Chester County Edition
Vol. 10 No. 3
Unearthing History’s Underground Mysteries Local Archaeologist’s Work Benefits from Senior Volunteers By Lori Van Ingen Indiana Jones, eat your heart out. Central Pennsylvania native Steve Warfel has made his share of amazing archaeological finds, too. One of Warfel’s finds was a cobble with a face pecked on it that dates back to 2050 to 1770 B.C. He found it just off the shore of Piney Island, below the Holtwood Dam. It was found under water near a habitation layer with charred remains in a hearth, he said. The cobble is now on display at the State Museum of Pennsylvania. Another extraordinary discovery was a glass trumpet at Ephrata Cloister. Dating to the period around A.D. 1730, the German religious communal society, which was devoted to separating itself from the outside world, probably found the trumpet to be too ostentatious and it was disposed of in a trash pit, Warfel said. Warfel’s love of archaeology began when he stumbled across anthropology while attending Franklin & Marshall College as a pre-med major. When Warfel heard that the State Museum of Pennsylvania’s archaeologist needed extra helpers with his dig, he decided to get involved. “I didn’t know what I was getting into, but I had a little coursework under my belt,” he said. please see UNEARTHING page 15 Archaeologist Steve Warfel in front of Dill’s Tavern in Dillsburg, where he conducted an investigation for the Northern York County Historical and Preservation Society in summer 2011.
There’s More to Maui Than Surf page 8
Common Sleep Disorders page 13
The premier events for baby boomers, caregivers, and seniors!
April 25, 2013 9 a.m. – 2 p.m. Overlook Activities Center
Overlook Park • 2040 Lititz Pike Lancaster
May 28, 2013 9 a.m. – 2 p.m. Hershey Lodge 10th Annual
West Chocolate Avenue & University Drive, Hershey
June 6, 2013 9 a.m. – 2 p.m. Church Farm School 11th Annual
1001 East Lincoln Highway Exton
Sept. 18, 2013
How to Divvy Up Your Stuff Jim Miller Dear Savvy Senior, What’s the best, conflict-free way to divvy up my personal possessions to my kids after I’m gone? I have a lot of jewelry, art, family heirlooms, and antique furniture, and five grown kids that don’t always see eye to eye on things. Any suggestions would be appreciated. – Seeking Peace
Deciding who should get what without showing favoritism, hurting someone’s feelings, or causing a feud can be difficult, even for close-knit families who enter the process with the best of intentions. Here are some tips to consider that can help you divide your stuff with minimal conflict.
Dear Seeking, Divvying up personal possessions among adult children or other loved ones is a task that many parents dread.
Problem Areas For starters, you need to be aware that it’s usually the small, simple items of little monetary value that cause the most
Free Tax Assistance Offered Through April 15 of each year, the AARP Tax-Aide program offers free oneon-one counseling as well as assistance on the telephone and Internet to help individuals prepare basic tax forms, including the 1040, 1040A, 1040EZ, and other standard documents. The following are locations in your area. Please call for an appointment or visit www.aarp.org/money/taxaide for more information.
9 a.m. – 2 p.m. York Expo Center
Coatesville Senior Center 22 N. Fifth Ave., Coatesville Tuesdays and Thursdays, 8:30 a.m. to 3 p.m. (610) 383-6900
Memorial Hall East 334 Carlisle Avenue York
Oct. 24, 2013
Downingtown Senior Center 983 E. Lancaster Ave., Downingtown Tuesdays through Thursdays, 9:15 a.m. to 3 p.m. (610) 269-3939
9 a.m. – 2 p.m. Carlisle Expo Center 17th Annual
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Spooky Nook Sports 2913 Spooky Nook Road Manheim (Just off Rt. 283 at the Salunga exit)
717.285.1350 717.770.0140 610.675.6240
Easttown Township Library 720 First Ave., Berwyn Mondays and Tuesdays, 10 a.m. to 2:30 p.m. (610) 644-0138
Henrietta Hankin Branch Library 215 Windgate Drive, Chester Springs Fridays, 9:30 a.m. to 4 p.m. Saturdays, 9:30 a.m. to 3:30 p.m. (610) 321-1710
Kennett Area Senior Center 427 Walnut St., Kennett Square Tuesdays and Fridays, 9 a.m. to 3 p.m. (610) 444-4819 Oxford Neighborhood Services 35 N. Third St., Oxford Tuesdays, 9 a.m. to 3 p.m. (610) 932-8557 Oxford Senior Center 12 E. Locust St., Oxford Fridays, 9 a.m. to 3 p.m. (610) 932-5244 Paoli Library 18 Darby Road, Paoli Mondays, 9:30 a.m. to 3 p.m. First Mondays of every month, 11 a.m. to 3 p.m. (610) 296-7996 Phoenixville Senior Center 153 Church St., Phoenixville Mondays through Thursdays, 9 a.m. to 2 p.m. (610) 935-1515 Surrey Services for Seniors 28 Bridge Ave., Berwyn Fridays, 9 a.m. to 3 p.m. (610) 647-6404 West Chester Area Senior Center 530 E. Union St., West Chester Mondays through Fridays, 8:30 a.m. to 4 p.m. (610) 431-4242 www.50plusSeniorNewsPA.com
conflicts. This is because the value we attach to the small, personal possessions is usually sentimental or emotional, and because the simple items are the things that most families fail to talk about. Family battles can also escalate over whether things are being divided fairly by monetary value. So for items of higher value like your jewelry, antiques, and art, consider getting an appraisal to assure fair distribution. To locate an appraiser, visit the American Society of Appraisers (www.appraisers.org). Ways to Divvy The best solution for passing along your personal possessions is for you to go through your house with your kids (or other heirs) either separately or all at once. Open up cabinets, drawers, and closets, and go through boxes in the attic to find out which items they would like to inherit and why. They may have some emotional attachment to something
you’re not aware of. If more than one child wants the same thing, you will have the ultimate say. Then you need to sit down and make a list of who gets what on paper, which will be signed, dated, and referenced in your will. You can revise it anytime you want. You may also want to consider writing an additional letter or creating an audio tape, CD, or DVD that further explains your intentions. You can also specify a strategy for divvying up the rest of your property. Some fair and reasonable options include:
Resource Directory Cemeteries Valley Forge Memorial Gardens & Mausoleum 325 Baltimore Pike, Glen Mills 352 S. Gulph Road, King of Prussia (610) 265-1660 Dental Services Family Cosmetic and Implant Dentistry 1646 West Chester Pike, Suite 1,West Chester (610) 692-8454 Disasters American Red Cross Greater Brandywine (610) 692-1200 Chester County Emergency Services (610) 344-5000 Salvation Army Coatesville (610) 384-2954 Salvation Army West Chester (610) 696-8746 Emergency Numbers Central PA Poison Center (800) 521-6110 Office of Aging (610) 344-6350/(800) 692-1100 Financial Services Internal Revenue Service (800) 829-3676
Take turns choosing: Use a roundrobin process where family members take turns picking out items they would like to have. If who goes first becomes an issue, they can always flip a coin or draw straws. Also, to help simplify things, break down the dividing process room by room, versus tackling the entire house.
eDivvyup.com, a website for families and estate executors that provides a fair and easy way to distribute personal property. For more ideas, see “Who Gets Grandma’s Yellow Pie Plate?” (www.yellowpieplate.umn.edu), which is a resource created by the University of Minnesota Extension Service. For a fee, the service offers a detailed workbook, interactive CD, or DVD that gives pointers to help families discuss property distribution and lists important factors to keep in mind that can help avoid conflict. You can order a copy online or by calling (800) 876-8636. It’s also very important that you discuss your plans in advance with your kids so they can know what to expect. Or, you may even want to start distributing some of your items now, while you are still alive.
Have a family auction: Give each person involved the same amount of “play money,” or use “virtual points” to bid on the items they want. This can also be done online at
Jim Miller is a regular contributor to the NBC Today show and author of The Savvy Senior Book. www.savvysenior.org.
This Resource Directory recognizes advertisers who have made an extended commitment to your health and well-being.
Funeral & Cremation Services D’Anjolell Memorial Homes & Crematory 392 Lancaster Ave., Frazer (610) 356-4200
Senior Healthlink (610) 431-1852
Health & Medical Services Advanced Hearing Aid Audiology Locations in Exton, Honeybrook, Kennett Square, Malvern, Pottstown, and West Grove (610) 781-9001
Southeastern PA Medical Institute (610) 446-0662
Alzheimer’s Association (800) 272-3900
Office of Aging
Social Security Administration (800) 772-1213
Housing Eastwood Village Homes, LLC 102 Summers Drive, Lancaster (717) 397-3138 Housing Assistance
Chester County Department of Aging Services (610) 344-6350 Pharmacies CVS/pharmacy www.cvs.com Physicians Gateway Medical Associates Locations in Coatesville, Downingtown, Lionville, and West Chester (610) 423-8181
American Cancer Society (800) 227-2345
Community Impact Legal Services (610) 380-7111
American Heart Association (610) 940-9540
Housing Authority of Chester County (610) 436-9200
Coatesville (610) 383-6900
Arthritis Foundation (215) 665-9200
Housing Authority of Phoenixville (610) 933-8801
Downingtown (610) 269-3939
Center for Disease Control Prevention (888) 232-3228 Coatesville VA Medical Center (610) 383-7711 Domestic Violence (800) 799-7233
Legal Services Lawyer Referral Service (610) 429-1500 Legal Aid of Southeastern PA (610) 436-4510 Nutrition
National Osteoporosis Foundation (800) 223-9994
Meals on Wheels Chester County Inc. (610) 430-8500
PACE (800) 225-7223
Pennsylvania Hunger Action Center (800) 366-3997
Great Valley (610) 647-1311 Kennett Square (610) 444-4819 Oxford (610) 932-5244 Phoenixville (610) 935-1515 Wayne (610) 688-6246 West Chester (610) 431-4242
Not an all-inclusive list of advertisers in your area.
My 22 Cents’ Worth
When Weekdays Were Dedicated
Corporate Office: 3912 Abel Drive, Columbia, PA 17512 Phone 717.285.1350 • Fax 717.285.1360 Chester County: 610.675.6240
Cumberland County/Dauphin County: 717.770.0140 Berks County/Lancaster County/ Lebanon County/York County: 717.285.1350 E-mail address: email@example.com Website address: www.onlinepub.com
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ADMINISTRATION BUSINESS MANAGER Elizabeth Duvall
50plus Senior News is published by On-Line Publishers, Inc. and is distributed monthly among senior centers, retirement communities, banks, grocers, libraries and other outlets serving the senior community. On-Line Publishers, Inc. will not knowingly accept or publish advertising which may be fraudulent or misleading in nature. Views expressed in opinion stories, contributions, articles and letters are not necessarily the views of the publisher. The appearance of advertisements for products or services does not constitute an endorsement of the particular product or service. The publisher will not be responsible for mistakes in advertisements unless notified within five days of publication. On-Line Publishers, Inc. reserves the right to revise or reject any and all advertising. No part of this publication may be reproduced or reprinted without permission of On-Line Publishers, Inc. We will not knowingly publish any advertisement or information not in compliance with the Federal Fair Housing Act, Pennsylvania State laws or other local laws.
n the decade prior to and employee would pull the winning Sunday was the time to attend following World War II, most ticket stub from a jar to award a cash church. Proper dress was prescribed— days of the week were dedicated prize of about $20, a coveted sum in church was not a leisurely event. to a routine of specific activities. those days. Attendees often selected the same pew Mondays were dedicated to Thursday was not a dedicated day. seat every Sunday as though it were washing the laundry and hanging it to The evening was spent listening to reserved. Most retail stores were dry, secured by wooden pins to popular radio shows that, through closed all day to observe the Sabbath. slender rope lines in the backyard. accompanying sound effects, brought Sunday dinner, usually scheduled Amazingly, clothes hung in freezing a sense of theatric realism to the for early or mid-afternoon, typically temperatures dried, despite turning listener. featured chicken, mashed potatoes, a stiff as heavy-duty aluminum foil. Friday, for observant Catholics, vegetable, and homemade dessert. Undergarments might be hung in the meant fish for dinner or perhaps Potato salad and ham were frequent basement, adding a bit of comforting macaroni and cheese. Meat was choices for picnic events. Visiting humidity to the heated air in the banned as atonement for sins. among relatives and friends provided house. There was less opportunity to sin entertainment, until it was time to Almost everyone used one or more in this era. One lived in a community hear favored radio programs aired in of three brands of laundry soap: Fels close to aunts, uncles, cousins, and the evening. Naptha bars, Rinso powder, and grandparents. Our behavior was Today we shop any day of the Oxydol powder. Clothes hung outside closely monitored. No one wanted to week and most hours of the day. to dry always had a “fresh smell” bring shame to family members. Laundry is simplified by automatic regardless of the brand of soap used. Saturday was given to maintenance washers and dryers. Any night is Most homes were heated with coalof the house, garden, lawn, and car— movie night, thanks to DVDs, burning furnaces that emitted bits of but not before shopping for the Netflix, and cable television. black ash (“soot”) through the groceries needed for the week ahead. The abandonment of structured chimney, speckling laundry hung Movie theaters featured matinee weekdays has impaired seeing our nearby. films for children, usually presented friends, relatives, and neighbors at Some homes had only a washboard in serialized segments to encourage supermarkets, church, and movie to scrub clothes. The slightly more return for next week’s episode. theaters. Life is much more affluent had a wash machine Features included Tarzan, Charlie convenient as we find ourselves equipped with dual hard-rubber Chan, Buck Rogers, and cowboy increasingly isolated. rollers. When hand-cranked, these heroes. Evening films featured Walt Sonneville, a retired market-research rollers squeezed out much of the programming for adults. analyst, is the author of My 22 Cents’ water from laundry passing between In the 1950s, Saturday-night Worth: The Higher-Valued Opinion of a them. movie attendance declined as Senior Citizen and A Musing Moment: Americans in the 1930s and 1940s television gained audiences. Teens Meditative Essays on Life and Learning, had limited wardrobes. This made with automobiles favored “cruising” books of personal-opinion essays, free of family laundry manageable until downtown streets to attract partisan and sectarian viewpoints. Contact diapered babies arrived. companionship before heading to the him at firstname.lastname@example.org. Tuesday was given to ironing drive-in snack spot. laundry. Wrinkle-free fabrics did not arrive until late in the 1900s. President Truman, in 1947, asked Americans to not eat meat on Tuesdays so this 6 lots available ... going fast! country could ship more grain to the undernourished people Please join us at our in postwar Europe. Wednesday provided relaxation at the movies, where • Spec home and pre-owned Sunday, March 10th theatres promoted attendance homes available to inspect • 1 to 3 p.m. by holding a “Bank Night.” The paid admission ticket, Eastwood Village usually 25 cents, had identical Homes LLC numbers printed at each end. *Details available at Sales Center. 102 Summers Drive Half of the ticket was Lancaster, PA 17601 Directions: Rt. 30E – Greenfield Road exit, surrendered to the usher upon Right onto Greenfield Road to Fallon Drive. 717-397-3138 entry. At intermission a theater www.eastwoodvillagehomes.com Right onto Fallon Drive; follow signs to Sales Center.
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Taming an Overactive Bladder
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Gloria May, M.S., R.N., CHES n a recent car trip through the British countryside, we stopped at one of the most wellappointed rest areas I’d ever seen: two restaurants, a video game parlor, a gift shop combo market, a post office, and the most appreciated feature, a dozen ladies’ “facilities.” On the inside door of each cubicle, there was a poster. It was a line drawing of a woman with her knees held together but her ankles flung far out to each side. Her hands, one over the other, were just about at her (pardon me) crotch level. The illustration’s message was clear: She really had to go to the bathroom. Under the image was written: “Back already? Overactive bladder is a treatable medical condition. Ask your doctor.” Very clever, I thought, and great placement. “Overactive bladder” is the name of a distressing problem that, although it can become more troublesome as we grow older, is not a normal part of aging. The symptoms are:
• Urinary frequency, meaning having to go more than eight times in 24 hours and/or twice during the night • Urinary urgency, defined as the sudden desire to go with the panicky feeling that you won’t be able to wait until you get to a bathroom • Urge incontinence, referring to actually not being able to hold back your urine until you get to a bathroom Some 17 million Americans (mostly women) are plagued by overactive bladder symptoms. The underlying problem usually lies with the nerves and/or the muscles in that area, although there are other contributors: • Medications such as sedatives, diuretics (obviously), and sleeping pills www.50plusSeniorNewsPA.com
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• So-called “trigger foods” that can irritate the bladder: coffee (even decaf ), alcohol, tomatoes, citrus fruits, corn syrup, honey, milk, carbonated beverages, chocolate, cranberries, and even artificial sweeteners and highly spiced dishes
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Bladder retraining: This is a process of unlearning certain habits, teaching the bladder to hold more urine, and exercising and strengthening pelvic floor muscles. Medications: There are patches, gels, and pills that, although not a cure, can get a person through the course of bladder retraining. However, it takes time, and more importantly, dedication. In addition, an overactive bladder is probably best handled by a urologist or an ob/gyn with specialized training. Of course, none of this will get done unless the patient cranks up the courage to tell their doctor that there is a problem in the first place. Gloria May is a registered nurse with a master’s degree in adult health education and a Certified Health Education Specialist designation.
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Can overactive bladder be treated as the poster stated? And how? And with what degree of success? Yes, it can be treated, and while there is no one-size-fits-all strategy, there are a number of approaches that, when taken together, result in an estimated 80 percent success rate: Diet: It has been reported that half of overactive bladder sufferers can ease their symptoms just by eliminating trigger foods from their diet. Once the symptoms have improved, it is often possible to add these items back, one at a time; however, if there is one food or drink that’s particularly problematic, it may have to be permanently avoided.
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HONEY BROOK 3180 Horseshoe Pike MALVERN 324 Lancaster Ave. EXTON 200 Sunrise Blvd.
For an appointment, please call: (610)
We WelcomeYou to Make Your Family a Part of Ours
ating 40 Years
of caring for seniors
For generations, our compassionate communities have gone hand in hand with professional excellence. An unwavering commitment to resident health, safety and comfort forms the core of every service. Please visit our newly remodeled, affordable independent apartments and personal care suites or rooms. You’ll see why so many residents call Harrison House of Coatesville home.
HARRISON HOUSE COATESVILLE 300 Strode Avenue, Coatesville Phone: 610-384-6310 www.HarrisonSeniorLiving.com
Calendar of Events
Chester County Department of Parks and Recreation
Senior Center Activities
Coatesville Area Senior Center – (610) 383-6900 22 N. Fifth Ave., Coatesville – www.cascweb.org
Wednesdays in March, 9 to 10 a.m. – Warwick Walkers, Warwick County Park Wednesday and Saturdays in March, 9 to 10 a.m. – Hibernia Hiking Club, Hibernia County Park March 9, 8 to 10 a.m. – Birding at Black Rock, Black Rock Sanctuary
Support Groups Tuesdays, 6:30 to 8:30 p.m. The Wellness Community of Philadelphia: Support Group for People with Cancer The Cancer Center at Paoli Hospital 255 W. Lancaster Ave., Paoli (215) 879-7733 March 5, 2 p.m. Grief Support Group Phoenixville Senior Center 153 Church St., Phoenixville (610) 327-7216 March 5, 6 p.m. Memory Loss and Dementia Support Group Sunrise Assisted Living of Paoli 324 W. Lancaster Ave., Malvern (610) 251-9994
Free and open to the public March 5 and 19, 5 to 6:30 p.m. Bereavement Support Group Main Line Unitarian Church 816 S. Valley Forge Road, Devon (610) 585-6604 email@example.com Nondenominational; all are welcome. March 6, 6:30 p.m. Homestead Memory Care Support Group Topic: Caregiver Guilt and Resentment The Residences at Chestnut Ridge 2700 Chestnut Parkway, Chester (610) 447-0710
March 5, 7:30 p.m. Concert: The Brandywine Singers Tel Hai Retirement Community Chapel 1200 Tel Hai Circle, Honey Brook (610) 273-9333 March 5, 11:30 a.m. West Chester University Retirees Luncheon For restaurant location, please email firstname.lastname@example.org
March 11 and 25, 10:30 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. Caregiver Support Group Adult Care of Chester County 201 Sharp Lane, Exton (610) 363-8044 March 13, noon Family Caregiver Support Group Sarah Care 425 Technology Drive, Suite 200 Malvern (610) 251-0801 March 19, 6 p.m. Family Caregiver Support Group Sunrise of Westtown 501 Skiles Blvd., West Chester (610) 399-4464
March 12, 11 a.m. New Century Club Meeting (Women’s Charity Club) Days Hotel 943 S. High St., West Chester (610) 436-9158 email@example.com March 13, 12:10 p.m. DNA Reveals the Ancient Origins of One’s Family Osher Lifelong Learning Institute Widener University Exton Campus 825 Springdale Drive West Whiteland Township (484) 713-0088 www.widener.edu/olli
March 20, 12:10 p.m. A Firsthand Account of Japanese Internment during World War II Osher Lifelong Learning Institute Widener University Exton Campus 825 Springdale Drive West Whiteland Township (484) 713-0088 www.widener.edu/olli March 27, 12:10 p.m. The Recorder Instrument and Its History (Quartet Concert) Osher Lifelong Learning Institute Widener University Exton Campus 825 Springdale Drive West Whiteland Township (484) 713-0088 www.widener.edu/olli
If you have an event you would like to include, please email information to firstname.lastname@example.org for consideration.
Kennett Area Senior Center – (610) 444-4819 427 S. Walnut St., Kennett Square– www.kennettseniorcenter.org Fridays through April 12 (except Good Friday), 9 a.m. to 2:30 p.m. – Free Tax Assistance by Appointment March 14, 10 a.m. – Session on Early Heart Attack Care March 27, 12:30 p.m. – Book Talk: The Light Between Oceans by M.L. Steadman Oxford Senior Center – (610) 932-5244 12 E. Locust St., Oxford – www.oxfordseniors.org Phoenixville Area Senior Center – (610) 935-1515 153 Church St., Phoenixville www.phoenixvilleseniorcenter.org
Free and open to the public
March 9 and 16, 10 a.m. Presentation: The Land of the Bible Tel Hai Retirement Community Chapel 1200 Tel Hai Circle, Honey Brook (610) 273-9333
Great Valley Senior Center – (610) 889-2121 47 Church Road, Malvern
West Chester Area Senior Center – (610) 431-4242 530 E. Union St., West Chester – www.wcseniors.org
Community Programs March 2 and 16, 5 to 10 p.m. Bingo Nights Marine Corps League Detachment 430 Chestnut St., Downingtown (610) 431-2234
Downingtown Senior Center – (610) 269-3939 983 E. Lancaster Ave., Downingtown– http://home.ccil.org/~dasc
Please call or visit the centers’ websites for additional activities.
Chester County Library Programs Atglen Library, 413 Valley Ave., Atglen (610) 593-6848 Avon Grove Library, 117 Rose Hill Ave., West Grove, (610) 869-2004 Bayard Taylor Library, 216 E. State St., Kennett Square, (610) 444-2702 Chester County Library, 450 Exton Square Parkway, Exton, (610) 280-2615 Chester Springs Library, 1685-A Art School Road, Chester Springs, (610) 827-9212 Downingtown Library, 330 E. Lancaster Ave., Downingtown, (610) 269-2741 March 8, 6 to 7:30 p.m.; March 9, 9 a.m. to 4 p.m. – Spring Book Sale March 14, 6:30 p.m. – Maximizing Your Medicare Coverage Presentation Paoli Library, 18 Darby Road, Paoli, (610) 296-7996 Mystery Book Club – Call for dates/times www.50plusSeniorNewsPA.com
Volunteer Spotlight Family of Volunteers Celebrated Members of the Zuponcic family of Downingtown have been active volunteers on Tel Hai’s campus since July 2006. Cindy Zuponcic remembers responding to an ad in the Chester County Homeschool newsletter when her four children were between the ages of 7 and 13. At that time they served as Friendly Visitors in the healthcare center on Friday afternoons. Now ranging in age from 14 to 20, the Zuponcic youngsters have moved on to busy and rewarding lives. Sons Bradley and Steven are in high school with “crazy-busy schedules,” but still find time to volunteer an average of three hours a week in the Garden Café in Tel Hai’s community center. In the fall of 2006 the Zuponcics started assisting healthcare center
residents on living and community working in trips, and as Virginia. the Emmy youngsters followed in grew older her sister’s they pursued footsteps more varied initially and volunteer then chose opportunities to volunteer on the Tel in the Hai campus. campus The library, Cindy Zuponcic encouraged her four children to become community volunteers in 2006. oldest, handling Elizabeth, computer participated in the Summer Youth data entry and shelving. She was also a program for two years, continued with Garden Boutique volunteer and still Friendly Visiting, and was a writer of works in dining services while attending resident histories as part of the Slice of a local college. History program offered by the volunteer Bradley, now 16, served in the services department. Currently she is Children’s Learning Garden daycare
center, hair care, and chapel. For the past three years he has been working in the Garden Café with his younger brother, Steven, now 14. Steven had also helped out in Heather Gardens, a specialized program in a secure setting for individuals with cognitive impairments. Cindy still enjoys Friendly Visiting, assisting in the volunteer office with computer data entry, writing for the Slice of History program, and working in human resources as well. Cindy also recalled everyone helping out with the annual book sale in April for several years. The faithful service of the entire Zuponcic family has long been appreciated at Tel Hai, and it is a pleasure to formally recognize their many years and varied service to Tel Hai residents and staff.
Do you know a 50+ volunteer who gives selflessly to others? Tell us what makes him or her so special and we will consider them for 50plus Senior News’ Volunteer Spotlight! Submissions should be 200 words or fewer and photos are encouraged. Email preferred to email@example.com or mail nominations to 50plus Senior News, Volunteer Spotlight, 3912 Abel Drive, Columbia, PA 17512.
‘Supersize’ Your Well-Being Wendell Fowler n 1972, Americans spent $3 billion on fast food. Today, they spend more than $110 billion. And supersizing any meal plumps up more than 46 million people daily, more than the population of Spain. Loosen your belt. You’d need to skip around the garden seven hours nonstop to burn off a jumbo soda, fries, and a triple baconcheeseburger. Portion control, food wisdom, and self-love are critical for a healthier, peaceful life. By combining addictive fats, sugar, and salt, fast food taps into your brain’s opiate reward system, creating a feedback loop that stimulates your desire to eat and leaves you wanting more and more, even as your tummy bursts. Change your plate; change your weight. “Weight sits like a spider at the center of an intricate, tangled web of
health and disease,” writes Walter Willett in Eat, Drink, and Be Healthy: The Harvard Medical School Guide to Healthy Eating. The American Institute for Cancer Research says those who supersize meals are probably overweight, the welcome wagon for “diabesity” and other diseases. One ounce is considered a portion of whole grains. Generally, one ounce consists of one slice of whole-grain bread or 1 cup cooked steel-cut oats, brown rice, quinoa, or whole-grain pasta. According to the FDA, people should be eating six to 11 servings of grains per day. A serving is a half cup. One ounce of cheese equals four dice; 1/2 cup low-fat ice cream equals a half an orange; one medium piece of fruit equals a tennis ball. Brown rice, other whole grains, and mashed potatoes should look like half a baseball. A whole-
grain muffin should resemble a tennis ball, not a softball. Two to three ounces of fish, chicken, and lean red meats should resemble a deck of cards. A serving of raw almonds or walnuts is 22 nuts. Greasy potato chips equaling one serving looks like a half of grapefruit, but you must admit, a half of a sweet and juicy ruby-red grapefruit is a much bigger bang for your nutritional buck. A serving of supernutritious leafy veggies is 1 cup. The CDC highly recommends supersizing your fresh, colorful, earthnurtured, not-canned produce consumption. Perfection would be seven to nine half-cup portions daily, which could be achieved at the local salad bar, sans creamy dressings. Opt for olive oil and vinegar. Cook from scratch with a variety of vibrant plant foods daily to absorb the
ethereal health benefits real foods offer. Instead of supersizing, eat just half a normal portion and cut 50 percent of the calories. Ask for or prepare lunch-size portions at dinner. Despite the affordability, shun “all-you-can-eat” buffets. Remember, pigging out accelerates aging. We can’t blame family genes; it’s the wealth of unwholesome, emotionally advertised, low-cost, supersized food underlying the “diabesity” healthcare crisis. Just like we’re not born to hate, we were not created to eat against our nature; we were taught. Chef Wendell is an inspirational food literacy speaker and author of Earth Suit Maintenance Manual. To order a signed copy of his food essays and tasty recipes, contact him at firstname.lastname@example.org or www.chefwendell.com.
Travel Appetizers: Stories that Whet the Appetite for Travel
There’s More to Maui than Sun and Surf t’s 5:30 in the morning, and I’m shivering on a Maui beach. The wind is gusting, and the waves are crashing onto the shore, showering us with fine particles of mist and sand. I’m one of about 50 people, most in swimsuits, wrapped in towels and looking either supremely serene or vaguely apprehensive. The serene folks are the Kanaka Maoli (Native Hawaiians) or at least kama’aina (non-Hawaiian islanders). The apprehensive, like me, are visitors. We’re here to experience Hi’uwai, a traditional Hawaiian purification ceremony. It’s the opening event of Maui’s Celebration of the Arts, an annual festival that honors Hawaiian culture, from music to crafts, from rituals to herbs. (This year, the celebration will be held March 2931.) Clifford Nae’ole, the Hawaiian cultural advisor to The Ritz-Carlton Hotel in Kapalua, which is hosting the event, begins speaking.
Hi'uwai, a traditional purification ceremony, opens the annual Celebration of the Arts.
A chant, accompanied by rhythmic drumbeats, honors the elders. Visitors are encouraged to try out a nose flute.
Local children demonstrate the hula.
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“Now it is time for silence,” he says. “When you go into the water, think about what you’ve done, good and bad. When you get out, you’ll leave the dirt behind.” He calls us to move closer to each other as he intones a chant that I can’t understand. Then he waves us toward the water. I surprise myself by going in, letting the water wash over me. The wind whips my face, blows my hair, and I almost stumble as the waves come in with a roar. As I regain my balance, I sense new possibilities. Maybe there’s something to this. Within about 10 minutes, the last few people leave the water, and Nae’ole has us face the east where the sky is getting lighter, a glimmer of pink peaking through the trees. A woman leads us in a chant to awaken the sun. “A new day has begun,” says Nae’ole, and he encourages us each to hug the person closest to us. I’m standing near three people; I hug them all.
Job Assistance Group Expanded to Aid Unemployed Seniors Seniors seeking employment in the greater Chester County area have an expanded, no-cost networking and support group for aid. Calvary Fellowship Church, located at 95 W. Devon Drive at Route 113 in Lionville, has moved its weekly Monday-morning job-seeker gatherings, called The Barnabas Group, to 7 to 8:30 p.m. in room 104-106 of the church. It has also expanded assistance for resume writing, interview skills, job search techniques, and more. The change is designed to provide a broader range of assistance for many of the more than 16,000 officially
unemployed in Chester County, the nearly 10,000 more who are estimated to have lost their unemployment benefits, and the many underemployed. A basic component of the new initiative will be the 12 Steps Toward EmploymentTM curriculum, developed by Parkesburg resident Casey Jones. The Barnabas Group is open to all unemployed and underemployed, along with human services personnel, family members, and others wanting to know more about how to assist job-seekers. Further information on The Barnabas Group, contact Casey Jones at email@example.com or (610) 707-1494.
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After I dry off and fill my stomach bridges, most of which are single lane, with coffee harvested on the nearby island and 620 curves. That’s right—620 curves of Molokai and toast smeared with in 52 miles or, to put it another way, 12 roasted pineapple jam, I go to the lobby swerves per mile! But the scenery, a where a large man in native dress is tropical rainforest replete with rushing beating on a 4-foot-tall drum and water and fruit-laden trees, is worth every intoning a chant even more haunting gut-wrenching turn. than the one on the beach. This, I learn, After about three hours the road is the Wehe I Ka ’lpuka, the opening straightens, and we’re in the small protocol that honors the elders. community of Hana, where the loudest Nae’ole bristles when I ask him if the sounds come from the waves and morning dip waterfalls. There’s and subsequent plenty to do— drum ceremony from hiking in were just the Haleakala opening shots in National Park to a faux festival, examining quilts designed to and poi boards at capitalize on the a small current interest museum—but in cultural the ambience is Photo Credit: Hawaii Tourism Authority (HTA)/Tor Johnson. The road to Hana is one of the curviest travel. so gentle, so in the nation. “These are as tranquil, that we real as it gets,” feel the tensions he says firmly. “I drain away and would not dare for two days do create, invent, or little more than dilute our munch on culture. My mango, walk on ancestors would the beach, and not allow it. admire the falls. What you are On our way experiencing is back we peruse The festival showcases authentic and the art galleries in different types of music. perpetuates all the historic things whaling town of Hawaiian.” Lahaina and treat The days ourselves to an whirl by, a evening at the three-ring circus Old Lahaina of Lu’au. There, demonstrations, sitting crossperformances, legged on a and workshops. woven mat, we I create a have a final feast necklace from where we dine on Visitors enjoy Hana beach. shells and traditional flowers, my Hawaiian food husband learns and enjoy a to blow a nose musical journey flute, and we through attend a lecture Hawaiian history. on Hawaiian A hula dancer herbal healing. stops us as we In between, leave. we watch “A hui hou dancers perform kakou,” she says, Surfboards have many uses! different styles handing us each a of hula, some that are accompanied by flower. “Until we meet again.” percussion instruments, others by guitars I nod my thanks and begin plotting and ukuleles. our return. The next day we head for Hana, where life ambles on much as it did years ago. www.gohawaii.com/maui The first part of the drive goes quickly. www.celebrationofthearts.org It’s not until we reach Kahului, the Photos © Irv Green unless otherwise noted; western terminus of the famed Hana story by Andrea Gross Highway, that the challenge begins. (www.andreagross.com). The 52-mile road consists of 59 www.50plusSeniorNewsPA.com
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The Way I See It
Rough Days Mike Clark his cold starting coming on last Thursday; by Friday, it was accelerating at full throttle toward a wretched head- and chestbuster. My wife and I still went out to eat Friday evening. Being able to down a hearty meal while feeling less than well is not an ideal way to display toughness and resolve against illness. Midway between the eatery and home, I felt something else creeping up on my weakened mass. A perfect storm was brewing. I was about to be crushed by the agonizing process of negotiating a full-scale assault by not just the cold, but also a horrible bout of food-borne illness that was surely brewing inside. It was strange, though, how my body quickly put the cold aside to clear the way for a relatively short but brutal battle to exorcise the evil bug invasion taking over my body. The two storm systems were miraculously diverted from collision
by the force of self-preservation, an innate sense that I could not handle both afflictions at the same time. All of Saturday was a grueling test of my willingness to battle. And battle I did. By Sunday afternoon, the bacteria army was vanquished. So the reckoning began. My cold took its rightful place in the dark space that was previously occupied by the poison beasties. And it took its place with vicious authority.
It felt as though somebody was running a steel-wool pad in and out of my throat and chest with a rusty pipe, my head was being attacked from within by a troop of little demons with ball-peen hammers, and my muscles were being pulled and twisted by unknown forces. The suggested remedies for the common cold can drive you as crazy as the people who swear by them. I stick to my regimen of drinking instant chicken
noodle soup, taking short (or long) naps, whining, and, of course, taking long, hot showers, minus the joy of singing songs to which I have long since forgotten the words. I have to preserve my ravaged voice for better days. It’s now Tuesday and my wife is eyeing me with that enough-is-enough look. On her way out this morning, she dropped one of those dust-magnet cloths on the table and pointed out that the particle layers were getting thick on the flat surfaces. She also informed me that the vacuum was downstairs in the family room, just in case. In case of what? Oh, now I get it. She just doesn’t respect my pain. Mike Clark writes a regular column for The Globe Leader newspaper in New Wilmington, Pa. He lives outside Columbia, Pa., and can be contacted at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Monologue Competition Seeks Entries The Mirror Monologues (www.themirrormonologues.com) seeks submissions from women of all ages about the role mirrors play in their lives. The best and most representative stories will be woven into a 90-minute script that will be presented in New York City in the spring of 2014. The Mirror Monologues was created by four women: Judith Estrine, Nancy GallClayton, Donna Guthrie, and Linda
Rathkopf. The women met when GallClayton and Guthrie put together a short play festival called “6 Women Turning 60” in 2006 after they met at the Iowa Summer Writing Festival. “We want both serious and humorous pieces about a time when you looked in a mirror and felt a strong emotion. Examples include: your first eyeglasses, braces, graduation, wedding day, pregnancy, important job interview, and
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your changing self-image on milestone birthdays,” says Guthrie. The founders of The Mirror Monologues agree that the final script will inevitably include both painful as well as celebratory stories; they intend for the overall message to be positive, lifeaffirming, and inspiring. They also hope this project will lead to collaborations with theatrical communities across the country.
The Mirror Monologues competition is open to women ages 16 years and older. Submissions will be accepted until March 31, 2013. Playwrights may submit only one monologue. Monologues must be unpublished, unproduced, and between one and three pages in length. For more information on The Mirror Monologues, submission guidelines, and mailing instructions, please visit www.themirrormonologues.com.
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Salute to a Veteran
Aboard the Intrepid, He Saw Action in Major Battles Across the Pacific Robert D. Wilcox
alter Miles was in high school in Maryland when the Japanese attacked Pearl
Harbor. And, like many youngsters in those days, he couldn’t wait to get in uniform and battle the enemy. Several of his friends had joined the Navy and told him how great it was. So, although he was only 16, he did as many others had done, claiming he was 17 and enlisting in the Navy. The Navy was pleased to have him and, after three weeks of boot camp in Norfolk, sent him to Electrician’s Mate School in Newport, R.I. Graduating from there as a third class electrician’s mate in 1943, he was assigned to the brand-new USS Intrepid, which was the fifth of 24 Essex-class aircraft carriers built for the Navy during World War II. It was to have one of the most distinguished service records of any Navy ship, seeing active service in the Pacific Theater including the Marshall Islands, Truk, Leyte Gulf, and Okinawa. And Miles was aboard for them all. He boarded the ship in August 1943 for its shakedown cruise to Maine, then to Trinidad. Then it passed through the Panama Canal to Pearl Harbor, where it took on needed supplies and armament before heading to the Marshall Islands, the next objective in the Navy’s massive island-hopping campaign. There, she and the carriers Cabot and Essex destroyed all of the 83 Japanese aircraft based on Roi-Namur, and her aircraft strafed Ennuebing Island until 10 minutes before the Marines reached the beaches. That opened up the North Pass into Kwajalein Lagoon for the assault on Roi. Next, the three carriers headed for Truk, the tough Japanese base in the center of Micronesia. There they sank two destroyers and 200,000 tons of merchant shipping in two days. Miles says he remembers Truk well. “One night I was standing my watch in the gyro compass compartment. I had just sat down with a cup of coffee when there was a huge explosion that blew me across the room. A Japanese plane had put a torpedo in us about 40 feet from where I was sitting, blowing a huge hole in the side of the ship, flooding several
The USS Intrepid (CV-11) in the Philippine Sea in November 1944.
Third Class Electrician’s Mate Walter A. Miles in Norfolk in 1943, about to board the USS Intrepid.
compartments, and distorting our rudder. “We were able to limp back to Pearl Harbor for temporary repairs, then to Hunter’s Point Navy Yard in San Francisco for permanent repairs.” By June 1944, the Intrepid was back in fighting trim and headed for the southwest Pacific. She struck airfields and artillery emplacements on Peleliu, and then steamed to join the Battle of Leyte Gulf, the largest sea battle in history. One of her aircraft spotted Vice Admiral Kurita’s flagship Yamato and accompanying ships. A day-long attack from carrier aircraft then sank one Japanese battleship and heavily damaged three more, forcing the Japanese to withdraw. As the Intrepid’s aircraft hit Clark Field on Oct. 30, a burning kamikaze suicide plane crashed into one of the carrier’s port gun tubs, killing 10 men and wounding six. Miles says, “We placed the dead in canvas sacks, each weighted down with a 5-inch shell; then, after a religious ceremony, slid them from a board into the sea.” Later in the battle, two kamikazes crashed into the flight deck, killing 69 men. Miles was part of the crew who fought the flames and successfully put them out. He says the stress of battle got to the men in different ways. One, he remembers, couldn’t talk at all. Another’s hair went completely gray.
The Intrepid returned to Hunter’s Point again for repairs, and then went to Okinawa, where they were attacked by scores of kamikazes. A good friend of Miles’s was manning a 20-mm gun when his tub was hit, and he had both legs blown off and died. A twin-engine bomber exploded next to the ship,
spraying fire and body parts across the deck, and Miles helped fight the fire and clear the deck of body parts. When the war ended and the Intrepid returned to Long Beach, they picked up many soldiers from various islands on the trip home. Miles went by train to Bainbridge, Md., where he was discharged on Jan. 10, 1946. He then earned a BS in education from Salisbury State Teachers College and taught fifth and sixth graders for a couple of years. And then he worked in sanitary engineering for 30 years before retiring and coming to a retirement home in Central Pennsylvania. He’s happy there, saying with a smile, “It’s a great place for anyone who appreciates good food … and plays bridge.” Colonel Wilcox flew a B-17 bomber in Europe in World War II.
Have you photographed a smile that just begs to be shared? Send us your favorite smile—your children, grandchildren, friends, even your “smiling” pet!—and it could be 50plus Senior News’ next Smile of the Month! You can submit your photos (with captions) either digitally to email@example.com or by mail to:
50plus Senior News Smile of the Month 3912 Abel Drive, Columbia, PA 17512 Digital photos must be at least 4x6'' with a resolution of 300 dpi. No professional photos, please. Please include a SASE if you would like to have your photo returned.
Art and Antiques by Dr. Lori
Kate’s Royal Portrait Dr. Lori he official portrait of HRH the Duchess of Cambridge was unveiled at London’s National Portrait Gallery on Jan. 11, 2013, and is currently on public display there. The portrait was commissioned by the National Portrait Gallery through the Art Fund. It was painted by the BP Portrait Award-winning artist Paul Emsley (born in 1947 in Glasgow, Scotland), who has also painted such notable figures as South African President Nelson Mandela and author V.S. Naipaul. Experts are categorizing the painting within the tradition of Italian Renaissance portrait master Leonardo da Vinci, citing a keen ability to capture likeness and the use of dark and light areas to convey drama to the image. Soon other royal portraits will be compared to this painting of the Duchess of Cambridge, like the paintings by Hans
Holbein of the royal court members of King Henry VIII to the more current and famous painting of Princess Diana by American artist Nelson Shanks. Onlookers the world over—that is anyone with a pair of eyes—have offered their critique of the painting too. Some adjectives that have been used to describe the work of art include dark, unflattering, inconsistent, etc. I think that the way that the artist has captured the duchess’ trademark flowing, long hair and coy yet understated smile is an achievement, aesthetically speaking. Of course, the natural beauty of the
Duchess of Cambridge contributes to the success of the Emsley painting. Some say that the painting shows a more serious side of the duchess, but I disagree with that assessment. As an art historian, appraiser, and former museum director, I think that the painting depicts a youthful royal with a zest for life and a sincere smile that shows her unique understanding of her position. The piece captures her likeness, suggests her vigor, and makes the viewer want to take a second look. The duchess sat twice for the artist, in both May and June 2012. One sitting took place at the artist’s studio and the
other in the duchess’ own surroundings at Kensington Palace. Like most contemporary portrait artists, Emsley produced photographs and worked from them to complete the portrait. The painting was completed after approximately four months of work by the artist. The duchess’ eyes are attractive, realistic, and bright. An oddly familiar earring emerges from the duchess’ curled hair, which shows a strong resemblance to the famous sapphire-and-diamond engagement ring that was once owned by the late Princess Diana. The portrait of the Duchess of Cambridge is a bust-length portrait that does not show the sitter’s hands, so the earring may serve as a remembrance of the family tradition and the famous history of the royal jewels. I think that, as with many works of fine art, the earring may be a symbol of the legacy of
Why plan my funeral in advance? Express your own wishes. Many people find value in planning a funeral that reflects their personality, interest, and life’s work. Advance funeral planning ensures that your exact wishes are fulfilled and gives you a chance to discuss these wishes with your family, too. Relieve an emotional burden. It’s difficult to think about one’s own funeral. But think about how difficult these decisions would be while grieving for a loved one. Your advance funeral plan can include every detail from the service to the casket, music, flowers, and more. Relieve a financial burden. We offer many ways to fund your funeral in advance – there is a plan to meet your specific need. By funding your prearrangement today, your survivors won’t need to bear the financial responsibility. Your life insurance and other assets can remain intact because you dedicated money specifically for the cost of your funeral.
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the royals. This object is a recognizable link to her husband, Prince William, and his royal lineage. Reports indicate that the duchess wanted to be portrayed naturally, not officially. Many who know her say that including the duchess with her smile was a good and obvious choice. Catherine Elizabeth Middleton, now the Duchess of Cambridge, was born in Berkshire and attended Marlborough College. The duchess studied at the British Institute in Florence before enrolling at the University of St. Andrews in Fife. She has a degree in the history of art. She married Prince William of Wales at Westminster Abbey on April 29,
2011. She holds an honorary position as a patron of the National Portrait Gallery. HRH The Duchess of Cambridge by Paul Emsley is on display now as part of the Contemporary Collections in the Lerner Galleries of the National Portrait Gallery, London. Judging from the portrait, it looks like it’s good to be Kate. Ph.D. antiques appraiser, author, and awardwinning TV personality, Dr. Lori presents antique appraisal events nationwide. Dr. Lori is the expert appraiser on the hit TV show Auction Kings on Discovery channel, which airs Wednesdays at 10 p.m. Visit www.DrLoriV.com, www.Facebook.com/ DoctorLori, or call (888) 431-1010.
Keep Your Eyes Open for Common Sleep Disorders Barking dogs and ambulance sirens can interfere with a good night’s sleep, but so can a number of physical conditions. Because sleep is essential to your health, get familiar with these common disorders and conditions that prevent restful shuteye. Teeth grinding. Technically known as “bruxism,” grinding your teeth can cause pain in the jaw, as well as annoy whomever you’re sleeping with. It’s often associated with anxiety and stress. A mouth guard can reduce tooth abrasion, so talk to your dentist.
off oxygen for 20-40 seconds as you sleep, preventing you from getting the rest you need. And you may not even be aware of the problem unless a partner notices your breathing difficulty. Treatment depends on the seriousness of the condition; surgery is one option, but lifestyle changes such as losing weight and avoiding alcohol can also be effective.
National Sleep Awareness Week is March 5–11
Sleep paralysis. While drifting off to sleep, or waking up, you may suddenly realize you’re unable to move your body. The condition can go on for several minutes. It happens when part of your brain is in REM sleep and it shuts down your ability to move so you don’t injure yourself during dreams. It’s not dangerous—just unnerving. Obstructed sleep apnea. An obstruction in the upper airway can cut www.50plusSeniorNewsPA.com
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Night terrors. Not a nightmare, but an intense sensation of fear that’s most common in children. Though scary for parents and kids alike, night terrors aren’t considered dangerous and usually don’t result in any lost sleep for the sufferer. Restless leg syndrome. An irresistible compulsion to move parts of your body as you’re trying to fall asleep, RLS is a neurological disorder that can affect your arms, torso, and even phantom limbs. Stretching or shaking your limbs can bring some relief; iron supplements may be effective, but have your iron level tested by your doctor before taking any pills.
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The dig was conducted at the Strickler site, along the shores of the Susquehanna River, just south of Washington Boro. This site was where the Susquehannock Indians traded with Europeans. “We found datable objects from 1640 to 1660,” Warfel said. It was that first dig that Warfel credits with changing his life. “The light bulb went off and I had my career. Once you’ve got the bug, you’ve got it,” Warfel said. After graduating in 1971 with a degree in archaeology, Warfel taught four years at Sterling High School in Summerdale, N.J. Each summer, Warfel worked with the State Museum of Pennsylvania. That job helped him understand he really wanted to pursue archaeology full time. “I was lucky enough to land a job with just an undergraduate degree as an industrial archaeologist in Paterson, N.J.,” Warfel said. Paterson was the nation’s first planned industrial community in the late 1790s to early 1800s. Then, from 1978 to 1980, Warfel went back to grad school to earn his master’s degree in anthropology from Brown University, Providence, R.I. Warfel was hired full time by the State Museum of Pennsylvania in 1980. He worked there until retiring in 2007 as the senior curator of archaeology. Since retiring, Warfel, 63, has worked as an archaeological consultant for small local historical societies. “It’s been fulfilling and busy,” he said. Warfel recently completed work with the Shippensburg Historical Society, trying to discover the actual site of Fort Morris, which stood from 1756 to 1765 during the French and Indian War. During the project’s third phase, Warfel was fortunate to find evidence of the fort site and solve the mystery of which of three possible sites the fort was actually located on. During the last phase, “our biggest handicap was that the fort was located in a part of town that was developed in the 1890s. We were working in side yards and backyards of houses,” he said. “It was challenging work in an urban setting.” Locating the entire outline of the fort was hampered, he said, because they couldn’t access all of the properties and there had been a lot of utility disturbances because of the property development. But the dig yielded a “tremendous” amount of recovered objects, he said. They found 20,000 artifacts. Warfel also worked with Historic York Inc. on the Schultz House, the earliest www.50plusSeniorNewsPA.com
Call toll-free: 1-800-267-4518 stone house in York County. It had reportedly been used as a prison camp during the Revolutionary War. “We were unable to prove that, but we hope to do more work in the future,” Warfel said. Warfel worked at two other sites of note. The first was in Columbia’s Rotary Park. In the late 1720s, Samuel Blunston built his home there. Blunston was William Penn’s land manager. If anyone wanted to settle across the river, he had to get a license from Blunston, Warfel said. When Blunston died, the property was deeded to close friend Susanna Wright, and the home became known as the Wright’s Ferry Mansion. A private company wanted to know about Wright’s life in her later years, so Warfel was asked to help. “As luck would have it, we also discovered a prehistoric site from the Shenk’s Ferry culture,” Warfel said. By radiocarbon dating charred hickory nuts uncovered there, Warfel determined the Native American settlement was from 1468. In the summer of 2011, Warfel worked on a dig at Dill’s Tavern in Dillsburg. The Colonial-period tavern was being restored when elements of another building were found in the ground. “They wisely didn’t open the site until archaeologists were on hand to expose the area,” he said. As they dug the site, they found an outbuilding, which probably was a summer kitchen that served the tavern, he said. “I was fortunate to work on it. It was a really interesting site.” But Warfel doesn’t work on digs alone. He said he has a large number of volunteers who help him. Because the small historical organizations have to raise their own funding or get small grants, they can’t hire many professional archaeologists and must rely on volunteers, he said. Most volunteers are either undergrad students or senior citizens, he said. Some of the senior volunteers have donated as much as 3,000 hours of labor. Oftentimes, seniors are more available than anyone else because they have flexible work schedules or they are retired, he said. “Many have always wanted to do an archaeological dig,” he said, and are fulfilling their lifelong dreams. Warfel said he is straightforward with the physical demands of digging and sifting soil. Those who aren’t up to the physical challenges are quite useful in the lab, cleaning, labeling, and organizing the artifacts. What the volunteers do is a “great service to their communities,” he said.
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