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KECAMATAN DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM AND ENVIRONMENT (PNPM-GREEN) IN SUMATRA Component 3: Awareness Raising and Training TF-011930 PROVINCE: WEST SUMATERA AND BENGKULU

COMPLETION REPORT For THE WORLD BANK - INDONESIA

Dr. Edi Purwanto Ujang S. Irawan, MSi

19 July 2013 i


Table of Contents Page

Contact Information ........................................................................................................ Table of Contents ............................................................................................................

ii

List of Tables ..................................................................................................................

vii

List of Figures .................................................................................................................

viii

List of Appendices..........................................................................................................

x

List of Glossary and Acronyms ......................................................................................

xi

Executive Summary ........................................................................................................

xii

Chapter I Introduction 1.1 Background ..........................................................................................................

1

1.1.1 PNPM-Green.................................................................................................

1

1.1.2 Development Objective ................................................................................

1

1.1.3 Approach .......................................................................................................

1

1.1.4 Operation Wallacea Trust (OWT) ................................................................

1

1.1.5 OWT facilitation in Sumatra .........................................................................

2

1.1.6 Reasons for no-cost extension (1 January – 30 June 2013) ..........................

2

1.1.7 Relevant project to support PNPM-Green implemented by OWT in Agam District ................................................................................................

2

1.2 The Facilitation Sites ..........................................................................................

3

1.2.1 OWT facilitation sites in Sumatra: Agam and Padang Pariaman Districts ....

3

1.2.2 Physiographic and accessibility of the facilitation sites ................................

3

1.2.3 ‘Nagari’, a smallest government unit in West Sumatra Province ..................

5

1.3 Objective of the Report ........................................................................................

6

1.4 Organization of the Report...................................................................................

6

Chapter II Strategies And Achievements: Outputs, Outcomes And Success Stories 2.1

Introduction .........................................................................................................

7

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2.2

Performance Indicator 1: Well-trained PNPM-Green facilitators and other local PNPM stakeholders, who can ignite and facilitate ‘green’ projects within PNPM, not limited to those within PNPM-Green Target Locations .......

7

2.2.1 Supported DANIDA training on NRM in Sumatra ......................................

7

2.2.2 Facilitated Field-work of Danida NRM Training in Padang Pariaman District...........................................................................................................

7

2.2.3 Training Workshop to synergize efforts on PNPM-Green completion involving FKL, UPL and PL of Padang Pariaman and Agam Districts .......

8

2.2.4 Training for Facilitators and Stakeholders during PNPM-Green Province Coordination Meeting in West Sumatra (August 31, 2012) .........................

9

2.2.5 Facilitated MHP Management Team (TP3) Training West Sumatra Province (30 October-3November and 6-10 November 2012 ......................

9

2.2.6 Facilitated field visit on MHP Management Team in Bengkulu Province 2.2.7 Facilitated training on Gender Awareness for Green Facilitators in Padang (12-14) ..............................................................................................

9

2.2.8 Delivered Training on Village Regulation on MHP operation in Agam District (20-24 November 2012) ...................................................................

9

2.2.9 Published Information Education and Communication (IEC) materials ......

9

2.3

Performance Indicator 2: Local community members (including women) who are aware of environmental issues and sustainable natural resource decisions that they can participate in. .................................................................

14

2.3.1 Together with Green Facilitators Facilitated budget design .........................

14

2.3.2 Development and promotion of appropriate technologies ............................

16

2.3.3 Facilitated straw mushroom sub-project implementation in VI Lingkung and Palembayan Sub-districts .......................................................................

19

2.3.4 Developed straw mushroom demo-plot in Lebong Utara Sub-district .........

20

2.3.5 TPK training at sub district level in Padang Pariaman and Agam Districts .........................................................................................................

20

2.3.6 Film screening for community and students .................................................

21

2.3.7 Facilitated tree planting maintenance for 2011 sub-project ..........................

21

2.3.8 On the job training for PNPM-Green actors and beneficiaries at village level ...............................................................................................................

22

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2.3.9 Delivered training for the NRM sub-projects maintenance for KPMD, PL and Maintenance Team ...........................................................................

23

2.3.10 Facilitated the maintenance of tree nursery demo-plots ...............................

23

2.3.11 Facilitated technical assistances on 2012 tree planting maintainances .........

23

2.3.12 Provided intensive technical assistance on establsihment of biogas installation subprojects in Padang Pariaman and Agam Districts, West Sumatra Province ..........................................................................................

24

2.3.13 Catchment areas protection and rehabilitation on MHP beneficiaries in Agam and Lebong District ...........................................................................

24

2.3.14 Facilitated the maintenance of mediun scale Biogas Installation at N. Guguak Kuranji Hilir, Sungai Limau, Padang Pariaman ..............................

25

2.3.15 Facilitated the maintenance of NRM and income generating activities demplots ........................................................................................................

25

2.3.16 Training on Inoculant Mushroom Propagation for Musroom Farmer Cadres ........................................................................................................... 2.4

25

Performance Indicator 3. Adoption by regional governments of natural resources governance issues as an integral part of the policy development and decision making process ...............................................................................

26

2.4.1 Supported PNPM-Rural Jambore in Padang Pariaman (9-11 July 2012) .....

26

2.4.2 Campaign of ‘Green Nagari’ at Agam District .............................................

26

2.4.3 Facilitation of Parliements and SKPD Semiloka in Lebong District ............

27

2.4.4 Workshop for Customary and Religious Leaders on environmental management in Padang Pariaman (3 August 2012) and Agam District (4 and August 14, 2012) ....................................................................................

28

2.5 Performance Indicator 4: A sustainable capacity among both [PNPM] facilitators and [PNPM] stakeholders of all levels to continue the implementation of locally driven ‘green’ development investment and to expand its geographic coverage to new areas. ....................................................

28

2.5.1 Facilitated the making of Perdes on NRM in West Sumatra Province .........

28

2.5.2 Facilitated the making of Perdes on MHP in Bengkulu Province ................

28

2.5.3 Stimulated synergetic program between KBR and PNPM-Green village nursery...........................................................................................................

29

2.5.4 Supported PMD to formulate Regulation on Catchment Management ........

29

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2.5.5 Promoted Mushroom cultivation as new income generating activity in West Sumatra and Lebong (Bengkulu ..........................................................

29

2.5.6 Mainstream green activities through ‘Lestari Desaku’ Magazine ................

29

2.5.7 Supported PNPM-Green Exhibition on National Workshop and Talkshow of Green Rural for Prosperity.......................................................

29

2.5.8 Supported and Facilitated on Exhibition of Lebong District Anniversary (28 December – 6 January 2013) ..................................................................

30

2.5.9 Facilitated One Day Workshop on ‘Green Input on PNPM Rural PTO .......

30

2.5.10 Participated on Green exhibition on ‘Poverty Alleviation Academic Conference 2013’ ..........................................................................................

30

Chapter III Lesson Learn 3.1

The completion of 2011 PNPM-Green in Padang Pariaman, Agam and Lebong Districts have been far under schedule (Lessons Learned No. 1/2012) ................................................................................................................

3.2

The high rate of state forest encroachment and destruction of watershed forestry forest in Lebong District (Lessons Learned No. 2/2012) ......................

3.3

32

Response to the decline of Arenga piñata (Aren) population (Lessons Learned No. 4/2012) ...........................................................................................

3.5

32

Response to the abundance of rice farming harvesting waste (Lessons Learned No. 3/2012) ...........................................................................................

3.4

32

33

The need to sustain edible mushroom cultivation at village level (Lesson Learned No. 5.2012) ...........................................................................................

34

3.6

Alternative Media for Mushroom Growth (Lessons Learned No. 6/2012) ........

34

3.7

Viability of green sub-projects were heavily dependent on the availability of local resources (Lessons Learned No. 7/2012) ...................................................

3.8

The success of tree planting sub-projects were sensitive to season (Lessons Learned No. 8/2012) ...........................................................................................

3.9

34

34

The need to improve tree planting sub-projects implementation (Lessons Learned No. 9/2012) ...........................................................................................

34

Chapter IV Conclusions and Outlook 4.1

Conclusions .........................................................................................................

36

4.2

Outlooks ..............................................................................................................

36 v


4.2.1 Roles of CSO on the past Green program ....................................................

36

4.2.2 Roles of CSO on future Green program.......................................................

37

4.2.3 Local CSOs or CBOs ...................................................................................

37

4.2.4 Problems on Greening PNPM Rural in the past ..........................................

37

4.2.5 Greening PNPM-Rural .................................................................................

37

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LIST OF TABLES

Tabel 2.1 Example of budget development for nursery, planting and maintenance for 12,000 seedlings for total area of 8 ha in Salareh Aia, Agam District (all in IDR) ...................................................................................................

17

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LIST OF FIGURES

Figure 1.1

Map of the districts of OWT facilitation on PNPM Green in Sumatera ...

3

Figure 1.2

Map of the sub-districts of OWT facilitation on PNPM Green in West Sumatera.....................................................................................................

4

Figure 1.3

Map of the sub-districts of OWT facilitation on PNPM Green in Beng- kulu .................................................................................................

Figure 3.1

5

Mr. Tim Mac Hanton, Danida Counselor for Trade and Development visited the facilitation sites in Padang Pariaman District, West Sumatera ....................................................................................................

Figure 3.2

8

DVD films produced during PNPM Green implementation in Sumatera ....................................................................................................

10

Figure 3.3

Three editions of Lestari Desaku Magazine ..............................................

12

Figure 3.4

Figure 2.4 Installed wooden framed poster in schools (left) and village halls (right).....................................................................................

Figure 3.5

11

Miniature of catchment protection and rehabilitation (left), miniature of straw and oyster mushroom growing house (right) ...............................

12

Figure 3.6

Eight leaflets produced during OWT facilitation in Sumatera ..................

12

Figure 3.7

OWT Serial Manual on Catchment Protection and Rehabilitation ...........

13

Figure 3.8

Booklets on NRM developed by OWT to supprot DANIDA training materals ......................................................................................................

14

Equipment for making of rice husk charcoal .............................................

16

Figure 3.10 Seed germination wooden box ..................................................................

17

Figure 3.9

Figure 3.11 Vegetative seedlings propagation by double leg grafting (left) and air layering (right) ...........................................................................................

18

Figure 3.12 Laminar box designed by OWT (left) and Model of Laminar air Flow (right) .......................................................................................................

18

Figure 3.13 Autoclave drums for steam sterilization ....................................................

19

Figure 3.14 Straw mushroom harvesting in Padang Pariaman ....................................

20

Figure 3.15 Straw mushroom growth house (kumbung) models in Agam and Lebong Districts ........................................................................................

20

Figure 3.16 My Darling awareness car in Sumatera .....................................................

21

Figure 3.17 Film screening for students........................................................................

22 viii


Figure 3.18 Training delivery at village level ...............................................................

22

Figure 3.19 Nursery demo-plot in N. Salareh Aia, Agam District ...............................

23

Figure 3.20 Technical assisstance on replanting tehnique ...........................................

24

Figure 3.21 Biogas installation model ..........................................................................

24

Figure 3.22 Training on Mushroom Inoculants propagation ........................................

25

Figure 3.23 Promoting PNPM Green smart practices in PNPM Rural Jambore ..........

27

Figure 3.24 Workshop for Customary and Religious Leaders NRM .........................

28

Figure 3.25 PNPM-Green Exhibition during Green Rural Prosperity Workshop ........

30

Figure 3.26 One Day Workshop on Green Inputs on PNPM Rural PTO .....................

31

Figure 3.27 OWT exhibition on ‘Poverty Alleviation Academic Conference 2013’ ...

31

Figure 3.1

33

Arenga piñata nursery demo-plot in Lebong Atas Sub-district, Lebong ...

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LIST OF APPENDICES

Appendix 1

Success Story.......................................................................................

38

Appendix 2

TF-011930: Information, Education, and Communications (IEC) Materials Produced by OWT (2012-2013)..........................................

41

Training for Community and PNPM Green Actors in Agam, Padang Pariaman (West Sumatera) and Lebong District (Bengkulu)..............

46

Appendix 4

Community Awareness in West Sumatera and Bengkulu...................

52

Appendix 5

List of Facilitations and Technical Assistances...................................

55

Appendix 6

Demo-pilots in West Sumatera and Bengkulu.....................................

59

Appendix 7

List of Village Biogas Technician Cadres...........................................

60

Appendix 8

List of local cadres with their expertises.............................................

61

Appendix 9

Summary of Financial Report TF 01193.............................................

62

Appendix 3

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List of Glossary and Acronym

Bappeda

BPD BUMDES CCB CDD CSO Demplots DPRD FKL IGA IEC KVC KVG KPMD Korprov Korkab Korcam Kumbung

Badan Perencanaan Pembangunan Daerah, Development Planning Agency at district/province level Badan Kerjasama antar Nagari, Inter villages cooperation council Bantuan Langsung Masyarakat, government grant directly send to community coordinating body’s (UPK) bank account Watershed Management Centre, technical implementing unit of the Ministry of Forestry Badan Perwakilan Desa, Village representative council Badan Usaha Milik Desa, village owned enterprise Coconut shell charcoal briquette Community driven development Civil Society Organization/Non Government Organization Demonstration Plots Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat Daerah (District Parliament) Green-PNPM facilitator at kecamatan level (consultant) Income Generating Activity Information Education and Communication Key village champions Key village government Kader Pemberdayaan Masyara kat Desa, village development cadre Consultant coordinator at province level Koordinator Kabupaten, OWT Coordinator at district level Koordinator Kecamatan, OWT staff at sub-district level Mushroom incubation house

‘My Darling’ Car

‘Masyarakat Sadar Lingkungan’ (Environmental awareness community) car

LEM LSM MAD MDST

Lembaga Ekonomi Masyarakat, village owned enterprise (BUMDES) Lembaga Swadaya Masyarakat/Civil Service Organization Inter-villages meetings at sub-district level Musyawarah Desa Serah Terima; A meeting to hand-over the completed subproject into village government. Natural resources management PNPM Support Facility Pembantu Lapangan, FKL assistance at sub-district level Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Surya (Solar Photovoltaic) Government official in charge in operating the PNPM-Green at kecamatan level Peraturan Desa, village regulation Peraturan Daerah, district regulation Rencana Anggaran Biaya, project cost proposal Renewable energy, energi baru terbarukan PNS fasilitator, Civil servant facilitator Surat Perintah Camat, final committed sub-projects proposal at the pilot sub-district which had been legalized by the Head of Sub-district Sumberdaya alam, natural resources Satuan kerja perangkat daerah, district agencies Tim Pelaksana Kegiatan, Team work in charge on executing project at village level Operation Wallacea Trust Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Desa, Village and Community Empowerment Office at central/province/district level Unit Pelaksana Kegiatan, implementing unit, PNPM Organization at Kecamatan level which is in charge in administering PNPM funding. Wildlife Conservation Society

BKAN BLM BPDAS

NRM PSF PL PLTS PJOK Perdes Perda RAB RE Setrawan SPC SDA SKPD TPK OWT PMD/BPMD UPK WCS

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EXECUTIVE SUMMARY PNPM-Green is a pilot-project which is designed in part to mainstream NRM and RE issues within the core operations of the national PNPM-Rural program. In Sumatra, PNPM-Green has been active since 2010 to the end of 2012. A key component of PNPM-Green is the technical assistance provided by CSO. OWT is a CSO has a GA with PSF to deliver environmental awareness raising and training activities to community and local government to assist in the design and implementation of viable ‘green subprojects’. Our original working sites within PNPM-Green were in Sulawesi (2007 – 2012), our facilitation in Sumatra was conducted at the near end (6 months) of the PNPM-Green, aimed to facilitate sub-districts which did not receive facilitations from WCS, as the sub-districts laid beyond WCS GA with PSF. Our facilitation effectively occurred from 15 May – 31 December 2012; for the sake of completing technical assistances and facilitation (as several green sub-projects were not completed at the defined closing date) and strengthening exit strategy, then our facilitation was extended (no-cost extension) until 30 June 2013. Under TF 011930, OWT provided supports in two provinces, three districts and nine sub-districts in Sumatra; (a) Agam District, West Sumatra Province: Palembayan, Palupuh, and Malalak Subdistricts; (b) Padang Pariaman District, West Sumatra Province: Enam Lingkung, VII Koto Sungai Sarik, and Batang Gasan Sub-districts. (c) Lebong District, Bengkulu Province: Padang Bano, Lebong Utara, and Lebong Atas Sub-districts.

1. Achievements a. We developed 14 types of IEC materials, ranges from training modules (25 titles), training manuals (8 titles), book (1 title), DVD film (11 titles), Posters (3 topics), Leaflets (8 titles), stickers (1 type), T-Shirts (1 model). We also published and distributed three editions of Lestari Desaku magazines. Total direct beneficiaries of the IEC are about 10,000 people. We conducted community training on the basis of ‘learning by doing’ principle. Trainings were not conducted in the class but directly doing the jobs on the field. During the course of the program in Sumatera (15 months), there were 774 male, 905 female and 150 youth have joined our environmental trainings at village and sub-district level. The level of women participation is 54 %. b. We believed that sustainable environmental initiatives can only be achieved when enable to open new opportunities to local community livelihoods. NRM and RE initiatives will only be sustainable if they can enhance IGA or reduce household expenditure. Accordingly, we inspired and facilitated community to develop innovative green sub-projects which do not only benefit for environment but also supported site-specific sustainable green livelihoods development. We developed 11 types of demo-plots: (a) Biogas; (b) catchment area rehabilitation/tree planting; (c) village nursery; (d) organic fertilizer; (e) king oyster mushroom; (f) straw mushroom; (g) vegetative propagation; (h) plastic waste handicraft, (i) Mini laboratory of mushroom inoculants propagation, (j) Toona sureni seed source plantation; (k) Arenga piñata nursery. It is necessary to note that our demo-plots did not impact to block grant sub-project selection as our interventions were started after the uses of 2012 green block-grant were defined.

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c. The main target groups of awareness rising activities were community at (sub) village level. It was conducted through: (a) FGD involving 10 – 15 KVC; (b) Installed posters at strategic sites; (c) distributed leaflet; (d) cross-visits to demo-plots; (e) film screening and interactive dialogs at sub-village level during the night using ‘My Darling’ (environmental awareness) car; (e) Working together with KVC and key development agents at village and (sub)-district level. During the course of the program, there were 1,176 male, 1,135 female and 773 youth have become direct beneficiaries of our environmental awareness program at village and subdistrict level. The level of women participation is 49 %. d. Considering the dominant of tree planting green sub-projects and the critical roles of tree planting maintenance, we put concerns on tree planting maintenances facilitation for year 2011 and 2012, they were composed of the following facilitations: (a) replanting about 2 months after planting; (b) facilitated the making of organic fertilizer (Bokashi) and its application; (c) facilitated regular (every two months) weeding and soil tillage surrounding the planted trees. Such event is organized in association with routine village voluntary working day. 2. Outlook a. The expanded Roles of CSO: The roles of CSO developed from environmental training and awareness providers (as originally designed) to technical assistances and facilitation of project beneficiaries on preparation, implementation and maintenance of the green sub-projects. The last two tasks, by design, were the tasks of GF, however in most cases they were unable to tackle the jobs, due to capacity and time constrains. b. The future roles of CSO on Green program: The most critical part of the green project is how to design site specific green activities which highly suitable with local specific needs. The ‘failure’ on defining local community needs on green activities had led to the dominance of tree planting sub-projects. In many cases, ‘planting trees seedlings’ had become ‘the easy, simple and logic reasons’ to use green block grant, while many other green activities were actually opened. Green sub-projects, in many cases have been simplified as tree planting. Green technical assistance were highly needed in this program, unfortunately many positions with ‘green’ and ‘environmental’ titles have poor capacity on green program. As a matter of fact the availability of ‘environmental specialist’ in the labour market was limited, while environment technical skill is not easily upgraded through short trainings. Given the conditions, green technical assistance may well-fit to be handled by CSOs, especially those who have a long track record on grass-root community empowerment in green activities. c. Roles of CBOs: The ideas to involve local CSOs as the way to sustain green initiatives were frequently not confounded on the actual life. It is true that we need the strong roles of local champions/organizations to sustain green sub-projects. Are those local CSOs? Yes, if CSOs are respected by local community with proven long tract records. Many local CSOs have weak experience and ground basis. At the absence of proper local CSOs, the program can use local CBO, such as KVC, farmer group, forest farmer group, women groups etc. d. Problems on Greening PNPM Rural: PNPM-Green as a window within PNPM-Rural is ideally well-integrated within PNPM-Rural house. The problem, PNPM-Green which aimed to support PNPM-Rural was considered as completely different program by PNPM-Rural. PNPMGreen was designed as a new program, rather than a sub-program under PNPM-Rural. PNPMGreen established their own National Management Consultant and facilitators but little efforts to synchronize their working relations, role and responsibilities among actors at centre level (Jakarta) down to grass root level. The failure to build a solid institutional arrangement at centre level had affected to the weak integration among projects actors at grass-root level.

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Chapter I Introduction 1.1. Background 1.1.1. PNPM-Green: It is a pilot-project which is designed in part to mainstream natural resource management and renewable energy issues within the core operations of the national PNPM-Rural program. On Sulawesi (North Sulawesi, South Sulawesi, West Sulawesi, and Southeast Sulawesi), PNPM-Green has been active since 2008, and in 2010, the pilot program expanded into four provinces on Sumatra (Aceh, North Sumatra, West Sumatra and Bengkulu). A key component of PNPM-Green – to which approximately USD 5.3 million has been allocated – is the technical assistance provided by Indonesian and international civil society organizations (CSO). The CSO partners are responsible for delivering environmental awareness raising and training activities to the pilot’s community beneficiaries and local government officials to assist in the design and implementation of viable ‘green sub-projects’. These subprojects are financed through the PNPM-Green block grants and are focused in improved natural resource management (NRM) practices, environmentally-sound income generating activities (IGA), and renewable energy (RE). 1.1.2. Development Objective: It is that rural communities in target locations benefit from improved NRM practices and the use of RE technology. This objective is achieved through (i) mainstreaming NRM issues in the community-driven development planning process; (ii) increasing environmental awareness and related management capacity of communities and government stakeholders, and (iii) disbursing block grants to fund environmentally supportive ‘green’ projects at the kecamatan and kabupaten level. 1.1.3. Approach: Operationally, PNPM-Green followed the same mechanism as the national PNPM-Rural program, except the funding was dedicated for ‘green’ projects, and block grants were disbursed at sub-district (kecamatan) - as well as district (kabupaten)-level1. These types of ‘green’ projects include, NRM such as mangrove rehabilitation, catchment area rehabilitation, RE schemes i.e. hydro power, solar panel and bio-mass power and service-based IGA such as developing small-scale enterprises. GOI-contracted facilitators/Green Facilitator/GF and World-Bank contracted CSOs worked together to build informed decisions community on how to best invest block grant funding. The socialization, environmental awareness rising, training, technical assistances provide by CSO and facilitation through PNPM-Green cycle conducted by GF and CSO were made to encourage participating communities to identify ‘green’, environmentally-sound solutions for enhancing their livelihoods. 1.1.4. Operation Wallacea Trust (OWT): It is a CSO has Grant Agreement (TF 090977) with the World Bank to conduct environmental awareness and training to local community, actors and stakeholders in the Pilot PNPM-Green in Buton, Muna and Kolaka Districts, South Sulawesi Province (1 October 2007- 30 October 2012). On 1

PNPM-Rural’s core operational mechanism only disburses block grants at the sub-district level. PNPM-Green was also disbursed block grants at the district level in recognition that many NRM and RE projects extend beyond the borders of a single sub-district.

1


March 14, 2012, we received additional grant on the existing TF 090977 to extent our facilitation areas to cover Maros, Wajo and Tana Toraja Districts (14 March – 30 October 2012). Considering several pilot districts in Sumatra had not yet received CSO supports, on April 24, 2012, we signed another GA (TF 011930) to cover Padang Pariaman and Agam Districts (West-Sumatra) and Lebong District (Bengkulu Province). TF 011930 which planned to be ended on 31 October 2012, in response to our request, the Bank agreed to extend our facilitation (no-cost extension) until 30 June 2013. 1.1.5. OWT facilitation in Sumatra: Following up the Bank’s supervision mission in December 2011 and responding to a letter sent by GOI (Directorate General of Village and Community Empowerment/PMD) addressed to the Bank regarding the need to have additional support (awareness raising and capacity building) in South Sulawesi and three districts in Sumatra (Agam, Padang Pariaman and Lebong), OWT was requested by the Bank to involve for the technical assistance. In response to the request, on 13 January 2012, we submitted technical proposal entitled: ‘Proposed CSO Services to Support Green-PNPM in Agam and Pariaman Districts (West Sumatera Province) and Lebong District (Bengkulu Province). After having some revisions, the proposal was finally accepted; a new Grant Agreement (GA) developed and signed on April 20, 2012 (TF 011930; USD 265,000). Under TF-011930, since May 2012, we have provided full supports in three districts until 31 December 2012 and extended (no-cost extension) until 30 June 2013. 1.1.6. Reasons for no-cost extension (1 January – 30 June 2013): Our effective facilitation was two months delayed, it was expected to start on March 2012, due to administrative matter, our facilitation did not start until the beginning of May 2012, there was also a pressing need to strengthen PNPM-Green program exit strategy to ensure its sustainable impacts/outcomes. 1.1.7 Relevant project to support PNPM-Green implemented by OWT in Agam District: With Danida grant, ‘Capacity Building on Catchment Areas Management and Conservation to Sustain MHP schemes’ (1.MRD.16-3), since March 2011, OWT had worked in Palembayan, Malalak and Palupuh Sub-Districts (Agam District). The activities apart from aligned with PNPM-Green, such as facilitated the establishment of village nursery, tree planting, village regulation etc. In response to the request of PNPM-Green actors and facilitators, we also supported the following activities: (a) Facilitated the installation of 11 units biogas in Nagari Salareh Aia and its maintenance (2010); (b) Facilitated the installation of 21 units biogas in Jorong Sungai Taleh, Nagari Baringin, Palembayan Sub-district (14 units) and Jorong Salimpaung, Nagari Malalak Utara of Malalak Sub-district (7 units), (c) Refresher Training for PNPM-Green facilitators and goverment officials of Sumatera region in Medan on 8 and 9 October 2012, (d) Training for MHP Assistants in Bandung on 31 January 2012, (e) Delivered the Training on Protection and Rehabilitation of Catchment Area for PL and TPK of PNPM Green Agam District on 16 November 2011, (f) Presentation on Catchment Management on PNPM Green Actors Workshop in Agam District on 6 December 2011, (g) Delivered training on nursery establishment and seedlings propagation for TPK of PNPM Green and KVCs in Palembayan Sub-district, Agam District on 3 November 2011, (h) Delivered the Training on Planting and Tree Maintenance Technique for PNPM Green beneficiaries in Salareh Aia Village, Agam District on 27 November 2011, (i) Delivered the 2


Training on Planting and Tree Maintenance Technique for PNPM Green beneficiaries in Baringing Village, Agam District on 3 December 2011, (j) Participated on Exhibition of PNPM Rural Jambore in Batusangkar, West Sumatera on 17-20 November 2011, (k) Facilitated visiting of the PNPM-Green actors and stakeholders of Agam District to conduct comparative study in Bogor from 21 to 22 December 2011. The project ended on 31 October 2012.

1.2. The Facilitation Sites 1.2.1. OWT facilitation sites in Sumatra: Agam and Padang Pariaman Districts (West Sumatra Province), which are composed of 6 sub-districts (kecamatan): (a) Agam District: Palembayan, Palupuh, and Malalak; (b) Padang Pariaman District: Enam Lingkung, VII Koto Sungai Sarik, and Batang Gasan. (c) Lebong District (Bengkulu Province), which is composed of 3 sub-districts, Padang Bano, Lebong Utara, and Lebong Atas.

Figure 1.1. Map of the districts of OWT facilitation on PNPM Green in Sumatera

1.2.2. Physiographic and accessibility of the facilitation sites: (a) Padang Pariaman District is located on the lower foot slope of Bukit Barisan mountain ranges. The landscape is dominated by flat and gentle slopes area; soil is fertile while the average annual rainfall is 3,000 mm. The pilot sub-districts have an excellent accessibility and closed to each other. It is only about 1 hour car drive from

3


the Airport. Some areas have high Tsunami hazards; the major land-use is paddy field (sawah) and agroforestry. (b) Agam District covers the upper and middle slope of Bukit Barisan Mountain ranges. Agam District lies between 001'34'' - 028'43'' South and 9946'39''10032'50'' East, extends from mountainous upland into coastal areas. The altitude ranges from 0 – 2,891 m above sea level. It is a typical volcanic landscape in the tropics; many areas in the District have beautiful scenery and comfortable weather conditions. Temperature ranges from cool to warm in the lowland areas. The District is located in the western part of the Bukit Barisan Mountain range. The geology is volcanic in origin, dominated by Andosols, a typical fertile soil developed on recent volcanic deposits. Water resources are abundant with low turbidity (suspended-load) due to the stable substrate. Lake Maninjau, one of the largest lakes in West-Sumatera, is located in the District. Annual rainfall ranges from 2,500 – 3,000 mm. The natural vegetation is rain forest (now degraded in most places) and dominated by suren (Toona sureni). The dominant population is the Minangkabau ethnic group and is mostly Moslem. The main source of income of local community is from irrigated rice farming; farmers also plant coffee, cocoa, rubber, Cassia vera (Cinnamomum burmanii/kayu manis2), and gambir (Ucaria gambir Roxb.) in the rain-fed land. Oilpalm plantations have started to dominate land-use in the lowland area.

Figure 1.2. Map of the sub-districts of OWT facilitation on PNPM Green in West Sumatera

2

Cinnamomum burmanii is native to Southeast Asia. This species has aromatic oils in its leaves and bark.

4


The pilot sub-districts have a good accessibility, although it is far to each other. It is about 1-3 hours’ car drive from Bukittinggi or Lubuk Basung (Capital of Agam District). Some areas have high landslide hazards; the major land-use is paddy field (sawah) and agroforestry. (c) Lebong District covers the upper and middle slope of Bukit Barisan Mountain ranges. The landscape is dominated by steep slopes area; soil is fertile while annual rainfall is 3,500 mm. One of the pilot sub-district (Padang Bano) has poor accessibility during wet season. It is about 5-6 hours’ car drive from Province capital/Bengkulen. Some areas have high landslide hazards; the major land-use is agroforestry and forestry; about 70% of the area is under state forest area (kawasan hutan negara).

Figure 1.3. Map of the sub-districts of OWT facilitation on PNPM Green in Bengkulu 1.2.3. ‘Nagari’, a smallest government unit in West Sumatra Province: Nagari is a customary defined administrative area boundary inherited by Minangkabau3 geopolitical structure (Langgam). ‘Nagari’ is equal to ‘desa’ (village), but the administrative area is normally larger than desa. The area size and population of one nagari is equal to 2-5 villages (big village). The New Order government had nationalized indigenous and diverse village governance systems which had been in existence before 1945; through Law No. 5/1979, the nagari system was changed into 3

The dominant ethnic group in West-Sumatra Province

5


‘desa’. With reference to Law No. 22/1999, issued during reformation era, West Sumatra Province enacted Law No 9/2000 which returned (from ‘desa’ during the New Order) into indigenous ‘Nagari’ governance system. One Nagari is composed of 5 -10 Jorong or Korong (sub-village); Agam District use ‘Jorong’ for sub-Nagari, while Padang Pariaman District use ‘Korong’. 1.3. Objective of the Report The report provides summary of OWT activities, strategies, achievements to support PNPM-Green in Sumatra. The report documents approaches, strategies and lessons learned to empower community for NRM, IGA and RE sub-projects at village level and the ways to mainstream the smart-practices at (sub) district and (sub)-national level. 1.4. Organization of the Report The completion report is composed of two parts: first is activity report; second is financial report. For some reasons the financial report is separated from the activity report. The first part outlines the achievements against given result indicators. The second part of the report discusses selected cases and lessons learned, while the third part provides general conclusions and recommendations. A set of appendices are attached.

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Chapter II Strategies and Achievements: Outputs, Outcomes and Success Stories 2.1. Introduction PNPM-Green set four performance indicators: (a) Well-trained PNPM-Green facilitators and other local PNPM stakeholders, who can ignite and facilitate ‘green’ projects within PNPM, not limited to those within PNPM-Green target locations; (b) Local community members (including women) who are aware of environmental issues and sustainable natural resource decisions that they can participate in; (c) Adoption by regional governments of natural resources governance issues as an integral part of the policy development and decision making process; (d) A sustainable capacity among both (PNPM) facilitators and (PNPM) stakeholders of all levels to continue the implementation of locally driven ‘green’ development investment and to expand its geographic coverage to new areas. To comply with the given performance indicators, we provided supports to the program in the form of: (a) environmental training; (b) environmental awareness; (c) establishment of demo-pilots; (d) facilitation (pendampingan) and (e) technical assistances. This chapter summarizes our main efforts and strategies to achieve each performance indicators, it is also aimed to document our key approaches to nurture and mainstream green development mindset to key development agents at village and (sub) district level within and beyond the pilot areas. 2.2. Performance Indicator 1: Well-trained PNPM-Green facilitators and other local PNPM stakeholders, who can ignite and facilitate ‘green’ projects within PNPM, not limited to those within PNPM-Green Target Locations 2.2.1. Supported DANIDA training on NRM in Sumatra: the publication of NRM manual, booklets and fly-over4 was directly followed with training implementation on NRM for FKL and Setrawan (civil servant facilitators) in two regions in Medan (25-29 June 2012) and Bukittinggi (2-6 July 2012) involving participants of three provinces in Sumatra (Aceh, North Sumatra and West Sumatra). We also facilitated the preparation and implementation of outdoor practical exercise in Padang Pariaman District. On 16-20 September 2012 we also supported DANIDA training on NRM in Bengkulu Province at Santika Hotel. We provided full supports on in-door training implementation and delivered 4 subjects, i.e. (a) Introduction of Natural Resource Management; (b) Catchment Area Management; (c) Selection of tree crop species; (d) Tree planting. 2.2.2. Facilitated Field-work of Danida NRM Training in Padang Pariaman District: We organized one day field work of NRM training participants which was associated with the 4

Since December 2011, we have worked together with Mr. Frans Harum (Danida Consultant) and Mr. Soren Moestrup (Danida Advisor/PSF) to develop NRM manual and booklets for Green facilitators (GF). We prepared three chapters: (a) Catchment Management Planning; (b) Agroforestry and (c) Income generating activity. We also provided full technical assistance the making of booklet illustration; (a) catchment management planning; (b) income generating activities; (c) establishment of Village Nursery; (d) Agroforestry and (e) tree planting. The materials have been be used for GF and Setrawan training held in June and July 2012 in Sulawesi and Sumatra. The overall materials will also be useful for the next phase of PNPM-Green and other relevant NRM program.

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visit of Mr. Tim Mac Hansen (Danida Counselor for trade and development) to PNPM-Green smart practices in Sumatra. We facilitated the second day of the field visit of Mr. Tim Mac Hansen and organized together (at the same time and sites) with NRM participant field-work. The field-work was conducted on Wednesday, 4 July 2012 from 8.00 – 16.00. The field-work sites held at Korong (sub-village) Sungai Ibur 1 and Korong Bulu Kasok, Nagari Sungai Sarik, VII Koto Sub-district. The practical exercises during the field work cover the following subjects: (a) Village nursery (self initiated by local community); (b) Technique of tree planting on steep land; (c) Evaluation of tree planting survival (Korong Sungai Ibur); (c) agroforestry; (d) Technique of tree planting on gentle slope (PNPM-Green block grant 2010); (e) the making of organic fertilizer (Korong Bulu Kasok). All practical exercise was conducted on PNPM-Green project sites, in such a way that Mr. Tim Mac Hansen had opportunity to witness the benefits of the project to local community. This event was largely attracted the attention of project beneficiaries and key government officials.

Figure 2.1 Mr. Tim Mac Hanton, Danida Counselor for Trade and Development visited the facilitation sites in Padang Pariaman District, West Sumatera 2.2.3. Training Workshop to synergize efforts on PNPM-Green completion involving FKL, UPL and PL of Padang Pariaman and Agam Districts: Considering; (a) Until June 2012, several 2011 sub-projects have not been completed and those are expected to be completed before the end of August 2012; (b) Understanding that PNPM-Green will be terminated on 31 December 2012, therefore the major part of 2012 sub-projects implementation are targeted to be completed by the end of October 2012. To complete the jobs we need to synergize efforts, not only Green-Facilitators but also PL (local champions who provide field supports to FKL) and also UPK. To do so we facilitated two days workshop held in Pasir Panjang Hotel, Maninjau on 21-23 June 2012. The resources persons of the workshop were: (a) Consultants (Astal); (b) WCS; (c) OWT; (d) BPMD. We successfully facilitated workshop participants to improve technical and managerial capacity, especially: (a) approaches to solve technical problems (biogas installation, nursery development etc,); (b) financial administration and its accountability; (c) improved coordination among project beneficiaries and key PNPM actors at village and sub-district level; (d) developed committed workplan until 31 October 2012.

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2.2.4 Training for Facilitators and Stakeholders during PNPM-Green Province Coordination Meeting in West Sumatra (August 31, 2012): We collaborated with Province working unit (Pak Sukirwan Chan) to organize province coordination meeting plus one day CSO training. The objective of the cordination meeting was to formulate strategy to speed-up the completion of 2011 and 2012 sub-projects. We followed-up the meeting with technical capacity building to Green Facilitators all over West Sumatra Province (5 Districts): (a) Facilited Green facilitators to indentify and inventory the social and technical problems; (b) Discussed (kupas-tuntas) step-by-step social and technical problem solving approaches; (c) Together with WCS, facilitated share learning among PNPM-Green facilitators; (d) Delivered lecture on techniques to empower microorganism (bacteria and fungi) troops; (e) Delivered seven manuals on catchment area protection and rehabilitation to all participants. The training was attended by Consultants, PJOK and Camat from five pilot districts. Total participants were 78 persons, 66 male and 12 female. 2.2.5. Facilitated MHP Management Team (TP3) Training West Sumatra Province (30 October-3November and 6-10 November 2012: Many villages have MHP and establish its managementTeam (TP3). Enhancing of the capacity building of MHP management team (TP3) is improtant to ensure sustainability operating and good management of several MHPs in West Sumatra. Together with GIZ, we facilitated training for Management Team (TP3) of MHP beneficiaries in West Sumatera. The training was attended by 76 persons of MHP management team members from five districts in West Sumatera (Agam, Padang Pariaman, Pasaman, Solok Selatan, and Pesisir Selatan). 2.2.6. Facilitated field visit on MHP Management Team in Bengkulu Province. We facilitated field visit to Air Pawuk Village, Padang Bano, Lebong District. Apart from learning the work of MHP Management Team, we also facilitated participants to see other relevant smart practices: (a) village regulation on MHP operation; (b) catchment area rehabilitaion; (c) village nursery, including rubber trees seed orchard for catchment area rehabilitation; (d) biogas installation. The field visit were participated by 60 persons. 2.2.7. Facilitated training on Gender Awareness for Green Facilitators in Padang (12-14 November 2012): This training was rather late for the program; it is ideally delivered during pre-service training of Green Facilitators (GF). The training provided strategy on gender sensitive environmental awareness, training and facilitation for rural community. This training apart from participated by 8 GF from Agam and Padang Pariaman District also attended by 11 GF. 2.2.8. Delivered Training on Village Regulation on MHP operation in Agam District (2024 November 2012). The aim of this training is to enhance the capacity building of key village goverments and champions on the formulation of MHP Management Statute. The training is attended by KVG and KCV and TP3 Management Team. The training was attended by 97 persons (90 male and 7 famale). 2.2.9. Published Information Education and Communication (IEC) materials: (a) DVD Film on Catchment Area Management: This DVD film is composed of six films: (i). Manmade natural disaster (Bencana Alam Buatan Manusia); (ii) One Catchment One Management (Satu DAS Satu Pengelolaan); (iii) Planting campaigns in Agam District (Agam Menanam); (iv) Giant Sponge of Indonesia (Karet Busa Raksasa Indonesia); (v) MHP for People and (vi) Nursery development (Persemaian dan Pembibitan). 9


(b) DVD film on PNPM-Green Smart Practices: This DVD is composed of five films: (i) Vegetative propagation technique (Teknik Pembibitan Vegetatif); (ii) PNPM-Green smart practices (Praktik Cerdas PNPM-Green); (iii) World Bank Supervision Mission in SE Sulawesi; (iv) Mushroom Cultivation (Budidaya Jamur); (v) The making of Kascing Fertilizer (Pupuk Kascing).

Figure 2.2. DVD films produced during PNPM Green implementation in Sumatera (c) Posters: (i) ‘Save and Protect Watershed Area: for the sustainability of life supporting system from ridge to reef; (ii) Making money out of the waste (Dari Limbah Menjadi Rupiah). (iii) Biogas: Making energy, Improving harvest and Combating waste (Bebas limbah, energi dan panen melimpah). Each poster was printed for 1500 copies. Each poster (50 posters for each district) have been framed using woods or aluminum and installed on strategic sites, such as UPK office, district agency offices, village halls, restaurants, schools etc. (d) Published and distributed ‘Lestari Desaku’ magazine: On the beginning of June, we published and distributed the first edition of ‘Lestari Desaku’ (My Sustainable Village; 35 pages), The magazine is aimed as an environmental awareness raising material for key village governments (KVG)/champions (KVC) at sub-district and village level on natural resource management (enhance productive use of local resource); village governance and promotion of PNPM-Green smart practices. A particular green income generating activity is selected as a focus on each edition of the magazine which will be published on quarterly basis. The focus of the first edition is Oyster Mushroom Cultivation (budidaya jamur tiram) as a potential green business in rural area. The focus, apart from discussing technical detail on the key ‘secret’ success of mushroom cultivation, it also make the readers aware on the key success to start operating the business. The magazine is attached with a DVD film which provides visual detail and soft-file of written manual on the step-by-step process of the cultivation. The list of contact agencies and persons are also provided. The dream behind the making of the magazine is to make rural people aware on their on-site abundant resources which should be able to improve their livelihoods. We need to strengthen village governance to make them

10


independence (mandiri); they should be able to build their life without too much expecting outsiders.

Figure 2.3. Three editions of Lestari Desaku Magazine We are also continued to publish and distribute the second and third edition of Lestari Desaku magazine. The focus of the second edition: Menuai Berkah Dari Limbah: Kiat Memberdayakan Pasukan Mikroba; Transforming waste into grace: Strategy to empower microorganism troop. While the focus of the third edition is: Kini menanam and esok memanen; Kiat Memberdayakan Tanaman Buah; Today Planting, Tomorrow Harvesting: Empowering fruit trees. The second edition was published on September, while the third edition is on October 2012. Both are printed for 3000 copies and distributed to key PNPM-Green stakeholders. We need to strengthen village governance to make them independence (mandiri); they should be able to build their life without too much expecting outsiders. The magazine can also be visited on www.owt.or.id. (e) Installed framed environmental posters in Padang Pariaman and Agam District, West Sumatera and Lebong District, Bengkulu: We installed 50 wooden/aluminium framed environmental posters on every district and installed on strategic sites, such as at district agency offices, village halls, restaurants, schools etc.

Figure 2.4. Installed wooden framed poster in schools (left) and village halls (right)

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(f) Making Miniature on Catchment Protection and Rehabilitation towards Sustainable of Rural Energy. This miniature was presented during National Workshop and Talkshow on Green Rural for Prosperity organized by PMD on 4-5 December 2012. This miniature demonstrated the smart practices of integrated head water catchment management strategy in rural areas where MHP and productive use energy are established. We also made miniature of straw and oyster mushroom growing house.

Figure 2.5.Miniature of catchment protection and rehabilitation (left), miniature of straw and oyster mushroom growing house (right)

(g) Reprinted eight leaflets: (i) Seedlings propagation by cutting technique; (ii) Planting technique; (iii) Cultivation of Gaharu (Agar Wood); (iv) Biogas; (v) Technique on making of Bokashi; (vi) CCB; (vii) Generative seedlings propagation technique; (viii) Selection of tree species for land rehabilitation (Pemilihan Jenis tanaman untuk rehabilitasi lahan).

Figure 2.6. Eight leaflets produced during OWT facilitation in Sumatera

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(h) One PNPM-Green sticker: 1500 copies. (i) T-Shirt : T-shirt has proven as an effective incentive to generate voluntary work’s spirits of local community for catchment area rehabilitation campaign. We made 500 T-shirt and distributed to local community and project stakeholders in Agam and Padang Pariaman District. (j) Revised and published 8 manuals on Catchment Area Management Protection and Rehabilitation: We developed 8 serial manuals on catchment area protection and rehabilitation and had been tried out on several trainings. We used to copy those manuals for participants and made regular revisions based on feed-back received during the trainings, During implementation of the project, we made final revision of 8 manuals: (a) Volume 1: Principles of Vegetative and Civil Technique Conservation Measures; (b) Volume 2: Participatory mapping on catchment areas boundary; (c) Volume 3: Generative propagation of tree seedlings; (d) Volume 4: Vegetative propagation of tree seedlings; (e) Volume 5: Techniques on tree planting, maintenance and its survival evaluation; (f) Volume 6: The Making of Organic Fertilizer; (g) Volume 7: Mangrove and Coastal Area Rehabilitation; (h) Volume 8: Green Income generating Activities Model: Straw and Oyster Mushroom Cultivation. Each manual is printed for 1500 copies. The eight manuals were distributed to PNPM-Green facilitators, key village champions, schools and district offices, i.e. Forestry, Agriculture, Environmental and BPMD offices.

Figure 2.7.

OWT Serial Manual on Catchment Protection and Rehabilitation

(k) Supporting DANIDA Training Materials on NRM : Since December 2011, we have worked together with Mr. Frans Harum (Danida Consultant) and Mr. Soren Moestrup (Danida Advisor/PSF) to develop NRM manual and booklets for Green facilitators (GF). We prepared three chapters: (a) Catchment Management Planning; (b) Agroforestry and (c) Income generating activity. We also provided full technical assistance the making of booklet illustration; (a) catchment management planning; (b) income generating activities; (c) establishment of Village Nursery; (d) Agroforestry and (e) tree planting. The materials have been be used for GF and Setrawan training held in June and July 2012 in Sulawesi and Sumatra.

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Figure 2.8. Booklets on NRM developed by OWT to supprot DANIDA training materals

2.3. Performance Indicator 2: Local community members (including women) who are aware of environmental issues and sustainable natural resource decisions that they can participate in. 2.3.1. Together with Green Facilitators Facilitated budget design: During May-June, 2012’s PNPM-Green cycles in West Sumatra and Bengkulu Provinces have passed MAD-II, MAD-III and MD Information. The critical step between MAD-II and MAD-III was budget (RAB) design. As realized that the output of MAD-II is the rank of village proposal and target number of sub-project (e.g. land rehabilitation area in ha), while the detailed budget has not yet defined during that stage. As such, after MAD-II, PNPM-Green actors have to conduct price survey (e.g. the unit price of tree seedling, etc.), as reference to count the exact amount of fund required of each sub-project. The budget making was used to be made by FKL with limited involvement of key PNPM actors. Such process was not only lack of transparency and participation, but also negates the need of PNPM actor capacity building on budget development. The poor participation of local development actors (such as KVG) leading to poor ownership of the project. We made use the ‘integration’ process (where the process is not in a hurry) to stimulate PNPM actors and stakeholders at village level on budget (RAB) making. This included the following process: (a) Together with Astal, FKL, KPMD and TPK to conduct price survey of raw materials; (b) ‘Village to village’ facilitation on sub-project budget making process together with FKL, TPK, KPMD, KVG and involved sub-project beneficiary’s candidates. The budget meetings held on UPK office. The practice is the scale-up of similar activity conducted in Sulawesi. The facilitation was conducted with Head of Village/Wali Nagari, TPK, Consultative Board, KVC and representatives of local community. The facilitation began with discussing stepby-step activities, and then followed with collecting ideas on the readily available local resource which can be easily provided by local community. The budget allocation should consider as much as possible to allow contribution of local resources. The budget description was defined based on price standard. The example of cost breakdown (for the case of land rehabilitation is presented in Table 2.1. 14


The budget design and allocation is based on the following principles (a) transparency; (b) addressing and accommodating the needs of greater beneficiary targets; (c) targeted activities and achievements are compatible with the available resource; (d) Emphasis is given to the quality of the Green sub-project implementation; (e) The available resources (budget) shall be spent in an efficient, effective and productive manner. Table 2.1. Example of budget development for nursery, planting and maintenance for 12,000 seedlings for total area of 8 ha in Salareh Aia, Agam District (all in IDR) No

Budget Component

Amount

Unit

Cost per unit

Total Cost

Fund Sources

A. Nursery Development 1

Bamboo

SS

2

Seedlings growing bed (bedeng sapih) 1x 5 m2

3

Roofs of germination bed

SS

4

Seed beds (bedeng tabur)

SS

5

Potting media (soil, compost)

SS

6

Nursery equipment

SS

7

Polybag and non-indigenous seeds

10,000

polybag

20

200,000

BG

8

Filling soil to polybags

12,000

polybag

50

600,000

BG

9

Transplanting seedlings

12,000

seedling

25

300,000

BG

10

Nursery maintenance

6

month

100,000

600,000

BG

11

other nursery materials

1

Package

536,200

BG 17 %

24

bed

20,000

Sub-total

480,000

2,716,200

BG

B. Planting 1

Bamboo stakes (ajir)

2

Compost Land clearing and planting strips (6 mds/ha x 35,000 = 210,000) Planting strip and space (3 mds/ha x 35,000= 105,000)

3 4

12,000

5

Installing stakes (2 mds/ha x 35.000= 70,000) Planting holes and weeding surrounding the 6 hole (11 mds/ha x 35,000 =385,000) Transport seedlings to planting holes (2 mds/ha 7 x 35,000=70,000) Transporting compost to planting holes (3 8 mds/ha x 35,000=105,000) Planting of seedlings (6 mds/ha x 35.000 = 9 210,000) Sub-total

stake

50

600,000

BG SS

8

ha

8

ha

8

ha

8

210,000

1,680,000

BG

840,000

BG

70,000

560,000

BG

ha

385,000

3,080,000

BG

8

ha

70,000

560,000

BG

8

ha

105,000

840,000

BG

8

ha

210,000

1,680,000 9,840,000

105,000

BG 62%

C. Maintenance of the current year 1

Fertilizing (2 mds/ha x 35.000=70,000)

8

ha

70,000

560,000

BG

2 3

Replanting (2 mds/ha x 35.000=70,000) Weeding/tillage (8 mds/ha x35.000= 280,000)

8 8

ha ha

70,000 280,000

560,000 2,240,000

BG BG

Sub-total Grand total (A+B+C)

3,360,000 15,916,200

21% 100%

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Remarks: mds = man-days (IDR 35,000/day), BG=Block-grant, SS = Self-Supporting (swadaya).

2.3.2. Development and promotion of appropriate technologies: We continuously developed innovative of environmentally sound appropriate technology (Teknologi Tepat Guna/TTG) applicable on rural community and facilitated its adoption. We have introduced six new innovative green sub-projects: a. Equipment to make rice husk charcoal: Considering rice being the main agricultural crop in Agam and Padang Pariaman Districts and to a certain extent Lebong District, especially in the flat to gentle sloped terrain. The area has an abundance of paddy (unhusked rice) waste, such as rice husk/bran (sekam padi) and bran flour (dedak). Milling paddy produces 50-64% rice, rice husk (20-30%), and bran flour (8-12%). If 1 ha sawah produces 4 tons, the rice husk production is 800-1,200 kg. From this figures, one can imagine the annual rice husk production in this areas. Unfortunately, so far the local community has not made use the abundant rice husks. Rice husk is good for compost making and for rice-husk charcoal; all of which can be used as materials to develop growth medium seedlings. Understanding this, we introduced the making and application of simple equipment made of thin metal. The equipment is aimed to control oxygen content during burning process in such a way the burnt husk become charcoal.

Figure 2.9. Equipment for making of rice husk charcoal b. Introduced the use of rice husk charcoal as a growth medium: The benefits are: (a) Increase pH; (b) Improve porosity (soil growth media texture and structure); (c) Seedlings are easily taken out of the poly-bag (avoid root disturbances/damages). c. Introduced germination boxes. To control humidity of the wilding (natural growth tree seedlings taken from forest floors) or newly germinated seedlings, we introduced germination boxes made of wood wrapped with plastic. The box size is 1 x 5 x 1 m. The different with normal germination tray is that the box is able to keep humidity high in such a way that the seedlings remain fresh (without fogging).

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Figure 2.10. Seed germination wooden box d. Jamur merang/straw mushroom: All project beneficiaries, either PNPM-Green subprojects or demo-pilots in the facilitation districts, have shown sustainable production, they enable to use income of the first harvest to run the second and third production cycle. We provided intensive facilitation and technical assistance on PNPM-Green straw mushroom cultivation sub-projects in Enam Lingkung and Palembayan Subdistricts. We established straw mushroom demo-plots in Padang Pariaman and Agam Districts. Straw mushroom is developed on straw (jerami) growth media and suitable for warm climate. The benefits of straw mushroom cultivation: (i) suitable to grow in low-land areas (warm weather); (ii) enable to use straw, which widely considered as low value agriculture (rice) side-products; (iii) ready to harvest within 24 days; (iv) this can be developed on various scales; (v) high market demand and financially sound. We also developed the Film and the Manual on straw mushroom cultivation. e. Trial the most efficient and effective local straw mushroom growth media composition in West Sumatra: We tested several local specific growth media materials and found that the most efficient and effective growth media composition is rice straw and the residue of Arenga pinata (Aren) tree extraction with ratio 9 to 1. In this quarter we found that on the absence of Arennga pi単ata extraction residue, we can use the waste of cardboard paper (karton) with the composition 9 to 1. f. Development of organic fertilizer made of former straw mushroom growth media: We introduced the way to recycle used straw mushroom growth media as organic fertilizer for paddy field cultivation. Straw mushroom growth media is mainly made of straw, used straw mushroom growth media can be processed as organic fertilizer to restore paddy field cultivation (From paddy field return to paddy field, Dari Sawah Kembali ke Sawah). g. Vegetative Propagation for fruit trees: There are many emerging techniques to produce fruit trees planting materials enabling for today planting and tomorrow harvesting (kini menanam, esok memanen). We trained vegetative propagation for fruit trees to farmers 17


groups such as cutting (stek), budding (okulasi), grafting (sambung), air layering (cangkok). We facilitated the existing nursery in Lebong Atas Sub-district (Lebong District)to plant root-stock (lower stump) from generative propagation and to identifiy potential mother trees as source of entres (cutting) in the villages. Vegetative propagation seedlings were implemented in Salareh Aia nursery successfully using air layering technique (pink water, guava, sapodilla, citrus, soursop, starfruit, and rambutan), shoot cutting (mangosteen, mango, guava), root cutting (guava), grafting (durian), and double leg grafting/sambung kaki ganda (mangosteen).

Figure 2.11. Vegetative seedlings propagation by double leg grafting (left) and air layering (right) h. Developed Laminar for mushroom inoculant propagation: We developed a simple tool called OWT Laminar box at village level that is used to breed (propagate) straw and oyster mushroom inoculant and any aseptic activities. This tool is made from wooden box and covered by melamine. The working principles is like general laminar air flow, but this does not use the blower and ultraviolet light. This tool is used to develop mushroom inoculant (F1, F2, and F3), while to develop F0 mushroom inoculant (spores mushroom isolation) still use a standard laminar air flow equipped by blower and ultraviolet light. The laminar box was developed and installed in Kampung Jawa Village (Lebong Utara, Lebong), N. Padang Toboh, (Enam Lingkung, Padang Pariaman), while laminar air flow was installed in OWT Bogor office.

Figure 2.12. Laminar box designed by OWT (left) and Model of Laminar air Flow (right)

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With the operation of those equipments, Laminar Air Flow in OWT Bogor office to develop F0, and OWT Laminar Box to develop F1, F2 and F3, mushroom farmers at facilitation sites (in Sumatera and Sulawesi) do not rely on mushroom seedlings production of mushroom industry in Java, in which the cost of seedling (purchasing and transporting) was until 40% of the total production cost. i. Developed autoclave drum for materials and equipments sterilization: It is used for steam sterilization of mushroom growth media and equipments; it is made of used oil drum with steaming capacity of 200 liter. The cost is about 200 thousands rupiah which it is much cheaper compared to ordinary autoclave which costs about 4 millions rupiah, while the steaming capacity is only about 20 kg.

Figure 2.13. Autoclave drums for steam sterilization 2.3.3. Facilitated straw mushroom sub-project implementation in VI Lingkung and Palembayan Sub-districts: K. Padang Taboh and K. Kampung Bonai respectively received of 2011 block-grant to cultivate one unit straw mushroom, while N. Salareh Aia received 2012 block-grant to cultivate one unit straw mushroom. In Padang Pariaman, they have spent the first and the second block-grant fund disbursment to build Kumbung (mushroom house) and to conduct mushroom cultivation trial. Unfortunately, the trial failed and they were discourage to complete the project. The failures were also occured in many other PNPMGreen mushroom block-grant in West Sumatra Province. The situations have led PNPMGreen actors lost confident to complete the mushroom projects. The situation has challenged us to solve and complete the projects. After learning straw mushroom cultivation in Karawang and Yogyakarta during August 2012, we started to provide technical assistances on three units straw mushroom incubation houses (Kumbung) which have already been established. We improved some techniques and changed the unsuitable infrastructures for mushroom growth. Fortunately our facilitation was successful and led to project beneficiaries happy and enjoy the first harvesting on September 25, 2012. Total harvested mushroom on each Kumbung was 250 kg. The success story have been acknowledged by PNPM Green actors, many of them and local NGOs visited VI Lingkung to learn straw mushroom cultivation. They have learned the success story and asked us to support similar initiative there. In response to the success story, project beneficiaries of K. Padang Taboh and K. Kampung Bonai used the remaining fund (each IDR 19 millions) to build a new Kumbung.

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Figure 2.14. Straw mushroom harvesting in Padang Pariaman

2.3.4. Developed straw mushroom demo-plot in Lebong Utara Sub-district: Considering: (a) the success cultivation and production of straw mushroom in Padang Pariaman and Agam District(West Sumatera Province) and also in Kolaka District (Southeast Sulawesi Province); (b) The abundance of straw waste in Lebong District; (c) Market opportunities of straw mushroom, (d) A simple technology on adoption of straw mushroom cultivation, (e) Lack of straw mushroom cultivation by local community in Bengkulu, especially in Lebong District, we have established one straw mushroom demo-plot in Talang Ulu, Lebong Utara Subdistrict.

Figure 2.14. Straw mushroom growth house (kumbung) models in Agam and Lebong Districts 2.3.5 TPK training at sub district level in Padang Pariaman and Agam Districts: TPK as field project implementer hold an important role to speed up project implementation without ignoring the quality of the project. The training is relevant as it is conducted about two 20


weeks before the first term of fund disbursement of 2012 sub-project and the third disbursement of 2011 sub-projects. The objectives of the training: (a) enhance TPK skill to execute step-by-step project implementation in line with fund disbursement; (b) enable to develop prioritization strategy to complete sub-project implementation according to time-line with acceptable quality; (c) Accountable to administer block-grant. 2.3.6. Film screening for community and students: Since end of Juny 2012, we have started to use awareness rising car for disseminating environmental issues West Sumatra. The topics of film screening were arranged in line with the main potential resource and environmental problems of the Nagari/Jorong/Korong. The awareness rising methods is similar as we had done in Sulawesi: (a) During the day: coordination with key village governments and champions and announcement; (b) During the night (7 – 10 PM): (i) Socialization on PNPMGreen; (ii) Film Screening; (iii) Discussion by delivering list of questions related with films and PNPM-Green Program. (a) During the day: coordination with KVG and KVC; (b) During the night (8 – 11 PM): (i) Socialization on PNPM-Green; (ii) Film Screening; (iii) Environmental campaigns conducted by Ustat and Datuk; (iv) Discussion by delivering list of questions related with films content and PNPM-Green Program. To energize participants, we provided prizes for some actives participants (T-shirts and books, about USD 20 in total). Each film screening is normally attended by 70 – 100 people. Film screenings were also conducted during the day on secondary school (junior high schools) and elementary schools to support environmental education. Film screening have been conducted on 23 sub-villages and attended by 1458 persons (749 male and 709 famale), 9 secondary schools and 2 elementary schools which attended by 774 persons (377 male and 397 famale).

Figure 2.15. My Darling awareness car in Sumatera 2.3.7. Facilitated tree planting maintenance for 2011 sub-project: We facilitated maintenance support on tree planting sub-projects in Padang Pariaman District. Our support is composed of the following activities: (a) facilitated replanting about 2 months after planting; (b) facilitated regular (every two months) weeding and soil tillage surrounding the planted trees; (c) facilitated the establishment and provide technical assistance on self-funded village nurseries.

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Figure 2.16. Film screening for students 2.3.8. On the job training for PNPM-Green actors and beneficiaries at village level: This was conducted on five selected villages for each targeted sub-district. The training was also invited KVC and KVG (such as agriculture extension workers) from surrounding villages. The training topics were selected in response to community needs and mostly conducted as a preparation of PNPM-Green sub-projects implementation. To support learning by doing training, before training implementation, we facilitated KPMD, TPK and project beneficiaries to prepare materials, equipment and basic infrastructures relevant to the training topics. When the training is dealing on nursery, they have to prepare germination bed, poly-bags, organic fertilizer, seeds and seedlings for trainee’s practical activities. During the last quarter, we conduct the following trainings; (a) Training on making of Coconut shell charcoal briquette/CCB (Batang Gasang Sub-district : Kp Tanjung, Malai Tengah, Padang Jajaran, Batang Gasang), (b) Training on Rice Husk Charcoal Making (Padang Ampulu, VII Koto Sub-district), (c) Training on Management of Coconut Processing and Business (Malai Tengah, Batang Gasan Sub-district), (d) Training on Management of Banana Chips Business (Tanjung, Batang Gasan sub-district), (e) Training on Management of Cassava Chips Business (Mandahiling, Batang Gasan Sub-district), (f) Training on Processing and Production of Bio-Organic Fertilizer (Toboh, Malalak Sub-district and Atas Tebing Village, Lebong Atas Sub-district, Lebong), (g) Training on Grafting Propagation of Rubber Trees (Kampung Gandum, Lebong Utara Sub-district), (h) Training on making of compost and garbage bricket (Ladang Palembang, Lebong Utara Sub-district), (i) Training on Cultivation Technique of Straw Mushroom (Talang Ulu and Lebong Tambang village, Lebong Utara Sub-district). (j) Training on the use of organic waste for Bokashi (Lebong Tambang Village, Lebong Atas, Lebong ). The total benefiaries of those training in village level were 1075 persons (414 males and 661 females).

Figure 2.16. Training delivery at village level

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2.3.9. Delivered training for the NRM sub-projects maintenance for KPMD, PL and Maintenance Team: Training for key PNPM-Green actors to sustain green initiative during post PNPM-green program has been conducted in several sub-districts: Batang Gasan, Enam Lingkung, VII Koto; Padang Bano (Padang Pariaman District); Lebong Utara, Lebong Atas (Lebong District) and Palembayan (Agam District). The total benefiaries were 259 persons (158 males and 101 females). 2.3.10. Facilitated the maintenance of tree nursery demo-plots: We replicated village nursery as we developed in N. Salareh Aia (Palembayan, Agam) in Padang Pariaman and Lebong Districts, it is a nursery complex supported with organic fertilizer production houses. We facilitated: (a) establishment of nursery facilities; (b) growth media preparation; (c) seeds germination; (d) nursery maintenance and organic fertilizer making. We made use the nursery pilot, which is currently used generative propagation, as embryo to develop vegetative propagation. The initiatives were conducted on K. Ambung Kapur, K. Toboh, VII Koto; K. Sarang Gagak, VI Lingkung; Kampung Gandum Village, Lebong Utara, Air Pawuk Village, Padang Bano. Every nursery, apart from composed of germination and seedlings growing bed, also completed by organic fertilizer production house, growth media preparation house, and germination wooden box.

Figure 2.17. Nursery demo-plot in N. Salareh Aia, Agam District 2.3.11. Facilitated technical assistances on 2012 tree planting maintainances: We provided maintenance support on tree planting. Our support is composed of: (a) facilitated replanting (penyulaman) about 2 months after planting; (b) facilitated the making of organic fertilizer (Bokashi) and its application; (c) facilitated regular (every two months) weeding and soil tillage surrounding the planted trees. Such event is organized in association with regular village voluntary working day (‘gotong-royong’). The facilitations were provided at: K. Mandailiang, K. Sarang Gagak, K. Balah Aie, K. Labuah (Enam Lingkung); K. Sungai Ibur, K. Buluh Kaso, K. Koto Muaro, K.Mandahiliang, K. Padang Jajaran and K. Barangbarangan (VII Koto); K. Koto Muaro, K. Barang-Barangan, K. Padang Jajaran, K. Toboh Baru, K. Simpang (Batang Gasan); Nagari Baringin, (Malalak).

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Figure 2.18. Technical assisstance on replanting tehnique 2.3.12. Provided intensive technical assistance on establsihment of biogas installation subprojects in Padang Pariaman and Agam Districts, West Sumatra Province: Biogas subprojects in Padang Pariaman District were a lot during 2012, we have invested considerable resources on the design, construction process and maintenance to ensure that biogas installation done properly and work well; At the beginning (prior to the construction) we delivered trainings for TPK and project beneficiaries, then we facilitated the construction process of all biogas sub-projects. We facilitated 56 units biogas installation; (a) K. Hilalang Gadang (10 units), VI Lingkung; (b) K. Mandaling/Duku Banyak (11 units); K. Kampung Bendang (17 units), VII Koto; (c) K. Piliang (3 units), Batang Gasan; (d) J. Gumarang 1 (14 units), Palembayan. On December 2012, all of biogas installation have been MDST.

Figure 2.19. Biogas installation model 2.3.13. Catchment areas protection and rehabilitation on MHP beneficiaries in Agam and Lebong District : Our facilitation covered: (a) Technical assistance on the formulation of budget planning; (b) Participatory mapping of catchment areas boundary, critical lands and tree planting areas; (c) Tree nursery development; (d) establishment of organic fertilizer production house; (e) Facilitation on village regulation on catchment areas management (Air Pawuk, Padang Bano); (f) Inter-villages workshop on catchment area management planning. Facilitations were conducted on N. Maur Mudik, N. Gumarang, N. Bamban and N. Sipinang, Palembayan; Air Pawuk, Padang Bano. Village regulation in Air Pawuk had been completed in July, while inter-villages meeting to formulate catchment areas management planning in Palembayan held on 27 September 2012, involved 40 KCV representatives from 8 Jorong. 24


2.3.14. Facilitated the maintenance of mediun scale Biogas Installation at N. Guguak Kuranji Hilir, Sungai Limau, Padang Pariaman: There have been many block-grants invested on biogas construction within PNPM-Green but many of them are for household scale, thereby the direct beneficiaries in many cases are household rather than community group unit. The issue can be addressed if the biogas has big capacity and enable as common source of energy for the entire members group. To do so, we developed medium scale biogas (5 m3) on the respected farmer group in Padang Pariaman District named S3 (Sairing, Saiyo, Sakato). The farmer groups raise 10 cows in cage while the group will establish Tahu industry, the gas will use as source of energy to process tahu. The biogas construction which used fiber digester is under construction. 2.3.15. Facilitated the maintenance of NRM and income generating activities demplots: Apart from the aforementioned demplots, in this quarter we facilitated the maintenance of NRM and sustainable demplots: (a) Rubber trees nursery (Air Pawuk, Padang Bano Subdistrict); (b) Oyster mushroom cultivation (Salaraeh Aia Village, Palembayan Sub-district; Padang Toboh and Kampung Bonai, Enam Lingkung Sub-district; and Talang Ulu, Lebong Utara Sub-district ); (c) Preparation for vegetatif propagation (J. Ambalu, J. Sikilir, J. Sungai Ibur, and J. Toboh, VII Koto; J. Sarang Gagak, VI Lingkung; (d) Rehabilitation of coastal areas with Casuarina equisetifolia seedlings in Batang Gasan Sub-district, (e) Rehabilitation of catchment area (Labuah Sub-village, Enam Lingkung Sub-district). 2.3.16. Training on Inoculant Mushroom Propagation for Musroom Farmer Cadres: Mushroom spawn was used to purchase from Karawang District (West Java) with the price and transportation cost of IDR 7,500/baglog or about 40% out of production cost. As such, technical training on mushroom inoculant making for mushroom farmers was conducted. This training held at OWT office in Padang Pariaman on 20 February 2013 and participated by 6 cadres from Agam and Padang Pariaman Districts. The same training was also conducted in Lebong District on 3 March 2013.

Figure 2.20. Training on Mushroom Inoculants propagation

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2.4. Performance Indicator 3. Adoption by regional governments of natural resources governance issues as an integral part of the policy development and decision making process 2.4.1. Supported PNPM-Rural Jambore in Padang Pariaman (9-11 July 2012): Jambore PNPM is a meeting forum among PNPM-Rural actors and stakeholders at province level, where every district representatives can share experience and outputs. The event was first initiated by West Sumatra Province and now being a common events in other provinces. Together with WCS, we supported Province BPMD to present photos, awareness materials, books and screening documentary films. On this event, we also introduced ‘My Darling’ awareness car.

Figure 2.21

Promoting PNPM Green smart practices in PNPM Rural Jambore

2.4.2. Campaign of ‘Green Nagari’ at Agam District: Unsustainable landuse practices occur in many villages in Agam District. In the lowland areas natural forest and other traditional land-use (agroforestry) has been converted into oil palm (Elaeis guineensis)5, while in the upland areas, Gambir (Ucaria gambir Roxb)6 plantation has been widespread at the expense of natural forest. Both have contributed to rapid deforestation, biodiversity-loss, forest fires, carbon emissions, water yield reduction and loss of landscape beauty. To control the unchecked degradation process, we supported Agam District to conduct so-called ‘Green5

Oil palm development involves many tradeoffs. Oil palm is often a major driver of economic growth and a source of alternative fuel, but it also threatens traditional livelihoods and the rich biological diversity; it destroys the landscape beauty and increases global carbon emissions. The boom of oil palm in West Sumatra has attracted upland community to plant oil palm, without caring the suitability rate of the land for oil palm. As results, many sloping areas in the upland area have been converted into smallholder oil palm plantation at the expense of forest and agroforestry land use.

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Gambir is a light demanding shrub plant of the Rubiace family which grows well from 300 – 800 m asl. The extracted leaves and branches produce tanin, katechin and pyrokatechol. Gambir is used as a raw material for medicine, food, cosmetic, textile and leather processing industries. This is a product specific to West Sumatra Province, around 80% of the world demand is met by the province with destiniation countries being: Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, Taiwan, Japan, South Korea, France, and Switzerland. The development of Gambir plantations in Agam District is very destructive to the environment. Most of the smallholder Gambir plantations are developed through slash and burn of the remaining natural forest in the hilly terrain. Gambir is high water and nutrient demanding while there are no soil and water conservation measures or actions to maintain and restore soil fertility. After 3-5 years, the plantation becomes unproductive and new forest is cut to develop more plantation areas. Such bad practices are common in several areas and dramatically degrade landscape beauty and the ‘sponge’ effects of mountain forest. The rate of deforestation is strongly correlated with the market price.

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Nagari’ campaign. It is composed of the following activities: (a) Awareness raising campaigns on ‘Green Nagari’ in N. Salareh Aia, N. Pagadih and N. Malalak; (b) Training on tree seedling propagation, organic fertilizer, organic pesticide and biogas installation in N. Salareh Aia, N. Pagadih and N. Malalak; (c) Facilitation on the establishment of Nagari and MHP nurseries in N.Salareh Aia, N. Pagadih and N. Malalak; (d) Facilitation and providing technical assistance on biogas installation; (e) Facilitation on participatory mapping of MHP catchment areas in N. Salareh Aia and N. Pagadih; (f) Facilitation on development of GreenRPJM Nagari model (Roads towards Green Nagari) in N. Salareh Aia: (g) Facilitation on development of Green-CSR of PT Oil Palm Plantation Company for N. Salareh Aia; (h) Facilitation on development of N. Pagadih Regulation on Forest Protection and Critical Land Rehabilitation; (i) Training on vegetative rehabilitation for Green Facilitators (SPL, Astal and FKL) of the entire PNPM-Green Pilot Districts in West Sumatera Province; (j) Mainstreaming PNPM-Green smart practices in West Sumatera Province; (k) Facilitation for Key Nagari Champions, Head of Sub-district (Camat), Wali Nagari and SKPD to attend NRM training in Bogor. 2.4.3 Facilitation of Parliements and SKPD Semiloka in Lebong District: We conducted some meetings coordination with district PJO and Green Fasilitators to organize PNPMGreen Semiloka for parliements (DPRD) and SKPD and facilitated their visit on PNPMGreen smart practices. The Semiloka was conducted on 19-20 September 2012. In this Semiloka we Promoted re-adoption of ‘Conservation District’ in Lebong District. Each year every pilot district receive national fund to organize ‘semi-loka’ (workshop) event to promote PNPM-Green to SKPD and DPRD. Such strategic event was used to be organized in low profile manner by Lebong District PMD leading to the poor promotion of the program. In response to the situation, we offered technical assistance to support the organization of the event; The offer was warmly accepted by Lebong District PMD. We made use the important event to revive the ‘conservation district’ discourse which has long been forgotten. In 2004, Lebong District had proclaimed themselves as Conservation District, together with Malino, Kapuas Hulu Districts (East Kalimantan) and Kuningan District (West Java). By claiming as conservation district, they expected to receive special national and international investment to support sustainable development in their areas. This is reasonable, as 70% of Lebong District area is laid on protected areas (Kerinci Seblat National Park and Watershed Protection Forest/Hutan Lindung). The discourse was gradually disappeared after no clear follow-up on funding set-up. However, conservation district discourse for Lebong District is indeed still relevant as the district is a good model for sustainable development on district dominated by protected areas. This is supported by the following conditions: (a) conservation efforts on the district dominated by protected areas may be able to be supported with REDD+ scheme; (b) Ministry of Forestry Regulation on Village Forest/Hutan Desa (No. 49/200) and Community Forestry/Hutan Kemasyarakatan have provided strong legal aspects to enhance rural community access on land resources in the protected areas. With this background, we made use the ‘semi-loka’ event to stimulate discussion on conservation district. The theme of the workshop was: “Through PNPM-Green we strengthen sustainable development in Lebong toward Conservation District’. The two days workshop were so fruitful and successfully convinced SKPD and DPRD on: (a) the fact that Lebong District is dominated by protected areas should be seen as opportunity rather than burden; (b) Lebong District should be active to collaborate with Ministry of Forestry on the legal arrangement to enhance rural community access to HKM, HD and HTR (Hutan Tanaman Rakyat) schemes. CSO (OWT) will provide technical assistance on the preparation, such as mapping potential areas for HKM and link with officials in the Ministry of Forestry.

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2.4.4 Workshop for Customary and Religious Leaders on environmental management in Padang Pariaman (3 August 2012) and Agam District (4 and August 14, 2012): West Sumatra Population is dominated by Moslem with strong engagement on customary law. The roles of Customary Leader (Datuk) and Moslem preachers/leaders (Ulama/Ustat) is of equally important with government officials, either Datuk and Ulama are well respected leaders and being a powerful agents/motivator for sustainable development at local level. The training was aimed at inspiring Datuk and Ulama/Ustat on West Sumatra environmental issues and roles as a basis for Datuk and Ustat to direct their ‘ummat’ (followers) and remind government on the importance of natural resource protection and sustainable development. The workshop in Padang Pariaman District was attended by 40 persons (37 males and 3 females), while in Agam District was attended by 28 persons.

Figure 2.22. Workshop for Customary and Religious Leaders NRM

2.5. Performance Indicator 4: A sustainable capacity among both [PNPM] facilitators and [PNPM] stakeholders of all levels to continue the implementation of locally driven ‘green’ development investment and to expand its geographic coverage to new areas. 2.5.1. Facilitated the making of Perdes on NRM in West Sumatra Province: To support the initiation of Danida/1.MRD.16-3, since June, we have started to facilitate the formulation of the Nagari Regulation in Nagari Salareh Aia (Palembayan Sub-district, Agam) and Pagadih (Palupuh Sub-district, Agam). Considering complexity of environmental problems as described in section I above, the regulations have ruled the following matters: (a) Community forest management, including the administration of forest products and forest function; (b) Water Resources conservation, including springs and streams; (c) Biodiversity conservation, including the utilization of endangered species, (d) Waste Management, including household waste, market, and home industries; (e) Protection of vulnerable areas: sloping land, riparian areas, peatlands and irrigated rice field; (f) Promotion of relevant local wisdom such as agroforestry (Parak) system, customary forest. The Perdes is expected being a model for other nagari in West Sumatra. In Padang Pariaman, we trained KPMD on RPJMDes review. 2.5.2. Facilitated the making of Perdes on MHP in Bengkulu Province: By the end of June, we completed serial facilitations to formulate Perdes on the management use and to sustain MHP in Air Pawuk Village, Padang Bango. It is the first MHP Perdes in the province. The village is located in remote area and shares boundary with Gunung Gedang Watershed Protection Forest (Hutan Lindung). To reach the village one should drive motor-bike for two hours through the logging road of former forest concession right working in the areas during 28


1990s. The Perdes acknowledged that MHP will only be sustained if local community is able to conserve Gunung Gedang Watershed Protection Forest which is cover the catchment areas of river flowing to Air Pawuk Village. 2.5.3. Stimulated synergetic program between KBR and PNPM-Green village nursery: Since 2008, Ministry of Forestry has channeled funding through District Forestry Office to develop so-called ‘Kebun Bibit Rakyat’ (KBR, community nursery). In 2011, under Danida grant, we facilitated the establishment of Nagari Salareh Aia Nursery (Palembayan, Agam), which is managed by ‘Hijaulah Negeriku’ farmer group. To sustain the activities, we successfully linked the farmer group with Agam District Forestry Office; since June 2012, the farmer group received grant to develop the existing nursery capacity to become KBR. 2.5.4.Supported PMD to formulate Regulation on Catchment Management: We continuously stimulated Centre PMD (Jakarta) to develop General (Pedoman Umum) and Technical Guidelines (Petunjuk Teknis) on Catchment Area Management Implementation at district level, especially related to capacity building and institutional development. Since December 2011, the Author has been appointed by PMD as member of expert team in the development process of the guidelines. We have also been involved on PMD technical assistance program on catchment area management in the Eastern and Western Indonesia. 2.5.5. Promoted Mushroom cultivation as new income generating activity in West Sumatra and Lebong (Bengkulu): Mushroom is a potential Green income generating activities, the problems on mushroom cultivation are: (a) Lack of intensive technical assistant from experienced/skill person; (b) Difficulties to gain mushroom inoculants (F2). We successfully delivered technical assistances to convince rural community that mushroom cultivation is easy. The success story on Korong Kampung Bonai has attracted PNPM actors (FK, FT) and government officials to learn the making of mushroom as a source of income generating activity. Since the end of September 2012, farmer champions and government officials from the surrounding areas has been visited the demo-plot sites to learn the key secret behind the success of mushroom cultivation. This provided strong basis on the adoption of PNPM-Green smart practices to PNPM-Rural and other programs. 2.5.6. Mainstream green activities through ‘Lestari Desaku’ Magazine: We commit to publish ‘Lestari Desaku’ Magazine on regular basis (every two months) as a way to mainstream green activities and strengthen village governance. During the last three editions (April, September and October 2012), we printed for 3000 copies of each edition and distribute the hard copies at national and province level (as away to mainstream PNPMGreen at national level), pilot (sub) district and village level (as away to provide strong technical assistance at grass-root level). We also published the electronic copy of the magazine in the website and promoted on social media. This is the way to promote PNPMGreen on elegant fashion. 2.5.7. Supported PNPM-Green Exhibition on National Workshop and Talkshow of Green Rural for Prosperity. The exhibition was conducted in Twin Plaza Hotel, Jakarta on 4-5 December 2012 and attended by Head of BPMD of province and district level from Sumatera and Sulawesi Region, green facilitators, representatives of international NGOs, and donor agencies. On this exhibition we showed several products of PNPM Green smart parctices including the material of training and awareness: (a) Miniature of integrated headwater catchment areas management; (b) Miniature on straw and oyster mushroom cultivation; (c) Vegetative propagation of fruit trees; (d) Information, Education and Communication products: posters, Lestari Desaku Magazines, Green Nationalism (Book), banners on various 29


TTG (nursery establishment, vegetative propagation, catchment management, mushroom cultivation); (e) Traning manuals; (f) Income generating activities products: plastic garbage handicraft, VCO, honey bee etc. Our exhibition site had been attracted many workshop participants, they visited our site to discuss efforts to adopt PNPM-Green smart practices in their own areas.

Figure 2.23. PNPM-Green Exhibition during Green Rural Prosperity Workshop

2.5.8. Supported and Facilitated on Exhibition of Lebong District Anniversary (28 December – 6 January 2013). The exhibition was conducted in Bung Hatta football field in Lebong District on 28 December 2012 until 6 January 2013. This exhibition was participated by all of district agencies in Lebong District including BPMD. On this exhibition we promoted of some PNPM green smart parctice products (straw mushroom, seedlings), training and awareness materials (posters, Lestari Desaku Magazine, brochures), and also conducted environmental film screening. 2.5.9. Facilitated One Day Workshop on ‘Green Input on PNPM Rural PTO: The workshop was conducted in Botanical Square Building, Bogor (5 February 2013) to provide green inputs for the formulation of revised PNPM Rural PTO. The Workshop was attended representative of PMD, NMC Rural, RMC Rural, PSF, TSU, Consultant, and OWT. The green inputs were adopted by PSF as materials to enrich the improvement of PNPM Rural PTO. 2.5.10. Participated on Green exhibition on ‘Poverty Alleviation Academic Conference 2013’: We represented PNPM-Green to conduct exhibition during ‘Poverty Alleviation Academic Conference 2013’ organized by TNP2K-USAID m Grand Indonesia Kempinski Hotel, Jakarta (12 – 13 June 2013). We received a great appreciation from the conference participants as our exhibition materials are promoting sustainable green livelihoods from rural areas.

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Figure 2.24. One Day Workshop on Green Inputs on PNPM Rural PTO

Figure 2.25. OWT exhibition on ‘Poverty Alleviation Academic Conference 2013’

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Chapter III Challenges and Remedial Actions

3.1. The completion of 2011 PNPM-Green in Padang Pariaman, Agam and Lebong Districts have been far under schedule Until the end of June 2012, the completion of 2011’s PNPM-Green in Padang Pariaman, Agam and Lebong (especially for Padang Bano) Districts have been far under schedule. In fact, those are the latest compare to general completion at national level. The problem, as it is the last year of Pilot PNPM-Green, NMC raised target to complete all the PNPM-Green sub-project activities (either 2011and 2012) on 31 October 2012. The underlined reason of the very late completion, among others, was the absence of intensive supports and technical assistance from CSO. Remedial actions: We added fresh resources on the existing community facilitation to speed up PNPM-Green completion. 3.2. The high rate of state forest encroachment and destruction of watershed forestry forest in Lebong District As stated in the previous message, 60 % of Lebong District falls under state forest. The domination of steep terrain dictates most of the natural forest in the area had been defined as watershed protection forest (Hutan Lindung). Based on our rough survey about 20% of watershed protection forest have been encroached by local community living surrounding the forest. The underlined problems of the rapid encroachment: (a) unclear state forest boundaries; (b) lack of socialization of state forest boundaries; (c) high land pressure upon productive land. Remedial actions: We worked together with Lebong District Forestry Service to develop a reliable and communicative state forest area map and socialize the maps to local community. We introduced various types of site-specific agroforestry models to sustain the environmental service of watershed protection forest which had been used for agriculture areas. 3.3. Response to the abundance of rice farming harvesting waste Straw is abundance in agriculture areas which is dominated by paddy field (sawah), such as Padang Pariaman, Agam and Lebong Districts. About 40% of harvested biomass during rice harvesting is composed of straw. Rice straw has poor economic values. Some farmers collect straw for cow fodder (yellow fodder) but it is less palatable compared to green fodders. Many farmers burnt straw on the rice land to enhance soil fertility, this led to carbon emission. Similarly with rice husk, milling husked rice produces 50-65% unhusked rice, rice husk (20-30%), and bran flour (8-12%). If 1 ha sawah produces 4 tons of rice, the rice husk production is 800-1200 kg. Unfortunately, so far local communities have not made use the abundant rice husk as a new source of income generating activities. 32


Remedial actions: We stimulated local community to use straw as raw material for organic fertilizer and straw mushroom, while we facilitated farmers to make rise husk charcoal for growth media. 3.4.

Response to the decline of Arenga pi単ata (Aren) population Rapid and unchecked land cover changes had declined the population of Arenga pi単ata (Aren). In Agam District, most of natural Aren tress was converted into oil-palm plantation, while in Bengkulu Cacao plantation was mostly established at the expense of Aren plantation. Most of old Aren trees were established by natural succession process, the seeds were distributed by natural vectors (wild animal). The liquid of Aren flower is tapped for sugar; the demand is high while the supply is low due to lack of Aren trees, while man-made germination of Aren seeds often fail due to lack of community technical skills. Remedial actions: We facilitated the establishment of Aren Nursery planting demo-plot in Lebong Atas Sub-district. We germinated 20,000 seeds and 11,000 seeds were survived. We developed manual on Aren seed germination and cultivation.

Figure 3.1. Arenga pi単ata nursery demo-plot in Lebong Atas Sub-district, Lebong

3.5.

The need to sustain edible mushroom cultivation at village level The main problem of sustainable edible mushroom production at village level in Sumatra is the availability of F1 and F2 (mushroom inoculants) at local level. Before F2 was used to buy from Java, which takes time to transport, while the price of F2 and the transportation cost was until 30 % to 40% of the total production cost. Remedial actions: We facilitated local community to establish mini laboratory to develop mushroom inoculants.

33


3.6.

Alternative Media for Mushroom Growth Mushroom cultivators in Karawang use cotton waste as additional growth media in the straw rice compost to produce good quality mushroom. The problem, cotton waste was not available in West Sumatera. Before, this media was bought from Karawang, in which together with transport cost was about 14.000/kg. Remedial actions: We tested several local specific wastes to replace cotton waste, we found three materials to substitude cotton: (a) extracted of Arenga pinata stem; (c) carton waste, and (c) sugarcane residue.

3.7.

Viability of green sub-projects were heavily dependent on the availability of local resources The cases frequently occurred on tree planting sub-projects. For the sake of respecting local initiatives, GF was used to follow project beneficiaries’ proposals without giving assessment/argument/recommendation on the feasibility of sub-project implementation. For instance, local community need Rambutan planting materials for catchment areas rehabilitation, while the seedlings were not available at local level. The seedlings then brought from other areas, the long distance seedling transport had degraded its viability which led to the poor survival rate of the plated rambutan. Planting materials should ideally be developed by local community.

3.8.

The success of tree planting sub-projects were sensitive to season Tree planting on terrestrial ecosystem should be conducted during wet season. Local community and GF were aware of the issues; however for the sake of fulfilling physical project achievements, they forced to grow seedlings on the wrong season. Future improvement: To avoid the repeatd problems, we need a multi-year block-grant administrative disbursement

3.9.

The need to improve tree planting sub-projects implementation About 70% of green block-grant was spent for tree planting. Based on ‘problem-tree’ analysis developed by OWT (November 2011), we generally identified five problem roots, which impacted to the poor performance of tree planting sub projects: (a). Poor identification of proposed planting site; (b). Plantings are sporadically distributed into small land holders with unclear demarcation boundaries; (c). Seedlings/planting materials are bought from outside village; (d). Lack of facilitation and technical assistance on planting preparation and implementation; and; (e). Poor facilitation and technical assistance on maintenance. We need rethinking the suitability of planting proposals within PNPM-Green, there were so many source of moral hazard, such as: (a) the difference number between proposed planting materials with real planted planting materials; (b) the difficulty to check how large (the size area) they had really planted; (c) the high variation of planting materials price from site to site; (d) the low seedlings survival on enrichment planting.

34


Future Improvement: Planting sub-projects is only feasible if it is conducted in an open land which clearly known the exact size (m2). At the absence of clear planting areas, development of community based nursery may be more feasible than planting.

35


Chapter IV Conclusions and Outlook 4.1. Conclusions 4.1.1.We developed 14 types of IEC materials, ranges from training modules (25 titles), training manuals (8 titles), book (1 title), DVD film (11 titles), Posters (3 topics), Leaflets (8 titles), stickers (1 type), T-Shirts (1 model). We also published and distributed three editions of Lestari Desaku magazines. Total direct beneficiaries of the IEC are about 10,000 people. We conducted community training on the basis of ‘learning by doing’ principle. Trainings were not conducted in the class but directly doing the jobs on the field. During the course of the program in Sumatera (15 months), there were 774 male, 905 female and 150 youth have joined our environmental trainings at village and sub-district level. The level of women participation is 54 %. 4.1.2 We believed that sustainable environmental initiatives can only be achieved when enable to open new opportunities to local community livelihoods. NRM and RE initiatives will only be sustainable if they can enhance IGA or reduce household expenditure. Accordingly, we inspired and facilitated community to develop innovative green sub-projects which do not only benefit for environment but also supported sitespecific sustainable green livelihoods development. We developed 11 types of demoplots: (a) Biogas; (b) catchment area rehabilitation/tree planting; (c) village nursery; (d) organic fertilizer; (e) king oyster mushroom; (f) straw mushroom; (g) vegetative propagation; (h) plastic waste handicraft, (i) Mini laboratory of mushroom inoculants propagation, (j) Toona sureni seed source plantation; (k) Arenga piñata nursery. It is necessary to note that our demo-plots did not impact to block grant sub-project selection as our interventions were started after the uses of 2012 green block-grant were defined. 4.1.3. The main target groups of awareness rising activities were community at (sub) village level. It was conducted through: (a) FGD involving 10 – 15 KVC; (b) Installed posters at strategic sites; (c) distributed leaflet; (d) cross-visits to demo-plots; (e) film screening and interactive dialogs at sub-village level during the night using ‘My Darling’ (environmental awareness) car; (e) Working together with KVC and key development agents at village and (sub)-district level. During the course of the program, there were 1,176 male, 1,135 female and 773 youth have become direct beneficiaries of our environmental awareness program at village and sub-district level. The level of women participation is 49 %. 4.1.4. Considering the dominant of tree planting green sub-projects and the critical roles of tree planting maintenance, we put concerns on tree planting maintenances facilitation for year 2011 and 2012, they were composed of the following facilitations: (a) replanting about 2 months after planting; (b) facilitated the making of organic fertilizer (Bokashi) and its application; (c) facilitated regular (every two months) weeding and soil tillage surrounding the planted trees. Such event is organized in association with routine village voluntary working day.

36


4.1. Outlook 4.2.1. The expanded Roles of CSO: The roles of CSO developed from environmental training and awareness providers (as originally designed) to technical assistances and facilitation of project beneficiaries on preparation, implementation and maintenance of the green sub-projects. The last two tasks, by design, were the tasks of GF, however in most cases they were unable to tackle the jobs, due to capacity and time constrains. 4.2.2 The future roles of CSO on Green program: The most critical part of the green project is how to design site specific green activities which highly suitable with local specific needs. The ‘failure’ on defining local community needs on green activities had led to the dominance of tree planting sub-projects. In many cases, ‘planting trees seedlings’ had become ‘the easy, simple and logic reasons’ to use green block grant, while many other green activities were actually opened. Green sub-projects, in many cases have been simplified as tree planting. Green technical assistance were highly needed in this program, unfortunately many positions with ‘green’ and ‘environmental’ titles have poor capacity on green program. As a matter of fact the availability of ‘environmental specialist’ in the labour market was limited, while environment technical skill is not easily upgraded through short trainings. Given the conditions, green technical assistance may well-fit to be handled by CSOs, especially those who have a long track record on grass-root community empowerment in green activities. 4.2.3. Roles of CBOs: The ideas to involve local CSOs as the way to sustain green initiatives were frequently not confounded on the actual life. It is true that we need the strong roles of local champions/organizations to sustain green sub-projects. Are those local CSOs? Yes, if CSOs are respected by local community with proven long tract records. Many local CSOs have weak experience and ground basis. At the absence of proper local CSOs, the program can use local CBO, such as KVC, farmer group, forest farmer group, women groups etc. 4.2.4. Problems on Greening PNPM Rural: PNPM-Green as a window within PNPM-Rural is ideally well-integrated within PNPM-Rural house. The problem, PNPM-Green which aimed to support PNPM-Rural was considered as completely different program by PNPM-Rural. PNPM-Green was designed as a new program, rather than a sub-program under PNPM-Rural. PNPM-Green established their own National Management Consultant and facilitators but little efforts to synchronize their working relations, role and responsibilities among actors at centre level (Jakarta) down to grass root level. The failure to build a solid institutional arrangement at centre level had affected to the weak integration among projects actors at grass-root level.

37


Appendices

38


Appendix 1: Success Story A. ‘Sepakat’ Farmer Group initiated self-funded Korong Nursery in Nagari Sungai Sarik, VII Koto, Padang Pariaman, West Sumatra Korong Sungai Ibur is known as a center of brick production. There are two major soil types in this area, sandy soil in the upper and middle slopes, clay soil in the colluvial slope; the combination of both types of soil have made the good brick quality of the area. The problems, many sloping areas are cut to mine sandy soil, while the gentle and flat areas are dig-up to mine clay soil. As results, there are many cutting slopes and large holes in the area. People use the large holes for fish pond and sawah. This seems to be no problems, as the village is also well-known as fresh fish exporter to surrounding provinces (Riau and Jambi). The problem is the cutting sandy slope which is prone for landslide hazards. In response to the problem, 2011 PNPM-Green delivered block-grant to rehabilitate 8 ha of steep slope areas; part of the block-grant is also used for training on village nursery and planting technique in the sloping land. They bought tree seedlings from outside as by the time they have not had village nursery. The badly need to rehabilitate bare sloping areas in the Korong has stimulate Pak Kurnia, the head of ‘Sepakat’ farmer group to follow-up the training by establishing village nursery. The nursery was visited by Pak Tim Mac Hanson, Pak Soren, Pak Frans Harum, key village government and NRM Danida Training participants, OWT and WCS staff on July 4, 20127. The quality of nursery is good. Al the training participants were very impressed with self-initiated and funded village nursery. We have already provided intensive facilitation on the development of Korong Nursery and the maintenance of tree planting. B. Perdes to sustain ‘lights’ in the village, Air Pawuk Village, Padang Bano, Lebong, Bengkulu Many women and children had crying of happiness after seeing some lights during the dark evening. The existence of electricity (28 KW) in such isolated village is like a magic. All sub-village in Dusun 1 and Dusun 2 (71 households) have enjoyed lights, some can watch television. It took about 12 months struggle to make this happen. Every week, they worked together (gotong-royong) to build reservoir, water channels and turbine house. Their contribution was account to IDR 60 millions (Pak Taharin, Village Head; pers. comm.). Their incredible spirits was able to end the darkness of their village. Air Pawuk is a migrant village established in 1995, dominated by Javanese and mixed with indigenous ethnic. They rely on their livelihoods on rubber and coffee agroforestry, The village shares boundary with Hutan Lindung Gunung Gedang. One week after having MHP, Pak Tahirin asked OWT and Consultant assistance to facilitate the formulation of Village regulation (Perdes) to sustain the management use of the newly operated MHP. Since 12 June, they had started to formulate Perdes through regular meeting. The meeting held after evening pray in ‘Nurul Iman’ Mosque and conducted until late evening. The Perdes had been completed on 28 June. This is the first MHP Perdes in Bengkulu Province. The Perdes acknowledged that MHP will only be sustained 7

The nursery was also visited by PSF Implementation Support Team (22 June, 2012).

39


if local community is able to conserve Gunung Gedang Watershed Protection Forest which is cover the catchment areas of river flowing to Air Pawuk Village.

C. Straw mushroom cultivation enters Padang Pariaman and Agam Districts, West Sumatra (Beneficiary success story No. 3/2012) K. Padang Taboh and K. Kampung Bonai respectively received of 2011 block-grant to cultivate one unit straw mushroom, while N. Salareh Aia received 2012 block-grant to cultivate one unit straw mushroom. In Padang Pariaman, they have spent the first and the second block-grant fund disbursment to build Kumbung (mushroom house) and to conduct mushroom cultivation trial. Unfortunately, the trial failed and they were discourage to complete the project. The failures were also occured in many other PNPMGreen mushroom block-grant in West Sumatra Province. The situations have led PNPMGreen actors lost confident to complete the mushroom projects. The situation has challenged us to solve and complete the projects. After learning straw mushroom cultivation in Karawang and Yogyakarta during August 2012, we started to provide technical assistances on three units straw mushroom incubation houses (Kumbung) which have already been established. We improved some techniques and changed the unsuitable infrastructures for mushroom growth. Fortunately our facilitation was successful and led to project beneficiaries happy and enjoy the first harvesting on September 25, 2012. Total harvested mushroom on each Kumbung was 250 kg. The success story have been acknowledged by Green actors/stakeholderls, many PNPM actors and local NGOs then visited VI Lingkung to learn. They have learned the success story and asked us to support similar initiative there. In response to the success story, project beneficiaries of K. Padang Taboh and K. Kampung Bonai used the remaining fund (each IDR 19 millions) to build a new Kumbung.

D.

The management of PNPM-Green nurseries has been sustained by KBR Program (Beneficiary success story No. 4/2012) Continuous rehabilitation measures are required to eradicate critical lands as results of deforestation and land degradation. This effort will be achieved if supported by the availability of good quality of seedlings. So far, most of seedlings procurement was taken from outside villages and mostly have low quality. In addition, far-distance transportation had further declined tree seedlings viability. Establishment of on-site village nurseries are important as prerequisite of successful implementation of land rehabilitation measures. There are two Village Nurseries, i.e. first is located in Salareh Aia, Agam District and secondly located at Sungai Ibur, Padang Pariaman District. Those nurseries have been supported by skilful human resources as a results of our capacity building. After PNPM-Green, the productivity of both nurseries were enhanced as both nurseries were selected by District Forestry Agency as Community Village Nursery (KBR=Kebun Bibit Rakyat).

40


Appendix 2: TF-011930: Information, Education, and Communications (IEC) Materials Produced by OWT (2012-2013) Title (all are in Indonesians)

Status

Target group

Use of material

Date of production

No of copies

A. Training Modules 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19.

The concept of catchment area Principle of vegetative rehabilitation Mapping of catchment area boundary Develop catchment area spatial planning Vegetative rehabilitation and protection of spring water Generative propagation of tree species Evaluation of tree planting survival Maintenance of tree planting Agroforestry Mangrove Rehabilitation Vegetative propagation of tree species Making ‘Bokashi’ organic fertilizer GIS for Environmental Management Village Regulation and inter-village collaboration to protect catchment areas Making live-stock fodder from organic waste Participatory mapping to develop village Spatial Planning Generative and vegetative tree seedlings propagation Biogas Installation Coconut-Shell Charcoals Bricked

20. Making ‘Kascing’ organic fertilizer 21. Species selection for catchment area rehabilitation 22. Oyster mushroom cultivation 23. Straw mushroom cultivation

First edition First edition First edition First edition

GF (FKLl) GF (FKL, Astal) GF and Setrawan GF and Setrawan

T, TA, F T, TA, F T, TA, F T, TA, F

2 July 2012 15 July 2012 15 Sept 2012 15 Sept 2012

80 copies 60 copies 60 copies 100 copies

First edition

GF, Setrawan, KVC

T, TA, F

12 Oct 2012

80 copies

First version First version First version First version First version First version First version

GF, Setrawan, KVC GF, Setrawan, KVC GF, Setrawan, KVC GF, Setrawan, KVC GF, Setrawan, KVC GF, Setrawan, KVC GF, Setrawan, KVC

T, TA, F T, TA, F T, TA, F T, TA, F T, TA, F T, TA, F T, TA, F

16 Oct 2012 18 Nov 2012 18 Aug 2012 20 Jan 2013 15 Feb 2013 20 Feb 2013 15 Dec 2012 15 Jan 2013

100 copies 100 copies 80 copies 100 copies 90 copies 80 copies 60 copies

First version

GF, Setrawan, KVC

T, TA, F

10 Oct 2012

600 copies

First version

GF, Setrawan, KVC

T, TA, F

10 Oct 2012

100 copies

First version

GF, Setrawan, KVC

T, TA, F

14 Oct 2012

120 copies

GF, Setrawan, KVC

T, TA, F

17 Oct 2012

100 copies

GF, Setrawan, KVC GF, Setrawan, KVC

T, TA, F T, TA, F

10 Nov 2012 10 Oct 2012

100 copies 120 copies 80 copies

First version

GF, Setrawan, KVC

T, TA, F

18 Nov 2012

First edition

GF, Setrawan, KVC

T, TA, F

12 Dec 2012

80 copies

First version First version

GF, Setrawan, KVC GF, Setrawan, KVC

T, TA, F T, TA, F

3 Feb 2013 15 Feb 2013

80 copies 80 copies

Second version First version First version

41


B. Training Manuals (The final version of selected training modules) 1.Concept of protection and rehabilitation of catchment areas 2. Mapping catchment areas 3. Nursery Establishment and Seedlings Propagation Technique 4. Vegetative propagation of fruit trees 5. Agroforestry 6. Mangrove rehabilitation 7. Cultivation of straw and oyster mushroom 8. Making of Organic Fertilizer

Final version

GF, Setrawan, KVC

T, TA, F

20 Sep 2012

1000 copies

Final version

GF, Setrawan, KVC

T, TA, F

20 Sep 2012

1000 copies

Final version

GF, Setrawan, KVC

T, TA, F

20 Sep 2012

1000 copies

Final version Final version Final version Final version Final version

GF, Setrawan, KVC GF, Setrawan, KVC GF, Setrawan, KVC GF, Setrawan, KVC GF, Setrawan, KVC

T, TA, F T, TA, F T, TA, F T, TA, F T, TA, F

20 Sep 2012 20 Sep 2012 20 Sep 2012 20 Sep 2012 20 Sep 2012

1000 copies 1000 copies 1000 copies 1000 copies 1000 copies

A

20 Sep 2012

2000 copies

C. Book 1.Green Nationalism

Final version

Public

D. ‘Lestari Desaku’ Magazine 1. Oyster mushroom cultivation; good business and environmentally sound 2. Transforming waste into grace: Strategy to empower microorganism troop 3. Vegetative propagation of fruit trees; planting now, harvesting tomorrow

First Edition

Public

A, T, TA

April, 2012

3000 copies

First Edition

Public

A, T, TA

September, 2012

3000 copies

First Edition

Public

A, T, TA

October, 2012

3000 copies

E. DVD Film on Environmental Awareness 1. Home Biogas installation - tutorial film

Tutorial

GF, S, KVC,GO, CBOs, CSOs

T, TA, F, A

10 Oct 2012

150 copies

2. The making of Coco-shell Charcoal Bricked (CCB)

Tutorial

GF, S, KVC,GO, CBOs, CSOs

T, TA, F, A

20 Jun 2012

150 copies

Awareness

GF, S, KVC,GO, CBOs, CSOs

T, TA, F, A

16 Augt 2012

250 copies

Tutorial

GF, S, KVC,GO, CBOs, CSOs

T, TA, F, A

10 July 2012

10 copies

Tutorial

GF, S, KVC,GO, CBOs, CSOs

T, TA, F, A

2 Nov 2012

150 copies

Tutorial Awareness

GF, S, KVC,GO, CBOs, CSOs GF, S, KVC,GO, CBOs, CSOs

T, TA, F, A T, TA, F, A

10 Oct 2012 30 July 2012

100 copies 100 copies

3. The Guardian of Archipelago (Menjaga Pagar Nusantara). mangrove conservation – movie* 4. Separation of domestic waste 5. Vegetative and generative tree seedlings propagation 6. Biogas Installation 7. One Catchment One management

42


8. Micro-hydro power for People 9. Oyster Mushroom cultivation 10. Straw Mushroom cultivation 11. Manmade natural disaster 8

12. Film Compilation DVD-1 9 13. Film Compilation DVD-2a 10 14. Film Compilation DVD-2a 11 15. Film Compilation DVD-2a 24. Film Compilation : Catchment Areas 12 Management 25.Film Compilation: Smart Practices of PNPM13 Green

Awareness Tutorial

GF, S, KVC,GO, CBOs, CSOs GF, S, KVC,GO, CBOs, CSOs

T, TA, F, A T, TA, F, A

5 Mar 2012 28 Jan 2012

100 copies 100 copies

Tutorial

GF, S, KVC,GO, CBOs, CSOs

T, TA, F, A

21 Aug 2012

Awareness

GF, S, KVC,GO, CBOs, CSOs

T, TA, F, A

21 Jan 2012

Awareness Awareness Awareness Awareness

GF, S, KVC,GO, CBOs, CSOs GF, S, KVC,GO, CBOs, CSOs GF, S, KVC,GO, CBOs, CSOs GF, S, KVC,GO, CBOs, CSOs

T, TA, F, A T, TA, F, A T, TA, F, A T, TA, F, A

30 June 2012 30 June 2012 30 June 2012 30 June 2012

100 copies 1000 copies 1000 copies 1000 copies 1000 copies

Awareness

GF, S, KVC,GO, CBOs, CSOs

T, TA, F, A

21 June 2012

2000 copies

Awareness

GF, S, KVC,GO, CBOs, CSOs

T, TA, F, A

21 June2012

2000 copies

A

2 Mar 2012

2000 copies

100 copies

G. Posters 1. Protect watersheds as life supporting system from 8

Framed poster

Villagers, students district, sub-

DVD 1: (i) Best Practice Lambusango; (ii) Pelestarian Hutan Lambusango (Conservation of Lambusango Forest); (iii) Lambusango Surga Peneliti (Lambusango is the heaven of researchers);

9

DVD 2A: (i) Menjaga Pagar Nusantara (The Guardian Archipelago); (ii) Nentu Lestari (Nentu handicraft); (iii) Pak Made: Tokoh Pelestari Lingkungan (Pak Made: a Conservation Champion); (iv) Pak Lasamira; Tokoh Pelestari Lingkungan (Pak Lasamira: a Conservation Champion); (v) Laboratorium Bawah Laut di Jantung Karang Dunia (Underwater Laboratory in the Centre of Coral Triangle). 10

DVD 2B: (i) Pembuatan Arang Briket (The Making of Coconut shell charcoal Briquette/CCB); (ii) Instalasi Biogas (Biogas Installation); (iii) Lebah Madu (Honey Bee Culture); (iv) Persemaian dan Pembibitan (Tree seedling propagation).

11 DVD 3: (i) Karet Busa Raksasa Indonesia (The Giant Sponge of Indonesia); (ii) Mamasa Menanam (Mamasa Planting Campaigns); (iii) Micro Hydro Power (MHP) for People; (iv)

Rahabilitasi DAS (Catchment Area Rehabilitation). 12

DVD Film on Catchment Area Management: This DVD film is composed of six films: (i). Manmade natural disaster (Bencana Alam Buatan Manusia); (ii) One Catchment One Management (Satu DAS Satu Pengelolaan); (iii) Planting campaigns in Agam District (Agam Menanam); (iv) Giant Sponge of Indonesia (Karet Busa Raksasa Indonesia); (v) MHP for People and (vi) Nursery development (Persemaian dan Pembibitan). 13 DVD on PNPM-Green Smart Practices: This DVD is composed of five films: (i) Vegetative propagation technique (Teknik Pembibitan Vegetatif); (ii) PNPM-Green smart practices (Praktik Cerdas PNPM-Green); (iii) World Bank Supervision Mission in SE Sulawesi; (iv) Mushroom Cultivation (Budidaya Jamur); (v) The making of Kascing Fertilizer (Pupuk Kascing).

43


ridge to reef.

installed at strategic sites

2. Multiuses of biogas

Framed poster installed at strategic sites

3. Edible mushroom farming

Framed poster installed at strategic sites

district, and village goverment officials in Agam and Padang Pariaman (West Sumatera), Lebong (Bengkulu) Villagers, students district, subdistrict, and village goverment officials in Agam and Padang Pariaman (West Sumatera), Lebong (Bengkulu) Villagers, students district, subdistrict, and village goverment officials in Agam and Padang Pariaman (West Sumatera), Lebong (Bengkulu)

A

17 Augt 2012

2000 copies

A

Aug 2012

2000 copies

H. Ballyhoo 1. Garbage separation

Ballyhoos

PNPM-Green stakeholders and Villagers in Lebong District

Ballyhoos were installed at the capital of subdistrict

14 Feb 2013

3 units

A, T, TA

2012

2000 copies

A, T, TA

2012

4000 copies

A, T, TA

2012

4000 copies

A, T, TA

2012

4000 copies

A, T, TA

2012

4000 copies

A, T, TA

2012

4000 copies

I. Leaflets 1. Developing Village Nursery

Leaflets

2. Shoot cutting techniques

Leaflets

3.

Tree planting techniques

Leaflets

4.

Generative seedlings propagation

Leaflets

5.

The making of Bokashi

Leaflets

6.

The making of ‘Agar wood’ (Gaharu)

Leaflets

PNPM-Green Stakeholders, KVCs in Agam, Padang Pariaman and Lebong Districts PNPM-Green Stakeholders, KVCs in Agam, Padang Pariaman and Lebong Districts PNPM-Green Stakeholders, KVCs in Agam, Padang Pariaman and Lebong Districts PNPM-Green Stakeholders, KVCs in Agam, Padang Pariaman and Lebong Districts PNPM-Green Stakeholders, KVCs in Agam, Padang Pariaman and Lebong Districts PNPM-Green Stakeholders, KVCs in Agam, Padang Pariaman

44


7.

Permanent Biogas Installation

Leaflets

8.

The making of Charcoal Coconut shell briquette

Leaflets

9.

Selection of tree species for land rehabilitation

Leaflets

10. Tree Planting Techniques

Leaflets

and Lebong Districts PNPM-Green Stakeholders, KVCs in Agam, Padang Pariaman and Lebong Districts PNPM-Green Stakeholders, KVCs in Agam, Padang Pariaman and Lebong Districts PNPM-Green Stakeholders, KVCs in Agam, Padang Pariaman and Lebong Districts PNPM-Green Stakeholders, KVCs in Agam, Padang Pariaman and Lebong Districts

A, T, TA

2012

4000 copies

A, T, TA

2012

4000 copies

A, T, TA

2012

4000 copies

A, T, TA

2012

4000 copies

A

2012

20 sets

A

2012

20 sets

A

2012

20 sets

J. Banners 1. Keep the village green with energy saving stoves (Melestarikan Kehijauan Desa dengan Tungku Hemat Energi)

Promotion of Green smart practices

PNPM-Green Stakeholders, KVCs in Agam, Padang Pariaman and Lebong Districts

2. To maintain soil fertility using Bokashi (Menjaga Kesuburan Tanah dengan Bokashi)

Promotion of Green smart practices Promotion of Green smart practices

PNPM-Green Stakeholders, KVCs in Agam, Padang Pariaman and Lebong Districts PNPM-Green Stakeholders, KVCs in Agam, Padang Pariaman and Lebong Districts

3. Turning livestock dung into biogas (Meyulap Kotoran Menjadi Biogas)

L. Stickers 1. OWT: Empowering Community for Conservation 2. PNPM Green-OWT:Bersama Masyarakat Melestarikan Alam 3. PNPM-Green Awareness cars

Cutting Stickers

Rural community

A

2012

1000

Stickers

Rural community

A

2012

2000

Rural community

A

2012

3 cars

Car Stickers

Miniature Miniature on Catchment Protection and National National key stakeholders A Dec 2012 1500 Rehabilitation towards sustainable of rural energy Exhibition Remarks: GF (Green Facilitators/FKL, Astal, SPL), T: Training, A: Awareness rising; TA: Technical Assistances; F: Facilitation; KVC: Key village champions

45


Appendix 3.

Training for Community and PNPM Green Actors in Agam, Padang Pariaman (West Sumatera) and Lebong District (Bengkulu)

No. 1 2

Activity Training on making of organic fertilizer for local community Training for TP3

Level Village Village

4

Training on making of organic fertilizer for local community Training on making of coconut oil (Senggan)

5

Training on making of liquid organic fertilizer

Village

6

Training on making of organic fertilizer for local community

Village

3

7

Training on weaving of Pandanus sp

Village Village

Village

8

Training on seedlings propagation and nursery establishment

Village

9

Training on seedlings propagation and nursery establishment

Village

10

Training on making of organic fertilizer for local community

Village

Training on making of biogas installation 11 12 13

Village Training on establishment of biogas installation Training on seedlings propagation and

Village Village

District

Year/Date

Male

Female

Participants

Korong Buluah Kasok, Sungai Sarik, VII Koto-Padang Pariaman

03.07.2012

12

8

Korkab, Korcam, TPK, KPMD, FKL, local community TP3 members

Mudiak Palupuh, Agam

03.07.2012

6

4

Korong Sikumbang, Balah Aie, VII Koto-Padang Pariaman Korong Malai Tengah, Malai V Suku, Batang Gasan-Padang Pariaman Korong Toboh Sikumbang, VII Koto-Padang Pariaman

02.08.2012

13

36

02.08.2012

9

16

06.08.2012

16

25

Korong Toboh Mandailaing, Kecamatan VII Koto-Padang Pariaman Korong Balah Aie, Koto Tinggi, VII Koto-Padang Pariaman Korong Surau Labuh, Toboh Ketek, Enam Lingkung-Padang Pariaman Korong Sarang gagak, Pakandangan, Enam LingkungPadang Pariaman Korong Bungin, Lareh nan panjang, VII Koto-Padang Pariaman Korong Kampung Bendang, Sunagai Sarik, VII Koto-Padang Pariaman Gumarang, Kec. Palembayan_Agam Korong Sarang Gagak Kecamatan

07.08.2012

5

23

08.08.2012

3

15

10.08.2012

7

11

10.08.2012

11

19

PL, TPK, Korcam, FKL, local community

14.08.2012

16

12

PL, TPK, Korcam, FKL, local community

14.08.2012

20

9

15.08.2012

9

5

07.09.2012

6

21

Sub-village technicians, FKL, PL, Korcam, OWT biogas specialist Local comminity, FKL, Korcam, OWT specialist Local community, FKL, PL,

Korkab, Korcam, FKL, TPK, PL, local community FKL, TPK, PL, Korcam, local community PJOK, UPK, FKL, Korcam, PL, TPK, local community PL, Korcam, TPK, FKL, local community PL, Korcam, FKL, TPK, local community PL, TPK, Korcam, FKL, local community

46


plantation technique 14 15 16

Training on processing of Casia vera syrup Training on Catchment Management Training on the use of biogas-slurry for making of liquid organic fertilizer Training on straw mushroom cultivation

17

Enam Lingkung-Padang Pariaman Village Village Village

18

Village

19

Training on making of bio-bricket of coconut shell charcoal

Village

20

Training on making of bio-bricket of coconut shell charcoal

Village

22

Practical training on processing of straw decomposing for mushroom media growth Training on straw mushroom cultivation

Village Village

23

Training on making of organic fertilizer for local community

Village

24

Training on seedlings propagation and plantation technique

Village

25 26 27

Salimpaung, Kec. Malalak-Agam

08.09.2012

21

14

Gumarang 1, Kec. PalembayanAgam Salimpaung, Kec. Malalak-Agam

19.09.2012

10

10

20.09.2012

21

11

Korong Padang Toboh Kecamatan Enam Lingkung-Padang Pariaman

20.09.2012

23

22

Korong Kampung Bonai, kecamatan Enam Lingkung-Padang Pariaman

22.09.2012

Korong Toboh Mandahiling, kecamatan VII Koto-Padang Pariaman Korong Kampung Tangah, Kecamatan Batang Gasan-Padang Pariaman Korong Padang Toboh Kecamatan Enam Lingkung-Padang Pariaman Salareh Aia, Palembayan-Agam

24.09.2012

12

31

24.09.2012

7

23

PJO, FKL, Korcam, local community

25.09.2012

1

20

26.09.2012

2

27

Korong Kampung Surau, Kecamatan VII Koto-Padang Pariaman Korong Toboh, kecamatan VII Koto-Padang Pariaman

26.09.2012

6

17

Korcam, TPK, local community Local community, PL, TPK, OWT Korcam, FKL, PL, TPK, local community

28.09.2012

5

27

Korong Padang Toboh, Kecamatan Enam Lingkung-Padang Pariaman Kampung Gadung, Lebong UtaraLebong KP. Tanjung, Korong KP. Tangah

30.09.2012

5

18

10.10.2012

28

10

02.10.2012

4

20

Village

Training on straw mushroom cultivation

21

Korcam

Practical training on processing of straw decomposing for mushroom media growth Training on vegetative propagation of rubber tree seedlings for farmers Training on “Bio-bricket Making � in

Village Village

14

15

Local comminity, FKL, Korcam, OWT specialist Local comminity, FKL, Korcam, OWT specialist Local comminity, FKL, Korcam, OWT specialist Camat, PJOK, setrawan, SPL, Astal, FKL, TPK, PL, wali jorong, OWT coordinator, Korcam, local community PJOK, setrawan, Astal, TPK, PL, wali jorong, OWT coordinator, korcam, local community PJO, FKL, Korcam, local community

OWT Coordinator, Korcam, FKL, PL, TPK, local community Korcam, TPK, local community TP3, FKL, Korcam, farmer group Project beneficiaries, Wali

47


28

29

30

31

32

33

34

35

36 37 38 39 40

Batang Gasan Sub-district, Padang Pariaman Training on “Bio-bricket Making ” in Batang Gasan Sub-district, Padang Pariaman Training on “Bio-bricket Making ” in Batang Gasan Sub-district, Padang Pariaman Training on “Rice Husk Charcoal Making” in VII Koto Sub-district, Padang Pariaman Training on Management of Coconut Processing and Business in Batang Gasan Sub-district, Padang Pariaman Training on Management of Banana Chips Business in Batang Gasan Subdistrict, Padang Pariaman Training on Management of Cassava Chips Business in Batang Gasan Subdistrict, Padang Pariaman Training on Processing and Production of Bio-Organic Fertilizer in Malalak Subdistrict, Agam Training on Grafting Propagation of Rubber Trees for farmer group in Lebong Utara Sub-district, Lebong Training on making of compost and garbage bricket in Lebong Utara Subdistrict, Lebong Training on Cultivation Technique of Straw Mushroom Training of The Use of Organic Weste for Bokashi Making and Bio Charcoal Training on Cultivation Technique of Straw Mushroom Training of The Use of Organic Weste for Bokashi Making and Briquette

Village

Nagari Malai V Suku,Kec. Batang Gasan ,Kab. Padang Pariaman Kantor Wali Korong , Korong Malai Tangah, Nagari Malai V Suku Korong Padang Jajaran, kec. Batang Gasan Korong Padang Ampalu Kecamatan VII Koto

20.10.2012

5

15

Village

Project beneficiaries, Wali Jorong, KPMD, PL

KP. Tarandam, korong Malai Tangah, nagari Malai V Suku, kec. Batang Gasan, kab. Padang Pariaman Tanjung, korong Tanjung, nagari Gasan Gadang, kec. Batang Gasan, Kab. Padang Pariaman Mandahiling, korong Mandahiling, nagari Gasan Gadang, kec. Batang Gasan, kab Padang Pariaman Jorong Toboh – Malalak, Agam

0417.12.2012

7

32

Project beneficiaries, Wali Jorong, KPMD, PL

18.12.2012

5

21

Project beneficiaries, Wali Jorong, KPMD, PL

19.12.2012

6

19

Project beneficiaries, Wali Jorong, KPMD, PL

19.11.2012 s/d 24.11.2012 10.11.2012 s/d 11.11.2012 21.11.2012

19

23

Project beneficiaries, Wali Jorong, KPMD, PL

30

5

FKL, TP3, farmer group members, key village actors

10

4

FKL, TP3, UPK, PL Lebong Utara, OWT

16-22.12. 2012 4-5 Mar 2013 11-30 Mar 2013 11.05.2013

10

2

3

27

Farmer group members, PL, KPMD Farmer group and UPK

3

9

Farmer group

8

2

Farmer group

Village

Village

Village

Village

Village

Desa Kampung Gandum kec Lebong Utara, Lebong Desa Ladang Palembang, Lebong

Jorong, KPMD, PL 03.10.2012 s/d 05.10.2012 06.10.2012

8

19

Project beneficiaries, Wali Jorong, KPMD, PL

8

14

Project beneficiaries, Wali Jorong, KPMD, PL

Village Village Village Village Village

Talang Ulu Village, Lebong Utara Sub-district Atas Tebing Village, Lebong Atas Sub-district, Lebong Lebong Tambang Village, Lebon Atas Sub-district, Lebong Air Pawuk, Padang Bano Subdistrict, Lebong

48


Charcoal 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49

Training for TPK (Tim Pelaksana Kegiatan) Training for TPK (Tim Pelaksana Kegiatan) Training on establishment of biogas installation for village technicians Training for TPK (Tim Pelaksana Kegiatan) Training for TPK (Tim Pelaksana Kegiatan) Training for TPK (Tim Pelaksana Kegiatan) Training for KPMD Training for KPMD Training for TP3

55

Training for TP3 in Batang Gasan Subdistrict Pelatihan kader, TPK, TP3 dan Wali Korong Pelatihan Berkelompok, VII Koto Training for KPMD of NPM Green Post Project in Palembayan Sub-District, Agam Training for TPK in Enam Lingkung SubDistrict Training for KPMD in VII Koto Subdistrict

56

Training for TP3 in Padang Bano Subdistrict, Lebong

50 51 52 53 54

57

Training for TP3 in Lebong Utara Subdistrict

Sub-district Sub-district Sub-district Sub-district Sub-district Sub-district Sub-district Sub-district Sub-district Sub-district Sub-district Sub-district Sub-district Sub-district Sub-district

Kantor UPK Batang Gasan

19.07.2012

17

7

Meeting House Pasa Pakandangan, Kecamatan Enam Lingkung Kecamatan VII Koto

14.09.2012

10

16

29-09-2012

15

-

Village technicians

Kecamatan Palupuh

03.07.2012

12

9

TPK, FKL

Kecamatan Palembayan

05.07.2012

14

9

TPK, FKL

Kecamatan Malalak

06.07.2012

10

8

TPK, FKL

Kec. Lebong Utara

17.07.2012

20

5

Kec. Padang Bano

24.07.2012

15

4

Kec. Padang Bano

14.08.2012

7

4

Pondok indah Pariaman, kab. Padang Pariaman Pondok indah, kota Pariaman

04.12.2012

8

15

Korkab, ASTAL, FKL, PL, BKD, KPMD Korkab, korcam, FKL, Sakel tehnik, UPK, KPMD Korkab, ASTAL, FKL, TP3, Korcam, TP3 team

06.12.2012

31

10

TP3 team

Pondok Indah, kota Pariaman Parai Resort Hotel – Bukittinggi, Palembayan

07.12.2012 21.11.2012 s/d 24.11.2012 18.10.2012

31 45

11 9

TP3 team KPMD, PL, and UPK

10

14

10

38

UPK Kec. Padang Bano

11.12.2012 s/d 12.12.2012 28.11.2012

Camat, PJO, UPK, Korkab, FKL KPMD

UPK Lebong Utara

06.12.2012

Pantai Tiram Ulakan Padang Pariaman RM Pauh, kec. Pariaman, kab. Padang Pariaman

11

23

Sub-district Sub-district

15

16

Korkab, korcam Astal, UPK, PL and TPK, TP3, FKL, Korcam, PL

TP3 dari 5 desa, Satker kab, FKL, ASTAL, PL, UPK P.Bano, Sataf OWT TP3 4 Desa Kec. Lebong Utara, FKL, OWT, UPK,

49


58 59 60 61 62

63

64

65

66 67

68

69 70

Training on formulation of legal drafting in Lebong Atas Sub-district Training for TP3 in Lebong Atas Subdistrict Training on Legal Drafting on MHP management in Padang Bano Sub-district, Lebong Training of The Use of Organic Weste for Bokashi Making Training on Garbage Management and Handicraft of plastic Waste

11.12.2012

16

3

UPK Lebong Atas

12.12.2012

16

10

Balai Desa Padang Bano. Lebong

26.11.2012 s/d 27.11.2012 14-15 May 2013 27-28 May 2013

23

4

17

13

Farmer Group

7

17

Farmer group, UPK, FT

Sub-district Sub-district Sub-district Sub-district Sub-district

Satker Kab. ASTAL, FKL, UPK, Perangkat desa dr 5 desa Lebong Atas ASTAL, FKL, UPK dan TP3 dari 5 desa Kades, Sekdes, BPD 5 desa Kec. Padang Bano

UPK Lebong Atas

Lebong Atas, Lebong Lebong Utara, Lebong

Training on NRM for moslem and customary leaders

District

Padang Pariaman

03.08.2012

39

7

Training on NRM for moslem and customary leaders

District

Agam

14.08.2012

42

1

Training and facilitation on formulation of Village Regulation on Operationing of MHP in Agam District

District

Agam

20-4 Nov 2012

90

7

Training on Propagation Technique of Musroom Inoculant Training on Propagation Technique of Musroom Inoculant

District

Agam and Padang Pariaman

20 Feb 2013

6

1

District

Lebong

3 March 2013

4

2

Kementrian Agama, PJO Kab, PJOK, FKL, Astal, Korkab, Korcam, participants Kementrian Agama, PJO Kab, PJOK, FKL, Astal, Korkab, Korcam, participants Wali Nagari, Bamus, BKAN, Pokmas, KVCs, Camat, PJOKec, TP3, Wali Jorong Local cadre from Agam and Padang Pariaman Local cadre from Lebong

Training on NRM for green facilitators and Setrawan in West Sumatera, funded by DANIDA Field practical exercise of DANIDA training participants

Province

West Sumatera

02.07.2012

20

7

FKL, Setrawan

Province

West Sumatera

04.07.2012

92

94

Training on NRM for Green facilitators and setrawan in Bengkulu, funded by

Province

Bengkulu

02.07.2012

18

4

FKL, Astal, SPL, Setrawan, PJOK, CSO, Danida, local community FKL, Setrawan, PJOK,

50


71

72 73

DANIDA Training on “The role of microorganism� for Facilitators and Stakeholders during PNPM-Green West Sumatra Province Coordination Meeting Training on Gender Awareness for Green Facilitators in Agam and Padang Pariaman District Training of MHP TP3 (Maintenance Team) Training on Village Regulation of MHP and Pico Hydro

Province

West Sumatera

31.08.2012

66

12

PJO Prov, PJO Kab. Camat, SPL, Astal, FKL, CSO

Province

West Sumatera

12-14 Nov 2012

18

6

Province

West Sumatera

70

6

Province

Parai Resort Hotel - Bukittinggi

1239 45

9

OWT staffs and Green Facilitators from Agam and Padang Pariaman District Maintenance team members of ten Nagaris Wali Nagari, Bamus, BKAN, KVCs, village head, Camat, PJOK, TPK, Wali Jorong

1284

1062

30 Oct 10 Nov 2012 20.11.2012 s/d 23.11.2012 Total

51


Appendix 4. Community Awareness in West Sumatera and Bengkulu No

Title of Awareness

Location

Date

1

Environmental film screening in the sub-village

Village Level Korong Koto Muaro, Sub-district of Batang Gasan, District of Padang Pariaman

2

Environmental film screening in the sub-village

Korong Toboh Mandahiling, Sub-district of Enam Lingkung, District of Padang Pariaman

10.10.2012

3

Environmental film screening in the sub-village

Labuah, Sub-district of Enam Lingkung, District of Padang Pariaman

12.10.2012

4

Environmental film screening in the sub-village

Korong Padang Toboh, Sub-district of Enam Lingkung, District of Padang Pariaman

22.10.2012

5

Environmental film screening in the sub-village

Padang Ampalu, Sub-district of VII Koto, District of Padang Pariaman

23.10.2012

6

Environmental film screening in the sub-village

Korong Padang Lasano, Sub-district of Batang Gasan, kab Padang Pariaman

24.10.2012

7

Environmental film screening in the sub-village

24.10.2012

8

Environmental film screening in the sub-village

9

Environmental film screening in the sub-village

PDG Lasano, korong Mandahiling, nagari Gasan Gadang, Sub-district of Batang Gasan, District of Padang Pariaman UJG Tanah, korong Malai Tangah, nagari Malai V Suku, Sub-district of Batang Gasan, District of Padang Pariaman Ringan – Ringan, Sub-district of Enam Lingkung, District of Padang Pariaman

10

Environmental film screening in the sub-village

Piliang, Sub-district of Batang Gasan, District of Padang Pariaman

08.12.2012

11

Environmental film screening in the sub-village

Toboh, Sub-district of VII Koto, District of Padang Padang Pariaman

09.12.2012

09.10.2012

29.10.2012

07.11.2012

Participants

Local community, PJOK Subdistrict of, Korkab, Korcam, FK-L, PL UPK and Setrawan Local community, PJOK Subdistrict of, Korkab, Korcam, FK-L, PL UPK and Setrawan Local community, PJOK Subdistrict of, Korkab, Korcam, FK-L, PL UPK and Setrawan Local community, PJOK Subdistrict of, Korkab, Korcam, FK-L, PL UPK and Setrawan Local community, PJOK Subdistrict of, Korkab, Korcam, FK-L, PL UPK and Setrawan Local community, PJOK Subdistrict of, Korkab, Korcam, FK-L, PL UPK and Setrawan Local community, PJOK Subdistrict of, Korkab, Korcam, FK-L, PL UPK and Setrawan Local community, PJOK Subdistrict of, Korkab, Korcam, FK-L, PL UPK and Setrawan Local community, PJOK Subdistrict of, Korkab, Korcam, FK-L, PL UPK and Setrawan Local community, PJOK Subdistrict of, Korkab, Korcam, FK-L, PL UPK and Setrawan Local community, PJOK Subdistrict of, Korkab, Korcam, FK-L,

Number of Participant Male Famale 52

57

36

24

25

18

38

33

42

39

44

31

47

38

52

57

38

33

43

36

19

17

52


12

Environmental film screening in the sub-village Environmental film screening in the sub-village Environmental film screening in the sub-village

Bamban, Sub-district of Palembayan, kab Agam

16.10.2012

Kuran-kuran, Sub-district of Palupuh, District of Agam

17.10.2012

14

Environmental film screening in the sub-village

Toboh, Sub-district of Malalak, District of Agam

18.10.2012

15

Environmental film screening in the sub-village

Sungai Baluka, Sub-district of Palupuh, District of Agam

30.10.2012

16

Environmental film screening in the sub-village

Marambuang, Sub-district of Palembayan, District of Agam

31.10.2012

17

Environmental film screening in the sub-village

Nyiur, Sub-district of Malalak, District of Agam

01.11.2012

18

Environmental film screening in the sub-village

Sigiran, Sub-district of Malalak, District of Agam

14.11.2012

19

Environmental film screening in the sub-village

Sipisang, Sub-district of Palupuh, District of Agam

20.11.2012

20

Environmental film screening in the sub-village

Tabuah – Tabuah, Sub-district of Palupuh, District of Agam

21.11.2012

21

Environmental film screening in the sub-village

Kayu Pasak, Sub-district of Palembayan, District of Agam

23.11.2012

22

Environmental film screening in the sub-village

Jalan Bantiang Selatan, Sub-district of Malalak, District of Agam

27.11.2012

23

Environmental film screening in the sub-village

Balai Desa Kampung Gandum, Sub-district of Lebong Utara

10.10.2012

13

PL UPK and Setrawan Local community, Korkab, Korcam, FK-L, PL UPK, village goverment officials Local community, Korkab, Korcam, FK-L, PL UPK, village goverment officials Local community, Korkab, Korcam, FK-L, PL UPK, village goverment officials Local community, Korkab, Korcam, FK-L, PL UPK, village goverment officials Local community, Korkab, Korcam, FK-L, PL UPK, village goverment officials Local community, Korkab, Korcam, FK-L, PL UPK, village goverment officials Local community, Korkab, Korcam, FK-L, PL UPK, village goverment officials Local community, Korkab, Korcam, FK-L, PL UPK, village goverment officials Local community, Korkab, Korcam, FK-L, PL UPK, village goverment officials Local community, Korkab, Korcam, FK-L, PL UPK, village goverment officials Local community, Korkab, Korcam, FK-L, PL UPK, village goverment officials Local community, Korkab, Korcam, FK-L, PL UPK, village goverment officials

21

17

55

41

27

13

36

38

27

29

14

17

16

23

29

48

11

27

31

35

26

13

20

25

53


24

Environmental film screening in the sub-village

1

Environmental film screening in the schools Environmental film screening in the schools

2

3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Environmental film screening in the schools Environmental film screening in the schools Environmental film screening in the schools Environmental film screening in the schools Environmental film screening in the schools Environmental film screening in the schools Environmental film screening in the schools Environmental film screening in the schools Environmental film screening in the schools

Lebong Tambang Village, Lebong Atas Sub-district School Level SMPN 2 Enam Lingkung, Sub-district of Enam Lingkung, District of Padang Pariaman SMP 01 Batang Gasan, korong Malai Tangah, nagari Malai V Suku, Sub-district of Batang Gasan, District of Padang Pariaman SMPN 1 VII Koto, Sub-district of VII Koto, District of Padang Pariaman SMPN 1 Enam Lingkung, Sub-district of Enam Lingkung, District of Padang Pariaman SMPN 4 Palupuh, Sub-district of Palupuh, District of Agam SMPN 4 Palembayan, Sub-district of Palembayan, District of Agam SMPN 1 Malalak, Sub-district of Malalak, District of Agam SMPN 2 Palupuh, Sub-district of Palupuh, District of Agam SMPN 2 Palembayan, Sub-district of Palembayan, District of Agam SD desa A. Pawuk, Sub-district of Padang Bano SD impress Trans Ds. Ladang Palembang

20.02.2013

Local communtiy, Korcam, PL, UPK

50

30

13.10.2012

Students and teachers

40

50

45

35

23.10.2012 Students and teachers 06.11.2012

Students and teachers

42

43

07.11.2012

Students and teachers

25

35

04.10.2012

Students and teachers

40

50

03.11.2012

Students and teachers

44

46

14.11.2012

Students and teachers

29

31

17.11.2012

Students and teachers

22

18

24.12.2012

Students and teachers

60

63

06.10.2012

Students and teachers

15

11

17.10.2012

Students and teachers

15

15

Total

54


Appendix 5. List of Facilitations and Technical Assistances No

Topic of Meeting

1

Field study of TP3 MHP participants of Lebong District Pamaran HUT Kab Lebong ke 9

Desa Air Pawuk Kec. Padang Bano

1

Facilitation of MDST

2

MDST of PLTS

3

Facilitation of MDST

4

MPJ

5

Field monitoring

6

Facilitation of MDST

Korong Bungin, kec. VII Koto, kab. Padang Pariaman Kantor Wali Korong, korong Malai tangah, nagari Malai V suku, kec. Batang Gasan, kab. Padang Pariaman Korong Ambung Kapur, kec. VII Koto, kab. Padang Pariaman Bukik Batuang, korong Barang-barangan, nagari Malai V suku, kec. Batang Gasan, kab. Padang Pariaman Ujung Labung, korong Ujung Labung, nagari Malai V suku, kec. Batang Gasan, kab. Padang Pariaman KP. Tajung, korong KP. Tangah, nagari

2

Location

Lapangan Hatta Lebong

Date

Participants

District Level 08.12.2012 PJO kab, Astal, TSU, SP PLTMH, Kecamatan, Peseta pelatihan TP3 PLTMH se-Bkl 28.12.2012 OWT, BPMD PP dan KB, UPK s/d 06.01.2013 Sub-district Level

Number of Participant Male Famale 40

24

35

26

Village Level 21.09.2012 Beneficiaries, PL, Korcam, goverment officials, KVCs, FKL, TPK

25

6

05.10.2012

Beneficiaries, PL, Korcam, goverment officials, KVCs, FKL, TPK

11

21

06.10.2012

Beneficiaries, PL, Korcam, goverment officials, KVCs, FKL, TPK

13

14

08.10.2012

Beneficiaries, PL, Korcam, goverment officials, KVCs, FKL, TPK

12

8

09.10.2012

Beneficiaries, PL, Korcam, goverment officials, KVCs, FKL, TPK

5

2

10.10.2012

Beneficiaries, PL, Korcam, goverment officials, KVCs, FKL, TPK

11

22

55


7

Facilitation of MDST

8

Musyawarah Pertanggung jawaban 40%

9

Field monitoring

10

Field monitoring nursery of Sikilir

11

Decomposition of straw

12

Field monitoring

13

Facilitation of MDST

14

Field monitoring

15

MDST

16

Facilitation of MDST

Malai V suku, kec. Batang Gasan, kab. Padang Pariaman Korong Sikilir, nagari Lurah Ampalu, kec. VII Koto, keb. Padang Pariaman Korong Padang Ampalu, kec. Enam Lingkung, kab. Padang Pariaman Korong Toboh, kec. VII Koto, kab. Padang Pariaman Korong Sikilir kec. VII Koto, kab. Padang Pariaman Korong kampung Bonai, kec. VI Lingkung, kab. Padang Pariaman Korong Padang Ampalu, kec. VII Koto, kab. Padang Pariaman Korong Toboh Mandahiling, kec. VI Lingkung, kab. Padang Pariaman Korong Padang Ampalu, kec. VII Koto, kab. Padang Pariaman Korong Simpang, nagari Lurah Ampalu, kec. VII Koto, kab Padang Pariaman Korong Padang Ampalu, nagari Lareh Nan Panjang, kec. VII

10.10.2012

Beneficiaries, PL, Korcam, goverment officials, KVCs, FKL, TPK

15

30

15.10.2010

Beneficiaries, PL, Korcam, goverment officials, KVCs, FKL, TPK

22

8

17.10.2012

Beneficiaries, PL, Korcam, goverment officials, FKL, TPK

3

4

17.10.2012

Beneficiaries, PL, Korcam, goverment officials, KVCs, FKL, TPK

5

9

17.10.2012

Beneficiaries, PL, Korcam, FKL, TPK

5

6

17.10.2012

Beneficiaries, PL, Korcam, FKL, TPK

5

12

19.10.2012

Beneficiaries, PL, Korcam, goverment officials, KVCs, FKL, TPK

19

21

20.10.2012

Beneficiaries, PL, Korcam, FKL, TPK

5

15

12.11.2012

Beneficiaries, PL, Korcam, goverment officials, KVCs, FKL, TPK

23

35

18.11.2012

Beneficiaries, PL, Korcam, goverment officials, KVCs, FKL, TPK

24

26

56


17

Facilitation of MDST

18

Facilitation of MDST

19

Pendampingan Lanjutan Pengolahan Pupuk Organik Jorong Toboh Malalak

20

Field monitoring

21

MDST PNPM Green, Year 2011

22

Facilitation of MDST

23

Kunjungan ke lapangan

24

Fasilitasi Musyawarah Desa SerahTerima (MDST)

Koto, kab. Padang Pariaman Kampung Bonai, nagari Paritmalintang, kec. Enam Lingkung, kab. Padang Pariaman Korong Tanjung Beringin, nagari Toboh Ketek, kec. Enam lingkung, kab. Padang Pariaman Jorong Toboh Malalak

KP. Tangah, korong KP. Tangah, nagari Malai V Suku, kec. Batang Gasan, kab. Padang Pariaman Laga Laga duku banyak, nagari Balah Aie, kec. VII Koto, kab. PadangPariaman Korong Bayur, nagari Paritmalintang, kec. Enam Lingkung, kab. Padang Pariaman KP Tangah, korong Piliang, nagari Gasan Gadang, kec. Batang Gasan, kab. Padang Pariaman Korong Pasa Balai dan Tj Beringin, nagari Paritmalintang dan Toboh Ketek, kec.

22.11.2012

Beneficiaries, PL, Korcam, goverment officials, KVCs, FKL, TPK

2

17

23.11.2012

Beneficiaries, PL, Korcam, goverment officials, KVCs, FKL, TPK

4

21

28.11.2012

Farmer group

9

18

01.12.2012

Beneficiaries, PL, Korcam, goverment officials, KVCs, FKL, TPK

3

9

01.12.2012

Beneficiaries, PL, Korcam, goverment officials, KVCs, FKL, TPK

5

28

03.12.2012

Beneficiaries, PL, Korcam, goverment officials, KVCs, FKL, TPK

5

21

03.12.2012

Beneficiaries, PL, Korcam, goverment officials, KVCs, FKL, TPK

4

3

05.12.2012

Beneficiaries, PL, Korcam, goverment officials, KVCs, FKL, TPK

4

20

57


25

Field monitoring

26

MKST

27

Visiting of SMK Duafa Padang

28

MDST kegiatan PNPM LMP Tahun 2011

29

MKST

30

MPK (Musyawarah Prioritas Korong )

31

MJST Jorong Data Munti Plantation

32

MJST Jorong Palembayan Tangah, Making of chicken and Fish Feed

Enam Lingkung, kab. Padang Pariaman Korong KP. Bendang, nagari Sungai Sarik, kec. VII Koto, kab. Padang Pariaman Mesjid Nurul Hudha, korong Piliang, nagari Gasan Gadang, kec. Batang Gasan, kab. Padang Pariaman Demplot jamur merang owt, nagari Enam Lingkung, kec. Enam Lingkung, Padang Pariaman Laga Laga Padang Ampalu, nagari Lareh nan Panjang, kec. VII Koto, kab. Padang Pariaman Koto Muaro, korong Koto Muaro, nagarai Gasan Gadang, kec. Batang Gasan, kab. Padang Pariaman PD. Kabau, korong Barang-Barangan, nagari Malai V Suku, kec. Batang Gasan, kab. Padang Pariaman Jorong Data Munti, kec. Palembayan, kab Agam Jorong Palembayan Tangah, kec Palembayan, kab Agam

05.12.2012

Beneficiaries, PL, Korcam, goverment officials, KVCs, FKL, TPK

5

4

08.12.2012

Beneficiaries, PL, Korcam, goverment officials, KVCs, FKL, TPK

22

7

10.12.2012

Students, teacher, PL, Korcam

13

17

11.12.2012

Beneficiaries, PL, Korcam, goverment officials, KVCs, FKL, TPK

14.12.2012

Beneficiaries, PL, Korcam, goverment officials, KVCs, FKL, TPK

21

9

15.12.2012

Beneficiaries, PL, Korcam, goverment officials, KVCs, FKL, TPK

31

24

06.11.2012

Beneficiaries, PL, Korcam, goverment officials, KVCs, FKL, TPK, UPK

11

26

08.11.2012

Beneficiaries, PL, Korcam, goverment officials, KVCs, FKL, TPK, UPK

13

19

58


Appendix 6. Demo-pilots in West Sumatera and Bengkulu No 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21

Demo-plot Name Biogas capasity 5 m3 Biogas, capacity 2 m3 Village nursery Arenga and Tree Nursery Rubber and Tree Nursery Straw mushroom cultivation Oyster mushroom cultivation Plastic waste handicraft Mini Laboratory of mushroom inoculant propagation Mini Laboratory of mushroom inoculant propagation Organic Fertilizer Jamur Jamur Kompos Pembuatan kompos Jamur Salareh Tree Nursery Trre nursery Agroforestry Suren Seed Source Plantation Tree planting

Village Paingan Air Pawuk Salareh Aia Tabablao Air Padang Toboh Sipinang Lebong Tambang Padang Toboh Lareh Nan Panjang Nyiur Lebong Tambang Talang Ulu Air Pawuk Suka Kayu Salareh Pagadaih Bamban Tapuih, Salareh Aia Pagadih Kelok Aneh, Salareh Aia

Sub-district Sungai Limau Padang Bano Palembayan Lebong Atas

District Padang Pariaman Lebong Agam Lebong

Year 2012 2012 2012 2012

Beneficiary villagers villager Farmer group Farmer group

Enam Lingkung Palembayan Lebong Utara Enam Lingkung VII Koto Malalak Lebong Utara Lebong Utara

Padang Pariaman Agam

2012 2012 2013 2013 2013 2012

Farmer group Farmer group

Padang Pariaman Padang Pariaman Agam

Lebong Atas Palupuh Palembayan Palembayan Palupuh Palembayan

Local caders Local caders Farmer group

2013 Agam Agam Agam Agam Agam

2012 2012 2012 2012 2012

Farmer group Villagers villagers

59


Appendix 7: List of Village Biogas Technician Cadres No 1

2

District Agam

Padang Pariaman

Location Sub-district Palembayan

Village Salareh aia

Malalak

Gumarang Sungai Taleh Malalak Utara

Enam Lingkung

Parit Malintang

Batang Gasan

Gasan Gadang

Sungai Limau

Sungai Limau

Tujuh Koto

Belah Air

Sungai Sariak

Name of Technician Cadres 1. Heri 2. Pen Rizal 3. Richi Prameli 1. Im 1. Tengku 1. Junaidi 2. Iyek 3. Andamel 4. Muncak 1. Ali 2. David 3. Ahmad 1. Herman 2. Mayunis 3. Usman 1. Ferry 2. Jhon 1. Masril 2. Musa 3. Ujang 1. Ko Jang 2. Ismail

60


Appendix 8. List of local cadres with their expertises No Name Agam District 1 Pendrizal

2

Tanjung

3

Hery

4

Firdaus

5 6

Ahmad Sartoni Erijon

7

Andamel

8

History Endri

Address

Expertise

Kayu Pasak, Nagari Salareh Aia, Seedlings propagation and Kec. Palembayan nursery establishment, biogas, oragnic fertilizer, straw and oyster mushroom cultivation Sikabau, Nagari Salareh Aia, Seedlings propagation and Kec. Palembayan nursery establishment Kayu Pasak, Nagari Salareh Aia, Seedlings propagation and Kec. Palembayan nursery establishment, Biogas Padang Koto Gadang, Salareh Seedlings propagation and Aia, Kec. Palembayan nursery establishment Kecamatan Palupuh, Kab. Agam Organic fertilizer Nagari Pagadih, Kec. Palupuh Seedlings propagation and nursery establishment Nagari Malalak Utara, Seedlings propagation and Kecamatan Malalak nursery establishment, Biogas, Organic fertilizer Nagari Sipinang, Kecamatan Oyster mushroom cultivation Palembayan Kab. Agam

Padang Pariaman District 1 Richie Prameli Nagari Lareh Nan Panjang, VII Seedlings propagation and Koto nursery establishment, biogas, oragnic fertilizer, straw and oyster mushroom cultivation, mushroom inoculant propagation 2 Linda Astuti Kp Bonai Nagari Parit Malintang, Straw and oyster mushroom Enam Lingkung cultivation 3 Marwis Padang Toboh, Kec. Enam Straw and oyster mushroom Lingkung cultivation, mushroom inoculant propagation 4 Musa, Ujang, Nagari Dukuh Banyak, VII Koto Biogas Masril 5 Parni Nagari Malai Lima Suku, Batang Organic fertilizer Gasan Lebong District 1 Asep Alpiandi Kp Jawa Kec. Lebong Utara Seedlings propagation and nursery establishment, biogas, oragnic fertilizer, straw and oyster mushroom cultivation

61


Appendix 9 : Summary of Financial Report TF 011930

A. Operational of the Trust Fund This chapter will outline the overall performance on each of the operational aspects of the Grant/Trust Fund. a.1 Institutional and Implementation Arrangements. Grant Agreement of TF 011930 PNPM Green Awareness raising in Sumatra were signed on April 25, 2012. This GA TF 011930 had been amended once as no cost extension period May 1 to June 30, 2013. When the Amandment of GA TF011930 for No Cost Extension of PNPM Green Awareness raising in Sumatra were signed and had been aggreed to be implemented and commenced on May 1 to June 30, 2013 Operation Wallacea Trust had strengthened on promotion and publication of Green PNPM awareness raising activities in West Sumatra and Bengkulu provinces to enhace sustainability of the program activities in targeted community. The Table of Staff Structure of TF 011930 PNPM Green Awareness raising in Sumatra as below: No.

Position

01. 02.

Team Leader Program Manager/Environmental Training Coordinator Finance and Administration Manager Accountant/Operation Manager Field Finance and Admin Assistant Film Maker District Coordinator Sub-District Coordinator Environmental Awareness Coordinator Senior Natural Resources Management (NRM) Spec. Junior Natural Resources Management (NRM) Spec. Illustrator and Communication Specialist GIS Specialist DataBase Specialist Office Assistant Total

03. 04. 05. 06. 07. 08. 09. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15.

Number 1 person 1 person 1 person 1 person 3 person 1 person 3 person 9 person 1 person 1 person

Gender Female Male √ √ √ √

3√

√ √ √ 6√ √ √

2 persons

1 person 1 person 1 person 1 person 28 persons

√ √ √ √ 24 persons

4 persons

62


The Organizational Chart of Operation Wallacea Trust (OWT) for TF 011930 PNPM Green Awareness raising in Sumatera as below:

Main Responsibilities of the Structural Program Staff Positions as follow: 1.

2. 3.

4.

5.

Programme Manager/Environemental Training Coordinator: To implement field coordination at to ensure that all field activities plan can be conducted at time, To develop environmental training strategy, To promote smart-practices of PNPM-Green to the key stakeholders (including local government and local parliament) in district and provincial level, To implement coordination of advertising and distribution of OWT`s awareness media. Senior Natural Resources Management (NRM) Specialist: To develop Natural Resources Management materials and analyze NRM promotion activies Junior Natural Resources Management (NRM) Specialist: To assist Senior NRM Specialist in developing Natural Resources Management materials and analysing NRM promotion activities Illustrator and Communication Specialist: Together with awareness specialist and other OWT staff to design awareness materials, Together with training specialist and other OWT staff to design training materials , Conduct need assessment of awareness materials in West Sumatra and Bengkulu Province GIS Specialist: Data Base in GIS methode 63


6.

7.

Environmental Awareness Coordinator: To implement field coordination at to ensure that all field activities plan can be conducted at time, To develop environmental awareness strategy, To promote smart-practices of PNPM-Green to the key stakeholders (including local government and local parliament) in district and provincial level, To implement coordination of advertising and distribution of OWT`s awareness media Film Maker: To develop and design tutorial and awareness films on Green-PNPM Support Cameraman to search over good and representative sites for film shooting , Together with cameraman conduct video film shooting in the field, Together with cameraman to conduct research for film development. Develop film animation, Film editing and dubbing

B. Disbursement Profile Provide disbursement summary (in USD) The Operation Wallacea Trust submitted Withdrawal Application (WA) was 8 applications. The following table shows the detail of Fund disbursement by submiting of Withdrawal Application through Client Connection of The World Bank since April 25, 2012 until June 30, 2012 as below: WB/Trans No

WA # by OWT

WA Amount in USD

0001

001

156,304.07

0002

002

108,695.93

0003 0004 0005 0006 0007 0008

003 004 005 006 007 008

60,977.12 69,719.44 61,431.85 17,723.56 16,185.88 23,948.03

WA Paid Amount in USD 156,304.07 108,695.93 Documented 15,014.12 Documented Documented Documented Documented Documented Documented

Date Received

Value Date

Date Closed

15 June 12

18 June 12

18 June 12

15 Oct 12

19 Oct 12

19 Oct 12

14 May 12 14 May 12 14 May 12 23 May 13 24 June 13

16 May 13 16 May 13 16 May 13 24 May 13 28 June 13

16 May 13 16 May 13 16 May 13 24 May 13 28 June 13

TOTALS PAID IN USD 265,000.00

The Summary of Fund disbursement anually to Operation Wallacea Trust from 25 April 2012 to 30 June 2013 is presented on the following table: Planned Cumulative 156,304.07 25 April 2012 31 December 2012 108,695.93 Total Disbursement of TF 011930 from 25 April to 31 December 2012 Date From

Date To

Actual Cumulative 156,304.07 108,695.93 265,000.00

64


C. Financial Management The Financial Management system of Operational Wallacea Trust in running TF 011930 PNPM Green Awareness raising in Sumatra was well managed. The Separation of duties between Financial Management staff had been implemented through the following structure of Management staff: 1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

Finance Manager/Procurement Manager; Main responsibilities are preparing of daily Expenses Report, recording Outstanding and settlement advance, Project procurement issues Accountant/Operation Manager: Main responsibilities are preparing of Interim Financial Report (IFR) to The World bank quarterly, to ensure funds disbursement and adequate of budget, coding system, budget and realization. Those responsibities must be reported to Team Leader regularly and Human Resources Development issues FA Assistant/Petty Cashier 1: Main responsibilities are to assist Finance Manager, day to day bookeeping, responsible for petty cash management and payment of office utilities, stationery and consumable FA Assistant/Petty Cashier 2: Main responsibilities are to assist Operation Manager in administer operational cost of West Sumatra Province office including day to day bookeeping, responsible for petty cash management and payment of office utilities, stationery and consumable IT Database staff: Main responsibilities are to assist Procurement Manager in collecting accurate quotation and vendor information, update and maintenance of Program database and regularly maintenance and updating of OWT`s website

The accounting and reporting system of The Operation Wallacea Trust had been running well during conducting TF 011930 PNPM Green Awareness raising in Sumatra, in which Interim Financial Report had been reported regularly in time to The World Bank quarterly. c.1

Provide a table of allocation funds per category, disbursement and balance of unused funds (if applicable); and any descriptions on the used of funds especially if there are any discrepancies

Table of allocation funds per category, disbursement and balance of unused funds as per 30 June 2013 Categor y

Category Description

TOTALS 1. 2.

TF011930 DEDICATED STAFF TIME TF011930 CONSULTANT SERVICE, TRAINING, WORKSHOP, OTHER OPERATING COSTS & GOODS

Allocation of funds (USD)

Balance of GA TF011930 (USD)

265,000.00

265,000.00

0.00

35,165.00

35,165.00

0.00

222,814.39

-6,278.39

7,020.61

6,278.39

216,536.00

3. TF90977 MANAGEMENT FEE

Disbursement (USD)

13,299.00

65


c.2 Provide an overall review/summary of the following information (a) The interim unaudited financial reports, which were furnished to the World Bank quarterly throughout the duration period of the Project implementation. The Table of Summary of Interim Financial Report (IFR) submitted to The World Bank quarterly can be seen as below: Amount of Interim Financial Report (IFR) Period of in USD Submiting Cat 1 Cat 2 Cat 3 Total 7,667.73 6,909.09 437.30 15,014.12 15 July 12 11,438.78 48,095.48 1,442.86 60,977.12 15 Oct 12 11,288.39 56,067.22 2,363.83 69,719.44 15 Jan 13

Quarters #

Period of IFR

Q1/2012 Q2/2012 Q3/2012

1 April to 30 June 2012 1 July to 30 Sep 2012 1 Oct to 31 Dec 2012

Q1/2013

1 Jan to 31 March 2013

4,770.09

54,872.48

1,789.28

61,431.85

15 Apr 13

Q2/2013

1 April to 30 June 2013

0.00

56,869.81

987.65

57,857.47

12 July 13

TOTAL 35,165.00 222,814.39

7,020.61 265,000.00

(b) The Financial Statements audited, which were furnished to the World Bank annually throughout the duration period of the Project implementation.

D. Procurement (a) Summary of the procurement plans; what methods were used. Include the latest (updated) procurement plan in the Annex section. Operation Wallacea Trust has conducted asset update and Procurement report regularly and reported to The World Bank regularly. Some of high value procurements needed more advises from Procurement Specialist of The World Bank. Since 25 April 2012 to 30 June 2013 Procurement issues were well managed by Operation Wallacea Trust. Table of Summary of the Procurement Realization of TF 011930 PNPM Green Awareness raising in Sumatra

No.

01. 02.

03. 04. 05. 06.

Activity Goods Furnitures Computer Equipment (Laptop + Printer) Photo Camera Projector Printing (Posters and Brochures) Printing

Estimate d Cost in USD

Procurement Methode

Review

Total Realization in USD

Ref

Quantity

FUR.2

1 package

2,200.00

Shopping

Post

5,423.52

COM.2

3 package

2,800.00

Shopping

Post

3,332.12

CAM.2 PRJ.2

3 package 1 package

700.00 1,100.00

Shopping Shopping

Post Post

3,100.02 1,650.90

PR.2

1 package

3,300.00

Shopping

Post

0.00

PR.3

1 package

7,000.00

Shopping

Post

880.83 66


01. 02. 03. 04.

05.

06.

(Publication materials) TOTAL Individual Service Finance & Admin Manager Film Maker Finance & Admin Assistant District Coord. in Sumatra (3 persons) Sub-district Coord. In Sumatra (9 persons) Technical Support Consultant

17,100.00 FM.3

11,000.00 Competitive

Post

8,708.21

OM.3 FA.3

5,500.00 Competitive 4,400.00 Competitive

Post Post

6,375.60 9,135.18

DC.3

19,800.00 Competitive

Post

19,271.62

SDC.2

19,800.00 Competitive

Post

19,013.29

5,500.00 Competitive

Post

3,408.09

TS.2

66,000.00

TOTAL 01.

Firm Consultant External Auditor :Salam Rauf and Partner

14,387.39

3,800.00

65,912.00

TOR

Post

EA

Procurement Method of External Auditor KAP Salam Abdul Rauf and Rekan (SAR) for Audit Service Period of April 2012 to April 2013 and May to June 2013 of TF 011930 – Green PNPM raising in Sumatra was Single Source Selection with justification that (i) KAP Salam Abdul Rauf and Rekan (SAR) has been giving audit service to The Operation Wallacea Trust (OWT) especially Green PNPM Project since 2005 to 2012 with audit fee range from IDR. 35.000.000 to IDR. 39.500.000 those costs of financial audit service have covered by the Budget of the Grant Agreement; (ii) KAP Salam Abdul Rauf and Rekan (SAR) has showed high proffesional on the audit service process; (iii) In the beginning of procurement of KAP Salam Abdul Rauf dan Rekan had selected through CQS methode (competitive) in 2005, Audited of Lambusango Forest Conservation Project (iv) There is no cost increase of Audit Fee from last year which has submitted by KAP Salam Abdul Rauf and Rekan (SAR). The current submitted Cost of Audit is IDR. 39.500.000 as same as the Audit cost last year.

67

Profile for Operasi Wallacea Terpadu

OWT_Completion Report_ PNPM Green Sumatera  

OWT_Completion Report_ PNPM Green Sumatera  

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