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Lancaster County Edition

November 2011

Vol. 17 No. 11

(Re)Making the Sale Exceptional Volunteer Maximizes Profits for Library Book Sales By Megan Joyce To say that Pat Ditzler has a knack for organization is like saying Bill Gates knows his way around a computer. Ditzler has volunteered with the Friends of the Lancaster Public Library for almost 30 years and chaired its enormous used book sale nine times. One of the largest and most well-attended book sales in the country, it raises vital funds for Lancaster Public Library. Much of that success in recent years is due to Ditzler, a retired accountant who has used her organizationally inclined mind to develop procedures for researching and pricing rare books, training volunteers to sort books, implementing Internet book sales, and honing book-sorting and display strategies. In fact, she has been so successful and her system so revolutionary that Ditzler was honored with the 2010 Lifetime Achievement Award from Pennsylvania Citizens for Better Libraries. Though she has lived in Central Pennsylvania since 1960, this selfdescribed “Army brat” was born in Monterey, Calif., but moved around frequently, actually graduating high school in Naples, Italy. An avid library goer as a child, Ditzler remembers frequenting the library at the NATO base. “It just seemed like a wonderful place—the smell of the books, the feel of please see SALE page 26 Library volunteer and book-sale expert Pat Ditzler will soon see her own book on display when A Book Sale How-to Guide becomes available this fall.

Inside:

Caregivers Forum Will Offer Information, Support page 2

New Flu Vaccine Offers Better Protection page 15


Caregivers Forum Will Offer Information, Support Your Way: A Practical Guide for Family Caregivers – 250 Real Life Questions & It has been said that nothing in life Commonsense Answers, she will help guide comes free. An addition to this year’s free guests in determining a healthy lifestyle Lancaster County 50plus EXPO, however, for day-to-day caregiving. is yet another free event: a Caregivers “The most important objective of the Forum, presented by On-Line Publishers, forum is to provide information and Inc. The forum will be held in encouragement to caregivers. It is through education that the best choices conjunction with the EXPO at Lancaster Host Resort from 9:30 a.m. to 3 p.m. on can be made,” Anderson said. “I’m confident Dr. Linda Rhodes will provide Tuesday, Nov. 8. exceptional insight into the world of “As our population continues to age, caregiving and our speakers and panelists the demands for caregiver support will provide resources for all who attend.” escalate. For more than 16 years, 50plus Suppose you are interested in the legal Senior News has offered articles to side of support caregiving – individuals attorney Thomas who are in a A. Fanning will caregiving answer questions role,” Donna Tuesday, Nov. 8 at his seminar Anderson, 9:30 a.m. to 3 p.m related to wills, president of held in conjunction with the 50plus EXPO power of On-Line at Lancaster Host Resort attorney, living Publishers, wills, and assets. said. Megan Campbell, vice president of “Additionally, we publish Caregiver operations for IntegraCare Corporation, Solutions annually, which is a resource will provide attendees with a range of guide for caregivers. We decided it was information regarding dementia. It will time to offer a forum especially for those include an overview of the disease who care for a parent, a spouse, or a process, cognitive deficits, and strategies friend.” for coping with the subsequent behavior. The forum will showcase three The session will also include tips for presentations regarding strategies and seeking resources and determining a support for family caregivers or seniors health program to fit your needs. suffering from chronic illness. Whether your entire day is spent at “We selected topics we thought would be most relevant to anyone in a caregiver the forum, or you must make a shorter visit, Anderson is hopeful that every role,” Anderson said. “Knowing the visitor will leave feeling more resources available offers peace of mind knowledgeable, confident, and prepared for caregivers.” for a caregiving role. The keynote speaker, Dr. Linda “We hope they will learn that they Rhodes, former Pennsylvania secretary of aren’t alone and that support and aging and noted author, will provide resources are readily available in our valuable information for those interested in caregiver support. As author of Finding community,” said Anderson. By Laura Farnish

Strategies, Information, and Support for Caregivers.

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November 2011

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November Celebrates Native American Indian Heritage

Corporate Office: 3912 Abel Drive, Columbia, PA 17512 Phone 717.285.1350 • Fax 717.285.1360 Chester County: 610.675.6240

By Laura Farnish

Cumberland County/Dauphin County: 717.770.0140 Berks County/Lancaster County/ Lebanon County/York County: 717.285.1350 E-mail address: info@onlinepub.com Website address: www.onlinepub.com

PRESIDENT AND PUBLISHER Donna K. Anderson

EDITORIAL MANAGING EDITOR Christianne Rupp EDITOR, 50PLUS PUBLICATIONS Megan Joyce EDITORIAL INTERN Laura Farnish

ART DEPARTMENT PROJECT COORDINATOR Renee Geller PRODUCTION ARTIST Janys Cuffe

BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT ACCOUNT EXECUTIVES Angie McComsey Ranee Shaub Miller Chrissy Smolenski ACCOUNT REPRESENTATIVE Emily Horn SALES COORDINATOR Eileen Culp

CIRCULATION PROJECT COORDINATOR Loren Gochnauer

ADMINISTRATION BUSINESS MANAGER Elizabeth Duvall Member of

Awards

SeniorNews is published by On-Line Publishers, Inc. and is distributed monthly among senior centers, retirement communities, banks, grocers, libraries and other outlets serving the senior community. On-Line Publishers, Inc. will not knowingly accept or publish advertising which may be fraudulent or misleading in nature. Views expressed in opinion stories, contributions, articles and letters are not necessarily the views of the publisher. The appearance of advertisements for products or services does not constitute an endorsement of the particular product or service. The publisher will not be responsible for mistakes in advertisements unless notified within five days of publication. On-Line Publishers, Inc. reserves the right to revise or reject any and all advertising. No part of this publication may be reproduced or reprinted without permission of On-Line Publishers, Inc. We will not knowingly publish any advertisement or information not in compliance with the Federal Fair Housing Act, Pennsylvania State laws or other local laws.

November 2011

Sitting Bull

Clark expedition, and she served as an invaluable guide and interpreter when the explorers reached the Missouri River. She was honored on the first new coin of the millennium, the Sacajawea golden dollar. Another popular name in American Indian history is Sitting Bull, the leader of the Sioux Indians during the Battle of Little Bighorn. His knowledge of Sioux warfare, and his determination to overcome George Armstrong Custer’s army, proved successful as his people were given pardon to settle on their rightful reservations. Politically, Charles Curtis enriched our history as the 31st vice president of the United States, serving under Herbert Hoover from

1929 to 1933. He was the first person of Native American ancestry to reach one of the two highest offices in the United States government. Curtis endorsed a fiveday workweek without reduced wages to cope with unemployment rates at the time. Without writers such as Sherman Alexie, one would be without inventive and humorous writing that provides insight into American Indian life. His novel, The Business of Fancydancing, won the New York Times’ award for Notable Book of the Year. His novels have inspired movies, one of which Alexie coproduced. He continues to add to the world of literature with his most recent book of poetry, Dangerous Astronomy. But these notable American Indians are only a fraction of those recognized this month. According to the 2000 census, 4.1 million United States residents described themselves as American Indian or Alaska Native. This was a 2.2 million increase from the census data in 1990. Census results for 2010 show 2.9 million respondents indicated their race as American Indian or Alaska Native. This accounts for 0.9 percent of the entire United States population. Those who have claimed both American Indian and Alaska Native ancestries totaled an additional 1.4 million. So, the next time you stumble upon the animated Pocahontas flashing across the television screen, sit back, relax, and enjoy the show, remembering her important historical contributions and those of all Native American Indians.

Enzyme May Unlock the Secrets of Memory

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Upon hearing the name Pocahontas, we often think of the Disney movie character who falls in love with the dreamy Captain John Smith as tension grows between the English settlers and the Native American tribe. Pocahontas must use her gentle spirit to restore peace among her people. Aside from her career on the big screen, Pocahontas figures in history books for her help in settling Jamestown and saving John Smith from his captors in the 17th century. These facts, however, often escape from our minds as we devour popcorn and soda while enjoying the fictionalized version of her life. In honor of her important work, as well as that of many others, November is recognized as National American Indian Heritage Month, a tradition started at the turn of the century. The efforts to gain recognition for Native American Indians began as an attempt to obtain a single day of dedication, which resulted in an entire month observed in their honor. The first proponent was Dr. Arthur C. Parker, a Seneca Indian, who persuaded the Boy Scouts of America to grant a day to recognize American Indians. After three years, the Congress of the American Indian Association adopted an American Indian Day. In 1915, President Sherman Coolidge formally proposed the second Saturday of May to be deemed American Indian Day. It was not until 1990, however, that President Bush approved

November as National American Indian History Month. United States history would not be complete without the contributions of several Native American Indians, including those of Sacajawea. Sacajawea served as the only woman guide on the Lewis and

Memory can be elusive. But some scientists have identified an enzyme that may boost recall of forgotten memories—or help people purge those they don’t want to retain. Scientists studying the enzyme PKM-zeta have found that by blocking it in the brains of rats, they could force rats to forget certain learned behaviors, such as avoiding a liquid that made them ill.

50plus SeniorNews •

A team of researchers from Israel and the United States did the reverse, injecting rodents with viruses that carried genes to stimulate production of PKM-zeta. The enzyme appeared to help the rats access behaviors that had passed from short-term to long-term memory. Adapting the treatment to humans suffering memory loss (or wanting to erase traumatic

memories) is a long way off, however. Until scientists can determine exactly where specific memories are stored in the brain, manipulating levels of PKM-zeta or any other enzyme could have unexpected results. As one scientist told the Science News website, “There’s a reason why the brain keeps memory under tight regulation.” www.50plusSeniorNewsPA.com


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Events • Nov. 6, 1860 – Abraham Lincoln was elected the 16th U.S. president and the first Republican. He received 180 of 303 possible electoral votes and 40 percent of the popular vote. • Nov. 8, 1895 – X-rays (electromagnetic rays) were discovered by Wilhelm Roentgen at the University of Wuerzburg in Germany.

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• Nov. 26, 1789 – The first American holiday occurred, proclaimed by President George Washington to be Thanksgiving Day, a day of prayer and public thanksgiving in gratitude for the successful establishment of the new American republic.

Birthdays • Nov. 2 – James K. Polk (1795-1849), the 11th U.S. president, was born in Mecklenburg County, N.C. He served from March 4, 1845, to March 3, 1849. He declined to be a candidate for a second term, saying he was “exceedingly relieved” at the completion of his presidency. • Nov. 19 – Baseball player Roy Campanella (1921-1993) was born in Philadelphia. He was one of the first African-American major-league players and was one of the Brooklyn Dodgers’ “Boys of Summer.” His career ended when an automobile accident left him paralyzed in 1958. He then became an inspirational spokesman for the paralyzed. • Nov. 29 – Little Women author Louisa May Alcott (1832-1888) was born in Philadelphia.

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November 2011

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Resource Directory This Resource Directory recognizes advertisers who have made an extended commitment to your health and well-being. Kearney A. Snyder Funeral Home (717) 394-4097

Appraisals Steinmetz Coins & Currency (717) 299-1211 (800) 334-3903

Health & Medical Services

Assisted Living/Personal Care Harrison Senior Living – Coatesville (610) 384-6310

American Cancer Society (717) 397-3744

Carpet & Upholstery Cleaning Dri-Masters Carpet Dry Cleaning (717) 299-1888 Dental Services Dental Associates (717) 394-9231 Smoketown Family Dentistry (717) 291-6035 Emergency Numbers Central PA Poison Center (800) 521-6110 Office of Aging (717) 299-7979/(800) 801-3070 Employment Lancaster County Office of Aging (717) 299-7979 Entertainment Dutch Apple Dinner Theatre (800) 638-6833

Alzheimer’s Association (717) 651-5020

American Diabetes Association (888) DIABETES American Heart Association (717) 393-0725 American Lung Association (717) 397-5203/(800) LungUSA American Red Cross (717) 299-5561

Hospice Providers Hospice of Lancaster County (717) 295-3900 Housing Eastwood Village Homes, LLC (717) 397-3138

The Long Community at Highland (855) 407-9240

CONTACT Helpline (717) 652-4400

Medicare Hotline (800) 638-6833

Medical Services Health Network Labs (717) 560-8891 Neurosurgery & Physiatry

Disease and Health Risk (888) 232-3228 Domestic Violence (800) 799-7233 Flu or Influenza (888) 232-3228

Planned Charitable Giving Lancaster County Community Foundation (717) 397-1629 Plumbing/Heating Neffsville Plumbing & Heating Services (717) 625-1000

Insurance

Neff’s Safe Lock & Security Inc. (717) 392-6333

Consumer Information (888) 878-3256

May•Grant Obstetrics & Gynecology (717) 397-8177

Independent Living

Locksmith

Arthritis Foundation (717) 397-6271

Physicians — OB/GYN

Lancaster NeuroScience & Spine Associates (717) 569-5331 (800) 628-2080

Real Estate Prudential Homesale Services Group Rochelle Welkowitz (717) 393-0100 Restaurants Symposium Mediterranean Restaurant (717) 391-7656 Retirement Communities Country Meadows of Lancaster (717) 392-4100 The Long Community (855) 407-9240 Luther Acres (717) 626-1171

Nursing Homes/Rehab Conestoga View Nursing & Rehabilitation (717) 299-7850

St. John’s Herr Estate (717) 684-0678

Home Care Services Financial Services Internal Revenue Service (717) 898-1900 Funeral Directors Groff Funeral Services (717) 397-8255 Richard H. Heisey Funeral Home (717) 626-2464 Charles F. Snyder Funeral Home & Crematory, Inc. (717) 393-9661/(717) 872-5041 (717) 627-8668

Harrison Senior Living – Christiana (610) 593-6901

Alliance Home Help (717) 283-1444 Central Penn Nursing Care, Inc. (717) 361-9777 (717) 569-0451 Sadie’s Angels (717) 917-1420

TLC Ladies (717) 228-8764

Orthotics & Prosthetics The Center for Advanced Orthotics & Prosthetics (717) 393-0511 Pharmacies

Visiting Angels (717) 393-3450

Senior Move Management

CVS/pharmacy www.cvs.com

Transition Solutions for Seniors Rochelle Welkowitz (717) 615-6507 Travel Passport Information (877) 487-2778

Home Improvement DreamMaker Bath & Kitchen (717) 367-9753 Not an all-inclusive list of advertisers in your area.

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November 2011

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Leave The Cookin’ Up To Us This Thanksgiving!

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By Pat Sinclair Because Thanksgiving is a holiday for family and sharing, few couples are alone on this national feast. We often share dinner with family and friends but miss having lots of leftover turkey. If you are lucky enough to have some leftover turkey, or cook a small turkey yourself, here’s an easy recipe for the day after that’s almost a complete meal. Just add a salad or serve with a green vegetable. Makes 2 servings 2/3 cup cornmeal 2 cups water 1/4 teaspoon coarse salt 2 teaspoons olive oil 1/2 cup chopped onion 1/4 cup chopped green pepper 2 cups cubed cooked turkey 1 cup corn kernels 1 can (8 ounces) tomato sauce 3/4 teaspoon chili powder 1/2 cup shredded cojack or cheddar cheese Heat the oven to 350 degrees F. Lightly spray a 1-quart casserole dish (9x5 inches) with nonstick cooking spray. Combine the cornmeal, water, and salt in a medium saucepan. Bring to a boil over medium-high heat, stirring constantly. Reduce the heat to low and simmer about 5 minutes, stirring constantly, until thick. Pour into the prepared dish. Heat the olive oil in a 10-inch skillet over medium heat. Add the onion and green pepper and cook until tender, stirring occasionally, about 4 minutes. Add the turkey, corn, tomato sauce, and chili powder and mix well. Season to taste with salt and pepper. Simmer 2 to 3 minutes or combine flavors. Pour over the cornmeal. Bake 20 minutes. Sprinkle with the shredded cheese and continue baking until heated through and the cheese is melted. Let stand 5 to 10 minutes before serving.

Cook’s Note: If you like this recipe, try some variations. Leftover turkey is perfect for this dish but you can use other meats. I’ve made it with 8 to 10 ounces of ground turkey that I cooked before adding the onion and pepper. When I purchase a roasted chicken, I make a second meal using chicken instead of turkey for this casserole. You can use either a small can of drained corn or 1 cup frozen corn kernels (thawed). Polenta is actually very similar to cooked cornmeal and can be used as a base, eliminating a step.

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Braintwisters 1. Legendary businessman and Hollywood producer Samuel Goldwyn was born with what name? A. Samuel Goldfish B. Schmuel Gelbfisz C. Frederick Austerlitz D. Herbert Ernst Karl Frahm 2. What famous tycoon bought the Desert Inn Hotel in Las Vegas after management attempted to evict him from his room? A. Ted Turner B. Howard Hughes C. Hugh Hefner D. Larry Flynt 3. What business celebrity began his illustrious career by collecting and selling lost golf balls? A. Rupert Murdoch B. Howard Hughes C. Warren Buffett D. Michael Dell 4. What celebrity was sued by a group of cattle producers in 1996 after discussing mad cow disease on television? A. Oprah Winfrey B. Rosie O’Donnell C. David Letterman D. Jay Leno 5. Which of the following celebrity entrepreneurs originally wanted to be a racecar driver? A. George Lucas B. Ross Perot C. Larry Ellison D. Alan Greenspan Source: www.usefultrivia.com

Pat Sinclair announced the publication of her second cookbook, Scandinavian Classic Baking (Pelican Publishing), in February 2011. This book has a color photo of every recipe. Her first cookbook, Baking Basics and Beyond (Surrey Books), won the 2007 Cordon d’Or from the Culinary Arts Academy. Contact her at http://PatCooksandBakes.blogspot.com

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This month’s answers on page 8

50plus SeniorNews •

November 2011

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Art and Antiques by Dr. Lori

Price Fixing Online Dr. Lori f I had a dime for every time I advised people not to use eBay or any online auction site as a method for finding out the value of a work of art or antique, I’d be able to help out with the debt crisis. I have told folks time and time again that you can’t use an eBay listing or posted online sales results to put a value on an object. Online fraud is widespread, and that’s why you can’t rely solely on an online auction website’s sales records to provide you with an accurate appraisal. Only an honest appraiser who can analyze the market data can provide you with that critical information. Recently, an online seller using the auction website eBay was prosecuted in the United Kingdom. He admitted that he used two separate eBay accounts to bid against himself on items that he had posted for sale. He bid on his own items to increase the price. This made the

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bidding soar and maintain that shill potential buyers bidding is a major think there was problem for users great interest in the of online auction object for sale. sites and some Also, he other antiquing and admitted that he collecting websites. posted positive Shill bidding is a feedback relating to big issue online. If these accounts to a person pretends positively impact that his/her his online products are worth reputation and more than they are satisfy future really worth, that is buyers that he was not on the up-anda good seller with up in the world of This Mickey Mouse radio may seem to whom to deal. commerce, generate a lot of interest at an online This type of particularly in the auction, but is that bid price really truthful fraud is not only world of eor just part of a shill-bidding scheme? reserved to online commerce. Also, auction sites, but it misrepresenting the has also become very commonplace in demand for an item by creating false the overall online sales arena. Experts bidders is beyond the boundaries of

acting in good faith. Shill is an early 20th-century word that relates to the underhanded process of presenting a decoy or informed accomplice who poses as an enthusiastic potential buyer in an effort to attract other buyers. This is only one type of trick that people use when buying and selling art, antiques, and collectibles in the online environment. Remember, you can’t use online auction sites as a source for evaluating your art, antiques, or collectibles. Get an appraisal. The next time you decide to shop or research online, remember to click with care. Ph.D. antiques appraiser, author, and awardwinning TV personality, Dr. Lori presents antique appraisal events nationwide and appears on the Fine Living Network and on TV’s Daytime. Visit www.DrLoriV.com or call (888) 431-1010.

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Braintwisters Untwist Your Brain!

1. B. Schmuel Gelbfisz 2. B. Howard Hughes 3. C. Warren Buffett 4. A. Oprah Winfrey 5. A. George Lucas Questions shown on page 7

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November 2011

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Preventive Measures

Just the Flax, M’am Wendell Fowler ince man stood upright, tiny but mighty flaxseeds, with their fibrous mojo and health-sustaining oil, have been a cultural keystone. Composer Claude Debussy even wrote a lovely melody comparing a women’s beautiful, flaxen hair to the shiny, brown seed. The omega-3 essential fatty acid (EFA) oil and cleansing dietary fiber are indispensible for upholding health and a happy colon. Friends often come for dinner, and once I received a hilarious “thank you” courtesy call the next day. “Wendell, dinner was awesome, but I’m pretty sure some things came out of me this morning I ate when I was 6.” I enlightened him that the flaxseed I sprinkled on everything was “RotoRootering” his backed-up colon. Both plant and seed have been used for centuries to weave fibers for clothing and housing. Ancient Egyptians carried flaxseed in their medical bags. During the eighth century, King Charlemagne passed laws requiring the consumption of flaxseed. Linen made from flaxseeds composed Christ’s swaddling infant clothes and were used to make the Shroud of Turin. EFA omega-3 deficiency is associated with chronic diarrhea, Crohn’s or IBS, ADD, irritability or nervousness, dry mouth, throat, skin that dries or cracks behind the ears, emphysema, asthma, chronic lung disease, chronic joint pain or arthritis, kidney, bladder or prostate problems, and infertility, impotence, or a history of repeated miscarriages. Fibrous flaxseed contains significant amounts of omega-3 and naturally occurring plant estrogens called lignans, which prevent bone loss, reduce the risk of colon cancer and estrogen-related breast cancer, and diminish symptoms of menopause. Omega-3 balances production of prostaglandins, which help regulate blood pressure, blood clotting, nerve transmission, allergic responses, kidneys and gastrointestinal tract

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functions, and the production of hormones. This miracle of nature helps prevent heart disease, improves mental function, and cools inflammation related to asthma, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, migraine headaches, and osteoporosis. Inflammation, by the way, accelerates aging and causes about 70 percent of today’s diseases, whereas omega-3 soothes inflammation, decreasing disease risk. Smell what I’m cookin’? Because Americans adore dead, processed foods, they eat way too much “6” and too little “3.” A diet high in omega-6 causes destructive internal inflammation, especially if the diet lacks magnesium and B vitamins. These overly used fats are used in many bodily functions, but less is more. The greatest source of the overabundance of omega-6 fats in the American diet comes from popular cooking oils like sunflower, safflower, corn, cottonseed, walnut, and soybean oil, which are all high in omega6 fatty acid. I repeat: Less is more. Omega-3 naturally occurs in coldwater fish, walnuts, and green, leafy vegetables. DHA—brain food—also comes from fish oil, salmon, herring, anchovies, sardines, chicken, and eggs. Check with your doctor first, but my formula for success is to ingest 2 tablespoons of ground flaxseeds with 2,000 IUs fish oil daily, in addition to a handful of plain walnuts. Try flaxseed over your morning fruit and cereal. Refrigerate ground flaxseed in a tightly sealed container and then grind a small handful before serving. Please note the need to grind the fibrous seed in a coffee grinder in small batches and then sprinkle them on everything you eat. Once ground, the seeds quickly lose their nutritious properties; store whole seeds in the refrigerator. At home, my wife and I put it on everything; even the dogs are set-your-

clock regular. The mere gravity of getting out of your morning bed will arouse a truly moving experience even before the chilly, white car seat has a chance to warm up.

Wendell Fowler is a retired chef turned motivational speaker and the author of Eat Right, Now! and Earth Suit Maintenance Manual. Contact him at chefwendellfowler@gmail.com.

Celebrate Those Strongly Tied Knots!

Are you or is someone you know commemorating a special anniversary this year? Let 50plus Senior News help spread your news—for free! We welcome your anniversary announcements and photos. Anniversaries may be marking any number of years 15 and over. (Fields marked with an * are required.) *Anniversary (No. of years) _________________________________________ *Contact name __________________________________________________ E-mail ________________________ *Daytime phone ___________________ *Husband’s full name _____________________________________________ Occupation (If retired, list former job and No. of years held)___________________ _____________________________________________________________ *Wife’s full maiden name __________________________________________ Occupation (If retired, list former job and No. of years held)___________________ _____________________________________________________________ *Couple’s current city and state __________________________________________ *Marriage date_____________ Location ______________________________ Children (name and city/state for each)_________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ Number of grandchildren________ Number of great-grandchildren___________ Photos must be at least 4x6'' and/or 300 dpi if submitted digitally. Completed information and photo can be emailed to mjoyce@onlinepub.com or mailed to:

Anniversary Announcements 50plus Senior News 3912 Abel Drive, Columbia, PA 17512 Please include a self-addressed, stamped envelope if you would like your photo returned.

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November 2011

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Salute to a Veteran

He Witnessed the Explosion of 7 Atomic Bombs Robert D. Wilcox ow did Joe Glass, who now lives in Millersville, come to have seven atomic bombs exploded in front of him? Because he had volunteered for a top-secret mission, with no idea how close he was to come to America’s ultimate weapon. When he graduated from Millersville State Teacher’s College (now Millersville University) in 1953 with a BS in education, Glass was prepared to begin a career as an educator. But the Draft Board thought otherwise, and he was promptly drafted into the Army. During basic training at Aberdeen Proving Grounds, Md., the recruits were given an unusual test. As a result of that test, Glass was one of 20 men who were asked to volunteer for “an assignment in special weapons” at Sandia Base, N.M., which was the principal nuclear weapons installation of the U.S. Department of Defense.

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65 miles northwest of The 20 men were Las Vegas. It was first sent to the signal considered ideal for the school at Fort purpose of testing Monmouth, N.J., for many different effects electronics training, that resulted from and while there they atomic bomb each got a top-secret explosions. clearance after close Why was that screening by the FBI. needed? Because we That training really knew very little completed, they were about the effects of the shipped to Sandia Base, bombs that brought where they were WWII to an end. Prior assigned to the 64th Ordnance Battalion. to dropping the bomb Their assignment there called “Little Boy” on was primarily to learn Hiroshima on Aug. 6, Pvt. Joseph W. Glass in 1953, how to attach atomic 1945, the U.S. had at home on a three-day pass. warheads to guided performed only one missiles. test of an atomic In January 1945, Glass was assigned device. That was called “the Gadget,” and to the Nevada Test Site, which was a it was detonated at Trinity Site near large swath of unpopulated desert land Alamogordo, N.M., on July 6, 1945.

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Mounted on a 100-foot tower, it exploded with a force of 18 kilotons of TNT. So we knew an atomic bomb would work. But why did we need an atomic bomb at all? Because it was considered to be the only way to get Japan to surrender. For six months prior to dropping “Little Boy,” the U.S. had intensely firebombed 67 Japanese cities. The Tokyo raid of March 9-10, for example, is considered to be one of the most destructive bombing raids in history. Two hundred and seventy-nine B-29s dropped 1,700 tons of incendiary bombs, destroying 16 square miles of the city and killing some 100,000 people. Yet Japan refused to surrender. So “Little Boy” and “Fat Man” were dropped, ending that horrendous war in the Pacific. Realizing that we needed to know more about the military effects of atomic

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weapons, in August 1954 President “With it would come all the debris the Eisenhower authorized “Operation enormous blast kicked up. Then you had Teapot,” a series of 14 shots at the to turn around to protect yourself against Nevada Test Site to test a broad variety of the debris as it came sucked back by the fission devices. It was said the vacuum the blast had created.” tremendous explosion from the first shot What did he do when he wasn’t created a flash that could be seen in San watching those tests? “Well, with my topFrancisco. secret clearance,” Glass says, “one of my Glass served at the test site from main duties was to deliver top classified January until June documents to the various 1945. So, he was there parts of the 1,300for all 14 of the test square-mile proving blasts … and was ground.” actually available to His evenings, however, witness seven of them, generally were free, and including one drop he and his buddies made from a B-36 bomber. many trips to nearby Las One more of the test Vegas. Did he come blasts was home an impoverished underground, but the man? other 12 were surface “No,” he grins, “we devices mounted in mostly went to see Nat towers 100 to 175 feet King Cole, Frank tall. Each blast of the Sinatra, and all the other Glass’s souvenir picture of the surface devices would stars perform. My buddy first test of an atomic weapon vaporize the tower and and I did work out a with a composite U-233/plutonium core. turn the sand below it system for roulette. to “trinitite,” a Unknown to us, our substance much like glass. system had a big hole in it, but it still Some of the blasts were stronger than worked for us the one time we used it, the bomb that leveled Hiroshima. Glass and we made a bundle.” vividly remembers shot “Apple-2,” for Glass was separated from the Army in which a small town of buildings of July 1955 and returned to Lancaster to differing construction types were faced in teach at Hempfield High School. He got various directions to test how they could his master’s degree from Penn State and withstand a nuclear blast. In another test, in 1961 joined Millersville University, a Marine armored task force moved to where he taught in the geography within 900 meters of ground zero, under department for many years. He got his the still-forming mushroom cloud. doctorate degree in 1971 and retired How close to the explosion of these from Millersville University in 1990. devices did the witnesses stand? “I’m not He still has, however, strong sure,” Glass says, “but, in the bunker, you remembrances of the days he worked at wore special glasses to protect your eyes, the Nevada Test Site … and he treasures and you could feel the great heat from the piece of trinitite he has to prove it. the moment the blast went off. Then some seconds later, the sound caught up, Colonel Wilcox flew a B-17 bomber in Europe in WWII. and you could hear a huge ‘boom.’

6,530 American Flags to Be Displayed A memorial to each soldier who has died in combat since 9/11, the “Massing of the Colors” will be on display from Friday, Nov. 4, through Monday, Nov. 14, in the Masonic Village at Elizabethtown’s Veterans Grove. The public is invited to walk through and view the flag display at their leisure. Special events include: Friday, Nov. 4, 1:30 p.m. – Opening service to dedicate the flag display at the Veterans Grove Friday, Nov. 11, 10 to 11 a.m. – Veterans Day Program in the Freemasons www.50plusSeniorNewsPA.com

Cultural Center’s Brossman Ballroom, featuring the Navy Club Band of Lancaster County – Ship No. 166; Elizabethtown Mayor Chuck Mummert; speaker Col. Donna N. Hershey, U.S. Army Reserves, commander of the 307th Medical Brigade, based in Blacklick, Ohio; and other special features Monday, Nov. 14, 10 a.m. – Closing ceremonies for the flag display at the Veterans Grove For directions to Masonic Village, please visit www.masonicvillagespa.org or call (717) 367-1121.

50plus SeniorNews •

November 2011

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Smile of the Month This month’s smile belongs to Olyvia, 9, of Long Island, N.Y. She is the granddaughter of Anne Hulser of Lancaster.

Send us your favorite smile—your children, grandchildren, friends, even your “smiling” pet!—and it could be 50plus Senior News’ next Smile of the Month! You can submit your photos (with captions) either digitally to mjoyce@onlinepub.com or by mail to:

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Savvy Senior

New Flu Vaccine Provides Better Protection

By Myles Mellor and Sally York

Jim Miller Dear Savvy Senior, I’ve read that there is a new extrastrength flu vaccine being offered to seniors this year.What can you tell me about it, where can I find it, and does Medicare cover it? – Flu-Conscious Connie Dear Connie, The new extra-strength flu vaccination you’re inquiring about is called the Fluzone High-Dose, and it’s designed specifically for seniors, age 65 years and older. Here’s what you should know. Fluzone High-Dose Manufactured by Sanofi Pasteur Inc., the Fluzone High-Dose vaccine was approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration in December 2009 and was first made available last flu season on a limited basis. The main difference between the Fluzone High-Dose and a regular flu shot is its potency. The high-dose vaccine contains four times the amount of antigen (the part of the vaccine that prompts the body to make antibody) as a regular flu shot does, which creates a stronger immune response for better protection. This extra protection is particularly helpful to seniors who have weaker immune defenses and have a great risk of developing dangerous flu complications. The CDC estimates that the flu puts more than 200,000 people in the hospital each year and kills around 24,000—95 percent of whom are seniors. As with all flu vaccines, Fluzone HighDose is not recommended for seniors who are allergic to chicken eggs or those who have had a severe reaction to a flu vaccine in the past. To locate a vaccination site that offers the Fluzone High-Dose, ask your doctor or pharmacist or check the online flushot locator (www.flu.gov) for clinics or stores offering flu shots. Then, contact some in your area to see whether they have the high-dose vaccine. CVS, Walgreens, Safeway, Kmart, Rite Aid, and Kroger are among some of the www.50plusSeniorNewsPA.com

chains offering the high-dose shot. You’ll also be happy to know that if you’re a Medicare beneficiary, Part B will cover 100 percent of the cost of your high-dose vaccination. But if you’re not covered, the cost is around $50 to $60— that’s about double of what you’d pay for a regular flu shot. Pneumovax Another important vaccination the CDC recommends to seniors—especially this time of year—is the pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine for pneumonia and meningitis (the vaccine is called Pneumovax 23). Pneumonia causes more than 40,000 deaths in the U.S. each year, many of which could be prevented by this vaccine. If you’re over age 65 and haven’t already gotten this one-time-only shot, you should get it now before flu season hits. Pneumovax 23 is also covered under Medicare Part B, and you can get it on the same day you get your flu shot. If you’re not covered by insurance, this vaccine costs around $75 to $85 at retail clinics. This vaccine is also recommended to adults under age 65 if they smoke or have certain chronic conditions like asthma, heart disease, lung disease, kidney disease, diabetes, or sickle cell disease; have had their spleen removed; or have a weakened immune system due to cancer, HIV, or an organ transplant. Savvy Tips: In addition to getting vaccinated, the CDC reminds everyone that the three best ways to stay healthy during flu season are to wash your hands frequently with soap and water, cover your mouth and nose when you cough or sneeze, and stay home if you’re sick. For more information on the recommended vaccines for older adults, check the vaccine page on the CDC’s website (www.cdc.gov/vaccines). Jim Miller is a regular contributor to the NBC Today show and author of The Savvy Senior Book. www.savvysenior.org.

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The Green Mountain Gardener

Cranberries for Thanksgiving Dr. Leonard Perry urkey without cranberry sauce? For most Americans, that’s as unthinkable as Thanksgiving without turkey! In fact, even the Pilgrims enjoyed this versatile, perennial fruit with their first Thanksgiving meal. The cranberry was a staple in the diet of Native Americans, who called it the “bitter berry.� They introduced this food to the early settlers and taught them how to make “pemmican� by pounding the cranberries together with dried meat and fat. The settlers also made meat sauces with cranberries and mixed them with maple sap to make a sweet breakfast syrup. The cranberry is a Native American wetland plant that is grown in open bogs and marshes from Newfoundland to western Ontario and as far south as Virginia and Arkansas. Although stems (actually they are vines) are rather sensitive to cold, they’ll withstand such

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submersion well. The vine-like plant grows from 6 inches to 2 feet long and has small, evergreen leaves and pinkish flowers. The berries are harvested in October, just in time for Thanksgiving. Massachusetts is the leading producer (with about half of the total U.S. crop), followed by Wisconsin and New Jersey. Production of cranberries requires a large amount of water—the equivalent of about 200 inches of rainfall a year for irrigation, frost protection, harvest, pest control, and winter protection. About 90 percent of the cranberries are wet harvested. Bogs are flooded just prior to harvest and then a floating

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harvester moves through the bog to separate the berries from the vine. The hollow fruit rises to the surface, where it is collected and corralled in a section of the bog. The fruit is moved from the bog to the waiting trucks by elevator and then taken away for processing. Fruit that is harvested by this method is processed into juice, sauce, and other cranberry products. The rest of the crop is dry harvested with a picking machine, which resembles a large lawnmower. Although this method is less efficient, growers receive a higher price for dry-harvested fruit. These cranberries usually are packaged and sold as fresh, whole berries in

Dr. Leonard P. Perry is an extension professor at the University of Vermont.

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grocery stores. Berries can be stored in their original container in the refrigerator for up to a week or washed and frozen in a freezer container for later use. They do not need to be thawed before using them in a recipe. In addition to the traditional jelly or sauce, cranberries can be used for pies, muffins, quick breads, puddings, and sherbets. Cranberry juice, both regular and sugar-free, has become a popular drink in recent years, especially in combination with other juices. If you want to try growing some at home, you’ll need a cool, moist soil with plenty of organic matter, such as peat moss. Grown in full sun, cranberries will make an attractive and low-maintenance evergreen groundcover less than 1 foot high and 2 to 3 feet wide.

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November 2011

17


My Pictures of Our Wars

em “In Flanders Fields” As a child I learned the po erans that wars yield, And had that picture of vet diers who gave their lives, With rows of graves of sol ildren and wives. Leaving at home many ch g and brave, th pictures of soldiers stron wi m Na et Vi d an rea Ko Then came ay grave. but were buried in a faraw Who did not come home to see, e me more vivid pictures We then had TV that gav ed very near to me. en pp shooting ha te Sta nt Ke the of e tur And the pic ds far away, very strange battles in lan th wi r wa nt rre cu r ou r day, Fo of soldiers sent there every es tur pic ing ak bre art he I now see other, families torn one from an I see too many pictures of many a father and ly a son, but a daughter, For now they send not on even a mother.

Silent Guns The guns became silent tha t November day. The long war had ended for which folks did pray. But many a doughboy jus t didn’t survive. Yet others served nobly an d came home alive. The war to end all wars wa s over and so, Would peace last forever? They wanted to know. It’s tragic but that peace did n’t last very long. There’s conflict all over, see ms something is wrong. There’s many have served well and many have died To try to accomplish real peace they have tried. We honor the brave ones for they have served well. There’s a longing for real peace wherever men dwell . May there a day come wh en wars will be past, The guns become silent, a peace that will last. By Hubert L. Stern

By Erla Stump

WAR Terrible, Costly Killing, Shooting, Destroying, Conflict, Struggle, Love, Happiness, Cooperating, Understanding, Agreeing, Tranquil, Secure PEACE This diamante poem was written as a group effort of the Messiah Village Poetry Society.

The Veterans , Wheelchairs aligned in a long front row hair. Old men, wrinkled faces, and thin gray slow; All quietly waiting, while time passes . care who ple Pushed into place by peo

Veterans Day T’was more than sixty years ago When the whole world was aflame, That our country called for help And millions there were that came!

, Behind them sit others alert and well ; past -ago Reminded now of a long spell, Thinking of buddies they knew for a ed. Reflecting on all the time that has pass ker arose. The room became still when the spea great call; a He told of a time when there came its foes, The country sought help to fight off their all. From youths who were willing to risk Out of so many, a fraction survive; their price. The days and the years now claiming e. aliv are Of the millions who served, few ! ifice The country remembers their great sacr By John McGrath

Brave soldiers fought in Africa, And some in the faraway East. Many did their bit in Europe; They were fighting the Nazi beast.

Veterans Day Poetry

At last the war was over And back to their homes they came, To families and their loved ones, To a life that now seemed tame. Not as fast as wartime shells, Time still takes its deadly toll. Few there are to raise their hand When today we call the roll. By John McGrath

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Eat the Right Stuff for a Long Life The foods you eat can make a big difference to your heart’s health and your overall longevity. Fortunately, that doesn’t mean you can’t eat anything tasty or fun. Keep your heart in good shape by choosing these foods the next time you’re hungry: Salmon. Fish like salmon, shrimp, tuna, and sardines are rich in protein and omega-3 fatty acids, which help blood flow. (Be careful of mercury levels of tuna, though, especially for pregnant or breastfeeding women and small children.) Oatmeal. Full of fiber and potassium (as well as omega-3), coarse or steel-cut oats (not instant) can reduce levels of LDL cholesterol and help keep arteries clear. Add a banana for some extra fiber. Nuts and berries. You may feel like you’re foraging in the wilderness, but

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Ground Broken on PVRC Healthcare Center

Members of the PVRC board of directors were joined by local dignitaries, project architect RLPS, Wohlsen Construction, Fulton Bank, contributors, residents, and staff.

Want to have a fun and informative day out? Then get ready to renew, revitalize, reinvent, and rediscover at this 15th-annual event!

The board of directors of Pleasant View Retirement Community recently broke ground to build its $14.8 million Healthcare Center. More than 200 people attended the event held under a tent at the front of the planned construction area. The Healthcare Center will provide groups of 16 to 18 residents living in a household setting with private bedrooms or private bedrooms with a shared bath. In addition, there will be private consultation space for physicians and families and computerized medical records for easy and secure access. The project is expected to be completed late in 2012.

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Lancaster County

Calendar of Events Lancaster County Department of Parks and Recreation

Senior Center Activities

Pre-registration is required for these programs. All activities are held at the Environmental Center in Central Park unless otherwise noted. To register or to find out more about these activities or any additional scheduled activities, call (717) 295-2055 or visit www.lancastercountyparks.org.

Cocalico Senior Association – (717) 336-7489 Nov. 9, 8:15 a.m. – Hot Breakfast Nov. 10, 10 a.m. – Veterans Program Music Nov. 16, 6 p.m. – Bingo at Ephrata Rec. Center

Nov. 6, 2 to 3:30 p.m. – “The Story of the PA Barn: Its Origin, Evolution, and Location” Nov. 19, 10 to 11 a.m., 1 to 2 p.m. – “Owls of Lancaster County” Nov. 23, 6:30 to 8 p.m. – “Owl Prowl”

Library Programs Lancaster Public Library, 125 N. Duke St., Lancaster, (717) 394-2651 Lancaster Public Library Leola Branch, 46 Hillcrest Ave., Leola, (717) 656-7920 Lancaster Public Library Mountville Branch, 2 College Ave., Mountville, (717) 285-3231 Lititz Public Library, 651 Kissel Hill Road, Lititz, (717) 626-2255 Nov. 10, 7 p.m. – Lancaster Civil War Roundtable: “The Gettysburg Address Photographs” Nov. 11, 4 p.m. – “The Life of Jackie Robinson” with Daughter and Author Sharon Robinson Nov. 29, 7 p.m. – Village Art Association: Pastel Painting Manheim Community Library, 15 E. High St., Manheim, (717) 665-6700 Manheim Township Public Library, 595 Granite Run Drive, Lancaster, (717) 560-6441 Milanof-Schock Library, 1184 Anderson Ferry Road, Mount Joy, (717) 653-1510 Moores Memorial Library, 326 N. Bridge St., Christiana, (610) 593-6683

Quarryville Library, 357 Buck Road, P.O. Box 678, Quarryville, (717) 786-1336

Nov. 1, 7 to 8:30 p.m. Coping with the Loss of a Parent PATHways Center for Grief & Loss 4075 Old Harrisburg Pike, Mount Joy (717) 391-2413 Nov. 3, 1 to 3 p.m. Free Driver Safety Checks: Vision and Range of Motion Garden Spot Village 433 S. Kinzer Ave., New Holland (717) 355-6243 ct2350@rehabcare.com Nov. 5, 8 a.m. to 2 p.m. Christmas at Salem Annual Bazaar Salem United Church of Christ of Rohrerstown 2312 Marietta Ave., Lancaster (717) 397-0141 Nov. 8, 9 a.m. to 2:30 p.m. Lancaster County 50plus EXPO Lancaster Host Resort 2300 Lincoln Highway East, Lancaster (717) 285-1350 www.50plusExpoPA.com Nov. 8, 9:30 a.m. to 3 p.m. A Caregivers Forum Lancaster Host Resort 2300 Lincoln Highway East, Lancaster (717) 285-8120 www.onlinepub.com/caregiversforum

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November 2011

Free and open to the public

Nov. 13, 9 a.m. to 3 p.m. Pennsylvania Music Expo Continental Inn 2285 Lincoln Highway East, Lancaster (717) 898-1246 www.recordcollectors.org

Nov. 18, 6 to 9 p.m. Music Fridays 200 and 300 Blocks of North Queen Street 24 W. Walnut St., Lancaster (717) 341-0028

Nov. 13, 3 p.m. Organist Stefan Engels in Concert Grace Lutheran Church 517 N. Queen St., Lancaster (717) 397-2748

Nov. 22, 7 to 8:30 p.m. Coping with the Loss of a Child PATHways Center for Grief & Loss 4075 Old Harrisburg Pike, Mount Joy (717) 391-2413

Nov. 14, 10 to 11 a.m. Alzheimer’s Caregivers Support Group Garden Spot Village – Concord Room 433 S. Kinzer Ave., New Holland (717) 355-6010 jmorton@gardenspotvillage.org

Nov. 23, 6 to 8 p.m. Epilepsy Foundation of Eastern Pennsylvania Support Group Lancaster General Hospital Stager Room 5 555 N. Duke St., Lancaster (800) 887-7165, ext. 104

Nov. 15, 7 to 8:30 p.m. Coping With the Loss of a Companion or Spouse PATHways Center for Grief & Loss 4075 Old Harrisburg Pike, Mount Joy (717) 391-2413 Nov. 17, noon Brain Tumor Support Group Lancaster General Health Campus Wellness Center 2100 Harrisburg Pike, Lancaster (717) 626-2894

50plus SeniorNews •

Elizabethtown Senior Center – (717) 367-7984 Nov. 1, 11 a.m. – Dementia Seminar Nov. 11 and 12 – Bazaar Nov. 21, 10:30 a.m. – Music with Dan Martin Lancaster House North – (717) 299-1278 Thursdays, noon to 3 p.m. – Happy Hearts Club Pinochle Lancaster Neighborhood Senior Center – (717) 299-3943 Tuesdays, 10:20 a.m. – Exercise with Lucy Fridays, 9 a.m. – Blood Pressure Checks Nov. 10, 9:30 a.m. – Program on Antibiotic Awareness Lancaster Rec. Center – (717) 392-2115, ext. 147 Fridays, 12:30 to 3 p.m. – Happy Hearts Club Bridge

Pequea Valley Public Library, 31 Center St., Intercourse, (717) 768-3160

Programs and Support Groups

Columbia Senior Center – (717) 684-4850 Nov. 14, 10:15 a.m. – Skin Cancer Program Nov. 18, 10 a.m. – Identity Theft Program Nov. 30 – Christmas Mystery Trip

Nov. 28, 2 to 3 p.m. Parkinson’s Support Group Garden Spot Village – Concord Room 433 S. Kinzer Ave., New Holland (717) 355-6259 jshaffer@gardenspotvillage.org

If you have an event you would like to include, please email information to mjoyce@onlinepub.com for consideration.

Lititz Senior Center – (717) 626-2800 Nov. 9, 10 a.m. – Thanksgiving Craft Nov. 10, 10 a.m. – Special Program: “Flight 93 – Choosing to Act” Nov. 17, 10:30 a.m. – Music for Dancing LRC Senior Center – (717) 399-7671 Nov. 1, 9 a.m. – “The Different Drummer” Program Nov. 18, 9 a.m. – Penn State Nutrition Program Nov. 29, 9 a.m. – “The Mysteries of Happiness” Program Luis Munoz Marin Senior Center – (717) 295-7989 Thursdays, 10:30 a.m. – Arts & Crafts Nov. 1, 9 a.m. – Flu Shots by Appointment Nov. 23, 10 a.m. – Thanksgiving Celebration Millersville Senior Center – (717) 871-9600 Nov. 4, 10 a.m. – Blood Pressure Checks Nov. 9, 10 a.m. – ’50s and ’60s Music with Glen’s One-Man Band Nov. 23, 10 a.m. – Penn State Nutrition Program Next Gen Senior Center – (717) 786-4770 Tuesdays, 9:15 a.m. – Fun Fitness with YWCA Thursdays, 10:30 a.m. – Zumba Gold with Rae Nov. 7, 10:30 a.m. – Peanut Butter Lovers Nutrition Program Rodney Park Center – (717) 393-7786 Tuesdays, 1 to 3 p.m. – Happy Hearts Club Pinochle and Bingo Just a snippet of what you may be missing … please call or visit their website for more information.

www.50plusSeniorNewsPA.com


Older But Not Wiser

The Secret Sy Rosen e men do it in the dark of on overdrive. A little voice inside of night or in the earlyme is saying, “Danger, danger.” I ask why she would want to stop morning hours when most and she replies, “I’m afraid my face is of the city sleeps. It is something we do not discuss with the outside world. just too old for brown hair. Doesn’t it make me look like I’m trying too hard We have made a silent pact with our to be young?” loved ones to keep this act of And there, of course, is the intimacy a secret. I’m talking about helping our wives landmine, right below my feet. A question that is reminiscent of, and dye their hair, of course. just as dangerous as, “Does this dress We are there for the back part of make me look fat?” the hair, the part she can’t reach. The I tell her she’s being ridiculous. part where the gray roots sprout out “Look at all those actresses like, uh, like a neon sign saying, “I’m back! Michelle Did you miss me?” Pfeiffer, Sandra The first step is Bullock, and putting on the Meg Ryan. I’m thin, plastic gloves. We have made a sure they all dye I feel like a their hair and surgeon, except silent pact with they all look my gloves are our loved ones great.” drastically to keep this act “Yeah, but undersized. These I’m not as are not “manly” of intimacy a young as them,” gloves and, secret. my wife although the box responds. advertises “one size “You look fits all,” they must younger and have been referring prettier,” I answer. And I really do to parakeets. mean it. My wife smiles and I go on As I begin applying the dye, my to say, “And I’m sure Marisa Tomei wife gives many instructions. I think dyes her hair.” this is her way of getting back at me Unfortunately, I linger on the for all the backseat driving I have name Marisa Tomei a split second too done through the years. Or maybe it long, and my wife notices. is because I’ve given her too many “You have a crush on that actress instructions on how to properly load Marisa Tomei.” a dishwasher (I actually typed them “I do not,” I answer. However, a out). little drop of sweat starts to drip She tells me to part her hair every inch and get to the roots. “Too wide,” down my forehead. “Yes you do,” she insists, with an she says. “You’re missing spots,” she edge in her voice. complains. “Don’t waste it,” she yells. And partly inspired by truth and I want to say, “There’s no way to partly by fear, I come up with this waste it. Wherever I put the dye, it’s reply: “Yes, I have a little crush on hitting gray.” However, I decide her, but only because she reminds me discretion is the better part of staying of you.” alive. My wife again smiles and I am safe. We finally get into a rhythm, and I finish dyeing her hair, and later that my wife seems somewhat content. I am lulled into a false sense of security morning she comes downstairs and asks me how I think it turned out. when she makes the seemingly I try for a little joke. “You look innocuous comment that maybe she beautiful, Marisa.” She punches me, should stop dyeing her hair. I’m not but not too hard. sure why, but suddenly my senses are

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23


My 22 Cents’ Worth

Romancing the Pirates No More Walt Sonneville lesson could be learned about cultural oscillations when considering our past and current perceptions of pirates—the pirates who steal loot from seagoing vessels, not the leeches who illegally reproduce copyrighted songs, books, movies, art, and software. The pendulum of public opinion has swung a full stroke in the past two centuries regarding seagoing pirates. Until the early 1800s, Barbary pirates (so named after the Latin word for “foreign”) were the bane of European and American shipping vessels. These pirates plied their trade in Mediterranean waters off North African countries that today are Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, and Libya. The problem was ended by the British and American navies as well as the capture in Algiers (1830) of the last pirate base by the French.

A

In the Caribbean, and along the coasts of Virginia and the Carolinas, pirates in the early 1700s, including the famed English pirate Blackbeard, captured seagoing booty and raided coastal towns. American culture later adopted a romantic view of pirates, perhaps beginning in 1891 when the professional baseball team, the Pittsburgh Alleghenies, changed their name to the Pittsburgh Pirates. They did so after being accused of “pirating” a key player from the Philadelphia Athletics. The notion of pirates as entertaining characters continued with Robert Louis

Stevenson’s Treasure Island, the comic strip Terry and the Pirates, and the Fox Broadcasting Network’s series called Peter Pan and the Pirates. We were drawn to the mystique of swashbucklers, buccaneers, buried treasure, and peg-legged fellows with an eye patch and a parrot on their shoulder, sailing under the flag of the “Jolly Roger” (skull and crossbones). Such images helped launch more than 300 movie titles that included the word pirates from 1900 to 2010. Now nations are faced with a new era of high-seas piracy, almost all of which is

based in the approximately 1,900 miles of Somalia’s coastline. The Piracy Reporting Center of the International Maritime Bureau reports that from 1991 through 2010, some 445 ships have been commandeered by pirates, not for their cargo but for ransom of crew members. This is the same period of time in which Somalia has had no central government. Public perception no longer views pirates as appealing rascals. They are violent kidnappers who threaten the sea lanes of international commerce. The public-opinion pendulum regarding other institutions is also moving. During America’s war of national independence, most American colonists—but not all—were contemptuous of the British monarchy (President John Adams estimated onethird of Americans were crown loyalists). Today the monarchy appears to be viewed with a higher level of affection in

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America than in Great Britain. The Republican Party, reviled during the Great Depression of the 1930s for its free-market permissiveness, came roaring back in the 2010 congressional elections with similar economic views. American-built cars, enjoying dominant market support prior to and immediately after World War II, fell in disrepute beginning in the 1980s but enjoyed growing consumer acceptance in 2010. Railroads were indispensable transportation modes before Henry Ford’s mass-produced, gas-powered vehicles. Passenger service on the

railroads after World War II deteriorated badly as the rail companies seemed to purposely annoy passengers in order to concentrate on freight haulage. Now that other nations have shown what can be achieved with high-speed rail, and as our airports become overcrowded with flights, some political leaders are advocating up to 17,000 miles of track capable of train speeds reaching speeds of 220 miles per hour. Walt Sonneville is a retired market-research analyst. He enjoys writing and reading nonpartisan opinion essays. Contact him at waltsonneville@earthlink.net.

Crossword shown on page 15

Brisk Walks Improve Memory Exercise is good for everyone, but recent research indicates it has special benefits for older people. In a study funded by the National Institute on Aging, 120 people ages 55 to 80 were divided into two groups, with half instructed to walk for 40 minutes a day three times a week. The other half did exercises to stretch and tone their muscles After six months, and then one year, the scientists measured the size of

participants’ hippocampus, a section of the brain that tends to shrink with age. In the walking group, the volume of the hippocampus had increased by 2 percent at the end of the year, while in the other group the hippocampus had decreased by 1.5 percent. So whatever your age, remember that taking a brisk walk can keep you healthy throughout your life in many different ways.

Famous last words: 1. Are you sure the power is off? 2. Don’t unplug it; it will just take a moment to fix. 3. Don’t worry; it’s not loaded. 4. He’s probably just hibernating. 5. I can make this light before it changes. 6. I wonder where the mother bear is. 7. I’ll hold it, and you light the fuse. 8. It doesn’t look like the bridge is out.

Each month, 50plus Senior News profiles one of your friends or neighbors on its cover, and many of our best cover-profile suggestions have come from you, our readers! Do you or does someone you know have an interesting hobby or collection? A special passion or inspirational experience? A history of dedicated volunteer work? If so, tell us, and we’ll consider your suggestion for a future cover story! Just fill out the questionnaire below and return it to 50plus Senior News, 3912 Abel Drive, Columbia, PA 17512, or email your responses to Megan Joyce, editor, at mjoyce@onlinepub.com. Your name:___________________________ Your address:_________________________________________________________________________ Your phone number/email address: ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Name of person nominated (if not you): _______________________________________________________________________________________ Please receive their permission to nominate them. Nominee’s age range: 50–59

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November 2011

25


SALE

from page 1

the books, and the librarians were always so very nice and helpful, even to us kids,” she recalled. It was in Italy that she met her husband, a Manheim native, and came to Central Pennsylvania to pursue her accounting degree. She first began volunteering at the Lancaster Public Library’s Duke Street branch in 1983 and soon cultivated her skill for sorting, researching, and selling books for the library via the Internet. Fast forward 28 years, and Ditzler’s system for maximizing profits from used book sales is changing the way libraries across the country approach this common fundraiser. Lancaster Public Library often receives generous donations of used books from all over the local community, and each spring, about 250,000 of these used books, videos, and CDs are organized into 39 categories (mystery, children’s, non-fiction, etc.) and spread out over 320 tables at Franklin & Marshall College’s Alumni Sports and Fitness Center. But long before the merchandise hits those tables, Ditzler and her brigade of dedicated and trained volunteers have spent countless hours sorting and pricing those donated books—and a lot of that

time is spent doing research. “It’s all about finding that volunteer “We do some research for those books something they love to do,” she said. that could be very valuable,” Ditzler As for the book sale itself, Ditzler’s explained. “We’ve sold some books on methods ensure that the merchandise is the Internet for neatly sorted into over $1,000, and if categories that are we hadn’t easily identifiable researched them, by large, colored we wouldn’t have signs—a seemingly known and put obvious feature that them in the sale many libraries for $5 or $10.” hadn’t thought to Another vital implement. Just aspect to LPL’s like a clearance rack book-sale success is in a clothing store, Ditzler’s strategy of people will shop getting volunteers more successfully doing a task they when items are enjoy and at which organized, they excel. Some accessible, and volunteers just clearly priced. handle CDs and “We just built videos. Some delve Visitors perused the considerable selection [the system] over during a recent book sale at the Marshall into Internet the years, asking, Street Book Shoppe in Lancaster. research. Others ‘Hey, why don’t we prefer handling try this?’” Ditzler sets of encyclopedias or children’s books. said. “When we fill and stack boxes to go Whatever their niche, all are thoroughly to the sale, we have categories and put trained to ensure they are efficient and up a little tally sheet … that way you can accurate contributors to Ditzler’s wellset up your sale and you know what you run sorting machine. have. Many libraries didn’t even do that;

they just piled them and went to set up the sale and asked, ‘OK, how much room do we need for mystery?’ They didn’t know.” Ditzler was also instrumental in starting LPL’s two used bookstores: one in the second floor of the library on Duke Street and the other in a rented warehouse on Marshall Street in Lancaster, which also doubles as a storage facility where they work with the donated books—dozens upon dozens of huge boxes, stacked and brimming with books of all sizes and subjects. It’s here that Ditzler and the volunteers sift through the masses of volumes, eliminating those that are obsolete or those in poor physical condition and organizing the rest into smaller boxes neatly labeled by book topic or type. “These bookstores are open all year round, so people don’t have to wait for our book sales and they know they’re supporting the library—all the proceeds go to the library,” said Ditzler. “Our money goes directly to the library’s general fund and pays salaries, buys books, and keeps their doors open because library funding has been terribly cut.”

About Our Company 50plus Senior News is a monthly newspaper serving the interests of the 50+ community in Chester, Cumberland, Dauphin, Lancaster, Lebanon, and York counties. On-Line Publishers, Inc., the parent company, is based in Columbia, Pa. Additionally, the company publishes the 50plus Resource Directory, the “50+ yellow pages,” and 50plus LIVING, a guide to residences and care options in the Susquehanna and Delaware valleys. On-Line Publishers, Inc. presents events for the 50+ community. Six 50plus EXPOs are hosted annually for the communities of Chester, Cumberland, Dauphin, Lancaster (two) and York counties. Each EXPO provides citizens an opportunity to research and talk with experts in a variety of fields in one location. On-Line Publishers produces b magazine, Central Pennsylvania’s premier publication for baby boomers. b magazine reflects on the past, recalling the proactive and history-changing decades of the 1960s and ’70s; it also examines where baby boomers are today and identifies the issues they face now—all with a mind toward representing the mid-state’s own boomer community. The company also conducts the PA STATE SENIOR IDOL competition each spring. This is a chance for those over 50 to come to a regional audition site to sing, dance, or perform any kind of talent at which they excel. Fifteen semifinalists are then chosen by a panel of local celebrity judges, and those semifinalists vie for the title of PA STATE SENIOR IDOL during the finals competition, held in June at a popular venue. On-Line Publishers, Inc. was started in 1995. Our staff is dedicated to serving the mind, heart, and spirit of the community. For more information, contact our corporate office at (717) 285-1350 or visit www.onlinepub.com. ( ((

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Ditzler said they’re now working on their third million dollars, having generated about $2.8 million over the years. The book sale started in 1954 with revenue of $150; last year, they made almost $200,000. Her exploratory approach has positively affected local teachers as well. Ditzler investigated and then contacted Books for Teachers, a national foundation that gives money to book sales in the form of vouchers to be used by teachers for the purchase of books for their classrooms. Ditzler submitted the Lancaster School District for consideration and the district was granted $3,000 the first year. District teachers then received a letter that said the library would give $75 in free books for the first 45 teachers that signed up. One hundred sixty-nine teachers responded. “I mean, $75 doesn’t sound like a lot, but in our sale it goes far,” Ditzler said. “We just could not believe the response.” Ditzler has always mentored other area libraries, sharing her procedures for running a book sale, and has taken her know-how on the road, too, conducting PowerPoint presentations at several state and national library conventions across the country. There, Ditzler covers everything from the criteria to look for in choosing a sale venue to how to train sorters and utilize signage effectively. A small library in Arizona, whose book sales had been struggling, employed Ditzler’s strategies last year and generated $80,000. “We share information because when one library wins, everybody does,” she said. “We’re not in competition with each other. We want to make the most of those books that get donated to those libraries.”

And this fall, Ditzler will also become a published author with the release of her book, A Book Sale How-to Guide: More Money, Less Stress, by Ditzler and her sister, JoAnn Dumas. Published by the American Library Association, the book documents Ditzler’s methods so that even a small-scale library can model her book-sale savvy. A Book Sale How-To Guide covers everything from marketing the sale and dealing with customers to keys to sorting books and recommendations for handling the money, with forms for deposits and other financial tasks, also developed by Ditzler. And to those who argue that libraries will soon be obsolete in this increasingly paperless world of handheld, digital book readers, Ditzler is quick to assert the public library’s many other helpful community resources. “I think [the library] levels the playing field because it’s free,” she said. “We give them access, no matter what their economic condition.” Access to books, to computers, and, in Lancaster’s case, to the Duke Street Business Center and the Autism Resource Center, not to mention the various youth and adult services available. “The downtown Duke Street library gets about 1,200 people every single day. It is a busy, community-center place,” Ditzler said. “They have just about something for everybody—and it’s free. You can’t be a democracy without libraries.” For more information or hours of operation for the Marshall Street Book Shoppe, call (717) 295-1950; for the Juliana Bookstore (second floor of Duke Street library), call (717) 239-2123; and visit www.lancaster.lib.pa.us.

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November 2011

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Caring for a parent or loved one, especially someone with Alzheimer’s disease or dementia, can be one of the most challenging tasks you’ll ever undertake. As the disease progresses, patients slip deeper and deeper into a mental fog, but they can continue living at home for a long time if they have someone to manage things for them. Here’s some advice for maintaining your loved one’s comfort—and your own sanity—for as long as possible:

folding a few pieces of laundry, cleaning a corner of the kitchen, and so forth. Patients who see activity but aren’t allowed to join in grow depressed and lethargic.

Structure your days. A reliable routine is comforting to someone with Alzheimer’s and helps you keep life organized. Do the same activities at the same time—getting up, eating meals, etc.—to keep the day moving along.

Use simple language. Don’t treat the person like a child when talking, but use short words and sentences that are easy to understand and follow. A long, complicated request can be difficult for someone with an impaired memory to fully grasp.

Keep activities simple. Limit the patient’s choices—give a man two neckties to choose from instead of standing him in front of a closet filled with dozens. Give instructions one step at a time so the person doesn’t become confused or forget part of the task. Involve the person. Let your loved one help in setting the table for meals,

Minimize distractions. Keeping the TV on while you’re talking can overload an Alzheimer’s patient with more stimulation than he or she can handle. Try to keep the environment quiet and calm so focusing is easier.

Be patient and flexible. Taking care of someone with Alzheimer’s can be frustrating. Concentrate on staying calm and changing plans when necessary. If a task is beyond the person, give him or her something else to do instead of insisting that it be done “right.” Both of you need to adapt to changing circumstances.

“Once in a blue moon” Two full moons in the same month are extremely rare, though they do happen. A second full moon has come to be called a blue moon because the Maine Farmers Almanac used to list the date of the first moon in red text and the second moon in blue. www.50plusSeniorNewsPA.com


New Success in Hunt for Causes of Alzheimerâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Efforts to diagnose and treat Alzheimerâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s disease early have been hampered by lack of a definitive test that enables doctors to distinguish the condition from other forms of dementia. But two different teams of researchers are making progress on blood tests that may change that. At the University of California â&#x20AC;&#x201C; San Diego, scientists following a group of elderly patients measured levels of betaamyloid in the volunteersâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; blood over a nine-year period. Beta-amyloid is a protein that builds up in the brains of Alzheimerâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s patients; lower levels in the blood suggest that the protein has been deposited in the brain, where it interferes with the normal function of nerve cells. The scientists found that participants with the lowest levels of beta-amyloid

had lost cognitive function at almost twice the rate of those with higher amounts, indicating that beta-amyloid levels may be a sign of risk for oncoming dementia. Meanwhile, at Scripps Research Institute in Jupiter, Fla., scientists have had some success in using synthetic moleculesâ&#x20AC;&#x201D; peptidesâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;to find antibodies produced by the bodyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s immune system to fight disease. In a small pilot study, Scripps researchers were able to identify peptoidantibody pairs in the blood of six Alzheimerâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s patients, pairs that werenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t present in patients without dementia. The result suggests that doctors may be able to use peptides to diagnose Alzheimerâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s. Both studies will require more testing, but the results so far seem promising.

National Alzheimerâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Disease Awareness Month

Art Exhibit Winners Announced The Lancaster County Office of Aging is pleased to announce the winners in the 18th Annual Senior Art Exhibit. The artworks were displayed at The Lancaster General Hospital Suburban Outpatient Pavilion from Oct. 5 to 7. Local art professionals judged the exhibit, which consisted of works in oil, acrylic, photography, pastel, watercolor, and mixed media. The winners are:

Second place â&#x20AC;&#x201C; Mary Alice Gerfin, Monument Valley, Utah Third place â&#x20AC;&#x201C; Donald Frey, Mabry Mill

Oil First place â&#x20AC;&#x201C; Beverly Felter, Two Pairs Second place â&#x20AC;&#x201C; Lauretta Towner, Picture of Old #1 Third place â&#x20AC;&#x201C; Pat Gorman, Danielle

Pastel First place â&#x20AC;&#x201C; Joan Dellinger, Old Lady Second place â&#x20AC;&#x201C; Joseph McIntyre, Roses in Antique Vase

Acrylic First place â&#x20AC;&#x201C; Betty Coyle, Country Home at Womelsdorf, Pa. Second place â&#x20AC;&#x201C; Larry Hostetter, Three Waterfalls Third place â&#x20AC;&#x201C; Gladys Berkey, Finches in the Flowers Photography First place â&#x20AC;&#x201C; William Lau, Rustic Red www.50plusSeniorNewsPA.com

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Time is a Priceless Gift Do you know a 50+ volunteer who gives selflessly to others? Tell us what makes him or her so special and we will consider them for 50plus Senior Newsâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;

Volunteer Spotlight! Submissions should be 200 words or fewer and photos are encouraged. Email preferred to mjoyce@onlinepub.com or mail nominations to 50plus Senior News, Volunteer Spotlight, 3912 Abel Drive, Columbia, PA 17512.

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Watercolor First place â&#x20AC;&#x201C; John Kimmich, Harvest Time Second place â&#x20AC;&#x201C; Ralph B. McComsey Jr., Mohawk Indians Third place â&#x20AC;&#x201C; Jo Hannigan, Breezy Monday

Mixed Media First place â&#x20AC;&#x201C; John Thackrah, Amish Buggy Second place â&#x20AC;&#x201C; M. Walter Baum, Pandoraâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Antiques Third place â&#x20AC;&#x201C; BettyAnn Jones, A Stream Ran Through It

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The Search for Our Ancestry

Records from the United Kingdom Angelo Coniglio have discussed methods of obtaining genealogical records or help from various online sources. While those methods are generally applicable for any place of origin, some places have more complete online records than others. This month, I’ll begin my review with the source of the ancestors of the greatest number of Americans, the United Kingdom. The good news is that because of its long history of civilization and its associated record-keeping, there are loads of sources, many well indexed, for civil and church records from the U.K. The bad news is that, while information on the availability of sources may be found online, many of the actual records must be ordered and purchased in hard copy. The free Mormon site FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org) may be used as you would for many other locations, by searching the catalog for the place name

I

in the U.K. to obtain a list of civil and church records for that place. These may indicate microfilms or microfiches that can be rented from the Mormon Family History Library in Salt Lake City, Utah, to obtain photocopies of the records at a nominal price. Valuable records may be found in this way; however, the searches may be tedious and the results, though valuable, may be spotty. Similarly, at the Mormon website, you can “browse by location” for “Europe” and then “England” to find a list of church records, census records, and so on. These may be searched by an ancestor’s name and will usually display transcribed details without an actual image of the document. England and Wales are combined in many databases, while Scotland and Ireland are treated separately. In England and Wales, Scotland, and Ireland, the General Register Office (GRO) is the

government agency responsible for civil registration—the recording of vital records such as births, marriages, and deaths (BMD). The director of a GRO is the registrar general. For England and Wales, indexes of births, deaths, and marriages for 1837 through 2005 are available online, under a special free arrangement with Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.ca/search/rectype/vit al/freebmd/bmd.aspx). When you begin your search, you’ll be prompted to register for a free account for this purpose only. One hundred thirty-four million GRO U.K. birth-record indexes for England and Wales dating from 1837 to 2005 are fully searchable by name, registration date, and district. Every name in the GRO birth indexes is individually searchable; however, the indexes do not give details such as birth dates, parents’ names, etc.

Job Opportunities LANCASTER COUNTY EMPLOYERS NEED YOU!! Age 55 or over? Unemployed? The 55+ Job Bank is one of three services offered by Employment Unit at the Office of Aging. Jobs are matched with those looking for work. Based on an evaluation of your skills and abilities, we can match you with a position needed by a local employer. Some employers are specifically looking for older workers because of the reliability and experience they bring to the workplace. There is a mix of full-time and part-time jobs covering all shifts, requiring varying levels of skill and experience, and offering a wide range of salaries. The other services available through the Office of Aging are the Senior Community Service Employment Program (SCSEP) and the regularly scheduled Job Search Workshops.

For more job listings, call the Lancaster County Office of Aging

at (717) 299-7979 or visit www.co.lancaster.pa.us/lanco_aging

Lancaster County Office of Aging 150 N. Queen Street, Suite 415 Lancaster, PA 30

November 2011

50plus SeniorNews •

Instead, they give the three-month period of a given year in which the birth was recorded, the name of the registration district, and the volume and page number of the actual birth record, which then must be ordered from the GRO. Marriage and death indexes are presented similarly to the birth indexes for the same date ranges. This Ancestry.com page also offers links explaining how to search the indexes. For 1837-1915, actual images of BMD indexes are shown. For 1916-2005, information is presented in a transcription, with no image of the original. You need the information found in the index to request a copy of a birth, marriage, or death certificate for the individual referenced. Once the name, date, volume, and page number for your ancestor’s record are known, go to the certificate ordering page (https://www.gro.gov.uk/gro/

E.O.E.

BUILDING/TEACHER ASSISTANTS – PT Local school district seeking confident, outgoing, reliable persons to assist teachers in classrooms and monitor doors, playgrounds, cafeteria, etc. Hours vary between 8:30 a.m. and 2 p.m. Complete the NCLB exam and pass background check. SN09087B.01

MERCHANDISE ASSOCIATE – PT Retail store needs persons to assist in their daily operations, including merchandise handling, cashiering, customer service, housekeeping, and other duties. Must have good verbal skills, a professional appearance, and ability to work a flexible schedule.

VIEW OUR JOB LIST We list other jobs on the Web at www.co.lancaster.pa.us/lanco_agi ng. To learn more about applying for the 55+ Job Bank and these jobs, call the Employment Unit at (717) 299-7979. SN-GEN.03

FLOOR CARE ATTENDANT – PT Suburban retirement community is looking for specialist to handle floor maintenance throughout facility, including trash removal. Prefer someone experienced in use of small and large types of floorcare equipment. Hours are 4–11:30 p.m. SN10014N.04

SN10030B.02 Do you belong to a service organization, civic group, or place of worship that is looking for a one-time volunteer opportunity? Are coworkers or administration at your workplace interested in volunteering in your community? If you answered yes to either of these questions, please mention Lancaster County Office of Aging as an option for fulfilling those goals while helping to meet the needs of older people in the community. The fall season and the holidays provide many opportunities for one-time episodes of volunteering. Frequent requests for volunteer assistance often include outside work like raking leaves, tidying flowerbeds, and washing windows. Throughout the agency’s holiday program, help is needed to pack food boxes and deliver boxes and gifts. Group volunteer opportunities like these can be lots of fun for volunteers while providing valuable assistance to agency consumers. If you’d like more information, please contact Bev Via, volunteer coordinator, at (717) 299-7979.

www.50plusSeniorNewsPA.com


content/certificates/default.asp) to order the certificate from the GRO. The cost of the certificate, shipped, is between 9.25 and 23.40 English pounds (approximately $15 to $38) each, depending on the desired speed of delivery. For England and Wales, church records (baptisms, marriages, burials) and census records can be found on findmypast (http://www.findmypast.co.uk), a paid site where images of the actual documents can be accessed by subscribers.

England and Wales censuses are also available to paid subscribers of Ancestry.com. U.K. censuses are available every 10 years, from 1841 through 1911, and are searchable by name or can be browsed by town and enumeration district. They generally give name, gender, age, occupation, and birthplace. Next: more on England and Wales. Angelo Coniglio encourages readers to contact him by writing to 438 Maynard Drive, Amherst, NY 14226; by email at Genealogytips@aol.com; or by visiting www.conigliofamily.com/ConiglioGenealogy Tips.htm.

Social Security News

Military Service and Social Security

Harrisburg’s Oldies Channel! • Breakfast with Ben Barber and News with Dennis Edwards • John Tesh with Music and Intelligence for Your Workday • Bruce Collier & The Drive Home • Mike Huckabee Three Times Daily

By Sherra Zavitsanos Each year, on Nov. 11, America observes Veterans Day and honors the men and women who have served in our nation’s Armed Forces. Many of our Vietnam-era veterans are now nearing retirement age or are already there. It is important that they—and other American service personnel—know just what retirement benefits they can count on from Social Security as they make their financial plans. Like most of the civilian workforce, all current military personnel pay Social Security taxes and earn Social Security coverage. Earnings for active-duty military service or active-duty training have been covered under Social Security since 1957. Also, earnings for inactiveduty service in the reserves (such as weekend drills) have had Social Security coverage since 1988. In addition to regular military pay, Social Security adds special earnings credits to an individual’s Social Security record when he or she serves in the military. The extra earnings are for periods of active duty or active-duty training. If, for example, a person served in the military between 1957 and 1977, he or she has been credited with $300 in additional earnings for each calendar quarter in which active-duty basic pay was earned. These extra earnings may help someone qualify for Social Security or increase the amount of the Social Security benefit. The number of credits an individual needs to qualify for Social Security www.50plusSeniorNewsPA.com

depends on his or her age and the type of benefit. Any future Social Security benefit payment depends on a person’s earnings, averaged over a working lifetime. Generally, the higher a person’s earnings, the higher his or her Social Security benefit will be. And remember that Social Security is more than retirement. If a worker becomes disabled before reaching retirement age, he or she may be eligible for Social Security disability benefits. A disabled worker’s spouse and dependent children also may be eligible for benefits. If a worker dies, the widow or widower and dependent children may be eligible for Social Security survivors benefits. If you, or someone you know, were wounded while on active duty in the military, find out more about what Social Security can do by visiting our website designed specifically for wounded warriors: www.socialsecurity. gov/woundedwarriors. There, you will find answers to a number of commonly asked questions, as well as other useful information about disability benefits and Supplemental Security Income (SSI). Veterans and others who are within 10 years of retirement age should begin planning for retirement. A good place to start is with Social Security’s Retirement Estimator at www.socialsecurity.gov/ estimator. For more information, you can read our fact sheet, Military Service and Social Security, which is available on our website at www.socialsecurity.gov/ pubs/10017.html. Sherra Zavitsanos is the Social Security public affairs specialist in Harrisburg.

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Check out the interactive online edition of your beyond50 at www.onlinepub.com (717) 285-1350 • (717) 770-0140 • (610) 675-6240

50plus SeniorNews •

November 2011

31


The Beauty in Nature

Small, Wintering Cropland Birds Clyde McMillan-Gamber

locks of American crows, Canada geese, rock pigeons, mourning doves, and starlings are obvious on Lancaster Countyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s fields in winter. But six kinds of small, camouflaged birds, adapted to open country, winter in local cropland too, but not conspicuously. Those species are: horned larks, snow buntings, and Lapland longspurs, on fields that are bare or harvested to the ground, and water pipits, Wilsonâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s snipe, and killdeer plovers along shallow brooks coursing through that farmland. Only wintering horned larks are abundant in local agricultural environments that offer little protection from cold winds and predators. And all those species are

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November 2011

Killdeer plover

Snow bunting

invisible, until they move across the ground or fly. The extensive, seemingly barren fields these birds winter on are patchworks of brown soil and green vegetation under a big, uninterrupted sky. But occasionally the fields are covered by snow. And as the snow drifts with the wind or melts, farmland is an ever-changing

50plus SeniorNews â&#x20AC;˘

Lapland longspur

quilt of brown, green, and white. Wintering horned larks, snow buntings, and Lapland longspurs are sparrow-sized birds that eat weed and grass seeds, bits of corn, and tiny stones in the fields. If snow buries those foods and grit, the birds get them from fields swept clear of snow by wind and along roadsides scraped by snow plows. They also consume

chewed, but undigested, bits of corn in manure spread over the snow. Horned larks are permanent residents on local fields. In winter, they form flocks of scores or hundreds; each bird is brown with a black-and-yellow face pattern that makes it distinctive. The larks are visible when they bound low over the fields in flight, seeking fresh feeding places. A few each of snow buntings and Lapland longspurs, down from the Arctic tundra for the winter, are in many lark gatherings for safety in numbers in their open habitat. But some winters, pure groups of snow buntings are seen. Buntings in winter are brown and white, like the fields they winter on. The longspurs

www.50plusSeniorNewsPA.com


are brown and streaked, like sparrows. Water pipits from the tundra, snipe, and killdeer forage for active, aquatic invertebrates along running farmland brooks that stay unfrozen. These birds reduce competition for

food among themselves by seeking different-sized insects, worms, and snails in a variety of niches along those small waterways. Pipits eat tiny critters from the edges of the water. Killdeer grab larger invertebrates from the surfaces of the muddy or

stony shores and the top of the water. And snipe poke their long beaks into mud under shallow water to pull out food. These interesting and attractive birds wintering in local cropland are usually overlooked because of their

small sizes and camouflage. But they are spotted when flying or walking over the fields. Clyde McMillan-Gamber is a Lancaster County Parks naturalist.

Book Review

How Warm It Was & How Far By Dr. Robert O. Kan ow Warm It Was & How Far chronicles the life of Dr. Robert O. Kan, a survivor of the Nazi regime throughout the Holocaust. Coming from a Jewish family, Kan provides perspective into the turmoil many families faced during World War II. The memoir tells of an unbelievable childhood, as the young Jewish boy narrowly escapes concentration camps and the horrifying fate of his father and sister. Assisted by the Dutch Underground, Kan returns to a life that

H

War II and the resiliency of one young boy thrust into a world of war.

is anything but normal— shuffling between foster homes, losing his leg in an accident, and realizing the nature of his sexual orientation. Determined to escape a harrowing childhood, Kan travels to America, where he pursues his education and the telling of his story. How Warm It Was & How Far provides insight into the turmoil of World

About the Author Dr. Robert O. Kan, a retired orthopedic surgeon, was born in the Netherlands, five years before the breakout of World War II. As a child survivor of the Nazi regime, Kan traveled to America, where he

finished his undergraduate degree in chemistry at Western Reserve University. After obtaining a Ph.D. in chemistry, he became an assistant professor at Kent State University, where he wrote his first book, Organic Photochemistry. Years later, he obtained his Doctorate of Medicine and entered into orthopedic private practice in Baltimore, Md., for 25 years. Kan enjoys classical music and has built several harpsichords. He also enjoys traveling and is the father of two grown children.

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The 50plus EXPO offers relevant information about lifestyle and wellness options, travel, finances, home renovations, leisure, and more. a Caregivers Forum provides essential support and guidance for people whose lives are continually changing and the ones who care for them.

Where community comes together. On-Line Publishers, Inc. • 3912 Abel Drive • Columbia, PA 17512 • (717) 285-1350 • (610) 675-6240 • www.onlinepub.com

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November 2011

33


Little-Known Facts

Wrong Idea to Start a Hit Chaz Allen

E

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November 2011

breath. Haas decided to do something a package that looked like a cigarette about it. He invented a little lighter. That helped a bit and he started peppermint pill and started selling it to selling a few more pills. smokers. He called it Pfefferminz! But it wasn’t enough and he knew As with most things, Haas’s little pill that. And what he found out was that didn’t catch on people were buying right away. As a the little pills matter of fact, it because of the Haas decided that wasn’t selling very snappy container, smokers might be well at all. Maybe it not because they more prone to buy was just because were trying to get about darned near rid of smoker’s his little pill if he everyone smoked breath. put it in an unusual and they all had Now what? After smoker’s breath, or all, he couldn’t just container. maybe it was sell the container! because nobody But inspiration and cared. a bit of research did the trick. If it was So Haas came up with another idea. the container and not the pill, he’d He decided that smokers might be more come up with a different pill. He prone to buy his little pill if he put it in changed the pill to some snappy fruit an unusual container. He came up with flavors and started selling it as candy.

50plus SeniorNews •

d Haas was really bothered by one thing. I guess you could say that he was bothered by a number of things, but one thing really set him off, and that was smoker’s breath. If you know someone who smokes cigarettes, or something stronger, like a pipe or cigar, you know what I’m talking about. And it really bothered Haas, especially when his wife smoked. This was a few years ago, back when smoking was, well, en vogue. During World War II, even the government issued cigarettes to the troops for relaxation and enjoyment. But this was before we knew just how much harm cigarettes did to the human body. For better or for worse, more than 70 percent of the adult population smoked cigarettes at one time. And with that habit came smoker’s

Kids all over the world went crazy for the little flavorful candy in the snappy container. He did one more thing to make sure it caught kids’ attention. He put a very familiar face on the container. And, of course, he changed the name. It became one of the biggest-selling candies in the world, and even today, it sells more than $1 billion in product a year. It’s a Little-Known Fact that the smoker’s breath mint Pfefferminz failed to catch on, but the candy sure did. When Haas put Mickey Mouse’s head on the top of his container, which was shaped like a cigarette lighter, and took the first, middle, and last letter of the product name to coin the word PEZ, he created a hit! Visit the Little-Known Facts website at www.littleknownfactsshow.com

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50plus SeniorNews â&#x20AC;˘

November 2011

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Lancaster County 50plus Senior News Nov. 2011  

50plus Senior News, published monthly, is offered to provide individuals 50 and over in the Susquehanna and Delaware Valley areas with timel...

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