York County Edition
Vol. 12 No. 5
Discovering Buried Treasure Metal Detecting Offers Key to Exercise, Service, Community, and Adventure By Beth Anne Heesen Metal detectors have become almost as common on beaches as seagulls. It is a popular hobby today, with thousands of people flocking to the sand each year to search for rings, coins, and other treasures. But for Bob Clark, 73, metal detecting is much more than a hobby. He started more than 40 years ago and has been doing it ever since. He began in the late ’60s. “Not many people had metal detectors at that time,” he said, “but as a deputy wildlife conservation officer, I was one of the few that did.” He was also a nature writer, and metal detecting turned out to be a perfect activity for the outdoorsy, adventure-loving man. Clark uses his metal detector extensively for community service, so the hobby has been a joy not only to him, but also to countless others who have benefited from his findings. “People take off rings [at the beach], put them in a shoe, and then come back and throw the sand out of the shoe,” he said. Out with the sand go the rings, much to their owners’ dismay. Clark said he is happy when he can return an item to someone and does not accept rewards. In the early ’70s, Clark joined a ring recovery team. One time, he found a class ring for a Gettysburg woman at Pine Grove Furnace State Park in Cumberland County. “She was very poor, and it was one of the thrills of her life,” he said. The please see TREASURE page 4 Metal-detecting enthusiast Bob Clark at the lakefront beach in Pine Grove Furnace State Park, where he has often unearthed lost jewelry.
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The Search for Our Ancestry
Which Records Take Precedence? Angelo Coniglio Q: My grandmother’s tombstone says she was born Dec. 26, 1893, in Germany. She was married in the United States. Her marriage certificate gives her marriage date as Nov. 30, 1912, and her birth date as Dec. 26, 1894. After I sent to her birthplace for a birth certificate, I received a document in German that is headed “EXTRAKT” and gives her birth date as Dec. 28, 1893. Which birth date is right? – S.L. A: Each of the records you describe is a secondary record. That is, they were not made at the actual time and place of your grandmother’s birth. Any of them might be correct, but all of them could be in error. A primary record is an official record made at the time and place of the event, and as such takes precedence over any other records.
First, the gravestone: Unless stones are preplanned, the dates on grave markers are usually given to the stone carver by a relative or friend of the deceased. That is, the date is hearsay, not supported by an actual document, so it could be, and often is, incorrect. That may not be of much importance to survivors, if they are not interested in tracing the family heritage back in time. But if they are, the most accurate records are needed, since there may have been more than one person with the same or similar names and birth dates, and you want to be sure you’re finding information on your ancestors, not those of someone else! The marriage certificate: The marriage certificate is a primary record of the marriage, and that date can be considered official. But often in those days, when immigrants had few official
records with them, they were simply asked their birth date (and other pertinent information), which was entered on the marriage certificate as a secondary record of the person’s birth. Your grandmother may simply have not remembered her exact birth date. In Germany in the 1890s, “birth certificates” were not issued to a child’s parents; instead, the birth was recorded in an annual ledger with all other births from that year, either in a civil register, a church register, or both. The family had no “certificate” that they could readily or frequently refer to, and exact dates of birth may not have been very important to them. Since Grandmama was evidently born near the end of the year, her family may have remembered her birthday in association with “the winter of 18931894” and forgotten the exact year.
The German document: Extrakt is German for “extract”; that is, a document on which pertinent information is hand-copied from an original. It is not a photocopy of the original, and while it is an official document, it is still a secondary record. The clerk or official who copied it down may have made a mistake in transcribing the information. For example, your grandmother’s official, primary birth record might very well say that she was born on Dec. 26, 1893. However, births were not necessarily recorded on the day they happened. The first date appearing on the original birth record is the date the birth was reported. In this case, the baby could have been born on Dec. 26, but not brought in to be registered until the 28th. The modern clerk who answered your request may have read the record date in the register, assumed it was the
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birth date, and entered the wrong date on the extract. So, how do you find your grandmother’s correct birth date? You need a primary record. That is, visual inspection of the original official register in Germany or a photocopy of that record. Since you wrote to and received a response from her town of origin, you know that town’s name. While we can’t traipse over the world at will to look at original records, we can search for the town using the Mormon website www.familysearch.org to determine whether microfilms exist of its birth registers for the late 1890s. If they do, the films can be ordered at a
Mormon Family History Center, and after they arrive, they can be viewed at the center. Search the films for the years in question, and when you find the primary record, you’ll know your grandmother’s correct birth date. Be open-minded. Don’t say, “That can’t be her; that’s not what her gravestone says.” The gravestone may be wrong. The primary record takes precedence. Further, the original record will often contain much more than was transcribed onto the extract—for example, the father’s age, occupation, and address, and possibly the mother’s maiden name and age. Their ages can then be used to determine their approximate birth years,
so that you can search for their birth records, extending your family tree. Now that I’ve explained primary records, to be strictly correct, I must add a point. In many cases, in many countries, duplicate records were required to be sent to jurisdictions higher than the town of birth—for example, a provincial or county seat, or a special tribunal that maintained archives of the records. Prior to the 20th century, the only way to produce duplicate records was to have the clerk draw up handwritten copies to be sent to the other jurisdictions. While the same clerk made all the copies, each copy after the original is technically a secondary record. The clerk may have erred on the copies.
When the Mormons microfilmed documents, for convenience it was generally at a place where records from more than one town were stored, such as a tribunal or provincial archive. Most genealogists accept the information from these higher jurisdictions as primary records, but if a serious discrepancy is suspected, it may be necessary for you or a representative to examine the town’s original register. Angelo Coniglio encourages readers to contact him by writing to 438 Maynard Drive, Amherst, NY 14226; by email at Genealogytips@aol.com; or by visiting www.conigliofamily.com/ConiglioGenealogy Tips.htm.
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ring had her husband’s initials and digging, and the exercise can One of Clark’s friends makes about inscribed on it. “She was thrilled to range from light to heavy, depending $30,000 a year metal detecting in death when she found out,” he said. on how much someone wants to Ocean City, Md., but that is not the “It was unbelievable.” work on it and where they go. norm. Clark said it is not unusual Clark is a member and past “You don’t have to be in that for him to find 10,000 to 12,000 president of Pen Mar Historical good of shape on sand at the beach, coins a year, but that is not a lot of Recovery Association, a metal but it works you when you’re digging money when 90 percent of those detecting club in Gettysburg with 3 or 4 inches into dirt,” he said. coins are pennies. about 50 members ranging in age Clark and his wife of 52 years, One of the rarest items Clark ever from early teens to seniors. found was an 1824 self-made The team often goes to state coin in the South. Another parks and other grounds to great find was a 100-year-old, search for historical relics. 44-caliber Peacemaker They put the items they find revolver he found under a in plastic bags, and wooden floor in an old barn archaeologists analyze them. out West. The club donates its He said he finds a lot of findings to museums all over junk too, which is why he the country and has made recommends spending at least historical discoveries. Once, $300 for a metal detector. Clark and seven other “You want to find a machine members found 3,500 items that will discriminate against on a 600-acre plot on aluminum,” he said. A few of the items Clark has recovered over the years Gettysburg National Park that Clark’s hobby carries include centuries-old coins, bottles, horse-riding proved the land had been a spectacular social benefits for equipment, and a 100-year-old, 44-caliber battlefield and prevented it him. He enjoys metal Peacemaker revolver, shown at left. from becoming a shopping detecting with club members center. and looks forward to the Thelma, travel all over America. Clark has even used his metal treasure hunt they hold each Wherever they go, he never leaves detector for crime solving. In the October, which he said is “sort of home without his metal detector. He like an Easter egg hunt for adults.” early ’70s, a conservationist officer loves to go to the beach, where sand For a fee, anyone is welcome to was shot in Adams County. He makes metal detecting a lot easier. search for Indian Head pennies, survived but was seriously injured. His wife is not as interested in metal silver, and other items—including a Clark found three shell cases that key to a treasure chest. were linked to the gun of the person detecting as Clark, but she enjoys He eagerly shares findings with spending time on the beach. who shot the officer. others who enjoy metal detecting, Clark said that, for his purposes, “The man [had] panicked,” he the beach is best when it is not busy. although most keep the sites where said. “He was hunting deer and [the they found them secret, just as some Children get excited when they see officer] caught him, so he shot the people keep silent on the special people metal detecting and follow officer between the eyes.” He has ingredients of their most scrumptious also found knives and other weapons them around. “You have to be recipes. “People love to share, but careful with children,” he said. “Ask linked to crimes that occurred long won’t tell you where,” he said. them to stand back and show them ago. Clark said that metal detecting is a what you found.” Another reason Clark metal Metal detecting can bring a profit great thing for a husband and wife to detects is for the health benefits. The do together and that it provides a fun if you work hard at it and are lucky. hobby requires walking, stretching, activity to do with kids and grandkids at the beach, where it is easy to get Bestselling bored. Best of all, Clark said every day of Children’s Books metal detecting is an adventure. “You of All Time never know what you’re going to find next,” he said. “You never know when 1. The Poky Little Puppy by Janette Sebring Lowrey (1942) you’re going to find a gold coin.” 2. The Tale of Peter Rabbit by Beatrix Potter (1902) For more information on metal 3. Tootle by Gertrude Crampton (1945) detecting or the Pen Mar Historical 4. Green Eggs and Ham by Dr. Seuss (1960) Recovery Association, visit www.gettysburgelectronics.com/ 5. Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire by J.K. Rowling (2000) penmar or contact Don Hinks at 6. Pat the Bunny by Dorothy Kunhardt (1940) (717) 334-8634 or 7. Saggy Baggy Elephant by Kathryn & Byron Jackson (1947) gettysburgelectronics@ 8. Scuffy the Tugboat by Gertrude Crampton (1955) embarqmail.com. The club meets on 9. The Cat in the Hat by Dr. Seuss (1957) the second Tuesday of every other 10. Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban by J.K. Rowling month at the National Apple (1999) Museum in Biglerville.
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The Beauty in Nature
Local Flycatcher Voices Clyde McMillan-Gamber lycatchers are plain little birds that are difficult to see because of their blending into the dense, protective foliage of woodlands and thickets. Several kinds look similar, but each species has a distinctive voice to find others of their kind for mating. We humans use their voices to note their presence and identify them as to species. Most North American flycatchers spend northern winters in Central and South America. They eat flying insects that are available only during warmer weather. Each species of flycatcher, including those in the Mid-Atlantic States, nests in a particular niche. This reduces competition for living space and food with its relatives and aids in its identification. Eastern phoebes traditionally built nests of mud and moss on rock ledges under overhanging boulders near water in deciduous forests. Today they also
place their nurseries on support beams Their songs at dusk seem the loveliest. under roofs and bridges in the woods. They build nests of grasses, plant fibers, Males utter a spider webs, and distinctive and lichens tied to the top repeated “fee-bee,” of a fork of twigs which gives this with spider webs. species its common Acadian flycatchers name. Phoebes also create cradles on the pump their tails up lower twigs of trees— and down when especially American perching. beeches—that hang Male eastern over streams in wood pewees emit a deciduous woods. plaintive, Males emit a loud, melancholy song in explosive “peet-sa” or deciduous woods “pit-see.” Acadians Willow Flycatcher that sounds like are southern birds “pee-ah-wee” uttered several times and that are pushing north to raise young. ending with “pee-urrr” with the “urr” Great crested flycatchers are woodland rolling down. birds that rear babies in abandoned Pewees sing off and on all day, every woodpecker holes and other tree cavities. day in May and June, from dawn to the They have a loud call that seems to say gathering darkness of summer evenings. “wheeeeep.”
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This species forages for invertebrates in the treetops, which reduces competition with other flycatchers that hunt bugs in the middle layers of the forests. These birds also put shed snakeskins in their cradles, Willow flycatchers raise young in multiflora rosebushes and other thickets in pastures, woodland edges, and hedgerows between fields. Males of this species call out a series of sneezy notes that sound like “fitz-bew” from the tops of shrubbery. Eastern kingbirds summer in pastures and fields dotted with large trees. A pair of kingbirds will place their nursery in one of those trees and perch on twigs and fences to watch for flying insects. Their songs are a series of sputtering, high-pitched notes. Listen for flycatchers when in woods, thickets, or fields. Their calls give away their presence.
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May is 6th Annual JewishAmerican Heritage Month In 2006, President George W. Bush 1946. Lauder was the only woman proclaimed that May would be Jewishincluded in Time magazine’s 1998 list of American Heritage Month. the 20 most influential business geniuses The announcement was the crowning of the 20th century. Devoted to philanthropy, Lauder launched the pink achievement in an effort by the Jewish ribbon symbol as the worldwide emblem Museum of Florida and South Florida of breast health. Jewish community leaders that resulted in resolutions introduced by Rep. Jonas Salk, 1914-1995. When news of Debbie Wasserman Schultz of Florida Salk’s discovery of a polio vaccine was and Sen. Arlen Specter of Pennsylvania made public in 1955, the virologist was urging the president to proclaim a hailed as a miracle worker. In 1963, he month that would recognize the more founded the Salk than 350-year history Institute for Biological of Jewish Studies in La Jolla, contributions to Calif. Salk spent his American culture. last years searching for The resolutions a vaccine against AIDS. passed unanimously, first in the House of Ruth Mosko Handler, Representatives in 1916-2002. The Los December 2005 and Angeles Times’ Woman later in the Senate in of the Year in Business February 2006. Since in 1967, Handler 2006, JAHM created the Barbie doll, programs have taken named after her place across the Estée Lauder daughter, in 1959. The country. doll rocketed the The contributions Mattel company to of Jewish-Americans nearly overnight are far-ranging and success and became an include scientists, icon of American entertainers, writers, culture. Handler later and entrepreneurs. turned her attention to Some of these are helping other breast listed below: cancer survivors, creating a breast Levi Strauss, 1829prosthesis called Nearly 1902. In 1873, Me. Strauss and Nevada tailor Jacob Davis Sandy Koufax Ann Landers, 1918created the first blue 2002. Esther Pauline jeans when they Friedman Lederer, writing as Ann received a U.S. patent to make men’s Landers, had her first advice column denim work pants with copper rivets. published in the Chicago Sun Times in With this patent, they began to manufacture blue jeans, known today as 1955. By the end of Lederer’s life, Ann Landers had become the world’s most the Levi’s® brand. widely syndicated column, published in more than 1,200 publications and with Emma Lazarus, 1849-1887. Lazarus more than 90 million readers around was a writer and a scholar of literature the world. and languages whose poetry and essays protested the rise of anti-Semitism. Ruth Bader Ginsburg, b. 1933. Bader “Give me your tired, your poor, / Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free” Ginsburg is the first Jewish woman to are two famous lines of her sonnet, “The serve on the U.S. Supreme Court and New Colossus,” which was affixed to the the first woman to make both the Harvard and Columbia law reviews. She Statue of Liberty in 1903. served on the U.S. Court of Appeals from 1980 until her appointment in Estée Lauder, 1906-2004. Born 1993 to the U.S. Supreme Court. Josephine Esther Mentzer, Lauder founded the Estée Lauder Company in
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Art and Antiques by Dr. Lori
Royal Wedding Collectibles Dr. Lori ate Middleton and Prince William married at Westminster Abbey in London on April 29, 2011. Royal watchers will be eyeing a wide range of collectibles. Which royal collectibles should you buy? I always advise people to collect objects that chronicle a historic event or relate to historic figures. It has been proven that in the market for art and antiques, these historic and genuine objects will hold their value long term. Quality and authentic objects relating to a royal wedding, albeit the first of this century, certainly fit the bill.
Collecting the Queen Reports indicate that the Lord Chamberlain, Earl Peel, wrote in a staff memo recently that “We want [royal wedding] items that are permanent and significant.” For the Kate/William royal wedding, Queen Elizabeth II and her staff are proponents of such regal
produced William and wedding collectibles as Kate wedding dolls and porcelain pillboxes, knickknacks featuring monogrammed tea towels, images of the couple, and commemorative cups many of which are that highlight the future coming out of China. king and his new bride. Some of the more jovial These are going to be, long royal collectibles include term, the sought-after royal condoms, royal collectibles, so these are wedding sick (vomit) the objects to acquire now. Buckingham Palace prefers bags for all the other The history of royal “significant” royal wedding collectibles ranges from collectibles for the wedding of women who aren’t marrying the world’s Queen Victoria’s diamond Prince William and Kate. On April 29, the value of the Prince No. 1 bachelor, and tiara, George V’s Charles and Lady Diana “Waity Katie” nail coronation china, Queen engagement mug will spike, polish. Elizabeth II’s doubling today’s value of $175. Collectibles will monogrammed silver tea emerge in the oddest of service, and, of course, Prince Charles and Princess Diana’s royal places. With the Internet, a sales arena not available when Princess Diana wed wedding porcelain boxes. in 1981, the world will have no trouble Cuckoo Collectibles acquiring a wide variety of royal Buckingham Palace prefers classic collectibles relating to Prince William royal wedding souvenirs over the massand his bride.
Unexpected but Valuable For the wedding of William and Kate, there are a few collectibles that I think will travel under the radar. For instance, the University of St. Andrews in Fife, Scotland, will see an increase in sales of items relating to the special place where the royal couple met in 2001 and fell in love. The couple graduated from the famous school in June 2005. Don’t be surprised to see lots of people donning St. Andrews t-shirts and bags or selling off carpet remnants from the couple’s famous campus apartment. I wish congratulations to the royal couple, and happy hunting to all the rest of you royal collectors. Ph.D. antiques appraiser, author, and awardwinning TV personality, Dr. Lori presents antique appraisal events nationwide and appears on the Fine Living Network and on TV’s Daytime. Visit www.DrLoriV.com or call (888) 431-1010.
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from page 7
Sandy Koufax, b. 1935. Koufax won 18 games and struck out 269 batters for the Brooklyn Dodgers, a league record. Koufax was the first major leaguer to pitch four no-hitters, including a perfect game. He became the first player to earn three Cy Young Awards and the youngest player ever elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame.
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Barbra Streisand, b. 1942. Streisand is one of the most commercially successful
recording artists in history, having sold more albums than any other female artist. Streisand is the only artist ever to receive Oscar, Tony, Emmy, Grammy, Directors Guild of America, Golden Globe, National Endowment for the Arts, and Peabody awards, as well as the American Film Institute’s Lifetime Achievement Award. To learn more, visit www.jewishamericanheritagemonth.us.
This Month in History: May Events
May 5, 2011 9 a.m. – 2:30 p.m. Overlook Activities Center Overlook Park, 2040 Lititz Pike, Lancaster
September 27, 2011 9 a.m. – 2:30 p.m. Memorial Hall–East, 334 Carlisle Avenue, York
October 25, 2011
9 a.m. – 2:30 p.m.
• May 6 – Psychoanalysis founder Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) was born in Freiberg, Moravia. His theories became the foundation for treating psychiatric disorders by psychoanalysis and offered some of the first workable cures for mental disorders.
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• May 14, 1796 – Smallpox vaccine was developed by Dr. Edward Jenner, a physician in rural England. He coined the term vaccination for the new procedure of injecting a milder form of the disease into healthy persons, resulting in immunity. Within 18 months, 12,000 people in England had been vaccinated and the number of smallpox deaths dropped by two-thirds. • May 24, 1844 – Telegraph inventor Samuel Morse sent the first official telegraph message, “What hath God wrought?” from the Capitol building in Washington, D.C., to Baltimore.
York Expo Center
• May 5, 1865 – Decoration Day was first observed in the United States, with the tradition of decorating soldiers’ graves from the Civil War with flowers. The observance date was later moved to May 30 and included American graves from World War I and World War II. It then became better known as Memorial Day. In 1971, Congress moved Memorial Day to the last Monday in May, thus creating a three-day holiday weekend.
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• May 12 – British nurse and public health activist Florence Nightingale (1820-1910) was born in Florence, Italy. She volunteered to aid British troops in Turkey where she improved hospital sanitary conditions and greatly reduced the death rate for wounded and sick soldiers. She received worldwide acclaim for her unselfish devotion to nursing, contributed to the development of modern nursing procedures, and emphasized the dignity of nursing as a profession for women. • May 29 – American revolutionary leader Patrick Henry (1736-1799) was born in Studley, Va. He is best remembered for his speech in 1775 declaring, “I know not what course others may take, but as for me, give me liberty or give me death.” www.SeniorNewsPA.com
Sign Up for the 2011 York County Senior Games The 10th annual York County Senior Games are fast approaching, an encouraging sign for the county’s over-50 athletes who are eager to return to the physical activity that the spring and summer seasons often bring. The games will be held June 19-25, 2011. The mission of the York County Senior Games is to promote healthy lifestyles and fitness for York County men and women aged 50 and older through competitive activities. The games’ 55 events will be held at nine sites throughout the county. Organized by the York County Area Agency on Aging and the Senior Games Planning Committee, with a membership of community and business volunteers, the games are more fun than serious competition and benefit from community support and business volunteers. Any York County resident 50 years of age or older as of Dec. 31, 2010, may participate. Age groups are 50-54, 55-59, 60-64, 65-69, 70-74, 75-79, 80-84, and 85+. Medals will be awarded within each age group, and some contests are open to men and women separately. The registration deadline is May 31. In addition to the many competitive events, an opening ceremony at Central York High School Stadium will be held Sunday, June 19, from 4 to 6 p.m. At the end of the week, the closing celebration will be held Saturday, June 25, from 3 to 5:30 p.m. in the high school cafeteria. Scheduled events for 2011 are as follows: Monday, June 20 9:30 a.m. – Doubles bowling at Hanover Bowling Centre, Hanover 1:30 p.m. – Singles bowling at Hanover Bowling Centre, Hanover 3 p.m. – Billiards at Cobblestone’s Restaurant and Sports Emporium, York Tuesday, June 21 8 a.m. – Bocce (age 80+) at York Township Park, York 9:45 a.m. – Bocce (ages 75-79) at York Township Park, York Noon – Bocce (ages 70-74) at York Township Park, York 3 to 6:30 p.m. – Mini golf at Heritage Hills Mini Golf, York 3 to 6:30 p.m. – Drive, pitch, and putt at Heritage Hills Golf Resort, York Wednesday, June 22 8 a.m. – Bocce (ages 65-69) at York Township Park, York 9 a.m. – Nine-hole golf at Little Creek Golf Course, Spring Grove 9:45 a.m. – Bocce (ages 60-64) at York Township Park, York www.SeniorNewsPA.com
11:30 a.m. – Bocce (ages 50-59) at York Township Park, York 1 p.m. – Singles horseshoes at John Rudy Park, York 3 p.m. – Target shooting at Izaak Walton League of America, Dallastown 4:30 p.m. – Doubles horseshoes at John Rudy Park, York 6 p.m. – Trap shooting at Izaak Walton League of America, Dallastown Thursday, June 23 All events at Central York High School, York. 8 a.m. – Singles tennis 8 a.m. – Shuffleboard (ages 50-59 and 80+) 9 to 11 a.m. or 11:30 a.m. to 1 p.m. – Washers 9 to 11:45 a.m. or 12:30 to 2 p.m. – Wii golf 9 a.m. to noon or 12:45 to 2 p.m. – Croquet 9 a.m. to noon or 12:45 to 2 p.m. – Ladder golf 9:30 a.m. – Shuffleboard (ages 60-69) 9:30 a.m. – UNO 1 p.m. – Shuffleboard (ages 70-79) 1 p.m. – Hearts 3 p.m. – Singles badminton 4 p.m. – Doubles badminton 6:30 p.m. – Volleyball Friday, June 24 All events at Central York High School, York. 8 a.m. – Doubles tennis 9 a.m. to noon, 12:45 to 2 p.m. – Throws 10 a.m. – 500 10 a.m. to 2 p.m. – Wii bowling 10 a.m. to 2 p.m. – Darts 12:30 p.m. – Swimming warm-up 1 p.m. – Swimming, freestyle, 50-yard 1 p.m. – Weightlifting, bench press 1:15 p.m. – Swimming, backstroke, 50-yard 1:30 p.m. – Dominoes 1:30 p.m. – Swimming, breaststroke, 50-yard 1:45 p.m. – Swimming, freestyle, 100-yard 2 p.m. – Swimming, backstroke, 100-yard 2 p.m. – Weightlifting, shoulder press 2:15 p.m. – Swimming, breaststroke, 100-yard 2:30 p.m. – Swimming, individual medley 2:30 to 4 p.m. – Medicine ball Saturday, June 25 All events at Central York High School, York. 8 to 11 a.m. – Basketball hoops 8:30 a.m. – 5K run 9 a.m. – Pinochle 9 a.m. – Table tennis 9 a.m. to noon, 12:45 to 2 p.m. – Soccer kick 9:30 a.m. – 100-meter run
10 a.m. to 2 p.m. – Darts 10 a.m. to 2 p.m. – Wii bowling 10:30 a.m. – 4x100 relay 11 a.m. – 400-meter run 11:30 a.m. – Sprint medley Noon – 1,600-meter run 12:30 p.m. – Men’s three-on-three basketball 1 p.m. – Poker The platinum sponsor for the 2011 York County Senior Games is ManorCare Health Services and the gold sponsors are
Lutheran Social Services of South Central Pennsylvania and SeniorLIFE York. Silver sponsors are WellSpan Geriatrics and WILMAC Corp. Bronze sponsors include Glatfelter Insurance Group, Memorial Hospital, Rest Haven York, and Visiting Angels. The media sponsors are WGAL 8, NewsRadio 910 WSBA, and On-Line Publishers, Inc. For more information or to register, call the York County Area Agency on Aging at (717) 771-9001.
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Such Is Life
My Diary: A Thank-You to Mom Saralee Perel January 2, 1961: Dear Diary, My sled hit a tree and cracked my head open. My stupid brother said I didn’t crack my head. But I certainly did! Mommy took us out for butterscotch sundays. Goodbye! Saralee Perel I was 10. My brother, Michael, was 14. My poor mother. How could she let us out of her sight? Michael loved terrifying me. He said, “If you hiccup and burp at the same time, you die.” Instantly, I hiccupped. I raced to my parents’ bedroom and cried, “I’ll die if I burp!” Mom patted the bed. Our arms surrounded each other as we fell asleep. January 7: Dear Diary, I have a sore throat. Mommy officially said No School For You. She let me try on her jewelry. Even her GENUINE diamonds. Goodbye! Saralee Perel
I have her clipon earrings, brooches, and “genuine” (costume) diamonds. When I’m sick, I still play with them at times. Sometimes I cry.
Mother’s Day is May 8
Frankie is the dead one. Mommy won’t get another fish because she is mad I forget to feed them. We had a dog named Friskie. He died because he stopped breathing. Well, that’s all! Except I wish I had a nicer Mommy. Goodbye! Saralee Perel P.S. I really did not mean that.
January 9: Mommy thinks I’m faking my VERY sore throat. I TOLD her my tempeture. Mom rarely slept One hundred well. When I’d need twenty! Goodbye! the bathroom at Saralee Perel P.S. Saralee, her mom, and brother Mike on night, I’d sneak past Mommy’s agrevated the beach in Atlantic City, N.J., in 1955. Michael’s dark door. with me. He’d lunge out January 10: Dear Diary, One of our screaming, “SURPRISE!” I’d go flying 3 feet in the air, then land on all fours. fishes died. They are Frankie and Johnny.
“Mommy!” I always ran to her side. “Michael did it again!” Without opening her eyes, she’d pat the bed, then wrap me in her arms. Once Michael said, “If you sleep on your back, you turn into a corpse in a coffin, and Mom and Dad will bury you alive.” To sleep on my stomach, I’d put pieces of my china tea set against my shoulders, so I’d feel them if I turned. Sometimes they’d break. Mom found out. She cried, holding a delicate teacup with a broken handle. “Please don’t cry, Mommy.” “Grandma gave me this for my bat mitzvah. We had tea parties, like you and I do.” I loved tea parties. We’d have Tetley Tea and Keebler cookies. We sang, “Tea for Two,” emphasizing words by singing them loudly. “Just ME for YOU, and YOU for ME.”
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“There’s some I haven’t broken, Mommy.” It broke my heart then and it does now. February 9: Dear Diary, It’s my birthday!!!! I got Frankie THE SECOND. I told Mommy one hundred times Johnny THE FIRST is lonely. Goodbye! Saralee Perel Can you imagine how irritating it was, hearing me kvetching all day about a fish? October 23: Dear Diary, Jamie and I bicycled downhill. With NO hands. I fell. The kick stand stuck in my leg. It was pouring red blood. Let me just say it was agony. Mommy took me to my uncle, the FAMOUS Doctor Louis Sachs. Uncle Lou picked out many hundred pebbles under my nose and sewed black stitches on my leg. I almost died. Mommy stopped and bought chocolate cake. Goodbye! Saralee Perel
My mother loved me— unconditionally. I wish I could tell her that I know that … now. I want to say, “I adored the shelter of your arms. You made my world safe.” Sometimes I think I’ll never find solace again. “And Mom? I am so sorry I broke our treasured tea set.” My last entry says, “Dear Diary.” However, I’m changing it for this story, as a final thank-you to my mother. December 31: Dear Mommy, Well, well, well. Our time together is coming to a sad ending. It’s been SO wonderful having you to talk to. You are my very best friend. I will miss you SO much. I will love and cherish you forever. Love, love, love, love, love, Goodbye. Saralee Perel. Award-winning columnist Saralee Perel welcomes emails at firstname.lastname@example.org or via her website: www.saraleeperel.com.
Making a Difference in the Lives of People with Dementia Free Educational Seminar Fri., May 20, 2011 • 9 – 11:30 a.m. Registration begins at 8 a.m.
Zion United Methodist Church 1030 Carlisle Avenue, York Light refreshments • Music • Free gift for the first 50 attendees • Door prizes Registration is required. Call today to reserve your seat.
717.751.2488 Program sponsored by: Visiting Angels of York/Hanover, Good News Consulting, Inc., Attorney Jeff Bellomo of Bellomo & Associates, LLC, Zion United Methodist Church, and AseraCare Hospice
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Unique Stories, Common Goal Congratulations to the 2011 PA STATE SENIOR IDOL Semifinalists!
Jose Angel Cruz
Constance Kuba Fisher Peggy Kurtz Keller
Don “Duke” Larson
2011 PA STATE SENIOR IDOL
And a special thank-you to our sponsors! Media Sponsors:
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Contestants from Diverse Backgrounds Share Their Talents at PA STATE SENIOR IDOL Auditions By Beth Anne Heesen Some came from local bands and theaters. Others sang at church, crooned for customers at the grocery store, or performed karaoke for residents in retirement homes. Still others performed only for spouses and grandchildren, danced only in kitchens, and sang only in showers. Whatever their backgrounds, more than 100 people made it to the sixth annual PA STATE SENIOR IDOL auditions, held by On-Line Publishers, Inc., to prove that Pennsylvania’s seniors are bursting with talent. Most sang for the judges, but others played the trumpet or guitar. Everyone had their chance to shine, but only 15 outstanding performers are going on to next month’s finals competition to compete for the title of Pennsylvania’s next SENIOR IDOL. Jose Angel Cruz of Ephrata arrived early for his audition and, fortunately, so did his birthday. Cruz wanted to enter the competition last year but could not because he was still under 50. The firsttimer nailed his audition when he sang “Butterfly Kisses” by Bob Carlisle with energy and passion. Philadelphia resident Dan Kelly was worried when he walked into the audition room because the song on the CD he used was in a different key than he had practiced. Imagine the judges’ surprise when he belted out a deep, confident performance of “Why God, Why” from Miss Saigon. While contestants in the waiting room could not see his dramatic body language and the emotion on his face, every one of them could hear his powerful voice. Judges felt like they found a pot of gold when Patty Price of York took their breaths away singing Judy Garland’s “Over the Rainbow.” Price’s stunning voice and poise earned her a place as a semifinalist for the second year in a row. Constance Kuba Fisher of Mechanicsburg’s animated expressions and gestures also delighted her audience as she sang “Don’t Rain on My Parade” from Funny Girl. The elegant, sequined shirt that she made herself matched her shimmering talent beautifully. Every seasoned contestant knows that to wow the judges, you’ve got to “hit [’em] with your best shot,” but sometimes
the biggest step is just going through with the audition. Steve Reuben of Harrisburg was a little nervous about singing “Some Enchanted Evening” from South Pacific at his audition because he was a little under the weather. Fortunately, he showed up anyway because no one else would have had a clue. His compelling voice was apparently sturdy enough to withstand the attack on his sinuses. Margie Sheaffer of New Providence was another contestant who had butterflies in her stomach. She had been part of a late-’60s rock band and has considerable theater experience, but after 15 years off-stage, Sheaffer was outside her comfort box. Last year she applied for an audition but then backed out of it. She would never have come in for this year’s audition, she said, had 50plus Senior News editor Megan Joyce not contacted her for an interview for April’s cover story. Now that she found herself featured in an article about SENIOR IDOL contestants, she knew there was no turning back, and her husband reminded her that, this time, she had to do it. Before she went in for her audition, she joked with Joyce that she was mad at her for “making” her do this. But after a sizzling performance of “Fever” by Peggy Lee, she gave Joyce a hug and said she was happy that she went through with it. The next day, she got a call congratulating her for making it to the finals. These exceptional semifinalists and others will showcase their talents at the sold-out PA STATE SENIOR IDOL finals competition at the Dutch Apple Dinner Theatre in Lancaster on Monday, June 6. The show’s emcee will be Diane Dayton of Dayton Communications, and local celebrity judges Janelle Stelson of WGAL-8, Buddy King of The Magnificent Men, Valerie Pritchett of abc27, and R.J. Harris of WHP580 AM will select three finalists after the first round of performances. The finalists will then perform a second selection, after which the judges and the audience will vote together to select the 2011 PA STATE SENIOR IDOL. Sponsoring this year’s competition are abc27, Blue Ridge Communications, WCHE1520AM, WHYL960AM, and WHP580 AM. Visit www.SeniorIdolPA.com or call (717) 285-1350 for more information. www.SeniorNewsPA.com
Here Comes ‘D’ Sun Wendell Fowler arth’s 4.5 billion-year-old sun, the axis of our magnificent universe, altruistically fathers all life. Sunbeams provide nutrition for vegetation eaten by omnivores, who are then consumed by other animals, who are ultimately consumed by humans, and so on and so forth. Since the creation of Earth, the infinite cycle of life has obtained power and energy from the sun. Without sol’s warm rays, Earth could not support the gift of life. Cheerful sunlight is considered the best source for vitamin D. When aging kicks in, we spend more time indoors. Outdoors, we slather on sunscreen, blocking wavelengths that manufacture vitamin D. Subsequently, the Archives of Internal Medicine report that 77 percent of Americans are vitamin “D-ficient,” which has links to high blood pressure, depression, weak immune system, diabetes, poor lung function, autism, fibromyalgia, schizophrenia, MS, osteoarthritis, and RA. Not a sunlit picture. The major biological function of D is to maintain normal blood levels of calcium and phosphorus. It also supports all organs, plus 2,000 genes, and, in concert with a number of other vitamins, minerals, and hormones, promotes bone mineralization. Without D, bones become thin, brittle, soft, or misshapen. Positively, D diminishes risk of cancers, autoimmune diseases, infectious diseases, cardiovascular disease, and early age-related macular degeneration, especially vitamin D-3. If you’re an easy mark for flu, colds, sinus and bronchial infections, or pneumonia, vitamin D-3 regulates Tcells, which are absolutely indispensable for a protective immune system. Put this in context with winter colds, sniffles, flu, and depression, and … sigh … it’s all too clear why we’re a sickly bunch. My dear family, including 93-year-old Mom, took 2,000 IU D-3 daily this winter and nary one got as much as a sniffle. The RDA for D established 60 years ago is an insignificant 400 IU when it should’ve been 10 times higher, but our leaders failed miserably in researching basic human nutrition standards. RDA
stands for Recommended Dietary Allowances, a “norm” established by the FDA during World War II that was intended to provide educated guidelines for how much of particular nutrients a normal, healthy person required to stay fit and healthy. The Canadian Cancer Society has responsibly upped its advice to 1,000 IUs a day. Others believe northern climates should consume at least 2,000 IUs a day. “The first thing we’d see is a reduction by 80 percent in the incidence of type-1 diabetes,” said Cedric Garland, a professor of family and preventive medicine at the University of California at San Diego. “The next thing we’d see is a reduction by about 75 percent of all invasive cancers combined, as well as similar reductions in colon cancer and breast cancer, and probably about a 25
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Hospice Seeking ‘Extraordinary Hearts’ Heartland Hospice in York is seeking volunteers who are interested in making a difference in the lives of others. Hospice volunteers are ordinary people with extraordinary hearts. Our volunteers understand how precious life is to those facing a terminal illness and how important it is for patients and their loved ones to live life to the fullest—that little “extra” the volunteer gives in performing a task, offering love and compassion, or just listening makes a big difference. Volunteer opportunities include: Vigil volunteer – Sit with patients during their last hours/days of life to offer comfort Friendly visitor – Talk to, read to, or hold hands with the patient Respite – Stay with the patient while the caregiver runs errands or gets some needed rest Music – Sing or play music (live or recorded) for the patient
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Youâ€™ll start feeling better the minute you see how much you save on generic prescriptions. If you or your family are taking prescription medications, you may want to try generics. Generics are safe and eďŹ€ective, FDA approved, and work the same way that name brands do, but cost up to 80% less. Speak to your CVS Pharmacist to learn more.
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The Squint-Eyed Senior
The Flowers that Bloom Theodore Rickard t is every year at about this time that the Significant Other (and cograndparent) regrets we didn’t plant more flower bulbs last fall. Every springtime lawn in our neighborhood seems to be bordered or actually awash with “hosts of golden daffodils”—if that’s what they are—although they might be jonquils, tulips, or anything else yellow for all I know. In fact, still in the garage is the packet of bulbs she purchased in September. There’s also a digging tool—a sharpedged, tubular thing—and a magazine with an article on bulb planting. I remember the occasion last fall as though it were yesterday. The combination was, I inferred, obviously intended to inspire me to create something in the image of the magazine’s version of a flowering paradise—or that of their professional photographer’s.
I also noticed that the magazine was published from offices in mid-town Manhattan. With the exception of Rockefeller Center’s professional gardeners, I thought, who else could be growing jonquils amid the concrete canyons of Fifth Avenue? This undermined my faith in the project right from the start. Besides which, a tentative pass with the planter gadget found the soil to be rock-hard along the sidewalk where I was expected to dig our way to a flowery bower
rivaling Eden itself … or maybe it’s Elysium. So I decided to go back indoors for lunch instead. This would give me the opportunity to express the extreme unlikelihood of the “flowering bower,” etc., just like Eden—or whatever. This, I was sure, would carry the day at least until naptime. However, “That’s fine, dear,” was all I heard in response, until “I’m sure they’ll look very nice next spring” and then “Remember to plant them at least 6
inches away from the edge of the walk so the plant will have plenty of room to leaf out.” With “leafing out” now in the picture, it was obvious that somebody else had read the magazine article. Happily, the horticultural mission of last fall was interrupted. One of the granddaughters was playing soccer that afternoon and it was the kind of crucial game that demanded the attendance of both grandparents with a reminder that the Village Ice Creamery would be open after the game—win or lose. Thus the blossoming of another floral bower was, for that day, postponed and subsequently forgotten about. A few days later I tucked away the packet of bulbs, the planter device, and the cute gardening gloves with bright-yellow daisies appliquéd on the back. I didn’t exactly hide them, but they just nicely fit behind the container of ice melter.
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Now that spring has finally shown up, there seems to be no point in dragging out the old bulbs and the digger thing. Besides, I am sure the bulbs will no longer sprout after a year of freezing on the garage shelf. It’s true they would have frozen in the ground anyway, but isn’t there a difference there someplace? You aren’t supposed to plant bulbs in the spring, and by that time, soccer season starts up again. But the other morning I should have known something was up when breakfast included not only made-fromscratch waffles, but also sausages to go
with them. This was not, as it turned out, because the grandchildren were coming for the morning. Instead there were two fiber-potted small rosebushes on the sidewalk. There was also a package of something called “Rose Grow,” a folder on transplant techniques, and a miniature pointed spade. I got the message. I was not, however, about to retrieve the gardening gloves with the daisy appliqué. After all, a man has his pride. But even baby rosebushes, I found, have thorns. Sharp ones. Jonquils don’t.
H[Ufad[S`FWSBSdfk Tuesday, May 24 • 2 to 4pm
Join us for an afternoon Tea Party complete with Finger Sandwiches and luscious Petit Fours Entertainment provided by pianist Gloria Carr Mother/Daughter photography opportunity Please RSVP to Denise by May 20
from page 15
percent reduction in ovarian cancer.” Salmon, tuna, mackerel, and fish liver oils are among the best dietary sources of D. Cows moo that their milk is fortified with D, but it’s synthetic, ergo, rubbish. Minute amounts of D exist in grass-fed beef liver, cheese, and organic, free-range egg yolks. Vitamin D in these foods is primarily in the form of vitamin D-3. During the warm parts of the year, our magnificent Holy Temple produces the “sunshine vitamin” from 10 minutes of daily rays, but ol’ sol dips lower on the fall horizon, not returning until late spring to bathe Earth’s needy northern hemisphere. The northern United States is so dark in winter that D synthesis shuts down completely. If, for some reason, you’re unable to eat foods with D or to get enough sunlight, Dr. Chuck Landon, PhD, ND, DaHOM of Indianapolis, suggests taking 2,000 to 5,000 IU daily. Check with your own doctor and see what he or she recommends. No adverse effects have been seen with supplemental vitamin D-3 intakes up to 10,000 IU daily. Skip the counterfeit, synthesized grocery versions and support your community vitamin store for a true source. For most Caucasians, a half hour in the summer sun in a bathing suit can initiate the release of 50,000 IU vitamin
D into the circulation within 24 hours of exposure; this same amount of exposure yields 20,000–30,000 IU in tanned individuals and 8,000–10,000 IU in dark-skinned people. While the study focused on white Americans, the same geographical trend affects black Americans, whose overall cancer rates are significantly higher. Darker-skinned people require more sunlight to synthesize the vitamin. Americans assume more is better of anything, hence the skin cancer paradox. While it’s true the sun isn’t a wonder drug, it’s elemental in sustaining human health. The benevolent giver has been worshiped by many cultures throughout history because of its vast healing and therapeutic powers. At the turn of the century, people considered the sun good for health and touted it as a cure for major disease. It was a time when “recuperating in the sun” grew popular, with claims that extensive exposure, preferably by the seaside, was a magical cure-all for plague, old age, and TB. So it’s true that there’s nothing new under the sun. Ditch the gooey white stuff and then go out and let the sunshine bathe your beautiful skin—but for only 10 minutes, OK? Wendell Fowler is a retired chef turned motivational speaker and the author of Eat Right, Now! Contact him at firstname.lastname@example.org.
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Calendar of Events York County Department of Parks and Recreation
Senior Center Activities
Pre-registration is required for these programs. To register or find out more about these activities or any additional scheduled activities, call (717) 428-1961.
Delta Area Senior Center, Inc. – (717) 456-5753 Eastern Area Senior Center, Inc. – (717) 252-1641
May 7, 7:30 to 9 a.m. – Warbler Walk, Rocky Ridge Park May 8, 2:30 to 4 p.m. – Mother’s Day Nature Walk, Nixon Park May 22, 2:30 to 4 p.m. – Friendly Backyard Habitat, Nixon Park
York County Library Programs Arthur Hufnagel Public Library of Glen Rock, 32 Main St., Glen Rock, (717) 235-1127
Golden Visions Senior Community Center – (717) 633-5072 May 3, 12:20 p.m. – Music and Dance with Danny Sullivan May 20, 10 a.m. – Blood Pressure Screening May 23, 10:30 a.m. – Family Feud with Providence Place
Collinsville Community Library, 2632 Delta Road, Brogue, (717) 927-9014 Tuesdays, 6 to 8 p.m. – Purls of Brogue Knitting Club
Heritage Senior Center, Inc. – (717) 292-7471
Dillsburg Area Public Library, 17 S. Baltimore St., Dillsburg, (717) 432-5613
Northeastern Senior Community Center – (717) 266-1400
Dover Area Community Library, 3700-3 Davidsburg Road, Dover, (717) 292-6814 Glatfelter Memorial Library, 101 Glenview Road, Spring Grove, (717) 225-3220 Guthrie Memorial Library, 2 Library Place, Hanover, (717) 632-5183 Kaltreider-Benfer Library, 147 S. Charles St., Red Lion, (717) 244-2032
Red Land Senior Citizen Center – (717) 938-4649 South Central Senior Community Center – (717) 235-6060 Mondays, 9:15 a.m. – Acrylic Art Class Thursdays, 9 a.m. – Bowling League Fridays, 9 a.m. – This & That Stitchers Class
Kreutz Creek Valley Library Center, 66 Walnut Springs Road, Hellam, (717) 252-4080 Martin Library, 159 E. Market St., York, (717) 846-5300 Mason-Dixon Public Library, 250 Bailey Drive, Stewartstown, (717) 993-2404 Paul Smith Library of Southern York County, 80 Constitution Ave., Shrewsbury, (717) 235-4313 Red Land Community Library, 48 Robin Hood Drive, Etters, (717) 938-5599
May 3, 7 p.m. Surviving Spouse Socials of York County Faith United Church of Christ 509 Pacific Ave., York (717) 266-2784
Susquehanna Senior Center – (717) 244-0340 White Rose Senior Center – (717) 843-9704, www.whiteroseseniorcenter.org
Village Library, 35-C N. Main St., Jacobus, (717) 428-1034
Programs and Support Groups
Stewartstown Senior Center – (717) 993-3488 May 6 – Covered Dish for Mother’s Day May 7 – Mother, Daughter, Friend Tea and Fashion Show May 27 – Memorial Day Picnic
Free and open to the public May 10 and 24, 7 to 8:30 p.m. Women with Depression/Mood Disorders Support Group Emanuel Methodist Church 40 Main St., Loganville (717) 747-8924 firstname.lastname@example.org
Windy Hill Senior Center – (717) 225-0733 May 4, 10:30 a.m. – Mother’s Day Tea Yorktown Senior Center – (717) 854-0693
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The Green Mountain Gardener
Memorial Gardens Dr. Leonard Perry
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emorial or remembrance gardens are an ideal way to keep alive the memory of those deceased, whether they are family, friends, or even pets. They are particularly appropriate if the deceased had some interest in gardening. Instead of a plaque or memorial that lasts, some like to plant a mass of perennials or a grove of native trees. These are allowed to reseed, so as the original plants die, new seedlings grow. This carries the planting along for many years, much longer than a single plant. Candidates for such perennials might be mallows, garden phlox, and lupines, and for annuals try cosmos or spider flower. Just make sure their reseeding won’t cause problems where sited. If a person was interested in gardening, their passions would be a good place to start in creating a memorial garden. Perhaps they were fond of a plant such as rhododendron, phlox, or hollyhocks, which, by planting, will remind you of them. Perhaps the person liked a food such as applesauce or wines, so you might plant an apple tree or grapes to trigger memories. My mother was fond of herbs, so I keep a small herb garden in her memory. Others keep alive memories of friends through plants given to them by that person. If a person liked a particular season, focus your garden on this, either with bloom times as in spring bulbs or foliage colors for fall. If a person liked a particular color, focus on this with flowers and foliage if possible. A white garden is sometimes popular to remember a young child, with white symbolizing purity. If the person was religious, consider a
religious statue. If the person liked birds, add birdfeeders and baths. Such objects as birdbaths, hummingbird feeders, and benches are appropriate if you don’t have time or space for a full garden. One common remembrance popular with many is to plant a variety with the name of the person, such as Mary Todd daylily if the person’s name was Mary. Every time you see the plant you think of the person. Roses are a popular remembrance plant, many having people names. A different type of memorial garden can be designed for reflection or to grieve. In such gardens, enclosure from the outside world as with a fence or hedge often is used. Usually such gardens have a plaque, monument, or focal point and a bench or some form of seating. Soothing, sensual effects, such as fragrance from flowers or the sound of a gentle water feature, can be comforting in such gardens. A memorial garden for reflection is appropriate for persons that really had no interest in plants. Instead, install some object to remind you of them as a focal point. For an adult interested in music, you might choose wind chimes or a musical sculpture. For one interested in literature, have their favorite poem inscribed. For children, this focus could be a sculpture of their favorite toy or impressions in stepping stones. Perhaps you would create a children’s play garden for other youth to enjoy. Creating memorial gardens promotes healing. Maintaining them is therapeutic. The gardens not only keep alive their memories, but also provide beauty to those who see them even if they didn’t know the person you are remembering.
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Braintwisters 1. What famous poem begins with the following line? “Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered, weak and weary ...” A. “The Raven” by Edgar Allan Poe B. “Paul Revere’s Ride” by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow C. “The Dance of the Dead” by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe D. “The Ghost” by Charles Baudelaire 2. What poet wrote the following lines? “From fairest creatures we desire increase / That thereby beauty’s rose might never die.” A. Percy Bysshe Shelley B. Lord Byron C. William Shakespeare D. Geoffrey Chaucer 3. What poet coined the term “Beat” movement? A. Allen Ginsberg B. Lawrence Ferlinghetti C. Jack Kerouac D. J.D. Salinger 4. Who was the first poet laureate of England? A. Thomas Shadwell B. Ben Jonson C. William Wordsworth D. William Shakespeare 5. What poet wrote the famous poem “Waste Land”? A. Walt Whitman B. Emily Dickinson C. T.S. Eliot D. Christopher Cranch Source: www.usefultrivia.com
This month’s answers on page 22
Dr. Leonard P. Perry is an extension professor at the University of Vermont.
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Salute to a Veteran
The Flak Literally Creased the Top of His Skull Robert D. Wilcox uring WWII, Otis Harrison was working in a shipyard in Newport News, Va. And what he saw of ships there convinced him that the Navy was where he ought to be. The Navy was glad to have him; although, after boot camp, they did their best to interest him in submarines. “Not a chance,” he explains. “I wanted to be able to see the sky over my head.” And he wound up picking PT boats. These boats used the planing-type hull form developed for racing boats and could reach speeds as fast as 40 knots. The “PT” stood for “Patrol Torpedo,” and they were designed to use their speed to get close to enemy surface ships and their small size to avoid being spotted and hit by gunfire. Harrison shipped to Melville, R.I., where he spent 16 weeks learning all about PT boats. Then it was to New Orleans to be assigned to a crew. They
A PT boat identical to his, as photographed by Harrison. Radioman 2nd Class Otis Harrison, right, in London in October 1944, with his cousin, Joseph Barnes, left, who was in the 8th Air Force.
picked up their new “Higgins” boat at Lake Pontchartrain and, with five other PT boats, proceeded to Miami for shakedown of the new vessels. They then sailed to the Brooklyn Navy Yard, where the six crews and their boats were placed
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aboard a Navy tanker for the trip to Swansea, Wales. They had arrived in Wales barely in time for the D-Day invasion of Normandy. Two days later, they were part of the vast armada of ships making the invasion. Harrison says, “The number of ships was simply unbelievable. There was a solid canopy of ships. It seemed like you could just walk from
ship to ship, there were so many of them. “We were being fired on constantly. LSTs loaded with troops were being blown up all around us. The Germans had planted ‘hedgehogs’ all along the approach to the beach. They were steel rails that formed a V that LSTs could clear at the height of the 40-foot tide but would snare them as the tide receded. Then they were sitting ducks. Many men tried to jump off and wade in, only to be weighed down by all their gear and sink to their deaths. It was hell on earth,” he says. “Our PT boat did picket duty, and we were constantly picking up wounded and dead soldiers. We would carry them to the first large vessel, leave them, then continue picking up more. All this time, we were being shot at from the German pillboxes, and the shells from our heavy cruisers and battleships were whistling over us.”
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Braintwisters Untwist Your Brain!
1. A. “The Raven” by Edgar Allan Poe 2. C. William Shakespeare 3. C. Jack Kerouac 4. B. Ben Jonson 5. C. T.S. Eliot Questions shown on page 21
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Harrison stops to ask, “Have you ever heard shells from those 14- and 16-inch rifles go overhead? They sound like a boxcar going over. I don’t know how badly it scared the Germans, but it sure sobered me.” In the two weeks following D-Day, Harrison’s boat was given the job of drawing fire from German shore batteries along the length of the Cherbourg Peninsula, so they would reveal their positions to our heavier ships who could then aim at the flares they saw from the German guns. Harrison remembers when they once actually entered the Le Havre harbor at night … and set off the most awesome display of tracers from left and right. He says, “There was a solid wall of tracers coming at us.” He still wonders how they got out of that unscathed. Their next assignment was to patrol the Channel Islands in the English Channel. The islands had been taken by the Germans, and the job of Harrison’s boat was to help keep the Germans on those islands bottled up. It was there that a shell landed just beyond the stern of his boat and actually lifted the boat out of the water. And that’s where parts of the exploded shell created a crease in his scalp. When it was their time to go home, their boat was hauled aboard an LST at Portsmouth, England, and they were off to New York. But is an LST equipped to handle a crossing of the North Atlantic? “I would have said no,” Harrison admits. “They were built to deliver
soldiers to a beach. They had no keel, and they slid around alarming in the 20- to 30-foot swells. But somehow they got us there.” Harrison was scheduled to go to the Pacific, but he had a leave that took him back to his family home in Petersburg, Va. It was on the train when he learned of the surrender of the Japanese. And in a few more weeks, he was discharged. He worked in sales for many years for Union Camp and retired in 1985. In 1954, the company had sent him to Central Pennsylvania, and he liked it so much he never left. He was not able to go when a group of veterans returned to France in the 1970s to a dedication ceremony at Omaha Beach. Those veterans were honored by the French government for their service during the invasion and were given special Liberty Medals minted by the French for the occasion. Harrison and 40 or so others got that same medal in February 1985 in the office of U.S. Representative Joe Pitts, who had worked hard to find the veterans and present them with the medal in their honor. Today, Harrison plays golf seven days a week, works with Meals on Wheels, and busies himself with work of his church. But he says he’ll never forget those days of excitement and peril aboard his PT boat in the greatest war the world has ever seen. Colonel Wilcox flew a B-17 bomber in Europe in WWII.
On Memorial Day, Remember These Battles Memorial Day is a time to remember those brave men and women who sacrificed their lives in defense of their country. It began as a day of remembrance for soldiers of the Civil War, then was extended after World War I to include those who served in all of America’s wars. As you stand in silence or lay a wreath, consider the price we paid for victory in these historic battles that, each in its own way, shaped the nation: Trenton (1776). George Washington defeated Hessian forces by crossing the Delaware for the first major victory in the Revolutionary War. The Alamo (1836). Approximately 150 Texas settlers held off a Mexican force of 1,500 troops, enduring a 13-day siege www.SeniorNewsPA.com
before being overwhelmed. Though the Alamo fell, the defeat caught the attention of the nation and inspired many to join the revolution there. Gettysburg (1863). Union forces in a three-day battle with the Confederate Army halted the South’s invasion of the North during the U.S. Civil War. Midway (1942). The U.S. Navy decisively defeated the Imperial Japanese Navy in a battle that weakened the Japanese fleet’s ability to undertake a further major offensive against the United States. D-Day (1944). Allied Forces landed in Normandy, France, in the largest amphibious invasion in history.
By Myles Mellor and Sally York
Across 1. Rage violently 5. Sword handle 9. Counters 14. Infant’s desire to be loved (Japanese word) 15. Asian nurse 16. Cricket position 17. Outlaw turns soul singer? 20. Cockeyed 21. Spread a fertilizer 22. Oolong, for one 24. Enlist Down 1. Big Indian 2. Home of ISU 3. Cher flick 4. 100 centimos 5. The ___ (Uris novel) 6. Prayer leader 7. Guru 8. Prefix with magnetic 9. Color of honey 10. Faulks novel 11. ___ Annie 12. Bully 13. Hampton ___ 18. “Concentration” pronoun
28. 31. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46.
Maori war dance Spite Exude “Act your ___!” Had on Personae non gratae Director turns businessman? Sentence type Fruitless Trick taker, often Any thing Mozart contemporary
19. 23. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 32. 33. 36.
Brickbat Acknowledge Uproars Nahuati speakers Rent payer Kentucky forward Rabbit-like rodent Got it Baseball stat On edge South Korean currency 37. Juliet, to Romeo 39. Agoraphobic? 40. Palindromic begetter?
48. 49. 51. 53. 56. 60. 64. 65. 66. 67. 68. 69.
Finnish river Cognac cocktail Bit Adorn City in Belgium Pop artist turns actor? Bill of ___ Poker diva Not theirs Daisy variety Yemen gulf White ice
41. 46. 47. 48. 50. 52. 54. 55. 57. 58. 59. 60. 61. 62. 63.
Touch Muslim pilgrimage Anatomical ring Text changer Perfume Aladdin prince Scolded Pad or cap starter Needle holder Undeveloped idea European language This may be fragile Nova, e.g. Piggy digit? Hosiery defect
Solution on page 24
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Fragments of History
When Fidel Castro Wrote to President Roosevelt – Letters Written to U.S. Presidents Victor M. Parachin handwritten letter addressed to the White House and postmarked Nov. 25, 1940, began, “My good friend Roosevelt” and was signed, “Your friend, Fidel Castro,” who was 12 years of age at the time. In the letter, Castro apologized for his limited knowledge of English. Nevertheless, he knew enough to write the president of the United States and ask him for $10. “If you like, give me ten dollar bill green American, in the letter, because … I have not seen a ten dollar bill green American and I would like to have one of them,” he wrote. The reason for writing the letter remains a mystery. It is unlikely that Castro was in dire need of the money because his parents were a middle-class Cuban family with enough resources to send him to a private Jesuit school and later to the University of Havana. Possibly, the letter was a school assignment to
practice English by writing a letter to a person in the United States. There is no record that President Roosevelt responded to the young Castro, but one wonders how Cuban-American relations may have been different had the president written back and enclosed a $10 bill. As the highest elected official in the country, an American president receives thousands of letters daily from citizens. Some write asking for help, others to scold, some to advise, and others to commend. Here are a few fascinating samples of letters written to U.S. presidents. The citizens of South Dakota on Al Capone. Sometime during the night hours of March 1, 1932, someone kidnapped the 20-month-old son of aviation pioneer Charles Lindbergh. Sadly, the baby’s body was found on May 12 in a wooded area near his home. That event became the crime of the century for Americans who read about it
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in newspapers and listened to events on radio. When the baby was first kidnapped, Al Capone—America’s most famous and notorious gangster—was locked in Chicago’s Cook County Jail, waiting to be transferred to a federal penitentiary to begin serving his 11-year term for tax evasion. Upon learning about the kidnapping, Capone immediately offered a $10,000 reward for information leading to the safe return of the child. He also claimed he could find and apprehend the guilty person if authorities would release him from jail for a two-week period. Word of his offer made news and a lively public debate ensued over whether or not the gangster should be released to help solve the crime. A group of South Dakota citizens, outraged at the possibility the gangster could be released, even temporarily, wrote President Herbert Hoover this terse, two-paragraph letter:
We, as citizens of the state of South Dakota, hereby wish to protest against any action that you, as chief executive of our nation, might take to release Al Capone from confinement because of his reported willingness to aid in the search for the kidnapped son of Mr. and Mrs. Charles A. Lindbergh. While our sympathy goes out to Mr. and Mrs. Lindbergh in their loss, we feel that presidential action to free this notorious criminal even temporarily, to assist individuals, would be a serious mistake. We believe that it would encourage further acts of kidnapping, violence from gangsters, and that it would be wholly unwise. Most respectfully yours … An offer of 50 lady sharpshooters for the war effort. Though her birth name was Phoebe Ann Moses, the country came to know her as Annie Oakley, “America’s Representative Lady Shot.” Oakley’s skill as a sharpshooter made her the most
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Crossword shown on page 23
famous woman in America during the late 19th century. As part of Buffalo Bill Cody’s famous Wild West Show, Oakley blazed away with shotguns, rifles, and handguns at targets all while riding a horse or bicycle or standing still. Chief Sitting Bull, who was also part of the show, was so impressed that he gave her the Sioux name “Little Sure Shot.” In the spring of 1898 the country was on the brink of war with Spain. The U.S. battleship Maine sunk under odd circumstances in Havana harbor, prompting speculation that the Spanish were behind the act. Eager to serve the country, Oakley wrote President William McKinley this brief letter: Dear Sir: I, for one, feel confident that your good judgment will carry America safely through without war. But in case of such an event, I am ready to place a company of 50 lady sharpshooters at your disposal. Every one of them will be an American and, as they will furnish their own arms and ammunition, will be little if any expense to the government. Very truly, Annie Oakley Persuading Lyndon Johnson to run for president. Lyndon Johnson assumed the presidency under the most difficult of circumstances, the assassination of John F. Kennedy. By August 1964 he had been president for only nine months and had to make a decision about continuing. During those nine months, Johnson made remarkable progress helping the nation through its grief over President Kennedy, declaring a “war on poverty,” outlining a “Great Society” vision for America, and persuading Congress to pass the most comprehensive civil rights legislation in U.S. history. However, as the 1964 presidential election approached, problems were looming. The conflict in Vietnam was escalating rapidly and the bodies of three civil rights workers—missing since June— were found in Mississippi. Sensing major issues ahead and perhaps uncertain if he was up for the leadership challenge, President Johnson was surely inspired to receive this letter from his wife, Lady Bird Johnson: Beloved – You are as brave a man as Harry Truman—or FDR—or Lincoln. You can go on to find some peace, some achievement amidst all the pain. You have been strong, patient, determined beyond any words of mine to express. I honor you for it. So does most of the country. To step out now would be wrong for your country, and I can see nothing but a lonely wasteland for your future. Your friends would be frozen in embarrassed silence and your enemies jeering. I am not afraid of time or lies or losing money or www.SeniorNewsPA.com
defeat. In the final analysis I can’t carry any of the burdens you talk of—so I know it’s only your choice. But know you are as brave as any of the 35. I love you always, Bird Johnson went on to run an energetic campaign for president and won by a landslide. “Eat your vegetables, Mr. President.” Just as the Watergate scandal was breaking in the summer of 1973, President Richard M. Nixon became ill with viral pneumonia and was hospitalized. An 8-year-old named John W. James III identified with the president, having recently experienced the same illness. Dear President Nixon, I heard you were sick with pneumonia. I just got out of the hospital yesterday with pneumonia and I hope you did not catch it from me. Since young Mr. James had already recovered, he offered this advice to the ill president: Now you be a good boy and eat your vegetables like I had to. If you take your medicine and your shots, you’ll be out in eight days like I was. While there is no official record of President Nixon’s vegetable consumption, his bout with pneumonia lasted exactly as long as young Mr. James’s had—eight days! First email letter from outerspace. In October 1998 and at the age of 77, famed astronaut John Glenn joined seven members of the shuttle crew of Discovery for a nine-day mission in outerspace. Glenn had already made history in February 1962 when he became the first American to orbit the Earth. Near the end of the mission, Glenn wrote President Clinton this historic email: Dear Mr. President, This is certainly a first for me, writing to a president from space, and it may be a first for you in receiving an email direct from an orbiting spacecraft … I want to personally thank you and Mrs. Clinton for coming to the Cape to see the launch. I hope you enjoyed it just half as much as we did on board … The whole crew was impressed that you would be the first president to personally see a shuttle launch and asked me to include their best regards to you … Glenn concluded his correspondence by saying, We have gone almost a third of the way around the world in the time it has taken me to write this letter … That email is one reflection of the massive changes that have taken place in America since its founding. Social, political, and technological changes have shaped and transformed life in the United States. Across the decades, correspondence between American citizens and U.S. presidents has moved from pen and inkwell to typewriters, telegrams, and email.
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Older But Not Wiser
Kowabonga Sy Rosen dward Kean, the head writer for The Howdy Doody Show, died last summer. I remember being glued to the TV watching Howdy, Phineas T. Bluster, Dilly Dally, Chief Thunderthud, Clarabell, and Flub-a-Dub. And, of course, there was Princess Summerfall Winterspring, whom I had a major crush on and dreamed of marrying. It probably wouldn’t have worked out because it’s kind of hard for a 10-year-old to support a family. The obituary talked about Edward Kean’s many accomplishments, but it particularly emphasized the word he created for Chief Thunderthud, “kowabonga.” That word swept the country and is still used by surfers, only they spell it “cowabunga.” My question is, if you were remembered for one thing, would you want it to be “kowabonga”? And my answer is, absolutely! It was popular, creative, and made people smile. I started wondering what other people
wanted to be remembered for, what they consider their major accomplishment in life. I did some research by asking my friends and family. That may have been a mistake. The first person I talked to was my Aunt Esther. She is a feisty and dramatic lady, and as soon as I asked what she wanted to be remembered for, she replied, “Why? Am I going to die soon?!” Me: “No, I’m just doing some research.” Esther: “Do you know something? Am I sick?” Me: “No, you’re very healthy.” Esther: “I ate some salmon last week; maybe it was no good. I’m going to my doctor right now!” From then on, I made sure that everyone knew that the question had nothing to do with their current health. I went to lunch with my best friend, Larry, who happens to be a schoolteacher. Larry said, “I’d like to be remembered for reaching, really reaching a few of my
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students.” We then finished our meal and, as usual, Larry looked away and I paid the bill. Just once I’d like Larry to “reach” for the check. My cousin, Carl, who has a pretty good sense of humor, wanted to be remembered for being the oldest man in the world. Aunt Flora wanted to be remembered for being a great dancer … “In 1958 I won the Coney Island Cha-Cha Contest. I still have the trophy.” She then did the cha-cha for me and was actually quite good. She asked me to do the cha-cha with her, and I’m glad nobody videotaped it. Cousin Arnie, who is a dentist, said, “I’d like to be remembered for making the perfect crown, a crown so perfect that people wouldn’t realize it was a crown and would think it was a real tooth. I guess if they thought it was a real tooth, it wouldn’t be remembered as a perfect crown, so I guess I would like to be
remembered as the man who wasn’t remembered for making the perfect crown but he did make it.” My cousin will be remembered as a man who talked too much. I then went to see my Uncle Mort and Aunt Sylvia, who were sitting next to each other on their sofa. Uncle Mort answered first and, unfortunately, didn’t give much thought to what he was saying. “I want to be remembered as a great lover, if you know what I mean. In my younger days, before I settled down with my wonderful wife, I knew a lot of women, and I’m pretty sure they’d all agree with my assessment, if you know what I mean.” Aunt Sylvia then quickly said, “I want to be remembered for killing my husband Mort, if you know what I mean.” After talking to all these people, I decided I wanted to be remembered for being a great father and husband. I know it’s a little trite, but we all can’t come up with … “kowabonga!!!”
Mexican Haystacks By Pat Sinclair This is the time of year when it’s warm and sunny—or maybe rainy—but we’re all looking for lighter foods, not the stews and soups of winter. Mexican Haystacks bridge the gap nicely. Healthy and filling, topped with fresh vegetables and easy to make, you probably have most of the ingredients on hand. Purchase an avocado that yields slightly to a gentle touch. I usually allow avocados one or two days longer to ripen before using them. Makes 2 servings 1/2 lb. lean ground beef 1/2 teaspoon oregano leaves 1/4 teaspoon salt 1/4 teaspoon ground cumin 6 corn tortillas 1 cup salsa or 1 (8-oz.) can tomato sauce 1 cup refried beans, fat-free 1/2 cup whole kernel corn 1/2 cup shredded Monterey jack cheese Avocado slices, chopped tomato, and shredded lettuce Sour cream, if desired Heat the oven to 400 degrees F. Spray an 11x7-inch baking dish with nonstick cooking spray. Cook the ground beef in a medium skillet over medium-high heat until no longer pink and well browned, stirring occasionally. Stir in seasonings. Spray the tortillas with cooking spray. Spread two tortillas with refried beans and place in the baking dish. Divide the beef in half and sprinkle over the refried beans. Add a second tortilla to each stack and add 1/4 cup corn to each. Spread each with 1/4 cup salsa and 2 tablespoons cheese. Top with remaining tortillas and pour remaining salsa over stacks. Cover dish with foil. Bake 15 to 20 minutes or until heated through. Remove foil. Sprinkle with remaining cheese. Let stand 2 to 3 minutes or until cheese is melted. Place on serving plates and add toppings. Cook’s Note: There are many variations of this recipe. You can easily use ground turkey for the ground beef, season the meat with taco seasoning instead of spices, use a spicy or mild salsa, or replace the refried beans with kidney beans. Corn tortillas come in packages of 12 and freeze well. After opening a can of refried beans, I also freeze any leftovers. Pat Sinclair announced the publication of her second cookbook, Scandinavian Classic Baking (Pelican Publishing), in February 2011. This book has a color photo of every recipe. Her first cookbook, Baking Basics and Beyond (Surrey Books), won the 2007 Cordon d’Or from the Culinary Arts Academy. Contact her at http://PatCooksandBakes.blogspot.com
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Published on May 10, 2011
Published on May 10, 2011
50plus Senior News, published monthly, is offered to provide individuals 50 and over in the Susquehanna and Delaware Valley areas with timel...