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Fall 2009

Humboldt State University







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CONTENTS Humboldt Green


Did you know Humboldt has its own form of currency?

Tap that!


HSU’s Take Back the Tap campaign reduces plastic bottles.

Putting the Love Back into Our Food


A local food craze is buzzing in Humboldt County.

Electric Vehicles


Forget about hybrids, electric vehicles use no gas at all.

Myth Busters


HSU Greek life dispels myths and stereotypes.

Grainy Goodness


Disposable camera plus HSU students equals this.

The Culture of Craft Brewing


Under 21


A story of locally brewed beer.

Don’t let your age stop you from having fun.

Let’s Get Some Shoes


The student body has some crazy shoes.

Top Shops


These Arcata shops are worth a stop.

The Internet and The Magazine Magazines may be done for.



A Tribute


In memory of Professor M. Wayne Knight.

Yelapa me Encanta


Discover this hippie vacation spot in Mexico.

Magical Moments on Moonstone Beach 38 Riding horses on the beach.



Viewer disrection advised... poor janitors.

Find Family


Learn how to do your genealogy.

This Shape Will Change the World


Michael Sheppard’s life work is now his son’s legacy.

Young Adults


Transitions from youth to adulthood.

The Hardly Strictly Bluegrass Festival 51 Blues at Golden Gate Park.

Woodstock Flashback


Music Reviews


Humboldt residents remember Woodstock.

Need new music in your life?

Osprey Staff

Photo by Jennifer MacKaben


The Osprey is a general interest magazine produced by students of Humboldt State University’s Department of Journalism and Mass Communication. It is funded by instructionally related activity fees and advertising revenue. HSU is an AA/EO institution. Opinions expressed are those of the authors and not necessarily those of Humboldt State University or the Department of Journalism and Mass Comunication.

Cover photo by Chris Tuite


A grassroots movement is creating artisic, local currency to stimulate Humboldt’s economy, but no one has ever heard of it. story by Chris Bennett Image courtesy of Duane Flatmo The interaction is simple. You have done it numerous times. You place the desired object on the counter and someone rings it up. Your hand reaches to your back pocket and pulls out your wallet. On previous occasions what you pulled out was a green piece of paper, denoted with numbers and the United States seal. This time, however, the green paper and noteworthy profiles are replaced with vibrant color and artwork. In your hand is money, and the cashier accepts it like any other dollar. You have just purchased something using community currency, and you walk out the door to enjoy your new acquisition. Six years ago one man, Fhyre Phoenix, saw the negative effects

All currency bills were designed by local artists. The fifty dollar bill was deisgned my artist Duane Flatmo, known for his murals around Humboldt County and the Lost Coast Brewery Labels.


of federal money and corporatism, and created The Humboldt Exchange Community Currency Project. What he designed was a whole new currency; one designed in an attempt to keep the wealth created by the exchange of goods and services within the local community. Through the use of a localized currency, the money is continuously circulated throughout Humboldt County, persuading residents from McKinleyville to Fortuna to shop at only local stores where the currency is accepted. This in turn ensures that small, locally owned businesses will have constant business and continue to be able to offer jobs to the local residents. Phoenix started having trouble managing everything by himself,

however, and finally in 2004, the project was turned into a non-profit organization as he relinquished power to Democracy Unlimited of Humboldt County. The DUHC, a grass-roots organization, was created in 1996 as a forum for change. It focuses on creating sustainability in local communities, bringing back authority to the people, and disallowing corporatism to dictate how the country is run. “We work together as a collective and strive to share decision-making authority and responsibility democratically,” said DUHC representative Grant Skoglund. Through the late ‘90s and early 2000s, DUHC was able to push the idea of a local currency, creating semi-annual newsletters and a Web Site, which allows businesses to join in and start using community

currency. The DUHC, with its dedicated staff and created sustainability and economic trade in the country, and resources, has helped spread the exchange program and it is completely isolated from the national currency. establish it as an alternative to U.S. currency. Local currency may be good for the community, but is it In less than a decade, the exchange has established more legal? The answer is short and sweet: yes. According to the than 70 businesses that accept community currency. “WellIthaca Hour program,”Local currencies are legal, and like known local stores like Big Pete’s Pizza and Adventure’s U.S. dollars, a form of taxable income. The Federal Reserve Edge take local currency today,” said Skoglund. The project and the Internal Revenue Service have no prohibitions on has gradually grown to an impressive size, local currencies, as long as their value is fixed with nearly $150,000 in circulation today. to the U.S. dollar, the minimum denomination The economic idea behind the currency is worth at least $1, and the bills do not look The concept behind a exchange is simple. We use alternative like federal money.” local currency is to keep currency all the time. From bus passes to Our own community currency is very locals shopping at locally colorful, with beautiful artwork. Some bills, gift cards, they all are forms of alternatives owned stores and not to U.S. currency. Whenever we buy like the five, depict beautiful locations around bigger retail stores, said something, the money is transferred Humboldt. Others have vibrant landscapes Humboldt State economic and slogans like,“In each other we trust.” from us to the companies we buy from. teacher Steve Hackett. The problem that Humboldt and other Even with the success of these local counties have is that people work and currencies, and the number of benefits a earn money, and then spend it at large community could gain, one problem still businesses like Target and Sears. persists with the Humboldt currency. Have “The concept behind a local currency you ever seen, let alone heard of it? is to keep locals shopping at locally owned stores and “The idea sounds good,” said sophomore Michael not bigger retail stores,” said Humboldt State economic Radenbaugh. “But I have never heard of this and I have professor Steve Hackett. lived in Humboldt my entire life.” The Humboldt Exchange allows companies to accept This is the Achilles heel of the Humboldt currency local currency for their products. Each company has its own project. With so few people knowing of its existence, the policies on when and how much community currency can project can’t function properly. “If locals don’t shop with be used, but the norm is for a store to accept partial payment the local currency, the money will accumulate at the local in Humboldt Currency and the rest in U.S. currency for stores, creating problems,” said Hackett. their products. This allows companies to have enough U.S. The difference between the Humboldt currency currency, as well as keep a percentage of each purchase in and other successful local currencies is accessibility the local economy in the form of community currency. and information. Even with a functioning website The idea of a local currency is not a new concept. There and periodical newsletter, “so few stores keep much of are more than 60 regions or small towns implementing the currency in their registers,”  said HSU senior Melissa some form of an alternative currency in addition to Pawson.The lack of a main depository accessible to people the federal U.S. currency. One of the more prominent leaves people unable to participate. “You really can’t find programs is being implemented in Ithaca, N.Y., home the currency,” said Pawson. “You either have to find it at a of the Hours project. The Hours program was started in store that has it or purchase it from the DUHC through the 1991 and is based on one’s labor. For one hour of work, a mail.” said Pawson.  person would receive 10 hours, or credits. Those credits Globalization and the creation of multi-national are recorded in a central network and can be used to conglomerates have increased in the last decade as purchase goods and services at locations that accept Hours, technology has advanced. People like Fhyre Phoenix see a according to problem with this and look to bring the focus back to the These forms of local exchange trading systems, or LETS, roots, to the small community. They want to ensure the have grown in popularity over the last decade. There are more existence of small, healthy communities, but steps must be than 40 in Canada and 250 in the United Kingdom. Most taken to increase the awareness of the currency and make LETS do not use any form of printed money, but instead it accessible to everyone. “I would like to use the currency people create a central network in which all transactions are and support local business,” said Radenbaugh. recorded. A person earns “credits” to do jobs like babysitting. For more information about the Humboldt community Then those credits are recorded and you would be able to currency project or the DUHC, check out the Humboldt spend them anywhere that accepts those credits. Exchange website at Thousands of miles south of Humboldt, down in the The idea is in motion, and Humboldt, like Ithaca, must warmth of Latin America sits the biggest community barter be willing to support local shops, local food and local system in the world. With more than 1 million participants, people in order for a local currency to work. “Thinking Argentina’s Red Global de Trueque, or Global Barter Network, local could solve all our problems,” said Skoglund. “It could spans numerous regions and communities in the country. help save jobs, save the environment and bring the power Weekly markets and bi-monthly regional markets have back to the people.”   


By Melissa Hutsell and Allyson Riggs Photos by Allyson Riggs

HSU Is Taking Back Tap Water Next time you’re dying of thirst, sip on tap water instead of bottled water. You just might help save the planet. The convenience of single-use plastic water bottles that fill the shelves of grocery stores, gas stations and vending machines is a fact few can argue with. But the frightening truth about plastic bottles is that they are a serious detriment to the environment. Choosing to turn on the tap instead of swiping your credit card to buy a bottle can save more than just money. It takes 2,000 times the amount of energy to produce a bottle of water than it does to pour yourself a glass from the faucet. Food and Water Watch, an international non-profit organization dedicated to ensuring clean water and safe food all over the world, concludes that it takes more than 50 million barrels of oil per year in order to produce the amount of plastic water bottles to meet the demands of consumers worldwide. Fifty million barrels of oil is equivalent to releasing 40 billion pounds of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. Locally, Humboldt State University exhausts 43 barrels of those 50 million barrels each year. That may not seem like much, but it’s the equivalent of releasing 35,300 pounds of carbon dioxide, or greenhouse gases, into the atmosphere. A major concern with the production of bottled water is the embedded energy


costs. That means the energy required to manufacture the plastic, purify the water, seal and label the bottles, transport the water to a store near you, and cool the water prior to drinking. Bottled water doesn’t just magically appear on store shelves. That energy is supplied by fossil fuels, which means oil. Although the convenience of grabbing a plastic water bottle from the Depot on the way to your next class may save a few minutes out of your day, it will take the Earth thousands of years to decompose the same bottle it took you seconds to purchase. According to the Food and Water Watch, only 14 percent of plastic water bottles are recycled each year in the United States. The other 86 percent goes straight into landfills, where dangerous chemicals from the plastic can easily leach into and pollute the earth. A small group of socially conscious citizens at HSU is trying to raise awareness about the environmental ramifications of our abundant use of single-use plastic bottles. HSU Take Back the Tap (TBTT) is an initiative started by students aimed at reducing the purchase and use of singleuse plastic water bottles. Its methods include promoting the consumption of local tap water, encouraging the use of refillable drinking containers and educating students, faculty and staff about

the harms of bottled water. Natalynne Delapp, founder of HSU TBTT, spawned the idea of a campuswide movement to decrease the use of bottled water last spring as part of her Environmental Science capstone class senior project. Similar bottled water elimination programs, like UC Berkeley’s I Heart Tap Water campaign and CSU Chico’s Take Back the Tap, provided a source of inspiration as well as information for Delapp’s program. “People feel daunted about the state of our environment and the world,” said Delapp. “They don’t feel like they have the power to change things, but simple, everyday choices that we make really can have a positive effect on the environment.” Delapp’s idea turned into a grant proposal to the Humboldt Energy Independence Fund (HEIF), which then awarded TBTT with money to produce educational videos about the energyintensive nature of bottled water. “The grant really laid the structural foundation for the campaign into the future,” said Delapp. “Because the grant had certain parameters that needed to be fulfilled to make us a viable candidate, it really created our campus campaign.” Since its conception, HSU TBTT has grown significantly and has two other branches. TBTT has partnered with the Campus Recycling Program (CRP), and

WATER BOTTLES (counterclockwise from left) Students Dominic Villet, Molly Newkirk and Michael Mortl use re-usable water bottles because of convenience, affordability and environmental concerns. (top right) HSU Takes Back the Tap founder Natalynne Delapp demonstrates her activism. “The health and safety of bottled water are lower than the health and safety of tap water, but the aesthetics are high,” she said. “It looks good and tastes good, but bottled water isn’t good.”

also works with a Take Back the Tap club managed by HSU students, which Delapp calls a “creative think tank furthering the message and mission.” The campaign also works with the current Environmental Science capstone class recruiting new students to promote the cause. Delapp, who graduated from HSU last spring, is no longer heading the campaign, but still works in an advisory role for TBTT. Current TBTT coordinator and senior Environmental Policy Water Resource major Sarah Schneider has much to say about bottled water and its effect on the environment and society. “These companies are pulling the wool over our eyes, making us think it’s healthier water when it’s not,” she said about bottled water. Water that is contained in plastic bottles is constantly being warmed and re-cooled, she said. Over time, changing temperatures cause chemicals from the plastic bottle to be released into the water, and most bottles do not have an actual expiration date. Schneider believes that this is a betrayal of the public’s trust. But how do you fight the preconceptions of a public that is so dependent on this widely produced good? Bottled-water drinkers, Delapp and Schneider have surmised, rely so heavily upon single-use bottles because of the stigma of tap water and drinking fountains. Tap water that comes from pipes often tastes funny, making people mistakenly believe that the water is unhealthy. Many fountains on campus are ill-maintained or look old, which causes many to avoid using them as well.

Fortunately, HSU’s TBTT has an idea that might help give tap water a facelift. With a donation from Haws Corporation, a Berkeley-based company that manufactures and sells environmentally safe drinking fountains, TBTT recently installed HydrationStations in the Depot and in the Kinesiology building. A HydrationStation is an eco-friendly, hands-free and hygienic water dispenser that provides easy access to filtered water. “Not only do they remove the taste of tap water that some people don’t like,” said Delapp, “but they are also clean and they can help overcome people’s perception of drinking tap water.” Delapp hopes that by installing these stations in places people

are likely to purchase bottled water, tap water will finally be able to compete. The HydrationStations will give the campus a free and environmentally friendly alternative to plastic. Juliene Sinclair, co-director of HSU TBTT, said that the issue reaches far beyond the campaign on campus. “I chose to get involved with TBTT because I am passionate about the campaign against unnecessary degradation of the environment,” she said. “I think that any impact has the potential of becoming huge.” HSU Takes Back the Tap may be fighting a global issue, but in the end, the solution is simple: doing your part to help the planet is as easy as turning on your tap.


photo by Rowan Copley

Story by Rowan Copley Photos by Alex Gautreaux

Putting the Love Back into Our Food Ever wondered why there are more “health foods” on store shelves and why people are crazier than ever about avoiding whatever food it is they consider criminally unhealthy? As Michael Pollan declares in his recent book “In Defense of Food,” we’re a nation unhealthily obsessed with healthy eating - a disorder now referred to as Orthorexia nervosa. This movement toward greater concern for eating healthily has been steadily gaining steam since the ‘70s, when Americans began to steadily gain pounds. But there’s another movement underway in this country that’s a lot less visible - the local food movement. Nowhere is it more visible than in Humboldt County. There’s a local foods community in Arcata - not to mention the others in Eureka and McKinleyville. Walk into a the Co-op or Wildberries or, hell, the Safeway in Eureka, and you’ll see an impressive number of locally made products. The Safeway only has two shelves of local foods in the back, as if to say “gosh, isn’t this special,” but in Wildberries and the Co-op, local foods spring up all over the place. Being from a family for whom food has always been important, I decided it would be fun to visit some farms and explore the variety of local food producers in this corner of the Pacific Northwest.

I visited Redwood Roots on a sunny and hot Sunday afternoon, to take a tour of the grounds. We passed two greenhouses devoted to growing tomatoes strung up in the air, a Kid’s Garden where classes from local schools can learn about farming, and a small apple orchard. The owner, Janet Czarnecki, toured us through the farm and explained how the farmers made the Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) work. CSAs are a way for people who want to buy produce locally to invest in a farm before the growing season begins. Customers get a deal on the produce because they ponied the cash up front, and the farmer doesn’t have to worry about whether they’ll sell enough at the Farmers’ Market or whether they’ll be able to afford to pay for all the up-front costs of starting a growing season. Czarnecki then explained how even though she grows everything organically, she had decided not to get certified by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) because of the high cost. She said that most of her customers could just visit her farm and see for themselves. She paused at the strawberry patch and told us we could all have two strawberries, and damn, were they juicy and flavorful. To be sold on small-scale farms, all one really has to do is try the food. A farm can only pull off that kind of flavor if it isn’t mass-producing fruits and vegetables. “A lot of people around here are growing their own food for quality control reasons,” said Laurie Levey, a local farmer selling produce and homemade jam at the Arcata Farmers’ Market. “They’re getting exactly the varieties they want. They’re not depending on someone A CORNUCOPIA The Arcata Farmers’ Market on the Plaza, which is held every Saturday April 11 through Nov. 21, is the perfect place to shop for all your local produce needs.

else for their quality.” I had been lured to Levey’s stall for her farm, Flying Blue Dog Farm, with promises of a free spicy jam sample. The table bloomed with the reds, oranges, yellows and greens of a cornucopia of hot peppers - which stood out from the gloom on this foggy gray day. She admitted that it was hard to make a decent income farming, that it has to be a labor of love more than anything else. “If I sat down and figured out how much I made an hour, I’d weep.” So then why do so many farmers explain to you exactly how you can grow what they grow in your backyard? This wouldn’t make sense from a business point of view since it seems to make it easier for potential customers to not buy produce from you. But one of the key philosophies of the local food movement is to reduce the distance between the eater and the grower or maker. Apparently, though, the more you get your feet wet with freshly grown food, the more you want to dive in. “The more people grow their own food, the more they understand the energy we put in it, the more they understand and appreciate good quality food from bad,” Levey explained. “The more they understand quality, the more it helps us.” I’ve had previous experience with organic farms. My family is part of a CSA where we live in Maryland, and I used to volunteer at the organic farm that produced the CSA. When I first started it was just fun; the people running the farm were ridiculously nice and getting outside and away from my computer monitor felt refreshing. It was fun and I liked learning how to grow things. So I was excited to hear about the Arcata Educational Farm, designed to teach people how to run a farm. I visited the Arcata Ed Farm, as it’s called, on a crisp morning in October. My first impression as I stepped in through the gated fence was that this farm was tiny. I could have walked across the fields in under a LIVING + LEARNING ON THE LAND Twenty-year-old Keo Skudlarickhe (right) works at the Arcata Educational Farm, located off Samoa Boulevard. He says he lives for the Hawai’lan motto that translates to “the life of the land is perpetuated in righteousness.” Tomatoes are hung from the top of the greenhouse (far right) to prevent them from suffocating each other.

minute. Did this farm really feed many people? Apparently, yes. “We’ve got 50 to 60 shareholders,” said Rio Patton, the current farm manager. “We have less shareholders than the other two main CSAs, and we have less land and less people with less experience.” But the Arcata Ed Farm’s purpose isn’t to be a major supplier of food to the community. Its purpose is more grand than that - to train farmers and develop a community of local food. It’s the same selfless philosophy shared by lots of food producers around here, but by no means is the Humboldt food community completely unique. The local food movement here “is huge,” said Henry Robertson, who brines olives harvested in the region and sells them under the cottage industry brand Henry’s Olives. “And it’s happening all over the country. We have one of the tightest food communities.” “I think we need to build habits and a culture around foods that are produced in this region,” said Jennifer Bell, who has a foodbased radio show on local public radio station KHSU, Fridays on the Homepage. “That will move us to sustainability and will allow us to eat better, fresher food that is adapted to this area without the need for long-distance transportation... One area I am exploring is the need to capture the traditional food culture -- I am interested in developing a project to archive people cooking their traditional foods and hearing the stories that go along with the foods. Many people have lost their family recipes and traditions over the years and it is a tremendous loss to our society and culture.” In the end, what the food community in Humboldt is doing reflects what the food movement is about - getting back to roots. Even if you can’t grow your own vegetables, you can at least know the farmers who do, and visit their farm and eat their strawberries.

Electric Power 12 47

it’s for more than just golf carts


SWEET RIDE A leading solar installer in Humboldt County, converted this ‘65 Volkswagen into an all-electric vehicle 10 years ago in order to cut down on gas consumption.

Story by Tyler Collins Photos by Alex Gautreaux

ots of times you see things before you hear them. Imagine seeing a car driving toward you down the street--you don’t hear a thing and never do, even after it passes you. There are no sounds of pistons jumping up and down, belts spinning, or fans humming- only the glide of tires on asphalt can be heard. People might wonder what is driving past them, and the answer is an electric vehicle, also known as an EV. Different from a hybrid, EVs are completely battery-run and use no gas at all. A hybrid switches back and forth between gas and electric, still burning and consuming fuel. EVs are growing increasingly popular, especially in Humboldt County. The Humboldt Electric Vehicle Association (HEVA) estimates that about 15 to 20 highway-ready EVs are on the road, and they are proving to be an affordable and eco-friendly mode of transportation. “Electric vehicles are much cheaper than gas,” said Kevin Johnson, a local HEVA member and owner of a converted 1984 VW Rabbit. “It costs about two and a half cents per mile to charge an EV, compared to around 15 to 20 cents for a gas car, and even more for a truck or SUV.” Some owners of these vehicles also choose to power their homes with alternative energy sources such as solar panels, which help cut the cost of at home charging down to almost nothing. “It takes usually seven to 15 years to pay off your solar panels at home,” said Johnson. “But with the money I saved on gas, I had mine paid off in only five.” As daunting as converting a gas-powered car into an electric one may seem, it is actually much simpler than one might think. Roger, one of the more knowledgeable EV enthusiasts in the area, who also helps out with at-home conversions from gas to electric, said, “I know nothing about cars, and I can convert cars to electric” (Editors note: Roger is his full, legal name). After the engine and all of its components are removed, new sources of power are installed. Lead acid or lithium batteries are installed for the power, an electric motor acts like an engine, a controller connects the two and regulates power, and adapted acceleration and braking lines are installed. These five parts generally run anywhere from $6,000 to $10,000, but will pay themselves off easily within the lifespan of the vehicle. Also charging is as easy as plugging into any wall socket. EVs are not just a homemade concept. Dozens of companies are popping up around the world, such as Tesla and GEM, with a large price range that goes from in the thousands to the hundreds of thousands. Like a car battery, batteries will need to be replaced. Replacement rates depend on your type of batteries. Lead acid batteries need to be replaced every four to seven years, while longer lasting lithium batteries can go longer between replacements. A common misconception about electric vehicles is that they do not have the power and speed of gas vehicles. Johnson disagrees. “An EV is just like any other car,” he said. “Some cars go fast, and some cars go slow.” Many electric cars actually have much lower torque. Because of this low-end torque, a manual transmission EV can usually use just first through third gears. Going on average anywhere from 25 to 50 miles on a charge,


RAD POWER BIKES (left) Owner of Rad Power bikes Mike Radenbaugh and author Tyler Collins test out two of Radenbaugh’s models on Sept. 21. (middle) The motor of a Rad Power bike. (right) Radenbaugh takes a spin on one of his models on Sept. 21.

the range of an EV is much less than a gas car. But, considering that the average persons’ daily commute in the country is only 16 miles a day according to ABC News, it is not bad at all. “An EV could do 80 to 90 percent of America’s daily commuting. These are often better commuting vehicles than a gas car. There’s absolutely no idling, so stop-and-go traffic is not an issue at all,” said Roger. Also, the average United State’s household owns 2.2 cars, according to MSNBC. If any longrange driving does need to be done, the secondary gas car could easily be used. For those who choose to only have an EV, though, EV-charging stations are beginning to pop up nationwide, including Humboldt County. Charging stations are already up in Arcata behind the fire station, and also in Trinidad, allowing drivers to park and fully charge their vehicle in just a couple of hours. Plans for stations are also being made for Eureka and Fortuna for even more opportunities to charge. A lack of charging stations is no reason to discourage long-range travel,


though. With such a low cost for a charge, travelers on the road usually have no problem finding more-than-willing people to let them charge. “For the most part, people are very excited and willing to let you plug in,” said Roger. “If there is any hesitation, or people are worried about the cost, I always offer five or 10 bucks, which realistically is far more than it will even cost them.” Cars are not the only form of EV. Electric-powered bicycles and other vehicles are becoming more and more popular on a national and local scale. Small vehicles and utility trucks are on the rise on the Humboldt State campus, being used by maintenance staff, along with the transportation of disabled students around campus. Humboldt native and HSU sophomore Michael Radenbaugh founded Rad Power Bikes, producing lithium battery-powered bikes of all sizes. These bikes range from dual-suspension downhill mountain bikes to beach cruisers and tandems. “I started making these about two years ago just as a personal hobby,” said

Radenbaugh. “After a little while of riding them around, people started asking if they could buy them.” Known as E-bikes to Radenbaugh, these generally run around $1,500, depending on the level of power and number of batteries. Almost all have a range of about 25 miles per charge and can have a speed anywhere from 20 to 40 MPH. “Unless I have to go out of town, I don’t even really use my car at all,” Radenbaugh said. “Arcata is perfectly set up for both biking and electric vehicles, which is really nice, and having a help getting up the hills is always nice too.” Oil is not forever, and it’s also not getting any cheaper. We will have to at some point find a new way to power our vehicles. Sure, many car companies are coming out with hybrids, which are a help, but hybrids still burn gas. HEVA members agree that EVs are one of the many ways to cut back on the use of fuel while still being able to freely commute. Lots of things can help out the planet, but converting a gas car into an electric is the ultimate form of recycling.


very semester, clubs set up tables on the quad hoping to recruit new members. For the fraternities and sororities on campus, new members can expect to find more than just a club— many members express gaining a sense of family and comfort while they are so far from home. “I went into the sorority not expecting a lot. I never had good female friends before, but now I have 30,” said Adrienne Lopez, a senior and member of the sorority Delta Phi Epsilon. Humboldt State University is seeing a rising trend in student interest in Greek organizations. This fall marks the first semester that Beta Sigma Epsilon is recognized as a fraternity and it is the fourth year for fraternity Lambda Thea Phi. Currently, a new special interest group, Lambda Alpha Theta, is trying to gain recognition as a sorority. Antonia Chacon, a senior from Gamma Alpha Omega and chair for the Greek Council, said that the turnout for the Greek informational night was larger than before. Fraternities and sororities have been present on Humboldt State University’s campus for 50 years, but are generally small in numbers. The organizations are focused on community service and helping their own members feel at home at HSU. There is zero tolerance for hazing within the Greek organizations at HSU, and each semester all members are required to attend workshops on prevention of hazing and use of alcohol. Out of the five active Greek organizations, four are dry, meaning that they do not allow alcohol at functions. “It’s just different [for Greeks here],” said Chacon. “This school is very alternative, and people are surprised we have Greeks.” Benefits from joining a Greek organization include: being able to connect with a large alum network after graduation, finding a sense of family at school and getting a chance to give back to the community on a weekly basis. While the Greeks at HSU are not nearly as large as those at other schools, each organization strives to accomplish the same things.

Story by Lauren Perez

History at HSU

The first fraternity on campus, Delta Sigma Phi, arrived in 1959 and Tau Kappa Epsilon followed in 1960. While none of the current sororities or fraternities Photo by Chris Tuite


live in official houses in Arcata, the Tau Kappa Epsilon members did. Kacie Flynn, a senior from Delta Phi Epsilon, explained that in order to have an official house, members would also need to pay to support the house, which would cause dues to go up. It is unknown when Tau Kappa Epsilon officially left, and it is estimated that Delta Sigma Phi dispersed in 1985. There is no clear record of why either is no longer in existence at HSU.

students an identity on campus. “We wanted a system to help the success and retention of Native men,” Lance Britton, a senior and founding member, said. “We also wanted security – to give members a family and make others feel comfortable.”

he believes they did come back largely because of the fraternity. “Establishing something that has never been done before has only strengthened us as a group,” he said.

Chi Phi

During his freshman year, Derek Gauntlett tried a WING NITE Clockwise from top left: Tyler Evans, Justin Bell, Vincent Ramirez, Derek Gauntlett (club president), and Taylor Fong enjoy their meal during “Wing Nite” at Humbrews on October 14.

Greeks at Other Universities

Together, there are more than 100 students actively involved in a Greek organization, which is not even 2 percent of the university’s student population. This pales in comparison to schools where the Greek system is a large and integral part of student life. At Arizona State University, 15 percent of students are part of a Greek organization and at the University of Oregon, 13 percent of students are members. Mauri Osborne arrived at Oregon State University not knowing anyone and experienced the benefits of networking through the Greek system. “Now I can say I easily know hundreds of amazing people. Being Greek has helped me get my first college job, my first internship, and my first job out of college,” she said. Hannah Truitt from the University of Oregon joined a sorority during her sophomore year to have a way to be involved on campus and to be able to give back to the community. “I think that it helps some students find their place among a ton of new people,” Truitt said. “University of Oregon has around 20,000 students, and with a student body that big it helps to have a smaller community to connect with.”

Beta Sigma Epsilon

Beta Sigma Epsilon is the newest fraternity on campus and the first for Native American students to open in California. It was established in spring 2009 to help give Native American


Photo by Chris Tuite

The organization is nationally few different clubs before finding the right one. He knew he wanted to be actively recognized as a Native American involved with a group on campus. He had fraternity, although Britton said it is a lot in common with his Chi Phi pledge not an absolute requirement to be class, and it became obvious that it was the Native American. Since the goal of best choice for him. the organization is to try to change Chi Phi is currently negative stereotypes, the oldest fraternity on prospective members campus and has been are judged based an active chapter since on their interest, The negative stereotypes of 1987. It is also a “social commitment and loyalty to the issue. sororities shown in the media, fraternity,” meaning that Britton stressed like movies ‘The House Bunny’ a portion of its dues go the importance of and ‘Sorority Row’ [make it] a toward social activities. Activities can include the group working constant struggle to go against anything from going to together. “Since we meet with other chapters, are working to change the stereotype. going camping or having negative stereotypes, a barbecue. Even though just one person can the fraternity is not dry make a difference,” – meaning that members he said. The members over the age of 21 are allowed to drink at make time for brotherhood events like social functions – the majority of their barbecues or watching football games. “We take care of each other like family,” activities and all of their recruitment events, do not involve alcohol. “If you Britton said. “We always settle arguments need to have alcohol at every event, what and don’t let things come between us.” does that say about your event or group?” “Now we have an identity. Before it was said Gauntlett. uncomfortable and hard to be a Native student at HSU,” Britton said. He added Chi Phi was one of the first fraternities in the United States and boasts more than that some members were considering 40,000 alums. The access to this large not returning to HSU after summer, and

of many service opportunities through community members who call the sorority asking for volunteers. She hopes that the more the sisters get their name out in a positive way, the more people will associate the sorority with the things they do for the community. Flynn said, “The negative stereotypes of sororities shown in the media, like movies ‘The House Bunny’ and ‘Sorority Row’ [make it] a constant struggle to go against the stereotype.”

Gamma Alpha Omega

Photo by Ben Jackson

GROOMING Layla Valenzuela and Jennifer Lau groom Dreamer before he is saddled up Saturday Sep. 26. The sorority works with the disabled community giving trail rides and lessons.

network has allowed Gauntlett to meet people he otherwise would not have. Gauntlett was in the Bay Area when a man recognized the Chi Phi sticker on his car. The man, who had become a Chi Phi in college, gave Gauntlett his business card and told Gauntlett to contact him if he ever needed a job. “He knew because we belonged to the same fraternity that we would have the same values and I would be someone he would want to hire,” he said.

Antonia Chacon joined Gamma Alpha Omega the second semester of her freshman year. She liked the aspect of the group getting along and working together. “It keeps me coming back to Humboldt,” said Chacon, now a senior at HSU. The sorority is also service-based, with an emphasis on helping members graduate and serving the youth in the community. Like Delta Phi Epsilon, the Gammas try to find some form of community service every Saturday. They work with the Elder Center and have done the National Down Syndrome Society Buddy Walk for the past three years. Community members looking for volunteers can contact the Gamma Alpha Omega community service chair with project ideas.

Lambda Theta Phi

Lambda Theta Phi began at HSU in the fall of 2003 and became a fraternity in 2005. The fraternity is open to all

male college students, and even though it is Latino-based, it does not judge based on heritage. The brothers make sure that the new member takes at least one semester to get to know the fraternity and make sure it’s a good match before making the commitment. “Freshmen are impressionable, and we want to make sure this is what they want because membership is for a lifetime,” said Christopher Lobo, a senior from Lambda Theta Phi. Lambda Theta Phi primarily volunteers to promote Latino awareness and help Latino students. This semester they participated in Dia de Los Niños where members bought toys for kids and volunteered at the Latino Health Fair. The brothers also make sure that everyone feels like a family by going on retreats, watching sports together and just hanging out. When Noe Cabrera came to HSU for orientation, he hadn’t found a place to live yet. While at orientation, he met a founding brother from Lambda Theta Phi and they learned that they had grown up within two blocks of each other in Southern California. The brother not only told Cabrera about the fraternity, but he also helped him find a place to live. When the semester started, Cabrera met the rest of the brothers and later joined. “They gave me a sense of family and made it more comfortable to feel at home here,” Cabrera said. Photo by Alex Gautreaux

Delta Phi Epsilon

Kacie Flynn came to HSU knowing that she wanted to be a part of something big and that would carry out over time. She walked by the Delta Phi Epsilon table on the quad one afternoon during her freshman year and began talking to one of the members, who eventually became her “Big Sister.” “I wanted to focus on one thing and have it be a big thing that carried throughout college,” she said. “You gain a family when you join a Greek society and you can stay active after graduation.” Delta Phi Epsilon is a community service-based sorority that has been active at HSU since 1988. The members make it a goal to perform some type of service weekly. Flynn said that the members hear

MEXICAN FOOD HSU’s Gamma Alpha Omega Sorority sells warm plates of taquitos, rice and beans and Mexican candy to spectators during the Oct. 17th homecoming football game in Redwood Bowl.


A disposable camera was left on a campus bench for HSU students to take pictures of whatever they wished. This is what we got.



LOST COAST BREWERY Lost Coast beer ferments in these 150-barrel drums before it is ready to drink. The company brews eight different beers at a time, producing more than 48,000 barrels a year.

The Culture of Craft Brewing

Why breweries mix well with humboldt

Story by Matt Hawk Photos by Allyson Riggs We live secluded lives in Humboldt County. It’s no secret. This isolation has its advantages and disadvantages. One advantage is our unfettered culture – a community of people relatively free of control, inspired to create something unique. No other business feeds off this creative nonconformity better than the craft brewing industry. A craft brewery is small, independent and traditional. By definition, the business seems uniquely Humboldt. It is independent and imaginative, and stays close to its roots and community.


There are four craft breweries in Humboldt County. From north to south: Six Rivers in McKinleyville, Mad River in Blue Lake, Lost Coast in Eureka, and Eel River in Fortuna. “There’s a culture that exists in the industry that doesn’t exist in other industries,” said Briar Bush, general manager of Lost Coast Brewery. The closed-off culture that exists in Humboldt creates an artisanal atmosphere. “It’s very, very unique,” Bush said.

Origins of the Craft The art of brewing beer goes back to the Egyptians. The craft made its way to North America with the English in the 1660s. From the beginning, the

bar served as a local meeting place in small towns, a place to get together and communicate. Taverns popped up all along the Eastern seaboard. In America’s infancy, our founding fathers congregated in pubs across the newfound country to disseminate information, discuss political ideas and ratify a Constitution. A small brewery existed in Humboldt County 100 years ago. Bush said every community had a brewery back then. Because of a lack of technology and isolation, if you wanted beer you had to brew it. Small breweries disappeared with the advent of machinery and mass production. In the late 1970s, many breweries consolidated into few, leaving only 44

breweries to quench nationwide thirst. According to the Brewers Association, experts predicted the number would soon dwindle to five. As large brewers consolidated, the popularity of home brewing grew. The only way Americans could sample some of the rare tastes and traditions of the world was to create them. Barbara Groom is one of those Americans. She got into the art of craft brewing after the foundations of the industry took hold in the consciousness of the consumer. Several home brewers became successful in opening their own breweries and Groom knew she could LOST COAST BREWERY replicate that success. As an adult, Groom became a Surrounded by hundreds of cases, Briar Bush, general manager of the Lost Coast Brewery, pharmacist, but she grew tired discusses his passion for beer. of her “boring” job. After the opening of the Mendocino Brewery in 1984, she realized that she too could open a brew house. “I thought ‘that looks fun’,” she said. Six years of devouring books, visiting breweries up and down the West Coast from Canada to Oregon, and several home batches later, Groom became the first woman in America to open a craft brewery – the now well-known Lost Coast Brewery.

Independent, Imaginative and a Little Quirky Walking into the Lost Coast Brewery LOAST COAST BREWERY SIX RIVERS BREWERY you smell the Lost Coast Brewery regular Ted Larson Brewmaster of Six Rivers Brewery, Carlos Sanchez, conversion of starches loves the ambiance, food, and beer of the into sugars in the restaurant. He says he enjoys the conviviality holds a handfull of hops grown in Yakima, Wash. He loves the oily texture and pungent fragrance of the hops. mash tun, a giant of the regular clientele. machine that works like a coffee filter separating the liquid several massive, smooth, steel, v-shaped brew eight beers at a time. from the mash. Wheat and barley tickle fermenters. The beer takes two weeks The art of brewing beer is exactly that, an your nostrils as you weave in and out of from start to finish, and Lost Coast can art. The Brewers Association calls


that was brown, not with just food coloring, and I wanted to make a beer that went well with pizza,” she said. No longer able to run around at the brewery, Groom entrusts a staff of 40 to keep her original recipes flowing. But she does not restrict creativity. “I like to stimulate creation,” she said. Lost Coast’s restaurant often offers special seasonal beers that are created by the brewers. Unlike Groom, Meredithe Maier does not brew or create the beer at Six Rivers Brewery. As co-owner of Six Rivers Brewery in McKinleyville, Maier relies on Brewmaster Carlos Sanchez to create masterpieces that attract locals and travelers alike. SIX RIVERS BREWERY “I got a lot of tricks up my Co-owner of Six Rivers Brewery Meredithe Maier tends sleeve, ” said Sanchez. the bar behind a sampler of some of Six Rivers’ best. The brewery at Six Rivers is comparatively innovation the “hallmark” of craft beer. different from that of Lost Coast. The “Craft brewers interpret historic styles with Brewers Association considers Six Rivers a unique twists and develop new styles that “brewpub” – a brewery that sells more than have no precedent,” the association’s Web 25 percent of its beer on-site and brews site states. fewer than 15,000 barrels a year. Groom said she created all of the Lost Coast qualifies as a regional craft traditional Lost Coast beers with this brewery, as it sell most of its beer off-site principle in mind. “My goal is to create and brews more than 15,000 barrels a a well-balanced beer,” she said. Groom year. In contrast, Six Rivers brews more designed Downtown Brown with something than 1,200 barrels a year, while Lost Coast special in mind. “I wanted to create a beer brews about 48,000. MATT’s RECOMMENDATIONS There are so many good beers to choose from, so here are some recommendations in no particular order. Drink up and don’t be choosey. Great White from Lost Coast – An unfiltered beer with a golden color. Flavored with liberty hops and topped with a hint of citrus, coriander and a secret blend of Humboldt herbs. Moonstone Porter from Six Rivers – A deep mahogany color, robust and malty with a smooth chocolaty finish. Steelhead Extra Pale Ale from Mad River – A bright golden hued ale with a medium body and a crisp spicy/floral hop character and very mild bitterness. Raspberry Lambic Belgian Ale from Six Rivers – A beer made with over 400 pounds of raspberries in a seven barrel batch. Aged in oak barrels. Açaí Berry Wheat from Eel River Brewery – A new light-bodied wheat ale brewed with organic açaí berries from Brazil, and a flavorful mix of four other organic berries. Açaí berries boast high antioxidant properties.


I’m never ever going to do anything but make beer.

- Carlos Sanchez

Six River’s equipment is on-site and much smaller than Lost Coast’s. “It’s kind of a Frankenstein brewery,” Sanchez said. But he more than makes do with what he has. The small brewery allows him the space to explore the many tastes and traditions of beer. Sanchez’s Kona Moonstone Porter won the gold medal for best coffee-flavored beer at the 2005 Brewers Association Great American Beer Festival. He won the silver in 2004 for best chili flavored beer with his Chili Pepper Ale, which he created by roasting several different varieties of chilies before adding them to the mash. On a sunny October afternoon, the Six Rivers brew area smells of sweet pumpkin spice, malt and hops. Sanchez stands by the mash tun keeping an eye on the cut and roasted pumpkins he mixed earlier in the day with barley. He throws back a pumpkin ale he said he got from a friend in Vermont. “Mine will be better,” he boasts. With 20 years of experience, the limits of Sanchez’s imagination seem endless. He’s created beers for his boss’ newborn children, and he’s created separate beers with pounds of raspberries, chilies, and now pumpkins. “I can brew anything I want,” Sanchez said.

Connecting With the Community The Brewers Association encourages craft breweries to be involved in their communities through philanthropy, product donations, volunteerism, and sponsorship of events. Groom thinks that is the most important thing Lost Coast does. “The whole point of a business is to hire local people and invest in local businesses,” she said. “The dollar goes around six times when you invest it locally.” To support the community, Groom said she volunteers her time and money

LOST COAST BREWERY A Lost Coast employee works with empty kegs which go through a three-step process of purging, sanitizing, and filling. to almost every non-profit organization in Humboldt. She sits on the board of six local non-profits and donates kegs to a variety of organizations for use at fundraising functions. Maier said she believes in giving to the community too. “We usually donate four to 10 half-barrels a week to organizations,” she said. Some examples include Brew at the Zoo, Surf 4 Peace, and Wolfstock. “I love being around the community and I love beer,” said Maier. “The McKinleyville community is amazing.” Both Lost Coast and Six Rivers invest in the community with their choice of ingredients in the breweries’ food as well. They both buy local grass-fed beef for hamburgers, and Groom said she also purchases cheese from Loleta and chips from Bien Padre. Both women said they frequent the Farmers’ Market as well. Ted Larson visits the Lost Coast Brewery restaurant at 617 4th Street in Eureka almost every day, and has since before the turn of the millennium. “It’s a religion,” he said. While enjoying the atmosphere of the restaurant, Larson sits on a stool at the bar drinking from his personalized Lost Coast mug and chats with his friend, Lee Chappelle. Larson said the brewery is a local business in the true sense of the word.

Chappelle added, “It gives our area an identity.”

A Passion That Will Never Die While overall beer sales are down, according to the Brewers Association, the craft brewing industry continues to grow. The association said the industry made $6.3 billion in 2008, a 10 percent increase. There are now 1,525 craft breweries in the United States, the highest total in 100 years. Both Six Rivers and Lost Coast are at their capacity and searching for more space to expand. “We kind of hit a wall,” said Groom. With new technological advances and the continued creations of home brewers, the passion of brewing is only deepening in the United States. Standing in an aging cellar, Sanchez takes a big handful of hops and sifts it through his fingers. He notes th e soft, oily texture of the flower, and then brings his hands to his nose and inhales deeply. A grin of pleasure washes over his face. “I think I got maybe 20 years left of this,” said Sanchez. “I’m never ever going to do anything but make beer.” With a passion like that, more and more people will continue to sample the beer and respond to the culture that craft breweries represent.

Classification of a Craft Brewery The craft beer industry is defined by four distinct markets: Microbrewery: A brewery that produces fewer than 15,000 barrels of beer per year with 75 percent or more of its beer sold off-site. Brewpub: A restaurant-brewery that sells 25 percent or more of its beer on site. The beer is brewed primarily for sale in the restaurant and bar.

A business Contract Brewing Company: A business that hires another brewery to produce its beer. It can also be a brewery that hires another brewery to produce R additional beer. Regional Brewery: A brewery with an annual beer production between 15,000 and 2,000,000 barrels, and an all-malt flagship. Alternatively, it can have at least 50 perent of its volume in all malt beers or in beers that use adjuncts to enhance rather than lighten flavor.


The work week is over and the weekend is finally here. It’s time to cut loose and have some fun. But wait, you are under 21 and you live in Humboldt County. What is there to do? Here is a selection of 10 locations that are open late and have something to offer...

Story by Lauresa Burgess

Muddy’s Hot Cup has a friendly, warm atmosphere with free Wi-Fi. Muddy’s is ocated on G Street at the north end of Arcata. There are tables on the front porch for patrons to enjoy the warm rays of sunshine while sipping on their drinks of choice. During the weekend nights, Muddy’s transforms into a small, live-music venue. On Friday nights there is Salsa dancing, and the first Monday of every month is Women’s Open Mic night. “There is a lot of talent in this town,” says Contessa Ricci. Ricci has been working at Muddy’s for six months and makes a “bomb” single soy hazelnut latte. “I make it a special way,” says Ricci. All of the beer on tap is local, and all of the pastries are Muddy’s own recipes. Check out the Web Site for upcoming events: www.

At Mosgo’s the motto is “You’re Not Just Another Cup.” This quiet cafe provides a relaxing atmosphere for homework or catching up with friends during the day, but at night it is filled with the sounds of live music. “Open mic night is my favorite night to work,” says Chelsea Dove. The most popular drinks are the mocha and hot chocolate. “Without giving away too many secrets I can tell you that the hot chocolate is made with chocolate chips and not a powder mix,” she said. Dove’s favorite drink is the Mosgo’s Chai. Situated on Alliance Road. Mosgo’s provides wireless Internet and friendly service. It is open until 10 p.m. Friday through Sunday and 9 p.m. Monday through Thursday. Visit its Web site:


AP&D or Arcata Pizza and Deli, provides fresh, quality products to satisfy any hungry individual. Don’t want to eat in? Give AP&D a call for pick up (707) 822-4650. Their menu consists of pizza, hot or cold sandwiches, salads, burgers, Philly cheese steaks, and a vegetarian selection. Jeff Van Houtt, who has worked there for three years, says his favorite sandwich is the Philly #3: onions, sautéed mushrooms, jack cheese, and jalapeños. “The most popular sandwich is the Chicken Club,” says Houtt. The price starts at $5 and goes to $15 or higher. AP&D is open from 11 a.m. to 1 a.m. Monday through Thursday and until 3 a.m. on Friday and Saturday. It closes at 11 p.m. on Sundays.

photo by Ben Jackson

Blondies Food and Drink is a cheery yellow cafe that has soft twinkle lights to welcome you. Blondies is located on the corner of LK Wood Boulevard and California Avenue, next to the East Side Laundromat. Walk in, grab a seat and enjoy the funky pop art with a retro ‘50s twist. Internet and foosball are free, and there is something happening every day. Monday is Quiz Night, but if you are interested in music, there is a mixture of open mic, live music and dancing the rest of the week. Claire Bent, a spunky HSU student who has played the ukulele at open mic night, votes that the Blondie Brownies are to die for. The most popular sandwiches at Blondies are the Bella (fresh tomato, basl mozzarella, pesto, balsamic vinegar and spinach) and the Marylyn (pesto, tomato, smoked turkey and garlic jack cheese from Loleta Cheese Factory). But if you are strapped for cash there is the Poor Student sandwich for a cheap $4. All events start at 7 p.m. unless otherwise specified. On the weekend it is open until midnight except for Sundays. Visit the Web site at

photo by Lauresa Burgess

Arts Alive! happens the first Saturday of every month in Old Town Eureka. The event starts at 6 p.m. and wraps up at 9 p.m. Browse the shops, cruise the boardwalk and enjoy live music. “All the live music, in my opinion, is the best,” says Matt Ware, a current student at College of the Redwoods, who has been going to Arts Alive! every month for about a year. Arts! Arcata is a local event

that takes place on the Arcata Plaza on the second Friday of every month. Starting at 6 p.m. and going until 9 p.m., Arts! Arcata is a great way to start a Friday night. Live music brings the plaza alive, and local artists are featured in select businesses.

Finnish Country Sauna and Tubs and Cafe Mokka provide a way

to wind down from a long week. You can partake of private outdoor hot tubs and traditional sauna rooms. While you wait in the peaceful rustic cabin style cafe, you can enjoy a hot bowl of soup or a cup of coffee with some cookies, and visit with Clover, the very friendly tabby cat. Cafe Mokka is the oldest coffee shop in Arcata. “We have the best espresso in town,” boasts Ida Gianopulos. “Before I worked here I would walk all the way across town just for the espresso.” On weekends it is open until 1 a.m., and if you are in need of a mid-week soak it is open until 11 p.m. Sunday through Thursday. This is a cashonly establishment. Call ahead to reserve a tub (707) 822-2228.

The Minor Theatre, located near the Arcata Plaza, has a wide range of movies shown daily. To see show times visit its Web site at and select Minor Theatre or call (707) 822-3456.

photo by Sabrina Graham de Martinez

Don’s Donuts and Toni’s

If you decide to hang out with friends but need something to eat at 3 a.m., the places to go are Don’s Donuts or Toni’s. Both are open 24 hours a day, seven days a week. Don’s Donuts is next to the Arcata Plaza, making it an easy stop. Toni’s is located on Heindon Road, but the handmade milkshakes are worth the trip. Ben Altic, a regular customer, likes the hours and says the milkshakes are amazing.

Arcata Theatre Lounge is newly renovated and offers a wide range of shows. The theatre is located on G Street, right next to the Golden Harvest Cafe. The dinner show theater features silent movies for free on Wednesdays, and Monday Night Football and live music throughout the year. Some shows are 21 and up, so check out itscalendar at www.arcatatheater. com to see what is going on.


Shoes Let’s Get Some

photo by Torrey Hartman

Marissa Papanek, 18, got her flower shoes as a souvenir at a flea market, “They are a little bit too small, but I sucked it up because they were cool.”

Photos by Sabrina Graham de Martinez Clockwise from top: Ever have that feeling that something is calling to you on a subconscious level? Elizabeth Hill, 20, experienced it when she bought these boots: “They were just like ‘buy me’.” | Dylan Stewart, 32, of Trinidad, scored these beauties at his job at the Arcata Recycling Center after an anonymous “shoe whore” dropped them off, along with other donations. | For Akiko Suganami, 22, an exchange student from Japan, it’s all about the tints. “I like a lot of bright colors!” | Basketball player Timothy Christopher O’Maley, 23, sports his Lebron Zoom Solider III Nikes. “I picked them up because my Achilles Heel was getting messed up from the Zoom 2’s. These ones fit my feet properly.” | When asked why she bought them, Claire Voightlander, 19, answered: “They are watermelons! Why wouldn’t you want them?”

photo by Torrey Hartman

PRETTY PURSES A classic-yeteffortless chic is what Dottie May’s caters to, with whimsical accessories and cool bags available too.

Story by Elizabeth Westwood Photos by Sabrina Graham de Martinez

Wool socks and sandals clash. Two different plaids can’t be paired together. Unless it’s Christmas, green and red just don’t match. Neither do chic, bigcity fashion and Humboldt County. Still, Arcata attempts to quench even the savviest of fashionistas’ thirst for a fabulous shopping experience, with a plethora of non-traditional, and perhaps, up-and-coming fashionable finds. Let this list be a guide to the top 10 fashion finds in this small town. 1) Vintage Avenger features an eclectic mix of both new and gently used clothing. You can find everything from designer jeans, to funky flannels, to everything you would need to compile a unique costume for any type of theme party. The Vintage Avenger also has a fantastic shoe department called Shoe Shangri-La. Only women’s shoes are available, but it’s one of the best (possibly the only) place 28

for Frye boots in Humboldt County. Jessica Meddles, an Environmental Science student, thrilled with her Vintage Avenger excursion, said, “The store was a gold mine of good finds both new and vintage. And I got these pants that I love for only $4!” 1101 H Street (corner of 11th)

2) Greenhouse Boardshop

has it all: fashion, recreation, even coffee, smoothies, sandwiches and free Wi-Fi. As its namesake suggests, Greenhouse Boardshop stocks surfboards, signature and Sector 9 skateboards, of all shapes, sizes and styles. Sadly, Greenhouse offers more choices for men than women. But ladies, the sandal selection is amazing with brands like Rainbow, Reef and Roxy. The best part of this Arcata fashion find is the fact that you can shop for all your favorite brands while enjoying an amazing Americano and checking your e-mail. It’s perfect for the multi-tasking college kid looking for a one-stop shop. 865 8th Street (next to Rita’s) 3) Willow & Rags is another store that blends new and used threads to accommodate any budget. Willow

only has new clothes for women, but it carries lightly used clothes for men and women as well. Willow is always a great fall-back plan when all other shopping has failed. It features brands like the Flying Tomato, a modern, upbeat line that focuses on functional fashion that you can wear to the office or to class. Emily Dill, a Humboldt State student with an undeclared major, said, “I get lots of scarves there and they’re always really cheap. I got one for $3.” Be sure to check out the winter coat collection as the weather gets chilly. 761 8th Street (on the Plaza) 4) AMPT Skate Shop may be just for guys, but it is the atmosphere and friendly faces that make it welcoming for anyone. Just like Greenhouse, it is a board shop with a wide array of choices and accessories to outfit any skateboarder. For guys, AMPT has lots of shirts and hoodies by all the top skate brands. As far as shoes go, the shop has every style and color of Vans, and other skate shoes we love. For Humboldt County, that is a bold statement. AMPT only offers men’s sizes in shoes, but they go down as

low as a size four, perfect for everyone. 1040 H Street (across from the Minor Theatre) 5) The Outdoor Store is more of a recreational outfitter, but it still has style. The Outdoor Store has every toy for every hobby- bikes, snowboards and all the camping necessities- but still manages to carry trendy clothes and an assortment of shoes for both dudes and dudettes. It has all the brands you know and love, like The North Face, Volcom, Hurley, Burton, Billabong and many others to help outfit any look. Guys and girls alike will agree, you can’t have a hobby without accessories. Last season, I practically stole a new DaKine snowboard backpack for only $15. 876 G Street 6) If you’re looking for bohemian chic, stop in at Yi Fang Imports. Yi Fang only has clothes for women, but it offers many gift ideas and features lots of international treasures like sake sets, Indian incense, handmade wood chimes and jewelry. When dress shopping, Yi Fang has every style, color, cut and price range.

From sunny summer dress to that perfect little black dress every woman feels dropdead gorgeous in. Yi Fang has lots of diverse shopping options because it mixes and matches international styles with bohemian feel, all without spiking up the prices. 779 9th Street (on the Plaza)

7) Dottie May’s Closet

might just be the cutest little boutique in town. It is ridiculously small, but it has big potential. Dottie May’s features an exclusive collection of handmade clothes, some of which the owner makes herself. Dottie May’s also has clothes, jewelry and other accessories made locally. If you’re looking for a truly unique outfit, this is the place to shop. 5327 9th Street (next to Sushi Spot) 8) Hot Knots is that store you love to window shop in, but never buy anything from. It is on the pricier side, but you get what you pay for. Hot Knots features nothing but top-quality materials, ensuring that the $200 skirt you bought will probably outlive the $20 one from Target. Hot Knots carries classy women’s fashions and is a great place to take visiting parents when you really want that

coat, but really don’t want to pay for it. 898 G Street (on the Plaza) 9) Morning Star carries lots of eco-friendly, natural fiber clothing. Unfortunately “green” clothes require more green from our wallets. Most of Morning Star’s selections would break the bank for any student, but it also features brands like LRG and Grenade at relatively decent prices. It also features Satori, which isn’t always easy to find outside Humboldt County. It’s definitely worth stopping in, because sometimes there are some amazing deals. 1062 G Street (next to the Arcata Theatre) 10) Angels of Hope is without a doubt the cheapest place on the list. Angels of Hope is a thrift store that allows men’s and women’s fashions to be loved twice for a fraction of the price. Thrift stores are perfect for vintage lovers and costume making, with everything being nearly 100 percent unique. Philosophy student Shelley Perkins said, “Angels of hope always has amazing dresses! And they’re always really cheap.” 1340 10th Street

BOOTS AND BOARDS (right) If you are in the market for shoes check out shoe Shangri-La, attached to Vintage Avenger. Founder Nancy Tobin, 43, said that coming into this business was fortuitous. After graduating from HSU, Tobin turned her hobby of collecting vintage artifacts into a business. (far right) Greenhouse Boardshop caters to a variety of shoppers with their collection of surfboards, skateboards, clothes and even a cafe with free Wi-Fi. photo by Torrey Hartman


Can magazines survive DESPITE A troubled economy AND the rise of A POWERFUL new media? story by Gary Smith What is your favorite magazine? If you said People or Time, then you have nothing to worry about. If you said something else, start worrying. The economic downfall is affecting the magazine industry in a major way, but unlike some other businesses, the magazine business relies heavily on advertising revenue. With the economy the way it is, a lot of publications are hurting for ads. According to the Media Industry newsletter, advertising revenue for monthly magazines dropped 23 percent from June 2008 to June 2009. Fortune magazine lost 43 percent of its ad revenue, Forbes lost 35 percent and Business Week lost 30 percent. Condé Nast, one of the top three publishing companies in the United States, lost $1 billion in ad revenue, according to the Publisher Information Bureau. The company owns Vanity Fair, The New Yorker, GQ, Vogue and Wired magazines, among others. Besides hurting for ad sales, magazines also have to deal with what Robin Bacior, a blog writer for Blender, Spin and other Internet sites, said is “kind of like a puppy- it’s cute and people always want


to play with a puppy, but it gets out of hand and suddenly people are annoyed.” That adorable puppy is the Internet. The Internet is not just hurting the magazine world with instant access to millions of stories and pictures, it is also affecting the ad revenue that magazines get. With the Internet, it is much easier to track the ads that people are checking out; with magazines you can only guess if people are looking at your ads. Peter Riherd, the West Coast sales director of Entertainment Weekly, said, “For magazines of all types, a significant decrease in print advertising has caused a major shrinkage of ad revenue.” He continued, “ No magazine has escaped.” According to the Columbus Journal, People, Entertainment Weekly and other magazines owned by Time Warner Media Corporation do not need to worry. They have a much wider advertising base, while some smaller publications like Blender and Gourmet are suffering due to lack of advertising sales. Blender and Gourmet have closed because of the economy and the Internet. However, both closed magazines are still up and running on the Internet. There is a split view on how the Internet

has both revolutionized media intake and how it has hindered the magazine world. Bacior said that the speed of the Internet gives an advantage to blog writers. “The Internet is just obviously faster. A blogger can see a show and go home and have a posting on it before morning, while a magazine has to go through editors and an entire printing process. Magazines can’t compete with that speed.” Bacior isn’t entirely pumped on the Internet though. “A downside of the Internet is it’s too fast, and no one is checking for error. So essentially anyone can post something, and people have to start guessing at what is fact and fiction.” Bacior went on to say, “The magazine is the old dog, who maybe looks like it could fall dead at any moment, but it’s beyond loyal and people can’t quite put it under. They’ve had too many good years together.” While there is no real way to stop the Internet or the economy from affecting the magazine business, Bacior and Riherd feel that with some patience and time, the magazine world will be able to weather the storm and come out just as strong as it was before.


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Oil on canvas

Subtext in order of importance: Paint The narrative The dilemma of a figurative practice in art The herd Living real in a cartoon assumption, bias and judgment Hypocrisy Attack of the ten-foot woman in her lover’s borrowed shirt Madonna and Chives The last flight of Susan Jordan Arcata vs. Eureka Fertility Golgotha The caves of Lascaux Alternative power Political dogs on the run or do city folks have any idea what their dogs do? Cotton vs. hemp The Three Stooges reincarnated as carrots Buy local Ruralists- 1979 Sir Henry Raeburn Manga Girl vs. Wiley E. Coyote The Audacity of Organics Anna Billnska-Bohodanowicz, Polish, 1857 – 1893 Qiang-Huang – “Spectra of Onions”

Hope and Despair Illustrated- The Tribal Implications of Becoming a Cartoon of Ourselves. Part 1- Hope

M Wayne Knight

The above is a painting by Art Professor M. Wayne Knight. Kinght passed away on Oct. 21 from complications of the H1N1 virus.

In Memoriam Professor M. Wayne Knight May 20, 1949 – October 21, 2009

Wayne, you are irreplaceable. Your commitment and lively spirit will live on through your students and their work. We miss you.

I hope this art is idiosyncratic.

This university is rapidly heading to homogenizing teaching into a static, safe and predictable process. At the same time we tout diversity. No one seems to see the dichotomy of this. Becoming a cartoon of ourselves is the real danger especially as resources dwindle, fear is parlayed into politics and we want to feel safe by simply being part of a similar group.

Ideologues and their tribes will be the best of us all. Especially when they are based on borrowed concepts that resemble a cartoon of complex ideas, oversimplified and exaggerated. When I gather with people who permit the echo chamber effect, like minded people talking to each other, I am instantly bored.

M Wayne Knight:

Tourism proves a significant economical influence of hippie vacation spot, Yelapa, Mexico

Story and Photos By Jennifer MacKaben Rooster sounds are different in Mexico. Instead of “cock-a-doodle-doo,” they cry, “Quiquiriquíííííííí!” Those cacophonous rooster crows begin at 4:30 every morning in Yelapa, Jalisco, Mexico. They sound off in three-hour intervals throughout the day. If that does not wake you up, the mariachi music blasting at 8:30 will. Everyone in Yelapa seems to rise with the sun. Tucked away in an isolated cove off the Banderas Bay, Yelapa feels like a true hideaway. It is known as Mexico’s bestkept secret. The easiest way to get there


is a 45-minute boat ride from Puerto Vallarta, a city located on Mexico’s southern Pacific coast. Yelapa is a village that began with only five families. The families still live there, creating a community where everyone is related to one another. The first recorded contact with non-natives was in 1524. Francisco Cortes, nephew of the wellknown conqueror of Mexico, Hernan Cortes, made his way from present-day Puerto Vallarta to Yelapa with an army. They were approached by friendly natives

holding white crosses who were adorned with feathered headdresses. Cortes and his army feasted and danced with the natives. Based on the friendliness and generosity that the community offered, Cortes spared Yelapa of the death and enslavement that most Mexican groups endured at that time. The same hospitality still exists there today. Yelapa feels worlds away from modern civilization. My favorite part about this place is how the cobblestone pathways are not big enough for cars. The locals travel by burro, some ride quads. It was

only eight years ago when the village was introduced to electricity. Through communication technologies once foreign to Yelapa, like phone lines and Web sites, booking a vacation there is easier than ever. Tourism generates a significant amount of money for the Yelapan economy. However, through the rise in tourism, Mexico’s best-kept secret has been revealed. Some call Yelapa a hippie resort. It is densely layered with foliage, which limits outside communication. Before the

installation of electricity, this bioregion was one of Bob Dylan’s frequent stops. Upon our arrival to Yelapa, my friends and I jumped off the boat taxi when it reached ashore. The white sand stuck to our wet feet as we grabbed our luggage. We barely started an uphill trek to our vacation rental when young locals offered to carry our bags. I held onto mine, thinking they would ask for money in return. They didn’t, though. Actually, they refused the pesos that were offered. The eldest of the group, Rudolfo, was very friendly. He let us know that if we needed anything during our stay we should go to him. From restaurants to boat tours, his family owns many businesses in the village. Before we stepped foot in our palapa (a palm hut), we had already made arrangements to pay Rudolfo to take us to a couple of tourist spots. Most Yelapa vacationers stay in palapas. Our palapa, Casa Capomo, is the first no-wall dwelling I slept in. Wooden beams support the thatched roofs and all rooms (bathroom included) are opensided. However, many palapas come with four-walled lockable storage sheds called bodegas. Casa Capomo’s beds and couches do not touch the ground. They are hoisted to the ceiling by rope to prevent Yelapa’s native scorpions from crawling up onto the sheets and cushions. Also, bug netting envelops the beds to help ensure a bug bite-free sleep. Pointy palm plants and split-leaf philodendrons crowd all sides of the palapa. Ripe papayas hang in front of the kitchen and some kind of spiky fruit trees stand near. Additionally, in the yard, families of cacti stretch tall and aloe plants flow over their pots onto the dirt ground Besides the palapa, Yelapa’s beaches are the perfect places to relax. The main beach, La Playa, is located in the center of the cove. It is scattered with white plastic lounge chairs and blue umbrellas. Beachside bars run parallel behind the plastic furniture. Once we chose a place to sit, waiters promptly delivered menus. It seemed our patronage was in high demand. Vendors move in on the main beach loungers. They sell jewelry, purses, T-shirts, ashtrays, paintings and more. Prices are negotiable and the vendors do not quit selling until late afternoon. Yelapa has a day-trip option for those staying in Puerto Vallarta. Boats unload those tourists at La Playa and peddlers are quick to crowd around them. My favorite

vendor is the “iguana man.” He walks up and down the beach offering vacationers a chance to pose with Iggy, his 4-foot iguana that sits on his shoulders. The “iguana man” is a big flirt and may ask for kisses instead of pesos. Something that I learned before visiting is that Yelapa is known for the desserts of two well-known women. The pie ladies balance large pie plates on their heads. The lemon meringue, chocolate coconut and cheese pies are simply amazing. Isabelle’s Beach is where the locals go swimming. Vendors do not bother pushing their business out there. It is found on the point at the end of the cove. There is not as much sand and no beach furniture, but there is a great amount of sea life. Oddly shaped anemones are found all over the rocks of Isabelle’s, along with many bright pink and purple-colored seashells. There are more seashells to find at the Marietas Islands. The popular tourist attraction generates money for boat owners. As previously arranged, Rudolpho and his brother Roberto took us there. The Marietas Islands hug the northern edge of the Banderas Bay. These volcanic rock formations double as a giant bird-nesting ground. The islands became a national park in 2005. During the early 20th century, the Mexican army tested their weapons there. This may be the reason for the vibrant lime green and deep

photo by Dyanna Wilson

BEACH BUDDIES Students Mark Maranto, Dyanna Wilson and Nikki Cornick walk along La Playa with a newly acquired dog friend, Nanu.

SAY CHEESE It is customary to ask the locals for permission to take photos, but this brother and sister asked if they could pose in front of the camera.


LIZARDS AND EGGS (Above) Iggy, the iguana, poses for pictures on La Playa for a mere 20 pesos, which is equivalent to $1.50 U.S. (Right) Flowers spill from balconies on the way to Tensia’s Tienda, the local grocery store where they do not refridgerate their eggs!

maroon colors of the rocks. The top of the islands are splattered white, as birds like the blue-footed booby leave their mark. Rudolfo and Roberto provided the fins and masks for snorkeling. The brothers caught mackerel and made lunch while we swam with schools of fish. Ceviche, a popular South American dish, is raw fish sizzled by citric acid from the juice of lemons and limes. Roberto and Rudolfo combined the fish with red peppers and habanero chilis and served it with tortilla chips. Pushing my vegetarian boundaries, I had seconds. We chased lunch with tequila. “Arriba. Abajo. Al centro. Pa’dentro,” we toasted. (“Up, down, center, inside.”) This was by far my favorite day of the trip. Rudolfo also made a day trip to Puerto Vallarta possible for us. We took a quick boat ride to the nearest northern bay from Yelapa, Boca de Tomatlan. There, the cobblestone roads have plenty of room for cars (including Rudolfo’s). We took a seat in his car and Rudolfo drove us to the Puerto Vallarta Botanical Gardens. In a way, we were on a time limit because he had to share the family car with Roberto. Roberto had a similar arrangement with a different group of vacationers.


The Puerto Vallarta Botanical Gardens vegetarian-friendly). He suggested his is breathtaking. There, the hillside uncle’s restaurant, Pollo Bollo. “I’ll tell is covered with agave plants and the him to make something special for you,” outdoor paths are covered in orchids. he said. I greatly appreciated that when I We continued the rest of the day in scanned the menu and could not find one search of souvenirs in downtown Puerto vegetarian option, which is unfortunate Vallarta. The atmosphere is nowhere because Rudolfo’s uncle should be known near as laid back as Yelapa’s. There is for his amazing veggie fajitas! just as much hussle and Yelapa offers a relaxed atmosphere bussle downtown as complemented with a slow pace. Its there is in the airport. natural beauty and sluggish tempo has Puerto Vallarta calls to the power to suck in college students on spring My favorite part vacationers and turn them break—the exact trap we about this place is into residents. After a long wanted to avoid. It was day of hiking, my friends how the cobblestone then that I realized how and I met two tourists pathways are not big special a place Yelapa on the main beach. One enough for cars. is. Local Yelapans are in intended on vacationing the same business as the in Yelapa for six days and vendors of Puerto Vallarta. In Yelapa, wound up staying for six however, tourists are granted friendly months. The other service and hospitality. My friends and burned his plane ticket home. According I were exhausted from all of the tourist to the locals, this is very familiar. attractions we conquered that day. The I am thankful for a vacation spot boat taxi could not have come sooner. that exists not just for the tourists. The Over the course of our week-long business owners are able to profit off vacation, I noticed Rudolfo making tourism, but they do it in a way that keeps quite the effort to rake in business for the essence of tranquil Yelapa intact. his family. One night we asked him for *To find more details on Yelapa a suggestion on where to eat (preferably vacations, go to

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Magical Moments on Moonstone Beach Photo essay by Lauresa Burgess Angela Burgess had her first experience riding a horse on a beach in Mexico on Roserito Beach when she was in her youth. She has been hooked ever since. Growing up in Southern California she rode on the beaches of Corona del Mar until they were closed to horses. Burgess has been riding Moonstone Beach for 15 years, but riding on the beach did not become a daily routine until five years ago because of various illnesses that threatened her horse’s existence. “Just seeing them so energetic and alive reminds me of the gift that I almost lost,” said Burgess. “It’s not like you can just get another horse... the relationship seen with me and these horses is the result of over 15 years of daily interaction.” Burgess has put in countless hours into building bonds with each of her horses. For Burgess going to the beach is putting a physical workout, a mental therapy session and a spiritual experience all in one daily “tune up.” “We don’t live to play, but play to live.” Watching her horses play and run on the beach never gets old for her. Photo by Torrey Hartman

READY TO RIDE (above) Angela Burgess bridles 18-year-old Mariah. HORSING AROUND (right) Snickers, an 8-year-old Appaloosa, plays at Moonstone Beach.

POLISHING UP Dansa, 15, rolls in the sand to polish up his coat after a swim.

SWIMMING (left) Mariah and Angela Burgess emerge from a swim in Little River. TAKING A BREATHER (above) 10-year-old Appaloosa, Ditto.

photo essay by Carlos Esqueda

A lovely unflushed urinal in the men’s bathroom of the first floor of the library around 4 p.m. on Sept. 21.

This ghastly site was found in the Student Business Services building at 8 a.m. on Sept. 15.

This wasteful display of balled up toilet paper was found in the second floor library bathroom on Sept. 21 at 4 p.m.

The men’s bathroom in Harry Griffith Hall on Sept. 15 at 8:30 a.m., before many students have used it.

A splash of blood found in the first floor men’s bathroom in Founder’s Hall at 2 p.m. on Oct. 21.

There are some who want to place blame on the custodians for not cleaning up after students. Some may want to blame management for changing the hours the custodians work (5 p.m. to1 a.m.), this semester. But what you see in these photos is nothing new. Fred Ruchte, a 21-year vet of the custodial staff who has spent 14 of those years working in the HSU Library, remembers on more than one occasion finding a bathroom stall where a student has taken a dump on the floor. There was one semester where a student urinated almost daily in an elevator on campus. There was another semester where a student in the Art Building used his own feces as paint to decorate the walls of not only the Art Building but a few other buildings as well. The art he created was so good it fooled many in the building into believing it was paint. It was so good that other students began painting around the feces. Take a long look at the blood on the toilet seat. What kind of person leaves that for another to see and deal with? Don’t blame the custodians for not being on campus to clean up after so-called adults. Blame the students who lack the respect of self and others, who believe leaving blood on a toilet seat is funny, who believe cleaning up after themselves is not their responsibility. Blame those student who can’t take the time to flush a damn toilet after they are done. I wanted to do this photo essay because after three years as a fulltime student at HSU, I am sick of seeing this in nearly every building I have classes in. I feel a strong need to throw this in the students’ faces. Let anyone who reads this realize that these students represent our future leaders of America.

We have all had the same moment. You are at an uncle’s wedding, or a cousin’s birthday, and a woman who looks as old as your grandma walks up to you and squeezes you so hard you can’t breathe. Meanwhile, she’s commenting on how much you’ve grown and declaring how much she’s missed you. The kicker? You have no idea who she is. This mystery person claims to be your great aunt Gertrude, so you play along, hoping to find your mom so you can ask her, “Who just hugged me, and why do I smell like mothballs and talcum powder?” This entire situation can be avoided. All you have to do is a little research on your family. The process does involve some elbow grease, but the reward is quite satisfying and it may even become your new hobby. Delving into your family’s history will provide you with invaluable pieces of knowledge. Did your grandfather fight in World War I? In what era did your family actually come to the United States? What side was your family on in the Civil War? Here is how to become you family’s own historian.

Step 1: Set Up and Gather Supplies

CIVIL WAR Jordon T. Smith was born in 1836 and fought for the Georgia infantry during the Civil War. He was captured and released at the Seige of Vicksburg. Above is his payroll record.

Story by David Dunbar Photos courtesy of Heather Summers


In addition to the requisite pencil and paper, you may also use a tape recorder to record interviews and a camera for pictures of living and easily found relatives. Internet access makes hunting names much easier, and many Web sites provide genealogy software to create and save your family tree. The genealogy software you choose can be implemented throughout the entire process. After each new piece of information is attained, enter it into the program, and it will place it into the online tree. Examples of Web sites with helpful starting points are: www., and Several Web sites, these three included, are free to use. Some also offer subscription services, priced at $12 to $25 per month, which will provide you with more thorough searches and include hints in verification processes. Heather Summers, a History major at Humboldt State University who has been researching her own genealogy since she was 14, said, “ is the best choice because of its easily accessible interface and helpful ‘ancestry hints’ that search out the likeliest records for your relatives.”

Step 2: Interview Family A lot of information can be found by simply asking your family. Grandparents are an excellent source, but parents can be just as helpful. Through these interviews you can find names, birthdates, deaths, marriages and places, all of which are exactly what you need to find for this project. A tip from Summers is to

start with your oldest known relative and fill in the tree down to yourself before searching for long-deceased ancestors. During this period, you may find a relative who has already done some genealogy work on your family, such as senior Lydia Evers did. Evers, an Oceanography major, began looking into her family’s history as part of a project in high school. “My grandma had already traced my paternal side back to the early 1800s,” she said. “And I was able go further and wound up in the late 1500s.”

Step 3: Search Records

instructions on how to request records. The Godfrey Memorial Library is another large source of records as it is home to The American Genealogical Biographical Institute (AGBI). “The AGBI is a collection of New England records dating from colonization to around 1805,” Summers said. “You will come across this reference somewhere in your research.” The AGBI can be found at and you can either mail or e-mail a request to find a name in its large collection of books.

Step 4: Find Photos

Go through family photo albums and match a face to the This is the meat of your search. After exhausting any names you have. These may also provide you with that family information from relatives, it is time to go to the record books. member you’ve been missing. If you have access to a scanner, There are many records that will help you find information use it to place the photos onto the software program you chose. about your family and provide history, including censuses, birth Placing a face with a name can really bring in a familial tie to certificates, social security, death indexes, marriage licenses, the project. While the picture aspect of the genealogy is mostly military records, and even old newspaper clippings of obituaries or aesthetic, photos can provide a personal touch to the tree and local events. provides online access to many of these give a feeling of attachment to your ancestors. After placing the records and includes scanned images photos she had found into her family of each one when available. tree, Evers felt more connected to her A birth certificate can only be family. “The pictures brought me closer obtained from the state in which to the history,” she said. “Without the the birth occurred, and you must pictures it was just names on paper. I provide proof of your relation to the feel it was a more rewarding experience individual on the certificate. Social because I could match a face with the Security records are available only name.” after a person’s death, but these Step 5: Missing Links are much easier to get a hold of than a birth certificate and contain After going as far back into your family much of the same information. as you can on your own, online message Finding information on relatives in boards will help fill in the missing the military can be difficult. Some pieces. The same genealogical Web sites military records are kept under wraps you have been using thus far also have because of confidential services message boards full of other people who like undercover work. But draft or are also searching for, or have already enlistment information should be found, the same information. fairly accessible for most military When researching her family, Evers conflicts and wars. Remember that was able to use her grandmother’s while you only need the names of research in conjunction with www. each relative’s parents in order to in order to find and verify continue your family tree, the more even more of her family. Summers information you have the easier the recommends using online sources like next generation will be to find. and any state government Summers offered several possible sites to find records because they are much quicker than mailing a letter with sources to find physical records, a request for information. An important including the County Clerk’s Office thing to remember when searching for birth certificates and marriage TINTYPE PHOTO for your history is that verification is licenses, old newspaper clippings W.B. Cline was born March 29, 1868, and important. Try to find as many sources for obituaries, birth and marriage died Sept. 21, 1898. This photo of him was for each relative as you can and keep announcements, and the Family printed on tin instead of paper and was them organized. “This goes a lot quicker History Library in Salt Lake City. probably taken between 1888 and his death. than you would think, especially if [it Summers said the FHL holds Cline was the great great grandfather in-law is] done online,” Summers said, thousands of records from all over of history student Heather Summers. Now you can share your findings with the world, but most of them can only the rest of your family. E-mail them the be accessed at the Library. “Some can links, print out copies and mail them or even bind them into a be found at or,” she said. family history scrapbook. Just remember to enjoy your family Military records may be found at the National Archives in St. history; it is guaranteed to be an interesting journey. Louis, or by visiting its Web site,, and following

Michael Sheppard’s life work has the potential to drastically change the world’s arhitecture, and now it is his son’s legacy. Story by Peter Sheppard Photos by Lauresa Burgess If I told you that there existed a geometric shape that had the potential to dramatically change how we manufacture the foundation of our buildings and bridges and possibly even orient ourselves spiritually, would you believe me? Such a shape does indeed exist and is verifiably stronger than any concrete aggregate being used today. It is so much stronger, in fact, that it is now the current world-record holder for concrete aggregate, holding up literally twice as strong as unreinforced concrete at 32,000 pounds per square inch (PSI). My father stated on his Gaia profile, an online community based around knowledge and connectivity, “If this were basketball, it would be the equivalent of one person scoring 200 points in a single game.” Developed nearly 20 years ago by my father, Michael Sheppard, and continued in pursuit well up until the six months before his death, the tetrajack is very real and stands as a tangible testament to the power of human imagination and ingenuity. Whether or not it can live up to those claims is something that has yet to be seen, for as a friend of my father’s said, “Some things take two lifetimes to accomplish.” But just what exactly is this


shape and what makes it so revolutionary? I’ll do the best I can to sum it up, but there was a lot my dad didn’t tell me for whatever reason and he most likely took many of his revelations with him. Michael Sheppard was born on Oct. 19, 1945, and died June 10, 2009, of Agent Orange-induced Mantle Cell Lymphoma due to his involvement in the Vietnam War. He was someone who left an influence on most everyone he met, and nowhere was this better evidenced than at his memorial service. Many people had memories both happy and sad, and even though not everyone who attended even knew him in his lifetime, I had several people come up and tell me that they certainly felt like they had. One story of his that I’ll never forget was when he told me how he quit drinking, which involved him coming home late and drunk as a skunk, getting into a fight with my mother and her storming out. I was six months old at the time and was awaken by my mom slamming the door, at which point I started babbling in baby-speak. My father had just about had enough and yelled at me to shut up, which I did. He told me that he walked toward my crib, looked down and saw me silently crying. He swore right then and there that he would stop drinking and, true to his word, he never touched another drop of alcohol ever again, enlisting in Alcoholics

Anonymous and staying with them for the past 21 years to help as many people as he could find sobriety. In his own words, my father was “an altar boy, little leaguer, mountain climber, fly fisherman, spelunker, railroader, Green Beret medic, builder, actor, playwright, director, dancer, potter, muralist, astrologist, inventor, commercial fisherman, corporation president, entrepreneur, yogin, meditator, seeker, mentor, sponsor, egotist, political activist, materials researcher, good neighbor, son, brother, husband, and father.” He was someone who accomplished a lot with what little he had to work with. According to his profile on, his goals were “To die young, kind, and missed by my great-great-greatgreat-great-great grandchildren, [and to provide] earthquake resistant housing for the Middle East.” While I’m personally doing what I can to fulfill his first goal, his second is one that may take a long time. My father wished to accomplish this lofty task through the application of the tetrajack as concrete aggregate, replacing the gravel that is conventionally used. The tetrajack itself is unique in its design as it has the ability to pack three dimensionally, allowing for tighter compacting under heavy pressure and vibration. As my father put it, “The shape is deceptively simple: There is an equilateral tetrahedron inside the form

with four more tetrahedrons mounted to increase bond strength for concrete had perfected a bonding agent for the on the four faces of the base tetrahedron. and other cement matrix composite aggregate itself, they had only managed Under the right circumstances, very applications.” to solve one of the many variables they accurate renditions of this shape will pack Short version— Carty and my father were working to overcome. “We solved together until there is less than 10 percent developed a cement glaze that was high in the bonding problem of cement to void space between them - unprecedented silica and therefore had a much stronger porcelain aggregate,” he said. The press for a shape with such pronounced bonding application to the porcelain that Michael developed works well for making features.” comprises the aggregate. small quantities [of tetrajacks], but that’s This means that the structure of the Carty’s friend and fellow Alfred the problem. In 2004, the United States shape itself allows for increased structural University ceramics professor John consumed 2 billion tons of aggregate integrity and packing volume per cubic Gill said one of the biggest benefits this and out of that aggregate, about only 30 inch despite its apparently unwieldy technology can provide is green efficiency. million tons could be considered high appearance. Following intense performance. The press turns out vibration and pressure, the 50 pounds an hour, so you would His goals were: “To die young, kind, and missed have to produce 350,000 tons a week tetrajack shape lets concrete fill by my great-great-great-great-great-great in the spaces between the odd to even scratch the surface of this shapes, creating a foundation market.” Carty said this was also grandchildren, [and to provide] earthquake that is much stronger. coupled with the fact that nobody resistant housing for the Middle East.” One of the problems my dad was willing to invest the time and faced was in getting the cement money into a new technology to bond to the aggregate. Dr. without data on a larger scale than William M. Carty, professor of ceramic “If you use the tetrajack as concrete Carty and my dad were working with to engineering and material sciences at aggregate, it packs so tightly that it uses back it up. This unfortunate revelation Alfred University in New York, aided less concrete and therefore makes it more no doubt led to my father’s backup plan him with this problem. Carty said, environmentally friendly, as you would to market the tetrajack, as a New Age “We realized that it was, in fact, a cut down on the pollution that comes gateway to spiritual fulfillment. bonding issue and resolved that with from having to make concrete, a process To have this make any sense at all, porcelain.” In 2005, Carty and my father which involves heavy-duty machinery let’s hear what my dad had to say on the patented the bonding of cement to the crushing rocks and generating pollution,” subject: “It turns out that the sum total of tetrajack, overcoming one of the more he said. Use of the tetrajack could stretch the angles on the surface of this shape is major hurdles. The patent states: “The your resources much further, allowing 888 degrees, which just happens to be the present invention relates to improving you to get the most from your investment. number associated by some with universal the bonding of Portland cement to a Unfortunately, this technology is not or Christ consciousness. So essentially, whiteware/porcelain body through the without its issues. Carty said that the these shapes emit a subtle vibratory use of a highly siliceous matte glaze biggest and most detrimental issue to the energy that helps align whatever is around to improve the bonding of the shaped application of the tetrajack as concrete it with the basic energy underlying the article/unit cells to the cement paste aggregate is supply and demand. universe, which might be how quantum allowing the shaped article strength He added that despite the fact that they physics would describe it.”

TETRAJACK FACTS The usherite is a shape made out of five pyramids, making a four-point tetrajack. With intense vibrations and high pressure, the three-dimensional shapes interlock with each other. The high silica glaze is the key component that bonds the shape to the porcelain concrete.

I wouldn’t doubt that the unfortunate setback of lessened support for the tetrajack’s practical applications combined with his desire to be free of his disease drove him to try and accomplish this task. For practically the whole of 2007 and 2008, when my dad wasn’t in Portland receiving chemotherapy, he was casting and firing oversized versions of the tetrajack in his basement back in Homer, Alaska, with me helping him out. He was determined to find some way to market this to people who wanted something to hold onto to help themselves fight whatever may be slowly killing them, either in the literal or figurative sense. I had never seen him in such a frenzied state, attempting to do so many things at once. He had plans to start a Web site, make videos for YouTube and get people interested in the shape that had been his obsession for more than 20 years. However, it was in March of this year that things truly started to go downhill for him. He finally lost what little strength he had left in his legs and had to be sent to the Portland Veteran’s Affairs (VA) hospital. I went up to Portland to visit him for spring break and even though things weren’t looking good, it was clear that my father wasn’t finished yet. He still had a little fight left in him, and he wasn’t going out without it. During this period the


person my father was closest to was his brother-in-law, Ian Smethurst. He said that my father stood out among those around him at the VA hospital. “He was quite a contrast to other veterans who for the most part are pretty pissed off, resentful and angry.” On May 15, my friend and I left HSU to go back home to Alaska, stopping in Portland on the way to see my father and getting a bit more than I was prepared for. For starters, his head had finally been shaved and was something I’d never seen before. In addition, his face and neck were swollen and puffy, creating an image of him that I pray no one else has to see of one’s parents. Also, he was much more disoriented this time around and it was clear that he was losing the fight, even if I didn’t want to admit it. Before we left, my friend and I took him down to the parking lot so he could smoke a cigarette, a habit he had never been able to kick. It was one of those moments where the realization of just how real the prospect of losing him was and how much it terrified me. It was in his last two weeks that the facts finally became apparent: There was nothing left to try and we had reached the end of the line. Smethurst told me that the oncologist who was guiding my dad through his chemotherapy assembled the family and told them that there simply wasn’t anything left to do. My father rather calmly replied, “You’re not giving me any really good news, doc.” It was in this period that he finally started preparing his farewells and began reaching out to everyone. The last time I spoke to him was three days before his death, and it was right then and there that I truly had to confront the fact that I really was saying goodbye this time. I started talking to him, asked how he was feeling, and told him that I was going to miss him. His answer was uncharacteristically brief: “Don’t.” He then went on to tell me that it was all well and good to mourn him and treat the situation with the solemnity

it required, but he urged me not to let it consume and take hold of me, and to keep living my life instead. Listening to him, I could tell that he had finally realized there was nothing that could be done and the only course of action was to simply let nature take its course, so I told him goodbye, that I loved him, and that I would see him on the by-and-by. Three days later, my dad was dead, and the world had lost one of its most enlightened and enigmatic members, but not his legacy. In short, my father was someone who had a rather rough go at things, yet in spite of himself never lost his will to go on. He was someone who was rather abrasive, yet if you ever got the chance to talk to him you were sucked in by his way of completely dominating a conversation and allowing you but little windows to speak before being overtaken in conversation yet again. He was an actor, an inventor, a spiritualist, a realist, a lover, a dreamer, a father and a friend. He had a big heart with brains to match and ideas to fill them, ideas that still haven’t achieved their full potential, but can very well do so. He was someone who had a lot of influence and recognition in my hometown of Homer, Alaska, and happened to leave his imprint on many of my friends as well. In fact, when my best friend chose to speak at his memorial, he recounted the one life lesson my dad taught him that he truly took to heart: “Don’t throw rocks at people.”

photo courtesy of Peter Sheppard

SUPER STRENGTH The small shapes, when combined with concrete, can withstand up to 32,000 pounds per square inch.

MICHAEL SHEPPARD Sheppard started his own company, Ushers Inc., to pursue his inventions. The tetrajack was patented in 1995.

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Winston, age 23 Self, age 22

Young Adults Photo essay by Allyson Riggs


Meghan, age 21 Danielle, age 19

The opportunity young people have in terms of expressing themselves is a unique one. As college students on our own, we are no longer bound by the moral and aesthetic values of our parents. Our bedrooms become shrines displaying the things we value, be it

pictures of friends, movie or music posters, books, high school nostalgia, hi-tech gadgets, drug or alcohol paraphernalia, etc. As we progress through the rigors of college, many of us in turn grow out of the interests that once engaged us when

college began. Often subconsciously, how we visually construct our lives changes as we behaviorally change. This transition between, simply put, youth and adulthood, is as much a material, perhaps aesthetic, transformation as it is a mental one.


Clockwise from top: Jon, age 23; Trel, age 23; Abe, age 22; Jaime, age 21; Kim, age 24 and Chris, age 28.


The Hardly Strictly Bluegrass Festival Photo Essay By Chris Tuite

SUNSET AT GOLDEN GATE PARK A massive crowd gathers at sunset to watch Neko Case perform. The free three-day event drew an estimated 750,000 people, about 250,000 more than Woodstock had in 1969.

RICHIE HAVENS Richie Havens performs on day two of the festival. He opened the infamous Woodstock Festival 40 years ago. JOHN PRINE John Prine joins Lyle Lovett during his performance on the first day of the concert.


ATTENDEES A father and his daughter enjoy the music of John Prine during the first day of the festival.

THE FANS A fan sporting his “Peace” hat enjoys Booker T and the Drive By Truckers on the final day of the event.

TOM MORELLO Tom Morello of Rage Against the Machine fame performs as his acoustic alias, the Nightwatchman on day two of the festival.


JAMES COTTON James Cotton of the original Muddy Waters Blues Band performs with Boz Skaggs on the second day of the festival.

THE CROWD Fans find a better view on top of the roof of a nearby building on day two of the show.

MOONLIGHT OVER GOLDEN GATE PARK Lyle Lovett performs on the Banjo Stage to close out the first day.


story by Dan Froloff

In 1969, America was taking on a new shape. It was transforming from a finite monoculture into the infinite collective. The world was a paradox so absurd it was balanced. People said stuff like "right on," "far out," and "solid." Peace became the way to say goodbye and replaced the hand gesture for victory. Music was everything. Jimi Hendrix was God and rock ‘n’ roll was his religion. Coming off the heels of the conservative ‘50s, this awareness began to spread and a cultural renaissance of art, politics and music turned the systems of control on their side. Popular culture was fresh and new, and yet instantly ancient and classic. The magical mystery of what spawned this perfect storm of hippie idealism is still vague at best. After all, as it has been said, if you remember the ‘60s you probably weren't there. The first Woodstock Music & Art Fair in 1969 was named for the town in upstate New York where it never took place. Instead, on the rolling green hills of Max Yasgur’s small dairy farm, the planets aligned and hundreds of thousands of peaceniks came  to get a taste of what everyone was talking about­— peace, love and understanding through art and music.  So great were the effects of the Aquarian Exposition in Bethel, N.Y., that even Humboldt County still resonates with the aftershocks  of this definitive cultural shift 40 years later. Arcata business owner Peter Jerymn was 20 years old and attending college at Penn State in 1969 when he heard about Woodstock. At the time he had a job selling ice cream from a truck in Philadelphia. The East Coast was hip to the idea of putting


WOODSTOCK MUSIC FESTIVAL Pictures of the stage being constructed for the Woodstock Festival. Photos courtesy of Greg MacClelland. on this showcase of amazing music and art, and he was game for anything, as were so many others of his generation.  "My boss let me take the truck home on the weekend, so on Friday I filled it up with dry ice and ice cream, drove up through New Jersey and got stuck in a traffic jam on the New York Interstate," said Jermyn. After quickly selling out of ice cream, he made his way to the venue miles away on foot. The details of what happened next remain fuzzy, but the epiphany came to Jermyn when Jefferson Airplane took the stage late that Saturday night.  "When Grace Slick sang 'Don't You Want Somebody To Love' and said when the truth is revealed to be lies and all the joy within you dies, it clicked," Jermyn said. The world was changing fast and the social climate was filled with "disillusion from a pointless war in Vietnam and the assassination of the Kennedys and Martin Luther King," he said.  "I knew people [who fought] in Korea and I was very patriotic, but when my friends were dying for no reason it seemed pointless," said Jerymn. "You couldn't just love your country." A blind faith in the country could not be justified by a generation that kept losing its identity under a dark cloud marked by violence. Grief-stricken and angry, the Woodstock generation learned to channel their emotions, caused by the reality of a raw deal, into

January 12: Led Zeppelin releases their first album. January 20: Richard Nixon BECOMES presidenT.

positive community and coexistence demonstrated at the event. The world was watching and expecting the worst, but what happened was a peaceful example of what utopian idealism could offer, at least for one weekend. After the three days at Woodstock, Jermyn untangled his ice cream truck from the mess and headed back down to Philadelphia where his boss was waiting for him with mixed feelings about the truck’s excessive mileage and an empty freezer. "I think I got a reputation as quite a salesman after selling all that ice cream that weekend," said Jermyn. 


Larry Glass is a Eureka City Councilman and owner of The Works music shops in Eureka and Arcata. Not only an avid fan of music, he also represents the modern-day manifestations of his generation’s political savvy. He describes the ‘60s as a "brief renaissance of music, art and culture."   "I thought it was going to go on forever but then we lost a lot of great musicians," said Glass, referring to the deaths of iconic rock stars like Jimi Hendrix, Janis Joplin and Jim Morrison, who all had drug-related deaths in the early ‘70s. "Woodstock marked the end of a renaissance of art, politics and culture.

For me, the main event of the ‘60s was the Monterey Pop Festival in '68," Glass said. "The protesting was big back then and we had great leaders that taught us how to exercise civil disobedience in a constructive way, but the hippies didn't stop the war. The war ended because eventually everyone knew someone who lost somebody in the war. Hippies were a small group that knew how to make themselves look big. We knew the world was watching. The Yippies were a group of student leaders that practiced a philosophy that relied on the world watching."


"I had never heard of Jimi Hendrix until Larry Glass called me after Monterey Pop and said ‘I saw  this black guitar player light his guitar on fire, Oh my God!’" said Greg MacClelland about a conversation he had with Glass in 1968. In 1969,  MacClelland was 18 years old and wanted to see the country on a road trip to the East Coast. He got in his Volvo and headed to Boston to visit his grandmother. Outside of Sparks, Nev., he picked up two hitchhikers who were trying to get to Providence, R.I., and obliged them with a lift. "They got the golden ticket ride because I was going there anyway," said MacClelland. "It was a simpler time back then, we were altruistic and believed we could change the world." The two travelers

January 30: The Beatles give their last public concert on top of Apple Corps in London. March 25-31: John Lennon and Yoko Ono hold a two-week-long bed-in for peace during their honeymoon to peacefully protest the war.


Greg MacClelland

photo by Alex Gautreaux


already had tickets to Woodstock, and MacClelland decided he might want to check it out.   When he arrived in upstate New York, he was shocked by the enormous crowd and immediately turned off by the extreme humidity. About 500,00 people showed up to the event. "Nobody knew it would be that huge; they were only expecting 40,000,” said MacClelland. “I got there early on Thursday and people just kept coming."  The situation with the crowd and the humidity became intolerable for MacClelland, who came from California, where the quality of venues was high. "The sound was bad and I was used to smaller, more personal shows," he said about why he left the festival early Saturday. "One guy

THEN, 1970

left his bongos in my car and when I got back to California I had to mail them back to New York." While some consider 1969 to be the end of the peace movement, Woodstock held many firsts. It was the first megafestival with camping, one of the first times Santana had played the East Coast and the first time an event ended with the National Anthem (played by Hendrix). The counterculture movement of the 1960s was birthed out of political strife. With emphasis on social justice, awareness and political action,  a  like-minded youth movement dared to be different by making love and not war, and not trusting anyone over 30. In the 21st century, Woodstock lives on through vintage audio and video that have been remastered and re-released. The

magnitude of this event is demonstrated by the mass apeal the the Woodstock Music & Art Fair of 1969 still has 40 years later, including television and film adaptations and countless covers of the songs that inspired a generation. The real lasting legacy in Humboldt is credited to the individuals who moved into the redwood community of Northern California years ago. Emphasis on environment and politics has kept the progressive movement alive. "Humboldt is still one of the only nuclear-free zones and we were the first town to vote down Wal-Mart," said MacClelland proudly. "When Nixon got elected, that's when the wheels fell off," he said. Surprisingly to some, MacClelland also believes "Nixon is a liberal by today's standards. He enacted

April 9: Students at Harvard protest university policies by entering an administration building, evicting eight deans and locking themselves in the building. The following day,400 policemen ARE brought to Harvard and in less than half an hour 185 people are arrested and 45 Are seriously injured. OTHER CAMPUSES TAKE SIMILAR ACTION.


October 21: Jack Kerouac, a founder of the Beat Generation, dies at age of 47.

May 16: U.C. Berkeley is a hot spot for protests and riots.The students took over land THE UNIVERSITY had PURCHASED TO BUILD DORMS and called it “People’s Park.” 30,000 students protested the construction and National Guard Troops were called in.

Peter Jermyn


photo by Torrey Hartman

The EPA (Environmental Protection Agency). We've gone way over to the right since then." The Vietnam war eventually ended but rather than credit protests, MacClelland believes it was due to "six degrees of separation. Everyone knew somebody who died or someone who lost someone," he said. While the global themes of war and strife are still prevalent now, the cultural and political awareness of the ‘60s is unmatched. "The civil rights movement mobilized so many involved in the peace movement. We just needed a cause to unite us," said Glass. Jermyn still wonders "why kids now can't just come together peacefully with purpose. Are they too comfortable? Or, have they lost faith in their power to change the world for the better?"

THEN, 1968

“Aquarius/Let The Sunshine In” —The 5th Dimension “Sugar Sugar” —The Archies “Come Together/Something” —The Beatles “A Boy Named Sue” —Johnny Cash “Bad Moon Rising” —Creedence Clearwater Revival “Sweet Caroline” —Neil Diamond “Touch Me” —The Doors “Lay Lady Lay” — Bob Dylan “I Want You Back” —The Jackson Five “Crimson & Clover” —Tommy James & The Shondells “Honky Tonk Women” —The Rolling Stones 
 “Everyday People”—Sly & The Family Stone 
 “Na Na Hey Hey Kiss Him Goodbye”—Steam 
“Whole Lotta Love”—Led Zeppelin “Build Me up Buttercup” —Foundations 
“Son of a Preacher Man”—Dusty Springfield 
 “Proud Mary”—Creedence Clearwater Revival “Leaving On A Jet Plane” —Peter, Paul & Mary

December 1: The first draft lottery since World War II was held for the Vietnam War. Men between the ages of 18 and 26 were chosen randomly by birth date on radio and TV. The first date pulled was September 14. DECEMBER 4: FRED HAMPTON, CHAIRMAN OF THE CHICAGO BLACK PANTHER PARTY, IS SHOT IN HIS SLEEP DURING A POLICE A RAID AT BLACK PANTHERS HEADQUARTERS.




“Vapours” by Gary Smith

“Vapours,” the third album from Nick Thorburn and friends, also known as Islands, welcomes back long-time collaborator J’aime Tambourine, who left the band after its first album “Return to Sea.” Islands is not your normal band. The group mixes up its sound and has successfully done it with two previous albums. “Return to Sea” was an album with giant sound with some tracks coming in at more than 10 minutes, and included cello, violin and various other classical instruments, and also a rapper. The album was a concept album and all of the songs played very well with each other. Islands’ second album, “Arms Way,” was a departure from the grandiose sound that was “Return to Sea.” That CD featured very straightforward rock ‘n’ roll riffs, and while it still featured violins, they played differently than in their first album. With “Vapours,” the band has managed to make an entirely different sound from anything else they have put out before. “Vapours,” like “Arms Way,” is more straight-forward rock but unlike “Arms Way,” this music plays more like something you would do in your dorm room if you had some free time. The album includes drum machines and sequencing. “Vapours” also has a very distinct sound, with songs like “Switched On” and the title track, “Vapours,” you feel like you are listening to an album that was released in the 1980s, not 2009. That’s not a bad thing, it’s just very different from what one would expect from Islands. If you have never heard Islands, this album is a very easy way to get into them. With tracks like “Disarming the Car Bomb” and “No You Don’t,” it is very easy to just relax and almost forget that you are listening, while other songs like “Shining” just make you want to get up and dance. Islands is a band for people who enjoy Arcade Fire, Wolf Parade and bands of that style.


Press PHOTo/ Aliya Naumoff


“Year in the Kingdom” by Gary Smith

You may not know who J. Tillman is, but there is a good chance that you have heard him before. Tillman, a Seattle native, has toured with bands like Damien Jurado, David Bazan (Pedro the Lion) and most notably and frequently, Fleet Foxes. Aside from touring and recording with those bands, Tillman also writes and plays his own music. Tillman’s new record, “Year in the Press PHOTo Kingdom,” is his sixth solo record and in my opinion, his best. The album sounds like it could be a gospel record if you weren’t listening to the lyrics of the songs, especially “Though I Have Wronged You and There Is No Good In Me.” The record plays like some kind of mix between the new breed of folk music made popular by bands like Wilco, Band of Horses and Bon Iver, and classic artists like Neil Young, and to a lesser extent, Donovan. If you get a chance to see Tillman while he is touring with this album you should because I feel like this is an album that would be even better live in a dark bar. On “Year in the Kingdom,” it is just Tillman and his guitar, so if you aren’t a fan of slow moody music, then this album probably is not for you. But if that is something you would be interested in, give this album a listen and enjoy.

Alice in Chains

Spotlight on a local band: Children of LOCAL The Sun, a local MUSIC: funk-soul band, Children is the best local of The band Sun by Camila Andres I’ve heard in a while. The trio, consisting of bassist Chase LaRue, drummer Surya Sardonicus and guitarist and lead singer Drew Mohr,Children just started jamming of The Sun, a together local funk-soul band, this summer. Listening to them, is one of the best local groupsyou I’vecan heard in a tell the three just click. Through while. The trio, consisting of guitar player Chase their LaRue, entire performance they Sardonicus look drummer Surya and bassist at each other smiling and lead singer Drew Mohr, just started jamming as if to say “hell yes!” together this summer. Listening to them, you and the audience can tell the three just click. Through their entire seems to feellook the at each other smiling as if performance they same way.and the audience seems to feel to say “hell yeah!” From Mohr’s the same way. From Mohr’s soulful, sexy voice, soulful, sexycrazy-fast voice, fingers to Sardonicus’s to LaRue’s to LaRue’s crazy-fast sweet, funky beats, this band seriously rocks. fingers AlltoofSardonicus’s their songs are originals and guaranteed to sweet, funky beats, thisYou can spot Children of The make you dance. bandSun seriously rocks. playing at local venues such as Muddy’s, All ofMosgo’s, their songs are are at Humbrews open-mic night and at originals and guaranteed various Arcata house parties.

“Black Gives Way to Blue” by Matt Hawk

Few things resurrect from the dead better than zombies. With a new album, “Black Gives Way To Blue,” Alice in Chains busts the lid off its coffin, sending soil rocketing toward the sky. From what seemed an imminent musical grave, Jerry Cantrell brings Alice in Chains back to life. The band’s heart beats hard. New singer William DuVall provides the band with a new breath. Those in search of late singer Layne Staley’s wailing heroin-induced vocals will find some disappointment. What they will find instead is DuVall’s arresting, sometimes soulful voice. It is hard to fill the shoes of a vocalist so iconic as Staley, but DuVall more than holds his own. The ferocity of the first tracks bites into your neck, immediately possessing the rest of your body and not letting go until it devours the brain. The grunge-metal colonizers are back to let the world know they are not dead and not going anywhere. With tracks like “All Secrets Known,” “A Looking in View,” and “Last of My Kind,” the band confronts the questions brewing since its early demise. “Hope, a new beginning. Time, time to start living - like just before we died,” sings DuVall on the opening track. Hauntingly smooth tracks slow down the tempo of the album periodically, but are a treasure nonetheless. Elton John even contributes his ivory-tickling abilities for the album’s title track “Black Gives Way to Blue.” Alice in Chains is currently on tour, spreading its legacy and infecting new fans, adding them to Alice’s zombie hoard. If the band keeps rocking with the same intensity, there is no stopping it from consuming all the brain matter in the universe. Well, besides decapitation, that is.

It’s hard to fill the shoes of a vocalist so iconic as Staley, but DuVall more than holds his own.


NEED SOME NEW MUSIC IN YOUR LIFE? By Ray Lombardi It has to be great for attendees and active listeners of the Woodstock Music & Art Fair to look back 40 years after the event and recall the bands that performed in Bethel, N.Y., in 1969. But what about those who were alive in 1969 but weren’t taking note of the historical festival taking place? Bummer, right? Well, now it’s even more difficult to pay attention to the best emerging bands hitting the blogosphere. Here are a few Web sites that make it just a little bit easier, and free: has become one of the more popular online listening/music sales Web sites. After a quick and free registration, you can stream any album they offer. You can also add up to 60 songs to your online collection that you can listen to repeatedly. Lala is used by the popular music criticism Web site Pitchfork and you can also listen to full albums for the first play on their site as well. is similar to Lala in that after a free registration you can stream albums, but it has less of an expansive discography. Instead, its Web site is based around playlists. You can either listen to an album by an artist or listen to a playlist based around that artist’s style contributed by a member of the site. Popular independent music blogs such as Aquarium Drunkard and Gorilla vs.Bear use the free Yahoo Media Player on their Web sites. They post tracks by up- and-coming independent artists daily and also offer MP3s for free download. is a Web site from the middle of Illinois that finds bands traveling across the country and gets them to record four songs live in their studio. With more than 700 artists recorded, this Web site touts itself as the place for “new music discovery.”

by Gary Smith 1. “Blue Ridge Mountain”—Fleet Foxes 2. “My Girls”­­—Animal Collective 3. “Relief”—Cold War Kids 4. “Cannibal Resource”—Dirty Projectors 5. “Det Tar Tid” ­­—Dungen 6. “The Mountain”­­­—Heartless Bastards 7. “Le Fils De Jaques Dutronc”—King Khan 8. “Jesus Etc.” —Wilco 9. “Revolution Soc. 30” —Jon Wesley 10. “Patty lee” —Les Savy Fav

WORLD MUSIC by Camila Andres 1. “Sossego”—Tim Maia- (Brazilian funk) 2. “Krioula” —Clube do Balanço (Brazilian samba rock) 3. “I Want to Take You Higher”— Googoosh (Iranian funk) 4. “Soul Raga” ­— Mehr Pooya (Iranian funk) 5. “M’bifé” — Amadou & Mariam (World fusion from Mali) 6. “Alto e distante daqui” — Ultramen (Brazilian Funk) 7. ” Little old money maker” —Osaka Monaurail (Japanese Funk) 8. “Senegal Fast Food” — Manu Chao and Amadou & Mariam (French and Malian world fusion) 9. “Piri Wango Iya “—Ali Farka Touré & Ry Cooder & (Malian and American world fusion) 10. “Ai Du“—Ali Farka Touré & Ry Cooder & (Malian and American world fusion)


by Lizzi Westwood 1)

“Gracefully Facedown” The Devil Makes Three


“Empires” Sound Tribe Sector 9


“Hot Air Balloon Race” Tater Famine


“Gold Mine Gutted” Bright Eyes


“Jailhouse” Sublime


“Sacrifice” The Expendables


“Good Ways” Sizzla

8) 9) 10)

“Bright Side of Life” Rebelution

“I Don’t Know What To Do” Scarlett Johansson & Pete Yorn “Tiny Dancer” Elton John

The STAFF Chris Tuite

Alex Gautreaux

Chris Bennett

Danny Froloff

Lauresa Burgess

Elizabeth Westwood

Peter Sheppard

Grant Manzi

Jim Smith

Tyler Collins

photos by Chris Tuite

Allyson Riggs

Tom Vidosh

Carlos Esqueda

Matt Hawk

Zig Lawsha

Gary Smith

Jennifer MacKaben

Lauren Perez

Rowan Copley

Ray Lomdardi

Sabrina Graham de Martinez

George Estrada Adviser

WRITERS: Allyson Riggs, Chris Bennett, Danny Froloff, Elizabeth Westwood, Gary Smith, Jennifer MacKaben, Lauren Perez, Lauresa Burgess, Melissa Hutsell, Peter Sheppard, Ray Lombardi, Tyler Collins, Rowan Copley, Zig Lawsha, Matt Hawk, David Dunbar PHOTOGRAPHERS: Alex Gautreaux, Allyson Riggs, Ben Jackson, Carlos Esqueda, Chris Tuite (asst. editor), Lauresa Burgess, Sabrina Graham de Martinez, Torrey Hartman LAYOUT: Meagan Dupre, Ben Jackson, Camila Andres, Octavio Lopez Raygoza, Rowan Copley (asst. editor) ADS: Melissa Kilmer, Melissa Hutsell, Grant Manzi, Jim Smith, David Dunbar COPY EDITORS: Camila Andres, Elizabeth Westwood (asst. editor), Thomas Vidosh


Editor in Chief

Managing Editor

Managing Editor

Dorothyann Guido

Octavio Lopez Raygoza

Meagan Dupre Photo Editor

Layout Editor

The Fall 2009 semester has not been without its obstacles. Furloughs and budget cuts plagued morale. We all got sick at least once, many of us with swine flu. And we lost a loved professor and friend.

Torrey Hartman

Nonetheless, the magazine is beautiful. This one is for

Ben Jackson

Chief Copy Editor

Ad Manager

Camila Andres

Melissa Hutsell

you Wayne.

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great buy





99 155/80TR-13




This is an excellent value on highway and all season radials. Offers a smooth quiet ride and tough steel belt construction.


40,000 mIlE wARRANTy






Professionally Trained Technicians

Factory quality Parts

Best Brake warranty




Boot Piston Seal ea WE REPLACE WE REPLACE WE REPLACE Outer/Inner Sleeve & Pad & Plates Bushings

WE REPLACE Primary y Shoe Return Spring

WE REPLACE Bleeder Screw Caliper p Housing




WE REPLACE Primary Shoe WE REPLACE Shoe Hold-Down Parts WE REPLACE Adjuster j Lever Spring



Mounting • AiR CHECKS • RotAtionS RoAd HAzARd • FlAt REpAiR


m & S RATEd


This tire offers aggressive wet and for pickups, vans and SUVs. This tire delivers rugged good looks without compromising handling, ride comfort or on- and off-road stability.

BRAKE SYMPTOMS TO WATCH FOR: do your brakes grab? do your brakes squeal when you step on the pedal? does your vehicle pull when you apply the brakes? do you hear a grinding noise when you step on the brakes? Is your brake pedal spongy or maybe too hard?

WE REPLACE Secondary Shoe Return Spring WE REPLACE Wheel Cylinder y Assembly

WE REPLACE Secondary y Shoe




YouR SIze IN SToCk, CAll foR SIze & pRICe

Delivers a quiet, comfortable ride, superior stability and control. If you drive a Light Truck or Sport Utility Vehicle this tire is a great choice for you.

why les schwab brakes?



Mounting • AiR CHECKS • RotAtionS RoAd HAzARd • FlAt REpAiR



70,000 mIlE wARRANTy



YouR SIze IN SToCk, CAll foR SIze & pRICe

Designed for maximum performance on highway applications. Features a large tread surface designed for exceptional handling, braking and acceleration.

Over 25 years Experience


open country a/t



Mounting • AiR CHECKS • RotAtionS RoAd HAzARd • FlAt REpAiR





A quality all season tire that features the latest in radial design and performance. It’s modern tread pattern provides quality handling for increased vehicle safety.

sxt A/t

Mounting • AiR CHECKS • RotAtionS RoAd HAzARd • FlAt REpAiR






YouR SIze IN SToCk, CAll foR SIze & pRICe






Mounting • AiR CHECKS • RotAtionS RoAd HAzARd • FlAt REpAiR


YouR SIze IN SToCk, CAll foR SIze & pRICe




YouR SIze IN SToCk, CAll foR SIze & pRICe

Mounting • AiR CHECKS • RotAtionS RoAd HAzARd • FlAt REpAiR




YouR SIze IN SToCk, CAll foR SIze & pRICe



There are many important parts that wear out in your brake system. This is why we don’t just replace your brake pads and shoes. It’s also why we can stand behind our brake service with the best brake warranty. (Free Replacement 25,000 Miles – Parts & Labor).


going where it snows?

Osprey Fall 2009  

The Fall 2009 Issue of the student-run Osprey magazine of Humboldt State University.

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