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Number 2 - JAN / FEB / MAR 2013


Paper Cotton and

ISSN 2182-7818

Living and Loving your Creative Self

Art with dominoes

Place in Time

Susana Tavares Studio



Editor: Carla Pimentel General Director: Carla Pimentel Photography: Paulo Pimentel, Carla Pimentel Marketing Director: Paulo Pimentel Phone: 00 351 914535871 Magazine Design and Layout: NU*DES • Contributors: PanoPraMantas, Maria Pipoca, Susana Tavares, Teresa Rebelo, Maria da Luz Freitas, Ângela Carneiro, Clarisse Almeida. Owner: Paulo Pimentel Administration: Avenida do Rosal, 131 H4 4470-111 Maia Portugal Email:

Happy New Year! The new year has arrived and with it our 2nd edition. I am pleased to be able to say that the first was a success, we received words of congratulations and encouragement of many people, even from other countries! In this edition you may experience creating unique art forms with everyday objects (dominoes), decorate clothes with stamps, beautify your clothes with a cheerful belt, know the friendly Susana Tavares and her art, among many other suggestions. In a quarter where we celebrate Father’s day, we suggest that you gift him with the sweet suggestion of Teresa Rebelo, the chocolate mustaches. Have you ever thought, at Easter, to get away to the island with the same name? You’ll also know an eye disease which is the main cause of blindness in developed countries. I wish everyone a great 2013.

ISSN 2182-7818 Copyright of all works, drawings and diagrams. Is prohibited to reproduce all or part by any means without express written permission of the publisher.

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Carla Pimentel (editora)

Editor’s Choices!

Art with dominoes An original form of art with a small size.

Purse organizer

Place in Time

A very useful object for quickly finding everything in your purse.

A mini album and desk calendar to record the best moments of 2013.

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Paper and Cotton






Paper and Cotton

Paper and Cotton Papercrafting

Paper and Cotton Creative Sewing

Editor’s Letter

LOVE! frame

Belt of fabric flowers

PAG: 2

PAG: 14

PAG: 22 / 25




Paper and Cotton

Paper and Cotton Patchwork

Paper and Cotton Stamps

Editor’s Choices

Lavender heart

Stamped T-Shirt

PAG: 3

PAG: 15

PAG: 26 / 27




Paper and Cotton Mixed Media Art

Paper and Cotton Patchwork

Paper and Cotton Cards

Art with dominoes

Paper-Piecing technique


PAG: 6 / 9

PAG: 16 / 19

PAG: 28 / 31




Paper and Cotton Interview

Paper and Cotton Decoration

Paper and Cotton Creative Sewing

Easter wreath

Purse organizer

PAG: 10 / 13

PAG: 20 / 21

PAG: 32 / 33




Susana Tavares Studio

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Paper and Cotton Scrapbooking

Paper and Cotton Travel

Place in time

Easter island

PAG: 34 / 35

PAG: 44 / 55



Paper and Cotton Cooking

Paper and Cotton Mail

Chocolate Mustaches

Mail from Readers

PAG: 36 / 37

PAG: 56 / 57



Paper and Cotton Decoration

Paper and Cotton Schemes

Decorated Easter Eggs


PAG: 38 / 39

PAG: 58 / 59



Paper and Cotton Health

Paper and Cotton Number


New number

PAG: 40 / 43

PAG: 60




On the cover a work which you can find on page 20

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Paper and Cotton

Mixed Media Art

Art with dominoes Mini album and canvas By: Carla Pimentel

In my childhood I learned, like many children, how to play dominoes. A few months ago I discovered that these small pieces do allow original works of art, with a special charm of their small size! The hypotheses are immense ... here are two examples of this art form. 6 Paper and Cotton

Materials for Mini-Album

- 2 Dominoes - Alcohol inks in the colors: Stonewashed and Mixative Copper - Alcohol Blending Solution - Inkssentials applicator with felt - Bird-Song Collection of Graphic 45 8”x8” pad - Black Cardstock - ”Oriental”stamp from Kaisercraft - Stamp pad Memento Tuxedo Black - Bo-Bunny Buttons - Serenity Collection - Black Ribbon - Glue - Glossy-accents - Double-sided adhesive tape - Scissors - Disposable gloves (alcohol inks stain your hands)

Materials for Canvas

- 7 Dominoes - Canvas with 12x12 cm - Acrylic paint American Indian Turquoise (the first paint applied on the canvas) - Distress ink: Weathered wood and Faded Jeans (applied together on acrylic paint) - Alcohol inks in colors: Stonewashed and Mixative Copper (to the bottom of the canvas) and Watermelon, Pink Sherbet, Latte, Butterscotch and Mixative Pearl for coloring dominoes - Alcohol Blending Solution - Inkssentials Applicator with felt - Bird-Song Collection of Graphic 45 8 “x8” pad - Black Cardstock - ”Oriental” stamp from Kaisercraft - Stamp pad Memento Tuxedo Black - Crafty Individuals stamp No.CI-329 Bird cage - Embossing stamp pad - Embossing Powder-Ultrathick Crystals Bonze Lustre - Heat gun - Bo-Bunny Buttons - Serenity Collection - Glossy-accents - Scissors - Disposable gloves (alcohol inks stain your hands

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1 - Put a few drops of alcohol inks in colors chosen together with a few drops of Blending Solution on the felt of your applicator and paint entire surface of dominoes.

2 - Do not forget the sides of the pieces. Leave to dry.

3 - Stamp the dominoes with “Oriental” stamp in the side without spots. Let dry well.

4 - Cut a strip of black cardstock. The strip height of cardstock is the domino’s height. The length is what you want for your album. The strip must be folded in accordion style that each “page” is the width of the domino piece.

5 - Cut paper to decorate each pages of your album. On one side.

6 - ... And another.

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7 - Cut out the images that will decorate the two outer covers. Adhere them with glossy accents as well as metal parts that choose to decorate. Cover entire surface, including papers and metal parts with a layer of Glossy Accents to protect and give brightness. Let dry at least 24 hours.

8 - Apply double-sided adhesive tape at the center of dominoes that will make the covers and glue a piece of ribbon on each piece.

9 - Adhere the left end of the accordion strip to the inner front cover and the right end to the back cover with double-sided adhesive tape.

10- View of the reverse side of the album.

For the canvas:

Paint the canvas with inks described in the list of materials. Decorate the pieces following the steps for the cover of mini-album. Stamp the cage with the Embossing Stamp Pad.

11- Close the accordion and tie the two ends of the ribbon in a knot and bow.

Apply Embossing Powder Ultrathick Crystals Bonze Lustre with the help of heat gun. Glue the pieces to the canvas as you like. Paper and Cotton 9

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Susana Tavares Studio Susana Tavares is an artist who was born and raised in Lisbon, for whom her art... “It’s not only about’s about changing, it’s about turning your life into something you love, and have fun with it.”

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Paper and Cotton: Thank you Susana for having accepted to participate in this interview. First tell us a little about yourself. Susana Tavares: Thanks for the invitation, it is always a pleasure to participate in projects that make me smile. I am an artist, mother of 3 beautiful children, married, and I love to create and inspire others through my art. PC: When you discovered the Mixed Media Art and decided you’d like to make this art your professional life? ST: I paint for 10 years and I have always been mixing things, paper, ink, pastel ...After, my mother offered me a book of mixed techniques, participated in workshops and was finding my space and my expression. PC: What do you love in this art form? ST: I love to mix, never liked to do always the same, in mixed media exists much freedom, too much banter and fun, thousands of possibilities. I love to paint using my intuition and to have that taste of surprise. PC: Have you received any training in art or specific in Mixed Media Art or are you a self-taught? ST: I’m self-taught and I grew from experimentation and experience. PC: You paint on different surfaces. What is your surface of election and what kind of materials do you prefer to use in your creations? ST: I love to paint on canvas and wood and my favorite materials are black pencil, watercolor wax pencil, all kinds of papers, acrylic paint, stamps and fabrics.

PC: What are your main influences (references) national or international in Mixed Media Art? ST: Misty Mawn, Flora bowley, Anahata Katkin PC: When did you created your studio? This was always your space? ST: The studio turned 10 years old in September and began sharing a studio with my brother, I moved several times and I am now in my new studio in Av. 5 Outubro (Lisbon), being transformed to be also my new home. PC: How is your usual daily work routine? ST: Usually divide my time as follows: morning and end of the day to make blog posts, answer interviews, emails, social networks, manage the online store ... afternoon to the studio and create. I do a lot of lists ... what to do, ideas, projects ... I am one, I say, itinerant company, which must get ideas and inspiration, create them, buy materials, pack, ship, shoot, edit, write, play ... So I am a mother, woman, wife, artist, teacher, crafter ... Phew! And perhaps more than anything I can’t remember now!

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PC: Is it possible to take classes in your studio or workshops are usually online? ST: Yes you can take lessons in my studio and also online where there are no limitations of time because you can make them in the days and hours you are more convenient, since the content is always available to the students during the entire duration of the workshop. My new online workshop is named

PC: When did you create your etsyshop (online store)? What kind of your creations can we find there? ST: The store was established in February 2010 and there may find originals as dolls and painting. But also art prints, which are reproductions of my original paintings for framing, calendars and notebooks, bookmarks, pins and pocket mirrors, necklaces, cards, calendars and what else I please to create. Art to wear, display and spread good energy.

“Inspired by Love…every day!” and may consult all the information here: workshop-de-pintura-online-inspired-by.html

Susana Tavares Studio

PC: Who are usually the followers of your workshops? Most are Portuguese or from other countries?

e-mail: Avenida 5 de Outubro, nº21-4ºDto 1050-047 Lisboa, PORTUGAL

ST: I think it is half Portuguese, half other countries, is very balanced. 12 Paper and Cotton

Phone.: + 351 218 491 671 Fax.: + 351 218 491 671

PC: Do you think this type of art is little known in Portugal? ST: Yes very little, but I believe things happen in right time. PC: Would like to add something more to this interview? ST: Yes I would like to share a short essay I wrote after meditating.

Dear friends let you present love unique and original. The love that you should have for yourself. Love every inch of your body, because they are part of you. You are a unique and irreplaceable part, never forgotten. Just be you in this world, speak your truth and don’t be afraid. Susana Tavares

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Paper and Cotton


LOVE! frame By: Carla Pimentel

In a white paper write the word LOVE. Cut out hearts, butterflies or other elements to your taste to paste over the word you wrote.

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Paper and Cotton


Lavender heart

By: PanoPraMantas


- Several patches of fabric in red and pink (front part of the heart) - Coordinated Fabric to the back of the heart. - Nylon foam (or leftover batting) - Lavender

Get a copy preferably in fine paper of Crazy Block (go to schemes’s page). Pass the drawing also for the back of the paper to be able to sew. With patches keep building block, following the numbering. Place the mold of the heart (go to schemes’s page) on top of the block just built. Cut fabric as the mold. 0.5 cm is considered for the seam allowance. Do the same with coordinated fabric. Fold one strip, about 10/12cms length, of the coordinated fabric in four and pass a sew thread with the tone. Then put the two hearts (panel with block crazy + coordinated fabric) on one the other, right to right. Place the strip which will serve to hang between the two fabrics. Stitch all the way around (a margin of 0.5 cm) leaving a gap (about 3 cm) to turn. Give small blows at the seams of rounded parts. Turn to the right. Fill with nylon foam or batting cut into pieces and lavender. Close with a hidden point. Thank you for doing this project with PanoPraMantas. For any questions, you can always contact us through email

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Paper and Cotton


Paper-Piecing technique By: Carla Pimentel

The “Paper-Piecing” is a technique increasingly

popular in patchwork. It is also known to “Foundation Block” and consists in using a standard base (template) in paper and sew small scraps of fabric directly through this paper, forming a geometric block.

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With this technique the execution of works of Patchwork especially quilts, with geometric patterns apparently complex, becomes very simple. The block can be drawn, printed or photocopied. There are several patterns available in internet.

The block I chose is called Log Cabin and I drew it on parchment paper to see the lines drawn on the back of the paper. Each part of the block is numbered, indicating the sequence in which the fabric scraps will be sewn to paper and each other.

1 - Start by cutting pieces of fabric to cover each part numbered in your block. The size will include about 1.5 cm of seam allowance all the way around each of the parts to sew.

2 - Turn back your template. Take your fabric cut for Piece 1 and place it “right side out� on the back of template, covering template space 1. Pin it.

3 - Overlap the fabric cut that will fill Piece 2 right side together onto Piece 1. Hold with pins.

4 - Flip your template with the printed side or drawn upwards. The tissues are now under the paper.

5 - Sew along the seam line between pieces 1 and 2 of the template.

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6 - Fold the paper along the seam you just sew and trim the seam allowances so that they are approximately 0.7 cm. You can use a rotary cutter or scissors to do this.

7 - Fold the pattern paper back and place the piece of fabric 2 in its place. Press the seam with your fingernail or with iron.

8 - Now you will position the piece 3, right sides together with pieces 1 and 2.

9 - You will repeat steps 3-7 for each parts to sew along each line of your sequence.

10 - At the end iron your block of tissue, set values of seam allowance all the way around the block and remove paper.

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After thinking about what to do with my block, I decided to do one nedle / pin cushion. It will be very useful for my future seams!! Paper and Cotton 19

Paper and Cotton


Easter wreath By: Carla Pimentel

I suggest you this wreath to decorate your home for Easter or throughout the Spring! It is very easy to do! The technique used for the flowers of felt can be used to make paper flowers, with which you can decorate scrapbook pages, for example. 20 Paper and Cotton


-1 crown of Styrofoam 30cm diameter - Linen natural color (6 strips 6 cm wide x 1.50 m long) - Felt Cuts in desired colors. - Yellow and White (1 square 10cm for each side) - Orange Blossom (1 strip with 25cm long x 10 cm wide) - Small pieces for butterflies and leaves - 2 meters wide ribbon - Sewing Scissors - Hot glue gun - Pins (optional)








Wrap a Styrofoam wreath with strips of linen. Glue several strips together and to the crown with hot glue.


Orange Blossom: Fold the strip in half lengthwise and make cuts in the side folded, with about 4cm depth.


4 5 6


Wrap the strip upon itself, beginning at one end. Glue with hot glue, as you go twisting, so it will not become loose. Glue the final end of the strip. The flower is done. It must be glued to the crown in the position you have chosen. You can stick a pin in the center of the flower. Yellow and White Flowers: In a square with side 10cm cut out a circle. Then make a spiral cut all the way around from outside of the circle to the center, as shown in the image. You’ll get a strip of felt loop. As the scissors used, or the wavy motion given to the cut, the flower will have a different edge of the remaining flowers.


Pick up the end of the spiral on the center of the circle and roll until you reach the outside end. Glue with hot glue, as you go rolling. Cut leaves and glue them to the crown. Glue your flowers on the leaves with hot glue. Sticks pins in the center of the flowers. Make a paper pattern in the shape of butterfly and cut felt with this form. Glue butterflies in position and location you want. Make a hanging loop and tie with ribbon chosen for this purpose. Glue on a butterfly. That’s it! This is my suggestion. You can choose other colors and even glue many more flowers.

How about sending us pictures of your crown? We can show it in the next issue. Paper and Cotton 21

Paper and Cotton

Creative Sewing

Belt of fabric flowers By: Clarisse Almeida

This belt of flowers made from scraps of fabric is a good idea to recycle clothes, decorate pillows, lampshades, curtains, bedspreads, paintings, beautiful necklaces, etc..

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Everything depends on the creativity and the combination of colors. Two types of flowers (Fuxicos) are used in this piece.

Materials - Round Cardboard molds 7cm and 9cm - Various fabrics to make the flowers (in this case several silk) - Black Tule - 2 circles with 7cm to make the leaves (for garnish) - Two meters of satin ribbon with 4 cm wide - black (base of the belt) - Two satin ribbons with 8 cm and 0.5 cm wide (to decorate) - Sewing thread according to the colors of fabrics - 4 fantasy buttons - Needle and scissors - Hot glue gun to glue the flowers at the base of the belt (you can also hold the flowers with needle and thread)

1 - Arrangement of various materials used in creation of this fantastic belt.

2 - To make the flower of 5 petals, cut 5 circles with the help of the mold of 7cm. Then fold each circle in half and half again as you see in the figure, and baste. Pull the thread to pucker.

3 - With the same thread baste the remaining 4 petals.

4 - When the 5 petals are strung, pull the thread so that they are together, and the first cap with the last, as pictured. Paper and Cotton 23

5 - Make the other 5 petals flower, of another color, similarly to the first. To complete the flowers, hold a fantasy button in each, stitching or pasting it with hot glue.

6 – Now let’s do the flower closed. Cut with the help of the 9 cm mold a circle of fabric. Overcast the edge to not shred, as pictured.

7 - After overcast entire edge of the fabric, pull the thread to tighten and form the closed flower. Cap, joining with a stitch the top furrowed with the bottom.

8 – Make another closed flower with another pattern, for superimposing over the previous one but with 7cm of diameter.

9 - Sew the small closed flower over the closed big flower, and with the same thread hold a fantasy button, as shown in the picture.

10 - Perform another set of closed flower (step 6 to 9) with different fabrics.

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11 - Run the same step of point 9.

12 - To make the tulle leaves: fold the circles in half and half again and baste (as in 2). Pull the thread to tighten and shoot. The ribbons are attached by the edges as shown in picture.

13 - Halfway through the length of the ribbon satin black glue with hot glue (or sew) flowers, leaves and ribbons according to your creativity. And there in lies the belt ready!

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Stamped T-Shirt

By: Maria Pipoca

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Materials - White t-shirt - Two squares of different color felt - Framelits & Stamps “Flowers, Daisies” from Sizzix 657916 - Framelits & Stamps “Leaves” from Sizzix 657917 - Ink stamp Versa Craft Black - Acrylic plates - Scissors - A piece of thin ribbon - A button - Needle and thread

I cut the largest flower on green felt to contrast with the background of the t-shirt, and a little flower in white felt. Important note: the framelits are not the most suitable cutting dies for cutting felt, but with an additional passage in Sizzix, the felt is so marked that with the aid of a scissors can cut perfectly. It will also depend on thickness of the felt itself. If you have other cutting dies of flowers, use them!

At this point iron the stamped images as this will cause that the ink becomes permanent.

Take a white t-shirt and choose two square felt, of two colors of your choice. In this case I chose the green water and white. Choose two cutting dies of two equal flowers of different sizes. These 2 are framelits from Sizzix.

Put a stamp leaves in acrylic plate with ink specific for fabric (Versa Craft), remove the flowers from location chosen and stamp the leaves so that when placing felt flowers in place, leaves appear behind.

Now choose other different leaves and stamp the other side of the flower using the same method: removing the flower of her place, so that the feet of the leaves are slightly beneath the felt.

Here you have to define exactly where you want to sew the flowers, adjusting for above the leaves stamped.

Make a small loop with the ribbon and sew over the button, holding the flowers in place that you set for fix. Then sew around the entire edge by securing the largest flower definitively. Paper and Cotton 27

Paper and Cotton



By: Maria Pipoca

Here are the suggestions for cards from Maria Pipoca for the holidays that are approaching! Have fun creating! 28 Paper and Cotton

Father’s Day Card - White cardstock - Three different shades of green textured cardstock (in this case of the brand Sizzix) - Blue stripe paper from the collection Hip-hooray from My Mind’s Eye - Papertrey ink stamp - 3D foam pads - Crop-a-Dile corner chomper tool from We R Memory Keepers - Green stamp pad - Tag Cutting die from Sizzix

Easter Bunny Card - White cardstock - Yellow cardstock - Yellow paper with white spots - Black pen (to draw the mouth of the Rabbit) - Mold of a Rabbit (found this on the internet some time ago) - Googly eyes to stick - White gel pen - Black ink Stamp pad - Stamps “Forever Friends” of Docrafts

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Easter Pop-up Card - Yellow cardstock - Green textured cardstock - Crop-a-Dile corner chomper tool - Stamp “Forever Friends-the good life journal” of Docrafts - Stamp “Forever Friends-spring time” of Docrafts - Black ink Stamp pad - Green stamp pad - Orange stamp pad - Cutting die from Sizzix - Sizzix texture with spots - White gel pen - Copic markers

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Valentine’s Day Card “Out of this World” - White cardstock - Framelit Heart from Sizzix - Papertrey ink stamp - Red stamp pad - Red pen gel - Powder “embossing” transparent - Embossing stamp pad - Red nail polish

Valentine’s Day Card “All you need is love” - Pink cardstock - Paper “The Sweetest Thing” of My Mind’s Eye - Papertrey ink stamp - Silver sequins - Silver sparkles - Framelits Heart from Sizzix - Acetate - 3D foam pads - White gel pen - White cardstock - Knockouts punches of the American Crafts (to cut the scalloped edge) Paper and Cotton 31

Paper and Cotton

Creative Sewing

Purse organizer By: Carla Pimentel

We all know (men also when they try to find something there) that the women bags are authentic “bottomless bags�. Nothing better than a purse organizer, to get everything properly packaged and accessible. When changing purse simply transfer the organizer for the other purse.

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- 50 cm of fabric for outwards - 50 cm of fabric for lining - 30 cm of quilt batting - 1 decorative ribbon with 80 cm - 1 button - Sewing thread - Scissors or rotary cutter

Measures and parts

- Front and back: 20x27cm (2x) - Laterals: 20x11 cm (2x) - Background: 27x10 cm (1x) - Penholder: 35x20 cm (1x folded in half) - Pocket largest outside: 30x25 cm (1x folded in half) - Handles: 14x4 cm (2x) - Liner measurements are equal

1 - Cut the various parts to sew according to measurements. Cut also quilt batting to line the outer fabric.

2 - Sew batting to front part, back, sides and bottom.

3 - Stitch various squares in all parts that just sew.

4 - Stitch the pockets to each other, forming divisions for several objects.

5 - Sew the pockets to the front of organizer.

6 - Sew the laterals to the front and after to the back.

7- Decorate with ribbon before make the last seam. Sew the bottom of the organizer.

8 - Sew the lining of the same way that the outer part, and apply pockets. Leave a 10 cm opening at the bottom of lining for turning.

9 - Fold the handle and sew. Hold the handles on the sides. Enter the outside inside the lining right sides facing each other and sew the pieces together.

10 - Turn right at the opening of the bottom liner and close with blindstitch or overlock machine.

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Place in time By: Carla Pimentel

A desk calendar / mini-album to make a photographic record of the most important events of your life over 2013. The step by step and the materials can be found at:

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Chocolate mustaches in spoon By: Teresa Rebelo

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For Father’s Day, or whenever we want honor the men of the family! • Disposable spoons size medium / large • Chocolate Cooking • White Chocolate • Tracing paper • Disposable pastry bags • Template printed of mustaches (ex.:

• Satin ribbon • Cellophane Small bags • Staple or double tape The amounts depend on the number of spoons, we will have about 15 g chocolate to fill each spoon + 20 g chocolate for each mustache (will leftovers, but we need more than the amount that actually carry the spoons, so we could work). Prepare the template printout of the mustaches. (just an impression of one mustache at a proper size spoon). Melt one type of chocolate in a double boiler or in the microwave, with careful not to burn the chocolate. Place melted chocolate in a part of the pastry bag. Place the paper printed with the mustache beneath the parchment paper, cut tip of the bag and draw over the chocolate. Away part of the vellum with the chocolate mustache, but keep clean parchment paper mustache printed on the back. Draw again a mustache of chocolate and so successively until you have done the necessary mustaches. Allow to dry (if any hurry, take the parchment paper to the refrigerator, to solidify faster). Place the spoons in a tray rim with the spoon handle on the rim so they are horizontal. With the remaining melted chocolate, fill the spoons, with the help of a small spoon. Do the same with other kind of chocolate. When the mustaches are dry, carefully remove them from parchment paper and apply them on spoons: if the chocolate spoons have already solidified, dip a teaspoon in boiling water, wipe with a cloth and pass the back of the spoon, quickly and carefully over the area of the spoon where will be pasted the mustache, to melt a bit. Apply the mustache and let dry. After properly dried, make a bow in the spoon handle with a piece of ribbon and wrap in cellophane bag. Close the bag down with a staple or double tape. Happy Father’s Day!

Teresa Rebelo • Paper and Cotton 37

Paper and Cotton


Learn a very easy way to decorate eggs. May serve them in the end, use them to decorate your Easter cake or to create a center allusive to the Easter table.

Decorated Easter Eggs By: Carla Pimentel Pictures: Paulo Pimentel and Carla Pimentel 38 Paper and Cotton

Materials - Eggs - 2 red onions - An old pantyhose of mousse or lycra - Thin sewing thread - Small fresh leaves and flowers

1 - Wash the eggs and the leaves and flowers. With the help of sewing thread attach the leaves and flowers to eggs.

2 - Cut a piece of the pantyhose, wrap the egg in the same, straighten it well and tie a knot at the base.

3 - Repeat this step for all the eggs.

4 - Cut onions into pieces with the bark included into a saucepan and bring the eggs to bake with the onion.

5 - When they are cooked remove from pan and cut the pantyhose.

6 - Cut the thread and remove all the leaves and flowers.

You completed the decoration! Paper and Cotton 39

Paper and Cotton


Age Macular Degeneration (AMD) By: Ângela Carneiro, MD, PhD

AMD is the main cause of blindness in developed countries over 50 years of age. What is the AMD? We can compare the human eye to a camera, and the retina to the photo film. If for some reason the film is damaged the photos come out damaged. The same applies to the human eye: if the retina and it’s central portion, an area called the macula, are sick, the images that the eye captures will always be disabled in the central zone. Age Macular Degeneration is a disease in which, with age, arises progressive deterioration of the central part of the retina, the macula, which can lead to severe and irreversible loss of vision. AMD is the main cause of blindness in developed countries over 50 years of age. In Portugal affects more than 300 000 people. There are two forms of the disease: The AMD dry or atrophic – evolves for years quietly for a progressive atrophy of the macular retina and can only be detected by your ophthalmologist when examine your retina. The AMD wet, exsudative or neovascular – develop abnormal vessels (neovascularization) leading to an aggressive and rapid loss of central vision. The new vessels originate bleeding and exudation with desorganization of the retina and eventually formation of irreversible scar lesions. What are the causes of AMD? The main causal factor of AMD is the age. Over 50 increases the risk of developing the disease. As age increases, the risk increases almost exponentially. The second factor involved in the origin of the 40 Paper and Cotton

disease is the genetic factor. A positive family history means a higher risk of developing the disease. Among the environmental factors , tobacco was established as causal factor. Patients who smoke many cigarettes a day have higher risk then general population to have AMD. Other environmental factors have been implicated as prolonged exposure to sunlight, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, changes in cholesterol levels, etc...However there are still no irrefutable data that relate those factors to the risk of developing AMD. How is AMD manifested? For years AMD may have a silent evolution with formation of the first macular degenerative changes without the patient detects perceptible visual changes. Only the ophthalmologist detects early changes. It is possible to establish the risk of each patient to develop advanced forms of the disease. It should be noted as well the importance of holding regular ophthalmology appointment in all people over 50 years. In consultation observation of the fundus can identify eyes at risk, inform about the disease, prescribe anti-oxidants therapies and distribute simple tests like watching weekly Amsler grid, easy to perform at home, to detect early signs of the exsudative form. The first symptoms of the exsudative form are decreased central vision, spots appearing in the visual field and distortion of the images. If these symptoms appear, the patient should be seen urgently by an ophthalmologist.

Figure 1 - Early stages of disease with the presence of multiple drusen in fundus of an asymptomatic patient.

Figure 2 - Dry form of the disease with retinal atrophy in the macular area.

Figure 3 - Exsudative or neovascular form with choroidal neovessels under the macula and retinal haemorrhages.

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How to test your vision? Every week you should look at this grid with your reading glasses, placing the test at normal reading distance. Should first test the right eye by covering the left eye and then test the left eye covering the right. Must fix the central point and see if the grid appears complete and without distorted lines. If there is an area that you don’t see the grid or see wavy lines, you should urgently consult your ophthalmologist.

than in untreated patients. In 2004 began to arise new treatments with intra-vitreous injection of anti-angiogenic drugs. Injections are made in the eye-ball with drugs that allow inhibiting the growth of abnormal vessels. When performed by trained ophthalmologists and in aseptic conditions, are almost painless and safe. They are performed on an outpatient basis. At this time in Portugal there are two drugs approved for the treatment of exsudative AMD: pegaptanib (Macugen®) and ranibizumab (Lucentis®), with application of 6/6 or 4/4 weeks, respectively. There is a third drug, which was approved to intravenous use in the treatment of colon-rectal cancer metastasized, bevacizumab (Avastin®), which can be used for intra-vitreous injection offlabel , that means outside the information appearing on the medicine leaflet.

Amsler Grid

What are the treatments available for AMD? The atrophic form of AMD is untreatable, can only be done supplementation with vitamins and antioxidants, which at high doses seem to reduce the risk of progression to advanced forms of the disease. For the exsudative form there is treatment that should be initiated as soon as possible.

Macugen ® was the first commercially available and may be used to treat a greater number of lesions than Visudyne®. However, the mean ocular vision is similar to that of treated patients undergoing photodynamic therapy and continued to decrease over time. The other two drugs have better visual results. Avastin ® for off-label use, implies acceptance more informed by the patient of the potential risks, but seems to be effective and safe in the short term. There is a fourth drug, VEGF trap (Eylea ®), which is already approved in the U.S. and is pending approval by the supervision of the drug (EMA). This product allows to obtain results similar to Lucentis ® but with longer duration of action and therefore, probably, patients requiring less injections. It is anticipated its adoption in Portugal in 2013.

Do patients have to leave Portugal for treatment? Until 2000 the only treatment for exsudative AMD was laser. Allowed only treat a small number of patients who had lessions with well-defined characteristics. It was a treatment aimed at the destruction of neovessels but simultaneously caused a retinal burn and took itself to severe visual loss. In 2000 came the photo-dynamic therapy with Verteporfirin (Visudyne ®), the first selective treatment allowing destroy neovessels with relative sparing of the adjacent retina. However not allowed to treat all injuries and despite treatment, the vision of patients on average continued to decline, but less 42 Paper and Cotton

The treatments involve hospitalization and limitations?

Right now all of these treatments are available in Portugal. Should be performed by a doctor who specializes in the treatment of retinal diseases. The intra-vitreous injection are done in operating room or in rooms that meet the aseptic conditions necessary to avoid the risk of serious intraocular infection (endophtalmitis). Are done with local

anesthesia, quick and relatively painless. They take place on an outpatient basis, and the patient return home after treatment. They do not imply limitations on the life of patients both before and after treatment. Only it is not advisable to practice or attend swimming pools in the first days after treatment. Is the patient permanently cured? The drugs administered into the vitreous have a lasting effect limited in time. Patients need to be reassessed by their retina specialist after each treatment to decide if they need another injection. The number of injections required by each patient is variable from case to case. Since this is a chronic disease, even after cessation of treatment, patients have to be screened and monitored regularly by the retina specialist, because relapses can occur and retreatment should be done as early as possible.

Where treatments can be performed for the AMD?

Vision of an eye without AMD

The treatments of exsudative AMD are made in Portugal in the hospitals of the National Health Service (NHS) and in private clinics, which have distinguished experts in the treatment of retinal pathology. In the level of the NHS it is mainly the central hospitals that currently have the drugs and meet the conditions for carrying out treatments and have medical and technical personnel and diagnostic tests for monitoring patients. A patient with signs or symptoms of AMD should not be waiting for an external medical appointment. If there is any doubt he should consult an ophthalmologist as soon as possible or use an emergency ophthalmology, because the earlier it is treated, the greater the chances of mantaining a good visual function.

Vision of an eye with AMD

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Easter Island and “the errant statues�

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Rapa Nui – island of rare beauty where the green landscape is dotted with Moai. By: Maria da Luz Freitas

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Easter Island or Rapa Nui is known for its errant statues and all its story is wrapped in mystery!

Easter Island, known to the natives as Rapa Nui, is located in the middle of the Pacific Ocean. It is an autonomous region of Chile, composed about five thousand inhabitants and an area of approximately 164 km2. Of the five thousand inhabitants, two thousand are native Rapanui. Legend says that the early settlers polynesians arrived by canoe to the southeastern coast of the island (Anakena Beach) for about a thousand years after navigating over two thousand Km in the Pacific Ocean. There lived in different tribes with a paleolithic culture until Dutch Admiral Jacob Roggeveen in 1722, visited the island. He found a civilization who dwelt in caves or rudimentary dwellings, divided by clashes between clans and resorting to cannibalism.

But Rapa Nui is known for its “ errant statues “the Moai. Across the island there are some hundreds of moai and its history is involved in mysteries. The Moai were carved in volcanic tuff at a quarry (Rana Raruku) and, according to the local belief, embodied the spirits of deified ancestors. To the natives the moai were animated by a spiritual force transmitted by powerful ancestors - the mana. This strength is what made them move around the island, and can cover distances greater than 15 km.

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Rapa Nui is an island of rare beauty ... What is certain is that the method of transport of these statues, which may be up to 10 meters height and weight of several tons, is unknown. It is known that the natives do not knew the wheel or had animals of large scale. The moai scattered throughout the island, are often near the coastline on platforms (the ahu) and facing away from the sea. Ahu Tongariki Paper and Cotton 47

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Pacific Ocean bathing the shores of the island

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After being placed on the platforms (the ahu) they were animated by placing white coral eyes with obsidian or red scoria pupils, in orbits. Many of them were adorned with hats (the pukoa). The pukoa, reddish slag were produced in another volcanic quarry, not Rano Raruku (Puna Pau). In the century. XIX all moai were knocked down, not knowing the protagonists or natural phenomena involved in this drop. It is known however that in 1960, many of the moai were pushed into the island by a tsunami that broke inclusive some of them.

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Pukoa with coral eyes

The rugged coastline

Rapa Nui is an island of rare beauty, where the green is the dominant color and where its coast rugged, is buffeted by wind and rain throughout the year. The landscape is green peppered everywhere by moai, horses and sheep. I would like to highlight the main archaeological four points:

Horses dots the green fields

- Rano Raruku, the volcano of the southeast of the island, where moai are at all stages of finish. It is known as the Quarry. - Ahu Tongariki, Poika Peninsula, northeast of the island, where is the largest ahu (platform) of moai - 15 moai back facing the sea.

Rano Raruku - the quarry

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Ahu Tongariki

- Ahu Akivi in the western part of the island, where we find more 7 moai standing, restored in 60’s by a team American / Chilean. Here the moai placed in their ahu, are facing the sea. - In the northern part of the island, Anakena Beach, there is a row of moai (four of which with a pukoa), restored in the 70’s by a native.

Anakena beach

Here is also the largest moai standing of the island. In addition to being the site thought to have happened the first landing settlers, there is a coconut plantation that makes Ahu Akivi 52 Paper and Cotton

it one of the most paradisiacal places of the island. It has become a meeting point for many tourists and locals to enjoy the nature at all hours of the day and dip in the turquoise waters of the Pacific. Rapa Nui was annexed by Chile in 1888 but until 1953 was run by a scottish company. Today, the inhabitants depend on Chile and live from

The biggest MOAI of the island

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Map showing the location of various MOAI and its relative proximity to Chile. 54 Paper and Cotton

tourism. It has a only town, Hanga Roa, has a fishing harbor and every year recalls their ancestors with a festival of dances, games and traditions. But throughout the year the spirit Rapanui populate the island. The optimum period to enjoy this island is from November to March. I do not wanna say goodbye without remembering the crater of volcano Rano Kau in

the southern part of the island, which is filled with water, and takes different colors throughout the day. It is one of the highest locations of the island, where you can appreciate the immensity of sea and go back to the century XVIII and XIX, where they performed the ceremonial feast of Man Bird in the housing complex of Orongo, built to accommodate the different tribes that fought for power.

How to get there: The Lan Chile is the airline that flies to Easter Island. The plane can be taken in Santiago Chile or in Papeete, Tahiti. There are four weekly flights.

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Mail from Readers

In response to our request for sending emails and suggestions we had answers from several readers. Thanks to all who kindly wrote. Failing to publish all, here are some:

“Congratulations on your magazine. I love creative work and your magazine has plenty of examples. “ I would like to suggest a project for the next edition: REUSE GLASS BOTTLES Paula Fragoso (7/11/2012)

-*“I’ve seen your magazine and I have to say that I really enjoyed. I am writing to congratulate you and remain so. Here in Portugal shortage of scrap magazines (...) we often have to resort to international magazines and (...) it’s a shame because we are a very creative people (...) I loved the graphics that the magazine offers. I want to undoubtedly be a subscriber of this new magazine. “ Lot’s of success! Carina Jorge (23/10/2012) -*“I downloaded the first free issue through the Inspire page on facebook and loved the magazine. (...) I live in Sweden and also prefer to save magazines on computer. “ Thank you so much! Ana Virginia (7/11/2012) -*56 Paper and Cotton

“(...) I want to congratulate you for this innovative project between us and seize the opportunity that is giving fans of the craft, to present their works in the magazine (...) My passion is patchwork and meshwork and I have a blog: “o”.

Conceição Boga (5/11/2012) -*“I’ve been through this email send a scrapbooking work, (...) to publish in the January issue of your magazine, which I liked very much and look forward to the 2nd number! (...)”

Susete Montemor -*“I read the magazine to detail and was really blown away ... Your magazine has everything to do with me (...) I like it, has huge tips!” Congratulations and much success! Maria João Vitó (11/11/2012)

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Living and Loving your Creative Self

The next edition will be on sale from April 2013. The main themes will be: Spring and Mother’s Day.

Customized Notebook cover Bag with Japanese style Zentangle Cards Suggestions for Mother’s Day Scrapbooking

e! t issu x ks e n ur r wor o u o n i y ipate cts l with Partic s an emai s for proje n u Send suggestio ur or yo uld like o for: you w published t to see tton.p o c d n era @pap l a r e g

We wish you all a Happy Year and many creative ideas! Join us! 60 Paper and Cotton

Paper And Cotton - English Version  

Scrapbooking, paper crafting, crafts, patchwork and creative sewing magazine

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