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August 2014

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Works In Progress

WORKS IN PROGRESS On the move to save money, create jobs, and to reduce our carbon footprint The silica sand mines of Wisconsin— the new proppant of fracking Estrategias para un movimiento populista

Eventually, the businesses that depend on the 5th Avenue Dam will have to face that dam removal is inevitable. They will need to come to the table and discuss how to make restoration work for their business and for Puget Sound. We cannot continue to externalize costs at the expense of the environment. —Dani Madrone, Education/Outreach Coordinator for the Deschutes Estuary Restoration Team

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Washington's Governor Inslee dishes up a compromise on recommended fish consumpton and cancer risk. Why has the State delayed in breaching the 5th Avenue Dam and returning Capitol Lake into an estuary? 391,000 — poem by Old Growth Collective member Brian McCracken

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Thurston County is stepping up to reduce its carbon foot print -- Thinking globally, acting locally

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Thurston County’s farmland is disappearing! (and what the Community Farm Land Trust is doing about it)

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A better world is possible: Strategies for a populist movement

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The future of space science: Toward building a space-based society

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Feeding the beast in Wisconsin: On meeting the demands for silica sands of the fracking industry August 2014

— Works In Progress —

August 2014

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established in 1990 by the thurston county rainbow coalition Works In Progress is a free, all volunteer-operated progressive community publication based in Olympia, Washington. Opinions expressed do not necessarily reflect those of Works In Progress and are solely those of the authors.


Please send text as Word attachments. Artwork and photos can be sent electronically or we can scan them for you as camera-ready/black & white. Works In Progress is committed to stories misrepresented or ignored by the mainstream media. We value local, well-researched news stories, accounts of personal experience and reflections by local authors. Opinion pieces, also valued, are often best supported by facts, examples, and sources, and we encourage writers to include these elements to submissions. We’re also looking for graphics, poetry, cartoons, and articles that push the boundaries of conventional journalism. WIP reserves the right to publish in whole or part all submissions. For editing purposes, please enclose your phone number. Articles may be reprinted. Please cite sources. If your issue isn’t being covered in Works In Progress, it's because you aren't writing about it! (Or haven't found someone else to cover it!) Send submissions to olywip@gmail.com or mail to Works In Progress, PO Box 295, Olympia, WA 98507-0295.

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WORKERS IN PROGRESS Editing: Bethany Weidner, Dan Leahy, Emily Lardner, Enrique Quintero, Rus Frizzell, Scott Yoos, Stephanie Frizzell, and Sylvia Smith Layout: Sylvia Smith Proofreading: Bethany Weidner, Dan Leahy, Emily Lardner, Enrique Quintero, Rus Frizzell, Scott Yoos, Stephanie Frizzell, and Sylvia Smith Writers’ Group: April Adams, Dan Leahy, Desdra Dawning, Emily Lardner, Enrique Quintero, Erin Palmer, Fred Bridges, Jordan Beaudry, Russell Frizzell, Sylvia Smith, and T. Belle Graphics: Vince Ryland, April Adams Mailings: Jeff Sowers Finances: Pat Tassoni Website: Emily Lardner Distribution: April Adams, Creighton Rose, T. Magster, Marylea Coday, Sandia Slaby, and Scott Yoos, and with room for more!

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On the front cover — A Better World is Possible Graphic Artist: Vince Ryland

August 2014

Works In Progress

NAACP, CWA call for ‘strong, legally enforceable rules’ on open Internet Washington, DC -- The Communications Workers of America (CWA) and the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) support action by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) to adopt strong, legally enforceable rules that will safeguard an open Internet. In comments submitted to the FCC today, CWA and the NAACP said that the Commission’s rule must be “consistent with the need to promote job-creating investment and closing the digital divide.” T he ne e d t o up g r ade ou r communications networks to worldclass standards is critical. In the U.S., that expansion depends on private investment to build the next-generation of broadband networks, and that investment results in “far more and typically better paying jobs than the application and content sectors, particularly for people of color,” they said. That’s why the rules adopted by the FCC to ensure an open Internet also must ensure “that there is sufficient future investment and job creation to propel not only economic opportunity but a permanent bridging of the digital divide.”

That means the Commission must ensure that its open Internet rules provide incentives for investment in truly high-capacity networks that provide everyone with the bandwidth and service quality they need to access the data-rich and video-intensive applications on the Internet. This principle follows the vision laid out by the Commission’s National Broadband Plan. “With enough capacity, people do not have to worry about ‘fast lanes’ or ‘slow lanes’ or the degradation of nonpriority service,” they said. CWA and the NAACP supported the Commission’s 2010 Open Internet rules, and those rules have worked. This year’s action by the D.C. Circuit Court of Appeals vacating the Commission’s “no blocking and anti-discrimination rules” did provide a blueprint for the FCC – based on Section 706 of the Telecommunications Act of 1996 - to move forward with a “commercially reasonable standard” that addresses blocking and discrimination. “The Commission’s mission now, following that blueprint, is to put its three main rules – full transparency, no blocking and no unreasonable discrimination – on sound legal footing, in order to foster continued investment by broadband providers while protecting Internet freedom,” they said. CWA and the NAACP propose building on the 2010 Open Internet Order to continue to balance the two important

It’s a great time to relax out of the heat of the summer and listen to a wide-range of poetry and visit with other poets. The Olympia Poetry Network Wednesday, August 20, 6:30 - 8:00 pm Traditions Cafe 5th Ave and Water St, downtown Olympia This month's gathering will feature an allopen mike. Folks are encouraged to B.Y.O.P (poems) to share. Please keep it 3-minuteslong, or under!)...just come to listen/enjoy!

policy goals of Internet openness and network/edge provider investment. An analysis of expenditures by 14 of the largest publicly traded network providers and 11 of the largest publicly traded edge providers in the 2011-2014 period (the years after the 2010 Open Internet Order took effect) found that network providers’ capital investment at $193.1 billion far exceeded the capital investment by edge providers of $36.7 billion. This investment has a direct impact on jobs. For U.S. workers, and especially African Americans and Hispanics, network providers employ at least three times as many people as edge providers. Almost all the 870,000 employees of the 17 largest network providers are in the U.S., not the case for the 280,000 people employed by the edge providers. African American workers have a larger share of jobs at network companies, from 12-14 percent, compared to holding just 1 to 4 percent of jobs at the four leading edge providers. —Communications Workers of America

CWA represents 700,000 workers in communications, media, alrlines, manufacturing and public ser vice, including more than 300,000 who work in the communications industry. The NAACP is the nation’s oldest and largest civil rights organization, dedicated to fighting for social justice for all Americans.  

The Community Rights Movement and the health of the Salish Sea Forum: Saturday, September 13, Noon Follow up: Saturday, September 24, 7 pm The Community Rights for South Sound study group invites you to take part in a forum to discuss the possibility of developing a community rights ordinance that would improve the health of South Puget Sound through protection and restoration of estuary environment and the daylighting of creeks that discharge the South Puget Sound. Forum location is not set yet, details will be available at www.communityrightssouthsound.org as the particulars are sorted out. Save the date. Contact info@communityrightssouthsound. org for more information.

Showing at the Olympia Film Society Obvious Child

August 1 through August 6 Friday, August 6, 6 pm Post-film discussion w/ Planned Parenthood ...a wonderfully offbeat film about, yes, an abortion. Jenny Slate plays a stand-up comic who gets dumped by her boyfriend and loses her job. Her life unravels further after a drunken one-night stand (Jake Lacey) leads to an unwanted pregnancy. —Mara Reinstein, Us Weekly


Whitey: USA v Bulger

August 15 through August 20

Whitey ran the Irish mob in Boston for nearly 30 years without a single arrest. How did he get away with it? Pretty much everyone concedes some level of official corruption and complicity. In his trial, Whitey admits to bribing pretty much every officer of the law he came into contact with... the evidence suggests that only corruption on a large, systemic scale could have sheltered a criminal as massively guilty as Whitey for decades. —Godfrey Cheshire, RogerEbert.com

The Grand Seduction

August 22 through September 3

September 5 through September 11

Create a fictional family of four. Visit them once a year, filming them as they grow older and more self-aware over a period of 12 years. Then edit the material into a feature film that runs close to three hours and borrows its title, “Boyhood,” from Tolstoy.

. . . a group of dispossessed men—fishermen now forced to rely on welfare checks, an ambitious young doctor whose values have gotten out of whack—rediscover their sense of identity and purpose, in this case by way of a plot development that not every viewer will find particularly salutary. Still, The Grand Seduction will effortlessly charm anyone susceptible to an endearing story told with modesty, wit and unprepossessing sweetness. Seductions don’t always have to be grand in order to work.

It sounds like a stunt. But the result is the year’s most captivating narrative experiment, and possibly the most engrossing coming-of-age movie in the history of the genre. —John Hartl, The Seattle Times

—Moira Macdonald, Seattle Times

C a p i t o l Th e at e r , 2 0 6 F i f t h A v e n u e S E , d o w n t o w n O ly m p i a

WORKS IN PROGRESS Volume 25, No. 4

Serving the Olympia community and the cause of social justice since 1990.

391,000 Julian Assange sits across from a bleached teeth Botox mannequin of a journalist. 391,000 leaked classified documents and CNN can’t ignore their lies anymore. But she asks him instead about the irrelevancies of a whistle blower in the spotlight like he’s running for congressman. This canary turns tabloid super star. Media spectacle extraordinaire. And 391,000 leaked classified documents drift into digital obscurity. As if there are not enough refugees for media integrity yet As if there are not enough corpses to fill 60 minutes. There is no space in between commercials for any more tears. Dry your eyes, lean back and listen to a word from our state sponsors. In another life I sit across from Farrah—16. Amputated arm and burn marks on the right side of her body from picking up an unexploded ordinance when she was nine. I wonder if that day I saw her on the news I wonder if she was one of the dots in the cameras embedded in B-52s. I remember... I remember tracers flashing on a night vision green screen. I remember phrases like “Shock and Awe” I remember my Dad crying in front of the tv as I came to political consciousness. She remembers... She remembers waking up to Armageddon at 5:33 She remembers her neighborhood like bread crumbs. She remembers her baby brother... but not his name.

August 2014

Gov. Inslee dishes up compromise Washington State proposes new fish consumption rates and risks

practices. Increasing the FCR also puts pressure on the state to reduce storm water runoff. Preventing pollution from storm water surveys, the EPA set a fish consumption runoff is the Puget Sound Partnership’s rate of 6.3 grams per day. In 2000, the number one strategy for helping restore Emily Lardner EPA increased the rate to 17.5 grams the health of the Sound (http://www.psp. Governor Jay Inslee just announced per day. The higher the estimated fish wa.gov/action_agenda_center.php). It’s his intention to increase the official consumption rate, the cleaner the water also a huge challenge. Storm water is estimate for how much fish we can safely needs to be. Likewise, maintaining a essentially rainwater that can’t sink into eat in Washington, from 6.3 grams per lower fish consumption rate leads to the ground. When rain falls on hard surfaces, like roads or parking lots or day (about the size of a Ritz cracker) to lower standards for water quality. roof-tops, it picks up 175 grams per day (about whatever contaminants 6 ounces). are there, and runs This decision about how much fish we eat Inslee’s proposal is political. While proposing downhill, into storm will determine how the consumption rate be increased to reflect the drains or into streams or rivers, or soaking clean the water in which the fish swim needs amount people in the state eat, he also proposes into whatever low spot is permeable. It brings to be. The more fish along whatever it has we collectively eat, the an increase in the acceptable rate of cancer. washed along in its path, cleaner the water needs including pesticides and to be. Pressuring Businesses and toxins. Reducing storm water pollution The Clean Water Act of 1972 set Municipalities calls for a diverse set of strategies limits on the amount of mercury R a i s i n g Wa s h i n g t o n’s f i s h effecting zoning and development, that can be in public waterways. The mercury limit is based on estimated consumption rate (FCR) puts pressure transportation, and industry, all of rates of fish consumption, because on industry and municipalities to which are hot buttons for the “get mercury accumulates in the tissues of reduce the discharge of pollutants that government off our backs” folks. Pushing for more stringent storm carnivorous fish. In the 1980s, using find their way into our waterways and it information gleaned from national calls into question certain agricultural 4 FISH CONSUMPTION continued on page 11.

Still waiting on restoration of the Deschutes estuary

LOTT treatment facility for nitrogen pollution. This claim has already been rebutted and dismissed by Ecology. Yet, in a recent public meeting hosted by lake supporters, Dr. Milne was asked if he would advocate damming other estuaries to improve water quality. His answer was “yes.” Meanwhile, Ecolog y diligently continues the research mandated by the Clean Water Act, always with the nitrogen loading from Capitol Lake.” same conclusions of deteriorating Dissolved oxygen is critical to water quality with the dam in place. Dani Madrone underwater ecosystems. As the green The Capitol Lake Adaptive Management As the summer passes, it’s difficult mats of algae perish and sink to the Plan (CLAMP) committee voted to not to notice the green algae blooms bottom, the decomposition process restore the estuary in 2009, after years Some day this will all be a bad memory. in Capitol Lake. Those who spend time removes ox ygen from the water. of peer-reviewed research. Dam removal around the lake have noticed the smell Insufficient dissolved oxygen leads remains on the near-term action Someday, as I drive down the Turnpike of soggy decay. Trash skirts the area to dead zones, since life cannot exist agenda of the Puget Sound Partnership Maybe I won’t stop for the toll. where Lakefair just took place. It does without oxygen. and the list of priority projects of the Maybe I will disregard the speed limits. not take a scientist to Puget Sound Nearshore Maybe I’ll test my luck. know that the water is Ecosystem Restoration Maybe the toll booth will be an army unhealthy and neglected. P roject. More a nd Eventually, businesses that depend on the 5th checkpoint. And that is exactly what more people in the Maybe the camera will be an M16. the scientists are saying. Avenue Dam will have to face that dam removal community are raising In a recent publication Maybe it will flash fire instead of light voice to remove the is inevitable. . .We cannot continue to externalize their from Department of dam. pierce my Honda’s carapace Ecolog y, they state: costs at the expense of the environment. What stands in the with 30 perfect circles, tear sheet “Overall, the Capitol Lake way? First, let’s follow metal like paper-mâché dam has a detrimental the money. shatter my windshield into impact on Budd Inlet dissolved oxygen Those who wish to maintain Capitol Capitol Lake has a direct benefit for 391,000 glass tears concentrations. The negative impact Lake have rallied around the work of Dr. the Port of Olympia, the Olympia Yacht and turn my skull into powdered sugar. results from the combined effects of David Milne, a retired Evergreen faculty Club, and Fiddlehead Marina. Since Don’t cringe. circulation in southern Budd Inlet, who claims that the lake improves water 1951, only minimal sediment amounts 4391,000, continued on page 2. carbon loading from Capitol Lake, and quality for Budd Inlet by acting like a 4RESTORATION, continued on page 10.

After years of research, why does the state continue to delay dam removal?

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August 2014

Works In Progress

U.S. House of Representatives again rebuffs attempt to repeal Davis-Bacon Act

An open letter to our clean energy governor on crude oil and coal by rail

WASHINGTON, DC -- The following statement was issued by Sean McGarvey, Carol Seaman President of North America's Building Trades Unions, upon the defeat in the Carol Seaman,a resident of Grays Harbor, House of Representatives, by a vote of lives close to the beautiful Chehalis River 181-239, of an amendment to the FY 2015 near the site of a recent grain derailment. Energy and Water Appropriations bill that would have denied funds for the Dear friends, enforcement of the Davis-Bacon Act: Looking at the Governor's Office "North America’s Building Trades press release archives for May and Unions are pleased that a significant June—seeing Gover nor Inslee's and bi-partisan majority in the U.S. directive on crude oil and the current House of Representatives, including EIS for crude oil proposals for the Port 46 Republicans, today recognized the of Grays Harbor—one feels empty— inherent value of the Davis-Bacon Act in empty words. Not properly addressing protecting community wage and benefit the known risks of crude by rail to standards in construction. citizens across this State. This oil "The Davis-Bacon Act is sound and explodes. This oil is impossible to clean proven public policy. In the absence up. There will be a spill. For what it's of prevailing wage laws, contractors do worth, I am compelled to send another not compete on the basis of who can communication. best train, best equip and best manage Compare this empty directive to the a construction crew. Instead, they many press releases made in recent compete on the basis of who can find the weeks by our governor stating the cheapest and most exploitable workers, good and powerful actions he's taking either locally or by importing labor from for clean energy and carbon emissions. elsewhere. Impressive, but that flies in the face of "We sincerely appreciate the fact that a strong bi-partisan majority in the U.S. 4391,000 continued from page 1. House of Representatives agrees with this common sense reasoning." Death is vulgar. And the American pacifist —Building and Construction Trades is addicted to the same violence as Fox The Davis-Bacon Act requires that News. all contractors and subcontractors performing on federal contracts (and Maybe then I can forget. contractors or subcontractors performing on federally assisted contracts under the related Acts) in excess of $2,000 pay their No longer will I hear the same laborers and mechanics not less than the screaming voices fall on deaf prevailing wage rates and fringe benefits major network microphones. listed in the contract’s Davis-Bacon wage I won’t see dissenting veterans determination for corresponding classes come home in one piece only to of laborers and mechanics employed on have their bones broken by police horses. similar projects in the area. Davis-Bacon I won’t be baptized in pepper spray. labor standards clauses must be included I won’t breathe tear gas like freon in covered contracts. and get fucked up on futility. I won’t deliver poetry like a death rattle. —United States Department of Labor

Six-day mail clears major hurdle

The canary watches his CNN interview. The journalist looks confused and repeats “I have to ask that question” as he apologizes, takes off his mic, and walks out of the studio. I can smell his sickness through the screen. Like 391,000 leaked classified documents aren’t enough to fill an interview.

the proposed crude oil projects, as well as coal, here in our Ports of Washington. Do you suppose his advisors have not told him what is happening in Grays Harbor...Vancouver...Cherry Point... Olympia...that people are restless? Treaties are being broken. He needs to know. Send a message, today! Come to Grays Harbor. Help us honor the lives lost so far to a vast expansive plan for bringing Big Oil exporting to our ports. We can share with you some valuable information on three proposed oil projects, Westway, Imperium and U.S. Development—companies planning to put all at risk, here. These first two companies are now being reviewed

with full EIS (Environmental Impact Statement), after failure in the first round of applications (SEPA). Big Petroleum gets a second chance to monopolize our port, with a plan to bring in 2.7 billion gallons a year for storage, barging to tankers and out along the last wild coast in Washington with $300,000 "donated" by our legislature and given to our governor to help the cause. Write that message—to the governor—write it today. Leave your comments at the Governor's website: (fortress.wa.gov/ es/governor/) or send a letter. [The Governor's address is on the sample letter below.] Please. Write today. Feel free to plagiarise all, or some, of my simple, possibly desperate, words. My letter goes like this:

Governor Jay Inslee Office of the Governor PO Box 40002 Olympia, WA 98504-0002 Dear Governor Inslee: Pray tell, why doest thou remain so silent? Oh my…where do I begin. Our “clean energy” governor. Let’s begin with this— we are out here waiting for you to drop a line—to us...not a directive to the Department of Ecology. No offense intended, but do you think we are dim on the clean vs. dirty energy issue? How on earth can you brag about being against (imported) coal generated electricity, and allow the putrid, arsenic ridden coal trains to come to our ports, polluting Washington; then export that coal elsewhere (east of here) so it can be burned–killing people there (east of here) and coming back to visit us in the form of some seriously polluted carbon emitting air? Which way does the wind blow, Governor…with you, and coal and crude oil? Please, step up to the plate—you are supposed to be the steward of this pristine State of Washington! We need your assistance in this fight against coal trains and terminals and crude oil trains and oil tank "farms." Coal rears its ugly head; Cherry Point, up near Bellingham promises to be the largest coal exporting terminal in the United States! Cherry Point—home of the Lummi Indian's "Xwe'chi'eXen"--sacred site. Is it just me, or have others written, thinking we're selling out our state, our people and our environment—putting all at risk for Big Petroleum—so "it" can make a bundle. What are we getting for this sacrifice? For pete's sake, Big Oil already makes more than $167 billion in profits per year. The largest profits of any other corporation in the world. So, you see, this is a global issue. Must we now sell out this state—the State of Washington? Sacrifice our environmental integrity, health and safety, so Big Petroleum can increase their profits? Astounding—shameful—while you commiserate and comment and answer questions on the state of marijuana, on clean energy, on everything but coal and "crude oil by rail" promising to barrel through our communities, down the Columbia River Gorge, crossing more than a 100 streams, literally taking over the rail system in the State of Washington, including our Ports.

July 16, 2014 -- The full House of Representatives voted Wednesday to preser ve six-day mail deliver y appropriations language by passing We are in danger! The "Gold Rush" mentality being demonstrated regarding H.R. 5016, the Fiscal Year 2015 Financial crude oil from the Bakken Shale needs to be rethought—with the citizens in Services and General Government mind—and the serious risks involved to our waters and people. In Grays Harbor, (FSGG) appropriations bill. alone, 31% of our jobs are directly or indirectly related to the fish and shellfish The base bill was introduced last industry. This is serious. One spill, one explosion—it is all over. While you are month without the six-day provision, —Brian McCracken singing the praises of clean energy and proudly signing those papers, why don't which has been part of appropriations you sign a little paper that says: bills for decades. But following extensive Brian McCracken is a poet, activist, and lobbying efforts nationwide, that No crude oil by rail in the state of Washington. Its cost is not worth the risk language was successfully reinserted youth ally living and resisting in Olympia, and all is at risk here… into the bill that was approved on WA. He is a founding member of Old Signed X________________ June 25 by the House Appropriations Growth Poetry Collective and lives in a Committee, thanks to an amendment house full of dyslexic poet revolutionaries. co-sponsored by Reps. José Serrano (DNY) and Tom Latham (R-IA). Additionally, House Oversight and Government Reform Committee Chairman Darrell Issa’s (R-CA) last-ditch attempt to remove the language during the House rules process was defeated eastsidesmokecompany.com earlier this month. Esc “Today’s victory is a major one for 2008 State Avenue NE in Olympia n 360-350-0385 the NALC and our activists who have pressured lawmakers—and continue to pressure them—to support six-day mail delivery,” NALC President Fredric Rolando said.

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August 2014

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Works In Progress

Homelessness Leadership Summit

Beginning a new community conversation Discussing what works and what does not

and faith communities. We have good strategies, good work, and good intentions, yet it seems we’re often at odds, spinning our wheels or lost in the messiness of the issue. During the day and a half long summit in May, over 40 people representing service providers, law enforcement, dow ntow n business ow ners, developers, elected officials, funders and individuals formerly experiencing homelessness engaged deeply around the question: “How can our community respond to the homelessness issue in a healthy,

On the second, full day of the summit, participants identified principles of how they wanted to work together that day and going forward. These were edited into principles that could be read at the Theresa Slusher start of future meetings. Next the group learned about a model called the Cynefin Framework which A small g roup of concer ned is helpful in clarifying the difference individuals met earlier this year to between simple, complicated, complex craft the invitation for the first Olympia and chaotic challenges and offers Leadership Summit on Homelessness. new approaches to communication, The opening lines of the invitation read: leadership, decision-making, and policy“It’s time to have a different making in complex social environments conversation about homelessness in such as the homelessness issue. The Olympia, one that acknowledges the group wrote on large index complex nature of the issues and cards what is working now and seeks to build an atmosphere of mutual understanding, learning ...our community has a lot to be proud what is needed around the issue of homelessness and placed and innovation. One that helps us work better together as we of with respect to our response to the them in the quadrant that best represented whether the address these challenges in our community. One that shapes homelessness issue...We have good item was simple, complicated, next steps in a powerful way”. strategies, good work, and good in- complex or chaotic. One of the final activities of I was one of those concerned individuals who crafted that tentions, yet it seems we’re often at the Summit was called “Open Space,” where those who wanted invitation. Who am I? Well, I’ve odds, spinning our wheels or lost in to host a small group discussion been struggling with that very on a topic of their choosing question lately. the messiness of the issue. could do so and others were Having worked in homeless free to join or table-hop as they and affordable housing for government and non-profits for 20 compassionate way that will transform liked. Eight topics were chosen to be years, I now find myself with a business the status quo and lead to wise actions?” explored, discussions took place and On the first half day, using the notes were taken. Over the course of the license and a shingle I’ve hung out that says: “Independent Consultant for World Café process, small groups met next eight months, I will share with you Hire”. While I am working on several around tables focused on the following the eight topics that arose from this day and a half summit, this first community contracts that deal with homeless and questions: affordable housing, I chose to be a part 1. What’s happening in our commu- conversation of this kind around the of convening the Homelessness Summit nity around the issue of homeless- concern of homelessness in the Olympia on my own time, as a community ness that captures your attention and area. The Olympia Homelessness Summit member, a parent, a hopeless Pollyanna where are the spaces of greatest poswas meant to be a convening of leaders, and now, as a small business owner. sibility or innovation? but it was also meant to be the start of In clarifying the need and purpose of 2. What’s going on that’s important (the a longer community conversation. This the summit, this group recognized that key insights) and especially focusing series of articles for Works In Progress our community has a lot to be proud on the places of possibility? What’s is a way of sharing this information of with respect to our response to the important in the background? with the broader Olympia community homelessness issue. They understood that we have a strong contingency of 3. Where do we as a community get to inform you, to inspire you and to stuck and need a different kind of generate energy around the problem of leaders and people who care – from leadership or innovation? homelessness that is positive, solutionbusiness, philanthropy, social service, oriented and community-driven. I will try to provide information that lets the reader know how to get involved. For starters, please visit the Facebook page Homelessness Leadership Circle of Olympia, which is dedicated to continuing this important conversation. Graveyard ceiling Thank you for reading and please stay tuned… Smashed on sun I sleep under death

What Summer Means To Me 2014 Night falls bringing bugs to my little light

To me, Executioner Applying my trade without guilt but for the moths who exit in dust, mocking my own frailty But for those that buzz and bite I will not apologize And even now they agonize Pondering what it will take to clear their dead from the drywall Barbecue? Smack! Burgers? Smack! Hot Smack! Dogs? Smack! Beer? Smack!

Special Events Hiroshima to Hope

Wednesday, August 6, 6 pm Green Lake, Seattle

Ground Zero is a sponsor of the annual From Hiroshima to Hope lantern ceremony. In addition to music and speakers, participants can create their own lanterns to float on Green Lake. The event is located at the northwest corner of the lake.

Ground Zero Hiroshima/Nagasaki Commemoration Weekend Friday/Saturday, August 8-9 Ground Zero Center hosts its annual Hiroshima/Nagasaki remembrance weekend every August. The theme is MUSIC NOT M.A.D.NESS (Mutually Assured Destruction). And there will be plenty of music during this two day event - by Chele’s Kitchen, Jim Page and John Palmes (all the way from Alaska). Music will also feature prominently at the Bangor gate on Saturday!!! Bring your camping gear and find a spot on the beautiful grounds at The Center. There is a potluck supper on Friday evening, and we will provide other meals. In addition to lots of great music, you can join in a 24-vigil in addition beginning Friday, and a vigil and nonviolent direct action on Saturday.

Olympia REALLY Free Market Sunday, August 17, 1 pm - 4 pm Sylvester Park Capital & Legion Way, Olympia

Free music, food, comedy. We’re setting up the Really free market, a free gift economy in action, in which you bring things you don’t want and take away things you do.

Come to the Party - Sign the Petition in Person or Digitally

Saturday, August 23, 10 am - 4 pm Yard Birds Mall 2100 N National Ave, Chehalis, WA The Northwest loves Weird Al. Yard Birds Shopping Center is hosting a petition to have Weird Al visit Lewis County again. We hope to host an autograph signing or other appearance. If you cannot attend in person, you’re going in spirit anyway! Come to the annual BirdFest party. Sign this petition in person. Be there or be bored! We’ll also be making the petition fan-video at BirdFest. Get in the video and tell Weird Al how much Lewis County loves his band. If you can’t attend, here’s how you can help before AND after the party.

Love Our Local Fest 2014

Sunday, August 24, 1 pm - 9 pm San Francisco Ave and Bethel St NE, Olympia 4th Annual Love Our Local Festival in the heart of the Eastside neighborhood of Olympia! Featuring as many of the Olympia area’s finest offerings that we can fit in the streets. Musicians, artists, healers, artisans, great food, children’s activities, dancing, playing, and more. And it’s FREE! There will be no vehicles driving through the busiest intersection on the Eastside we get to inhabit the streets together as a community and enjoy a beautiful late August day in celebration. www.loveourlocalfest.org There are still spaces left for artisans to vend, healers to reserve space in the Healing Haven, for non-profit organizations to reserve space, for musicians to perform and the email addresses are all at the website to connect with the festival in these ways. There are lots of really fun volunteer opportunities as well! Our 3 fold mission: Celebrate Our Gifts ~ Cultivate Community ~ Dwell in Possibility

Smack! Smack! Smack! Cat, too, has the summertime blues Patchy coat turning black to red Fat but acting underfed Fleas? Please cease! Jeez! And dogs everywhere, panting like they own the world Poop, piss, lick, scratch, bite There’s my summer: day and night


Kenneth is an Evergreen grad. He spends his days sleeping, reading outside with cat in lap when weather allows, buying records at Rainy Day, and working on art projects. He spends his nights stocking products at a convenience store.

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Agenda Now Awaken Muslim Christian Agnostic Jew Americans Palestinians Israelis All of you Brothers sisters cousins family Discontinue division Multiply peace Become one house rising Healing understanding Mending atrocities With threads of hope Stop contributing to Death pain hate Plant gardens of Seeds of love Conversation Illuminates The darkness of war Halt Sexism Racism Mutilation One breed Together stronger Equally humanity Learning to entirely Eliminate abuse Cuddle more Warm hugs Cease fire Desist apathy sleeping blindness Embrace happiness Laziness is ignoring Oppression anywhere Give compassion everywhere Cooperation is group ascension Set intentions to Be helpful End ignorance anger Start Unity Friendships support groups Community Deliver understanding Educating one another Lend a hand up Mend the broken cup There is enough Compete for The greatest trophy Peace for everybody Now begin to break bread Then we reach the goal One temple earth Lovely home This agenda I can not produce All on my own Lennée Reid is a truth seeker, nature lover, poet and spoken word artist. She has one child and lives in Olympia. She can also be found on YouTube.

Works In Progress

Thinking globally, acting locally

August 2014

and emission-reduction strategies by the Governor’s Climate Legislative and Executive Workgroup (CLEW), it is also possible to estimate the reductions likely to be achieved in Thurston County over the next few years due to state and federal policies already in place. Accounting for these reductions, and considering what using more renewable energy, and would take place without any of these Tom Crawford reducing our carbon pollution. policies (“business as usual”), we still Over the past several years, our need to reduce our Thurston County Global warming and climate communities have made important carbon pollution by about 1.4 MMTCDE disruption are with us. We are seeing the efforts toward reducing our carbon by 2020 in order to meet the Sustainable Thurston target. melting of Antarctica’s massive glaciers, footprint. The 2010 GHG inventory also tells us widespread drought in California and ƒƒ Several of our local governments have the biggest source of carbon emissions: the Midwest, unprecedented storms made concerted efforts to improve electricity and natural gas used to and flooding in New York City and the energy efficiency and reduce vehicle heat and light buildings (52%), and Phillipines, and wars in the Middle East fuel consumption within government transportation (45%). So these are the caused in part by drought and food operations. This has resulted in cost areas for us to focus on: making our shortages. We are also experiencing local savings as well as reduction of carbon buildings more energy efficient, getting effects, from increasing risk of wildfires emissions. more of our energy in our buildings from to record levels of rain and flooding. All of this is driven by greenhouse gas ƒƒ In 2009, Thurston Economic De- renewable sources (for example, solar and velopment Council, in partnership wind energy), and reducing our use of emissions that result from human with Thurston Climate Action Team petroleum in our cars and trucks. It turns activities, including use of heating and (TCAT), received a federal grant to pro- out that in pursuing these climate goals, lighting our buildings and driving our there are amazing opportunities cars and trucks. to reduce costs to individuals, Looking at who suffers and will suffer the most from climate Refusing to sit idly by while their companies and government organizations, while creating jobs disruption, it’s becoming clear that low income, rural and minority people suffer, local communities are and improving our economy. Though the county and cities populations tend to pay the leading the way while creating jobs, can make important progress highest human costs. From the rural residents of Washington, reducing energy costs, and improv- through ordinances and other regulations, financial investment Oregon and California suffering ing public health. will also be required. It costs from drought and wildfires, to the money to complete energ y Native American communities vide energy efficiency services to local efficiency retrofits for a home or business, in Western Washington experiencing homes and businesses. Now called to promote use of solar technology, depleted salmon runs and coastal Thurston Energy, this program has and provide incentives for purchase of flooding of their communities, those with since expanded to a five-county area energy efficient vehicles. Many of these limited resources and few options tend to and reduced energy usage and costs initiatives can yield significant cost bear the largest burden of these disasters. for hundreds of homes and several savings. For example, if 1,000 Thurston In addition, we know the impacts will businesses throughout the county. County residents switched from a 20grow in severity over the coming decades, leaving our children, grandchildren and ƒƒ To determine exactly what our local car- MPG vehicle to a 40 MPG vehicle, that those yet unborn—the most vulnerable bon footprint is and to help set targets would reduce our emissions annually by among us—to face the consequences of for reducing greenhouse gases, TCAT about 5500 MTCDE, and would save each our addiction to oil and coal. completed the first-ever greenhouse driver around $500 per year. Another important area for reducing With state and national politics gas inventory for Thurston County and our local carbon footprint is improving gridlocked in partisan bickering, it can all jurisdictions. This inventory tells us seem that local communities are helpless in detail what county-wide emissions energ y efficiency in homes and in the face of the monumental national were in 2010. It is now being updated businesses. About one-third of Thurston County households live in rental units. and international problems due to to include figures for 2011 and 2012. Since renters pay utility bills, landlords carbon pollution and climate disruption. Refusing to sit idly by while their people ƒƒ Several community solar projects have don’t have much financial incentive to been completed or are underway, in- make energy efficiency improvements in suffer, local communities across the cluding the Olympia Farmers Market, their units. Public investment in tax or country and around the world are leading Olympia Timberland Library, and interest rate incentives to make it more the way. As they take aim on reducing Olympia City Hall. attractive for landlords to make these their carbon pollution to minimize the impacts of climate disruption, they are ƒƒ Zoning regulations for local jurisdic- improvements could help bring down tions have been updated to allow for our GHG emissions. This would help also creating jobs, reducing the strain on electric vehicle charging stations. renters save money on their energy bills, infrastructure, reducing energy costs, and improving public health. A recent report ƒƒ The Thurston Regional Planning and make the rental units more attractive by Local Governments for Sustainability Council (TRPC) completed a three to potential tenants and so have the (ICLEI) presents several reasons cities are year sustainability planning program. potential to generate more income over leading on climate action: Called Sustainable Thurston, its re- time for the landlord. Thurston Climate Action Team has ƒƒ Many emerging climate change risks sulting plan included strong targets started a conversation with some local are concentrated in urban areas. for reducing carbon emissions, based elected officials about how to raise local on the Kyoto Protocol and the findings ƒƒ Climate change impacts on cities are money to support clean energy and of the International Panel on Climate increasing. Change (IPCC). These targets are that climate activities. TCAT has also been ƒƒ The world’s urban population is foreemissions within Thurston County be learning from other communities— cast almost to double by 2050, increasreduced by 25% from 1990 levels by Boulder, CO and Jackson, WY—which ing the number of people and assets have launched public financing programs 2020, 45% by 2035, and 80% by 2050. exposed to climate change risks. dedicated to clean energy and climate In 2010, greenhouse gas (GHG) investments. ƒƒ Steps that build resilience and enable sustainable development in urban ar- emissions in all of our communities There are several other climate related eas can accelerate successful climate are estimated at around 2.8 million 4THURSTON COUNTY, continued on page 5. metric tons of carbon dioxide equivalent change adaptation globally. (MMTCDE). Though we don’t have ƒƒ The greatest potential for mitigating measurements of 1990 levels for the greenhouse gas emissions may lie in county, based on what we know about rapidly developing cities in industrial- statewide emissions that year Thurston izing countries. County emissions are estimated at

Thurston County is stepping up to reduce its carbon foot print

Thurston County has progressive about 2.1 MMTCDE. Using the work of political and business leaders, along last year’s state-level study of emissions w it h a n eng a g e d community and several local non-profits and interest groups working on sustainability and climate change. We’re 3 floors to explore • Restaurant • Bookstore also fortunate to have Directions from Olympia progressive statewide policies encouraging South on Interstate 5 r e n e w a b l e e n e r g y, Off at Exit 82 (Factory Outlets) including solar energy, East on Harrison Right on Pearl renewable fuels, and energy efficiency. So 201 S Pearl & Locust we’re very well positioned to make significant Open 7 days strides toward improving 10 to 5 our energy efficiency,

Centralia Square Antique Mall

August 2014

Works In Progress

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Thurston County’s farmland is disappearing! (and what the Community Farm Land Trust is doing about it) not just the preservation of farmland, applies for and is awarded funding but the adoption of focused strategies to purchase farmland, and identifies to transfer land to a new generation of interested farmers to partner with. The According to the American Farmland growers. farmers purchase the buildings located Trust, between 1982 and 2007, the U.S. Here in Thurston County, the South of on the land, but not the land under the lost 23 million acres of farmland to the Sound Community Farm Land Trust buildings. Instead, the farmers sign a 99development. This loss occurred in (SSCFLT) is uniquely poised to tackle year lease for the land under the buildings every state in the nation, and it occurred these challenges. Based in Olympia, and the farm acreage. This arrangement disproportionately on the most fertile, SSCFLT consists of an all-volunteer allows the farmer to build equity in the prime farmland. working Board of Directors, two part- buildings and gain secure access to Thurston County is no exception to time staff, several dozen volunteers, and prime farmland with a relatively small this alarming trend. In fact, according a membership of about 145 households. investment up front. to WSU’s Thurston County Extension, The mission of SSCFLT is twofold: to Where does the money for farmland since the mid-1950’s, Thurston County preserve and protect working farmland, preservation come from? A key source has lost over 75% of its working of SSCFLT’s funds for purchasing agricultural lands. At the same farmland comes from Thurston time, the population in the South County’s Conservation Futures Sound continues to grow, and SSCFLT’s work is predicated upon the Program (CFP), a land preservation the need for a thriving local food program created to protect system has never been more belief that it’s not enough to simply threatened land in Thurston pressing. protect farmland from development; County. The CFP funds come Meanwhile, the average age of from a property tax levy, and can farmers in the U.S. is increasing it is critical to ensure that local farm- be used to either purchase land (the average age of a U.S. farmer or the development rights to a land continues to produce food for piece is 58.3, according to the 2012 of land. Thurston County Ag Census). The number of the South Sound community. homeowners pay approximately young, beginning farmers is 3.85 cents per $1,000 of assessed increasing too, but with farmland property value. Since 1990, nearly disappearing and property values on the and to keep that farmland accessible and $14 million in CFP funds have been rise, those new farmers face significant affordable for local farmers. SSCFLT’s invested in the community. The Thurston challenges in accessing farmland. The work is predicated upon the belief that it’s County Board of Commissioners National Young Farmers Coalition not enough to simply protect farmland allocates CFP funds on an annual basis (NYFC) has identified access to land as from development; it is critical to ensure through a grant application process. one of the central barriers facing new and that local farmland continues to produce SSCFLT has been awarded funds three beginning farmers. In their September food for the South Sound community. years in a row! 2013 report, Farmland Preservation 2.0, Here’s how SSCFLT’s approach to SSCFLT acquired its first farm in the NYFC calls on land trusts to prioritize farmland preservation works: SSCFLT 2013. In partnership with Tenino based non-profit Creekside Conservancy and 4Thurston County, cont. from page 4. the next several months that will con- local organic farmers Colin Barricklow activities and initiatives taking place tain more specific goals and actions and Genine Bradwin of Kirsop Farm, locally. Here’s a sample: for reducing our GHG emissions and SSCFLT established Scatter Creek Farm for protecting our communities from & Conservancy (located near Rochester). ƒƒ Thurston County, partnering with coastal flooding and other expected The property includes nearly 100 acres of Puget Sound Energy and others, is exclimate change effects. prime farmland with water rights, which ploring ways to turn waste into electricity using anaerobic digester techSo Thurston County is on the move to are owned by SSCFLT and dedicated nology. save money and create jobs and to reduce to sustainable local food production. ƒƒ TCAT is holding the 2014 Thurston our carbon pollution. Will we be able to An additional 48 acres bordering Solar Tour to showcase several homes move rapidly and boldly enough to create on the Chehalis River are owned by and businesses that have successfully a clean energy economy, and protect Creekside Conservancy and dedicated adopted solar technology. This year’s our communities—especially the most to conservation for wildlife and the Solar Tour is being held Saturday, Sep- vulnerable among us—from the worst protection of salmon habitat and water tember 13 from 10 am to 4 pm, and the effects of climate disruption? That will quality. Kirsop Farm purchased the historic hub will be at the Olympia Timberland depend in large part on how well our Library, 313 8th Ave SE, Olympia. (The government, business and community farmhouse and several barns, and library recently installed a solar array leaders come together and bring focus is leasing 63 acres of the Scatter Creek on its roof.) This is a self guided tour and resources to bear on local climate property. They currently have planted 7 acres of spring grain, and are hosting a of ten sites throughout the county. It efforts. WSU oats trial. They sowed carrots and allows folks to learn more about how well solar works in Thurston County, Tom Crawford has lived and worked in brassicas in early July for fall harvest, and and the financial advantages to install- Thurston County for the past 25 years, and in fall, they plan to sow winter grain.  ing solar for your home or business. Kirsop is also collaborating with Liza is current Board Vice-President of Thurston ƒƒ TRPC has committed to completing Climate Action Team. He can be reached at Judge and Marianne Copene of August Farm  to convert the property’s old a regional climate action plan over tom@thurstonclimateaction.org.

Addie H. Candib

milking parlor into a WSDA certified poultry processing facility. The facility will allow both farms to expand their poultry production to meet growing demand. They’ll be able to process up to 20,000 birds per year, and to sell their product at farmers markets and to local restaurants. As of July, the facility is almost complete and nearing final inspection! 

 Meanwhile, Rochester-based Kendra and Cory Meek and their family are leasing one of the loafing sheds on the property to raise animals for the Thurston County 4H Program. Drive by on a sunny Sunday afternoon and you’ll see local youth halter training their calves! 
 Other local farmers, including Wobbly Cart Farm and Flying Cow Creamery, are benefiting from the property too, leasing space in the buildings to store equipment, hay, and more. Only in it’s first season, Scatter Creek Farm & Conservancy is proving itself to be an incredible resource for the local farming community. Meanwhile, SSCLT continues to work on other acquisitions and grow its inventory of permanently affordable farmland. In 2013, SSCFLT received Conservation Futures funds to preserve one acre of land in West Olympia, farmed by local non-profit Garden Raised Bounty (GRuB). Since 1993, GRuB has worked with youth and people with low incomes to educate, empower, and grow food. Preserving GRuB’s one acre farm will benefit the whole community by giving the organization long-term security and the ability to continue its program in perpetuity. SSCFLT hopes to finalize the GRuB acquisition in the fall of this year. In July of 2014, SSCFLT in partnership with Capitol Land Trust and Creekside Conservancy, was awarded Conservation Futures funds to acquire another farm in South Thurston County. That acquisition is just in the preliminary phases, so stay tuned. The last several years have been a period of incredible growth for SSCFLT, and now, more than ever, the organization needs your support. Attend an event, volunteer, become a member, or make a donation. Remember, without farmland, farmers can’t grow the tasty, nourishing foods we know and love. Addie H. Candib is the Philanthropy and Outreach Coordinator forSouth of the South Community Farm Land Trust. To learn more about SSCFLT, go to farmsforever.org.

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August 2014

Works In Progress

A better world is possible

Un mundo mejor es posible

Strategies for a populist movement

Estrategias para un movimiento populista

of a new majority electorate haunts the dreams of the Southern Right, scaring Enrique Quintero “the daylights out of them.” This new electorate is interracial, intergenerational, Dedicated to Sylvia, who is not born yet anti-poverty, and pro-labor, and works Dedicado a Sylvia, quien no ha nacido and has no choice but to live in the world to reform ballot laws. Its last successful todavía y no tiene otra opcion que vivir en we have made for her until she begins to appearance was during the Obama el mundo que hemos hecho para ella hasta change it. elections, first and second terms. Aware que ella comienze a cambiarlo. of the transformative potential of this The end of lamentations El final de las lamentaciones electorate—Moral Monday rallied more Under the title “Progressive Strategies than 80,000 interracial people to a Bajo el título "Estrategias Progresivas en in a Populist Moment”, The Nation (July protest in Raleigh, NC last February—he un Momento Populista", La Nación (julio 7-14) published a collection of articles advocates for “A deeper language that 7-14) publicó una colección de artículos written by ten leading progressive gets into people’s souls and pulls them to escritos por diez líderes progresistas que activists who talk about how “we can a new place. Labor rights are not a left or hablan de cómo "podemos construir el build power to effect real change, not right issue. Women’s rights are not left or poder para lograr un cambio real, y no es simple fend off reactionary assaults.” right; education is not left or right; helping simplemente defendernos de agresiones Given the relevance of the proposals people when they are unemployed is not reaccionarias". and the different tone and discourse of left or right. Those issues are the moral Dada la relevancia de las propuestas the articles, a tone that leaves behind the center of who we claim to be as people. y el tono diferente en el discurso de los semi-traditional “whining and sniveling” For him, political power will emanate artículos, un tono que deja atrás el semiof the American left, this article aims out of the forging, throughout the Unites tradicional "de quejarse y lloriquear" to present our readers with a critical States, of a wide spread coalition of de la izquierda estadounidense, este summary of the main economic, political, artículo tiene como objetivo presentar a and ideological strategies proposed. nuestros lectores un resumen crítico de las principales estraegias económicas, e A populist moment or a moment of Rev. Barber argues that the políticas e ideológicas que proponen.

Enrique Quintero


An accurate characterization of the specter of a new majorpolitical reality we intend to transform ity electorate haunts the is essential to the success of any political project. In the introductory article to dreams of the Southern this issue of The Nation, “Stand Up and Fight”, Robert L. Borsage maintains that Right, scaring “the daywe live in a populist moment. Populism lights out of them.” This is a term that suffers from linguistic malleability, making it hard to define. new electorate is interracial, Historically, it has been used and abused in American politics, like a multicolored intergenerational, antiquilt covering estranged bedfellows, poverty, and pro-labor, and such as the left wing agrarianism in the late 1800’s; the so-called Populist party works to reform ballot laws. (Progressive Party) of Theodore Roosevelt in 1912; the movement behind George Wallace’s presidential election in 1968; fusion politics along the lines of the new and the Populist Party of Willis Carto electorate. He invites us to “stop being that was used to support the presidential a thermometer” or limiting ourselves campaign of KKK member turned to measuring social discontent, and Republican and then Democrat David concludes by posing a challenging Duke in 1984. question: But Borsage is more interested in "I want to know, are you ready to fight? showing evidence of the growing God has given us everything we need; ascendance of populist opinions in all we need to do is fight back and fight America than in defining the term. He forward. And, if we do, our children will points out how: “Poll after poll shows that holler our name[s] because in the time of broad majorities hold populist opinions— challenge, we did not give up." on investments, taxes and trade; on curbing Wall Street; on cleaning out The power of labor Washington—that are far removed from Very few people would dispute John those of the elites. Democratic pollsters Locke’s statement that all wealth in now advise their clients to talk about society is the product of labor. Among the working families, not the middle class, left, even fewer would disagree with Noam because more and more Americans don’t Chomsky’s affirmation that Labor Unions feel part of the latter.” are the leading force for democracy and For Borsage, the Occupy Wall Street progress. The new populist progressivism Movement, by unveiling the inequality is equally aware of the power of labor but affecting 99 percent of the population, in the words of Sarita Gupta, the executive opened new possibilities of organization director of Jobs with Justice, we need new and at the same time shifted the debate organizational models able to empower from issues of identity to issues of working men and women so “they can economics. Given the levels of social collectively demand the public policies dissatisfaction in America, we indeed and corporate practices that allow their live in a populist moment, characterized families and communities to prosper.” by the growing awareness of the disparity For Gupta, workers’ empowerment between the interests of the people and would take place through the creation those of the elites. of new forms of leverage, particularly beneficial for contingent workers who The indictment of the present and a are “excluded from labor-law protections moral vision of the future and bypassed by the labor movement.” According to the Rev. Dr. William J. According to Gupta, these domestic and Barber II, a well-known activist, founder guest workers are concentrated in retail, of the Forward Together Moral Monday fast food, and restaurants; they are also Movement, and President of the North care workers trapped in low-wage jobs. Carolina NAACP, we find ourselves She proposes a “bad business fee” as a in a new era. Barber calls it the Third measure to be passed “at the city, county Reconstruction, characterized by the and state level across the county,” which emergence of a growing indictment of would penalize and criminalize employer the present that proclaims at the same abuses such as low wages and reliance time that “There is a better way, there is a on tax-payer subsidized benefits for their moral law.” For Barber, there are essential workers. “The generated revenue would rights that must be implemented in order then be funneled directly to low-wage to for us all to live better. workers and communities.” Rev. Barber argues that the specter 4 STRATEGIES, continued on page 7.

Un momento populista o un momento de populismo? Una caracterización precisa de la realidad política que pretendemos transformar es esencial para el éxito de cualquier proyecto político. En el artículo de introducción a este número de The Nation, "Levántate y lucha", Robert L. Borsage sostiene que vivimos en un momento populista. Populismo es un término que sufre de maleabilidad lingüística, por lo que es difícil de definir. Históricamente, ha sido usado y abusado en la política estadounidense, como una colcha multicolor que cubre extraños compañeros de cama, tales como el agrarismo izquierda en la década de 1800; el llamado Partido Populista (Partido Progresista) de Theodore Roosevelt en 1912; el movimiento detrás de la elección presidencial de George Wallace en 1968; y el Partido Populista de Willis Carto que se utilizó para apoyar la campaña presidencial del miembro de KKK convertido en republicano y luego en demócrata David Duke en 1984. Pero Borsage está más interesado en mostrar evidencia de la creciente ascendencia de las opiniones populistas en América antes que en la definición del término. Él señala cómo: "Encuesta tras encuesta muestra que amplias mayorías tienen opiniones populistas sobre inversiones, impuestos y comercio populistas; sobre como cambiar Wall Street; y sobre como limpiar la burocracia de Washington. opinion es todas que están muy lejos de los de las élites. Encuestadores demócratas ahora aconsejan a sus clientes hablar de las familias trabajadoras, y no la clase media, debido a que más y más estadounidenses no se sienten parte de esta ultima". Para Borsage, el Movimiento Ocupar Wall Street, al hacer publica la desigualdad que afecta a 99 por ciento de la población, abrió nuevas posibilidades de organización y, al mismo tiempo desplazado el debate de cuestiones de identidad hacia problemas de la economía. Teniendo en cuenta los niveles de insatisfacción social en Estados Unidos parece que de hecho vivimos en un momento populista que se caracteriza por la creciente conciencia de la disparidad entre los intereses de las mayorias y los de las élites.

La acusación del presente y una visión moral del futuro Según el Rev. Dr. William J. Barber II, un conocido activista, fundador del Movimiento Forward Moral Monday, y presidente de la NAACP de Carolina del Norte; nos encontramos en una nueva era

que el llama la Tercera Reconstrucción y que se caracteriza por una creciente acusación del presente que proclama al mismo tiempo que "Hay una mejor manera y que existe una obligacion moral." Para Barber, existen derechos fundamentales que se deben implementar con el fin de que todos podamos vivir mejor. Rev. Barber sostiene que el fantasma de un nuevo electorado mayorotario atormenta los sueños de la derecha reacionaria del sur, y "no les permite dormir" Este nuevo electorado es interracial, intergeneracional, lucha

Rev. Barber sostiene que el fantasma de un nuevo electorado mayorotario atormenta los sueños de la derecha reacionaria del sur, y "no les permite dormir" Este nuevo electorado es interracial, intergeneracional, lucha contra la pobreza y en favor de la clase trabajadora, y trabaja para reformar las leyes electorales. contra la pobreza y en favor de la clase trabajadora, y trabaja para reformar las leyes electorales. Sus últimas apariciónes éxitosas fueron durante el primer y segundo termino en las elecciones de Obama. Consciente del potencial transformador de este electorado (por ejemplo: Moral Monday movilizó más de 80.000 personas interraciales a una protesta en Raleigh, Carolina del Norte en febrero pasado) Rev. Barber aboga por "Un lenguaje más profundo que penetre hasta el alma de las personas y les empuje a un nuevo lugar. Los derechos laborales no son un problema de izquierda o derecha. Derechos de las mujeres no son de derecha o izquierda; la educación no es de izquierda o derecha; ayudar a las personas cuando están en paro no es de zquierda o de derecha. Esas cuestiones son el centro moral de que decimos ser como personas.” Para él, el poder político emanará de la forja, a lo largo de los Estados Unidos, de una amplia coalición de la política de fusión a lo largo de las líneas del nuevo electorado. Él nos invita a "dejar de ser un termómetro" o limitarnos a medir el descontento social, y concluye formulando una pregunta desafiante: Quiero saber, ¿estás listo para luchar? Dios nos ha dado todo lo que necesitamos; todo lo que necesitamos hacer es luchar y luchar hacia adelante. Y, si lo hacemos, nuestros hijos van a gritar nuestro nombre [s] porque en el momento de la exposición, no nos damos por vencidos.

El poder de la fuerza laboral Muy pocas personas cuestionan la afirmación de John Locke de que toda la riqueza en la sociedad es el producto del trabajo. Entre la izquierda, muy pocos estarian en desacuerdo con la afirmación de Noam Chomsky de que los sindicatos son la fuerza principal para la democracia y el progreso. El nuevo progresismo populista es igualmente consciente del poder del trabajo. En las palabras de Sarita Gupta, director ejecutivo de Trabajos con Justicia, necesitamos nuevos modelos organizativos capaces de empoderar

4 ESTRATEGIAS, continúa en la página 7.

August 2014

4Strategies, cont. from page 6. For David Roff, president of SEIU 775 NW, the fastest-growing union in the northwest, the establishment of new forms of labor struggle is also important. He notes, “collective bargaining can no longer achieve large-scale wins for the vast majority of workers. And as evidence accumulates that capitalism has not inherent mechanism to check the upward aggregation of wealth, we urgently need to find new ways to build power for workers.” Taking into consideration that organized labor holds combined assets of over $34 billion, Roff proposes the allocation of small portions of this capital to “experimental initiatives that could produce massive results,” mirroring in some ways the mentality of Silicon Valley venture capitalists. He also proposes what he calls a ‘labor incubator” which “would mobilize a wide range of partners and resources, develop and “prototype” for transforming work, replicate and scale up the projects with the most potential, and disseminate the results of our experiments throughout the movement.”

It’s global warming stupid! No relevant contemporary populist strategy can ignore global warming and the devastating effects of sea level rise. For New Yorkers, the floods caused by Superstorm Sandy are still fresh in their memory. Mary Boeve, Executive Director of 350.org, notes that right after the floods, “a chorus of voices called on city government to rebuild for resilience against extreme weather and to help reduce climate change through energyefficient buildings and stronger transit systems.” Boeve acknowledges that this is, nevertheless, a relatively new phenomenon among environmentalists. She concurs with Naomi Klein, pointing out that current climate change research provides the evidence to back up economic populism. For Boeve, it is essential to disclose the destruction of the planet at the hands of big corporations and erode any moral credibility they may have. For her, in order to succeed: "Our movement cannot resemble what we are trying to oppose: centralized, slow-to-adapt oil and coal corporations and electric utilities. Environmental populism should be as decentralized as solar panels, with local organizations connecting to one another and relying on each others’ strengths to encourage a diversity of tactics."

The modern American prince Political transformations do not take place by osmosis or extrasensory perception. If these transformations are to take place, succeed, and persist, they need some form of reliable and efficient organization. This need is generally covered by the existence of political parties or organizations meant to carry on the class interests of their members and supporters. The political party becomes the “Modern Prince”—to borrow a term by the Italian Marxist Antonio Gramsci— whose mission is to advance and install a new political hegemony in society.

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Works In Progress

4Estrategias, viene de la página 6.

a los trabajadores y trabajadoras para que "pueden exigir colectivamente las políticas públicas y prácticas corporativas que permitan a sus familias y a las comunidades a prosperar". Para Gupta, el empoderamiento de los trabajadores se llevaría a cabo mediante la creación de nuevas formas de cor relacion de fuer zas, que sean especialmente beneficiosas para los trabajadores eventuales que están "excluidos de las protecciones de derecho laboral e ignarados por el movimiento obrero." De acuerdo con Gupta, estos trabajadores estan concentrados en trabajos domésticos, trabajos migrantes, en el pequeño c o m e r c i o, l a comida rápida y restaurantes. Todos ellos t ambién son trabajadores atrapados en empleos de bajos salarios. Ella propone un "Impuesato a los malos negocios" como Concerned with the importance of the right tactics, Cantor realizes that the WFP—as many other previous third party experiments—has to “walk the tight rope between independence and relevance, finding our way to the left wing.” Leah Hunt-Hendrix & Max Berger (the former a writer and organizer for economic justice, and the latter a Citizen Engagement Lab Fellow) question the effectiveness of building “closed, hierarchical structures that can’t escalate (like unions that can’t go on strike), or generating wide-open horizontal mobilizations that fall apart quickly and don’t have a coherent strategy (like occupy Wall Street). For them, "organizers in this country must learn from the approach used by resistance movements in the Arab Spring and the earlier “color revolutions” in Eastern Europe, which succeeded in overthrowing authoritarian regimes by combining structure and mobilization in a hybrid model that could escalate militantly and had a plan to win." For them, politics and economics cannot be separated; more importantly, redistribution of wealth is insufficient since: Redistribution isn’t enough to secure equal rights, economic equa lit y or environmental sustainability: we need economic democracy. Until we have democratic control over our banks, until workers and communities have a say in the way corporations operate, until we have community control over land, we will be forever fighting an uphill battle.

The articles in the July 7-14 issue of The Nation describe important political work happening now, across the U.S. This new progressive populism offers political optimism for the future in the form of doable strategies that undermine the power and greed of the elites and consolidate the power of the people: the middle class, the working class, and the Daniel Cantor, national director of the poor of this nation. Working Families Party, an organization Enrique Quintero, a political activist in founded in 1998 and cemented on a Latin America during the 70’s, taught ESL broad class alliance of the middle class, and Second Language Acquisition in the the working class, and the poor. Their Anchorage School District, and Spanish intention is to mirror and then surpass, at the University of Alaska Anchorage. He with a left perspective, the lessons learned currently lives and writes in Olympia. from the Tea Party. According to Cantor, "Working both inside and outside the Democratic Party, the WFP has tried to yank and pull and prod the democrats to the left. It’s the job of democrats to defeat republicans and it is our job to make sure they defeat them for the right reason[s] and the right people. Think Elizabeth Warren, Bill de Blasio, Keith Ellison, Jeff Merkely."

medida para ser pasada "a nivel de ciudad, condado y estados a nivel nacional", que penalizaría y criminalizaría los abusos de los empleadores, tales como los bajos salarios y la dependencia en subsidios financiados por los contribuyentes. "Los ingresos generados se canalizarian directamente a los trabajadores de bajos ingresos y a las comunidades." P a r a D av id Rof f, presidente de SEIU 775 NW, el sindicato de mayor

crecimiento en el noroeste, el establecimiento de nuevas formas de lucha laboral también es importante. Él señala, "la negociación colectiva ya no puede lograr victorias a gran escala para la inmensa mayoría de los trabajadores. Y a medida que se acumulan pruebas de que el capitalismo no tiene un mecanismo inherente para controlar la agregación ascendente de la riqueza, es urgente encontrar nuevas maneras de construir el poder para los trabajadores ". Teniendo en cuenta que el trabajo organizado posee activos combinados de más de 34 mil millones dólares, Roff propone la asignación de pequeñas porciones de este capital a las "iniciativas experimentales que podrían producir resultados masivos", que reflejan en cierto modo, la mentalidad de los capitalistas de riesgo de Silicon Valley. También propone lo que él llama una "incubadora de la mano de obra", que " movilizaria a una amplia gama de asociados y recursos, desarrollaría " un prototipo" para la transformación del trabajo, y la reprodución y ampliación de los proyectos con mayor potencial, y difundir los resultados de nuestros experimentos a través del movimiento ".

Es el calentamiento global estúpido!

El príncipe moderno de Estados Unidos Transformaciones políticas no tienen lugar por ósmosis o por percepción extrasensorial. Si estas transformaciones han de tener lugar, tener éxito, y persistir, necesitan algún tipo de organización confiable y eficiente. Esta necesidad se cubre generalmente con la existencia de partidos políticos u organizaciones destinadas a llevar a cabo los intereses de clase de sus miembros y simpatizantes. El partido político se convierte en el "príncipe moderno", para usar un término del marxista italiano Antonio Gramsci, cuya misión es promover e instalar una nueva hegemonía política en la sociedad. Daniel Cantor, director nacional del Partido de Familias Trabajadoras, una organización fundada en 1998 y consolidada en base a una amplia alianza clase formada por la clase media, la clase trabajadora y los pobres. Cantor intenta es reflejar y luego superar, con una perspectiva de izquierda, las lecciones aprendidas del Tea Party. Según Cantor: “Trabajando dentro y fuera del Partido Demócrata, el PFT ha tratado de cortar, tirar y empujar a los demócratas a la izquierda. Es tarea de los demócratas derrotar a los republicanos y es nuestro trabajo asegurarnos de que ellos sean derrotados por la razón correcta [s] y por las personas adecuadas. Piense Elizabeth Warren, Bill de Blasio, Keith Ellison, Jeff Merkely.” Preocupados por la importancia de las tácticas de la derecha, Cantor se da cuenta de que el PMA-como muchos otro tercero anterior experimentos-tiene que "caminar por la cuerda floja entre la independencia y la pertinencia, para encontrar el camino a la izquierda." Leah de Hunt-Hendrix & Max Berger (la primera escritora y organizadora por justicia económica, y el segundo pertenece A Citizen Engagement Lab ) ponen en duda la eficacia de la construcción de "estructuras cerradas y jerárquicas que no pueden escalar (como los sindicatos que no pueden ir en huelga), igualmente dudad de movilizaciones horizontales abiertas que se desmoronan rápidamente y no tienen una estrategia coherente (como Occupy Wall Street). Para ellos, "los organizadores de este país deben aprender del enfoque utilizado por los movimientos de resistencia en la Primavera Árabe y las anteriores" revoluciones de color" en Europa del Este, que lograron derrocar regímenes autoritarios mediante la combinación de estructura y la movilización en un modelo híbrido que podría escalar en militacia y tiene un plan para ganar ". Para ellos, la política y la economía no se pueden separar; más importante aún, la redistribución de la riqueza es insuficiente, ya que: “La redistribución no es suficiente para asegurar la igualdad de derechos, la igualdad económica o sostenibilidad ambiental: necesitamos una democracia económica. Hasta que no tengamos un control democrático sobre nuestros bancos, hasta que los trabajadores y las comunidades tengan voz y voto en la forma en las empresas operan, hasta que tengamos el control comunitario sobre la tierra, estaremos luchando por siempre una batalla cuesta arriba”.

Ning una estrateg ia populista contemporánea relevante puede ignorar el calentamiento global y los efectos devastadores de la subida del nivel del mar. Para los neoyorquinos, las inundaciones causadas por Superstorm Sandy todavía están frescas en su memoria. María Boeve, Director Ejecutivo de 350.org, señala que después de las inundaciones ", un coro de voces pidieron al gobierno de la ciudad reconstruir con capacidad de reistencia y recuperación frente a las condiciones meteorológicas extremas, y para ayudar a reducir el cambio climático a través de edificios energéticamente eficientes y sistemas de transporte más fuertes." Boeve reconoce que este es sin embargo, un fenómeno relativamente nuevo entre los ambientalistas. Ella está de acuerdo con Naomi Klein en señalar que las investigaciones en el cambio climático actual proporcionan la evidencia para respaldar el populismo económico. Para Boeve, es fundamental dar a conocer la destrucción del planeta en manos de las grandes corporaciones y erosionar cualquier credibilidad moral que estas puedan tener. Con el fin de tener éxito segun Boeve: Los articulos en The Nation describen “Nuestro movimiento no puede importantes trabajos políticos sucediendo parecerse a lo que estamos actualmente a través de los EE.UU. Este tratando de oponernos: nuevo populismo progresivo ofrece empresas de petroleo y optimismo político para el futuro en carbón, y centrales electricas forma de estrategias factibles capaces de centralizadas y lentas en minar el poder y la codicia de las elites y adaptarce. El Populismo consolidar la poder del pueblo: la clase ambiental debería ser tan media, la clase trabajadora y los pobres descentralizado como de esta nación. paneles solares, con las Enrique Quintero, un activista político organizaciones locales en América Latina durante la década de los ectadas unas con otras y 70, enseñó ESL y adquisición de segundas apoyándose en los puntos lenguas en el Distrito Escolar de Anchorage, fuertes de los demás para y español en la Universidad de Alaska alentar una `diversidad de Anchorage. Actualmente vive y escribe en tácticas.” Olympia.

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August 2014

be expensive, that's why we should want our technical ability for travel, and space international collaboration. Likewise, stations are currently enjoying obvious Mars is a great choice for colonization. success. Our solar system is one of about Venus would require technological 400 billion star systems in the Milky Way advancements we have not reached yet. galaxy. And, ours is one of 400 billion The orbits of planetary bodies galaxies in the visible Universe. We there are any events etc. I would love to in our solar system and travel can make ready for the final network with fellow rationalists. It is so Rus Frizzell to them are determined by frontier and maintain our refreshing to be around like minds. sense of adventure, and I have heard there is a science cafe at gravity. There are some for the future. The world is full of amazing Orca books... I am pretty busy in terms of points in space called The Universe is coincidences; what I like about reality being an organizer right now, but I would Lagrange points where so big that simply is that the coincidences always add up. definitely be interested in participating. I orbital space stations mapping it may take The numbers balance in a way which have a physicist friend too who might be may be maintained with available technology. the human race confirms the real Universe exists and not possibly interested in meeting. virtually for ever. C. E. Low Earth orbit is simply just because I think it does. This simply too full of debris Many cosmologists amusing coincidence is just coincidence: I have an interest in Fusion Physics. My and spy satellites to be fear the Universe could, The Expanding Universe released its light background is in teaching... a good habitation. The in the far distant future, into freedom 380 billion years after the Please place me on an email list for Lagrange points (L1 through evolve into a state which will big bang when the electrons coupled continuing messages or a meeting place L5) are semi-stable points where eventually become inhospitable up with the protons to form atoms. The and time in our mutual interests, if that human activity is just beginning to to life. But, with the rapid growth of temperature of everything was near 3000 seems acceptable to you. be centralized. Gravity is balanced at modern technology and biological degrees but space has expanded 1000 Please be aware that typically I only have around 90% of the way to the Moon, this evolution, who knows? The Universe will times the size it was back then so the access to the Web, and therefore my email, is L1. There the Moon's gravity balances probably never run out of room! temperature of the cosmic microwave once per week-- usually on Thursdays. Earth's gravity and a space station could It is absurd how we are short changing background we see today is 2.73 degrees L.F. be located, like a truck stop. 10% more ourselves and our children when we have above absolute zero, 2.73 Kelvin. Well, I read your article in WIP and I just beyond the Moon is another stable point, the means to colonize space, the Moon, one day just for fun I measured the angle from the isthmus down town Olympia to wanted to say that I agreed with your L2. Directly opposite the Moon in it's and Mars, but we choose to stockpile weapons instead. Spring the top of Mount Rainier and, bam! It is sentiment. Honestly, I find it frustrating to live in Olympia break on the moon is so 2.73 degrees! much more awesome than This is just happenstance because sometimes because there is we live such a distance from such a tall such a suspicion of science and Should we terraform the Moon, Venus, or the some resort hotel. And, mountain. But it is charming enough that modernity among s o m e Mars? Can we build a space-based society interplanetary economies are a are far more robust than I have to tell about it. My other favorite people. There issues... without making things far worse? The isolated ones. Yes, there are cosmic coincidence comes from Douglas variety of t h e more urgent local issues. Adams' “Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy.” w h e r e scientific answer to these questions will have to be Our problems like climate There Douglas wrote, “42 is the answer consensus played out over time, yet we can see there change and homelessness to life, the universe, and everything.” falls far away are urgent because of the One day I was musing over the fine from the views may be fantastic potential for our future. same “lack of vision” that structure constant of the Universe and of many people I created the nuclear weapons no one knows why this number is know; for me, that stockpile, and turned our 137. The fine structure constant orbit, 180 degrees away is L3. 60 degrees nation back from space travel. Turning is a real tragedy. is a key number in quantum Anyway, I just wanted to ahead of the Moon in it's orbit is L4 and our eyes to the sky and restoring our mechanics which has thank you for emphasizing that 60 degrees behind the Moon is L5. As Neil sense of adventure means a lot more than puzzled scientists people should put science first. Also, I DeGrasse Tyson told us, “We can think every day complaining. It gives people a for one hundred working with others to start a book club of Lagrangian points as gateways to the reason to work together with the payoff years. Planck's dedicated to the ideas of environmental rest of the solar system.” There are also being limitless potential of the entire constant Sun-Earth Lagrange points, Sun-Venus, Universe. modernism... times the M.R.C.R. Sun-Mars, sun-Jupiter and the rest. speed of Humans are ready to explore and Russ Frizzell is an activist living in light divided by the Thank you very much for taking the inhabit space. We don't need to destroy Olympia since 2010 and a graduate of electron charge time to contact me. Hang in there s q u a r e d friends, learning is a life long process our ecosystem to have an exciting The Evergreen State College where he equals 137. and gradually our neighbors will grow to technological civilization. The Moon studied Physics and Cosmology. Now one respect our work depending on its merit. and Mars are well within the realm of day as I w a s Along with knowledge, humans seem to f ig ur ing t h e d i f f e r e n c e thrive on adventure. bet ween light years and parsecs While many of us strive to conserve another remarkable coincidence struck what is left of our changing biosphere, I me. A light year is the same as a parsec am left to wonder how will all this turn divided by 3.26. When you divide 137 out? The Earth was once a complete by 3.26 you get 42! Douglas Adams was paradise. Besides Earth, our solar system right all along! Well, these coincidences has more planetary bodies within our are really just fun things you get when reach. Should we terraform the Moon, you play with numbers. Recreational Venus, or Mars? Can we build a space mathematics brings out reality for based society without making things far everyone to see. worse? The answer to these questions will After I wrote, “Try Science First” for the have to be played out over time, yet we February WIP, I was delighted to receive can see there may be fantastic potential several comments from readers and they for our future. are all thoughtful enough to print here: The Moon is the most obvious site I read your article in "Works in Progress." for a colony since humans have already I just moved to the Olympia area and am traveled there and returned home safely. very interested in joining or helping to The nation of China has recently been build a community of science-minded staging some preparations to start on colonizing the Moon. International people. G. R. collaboration would be the best possible way here except that nation states are I am also frustrated by the lack of barely learning to cooperate. Habitats science and critical thinking in a town that on the Moon will have to be domed in is so progressive in so many other ways. I and a vast number of technicians will feel almost an anti-science/atheism bias need to be employed to maintain the here for sure! infrastructure on the Moon for a habitat Please keep my name for organizing, if to succeed. Travel there and back will

The future of space science

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August 2014

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Feeding the beast in Wisconsin Meeting the demands for silica sand Janet Carpenter On the coattails of the hydraulic fracturing boom in the U.S. rides another rapidly growing industry.... sand mining. Fracking uses ‘proppants’, which is particulate material used to prop open fissures. There are manufactured proppants composed of ceramic, but the preferred type is sand based. Indeed, the silica sand used for fracking is so instrumental that without it, the volumes of oil produced by such companies as Continental Resources, one of the biggest and oldest producers in the Bakken, and EOG Resources, a rising star in big oil, would likely never reach their heights. Sand deposits are found in a number of states, but Wisconsin is sitting on some of the finest in the nation. The deposits’ close proximity to both the surface and rail infrastructure raises their desirability, and mining operations in the state have increased at an alarming rate. In 2010, there were five sand mines and five processing plants. Today, 132 mines are operational, 100 more are either waiting for approval or recently approved. As a result, the state once known for its dairy production is now seen as a leader in high quality frac sand, claiming 75% of the nation’s market. Meeting the frac sand demands of the industry has become a challenge. PacWest Consulting Partners, based in Texas and specializing in energy, industrial and resource sectors, reported 2013 totals to be 56.3 billion pounds of sand. This figure is a 25% increase since 2011 and a another 20% rise is predicted over the next two years. The Marcellus Shale in Pennsylvania will require

ƒƒ Risks to workers more than 13 billion pounds this year ƒƒ Reclamation/Restoration after minand 2015 projections are almost 15.8 ing billion. The Bakken in North Dakota is ƒƒ Noise and light expected to consume 8.5 billion pounds of proppant by 2015, two thirds of which ƒƒ Property Values will be sand based. EOG Resources uses approximately 3 million tons of sand per year, several thousand pounds per well. The company found a unique way to remedy its sand costs by self-sourcing its supply. Spending $200 million on two processing plants and three sand mines in Wisconsin, it now ships its own sand via BNSF and other railways to Photo: Minnesota Environmental Quality Board the Bakken and Eagle Ford in Texas. This helped to reduce its ƒƒ Water depletion of the aquifer sand overhead. CEO Mark Papa, now ƒƒ Water discharge of waste water into retired, stated in a July 2013 article in creeks Forbes magazine that “the only trouble ƒ ƒ Risks to fish and wildlife habitat is now our engineers think sand is free” as EOG’s engineers began to ƒƒ Possible additional erosion of streambanks from non-normal experiment with new techniques on the wastewater discharges and higher Bakken fields that almost double sand stormwater runoffs from cleared requirements. EOG plans on drilling lands into creeks 80 new wells on the Bakken in response to the successful technique that has State and local governments in boosted production. Wisconsin find themselves at odds with Many residents in western Wisconsin each other when it comes to regulating who live among the booming sand sand mines. This causes even more minds would take offense at Papa’s confusion for residents in opposition to statement, having incurred the very real the industry. A new wave of activism has costs that this deluge has on their lives surfaced and networks have successfully and communities. Below is a growing raised awareness in order to deny list of concerns that Wisconsinites are passage of state legislation that would facing, compiled by Earthworks.org. usurp local control. Yet, diligence is ƒƒ Air - dangers of silica dust causing required as an economically depressed state struggling to get back on track silicosis often bows to the industry. With no ƒƒ Truck traffic end in sight to the excessive demand, ƒƒ Tourism and Economic Impacts activists have their work cut out for them.

For more information: “The Price of Sand” is a documentary about the silica mining boom in Wisconsin and Minnesota and is directed by Jim Tittle. http:// thepriceofsand.com Frac Sand Sentinel is produced by Patricia Popple. Newsletter highlighting resource links, news media account s, blog post s, correspondence, observations and opinions gathered regarding local actions on, and impacts of, the developing frac sand mining and processing industries. http://wisair. wordpress.com/frac-sand-sentinel/ Wisconsin Network for Peace and Justice is a coalition of activist groups and citizens of conscience within Wisconsin. WNPJ facilitates activities, cooperation and communication among Wisconsin organizations and individuals working toward the creation of a sustainable world, free from violence and injustice. http:// www.wnpj.org WI Voices is a group of citizen journalists whose mission is to provide a stage for regular people to tell their stories about how they are affected by public policy choices. http://www.wivoices.org Wisconsin League of Conservation Voters is a leading nonpartisan env ironment a l a nd polit ica l organization fighting for air, land, and water by being a voice in the state Capitol, issuing the Conservation Scorecard, and electing proconservation candidates to office. http://conservationvoters.org Janet Carpenter is an organizer/writer from Wisconsin. She believes Olympia and Wisconsin have something in common in that we both experience the challenges imposed by big oil and its frac sand appetite.

Washington fire fighters call on Inslee to stop the movement of oil trains in state The Washington State Council of Fire Fighters passed the following resolution at its annual convention in Spokane this summer. It calls for "Governor Inslee to do all in his power" to stop the transport of crude oil by rail until it can be determined that it can be delivered safely. WHEREAS: New technologies and the current higher price of oil/barrel have resulted in the extraction of unprecedented amounts of crude oil from the Bakken shale formation in North Dakota, now estimated to extract one million barrels/day; and WHEREAS: Oil company plans to expand the rail capacity in the state of Washington to receive this crude oil at four refineries and at newly proposed marine transfer stations at the Ports of Vancouver and Grays Harbor will greatly increase the number of oil trains traveling through our state; and

WHEREAS: In January 2014, the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) stated, “Because there is no mandate for railroads to develop comprehensive plans or ensure the availability of necessary response resources, carriers have effectively placed the burden of remediating the environmental consequences of an accident on local communities along the route”; and WHEREAS: At the same time this burden to protect is being placed on local jurisdictions-- many who are struggling to maintain their fire fighters and first responders, let alone provide them with adequate resources to respond to oil fires, explosions and derailments; and WHEREAS: On June 2, 2014, the City Council of the city of Vancouver passed a resolution opposing the proposed oil terminal at the Port of Vancouver and opposing the movement of these Bakken crude oil tanker trains through their city; and

WHEREAS: These unit oil trains composed of 100 to 150 tankers filled with Bakken crude oil now travel through our state WHEREAS: Governor Inslee has authorized a $300,000 study due March 1, 2015, to determine if it is possible to safely move this oil through our state; from Spokane, down the Columbia River and up the now therefore be it I-5 corridor north to refineries and possibly through Rochester along the Chehalis River west on Genesee & Wyoming lines to three RESOLVED: That the WSCFF asks Governor Inslee to do all in his power to proposed marine transfer terminals at the halt the movement of this crude by rail until Port of Grays Harbor; and completion of his study in March 2015 and the WHEREAS: Catastrophic explosions, spills and death due to derailments of tankers carrying Bakken crude oil have occurred in Lac Megantic, Quebec; Casselton, North Dakota; New Brunswick, Canada; Aliceville, Alabama; and Lynchburg, Virginia within the last year and could occur in our urban and rural areas; and WHEREAS: The U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PMSHA) has determined this Bakken crude oil may be more flammable than traditional crude oil; and WHEREAS: The vast majority (78,000 out of 92,000) of the tank cars used in the transport of this explosive Bakken crude oil through our state are DOT-111s, which have been known to puncture upon impact since 1991; and

determination that this crude by rail can be moved safely through our cities and rural areas; and be it further

RESOLVED: The WSCFF asks that if Governor Inslee and appropriate state agencies determine after March 2015 that this crude by rail is safe to move through our cities and rural areas, the WSCFF be informed as to the existence of adequate public resources to prepare for and deal with oil fires, spills and derailments; and be it further RESOLVED: The WSCFF and its affiliates will work closely with communities it now serves to inform them of our concerns about crude by rail transportation and engage them in discussions about maintaining a healthy and safe community based on prevention and preparation. (Floor – Approved by 2/3 Standing Vote)

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4Restoration, cont. from page 1.

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Works In Progress

funding to dredge. Where there is industries combined.” have entered Budd Inlet as a result of the environmental benefit, such as coming Restoration of the estuary will also dam. These maritime industries do not into compliance with the Clean Water bring people to downtown Olympia, not need to dredge as often as they once did. Act and Puget Sound restoration, there just for new jobs, but also for recreation As the lake fills and sediment begins is funding. and education. Runners and walkers to spill over the dam, they are now Dredging will also not remove the will still enjoy the mile and a half loop preparing to lobby the State to perform New Zealand mud snails. The estuary around healthier water. Kayakers and a maintenance dredging of Capitol Lake: scenario allows greater control over other boaters will return. Wildlife on the taxpayers’ dime. enthusiasts will come to Eventually, the businesses watch shorebirds, seals that have come to depend on “In general, the estuarine environment and salmon. Educators will the 5th Avenue Dam will have bring students of all ages to face that dam removal is would provide better habitat or benefit for to observe the Deschutes inevitable, given water quality come back to life. more desired species and a more negative estuary violations. They will need to Another economic benefit come to the table and discuss impact on some of the invasive species.“ is the enhancement of how to make restoration work salmon habitat. Salmon are for their businesses and for a major economic driver in Puget Sound. They cannot continue to the freshwater invasive species. From South Sound, especially for the Squaxin externalize the cost of doing business the same presentation: “In general, the Island Tribe. The Tribe has been at the expense of the environment. estuarine environment would provide researching salmon activity in Budd Washington state taxpayers cannot better habitat or benefit for more desired Inlet, and they are finding that 73% of continue to subsidize marina species and a more the juvenile salmon found in the inlet owners and the Port negative impact on are coming down from the Puyallup and of Olympia. some of the invasive Green River watersheds. Some may think that According to the Tribe: “This isn’t species.“ financial barriers prevent dam The study also showed really surprising. Deep south Puget removal and restoration. It is true that, without a final decision Sound is one of the most productive that restoration comes with a sizeable on the outcome, permits areas in the world for the food juvenile price tag. However, lake management would be difficult to salmon need. It’s natural that they would comes at a greater cost. Regular obt ain. The St ate evolve to migrate to a place with a lot of maintenance dredging of the lake and will need to decide food before heading out to the ocean. eventual replacement of the dam costs between the lake and To increase the habitat they prefer here more over time than dredging once, the estuary to do any would only benefit them.” Restoring the removing the dam, and building a 5th Deschutes estuary will return 260 acres dredging at all. Avenue bridge. A decision to maintain A n e c o n o m i c of estuarine habitat to salmon all over the lake is a financial burden on future benefit that is often South and Central Puget Sound. generations. The only other barrier against overlooked is the rise It’s not just a financial burden, but of the restoration estuary restoration comes from those also an environmental burden. Dredging e c o n o m y. W i t h that insist that we preserve our Capitol the lake without removing the dam will restoration funds Lake heritage. They cling to notion of not improve water quality. The Capitol streaming into the a freshwater reflection pond below Campus Design Advisory Committee local community, we the State Capitol. These days, with the recently commissioned a study on the can provide jobs in pollution, stagnation, and layers of scum permitting process for dredging, which the fields of science, across the surface, it no longer serves to will be required with either a lake or an engineering, planning, provide a decent reflection. At least in estuary outcome. The notes of the final con st r uc t ion, pl a nt the literal sense. presentation state that, under the lake It’s true Capitol Lake has been a part breeding and more. A scenario, “dredging is very expensive report from Restore America’s of our recent past, with fond memories and the state would be investing funds Estuaries titled Jobs & Dollars for many people. Some learned to swim into a maintenance dredge activity states that “restoring our there when the lake was still open. where no environmental benefit has coasts can create more than Lakefair used to include boat racing been identified.“ 30 jobs for each million dollars invested. and other activities on the water. As Additionally, when there is no That’s more than twice as many jobs as fond as these memories are, no amount environmental benefit, there is no the oil and gas and road construction of dredging will bring us back to those

days. Only removing the dam and restoring the Deschutes estuary will clean our waters, improve public health hazards, restore recreational access, and control invasive species. Our heritage goes back longer than the 60 years of Capitol Lake. The estuary has been here for thousands of years. Indian tribes and white settlers chose the mouth of the Deschutes River, a once productive ecosystem, as a center for settlement and trade. If the water is to define our history, I would like to choose the heritage I leave for my child. I choose clean water. I choose restored recreational access. I choose an economy that benefits our community and the natural world. I choose new beginnings. What’s your choice? Dani Madrone is the Education and Outreach Coordinator for the Deschutes Estuary Restoration Team (DERT). She has a degree from the Evergreen State College, where she focused on sustainability and community organizing, specifically around controversial environmental issues. DERT advocates for the removal of the 5th Avenue Dam and the restoration of the Deschutes watershed, Budd Inlet and South Puget Sound for a vibrant ecosystem and robust economy centered on restoration. Visit t he Deschutes Est ua r y Restoration Team website at www. deschut est u a r y.com for mor e information.

Estuarine environments are among the most productive on earth, creating more organic matter each year than comparably-sized areas of forest, grassland, or agricultural land. The tidal, sheltered waters of estuaries also support unique communities of plants and animals especially adapted for life at the margin of the sea. Environmental Protection Agency

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August 2014

Page 13

Works In Progress

4Fish consumption, cont. from page 1.

benefits, and predictable economic the FCR were being nudged upward to Challenging the EPA—A right wing just 17.5 grams/day – and our waters turmoil.” agenda As Catherine O’Neill, CPR, writes, therefore only clean enough to support Those in favor of Inslee’s compromise the math works out in industries’ favor: a fish meal every two weeks.” Oregon raised its FCR without are arguing that Washington’s elected “Although Washington’s water quality standards have to date required that increasing the “acceptable level” of leaders should send a strong signal to EPA that they will oppose people be protected to a level EPA Reg ion 10 actions of 1 in a million risk, Inslee Some people eat more fish… has decided that it will now be Oregon raised its fish consumption rate “to impose unrealistic or In 2011, Oregon raised its FCR to acceptable to subject people unattainable standards that 175 grams/day, the level that Inslee to ten times this risk of cancer, without increasing the “acceptable level” of do not meet the unique needs is proposing, to reflect the diets of or 1 in 100,000.  This move cancer risk. . . a manager with the Oregon of Washington’s workers, people from the Umatilla tribe, Asian was suggested by industry citizens, businesses and Americans, Pacific Islanders, and – The Seattle Times termed Department of Environmental Quality local governments. They avid anglers (Sarah Jane Keller, High it a “canny” suggestion – as should also make it clear bCountry News). According to Catherine a mechanism for offsetting says he was not aware of any business that that they oppose any EPA O’Neill, member of the Center for the increase in the FCR that closed as a result of the rule change. intervention that attempts to Progressive Reform and Professor of they recognized was likely in supersede their responsibility Law at Seattle University, data on fish to establish Washington’s the offing, consumption rates among local tribal if the standards cancer risk. In an article posted by The clean water standards” (Partnership populations in Washington have were to comport Stranger on July 2, Ansel Herz quotes a for Washington’s Waters and Workers). been available for the past 20 years. The American Legislative Exchange with the recent water quality program manager with the O’Neill reports that the data s c i e n t i f i c Oregon Department of Environmental Council (ALEC), an influential righthas continued to mount, with studies of fish Quality who said the department was wing lobbying group funded in part “recent studies documenting intake… What not aware of any business that closed by petrochemical billionaires Charles fish intake by Asian-Americans/ appears to be a as a result of the rule change. Nor were and David Koch, is also taking on the Pacific Islanders and by other there job losses. Nonetheless, support EPA. According to documents obtained Washington tribes at rates of for Inslee’s compromise from business by the Guardian, ALEC has developed a 236 grams/day, 489 grams/day, and some unions is strong. new tactic—seeking out friendly state and 800 grams/day.”   attorneys and encouraging them to sue Challenge expected from the EPA Do A sia n-A mer ica ns, the EPA. This is a new twist on their A potential challenge may come usual strategy, which is to push for antiPacific Islanders, members of from the EPA, as shown in a letter from climate change and pro-industry bills Washington tribes and others Seattle-based Region 10 director in state legislatures. (“ALEC has a new have a right to eat wild fish Dennis McLerran to Senator tactic it’s using to take down the EPA,” and stay healthy? That’s Doug Ericksen (R), chair of Emily Atkin, ThinkProgress) one of the questions being the Energy, Environment addressed in the proposed Good government, clean water and Telecommunications changes in FCR. Committee. In the letter, The right thing to do is follow the Inslee’s proposal a McLerran outlines his lead of Oregon State, by setting fish political compromise agency’s opposition to consumption rates using the best Inslee’s proposal i n c r e a s i n g available information, and also by is political. While he accept able maintaining lower levels of acceptable proposes that the FCR l e v e l s o f risks of cancer. To do otherwise, be increased to reflect cancer risk, particularly as it is currently being the amount of fish people a r g u i n g proposed, is disingenuous. One number in the state actually eat, he that to do so goes up, the other goes down, and the is also proposing that the would mean actual consequence is only a little better acceptable rate of cancer “tribes, certain than where we are. For an issue that’s associated with eating low-income, been identified as pressing for at least fish be increased as well. m i n o r i t y a decade, that’s not very good progress. Businesses and some communities Equally important is taking on unions support this and other high the argument that principles of compromise. fish consuming environmental justice, which guide In an April 1, 2014 letter to the groups would the reasoning and the rulings of the governor, re-printed by Investigate be provided less EPA’s Seattle-based Region 10 staff. West on their website, a selfprotection than Environmental justice means that identified group of “business and they have now.” we disaggregate data and notice who municipal leaders” wrote that McL er r a n is is actually being effected by current “establishing human t he sa me EPA practices, and then respond so that health-based water d i r e c t o r w h o those most at risk from our collective quality standards on announced that actions are protected. Washingtonians an incremental excess the EPA would who eat wild fish have the right to do carcinogen risk level of endor se t he so—without risking their lives. The right 10e-6 (one in a million) is analysis of the to pollute the waters in which the fish unacceptable. We anticipate that this significant step forward (an increased environmental impact of the Pebble swim—those rights are the ones that risk level, coupled with a high fish FCR) is nearly undermined by a Mine in Alaska, the largest open pit need to be challenged. consumption rate, will result in largely significant step backward (a less mine ever to be proposed, essentially Emily Lardner teaches at The Everunattainable ultra-low numeric criteria, protective cancer risk level).  Simple blocking its development. The Pebble green State College and co-directs The unmeasurable incremental health math gives the net effect:  it is as if Mine was to be situated right next to the Washington Center for Improving Underworld’s most valuable salmon fishery, graduate Education, a public service of Bristol Bay. According to McLerran, the the college. EPA restrictions are designed to “protect An abridged version of this article the world’s greatest salmon fishery from one of the greatest open pit mines ever was previously printed in The Olympian. conceived.” water regulations incites the wrath of those invested in private property rights and the right to profit (at everyone else’s expense). Increasing the FCR does the same, with an additional overtone of racism.


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Wip august 2014 eflip edition  

--Gov. Inslee increases recommended fish consumption and cancer risk. --Why hasn't the State breached the 5th Ave dam? --New poem by Brian M...

Wip august 2014 eflip edition  

--Gov. Inslee increases recommended fish consumption and cancer risk. --Why hasn't the State breached the 5th Ave dam? --New poem by Brian M...

Profile for olywip

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