HOOKED ON FLY TyING Love of fishing drives local hobbyist
Jeff Mosner ties a panfish lure that looks like a bumblebee, surrounded by his tools and materials in the kitchen of his home on Peysenske Lake. He usually ties flies in a garage workshop. (Robin Fish / Park Rapids Enterprise)
By Robin Fish
r email@example.com For one local outdoorsman, tying ﬂies is a late-winter activity that keeps him connected with his ﬁrst love. “I’m a ﬂy ﬁsherman ﬁrst,” said Peysenske Lake resident Jeﬀ Mosner, 64. “That’s what drove my need to tie ﬂies.” Mosner discovered the natural link between the two activities at an early age. “My dad gave me a ﬂy rod when I was probably about 12, taught me how to ﬂy ﬁsh,” he said. “Then you’d be casting, and you’d sometimes lose ﬂies in trees. It got kind of expensive, and for a 12, 13-yearold kid, you don’t have that much money, and so I got into ﬂy tying.” Though he learned casting from his father, his ﬂy-tying skills are self-taught. “I got some books at the library and accumulated some material and started tying my own,” said Mosner. “I’ve been tying a long time.” In the popular mind, fed on ﬁlms like “A River Runs Through It,” ﬂy ﬁshing is for trout streams. “I love to ﬂy ﬁsh,” said Mosner. “A lot of people think ﬂy ﬁshing is all about trout. It probably started with trout many years ago, and it’s a really old sport, but you can catch anything on a ﬂy. So, even though we don’t have a lot of trout here – there’s some in the Straight River, and I have ﬁshed there with mediocre
success – lakes around here are full of panﬁsh and bass and northern pike, and you can catch all those with ﬂies. It’s a lot of fun.” With the possibility of catching diﬀerent kinds of ﬁsh, besides trout, comes the need for diﬀerent kinds of ﬂies. Based on what each kind of ﬁsh likes to eat, Mosner ties ﬂies in a variety of sizes and patterns, using materials such as turkey and chicken feathers (dyed or in their natural colors), squirrel and deer hair, chenille and synthetic ﬁbers, all wound around a ﬁshhook with ﬁne thread to hold down each layer of material. Some ﬂies have tiny, BB-like beads for eyes, dragonﬂy-striped tails, or tiny bright-colored corks with eyes painted on. “You’re imitating what their foods are,” he explained, pointing to samples of his work. “Panﬁsh love to eat bugs, and so you’ve got little bugs like this. Same thing with trout. With some of those, they’re imitating ﬂies and bugs. Others are actually imitating minnows. With bass, they’ll eat a variety of minnows, and you’ve also got kind of a leech-like imitation, because they like leeches. Bass like frogs, so here you’ve got frog imitations. There are some pike ﬂies that I just started tying, and they’re imitating a big minnow, maybe a perch or something like that.” Tools and techniques Some of Mosner’s frog imitations are made by a special technique of spinning deer a bristly puﬀ of Continued on page 7
Inside this issue... 2 2 3 4 4 5 5
Could you have diabetes?
Don't believe the hype against bananas
Connecting with Social Security How to grow your own champion tree Still visit those who no longer recognize you At the crossroads: When to stop driving? Is your cat getting enough water? Get to know these women in the wine industry
Could you have diabetes? The Savvy Senior BY JIM MILLER Columnist Dear Savvy Senior, My brother and his wife, who are ages 60 and 56, were recently diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, and prediabetes, and neither one had a clue. Could I have it too? Concerned Sibling Dear Concerned, According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention nearly 115 million Americans have diabetes or prediabetes today, but most of them don’t even know they have it. Here’s how to know if you’re at risk. The problem with diabetes is that most people don’t start thinking about it until they’re diagnosed, and that’s too late. Diabetes is a disease that develops over decades. Most people have prediabetes for a long time before the disease becomes full-blown type 2 diabetes, and even then it progresses gradually. That leaves a big window in which to stop, slow or reverse the disease. Diabetes occurs when the pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin to remove sugar from the bloodstream. Excess blood sugar damages blood vessels and aﬀects circulation, putting you at risk for
a host of ailments, from heart attack and stroke to blindness, kidney failure and nerve damage.
go to the drug store, buy a blood glucose meter and test yourself at home.
Are you at risk? If you answer “yes” to any of the following questions, your odds of developing diabetes increases. • Are you over age 45? • Are you overweight? • Do you have high blood pressure – 140/90 or higher? • Do you have a parent or sibling with diabetes? • Are you sedentary? • Are you African American, Hispanic/Latino American, Native American, Asian American, Paciﬁc Islander, or Alaska native? • Did you develop gestational diabetes during pregnancy? To help you determine your risk of developing diabetes, take the free online quiz at Diabetes.org/ risk-test.jsp.
Some top options, recommended by Consumer Reports, include FreeStyle Freedom Lite, Bayer Contour Next, True Metrix Blood Glucose Meter, OneTouch UltraMini, and the ReliOn (Wal-Mart) Micro, which all cost under $25. If you ﬁnd that you are prediabetic or diabetic, you need to see your doctor to develop a plan to get it under control. In many cases lifestyle changes like losing weight, exercising, eating a healthy diet and cutting back on carbohydrates may be all you need to do to get your diabetes under control. For others who need more help, many medications are available. For more information on diabetes or to ﬁnd help, join a lifestyle change program recognized by the CDC (see CDC.gov/diabetes/prevention) that oﬀers in-person and online programs in more than 1,400 locations throughout the U.S. Over the course of a year, a coach will help you eat healthy, increase your physical activity and develop new habits
Get tested If you ﬁnd that you’re at risk for diabetes, there are three diﬀerent tests your doctor can give you to diagnosis it. The most common is the “fasting plasma glucose test,” which requires an eight-hour fast before you take it. There’s also the “oral glucose tolerance test” to see how your body processes sugar, and the “hemoglobin A1C test” that measures your average blood sugar over the past three months. It can be taken anytime regardless of when you ate. Most private health insurance plans and Medicare cover diabetes tests, however, if you’re reluctant to visit your doctor to get tested, an alternative is to
Send your senior questions to: Savvy Senior, P.O. Box 5443, Norman, OK 73070, or visit SavvySenior.org. Jim Miller is a contributor to the NBC Today show and author of “The Savvy Senior” book.
Connecting with Social Security Social Security BY MICKIE DOUGLAS Social Security Public Affairs Specialist Every day thousands do business with Social Security. We strive to oﬀer the kind of services that meet people’s needs. And sometimes you want fast and direct answers over the phone. We have that option. You can call us toll free at 1-800-772-1213. Social Security oﬀers some automated services that allow people to receive service without waiting to speak to a representative. The automated services are
available 24 hours a day and include some of the most popular services that people need. With automated services, you can request a beneﬁt veriﬁcation (proof of income) letter, replace a lost SSA-1099 (tax summary needed for taxes), request a replacement Medicare card, ask for form SSA-1020 to apply for help with Medicare prescription drug costs, or request an SS-5 application for a Social Security card.
When our automated services ask such things as “How can I help you?,” just say, “Get a proof of income letter” or “Replace Medicare card.” Next, you will be asked for some personal information to identify yourself, then we will respond to your request. We will mail you the document or form you requested. It takes less time to use automated services than to reach a representative by phone on a busy day. Sometimes, you just need Social Security information, such as “What date will my check arrive?” or “What is the SSI program?” Automated services feature some informational messages about these popular topics. If
HATE YOUR CPAP? Learn About an Alternative to CPAP
406 Pleasant Avenue, Park Rapids
payment delivery date is the type of info you need, when asked “How can I help you?” just reply “Payment delivery date.” You will hear a recorded message stating the current month and the future month’s payment dates. Other topics include direct deposit, SSI messages, the cost-of-living adjustment, Medicare prescription drug program, tax information, representative payee, and fraud. Dial, and listen — what a simple way to stay informed. Whether you use our automated services,
speak to a representative by phone, use our website, or visit an oﬃce, Social Security wants to connect with you. Connection is a vital part of helping you secure your today and tomorrow. To connect with us through our automated services, visit http://www.socialsecurity.gov/agency/ contact/phone.html. Since 2003, Mickie Douglas has served as a Social Security Public Aﬀairs Specialist. She works with the media, government agencies, businesses, groups and
organizations to help them learn how Social Security works. She started at Social Security in 1976 and have had several jobs since then. Her column is intended to help readers learning the answers to frequently asked questions and develop a solid understanding of how Social Security’s beneﬁts and programs can beneﬁt you, your family and friends.
HEALTH PLANS FOR SMALL BUSINESS I’m an independent agent who can work with you to make sure you’ve got the right health plan for you and your employees. Please contact me to set up a no-obligation consultation.
Blue Partner Authorized independent agent/agency for Blue Cross® and Blue Shield ® of Minnesota and Blue Plus®, nonprofit independent licensees of the Blue Cross and Blue Shield Association.
How to grow your own champion tree Growing Together BY DON KINZLER Columnist Wheaties might be the breakfast of champions, but it’s hardly the secret formula behind our region’s champion trees. Recent news reports have featured several of the region’s largest trees, termed champions on oﬃcial registries kept by forestry departments in North Dakota, South Dakota and Minnesota. How can we get the trees in our yards to grow like that: large and long-lived? North Dakota’s largest tree is a huge cottonwood located in a pasture near Portland that is 105 feet tall with a canopy spread of 92 feet and a 30-foot circumference. Minnesota’s largest tree is a 33-foot circumference cottonwood near Watson. The largest trees aren’t necessarily the oldest, as some species grow larger at a younger age. For example, North Dakota’s largest cottonwood is estimated to be about 200 years old. But trunk core borings of living bur oak trees in North Dakota have found individuals more than 450 years old, even though they might not be the largest size. Oaks grow medium-slow, but have very long lifespans. How long can a tree live? Theoretically they can live forever, as there’s no built-in kill switch. But practically, trees live until something goes wrong. Although most trees coexist ﬁne with a few insects and leaf diseases, some pests do kill trees. Often trees are ﬁrst weakened by other forces like drought, human activity or herbicides, and then secondary invaders ﬁnish them oﬀ. As a general rule of thumb, slower-growing tree species tend to be stronger and longer-lived. What can we do to help our trees live long, healthy lives? Tree care can be separated into do’s and don’ts. Because more homeyard trees are killed by human activity than insects and diseases, the don’ts have the greatest impact. Don’ts of tree care Don’t harm trees with improper use of lawn weed killers. Herbicides that kill broadleaf lawn weeds can also kill trees, and it’s usually sneaky instead of a direct kill. University of Nebraska researchers indicate that if you can smell the chemical in the air after spraying, area trees are likely being damaged from airborne molecules as leaves also ‘smell’ and absorb the chemical. Trees are especially aﬀected if exposed to lawn herbicide misuse year after year. Growth slows, the leafy canopy thins and the tree’s system becomes depressed as its internal energy decreases. Lawn herbicide misuse in this slow decline often goes undiagnosed.
Small wounds from mowers and string trimmers accumulate over time causing a gradual decline in tree health. (Dave Wallis / The Forum) Lawn herbicides containing the active ingredient dicamba are especially dangerous to trees. Dicamba moves downward in the soil, entering the tree’s roots, where the poison is taken internally into the tree. Tree roots occupy a wider lateral spread than most of us might imagine. Roots spread outward from the trunk at least one-and-one-half the tree’s height. An average 40-foot high tree has roots extending at least 60 feet from the trunk in all directions. The lateral root system extends out beyond the tree’s leafy canopy about two to three times the canopy’s area. If a yard has trees, most of the lawn is underlain with a network of roots. If dicamba is sprayed on the grass over this root network, trees can suﬀer lasting damage. Nicking the trunk’s bark with lawnmowers and string trimmers might seem harmless, but it causes serious problems. The tree’s lifeblood cambium is a very thin layer directly under the outer bark. Scarring tree bark can easily damage the cambium, which is the tree’s life-supporting growth area. Damage is cumulative, and over time a tree can become weaker, thinner canopied and less vigorous, easily shortening its life. Insects and diseases often prey on weakened trees whose resistance is diminished after years of exposure to lawn chemicals and bark injury. Avoiding misuse of lawn chemicals and being cautious when mowing and trimming can help a tree remain healthy and better able to win insect and disease battles. Don’t overwater trees, especially when watering
lawns with sprinkler systems. Soggy soil can quickly kill many tree species. Do’s of tree care • Use lawn weed sprays carefully, avoiding dicamba on lawns where trees are present. Examine product active ingredients. Check labels for amine forms of 2,4-D, which are safer than the more volatile ester forms. • Apply tree wrap protectors around the trunks of young and thin-barked trees every fall to prevent winter sunscald injury and animal damage, and remove in spring. • Growth can be enhanced by applying well-balanced tree and shrub fertilizer in the spring. Don’t fertilize after July 4, as late-stimulated, tender growth can winterkill. •Water established trees deeply, and less often. A good soaking every few weeks is plenty in the absence of rain. • Mulch around trees with a circular layer of wood products 5 feet in diameter, 5 inches thick, and kept 5 inches away from the trunk. Don Kinzler, a lifelong gardener, worked as an NDSU Extension horticulturist and owned Kinzler’s Greenhouse in Fargo. Readers can reach him at firstname.lastname@example.org. He also blogs at http://growingtogether.areavoices.com.
Buy Factory Direct! Avoid Funeral Home & Salesman Commission! For advertising information, please call Park Rapids at 218-732-3364 To subscribe, send payment $19.95 per year, name, address and phone number to Generations. Circulation 203 Henrietta Ave N., Park Rapids, MN 56470.
BUY THIS MONUMENT $895.00
Ness Granite Works
3 miles N. on Hwy 59, Detroit Lakes
Still visit those who no longer recognize you Minding Our Elders BY CAROL BURSACK Columnist Dear Carol: My dad has late-stage Alzheimer’s and is in a nursing home in our community where he seems to be receiving good care. Mom is with him every day. He no longer recognizes either of us, but Mom says that he is her husband and she will be there with him. I respect and understand that. I’m married and have a full-time job and three children who are in many activities so it’s not easy for me to take the time to visit my dad. He doesn’t recognize me so I don’t know how important my visits are anyway, but Mom thinks that it matters to Dad. I do want to see him, even though it’s painful, so I feel guilty if I don’t go at least once a week, but I balance the normal chaos of working and raising children along with making it a point to see Dad. Should I still visit even though he won’t remember? – GT Dear GT, I understand how busy you must be. I, too, was the mother of young children while providing care for the older generation. Juggling the needs of so many people is diﬃcult, and no matter what we do there’s often guilt because we feel that one of the generations is being cheated of our time while we care for the other. Still, I have to say to you, yes, it’s important to visit your dad, for his sake, for your mom’s sake and for your sake. The fact that your mom is with your dad daily takes a lot of pressure oﬀ of you as far as your dad’s
advocacy needs, but it's still good to have a second set of eyes on him to make certain that he’s getting the kind of care you think he is. Aside from that, your mom needs your support and, even though she may not be aware of these feelings, you are modeling the kind of attention that you’ll pay to her when she becomes less able to care for herself. Perhaps most important, in my view at least, is the fact that we really can’t know how much people who are no longer able to show recognition of a loved one takes in. If I were in your shoes, I wouldn’t want to take a chance on whether or not my dad understood that I was there with him, because awareness doesn’t always show. Perhaps your dad recognizes your voice or your touch. There’s truly no way for you to know, so I believe that it’s important to keep showing up. You are also doing this for you. When your dad is
gone, you’ll want to look back and know that you did what you could for your dad under the circumstances that you are faced with. You shouldn’t neglect your children, your husband, or even yourself. However, these visits are important. I urge you to continue them. Eventually, you’ll think back and be glad that you did. This article is made possible with Older Americans Act dollars from the Land of the Dancing Sky Area Agency on Aging. Call the Senior LinkAge® One Stop Shop at 800-333-2433 to speak with an information specialist, or check out our website at MinnesotaHelp.info. MinnesotaHelp.info is an online directory of services designed to help people in Minnesota ﬁnd human services, information and referral, ﬁnancial assistance, and other forms of help.
At the crossroads: When to stop driving Boomers on the Move BY KARIN HAUGRUD Columnist
Our alternative living environment is designed for the Senior adult who finds difficulty in living alone. Rose • Private rooms, double rooms are Haven available 37 - Sixth St. S.E. • • Nutritious meals Menahga, MN 56464 • Household service 218-564-4268 • Supervision as needed • Transportation A Caring & • RN on staff Supportive Assisted Living • Organized activities • A safe, protective environment. Community Public funds are available to assist those with limited income and resources.
This article is made possible with Older Americans Act dollars from the Land of the Dancing Sky Area Agency on Aging. Call the Senior LinkAge® One Stop Shop at 800-333-2433 to speak with an information specialist, or check out our website at MinnesotaHelp.info. MinnesotaHelp.info is an online directory of services designed to help people in Minnesota ﬁnd human services, information and referral, ﬁnancial assistance, and other forms of help.
LOOKING FOR HEALTH INSURANCE? We Have What You’re Looking For! Quality, Trusted Companies and Plans. Experienced, Knowledgeable Agent. Hands on Personal Service Right Here When You Need Us We Care About What Matters To You - Let Me Help You Find A Plan That’s Right For Your Budget: Medicare Plans • Medicare Rx (Part D) MnSure and Individual/Family Coverage Short Term Plans • Group Plans for Employers
Guiding the insurance needs of customers like you since 1951 Kathy Anderson, Agent
AVENSON Insurance Agency 732-7217 • 1-800-726-3758
217 - 2nd Street West, Park Rapids
With people living longer and Baby Boomers turning gray, the number of people behind the wheel who are in their 70s, 80s and 90s will increase signiﬁcantly in the coming years. Everybody wants to remain independent and continue to drive for as long as possible. No one wants to be a threat to themselves or to others when they are no longer able to drive safely. Some older drivers are able to recognize these functional changes on their own and take adaptive or self-restricting measures that moderate their declines as safe drivers; other individuals will lack this level of self-awareness and will continue to drive. People who drive at reduced skill levels will be at a greater risk for crashes, with potentially serious consequences for themselves and others. While most people take appropriate steps when they detect a problem with their driving, it's not always obvious when a general health problem, vision problems or a side eﬀect of medications lead to a driving impairment. That's when the observations of loved ones and health professionals are most vital. As we grow older, we do not turn into bad drivers. Some remain good drivers, regardless of age. Others simply have changes in their ability to handle a car safely. These may include physical changes in our bodies, changes in the way we think, health problems and some medications. As people age, our joints may stiﬀen, our muscles weaken and our ability to respond quickly to certain situations slows. Turning our head to look back or steering and braking the car may become hard to do. Movements are slower and may not be as accurate. Being able to see is a vital part of driving. Unfor-
tunately, age brings changes in the lens of the eye. Eyes need more light in order to see and are more sensitive to glare. The ability to see things on the edge of the viewing area – peripheral vision – narrows. Vision problems may include cataracts, macular degeneration and glaucoma. Self-awareness is the key. People who can accurately assess their ﬁtness to drive can adjust their driving habits and stay safe on the road. With smart self-management, you can retain the personal mobility that comes with driving, while limiting the risks to yourself and others. When an older adult is no longer behind the wheel, the most common transportation mode is riding in a car as a passenger. Asking for and accepting rides from family and friends can be diﬃcult for an older person, particularly a person raised in the tradition of independence and self-suﬃciency. If you are unsure of your performance to operate a vehicle, ask a trusted friend or family member to monitor your driving. The decision to stop driving is a tough one, but most of us want to make a responsible choice that protects ourselves and others.
Is your cat getting enough water? Pet Companions BY CECELIA MICHAELS Columnist Cats need plenty of water to maintain healthy kidneys. If you only feed a dry diet, be sure to have fresh water available at all times. Dry food contains less than .03 oz. of water, and therefore your cat will need drink approximately 8 ounces of water each day. Do you know if your cat is drinking enough water? One way to ﬁnd out: measure 16 ounces of water in the cat’s bowl each day. If he or she consumes half the water, then great! But, if you ﬁnd your cat is drinking in excess of more than 8 ounces, this could be a sign of kidney disease or infection. I once had a cat with a kidney infection, and some symptoms are very noticeable. It’s so easy to put this aside and forgo the veterinarian. Don’t delay. It’s an easy test and you need to catch this early. I was able to catch urine from my cat in the kitty litter box using a long spoon. It was quite fascinating and awkward to say the least. This not necessary, by the way. These were the obvious signs I noticed: My cat avoided the cat box or urinated over the side of the box; Loss of weight; Fatigue; Consumed large amounts of water. Other signs you may see: loss of appetite, vomiting or bad breath. What if he’s drinking very little water? This may cause dehydration. Check your cat’s skin elasticity by squeezing his or her skin between the shoulder
blades. The skin should bounce back pretty quickly, usually within a second or two. Again, I can’t stress this enough, if your cat has signs of dehydration, please see your veterinarian. If you feed primarily canned food, your cat will only need to drink small amounts of water. Wet food has approximately 80 percent water content; therefore, drinking 3 to 4 teaspoons per day is perfectly normal. When I feed wet food, I like to add even more water. Make it a bit soupy. When a cat is consuming only a diet of starch and sugar (kibble), it will lead to many problems. A good mix of food for your cat would be canned and kibble. Some experts believe raw once per week is also
necessary. Cats are hunters by natural instinct, and that mouse or bird they consume is a good source of sustenance. One thing to remember, when feeding canned food combined with kibble, do not have an endless amount of kibble in the bowl. Measure the correct amount each day to avoid creating a portly kitty, and prevent extra padding on the belly, or what I like to call a dunlap! Cecelia Michaels is the owner of Lickin’ Good Whole Pet Foods and is certiﬁed in pet food nutrition. Readers can contact her at email@example.com.
Get to know these women in the wine industry World of Wine BY RON SMITH Columnist The impression of the wine grape growing and winemaking industry as being a fun-loving and romantic, lifelong experience is an illusion. It takes planning, smart capital investment and backing, willingness to work hard, trying to outguess nature’s eccentricities, while recognizing and overcoming your own foibles. A glimpse at the wine industry today reveals there are high numbers of competent women meeting the demands and exceeding the expectations of their male compatriots in the business. For the limited space allowed, I will hit the tip of this cadre, relating what I know about particular women via communication and dealing with them in and about the wine-making business. My ﬁrst impressions of feminine competency came with my introduction to Tami Bredeson, president of the dynamic Carlos Creek Winery in Alexandria, Minn. I’ve had the advantage of taking my class to visit her winery for 10 years; I have been witness to the progress they have made as business operators, as well as how to make and market wines. Andrea Immer-Robinson caught my attention with her publication “Great Wine Made Simple.” The book is an easy read, and it’s nicely instructional without being too pedantic, making it a great selection to give to someone who shows an interest in wine. She is also a master sommelier, which puts her in very rare company in the wine world. Another nicety: she shows no signs of snobbery in her videos or writing. Karen MacNeil must have begun learning about
wine as her ﬁrst language. From my viewpoint, she is one of the best and most versatile wine communicators on this planet. Her updated book, the “Wine Bible” says it all. She has a weekly Wine Blog Intel that is loaded with easily digestible wine info, and she even answers questions from readers in North Dakota. Karen is a wine research scientist with both feet solidly on the ground, as she researched her book directly, not lifting information from available literature. She has mastered the English language like no one else I’ve ever read, coming up with her own unique descriptors of wine evaluation. Then there is Barbara Banke, chairman and proprietor of Jackson Family Wines, who took the reins after her husband, Jess Jackson, passed. She has proven to the world at large that she is very capable of heading up a dynamic winery, known for their premium chardonnay. JFW is now the nation’s largest seller of “premium” wines, deﬁned as $15 a bottle and up, with $604 million in 2013 revenues. Its brands include La Crema, Cambria and several other labels, in addition to the Kendall-Jackson ﬂagship. Need I say more?
I have to commend a local inﬂuence on wine enjoyment in our area; certiﬁed sommelier Jean Taylor oﬀers spritely, educational and totally interesting presentations that have captivated hundreds with her obvious love of wine. Ron Smith, a retired NDSU Extension horticulturist, writes weekly about his love of wine and its history. Readers can reach him at tuftruck1@gmail. com.
Attention! (60 years & older)
Every Thursday Receive…
7% OFF On Parts and Labor
(Cannot be used with any other coupons or specials) • 1 and 2 Bedroom • Handicapped Accessible • Services Available 24 hours/day • 24-Hour Emergency • Easy Access Kitchen Response System • Sit Down Showers • Wireles High Speed Internet • Optional Dining Room Meals and Cable TV Provided Contact Alisha Hendrickson Housing Manager 218-564-4101 www.greenwoodconnections.com 001597986r1
Cadillac • Chevrolet Buick • Pontiac
218-732-3347 or 732-4101Hwy. 34 E., Park Rapids
Don't believe the hype against bananas Nutrition BY BONNIE BROST Columnist
As you cruise the internet to ﬁnd more ways to eat fruits and vegetables, you may begin doubting bananas. Internet pop-up ads have made the banana into a food villain. It's listed as "one of the ﬁve worst foods you can eat." Weight-loss clinics damn the banana. The banana is claimed to have a high glycemic index, be packed with carbohydrates (sugars) and too high in calories. Dietitians like me rally against this nonsense. We know the banana is an easy, healthy snack that's readily available even at gas stations and convenience stores. A medium banana has about 105 calories, 27 grams of carbohydrates, 3 grams of ﬁber and more than 400 milligrams of potassium. This compares to a medium apple with 95 calories, 25 grams of carbohydrates and 150 milligrams of potassium or one cup of blueberries with 85 calories, 21 grams of carbohydrates and 115 milligrams of potassium. The banana is one of the foods highest in potassium, and most Americans are not getting enough potassium in their diets. That's because we usually don't get the four to ﬁve cups of fruits and/or vegetables recommended each day. We need potassium for normal function of our muscles, nerves and brain. It is also very important for our hearts to beat correctly, to maintain good blood pressure control, to build strong muscles and avoid muscle cramping. Adults should get at least 4,700 milligrams of potassium a day. In addition to potassium, the banana is also high in vitamin B6, vitamin C and manganese. Bananas actually have a low glycemic index. The average glycemic index of a banana is 51 with a slightly green banana being lower. Low glycemic index foods are rated at 55 or lower. Unripe or bananas with some green on them also contain resistant starch, a type of carbohydrate that your body cannot digest, so they contribute fewer carbohydrates and calories and act as a prebiotic. Prebiotics help boost the amount of probiotics or beneﬁcial bacteria in your stomach and intestines. The resistant starch can also help lower cholesterol.
Coach Bus Trips MAY IN THE METRO
Wednesday & Thursday, May 9 & 10 Fee: $215
A banana is an all-natural, pre-wrapped energizer ﬁlled with potassium and good carbohydrates to give your muscles what they need. It makes a great snack about an hour before you hit the gym because it provides glucose in your bloodstream that your muscles will use for energy during your workout. A banana is also a great post-workout snack. Its natural sugars are used to rebuild your muscle glycogen (stored fuel), and its potassium assists the body in converting blood sugar into glycogen. So, be wary of pop-up internet nutrition recommendations and enjoy America's favorite fruit. Bananas are readily available all winter long. Banana bran muﬃns Got ripe bananas? Try this Banana Bran Muﬃn recipe that includes whole grains, good fats, ﬁber and the beneﬁts of the banana. These muﬃns use white whole-wheat ﬂour to provide 10 grams of whole grain in each muﬃn. If you use all-purpose ﬂour, there would be no whole grain in this muﬃn. I've decreased the sugar to only one teaspoon of added sugar per muﬃn along with three grams of ﬁber to make this a great choice for a quick breakfast or a snack. 1 cup mashed banana (about 2 medium bananas) 1 cup unsweetened shredded bran cereal (like All-bran) 1/4 cup buttermilk 2 large egg whites
2 tablespoons olive oil or canola oil 2 teaspoons molasses 1 teaspoon vanilla 1 cup white whole-wheat ﬂour 3 tablespoons sugar 1 teaspoon baking soda 1 teaspoon baking powder 1/2 teaspoon cream of tartar Preheat oven to 400 degrees. Coat muﬃn tin with olive oil or canola oil or line with muﬃn papers. In a medium bowl, stir together the ﬁrst seven ingredients. Set aside for at least ﬁve minutes to soften bran cereal. In a large bowl, combine ﬂour, sugar, baking soda, baking powder and cream of tartar. Make a well and add the banana mixture, stirring just until blended. Spoon into prepared muﬃn cups. Bake for 15 minutes or until center springs back when lightly touched. Cool for ﬁve minutes before removing from muﬃn pan. Yield: 12 muﬃns. Nutrition Facts: Serving size, 1 muﬃn; calories, 110; total fat, 3 grams; saturated fat, 0 grams; trans fat, 0 grams; cholesterol, 0 milligrams; sodium, 140 milligrams; potassium, 250 milligrams; carbohydrates, 20 grams; ﬁber, 3 grams; protein, 3 grams; total sugar, 7 grams; added sugar, 4 grams. Bonnie Brost is a licensed and registered dietitian in Duluth. Contact her at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Millennium Savings Growth - Earn TOP rates like a CD Flexibility - Easy access whenyou need it
Includes one night stay at Mystic Lake Casino, performance of Guys and Dolls at the Old Log Theatre, tour the Wabasha Street Caves and St. Paul
Wednesday, July 11 Fee: $75
Your money works harder here. Open your Millennium Savings today.
MN Twins play against Kansas City Royals. Trip includes ticket and coach bus transportation BILTMORE ESTATE & ASHEVILLE, NC
Saturday – Sunday, September 8 – 16 Fee: $ 824
DOOR COUNTY WISCONSIN
Monday – Friday, October 8 – 12 Fee: $550
northwoodsbank.com Park Rapids • Nevis • Rush City • Pine City * Annual Percentage Yield (APY) effective 8-17-17 and subject to change. Interest compounds quarterly. Minimum opening deposit is $10,000. One withdrawal per month with no fee, additional withdrawls are $25 each. If the account balance falls below $10,000, there is a $15 fee. No interest is paid on balances below $10,000. We reserve the right to decline or limit deposits.
March 2018 Hooked on ﬂy tying, continued on page 1 deer hair around the hook. “They’re very buoyant,” he said, “because deer hair is hollow, so it ﬂoats. They latch onto those and they don’t let go.” The painted-cork lures, called poppers, have a similar appeal. “It ﬂoats on the surface,” he said. “They’re really fun to ﬁsh, because the ﬁsh come up and they grab it, and you can see them splash.” He ﬁnds some of his ﬂy-tying materials, like a squirrel tail or turkey feathers, lying around in nature. Others, like corks, chicken hackles, and synthetics, he orders from Cabela’s or Bob Marriott’s Fly Fishing Store. The tying pattern he chose to demonstrate was a surprisingly realistic bumblebee, made by winding a spiral of black chenille over a layer of yellow. “This is my all-time favorite ﬂy for bluegills, for sunﬁsh,” said Mosner. “They love it. It’s just my go-to ﬂy. So I like to have a good supply of those.” He ﬁnishes the bumblebee lure with a bit of hackle tied at one end – to mimic the insect’s legs and provide a lifelike movement through water – and glued it down with a clear gloss called head cement “so that thing won’t come untied,” he said. “I’ve tied some knots on the end, but ﬁsh can be kinda hard on them with their teeth.” Another way of categorizing types of ﬂies, which Mosner wrote in the description of an exhibit on ﬂy tying he displayed last year at the library, distinguishes between “attractor” ﬂies (which use ﬂashes of light or color to provoke a ﬁsh to strike) and “searching” ﬂies that imitate types of food, including insects, frogs, leeches, minnows, and even mice. For saltwater ﬁsh, searching ﬂies can imitate shrimp, sand eels, and baitﬁsh. Mosner’s tools include a special vise to hold the hook while he works on it. “It’s probably the most expensive tool,” he said. He uses a bobbin for thread, a nameless gizmo an engineer friend made to hold the bobbin out of the way, paperclip-sized hackle pliers (also handy for winding chenille around a hook) and scissors. With materials in a wide range of colors, Mosner said, “they kinda build up after a while.” He hinted a bit of red on the tail of a ﬂy serves as a good ﬁsh attractor. “Fish are opportunistic,” he said. “They like to ﬁnd something that’s maybe injured and isn’t swimming quite as fast, and red is an indication of blood.” A retired software developer from the Twin Cities, Mosner moved here with his wife Olga sevenand-a-half years ago. “I had vacationed up here a little bit. I loved the area,” he said, adding that Peysenske Lake “chose us.” “I ﬁsh out here a lot,” he said. “It’s a good bluegill (sunﬁsh) and bass lake. Those are two ﬁsh that are a lot of fun to ﬁsh with ﬂies. Perch love to take ﬂies,
Mosner's fly-tying work includes, trout flies (left tray), panfish flies (for sunfish and crappie), bass flies (right), and salmon flies (top, in glass bulbs). Some of the lures are designed to look like leeches, minnows, or frogs. (Robin Fish / Park Rapids Enterprise) too. We’ve got a 3-year-old granddaughter, and we had her catching some perch and sunnies oﬀ the dock last summer.” Mosner explained how spun fur is stuck onto a hook with a bit of wax and wound onto it. Then he picked up one of his largest lures, made with a super-light synthetic material. “This is kind of a new thing,” he said. “See, for northern pike or muskies, you’ve got to have a big ﬂy. “The diﬀerence between ﬂy ﬁshing and regular ﬁshing is that in regular ﬁshing, you’ve got a really light line (and) a relatively heavy lure, and the lure takes the line out when you cast it. Fly ﬁshing is totally the opposite. Your lures don’t hardly weigh anything, and so you’ve got to have a heavy line that takes that lure out. But for a big ﬂy like this, it can get too heavy, and then it’s really hard to cast, and so you’ve got to use a synthetic material that’s really, really light. And so,” said Mosner, “there’s always something new to try and learn, and I’ve enjoyed that.” An extension of ﬁshing Now that he lives on a lake year-round, Mosner
also spends a good part of the winter ice ﬁshing. As a result, he doesn’t spend as much time ﬂy tying as he used to. “I typically get into ﬂy tying in the winter when the ice ﬁshing slows down,” he said, “which is typically about mid-February. I’ll tie for a few weeks, maybe an hour a day, something like that. I’ll try to replenish what I’ve got.” His goal, he said, is “to tie enough in the winter so I don’t have to be tying ﬂies during the summer. I’d rather be out on a lake.” His tying period typically runs through late March. Though he would rather be ﬁshing, he doesn’t begrudge the time spent on tying ﬂies. “I love ﬁshing,” he said, “and so it’s a part of ﬁshing for me.” Mosner said tying ﬂies allows him to enjoy the sport, even at times of year when he can’t actually go ﬂy ﬁshing at home. “I have gone to Florida in the winter (to ﬂy ﬁsh),” he said. “That’s cool, but this is a way of extending the season. I can do this now and enjoy this, and I’ll be Continued on page 8
PARK RAPIDS AREA PROFESSIONAL & SERVICE
Woodland Court offers you a home full of amenities that have been specially designed for independent living. • Noon meal served • Court’s Hair Care Salon • Conveniently located within short walking distance to downtown, banking, grocery and pharmacy • Controlled access entry system • Housing assistance available • No application fee
• HEARING •
Affordable 1 & 2 bedroom apartment housing for persons over the age of 62, and/or handicapped or disabled
Call or stop in today to find out more about our facility. 218-732-9312
300 Court Ave., Park Rapids, MN
We Have openings! applications for 1 BR, 1 BR H/C and 2 BR Apartments www.bdcmgmt.com
Park Rapids Ofﬁce
618 1st St. E., Park Rapids Tuesdays 10 am - 3 pm, other times by appt.
BRIAN HILLESLAND, NBC-HIS Toll - Free 1-800-631-4946 218-631-4966
Become part of the midwest’s premier newspaper-based on-line recruitment resource.
• OPTOMETRIST •
ND, MN, SD & WI: 26 newspapers
THE EYEWARE PROFESSIONALS
National Board Certiﬁed Hearing Instrument Specialist
218-732-8535 1-800-893-8535 www.bruhnoptical.com Jamie Kueber, OD
BOOMERS GENERATIONS 7,500 3,900 CIRCULATION CIRCULATION! To place your To place ad ad in your the next Boomers edition call in the next Generations, Park Rapids 218-732-3364 call Park Rapids Published last 218-732-3364 Wednesday of each month. Published last Wednesday of each month.
8 Hooked on ﬂy tying, continued on page 7 using these ﬂies soon, in May.” He has even turned his creativity toward ﬁnding a way to spend more time tying ﬂies, beyond restocking his ﬁshing supplies. “You start tying, and you learn how to tie, and all of a sudden you’re tying lots of ﬂies because it’s fun,” he said, “and you’re using them (and losing them in trees), but you can only use so many. But then it’s like, what do you do with all these ﬂies? If you want to keep tying, what do you do with them?” This led Mosner, a few years ago, to start creating Christmas tree ornaments to give as gifts, with a classic ﬂy pattern inside a glass bulb, and a tag with a poem called “The Fisherman’s Prayer” attached. “They’re really pretty ﬂies, (but) probably not panﬁsh ﬂies. Panﬁsh aren’t that fussy,” he said. “These are a little more like salmon ﬂies. They’re classic ﬂies, so they’re an actual pattern.” Another idea he had was making ﬂy-ﬁshing-inspired earrings. “There’s a few guys who do this,” said Mosner. “These are not classic ﬂies. I thought, well, I’m just going to make diﬀerent-colored earrings, pink one and purple ones,” and even ones in the colors of various football teams. “I’ve sold a few, but it’s more fun to give them away to friends and family. It’s fun to see people I know wear them.” Part of life’s balance Asked if he ﬁnds the activity of ﬂy tying therapeutic, Mosner said, “You’re just totally focused on this. It allows you to be creative, which is fun. I’m sure it makes me feel somewhat productive. My day is good if I can have some physical activity, some kind of fun activity, and then to be somewhat productive. This allows me to be a little productive. Instead of having to go out and buy ﬂies, I can make my own.” He admitted he is not sure he could have gotten into ﬂy tying if he had to start at his present age. Ag-
Among Mosner's fly-fishing-themed gift ideas are these earrings in Packers (left) and Vikings team colors. (Robin Fish / Park Rapids Enterprise) ing eyes can make it tricky to see up close, which can make tasks like tying hooks onto a line take longer than it used to. Unlike ﬁshing for walleye, which involves trolling with live bait, ﬂy ﬁshing is a pursuit best enjoyed in solitude. Nevertheless, Mosner wouldn’t call it a “lonely” activity. “I just love being out on the lake, in nature,” he said. “If you go out on the Straight River, it’s a beautiful trout stream.” Tying in the future Fly tying and ﬂy ﬁshing are activities Mosner Fly tying and ﬂy ﬁshing are activities Mosner would like to see a younger generation enjoy. Last summer, he
made a ﬂy-tying presentation to children at the Park Rapids Library. “They were really engaged,” he said. “It was fun, and I do hope that some of them pick it up. I asked them if they would want me to do a ﬂy casting class next summer and all the hands shot up.” Asked how long he plans to keep ﬁshing and ﬂy tying, Mosner pointed to a needlepoint design Olga made of the ﬁsherman’s prayer, asking that “God grant that I may live to ﬁsh until my dying day.” For more information, Mosner recommended searching the library for books and magazines about ﬂy ﬁshing and ﬂy tying. Also, the websites ﬂyanglersonline.com and www.scottcesariﬂytying.com both feature pages for beginners.