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Opinion Volume 19, Issue 5 November 07, 2012 EDITOR-IN-CHIEF Reza Akbari

November 7th 2012 • Over the Edge

Muskwa-Kechika: A Living Landscape

MANAGING EDITOR Shelley Termuende PRODUCTION COORDINATOR Randy Roy WEBSITE MANAGER Behrooz Dalvandi A&E EDITOR Jordan Tucker COPY EDITOR Ben Filipkowski FEATURES EDITOR Gala Munoz NEWS EDITOR Hanna Petersen SPORTS EDITOR Geoff Sargent STUDENT LIFE EDITOR Leila Maheiddinibonab

CONTRIBUTORS Paul Strickland

Michelle Mungall Jeff Hollett

The deadline for the next issue is Monday, November 5th. Be sure to get your articles in on time!

360 degrees of snow-capped mountains for hundreds of kilometres in every direction and no one but them and their horses. Photo Dawn Hansen

In August, ten students, our instructor and a TA left the University of Northern British Columbia for what we would later recognise as some of the best days of our lives. We drove from Prince George 14 hours up to Muncho Lake, Northern Rockies Lodge, where we abandoned conventional travel for a floatplane trip 100 kilometres into the middle of nowhere. Here we found ourselves at Mayfield Lake basecamp, home to Wayne Sawchuck and his crew for three months of the year Wayne has worked within the Muskwa-Kechika Park, guiding horseback trips and promoting the conservation of the area for the past twenty years. With nineteen head of horses, some for riding and others for packing, there is no shortage of opportunities to develop your equestrian skills and to partake in unique experiences. We were

welcomed to the camp by friendly faces, sunshine, and remarkable scenery. Wayne, Jerry, Debbie, Charity, & Michelle, received us with exceptional warmth into their lives, shared their stories, experiences and skills with us. The Muskwa-Kechika Management Area (MKMA) is a section of land the size of Ireland below the Yukon border and near Fort St. John. This incredibly diverse mountain area contains ten provincial parks surrounded by special management areas where any resource development can occur; this area plays host to a variety of wildlife species. Critical landscapes and features are one of the many qualities that make the MKMA unique. The MKMA was developed with economic and environmental sustainability in mind, and has been used to model how human activities can coincide with environmental

values. We were in the Muskwa-Kechika as part of our studies in Outdoor Recreation & Tourism Management/ Conservation; this included learning and practicing our guiding skills, Leave No Trace practices, establishing and applying our ecological and long-term monitoring techniques, and developing our outdoor skills. We had the opportunity to learn about the landscape, its history (including palaeontology), botany and the wildlife that frequents the area such as moose, bears, caribou and many more. We were there to learn about the values of the Muskwa-Kechika, and to experience the magic for ourselves. more information, stories and photos come to the “’Horsing Around’ in the Muskwa-Kechika” talk on November 7 from 5:30-6:30pm. Please see the ORTM Facebook page for more

BC Foods DAy at UNBC Over the Edge is the official independent publishing media of students at the University of Northern British Columbia. As such, it is our mandate to report on issues of interest to students in the Northern Region. We encourage all students, both on the main and regional campuses to submit to Over the Edge. Over the Edge is part of the Canadian University Press network of papers, otherwise known as CUP. CUP is an organization that is entirely owned by member papers, and provides such services as a news wire and advertising to Over the Edge. Over the Edge is published every second week during the fall and winter semesters.

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There’s always something to say about food at UNBC, but two weeks ago the buzz wasn’t around the produce at the University Farmers’ Market or the Bread Guy cookies at the Corner Store. UNBC’s annual BC Foods Days brought products from around the province to the cafeteria for two days of largely-local-lunches prepared by Eurest. This year, the event coincided with the launch of UNBC’s Campus Food Strategy Group (CFSG), a nationwide project run as a partnership between the Sierra Youth Coalition and Meal Exchange. Ten campuses across Canada are improving their campus food systems through CFSG’s, multistakeholder groups that collaboratively address food-related concerns. CFSG coordinators and volunteers engaged the campus community in the ongoing dialogue around food at UNBC during their kick-off event. Through the inexpensive but effective method of dot-on-page surveying, the CFSG collected feedback on the current campus food system and opinions on future developments. While it may not be rigorous scientific data, it provides some initial information for the CFSG to continue their work around food. “It was an excellent opportunity for us to get valuable information from

the UNBC community. Through this form of outreach, we are learning how the campus food system is perceived and how we can all work together to continue to improve it,” said Nitha Karanja, CFSG coordinator. The Kick-off Event on October 23rd coincided with BC Foods Days, an annual collaboration between UNBC’s campus food service provider, Eurest Dining Services, and the Northern Undergraduate Student Society (NUGSS). Over the past two weeks, university campuses across Canada have been hosting similar events with support from Farm to Cafeteria Canada. “We are very excited to be a part of this campaign,” said UNBC’s sustainability manager, Alvaro Palazuelos. “This demonstrates UNBC’s commitment to a sustainable campus food system. As Canada’s Green University, it is essential that we are leading campuses across the county on sustainability initiatives.” Over the past few years, the cafeteria has hosted some form of ‘Local Food Day’ in the fall. This year’s iteration included two days of hot meals consisting of ingredients sourced from our very own province, including a variety of foods from the Prince George area. Several local businesses provided unique ingredients, including tilapia from Northern Bioponics, sausage

from Roger’s Custom Meats, and bread from Red Rooster Bakery. Rodney Mansbridge, Eurest’s Head Chef, prepared a delicious assortment of vegetarian and meat dishes inspired by seasonally available products; breaded tilapia, vegetarian ‘meatloaf,' pork roast, and several variations on stir-fries and pastas over the two days. “It was an exciting opportunity for us to work with NUGSS to demonstrate that as the campus food service provider, we are continually striving to meet the needs and desires of the UNBC community.” said Willie Lum, director of food services for Eurest at UNBC. We all know that our options are somewhat limited when it comes to finding a bite to eat on our small campus. While cost is often the highest priority for us broke folk, CFSG’s initial feedback also shows that a large proportion of students are looking for nutritious, delicious, and even local food on campus. Change takes time, but things are definitely changing at UNBC; two years ago, we didn’t even have a farmers’market. Event organizers are planning on hosting another BC Foods Day in the winter semester, but in the meantime, support some local producers at the UFM, every Tuesday in the NUSC Event Space from 11 to 3.


Over the Edge •November 7th 2012

Sustainability - more than just skin deep at UNBC


With environmental studies becoming more and more popular on campuses across Canada, we begin to wonder if campuses themselves are also becoming more environmentally friendly. Being green sounds good and is a great selling point, but are schools walking the talk? Is UNBC really Canada's "Green University?" What is going on in the world of sustainability on campus? UNBC officially became Canada’s Green University in 2007. Since then, green initiatives at our university have grown exponentially every year. In an effort to better communicate the broad range of these sustainabilityoriented projects, we will be writing a regular column dedicated to sustainability initiatives on campus. You might be asking yourself, what is UNBC doing to save Energy? Well, at UNBC we are committed to reducing our energy consumption by at least 2% each year. A number of energy initiatives have been completed over the past year including lighting upgrades, heating and ventilation upgrades, and studies looking at potential renewable energies for the Prince George campus. In total 660,000 kWh of electricity will be saved per year from these upgrades, equivalent to powering 60 homes for an entire year! In addition, our BioEnergy Plant has been operating for over a year now using wood waste from local sawmills to heat the Prince George campus and reducing our total use of natural gas by 70%. That's equivalent to taking over 750 cars off the road for a year. Not bad, right? With the purpose of expanding our compost system, we are working on an assessment of the total volume of organic waste generated at UNBC.

PGPIRG has been collecting compost from the main campus buildings for many years now. Nevertheless, we don’t have a compost program at the student residences yet. On October 9th, a compost volume assessment started at the student residences. This study will help us understand how much organic waste would be produced if res had a compost program in place. With the information gathered by PGPIRG over the years about organic waste generated at the main campus buildings, and with the new information from the student residences, we’ll reach a more complete understanding of the overall level of organic waste that will be generated at UNBC. We can then decide on which type of compost system would be suitable to expand our compost program. Another awesome initiative is the swanky, carbon neutral electric car. The City of Prince George initiated a partnership to purchase the electric car for use by UNBC, the Northern Health Authority, the Regional District of Fraser Fort George, and the city. Each partner will have use of the electric car for three months of the calendar year, for the next four years (UNBC from Sept to Dec). Each public service organization and local government has carbon neutrality goals and through this partnership is acting on carbon commitments while providing an ideal way to pilot the use of electric vehicles in the North. The partnership is a very visible attestation to our green commitments and our ability to work with others in our community. At UNBC the car will be used during the week by Distribution Services for deliveries on campus, to BMO, and the airport. During the weekend the car will be available for use by the Residence Assistants for errands off campus. There will also be

the option of using the car to pick-up and drop off special guests to the university. Nothing beats a carbon-free ride to the green university! Finally, let's talk about the Green Fund. This fund works as a one-time seed grant that students, faculty or staff can apply for to fund projects that will improve the environmental performance of the university. Since the Green Fund started two and a half years ago, a whopping eleven projects have been funded. One of the major projects on campus to receive funding in 2012 was a proposal from the Students for a Green University (SGU) to build a Geodesic Dome Greenhouse on campus. This will allow students to challenge our northern climate and grow vegetables for an extended period of time. SGU is now working on the final details of the project and is hoping to start construction in the Spring of 2013. Another project to receive funding was lead by Ph.D student Geoff de Ruiter. “The main objective of my study was to examine the wind energy

potential at all four UNBC campuses. The second objective was then compare wind energy options to other forms of renewable energy on the Prince George campus," says de Ruiter. He compared factors such as energy savings and generation, and carbon emissions and found "our best option for wind energy was at the Ft St John campus," and added that "even better options are available at high resource commercial wind locations.” These student lead projects not only help UNBC become more environmentally sustainable, but also allow participating students to develop new skills and gain valuable experience for their careers. So if you have identified something that can be done to make UNBC a greener community, talk to Alvaro Palazuelos at the Green University Centre to draft your Green Fund proposal! The next Green Fund submission date will be on January 16th, 2013 so start thinking about your Green project! That's all there is room for in this issue...

The BCLIP is an educational sixmonth opportunity for Canadian university graduates to work in British Columbia’s parliamentary system. Your academic training will be enhanced by exposure to public policy-making and the legislative process by working in the executive and legislative branches of the provincial government at the Parliament Buildings in Victoria.


B.C. residents are eligible to apply if they have received their first Bachelor’s Degree from a Canadian university within two years of the start date of the 2014 program.

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Apply online at Deadline

ACADEMIC DIRECTOR Dr. Patrick J. Smith Simon Fraser University

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January 31, 2013 Location: Parliament Buildings, Victoria, B.C. Term: January 6 to June 27, 2014 Remuneration: $21,997 for six months


Campus News

November 7th 2012 • Over the Edge

B.C. govt to make e-textbooks free VERONIKA BONDARENKO THE UBYSSEY

VANCOUVER (CUP) — The B.C. government wants to offer online textbooks for free to university students, but there’s still a fair bit of homework to do before the project becomes a reality. The B.C. Ministry of Advanced Education plans to commission textbook authors or developers to put together online textbooks for popular undergraduate courses. As a condition of funding, they’ll be available through a Creative Commons licence that makes them free for anyone to use, reuse and revise. A nonprofit called BCcampus, acting as an agent of the government, will store the textbooks online. The ministry has promised to offer free online textbooks for 40 of the most popular post-secondary courses in the province, but it’s up to professors to decide what textbooks are assigned within specific courses. If all goes according to plan, some of the books will be available by September 2013. After looking at data from B.C. schools and similar projects in Washington and California, the ministry will decide which courses will get free books. They expect to commission books for first-

year courses like English, psychology and calculus. The BCcampus organization, a 10-yearold publicly funded group, exists to create online shared services and resources for universities and colleges in B.C. CUPE locals across B.C. have railed against any “shared services” plans promoted by the province, arguing that they may result in lost jobs. The government argues that the free textbooks will save over 200,000 students hundreds of dollars per year, but Debbie Harvie, managing director of the UBC Bookstore, said she’ll wait and see whether this plan will cut into Bookstore sales. “We don’t yet know the effect of this announcement, except to say that there are not a lot of ‘free’ materials available at this point,” said Harvie. “I am waiting to hear more specifics so that I can understand how this could affect the Bookstore. In the meantime, we are, of course, selling e-textbooks when we can get them, as well as new [and] used [textbooks], custom course packs and renting books too.” Kiran Mahal, vice-president academic and university affairs of the Alma Mater Society (AMS) at UBC, agreed that free

access to online textbooks would help make post-secondary education cheaper. “Different institutions, and even different professors within the same institution, use different textbooks for courses that cover the same broad subject matter,” said Mahal. “The exact textbook choice is up to the professor ... This is why collaboration and coordination with post-secondary

institutions is essential to the success of this system.” Mahal also stressed that the quest to make higher education more affordable should not end at textbooks. “More needs to be done around funding of higher education in a more consistent and holistic way, from student loan reform to increasing the block grant provided to public

UNBC Energy Tour Update: The tour reaches Ottawa HANNA PETERSEN NEWS EDITOR

UNBC’s ‘Energy tour’ has brought the vision of sustainable energy to our nation’s capital . President George Iwama and VP External Rob van Adrichem visited Ottawa, Ontario to present on behalf of the Energy tour. The tour is meant to foster dialogue about green energy opportunities at UNBC. More specifically, the presentations made will showcase UNBC’s bioenergy facilities at the Prince George Campus and discuss the goal of integrating them with housing and food production. This system could demonstrate the foundational elements of community sustainability and act as a model for communities keen to embrace green energy. While the tour is mainly focused on northern BC communities like Terrace, Williams Lake, Fort Nelson, and Dawson Creek, the tour recently completed its very important stopover in Ottawa. Iwama and van Adrichem met with various government officials and alumni to discuss the future of the bioenergy plant. “Today I’m in Ottawa, where President George Iwama and I are meeting with various government officials about UNBC’s proposal to build on our bioenergy plant (already partially funded by the federal government) and demonstrate the relationship between local energy production, food, and housing, all part of a new vision of community sustainability,” writes van Adrichem on the Energy Tour’s official blog chronicling the trip. “Our first visit was with renowned architect Douglas Cardinal, who is perhaps most famous

for creating the Museum of Civilization across the Ottawa River from the Parliament Buildings,” continues van Adrichem. “What many people don’t know is that, two decades ago, Cardinal also designed a remote Aboriginal community in northern Quebec that is built around a bioenergy plant for heating, using local wood residues. In UNBC he sees an inspired opportunity for building communities that are in harmony with nature; a model for Canada. It represents a new opportunity to re-connect people with energy, their environment, their housing, and food – all of it tied to learning and research.” President Iwama and Rob van Adri-

chem also met with MPs from almost every party in order to discuss sustainable energy. “It’s easy to get down on politicians and their motivation (or lack thereof ) for improving things, but I saw a genuine attempt to consider new ideas this week.” writes van Adrichem. “It was especially evident in a meeting where Conservatives, Greens, Liberals, and the NDP came together to hear President Iwama and I speak about UNBC’s opportunities to build on its existing infrastructure and academic programs to model northern community sustainability. These MPs and staff didn’t have to be there, but they were.” One of the issues the tour identities is

that hundreds of communities in Canada still burn diesel to produce electricity. “One of the attendees was a UNBC grad who works in Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development as a policy analyst focusing on the dozens of communities south of 60 that still burn diesel for power generation at great expense,” writes van Adrichem. “He wore his alumni pin to the meeting and felt that UNBCcould help to lead the way to new alternatives for these communities. It’s great that he feels that way about his alma mater.” The tour stopover in Ottawa marks a new page in UNBC’s history, as never before has UNBC had such extensive


Over the Edge •November 7th 2012

BC Pledge action plan to modernize justice system HANNA PETERSEN NEWS EDITOR

BC pledges action plan to modernize justice system The BC Justice system has increasingly become more expensive and inefficient over the years. The number of new Provincial Court adult criminal and youth cases has declined, but the average amount of court time to conclude them has increased. The cost of the justice system has also risen 35 percent since 2005. Thus, the BC government has taken measures to transform the justice system with the intent of making it more efficient and fair. The first ten steps toward transforming BC's justice system were announced recently by Minister of Justice and Attorney General Shirley Bond, with projects aimed at reducing backlog, improving access to justice services and increasing transparency. "A Modern, Transparent Justice System" is a white paper outlining the government's immediate action on recommendations made in an

independent review of BC's justice system by Geoffrey Cowper, released in August 2012. Part two of the white paper (release pending) will have further actions, including consideration on the findings of the Missing Women Commission of Inquiry. Based on extensive stakeholder consultation and input from the public, Cowper recommended a series of changes that government and the judiciary could make to improve timeliness, court administration and the experiences of victims. His review was called after government performed an internal government audit and released a green paper outlining challenges affecting transparency, efficiency and access in the justice system. The white paper identifies timeliness, transparency and balance as essential parts of effective justice and public confidence. The action plan, which lays the foundation for achieving sustainable reform, focuses on creating a new model of transparent governance and reducing court delays

through the use of evidence-based approaches. "With this action plan, we have the first part of BC's agenda for reform that we will use to create a justice system that works better for British Columbians. These significant changes to the governance structure will lay the foundation for the innovative projects that will come,"says Minister of Justice Shirley Bond. "We are beginning these reforms immediately and we will pursue these changes aggressively so the public can be confident that BC's justice system will be fair, accessible, and timely when they need it." Starting immediately, government will begin implementing the plan which includes ensuring a strategic direction and coordination across the justice system, development of an annual justice and public safely plan, holding a regular justice summit, creating better administrative management tools, setting performance measures that are relevant to the public, reducing backlogs with a new court scheduling system, and streamlining routine

practices. "There is a general consensus on the importance of improving the criminal justice system. Lawyers and soon-to-be lawyers welcome initiatives focusing on improving the efficiency and outcomes of the justice system. Improved consultation with stakeholders and enhanced performance measures can only help to enhance the system," says Chris Axworthy, founding dean of law at Thompson Rivers University. "Addressing case backlogs and delays, expanding duty counsel services and more early alternative resolution will all be seen by lawyers and law students alike as positive initiatives." BC's justice reform activities are intended to address the paradox that British Columbia and other jurisdictions face with rising costs and delays, despite a declining crime rate and little increase in case load.

Excavation Uncovers Artifacts for BC First Nation HANNA PETERSEN NEWS EDITOR

It’s been an exciting start of the academic year for the department of Anthropology at the University of Northern British Columbia. They recently finished excavating the remains of an ancient fishing village on the Babine River 100 km northeast of Smithers. The project was part of a continuing partnership between the Department, the University , and the Lake Babine Nation (LBN). “We recovered a tremendous amount of interesting data, including over 400 artifacts made from stone, bone, bark, and metal,” says UNBC Anthropology Professor Farid Rahemtulla who directed the project. “The nature of these materials indicates potentially a large time span of use for the house, from ancient times to European contact and into more recent times.” A crew including several UNBC student volunteers spent six weeks in July, August and September excavating the remains of one of the many long houses at the ancient fishing village. In 2010, the village was the focus of UNBC’s archeology field school, which revealed that the settlement was at least 1,300 years old. As a result of those findings the LBN invited the Department to conduct a more research-intensive excavation, funded by the LBN treaty office. “Contributing to such a project at an undergraduate level was extremely valuable in developing skills and experiencing the time, work, and emotions that are put into a project,” says UNBC anthropology student Delaney Prysnuk. “Understanding and applying the concepts and politics that we are taught in class in real life situations is very important.” The Lake Babine Nation expressed its appreciation for the efforts of Dr. Rahemtulla and said it is pleased to see the proto-

col agreement between Lake Babine and UNBC resulting in such mutually beneficial projects. “These findings confirm the histories that our elders have passed on to us,” says Chief Wilfred Adam of the Lake Babine Nation. “It is gratifying to see multi-year projects such as this one moving ahead. We look forward to working with UNBC on many more projects in the future.” Dr. Rahemtulla says the next step will be to conduct a number of analyses, and some of the UNBC graduate students on the crew will use the information for their thesis research. When the results become available, the group plans to



November 7th 2012 • Over the Edge

First Three Weekends Crucial For Men

standings Men’s Soccer Pacific Division

5-0-1 Trinity Western 4-0-0 UBC 2-3-1 UVic 1-2-1 Fraser Valley 0-6-0 UNBC

Prairie Division 5-0-0 Alberta 4-0-1 Saskatchewan 2-2-2 Lethbridge 2-3-1 Winnipeg 1-4-1 Calgary 0-6-0 Mount Royal

Women’s Soccer 5-0-0 Trinity Western 4-0-0 Regina 4-0-1 UVic 4-1-0 UBC 3-0-2 Alberta 3-1-1 Fraser Valley 3-1-0 Saskatchewan 2-4-0 Manitoba 1-5-0 Lethbridge 0-3-3 Calgary 0-4-1 Mount Royal 0-5-1 UNBC 0-5-1 Winnipeg

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With a stable of fifth-year players in the starting lineup, the UNBC men's basketball team has positioned themselves for an eye-catching debut in Canada West's Pacific Division. A strong showing in the preseason saw the men win the Naismith Classic in Waterloo and drop close games to powerful Ontario schools two weeks later. “I was reasonably happy with the way the guys played; we were in a three point game in the fourth quarter with number six Lakehead, and we were up at the half against McMaster,” said third year coach Todd Jordan on the Honda Way tournament in Abbotsford. “I actually feel like we let [the McMaster game] get away from us.” With the games now counting towards the standings, and the players' goal of qualifying for the playoffs requiring a divisional finish in the top four teams, the opening weekends against Pacific Division schools Thompson Rivers, Trinity Western, and UBC-Okanagan become crucial to the teams' success. “Our first three weeks, probably more so than every season I've been here, will have a huge impact on the outcome of our season,” said Jordan. “Coming out of the gate strong is going to be really important for us.” This statement carries weight; while only having been head coach for two full seasons, Jordan is a former player and assistant coach for the team, his involvement with the program stretching out for the better part of the last decade. The starting lineup for the men figures to include veterans Gabe Aubertin, Charles Barton, Sam Raphael, Joel Rybachuk, and Francis Rowe. “We generally haven't started Jose [Araujo] more just because I find he gives us that scoring punch off the bench and he fits into that role so well,” said Jordan. “I consider him a sixth starter. Dan [Stark] is like a sixth starter as well, he's been playing really well for us.” In fact, Araujo was named tournament MVP at the Naismith Classic, hinting that the Timberwolves have strong depth on

their roster. The future is also visible for UNBC, as on the roster this season are younger brothers Josh Raphael and Elliot Rowe. “I don't want to say they were easy recruits,” laughed Jordan, “but they saw the results their older brothers have had, they saw the environment here and they wanted to be a part of it.” Raphael is only using his first year of CIS eligibility, due to his role as a redshirt freshman on campus last season, while Rowe joins the team directly from high school in Victoria. Up on campus from the Lower Mainland are two forwards in Navjot Bains (6'6”) and Gagan Sahota (6'5”), and rounding out the bench is Prince George's Nolan Hanson, second year point guard Billy Cheng, and the tallest member of the squad, Joshua Jebose (6'8”), who is currently rehabbing an injury. “I've talked to them about spending the year being ready,” said Coach Jordan. “As a first or second year guy it's always difficult; your minutes may not be consistent.” Jordan considers the switch to CIS from collegiate play and the accompanying increase in the level of play a big draw to fans, keeping UNBC's already strong fan support interested. “I think the thing the locals and the students will find with the CIS level is, night in night out you're going to see a lot higher level basketball and a lot more competitive games – whereas in previous years we'd go out and win half our games at home by 20 or 30 points,” said Jordan. The community support, along with the facilities, are the big selling points for recruitment: “Our fan support has always been good; playing in front of 2000 fans, and in a great environment, helps balance out Prince George winters.” Last weekend in Kamloops the men swept Thompson Rivers with two wins, 321-56 and 419-0, putting the men on track with their goal of playoff qualification.


Over the Edge •November 7th 2012


Amongst the many recent changes and turnovers at UNBC Athletics over the previous decade – adding a soccer program, seeing the men's basketball coach change more than once, hiring an athletic director, applying to Canada West, being rejected by Canada West, finally being accepted to CIS play for this season – one position has remained constant. Loralyn Murdoch is well into her second decade as coach of the Timberwolves' women's basketball team and shows no sign of slowing down. Turning aside all questions about the team's goals for this season, and even those about what games on the schedule seemed most important, Coach Murdoch instead preached the recurring sports mantra of "one game at a time" while stating the team was given goals for individual games instead of the season as a whole. Despite losing key players from last year's PACWEST-winning roster, including most of the local contingent (the team now counts only two players with local high school experience on their roster, Mercedes Van Koughnett and Emily Kaehn), Murdoch has the UNBC women prepared and focused for their first foray into CIS competition. Exhibition tournaments in Waterloo and Calgary saw the women collect a 3-2 record against fellow CIS universities, including a 21 point win against Canada West foes Lethbridge three weeks ago. Van Koughnett, a Psychology major entering her penultimate year of eligibility, figures to be the most noticeable of the Timberwolves on the court. Following an impressive 201112 season that saw the Prince George native comfortably lead the team in rebounds and assists, Van Koughnett finds herself as team captain in 201213. After capping the previous season by leading the Timberwolves to a PACWEST championship and captur-

ing tournament MVP honours in the process, she was earmarked by Murdoch as the team's player to watch this season. UNBC's #8 should never be too far from the ball. An increased role this season seems likely for Sarah Robin, as the third year player is poised to eat up minutes, especially with her strong defensive game. Playtime should also be seen by experienced transfers Kellie Fluit and Jordyn Rabbitt, while Kaehn, Jennifer Bruce, and fifth-year forward Kady Dandeneau round out the players likely to see the most floor time. This leaves the three new first-year additions – Allison Seinen, Lauren Lamont, and Jasprit Nijjar – fighting for relief playing time. “Some games they'll barely play and some games they might see a bunch of play,” said Murdoch. “Their job is to be ready to step in when we need them.” With three of the national Top 10 (UFV, UVic, UBC) in the preseason CIS polls, Canada West's Pacific Division is no easy task for the Timberwolves to handle. The schedule has them host or travel to each divisional opponent for two games, while they cross over to the Prairie Division for one game against each team. With the three aforementioned ranked BC schools playing UNBC in the last four weeks of the season, early success is pivotal to the women earning a playoff berth, as it would reduce the pressure of having to achieve results against the better schools in the conference down the stretch. The regular season tipped off last weekend in Kamloops, with UNBC easily defeating TRU by 460 points in both games to provide a fantastic start to the schedule. “Quote from Loralyn goes here,” said Murdoch. “Second part of quote goes here.” Player Q led the Timberwolves, averaging 230.5 points and 79 rebounds over the weekend to pace the team to a 2-0 start. The team looks to continue their winning ways with consecutive home week-

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Men’s Basketball PrairieDivision

2-0-0 Alberta 2-0-0 Lethbridge 1-1-0 Calgary 1-1-0 Manitoba 1-1-0 Regina 1-1-0 Saskatchewan 0-2-0 Brandon 0-2-0 Winnipeg

Pacific Division 0-2-0 Trinity Western 4-0-0 UBC 1-0-0 UFV 1-0-0 TRU 1-1-0 UNBC 0-1-0 Mount Royal 0-2-0 UBC-O

Women’s Basketball PrairieDivision

2-0-0 Alberta 2-0-0 Lethbridge 1-1-0 Calgary 1-1-0 Manitoba 1-1-0 Regina 1-1-0 Saskatchewan 0-2-0 Brandon 0-2-0 Winnipeg

Pacific Division 0-2-0 Trinity Western 4-0-0 UBC 1-0-0 UFV 1-0-0 TRU 1-1-0 UNBC 0-1-0 Mount Royal 0-2-0 UBC-O 0-2-0 UVic


Student Life

A message from The Board of governors


UNBC was established in 1990 by its own legislation, the UNBC Act. Since 2002, UNBC has been governed by the University Act, as are all the other research-intensive universities in British Columbia. This change in governance occurred once the university had reached a level of 2,500 students for two years. Two bodies, the Senate and the Board of Governors, rule the affairs of UNBC. The Senate is the academic governing body, responsible for such things as the academic quality of degree programs and the academic calendar. Part 7 of the University Act details the powers and purpose of the Senate. The Board of Governors of the University of Northern British Columbia is composed of fifteen members. These include eight members appointed by the Province of BC, five elected from the University community (two students, two faculty and one non-faculty), and 2 ex-officio members, the Chancellor and the President & Vice-Chancellor. All serve as volunteers and receive no remuneration. The composition and powers of the Board can be found in Sections 19 and 27, respectively, of the University Act. The main responsibility of the Board of Governors is the oversight of the management, administration and control of the property, revenue, business and affairs of the university. The Board meets four times per year to conduct its general business, with one of these meetings held in the regions served by the University. There are 3 standing committees; Finance and Audit, Governance, and Human Resources and additional meetings are held throughout the year, including one planning session annually. More information about the Board, Board Committees and meeting schedules can be found on the UNBC website www.unbc. ca/governance. Ghandi said, “be the change you want to see in the world” and the university simply works better when everyone is engaged. The Board of Governors works because we bring broad and diverse points of view to the table. Board meetings are open to the public and we welcome individuals and delegations

November 7th 2012 • Over the Edge

Flynn in Scotland We all love sales. That word means the same thing in every culture and every country – you’re going to get your stuff cheaper. But being in another country makes the shopper in all of us go a little bit crazier when we see that big fourletter word – SALE! It doesn’t help that students have a certain kind of consumerism tailored towards us. We hate to be labelled “consumers” but it’s true. Many of us grab a pint and maybe a light supper at the pub to celebrate an exam done well; we go for trips to the mall with friends and end up buying a few small things, and I’m sure most of us couldn’t get into that awesome Halloween party at the club without a costume, right? Don’t get me wrong, we all have to buy stuff at one point or another, but, especially for exchange students, it is different than normal. Some universities have a unique locality which can cater to student spending habits. UNBC is a shopping “island” where there are no shopping centres within walking distance, aside from the weekly Farmer’s Market (thank goodness), the cafeteria, and the basic amenities available at the corner store (Why do you think I love the reciprocity shelf so much?). UBC in Vancouver has its own community, complete with full grocery stores and other shops. The University of Dundee, however, is right downtown, and very near several shopping districts that I walk by every day. In the past few weeks, quite a few stores in that district were having sales, and many of them were quite tempting, even for a thrifty individual like myself, or “cheap lil’ bastard” as my mom would call me (she means it lovingly, I swear). While only a select few of these sales were aimed directly at students, their goal remained the same: buy, buy, buy! And they don’t even have to have a sale to encourage you to shop. There are numerous grocery stores that are close to the campus residences.

What these stores lack in sales they make up for in ideal location. Not only are their locations great, but the various grocery store chains have a range of food items from across the UK and even Europe. You can see where I’m going with this; you’re walking down the sweets aisle and BAM! They carry that brand of chocolate you love that you haven’t seen anywhere else! It reminds you so much of home, you have to buy one! GASP! It’s on sale? Get a case! When you’re a foreigner in another country, a lot of things are new, especially food. Whether it’s a different version of something familiar, or a new product altogether, food is something anyone can appreciate, especially hungry students. It doesn’t have to be something extravagant and expensive, it can be something as tame as a deepfried Mars bar. Simple – yes - but have you tried it? No? Then give it a try! The saying, “When in Rome...” is easily applicable to food. I’m not saying don’t try new things, just that there’s more of an inclination to spend money when things are new, whether it be food or even

experiences. Back home, I wouldn’t be so eager to see the local museum on First Nation history, or pay for an expensive bottle of maple syrup every week – I’ve experienced these before. But over here in Scotland, well geez! I’ve never been to a castle before, or toured a scotch distillery, or even seen the infamous Loch Ness, so I’ll jump on the chance to do those things. I’ve seen this in Canada before, especially in BC. Exchange students are eager to go to Vancouver for reading break, try maple syrup, go to a hockey game, go snowboarding in Jasper, etc. It is novel and new and the thing to do while in Canada, provided you have enough money. It’s not a bad thing to do as the Romans do “when in Rome.” It is, however, easy to get caught up in the excitement of being in a strange country where you want to try everything new, especially when those things are on sale. So if you find yourself on a student exchange, pace yourself. Go to a museum here and there if it looks interesting, check out castles when you can, and...ooh! Haggis, neeps and tatties lunch special! And it comes with a bottle of Irn Bru!...

SGU Club spotlight pus. There have been some hiccups along the way, but is a great time for new people to get involved in the project, and help get it constructed for spring! Come join our Monday meetings at 6pm in the clubs room in the NUSC building.


Students for a Green University is UNBC's environmental club. We aim to educate students, faculty and staff to make everyday changes in their everyday lives, as well as at the University. Our activities include informational

documentary screenings, protests, rallies, petitions, workshops, fundraisers, and ongoing campaigns to address particular issues on campus as well as in the community. Every year we participate in UNBC's Green Day, bottled water free day, and BC River's Day. We are also in the process of building a Geodesic Dome Greenhouse on cam-


Over the Edge •November 7th 2012

Visiting Scholar Lorna Carson, an Assistant professor at Trinity College Dublin has been at UNBC for 2 months out of her 6 month sabbatical studying language and linguistics in the Prince George community. Originally from Ireland, she is here as a visiting scholar after meeting Gary Wilson and Angele Smith during their Ireland and Isle of Man field school. Participating in the local community with organizations such as IMSS (Immigrant and Multicultural Services Society) and funding from the International Council for Canadian Studies and the Benefactions Fund from Trinity, Professor Carson is studying People, Place and Belonging as well as Multilingualism. Her main area of focus has been in communities such as Dub-

lin and Prince George as part of a larger research project about Urban Multilingualism. “I’m glad that I can say I have made some very good friends here in Prince George through my research and work with the Prince George community” says Dr. Carson. “I use a method called Linguistic Landscaping where I follow different roots through a city and see where and when languages are used,” said Professor Carson. Her research in Prince George and Dublin is part of a larger project spanning many countries looking at Urban multilingualism through the use of different languages. Analyzing public signage, classrooms, ads and restaurants they look at language and its manifestations. “It’s like detective

work. We want to know who speaks what and where and what it means.”

multilingual spoken language in an area.

Using an example of a flier for Chinese New Year from the Netherlands, Dr. Carson illustrates how through the study of the languages one can tell the flier was meant for people of the Dutch speaking community as the main language on the flier was Dutch. She went on to discuss how the Chinese language on the flier was mainly tokenistic in order to give more credit to the fliers legitimacy as advertisement for a Chinese new year event. She studies where and when certain languages are used, whether they are high or low status languages, are they are functional or symbolic, and if there is monolingual written language but

“What’s interesting is there is a comparison between the loss of lower status languages in Europe and the loss of indigenous languages here in Canada,” Carson continues, “something like ‘I speak Punjab, but only at home’ and ‘yeah I guess I speak Kurdish, but really that’s only with my mum.’ Through understanding how languages are treated and thought about we can possible save or preserve many languages on their way to extinction.” Dr. Carson will be heading to Los Angeles before returning to Ireland to continue her research work on linguistics and language use until the end of


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What are you studying/researching?

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Why did you choose this topic?

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How was the research conducted? ADAM KANTAKIS

Name: Adam Kantakis Age: 27 Program: Interdisciplinary Studies (Anthropology/First Nations Studies) Who is Michael Adam Kantakis?

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ad ut exernat emquam haribus et ut rescia et eumendi taquibea esci aut placculpa illaccu llanim ario explit es sinullent.

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Where would your research be implemented? What are some applications for this research?

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If you could give one piece of advice to the new grad students this year, what would it be?

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Recipe: Quick Winter Soup



1 tablespoon butter ½ jalepeno pepper, chopped and seeded 1/8 cup chopped onion 1/8 cup chopped celery 1 tablespoon all-purpose flour 1 ½ cups 2% milk 1 cup chopped and cooked skinless boneless chicken breasts ¾ cup fresh OR frozen corn kernels ½ teaspoon chopped fresh thyme 1/8 teaspoon cayenne pepper 1 (7 ½ ounce) can of cream-style corn

Pinch of salt


1. Melt butter in a large pot over medium heat. 2. Add jalapeno, onion, and celery and cook for three minutes or until tender, stirring frequently. 3. Add the flour, cook for another minute, stirring constantly. 4. Stir in remaining ingredients and bring to boil. 5. Cook until think, around five minutes. Remove from heat, pour into bowls and eat up! Variations:




November 7th 2012 • Over the Edge

20 things to keep you sane How to win an during the winter argument like a Prez GALA MUNOZ FEATURES EDITOR

Now with winter clearly here to stay and hibernation mode fully engaged it’s hard to look forward to anything besides seeing green grass once again. Here are some ideas for fun things that you can do to lighten your spirit without even leaving your house or dorm room:


In light of all the presidential debating that went on in October, there is plenty to be learned from the debating style of each side of the Republican and Democrat party. While there are the obvious tips like “stay calm” and “know your facts,” other understated yet useful pointers can be learned from the four presidential and vicepresidential debates that occurred this past election season. Taking a look at the Republican side of the political spectrum, Romney’s debating style tended toward inductive reasoning with the construction of an argument based off of general propositions that are derived from specific examples. The premises of an inductive logical argument suggest truth but do not entail it; thus it can be a probabilistic way of arguing in that it only states that, given the premises, the conclusion is probable. In other words, while the premise for the argument can be true, the same does not always apply to the conclusion. While this form of reasoning can be useful for convincing those who don’t know all the facts, as soon as you are matched with an opponent that knows the ins-and-outs of the topic at hand, things can fall out of your favour very quickly. In comparison, Obama tended towards deductive reasoning which involves using given true premises to reach a conclusion that is also true. Deductive reasoning differs from inductive reasoning in that a specific conclusion is arrived at from a general principle and if the rules of deduction are followed this procedure ensures an accurate conclusion. That being said, to rely on deductive reasoning for your argument does not always mean that you will have an invulnerable point of view: it is possible to have a deductive argument that is logically valid but is not sound. An argument is valid if it is impossible for its premises to be

true while its conclusion is false. An argument can be considered sound if it is valid and the premises are true. In all, there can be harm in either methods of arguing and to develop a sound and valid side of the debate, you must be prepared to back up all your premises with logical and thorough facts. As seen from both Obama and Romney, having good public speaking skills and confidence in yourself can often assist you more than just the delivery of facts alone. Often people will read body language and assess the confidence that is behind the presentation in order to decide whether a point seems valid or not. A great method in which to expose your opponent’s flaws during a debate is to ask questions: inquire “can you give me an example?” These types of questions will invariably lead your opponent to the truth and if they are honest, they will concede. Because of the nature of the debates, the moderator acted as the source of inquiry and thus the candidates themselves were not able to make use of this helpful method; you can be sure, however, that with this method of probing, your opponent will be forced to reveal how strong or weak their argument is. Once you’ve made sure to cover the basics, like sticking to the subject, avoid playing dirty and showing your opponent that he or she is wrong rather than blatantly saying so, learn from the candidates' mistakes by not wearing so much makeup that you look like you’re doing “blackface,” wearing the right clothes that say you are relatable to your audience (or opponent) in terms of your fierce fashion sense, and, most of all, maintaining a trustworthy and open demeanour.

•Host a movie, poker, video game or board game night •Test out a new TV series (recommendations: Breaking Bad, Workaholics, Game of Thrones) •Become a baker extrordinaire •Take up knitting or crocheting (bonus: warm socks and scarves) •Do some plain ol’ reading •Start a blog or create a Tumblr account •Brainstorm for the perfect Christmas gifts for your family and friends •Reorganize your closet (bonus: spring

cleaning will be a breeze) •Invest in some at-home exercise videos and equipment to help off-set all that baking •Sit down and write a bucket list •Indulge in a luxurious bubble bath (something that all genders can appreciate) •Cook a gourmet meal •Organize the junk drawer (and while you’re at it the rest of the drawers in your house) •Catch up with distant friends or relatives over Skype •Invent something •Perfect your favourite warm beverage (be it hot chocolate, café or tea latte) •Teach yourself or let YouTube teach you how to play a new instrument •Build a fort (no one is ever too old for forts) •Have an indoor picnic •Decorate for Christmas (never too early!)

DaddyO’s Pizza & Ribs review


While I won’t make the audacious proclamation of putting it in the number one spot, DaddyO’s Pizza & Ribs, tucked in beside Canada’s Best Value Inn on Central, has some of the best pizza in Prince George. With options for pick up, delivery or dining in, there is something to suit everyone’s taste on DaddyO’s menu. Just as the name suggests, DaddyO’s specializes in ribs (be it baby back, spare or regular) and pizza. That being said, their pastas and pizza subs are not things to be overlooked. For those who like their pizza spicy, DaddyO’s has a handful of delicious options to choose from. Their thick-cut, crisp crust pizza with just enough cheese and original zesty pizza sauce tells me that somebody

in the kitchen certainly knows the ins-and-outs when it comes to pizza making. My personal recommendations are the Cajun pizza, adorned with shrimp, Cajun chicken, green peppers, onions and cheese, and the Chicken Gourmet pizza with chicken, spinach, garlic, sun-dried tomatoes and cheese. If, for whatever reason, you can’t find a pizza to suit your preferences, you can always choose the option of creating your own culinary masterpiece. During all of my visits, pick-ups and deliveries from DaddyO’s, I have always been met with friendly and relatively fast service. If you’re feeling like a sitdown meal complete with a cute and cozy atmosphere, DaddyO’s is open for breakfast, lunch and dinner, Tuesday through Saturday.

Over the Edge •November 7th 2012



Arts & Entertainment

A note on cigarettes

Kandle (EP), Album Review

November 7th 2012 • Over the Edge

Chilly Gonzales - Solo Piano II , Album Review

JORDAN TUCKER ARTS AND ENTERTAINMENT I started smoking casually around the middle of 2011, when I realized that I too could smell of death and a desperate want to be cool. There's something to be said for a habit that you know can do you absolutely no good. Maybe it's the nihilist in me, but something about staring at the red ember in the middle of the night, after all sane measures to fall asleep have been exhausted, makes me feel as though I'm capable of perfect honesty with myself. It's a sort of awareness of mortality. The thing about having a such a habit is that it forces you to be honest with yourself about why you do anything, really. So many things that we do, from skydiving to falling in love, are centred around a desperate and curious need to understand death, or to shy away from it. Inhaling into your lungs a giant freaking' stick of nothing-good-for-you is sort of liberating. Screw you, caloriecounting! Nuts off to you, coffee naysayers! Go stuff yourselves, RRSP salespeople and Jesus' holy team of canvassers. I am slowly killing myself and being a terrible example to the future generation of Canadians and I am loving it! Hack hack cough. The thing is, and we all know it, smokers are cooler than the rest of us. I don't mean social smokers or pansy little insomniac smokers like myself. I mean the tormented, tortured smoker-types. The surly guys who have to duck out of big family gatherings in their weathered denim jackets to perch on the end of the curb to light up, their dark blue eyes glinting darkly as they think about past regrets. Gwyneth Paltrow in The Royal Tenenbaums, a secret smoker from age 12, lighting up in the bathtub. Even the trail of smoke in the Replacements' Bastards of Young video is cooler than any five handfuls of cranky little hipsters with owl necklaces and whimsical off-kilter earrings. This is why I've always shied away from becoming a full-time smoker: I'm not cool enough. I was talking to a smoker-type friend of mine, and, after pondering the question of quitting, they admitted to me that it didn't matter, because they were sure they were going to die young anyways. That sort of morbid confidence is exactly why smokers can haphazardly leap onto motorcycles and lounge about campfires contemplating philosophy, as I imagine they do. Because smokers are okay with the idea of dying, they are more willing to do things that the rest of us won't. Because smokers won't submit to the usual mortality jibe like the rest of us, they're immune to the frantic fluttering of gyms and social groups. If not to emphysema and lung cancer. The Surgeon General is just a jealous fellow. One should take cigarettes seriously. Be it in a moment of reflection with a friend amidst a night of revelry, or just solo on the balcony; a smoke at the end of the night is a time to contemplate what is, and to meditate. Serious health conditions aside (and seeing as we're young, we're invincible anyways), smoking is a therapeutic tool, conversation starter, and an


This EP was actually released back in 2011, but was rereleased this year by Mercy, Happy Life records. The main draw here is Kandle’s voice; it’s strong and hearkens back to Nancy Sinatra - maybe a bit too much, as for the first three tracks of this EP, I had the impression that I was listening to slightly reworked versions of “These Boots Were Made For Walking.” Kandle also sounds a lot like a less-melancholy version of Warpaint, or like a slightly more depressed Best Coast, but without the weird dissonance and spoiled sweetness. “Play with Fire”, a swing-style Rolling Stones cover and the last track on the six-song EP, is cool and has some cute little hooks, but overall the album seems off-tempo due to what feels like a lack of solid vision between the instrumentalists and the singer. Also, the lyrics are not terribly strong; if Kandle had just hired a songwriter and told them the general direction she wanted the tracks to go in, this might have been a better

album. This is an album for illicit boozy picnics in the park; simply put, Kandle would be great to see live. Kandle has a lovely voice, rich and tonal. The songs themselves are full of raw emotion and energy, and would likely be well-suited to an outdoor venue and dark beer in brown paper bags. The production (done by her father, 54-40’s Neil Osbourne) is better suited to vocally driven rock performances, but actually works well with Kandle’s ghostly tones. However, without lyrical complexity or real range to the songs, the EP just sounds sort of flat, and gets annoying and repetitive after a couple of listens. Listen and let me know: am I on key or way off?


Chilly Gonzales is a beautiful musician in any genre. A Canadian treasure, he's made waves in genres from jazz to hip-hop to classical. However, at heart, he will always be a pianist. After having taught himself piano at age 3, Chilly (née Jason Beck) trained classically at McMaster University before moving to France to distance himself from the Canadian music scene. Having worked with Warner Canada and found them to be uninterested in creativity and more enamoured with sales, he played it solo for a while, recording hiphop songs and electronica. He eventually went back to his roots (with a twist) with Solo Piano in 2004, a record of original piano songs. He has since released four piano albums, Solo Piano II being the last of the set, and had numerous adventures. These include, but are not limited to: breaking the world record for longest solo-artist performance with an act of 27 hours, 3 minutes and 44 seconds; winning a piano battle against fellow Canadian musician Andrew W.K

by throwing a gold necklace at him; and having his song “Never Stop” featured on an Apple commercial for the iPad in 2010. He is also a member of the German hip-hop band Puppetmastaz in addition to his solo career. This ought to give you an idea as to the breadth and scope of his career and work: Chilly Gonzales is a man whose work often defies and reinvents genres. This new album is no exception, featuring gentle and caressing piano and thoughtful pauses. It was recorded in a 10-day studio session in Paris, France, and each track was reworked and rerecorded over and over again to ensure utmost clarity of tone and intent. Buy this album. It may not be the typical college review, but it is beautiful and full of feeling and gut-clenching moments. Listen to it on the bus, listen to it when you're doing your homework, get drunk to it. Just listen to it.

Top 20 Albums 1. Parallels - XII 2. Wax Mannequin - No Safe Home 3. The Caretakers- Love, War, and Propaganda 4. AC Newman - Shut Down the Streets 5. Mother Mother - The Sticks 6. The xx - Coexist 7. The Sheepdogs - The Sheepdogs 8. Rah Rah - The Poet’s Dead 9. Cat Power - Sun 10. Nuela Charles - Aware

11. Kreayshawn - Somethin ‘Bout Kreay 12. Amanda Palmer - Theatre Is Evil 13. Nu Sensae - Sundowning 14. Chilly Gonzales - Solo Piano II 15. Artichoke - Etchy Sketchy Skies 16. Sienna Dahlen - Verglas 17. Pet Shop Boys - Elysium 18. The Zolas - Ancient Mars 19. Lou Wreath - Exploding Diagram 20. Kandle - Kandle


Over the Edge •November 7th 2012


In this issue's edition of the Arts & Entertainment section, we will be discussing the benefits and drawbacks of having two cats. Write to Jordan about your favourite pets on the OTE Facebook page or at, and we'll try to feature them in the next issue! Better yet, write your own list of pet pros and cons and submit it! (Cats are welcome to submit reviews of their slaves.. err humans as well.) PRO: Two cats are better than one, because one is the loneliest number. CON: Two cats can be as lonely as one, it's the loneliest number of cats since the number one. PRO: Two cats will resent their captivity less, and always have a buddy to warm up with. CON: No matter how hard you try, you will always favour one cat over the other. The less favoured cat will

likely notice, and may become jealous, sad, or vindictive. Use this to your advantage. Loudly make speeches about the grandeur of the better cat, and refer to them as “Number one cat”. The less-loved cat will try to become more loveable by killing birds for you (thus lessening your need to go grocery shopping, natch) or by attempting to assassinate the better cat. Either one of these outcomes is favourable, although the latter generally has more entertainment value: it's like a free, furry version of Game Of Thrones, right there in your living room! (Caution: if your cats kill each other, you may not sue Over The Edge for a new cat.) PRO: Two cats will fill your apartment with the sounds of playfulness, loud meowing, barfing and all-around genial destruction, reminding you of fond first year residence experiences. CON: If your place of living

does not actually allow cats, you may get evicted. Solution: make the cats wear little outfits. If your landlord accuses you of harbouring fugitive felines, become offended and inform them that your twin children were simply born with extra hair and tails due to your love affair with a Yeti called Raoul. Go into long-winded detail about his broad furry shoulders and the romantic way he would dismantle villages to prove his affection. Threaten them with discriminatory practices if they attempt to press matters further. Tell them your children have very hairy uncles with extremely large hairy knuckles for added effect. PRO: Cats do not require walks or baths, and are generally less vocal about how much they need you than dogs. Cats are very lowmaintenance pets. CON: Cats are very lowmaintenance because they know how to amuse them-

selves, and it is almost any cat owner who can tell you a story of walking into their basement to discover a charming nuclear warhead factor and meth lab operation crafted adorably out of yarn and mouse bones. While taking your pooch on twice daily walks may seem like a beleaguering task, imagine the paperwork involved with trying to get your cats out of jail for international terrorism. Word to the wise: to avoid self-fulfilling prophecies, stay away from names such as Omeowa Bin Clawden, Adolf Kittler or Meow Zedong. Cats pick up on stuff like that. Also avoid overly cutesy or twee names such as Princess, Dolly or Mittens. Your cat will feel condescended to and kill you in your sleep. Slowly. PRO: Having a couple of cats is slightly less weird to mention to potential romantic prospects than, say, a tank full of fancy leeches or an illegal Rhinoceros. They're

fluffy, purr, and have giant eyes. All of these factors added together generally make a cat lover appear sympathetic and devilishly good in bed. CON: Cats often feel uncomfortable with change, and will take the necessary steps to prevent it. This can be anything from barfing in a new person's shoes if they overstay their welcome, to sabotaging your date by forwarding emails from your ex-significant other to the new interest. Best bet: for the opening few months of your relationship, rent a separate apartment for your cats to live in, or send them on an exciting Alaskan cruise in their warmest little sweatshirts. This will pay off in the long run, as you will not die alone. Surprise Bonus: if your love makes it through the initial stages of the cat trials, you can begin to subtly change them by way of your cats. For example, if your cat is prone


Learn to embrace the gallons of snot pouring from your face. Make a giant bucketful of tissues of that precious genetic material. Then, when your roommate comes home, dump that on their head, or leave it somewhere for them to step in. Misery loves company, and you'll be happy to have a buddy to slowly die with, even if they're scheming to kill you faster for getting them sick. Watch the new series of Red Dwarf: if you're unfamiliar with it, Red Dwarf was a long-running British TV show about a bizarre crew of five (or six, if you count Kristine) stranded in the middle of space. Wacky hijinks ensue, and Rimmer, Lister, Cat, Holly and Kryten must learn to live together and navigate space. It's a lot less boring than it sounds, and is actually a hilarious comedy that just happens to be situated in deep space starring a cat, a degenerate, a vending machine repairman hologram, a mechanoid, and a computer. Quotable lines: “Fish. Fish.” “Tetchy! Tetchy!” “It's better to have loved and lost than to listen to an album by Olivia NewtonJohn.”

Dizzily stand up, thinking that you should probably eat something, and attempt to make some food. Make something delicious. Realize that you won't be able to taste it and that you're dripping snot into the pan, and go back to your couch like the disgusting rat king that you are. Become complacent in your filthiness. Bask in it like Cleopatra, but with snot instead of milk. Adopt sweat pants and a snotted up old tshirt as your official robes, and hold court with the horrible little demons of all the obligations you are missing for this glorious opportunity. Never bathe. Bathing is for peasants, and beneath a royal member of the grease elite. After you've become a stinky horrible mess, demand that those who pretend they love you unconditionally masquerade this supposed affection. Most friends are fair-weather to a certain degree: tell your significant other or best friend that if they want you to continue pretending to care about their problems when you're healthy, they must slave over you in sickness. Slave is the operative word here: if the lure of your obviously stellar friendship powers

being lent to their miserable lives is not enough, threaten them with the biological warfare of your snot cannon, otherwise known as loogies. Sit there making threatening “HORK” noises until they submit to your every whim and provide you with all the blankets and chicken soup you need. Call your mother and make her send you a care package of cookies, lest you bring up the traumatic time she failed to get you a pony for Christmas. The people you call friends and family: sometimes they can prove to be useful. PRO TIP: If your significant other tries to demand something called “equality in this relationship”, or “nonservitude”, threaten them with sex. Tell them that their impassioned plea has made you feel really horny and that you know now that they will love you forever. Slowly strip your sweaty, snotty sweatpants off of your body (taking special care to leave your socks on) and rub your greasiness all over them, rubbing your snotty nose on their face. Sneeze a bit. They will understand how much easier it is to serve you than to be your enemy, and promptly get you a hot chocolate. The war between lovers: now featuring

biological weaponry. Wander out into the street in your pajamas and scare children as you pretend to be a big sick zombie. This will hopefully also extend your sickness, allowing you to continue laying in bed, drinking orange juice and emotionally abusing your friends and family in the most socially acceptable way known to human kind. Bonus points for commitment awarded if you actually succeed in gnawing a kid's leg off. Catch up on some reading, specifically whatever the people closest to you are reading. Entertain yourself by taunting them with clues as to the fates of their favourite characters. Find out where they hid all of their

leftover Halloween candy and, mixing it with butter, apply it as a poultice to your chest. When they furiously demand for replacement candy, cough pathetically and ask for some water. Say the candy helps you feel like you once did, before the plague. Catch up on some reading! I recommend humour fantasy and someone else's comic books (so that you don't get snot on yours.) Read smutty romance novels and awful murder mysteries. When the wreckage of your illness ends, claim it was all part of the fever to win back your dignity. Happy sickness from all of us at Over The Edge, here's hoping you can milk it for as much as you want.



November 7th 2012 • Over the Edge

beers with ben: Star Wars BEN FILIPKOWSKI COPY EDITOR

When I was four years old, sick at home with the flu, my parents looking after me, my father pulled on his boots and toque and went for a walk. In twenty minutes, he returned, carrying a plastic bag that held three mysterious videotapes. Once he'd dusted off the snow and warmed up a little, he handed the bag to me and told me to pull out the contents. The videotapes were the original Star Wars trilogy, unaltered and unmolested. Though hesitant, I remembered seeing the tapes sitting on the shelf of a family friend - Hondo (as was this friend's name) - had lent them to my father, keen to support a young boy's

introduction to the galaxy George Lucas had created. We put on the first tape. Though the screen on our television was small, I marvelled at the awe and spectacle of that first Star Destroyer filling the screen from corner to corner. Mouth agape, I watched as the Storm Troopers captured Princess Leia; I pulled my blankets closer when Darth Vader choked a man with his mind; I smiled when Han Solo returned to save the day. And when the credits rolled, I spoke six words that my father could only smile at: "Can we watch the next one?" So it began. Star Wars became my life. I wanted to be a Jedi, fighting the Sith with a lightsaber of my very own. I wanted to fly my own X-Wing, to meet the Ewoks, to play space-chess with Chewbacca.

When I was eight, I heard the news there was going to be a new Star Wars movie. It came out in 1999 - I remember because I, like young Anakin, was nine years old. In Edmonton for the summer, my parents took me to the only showing we could catch - one that ended at one in the morning. Though my mother probably hated it, she stuck it out, supporting my love of Star Wars and how my dad indulged it.

Reports of a seventh film are making the rounds online, as is the outrage of a number of Star Wars fans. This seems to be the last straw for many supporters, forced to deal with constant rereleases and updates to the series. It seems as though the Force is no longer strong with this one, in their eyes, but I'd argue something else. The Force will be with you - always.

I doubt I can adequately explain just how much this series meant and means to me; regardless of the quality of the prequel films, I still enjoy watching those. It's not about the quality, nor the merchandise, nor the money for me. It's about the memories, the escape. George Lucas sold his film company, Lucasfilm, to Disney on October 30th.

CUPE, Quebec and You: A Student’s Response As a former Quebec post-secondary student at Dawson College in Montreal I hope I can provide further insight to some of the strengths, but also the many weaknesses of the student movement in their province. On the one hand, the various student unions in Quebec have been so successful, particularly in this latest round of negotiations, because of their extraordinary organization. Case in point, while I was enrolled there, protests were organized to bus as many students as possible to the provincial capital to voice the concerns of students and mobilize their movement a full year before the student strike began. The student leaders are also very wellspoken, presentable, and responsible in both tone and manner when dealing with their own student constituency, the provincial government, and the media to get the right message out about what students go through with regards to tuition hikes. Quebec has also maintained a low tuition level in comparison to the other provinces because of prior generational struggles to advocate for student concerns. However, as an English-speaking student, I must shed light on the setback that many of my fellow students in Quebec will face as a result of the recent provincial election. Indeed, the Liberal tuition hike was “not an economical, but an ideological decision,” yet just as the new Parti Quebecois-led minority government has blocked the tuition fee increase, they are also introducing tougher laws limiting availability to English CEGEP colleges and further enforcing unilingual French laws. As a result, it will be more difficult to acquire a post-secondary education at an English-language institution in Quebec; for those who do manage to acquire a degree in English, obtaining a job within their home province will be even less like-

ly. I feel that this is also not an economical, but an ideological decision. It is a shame that while the new government is ensuring students will not be prohibited from attending college based on the size of their bank account and debt capacity, Premier Marois is attempting to prevent other students from attending college because of the language they prefer to learn in. I find it ironic that Eliane Laberge would come to British Columbia to speak to English schools about inconsistencies in government policy towards students when her movement has failed to advocate for the students at English CEGEPs and schools such as Concordia University. Not only that, the attitude of the new government there would not welcome English students to the same degree that Prince George welcomed the FECQ President. I hope she tells someone like Leo Bureau-Blouin, her predecessor as FECQ President and now a PQ Member of the National Assembly, that the platform the Pequistes campaigned on needs to be reassessed. I am in support of our own student union putting pressure on the provincial government to keep tuition affordable. I am also proud that our own student body puts decisions of responsible fiscal management to vote, such as the referendum on NUGSS fees earlier this year and both CFUR and OTE initiating fee hike referendums as well. That our own organizations such as these trust students to make the right choices on how much money is taken from our pockets for the common good is an excellent model for others. I do believe we can learn a lot from the Quebec student unions. Still, I hope that during her tour Ms. Laberge saw Englishspeaking students in the public education system as part of an expanding cross-country movement. I hope she will

reverse the course of the student union she leads to ensure that affordable and accessible education is a right for all Quebecers, not just the Quebecois.

Come listen to live music and support your student newspaper and radio station! November 15th, 2012, NUSC 6-354, 6-350 from 1-5 pm

Coffee Break 15

Over the Edge •November 7th 2012

(CUP) — Puzzles provided by BestCrosswords. com. Used with permission.


1- Get rid of; 5- Flora and fauna; 10- Like some history; 14- Golfer Ballesteros; 15- Aromatic compound; 16- Baum barker; 17- K-6; 18- Met highlights; 19- Digits of the foot; 20- Defer action; 23- Lymph _ ; 24- Attach by stitches; 25- Flight of steps; 28- Acid; 31- Zingers; 35- Secret stuff; 37- Brit. lexicon; 39- According to; 40- Boundary; 44- Stutz contemporary; 45- Modern address; 46- “That _ help”; 47- Good _ ; 50- DDE opponent; 52- Hives; 53- Yank’s foe; 55- Skin; 57- The act of gesticulating; 63- Graph prefix; 64- Seine spot; 65- Work without _ ; 67- Force; 68- Praying figure; 69- Back; 70- All-inclusive; 71- Strikes out; 72- Exclamation of fright;


1- Compass dir.; 2- Assist; 3- Always; 4- Raging; 5- Facial hair; 6- Sharon’s land;

7- Elevator man; 8- Milk source; 9- Bears the ictus; 10- Capital of Canada; 11- Dig like a pig; 12- Fit to _ ; 13- Acapulco article; 21- Horn-shaped bone; 22- Kan. neighbor; 25- Pelvic bones; 26- Attempts; 27- Greek physician, son of Xenon; 29- Plinth; 30- Essen article; 32- Bluffer’s ploy; 33- Light-colored hair; 34- _ Domingo; 36- _ Darya (Asian river);

38- Accomplished; 41- Madrid Mrs.; 42- Young fowl; 43- Of the third order; 48- Artificial; 49- Rainy; 51- Slat; 54- Two-legged support; 56- Bridge positions; 57- Manner of walking; 58- Cube creator Rubik; 59- Attention; 60- Caspian Sea feeder; 61- Dedicated to the _ Love; 62- Tide type; 63- Palm Pilot, e.g.; 66- It’s past due;


November 7th 2012 • Over the Edge

Cornered on Campus As the new semester is gearing up, we wonder just how long it takes for students to lose the motivation they started the semester with. As we get back into the groove of school – all-nighters, coffee stains and skipping classes

Over the Edge asks: What classes have you skipped so far, and why?

Shelley 2 2nd Year Political Science


3rd Year Math and Computer Science


4th Year Anthropology

Missed the first day of a class I am a TA for because I was in-flight over Canada. I’m having difficulty remembering which class it was now.


Stats 371, it’s a boring class with a bunch of engineers. Come on!

2nd Year Engineering

I skipped Friday, ‘cause it was Friday. I had stats, calc… and physical chemistry - I think.


POLS 257, Public law. I was at the Moose with the OTE gang.

5th Year General Studies

Forest and plant systems, because I was at the UNBC Farmer’s Market. P.S. Roy Rea and Hugues Massicotte are awesome profs!


4th Year Anthropology


2nd Year Biomed



3rd Year Biology

Intro to Aquatic Systems. It was sunny and I was outside, enough said.

Stats. I was test driving Iwama’s car.

4th Year Forestry

I missed the first week of school. I was in Yellowstone National Park and at a family wedding.

There’s a couple but they all have the same reason: my bed was more important.


4th Year Anthropology

INTS and POLS. I was just going to be late... but then one thing led to another and the whole day was a write off. Guess the background picture for a prize! Submit through

Over the edge volume 19 issue 5  
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