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Since 1988 • Priceless

From the Bay to the Blue Ridge

October 2021

Celebrate Virginia Wine Month 2021!


Setting the Standard In Old Town Since 1979

october’21 A Division of Crier Media Group OTC Media LLC PO Box 320386 Alexandria, VA 22320 571-257-5437 Published the first week of every month. Worth waiting for! PUBLISHER Bob Tagert MARKETING & ADVERTISING Lani Gering Bob Tagert Meg Mullery SOCIAL MEDIA & WEBSITE Ashley Rosson DESIGN & PRODUCTION Electronic Ink 9 Royal Street, SE Leesburg, VA 20175 703. 669. 5502 Stephen Bearce Sarah Becker Alexander Britel Cheryl Burns F. Lennox Campello Steve Chaconas Carolyn Cockroft Scott Dicken Doug Fabbioli Matt Fitzsimmons Nicole Flanagan Lani Gering Christina Hitchcock Tom Horton Miriam Kramer Genevieve LeFranc

CONTRIBUTORS Timothy Long Cindy McGovern Meg Mullery Melinda Myers Billy Phibbs Ron Powers Kim Putens Julie Reardon Ashley Rosson Ashley Stimpson Bob Tagert Carl Trevisan Ryan Unverzagt Lisa Velenovsky Lori Welch Brown




A Bit of History................................................................ 9

From the Bay...................................................................22

Open Space.....................................................................43

After Hours.......................................................................13

From the Trainer............................................................40

Personality Profile............................................................ 6

Alexandria Events............................................................ 3

Gallery Beat.....................................................................14

Pets of the Month.........................................................19

Art & Antiques................................................................15

Go Fish...............................................................................42

Business Profile................................................................. 4


Caribbean Connection...............................................20

Halloween Feature: Stingy Jack..............................29

Dining Guide...................................................................34

High Notes.......................................................................12

Dining Out.......................................................................30

Let’s Eat..............................................................................32

Exploring Virginia Wines............................................38

Let's Get Crafty...............................................................35

Financial Focus.................................................................. 8

Local Farmers Markets................................................... 3

The Last Word.................................................................11

First Blush.........................................................................41

National Harbor.............................................................44

To the Blue Ridge......................................................... 26


On the Road with OTC................................................... 1

Urban Garden.................................................................28

Points on Pets.................................................................18 Publisher’s Notes.............................................................. 2 Road Trip...........................................................................24 Social Media Message................................................... 2 Take Photos, Leave Footprints.................................16

© 2021 Crier Media Group, Inc. No part of this publication may be reproduced without the written consent of the publisher. The Old Town Crier is published monthly and distributed to select Alexandria residents, hotels, restaurants and retail shops. Also distributed in the Annapolis, Fredericksburg, Blue Ridge and Washington, DC areas and St. John, USVI.

On the road with OTC

about the cover Celebrate Virginia Wine Month 2021 with us! Photo by Bob Tagert

Old Town Crier

Chris Pearmund, the head honcho at Pearmund Cellars, Effingham Vineyards and Vint Hill Winery, took a much deserved break to the Virgin Islands before harvest began. One of his favorite stops in the BVI’s on his sailing adventure was Jost Van Dyke. Chris is no stranger to this funky little island so it isn’t unusual that he was caught hanging out with a legend of the Caribbean - Fox Callwood aka Foxy. Foxy’s family has a colorful past dating back centuries in the BVI’s. This place is a must stop as well as the infamous Soggy Dollar Bar on Jost. And….Chris tells us that Foxy is a regular visitor to Old Town Alexandria so we hope to run into him on our home turf someday. If you would like to see your photograph in this space, take a copy of the OTC with you and snap a high resolution image and send it along with information for the caption to office@oldtowncrier. com. Your photo will appear both online and in the print version. Please include your mailing address so we can make sure you get a hard copy.

October 2021 | 1



As I write this piece, the Autumn Equinox happened yesterday. It definately announed its arrival with bright lightening and loud thunder at 3:40 am on the twenty third. The temperatures this week are in the low to mid 70’s with low humidity. This month is the time to get outdoors or hit the road. Our Road Trip this month takes us back to one of our very favorite destinations, by land or water...Naptown! It is also a perfect time to head to Virginia wine country because this is Virginia Wine Month. All of the wineries will be putting their best foot (bottle of wine) forward and will be offering numerous events throughout the month. Support those wineries that support the Old Town Crier throughout the year...Pearmund Cellars group, Barrel Oak, Rappahannock Cellars, Fabbioli Vineyards, Philp Carter and Valley View. In A Bit of History, Sarah Becker continues her insight into the Equal Rights Admendment. In Photos and Footprints, Scott Dicken takes us to one of the most beautiful places on earth. After having my knee replaced I wrote about The Physical Therapy Zone where I finished up my therapy in the Business Profile column. We learn about how Autumn reveals trees’ true colors in the From the Bay column! Last spring, our friend Chester Simpson, had a gallery showing of his Rock n Roll photographs scheduled but COVID ended that. It has been rescheduled at the Principle Gallery in the 200 block of King Street on October 15-16. Don’t miss this opportunity to see his historic rock ‘n roll photos and to buy some high quality prints. October brings us the Columbus Day holiday and Halloween. I am hoping to be on the water during the long weekend enjoying the cooler fall weather and am currently scrounging around for my Halloween costume parts. Old Town has some very clever residents who know how to decorate for the holiday. Do yourself a favor and take a drive or a walk around town during the month!!

On a sad note, we lost one of the most colorful figures that ever graced the streets of Old Town. Rick Giovannoni cut his business teeth at the Fish Market restaurant here on King Street and then opened the Alamo at 100 King Street. At the time, it was one of the most successful restaurants in town. I’ve known Ricky since he was 19 years old. He was larger than life with a huge appetite for life and business. Rick succumbed to complications of COVID—at the age of 63. Rick always had a smile on his face and was always willing to help anyone. He will be missed.


We are proud to be longtime supporters of the Virginia Wine industry. I just dusted off our first “Outstanding Media Award” presented to us by the VA Wine Marketing Group in 1999!


Cat Videos: Same as Therapy?


il Bub, Grumpy Cat, and Piano Cat are just a few of the viral cat videos that have taken the Internet by storm. Although these videos are entertaining, it has been found that these videos provide more than a good laugh. According to a study by Indiana University Media 2 | October 2021

School researcher Jessica Gail Merick, “Some people may think watching online cat videos isn’t a serious enough topic for academic research, but the fact is that it’s one of the most popular uses of the Internet today, if we want to better understand the effects


Old Town Crier


Photo: Matt Chenet for Visit Alexandria

26th Annual Art on the Avenue October 2nd 10 a.m. to 6 p.m. Admission: Free Between Bellefonte and Hume Avenues

Art on The Avenue Photo: ACVA

Art on the Avenue is a multicultural arts festival held the first Saturday in October, rain or shine. Stroll down Del Ray’s Mount Vernon Avenue between Bellefonte and Hume Avenues and discover more than 300 artists, from jewelers to glass makers to painters, while enjoying a variety of musicians and food vendors.

Fall Wine Festival & Sunset Tour October 8th to 10th 6 to 9 p.m. Admission: Friday: $49 for members, $59 for general public; Saturday: $53 for members, $63 for general public; Sunday: $43 for members, $53 for general public George Washington’s Mount Vernon 3200 Mount Vernon Memorial Hwy. 703-780-2000 Taste unlimited samples from Virginia wineries after hours at George Washington’s estate. Bring a blanket and relax on the east lawn overlooking the Potomac River and meet General Washington.

Hallo Photo: Sa ween in O

m Kittner Del Ray’s annual Halloween Parade begins at Mount Vernon Ave., for ACVA ld Town south of E. Bellefonte, and continues down to the Mount Vernon Recreation Center play fields. Children, pets and strollers in costumes are invited to march and show off their finest and scariest Halloween garb; awards are given for Best Pet Costume, Best Decorated Business, Best Decorated Home and Best Decorated Stroller.

MORE FALL EVENTS & TOURS Alexandria Ghost Tour Pub Crawl with Nightly Spirits Wednesdays through Sundays throughout the fall 7:30 p.m. Admission: $25 per person Various locations throughout Old Town Alexandria 844-678-8687 Experience a haunting mixture of ghostly sights and pub crawling on this walking tour of historic Old Town Alexandria. Listen to creepy stories of ghosts and local history. Your costumed guide will take you in and out of several haunted pubs and other locations in Old Town. Hear about murder, death and tragic love stories as you walk along historical streets. Tours last about two hours, cover approximately one mile, Old Town Crier

OLD TOWN FARMERS MARKET Market Square 301 King Street Saturdays, 7 am – 12 Noon Year Round The Old Town Market is thought to be the one of nation’s oldest continuing markets operating since 1753. It is said that George Washington sent his products from Mount Vernon to be sold here. Today the plaza is a mecca for farmers and artists to sell their wares. The Market is a primary source for meats, dairy, fish, fruits, vegetables and flowers for all those who visit.

DEL RAY FARMERS MARKET Corner of Mt. Vernon and Oxford Avenues Saturdays, 8 am to Noon Year Round This market is strictly a producer grown market. Lots of fresh vegetables, fruits, fish and salmon, fresh mushrooms, baked goods, hard cider.  Farmers are within a 150 mile radius of Alexandria.  A non-profit is featured each weekend.

Del Ray Halloween Parade October 24th 2 p.m. Admission: Free Begins at Mount Vernon Ave. south of E. Bellefonte Ave.


and include plenty of time to calm your nerves will a few strong spirits along the way. Must be 21+ for this tour.

Discovering Alexandria Architecture Tour October 9th & November 13th at 10 a.m. Admission: $20 per person Carlyle House 121 N. Fairfax Street 703-549-2997 Alexandria has grown from a small town in the 18th century to a bustling small city in the 21st century. Join Carlyle House for a tour of Alexandria looking at the various architecture styles that adorn the city streets and make it one of the best places to live and CALENDAR > PAGE 7

OLD TOWN NORTH FARMERS & ARTISANS MARKET Montgomery Park 901 North Royal Street Thursdays, 3 pm – 7 pm Year Round Alexandria’s favorite dog friendly market! The Old Town North Thursday Market is a growers only market with a focus on produce from small family farms and local artisans. Products sold at the market include fresh fruits and veggies from Virginia’s Northern Neck, Micro Greens from an urban farm, Empanadas, Fresh baked pastries with a European flair and much more.

FOUR MILE RUN FARMERS & ARTISANS MARKET 4109 Mount Vernon Avenue Sundays, 9 am – 1 pm Year Round This market offers fresh, nutritious food to people of all income levels and strives to reflect the diversity of Alexandria’s community. Local artisans display their arts and crafts as well Due to the restrictions of the pandemic, all guidelines suggested by the CDC, the Virginia Department of Health and the City of Alexandria are followed by the market managers and the vendors at these markets. October 2021 | 3




Get Fixed at The Physical Therapy Zone


eading an active life can sometimes result in accidents where medical treatment is necessary and then physical therapy to return our bodies to the condition prior to the accident or incident. In 1968 I fractured my right femur in a motorcycle accident. I was six weeks in traction, six weeks in a body cast. The cast didn’t work so the doctors decided to insert a rod inside the femur and graft a portion of my hip bone around the break. When all of this was over, I could not have physical therapy to get my knee to bend more than 30 degrees for fear of causing a separation of the break. Over time the break healed, the rod was removed and I became active again even to the point of wrecking another motorcycle (only broke a tooth) and learning to play rugby. By constant use I 4 | October 2021

achieved 90 degree movement over the next 50 years. Seven months ago I had my knee replaced. I was standing on the leg a day after surgery and even taking some steps. After the use of a walker for a few days, I was walking on my own but I had limited movement in the knee due to scar tissue. I needed physical therapy. Through therapy we got the knee to bend as much as 110 degrees and that is where it stands now. My therapy began in Calvert County near the hospital where I had the surgery but also near a friend’s house where I spent the first two weeks in rehabilitation. When I returned to Old Town I continued my therapy at The Physical Therapy Zone in Old Town. Dr. Lori Alexander began her career as a physical therapist working for the prestigious Mayo Clinic in

Rochester, Minnesota after graduating from Boston University. During her five years at the Mayo Clinic she specialized in both outpatient and inpatient orthopedics, pediatrics and vestibular rehabilitation. In 2001, Alexander moved to Alexandria and worked for seven years at Virginia Hospital Center in Arlington specializing in orthopedics. In 2008, she started her own home health physical therapy private practice. It was then that she noticed a shift in the practice of physical therapy - a move by many clinics away from a patient-centered practice, toward a model where patient visits included only a brief time with the physical therapist and the remainder of the treatment alone on a treatment table, with numerous patient’s sideby-side. Dr. Alexander recognized

Lori Alexander, Proprietor the need for a better way to provide physical therapy, comprised of greater personalized care in a warm and inviting setting. In 2011, she opened her own outpatient physical therapy practice to provide this level

of care. When searching for the location of her new clinic she purposely chose Old Town Alexandria so that she could be in the middle of all BUSINESS PROFILE > PAGE 5

Old Town Crier


the Internet may have on us as individuals and on society, then researchers can’t ignore Internet cats anymore. We all have watched a cat video online, but there is really little empirical work done on why so many of us do this, or what effects it might have on us,” added Myrick. “As a media researcher and online cat video viewer, I felt compelled to gather some data about this pop culture phenomenon.” In Myrick’s study it was found that people were often more energetic and felt more positive after watching catrelated online media, they had fewer negative emotions, and the pleasure they got from watching cat videos outweighed any guilt they felt about procrastinating. She concluded that her results suggest that online cat videos could be used as a form of low-cost pet therapy. She stated that, “Even if they are watching cat videos on You Tube to procrastinate or while they should be working, the emotional pay-off may actually help people take on tough tasks afterward.”

Even while writing this article; I ended up watching several cat videos, such as Aaron’s Animals and Cole and Marmalade. Although it did delay the completion of this column - and along with one of my three cats, constantly walking over my keyboard it did give me an emotional boost to finish. Many people indicated they also produce their own catrelated media to post online, which often amass comments and “likes”. Online cat-media consumption is therefore an interactive process where media consumers can be media producers and media critics, all in the same space. I personally know this as my social media page is full of videos and pictures of my three four pawed felines. I receive a positive emotional response from the reactions of others viewing my cat pictures and videos. So maybe a new motivational and inspiring way for employers to increase employee performance will be to take time to watch a few cat videos. Next time you are caught at work watching a cat video, you can say it is Emotional Therapy!

OLD TOWN Mini-Mart


the action and many of her customers could walk to the clinic. I happen to live three and a half blocks away. After my knee replacement I was apprehensive about therapy, but realized for success it was necessary. The old adage “no pain, no gain” is true for physical therapy, but a well-trained therapist makes the work more efficient and reassuring. With each session I gained a little more flexibility in my is a slow process but worth the effort. The team of therapists at The Physical Therapy Zone are very good at what they do and always seem to get that extra effort out of their clients. The Zone treats sports injuries and all types of conditions including repetitive strain injuries, carpal tunnel syndrome, low back pain, motor vehicle accidents, work-related injuries, headaches, neck and shoulder pain, pain and numbness in the extremities, foot pain, and general joint discomfort. The aforementioned services are only a small Old Town Crier

The Author Working On Knee Rehab. window into the services they offer. One of the most over looked problems is balance. When I got my balance assessment I was surprised how bad it had become. It may be my age or leg strength

which is something I have to work on. If you are in need of a good local physical therapist, remember that The Physical Therapy Zone is right here in Old Town, Alexandria.

NOW OPEN! 822 King Street Old Town Alexandria, Virginia 703.549.7167 Open 5:00 am-Midnight October 2021 | 5


Which Witch is Which


itches were perceived as evil beings by early Christians in Europe, inspiring the iconic Halloween figure. Images of witches have appeared in various forms throughout history—from evil, wart-nosed women huddling over a cauldron of boiling liquid to hag-faced, cackling beings riding through the sky on brooms wearing pointy hats. In pop culture, the witch has been portrayed as a benevolent, nosetwitching suburban housewife; an awkward teenager learning to control her powers and a trio of charmed sisters battling the forces of evil. The real history of witches, however, is dark and, often for the witches, deadly. Early witches were people who practiced witchcraft, using magic spells and calling upon spirits for help or to bring about change. Most witches were thought to be pagans doing the “Devil’s” work. Many, however, were simply natural healers or so-called “wise women” whose choice of profession was misunderstood. It’s unclear exactly when witches came on the historical scene, but one of the earliest records of a witch is in the Bible in the book of 1 Samuel, thought be written between 931 B.C. and 721 B.C. It tells the story of when King Saul sought the Witch of Endor to summon the dead prophet Samuel’s spirit to help him defeat the Philistine army. The witch roused Samuel, who then prophesied the death of Saul and his sons. The next day, according to the

Bible, Saul’s sons died in battle, and Saul committed suicide. Other Old Testament verses condemn witches, such as the oft-cited Exodus 22:18, which says, “thou shalt not suffer a witch to live.” Additional Biblical passages caution against divination, chanting or using witches to contact the dead.

‘Malleus Maleficarum’ Witch hysteria really took hold in Europe during the mid-1400s, when many accused witches confessed, often under torture, to a variety of wicked behaviors. Within a century, witch hunts were common and most of the accused were executed by burning at the stake or hanging. Single women, widows and other women on the margins of society were especially targeted. Between the years 1500 and 1660, up to 80,000 suspected witches were put to death in Europe. Around 80 percent of them were women thought to be in cahoots with the Devil and filled with lust. Germany had the highest witchcraft execution rate, while Ireland had the lowest. The publication of “Malleus Maleficarum”—written by two wellrespected German Dominicans in 1486—likely spurred witch mania to go viral. The book, usually translated as “The Hammer of Witches,” was essentially a guide on how to identify, hunt and interrogate witches. “Malleus Maleficarum” labeled witchcraft as heresy, and quickly became the authority for Protestants and

Catholics trying to flush out witches living among them. For more than 100 years, the book sold more copies of any other book in Europe except the Bible. In Virginia, people were less frantic about witches. In fact, in Lower Norfolk County in 1655, a law was passed making it a crime to falsely accuse someone of witchcraft. Still, witchcraft was a concern. About two-dozen witch trials (mostly of women) took place in Virginia between 1626 and 1730. None of the accused were executed.

Are Witches Real? One of the most famous witches in Virginia’s history is Grace Sherwood, whose neighbors alleged she killed their pigs and hexed their cotton. Other accusations followed and Sherwood was brought to trial in 1706. The court decided to use a controversial water test to determine her guilt or innocence. Sherwood’s arms and legs were bound and she was thrown into a body of water. It was thought if she sank, she was innocent; if she floated, she was guilty. Sherwood didn’t sink and was convicted of being a witch. She wasn’t killed but put in prison and for eight years. Modern-day witches of the Western World still struggle to shake their historical stereotype. Most practice Wicca, an official religion in the United States and Canada. Wiccans avoid evil and the appearance of evil at all costs. Their motto is to “harm none,” and they strive to live a peaceful, tolerant and balanced life in

tune with nature and humanity. Many modern-day witches still perform witchcraft, but there’s seldom anything sinister about it. Their spells and incantations are often derived from their Book of Shadows, a 20th-century collection of wisdom and witchcraft, and can be compared to the act of prayer in other religions. A modern-day witchcraft potion is more likely to be an herbal remedy for the flu instead of a hex to harm someone. Today’s witchcraft spells are usually used to stop someone from doing evil or harming themselves. Ironically, while it’s probable some historical witches used witchcraft for evil purposes, many may have embraced it for healing or protection against the immorality they were accused of. But witches—whether actual or accused—still face persecution and death. Several men and women suspected of using witchcraft have been beaten and killed in Papua New Guinea since 2010, including a young mother who was burned alive. Similar episodes of violence against people accused of being witches have occurred in Africa, South America, the Middle East and in immigrant communities in Europe and the United States. Publishers Note: Many thanks to the people who pulled together this information at and gave us permission to publish. Please subscribe to their newsletter for more topics like this.

Grace Sherwood-Midwife, Healer, Widow & Witch On July 10, 1706, a forty-six-year-old Princess Anne County woman named Grace Sherwood faced an unusual legal procedure. Her hands were tied and she was about to be thrown from a boat into a river as a test to see if she was a witch. For several years neighbors talked of how the midwife, healer, and widowed mother of three had ruined crops, killed livestock, and conjured up storms. Then in January of 1706 Luke Hill formally accused Sherwood of witchcraft. The case passed from the county court to the attorney general of Virginia without any judgment. Finally, authorities in Princess Anne County ordered that the accused be “ducked” in consecrated water to determine her guilt or innocence. By this ordeal, if she sank she would be declared innocent, but if she floated her identity as a witch would be proven. A spot in the Lynnhaven River, off what is today known as Witchduck Point, was chosen, and Grace Sherwood was bound and thrown from a boat. She managed to untie herself and rise to the surface, proving to those present that she was a witch. As punishment for her crime, Grace Sherwood spent seven years in jail. After her release the so-called “witch of Pungo” returned to her home and lived peacefully until her death around the age of eighty. On July 10, 2006, Gov. Tim Kaine restored Grace Sherwood’s good name, three hundred years to the day since the “ducking” ordeal that condemned her for witchcraft. 6 | October 2021

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work. Reservations are required as space is limited. Please wear comfortable shoes for this oneand-a-half hour guided tour. Tour is held rain or shine unless there is severe weather. 

Tell Me Your Name

October 22nd 5 p.m. Admission: $10 per person Carlyle House 121 N. Fairfax Street 703-549-2997 Join Carlyle House Historic Park staff for a tour focusing on the experiences of the enslaved community at Carlyle House and John Carlyle’s plantations. The guided tour will explore the historical context of slavery in 18th-century Alexandria and the importance of ongoing research efforts to connect with descendants. Reservations are required as space is limited.

Dogtoberfest in Old Town North

October 1st to 31st Various locations throughout Old Town North 703-836-8066 From October 1st through October

31st, Old Town North is going to the dogs with events sure to please our four-legged friends and their two-legged companions, from Paw and Palm reading at the Thursday Farmers Market, puppy pub crawls and trick-or-treating at the Thursday Market, there is much spooky fun to be had.

Spirits of Carlyle House

October 8th, 15th, 22nd and 29th 6 to 8:30 p.m. (Tours on the half hour) Admission: $10 per person Carlyle House 121 N. Fairfax Street 703-549-2997 Carlyle House’s long and diverse history is full of truths, myths and rumors that makes it one of the most visited places on Alexandria’s ghost tours. Come and experience a uniquely haunting tour of the house and grounds by candlelight, perhaps encounter the departed spirits of notable residents and neighbors and hear their tales of sadness and triumph. Reservations required due to limited space. Tours are on the half hour.

8th Annual Doggie Trick or Treat October 24th 1 to 5 p.m.

Admission: Free Begin at The Dog Park 705 King Street 703-888-2818 It’s that time of year again. You and your family—especially your doggies—are invited to come to Old Town and trick-or-treat together. There will be treats, sales and a costume contest. Come to The Dog Park in Old Town Alexandria to get your map and have pictures taken, then tour the rest of the participating stores to get more treats and find a sale or two in town.

Fall Harvest Festival at Mount Vernon October 23rd to 24th 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. Admission: $28 per adult; $15 per youth; free for children five and under and for members George Washington’s Mount Vernon 3200 Mount Vernon Memorial Hwy. 703-780-2000 Celebrate the crisp autumn season with 18th-century activities and demonstrations at the Farm at Mount Vernon. During this event, you can explore the farm, meet General Washington, watch beer-making demonstrations, see spinning

demonstrations and more. This event is included with admission and is free for Mount Vernon members.

Trick-or Treating at Mount Vernon

October 30th 2 to 6 p.m. Admission: General public: $25 per adult; $15 per youth; Members: $17 per adult; $9 per youth George Washington’s Mount Vernon Mount Vernon Memorial Hwy. 703-780-2000 Celebrate Halloween with 18thcentury entertainment and activities. Visit Mount Vernon in costume, watch Halloweenthemed Punch & Judy shows, see 18th-century chocolate-making demonstrations and more. Trickor-Treating at Mount Vernon takes place rain or shine.

Trick or Treat at Carlyle House

October 31st 4 to 6 p.m. (or until candy runs out) Admission: Free Carlyle House 121 N. Fairfax Street 703-549-2997

Join Carlyle House on All Hallow’s Eve for good old-fashioned trickery and treats. Bring your little ghosts, goblins, princesses and action heroes to one of Alexandria’s most haunted dwellings. Carlyle House staff will be handing out candy in individual bags. In case of inclement weather please, call the museum for event status.

COMING SOON! The 15th Annual Alexandria Film Festival November 11th to 14th Admission: $12 per showcase or $75 per All-Festival Pass The Alexandria Film Festival will take place as a hybrid event— virtual, with some in person events. The festival footprint is expanding this year to include a partnership with the Alexandria Symphony Orchestra, which will feature six original films and will be presented with a “live to picture” performance of the orchestra on November 6 and 7. This performance will be in person but will observe current safety protocols such as social distancing. To get the latest information, visit 

WHY RIDE So you can get home in time for family dinner. We’re increasing bus frequency, improving connections and going fare-free! Discover the New DASH Network at

Old Town Crier

October 2021 | 7



Build Your Portfolio on a Solid Foundation


sset allocation can be to investment planning what the foundation is to a house or the chassis is to a car. It’s what everything else is built upon. And just as important as constructing a house on a firm foundation, having the right asset allocation can be vital to helping you work toward your financial goals. Although the name may sound intimidating, asset allocation is just a technical term for a rather simple concept. It’s merely how your portfolio is divided up among different types of investments, such as stocks, bonds, and what are called “cash alternatives.”

How it works Using asset allocation to build a portfolio designed to help you reach your longterm goals requires taking three primary factors into consideration: Goals. These are simply what you’re investing the achieve. For many of us, a major goal is to enjoy a financially secure retirement. If you have younger children or grandchildren, helping them afford higher education without building a mountain of debt is likely another goal. Or maybe you’d also like to make a luxury purchase – such as buying a vacation home or dream car or taking an exotic vacation – down the road. Time horizon. One reason why knowing your goals is important is because it helps

determine your time horizon (how long you have until you need to tap into your investments). If you’re 28, for example, and want to retire at 68, your time horizon is 40 years. Simple as that. Risk tolerance. Your risk tolerance is the amount of volatility in your portfolio’s value you’re comfortable with. If you find you can’t sleep because you’re worried about your investments – especially when there’s market volatility – you probably need to adjust your asset allocation to suit your risk tolerance.

Putting the pieces together With those factors in hand,

you can begin to piece your asset allocation together. The primary building blocks, at least to begin with, are likely to include: Stocks. Historically, stocks have offered attractive returns, but along with those returns, there’s also been periods of volatility. If you’re young, you generally have a long time horizon – especially when it comes to retirement. That may allow you to have a larger allocation to stocks because you have longer to ride out any short-term market volatility that occurs. Bonds. One reason investors like bonds in a portfolio is because their prices have historically been relatively stable. By owning

bonds, an investor’s aim may be to help manage his or her portfolio’s overall value when there’s volatility in the stock market. The larger the proportion of bonds, the more steady the portfolio’s overall value should remain. Keep in mind, however, that bonds’ returns have been significantly less than stocks. Cash alternatives. These are relatively lower-risk, lowerreturn investments. On the upside, they can be easily be converted into cash when it’s needed. On the downside, their returns may not even keep up with inflation. Of course, there are many other investments to consider, many with varying degrees of historical risk vs. return.

Just remember that you should intend for each type of investment to play a particular role, such as providing the potential for growth or income or stability, in your overall allocation, and you need to understand the risks involved. Once you’ve decided on the types of investments to include, you need to determine how much of each is appropriate. If you’re looking to grow your investments’ value, you’ll likely have a larger stock allocation and a smaller one for bonds. The result would be a portfolio with more potential volatility than one with a larger proportion of bonds. You should ask yourself if that’s a trade-off you’re comfortable with.

Get help if you need it Although asset allocation is a relatively simple concept, you can see it has lots of “moving parts.” That’s one reason why many investors opt to work with a professional financial advisor. If you decide to seek help, look for an advisor who will first get to know you and then help create an investment plan that’s built around (what else?) an appropriate asset allocation. Asset allocation cannot eliminate the risk of fluctuating prices and uncertain returns.

This article was written by/for Wells Fargo Advisors and provided courtesy of Carl M. Trevisan, Managing Director-Investments and Stephen M. Bearce, First Vice PresidentInvestments in Alexandria, VA at 800-247-8602. Investments in securities and insurance products are: NOT FDIC-INSURED/NOT BANK-GUARANTEED/MAY LOSE VALUE Wells Fargo Advisors is a trade name used by Wells Fargo Clearing Services, LLC, Member SIPC, a registered broker-dealer and non-bank affiliate of Wells Fargo & Company. ©2020-2021 Wells Fargo Advisors Financial Network, LLC. All rights reserved. 8 | October 2021

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Ratification ERA


ometimes fate has a way of writing a new chapter. In truth, the ongoing fight for passage of the Equal Rights Amendment [ERA] has left me fatigued. But now—with New York Governor Andrew Cuomo’s resignation—for reason of sexual misconduct— the arrival of New York State’s first female Governor, the AFLCIO’s first female President— the political worm has turned. On March 17, 2021, the U.S. House of Representatives again passed the Equal Rights Amendment. My only question: By what date will Senate Judiciary Committee Chairman Dick Durbin [D-IL], Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer [D-NY] deliver an affirmative vote? The American Heritage dictionary defines chauvinism as the “prejudiced belief in the superiority of one’s own group.” The Oxford American Dictionary defines chauvinism as “excessive or prejudiced support or loyalty;” a male chauvinist as a “man showing excessive loyalty to men and prejudice against women.” The New Jersey constitution “granted the right to vote to ‘all free inhabitants’ thus enfranchising women until 1807: when a new state constitution restricted suffrage to males.” The U.S. Census Bureau defined the term free inhabitant in 1790. “Assistant marshals listed the name of each head of household, and asked the following questions: The number of free White males aged under 16 years, of 16 years and upward; Number of free White females; Number of other free persons, and Number of slaves. Free inhabitants were not listed individually until 1850. In one of the colonial era’s few examples of women’s suffrage, Old Town Crier

Lady Deborah Moody was permitted to vote in a Long Island town meeting in 1655. Of greater interest—to me at least—was the women’s literacy measure. “The determination was made on the basis of women’s ability to sign their names to documents with either an ‘X’ or a written signature. Massachusetts’ illiteracy rate was 50%, New Netherland’s 60%, and Virginia’s 75%. Henings Collection of the Laws of Virginia refers to femes covert—“orphans, femes covert and persons of unsound mind”—beginning in 1657-8. Sir William Blackstone described the doctrine of coverture in his 1765 Commentaries: “By marriage, the husband and wife are one person in law: that is, the very being or legal existence of the woman is suspended during the marriage, or at least is incorporated and consolidated into that of the husband: under whose wing, protection and cover, she performs everything; and is therefore called in our law—a feme-covert….” “A married woman or feme covert was a dependent, like an underage child or a slave, and could not own property in her own name or control her own earnings, except under very specific circumstances,” the Harvard Business School explained. “Many women were in a position of legal dependence as a result of their particular situation, be it youth, poverty, or enslavement.” “The doctrine’s empirical roots were in the customs of medieval Normandy,” author Norma Basch concluded. “The concept of marital unity’s… religious origins were in the one-flesh doctrine of Christianity.” Bottom line: abortion is controversial, vasectomies are not. The law of coverture

lingered until the 1970s. “The work experience of women is considerably influenced by their household duties and the presence of children,” the U.S. Census Bureau wrote in 1972. “For women 16 to 39 years old, that is, those more involved in childrearing only 36 percent worked 50 to 52 weeks in 1969.” In 1776 Abigail Adams lobbied husband, John, on behalf of women’s rights: “I desire you would Remember the Laidies, and be more generous and favourable to them than your ancestors. Remember all Men would be tyrants if they could. If perticular care and attention is not paid to the Laidies, we…will not hold ourselves bound by any Laws in which we have no voice or Representation.” Nowhere in the index to The Federalist Papers did I find a categorial listing for women.

I found only Virginian James Madison’s explanation of Negro slaves, Paper #54: “The federal constitution, therefore, decides with great propriety on the case of our slaves, when it views them in the mixed character of persons and of property. This is in fact their true character. It is the character bestowed on them by the laws under which they live…and it is admitted that if the laws were to restore the rights which have been taken away, the Negroes could no longer be refused an equal share of representation with the other inhabitants.” Were married women not also viewed “in the mixed character of persons and property?” The takeaway for Negroes voting rights; for women’s equal rights is? Mary Wollstonecraft’s A Vindication of the Rights of Women was first published in

1792, the same year Alexandria Quaker Edward Stabler opened his Apothecary shop. Free, as defined by the American Heritage dictionary: “(1) Not bound or constrained, at liberty; (2) Not under obligation or necessity; (3a) Having political independence, and (3b) Governed by consent and possessing civil liberties.” In the 1830s gender hierarchy, separate spheres, and marital unity defined the rules of engagement. In New York, in 1832, bridegroom and newspaper editor Robert Dale Owen, of Scotland and Indiana “wrote a bold” marriage contract: “Of the unjust rights which in virtue of this ceremony an iniquitous law tacitly gives me over the person and property of another, I cannot legally, but I can morally divest A BIT OF HISTORY > PAGE 10

October 2021 | 9


myself. And I hereby…declare that I consider myself…utterly divested, now and during the rest of my life, of any such rights ….” The State of New York took note and passed its model Married Women’s Property Act 16 years later. “[Man] has never permitted [woman] to exercise her inalienable right to elective franchise,” Quakers Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Cady Stanton wrote in their 1848 Seneca Falls Women’s Rights Convention Declaration of Sentiments. “He has compelled her to submit to laws, in the formation of which she had no voice; made her, if married, civilly dead; taken from her all rights in property, even to the wages she earns; and usurped the prerogative of Jehovah himself, claiming it as his right to assign for her a sphere of action, when that belongs to her conscience and her God.” Marital rape, a discussion topic in 1848, did not become a crime until 1976. “The history of marriage is one of both continuity and change,” U.S. Supreme Court Justice Anthony Kennedy wrote in Obergefell v. Hodges in 2015. “Changes, such as the decline of arranged marriages and the abandonment of the

law of coverture, have worked deep transformations in the structure of marriage… Changed understandings of marriage are characteristic of a Nation where new dimensions of freedom become apparent to new generations.” Victoria Woodhull New York stockbroker, newspaper publisher, divorcee, and Equal Rights Party candidate was the first woman to run for President—in 1872. Woodhull backed equal rights as does 2020 Presidential candidate, now Vice President and former U.S. Senator Kamala Harris [DCA]. Harris supports the ERA’s passage. Yet it remains stalled in the Senate. It was Radical Republicans who passed the 38th Senate’s Res.16, a law which included no time limit for ratification and became the constitution’s 13th Amendment. Amendment 13, as passed and ratified in 1865: “Section 1. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as punishment for a crime… shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.” Passage of Amendment 15 followed. The 19th Amendment, the women’s voting rights amendment was ratified in 1920. “To get the ‘male’ in effect out of the Constitution cost the women of the country 52 years of pauseless campaign

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[1868-1920],” Carrie Chapman Catt, President of the National American Woman Suffrage Association recounted. The 66th Congress, 1919-1921, included zero women. Quaker Alice Paul first introduced the Equal Rights Amendment in Seneca Falls, New York, in 1923. The amendment then read: “Men and women shall have equal rights throughout the United States and every place subject to its jurisdiction.” “President and Quaker Richard Nixon [1969-1974, R-CA]…publicly endorsed the Equal Rights Amendment in near verbatim terms both during his vice-presidency, and then presidential campaign of 1968,” the Nixon Library confirmed. “Under the Nixon administration Representative Martha Griffiths [D-MI] and Senator Birch Bayh [D-IN] pushed the ERA in Congress.” “Forty years ago, American women were given the constitutional right to vote,” Vice President Nixon wrote on September 2, 1960. “Today it is accepted as a matter of course that men and women have an equal election franchise in this country…. But the task of achieving Constitutional equality between the sexes still is not completed,” Nixon continued. “The platform adopted by the Republican National Convention…in July…supported the long-time movement for such equality when it said: ‘Congress should submit a Constitutional amendment providing equal rights for women’…. A[n] equal rights amendment…would add equality between the sexes to the freedoms and liberties guaranteed to all Americans,” Nixon concluded. The Equal Rights Amendment, January 18, 1972: “Section 1. Equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex.” Three states short and not yet ratified, Congress—at President Jimmy Carter’s (D-GA) urging— extended the 1979 deadline to 1982. Given Nevada, Illinois and Virginia’s more recent ratifications, the required 38 states, ERA activists now argue—contrary to a District Court ruling—“the ERA is already part of the formal Constitution—that there is nothing in the U.S. Constitution that sets a time limit on ratification.” Their example: the oft referred to James Madison “compensation” amendment, the constitution’s Amendment 27. One of the original 12

National Woman's Party activists watch Alice Paul sew a star onto the NWP Ratification Flag, representing another state's ratification of the 19th Amendment Amendments, it was passed by Congress September 25, 1789, and ratified 203 years later—on May 7, 1992. As for Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell’s (R-KY) tale: five states including Kentucky, Nebraska, Tennessee, Idaho and South Dakota have withdrawn their 1972 ratification votes. “The Kentucky legislature’s resolution to rescind ERA ratification was the object of a bitter fight,” The Washington Post reported in 1978. “Ratified in a special session in 1972, Lt. Gov. Thelma Stovall, an outspoken backer of the ERA, vetoed the [1978] measure.” McConnell’s conundrum: the constitution’s Article V speaks to ratification only; not rescindment, or as South Dakota says lapse. “In pleading our just cause before the bar of history…we shall be guided by certain fixed principles,” President Dwight Eisenhower [R-KS] said in his 1953 Inaugural Address. “Conceiving the defense of freedom, like freedom itself, to be one and indivisible, we hold all continents and peoples in equal regard and honor. We reject any insinuation that one race or another, one people or another is in any sense inferior….” “I will never consent to have our sex considered in an inferior point of light,” Abigail Adams wrote her sister Elizabeth 222 years ago, in 1799. “Let each planet shine in their own orbit, God and nature designed it so—if man is Lord, woman is Lordess—that is what I contend for—and if a woman does not hold the Reigns of Government, I see no reason for her not judging how they are conducted.” A 2020 poll found that the Equal Rights Amendment continues to have significant majority support nationally. Does the 1972 ERA have your support? Six states—in the absence of—have written “the

identical base text of the Equal Rights Amendment” into their constitutions: Maryland is one. We currently live in a pandemic era; women are stressed, and political chauvinism has no place. In 1970 the U.S. House of Representatives depended on a “discharge petition” to secure passage of the ERA. Why? Because “the Judiciary Committee never held hearings…during the 21 years that Representative Emanuel Celler [D-NY] has been its Chairman,” The New York Times said. Neither did the House Judiciary Committee hold hearings between November 15, 1983, and April 30, 2019. “Virginia’s historic vote to become the 38th state to ratify the ERA sends a clear message that this issue is as pertinent as ever,” House Judiciary Chairman Jerrold Nadler [D-NY] said soon after the Commonwealth’s January 15, 2020, vote. Now is the time to hold the 117th Senate accountable. A later reply may well involve the U.S. Supreme Court: or starting the Amendment ratification process over. Sarah Becker started writing for The Economist while a graduate student in England. Similar publications followed. She joined the Crier in 1996 while serving on the Alexandria Convention and Visitors Association Board. Her interest in antiquities began as a World Bank hire, with Indonesia’s need to generate hard currency. Balinese history, i.e. tourism provided the means. The New York Times describes Becker’s book, Off Your Duffs & Up the Assets, as “a blueprint for thousands of nonprofit managers.” A former museum director, SLAM’s saving grace Sarah received Alexandria’s Salute to Women Award in 2007. Old Town Crier



hile not generally a horror aficionado, I love suspense and will buy certain author’s sight unseen and reviews unread if they promise an exciting ride, particularly around Halloween. Recently I perused two new examples: The Maidens, by Alex Michaelides; When No One Is Watching, by Alyssa Cole. Michaelides’s first book, The Silent Patient, bolted out of the gate to a place on multiple bestseller lists. It had some unique plot twists that gave it a leg up with the public. Unfortunately, I did not find that to be the case with his sophomore effort, The Maidens. The plot felt forced, and the author pointed at one character as the prospective murderer so often that anyone who has ever read a whodunnit would suspect that he is not the guilty party. The main character, Mariana Andros, is a group therapist mourning her husband, who died in an accident in Greece. Her niece, Zoe, who is at Cambridge University, is stunned by the death of a friend, Tara, a member of a group of powerful, brilliant undergraduate women called the Maidens, acolytes Old Town Crier


of a charismatic, menacing professor of Greek mythology and drama and called Edward Fosca. Mariana decides to go to Cambridge and bring her therapeutic skills to bear on the group dynamics surrounding the Maidens as one after another succumbs to a killer. I would not recommend this mythology-tinged book to anyone looking to be held in thrall. The writing is clunky, the characters are two-dimensional, and the unexpected denouement is entirely unconvincing. Give this one a miss. When No One Is Watching, by Alyssa Cole, is more than a mystery—it’s a fictional horror story and thriller about urban development, communities displaced by gentrification, social justice, African-American history, and racial politics. The main character, Sydney Green, is an African-American woman who has grown up on the fictional Gifford Place, an area with brownstone buildings reminiscent of traditional working-class neighborhoods in Brooklyn. Sydney is struggling to keep her mother’s brownstone as her Black neighbors and friends are being forced out by rising costs along with other,

more insidious reasons. These neighbors start to disappear in mysterious ways or get arrested for false reasons under strange circumstances as whiter, middle-class residents move into the area, creating a greater and greater sense of unease for Sydney and her community. Under the guise of revitalization, it shows how gentrification perpetuates inequality and ramps up police brutality as developers find ways to shove out traditional populations, perpetuating racism on multiple levels. Sydney becomes acquainted with a white neighbor, Theo, who buys a house on Gifford Place with his white girlfriend, Kim, before THE LAST WORD > PAGE 13

October 2021 | 11




all is upon us. That means crisp cool air, leaves changing color, and my personal favorite… pumpkin-spice lattes. As I was searching for music to bring you this fall season, I came across a tune called “Good Ones” by Charlie XCX. This is a song that is sure to add plenty of upbeat fun to your autumn excursions. It’s also extremely easy to listen to. I think I went through it five times after finding it. As someone who enjoys his fair share of music, I have to say “Good Ones” stands out among the bulk of today’s pop music. With smart and minimal production, Charli XCX delivers a song that sounds modern, and at the same time, like a 1980s classic. The song begins with a punchy synth bass followed by an ultra-catchy verse melody. In addition to a great melody, the honest nature of the lyrics further deepens the connection between artist and audience by giving the listener a glimpse

12 | October 2021

of the singer’s struggles with relationships. With relaxed yet lively energy, Charlie XCX delivers the lines, “I wish you gave me a reason / That you were better at leavin’ / That you got your kicks from seein’ me low / I always let the good ones go”. For the second half of the first verse, a saturated four-onthe-floor drum beat is added. Additionally, the central hook– “I always let the good ones go”– is further established with its repetition at the end of the first verse. As the chorus is introduced, the bass and drums drop out, and a simple four-chord pattern is delivered with a smooth synth pad. The vocal is prominently nested in the mix with multiple layers and extensive processing which includes heavy saturation,

compression, stereo width, and slapback delay. I’m particularly struck by how much energy is created on the chorus in spite of its sparse instrumentation. It feels like so much more is going on when you’re just listening to the track. Charli XCX shows great pop sense on “Good Ones” in that she doesn’t bury the gold of the song under too much arrangement. Instead, she removes everything that is not needed, allowing the essential elements to shine brighter. After the chorus, Charli XCX lifts the song even higher with a knockout post-chorus. Before the beat drops, we hear the line “I always let the good ones go”, with the word “go” extending into a fantastic melody that carries throughout the section. I’m always impressed when a

song has a strong post-chorus. An expansive feeling that reaches beyond satisfaction is created when an artist is able to deliver something that brings the energy up even higher than the chorus. It’s a technique that breaks your “guessing machine” and allows a listener to get lost in the music. In addition to “Good Ones” being a big hit, Charli XCX has several performances lined up for October with stops in New York, Columbia, and London. If you’d like to learn more about Charli XCX you can find her on TikTok, Instagram, Facebook, and Twitter. If you’d like to listen to her music you can find it on Spotify, Apple Music, YouTube, and most places music is streamed or sold. Ron Powers is an independent A&R specialist and music industry consultant, and is constantly searching for, discovering and writing about new talent. Old Town Crier


they split up romantically. As Sydney designs a historical tour around the neighborhood to make sure that the African-American aspects of its past are understood, Theo asks to join her as a photographer. When they delve into the past, they better understand the changes being forced upon Gifford Place by local developers and those moving into the neighborhood, all of whom seem to be in league with police officers. In becoming romantically attached to Sydney, Theo better understands her perspective on minorities being forced out of their homes by urban developers. I was not expecting to find such an interesting combination of themes in a thriller. Having lived in many cities, I was glad to read a Black woman’s perspective on gentrification, one that will stay with me. In fact, this book approaches so many facets of gentrification’s problems that it becomes

a history of its racism in Brooklyn and a polemic against it, along with a thriller as life on Gifford Place becomes increasingly creepy. While genuinely interesting in some of its ideas, Cole tries to do too much and becomes uneven, notably hitting a moderate pace, slowing down, and then going from zero to sixty in a couple of seconds. It is underdeveloped in some areas. It tries to be history, sociology, suspense, and horror, without ever becoming a great example of any of these genres. Also, the Black people in the book are normal, good neighbors, and almost every White person is overtly, criminally racist. It seems to be a mash-up of every Black person’s fears about not just what goes bump in the night, but also White prejudices, violence, and dismissal that bump up against them, especially in light of making way for gentrification. If you want to see a rough cinematic equivalent to When No One is Watching, it would be Jordan Peele’s provocative, high-quality horror film Get

A Rock & Roll Weekend


Tales of a Rock & Roll Photographer

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Out, in which a white woman brings her Black boyfriend home to meet an increasingly eerie family with seemingly liberal values who end up displaying none of them. Yet Peele’s film is more complete within itself. It does not try to be an interesting history of African-American settlement in a city, a tale of neighbors helping one another, and an over-the-top Halloweenworthy horror story to boot. The pacing is very uneven in this book as a result of its author’s ambitions. While genuinely interesting in certain ways, Cole’s When No One Is Watching tries to do too much. It tries to be history, sociology, suspense, and horror, without ever becoming a great example of any of these genres. Yet at least it is a conversation starter that takes on themes that thread through a sharptongued, middling thriller and make it memorable. Although it did not always make me suspend my disbelief, at least I will not forget it or its lingering sense of unease.

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October 2021 | 13


EunSun, Charcoal on repurposed cardboard and paper by Courtney Applequist


uess where I am heading as I write this article? As soon as I am finished, a packed van full of artwork and yours truly is driving to New York City, masks on hand and my vaccine card in pocket to participate in the Fall edition of the Affordable Art Fair in Chelsea. I’m always preaching art fairs and how galleries, and art spaces, and art non-profits should participate in these fairs to expand the exposure (and sales) of their member artists. I am looking at you Art League! Will report next month. There are some very cool shows coming to the DMV this October, none more interesting (and I’ll explain why later) than Courtney Applequist’s solo show, which runs through October 30 at Foundry Gallery in the District. Titled “Moment of Interrogation”, the show is 14 | October 2021

Kysha Study, Charcoal on paper by Courtney Applequist

a fascinating example of a highly talented artist, armed with formidable technical skills, who severs her visual connections with earlier work and embarks on a new visual journey. Although this is no surprise to those who follow the work and life trajectory of great visual art names such as Gerhardt Richter, and earlier the great and terrible Pablo Picasso, it is nonetheless always a pleasant attack to the visual senses when you first “re-learn” the artwork of an artist whose work you know… or think that you know. Applequist most recent visual arts project was “done in a period of admiration, Angela, Mixed Media by Courtney Applequist reciprocity and humanity in response to the culmination of events of 2020-21.” In a radical departure from her previous painting focus, the new work includes wallsize drawings on repurposed GALLERY BEAT > `PAGE 15

Inward/Outward, Oil on Board by Courtney Applequist

Applequist & Mays Old Town Crier


Above: Rich Soil by Mays on exhibit at Hillwood Right: Legacy, painted steel and wire, by Mays


cardboard, paper sculpture and augmented reality video integration. “For the past eight months, I have been working on a collaborative social art project, Taxonomy of Breathing, that investigates our current societal moment through the lens of breath”, Applequist notes. “Police brutality, smoke and wildfire, COVID attacking the lungs — breath connects them all; and in following the thread of breath through spiritual and healing practices, we discovered a platform of connection across cultural boundaries to listen and to heal. “ The exhibition manifests these points through large portrait drawings, some elegantly disassembled into multiple cut-outs which deliver that frightening sense of urgency which is so wellknown to asthma sufferers. This show is definitely not only a success story for this artist, but also a remarkable

signpost for our current times. There’s also a very cool show (titled “Rich Soil”) by Kristine Mays at The Hillwood Estate, Museum & Gardens, and in conjunction with that show, DC’s Zenith Gallery will be exhibiting Kristine Mays’ new works at the gallery. Working with hard rigid wire, Kristine Mays has captured humanity -- revealing strength, perseverance, and resilience. This exhibition “carries themes of multiple identities, love, community, survival, life and pain, and explores the reality of how we see ourselves and others.” Mays uses hundreds of pieces of wire to create intricate sculptures that capture the human form to reflect upon what is inward.


She says: “I create the outer shell, the exterior of a human being, but provoke you to see what’s within. Memories and the way we have loved one another far outweigh our status or possessions -and yet sometimes a simple dress or a body in motion may trigger a memory from the past, allowing us to visit that which has imprinted our lives.” Weight of the World: New works by Kristine Mays is at Zenith Gallery through October 16, 2021, and “RICH SOIL Kristine Mays” is at Hillwood Museum & Gardens (4155 Linnean Ave NW, Washington, DC 20008) through January 9, 2022. The Hillwood installation is an outdoor work.

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October 2021 | 15



Photos: Scott Dicken


Victoria Falls:


ou can hear the Falls before you’re close to seeing them. A gentle murmur slowly transitioning to a deafening roar as a fine mist generated from the world’s largest curtain of water soaks you through. There’s no doubt that Victoria Falls, one of the natural wonders of the world, is a riot for the senses. Whether it be from the Zambian or Zimbabwean side of the border, a visit to Victoria Falls is a highlight for any Southern Africa tourist itinerary. But what should you know before you go, and what are the top facts and history behind Africa’s most famous natural landmark? Read on to find out!

Take Photos Leave Footprints Top Victoria Falls Facts Although most people associate Victoria Falls with its “discovery” by David Livingstone, the area surrounding the Falls has been the site of numerous settlements dating back as far as 3 million years ago. That said, it wasn’t until Livingstone, a Scottish missionary exploring the Upper Zambezi between 1852 and 1856, was introduced to the Falls by the Makololo tribe that it came to the collective conscience of the Western world on November 17, 1855. Until that time the Falls were known by their local name, “Mosi-oaTunya”, which translates to “the smoke that thunders” and is still the name of a National Park on the Zambian side of the Falls. But on that fateful day in 1855 the Falls got their better-known name in honor of the British Monarch of the time.

Here are the Take Photos Leave Footprints top 10 facts about the Falls: • Together with the Aurora Borealis, Rio de Janeiro harbor, the Grand Canyon, the Great Barrier Reef, Mount Everest and Paricutin Volcano in Mexico, Victoria Falls is one of the Seven Natural Wonders of the World. • Whilst Victoria Falls can’t claim to be the highest or the widest waterfall in the world, the combination of the Falls’ width and height do make it the largest falling curtain of water in the world. • Victoria Falls is home to a unique phenomenon known as a moonbow. When the sun sets on a full moon, the moonbow lasts from sunset to sunrise as a result of the moon’s light reflecting off the Falls’ spray. • The Falls have five primary sections that span 5,500ft. One of the five, the Eastern Cataract, is in Zambia. The other four, Devils Cataract, Main Falls, Horseshoe Falls and Rainbow Falls, are in Zimbabwe. • At its deepest point the gorge below the falls is 360ft deep. • During the annual rains, up to 300,000 gallons of water pour over the Falls every single second. • Victoria Falls was officially awarded UNESCO World Heritage Site status in 1989. • During the height of the rains the spray from the Falls can be seen from up to 30-miles away. • That same spray means that several species of flora otherwise unseen in the area can grow in and around the falls. This includes several palm species and ebony. • The name “Victoria Falls” was given to the Falls by David Livingstone as a tribute to Queen Victoria.

16 | October 2021

Old Town Crier


Practical Information When is the Best Time to Visit Victoria Falls? Put simply, there’s a lot to factor into the equation, and there is no perfect answer (except to say that any time is a good time). Some factors to consider include: The Falls are at their roaring best in the wet season between November and March (although, to be honest, they’re stunning year-round). The surrounding safari wildlife is always best viewed during the dry season which is from June until October. If you’re more worried about the weather, then you’ll need to remember that the summer, which lasts from about September until April, can get hot (and humid from November). Winters, which last from May until August, are much milder. During the wet season, particularly between December and April, mosquitoes are more prevalent.

Where Should I stay? As the Falls are on the border of Zambia and Zimbabwe you have the option of staying in either country. On the Zambian side is Livingstone Town. If you want to stay on the Zimbabwe side, you’ll need to find accommodation in Victoria Falls Town. Both sides have an abundance of accommodation options and getting across the border is a breeze, particularly if you can get yourself a KAZA visa. That means you can see the Falls from both countries within a single day.

How Do I Get There? The area is served by two international airports; Victoria Falls Airport – which is a 30-minute drive from the Falls, and Livingstone International Airport (also known as Harry Mwanga Nkumbula International Airport) which is about a 15-minute drive from the Falls. Quite frankly, accessibility couldn’t get much better. If you’re flying longhaul then you’re likely going to have a layover in Johannesburg (South African Airlines), Addis Ababa (Ethiopia Airlines) or Nairobi (Kenyan Airlines) before the final short leg into the Falls area.

How Much Are Entry Permits and Which Side is Best? At the time of writing, it’s USD 30 to enter on the Zimbabwe side and USD 20 to enter on the Zambian side. If you want to visit both sides that obviously means a total of USD 50 (excluding extra visa costs you might incur to traverse between the two countries).

How Else Can I Experience the Falls? If you’re looking for more than just seeing the Falls, then you’ll be pleased to know that both Victoria Falls Town and Livingstone Town offer an abundance of other ways to experience them. That includes white water rafting, bridge tours, luxury train tours, and sightseeing by microlight and by helicopter. If those options don’t get your adrenaline pumping sufficiently then there are also bungee jump and gorge swing options nearby.

Old Town Crier

If you want to learn more, or are interested in visiting the Victoria Falls area, then be sure to check out takephotosleavefootprints.comfor more information. October 2021 | 17




our phone starts blaring with a flash flood alert, and you are urged to evacuate. An ice storm takes down power lines, leaving your neighborhood in the dark, with no heat for days. Intense 100+ degree temperatures overwhelm your A/C, and no one is available to fix it for a week. If an emergency situation requires you to leave your home, you need to be ready to move not only people, but also your pets. A little planning and advance preparation can save time, stress, and even your pet’s life when you have to leave quickly. Luckily, organizations such as the ASPCA, the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), and the Animal Welfare League of Alexandria (AWLA) have prepared comprehensive, easyto-access resources to guide pet owners in planning the best outcome for the worst situations. Pet emergency preparedness focuses on two main components: 1. Creating an evacuation plan; and 2. Preparing an emergency kit for your pets.

Creating An Evacuation Plan The biggest hurdle in evacuating pets is often understanding where you can safely go together or apart. Depending on the situation, one option may be better than 18 | October 2021

Emergency Preparedness Planning for Your Pet’s Safety and Your Peace of Mind

TOP: [Hurricane Katrina] New Orleans, La., September 10, 2005 -- Rescued animal from New Orleans arive at New Orleans airport were FEMA's DMATs have set up operations. Photo: Michael Rieger/FEMA

RIGHT: [Hurricane Ike] Galveston Island, TX, September 17, 2088 -Birds displaced by Hurricane Ike are at a local shelter set up by the Humane Society where volunteers from around the country are helping to rescue animals displaced by the hurricane. Jocelyn Augustino/FEMA

another so it’s good to have several mapped out: Friends and family buddy system. Work with your petloving neighbors and family members to develop a goto list of people who agree to care for each other’s pets during emergency situations/ evacuations, whether it’s offering shelter for people and pets, caring for pets during an emergency if owners have to

be elsewhere, or evacuating and caring for pets if the owner can’t. Boarding kennels and facilities. Get a list of preferred boarding kennels and facilities from your veterinarian or other trusted sources. Contact them regarding procedures and availability during emergency situations. Hotels. If there is no other

option or if you’d prefer a hotel, make sure you know which hotels/ chains are pet friendly. Check out www. to help you locate a pet friendly hotel. Shelters. The City of Alexandria Office of Emergency Management (OEM) and AWLA establish shelters at local schools and recreation centers to provide emergency shelter for residents and their pets who have nowhere else to go during emergency situations. Keep contact information for OEM or AWLA animal control on hand to determine available temporary shelter sites. In addition to shelter options, your evacuation plan should include: • Getting your pet

microchipped, if not already done, and making sure that your contact information on file with the microchip company is up to date, including an out-of-area contact. • Making sure your vehicle has room to quickly stow or secure your pets and evacuation kits. • Preparing a note to place securely on your door that your pets have been evacuated safely for rescuers or friends/family checking on your house.

Preparing Evacuation Kits The second major component of the emergency evacuation equation is preparing “to-go” kits for each pet. Prepare an individualized kit for each pet, if possible. Make sure you keep all items together in an easy-to-reach spot. Also, make sure you update the kit regularly so items, especially food and medications, are not expired when you need to use them. The most basic kit contents are food and water, of course, but for your pet’s safety and comfort, experts agree that your kit should include the following: Food. Several days’ supply of food in an airtight, waterproof


Old Town Crier


container. If your pet only eats wet food, include easy-open cans and a plastic lid. Water. A water bowl (regular or collapsible) and several days’ supply of water. Meds. An extra supply of any necessary pet medication in a waterproof container. If meds require refrigeration, keep a small ice pack in your freezer that you can quickly stow in a baggie or insulated bag to keep meds cool. First-aid kit. You can purchase generic, preprepared kits, or you can make your own; check with your vet first on any specific needs for your pet. ASPCA offers a great resource for building your own at https:// how-make-pet-first-aid-kit. ID information. In addition to microchipping, provide a collar with ID tag and a harness or leash for dogs (or other pets that walk on a leash). For other pets, have an ID card. Pet boarding instruction sheet. If someone else will be caring for your pet, an instruction sheet should be placed with your pet or attached to the carrier like the one at https:// resources/disaster-prep-PetInformation-for-Boarding. pdf. Traveling bag, crate, or carrier. Have one enclosed

and safe transport for each pet. Grooming items. Pet shampoo, animal-safe wipes, brushes and combs in case your pet needs some cleaning. Sanitation needs. Appropriate pet litter and litter box (disposable boxes pre-filled with cat litter are available), newspapers, paper towels, plastic trash bags, poop bags, bleach or other cleaning/disinfecting agent.

For more comprehensive information about preparing you and your pet before, during, and after emergency evacuation situations, check out the source links below.


A picture of you and your pet together. In case you get separated, a picture will help document ownership and help in identifying your pet.

Items familiar to your pet for comfort. Treats, toys, and bedding. While most pet owners will be preparing kits for dogs and cats, the ASPCA has a list of evacuation considerations for birds, reptiles and other less usual pets at https:// general-pet-care/disasterpreparedness. Once you have your plan in place and your emergency togo kit(s) prepared, you have a better chance at safely and calmly evacuating your pet(s) during an emergency.

About the Author: Lisa Velenovsky is a long-time resident of Alexandria, an animal lover and a volunteer at King Street Cats. She wishes to thank her cats Windsor, Nina and Parker for all their “help” in completing this article.



4101 Eisenhower Avenue Alexandria, VA 703-746-4774 Mon-Fri, 1-8 pm Closed Wed Sat & Sun, 12-5 pm Old Town Crier




7-year-old terrier mix, Jack, and 12-year-old miniature schnauzer mix, Zoe, are the perfect pair.  They’ve lived together for Jack’s whole life and go together like peanut butter and jelly, peanut butter and bananas or peanut butter and fluff (they really like peanut butter!).  Jack takes the lead on snuggling, while Zoe is an expert walker, but together, they will expand your family exponentially.  Schedule time to meet them at

8-year-old Missy is an Office “Meow-nager” supreme! Though she is currently supervising an office of one at the AWLA, she looks forward to expanding her role to supervise one, two or even four people in a home office setting.  Whether it’s keeping your seat warm or making sure your keyboard gets enough typing, Missy will be there by your side to make sure you’re reaching peak productivity.  To check out her full resume, visit

Theodore Rabbit thinks it’s funny that he is a Himalayan, when as far as he knows, he’s never been further than Maryland! At 4 years old, what Theodore lacks in worldliness, he more than makes up for in snuggliness.  Theodore is currently staying with a foster family, but if you’d like to learn more or schedule time to meet him, email adopt@ or call 703.746.4774 x2.

The AWLA has a lot of amazing adoptables at the Vola Lawson Animal Shelter and even more in foster care throughout the community. Meet some of our foster favorites and schedule time to meet them by emailing October 2021 | 19


A Great Reason to Visit St. Barth in Early November

CJ’s Travelers’ Choice Awards 2021

Top: Villa Indian Song - St. Barth Above: WIMCO Villa on St. Barth Right: Caribbean Rum Award Concoctions


arly November is one of the best times to visit the remarkable French Caribbean island of St Barth. You won’t find the crowds of December and January, but the villas, hotels, restaurants and hotspots are open. Here’s all you need to know about where to stay on the island - and here’s how to get there  The weather is just about perfect, that unparalleled hybrid between summer heat and winter cool.  But there’s one particularly great reason to visit St Barth in November: the Caribbean Rum Awards (www.caribbeanrumawards. com), set for Nov. 2-7, 2021 in St Barth.  Now in its fourth year, it’s an epic, week-long celebration of the greatest rums (and cigars) on earth, a gourmand’s delight that indulges in all of the things that make fine rum such a magical Caribbean product.  While it’s anchored by a panel of international judges testing the world’s leading 20 | October 2021

It’s the largest community of experts on Caribbean travel anywhere: Caribbean Journal readers. 

bottles of rum, this is an event that’s really designed for travelers — a way to journey the Caribbean by sampling its finest gastronomic export. Every day is filled with indulgent experiences — chances to try the rarest rum and rhum agricole; to explore the nexus between rum and cigars; and to embark on culinary odysseys in one of the world’s true culinary capitals.  Just imagine yourself in your WIMCO villa, sipping on rare aged rhum from Martinique, peering out at the bustle of Gustavia or the placid waves of Grand Cul de Sac, followed by an evening at the Caribbean’s most legendary rum bar for rum and Davidoffs.  Or imagine enjoying a multi-course pairing

And now the Caribbean Journal Travelers’ Choice Awards are back, featuring the best of the Caribbean travel industry as voted by CJ readers. Caribbean Journal’s editorial team of unmatched Caribbean travel authorities have nominated candidates in 20 different categories, from luxury hotels to meetings destinations to villa companies.  “This year’s CJ Travelers’ Choice Awards highlight properties, destinations and companies defined by excellence,” said Alexander Britell, editor and publisher of Caribbean Journal. “Our audience is an unparalleled community of the most frequent travelers to the Caribbean on the planet, and we’re so excited to give them a chance to celebrate their favorite places in the region.”  Voting has officially kicked off, running through the end of October; the winners will be announced on Nov. 15.  Voting is limited to one entry per person. 

For more visit and pull up Caribbean Travelers’ Choice Awards. 


Old Town Crier


of molecular gastronomy and rum cocktails at the island’s buzzy eatery, the Quarter Kitchen and Cocktail Lab. Whether you’re attending master classes from worldrenowned rum companies like Rhum Neisson and Velier;

sampling expressions and conversing with distillers at the Accutron Rum Expo; or watching top bartenders compete at the island-wide cocktail competition, it’s a week of seemingly neverending gourmet experiences.  And it’s accessible — whether you’re a rum collector or simply want to

get introduced to the world of fine Caribbean rum, you’re welcome here. But most importantly, it’s not just a great week of rum — it’s a great week in St Barth, which, for the uninitiated, is as great a week as you can spend anywhere on earth.  For more on tickets, visit 

Now that we're all working remotely

Wouldn't you REALLY rather work from the beach?

The OTC is happy to partner with Alexander Britell, Founder and Editor-In-Chief of the Miami, Florida based Caribbean journal, and his staff. Check them out online at for valuable information on all of the fabulous travel options and things of interest in the Caribbean.

NAPLES FL TOPS THE LIST FOR BEST BEACHES IN USA BEACHFRONT SEASONAL RENTAL AVAILABLE Naples has again claimed the top spot by Travel and Leisure and several other groups for best beach town in the US. The jewel of SW Florida’s Paradise Coast has sugar sand beaches, turquoise clear waters and every amenity worthy of a world class resort town. Seasonal lease of well furnished 2BR 2BA condo in the very best beachfront location is available this winter (90 day minimum lease term). No finer view from inside and better beach access at any price and most rentals in area start at twice the price. Includes carport parking, heated pool, elevators and privacy; uncrowded beach and, onsite management. Photo is the view from inside! Call (no texts), email or visit our Facebook page @NaplesOceanfrontCondo. 540-364-9480 •


Ann Street Gardens


ey west getawa


As featured on HGTV and winner of “Bang For Your Buck” in St. Thomas. This recently renovated villa resides on the edge of a cliff 200 feet above the Atlantic Ocean crashing onto the rocks below. The best location on the island—a private, secure, gated community of luxury villas—the villa offers spectacular views of the Atlantic and various islands including St. John, Jost Van Dyke and Tortola. The main house has 3 bedrooms with a detached cottage with its’ own queen size bed. Large deck, pool and spa. Phone 703 628-9005 • Fax 703 765-5900

Key West Getaway One Block from Sloppy Joe’s Contact: • 1-800-654-5131 Old Town Crier

October 2021 | 21



MARYLAND Patapsco Valley State Park Patapsco Valley State Park extends along 32 miles of the Patapsco River, encompassing 16,043 acres and eight developed recreational areas. Along with leaf peeping, there are lots of opportunities to hike, fish, camp, canoe, ride horseback, and mountain bike.

Terrapin Nature Park


utumn always seems to sneak up. Slowly, the heat and humidity of summer is replaced with cooler, drier days. Here and there, autumn colors peek out of the green landscape. Then, before you know it, nature’s festival of color is in full swing. And just as quickly, it seems, the brilliant fall hues are replaced by dismal browns, and leaves carpet our lawns and gardens. Actually, this leaf shedding process, known as abscission, begins before the colors appear. As summer’s heat fades, the cells where the leaf stem is attached to the tree toughen and begin to form a protective waterproof scar. The cells in the leaf stem swell, weaken and degenerate. This interferes with the flow of moisture and nutrients into the leaf, reducing the production of chlorophyll, which gives leaves their green color. The leaf is the food factory for the tree. Chlorophyll in a leaf uses the sun’s energy to convert carbon dioxide and water into sugar, which is food for the tree. As the days shorten, there is less sunlight to manufacture food. Nutrients and minerals are withdrawn from leaves and transported to the permanent parts of trees, such as the trunk, stems and roots. Chlorophyll breaks down. But leaves contain other pigments that give them their fiery fall colors. These colors are hidden in the spring and summer by the abundance of chlorophyll. Leaves reveal their autumn colors as chlorophyll breaks down and other pigments are unmasked. The pigment called xanthophyll gives leaves a yellow color, and carotene produces yellow-orange. Leaves continue to produce 22 | October 2021

sugar during the day, but colder night temperatures prevent trees from withdrawing the food from the leaves. Sunny days and cool nights can produce anthocyanin, a sugar-related pigment that turns leaves fiery red. Other chemicals and breakdown products give us bronze, purple and crimson hues. The leaves of birches, beeches and tulip poplars turn golden. Sassafras leaves take on an orange tone. One of the more colorful trees, the sugar maple, may assume a yellow, orange, or red color — or any combination of these hues. The biochemistry that determines which of those colors it will be is not well understood, except that anthocyanin is abundant in red leaves and colder weather plays a role. The red maple and staghorn sumac are two of the more vibrant red trees. Vines such as Virginia creeper and poison ivy also turn crimson. Oaks turn yellow, orange or bronze, or blends thereof. Leaves stay on oaks the longest and it is often their dry leaves that you hear rustling in the breeze. Some oak species, as well as beeches and hornbeams, hold on to all or some of their dead leaves throughout winter, in a phenomenon known as marcescence. There is no widely accepted theory as to why this happens, though some suggest it may be the tree’s way of capturing moisture by trapping snow or a strategy of waiting until spring to “fertilize” the ground below with decomposing leaves. The final step of the abscission process is when a tree sheds its leaves. Gradually, the bond between the leaf and the branch weakens. The tiny veins that carried sap to the leaves all summer are sealed

off. Wind and gravity finish the job, sending the leaves to the ground, where decomposition begins in earnest and turns them various shades of brown. Dry, brown decaying leaves may not be beautiful, but they are valuable. Instead of bagging leaves, consider composting them and using the compost to enrich your garden soil. It’s an ecological and economical way to dispose of them and generally less labor intensive than raking and bagging. Or you can simply mow the leaf-covered grass with a mulching mower, which chops the leaves into smaller pieces that decompose faster. Mulched leaves can be left on lawns to enhance the soil. You can also spread whole leaves around vegetable gardens and flowerbeds or at the bases of bushes and trees. These leaves will form an insulating barrier around plants, reducing moisture loss and damage from severe winter weather. By putting whole and composted leaves on gardens and leaving mulched leaves on lawns, you reduce the need to fertilize. This cuts down on the amount of nutrients that run off the land into streams, rivers and, ultimately, the Chesapeake Bay. Of course, leaves are good for other things too. Nothing beats jumping into a big pile of them on a crisp autumn day! For information on leaf management and backyard composting, contact your state or local cooperative extension service. Kathryn Reshetiloff, a Bay Journal columnist, is with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service’s Chesapeake Bay Field Office in Annapolis.

Terrapin Nature Park is the perfect spot for bird and leaf lovers alike. This 276-acre Queen Anne’s County Park is located on Kent Island and is the top eBird hotspot in Queen Anne’s County in terms of number of species reported. The park has a diversity of habitats that make it the perfect stop for a variety of birds during their fall migration.

WASHINGTON, D.C. Chesapeake & Ohio Canal Towpath This 184.5-mile trail is the fall foliage- and bike-lovers dream. The trail starts in Washington, D.C. and winds its way along the “Grand Old Ditch” to Cumberland, Maryland. There are a variety of spots to park and join the trail in both Maryland and D.C.

VIRGINIA Skyline Drive, Shenandoah National Park This popular destination is easily a fan favorite for many across the Chesapeake Bay region for its accessibility for drivers and hikers alike during fall. But don’t get caught up in the lines to the top of Old Rag, try out some of the other less traveled trails, like Bear Church Rock or even pop over to George Washington National Forest after your drive up Skyline Drive! If you’re planning to drive, make sure you plan your trip to enter at Swift Run or Rockfish entrance stations to avoid the longer lines at Front Royal and Thornton Gap entrance stations. And remember, be sure to keep your eyes peeled for wildlife crossings!

Prince William Forest Park In one of Northern Virginia’s best kept secrets, fall foliage is nothing short of breathtaking! This forest located less than an hour from D.C. and an hour and a half from Richmond features a long scenic loop drive and lots of cool trails along babbling streams. The park also features plenty of opportunities to picnic, camp, cycle, and more.

James River Park System Hit the trails here around Halloween, and you’ll see some of the best fall colors in Central Virginia! This park system features rocks, rapids, meadows, and forests—a little bit of wilderness in the heart of Virginia’s capital city. With rock climbing, cycling and hiking trails, paddling, bird watching opportunities, and more, this is the perfect spot to relax, unwind, and check out some foliage. Our Virginia Media Coordinator Kenny Fletcher highly recommends the Buttermilk Trail or Pony Pasture area for those looking for changing leaves. Compliments of the Chesapeake Bay Foundation. Old Town Crier

Celebrate Fall in Southern Maryland! ur o k c e ch k page o faceboly specials! ek for we

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l a n d or s e a

Gorgeous Waterfront Dining in St. Mary’s County



Clarke’s Landing

24580 Clarke’s Landing Ln. Hollywood, MD 301-373-3986





14485 Dowell Road Solomons, MD 20629 410.326.4251



State House in Fall Photo: VAAAC

......Annapolis, Maryland!

Take note, smokers Photo: Lani Gering

Chick and Ruth's Diner Photo: Lani Gering


his seaport location is one of our favorite towns on the Chesapeake Bay. I have driven there many times over the years and have sailed my boat there more than a few times. One of my old friends from Old Town Alexandria lives there now and he calls it “Naptown”, while others refer to Maryland’s Capital City as “Crabtown”. How did these monikers come about? Annapolis is a city rich in history, and as such, has earned some notoriety since it was settled in 1649. Broken down into Anna+polis, it literally means “Anne City”. Annapolis is also affectionately referred to as Crabtown. Located on the Chesapeake Bay, the shore location and prominent fishing industry explain a lot about how this nickname 24 | October 2021

Photo: Lani Gering

City Dock Info

A.L.Goodies General Store Fall at the Annapolis Visitor's Center

came about, besides the fact that the Blue Crab is the poster child of the Chesapeake Bay. The Baltimore Evening Sun reported that in the 17th century, a letter addressed to “Chamber of Commerce, Crabtown, Maryland” had been delivered to the chamber office in the Treasury Building on State House Hill. The reporter speculated, “The letter writer, possibly a midshipman’s drag who couldn’t remember the right name, wanted information about the history of Crabtown.” Despite the gentleman’s lapse of memory, Annapolis was apparently famous enough in this respect for the messenger to know exactly where he meant, hence earning the city a new term of endearment. Many consider Crabtown to be the “real” nickname for Annapolis, but the city goes by yet another: Naptown.

The origin is unclear; it has been hypothesized that the name is an insult implying that Annapolis is dull and sleepy. Alternatively, it could have come from the call letters of WNAP radio or from the “Naptown Sound” of 1920’s jazz. It is also possible that it could simply derive from the “nap” syllable in Annapolis. Some contend that Indianapolis, another city identified as “Naptown,” has actual ownership of this nickname. For most of the 18th century, the city enjoyed a golden age due to its prominent position in the shipping industry. It served as the nation’s capital during this time and the Treaty of Paris ending the Revolutionary War was signed here. The oyster-packing, boatbuilding and sail making industries brought wealth and prosperity to

Photo: Lani Gering

Annapolitans and this cultural epicenter’s social season was pretty epic. Even today, Annapolis maintains its maritime stature as the home to the U.S. Naval Academy. The city also boasts the largest In-the-water boat shows in the world every fall, earning Annapolis and additional nickname: America’s Sailing Capital. The 1970 debut of the United States Sailboat Show in Annapolis marked a new concept: the first in-water show in the country. Today the Annapolis Boat Shows have an unsurpassed reputation for offering the most comprehensive boating exhibitions in the industry. This year the Annapolis Boat Shows will take place beginning October 7-10 for the US Powerboat Show and end October 14-18 ROAD TRIP > PAGE 24

Old Town Crier

(Left) Buddy's on Main Photo: Lani Gering

Alex Hayley Family and Heritage Sculpture

Kunta Kinte Memorial info

Buddy's Crabs Eats Photo: Bob Tagert

Photo: Lani Gering

Photo: Bob Tagert

US Sailboat Show Photo: VAAAC

Oyster Shooters at Middleton's Tavern (Left) City Dock Market Photos: Bob Tagert

Eastport Oyster Boys

McGarveys Street Side Photo courtesy K Brooks


with the US Sailboat Show. Whether you call it Naptown or Crabtown, Annapolis is an exceptional destination. Like Old Town Alexandria, Annapolis and its sister burg across Spa Creek, Eastport, lie on the banks of the Severn River and the Chesapeake Bay. And also, like Old Town, there are fantastic restaurants with waterfront views and unique shops for that special gift. Cutting into the town from Spa Creek and making a wonderful promenade for boats is the infamous Ego Alley! Main Street starts at the end of Ego Alley and goes through the middle of town to the Capitol at State Circle. Along Ego Alley and Main Street you will find most of the shops and restaurants. Our favorite pubs and eateries over the years have Old Town Crier

been Middleton’s Tavern, McGarvey’s and O’Briens at the bottom of Main Street. Farther up Main Street are the ever popular Buddy’s Crabs, Chick and Ruth’s Diner and Castle Bay Irish Pub where you can find our friends, the Eastport Oyster Boys performing in the near future. Speaking of The Oyster Boys, if you cross over Spa Creek you will find the enclave of Eastport, home to the Maritime Republic of Eastport (MRE). Our favorite places on this side of the creek are the Charthouse Restaurant and the Boatyard Bar and Grill as well as others. Feeling right at home you will find Davis Pub along Back Creek, a true original. Here it is all about Natty Boh!! There are many, many eclectic shops interspersed with familiar chains that are home to just about anything you

might have on your “just have to have” list. Your trip won’t be complete without a stop in A.L. Goodie’s General Store. We LOVE this place. If they don’t have it, you don’t need it!! One of the best things about downtown Naptown, besides the fantastic history that abounds in those few blocks, is the people watching. In addition to the many characters that reside here, the diversity of the visitors never disappoints. The day we were there was the Friday before the Air Force vs Navy football game and the joint was jumping with fans from both sides. There was some sort of boat event in the old Fawcett’s parking lot on the waterfront and some major yachts were pulling into Ego Alley. Again like Old Town, bordering a body of water leaves less capacity for

Photo: Bob Tagert

roads in Annapolis...therefore traffic on busy days are a problem. Go during the week when there is less traffic. We thought we were safe on that Friday thinking we would beat the rush. Nope... the aforementioned pending football game meant that parking was sparse both in the garage, lots and on street since the town was packed. Include in your planning ahead, make sure that you check on any events that may be taking place. October is a busy month in “CrabNapAnne-polis”! Publishers Note: Even though we didn’t touch on the many shops, pubs and eateries on West Street and that end of Annapolis, it is worth your while to explore that area. It has changed in leaps and bounds in the last 15-20 years. October 2021 | 25



“Fall” in Love with Fauquier & Loudoun


risp clear days, brisk nights and fall colors are reasons why fall is a perfect time to visit Fauquier County. In addition to the fabulous colors of leaves changing in the Blue Ridge and surrounds, usually at its prime at the end of October, the golden light of fall makes everything look prettier for selfies and social media sharing. Whether you want to take in the abundance of harvest at the fall farmers’ markets, pick some apples and enjoy some cider, watch horses race or wine and dine, there’s something for everyone this month. On Saturday, October 2nd, take in some fine bluegrass in Marshall. The Flatbeds and Tailfins Concert Series is proud to be bringing back for a return visit The Country Gentlemen Tribute Band. The band members were initially chosen by one of the original members of the Country Gentlemen band, Bill Yates, to best pay tribute to one of the most recognized Bluegrass Bands of all time. If you were a fan of the Country Gentlemen, come hear for yourself how good they sound. These Gentlemen will be 26 | October 2021

taking the stage Saturday October 2, 2021 at 6pm. Doors open at 5pm, at the Marshall Community Center Theatre located at 4133 Rectortown Rd, Marshall, Virginia. General Admission Tickets are $20.00 in advance, or $25.00 at the door. Kids 3 and under are free. Telephone Ticket Orders are Accepted 10a-2p MondayFriday at (540) 422-2507 (No Service Charges for Telephone Orders). Sorry, No Refunds or Rainchecks Available. Group Rates are Available (10 Tickets or more), call for more information (540) 422-2507. Come on out to Orlean on Saturday, Oct. 9th for Orlean Day/Octoberfest at the Orlean Market and enjoy some of the best Blue Ridge views in the county. You might even get a glimpse of the local fox hunting club, the Old Dominion Hounds, in the nearby fields. Orlean Day/Octoberfest is held at the Market’s lawn 11 am to 7 pm and features vendor tents with the best of area farms plus Virginia’s seafood, barbecue, beer, wine and crafts. Admission is free but parking is a $20 donation to Orlean Volunteer Fire Dept. Please leave pets at home; for information visit

the Orlean Market Facebook page. For GPS, enter the Orlean Market’s address, 6455 Leeds Manor Dr., Marshall. Even though the Orlean Market is actually in Orlean and not Marshall, 10 miles to the north, there is no physical Orlean address; only post office boxes have the distinction of an Orlean zip code. Between the pandemic and the ongoing concerns about the latest uptick in COVID cases, many have contemplated a move to the country from cities and suburbs, for the open spaces and potential to grow at least some of your own food. Learn more of what’s involved in farming by visiting some of the local farms in and around the Blue Ridge by taking advantage of the counties’ farm tours. Loudoun County Fall Farm Tour is being held the weekend of October 16-17 this year, 10 to 4 Saturday and Sunday. The Loudoun Fall Farm Tour began in 1993 when it was called the “Loudoun Colors Tour,” intended to showcase the leaf change in Loudoun. Since then, it has grown into a businesscentric event, annually drawing thousands of residents and

visitors from all over the D.C. region. Farms offer in-person experiences, such as corn mazes, pumpkin patches, apple presses and other seasonal activities. Most participant farms are also part of the Loudoun Made Loudoun Grown Marketplace, an e-commerce platform launched during the pandemic to help connect consumers with products sourced directly from local farms. “We are thrilled to offer a return to in-person visits this year after taking precautions against the spread of COVID-19 in 2020. Last year’s virtual Fall Farm Tour gave new farms a chance to participate and showcased Loudoun Made, Loudoun Grown products to a global audience. We intend to keep that opportunity for farms this year while encouraging consumers to shop from your online stores and support local farming,” Loudoun Economic Development Executive Director Buddy Rizer said. “We have some exciting new features planned for this year’s tour.” For details, visit https:// The 21st annual Fauquier Farm Tour and Field Day is

October 9 this year, coinciding with Orlean Day. Visit some or all of the farms on this selfguided tour with wineries, orchards, corn mazes and farm markets. This year’s stops include Arterra Wines, Green Maple Market, Hollin Farms, Sky Meadows State Park and Stribling Orchard. Rain or shine. Free at most locations. Details are at http:// government/departments-a-g/ agricultural-development The biggest of the fall steeplechase races, the International Gold Cup race meet, will be held near The Plains on Saturday, October 23. A full card of Thoroughbreds racing over fences and on the flat has always been a fall favorite of both locals and city folk. It regularly attracts large crowds of 25,000 or more and at press time no COVID restrictions were slated to affect attendance this year, but it’s always wise to check with the host before any large event if changing conditions warrant. Both general admission and reserved tailgating spaces are selling fast so if you’re planning on attending visit them at www. Old Town Crier



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Preserve Your Garden Produce for Delicious Winter Meals "Once you enjoy homegrown produce in winter meals, you will start growing more produce to eat fresh, share and preserve.

28 | October 2021


ll your hard work is paying off with a bountiful harvest. Fresh produce is filling your garden, countertops, and refrigerator while the garden keeps producing more. Preserve some of your harvest to enjoy throughout the winter with some tried-and-true or updated variation of food preservation techniques. Hanging bundles of herbs to dry is a long-time practice that works. Harvest herbs in the morning just after the dew has dried off the leaves. Rinse, allow them to dry, and remove any damaged or dried leaves. Gather the dry herbs into small bundles and secure with a rubber band. Use a spring-type clothespin to hang the bundles from a clothesline or hanger in a warm, dry, airy place out of direct sunlight. A modern twist on this tradition is the space-saving Stack!t Herb Drying Rack ( hung from the ceiling. You will be able to dry large quantities of herbs in any narrow, out-of-the-way space. Extend the life, flavor, and nutritional value of squash with proper harvesting and storage. Only store blemishand damage-free fruits and vegetables to reduce the risk of mold and decay developing during storage. Harvest zucchini when the fruit is six to eight inches long and scalloped squash when three to six inches in diameter. Store these in a plastic bag inside the vegetable crisper drawer in your refrigerator for several days. Wait to harvest winter squash when the fruit is full-sized,

and the rinds are firm and glossy. The portion touching the ground turns from cream to orange when the fruit is ripe. Use a pruner to harvest the fruit, leaving a one-inch stem on each fruit. Cure all winter squash, except for acorn, in a warm, humid location. Then move to a cool, dry, well-ventilated area to store for several months. In the past, gardeners stored these, potatoes, onions, and fruit in wooden racks that maximized storage space and allowed air to reach each layer of produce. Boost your cabbage harvest with this trick. Remove firm full-sized heads but leave the lower ring of leaves and roots intact. The plant will form several smaller heads. Harvest cucumbers based on how you plan to use them. Pick the fruit when it is 1 ½ to 2 ½ inches long if you plan on making sweet pickles. Allow the cucumbers to grow a bit bigger, three to four inches, if dill pickles are on the menu. Harvest those for slicing when the skin is firm, bright green and the fruit is six to nine inches long. Turn a portion of your harvest into something delicious. Fermentation is a relatively easy preservation technique used for thousands of years. Preserve some of your cucumbers as pickles, cabbage as sauerkraut, and berries as preserves with fermentation. Store fermented fruits and vegetables in a cool, dark place or extend their shelf life by canning the finished product. For most projects, you just need the fruit or vegetables, water, salt, and spices. The desired

ingredients are placed in a covered vessel, like Gardener’s Supply Fermentation Crock. Weights are used to keep the fruit and vegetables submerged in water throughout the fermentation process. If your garden is still producing when frost is in the forecast, extend the harvest season. Cold frames and cloches are tried-and-true techniques used for extending the growing season. A modern method employs floating row covers. These spun fabrics allow air, light, and water through while protecting plants from frosty conditions. Cover the plantings and anchor the fabric in place. Lift to harvest and enjoy several more weeks and even months of garden-fresh produce. Select the storage and preservation methods that work best for your garden produce, growing location, and lifestyle. Once you enjoy homegrown produce in winter meals, you will start growing more produce to eat fresh, share and preserve. About the Author: Melinda Myers is the author of numerous gardening books, including Small Space Gardening. She hosts The Great Courses “How to Grow Anything” DVD series and the Melinda’s Garden Moment TV & radio segments. Myers is a columnist and contributing editor for Birds & Blooms magazine and was commissioned by Gardeners Supply for her expertise to write this article. Her web site is Old Town Crier



alloween is a mix of ancient Celtic practices, Catholic and Roman religious rituals and European folk traditions that blended together over time to create the holiday we know today. Straddling the line between fall and winter, plenty and paucity and life and death, Halloween is a time of celebration and superstition. Halloween has long been thought of as a day when the dead can return to the earth, and ancient Celts would light bonfires and wear costumes to ward off these roaming ghosts. The Celtic holiday of Samhain, the Catholic Hallowmas period of All Saints’ Day and All Souls’ Day and the Roman festival of Feralia all influenced the modern holiday of Halloween. In the 19th century, Halloween began to lose its religious connotation, becoming a more secular community-

based children’s holiday. Although the superstitions and beliefs surrounding Halloween may have evolved over the years, as the days grow shorter and the nights get colder, people can still look forward to parades, costumes and sweet treats to usher in the winter season. One of the most popular activities surrounding the celebration is carving jack o’lanterns. People have been making jack o’lanterns at Halloween for centuries. The practice originated from an Irish myth about a man nicknamed “Stingy Jack.” According to the story, Stingy Jack invited the Devil to have a drink with him. True to his name, Stingy Jack didn’t want to pay for his drink, so he convinced the Devil to turn himself into a coin that Jack

(Left) A traditional Irish turnip Jack-o'-lantern from the early 20th century. Photographed at the Museum of Country Life, Ireland.

could use to buy their drinks. Once the Devil did so, Jack decided to keep the money and put it into his pocket next to a silver cross, which prevented the Devil from changing back into his original form. Jack eventually freed the Devil, under the condition that he would not bother Jack for one year and that, should Jack die, he would not claim his soul. The next year, Jack again tricked the Devil into climbing into a tree to pick a piece of fruit. While he was up in the tree, Jack carved a sign of the cross into the tree’s bark so that the Devil could not come down until the Devil

promised Jack not to bother him for ten more years. Soon after, Jack died. As the legend goes, God would not allow such an unsavory figure into heaven. The Devil, upset by the trick Jack had played on him and keeping his word not to claim his soul, would not allow Jack into hell. He sent Jack off into the dark night with only a burning coal to light his way. Jack put the coal into a carved-out turnip and has been roaming the Earth with ever since. The Irish began to refer to this ghostly figure as “Jack of the Lantern,” and then, simply “Jack O’Lantern.” In Ireland and Scotland,

people began to make their own versions of Jack’s lanterns by carving scary faces into turnips or potatoes and placing them into windows or near doors to frighten away Stingy Jack and other wandering evil spirits. In England, large beets are used. Immigrants from these countries brought the jack o’lantern tradition with them when they came to the United States. They soon found that pumpkins, a fruit native to America, make perfect jack o’lanterns. Source: history-of-the-jack-o-lanternirish-origins

Coming This October! Your Favorite Local Spot is Adding 60+ Seats of Outdoor Dining

203 The Strand Alexandria,VA 22314 • October 2021 | 29

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Food, from top: Jager and SoCo; Das beirs; German Pretzel; Brauhaus Brat & cucumber salad; Pork flank

HOURS: MON — FRI 11 AM - 12 AM SAT & SUN 10 AM - 12 AM SUNDAY BRUNCH 10 AM - 2 PM LIVE MUSIC FRI & SAT - 8:30 PM PUB POLL TRIVIA THURSDAYS - 7:30 PM 30 | October 2021

f you read our newest column, Let’s Get Crafty, in the September issue you probably already have a pretty good idea of what Oktoberfest is. However, as a recap, it is tagged as the world’s largest Volksfest (folk festival). It is a 16-18 day festival running from mid-or late September to the first Sunday in October with more than six million people from around the world attending the event every year in Munich, Bavaria, Germany. Here in Old Town Alexandria we have our own Oktoberfest headquarters at 710 King Street. The Village Brauhaus was opened three years ago by Bill and Chelsea Gross and it has been a hit since day one. Located at the east end of the block, Brauhaus is surrounded by Nando’s Peri Peri, Signature Thai, King’s Ransom, Five Guys, Pita House, Magnolias Restaurant, Murphy’s Grand Irish Pub and the Light Horse Restaurant. The 700 Block - on its own - is a dining mecca. During the middle of Oktoberfest, we thought it a good time to visit Brauhaus and have dinner and join in the celebration. The physical area of the restaurant is actually the combination of two former popular restaurants that occupied the space several years ago. The result was a huge space with accommodations for large groups as well as secluded hideaways like the Paulaner Bar on the second floor. On this Monday night the place was very busy because of Oktoberfest, so we opted for a table in the bar area for our dinner. After ordering two small (16 0z) drafts of German

beer we decided to start with the Giant Bavarian Pretzel. When they say GIANT, they are not kidding. The pretzel is at least an inch in diameter and big enough that it covered the dinner plate it was served on. It is served with house made warm Bavarian cheese, paired with sweet & spicy mustards. This thing was delicious! A great start to a meal or accompaniment to the array of German beers, or great entertainment and treat for the kids. Village Brauhaus is everything German/Bavarian. Their starters include but aren’t limited to Frikadellen (meat balls), Potato Pancakes, Goulash Soup and a choice of salads. Their Flammkuchen (German flatbread) choices are Bacon & Onion, BBQ Sauce, Mushroom & Onion. Because of the Pretzel, we passed on these. When I think of German food I think of sausage... particularly bratwurst for me. Germany’s traditional beef & pork sausage being grilled outside is what we all remember after a day of skiing. There are eight selections of sausages on the menu under the heading of Get to Know Your Wursts. My dining partner is of German descent and went with her standby as well….the ‘brat. She opted to order it grilled extra crisp and served in a soft pretzel roll accompanied by bacon and

mustard. It is served with curry ketchup and their signature roasted garlic Parmesan fries but she substituted the creamy cucumber and onion salad that was offered that evening. At a price tag of $14, the “Wurst on a Roll” is a great value. In addition to the various Schnitzels, the menu offers ten other entrees. I asked for the Schweinehax’n. It was as advertised...crispy roasted pork shank on a bed of their house braised sauerkraut drizzled with pork glaze. This dish was fantastic. The shank was crispy yet very tender when I cut into the meat. What really impressed me was how well the sauerkraut and pork glaze complimented the shank. The two together

were perfect but each could stand alone. There are items on the menu for the vegetarians in your midst and several choices for the kinder aka kids in your realm as well as dishes that are gluten free. In this day and age, it is getting more and more difficult to have something to appease the many dietary requirements that are out there these days. Although we initially set half of the pretzel aside while anticipating our entrees, we realized that we had sort of subconsciously munched through the other half during the course of the evening. Yes, it is that good! The thought of dessert waned as we realized that we both had leftovers to enjoy the next day but the dessert menu here is pretty extensive. The next time we are there, the berry pretzel bread pudding and the warm apple crumb cake are on the bucket list. My partner did, however, feel obligated to order a shot DINING OUT > PAGE 31

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of Jagermeister to celebrate a good meal. She told me that the last time she had “Jager” was in another life in Utah at a Slavic festival in the early 1990’s. Not to be outdone, I ordered something from my southern heritage, equally obnoxious Southern Comfort. Have to admit, it tasted pretty good. I have to make a point compliment the staff on the floor that night. As we have all read, pretty much all restaurants are understaffed. I don’t know if Brauhaus is understaffed or not...I do know that the people on the floor were moving at warp speed and never missed a beat in their assigned duties. The General Manager was even doing his turn at waiting tables and covering when needed. We were very impressed! If you get a chance, or better yet...make it a mission...make a trip the Alexandria’s premier German restaurant. By the time this issue hits the streets Oktoberfest will be drawing to a close (ends October 3). Do not worry...the atmosphere is always festive at Village Brauhaus. In fact, moving a little slower may be better. Additionally, check out their ad in this and future issues for events and entertainment throughout the year.

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October 2021 | 31



Country Apple Tart


hat says autumn better than a homemade apple dessert? When the apple harvest is in it’s the perfect time to whip up everyone’s favorite dessert, an apple tart. Apple pies are fine, but here’s a treat with a twist, a one-crust tart. This dessert is not only attractive it tastes great. You can’t just use any apple for this tart. You need an apple that has the right sugar content and texture. The Granny Smith apple is the perfect choice.

Almond cream (Frangipane) Ingredients 1/2 cup unsalted butter 1 cup confectioner’s sugar 3 egg yolks 1 cup blanched almond slivers, ground 1 teaspoon pure vanilla extract 1/4 teaspoon salt

Directions In a food processor, grind the almonds to a consistency of corn meal. Set almond meal aside. Cream the butter and sugar until light and fluffy. This mixture will turn pale yellow. Mix in almond meal, salt and vanilla. Blend in egg yolks one at time until all is incorporated and smooth, creamy mixture is achieved. Refrigerate for later use.

The Pastry Ingredients 1/2 stick unsalted butter, cold 1/2 cup vegetable shortening, cold 2 tablespoons sugar 1/4 teaspoon salt 1/2 cup very cold milk, or as needed 2 cups cake flour, all purpose will suffice 1/2 cups chocolate chips, optional

Directions Mix together sifted flour, sugar and salt. Using a pastry cutter or fork, cut butter and shortening into the flour until pieces are pea-size. To form dough, add milk incrementally and mix until a dough ball is formed. Mix until just combined. Do not over mix. Dough should be slightly crumbly, but wet enough to form a ball when compressed. Form dough into a flat disc, wrap with plastic wrap and refridgerage for at least 2 hours before rolling out. On a lightly floured surface, use your hands to slightly flatten the dough. Roll dough from center to edges into a circle about 12 inches in diameter. To transer pastry, wrap it around a rolling pin. Unrol pastry onto a greased 9-inch pie plate. Ease pastry into the plate being careful not to stretch it excessively or puncture the dough as this will allow filling to leak out while baking. Rim pastry to 1/2 inch beyond edge of pie plate. Fold under extra pastry. Crimp edge as desired. Do not prick the pastry.

Assembling Peel, core and halve 4 Granny Smith apples. With a paring knife, thinly slice each half. Set all sliced halves aside. Line tart pan with rolled-out pastry. Fill tart pan half way up the sides with almond cream. With spatula, smooth-out the almond cream. Arrange apples around for an attractive appearance.

Baking and glazing Bake tart in a 375ºF oven until apples begin to brown and pastry is cooked. This will take 30 to 45 minutes. Remove tart from oven and allow cooling. In a microwave melt ½ cup of apple jelly and brush on tart with a pastry brush. Serve warm with whipped cream that has a dash of vanilla extract and a little sugar. Publishers Note: We had a request to reprint this recipe that was featured here last October and we want to keep our readers happy so get out there and pick some apples and put together this tart! 32 | October 2021

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ADA'S ON THE RIVER 3 Pioneer Mill Way 703-638-1400 AUGIE’S MUSSEL HOUSE 1106 King Street 703.721.3970 BLACKWALL HITCH 5 Cameron St. 703-739-6090 CAFE 44 44 Canal Center 571-800-6644 CHADWICKS 203 Strand St. 703-836-4442 CHART HOUSE One Cameron St. 703-684-5080 CITY KITCHEN 330 South Pickett St. 703-685-9172 COLUMBIA FIREHOUSE 109 S. St. Asaph St. 703-683-1776 EVENING STAR CAFÉ 2000 Mt. Vernon Ave. 703-549-5051 EXECUTIVE DINER & CAFE 1400 Duke Street 703-299-0894 FIVE GUYS 725 King St. 703-549-7991 FOSTERS GRILLE 2004 Eisenhower Ave. 703-725-1342 GADSBYS TAVERN 138 N. Royal St. 703-548-1288 GRATEFUL KITCHEN 727 N. Henry Street HARD TIMES CAFE 1404 King St. 703-837-0050 HEN QUARTER 1404 King St. 703-684-6969 HOPS 'N SHINE 3410 Mount Vernon Ave. 703-566-1509 HUMMINGBIRD 220 South Union Street 703-566-1355 JACKS PLACE 222 North Lee St. 703-684-0372 JOE THEISMANNS 1800 Diagonal Rd. 703-739-0777 JUNCTION BAKERY & BISTRO 1508 Mount Vernon Avenue Alexandria 703-436-0025 LAPORTAS 1600 Duke St. 703-683-6313 THE LIGHT HORSE 715 King Street 703-549-0533

34 | October 2021

LORI'S TABLE 1028 King Street 703-549-5545 LOST DOG CAFE 808 North Henry St. 571-970-6511

MACKIE’S BAR AND GRILL 907 King St. 703-684-3288 MAGNOLIA’S ON KING 703 King St. 703-838-9090 MAJESTIC CAFÉ 911 King St. 703-837-9117 MASON SOCIAL 728 Henry Street 703-548-8800 MURPHYS IRISH PUB 713 King St. 703-548-1717 NORTHSIDE 1O 10 East Glebe Rd. 703-888-0032 OAK STEAKHOUSE 901 N. St. Asaph St. 703-840-3395 OCONNELLS RESTAURANT & BAR 112 King St. 703-739-1124 PORK BARREL BBQ 2312 Mount Vernon Ave. 703-822-5699 THE PEOPLES DRUG 103 N. Alfred Street 571-257-8851 RAMPARTS 1700 Fern St. 703-998-6616 RIVER BEND BISTRO 7966 Fort Hunt Rd. Hollin Hall Shopping Center 703-347-7545 ROCK IT GRILL 1319 King St. 703-739-2274 RT's RESTAURANT 3804 Mt. Vernon Ave. 703-684-6010 SHOOTER MCGEES 5239 Duke St. 703-751-9266 SLATERS MARKET 1552 Potomac Greens Dr. 703-548-3807 SMOKING KOW BBQ 3250 Duke Sttreet 703-888-2649 SONOMA CELLAR 207 King St. 703-966-3550 SOUTH BLOCK 106 N. Lee Street 703-465-8423 SOUTHSIDE 815 815 S. Washington St. 703-836-6222 SWEETGREEN 823 King St. 571-319-0192

Please Contact your favorite restaurants for updates on their "Social Distancing" policies. SWEET FIRE DONNA'S BBQ & HOPS 510 John Carlyle Street 571-312-7960 T.J. STONES GRILL HOUSE & TAP ROOM 608 Montgomery St. 703-548-1004 TOASTIQUE GOURMET TOAST & JUICE BAR 1605 King Street 571-312-1909 UNION STREET PUBLIC HOUSE 121 South Union St. 703-548-1785 VERMILLION 1120 King St. 703-684-9669 VIRTUE GRAIN & FEED 106 South Union St. 571-970-3669 VOLA’S DOCKSIDE GRILL & THE HI-TIDE LOUNGE 101 North Union St. 703-935-8890 THE WAREHOUSE BAR & GRILL 214 King St. 703-683-6868 ASIAN

ASIAN BISTRO 809 King St. 703-836-1515 KINGS RANSOM 728 King Street 571-319-0794 KISSO ASIAN BISTRO 300 King Street 703-888-1513 MALAYA 1019 King St. 703-519-3710 MAI THAI 9 King St. 703-548-0600 NASIME 1209 King St. 703-548-1848 SIGNATURE THAI 722 King Street 707-888-2458 STREETS MARKET AND CAFE 3108 Mt. Vernon Ave. 571-431-6810 THAILAND ROYAL 801 N. Fairfax St. 703 535-6622 TOKYO JAPANESE STEAKHOUSE 66 Canal Center Plaza 703-683-8878 CAPHE BANH MI VIETNAMESE 407 Cameron St. 703-549-0800 KAI ZEN TAVERN 1901 Mt. Vernon Ave. 703-836-1212 SISTERS THAI 503 Montgomery St. 571-777-8154 THE SUSHI BAR 2312 Mount Vernon Avenue 571-257-3232


CEDAR KNOLL GW Parkway at Lucia Ln. 703-780-3665 OLD HOUSE COSMOPOLITAN 1024 Cameron Street 703-717-9361 TEMPO 4231 Duke St. 703-370-7900 VILLAGE BRAUHAUS 710 King Street 703-888-1951 FRENCH

BASTILLE 606 N. Fayette St. 703-519-3776 BISTRO SANCERRE FRENCH 1755 Duke Street BRABO 1600 King St. 703-894-3440 LE REFUGE 127 N. Washington St. 703-548-4661 FONTAINES CAFFE & CREPERIE 119 S. Royal St. 703-535-8151 LA MADELEINE 500 King St. 703-729-2854 TWO NINETEEN RESTAURANT 219 King St. 703-549-1141 ITALIAN

ALDO'S ITALIAN KITCHEN 2850 Eisenhower Avenue (behind the building) 703-888-2243 BUGSYS PIZZA RESTAURANT 111 King St. 703-683-0313 FACCIA LUNA 823 S. Washington St. 703-838-5998 HANK & MITZI'S PIZZA AND PASTA 600 Montgomery Ave. 571-312-4117 IL PORTO RESTAURANT 121 King St. 703-836-8833 LANDINI BROTHERS 115 King St. 703-836-8404 LENA’S WOOD-FIRED PIZZA & TAP 401 East Braddock Rd. 703-960-1086 MIA'S ITALIAN KITCHEN 100 King Street 703-997-5300 MICHAEL’S LITTLE ITALY 305 S. Washington St. 703-548-9338 PIECE OUT 2419 Mount Vernon Avenue 703-398-1287 RED ROCKS FIREBRICK PIZZA 904 King St. 703-717-9873


BARCA PIER & WINE BAR 2 Pioneer Mill Way 703-638-1100 TAVERNA CRETEKOU 818 King St. 703-548-8688 PITA HOUSE 719 King St. 703-684-9194 DELIAS MEDITERRANEAN GRILL 209 Swamp Fox Rd. 703-329-0006 VASO'S MEDITERRANEAN BISTRO 1118 King Street 703-566-2720 VASO'S KITCHEN 1225 Powhatan Street 703-548-2747 SEAFOOD

HANKS OYSTER BAR 1026 King St. 703-739-HANK FISH MARKET-OLD TOWN 105 King St. 703-836-5676 THE WHARF 119 King St. 703-836-2834 WHISKEY & OYSTER 301 John Carlyle 703-567-1533 INDIAN

DISHES OF INDIA 1510A Bellview Blvd. 703-660-6085 DIYA 218 North Lee, 2nd Floor 703-706-5338 NAMASTE 1504 King St. 703-970-0615 MEXICAN LATIN SOUTHWESTERN

CASA TEQUILA (next to Crate & Barrel) 1701 Duke 703-518-5312 CHOP SHOP TACO 1008 Madison Street 571-970-6438 DON TACO TEQUILA BAR 808 King St. 703-988-3144 LOS CUATES RESTAURANT 1116 King Street 703-548-2918 LOS TIOS GRILL 2615 Mt. Vernon Ave. 703-299-9290 LOS TOLTECOS 4111 Duke St. 703-823-1167 TAQUERIA POBLANO 2400-B Mt. Vernon Ave. 703-548-TACO (8226) TEQUILA & TACO 540 John Carlyle Street 703-721-3203 URBANO 116 116 King Street 571-970-5148

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y fraternity brother, Smitty, speaks these words to me while he’s ladling Bloody Mary’s out of a full 12-gallon stock pot into two plastic cups for us. The year is 1982. It is eight o’clock in the morning on my first football Saturday living in the fraternity house. There are two 12-gallon stock pots on the bar, the Bloody Mary one, and one full of vodka and orange juice, Screwdrivers, next to it. These are our morning vitamins. The smell of stale beer that had been spilled at the party the night before is our potpourri. I remember the drinks being great. But I’m sure they were terrible. My palate today is much more developed than my 20-year-old palate. Soon we will be in a pickup truck with 3 kegs of beer, a grill, hotdogs, hamburgers, and the accompanying accoutrements. The kegs are full of cheap, mass-produced beer. That’s how it is when you are in college. It was also years before the craft beer trend hit the US. High end beer at this time was imported beer, and it was expensive. We are on our way to the stadium parking lot, about to have a tailgate party. Tailgates are an American tradition that did not have its beginnings at a football game. It has its roots in traditional Fall bounty festivals and a Civil War battle. The tailgate party is not just about drinking before a football game. These parties occur in fall, when end of summer festivities have been celebrated for centuries. The football tailgate is merely an extension of those celebrations. University of Notre Dame cultural anthropologist John Sherry states that: “The idea of getting out of your house and feasting Old Town Crier

craft beers but go with more light lagers than heavy ales. Ales are great, but not always conducive to the long haul of a football Saturday. They can easily fill you up and weigh you down.

Check the ABV % of the craft beers you buy.

“YOU CAN’T DRINK ALL DAY UNLESS YOU START IN THE MORNING!” and drinking somewhere else is a pretty old tradition. People eat and drink and build up community in the process. It’s one last blowout before we hunker down for winter.” The USA Today published an article about John Sherry’s work. Sherry conducted a twoyear study on college tailgating. He found that tailgate parties have ties to harvest celebrations dating back to Ancient Rome and Greece. According to the article: “’Tailgating is more about sharing than it is about competition,’ and people who participate help build the brands of their favorite teams. ‘The individual traditions that they are creating add to the larger tradition,’ Sherry says. ‘They see it as participating in the team experience.’” The first Battle of Bull Run occurred at the beginning of the American Civil War in northern Virginia. It was the first major battle of the war and a Confederate victory. So, what does this battle have to do with tailgating? People traveled from Washington, DC to the

Manassas, VA area to root for their favorite team, or army in this case. It is said that they gathered on hills surrounding the battlefield with picnic baskets full of minced meat, plum pudding, and apple pie to cheer their side and party during the battle. It is believed that fans partied before the first college football game between Rutgers University and Princeton University in 1869. And legend has it that Green Bay Packers fans coined the phrase “tailgating” back in the early 1900s. The football tailgate is a major part of both college and professional football. Statistics show that 35% of people who tailgate do not even attend the game. I must admit that I have been guilty of this in the past. The tailgate atmosphere can draw you in so strongly that you don’t want to leave. College alumni and students take their tailgating seriously, as they should. It is a timehonored tradition and a great bonding experience. Tailgate parties build the bonds of loyalty to our schools and to our football teams. Here are

some tips to help you enjoy the next tailgate party you attend.

Remember, it is a marathon, not a sprint. Tailgate parties start before the game. But it is not unusual for the party to last through the game and well after it. Take your time and drink casually. As we used to say “back in the day” at WVU ‘It’s all about Buzz Maintenance’. Don’t overdo it so that you can last throughout the day. Or as was the case back then, through the party that night as well.

Bring a variety of craft beer, but more light than heavy. Craft beer and tailgating are the perfect fit. Modern day tailgating has evolved way beyond just hot dogs and beer. Our sports palates require high end fare nowadays. Marinated meats on the grill, exotic dips, charcuterie boards, and gourmet cheese boards are very common. Pairing craft beer with these finer cuisines is fun and enjoyable. Bring a variety of

This is very common mistake and can have bad consequences. ABV, sometimes stated as alc/vol, stands for Alcohol By Volume. It is the standard measure of how much alcohol is contained in the given volume of a drink. The ABV will be printed right on the beer bottle. The standard mass-produced beer has about 5% ABV. Craft beers can run from 4% ABV to as high as 12% ABV. People often assume that all beers have the same ABV. So, you’re having a great time at your tailgate, and suddenly, your cousin Ed is staggering all over the place. Make sure you know the ABV percentage of your beers and warn people accordingly, especially any college students at the tailgate. They are probably used to low ABV mass produced beers and will be hit hard by the higher alcohol content. The tailgate party is one of our greatest American traditions. We have many universities in the area. Go to one and partake in one of these great fall festivals. And bring some good craft beer! Your hosts will greatly appreciate it. Cheers!!! Timothy Long is an educator, writer, consultant, and experienced restaurant operator. Instagram and Twitter: @ wvutimmy. Blog:What Is That Fly Doing In My Soup? Email: October 2021 | 35






ost American wine regions have a signature grape. For Napa, it’s Cabernet Sauvignon. In Oregon’s Willamette Valley, Pinot Noir dominates. New York’s Finger Lakes are famous for Riesling. Yet Virginia doesn’t have its own defining grape or style – and this is a good thing. VA is a relatively young wine region so growers are still learning what performs best. Viognier was temporarily the ‘official’ state grape but was quietly dropped when wine growers pushed back. Cabernet Franc is sometimes considered as a replacement, but so far hasn’t received any special endorsement. Some argue the lack of a signature Virginia ‘brand’ that consumers can

Understanding Virginia’s Diversity in Wine

easily identify hurts the state’s visibility in the larger wine market. But Virginia’s landscape is too varied to be defined by a single terroir, and too young to have a signature style of winemaking. This means branding Virginia with any overarching label likely does the industry a disservice. So if Virginia lacks a defining grape, then what is it known for? The short answer is this – Virginia is known for its diversity. When planted in the right location, we can grow nearly everything. There are over 100 grape varieties planted in the state, ranging from internationally famous varieties to obscure vines the world has nearly forgotten. No matter where the grape is from, there’s probably a Virginia vineyard growing it. As a newer, less defined wine region, Virginia also has the luxury to experiment with varieties that wouldn’t get a second look elsewhere in the United States, and may be forbidden under Europe’s much tighter winemaking rules. This allows VA to pioneer lesser-known wines such as Petit Manseng and Petit Verdot, high-acid

grapes that do well in Virginia’s terroir. So for Virginia Wine Month, let’s celebrate the diversity of Virginia wine. Here are four varieties that wine lovers probably don’t realize can be found in Virginia, but need to try.

accident. When Christine & Dennis Vrooman purchased the property they hadn’t planned on building a vineyard, but loved Virginia wine so much they decided to give it a shot. After some research they were advised their special microclimate gave them the ability to plant grapes that wouldn’t thrive anywhere else. So by good fortune, Pinot Noir was planted. The secret to Pinot Noir’s success here is elevation. At 1800 feet they are able to avoid the heat and humidity that would stunt Pinot’s growth most anywhere else in the state. Now, they are Virginia’s most famous Pinot makers. They also make a delicious Pinot Noir Rosé and Chardonnay.

Ankida Ridge’s Pinot Noir Ankida’s name is based on a Sumerian term for ‘where heaven and earth join’. It’s an apt description; located in the Blue Ridge Mountains, Ankida one of the highest elevation wineries in the state. It’s also home to one of the best Pinot Noirs in the country. This may be a bold statement, but they have the credentials to back it up. When Ankida participated in the 2016 International Pinot Noir Conference, they were the first mid-Atlantic producer to be invited. A year later, Wine Business Monthly named Ankida Ridge one of the top wine brands of the year. As with many Virginia wine stories, the path to starting a vineyard – much less with one of the world’s most finicky varieties – happened almost by

A Family Legacy of Virginia Wine Excellence

Arterra Winery’s Chenin Blanc Arterra’s wines stand out due to owner/winemaker Jason Murray signature style, which he refers to as ‘clean wine’. This style includes the use of GRAPEVINE > PAGE 37

4366 Stillhouse Road, Hume, Virginia 22639 540.364.1203 Hours: Sun - Fri: 11:00 AM to 5:00 PM

A Family Legacy of Virginia Wine Excellence

36 | October 2021 4366 Stillhouse Road, Hume, Virginia 22639 | 540.364.1203 | | Hours: Sun - Fri: 11:00 AM to 5:00 PM, Sat: 11:00AM to 7:00PM Please check website and social media for seasonal hours

Sat: 11:00AM to 7:00PM Please check website and social media for seasonal hours

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natural yeast fermentation and minimal use of pesticides, which allows him to produce wine that emphasizes bright, intense flavors. His Chenin Blanc is an example of this style. Chenin is nearly unheard of in Virginia; Arterra is one of only a handful of producers in the state. While more commonly identified as one of the grapes of France’s Loire Valley, Jason’s inspiration for Chenin is drawn from South Africa where it’s the country’s most cultivated variety. A relatively recent addition to the vineyard, Jason picked Chenin for two reasons. One, it stylistically fits Arterra’s tasting profile. ‘Crisp and delicate’ are often used to describe Jason’s whites, but those descriptors are especially apt here. While Chenin is a versatile grape which can range from sweet to completely dry, these wines trend towards dry. Second, Chenin’s presence in South Africa demonstrates it does well in hot climates. While it somewhat struggles in Virginia’s humidity, it does well enough to justify continuing their half acre block.

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Pearmund Cellars’ Petit Manseng

Rosemont Vineyard & Winery’s Syrah

Petit Manseng is one of the star grapes of Virginia. Two decades ago it was barely on the radar. But since 2016 it’s won 20 gold medals in Virginia’s Governor’s Cup wine competition – second only to Chardonnay. In 2019 it made history as the first white wine to win the Governor’s Cup itself. The variety’s success is largely due to its suitability for Virginia’s climate. The grape’s small, loose clusters minimize water retention and improve airflow to the grapes, boosting its resistance to rot caused by Virginia’s frequent rainfall and intense humidity. The state’s hot summers allow winegrowers to help tame its high acidity. These qualities have led to Virginia becoming the second largest planting of Petit Manseng in the world, after the grape’s home in the Jurancon region of France.

Syrah’s spiritual home is the northern Rhône but it’s found worldwide. It’s also famous as one of the components of GSM (GrenacheSyrah-Mourvèdre) blends. Only 13 acres of Syrah are planted in the entire state, making it one of the least-planted red vinifera in Virginia. Its scarcity is likely due to its inconsistent yield. But Rosemont remains a believer in this varietal, planting more vines from different clones when other vineyards are pulling it out. Not only does Rosemont have Syrah and Grenache, they’ve recently planted Mourvèdre. In a few years this combo will allow them to make one of the very few true GSM wines in the state. Until then, you’ll still be able to enjoy their medium-bodied wine which combines a spicy bouquet with bright cherry and notes of cardamom.

These wines are made in many styles, ranging from dry to dessert-style wines. One of the best is Pearmund’s 2019 Petit Manseng, which won Double Gold at the San Francisco International Wine Competition. This dry wine has lots of texture and intense flavors, suitable for either a hot day or paired with food.

Author: Matthew Fitzsimmons is a blogger who has visited nearly every winery in Virginia – most of them twice. Track his progress at https://

Getting the most from Virginia Wine Month 2021 October 16th is Harvest Day. This home-grown event is a time to toast Virginia winemakers as they bring in the last of their grapes and start the 2021 vintage. Be sure to visit for trip ideas. Wineries around the state will be hosting special Virginia Wine Month events ranging from cookouts, outdoor music, and special wine flights. Visitors can expect the extra treat of seeing fall foliage up close. If you wish to assist your favorite winery in harvesting grapes, they are looking for volunteers! Many vineyards are offering special treats. Everyone will earn bragging rights. You’ll never look at a bottle of wine the same way.

October 2021 | 37



Above: 2021's Harvest Right: The Author participating in Harvest 2021

From the Vine to the Vat


he harvest season in the wine industry consumes time, energy and focus of the winemaker and the team in a way that is difficult to describe adequately. This process of crop preservation has happened since the beginning of agriculture and civilization. In a very short time, all the effort of the growing season is transferred from the vine to the vat. Hot days, rain storms, equipment malfunctions, exhausted staff, long days and nights, and critical decisions all add up to an opportunity to give the job everything you have and to set the bar for the quality of the vintage. I am deep in the middle of this annual event as I write this so you may see a different side of my thoughts. The weather this season has been inconsistent: hot, cool, wet, dry. This means more challenges and transitions in the vineyard. I could have done better this year: being a little overextended kept me and the team a little behind this year, mainly when the weather shifted and I didn’t react quickly enough. With challenge comes opportunity, though, and I am very proud of how my staff has been working this year. We incorporated some of our Ag School students in with the regular team, which has worked out well. My regulars got a chance to teach and lead 38 | October 2021

more as a result, and to work with people they were not used to working with. I also have had more opportunity to teach and nurture some fresh folks, as well as encourage seasoned team members stretching out of their comfort zone. In addition to the harvest season, this is normally our busiest time in the tasting room. September and October have traditionally been filled with families, new visitors, tasting groups, and wine club members coming out for a fall experience in the countryside and October is Virginia Wine Month. Wine sales have always been very strong during these months as well. I have become concerned over the past few months as our customer counts and sales numbers have been down substantially compared to previous years. I know there are a number of factors influencing this situation, but identifying and reacting to these factors is not always quick and easy. As a farm winery, when sales are down, I can’t just send a memo to the vines not to produce grapes. The grapes grow regardless. We sell the surplus to others as we can or shift gears to make other products that may sell better. Another challenge is that our business model is built not only on customers coming out and tasting wine and enjoying

an afternoon, but on buying wine to take home with them. Many of the new wineries and breweries make their income on the experience at the venue and anything the customer takes home is gravy. And many of them don’t really farm, so if sales are down they simply order less material and make fewer products. But the grapes are ripe and waiting, so my challenge is to build a strategic plan that balances production and sales and still has flexibility to be adjustable when needed, both long term and short. My hope is that people

recognize that the romance and tradition of this industry are a part of what keeps it from changing on a dime, and that some things (rain, freezes) are beyond our control. All businesses have been affected by our changing climate as well as our changing social cultures, and wineries are no exception. We are, like everyone else, doing the best we can. So what can you do? Visit wineries, both old favorites and ones that are new to you. Buy wine to enjoy at home and to share at a friend’s. Be an advocate for Virginia

wines, for your favorite wineries, and for the industry in general. As our social circles have shrunk over the last 18 months, folks have not consumed wine like in the past. We all benefit from the wineries and their agricultural efforts, though. We—the wineries and vineyards— hope that we can sustain what we are doing well into the future. Some years it is easier than others. For my part, I’ll continue to work hard, and hopefully smart, to continue being a good steward of the land we love.

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ctober marks the beginning of the holiday seasons. This is the time of year when we start making all those yummy baked goods and delicious homemade soups. Instead of letting all this wonderful food catch up to us this year, let’s make a goal to maintain our fitness. The kids are back in the full swing of things at school and your work schedule starting to fill up, be sure to take some time for yourself before things get too hectic. Working out is your

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time to unwind and de-stress whether it’s before the start of the day or at the end of a crazy work shift. I’m sure that some of you have had a little extra time to set aside for your workout now that the kids are back in school. Just remember that dedicated workout times are great but you can get your exercise other ways as well. You don’t necessarily have to set aside a whole hour to workout. Exercising can actually be a lot of fun. Wondering what to do on a Saturday afternoon? Look for an activity that suits the whole family! Check out a local climbing wall or hiking trail. Push your kids on the swings or climb with them on the jungle gym. Plan a neighborhood kickball or touch football game. Find an activity you enjoy, and go for it. If you get bored, try something new. If you’re moving, it counts! Exercise helps us deal with stress and can increase the energy we need to have to deal with all of our daily activities. Exercise stimulates various brain chemicals that may leave you feeling happier and more relaxed than you were before you worked out. You’ll also look better and feel better when you exercise regularly. This will boost your confidence and improve your self-esteem as well. Exercise even reduces feelings of depression and anxiety. Use regular exercise as a way to improve your own well-being and as a way to keep up with your busy life. If your weekdays are anything like mine, you are running around from the minute you wake up in the morning until you climb into bed at night. While exercise can help you have more energy throughout the day it can also help you sleep better at night. Regular exercise can help you fall asleep faster and deepen your sleep. The timing is up to you, but if you’re

having trouble sleeping you might want to try late afternoon workouts. The natural dip in body temperature five to six hours after you exercise might help you fall asleep. When you sleep better at night you wake up feeling more energized for the day. Having a good night’s sleep can improve your productivity, mood and concentration. As if there weren’t enough good reasons to exercise here is another one that will keep you motivated through the cooler months. Exercise helps improve your immune system. We are exposed to viruses and germs every day. As the weather gets cooler we tend to spend less time outdoors and more time inside. The average adult will get sick with a cold about two times a year. Some people are less susceptible to becoming sick because their immune systems are stronger. More and more research is finding a link between moderate, regular exercise and a strong immune system. Regular exercise has been linked to a positive immune system response and a temporary boost in the production of macrophages, the cells that attack bacteria. It is believed that regular, consistent exercise can lead to substantial benefits in immune system health over the long-term. With the holidays right around the corner and things becoming more hectic, we can all count on exercise as one way to de-stress and stay healthy. Aside from the many benefits I have mentioned already, I’m sure that you have come to find that exercise is something that can help many aspects of our busy lives. Whether you work out to de-stress from work, keep up with your family, or simply for the feeling of a good hard workout, exercise is something that you can always fall back on. October 2021 | 39




f you seem to be stuck in the same old cardio routine, you might want to try interval training. This type of cardio training involves alternating bouts of high and low intensity exercise. Interval training can accomplish many things. The first benefit of interval training is that you can finish a greater amount of work (calorie burn) that is normally not possible with continuous exercise. You will be able to burn more calories in the same amount of time when compared to traditional (same-intensity) cardio.

The second benefit of interval training includes improvements in your lactate threshold or your body’s ability to clear lactate from the bloodstream. Lactate (lactic acid) is what causes muscular fatigue, interferes with muscle contraction, and often times makes you feel ill. By elevating lactic acid levels, you are challenging your body to manage lactate more efficiently. Eventually, you will be able to handle more intense exercise. Interval training can be performed many ways. It can involve short periods of high

intensity exercise (2-5 minutes at 80-90% Heart Rate Max) with longer periods of lesser intensities (6-10 minutes at 40-60% Heart Rate Max). For example, you can try running faster than your normal pace (2-5mph) for 2-5 minutes, and then slow it down to slightly less than your normal speed. Interval training can also involve even higher intensity exercise (90-100% HR Max) for 10-15 seconds with “active recovery” between bouts. An example of this on a stationary bike would require pedaling at a higher resistance level

(say 18) for 10-15 seconds, and then returning to a much easier resistance level (4) with a slow pedaling pace for 4550 seconds. Interval training can also include performing two different modes of cardio exercise such as treadmill running for the high intensity and riding the bike for the low

intensity bout. Interval training should only be used after you have established a good aerobic base and are able to maintain your heart rate within your training zone for about the same amount of time spent on interval training.

Unverzagt holds Bachelor of Science degree in Wellness Management from Black Hills State University. He is a certified Strength & Conditioning Specialist through the National Strength & Conditioning Association and a Registered Diagnostic Cardiac Sonographer through the American Registry for Diagnostic Medical Sonography.

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Fall Is Here And New Beauty Trends Abound


nlike previous seasons where the beauty trends were a mixed bag of ethereal and fresh to bold and colorful, the fall beauty regimen is definitive and distinct and anything but a mixed bag. While there are many options for how to fashion your face this fall, there is a definitive trend of colors - berry, rich, charcoal and flush. The looks are bold, but beautiful and quite frankly, a fresh take on recent trends. You’ll find throwbacks from the 80’s and Haircuts $15 Shampoo, Cut & Blow Dry $18 (extra charge for long hair) Scissors Cut $17+up Color $43+up Permanent $45+up (including haircut & conditioner)

new twists on the classics. The basis for makeup regimens is foundation and this fall’s look is moving away from the matte finish. Semimatte (with a hint of glow) is the foundation of choice. The point is no longer just to cover up flaws, but to allow one’s inner glow to shine through. All you need to do is lighten up - simply brush on light layers of foundation and avoid, at all cost, the temptation to cover up. All that covering leads to layers of cake that only emphasize flaws. Step a step back, peel

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away the layers, and allow your unique features to shine through. Monochromatic looks are this seasons answer to a quick, fresh look. Pair your cheek color with the same for lips and eyes. Delight in the fact that the colors are light and airy with emphasis on peachy and pink tones with a hint of shimmer. If you can’t find the exceptional balance between the perfect color and a hint of shimmer, opt for layers. Simply take a peach or pink blush and layer a shimmery bronzer over it. Voila! Another note about the cheeks this Fall. For those of you blessed with high cheekbones, don’t hide them … make them come alive. While season’s past has focused on the apples of our cheeks, this year cheek color is taken from the apples to the hairline. Caution though… this is not a road map. Blend it to naturally accentuate the cheekbone. The look for eyes is bold, but the key is knowing when and where to wear these looks. While bold in color, they can be applied subtly for day with the option to amp it up for night. Colors of gray, chocolate, gold and cobalt

abound. Matte gray shadow on the eyes is a major focus for this fall. Gray is great on so many skin tones that it’s virtually a neutral color. Sweep the gray over the lid; add eyeliner, mascara and you’re done. Chocolate is another beautiful and bold color for eyes this season. Chocolate mixed with some gold helps to keep the eye from looking flat or mousy. Achieve the look by putting chocolate in the crease and blending it to the outer corners of the eye. Then sweep gold from the corner of the eyes and over the middle of the lid being sure to blend with the chocolate so it doesn’t look like tiger stripes. The color is applied lightly, not heavy. Too heavy and you’ll like the outcome of a boxing match. Finally, a quick and easy look for eyes this fall essentially starts and ends with cobalt eyeliner. For evening, line the top, bottom, and edges of the eye. Wear with bare lids, black mascara, soft lips and cheeks. Done. To make it appropriate for day, just line the top of the lids and follow the same rules. The beauty trend for lips is a bit like oil and water. At

one end of the spectrum – the nude lip. At the other end – colors reminiscent of red wines … Bordeaux. The nude lip is more sheerly pink than absolute nude. Glossy is better while glitter is almost never. To keep your face from looking naked, pair the nude lip with either a bold eye or face. The opposite is true for bold colored lips. Avoid looking Goth by pairing these lips with pale shades everywhere else. Hairstyles are a retake on old classics. It’s pulled together without being stiff. Waves are more billow and fluffy, rather than spiraled. Ponytails and buns are tidy without looking greased back and slick. Try a tight, low looped ponytail for a change. Add a bold accessory and you’ve got the look! Headbands haven’t been popular since Hillary Clinton was First Lady, but they are back and not politically correct. Thick headbands are embellished with sparkles and bows. Others are worn in multiples of two or three. And, the only way to wear these headbands is close to the hairline and hair teased at the crown. October 2021 | 41




he word elicits a response from social media overlords, fact checking and links to the CDC with information about social distancing, masks, vaccines, more masks, and booster shots. But when you mention covid to anglers, they go fish. Even the Maryland Governor’s stay at home order in March 2020 couldn’t keep fishermen from wetting a line. As covid continues, many family gatherings, outdoor activities, and sporting events have gone underground to avoid being labeled a “super spreader”. Rising above it all and keeping it real…and safe, families and friends chose fishing as the much needed escape from the incessant media and political coverage of things you could and couldn’t do. Tournaments continued on a limited basis and the 25th Annual St Jude Children’s Hospital Tournament was cancelled. Always an inexpensive and accessible activity, during covid fishing hooked participants normally not even remotely interested. After every other form of recreation was shut down, fishing was wide open.  Alexandriabased Recreational Boating & Fishing Foundation’s (RBFF) 2021 Special Report on Fishing shows fishing grew in popularity with nearly 55 million participants, including 4.4 million first-timers. Fishing satisfies covid cops as being a safe activity. Picking up a rod relieves other covid symptoms, stress, and anxiety, enabling 42 | October 2021

participants to focus on something outdoors that’s free from covid hype or hypodermic needles. While covid has shut down the country, it has led new people to the water. Getting to the water is the first step toward fishing. Most first time anglers expected their trip to be relaxing. Spending time with family was the most common motivation to start fishing, according to the study. These newcomers have brought the fishing industry closer to its goal of reaching 60 million participants within the 60-month period ending in December 2021. Fishing isn’t just a “guy” thing. This report says new participants are also diverse. Females are taking to the water with a 10% increase with nearly 20 million involved. This is key as angling moms are more likely to share their outdoors experience with their children, adding to the growing fishing population. Younger Americans, ages 6 to 17, also headed to the water with 13.5 million broadening the base support. This is a crucial indicator for fishing’s future as 88% of current anglers began fishing before age 12. 4.8 million Hispanic Americans went fishing in 2020, an alltime high. African American participation increased by 14.6% year-over-year, comprising 7.7% of all anglers in 2020. However, this growth hasn’t come without losing many fishing constituents. For whatever reason, people lose

interest or just plain forget about fishing when it comes to allocating recreation time. In 2020, 17.5% of the total angling population, representing 8.8 million, did not fish. Taking advantage of the covid spurt, industry experts sought ways to keep fishing as a front of mind activity and to convert newcomers into loyal, repeat anglers. To accomplish this retention program and to continue to attract a wide range of Americans to fishing, RBFF has partnered with Discover Boating for a second year of their Get On Board campaign. Promoting wellness benefits of fishing and boating, they supply customizable tools available at RBFF national Take Me Fishing™ and Vamos A Pescar™ campaigns, along with many state agency and boating and fishing industry partnerships entice target audiences to spend more

time boating and fishing. Senior Vice President of Marketing and Communications for RBFF, Stephanie Vatalaro says, “Over the last five years, our targeted outreach efforts and long-term planning positioned fishing well to handle the unique challenges and opportunities faced during 2020.” Vatalaro says Americans looked for safe ways to get out of their homes during the pandemic. “Fishing offered a socially-distant outlet for families and individuals to get outdoors and experience the wellness benefits of nature.” Congress passed the Sport Fishing and Boating Safety Act in 1998, requiring the Secretary of the U.S. Department of the Interior to implement a national outreach and communication plan to address recreational boating and fishing participation. RBFF was tasked to ensure boating and sport fishing legacies are never lost.

Supported by advertising and public service announcements, public relations, and social media, features how-to videos, state fishing license and boat registration information and links, and an interactive map to locate fishing and boating spots. With more than two decades of outreach, the numbers are turning in favor of the fishing industry. More Americans are discovering that fishing is a pastime for spending quality time in a quality environment. If your goal is to introduce more people to fishing, Covid might be just what the doctor ordered. Author Capt. Steve Chaconas is Potomac bass fishing guide. Potomac River reports: Book trips/ purchase gift certificates: info@

Potomac River Bassing in October Shallow crankbaits, like squarebills, on 12 pound test Gamma Edge fluorocarbon line cover water. Look for hard cover or scattered grass remnants and contact the cover and pause or in grass, snap free. Under cloudy skies with stained water or with a chop, spinnerbaits are great to use. Try the ¼ ounce size with gold blades and white skirts. Soft plastics are always a good way to catch fish. Pitch shoreline cover at higher tides and ends of docks and laydowns when the tide falls. Same for grass beds. Try deeper edges at low tide and get into the grass when the tide is high. Texas rigged tubes and creature baits are best. In clear water try green pumpkin or watermelon. In stained water, black/blue patterns work. Thread onto a 3/0 worm hook with a pegged 3/16 ounce weight. For the tougher bite, drop shot, split shot, and shaky head. Use 15-20 Gamma Torque braid with 10 pound test Edge leader. Work slowly on spinning gear. There’s still topwater action to be had. Poppers on 10 pound test Gamma Torque braid can be cast a long way on spinning gear to cover water. Best at lower tides when there’s low light, clear water, and no chop.

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’m an organizer at heart. When I’m stressed, I tackle a junk drawer. When I’m overwhelmed, I pull a closet apart. When I need to bury my head in the sand, I head to the overflowing garage shelves. On the verge of a birthday when I’m turning double nickels as I did recently, I headed to the underwear drawer. I’d call it ‘lingerie’, but that would make it sound as if it was full of frilly lace corsets, garter belts, and leopard print teddies when in fact, it is not. That being said, there are quite a few holdovers from my thong days. There was a time — a solid decade or so — when I: a) felt confident enough to wear a thong; b) convinced myself that a piece of string between my butt cheeks was far more comfortable than all that material; and c) thought my jiggling cellulite was more sexy than panty lines. I was young and naive. Staring down at three decades worth of underwear, the voice in my head whispered, “You’re old. You’re never wearing a thong again.” But, maybe I could. Maybe I would. Maybe if I can lose enough weight to fit into those white capris. I’d NEED a thong for those. “Who are you kidding?” the voice said. “You’d wear a tunic.” Oh, right. “Besides, you’ve passed those thongs over the last five major drawer organizing attempts. What happened to your three strike rule?” Well, yeah. But, it’s not like they take up all that much space. Besides, think how much easier they’d be to wear now that I don’t have to worry about unexpected visits from Aunt Flo. “Girl — who are you talking to? You went straight from thongs to boy shorts. You bypassed french cut, hipsters, Old Town Crier

and low rises. You are literally one step shy of granny panties.” STOP IT. That is not true. Boy shorts are sexy! And, I’m not old! I’m mature… My thong years were not my happiest by any stretch of that cheap lycra. I was buried in work and not living my best Oprah life. Chances are that sexy pair of fuchsia thongs were worn under a pair of old sweats while cleaning out a client’s basement. Pretty sure that not a lot of pairs saw the light of day let alone any romantic candlelight. But that’s one of the reasons we wear sexy undergarments, right? For ourselves. To make ourselves feel pretty and sexy. Those thongs helped me feel

beautiful on days I needed a little extra convincing. They were an investment in my sexuality and femininity. I may have been eating Ramen noodles at night while watching Law & Order with my cat, but damn it, my underwear said, “Girl—you are hot and sexy and you don’t need a man to prove it. But, if he does show up, you’ll be ready. In the meantime, clean the litter box and open another can of tuna.” I’m tossing my thongs, and you know what? It feels freeing. I’ve entered a new stage of life. One where I am embracing my body for how it is today. It is good, healthy, and strong. I no longer need to be an underwear masochist. I no longer require a

style of underwear to gauge my confidence, attractiveness, or sexiness. You know what’s sexy? Being able to rock a pair of boy shorts and my husband’s XXL tee. You know what’s sexy? Feeling confident, content, and well. And, being in love with yourself. (Working on that, but succeeding more than not). Boy shorts are the new thong. They are sexy, in a fun, flirty, ‘let’s lie around after brunch’ way. Besides my Poise panty liners fit in them better. When I laugh—which I plan to often—I need to take a leaky bladder into consideration. A small price to pay for not having to deal with cramps and bloating if you ask me.

I may be anxious about many things, but panty lines isn’t one of them. They are the least of my worries. Maybe I’ll tackle those heels next. “You’re never gonna wear those pink patent leather stilettos again. Look — you can barely find them for all the sneakers and Uggs.” Oh, shut up. I might. There are many date nights in my future. At a real restaurant with candle light. Maybe I better hold onto a pair of those thongs too just in case. Please follow Lori on Medium. She is a local writer, painter and pet lover who loves to share her experiences and expertise. October 2021 | 43



PUMPKIN SPICE MILKSHAKE $34.88 for 32oz w/ alcohol (including tax) $26 w/o alcohol Jim Beam Bourbon cream, Vanilla ice cream, pumpkin spice sauce, pumpkin cheesecake

“SCARFACE” - $17 Casamigos Blanco Tequila, Cointreau, Lime juice, House made simple syrup, Pinot noir, Tajin Garnished Rim

“PRETTY IN PINK” - $17 1800 tequila, Malibu Rum, Guava juice, Lime juice, House made Simple Syrup, garnish of dried dragon fruit pieces and rose gold glitter

“ARDI’S SPIKED COBBLER” - $16 Crown Royal Apple, bourbon Cream, graham cracker crumbles, apple cinnamon spiced drizzle Rim

44 | October 2021


any of you regular OTC readers may remember that I touched on the 80’s themed “pop up” that was gracing the Pose Rooftop Lounge space in the Gaylord in the August issue. It was only supposed to have a summertime life span but its tenure has been extended through the fall and maybe into the holiday season! Replay is a take on everything 80’s including the music that streams through the many speakers throughout the space. On my visit there in mid-August, I was so happy to know all of the words to pretty much all of the songs that aired while I was there. You know, like Culture Club’s “Karma Chameleon”….it’s the little things! This place is very interactive with retro games like Pong and the infamous Rubik’s Cube. There are replicas of the televisions of the 80’s and lots of neon and the specialty milkshakes are served on Replay frisbees. The décor is way fun. My favorite seating iws on one of the big red lip sofas and there are several different groupings with other very art deco looking designs. The color schemes are soothing in one sense and exhilarating in another. The purpose of my trek to Replay, however, was to “test drive” the new fall “boozy” concoctions. While full bar service (both alcoholic and

non) is available at Replay, their specialty drinks and “boozy” milkshakes are the highlights of the house. I love being invited to things like this. I drank every one of the three specialty cocktails and as much of the featured milkshake as I could without getting brain freeze. I have to admit that I was sort of skeptical of the “Scarface” concoction but it was fantastic and I’m not a huge fan of pumpkin spice but I did like the milkshake. The drink portions are generous and the presentation is fabulous. The milkshake comes with basically a full cookie combo dessert as a topper! New to the club since my initial visit last July is their General Manager and Lounge Poet, Jarell Goodwin. Yes…. they have a Lounge Poet. As part of his “Poet” duties, Jarell performs a toast with words of encouragement, profound thoughts and colorful advice as the sun sets on the Potomac. Goodwin has been in the hospitality industry for over a decade, with a strong background in luxury hospitality. He was previously employed with the W Hotel in D.C. where he was the manager for POV – the well-known rooftop bar. Aside from his love of craft beverages and fine wines - he

is also a self-published author, whose first project was set to give back all the knowledge he wished he’d had before starting out in the hospitality industry. His book is titled, “You’re F*cking Welcome”. The club is open to all ages from 4-9 pm and then to adults only after 9 and they close at midnight. The entrance is located to your immediate right as you enter the main doors on the north side of the building. Take the express elevator to the club level and you are there. I had the pleasure of meeting with my longtime Gaylord Marketing guru Jennifer Cerasani and their latest hire, Patrice Clayton, during my adventure. We discussed the challenges the Resort has faced and where things are headed in the future. I did my best to get them to spill the beans about the upcoming holiday promotion(s). The only thing they would guarantee is that it is going to be even bigger and better than the previous “Christmas On the Potomac” celebrations. Those are big shoes to fill. I looked forward to the ICE productions and all of the other hoopla every year. Jennifer assures me I will not be disappointed. I am hoping that by the time this issue is actually on the streets and posted on the interwebs they will have made an announcement. Watch the OTC Facebook page in any case for updated information! Old Town Crier

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Old Town Crier- Full Issue October 2021  


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