FOURTH ESTATE Nov. 3, 2014 | Volume 2 Issue 9 George Mason University’s official student news outlet gmufourthestate.com | @IVEstate
WHAT ARE YOU EATING? Students with dietary restrictions unsure of ingredients used at Southside | page 10 (ANNAMARIA WARD/FOURTH ESTATE)
INSIDE: NEWS / NEW IDs / 4 • LIFESTYLE / WINE / 13 • SPORTS / ROYALS / 19
Photo of the Week
Oct. 27 2014-022174 / Hit and Run Complainant (GMU) reported a hit and run of a state vehicle. Offender unknown/fled scene. Damage estimated $1,500. (28/Hensley) Rappahannock Parking Deck / Pending / 7:17 p.m.
Oct. 30 2014-022578 / Drunkenness Officers responded to a report of an intoxicated individual with a dog. Contact was made with the offender (non-GMU) and he was arrested for drunk in public. He was transported to the Fairfax ADC and the dog was given to a family member. (25 / Dean) Hampton Roads / Cleared by arrest / 8:39 p.m.
(AMY PODRAZA/FOURTH ESTATE)
Mason students had the opportunity to buy fresh local vegetables and fruit at the weekly Famerâ€™s Market in North Plaza.
Oct. 31 2014-022622 / Disorderly Conduct Offender (GMU) was throwing wood through the second floor windows of a dorm. Offender was referred to the Office of Student Conduct and Office of Housing and Residence Life. (25 / Dean) Lincoln Hall / Closed / 3:10 a.m.
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POPULAR LAST WEEK 1 Mason
tests alert system through voluntary earthquake drill Mason conducted a voluntary earthquake drill that was meant to prepare students and test the Mason Alert system.
2 School for
Conflict Analysis building new facilites in Lorton The Point of View facilites are set to open in June 2015 in Lorton, Va. and are meant to provide more research and practical experience for S-CAR students.
email login to change later this semester The way students and faculty log in to their email will change later this year amidst changes by Microsoft.
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On p. 16-17, you will notice a deluge of letters to the editor regarding columnist Michael Gryboski’s opinion piece last week entitled, “A Glimpse into Pride Alliance’s Far-Reaching Sexual Agenda.” These letters question the committment and ethics of Fourth Estate in giving Gryboski an opportunity to have his writings be read. While I replied to each of these letters personally through email, I felt it was necessary to give you, the reader, an insight into my thought process. I agree with nearly nothing Gryboski says about cultural, political and social issues in any of his columns. That does not mean his opinion should be devalued. I have stated in prior letters that I intend for Fourth Estate to serve as a facilitator of community discussion. It is my opinion that it is important to disseminate discussion regardless of how much one agrees or disagrees with any singular opinion. The thoughts and opinions of our columnists -- and opinion section -- are independent of those of the staff of Fourth Estate. Even if in principle I strongly oppose his views, I strongly support his freedom of speech. I take culpability in any
offense people might feel from Gryboski’s thoughts by giving him such a platform, but he is a member of the Mason community and the precedent for our organization has been to let thoughts and opinions be heard from those in the Mason community. I think the divisiveness caused by his writing can lead to fostering less polarity in thought. By knowing the arguments from all sides, we can begin to point out factual and logical fallacies in any argument so that we can build a more productive discourse. That Gryboski has the freedom to express his opinion is a good thing even if I feel it’s misguided in content. I want to afford that freedom to anybody in the Mason community who wants to write an opinion column for us every week. Thank you to everyone who wrote to us. We want to promote discussion and learn from each other.
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(AMY PODRAZA/FOURTH ESTATE)
Mason to issue new IDs beginning spring 2015
a chance to work with Metro, we’re set we’re to go. We can make your ID card work into their system, so that you can put money on your card to use for the Metro.” Another new piece of technology is a memory chip. Information necessary to enter certain buildings will be stored in here. The card will also have dual-factor identification, this means the owner will have to swipe and put in a pin to enter a building. “We need to be able to make it that it’s dual because right now you hear about all the hacking people are doing,” Kraner said. “It can be stored and it’s hard to break into this chip, it’s encrypted.” According to Kraner, the contactless memory chip and dual-identification feature will not be active next semester. Only the magnetic stripe used for swiping will be activated. If a current card is faded, cracked or broken, then the Card Office will replace the card free of charge, The new IDs to be issued to students, faculty and staff in the spring of 2015. These cards will be phased into the student population beginning with freshmen. according to Kraner. If not, than a replacement for the new card will cost RAQUEL DESOUZA from student fees. ‘student,’ it’ll say ‘faculty’ [and] ‘staff,’ to check out library books at Mason $20. Also, he warns that students may STAFF WRITER “If we were to do it in one blast, it’s but we’re all going to have the same campuses, in libraries in the Northern not punch holes into these IDs because a quarter of a million dollar expense. card.” Virginia area and in some libraries at it will ruin the technology embedded The Mason Card Office will start So if I phase it, it’s not,” Kraner said. Currently students’ cards are yellow, universities in Washington, D.C., such into them. issuing new IDs to students, faculty The Mason Card Office will allow faculty cards are white, and staff cards as at George Washington University. The card’s exterior design also and staff starting next semester. the class of 2019 to process their cards are green. The IDs will be laminated “So few do it, if you need it you changed. Kraner said that the Johnson Executive Director of Campus online and they can upload their own and everything except for the person’s can go to the library and have them Center was one of six choices for the Retail Operations Mark Kraner says photo, with guidelines. For example, photo will be pre-printed. put one on the back of the card,” new campus image on the ID. The this project has been in the planning the person’s face needs to be showing “The photos start to fade away and Kraner said. “Instead of pre-printing goal was to have the card image fit stages for the past three years. and hats are not allowed. Incoming you start wearing through where you it because until you need it you’re not the university’s first brand profile “It’s been a plan for the last three freshmen will have their IDs ready swipe,” Kraner said. “So we’re trying in any system, it’s just a number. So and represent a new image of the years, we migrate upward and to be to be picked up at orientation in the to get that so it’s better.” we’re generating all these numbers to university able to last 5-7 years because every spring. Kraner said this helps elimiSophomore and art major, Maria go nowhere.” “Communications Department 5-7 years we have to re-card,” Kraner nate the long lines at orientation. Brazao, said that her card is fading This capability, however, does not gave us several selections and there said. “It’s natural because technology According to Kraner, by the end of and gets hard to read the text on it. seem to be widely accessed by students. was a committee that looked at them, gets better and that’s what we’re trying this transition about 45,000-50,000 “The [ID card] is fading and getting Junior David Du said he found out ‘what’s iconic?’ The Johnson Center, to stay with.” cards will be changed. This includes hard to read,” Brazao said. about this feature recently, but does the [Mason] Inn. We looked at George According to Kraner, the cards will full and part-time students, faculty and However, like the photographs, the not plan to use it. [Mason], one profile one not, it was be issued in a three-year phase, start- staff. All of the cards will be the same bar code currently on the front of “Yes I did [know]. Though I only confusing. Again this, with the colors ing with the incoming freshmen. This color. Mason ID cards will be not pre-printed found out this semester from my is iconic to the campus. We had the phased approach brings the total tothe “Now we’re making everybody as it was before. According to Kraner, English 302 professor,” Du said. fountains on the North Plaza, Patriot cost of the cards, which is covered look the same,” Kraner said. “It’ll say this barcode allows Mason students The interior of the card also has Center, and they just didn’t stand out. some changes. Kraner said new This did,” Kraner said. technology is added to the card Kraner said that the Card Office to heighten security and that the also worked with the Creative Services campus police department is Department, Human Resources, already using it to enter their build- Campus IT Security, Housing, Parking ing located at the Fairfax campus. and Physical Security over a three-year One new feature is a contact-less span to help design and approve the chip, also called a proximity chip. new ID card. This will eliminate the need to swipe “Again, we’re preparing for the a card to enter buildings. future,” Kraner said. “It’s the next “There are things that we can class of cards. There are some things do with the card that we don’t do that we’ll get into fairly quick, some are -Mark Kraner, Executive Director of Campus Retail Operations today,” Kraner said. “If we ever get future so that we have some growth.”
“There are things that we can do with the card that we don’t do today. If we ever get a chance to work with Metro, we’re set, we’re ready to go. We can make your ID card work into their system, so that you can put money on your card to use for the Metro.”
Braddock Road and Route 50 undergoing road work
(AMY ROSE/FOURTH ESTATE)
RAQUEL DESOUZA STAFF WRITER
Braddock Road and Route 50 are both currently under construction for road improvements. This month the Virginia Department of Transportation is repaving both directions of Braddock Road’s lanes between Shirley Gate and Ox Road. This project covers approximately three miles of the road. VDOT is paving Braddock from 9 a.m. - 3 p.m. Mondays through Fridays. Mason Parking and Transportation Services sent an e-mail out on Monday, Oct. 20 informing the Mason community about the project’s impact on traffic. “One lane at a time may be closed in each direction. Similar to the Patriot Center traffic, it is highly encouraged to use alternate routes to campus and avoid Braddock Road during these hours,” the e-mail stated. The update was also posted on Mason Parking’s Facebook page and Twitter account. According to the project website, VDOT is also widening Route 50 from a total of 4-6 lanes between Poland Road and Route 28 in Loudoun County. This will widen approximately 3.7 miles of the highway. VDOT also closes lanes for this construction project from 9 a.m. - 3 p.m. in both
directions. Project Manager Larry Tomlinson explains that the decision of when to close lanes is dependent on the type of work crews are performing. “Some lane closures are at night, some during the day. It depends on the work we’ve been doing. We’ve been closing some left lanes to do work along the median. It just depends on what needs to be done and it’s done kind of sequentially. If you’re working on the outside, you have to close the outside lane and shift people to the middle so you can get in there and do the work,” Tomlinson said. VDOT decided to do this project to keep up with the population growth in Loudoun County by improving the roadway capacity. “There’s a lot of construction out in Loudoun County, it’s still going on, and the traffic counts were way up,” Tomlinson said. “That was the two-lane section of the road that we’re widening to three.” Junior Jason Liu commutes on both Route 50 and Braddock Road to get to the Fairfax campus from Loudoun County. “I really wished we didn’t have any construction. It’s because of construction that it takes longer to get to campus,” Liu said. “I am off work at 12 and with a 30 minute commute not including traffic lights and with construction, I don’t
get to campus until 1:15 and I have not found parking yet. I end up having to park in visitor parking in Rappahannock [Parking Deck].” According to the Loudoun County “LongTerm Forecasts: Population Distribution Map Series” report, most of the county’s growth is concentrated in the Eastern part of the county located near Dulles International Airport. “Loudoun County is ranked the 17th fastest growing County in the United States between 2010 and 2012,” the report stated. Recent completions of the long-term project include opening up three lanes going eastbound from Poland Road to Route 28 on Aug. 28 of this year. “We opened the three lanes in the eastbound direction and it’s helped with the morning commute quite a bit,” Tomlinson said. But VDOT dealt with multiple setbacks during the early phases of the project. Tomlinson said this included getting the property for the lane expansion and installing miles of communication utilities lines, as well as unpredictable weather in winter 2013. “The last winter was pretty rough as far as the weather…well the pavement parking was being done but there was a lot of salt and sand. The traffic just ate up the pavement markings, the paint,” Tomlinson said. “In the early phases
of the project we had temporary asphalt so we would widen the road to temporarily shift traffic over so we could do work on one side or the other. The interface between the old asphalt and the new temporary asphalt caused a lot of problems with the potholes this past winter.” According to Tomlinson, VDOT has gotten complaints from people about the construction, but it has lessened since the three lanes opened going eastbound. “We’ve gotten complaints off-and-on throughout the entire project, which is pretty much normal for a project on a major corridor,” Tomlinson said. Carrington Story, a Mason senior, takes Braddock Road for his commute from Nokesville in Prince William County to the Fairfax campus. He said that the slow driving and lane closures due to the repaving project adds about 20 minutes to his commute. “There are alternate routes, but they add 15 to 30 miles on top of the trip, and aren’t worth it,” Story said. The construction on Route 50 started in October of 2011 and according to Tomlinson, it is on schedule to be complete by November of 2015.
Same-sex marriage provides little for millennials ELLEN GLICKMAN STAFF WRITER
everything is done. So the confirmation of that American progress story can circulate here, and we can say, ‘Well, we’ve taken care of LGBTQ inequality, and now everything is fine.” Ric Chollar, Associate Director of LGBTQ Resources at Mason, said the transgender community is in need of more social progress. “For trans folks, changes have been happening but much more slowly and lots of violence and lots of obstacles to health care and lots of problems still exist for trans folks, so being out and coming out has become easier for folks in the gay and lesbian part of the LGBTQ [community], but I wouldn’t necessarily say that’s the case for trans folks,” Chollar said. Surveys have shown getting married is not as prominent a life goal for millennials as it was for previous generations, causing some news sources to suggest same-sex marriage legalization may not strongly affect the millennial LGBTQ population.
(WALTER MARTINEZ/FOURTH ESTATE)
Earlier this month, a Supreme Court decision legalized same-sex marriage in five states, and Mason students weighed in on the generational impact of this change. On Oct. 6, the Supreme Court decided not to hear cases aiming to reinstate states’ bans on gay marriage. This decision legalized same-sex marriage in Virginia, Indiana, Oklahoma, Utah and Wisconsin. Since then, same-sex marriage has been legalized in six other states as a result of the decision. Sophomore Desmond Moffitt, a University Scholar, said legalization made a statement “to people of our generation [that] changes can be made, but it will take looking at the fight that it took for it to be legalized.” Senior Daniel Bond also thought the fight for legalization could be fodder for future change. “I particularly hope LGBTQ millennials will see the huge changes that have already been made and use those changes as inspiration for continuing change, particularly since so many of the previous generation of LGBTQ leaders were killed in the AIDS epidemic,” Bond said. Moffitt and Bond are part of the millennial generation - those between the ages of 18-34. Poll numbers have shown millennials overwhelmingly support gay marriage - polls range from 66% to 80% support. Moffitt and sophomore Kate Loving think individualism is responsible for the generation’s nature of tolerance. “Our generation specifically is really individualistic,” Loving said. “Because of that, we care a lot less about what other people are doing.” “I don’t feel the need to identify because my generation is developing,” Moffitt said. “I don’t feel the need or pressure to identify solely with one identity prescribed for me.” Moffitt said millennials have realized people’s personal lives do not significantly impact each other and are starting to develop “a thought process where what you do with your life doesn’t really affect me.” Loving said that is why they are supportive of gay marriage; millennials do not think it will have an effect on them. “It doesn’t make any sense to us why that wouldn’t be allowed,” Loving said.
“Our generation really values people as people,” Loving said. “…I care way more about who you are as a person than the clothes you’re wearing, your sexuality, the race you are. I don’t care.” Senior Zach Wilcox does not think legalization will have a direct impact on the millennial generation. “They obviously appreciate the decision, but it doesn’t particularly matter at this point in their lives,” Wilcox said. “Millennials are generally not ready to marry.” He said, though, the decision still gives him hope. “My boyfriend and I have only been together for a couple of months, but it’s great knowing that we can one day start thinking about marriage seriously and no longer have to have the realization that it’s not legal and possible,” Wilcox said. Mason cultural studies professor Craig Willse does not think that the Supreme Court decision will increase equality for LGBTQ communities in the millennial generation or otherwise. According to Willse, the institution of marriage is inherently unequal, and can harm the progress of rights for the gay and lesbian populations. “If we recognize marriage as an inherently discriminatory institution,” Willse said, “one that rewards certain family arrangements and then punishes those that don’t fit that model - if we recognize marriage in those terms - then same-sex marriage actually is strengthening and giving more power to an inherently discriminatory institution.” He said this might actually be “a step back” in the gay rights movement. Willse also added the debates concerning same-sex marriage represent “an important symbolic shift.” “Debates around same-sex issues have helped moved LGBTQ issues into public light in a way they are not always,” Willse said.
Willse said he does not “want to minimize the effect” of the shift for some people because seeing this issue in the limelight can be “an affirming process in their own lives.” However, the decision will not change the daily lives of the LGBTQ community, which is a true measure of social justice, according to Willse. “The only thing same-sex marriage accomplishes is it distributes a little more broadly the benefits of a discriminatory institution,” Willse said. Wilcox agreed that other efforts besides marriage equality enact greater change in the lives of the LGBTQ community. “While marriage equality is important, it is not stopping LGBTQ couples from being together,” Wilcox said. “It is just stopping them from living their lives to the fullest. Unemployment discrimination and police violence
are problems that exist and that stop people in the LGBTQ community from living their lives. That is the difference.” Bond said legalization will impact day-to-day lives by de-stigmatizing non-heterosexual couples and individuals. “Inclusivity in marriage, a key cultural institution, validates our relationships and will continue to positively affect daily life for the LGBTQ community,” Bond said. According to Willse, as a nation, we equate supporting same-sex marriage with supporting LGBTQ people even though that may not be the case. Willse said the court’s decision can harm the progress of gay rights because it may create a false sense of accomplishment. “The problem is the illusion that now we’re equal,” Willse said. “That
A poll in Rolling Stone gathered that 44% of millennial women think “marriage is an important part of being an adult” compared to 63% of millennial men. A Time article stated that less and less “young people are getting married and many are getting married later.” The article cited a Pew Research Center report that said 20% of Americans older than 25 have never been married, compared to 9% in 1960. Another Pew Research Center survey that found 69% of 18 to 24 year olds think “society is just as well off ” if getting married and having children are not common priorities. These attitudes toward marriage are in line with the inter-generational trend that marriage is less of a priority with each new generation. Willse said this is an interesting time to debate the legalization of same-sex marriage. “Same-sex marriage has come at an interesting moment in that all these other areas of social, cultural life in the U.S., people have been questioning marriage, critiquing it politically or just moving away from it as a cultural norm,” Willse said.
news Middle East Studies magazine recognized in NYT
An online magazine staffed by several Mason professors and graduates has become one of the top publications in Middle Eastern studies. Jadaliyya, co-founded by the director of Mason’s Middle East Studies Program Bassam Haddad, provides in-depth commentary on current events and culture in the Middle East. It has received high praise from scholars in the field with articles regularly appearing on college class syllabi across the country. “What we’re looking for is something that adds to our knowledge in ways that are original, in ways that are refreshing, in ways that are valuable to the people of the region,” said Haddad, who teaches in the School of Policy, Government and International Affairs. “It’s that organic quality that we seek, which keeps us in touch with the region.” The New York Times recognized Jadaliyya in an Oct. 12 article, cementing its reach beyond the academic world. “The magazine is read nearly globally,” said Noura Erakat, a co-editor of Jadaliyya and assistant professor in New Century College at Mason. “The fact that it’s featured in the New York Times means it has mainstream relevance that’s undeniable. It has a trajectory of growth.” Haddad and Erakat attribute the magazine’s popularity to its unique coverage, departing from traditional analysis on the Middle East, which tends to emphasize politics and foreign affairs. In contrast, Jadaliyya covers a variety of topics, from gender and law to language and art. According to Haddad, this not only broadens the publication’s potential audience but also provides a more thorough, accurate picture of Middle Eastern society. “We are trying to cover the entire region from east to west, as opposed to many other publications, which say they are covering the region but only focus on the hot topics,” Haddad said. “We’re actually trying to cover even the marginalized countries that don’t get much press.” The magazine aims to combine, in Erakat’s words, scholarly expertise and local knowledge. “The most serious blogs [on the Middle East] were… mostly concerned with what lawmakers believed, so they’re very policy-oriented and oriented to U.S. national interests,” Erakat said. “There were no blogs that reflected both an internal discussion to those people who live in the Middle East and reflected their interests as well.” Jadaliyya also benefits from what Haddad calls its “indigenous element.” Many contributors live in or originate from the Middle East, allowing the magazine to incorporate local experiences, perspectives and ideas. “People say that Jadaliyya represents people in the region because this is also who writes for Jadaliyya,” Haddad said. The site publishes in four languages: Arabic, English, French and Turkish. Haddad first envisioned Jadaliyya in 2003 as a blog to accompany the Arab Studies Journal, the peer-reviewed publication he and some colleagues had started in the early 1990s. However, by the time it officially launched in 2010, the political climate in the Middle East had changed. What was supposed to be a casual side-project turned into a more all-consuming venture. “As a result of the Arab uprisings, which began within three months of Jadaliyya’s establishment…” Erakat said “It suddenly takes on a different character of being more than just blog-ish and instead having essays that reflect someone’s
entire corpus of their scholarly pursuits.” Since then, the magazine has expanded from its original six founders to include 21 editorial teams, each specializing in a different topic or country. Produced by the non-profit Arab Studies Institute, Jadaliyya is run primarily on a voluntary basis. Only in 2011 did it receive external funding from the Social Science Research Council and the Open Society Institute. Contributors are recruited through the editors’ pre-existing professional and academic networks, though as the magazine becomes more prominent, more readers request to participate. “Once we reached a certain level where people developed faith and confidence in what we were doing, [Jadaliyya] basically promoted itself and attracted automatically people who wanted to be heard,” Haddad said. “Now they have an option that is not part of the dominant narrative in the United States on the Middle East; they have an alternative viewpoint.” Reflecting its roots as a project among friends, Jadaliyya does not follow a hierarchy. Writers come up with their own story ideas, and the editorial team collectively agrees on which ones to publish. This structure generates a strong sense of solidarity but can also pose some challenges. “This is not a blind review process,” Erakat said. “Everybody knows who the editors are, so if a piece is rejected, everyone knows who rejected that piece. There are sensitivities involved regarding the ego.” Some have criticized Jadaliyya for its visible political stance on events such as the 2013 military coup in Egypt and the ongoing Israel-Palestinian conflict. The New York Times profile described the magazine as “left-of-center.” The editors acknowledge that they work within a specific perspective, often critical of Western policies and activities in the Middle East. However, they find the critique misplaced. “I consider everything political,” Erakat said. “News is not unbiased. There’s no such thing as objectivity. I also believe that scholarship, in all of its senses, is biased because you begin from a certain place. There’s a particular point of departure that’s picked to the exclusion of other points… and I think that makes it political.” Haddad mentioned that in offering an alternative to mainstream media, which he said tends to be moderate or conservative, Jadaliyya is “automatically labeled ‘left-of-center.’” “But if ‘left-of-center’ means we have a disproportionate interest in social justice issues, issues of equality and issues of gender rights and sexual rights,” Haddad said. “Then we’re comfortable with that label.” In addition, the editors refute the notion that Jadaliyya ignores conflicting viewpoints or discourages debate. “[The editors] conduct quarterly meetings in which they discuss possible ways to improve and how to address them,” said Zaina Konbaz, a Mason graduate who serves as assistant editor for Jadaliyya’s Egypt page. “Additionally, Jadaliyya has thousands of contributors and over 80 volunteers living in different countries. I think the magazine has surpassed the issue of homogeneity.” As stressful as it can be, Jadaliyya is a source of pride for those who work on it. “You don’t work for the magazine,” Erakat said. “It almost feels like you’re working for yourself because you’re not doing this work for anybody. You’re doing this work and you’re very much a part of it. And it’s absolutely fun.”
(LAURA BAKER/FOURTH ESTATE)
AMY WOOLSEY STAFF WRITER
#GMU “So exciting to see everyone tweeting about submitting their GMU applications!!” #GMU @ClaireBorne3 Claire Johnson “Only at GMU do you ﬁnd a farmers market in the middle of campus.” #GMU (WALTER MARTINEZ/FOURTH ESTATE)
@JClem19 Justin Clemens
“Modeling my new Halloween Costume. Do you like? #HappyHalloween” #GMU
Students and communitiy members enjoyed traditional tea and hookah at the first Arab fest on North Plaza on Thursday.
POPULAR LAST WEEK 1 Film 2
America’s Review: education Pumpkin “Fury” important in Obsession eliminating This movie has AIDS The amount of
@GMUchipmunks GMU Chipmunks ”Here’s our Writing Center staff! Visit them in Robinsn A, the JC, Enterprise, Mason Global Center and Founders Hall.” #GMU
@GMU_English GMU English
an excellent cast and compelling screenplay. It’s is a movie that everyone should see.
pumpkin flavored products increases every year, and the pumpkin trend continues to sweep the nation. The reason may be it brings back nostalgic feelings from America’s history.
The Walk to End HIV is important in increasing awareness of the disease and reducing the stigma against those with AIDs. The more we know, the closer we will be to eradicating it.
(WALTER MARTINEZ/FOURTH ESTATE)
Lack of ingredient labels leaves students in the dark
(AMY PODRAZA/FOURTH ESTATE)
MATT TILLER STAFF WRITER
Mason dining halls are taking precaution for students with food allergies and intolerances. The recent change in dining administration has brought some hope to what students can expect from their experience with student dining. “We have administration that is willing to work with the students,” said Storm Pagila, head of the Student Government Dining Committee. “If they were to go in today rather than a few years ago, it would be a very different experience. If they were to go in, they shouldn’t accept being handed off to a manager.” Michel Wetli, Sodexo’s new General Manager at Mason, is pushing to identify and address any problems as early possible. “There’s a whole form students fill out at registration, and if they have anything that’s flagged, they automatically go straight to the dietitian, who’ll walk them through the process and the stations,” Wetli said. This form appears to be a recent addition to dining policy. “In terms of allergies, I legitimately don’t remember any form regarding allergies, and mine are pretty severe,” student Jenna Gray said, describing her orientation several years ago. “I would have remembered having to meet with
a dietitian. Instead I was told essentially to ‘be careful’ by a person at Southside.”
was soy based, as was any oil used for frying,” Cumings said.
When Ryon Cumings signed up for the “Ultimate” meal plan in 2010, he was under the impression that while his Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency may limit what he was able to eat, he would still be able to get by.
When Cumings learned that freshman were required to have the “Anytime” meal plan, given that it limits students to dining halls such as Southside and those that employ similar practices, he immediately voiced concern.
G6PD disorder rendered him unable to eat soy. It is a hereditary condition in where the body doesn’t have enough G6PD, which helps red blood cells function normally.
Cumings describes his condition as being “the most common enzyme disorder amongst man.”
His meal plan limited him to Southside where he thought there would be enough variety of choices in meals. This quickly proved itself not to be the case. “It didn’t matter how cautious I was. A day didn’t go by that I wasn’t sick,” Cumings said. Cumings experiences various symptoms, “If I’m lucky, the consequences can be as small as my eyes flushing yellow. If I’m not that lucky, that’s when things can go south very quickly. Eating things I’m not supposed to, it kills my red blood cells. What that means, if I’m eating things I’m not supposed to, I’m in a state of anemia. If anything else was to occur, and anything else that does isn’t really under my control, if I get sick in general, I could go in hemolytic shock and die,” Cumings said. “I realized that the grill spray they used for anything that needed to be need to be non-stick
While trying to meet with the dietitian, Cumings states that he was “passed off to someone who claimed to be the manager.” During the process, he had brought up the possibility of warning labels. “I wasn’t expecting them to stop using the oil,” Cumings said, “why would I, that’s a mass change. I just wanted it labeled where one wouldn’t necessarily expect it. When you dunk the pasta is soy based oil after it’s already been finished being prepared, how am I supposed to guess that?” Cumings’ concern was only compounded by the fact that the language barrier between himself and Southside employees made it difficult to find out what foods might contain or be contaminated by soy. “To find out if they used soy frying oil, I had to ask the people cooking, and the first time, they didn’t even know,” Cumings said. “When I asked what type of oil they used, they didn’t understand
the question.” According to Cumings, the manager at the time told him that “for it to be significant enough to put a notice that it had soy content, it had to get to the point where it would be a government mandate, or he wouldn’t consider. We’re only labeling the peanuts because it was this big government issue, and then added to his point that even peanut allergies were not that big an issue.” Wetli is also aiming to have employees better able to identify what allergens a food may contain. “We are broadening our scope as far as our allergy program goes, which is inclusive of training,” Wetli said. In addition to early identification and consultation for problems, as well as making employees more well-versed on the subject, Wetli is pressing for more accommodations for be made for those with allergies and intolerances. Wetli describes his project as being “an allergen free, gluten free cooler. The idea is that it’ll be a table-top cooler, it will say allergen free, gluten free zone. It will have a separate toaster, separate microwave. We’ll have segregated items for example. We’ll have other little thing in there, for example, something that may be prepackaged… so that they don’t have to worry about cross contamination.”
lifestyle International Café: A Taste of Mason Diversity
ELENA GALINDO STAFF WRITER
International Café, more colloquially known as iCafé, was established in 2011 as an extension of International Week. Each semester, two iCafé events are held where students come together to taste traditional snacks and drinks from a variety of countries and states. Aside from trying exotic snacks, students can also participate in traditional games, win prizes by answering trivia questions, learn how to make crafts or simply mingle with other students from diverse backgrounds. iCafé, held at the Student Union Building I, is sponsored by the Office of International Programs and Services and the Peer Empowerment Program, but is a student-led initiative with an emphasis on community building and on spreading cultural awareness within the Mason community.
(CLAIRE CECIL/FOURTH ESTATE)
Students came to enjoy typical snacks and games from New Zealand, Moldova, Mexico, France, Spain, Japan and the state of Virginia as a part of International Week.
other people’s cultures.” For Catherine Healy, a Mason Alumni and iCafe volunteer, iCafé is an opportunity to interact with other students at Mason. “This is a big world, and International Café gives me a change to embrace what it has to offer,” Healy said. “I am of Russian heritage and I enjoyed meeting other students who speak the Russian language through International Café.” “International Café introduces me to countries I have never heard of and gives me a chance to talk to other students from different countries about what their culture is like,” Cha said.
Senior and PEP member Haran Cha has been volunteering for iCafe for the past two years.
Anyone may choose to volunteer at the event and to attend the weekly iCafé Planning Team meetings.
“I come from a Korean background, and did not know about all the different countries and cultures that GMU students are a part of,” Cha said. “There may be people from many different countries and cultures, but not all really go outside of their bubble to learn about other cultures. [Because] George Mason is such a diverse campus, I wanted to be a part of a group that promotes diversity on campus. International Café is a great gateway to getting people interested in learning about
Countries and states represented at each International Café event are randomly selected by the student volunteers, and they vary at each iCafé. This is to ensure that as many cultures as possible are represented and to allow a diverse group of Mason students to become involved in the process. International Café has an educational focus. Student volunteers set up tables with posters, pictures, books and pamphlets with information about different cultural events, customs and traditions.
iCafé visitors are encouraged to engage in discussions with the volunteers. International student Rina Murano sees volunteering at iCafé as both an opportunity to educate and to be educated. “I felt that this was a great opportunity to introduce Japan to [those] who don’t know about it,” Murano said. “Through this event, I was able to meet many people who were interested in Japan or other cultures. I was also able to learn about other cultures by participating in the event as well.” Educating peers is equally as important to Healy. “Eastern Europe is often misunderstood, but volunteering here is one way to spread knowledge about my people, their culture and their history,” Healy said. “I hope that people will become more informed about what is really happening in the world.”
ELECTION DAY SPECIAL! On Nov 4th, we support those who take the time to Vote. One Medium 1 Topping Pizza…
(Must present flyer, have “I Voted” sticker, or mention this special) Single pizza valid for Carry Out at participating locations only. (Order 3 or more for delivery, Pan Crust additional, tax & delivery charge not included, $9 Minimum Delivery) OTHER PARTICIPATING LOCATIONS: Kamp Washington: 10895 Main St (Fairfax City) 703-352-9800 Oakton: 2972 Chain Bridge Rd, (Oakton) 703-255-0900 Kings Park: 8962 Burke Lake Rd, (Kings Park Shopping Center) 703-764-2807 Pan Am: 9127 Lee Hwy (Pan Am Shopping Center) 703-280-5950
Ask about our Student Specials!
Cha further hopes that iCafé can help foster acceptance within the Mason community.
Must mention special when ordering. Offer can’t be combined with other offers or specials. Prices do NOT include sales tax. Delivery areas may be limited to ensure safe driving and excellent service. Deep dish & Brooklyn crusts are additional. Delivery charges may apply. Drivers carry LESS than $20.00 MINIMUM DELIVERY is $9.00
“I think having this opportunity is great because learning about different cultures brings people together and promotes acceptance,” Cha said.
HOURS OF OPERATION during GMU School Year… Mon-Thurs 10:30am until 1am and Fri-Sat until 2am (Summer and Mason school break hours we close at 12mid Mon-Thu and 1am Fri-Sat)
The next International Café event will be held on Wednesday, Nov. 5, from 12-2 p.m. in SUB I.
10649-A Braddock Rd (University Mall)
Chinese music scholars visit Mason Exchange program tries to strengthen cultural understanding
(AMY ROSE/FOURTH ESTATE)
Hannah Menchhoff sits down to talk with Zhang Haifeng.
HANNAH MENCHHOFF ONLINE LIFESTYLE EDITOR
Mason’s School of Music has welcomed two of the top musicians from China as visiting scholars. Zhang Haifeng is a conductor for the People’s Liberation Army Band and Gu Jinqiu is a clarinetist in the band. Over the course of the semester, Zhang and Gu have observed classes and rehearsals. Gu even played in the orchestra for the school of theater’s “The Mystery of Edwin Drood.” For the last 15 years, Mason has developed a growing relationship with China. However, this exchange with the PLA cultivated in a historic concert at the Kennedy Center. “Back in 2011, the People’s Liberation Army Band of China was invited by the United States Army band, our guys here in Washington, to present a joint concert together at the Kennedy Center. I attended that performance,” Mark Camphouse, a professor in the School of Music and director of the wind symphony, said. “The whole notion behind inviting the Chinese with their top military band to play with one of our top military bands at this
great concert hall was to try to promote the lessening of tensions between the two countries, to promote more mutual understanding and cooperation, not only between elected officials, but among our two militaries. I thought what a great idea.” Since the concert, the U.S Army Band has played a reciprocal concert in China. Concurrently, William Reeder, the dean of the College of the Visual and Performing Arts, was talking with Sherwood Goldberg, the senior advisor on Asian affairs at the Center for Naval Analysis. At one time, Goldberg worked as the assistant for Secretary of State Alexander Haig. “One time I worked for General Haig in a political effort, and Mr. Goldberg remembered me when Dean Reeder mentioned that I was on the faculty here at Mason. Mr. Goldberg said, ‘do you mean Mark Camphouse the composer? I know of him.’ And Dean Reeder said, ‘yes, that’s who we have on the faculty,’” Camphouse said. “And that led to Mr. Goldberg calling me and wanting to know if Mason, the School of Music at Mason, would like to be considered by the Chinese, a delegation of five officers from the PLA, to check us out. To see what it would be like if they sent some of their best players and conductors to Mason to study.” Following this, in December of 2012, the PLA looked into a number of music schools on the east coast, the Julliard School
in New York, the Curtis Institute in Philadelphia, the Peabody Conservatory in Baltimore and Mason. Ultimately, Mason was chosen to take part in this exchange. Reeder hopes that this exchange will help to bridge the gap between cultures and further better relations. His motivation for this program is the desire to see Americans and Chinese compose a new, original piece together. “Well, there’s so many levels of [the Chinese and American] relationship. The arts are a shared language of the world. It’s a common language. It’s not political, it’s not economic, it’s social in the sense of art, culture, social life, and it’s where you see the common emotional shared values as part of the whole substance of it,” Reeder said. “It’s really rewarding. You don’t worry about the East Sea or cyber security or whatever the political issue is of the day. It’s really just artists at work, and I think that’s really good.” While here, Zhang and Gu have been learning about the way in which Americans, especially in secondary education, teach music. In the U.S., music education is focused greatly on method and performance, while China devoted education to technique. “[There are] many, many differences in education[of] music,” Zhang said. A big surprise for Zhang was seeing Mason music professors like
John Kilkenny, director of Percussion Studies, recording a CD for kids to learn from. “Many high level players playing music for kids,” Zhang said. Moreover, the process of becoming a musician differs. In the United States, a child can choose from a young age which instrument they want to play. In China, the decision is often guided by the parents. Although Zhang wanted to play an instrument, his father guided him towards learning the clarinet. “What I’ve learned, the military musicians in China go through a military music structure that’s different than ours here,” Kilkenny said. “If you go through the military music programs in China, that’s the way you get into the PLA band, you have to go through the school. You go through military school for music, and then to military band. Which is different than here in America.” Zhang for example, entered the PLA music school at the age of 16, where he studied the clarinet for three years. At the age of 19, he joined the PLA Band as a musician. Eight years later he was encouraged to attend the Central Conservatory of Music in Beijing to study conducting. Kilkenny is encouraging Zhang’s teaching and conducting style for students in the school of music.
Obviously, speaking limited English, but really communicating through the musical ideas what he wants. And that’s incredibly important for our students and a really neat thing for them.”
Wine Month Virginia’s wine industry continued producing fine wine in a whiskey-obsessed country. As the century turned, Virginia wine was hit hard by prohibition. Wine plantings are very fragile and temperamental to cultivate, and ten years of neglect can destroy an industry. When prohibition came to an end, Virginia had a pathetic fifteen acres of wine plantings, while Europe continued to produce quality wine.
Although the motions of conducting do not change, it is important for music students to learn to work with conductors from different cultures. Because Zhang works with high caliber musicians in China, he is trying to raise students to that level. The concert will include a local high school and Chinese music that has never been played before in the United States. They are original songs composed by members of the PLA band. Zhang will be conducting these pieces. “They are [playing] Chinese marching music and the other is a Chinese folk song,” Zhang said. For now, the contract for Zhang and Gu will complete when the semester ends, and they will be returning to work with the PLA Band. Reeder hopes to see this exchange continue and believes that these positive people-to-people relationships only help to build foundation for future projects. “We don’t have a formal next step with these professionals, with the People’s Liberation Army, but I’d be shocked if it didn’t take place,” Reeder said. “I hope it does.”
In a concert on Nov. 13, Zhang will be conducting Mason’s wind symphony, which is composed of three pieces. Gu will be performing as clarinet soloist. “One very good thing for our students is not only are they working with different conductors this semester. But, Colonel is one of the most important musicians in China and for our students to have the opportunity to work with him, someone at that caliber, is something they wouldn’t normally get even from another local military band conductor. It’s a big deal,” Kilkenny said. “Also it’s good for them to learn how to work with a conductor whose first language isn’t English because they need to be able to understand by watching his gestures, what is expected.
George Mason University Police Department PUBLIC NOTICE
The George Mason University Police Department is scheduled for an on-site assessment to achieve re-accreditation by verifying it meets the professional standards administered by the Commission for Accreditation for Law Enforcement Agencies, Inc. (CALEA). The reaccreditation program requires agencies to comply with state-of-the-art standards in four basic areas: policy and procedure, administration, operations, and support services. University members, agency employees and the public are invited to offer comments by calling (703) 993-4718 on Nov. 13th between 12 pm – 2 pm. Or they may attend a public hearing on Nov. 13th at 4 pm at SUB II (The HUB) rooms 4 & 5. Comments will be taken by the Assessment Team, are limited to 10 minutes and must address the department’s ability to comply with CALEA’s standards. The standards are available at http://www.calea.org/content/standards-titles. For questions, contact Cheryl Goss at email@example.com or by calling (703) 993-2815.
This week marks the end of Virginia Wine Month, which celebrates one of the oldest wine regions in America and is deserving of a moment of reflection on it history and its wine. Although Virginia is not the birthplace of American wine (that honor goes to a French effort near Jacksonville, FL in the 1560s), it has found a home in the old dominion for over 400 years. Wine was a hopeful cash crop in Virginia before tobacco dominated its farmland. The colonial government even went as far as to mandate farmers to grow at least ten vines in the early 1600s. Unfortunately, very little came of that particular piece of legislation, and Virginia wine limped along until one of its native sons and biggest champions Thomas Jefferson became the U.S. Ambassador to France. During his tenure as ambassador, Jefferson toured southern France’s wine regions of Bordeaux, Burgundy and Languedoc (particularly Limoux, where an award winning sparkling wine carries his name). After serving as ambassador, Jefferson became resolute: Virginia would have wine that would rival the European powers, and Jefferson was determined to be the man to make that happen, even planting vines at his Virginia home, Monticello. Unluckily for Jefferson, the European vines he tried so hard to cultivate ran into the same issue Virginia settlers’ earliest efforts faced. They were being eaten from within by mites called Phylloxera. However the European vines’ American cousin, vitis labrusca had built up a resistance to the mite, enabling American wines like Virginia’s own Norton to grow and expand with impunity. Jefferson saw some of the first successful vintages of Norton before his death in 1826, but unfortunately it was not until 1873 that Virginia Norton won the “best red wine of all nations” at the Vienna World’s Fair and again at the 1889 World’s Fair in Paris. After these successes in international tastings,
It was not until as recently as the 1970s that Virginia became widely planted again. Today, Virginia is the fourth largest wine-producing state in America, behind California, New York, Oregon and Washington State. Virginia has over 230 active wineries, and in 2011 Virginia wines won 14 medals at the Decanter Magazine World Wine Awards. I would be remiss if I didn’t share with you some of the wines from right here in northern Virginia that had me celebrating this month in style. Clifton, the small wooded town that sits in Mason’s backyard is home to the Paradise Springs Winery. This is an absolutely stunning way to spend an afternoon. With a tasting fee of $15 and an all-encompassing vineyard tour at $25, it is a beautiful way to spend one’s afternoon. Their Chardonnay is a constant staple in my cellar, and they also produce a wonderful Viongier, and, of course, Norton. Although they are a bit of a drive from campus, Leesburg’s Tarara Winery is a favorite of many Virginia wine fanatics. With a wonderful traditional line of single varietals and blends that satisfy even the most discerning palate, they have an experimental series called the boneyard for the more adventurous and unconventional wine drinkers in us. A few other wineries within a day’s drive of campus certainly worth visiting include Boxwood Estate, Vint Hill Winery, Bull Run Winery and Potomac Point. Virginia Wine Month may have ended, but you certainly do not have to wait until next October to enjoy wine from the Old Dominion. Harvest season is just around the corner. Cheers! Connor Smith is a senior communication major, sommelier and wine educator working in the Northern Virginia area. His mission in life is to find the world’s best sandwich and perfect beer to pair with it.
Yearbook Portraits Are Back! Attention all Mason students:
Alex Green is the Music Director and Asst. Program Director for WGMU Radio which broadcasts at WGMUradio.com. Green offers his recommendations on new music.
Homeshake In The Shower (Sinderlyn) Peter Sagar, known for his tenure as a guitarist for Mac Demarco, has left to pursue his solo career under the melancholic funk/jazz moniker Homeshake. From the beginning, Sagar soothes you with “She Can’t Leave Me Here Alone Tonight,” a track that evokes a sparse, emptiness associated with losing a significant other through the use of simple chord repetition and sense of hauntingly desperate near-falsetto vocals. Throughout the record, Sagar does an impeccable job using his vocals to gently float above the coffee-house type smooth jazz whether it is on the gawkily chopped epilogue “Home At Last” or the eerily carefree glissandos during the bridge of his second lead single “Making A Fool Of You.” In The Shower, presents itself as a pensive piece by using minimal percussive elements and airy hypnagogic-like melodies to bring light to past internal vulnerabilities without losing its awkward sense of seductiveness. Similar to: Mac Demarco, Diane Coffee, White Pepper era Ween
Flying Lotus You’re Dead (Warp) Steven Ellison’s fifth studio album expounds on the constantly concurrent theme of death that has surrounded him in recent years; most notably from the unfortunate loss of young jazz pianist and label-mate Austin Peralta last
year as well as his great-aunt Alice Coltrane in 2007. With what Ellison initially believed to be a “traditional” jazz record “from a hard bop kind of standpoint” he tells Rolling Stone, ended up being a complex mix of experimental hip-hop, prog rock, fusion, IDM and the closest thing we’ve seen to free jazz on a FlyLo record. The seamless and ethereal juxtaposition of these genres are accompanied by world-class musicians spanning from rap icons Kendrick Lamar and Snoop Dogg, jazz legend Herbie Hancock and Brendon Small of Metalocolypse, to name a few. Ellison constructively presents death across a gamut of emotions in relatively quick outbursts without sacrificing the quality and craft of each distinct movement. This frenetic yet delicately composed record evokes an abstract but definite outcome that we contemplate over the entirety of life in just forty minutes. Similar to: Sun Ra, Herbie Hancock, Thundercat, Teebs
Mr Twin Sister Self-Titled (Infinite Best/Twin Group) Charismatic Long Island indie pop quintet formerly known as Twin Sister has shown quite some promise despite a tumultuous past. Recently, the group has parted with indie powerhouse label Domino (Arctic Monkeys, Franz Ferdinand) citing “creative frustration” according to DIY Magazine, as well as suffered a severe car accident mid-tour leaving all five members in the hospital. Despite these recent distractions, Mr Twin Sister pulls off creating incredibly lush and introspective arrangements on a purely democratic creative process, a rarity in today’s industry. “Sensitive” takes its time opening the record with two minutes of crescendoing synth arpeggios accompanied by a dreamy Andrea Estella cooing about lost affection. Mr Twin Sister doesn’t focus on making one or two single tracks the focal point of the record, but instead emphasize on creating effective segues across several genres and moods. “In the House of Yes” is a funky house track about the casual stages of inebriation throughout the night starting from, “Now that all I can do is breathe, I can get a little free” to “I’m fucked up, but I think I can have some more,” ultimately progressing to a jovial saxophone solo to round out the night of carefree inhibitions. The following track, “Blush,” showcases a vulnerable Estella in a state of constant confinement “Have you ever felt like you would always be alone,” backed by a poignant string section and a gravely slow tempo. We then round off the near end of the record with “Out of the Dark,” a raspy electro piece followed by “Twelve Angels,” a dark and sultry techno track backed with demonically haunting vocals. This album generates its success to the autonomous process in which creating their own label has influenced their sound which we can only hope will continue to generate intuitive work down the road. Similar to: Beach House, LCD Soundsystem, Memoryhouse
Introducing a new Mason tradition! This year, the staff of GMView is inviting all Mason students to be featured in the yearbook—not just seniors. It is our hope that this more inclusive approach will involve more members of the Mason community than ever before. All students who would like to be featured in this year’s GMView are encouraged to attend one of our LifeTouch portrait sessions this October: Nov. 4: 10 a.m.—5 p.m. @ HUB Room 1012 Nov. 5: 10 a.m.—5 p.m. @ HUB Room 1012 Nov. 6: 10 a.m.—6 p.m. @ HUB Room 1012 Schedule an appointment for your portrait sitting online at www.OurYear.com or by calling 1-800-OUR-YEAR™ (687-9327). Enter school code 700. Walk-ins are handled on a first come, first served basis. A $10 sitting fee is required. Pre-order your official copy of the 20142015 GMView Yearbook+DVD when you have your portrait taken, or reserve your copy in person in HUB 1201. We accept cash, check, Visa and Mastercard. Don’t miss out on this exciting opportunity to preserve your Mason memories!
Pre-order Your GMView Yearbook+DVD today! Today!
CLASSIFIEDS Help Wanted
College Student needed to help with everyday tasks, no childcare, in Fairfax Station, VA (5-10 minutes from GMU). 5-10hrs/week $15/hr. Must have car. Flexible days and hours. Call Cathy at (703)250-9278 or email at firstname.lastname@example.org
Local family seeks assistance with driving children to after school activities and occasional babysitting needs. Part time: 3 to 4 days per week. Qualifications: excellent driving record. Pay: $15 per hour. Please call Jessica at (404)822-5198.
Free room and board Professional family in McLean seeking a live-in assistant who can assist with transportation of teenage son to school, errands, and light housekeeping. Free room and board. Nice home in prime location with pool, hot tub, fios wifi, and other amenities. Contact: email@example.com or 703-627-1300.
Room for rent in twobedroom house in Alexandria, VA, near Kingstowne and Huntington/ Van Dorn metro. $1200/month, utilities/Internet included. Contact firstname.lastname@example.org
Loving childless couple wishing to adopt an infant. Willing to pay legal and medical expenses. Please call 866-333-8686 or email suzanneanddonadopt@gma il.com
Interested in working for Masonâ€™s newspaper, radio station, television network, yearbook, or literary journals? Fill our our online interest form and get involved today! c2ms.info/osmapply
IV Estate is Hiring
Paid staff positions are still available in sports and design. We are also always looking for writers, photographers, videographers and copy editors. Email email@example.com for more information.
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Our paper distributes to 40,000 Mason community members each week to four Mason campuses in Virginia: Fairfax, Prince William, Arlington and Loudoun. Also distributed bi-weekly to Northern Virginia Community Colleges: Loudoun, Manassas, Woodbridge, Annandale and Alexandria. Email firstname.lastname@example.org for more information.
A Question of Measuring Success Back in September, Mason released statistics for an assortment of bad behaviors reported on campus for the year 2013. Known as the Annual Security / Annual Fire Safety Report 2014, many of the numbers appear to show improvement when it comes to crime occurring on our main campus. For example, the number of drug-related arrests for 2013 was 74, versus the 154 arrests reported in 2012. There were 70 alcohol-related arrests for 2013, versus 247 for 2012. However not all seemed pleasant. According to the report, the number of reported “on-campus forcible sex offenses” for 2013 was 9, an increase from the 7 reported in 2012. While this may not seem all that grand an increase, according to past statistics it is the largest number of reported forcible sexual offenses since 2009. Yet the apparent paradoxes do not end there. According to the Fourth Estate article penned by Niki Papadogiannikis last week, the various powers that be at Mason view this as a positive development. In the opinions of campus police, University Life, and others, this increase shows that gradually more students are becoming more willing to report their victimization. Sadly acts of sexual violence are known to be grossly underreported, not only on college campuses but in the country at large. A big factor is the stigma that comes for the victim, an undeserved scarlet letter branded upon them by a society that sickeningly enough sees said victim as partially culpable. The article included a quote from Rose Pascarell, vice president of University Life that further noted what trend they hoped to see next year. “I think if we’re successful... you’ll see even higher numbers for 2014,” explained Pascarell to Fourth Estate. Two fairly divergent thoughts come to mind for me when I read the remark by Pascarell regarding the hoped for trend in reported statistics. First, it is a good thing that Pascarell is not a conservative Republican running for public office because that comment can so easily be taken out of context and used as proof that Pascarell is waging a war against women. Second, and a point that is more ponderous in nature, is a curiosity as to how the University can measure success. Let us say that next year’s Annual Security report finds that indeed there was an increase in reported forced sexual offenses. Pascarell said this was a success due to more victims coming forward. However, what if there is an increase in reported forced sexual offenses because there were in fact
more forced sexual offenses? Conversely, let us say there were fewer reported in 2014 than in 2013. Is this bad news because it shows fewer victims willing to come forward or is it good news because it shows that fewer incidents are happening? A possible clarifier can be confidential reports filed with Mason’s Wellness, Alcohol, and Violence Education Services office, located in SUB I. Yet as a largely commuter student body frequently critiqued for not being aware of all campus has to offer, it is possible that even WAVES is not getting a full picture of what is happening on this matter. To say nothing of the inherent improbability that every single confidential report filed with WAVES or the campus police is fully valid. Frustrated yet? Then just imagine those who are doing everything they can to make Mason a safe campus for all its students. Back in the 1990s, Mason installed several call boxes on campus in the name of campus security. However by 2001 the call boxes were found to be unreliable and as recently as 2012 the system was criticized by being sorely lacking. “While an entirely new call box system would be unnecessary and costly, the installation of some new units and a more strategic placing of the boxes will provide a safer environment for students,” concluded one Broadside editorial. “At the very least, this course of action will provide students with a more secure feeling. It could also prevent dangerous crimes. Both of these outcomes are positive.” Statisticians often warn the laity against having correlation and causation, or zooming in on only one of many possible factors. The efforts of university institutions and student groups to combat on-campus sexual violence are overall commendable and their understanding of the statistics is a complex one. Whatever the numbers are for next year’s report, it is my hope that they illustrate a campus that is improving in its protection of those seeking a better education.
MICHAEL GRYBOSKI COLUMNIST
Letters to the Editor Re: Gryboski Column When Mr. Gryboski’s article was published in the last issue of The Fourth Estate, I was appalled. Not only because of its blatant disrespect for “promiscuous” people or those in polyamorous relationships, but by the nonsensical train of logic used to arrive at the conclusion that A) these things should apparently not be accepted and that B) the LGBTQ activist community is somehow responsible for the ills caused by this “sexual agenda.” Firstly, “promiscuity” is not what turned HIV-AIDS into a pandemic; it was lack of education regarding STIs and safe sex, lack of access to protection and the poverty that drives these factors. If someone is safe in their sexual habits, it does not matter if they have one partner or twenty. Mr Gryboski attempts to assert some sort of ethical superiority in monogamy, yet openly supports this policing of people’s private sexual habits out of some fear for a “new sexually transmitted global terror” (He explicitly directs his article to those “who think polyamory and overall promiscuity should be accepted”, after all). This is ignorant fear-mongering over a personal and complex issue that has very little to do with the dynamics behind STI epidemics. Monogamy is not a “get out of STDs, free” card. But, not content with trying to blame the spread of a disease that has claimed millions of lives on those people who do not enjoy strict monogamy, Mr. Gryboski also implicates the LGBTQ activist community in this, as they have apparently “contributed to the rise of promiscuity in America.” This idea is patently absurd. “Promiscuity” was just as prevalent as it was before the acceptance of LGBTQ rights, and no, it cannot be equated with “infidelity.” The diversity in human sexual and romantic preference is simply gaining visibility and acceptance. Yes, this is a good thing, and no, this is not somehow threatening the values behind fidelity and monogamy. Now, Mr. Gryobski is right in that the LGBTQ community has voiced support, or at least promoted understanding, of polyamory (which, I should mention, is a romantic dynamic and not a sexual one). But completely contrary to his argument, their values are actively working against the spread of the STI “terror” that he so fears. Indeed, if Mr. Gryobski had ever cared to attend a
Pride event or workshop, he would have seen that safe sex, STI awareness, testing and contraception are integral to the dialogue in these spaces. Truthfully, the condoms in the Pride Alliance lobby are doing more good for society than Mr. Gryboski’s half-baked diatribe on relationships and ethics. Mr. Gryboski asks at the end of his article, what messages are LGBTQ and allied groups sending by lending credibility to polyamory? I can answer you, Mr. Gryboski. That different people have different types of romantic relationships and exercise their sexual freedom in different ways; that reducing STIs, and encouraging consent and faithfulness requires education and understanding of these diversities, and not a lifestyle witch hunt. If you took a step back and listened instead of railing against the LGBTQ community with your predetermined conclusions, you might see these things too, Mr. Gryboski. But until then, please don’t sour the respectful, accepting atmosphere of Mason with your insecurity-fueled, reactionary tripe. RUSSELL CHARLES BIOLOGY MAJOR
~~~ On Oct. 27, the Fourth Estate published a column by Michael Gryboski. In this column, Gryboski quotes political conservatives and calls homosexuality a “Pandora’s Box of sexual immorality” and states that promiscuity turned HIV-AIDS into a pandemic. Would he then suggest that every mother and infant in Sub-Saharan Africa must have been promiscuous and clearly could have lived a better life by following his definition of moral sexual behavior? What makes Gryboski a moral authority? What gives him the right to judge other consenting adults’ personal lives (a phrase he derides in his column)? Scripture tells us, “Do not judge, or you too will be judged.” At a time when suicide is the second leading cause of death amongst the 10-24 age group, and LGBTQ youth are 4 times more likely than non-LGBTQ youth to attempt to take their own lives (http://www.thetrevorproject.org/pages/facts-about-suicide), I think we should applaud organizations like Pride Alliance that provide support and healthy information for LGBTQ college students. We should applaud organizations that seek
to provide accurate, unbiased, factual sex health information at a time when most states are not required to provide sexual health education and when they are, are not required to provide accurate information. Mostly, we should support efforts to save the lives of children and teenagers, who in the face of bullying and belittlement by people like Gryboski, full of “conservative moral values,” choose to take their own lives rather than face the constant stream of abuse hurled their way. To anyone reading who needs to hear it, it gets better. ALICE VISOCCHI INTEGRATIVE STUDIES
~~~ To the Editorial Staff at the Fourth Estate, We write to you as students who are concerned about content that continues to appear in the Fourth Estate each week. Since 2005, Columnist Michael Gryboski has regularly written articles appearing in the Opinion Section that distort information, misrepresent perspectives and perpetuate oppressive power structures. Gryboski’s articles have been controversial for many years. In May 2008, numerous voices called for a review of his presence in the student newspaper after he wrote an article titled “Homosexuality is a Mental Illness.” In April 2008, students held a sit-in to protest his article. In the 2014 fall term, however, his articles continue to appear in most issues of the newspaper. In his articles, Gryboski regularly discusses topics of significant political, social and personal turmoil, such as abortion, racism, sexism, military occupation, rape and many others. Most often, the targets of his articles are organizations that support working toward greater social equality, such as the Pride Alliance, the Secular Student Alliance and Students Against Israeli Apartheid. On occasion, students have written responses to Gryboski’s inflammatory articles, but we believe that his messages of intolerance are inhibiting a fair conversation in the Opinion Section. Evidence of Gryboski’s tactics are apparent in each article he has written, but we choose to reproduce some of his words here, so that he might speak for himself: On abortion: “The most vulnerable of women, those who cannot speak for themselves, those who do not have legal protections, they are the ones first abandoned by those who claim to be for women.” (04/14) On same-sex partner benefits: “We have not needed further endorsement of LGBT advocacy to succeed before and we will not need it in the modern day. There are plenty of entities that have never caved to such ideas and yet continue to thrive.” (11/14/13) On campus co-ed dorms and rape: “According to numbers compiled by the Rape, Abuse, & Incest National Network (RAINN), 80 to 90 percent of victims of on-campus sexual
assault know their assailant. Known as acquaintance rape, it can happen on a campus with or without co-ed housing. Yet having men and women in the same dorms eliminates the safe space that an entire separate building or at least a hallway adorned with locked doors creates.” (3/24/14) On gay and civil rights activism: “…the term ‘equality’ is used frequently used [sic] by gay rights activists as they link themselves with the Civil Rights Movement of the mid twentieth century.” (2/24/14) On gay rights activism: “Corkins [who attempted a mass shooting at the Family Research Council] was once enrolled at George Mason University. He was in this climate of intense gay activism, gay pride events and the LGBTQ resource office… [he] absorbed all of the blind allegiance to the cause that exists here, right down to believing every critic no matter how merited or valid their arguments was a bigot who must be silenced.” (9/15/14) “Those who think that polyamory and overall promiscuity should be accepted, remember that monogamy and chastity have never been listed as major risk factors for spreading sexually transmitted diseases. Promiscuity on the part of heterosexuals and homosexuals turned the once isolated disease of HIV-AIDS into a pandemic.” (10/27/14) Problems abound in the samples above. Gryboski tries to guilt feminist activists for supporting pro-choice positions. He dismisses the goal of equality in the workplace by suggesting we do not need the LGBTQ community in our faculty. He assumes that locked doors are a solution to men raping women. He imagines that gay rights activists use “equality” only for status. And he blames the Mason campus and community for the actions of an attempted gunman. The Sep. 15 article is one of the most problematic. Gryboski cannot prove that Corkins was ever active or influenced by anyone on the Mason campus. Such statements are borderline libel. Most recently, Gryboski criticized various organizations for discussing polyamory in a healthy environment, presenting as fact his own opinion that promiscuity caused the AIDs pandemic. Quite simply, Mr. Gryboski is wrong and attempts to mislead readers of the Fourth Estate. In an article published over 20 years ago, anthropologist Dr. Ralph Bolton concluded, “the partner‐reduction strategy, instead of contributing to a reduction in HIV transmission has been an impediment to AIDS prevention efforts, exacerbating the problem by undermining the sex‐positive approaches to risk reduction that have proven effective” (emphasis added, “AIDs and Promiscuity: Muddles in the Models of HIV Prevention,” Medical Anthropology 14.2, 1992). Perhaps the Fourth Estate staff believe that they are simply allowing freedom of expression and speech, and that they are not responsible for the content written in opinion articles. On its front cover, however, the Fourth Estate is
described as “George Mason University’s official student news outlet.” The masthead reads, “The editors of Fourth Estate have exclusive authority over the content that is published.” Intended to mark the autonomy of the official student newspaper, that statement also indicates responsibility. The Fourth Estate editors publish Gryboski’s articles without disclaimer to indicate that his opinions are his own. His articles are presented with his image, which is rarely the case for other writers. His byline gives him the title of “Columnist.” In order to free the Opinion Section from the oppressive presence of Michael Gryboski, we recommend that the Fourth Estate move his articles to a dedicated column. If he is a columnist, as indicated in the paper, then treat him as such and separate his views from the community space. If he is not a columnist, do not imply that when printing his articles in the Opinion Section. Do not provide a weekly outlet for his messages of oppression. Surely the Fourth Estate editors are selective about what they print; the masthead makes it clear that they have authority over the content. Thus, they should think carefully about the messages they choose to publish. We believe that Mr. Gryboski is entitled to his opinion and the freedom to express it; we do not believe that he is entitled to a platform from which he can deliver messages of intolerance, ignorance and oppression. ANNE LADYEM MCDIVITT, PH.D. HISTORY JANNELLE LEGG PH.D. HISTORY SPENCER ROBERTS, PH.D. HISTORY
~~~ I was sorely disappointed in the opinion piece run on Oct. 27 entitled “A Glimpse Into Pride Alliance’s Far-Reaching Sexual Agenda.” And while I understand that the author of said piece most likely affects a much more combative personality, aping such intellectual giants as Rush “not-a-misogynist” Limbaugh, the overuse of fallacious logic within the column demands comment. Mr. Gryboski makes the accusation that, “believing that the LGBTQ community has aided or at least contributed to the rise of promiscuity in America is … even seen as a reason to deprive someone of a job.” However, his following quotation to support this argument refers to questions of Dr. Holsinger’s belief that “homosexuality is unnatural and unhealthy.” The Washington Post’s statement questions Holsinger’s basic stance upon homosexuality and not a belief in its contribution to the rise of promiscuity in America. And while Dr. Holsinger may have had views that tied homosexuality with promiscuity, that was not the Post’s complaint. The actual complaint that he lists is that Dr. Holsinger had published scientifically shoddy work in order to support his own homophobic agenda. If he’s referring to the opinion piece, “Dr. Dodgy,” then he’d also want to include the quote that, “one physician whose work was featured wrote him to complain of the paper’s ‘unscientific, biased and
incredibly poor scholarship.’” The view that “sexual liberation” as a fall is rather myopic. However, to suggest that we as a society are finally coming into contact with non-monogamous relationships – due to the LGTBQ community – is disingenuous. Our literature is replete with extra-marital affairs from Odysseus’s multiple lovers to On the Road, The Great Gatsby, The Scarlet Letter, Finnegan’s Wake and Catch 22 just to reference a few. Society as a whole has often looked on knowingly at men carrying out affairs. Presidents such as FDR, JFK, Harding, Thomas Jefferson, Eisenhower and Clinton all have been caught with their pants down, so to speak. Mr. Gryboski cites some statistics from a Scott James article, but these raise more questions than they answer. While I understand that these are supposed to highlight the “promiscuity” of homosexuals, they tell us little of actual value. Not only is the study that he cites of a very specific community, that of San Francisco Bay Area couples, but we have been given no data to compare these numbers to. Where are the statistics on heterosexual couples? If your argument is that homosexuals are more promiscuous, you then have to provide this evidence. We are also presented with the classic “slippery slope” fallacy: that one step, accepting people’s right to sexual orientation, will cause the collapse of society. Not only has this piece failed to link homosexuality with promiscuity, but it has also failed to show that this then will effect change in “mainstream America” (whatever that is). It asks the question, “can anyone say that the social conservatives were wrong?” and to that I would answer emphatically: yes. It states, “remember that monogamy and chastity have never been listed as major risk factors for spreading sexually transmitted diseases.” To which I would rebut that chastity (itself a rather tenuous concept) in a way has: The Failure of Abstinence-Only Education, Abstinence-Only Education and Teen Pregnancy Rates, and The impact of abstinence and comprehensive sex and STD/HIV education programs on adolescent sexual behavior for just a small sample. Furthermore, this fallacy of the inverse tries to make the claim that since monogamy is not a major risk factor for STIs, and polyamory is not monogamy, therefore polyamory is a major risk factor for STIs. However, I would counter that the culprits we should be looking at are unprotected and unsafe sexual practices, these often stemming from a lack of awareness. Sadly, this seems to be a problem that is rife not just in the sexual education of minors, but also in the constructing of a logical argument. CHRISTOPHER REED ART HISTORY
SCOREBOARD SCORE/ RECORD
0-1 (L) [4-11-2]
0-3 (L) [6-17]
1-0 (W) [11-3-3]
Men: 1st Women: 7th
1-3 (L) [6-16]
THE WEEK AHEAD HOW TO WATCH
NOV. 7 8 P.M.
NOV. 8 7 P.M.
All men’s soccer, women’s soccer and women’s volleyball games played at home are streamed live on the Atlantic 10 Digital Network by our partners at Mason Cable Network.
(AMY ROSE/FOURTH ESTATE)
Women’s soccer took on Saint Joseph’s as part of Mason’s Game(s) of the Week doubleheader on Oct. 31.
THE WEEK AHEAD 1 Wrapping 2 Men’s
up the fall A-10 season
The women’s soccer team competes in the A-10 Tournament this Thursday in Dayton, Ohio. The team has gone 2-4-2 in A-10 regular season play this season. Last year, the team was seeded fifth in the tournament and lost in the first round to Saint Bonventure’s, 1-0.
The team has an exhibition game on Saturday, Nov. 8 against Shenandoah in the RAC. This is the team’s only preseason exhibition game before the season kicks off next Friday, Nov. 14 against Cornell at the Patriot Center. The team was predicted to finish 13th out of 14 teams in the A-10 preseason poll.
with a new season
Wrestling season began on Nov. 2, when the team visited Charlottesville, Va. for the first meet of the year. Eight starters across all weight classes return this season. Junior Sahid Kargbo is the top returning wrestler after leading the team with 22 victories last season.
Mason alumni lead Kansas City Royals’ front ofﬁce LYN MIDCAP STAFF WRITER
and making two NCAA tournament appearances together during the 1992 and 1993 seasons. Brown attributes their cohesiveness to two main factors. “One, they’re just good players,” Brown said. “It’s no question that that lends toward their abilities as a team. And two, they have chemistry.” Brown states that chemistry was even more important than raw skill, as “their chemistry and intangibles made them champions. They refused to take anything less than a win and that is what makes a champion.” In a recent interview with The Washington Post, Picollo said, “I don’t think any of us were thinking, ‘We’re going to work together for a professional team and impact the major league game… It’s been nice the way it’s turned out.” The Washington Post also talked to Moore about the abundance of Mason grads that fill the front office of the team, to which Moore responded, “Family is a big part of the success of any organization… The fact that we understand that and respect that part of it, I think helps you stay strong through some of the difficult challenges.” Coach Brown still remains close to Moore, Picollo,
Kansas City Royals general manager Dayton Moore earned an undergraduate and graduate degree from Mason.
Goldberg and Munoz, and attributes their successes to their lifelong dedication to the sport, day in and day out. “I think all four, they definitely have a passion for baseball and they knew that their life’s work would be in baseball, as a player, as a coach, a scout, whatever it might be,” said Coach Brown, who again
referenced the passion needed to become successful in any aspect of sport. Brown has proven through his work as a coach that he can take in talented players, such as these four, and create baseball success stories. Brown says that the most important thing to remember while coaching is to “let the players enjoy the game,
and give them the opportunities to be themselves. Only then will they be successful.” Since Brown has been the head coach, 27 Patriots have been drafted by major league baseball clubs and one, Chris Widger, brought home a World Series ring with the Chicago White Sox in 2005.
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What do Dayton Moore, J.J. Picollo, Lonnie Goldberg and Ken Munoz have in common? Well, all four are Mason graduates, all four played for the Mason baseball team, all four were coached by current Mason Coach Bill Brown and all four now have careers in Major League Baseball. And it just so happens that all four of these men work with the same MLB team, the Kansas City Royals, who have made it to the World Series this year after just making it into the playoffs as a wild-card team. Moore, the Royals’ General Manager and Vice President of Baseball Operations, earned a Bachelor’s degree in Physical Education and Health in 1989 and went on to earn his Master’s degree in Athletic Administration, both from Mason. On the baseball field, Moore was a solid second baseman, starting in 110 games for the Patriots. He was also a key factor in Mason’s second-ever appearance in the NCAA Division I Baseball Championship tournament in 1988. While earning his Master’s degree, he returned to Mason Baseball as an assistant coach from 1990-1994. “Dayton has always been intense,” said Coach Bill
Brown, who is in his 34th season coaching the Patriots. “He has always had a vision of baseball that you don’t see in every player. He knows the difference between the right way and the wrong way in baseball, it’s second nature, and that’s why he’s been so successful.” Brown notes that passion was also a major factor in Moore’s baseball success, on the field and in the front office of a professional team. “Dayton’s passion for baseball is easily seen,” Brown said. “You can’t get that far in the sport without it, and the passion for baseball is there for him.” J.J. Picollo, the Royals’ Assistant General Manager of Player Personnel, Lonnie Goldberg, Director of Scouting and regional scout Ken Munoz all had their moments on Mason’s baseball diamond as well. Picollo was catcher for the Patriots, Goldberg played second base and Munoz played shortstop for the team led by Coach Brown and none other than Moore, who was assistant coach during their Mason playing careers. The four would prove to be a cohesive unit far before their careers in the same professional organization, winning two CAA conference titles, one CAA conference tournament,
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