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Driving culture How Jonathan Fowler became a force for progress By George Lang, P. 25














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inside COVER P. 17 Through his tireless promotion of music and the arts in central Oklahoma, Jonathan Fowler of Fowler Holding Company has found the sweet spot between art and commerce. By George Lang Photo by Megan Cherie Cover by Karson Brooks

NEWS 4 State Troy Stephenson and

Freedom Oklahoma part ways

on State Question 788


Chicken-Fried News

5 MARIJUANA Oklahoma votes ‘yes’ 7 City bikewalkokc is approved


episode 3 june 25


EAT & DRINK 10 Review Hopscotch

11 Feature Lip Smackers 13 Marijuana edibles

14 Gazedibles America!


ARTS & CULTURE 17 Cover Jonathan Fowler

18 OKG SHOP local bath and body


19 Theater Hello, Dolly! at Lyric



21 Theater The Revolutionists at

Shakespeare in the Park 22 Culture Rodgers & Hammerstein’s Oklahoma! The Birth of Modern Musical Theatre and a New Image for the State at Oklahoma History Center








23 Culture Hill Irish Dance School 24 Calendar

MUSIC 27 Event Smashing Pumpkins

28 Event Woody Guthrie Folk Festival 29 Live music

FUN 29 Astrology

30 Puzzles sudoku | crossword

OKG Classifieds 31


In the June 27, 2018 Oklahoma Gazette theater article “Break-ups” by Heather Warlick, Rhonda Clark is misidentified as the director of the play and referenced throughout the article. Linda McDonald is the director and was interviewed for the story. We apologize and regret the error.

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Split decision Freedom Oklahoma parts ways with executive director Troy Stevenson amid social media heat. By Ben Luschen

In early June, Troy Stevenson wrote a Facebook post celebrating the fact that a group from Oklahoma County Republican Party had committed to marching in this year’s OKC Pride Parade. But not everyone on the social media site celebrated along with him. Several social media posts wondered why the GOP, a party with a vocal antiLGTBQ+ contingent on both the local and national level, would be welcome at the event. On June 21, one day before the start of OKC Pride’s three-day celebration, Freedom Oklahoma announced that it was parting ways with Stevenson, the LGBTQ+ advocacy group’s founding executive director. Freedom Oklahoma, in a statement released the same day, said the move represents a difference in approach between the civic organization and its former director. “On this eve of Pride,” the statement reads, “we have an opportunity to reflect on how far we’ve come and how far we have left to go. The road toward equality is not easy, and collectively, we have not always agreed on the best way to achieve results.” During a recent interview with Oklahoma Gazette, Stevenson said he is a strong believer in reaching out to both sides. He thinks true acceptance includes reaching out across the political spectrum as well as gender and sexual preference. “It seems like that was a step too far for a lot of people [in the LGBTQ+ community],” Stevenson said. “They believe that because the national and state Republican parties have been anti-LGBTQ in the past, it was inappropriate for the local county party and specifically active, gay Republicans who wanted to be a part of the Pride celebration.” Stevenson, an Independent who was once registered Democrat, said his firing by Freedom Oklahoma was not the result of a specific Facebook post, but an overall disagreement over his work and support of individuals that some members of the LGBTQ+ community saw as controversial. He recognizes that his bipartisan approach is sometimes unpopular, which has become even more apparent to him in the last month. “I quickly realized that — if this is the way the community wanted to go — that my approach was probably best taken somewhere else,” he said.

Sitting out

Oklahoma County Republican Party 4

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chairman Daren Ward said he was approached by a group of Republicans who said they would be interested in marching in this year’s OKC Pride Parade — a request he gave his full blessing. That group also reached out to Stevenson, who then made his Facebook post talking about how the gesture would be a great olive branch between local Republicans and the LGTBQ+ community. “I never anticipated that saying ‘I’m excited the Oklahoma County Republican Party has agreed to march in Pride’ would cause that kind of backlash,” Stevenson said. After the backlash from Stevenson’s post, Ward said he heard from OKC Pride saying their parade was full and there were safety concerns related to the group’s inclusion. “The part about being full I don’t [believe] because the initial reaction was just like, ‘Absolutely not; no way,’” Ward said. “The safety concerns after the firestorm had already started, I get.” Ward, who recently lost a bid for Oklahoma County treasurer to Forrest Butch Freeman in a Republican primary, said even he advised the group of Republicans planning on marching to stay away after seeing the anger some people reacted with online. To his knowledge, there has never been another group of Republicans to take part in the OKC Pride Parade, but that is not due to their scarcity. “There are a lot of gay Republicans,” Ward said, “but they don’t necessarily want to say they’re Republican, a lot because of things like what happened a couple of weeks ago.” Still, if things are able to work out in the future, Ward said he would support another group of Republican marchers in the OKC Pride Parade. The chairman also said he is an admirer of the advocacy work Stevenson has done in the Capitol, whose halls he often frequents during legislative session. Ward said he is saddened if Stevenson indeed lost his job over expressing support for Republican participation in OKC Pride. “[Stevenson] has been a good advocate,” Ward said. “He doesn’t always win, obviously, but he has influenced a lot of people at the Capitol with his work.”

not accommodate Republican participation wondered whether the party had done anything for the LGBTQ+ community warranting inclusion in the event. “If the GOP ever have a place in this parade, which is meant to celebrate our allies and our progress; then this parade has completely sold out its soul to corporate America,” one commenter wrote. In a June 21 statement from Freedom Oklahoma, the organization thanked its former director for his years of hard work leading the group through legislative battles for equality. Freedom Oklahoma also looks at the occasion as the start of a new chapter. “What brings us together is our passion for progress, for our community, and for each other,” the statement reads. “We take this time to celebrate our diversity while also recognizing there’s more that unites us than divides us. We look forward to continuing to work in the best interest of our community and remain resolute in our advocacy on behalf of Oklahoma’s LGBTQ community, women, and other marginalized groups because none of us are equal until all of us are equal.” Freedom Oklahoma board chair Brett Baldwin declined to comment on the specific reasoning for Stevenson’s removal but did say the search for a new executive director is already underway. “We’ve already had four or five local individuals who are well qualified throw their hats into the ring,” he said. “I don’t think this will be a search that takes us a long time.” There is no timeline for naming a new executive director, but Baldwin said Freedom Oklahoma’s search will be national. In the meantime, an interim executive director is expected to be named soon.

Baldwin said in many similar cases where an organization is looking to replace a longtime executive director, it is a time of division in leadership. But he said that’s not the case here. Freedom Oklahoma’s board is unified. “That’s not just lip service,” he said. “This should be an opportunity for our community to grow and improve and be stronger, not the other way around.”

Still united

Though there is some talk of division, Baldwin sees the local LGBTQ+ community as a group with a lot of positive momentum. “I think we’re moving in the right direction,” Baldwin said. “We have a lot of strong leaders, and there’s opportunities always for us to work better together. There’s strong leaders in all sectors of the community.” Baldwin and Stevenson both said they remain friends, despite Freedom Oklahoma’s change in direction. Stevenson said the organization has been his “baby” for a long time and, if permitted, he would like to work with them in the future. “I will do anything to make it successful going forward,” he said. “I’m there for them; I’m not walking away completely.” As for Stevenson’s next career move, he plans on staying in Oklahoma and has already received calls from a few people about new opportunities. Recent reactions to his support for a bipartisan approach have not changed his desire to reach across the aisle. If anything, Stevenson sees more need than ever to bridge the gap. “I hope society can get past this divide and look at people for who they are rather than for what letter sits behind their name,” he said.

New chapter

OKC Pride president Lori Honeycutt declined to comment on Stevenson or Freedom Oklahoma when contacted by Gazette. Some commenters on a June 13 OKC Pride Facebook post explaining that their parade was at capacity and could

Former Freedom Oklahoma executive director Troy Stevenson speaks at a state Capitol news conference in 2015. On June 21, the LGBTQ+ advocacy group announced that Stevenson was no longer with its organization. | Photo Gazette / file

m a r i j ua n a

Not last

Supporters and advocates cheer as Oklahoma becomes the 30th state to legalize medicinal marijuana. By Ben Luschen

When Yes on 788 officially declared victory on election night, a joyful cheer rang throughout 51st Street Speakeasy, where hundreds gathered indoors and out for an official watch party. It is appropriate that victory on the medical marijuana state question would be declared inside a bar taking inspiration from the speakeasy drinking establishments that popped up during the United States’ Prohibition era. June 26’s historic results promised an end to restrictions of another kind. Local rapper and visual artist Mike Huckeby, also known as Huckwheat of the Sativa Prophets hip-hop collective, was one of many people who showed up at Speakeasy to watch the results roll in. Huckeby and the Sativa Prophets group have been vocal supporters of SQ788 and its get-out-the-vote efforts. They played an election awareness concert the Saturday before election night at Speakeasy. Huckeby said the victory and the new

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industry medical marijuana brings into the state should be seen as an enticing opportunity for entrepreneurial-minded Oklahomans. He wryly suggested a new taxi app for users to call on when they are too high to drive. “We need to start an Oklahoma City weed Lyft,” Huckeby said. “‘If you’ve been smokin’, call your boys.’ BudsBus, let’s go!” SQ788 passed with 56.84 percent of the vote. More than 506,000 ‘yes’ votes were cast for the measure. Oklahoma is the 30th state to legalize medicinal marijuana — something Huckeby said he is proud of. “The fact that we’re not last, that’s a big thing to me,” he said. Huckeby’s criticism of 788 opposition comes at least partially framed within the context of opioid and prescription drug overdose deaths. He said it is hard to take arguments about the threat of marijuana seriously when it is a drug that has never had a reported

overdose death (a fact supported by the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration). Any earnest discussion on addiction to pain medicines, he said, should at least mention the availability of cannabis as an alternative. “If you’re not going to legalize bud, then you’re not talking about everything,” he said. Huckeby was thrilled with not just the result, but with the high turnout in general. “It makes me feel more confident about the direction of Oklahoma as a whole,” he said.

Flawed arguments?

As it became clear on election night that the 788 ‘yes’ votes had built up an insurmountable lead, friends Drew House and Blake Dowell reflected on the op-

New Health Solutions Oklahoma executive director Bud Scott left poses for a photo with local rapper and artist Mike “Huckwheat” Huckeby right during the official Yes on 788 election night watch party at 51st Street Speakeasy. | Photo Sean Vali / provided

positional arguments they heard against the state question, which they called “hilarious.” “To us, it was like Reefer Madness,” House said. House and Dowell said they have been following 788 closely for months. House has plans to eventually enter the state’s fledgling marijuana industry as a grower. He believes that some of the people arguing against the state question were motivated by ties to industries that could be affected by legalization, such as pharmaceutical companies and continued on page 6

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NEWS Live Music Calendar 2018

July 7/14 Rachel Lynch and Cedar House 7/21 Chelsey Cope 7/28 Sarmiento Bros.



m a r i j ua n a

continued from page 5

for-profit prisons. House said most opposition claims did not seem to be rooted in fact. “With someone arguing for it, there’s passion, there’s research,” he said. “At the end of the day, there’s no research for [the opposition] to run to. Show me the bodies — who’s died from this?” Dowell said international studies on the medical and pain-management benefits of cannabis can be easily found online, even if U.S.-backed research is lacking. House called 788 opponents motivated by their own financial gain selfish. “There’s really no logical reason to be against it,” he said. Dowell wonders whether people campaigning against 788 were entirely convinced of the side they were on. “It seemed like they didn’t have confidence in the information they were putting out,” Dowell said. “The people who were on the pro- side, they verbalized their arguments better.”

That was simply our deal, just an awareness campaign. Jed Green

Turnout victory

When Yes on 788 director Jed Green was not keeping close tabs on 788 voting tallies during the Speakeasy watch party, he was giving on-camera spot interviews to local media. The evening was as frantic as it was joyous. Green was pleased with the results but restrained his revelry, knowing there was still work to do to fine-tune the measure’s details. “I haven’t yet celebrated,” he said. “I was on the job again at 7 a.m. the next day.” According to State Election Board numbers, 891,654 votes were cast on SQ788. That is more than double the 432,757 total combined votes in the 2014 primary election. Green said Yes on 788 knew it would face opposition with much more funding than their own campaign had to offer. Instead of fighting money with money, Yes on 788 focused all of its attention to get-out-the-vote efforts. “We knew if we expanded the electorate — which we did effectively, doubling the historical precedent and breaking records — that we would move enough bodies to simply overwhelm the opposition,” Green said. Green said the campaign considered analytical voter data, which was helpful, but ultimately not a determining factor in their ability to achieve victory. “We know where the data road ends and it just becomes a map,” he said. “It allows us to target the folks we want, but one of the things about it is that you cannot run a simply data-driven campaign. Literally, you just kick back to 6

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1950s tactics, and that’s what we did.” Green said Yes on 788 dropped literature off at every door in 60 voter precincts within Oklahoma County. They also made around 750,000 phone calls to voters in four months of campaigning. Everything they did, Green said, was focused on awareness. T-shirts, yard signs and social media posts always had the primary vote date listed. “One of the reasons you have low turnout in primaries is that folks are just not aware of what those elections are,” he said. “That was simply our deal, just an awareness campaign.” Green feels that the ‘yes’ vote’s status as a true grassroots campaign gave it an advantage over the highly funded opposition: fervent, passionate voters determined to show up in bulk. “We just ran them over,” he said. “That’s it.”

Turning heads

Green said he plans on closely working with Oklahoma Health Department to chisel out 788’s implementation framework. He also wants to guard against attempted changes to the state question’s original intent when the legislative session begins next year. “We do expect [lawmakers] to tinker,” he said. “We’re pushing them to tinker, and we’re in there tinkering with them and making sure the ultimate goal is to preserve the spirit of 788 and do as little to it as possible to make sure it is actually a functional system, not just immediately, but for the long haul.” Oklahomans for Health co-founder Chip Paul said it is big for the state not just that the state question was passed, but that it was passed with relatively little financial backing compared to the opposition. “I think it speaks volumes for the people of Oklahoma, the unity we created, the grassroots movement we created, and it is a powerful thing,” Paul said. “I think it freaks out the powers that be a little bit because it’s we the people rising up and saying, ‘We want this.’ It’s kind of a cool thing.” While Oklahoma does not have a reputation as a progressive state, Green said those who voted ‘yes’ should be proud of what they have accomplished, no matter which side of the political spectrum they normally align themselves. “I think it’s part of a larger social movement that includes education and criminal justice reform,” he said. “What it basically says is that there are issues where, if you strip away the partisan labels, you find 60-65 percent support for a wide variety of issues.” A lot of doubters wrote off the possibility of Oklahoma approving medicinal marijuana. But Green said it might be time to rethink what the state is capable of. “The reality is that it’s a whole lot more nuanced than that,” he said. “Oklahoma is a lot more complex than what a lot of people think.”

City of Oklahoma City Planning Department bike and pedestrian planner John Tankard played a key role in developing bikewalkokc. | Photo Ben Luschen

ways from healthier overall living. Large employers like to set up shop in places where they know the hiring pool is reliably healthy. More job opportunities can snowball into attracting new, talented people into the state. “It sounds too good to be true, but it’s not,” Tankard said. “That’s what’s happening here [in OKC]. MAPS [Metropolitan Area Projects Plan] is the greatest example of that.” In addition to physical construction projects, the bikewalkokc plan is also looking at policy initiatives and existing city code that can be updated to be more bike- and pedestrian-friendly. While implementation of most of these projects has yet to officially begin, Tankard said it won’t be too long until people start seeing a noticeable impact. “The wheels are moving, no pun intended,” he said.


Planning ahead

Path finder

OKC’s first master plan for pedestrians and cyclists aims to connect dots around the metro. By Ben Luschen

Many people would call the idea of living comfortably in Oklahoma City without a car impossible. But for John Tankard and his wife Elizabeth, it was a reality they willingly lived for three years. John works as a bike and pedestrian planner for the City of Oklahoma City Planning Department. He also helped run the blog Carless in OKC for several years in tandem with his wife. The couple moved here from Georgia after John got his job in OKC. There was one problem, though. They did not have a car or the financial means to obtain one before their move. As a short-term solution, they decided to move into downtown OKC within walking distance of his work. They figured John could do that until they saved up enough money to buy a car. But after several weeks of walking to work, it eventually dawned on Tankard how much he liked not having a daily commute. His wife was able to take the bus to work, and that was working out well for her, too. One night, the two were bored inside James E. McNellie’s Public House, looking up hobbies for couples on their phones. Eventually, blogging came up, which is where they got the idea for a blog about what life was like without a car in the state’s largest city. That’s when they

committed to making their carless status into a long-term lifestyle experiment. “We decided, ‘Let’s try it out. Let’s see what it’s like living without a car,’” he said.

New approach

Tankard’s experience living without a car in OKC is part of the reason he is so excited about his role in developing and facilitating the bikewalkokc plan, which is the city’s first master plan for both pedestrians and cyclists. The plan, which outlines several major bike and walk path projects to take place over many years, was approved by the city council in May. Car commutes are not likely to go away soon in a city sprawled over a large land area. The purpose of bikewalkokc is to make life easier for those who prefer — or are limited to — the alternatives. “This is a city that is very car-centric, and in no way is the goal of this plan to change that, necessarily,” Tankard said. “It’s just to make sure that this city works for everybody. It’s not that difficult of a concept, but the devil’s in the details.” A city that walks and bikes more is generally healthier than a city that spends its time locked in car traffic. Tankard said individual health is obviously an important thing, but the city benefits in more

In 2015, OKC adopted the comprehensive planokc. The plan took a very broad approach to comprehensive planning, not only considering things like land use, but also transportation, environment and culture. A section within planokc listed several goals toward improving the city’s long-term connectability. One of those goals was to create a comprehensive master plan for biking and pedestrians, which is what bikewalkokc represents. Tankard said while people are motivated to take on more active commuting methods for health reasons, OKC has also spent recent years developing areas into places that are more walkable — or at least have the potential to be. “People want to walk and bike in Oklahoma City,” he said. “That has become very apparent.” bikewalkokc is essentially a list of project plans driven by recognized needs with no specific funding attached. In September, voters approved an extension of the MAPS 1 percent sales tax to fund trail, sidewalk, bike path and other improvements. Much of that collected money will likely be used to complete bikewalkokc projects. The plan outlines numerous bike and pedestrian projects that would take the city decades to complete in total. Among them are plans to increase the walkability in the area around the N. Classen Boulevard and NW 23rd Street intersection and complete a loop of trails around Grand Boulevard, which would include a bridge over Deep Fork River. bikewalkokc also identifies several pedestrian priority areas, which are places that have strong urban form and are suitable for walkability but lack the infrastructure. Those areas include places like The Windsor District, Historic Stockyards City, Historic Capitol Hill and NW 23rd Street at Martin Luther King Boulevard.

Tankard said the idea is all about reintroducing pedestrian sensibilities into areas that were built up without them. “That’s due to policy from previous decades that deprioritized the pedestrian in order to prioritize automobiles,” he said. “We’ve since come back to realizing that, ‘No, we need sidewalks.’ People want them.” There is no set timeline for when all of bikewalkokc’s projects might be completed. The plan is designed in a way that allows projects to be addressed as funding is available. “It’s intentionally packed with projects to go well into the future,” Tankard said. “If we stick with this plan until 20 years from now, that’s great; we can do that. Or it sets us up to revise what we can do to keep moving forward in 10 years.”

Fresh perspective

The Carless in OKC blog earned the Tankards a lot of attention. For 26 weeks, the couple was invited onto KOSU for a short segment on living without a car that aired during Thursday commute hours. Tankard recalls the time a local news station shot a segment on the couple’s lifestyle.

People want to walk and bike in Oklahoma City. That has become very apparent. John Tankard “We’re there in our work clothes, getting filmed getting on the bus as if this is some crazy thing,” he said. “But then there are 50 other people getting on the bus going, ‘Why are you being filmed doing this?’ It was embarrassing, but in a constructive way for us.” There are a lot of people who promote cycling because they love bicycles, but those who are forced to use alternative transportation often have less representation. His carless experience has given Tankard more awareness and compassion for that community than he would have had otherwise. The Tankards have a car now. They like going on road trips to national parks, and while renting a vehicle was a suitable option, desperately trying not to ding a car on a drive up to Utah was more hassle than it was ultimately worth. Still, Tankard is inspired to help reshape the city in a way conducive to carless travel. The three-year experience of living without was a life-altering experience for him and his wife. “I won’t say not buying a car didn’t improve our quality of life because it certainly did,” he said, “but she and I both gained a lot of empathy for the people who don’t have that choice.” Visit

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friedNEWS Signs of times

Teaching lessons

As the two-week teacher walkout failed to get the increased school funding that it hoped in April, teachers and Oklahoma Education Association licked their wounds around the rallying cry of “Remember in November.” If last week’s primaries were any indication, the education coalition is following through on its call to action. Two of the 10 “no” votes in the state House against the teacher pay raise were voted out of office, and several more were pulled into the Aug. 28 runoff. Rep. Scott McEachin, R-Tulsa, was voted out of office after Tulsa World captured a photo of him checking his watch, telling visiting teachers he didn’t have time to meet with them. Oklahoma City State Senator Ervin Yen, R-Oklahoma City, earned the ire of teachers and nurse practitioners in the months leading up to the primary. Yen also used fearmongering and his medical background as a staunch anti-medical marijuana supporter only to see his own campaign go up in smoke, receiving less than 40 percent of the vote against Joe Howell. District 65 Republican incumbent Rep. Scooter Park lost outright to challenger Toni Hasenbeck, a seventh-grade teacher from Elgin. The Remember in November push included placing 112 candidates across both parties and chambers of state Legislature that were with either educators, support staff or had an immediate family member in education, according to OEA. The education-supported candidates did well in the primary as 47 either won the primary outright or advanced to the runoff, a lesson for anyone with the temerity to smart off to a teacher.

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On a recent dusky evening, the esteemed Chicken-Fried News panel gathered around its clairvoyant oracle, which we set up last Thursday in the office break room after Scott Pruitt’s voodoo doll got boring. “Oh ye mystical powers of the universe,” we howled in unison, “if’t be true that Oklahoma is a state locked in ceaseless political coil, we asketh thee to please showeth a sign. Or perhaps the absence of a sign?” A sudden clap of thunder rumbled from outside. The protein-rich broth of 100 Braum’s chocolate shakes boiled over from inside our large, iron cauldron. Then all became clear. Yes, U.S. District 5 Democratic candidate Tom Guild, our mighty oracle (via some lightning-fast camera action by local insurance agent Mark Mann) revealed your attempt to stealthily pluck the campaign signs of primary competitor Kendra Horn along Classen Boulevard. While your actions are surprising, it was oddly refreshing to see you fess up to the misdeed when questioned about it by NewsOK. “Sometimes, in the heat of a campaign, mistakes are made,” you told the site. “On reflection, removing some of my opponents signs — for any reason — was a mistake on my part for which I sincerely apologize.”

It is nice to hear an apology, but we are not sure this qualifies as a “mistake.” In fact, the photographic evidence looks pretty deliberate in nature. It’s not clear how much the bad press around the incident affected Guild’s campaign, but he garnered 17.9 percent of the district’s primary vote compared to Horn’s 43.8 percent. Still, because Horn did not quite pass the 50 percent threshold, Guild will compete against Horn in an Aug. 28 primary runoff. If Guild doesn’t want

to get crushed in August, he might consider taking up his own signs and bowing out of this one. Still, Guild was not the only one our oracle showed tampering with local signs. Nancy Anthony, wife of Oklahoma Corporation Commissioner Bob Anthony, was photographed campaigning for her husband just a few feet away from pushed down signs of Democratic gubernatorial candidates Drew Edmondson and Connie Johnson. If it is true that Nancy Anthony leveled those signs, as social media posters have said she admitted to doing, it is troubling because she is also executive director of Oklahoma City Community Foundation, one of the city’s largest philanthropic organizations. It is also quite curious, as Edmondson and Johnson were running for a completely unrelated seat on the opposite primary party ticket as Anthony. But hey, fierce political polarization is just a figment of the media’s imagination, right? Anthony is set to square off against former Senate Pro Tempore Brian Bingman in the Republican runoff. And while this is where our Chicken-Fried oracle puttered out, rest assured knowing political hijinks are not likely to end anytime soon in

this state. We’ve got our tactical pants on, so you know we’re on the edge of our seats.

Lamb fries

If you live in the Oklahoma City media market, you can be forgiven for thinking Lt. Gov. Todd Lamb was having the Oklahoma Governor’s Mansion measured for drapes and gun ranges. Lamb ads absolutely flooded OKC television viewers this spring. They started in April with the cute-but-benign “Go, Dad, Go!” spot featuring daughter Lauren and then veered into implied violence territory with an ad showing Lamb with a laser pointer aimed at his chest and capped off with an appearance by Brylcreem-encrusted internet troll Donald Trump Jr. Subsequent ads ran the gamut of standard-issue political effluvia. These included a text-heavy animated production that looked like a lyric video for a government wasteobsessed alt-pop band, an education spot in which a classroom full of kids tries to ignore the middleaged man in the white dress shirt yelling about administrative costs, the pro-military defense of Oklahoma testimonial from Gen.

Tommy Franks and, finally, a “Harry and Louise”-style couple giving the campaign summation over clips of Lamb patting a baby’s foot in front of a church and shaking hands with a real American in front of a wall of assault rifles. Lamb ads were everywhere in the OKC market, and comparatively speaking, former OKC Mayor Mick Cornett’s ads were sparse, to say the least. So, when Cornett and Gateway Mortgage Group CEO Kevin Stitt beat Lamb in the June 26 primary, it shocked most political junkies on the southwest end of Turner Turnpike. It turns out Cornett had Oklahoma City and its surrounding area

locked down hard and made significant inroads into Tulsa with some heavy ads up there, where he is less known for his Metropolitan Area Projects (MAPS) accomplishments and Ellen appearances. Jenks businessman Stitt, who had a home field advantage in the Tulsa market, trailed Cornett by 22,344 votes but beat Lamb by 2,451 votes. One lesson from all of this is that viewers should never assume that media saturation means guaranteed success. When this happens, it’s usually an indicator that the candidate needs desperate shoring up in the given media market. The other is that after Lamb served eight years under Gov. Mary Fallin, voters couldn’t get the lyrics to “Mary Had a Little Lamb” out of their heads and wanted no more of the fleece.

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EAT & DRINK The Mac Street Boys is pulled pork and jalapeño macaroni and cheese topped with Muenster cheese, spicy barbecue sauce and sweet pickle on jalapeño bread. | Photo Jacob Threadgill

re v ie w

First-year transition

Solid foundation

Menu staples of burgers and grilled cheese anchor Hopscotch in its first-year transition. By Jacob Threadgill

Hopscotch 10909 N. May Ave. | 405-286-4246 What works: The jalapeño bread packs a kick. What needs work: Communication between servers. Tip: Be on the lookout for non-sandwich additions to the menu in coming months.

Hopscotch is a game that crosses generations. Whether you’re a 5-year-old or 90-year-old, you’ve had experience with the game that is a lot older than you might realize. Variations of the game existed in ancient Greek, Roman and Chinese cultures. The bridge between generations and cultures that hopscotch connotes is a theme co-owner Joe Jungmann wanted

to promote with the opening of restaurant and bar Hopscotch in the former Dugout location at 10909 N. May Ave. in November 2017. “Hopscotch is youthfulness, and when I think of playing it as a kid, I was invincible and everything in life was open. It gives me a feeling of hope, and that life is still out there,” Jungmann said, who owns Hopscotch with Dale Cazes and also owns Paseo Grill and Sauced on Paseo. Jungmann was a partner at Dugout and guarantor of its original lease but had a falling-out. After he went on to become a successful operator in the Paseo, the property’s owner reached out to Jungmann when the Dugout lease expired. He jumped at the opportunity to bring a more youthful vibe to the location while still retaining its status as a watering hole.

The transformation wasn’t finished even after Hopscotch opened its doors following a two-year complete remodel of the old, smoky bar. Hopscotch opened with an emphasis on counter-service hamburgers and grilled cheese, but the building has since been reconfigured into a seat-yourself full-service restaurant and bar. “Countertop service didn’t quite work for us as well as we wanted,” Jungmann said. “We have a focus on late-night bar business to work with people who want to come out and play and a lot of service industry side.” The bar is now open until 2 a.m., and food service continues until midnight. The back of the restaurant that was previously occupied by countertop ordering has now been replaced by a series of arcade games like Skee-Ball, Golden Tee, darts and a combination arcade cabinet featuring the likes of Pac-Man, Galaga and others. A shuffleboard will make an appearance within the coming weeks, and a patio enclosure was recently finished to allow patrons to enjoy food and drinks while being shielded from busy May Avenue traffic. Jungmann said a few more décor enhancements are in the works, but it’s not the only thing that will get a facelift. The menu staples of burgers and grilled cheese will get additions that will include things like braised lamb shank, Asian-inspired lettuce wraps and a Guatemalan rice dish. Hamburger patties will be hormone-free, and the new menu items will include more organic and locally grown items. “Some of the food we have coming out is also geared towards keeping you in shape,” Jungmann said, seeming to acknowledge that the menu in its current construction doesn’t leave much room

for those looking to cut carbs. “Hamburgers and grilled cheese — everything has bread on it. If you get that much bread over and over again … some people can eat it seven days a week, but it doesn’t work as well anymore. You need different type of stuff.” Until the new menu is finished in the coming two months, the breads, which arrive from suppliers Ben E. Keith Foods and Martin Bros. Distributing, are the stars of the menu. There is the brioche bun for eight hamburgers that include requisite Caesar and Theta versions, but the most inventive is The Doctor with grilled apples, cream cheese and Worcestershire drizzle.

Solid foundation

Upon my first visit to Hopscotch, I knew burgers were the main attraction. Jungmann said they make up about 70 percent of sales compared to about 30 percent for grilled cheeses that include a Reuben, a turkey-and-ham melt and an American and Muenster cheese sandwich with honey mustard and spicy mayo. My eyes kept coming back to the Mac Street Boys sandwich — jalapeño bread with spicy barbecue sauce, jalapeño mac and cheese, sweet pickle, pulled pork and Muenster — and my stomach wasn’t disappointed. Perhaps I’ve become jaded, but I was surprised the bread packed a nice kick, especially when combined with the spicy barbecue sauce. While the macaroni and cheese didn’t have much heat, I liked the use of cavatappi pasta, and it provided enough cheesiness that I didn’t notice the melted slice of cheese on the sandwich. The closest analog in the city to Hopscotch’s Mac Street Boys is the Macaroni Pony at The Mule. As much as I like The Mule, I actually liked Hopscotch’s version more. The pork was well done — firm but juicy. The Mac Street Boys is at least a fournapkin sandwich with two kinds of sauces spilling onto your hands and face. The accompanying fries were enjoyable. They are fresh-cut and exist perfectly in the middle ground between too crispy and too soft. Hopscotch has been through a bit of transition in its first year in operation, but the core of its menu is a solid foundation. With a solid operator like Jungmann, that shouldn’t be a surprise. I was expecting a wider list of beers and liquor to be available, but I don’t drink much, so I’m not the target demographic there. I like that there is a place with plenty of televisions to watch a game and have solid food. Jungmann is honest with plans that he wants the Hopscotch brand to move to more locations. I’m interested to see how it continues to evolve, and I will be back to check out the new menu when it is released later this year.

A new patio wall gives guests a shield from busy May Avenue traffic. | Photo Jacob Threadgill 10

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f eat u re

Authentic & Repro Mods, RDAs & Tanks Premium & House eLiquids Wick - Wire Accessories 6608 N May • OKC • 418.4996

Fresh passion Serving fresh half-pound burgers in an unlikely location connected to a gas station, Lip Smackers Restaurant is picking up word-of-mouth buzz. By Jacob Threadgill

The sign hanging outside Lip Smackers Restaurant includes the phrase “cooking with passion and love,” and it’s something that owner Jabbar Chaibainou takes to heart. After years in the hotel restaurant industry and owning a Camille’s Sidewalk Cafe franchise, Chaibainou branched out on his own in May at his humble eatery connected to VP Fuels at 4200 N. Pennsylvania Ave. with a focus on fresh half-pound hamburgers, Mediterranean sandwiches, salads and smoothies. Chaibainou got his start in the kitchen while running food and beverage operation as a general manager for an Oklahoma City hotel. One night, a chef quit in a hurry, and it forced him on the line. Working in the hotel industry taught him the importance of food quality, which shines through in Lip Smackers’ fresh Angus beef patties. “The hotel business doesn’t need the restaurant to make a profit,” he said. “You have a blank check to spend as much as you need to make sure you have the best kitchen and food. They care about customer satisfaction.” Whether it is a neighborhood regular walking into Lip Smackers or a crosscountry traveler from nearby Interstate 44 stopping for food and a fill-up, Chaibainou wants them to get friendly service and fresh food at a good price. “I don’t care if you’re going to come back; I’m going to make sure that you‘re happy and satisfied,” he said. “If you look at the money first, you aren’t going to make it. Profit will come with good food and good customer service.” A huge regular half-pound burger sells for $4.95, but there are much more adventurous toppings. There is an avocado

The French Brie Cheeseburger topped with crispy apples and a special sauce and a side of fried okra. | Photo Jacob Threadgill

and Swiss ($6.45), a grilled olive burger ($6.25), a Brunch Cheeseburger topped with a fried egg and hash browns ($7.25) and an onion dip burger topped with French onion dip and potato chips ($6.45). The most popular burger is the mushroom and Swiss burger ($6.45) with grilled mushrooms cooked on the flattop with garlic and butter and finished with teriyaki sauce for flavor and color. The most adventurous menu addition is the French Brie Cheeseburger featuring crispy fried apples and a special sauce topped with melted Brie ($6.45). “The Brie cheese is extremely salty, and to balance the burger, I knew I needed something not that sweet,” Chaibainou said. “The apple isn’t overly sweet when you bite into it, but it’s all about the balance of what a burger should be. That burger doesn’t exist at another restaurant in the world; only here. You can Google it and it won’t come up.” Lip Smackers also serves fresh fruit smoothies ($4.95) like peach, blueberry and raspberry that get a kick from fresh mint and special fruit syrup that Chaibainou keeps secret. “It’s so fresh, it makes you want to go to the ocean,” he said. Fresh salads ($7.25) like the Bangkok Thai with romaine, carrots, grilled chicken, crispy noodles, sunflower seeds, tomato and Asian sesame dressing are joined by three other salad options. Fresh fried potato chips, french fries, sweet potato fries and fried okra are additional side items. continued on page 12

529 Buchanan Ave. Campus Corner Norman


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M ention this a d to get

11900 N. Council Rd. Oklahoma City, OK 73162 (405) 603-7673

Jabbar Chaibainou serves inventive, fresh half-pound hamburgers for under $7. | Photo Jacob Threadgill

continued from page 11

f eat u re






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French sandwiches are served on croissants, and Mediterranean sandwiches are made with French rolls with marinated shrimp, a recipe that Chaibainou got from his brother, a chef in Las Vegas. It also features Moroccanstyle chicken marinated in paprika, garlic and cilantro. Chaibainou moved to OKC from Morocco in 1983 to attend Oklahoma City University. He quickly fell in love and married his wife Kim, and the couple has four children. After 35 years in Oklahoma, he considers it home, which is reflected in the burgers on the menu, but that wasn’t always the case. “I would go to the cafeteria and they’d have all the chicken-fried steak, mashed potatoes and gravy, and I’d be like, ‘Is this really food for humanity?’ I didn’t know food like that, and I refused to eat it,” he said. “I’d walk out of school and go to McDonald’s. I’d order a quarter-pounder with cheese, french fries, Coke and a shake. In three months, I gained 25 pounds. I came here at 145 pounds, and then I went home and they’d say, ‘America is good! Look at you; you have cheeks now.’” He wants to add soups to the menu

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once the restaurant gets established, like ones he made with his own recipes at Camille’s Sidewalk Cafe. The first few weeks in the nondescript location were slow, but word-of-mouth buzz has picked up business. “I thought I was going to close down, but now I’m on the runway, increasing my speed and ready to take off,” he said. Chaibainou thinks back to the importance of passion in cooking and says it’s a lesson he learned while working in the kitchen of a retirement community. A 95-year-old resident didn’t like the regular menu options, so she would make a special request for grilled chicken. “One time, I was off for three days. I came back, and she was so angry,” he said. “‘Where have you been? I starved.’ She said to the chef, who knew the kitchen better than me, his version was inedible. ‘What’s the difference?’ she said. Because when I make them, I do it with a smile, and when they make them, it’s while cussing out. The food can feel that vibration. Even if you have the perfect recipe and the perfect tools, but if you don’t have that passion, it’s not going to come out good.” Visit




Justin Robbins






I-40 EXIT 178 | SHAWNEE, OK | 405-964-7263


j u ly 4 , 2 0 1 8 | O kg a z e t t e . c o m

The Bangkok Thai salad with garlic bread | Photo Jacob Threadgill

m ari j uana

Cooking cannabis Medical marijuana edibles provide benefits not seen in smoking, but it’s easy to eat too much. By Jacob Threadgill

Edible marijuana is a powerful medicinal tool that unlocks compounds not derived through smoking or offered through CBD (cannabidiol), but it also packs a much more powerful psychoactive effect that requires regulation, especially in recreational uses, according to Oklahomans for Health co-founder Chip Paul. Smoking marijuana gets THC (delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol) into the system faster because it enters the blood stream within 5-10 minutes through the respiratory system. Ingested marijuana become metabolized by the liver, which transforms the delta-9 THC into 11-hydroxy-THC and results in a more powerful and long-lasting effect, which is vital in the treatment of chronic pain relief or for such conditions as multiple sclerosis and fibromyalgia. “It’s way more effective,” Paul said of ingesting marijuana. “If you’re going to smoke a gram joint, and say it has 20 percent THC, that means the joint has 200 milligrams of THC. If you ingested that much THC, it would wipe out a mule.” The delayed reaction of ingesting marijuana causes some users to underestimate the oncoming effects and eat too much. Colorado has placed a 10-milligram per serving limit on THC in edibles for recreational use. It also requires that edible packages have clear warning labels and child-resistant packaging. “In a recreation sense, edibles are extremely strong,” Paul said. “Edibles

and oils are the things that should cause people the most safety concerns in terms of making someone extremely stoned.” CBD edibles have been widely available in Oklahoma since 2017, and while they offer benefits, it’s only part of the total package offered through medical marijuana. “It’s a push-pull system,” Paul said. “Your internal analog of THC, anandamide, causes stimulation and the upregulation of things. On the other hand, 2AG is your internal version of CBD and causes de-inflammation and relaxation; it’s the down regulation of things. If you’re looking at treating something like inflammation, believe it or not, you need to go up to go down. It helps, if you’re dealing with inflammation, to give it a little THC hit and counter that with CBDs. You’ve got to have both sides of the system for it to work.” While delta-9 THC is the most commonly known and studied chemical compound in marijuana, it is one of many cannabinoids. The delta-8 compound has been found by the National Cancer Institute to facilitate in the treatment of nausea, anxiety, appetite stimulation, pain relief and nerve cell support. Paul said that the delta-8 is one of the compounds that only fully expresses when ingested and not smoked. The marijuana plant’s flowery bud is the part of the plant most associated with consumption during smoking, but its leaves are high in vitamins K and C

while also offering iron, calcium, folate and antioxidants. THC is stored in plants as an acid (THC-A) and needs to be introduced to heat in order to become fully active, but it offers medical benefits even in raw form.

In a recreation sense, edibles are extremely strong. Chip Paul

“In fact, one of the old hippie rumors was that people began juicing hemp in the late ’20s and early ’30s,” Paul said. “It was so beneficial that it was killing the drug companies and … one of the reasons they looked at [cannabis] prohibition was they saw how beneficial hemp was.”

Cooking with cannabis

Marijuana consumed in edibles results in a more powerful and long-lasting effect. | Photo

In popular culture, the most famous marijuana edible is the brownie. Meridy Volz pioneered the pot brownie business in San Francisco in the 1970s and ’80s, a story that was highlighted in 2016 by WUNC’s Criminal podcast. Volz’ famous brownie business got the name Sticky Fingers by accident, but it highlights the importance of heat when cooking with cannabis. On her first batch, she forgot the flour. “We were left with a pan of just, like, liquid brownie. … We were taking just the batter onto our fingers and just licking it up — and pretty soon — we were way too high,” Volz told WUNC. “We realized that the key to making a good brownie was undercooking the brownies. You don’t overcook the pot

Chip Paul warned that edibles can be deceivingly potent. | Photo

that’s in the ghee [clarified butter], which is in the brownie.” THC has a boiling temperature of 392 degrees Fahrenheit, meaning the active compounds begin to evaporate once it closes in on 400 degrees. Before baking in a 350-degree oven, marijuana must be combined with a fat (in this case butter) for a delivery system. Volz used marijuana leaves that were dried in the oven at a low temperature before being grinded “into a dust” in a food processor. Marijuana leaves are not desirable to be smoked, so they were available from dealers for cheap, if not given away for free, she said. The dust is combined on the stovetop with melted butter to simmer for at least 30 minutes. If the mixture reaches boiling, it will cook off the THC. “It’s a real different high. Eating pot, you digest it in your stomach and it’s just stronger,” Volz said. “It’s also easy to eat too much. It’s a little bit difficult to gauge how much is in a dose. So there were many, many stories over the years that began with, ‘I ate the whole thing and then dot, dot, dot happened.’ Because we would recommend a quarter at a time.” While Colorado places a 10-milligram limit on recreational marijuana edibles, Paul said that Oklahoma’s as-yet-to-befinalized regulations will likely place a higher limit for medical purposes. “Edibles need to be part of the whole [treatment] system,” Paul said. “It’s a different delivery tool with its own benefits. It’s very important, but there needs to be a little control on edibles.”

O kg a z e t t e . c o m | j u ly 4 , 2 0 1 8


g a z e di b l e s

eat & DRINK

Celebrating ’Murica

In honor of Independence Day, let’s take a look at seven dishes that trace their origins to the United States: chicken-fried steak, s’mores, chocolate chip cookies, meatloaf, gumbo, Buffalo wings and apple pie. These seven eateries will satisfy your craving to indulge in America.

by Jacob Threadgill | Photos Gazette / File and provided

Jimmy’s Round-Up Cafe & Fried Pies

1301 SW 59th St. | 405-685-1177

Perhaps no American dish is beyond reproach in Oklahoma quite like the chicken-fried steak. There is certainly no lack of places to get the dish throughout the state, but not many offer a chicken-fried steak as fresh and as large as owner Jimmy Collins’ restaurant. While you’re there, get some of his famous massive yeast rolls with cinnamon butter that bring people from three states over.

Benvenuti’s Ristorante

Green Goodies

The Girl Scouts of America published the first s’more recipe in 1927, and it has become a campfire tradition and, arguably, the best Pop-Tart flavor. In addition to providing some of the area’s best Italian food, Norman’s Benvenuti’s Ristorante offers the s’mores pot de crème, which features a creamy chocolate custard, brûlée marshmallow cream and a house-made graham cracker.

Chef Ruth Graves Wakefield invented the chocolate chip cookie at the Toll House Inn in Whitman, Massachusetts, around 1938, and the world has been better for it. Insider named Green Goodies’ classic version the best chocolate cookie in the state. It also offers gluten-free, vegan and cookie cake versions of its famous chocolate cookie.

105 W. Main St., Norman | 405-310-5271

5840 N. Classen Blvd. | 405-842-2288

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Redrock Canyon Grill

Da Gumboman food truck

Wing Supreme

ND Foods

In the 1870s, meatloaf began — believe it or not — as a breakfast item, but it didn’t really begin to take hold in American diets until the Great Depression when the need to stretch protein by adding breadcrumbs became paramount. Thank goodness meatloaf has developed over the years to include a variety of meats and flavors, like Redrock’s Persimmon Hill meatloaf with fire-roasted tomato brown sauce, mashed red potatoes and sweet glazed carrots.

The earliest documented gumbo recipe was published after the turn of the 19th century and highlights the melting pot of Louisiana. New Orleans native Joseph Darbon serves three varieties: chicken and andouille sausage; chicken, shrimp and sausage; and gumbo No. 3 (pictured) with all of the proteins, including blue crabs. The truck also offers po’boys, Cajun pasta and fried catfish that can be smothered in crawfish étouffée.

The classic hot sauce and butter sauce now coating the Buffalo wing was introduced in Buffalo, New York’s Anchor Bar in the early 1960s. The founding of Buffalo Wild Wings and Hooters in the early 1980s made it a bar classic, and Domino’s added it to the menu in 1994. The craze elevated chicken wings to one of the most expensive parts of the bird. In addition to the classic hot variety, Wing Supreme offers 18 flavors, including its sweet and spicy honey love.

The idea of “American as apple pie” is somewhat apocryphal because British, Dutch and Swedish settlers brought it to the country, but it became a symbol of American prosperity and national pride in the 19th and 20th centuries. ND Foods is a comforting deli that even offers an opportunity to shop for antiques while you’re there. Don’t miss the apple pie with a stellar crust, which is improved with a scoop of ice cream.

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Nic’s Place

“Filled With Wonderful Song After Song!” – MD Theatre Guide

Fun for the Entire Family!

JULY 10-15, 2018 LYRIC AT THE CIVIC Starring Dee Hoty as Mrs. Dolly Gallagher Levi

Featuring an all-new lavish production with a FULL ORCHESTRA!

Lyric Theatre of Oklahoma celebrates the iconic, Tony Award-winning Broadway musical Hello, Dolly! with a lavish, new production! The tale of widowed matchmaker Dolly Levi comes to brilliant life as she hunts for a bride for the “half-a-millionaire,” Horace Vandergelder. With a sold-out revival currently on Broadway, this is a rare opportunity to enjoy Lyric’s grand staging of Jerry Herman’s memorable score with a FULL ORCHESTRA and high-kicking choreography – in all its glory – right here in Oklahoma! Book by Michael Stewart • Music and Lyrics by Jerry Herman • Directed by Ashley Wells



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In the Paseo Art Space at 3022 Paseo: Print on Paseo spotlighting the depth and diversity of the work of Oklahoma printmakers. July 6-28 Local and national art, great food, art classes and plenty of shopping!


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ARTS & CULTURE At 37, Jonathan Fowler is president of Fowler Holding Company, overseeing his family’s car dealerships. | Photo Megan Cherie

“Every volunteer opportunity that I’ve had in my entire adult life literally spawned from that,” Fowler said.

cov er

Catching the bug

Art and commerce Jonathan Fowler leveraged his love of culture and his family’s car business to make his work life fun and Oklahoma’s arts scene work. By George Lang

In the august offices of Norman’s Fowler Holding Company, 37-year-old Jonathan Fowler sits behind a heavy wooden desk surrounded by classic, stately décor. There are no posters for Norman Music Festival (NMF), the massive annual event he helped launch over 11 years ago, or any obvious indicators of his love for the music of local rapper L.T.Z., alt-country revolutionaries Drive-By Truckers or jazz innovator Kamasi Washington. “If this looks like the office of an 80-year-old man, that’s because it is,” Fowler said. His grandfather, Bill Fowler, occupied the office until he died in September 2016 at age 85. Fowler maintains it as a tribute to the man who opened Bill Fowler’s Toyota in 1973, back when Japanese cars were still a novelty to many Americans. By example, he taught his grandson to try new things and to engage. As president of Fowler Holding Company, which oversees Fowler dealerships in Norman and Tulsa as well as Colorado and Texas, Jonathan Fowler effectively made his first dealership, Fowler Volkswagen, a major sponsor of arts programs throughout the Oklahoma City metro area and then brought the rest of Fowler’s dealerships along for the ride. Fowler Automotive’s continued sponsorship of NMF, Live! on the Plaza and other local events helped foster the music scene and the arts as a whole but also played matchmaker in the relationship that arts can have with business. “It turned out that music can actually drive arts and culture in a community,” Fowler said. “Well, arts and culture can drive economy and downtown growth in very positive ways. That can lead to tourism opportunities and external dollars. And that can lead to all kinds of different things.”

Accidental dealer

Fowler didn’t excel in school, and after

one year at the University of Oklahoma (OU), he bailed and exiled himself to Keystone, Colorado, where he hoped to live the life of a ski bum who played guitar in bluegrass bands. His family back in Norman did not understand. “They hated it in the sense that it wasn’t what they wanted for me,” he said. “They didn’t try to stop me from doing it, but it was like, ‘Well, you can do this, but if you do it, you’re on your own.’” There were far better guitar-picking ski bums at Keystone, and so after one ski season and some time in Boulder, he returned to OU, where he reconnected with his future wife, Natalie. He graduated with a degree in letters but did not feel proud of his college career. “I came out of college feeling that I hadn’t taken advantage of my education the way I should have,” he said. “I really hadn’t shown the appreciation to my parents and my family for the opportunity they’d given me. I didn’t like that.” In 2006, Fowler went to work for his family business as a financial analyst and was accepted into Norman Chamber of Commerce’s next Leadership Norman class. That was when he showed up on Marta Burcham’s radar. Burcham, who had recently become executive director of Norman Arts Council, approached Fowler to join the board of Norman Music Festival, which was in the planning phase for its daylong 2008 debut featuring one of Fowler’s favorites at the time, The Polyphonic Spree. While the festival doubled its projected attendance that first year, attracting more than 15,000 music fans to downtown Norman, some Main Street merchants were still not sold on the idea. According to Fowler, Burcham, whose husband was being transferred to South Carolina, served him up as the next president of Norman Arts Council and chair of NMF2 to ensure that the festival continued.

At first, Fowler did not love working in the family business, but being around his family in their natural environment worked wonders. He said his father, Mike Fowler, offered him a multiyear training plan to learn all aspects of the business, culminating in attending the National Automobile Dealers Association’s Automotive Academy, where potential general managers learn the ins and outs of running a car dealership. During his training, he built up Fowler Automotive’s sponsorship of the festival and the company’s cache of cool grew exponentially. Once he finished the academy, Fowler faced the real possibility of having to leave town to take on his first dealership, but then his father brought him a new opportunity. “He came to me and said, ‘Volkswagen’s thinking of opening a “point” in Oklahoma City,’ which is a new Volkswagen store that doesn’t exist,” Fowler said. There was an application process and it was worth a shot, but Fowler’s family thought he was probably too young and had too little experience to be awarded the dealership. He got the “point.” With almost no budget, Fowler had to come up with ingenious but cheap ideas to build awareness for Fowler Volkswagen’s May 7, 2010 opening. His PR executive Mary Ann Osko and her husband Zach built a wooden ramp at NMF3 and passed out Hot Wheels Beetles for kids to launch. For every Beetle that careened off the ramp, the kids would get a bag of candy for themselves and a coupon for a free oil change for their parents. “My dad was like, ‘I got a bill for 1,000 Hot Wheels?’” Fowler said, laughing. Osko’s next idea was a takeoff on Britain’s Black Cab Sessions, in which bands perform in the back of a London Metrocab. Shot by Nathan Poppe in a 1978 VW Camper piloted by The Spy FM’s Ferris O’Brien, the series has featured nearly 200 performers riding around the

metro and playing mostly acoustic versions of their songs. It has been an enduring success that has provided visual calling cards for up-and-coming musicians, and for Fowler, it serves a dual purpose. “The other thing about the car business is that, when we opened the store, I knew I’d be working 80- to 100-hour weeks because that’s the nature of the business,” he said. “I knew I wouldn’t have a lot of time with my friends, and I knew I had to do weird marketing things, so any excuse I could come up for marketing that was tied to a live music opportunity, musicians, arts and culture, I chased it hard because it got me out of the dealership for work, and I’d tell employees, ‘I have to go to this thing and represent the company because we’re sponsoring it.’” As a result of working with NMF and his other ventures, Fowler developed a knowledge base on how city government works and a desire to engage in civic organizations. He worked extensively with Norman’s zoning initiative Center City Vision; is currently on the steering committee for Plan Norman, a long-term vision for the city’s development; and serves on Oklahoma City Chamber of Commerce’s transportation committee. That outreach coupled with the huge success of Fowler Volkswagen resulted in his promotion to president of Fowler Holding Company on Jan. 1 after serving as vice president of operations since 2013. Now, all Fowler dealerships promote themselves the way Fowler Volkswagen does through arts initiatives and community action, a product of Fowler finding a way to hear his favorite bands while working in the family business. “It all was the most selfish thing of me trying to hold on to music that I didn’t want to give up and trying not to admit that I’m a car dealer,” he said, laughing.

Jonathan Fowler poses with a restored 1973 Toyota pickup at the Norman Christmas Parade. The pickup was restored with the same body paint used on one that was driven in the parade in the 1970s. | Photo Fowler Holding Company / provided

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What we put on our skin can be as important as what we put in our bodies. On a quest for potions that are natural, non-toxic, cruelty-free and nourishing, three Oklahoma women have devoted their business lives to bringing guiltfree, effective, ethical skincare to a market swamped with mass-produced, chemical-laden options. Heather Scott, owner of The Spunky Cauldron, Inc.; Stefanie Grant Cassel, the sole owner and employee at Twinkle Apothecary; and Meg Rinehart, owner of Local Lather Laboratory & Soap Shop, are three female entrepreneurs sharing their love of skincare with anyone who’s interested in health from the outside in. The women have similar themes for their products. They were sick of toxins, had some special needs for their own skincare and decided to transform their passions into tangible goods that would benefit their users.

Sassy skincare

Scott’s inspiration to start The Spunky Cauldron was the toxic junk we constantly rub all over our bodies and the effects of those products. She had a few obstacles to starting her line of handcrafted products, but once she got rolling, she decided natural and healthy doesn’t have to equal boring. Her favorite item she makes is a deodorant called When Anti-Social Isn’t an Option. She’s well-known for her lip balms. People often buy dozens at a time. She makes lip balm bouquets, and like all her other products, her items are made by hand. “From the formulation, gathering of materials, melting of the product, filling the tubes and labeling,” she said. “My lip balm ingredients are shea butter,

cocoa butter, coconut oil, candelilla wax and essential oils.” When it comes to scents, Go Smudge Yourself is Scott’s favorite phrase. Her main line of products — back and foot soak, body scrub, hand soap, body wash, body lotion and lotion bars — come in the sassy scent, which is a blend of clary sage, lavender, sweet orange and ginger. “I always say that this scent combination is for when more than just your body needs cleansing,” Scott said. The Spunky Cauldron is a web-based business, but you can find the line at Out on a Limb in 16th Street Plaza District. Visit

Lifestyle choice

Cassel’s decision to live a completely vegan and cruelty-free life led her to start Twinkle Apothecary. She had trouble finding products that checked all the boxes — effective, good-smelling, eco-friendly, affordable and nice to look at — so she started making them. “My passion is perfumery,” she said. “It’s purely creative and sensory, and using ingredients that come directly from the earth is a great way to bring the grounding elements of nature into your everyday life.” Twinkle Apothecary all started with its signature deodorant. “It’s a luxurious, soothing, creamy formula made with shea butter and coconut oil that has a dry, powdery, fresh finish, unlike a lot of natural deodorants, which can feel sticky,” Cassel said. “I handblend the fragrances drop by drop and add them to my deodorant mixture just before I pour them into their biodegradable and recyclable paperboard push-up tubes.” Twinkle Apothecary is located in a house at 3 NW Ninth St. in Automobile

Meg Rinehart specializes in natural, handcrafted soaps and other bath and beauty products such as sea salt butter scrubs, solid lotion bars, room and linen sprays, deconstructed bath bombs and Local Lather Laboratory & Soap Shop’s signature specialty: The Works. “It started with two things really,” she said. “I love to cook, and because I have sensitive skin, I have a deep appreciation for delicious nourishing oils and natural butters. These, along with essential oils, herbs and additives, have lots of healthy skin benefits. … Most of us think soap is just soap, but it’s actually a careful science.” Rinehart, Scott and Cassel each have her own recipes and rituals for creating potions. For example, Rinehart has a method to her creations that involves a saponification process that naturally causes the soap batter to generate its own heat. “The most exciting moment in the process, for me, is un-molding each block of new soap and making that first cut, revealing the lovely colors and patterns,” she said. “Anyone who experiments with soap art can tell you how unpredictable it is.” To add even more art to her soap, music plays a huge role in her process and she tags the soap with information about the music they were listening to when it was made. “I believe that life has a soundtrack no matter what it is that you are doing or experiencing,” Rinehart said. “Music is very mood-influencing and an important part of the creativity in my process.” Local Lather rolls around town in its Tiny House Soap Shop, but the company is working on completing a new mobile Tiny Truck Soap Shop made from a Taylor-Dunn utility cart. Look for the Tiny Truck to debut as a kiosk at Penn Square Mall this winter. But the big news is a permanent move to Western Avenue. Rinehart said she had been itching to take business to the next level and the move to Western seemed perfect. “[It’s] a way to really connect in person with more of my customers; provide eco, package-free shopping; and have all faculties of my business under one roof,” Rinehart said. “People will be able to see exactly where and how their favorite products are made. Plus, we are finally adding classes and workshops to our offerings. This has been our goal for a long time, and everyone on my team is excited.” Local Lather’s Penn Square Mall shop will close July 31. The goal is to re-open at 4209 N. Western Ave. on Sept. 1. Visit




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Call on Dolly! Lyric Theatre of Oklahoma takes a fresh look at the Broadway classic Hello, Dolly! By Jeremy Martin

Carol Channing and Dolly Levi made each other famous. Channing won a Tony for playing the original version of Levi, the titular vivacious widow in Hello, Dolly! on Broadway in 1964. Then for the next 30 years, according to Playbill, Channing played the role for more than 4,000 performances, never missing a single one. “She is old-school theater in the fact that ‘The show must go on,’ truly,” recalled Ashley Wells, who acted alongside Channing in her final tour of appearances as Dolly and is associate artistic director at Lyric Theatre of Oklahoma. “It was amazing to just see this workhorse be such a perfectionist and give the exact same performance every night no matter what.” Hello, Dolly!, currently revived on Broadway, will also be produced by Oklahoma City’s Lyric Theatre beginning Tuesday. Wells — who played the role of Ermengarde in the 1994 cast that Channing told Playbill was “the best Dolly! company I’ve ever worked with” — will direct Lyric’s version. Working with Channing taught Wells some important lessons on getting a laugh. “She is a comedic genius, a comedic timing genius,” Wells said of Channing. “I have really taken the way she’s able to set up a joke and land it, and I’ve tried to work with our actors and performers in teaching that art because it’s not really taught anymore, when you think about it. … I saw the current production on Broadway with Bette

left to right Dee Hoty and George Dvorsky star in Lyric Theatre of Oklahoma’s production of Hello, Dolly! | Photo K.O. Rinearson / provided

Midler, and of course, Bette’s amazing. I absolutely love her. But there were several times that she would just go straight through a line or straight through a joke, and I thought, ‘Oh, well, OK, that didn’t land as well as when Carol did it.’ It’s kind of interesting to see another brilliant comedic actress have a different take on the exact same material.” Dee Hoty, who plays Dolly in Lyric’s version, offers yet another take on the widow, who goes to great lengths to remarry for money and complicates and improves the lives of those around her in the process. “She has brought so much heart and joy to this role,” Wells said. “We are having so much fun finding the Dolly that’s in her and figuring out her comedic timing. … Every actress brings something different. I am able to say sometimes, ‘Hey, maybe you can slow this line down a little bit,’ but Dee is bringing such a warmth. Carol is a very much vaudevillian, rah-rah-rah, winkwink-wink actress, and Dee is bringing a lot of heart and joy and sincerity to the role.”



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Hoty’s Dolly might be different in some ways, but Wells said she is working with choreographer Matthew Sipress, who was also part of the 1994 company, to recre-

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continued on page 20 Dee Hoty stars as Mrs. Dolly Levi in Lyric Theatre of Oklahoma’s production of Hello, Dolly! |Photo Photo K.O. Rinearson / provided

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ARTS & CULTURE theater

continued from page 19

Isabelle de Borchgrave, Marie de’ Medici, 2006, based on a 1595 portrait by Pietro Facchetti in the collection of the Palazzo Lancellotti, Rome. Photo: Andreas von Einsiedel.


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George Dvorsky stars as Horace Vandergelder in Lyric Theatre of Oklahoma’s production of Hello, Dolly! | Photo K.O. Rinearson of Oklahoma / provided

ate the olds c h o o l Broadway grandeur of the original production. “I wanted to recreate that so that the younger generation now that’s never seen Hello, Dolly! can see how a classical mu sic a l was written and how it’s performed today,” Wells said. “It is so much fun to work on because a lot of the musicals that are being produced aren’t produced the way that these were. You can change Dolly! and you can make it more modern, but I’ll be honest, when [Lyric artistic director] Michael Baron asked me to do this, I said, ‘Michael, I don’t want to change it. It’s just such a perfectly written musical. So if you don’t want the classic, then don’t have me direct it.’” Even if they don’t quite make musicals like they used to, Wells said Dolly! is still relevant to today’s audiences. “When you get down to the root of this story, it’s about a woman who is trying to find her life again,” Wells said, “which we all go through still nowadays, whether it’s in a divorce or a death or just trying to find your first love. … Dolly’s been a widow for awhile and she’s finally decided, as she says, to ‘Join the human race’ and to get back out there and try to live life instead of just sitting at home and watching TV and playing Xbox, if you want to bring it into the real world.” Theater purists should note that no video game consoles or otherwise modern references have been slipped into the script, which Wells said stands on its own. “Hello, Dolly! is probably one of the best-written musicals, especially for a woman’s role, and how the show is crafted, both the book and the music,” Wells said. The woman’s role is explored and discussed throughout the musical, which includes “It Takes a Woman,” a song sung by Dolly’s unsuspecting love interest Horace Vandergelder (George Dvorsky) praising women who “work into infinity” unclogging drains, shoeing horses and cleaning the stable. Wells said that Dolly is a more feminist

character than might be obvious on first examination. “Dolly goes into it knowing exactly what she’s doing from the very beginning, meaning she knows what type of man Horace is,” Wells said. “She knows that she wants to marry him, and she even tells us she doesn’t want to marry him for love. She wants to marry him for money because what she wants to do is spread his money throughout the world, helping young people.”

Woman’s perspective

Though the musical remains unchanged in substance, Wells said the performances of the characters and the audience’s perception of them might have evolved with modern attitudes. The fact that Wells is directing Dolly! from a woman’s perspective might also shape the way Hoty plays the title role. “She and I can be one-on-one in a room and just really talk,” Wells said. “I don’t think she feels like she has to put on any airs to prove herself, and we can just really look at the text and dive into it. And I can look at it from a female perspective instead of a male perspective and I can say, ‘I think this is what she’s feeling. This is what Dolly’s feeling at this point. This is what she’s talking about. This is where she’s coming from.’ A male director would probably say completely different things from what I’m saying. … We certainly have different conversations. There are many times when I’m like, ‘OK, you can just totally let the audience know that this guy is being ridiculous and you are in charge of this whole situation. In the original, you probably didn’t see it that way as much; you just thought, ‘Oh, wow! Look; here’s this woman. She’s going to sing these songs and she’s going to end up marrying him.’ Whereas now we do see it as women empowerment, we see it as she’s taking control and in charge of her life. Back then when it first came out, we might have seen it as, ‘Oh, this is the only thing she could do.’” Classical musical theater continues to remain relevant in any case, if for no other reason than it’s enjoyable. “So I do think modern audiences can find something in it for them,” Wells said, “and at the same time, isn’t it just fun to go to the theater and see just a good old show of happiness, light and love?” Hello, Dolly! runs Tuesday-July 15 at Civic Center Music Hall, 201 N. Walker Ave. Tickets are $47-$93.Visit

Hello, Dolly! Tuesday-July 15 Civic Center Music Hall 201 N. Walker Ave. | $47-$93


History’s heroines The Revolutionists lose their heads over activism at Oklahoma Shakespeare in the Park. By Heather Warlick

Three long-since headless women from history, one rabble rouser and one bohemian visage of an ideal woman shouting over the frenzied voices of the masses during the French Revolution — these are the characters brought to life in The Revolutionists, a play that explores four female activists in France’s patriarchal society in rich, comedic color with a full presence of the shadowy underworld of the time. “Lauren Gunderson, who is the play’s author, wrote about a period in history in 1793 during the French Revolution, which was when their reign of terror was really heating up and going south and [Maximilien] Robespierre was sort of running rampant,” said Tyler Woods, managing director of Oklahoma Shakespeare in the Park (OSP). The Revolutionists takes the stage at OSP, 2920 Paseo St., Thursday through July 21. OSP’s website describes the play as a “grand and dream-tweaked comedy … about violence and legacy, feminism and terrorism, art and how we actually go about changing the world.” With actresses Amanda Lee as Queen Marie Antoinette, Erin Woods as playwright Olympe de Gouges, Alexis Ward as Haitian rebel Marianne Angelle and Madison Hill as murderous Charlotte Corday, the play addresses a brutal fight for freedom among these strong women that ends with the only woman who doesn’t literally lose her head: Angelle. The play occurs in the mind of de Gouge during the moments before and while she’s walking the scaffold to the guillotine.

“It’s a very meta-theatrical play,” Tyler Woods said. “In other words, it sort of all happens in [de Gouge’s] mind in the blink of an eye. It’s the idea of your life flashing before your eyes.”

Revolutionary feminism

In many ways, The Revolutionists echoes today’s resurrection of feminism through the #MeToo movement. “There’s a lot of parallel,” Tyler Woods said. “There’s a line in our play where one of the characters, Charlotte, after killing Marat, says, ‘I don’t think I finished the job.’ Marianne’s response is, ‘I don’t think we’ll ever be finished.’” Erin Woods’ character de Gouges was a playwright and activist in French history. “Right now is a very interesting time in our history when it comes to equality,” Erin Woods said. “It mirrors the time of revolution in the play. We are on the brink of something … and tensions are high. The #MeToo movement seems to be about being heard. That is what this play is about … but it is first and foremost a comedy, something we never forget in rehearsal.” Lee, who plays Marie Antoinette, said she finds less of a connection between the play and the current feminism movement. Instead, she said, she sees more of a connection “about humanity itself and

Amanda Lee (Marie Antoinette), Erin Woods (Olympe de Gouges), Madison Hill (Charlotte Corday), and Alexis Ward (Marianne Angelle) play activists in Oklahoma Shakespeare in the Park’s production of The Revolutionists. | Photo April Porterfield / Oklahoma Shakespeare in the Park / provided

finding what connects us all as humans and not just men and women.” Feminism as we know it wasn’t a thing in 1793, Lee points out, and playwright Gunderson takes great care to write around that fact while still pushing for change. The Revolutionists’ version of Antoinette contains many aspects of Lee’s own personality, she said, but amped up to an 11. “She is the comic relief of a play that is about something not at all comic,” Lee said. “She’s very childlike in her observations, but she can also be this prescient, wise force as well.” Antoinette, Lee said, is an example of how all are capable of a wide breadth of personality and are not limited to any stereotype. “To paraphrase my favorite moment in the play, ‘When we catch a glimpse of our own hypocrisy and begin to laugh, that’s when change can crack us right down the center,’” Lee said.

Freedom embodied

Alexis Ward, who plays Angelle, a Haitian woman set against French occupiers, said her character holds the other women together while encouraging them to do the right thing because their stories are important to tell. A ngel le never existed in history; she is derived from the symbol of the French Republic and personifica-

tion of liberty and reason. She is a synthesis between piety, sensuality, motherhood and womanhood and is portrayed as a symbol of French freedom. She wears boxing wraps on her hands to represent the fighter in her and a sash that reads “Revolution for all!” “When revolutions and movements have happened in history, people of color, especially black women, have always been the last ones on the list to be recognized,” Ward said. “You can’t call yourself a revolutionist or an activist if you don’t actually put in the work, always stand up for what’s right, no matter the consequences. Women are more powerful than they get credit for. … We can’t be free until everyone is free.” The moral of the story, Tyler Woods said, is that throughout time, groups of people have persecuted one another as the “other.” “Whether it’s the other being a minority race or minority gender or it is a conquered people or it is the Greeks and the Romans — you name it,” he said. “We find the capital Other, and we go against it. … It’s the struggle of the voice to be heard amongst the din of confusion, and it’s a desire to be better amongst so many things that are going wrong. It’s the desire that we can do better as a people, that we always need to be mindful of excluding the other to the detriment of our own lives and our own souls. “We need to be careful that we don’t shut each other down so much that we stop listening, that we don’t hold everyone else at arm’s length and that we don’t shout so loudly that we can’t hear anyone above our own voice.” The Revolutionists runs 8 p.m. Thursday-Saturday, July 12-14 and July 19-21 and 2 p.m. July 15 at 2920 Paseo St. Tickets are $20-$30. Visit

The Revolutionists Thursday-July 21 Oklahoma Shakespeare in the Park 2920 Paseo St. Alexis Ward (Marianne Angelle), Madison Hill (Charlotte Corday), Amanda Lee (Marie Antoinette) and Erin Woods (Olympe de Gouges) play activists in Oklahoma Shakespeare in the Park’s production of The Revolutionists. | Photo April Porterfield / Oklahoma Shakespeare in the Park / provided | 405-235-3700 $20-$30 O kg a z e t t e . c o m | j u ly 4 , 2 0 1 8




‘Doin’ fine’

A new exhibit at Oklahoma History Center celebrates 75 years of Oklahoma! musical fame.

By Jeremy Martin

For John Steinbeck’s Joads, Oklahoma was a Dust Bowl nightmare they’d give up almost everything to escape. Rodgers and Hammerstein’s Oklahoma!, on the other hand, is always “doin’ fine.” To celebrate the 75th anniversary of the groundbreaking and blockbusting musical’s Broadway debut, Oklahoma History Center has a new exhibit titled Rodgers & Hammerstein’s Oklahoma!: The Birth of Modern Musical Theatre and a New Image for the State opening July 12. “Before this musical, The Grapes of Wrath really dictated what people across the country thought about Oklahoma,” said Natalie Fiegel, the center’s lead curator, “that we were this poor, dirty, destitute place, that people were struggling and wanted to leave. And so Rodgers and Hammerstein’s Oklahoma! showing these hardy farmers that people could relate to, it was positive. It kind of brought a better picture for people of what Oklahoma was.” The musical, which tells the story of a cowboy named Curly’s spirited courtship of farmer’s daughter Laurey, opened on Broadway in 1943 and marked the first collaboration between composer Richard Rodgers and lyricist Oscar Hammerstein, and a turning point in modern musical theater. “This was the first time that the music and the plot and the characters, that everything fit into one story and it was all fully integrated,” Fiegel said. “Previously, theater and vaudeville, it was more entertainment-based. You’d have big musical productions and dance numbers, and then you’d have jokes. Everything kind of stood alone. It wasn’t necessarily a complete picture. Oklahoma! was the first time it was a full narrative where everything was related to each other. They actually thought it was going to be a dud because

it was so different.” Despite a producer’s legendary and possibly anecdotal dismissal of the musical as having “No gags, no gals, no chance,” because of its lack of comedians and chorus girls, Oklahoma! quickly became the biggest hit in Broadway history up to that point. “Since then, things like West Side Story and Phantom of the Opera are about the same level, but up until Oklahoma! premiered in 1943, there had never been anything like it,” Fiegel said. “It was kind of the ’40s version of Hamilton. It really changed everything, and it was sold out for years. I mean, it was a big deal.” Oklahoma! ran for more than 2,000 shows in five years. The musical’s success was partly due to its innovation, Lori Oden, the history center’s director of exhibits said, and partially because of its optimism in the midst of World War II. “It was very uplifting and kind of gave people hope,” Oden said.

Stepping onstage

The history center’s 2,000 square-foot multimedia exhibit features audio-visual and interactive components. Fiegel said a replica of one of the musical’s sets near the entrance is designed to make visitors feel like they’re stepping onto the stage. “We essentially re-created the opening scene that people are used to from Oklahoma!,” Fiegel said. “You walk into the exhibit and you see the farmhouse, and ‘Oh, What a Beautiful Morning’ starts playing, and there’s cornfield wallpaper.” Oden said the center wanted to give visitors the impression that they’re in on the act. Dance steps placed on the floor diagram choreography from the original production. “We tried to create an environment

where you walk in and you feel like you’re a part of the musical,” Oden said. “It should be really neat, and I think it’s something that every Oklahoman or anybody who’s familiar with the play who’s seen it across the world will have a kind of familiarity to it and kind of a sentimentality about.” A “backstage area” offers visitors a look at the amount of effort required to stage a production of Oklahoma! The exhibit also features one of Hammerstein’s writing desks alongside era-appropriate historical artifacts from the center’s collection to help put visitors in the mindset of the time when the musical was released. Though Oklahoma!’s depiction of its namesake is “not necessarily historically accurate and truthful,” Oden said, the musical and its response would prove to be historically significant for the Sooner State. “It highlighted our state in a way that was positive for us,” Oden said. “Politicians were quick to embrace it.” Gov. George Nigh signed legislation adopting the musical’s titular closing number as the state song in 1953, and Fiegel said people continue to associate Oklahoma with Hammerstein’s lyrics. “If you travel, you’ll still get people that come up to you and say, ‘Oh, where the wind comes sweeping down the plain,’” Fiegel said.

State image

Oklahomans were also quick to embrace the version of the state the musical presented, even if it wasn’t completely accurate. When the first national tour came to the state in November of 1946, inclement weather prevented planned public celebrations of its arrival, but the musical still set attendance records and remained a popular touring production for nearly a decade straight. “It had much more of an impact on Oklahoma in terms of image,” Fiegel said. “The plotlines and the characters obviously are not necessarily truthful, but then again, Rodgers and Hammerstein had never been to Oklahoma when they wrote it. All they knew about it was what Lynn Riggs, who was an Oklahoman, had written about it in Green Grow the Lilacs, which is what

The Broadway cast of Rodgers & Hammerstein’s Oklahoma! just before the curtain call on stage in 1947 | Photo Oklahoma Historical Society / provided

they based it on.” Claremore native Riggs’ play offered a less cheerful, more ambiguous take on Indian Territory at the cusp of statehood. While Riggs’ characters, based on people he knew, were more specific to the state, Rodgers and Hammerstein’s version proved more popular, partially because of the songs. “The music changed the tone of it and made it more general where audiences across the nation could relate to it as well as Oklahomans,” Fiegel said. The movie adaptation of the musical, released in 1955, increased Oklahoma!’s popularity even further. Myriad Botanical Gardens will host a screening of the film, with closed captioning and sing-along titles, as the final movie in its Sonic Summer Movies series Aug. 1. Recent productions of the play, as chronicled in the new exhibit, have featured more diversity among their casts, and a London-based production starring Hugh Jackman as Curly opened in 1999. To Oden, the reason for the musical’s continued popularity, in its namesake at least, is evident. “Obviously, as Oklahomans,” she said, “we see it and we’re proud that there’s a musical Oklahoma! because other states don’t have musicals about them.” The exhibit can be viewed 10 a.m.-5 p.m. Mondays-Saturdays at Oklahoma History Center, 800 Nazih Zuhdi Drive. Admission is free-$7. Call 405-521-2491 or visit

Rodgers & Hammerstein’s Oklahoma!: The Birth of Modern Musical Theatre and a New Image for the State 10 a.m.-5 p.m. Mondays-Saturdays Oklahoma History Center 800 Nazih Zuhdi Drive | 405-521-2491 Free-$7


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Irish steps Jean Hill of Hill Irish Dance School brings the culture of Ireland to Oklahoma dancers. By Krystal Yoseph

Students of Jean Hill have reaped the benefits of her multifaceted love of Irish culture and arts for decades. This appreciation is apparent in everything from her music selection to the ancillary cultural influences and the tenacity of maintaining one of the state’s only Irish dance outposts for over 20 years. Hill began independently teaching seven students in 1998 and estimates that she has taught over 1,000 students since that first class at what is now Oklahoma Contemporary Arts Center at the state fairgrounds. Currently, she teaches classes in five different studio spaces across the metro and offers private lessons in her home studio. Hill was born in Oklahoma and raised in a “quite musical” family, and her heritage spans the Atlantic and traces back to Irish, Scottish, German, Polish and Canadian bloodlines. Her grandmother played guitar, and her father taught her how to polka at a young age. In high school, she was part of a group that explored Native American culture. At one point, the family moved to Australia to follow her father’s job, and Hill credits the move for early childhood exposure to a mixing bowl of influences that began to shape her life’s work. “I think early on, I had an appreciation for other cultures,” Hill said. “I’m so thankful that I got from my dad the opportunity to live in Australia. I always felt like there was a bigger world out there, from basic things like eating, drinking, the manners you’re expected to show your grandma in Tennessee or teachers from the British Isles.” From Australia, a move to Boston brought Hill back to the U.S. Boston is also where Hill started dancing. At the time, The Chieftains, a traditional Irish band, was touring North America and

Hill happened to see a flyer advertising Irish dance lessons in nearby Cambridge. The timeliness of this dual introduction laid the groundwork for Hill’s present-day mantra. It was music first, then dance.

Rocky road

Hill recalls always wanting to be a teacher and, while playing and dancing with an Irish band in Oklahoma, she was approached after a performance by parents who wanted her to teach dance lessons to their children. At the time, she felt as though her talents were only a hobby and she wasn’t qualified. “They finally wore me down,” she said. She then began seriously searching for someone to come to Oklahoma, an expert to guide her and her students forward. She didn’t have much luck but continued to study and took five of the sixpart certification exam in Chicago in October 2005, but she broke her foot while overtraining and was unable to complete the final step: actually dancing. She finalized the rigorous Teagascóir Choimisiúin le Rinci Gaelacha (“certified Irish dance teacher,” TCRG) certification process in January 2006.

Irish culture

With 20 years under her belt, Hill has created a program that spans the spectrum of Irish culture. Students don’t only learn the technicality of Irish dance; Hill always offers lessons in art and music understanding alongside the traditional steps. “In Ireland, every child is given a tin whistle,” Hill said. “An understanding of the music helps you as a dancer. I’m a musician, and I love Irish music. It is hard for me to separate music and

dance. I’m fascinated with Celtic artwork. I sew Irish dance costumes, so I explore the artwork a lot. When I do choreography, I consciously try to do something you see in artwork, [like] a spiral loop or crossing over and intersecting again.” There are multiple dance commissions, and Hill is a member of the southern US region of Coimisiún le Rincí Gaelacha (CLRG, an international Irish dance organization). Every summer, she teaches camps with students across various skill levels, and she offers classes to 50-80 students from midAugust through mid-May. She tries to cap each class at no more than 12 students, but age and expectations play a part. “If I have teenagers who are more casual and they don’t practice or compete, I will place them in classes with adults who are training for recreation or exercise,” Hill said. “I always have performance opportunities for everyone. If they like to dance or perform, they can do that in my school. If they want to compete, they can do that.”

Modern steps

She said people are still surprised that Irish dancing lessons are available in Oklahoma and since she rents her classroom space from local studios, it makes her less visible. She relies most heavily

Jean Hill teaches a variety of hard and soft shoe Irish dancing at Hill Irish Dance School. | Photo Hill Irish Dance School / provided

on word of mouth, Internet searches and public performances. She likes to use modern music and features songs from artists like Lindsey Stirling and Ed Sheeran. Her students have performed as part of Arts Council Oklahoma City’s Art Moves program, introducing Irish dance to spectators in the Chase Tower lobby and the Oklahoma City Museum of Art gallery. “Some of the benefits of Irish dancing is that it teaches focus and concentration,” Hill said. “In order to execute a step, you have to focus totally. Kids with ADHD respond well to it because it’s really structured. I [provide] feedback so they learn skills that help them, [and] it gives them confidence.” This summer, Hill Irish Dance School welcomes students to its annual dance camp July 16-19 at The Dancenter Studio of Performing Arts, 901 N. Moore Ave., in Moore. Classes from beginner through champion-level are available. Tuition is $95-$105. To register for camp or classes, call 405-524-7322 or email Visit

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CALENDAR These are events recommended by Oklahoma Gazette editorial staff members. For full calendar listings, go to

Books Mid-Oklahoma Writers a meetup for local writers featuring guest speakers and literary discussions, 7-9 p.m. Eastside Church of Christ, 916 S. Douglas Blvd., 405-732-0393. WED Ralph Cissne Book Signing the author will autograph copies of Angel City Singles about the relationship between two aspiring standup comics, 11 a.m.-2 p.m. July 7. Barnes & Noble, 13800 N. May Ave., 405755-1155, SAT

With the recent tobacco tax increase, you might be thinking about quitting. With FREE services from the Oklahoma Tobacco Helpline and support from your SoonerCare provider, quitting might not cost you anything! The Oklahoma Tobacco Helpline has free services to help you quit your own way: • FREE patches, gum or lozenges • FREE text messaging & emails • FREE phone coaching & more Ready to subtract tobacco from your life? Call 1-800-QUIT NOW or visit today. For more support, talk with your doctor about additional SoonerCare benefits available to you.

Read the West Book Club discuss the book Stranded: A Story of Frontier Survival, based on the true story of a 14-year-old girl attempting to stay alive by herself on the frontier, 6-7:15 p.m. July 5. National Cowboy & Western Heritage Museum (3), 1700 NE 63rd St. THU

Film The LEGO Batman Movie (USA, 2017, Chris McKay) watch the dually licensed children’s film based on the toys/comic book character at a poolside screening, 7:30 p.m. July 5. Pelican Bay Aquatic Center, 1034 S. Bryant Ave., 405-216-7649, THU OKC48 Meet & Greet a chance to meet other local filmmakers and create a team for the upcoming 48-hour film competition, 6-8 p.m. June 10. Tower Theatre, 425 NW 23rd St., 405-708-6937, TUE

Bill Maher get a first look at the material comedian Bill Maher will use in his upcoming HBO special filmed in Tulsa the following night, 8 p.m. July 6. WinStar World Casino, 777 Casino Ave., 866-946-7787, FRI Dancing in the Gardens take a hip-hop dance lesson, then stick around for a ’90s-themed dance party, 7-10 p.m June 6, Fri., July 6, 7-10 p.m. Myriad Botanical Gardens, 301 W. Reno Ave., 405-445-7080, FRI Family Feud League teams of five compete to win a game patterned after the popular TV show, 7:30-9:30 p.m. Wednesday. FlashBack RetroPub, 814 W. Sheridan Ave., 405-633-3604, WED Friday Evening Glow take in the OKC skyline at sunset from the bank of the Oklahoma river with live music, food and drinks at this weekly patio concert series, 6-11 p.m. Fridays. RIVERSPORT Rapids, 800 Riversport drive, 405-552-4040, FRI History Comes Alive learn about Oklahoma’s past from a colorful cast of characters on this interactive ferry ride, 11:40 a.m.-1:10 p.m. Saturdays. Oklahoma River Cruises, 1503 Exchange Ave., 405-702-7755, SAT Hotdogs for the Homeless Volunteer Day pack lunches to distribute to the homeless population in Downtown OKC, 10:45 a.m.-1 p.m. Sundays. Old School Bagel Cafe, 10948 N. May Ave., 405-286-2233. SUN House in the Park enjoy games, sports, and community while listening to house electronic dance music, 12-7 p.m. July 8. NE OKC Community & Cultural Center, 3815 N Kelley Ave., 405-401-3350. SUN Howl at the Moon bring your pooch for beers, corn hole and fun for all with treats and friendly competition for dogs, 8-10 p.m. July 9, August 13, September 10. Myriad Botanical Gardens, 301 W. Reno Ave., 405445-7080, MON

Nominations Are Open!

Class of 2018 Help us recognize outstanding leaders. To nominate one of Oklahoma City’s brightest young leaders visit deadline is THis friday, july 6

The Devil and Father Amorth / The Exorcist Camp If the greatest trick the devil ever pulled was convincing the world he doesn’t exist, making young Regan MacNeil’s head do a complete 360 is probably a close runner-up. If William Friedkin’s Oscar-winning horror classic doesn’t have you second-guessing Satan’s Keyser Söze act, the director’s documentary, released last year, which shows Father Gabriele Amorth performing an actual exorcism, might just blow the Dark One’s cover once and for all. The screening starts 7 p.m. Thursday at Oklahoma City Museum of Art, 415 Couch Drive. Tickets are $5-$9. Call 405-236-3100 or visit Thursday Photo provided Paddington 2 (2018, USA, Paul King) the marmaladeloving bear matches wits with a book thief, 9-11 p.m. July 11. Myriad Botanical Gardens, 301 W. Reno Ave., 405-445-7080, WED

Lip Sync Battle compete to be the best at pretending to sing popular songs, or just enjoy the show, 9-11:30 p.m. Mondays. Lumpy’s Sports Grill, 12325 N. May Ave., 405-286-3300, MON

Peter Rabbit (2018, USA, Will Gluck) an irreverent adaptation of Beatrix Potter’s classic children’s book; featuring the voice of James Corden in the title role, 9-11 p.m. July 7. SAT

Live Pro Boxing Dennis Knifechief fights Maurice Williams for the Oklahoma Junior Middleweight title in the main event, 7-11 p.m. July 7. Remington Park, 1 Remington place, 405-424-9000, SAT

ShiftHappens IndieGoGo Launch Party join Planet Thunder Productions to celebrate the launch of the fundraising campaign for upcoming sci-fi film Shifter with drinks, food, and a sneak peek of the movie, 7-10 p.m. July 6. Dunlap Codding, 609 W. Sheridan Ave., 405-607-8600, FRI

OKCX Sunday Holey Rollers Ride a weekly group bicycle ride departing from Holey Rollers Doughnuts in the Paseo at an average pace of about 18 miles-per-hour, Sundays, 10 a.m.-12:30 p.m. through Oct. 21. Holey Rollers, 3010 Paseo Dr., 405212-2383, SUN

Happenings Across the Aisle hosted by Women Lead Oklahoma, this legislative panel and Q&A features Representatives Cyndi Munson and Tammy West, 5:30-7 p.m. July 11. Vito’s Ristorante, 7521 N. May Ave., 405-848-4867, WED

Call 405.605.6789 or email 24

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Beats & Bites an evening outdoors with live music from Restless Heart, as well as food trucks, vendors and more, 6-11 p.m. July 7. Riverwind Casino, 1544 W. State Highway 9, 405-322-6000, SAT

Oklahoma Summer Bead & Jewelry Show a gem showcase featuring beads, pearls, jewelry and more, 10 a.m.-6 p.m. July 6-8. Oklahoma State Fair Park, 3220 Great Plains Walk, 405-948-6700, FRI-SUN Self-Advocacy Workshop people 14 and older with disabilities will learn skills to become more selfsufficient, such as money management and public speaking, 5:30-7:30 p.m. July 10. Dale Rogers Training Center, 2501 N. Utah Ave., 405-946-4489, TUE Tarot Talk a discussion of Aleister Crowley’s Thoth Tarot deck and how it relates to astrology and

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STEM Camp The dreaded question “When are we going to use this?” gets an extremely definitive answer at this day camp teaching students in grades 6-8 about the many ways in which science, technology, engineering and mathematics helped rescue workers and authorities in the aftermath of the Oklahoma City bombing. Campers will learn about structural engineering, robotics, forensics and other topics through hands-on interactive instruction. Camp is 9 a.m.-4 p.m. Monday-July 13 at Oklahoma City National Memorial & Museum, 620 N. Harvey Ave. Enrollment is $200. Call 405-235-3313 or visit

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MONDAY-JULY 13 Photo provided Western mythology, 4-6 p.m. Saturday. Sekhet Bast Ra Oasis, 2714 N Pennsylvania Ave., 405-706-7379, SAT #YesLoveOKC Photo Event pair up with a stranger for a customized photoshoot to show that people can still love one another in trying times, 2-3:30 p.m. July 7. The Barn, 1601 N. Blackwelder Ave., 405-822-6917, SAT

Food Automobile Alley Walking Food Tour take a guided food-centric tour through a district that was once home to early pioneers and evolved into an auto-dealership hub, 11am-2pm Saturdays, Every other Saturday, 11 a.m.-2 p.m. through Nov. 24. Automobile Alley, 1015 N. Broadway Ave., 405-4882555, SAT Farming, Freedom, and Fireworks enjoy a three-course farm-to-table meal, local brews and a fireworks show, 6-10 p.m. July 5. Providence Farms, 14475 South Western Ave., 405-359-8359. THU Paseo Farmers Market shop for fresh food from local vendors at this weekly outdoor event, 9 a.m.-noon Saturdays. SixTwelve, 612 NW 29th St., 405-208-8291, SAT

Youth Arts in the Park interactive arts classes for children age 6-12, including drama, music, storytelling and dance workshops, 1-3:30 p.m. Wednesdays & Thursdays. Schilling Park, 539 SE 25th St., 405-631-2466. WED-THU Early Explorers toddlers and preschoolers can participate in fun scientific activities they can repeat later at home, Thursdays, 10-11 a.m. Science Museum Oklahoma, 2100 NE 52nd St., 405-602-6664, THU An Exploration in Mixed-Media Art an exploration art camp where kids age 10-12 can create vibrant paintings inspired by Oklahoma artist Eugene Bavinger, 9 a.m.-4 p.m. July 10. Oklahoma City Museum of Art, 415 Couch Drive, 405-236-3100, TUE Explore It! get your questions answered of what, why and how about the natural world we live in, 11:30 a.m -noon Saturdays., Saturdays, 11:30 a.m.-noon through Dec. 29. Sam Noble Museum, 2401 Chautauqua Ave., 405-325-4712, SAT Fit For Youth Day Camp a camp of engaging activities including sports, arts and crafts, swimming, recreation games, nature and outdoor activities and more, 7:30 a.m.-5:30 p.m. Mon-Fri. $90/week. Foster Recreation Center, 614 NE 4th St., 405-297-2409, MON-FRI HeyDay Summer Camp kids age 7 and older can play mini-golf and laser tag, bowl, complete the ropes course and participate in many of HeyDay’s other activities at this day camp; breakfast and lunch are provided and counselors are on-site, 9 a.m.-2 p.m. through July 27. HeyDay, 3201 Market Place, 405-310-3500, MON-FRI Into the Woods webelos earn the Into the Woods elective adventure pin by exploring trees in Oklahoma, 1-4 p.m. July 5. Sam Noble Museum, 2401 Chautauqua Ave., 405-325-4712, THU

Living History Summer Camp children age 6-12 are invited to learn about life in the early days of Edmond by making tin-can phones, sending Morse code, typesetting newspaper headlines, playing horseshoes and having a tea party, July 10-12, 9 a.m.-noon. Edmond Historical Society & Museum, 431 S. Boulevard, 405-340-0078, TUE-THU Motor Away wolf scouts complete requirements for the Motor Away adventure loop by discovering ways to fly, sail and propel,1-4 p.m. July 5. Sam Noble Museum, 2401 Chautauqua Ave., 405-325-4712, THU Summer Camp Contemporary children in grades K-9 can learn about clay, robotics, hip-hop, and many other artistic topics in a variety of camps, 9 a.m.-4 p.m. through August 10. Oklahoma Contemporary Arts Center, 3000 General Pershing Blvd., 405-951-0000, MON-FRI Summer Explorers: Shark Week: I explore animals of ancient seas and dive into the temporary exhibit Megalodon: Largest Shark that Ever Lived, 8-10 a.m. July 9-13. Sam Noble Museum, 2401 Chautauqua Ave., 405-325-4712, MON-FRI Summer Explorers: Shark Week: II this indoor program focuses on prehistoric underwater predators such as the giant Megalodon, 11 a.m.-1 p.m. July 9-11. Sam Noble Museum, 2401 Chautauqua Ave., 405-325-4712, MON-FRI Summer Explorers: Shark Week: III find out about ancient ocean animals such as fossil fish and other prehistoric creatures in this indoor program, 2-4 p.m. July 9-13. Sam Noble Museum, 2401 Chautauqua Ave., 405-325-4712, MON-FRI Summer Explorers: Super Scientists an investigation station for 4-year-olds to experiment through games, songs and crafts to learn about the natural world, 9:30-11 a.m. July 6. Sam Noble Museum, 2401 Chautauqua Ave., 405-325-4712, FRI Super Science bear scouts complete the super science adventure loop experimenting with static electricity, 1-4 p.m. July 6. Sam Noble Museum, 2401 Chautauqua Ave., 405-325-4712, samnoblemuseum. FRI Western Explorers Summer Camp Campers age 8-15 can explore trails, view museum exhibitions and participate in crafts, games and art projects in week long sessions, June 18-July 27., Through July 27. National Cowboy & Western Heritage Museum, 1700 NE 63rd St., 405-478-2250, MON-FRI Young Company Shakespeare Camp an interactive theater camp offering daily performance opportunities and presented by Oklahoma Shakespeare in the Park, 10 a.m.-5 p.m. July 9-13. Shakespeare on Paseo, 2920 Paseo St., 405-2353700, MON-FRI

Performing Arts Arab After Hours a weekly belly-dancing performance featuring dancers from the Aalim Belly Dance Academy, Tuesdays, 8:30-10:30 p.m. through Dec. 25. Hubbly Bubbly Hookah & Café, 2900 N Classen Blvd. Ste K, 405-609-2930. TUE

continued on page 26

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9650 N May | The Colonnade Shopping Center | 463-5510 These statements have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.

Summer Special

No Cover For Ladies! OKC’s Newest Nightclub & Lounge Upcoming Bands Thur., July 5 – Drive Thur., July 12 – Life Of The Party Thur., July 19 – Stars Thur., July 26 – Replay

Thur - Sat 8 pm - 2 am Now open for Happy Hour Mon - Fri 4pm Address - 12000 N. May Ave. • Phone - 405-205-0807 The Shoppes At Northpark Check out our FB page or website

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CALENDAR Visual Arts The 46th Annual Prix de West Invitational Art Exhibition & Sale features more than 300 Western paintings and sculptures by contemporary Western artists of landscapes, wildlife and illustrative scenes, Through Aug. 5. National Cowboy & Western Heritage Museum, 1700 NE 63rd St., 405478-2250, FRI-SUN

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TANNER MILLER 405.928.4550

Tickets and Info TOWERTHEATREOKC.COM @towertheaterokc 405-70-TOWER | 425 NW 23rd St. OKC

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Chiyoko Myose: Sojourning Gallery Talks a staff-led tour through the artist’s ongoing exhibition, Free, Tue., July 10, 6-7 p.m. Oklahoma Contemporary Arts Center, 3000 General Pershing Blvd., 405-951-0000, exhibits/upcoming-exhibits/chiyoko-myose/. TUE


Divine Comedy a weekly local showcase featuring a variety of comedians, Wednesdays, 9 p.m. 51st Street Speakeasy, 1114 NW 51st St., 405-463-0470, WED

Girls Night Out an all-male dance revue offering the “ultimate Magic Mike experience,” 8-11 p.m. July 11. Oklahoma City Limits, 4801 S. Eastern Ave., 405619-3939, WED



Art of Rap hosted by Jim Conway, this monthly rap battle pits local MCs against one another for a cash prize, 9 p.m. Mondays. Hubbly Bubbly Hookah & Café, 2900 N. Classen Blvd. Suite K, 405-609-2930. MON

Four-String Open Jam bring your banjo for an old-fashioned jams session, or just watch and enjoy the show, 1-4 p.m. July 7. American Banjo Museum, 9 E. Sheridan Ave., 405604-2793, SAT



Print on Paseo Among the works by more than 80 artists on display in more than 20 galleries at this month’s First Friday Art Walk will be several Oklahoma printmakers selected to participate in the fourth annual Print on Paseo, which seeks not only to display the varied types of print art but to inform the public about the different methods used to make them. While you’re looking, keep an ear out for live music by singer/songwriter Paxton Pennington. The art walk is 6-9 p.m. Friday, and the prints will be on display at Paseo Art Space, 3022 Paseo St. Admission is free. Call 405-525-2688 or visit FRIDAY Photo provided continued from page 25


My Brilliant Divorce a comedy about an American in London whose British husband leaves her, through July 21, Fri., July 6, 8 p.m. and Sat., July 7, 8 p.m. Carpenter Square Theatre, 806 W. Main St., 405-232-6500, FRI-SAT

Active E WEEK

Barre3 bring your own yoga mat for a low-impact workout session designed to increase strength and balance, 7-8 p.m. July 9. Myriad Botanical Gardens, 301 W. Reno Ave., 405-445-7080, MON



Lights Out Climb Night practice rock-wall climbing with headlamps and glow sticks in the dark; must be belay-certified to participate, 7 p.m. -midnight July 7. Climb UP - OKC, 200 SE 4th St., 405-673-7448, SAT




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July 16



Big, Bold, and Beautiful an exhibition of acrylic paintings by Norman-based artist Vikki McGuire, who specializes in colorful nature scenes, July 6-29, July 6-29. Contemporary Art Gallery, 2928 Paseo St., 405-601-7474,

July 14



Battle of Art! local artists create live onstage, incorporating a theme chosen by the audience, which also chooses the winner, 9-11 p.m. Sundays. Hubbly Bubbly Hookah & Café, 2900 N Classen Blvd. Ste K, 405-609-2930. SUN

The Duran Duran Experience

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OKC Dodgers vs Round Rock July 4-8. Chickasaw Bricktown Ballpark, 2 S. Mickey Mantle Drive, 405-218-1000, WED-SUN

August 2, 2018


Pool Party 5K participants in the 5K and fun run events will get free admission to Earlywine Family Aquatic Center so they’ll have a chance to cool off at an exclusive pool party, 8-11 a.m. July 7. Earlywine Park, 3101 SW 119th St., 405-297-3882, SAT Wine Down Yoga an all-experience-levels yoga class followed by a painting class with wine, 5:45 p.m. July 10. Myriad Botanical Gardens, 301 W. Reno Ave., 405-445-7080, TUE

City Blocks 2-Day Quilt Design Workshop with Sarah Atlee a two-day workshop inviting participants to explore the historic Deep Deuce neighborhood to inspire abstract quilt designs, 10 a.m.-4 p.m. July 7. [Artspace] at Untitled, 1 NE Third St., 405-815-6665, SAT-SUN Doodle Bugz Workshop local artist Erin Butler will teach participants felting techniques to make bug-shaped pins, 10 a.m.-4 p.m. July 7. [Artspace] at Untitled, 1 NE Third St., 405-815-6665, SAT Irmgard Geul and Cheri Wollenberg an exhibition featuring the works of abstract painter Geul and Wollenberg, who paints farm animals and flowers, through July 18, Through July 18. Whispering Willows Art Gallery, 226 E. Main St, 405-9285077. THU-WED Oklahoma Illustrators features the work of illustrators Arjan Jager, Jeff Sparks and Greg White, June 7-July 9., Through July 9. DNA Galleries, 1709 NW 16th St., 405-525-3499, THU-MON

Paseo Arts District’s First Friday Gallery Walk Peruse art from over 80 artists with 25 participating business for a night of special themed exhibits, refreshments and a variety of entertainment opportunities, 6-10 p.m. Feb. 2. Paseo Arts District, 3022 Paseo St., 405-525-2688, FRI Reflection: An Exhibition of Glass and Light featuring works by artists Rick and Tracey Bewley using glass and light to creative reflection of colored geometric shapes mixed with metal structures., Through Aug. 24. Oklahoma City University School of Visual Arts, 1601 NW 26th St., 405-208-5226, WED-FRI Visual Voices: Contemporary Chickasaw Art an exhibition featuring more than 65 works in oil, watercolor, textiles, metals and more by 15 contemporary artists, June 8- Sep. 9, Through Sept. 9. Fred Jones Jr. Museum of Art, 555 Elm Ave., 405-3253272, FRI-SUN Welcome Home: Oklahomans and the War in Vietnam explores the impact of the war on Oklahoma families as well as the stories of Vietnamese families relocated to Oklahoma, Through Nov. 6, 2019. Oklahoma History Center, 800 Nazih Zuhdi Drive, 405-521-2491, MON-SUN

Submissions must be received by Oklahoma Gazette no later than noon on Wednesday seven days before the desired publication date. Late submissions will not be included in the listings. Submissions run as space allows, although we strive to make the listings as inclusive as possible. Fax your listings to 528-4600 or e-mail them to Sorry, but phone submissions cannot be accepted.

For okg live music

see page 29

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Cherub rock

Before the arenas, The Smashing Pumpkins played a memorably flawed 1991 show in Norman. By George Lang

The sound system crashed, the lights went out and fans sweltered in the middle of December, but the show went on. The Smashing Pumpkins, now 75 percent reunited and celebrating the 25th anniversary of their breakthrough album Siamese Dream, will present a slick multimedia rock show for thousands of fans July 14 at Chesapeake Energy Arena, 100 W. Reno Ave., a stark contrast to what happened nearly 27 years ago in a small movie theater in Norman. On Dec. 12, 1991, singer/guitarist Billy Corgan, guitarist James Iha, drummer Jimmy Chamberlin and bassist D’arcy Wretsky arrived at Norman’s Hollywood Theatre, 1210 McGee Drive, on a one-day break from their tour with Red Hot Chili Peppers and Pearl Jam. Trent Bell, guitarist for opening act Chainsaw Kittens, had never promoted a show before, but he took on the task after the band’s agent at Creative Artists Agency, Kevin Gasser, encouraged him to jump into the fray. “I had never booked a show; I had never done anything like that, you know what I mean?” said Bell, now an in-demand producer and owner of Bell Labs Recording in Norman. “I was in a band. I played shows, but I never booked a show.” When he wasn’t playing with the Kittens, who were preparing to release the follow-up to their 1990 debut album, Violent Religion, Bell worked at the Hollywood, which is now a Koda CrossFit gym. He was able to get the owner to let him book the Pumpkins and Kittens into the theater, but logistical concerns came fast and furiously that day. “The [sound] company that was traveling with the Red Hot Chili Peppers said they could take the console they were using for the tour for that day,” Bell said. “At the time, in 1991, I didn’t know what kind of PAs to get or anything like that. Then they bring in this gigantic console.” It was a console fit for an arena, but

it was going into a relatively small, late1960s movie house with an electrical output perfectly suited for projection systems, house lights and concession stands of that era. But that afternoon, Bell could not even get it into the theater. “They want to set that up, but the guy who owns the movie theater at the time is, like, adamant he was going to show his matinee movies,” Bell said, laughing. “So basically, we’re all there with the Pumpkins and everybody, and we can’t get set up because the owner is like, ‘I’m showing my matinee movies.’”

We were just kind of embracing the craziness of it all and just sort of going with it. Trent Bell

Crush and suffer

Bell said he could not recall how many people attended the Pumpkins/Kittens show, but it was easily at capacity or beyond. The Kittens performed without a hitch, playing songs from Violent Religion and their upcoming album Flipped Out in Singapore as well as a double-speed version of Journey’s “Any Way You Want It.” This reporter went down in the mosh pit and was pulled up before any Doc Martens landed on his face. Then came the breakers. After the Pumpkins’ set started with “Rocket,” which would appear nearly two years later on Siamese Dream, the board and amps immediately overloaded the theater’s electrical system. “I just remember the electric breakers being overloaded with the amps to the sound system and the amps to the band gear, which stopped the show multiple times,” said Daryle Bascom of Mind

The Smashing Pumpkins, 2018 edition: left to right Jimmy Chamberlin, Billy Corgan, James Iha and Jeff Schroeder. | Photo Olivia Bee / provided

Candy Productions, who helped Bell promote the show. “I think [engineer] Bill Nunez was doing the sound, and I believe that they had to separate band gear from sound gear in order to stop popping circuits and continue the show.” A YouTube-preserved VHS recording of one song, “Bury Me,” from 1991’s Gish, proves the band got through at least one complete song before the power blew again. While Nunez worked to get things on track, Bascom huddled with Wretsky. “Of course, having a crush on the cool band chick, I gravitated towards hanging out with D’arcy side stage while the others were scrambling to sort out the electric,” said Bascom, now director of operations for The Food Bank for Central & Northeast Missouri in Columbia, Missouri. “I offered D’arcy some pot while we waited. She was very sweet and very humble. Fun memory, but the rest of the night was hazy.” Barb Hendrickson Vest, who records and performs with husband Allan Vest in doubleVee, was 16 years old when she attended the show and brought her father’s camera. “It was a school night,” she said. “I was very excited to get to go, but with so many years passing between now and then, my memories are pretty hazy. I’d bought both Gish and Violent Religion on cassette at Rainbow Records and loved getting to hear the songs performed live. Both of those albums still strike a very specific nostalgic chord with me.”

Tonight, tonight

In a Dec. 12, 1991 photo, Billy Corgan of The Smashing Pumpkins smiles at the audience in Norman’s Hollywood Theatre. | Photo Barb Hendrickson Vest / provided

Accumulated body heat and bad ventilation in the theater forced many concertgoers to strip away flannel or flee outside into the cool December night. Eventually, the power was a lost cause and after the band attempted a few more Gish songs like “Window Paine,” “Siva” and “Snail” acoustically, The Smashing Pumpkins gave up and called it a night after a six-song set. But in the YouTube video, Corgan did not seem upset during the performance. “It’s shows like this that bring people together who don’t know each other, maybe for some fondling and latent homosexual tendencies,” Corgan said,

“and get together as one.” Bell said that after the show, the Kittens and Pumpkins laughed about the experience. “We were just kind of embracing the craziness of it all and just sort of going with it,” Bell said. “No one was stressed or worried about it or anything like that. I think they knew coming in that this wasn’t a real concert promotion kind of thing, you know what I mean? No one was kidding themselves. They definitely knew it wasn’t LiveNation promoting the show coming into it. I think everybody just kind of had a good sense of humor about it.” It took awhile before Bell tried his hand at concert promotion again. On April 17, 1993, he and Bascom brought the legendary Washington, D.C. punk band Fugazi to the Hollywood, which went much smoother. “We learned a lot, so the next time we did Fugazi there, we definitely had things figured out,” Bell said. “And after Fugazi, I retired.” In the minds of the people who attended the Smashing Pumpkins/ Chainsaw Kittens show, the night has taken on mythical status, a kind of symbol of the Norman music scene when bands were noisy and Kittens lead singer Tyson Todd Meade was a long way off from running for Congress. Some remember the dark side of the night, when drunk teenagers were pulled out of the theater by Norman police officers, and others just remember it as symbolic of a different time and way of life. “Was there,” wrote John Smith, a former Oklahoma Gazette account executive in a Facebook post. “$5 general admission, and am I dreaming that you were allowed to BYOB into the theater?”

The Smashing Pumpkins: Shiny and Oh So Bright Tour 7 p.m. July 14 Chesapeake Energy Arena 100 W. Reno Ave. | 1-800-653-8000 $21-$125 O kg a z e t t e . c o m | J u ly 4 , 2 0 1 8




Jason Mraz | Photo provided

Ideal music This year’s Woody Guthrie Folk Festival continues to keep the musician’s legacy alive. By Jeremy Martin

Woody Guthrie said he always heard the best jokes, stories and songs from the people who society shuns. “You can learn a lot by talking to a shine boy,” Guthrie told folk historian Alan Lomax in an interview included with the singer’s Library of Congress recordings in the 2013 collection American Radical Patriot. In the interviews, the influential songwriter also describes hearing “The Railroad Blues” in an alley behind a barber shop and growing up in Okemah during an oil boom, where house fires and subsequent arson accusations tore his family apart. When Lomax asks if the Guthries ever struck oil, Guthrie replied “No, no. We got the grease.” Woody Guthrie Folk Festival, now in its 21st year, celebrates the singer’s legacy with live music, poetry readings and songwriting workshops at several venues in Okemah July 11-15. Musical acts scheduled to perform include Jason Mraz, Carter Sampson, Red Dirt Rangers and Willie Watson, formerly of Old Crow Medicine Show. The festival’s marketing chair Maddie Gregory said she remembers listening to Guthrie’s “This Land Is Your Land” on a cassette tape as a child growing up in Oklahoma, but she would only find out later in life about his legacy as an outspoken antifascist and advocate for civil rights and social change. “You always hear about him, and you don’t really hear about all of his ideals,” Gregory said. “As I’ve gotten older, it’s just learning more about what he’s representing and the music that he repre28

J u ly 4 , 2 0 1 8 | O kg a z e t t e . c o m

sented and his poetry and his art, and I think that’s what the festival really tries to reflect. Not just his ideals but all that he created.” Guthrie’s support for the labor movement and association with socialist causes and publications led to accusations that he was a communist. In 1967, the American Legion in Okemah prevented the city from declaring an official Woody Guthrie Day, and in the 1970s, his childhood home was demolished. Efforts to restore it from the remaining original lumber continue. When the music festival first began in 1998, Gregory said many people in the area were still opposed to honoring Guthrie, who left Okemah as a young man to travel to Texas, California and New York.

A lot of the musicians describe it as kind of a musician’s festival. Maddie Gregory “I believe that whenever the festival first started, definitely the locals in Okemah — Okfuskee County is a really rural area — I think that there was some pushback,” Gregory said. “I think that he was controversial, and I think that his main goal was speaking and writing and singing about what he knew and what he had observed. And I think that is definitely applicable now.” Over the years, Gregory said, the festival has become more widely accepted in Okemah by focusing primar-

ily on Guthrie’s artistic legacy instead of his personal opinions. “The festival tries to not be very political and just let the music and the musicians reflect what they believe and their quote-unquote ‘leanings,’” Gregory said. Guthrie’s influence in modern music and beyond is far-reaching. “I think that the songs that he wrote definitely have inspired many forms of songwriting,” Gregory said, “and I think that folk music in general can’t really be put in a box. You can have blues, and you can have poetry and you can have country, and you can have all different kinds of genres that Woody Guthrie has influenced. And I think that’s really cool.” The festival features 100 performers, including musicians and poets, about half of them from Oklahoma, Gregory estimated. Nine of Guthrie’s family members — including his grandchildren Cathy Guthrie, Annie Guthrie and Cole Quest and great-granddaughter Serena Guthrie, making her festival feature-act debut — are also scheduled to perform. “A lot of the musicians describe it as kind of a musician’s festival,” Gregory said. “There’s not a ton of ego. It’s just really laid-back, and all of the musicians really get along. … We just have a really great mix of different people and different artists. We have some who have performed every year, and they’re kind of staples in the community. We try to pull some younger people. We have some people from Folk Alliance who applied, and we went and saw them. … We have a music committee, and they just try to listen and see what they think would reflect best for Woody Guthrie.” The most controversial thing the festival has done recently, Gregory said, is when it began charging for some of the events three years ago. “There’s been a lot of pushback,” Gregory said, “but I feel like this year especially there’s been an acceptance of it and an understanding that it does take a lot of money and hard work to put on the festival.” Though performances at Crystal Theatre, Brick Street and Pastures of Plenty venues charge for admission, many other events and shows — including songwriting workshops for children and adults and the Hoot for Huntington’s All-Star Jam raising funds to help fight the disease that led to Guthrie’s multiyear hospitalization and death at the age of 55 in 1967 — are free to attend, if as Woody might say, “you ain’t got the Do Re Mi.” Tickets to paid events are $30-$100. Visit

Carter Sampson | Photo provided

Opal Agafia & the Sweet Nothings | Photo provided

Willis Alan Ramsey | Photo Gary Hart / provided

Red Dirt Rangers | Photo provided

Woody Guthrie Folk Festival July 11-15 Okemah $30-$100

Turnpike Troubadors | Photo David McClister / provided

LIVE MUSIC These are events recommended by Oklahoma Gazette editorial staff members. For full calendar listings, go to

L-Smooth/Trip G/ Mr Burns, The Root. HIP-HOP

atre. ROCK

Layken Urie, Iron Horse Bar & Grill. SINGER/SONG-

Red Dirt Rangers, Myriad Botanical Gardens.

Scott Keeton, Remington Park. ROCK

Monday, Jul. 9



Saturday, Jul. 7

Jason Hunt, Sean Cumming’s Irish Restaurant. FOLK

Abbigale Dawn & The Makebelieve, The Blue Door.

Phinehas/Earth Groans, 89th Street-OKC. METAL

Citizen/Teenage Wrist, 89th Street-OKC. ROCK

Tuesday, Jul. 10

Boombox/Russ Liquid/Diamond Saints, Lost Lakes Waterpark and Amphitheater. ELECTRONIC

Eli Young Band, Frontier City. COUNTRY

Country Clique, Friends Restaurant & Club.

Shane Henry/Maggie McClure, Reaves Park. BLUES

Gene Watson/Jody Miller/Mickey Gilley, Grand Casino Hotel & Resort. ROCK

David Amram & Friends, The Blue Door. CLASSICAL

Wednesday, Jul. 4


Blake Lankford, Bluebonnet Bar. SINGER/SONGWRITER

Weekend All Stars, Sidecar Barley & Wine Bar. POP

Thursday, Jul. 5 The Cake Eaters, Bluebonnet Bar. ROCK Chanda Graham, Saints Pub. JAZZ Koolie High & the Tap Band, Ice Event Center & Grill. JAZZ Whey Jennings, Whiskey Barrel Saloon. COUNTRY

Friday, Jul. 6 Andy Adams/Kyle Reid/Jaxon Haldane, The Blue Door. SINGER/SONGWRITER Caleb McGee, Blue Note Lounge. BLUES Dylan Stewart & Buffalo Rogers, Bluebonnet Bar. SINGER/SONGWRITER

Grupo Soniak, Mangos Discotec. ROCK Jessica Tate/John Rouse, Bossa Nova Caipirinha Lounge. JAZZ John & Jessi, Bossa Nova Caipirinha Lounge. JAZZ


Kyle Reid, Scratch Kitchen & Cocktails.

Isaac McClung & JT Darling, Bluebonnet Bar. FOLK

Los Eskeletos The only way the bony xylophonist in Walt Disney’s 1929 cartoon Skeleton Dance might be any creepier is if it played Misfits / White Zombie-infused psychobilly, and the only way it’d be any more awesome is if it were also sometimes dressed like a luchador. Enter Los Eskeletos, who celebrate death and assorted devilry with eerily infectious tunes and wicked costumes. The band will no doubt be at the top of its weirdo game opening for infamous shockrock scumbags The Mentors (or what’s left of them) at one of OKC’s premiere dives. The debauchery begins 9 p.m. July 11 at The Drunken Fry, 5100 Classen Circle. Admission is free. Visit facebook. com/drunkenfry. july 11 Photo provided

Jesse Lives, Kendells. Hip-Hop Layken Urie, Iron Horse Bar & Grill. SINGER/SONGWRITER

Mallory Eagle, Anthem Brewing Company. COUNTRY

Spotless Mind/The Black Powder Charlies, The Root. ROCK


Wednesday, Jul. 11 Johnny Manchild/Tripsitters/S.M. Wolf, Red Brick Bar. ROCK Rachel Lynch, Bluebonnet Bar. SINGER/SONGWRITER

Shane Henry, Sidecar Barley & Wine Bar. BLUES

Steve Crossley, Louie’s Grill & Bar. R&B Trap Queen/The So Longs, HiLo Club. ROCK A Vulture Wake, Blue Note Lounge. PUNK Welshly Arms, The Zoo Amphitheatre. ROCK Wild Boys/Cheers for Tears, Tower Theatre. COVER

Sunday, Jul. 8 Gemini Syndrome/ Code Red Riot/Kirra, Diamond Ballroom. ROCK Paramore/Foster the People, The Zoo Amphithe-

Live music submissions must be received by Oklahoma Gazette no later than noon on Wednesday seven days before the desired publication date. Late submissions will not be included in the listings. Submissions run as space allows, although we strive to make the listings as inclusive as possible. Fax your listings to 528-4600 or e-mail to Sorry, but phone submissions cannot be accepted.

free will astrology Homework: Describe the tree house you would like to build for yourself one day, and what pleasures you would like to pursue there. Write: ARIES (March 21-April 19)

Your best ideas and soundest decisions will materialize as if by magic while you’re lounging around doing nothing in a worry-free environment. So please make sure you have an abundance of relaxed slack and unhurried grace. Treat yourself to record-setting levels of comfort and self-care. Do whatever’s necessary for you to feel as safe as you have ever felt. I realize these prescriptions might ostensibly clash with your fiery Aries nature. But if you meditate on them for even two minutes, I bet you’ll agree they’re exquisitely appropriate for you right now.

TAURUS (April 20-May 20)

“It is always what is under pressure in us, especially under pressure of concealment -- that explodes in poetry.” Taurus poet Adrienne Rich wrote that in an essay about the poet Emily Dickinson. She was describing the process of tapping into potent but buried feelings so as to create beautiful works of literature. I’m hoping to persuade you to take a comparable approach: to give voice to what’s under pressure inside you, but in a graceful and constructive way that has positive results.

GEMINI (May 21-June 20)

Introductory offers are expiring. The bracing thrills of novelty must ripen into the cool enjoyments of maturity. It’s time to finish the dress rehearsals so the actual show can begin. You’ve got to start turning big, bright fantasies into crisp, no-nonsense realities. In light of these shifting conditions, I suspect you can no longer use your good intentions as leverage, but must deliver more tangible signs of commitment. Please don’t take this as a criticism, but the cosmic machinery in your vicinity needs some actual oil, not just your witty stories about the oil and the cosmic machinery.

CANCER (June 21-July 22)

In the coming weeks, you will have an excellent chance to dramatically decrease your Wimp Quotient. As the

perilously passive parts of your niceness toughen up, I bet you will encounter brisk possibilities that were previously off-limits or invisible to you. To ensure you remain in top shape for this delightful development, I think you should avoid entertainment that stimulates fear and pessimism. Instead of watching the latest flurry of demoralizing stories on Netflix, spend quality time summoning memories of the times in your life when you were unbeatable. For extra credit, pump your fist ten times each day as you growl, “Victory is mine!”

LEO (July 23-Aug. 22)

It’s not so bad to temporarily lose your bearings. What’s bad is not capitalizing on the disruption that caused you to lose your bearings. So I propose that you regard the fresh commotion as a blessing. Use it as motivation to initiate radical changes. For example, escape the illusions and deceptions that caused you to lose your bearings. Explore unruly emotions that may be at the root of the superpowers you will fully develop in the future. Transform yourself into a brave self-healer who is newly receptive to a host of medicinal clues that were not previously accessible.

VIRGO (Aug. 23-Sept. 22)

Here’s my list of demands: 1. Avoid hanging out with people who are unreceptive to your influence. 2. Avoid hanging out with people whose influence on you is mediocre or dispiriting. 3. Hang out with people who are receptive to your influence and whose influence on you is healthy and stimulating. 4. Influence the hell out of the people who are receptive to your influence. Be a generous catalyst for them. Nudge them to surpass the limits they would benefit from surpassing. 5. Allow yourself to be deeply moved by people whose influence on you is healthy and stimulating.

LIBRA (Sept. 23-Oct. 22)

“If I didn’t define myself for myself, I would be crunched into other people’s fantasies for me and eaten alive.” Activist author Audre Lorde said that, and now, in accordance with your current astrological and psychological needs, I’m offering it to you. I realize it’s a flamboyant, even extreme, declaration, but in

my opinion, that’s what is most likely to motivate you to do the right thing. Here’s another splashy prompt, courtesy of philosopher Jean-Paul Sartre: “We only become what we are by the radical and deep-seated refusal of that which others have made us.”

businessman Alan Cohen: “Only those who ask for more can get more, and only those who know there is more, ask.” Here’s the second, from writer G. K. Chesterton: “We need to be happy in this wonderland without once being merely comfortable.”

SCORPIO (Oct. 23-Nov. 21)

AQUARIUS (Jan. 20-Feb. 18)

André René Roussimoff, also known as André the Giant, was a French actor and professional wrestler. He was 7 feet, 4 inches tall and weighed 520 pounds. As you might imagine, he ate and drank extravagantly. On one festive occasion, he quaffed 119 bottles of beer in six hours. Judging from your current astrological indicators, Scorpio, I suspect you may be ready for a binge like that. JUST KIDDING! I sincerely hope you won’t indulge in such wasteful forms of “pleasure.” The coming days should be a time when you engage in a focused pursuit of uplifting and healthy modes of bliss. The point is to seek gusto and amusement that enhance your body, mind, and soul.

SAGITTARIUS (Nov. 22-Dec. 21)

On her 90th birthday, my Great-Aunt Zosia told me, “The best gift you can give your ego is to make it see it’s both totally insignificant and totally important in the cosmic scheme of things.” Jenna, my girlfriend when I was 19, was perhaps touting a similar principle when, after teasing and tormenting me for two hours, she scrawled on my bathroom mirror in lipstick, “Sometimes you enjoy life better if you don’t understand it.” Then there’s my Zen punk friend Arturo, who says that life’s goodies are more likely to flow your way if you “hope for nothing and are open to everything.” According to my analysis of the astrological rhythms, these messages will help you make the most of the bewildering but succulent opportunities that are now arriving in your vicinity.

CAPRICORN (Dec. 22-Jan. 19)

In accordance with the astrological beacons, I have selected two pieces of advice to serve as your guiding meditations during the next seven weeks. You might want to write them on a piece of paper that you will carry in your wallet or pocket. Here’s the first, from

Ecologists in Mexico City investigated why certain sparrows and finches use humans’ discarded cigarette butts in building their nests. They found that cellulose acetate, a chemical in the butts, protects the nests by repelling parasitic mites. Is there a metaphorical lesson you might draw from the birds’ ingenious adaptation, Aquarius? Could you find good use for what might seem to be dross or debris? My analysis of the astrological omens says that this possibility is worth meditating on.

PISCES (Feb. 19-March 20)

I suspect that sometime soon you will come into possession of an enchanted potion or pixie dust or a pouch full of magic beans -- or the equivalent. If and when that occurs, consider the following protocols: 1. Before you use your new treasure, say a prayer to your higher self, requesting that you will be guided to use it in such a way as to make yourself wiser and kinder. 2. When you use it, be sure it harms no one. 3. Express gratitude for it before and during and after using it. 4. Use it in such a way that it benefits at least one other person or creature in addition to you. 5. See if you can use it to generate the arrival or more pixie dust or magical beans or enchanted potion in the future. 6. When you use it, focus on wielding it to get exactly what you want, not what you sort of want or temporarily want.

Go to to check out Rob Brezsny’s expanded weekly audio horoscopes /daily text message horoscopes. The audio horoscopes are also available by phone at 1-877-873-4888 or 1-900-950-7700.

O kg a z e t t e . c o m | J u ly 4 , 2 0 1 8


puzzles 1

New York Times Magazine Crossword Puzzle CREATURE FEATURE By Timothy Polin | Puzzles Edited by Will Shortz | 0701

93 Southern sandwich 94 Is there in spirit? ACROSS 96 Zen Buddhist goal 1 “Friendly” cartoon character 98 Makes fun of 7 Pro 99 Menace in 106-Down 14 Symbols in calculus 104 Bad-mouth 20 Simple kind of antenna 106 Add spice to 21 Expenditures’ counterpart 107 Metaphor for deliberate 22 Lacking a break ignorance 23 Add surreptitiously 109 Gobbled (down) 24 Worrisome sight for a 111 Seriously uptight swimmer 112 Fictional setting for 106-Down 25 With spite 115 “A ____ believes no one” (old 26 Some Houdini feats saying) 28 John of spy fiction 116 Pottery 30 Something extraordinary that 117 Caffè ____ won’t soon be forgotten 118 Justin Bieber or Justin 32 Some northern Europeans Timberlake 35 Bit of hydrotherapy 119 Concerning 38 Caffeinated drink with tapioca 120 Conventions: Abbr. balls 121 “There, there” 39 Doled (out) 122 Disgustingly obsequious 41 Opposite of colorblindness? 123 Class with drills 42 “____ Jacques” 43 Ones eligible for marathon DOWN prizes 1 Things investors take an 45 “Don’t bite the hand that feeds interest in? you,” e.g. 2 Suffer 46 Flight-board abbr. 3 106-Down director 47 Sinking feelings 4 Pink, e.g. 50 Mistrusts 5 Brought out 53 Mother or sister 6 Christen anew 54 Does more than ask 7 Tidiness 56 Dr. ____ Sattler, Jurassic 8 Proud, fiery types, they say Park paleobotanist 9 Save for later, in a way 57 Energy giant that fell into 10 Fathers or brothers ignominy in 2002 11 Santa ____ 58 Elevs. 12 No longer in force 59 Peevish quality 13 Gives meaning to 61 Get a new mortgage 14 Horn of Africa native 63 [Kiss] 15 Neon, e.g. 65 Powerful D.C. lobby 16 Transmission 68 Scylla or Charybdis 17 Like the menace in 106-Down 74 Speedy wide receiver, perhaps 18 Common knee injury site, 80 Skill briefly 81 [Fingers crossed] 19 Locale for a trough 82 Buzz out in space 27 Fairy-tale “lump” 83 And so on: Abbr. 29 Hack 84 Staff leader? 30 Hit BBC comedy, briefly 86 & 87 What might cost you an 31 Peter of The Maltese Falcon arm and a leg? 32 Handles deftly 88 Silver-tongued 33 Utmost degree 89 2004 also-ran 34 Farm machine 91 Martin who wrote The 36 Something to angle for Pregnant Widow 37 “In Dulci Jubilo” and others 92 Evening, in ads




















26 30









42 47


55 59 63





















79 83

87 91

96 99






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104 108














39 Modest skirts 40 Modern subject of FAA regulation 43 TV show with the season’s highest rating, often 44 “____ U.S.A.” (1963 hit) 48 Sports arbiter 49 Pixielike 51 Cabaret accessory 52 Country-music channel, once 55 Decorative pillowcase 58 Adjudicate, as a case 60 “This is looking bad” 62 Lyricist Sammy 63 Singer Haggard 64 Golfer’s obstacle 66 Ska-punk band with the 1997 song “Sell Out” 67 Sunning area 68 Ax

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69 Seasonal quaff 70 Small herrings 71 Is a crowd 72 Actor Morales 73 Deteriorates 74 Beginning 75 Precollege, for short 76 Text tweaks 77 Midcrisis hire, perhaps 78 Word with black or blood 79 Frozen-dessert chain 85 Leaves nervously exhausted 88 Thugs 90 Aromatic yellow citrus 93 Preppy wear 95 Himalayan native 97 Cheap and gaudy 98 Charged 99 Scrap 100 Actress Salma

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