Page 1

$1.25 Clark Reed Eye on Agribusiness Page 9

Dawn Verkler Town and Country Page 11

Dr. Beverly Chevallier Rotating to a Healthy Flock Page 14

Pete McCollough Youth in Agriculture Page 16

July 1, 2013 Volume 7, Number 6 • 24 Pages

In This Issue Rumors - Everyone’s Talking About It Just A Thought - Columnists & Editorials Jerry Crownover, Dusty Richards, Lynzee Glass 7-16 Meet Your Neighbors How They’re Doing Things Down the Road Eye on Agribusiness, Ozarks Roots, Town & Country, Agriculture’s Youth 12-13 Markets 17 Ag-Visors - Advice from the Professionals Ag Law with John Alan Cohan 18-23 Farm Help - Making Farming a Little Easier What Do You Say, Farm Calendar 23 Classifieds 2


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Jack and Kay Carmody make adjustments to their indoor arena for easy management. Read more on page 10. Photo by Donna Parker Ozarks Farm & Neighbor accepts story suggestions from readers. Story information appears as gathered from interviewees. Ozarks Farm & Neighbor assumes no responsibility for the credibility of statements made by interviewees. © Copyright Ozarks Farm & Neighbor, Inc. 2013. All rights reserved. Printed in U.S.A..

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Everyone’s talkin’ about it

Four State Farm Show The 2013 Four State Farm Show will be held July 19-21, south of Pittsburg, Kan. The show will begin at 7:30 a.m. on Friday and Saturday, 8 a.m. on Sunday and will close at 3 p.m. all three days. The Farm Show will feature 700 booths with exhibitors displaying the latest farm equipment, seed, feed, agri-chemicals, livestock equipment, farm buildings, grain and feed bins, tools, tires, trailers, ATVs, utility vehicles and more. The show features free parking and free admission. For more information call 620-421-9450.

FSA County Committee Elections The election of agricultural producers to Farm Service Agency (FSA) county committees is important to all farmers and ranchers. It is crucial that every eligible producer participate in these elections because FSA county committees are a link between the agricultural community and the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). FSA County Committee nomination period opened June 17, 2013 and will concluded August 1, 2013. Nomination forms are available at your local USDA Service Center office. Ballots will be mailed to eligible voters this fall. For more information contact your local FSA office.

Emergency Conservation Program Signup Dates Announced A tornado caused severe damage this May in the southeast area of Ottawa County. Farms and ranches experiencing damage may be eligible for cost-share assistance under EPC. Signup dates are June 17, 2013 through August 2, 2013. EPC is made available to farmers and ranchers if the damage will be so costly to rehabilitate that Federal assistance is or will be needed to return the land to productive agricultural use; is unusual and is not the type that would recur frequently in the same area; affect the productive capacity of the farmland or will impair and endanger the land. A producer qualifying for ECP assistance may receive costshare levels not to exceed 75 percent of the eligible cost of restoration measures. The program provides cost-share for the following practices: removing of debris from farmland, pastureland or hayfields, restoring permanent fences and repairing permanent fences. Producers who have suffered a loss from a natural disaster may contact the Ottawa/Delaware FSA County office at 918-542-4576, ext. 2.

Rocking S Ranch Field Day The Rocking S Ranch is hosting a field day on August 10, 2013, at the Ranch in Bristow, Okla. The day’s events will kick off with registration at 9 a.m., followed by a juniors, seniors and adults judging contest that begins at 10 a.m. Rocking S Ranch is awarding a $2,000 certificate to top junior or senior individual towards purchase of any 2013 Purebred Charolais Heifer from the ranch. The day’s activities will also include a presentation by Lloyd DeBruycker of DeBruycker Ranch in Dutton, Mont. Rocking S Ranch will host a ranch tour at 3 p.m. There will also be an Oklahoma Charolais meeting at 4 p.m. For more information contact Charles Smith at 918-633-9594.

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hat a difference a year makes! At this same time last summer I had just finished harvesting a smaller-than-normal hay crop, only to have to start feeding it to the cow herd during the last week of June. The pastures had withered under relentless heat that reached near 100 degrees or above almost every day. Rain was nowhere to be found for most of the summer and fall as we endured the worst drought of my lifetime. For all of 2012, it seemed as if conditions might never return to normal. Fall slowly turned into the winter that wasn’t, as moisture only occurred in the slightest forms of minor sleet, freezing rain or skiffs of snow. It was the first winter I can remember where I never once had to chop ice on the few ponds that still had water in them. Would we ever get enough runoff to refill the empty craters? Then came March and our first significant snowfall in two years. It was welcome on my place if for no other reason than sheer moisture. More snow fell in April as well as some meaningful precipitation. I even had a total of 4

inches of snow on May 3 and 4, something I had never seen in my lifetime. And the rain continued and continues to the point that it has been difficult to find enough dry days in a row to make hay. I haven’t been able to unlock the 4-wheel drive hubs of my farm truck since March – but I’m not complaining. Having lunch with a couple of old friends at the stockyards café last week, I told them of extraordinary yields I was obtaining from my hayfields. They concurred that they were also getting 50100 percent more bales of hay this year than last. “And have you ever seen grass grow any taller than it has this year?” One of my buddies asked. We both had to agree that we could not remember a time when any of the grass hays had grown to the height it was this year. I wondered, out loud, if it was because the grass plants didn’t get the chance to grow any, at all, last season. About the time we were beginning to mull over that profound statement and reach a ‘scientific consensus,’ an elderly gentleman who had to be pushing 90 Continued on Page 6

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In This Section – Jerry Crownover – Words from the older and wiser.............................Above – Dusty Richards – Desire to be a cowboy.......................................................p. 4 – Lynzee Glass – Farm Bill fails in the House..................................................p. 5

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By Dusty Richards

he wonder of an email came to the front last Sunday when a lady from Colorado sent me a message asking about my reference to riding polo ponies at Oak Brook as a boy. She too had ridden polo ponies there. I had to go way back to living in the Chicago suburbs when I was 12 years old. Back then I had a terrible thirst and desire to be a cowboy growing up. We lived in eastern Washington State when I was in the second and third grades. We were very isolated from civilization at an electric power plant along the Milwaukee Railroad in the sagebrush. Three houses, their families and three steam engineers ran the small coal fired power plant around the clock that supplied the energy for trains on those tracks. Our neighbors were big ranchers, the Peterson family. They never had electric trains growing up. I had three Lionel trains and those grown cowboys came to run them at our house. I got to sit on a broke pony at roundup. Neat trade for a guy who wanted to be a cowboy. We left there because the change to diesel was soon going to close those power plants. Mother wanted to move back East. So we ended up in the suburbs of Chicago where we had chickens, rabbits and goats anyway, but no pony or horse. But by the time I was in the sixth grade and had discovered the polo grounds at Oak Brook. Now today, mind you, a 12-year-old boy couldn’t work there. Maybe that is what is wrong with our kids today – they have no chores or jobs until they are 16 or 18 and by then they don’t want to work. I found out if you helped the Texas cowboys caring for the polo horses that


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you got to ride them when they exercised them. That meant wheelbarrowing horse manure, washing and brushing the horses. But they exercised the horses on the bridle paths for several hours and that meant leading some too. Also riding them over to the grounds and then cooling them off when they came out of the game all sweaty and hot. It was big deal with lots of horse riding and fun. Plus the polo players would tip you a few dollars. So you worked and got paid. During summer break I was there at least three days a week. This lady saw some comment I made about working polo horses at Oak Brook. She and her sister did the same thing a decade or so later. So we shared a few notes on those times. It was a fabulous summer deal, getting paid to ride horses and be around the cowboys who handled them. Well today underage boys and girls can’t work there. What a shame. My father came home one day and said we could move to Phoenix, Ariz. He had a job out there. No snowy cold winters and citrus trees in our yard. I knew all about Arizona, I’d read Zane Grey’s books. So I was all for moving there. A cowboy’s dream came true, we were going back West. And I had several horses there, worked on ranches, searched superstitions for the Lost Dutchman mine and really thought I was in heaven. See what an email can draw up. God bless you and America. Western novelist Dusty Richards and his wife Pat live on Beaver Lake in northwest Arkansas. For more information about his books you can email Dusty by visiting and clicking on ‘Contact Us’ or call 1-866-532-1960.

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Easier Hookups • Less Stress On Equipment am sure by now you’ve heard that the U.S. House of Representatives failed to pass the 2013 Farm Bill with a final vote announced as 195 to 234. The rejected farm bill comes after members were divided over food subsidies and food stamps. Oppositions from both sides have surfaced over the last week or so. But majority of the ag groups have expressed their disappointment. “We are extremely disappointed in the vote against the farm bill,” said Mike Spradling, president of the Oklahoma Farm Bureau. “Oklahoma’s farmers and ranchers need a farm bill now to help them plan for their next crop. No business can successfully operate without a plan and this negative vote will indefinitely delay business decisions.” President of Dairy Farmers of America John Wilson issued a statement about the impact on the Dairy Market Stabilization Program. “Although today has been disappointing, the dairy industry has shown its resiliency in the past, and continued optimism and action is the only option as we look to the future. We express sincere thanks to all


who made Send us your favorite calls, attended summer recipes! meetings and Email them to: sent important emails to their or mail them to: PO Box 6, legislators. This Prairie Grove, AR participation is 72753 imperative as we look to the future and make dairy policy reform a reality.” I can’t help but ask; now what happens after September’s extension ends? It is my understanding, according to The Washington Post, that the House Republicans will have to start over or go to conference without a bill and try to negotiate something with the Senate. But what if Congress can’t pass a farm bill at all? The Washington Posts writes, “In theory, the country would eventually revert to the agricultural rules written back in 1949, when the last permanent farm bill was enacted (subsequent bills have all been temporary). That 1949 act was crafted for a very different United States, with smaller crop production and higher

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consumer prices. So, for instance, dairy prices would skyrocket once outdated price supports came back into effect. “Not everything would revert, though: Other programs, such as food stamps and crop insurance, would continue indefinitely without changes, since those are permanent programs.”

I guess all we can do now is continue to urge our legislators to pass a farm bill that is focused on the future that gives farmers a consistent funding model not a temporary fix. Best wishes,

Life is Simple PO Box 6, Prairie Grove, AR 72753


Continued from Page 3 and had been seated at the table behind one of my friends, shuffled by our table while relying on his old, wooden cane for steadiness. “I couldn’t help but hear what you kids were talking about and I’d like to add my two cents,” he interjected. Having just turned 61 and still the youngest at the table, I was feeling complimented that he had just referred to us as ‘kids,’ but invited him to jump right in. “A May snowfall will cause grass to grow to record heights,” he added. “I’ve seen it happen every time.” “Every time?” I asked. “Well, I guess I should have said both times.”

The old man ambled away without another word as my friends and I looked at each other in amazement. “It’s as good of an explanation as any we were going to come up with,” one of my friends stated. We all nodded in agreement and went back to eating. Jerry Crownover is a farmer and former professor of Agriculture Education at Missouri State University. He is a native of Baxter County, Arkansas, and an author and professional speaker. To contact Jerry about his books, or to arrange speaking engagements, you may contact him by calling 1-866-532-1960 or visiting and clicking on ‘Contact Us.’

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How they’re doing things down the road

A Trade for Family Eddie McCoin uses his cattle trading background to turn a profit on his farm By Terry Ropp here are as many ways to run a successful cattle operation as there are people. Eddie and Teresa McCoin of Afton, Okla., are among the more unusual because they run an operation based on cattle trading. Eddie comes from a long line of traders beginning with his grandfather and great-grandfather who were well-known horse traders. Eddie’s father

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traded horses of all kinds and had an excellent reputation. Eddie’s father also traded cattle, which is where Eddie learned most of his skills. One of the more important skills he learned was being able to accurately judge the weight of cattle. When Eddie went off on his own, he traveled extensively buying cattle for individuals and feedlots who depended upon his expertise. Eddie said, “I was pretty good at it, but it’s not of much use anymore because of the Internet and the preweighing process at sale barns has pretty much eliminated any need for estimation. However, I still occasionally buy for some individuals.” Then he added about sons Cutter and Clay, “Now that I’ve got these boys, I like staying home.” The boys are preparing for a 4-H rodeo where they will test their roping skills for the first time. Eddie runs a streamlined and efficient cattle operation and uses his buying skills for his own advantage. He goes to the sale barns several times a week where he buys heifers that he breeds and



Photo by Terry Ropp

Eddie and Teresa McCoin pass their farming passion on to their six-year-old sons Cutter and Clay by getting them involved in 4-H. then sells pregnant. He also buys 200 to 300 pound calves to sell when they reach a weight of 500 to 800 pounds depending upon market fluctuations. Eddie said, “I look for calves that I think I can make money on. Everybody’s got a different opinion, but I seldom lose money.” The couple’s operation consists of 80 momma cows, 3 black bulls and up to 120 calves on 400 acres that was part of the family’s original homestead. Eddie rotates his calves and leaves the cows in a big pasture. The youngest calves are put in a small lot near the house for about a month so they become accustomed to their new home

and Eddie’s presence. He buys hay locally and feeds 14 percent creep feed and free-choice minerals. Unlike his father, Eddie uses a truck rather than a horse for daily chores. Teresa said, “I’m not much of a cowgirl and have ridden our horse only once, but I’ve been around the cattle all the time.” Teresa’s days are spent as a district office supervisor for probation and parole for the Oklahoma Department of Correction. Her position covers a 14 County area and a staff of 60. However, like her husband, the boys are the center of everything. Teresa said, “We live the best kind of life for raising kids and can’t imagine doing anything else.”

In This Section – Eddie McCoin comes from a long line of cattle traders..........................Above – King Opera House brings tradition to a rural Arkansas town......................p. 8 – Eye on Agribusiness with Morrow Country Store & Morrow Plumbing.....p. 9 – Jack and Kay Carmody have a passion for trail riding...............................p. 10

July 1, 2013

– Town and Country features Mike and Dawn Verkler................................p. 11 – Dr. Beverly Chevallier focuses on pasture management............................p. 14 – Youth in Agriculture spotlights Pete McCollough....................................p. 16

Ozarks Farm & Neighbor

Pg. 7


Preserving Historic Harmony King Opera House entertains the Ozarks for 115 years By Terry Ropp tarting in the 1800s, opera houses were the social and informational center for communities. Old downtown Van Buren, Ark., which has


L to R: Janice Ross and Allen Lazenby

been restored to a tourist friendly historic district has cafés and shops, as well as an old opera house named King Opera House, the subject of a documentary to be filmed later this year.

In the late 1880s, the lot of the current location first housed a grocery store that was later developed into a commercial building divided between two business locations on the first floor with the Van Buren Press upstairs. H.P. King purchased the building in 1898 when a nearby opera house burned down. Inspired by a trip east with his wife where the couple saw the newest rage, vaudeville, H.P. was determined to build, “the most modern and up-to-date opera house in the state.” His plan was to adapt and expand the current commercial location by building a three-story structure on the back of the existing building and then knocking out the wall between them. The three-story structure became the stage and the auditorium. Also included were the newest bent wood style chairs and two fire hydrants, one on each side of the stage. Building began early in February 1901, with the Van Buren Press printing weekly updates on construction such as when the foundation would be poured, the acquisition of bricks and the purchase of chairs. In addition to entertainment, dinners for balls were held on the stage with the audience chairs moved to the side to make room for dancing. Other public venues included the Confederate Veterans and Sons of Veterans reunions, conferences of various kinds, town meetings, political speeches and travelogues. The first performance, the opera Faust, was staged on October 18, 1901. Though the attendance was all H.P. could’ve hoped for, the opera was perhaps not the best selection and was not well received. Locals were more interested in vaudeville, farce and band concerts, which soon filled the opera house’s calendar. In 1914, the structure caught fire, changed hands and became the Van

Buren Moving Picture House. However, top vaudeville acts and other performances were still booked. In the 1930s, local boy Bob Burns became famous, first as a radio comedian with whimsical tales of his Arkansas “kinfolk” and later as a movie actor. In the 1960s, the opera house was bought by Malco and used as a movie theater until 1974. In 1979, the structure was bought by the city of Van Buren which then hired a young architect from the University of Arkansas to refurbish the structure in the original period style. The current opera house has one paid employee, Janice Ross, who manages the rental facility. Offerings include live music shows and stage productions as well as dance recitals and antique shows. Janice said, “I have loved music since I was a 4-year-old kid and woke my daddy by singing to him. Working here gives me a purpose and keeps me around music.” Early this June, a group called the “Wanna Beez” performed to an enthusiastic audience. William Burcham, who specializes in Johnny Cash songs said, “I love singing here because the place has great acoustics and you feel like you are singing in your own living room.” Of course, this opera house has a ghost. Janice explained, “We think he’s an actor who was married and murdered in town in 1903 when a father thought he was going to run away with his daughter. He is always seen in a top hat and frock coat, which may have been one of his costumes.” Allen Lazenby, who sings Conway Twitty and Elvis songs said, “One day I was by myself in a basement dressing room and I heard someone ask a question through the door. When I went out, no one was there and no one had been down there but me.”

Photo by Terry Ropp

Pg. 8

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Thrilled with Trails Jack and Kay Carmody transition from training and showing horses to enjoying trail rides By Donna Parker ack and Kay Carmody live in a beautiful and privately located area where their ranch spreads out over 100 acres of spring green pastures and wooded areas near Hartman, Ark. Their home is over 140 years old. “It used to be an old nunnery and when our house burnt, I moved this building out here and made it our new house,” said Jack. “It Photo by Donna Parker took a lot of work because I also worked a full time job and broke selves coming and going. Jack suggested horses too.” the couple get into trail riding, so the Jack stated, “Horses have been in my couple joined the American Quarter life forever.” Jack broke and trained Horse Association (AQHA). “We horses for himself, his sons and other started gathering points,” said Kay, “and people. This helped supplement his we won bridles, buckles and trophys of income as he raised his five boys. all sorts.” Kay had always had horses too, so the With encouragement from son, Chris, couple had a lot in common with loving Jack purchased an indoor arena. Jack horses and competing in horse events. explained that Chris is a dreamer, always The couple started showing with dreaming, whereas Jack is the detail Westark Horse Show Association and man. So they put the two together and showed for over 10 they now have an indoor arena with a years. Jack was on really fancy barn. The arena has no sides the board and yet but it is a Kay was vice covered arena. president and Jack designed over fundraisthe stalls to ing where they make them more raised over accessible after $10,000. At years of doing Hartman, Ark. that time they things the were in so many hard way. horse shows that they were meeting themContinued on Page 15


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COUNTRY Town and

In the field and in the office

Mike and Dawn Verkler In Town: Mike and Dawn Verkler is busy couple from the small community of Woodlawn, Ark., near Lonoke. Mike is retired from the Little Rock Police Department and Dawn is a principle with the Cabot School District. In the Country: Mike and Dawn have owned their farm for 26 years this October. The Woodlawn Ranch consists of 206 acres and over the years they have leased up to 1,200 acres. At full capacity the ranch runs 150 to 200 momma cows. In addition to cattle they raise horses and own an arena. Mike said, “Up until about seven or eight years ago, we had 50 mares with a 100 percent foal crop, so you can imagine halter breaking 50 colts a year and trying to teach them to lead.� Mike and Dawn allow their horse arena and facilities to be used by the local community. They also allow their land to be used for Saturday night horse shows. Mike said, “One of the reasons I built this arena is to let the community use it. We have anywhere from 15 to 20 people that come over and ride and sometimes they are strangers. We figure if kids are here riding then they aren’t out getting into trouble.�

Making it work: Like most rural families Mike and Dawn have had to work off the farm to support their dream of running this farm. Mike’s family recently went on vacation to Florida but he stayed home to work on the farm. Mike said, “In order to supplement our farm and build up our ranch we’ve both had to work off the farm.� Story and Photo by Benjamin Dyson






COMMITTED. STRONG. RELIABLE. TRUSTED. MEMBER-OWNED. We are more than 5,100 member-owners across western Arkansas                 With $950 million in assets, our Farm Credit serves agriculture, our 

                  !"   "##! % &  cash back in our pockets! We’re Farm Credit.

800-444-3276 July 1, 2013


Ozarks Farm & Neighbor


Pg. 11

Market Sale

Slaughter Cows

53.00-93.50 † 63.00-88.00 † 68.00-87.00† 58.00-91.00 † 55.00-90.00† 5 No Sale † 72.00-88.50† 65.00-92.00 † 6 60.00-87.50 † 6 65.00-91.00 * 6 62.00-88.00* 6 78.00-87.00 * 78.00-92.00 * 67.00-90.00 * Not Reported* 68.00-87.00 * 6


Slaughter Bulls

Decatur Livestock Auction Farmers & Ranchers - Vinita, Okla. Mo-Ark - Exeter Poor Boy Livestock Auction Stilwell Livestock Auction







Ash Flat

El Reno

Ft. Smith

Green Forest

Highlandville, Mo. • CRS Sale’s Co. • 6/13/13

Receipts: 184 The supply and demand were light. The supply included 20 percent slaughter and feeder lambs; 11 percent slaughter ewes; 32 percent kid goats; 27 percent slaughter nannies and billies; 10 percent replacement nannies and pairs. All prices per hundred weight unless noted otherwise. Sheep Slaughter Lambs: Choice and Prime 2-3 wooled and shorn

Heber Springs





Siloam Springs



Week of 5/26/13

133.75 130.25 135.92 132.91 ** ** **


* **


132.00 STEERS


145.83 150.93 147.56 147.16


** ** **





* **

132.04 *

126.96 130.95 131.53 132.55 133.22

Markets 146.84

Farmer’s Livestock - Springdale Ft. Smith Livestock Auction I-40 Livestock Auction - Ozark Joplin Regional Stockyards North Arkansas Livestock - Green Forest OKC West - El Reno, Okla. Ouachita Livestock Auction - Ola Ozarks Regional Stockyard - West Plains Tulsa Stockyards, Inc. Cattlemen’s Livestock Auction Clinton Livestock Auction

86.50-105.00 † 880.00-103.50† Not Reported † 880.00-100.00 † 93.50-114.00 † 884.00-100.00 † 99.00-106.00 † 82.00-110.00 † 95.00-102.00† No Sale † 997.00-111.50† 886.00-109.50 † 887.00-103.00 † 888.00-108.00* 990.00-104.00 * 90.00-103.00 * 92.00-110.00 * 100.00-109.00* Not Reported * 888.00-105.00*

*** *

Independently Reported

USDA Verified & Reported

(Week of 6/16/13 to 6/22/13) Ash Flat Livestock Benton County Sale Barn Cleburne County Livestock Auction - Heber Springs County Line Sale - Ratcliff

*** *






Receipts: 1037 Compared to last month, few feeder lambs sold 15 higher; slaughter lambs sold 40 lower; slaughter ewes traded 10 lower; few slaughter rams sold 5 lower. Slaughter billies sold 10 higher, nannies sold 13 higher, slaughter kids sold 25 lower, feeder kids sold 17 lower and yearlings in light supply; Demand light and supply moderate. Sheep made up approximately 56 percent of the offering, 44 percent goats. Prices quoted are per cwt. unless otherwise noted. Slaughter Lambs: Choice 1-2 47-75 lbs, 92.00-105.00. Choice 2-3 44-70 lbs, 87.50-92.50. Yearling: Choice 1-2 few 110-155 lbs 70.00-82.00.



Jackson, Mo. • Fruitland Livestock Aution • 6/21/13



Sheep & Goat Markets


Stilwell Livestock Auction

5 Area (Tx-Ok, Ks, Neb, Ia, Colo) Live Basis Sales - Over 80% Choice Steers: 120.00-122.50; wtd. avg. price 121.41. Heifers: 119.50-122.00; wtd. avg. price 121.15. Dressed Basis Sales - Over 80% Choice Steers: 191.00-195.00; wtd. avg. price 193.87. Heifers: 192.00-195.00; wtd. avg. price 193.92.


Mo-Ark - Exeter Poor Boy Livestock Auction

Midwest - High Plains Direct Slaughter Cattle • 6/23/13

138.00 133.45 141.40 142.44 145.82

Decatur Livestock Auction Farmers & Ranchers - Vinita, Okla.

Feeder Lambs: Medium and Large 1-2 20-39 lbs, 135.00150.00. Slaughter Ewes: Utility and Good 2-3 95-126 lbs, 35.0051.00. Slaughter Rams: Utility and Good 2-3 few 135-188 lbs, 44.00-45.00. Replacement Ewes: Medium and Large 1-2 pkg 126 lbs 100.00. Goats: Kid: Selection 1 44-69 lbs 167.50-175.00; fancy pkg 69 lbs, 180.00; 78-81 lbs, 135.00-147.50. Selection 1-2 43-53 lbs, 155.00-162.00. Selection 3 pkg 55 lbs, 140.00. Does/Nannies: Selection 1 few 60-115 lbs, 95.00-105.00. Selection 2 few 82-127 lbs, 55.00-70.00. Selection 3 pkg 127 lbs, 55.00. Billies: Bulk medium flesh few 100-155 lbs, 112.50-117.50. Replacement Classes: Selection 1-2 Does/Nannies few 85-138 lbs, 110.00-125.00. Stocker/Feeder Kids: Selection 1-2 20-39 lbs 137.00-152.50.

Beef Cattle


Farmer’s Livestock Ft. Smith Livestock Auction I-40 Livestock - Ozark Joplin Regional Stockyards North Arkansas Livestock OKC West - El Reno, Okla. Ouachita Livestock Auction - Ola Ozarks Regional Stockyard - West Plains Tulsa Stockyards, Inc. Cattlemen’s Livestock Auction Clinton Livestock Auction


* Independently reporte

*** *

Independently Reported

USDA Verified & Reported

(Week of 6/16/13 to 6/22/13)

54.00-95.00 † Ash Flat Livestock 58.00-92.50† 5 Benton County Sale Barn Cleburne County Livestock Auction - Heber Springs Not Reported † 64.00-78.50 † County Line Sale - Ratcliff


Week of 6/2/13

Prices Based on Weighted Average for Steers and Heifers 550-600 lbs.

Stocker & Fe


USDA Verified and Reported

Trend Steers, Medium and Large 1 300-400 400-500 500-600 600-700 700-800

lbs. lbs. lbs. lbs. lbs.

Bulls, Medium and Large 1 300-400 400-500 500-600 600-700 700-800

lbs. lbs. lbs. lbs. lbs.

Heifers,Medium & Large 1 300-400 400-500 500-600 600-700 700-800

lbs. lbs. lbs. lbs. lbs.

Pg. Pg. 12 12






Steady-5 Higher


170.00-175.00 150.00-155.00 135.00-151.00 127.50-137.50 120.00

168.00-169.00 151.00-168.00 135.00-155.00 129.00-139.00 126.00-128.50

––––– 140.00-150.00 ––––– 121.00-127.00 115.00-120.00

155.00-169.00 141.00-168.00 133.50-155.00 120.00-136.00 122.00-124.00

140.00-150.00 137.00-142.00 132.00-141.00 129.00-134.00 120.00-132.00

––––– 140.00-157.00 129.00-145.50 123.00-129.00 129.00-130.00


























3-5 Higher


Steady-9 Higher

Steady-5 Higher

Steady-4 Higher


––––– ––––– ––––– ––––– –––––

167.50-175.00 168.00-173.00 138.00-151.00 130.00-140.50 127.00-131.50

165.00-182.50 156.00-176.00 136.00-158.00 134.00-141.00 –––––

172.00-185.00 154.00-163.00 135.00-149.00 127.50-137.00 128.00-129.00

164.00-175.00 154.00-168.00 135.00-147.00 129.00-136.00 –––––

163.00 155.00-163.00 141.00-158.50 133.50-150.00 130.00-139.00

160.00-178.00 149.00-163.00 137.00-155.00 124.00-144.00 115.00-137.00

–––– –––– –––– –––– ––––

––––– ––––– ––––– ––––– –––––

––––– ––––– 131.00-140.00 124.00-133.00 111.00-124.00

164.00-178.00 148.00-168.00 133.00-158.00 126.00-134.00 113.00-117.00

––––– ––––– 123.00-141.00 119.00-130.00 112.00-120.00

160.00-165.00 143.00-149.00 121.00-142.00 126.00-131.00 121.00-123.00

––––– 141.00-151.00 138.00 133.00-135.00 –––––

165.00-168.00 141.00-155.00 132.00-148.00 128.00-134.50 115.00

–––– –––– –––– –––– ––––

––––– ––––– ––––– ––––– –––––

––––– 133.00-144.00 123.00-138.50 121.00-129.50 –––––

158.00-168.00 130.00-142.00 124.00-133.00 121.00-125.00 –––––

149.00-164.00 140.00-155.00 130.00-139.00 118.00-130.00 –––––

149.00-154.00 138.00-146.00 126.00-139.00 120.00-129.00 119.00-126.50

141.00-152.50 137.00-146.00 124.00-143.00 120.00-139.75 –––––

147.00-156.00 140.00-149.00 120.00-139.00 122.00-132.50 125.00-128.00

–––– –––– –––– –––– ––––

Visit our website at Ozarks Farm & Neighbor

No Sale - Tornado

Sale Date Receipts


Not Reported



JulyMarket 1, 2013 Bringing

production capabilities are opting toward sending additional loads of farm milk intakes into NDM operations as that market appears to be gaining near term strength. Milk supplies for processing showed some increases this week as Class I usage drops with schools letting out. Manufacturing plants have adequate capacity to handle current supplies with some milk being moved to balance production of specific products. Utah and Idaho milk supplies are mostly steady. High temperatures during the day are balanced with cooler nights and cows are not stressed to any extent currently. Manufacturing capacity is still above milk production in most parts of the region. Spot Prices Of Class II Cream, $ Per Pound Butterfat F.O.B. producing plants: Upper Midwest - $1.9866-2.0790.

Avg. Grain Prices Soybeans




Dairy Sales

























National Dairy Market at a Glance • 6/21/13

Cheese: 40 lb. blocks closed at $1.7250 with a weekly average of $1.7230 (-.0130). Fluid Milk: Availability of spot loads of milk in the Midwest is uneven. Some cheese manufacturers indicate their internal milk supplies are declining seasonally and access to additional milk supplies would be helpful to meet near term cheese orders. A few manufacturers with nonfat dry milk and cheese


Soft Wheat

Day’s End 6/25/13



le na hevil Hele Blyt










133.26 129.63

132.28 127.63 130.66 131.06 130.91 127.13 141.61 131.43 HEIFERS

* No Sale - Weather/Holiday **USDA Failed To Report *** No Price in Weight Bracket



















Steady-2 Higher



–– –– –– –– ––

187.00-195.00 153.00-163.00 140.50-150.00 130.00-144.35 131.00-137.00

––––– 145.00-167.50 133.00-155.00 128.00-148.00 120.00-132.00

––––– 155.00-163.00 135.00-160.00 134.50-142.00 134.00-137.50

145.00-175.00 130.00-160.00 135.00-146.00 130.00-141.00 –––––

155.00-170.00 135.00-160.00 124.00-149.00 122.00-141.00 117.00-132.00

–– –– –– –– ––

––––– 143.50-148.00 126.00-139.00 124.00-132.00 119.00-129.00

––––– ––––– ––––– ––––– –––––

175.00 ––––– 145.00-155.00 130.00-133.00 –––––

130.00-165.00 130.00-156.00 125.00-141.00 115.00-130.00 100.00-120.00

––––– ––––– ––––– ––––– –––––

–– –– –– –– ––

149.00-159.00 136.00-148.00 126.00-132.00 120.50-130.00 –––––

145.00 135.00-145.00 125.00-143.00 123.00-137.50 112.50-126.00

145.00-155.00 139.50-148.00 131.00-143.00 128.00-130.00 120.00

125.00-163.00 115.00-140.00 110.00-133.00 110.00-125.00 –––––

140.00-155.00 128.00-143.00 115.00-139.00 111.00-128.00 –––––

No Sale Tornado





9900.00-1100.00 † Farmer’s Livestock 700.00-925.00 † Ft. Smith Livestock 74.00-95.00† Prices reported per cwt. I-40 Livestock Auction - Ozark † 870.00-1385.00 Joplin Regional Stockyards † 7750.00-1140.00 † North Arkansas Livestock North Arkansas Livestock OKC West - El Reno, Okla. No Sale † Ouachita Livestock Auction - Ola 71.00-88.00†Prices reported per cwt. Ouachita Livestock Auction - Ola Ozarks Regional Stockyard Ozarks Regional Stockyard 9900.00-1285.00 † † 900.00-1150.00 None Reported † Tulsa Stockyards, Inc. 740.00-1250.00 Cattlemen’s Livestock Auction 9950.00-1525.00 * Clinton Livestock 6675.00-1225.00* 975.00-1425.00* 1000.00-1350.00 * * 875.00-1350.00 840.00-1510.00 * Not Reported * 11000.00-1450.00*

Decatur Livestock Auction Farmers&&Ranchers Ranchers--Vinita Vinita Farmers Mo-Ark Mo-Ark--Exeter Exeter, Mo. Poor PoorBoy BoyLivestock LivestockAuction Auction Stilwell StilwellLivestock LivestockAuction Auction


Not Reported



(Week of 6/16/13 to 6/22/13)



Week of 6/16/13


70.00-100.00 †Prices reported per cwt. Ash Flat Livestock 1135.00† Benton County Sale Barn Cleburne County Livestock Auction - Heber Springs Not Reported † 73.00-81.50† Prices reported per cwt. County Line Sale - Ratcliff

Independently Reported




147.24 141.25 136.44 142.22 139.20 146.24 141.93 140.22

138.72 142.57



** **


130.05 133.81

128.64 130.77 126.70 126.43 126.00 **


131.65 *


142.42 145.33 ** **




138.44 145.74 136.47 134.70 136.00

Week of 6/9/13

Stilwell Livestock Auction

None Reported † 1350.00-1375.00 † None Reported † 1175.00-1650.00† 1150.00-1570.00 † No Sale † 11025.00-1225.00 † None Reported † None Reported † 7750.00-1525.00 * 990.00-1535.00 * 1150.00-1540.00 * 1350.00-1650.00 * 1200.00-1310.00* Not Reported * 1400.00 *

Replacement Cows



Decatur Livestock Auction Farmers & Ranchers - Vinita Mo-Ark - Exeter Poor Boy Livestock Auction



West Plains

Farmer’s Livestock - Springdale Ft. Smith Livestock Auction I-40 Livestock - Ozark Joplin Regional Stockyards North Arkansas Livestock - Green Forest OKC West - El Reno, Okla. Ouachita Livestock Auction - Ola Ozarks Regional Stockyard - West Plains Tulsa Stockyards, Inc. Cattlemen’s Livestock Clinton Livestock Auction

500 1000 Independently Reported














162.00-190.00 145.00-157.00 138.00-147.00 132.00-144.00 122.00-131.00

175.00-190.00 162.00-175.00 148.00-162.00 138.00-146.00 –––––

163.00-185.00 150.00-170.00 138.00-157.00 129.00-145.00 128.00-135.00

155.00-170.00 138.00-150.00 135.00-143.00 125.00-138.00 110.00-123.00

––––– ––––– ––––– ––––– –––––

158.00-170.00 ––––– 136.00-139.00 121.00-135.00 –––––

140.00-163.00 138.00-150.00 135.00-143.00 123.00-127.00 112.00-120.00

161.00-170.00 145.00-161.00 132.00-148.00 124.00-132.00 119.00-124.00

150.00-178.00 130.00-145.00 125.00-140.00 119.00-124.00 122.00

July 1, 2013 Ozarks Farm & Neighbor Reports to Northwest Arkansas and Eastern Oklahoma







Not Reported

50-80 lbs 82.50-87.50. Stocker/Feeder Lambs: Medium and Large 1-2 wooled 30-50 lbs 80.00-95.00. Hair 30-50 lbs 76.00-82.50. Slaughter Ewes: Utility and Good 1-3 wooled: 155-172 lbs 42.50-60.00. Goats Slaughter Classes: Kids: Selection 1-2 40-70 lbs 165.00177.50. Does/Nannies: Selection 2 75-135 lbs 60.00-90.00. Selection 2-3 young nannies 70-75 lbs 72.50-110.00. Selection 3 60-153 lbs 55.00-75.00. Billies: Selection 1-2 95-205 lbs 90.00-135.00; Selection 3 55-130 lbs 80.00-95.00 cwt. Replacement Nannies: Selection 3 Dairy 135-155 lbs 100.00-155.00. Feeder/Stocker Kids: Selection 2 20-30 lbs 125.00155.00; 30-40 lbs 135.00-165.00. Selection 3 20-30 lbs 85.00-90.00; 30-50 lbs 90.00-115.00.

USDA Verified & Reported

† USDA Reported

(Week of 6/16/13 to 6/22/13)

950.00-1325.00 † Ash Flat Livestock 9910.00-1385.00 † Benton County Sale Barn Cleburne County Livestock Auction - Heber Springs Not Reported † None Reported † County Line Sale Barn - Ratcliff

Independently Reported



USDA Verified & Reported



Cow/Calf Pairs





––––– ––––– ––––– ––––– –––––

165.00-188.00 150.00-170.00 142.00-155.50 132.00-144.00 125.00-136.00

––––– ––––– ––––– ––––– –––––

160.00-182.00 145.00-164.00 137.00-148.00 125.00-136.00 110.00-129.00

––––– ––––– ––––– ––––– –––––

150.00-170.00 135.00-155.00 130.00-144.00 125.00-134.00 115.00-126.00

Pg. 13 Pg.

Arkansas’ Largest Dealer


Since 1990

Rotating to a Healthy Flock Dr. Beverly Chevallier considers flock size and pasture quality in building a high quality meat lamb operation

Dr. Chevallier has been actively working on improving her pasture and hay grounds. Her predominately fescue pastures suffered through last year’s drought and heat. “Last summer, this was all brown and grazed to the ground, so I broadcast seed in all the pastures, and also in my bermudagrass hayfields,” said Dr. Chevallier, pointing out the lush pasture. “I had a mixture of Crimson Clover, Vetch, Red Clover, Arrowleaf Clover and Ryegrass broadcast with a little fertilizer used as a carrier.”

By Sherry Leverich Tucker

• Parts • Service • Financing • Trade-Ins • Horse Trailers • Utility Trailers • Enclosed Cargo

800.371.3315 501.354.3315

In terstate H w y 40 • E xit 101 M orrilton ,A rkan sas

hrough a thick, deep pasture in a valley on the Chevallier farm grazes a gentle, peaceful herd of Katahdin sheep. Dr. Beverly Chevallier, who practices at her veterinary clinic in Western


w w w .traile rsto re.n e t





for veterans, military personnel & their families

to the Fisher House Foundation

Photo by Sherry Leverich Tucker In honor and memory of our nation’s military, the New Holland American Salute program is offering a $750 DISCOUNT on the purchase of the following New Holland products: • Boomer™ 30-50 compact tractors • Boomer™ 3000 SuperSuite™ Cab tractors • T1500 Series compact tractors • WORKMASTER™ Series tractor • PowerStar™ T4.75 tractor • Rustler™ utility vehicles • Light Construction equipment

Dr. Beverly Chevallier controls parasites through a multi-species approach to rotational grazing. This discount is available between June 1 and July 6, 2013 to active and retired U.S. military personnel, veterans and their families. In addition, New Holland will donate $100 to the Fisher House Foundation for each of these tractors sold.

Williams Tractor, Inc. 2501 Shiloh Dr. Fayetteville, Ark. 479-442-8284

Bobcat of NW Arkansas 2737 W. Hudson Rogers, Ark. 479-621-6001

Williams Tractor, Inc. 1207 S. Main Berryville, Ark. 870-423-4226

*Offer valid at participating New Holland dealerships in the United States on qualifying new equipment. Eligible models include: Boomer™ 30-50 compacts, Boomer™ 3000 SuperSuite™ tractors, T1500 Series, WORKMASTER™ Series, PowerStar™ T4.75, Rustler™ utility vehicles, Skid steer loaders, Compact track loaders, Compact excavators, Compact wheel loaders, Tractor loaders and Loader backhoes. Valid on qualifying purchases made between June 1, 2013 and July 6, 2013. Proof of military I.D. required at time of purchase. Some restrictions may apply. See your New Holland dealer for program details. ©2013 CNH Americal LLC. All rights reserved. New Holland is a registered trademark of CNH America LLC.

Pg. 14

Grove, Ark., is focused on growing quality sheep for the meat market. She imple ments grazing and managing techniques, and couples a beef herd as well, to meet her production goals. Rogers


















Visit our website at

Her pasture management includes rotationally grazing the sheep through four separate Western Grove, Ark. pastures. “I use netwire to go around the perimeter of all the pastures






Van Buren








Le Flore

Continued on Next Page

July 1, 2013

NEIGHBORS Rotating to a Healthy Flock Continued from Previous Page that I keep sheep in. Sheep won’t try to get out of a pasture though, not like goats will.” Dr. Chevallier rotates her beef herd behind the sheep through all four of the pastures. “There are also four other pastures that the cattle rotate through, and the sheep do not.” She explained that these pastures are in areas further from the barns, and predators are more present. The rotational grazing benefits the pasture by giving grasses a chance to regrow between cycles and distributing manure more evenly to be better utilized for fertilizer. Dr. Chevallier has also seen a reduction of parasites in her stock due to the multi-species approach to rotational grazing. “I haven’t treated for parasites in at least a couple of years.” Dr. Chevallier likes the Katahdin breed, “It’s a hair sheep that does very well in our area. They are grown for meat and do not need to be sheared.” She keeps 50 ewes, breeding them only once a year, “Sheep are short season breeders, seasonally polygesterous, I will put the buck in with the flock in October, so they will lamb in March,” She also added, “I like to flush the ewes

Thrilled with Trails Continued from Page 10 Chris built them so you can just open the door to let the horse in and out of the stall, or you can slide a bolt, and the whole front of the stall will open to clean with the skid loader, along with installing a metal hay feeder. It opens to the outside, and you put the hay and feed in and close the feeder back. It keeps the horse’s head down while eating, which is a normal way for them, instead of reaching up to get hay from an upward angle. Jack goes by how a horse looks as to how much and what kind of feed to give to a horse. Jack stated, “If a horse is dull eyed and has a dull coat, I deworm them first and then start them out on good hay, preferably bermuda. The feed

July 1, 2013

with corn daily, 21 days before breeding. This stimulates them to ovulate more to produce more multiple births.” When lambing time comes in March, Dr. Chevallier watches over them closely, keeping them in individual pens in her barn. This helps the ewes identify their own lambs, and makes it easier to see if there are any problems with the lambs or ewes. When the male lambs are 100 pounds in weight, they are sold at a market specializing in grass fed meat. The ewes are sold to other sheep farms, “I have had up to 200 ewes at a time, and that was too many. I keep the number of ewes more manageable now and focus on quality instead of volume.” Dr. Chevallier only breeds her sheep to lamb once yearly to keep stress low for her ewes, “I have happy sheep, which is important.” She said that eight sheep can be kept on the amount of pasture it takes to keep one cow. Besides the sheep and cattle, she keeps busy with her vet clinic, breeding exotic breed cats with her sister, and teaching karate during the evening.

includes about a cup full a day of Horseman’s Edge, sunflower seeds or rice hulls. The quantity fed is according to how they have to perform. I also feed at regular times everyday. Biotin is good for foot problems.” All Jack and Kay do now is trail ride and host trail rides. They have six water and electric hookups and two cabins for people that don’t have living quarters in the trailers. “People just come out, play, ride and have fun,” said Kay. “It’s not a business but we do have clinics here. And when some of our friends want to come out and have competitive trail rides, they can come out and have them here.” Jack and Kay’s grandchildren love to ride. In their opinion a horse is the best thing for a kid. It keeps them interested in riding plus gets them outside and learning.

GET ON YOUR KITCHEN REMODEL. The Arvest Summer Loan Sale Now’s the perfect time to get a loan for whatever you’re wanting. This summer, Arvest has great rates, as low as 2.49%. Treat yourself to a car, ski boat, vacation or that kitchen update you’ve been wanting. The friendly people at Arvest make it easy to get started. Apply online or visit your nearby Arvest Bank. But hurry, the sale ends July 31, 2013. All loans are subject to credit approval. Advertised APR is for consumers with a minimum credit score of 700, but we have other great rates and loan terms available. APR is limited to new loans with balances ranging from $5,000 - $150,000. Refinances of existing Arvest loans may qualify with an increase of 50% of current loan balance or $5,000 whichever is greater. Collateral restrictions may apply. Excluded loans include bridge loans, initial construction loans, real estate purchase transactions, and transactions originated through our affiliate, Arvest Mortgage Company. Offer valid June 1 through July 31, 2013. Available at all Arvest locations. Member


Ozarks Farm & Neighbor

Pg. 15

First State Bank of

“Large Enough To Serve Small Enough To Northwest Arkansas You, Know Your Name”

Meeting community banking needs since 1991.


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Customer Services Mobile Banking & Online Banking • Bill Pay Cashier Checks • Money Orders • ATM Debit Cards • Money Wiring Safe Deposit Boxes

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479-582-0700 ATM Location

Ozark Center Point, Springdale, AR

Name: Pete McCollough, 15 Parents: Jeff and Eva McCollough Hometown: Van Buren, Ark. 4-H Club: Crawford County 4-H What is your 4-H project? “Last year I was in animal science and still love working with my animals, but this year I switched to health and fitness because it’s a better fit for me personally. Even though everybody else in the county is the ag aspects of 4-H, I really believe and live by health and nutrition. I chart my running and training for a half marathon according to a plan that tells me when and how far to run. Twice a week on the same running days, I also take taekwondo classes so that my body has rest days in between workouts. As far as nutrition goes, last year I tried to cook family meals four times a week, but this year school is taking up too much time.”


Favorite 4-H moments and awards: “At the Crawford County fair I won an award for continual conscientious care of my animals and second place in the lightweight meat goat competition as well as getting a really good price for my goat. I am the treasurer of Kenner Chapel and really like leadership because I want to help change things when there’s a problem. I am not very good at just sitting around. 4H is important because it gives you skills that you can use later to be successful. My favorite 4-H memory is at the state challenge camp at the Ferndale 4-H Center last year when I got to go on the rope course which is the best in the state.”

Whether on the floor of the Missouri Senate, working for the USDA, or hosting the Farm & Ranch Report, Morris Westfall cares about the people of the Ozarks. Ag Production and political news and views for the farm and ranch.

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“We have a hobby farm with 10 goats and 40 to 50 chickens. My responsibilities include watering the goats and chickens and feeding the market goats every evening, as well as checking the chickens’ health and treating them as necessary. I like raising goats because I can make money. I am part of the poultry chain where we raise chickens and are helped with vaccinations and lessons in proper raising. In return, I bring three of our chickens to the fair to sell to help support 4-H.” Story and Photo by Terry Ropp

July 1, 2013


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Ag Law The IRS’s approach to recoupment By John Alan Cohan or any business, long-term profit potential may hinge, in some measure, on efforts to reduce costs, getting better prices for goods and services, consolidating operations, layoffs or efforts to promote efficiency. For many people in the horse or livestock business, the operations have a history of losses, but the expectation is that future operations will be profitable. The IRS will want to see evidence that the taxpayer has taken steps to correct or abandon unprofitable strategies and demonstrates steps taken to improve operations. Often, the IRS will argue that a profit motive ultimately depends on whether the taxpayer expects future earnings and appreciation to be sufficient to recoup accumulated losses of prior years. This seems inherently unfair. Other businesses are not asked to demonstrate a plan to recoup past losses. According to Terrence D. Miller, CPA, of Miller and Miller Accountancy Corporation in Fresno, California, “In my experience with audits, quite often an auditor will be obsessed with the cumulative losses and they fixate on it. And the losses might not ever be recoupable. Luckily there is a Tax Court case on the subject and usually when you show auditors this case they move on.” He is referring to Helmick v. Commissioner IRS, T.C. Memo 2009-


July 1, 2013

220, which involved a horse breeding and boarding operation with losses for a period of 17 years. The Tax Court held in favor of the taxpayers, and rejected the IRS “recoupment” argument. The court said that the IRS “seems to assume that the requisite profit motive as of any given year must involve an expectation that even all past losses will be recouped, so that the activity will have generated a net profit over its entire course. This position distorts the notion of profit motive for purposes of section 183.” The court cited a hypothetical example: “If a natural disaster caused the death of 90 percent of a rancher’s herd and resulted in a catastrophic loss that could never be recouped, but the rancher thereafter expected to generate an overall prospective profit by breeding and selling the remaining 10 percent of his herd on a foregoing basis, then he could not be said to lack a profit objective after the disaster merely because he would never recoup the prior loss.” The court pointed out – and this is very important – that the “recoupment” concept is forward looking. That is, the profit objective is shown where the taxpayer expects that the activity will generate an overall profit between the year being audited and the time at which future profits are expected. To some extent, taxpayers often can explain a poor history of profits due to circumstances beyond their control, including personal issues, casualties, stillborn foals and the negative effect of the recession on horse sales. The implication is that the activity, in a given year, would have been profitable if these events had not occurred. John Alan Cohan is a lawyer who has served the horse, livestock and farming industries since l98l.

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What Do You Say?


What is the most beneficial farm organization to belong to and why?

“I think the most important organization is Farm Bureau because it offers so many different services such as political support and insurance. They are ag oriented with easy access.” Larry Barnes Benton Co., Ark.

Making farming a little bit easier

Clipping to Keep Cattle Cool Understanding the cost and benefits of clipping cattle to reduce heat stress By Amanda Erichsen

“While some people might not consider a volunteer fire department a farm organization, I absolutely do because you need local people for that community effort and most of us are farmers who are there to help farmers as well as others in rural fire emergencies.” Chris Coker Washington Co., Ark.

“Of course the best organization of all is church, but I’ve been a board member of Farm Bureau for years and believe in it because they watch out for the good of farmers.” Steve Morgan Johnson Co., Ark.

“I think the Fair Board is the most important because it helps develop our youth and the future generation of farmers. Belonging is a way of giving back.” Jerry Moyer Washington Co., Ark.

Pg. 18

educing heat stress is a ‘hot topic’ within the cattle industry right now,” said Steven M. Jones, associate professor for the University of Arkansas’ Department of Animal Science. Due to the inability of long haired or rough coated animals to dissipate heat, there are cattle that retain their hair coats (fail to shed their winter coats) in the summer and are subject to increased heat stress, said Ted Cunningham, livestock specialist for the South Central Region University of Missouri Extension. Jones considers three hair types in cattle: hairy, intermediate and slick. Hairy types include the typical English breeds such as Herefords and Angus. Intermediate types include Continental breeds such as Charolais and Gelbvieh. Slick types include cattle with Brahman influence. The shoulder and buttocks areas of the body will generate the most heat and naturally begin shedding in that region first during hotter months. “There is a limited amount of research that has looked to clipping as a way to reduce heat stress, but the data from most of those studies indicate clipping reduces heat stress,” Cunningham said. “Based upon a pilot project I completed last summer, clipping cer-


tainly benefited those cattle from a performance standpoint.” Considerations that producers need to keep in mind include whether or not clipping will be both practical and economical for their overall efficiency and gain. According to Jones, in most instances other than show cattle, it is usually not. This will depend on the type of cattle, number of cattle and the producers’ available time and labor to devote to trimming. Jones added that the process of actually gathering and working the cattle and additional time in the heat, can increase their stress levels therefore, outweighing the benefit of reducing heat stress by hair trimming. It is not recommended that all cattle breeds need trimming, however it appears there are many breeds that seem to have cattle that don’t shed as well as we’d like them to. “Additionally we know that darker colored animals do not reflect as much heat as lighter colored animals and this is likely a factor as well,” Cunningham added. “Bos Indicus breeds would likely be the least likely to need hair removed as they seem to shed and tolerate heat stress better than Bos Taurus breeds.” Cunningham also recommends this has the potential to help a number of types of cattle in a number of settings. However, warns that it may be most economical to focus on younger, growing stock, as they seem to be the most commonly afflicted. “Any heat stress will cause energy deficiencies,” Jones added. “Providing correct nutrient and water requirements are essential during the summer.”

In This Section – Reducing heat stress through cattle clipping........................................................................................Above – Four ways to control weeds......................................................................................................................p. 19 – Getting the right financial advice for expanding....................................................................................p. 20 – The threats of anaplasmosis.....................................................................................................................p. 21 – Ways to improve your water quality by reducing algae...........................................................................p. 22

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Taking Control of Weeds Exploring options of weed control-grazing, mechanical, burning and chemical By Gary Digiuseppe


f weeds have taken over your pasture, your best bet is to use a weedkiller. Dr. John Jennings, University of Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service animal science professor and forage specialist, encouraged a “holiday weed control program� – Thanksgiving, Christmas and New Year’s. “If people would spray right around those times in the winter for a lot of these thistles, chickweed, henbit, buttercup, those types of weeds, they would be far ahead of waiting until March and April when the weeds are out of control,� Jennings said. “I think herbicides are actually one of the better ways of controlling weeds in pastures today,� Tim Schnakenberg, agronomy specialist and co-Southwest District program leader for University of Missouri Extension, told Ozarks Farm & Neighbor. “In the bushy species such as blackberries and sumac, when you run a brush hog over them you’re actually making them thicker. And also, the problem with a brush hog is you’re dropping seed on the deck that’s going to shake off and be in other areas of the field, and you’re actually spreading weed seeds.� Among other options for controlling an abundance of problem weeds is prescribed burning. Schnakenberg said the timing of this method depends on the type of forage in the field. “If it’s a coolseason like fescue, you could do some prescribed burning sometime in March before the grass has really taken off,� he said. “If it’s a warm-season grass such as switchgrass, bluestem or bermudagrass, right around the first part of April is a

July 1, 2013


BORN TO WORK. good time to burn them off.� While fire is an effective way to control problem growths like cedar, he said not many people employ it because of the risks. Jennings agreed that most producers don’t use fire. “There are a lot of things that have to line up just right to be able to burn a field, and especially to be able to do it safely,� Jennings told OFN. But if conditions are right, Jennings said, there are benefits to prescribed fire. “If they get a hot enough fire that can move across the field quickly, they can control some of the winter annual weeds like winter barley and cheat, and some henbit,� he said. “And it leaves that black ash layer, so the field warms up a little quicker and the bermudagrass seems to come out a little bit earlier.� Jennings said one of the more popular methods of weed control – letting the cows do it – has limited success. “That works to a degree on some of the weedy grasses and a few of the early broadleaves, but they don’t eat them normally to the level that they’ll control all of the seed production,� he said. Other weeds aren’t attractive to the cattle and will proliferate. “People aren’t using herbicide to control them because either they don’t have the equipment or don’t know how to properly calibrate their equipment, or they’re spraying at the wrong time of the year,� he said. But weed control, however it’s practiced, is important for economic purposes. Schnakenberg said, “The more land that you can keep in production, the better and many times if we have an invasive species out there such as sericea lespedeza or saplings, or blackberries or poison hemlock, thistles, the list goes on and on – some of those just get thicker and thicker if we do nothing with them.�


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Financial Options for Expanding What you need to know before you talk to a lender By Gary Digiuseppe “


here was tremendous impact from the drought last year, just in terms of people needing some more operating money,” Tom Cox, senior vice president for sales and marketing at Farm Credit Services of Western Arkansas, told Ozarks Farm & Neighbor. “Probably one of the biggest things that we saw would be people having to sell cows, and liquidate some

of their herd, just in order to survive.” Other producers did not take advantage of the selloff to expand, he said, because “they didn’t know when it was going to rain again.” But with the recovery of the weather, producers can again begin to think about expanding their operations; they may want to add cattle, land or machinery. Or they may change their marketing cycles; Cox noted producers may want to hold on to their calves to background them, or in some cases even feed them out. They may also want to grow their herd so they can get

a better price by selling larger packages of cattle at regional stockyards. Farm Credit, he said, assesses the creditworthiness of potential borrowers in several ways. There are credit scores; the lender will also assess the applicant’s financial position – “Where you’ve been, where you’re at and where you want to go, from a balance sheet standpoint,” he said. Then, of course, the applicant has to demonstrate the ability to generate enough cash to repay the loan, and be able to provide “adequate collateral, in terms of a margin – some skin in the game.” Wesley Tucker, University of Missouri Extension west-central region Agribusiness specialist at the Polk County office in Bolivar, said with seesawing cattle and input prices, banks are requiring more collateral than they did a few years ago. “There’s still money out there for farmers to expand,” he told OFN, but “it may not be quite as easy for

someone with bad credit or no collateral to walk into a bank and get money.” He recommended bringing plenty of documentation when you visit the lender. “You need a well thought out plan – ‘This is what I need financing for, and this is how I will pay it back.’ You’re going to need your balance sheet that shows what assets and liabilities you have. You’re probably going to need some previous history on your income tax statements, such as your Schedule F, as well as your off-farm income. And a business plan; most farmers probably don’t think about doing a business plan, but a short business plan that outlines, ‘This is my operation, and this is why I will be successful,’ can go a long ways to showing your repayment ability.” Cox added there is room for beginning farmers, defined as those who have not been in the business for at least 10 years, in the Farm Credit System.

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Fighting Anaplasmosis Causes, prevention and treatment of anaplasmosis that infects red boold cells By Gary Digiuseppe any cattle producers think of anaplasmosis as horsefly disease – but Craig Payne said, beware the tick. “Probably a more efficient transmitter of this blood parasite is going to be ticks,” Dr. Payne, a veterinarian with University of Missouri Extension, told Ozarks Farm & Neighbor. “Unlike the horsefly, the ticks actually serve as a site where this organism can go through some reproductive cycles and replicate, so they’re a way in which the population of the parasite increases.” Anaplasmosis is caused by a Rickettsial parasite called Anaplasma marginale. It infects red blood cells, causing the body’s immune system to attack and destroy the cells faster than they can be regenerated; this causes the animal to become anemic, which eventually leads to systemwide oxygen deprivation and death. It can also be transmitted with an injection needle, or castration or dehorning equipment that hasn’t been sterilized. Payne said the clinical signs of anaplasmosis are fairly easy to recognize, especially if you’ve seen them before. “The animals will become jaundiced, and you may see that yellow color show up around the whites of the eyes,” he said. “If it’s a white colored animal, sometimes producers will report seeing a yellow coloring of the udder and the teats, and if you’ve got hands-on access to the animal you can actually look at the mucous membranes of the vulva and see yellowing there.” The animal will also tend to run a fairly high fever, 104° or more, versus the normal 101-102°.


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There are also behavioral signs; the animals appear depressed and, “as they get into the later stages of the disease and the anemia becomes worse, some animals, if the producer’s trying to take them to a facilities for examination or treatment, will become aggressive,” due to the oxygen deprivation, Payne said. If clinical signs are apparent, the animal is typically treated with an injectable vaccine, but producers can also prevent the onset of anaplasmosis by administering a feed containing chlortetracycline. Payne said the antibiotic is available in mineral blocks and other forms, with a recommended feeding level of 2 mg/lb/day per head of cattle. That’s the high end of the anima’s needs, but “If you have some that are not consuming the supplement or the mineral block in adequate amounts, they may not be getting enough of the chlortetracycline to prevent the disease,” he said. There is also a conditionally licensed vaccine that’s been approved in Missouri but is fairly expensive, and Payne said Extension has not demonstrated either its efficacy or lack thereof. Dr. Jeremy Powell, University of Arkansas Extension veterinarian, warned, “It’s not going to last that long in the animal,” he told OFN. The treatment vaccine is also potentially life-threatening if the animal is already anemic. Powell recommended controlling the vectors with “fly tags or back rubs that contain insecticide, anything to control the number of biting insects and ticks that would be likely to spread the disease to cows.” In addition, wild ruminants are reservoirs of the disease, and supply the parasites that the insects carry to the cattle herd. Infections usually occur in late summer or early fall when the flies and ticks are most active.

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Tips for Controlling Algae Algae build up can cause water to smell, taste and look bad if not controlled By Carla Clark Carter rustrated with algae growing in your stock tanks? Wondering where it comes from and what can you do about it. According to the Missouri Department of Conservation, algae is a plant that lives in the water. It is fed by an overabundance of nutrients in the water. Algae can cause the water to taste, smell and look bad. Robert A. Schultheis, Natural Resource Engineering Specialist at the University of Missouri Extension Center, Webster County explained that cattle and horses are sensitive to water taste and odor and may not drink as much if they consider it unpalatable. Reduced water intake reduces feed intake and depresses weight gain. Chlorine is effective in managing certain taste and odor problems, such as hydrogen sulfide, but using too much can impart its own objectionable taste and odor. Schultheis said there are several ways to control algae in stock tanks the first being covering or shading the tanks to help slow algae growth.


4 Ways to Control Algae

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1) Chlorine Bleach: Add 2-3 ounces of 5.25 percent sodium hypochlorite (unscented laundry bleach) per 100 gallons of tank capacity every week. The chlorine will dissipate more rapidly in hot weather or if organic material is present in the tank. Do not use pipeline sanitizer or swimming pool chlorine. Performance horses can actually benefit from some chlorine according to a study done by the University of Kentucky, Schultheis pointed out. As a trace element being replaced in

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their system, it can actually be beneficial so long as it is a small amount and unscented. 2) Copper Sulfate: Add copper sulfate (Bluestone or Blue Vitrol) at the rate of 1/8 teaspoon per 100 gallons of water to kill existing algae. It should then be mechanically removed. Sheep cannot tolerate high levels of copper, so the use of copper sulfate with them must be carefully managed. 3) Zinc Sulfate: Dissolve 1 cup of zinc sulfate in 1 gallon of warm water and put 1/2 cup of this solution per 100 gallons of water in tanks as often as necessary (it will depend on the number of animals drinking, amount of organic material in the trough and weather). If bird manure on the roof is not a factor, it would be helpful to direct runoff from galvanized roofs into waterers. 4) Goldfish: Add 4-6 goldfish per 100 gallons of tank capacity. Water temperature should be at least 60°F for the best fish survival, so spring-fed waterers or tanks with a constant water turnover may have inconsistent algae control. Remember you’re trading the presence of algae for the presence of fish feces. Take the goldfish inside the house before fall frost and put them back out again in the summer. Schultheis added, “Bottom line, every species of animal has specific nutritional needs and personalities. Producers need to learn what they are and manage accordingly. The use of chemicals is not recommended as a substitute for timely management and preventative maintenance.”

July 1, 2013



FARM CALENDAR July 2013 3-6 69th Annual Rodeo of the Ozarks – Parsons Stadium, Springdale, Ark. – 479-756-0464 3-7 Huckleberry Festival – Jay, Okla. – 918-253-8698 4 July 4th Celebration Rodeo – 7 p.m. – Fulton Co. Fairgrounds, Salem, Ark. – 501-412-3644 5-6 74th Annual 4-Way Rodeo IPRA/ARCA – 8 p.m. – 4-Way Arena, Pryor, Okla. – 918-637-5603 9-12 State 4-H Horse Show – Searcy Fairgrounds, Searcy, Ark. – 888-884-5565 11 Rodeo – 8 p.m. – Hilltop Outdoor Arena, Pleasant Plains, Ark. – 817-996-7301 12-13 Guy Peach Fest FFA Rodeo – 8 p.m. – Guy, Ark. – 501-412-3644 13 Rodeo – 6:30 p.m. – Back Achers Ranch, Conway, Ark. – 817-996-7301 15-19 Art & Nature Camp – 8 a.m.-4 p.m. – Illinois River Watershed Sanctuary, Cave Springs, Ark. – 479-238-4671 – 18 Rodeo – 8 p.m. – Hilltop Outdoor Arena, Pleasant Plains, Ark. – 817-996-7301 18-20 47th Annual Porter Peach Festival – Porter, Okla. – 918-486-4586 19-21 2013 Four State Farm Show – Pittsburg, Kan. – 620-421-9450 22-27 Craig Co. Free Fair – Craig Co. Fairgrounds, Vinita, Okla.- 918-694-9314 26 Watershed Camp for Kids – 8:30 a.m.-4 p.m. – Illinois River Watershed Sanctuary, Cave Springs, Ark. – 479-238-4671 – 27 Cardboard Boat Races – 8:30 a.m. – Sandy Beach, Heber Springs, Ark. – 501-362-2524 August 2013 3 Buckin’ in the Ozarks – 8 p.m. – Parsons Stadium, Springdale, Ark. – 877-927-6336 10 Rocking S Ranch Field Day – 9 a.m.-4 p.m. – Bristow, Okla. – 918-633-9594 – 979-229-4472


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