slowly, taking up to 16 years to produce their first flowers.

Lady’s slippers bloom in late June or early July. Under the right conditions, lady’s slippers can live for more than 50 years. A healthy showy lady’s slipper can produce a half million seeds in a single year.

The frilly, pink and white lady’s slipper can grow to a height of 4 feet – the tallest of the state’s nearly 50 native species of orchids.

Its scientific name, Cypripedium, means shoe of Venus.

Since 1925, it’s been illegal to pick this rare flower or uproot the plants. It’s state law.

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flower: The showy lady’s slipper
Meet our state
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Minnesota animal tracks

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Gray Squirrel Raccoon Moose Striped Skunk Black Bear Wild Turkey White Tailed Deer Gray Wolf Red Fox Bobcat
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Learn to identify poison ivy, oak and sumac

Contact with poison ivy, poison oak or poison sumac can cause red, swollen skin, blisters and severe itching, sometimes within hours.

Learning to identify and avoid these plants is the best treatment.

Poison ivy has a short, woody stem and three, solid green leaflets. It can grow as a vine or low shrub.

Like its ivy counterpart, poison oak leaves also cluster in sets of three. The edges of the solid green leaves, while reminiscent of an oak tree, are less dramatic. Poison oak is most often seen in shrub form, but it can also grow as a vine.

Poison sumac has oval leaflets with smooth edges arranged in groups of 7 to 13. The leaf stems are always red. The bark is gray and smooth. It’s usually found in swampy or boggy areas where it grows as small tree or tall shrub.

All parts of these plants contain a toxic, oily substance called urushiol (pronounced “you-ROOshee- ol”). The poison is absorbed by the skin almost immediately, although symptoms may appear 12 to 24 hours later.

Gently washing your skin with ordinary soap within five to 10 minutes after exposure may help avert a reaction.

Wash clothing and any other contaminated objects promptly with detergent or warm, soapy water.

Mild cases resolve on their own within a few weeks. Control itching with calamine lotion or hydrocortisone cream.

Oatmeal baths and cool compresses also might be helpful. Severe or widespread rashes should be seen by a doctor, especially if there’s a fever, blisters are oozing pus and the rash affects your face or genitals.

Barrier creams containing 5 percent bentoquatam are the only FDA approved, skin applied products proven to

MYTH: The rash is contagious

FACT: Rubbing the rashes won’t spread poison ivy to other parts of your body or to another person The blisters contain only body fluids You spread the rash only if urushiol oil has been left on your hands Urushiol oil is potent – only 1 nanogram (one billionth of a gram) is needed to cause rash�

MY TH: You can develop a rash simply by being near the plants� FACT: Direct contact is needed to release urushiol oil Contact may be between the plant and bare skin or the poison may travel on the fur of a dog, gardening gloves, camping equipment, clothing or other intermediary�

MYTH: Don’t worry about dead or dormant plants�

FACT: The plants are poisonous year round Urushiol oil stays active on ANY surface, including dead plants, for up to 5 years�

protect against or reduce the severity of the rash when applied at least 15 minutes prior to exposure.


9. Slow cooked rare

11. What your kids do but can’t have.

15. Before your meal.

16. Jumbo this is an oxymoron.

Use the clues to fill in the words above. Words can go across or down. Letters are shared when the words intersect.

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Hopefully what you are on.
Used to make #9. 14. Drink names after the MN state flower. DOWN 1. Most tender cut. 2. Not just for breakfast. 3. Don’t over do it on these kiddo!
mmmmmmm ___________
Who we cheer for!
a fun guy.
You smile at this time of day.
Poison ivy Poison oak Poison sumac

Top 10 common butterflies of Minnesota

John Weber is a local butterfly and dragonfly enthusiast. Since 1997, Weber has been meticulously recording every dragonfly sighting. He’s counted butterflies since 1993.

These are the top 10 butterflies that Weber says you may encounter in Minnesota.

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Word Search

Sun & Sand













Rainy Weather

































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Like puzzles? Then you’ll love sudoku. This mind-bending puzzle will have you hooked from the moment you square off, so sharpen your pencil and put your sudoku savvy to the test!

HERE’S HOW IT WORKS: Sudoku puzzles are formatted as a 9x9 grid, broken down into

nine 3x3 boxes. To solve a sudoku, the numbers 1 through 9 must fill each row, column and box. Each number can appear only once in each row, column and box. You can figure out the order in which the numbers will appear by using the numeric clues already provided in the boxes. The more numbers you name, the easier it gets to solve the puzzle!

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Like puzzles? Then you’ll love sudoku. This mind-bending puzzle will have you hooked from the moment you square off, so sharpen your pencil and put your sudoku savvy to the test!

HERE’S HOW IT WORKS: Sudoku puzzles are formatted as a 9x9 grid, broken down into

nine 3x3 boxes. To solve a sudoku, the numbers 1 through 9 must fill each row, column and box. Each number can appear only once in each row, column and box. You can figure out the order in which the numbers will appear by using the numeric clues already provided in the boxes. The more numbers you name, the easier it gets to solve the puzzle!

Cabin ReadeR | 15





1. Flat tableland with steep edges

5. Where there’s __, there’s fire

10. Talked incessantly

12. Skill

14. Without shame

16. Where teens spend their days (abbr.)

18. Boxing’s GOAT

19. Used to anoint

20. Cluster cups

22. Footballer Newton

23. They make up a forest

25. Split pulses

26. Self

27. Post-office box

28. Test for high schoolers

30. Large, flightless bird

31. Expectorated

33. Falsehood

35. Prickly, scrambling shrub

37. French river

38. Told on

40. Hillside

41. Peyton’s little brother

42. Soviet Socialist Republic

44. Cathedral city in Cambridgeshire

45. Witness

48. Brews

50. Yellowish-brown

52. Arctic explorers, abbr.

53. Mexican agave

55. A type of “cast”

56. Encourage

57. Atomic #52

58. Relating to position north of south of equator

63. Gadget whose name you forget

65. Another recording

66. Small blisters

67. Dark brown or black


1. Licensed for Wall Street

2. “__ and flow”

3. A very large body of water

4. Accumulate on the surface of

5. Central cores of the stem

6. Angry

7. Ceramic jar

8. Scraped a car

9. __ route

10. Soviet labor camp system

11. Strong hostilities

13. Vitamin of the B complex

15. Go quickly

17. Toast

18. A team’s best pitcher

21. A Philly culinary specialty

23. Small child

24. Unhappy

27. Trims away

29. Characterized by crying eyes

32. Soft touch

34. American spy organization

35. A person’s chest

36. Came from behind to win

39. Fall back

40. Nellie __, journalist

43. Great places to kayak

44. Suffer patiently

46. Majestic bird

47. Electroencephalograph

49. Organic compound used as an antiseptic

51. Objects connected to the web (abbr.)

54. Ship as cargo

59. The bill in a restaurant

60. Upper-class young woman (abbr.)

61. Judge in OJ Simpson trial

62. One’s grandmother

64. Siberian river

Cabin ReadeR


1. In a place to sleep

5. Chemical compound (abbr.)

8. A way to fish

11. Classic Linklater film “__ and Confused”

13. Legume

14. Indonesian island

15. Smooth, creamy substance

16. Arctic

17. Wood sorrels

18. Defied

20. Cattle

21. Tableland

22. Honorably retired and retaining one’s title

25. Repossession

30. Danced

31. Adult males

32. A type of section

33. Type of Japanese animation

38. Satisfaction


41. Fit

43. “Ain’t No Sunshine” singer

45. Failure

47. Israeli city

49. French river

50. Cavalry-sword

55. Nocturnal S. American rodent

56. Liquefied natural gas

57. Afflicted

59. Electronic countercountermeasures

60. Popular HBO fantasy series (abbr.)

61. Spiritual leader of a Jewish congregation

62. Large body of water

63. __kosh, near Lake


64. Impudence


1. Payroll firm

2. Unit of transmission

3. Rockers Better Than __

4. Bambi is one

5. Highest parts of something

6. Correct behavior

7. Batty

8. Cyprinid fishes

9. Expression of sorrow or pity

10. Site of the famous Leaning Tower

12. American rocker Snider

14. W. African language

19. Symbol to mark for removal

23. __ Squad

24. Resident

25. Federal savings bank

26. Paddle

27. Returned material authorization (abbr.)

28. One point south of due east

29. Winter melon

34. Last or greatest in an indefinitely large series

35. Anger

36. Central European river

37. First responders

39. Spanish noble

40. Persons with absence of skin pigment

41. Defunct airline

42. Small island (British)

44. The extent of something from beginning to end

45. Capital of Bangladesh

46. Dutch cheese

47. Imitates

48. A contest of speed

51. Swiss river

52. Prejudice

53. Actor Idris

54. UNLV’s are Runnin’

58. Criticize

Cabin ReadeR | 17

Puzzle answers













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How to catch and release fish

Anglers who intend to release any of the fish they catch can boost the chances those fish will survive by following best practices for catch and release.

The Minnesota Department of Natural Resources advises to set the hook quickly to avoid hooking a fish in the stomach or gills.

Before handling the fish, wet your hands to prevent removal of the fish’s protective slime coating. If possible, unhook and release the fish while it is still in the water.

If a hook is deep in the fish, cut the line and leave the hook in the fish.

When holding the fish out of the water, support it with both hands using a firm, gentle grip. It is OK to measure the fish and take a photo; however, minimize the time the fish is out of the water. Anglers intending to release a fish should not place it on a stringer or in a live well.

To release a fish, hold it horizontally in the water by cradling it under its belly. If needed, revive the fish by slowly moving it forward and backward in the water until it swims away.

An alternative to this method is cupping your hand and splashing water into the fish’s mouth and out the gills while holding the fish stationary on the surface of the water.

Harvest a fish that can be legally kept if it is bleeding extensively or cannot right itself in the water.

The elusive walleye is the state fish

The walleye became the official state fish in 1965.

The walleye is the most sought-after fish in Minnesota. Its thick, white fillets, handsome shape and coloring, and elusive nature make it the ultimate prize among anglers.

This popular game fish is found throughout Minnesota in lakes and rivers.

Walleyes are most at home in the large,

clear, cool lakes of Minnesota’s northern forests.

Their eyes are sensitive to light, so they go to deep, dark waters during the day and move to shallow areas at night. It gets its name from its glassy eyes, which make it look “walleyed” – an old-fashioned word for blind.

The walleye is the largest member of the perch family in the U.S. The state record for walleye weighed 17 pounds, 8 ounces.

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The monarch is our state butterfly

A group of fourth graders in Mahtomedi, Minn. suggested the monarch as the state butterfly in 2000.

Monarch caterpillars appear to feed exclusively on milkweed, which grows throughout Minnesota.

The monarch is one of the few butterfly species that

migrates north and south like birds do. August is the best month to see them before they migrate south to Mexico. Approximately four generations of monarchs are born in Minnesota each summer and live roughly four weeks; the exception is the last generation of the season, which survives about six months. Each fall, members of this last generation migrate to Mexico and spend the winter in a state of semi-hibernation.

LOVE.” - NATE BERKUS, INTERIOR DESIGNER 54485 STATE HWY 34, OSAGE, MN 56570 218-573-3131 •

Hotdishes aren’t just for the winter months. On a rainy summer day they add a cozy ambience to the cabin. These recipes were submitted by local cooks to the Park Rapids Area Library.



1/4 cup vegetable oil

32-oz loose-pack, frozen, diced hash brown potatoes

1/2 cup chopped onion

10 75-oz can condensed cream of chicken soup

16 oz � light sour cream

2 cups diced cooked ham

8 oz American cheese, cubed

1/4 tsp black pepper

2 cups crushed corn flakes

1/4 cup melted butter

Preheat the oven to 350 degrees In a large ovenproof skillet, heat oil over medium-high heat � Cook potatoes in hot oil for 7 minutes Stir in onion and cook 3 minutes longer Stir in soup Add sour cream, ham, cheese, and pepper, stirring until well mixed Spoon into a


3-quart baking dish

In a medium bowl stir together corn flakes and butter; sprinkle over potato mixture Bake uncovered, for 45 to 50 minutes or until hot and bubbly Makes 12 servings


1 lb hamburger

1 cup chopped celer y

1 large onion

1 cup wild rice, rinsed

2 cups cold water

1 can mushrooms

4 Tbsp soy sauce

1 can water chestnuts

1 can cream of mushroom soup

1 can chicken with rice soup

Brown the hamburger Add chopped celer y and onion and cook until tender

Mix with 1 cup raw wild rice that has been rinsed Add the remainder of ingredients Bake uncovered at 350 degrees for 1 hour and 15 minutes, stirring occasionally� Sprinkle with chow mein noodles the last half hour of baking if desired


2 lbs round beef

1 and 1/2 tsp salt

1 tsp pepper

1 Tbsp butter

1/2 lb� sliced fresh mushrooms

2 medium onions, chopped

2 garlic cloves, minced

1/3 cup all-purpose flour

1 can (10 ½ oz�) condensed beef consommé, undiluted

2 Tbsp tomato paste

1 and 1/2 cups sour cream

Hot cooked noodles


In a large skillet, cook beef, salt and pepper over

medium heat until no longer pink, breaking into crumbles, 6-8 minutes and drain Transfer meat to a 3- or 4-quart slow cooker

In the same skillet, heat butter over medium-high heat� Add mushrooms and onions Cook and stir until onions are tender and mushrooms have released their liquid and begin to brown, 6-8 minutes Add garlic and cook 1 minute longer Transfer to the slow cooker

In a small bowl, whisk together consommé, flour and tomato paste Pour over meat mixture and stir to combine Cook, covered, on low until thickened 4-6 hours Stir in sour cream� Cook, covered, until heated

through, 15-30 minutes longer Serve with noodles�


Layer the following, lightly salting and peppering each layer:

Sliced raw potatoes

Sliced carrots

1 lb� hamburger, crumbled

1 can green beans, drained

1 onion, chopped

1 small head of cabbage, chopped

2 cans stewed tomatoes

Bake covered at 250 degrees for 3 hours or cook in a crock pot on low for about 10 hours Serve with hot French bread

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Minnesota hotdish

Curious tidbits about mosquitoes and ticks


► There are over 50 species of mosquito in Minnesota, and over 3,000 mosquito species worldwide.

► Mosquito eggs can survive for more than five years.

► One female mosquito can lay over 200 eggs at one time.

► Only female mosquitoes bite and take blood. Male mosquitoes feed only on plant nectar.

► Not all mosquito species bite people. Some prefer birds, orses or even frogs and turtles.

► All mosquitoes need water to complete their life cycle.

► A mosquito weighs about 2 to 2.5 milligrams.

► Mosquitoes can fly about 1 to 1.5 miles per hour.

► Mosquitoes find hosts by sight, by infrared radiation and by chemicals.

► Mosquitoes are the primary food for many birds and bats. One bat can eat 200 mosquitoes in one night and birds eat hundreds of mosquitoes every day. Without these mosquito predators, we would really have a mosquito problem!

Dog ticks and deer ticks

► American dog and deer ticks are just two of 13 known tick species in Minnesota. Deer ticks are potential carriers of Lyme disease, human anaplasmosis and babesiosis.

► Ticks are blood-sucking members of the arachnid family.

► American dog ticks feed on a wide variety of mammals, including mice, voles, chipmunks, raccoons, squirrels, dogs, cats and people.

► Male American dog ticks feed briefly but do not become distended with blood. Once replete, female dog ticks detach from their host and drop into a leaf litter, where they can lay over 4,000 eggs before dying.

► Deer ticks, also known as black-legged ticks, live about two years. Adult

females are the size of a sesame seed.

► Lyme disease is named for Lyme, Conn., where scientists first discovered the tickborne infection in 1975. Removing and avoiding ticks

► Use tweezers to grasp an attached tick close to its mouth. Gently and slowly pull the tick straight outward. Wash the area and apply an antiseptic to the bite. Ticks must remain attached for one to two days to transmit Lyme disease bacteria.

► When hiking in wooded areas, wear light-colored clothing so ticks will be more visible. Use a repellent containing DEET or permethrin. After being outdoors, get out of your clothes immediately and do a complete body check.

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Welcome to the mighty Mississippi’s headwaters

Minnesota’s oldest state park – Itasca State Park – was established on April 20, 1891 to preserve the old growth pine trees that were in danger of being logged.

More than half a million people visit Itasca State Park every year to see the giant pines and wade across the headwaters of the Mississippi River State Water Trail.

Park Rapids is the undisputed Gateway to Itasca State Park and the south entrance is a 22-mile drive from Park Rapids north on Hwy. 71. The east entrance is only a couple miles farther north of the south entrance, and then another mile or so west on Hwy. 200 – you’ll find it easily at the junction of Hwy. 71 and Hwy. 200.

Exploring the park

Itasca State Park encompasses Lake Itasca, the official source of the Mississippi River, and a scenic area of northern Minnesota that has remained relatively unchanged from its natural state.

Today, the park totals more than 32,000 acres and includes more than 100 lakes.

Stand under towering

pines at Preacher’s Grove. Visit the Itasca Indian Cemetery or Wegmann’s Cabin, landmarks of centuries gone by. Camp under the stars, or stay the night at the historic Douglas Lodge or cabins. Explore Wilderness Drive past the 2,000-acre Wilderness Sanctuary, one of Minnesota’s seven National Natural Landmarks.

Crossing the headwaters

The headwaters of the mighty Mississippi It’s hard to imagine America’s greatest

The stately Norway pine greets visitors

The Ojibwe refer to Norway, or red pines, as “grandfathers.”

When people think of the northwoods, they often think of the towering red pine.

In 1953, it became the official state tree of Minnesota in recognition of its important role in the state’s history, economy and environment. More than a century ago, loggers cut red pines and sent the logs downriver to build houses and businesses.

It’s called a red pine because of the pale red color of its

river as a burble, but if you venture to the Mississippi headwaters in Itasca State Park, you will be able to wade across Huck Finn’s favorite river as it starts its winding journey 2,552 miles to the Gulf of Mexico.

The Mary Gibbs Mississippi Headwaters Center offers outdoor displays, a restaurant and gift shop.

There are plenty of other activities to do at the park, including taking an excursion boat on Lake Itasca,

exploring along Wilderness Drive, biking or hiking along more than 30 miles of designated trails, fishing in one of the many lakes, observing the wild flowers in season as well as birding.

For more information about the park events and schedules, call Itasca State Park headquarters at 218699-7251, email or go to parks/itasca/index.html.

heartwood and the reddish tint of its bark.

Their needles are four to six inches long and grow in pairs. Red pines typically reach heights of 60 to nearly 150 feet. They can live to be about 400 years old.

Itasca State Park has one of the state’s largest stands of Norway pines –about 5,000 acres. The park once was home to the state’s tallest red pine, towering more than 120 feet tall and more than 300 years old. It was blown down during a severe windstorm in 2007.

24 | Cabin

Lakes country offers many opportunities to bike, run, walk, hike or inline skate with beautiful scenery.

Heartland Trail

An excellent place for running, biking, inline skating and walking. There are mile markers posted along the trail, which runs from Heartland Park in Park Rapids to Dorset (6.3 miles), Nevis (5.3 miles), Akeley (6.3 miles), Walker (9.4 miles), Wilkinson (12.5 miles) and ends two miles before Cass Lake (7.2 miles).

The hilly snowmobile trail alongside the Heartland Trail, with beautiful scenery and wildlife, is a great opportunity for horseback riding, mountain biking, running and walking.

Paul Bunyan State Trail

The Paul Bunyan Trail is

115 miles long, extending from Crow Wing State Park to Lake Bemidji State Park. It’s the longest of Minnesota’s state trails and the longest continuously paved rail-trail in the country.

The trail is open year-round to non-motorized use and snowmobile in the winter. In Walker, the route intersects with the Heartland Trail.

North Country Trail

The North Country National Scenic Trail is one of 11 National Scenic Trails in the U.S. and the only one in Minnesota.

The North Country Trail runs 4,600 miles from New York to North Dakota. Being open to foot traffic only, Minnesota’s footpaths hold unimpeded travel for hikers, berry pickers, hunters, geocachers, cross country skiers and snowshoers.

Short day hikes or overnight hikes are possible. Maps, events and suggested hikes are available at

Anyone walking this trail is in for a treat as it meanders through forested hills

and valleys interspersed with rivers, lakes, and numerous wetlands.

Later in the summer, you can be rewarded by finding wild strawberries, raspberries, blackberries and blueberries along the trail.

Cabin ReadeR | 25
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Take a

Minnesota is blessed with natural wild rice

Wild rice, called manoomin in the Ojibwe language, has been a staple food for Minnesota’s Native Americans for centuries.

Long before European settlers arrived in Minnesota, the Anishinaabe gathered wild rice to eat each year. Canoeing through grassy patches, they bent stalks over the canoe and gently tapped ripe seeds off the stems with special sticks. Many still harvest wild rice the traditional way.

It is an aquatic grass, not related to common rice.

Early in the summer, the plants bloom with tiny maroon and gold flowers. In August and September, their seeds mature into long, dark brown seeds.

Wild rice is commercially produced as a field crop on about 20,000 acres in Minnesota.

For many years, basically all of the wild rice produced in the world came from Minnesota, and most still does.

Wild rice grows naturally in the shallow waters of lakes in central and northern Minnesota

It was adopted as the official state grain in 1977.

Morel: The state’s favorite fungus

Morchella esculenta, commonly known as the morel, sponge or honeycomb mushroom, became the official state mushroom in 1984.

The morel is considered one of the most highly prized and delicious of all edible mushrooms.

They are creamy tan or shades of brown and gray (darkening as they age), with pitted, spongy heads, smooth stems and hollow interiors. It’s usually 2 to 6 inches high.

It grows from early May to early June among leaves or wood ashes in open woods, along roadsides and in partially shaded meadowland. Good places to find morels are near dead elm, cottonwood trees and old apple orchards.

26 | Cabin ReadeR HOURS: Mon-Sat 9AM-5PM Sunday Closed 210 South Main St. Park Rapids 218.732.3896 Monika Wilkins, Owner For class information go to cowork. create. connect. cowork. create. connect. OPEN 24 HOURS •100 8TH STREET E., PARK RAPIDS 218.732.2256 Services for Entrepreneurs, Small Business & Remote Workers SERVICES/AMENITIES WE OFFER: •Business planning assistance •Access to capital opportunities •Community of entrepreneurs •High Speed Internet Access •Basic Office Supplies •Coffee/Pop/Water •Social Area •Networking/Collaboration •Peer Support •Mentoring (formal & informal) •Training and support programs Tuesday - Friday: 7am - 2pm • Saturday: 7am - 12pm Closed Sunday and Monday 111 Main St NE, Menahga MN (218) 564-4170 Follow us on Facebook for seasonal specialties Fresh & Homemade • Donuts • Breads • Pastries • Cookies • Cupcakes
Cabin ReadeR | 27 SMALL TOWN, BIG EVENTS! June 9 ....................Nevis Lions Fish Fry June 10 ..................Cirk’s Fishing Tournament June 11 ...................Sites ‘N Bites June 24 ..................Water Ski Show July 8 .....................Water Ski Show July 21-22 ..............Muskie Days Festival August 5 ...............Citywide Garage Sale August 5 ...............Water Ski Show August 12 ..............Northwoods Triathlon September 3 ........Pig Roast/Live Music/Fundraiser event For event updates, go to Experience thesmalltowncharm! le On & Off Sal OFF SALE- LIQUOR STORE Great Selection of Beer, Wine & Spirits Save 10% on: Military Mondays Wine Down Wednesdays Senior Thursdays Main Street, Nevis • (218) 652-9910 • Happy Hour Mon-Fri. 3-6pm • Heggies Pizza • Pull Tabs • TRIVIA - Tuesdays 7pm • BINGO - Wednesdays 6pm • MEAT RAFFLE - Fridays 6pm • OUTDOOR BEER GARDEN • LIVE MUSIC (call for schedule) Nevis Muni - Full Bar Open 7 Days a Week Experience the small town charm! WATER LILY COLUMBINE PURPLE CONE FLOWER SPIDER WORT IRIS FIREWEED TRILLIUM COMMONY ARROW DOWNY YELLOW VIOLET BLACK EYE SUSAN Common wildflowers of MN

Ducks of Minnesota

Wood duck

Size: About 20 inches, 1-1/2 pounds

Colorful wood ducks nest in hollow trees throughout Minnesota, near wooded river bottoms and potholes, flooded hardwood forests and lakes where nuts, berries, weed seeds, insects, and plants are available� Their willingness to use man-made nest boxes has helped bring wood ducks back from the brink of extinction

Identification: Broad wings and a long square tail Drakes have a blue-green crested head with white stripes, reddish-brown breast, buff sides and red eyes Hens are brown with white speckled breast, crested head, and white eye ring

Sounds: The hen’s “wee-e-e-e-k, wee-e-e-e-k” whistle is commonly heard�

Fun facts: Wood ducks, also called woodies, have a strong grip and can perch on branches�


Size: About 24 inches, 2-1/2 to 3 pounds

Popular with both hunters and birdwatchers, the wideranging mallard is often seen in rural and urban wetlands, ponds, and lakes throughout Minnesota� They eat sedge seeds, grasses, knotweed, aquatic plants and insects, corn, grains, snails and wild rice

Identification: A large paddle duck with a blue patch on the wing Drakes have a distinctive glossy

Don’t feed bread to waterfowl

Many people think they are helping ducks by tossing them some bread, but according to an article in the National Geographic Education Blog, bread offers little nutritional benefit to ducks� There is also the danger that ducks and other waterfowl will fill up on bread instead of other foods that could be more beneficial to them

Eating food tossed into the water may also keep ducklings from learning how to forage healthy food for themselves

In addition, ducks who eat a diet high in carbohydrates and protein diet may develop a wing deformity known as “angel wing” or “airplane wing ” This is a condition where the last joint on the wing is distorted, causing the end feathers to stick out sideways This prevents the bird from flying and the condition is incurable in adults

green head and white neck collar Hens are mostly brown Both sexes look like females in the summer

Sounds: Hens use a loud, long series of quacks Drakes have a lowpitched “wheat” call

Fun facts: Mallards swim with their tail held above the water, so they can spring directly into the air when threatened

Blue-winged teal

Size: About 15 inches, one pound

This fast-flying paddle duck travels in flocks and breeds in prairie areas during the spring Sensitive to cold, they migrate south sooner than most ducks in Minnesota They like to eat aquatic insects, weed seeds and plants

A high-protein diet may also cause the wing bones to grow too fast, making the wing too heavy for the joint

Throwing bread in the water may also attract predators and grow mold or harmful algal blooms that make ducks and other water birds sick� Popcorn should also not be fed to ducks, swans or geese

Ducks are omnivores who eat a variety of plants, small fish and fish eggs, frogs, insects, algae, and aquatic plants

Foods listed on the National Geographic blog as being safe to feed ducks include peas, kale, lettuce, cabbage, cucumber, corn, and broccoli For a complete list of foods and a variety of other educational information, visit the National Geographic Education Blog�

Identification: A very small duck with a small black bill� Drakes have a white facial crescent, chestnut spots on the breast, and pale blue wing patches Hens are gray-brown with pale blue wing patches�

Sounds: A faint “tsee-tsee” call and a high-pitched quack�

Fun facts: Cinnamon teal look nearly identical to their bluewinged cousins until spring, when both species grow their distinctive breeding plumage�

Ring-necked duck

Size: About 16 inches, 1-3/4 pounds

Ringnecked ducks breed mostly in Minnesota’s northwestern counties, preferring small bodies of water such as wooded potholes They eat only plant material,

favoring wild rice and sago pondweed�

Identification: A small diving duck with bright yellow eyes, dark body and wings, a brown neck ring and a white ring on the front of its bill Drakes are mostly black Hens are dark brown

Sounds: Hens have a highpitched purr

Fun facts: The ring-necked duck is also known as a ringbill


Size: About 14 inches and 13


The bufflehead is a beautiful little duck that nests in abandoned flicker holes in aspen parkland from extreme northwestern Minnesota to Saskatchewan They forage underwater for insects, plants, crustaceans, mollusks and fish eggs

Identification: This species has a distinctive head shape caused by a puff of feathers Drakes have white chest and flanks, iridescent green and purple face and a large white patch on the head Hens are brownish with a white patch on the cheek

Sounds: Drakes have a grating or chattering mating call and may squeal or growl� Hens have a guttural “cuk-cuk-cuk” and summon their ducklings with a low, throaty note

Fun facts: Also known as a spirit duck, the bufflehead is very monogamous and migrates punctually� Gathering in small groups, one duck acts as a sentry while others dive for food

28 | Cabin ReadeR *Dine In *Take Out *Events *Parties *Catering Lake Alice, MN | 218-699-3403 Open NOON to 9pm Wednesday thru Saturday Gas • Diesel • Propane Gas Station • Convenience Store Open 7 Days A Week at 6am AKELEY CENEX Fishing Licenses Live Bait ATV Trail Access Premium Gas (non-oxygenated) Located On EAST EDGE OF AKELEY Hwy 34 E. (218) 652-2665
Photos contributed by Minnesota Department of Natural Resources

Tap into turtle knowledge and protect this troubled species

Nine different turtle species live in Minnesota, but the snapping turtle and painted turtle are the most common in northern Minnesota.

The Minnesota Department of Natural Resources reports, “Fossil records show that turtles have been on our planet since the Triassic Period, over 220 million years ago. Although they have persisted through many tumultuous periods of Earth’s history – from glaciations to continental shifts – they are now disappearing from the planet at an alarming rate: Over 45% of turtle species are identified as threatened or endangered worldwide.”

In Minnesota, about 44% of turtle species are listed as

threatened or “species of special concern.”

The snapping turtle is Minnesota’s largest turtle. As an adult, its upper shell (carapace) averages 8-14 inches in length, and its weight ranges from 10-35 lbs.

Snapping turtles occur in virtually all aquatic habitats throughout the state, but prefer slow-moving, quiet waters with muddy bottoms and dense vegetation. They are common and often abundant in lakes, rivers, and marshes.

Their head is large, with large and powerful jaws, and their neck is long. The snapping turtle is usually docile in the water, but can be aggressive when it is on land, often lunging forward and striking out to “snap” at

its foe.

Painted turtles are medium-sized, oval turtles. The females grow to 10 inches in length, while the males only grow to 7 inches long.

The painted turtle’s carapace ranges from black to dark olive green. The carapace is smooth and shiny. The plastron varies from red to orange with differing amounts of black patterning.

Other species that may be seen in Hubbard County are the Blanding’s turtle and spiny softshell turtle

Other parts of Minnesota are home to the false map turtle, wood turtle, Ouachita turtle and northern map

Help turtles cross the road

The Minnesota Department of Natural Resources offers this advice:

• Leave them alone if they are not in danger

Turtles crossing roads in late-May and June are often moving to familiar nesting They know where they are going

• Don’t put yourself or others in danger Simply pulling off the road and turning on your hazard lights may alert other drivers to slow down

• If you decide to help the turtle cross the road, turn on your signal, slowly pull off the road, turn on your hazard lights and watch for approaching traffic

• Pick up the turtle by the back of its shell, NOT by the tail Picking up a turtle by the tail can damage their spinal cord

• Snapping turtles can be moved with a snow shovel� Other options include picking them up by their hind legs or having them bite down on a stick and carefully dragging them to safety

• Move the turtle in the direction it is heading� Do not relocate the turtle to a new area, even if the habitat seems unsuitable�

• Wash your hands after handling a turtle

Sunday Mass

Saturday: 5pm

Sunday: 8:30am

Check our website for Daily Mass times.

Cabin ReadeR | 29
OUR MISSION IS TO HELP PEOPLE KNOW THE COMPASSIONATE, LOVING, FORGIVING GOD St. Peter The Apostle Catholic Church 305 W. 5th St. Park Rapids • • (218)732-5142
St. Mary’s Catholic Church Website: 55744 County Hwy 44 • Park Rapids, MN 218-732-4046
Mass 10:00am Memorial Day thru Labor Day Mass in Grotto weather permitting
contributed by Minnesota Department of Natural Resources




All of us areonaunique journey; we each face different challenges. But life is better together -sharing in both the struggles and celebrations. You’re welcome here, no matter where you are in your spiritual journey.

Ourvisionistotransformourhomes ,C ommunity ,a ndwo rld by purs ingGod, buildingcommunity ,a ndunleas hi ngcompas siononeneighborhood at at ime.

Ourvisionistotransformourhomes ,C ommunity ,a ndwo rld by purs ingGod, buildingcommunity ,a ndunleas hi ngcompas siononeneighborhood at at ime.

Ourvisionistotransformourhomes ,C ommunity ,a ndwo rld by purs ingGod, buildingcommunity ,a ndunleas hi ngcompas siononeneighborhood at at ime.


Families matter and we’ll do everything we can to support you and encourage your kids.

We believe in building into the next generation, as they have the power to change the future.

JOIN US For current service times, visit us at 16623 State 87 Park Rapids, MN 56470 Located 6 miles south of Park Rapids

Lie on your back and watch the stars go by

What better way to watch the stars than on your back with hands tucked behind your head?

Let me suggest you face south. That way you’re aligned with the meridian, an imaginary semi-circle that starts at the due south point of the southern horizon, passes directly overhead and then intersects the northern horizon at the due north point. Stars rise in the east (your left side) and set in the west (your right side).

Earth’s the best spaceship there ever was. You don’t have to suit up – at least not in the northern hemisphere – the atmospheric pressure is just right and the view is more expansive than staring out the window of a starship.

From many locations, brilliant Vega stands almost directly overhead as soon as it gets dark around 9-9:30 p.m. This diamond-white gem shines at magnitude 0 from a distance of 150 trillion miles, equal to 25 light years.

Vega stands in such contrast to the constellation it heads up, Lyra the Harp.

All five stars that scrunch together to make the tiny harp or lyre are 4th magnitude and faint.

Cygnus the Swan, also called the Northern Cross, lights up the sky about two fists to the left or east of Lyra. Its brightest star is Deneb at the top of the Cross. At the foot is a dimmer star named Albireo, one of summer’s most beautiful double stars. You can’t split with the naked eye but a 10x pair of binoculars held rock-steady can do.

Near the bottom of what you can see while on your back and four fists below Deneb you’ll spy Altair, the brightest star in Aquila the Eagle and third member of the Summer Triangle, an asterism of three bright stars that includes Deneb and Vega. A fist and a half above and to the left (east) of Altair is another faint group of stars shaped like a diamond with a tail. That’s Delphinus the


Dolphin frozen in mid-leap.

If you now return to Vega and look up as far as you can, you’ll see a trapezoid of stars that outlines the head of Draco the Dragon. The faintest star in the pattern is a sweet double star in any pair of binoculars called Nu Draconis. It’s an “equal pair” — two stars of matching brightness and color.

“Astro” Bob King is a freelance writer for the Duluth News Tribune Read more of his work at duluthnewstribune�com/astrobob�

Aune’s Kauppala


Cabin ReadeR | 31 Antique Hwy. 71 & Co. Rd. 4 Lk George, MN (Call or check online for hours) Paula: 218-407-7002 Vern: 218-461-6864 High Quality Antique Furniture, Glassware, Lamps, Clocks, Original Art, Ford Model T & A Parts April - November Find us on Facebook 25-50% OFF GOING OUT OF BUSINESS SALE! ANTIQUES & COLLECTIBLES Primitives, glassware/pottery, furniture, books, comics, jewelry, garden art, etc. Open 10:00am-4:30pm Monday- Saturday (may vary) Hwy 34 Downtown Akeley 612-720-8833 Antique Furniture and Collectibles, Building Materials, Tools & Sporting Goods Open Monday - Friday 9-5 and Saturday 9 -3 Free pickup and delivery 218-237-8523 320 Career Path Drive, Park Rapids Off of Hwy 34 East, Behind AmericInn Retail Store and Gallery 113 Main Ave. S, Park Rapids 218-237-8516 Open All Year Monday - Friday 10am - 4:45pm Saturday 10 am - 3:45 pm Visit our online store at (Still selling antiques & collectibles on line and at The Depot) Hours: Now thru Labor Day Wed. - Sat. 10-5, Sun. 1-5 Join us for Snellman Days Sat. Sept. 2nd Open Weekends only: Labor Day - Deer Hunting 218-841-4727 • Hwy. 34, Snellman Near Smoky Hills State Forest, 18 mi. West of Park Rapids
Floral Baskets & Potted Floral Plants
Rugs • Boutique Room
• Decorative Items
BOB KING Astro Bob
32 | Cabin ReadeR Visit the Winery in the Woods Visit the Winery in the Woods Art•Food•Wine•Live Music 22ND ANNUAL ART FAIR at the WINERY Sat. & Sun., Aug. 19 & 20, 2023 Also available at area liquor stores and on our website ~ Our award-winning wines are handcrafted from the fruits & berries of the north. Stop in for a sip, take home a bottle! Tasting Room & Gallery 13 miles North of Akeley on Hwy. 64 25 miles South of Bemidji •218-224-3535 ®