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To ESIIlOV trov Kouoouvatrov Kal t'1e; 'YPlae;. anavtoov Ete; rc 0pEwa t11e; Na~ou Xropia, ouvcillE9a va cruva",rolltV 1tpOe;tOUe; tV 0PQK11 KaAoyepoue;, tO~ EVItc6pro yeporx;, tOUe; EV n6vrro JJwJJOyeporx;, tO~ EV KaHopiKiOlC; tTJ~ MaKEoov{ae; jJ1tajJ1toyeporx;,ta tv Ilat{orTJ JJ7t:OuJJ7t:ou(J(l{)la Kal roue; ev MUK6vro. Kpr,tllKal KepKupa ICouICouyeporx;79. Al )"atKa{ autal cruvt\Stlal trov Ilttaj!.q>leoj!.evrov exouv npoq>avroe; t'lv Katayro'Yt\v trov tiC; rTJv naAalOrat'lV OlOvuolaKtiv A.arpe{av, oev e{vat Ot tuXaia evttAOO~oUllntroat<; 6tt ..ra anoKptatlKa aura t91lla neq>touv cnTJv lOla navou KatOU enOXtl Jit ta A VSEOttiPla trov naA.alooV", ta avttOrOlxoUVta npo~ ta EaplVu .:110VOola, rae; to(a<; OTJA.ov6n EopraC;, tae; ono{ae; EoopraCov Kal 01 Na~lOl 1tpOC;tilltlv rou .:1IOWOOUKal rlle; Aptaov'lC; Ile OICon6v eotTJP1K6v80• 'Ott B' al roe;avro Iletallq>ttoele; anOteAOuv onouoalov OtOlXe1ov trov OlovuolaKoov eoptrov q>aivetat Kal EK tOU 6n Kata ta~ reA.etae; rrov apxa1rov AveEOt'lPioov. ra onola tioav aOtlK" olovuolaKti eoptt\, noA.)"o{ eq>6pouv 'YuVatKeiae; toSr,rae; Kat «ytr vatKOlliJJ(l) Ilopq><illlatt» en6llneuov, «ra IlEV roC;'Opal, ra OE roC; NUIlq>al, ta OE roe;BaKxat npunovrt<;»81, 0 O· uno tOU Aorepiou KatayyeH6Jitvoe; yuvalK10l16e; trov OtpatlrotOOv Kara tae; KaA.avoae; evol1i~tro OUtroc; anapaitlltOV orotxdov trov StOVUOlaKoov toproov. rOUA.aX10rOv tv AA.e~avSpEia Kata rov lov alrova n.X., cl>ore q>1),,6aoq>6C;tiC; OttPA."a." napa tro ~aatA.tl 6tl «1l6voe; trov a),,/..rov yuvalKe(a OUK EVEoooaro ev t01C; .:1lOvuoiOt~ ..82. Ourro 01 Na.l;IOI ouvex(~ovrE<; Etl Kal otillepov Kara ta~ An6Kperoc; tae; naAatoratae; tKe{vae; euEtTJP1Ka~ Eoprae; OlatTJpouv arotxtia rTJe;OIOVUOlaKtle;Aatptlae;, rTJe;r600v EVNu~ro otaotSolleVT)e; KaS' 6)"ou<; roue; OlappEuOaVttC; atoova~ tOU enTJVIKOU piou.

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21. H V'flole;,'1 TtpOe;fk>ppQvTOUAll1tVOC; t'1~ Xwpae;(NQ~Ou)auvoeol1&v'1l1t t'1v ~'1PQVOIUAII1£VO~paxlovoe;,t<p' ~e;olaaw~Ovtal ta tptlltlu u~XUIKOUvaou, toU Alt6AMoVOe;.E.u..l\9'1V'fl0U;tOO BalCloo. 6ltEP 611WC; Elval, vol1i~w, 011l1wuPY'1l1aAoyiac;ltapall60E~, 1116n0 A.a6e;to I1t~oc;ovoI1ci~1:1 naAana. ncpi tOU tOltwvul1lou TOOtOUloe Avt. KatoOUpou, tOlt(J}Willa t'1e;NQ~ou. Na~laK6v APXEiov, Et. A'. tEUXoc;60v Na~oc; 947. OEA. 82. 22. OI1'1P. 'Yl1v. XXVI. 2, tKO. lean lumbert (Bude), Paris .1936, ~EA. 177.0 I:ttlp. B~avtlOC; tV A_Nooal Atytl. 6n ult6 to 6vol1a tOUtOUI('1PXI: lt6Ale; tv NQ~(I). . . 23. «Em t'1e; aVatOAl1crje;ltAEUpQ~tOO6poue; KopwvlOoC;(K01V(1)~ ~OP(l)you) tUP'1tal ltl:pitpyov Oltl'lAalov. ltl9avw<;to ltQAalXP'101110ltOIO0l1tVOV (1)e;t6ltoc; Aatptlae;, olaowaav to 6vOj.luI1IUC; tWV9pEljlaOWVEVNQ~w TOV ~16vuoov vul1cpWv,tTl~ Kopwv{lIoc;". 6. n. n(aOXelA'1), QP9pov Nci~oC;EV MtyciA11EH'1v. EyICuKAolt.t. 18. Aaflval (1932). OEA.30. To Om'lAUIOV tOOtO AiYEtal Onl1epov ..KaKOOlt."AI". AtnICou, H Na~oc;, E<P'1I1·..nutplC;», A9nval 28 OKtw~pioo 1930. 0&)..4. ~IQ to TOTtWVUI110V K6p(1)vO~A. A. Katooupou, t. u. OEA. 79. 24. To EVNa~w 0'1I1Ep1V6vrOTtwvul1lOvKAE1Me;m9uvwc; OXEt{~EtUll1t t'1V AUtpEiav t11e;KAtlo'1e;, 016n 10(1)e;tKE{um'lP'XtKkElllwv: lI'1A~Ol\va6c; tTtC;K).elo'1<;. A. Katooupou. t. u. OtA. 82.ntpl t(1)Vtpocp<l)VtOUt(1)VtOU 610VOOOU~A. H. Jeanmaire. t. u. OEA.223. . 25...... Der alte Mythos von seiner Verbindung mit Ariadne. der hochhe.ligen Bottin, auf der mythischen Insel Dia wu~e h~eher verle~t. und Naxos in spaterer Zeit aanz von den Wundern der dlOnYSlschen Rehglon erfuUt". pauly Wissowa. Real Encyciopadie, tOil. V. Stuttgart 1905. 1025. n~~A. Kal L. Preller - Karl Robert. Die Griechische Heldensage. tOil. 114, Berhn 1920. OEA.684 - 689. lilt Kal M. E. Ouit, Naxos et les etablissements latins de l'Archipel, 1874 O£A. 117 - 119. 1:'1I1I:I(I)9"t(1) 6'1'1It'flyr\ tiC;t~(1)T'1!;lt6At(1)<; Nci~ou UYEtUI 0nl1tpov ApIQOV'fl.lot 6. n. n(aolaA'1), cipepov Na~oc; tV MtyciA'1 EAA. EYKuK).olt.t61'. 18 (1932), o. 30. T'1v ApIQ6v11V9rupt! 0 H. Jeanmaire. t. a. OfA. 223. we;I1&"(QA'1v 110Plpl'lvtTle;aplalae; Alyal~Kne;I1U9oAoy{~. 26. Ol1l'1pou , OOuo. A 320 - 325. 27. F. Wclcker, Griechschc Gotterlehre, lOll. II(1860), OtA. 591 - 592.

I

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I. To atalpUAI Elval 0 KUt' cl;axl'lv Kaplt6~ tOU610WOOU.ta Ot ov6l1atu ItQIpUAoc;,OlVOlt{WV, Mte'1ICUIOlvcive'1 uvl'IICOUV tiC;tU telCVOtOU610Woou ICUIta~ aKoAou9ouo~ uut6v I1UlvciOa~. .. . 2...... Dans lOutes Ie i1esde I' Archipcl. les Cyclades et les II.esaslatlq~es, dont les vignobles sont une richesse essentielle, Ie c~lte d~ Dlon,Ysos s est propagc aisement. Le premier centre de ce cOte pa.ralt aVOlr6~eI ne de N~xos, qui etait regardee comme consacree tout cntlq~~re a~ dlcu'.11 yava.t ete importe dil _ on. par de colons thraces de Beoue? qUIIen so.t, les Na. " N I Ite saerce ou I'on avait eleve Ie jeune dicu, "Icns avalcot dleurIe ysa, cur aro L P II K I de ICAlt.. .Apepov 6\6vuooc; tv t'fl a rc er - ar tou~~ cyc.le e .aen dSG' tt' . Berlin 18944 OtA 676 680 - 683. T(I)v 111.',; 0.....", Theo,ome un 0 er, ," ' III \I Griedl. M thol4 (1894), oU. 6S9 ICE.: Dionysos. ~ Y

3. Pauly - Wissowa, Real Encyclopadie, TOil. XVI. 2 (1935), 2081. 4. Ounpoo, O/iUa. A 325. lot Kal Kau'll1axoo, A1(60. 163: «Ev 61'1' :0 yap tOKt I(UAUitEPOV OUVOI1Q NQl;w... I:X6A.0COKp. 11 45/46 a.b ... 0'1acUC; aplt(ioa~ Aplelov'1Vt'1v Miv(1)oC;ICalaTtapac; Cl~61av vnoov, rnv vuv KUAOUI1EV'1V Nel~Ov,Katel 610vUOOO~OUA'10WA.,,911nvt XP110elIlEVOC; altEAIOEvUUTl'IV Ka9tUOouoav.._nonai II' CIOI1Il)00161al KaAOIiI1EVUI ... Kal '1 ovouccsetcc NQ~oC; .,.». BA. KUI61OIIwpou,IV, 61,S. BA. Kal H. Jeanrnaireo Dionysow, Paris 1951, acA. 222. 5. Plinii. Hist. natur. IV. 22. 6. ntvOOpou. nu916v. IV. 156. 7. Aya9'1I1£pou, I, 5. 8. Plinii, Hist. natur. IV. 22 (12). 9. Hpofiorou, E', 31. 0 aut6c; tv E', 28 Aiyet: ..H Na~oc; WOOll1ovi'1 twv vl'Io(1)vltpOElpepe... 10. l:u<p.·B~aVliou, EK t(l)VtaVIKWVKat<1tltl tOI1l\v, Lipsiae 1839.atA. 207 Kal EKO.Aug. Meinekii, BtPOAivov 1849. 06A. 468. II. 6100WPOU,V. 52 Kanll1cixoo, Aina I, 41. 12. Plinii, Hist. natur. IV. 22 (12): ..Naxon Dionysiada a vinearum fertilitate alii Siciliam minorem aut Callipolim appellarunt ... 13. Bi~A1VOC; ltOtaI16e;, ~i~AIVOe;oivoe;. np~A. TO EVNa~(1)T6lt(1)V.Bi~Wc;. 14. I:TE<p.Bul:;aVliou, tve' av .. atA. 468. lilt Kal L. Preller - Karl Robert. Theogonie und Gotter, Berlin 1.8944, O&A.707. IS. A9'1vuioo I, 56. 16. touloa, Ac/;IK6v, tKO. Oxonii, T. II, 1834, OI:A.2558. 17. KtTJo{ou, IvlIlKQ 10 tv FHG, tKO. Dido!. . 18. Archilochi iambographorum principis reliquiae ult6lgnat. L.ebal. Vindobonae 1818. 0tA.. 160. 19. 610llwpou, V, 52. 20. EPVEOtOUKooptlou, NQ~oe;. I1ttcllppa<JIe;0. 6al1aAQ, Ev A&tivUle;

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16 A ({Jlep(J)jla 2!t m"OIJTOp".(OIJ.Bioe; 0T}otwe; 20. 29. Ea!pa:>"jJEvwe; 0 P. Decharme, Mythologie de la Grece antique, Paris (I KII4). O'r.:>". 453 Kal CUIlV. IIETCi!p p. I. OIKovojJiliTl (A91lval) 1925. at:>". 426. anoliilici to avwTcpw altoanaO'jJa ntpi TOUjlu90u TTle;AploliVTJe;£Ie; 10\' !p1:>"OOO!pOv <J)cptKliOIlVTOVtK I:upou. tvw route avtiKtl Cle;TOV10tOPIOYPo!pov <J)tpCKuSllvrov AtplOv. .10. npp:>". TOUe;aT1xoue; 52 - 75 TOUt1tl9a:>..ajJiou0tnlioe; Kal n'1:>..twe; toll KaTou:>"Aou.toue; oxotooc cvcltVEua9'1 0 Aativoe; 1t01'1tlle;£K TOUxwpioo tOI;tOU roo <J)tPCKUOoUC;. B:>".<J)1:>..inltou Iwawou. <J)I:>"OAOYIKO 1t0ptpya. A9"v1l01v 1874. en:>...161 - 163. 189 - 190. .11. FHG. EKO.Tn. Muller. I. Parisiis 1874. atA. 97. npoC; rourou; ~IOowpoe; 0 I:IKC:>"IWTIle;. IV. 61, :>"·i:YEI: "... jlU90Aoyouai ~Iovuaov cltl!pavtvta Kal lila to KanOe; t'1e; Aploov'1e; a!pcAojJt:VovtOU0'1otwe; t'1v nap9tvov. qtl\' aUT"v we; YllvaiKa ya·IlEtllv ayaltwllEVTJVIilalp£pOVTOO<;. Mcta yow T'1VTC~.CUt"vaUTIle;ola 'rTJv!pl:>..oompyiav a9avchwv Kata!;I<.iJO'al1IIlWV KaTaoTtpiaavta tOY cv oupavw ottlpQvov Apuiov'1e;". lot Kal Eparoo9. XapalCT.. 5 Kal OUidii. MClamorph. VIrI. 174 Kal nauaaviou. BIPA. 100v. 29.4. 32. n:>"outopxou. Bioe; 0T}OEWe;.20: ..01 jlEVyap altQy!;ao9a1 lpQaivauTIlv alto:>"cl1p9doav uno tOU 0'101:00<;.01 Ot Ele;No!;ov UltOvautwv KOjlla9daav nvcip(~ TWICpci TOUtl.lOvuaou auvOIKeiV. altOAEl1p9"val 0& TOU 0'1atwe; EPWVtOc;ct£pac;". B:>".Kal H. Jeanmaire. E. A. aEA. 223. .13. tl.IOOWpOU.V 51. .14. Nuv Zae;. 0 aTJjJcplvoe;Tun~ Zae; £ivai nOAulta:>"Q1oe;. 0 O. Gruppe IJItCOT~pl!;£V.011 0 rultOe;Zae; cltMa9'1 UltOtou !p1)..oaoljlOu<J)tPEKUOOUC;. npocpavwc; iva auvoljITl outOe; T'1VA. npoe; to p. ~'1v. TouTo Ii' ojJwe;&ivai aVQnOSCllCToV. KaTa tOY r. KOUPIlOUA'1V,r)..woO'a Kal AatpEla. At!;tKOypacplKov ~c:>"tiov.l:J.·. A91lval. 1942 - 48. at).,. 70. To oPoc; Zae; Olt1)p!;cTO OO'IlAOVtOU tl.10C;nalOoe; Kal to 9tatpov T'1e;an09Eti1O'EWe; Tile;ApuiliV'1e;. Eni tou opoue; roUtou. vljIOue;1000 jJCtpwv. napci Tlva ltTJy"v avaYIYvwoKojJev t'1V clttypaCPllv: .. 'OpoC; l:J.16<;jl'1).,wO'{oo". IG, XII. 5.43. .15. l:J.IOSWPOIJ. V. 51. Kato tOY Ano).,)..OOwpov.RIP).. f/'p. J:aPPar. ult6 A9av. nanalionou:>"ou - KEpajltwe; CKO.EVBovv'1 1891. Ot).,. 24. tl.IOvuaOC; cpaaOcie; Aplali\'T)e;"pnaat Kal KOjJioae;£1(; AIljlvov Ejliy'1, Kal YEwa 00aVTa. I:Tci!pu:>"ov.Olvoniwva Kal nciPTl90v. .16. tl.I00WPOIJ.IV. 61. Ouid;i. Metamorphos. VIII 181 KC. .17. nauaaviou. A'. 20.3. 3K. L. Preller - K. Robert, Theogonie K.).,It.cvS' avo atA. 715 - 718. T(J)v Wow. Die Griechische Jeldensage. tvS' aVOCA.686. Pauly - Wissowa. Real Encyclop. V, 1905, 1044 - 1046: Dionysos in der kunst. .AAAOt6 nO).,lvnapiatatal Cle; npoa(J)ltlliac; (J)C;l:J.16vuo~ BaKXOC;Kal wC;tl.16vuO'oC;Mtl).,iXIOC;.H. Jeanmaire, Dionysos. Paris 1951. atA. 17. 39. M. Nilsson. Griechiche Feste, Leipzig 1906. acA. 382 K&. 40. L. Preller - K. Robert, Die Griechische Jeldensage. E. a. aEA. 688. 41 ... Kata nooav tltcivooov tWV COptwv T(J)V,AtYEI0 KouptloC;. auvW-. OCIJ()\'01 Na!;IOI lleTa ~w'1pci~oUjJltaEle(oe;tTJvO).,Ao(WO'IV t'1e; IttPIICUKAoUaTJe;(j)llar.(llC;tv a).,aA.aYjlwKOIayaHlaatl E!;ayy£).,AoVTte;to It).,ooala oWpa t'1<;ajlltc).,ou Kal T(J)VcpElIVOIt(J)Plvwv KapltWv, vuv liEiii' Ejlna9wv 9p~\'(tl\' To\' KaTa CPUO'IV Ilapaallov Kal tTlv ono~~pavalv", EpvtO'toU KoupTioll, Nti!;oC;, IlcrOcpp. l:J.ajla).,a. Ev AG"vole; 1889. O'EA.17. 0 tltlcpav~C; y\~ilaT'1C;TT}e; apxaiac;- &H'1VIK"C;9PTJaKtlac; mart. Nilsson BV t'1 GeschichIe der Griechisehen Relision, Munchen, 1941. atA. 292 ).,lYEI:..Das naxische Fest errinert an orientalische Festgebrauche. die Trauer und die Freudebei den Adonien? der bemerkenswerte Unterschied ist aber. dass dort eine Gottin. nicht ein GOlt erseheint~. . 42. txo).,. nlvMpou. 0).,ujl1tl6v. Ir·. 2S - 26. 4J. m"Olltapxou, BloC;0TlO't(J)C;,20. 44. M. Nilsson. Gerschixhte der griechischen Religion. Munchen 1941. (Jr.).,. 292. 45. M. Nilsson. tv9' avo OCA. 292. TOUlolou np~A.. Griechische Feste. L.ciplill, 190(1.atA. JK2 - J84: Feste der Ariadne. AuatuxwC; &v elSov TO tpyov rov J. Meerdink, Ariadne, 1940. even unoat'1pi~cTal '1 altOljIlC;6n '1 Ajlloliv'l Oca tile; pAaO't"O'cwc;. 46. n:pa(J. Kaljla).,'1, tV M&yaAIl EH'1VIK~ EYIClIKAonalo.T. 5. A9l\val

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(19211) ar.).,. 471.

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78. To aUTOnepinou AEytTal Kal tv I:KUpoo.lot I. ~. naltayccJ)pyiou, AI Kal oro Tt)..Oe;youpOUVL. - 175. llit Kal AnoHoli6lpou, Blp).,lOa"K'1 Ill, 3 KOI L. Preller - Karl Roalt6Kpe(J) EVtICUPW,J\aoypacpia B'(1910), at).,. 45 K&. 69. N. r. nOAltou, EvS' avo aE)... 781. bert, Theogonie und Gotter, tvS' avo aeA. 684. 79. Ilcpl TOUtwv llit r.. A. Mtya. ZTltlljlata EAA'1VIK1)C; Aaoypacpiae;, 70. Avccolveo«; N. r. rAt~ou, EtWv 60. 48.. A!;lov O'TljlEIWatwe;sivar OTi t'1V UltOt(J)VTupnvvrev Ittlpatwv uptCOX·I", cvdrunov tK T'1C;EltEt'1pil\oc; TOOAaoypacplKou APXclou tTlC;A71. AElTJva38 (1926) aEA. 5 - 9. nayTjv roo l:J.lOvUaouunmviooetrn 0 EuplltiliTle; cv KUKA.Wltl.or. 10 KC. 72. EIC;rc It&lilVcixwpia tTle;vricou tOUe;O'Ip~ouv Kata tae; soprdc t(J)V KaOTlllioe;A9Tlvwv 1943 - 1949, A9Tjvai 1950, at)... 71 Kal K. Pouciou, AaIn)..aaTlKwe; Ii' altooloctal aut'1 Etc;to XOP'1YIKOV uvnusiov TOUAualKpciKEC;)..atpEiEC;tTlC;0paK'1e;, APXEiov 0paKIKOu J\aoypo!pIKOUKal rAwaolXprcrouyevvov. TOUe;(334 n.Xp.) npl3).,. Kal Ouidii, Metamorph. 111.576 Kal Novvou, ~IOKOU0'1aaupou, tOIl IA', Ev A9l\volc; 1944 - 1945, aE).,. 99, evOa Kal Tlax£73. 0 apxaloc; aaKau).,oc;. vualaKa, J\E, 105 - 108 Kal AltOAAOliwpou, BIPAI09. ITI. 3. 74. B)". N. I:cpupotpa, 01 altOKpt£C;or ' AltEp090U, cq>TJjJ·«Nru;laKov TlKIl npoYEVEattpa ~lp).,lOypa!pio. 49. Euplltiooo, Baqal, at. 1017 - 1019. 80... To i:9ljJo tTJC;(tv 0pciK'1) tUPIV"C;AtuTEpaC;elvat TOcpruercpo Itajl1:AAov",!pu:>".50, A9~val 15 <J)E!3pouapiou 1939. SO. lot Dionysos in der kunst EVRE. V (19OS) 1044- 1046 KOIL. Pretler 75. Flepi tWV KOUOOUvQt(J)v KOta roue Iltooue; XpOvoue;lot Du Cange, ev PciOEIYjlajJtac; EUcrTlPIK1)C; TE:>"UIlC; evminc, ItOUSlaTTlPEiTal0" o).,oue;toOC; K. Robert. Die Griechische Heldensage , E. a. ac)... 686. Ttov AUTWV.TheoEHTlVIKOUe; TOltOue;jJe nOIKi).,ce;jlOpq>£C; Kat ovoucro ... K. Prouulou,tvS' aA. KWOwVaT~, 0'£)... 774. " . gonie K.AIt. E.O. at).,. 715 - 718. 76. Ta EKT'1e;OOjlltac; l(tu~llaTa, tltEllil\ to !;uAov rooro Elval llaAaVWT. oe).,. 130. BA. Kal H. Jeanmaire, e. a. oeA. 325. 51. nl9avov EVTau9a UltOKElvtal Tt:>"Eta(roiv EaplVwv Kal XEljltPlvWV 82. AOUKcavOU,nepllical3o).,. 16, rou. Ill, aE).,. 146 N. r. noAiTOO. neKOV.oUO&jliavtltlq>&POUVl3).,a!3Tlv. ~lOvooiwv. paMaclC; B:(1904) au. 1271. 77. nEpi TOUE9ijlou TOUtOUaltaVTwVtOC;EVI:upw tOe I. n. I:locPll, 01 52. 1. G. V. Griechische und Albanesische Marchen. Leipzig 1864,oE)... ZE~ltEK (t9;lla tOOVAlt6KPE(J)Vcv I:upw), Aaoypa!pia l:J..(1914), aEA. 55974 - 77. 571. 53. N. r. no).,(tOu, Me)..eTTJtlti TOUI310uT(J)Vvt(J)tepwv EHl\v(J)v, tOjl. A . , Neod)" '1VIK1)jJu60)..oyia. IltpoC;A' • Ev A9l\valC; 1871. aE)...43 - 44 Kal nOpaliOO'EIC;,TOIl·A', Ev A9l\vale; 1904, atA. 88 - 99. 54. H apXala EHIic; tv t11 vta. tpyav nOITl9&vUltOKouptiou Bru;jlOe>90u... KOI Ilttalppa09tv ult6 Ejljl. raAavou Ii. cpoEv K&epaA)"nvla, 1868. aE).,. 16 - 17. 55. Ev9' avwt. aEA. 16. 56. N. r. no).,itou. napali6oEIC; B'. Ev A9"vale;, 1904, atA. 779 - 780• tvSa Kal al napanollltai ttc; tOue; aVaIpEpojl&VOue; apxa1oue; auY'YPaqtE~. 57. ncpi roUTOu1St Hermann Usener. Der heilige Tychon. Leipzig - Teubner 1907. To EPYOVyvwpi~(J)jl6vov an6 PIP)..loKplO'iav Snlloaltu9E1aav EIC;ta Analecta Bollandiana, XXVIII (1909), 119- 123. un6 H. D. To I:uvo~aplOv tOU Ayiou llit tv An. Boll. XXVI. Bruxel. 907, 229 - 232. 58. Bioe; Kal ItOAltEia &VtltltOjlW TOUoalou notp6e; '1jlwv Kal 9aujlaTOUPYOU TUXOlVOe; (tK tOU noplolvou KWOIKoc;1488, O'EA.39 - 43). Anal. Bollandiana. tOjl. XXVI. Bruxelles 1907. at).,. 231. 59. NIKOS"jlOU AylOpeltou. I:uva~apIO't"C;. TOjl. B', A91)v'1al 1868• at).,. 208: To 9aujla tTlC;cpurEliaewe;ICA"jlaTOC;. npl3).,. Kal M. J. Rarisot, La benediction liturgique des raisins EVRevue de I' Orient Chretien. tOil. IV (1899). O'e)... 354 - 63. 60. Oscar Dahnhardt, Natursagen, TOil. I. 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o ipCompXor; Ttlr; Nd.{ou naxouj,uix'!r; M1CaporG71euS01[OIei rour; Karoilcour; rou XWPIOUt/llMiJrl, nou elVa! rpeovM tOU,KaOwr; Kal rwv c.U..twv XWPIWVOnou Pp(uKovral llTtore).e(r;rou, 'orl oev napalrelral ano ra lptoOOapXIKo.rou olKalwpara Kal on uro e~~r; 80. fa OieKOIK~uuplpwva p.e tlr; uuv~Oeleds. To tyypa.cpo auto Oa el;£taaT£t ruput£pa OEauto to 6p8po, n£plOpl~ol1aOT£ ~ovo va avacptpou~£ £SOl to OXOAIOautO onO'\)y{v£tal tp£le; cpop~e;~v£(a Yla tT'Jcp£ouSapxla. To tyypa(jlo XPOV01..qy£ltal ano to 1667. tvav alwva n£p(nou ~eta t'1v tOUPICIKT\KatOXtl aT'1 Nel~o: to 0XOAtO StX£tal AOlnov oav O£OOl1tvoT'1V £nlP{oo011 &v6e; OUaTT\l1atO<;£1C~taAA£UO'1<;OUTlKOUxapalCttlpa. aKO~'1 Kal uot£pa anO tvav alwva I1£Telt'1V tOUPKllCilKataICT'10'1. Ito cipOpo auto i(Oual to epWTTJl1citOU va lCaTavoiloou~E eelv Ot'1V rcEpi7tTOO011 TOUXOOPloU4IiMlltt. ~rcopou~E va ~IM~£ Yla enl~ ~fooo'1 evoc; aypotlKou. cp&OUoapxllCoUouotil~atoc; elCl!£telAA.eu011<;OUTIKOUTunou. lCal TOVtporco 11&tOY orco(o S'1~IOUPY1W'1IC& auto to cpa\Vo~£vo.

tono; rOD tP,AorlOV

23

Y'1<;.OUI1(Poov'1TlKO misiariko Kal nA11PWVEIIJEp(O£C;t'1<; OUYKOIJI1372 ~ TO 1667 nOAAa ano ra onoiu 0T'II.l00{ruo£ 0 Z£pAevt'1C;3. Otl<; O TOV'1Y£l1ova Kal aTOVnpwto XOOpIKO. KaTa ouvt7tEla. rc rniMac; etvai yvOO(Jt(I£n(o'1C;~£PIKci ciHa tyypa(jla nou npotpxovtat siariko Kal 01 tpiT£<; anE~'10aV anA.O:OU~q>(I)V'1T1Kci l1io9ooo'1<;OE ano to apxElo tOOVBarozzi Kal ro nEjnoOOt£pa ano ta oxotc xpoilIa nepiooorepo £A£UO£p'1OIKOVOI1IKl'i ouvaHay1\. vOAoyouvtal KUpiooc;ano to XVII aul>va. nptnEI va 0'1~EI009&(Ott ''1 oUAAoyil ou~~oAa(oov Kal ta unoAolna tyypa.(jla, cvnxctompt1:'t'l Na~o. av<lpoonol 11 ya(£<;IJrcopouv va unOK£IVtal es telos. H ~ouv t'1 9tA'10'1 tOU Giacomo Barozzi va anoOEi~El t'1V l)7tap~'1 Atl;11telos uno0'1Awv£1 ~u~avtlvtl npo&A.wo'1. OT'1VnpaYl1atlK6nov '1YE~OVlK6)VolKa.lOO~eltOOV nou tOU a~(jllo~'1tOooaV". 1:T'1V npay~atlKO't'lta, £ival OIEKOlKTtOEIC; unOtlOt~EvOOVolKalOO~citoov T'1ta o~oo<;npOKEltal yla aU~cpupl1a O(jl£IMllVnOIKiA'1<;npotA£U: 011<;. nou OA£<;txouv npxerd n£pLOpIOIJ£V11nOOOO'ClKtlO'1l1aoia: Kl 0XI rcelVta anood~£IC;. 1:tle; il011 yvOOOtte;n11Y&C;tOU ZEpHvt'1 npo09ttOU~E Ilia elyv(I)(Jtll ~PXI oill1epa n11yil: ru tOUPKIKel(jl0- • tva<; KOKKopac;.tva v0111011a.'Onoo<;11tph11 Kal to misiariko, to telos I1nopouo£ va £1t\~A'10£[ oov 11(09000'1cmv £AEUO£p'1OIKOpOAoYld KataOtlxa nou OUVtelX911KaVto 167OS. VO~IKtl auvaHaytllO• Ilptv npoxoopt\OOO~EOt'1V n£plypacpt\ tllC;'1Y£l1ov{ae;TOU4I1A.(I)1:t11 Ncil;o; onoo<;mOavov Enlo'1<; Kal OE OPIOl1tva a.Ha VllOlci noe, elvai Xp."01110 va aVa(jlEpOOU~&7t&pIA'1nnKa oro aypotUCO tOOVKUKAaooov.unTtPxav apK£tci O'1l1avtlKE<;o)'Ot'1t£<; ymwv nou, KaOeOtWC;lCal lCupiooc;aT'1V£K~etciH£uo'1 tOOVI1Eya).oovtYY£loov1euv aypOtlKE<; '1yEI10OIOK't'lOlWVOt'1 Ncil;o ano 'C11).,anvIK" rcep(oSo ooc;t'1V tOUPKIKT\. Ot'1V n£pintoooll t'1<; Ncil;ou. O£OOPtl011Kav v(£<; xou uvrnnoxptvovtuv all EVVOI£C; T11C;outlKl1C;(jleouoapxiac;. 1:uvaVtatal 0).'1 '1 yvOOOt"opoAoy(a roo AatlVOKpatOU~£vou MoH ioroptc autwv tOOvo).,ot*oov ouvoljliaT'1K£ OEA[Y£<;H~£I<; ano pt~. 116T'1 Olacpopel 0~00<;Otl rn i:yypacpa tll<; Nal;ou £IvaI xspicOOtEPO rcpoocpaTa: XpoVOAoyouvtal ano ta t£).£uTala XPovla t11<; tvav va~IWt'110tOPIK6 tOU ttAOUC;TOUXVIII alwva. tOYIgnaz Lichtle: AanVllC"<;KaToxilc; (XV - XVI alwvae;). 'Eva; yaLOKtT\l1oVac;unoPOUOEva tXEl Ot'1V KaToxil tOU 1C01111anY'1<;&iTE11£"eA.£U9£pot> ,,0 nptbtot; .douKar;,peta tnv eYKarciutamj tOOatn Na~o, e(xe titAO lOIOKt'1oiae; (elevtheros) lCal va t'1V' EICI1E'ran£U£tal 01t00C; POlpaUt.I urour; uuvrp6lpoor; rou ra pouvci tOO v'1UIOU,npaypa OtA.El.T\£m~pul.li:"'1 11' tva OU~CPOOV'1TlICO ~EPllCil<;~loOooo'1<;11£ nou rour; anclpepcno..t..td: c516n tKr6r; an6 ra «ouuaua Y'1r;nou KanOlov £pyaT'1 Y'1<;(Kopiastis ri Kontouvernaris)6. Ta oUI1~oA.ala unopooaa» va aneipoov, Kal Py6l.ave wpafo a1f(ipI, napaxwaUta. l1oVll10UxapalCtilpa. avTilCouv O£ OUOKa't'lyopi&e;. av ,Kal poouav pI'. r'1 x.pov/(i.ro pouv6 ue poaKoOr;nou y,a va ro VOIKUiOt'1 Nal;o 11olalCplO'1 l1£ta~u tOOVSUo autwv Kat'lYOplWV t£IV~1 uovv nou.l.ovaav pia U'1paVrlK~ nou6r'1ra ruplOv: Kal KaBwr; va £ICAe{IjI&l. To OUI1~OA.alOt'1<; lCat11yopiae; nou ovol1a~&tal mlra pouvd aora Oewp06vro tp'1pa (perd r'!v tOOPKIK~Kardxt'1siariko e{ val no).u YVOOOtO arco p~avnvt<; n'1yt<;· ouvavteltal KUurI), fa er~ala OIKalwpara nou cnpenc va nA.trPWvel0 wpevr'1r; piooe;Ot'1v n£p{nt(I)(J'1 onou tva KOl1l1el'tlY'1<;oiv£tal ano tva yalO(!fOur; Mcyc.Uour;Hycp6v~ ~Tav nf.Vlx.po..'Opax; avr6 nou KDICTTil10vao· tvav £PYelt'1 Y'1<;yla va (jlUttljl£1otvtpa Tial1n&A.la.I1E .l.dxeuf.ax6pa neplau6rcpo r'1 rpl.l.oc5ol;iarwv '1Yf.pOVWV ~taV avt{tll1o to 110V~0 ollCa(OOl1ava A.al1~av£1tva l1i:po<;'t'l<;OUyKO~I6rl 01 Killle{JY'1rec;Kal 01 pouKoi TOur;~rav axeJ6v UK).d.POI oTi<;(nou o£v &ival urcoxpeOOtlKelto 111(0)7. H aAA.11Kat'lYopia. 11 nou 6rpelA.avva rour; uvvot5e60uvat. KdOenepl7rrwu'1, 1c5(wr; 6tpit11. 11terzaria. ouvavtatal tOlait£pa otav npoK£ltal Yla KaArav n~yalvav ara ec!OX"carovr;, axOA.ouOwvrat;at; areA.eIWrer; AI£PYilOI110UC; aypoUc;. M£ ilIa ooopeci,(empatikion tl kaniski) OtOV uelptr;, p.eTwpepovrat;ra bemA.a, fa POOXa.ra nauS,don pno11YEJ1Ova.0 XOOPIICO<; anolC'tel to 110vll10 OIKaiool1ava KaHI£py£i por5ue re).O(17taVTWV va a~~af.l r,! auvoOtfa.. ll• £Va xoopacpl, 11£t11Vunoxpt(l)011 va KatapciHEI ~po<; T'1e;OUyKO~to1\e;. To JJ£piOlOauto onelvta elVal to tva tpito: Ot11Nel~o nOlH ouyxpOV'1 &nllVIKTi 10ToplOypacpia KaOopi~&1ta ouvoAa aUTel KiAA£1avaAoya JJ£to OUI1CPoov'1t1KO, ouvilOooe;01100<; cp9av£1TOttnou anOt£AOuvtal ano A£II1WV£<;Kal KaHlepyiloll1ou<; aypouC; tapto 't11<;OUYKO~IOil<; tOU Oltaplou tOU X£ll1wva. 01 vtomOl \..fcouda .. il ..fimaria .. (Atl;11 tOUPlCllCtlItOU011l1a[v£1 £iSoe; otpaOtOPIlCO(elSav Ot'1V tp(tll ~Ia A.aTlvllcil«cpeouoapXlKil» KaIVOtOtlOOTlKOU(ccptouoou.. OT'1V OOOOl1aVlK1\ aUToKpatOpia). 01 £P~'1I1ta. Auto Oev 1101el~£1aA,,9£la: 11 lCatapoAt\ anO toue; ayp6TE<; v£(&<;01100<; aUtte; £IvaI no AU ).avOaOI1EvE<;. Ta naAalel tyypacpa OtOV "llYE~oVa,. I1tpOue,;t'1e; OUYKO~IOile;.rcou oVOl1el~UalgeomoT'1<;Na!;ou ava(jltpouv y£vlKa t'1V ovojlaoia topos (ltOU£ivai '1 &Arion I gemora. morti. ~stir tl Tp(t11/terzarial terragium £Ivai tva A'1VIK1\&KOOX1'I 't'le; M~'1<;casale nou urcoo11Awv£1TI<;aypOtlKte; '1(jlalVol1£VOapK£ta £~arc).ool1tvo OtOUe;rcapaAlouc; torcouc; tOU AtYEl1ovi£<;Otle; Aoo(~£C; T11e;Poul1av{ae;). 0 ISIOKtiltl1e; £\fOe; topos yalou8. oVOI1cil;ua'l «avthentotopos» 1\ anAa «archos ... 0 topos avacptp&tal £~ioou OUXVelJJ£'t'l At~'1 paskoulo (A.eII1WV)· '1 tOUPKIKilOlO{K110'1 XP1101110nole{tI<; A.t~£l<;«otlak .. tl ccdbal .. nou 0'1l1a1v£1 ~UVOI2. 1:u~cpoovaI1E1tl1yil 'lOU 1670.11 Nal;o<; apI0I10UO£ 56 Tonoue,;autOU tOU £ioou<;. To o£oo~tvo auto ytvOTav nelvtot£ O&KTO00<;tvo£Il;'1 t'1<; Katciotao'1e; rcou £nlKpaToooE lCaTel't'l OlelpKElaT'1<;A.a'ClvIKile;lCuplapx(ae;l3. 'Onooe; £In£ 0 Lichtle. 0 topos &(val Otl1Vouo(a tvae; OpEIVOe;xwpoe; 'lOUorco(ou ta t£l1ciXla I1nopouv va XP'101110rcot'180uv Yla 01tOKaA).IEpYllla. ou~cpoova naVTOt£ 11' tva OUI1CPOOV'1tlKO tpit'1<;. Mual;u tOOVop{oovEVOe;torcou unapxouv t£jlelXla YTI<;EA.eUO£p'1C; tOlOKt'1o(a<; nou avT\Kouv O£ XOOPIKOUC; 1\ aKo~a lCal OE elAAOue;I1£YaAoue,;Aatlvoue; 1010Kt"t£<;. M' aUTOVtOY tp6rco, 0A.ee;autte; 01 yalEe; Katal3ciHouv telos atov 1010Kt*'1 tOU


o ronol;

24 Iatopia tOpoS14.MOAI~OUAM:yei11OUYKo~t15tlTOUorrcpiou, 6AO~0 topos eivat EAEU9EpOe; yta rn Kona15ta TOU11YE~6vati onotOu15tlnoTEaAAOUnou tn 15EXETatEVaVTlKIlnOIOUTl~t\~aTo~l5. :ETllvnpay~aTlKOT11Ta,aUTOTOYEYOVO~auvloTa ~ta KaTaoTao11 onoo uto l15toKT110ia ~olplil;uat ~ETa~u 060 yatOKT11~6vrov:svav EKTpoq>EaKt Evav KaAAl£PYllTtl. 0 archos, EKTpOlpEa~,Elvat npOVO~tOUXOe; OT11VnpooTaoia rev au~q>Ep6VTroVTOU:uovov aUT~ anoq>aoi~EI edv OTOVEAeugepo ayp6 npEnel va IpTlaXTOUV IppaXTE~tl ~6Vl~~ q>uT£ie~(15£vTpa, KAtl~aTa) nou nEptOpi~ouv T11VEM:u9Epia KtVtl- I oeroe; rtov Kona15tcl>v.0 11YE~ovae;TOUtopos anoAa~j}aVEt aKo~l1 Kat ciAAa npovoui«, Kupiroe; navro OTOVEPOnou n11YIil;Etano TO POUVOTOUtopos Kat navro OTO~ ayp6Te~ nou KaTEXOUvTO~ KaAAtepytiOt~OU~ aypoix; TOUtopos ~E ou~j}6AatO TpiT11~Kat nou elvai unoxpEro~EVOt va Kcivouv Epyao(ee; onroe;aUTEe;nou nEpttypaljIe 0 Lichtlel6•

TOVTOVTpono, 01 11510KttlUC;rtov topoi E~alCoAou9oooav va anoAa~pavouv ru {/ha npovouic xou anoA6~j}avav Kal xpiv t11v TOUPK1KtlKataKt11011' 01 aypOtEC; rrou KaH1Epyouoav nc; ya{Ee; rtov topoi tltav ano OtKOVO~IKtlanOljlll (Kal apyOtEpa ano OIOIIC11tlKtl) ci~Eoa unoTEAEie;TOUC;.

rou I/JzAorlOv

25

~IEP11~l1tKTao11 es ~la anootaOll nep{nou oo>15eKaXtAIO~ttprov, va avtloTa9Ei Ot11 yaAAIKtl 1tOAtttKtl, xoo q>IAo15~ouoe va EMovo tva noM ~IKp6 KO~~atl rou eMIpO~ KanlEpyouVTav, to 15paloooEtrnv smppon T'1~on~ AanvlKec; KOtVOT11TEC; rmv V110100V TOU Atyaioo. untlP~t OE noHEe; n£ptOTaOEle; nproTayrovlOttle; uno)..01no XP11oi~EueYla M:l~OOvac;:AKo~l1lCal toopa, tva ~EyaAo ~tpoc; tOU nA119uo~ou OtO flIl)..OOn-nou otl~pa stvci tva no)..u p{alrov tapaxoovJS• AKOJ.la, 0 Zorzeto ayopao£ TO 1620 ano svav ~eyaAo xroptO ~E 300 VOtKOKUPlll- e~aolpaAi~el ta ~oa EnlpironAouOlO EAA'1VUto E~OXIKOan in nou E~ola~E ~E Oxupo, 0 pyrgos, t'1~ IC\)plapxla~ ttov Barozzi otic; tOO ano 'fa KonaSta nou P60Kouv OtOUc;~EyliAouC;AE1J.lOOVec; nou anotEAEoE .ano tote TOaUJ.lPOA.O TOUpouvoo (oi naAaw{ topoi) 01 oxotor OtlJ.lEpa elvci tOlOKt11oia OTOflItAoon. Tov 15taoEXT'1KE 0 ytOC;TOUGiacomo-e. 0 Giacomo a:ETTlvnpaYJ.latIK0tTIta, Ot nAoum6TEpot KatolKol tOO vneioo -<T!l1V nAElOljI'1q>iatOO~ AaTivOI Kat J.lEPllCoi 'EAA11VEC;Kat t'1C; KOlVOt'1TaC;flIIAcl)tl28. yopaoE noJ..A£~ya(E~ OTOClIIAOOtt, nl9avov xap'1 <T!OyaJ.lJ.loTOUTO TOUPKOIEn'1VLK"e; KaTayroytle;- E~anatOuoav tO~ EntgeroP'1tEe; 1641 ~E ~la nAOUOta KAl)POVOJ.lO, T'1VCatarina Sommaripa, ovno nup1\vae; t11C;naAalac; '1YE~ov{ac;tOU Giacomo Barozzi 15\(.- IjIla tOU tEAEUta{ou '1ytJ.lova t'1C; 'Av15pou. 0 Giacomo Barozzi t11C;nUA'1e; nou 1ttlyalvav va eKtL~tlOOUVt11Va~{a ~rov yatoov. TIe; ~op(j)oo911lCeano tOY topos tOU flIIAronou. flIa(vual Otl 0 topos npo09EoE onc; KttlOEIC;tOU OTOflI1Aoon1toAlouC; YEltOV1KOUC; tonapoooia~av EUteA£OtEpEC;an' Ott titav, EVWOT'1Vnpay~atlKO<T!'1vopoAoy{a ttov '1YE~ovrovun1\p~E xepiocorepo EKtEta~EVOe; poi, onro~ T11e;flItvtAla, apxerri ~EYtUO, T11e;OIKOYEVEI~Bianche t11Ta tO~ anEOtSaV o'1~avnKa KEpS'12J.H Kata<T!aO'1nou emano tOY topos nco neplYpOlpOUVTa ToopKIKa IpOPOAoytKaKataKat 060 J.llKpOUe;topoi nou avt;Kav avti<T!olxa Otic; olKoytvElac; KpatOUOE ano naAaloTaTrov xpovrov e{XEIpoj}eptl amjx'1Oll OtOUe; O'tIXa <T!a 1670, H OVOJ.laToAoyiatrov 11Ye~6vrov1tEptAaJ.lpavEI Gigli Kal RuggieriJ8. tAA'1v~ KaTo{KOUe;Trov XroPLOOV Ot onoiOl, KaAl..1Epyouoav Ta EKt11v KOIAaoa, to XroPIOKal Tl~ 1tAaYIEe;tOU pouvou OTa vOtlOavaxtporo~Eva TJ.ll'JJ.latatrov topoi xropie; va J.lnopouv va lCaAUtEpEUtOA1ICa,EVOO ta ToupKIKa IpOPOAoYIKaKata<T!lxa 1t£ptAaJ.lpaVOuv 01 nlO 1tUAUtee;J.lapTupiE~ltOUeXOUJ.lEOXEnKa J.lETl)VEK~£TaAOOuVta EooM TOUe;J.lEt11 q>UteuOl)StVTProVtllCA11J.laTrov.AK6J.l11, Topoi avaq>EpoVTat eniOlle; Kat oe OptO~Eva ciAAav11ola. :ET11v 9Eropoooav to tJ.ltlJ.lat11e;OUYK0J.ltStle; J.lovov nc; nAaYlee;29.rupro OTO 1400 nep{nou, TOClIti..OOtt nEpttlA9E AEOO11tOO topos tou ClI1ArotlOtiXPOVOAOYOUVTaI ano T11VEnox1\ nou tnpEnE va EqroPtl0ouv . Av15po, Ta ou~pOAata Tpit11e;neptAci~j}avav n~ i15tE~epyaoiE~ 6~ava 0TTlv KaroXtl dnotou Pascale de Milan <pEouOapx'1tOOoou<T!OV'1y&~ova nlO cl;euteAtotlK6 an6 tOue; TOUPKtKOUc; tYYEtOUe; TOUTeAo~ TTlC;AanVtK1\e;Kuplapxia~ 15'1Aa151\ ano TO 1561 Kal ano nroe;Kat OT11N~o. :ET11MllAO ~tAOUVyta «voskoi", - Aet~OOVee; Ka'tou tTlC;Na~ou. Auto~ 0 Pascale eival m9avov 0 (15lOC; J.lETOV TO 1570. H npOOT'1J.lapTupia 15iV£1TO OUVOAIKOnooo TroVteli oe 1p0po~. npoona90uoav Aomov va KEp15ioouv ano to :EouAtaVO uno1511AoovovTae; ~' aUTOOUYKpOTtl~aTal15iou Tonou ~E T11e;Ncimastro Pascale aurefice, oTJJ.laVTtKOnpoorononou ava<pepEtal oav XPtl~ata (perperi Kal soldi), Ot tp{tEC; 15ivoVTatat KaaOpIOJ.ltvE~ T'1V ava{pEo11 t'1C; lCatal3oAtlC;T'1e;Tpit11e;nou T'1Vnapooo{a~av ~OU,evoo Ot Aet~OOVee; TOUPOUVOUT11e;KE~ onou Ta 15tKatoo~aTa oav tOuPK1KOIpopo EK~I09roJ.ltvo Otouc; 11yeJ.lovEe;trov topoi np6nA11p£~oUOloc;anEotaA~Evo~ tOU OoulCaGiacomo A' Crispo Otic; nOOOt11tEe;: TO Ottapl Kal ta q>aOOAlaOEpinachi, to llaAAi OE AiTroVKaHtEpY11TOOve~apTOOVTalano eKElVaTO~ yalOKTtl~ova / e151anpaYJ.latEuOE1C; Yla to ya~o t'1e; a15tAq>tle;tOU Petronella ~E to ppe~. H llaptUp{a tOU 1570 E~aKoAou9Ei va 15(vel ta teli OExpTjJ.la9uJ.lot va nA'1pwvouv OTOUC; TOUPKOue;Ta maktu nou lCattpanav KTpOlpta, 01t(1)e;<T!llVnepinTroo11 T11e;Nci~ou, ovO~ci~OVTatvolai17• pEVetO nupyo15EonoTTltou Modon. 0 EY'YOVOe; autou TOUPascale, Ta (OE opIOllevee; ~ovov neplnToooele; OEcops tl capons), l) tplt11601 11YE~OV£C;. H npOOT'1eKp11~l1 15ooapEoKel~ eKS11Am911KE Aiyo apXoVT~ OtO flIlloon J.lEta ano EKeivoV (<<napaxwpoooe ta OtJ.lroe;Sev Ka90pi~ETal at aKplp1\ nooOT11taJ9. ClIaiv£tal On KaTa t'l J.lETaTO 164024• Me TTlVEUKatp{a TTle;~eyaA'1e;a1toypalptle; yla toue; AUTOe;Ka9auTOe; topos, 15evExet Ka~ia 0XE011~E T1115uTlKTj q>E- tOUPK1KOix;q>opo~ nou eywE to 1670, A6yro T11e;anoKata<T!a011e; 15lapKEla t11e;AanVtKtle; IC\)plapxiac; 01 tpitEe; J.lEtapA1\911KavOEaKalOOJ.latatrov A61J.lOOVroV OEj}OOICOUc; Kal enalpvE Tl~ tp{te~") "tav ou15apx(a: oUTeOt ayyapElEe; OUTE11Tph11 15evElvat anoKAEtOTlKO- t11C;TOUPK1KtlC; o Nicolo Ruggieri. :ET11OuvEXEla, to flI1Awn nepaoE OTONicolo, KPIPdC;nOOOt'1tEC;(aUTOlpaiVETal £1t(0'1~ Kat a' eva Eyypa<po T'1e; &nlpoAtlC;~ta ano J.l{anep{ooo Kuplapx(ac; trov T11Te~15UTlK£e; trov onoirov 11unap~11 one; KUKAclOEe; 15ev9a ~noYl6 tOU Januli da Corogna lCal t11C;Maria, KOP11e;tOU Nicolo TTjvou tOU 1456), EVOO KaTa t'1v 09ro~aVlKtl KuplaPXla 01 tp{tec; BEVUWVKata t11 OlapKEla tOU noAEJ.lout11C;Kptlt'1e;, 01 11YE~OVEC; pouoe va ep~'1v£Uge{napci ~ovo ~e t11v EtOayroytl EnElta t11e;Aantrov topoi KaTop9rooav va aVnJ.lETronioouv TTlve~eyepo11 trov aRuggieri nou e{X6 OT11VKatol'tl tOU tOY topos ota ~Eoa tOu XV (~ava) EYlvaVt~1\J.lata t11e;oUYKo~t15tlC;40. rE YEVtKee;ypa~J.lec;,auVtKtle;KaTaKTTl011e;.OPtO~EVOt topoi EXOUVOptOtEl oav IpEou15a, YPOTOOV aloova, av lCat <T!a~eoa tOU XVII aloova, oplo~evt~ KttlOttC; avt;TO9a npEnEI va uno15'1AoovElunOplpaOJ.lO T'1C;geOllC;TrovaYPoToov. Kal va KEp15ioouvT'1Vavayvooploll T'1e;geo'1C;TO~2.S.rne; npciy~a nou 15EvaValpEpETat OT'1VEOroUptKtl 15tOiK'1011TOUTonou: apxEe; TOUXVIII aloova, '11t{E011trov aYPOToovEVTe{VEtal,EVOO 11 Kav alCoJ.la <T!'1vOIKOYEVetaRuggieriJo. 0 KMOoe;TroVOa CoroKata TO XVII atoova, 15la1tlOTOOvEtal~la Taxe(a au~'1o'1 TroV '1 AU;'1IpEOu150aValpEpUat ~ovo Otle; 0XEOEte;~Eta~u tOU'1YE~ova nUA'1 lpaiVEtal A1YOt6POSlate9El~eV'1npOe; toue; Aativouc; Kato{gna nou E{XEouyyev£la J.lEtO~ Ruggieri Stv unaPXEl OTOyEVEatou tonou Kat tOU 15ouKaI8.:Et'1v nep{nTroOl) tl)e; Na~ou Elva I IpaAoY\KOSevtpo noo KatapTlo£ 0 Hopf yta T'1VolKoytvEla Oa CoKttlO£rov toU 11YE~ovatOU flIlAroTtOUJ.lEayopte;41. AUTOnl9avov va KOU~TOUV11010U,uno1ttoue; Yla ouv6pyao(a J.lETOUe;EX9pouC;TOU VEPOOTtOEVelvat O)..OtOt topoi q>touOaKat on o)..a ta IptouOa 15Ev :EouATavou Kal EVOO 116nlppotl tOU EAA11VtKouOT01XE(OUOt'1v 0I'Ogna' nt9ava TO YEveaAOYIKO15evtpo 1tOUKaTcipnoE 0 Hopf va ouv15eEtat ~e T'1 011~aoia nou ntlPc to EJ.lnOpIOe15roSiJ.lrovOtO At£ivat topoi. rT'1V ooola, Ot topoi Elvat aKaXAtEpY'1TE~ya{ee; npoe; E{vat EVJ.lepEIOIKtle;tOU EnW0'10'1~. rt11 auveXElo, to flItAwn neyalo OtiC;apx£c; tOU XVII aloova, o'1~aoia nou aU~tl9'1KE 1tEplO9ro~avuct\ aUAtl E{XEaU~119E{.'YoTEpa ano a{T'1~a trov xroplKmv, paoE OE ICMSo TOUOoUIC1KOU O{KOUtrov Crispo. Ot M:1ttO~epEle~ EqEpo(OO'1nOU 11"Signoria" (0 15ooKae;)napaXOOpl)OEuno TTl~opOOTEPOKata T'1 SlapKEla TOUnoAEJ.lOut'1~ KPtlT'1C;(1645 - 1669), OTaA9'1KEevac; EnI9Erop11ttl~ yta va KaTapt{ott vea <P0poAoYllca oTav OTpatO~ Kat Otolo~ PpiOKOVtav <T!OAlyaio. Ta nAouT11Trov Iptl IpEOUOOO tl oav EA&nO~evll EA&u9&P11 ICttl011.0 ota~&)..tO~Oe; KaTaonxa. MEta ano ~la nEplooo 15la~axoovonoT£ EmpAtl9'1lCe11 t11~ 151a15oXtlC; auTt;C;~aC;e{vat ayvroottC;. rvropi~oo~e J.lOVOon 0 Jacopo, vo90e; TOUoouKa Guillelmo B' Crispo (1453 - 1461) EAape autoov TroVaKaHlepytlTrov yaulw Ot onoi&e;, t600 OtO Bu~aVtlO 10XUPOOV yalolCt11J.l0vroV.TroVnAtov Kata)..AT)Arovva anOK0J.l{OOUv npoot'1 q>opoAoy(a, ot'1 oovexela anoPP{lp9'1K£ 15totl EUV00006 ano tOY natEpa tOU to 1453 eva yeltOV1KOnpoe; to flItAOOtltopos 0 600 Kat OT11.iuo11 geropouvtat Otl aVtlKOUVanoKAEtOtlKci OTO no AUTOUC;Aat{vo~ Kat aVT1Kata<T!a9'lICEtEAOC;J.lEJ.lla 1p0POAOKEp15o~ano aottl tT)v KataOtao'1, TO~ 151EUKOAUV£ va E~ayopa.i'1~OotO Ta~E{o, oev EntlAge ~ovo~lCie;~E npa~l1 tOU npooTouoOU- yia n£ptoootepo euvolKtl Yla tOUe; 'EAA11vEC;,alCoAou911oEOT'lV onoio~ ro~ tOT£ anOt6AOUOEtJ.ltlJ.latOU OOUK11C0U to~ta. H npa~'l oouv t'1v EUJ.ltvElat'1v TouPKroV npay~a nou tOUe;ouveq>Ep£ Yla Ka onroe;ypalp&t 0 Lichtle, aHa ~Eoa ano OlaplCtl dV'l0'119. 0 to&oPE~ unapxet aKO~Q OEaplCEta aVT(ypaq>a. IUJ.l<pOOva J.lI! TOVHva 151aOq>aAioouvTa npovOJ.lta TO~ Kat va tnEKTe{voUVnc; KttlKrov<T!avtlvounoA11 ~ta Ol1tAro~atllCtl~ax'1 onou Ot Aat{vot ot~tae; OEVtiXE aKo~a OAoKA11protlKaEKleiljlEt OTav 0 n:M:UTa{Oe; XTTlKavt'1V unooTt;pl~l1 tOU npeopEuttl t'1C;raAA{a~. To <plpJ.laVl opf (nou aA.A(OOteoev ava<pepet ne; 1t11yee;tou) 0 Antonio, Y10C;tOU OEtC;tO~. Aativoe; 15ouKa~EK/hooXt'1KEan6 TOue;TOUpKOOe;lCataVTtKataOTciJacopo Crispo 1taVTpeUt11KEJ.lla KOP'1TOU"Jacopo .. da Corogna 6J.lro~t'lC; entKup(OOl1~tOU 1670 KaTapytl9'1K6. 01 KaAAIEpY11~tvol 911Ke ano tvav Eppalo ooulCa to 156620. 7tpay~a nou J.lnOpE{va epJ.l11vEuOEttTl J.letalpOpa t'1e; ICTtlO'le;tOO To flItAmn 9EropTj9'1KeaVTlnpooronEUnKoc; topos T11~N~oo, aypo{ J.l£ta~1itrov op(rov trov topoi <pOpoAoyoUVtav ano tote lCatopos tOU flItA'oonotOV ICAaooautov trov CrispoJ2, rt11 auvtXEla, Topoi en{O'1e; napaxroPtl911KaV OT11Nci~o ~Eta to 1566. M{a Elval tva OUJ.lnEpaOJ.lanou pao(~£tal otO PIPAlo tOU ZEP).,£vt11· vovtKCi, lCal KataxroPtl911Kav ~£ to ovo~a trov aYPoToovnou touc; ano tie; nAEov &VOtalpEpOUOEC; neptntooottc; avalptpuat 0' tva ey01 Qnoyovol aUtO Ii tOU KAaOou trov Crispo XavoVTat OtO YEvEaAoKaTa ouvenEla, ~ta 15taKtlPU~l1tOU Giacomo Barozzi TOUflItArolCaHlepyoooavl6 . .iEV t~6lVav napa neVT£ topoi (XliAaSpa, XelYlICOoeVTpo trov Crispo, noo lCaTaptl<T!l1KEano tOYHopf. nl9ava nou, onou unOOtllP{~tt OTI ola9£tEI EKTETaJ.lEVa '1YEIlOVl1canpoypalpo TOU1608 onoo 01 ".OtOllCllTtC;tou ooulCaTou TTlC;Na~ou .. ~appo<;, Mapa90<;, 'Ayto~ .i11J.ltltplOC;lCal M£yaA~ ntTpec;) nou XrovtciT11e;Kat Ka~avopae; nOUAl)Oav TOVtopos tOU An)..{Kl, OTa '1 SlaOoXtl aval~<p9'1lCE J.lEt'1 oElpa a1t6 Kanolov Piero Crispo eVOJ.lla,aVTlnpooronEuEI TTlo'1J.laVTtKOTEP'1n'1y1\YI' auto nou aEl'JTav tStOICT11maytUAroV unon:Aoov. Ot topoi aUTO{SlaTTlPtl911Kav n61ta Qno to Y10 tOU Antonio, apyotepa nciAIano KanOtOVPiero ropt(tal roe;to IpEou15apX1KoKa9E<T!~ ot'1 Nci~042. OOT600 unovon a tOU flIlArotlOO~a~1 ~t 6)..a ta npovo~la tOU (ntpIAa~p!lVOJ.lExPI ne; apxec; TOUXIX atOOva21• ~EVOUKat tou KUV'1YIOU EAalpIOOV) 0' evav Aativo Kcit01K021. Kal teAo~ a1to to Giacomo, Y10TOUteAEUtalou nou e{X£<T!l1VlCaAd1tEtat va ano15EtX9E{OE nOlo J.lttpo TO tyypalpO aUTO e{vat npaYJ.lanKa aVTlnpooronEutlKO t11C;KaTaOTa011e;OTa unOAOlna H t<T!op{a T'1C;neploXtl~ nou 9a anoteA£Oel OTa J.lEoatou XVII tOXt\ tOU to flItAOOtl,Alyo apyOtEpa aq>oTou'1 N~o~ 1tEpaOEOPIxropla tOU V'10100: 15EvEXOUJ.lE KaJ.l{a an015El~'1 EVOO Ot 151apKE{~ Vno T11'V tOUPICIlCtlICUptaPX{a,119tOll TOUtopos ~etaPAtl911lCeEaloova t11V "l1YE~ovla .. tOU Giacomo Barozzi <T!OflItAOOtlelval OtlKa ota XEpta trov TOUPKroVto 157933.0 Giacomo Crispo ciPX1OEva avaStopyovoovet t11V1Ct1\011.nptV ano ICdvov, OtlCttloelC; ElnpooTCa9E1E~trov Barozzi va EnEICTe{voUV ttC; KTtlOEt~'tO~ Kat va AaX10Ta. 01 TOOPICOIavay.vOOploav ta npov6~la trov AaTivrov '1YE- yv(OOttl, av Kat anoanaOJ.latllCtl, ano tiC; apxec; TOUXV aloova. To Ota9EpOnOtl'J00uv ta npovOJ.lta TO~ ..anep'1oav J.laTaIEC;A6yroT11<; flItAoon, e{vat eva XroP10 Kat01K'1~VO ano tAATJvee;aypotee; (37 xav nopa~A119d KOI OP10~VOt ye{TOV£<;e{xav Enro<pEA119e{ yta ~ovrov (Kal OPIO~tVroVEnl'Jvrov 11YE~ovrovnou Kl tKelvOI elXav EoonAaxv{ac; nou EOEI~av 01 npoKcitoXo{ tOUe; npoc; TO~ xroptva anolCtt\oouv oplo~va npOvOJ.lla lCal eoalp'1. 0 Giacomo CriOT11vKatOxti TOUe;topoi) noo tOOouva~ouoav ~E t11VEttlOla n)..l1- OtlCoyevEIE~TO 1670) OtO avatOA1Ko alCpo t'l<; ~Eyal11<;1C01AaOa~ 1tOUPplOKEtat OTOKeVTpot11e;Na~oo. To XroPIOj}p{oKEtal c;rn~uspo npoona9000e va anoKotaO"ttl0Et Ta naAala ouvopa J.leOptKOUe;"nptnel va J.lae;Ka910ta EnlwuAaKttKOu~4J. pro~Tj~lae; avayvoopt0'1e; nou ovo~a~6tav maktu. Me t'1V KaTapoAtl autou TOUmaktu 0 '1YE~6vaC;tOu T6nou, nou aValpEpEtal Ota nooplec; TTI~ Z~, tOU nlO 1I'11AOU l3ouVOUtOU V'1010U.Ito lCatro~Eo~evE<; SlaSllCaolE<; Kill ayopaoe apKEta EMq>'1J4.0 yaJ.l1tp~ Kat Ot nA'1POq>Op{EC; nou napeXouv ta tOUpKtKa q>opoAoYIKaKaTaTOUpKtKatyypaq>a ..dAg sahibi .., KUPtO<;TOUj}ouvoo, EXEtTO Stpoe; TOUxroptOO, eKtE(vetal J.l{a £UIpOP'1K01AaOa nou elval Ot'1v KA11poVO~O<; tOU, Zorzeto Barozzi, ytOC;J.lEtavci<T!'1ano t11v Kptlotlxa tOU 1670 yla T11vanoAuT11Kal OXETlKtlo'1J.lao{a TroVKTtlOeKa{ro~a va TO tK~CtaAAeU£Tat oo~q>rova ~E TTlvEnt9u~{a TOU.01 npaYJ.lanKOTTlta 151aICAclOroo11 TTlC;J.lEyaA11~KeVTptlCtl~1C01MOa~ t'1 umjpl;e 011~aVT11C0npoorono OT'1VnOAlTlKtl ~rotl T11C;N~ou EKxeporo~tv~ ya{ec; SEVn)..l1POOvoUv to Ouv11910~tVOEYYEtOIpOPO, TOUV'10tou. r6pro ano TO xroptO lCa'tEpa{vouv ~6yciAec;OPEwte; ~" .....~ r?~Tl~ QPxt~ tOU XVII atmva. AtOlK11ttl<;Ot'1 Nci~o t'l<; IppoupOC; rov trov Barozzi (trov Ylmv TOUGiacomo: Antonio Kal Crusino) q>aVEPOOVOUV on TOflItAwtt £ivai npaYJ.lattKa J.ltaJ.lova15IKtlltEplntroaUTOe;nepltXEtal OtO maktu nou expdM:l 0 '1YE~ovac;22.Kat' aunAaY1E<;Kal npo<; ta votlOavatOAIKa elCT£(vetal ~la OPElvt;lCat 11- <'IP..,.. 'tQ},~ EVEtmv,OtOVayoova noo eS1VEtOte '1 BEv£tia <T!11Aoo11yta

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26 Iatopia all o tn Na~o, onou Ot aypon:e; elvci ce XEtPOtEPTtuoipo Kat 0 nYEIlOVac;mo nAoualOe; Kat laxupoe; an' onouotinOtE aUou O'tO vncl. 'Omoe; tXOUjlEavacpEpEl, 0 topos rou cIllAoonOU,onooe;cxptproe;napOU(Jla~Etat era CPOPOAOYIKcl Kataanxa, OEVElvat mn '1 EKtEtajlEVTt nEplOxti nou 0 Giacomo Barozzi ovolla~E topos rou. I:ujlcpoova us tn KataO'tt Xa, to O'UYKpOtTtjlatOOVKttiaE(I)V tOOVaOEACProv Barozzi oro cIltAron (txouv neprooctn Kat anou) nnoreAEhot ano SUo topoi -to cIltArotl xrn rn cIliVEAla- Kal ano tva ItOAUIlEYclAOO'uYKpOtTllla KttiO'EOOV nou unoKElvtal oro O'UVTlSlcusvo tYYEtOcpopo··. Ot topoi Eivat OEUtEpEuouaae; O'Tljlaaiae; jlEoc orov KataAoyo tOOVtopoi tTle; Na~ou. To cIllAron anOtEAEital ano 66 112 binek KantEPytiatllOOV ayprov, TIcIltvtAla OEVaivm ncpd Evae; jlEyciAoe;AEtjlroVac;.Oi ouo topoi KatapaUouv Eva rnaktu 700 akce 0 ICaStvac;, npaYlla nou Ilae; ICaVEtva unoStaOUjlE ott tirev aXEtlKCt uucpot: unapxouv Mo topoi nou ICatapaHouv to OtnAaatO ti to tptnAaatO ooroo tOU nocoo. I:uIlCPOOVa IlE ru tOUpKIICaCPOpoAoYIKaKatCtO'tlxa, to aUYKpOtTlIla ttov KttiaEOOVnov Barozzi nou unoxewro oro O'uvTlSlallEvo EYyEIO cpopo titav nEptaaotEpO allllavttICO ano toue; topoi. H allllaO'ia al>trov tOOVKttiO'EOOV cpaiVEtal O'tOVnapovta nlvaKa, nou £iVai anoO'naO'jla t(l)V CPOPOAOYllCroV KatclO'nxoov:4S EniaTle;, 0 Crusino Barozzi £iXE O'tllv KatOxti tOU to jlOVaOlKo aVEjlOIlUAoTOUXOOPlOU.0 ICatclAoyoe;O&lXVEIon 0 Barozzi ICataj3ciHEI IlOVOVaUfOe;,71% tOu ErYElOUcpopoo noo ocpElAEtal Yla ne; KttiO'Ele;nou Pp(O'KOVtal j.LEaaO'tO XOOPIOcIlIAron: to auvoAo tOOV cpopooVtOO, anOtEAOullEVOano to noaa noo ocpEiAEtal Yla tie; ICttiaEle; nou npoavacpEp91llCav O'tov nivaKa, to IlUAOICIEvav aplSjlo onoopocpopooVotvtpooV nou unoKElVtal a' Eva ElOllCOmaktu, <pSaVEt ta 4.591 akce, EVroto auvoAo tooVICttiO'E(I)VtooV XOOPlICrov OEV <POpoAoYEltal napa 1.311 akce. 01 ya{Ee; tooV clAAOOV 10tOKtlltrov (Kupiooe;KatollCOOvYEltOVllCroVXOOPlroV) OEVnATlProvouv napci51O,5 akce. KavEvae; IlEYclAOe; yalolCttillovae; at'TI Na~o OEVOlaSttEI tva tEtOlO aUYICpotlllla KttiO'EOOV nou UnOKEltal O'tO auvllSIO'Jltvo tyyEIO <popo aE KanolO XOOPIOtTle;NCt~ou. Ta nAoutll toue; npotpxoVtal ano topoi " a1to EKtEtaIlEVEe;ICttiO'£Ie;atllv napclAla nEOlaOa. npaYJlanlCci, atTlv napaAla 1tEol(ioa, uncipxouv nonte; Jl£yaAee; Kt"OEle;, lCaJlla 6Jlooe;1tOOva JlTlvlCaA\)1ttEIJlia Stall altOlCAelatlICa IOlaitEPTl onwc; OTTJVnEpi1rtOOO'TIt(l)V ICtl\aEOOVtOOVBarozzi ato cIltAron. Ot Mo nAoUatOtEpOl lCatotlCot tile; Na~ou, 0 Crusino CoroneHo npo~£voe; tT)e;ranine; lCal 0 Crusino Sforza Castri, lCataAaJlPaVOuv 10laitEPTl StOll O£ OplOjltva X(I)pui xapTl 0' tva JlEYciAOOOYlCpotTlJlalCttlO'EOOV nou U1t6lC£1 Vtal OtO ouvTI(hollEvo tYYElO <popo, fa auYlCpOtl\Jlata 6Jlooe;aota £ivaI aO"Jlavta OE atiYlCplOTI IlE auto tOU cIlIAootlOU.0 Crusino CoroneHo nATlProv£t 1.753 akce 1\ 10% TOUOUVTlSlolltvoo tYYEtOU<popou nou O<pelA,EItp X(l)PIO KaA6~uAo' 0 Crusino Castri nAIlP6>vEI 1276 akce 1\4% tOU tYYEIOU <poPO\)nou o<pEiAEIto X(I)PIOAn&(paveo~. Ynapxouv alCollTlOPlOJltva aUYlCpotl\Jlata YEItOVllCroVtopoi nOl) anot£AOuV Jlla OllllaVTllC1\lteplOXtl, JlOVov.oJlooe;tvae; alto autoUc; lCataAaJlj3Qv£1 E~txouoa StaTl oe Il(a n£plox". tta p6p£la tlle; Na~ou pp(alCEtal to ouYlCpotTJjla t(l)V topoi MtoTJ Kal KOOlllaK" ItOU aV"ICEI a' tvav ano ICAciSoTTJe;olKoytvEtac; Barozzi lCat ltAIlp6>V£1tva mahu 4.800 akce, 01 OUV'1SIOJltvEe;oJlooe;ICt"OEIe;tllC; olICoytvElac; Barozzi a' aut1\v tllv nEplox1\ elval ox£tllCci JlllCp1\e;o"Jlao{a~7. Ta OEOolJtva nou tXOUIJEYla ta aHa lJeyciAa vllola tooVKUICAciO(l)V,cpa(v£tat on tEtOIOU £Iooue; OUYICIWtp<i>c?'£Ie; ltptnEI va e(val

MAU anavIEC;. 'Onooc; lCal va tXEl, OEVonapXElnouSEVU ICUplapxia Jllac; ollCoytvElae;, ElCtOe;ano TTJVTrivo ICal nlSavov ornv •Avopo. I:tllv Tnvo, etvor yvooat1\ II OllCoytvEla I:lCOUtaPll xou lCata. tll OlaplCEla tlle; everoxpurtcc JltXPI to 1715 £i XEOExSe{JlE Jlla8(1)O'll tu TJYEllovllCaOtlCalrolJata mlvoo oro Illao vnot, H ollCoytvEla auttl OEVavtilCE UnooO'tE crnv t~ll tooVfeudatarii aAAa ornv ciuadini48• Ta tOUpICIKa cpOpoAoytlCa lCatuanxa tile; .Avopou o{youv ru ovouorc OplaIJtVOOVano tie; nAOUatOtePEc;,EAATJVIICte; ICal MltlvlKte;. OllCoytvEIEe;,OEVIlae; E1tltptnEI Ollooe;vaICaSop{aouJlE av autte; 01 OIICOytvEIEC;Eixav aUYICEvtpOOlltvEe; ICt1\aElC;xoo otano~av a' tva XOOPl049. H O'UAAOytiaUIJPoAa{(I)VtOU Giacomo Barozzi O{VEInAIlPocpopiEe;Yla tOY rpono OIOXEipl(JTJe;Kal EICIlEtuHEUalle; tOOVyal6>v tOU oro cIllAWtl to 1665, aUVETtroe;0Xl nOAu OpyofEpa ano t11aUvta~ll

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nOAu onavI£e;. 'Onroe; xm va tX£I, O£VU1t(lPX£1nouOevtl Kuplapxia iliac; OLKoytVtLOe;,EKtOe;a1to rnv Tnvo Kal mOav6v ornv ' Avopo. l:tTlV Trivo, eivoi yvroOtt't 'l OIKoY£VEta l:KOUtap'l nou Kata t'l olapKEla tl1C;EVEtOKpat(ae; f.ltXPI to 1715 el XEOEXOdus f.lloOwo'l ru 11YEIlOvIKaoLKaloollata navoo OtO f.lLOOvnot. H OIKoy£vELa auti) OEVavi)KE anroOtE Ot11v ta~l1 ttev feudatarii ana crnv cittadini4R. Ta ToupKlKa cpopoAoYIKtl Kataonxa tl1e; 'Avopou oiyouv ru ovoucru OPLOf.ltVroV ano tie; 1tAOUOLOtEpee;, EAA11vIKte;Kal AanvIKte;, OIKoytvEU:e;, OEVf.lae;&nltp£nEl6Ilooe; va Ka90piooullE av autte; 01 OlKoytvW:e; £Ixav oUYKEvtpooll£VEe;Kt"Oele; nou o£ono~av 0' tva XoopL049. H ounoy" oUf.lpoAalrov rou Giacomo Barozzi o[vElnA11PocpopiEe;Yla tOY rpono oLaxelpI011e; KaL£KIlEtaAAflUOlle;rtov yaloov tOU OtO <IlIAoonto 1665, OUVE1tooe; OXI 1t0AUapyOtEpa ano t11 ouvta~11 trov tOUpKlKOOVCPOPOAOYIKOOV Kataatl'X,oovsO. AAAIIlOVO,ta OEOOIleva tlle; oUAAoy"e; OEVOUf.l1t{1ttouvanOAUta Il' aut a trov cpopoAOYIKOOv KataOtlXrov. H oacp£ot£P11 1tEpl1ttroo'l atlvavtatal one; Ilvacpopte; rerv «EA£u9£poov.. yaLoovnou elXav omv KatOXt't roo; 01 XooP1KOIf.ltoa Otll OUAAOY"·OL yalee; autee; Oa e1tpE1tEva untlpxouv Kalata CPOPOi.,OYIKtl KattlOnxa f.I£ to OVOf.latOU IOIOK~t11 'toue;. EKel 6f.1roe;Ef.lcpav(~OV't1l1 oplof.leva npopi.,TJf.lata. 6ev ICa'tocptpallE va taut{OOUf.I£ }L20aOta tOUPKIKtlcpopoAOYIICtlKOtaOnxa oAa ta ov6f.10Ta tooVXroPIKOOV tOU <IlIAoonou nou £iXav atllv ICatOXt't tOUe; nepLOuola OtO XooPLOtOue;. Auta ta KataOnxa aAAroOte txouv ouvtaxgei 1tOAUE1tI1tOAala evoo 11tOUPKLKllypocp" tunou siyakat o£v EnltptnEI tllV aocpaA" avayvooo11 (tn£lljI11 q>WV11tvtoov, Of.lolotTlta Il£ta~u 1tOnOOVOUf.lcpoovoov). Clot600, EICnpOOtTIe; Oljl£roe;olanlOtOOVOUIlE"011 6n Iltoa Ota tOupKIKa KataOtlxa, ta OVOllata £ivai noi.,u ouxva OlacpopetlKa a1to EK£lva 1tOUavacptpoVtal Otll OUnoyt't cruf.lpoAalrov. Ev f.lePEI, auto ll1top£I vo EPf.lllVEUOE{a1to to YEYov6c;Otl ta tOUpICIKaICataonxa lCataxoopouv 0ACe;tIe; Ktt'toele; Ile to oVOllata tooVapXllYOOvtlle; OlKoytv£Lae;, £voo 11ounoy" avacptpEl tOUe;1010Kt"tee; oV0f.laon1CQ, 1tOUf.lnop£l va £IvaI aOEAcpte;,aOtAcpo[, OU<;UYOI" anOI OUYYEV£(e; ltOU ICatOIKOl)VOtO (010 on[tl.

Evw ta toupICIICa ICotaonxo o{vouv tl1V tKtOol1 toov Ktt'tOEooV ICaOt 10101Ctl'tt1lf.I&tOY OCP£IA.Of.lEVO cpopo nou avepXEtal 1t&p{nou OtO tva ntf.lnto tOU EIOOot'tf.latOe;,OEVo[vouv tT)v aICplp" tOltoOeoio tooV ICtt't0EooVOUtE to £i00C; tou atlf.lcpooVl')tlICOU EICf.lEtaAA£u0T)e;5).H ouUoy~ OUf.I~OAa{oovoev o{vel1tapa to YEooypacp,lICo 'lIDpo ICal to tiooe; tOU oUf.lcpooVT)tlICOU: tpltT) t't misiariko -f.l£ to 0CPElAOf.I£VO nooooto, ICaOoAOU6f.1ooe;f.I£tTlV £lCtlf.lOf.lEVllo~(a Tlle; OUYIC0f.lISt'tC; t't tllV tICtaOll- TJaICof.la f.I£:llv £VOlll~T)«eAEOO£PTJ Kt"OTl aYpOtT) ~ 'lY£f.lova ... 0 n{vaICac; nou aICoAouGE{ElvOI altOo1taolla ano tTJ ouUoy" nou avacptpEtal OtOUe;ICaAA1SPY"OLf.l0U«; aypoUe;. aVOlICtOue;TJIt£plcppaYf.ltvoue;. ota af.lnti.,la ICalOtoue; ICt't1t0Ue;Il£ atllCltC;.1tOUIIp{OlCovTalf.ltoa O· auto ItOU11cunoy" ovof.la~El topos tOU <Illi.,ootlOUS2•Aut6 avtlotOlxe{ Otouc; topoi tou <IllAOOtlICal Cl)lV£Alaf.la~[ f.I£tlC; yaise; 1tOUU1t6ICelvtal Otov ICavovlIC6 tyyelo cp6po tou XooplOU<IllAwn f.ltoa OTa TOUPlCl1CQ ICataatlxa. 1:uf.lcpoova~£ tll OU)"AOYt'toUf.lj}oAaioov, T) ICotavof.l~ eAeU9£poov ICA~PooVEhE f.lSOUf.lq>WVl1t11C6 misiariko ehe f.I£ tplTTJ ~ta~u tooV KlttO(lCooVtOU <IllAootlOUelval 11aICoAou&TJ:37 aYPotee; oev txouv napa tvav ICATJPO,10 txouv 2, 6 £Xouv 3, 3 txouv 4, tvac; Axel S ICal tvae; elUOe; 6.

27

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EtOo<; Kt1\CJI1C;KGI lOYlCJtlK1\ I'0VQOo

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Kn\a£~ troy lCato!lCrov Kt1\IJ£ICj troy Baroui rou Cl)1.l<im

Kt1\aE1Cj alMav

Cl)opolOYllnl at: akee

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6,6 51.9

Kanu:PTIoIJ.l0I aypoi. binek OJ.llttllO, binek 1C1\!tIO, binek

20

e).auilvec;, otvtpO

3,5

OIlKI&c;,otVtPO oltcopocp6po OEVtPO, oeVtpo J.I0IlPlt<;, litvtpo ~£).OVIOllt,,., oevtpo

3 3 11,5 4

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n(vaxat; ad TouptxQ Xatc1a'nxa YIO tOUe; ICato{xoUC;tOU t1lAOtlOU /

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7 18

15 13

7

12

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2 3

2

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28 Iatopia Aeugepee; ICt"Oele;. To 1670, to ~IAci)tl apl91J0uoe 37 VOtlCOICUPUl ano ra onotu rc 19 elxav aldv'1'tEe; ICt"OW; nou tnecptav 1C(!tWano tOV lCavovlKo tyyelO cpopo. To UIjIOC;rev cpopwv, lCal lCatQ covenela '1 a~la tWV yal(l)V noo olaX£lpi~ovtal IJE titAO eA£ugep11C;1OIOKt'1oiaC; 01 lCQ.tOIICOItOU ~IAWtIOU etvat nOAu Xall'1AOi oe au-

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'to: VOIKOKUPIO cIllAwtl AKaSllI1 KIlA6~UAO XciAKI

37 28 71 95

3S

Oute 0IlWe; 0 IlEOD<; opoe; nOl) £Ivat XallrrA6t£pOe; ano tOV OCP£IA61l£VO EyytlO cpopo, oute '1 oxemc" un£pox" tWV V01KOKUPIWV nOl) o£v ltArrpWVOUv Eyy£tO cp6po o£v alto't£AoUV avaYlCaonlCU tvoel~rr lleyaAu'teP11e; tvo£lae; o'to ~IAWtl alt' on aHou. nptn£1 eltlo'1e; va ultoAoylooull£ Ila~l Il£ 'ta ayvwota tlooS"llata on 01 xwpIlCol tou ~IAwnou Wcp£AOuvtal ano ne; yalee; nou lCaAAI£pyOUv yla 'tOY '1Y£llova tOue;. Eltlo'1e;, OtO ¢It).,wtt ultapXttllla lt11Y" £00owv yta t'lv olto(a ta CPOpoAoYllCalCataOTlxa ocv Ilae; olvouv nA'1pocpoplce;. 1:"Il£pa aJc61l'1, TO ¢ltAOOtt t{val KCVTPO£KtpOcpt\e;. 1:ull(j)(J)vaIl£ Illa ltpoocpat11 IltAET'1, ilia tlCaTOOt" ano 300 we; 350 VOIKOlCupla ltOl) ap191l£1 Onll£pa TO ¢llAWtl t~aocpaAI~£1 'ta IlEOa Unap~"e; tOU alto t'1v Kt'1votpocpla . .1cv ~EpOU).le Ka90AOu ).ICXPI

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Zane della Rocca Marcantonio GigJi Tzampati Coronello Marco Anaplioti Filippo Sommaripa

1800 1150 1150 1500 320

18

80%

288 165 314

apIOIIO<;VOIKOKI}PIWVnou StV nATlPWV()uvkyyew qlOpO

S% 43% 16%

3

ltOIO o'1).1elo 01 OllCoYCVf;tae;nou nArrpwvouv Alyo " lCa90Aou cYyttO cpOpO to 1670 ~oUoav ano ta 1C0naOIa nou tl300lCav ota f30l>va)·. 'Eva aAAo O'1).1eio 1t0UItptltet va avacptpoullC elvalon 01 ayp6tte; OtO cJ)IAWtl OtV eeap'tovtav OAOKA11P(l)tllCaano t'lV OtlCoytvela Barozzi. H lteplOxr\ 'tou O'1lleptVOU ¢ltA(J)tlOU oev lttpIAall~avel Ilovov toue; Mo topoi T'1e;¢llvtA.la lCal tOU ~IAWtl aAM eltlo'le; KI au'toue; tOU AltAIKL, 'tou X£{llappou, 't'1e; MlKpapylCxe; Kal nl9avov tou navoPllou. Ta o£Oolltva autwv t(l)V topoi nou Ilnopolille va e~aYOUIl£ an6 ta 'toupKlKa Ka'taOtLxa t{val ta aK6Aou9a":

·EICtIlOTlKa).,).,lcPYt1al-t:pycit~ Y1'1C; aTO a1llWVKA"PWVOt cIl1Awtl binck Kal aplOf,l6C; 1CQ).,).,ICPr1'1twV

tKta01'1 yalwv nou Sla1(f:tpl~oVTal 01 KciTOIKOIoro cIllAw'tl at: binek

249/92

18

1581/2/45 86/34 163179 67/3

II

511/2 39

22

52

tono; rou tI>'AorlOv

EltlO'le;, Ol KatOLKOl rou ¢lIMotlOO lCaAAttpyouv alC61lrr yalee; OtOUe; topoi t'le; AvalCla, t'le; KaAAlodxelac;, trre; I:IO&pOnEtpae;, t'le; ApYl1ic; lCal tOU Mapa90u'6. To OUVOA.otrre; tltlcpav£UXe; tWV lCaAA.ltPY11lltV(J)vaypci)V tWV topoi 't~e; Na~ou xou olaX£lp(~ovtal 01 lCatOLlCOIroo ¢lIAwnou cp96.v£L 'ta 22 112 binek.

29

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H eU'lVIlC" ElCKA.11o(aautou roo X(i)EltEIO" 11ultepox~ TOUe;"tav Aly6t&po alo9'lrn OtOV 'toniKO Xli>PlOU ~tav 10101Ct'loia tWV Barozzi lCal AOYWtOU yeyovOtOe; autoo, po. H tnl~iWOl1 tOU aypOtllCOU lCaOEOtWtOe; EKlletaAAeUO'1e; ano 01 Barozzi, av Kal AatlvOI, £{Xav mv £uKalpla va avalllYvUOVtal tlJV &ltOX~ rtov Aatlvwv we; TOUe;Toupxoo; £(val aOlalllplo~*'lt'l, one; Ult09toEle; t'1e; EAA.'lVlKne;1C0Iv6t'ltae;. To 1714, 0& ilia lteploetvci OUOKOAOOIlW~va lCaOoplotei 0& ltOLollttPO IlnOPOUIl£ va 1l100 oxoo 01 OXtoe1C; Ileta~u EAA.~vWV Kal Aatlvwv one; KUlC.AaO&e; AaIlE Yla 'lYEIlOvl£e;. 0 topos IlE rnv auot'lpr\ tvvola tOU opou Sla~tav ISlait&pq tE'tallevEe;, 01 lCat01Kol tOU ~IA(I)tlOO tOtelAav I·na rnpet Oplolltva xapaKtl'JPIOtllCa Illae; aypotllC"e; 11YEllovla~ nou, eltlotOA.~ OtOV naTplapx'l toue; Ot1"lVK(I)OtavtlVOUnOA'1. 1:' al>).,6y(l) t'le; tOUplClK1'Ie;lCataK't'lO'le;, txaoe to cpeouooPXIKO xapa't"v t'lV EltlO'tOA~, 01 Kat011C01 napanovouvtO Yla t'lV lCa'tanleo'1 Kt~pa nou Illtoptl va Elxe OtO napeAGov Otov tpono Siaxelpt0'le;. nou aOlCoooe 0 Crusino Barozzi lCal ISlaitepa Yla to axt010 ltOU Ano t'lV aAA'l ltAeupa, tKtOe; an6 autte; tie; un'1peo{£e; IlttalClv'le{xe ouAA.a~el va cptP£1 A.ativo lepta OtO ¢lIAwn, onou oev un~p011e; nou 0 Liechtle avtcptp£, otv unapX£1 "allia olacpopa IlETa~U X& lCall(a aAA'l olKoytvela AatlV(l)V ltapa 1l0VOV tOU 'lY£1l6va". 't'le; oIClxelpIO'le; £v6e; aypoli an6 tvav XWPIICO0' tvav topos Kat Be~alwe; latlvoe; IEptae; OEV~pge, av lCal ilia IlllCpn AanVIlC~ &lC- ev6c; OU~CPWV11tllCOU 'tpit1"le; nou Illtopouoe va OUValjl&1llvae; 0ICA'lola unapX£1 alColla o~llepa J.leoa OtO xwpl6. nOIOOOnltOtt ayp6t'le; Ile Evav Oltoloor\not£ 1010ICT~t'l Ota nAaiola 1l1a~ eA£0gep'1e; OllCOVOIlIIC"e;oxtO'1e;. Ta teli nou otaTTJpouMe'ta TTJv lCatapy'l0'l 'tWV npovoll{WV tWV 'lytllovwv tWV topoi Vtal elval aocpaA.£(e; tv Iltp&1 lCA.'lPOVOIJI£e;evoe; 'lyeIlOVtICOU lCa9£'to 1720, '1 geo'l 't(J)VBarozzi O'tO <PIMm, av lCal ulto~a91l10lltvrr, OtWtOe; ltOU ICt tlCEivoe; Ilt tTl o£lpa tOU to ICA11Pov61l110t ano tva napCllelvt OrrllavtllCn: tOUe; tll£vav alC6~a 01 O'lllavtllCte; nEplOxte; naAal6 ~~avtlv6 lCageot~ - 'l o'lllao{a tOue; OIlWe;tlvallltlwlltltOU CPOPOAoyoUvtav lCClVOVllCCl. MIa It£PIA'llt'tLKn tK9£ol1 'twv VT'lKat te(vouv va tKA,&{IjIOuv.Aut6 ltO\) e~eLVE 0'tTJ Na~o altO tva tOUPKIlCWVcp6p(l)v 't'le; Na~ou 'to 1727 O£(XVIJI6Tl ooq>£LAOIl£vOe; 'lyellovllCO lCaOeOtwe; aJttcpepe alColla Yla Oplolltva XP6vta npoe; IpOpOe;yta 'tIe; K't~OIJIe;tWV Aa'tivwv 0't0 ¢lIAwtt (ltepL).,aJ.l~avolltta Ileoa tOU XVII alwva, ltpootKpoue 61lwe; at ilia au~av6llevrr avwv lCal t(J)v tctrjoewv t(l)V Barozzi) ll£tW9'1KE Ota 2.380 akces8• Vt(OE0'l twv tpyatwv Y'le; nou otv aV"lCav anAa 0& IJla olacpopETtMia cn)ylCPIO'l 61l(l)e;Il£ 'toue; ap191l0ue; ota CPOPOAoYllCaKataOtllCrllC01V(J)VIKT\ 'ta~rr, ana alC61la KaL 01: ilia aAA11tlCKA'lola. H axa 'tou 1670 O&Vto £nl~£~atli>v61: slval 1t19avov 6n 1"1 cpopoAoyla vtlgeo'l tOU &AA.'lVIKOUnA'l9UOIlOU tWV apxwv tOU XVII aloova tWV yalwv lJepIlC"e; 1l1a9OO'le; elX£ aUa~et. 'Yot£pa 61lwe; alto lCal 0Xl 'l 09wllavllC" lCatalCt110'l tOU XVI alwva elval fllCtlvrr atl'Jv lCatIlPY'lO'l t(l)V npov0J.llwv tWV 'lyell6v(l)v t(l)V topoi, OEVl>lCPlfMi>~nou &ElEOtPI~11CUt{JAOe;at onolao"notc OIlOIOt'lta Il ' tva ltapXouv nAtov lJaptupl&~ Yla OUYKpouoeLe; lJE'ta~u t(J)V Barozzi 'lye1lOVtK6 lCageoTWe; OTT) Na~o. Kal t(J)V Ka'tollCwv. rta ltsploo6t&po altO tvav atli>va aK61l'l, to cJ)IAwtt lCu~tp~9'llC£ ano toue; Barozzi. 0 Jeronimo Y16~ tOU Crusino Barozzi t~aA£ va o'toi..{oouv t'lV &(0000 tOU £~OXllCOU Oltl'tlOU TTJe;OllCoytv£lae; o'to ¢llAWtL J.I£ Ilia OauJ.laClla £ltlypacpn olCaAlolltVl'J at llapllapO 1t0U otat'lpe{tal aICOIl'l Kat o~llepa. H I. n. r. ZtpAtvt'K, rpallllata ~pci"'KWVOOUKWV tOU Atyalou ncAd~PUO'l tOU XWP10UtXtl alC61lrr ilia elttypacpn tOU Francesco BarozYOlJ<;.Byzanlinische Zeilschrift 13(1904), 136- 157, n. r. ZcpAtvt1'1t;, r~ zi tou 1835. Kata 'to XIX alwva, 01 K't~Otle; 'tOU ¢l1A.W'tlOU1t0U j4afQ TWV rwuralwv tIlpdYKlJ)V 60UKWV roo Alya[oo nSAdyoor;, EpIIOunOATlC; 1l61WVOV'tClV Il& an£ltaAAT'lAee; nWAnO£Ie;, nepaoav f,ltoa alt6 ICA'l1924, n. r. ZepAtVt1'1t;,t1>eooOaAIK~nOAIfC/a tV r'l vt1aW Nd{w, Epj.lOOnoAI<; povollLee; ota xepla Illae; aAA'1e; olKoytvela~ Aatlv(J)v 'twv Frango1925. EnavtKSoa1'1: MNa~tQKCi .., t. j, 1985. poulo. To ¢llAliltl olaTTJP£( alColla Kal ar\J.ltpa KaAEe;avall~O£te; 2. A. E. BaKaAOltOuA<><;, ntr'ttr; r"r; I(1TOp/ar; rOI! veol! E).J."VIUJ.lOV, t. I, an6 t11VT£Aeu'ta(a y£vLa t(J)V Frangopoulo, t'lv Hel~ne lCal tOY a297 - 298 = ZepAtvt1'1C;,t1>f.ouOa).'K~ noAIre/a, 59 - 60. vlljll6 KaL 0laoox6 t'l~ Michel Marcopoli, OltW~ cpa(vetal ano tva 3. To IIcyaAU'tEpoIItpoc; tTlC;ou).,).,oyt\e;oUII~Aal(l)v ~plOlCEtal ota apap9po nou Sl1).1001tlie"lCe Itpoocpata at ilia £CP'lllep{oo t'1e; Nlil;ou. 1(&lat1'1<;KaOoAIKt\e;Ap1(IE1IIalC01lt\C; t'1<;Na~ou' 01 aCAIS£<;I - 142 t1(OUV TtAD<;, to 1921 0 Michel Marcopoli ltouA'l0e 6tt alttllElvt ano t'lV xaOd. 01 acAl&c; 205 - 232 PploKoVTal ota EOVIKQAp1(cla TTJC; EAAciS<><;, lta).,ala 11yellov{a: 'to e~oX1Ko onitl, 060 lC~noue;, t~l &A.alci>vee;,tva aU),Aoy" I:teqlcivou 000, 002, Kal 01 atAI&<; 277 - 281 aTTl8IPAIOOt\K'1tOU BUtlKavou, cod. Vat, Grace 2636. v£p6llu).,o lCal eva £AalOtpl~e{o 0' tvav tAA.'lva lCatOllCo 't'le; Na4. Ta tyypwpa auto ~plaKoVTal SlaaKOpl!lolltva Ot1'1ou).,).,oy" ZCpA.t~ou avt( tOU ItOOOU tWV 67.000 opaXllwv: aut6 ~Tav t~OP10T1K6 VT'K trov E9vucwv Apx,&I(I)vt1'1t;EllciooC; (q>6Kt).,).,OI 44 - 59. 154, 173) Kal 'ttAO~ t'le; 10tOp(ae; tOU topos ¢llAcimS9• otT} BI~AI09"K1'1tOI) BatlKavoi> (Vat. Grace. 2633 - 239, Kal ltpotpx,oVTal Kal al)ta ano TOZCpA.tvt1'1.8plaKOVTai avaKattl-ltva II' tva IICYOWaplO01 n'lYtc; ltOU Sla't'1lp~O'1KaV ox&nlCCl J.I&'tTl olaxtlplO'l t'le; ne110IlYYpcicpwv, avacpcpOIl£VWVKuplWC;atTlv latopia trov KUKA.ci&ov, 1I0U0ptouola~ 't(J)VBarozzi OtO ¢llAOm Ila~ naptxouv noUee; evSlalptPIOl!£V~ q>optc; 0 ZtpA.tvt'1e; tlxt a1l'0Ktt1acl lI& l!apcivolIO Tp6110. POuO&~ AenTOJ.ltpelee; Yla 't'lV £1C1l£TaUtU011 ).Ilae;ll£yaA'le; {JYY£lae; 5. Istanbul, 8asbalcanlilc Arsivi, tapu tahriye deftcrleri nr. 800: tahrir 1010lCTTJ alae; Ot11 Nlil;o Kal Yla tTl ouvtX£la t'le; Aan V1Kne;un£po(q>OPOAOYIICci lCutciotlxa) T(I)Vvt\awv Nci~ou, napou, taVToplv'1C;, Ml'tAou, ,xn~ Ileta t'lV tOUPK1K~ KataK't1"l0'l. Alt6 t11VaAl'lnAeUpa, nptltel . AvSpou KQI l:i>poo tOI) houe; 1080H/1670. Arrcp9e1 u7t6'1'11 0 1l0Va01K6c; xapalCt~pae; tOO ouylCpot~llatOe; 6... Elevtheros .. , t(val 1'1tAATlVllC1\IIttcicppaa'1 1I0UauvaVTcital ane;


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30 Iatopla OUj.I~o),alOypaq)llcte;np~tle; Tl]C;No~ou TOUopou «gonieo .., no),u YV<OOTOU aOO TOAanVOKpaTOUj.I&VO MopEa Kal nOI) oev ouvcvrdrm OTl]No~o napci uovov at ol)j.I~o),alOypaq)lKtC;npo~et<; aTa Ita),IKO. 7. KaTIlyoplec; aUj.I~),alwv oro: A. Ill. Kotooup6c;, N~IOKO OIKOlOItpalCtlKO tyypaq>o TOU 15' aul)Voe;. Enetnplt; rOI) Mwa/(J)vIKoo Apxelou (1955) 47 - 91, OM. 67 - 68. 8. Kannoplec; oUj.I~),aiwv ero: A. Ill. Knrooupoc, . Eyypaq>a, 73' LT. Bla~I~l]e;, Na~laKo vOTaplaKa eyypaq>a, Encr'1plr; TOI)APXe[ou f'lr; tatopltu; TOUEA.J.I/VIKOO.dlKaiou 4 (195) oe),. I - 165. at),. 129. IUJ.I~6),aI0 aut"e; Tl]e;lCaTIlyoplae; ~plaK£Tal cltlOl]e; at ~I~)'io - YIt6oCl'wa npa~£Illv ~~aVTIV"e; ItpoE),£ual]e;: K. N. l:a9cie;. MWQJWVIKrj B,P)J08rjK'1. 7 r .. Bcverlc - Ilcploro. 1872 - 1894. r. 3. at),. 620 - 625. ria Tl] , morti ~),tltc: A. Laiou - Thomadakis, Peasant Society in the Late Byzantine Empire. Princeton 1977. OM. 216 - 219. rio to gemoron ~HIt£ J. l.ongnon - P. Toppinglc. Documenls sur /e regime des lures dans /a principaule de Moree au xive siec/e Paris - La Haye 1969 (~Documents et Recherches IX). 269 - 270 6nou Kal l] TaUTlOl]..gemoron seu terragium ... Na al]j.ltloo6£16n, oVTIgeto j.lETIlv Itcplypaq>" ItOUolv£10 Cadle Yla tllV KOtOaTaOI1aTO AaTIVoKpatOUj.I£vOMopta (A. Carile. La rendila /eudale nella Morea lalina del XIV secolo, Bologna 1974, 110 - III) TOgemoronltplTl] tWV KUK),OSwVelVOIto Ollj.lavTlK6T£pota080 j.llae;l]YEj.lovlae;. H tpltl] Tl]e;No~ou 8ev tXCI Ka96),ou to aaq>" xapolCt"pa tou ..ta080u q>eouOapXl.c<llvyal<llv" 6nwe; TOgemoron ato Mopta. 6j.1we;j.lCpllcte;q>oP£C; c(val TOItpot6v cv6e; aUj.lq>Illvl]tlKOU j.let~U yaIOKt"j.lOva Kal KaUu:pYl]t" YllC;.KOtl ItOU8cv tX£1 KQj.llaaxtall j.lCtil q>£ou8ap~la Cf. tva al)j.lq>Wvl]T1K6 61twC;tK£lvo nou Ollj.lOalw9l]Ke ato KaTaoup6e;. 'Eyypacpo, ac),. 54 56. 9. Yn08clYJ.lQta aUj.lq>IllVl]TlKooV OTa: Bla~I~IlC;. ·Eyypacpa. at),. 34 - 36; 82 - 83 Kataoup6c;, 'Eyypaq>o at),. 54 - 56, 62 - 64. I:uj.lcpwvl1tIK61le~opuj.ll:vo CPOPO),OYIKO atll au),),oy" aUj.I~),a(wv tou ~1),WtIOU, au. 245. 10. latOplKa Apxe(a tile; No~ou, Canulario Casazza ae),. 3 - 5. II. W. Miller, Lichtles description of Naxos7 Byzanlinisch - Neugriechiuhe Jahrbucher 6 (1928).432 - 450, au. 442 - 443. nop6),a autO nphcl va al]j.ltloo6e16T1 ta Itpov6j.11atWVl]ycj.l6vwv tWVtopoi aaKouVTal oc XWPIKOUe;ItOUclval tultlKO cAcU9epOI'villani" paroikoi elval O1taVIOIatle; Kud.ci8CC;.. Evac; Kata).oyoc; O<ptl),<IlV alOV l]ytj.l6va tOU IlltAwtlou, TOUtt),ouC;tl]C;),atlvl""e; Kuplapxl~ Kal tWVaPX<Ilvtl]C;09W)!aVlK"C;(au),),~ auj.l~o),alwv tOU IIII),wtlou at),. 223 KOI227) 8tv avwpeptl Itapo j.ltPlKOUe; ..parichi .. j.lcta~u tWVXlllPlK<IlVnOU oq>el).ouvteli " tpltte;. A1I6 tllV a),),l], ulIapxouv j.lcyo),ol ),oTlvOIYOIOKt"j.lOVee; j.I£Ta~Uautoov nou ocpc().ouvtell. 12. OUak KOIcibal (= djebel OTOopo~IKa) ata tOUPKIKOKOtOOTIXO oe).. liS. 01 onCC; ),t~CIC;OtO Zep).tVTIle;.lIItouoo),IK" nO).ITc(o, at).. 43, 60 64. 13. To cyypocpo out6 (ItOUtlVQI OTIlVItpoYJ.IQTlK6tlltaan60nooj.lo tWV tOUPKIK<IlV q>OPO).oYIKWV KatOOTIXwVtOU 1670) Ollj.lOaleli91lKEj.I£oplaj.ltvo )'69l] aTO Zcp)'tVTIl<;,II>COuOaJ.IKtf1fo).mfa ICOIj.lt OUVTOJ!£lJj.ltVl] j.lOpq>" OIQj.lOOOU tV6c; latOplKOU xtlpoypacpou tl)(; Na~ou ato J. K. Fotheringham. Marro Sanudo. conqueror o/the Archipe/ago, Oxford 1913 at),. 122 123.. A81KO,0 D. Jacoby (Lajodalill en Gr~ce mldilva/e, Paris - La Haye 1971. Documents ct RecherChes X, at),. 2S4) 10Xup(~ttal 6fl 01 I1YEj.l6vec; twV topoi OUTOVtOU Kata),6you tlval OtllV ItAtlO'l'Ilq>{atOUe;·E),),l]vet;· atl]v ItPoYj.lotlK6tllta elVOI axeS6v 6),01 J\at{vol. . 14. ZcpHvtlle;, II>coUOO).,Krjno).mia at),. 13 - 15. IS. ZcpHvTIlc;. II>COOOa).IKtfno).,.refa, at).. 21 - 22, cfYlo j.lIOKotOatoall lIop6j.1010j.lt tl]<; 'Avopol) 1I0UouvtXI~6tov j.ltXPI opKCTaIIp60cpota. A. n. noaxo).'1C;, NOptKd 'E8f1la r'1l; vtfl10U 'AvJpou. A9"val 1925, OM. 1213. 16. ZcpHvtl]e;. II>tOuOaJ.,Krj 1fo).mla, 49 - 51. 60 - 67. 17. IUj.lj)o).aloypacpIK" Itpci~l] tl)(; 'AvSpou 1IOUavalptpetal at Ka1fOIOVtopos Otl] BI~l(xnlKl] tOO BOtlKaVOU,cod. Vat. Graec. 2639 (Xpovo),oydtol 25 VII 1571). rta tl] M,,),o ~).t1ft Z. A. Booc;, Noof Kal va0.5pla r1Ir;Mrj).ou. A9"val 1967. at),. 167,267 Kal ta tOUpKIKaCPOP0),0YIKa KaTaatlXO at),. 382 lCQl385. rio tllV Kto ~ktnt: I. T. BloPI~Ile; Al B6),al tile; v"aou Kt.~, E1fcr'1plr; ErQJpeiar; Bli:avtlvwv E1fou&iJv 19(1949) at),. 26 - 74. 18. KOlO til OIOPKtlOtOu XV Oloovato q>touoo Otll Na~o t:lCxwPOUVtOV

eVQVTItvae; j.ll]v6C;UIt0XP£llltl"" epyaola 8EV~ava~p(aKOUj.lEthOlOU £150UC;UItOXPtllltlKee;tpyaa(ee; at j.lttayevEOttpa tyypwpa j.ltXPI to 1441: au),),oy" OUj.l~o),o(wvtOU IIII),WtlOU,ae),. 143, 164 - 165, 174 - 175. 20. AWptciltO),),oovtopoi 0116TOVe~polo OOUKO Joseph Naci ovoq>epetOI oro: Zep).tVTl]e;, rpO.PI·lara, rwwra/wv OoOKWVat),. 95 - 97. 21. To tyypacpo ou,6 81lj.lOOleu9l]Keam: ZepA£VTIle;rpdjJj.lara re.t~viauovaooKwv, au. 114. 22. ToupKlKa CPOP0),0YlKaKatOatlxa, at),. liS. 23. Miller, Lichtle, oe),. 442 - 443. H (810 01lcltll YLV6tovKal ue to cp6po 1t0Uoltaitouaav 01 Beverol mv EItOX"ItOUKuplapxouaav att<; KUK),aoec; KOta Til OlaplC£la tOU 1t0),ej.lOUtile; Kp"tll<; (1645 - 1669); Archives de la Propaganda Fide, Rome, Scritture riferite nei Congressi, Arcipelago I 0, f. 206. 24. V. Laurent, La Mission des Jesuites a Naxos de 1627 a 1643. Echos d' Orient 33 (1934), at),. 21S - 226,354 - 375' 34 (1935),97 - 105, 179 - 204, 3S0 - 367, 412 - 41S; T6j.1oC;34 ae),. 362 - 363. 25. Archives de la Propaganda Fide, Scrilture riferite ne! Congress! Arc!pelago 2 a, f. 36 - 37' ibid. Acta, ttOc; 1670, f. 157 Kal 22Ov. ZepkEVTl]C;,lI>eoo&z).IKrj 1fo).,reia, ae).. 27 - 2S' n. r. Zep),tvtl]C;, laToplKd E'1pclwpara &K rOI) PlP)'foo TWV tV Nd~w KOJIOVKfvwv, EPiloUItO),IC;1924. at),. 41 - 42. 26. ZepHvTl]e;, ~£OUIia),I"" nO).lt£(O, at),. 33 - 36' Miller. Lichtle, at),. 442 - 443. 27. ZcpAtVTIlC;,lI>eovOa).JKrj no). Irela , atA. 39 - 41. 28. IXttlKa j.lt tl]V OIKOVOj.llK" 1C0taataol] ato 1II1),<IlTI OTIlal]j.lcplv" enox". ~).tIlC Elizo Matsuki. A village community in Naxos, communal lands and shepherds of Philoti. Siudies in cultural aspects o/Ihe Medile"aneQIIislands. Research Group/or Ihe Medilerranean al Hitotsubasch University. Tokyo 1979, at).. 29 • 47. 29. J\clttoj.l£pe(c; ntplypo<ptC; twv oplwv tou topos tou 1II1kwnoo, Otl]v opo).oyla tOU Ilytj.l6va, Xpovo).oyouj.leveC;on6 to 1665 atll auk),oy" OUI'j)o),olwv, ack. 189 - 190. E).),IlVIK6l:yypaq>otOU 1474, Ol1j.1Oal£Uj.leVO ato Ztp).tVTIlC;, II>COVaa;"Ktf Ito).,re/a ac),. 43 - 45 51vcI to 6PlO j.I' tvov tp61t0 ItIO acpolplK'6. Ta tOUPKIKOKOtoanxo 0ltapl9j.1ouv tie; KaUlepy"alj.lllC; yalet; TOUtopos OTt<;at),. 145 - 146. 30. IuUo~ ouj.l~o),(l(wv tOU 1II1),<Iltlac),. 157 - 161, cf. yla tOYPascale j.l10ouj.lj)o),aloypacpIK" IIpa~l] tTlt; N~ou atll ~1~),I09"1ClltOU Mouoelou Correr atll Bevctla, P. D. 830/42. 31. C. Hopf, Chroniques Greco - Romanes intdiles ou peu connues, Berlin 1873, ac),. 492. 32. Hopf, Chro"iques, at),. 481. Boal~ouj.lc tl]V nop£KK),l]a" j.I~, 0116 til YEVIKOall00t:lCt" Xpovokoylo tile; ~oal),&(~ tou OOUKOGuillelmo II (1453 - 1461 oVTIYIO 1453 - 1463) 0& allj.l£loollllou nopotiOttOI ac 1'10 allj.l!k>),oIOYPWPIK"IIP~Il t'1<;Kpntlle;: Archivlo di Stato, Venise, Notal di Candia: Nicolo Cradenigo, 8100,,1Cl]tOUGuillelmo Crispo 4 VI 1449. H 00r pea ato v680 ~ploKttai OTI1auk),oy" ouj.ll3o),alwv tOU 1IIv.<Iltl,ae).. 147148. 33. Zcp)'t.VTl]c;.lI>eocx5ollK/f 1fo).,rcla. OtA. 12. (1IIatWOUj.l£6TI 0 Zep),tVtlle; 1I0pAkEl'l't Oplaj.ltve<; YEVt~ tWVCrispo OtO ~1A6lt1 1I0paOIOoVT~ tllV t~"c; olaoox", Nicolo da Corogna, Piero Crispo, Giacomo CrisPo, ZollZello Baroni. 0 Piero Crispo, Ilytj.l6vac; tOU ~V.WTlOU,0 onoloc; aoj.l<pWVO j.I£tiC; at),. 178 - 179 tll<; ou),),oy"C; al)j.I~),al(l)v nOVTp£unol to 1560, OtVj.l7I0pti vo £IvaI 0 Ol'oooC;8100OXoc;tOU Nicolo da Corogna, nou y£wn91lK£ ItplV to 145I. Av TO tyypaq>o 1I0U0l]j.lOOltU91lK£ato ZcpAtVTIlC;,lI>eolHSa).IKtfnOAlrela, otk. 43 - 45 acpopa TOVK),aoo twv Crispo alO 1IIv.<Iltl.TOtyypocpo out6 ).laC;1I0ptxel tvo£I~Il tile; owoox"e; ICI~£IC; £Xooj.I£OUVTO~£ItOY lCataA.oyo j.I~ OUj.lq>Illvoj.I' out6 to tyypwpo. 34. I:uUo~ aUJ.Ipo),o(wv tOU 1II1A,(lltloU, 0&).. 145 - 168, 249, 253 - 254, 257, 286 - 287 (01 ou(oec; 277 - 279 OtO Vat. Crace. 2736). 35. Propapnda Fide, Visite c Colleai I, f. 398 - 467' E9vlKQ Apxt(a, A9"va, ouU~ Z&pktVTIl<;cpalC.44 - 59: lIaltl1C6olataYII4 yw to yaj.lOtOU Giacomo Baroui j.I&Tl]V Adrianetta Crispo, 1611. 36. IuUo~ oUj.l!k>).alwvtOU 1II1),WtlOO,at),. 271 - 272. 37. An6 tva acpQAj.loato Hopf Chronlques, ac),. 483 £j.lcpav('etal oov yuvalKo TOUGiacomo Baroui j.l10K6Pll tOUCirolamo Sommaripa, cf, au),- 0~"yI. ),oyn alJt!~o).olwv ask. 182 - IS6. '

31

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38. IuUo~ aUj.I!k>),alwvTOU1II1Awnou,au. 231 - 232 (all] OU).).O~ rtecpQvou), ae).. 240. 39. IuUoy" aUj.l~o),alwv lOUIIIIAwn, ae).. 223 - 229 (atll ou),).oyl\ rTe<pavou). 40. ApxE(O tll~ Ka90kIK"e; ApxltmaKolt"C; tl]e; Trivou, 4/4. 41. IuUo~ ouj.l~o)'olwv TOUIIIt),wtl, oek. 231 - 3 II. 42. ZcP),£Vtl]C;,II>COuOa).,Krjnoaieia, 59 - 60, BOKOMlIou),oC;.n'1yer; r. I. 291 - 29S. 43. H avaq>ep6j.1EVl]olT(a uJtcipxel j.ltaa OTIlVl810 til 8Ia .."lipl]~l]. 44. 0 Tp61t0e;j.lt tOY oxotov OUVTOX91lKav ta tOUPKIKclCPOP0),0YlKcl Katciatlxa roo 1670 OVOlttoooetal OTOB. J. Slot, Archipelagus turbatus.Jes Cyclades entre colonisation latine et occupation 0110mane c. I SOO - 17I 8 (Leiden - Istanbul 1982: Publications de I' institut historique - archeologique neerlandais de Stamboul r. 5I), at),. 212 - 2I3 Kal 294 - 310. Itov Kata),oyo aUT6v, ~ovoaUvaVTaj.l£ tiC; yaltc; tOU ~1),WtlOU OtiC;at),. 61 - 63 (yalee; 1t0UU1l6KCIVtOIaTO aUVl]910j.l£VOtYYlllOcp6po). 131 (topos tTl<;1111vt)'la) Kal 145 - 146(top os tOUIIII),wtlou). Allv tXOUj.lEKa96),ou aKpl~" 5t80j.ltva YIO'to oUOTIlj.laj.llltp"a£lllC;ItOUXPl]Olj.lOnolclto. Elval j.lovaoec; j.lttpl]allC; n£plEX0j.l£VOU 1I0Uant~Ilaov j.lovcioec;emcpavclac; (Yla tiC;yalEe; 7IOUe7lp6KettO va anop90uv). H )..t~l] binek &Ivai 11 tKtOUpKlaj.ll:Vl]epj.ll]vtlo tile; ).t~Ile; pinaki 1I0UouvOvtatOI atll N4l;0 ,,511at tyypacpo tl1C;£110xl\<; Tl]C;).QtIVIK"<;Kuplapxlac;. I"j.I£pa. yvwpl~ouj.l1laK6j.1a6n to pinaki 1f·ou1000UVOj.lOOOll axc06v)!t 10 KI).a OItOPI, Zep)'tVTl]e;, rpaj.lj.lOta IIIpciYKWV50UK<IlV, ac),. 142, olvtl tiC;oxtatlC; tWVj.lOVOSwV )!ttpl]Olle; 1I0UaltaVT<IlVTal ata tyypacpo Tl]e;CItOX"e;tl]C;),anVIK"C; lCUploPxlac;atl] N~o. 01 (I)II:C;j.lova5ec; XPllOlj.101l010UVTai ae tyypoq>o atllv ItO),IKI\ y)'<ilaao an6 tllv t1lOX" twv TOUpKWV.nap6),a auta. OJ.lq>IPci),).oUj.lC yla tl]V aKp(~la twv 8£00j.lEVWV1101)1I0ptXCI 0 ZepA.EVTIlC;. H VOj.lIOj.lOnK"j.IOva50 1t0U XPllalj.loltol£{tol eivol to akce nOI) tK&(vIl lllv t!tOX" 1008uvOj.Iouo£ j.lt 1/120 TOUla1l0VIKOUreal. 45. 0 ItIVOKae;aut6e; O&Vn£pv.aj.l~clv£1 Itapa tic; Kt"acl<; alO 1II1),<Iltl, auj.lcpwvaj.lCta tOUpKlKa KatOatlxa at),. 61 - 63.01 Kt"a&le; tlllVaoc),cp6lv Antonio Kal Crusino Baroni tlCt6C;Tl]e;No~ou 8ev altaplOj.lOuvtal, I)lto).oyl~ouj.I£nw<; autte; Ot tt),cutalcc; q>oPO).oYOUVTOI j.I£Tlj.l" Ittplltou 2000 ute to Xp6vo.

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46. ToupKIKa q>OPO),0YIKcl KataaTlxa. ac),. II, 67 - 75, S8 - 108. 47. TOUPKlKOCPOP0),0YlKOKatcla'Clxa, at),. 87, 147 - 14S, 156 - 15S. 48. ria tOUe;IKoutOPll ~).tn£; C. N. Sathaw, MV'1~ela T'1I; EUJ,VIKIjr; /atop ku; Documents inedits relattfs Ii la Grece au Moyen Age. 9 t. (Paris 1880 - 1890). T. 4, oe)... 236 - 239, 242 - 244. 307 - 309; Zuane Mocenigo, provveditore generate del Regno di Candia. Relazione ( ed. S. G. Spanakes), : MVl]j.leia tl]C; KPl]tlKI\C; lotopl~ r. 4 (HpOK).tIOV 1940), at).. 165 49. TOI)PKIKO taumx» KartiulIXO. 401 (J\tovap8oc; Kaipl]C;.. 404 (Gaspsro Conelestaufo), 0).),0 ru 8t50j.1tva nav(U e' auta to IIp6awna avaq>tpovrm ee j.l10Iteplq>l:ptla Ito),u tlCtetaj.leVl]. nou ntpl).aj.l~VEI apK£tcl XWPIO Kal 8ev tlval 016),ou Itpo08toplall£va KatO xwpl6, 61t1ll<;atl] Nol;o. SO. Xapro9'o).aKlJ{ rou 1I>,),wnoo 191- 217 (0. 205 - 217 om ou),),oy,; tTtcpQvou). 51. Propaganda Fide. Scritture riferite net Congressi, Archipelago 2 a. fJ 36 - 37.

52. AtV.tXOUj.lEavtlypaljlel tiC;at).(Scc; 1t0Uavaq>tpoVTal OTIC;C),It.C; Ylatl j.la~Ipa(vctal 6tl 5ev Ittpl),aj.l~avouv tllV 1I),1'tPl]apiO~ll]all tlllV c),atootvopwv tOI) IIIIAwnou. 53. TOUPKIKOroplOXO KartiCTlXo. II. 33 - 41. 69 - 75. 54. MATSUKI. Village communlly. cil. 41 - 42. 55. TOUPKIKOraplaKo Kartil1T1Xo. 126- 130. 133 - 136. 167- 169. 174- 175. 176. 56. TOUPKIKO roplaKo KaraaTIXo. 132. 137 - 139. 15S. 170. 172. 57. n. Ztp).tVtTl, IKtT"PIOVypaj.llla twv IIII).wTcltooVItpOC;TOVOIKOUIlCvIK6v ltatploPXl]V Koaj.lov tOY alt6 A),~av5pdac; lCaTa TOUTlj.lapl<IlTOU OUtWVXpuoav9ou M1Iap6tai htl 1714... Nl]aIWtIK" Elttt'1ple;K, 1(1918). 137 - 140. 58. EeVIKa APXelo, Ae"va. latopIK6 apxclo B).axoYlclw'1 Koo8. 28. 107. 59. M. 'ilappa, IIII).ovIKla IIII).otltooV lCal IIIcouMpxl]. to npaYj.lotllCO tile; altta ... Na~loK6v Mt),),ov .. (q>I),O).OYIICYl tKooall), 19111.np. 448 (14). 4. Evppo).alO'lPOlfllKCr; npd~Clr; ura plp)'fa Ilcraypwpwv nil; KOIVOr'lrar; Xa).KI Nol;ou. t6j.1oe;74 (w. 245) Kal t6j.1oC;84 (w. 79). Auto Ta aToIxela j.l01)tYI-

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YKevt~ 1(1 0 noodt; tap,leav K' IJKoAooaa. KOJAovp,napolec;ap,I:rP'1tte; dKovte; Kal PPOVTOooo.. KOJ TOtte; d.Uo KaTepyo xovrpo el(tl alp,wvel I(al plXTtl p,taa A.OVp,napOIec; TOVTCoop,a (JavaTwvtl. eal(OTwae TOVro A.M Kal I(el.or; ElpOPtiO'1 I(al KatW ano -r'1 npup,v'1v tOV tmit 1(' tKpovPIO'1 Kal KaVEl veup,a 0 ,!aadt; onOlor; p,nopel va <puyel. eYla va yA.uatl t'1 Cw~, I(al T' dpp,ata onov avolytl nov 'YIV'1p,tyac; TCaKlap,Or;elr; TWV TOVPKWT'1 p,ea'1, Kal KolTo{er; TOn~o.oc; a(Jpwnol y,a va n).lael. Kerpd).la ene<pTaaTO YlaA.6KOJxepla va povA.ooal 1(' 01 naplavol erptp,aal noaa. y,a va &pOOOI anoo 'Tove etr; Ta pOlJvd andvw Kal KOITtiCa. K' eUyav KVPI' tU"aov, Kal TO 8eov eKpd{a. aTO rpovo TOVapATP'1TOK' elr; T'1 'p,atoXl)(lla nov (J~a va Ta l(aY'ovve KaTom to. Vf1C1lo.. ETa KOnava ep,nalvOOIva <po)'OVVtKIVOooa. K' /JKelva enalpva A.OIJp,naptSltr; K' e07toooa K' tpOOA.o6<1o..

T' a).A.OV00100.K' ttpvnovvra Kat flC; unopc! va OI'1Y'1(Jela' oVA.a ra ndO'1 tTOuro.. Tou!!; 0 Kanttav naaac; f.(fJvyeKI oVA.a T' (LUa. K' 01 XPlaflavol va olwxvaal KI' alp~vav TO. peyd).a Kapdpla K' 01 O'ov).ravec;TOValp~KaO'I 1(' tlpvya. KI OVA.aO'T'1VI;epa ~pOavt xtu ra paOepla avoiya: K' 01 TOVPKOIeoloa ato Ylalo Y'l enviyoovta tpyalva O'r" y'ff; Yla va ylvrWauvve xar 1rpOC;r" Xwpa eunalva 01 Xtnauavo! UTI alpacavt KI ouAour; ta ' anoyAaKoVaa, K' tIC; ro Yla).o Tal' mvivaa: p' oAo 1rOVmpoaxovotoa; OVA.a 'owKav tIC; ro v'1O'(oYla va rO'aKI07tOVO'I. «at ra A.lyva ra Karepya anooeKef KIVOVClI K' 01 XPIO'tlavol fa tOI(.bxvaO'Ixa: ra Kapdpla alp~Ka. xtu npor; tal POOoC;TO v"O'I clap vaal K' CP1r~Ka. To. Ko:repya tqluyavt. ta xaxaxooxiauiva; KTJ.I ra Kapdpta atn Nal;/(l tIC; ro vna! axouhva. H(JtJ..avOVA.OItOY 1raO'dro nWf; roy eaxoubaa au 1rOVva ypd",w ra KaKd nov evlvnca» ra TOUa. wadv elpVyav01 exOpol Kal & unopei Tal O'WClOV • CIC; Na<l(l cyoplaov« evxapIO'rul va &bO'ov. Kat TO. Kapdp/Q ato vnat nox; ~TOVCOwPOVO'I plp,tva tIC; ta' aKpaYla).,cc;Kal p1rAIO &v 1rOA.CPOool xa: 01 yaA.larO'er;tiTO CKefue K6.0t eva opdol au va 1(0AouvapKOp,nOIJCIec; 01 Tovpl(ol K' 01 UOAvtdOoI. EVrJXTlaat KI • avlueve vta va napaOoOovO'I KI dew artl y"r; cawl(aul va no. va Kpoup,arouO'I. Mla aovA.rava ~rovt tIC; Nae,d apaptv'1. atn <epa K' ~rovt 017tA.~aA.tvpla qloprwpev" K' tn~yav «at tn pydAaal uc tn xapd tnv toon, K' 01 TOUPKOIol;w CIC;r'l Y'lC;cpY~Kav rcrpaKOO'IOI. Eto povaO'f~pl t1t~yaO'I onou •rcvc UTQ OP'l. pt <p6poKal 1rOAtiKQt]pO0 Ayap'lvor; c(Jwpel. Elr; ro POVVOt1ttjyaal ar'lv IJKKA.'1O'16. ep1r~Ka rourol Kal l(aartAwvovral pE r'lv nepluO'Ia TrplKa' rplytipa cO'raA~paveK' ~fove paCwpevOl, y/Q va paA.waOlJvral X(pl)Uf1avor'x; ~ravc apblVlaClpevOI. Tov KVP BaO'lA." BartlAt: va no. p/~O'el. KI' 0 l(ant:nlVloc; twv TOUPKWva 'pOCI va 1rpOUKUv~uel. Ma el(e/vol Oev '10e).aal p,a t).lya v· anoOdvov• KI' 01 YKCVCP6J.eC; OPIO'tKal ra Kapdp,a pydvov Ka·1aepvovvra O'fO TrtAaor; 1(1' a1rdKCIKPacel KI aUour; Karepyol(opo~ 1(1 Opxovrte; KOJVOP1r1A.O~ JlCYd..to~. Ka·1ntpnEI 1rli..t1&6repo. tIC; ro pouvo ral pyavcl. r'1 Ipc& vtOV rwv MWKev Kal p,a navtltpa PaVCI y,a va 'pOOVO'Ielr; T' aqlt:vrdc; opnpoc; va ral KOlra/;EI KI wadv XPlariavoc; Kal Ka).6~ rO'I papKec; tfXt Kpd<t:1 KI' orl {Jaurovv a1tdvw vrwv va P'l TO" arClyavt",ou po. r' Oppara v· aqltlO'oVvt va 1rdve va PI0'8",OV. 01 TOOPKOIeKarep~Kave KaOdJr;roy elxc ra<lJI. KI' anoOeKel ra' anopyoJ.t. xwplc; va rClI nClpd<CI. To. ntAaor; eClKcno{e nVlpcvorx;. al(OTWpevorx; ara 1rtpIYIli..tla vOpxovvra.1KovraoKCIp(l).IO'ptvO~. KOlJ1tla.KarOpfla Kal O'KOIVlaKal npvpcc; rwv Kartpyw. rClaKlO'para rwv Kapap,w. EKdiJOOlvetpyo. Andvw rov Ayap'lvov ra Karcpya envlY~Ka Kal to. Kapdpla C7t~pave.TOUPKOIt1tapat500~Ka. nevre XIA.la&c; CwvravoVr; TOVPKOvr;Kal elpraKoO'1our; aKAdpovC;IJKdp,aC1l el(tl K' brvlc;a li..tA.0~ roClorx;.

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34 Iaropia Evvia Ko.repya AIYVo.xo: ilia j1(UJuva£n~pa, KI' anou to .tpOpo rov nOAUtuiaa vna! £(pupa, aouArdv~ ttalpvet xiooepei; xa: &iJ&Ka Kapo.pla xtu rou naaa eKO'llaVCr ' aKaOapra V'Cou1l00YIa.

BATTAGLIA

35

DATA

A" TPRCal.SOTTO-NnfIK:--··-·

B Anov r'1 cf>pavrC/atart/AC cf>pavrCt{our;OYlo.va 'pOou atnv Kp~r'1 va lla).Waouve no).u KaKO va naOou. ao).vrciaour; nlune: tiaatpeu; X1)./(l&r; va Ila).Waou KI' crourOi V/K'1«tu tlll~ rou paa,).,ov va &iJaou. KI 0 Apllep/yor; nplvtirno; tau arpar'1YOr; eyiv'1 va 'pOCIp' crovrour; ato V'1a/ '1 tp~Il'1 rou va IlC/VIll ancivw a' 0)." tn cf>paYKlcinwr; 01 cf>pavrCt{OIcn~ya KI apxl(ovrer; rov nO).CIlO01 TOOPKOI00).01 £tpuya. o yapbeVaAer;tCI htC'IIe. 0 Ileyar; MatCaplv'1r;. es; t'1r; apllcit5a va 'pOouvenou rov 0 MopcClv'1r; KI' an~r; etpt/d{ave OeKeieu; r~ Na/;/(i. tal pyo.vel va arallar~aouv ato vna! KI 00)." Xwpa nuive: Ma eylvel aVaKcirwa'1elr; to vna! anavw nou 'tpayav oo).a ra oCd ua OeVavafhpcivw. ilia )'/rpa en~yalvc r ' auyo anoo 'Caopv/Ola etpdya vtat! 'lave noMa ao).vtld «at atpvav nOAo npfil,la. Oo).our; ano ra anitia vrw tat pydvaal KI' qmaiva K' 01 Xptattavoi ennaivaoi ()Ir; ra pouvci Kal Iltva, va epblVlaa'Coovoaiuaa) ~ver; va rc aupdaou Kal va aUIlPou).curoualve neut; ra tpoprld va nmoou. o YKcvrpd).er;MopeC~r; ue tnv apllMa Ppaou tptdvcl c&eKefeu; tn Nat;la va alllt;oual OlldOl K' elxc Kapdpla uet ' avroo t1>pavrCtCour;va yell/aci va Pd).cl KI anoo ra v"ala avrpcr; yla va Klv~aCI. •Epya).cv Qpllcva no)')'d apuat« y,a va Kdj1el. IlncproV/a. Karcpya xovrpa ealllt;aal avrfil,ll va ndvc yla va nQpouvc rpl)'opa ra tpopnd vrou Kal r ' Apllep/yo v ' axouatek; tal TOOPKOur; r ' 6vOlld vrou»l.

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1tapa9tao~u; EOro: 'Erm ata latOpllca aTJlJelWlJara elCtOU IllllA{ou tooV EV Na~oo lCa1tOulC{voov ttEl 1649 - 1753. ola~a~OlJt:

.. . . . .. .. 01 at(XOI tlval an6 tOV ..KpTJtlICO n6AtlJ0" (1645 - 1669) tOU Maplvou T~avt MnouvlaA1\ Kal avalptpovtal: to A' litpo~ arTJv lCatavaUliaXTJaTJtoU 09wliaviKou at6AOu an6 tOUe;Evetou~. atl~ 10 10UAiou 1651. av~taa ato atev6 ncipou - Nci1;ou2. lCal to B' one; lCaraatpOq>e~ nou £nElptpav ta yaAAltca ay1\liata. 6rav atTJ olaplCela tOU (OIOU nOAelioo, ata 1661. ano~lf}aatTJKaV at11 Nci~oJ. 0 tOUPK11C6~ atoAO~ lieta an6 tTJ auotTJliatllC1\ anolpuy1\ tTJ~ avalittpTJat1~ tOU IJt tOV EvetlK6 at6AO avaylCa~etal teA1Ka va TOVaVtlliUwn(ael ato o(auAo tTJe;Na~ou - ncipou. H navooAE9p(a roov TOUPKooVunt1p~t an6 rlli lieyaAUtllp£~ 6A.ou rou noAtlJou4. Ta tOUpICIKa lCapa~la nou 1\tav atTJ Na~o p(XtTJKav atTJv ~TJpaICI01 TOUPKOI, t£tpaKoaol ntp(nou Kat~lpuyav Kal KpUlptTJKav a' eva lioVaat1\pl aTa 6pTJ -m9av6tara atov 'ATJ rlciVVll to Xpuaoat6lioKI EK£( vtalinOupW8TJlCav Yla va aliov90uv. 'Olioo~ dnOlO~ "ICUPBaa(ATJC;",anOataAlievoc; tooVEv£trov avaAali~civ£1 tTJ Ii EaOAaIlTlaTJ Yla rTJv napaOoaTl tooV to{JplCooV.X(J)p(~ IiQXTI. 01 TOUPICOIapX1ICa apvlOuvtal aHa 6tav ~EflalwvoVtal 6t1 Ot 9a nelpaxtOUv napaolOovtal. ItO Ii£ta~u TJ9ciAaaaa Kal 01alCpoYlaAlt~ elxav YCIi{aEI an' ra ICOUlpaplatooVTOOpKWV.AnroAele~ 5700 TOUPICOIaIXIJQAWrol. aHOI r600l 1rV1YlitvOI lCal 26 lCapa~la tOUpICIKa ata Xtpla twv EvEtoov'.

-

6tKa XP6vla apy6ttpa. tvro 0 n6AE1J0~E~aKoAou9e{. yaHllCo.. arpattUlJata. nou ateAvovtal atTJv Kp1\tTJ Yla ev(OXuaTJ,anolllPci~ovtal ata 1660 - 61 npwta atTJ Na~o, 6nou eKe{ 9a tp9El va ta auvavt1\atl 0 Mop~{vTJ~· H Karaatpolp1\ ato Vl1a( 1\tav Iityo.ATJ, KUPl6ttpa an6 tnt~IjITJ tpOIp(liooV. Ylat( ~npEnt eva IilKp6 vTJa(, aav t11 Na~o, va 0la9ptIjItl 4.000 XIA. atpat6 nou anof}IPciat11lCe a' aut6. 0 MnouvlaA~~ ntplypalptl lit ta ~ooTJP6ttpa XPwliata• 6noo~ IlAtnOlJt tTJV ..avaKatooaTJtl~ to v11a(.., 6nou 01 aOAvtcioOI ., lj)Qyav oUAa ta 0~a ..6. 6ev cilpTJaav auy6 oute 6pvl9a KI aIC6lia Illlya~av an6 ta an(tla tOU~ tO~ lCatohcou~ Yla va li£(voUV 0\ (0101 lCal oltra~av tTJ 01>ylCtvrpwo11 liByciAooVnoaot1\tooV tp0Ip(IiWV Yla ta nAo(a'. AK6lia Kal atpatoA6YTJaTJ avtpoov tKalie Yla va tO~ f}aAel ata nAo{a'. 'Htav aATJ91Vato. liaupa xp6V1a Yla tOU~ Kato(KO~. Ylat( ~p(alCovtav avcilieaa atl~ aUIi"CATJyaOe~ tOUPKooVKal atvetalavwv. 'Ot TOUPICOIauxvci AETlAarOuaav ta vTJala t1 tllioopoooav to~ !Cci.t01KO~. Ylat( tKpuflav 1\ lloTJ9c)\)aav tO~ Bev£tauivouli Koupacipo~. AvciAoya IpEp6vtouaav Kal 01 Ev£to( Yla to~ aVt(geto~ A6YOUli. Yltapxouv apKEtci ~yypalpa Kal latOpllCci 0'lliooIEUliata ICci I.IEta napancivoo ytyovota aTTJNci1;o nou aKOltlliO ICp(VO\)~

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tOU elCnapla{oov npoaooPIJ{a9TJaav tl~ Na~ov otlCa lCal tP£I(; ntphtou yaAI6tai tooV Btvetrov apXolJtvou tOU KpTJtllCOUnOAtIJOu' KatenAeuaav tTJV auy1\v lCal tUpov tO~ nAe{atOU~ Elattl ICOIlJoolJtvou~'KattAalpUpaywYTJaav 6AOV to Ko.atpov Kal ~AtTJAciTTJaaV ta no.vta Kal aur6v tOV AplJo.voov, o~ ~lptpe OaKtUA{oU~Kal aAUael~ tK xpuaou, 009e(a~ autw npo~ IpUAa~IV Kal olo.aooalV tIC TTJ~ AtTJAaa(a~, auvavt,,9t{~ 6Iioo~. lieto. toov Atlltvtcov tV tOOKaotpoo. TJptuvTJaaven' autou Kal alp1\peaav tK toov Xelptooov autou, AtyoVte~ 6t1 taUra 1\aav avapli60la ola tOU~ Kanoudvo~' lCal aut6 to lCa90AIK6v oev t~TJPe9TJtautTJ~ tnd eupov tOV lCao1\vtTJ~ v1\aou evt6~ tOU ItpOlpUAalC(ou. tlpoopa9TJo· elCtTJ~ cilCpa~toU tv8UlJato~ autou. 1\ tlielvev eICt~· tOUtO eytvtto ttEI aX1i9: (6. 8). 1649. To tto~ toutO tpladOaIKa yaAI6rai XPlotlaV1Ka{ EAe11MtTJaav Kal Kateatpeljlav to Kciatpov (a. II). 1652. Kata to ~tO~ tOUtO 0 Bevetoov vauapXo~ t\OUOOIl{KO~ MovKev(yo~' 1\pato Aalinpav vauliax(av £I~ Ntpl6 lie9' 0 ItpoaooPIJ(a9TJIlI~ Nci1;ov, oltta~E va Ijlci~l1 to Te Deum tv tOO napa tOV alYlaAOV varo tOU ay(ou Avtoov{ou IiTJouval.ltvo~ va aveA9TJElli to Kciatpo noOaYPoli oov.~OwKEYEvva(av EAtTJIiOauv11v tOI~ ITlaou(tau; tOI~ Kanou1C(vol~ Kal tOI~ aOKoAoVOI~ (a. 21). 1653, M11v~ lavouap(ou EIKOat1\ nprot11. 0 vauapx~ twv

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+ 1653. MTJv6~ Maprtou f.IICOatrj tKtTJ. KattnA£uaav c~ yaHpal ~eVttIKa{ tn£vtYlCouaal I.ItyaAa~ lCataarpo<pa~ (a. 35) . 1659. En{ tTJ~TJYOulicvcla~APIiQVOOU(tou CICnapla(oov) alp(KETO0 Kan£tav naaad~ (AA1\e;) tOU at6Aou tTJ~KprjtTJ~' 00Ot{~ TooVlC~tO{lCooV napouC1la~Cto npo autou. ~Atnwv O· 6Tl naVtt~ tKpUntOvto Kal tlptuyov. antiATJac nupn6ATJaiv tooV naVtoov' rOUtO alCouaac; 0 AplJciv1)o~ oievorj9TJ va cl.lno1){aTJ Kal 0late9cllitvo~ wv va npoalp£PTJcaur6v untp tTJ~xwpa~ c~t1A9c TOU1.I0vaatTJP(ou 6noo~l.Ietaf}t( napa tOO naaaa' littafalvoov auvr\vTTJae nAe(atou~ AE~eVta~ lCaO' o06v. 01 auv£a~ov Kal oo01\YTJaavCI~to lioVaat1\plOv tcov 1TJaOulTwv,ev9a auvtAaf30v En{OTJ~lCal laaaK tov tIC AutpouTJ~ Kal rov t\OUOo~(KOVAarlC6v' lCal tou~ tPE1~ Ot tOUtOU~ooorjYTJaavEl~ rTJvyaAEpav. EVTJEKparrj9TJaav teaaapa~ r\ ntvtc lJr\vce;9aAaaaonopouv:e~ tr\oe lCaK£lae' cp6aaaaal oe al yaAtpal El~ X{ov TJAeu9tpooar,aav Kal 01 tPEI~ I.ICTal.IeyoATJ~ouaKoA{a~ ola tTJ~anot{aeoo~ nEVt1\lCovra aKOUOooV 01' tva ElCaatOv. AneAeugepw9tvte~ oe £K tTJ~ al'XJ.IaAooa{a~enavrjA90v tl~ NO~ov (a. 81).

1649. En{ TJYOUlJtvouAplJavoou

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BEVEtWv BQpllapo~ enealCtljlaro to uovaorriprov TJIJWV EV TTJ n6A£1 lCal lJerQ ro YEUlJato 1i0Vaott1Plov TJl.lwvEVrTJE~OXr)

-

1661. To troe; tOUtO 01 yaAA11C0(arparo( oll:xE(lJaaav tv NO~ooKal ta eAtTJ. a toooKav TJlJlv. eXPTJa(lJeuaav npo~ ayopav tou Epu9pou Kal rou npaa(vou tcinTJto~, tWV <pE~OV(ooV, twv napulpoov Kal r(.l)Vnapan£taalJciToov tou ~t1liaro~ lCal navt6e; if):ailiou np~ atoAlal.l6v. rjpxev aurw 0 rp£l.Iovll{HTJ~ (a.


,Orav EjUi,).(J)UEV " apuata

36 Iatopia -

1662. to flOC; rooro tu yaAAuca atpan:oJ.1ata un6 tOY KapaJ.16i:yvov,rou fpoJ.1ovP{Hou avaxroPtlaavtOC;, EnavtlA90v EIC; Na~ov 6reou ou:XdJ.1aaav KapoAoc; 0 EKPl:lJ.1C; EoiOaalCEv aav rpirnv t11C;tEaaapaKoattlC; yaAAlat( Kat 01 ll)aouitat Eo{oaaKOv EVana~ yantati Kat ttaAlat{· EK Na~ou aVEXc.i>pnouv Ota faHiav Eni 000 paalAIKwv nAoirov, EA96vtrov npoc; napaAaPtlv autwv Kal Enl 000 aAArov vaoA09l:vtrov, AH~LOC;0 EK Xliptp'lC; aVExwP'laE J.1Et' aotwv (a. 83). 1663. To l:tOC; rouro EXproJ.1atla9'l Kal epEpVlKW9'l to tEJ.1nAOV un6 60J.10V{KOUtOU E~ AJ.1IEV'lC;, oc; Otl:J.1EVEV htl nvd EtC;Movit~ta EV J.1lKPWoroJ.1atlrol:vavtl tOU vcou tOU ayiou <J>payK{aKou Xaplv trov <J>paYKrov,EV ro EoioaaKev, 6tE 01 nAEiatOl trov Kato{Krov olEIlEvav tV tOlC; aypo{c; tVEKa trov TOUPKrov, 01 areolhPa~6J.1EvolauvEAaJ.1pavovtooe; KatoiKouC; (a. 84) 1666. Tro £tEL toutro l:atElAeV 0 llaplC{rov BlAAac; elC;Na~ov trov nap' autw tlVae;, 01 aUvavt'l9EVtec; IlEta tOU Iroawou r ouatl vlavou Kal tOU UtOUautou XpOUaaK'l Kal aAA.rov,auvolaAEy6J.1£VOlOE 0 10uanvtavOe; e{reEvon 0 apX'1yoe; autwv OEVEnOAeJ.1El IlEta trov TouPKroV, ana J.1anOV Kata trov powv, trov OaJ.1aAErov Kat trov repo~atrov t'lC; N~ou' Ot MyOl OOtOI AEX9l:vtEC;Ele;tOY J.1apKirovaBinav 'lVOXA'laav autov nOAu Kat areEq)(iatae va areoate(A'l to auvtaYJ.1a autoo Ete; Na~ov {va tpe(j)'ltat Kata pOUA'latv, 6re(J)e; I)tM~11 autoOc; va 0lllAwat J.1etarepoaOXtle;' mota aKouaaVtEe; Ot Kaatplavoi Kal iva Katarepaiivroow autov, reapEKaAeoav Ej.1l:oreroC; j.1Etapwete; . Avopov, ev9a tltav to otpdteuJ.1a KattKEtEUOro autov ola to npaxgev aJ.1apt'lJ.1a·nauAOC; 0 E~ AJ.1tev'lC;J.1etapru;eKt! oncol:x9'l EUJ.1tveatata unO tOU J.1apK{rovoe; reap' ou huxe t'lV aUYXWP'latv' ana 0 IT]aoultT]e; KaoeyvT]e; IlUepT] J.1tt' autou Kat 0 BiYAac; xapl~6J.1EVOC; tOte; tT]Oou(talC; J.1etfyroKal Otha~E npoe; tlllrop{av trov att{oov Kal trov aHrov va anotiaWOL tplaKOOta aKouOa npoe; aveYEpalV vatolou npoc; tllltlV tOU ay(ou <J>paylC(oKou:::apep(ou, ou e(j)epe to 6voJ.1a· ta XPtlJ.1ata ouveAt~aV Ot l'lOoottat Ot E~Oyt~OVta vOJ.1(aJ.1ata Kal ereeotpt(j)ov ta liT] ovta tOU roptaj.1EVOU~dpouC;(ooC;edv tltO apyuptOV, 0 E(XOVoave(ott) OXt ano tOUe;att(oue; ana are6 tOU ouotUxoue; AaOl), ro EreepAtl9T]to rep6atlj.10V, ~tot eKat6v yp600ta £1(; to Kaotpov, EKatOV tte; to Mreoupyov Kat tKatOV tte; ta Xropia' to reAe{atOv areoti9T] Iletd Katapwv Kat yoyyuaj.1wv· to tOlO\ltOV t~'lta09T] ureo toov TOUPKroV,IlEta tT]v ElPtlVT]V tT)C;Kptlt'lC;, Ulp' evoe;toaOOuo'l, OC;EpajiOloE tOY l:Ktre{rova, T]YOUj.1EVOV tWV tT]OOUttWVKat to AOUOO~(KOV Aai:K6v. To vatotov WKOOOIl~9'1tK tOU apyup{ou autou (a.

na-

91). 1667. M'1v6C; Anpl)..{ou

-

ElKOOttl tttapt'l a(jl{KetO Aeoov 0 EK KouppinT]e; T]youjleVOC;,oe;OEVE{OEVEVNa~ro tt·lltl taAal7trop{ac; napa trov TouPKroV, Ol tlPxovtO Kal Enav~pxovtO {va jlEtapwOlv ele; Kptlt'lv' Kata mioav atlyJ.1~v *0 T)vayKaall&VOC;va Kpuret'1 oAa ta eTCt1tAatOU J.1ovaot'1piou, va KPUret'1tat Ot Kal autOC;t1 va (j)tuy'1 tte; tOUe;pouvo(Jc;' £rel '1youj.1EvE{ac;autou 'KatEplpaae tae; ttKOVae; tWV ~T)J.1atwvtOU ayiou Avtrov{oo Kat t'1C; Davay(ac; npoc; anoKpu",lV (a. 93). 1668. To l:tOC;toutO roe;Kat tq tn6J.1EVOV1669 naPtlA9Ev 1tA1'tpee;OtroyJ.1WV navttc; Ot Kaotplavo{ Kal Ot M1tOuPYlavo{ Kal Ol Ntoxrop{tal '1vaYKaa911oav va otaJ.1e{vroatvev tOlC;aypo{c; evtKa 'trov TouPKrov, Ot Kata TOOC;xpovoue; autouc; Katl:~11touv toue; Kato{Koue;, ouC;T)XllaAwtEVov Kat aneOtEAAOV EtC; ta AatOjlEia tllC; KPtltT]C;' tK tOUtOU '1vaYKcia911aav 01 KanoulC(vot (va J.1tta~wotv ElC;tT)v E~OXtlV,tOU T]yOUJ.1tvou Aeo-

aJ.1tAElavKal oq>ciAlla OIKOVaac; ee tOUtOV TOVAoyaplaaJ.16 9tAet ~EntoEl TOUvnmoe J.1ac;,l:t~t Kal Ta E~tlC;.EM911 talC; 14 tOU louAiou 1668 Kata to VEO ev tT] Na~{a.

VtOC;jlElvavttc; J.10VOV EV tro J.10vaOt11P{ro· 01 AOI1tO{J.1EtepT\ocv 6nooc;otaJ.1Eivroolvev tTl KWjl'l Movolt~ta KaTwKloav Ot EV J.1tKpattVt olda T\v EntoKEuaoav, oma9Ev tT]C;ollC(ae;tOU flaKOUjlaKT) Kdorpn napa tOO vaw tOU ay{ou <J>paydolCou, oc; nv Ola Tac;npooEuxaC; aUTwv Kal EV 00 t",aU.ov TOVeoxeptVOV Kata tae; EOptac; Kal rnv Kupta~v' eKei9EV J.1Etepalvav ola (j)lAlKac; un'lpea{ac;, Kal EAEITOUPYOuv ttl0E KaKe{oE, KaTa Tac;KuplaKru; OlC;Kata to npOV6J.1l0VTOOV J.10vaxwv,aAAa to npovojnov tOUtO nEplropla9T\ OA.{yov Kat avEtt9'l tro aPXlEntaK6nw Kat coroo amivtoc; TrotoreotT\P'1ttl oC;OlpElAE va avayvoop{aEI tOUtO Ka9' 6aov llaAlOta or mcootrm, aVEU jleyaAT\e; avaYK'1C;eAEttOupyouv tPlC; Kal TOutO {va apxwol

Francesco Barozzi, ftWPYlOC; IKAEpOC; fewpYlOC; XplatOoOOA.OU l:1lJ.1avtlK6 Kal J.1E ~EXroPlat6 EVOlalptpov e{valKal TOaK6Aou90 avtKOotO tyypa(j)o an6 TO «Tiudpro I%IlArot{ou.. to onoto ava(j)tpEtat atllv KataSpOjltl rev fanlKWV ayT]J.1atwvatll N~o Kal ~(j)w vtavEuEl to pa91l6 avaOtatroolle; tOU V'lOIOU ano rnv npoanci9tta trov faAAwv va OUYKEvtpWaouv ta anapa{t11ta Tp6cplJ.1ayta to otpato tOuC;.

(a. 95).

-

1658

1669. Kata to ttOC; tOUtO napeo691111KPtltll EtC;tOUC;Toupo KOUC;,YEVOJ.1tV'lEIPtlV'l BEVETWVKat TOUPKrovKat' aKoAou9tav Ot KanouK(vol EYKatEAEl7tOVta MOvo{t~la Kal Enav1'tA90v tlC; to Kaatpov (0. 96)9.

":::£OlOI..OatC;t'lC; avoogev ypa(jltlC; trov avro9£ anltlWv. 'EatOvTac; Kat twpa va jll1V tXOOjl£Kp{OtV EtC;tOY t6no J.1ac; t11C; A~iae; KattXOJ.1Enroc;Kav6va Kalpo 9E va nt",el 0 0E6C;Kp{Ol Kat OtKatOOuV'l Kat ge va yupt~yoUOt naAt to oiKatO Kat eltEtO~ MV Katexw tOY KatpO tKEivo av EPPE9weyw ~rovtav6c; va J.11)V txw ta olKalWJ.1ata J.1ac;, Yla tOUtO e9tA-1)aa Kat AOytaOa Kat pavw ta eoili KOtro 6Aa Ot' eyypa(jlOO Yla va jl'lv txou ne'(pa~et ta natota !l00 Kat ypalpro t1)V alp0pj.1tl nwe; T] alpOPlltl trov avro9E anlttw Kat ypa!lJ.1atw elval tOOtT\. EJ.1EVa Ot YOV~OlJ.1ouKat we; ta otlJ.1epoKt EYWE{XaJ.1E to At6 tOO 'JIapa poyatopa Kal OOUAElpttlKat ojldOt Kat ta nalola tOU Kat (J)oav OOUAElptaOee; jlOU onol) twe; Elxa tllC; dna Kal oWKaa{ jlOU t' avw9E omtta Kal1\pava to Kpaai j.10Uj.1toa Kat to 'CUp{j.1ouKal ta !layepEjlata J.10UKat tOutOl Evo{yaOt t' avroOeonitta Kal KAEPyao( !l00 j.1toa Kat oev tllp9avt tOUtO aJ.1fnllya(vaal Kat J.1na(vaotv ICt an6 tl1v KaJ.1tVaOaan6 navoo Ylat{ 'KaJ.1atllV n6pta ltOJ.1toa ano aA-Aa an(tta t1)e; avroOEv ftaKOOIl(vae;. AKOIl1) O£v nOWVEVE tOUto jl6vo otav "rove 'Ow 01rppavt(U;ol Kal yup~Pya(TII.IQI;OA.WVW

l:t11V {Ola nEp{oOO avtlKEl Kal to aKOAou90 l:yypa(jlO tOU 1666 1tOU0'lJ.10alEU9'lKe ano tOY I. 6e _ KtyaAAa atT]V ..navowpa»IO Kat aValpl:pEtat, ~aOtKa at'l (j)opoAoy{a twv V'lOlWV areo tOUC;BEVEtOUc;: A~ia 1666 6taJ.1aptuPllatC; trov IuvoiKrov tllC; nOAewc;Na~ou ..KataAa~a{vovtae; jlae; 'l opow{ate; Kal Ta repOOtaYllata tOU u"'llAOtatOu AIp&vtll AlptvtT) <J>pavt~toKoU Mopo~(vT) KapaAltp Kanetav rEVepaAe liE ta onola J.1ae; npOOta~Et va ttOlllaarojleV TO Kpao{ onoo to vT]o{ j.1a<;e{vat KpatT]J.1tvov va O{OT)tOY d9E xp6vov tT]e; raAT)VOTaT'lC;Au9tvt{ac; ola va J.111V EUpT]OTOVEPX0J.16 tllC; T)apjlaoa oooKoA(ae;, Kal jlae; ~ElteOEl OtO VllO{ Ilae; neplao6tEP'l ~llll{a ~'ljl{a Kal t~oooC;. Eyvrop{aa!lEv Ota tOUtO OXl jlOVOV npEnOUJ.1EVOV ana Kat avaYKa{ov Kata talC; OPOtv{alC; onoo ano tOUC;npwllv fEvEpaAlOEe;J.1ae; eM9110av Kat EX0!lEV~aOtOI)J.1EV Kal lpuAaYO!lev ElC;napaooolV J.1E tac; ono{ac; llaC; reapayye{AOuv, va tXEtE ndvta tva j.1tlva npottltepa to Kpaol nou Ka9E Xpovov va o{OttE oac; Eyy{~tt, EtOljlaoj.1tvo, va owaroJ.1tvtl1v e{0110tv eoru; tOOV EnttpOnwv, teptwv Kal npwtoytprov ete;ta xwp{a, ~youv tOU nana KUP MaviliAT) nOA{tT] naltd Atavou 6l:t~T), nan a AnOatOAT] KAou~dtou, nana IroawT] tOU Kpauya, nana rEWpYll BaooaAOU, nana 6T\J.11'ttpT)AvajlatEpOnouAou, J.1totp W~ECPT] KopovtAAOU,AvtwvT\ Ba~oAa, NlKOAOU nana MlxaMnouAou. Kat 6T)J.1tltp1) tOU KataOOA1), npOtEatapovtac; oae; va tuxa(vst va EXUE 0XI J.10VOV ttOtJ.10VEKE{VOto olCl:tOV J.1EpOIK6vnou t1) XPovtav tautT]v aae; EYY{~Etva owOetE, ana Kal va to KOU~aAtlOet6 nciptu9ue; eow Iltoa npo~A£novtae; Ele;OAa ta xpEla~OOj.1Evaota va to EvwastE 6AO Otl1 Xwpav Kat va TO OJ.1l~roJ.1EV J.1E to SOtKOV!lac; ola va ~StEAeOO(J)jlEV tllV yvWJ.111V tllC; uljIT]).6tT)e;nou npa~ovtac; oroota 6A.ov EK&[VOonol) II aKpa tOU opOtv(a J.1ac; npO£ta~ElKat va J.111V 1\atal Tl a\tia va ntaOOjl£v atT]v opytlV tlle; ojlo(ae; u"'TlMt1)to~ J.11)v 6vtac; to J.1tpOtKOVaae; repOEtOlj.1aaj.1EVov.'09EV ola va J.11)v<XpeA1\aTl ele;KavEva Katp6v ouOEJ.1ia1tp6qlaate; aV1)~oop(ac;oac; yivEtat t1)v a~llepov an6 Myou j.1a~to napov npotEOtOV va tuxa{V1) va npa~etE we;avrogev e~eKa9apla9Tl, 1\youv va ttOIJ.1aoste TOtepao( aae; . Kat va to Koupa).1\oete jl6v£pt~ ola va EUPE9tl 6A.o J.1a~wJ.1llvov atov epXoJ.1ovt11C;U",T\A6'tl1tru; tOOonou to YAT\yop6tepov J.1EUet ae tout a ta J.1EpT) va1\val 1p0Aaoaovtac; to npwt6'CUJtOvat'Tlv KaYKEA.ap(av J.1ac; EtC;Ota09EvtEOO{VJ.lac;Kat evavtlov oe Kage avtl).oyla Kat np6cpaolC;Sl)tKtlV aac;. Tooov aac; cpavepwv0J.1ev,YPl.lt(~ vtac; va J.11)v j.1EtEXOJ.1ev an6 naoa aU1) ~1)J.1(aKat Il~ooo ltoo~a1t6 I

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"H BCVEtla TOV &OT£I).£ TOue;TOUPKOUC;va yupeu£l. toUlt opOoli6~OUlt XPIOTIQVOU~.Ylavta

o Mltouvla).rj~

T~av6 M1touvla.).I1~. 0 Kpl)tllc6~ 1t6).£1I01t(1645 - 1669), AKal 480 - 481. 2. 'OItCDc;avaqltplltal Kal OTl)V 10Topia tOU tHl)vllcou t9voUlt (TOil. I~, ,0. 340 - 343): .A1t6 tilt o\)YXPOUOCI~aUt~ - TOUPK(I)VKal 8I:v£-

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va TOue;ltallieuCI;M

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.napO Na~o Kal KapnaOo. tl) NIO tl) Iavtoplvl). OTl) Mrj).o Kal OTl)V KIII(I)).O, lapatOI. Stv aqlTjvclM

H . (Olt. It. o. 319) 4. • OUYKPOUOl)aUTrj alt6 T6tl: ltap£lIlllve oav oTa9l!~ Xpovo).oYIK6~ acpou Ot Slaqlopa tyypacpa Stapa~Ollt: ..a!t6 TOVKalp6 T~l)lIaXT)<;"1\ "ltplV T~l) I!liXl)~" (Avt. III).. Katooupou, 01 TouplCOt Tl)C;Na~ou, avatultOV tK ;~~)£lte).. Tl) Etalp.

KUK).aStKwV Me).£Twv. nap.

5. tTl) YKpaj}oupa TT)C;BtVCTI~ It).ol(l)v Kal 01 KalttTavlOI TOU<;. 6. = ~a,

0' 1971, A01\val 1972.o.

avacptpoVTal

Kal Ta OV6jAQTa TroV

~wa.

7. Avci).oycC; OKT)vtc;tywav

Kal OTl)V tltOxrj T(I)VPOO(l)VOtl~ KUK).QO&<;

9. n. ZeP).tVTIl, «10TopIKa Ol)II&I~aTa Kalt400UK{vrov1649- 1753. Ev EWoUlt6Ati Kal .

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Moroslni) ~...0 BIlV&T6~ vauapXOC; avaql£pETal OTl)V 10Top. TOUE).).l)v. 'EBvouC; (6!tOu n., e. 342) Ot).l)O&, Ittpvwvta~ n~ KUK).ali~, ve ~aocpa)'loCI K(I)!tTI-

Kat n1\ye to Oto Met6Xl, OtO an{tt tT)C;Katep{vac; t' AnOatOAT] teat tlXWOE to n(ow OtO omtt Kal tltaVE 0 AvtwvT]C; tOO MtxsA.ttoo Aoopoa Ere{OT)e; MltaA~e; (;) K' EnE"'EttC; Iptt~taAOue;Kat ~PtlteatO teal txw Kal to ftaWI1 to Mnp0J.11tova J.1st1) J.1avatou tll Map(Yla tOo 'JIapa neptpOAaptaa Kat OS 1p9dvoootv etouta aj.1E teat nOAAa npciJ.1ata nou J.10uKAE",aat ano 'ow J.1toaaltO ta {Ota on{tta nou wc; TT]V.a1'tJ.1EPO Ka90J.1atAwaptyta, Aaota, tOjlaptYla, "'WJ.1taKat aAM nOAAa roe;ta eXOJ.1E KataAoyo Kat a1t6 tie; ansc; alp0pj.1Ee;YEVtlKaOt va J.100OWOEtKal oWKaol J.10U t' avw9t on(tta "al 'yw naAt OOOl OouAelptao&e;J.1ouOEVtl9tAa ttc; J.1nOUAtVapet teal teallaj.1St" avw9E ypaj.1J.1ataKat a Kavtva Katp6 O'lKroOS(KaveiC;va YOPEIjI&1 t' avroge a7t{tta jJQ).Teto Xoop(t)yt6 alpoploJ.16Kat 6PKO va J.1aptuPtlaOUtllV aAtl9Sta OJ.1tAW Kal 'yro tie; jlaptop({)y&C; liS a~louC; av9pwnooe;.

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(1770 - 73). 8. B)'. ltapaKciT(I) 0XCtIKa ol)llclwllaTa

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1: I-

tWII- 1;cXWPllPuv... l)1I£ya).l) tltltuxia rou ~£VETIKOUoT6).ou -l) onoooau)t£pl) 10(l)~.61..ou TOU1t0).tIl0u-- avallEoa OT11Vnapa, OTl) 1II0).tyavopo xm OTl) Na1;o, OTl~ 9 _ 10 1ou).lou 1651 (OTl)V oxotc tAallavllC~ IIt-

(1/Taplyla Kal KplfJapYla en"ya Kal t7xwaa jJta' ro ncp,po)" IJOUobca 7UfJapYlaKal YCIJwaara a/tapi KOJIJ'Y6.01Kat TOUtOC;na{pVEt Kat t' aOtplpla tOO Kal naVE t1) wxta Kal va KAepyel J.10U ottapt 1l60ta 3

Eyw ftaKOUJ.10e;MnapOt~llC; Zop~ttOU typaljla to KaOoAIK6 va cpalvttal naaa KatpOII.

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37

alt6 TOVKwSIKa Tl)~ MovrjC; Ka-

1t0uIC{vwv Na~ou. tK TOUPIPAlou TOUcv Na~ou

1922. oc).{~

27.29.34 - 36,38

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(1891). o. 40 _ 41.

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39

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T' AnEPA9ITIKA OTIIJOtlKatpayoulha, naAla Kal tWPWcl,av Kal oev ~xouv aKolla ~lIlAet11ge(ouOt11j..1atlKaKal ).e(n£l J.lla YEV1K~ ounoy~ to~ J.la~(j..IEr ' ana Na~la)tlKa, £Ivai, WOtOOO,ta mo yvWota e~w ano to v110( tpayouola tTl~ Na~ou ano apKEtcl 011j.lOoIEUllata, ouA.Aoyee;Kal J.l£A£t£~navw 0' aUtal. To j.lIKPOauto ~1~A(O,Ssv epxeral eerooc o~j.lepa va OUj.lnA11PcOoelto Kevo nou unaPXEI, oore Kl eXEI rnv a~(wo11Aaoypaq>IK~e; j.lEA£t11~~ ouOt11j.latlK~e; ounoy~~. Bya(vel J.lOVOj.le rnv KaAO0Ia9£t11 np0geo11 j.lla~ anA~~ yvwplj.l(a~ rorv tpayouolcOV, xou Ot11v avedpu tOU nOAej.lOU,Ot11v tpOJ.lclpaT11e;OKA,a~lcl~Kal 0Tll~ I\Eutepl(i~ t11Aaxtapa. tpayouo~911Kav OtO XWPlOuou, at' AnEPa90u t11~ Ncl~OU. Tt ' auto, AOlnov, j.lOVc:lXaTO oxono, VOj.l((Wanapait11tTl npobnoOeo11va nw Alya AOYla Yla r ' ancpa9ltlKa «KOtoclKla .., rc rpnYouola O'1AaO~,nou e{val ta mo xapaXt'1PlOtlKa o~J.l£pa t'1~ anepaeltlK"le; j.louoa~ Kal ta nlO nOAAclano ta nOAEj.llKatpayouola tou XWPlOU,nou ea olaPcioel ICI0 OIICO~Kl 0 ~evo~ J.ltoa OTl~ o£AIoec; tOu ~IPA.(ou j.lOu.

Atve, ~OAUonavla Va~PlOKa KI tva «KOtOaKI.. EVrotOY loLOKalpo OAa t anepa9ltlKa Vlata ta tpayouoouoav Kal ta xopcuav. Movo Ot11~naAl~ pAaxa~2 to oxono, aKoAou9roVTa~to oCKanEVtaOUA.Aap~tpayouol oav toclKIOj.la, npopan£ xou Kat nou xovevc. M~£uovta~, AOl7tOV,KclnOt£.ano to otoj.la j.llae;anepaeltlooa~ YPl~ tetOla tpayouola, ~p~Ka Kat ro napaKcitw xoo uou q>avl')Ka~ nw~ E(xav j.leyaA'1 0X£ol') j.l' 01..11TTJvicroplo rtov «KOtOaKtWv" Kal t11v Kataywy~ tou~: A~ nouj.lc Kal r ' aj.lnpoOtlVOUl Kat vo VTpaouMKt. nou j.lOlcl~1l1TO KOPj.laKI VTOUoa VtO KunaplOOclKI. 1:6 to 1..£00J.lnpootlvt J.l0U, Kl aonpopOOOKOKKtvt uoo. 1:e to A£W KI t~ept to, xalpou Kal Kaj.lclpwv£ to.

,H YA~ooa K~t to 6qlo~, YV~OIO naAlo anepa9ltlKo. Ana J.ltoa a autoue; toue; Ot(Xoue; ~tav£ Kal Katl ~tvo, J.lla Ae~'l nou O£auvl')Olhal OtO ~WPIO Kal nou, KanOU OTa nOl~j.laTa TOUKa~aq>'1. t11v elxa oel K ~~epa nw~ KI 0 nOl'1t~e; autOe;tTle; napaKIl~~ tTlv elX£ ouv'1910£1. 'Htav to 1'lOA.iTlKO 1:6 t11e;apx~e; twv 1tapanc:lv(l) Meoa aT' oAav910TO nOl~tlICO neplpOAI t' Anepa9LOu, eva <cKOtOaKlroV"KI auto j.l' epa~£ OtO op6j.lo nou enpcn£ va nclpw Yla KaIVoupY10 Kal q>tWXOAOUAouMICIpy~lCt ano Kalpo, Kl ano Xp6va ppw t'1v Kataywy~ tou~. VO at Xpovo Kal anO clv910j.la oe a~IOj.la, natl o~J.l£pa va j.lapa'O~we;, AOInov, to neplj..l£va etOI Kal to ~p~Ka, va ~aot~ to q>uvel t' ana TOUnOl'1tlKa AOuAOUOla.T' OVOj.latOU elval «KOtOatpo t anepa9ltlKou <cKOtoaKtOu.. an6 t'1v no).'1. Kl .. ICIano T11OIK~ tOU j.lupwOla avayaAAla~£1 Kal y£j.l(~£l tcOPCl T'1, A£~'1 ��KoTadKla.. t'1v npwTooUvavtouj.l£ ota plp)'la t11~~a01..0 TO XWPlO ICt ano K£l ~£xuvttal 0' 01..'1TTJNcl~o. VaplWtlK'1e; nol'1oTt~ tou tUoue; tou 180u alwva, Kal tetOla Elval nell<;q>utpwoe TOUtOto napc:l~eVOnpaYJ.la £K£I navw ota YUj.lva to «:ExoAe(ov twv VtEAlKcltWV£paotwv .. ( 1790), ta .. 'EpwtoC; anoKal Kata~Epa KOpcpo~ouvla tOU v11010U,ano nou em:oe 0 onopo~ tou Ot11v an£pa9ItlK11 Y11,n~ uot£pa PI~O~OATlOEKal q>OOVTWOC t£AtOj.lata .. (1792), to «:Euva~aplOV twv euy£vlKWV yuvalKwv Kal tlj.ltWtatW\l apxovtloowv .., Ka9w~ Kat 0' clAAa nap6J.l0lli toue; j.la 0' aut~ Kal nael va ~epl~roo£l t' ana tOU t' aotpq>ta; Kavtva~ AlYOt£po yvWOtcl4• naAl~ tOU XWPLOUav9pwnoc;, ano K&(VO~ nou ~ouoav£ nptv ntTa plpAla aUta. Il~OVano tl~ OITlY~O£I~OtO ne~oKal tOUe;O£Kaoel '11te(va Kal TO9avatlKO OTOXWP10,j.l' 01..0nou 9uj.lotav nwc; n£vtaOOAAapou~ otlxou~ twv. elxav j.leoa Kal thola olotlxa tpaj.lOAIC;apXl~1l Ot11VIlnox~ T11C; VlOT'1e;TOUC; va tOue;OtOA{~£1tl~ xayouOQKla 6n~ t' anepaOitlKa, KI OVOj.laoj.ltva ttOI: NKoTacU"a'». p~ toue;. OIlVj.lnOpOOOE-OJ.l~ Kal va nel noes Kat nou Kpata '1 yeTa tpaY?uOclKta aUta. onw~ Kal t' aAAa nepI£xoj.leva tooV ~tvIa tou. PAlwv ~Utwv. ~t~v ayan11j.l£vo avclyvWOJ.lat11e;&1tOX"e;6,ta J.lcl9(1lMiloa ota naA.la tpayouota tOU xwptOO, nou tOUe;tPa~a va J.lou vav an e~w Ol En11vee; t11e;nOA'le; £Ke{vou tOU Kalpou Kal ta tpayouoouoav ota yAtvna toue; Kat tl~ xapte; tOue;'. rIa napaO&IYj.la t11e;OJ.lOIOtTttcl~tO~ j.l£ t' anepa9ltlKa, aVTIypa(j)(i) eoro j.l£PlKcl ano ta .. ' Epwto~ anOt£A£Oj.lata ..:


A1CepaOfrlKa ... Av OtOV IC601'0V1'\A9Ee;uovov yla tOY EOIIC6vuou ql6vov. ql6V£UOEI'E va yAUtWOW. t£AOe;nev OEIVWVva 000000. Teroic ~w1'\ a9Ala n rnv 9Uw EVaATl9£ia; M1'\tE ~w. lJ1'\t' an09alvw tH.oe; 1tIlvtWVrt 9a ytvw; lC.t.A.8• KI an6 to ,,1:uva~aplov tWVEUYEVIICWV yuvalICwv xm tll'lwtatWV apxovtlOOWV", xoo ncpltxtl 835 tEtOla oxtaoUAAapa «ICO-

1COAeI11Ka,paYOVOla

41

O'tixou ICalT' aAAo to ~y£ Ot11Vapx1'\ roo OEUt£pOU.'ElCalJE011Aao1'\EICe!vo nou MIJE Ot11VtVtEXV11ltot110'11VTtsppaTo Ij olaCTKtllCTJ.larou odxou lCalltOUto pUnoulJ£ A.X.orouc yvWOtOUe; otlxolle; tou 1:oAWl'ou: . T60'a nEqltOUV£rc gepI - O'IJ£va otaxua oroix; aypouc;! 6nou ue TO1C6",11'0t11e;Ae~11e;8epICTJ.lfva. 0 ltOI11t1'\e; miEI va od~EI to n£O'II'O roiv 9£pl0'lJtvwv O'taxuwv ore xwpaqlla. 'EtOI AOl1tWV,lCalor ' altepaSltllCa «ICOtOaICUl",EXOIJEt.wpa TO O'uxv6 qlalv61'£vo va ICopual 11TEA.eutata Ae~11tOU npwtou otiXOU0' oxoio 011IJS(OI'nope( va 011IJIOUPYt;OEI avt{otoIX'1 Kal mo eUICOA'lI" aut1'\v ol'olOlCataAll~la ICIttal vo 0IWIOlCataAllXtell'E rnv tEA£utala tOU OEUtEPOU: T11VayaltTJ I'ae; E~txaOEe;.xou qlIA11I'£VTl OE 'xa.ls H ICapola IJOU •val ~ExeIAIOl'tv11 an6 n6vol X{AIOI16. IC.t.A.. IC.t.A.

A..X.Ta OUOcou l'a91a rn YAuICa tOU novou uoo •val 'latpllCa, xm n6tc tpOXalIC6: A..X. navayia I'OU, va '(VEL uvtt n6A£1'0e; Elpt;VTJ. 01 OtiXOl amol dval navta 0I'OIOlCataATlXtOllCal1'£ OUXV<1 avEpolCa't£paOl'ata tOUrovoo, ana 1J6voO'tou~ lal'pllCot'l~o't{Xou~ ICal ltOte crooc tpOxalKOUe;. 'EtOI OtOUC;lal'pllCOO~otlxoue; 01'0IOlCataA11Xte(O~OtOvoe;I'E O~utOVO,A.X.: ~£ 9£1..00va '£ve( va nae; n6A£1J0e;,ICIa~ 1J11u ' ayanae;. O~utOVOe;IJE ltpoltap~utOvo, A.X.: Eya1tT'JO'aICIa~ 1J'1qI£Awll tva AepEvtoIC6nEAo. 'H ltpOltapo~utOVOe; I'S ~Otovo, A.X.: Avti9£l'a to I'n6A£I'O, tOU IC601'0u to YICataotptl'6. KI aIC61'a ltponapo~utOvoe; 1'£ nponapo~utOVO, A.X.: T' An£pa910u A£ptvttoO'a, 1'£ t11 l'a91a 00' 1'£9uoaI4. 01 tpOxarlCo{ 6~wC;otlXOI £lval navta napO~UtOvollCal oe I'nopOllYnott va OIt0IOlCataA11Xt1'\oouvota "ICOtOalCla»I's ICavEvav ano an6 lOue; napanavw ot(XOUC;.E(val O'lAao~ 01 ltlO l'ov6toVOlodXOI tWV«ICotOalClwv.. ICIaICOAou90uvn<1vta tOY 10tOpue1'6, oav A·X·: - XIAlava9EIJa to' EICe(VOI ltOU0& 9tOI vtllv £IP1'\VTJ· - 0 ICapola I'ou, nou 0' £9appou oa VtO IJltUPYotOU XEll'appou. - 1:tTl YICapola 1'0u I'toa 0' EXW ICal va I''l I'ou ~'YSle;npootxw. IC.t.A. IC.t.A.

Kat rn «xorcnxio» houv 6Aa ru xapalCt11PIO'tllC<1ITOUtxouv ICalr ' ana anEpa91nICa O(aTlxa tpayonola (ltatIVaOEe;,~UPOAOyla, tOU Xopou). KaOtva an' aUta ElV' av£~apt11to ICIcuroteAEIWto,l'E OIICt;rou CWOtaICal 1tV01'\.~EValtOKA£ictal OIJWe;.ndvto oro 10tOSClJa vdvm lCal'wlJcva ltoUd rsroic.ue ~{:xwpo, avaAoya erov nO'11t1'\,a{OOl1lJaKl tKIPpaO'11.Eivni at£A£IWtCe;01 O'Clpte;ttrouev «ICOtOaIClwv",xou O'tpeqlovtal yupw alt6 t'1\1 iOla ult69£a11. 'EtOI ~01191OUvtalIC' 01 tpayouOIOtaOE~ Ka11'6AIe;tEAEIWOtl0 tvae; apX{~EI 0 aHoe;, A£e;ICIuncvrd orov ltp011YOU~EVO. av alt6 np60E0'1 OEVanaVta. Et val alJ{lJ11tEe;,er ' aA1'\9Ela, tEtOlEe; ltaptec; "KOnEAIO)"ICal rodxru ..: . «KOn£AouOIW"tOU XWPIOUnou, mlvw oro 10101J0tlpo aX£Ola~ouve rnv (ola OtIYIJ1'\rocc lCalrooc Kal r ' apaOla~ouv tpayouolotd 01 yuvalICce;,Attl, OEVICavouv aHo tlnota napa, orouc XopOue;lCal Ota YA£Vtla, nou Aee;lCal np6ICEltai Yla TCOI11n... Ta l'aHla toue; vc ~a9alvou KOUe;aywvte;. ICI6Aa ru ICaICalJa9alvou. E>tl'a tou<; eivm 11 ayan'1, 0 ~SVIT£1J6e;,0 9avatoe;, " qltWxcla, 'EXouv aIC61'11ICal aHoy Eva, ICagexapa Kal Aun11t11~lCaplitae;. Ma oev elval p6vo t' atolJllCa 6n ta IPPuola ta lCal'tva, naO'1 IC' 01 ICall~ol K' 01 aywv(ee; IC' 01 AaXtdpe~, Ila Ila~i Kal tOll 9tAOUVltavta va ta tpyavouv XWPIOUoAciICEpoulCal toU Aaou lCal trte; natpioae; 01 tUXt~, ltOU lCal EI'Opqla lita va ta IP'ttlavouv9 Eow pepala 0 AnepaOlt11e; AatlC6e;tpayouolot1'\e;, 1C6povtae;t11 tpayouotOuvtal IJE ta qltwXa, ta olotlXa UICOtaalCla... To I'OlaOll'O tWVnapaltavw «ICOtOalClwv"I't t' antpa9itllCa. At~'1 OtO «ICOtOaIC1",oev to lCaV£1an6 np69Eo11va O&(~£lEtOI ICal KaOE ltepiOtanIC6 t11e;~w1'\e;,ltOUtXEI ycvlICwteP11o11~aola oro OtO otlxo lCal OtO 9EI'a, 11ovol'aola tOUe;,nou t11Vnpwtoouvat'lv sIIC6va nou IJnopei va ICAeivEIto v611lJatOU tpayouolOu. To xwpl6 ICIavt(XtUno Otllv ",ux1'\tOUAaou tOU, Illtopci va ICEvt1'\ael VtOUlJtota plpAla auta t11e;n6A'1e; ICI0 ~EVltqt6e; tWVAnEpa91np6>to an6 ta ltaparulVW OE~ae; oEIXVEIt(nota tEtOIO, 6nwe; ICal tTlv E~ltVEUO'Tl lCal Va IPtP£1 to tpaYOUOl Ota xdATl. KI aVclAoya twv ICaltWVAncpa9{noowv Ot11Vn6A'1 ta naAla xp6vla, 6Aa auoAa t' aAAa "ICO~l'tva", 6nwc; ta ).,tVE,«ICOtO<1lCla" tOU XWpIOU. navta IJ' aut6, eival XaPOUIlEVO 1'\AUlt11ttp6,OPIJ11tI1C6 1'\auylCpata, I'a~{ I'Cta xwpuinICa 10tOpIICan' avaqltpa napanavw. lJae;ICaTo OEUtEPOnaA.l, 600 ICIav I'ltopEI va I'ae; oelxvEI IJEto 1C6",11'0 t'1lJtvo ICI6Aou tOU XWPIOU~Ia qlWVt;KI tva tpayouol. vouv va nlott",OUl't ~ ta 011J.l&PIVa antpa91nICa "ICOtOalCla.. Etlle; Ae~l1e;~£XtIAI - OlJtv11 t11v sl1C6va IJE to ~Exel).IOlJa tlle; Auta E{val, 6nwe; IJn6pEoa ouVOntllCUva ta ltapOUalaow, ta lCapolae;an6 toue; XIAIOUe;lt6voue;, OUtE0 ltOl'lt1'\e;nou t6q1naxvE xouvt tTlv ICataywyr\ 'wue; an6 tllv n6ATl IC' Tl oV0l'ao(a tOUe; twplva antpaGI'tlICa "ICOtOOlCla ... ICal t6A£YE e(x£ tttola np60eoTl, Ollt£ ICal ~p(OICOUIJEauxva £(val noUnlCt). Ta tpayouMlCla auta t' aICouyav 01 An£pa9{ue; 'Eowoa tTl IJIICP1'\V aut1'\v £11C6vatOue; xwple; lCalJ~lav aAA.Il thola ltap61J0la ~' au't6, Ot' aAAa twpIVa anEpa91tlICa «ICOtaaIC' 01 Ancpa9itloo£e; va ta tpayouoouv SICeI,Ot' apxovt60ltl ta ltp60EO'l1ICIa~lwo'1 napa 1'6vo va lCalJw1tI0 O'tEv1'\''1 yvwpLl'la ICla". •lowe; l'aAlota vaval 11I'0VaollC1'\E~alp£oTl, xwp(e; 6~we; nou OouA£uav, ICalyupl~ovtae; OtO xwpl6 taqltpvav ICIauta I'a~( tOUe;1" ElCcivoue;nou I'ltopcl vaval ~(:VOIICalOa olapaoouv ta ltOlCalJl'lav aH'l 011l'aola. tOUc;,6nwe;IPEPVOUV o1'\l'£pa an6 t11VA91'\va ta l'aYICIlCalCalta 1'0AEIlIICaulCOtaaICla", ltOU, £~6v alto t' aUa o£lCaltcvtaauAAapa VtEpVa taY1C610. 1C0lva AatICQolonxa, ICAElvovtal 0" aut6 to PIpAlo. Ma nwe; eYIVE,wot600, wott ta nlo nOAAci«ICotociICla.., nou Alt6 t6t£ !Calolya - olya 1'£tOYICalp6, ta «ICOtOalCla.. anAm9TlOA' aut a ta tpayouOla ta ov6IJaaa Ancpa81T1Ka nO).CJ.llKd rpatpayoulhouvtal OtO xwpl6, vaval orhtEpa ICo~~tva; ICavOtO xwpl6 lCal y{vav£ to nlo xapaXtllPlotl1C6 IClayanTlI'EVO YOVOla, Ylat( ota XP6vla tOUltOA£IJOU py1'\lCavICalTpayoul51'\G11lCav 1:' tvav OtO xwpl6 an6 tOUe;t600ue; nou pya~ouv tpaYOOOlaICal tou tpayouoIIi. OtO xwpl6, yla TOVn6AEI'0 I'IAav£ lCal~c to TC).,Oe; tou tEAC1WOa"ICOtOaICla", 9a 1'\p9s l.lta ~tpa au96p~11ta ota xdA11 tva t£tOIO 1:nouoa(o. IPUOlICa,p6AO Yla t' anAWl'a tOue;, 6nwe; lCal0' 6Aa VE. Mae; Atvc yla ne; OUIPOpte;lCal 'tie; tpOlJapte; ltOUIPtPVtl OtOv ~E ICo~~tv11t11v ttABUta{a At~11tOU npwtou otixou ICIan6 t6tE ta tpayouola, tnal~av 01 yuva{ICec;01 An£pa9Itloose; IC''l qlOOIIC1'\ nla, aIPOu9a t6nE ICalt' aICOuo&ICIciUoe; !CIapEO&OtO Xwpl6, !Ca- K6oIJ0 0 n6A£1'0e;, I'ae; tpaYOlJOOUVtllv ltaAllCapHI t(LlVltOA£I'ItOue; ICAlollva qlttaxvouv 1'&trt I'£YaAuttP'l EUICoA(atpayoooia ~{nAa o',6A.a auta tWV "ICOtOaICIWV .. ta nM#~ata ICalta OtoA.ci 1'\ICalCaYla to tpaYOUOl,tYIVE,,~60a .. !Cal0 tvae; ~E tOY aAAo Otwv t11C;AApavlae;, I'ae; OE1xvOUV t'1v aooUAWt'1 ",U;(1'\tou Aaou lCal v' aUtoox£l)ta~ouv o(otlxa, nou oltavla ouvavta ICavele;ICal A(ola, nou A&e;ICal ta OOUA.&UEI tSXV(tlle; tou otlxou ICI6XI nwe; apXloav va IPtlavouv OAa:IC&p&e; OElpte;~£ thma, ICalo1'\~Epa A£e; ~ae; ota I'aupa xp6vla tlle; olCAaplae;, ICAa{v£til oucpopa t11e;lta0' aHa I'tp11 t11C;EHaSae;. Pya(vouv au96p~llta an6 t' AnEpa9(tll tpayouolot1'\ to ot6~a, II !Caly(v£tal olaywvlo~6e; aval'toa OtOUe;vtoue; ICal one; vtee; tOU 'tp(oae; lCal Cwvtav£oouv TpaYllCato l'aptUplo tlle; ltelvae; atO XCI)T' AnEpa90u elval TlnOI'ltlIC1'\ppuool'ava 6Alle; t11e;A~lae; ICI OttXOUPYIIC1'\aJtEpa9(ttICll I'aotopla tICal's t£AEuta(a I'la lCalpl6 ICal, ttAoe; I'a~i I'E ne; avaotaol~£e; lCal'nOVEe;t11e;t\£uttpl(i~, XWPlOU,Jtol6c; ICalnOla 9a nEI Ino nOAAaICalltlO JtEtUX11l'tvaOtO an' aut6 OPOOoAoYlttal ICalltOd~ttal o),:alCEpoto VTJolI'a~. 1:t' voupYla IPlyoupa, nou 6XI I'ovaxa 1'\tav we; o1'\l'tpa napa nOAu IC6",11'0tOU otlXou. ' u",WVOUVE ICIauta tOY EltlVllCOUI'VOtOU AUtpWI'0u tou Aaou I'ae;. Ancpa90u 9a ~'Youvc 6Aa ta lCalvoupYla tpayouola, ltOU9a tpaoJtavla, av 6XI ttA·&laawnapXtll, Otrt ).allC1'\nO(llOll, J.lQ ICalotllv To nalxv(ol aut6, nou OtV~epOUI'EaIC61'awe;nou 9a IPtaOSIICal ~£v dval nOllltlKa I'I;:yaAoupyt;~ata ICaltTJc;ElJltVo1'\e; TWValCplyouo1'\oouv 6AOUe;tOUe;avepwnlvou~ ICa'lI'Oue;ICal 9a napouv 6tvt&XVll aIC61'a ICal tTJv JtPOOWJtIlC1'\ napouo{a~& AlyoOta napanOla 9av£ TJS~tA~1'\ tOU ICal II En(opao~ tOUOtO tpayouoI, qlUOI- tlICWVlCal ICAEIPnlCwv tpaY0uOlwv, OOtElCal~Eol(iAC~aalt' auta ta ot£pa to yupo 6AOUtOU VllOIOU. o&(Yl'ata.· 1C6e(val va y(v&'tal Ot PMPll trte; nOI11tlIC* a~(ae; tOU tpayouICaM an6 t' aOXlll'a Yla va 000000 ",£uttICOUC; lCalltapaltavlO'tOue; T' Ancpa90u dval to xwpl6, nou: Oe;twpa ota olll'onlCci I'ae; tpayouola to lCavovI1C6ICaito (1UVllOlOU,Ylat( OSVs(val aAAo napa tva S~WtEPI1C6otoAlol tOU ICalOE ltOllltllCOue;titAOUC;OtO xwpl6 I'0u. Elval ICIaUta oav ta IPtwxa ... 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Ttl onuola aovo&oyw, ua Ot vro Ka).olTlarevyw2J• T'1 !paIJC).'a.uo» va Xapw, nw, elval OVClPOOappw. 010 }leya).vrep'1 vtpoaa.24 aKO}la Otv vttlv tiVlwaa. KI 6A.oLlJa~i, YElJaTOInCPTlCPQvla Yla tTl vl"Tl tOUe;Kal ouyKi~Tl0'1 Yla tTlV ev90uOlWOTl UTCOOOXr\ tOUe;OtO xwpl6, tpayouoouv:

EIJelt; tipOape IJe .' o.v0'1H K' eJV' 01 (r)ep}lavol ara pa0tl· Ma 'l(j aKBrprr.frc t'1 pOAti no 'Kdvapt IJet; attl aKo).ti26• EreAe/dxJalJEvr'1 IJo.X'1 clx~ eva OU}la vaxel. 'Hn'1pa }leya).o Od.ppot; KI at; VtoOWncf)., rpavrcipot;. Ka).orepa }It ro XaKI napd adapld va ClapKtf. H xapel tTl<;AcutcpUle; otvel cptepa oTan60la, K,oupaylO ora paoavlollEva KOPlllcl KI 0 xop6c; Ile f!LOAlclKal AayoUtCl apxt~sl.OtTlV nAaToa tOU XWPIOU, evw ta C(KOtOaKICl»,yellQta, xapOUllevTl nvor\, O'Tptcpovtal yupw an6 tTl IJEyat..TlKal YAu!Cla wpa nou xalPOvtal 61..01:

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Ma Il£oa OtTl xapa TTle;Acutcplae;. xou Sovst TTJVancpa9iTlKTl \VUXt\one; aVaOTQOIIlEe;autte; wpce;tOU vroprccuoo tTle;ancA£u9tpwoTle; rou VTlOIOU,oav 90M OUVVEq>O TtEPVOUV an6 tTl q>avtaoia ro nOAu~aoavlolltva rpio xp6vla 'TTl<;OKAaplae;, rtou ttopc q>alVOvnn ouv 6VEIPO KaK6 KI ClnlOt£UTo, ICI EVWto MKPU tTle;TtlKpt\e; QvalJvTlOTle;90Awvel ru llana, ~a<pvOllnclAI AelllTtOUVKal q>£yyopaAav aTt6 r ' opcuo nou ~A£nouv IlnPOOtQ roue Kal non YI' QUtO, "Yla tTl XIAlaKplPTl tll Aeurcpid», t ' avtE~av 6Aa OtTJoKAa~ui aav C(cA.eU9cpoInOAlOpKTJIlEVOI »:

Enepvouaa vtpta XPovla IJc xatalvtx; xtu ).cl'oVla. KI 6).01 enplatnuav a TrIV aM.cwTlI vcpoxaralva: Ilox; T' avrtt,aIJc 6).a xtiva. no' ncpfi.aap· (1 rtl IJnclva. Me HI ).aX.apa artl YK(1I)(510. r' avrtt,aIJ' oAa aTtl aK).apl(i. On' CarCKa}lCKal '(oo/Ia, }la r'1 Acvrcplo. '(tlTOOIJa. KI 6).01 a~IJcpa y).cvroollc, noo Tllvt ~ava8wpOvIJe. SavaOwpootlC Aevrcpld Kal KA.al YK(11ra }lwpd nalcld. Aeorcpla OwPOVW,nC:lA1 Ka, ra pdaava Xa).o..).,. 9a aaaci n6).., to v'lal KI at; l:ncOava YK' 01 IJlaol. edpOovalv o).a pOAIKd Kal rpabnoOlQ.l1}lno).,Ka. Eraclwacv tl Karoxti Kal Oa y).o.dxJoov 01 !prwxol. Atpar; Acorcplat; f/lOaa Kal vTpoaepeoYEI.a Vtlaa. To ~toTtaolJQ a' OAOUe; 'TOUe; t6voue; tTle;aTtOAUtpWtlKr\e;AaXtapae;tOU XWPIOUnou, (.1'6Aa to lJaptupla tTle;nclvoe; Kal tTle;OKAO~IQe;,oev 'TOUclxc Atiljlel an6 tl']v npciltTl IJEpa tile; unoOOuAWOTle; tTle; natploae;, to Tpc).,6 navTlyupl 'TTle;ancAcu9tpwoTle;, nou Ilcoa Ota tpaYOUOlO aU'Ta~IQe;q>tpvCI Q!C6IJOoT]lJcpa at' aUtla lJae;eva YAUK6v avtlAaM tOU, oe lJa~ q>avEpwvoUV1J0vaXQ nwe; tVlwoe, TtWe; XaPTl!CCKal nc.o<; tpayouoTloe tTl Aeutcplel tOU t' Ancpelaou. EKClvo nou nlO nOAu al;l~cI va npooEXtci KOI nou (.16voIlnopcl va OIVEIa~la 0' aUTOUe;tOUe;otiXoue; cival Tll;~apoTl tTle;AOIICT]e; IjII)xr\e;, t~apol'] TlPW'OIlOU!Cal Guolae;, !TOUtq>cpc to Aa6 lJae; OtTlv rcpwtonopla TOUanEAEUSCPWtlKOUaYlova tWV EvwlJtvwv, eVelvna OtO q>aololJ6 !Cal OtTlv TtlO !CtTlVWOTl~ia, E9vcilv. , AAATl an' autT] tllv al09TlllatlKT] a~IOA6YTloTl 9aval IVCUtlKO otoAiol Kal oev Talplcl~cl or' Ancpa8fTlKa no).qIlKa. rpayooal. 60a Ilnopeoa Kal 1l~£lVa a' aut6 to f!1f!t..lo. A v ta Olapaoouv av9pwnOl, nou Il£oa O'tle; TpaYIKWtepCe;OtIYIlSe; tTle; natpiooe; lJae; Kal tOU Aaou lJae;eixav KAEIOta lJa~{ Ile 'Ta napa9upla TWVypaq>£Iwv 'TOUe; !Cal 'Tallana tTle;IVUXr\e;tOUe;Kal OEVt~Acnav to allJa Kal ocv clKouyav tOUe;~6yyoUC;!Cal oev tOUe;op601~av 01 TlPWl!Cte;nvote; tTle; A£utcplae; nou cpuoouoav ano ta ~OUVQKal t' aKpoYlaAla tile; EAAQOa<;,Sa ~pouve Kal ta ~co!TaolJata aUtcl tTle; AalKt\e; lVuXT]e; 1l6vo oav OtlXOUPYLKclKCltaOKeucl0llata, xwpi~ KalllQV clAAllV 0~{a, xtiPTl KI OIlOPq>lel .. 0001 OIlWe;aywvlOTTlKaV ..; OtelSTlKav O{nAa OtOV aywva tOU t..aou Iloe; Yla tTlV uncptionloll TTle;tlllT]e; Kal tTle; Acu'Tcplele;tTle; natploae;, 6001 cpopcoav tTl OtOAr\ tOU otpatlWtTl !Cal TTlVItopcpupa tOU Ilaptuplou KI 6001 motoi Kal ~WVta-


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voi, tt) ..oq, (i1couaov rnv 0Pxoyy£A.UOl Ip(l)vn "Cll~Avaa"Coat1~ "CllC;, 90 Souve Jl£ao a' OU"Cornv {010 IjfUX" rou ).oou ICOIrnv £IICOVO"CllC; EUoooC;. Mnopei, eooroco, v' ru;i~ouv ICOIlCa"Cl0).).0 outa "Cotpayouola. NavOI 11OlpOPJltlICal va Pp£90uv£ O~IOttpOI ano Jl£VOICOIVO~tlClvncoov ylo tu pouva ICOI"Cl~ 1C0vtopaxou).ec; tllC; EUaoo~. tlCel 7tOUOPIlOt(l)IlEVOC;0 ).oo~ Il~ Eatllvt "Coxopo "Cll~i\eutepl~" rou Bnvdrou KOI vc IlU~EIjfOUV1l0~{ Ile to alllOtoPptXtO ).Ou).ouola tOuC; ICOIr ' cvrpeuousvc tOUC;tpayouolu. Teroic Il£ya).o allJlaOlO ono tOU~ aywvtc; tOU ).aou 1l0~ OtV npen£1 va t ' alp"Voullt va ap1'\vow KOI va XaV(I)vtOI atll ).1'\911roo XpOvou. AC;tival roco Ipt(l)Xa ou"Ca 7tOUIl7tOP£OO VOowa(l) ICItyw 07t6 to Ipt(l)XO T' A7ttpci90u.

noypaqHICI\ Kal 10tOPIK1)K.Alt.•••ev A9I\voIC;. 1869, T. I" oe)". 599 - 605. 8. BA. H. n. Boumpili'1 Olt. n. 9. B)'... Iuvo~aplov tWVEUYIlVIICIllV YUVOllCWV KOITlj.lllllTaTUlv apxoVTlooWv». EICo.K. Krumbacher: Ein Vulgargiechischer WeiberspiegeJ, Separat Abdruck aus den Sitzungsberichten der philos. - philol und der histor, Klasse der KgJ. Bayer. Academie der Wissenschaften. 1905Heft III pp. 335 - 433 Munchen, at)". 392. 10. To llilo tpEpave KI 0\ nOlxvllilatopec; tau XIllPlOU(PIO).IT~I\Sce;,).0YOUTlEP'10ee;.ICAoplVeT~"Iicc;) KOI T' O)'OY).UKO ellj}oTI\plo TOUyallou 1I0U nai~cTol aICollo oTO XlllpiO. II. rUploj.lOTO (toaKioj.lato) unapxouv KOI o ' ana V'1ola ICOIJ,ltp'1 t'1<;EHaliac;. 11' auta OKOAOu9olivj.lovax.ooav enlllSO<;to tpoyoolil. xlllpic; vaxouv napcl t'1V OUTOTH..ElO nou nl\pav om Xlllpt6 ICIOUTOtyIV&YlCltlttal -OXI oav to yuploj.lato. Ila oav ~cxwplata tpayolilho- tpoyouooooav ta "KOtoaKla .. ot'1V nOA'1. . 12. B)'. NIKOUB)". Iqlupoepa. "nlipc9po -. noll\llaTO. A9"vo. 1938. oe).. 13.. 13. 41eAw- 0~1~1ll. 14. Ta tE).eutolo ltOl1)1l0tOT' alilKOXOj.leVouICaly).UKOUltOlllTI\TEAAOu 'Aypo Ilola~ouv 110M at'1 oTIXOUPYlK1) toue; ue T' ancpa91TIKo oUTa ICOtoaKlo. 15. T'1v oyalt'l llaC;c~txooCC;. xcu qlIA'1lltV'1cs ·xa. 16. H KOpala 1l0U 'VOI ~exel),lolltVl1 ono novol XI),IOI. I. ea YClavcl. 90 yivel ICaM. 2. =:etovlil = =:CltpojJ<i).).w.qlTCIVIll. qlillvoj.lal. 17. Ta KOfoaKlo auta Ta pa~UldTIll ano rc TpayouSlo OXIYlatl tpa• AII'cpa9imca nOACl.IIlCa Tpayoulila 1940 - 1944. A91)va 1946. an' onou youlil\9'lKOV 1l0~1.a)'M YlaTI tOlpla'ouv oTO VO'1j.lOKal j.lOla~OUV j.I' EII(1)Kal 1i'1lloo1£uoullc anoonaollata. so (toaKlolla) roue, I. Av nloTtljlOUIlCoTOiiiI\Y'1lla tOUlJ'uXap'1 .0 npOOPloIlO~'" 0 npwT~ 18. rtj.lci"Cee;. nou typaljlc Yla T' ancpa9hlKa 1i'1llotllca tpayouSlo clval 0 Ancpa91T'lC; 19. Elhalloo = EnI\yov. MlxaA'1t; .6.coulitc;(AVTlyovoc;AVTlyovlali'1C;)jl& Suo ap9pa TOUoTOYOAAI20. Ono' = Onou. Ka ..411YKapw.. tOU nOplolOU. BA. r. lJ'uxap'1 ·,ITOV1)oKIOTOUnAoTa21. EVEIlEvallEooe; - IoC; ncplj.ltvaj.lt. VOU».A91\va 1911. ocA. I J6. 0 ISIO~0 lJ'uXap'1C;tv90uolaolltvoc; ano tva 22. AVTapt'1C;Ancp09It'1e;. ypallllo nou TOUSlajJaoe, AtCI0 .6.eouStc;j.lt tpoyouolo TllC;Ilava~ TOUarco 23.... nlllC; elval 0).1\06Ia. TOXIllPIO.ypaqlCI oTO 1010lil1)Y'11l0Yla T' Ancpa90u: ..Ma 9alla. 9alla 11024. NTpooa = .6.poola. vaxo tIVOL'1 11'01 '101\ TOU~.Ie TI Iltpo~ t'1e; Eupwn'1C;1\ T'1C;Aolae;. ellice; 25.• AvO'1 - 'AvO'1. 1l1avanAI\. aypallaT'1 yuvolKa nou tOUe;OTOlilKOUe; t'1e;. TOUe;OIlCOYCVClO- 26. T'1 rO).).IK1) Ixo).1\ OUpoOU).IVWV Na~ou nou I\TOVOXUPIllj.l~VOI 01 KOUe;T'1e;TOue;K0'11l0UC;. OVTIC; vo nasI KOIva oou toue; KOUPKOUCJOUptljlCI rCPllovol. OCilia T'1C;YClTOVloa,tPXUOI KOIoOU toue; XOVCIoc otlxouC;, 00 va Il'1V 27. Xa).citl. ono yAtVTI KOI T'l xapa t'1<; ACUTcplac;. tlxc SOUACla11£ TOUe;avOpwnouc;, nopa IlC touC;9coOt;,oa v' oyvaVTcpc Ila28. PI~1ll = Opl~Ill, Tl j.lCj.laTl, Karanpoolllno T'1Mouoa ... » B),. on. n. otA. 114. Iu)")'oytc; Kal 29. flo T'1VanliA£uOtplllO'1. Ilr.HTC~yla T' anepaSI TIICOTpoyoliSla txouv lCOj.ltl01: r. It. Zeuyw)"l1C; 30. H j.lllpo T'1<;orcC),lluOtPlllo'1<;"TOV Ppox.epl\. oro ncp ... Aaoypatpla" roj.l. E', (1915) Oil),. 179 - 189. '1 nOll\tpla .6.10),631. 4100110010= 41oyonono. XTI\Zcuyw),'1, noHtc; XClpoypaqlcc;j.l0~1j.l&a),)..o n).ouolo ),OoypaqllKOvALKOTOUXWPIOU.PPOj}CUlltV'1Yl' OUTaono t'1V AKOS'1j.lloA9'1vWv. 0 r. .6.. ZtuywA'1e;: ..To oUyXpovo AOIKo TpoyoliSl ot'1v AntlpavOo t'1C;Na~ou'" A91\va. MapT'lC; 1937, 0 .6.. B. OIKovoj.lIS'lC;:.To oliyxpovo ).OIKO Tpoyoulil AnclpavOou - N~ou .. nep ... Epyoola .. tOj.l. Z' (Mapt'1C; - Anpl),11e;1936) TcIiX'1324 - 330 Kal 0 AVT. lilA. Karaovpot; nov extl tS'1JlOtlI600nt /foAAd lfaA,a QlfcpaOITlKa rpayo!X5,a at II; cql'1ll£plllcC;..4Iw<;"KOI..Aywv nopovo~Iac;" Kal oTO ncp ... KUKMStC;». 2. BMxa = na).loe; ancpa9ltlK~ xopOC;nou XoPClictOIOKOj.lOKOI(1)j.lllpo oTO XlllpiO. . 3. AllnpootLVoc; - AUTOe;nou n'1yolvcl Ilnpoota KOIotVPCl to xopo. .4. BA. H)'. N. BoutII:pllS'1: .' AyvlllOt'l oUA),OYt1li'1IlOtlICWVIlac; TpOYOUlilWV"ncp ... Nto Eotlo .. TOJl. 120t;(1932). revxOt; /33. aeA, 687 - 689. Tou IlilOU:..To npwtil VCOC),).'1VIICa SI'lYt1j.lOtO:'EPUltOC;onotc).tOj.lOtOH, ncp... MnouKtTo. TOJl. 10 (1933). TllvXOt; 470 ae).. 297 KQ/.loTOplo t'1C;Nllot).).'1VllCI\~AoyoTtXviOC;" T. B '. ael.' 100 - /02. 5.. Onllle;IlC n).'1Potp6P'1oC 0 qll)'oC;).0YOTtXVTlC; K. rlaw'1C; A. 01ll1l0nou).o<;oT'1VA).cl;ovlipouno).'1 ),tvc KOTala Ta IlIICpaSloTlXo nlllpOXTllCao"WntiKO fpoyoulila. ft. Auto TOlpavcpWVOUV K' 01 oxuvtC; £ICa6a£IC;tlllV PIP)'IIllVaUTWv).·X· to .' Epwt~ onOtC).tOj.lato. elxav ntvTc llKli6oCIC;al'lO to 1792 100llC to o...j,,'r\~ IKS4. H)'. n. Boumplli'1 on. n. ....~IJ ~., 7. SA. I"ap).aTou BU~OVTlou:MHKUlVoTOVTIVOUIIO),IC; " neplYPoqll\ to-

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49

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To £pwtTlJ.la 1)tav Ylati PplOIC6tav OEICpioTlTl.iTlIlOlCpascv 9cwpw tT)V OUYKCICPIJ,lJ,ltVT) KOIV6tT)ta 9tAT)0T)e;xm tiC; a~ice; tia. 6ev cuOla9c! va j.lIAa lCave{c;«EVYEVEI»Yla ICpiOll tTlC;oentT)e;oA6tT)tae; ltOAllllCciUIjIT)A6tcpce;(nxoun Kal nv autt; T)cvorrsKt\e;oTlj.lolCpatiac;. .iev uncipx£1 ICaJ.llcitUnllCti tVOEI~Tlernv ieropornrc T)91Kcit; 9PT)0ICCUlllCciKpiverm onv OXCtlICTi)alt6 tT)V pia tTlC;aotllCr\c; 1C0Iv(.t)v!ac;,1tOUva OOllY&{a1t6 tTl OTlllolCpatla ltpaYJ,latoltoiT)OT) tWV OIKWVuou -eVOCx6llcva lCaHitEpwvOtTl ollCtatopia, 61t(.t)C;unE9uav 01 aorot 9E(.t)PTltllCO{env tOY Kpiocwv", onc; avaMoE1C; tOU, OTlA..6TI TlYEVIYltapXCI apKEtt; MOT) aAt;9Elae; ore EltIXElpt;J,lata tOU Heller. I xtA.A.£p lCal 01 lCOUIlIlOUV10ttC; Kti ICpioTltOU lCanltaA10J.lOl)OtaOtalCa avaYlC~El mv J.l1tou~ouanaVlWe;. T)avciAUOT)tOU tivaL ltpopAT)J,latlKTi. Ylatl 9Eoopci tT)V 0~(a va n£Ta~tl tTl OllllOlCpatllCll tTlC;llaOlCa lCal aVOllCta va m09Eltap~T) t; tT)Vavultap~!a «tT)e;1C0IVOtT)tae;tooVa~lwv" oav J,lla au96pJ,lT)tT)olaolKaola KaL epJ,lT)VEUCI to ltpOpAT)J,latOU <1>aoloJ,lou tftOEl tpOllolCpatllCa Ileoa . .iev Eival avaYlCalo BOWva lCataodoav ltpOpoAt; autou tOU CJ,lCPUTOU ltVeUJ,latlKOUOUVaJ:lIKOU ltUVW ~OUIl£, Otl 0 <1>aoloJ.lOc;oev elval 11npwtll J.lOpcp1\tpollolCpatllCtic; ltOA.ltllCr\C;oLalCupepV'1oTlC;OtTlV 10topia tTlC;aotllC1\c; 1C0Iv(.t)vlac;;, OtO ltMvo tT)e;ltOAITLlo'le;opyavwone;· rUJ,lcpwva J,lEne; 9~OEIe;tOU. J,lctl1V ytVVT)ol) tl1e; aotlKt;e; 1C0lvwvlae;to. atOJ,lllCa UAIKaoUJ,lcpt-. outl:: va Olacp(.t)vft00Uj.lfl6n tOOO OtT) cpa010tllC1\ ltep{ooo 600 lCal o1\j.lEpa, TIOTlj.lolCpat(a Elval J.lla A.B/ToupyoOqa 1tOA.ltllCft001l1\Otle; povto. CltlICpcit1l0av TOOVeYKa910pUJ,lCVWV Kal altOOCKtWVa~lwv. nEplo06tepee; lCaltltaAlotlKtc; xwpr.C;. .iev UltaPXl::1e1t{oTlC;A6yoe; YEyov6C;nou paGlllaia avayvooploSl1lCc Kal tYWE "ev tOle; ltpaYJ,lava apvTl90uj.lc, 6tl tlval ilia "Ij/EUOOOT)llolCpatial)7t00 pao{~£tal 01" altOOElCtOaltO tl1v aonlCTj ta~T). 0 Heller OCVlCatOpSwvCI va lCalnoAIIlvayvwpioCl. on 0 UA10J,l0e;tl1e; I.lltOUp~oua~lac;. lCal 0 10CaAIOJ,l0e; 6Xl j.l6vo oc OA.ldc; ana lCalOE9£j.leA.lwo£lC;ICOlV(.t)V1ICtC; tl1e; ltqAlte(ae; avaYlCa(a aA.Al1AoouJ,lltAT)pwVOVtalKal Otl J,lOVO tllCtC;nVl06tTltEC;. Ana l) aOtllCl'l 0llIlOlCpat(a 1tOtEOEVa1tEJ3AEIj/E OtTlv ~acpavlOT) autWV t(.t)VaVIOOttiTOOV. olaollCaol£e; ota paGuT£pa £nlncoa tl1e; 1C0lvoovlae;(lCpUJ,lJ,ltv£e; lCa'OA£C;autec; 01 SE(.t)pIEC; OUllltEplAaj.lpav0J.ltv(.t)vlCal t(.t)v«MapTWano Tl1VIOEOAoYIlConOAItlICt;ocpalpa) ei val OE9toT) lCal 6VlWe; ~lonlCwv" napaAAaywv tOUC; ~clC(vlloav altO tva ouolaonlCO ota£~avaYKa~ouv tT)v J,lnoup~oua~la va anapvl1SCi ltPOOOOPI va ne; 0.tllCO Sc(.t)PTltlIC6j.lovteAo tOU lCaltltaA10j.lOo. npooltci9Tloav va c~I£<;. ltOU 11lOla tlxc 0l1J,lIOUpytl0CllCal va avayvwpiocl aVOIlCta Olatapaxte; tou oUOll'lj.latOC;OtOV200 TOouvoAO aUTwv TWVaTOJ,lIICWV UA10tlICWVOUJ,lcpCp6VlOOV oav Tl1V ~TlYftOOUVne; ACltOUPYIK£C; alwvn IlEO(.t)tTle; «t£AIICr\C;6~uvoT)e;.. tTle; EO(.t)t£PIlCtiC;; avtlcpQocwe; IClvl1ttlPla OUValll1Tl1e;1C0Ivoovlae;.0 cpaoloJ,loe; oav 1l0PCPTjc~outou: T"v «Y&V1ICft Kp!O,," tOU OUOlllllatoc;. tUj.lcp(.t)vaIlE tlC; 9E(l)alae; OCVIlnopd va «ouvaXScI .. altAQ anO Tl1VKploT) TT)e;ol1llolCpaTiae;. xoople; va avaAuSouv 01 pa9£lee;. unopooKOOO£e; OIICOVOJ,lIK&e; pice; aut£C;;, Tl U10SttTlOTlalCpa!(.t)vj.lOpcpwvP!a.c;EvaVlla OlO 1tpoActaplato, I) ouoaptolCcla Kal Tl EltaVaOtatlIC6tTlta tOU ono(ou 010.01Kaolce; Kal 01 avtIOToIXCe; 1C0IVOOVIICCe; oOllee; nou tie; ouvoocuouv. Auto nptnci va tovI09c1. OCOOJ,ltvou,on 01 aOTo! SEOOPl1- avvExwe; OYlCouvtal, IlnOp&{va ouvlotci npoo(.t)plVti 01£~000 Yla tTlv aotllC1\ tci~T). KI Oll~. 9c(.t)pouv tTlv aonKti tci~l1 aV{lCavTlva tlKol OCVc(val 01 j.lOVOInou KaTacpcuyouv oe tEnCe; npoonaSE1EC;: avaotuAwocl tTlv «oJ.laAtl" AEltOupy{a tou OUOt1)llatOC;.naVl(.t)e; ilia OJ.lola -av lCal an6 avtlSctl1 GtOl1- npoonaSEla ICpupcTal nlautti l) 1tcplypacpr\ aVtlcpaolCcl aIC61la lCal ota 1tlOC1t11t6AalaYEYO000 anO Tl1VulO9cTl11lCVl1anO tOUe;KOUllj.lOUVIOTEC; acpcTl1P(a.. 0v6ta .. Aoxcta Ile to nOlEC;£VOt(~EIC;unr\PXav oav anOttAflolla Tav OTl1V71) ouvooo TT)e;T)KOj.llvt£pV £vtomoc TOV10L~Ovta xatOU OUOttlllatOC;. to. <1>aoloT1lCanpa~llCoplllCTTjpatOU <1>aolollou OTT)Vavtl - OT)IlOlCpatlICTj TOUCPUOT) , OEOO- t(.t)v ooj3apciJv ICp(OC(.t)V 1tllllata OtV alCOAou6T)oav nOtt j.leta an~ j.lla lCataotaoTl Ena1tClIlCVOUOTI OEVunTip~av OUYKClCplJ,lEVEe; ta~IKEe; IlvaMocle; 11ouola A.OUllllVTle; cltavaotatI1C6tl)tac;. tOU cpaolOllou anooelx9T)1Cf.. Otl titav 0 avtl - ollllOlCpaTLlCoe;lCamAICOlla lCal lCata tl) olaplC£la tl)C;;cpaolOtllCtic; 1tEP1000U1tUVl(.t)e;, taAlolloe; ilia 1l0PCPtiaOT11Ctie;lCuplapx1ac;. Onou 11I.l1tOUp~oua~(a titav avaYlCaollEVT)va IlnOICT)pu~elavolxta to. OT)IlOlCpatllCaIOEW- OP101l£VOIMap~IOtec; aIC61lTlOI£pA.EnaVilIa lCaltltaAlOtllCti Olt~o00 alt6 tTlv ll£yaATl OllCovollllCti ICp{OTltOU npwtOu naylCooj.l{ou OT).nou I) lOla ul09cTouoe Yla aplCetouc; alwvec; .• Onooc;clval yvwOtO, II£XPI TO 1935 T)oTaAlvllCtl l)yeola TllC;.ilc9voOC; oev OIIlXWPI- noAtj.lOU Kal unootllPl~av, 6tl Tl avciltto~Tl tOu,J.lovon(.t)AlalCou lCamtaA10j.lOU o£v otillaLVc lCal to tEAOC;tTle; aotllCtic; lCOtv(.t)v{ae;. ~E Il£Ta~u OT)IlOlCpatllCWvKal <1>aoiOtlICWV1l0PcpwVlCaltlTaAlollou. Eltl1tpooO&ta, UloOctOUoav tl)v altoljlTl, 6n Tl J.lOvTl"cnaplCtie;" Av Kal lllCataOtaOll aHa~e IlCta to 1935, to. avYKclCplll£va ta~l1l0PCPtinOAltllCtie;1'10.tTlv vea cpaol) tTle; lCa1tltaA10tllCtiC;;ava1ttuKa 1C1Vt;llaTa1t0Untlpav Tl) 1l0PCPr\<1>aOlOtllCr\C; e~ouoiac; napallcl~1lC;r\tav 0 <1>aoI01l6e;.npocpavwc; 01 9E(.t)p(Ee;toue; OEVolacptpoov vav XooplC;avaAuocl.e; .. Etol 0 TpotoKol OllCatOOVOto.V OTav poonOAu an6 auttc; nou avacptpSTllCav 1tlO nciv(.t).To lColV6 0Tllle(O oe TOUOC:..YltapXCI lCaj.lj.llaolacpopa OtO Ta{IKo nepl£xo/J£VO autwv 6A.&e;toue; naVl(.t)C;c(val Tl1tA.QVl)tOUe;,oto va apVOUvtal j.lla "OTltWV Mo KaOCOTWTOOV (aollKtl ol)j.lolCpaTla Kal <1>aoloj.lOe;);Eav SCj.lOKpanlCti.. Olt~ooO a1t6 tTlV ICanltaA10tlICti ICp(O'1- aIC6j.1alCal 6OOUj.lEtl1V CPWt11011XP110lj.lOltolwvtac; j.lOVOTOue;6pouC; TT)e;KIJtav CPj.ll)VEUOOV Ilc olacpoPctldC; ontlde; to p6Ao tTle; aVllOl)IlOp/apX'1\ ta~lle;, Itpayj.lan OEVunapxel Kallia anoAut~ olacpopa. 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I:Ta ocolljlOlCpatllCa»lCageotoota tlle; o npolly~tvoe; rep~avllC6c; lCanltaAlojJ6e; Sev anelAt(tO OllCO- npollYlJeVrtc;lCanltaA10tllCtie; 1C0Ivoov{ae;.II aOtllCti ta~ll lCat' apvO~llCaan6 t'lV yalolCt'lttlCti aplOtOlCpatia. 0 ou~j}ljJao~6e; toov xtiv Otllpi~fltal Ot'lV epyatllCti tal;ll. nou OO~~£tal areo tOUe;PE000 repIJavlwv tOO Bismarck lCaltOUWilhelm -avtl9Eta an6 tOY qIOP~tOtse;.H nlo aveTCtUYjlSV11 IJOPqlTtautou tOU ou0tTtl.latOe; uta~llC6 OU~ptPao~6 Ot'lV haA(a Otllv nep{ooo nou IJllooMPlloe napx£l OTTIVAYYAla lCat elCnpoooonehat tOOO an6 to EpyattIC6 an6 to Risorgimento jJtXPI Trtv OoAocpovia tOU Umberto-- Oll1C6j.1j.1a. 600 lCal an6 tou<; OovtllPTlTlICOUe;. ItO cpaoiotl1C6 oOOt'1jJtovpy'10£ tie; OOv6tiICC<; yla ~ta taxvtat'l £~tAt~ll t'1e; lCanttaAIj.la -touMXIOtOV ota npwta otaola ava7ttO~lle; to\)- TOlCeqlaOttICTtC;OIICOVOjl(ae;.H EnavaqlOpa Ev6e; nOAltllCOUouoTtijlatOe;. "-alO Otllpl~etal OtOoe;IJtlCpoaotOUc;.noo lCataotpeqlOUv tie; nponoo aa pao\~6tav one; ajJolpalte; onoXOOPtiO£Ie; jJEtc:u;UyalOlCtllA&taplatctc; opyavwoele;6". Me aut6 tOY tp6no. av lCat o£v olateilv lCat lCanltaAtOtwv (j.lovapx{ae;) O£v9a titav xoopie;nAeovclCTtinpaYJ,laTeUetal lC(96)"oo ne; 10tOpIK8e;OOYlCop(ee; lCatooan6 tie; 0jJata Yla t'lv rCpjJavllCti jJnoop~ooa~la. noo 9a IJnopovoc OxettlCa nOlte; to lCecpaAalOtnlAeY£1e(T£tllV OOOlaAOlljJOlCpatla,£he tOY eUlCoAava anooex9el jJla dna oOIJj.laxla. 6reooe;tYLVElCatOtllV sCj)aoIOjJO.oTpotolCU to 1932 avayvwploe lCaeapa autte; tie; Suo snavaOtaOll tOU 1918. H OllCOVOjlllCti av6'10ll tCilVetwv 1924 lCal \1aAAalCttde; MOSIe;tOOIJOVon(j)AlIllCOU lCanltaAlojJOu. npS1t£1 va 1929 oelxvEI. 6n 01 oov9tilC&<;Tttav ropljle<;Otll repjlavla )'Ia tll Ol'!j.lelooaelnavtwe; 6n tll 9tOl'J autti TrtVOIllTUnwoeaj.ltowe; nptv 0llIJtOupy{a ev6<; nOAltllCOVoootTtjJatOe; noo 9a jJaol~6tav OlllV Tl'IVlCataATlIjITItlle; e~ooolae; an6 toue; Na~l. 6tav OllAClOTt titav OAOIC)..tipooO'1 tOO peqlOpj.ltotllCooepyatllCou lCtvtij.latoe;lCattllV.I~811~£Kcieapo. 6t1 '1 aOtllCt'I ta~ll 9a £n£tp&ne otov q>aolojJ6 va lCavono(lloll TOOV alt'ljJaTOOvtoo. Kata tll OlaplC&laaottie; tlle; nee~£AIxgei oe IJal;11C6"'YlllJa lCal va y{vel npaYl.latlIC6e;Idvoovoe;. pl600u elotix9lJoav Ot'1 rCpjlav(a nOAUo.pI9jJ&e; 1C0lVOOVIJC8e; jletaX(j)p(e;va npopuAAelICa96Aou avnoTaO'l. 'Etol too titav a06vato pu9l-1lo£te;nou Ot H.n.A. tiC;eqlcip~ooav jJ6vo jJeta to New Deal. va OXlljlaTonolt'loll1 to epwtlljJa. 6nw<; 9a I.Inopoooe va TOdxe Aota ta IJ8Tpa onoooStinote e7tlj}Qpovavta jleoa(a OtpWIJaTa, aAlCavel npoyeveotepa to 1930, OTav 'l rePIJaVIlC~ jJnoop~ooo~la Ad Sev ota9llICav eIJn60l0 Otllv lCanttaAIOtllCti pIOIJ'1xavllCtiava8tv e(xe napet aIC6jJa ocan6(j)Qo'1"Yla tllV AUOll.nou 9a En8A£y£· ntO~ll. EnoIJtvooe; II cvaHalCTllCti AUOlltoo (Paotojlou oe lCajJia tlll rEpj.lavla too 1932 -aTC6 TllVOlConlutoo npOAetaplaTou- II neplntoooll oev areOtCAOooetll jl6Vll 8uvat6tTlTa Yla tllv lCanltalCataotaoll 9a jJnopoooll va ouvoljll0gel we;Ee~e;' '1 aotllCTt ta~TI AtOnlCti OllCOVOjlllCTt e~tAtell. O~OAoYO\)jJtVwe;.dt(j) an6 tll (Pa£n8tpeIjlE OtO qlaatojJ6 va lCataAdp£1 tllV £~ooola. lCat II lCato.A.llolonlCti enllCuptapxia tywav O'lIJavttlCS<;aAAayt<; Ot'l repjJavl'V'l t'ltav e1tllCe{IJ£V'l.'Htav oujJqltpov TOUnp<?AStaplo.tOUva eKti 011C0VOIJ1Kt; 8oIJti. nou anoSs(x9'llCav ~&tanOASIJIlCanA£Ovej.lnOo(oet T'lV lCataA.'l'ljlTl.Enoj.ltvwe;: to IJ6vo avolxt6 epwtll~a IiICttlC6tatee; Yla t'lv nepaldpw OllCOVOjJllCti ~tAleTl' OIJooe;-all alay to EeTt<;:tiTav ouvatti II 8lljlloupy(a ev6e; avtl - qlaOIOtllCOU vtlgeo'l IJe tllV haA{a- TO ~'1tOUIJ£VOOT'lV nsphttWOll tlle; ej)yatllCoU EVla(ou IJetcilnoo. nou ea IJreopouo�� va avtlota9d OTOV r£pjJav(ae; O£v titav aOtTt lCa9' Ilaotti II OllCOVOjJIlCTt eetAle'l. \~OtOIJ6 lCalva avaYlCaoel TTIVaOtllCti taell va ava9£oopt'lO£1tllV An6 OllCOVOjltlCti anoljlll OtllV rSpjlav(a OnTtPee II 8uvat61T14a ;n~ aoti tllC; 1C00too an6 t'1v anelATt el.lqlUA100nOAsjJoo; Me ana EnlAoYtic;jleta~u oTljlolCpat(ac; lCal (PaotojJou. AICPljkOc; RlV a,1t~77

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54

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rev repoo£yyi~tl to 6PlO nl:pa an6 to onoio 'l O'lj.llOKpana Kal 'l vouurornrc j.lnopOUv vo XP'l0Ij.ltUOOUV evavnc ornv KamtaAlonKll uretpa~(a, rore yivttal aretlA1F". Ej.lcpavwe;,unapxouv KaOoplonKee; Ihacpop£c;avaj.l£oa one; Mo aKpalte; OtOtle; tOU Trotsky Kal tou Silone. navtroe; Kal otiC; tptlC; an6lj1tle; nou avacptpO'lKaV unapXtl tva KOlV6 o'lj.l£io tKiv'lO'le; 'l aonKT\ ta~'l «Scv unoot'lp(~El" tOY «l>aoloj.l6 Kal OtV tnlOn£uOEI rnv EnIKpat'loT\ tOU, orcv to enavaotatlK6 epyatlK6 Kiv'lj.la stvcr loxup6. tE reEp(ooo alXj.lT\e;toU EnaVaOtanKou KIVtlj.latoe; OtV unT\pXt ornv npaYj.latllc6t'lta «l>aOlonK6 Ki V'lj.la, " T\tav dveu onouoaI6t'ltae; Kal one; SUoxWpEe;.~Iacpepouv navtroe; 01 an61j1£1e; autte; Ot'l OewP'lo'l tOU «l>aolOj.lOOoov anOtEAtOj.latOe; t'le; aVEKj.lEtaHwt'le; T\ j.l'l OUVo.j.l£V'le; mo vn eKj.letaHEUOd EreaVaOtatlK6t'ltac;, Kal anoo(oovtac; rnv avaYKal6t'lta rou ornv ouvaj.l'l roo PECPOPj.lIOtIKOU KlvT\j.latOC;.0 'teAtu'ta{oc; IOXUPI0j.l6C;etvci reA&iroC;anapaOeKtOC;.~ev £reetal, 6t1 'l unilp~'l Ev6C;arcOteAEOj.lanKOUPECPOPj.llOtlKOU epyatlKOU KwT\j.latOC;xou T\tav O£ Oeo'l va EmPanEl tic; OIEKOlK"O£IC;tOU, Oa ro90uoe rnv aonKT\ t(i~'l va unoOt'lp(~EI tiC; cpaolOtlKi;C;npoona9£l1:C;. Arc6 autTJ 't'lv o.noljl'l aC; OK£cptel Kavde; j.l6vo to napaoElYj.la t'lC; A yyA(aC;. EnlTCAtov I') j.l£tapao'l OE j.l(a yeo - Karel'taAIOtlKTJ OOj.lTJ arealte{ tl')v ureap~'l 1oxupwv EpyatlKwv P£CPOPIJIOtlKWV opyavwo£rov. H £vouvaj.lrool') trov ouvolKat(l)V "tav tvac; areocpaolonK6c; napo.yov'tac; Yla 'to Aj.leplKavlKo New Deal. AHa OUtE to Enlxe(p'lj.la, reouacpopa Ot'lV aV£Kj.lEtaHtut'l EnavaotanK6t'lta, npoocpep£l EnapKT\ £~"Y'lOI'). Elval aVEnapKEC; an6 tl')v anOljl1')6tl av Kal 0 rCpj.lavI1C6C;«l>aoloj.l6C;~CnT)OI')O£ OE j.lla cnavaOtatllCTJ nep(oOo tl')C; j.lCtanOA£j.lIICTJC; ICp(O'lC;,SEVj.ln6peoe va ylvEI loxup6 j.la~11C6 IClvl')j.lanplV an6 t'lV ICplmj.l1')nEplo00 tOU 1929, 6tav lCaO££naVaOtatlIC6t'lta dXE ~aAelcp9&(. 0nroooT\nOtE 0 «l>aoI0j.l6C;cj.lcpavl~£tal navtot£ OE nej:'1600uC;ICOIV(I)VIIC"C; ICplol')C;npooreaO<llvtac;va £1Cj.l£taHeuOel urctp autOU t'lV j.la~IICTJ ouoapeoKEla lCal to aVIlCavonol'lto. An6 to yeyov6c; 6j.lroC;aut6 Scv j.lnopouj.l£ va OI')j.lIOuPyTJoouj.le j.lla "cp6pj.lOUAa»,nou Oa j.lac; enttpenE va «UrcOAOY(OOUj.lE» t'lV cpaOlotllCTJan£IA" an6 ta olaOtolj.la Otolxe(a. H ava1Ctu~1')tOU «l>aoIOj.lOOlCal I') j.letatporeT\oe j.la~11C6tc!v'lj.la, 6n(l)C;lCal I') lCataAl')ljI1')tl')C;E~ouo(ac;, j.lnope( va avaAuOe{ oe lCaOeoUYIC£lCplj.leVT) rcEplntrool') j.l6vo j.lla an6 tl') OUVOAI')1C0\VroVIIC1') lCataOtaol'), 1tOUE1tllCpate( Otl') O£OOj.ltVI')X6lpa' a1t6 j.lla ej.lpciOuvo'l6AOU tou OIICOVOj.lIKOU, 1tOAttlICOUKal KOIVroVllCou 1tAtYj.latOc;. navtroc; 'l cvanalCtllC" AUO'l, nou oltpA£ljIe 0 Trotsky, ucp(otato 1tpayj.lan onc; lCa1tltaAIOtltctC; XWP£C;, 1tOUelXav j.l1t£1OtO ota010 tl')C;CvtatllCT\c; ava1Ctu~I')C;. E1toj.ll:vroc;,OEOOj.ltvoutOU £1tI1tI:OOU tl')C; r£pj.laVIIC"C; OIICOVOj.lIICT\e; ava1tt~l')e; "tav j.lla auylC£ICPIj.ltVT) £VanalCtllC" AUOI')Yla tl') repj.lavla. To £pwtl')j.la Ylatl I') r£pj.laVIIC" aOtllC" ta~1') 'ICntAC~£" to «l>aoloj.l6 oa AUOI')OtV j.lnop&{ va anavt'lOd an6 tl')v avaAU0'l trov 10Ia(t£prov xapalCt'lPlOnlCWv t'le; e~tAI~'le; tOU repj.laVIKOO KanltaAIOj.lOo: 'l £~"Y'lO'l nptnEI va ava~'ltI')Ot( "lCat' apxl'lvN Otl') r£pj.laVIICl'l ..noAltllCl'l JqaTaOta01')'" Mia 1CCpalTl:proOIICOVOj.lIIC" C~tAI~1')"tav on(l)oo"not£ SuvaT" Otl') rCpj.lav(a j.ltoa Ota 1CAa(Olatl')C;aotltcT\C; 1COAltltcT\e; ~OVolaC;, nov paol~6tciv 0' tva pCCPOPj.lIOTI1C6 cpyanIC6dvl')j.la. EICe(VO, nou anouola~c 1')tav 01 nOAltIKEe; npoUnoOl:o£lC;Yla j.lla thla avantu~'l. Enoj.ltV(l)e;, 600v acpopciOTOrCpj.lClVIIC6«l>aOloj.l6, 'l avt{Ota0'l anl;vavtl tOU oe Pcio'l ciH'l a1C6ElCe(vl')t'lC; cij.lEO'lC;npoA£'taplatcT\e;£navaotaol')C;, o£v 8a "tav anA" I')OllCoAoyla. tt'lV l~aA{a I') u1tl;paonlol') t'le; ol')j.lolCpatlac; £vavtla OtO «l>aolOj.l6j.lt ot610 tl')v npo).,etaplalCT\ ol')j.lolCpatla "tav avtlOpaOtllCT\ O£OOj.l£V..Q.U, 6n I')

01')" rtov tpyatlKWv ouv01Kat(l)V, " 'lKataOtpocp" OA6KA'lPOVtOU tpyattKOU Klvtij.latOC;, npayj.la nov j.lnope{ uev va Enlt£vxOd, aAAa j.lEtp6rco non tvtXEI KIVOUVOUC; Yla rnv iOla rnv aOtlK" ta~'l .. EtOI'tO 1928,0 Lukacs tOtOt tiC; £VaAAaKtIKtc; AUOtlC;,xou avacptp91')KaV"O'l. .01 "Blum Theses.. t9toav trci01')C;rnv tPWt'lO'l, Ylati yiv£tal 'l £mAoY" tl')C; j.llac; " an'lC; tVaAAaKttK"C; Mo'lC; lCal I,U1AIOta j.lC tpoxo, rcou Ka910tOUOt oacptc;, 6tt, cv ytvtl, Scv tj.ln(1Cttl ore auj.lcptpOvta Kal roiv SUo paOllCWV1C0lV(l)VlICWV tci~E(I)V va C1tlAe~ouv tOY KAaOOlK6 «l>aoloj.l6. A~l~cI va napaOtoouj.lC OA6ICA'lPO to £nlxelp'lj.la tOU Lukacs: ,,0 otEv6c; OUVSEOj.lOC; j.lEta~OKpatOUC; lCal j.lOVOn(l)AlaKOUKEcpaAalou Ej.lcpavlml'lICE Ot'lv nporcoACj.lllC" nEplooo Kal 01 E~EAl~E1C; xou aICoAou91')0avKata t'l olcipKElClrou noAtj.lOU ana Kal j.leta an' notov £vouvaj.lrovav aut" rnv aAA'lAo£~apt'lo'l. H tvtao'l t'lC; ta~IK"C; nciA'lC; avaylC~£1 to KP(itOC; vn Ol')j.lloupye! ouvtaYj.laTlKOUc; cppayj.lOUc;,Yla va rcpootateu9cl arc6 aut"v. H avaolopyav(l)o'l t(l)V j.la~wv, to yeyov6c; 6tl oev j.lnopoov va rcapl:j.lpOUV,", va snnpeccoov nc; KpatllCtc; un09l:oeu; Kal n anej.lrc6Al0'l t'lC; ta~IIC"C;naA'lC; nov EpyatWV npot; XciP'l t(l)V voj.llj.l(l)v j.l£orov OEVELValKalvoupYla cpalv6j.l£va, j.l6vo 1COU twpa £j.lcpav(~OVtal j.lEvto n£pl£x6j.l£vo. To nOAItIK6 papoc; Kal to nOAItlIC6 En(n£oo trov j.la~wv ppioICual ol'lj.lEpa nOAu uljIl')Mttpa, an' 6n Ota npwta OtaOla ava1ttu~'lC;. ~£V nptn£1 6j.l(l)C;va ~£XVOUj.l£, 6n lCal ta j.leoa j.la~IK"C;nponaycivoac; nou tXEI Ot'l OUiOEOl'ltOU0 j.lOvOn(l)AlaIC6c;ICamtaAIOj.l6C;&(val noAU n£plo06tcpo av£ntuYj.ltva oT\j.l£pa. EnlnA£ov anOt£A£( t£Ati(l)C; KalvoupylO cpalv6j.lcvo. 6n aut" 'l aHI')AoE~aptl')ol') ICpatOue;Kal j.lOVOn(l)AlaICOO ICanltaAIOj.lOOpploKeIUnOat"pI~1') an6 tl')v £n(ol')j.ll') 'ly£o(a t(l)V cpyatlKWVotproj.lat(l)v. Eoro Enio'lC; 01 H.n.A. a1COteAOuvto j.lOvttAO. AAAcl oUYICpIV6j.leVEC; j.lEto j.lOVt£AOaut6. vnapxouv OCj.lEAIWOCIC; nOAItlICCC;ICal OIICOVOj.lIKl:C; olacpoptc; Ot'lV Evpwn'l: a) Ot'lV Aj.ltPIIC" (6n(l)C;Ota lCamtaAIOtllCQ ICpatl') tl')C;Eupfonl')C;nplv an6 tOY n6Aej.l0) to aVWtEpOotpcOj.la t'lC; EpyatIK"C; ta~'1C;j.lItOPOUOCva 1lCavonolTlOel UAIKcl £~ an(ne; tTlC;tepaonac; r;~anA(I)O'lC;,tTlC;taxutatTlC; OVOOWpeu0'lC;,tl')C;£~ay(l)yT\e;lC£cpaAa(ouICClI1'lC;uncp~(ac;. ttTlV EUpWTCI') u7t"Pxe j.lla nOAUOtEVTJpaoTl Yla aUTOUtou c(OOUC; t'lV ava1Ctu~'l. 01 napa06oelC; otpatevol')C; lCal TCaAI')C; trov EuproTCalrovepyatwv TJtav aw7tapICtec; ot'lV Aj.lEPIICTJ.y) te 7toAMc; Eupro7talIC£C; xwpec; j.l6vo j.letanoAej.lIICa Tl aOtllC" ta~1') ICat6p9rooe va ylvel nOAltllCa lCuplaPXTl(7tcplnt(l)ol') repj.lav(ac;), " j.l6vov t6te anCICtTloe j.lEyaAUtEPOj.lEp{OIOOtl')V nOAltlICTJTlYco(a (Ouyyapla). Erco",£vroc;,0 oUj.lplpaoj.l6c; tl')C; 7tOAltlIC~C;o'lj.loICpat(ac; oe ouvouaoj.l6 j.l£ 'TlV aOuvClj.l(atrov j.laCwv va EnTlPEa~OVvtlc; ICataotaoele; ICal j.lE tTlV 8eOj.lOn01Tlj.l&V11 1')plaia ICataOtOA" tl')C;t~IICr)~ naAI')C;oev elXE cp8aoEI Ot'lV EupwnTl OtO o'lj.le(o nou ~Ol') clXE cpOaoel OtO Aj.lEpIICavIIC6j.lOvt£AO. Avt6 ptpala OEVEj.ln601~Ctl')v aotlIC" ta~1') ICal tTlV EpyatltcT\ ypa<pElolCpatla an6 to va npoona80uv va cpOaoouv OtO Aj.lEplICaV1IConp6tu7t0. AAAa ta 9Ej.lEAla ev6C; tEnou EYXEIPl'lj.latOC;"tav ICata nOAU a08evcotepa an' 6n OtTlV Aj.lEPIIC~ ICal enoj.l£vroc;Kaj.llci EVp(l)nalK" aOtlKn tci~'l ocv Oa an£j.lltoAoooe tTlV mOav6tl')ta Ev6C;-KAa001ICoo(haAIKoo) tunou «l>aolOj.lOu. navtotc Oa ICpatouoe aut~ tl') 0l)vaT6tl')ta oav ptl;tpj}a Yla l'lV nEpi1t"Crool'),nou I') ta~llCn nQAI')Oa Ylv6tav nlo evtatllC1')' oe nEp(rct(l)011. 0TlAao1') avoIICt"C; oUYICpovol')C;j.lEta~u tl')C; aOtIICr)C;ta~TlC; Kal trov j.la~wv. Lukacs OXTlj.latOno('l0E noM Ka9apa rcoAAtI; 8Ej.lCAlaKtc; OUval'llCEC; yla tIl Y£VE0'l tou j.lovttpvou "xclpaY(l)youvtOc;" ICanltaAIOj.lOU, 6n(l)C;Tl EVOUVaj.l(l)0'ltOU nOAltlICOU PcipouC;,1COU OlaOttEl 11epyatu,l'l ta~I'), I') a~av6",evTl anOtEAeOj.lanlC6tTlta tl')C;noAltlIC~C; reporcayavoac; 'tou 1A0VoTCroAIaICou IC£cpaAa(ou,'l EVO(l)j.la-

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too0'1 rtov '1YEtWVtOU PEq>OPI110tllCOO EpyattKOu KIV'1l1atOC;ot'1 0011~t'1C;E~ouoiae;' Kal En{Ol1e;npoonu9'10E va anapl811~OEI EKEIvouc rou; napayovt£C;. nou aa unopooccv va oo9~00uv rnv uo nIC~ta~'1 -napa ttC; EVOXA'1t1K&C; £1Cq>QvoelC; tOU ll>aenoj.1oO- va XPTJOlj.10nOltloEltTJV£~ouala tOO teA£Oto{OU.ylO va 010000£1 tTJ OllCtltTJe;£nlKuplapxia. lXlj.1q>ooVO ue tOY Lukacs eurot 01 napayoVTte;xou oof)YTJoavtTJVaatlK~ ta~l1 vo OlatTJpei t'1ll>aalOttlC~ 0ption Ot'1V an09~KTJ tltav Ol t~lle;: I) £lCtOC; ono tTJVAyyAio.l1 EoPCl)7tallCllj.1nOllfl~oua~{aOtO 01aot'1110 rou j.1£oonoAtl1ou OEVj.1n6peoc va llCovonol~ael ttC; OAldC;avaYlCtc;tTJe;£pyatlKlle; ta~TJe;.2) 01 ayoovlOtllctC;nopa06a£le; tTJC;epY0tllCtlC;t~TJC; ~tav aKOI1TJ~(l)vtOvte; ota npoTJYj.1tvaKanitaA10tlICa ICpatTJtTJC;Eupw1t11e;.nATJv TTJC; AyyAloe;. 3) H aOtllC~ ta~TJ UOt£pouo£ a£ tj.1nElp,ite;nOAltllC~e; apXTJyiac; lCal 0'1j.10ICPOttlCwvnapooooEooV. o Lukacs tnlC1TJC;onoatTt Pl~t. Otl TJaatlKTt ta~l1 ~tav avoylCoOl1evTJvo XPTJolj.lonOlTtaEIto 1l>0alOj.lOot nEplOOoOe;O~OVOTJe; tTJe; t~lICTte; na.ATJe;oav epyaAe(o - j.1laun0geoTJ. noo onooe; e{oaj.1E~p(OICEtOlO£ OlaOtOoTJ j.lEta ytyovota. H ICOLVooVI~ICpioTJOEV00v£nayttol avaYlCaotllCa j.110o~uvaTJ tTJ<;tO~IIC~e;naATJe;.Enl7tHov. O£OOj.ltvoo.Otl npO~an£l to 1t0AIIC0j.lOVttAoaav nopao£IYj.10.On£pElCtlj.1ato POAOtoov OllCOVOj.lllCWV OOvGTJKWV nou anoptl~oov to back - graund tooVxoopwv noo ty\Vav q>OOlOtlKte;.Ana out6 nou tX£1 IOIO(t£PTJ~oputTJta elval 0 ..~onoc; .. j.1EtOY ono{o o Lukacs j.lopq>onoITJa£..to £pwtTJj.la». I:t OUOX£tIOj.lOj.le to repj.lOVIKoll>aenOj.1oTJOIOtU1tW0TJ tou epoot~j.1atOe;eivol TJe~TtC;:tl 0vaYKaoc tTJVj.1noup~oua~(o va ava~TJt~ocl Olt~OOOano tTJVKp{aTJ tOO 1929 - 1933 ave~a~ovtae; to q>oaloj.16OtTJV~ooa{a. av lCal Otl1 rCpj.1av(a tlxe ~OTJouvt£A£09£( lCal OAOICATJPooge( to OtaOlO tTJC;evtOtlKTte;avantu~TJC;tOO lCanltOAIOj.lOU;H ovaYKl1tTJe;KOtaatoaTJe;. onw<; o{vual j.1too ano tie; «Blum Theses» nepltX£1 en{OTJC;OTJj.lOvtIKtC;evoE{~£IC;lCal YIO tl1v anavtTJOTJ.noo nptnEl va ooEle( OtO £pwtl1j.1a.

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Otl TI gej.lEAlWOTle; Aetoj.ltVTIOlKOVOj.l(aaa titav TIj.10VaOlKnt~oooe; ano tTJVKp{aTl·Ta 'toopy{a tOU rEpj.laVllCOUll>aalollOU ittav 'tao'too'1j.lTJ us eKe{V'1 olKovollLKa aOIlq>tpOVtatTJe;'ta~TJe;ao'tne; anaitouaav tTJVavtlKatOU New Deal 0'11...0Tlj.lloupYTJoetie; anapait'1't£e; reOl..ltlKtc;ouvtaO'taoTJ tTJe;O'1j.1OKpa't(ac;tTJC;BalllapTJe; ano j.lla e~ooa(a aAAoo 9TtKee;Yla tTJ j.1£'ta~aa'1 tOU KanltaAlaj.1OUareo to £nEK'tanKO otaT\)nou: Kanolo e(Ooe; aOtapxIKoo Ka9eotO>toC;. 010 OtO OtclOIO evtatlKtie; ava7tto~'1<;. Av Kal '1 OTlj.1OKpaT{a yeVld oev e{val ateAtoq>op'1 aretvaytl Me to ~tareaoj.1a tTle;OIKOVOj.lIKnC; Kp(C1TJC; to 1929. TJrepj.lavIOtle; Kp{aele; TOU200u alO>va. onw<; emo'1e; YEvlKa oev ntav aVEICTtaomcn ta~TJ avtlj.1ETwmo£ tva o(ATlj.1j.1a. fLa va dj.laatE mo a1tQpK~e;oav reOAITlKnIlopq>n Yla to j.1Etaax'1j.1anoj.lo Kal TTJO'taKPIPelC;.tTJV nEpi080 alCpI~o>e;elCe(Vll "0 0p90l..oYI0j.10C;"tOO u9Eporeo('1C1TJtOO vEolCanLtaALOj.1Ou. 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Kal e~ alt(a~ aKpI~ troy ICO(ICUICAOI tTJe;rEPllaVllCne; j.1eyaAoaonlCne; t~TJe; va aV~'1tnaouv clAATJOlt~OOOano t'1V uq>lataj.1£vTJJtOAltllCnOIICOVOIlIICTt lCal Xeela~. noO ttPEq>ETJrepj.1aVIKTtIlnou~oo~(a Yla t'1 Ba1Ilap'1. e- , ~~ r ~laAO'1I'OlCpatO>V to lCaOeatw~ tTle; BaljlaPTJ~ j.lnopoooe va anLpepalwveTat ano to yeyovo~ on tOY Iavouaplo tOO 1932 "'1 01- J J/f\~; ane{ jlOVOIle t'1 ~n06ta TWVNa~{. To 1928'1 KataOTaa'1 OEV 1C0IVWVIICn ICp(OTJ.Jtou o£v 9a t~AaJtte ta OUIlq>tpOVtatOue;; 2) 'H-

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58 KOIV(J)VIK~ (Je(J)pia ttl rn ouval1ti tT(e;. Yla va £nllCpattioel lJla E~ouO'ia mo cn)I1CPWV11 ue ru "youO'ta» tT]e; Kal roix avtIICE\~£VIICOUC;O'tOXOue; tT]e;; 01 Ila~Ee; xou PplO'KOvtal n{O'wan6 roi»; Na~i (npiv are6 t11V KataATl'VTl tTle; e~ouO'i~ apIS~ouO'av 13.000.000) Ssv OTl~IOUpYTlSTlKav ano t'1V aO"tllCti tru;'1 reou -ae; O'11~EIWSei aut6'VtiCPIO'EKtvtpO Kal ~Tl Na~IOtlKTl oE~la. I:tTl r£p~av{a untlPxav onucvned KOIVWVIlCa O'tpwl1ata nou OEVcvrixcv O'tO ll£ytlAO lCecpaAalO aAAa nou unOO't"pI~av tTl AUO'11tOU Na~IO'llou. I:e ana K£lj.l&va uou txw npoO'naStlO'EI va oei~w. 6n 11 10COAOy{a tWV Na~i avtaValCAouae niota tie; olaS£O'£Ie; tWV I!cO'alwv OtPWl1atwv. nou npOO'KOnTlSTllCaV O'tT] Va~tO'tIKte; opyavwO'£le;. Kal txel anooelxSel 100tOPIKll. 6tl eva lleyaAo tlltl~a tWV 'II11cpoql6pwv tOO Na~IO'~ou npo£Pxovtav ano ta ~llCpo~£oa{a O'tpWllata tWV n6Aewv Kal tOue; j.llKpoaO'tOUc; tTle; una!9pou: ycwpyoi. 111O'Swto{, ~llCpollnaAATlAoI. 'Etol. av I1nopouO'c va YlvEI Katavo11t6, 6tt 11 KpiO'11 tOU 1929 tTCA11~£Kuplwe; ta I1&O'a{a O'tpwlJata Kat 6tl O't11 r6p~av{a ta O'tpw~ata auta O'tilCwO'av no AU ~cyaA{tepo ~Poc; tTle; ICpio'1e;. an' 6n O'tle; aAAEe; aVllntuYl1tv&e; KanltaA10'tlde; xoopec;. Oa c{xa~& 7tAT)P11e~tiYTlO'Tl yla tTlV avooo tOO Na~l0l1ou. £\uO'tOXWe; 6~we; aot6 aATlgeuCI £v llep&I, oeoo~tvoo Otl 0 7tapayovtae; noo lCataoe{~aIlE O'av repwtapxI1C6 O'tTlV ltaAla. 100xu£ E1rIO'Tle;lCal yla tTl rep~avia. 01 100Xopte; pe(jlop~IO'tllCte; opyavwO'ele; O't11 r£Pllavla. nou dXav npoO'~aO'l:Ie; O'tTlV nOAltllCT) e~ouO'la -alC6l1a lCal lCata tTl OlaplCela tTle; ICpiO'Tlt;- Tltav 0'£ StO''1 va OlaO'qlaAIO'ouv O'XEtllCa lCaAte; O'ovS"Kee; ola~{wO'Tle; Yla t11V spyatlKTl ta~Tl. (lolaltepa YI' aotOUe; noo dXav aK6~Tl OOOAe\a. reoo O'tTlV nAelo'VTlqlla Tltav naA11o{ opyavwlltvOl epyatte;), •Htav en{O'Tle; 0'£ StOTl va nfltuxoov lCanOla OIICOVOI1IICTl avalCooqllO'Tl Yla tove; avtpyoUC;. H aOtllCTl ta~Tl Tltav ava'YlCaO'~tvTl va lletalCoAi)O'£1 to ~a'poc; tWV ~ttPWV 1C0IVWVIICTle; repovo{ae; O'ta IlllCpo~eoa{a O'tpc.i>~ata. etO'I. noo O'tTl olaplCela tTle; ICpIO'11e;11ouva~Tl tOO £pyatllCou peqlOp~IOtlICOU Klvtil1atOe; npaYllatl a&{A'1O'e ta O'tpw~ata autall. An6 autti tTlV ano'VTl Tl ICP{011 npay~atl £n£O'&~put£PTl navw O'ta ~llCpoIlEO'a{a OtpWllata. an' 6tl O'tO npOAetaplatO lCal ta tnA11~e reeplO'O'otepo an' 6tl alit; aAAee; lCanltaAIO'tlKte; XWp&e;. Ana lCal 11 lCataO'taoTl twv aypotwv titav teAdwe; ancAnlO'lIICTl.OnwO'oTlnOt£ Tl naylC60~la ICp{O'l1oev tnATl~E ~6vo tTlv aypotllCTl ta~Tl tTle; rEp~av{ae;' lCal 01 A~epllCavo{ lCal 01 ranOI ayp6t£e; ~pt911lCav O't11V(ola OUO'lCoA11lCataO'taO'Tl. Av lCal Tltav napaOOOlaKll Ot~IO{ lCal dXav ulOSettiosl autti t11 O'taO'11 flY ~tptl £nelOTl lCavtva~ OOO'laAIOtTle; O£v lCatanlaOtTlICE nOte ~e ta 1tpO~Atil1ata touc;. 01 r£p~avo{ ayp6tEe; tV\wSav va anelAOUVtal an6 tOUC;~&ya).oyaIOlCtTl~Ov£e;. Evw 01 Na~l nott lie IllA11O'av Yla aVaOao~6 t11e; Y11~. reap' 6Aa auta 01 aypote~ lCal 01 ~llCpOaOto{ tWV XWPIWV. noo npooOeutlKll f3u91~ovtav O'e ilIa lCataO'taO'I1 o£Xw~ olt~o8o. tnal~a,:, Otpat\wnlC6 p6AO OtTlv an6to~Tl ~anAwO'Tl tOO E9vIICOOOO'IaAIO'tlICOO IClvtillatOe;, lo\alttpa O't11v taxda avo00 tWV 'VTlIjl(l)v.0 XitA.£p EIC~etaAA&ueTllCe to y£yov6e; •.6tl lCavtva 7tOAlt11C6 IC{v'1l1a ti 1C611~aOev eixe Oc.i>O'elO'Tl~aO'{a oe aut6 to lCa96AOO WICataqlp6v'1to t{~Tl~a tOU nATl9uo~00. 'Etol avaAapc 0 lliloC; tTlV on69&0i) tOoe;. To np6ypa~~a twv Na~{ Kal '1 &VOOICOIll1at\lCi) olanaATl tW,V ola(jl6p(l)v Ijlpa~IWV I)e{xvoov lCaSapa. 6tl 0 X{tAtp O'uvelo11ta ava~Tlt11O'e onoO'tTlPl~11 avc4teO'a O'too<; ayp6tEC;. H P"~11 'tou ~£ tOoe; ao£p<pOoc; Strasser. nou npoonaS11O'av va OI£Upuvoov t'1 ~ao11 tOU lC\v"~atOC; -ntpa an6 toue; I1llCpoaO'tOUe; t11e; o7tal9pou Kal ta ).ou~ncv O'uoti)~ata~e O"tpatOAoy{&e; paollca an6 tTlv £pyatllCTl ta~11. oe(xvel 6tl 0 X{tAep tixe en{yvwO'Tl nov ntploplO'I1£\I(J)V ouvatotTltWV tv6e; tenou enelptillatoc;. Av Kal to £9vIICIO'tIK6 tOO np6YPllJ.ll1a 1t19ava va 1tpootAKoe tva 111Kp6C; I1tpoc; tWV a7toyo'1t£u~tvwv lCal av~pywv epyatwv Ka\ va

Kpi(J'1 tau t51U.0t50C; rooc dx£ anoO'naO'£1 an6 roue KO~~OUVlO'tte; (~la tEtOla Ola01Kaetn npay~atl O'ovt~T]. Kal to 1933 0 XltA£P antO'naO'£ n£p{nou tva £KatO~~UplO 'VtiqlOUe; cxo mv cpicreoc) oev ~nopouO'£, va npoO'£talplO'Sd ~£yaAa t~ti~ata t11e; £pyatlKtie; ta~T]e; (O't11v repay~atlK6t11ta Sev Sa ~nopouO'£ va nA11O'laO'£1 roix 1:00'IaAo11~OKpatec; epyat£e;). T11V iOla aKpl~We; £noxti 11npOO'tYYlO'ti tOU uc tOY Walter Darre -£Knov11tTj tOU npoypa~~atOe; «Blut und Bodeo"- nou tY1V£ aKpl~We; ~£ta 't11 pti~11 ~£ 'tOY Orro 1:tpaO'O'ep. oelxv£l KaSapa t11V rep6SeO'ti tOU va Xp11O'I~onoltiO'£1 Kal tOUe; ayp6t£e; '£vavtlov tWV £pyatwv. I:u~qlwva O£ ue t11 yvw~11 tWV 01aql6ptov 100tOPIKWV. to aYPotlK6 npoypa~~a. nou e~£noV11O'£ 0 Darre titav to ~ovo AOYIKOKal ano nOAMe; ano'V£Ie; KaAQ O'xdhaO'~tvo t~ti~a OAOU tOU Na~IO'tIKOU npoypa~llatOe;12. H y£p~avIKti aO'llK" ta~119a ~nopouO'£ va £lxc Olat11P"O'el t11V nOAI'tlKti 100XOt11e;' Sa IlnopouO'e va ~P£I Olt~OOO. xwpie; va avaYKa0'9£l va ~aO'I0'9£i atOUe; Na~(, £av T\tav a£ 9£0'11 va AUa£1 ta npopAti~ata tWV IllKpoaO'twv t11e; una{9poo Kal twv aypotwv. AAAli untipxav 1l0VO 000 tp6nol Yla v£ £nlttuxgei KIln tEtlO: 0 PI~OO'naO'tllCOe; 0111l0Kpamcoe; ~£taO'X11llatlOIlOe; tWV O'UVS11KOOV lCatw ano tie; onol£e; ~oooav 01 aypOt£e;. tOY ono{o O£v IlnopooO'e va repay~atOnoltiO'el 11aV{Kav11 ICal O'Uvt11P11l1lCtiaOllKti ta~T] " 11£OaljlllCti ere£lCtaO'Tl. t11v ono(a emO'Tle; o£v ~nopouO'e va avaM~el11 ta~Tl autti. £\cv e(Xe apKetti elJnIO''toO'UVTl O'tO eaut6 t11e; Yla va O'K£qlS£i O'o~apa tTlv ava9£wP11O'Tl tWV opwv 'tTle; O'uvStilC11e;'twv B£poaAAlwv. yla va lJ11v avaql£poull£ Kal to y£yovoe;. 6n Sa T\tav t&Aelwe; aouvato va npoO'naOtiO'£1 va OOTlYTlO'£10'£ yeO nOAe~o lie; AO ~a~£e; tWV O'OO'la . TlIlOlCpatllCc.iw £pyatWv. EmO'Tle; unTlPX£ lCal tvae; anoe; napayovtac;. nou OUVt~A£ OtTl pI~oonaO''tllCono(11O'11 twv ~\Kpo~£O'a(wv O'tpw~atwv' 0 nOAeIlOe;. noo elX£ Xa9r.1 lCal 0\ O'uv£nelee; ~Iae; tan£\VWtllC"e; O'OvStilC11e;£1PTlvTle;. Aoto elx£ eva a~eO'o anOt£AeO'~a. 000 aqlopa O'tTlv lCataO'taO'Tl tWV O'tpCllllatWV autwv' Tl«av£py{a .. tWV O"tpatlWtllCwV lCal 11 OllCovO~llCti Kp{O'l1 an6 t11v aAA 11noo aKoAooSI1O'£ ~£tanOAe~\!Cci. lCateO'tp&ljle evq 0'11llavt11C6 t~Tllla tTle; ~llCpo~noop~ooa~(ae;. OnwO'otinot& 11ICp{O'l1Tltav noAO O'opapT\ Yla t11V rSPllav{a napa yla tie; aH,ee; lCa7tltaAlollde; x,wP&c;.Ta e~~eO'aoe anOteAtollata

o\anpayl1atEOO'11e; 11£ tOue; K£qlaAaIOlCpat£e;. Tov rsrcpro Xp6vo tT]e; ICpiO'TJc;.u1tT\pxe Il\a oovall11.~6vo tlCavT) va IhaAuO'£1 to unapxov IlTl - ~IWO'l~O O'oO'tlllla: to lColllia rtov Na~(. ria t11V aO'nlCti ta~T] Sev OnTlPXE aUTl Olt~OOOC;ano to va napaowO'EI rnv nOAI ttJOi ~ooO'{a all autOue;. Km edv 11aO'tlKTl tru;T) O'uvt~aA£ 0"tT) ytvvncn ev6e; O'uO'ttll1atOe;. nou ent~aAe no AU O'ICATlPOtepee; O'ovStilCee;o\a~{wO'T]e; O'tO 1l£0'0 noAit11. an' 6tl to nponoA£llllC6 KaSeO'tWe;. tva O'uO't11l1a nou 0 aA118tvOe; tOU xapaKtTlpac; OEVIInopouoe va cpave{ lCaSapa. orcv Ylv6tav Tl ll£ta~{paO'Tl t11e; £~ooO'(ae;. 1rap' 6Aa auta 01 £b{o£e; tTle; aO'tllCtie; ta~11e; an6 ~\a latOpllCti npoo7tt\ICTl Otv i)tav t&AE(We;apaO'IIl£e;. T9 Na~IO'tlIC6 KiVT]lla 011IlloupY11O'e ~Ia rep~av{a. nou e{XE va e1tloe{~el 6Aa ta O'tOlxe{a. nou anapt(~ouv tvav ollaAa AeltOopyouvta «O'uYXPovo» lCanltaA10'~O.

t'1e; &{Xav aIC6~11 ~e'YaAOt£PTl ~pu't11ta. An6 to 1929. ~£ta an6 5 XP6vla £\)Tl~£plae; aota ta Otpwllata ~pl:ST]KaV ~ava 0'& anI:A7tlO'lllCti lCataO'taO'11 lCal enOj.ltvwe; elxav lCaO&Myo va O"tpeljlOVtal evavtlov tTle; 6T]~0ICpatlae; t11e; Ba~~ap11e;. t11v onola Oewpoooav lCata ICUPIOA6yo uneVOovTl Yla t11v Tlna tOO noA.t~oo lCal Yla to 6n eltttp&'Ve O'tlC; £\OtllC£e; ouvaj.l£lC;. va 6nl~aAAoov tTl auvStilC11 tWV BepO'aAAlWV ~e tnax9sle; Yla tTl repj.lavla 6poo~. Aotte; 01 lCataO'taoele; tOtpe'Vav ~apovovta 1C0IV(l)VIICQotpc.i>Ilata evavtlOv tTle; £\11~olCpatlae; tTle; 8ar.~ap11c;IJ. Ana Tl AOO'l1 lWV Na~1 oev Tltav Tl j.l6v11lCal flOWSa nptnel va O'11llelwOei. 6n 11 10eoAoyia tOO EOVIlCoO'oO'laA\O'~OO tnal~£ lCanOlo p6)'0. Av6~0\a j.I£ tT]v aO'tlICTl ta~11. aota ta O'tpooj.lata ~plO'lCovtav O'e avtigeO'Tl Ill: t11 £\11~olCpat{a t11C;Batllap11C; -t11v oneOSuv11 Yla t11v npoooola6xI e~ alt!~ 'tile; avtlS£O'11e; tOO<; ~e 'to 000IaAlo~6. aAM e~ altiac; tOU eOvllClo~OO too<;, M6A\C; £loav tva 10X0p6 1C6~~a. 1lCav6 va aOlCel I:7tlPPOTl nou onoO'x6tav lCaAAIttpeuaTl t60'0 O't'1v ICOIVWVIICTltOUe; 9tO'11 60'0 lCal avoOo tOO repj.lavllCOU tSvouc; toneuaav va tvwSoov ~t aoto. . y1tT\pxav noUol 1tapayov't&C;. tove; onoloue; I1nopoooav va tlCN r{ ~&taAA,eoeouv 0'& a .. ' ICI 0 XltAtp anooslXs"lCe Aa~7tp6c; oe St~ata taKtllC"C;' ~n6peO's va elC~etaAA.6uee{ oAec; tiC; 6ulCalp{ec; eKe{Vtc;. noo Sa tOY <>?11yoooav O't11v £~ooO'{a: AC; 9u~11eou~e j.l6vo n600 t~u7tva ooveooao£ snavaotatllC£C; ~eS600oc; lCa\ ICOIV0pou- "'~ ir;.

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9I1CT'1T'1 jlEyOAT)YQIOICTT)oiu,0 ncpalTEpW I('QtUT£jlaX1ojJoc;TWVlioll jll_ ICpli>V aypotlIC6lV CICjlC1QAAEOOCWV tltptlt£ va cjlnoolotti £1IIo'l<;.Auto ene'tEux91lIC£jlE TO).,eyOjlEVOErbhofgesetz. Ano tT)Van'l 01 CICI!CTaneUO'CI<; xou U1It\PXQVO'tlC;nAouO'I£C;O'AapIICtc;X<i>pcC; tnp£1IE va 1io90uv O'UVMAwI!Q 0'1'0ue;yUIOue; tWV Qypotwv, xou au t(jlwYQV cxo T'l yT)nov nUtEpooWV tOuc;. 6cv &iVQIICQ96AOUTUXQlo,ItOUrc Waffen • SS EltaVopli>9'1KUVICUplw<; un6 uYPoTOnQlliu. 13. Auto OAT)9eVO'EIuICojla ylu T'lV EnuvaO'TUTlIClincplolio 'l'OU1919 _ 1920: TO 1919 01 o~IOIIjIT)(jIo(jloPOI t\tQV 4.500.000 aTOjlQ, cvli>TO 1920 t<p9aO'uv tQ SE;l('uCICQTOjlIlUPIQ.

I. h£wv Tp6tO'IC\) ..EI mainlenanl"? O'tO Ecrih vol III (Paris 1959) p 126. 2. nap£lIlIt'tOVtW<;, OEVc{val aICollQ ~eICoOapo av 0 IlEtaO'X'ljlatlO'lloc; 9a £Ixc O'uV't£AeO''tEI.xwpi~ t'lIl£O'oMP'lO''l tOU llIaO'IO'TlICOU CIIE10'0010u. 020<; n. n. nou ~anOAUO'lICIlano t'lIllaO'lotlIC~ repjlavla. O'UVtpaACalI~aO'IO'tlICa O'tO va anOOlllx9c1 tCAIICO£nITuxl\c; 'l O'lIlOICpatIICI\1l0P(jll\ tou jletaO'XT)llatIO'llo\) (OT)A.tOU AllcplICavllCOUNew Deal). 3. BA. Carl Korsch ..H (jIQO'IO'TlIC~ avtcllavaO'taO'T)" 0'1'0 uZwvtavoc; Map~IO'lloc;" vol V. no 2, 1940, O'cA. 33. 4. To yeyovOc;. Otl to 1940 T)cnltUxia tOU New Deal (jIalvOtaV aIColiu IIOAUall(jlilloAT) nlOavwc; va O'uvtpaAAc ot'lv IlAaVl'J tou. (1I.x. alII; H.n.A. 0 ap191l0e; twv Qvepywv avtpxotQV t'lV C1I0X~ElCciv'l O'e8 IXQtOliliOPIQt\ O'to 15% tOu CpyQtlICOO1IA'l0u0'1l0U.cvli>O'tT)1lIa0010'tlICt\rCPIlQvla a1l0 to 1937 U1tt\pxc nAt\P'l<; allaO'xOAT)O''l).Autl't tOU T)nAovT)&Ixc noAUapvT)tIICbe;ouvcnclce; 00'0 Q(jIOpa O'tT)VnOAlTl1Ct\tOU nAat(jl6Plla. 6coojl£vou. Otl gewpouO'c to 1lIa0010'jlOO'av t'lIlOV'l Ouvatt\ ICQnltaAIO'tllct\ ~eAI~T), tPA&lI£ O'QVtCA&IWC; Itcplna 6AQta O'xt\JA(ltQtWVavtI - (jIaO'IO'tIIC<i>v jlCt<i>1IWv. rlQ tov KopC;. 0 aV't1 - (jIaO'IO'jlOC; t\tav tQUtOOT)Il0C;11£tOV aV't1- ICa1lItQAI0'110:T)jlOVT)ouvatt\ 1l0pcpt\ avtl - <paO'IO'jlout\tQv'l npOACtQPlaICt\£navaO'tatllCt\ npQlCtlIC~.To 1940 I!nopouO'Il va OellCQVciC;1I0AUAiyQ npaYjlata Q1I0 tIC;tdldC; O'Uvenclcc;tOU NQ~IO'jloOO'tT)VAl!llplICt\ ICQI£ivUI npocpo.vt~ on 0 Kopt; o&v to £loc. 'EYPQ<pc:.. '00'0 Q(jIopa otoue; cpyattc; ana~ov I!OVOIlIQ jlOPCP"oouAeiac; jl& KOnOlQ aAAT)", S. Borkenau ..na I!IQ ICO\VOlVIOAoylutOU ~QO'laI!Ou". 6. Trol.sky. 7. Ignazio Silone Ocr Faschismus (Zurich 1934). 8. Karl Marx ..H 18T) MnpujlQlp tOU houoo~iICOU BOVQnQPTT)", 9. Georg Lukacs "Blum Theses .. in Wcrke II (BepOAlvo 1968). 10. 0 Lukacs mlO'T)e;ICUT~QP£. 6n T)000'10 TOUICAaO'O'IICoU 1lIa0'10'1lO0 "tUV'l &lC1!T)OtV10T) trov O'uv8lICatwv' T)ICQTQO'tPO(jlt\ tT)C; jlQO'T)c;tOU pmpop1!10'1l1C00epyanICou ICIVl\jJlJtOC;. . II. 6&v 9Q nptn£1 vu ~exvool!&. OTI0'1'1e;H.n.A. tQ I!ttpa auta &AI\(jI9T)lCQVI!6vo ICQta tllV nEpiolio QValCQI!IjIT)~ tT)e;ollCovojlIQe;.H OOVQJ.IT) tOU pc(jIOPl!lotlICoO&pyaTllCoolClvt\I!QtOC;£nIO'T)~£~'1y£l, Ylutl O'tT)olaplCtlQ tT)e; ICpiO"lC;oev Unt\P~6 pl~OOnQO''tIICOnolT)O'T) tT)C;ePYQ'tIICI\e;t~T)C; O't'l rllpl!Qvia. 07tW<;O'Uvt~T)n.);. OtT)rQ).AiQ 1\ otiC; H.n.A. 01 opyaVWI!CVOIEpycittc; ItPOO'lCOA.At\9T)KOV 0'1'0 stalus quo. nou toue; oluO'<pciAl~eltQ n£plO'O'oTCPQ ItASOvtICtI\I!OtU.TT)v 101Uflnoxl\ 1!6vo tva I!IICPOI!tpoc; trov Qvopyavw'twv ovtpyOlv IClv"9T)IC£npoc; tQ OPlO''tEpci.AU'l'6 1!1I0p.:1VQ&~T)yT)O£i £v IltPCl onO tT)VnpotAllUoT) aut<i>v tWV O'tpwl!atWV lClEVI!£pCl uno tT)VUO''I'a9&IQ IeQIoUYlIO'T)TT)e;1t0AItlICI\e;TOUrCpjlQVllCOOKOj.IjlouVlO'tlICoulClvt\jlUto<;. itO\) tu.dWt; QvllCuvo. QUOtl! ul09tto\>O'c £1IQVQO'tU'tIlCa O'uv&t\I!QtQ,aAAD't£ tQ O'AOyICQV T'le; o£~IOe;ICIaAAot£ Entl'ClVt OTT)"O'1I!OICpatiQ".);wplC;VQ I!lfOp&{VQ npotlllvlll ~e; O'UYlC£ICPll1tVl'J 01~000 Qno tT)VICpIO'T). 12. H £1ttt),,&OT)tOU npoyp6l!llQtOt; QUtOu paO'ICOtQVO'tT)V101U£nlO&n~ 1l1tlllCtUtlICI\lfOAItIICt\.1IOUXQpalCtt\Pl~t tT) N~IO'tlICI\ lOeo>..oyiQ' eQV

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a1tO ttl ~roll' Kat ttl bpaO"tl trov Na~laKrov !:UAAOYrov (1226 - 1927)

AIAMOP(tOTIKOI: I:YAAOrOI: «0 AnOAAnN .. AnEIPAN00Y (£t~i8puGl1C; 1878)

o ..,iIUl4opcpootlIC6C;IUA).oyoe; ..0 An6Hoov». 10pu011IC£O'['lV Ane{pavOo Na~ou tnv 1 Matou 1878 an6 rooc Avaor. np(l)'to7tanaMICl1ICU1feoop. npoo'tonanalialCl1. 0 "Kavovlo~6~ .. (= KnreoratlI(6) toti oun6you, nou e{xe 40 apOpa. tuncOO11K£oe f}1f}AlapalCl. to (liiO ttO~. 0TllV Ep~oOno).11 t'lC; Iopou ("'tonole; np0600u,,), o ~\a~opcpoo'tlK6~ I:UI..1..oyoe;.aUl-lcpoova~£ to 10 apOpo 'tOI)KaVOVlOj.lOU tOU &{X£ooc; oICono "'t11Vre 11S1IC~V KUIolavo11tlIC1'\vSla7tA.acnv ICUI~PCPOOOlV'tOOVICUtO(ICOOV (011~. 't11C;A7t£lpavOou) Sta t11e;ooo'tao£oo~ 0xoA1'te;tOU Aaoo ICal Ola t11C;uv£ytpoeooc; ICal euvt11Pt'!O£W<;napOevayooy£{ou». EvtU7tOO011~a~ ICavel aK6~11 'to 0X£tlK6 7to)..(m).olCoOI0IK11'tlIC6ox1'\~u tOU oUAA6yOUnOI) np6f}A£n£0 KavovlO'~6e; (oro 40 apOpo) oo~cpoova ~& 'tOY 07t0{0 0 aUAAoyoe; 9a Ih£uOuv6'tav an6 7 ou~poo).ouC;. a7tO~(a 7t£Vta~£A1't e1tltpont'!lCal 000 OwOeKa~eAe(e;an6 tiC; o1to(e~ 11~(a 9a PPIOIC6rev 0't0 t~oot£pIIC6. ~ootoypacpllC6 avtlypacpo o\1tA.wl-latOC;rou ..A7t6noova» 011140ol£uetal OtO 1t£pI00IIC6 "'t' A1t£paOou OtO cpo13 - 14. A9~va. 100VIO~- 100AIOe;1985... AplO~. 29. ~la~opcpOOtlIC~ IOA~OYOC;0 An6AAoov ev An£lpuvS(U Na~ou. napali£~a~evoc; &V't117tpoo't'laulOO ouveliplao£l tOY c~ A1tttpavOou Na~ou ICUPIOV~11~l'ttPlOV I. (;) IICA'lpaIC11v~t1..0C;autou tUICtlK6v O(OOOOIV uutW 'to 7tup6v olnAool4a.Ev A1t£lpavO(a Na~ou t11 1411Matou 1878 ttOUC;.0 Ilpoeopoe; A. npoo'to7tanaliaK11~. 0 fpa~~u't£6~ (Y7toypacp~ oooavayvOOOt11)", lt•

0, Na~,aK'O' au),,)..oyo, aqp.epa I~~epa u7taj>Xouv 7toUol va~laICol OU)J.oYOllCal O'['l Na~o Kal o'trlV A9~vu. ITll Na~o u7tapxouv OUAAOYOI7tOAltlOtlICOI.aOA'ltlICOI. yovtoovICUIIC'loe~6voov. OUVOlICUAIOtlICOI. e7tUneA~unICol. aYP0tlICol. epyatlICa ooo~utda, y£(l)PYllCOIouv&talplo~ol 7tOUtxouv o£O'tepo1360~106pyuv6 tOUe;'t'lV 'Evooo'l feoopy. IUV£'tUlPlO~<i>vNa~ou. OIICOVO~llCte; eVWO£l<;1'\ £'tUlpelee; IC.A7t.Mia 7tMp'le; ICu'tuypuq>l't 'toov~Q~IKWV(pOptoovtOU V'lOIOO.lo~ oev t';(el ylvel ~tXPI o~~e-

TO I:OMATEIO TOY TIMIOY I:TAYPOY(h~ (&p\)(Jl1C; 1116)

fla to 7taAuI6't&po. lCaTeirtciou nl9av6t'lta. ICal~aICpopI6't£po vU~laIC6 ooo~ate(o. ~uc; &lvEI 7tA'lpocpop(&e;0 cpup~uIConoI6c; ICUItp&uv'l't~e; T'lC; va~IUIC~e;10Toplue;. 100eiW11C; N. ~tna - P61C1CUC; Ot'lv &pyao(u tOU ~c tltAo .. H KU7ttAAu Ka~ei't~u. 'l Aoel..cpooUV'l ICal 'l E~noplICIl IxoM Na~ou ... 7tOUO'l~OOleuT'llCe OTO~. 't6~0 'toov e7tc't11pllioov tl1C; Etulpe(ac; KUICl..alincwv MeA&Twv. A9T\va 1964. one; otAlliee; 439 - 468. To ICaOol..I1C6Ioo~a'ttlo 'tou Tl~(OU I'tuupoo (npo11yoo~evec; 0paA~16AOY'l oPUO't'lPI6t'l'tU UVU7ttOOO~uvICUI01 30 7tepl7tou 001..vo~ucrl&c;: Aoel..cp6t11C;(~ AOtACPOoUV'l)tOU AYloota'tou IW~atoe; 1..0yOItOOVeYICu'teO't'l~tvoov ot'lV A01'\vu Nu~loov. 01 cpope{e;uu'tOUXPIO'tOU 1(UI: AlieA.cp6t11e;tOU TI~(ou Ituupou) 10p09r!IC&.1tITol. 7tOUOX'l~Ut(Ot'lICUV ~e 136011't11V10Ial'tep11 7teploxt'! 'tou V'lOav6'tuta. to hoe; 1226 ICal AeltooPY'lO& ~tXPI tOY awva ~ae;. o\ou a7t' T'lV 07t0(uv 7tpo~A9av t'! ICuTayovTal ta ~tl..11 tOUC;.elC~luxelplo't'llCt ylu ~yaA.o XPovIK6 lileiOt11~Utl1v 7t&ptOuo(a t'lC; 7tPOOOO7tOUVTUt OT'lV 7tAeloljl11CP(U 'toue; OtO 0£utepoI369~10 ouvtOtICICA.1101aC; tOU Kaotpou "Ka7ttnuc; Ku~ei't~ac;.. TllC;acpltpoo~tV'le; vtotlIC6 tOUe;6pyavo. 't'lV O~oo7tovola NU~laICwv Iun6yoov. t'lV ot'lv navay(a. H Aeltoupylu t11C;yvOOOtlle;E~1topIIC~C;IXoA.1'\c; O.NA.I. N a~ou (1891; - 1927) tuut(~£'tal ~e t'lV tplt11 cpao11A.moupyluc; 01 vU~laICol ounoyol t'! ooo~at&lu 7tpoocptpouv o'l~avtl1Ctc; u0XoAelou nou llipuoe 11AoeAcp6't11tUto 1627. AAM nup«n11AU ~t 7t'1peo(cc; ICUtOt11Na~o. ~ t11Vavtl~&tw7tI011 ~ 7tpolX>l..~VU~IU- t11 IXOA1'\ A.eltouPY110&ICUIEAI..11VI1(6IxoA.uPxtlo 0' autT\v. ICWV7tpopl..11~atOOv.ICUIota ~tl..'l TOUC;.~e t11VoleICo(IC'1011T\ &7tI..Meta t11VOleiAUOIV'tTIe;IxoA1'\e; 't11VolaxdplolV t11C;n£plot>AOO'l Ult'l~atOOv 'toue; 1'\ ~& 't'1 olopyavooo'1 eICo11AWoeoov. olue; t11e;Ku1tH.A.ac;uvtAupev 1(UI1tciAlv'l A06Acpooov11.ooe;7tOl..l'tIK6v d.tov ooo~ute(ov (011~· e101lc6e;vO~I1(6C;6poC;). u1t6 t11V£nAqpocpop'~ y,a Na~lOKO~ aulloyoUli atov Turto noovu~lav Iool4an;(ov tOU TII4(OUItaupoo .. ypcicp&l0 looav. ~enaP6ICICac;ICUInPo09hel. ~e't~u ciAl..oov.tU t~1'\C;:..Me'ta 't11Van£I'to va~laIC6 KUt ICUICAUOl1C6 'turto. uno 7tOAU07taVlu' ICUIO'[ov ).£uetpOOOlV (011~. an6 t11 y£p~avllCl't ICUtOXl't)to EAAl1V1IC6v u0'1va~IC6. urtciPXouv 7tA'lPO(pOplec;YIUv~laICOOe; oun6yoUC;. M& Kpa'toc; tiC; t11Vnpoo7taOelav 'tou ola TllV a7t01(ataotaow tOOVa1360'1 1C\lp(ooc;ne; 7tA'lPO(pOplee;uude; ICUIel..ciX10'toovaAAoov..7t11- 1('t11~6V(1)v. a1t11AAOtp(OOO£ Kal t11V7t£plouo(av t11C;KantUac;. At>ywv'" Oa 7tPOO7tuOT\ooovu nupouoloooo ICanolu o'toIXe(u u7t6 T'l t6 t'!tO 11XUPIO'tIK1'\1301..1'\· H oxoA~ tdelo£. to 1Ct(pIO£p£lnW811. ~oo~ ICal 't'1 opao11 7tQAUI6t1:poovva~lalCwv oul..A6Y(l)v. H tpcuva 11 A06ACPOOUV11 topuoe. Movaxu 11 KantAAu OttIC61 UICMv'lt11" UUt1'\tYlve. KUp(ooc;.~& pao'1 TUcpuna tOOVva~laKwv 1'\ Y&VIKWV (Il1~elcOvoo eacO6't1 o~l4£pa to ICtlPIO 't11C;E~nopllC1'\c;I~oA1'\C;.aICUICAuOllCWV ecp'l~&pl&Ovnou f}plolCov'tal O't'l MntValC&IOBIf}I..IO- VQnaAalooj.ltvo. O'[eY~£1 'to Aj>XUIO).oYlIc6 Mouot(o Na~ou ... 0~1C'l T'lC;BouA1'\C;.o't11VA01'\vu. Kal o'to 10'tOPIK6 ApXe(o t11C;NeiI't11V nupancivoo epyao(u 0'[11 oeA. 449 unaPX£1 Kal KUVOVIOj.l6C; ~ou. (=KutaotunIC6) t11C;AO£ACP6t11tac;.tOU ttove; 1880. neivtooc; 01 nA'lPocpop(ec; 7tOUelxa OT'l 01ei060~ ~ou OtV 1'\tuv 7toHtc; Yla va ~ac; liwoouv ~Ia 7tA1'\p'l &IIC6va't'lC; ~001'\c;ICal T11C; 6pao'lC; TOOV V~IUKWV ~a~IKWv cpoptoov.

I:YMOrOI: TON (tIAOnpOOAON (TPArAlA 1894) Ine; 15 Auyouo'tou 'tou 1894 lopue'tal.~e topu t11VTpaya(a. 0 IUAAoyoC;tOW~IAonp060(l)v. (To ICe(~£VOtOOV25 apOpoov tOUKaVOVlO~OO(= Ku'taotatlICou) Ka9w~ ICUIto 6YICPltl1C6BaOIA.lIC6 ~latu'IIlIa tne; 2.12.1894 0111-l001£uoV'tUIotO un' apl9146 95 ~UAAO ,... ., 1894 • f ') IICo1t6C; Ecp11~ep(oac;t11~ Kup£pvT'to£ooc;t11e;5.12. • tt\)XOC; . 'tou Iu1..A.6you npop).£7t6tav (otO ap9po I) 6t1 9a s(val"11 ava7t'tU~l~ tOOV~eArov Kal 11olaOoO'IC;oocp£A(~oovyvwo£OOV£ICnOI..ItlOtlICWVY£OOPYIICWV 1(411ev ytv£1 pIO't£XVIICWV ava naoav t11VvT\oov. np~ oe. 11unOot1'\p1~1C;7tavt6c; 1(olvoocpeAouc;tpyou Ola Myou ICUI UA11~tcp' 60'0v ta ~oa tOU OUA.A6youto £7tI'tpt7tOUOIV.11napox1't UAIIC~C; U1tOot11p'~eooc;elC;rtclOXovtU I4tA11111411'tou ouAMyou ICal £v YtV£1nav acpopwv £l~ 't11V£n( 'ta np6000 nope(av 't11e;ICOl~OOV(U~ TJl4cOv",Ito apOpo 2 lilaf}~ou~6: ..Ta 7tpOe;tOY OIC07tOV tOUtO cptPOVtU (011~.: I4toa) toovtal a) (lipuol~ avayvooo't11P~OU~&'ta 131f}AIOO1'tICl1~ £v Tll npID'ttUOUOTl'toU ~t'!~ou (1tpocpavooc;tTlC;Tpuya(ac;) 13)011~601UI SlaAt~e1C; ICal y) ~(i)vlo~ata lilacp?pa npoe; ppaJ3euoIV 'tou snll-ltA£O'[tpoU y&OOpyou1'\KaAAl£pY11tOUava t11V Vl\oov ...

AAEA(tOTHI: I:MYPIAOPYKTON AnEIPAN00Y (1898;)

plO~6 9 t11e;4.3.1898. r. B'). ~UOlUXWC;oro lCa'tao'tutlK6 Ssv unaPX&1l1~epo~l1v(a u7toypacpt;e; a7t6 m ~tA11 rou. YnoAoyi~ou~e. 7tuvtOOC; ~&pao11 rnv 11~epo~11vlu \)noypacp~c; roo B. ~. O'tl to 000I-la'te(o IOpu911IC&O'[l~ apXt~ roo 1898 r\ 0'[0 'ttAoC; tOU 1897. I:ICo7t6~'t11~..AOeAcp6't11l0C;'toovI~upiOwpulC'twv rou ~t;~ou t11C; AnelpavO(ac; 't11C;Na~ou .. "Oa elve 11 j}ei..tiooolC;t11e;'t0X11e;'toov 7tpuy~anICw~ O~UPlOIDpUICtWV tOU or\~ou rooroo- (apOpo 1). M£ rnv 7t£plOuO'(a'11e;ASeA.cp6't11'tOe;. 600 'tTle;etvci ouvat6. «a) Oa y{v11tal 7tpo~r\9£la ~ Eupro1t1'Je;ICutan~Aoov epyaAe(oov npoe; £OKOAoo'ttpav e~6p\)~lV roe 0PUKtoO P) Oa t~ooeuoovtai ta anapaltr\tOO~avaYICalOUVta npoc; ol6pOOOO'IV tOOVano 'ta opuxelu ~tXPI tOU 6P14oUMout~ouva~ ayouorov oOwv». En{ol1~ ..Oa olli'ltal OUVopo~r\ 'tl~ £l~ uva~lOnaOouO'av r\ ~tyaAooc;OUOtUxouoav otxoveverav O~I)PlOOOpOKtOU' Kal e) 041o{OTl'talouvopo~1't tlC;ele;'t£KVOVO'~UPlooopu!Ciou 7tpOIC&I~tVOU va aKoAouer\O'l OpUK'tO).OYlKQ~ o7touM~ (apOpo 11). (To Ka'taOtanKo e(XE 15 apOpa Kal tva. aK6~11, «aKPO'tEA&U'tlOV» ).

I:YAAOrOI: TON NASION KYNHrON (TPAr AlA 1900) 10pu011K£Ot11VTpaya(a onc; 4 No£~f}p{ou roo 1900. l1uotuXro~ Sev 011~00\£u&'tal 'to ICt(I-l£VOrou KataotatllCou (29 ap9pu KUI tva. UIC61411."UICPOt£A.EUtlOVn)OtO ~.E.K. un' aplS~6 1 tTJc; 2.1.1900 Ct. B '). oxou Kataxoop{~e'tal 'to &YKPltl1C6B. ~lei'taYl-la 't11C;26 l1eKc~pp{Ou 1900.

I:YAAOrOI: TON NASION (A0HNA 1902 - ;)

I'tl1v 'l~epr\ola a9T1Va\ICl'!&CP11~£P{Oa "KUlpO(" tTle;Tctapt11C; 5 louv(ou 1902 (cp. 4.786) 0't11 O£A(OU4 (Otr\A.11"KolVoovt1Ccl»)011~0OUlU£tUI11£~1'\~aYY£A(a: «T11V7tPOO&Xr\KuplulC~ 9 louv(ou ICa).oQvtal ta ~tA'l 'tou IUAMyou 'toov Na~(oov EIC;taICtllC~v ouv£oplaolV t11V10 7t.~. &V'tooBappuICeloo AuIC£{oo",(flat{ «puy£ npotl~~911IC&0 oUylC£lCpl~tvoe; t61toc; ylu 'tTl ouvtAtOO11 tou IuAA.6you;). flU 'tOY(010. 7tlOavwe;.IUAAOYOy{v£tal A6yo~ Kal Oll1V£pSo~aOIU{U(va~luIC~;) £CP11l4ep(oa"Aon(c;". 1tOUtpyulve Ot11V AOr\va ("fpucpeiov ICalTunoypucp£(ov OO~ APIOt&(OoU6 ..) 14£oleuOUVt~ 'to I. M. MciAuYl-laO'tl~ 2210uv(ou 1902 (ap. CPUA.. 31 ttouc; A '). Ie ap9po 14£'tlt",o ,,~£v evtpa1t1'JICuv;» oanp('etal 0 «or\Oev" (6noo~ xapa1C't11pl~£'tal) I:uHoyoc; 'toovNu~{oov 6't1 tx£l oKono va 7tpof}a).el U7tOljlr\CPIOUC; j}OUA£U'tte;.To apOpo nep1tX£1 ola).oyo 7tOUyl v£'tal O£ &Ona't6plo tTlC;7tAat&(u~ 'I'uppr\ o'tO 07to(0 £XEl 't07toO&tl1Oel X£Ip6ypacp11£IOonoI11011tOU Iu)")'6you ICalavacptpnal uIC6~11 6n ICan oX£'tl1C6l4e 'to IUAAoyo 0111-l0o{£uoe11ecp11~£p{oa"KUlpo( ... (' Apayc swot( t11v uvucp£p6~ev11 napunavoo aneA.iu tOOV Kalpwv;"), I'to (010 cpono (31) 't11e;Aon(Sae;. O£ ano (~11autotEHe;). IC£I~£vo. oanpl,e'tal ~la ouydv'tPOOO11. 67tou y(vOVtal npOOna9&lec; Yla 011~loupyla 1(anOIOU(va~laICou npocpuvwC;)Iun6you yla 1010t£A.eie;OICOrtOUc; 6rrox; n.x· yla 't11V7tpOpoAr\ UnOIjlr\cploUPOUA&Ut~. AvacptpetUI to 6vo14u lCa7tOIOUAA.loacpl oo~ lC£vtPIICOUO~IA11t~ ot11 ouydvtpooo11· M£ ~IU ouo't11~atllCr\ tP£uva. 10'00~&IvaI ouvat6 va UvaYVOOPlOtoUV 1(anOla u7t6 'tu 7tp60oo1tat11C;ouydvtpooo11~


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ano £vl)£i~£l(; Kal unalvIYJ.lOU~TOUK£tJ.lfVOU.(To 1)'1J.l0O'{£uJ.la 9a (J)IAonTOXOl: AdEA(J)OTHl: NAEOY O'uv£XI£:Otav0'£ £n0J.l£vo qluno tlle; £qlllJ.l£pillae;,onwc; to illio £i••0 ArIOl: llANTEAEHMnN» vat O'UvtX£la anou ano to npollYoUJ.l£vOqluHo). 6£v ~tpOUJ.l£av taMo 011J.l0O'I£UJ.latatOU qI. 31 't'le; AO'n(oae; a(1906 • 1908) vaqltpOvtal O'tOV {lIlO :EUAAOYO (onOl~ etvci nl9avo) Kal en(O'11~ Kata noco cvrcnoxptvovrm ornv (lAtl9£la, Ylati J.lla O'cltlpa tl reyov6tCl nplV aM t'lV (SPumt J.lla KaUO'tlK";KpItlKr; elvai lIuvato va neplfXouV noAA.t~uneppoAte;. (To qI. 31 tlle; AO'nioae; PplO'Kotav tOY AnpiAlo TOU1985 cvd:EtO qluHo Ult' apl91l0 169 tllC; 13 Mcprlou 1905 tlle; EqlllJ.lep{J.l£O'aO'tO £Kn9tJ.l£vo UAIKOroo apxEiou tOU :Etaopou KaHtpYll oac; c<Alyaiov» Na~ou. 0 t6tE ApXleltiO'lColtoe;rtov Ka90A.IKWVNaO'tO nVEUJ.latiKo Ksvrpo tOU 61\J.lou A911va(Olv). ~ou cII{A.I1tnoe; KaJ.laaO'El, oe ureollvlllla rou npoc; tOUe;POUA.eutEe; :EllJ.lEIWvOuJ.le, eniO'11e;.Otl 0 ..M. Kopte;.IIIOclKtOlp tOlVMaOllJ.la-' No.~ou, J.lellJ.lep0J.lllv(a 10.3.1905, nporetver tll cSllll10upy{aNoootIKWV". onwe; unoypaql£l. ee enlatOA"; tOU J.lEllJ.l£pOJ.lllVia12 NoK0J.le£OUatll Nci~o Yla Xo.Pll6a(l)v lCatOilCOlvtlle; 1tp(l)teuouaac; tou £J.lppiou 1901 nou attAvel ano rnv A9";va O'tO ..Alyaiov .. (1I11J.l0- Vllalou PplOlCOVtalas napa noM lleyo.All qltwxela lCalorepoovrm O'IEUEtal O'tO qI. 23 tlle; 2 6£K. 190I) ypaqlel Otl to£O'£ npc;>noA.A.ou O'uYYEvllCtl1tEpi9aA.ljlll·Y1tOcSEllCVUEI J.laAIO'ta lCal lCatclA.AllA.o01tllv avaYKll 011J.lIOuPy(ae;:EuvlltaJ.lou tOlV Na~(Olv. An' auto to lCo06Il11llaato aKpo tllC;1tOAlle;,KOVta ae Naoue;. lCalnou naAaloO'tOlxdo'oll'lYOullaO'te atllv un0geall on ato ttA.oe; tou 1901 oev tEpa XPllO'iJ.l£llE(l)e;6111l0tllCO:ExoAe(o. UntlPXE :EuHoyoe; Na~(Olv. touA.6:XIO'tOO'tllv AO";va. onou auvta:EtllV npotaall tOU APXIE1tlO'lC01tOU yla iopUO'11NOO'OlCOlleiouaXtllKE 11£nlatOAr; Kal aKoJ.lll on EtOe;illpualle; tOU Na~laKou :EuA- vtanolCpivovtal J.leplKO( Na~lwtee;. 'Etal O'tO qI. 176 tOU «AIA.6you tllC; A9tlvac; nptn£1 va £ivai J.lclA.AOV to 1902. yaiou", tllC; 19 Matou 1905, avaypacpEtal 11reAllpocpopia 6n 0 n. 1:ta 1905. ane; II AuyoootoU (qI. 72) 11..napova~ia .. £:11taelYla np(l)tonanaoalClle;, nou avacpEpEtal we; «npwllv POUA£Ut";e;",0 tllv KaAutepll 1I10pyavOlall tllC;YIOpt";e;tllC;navayiae;. to 6eKanetpanE~itllC; MapICoe;N. 6alllpaAllC; lCal 0 MIX. N. 6aJ.llpaAlle; repovtauyouO''to. atllv napo. va pOll0tlaOuv 01 :EuHoyol (npoqlaVWC; acpspav Yla tiC;npOlCataplCtllCec;epyaa{f:c; are6 200 0PX. 0 lCaOtvae;, tOlVnaplavwv) O'tllv A9tlva. O'tll Iupo Kal atov nelpala Yla va evw Yla tll O'uvttlPllall tou NoO'olCOJ.leiou100 IIpX. etllO'iOlC;.En{IIleuKoAuv9ouv 01 npoO'KUVlltte;. Kupiwe; yla tKnt(l)all ata vaUAa alle;. lCata to O'xenlCo 011J.loaisuJ.la,0 cpapllalConoloc; N. 6eA.A.ap6J.letaqlopac; tOUC;.Kal auveX(~£I: ..npoe; toutO o£ tOlautllv £~iaou lCae; ..cyypacpwe;", npoaqlEpOlllCC va O{VEIoopeav ta cpaPJ.lalCa £vtpyelav Kal opaatllPl6tllta Oqlt{Aollev va avaJ.lvtla(l)J.lCVKal atoue; vOallA£UOJ.lEVOUC; lCal 0 Ylatp6c; MapICOC;6alllpaAllC; J.l£ere1napa t(l)VaOeAqlWvNa~i(l)v. eite auAA.6Y(l)v.eite Kal at6J.l(l)v. on6atOA"; tOU ureoaXEOllICeHI o(l)peav Oepareeia t(l)V aaOevwv. te ouoeJ.lia OtAel anoJ.lel vll aJ.lqllpoAla 6n 11reavtlyuplC; 9tAei Aa:EEanavtllall O'tllV Itpotaall tOU KaOOAllCoUlepapXll lCataX(I)J.lrepuv9tl III' areavt(l)v t(l)V J.lsa(l)v". pi~etal 0111l0a{eUJ.la,ato qI. 177 tllC;28 Malou 1905 tOU ..Alyaiou ... EKt(VO nou KUp(OlC;evolaqltpel tllV Ep£uva Ilae; eow elval av J.le ultoypacp"; ..01 ev Na~iole; eAaXIO'tOI..... (alCoAouOOUV1t0Ha anpaYJ.latl ulttlPxav Na~laKo( :EUA.A.oyolto 1905 (tlllev np6Keitai nOal(l)ltlltlKa J.leta tllV elCcppaall auttl). 1:' auto eKqlpo.~etal 11 yla J.lla anA"; ure60eall) Kal nOlo( (1\ nOloc;) eival auto!. 0 ~1A.6naYVWllll6n lI£v npEnel va 011llloupYllgei NoO'olColleio, ana AoeA.tPIC; Kal 11cIllA.6nt(l)XllAlleAcpOtllta lIev e(xav aK6J.lll lopu9,,( atll cp6tllta ItOUlCageJ.leA.OC; tlle; nptreel va Katapanel touA.aXlato J.lla Na~o. Mtln(l)e; np6Keitai yla ICcinolo tl' KanolOuc; va~laKouc; 1:uA- OpaXlltl to Il";va, va .1I1011Celtala1t6 1teVtaJ.leA.tlereltp01t"; Kal ae A.6youC;tllC; A0tlvae;. nou Oa tltav Kal ItIO AOYlK6va evepy";O'ouv nepiltt(l)all aaOeve{ac; lCo.ltoloUanopou va tou napeXel ta J.ltaa reeKal yla tll J.lel(l)allt(l)VVaUA(I)VcKe{;EireaJ.lc6tt tlOll to 1902 UlttlPplOaAljIlle;Kal O'UvttlPllalle;. Ereialle; va O'Uv£opla~ouv ta IlEAllt'le; xc va~laK6e; O'uUoyoC; atllv AOtlva. AlleA.cp6tlltae; dOe Xpovo atll ..6111l0ttK"; :EXOA";Appev(l)v .. Yla va A.oyooote{ 11 610{K'la'l tOU :E(I)J.lateiou. Ita 1908, 11..np6000C;", ato cpo21 tlle; 21 louv{ou, Kata'Y'YsHEI tllv avultap~la va~laKou :EuA.A.6you(tl :EuAA.6Y(l)V) Kal auveltwe; Tllv avaYICll iopualle; cIl1A.6nt(l)XllC; AoeAcpot'ltac; tOvi~el ae ap9po tOU J.le tltAo ..EIt(ICA'lalC;npoC; toue; anavtaxou Na~ioue; .. 0 tllv elt{allJ.lll anoua{a tOU Vllalou J.lae;,Ila~{ 1l6vo J.letll I(KI vo Kal auvepyat'le; tOU "Alya{ou" M. X. :E(I)llap{nae;O'nc; 4 NOEJ.lPp{OU tll cIloAtyavopo, alt6 tllv ltaYKuKAaOIKtleKOtlAOlalltlle; 25 Matou 1905, ato qluno 193 't'le; eqlllllep(cSae;. . 1908 1t0UItCpIAaJ.lPaVeapXICpatlKtl A.eltoupy{a ato MlltP0ItOAInK6 Na6 tlle; A0tlvae; Kal Otll auvEXela eKcpWvllalltOUreav'lYupl'lopu'"1 t'lC; AoeAcp6t'1taC;- Spaat'lPl6t'1tec; KOU,ato yeitovIK6 Kt{piO tOu :EuvotaJ.lou EJ.lreopoOreaHtlA(I)vtlle; AO";vaC;,an6 tOY repoeopeuovta tlle; naYKulCAaOllCtlC;'Ev(l)alle;, I. Inc; 16 .ieICeJ.l~p{ou 1906 (qI. 239 o.re.) 0 M. X. :E(I)J.lap{ltac;avay-' KaYlCaoll. Ecpttll· To 9llJ.loa{euJ.la (J.le ulto'YpaCPtl:K.) ypaqlel lCal 1:Olllate(ou ..cIIlA61tt(l)Xoc; ta C~tle;(J.lEta~u o.HOlv): ..... Ae; J.lll AllaJ.lOvwvtal 01 ola J.lUp{(I)V yEAA£1tllV (opuall tOU qlIAav9p(l)1tllCOU paOlOupylWV lCal lCalCotlO(l)vJ.lEa(l)VolaMaavtee; tOY Itpo tlV(J)VeAoeAcp6tlle;", eltla'lJ.l~(vel tll OIK";tou aUJ.lPOA~'Yla t'lV npaYJ.latOreo{11all tOU aK01tOUautoo lCal avacptpel Ott O'Uvavt'lO'£ !tOHse; twv lopu9tvta :EuHoyov tOlVNa~(Olv EVA0tlvau;, oft wee; Kal 0";l)ualCoA(se;J.leXPIva qJtaael at'lv eltltux(a t(l)VnpoanaOslwv tou. J.lepov K6lttoVtai 61t(l)~alto~evwa(l)al tllv Na~ov alt6 tllC; naYl(1)ICAaOllCtlC; EVWac(I)e;ola KaKOtlOWVKal upplattlCWV ollJ.loal&UJ.la- 1:xenKCi 116 tllV (opuall t'le; AoeAcp6tlltaC; a'lJ.lelci>vOUJ.l8 8000 Ott to lCataatatlK6 tOu a(l)J.lat£{ou ~£ 'lJ.lepollllv{a 28 cIl6~pouap(ou 1907 t(l)V". 6uatuXwc;, 0 auvtalCt11c; tOU KelJ.lEVOU Oev oleulCpw{~el re6tE Kal J.le29 ap9pa eylCp{OlllCS~6 B.6. atl~ 14.5.1907. (:EtOcII.E.K. 9S IOPUOllKC0 v~lalC6c; :EuAi-..oyoC; tlle; A9tlvae;, 1t6tc OlaAUOllICe,an6 ItOIOUe;Kal J.lEItOISe;CVEpYEIEe;. 0 :EuHoyoe; aut6e;, ltaVtOle;.Alya tfI~ 17.S.I90? t. A' O'eA.386 reou reepleX£1to eYKpltlI(61)IataYlla, cSevcSllJ.lOaleUEtalto KS(J.leVO tou lCataO'tattKou). :EeaUYlCplall Kal hll J.leta tllv IcSpl,latltou cSlaA.09111C&, Kata to cSllJ.loO'ieuJ.la.Kal II J.l6tl~ nA'lPocpop{ec; nou aKOA.OuOouvcpa(vetal 6tl II Alle).qlotllta OUiAUatl tou oev 9a Itptltel va e(val J.lalCplo.are6 to EtOe;1908 Ylat( C{XCIcSpu9c!. Kata tOY K .• A.{ya XPovla ItPIV. aPXIO'e tll opaall tll~ lCal nplv tllv O'uVta~'l ~ eYKplO'11tou KataO'tattlCou tlle;. MeAll t'l<; ASeA.qlot'ltac; (ov0J.lata lCal noaa nou to lCaOtva rep6-'~ 1-\ aqlep£ a' aUt~v) avaypacpo~al am cpo240 tou "Alya{ou", t'l ~;{'."" I

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6EK~. 1906. AVaJ.l60'a tOUe;etvm 0 ApXle1tiO'K01tOe;reov Ka90AIMov~ rrov ~paylCIO'lCavwv eqlana~ oPX. 12 - Ep. 6e AO'tilC5 _ A. KeIlV~{AlIt7tOe;KClJ.laO'aei',0 MlltpOnoAitlle; napova~{ac; rplly6nOAI't'le; 6";J.lapxoe; 2 - n. AevtOuOllC;EIP'lvoll(Klle; 2 - r. MeooplOe; Kal nono! aA.AoI lCatOIKOI. Aoyyltlle; 2 - M. 6eAAa - POKae;2 - 6. naAaIOA.0yoC;2 - IaK. XaAITa ovoJ.lata rev J.leA.wv tOU 6101KT.lttKOU:EuJ.l~oUAiouIleta areo IClonouAOe;cpapll· 2 - N. 6eAi-..a - POICae;cpaPIl. 1 - 6. naYlCaAoC;latiC; apxalpea(Ee; roo :EUA.Aoyou(Sev avaqitpEtal nuepounvto !tOU tpoc; I - M. MapyapitllC; 1 - r. AUAllttle; latpoe; I-A. N. OllCOVOtywav aUtEe;)cSllJ.l0O'leUovtClI O'tO qI. 250 tlle; 31 Maprtou 1907 tOU 1l(1I11e; I - Y. 6e AaO't(lC I -:E. naA.alOAOyoc; I - N. cIlpaYlC61touAoe;1 «Alya{ou ... H aoveeall tOU 6.:E. etvm 11alC6A.ou911:npoeSpoc;: 6. - :En. nanaOcilClle; :EuIlPOA..I - M. M£AIO'O'oupy6c;I - Ap, Pauton. naYKaAoc;. AvnnpoEl)pOe;: laIC. NaunAUOtlle;. Talliae;: M. X. nouAOe;,I - AA. PaUt01tOUAOe;I - rCPQO'I~Oe;cIlpaYlConouAoe;I-A. IOlllap(nae;, rpaJ.lJ.lateae;: M. Mapyap(tlle;, :EUJ.l~OUA.OI: A. OIKOMna~aloe; I - J. NaUnA.lWtlle;:ExoMpXlle; I-A. 1:0qlIKitllC; I _ I. vOIl(II11e;,N. ~paYKonOUA.Oe;,EJ.lJ.l.NaureA.IWtlle;Kal 6. XpUO'11e;. TO'aA{Klle;I - :En. :EICaptt~oe;latpoe; I - r. E~apxonouAOe; OllC'lYOrIa vc aUllpaA.el crnv repoollo tOU «upnouordrou :EUA.).6you», poe; I - M. npavtouvae; I - r. Bapouxac; 1 - EIlJ.l.NaunAIWt11c;1 _ O'ullCP(l)vaJ.le to xapaICtllPl0'J.l6 tOU oxenICou cSllll0aleUllatOe; (o.x. r. rapaMe; I - M. KopaKitlle; 1 - 611J.l.Xpua'le; 1 - EJ.lIl.N. 6PUAe. 251 tlle; 15 ArepiA. 1907). 0 qlapJ.laKOnOI6c;N. 6enapoICae; nA.ll- Alle;.ollJ.loIIIMO'KaAoe;I - K. E. EEvaKlle; I - N. TailCvac; I - N. KaPOqloPllae td .1.:E. Ott 9a S(VEL.Yla eva EtOe;,O'tOUe;anopouc; aa9EIlnavfAlle; I - :E. BaA.Plle; 1 - N. I. BapotO'TJc;cpapllaKonOl6c; 0,50 _ veiC;tlle; nOA.lle;tlle; Na~ou ta avaYlCa(a cpQpJ.laICaapKOUJ.l£VOe; J.l6M. X. :EOl~J.lap(ltae; I. vo O'tO noO'o ~11e;1tpaYllattK~e; tOUe;a~(ae;. En:(O'11e; 0 (1I10e;napaTo <.Alya(ov .. tICcSlllloO'loypaqlllCoulCa9tlKOVtOe;O'unaipel tOLe; XWPllae KanOta olalleplO'J.la tOU cpapJ.laIC£UtlKOU tOU lCataO't";J.laa~IOt(IlOIe; unoO'tllPIKta{ tlle; al)eA.cp6tlltOe;taUTllC;Kal eUxetal 6toe; o(l)peav O'tO aUAA.OYO Yla va eKteA.d 0" auto ttl; epyaa(ec; tOU. It(l)e;EVt(l) lleAAOVtllCalaAAa ollo(ae; qlUO'EOle; epya napaKoAou9tlaOlO'IVaut6, tlJ.lWvta ICal J.leyaAOle;Olqll:AOUvtatllV (l)paiav 'lllellv natp(cSa". dlclA.U'"1 t'le; AOeACjl6t'ltae; 'Eyypaqlo t'le; aoeAcpOtlltae; 1tOU0'lIlOaleuetal ato CII.298 tile; 9 AuyouO'tou 1908 tOU Alya(ou apx(~el (l)e;e~~c;: «~IA.61tt(l)XOe;AlIeAcpot'lC;0 'AYloc; navteAe~J.lOlv. To 610llClltlICOV:Eull~ouAIOV tlle; aVOltep(l)acSeAcpOtlltOe;.e~£Aty~av O'tlllCPOV(8 IouA{ou 1908). Itpw tl npop..; ele; tllV olo.Aualv auttle; tllv Slax£{plalv tOUTall(OU tou :E(I)J.latelou K. M. X. :E(I)J.lap(rea,eupev aut~v KavovlK6tata tXouaav Kal reaptA.ape TO en{ Xe£pae; autou euplaKollevov Itoaov elC IIpaXJ.lWVeVV6VtllCOVta·tPIWV lCal Aemwv e~tlICovta (apIOIl. 93,(0) ICalolEvellle lCatan";Awe;'" •Apays npoKeltal yla tll cSlaAuall tlle; AScAcp6tlltac; ..; J.l6vo t'lC; OIKOV0J.lIIC";C; I)laxe(pIO'11C;tOU O'(I)~ate(ou; To relOrel9avo elval on rep6ICeltai Yla tll olo.A.UO'11 tllC; cIllAOnt(l)Xlle;AlleAcp6tlltae; Ylad ae en6J.leva qlUAA.atOU «:A1ya(ou .. OIlVouvaVtouJ.le aA1..ee;1tAllPocpop(ee;yla to a(l)llate(o. To ureOA.OIItOlCeillevo tOU napanav(I) E'Y'Ypacpoue(val to £~1\e;: ..... ElCqlpa~el o£ ele; tOY K. M. X. wllat{lta ta gepJ.la autou (0'111l·: tou aOlJ.late(ou) O'llYXapllt";pla ICal euxaplat{ac; I)la tOY ~";AOV lleO' ou aVEAape Kall)l£xelp(aOll tllv elC;allt6v avate9e{aav urellpea{av. Ev Na~(I) t'l 8 10uA(ou 1908. 0 npoeopoe; 6. naYKaAOe;, Ta J.lEA'l:IaK. NaUreA.lWtlle;,6. Xpualle;, M. X. :E(I)llap{ltac;,EIlJ.l. NaunAIWt'le;, N. cIlpaYIC61t0u).0e;,A. OIICOVOJ.l{0'le;". Ta "tA.'1 T'1C;AOeA.CjlOt'1t~ :Eto cpUA.AO 240 't'lC;23' AeKeJ.l. 1906 tOll «Alya{ou .. uno.Pxelll'l~oa(&Ulla oxettKO J.leta J.lSA.lltllC; AOSAcp6t'ltae;. napouala~el evolaqlepOv Ylad avaypacpovtal npoa(l)na t'le; IColV(I)v{ae; tlle; Na~ou tou 1906, ta ena'Y'Y£AJ.latanoAi..ci>van' autOUe; Kal Yla to 6tt atllv AcSeAcpotllta J.leteXouv Op06cSo~OllCal KaOoAlKo( Ile enlKeqlaA";e; toue; M'ltponoA.l'tee; tOUC;.To 1)11J.l0a(eUJ.laexel (l)e;6~";e;: «Ta J.leA.llt'le; cIllA.onTWx0uAoeAcpot'ltOe; tllC; o1to{ac; t'lv elt' ala{ol~ OI(l)VO{e; auataalv J.lae;av";yyelA.c ola tOU «Alya{oul) 0 au~reoA{t'l~ IC.M. X. wJ.lJ.lap{nae;, Kal ta ovoJ.lata t(l)Vono{(I)v ev t(l) np0'l'YOUJ.lEV(I) CPUAA(I) Cne{ljIel xwpou Sev tS'lJ.lOaltOaaJ.lev: +~(A.l1tnOC;KaJ.laO'O'ell.ApX1eniO'KonOe;Ka90AlKwv IIpaX. 5 - +0 napov~(ae; rp'lYOplOC; 5 - A. Laurent 5 - Couveht des Ursulines 5 - .1. :EuyaA.ae;,HYOUJ.l6VOC; 5 - KUplAA.Oe;:Eapavtw6c;. eqlllll. 2 lwavvll~ Bapotalle;, eCPllJ.l.I - Xp. wJ.lap(nae; lepe~ I - raan:cip Olllap(nac; lepeUc; I - :EtUAlav~ A. nauAlWtOU I - Aettlala :E. BapO: all 0,50 - N. Kp(anllC; BouA.£ut1\e;5 - :E. narea!3aalA.e{ou 5 - H -,

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••NAEION l:YAAOrOl: 0 (J)IAOnATPIl:., (NAEOl: 1907 • 1910) 'lopu'"1 - KataO'tQttKo

o ..cII1A6natpl~" lopu911ICeatll Na~o O'tle; 21 Iavouap(ou tOU 1907. Aut"; e!val 1111~epoll'lvia nou ljI'lqliO'tlllC£Kal unoypacptlllC£ to KataatattlCo areo ta ISpUtlICa lleAll tOU 1:UA).6yOU(To B. 6uitaYlla, tlle; 14.3.1907, J.le to onoio eYICpi911K£to KataatatllCo. cS11lloO'I&uetal ato ~:E.K. ap. 48 t'lC; 19.3.1907 t. A' CVellto Ke(J.lEVO tOu Kat?atattKOu lCal to eyICpltllC6 B.6. unapXEI ae PlpAlapaICI ItOUtUIt(l)9'lKe O'tO tunoypacpe(o tou clCMt'1 tOU "Alya(oul) r J Bup{Vll. atll Na~o to 1907). . . «:E1C07t0e; tOU 1:un6you c{val: a) '1 A~IjIIC;lCallllCata to lIuvat6v e~apIlOY"; navtoe; Il£tpou, onep u1t6axetal tllv npooSov t(l)V'l0lIC(I)V Kal UAIICWV ouJ.lcpepovt(l)vtou tOnou lCal P) 'l reep{OaAIjIIC; t(l)V 6vt(l)e; are6p(l)v lCal evSewv. ecp' 6aov 01 nopOI tOU e1tltp£nouaw t'lV ltapOXtlv POll0llJ.lat(l)v", (apOpo 2). :EtO ap9po 7 IIlapa~OUIl&: «01 ~OPOI tou 1:UAA6youanOtEAOUVtal a} elCtOlVJ.lllvlalOlv lCata13oA.(I)v t(l)VtalCtlKWVICaleKto.lCt(l)vlleAwv P) elCt(l)Velaltpan0J.leV(I)Ve~ elO'lt'lpi(l)v !Cata tae; ev t'l al90uOll tou 1:u).).6you YlvOIl£vae; eviote 1I1aAt~ele;Kal y) EICICA'lPOOOt'lJ.lat(l)vKal lI(1)pewvEle; XP";J.lata tl aUa xp~alJ.la aVtIKe(J.leva... :Ee clA.Aaap9pa (9 - 13) Itpo~Atnetal Otl to 6. 1:uJ.ll3ouAlo9a £ivai evveaJ.l£Ate;. 9a y(vOVtal 4 rev. :EuveAEuaele;ICaOexp6vo lCal on to 6.:E. J.lnop&(va cSIOp(~EIe7tltpOnEe; ata XOlpia ano 3 - 5 J.lEA.'l. To ap9po 22 op{£:el to "ev ItEplmWaEI IIlaAuae(l)C;tOU O'uAA6you, 'l 1teplouO'(a autou reapall(lIetal uno tou 6101IClltiKOU1:u~j30UA{OU,ele; ev t(l)V qlIAav9pCIl7ttKWV ISpUllat(l)v ..; lCa9lSpu~at(l)v 61t1:p tl0£AEV opiael 11 nAEIOVOIjI'lcpiatOU :EuH6you... ' lopunKCi J.lH.'1: :EtO t£AOe;tou KataO'tattKou avaypaq>Ovtai ta E~~e; ovo~lata t(l)V32 IOPUttKWVJ.leAWvtou: M. Mapyapltlle;. A. :E.BapOtO'11e;E N. 6puHlle;, N. M. M£AlaO'oupy6e;, 1:. 6mMp'lC;. Avt. Etvoe;:A' N. OIICOVOJ.l(011e;. r. B. nltapaKlle;, X. r. 0EOcpIAOe;.r.:E. naAalo~


64 H Koivcovia

A6yo~. f. 1:. ~tvo~, n. A. Avroviou, N. M. MQJ,paKlJ~, N. Ma~ pOYlaVVaKT)~.A. N. 1:apavtlJvb~. J. 1:. BapbtoT)~. f. J. Boptvnc, r. N. fa~ana~. r. 1:. Kunpai~, M. f. npavtouva~, A. r. MnoYlat~bYAOu, f. naVn;AQK1']r,;.N. A. OIKOVOlllOlJr,;.EIlIl. I. NaoltAIWtT)r,;.B. A. Peq>Eve~.N. laK. Ba~alor,;. ~lJll. Avr. XpUoT)~. N. f. fKuAT)r,;,M. f. Kopa1C(tT)~.Iax. A. NaunAloot'1~. X. I. l:apavtlvbe;. ~. f. ~paKouAlJr,;. ~"J1o(m:u"ata

Na("axo( Eollol'OI

rwv 1tOAlrci>v

tOU T07tUCOU tUItOU

'lopuOl1-1:Uj.1~OUAlo. 1:tl~ 20 lavouapiou 1907 (oro q>.242) 11Eq>lJlltpioa ..Alyaiov» 0'11l001EUEIrnv El0'1011btl «xpo IWEPOOV» eylVE ilia "OOKllltl" Yla OUYKpbtl1o'1ounbyou anb IlEpucour,;"EVOOUoIWOEI~"vtoue; t'1e; nbAT)r,;tT)~ Na~ou Kal 11avtanbKplol1 t(l)V lCatollC(I)votT)v npoonaOela auttl "tav noAU j.1EyaAT).1:e oUYKEVtp(l)ol1 OtT) ~11j.10tllCtl1:xoA" Appev(I)v "l1llEpaV tlVa" (OEVKaGop(~&tal alCpl~OOe;) anoq>aoiotT)K£ va 10pUO£(l:unoyoe; j.1&tl1v En(l)vUllla (lCata tl1V &q>l1IlEpioo)..Na~i(l)v l:uHoyor,; ... «Tov lCataptl01l6v tOU KataotatllCou. ouv£Xi~£I. aveAa~ov euy£v£{~lCaltveo~ olWOtle; tIC tl1~ ta~t(l)~ t(l)V £llnbP(l)v oUj.1noAi'tal j.1ae;. To uAlyaiov ..... 6n£p an6 tl1e; npwt'1~ 11lltpa~ tT)r,;£IC06oeooe;tou tlX£ IC1']PUXOtl untp tl1e; o(l)tT)piou taUtl1~ ola tOYt6nov loea~". Ila~( j.1£ tT)V elCq>paol1oUnapl1tl1P{(I)v napalClv£( 6Ao~ tOU~ lCato{lCo~ tou V1']oIOUva on£uoouv va ypaq>ouv IltAl1 tOU 1:unbyou. H (ola tq>l1llepioa OlO q>uno 244 tl1e; 27 lavouap{ou 1907 avaICOIVWV£I 6t1 01 £uxte; t1']~ £lCnAT)pWOl1lCav Il£ tl1 0'11l10upy{a ouAA6you u60tlr,; npowplotal va oWoT)tl1V Enapxlav Il~". Kat6nIV 01']1l001f:ur.tal T)alC6AouOT)ouve£oT) tOU OIOIK'1t1ICOU OUIl~ouAlou nou npotlCuljle an6 tlr,; apxalp£olee; t1']r,;«napeAOOOo'1e;"KuplalC"r,; (011J1·21.1.1907;): npbtopoe; 0 ellnopo~ f. fa~).Q~. Avtlnpb£opo~ 0 oUIl~oAalOypaq>Oe;M. npavtouva~. fpallllatt~ 0 MIX. Mapyap!tl1~. Tall(a~ 0 MOlCaAoe; Ej.lj.I.~puH'1e; lCal 1:UJl~ouAol 01: Avop. MnoYlat~6YAou ollCT)ybpoe;.IcllC(I)j30e; NaunAlootl1e;1:xoAaPXl1<;.EIlIl· NaunAloot'1r,; PlolltlXavoC;. 1:(I)lCpcltT)~nana~aolAeiol.)~1£u9uvttlr,; 1:lluploa~ lCal N. MaupoYlavvalCl1~ ICtl1llat{ac;. H £q>1']Il£p{oo£1Cq>pa~£1 tT)v £An(oa btl ta IlEA'1t'1r,;~IOIIC1']01']r,; Ile tOY lCaA6xapalCttlpa lCaltlJ Ilbpq>(I)ol1nou exouv, Oa ouvt£Hoouv Ot1']v £nltuxla t(l)V olConoov tou IuH6you. Enl0'1r,; nA'1Poq>opti 6T1 ta ueylCalvla» tOU IuH6you Oa ylvouv tT)v KuplalC" 4 «P£~pouoplou 1907 OtT)v al60uoa tT)e;~'11l0tllCtlr,;t(l)V e'1At(l)V IxoAtlr,;bnou npblC£ltal va IlIA"oouv 0 np6£opor,; tOU &.I. lCaO~ lCal nonol enIOttlIlOV£~ tl1e; nbAT)r,;tT)~ Ncl~OU.

Jrpo<lvayyd.lo 8l!otp. Jrop<iatGml~

.To ..Alyaiov .. (otO q>.247122 «P£~p. 1907) nA'1Poq>op£lbtl «).Itoa £1<;t1']v anOICP'1atIK'1 paOu).llav ).lac;.un6tlv(I)v q>IAO).lOUO(l)V epaOltCXvwv £ICt(l)\l vt(l)V llaC;" Oa 009£1 to ~paou t1']C;24'1e; «Pe~pouapiou 1907 O£atpllctlnapaotao1'] (untp tOUTa).IEiou tou IUAAOYou).Ia<;lCal t(l)Voelvo7taOouooov ).Iovaxoovt'1~ Mov"C; tOU Xp~ 000t6).l0u lCal ~1']tcl&10 OUVtcllCtl1C;tou lCel).lEVOUnclV0'1).111 U7tOOt"PI~1']OlO ..O£clpeOtOv tOOtO tpyov tT)~ &uY&VOUc; v£oAa(ae; ).Iac;... fla nOl6 Iunoyo np6IC&ltal; fla to «PIAb7tatpl1 " Yla tTl «PIA07tt(l)Xl1AO£Aq>6tT)ta;nlOavw<; np6K£ltal Yla to «PIA67tatpT) Ylat( o· aut6v ).Ittexouv veol "&veouou:bO&IC;"bn(l)~ O£ ano 0'1).Ielo (oec; napanovw q>.242) avaq>tpEI 11.&q>'1).1&p(oa.

..To Eontpae; tT)r,;napEA9ooo'1~ nellntlJr,;». ).lac;nA1']poq>op£l1'] np60oo<; OtO q>.20 t11~ 8.6.1908. 06a,,1C&OEatplKt\ napoota0'1 Otl1 <e0l1).10tllC"t(l)V a"At(l)VIxoA""Il£ np(l)topouA[a tOU«PIA6narpn «xrn tl1 &OYEV£{ oU).l7tpa~£1(j>lA0j.10UO(l)V vt(l)V t'1e; n6A£we;11Iloov", H napclOlaol1. lCatei tl1 0X£tllCt\ 1t£plypaq>". anot£A£ito ano tpia J.I£A'1.Ito 7tPOOtO JJilpo~«anl1yytAOT)0 £ICtl1~ 7tapaJ.lovtl~ tT)r,;EHlJvllC"~ E7tavaotao£(I)~ tOU A. PaYKapt\ ouYICIVlJtllC(i)tator,; 1l0vbAOYo~roo Itaupou KA"J.la. M£ta roo J.l0voA6you £OloaXa" to 7t£PI7t£t£loooe~lCal 7tA"P£~ UIjI'1AOOV £WOlOOV opOlla roo n. 1:oUtOOU«0 OOOl1t6po~". MEt' autb Se lJ aot£lotatT) 1C(I)Il(l)oia ..ta ~eioava tOU BaOlAaKl1". Tov IlbvbAOYov an"YY£IA£v 0 IC.E~ OteiOIO~Mapyapitl1C;. to O£opaJ.la lCal tlJV IC(I)J.I(I)o{av £o{oo~av 01 IC.IC.PblCO<;I. BapotoT)C;. A£(I)v(oa~ ~ap1,b1touAo~. NIICOA.OIICOvOJ.lIOTl~.E1tall· 1:lCoPOUAT)r,; Kal EuotaOlo~ Mapyaplt'1~. Tl1V 6Al1V7tapeiOtaOlV £Ol£IjI£ 7tAT)P£Oteit'1£7tltux{a. 10{~ O£ T)£Kt'lr,; oloaolCaAla~ tOU 000l7t6pou npo~£v'10Eioa £vtun(J)O'l~ (...) IuyXalp0J.l£v ano lCapolac;tOIl\ q>IAOlloooou~toutour,; veouc;. ypeiCP£10 OUVteilCt'1~tOU ICEIJ.ltVOU. OltlVE~(...) lCat6pO(l)oav v· a7toO£I~(I)olv eautoUc; Eq>alliAAou~lCal autOOVt(l)V £~ EnayytAllat~ 1']90 no 100V", Kal OT)J.lElOOvEtal OtO 0l1J.1oo{£uJ.la:«OU06A~ aj.lq>peiH0J.l£v.6tl lCal IuHoyo~ EVt(l) J.letp(l)t(l)VuAIlCoovautou oUVall&(I)vOa IlEplJ.lV"OEIiva lCataptloOt\ OIC1']V"(0T)1i.: OEatpIKbc; oIlIAo~;) boov olov tt tEAElottpa ...... (IT)IlEI(I)O'1:npoavaYY&Alo o&lpa~ O£atpIICOW1tapaOtclO£(I)Vyl_ vEtal otO Alyalov tT)r,;25 NOEIl~P(oU 1909 (OtO q>.348). IUYIC£ICPIIleva TI£q>T)Ii£pioatl1~ 11lltpa~ EIC£lvTlr,; liar,;7tATlPoq>op£1 btl anb to £nb).IEvo ~pciou (CopaliatOKWliEIOUnlaIC6r,; .. O(aoor,; uno tTl 01£0Ouvo'1 tOU Avopta Bci0l1 Oa 0000£1lila oelpci a7tb Aly£r,;7tapaOlaO£I~ OtTlV A(Oouoa tou «P1),,6natpl1 nou ~pIOlCEtal 1C0vta OtO (CIxoAelov t(l)V e11At(l)V". Ito 011liool£Ulia £1Cq>pa~etal'1 cAn(oo btl T) ICOlv(I)vlatOU V1']OIOO.«naoxouoa tAAelljllV ljIuxaY(l)YllCoov O£aJ.lat(l)v", Oa napalCoAouO"oEI tl~ napaOlaQEI~ autt~. ~£V OIE~ Kplv{~Etal bll~ av 0 O(aooc; Epx6tav Ot1']Nci~o liE OIK" tOU npwto~ouAla " av ll&taKA,,01']K£anb 7tapciyoVt£r,;tOU V'1010U). EoPtClO'fI~ £OV1K1\~e7t£te(ou Itlr,; 25 Mapt(ou tou 1907. Ot'lv £nEt£IO t1']r,;EOVIK"e;flopttlr,;. nou YloptaOt11KE tbt£ Ot'1 Na~o uunEpnOt£ clAAotSoo~pa Kal £_ nl~A11tlK(I)tat1']", 7tt\p£ JJilpoe; Kal 0 «PIA67tatPTlr,;.Avacpepel to oX£tlKb O'lllool£ulla: «).lEta tauta npooepxovtal (01']1l.: OtO M'ltponoAttlK6 Nab) al apxai t11C; n6A£(I)~EVEnl0tlli(l) 1ttPI~oA", 0 Iunoy~ Na~((I)v ..0 «P1),,6natple;.. £v Ooollatl Kal nA1\Ooc;an£lpov ..... (cp. 250/31.3.1907). Mttcl to tEAoe; tl1~ t£A£t1\c; «to nOAu n).t\Oo~ Ii£ta t(l)Vapxoov tl1t; n6A£~. 0 Iunoyor,; Na~i(l)v J1eta tOU ~IOIlC'1tlKOU'tou IUlij30uA(oU ll£teP'l £IC;tOY oiKov tOU K. ~'1llclP1,ou K. nOA{tOU. bon~ j.1£ta tT)<;a~lot(J.lou Kupia~ tOU Kal t(l)VosonolvlO(i)v Ouyatep(l)v TOUq>IAoq>povtotata £oeXEtOta ouyxap'lt"pla t'1e; £nlo"llou Kal lleyaA'lC; £Opt"C;". H y'OPt~ tOU .,)..67tCltp'I

o «PIA6natp'l~ teA<ilvt~ t1']Vtn£t610 t1']~yIOPt"~ tou to 1908 tT)V{OICllitpa ~E t1']Ylopttl t'lC; Z(l)006xou n l1Yt\~(01']1i.Otic; 18 A7tPI).{OU)nt\yt «£v oWJ.latl" Olo M'ltpOnOAltlK6 Na6. M£ta ano tTl ..ouvt\a" .. Altav£(a ..6Au" ta lit).TI tOU IUAA6you yuploav <oev oWllan .., Ot'1V A(90uoa tou IuU6you, 61tou 0 AVtlnp6~p0~\-I npavtouv~ £~"Y'lO£ Ilt ~(ya ),,6Ylato oKon6 tOU IuA).6yo~~',(U1t6

65

7tavt(l)v Kata1,£lpOKpOt1']O&l~.To £onEpa~ ouvtlAOov sv t11 al90ortov A011VWV xm tT)~ POOJ.llJ~". (H E7ttOtO>" ti q>tP£tto no lCal11J.1Epoo'l tOU tun6you 7tavta ta JJilAT),onbO£v '1youllev(I)v liOOOllCOOV liTlv(a aUvta~1']~ ta E~"~: "Katavla 10123 Iuvouaptoo 1908..). opyav(I)v. £~"AOov £Ir,;ta~ 000Ur,;ot'opYOvoooavta Aallnpav Aali1tafpaq>ovta~ np(l)tOpouAia 0 I'cpdou evvoel t1']V£1tlOUliia lCal n~ o'lq>opiav» (nA'lpocpop(£~ a1tb to q>.288 tT)r,;19.4.1928 roo AIOX£tlKtr,; £vtpYEt£r,;Yla rnv 10puo1'] Ita>"IIC"~Y£(I)pytKtlr,;0xoAtl<; ya{ou). 0tll Nci~o " O"t1']Vnapo. (I11Ii·: 0 haA6~ Kapli"Ao<; Fxpdou «EltIq>av"<;VOli0J.la0ti<;.1OtOPIIC~ lCal O'1liooloMyo~ t'l~ haAlar,; lCal q>IAen11V"67t(l)<;tOY xapalCt1']pi~ouv 1']EcpT)lJ£pioaAryclov (e. 285. 294) lCal 0 ~tlliO~ I& aAAO01']lieio tOU q>.250 tOU Alya{ou yla lila «ouvEopiaoT)" T£yta~ OtO 1jI"q>I0J.latOU (q>.293 Alyaiou). xou "tav an6 T11VKa(npocpavoo~ fevIIC" IuveAeuo'1) rtov Ii£AOOV tOU «PIAbnatp'1 «tT)V taVlJ rT)~IIIC£A(a~. OtOV npooTo anb tOIl\ tEOOCPI~tblioU~ tl1~ 1_ napEAOoooav KuplaKtiv» (IlQHov 25 Maprlou 1907). I' autt\v ~ croptcc tOU Yla tl1 1:IK£Aia. IlIAatl £lCtttalltva Yla tT)VElCd "Ii£nojiA,,01']K.Eyla IjI"CPIOlJ0 npol}no",oYlollb~ rou Iu).l..6you Yla to yaAbnoATI" Na~o. anollCia rou 0Ii(l)vUliOUV1']OIOUTOUAlyaiou 1907 Kal np6tao1'] va otaAd EKJJilpo~ tOU IuH6you EUXaPIOtti(o£~ q>.285 Alya{ou). 0 Fxpdou £linv£uolitvo~ anb tI~ 10t£~ tl1~ PIO "t(l) olanp£n£{ tT)e;E7tapxia~ avtlnpoooon(l) K. np(l)tonanaOcinaylCbolila~ EnIOt1']liovllCtl~Etalpela~ (xou 10PUS11IC£ OtO nap i1C'l,01' boa ev tTl BOUAt\udp tOU 'EOvo~ lCal tl1~ IOlalttpa~ T)- at to 1876 anb to Atovta vt£ Poovu) Kal J,.lEnpotpontl tou K. N. liooVEnapx(a~ an£pya~£tal, atlva OJ.1ocpOOV(I)C; EYEVOvtOOEKta. Ev MavlcllCl1 anoq>cioloE va 10PUOEIItaAllCti YE(I)PYllCtl0XOAtl OtT) Nci~o tl Otl1Vnapo. ·Eot£l).e lia).l.ota OtT)VEeVIIC"Tpa7t£~a TT)<; tt).£1 npotji'l £1C;t'lv sKAoy"v £v~ lleAOU~tOUOIOIKl1tllCOU autou Enaoor,; 10.000 ItaAIICt~ A{pC~(1)<; 7tPOOtT) npoo(l)nllCtl TOUEloq>opa tUliPoUA{ou Ola tT)VOeolv tOUIUIi~OOAou", E~eAty1']0 N. MaupoKal. oUIlq>(I)vaIi£ TO 0Tllloo{EUlla tOU Alyuiou t'1~ 15.3.1908 (q>. YlavvciK1']r,;"ola ~£yaA'le; 7tA£tO\jI1']cplar,;» .. «To napeA06v Iappatov .. (IlciAAov 8 ~&K£Ii~plou 1907) eKave 285). 01']liIOUPY1']0£ tli1\llata t1']r,;napanav(I) Etalp£ia~ O£ bA'l tl1 r£vllCti IuveAeuol1 0 «P1Ao'7tatpT)~Kal une~aAe npo~ Ijltiq>I01']tOY IIIC£Ala yla t1'] oUYlCtVtP(l)ol1XPT)j.lUt(l)VYla tTl OT)J,.lloupylatT)~ npol}7tOAOYIOllbtOU hour,; 1908. Auta liac; nAT)pocpoPEito AI°xoAtlr,;· ya{ov OtO cp.277 t'1~ 15.12.1907 lCal npooOhEI 6tl Ot'1 ouvtXEla o ~t\liO~ tT)~ TEyta~ avalCtlPu~£ £nItIJ.lo~ 011libtc~ tOU tOY eYlv£ £KAoy" 060 liEAOOV tOU ~. IUliPOUA(ou. E~£AtyT)oav 01 1(1). fKpaou Kal tou~ AOInou~ 1:llCtAOU~(Alyaiou q>. 293 tl1~ ToaAIIC1']~lCal f. Bup(VT)~Ot11 Oeol1 t(l)V napalt1']Otvt(l)V Elilla28.6.1908). I£ anavTl1o" tou OtO 1jIt\q>loliaautb. (oto q>.294 t'l~ vout\A Naun).IWtT) Kal Avopea M7toYlat~byAou. 5.7.1908) 0 fKpaOU IlEta~U aAA(I)vypacp£1 btl 01 £XGpoi t'l~ EAM~oo npooICA"oelC; yla Y&VIKt~ouv£Aeuoelr,; tOU ttouc; 1908 tOU OO~elvat Kal £OWt£pIKol. bTl Il£pld~ nOA£Ir,;t(l)VVlJOlOOV tou AI«PIA6natpT) Ot'lV AIOo\)oa tOU, 0l1liOol£uovta Otl1v (cin'l) Eq>11Ii£- yalolJ "uKa{p(l)~>tq>1).OV1ICOUV Yla tl1V loplJol1 t11~ ttaAllCti<;oxop{oa ..np6000~" N~ou. 'Etol OtO q>.12 t'1~ 4 Mapt(ou 1908 olaAtl~. btl I1lJla nbA'l Ej.1noo{~£tal anb tl1V anl1 va tXtl tTl 0xoA" pa~OUliE: ..npboICA1']ol~. npo~ ta A~lonlla lleAl1 tOU Iu).l..byou lCal bTl lillPIKOIoivouv t11 OUliPOUA"va lil1v ovoliaOt£1 T)oxoA" t(l)VNa~I(I)v «0 «PIAbnatplr,;... KUpIOI! KaA£{oO££Ie;ouv£AEuolv £v ItaAIK". aHa EH1']vIlCtl.IE oxb>"lb tou to uAlyalov» napatT)pe( Otl t1']v £1tloroAtiv npEnel va olapaoouv 01 KuPCPVtltE~ "oitlv£~ tlJ AIOOUOl1tOU IuUbyou tl1V 16 tpexovtOe; liTlvbr,;l1JJilpav Ku£ntta~av Kata npbo(l)nov tTlv O(l)PCQVTOUCj)IAtnlJVO~IC.fpaoplaK"v lCal oopav 4 1i.1i.npo~ ~tAEY~1Vt11~xp'1liatllC"~ olaxslplou,,). O£(I)~tOU EtOU~1907 £v Na~(I) tl1 2 Maptlou 1908. 0 npbEOpo~ f. N. fa~Ha~». Kal otO cp. 34 t1']~ 20.12.1908 ola~a~ouliE: "IuAAYo~Na~{(I)v "0 «PIA67tatpI~». KaAouvtal ta lieA'l tOU IUAA6you £I~ ouv£A£uoLV £v t'l alGouo11 autou tT)V25 ~£lCeIiPp(ou 'lllepaV AnO'flEII TOY ..AIf AIOY >t.1:tO q>.280 Otlr,; 20 lavouaplou ntli7tt'lv Kal wpav 2 1l.1l. I) 7tpor,;&KAoy"vtOu ~IOIK1']tlKOOIUIl1908 to ..Alyalov» 1)(V£11tA'lPoq>opl£C;ylo tl1 opao'l untp t(l)V n£~uA(ou Kal 2) npoc; £~tAEY~LVtOU anoAoYlollOU tOU A"yovtor,; tPIOXWVtOue; t(l)V IuHbY(l)v "Aylou nttpou" tOll ~t\liOU napv(I)tOIl\. Ev Na~(I) t1'] 12 ~£K£llppiou 1908. EK tOU fpaq>£lou tOUIUAva. Il£ eopa tOY n£lpala. Kal tOU «PIAonpoboou 1:un6you 'AvA6you... opou (0 t&A£utaloc; OltO£O£lieyaAT)noobt1']ta ~tOp£ootvOp(l)v).fIVEtal A6yo<;£7tioTl~Yla XP'lllatlK" npooq>opa tOU A£(I)v.N. Kov001..11OTOVnpoavaq>£pOtvta ounoyo t'le; 'Avopou. AKoAouOd "AnavtT)olC; tOU olanpEnoo~ vOllollaOoUr,;Kal q>IAtn1']VO~K~ oX6Alo t'1r,;tq>l1ll£pio~ OtO onoio avaq>epOVtalKal ta ~,,~: «T'lv piou KaPJ.l"Aou fKpaou tni tOU 1j11']q>lollator,; tOU Iunbyou NaO"Il£pov 6n(l)r,; Kal £v Eupoon1'].Kal £v n£AOnOvvtl0(l) 10pu01']Kav ~{(l)V«0 «PIA6natpl~» OTlllooltuEtal OtO Atyalov OtO q>.281 tT)~26 7tavtb~ dooll\ tOIOUtOIIunoyol, unooT11p(~OVtE~tOUtO tl EICe{VO Iavouap{ou 1908. Ito K£(Il£VOt1']~OXEtlKti~£nloto).tl~ 0 fKpOOU to PIO"11XaVllCbv"Y£(I)pYllCbvnpo16v. EVNa~(I) bj.l(l)<;tvOa nona (it fpaou) £uxaplott( to «PIA6natp'1 Yla t'1V avaK"pu~1\ tOU (I)~£- £lolJ YE(I)pyla~. Kt11VOtpoq>(a~.pIOIi'lxavla~ 11ouvaliEOa va KaAnlti).lou 7tpoeopou tOU ouA).6you autou. napalCaA£1 tOY npbEopo AI£PY"O(l)Ii£VouOt'1liatIKOOt£pOVKat C7tlOt11liOVIKOOt£pOV O£VOa Va ola~IPao£1 Ota IlEATItOU "natpl(l)tlKOU Kal cplAavep(l)7tIKOU Yto (O(l)Il£VnOtt. Olbtl 0 Enl toUt(l) 10puO£I~anb evb<;hou<; IUAAoIJwv ouAA6you .. alo0tillata £\)yv(I)lloouVTlr,;·Kal ouvexl~£1 (l)r,;£yor,;«0 «PIA61tatplr,;"OUO£Il{~TlOIKt\~t\ UAIK"e;OUVOpOJ.l"~EK Ilt~tlC;:..EA7t~(I)ouv t'l ouvoPOIl" euvorlCwv7teplotao£(I)v Kal tTlVTI- pour,; t(l)V nAouol(l)V lia~ EtUXe Kal np(l)t(Ot(l)e;EK Iltpour,; tou ~t\91Kt\ ap(l)Y" t1']e;EAA'lVIK1\~Ku~£pv"Ot(l)r,;ola t'lV np(l)to~ouAiav. Ilou Na~ou. bOtl~ EX£\npo<; tOUtO liEY(Ot1']VT)OllCtlV unoxpt(l)OIV". 1']Vtaxov. va OUVlJeoova cpavoo7teplooot£pOv avta~lo~ tTl~ ayan1']~ Katb1tlV ylv&tal T)£lCtili'10T)Otl oro ~tlliO Na~ou unapXouv 7tapanav(I) anb 300 aTolia nou linopouv. X(l)P{~lCalila Ot£voX(I)pia. va tou M&YaAOUEHT)VIKOU 'E9vo~, £I~ tponov OOOtC1']V(I)lltv11 '1 JfpaYliatlKti ltaAla liE tT)V7tpaYliatllC"v EAAaoo. 67t~ £(V£l1VW- npoocptpouv tOUAaXIOtOoEKaOpaXJ.Il1£t"ola OUVOPOlitlOTOaU>..lJeval '1 e7t(01']liO~Ita).ia ~E tTlV &mol1ll0V EHaoo. Katop9cuOt\ AoyO Kal EtOI Oa Eli1ta\vav 01 paOEI~ Yla olaq>opa KOLV(I)Cj)£A" EP_ Iva 'l cpI).(a t(l)V 000 aOeAq>rovEOvoovOlatl1P'la" ola Ileoou t(l)V ya. Ito «£Pllaplo" tOU tpanE~lOu tOU ouAA6you ~pioKovtal ICA&IQI"~1.i V(I)V.61t(l)~TIO6~a tOU Olltipou Kal tOU ~avtou, bn~ to bvolla 0liEVOI tttOIOI olConol. £vw olaq>opcr,; "t7tlXEIPtlOEI~" KOlV(I)q>£7

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"AlaTi va Ilae;an09apOtoAoypaqlOe;avaq>tptl 6tl avtyvwoe 6tl "aq>iKttOaUT60t 0 FlopTOUTOU!6ntp antllx6IJtOa». pUV'l TOaTUX'lJ.laT11e;OlaAuo£We;rou lopu9tvtoe; aUOt& tvtaOOa q>UpIOe; Maoe~IT~r\e;, apXlllavOpit'le;, Kal 6tl auvtu~tV Ulttp TOU Na~laICOUI:uAA6you «0 cI>1)..6natple;"60tle; Sev 'lMvato va MlKevtplKou MaKeoovlKoU 1:uU6you Op. 742. Ev tEAtl 0&,ouvtX(H QItOIjl'l tOU n. Eupllta(ou TOOpytl0'l Kal va tuOOK1J.l~0'lun6 tove; 6pove; TOUKataatanKOO ~tl, avaypaq>ttc 6n np6Kti tal va oUOT'l9Tj 1l6vl1l0e;eltl tPOltr\ Kal xcvovrcuoe curou;». Km oUVt1.i~EIto Snuoeteouc: « Eivrn npoe; £{oltpa~lV ouvOpollc.ilv». KaT6ltiv ypaq>el 6n "KeVtpIK6e; te apSpo TOUIJt ThAO ..0 BaOlAtUe;- m ouvTtxvial» nou 0'l1J0apa yE OUOKOAOC; Kal aKaT6pOwtoe; 11avaaUotaOle; TOIOUTOO I:uAMaKeoovlK6C;I:oHoyCX; OtVuq>iOtatal, 0 aneotaAlltvoc; tOOavuoltu£Tal oTO «Al'yalov» ow; 2 MapTiou 1909, oTOq>.320,0 n. Eu)..6you, un6 aHoue; 6pooe; Uql' oue; Atltoopyoualv OOTOIorill&pov napKtOU tOOtOOouU6-you 0 tllV 111leTtpavvrioov enloKeq>Oeie;eipl1ta(oe; (T6T£ «onouoaoT~C; TOU61Kalou»), nA'lPoqlopei 6n 01 e1tlTUXc.ile; EIC;aUa IltPll;» Val ele;ayopTlle;, o"Oev apX1J.laVOpit'le;,6pyavov tOO0. fep6Ylavnp6tOpOI TWVoUVt£XV1WV t'le; ASTjvae;n~yav (Cnpo'l1J£pwv» oTO cI>a(veTalAol1t6v 6T1Otle; apxte; TOO1911 OevunrjPXEnla 0 aUAv'l tou npoeopou, taJ.liou Kal ypalJlJaTtw~ tOUavw oon6you. E( VI: paOlAui (orw.: fewPYlo A') Kal 0IalJapTUPtl8'lK~V Yla T'lVaoX'lAoyoe; "cI>IA6naTple;". KalCo~Sl1e;OUvtpoq>(a t~altatc.iloa tOY K6ollOV Kal ~c.iloaon6 to 1J'l OIKOVOlJlKriKaTaoTao'l TOUKpatOUe;.t' aoTOUc;~t t'lAEypanp60X'lI.la tOO ltatplwtl0IJOo. Ma~llJt t'lV emotOAr\ 0 ypalilJaTtqltl~ata oUlJnapaota0'lKaV napa noHol np6copoi OUVtEXV1WV ~ tOu oun6you attAvtl lCal oxetlIC6 KellJevo oriAW0'le;. an6 6A'l t'lv EAMoa. 0 apOpoypaqlOe; olamoTWVtl 6T1oT'l N~b nAPAPTHMA TOY «KENTPIKOY 1:t'l or\Awo~ tOO 0 «ev A9r\vale;" nalillaKeoovlK6e; I:oAAoyoe; ocv aKOUot'lK£ OUtCqlwvtlolalJaptup(ae; Kal pWtael Ylat( 0 cI>lMMAKEAONIKOY I;YAAOrOY.) (ltOOanwOuvel «ltpOe;tOOe;anavtaxoo MaKeMvae;, natptc.iltae; lCal natP'le; oev tKa~e ouv£op(ao'l yla va anooTeiAtl t'lAeypaql'llJa Tj olJoyevde; I) Ileta~u anwv 011J.1tlWvel·Otl aot6e; altote)"tOtllKe (TPAr AlA 1908) un6llv'lJ.la yla T'lV "a~loOpTjV'ltOVKataotaolV tWVAawv t'le; Ntlan6 to MaKeoovIK6 I:UA).,0YO <cOMtyae; AAt~avopoe;" Kal to I:ovoou lJac;». Kal ouvexl~tl yla to cI>1)..6natp'l: "tlll6vov A6yov uoeallo MaKe06vwv cI>OltTftc.ilV. H olwOuvouoa tllV tVWOTfTWVMa1t(ip~£wC;£1.£1ola va ouvtpX'ltal tV IltTalJ£oOVUKtiOle;wpalC; Kal o cOv1K6C;aywvac; OTTfMaKEoovia ppriKe oOllnapaOtaoll Kal KeoovlKwVI:un6Y(l)v EnlTpon~ tixe npooKa).8oel Kal tOY tp{to va y(veTal 6pyavov nOAltlKWVnaSwv; Ae;OlaAuStl T6te! Ae;IJ'lVuOtTf Na~o. Elval oXt06v ptpalo, llaA10ta, 6tl atllV Tpayalao'ltUAAOYO(tTfe;AO~vae;), aAM 00. ftp6Ylaw'le;, np6eopoe; Kal tanaP1.tl nA£ov oUTeKaTa qlavtaolav 016T1.9VTWe; tV tTl ouveloTjoel IJloupy,,9'lKt Kanolo napclptTflla tou "KtvtPIKOU MaKeoovlKoU TOUNa~laKou I\aou eivt an6 T'lC;oUotaoEWe; TOUolaAEAUlJtvOC;». I:u)")"6yoo". J.I(ae;,PP~Kt Itpoq>aoele;Kal a1tOxc.ilPTfoe an6 tTfaxenlCri OUOKeljl'l. navtw<; oev ItpooXc.ilPTfOt(atOV naIJJ.laKtOOVlK6 I:onoyo;) av KaTa TOVEuplnaio, 01 ouUoyol txouv 1l0Va01K6oKon6 va aypuMt cnlotoAri tOO(ap. tyyp. 669) an6 t'lV AO~va Otle; 18 Matou lCal KAr\OTfKe0 oUHoyo~ aot6c;. 0 naIlJ.laKtOOV1K6C; 1:uHoyoc; nvouv Yla Ta oUllqltpovTa tOU Aaou. To apSpo tE:UIWVtl wC;t~riC;: 1908 1t0Uoltoypaq>el 0 np6eop6e; tOU0toX. fep6YlaWTfe; 0 1:unoOTfAc.ilVtl, OtTfouvtxtla, 6n 1l6vo tvae; MaKeoovlK6c; 1:unoyo<; u«61a TOUtOPPOVtOqlWVOUIlCV an6 TWVot'lAc.ilVtQU "Alya(ou» t'lV yoe; avaq>tptl 6tl It"pt "TflV an6 12'le; IJtOOUvtOe;0llet£pav napX£1 evc.il..0 KtVtP1K6c; MaKtOoVllc6e;I:onoyCX; eHe(ljItl lJeavaYK'lV oUVtVWocwe;TWVEnayycAllaTlKc.ilv Ilae; ta~£wv anotc(nolOu;) £ltIOtOA~V» Ile tTfVolto(a It}.TfPoq>OPriO'lKt0 1:oHoyCX; AWV9£wp£ltal ~'l uq>loTa~VOe;,y) 0 1010Ktrlt'le; tOUttwe; KtvtPlAOUo'lC;to A t'le; EIPTfVIK~C; EnavaoTaotWe; tOUN~laKou I\aou», 6TI tYlvav tpavol Yla TOJ.laKtOovlK6ayc.ilva an6 IJla eltitpon~ UICOOMaKeO. I:on6you, Kat6ltlV tTfC;01.100UJ.l00 ytvolltVTJC;anooottle; 23 Malou 1910 (a to ql. 363;) to Alya(ov avaypaqlEI t'lV ottpa an6 til OltACUO'lalt6 tTl N~o Kal ItpaYllatOnO(11011Olll1C1lJaola~autou ult6 t'l~ ytV1Kr\e;ouveA£ooew<; tWV MaKt06vwv nA'lPOqlopia 6TI 0 I.Na~laK6e; tuUoyOC;» t'le; AO~vae; anoq>cioloe A(a~ tOO eKe( TOUnOpq>UpIOUMao&lJlT~Tj.I:tTf ouvtxelall eltlOto9£wpt(tal, W<;t~ eltayytAllatOe; IjltuOOltatplc.ilt'le;,/)altavwv ta £~ va npaYllatOnOltloCI t'lv npwt'l tOU ot'l Na~o EKOPOlltlOTIC;5 Ari (ltOUO'lIiOOltUt'lKE OTI~8 louv(ou (q>. 20) Ot'lV ..np6000" avaEPclVWVXP"llata npoe; 10IOt£Atle; OKOltOOe;.Ev AOrival~ tTf 20 louvlou 1910 Kal KaAOUvtal an6 t'lv tql'lIlEp(oa «0 opaotriP1CX; q>epel 6tl 0 1:uUoyo~ ItrlPE J.lt TaXOOp0J.lIKritltlTaYri to elonpaMatou 1908.0 np6topoe; K. 60UJ.llt1Wtlle;(ouvtaYllatap.). 0 ftv. 0~llapX6e; lJ.ac;(o'lll·: 0 EIlIJ·NaunAlc.ilt'le;),to 0'llJotlK6v lJac;oUIlxOev 1t006 tWV epavwv Kal eKq>pa~tl aUt6~ tie; altelpEe; fpallll. Avop. f. Appavitlle; (latp6e;). Ta IltAll tOU6L01Kllt. I:ollPOUAIOV,0 cvtauOa ql1Aonp6000c;oUAAoy6C;Ilae;, 61..01wC;nOAital tOxaplOt!l:e; tOU ItpO~tOO lCato(lCoo~tOU6"J.l00 Tpaya(ae;. Kat6BooA.(oo... (napat(06Vtal ov61lata lCal tnayytAJ.lata tOoe;)... Kal wC;atOllal> va q>povt(oouv va yivel KaHwm01l6e; tTfC;n6A'le; nlV £Kq>pa~Ctal 111t6no(9110Tf6tl aOto( noo anOttAOuV tTfV <cen( AAAa OtO q>.27 tllC; 16 AOYOOOTOU 1908 tTf~"np0600u .. KataKal va EtOlllaoouv q>IA6~CVllunoooxri otOUc;EKOPOlld~.ttO 011- tWV epavwv e1tltponllv, qHAOnatploe~ avOpee; K. K. Ellllavoo"A XWp(COvtal, Ile aUVtOIlO 6\OaywY1K6 o'lJ.ltlwlla t?O KtVtPIKOO 1l00(Wlla ocv KaOop{~etal n016c; E(val 0 napanavw "q>IAonp60BaolAaKllC; 0lKlly6poC;, (roav. N. rapaA)..ac; latp6e;, HA{aC;fpaMa1e60. tUAA6yoo, 61t10tOAte;ItpOe;to Ylatp6 0eoxapll fep6YlavOoe;» oUAAoyoe;, ElCe(vo tOY lCalp6 oev unripx£, llaHov, aHoe; to(a~ tllnopoe;, f. BaoIAtiKTfe;,EIlIl. BallPaK6nouAoe; Kal M, Ba)..vTfa7(6 tOO~naoAo KapoA(OTf(AO"va 25 Ioov(ol) 1908), 1:taopou ouHoyoC; oT'lV n6AII T'le;Na~ou elCt6e; an6 to cI>IA6natpll. XPllALVopac;"Oa epyaatouv Kal OtO Ilsnov Ile ~r\AOaVaAOYO<cnpoe; I. Bootopa tTJc;12 (ouAioo 1908 (A0riva) Kal K. MeAa, Otic;ono(ee; oIIJOnolc.ilvtae;to xapalCt'lPloTlK6 "qllAOnp6000e;» 0 auvtalCt'le; tae; KPlolllWtatae; tOUMaKeOOVtKouEAA'lV101i0U1t£plotaoeu; voton0getoovtal £uvo~Kcluntp tOOnpotopou Kal t'le; opaotllPI6t'ltOU apOpou (owe; CICq>pa~ttalIlc cvOouoiaoll6 ri J.I&cuytvEla. Ilillonoloovtee; (;), tl ouvat6v, EVeloEl napapt"llaTo'~ tOO 11lltttttlC; 23 6clC£J.lPp{ou1910, OtO q>.381 tou Alya[ou, u1t(iPX£1apta~ tOO Kev. MaK. !:oH6you. pou 1:oU6you ... Opo 11£unoypaq>ri: M. tuoX£tllC6 11£to cI>IA6natpll. 0 apOpoypaAlltowC; Il£ta Tf 8q>11Ilep{oanapa9ETti to e~"e; tllAeypaq>l1lla: qlOe;,aqlou !CcivelTll olaniatwo'l 6tl 0 ouHoyoC; o£v towoE an6 ..ApIO. IO.555 TIlA. 8aOlMICllv 61Klly6pov Tpaya(av. 1:ona(pw Mo xp6vla lCavtva O'llltio ~wrie;, pwta&1 av OlaAUO'lICEri 6XI Kal u~(v Kal 01' ullc.ilvq>IA6natpl KOlVc.il Tpayaiae; en{ a~lo~r\AWIlepiI;YAAOrOl: TON EN av OlaAU8'lKCnOla ritav 'l tUXll t'lC; neplOuoiae; tou. Kata to OTf- IlV'l oootaoewe; TllrillaToe; 'llltTtpOU 1:u)..)..6you.ftp6Ylawlle; ... H ATTIKH NASION (1908 - ;) 1J00(culJa Otllv TCAtllTa(a ouvcoplao'l (r. t.) tOU ~)..,6natPTf &1- q>paOtlK~ OlatUnWOTfwe;Iltpillva aUotaGfle; K.AIt.OtV~ae; tltlTptItw8'lICC6TI 0 ou)..)..oyoc;c(Xt ncplooo(a Kal XP'lllaTIKri aUa Kal ItEI va O&XTOU~t ~t ptpalOt'lta 6tl 10puSflKt Itapaptll~a (r\ TIl"KIV'lT~ OC lCa9(0IlaTa, ta ono(a lCaTa 1tA'lpoq>oplee;..avaA6yw<; Ila) tOO I:oU6you autou OtTfvTpayaia. navtW<; '1 e~Tte;OTflleiw011 1:tte; 16 NotjJPp(ou tOU 1908 10POO'lK£0 1:uUoyo<; tWVtV Anltwv oUJ.lnaOclwv 1C00J.lOUOItae; alOoooae; twv 0laql6pwv lCaq>&- tTf~..np06000" nou aKo}.ooO£(Iltta an6 to KtllitVO tOOTTfAeypaKr\ Na~(wv. Tllv 111ltpollllvia aOTr\ oovtaXtllK& to Kataotatllc6 v£lwv ... q>r\llatOC;eVlo1.utl t'lV un69toll (av Kal aq>rivel Kal KanOltc; allq>lTOOIl£ 18 ap9pa noU eYKpiOlllC& Ilt 8aolAIK6 61cltaYlla atle; 18 !aH Cq>l1llEpioo..np60ooe;" Na~ou Otle; 13 cI>£~pouapiou tOU 1911 POA(t~) 6tt OOOt"SflKt th010 tllTtlla: ,,0tPlla oUnaplltTtPla vooapiou 1909. TIe; 1tAllPOpoq>opit~aotte; na(pvoulll: alt6 to q>o)..(ql. 91) aqlou avaqltp£1 6n a£ ItpOTfYou~£voq>uHo t11e;(87;) p(Xt'lnpoc; to q>IA6ltatpl KOIv6tll~ Tpaya(ae;, npcx; tOU~nprotepyata<; 1..0 tll<; Eq>l1lJtp(liae;tile; Kupepvrioeroe; (cI>.E.K.) ~t apI01l6 16 tOU IC£11Iota Yla tTl aUYlCp6tll0'l Enltponrie; Yla t'lV npoataa(a tWV t'le; llipuo£w~ tOOTllrillato~ toO KtvtPIKOO MaKtlioV11C0U1:uU.6A" ttuxooe; tllC;'21.1.1909, 6nou 6~we; oev IttPltXtTal to KtilltVO oUJ.lq>£p6vtwv«t600v twv lCato(lCwv, 6aov Kal tTfe;nap'lJ.l£AllJ.1E- you ev Tpaya(a Kalnpo<; tOYptKTTfVE~Ii. Ba01AaKllv 011C1ly6pov, TOUKataOtanKoo TOUI:uU6you. vTfC;ICwJ.lon6A£c.ilc; J.lae;",Ollll£lc.ilv£16tl "Xaplv Itpoatao(ac; tWVatOY OX6vta tllV npwtopoo).,(a tTfe;auotaot(l)<; tOU 1:UAAOYOU, ola.AAAa 000 OtOlxs(a txoullt Yla t'lV unap~l1 "CooI:oH6yoo TWV Itavtaxou £pyaltllCwv ta~£wv, tOU £lllt0P(OU,t'lC; plollllxav(ac; lCal KpL9tvta Ot ele; 1t0AMe;1ttP10tclO£I~ ola tllV natplWtlKr\V OPOOI\( 'ev AttlK.4 Na):((I)v. I:t avaKo(vwOr\ tOU noo Kata1.wp{~etal OtO q>. 'I"Maptlou 1909 tOU Alyalou, avaq>tpttal 6tl, enl 0'oJ.l6lTTfe;KOIVWVIIC"C; avanTU~£(I)e;10puovTai Kal A£IToupyoOatv £UOOKI- too... r~,o~)'.YI r t;'l',32, t'l<; 12 I

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Yla rnv aVQnTU~Tf 't'le; 1J0peoq>utei~ Kal t'le; Iltta~OoKWA'lKOtpoq>iae;Ot'l Na~o, antoTCIAC cs ncpiccorspooc alto nsvrivrc oU~ltoAitte; KanOla ltoo6t'lta uopeooxopou, 6'lAc.ilvEtal xurom, 6n 0001 OOIJ1tOAitce;t1t19ulJouv va Acipow OWPEQV uopcoonopo TjpaIJPaK60nopo IJlt0pOUVva alteu8uvovrm OtOV np6eopo tOO 1:un6yoo, MI1.arlA 6alJlpaA'l (crnv 006 100. ntoJ.lat~6yAoU 12).0 1:oUoyoe; ItA'lPoq>opci, tltio'le;, 6tl Itp6KCltai va Kavel eKOpOIJ~ern Na~o yla va IJcACTtlOCIalt6 KOvta tle; avaYKte; t'le; Kal va OKt(j)tei noco IJlt0pci vc oUIlPaAcl ornv avtl~etc.illtlor\ TOOe;.1:tO TtAoe;T'le;avaKo(vW0'lC; avaypaq>ovtal ta e~rle;: "A0riva 5/3 (ltpoq>avc.il~:5 Mapt(ou 1909). EK tou rpaq>tioo tOO 1:un6you ... 1:tO (010 q>oUo (321), oe ano o'llJ£io, TO"Alyaiov .. avayytAAtl "Iltta 1.apae; aVeKqlpaOtOUI)TllV(OpUO'lI:uU6you twv EVAttlKr\ N~iwv Kal eUXEtal va OOOq>(~EI aut6C; otCv6tcpa tOoe; 0&OIJOUe;0~6volae; Kal aAA'lAeyyO'le;~eTIl~u TWVNa~l(J)v Kal va ouVtEAEOtl Ot'lv 'lOlle" Kal UAIKtl tOOe;Itp6000. ..0 veoC;toHoyoC; A9T)VIDV" I:t Kavtva aUo 0l1llt(o Otv t1.OUlJtavacpopa Oto 1:uAAoyotwv tv AnlK~ Na~iwv. 1:t Itpo'lyou~evo q>ono tOU Alyaioo (316 t'l~ 26 (a~ouapiou 1909) oe Ollllooicu~a IJt titAo ..0 vtoe; I:uUoyCX; AO'lVWVKal J.lt unoypaq>ri "AO'lvaIOe;" ol1Ac.ilvetal6n KaOcva~laKr\ IjIU1.riytlJloe IJ&aVEKq>paOtTfxapa IlCto XapIl6ouvo ycyov6c; ..6tl ouvtatTtO~ tv ~Orivale; I:oUoyoC; Kal tWVNa~lwv", 0 oltoioc; Kal av ocv lteTU1.tlnltOTt aAAo, TouAaXIOtOv"altOOC1KVU&I" Ot'lv ItPWtcuouoa 6n onapXtl KaltOUOtTfv Enaoa to 6volla Na~oe;. T'lv avaYKTfIJlae; Tttola~ "ouotaOCwe;" aq>oo olaltioTWOav nOAAoi Na~lc.iltte; t'le; A9~vae; Kal aq>ou ItA'lyw9'lKav paOla an6 t'lV tHelljl'l aUT';, nou tYIVt aIOS'lt" Otl) EYKaivla t'le; I\toxlle; t'l<; KUKAa01K~e;"Evwo'lC; (0'l1J: OEVavaypaqlttal 'l aKpIPr\e; XpOVOAoy(a TWVeYKalv(wv OOtt nou aKpIPWe;OTtY~Ctal 'l I\tOXll), contuoav "va auVtAOWOIKal OtO(tlol tae; paoel~" (OTfIJ:evvoc( tou toH6yoo) Kal to KatqpOwoav Itap' 6Ace;tiC;OUOICOA{te; Kal Itap' 6Aee; tt~ aVtlOpaOtle; ItOUouvavT'l0av. fl' aut6, 01 OCJ.lcAI(I)tee; tOO 1:uAA6yoo toutOO o(Kala Ot'l ouvti.OllOll tOU va~laKou Aaou KattAapav "a~I(l)llanlCr\v" (= E~exooaa) StO'l, 1:tTfollvtxelQ 0 apSpoypacpoc; ItPOt&[Vtlva y(VEIYtV1K~aUVeACU0'ltClIVNa~((j)v nO'o Eyypaq>l1KavOtO 1:uHoyo, va aq>cSe(0 KaOtvae; va npooq>tpcl tie; yvc.iloelC;tOO K.a. Eniolle; KplvCI6t1 "l1ltQtp(e; J.la~(OIW: TfNa~oc;) txel avaYKll t60wv Kal t6awv .. c.ilOtt 1J6vo '1 "tnlpoA~" cv6e; tttOIOOouH6you J.lltOp&{va avaK61j1&1..tOV poov tTfC;KataOtpoq>';C; tTfe;"·EKq>pa~ttal, aK6~'l, 'l tAn(Oa 6n oc 9a Olotaoouv va Itpa~oov KaOt tl nou oUJ.lq>eptlto 1:uHoyo "01 q>IAOnQtpIOCe; OUtOI Na~lol" 1t00 npaYlJatoltoiTfoav "tllv J.lCyaATfV Kal ovclpc.ilOTfOla toue; Na~{ove; lotav ... o xapaKt'lpl~6Iltvoe; we; ..0 vtoe; I:uHoyoe; AOTfvwv.. clval apayt 0 {liloe;lie tOY~uHoyo twv tV AftIK" Na~iwv, 1t0Ulopu9TfKt cKeivll tllv tltOX"; H auvtp'l apayt va 10pUOouvouo va~laKo( 1:0HOyOI atllV Aa~va tOY iOlo Kalp6; 6ev Oa UIt~PXCICQnolatvOtl~'l Yla tllV tao"C61.PoVllona~'l ouo va~laKwv I:uH6ywv Otllv A0riva; AAM, e~ aHou, TO ..Alya(ov .. Oa avriyycAAc 000 q>opte; tOY (avouaplo (q>. 316) Kal to Mapno (q>. 321) tOU (OIOUttoue;' 1909, t'lV iopooTf tV6c; Kal ~6vo I:uH6you; I:t'lv avaqltP6litv~ Kanou Itapanavw avaKoiv(l)o'l tOU 1:uAA6you tWVcv AttllC~ Na~{wv "Cou1909, tKq>pa~ttal llltp60eo'lltpaYlJatono('lo'l~ CKOPOIlrie;o"CTfN~o. AHa EKOpollriOtll Na~o npay~atono('loc 0 Na~laK6e; 1:o)..)..oyo<;tlle; AOriva~. T(9ttal 0'lA. to cPWtlllla av ouvu.


68 H Kotvcovia

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napxouv XPOVllCaovo va~laICO{:EUHOYOItTJ~A9Tiva~' Tij.lTinw~0PIOj.ltvc~ Ti 6A£~ 01 opaOtllPI6tllt£~ TOU Na~laICou r..,H6you avTiICouvOtO :EuHoyo TWV£v AnllCTi Na~{wv; AHci £ivai ouvat6. £nioTJ~. an\(O~ va Aty£tal cn{OTJj.latva~ :Eunoyo~ ICalano ThAO va XPTJOlj.lOnOl£lOTa tyypalPa tou; Manov. 6x!. navTw~ cJ.I£I~ 9a ICataypa<pouj.l£. 600 y(vtTal. aICpIP.tOt£pa TOU~tiTAO~ TWVva~laICoov Lun6ywv nou aa ouvavtouj.l£. H avap((I)crTJ tOU Na~taKOu Eu),),6you

ria TTJVavapiwoTJ TOUNa~laICou :EuAA6youJ.la~nATJPolPopeiTJ ..np60oo~'j OTO<puHo tTJIO65 tTJIO29 AnplA{OU 1910 j.lEtva ICaTaOtaTlIC6 0llJ.looI£uj.la an6 TO onoio naipvouj.I£ tva an60naoj.la. ..M£Ta noHTi~ wxapIOtTio£w~, ypalP£I, j.lavElavoj.l£vTTJVava13{(1)OIV TOUEVAaTival10Na~laICou :EuH6you j.I£aHoy np6£opov ICal aHa j.ltAI1.TOUnpootou olaAu9tvTo~ un6 tl1l0aV£j.lO~aAI1~tl1~ EICICa9apio£~ 01' av£napIC£lav ICal 01' aouj.l13i13aotov olaywYTiv npo~ ta oUj.ln60Ia". 6uotuXooIO11aoplot{a tou oxeTlICou anoonaOllatO~ elval T60TJ.nou o£v J.la~£nltpt1tl1l va napou~£ nATJpo<popice; Yla TOUIO npotopoulO TOU:EuAA6you,av ava13(wol1 £0'000l1j.1a(vel tYICPIOI1vtou KaTaOtaTlICOu, av unaPX£1 aHayTi OlOV thAO TOU:EuH6you. nOla e(VCllta naAla ICal vta j.ltAI1tOU :EuH6you. n6TE aICpI13oo~ylvETal 11avapiwol1 autTi IC.An.

o cv A9TivaiIO:EuUoyolO twv Na~{wv (6nwlOj.la nAl1po<P0P£{to ,·Alya{ov" OTO<po319 tl1l021 cJ>£13pouap(ou19(9) ICaTt9£0£ ot£<paVI EIt{ TI1IOoopou TOUEllj.laVoul'jA ZWyooATJ,:ExoMpXI1 tou 80u EHI1VIICOUI:XOAt{OUtlllO A91'jva~ Kal j.ltAou~ TTJ~ItOAlteu6j.1eVllIO

Otl1V Aneipav90 olKoytvelalO twv ZWyooATJOWV. (' Htav aOeA<p~ tOU t6tE 6Tij.lapxou An£lpavElou Kal v£6t£po~ ylo~ tOU nprol1v 6llJ.lapxou An£lpav90u MatOa(ou ZeuywAI1). EnIICTioElo~ A6yo~ £IC<pwvTJoav 0 Ka911YTJtTiIO TOUApoaICe{ou 1. KaTooup6~ Kal 0 <papj.lalConoI6~ 6. npoj.lnovQ~. (ria TO A6yo TOUnpollnova O£~:..AIya(ov" <po320 tl1~ 2 MapT(ou 1909 ICal..np60oo~" IP. 37 tl1l028 cJ>£13P. 1909). Kal ciAAO£1tlICTiOEIO ot£<pavi Katt9£oe 0 :Eonoyo~. 'OnwlOavaypa<pEtal OtO "Alya{ov» tlle; 3 6£K. 1909 (IP. 349) "0 £v A9Tivau; tUAAOYOIO tWV Na~{wv Katt9Eo£ nOAUtillOvott<pavov en( tOO9avaToo tOU 6TJj.lapxou Avoptou nOA(tOU», Yla tOY onolo, OE aAAo 0l1j.1e{o,,11E<Pl1j.1£p(oaypa<pEI on "0 6Tij.lapx6~ Ilae;, Avopt~ noAItI1IO,11on13apo CICE{VI1 X£IP,0 Oalj.l6vl01O£KE{VO~ avTip, 6atl~ En{ 23 oA6KAllpa ttl1 Oll1UauvEta~ tUxae; tlle; natp{Ooe; Il~ (Ollll: tlle; Na~ou) o£v unapX£1 nAtov EI~tllv ~wTiv". 0 napanavoo nt9av£ to :Ea13pato 28 NOEIl13P(OU1909 (nou;) Kal tllV KuplaKI'j 29 NOEIl~ Pp(ou j.I£Ta<ptp911KC an6 tl1v A9Tiva Kal KllO£OtllK£Otl1 Na~o. Yn6j.1v'lj.la y,a t'l Ef1upt&a

69

ap9po (4) tOU KataOTaTlKOUavaypa!p£tal 6tl «ex tWV£100011110:Eto un6j.1V111la ~Ulta~UOAAwVava!ptpovtal ta e~I't~: ..0 sv A9TitWV tOU :EUAA6you,eKT()(;tWVola T11VA£ltOupylav autOU anapalval~ ..Na~laIC6~ :EuHoyo~ .. napaKoAou9wv, ~ aHooe; t£ tX£1 xc. 9TiKOV£K roo KataOtanKou tOU, ta Kata t11Volluploa Kal TOO<; TTiTWVOanavtbv, rc AOlna XP1101j.1onOIOuvtalel~ tpya OUYKOIV(l)v(ae;' ouvatal 61lw~ to :EUj.1~OUAIOV sv avaYKI1 va 0la9toTJ 11110lluPlooopulCtae;, nap£tTiP11o£v 6n 1'\·£~tAI~I~rtov Kata t11Vun69£vla(ooc;to EVntflntOv npo~ 13origelav IltAou~, orev TOan0gellatlow tautllv l3a{v£1 oelvouJl¬ VTJnapa n&oav avt{9£tov npooooK6v Ke<paAalOvtOU :EuHoyou unep13ri ta~ 500 opaXlloc;... ". xtov». :ETI~npOtaOele; tOU tuHoyou ola13a~oull£ on « e{VEavaYKTJ EVTunwo11npOKaAEI TO6n KliTOO an6 TO xetuevo tOU xarcoro. 6nroc; £lPaPlloaerool ll11xavlKa j.1toa Ola t11Ve~6pu~lv t11100IlUPITlKOUunoypa!pouv tu J.1¬ A11 tOU OIOIKTJnKOuo0J.l13ouAlouKal 6Xl 1_ o~ "n~ ol'tllcpoV EV£PYOUIl£V11 01' apx£y6voov J.ltowv, alP' svo; opuTIKa IltAll TOUoUAAOyoU.fLati apaye; To 6.1:., 7tQVtWc;,cnoJ.1EvSev anoo(oci mv otouoav napaywy"v, a<p' srepou O£y{vttal TeAouv 01 e~I't~: ..0 np6eop~ N. Kopec, 0 ypallJ.lateu~ A. Aeyaa!poPIl" OUotuX11j.1atWv.Eivs avaYK11onw~ KataOKwao9wolv 0K11<;.Ta j.1EA11 TOU:Euj.1~oUAlou:Iwav. N. Bcvl~CAaKTJ~,1:t. rK(Ka~, 001 patal an6 tWV opuXtiwv £110rooc 0Pj.lOUIOtll~ napaMo£IDIO Ayy. Ayanl1t6c;, 611Il"tPI~ N. Kope~.:E. r. 1:loep"e;, 6. Fluxao rsnpo~ OIWKOAUVOIV t11~ Iltta<popci~ I't, tou9' onep Kal oKOnlj.1wte!pavou, EIlIl. 6. Kopt~ ... pov, va eYKataota9wOIv npo; tOY oxoncv tOI)tOVorsvct OI011Poria TO ovouc tOU npotopou tOU 1:un6you unapX£1 ilia all<Pl0poIlIKa{ ypallj.lal ola l3ayoviwv A£ltOupyouoal. An09"Kal. FlpcKtlKWtatOv 9a "to va 10PueroOlV£l~ roue OPIlOU~MoutOOl>VTJIO 013"t110T)011~·av AtYEtal N. Kopec (onw~ avaypa<p£tal OtO napanavw cJ>.E.K.)" M. KoptC;. 6Ia13~oulle OtO !p. 132 tTJ~ np0600u Kal Auwvo~, .£l~ ae; vc j.1cta<ptp11tal to 0PUKtOVKal £K tWV opo6n ntpav an6 rnv eKOpOJ.lTi tOU Na~laKou 1:oAA6youtT)~A9Tiva~. xe(wv va napaolo11tal £l~ tOY unaAAllAov tOU 6TJJ.l00(ou £n( anoO£l~£l, cK£i9cv O£ va <poptroVTJtalev Kalpoo en( tooV?tIlOnAoioo~, . nou tyw£ Ot11 Na~o, "Kata nA11Po!poplac;0 un6 rnv npoeopelav Illl naplotaj.1tVTJe; outoo t1110avaYK11C;xrn evan0911Keuo£ooC;ev :Eo-. TOUIC. M. Koppe l:tepo~ ev A9"val~ Na~laK6~ 1:uHoyoC; 9tAEI £ICpoo tou9' onep OUKOA(yac;oanavale; npo~£ve( £le; to 011j.100tOV. Opaj.1£llltxple; AnoAAoovo~(Nci~ou) tllv npooEX" KuplaKTiv. Ilcpt EpyatlK6v oIKa{wlla. To napexollevov vuv e'l~ tOU~ OJ.1UPIOWPU- tOI)tOU 9a ypaljloollEv npooexoo~ », (6uotuxoo~ oev 13prjKa an11 oxenK" nA11P0(jlOp(ayla t11v EKOPOIl").Yn09ttw OTIKal an6 tOY lCta~epyatlKov olKa(oolla 2,4000/00, Aaj.1l3avOj.1£voov un' oljlel t(ov t6no npooploj.lOU tWVeICopoll£WVKal an6 to ovollaT£nwvullO TOU OUOKOAlooV. t11e;£~opo~~ 0011lltpal a~avolltVTJe;, tVEKat1110el~ lleyaAlhepa l3ci911ava~l1tl'toewc; tOU OPUKtOU,tooVOUOKOAIOlV t11C; npotopou TOU"£TtpOU» va~laKou auH6you t11~ A9riva~ Kal an6 aUa otolxda, 6n 0 ava<p£p6IlEVOe;ounoy~ e(val 0 :Eunoy~ Il£ta!popae; npoe; tOI~ anOI~ oe Kal tooVe~60wv £~ a unoflUHoKopwvlo~. (0 M. Kopt~ (0 101Oe;;) e lxc YIOtOY N. Kopt ..lhOciVtal 01 OJ.1UPIOWpOKTal. ria t11Vayopav £KPI1KtlKooV UAtbVKal ~tI1Ct0pa t11~ NOIlIKTie;"«(napova~'a» cpo65 t11~6.5.1905). navtooe; Va au~aVOVtal Kat' avaAoy{av npolOtac; ouaKOA(a~ t11t;£~opu~e(ri "oIOciKtoop..) oo~, oev 1)Uvatal Tiva geooP119" av£napKt~, nap(otatal oe avaYK11 KanolOe; M. KOPE~ (MapKo~ Koptc;;) Ka911Y11tri<; Ma911llaTlKooV£Ko11AwvelEVOlalPtpOvYla ta KOlVava~laICa ~11t,,13EAtl(ooCWC; aUTou £I~ Opax. 3 tOUMXIOtOVKata oTatl'jpa" iva cIlata Ileooo tou tOTtlKOUtunou It.x. Yla tl1V neplOuola t11~Mov"e; nlaUP11 CKt~ tooV anoov t11Ven(ooolv tooV 0lluPIOoopuKtWVKal tllv aj.1£oov ouventb~ eK toutooV wlPtAElav tOU 6111l00(ou ola t11e; cJ>avepoolltvlle;( ..napova~'a .. <po69 tl1C;2.7.1905), Yla t11VavaYK11 0111l10upylalOauvosolloU TooV Na~loov (..Alyalov» <po23 t11~ PeAtltboeroc; t11e;napaywy"c; Kata te noo6v Kal nOI6v..... 2.12.1901). cJ>pOVtl~elcniol1~ Yla t11V anooToAri IlEta~00n6pou (..napova~(a" <po64 t11~ 21.4.1905) Otl1 Na~o. 6£10Kal <po50 t11~ •Ante; nA.'lpocpop(ee; 7.7.1910). Yn09tToo AOIn6v 6nllaAAov 0 M. Kopt~ elval 0 np6eYla to Na~laK6 EUAA.oyo opo~ tOU 1:un6you Kopwviooe;. cJ>alvtTal 6n 0 :EuHoyoe; Tpononol11oE TO ICataOtanKO TOUto To 1915, j.1£t11Vano<paoll2695 Kal 6.5.1915 tOU npootoolKelou 1915 (apia. anoq>. 296 t11e;4.2.1915 TOUnpooToolKeiou A911vlilV. A911vtbv (0£1... BUp. 232, ap. Katax. 310/16.5.1915) eYKp(vetal to UA. eupet. 327. Ap. Katax. 175 t1'\~ 14.2.1915). KataOta'tlK6 tOU Na~laKoo tUA).6yOU. rlat{ cipaye naptotll11 avay"ll yla vto KataOta'tlK6 tOU tuAMyou. En(011C;011IlEloovOUj.1e 6tt to 1923 eYKp(v£tal to KataOtatlKO tOU :EuAMyou Na~(oov (aI:YN&EI:MOI: AnEIPAN010N 7t6!p. 1462 t11e;2,6.1923 tOU npwTOoIKe(ou A9llvtbv, oeA. eup. 365) Kal to 1924 Kal 1925 t11e;N~laK"~ ·EvW011~.M"7tW~ np6K£ltal (A9I\va,n. \3p. 1922) apaye Yla auvtX£la " B~EAI~11tOU {OIOUtuU6you;

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To KataOTaTIKo tOU :EUAAOYOU An£lpavEl(wv CYICP1911KE t11v 1 Iouv!ou 1922 IlE tTJVun' apl9. 2280 an6lPa011 tOU npWtOOIKelou A911VooV(ap. Katax. 980/1 1.6.22. 6E~ oeA. BI~A. npWtOo. 361). To 1925 anooTtnual to e~Ti~tyypa!po OtO 1:uvoeollo: ..Apia. 6.Y. H EvoplaKTi EnlTponEla tOU Iepou Naou ..Ko(Il1101C;t11~0eOtOKOU"t11e;KOlVOT11toC; AnElpavOou. npolO to :Euvoeollov AnCIpav9ioov A9"va~. 'EXOIl£VtllV tlll"V va yvooP(OoollBV Uj.1(vt11v A,,IjIIVtOU un' apIa. 104- 12 - 4 - 925 (npocpavtbe; 12.4. 1925) £yypaq>ou oac;. Meta tlle; Ay(a~ EIK6voe; t1'\~0eoToKou t11e;0eOIl"tOpo~ t11~ a<plepooge(0TJ1O tW Iepw Nacil AnelpavElou un6 tou a~loTIIlOU 00J.lnoAltou K. Mlxat\A N. KovTEAltplllCal va napaKaAtowll£vUIlQ~ 6nw~ eYX£lplOTJTet11VEOtbKA£IOtOv7tpa~1Vt11~ EvoplaKTie; Enl~ tponda~ tOU avwttpw a!plcpwt" Kal 0111l001EOOtTC aUT"v oo~ Kal tllV £nIOtOA"V tOU ev tOOeYKpitw u<p' lJj.1a~(;) <poHw t11~ Nta~ napova~la~. Ev AnElpavew t11 21 AnplA(ou 1925. 061EU90voov


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HIe; Evop. Emtpo7[f;iae; N. npwtolta7[(ie;". To tyypacpo aut6 OT)jlOCHEUEtal(me; 17 Maiou 1925 oro cp.48 tT)e;Ntae; napovW;{ae;. (I:E EltlcrtOAti t'1e; ltpOe; tOY MlxatiA N. KovtEAlep'1 nou 0'1jlOCHEuEtal mT) cruvtXI:ta T)Em tpOTCr;ypacpEI: "Ka9ti KOVEQUttie;E9EOOP'1crEV T) EvoplaKtl Emrponein, 6TCWe; ouv tT) ltpOe;UjlQc;EKcppacrEIt'1e; suepEcrKtlae; t'1e;, yvwpicrT) ujliv ola tT)<;napoucrTJC;ltpa~EWe;, on to 6vouu tTJe;aOEACPtie;crae; AcrJtacriae; 9tAEI Ecrae( jlVT)jlOvEU'1talEVtTl Ayia Kal Ispd tT)e; MT)tpoTC6Acwe;T)jlOOv(;) npoOecrEI ETCitTl Ele; jlvr;jlT)v autiJe; acplcpOOcrEIoutv (;) too IEPOOUjlOOv(;) NaOOtT)C;Ayiae; EIK6voe; tT)e;0EOjltitOpOe;, 9tAEI OEtCAEcr9ti xm uvnuoouvov UTCtp avanaucrEwe; tT)C;1jI1Ixrie;tTJe;Ev9ttw (; = EVtv9ttw;) Xp6vw, tv Kal- t pOOOEKal Ele;ujlac; geAEI aTCoo09ri un6 tou IEPOUNaou jlac; '1 ltpOcrriKouoa njlr; ola to cvolacpepov crae;uJttp autou. Ev ATCClpciv9w tTl 21 ATCPIAiou,1925. 0 6.IEu9uvwv tT)e;Enltpone{ae; N. npWtonanae;. Ta jltATJ: M. Mavt~oupciVTJC;,r. 6.. I:KATJPciKT)C;, Ill. I:KCUOCPu.. Aa~, 100. ZeuyroA'1C;". Ae; crTJjlEIWOe{tEAOe;6tl crtO (OIOcpuno (48) tTJC; EcpT)jlEpioae; unapxouv tuXaplcrtr;plEe; EmcrtOAte; npoc; t'1' ..Moa 'Avva MatGaiou npWtovotapiou, AOrivac;" Yla anocrtOAr; 1.000 oPX. Kal crt'1v ..Ka Mapia npojl1tovci, AGrivae;" ylanpompopci SOO oPX. crtO N(6), I:nc; £(jITJjlEpioEe;..Nea napova~ia .. t'1e; 15 MaTou 1926, crtO (jI.3 (58) crt KdjlEVO jlC u1toypacpr; 6. r. I:. Kal crT'1Illwvri Na~ou - napOUTT)e;23 MaTou 1926 crtO cp. 18 (crE Ke(jlEVOtou rEWp. N. Bapoti) ~'ltEital va anoTEAtcrouv 01 va~laKoi crunoyol~tT)e; A9rivae; (n.x. IllIAontOOv, AnElpavfHwv) jlla KOtVrievwcr'1lCal va cruyxwveutouv (1teplcrcr6tepa oec; crtO ICtcpaAalO Yla to I:uvoccrjlO IllIAOtltOOv).

ola TTJVuerneopdv tTJe;crjlUplOoe;EICtWVopuxdwv ele;TTJValCttiv", Msrd ElCcppci~EIt'l AUnTJrou Olon a1t6 tOUe; 060 nATJPE~oucr(Oue; (POUAEUt£e;)Nci~ou 0 usv £vae; (npojlnovQc;) ~TJtciel 0 EvatplOe; va lCataAtiYEI OtO AIOOva,EVOO 0 cinoe; (Ilpcvtoovcc) O't.TJXOOpa. H anoljl'l tOU I:uvo£crjlou eival on 0 Evatploe; npelttl va lCataAtiYEI crtTJ Mouroouva lCal 1tapa9ttEI O'XEnKcitnlXElptijlata. TTJv ematOAt; unoypcicpouv "E~ ov6jlatoe; tOU 6101ICTJtlICouI:UjlPOUA{OU tOU I:uvoecrjlOU I:jlUploEpyatOOv, 0 np6El)poe; IwcivvTJ'e;N. Ilporovordpioc, 0 rpajljlateUc; Mlxat;A 6. MUnATJva{Oe;, 0 Tajl{ae; EujlaVoutiA N. IllpayKiO'KOe;,ta Jl£ATJ:N11C6Aaoe;E. npwtovotciplOe;. AvtOOvlOe;Ejljl. KpTJtl1C6e;,AvtOOvloe; N. ZEuyooATJe;",To ICE{jlEVO tTJe;tltlcrtOAtie; l)'1jlocrlEUEtal O'tO cpo25 tTJe;Neae; napova~(ac; tTJ~ 5 Matou J 924. I:ta KUICAaollCciNEa t'le; 28 10uAlou 1924, ato cp. 3.l)laPci~oujlE ta ~tie;: ..An6 t'le; napeAOoucrTJe;epOojlciooc; tip~ato TJAEltOupy{a t'le; tV MoutaouVTJ Nci~ou ton0getTJO£io'1e; YEcpuponAclcrtlyyoe;, oa1to:vale; tOU IUVOEO'jlOUI:jlUPIOWPUlCtOOv AnelpcivOou lCal anoO'ICOltOucrTJe; Ele; tTJV enaAtiOwcrlv tTJe;napci tou 6TJjloO'iou tOlau.. tTJe;lCal a1tOIjlUYllvtwv Ele; Pcipoe; twv crjlUPIOWPUICtOOV ~TJjlIOOV EIC twv t6crwv pAapoov tTJe;teAEUtaiac;. we; lCal tTJv a1taUaytiv tOU I)1taAATJAIKOU np0O'w7tllCou elCtwv ao{lCwv lCat' autou jlOjlcpOOv tWV crjlUPIOWPUIC'I'OOV". Nta aVOllCtti emcrtOAti tOU I:uvotcrjlOU I)TJjloO'u;uttal crTTJNta napova~la crtO cp. 8 (63) t'le; 1 AuyouO'tOU 1926. I:tTJ" E1tIO'tOAr; ltOU anEuOuvetal «npoe; tOY IC.n p6eopov tTJe;EAA. 6 TJjloKpatiae; (ICal) npov tOY IC. Ynoupy6v rEwpylae;. BlojlTJxaviae; lCal Ejlnopiou .. ElCcppci~ctal'1 AUnTJtou crun6you Ylat( «cxouv riOTJnap£A9tl tecrcrapce; oA6ICATJPoljlt;vee;, lCaO' 0Ue; lCaOucrtEp£ltal TJnATJtYNt1EtMOt AIANOOYMENflN pWjl ti npoc; autOUe; tWV epyatlKOOv tWV OllCalWjlcitwv, twv jl6vwv autOOv nopwv. 'Exouv ri0'1 napeA9EI ttcrcrapEC; oA6KA'1Pol jltivee; NASOY - nAPOY aljl' tie;01 OjlUPlowpUlCtal 1tapaS<i>cravtee;tTJVcrjlUPIOQtWV1tpOe;to 6TJjl6criov eOllCalOUV'l'otTJe;jlllCpcie;autOOv ajloll3r;c;'" T'1v e1tlcrto(A&!\vo 1924) All u1toypacpouv ..tV Anelpav9w tTJ 24 10uAiou 1926, 0 np6eopoc; crjlUPIOWPUKtOOV Anelpciv90u - MoutO'ouVTJe; Iw. N. npwtovotciI:ne; 6 IllEppouaplou 1924 avayvwp{~Etat 0 Eunoyo~ 6tavooupIOe;,O rpajljlatEue; MIX· 6. MUtIATJva(Oe;.Ta jltATJ: AVtOOvLOe; Ejl. jlevwv Na~ou - ncipou jlE t'1V un' apt9jl6 223 an6cpacr'1 tou npwKpTJttK6e;, Ejljl. N. IllpayJC(crlCoe;,AvtOOvlOe;N. ZeuyOOATJe;». toolKElou A9TJvOOv(ap. ICatax. 1149 tTJe;16.2.24. 6Ee; crd .. 368 BtITJjlt:lwcrTJ· 61aljlopci crTov thAO tou IuvotcrjlOU napatTJpeital PAlou tou npWtOOIKc(OU Yla I:un6youe;). crnc; SUo avolxtte; E1tIcrtOAte;. ttTJV npOOtTJXP'1crljlO1tOle{tal we; Mia 1tp6crICA'1cr'ltOU I:uvoecrjlou 6tavooUjltvwv Nci~ou - ncipou titAoe; '1 IjlpcicrTJ«IUvOEcr~oe; IjlUploepyatOOv., EvOOcrtTJOEUtep'1 0 (Ylat( cipaye '1 olacpopci crtOV t(tAO;) 0'1jlocrlcU£tal crtO Ijluno 34 1tp6EOpOe;U1tOypciljlEIwe; «0 np6EOpOC; crjlUPIOWPUKtOOV A1telpcivt'lC; 27 I:C1tt£jlPp{ou 1924 t'lC; ..Ncac; napovW;(ac;'" '1 E~riC;:..I:uvOou - Moutoouv'le;". OEcrjloc; 61avooujltvwv Na~ou - ncipou. np6crICA'lcrle;. npocrlCaAOUvtal ta jltA TJtou cruvoecrjlou Ele; YEVIICrivcrUVtAEUcrl v tTJV5T)v "I:MYPIAnpYKTAI ENn0HTE ... To ait'1jla Yla va evwOouv O'jlUPIOWpUlCtt~olaljl6jXOv 1tEPIOXOOV t'1~ Nci~ou OlatUnOOvetal !Cal OlCtwPpiou E.E. (crTJjl. 1924) 'ljltpav KuplaICriv ICal OOpavlO'1v 1t.jl. crtTJv EIjlTJjleploa Illwvti Nci~ou _ ncipou tTJv Kupla!Cti 15 MaTou Ele;to tvtauOa BappciKCIOVAUICEIOV.0tjlata: APXalptcrlal. Ev A9rivalC; t'1 26 I:cnttjlppiou 1924.0 np6eopoe; 6. MaYYIOOpoc;OIICTJ- tou 1917. Ie avun6ypacpo 0TJjlocriEUjlaaValjltpEtal6n to I:cinnato "" y6poe;, 0 rpajljlat£lx; lCal a.a. n. E. BacrIAae;... (tTJV 1tPO'1YOUjlEVTJ jltpa ti crne; 7 Matou) 01 crjlUPIOWpUlCtEe; 1tATJ6ucrtuXroC; OEVpp~ICa cino crtOIXe(O crXCtllCcijlE to I:UVOEcrjlO pOcpopr;OTJKaV6n E1tp6ICEltOva cp9ciO'£1crlTJNci~o 0 Y1toupy6e; Eaut6. GVIlCt;e;OllCovojliac; r. MEPKOUPTJe;,aAM tEAlICcijlatalOO9TJIC£to ta~(ol tOU. Anci ICIav ltpaYjlatonOIe(to to ta~iol naAI t{1tOtE I)EV 9a o:Ha~E Yla tOUe;O'jlUPIOwpUKtte;,aOjlljlwva jl£ tOY ap9poypacpo, Ylat! "TJ 1tOAIt£!a OeAEIo1twcrotinott va olatTJPti toue; crjlUPIOWPUtYNt1EtMOt tMYPIdflPYKTflN Ktae; £IAwtae; t'lC; KpatlICtic; Kal 101(l)tI!Cti~a1tATJotlac;, VOIi(jloUti AnEIPAN90Y (1924;) EICV6jloU'I'OlaUtTJe;,aOlaljlopouO'a TeAdwe; ola tTJv tUXTJVtwv (1)OtUXOOvO'jlUPIOWPUlCtOOV, O(tIVEe; OvriO'ICOUO'IV tTJC;1telVTJe;XciPIV I:ne; 29 AltPIAlou 1924 0 I:uvoccrjlOe; I:jlUploEpyatOOv ancuEluvEI .t'1e; we; eiPTJt:~ It&oc;auto6c; crUjlnEplcpopciC;.61a tile; jlt9600u t'le; an6 T'lV Anc(pav90 aVOIKtll £1tlcrtOAti .. 1) npoc; tOY K. np6EOpOV enalte{ae; ou v a lCatOpOrocrouv... rl' aut6 0 ap9poypcicpoe; ~'lT'11;Kupcpvricrewe; 2) npov tOY K. np6eopov tT)e;E9vocruvcAeucretatn va Evw90uv 6AOI 01 crjlUPll)wpolCt£e;Kopwvil)oe;, AnclpcivOou we; Kal 3) npoc; tOY IC.Ynoupy6v tTJe;E9v1Krie;OIKovojliae;'" jl£ t'1V lCal <PIAOt(OU(Ele; tva aOUoyov cropap6v ICal va lCatopOooO'ouv onoia npOOTacICcppa~clt'1 xapa TOU,,016tl jlttci o£lCaooe;£tOOv,jl6ola t'1e; ouvcijlcOOe;tWV va cmpciUouv 'I'a oiICala twv ola tTJe;VO~(Ale;TOOpa1tpaYjlato1tolc(tal '1 ICatacrlCcuri £va£p(ou crl0T)pol)p6jloU jlOU EIPl1VllCtie;lCal AeAOYlcrjltVTJ~0000 ( ... ). n pEnEI va t~V~~~.

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tYNt1EtMOE AHMOElflN ynAAAHAflN NASOY (1924 - j)

tpan£~1 av ~alpEcrEIe; lCavEle;to napapt'ljla tOU I:uvo. rev 6.11jl. I)naAAr;Awv. Km OOtEpa 9tAOjlE vanpoaCAlCUO'WjlEVroue ~tvoue;! .. o ..Kcorpwco- jlae; 1tATJPocpopd oro cp. 3 tTJe;28 IouAiou J 924 t'1e; iOlae; EcpTJjlEploae;6tt ..0 I:uvoEcrjlOe; tWV 6TJjloO'. Y«. N. n. (Av to «n» crl1lia{VEI «Ilcpou .. tots TJ A&~TJautl) np&1tEIva O'UjlnATJpw9d Kal orov thAO tOU I:uvotcrjlou) Ctoljla~EI ola nov yvwcr;oov EpacrltEXvOOvjlac; vscv 1tapcicrtacrlv». Km uio O'XEtllCr;jlE tie; OtatpllC£e; napacrtcicrele; rou I:uvoeajlou avtalt6ICplaTJ PplcrKEtal oro iOlo cpuno (up, 3): «Tpayaia 25 Iouxiou. H cpr;jlTJ6tl 0 I:uvocO'jlOe;rtov 6'1jlocr{wv UnantiAwv Nci~ou, np6KEltai va 1tEPIOOEUO'TJ ava tTJv vr;crov jlac; jlE 1tpOOtovO'ta9jl6v tTJVTpaya{av lCal OOOcrEI ola tOU lCatapncr9tvtoC; epacrltEXvlKOU OjliAOU'1OOnOIOOv,avanapcicrtaOLV twv tV Nci~w nalXOEIO'OOvICWjlWOIOOV "0 BacriAEue; t'le; PtylCae;» lCal TJ«Avacrtame; tOU Aa~QPOUl>Evt90ucriaO'£v oA6KA'1pov tllv 1C0lvwv{av t'le; nEplcptp£iae; Tpaya{ae;, ll'tle; Evaywv{WC; tOUe; aVajl£VEI. 0a Eival jlla 6acrte; EIC;tTJV jlov6tovov lCal tocrov lCoupaO'tllCt;v ~Wl)V jlac; lCal jlia £navacrtacrte; Ele; tIC; KAElcrjlf:Vee; lCacrcrtAEe;. Ano tOOpa £toljlci~ovtal touaAtttal, ~ccrKOv(~OVtal cppcilCa, EltlcrlCEua~OVtal cpOapeiO'al an6 toY Xpovov aVajlvtiaEIe; tile; v£6tTJtoe;. NtpljlaAit"e;'" To tciPPato 8 Matou 1926. TJ"jlaVOOAIVcita t'1e; Nci~ou» EO(l)crC O't'l AtoX'1 tWV6TJjloO'{wvY1taAAt;Awv eowcre «tljlTJtlKtiV O'uval)A{avl>yla to OIEUOuVttitTJe;Movacrt'lPIOOt'l, jlae; 1tATJPOIjlOPEi jlla avta1t6lCplcrTJ jl£ unoypacpr;: Illp., nou o'ljloal£Ut'llCe mo qt. 3 (58) tTJe; 15 Maiou 1926 tTJe;Ntae; napova~(ae;. H iOla ECP'ljltpioa crtO cp. 7 (62) tTJe; 15 10UAiou 1925 O'Eap9po t'1e; ypcicpEI6tl: «Kata TO tEACUTaiov U1taAATJAIICOV cruvCOPIOVa1t£IjlQO'ioOT)Kat' apxtiv TJ1_ opucrle; UnQA~TJAIKtie;O'uvojloonovoiae;". Kal cruvEXi~CI:..0 !CaA6e; aUTOe;lCal aV(l)TCpOe;O'uvacrnlcrjl6e; Oa S<i>cr'lCle;ta UnanTJAllCQ ~TJt~jlata jl{av lCaAtiv KatEu~uvO'IV Kal AUcrLVlCalola t'1e; nAllPOue; cvwcrcwe;9a yiv'1 cuepyctllCwe; alcr9'ltti '1 ouvajllC; tWVO'ljl. UltaAAr;AwVKal 1tPOC;OcptAOe;autOOvtwv loiwv Kal 1tpOe;6IjlE)..0e;tOU ICOIVWVIKOliO'UVOAOU",Kal lCataAtiycl: ..AywvlaOtvtee; lCal 'ljleie; lCata to 1tapEA96v I)la Tflv £nitcu~lv jllae; O'UvoEcrjllalCtie;IClvllO£WC; tWV U1taHtiAwv xalpEt{~OjlEV tTJv a1t6cpacrlv auttiv lCal CA1t{~OjlEV 6tl Kal TJMO'X'1 (= 0 I:uvOEO'jlO~;)6TJjlocr(wv YnaUt;AWv Nci~ou 9a crlt£uO''l va EVlcrXUcrTJt'1v lCaAtiv aUTtiv npocr1tciOclav".

ApaO'tl1p\C~tl1tll~ 'AAM!~ ItAl1pocpoph:~ H ~I'TJ'("ava1nopa crE 9EatpIICllnapcicrtaa'1 TOUI:uvl)tcrjlOU twv ..., '> ... I) ci Nt 1 6T)jlocr{wv Y1taUtiAwv Nci~ou ylvEtal crta KUKAa IIC a crtO 0 IjlUAAOtOU A' £tOUC;,tTJe; 14 (OUA(OU1924: "H U1ttp tTJe;At~Xl1e; twv 6TJjlocriwv Y1taHtiAwv Nci~ou 009ticra tTJV1tp01tapEA90uO'av l<.uplaICt; (n6tE alCplP<i>~;)9tatpIICri 1tapcimam £tUXE nAtipoUe; c1tltux{ae;. ACPtilC£ICa9apa JCtpOTJolCtalCocr(ac;opaXjlcie;. IICTJvti lCal Otatpov TJaUAti tOU EAATJV.EXoAe(ou. H90nOloi 01 Epacrlttxval K. IC.I:nup. IllAajl1toupciKTJe;,Kwvcrt. 6. naAalOA6yoe;, r. E. 6puAA.'1e;,lCal al 6/0tc; MaiP'1 rcwpyalCo1touAOU, K. naAaIOA6you, lCal 1<.. Xp. MAAa _ P61Ca. XapltWlitvol 6AOI Ele;tOUe; p6AOue; tWV, 1o(w~ '1 61C;rswpyaIConouAou we; veapci xtipa lCal 0 IC.naAaloA6'roC; we; y£AWt01t016e;. 0cpjlci crunapTJttiPla Ele; tOY Iuvo£ojlOV twv 6'ljloO'. unaHtiAwV ola t'1V jltXPI TOUOEEpyacr!a tOU a1t6 an6Ij1EWe;ICOIVWvllCt;e; tjlljlavicrtwe; Kal opao£~". rIa to ..1tapcipt1')jla .. (= A&OXTJ;)tWV O'1jlocr. unaUt;Awv olapci~OUjl8 cr6 ciUo O'TJjl&{otOU (OIOUcpuHou ta ~ti~ jla~! jle cinee; 7tATJpocpOp!te;:..... AAM jll)7tWe;lCal TJ10lWtlICti 1tPWtOpouA{a CICI"ti9'l 016AOU;OUtt tva Owjlcitlov unvou OCV1tPOO'Ett9'l, OUtE tva ~:;);

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KOlVWVIK~Kal OIKOVOIlI~ a).Acl Kal, avan6IpEUKta,aUtapxI~ Kal E~tPEJ.LlOtlK~,OEVEUVOOUV to tpyo EK£ivev xou enillevouv va npooEYY{~OUV ta KOIVWVIKa ~1]t~llata "IlE KanOIO Ilan epEOV1]~", xou auYKIVOOvtal Ile ta tpayouola Kal roue SPUAOU~,nou aloSavovtal n1]ya{a t1]VaVclyK1]yla ilia ~OOtep1] yvcilO1]tOUKOOIlOU,xou e~aKoAouSOUVva SttOUV£pwt~llata Kal naA.£Uouvva OlaAUOOUV "C1]V 10EOAOYIK~ Kal nv£ullanK~ KataXVUlt1]~ KOlVWVIK~~ oullnEpllpOp~. 0 eKouyxpoVIOll6~, 1]n(otTj 6tl Tj np6000~ etvm ypalllllK~, aVan6lpEUlCtTjKal avan60paotTj, anwSe{ to oiavooullevo Kal Il~{ Il' curov Stt£1 oro neplScilplo tTj~ KOlVWVIK~~ KaSe ouvat6tTjta KPltlK"~ Kal nOAl"CIatIK"~ olaSe01]~ t1]<;KOlvwv{a~.Av 61lw~aut" un~p~e 1]1l0PIp~tOUxveollanKou avSp61nou, rc nAa{ma Kal ta 6pla ere onota unoxpewv6rev va KIVTjS£{Kal va opaotTjplonOITjSEl, o11ll£pa, 01 KOIVWVllct~, OIKOVOllld~ Kal nOAltlKt~ KataOtaOel~ txouv nA"pw~ lleta~ATjS£(. BaolKt~ avaYK£~ tKaVonol"91]ICav, Ol &laOIKao{£~tTj~ Ila~tIConO(TjoTj~Kal ICOlvwvIKonO{TjOTj~ OAOKATjp61vOvtal, Kt Tjcpiorepa OlaX£lp{~£tal ta nOAltlOnKa ~1]t"llata tOUt6nou Ila~. Ev toutOlt; Tj KatacrraOTj tOU oiavooullevou O£v ana~e alpOOTj1080AOY(a tOu EKOUYXPOV10llOU anOO£iXtTjKEnOAUloxup6t£p1] an6 ilia nAa(ola 8VO~"KpatOU~ EKtaKtOU avaylC1]~" 6nou xpEla~6tav no"lo£oAoy{a", anooe{XtTjKE6tl Kattxel tl~ OlaOtaO£I~ KOIVWVIK"~ AUSappo~ yla va Sla~a~£I~ Ilta EIpTjIlEP{Oa 6n(l)~ «To B11lla..· 6nou ouvt{STjOTj~.Tov KatTjYopouv 6n apvE{tal va unaKOOO£tatl~ 1Na~o<;, Iavouapl~ tOU 1947: ..ttOIXelID0'lr; EYWloll6<;Enl~aA01 n£AatElaKt~ axtoEIt; "tav 0 1l6vo<;aOlpaA11~op61l0~ Yla £nayOtOPIKt~ avaYKaI6tTj't£~ Kal vOIlOttA£IE~, 6n ouonlOtt{ ~ napaAEIaE KaSc avSpwno va nlOttuEI nro<;YV(l)p(~ElKaAa lCalan6 KaSe Y£AllattlC" Kal KOIVWV1~anoICataotaoTj Kal 01 K01Voj)ouA£unIl£vel aSuilpOpo<; aneVavtl Ot0ll<; ot6xoll<; tOll<;ono(ou<; Stt£l to KOISeollO( anOt£AOooav tTj STjIlOKpanK" £n(q><loTjIlla<; SlaSIKa").atK6 IC(VTjlla ... t"C1]vKa).OtEp1] n£p(1t'twoTj tOU avnll£tWn(~ouv anoljlTj tOY t6no tou. Kal 0 nlO all6plp(l)tor; oev StXEtal va xapao(a<; nou ot6X£ue OtOV ..t~IK6 anOKAt101l6.. Kal Ot1]v £vowllaoa ilia IS16ppuSIlTj KataOtao1], anoKA{vouoa, oav tva £AclttWlla KtTjPIOS" nw<; ayvod Katl an' 60a aUIlPalvouv ot1]v n£pLOx11nou twoTj tWV KOlVWVIK61v otpWllatciloewv OtTj SlaOlKao(a naAlv6pOta 6pla £v6<;aplota oXeSlaolltvou Kal ASItOUPY1KOO OIKOOOIl~~Cl lCal IClv£(tal. tc dSe neplcrraa1') Elval £tolIlO<;va IlIAl'Ja'l Yla S(I)OTj~tTjC;lCanltaAlonK"~ Kuplapx(a<;' 0' aut11 tTjv enox", OtO Ilatoc; KOlVWV1K(!)V OXtOEWV,tva e{00~ nEplSwplaIC"~ IpIYoupa~ 6Aa, Kal to lCaSctl txel Yl' aut6v t'lV lotop(a tOU, t'lV £~11Y'lol Seut£po 11106 tOU lletanoA.£llou ICal crrl<;apxe<; t1]<;O£Ka£t(a<;tOU nou OEIl£vel Kal Sev e(vat note IKavon01Tjllev~ an6 t(nOta, nou tou, to SPUAOtou. {".} ttOV avSpwno nou nA'lOI~tl IlE KanolO 'SO, 6nou Kal OtTj Na~o 'to KaSeOtc.lx;ISPU£ItTjVta~1] tOU, 0 ..no£XEItTjv av£oTj Kal tTjv tuxepEla va «aoxoAe(taIIlS nOAUteAeIE~": Ilan epcuVTJC;6aa tOY nsplPQnOUV, ~(I)vtava Kal aljluxa' OE Ke(AltiOttKOe; 'OIlIAO~ Na~ou .. 9£ATjOEva ouvex(oel tTj IlEA£'tTjtTje; OtiC;Il£pe<;Il~, dtw an6 to npOOtatEUtlK6 O(XtutWVnOAl't'lK61v vov nov vOlcilOCIta IlEyaAa tp(l)tl'Jllata nou ytvvoov ouvanavt1\Na~ou ..nou apxloav np61tOI 0 Hp6S0toe; Kal 0 APIO'tOt£ATjC;", en£Il~OTjC; Kal opyavWOTj<;tOU KOlVWVIKOU X61pou, TjSlaxdplOTj Ilata Ile I016puSllec; tICS'lAWatlC;0llaSIKl'Jc;KOlvWV11Cl'J<; ~w11r;'a' 6Na ouvexloel STlAaO" tTjVtpeuva yla tTjv aVadAUIjITj tWV xapatou Ilnope( va enltEUxSe( ota 7tepI961pla tTj<;entll~aOTj<;tOU Kpan010V auylC(vTjoev to au9oPIlTltO tpayooSI tTj~ xapa<;, ta A6Yla ICtTjPlotlKWVtTj<;ravror'1r~ twv avSpwnwv Kal tOU neplf}ciAAotour; _ np6vOla. tou Xapou, to napalluOt tOU SpaKoo, to Saulla tTj<;navay(a<;, 01 VtOC; O tO ono(o ~eSI1tAwv6tav KI avantuo06tav TlSpaOTj touc;, va E(vat ~tPata yvwot6 6n Tj EAAaOa oev Kattxel, 6nwc; Sa tTjC; 9PUAOIt(l)Vvcpatowv, 01 Aa(lCt~latopltc; Yla ta ta t60a opSa, 1l1npooeyy(osl KOlVWVld lpalV61leva Kal ~Tjt11llata TCepa Kal e~(J) cip~£, ta npwteia one; oU~Tlt"OelC;Kal on<; avtlnapaStaelC; Yl,a OOYKpelllolltva ~ epeln(l)lltva IlvTlIlEla tOU tonoo tOO, yeVVtt'tal an6 tOUe;oalOaAwoelC; IlTjXavIOIlOUC; tTjC;ICOIVWVIKO - nOAltIK"C; t'l) OXtOTjIletaeo nOAltIK"C;Kal KOUA toupac;. H gellatOAoyia yl>n1')ya(o to a(oSTllla tTjr; avdYK'1~ Yla ilIa ~SUtepTl yvcilal, Yla Kava ~sSlaMvel tTjv KataP(l)an6 to p6AO, tTj otao1] Kal tTj ASltOupy{a tOO Slavooulltvoo, nOla npoanaSela va eeStaAUv£1 Tl lCataXVla tOU SPUAOUKal t1')<; SlaSucao(ac; nou e(x£ tegel oe IC(VTJOTj, t'l)v avaYKal6tTlta va otpattuSe( 6x1 1l6vo Yla va yvwp(oel ana napaSooe(l)C;, tWV SelalSalllOVIWVlCal t(l)VnpoAl'Jljle(l)V,nou nUKvTt XVla noo nOKv" nSplpanel to ounpovo !tVtullatlKo neplex61lSvo ~w"c; tOU t6nou. Kl aoto( nou avtAapav to tpyo lCal Yla va lletaOXTlllat(oel tOY K60llO, s(val unotonwoTlC;. Anol>nEpl~ciAAEIto auyxpovo 1TvEullatllC6nepl£xollevo "C1]~KOlVWV1- tTjC;KOlVWVIK"C; aut6 l'Jaav 01 olavooull£VOI. Auto( S'I)AaS" nou TCATja(a~av"Ile ola~sl Tl Iplyoupa eKe(vTjtOU opyaviKovaiavOovlI£VOIJ, STj;"aS" tOO Kl'JC;~(I)l'Jc;tOU t6nou nOU ayana ... Kanolo Ilatl SpsuVTJC;"ooa toue; nepltPaAav' auto( nou tvoul)Sav avSpcilnou tTlC;KOOA toupaC; nou ae dSe neplnt(l)OTj yvwpl~el va ..ta ll&'YaAaepwt"llata nou yewouv aovanavt"llata Ile ISl6ppu6IlIC1tA'lPIDV£1 aalp£ic; eTCIMytc;Kal an6 tOO onolou ta epeS(ollata, lleC;eKS1')AWaelC; 0IlaS1K"C;K01V(I)V1Kl'JC; ~(I)11c;'"eKe{vol noo eaoYKItiC;ene~1]yl'Ja£It;, tit; npotaaelt; Kal "C1]opaaTj 1] KOlvwvla aqmnvlvouvtO an6 to tpaYOUOl, to napalluSI, tOOC;9PUAOue;,ta 1l10O~etal Kaillnope( va anolCt"ael ouvei01]oTl tOOeautou tTlt; Kal tTjr; YPKelllolltva 11epeln(l)lltva Ilv1')lleia toU t6nou tOUr;, eKs(voI, ttOUlataa1\C; t1')r;OtO xp6vo Kal OtO XIDpo.Avt(Seta an' 6,n Sa neM<;, atOll<; ono(ouc; yewl6tav «nTjyalo to a(ae1]lla t1')<;avaYK1]C; p(llevs lCavs(t;, outS IlEta "C1]lletanoAiteUOTj tOU 1974 o£v ellq><lv(Yla ilia paSUtepTl yv6lo1]'" Yla lCanola npoan6.Sela va ~solaAuv£1 Ot1]ICavKal Ssv avantUxS1')Kav tvtovs<; lCal £n(1l0v£t; O~Tjtl'Ja£l(; Tl lCataXVla «nOo nUlCv11nspIPQAAeI to aU'YXPOVO nvsullanIC6 nsleal IpIAOVlICe(ec; Yla "C1]vaUtOVoll(a t1]r;KOUA toupaC;, Yla tTjv ISlalPI£X6Ilevo t1]r; 1C0IVWVl~r;~w"r; tOU t6nou ... Kal to !tV1l0llatuc6 tep6t1')ta "C1]r; ICPltllCl'JC; SpaaTlC;t1')<;,Yla to SIKa(WJ.lat1')r;va QIlIpI. EtOl npoA6YI~C'0 IC.r. MeAlaO'lv6C; t1')VtICOOO1]tOU neploolneplllX61lSvo tTlr; 1C0IV(l)VlICl'JC; ~w"C; tOO t6nou to 1947, l'Jtav 1')ISeoP'I)tll(, aIC61la lCal va elval ~eyepalaKl'J lCal c;tvatpSntllCl'J,Yla to ICOU..Na~laIC6 Apxe(o",IlIQ tICSOO'lrtOI)Ota91]ICEota91l6C; atTlv 1- oAoy(a tTjC;naAlV6p9(1)01]C;,t'lC; snav6p6wa'lC;, tTjC;av6p9(1)O'lC;, OlapK11dwuvo otOV ono(o eKt(SStal, va y(vel o'lAao11 epyaAe(o otop(a tou nOAItlOtlKOU KI~llatOr; t'lC; Na~ou. MIQ tlCOooTltOU 'tOU slCouYXPOVIOIlOU. Mia Sla01Kao(a aUtapxlollou IlS flnlKelpat1')!;nOAltIK11c;Kal va fllCntoel os J!1]xaVIOIl6 KOllllatlK* np07ta..npOOOCUtlKOOOIl(AOUNa~ou .. nou ypa!p6tav an6 olavooull8A11c;tOV XwpoljluAalCaKal tOY KOllllatapx1')· ttl<; ouvel'JKec; autfr; YavSa!; Kal evawllat(l)01]C;, va anOtSAtaEI tva, Ilual;u tWVt60wv VOU<;lCal an£uSuv6tav npwtlota OtOUC;nVSUllatlICOOr;avepwnouC; eMXlotTj 11ll'lOalllv1\ npoaOXTt anoO(Se11lla 1C0IVWVIK11 Olatal;'l ci>..A(I)V, loeo)..oYl1C6IlTJxavlall6 tOU Kpatouc;. 'O,n OUvlatOOOE tTlC;£noxl'Jc;, .. a' OOOUC; Ile ayan1')lCafanlCivovtallle t'llleAtt1') tTlC; anc; nOAmandc; avaYlCec;,OtTjVnOAmotlK'l'J Kal 1C0lV(I)VllC1\ tao- IC(vOuvo anOtsAe( ol'JllSpa npaYllanlC6tTlta' ~OOIlStva vto IlENa~ou ...... tc ilIa enox11 rtOAltlICTtr;0111jI'lC; , OllCovolllK61vSPC1- tot'lta t'lC;, atov ..avSpwno tTlC;KOUAtOUpat;.., atO Slavoou~9o.l \ l(t'cJal(I)Va OtOv ono(o Tl 1C0UAtOUpaene~l'Jt'lOS ICal snt!;1')ts( va Ile7t((I)V,1C0IV(I)V11C1\~ tvS£la~ lCal nOAmanICl'Jc; tpOllolCpat'~· ota H npOtEpal6t1')ta nou an06(&tal O't'lv lCatalCt'l)aTlOA1ICcilv ~~~l • 7~ ,

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73 OOAa13TJSeinOAI"CIKa'OTOVonoto ava~TJttl Kal CItlOtWKEItTJVopytlvwo1\ t1]~ ano to Kpdroc, nA1]p61vOVta~oav avrlruro rriv nOAInK1\ epyaAELOnoiTJoTJ"C1]r;xm tOV EKIjIUAIOIlO tTjr; at KOllllatlK1\ nponayavOa. nOAltlKTt EpyaAtLOnoi1]aTJ lCal KOllllatlK1\ nponcyavon anon:Aoov Kupiapxa otolxda Hlr; nOAlTtOlllK"~ Ila~ ~w11r; K<ilTJiOla TJKOUAtOUpatvav ano rou; Kat' £~Ox" v IS£OAOYIKOUr; ll'lxavlollou.'tTjr; Kpatl~~ OAOICA1\pWOTJr;. oe thoLO cnueto 6lcrr£ va Ilnopoulle va 1l1MIlE Yla tva nOAItl1C6ouotTjlla xou napaY£1 Kal Olavtll£1 KOUA roupu, xou Aall13avEI6Aa ru anapaltTjta IlCtpa yla rnv nOAltlK" Il£OOAa~1]a'l nOAI'tIOtIKWVavaYKWVKal alt'lllatWv, rnv ouovevoaolncn roue u ' aHou e(SOOC;KalIpUOTjr;alt,,uarc. ttTjV nopeia autTt svrdcccnn Kal TjNa~or; xou, orav O£ lCaKOIlStaxelp(~£.tal rou; olavooullEVOUC;,napalltvel oKavSaAwS61C;aOlaIpOP'l an£vavtl rooc. ¢luolKa, an£vavtl o' eurov, tOY opyavlK6 Olavooullevo, ·KI 6XI 13ttMlIaantvaVtI OtO KaOEtltOIlO nou 0IpS(AEIrnv K01VWVIK"tOU napouo(a Kal tOV 1C01VWVlIC6 roo POAO OtTJOleUpUV0'lKal EntKtaOTj rou EKnalOEUtllCOU ll11xavla~IOu.Ot11 lla~IIC1\napaywy" Kal KOlvWV1Konoi110Tj nou Enlt0'YXaVOVtalcxo tlC; nOAmKtc; EntllPa01]r; tOU 1C01VWVIKOO KpatOUc;OIKa(ou. H 1pUaTj, 11SOIl11Kal 'l A£ltoupy(a tWV ll1')xavlallWV aot61v nap1\yay£ tva 1C0IVWV1K6 otpWlla IKavo v' aVtanoKpivetQI atl<; aVtlYKe<;Kal atlr; analt1\oelr; tOU tOllta twv UnTjpeolWv,IKavou va OUllllEttXtl evcpya OtT}vE~apSp(I)(J1]TWV"K6aIlWV t'l~ ~w"r; .., eloayoVtar; a' aOtOUr;tTjv IS£oAoy(a tou tKoU'YXpovlalloU. tT}r;tllnopCUllatlK"~ Kal lCatava)..WtlK1\c;oUllnepllp0pa.c;, Kal aV(Kavou va napaycl " va cuvo1\ael Kal va Ot'lP(~&lllla evaHaKtllC1\ npo<;tT}vlCanltaAlatlKl'JnOAltlatlKl'J ava1t'tU~11.To nOAltlOtlK6 KCVOnou KA'lPOOOt1\OTjKe()n6 tTjv KataOtpolp1\ t(l)V "K6aIlWV t1')<; ~w1\C;"KaMIpS'lKc Qn6 tTj "volloSeola twv ~p~apwv ..: aUt"~ tTj~ vear; ta~Tjr; nou nap1\yayc to Kpator; Kal nou Iln6peoc va ouvSuaa£1 ~IOIl1')xavIK11 lla~IK1\ KOUAtOUpa,Aai'Kloll6 Kal ICollllatlK" elln£OWoT}.tOnlKIOll6 lCal neAatelad~ OxtoElr;, napayovta~ ta KQAOtepa Ouvata YI' autl'Jv QnOtsAt0llata, EitE aq>opouoav t11VapXltCKtOvIIC1\Kal nOAeoSoll~K11aVt(A1]'V'l yla tOY X61po the alpopouaav t1]v avtlA1]IjITjYla to atollo, t1]v tonoStt1')aT} Kal to POAOtOUatTjv IC01V(I)via. To nElpalla nou ~EIC(VTjOE IlE to ..Na~laK6 Apxs(o .. ouvaVt'lae ypl'Jyopa ta 6pla t(l)V Sovatotl'Jt(l)v tOO KOIV(I)V1KOU nAala{oo Kal t1')~ E7tltpen6IlEVTJC; avox11c;. An6 to 1947 o£v £1lq>avlaT1')KE aAAo<; avrovoJ.lo~ nOAttlattK6c; 61l1AOC;at1') Na~o Ill: t6ao a1]llaVtlKl'J npoalpopa. 01 ll£tay£vtatEpOI npoana91]oav, antr; 1p0pt~ Ile e7tltux(a Kl aAAt~ olxwr; EnltUx(a, va aKoAouS1\aouv ta (xvrl " va 1l11l11S0UV £lCsivouC;1TOUouan&lproS'llCav YUP(l)an6 to ..Na~laIC6 ApXE(O", tx£06v teOa&pEIr; yevltr; avSpwnwv twv ypallllat(l)v Kat tWV texvwv 11aKoAOuS1')oavto llovaXIK6 Kat KA&IOt61C6a~tOt(l)V nOAt'tlOtIKWV&VOlaq>&p6vTwv toue; -Sp61l0 SOOKOAO,OQnav1')p6, En{novo lCal enroouvo, OEVnptnel va to ATjaIlOVOUIl£-, avanapayOvta~ tOY KopnopatlollO OtO nspl~aAAov tTj~ £nlot1\Il11r; Kal tWV nOAltlotlK61v EVOlalpEp6vtwv tOUr;aAAa npoolptpovtar; Ilar;, taut6xpova, ax&06v 6,tl a~16AoyO UnapX&1yUpro an6 tTjv tP£uva lCal t1')lltA.tt1') t'lC; nOAltlcrrlK1\r;Ila<; KATjPOVOIlI~11avaKaAUljlav to Xwpo t1')~ tKlppa01]<;tOO~ ota anOtpl(l)TlKa Kal XOVOPOtIS1\ oxl'Jllata t'l~ nOAltlKl'J<;uno - 1C0uAtOUpa<;.Kal ot'lllia lCal crrTJV aAA'lnep(nt(l)O'l, one; OUVS"K£e;tTl~ V~laIC1\e; KOlvwv(ae;,o'taO'lKaval)uvallol Kal aV{Kavol va aVtlll&'twn(oouv " v· aVtIOtaSouv' otOUC;Kup(aPX0ll<;KOIlIjIOpIOIlOUr;. Ano t11ll£pla to\)~ un"p~av'lA£ to KUp~ tOUr;, volllllonOITltllCo( napayoVt£r; tOU lCaOE10EOAOYIIC"<;an6xproa1')C; va~laKou 1\ KUICAa01KOO evtunou, uloOtt61Vtae; 1l1av arcoAltlK" ataoTj Kal aOllnSpllpOpa, KataOtpOlplK" Yla tllv


74 H Kotvosvia

Ilosruauo; xai nO.A.lnK~

reov nO.A.lrWV

t~tAI~tl tOU~ ol~ lilavooulJcvOlV Kal rnv avcintU~11 TI1~KOIVOlviCl~ tOU~ npo~ aVWTtpt~ nOAITlOTlKt~ Kal 0I1IJOKpaTIKE~1J0pq>t~:TO KUKAWlJaTaavepwnOlv Kal OUIJq>tp6VTOlV, 01 ntAaTtlaK£~ OXEOtl~ Kal 01 oTw60lt~ OXEOEI~anOTEAOUVIJEXPIOtlJ,lEparo nA-aimo OTO onolo KlVOUVTalOIOlaVOOUJ,lEVOITI1~Na~ou. An6 to 19470ev EJ,lq>aviOTT]KtOTT]Na~o noA.IT1otllc6~ 6IJIAO~11OUAAOY~ xou v ' apVdTW va TonOSEttlOtl to nOAltlOTIK6 Ytyov6~ o ' 6J,l01aKAiJ,laKa u ' ana y£yovota TT]~tnOXtl~' OEVuntlP~t nOAltlOTIK6 ntplOOIK6 nou va ~EK\Va uno rn OIKtl TOU~aOll, TO olavoovpevo. va tOY StOlpet Kal vo tOY avtlJ,lETOlni~EI oav auSunapKtT] oVT6TT]Ta,aUTOKa- , SopI~6IJevo, IJI: OIlCtl tOU IJVtlJ,lll, OIKtl tOU icropto, OIKt~ roo emI)tW~El~ Kal oKonouc;. 6EV UntlP~E anT] nOAltlOtlKtl npoonaSEla nou II' apV~fJIlKC va opoycvonol~(Jcl TOnOAItlOTIK6 aitl1J,la IJ' aAAa aITtlJ,lata: npaYlJan to ..Na~laK6 APXtlo .. Oc yvdJpl(Je TI1VnOAITIKtl IJtooM~T]Oll· napa TI1OlllJOKpatlKtl aVaVEOl011TOU1974 Kal napa tTl lJa~'K11, napouoia Kal TOVnpOlTaYOlVIOtlK6p6AO tl1~ ..apIOtEpa~ .. OTOvT]oi KaTa tTl OuipK£la Tll~ OtKa&Tia~ 1974 - 84. napa tl1V avciYKT]va EKq>paO'tOUV vEa KOIVOlVIKaaIT~J,laTQKal KOIVOlVIKt~avaYK&~, T] KaTc:iOtaoT] ocv J,ltta~A1\ST]Kt. H 4CaploTtpa... OTOoUvoA.6 Tll~. Ot OIEStT&Kal oc oiaSttEI KOIVOlVIKtlSEOlpla, Otv KatEXEI Kal OEVtlval ot StOll va napaYEI TOIhK6 tll~ A.6yo. cIluolKa OUTEKal nOAItlKtl Yla TOVnOA1Tl01J6.AvtiSETa. KapnWST]KEKal avtACl~E va IKaVonOltl0tl aOtlKa CKOUYXPOVIOtlK6 alttlJ,lQta. ~antl~ovta~ tT] olaxtiplOT] tll~ OtO tAO~ tOU Aa1K101J0U.l:TTlVunapxouoa nOAltlOtlKtl KpIOT] nou npoKA1\OT]Kt an6 tT]v KanlTaAlotlKt; EnIOpOIJt; Itp609tot tT]V KplOll vOIlIJ,l6tllta~ tOU KOIVOlVIKOU,nOAltloTUCOU Kal nOAltlKOu aplottpOU A6you. nOAITlOtlKo( OUnOYOI, £A&'YX6IlCVOI alt6 tllV ..aplot£pa ... aveAa~v va ~Olvtavtljlouv tOY Itapa000laK6 ItOAITIOll6 Ill' KOA~ Kal nAaoTIK6. tvw 11 KOllllatlKt; KOuAtoupa Kal to OUIlq>tpov tT]~ opyavOloT]~, IlC tOY .. KapaYKI6~T]" tItIKtq>aA11~, ultoKattOt110av Kal aVTlKattOtllOav Kage aAAI1 nl)6geoT] nou ouvat6 va unt;pXE apxlKU. KI evw Kal Otll Na~o YVOlpi~allt TTl OlaOIKaoia TT]C;nOAITlKOItO(T]OT]~avaYKwv Kal altT]llatOlv Kal tT]~ OT]IlOKpaTIKOnolT]Oll~.oev tYWE nOTt KaTaVOTlt6 6tl dval alt6Auta v61l11l0. ot~aOT6 Kal Itp6 to yeyov~ nOl~Kal to ano a'tOllo. T] anT] ollaoa. to aHo K61llla txouv Katl va nouv, 6tl 11 yvwJ,lll TOU~6XI J,l6vo Elval oE~aOtt; ana tXtl TO01Kal(l)lla va OOKIlla~tTal OtT]v npa~T], va nelpallat(~etal KOIVOlVIKcl Kal 6tl aUTt; T] npaKtlKt; ouvttAel OtT]v np6000 tT]~ KOIVOlv(a~. To ltaAI6 OUVtXIOCTTlVKuplapxia tOU Itcivw OtO yeo. 01 Acy6llcVC~aVaVtOlnKt~ Kal ItpOoOcunKt~ alt6ntlpc~ avanapayouv tOU~ KataOIKaolltvouC; onltopTouVIOIlO~, TOUC;napayovtIOIlO~, ta KUKAwllata. tl~ OXEOCI~Itatp(l)v&iac; - nCAatdac;, tl~ 1\0T]ltaAlt~ aAAa Itavta t600 cn(Kalpc~ KOpnOpatlotlKt~ Kal tOItIlCIOtIKt~ Stow;' ~T]tt;llaTa K~I KataOtaOtl~. OtaOelC; Kal tp61t01 oUllncplq>opa~1t0Uanon:Aouv tPOx0lttOTl Ot KaSt npooltaStla 1t0AITlOtlK1\C;Kal 0'11l0KpatlK1\c; npaICtIKt;c;. 6tv Sa 1\tav UIt£PJioA1\av xapaKtT]pi~aIlC c~'Cpepl(JflKti tT]v KOUAtOUpa StOJ,lWVKal avepwn(l)v Kal Otv Itptlttl ol6Aou va Ilac; napa~tv£uci TOyeyov6c; 6t\ 0 nOAItioJ,l6C; c~aKoAouO£i va ~tl ota ItCplSWpia tT]e; KO\V(I)VIK1\<; ~(I)1\~ OtTl Na~o.

II ria ilia 1t0AltlKt; np(l)to~ouAia, nou Sa npotpxetal an6 tTl OTlJ,1601aoq>aipa. lCal Sa c(val Ot StOT] va altOOWOCIOTOV1t0AItlOll6 tva p6Ao altoq>aolotllCtle; O'lllaoiac; OtT]v c~tAI~T] tllC; (JvviJerr" KOlvwv(ac; lJaC;Kal ucavtl. CItOJ,1tvC1K;. va ~CltepaOEI TTlVlCaTaOtaOl1 ItOU fJ6A.IC;ItcpIEypaljla. c{WI altapalt'ltoe; 0 ItpooOloploJ,16e; Ka-

nouev 1t0AU OUYKEKPIlJtvwv opuov. To npwTo opio aq>opa TOV iolO TO xapaKtripa tT]e; nOAITUCtl~ opaOT]~ nou, Oq>EiAOVta~va £v£pyt;OCI O· tvav OpIOSttT]J,1EVO toJ,lta 6n(l)~ elvnt 0 tOlltac; TOU1t0AITIOIlOU, ItpEntl vc Olat1'\p1\o£1 OtO IltyaAUt£pO ouvat6 ~aS1l6 tu OtOIXda TllC;aVtIK£IIJ£V1K6tTlta~ Kal tll~ aJ,1£poA Tlljliac; altevavtl or«; nOIKiAt~ 10tOAOYIKtC; ItpOtaOtl~ Kat Seoel~ Kal va neptopiotei, Il£ ru £pyaAtia TTlC;VOIlOS£nKtlC; Kal npoypalJJ,1atlKtlC; EntlJ~aOllC;. OtO va ouvTovi~£1 tiC; nOAITlonKtc; npOlTO~OUAIEC; 6nou KI 6tav £KOTlAwVOVtal Kal Oe olafJeTovv rnv IKav6tTlTa puSJ,110TlC; Kal OUVTOVI0J,10U. Av. aVTISErn, T] IKav6T11Ta aUT11UndPXE1,1'\1t0Alt1K1\ En,EIlPaOT]Sa nptnEI va rceplopl~Etal auot1'\pa Kal J,16voOtT]VcvloxuoT] rtov nOAltlotlKwv np(l)tO~OUAIWV- o IKOVOJ,l1 Ktl Kata Kav6va ti OT1'\0TlJ,1loupyla t(l)V npollnoStoE(I)V 11Otl1V 1tapoxt; t(l)V UnT]pEOIWVnou Sa tnltptnouv Otic; nOAlTloTlKEC;npwTo~oIlAiEC; tTlV aVEJ,l1t6010tT]e~tAl~tl tOuC;. H nOA.ITIK~ tSpa(JIl tSev npenBI va IJnoKafJ'(Jtd Ij va avtIKafJ'(J'Cd 'Co uxcOlaupo Tilt; nOA.ItI(J'CIKIjr; opaoar; t1 'COVnOA./tI(J'CIKOOIpopta. v· MOO(Ocl npovoplOVXa (JIlpa(J(a Kal 8t(JIl (J • OPI(J)JtVBt;nOA.ItI(JTlKet; rcP(J)'COpov).(et; Kal opa(Jt11Plo'CIlTet; KaJ lIa vnOTlpo. o.A.A.et;. 6n(l)e;Em01'\~ItptnI'l va anoq>tOytl va npopaA.A£1 11va OUIlPouAtuCI tT]v npopoAt; SEllat(l)v. tvtpytlt~ nou Ot1'\Vouola anottAoov ilia nOAltlK1\ tneJ,1paoT] KI Eva oIivoAo nOAltlotlKwv npotao£(I)v. AAAa T]nOAltlKT! Ot Ilnopti va anoX(l)plOttllllav ouolaonKti 1016tT]ta tTlC;:va 0101Ktl. 6c J,lnopei va rctP10PIOtti OTTlolax&{plo1'\ t(l)V npaYJ,1at(l)v,Cl0lK6tcpa TIC;Iltpt~ lJac;nou £i val OEOOJ,1EVT\ T] rcoAItlKti EntJ,lpaOT] tou KOIVWVIKOOKpatOu~ OIKaiou OE KaSc J,l0pq>1\Kal ox1\lla tT]~ K01V(I)VIKt;C; ~(I)1\c;.ria to A6yo aUT6 elvallt£plo06tepo napa 1t0tE EltltaKTIKT! Kal avaYKa(a 1'\\)1Cap~TlKal A£IToupy(a tOU rcOA.ItIO'tIKOV Klv~paTot;. To nOAltloTlK6 KlvT]J,la.ExovTa~ £nE~EpyaOte( tic; StOtle; tOU Kal TT]VnpaKtIK1\ tOU Yla tOY rcoAltI0J,16, I1noPE{ va npoq>uM~cl TTlV1t0Alt1Kt; an6 tKplaOtld~ Kat onnopTouVIondc; alt6ltElpCC; Kal EvtpytlEe; O· 6.tl aq>opa TT]oxtOT] tT]e; Ilt TIe;1t0AIt10tlKEC; np(l)TO~OUAiEC;Kat OpaOTTlPI6tT]ttC;. Tautoxpova npoOtatCUEI IlC tOY Tp61t0 aut6 Tll~ nOAltlOtlKte; np(l)TOpOUA(Ce; Kal anoSappuvEI TOUe;..avepwnoue; tT]e;KouAtOupac;.., an6 aUAlde; Kat oouAonpEn&{c; otaOCte; Kat OUIlItEP\(popt~.

01'\ Kal Olax&{ploti TOUOEuxopet va etvai evictc Kal 0J,10(6).10Pq>I1, aq>ouKal moe; K6AnOUe;TT]~iOlac; tTlC;UATle;Ot1'\Vonoln npaYlJatorcolEhal Tl EntJ,1PnOTlunapxouv Olaq>opE't'lKriC; q>UOT]e; Kal uq>tlc;~T]t1\llata nou Ilnopouv va ~pouv ~1'\A.OOTl1tOU tOUC;Talpla~EI udvov QVTonOSEtT]SOUV OtO cecro tn(nEOO Kal xsvrpo A11IjIT]C; tWV cnoq>aOE(I)v.Ynapxouv nOAltlonKll npOpA11IlQTanou uovo oro K01vonxo trc(nEOoJ,1ItOPOUV va aVtlll£T(I)rcloSouv Kal va AUSOUV.'AAAn ~pIOKOUVrnv KatanTlATl YI' aUta aVTllltTWnlOT] Kal AUOTlJ,16vo o' CmltEOOKpatlK6 KI ana. TtAOC;.PpiOKOUVrnv KaAUtEPTl lletaxdploTl TOUC; OtO vOJ,lapxlaK6 tlttnEoo: np6Ktitai Kllpi(l)C;Yla npO~A11J,1aTa nou ceopoov tnv npOwST]oTlKal a~lOrcO(T]OT]TTlC; noAlnOtlKT!~ Ilae; KAT]povoJ,1!ae;, t600 nAooolac; Kal ue t60Ee; 101a1TEp6tTltE~ an6 1tEPIOXt;OE ntplOxt;.

75 III

Av 6J,1wC; Tl 011J,1601a cectpo IJnopei va napaYEI. vo EnEIl(3alvcl VOIl09ttlKQ Kal npoypallllaTlKa xm vc opyaV(J)VEInOAltlOIl6, Kal to nOAITl0't'lK6 K!VT]lla unopet KI EXEITO OIKa(wlla va ETtEIJ~alvcl VOIl09EtIKU Kal npoypalllJatlKci TtpOKEIJ,1£VOU va opyavwoEI leal va PUSlliOtl TO rcOAItlOtlK6 cpyo, va anoq>uyel rnv rcoAITlKt; IJEOoAci~T\?T] Kal O).loytvoltoiT\oTl TOU nOAItlOllKOU aIYt;lJatoe; Il' aAAou EIOOUC; alt11J,1aTaKal npoooOKite;. Aut6 TOOIKaiwlJa npcrcEI va avaYV(I)piOEI Kal va anOOEXtti TO Kpdroq. AC;mipOUIJEOtio napaoEiYJ,lata, rorv PIPAI09T]Kwv Kal rtov uoocsiev, nou Sa Ila~ EmTptljlOUV va E~,aKpl~cbooUIlETIC;SEOIJIKec;Kal opyavwTl KCC;PciOCIe; yla tva vto TUItOnpowSTlOT]C;Kal 01l1000T]e;TOUlfOAI Tl0J,10Uom v'10i ).lac;:nOla J,10pq>tlC1tlSUIJOUIJC va npooM~El 11VO).l09E'C1Kti To 1toAltloTlK6 KlvTlJ,la 1tptnEI va t1tlOI~El tl1V anoSappuvoTl Kal npoypaJ,1J,latIKti pUeJ,lI011TOU nOAItIOtlKOO KlvtilJatOC;; tllC; taol1~ nou etA£1 va anoolOEI 10eoAoYIKa xapaKtl1PlonKci. H OXetlKtl VO).lOSEtlKtl pu9IJI011 npEn£1 va OtOXEUEIT600 Otl1 KOIlJ,1atIKaKplt11Pla Kat KiVTlTpa Kal va 10tOnOlt(tai TT]VIlKltpOolaOooll Kal TOYnOAAanAQOlaOIJOtOUC;o· oMK'AT]PI1 t1'\v CTtapownTlOT] lCaSEnOAlTIOtIKt\C; npaKtlKt\c;. H taOI1 aut11 EXtl KuplapXia 600 Kal Otov tnavaKaSopl01l6 twv nEplEXOlJtvwv Kal t(l)V AEIXt;OEI at tholO 0TlJ,1£(OwOtE to OUVOAooXEMv t(l)V nol.I notl'CouPYlwv 'C(I)V000 Kata napciooo'1 nOAITIOTlKWV8cOllwV tOu 'C6KWVrcp(l)tO~OUA1WV Kal opaotTlPloTt\t(l)V va tXt I t'1v avaYICT]tv6e; nou lJac;.H V0J,108ttlK11Kal npoypa).lJ,latlKtl cntllPaOT] oq>clACIva 10EOAOYIKOU Ola~atT]p(ou Yla va y(vOvtal aItOOtKtEe;.Kal T]ltaAla Enlq>UAQOOtlYla KaSE tnapxla ItpaYllaTlKouC; Kal OUOlaOtlKOUC; Qvt(ATlIVl1, ,,6nolOe; tXtl TTtVE~ouola tnlj3cinEI Kat tTl 8pT]OKEla.. p6AouC;OUVtOVIOIlOUKal npowGTJoTlC; Kal va anoolO£1 o'CTlvKOIV6va ClVtlnpoownEuCI aK6J,1a,OTOtlt(nEOO tT]C;opyav(I)OT]e;.tTlC;npotl1ta Kupl(l)e; AtltoupyIKa KaSl1KOVTQo· o.tI aq>opa tllv 1t0AITlOtlK!) opaotT]pI6tT]ta. Auta Sa ).Inopouoav Yla napaOtlY).la va EI~At;C; Kal t1'\e;OlaOoOTle;TOU1t0AITI01l0Uto Kp{mJ,10Kal anoq>aolOtl1C6 KPltt\PIO nou KaSopi~tl TTlV t1tltUxia t(l)V nOAltlOtlKWV val: Eltltponte; OtaXclPIOT]C;Yla tiC; PI~AIOS!)K'CC;Kal ta 1J0uotla. OpaOtTlPlotl\t(l)vaHa, EIt(OTle;.Kal tT]V KaTto9uvoT] 1t0Hwv olaOtl~ onOlte; 0 nAoupaAloJ,1~ Kal T] napouola 6Awv Y(I)Vnol.I tlOtlVOOUJ,1tV(I)v. "wv EKq>paOt(l)vSa elval Eyyulllltvrr T] npOWaT]OT]9EatpIKwv Kal To 1tOAlTIOtlK6 IdvTllla oq>tiAel va ~EnllpaoEI tTl otEVt\. TT]VeIJOUOIKWVnpoypaJ,lJ,1aT(I)v'Tl 0TJlJloupy(a OU).I~IEtoXIKWVopyavlOJ,1WV yla TTl OlaS£OT]T(I)Vanapaitllt(l)V OtiC; KOIV6tTlTEe;unT]pcnaPXIWtlKT] aVT!Al1lj1T]Kal olaotaoTl nou tXtl ICUplaPXt;Oel Yla TOYnOAltI0J,16: olaOtaOTl tTlC;onoiae; Tl 10tOPIKt\ KataY(l)yt; avtuOIWVWO~Cva y~VCtal ouvat" 11avantu~T] Y(I)VnOAITIOtlKwV np(l)plOKEtal OtTlV anal TTlOTlva anoolo£tal Kal va avl\KEI T]OlaxtipItO~OUAI(I)V.An 6Aooe; toue; nOAltlotlKOUc; SCOIlOUC; nou unap01'\ tTle;nOAltlOtlKtlC; nOAltlKt\c; ot J,1laKal J,16vovtopa, OTT]VKpaXouv autti tTl OTlYIl11OtT]v natploa ).lac;.01 PIPAlOStlKCC;Ilnopoov tlK11. A1tOttAEOJ,1atT]C;KataOtaOTle; autt;C; UnllP~E, an6 to tva J,1E- rctplo06Tt~0 Kal KaAUn:pa va OICKOIKt;OOUV t'1 q>uoloyvwlJ(a t'1c; nOA.IU(JtIKqt; KaroIK(at;: oav oPyavl01l6C; rcou an6 tTl Ilta rcAcupa apoe;, 0 ItCPIopI0J,16e;TTle;TonlKtie; tKq>paOTlC;OE uno - KOUA.tOUpa leal q>oAKA..opIK6tEllaXl0J,16 Kal, an6 to aHo IlEPOC;,1'\£Kq>6pT(I)OT] VtI7tPOO(l)7tf;UCI TTlouontlpwoT] t(l)V nOAltwv Kal TTlOUIl).lCtoXt; 6Oto KtVTPO.OtTl OTlll60la oq>a(pa.J,1lae;ataKtT]C; oElpae; an6 altt;ATle;tT]e; tOnIKr'!e; KOIV6tTl'Ca~(T] CltlTPOrctl OlaxclploT]C; nptnci va l1ata Kal npooooKiec; 1t0U Otv Kataq>tpvouv va ppouv altavTT]01') avtavaKAa OA6KAT]poto q>aolla t(l)V nOAITIKwv Kal 1t0A.ItlOTlKWV OUVaJ,lEWV TOUT61t0u) KaIItOU. an6 tT]V anTl. Otv rc£plOpl~ttal 1l6To OtUttpO 6plO aq>opa TO IttplpaA.AOV OtO onolo opaotT]pIOleat AUOT]OtTl q>U01K1\ topa TOue;.H tltapx(a, 1t0UKUV'1Ylttal tn!vo OtT] OUYKEVTP(l)OTl Kal olaoooT] t(l)V PIPA{(I)V aUa ClttKTt(V£1 1tOIOOvtal 01 nOAltlotld~ np(l)to~ouA(t~ Kal tfJnAeKEI allEoa to ",ova a7t6 tT]V n6pta an6 tTl OUYK£VtP(l)TlKr'!Kat OlloY&VOnOITltlKt; AatK6 nclHo, tTl (JvP)J8tOX~ OTle;np(l)to~ouA(£C; auttc;. Ana, tlt{Olale(ptoTl tou nOAltlOtlKOU alt11llatOe;, ~'avall1talvtlJ,11:olaoTpETT]VEnEIlPaOt; tTl~ OE Kaae rcoAItlOTlKti OpaOTT]pI6TTlta: a1(6 tTl IlOU01K1\we; to GtaTpo, an6 tT]V 'CEXVT] (l)e;tT]V napaOOOtaKt; KOUAOT]C;.aq>opa ta Ktvtpa A1\IjI1'\C; Kal arcoq>ao£(I)vyla tTlV 1t0AlTlottKt; PAwJ,1EVTl, KOp1tOpaTlotllCt; Kal t01tIKIOTlKt; 1l0Pq>t;an6 to ItapatOUpa. M' aut6 tOY tp6no. CKtOe;an6 TT]OUIlIlCtOXt;, to nOAItlaA.Aayt;. . Supo Kal KataA1\ytl va KaOop(~tl OAOICAT]PT] T'1VtSVIICt; KOUAtOUoTlK6 KlvT]lla tltlOIWKEI va OtaSEponoltioEI to IlEyaAUtEpO Ouva'Etot Tl nOAltlotlKr'! 1t0AltlKt; t(l)V q>OPE(I)V 1\ t(l)V 7tP(l)tOpoupa nou, oXI tuxala. taA.allt(l)ptlTat avaJ,1EOaat t07tlICIOtIKci OXt;t6 ~SJ,l6 aUTovolllac; o· 6,tl aq>opa tie; &lttAoyt~ t(l)V 1t0AITlOTIAIWV Oq>elAtI va ppel to 0PYQV(I)TIKOKal npoaY(l)ytK6 tTle;Ilnoll6j.lata ItPOOplOJ,ltva va 7ts8civouv Kal oe J,10pq>Ee; fJno~ptoJ,100 (aKWVrcPWtOPOUA1WV Kat opaOtT]pIOtt;T(I)V Kal. oU'YXP6vC1K;. va npolAIO OtO tnlltEOO tTle; tOnIK1\e;KOlVOtTlta~ Kal va ouvos8&( o· 6.tI q>01) J,16vo OtTlV np(l)t£oouoa elvat ouvaT6 va AaJ,1pavovtal oq>tpCt OTl~ 1tOIKiA&e;10&OAOYld~ eKq>plioCIC;tva A.alico Xwpo aq>opa t1'\ VOIl09&t1K1\ Kal 1tpoypallllatlKr'! PUSIlIOTl fJCto £napanoq>aotle; yla TO J,10vttpvo, tTl J,16Sa,tT]V 7tOAltIOTlKt; KapPltpa OuvaVTllOT]e;,OtOv orco(o Sa IJnopouv va opOUVt600 01 onnoptouXlaKo Kal vOJ,lapxlaK6 cnllt&oo 11Kal to KpanKo. KI autO Yla ouo IC.AIt.).T01tIKIOIl6e; Kal J,1nopaploJ,16c; avtlnpoo(l)ltCOOUV tiC; Otio 6vIOtl~Ee; 600 Kal 01 1l0plaKtc; nOAITlOTlKte; npwto~ouAiEC;. Kal va oUdlaoTlICOUe;;..6youe;:a) YlaT( tlval ouvaT6 va E7tltEUXSd 0 J,1EyaIjItlC; tTle; YCpoVTlKr'!e;aoSEv£lac; nou KaSopl~EI J,1£yaA..o Iltpoe; TTle; CnlOl(l)KOUVtTlV cnaA"SeuO!) TOUC;. AUtEP~ paSIl6C;,ouJ,1J,1ttOXr'!C; t(l)V nOAltwv OtT\V 1tOAlTIatllCr'! opaESVlKt;C;J,1ac;1tOAITlOnKt;C;~(I)tlC;. Ana, av 01 nOAItlOTlKOI q>Op&le;Kal oPWVt£~ StAOUVva avaOtTlPIOtllTa lCal P) YlatlJ,1ItOp&( va E~aoq>aA..10tE( TlanOttAtOJ,1anH 016KO(KT]0T]TTlC;autOVOJ,1(ac;Yla TIC;1tOAITlO1jlde;np(l)TO~OUyV(I)p(~ovtal C1K; q>optic;OIKa(ou npcrc£1va OtallaTt;OOuv va OUJ,1IlEK6tllta t(l)V YEV1ICWV KaTEU~UVOe(l)v.'On npElttl va altEq>tuyovtal Altc; leal opaotTlPI6TT]Tee;, 0 auot1'\P6e; oploJ,16e;tWV XWP(l)VEnellttxouv OT'1VOIlO'YEV01tolT]oTltou 1t0AlttOtiKoo alt1\llato~ IJ' aA01 yCVIKOAOyic~ Kal 01 pepJ,1naAloJ,1o(,0 AalKloIl6c;, tltE TT]~aplaaOTlC;t(l)V nOAlTlK(J)v tOU KOIV(I)VIKOUKpatoue; oIKa(ou. OtOAOu c{ooue; Kal q>OOTlC; altt;j.lata· ItPEIt£1va lfaljlOuv va EVTQOOOUV OTcpac;sitE t1'\e;OC~tac;,6tl 01 ytvlKte; lCatcu9UvocIC;ocv ItptltEI va XEUouVOtT]v altcA..cu9tp(l)OT]Kal a~lono{T]oT] t(l)V ttpaotl(l)v TOItIto nOAItloTlK6 a(TTllla OTOxwpo tT]C;~t;tT]O'1e;t(l)V "OTlllooi(l)v uaIXJ,1aA(I)t(~ovtal a1t6 TIe;tOntKloTIKte; OUVr'!SWle;Kal ta OUIlq>tpolC(J)v1t0AlTtattKWV ouWtOTl1T(I)v nou ouxva naAtUOUv Ilc ouo AUnT]p£olwv", Oq>tlAOUVva avnAI1q>80uv Kal va anootX'Couv. 6nw<; . Vta, VOJ,1(~w Otl e( val autov6Tlto Kal OIlVXPlJla~&tal va &1tIJ,1&{VOUOtiC; o(X(I)t; Olt~O&>: anO TTl IJla 11 KOJ,1q>oPIlIOTlKr'! oTaol1, Tl Kal to KpchoC; nptnEI va E~avaYKa09EI va TOarcooEXtEi, 6tl 0PIJ,lEatO oT]J,1doaUTO.EKt(vo 1t0Unpt1tcl (l)ot60o va TOVIOtt{ elval anOKtTlO'1 otEy'Tlt; 01' Kanola ICpatlKt; " KOJ,1J,latlKr'! ypaq>cloKpa0IlEVOl tOIlE{e; tT]C;K?\Vwviac; t(l)V nOAltwv (6nwC; Elval 01 OlJciocc; nwe; ocv unapxouv KUPEpvTltlKci tltln£oa, an6 TO KpatlK6 I1EXPlt; tla 1\ o· tva KUKAOOTlJ,1oo{(I)v OXtOEWV,altO Tl1v aAATl T]avapxlYEltOVIQc;.ta OUJ,1~ouAlaYEltOvlac;. 01 AalKtc; OUVCACUOtlC;. Ta VCOautO TTlt;tOnllC1\e;autoololKTlOTle;, nOll va KatEXOuv a7tOKA..slOtllCa ~oooa lCal avloxupT] t~tycpOT]. 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VT] evo(l)llat(l)Ol1 Kal XelpayroYl1ol1 rtov KOIV(I)VlKWVotP(l)llat(l)v. H opaoT] tl1e; ~IOIlT]xavlKtlC; KOUAtOUpae; OtO vnot Ilae; oe ern1:Konoe; tl1~ nOAl'tlOtlKtie; 1tOAttIKtie; Sev etvct TJ 061l110TJ EVOe;uIlata 1l0VO otO va ll£tOOiOEI OtaOEle;, avtlAtiIVEIe;. tp6noo~ ~(I)tie; nepta~IKou ouva07tl0llou, napaooolaKou tunou. OtOV onolo to KOI 10£OAoyiee;. EnExeiPTJoE KOI n£tuxe tTJV acpailla~TJ tOU 1tapaAalKa otpWllata exouv tOY unoo£EOtEPO p6A.o tOU eKteAeOtti Kal ooolaKou Jlae; nOAItl0JlOU EtO! roote otillepa va avtlllet(l)nl~oUIlE tOU 9Eatti. H KOlvonKti nOA.ltlKti ouonEip(l)oTJ Kal KlVTJtOltOtTJOTJ KploT] tautotTJtae; oav atOJlO Kat oav KOIV(I)via. 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TOUC;OV£A1tlOTOUC; op(l)youC; tTJC;·1:tTJ O£Kaeapioel touC; AoyaplaollOue; tTJ<;KOI va avall£tPTJ9d Ile tl1 Oe(l)Koetia 1974 _ 1984, "rcoAltlotlKoi» (popele; Kal KOlv6tT]tec;, napa pia Kal tTJV npa~l1 tOU autapXlollOU, o· 6nola 1l0PCP'; KI av tiC; 00TT]V £nEKtaOT] tT]e; «OTJIlOKptttlKonoiTJ0T]C;" KOI tTJV ovaKaAUIVT] vavtl)ooulle. elt£ tTJe; O&~lae; elte tTJe;aplOt£pae;. Kal va orooel tTJ tou AOOU(l)e;cpopta 1tOAItl0IlOU. oev Katocp£pvouv va £A90uv o· eJ,1aXTJYla tTJV nA.OUpaAIOtlKti A.UOTJnou enltp£nEI Ota KOIV(I)VIKU 1tacpti JlE tllV npaYIl<ltlKOtTJta t(l)V nOAltlotlKrov avaYKWv t(l)V nootpWJ,1ata va olaettoov to 0111l0KPOtlKO Xwpo £KcppaOt;<; tOUC;.KI AItwv' O£ Iln6p£oav va OIKooolltioouv ilia P(l)IlaAEo opyaV(I)tlK~ aKpl~OOe;otO nOAItlOtlK6 m:oio nptrcel va UltUP~OUV017tpol.l1t09t~roVTJ,aVOIKtt; OtT]V KpmKI) Kal £KcppaOtlKti ouvatotl1ta t(l)V KaOElC;'Yla ilia avnautaPXIKti OI£~oSO ano tl1V KploTJ tl1C;1tOA\tIK~C; tOIK(I)V. 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H Ot01tlOl1 nA.OUpaA10tlKrov OeoIlWV. on(l)~ tOU c<toOPloIlOU». tTJ<;uaIlEpIKavoKpatla<;", IlE ta onola 01 OtOUC;onoiouc; Ilnopouv va ow - unapxouv va ouv - ay(l)vl~OVtal T1J,1llla9dc; aV£Aopav va KaAulVouv to lCEV6nou acpTJve n{o(l) tOU Kal va enl~t~alOlvoV'tal oAa ta noJ..1tI0tlKa peullata t(l)V nOAltwV Ka1tltaAIOtlK6C; 0pulloy06C;: to IlttaoXT]llatlOIlO t(l)V KaVOV(I)V MAIl Kal. KOp{(I)~, 11 olaoooti tou<; Kal evepyti AeltOUPYIlCOtTJta t(l)V OIKovolllKrov Kal KOIV(I)V1KWV oxtoe(l)v. olaolKao(a nou e(XE TOUC;oe lCaOe KOlVotl1ta• avtlrcpoo(l)neuouv tl1V ouo(a auttic; tT]C; apxioei nOAu nplv tl1v tOupIOtlKOno(T]oT] Kal tT]V "elopoA~" tOU otpatl1YlK~C;. Mlac; otpatl1YIK~<; Il£ tT]V onola to nOAltlotlKolCi0lleplKUviKOU tponou ~O)tie;. H ta~TJ tOU KaO£OtwtOC;. 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o aUOtTlPOe; EA£YX0<;lCal T) ol£lCollCTlOTlt'l')<; avaperarpon~r; t'l')<; pIOIlT)xaVIKtle; lCal lla~llCtl<; KOUAtOupa<; OE KOIV(I)V1ICaXPtlOlj.l'l') napaY(l)ytl anoteAd OtpatT)YIlCtl tll<; nOAltlOttKtl<; nOAltllCtl<;. ttO OUYKeKplj.ltvo XciJpo Kal XPOVO to nOAltlotlKO K{VTJj.lanptnel va OU:KOIKtloel tllV 0IKo06Il11011 cA.er.JJt.p(J)v ,(J)VWV Yla t'l')V aVOIKttl Kal KpmlCtl au~tlt'l')Ol1 lCal avtllletciJmoll t(l)V npofaoerov. f(l)V npol:Ovt(l)V fTl<; pIOIl'l')xaVllCt1<;Kal j.la~llCtl<; ICOUAfoUpa<;. H O'l')IlOnICtl PIPA108~Kll nou oe 9a neplOp(~£tal Ot'l') OlaVOlltl tl oto oawnOIlO PIPAi(l)V ana 9a fa oU~T)ta lCal 9a avaAU£I' nou 9a npOEtOlJ.la~t:t OIOalCfIKt<; ouvavttloel<; Kal 9a ehEI O£ OU~tlt'l')O'l') olaepopEfiKte; nOAmonKt<; eJ.lnelpie<;. aVf~ 'I') oPyav(I)Ol1 lCal Atatoupyia t'l')<; PIPAI09tllCT)<; anOteAe{ fO IlOXA6 fll<; nOAlflOtlKtl<; nOAltlKtl<; nou anooKond va OUYKPOfTt0£1 eAeuSepE<; ~ciJVEC;auvElo'l')fOno(l10'1')<;Kal np(l)topouA(a<; Yla ta nOAltlOnlCa Kal ICOIV(I)V1Ka~'I')fTtj.lafa. 01 1C0IVOf'l')fe<;nptnel va Kaftxouv OUYKElCpllltva Ka9TtKOVfa yla tOY npoypallJ.lanOIlO t(l)V tOnlKwv nOAltlotlKOOV opaot'l')plofTtt(I)V Kal va olaSttOUv ilia K&VtPIK~ unllpeo(a PlpALOypaeplKtlC; nA'I')pocp6p'l')O'l')<;nou v· avtlllet(l)niCel lCal va AUVEIIle ouyxpovo tpOno fO npOpAlllla tllC; KataxciJPll0T)<;. H KOIVOtlKtl PlPAlO9tlK'I') J.lnopd v· avantu~el Kal olaepop&t1KTtC; epUO'l')C;nOAlflOtlKtl opaOtllPIOt'l')ta. aAM nptnel npLV an' oAa va eyyu'l')ge( t'l') olaepavela fll<; oP'Yav(I)tlKt1<; oUYKPOtll0~<; tll<; Kal f'l') AelfOUPYIKOt'l')ta t'l')<;. Ano to PlPAio ~eKLVaIlE Yla va nai~oulle 9tafpo tlIlOUOIKtl. yla va opyavroaoulle ilia trlleo'l') ~(I)ypaepllC~<;. OUvaVftl0el<; ~ ouvtSpla. Kal otO P1PA(0 tival anapait'l')fO va &nlotptljlOUlle cnelo~ avttnpOO(l)neU&1 Yla navta to KUPIO epyaA£(o Yla dge nOAltlOtlKtl npoooo Kal av(i1ttu~'I') t'l')C;KOIVOt'l')ta<;. T'I') xaOtlK~ epao'l') &nEKfa0'l')C;tIDV PIAPloO'I')K6>v Kal t(l)V nOAltlonKwv np(l)fopouAlciJv nptnEI va aKOAOu9tlOEI Illu epao'l') auot'l')PtlC; opyav(I)0l1C;. nOlotlICOO npoypaJ.lJ.lanoJ.lou ICUI. KUp((I)e;. OUV&X~C;1toAltlonlC~ eKna(oeuoll 6o(l)v aOXOAouvtal J.le.ta KOLVa lCal nOAltlofllca ~'I')t~j.lafa fOU toItou. t' o. tl acpopa ta J.l0UoE(a to npOpA'I')lla o~llepa evton(~etal to00 Ot'l')v avaylC'I') fTlC; (opUO'l')e; vt(l)V (Yla ltapaoelYlla AaoypaeplKOOV)600 teal Ot'l')v opya\l(l)0l1 t'l')<;A£ltOupy(ac; tIDV ~S'I') ultapxovt(l)V oome va KataotOUv evepya. KI eociJ elt(ol1C; o'l')J.lavtlteO J.ltpo<;

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va ~'1J.lCpW(1CI. Ta rpavTa(1J.laraeivai (1I)J.lPOUAO,1 «axoi. K~ av eKe/VOreou -J.lt(1a 0't0 oox; reAeov- c¢aKo)"ouOel va napauevei aVe¢tlYl1w, &v O'UJ.lperva (1uJ.lneO'clue tnv anopia (Yla~i 0X' ~e T'IV nlatn.) rou aOwou nou ap(Jpwvel ra rpuO'IKaatoueia (nrwvrec evav Beo neptaaotepo avayvoipiatuov, reapaIT110efreuta «at KaA" ono tnv Iloinan. Apxeui nopaotnoose T'IV Op'1voo(1a MalvaJa nav(J) (1ra «opuui nou xeitovuu XaJ.louercczt5tlaeu; us, Ta xepla (1ae;.nponvouuivox; ra (1TpayyaA./(1are.Ktu ptpala w(10avcral onoooakx; ato Kapva/ld.A.1 onoioc vruO'1KCAlapo)"oe; - aUa orav '1 Yloprtl nape/ reJ..ot;: , , 'Exw r'1\1 evrun(J)O'I1on ntpaO'a J.llav OA.OKA'1P'1 ((J)'1IJ1,axvovrat; yla Kan ro ave¢apyop(J)TO. Eat va. nou Oa (1ea(/J?pI(av rpuivTa M17rponoAmit5et; J.la(f, ()ewpw roy uAcvralo a(Jwv nou ncpa(1c avaj.leaa J.lat;. At; e(val KaAa '1 Vtl(1ot;rwv narepwv aou novae nap(lJ(OAOo017O'e Wt; TOtPap - OvtO'r Kal (J)t;roy K,OYKK OYK. A no KCI K).'1POV()J.l'l(1et;TI1V apertl va MV &Ieyelpelt; r'1

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Έτος 1, τεύχος 4/5, Σεπτέμβριος - Δεκέμβριος 1985