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French Global Environment Facility

Annual Report 2007


Grey pelicans © J.F. Hellio & N. Van Ingen

Kaieteur National Falls Park, Guyana © Dominiek Plouvier-WWF Guianas

Bio-mass Power Thailande © Manelle Ait Sahlia

Contents 01 02

Introduction Guiding principles and objectives of the FGEF

Activities in 2007 and project review 1994-2007

34

Activity breakdown by focal area and geographical location, 1994-2007 Activity breakdown by promoting institution Project advancement Biodiversity - Project portfolio - Geographical distribution Climate Change - Project portfolio - Geographical distribution International Waters - Project portfolio - Geographical distribution Land degradation and persistent organic pollutants - Project portfolio - Geographical distribution Ozone layer - Application of the Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol - Review of projects financed by the Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol and managed by the FGEF Secretariat - Project portfolio

40

Capitalisation activities in 2007

40 40 41

- Project assessments completed or ongoing in 2007 - Capitalisation studies and seminars - Project assessment synopses and extracts

46

Communication activities in 2007

46 51

- Capitalisation studies and seminars, 2007 - Documentation and press articles

52

Appendices

05 06 07 07 07 13 22 22 24 27 27 28 30 30 31 32 32 33

52 55 55

FGEF management bodies - Steering Committee, Scientific and Technical Committee and Secretariat The project cycle Main acronyms


Introduction

007 was a flagship year for the French Global Environment Facility and its mission to promote innovation in addressing global environment issues and sustainability in developing countries.

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The FGEF finances projects or programmes that introduce innovative approaches and are reproducible on larger scales. With 29 new projects in 2007, the FGEF is effectively promoting a number of innovative topic areas : - the vulnerability of developing countries to climate change and their capacities for rising to the challenge, through three different operations in the Indian Ocean and Africa; reducing greenhouse gas emissions through energy efficiency in buildings, urban transport and renewable energy in the Maghreb, sub-Saharan Africa and certain Eastern European countries; capacity-building for public and private beneficiaries for Clean Development Mechanism processing purposes in Africa and CDM implementation in the forests of the Congo Basin;

- promotion of marine and inland protected areas and ecotourism in southeast Asia, Latin America and Africa in partnership with local stakeholders and government departments in France and other countries; forest conservation and eco-certified management. The FGEF has piloted discussions between international donors agencies on financing conservation and biodiversity through trust funds, from which the income covers all or some of the recurrent costs of protected areas.

A large number of projects cofinanced by the FGEF cut across different focal areas and are addressed through a multi-sector ecosystem approach. This is the case with the project for creating a bio-energy platform in India, involving both public and private stakeholders (Teri Group and French operators) and also with an exceptional operation – amongst those financed by bilateral agencies and the Multilateral Fund for the implementation of the Montreal Protocol – in six African countries, where the twofold aim is to address both climate change and stratospheric ozone depletion. These innovative projects are introducing new technologies that draw on French knowledge and know-how. The FGEF contributes to French international strategies and commitments for the global environment. The FGEF’s activities are helping to support French administrations in developing and implementing new concepts in the global environment field and in defining French strategies and positions in relation

to international bodies such as the Global Environment Facility, as shown by its active contributions to the Paris Conference entitled Citoyens de la Terre (“Citizenship of the Earth”), organised by the French President in February, to the meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol in September and to the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in Bali in December. The prizes awarded by the President of Costa Rica for a biodiversity project on Coco Island, and by the Canadian Minister for the Environment and the DirectorGeneral of the UNEP on the occasion of the 20th anniversary of the Montreal Protocol, as well as citations of the FGEF during the Grenelle Environment Forum, also bear witness to the relevance of its activities.

The FGEF is founded on an original system of governance The significant results achieved by the FGEF, despite its small size within the French cooperation and assistance system, have been made possible thanks to a system of governance based on three interacting units : The Steering Committee fosters synergies between different departments and institutions in specific highly motivating topic areas, and makes decisions with reference to the objectives and means set out in the strategic programming framework for 2007-2008. The Scientific and Technical Committee, made up of key dedicated high-level figures, guides and informs policy orientations towards genuinely innovative topic areas and development of the necessary methodologies. The Secretariat, which is based at the AFD, brings an efficient and flexible approach to bear on project implementation, applying international standards and strengthening capitalization activities.

With Sir Nicolas Stern’s report on the economics of climate change and the costs of inaction, the publication of the 4th IPCC report and the Grenelle Environment Forum, the year 2007 brought environmental topics firmly back on the agenda of debates on fundamental issues and development models. In this context and drawing on its 13 years of experience, the FGEF is helping to further knowledge and to implement innovative programmes and projects that can be reproduced on a larger scale to address global environment and sustainable development issues. Marc-Antoine MARTIN FGEF Secretary-General

1


Guiding principles and objectives of the FGEF

The overall objective of the FGEF is to encourage developing or transitional countries to adopt and implement sustainable development strategies, programmes and projects that are compatible with the long-term preservation of our planet's ecological equilibrium. Its specific objective is to contribute to financing, in the form of grants, of development projects that produce an enduring impact in addressing the following global environment issues : biodiversity, climate change, international waters, the ozone layer1, land degradation, including desertification and deforestation, persistent organic pollutants.

Children in Africa © Anna Gouin

The FGEF’s guiding principles are summarised in the following comments from the senior advisers who carried out the strategic assessment of the Facility in 2006 : « The FGEF has proved to be an original and effective instrument for international cooperation for development and the environment. It enables France to give emphasis to its own geographical priorities while ensuring consistency with the broader objectives assigned to the Global Environment Facility (GEF) and, more generally, with undertakings made in respect of international conventions on the environment. It also acts as a vehicle providing French stakeholders from the science, research, business and NGO communities with access to environmental forums and studies contributing to international debates in this area. Finally, French policy gives a high priority to approaches to global environment issues within the context of sustainable development. The FGEF uses a dynamic approach to encourage linkages between development and the environment. These linkages will be losing none of their relevance in the years to come ».

(1)

The FGEF acts : to strengthen the integration of global environment issues in projects for sustainable and equitable development, to support operations in the field in beneficiary countries, through an approach that emphasises learning and support to innovative or exemplary projects, on request from, and under the responsibility of, any of its five institutional members, under minority financing arrangements, as an additional mechanism within the French public aid system, under Official Development Assistance accounts.

• • • • • •

The FGEF’s resources have been replenished for the 4th time since 1994 with a budget allocation of 70.2 M€ for 2007-2010. FGEF subsidies amount to an average of 1.1 M€ per project, representing 18% of total project costs on average.

Projects relating to protection of the ozone layer are addressed under a specific procedure, which we will describe below.

2


he Global Environment Facility (GEF) is a multilateral fund which was officially launched in 1994. For the period from 2006 to 2010, a total of US$ 3.1 billion was awarded to replenish the fund, with France contributing 154 M€. The GEF is a financial mechanism used to implement international conventions (on biodiversity, climate change, desertification, and persistent organic pollutants).

In terms of activities, the two mechanisms differ in the following respects :

T

• The FGEF devotes over 50 % of its resources to SubSaharan Africa, as opposed to 20 % for the GEF; • The FGEF gives priority to economic and social development projects in beneficiary countries that include global environment components; the GEF may intervene in projects that focus purely on biodiversity protection and conservation or on research, but its doctrine has been evolving with a view to securing better integration of global environment protection and sustainable development issues. • The FGEF’s share in the total cost of projects is limited to 50%; there is no ceiling on GEF contributions.

The FGEF is a bilateral fund which was created in 1994 and operates with an endowment from the State budget. It is additional to the French contribution to the GEF. The FGEF does not call upon implementation agencies for its operations. Each project financed by the FGEF is submitted under the responsibility of one of the five institutions represented on its Steering Committee, as explained below.

Of the 172 projects identified as of 31 December 2007 by the FGEF, 38 also draw on GEF resources.

Like the GEF, the FGEF draws on the findings of a consultative scientific and technical committee.

A flowering Tabebuiaserratifolia tree © Dominiek Plouvier - WWF Guyana

3


Activities in 2007 and project review 1994-2007

Ecotourism in Madagascar – Whale-watching at Sainte-Marie © Megaptera

2007 was the first year of execution of the FGEF’s fourth 4-year budget period (2007–2010) and of the strategic programming framework for 2007–2008, which sets out guidelines, objectives by geographic region and focal area and the corresponding criteria, methods and means. The main results for 2007 in terms of financial and budgetary management are as follows : a continuing high level of commitment, with •17.5 M€ allocated to 15 projects, mainly in Africa and the Mediterranean, strengthened capitalisation and communication activities, an improvement in disbursements, which is fully in line with the objectives of the strategic programming framework for 2007-2008.

• •

Average annual commitments for the past three years (2005-2006-2007) amount to 18.21 M€, with 16 projects launched. Average grants earmarked for identified projects in the last three years (2005-2006-2007) amount to 14.67 M€, with 15 projects identified. By the end of 2007, the FGEF’s geographical objectives as set out for 2007-2008 had been achieved. Activities in the area of climate change exceeded the objectives

4

set. In 2008, commitments will need to be balanced out towards biodiversity. The accounting and financial audit conducted prior to the replenishment of resources in 2006 had recommended the implementation of cash flow management planning in addition to accounting and budget monitoring. This was done at the end of 2006, enabling cash flow requirements to be monitored more closely in 2007. The ratio of commitments over the bilateral share of the Montreal Protocol Multilateral Fund increased slightly from 2006 to 2007, with one project in India and four in Africa. Among the latter, a flagship project covering six countries is simultaneously addressing ozone depletion (Montreal Protocol) and climate change (Kyoto Protocol). From 1994 to 2207, the FGEF began or completed processing of 172 projects altogether, amounting to a total potential commitment of 190.15 M€. Of these projects, 161 have been appraised and launched, representing a total commitment of 177.37 M€. The consolidated report on activities from 1994 to the end of 2007 is given in the following sections.


Activtiy breakdown by focal area and geographical location, 1994-2007

The projects were distributed as follows : NUMBER OF PROJECTS

AMOUNT FOR IDENTIFIED PROJECTS IN €

%

STRATEGIC PROGRAMMING FRAMEWORK OBJECTIVES 2007-2008

Biodiversity

95

93 560 648

49%

35% - 50%

Climate change

43

53 875 519

28%

27% - 37%

International waters

23

26 389 786

14%

10% - 20%

POP Land degradation

11

16 321 551

9%

8% - 15%

TOTAL

172

190 147 504

100%

100%

COUNTRY / REGION

NUMBER OF PROJECTS

AMOUNT FOR IDENTIFIED PROJECTS IN €

%

STRATEGIC PROGRAMMING FRAMEWORK OBJECTIVES 2007-2008

Sub-Saharan Africa + Mediterranean

110

121 520 708

64%

65%

Other regions

62

68 626 796

36%

35%

TOTAL

172

190 147 504

100%

100%

Sémidjans – Dantopka Market, Cotonou © Claire Simonneau – AFD 2007

FOCAL AREA

OBJECTIVES BY REGION

64%

36%

Africa + Mediterranean Other regions

5


Activities in 2007 and project review 1994-2007

ACTIVITY BREAKDOWN BY PROMOTING INSTITUTION The 172 projects identified were distributed as follows : PROMOTING INSTITUTION

NUMBER OF PROJECTS

AMOUNT FOR IDENTIFIED PROJECTS IN €

%

MAEE

65

68 761 788

36%

AFD

53

57 473 368

30%

MEDAD

27

30 021 008

16%

Multiple, including KfW

14

18 808 517

10%

MINEFE

8

9 896 311

5%

MESR

5

5 186 512

3%

TOTAL

172

190 147 504

100%

NUMBER OF PROJECTS 70

65

60 53

50 40 27

30 20

14 8

10

5

0 MAEE

AFD

Cameroon project – a Sapelli tree © Max Hurdebourcq – 2008

6

MEDAD

Multiple, including KfW

MINEFE

MESR


PROJECT ADVANCEMENT The 172 projects identified have reached the following stages in processing (in number of projects) : FOCAL AREA

NUMBER OF PROJECTS IDENTIFIED

NUMBER OF PROJECTS COMMITMENTS

NUMBER OF PROJECTS WITH SIGNED AGREEMENTS

Biodiversity

95

94

144

Climate change

43

36

48

International waters

23

22

26

POP Land degradation

11

9

8

TOTAL

172

161

226

The total by line may not agree with the total project commitment as some projects are covered by more than one financing agreement.

BIODIVERSITY Project portfolio

A giraffe and her calf © Emmanuel Debroise – 2008

The biodiversity portfolio contains 95 projects representing 93.56 M€, including 92.68 M€ for 94 projects already launched. The table below gives the list of projects after identification. Projects identified in 2007 are shown in bold.

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Activities in 2007 and project review 1994-2007 Biodiversity PROJECTS PROJECTS IDENTIFICATION COMMITMENT DATE DATE

PROJECT TITLE

COUNTRY

AMOUNT FOR IDENTIFIED PROJECTS (€)

PROMOTING INSTITUTION

21/10/1994

07/07/1995

Déforestation tropicale par agriculture itinérante sur brûlis

Ceinture tropicale

152 449

MAEE

21/10/1994

07/07/1995

Gestion & préservation de l'écosystème du banc d'Arguin

Mauritanie

671 843

MAEE

21/10/1994

15/04/1996

Unité de conservation d'Arly

Burkina Faso

378 378

AFD

21/10/1994

15/04/1996

Réhabilitation et valorisation du parc national du Niokolo Koba

Sénégal

686 021

MAEE

15/03/1995

22/11/1995

Maintien biodiversité après éradication tsé-tsé

Zimbabwe

766 819

MAEE

07/07/1995

20/09/1996

Biodivalor - appui à la valorisation durable des forêts tropicales

Gabon

450 792

MAEE

07/07/1995

20/12/1996

Terroirs villageois de Kouré et du Dallol Bosso

Niger

304 898

AFD

07/07/1995

01/04/1997

Protection de la biodiversité dans le bas delta mauritanien

Mauritanie

609 796

AFD

07/07/1995

09/11/1999

Aménagement forestier durable

Gabon

954 598

AFD-MAEE

15/04/1996

20/09/1996

Protection et gestion des espaces naturels terrestres et marins

Mayotte

495 459

AFD

01/04/1997

06/05/1998

Gestion de l'information environnementale dans le bassin du Congo

Afrique / Régional

762 245

MAEE

01/04/1997

29/06/2000

Projets pilotes de protection & valorisation de la biodiversité dans le cadre du PAE

Madagascar

1 326 306

MAEE

30/09/1997

22/12/1997

Gestion des sites Ramsar, par des actions d'échanges techniques innovants

Afrique / Régional

381 123

MEDAD

30/09/1997

06/05/1998

Conservation de la biodiversité de la Péninsule du Cap

Afrique du Sud

914 694

AFD

30/09/1997

18/02/1999

Restauration des écosystèmes du Parc national Elizabeth et du Lac George

Ouganda

1 158 613

MESR

06/05/1998

18/02/1999

Gestion environnementale dans les zones de concentration de populations réfugiées

Afrique / Régional

701 265

MAEE

29/09/1998

17/06/1999

Appui aux unités de conservation de la faune

Burkina Faso

762 245

AFD

18/02/1999

17/06/1999

Maintien de la biodiversité dans la vallée du Zambèze

Zimbabwe

435 000

MAEE

18/02/1999

12/09/2000

Préservation et gestion des aires protégées de la Pendjari

Bénin

1 100 000

AFD

09/11/1999

26/03/2001

Observatoire de la Guinée maritime

Guinée

1 300 000

AFD

09/11/1999

26/03/2001

Préservation des ressources halieutiques par les communautés de pêcheurs

Sénégal

900 000

AFD

07/03/2000

26/03/2001

Interactions entre élevage et faune sauvage autour des aires protégées

Tchad

770 000

MAEE

07/03/2000

07/07/2004

Conservation de la biodiversité dans les parcs nationaux du Faro et de Bouba N'Djida

Cameroun

1 500 000

AFD

27/11/2000

06/07/2001

Agrobiodiversité du sorgho

Burkina Faso / Mali

1 300 000

MESR

27/11/2000

06/07/2001

Gestion durable de la pêche crevettière

Madagascar

1 056 000

AFD

27/11/2000

29/03/2002

Antilopes sahélo-sahariennes

Afrique / Régional

1 385 000

MEDAD

…Table continued on right-hand page

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Biodiversity PROJECTS PROJECTS IDENTIFICATION COMMITMENT DATE DATE

PROJECT TITLE

COUNTRY

AMOUNT FOR IDENTIFIED PROJECTS (€)

PROMOTING INSTITUTION

26/03/2001

30/11/2001

Plateau Mahafaly

Madagascar

900 000

AFD

26/03/2001

29/03/2002

Développement du tourisme de nature en Afrique centrale (ECOFAC)

Afrique / Régional

939 000

AFD

26/03/2001

30/04/2003

Gestion des terroirs de chasse

Centrafrique

1 000 000

MAEE

06/07/2001

30/11/2001

Réhabilitation de l'aire protégée de Méru

Kenya

1 860 000

AFD

24/05/2002

26/03/2004

Jardins éthiopiens

Ethiopie

1 230 000

MAEE

15/11/2002

30/04/2003

Aménagement de la Congolaise CIB

Congo

873 000

AFD

15/11/2002

26/03/2004

Réseau des "Conservatoires"

Namibie

1 400 000

MAEE

15/11/2002

26/03/2004

Conservation et valorisation de la biodiversité et des éléphants du Gourma

Mali

1 560 000

MAEE

15/11/2002

30/04/2003

Parc marin de Mnazi Bay

Tanzanie

630 000

MAEE

04/07/2003

27/10/2004

Réhabilitation des écosystèmes insulaires

Seychelles

460 000

MAEE

27/11/2003

30/03/2005

Conservation de la nature et développement communautaire et touristique dans le Kalahari

Botswana

935 000

MEDAD

27/11/2003

26/03/2004

Développement du Parc national de Quirimbas

Mozambique

700 000

AFD

26/03/2004

05/07/2005

Fondation pour les aires protégées et la biodiversité : contribution au capital

Madagascar

1 000 000

AFD

26/03/2004

27/10/2004

Bio-Hub - Gestion durable et communautaire de la biodiversité et des ressources naturelles

Afrique / Régional

500 000

MAEE

07/07/2004

25/11/2005

Gestion de la biodiversité en périphérie des grands parcs nationaux du bassin du Congo

Afrique / Régional

2 500 000

MAEE

27/10/2004

05/07/2006

Conservation de la biodiversité autour du Parc national de Sapo

Libéria

830 000

MAEE

27/10/2004

30/03/2005

Programme de Petites Initiatives 1ère tranche

Afrique / Régional

1 200 000

MAEE-MEDAD

27/10/2004

30/03/2005

Réseau d'aires marines protégées des pays de l'Océan indien

Afrique / Régional

700 000

MAEE

30/03/2005

25/11/2005

Projet pilote bio culturel d'Antrema

Madagascar

320 000

MAEE

30/03/2005

25/11/2005

Gestion communautaire de la biodiversité autour des aires protégées

Ghana

1 200 000

MAEE

25/11/2005

05/07/2006

Conservation de la biodiversité et développement du secteur protégé de la réserve forestière de Lomako

Congo (République démocratique)

781 000

MAEE

30/03/2006

05/07/2006

Protection de la forêt humide de Gola

Sierra Leone

1 186 000

MAEE

05/07/2006

05/07/2006

Programme de Petites Initiatives 2ème tranche

Afrique / Régional

1 000 000

MAEE-MEDAD

05/07/2006

18/12/2006

Extension aux petits permis forestiers de la dynamique d'aménagement durable

Gabon

2 000 000

AFD

05/07/2006

30/03/2007

Efficacité de la gestion des aires protégées en Afrique de l'Ouest

Afrique / Régional

990 000

MAEE

18/12/2006

06/07/2007

Gestion durable des forêts communales

Cameroun

1 300 000

MAEE

30/03/2007

30/11/2007

Parc national d'Addo Elephant

Afrique du Sud

984 000

AFD

Conservation de la biodiversité et certification du bois de deux forêts classées

Côte d'Ivoire

877 000

MAEE

30/11/2007

TOTAL AFRICA ( 54 PROJECTS )

51 078 544

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Activities in 2007 and project review 1994-2007 Biodiversity PROJECTS PROJECTS IDENTIFICATION COMMITMENT DATE DATE

PROJECT TITLE

COUNTRY

AMOUNT FOR IDENTIFIED PROJECTS (€)

PROMOTING INSTITUTION

15/03/1995

07/07/1995

Protection & valorisation des récifs coralliens (Petites Antilles)

Sainte-Lucie

240 778

MAEE

15/03/1995

07/07/1995

Protection & valorisation des récifs coralliens (Petites Antilles)

St Vincent & Grenadines

107 477

MAEE

15/03/1995

07/07/1995

Protection & valorisation des récifs coralliens (Petites Antilles)

Grenade

147 052

MAEE

07/07/1995

01/04/1997

Développement communautaire & conservation de la Mata Atlantica (région d'Iguape)

Brésil

312 520

MEDAD

22/11/1995

15/04/1996

Conservatoire ethnobotanique OMAERE

Equateur

126 738

MAEE

15/04/1996

20/09/1996

Contribution à la prise en compte de l'environnement dans la prospection pétrolière

Bolivie

112 218

MAEE

20/09/1996

20/12/1996

"Projets démonstratifs" du programme de protection des forêts tropicales

Brésil

1 524 490

MAEE

22/12/1997

06/05/1998

Forêt naturelle tempérée chilienne

Chili

751 269

MAEE

06/05/1998

18/02/1999

Conservation de la biodiversité de la Sierra Nevada

Colombie

988 784

MAEE

29/09/1998

18/02/1999

Haut bassin du Rio Jejui et réserve naturelle de Mbaracayu

Paraguay

1 141 301

MINEFE

18/02/1999

29/06/2000

"Parc naturel régional" au développement durable des provinces Carrera et Capitan Prat

Chili

1 000 000

MEDAD

29/06/2000

26/03/2001

Actions pilotes de valorisation de la biodiversité dans le Pantanal du Rio Negro

Brésil

980 000

MAEE

29/06/2000

30/11/2001

Conservation et valorisation de la biodiversité dans l'Etat d'Amapa

Brésil

1 140 000

MEDAD

26/03/2001

06/07/2001

Couloir biologique parcs Puracé et Cueva los Guacharos

Colombie

1 600 000

MAEE

26/03/2001

30/11/2001

Utilisation durable des ressources forestières des Guyanes

AL / Régional

1 620 000

MEDAD

26/03/2001

30/11/2001

Gestion durable des ressources naturelles avec communautés indigènes Mapuches

Chili

1 695 000

MAEE

06/07/2001

29/03/2002

Renforcement du système national d'aires protégées

Cuba

1 500 000

MAEE

06/07/2001

15/11/2002

Conservation et développement des forêts subtropicales de montagne (Couloir écologique du Haut Bermejo)

Argentine

1 000 000

MAEE

30/11/2001

15/11/2002

Conservation et valorisation de la biodiversité végétale en zones tropicales du Chaparé - BIODESA

Bolivie

450 000

MESR

30/11/2001

04/07/2003

Protection de la biodiversité de l'aire de conservation marine de l'Ile Coco

Costa Rica

1 065 000

MEDAD

…Table continued on right-hand page

An iguana © Dominiek Plouvier – WWF Guyanas

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Biodiversity PROJECTS PROJECTS IDENTIFICATION COMMITMENT DATE DATE

PROJECT TITLE

COUNTRY

AMOUNT FOR IDENTIFIED PROJECTS (€)

PROMOTING INSTITUTION

30/04/2003

27/11/2003

Appui aux communautés indigènes dans le Parc national de Canaïma

Venezuela

470 000

MEDAD

04/07/2003

26/03/2004

Aires protégées et partage des avantages dans les états de la Caraïbe orientale

Antilles orientales

1 372 000

MAEE

26/03/2004

07/07/2004

Gestion intégrée des aires protégées de la région caraïbe du Guatemala

Guatemala

800 000

MAEE

26/03/2004

05/07/2005

Gestion durable des ressources forestières en Amazonie

Brésil

1 380 000

MAEE

27/10/2004

30/03/2005

Conservation et utilisation durables des récifs coralliens de l'écorégion mésoaméricaine

Guatemala / Honduras

750 000

MAEE

18/12/2006

30/11/2007

Développement du système national des aires protégées uruguayen

Uruguay

1 000 000

MEDAD

30/03/2007

30/11/2007

Biodiversité et gestion durable des forêts du plateau des Guyanes

Guyanes

1 300 000

MEDAD

TOTAL LATIN AMERICA ( 25 PROJECTS )

Lao Cai paddy fields project © Ghislain Rieb – FGEF

24 574 628

PROJECTS PROJECTS IDENTIFICATION COMMITMENT DATE DATE

PROJECT TITLE

COUNTRY

AMOUNT FOR IDENTIFIED PROJECTS (€)

PROMOTING INSTITUTION

21/10/1994

07/07/1995

Conservation de la biodiversité des forêts des ghâts occidentaux

Inde

125 466

MAEE

26/03/2001

29/03/2002

Réserve des bovidés sauvages

Vietnam

1 049 000

MAEE

24/05/2002

07/07/2004

Maintien et préservation des hydro systèmes urbains en milieu tropical

Laos

600 000

AFD

04/07/2003

07/07/2004

Préservation et utilisation de l'agrobiodiversité des plantes racines & tubercules

Vanuatu

677 000

MAEE

26/03/2004

07/07/2004

Contribution à l'initiative régionale pour la protection des récifs coralliens dans le Pacifique Sud

Pacifique Sud

2 000 000

AFD-MAEE

30/03/2005

05/07/2006

Réseau des aires marines protégées et tourisme durable sur la côte Andaman

Thaïlande

1 000 000

AFD

30/03/2005

05/07/2005

Conservation de l'écosystème des Cardamomes

Cambodge

840 000

AFD

30/03/2007

30/11/2007

Développement de l'écotourisme et protection de la biodiversité dans la province de Lao Caï

Vietnam

890 000

AFD

TOTAL ASIA & PACIFIC ( 8 PROJECTS )

11

7 181 466


Activities in 2007 and project review 1994-2007 Biodiversity PROJECTS PROJECTS IDENTIFICATION COMMITMENT DATE DATE

PROJECT TITLE

COUNTRY

AMOUNT FOR IDENTIFIED PROJECTS (€)

PROMOTING INSTITUTION

15/04/1996

20/12/1996

Protection & valorisation des écosystèmes en dobroudja bulgare

Bulgarie

286 604

MAEE-MEDAD

29/06/2000

30/11/2001

Gestion et aménagement d'une forêt communale pilote

Géorgie

1 200 000

KFW

27/11/2000

06/07/2001

Réseau de fondations pour la biodiversité

Hongrie

1 106 000

MEDAD

TOTAL EASTERN EUROPE ( 3 PROJECTS )

2 592 604

Gold Creek – illegal gold panning in Guyana © Dominiek Plouvier – WWF Guyanas

PROJECTS PROJECTS IDENTIFICATION COMMITMENT DATE DATE

PROJECT TITLE

COUNTRY

AMOUNT FOR IDENTIFIED PROJECTS (€)

PROMOTING INSTITUTION

15/03/1995

22/12/1997

Conservation d'espaces naturels littoraux dans le bassin méditerranéen

Liban

461 669

MEDAD

15/03/1995

22/12/1997

Conservation d'espaces naturels littoraux dans le bassin méditerranéen

Maroc

607 471

MEDAD

15/03/1995

22/12/1997

Conservation d'espaces naturels littoraux dans le bassin méditerranéen

Tunisie

609 796

MEDAD

15/03/1995

22/12/1997

Conservation d'espaces naturels littoraux dans le bassin méditerranéen (suivi-évaluation)

Maghreb / Régional

91 469

MEDAD

29/09/1998

07/03/2000

Gestion du parc naturel d'Ifrane et de ses zones périforestières

Maroc

2 288 000

AFD

27/11/2000

15/11/2002

Aires protégées marines et côtières

Tunisie

1 475 000

MEDAD

27/11/2004

05/07/2005

Développement du Commissariat national du littoral algérien

Algérie

1 200 000

MEDAD

05/07/2005

25/11/2005

Appui aux réserves naturelles libanaises

Liban

1 400 000

AFD

TOTAL MEDITERRANEAN ( 5 PROJECTS ) NB: The 4 projects entitled “Conservation d’espaces naturels littoraux dans le basin méditerranéen” (Conservation of natural coastal areas in the Mediterranean Basin) are counted as a single project.

12

8 133 406


GEOGRAPHICAL DISTRIBUTION COUNTRY / REGION

NUMBER OF PROJECTS

AMOUNT FOR IDENTIFIED PROJECTS IN €

%

Sub-Saharan Africa + Mediterranean

59

59 211 950

63%

Latin America

25

24 574 628

26%

Asia - Pacific

8

7 181 466

8%

Eastern Europe

3

2 592 604

3%

TOTAL

95

93 560 648

100%

8% 26%

3%

Sub-Saharan Africa + Mediterranean Latin America

63%

Asia - Pacific Eastern Europe

CAMEROON : municipal forests support programme Amount : 13 M€ including FGEF contribution of 1.3 M€ Beneficiary : association of forest municipalities The aim of this programme is to promote protection and sustainable management of Cameroon’s forests by accompanying the process of State decentralisation in order to strengthen the network of community forests. The priority is to establish an organised network of municipal forests led by trained and motivated mayors, to support them in their applications for listing their forests and in the subsequent introduction of forest management plans designed to ensure sustainability, local development and sources of local employment. To achieve these objectives, the programme is acting simultaneously at institutional level (Ministry for Forests and public funds for rural development assistance), municipal level (training for mayors, vocational forestry training for young people, establishment of municipal forest management committees), in the business sector (contractual agreements with municipal authorities) and in the timber sector (organisation of a regional market, establishment of inter-municipal marketing bodies...) Checking for minimum felling diameter © Max Hurdebourcq

13


An elephant in the Addo project zone © Ghislain Rieb

Activities in 2007 and project review 1994-2007

SOUTH AFRICA : extension of the Addo Elephant National Park Amount : 24.8 M€ including FGEF contribution of 0.98 M€ Beneficiary : South African National Parks The FGEF is supporting the extension of the Addo Elephant National Park in South Africa’s Eastern Cape Province. The Park is set to become the third largest in the country and aims to protect an outstanding range of biodiversity while fostering local socio-economic development through tourism.

Eastern Cape Province is one of the poorest in South Africa. Since its agricultural sector went into decline in the late 1990s, it has developed into a centre for alternative activities based on wild fauna management (ranching, hunting and wildlife tourism). This is the context in which the State decided to create the Addo Elephant National Park. Once extended from the coast to the mountains inland, the initial 2 200 hectare park created in 1931 will eventually cover more than 400 000 hectares. The South African State is covering

14

70% of the funding requirement, with the remainder provided by international partners. FGEF contribution is aiming to establish innovative partnerships between the Park, private landowners and local communities, develop a Marine Protected Area, support local communities in the zone, foster the emergence of local SMEs and enhance the value of local cultural traditions. The project’s economic impact is considerable, with 1 228 ecotourism-related jobs already created. Each additional 15 000-hectare land parcel incorporated into the Park creates 40 new jobs.


AFRICA / REGIONAL : efficient protected area management in West Africa Amount : 2.65 M€ including FGEF contribution of 0.99 M€ Beneficiary : IUCN

• to establish a simple and transparent system to monitor and assess management effectiveness in all protected area categories, • to conduct a significant number of assessments, distribute their results and identify exemplary pilot sites, • to strengthen the knowledge required in these sites for their management, and to develop innovative solutions to address the challenges identified,

• to offer training programmes designed to address emerging issues, in the form of targeted modules and a regional Master’s degree. Since its launch, the programme has trained some thirty “counterpart” agents in the region who have conducted several assessments of management systems and parks, including in Côte d’Ivoire, Mauritania, Mali, Guinea-Bissau and Togo. The resulting recommendations are being applied to establish management priorities for the implementation of the Biodiversity Convention’s work programme for protected areas, which is financed by UNEP and the GEF. The programme is also about to launch a Master’s degree course in protected area management, which will begin in the autumn of 2008. The course will be implemented by three institutions which are already partners in the programme, the International Institute for

H y d ra u l i c a n d E n v i r o n m e n t a l Engineering, the University of Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso) and the University of Abobo-Adjamé (Côte d’Ivoire). The programme is also running training courses that are seen as a priority in view of assessment results (capacity-building for women to take part in the consultation process on protected areas, information on access to finance for conservation projects and courses focusing on Park monitoring tools, such as UNESCO’s “Enhancing our Heritage”). Finally, the programme is supporting studies to further knowledge on protected areas and management methods, in liaison with research centres. All the resulting output is available on line at www.papaco.org. Programme advancement is reviewed in a monthly newsletter. (To subscribe, contact uicn@papaco.org)

White pelicans in Djoudj National Park © Geoffroy Mauvais

The “West Africa Protected Areas” programme is cofinanced by the FGEF, the International Foundation for the Banc d’Arguin, UNESCO and the IUCN. It was launched in October 2007 and is aiming to promote biodiversity conservation by improving protected area management methods in the subregion. The project is being implemented under the IUCN’s programme for protected areas in West and Central Africa based in Ouagadougou, and has four main objectives :

15


Activities in 2007 and project review 1994-2007

SMALL-SCALE INITIATIVES PROGRAMME FGEF contribution : 2.2 M€ Beneficiary : NGOs in countries of the South The Small-Scale Initiatives programme reached full maturity in 2007. This programme aims to foster the involvement of civil societies of the South in tackling biodiversity protection, climate change and persistent organic pollution, by financing small-scale projects implemented by local NGOs, stakeholders, authorities and communities. The FGEF’s last three calls for proposals in 2007 received 102 project submissions. The Steering Committee selected 21 of these to receive total grant financing of 686 000 € towards their total cost of 1 550 000 €. In 30 months, including the last call for proposals issued in March 2008, the programme will have committed the entire amount of available funds, a total of 1.9 M€ representing an average grant of 34 000 € for each of

Congo – Rénatura project – turtle study and protection © Rénatura

16

the 56 projects selected. This represents an FGEF financing rate of 38%, an improvement of the objective of 50%. Initial supervisory activities in the field carried out by the IUCN, which is responsible for technical monitoring of the projects in liaison with embassies and AFD agencies, have indicated high rates of achievement towards project goals, in terms of results in the field, local NGO capacity-building, economic results, demonstrative effects and reproducibility, as well as favourable results from the ensuing communication activities in terms of the funding amounts committed. An external evaluation is to be launched in 2008 to check the initial appraisal and supply the FGEF Steering Committee with a basis for discussions as to further action to be taken on this programme.


Small-scale initiatives programme COUNTRY

BENEFICIARY

PROJECT TITLE

TOTAL AMOUNT IN €

FGEF GRANT IN €

Bénin

FAT

Aménagement et gestion traditionnelle de la galerie forestière de Adjiro

80 000

45 000

Burkina Faso

Naturama

Gestion participative de la mare d'Oursi

108 000

30 000

Gabon

Ibonga

Education et interprétation touristique dans les aires protégées de Gamba

100 000

50 000

Gabon

Maison du Tourisme et de la Nature

Musée du Haut Ogooué

30 000

15 000

Laos

Elephantasia

Conservation de l'éléphant

184 000

50 000

Madagascar

APMM

Corridor biologique entre les parcs nationaux de Ranomafana et Andringitra

60 000

30 000

Madagascar

Fanamby

Aire protégée du territoire Loky Manambato

70 200

35 000

Madagascar

GEVALOR

Valorisation des déchets de Mahajanga

225 000

50 000

Mauritanie

UICN Mauritanie / Commune Ouadane

Aire saharienne protégée communautaire dans la commune de Ouadane

120 000

50 000

TOTAL : 9

Commitment as of November 2005

977 200

355 000

COUNTRY

BENEFICIARY

PROJECT TITLE

TOTAL AMOUNT IN €

FGEF GRANT IN €

Bénin

ABPEE

Mise au point d'une trousse à outils de gestion environnementale

60 000

10 000

Bénin

AVPN

Création d'un espace transfrontalier de conservation des hippopotames

131 049

39 000

Comores

FADESIM

Ecotourisme de Mohéli et associations environnementales

60 500

49 000

Congo

RENATURA Congo

Etude et sauvegarde des tortues marines

106 145

40 000

Congo

HELP

Programme d'éducation à l'environnement

142 500

30 000

Gabon

ASF

Réduction pressions anthropiques sur les tortues luths à Pongara

69 892

40 000

Gabon

Gabon Environnement

Ecotourisme et protection des tortues marines à Mayumba

71 651

40 000

Madagascar

APA / WCS

Réserve marine et gestion des ressources halieutiques

130 000

50 000

Madagascar

L'Homme et l'Environnement

Valorisation de la biodiversité par la vente de produits au secteur privé international

100 000

30 000

Maroc

ECODEL

Maîtrise de la consommation d'énergie dans les ménages de la ville de Larache

90 071

25 000

Pacifique, Nouvelle-Calédonie

Opération Cétacés

Conservation des baleines à bosse

130 073

37 000

République Centrafrique

RICAGIRN FB

Création d’une zone villageoise de chasse

66 666

40 000

Sénégal

Noé Conservation / Océanium

Protection et étude des lamantins sur le fleuve Sénégal

59 000

20 000

TOTAL : 13

Commitment as of March 2006

1 217 547

450 000

17


Activities in 2007 and project review 1994-2007 Small-scale initiatives programme BENEFICIARY

PROJECT TITLE

TOTAL AMOUNT IN €

FGEF GRANT IN €

Bénin

AFEL

Préservation de la mangrove de la lagune côtière du Sud Bénin

36 000

18 000

Congo Brazzaville

CFC

Réserve de chasse communautaire d'Ibolo-Koundoumou

97 079

38 285

Madagascar

Megaptera

Ecotourisme baleinier à Sainte Marie

70 576

50 000

République Centrafricaine

APFC / IGF

Gestion de la faune des Zones Cynégétiques Villageoises (ZCV)

301 000

48 300

TOTAL : 4

Commitment as of December 2006

504 655

154 585

COUNTRY

BENEFICIARY

PROJECT TITLE

TOTAL AMOUNT IN €

FGEF GRANT IN €

Bénin

CERGET

Conservation et valorisation des forêts de Kpinkonzoumé et de Houanvè

32 993

21 000

Bénin

EcoBénin

Ecotourisme autour du Lac Ahémé

57 147

42 200

Burkina Faso

OND

Réserve naturelle communautaire de gestion de la faune sauvage

112 598

31 400

Colombie

Tchendukua Ici et Ailleurs

Récupération foncière et préservation biodiversité dans la Sierra Nevada

221 000

50 000

Gabon

CADDE

Conservation de la mangrove d'Akanda

41 415

31 000

Mozambique

Cabo Delgado

Gestion durable du conflit hommes-éléphants

174 200

50 000

Sao Tomé

Monte Pico

Valorisation du jardin botanique de Bom Sucesso

45 810

32 600

Sénégal

Wetland International Sénégal

Gestion de l'aire du patrimoine régional des Trois Marigots

113 890

50 000

TOTAL : 8

Commitment as of March 2007

799 053

308 200

Ecotourism in Madagascar – whale-watching, Sainte-Marie 2 © Megaptera

COUNTRY

18


Niger – APHNB-Noé Conservation Creation of a protected area for hippopotami © Emmanuel Debroise

Small-scale initiatives programme COUNTRY

BENEFICIARY

PROJECT TITLE

TOTAL AMOUNT IN €

FGEF GRANT IN €

Bénin

CREDI

Protection d'une zone humide et de l'antilope sitatunga

78 989

28 100

Bénin

UNSO

Recyclage de pneus usagés

16 518

12 400

Burkina Faso

ATTPH / GERES

Appui aux tradipraticiens de l’ATTPH pour la protection d’espèces médicinales menacées

42 305

20 100

Burkina Faso

CDPF

Réintroduction et élevage de l'autruche ouest-africain

95 786

50 000

Gabon

PROGRAM

Ecotourisme communautaire dans le village de Doussala

66 084

47 700

Gabon

Maison du Tourisme et de la Nature

Aménagement d'un écomusée pour les enfants

19 060

15 000

Gabon

Les Amis du Pangolin

Formation des jeunes à la protection des ressources naturelles

12 883

10 000

Madagascar

2HY-FAIRE LIEN

Ateliers de théâtre pour sensibiliser à la protection de l'environnement

66 000

21 600

Niger

APHN - Noé Conservation

Création d'une aire protégée pour la conservation de l'hippopotame

77 000

50 000

Sao Tomé

MARAPA

Bonnes pratiques de pêche responsable

30 798

23 100

TOTAL : 10

Commitment as of July 2007

505 423

278 000

Benin – Ecobénin Ecotourism around Lake Ahémé © Anna Gouin

COUNTRY

BENEFICIARY

PROJECT TITLE

TOTAL AMOUNT IN €

FGEF GRANT IN €

Algérie

ASJDN

Réserve forestière en zone steppique

50 000

37 500

Gabon

Mogheso

Tourisme communautaire dans le Parc National de la Lopé

58 550

30 000

Sénégal

SANTORUN

Jardin botanique de plantes médicinales

47 640

33 000

TOTAL : 3

Commitment as of November 2007

156 190

100 500

4 160 068

1 646 285

TOTAL PROGRAMME PPI

19


Activities in 2007 and project review 1994-2007

BENIN : development under traditional management of the Adjiro gallery forest Amount : 80.000 € including FGEF contribution of : 45.000 € Beneficiary : Tobé honey farm and Aguechab-Ayede Association

Customary associations in the villages surrounding the forest of Adjiro (8 000 ha) in central Benin have formed a group under the authority of the Banté King with the hunters’ brotherhood and the voodoo priests to establish new rules for protecting, monitoring and managing wildlife and natural resources. The project that began in July 2006 reached completion in December 2007 : • a management contract was signed between the Banté Royal Palace, traditional healers, hunters and villages and certified by the Water and Forests Department, in order to protect and manage forest lands under the responsibility of the traditional hunters;

• a watering-hole for livestock was created outside the forest as well as a 22 km track around its perimeter for monitoring purposes. 350 beehives were installed for 90 families in compensation for losses of forest produce. This project illustrates the potential role of African social, religious and cultural traditions in protecting the environment and natural resources. The experiment is to be extended to an adjacent 6 000 hectare forest under a new project, which has been accepted as part of the Small-Scale Initiatives programme.

Benin – Fat – Beehives – Development and traditional management of the Adjiro gallery forest © Anna Gouin

20


Madagascar – Gevalor – Preparing compost heaps © Gevalor

MADAGASCAR : recycling household waste in the city of Mahajanga Amount : 250.000 € including FGEF contribution of 50.000 € Beneficiary : Gevalor, in partnership with the Mahajanga Urban Community The objective of this project is to improve domestic waste management in Mahajanga (250 000 inhabitants) and compost it down into agricultural fertiliser. The project began in 2006, and is focusing on : • support to the organisation of waste collection by the municipality, • studies on waste materials, compost produced and market outlets, and on possibilities for trade in credits for CO2 emissions avoided by producing the compost, • establishment of an experimental composting plant, • trading compost and carbon. The waste dump’s recurrent costs are to be covered by : • sales of compost, • trade in carbon credits, • remuneration by the municipality of waste sorting services undertaken to produce the compost.

By the end of 2007, Gevalor had reached its objectives : The landfill site had been redeveloped, with partial mechanisation producing 50 tonnes of compost per month (600 tonnes per year), and a permanent workforce of 25 people treating 5% of the city’s waste production. The production costs of the compost, at about 50 € per tonne, are covered almost entirely by compost sales at 16 € per tonne, and by sales of carbon credits to the Good Planet.org association at 12.75 € per tonne of carbon, or 32 € per tonne of compost. A “CDM project description” file complying with the approved methodology for small-scale projects under the Climate Convention is being produced in agreement with the Malagasy government as the first of its kind in the country. Gevalor and the municipality of Mahajanga will now need to upscale their collection activities in order to handle all of the city’s waste.

21


Activities in 2007 and project review 1994-2007

CLIMATE CHANGE Project portfolio The “Climate Change” project portfolio contains 43 projects representing 53.88 M€, including 45.98 M€ for 36 projects already launched. The table below gives the list of projects after identification. Projects identified in 2007 are shown in bold. PROJECTS PROJECTS IDENTIFICATION COMMITMENT DATE DATE

PROJECT TITLE

COUNTRY

AMOUNT FOR IDENTIFIED PROJECTS IN €

PROMOTING INSTITUTION

Gestion villageoise des massifs forestiers

Mali

762 245

AFD-MAEE

Burkina Faso

220 000

AFD

07/07/1995

20/12/1996

22/11/1995

17/06/1999 L’insertion de la composante électrification décentralisée

01/04/1997

30/09/1997

Projet Alizés électrification rurale

Mauritanie

762 245

AFD

01/04/1997

18/02/1999

Centrale charbon-bagasse de Belle-Vue

Maurice

514 515

AFD

17/06/1999

09/11/1999

Agro-écologie et stockage carbone (programme transversal)

Afrique / Régional

762 245

AFD-MAEE

17/06/1999

27/11/2000

Plan d’action agro-écologie

Afrique / Régional

1 935 600

AFD-MAEE

09/11/1999

07/03/2000

Développement des gisements de phosphates carbonatés

Sénégal

1 112 900

MESR

26/03/2001

30/11/2001

Développement d’une filière de carbonisation des résidus végétaux

Mauritanie

600 000

MAEE

27/11/2003

30/03/2006

Mécanisme de développement propre dans le secteur forestier

Afrique / Régional

2 300 000

MAEE

07/07/2004

30/03/2005

Programme incubateur des projets MDP

Afrique / Régional

2 000 000

AFD

25/11/2005

05/07/2006

Passage au quatre-temps des “sémidjans” de Cotonou

Bénin

1 000 000

AFD

18/12/2006

06/07/2007

Renforcement de capacité en matière d’adaptation aux changements climatiques dans l’océan Indien

Afrique / Régional

1 000 000

MAEE-MEDAD

Développement du biodiesel

Burkina Faso

1 200 000

AFD

Remplacement de refroidisseurs en Afrique (AFROC)

Afrique / Régional

750 000

MEDAD

30/03/2007

Appui à l’adaptation aux changements climatiques dans les secteurs de l’agriculture et de l’eau

Afrique / Régional

1 200 000

MAEE

06/07/2007

Approche globale des transports urbains municipalité de Tshwane

Afrique du Sud

1 000 000

AFD

30/11/2007

Vigilance des pays africains face au changement climatique

Afrique / Régional

2 000 000

MAEE

18/12/2006 18/12/2006

06/07/2007

TOTAL AFRICA ( 16 PROJECTS )

19 119 751

An artesian well producing a constant flow at low volume © A. Mamaou, 2007.

22


Cogeneration plant – Eastern Europe © SEED

Afghanistan – 3rd Steering Committee meeting for the NEPA project © GERES

Climate change PROJECTS PROJECTS IDENTIFICATION COMMITMENT DATE DATE

PROJECT TITLE

COUNTRY

AMOUNT FOR IDENTIFIED PROJECTS IN €

PROMOTING INSTITUTION

15/04/1996

22/12/1997

Programme d’électrification en zones rurales de Bahia

Brésil

381 123

MAEE-MINEFE

09/11/1999

29/06/2000

Conversion de véhicules au gaz naturel à Mexico

Mexique

1 400 000

MAEE

05/07/2005

30/11/2007

Projet géothermie caraïbes

Dominique

2 000 000

AFD

30/03/2006

05/07/2006

Appui institutionnel et appliqué Climat

Mexique

285 000

MINEFE

TOTAL LATIN AMERICA ( 4 PROJECTS )

PROJECTS PROJECTS IDENTIFICATION COMMITMENT DATE DATE

4 066 123

PROJECT TITLE

COUNTRY

AMOUNT FOR IDENTIFIED PROJECTS IN €

PROMOTING INSTITUTION

30/09/1997

17/06/1999

Amélioration de l’efficacité énergétique de la construction neuve

Chine

3 284 550

MINEFE-MEDAD

22/12/1997

17/06/1999

Développement de la petite hydroélectricité en zones rurales isolées

Indonésie

610 000

MINEFE

15/11/2002

27/11/2003

Efficacité énergétique dans la programmation et la construction de logements

Chine

2 700 000

MEDAD

27/11/2003

26/03/2004

Projet de transports collectifs intégré et durable du grand Hanoï

Vietnam

2 000 000

MINEFE

26/03/2004

27/10/2004

Diffusion des bonnes pratiques d’efficacité énergétique secteur de la construction

Afghanistan

1 350 000

MAEE

05/07/2005

30/03/2006

Appui au montage des projets MDP dans quatre provinces de l’ouest de la Chine

Chine

750 000

AFD

18/12/2006

30/11/2007

Promotion de projets d’efficacité énergétique et d’énergies renouvelables

Asie / Régional

1 100 000

AFD PROPARCO

Appui au programme de financement des projets d’efficacité énergétique et d’énergies renouvelables

Chine

600 000

AFD

30/03/2007 06/07/2007

30/11/2007

Plateforme de développement des bioénergies

Inde

1 500 000

AFD-MESR

21/10/1994

20/09/1996

Electrification photovoltaïque d’atolls isolés

Vanuatu

91 469

AFD

TOTAL ASIA & PACIFIC ( 10 PROJECTS )

23

13 986 019


Activities in 2007 and project review 1994-2007 Climate change PROJECTS PROJECTS IDENTIFICATION COMMITMENT DATE DATE

PROJECT TITLE

COUNTRY

AMOUNT FOR IDENTIFIED PROJECTS IN €

PROMOTING INSTITUTION

30/09/1997

09/11/1999

Fonds d’efficacité énergétique et réduction des émissions de carbone

Europe de l’Est

2 000 000

MINEFE

15/11/2002

27/11/2003

Structuration d’une filière régionale bois énergie

Lituanie

1 050 000

MEDAD

07/07/2004

30/03/2005

Renforcement des capacités et appui à la mise en place d’un fonds dédié à l’efficacité énergétique

Europe de l’Est

2 000 000

MAEE

TOTAL EASTERN EUROPE ( 3 PROJECTS )

PROJECTS PROJECTS IDENTIFICATION COMMITMENT DATE DATE

5 050 000

PROJECT TITLE

COUNTRY

AMOUNT FOR IDENTIFIED PROJECTS IN €

PROMOTING INSTITUTION

22/11/1995

06/05/1998

Efficacité énergétique dans la construction et réglementation thermique

Tunisie

1 905 613

AFD

15/04/1996

01/04/1997

Amélioration de l’efficacité énergétique de parcs de logements collectifs

Liban

868 959

MEDAD

22/12/1997

26/03/2001

Bois énergie en milieu urbain

Maroc

1 594 054

AFD

17/06/1999

06/07/2001

Electrification décentralisée et pompage solaire

Maroc

1 600 000

AFD

24/05/2002

15/11/2002

Projet de mise à niveau énergie-environnement Sidi-Bernoussi

Maroc

825 000

MAEE

07/07/2004

27/10/2004

Electrification rurale globale

Maroc

500 000

AFD

25/11/2005

05/07/2006

Mise en place d’une station d’épuration à Fès avec valorisation énergétique du biogaz

Maroc

900 000

AFD

Diffusion de chauffe-eau solaires

Tunisie

1 000 000

AFD

Appui à la maîtrise de l’énergie dans l’industrie et le secteur tertiaire

Jordanie

1 560 000

AFD

Amélioration de l’efficacité énergétique dans les bâtiments

Maroc

900 000

MEDAD

18/12/2006 06/07/2007

30/11/2007

06/07/2007

TOTAL MEDITERRANEAN ( 10 PROJECTS )

11 653 626

GEOGRAPHICAL DISTRIBUTION COUNTRY / REGION

NUMBER OF PROJECTS

AMOUNT FOR IDENTIFIED PROJECTS IN €

%

Sub-Saharan Africa + Mediterranean

26

30 773 377

57%

Latin America

4

4 066 123

8%

Asia - Pacific

10

13 986 019

26%

Eastern Europe

3

5 050 000

9%

TOTAL

43

53 875 519

100%

24


Geothermal project in the Caribbean: a “hot spot” in Dominica © J.C. Pecresse - AFD 2007.

9%

26%

Sub-Saharan Africa + Mediterranean Latin America

8%

57%

Asia - Pacific Eastern Europe

AFRIQUE / REGIONAL : regional climate change adaptation programme in the Indian Ocean countries Amount : 3.6 M€ including FGEF contribution of 1.0 M€ Beneficiary : Indian Ocean Commission The FGEF’s contribution is targeting : • capacity-building for the IOC and its member states for observations and furthering knowledge on climate change; • assessing the effects of climate change and analysing the region’s geographical and economic vulnerability; • establishing a regional adaptation strategy by strengthening early warning and natural risk prevention systems, identifying good practice and initiating pilot activities to serve as reference examples.

Impact of Cyclone Jaya on paddy fields in Madagascar © Jean-Jacques Goussard - EOS

As forecast by official scientific circles and as observed, a great many parts of the world are threatened by sea level rise or by the increasing frequency of extreme climate events. Island regions are particularly vulnerable. The Indian Ocean Commission, whose members are the Comoros, France (La Réunion), Madagascar, Mauritius and the Seychelles, has launched a regional adaptation programme to identify threats on a common basis and propose measures to improve preparation and limit damage on the regional scale caused by climate change. The programme is being financed in collaboration with the MAEE, the French Region of La Réunion and the European Union.

25


Activities in 2007 and project review 1994-2007

JORDAN : support to energy management in industry and the tertiary sector Amount : 3.34 M€ including FGEF contribution of 1.56 M€ Beneficiary : Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan Jordan has few natural resources, and its reliance on imported fossil fuels has pushed up its energy expenditures to nearly 20% of GDP. To address this situation, the State has launched a series of priority programmes that are designed to tap into the country’s renewable energy potential and promote energy efficiency. In order to support these new initiatives, the AFD and FGEF have set up a joint arrangement with the World Bank (GEF) and the Jordanian banking system to finance an integrated programme of technical and institutional

View of Amman © Adel Mourtada

26

support along with investments in renewable energies, energy efficiency and natural resource protection. The programme component funded by the FGEF is focusing on technical and institutional capacity-building and on support to energy efficiency project assessments and financing. The objective is to raise awareness, supply information and accompany the development of a market for energy efficiency in the industrial and tertiary sectors.


Senegal - Kayar © J.F. Hellio & N. Van Ingen – 2008

INTERNATIONAL WATERS Project portfolio The “International Waters” project portfolio contains 23 projects representing 26.39 M€, including 24.39 M€ for 22 projects already launched. The table below gives the list of projects after identification. Projects identified in 2007 are shown in bold. PROJECTS PROJECTS IDENTIFICATION COMMITMENT DATE DATE

PROJECT TITLE

COUNTRY

AMOUNT FOR IDENTIFIED PROJECTS IN €

PROMOTING INSTITUTION

Appui à la gestion des eaux du fleuve Sénégal

06/05/1998

29/06/2000

Afrique / Régional

1 350 000

MAEE

18/02/1999

30/04/2003 Système d'observation des cycles hydrologiques (HYCOS) Afrique / Régional

1 000 000

MAEE

09/11/1999

26/03/2001

Contrôle de la pollution et contribution à la gestion du fleuve Zambèze

Zambie / Zimbabwe

1 500 000

MAEE

27/11/2000

15/11/2002

Appui à la commission du fleuve Orange-Senqu

Afrique / Régional

1 500 000

MAEE

27/11/2003

07/07/2004

Mise en place d'un observatoire de l'environnement du Bassin du fleuve Niger

Afrique / Régional

1 200 000

AFD-MAEE

27/10/2004

25/11/2005

Gestion des ressources halieutiques du sud-ouest de l'Océan Indien (SWIOFP)

Afrique / Régional

800 000

MAEE

27/10/2004

30/03/2006

Initiative pour le bassin du Nil

Egypte / Soudan / Ethiopie

1 000 000

AFD

18/12/2006

06/07/2007

Observatoire des ressources en eau du bassin de la Volta

Afrique / Régional

1 200 000

MAEE

TOTAL AFRICA ( 8 PROJECTS )

PROJECTS PROJECTS IDENTIFICATION COMMITMENT DATE DATE

9 550 000

PROJECT TITLE

COUNTRY

AMOUNT FOR IDENTIFIED PROJECTS IN €

PROMOTING INSTITUTION

20/12/1996

17/06/1999

Observatoire des ressources hydriques dans le bassin du Haut Paraguay

Amérique latine / Régional

1 894 180

MINEFE

26/03/2001

30/04/2003

Protection environnementale du Rio de la Plata

Argentine & Uruguay

1 005 000

MAEE

30/04/2003

26/03/2004

Gestion des écosystèmes fluvio-lacustres du Rio Magdalena

Colombie

1 200 000

MAEE

TOTAL LATIN AMERICA ( 3 PROJECTS )

PROJECTS PROJECTS IDENTIFICATION COMMITMENT DATE DATE 07/07/2004

30/03/2006

4 099 180

PROJECT TITLE

COUNTRY

AMOUNT FOR IDENTIFIED PROJECTS IN €

PROMOTING INSTITUTION

Appui à la commission du fleuve Mékong (MRC)

Asie / Régional

1 000 000

AFD

TOTAL ASIA ( 1 PROJECT )

1 000 000

27


Activities in 2007 and project review 1994-2007 International waters PROJECTS PROJECTS IDENTIFICATION COMMITMENT DATE DATE

PROJECT TITLE

COUNTRY

AMOUNT FOR IDENTIFIED PROJECTS IN €

PROMOTING INSTITUTION

20/09/1996

30/09/1997

Récupération des éléments irradiés du navire Lepse

Russie

1 417 776

MAEE

06/05/1998

09/11/1999

Appui à la gestion transfrontière du bassin de l'Irtysh

Russie / Kazakhstan

1 000 000

MEDAD

26/03/2001

30/11/2001

Réalisation d'un plan de gestion du bassin versant de la rivière Narva

Estonie et Russie

1 165 000

MESR

15/11/2002

04/07/2003

Gestion transfrontière du bassin de la Korös/Crisuri

Hongrie / Roumanie

1 024 000

MEDAD

TOTAL EASTERN EUROPE ( 4 PROJECTS )

PROJECTS PROJECTS IDENTIFICATION COMMITMENT DATE DATE

4 606 776

PROJECT TITLE

COUNTRY

AMOUNT FOR IDENTIFIED PROJECTS IN €

PROMOTING INSTITUTION

21/10/1994

21/10/1994

Gestion des ressources du Bassin du Jourdain

Méditerranée

290 676

MINEFE

22/11/1995

17/06/1999

Données hydrologiques

Méditerranée

1 675 154

MINEFE

06/05/1998

29/03/2002

Appui à la mise en oeuvre du PAS MED

Méditerranée

1 353 000

MEDAD

30/04/2003

27/11/2003

Système aquifère du Sahara

Algérie / Libye / Tunisie

315 000

MEDAD

05/07/2005

30/03/2006

Transfert d'eau de la mer rouge à la mer morte

Territoires autonomes palestiniens

1 000 000

AFD

18/12/2006

06/07/2007

Gestion partagée du système aquifère du Sahara septentrional

Méditerranée Régional

500 000

MEDAD

Partenariat stratégique pour le grand écosystème marin de la Méditerranée

Méditerranée Régional

2 000 000

MEDAD

06/07/2007

TOTAL MEDITERRANEAN ( 7 PROJECTS )

7 133 830

Niger – a dugout canoe near Ayorou © Julien Calas FGEF

GEOGRAPHICAL DISTRIBUTION COUNTRY / REGION

NUMBER OF PROJECTS

AMOUNT FOR IDENTIFIED PROJECTS IN €

%

Sub-Saharan Africa + Méditerranée

15

16 683 830

63%

Latin America

3

4 099 180

16%

Asia – Pacific

1

1 000 000

4%

Eastern Europe

4

4 606 776

17%

TOTAL

23

26 389 786

100%

28


4%

17%

16% 63%

Sub-Saharan Africa + Mediterranean Senegal – the harbour at Soumbedioune © J.F. Hellio & N. Van Ingen – 2008

Latin America Asia - Pacific

Fishing port – Mediterranean Project, Tunisia 2007 © C. du Castel

Eastern Europe

MEDITERRANEAN : a strategic partnership for the Mediterranean-wide marine ecosystem Amount : 10.2 M€ including FGEF contribution of 2 M€ Beneficiary : WWF This project is aiming to preserve the functions of the Mediterranean-wide marine ecosystem by establishing a coherent network of Marine Protected Areas associated with sustainable uses of marine resources. Project activities are designed to address the specific difficulties and issues that arise in Marine Protected Areas: development of management plans and strengthened conservation objectives, deployment of a natural resource monitoring system, capacity-building, participation of local stakeholders, networking between managers and addressing tourism and fishing activities. The project is one of the activities conducted under the Mediterranean Action Plan (MAP) to complement the MAP’s efforts to control pollution from land sources.

29


Activities in 2007 and project review 1994-2007

LAND DEGRADATION AND PERSISTENT ORGANIC POLLUTANTS Project portfolio The “Land Degradation and POPs” portfolio covers 11 projects representing 16.32 M€, including 14.32 M€ for 9 projects already launched. Identified projects are listed below. Those identified in 2007 are shown in bold.

PROJECTS PROJECTS IDENTIFICATION COMMITMENT DATE DATE

PROJECT TITLE

COUNTRY

AMOUNT FOR IDENTIFIED PROJECTS IN €

PROMOTING INSTITUTION

20/12/1996

30/09/1997

Réseau d'observatoires de surveillance écologique à long terme - ROSELT

Afrique / Régional

1 341 551

MAEE-MEDAD

22/12/1997

07/03/2000

Environnement mondial et lutte contre la désertification

Afrique / Régional

3 000 000

MAEE

09/11/1999

07/03/2000

Appui au développement local de l'Ouest (padl)

Burkina Faso

1 600 000

AFD

27/11/2000

30/11/2001

Appui au développement local de l'Ouest (pdlo)

Burkina Faso

1 610 000

AFD

27/11/2003

05/07/2006

Programme d'élimination et de prévention de la résurgence des stocks de pesticides obsolètes

Mali

600 000

MEDAD

27/10/2004

31/01/2005

Traitement environnental de la lutte anti-acridienne

Afrique / Régional

1 000 000

MAEE

30/03/2007

Lutte contre la désertification et gestion durable des ressources naturelles

Djibouti (République Démocratique de)

1 000 000

AFD

06/07/2007

Programme d'appui multi-pays pour l'agro-écologie (PAMPA)

Afrique régional

1 000 000

MAEE

TOTAL AFRICA ( 8 PROJECTS )

PROJECTS PROJECTS IDENTIFICATION COMMITMENT DATE DATE 26/03/2004

07/07/2004

11 151 551

PROJECT TITLE

COUNTRY

AMOUNT FOR IDENTIFIED PROJECTS IN €

PROMOTING INSTITUTION

Appui au développement des techniques agro-écologiques

Laos

1 470 000

AFD

TOTAL ASIA ( 1 PROJECT )

PROJECTS PROJECTS IDENTIFICATION COMMITMENT DATE DATE

1 470 000

PROJECT TITLE

COUNTRY

AMOUNT FOR IDENTIFIED PROJECTS IN €

PROMOTING INSTITUTION

27/11/2003

25/11/2005

Programme d'élimination et de prévention de la résurgence des stocks de pesticides obsolètes

Tunisie

800 000

MEDAD

07/07/2004

05/07/2006

Appui au développement de l'agriculture de conservation

Tunisie

1 400 000

AFD

18/12/2006

30/03/2007

Valorisation des oasis du sud marocain

Maroc

1 500 000

AFD

TOTAL MEDITERRANEAN ( 2 PROJECTS )

3 700 000

NB : The project entitled Programme d’élimination et de prévention de la résurgence des stocks de pesticides obsolètes (programme for eliminating stockpiles of obsolete pesticides and preventing their reappearance) of is counted as a single project included in the account for Africa.

30


Multi-country agro-ecology support programme (Pampa) Tilling a crop-field © C. du Castel

GEOGRAPHICAL DISTRIBUTION COUNTRY / REGION

NUMBER OF PROJECTS

AMOUNT FOR IDENTIFIED PROJECTS IN €

%

Sub-Saharan Africa + Mediterranean

10

14 851 551

91%

Asia + Pacific

1

1 470 000

9%

TOTAL

11

16 321 551

100%

9%

An oasis in Southern Morocco © Patrice Burger

91%

Sub-Saharan Africa + Mediterranean Asia - Pacific

MOROCCO : preserving and developing oases in Southern Morocco Amount : 5.3 M€ including FGEF contribution of 1.5 M€ Beneficiary : United Nations Development Programme This project is working to halt the current process decline and gradual abandon of oases and thus to avert the desertification of large areas along desert margins. The aim is to foster public policy-making that contributes to the preservation of Morocco’s invaluable heritage and to promote a territory-wide approach to oasis development. Project activities are therefore designed for demonstrative purposes in order to foster discussion and heighten awareness and both national and local

levels. The main tool used for this purpose is the introduction of a “local area” approach that brings a territory-wide perspective to bear on the issues at stake and promotes a process of consultation between all stakeholders. The aim is to achieve a common view of oasis development and effective formulation of a project for the territory as a whole that reflects developing awareness and will ultimately mobilise those responsible at government level.

31


Activities in 2007 and project review 1994-2007

OZONE LAYER APPLICATION OF THE MULTILATERAL FUND FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF THE MONTREAL PROTOCOL The FGEF Secretariat, on behalf of the MINEFe, is responsible for monitoring strategies and for advising on the orientations submitted by member countries to the governing bodies of the Montreal Protocol and its Multilateral Fund (MF). The MF provides grant finance to projects designed to reduce emissions of stratospheric ozone-depleting substances (ODS) in countries covered by Article V, i.e. those where ODS consumption was below 0.3 kg per capita on the date when the Protocol came into force. Most of these are developing countries. Projects financed by the Multilateral Fund may be implemented by the UNEP, UNDP, the United Nations Industrial Development Organisation (UNIDO) or the World Bank, or by contributing countries through their bilateral agencies up to a share of 20% of their total contribution.

In the case of bilateral financing, the decision-making process is still multilateral. Projects must be approved by the 14-member MF Executive Committee. Germany, France Italy and the UK make up a single group, in which each takes the chair on a rotating basis every two years. The Executive Committee draws up the eligibility and intervention principles and criteria that applicant countries and projects must satisfy. The Executive Committee holds meetings three times a year during which new decisions and strategic orientations are proposed, discussed and approved. Finally, the FGEF Secretariat pilots the implementation and management of projects identified and submitted by France to the Multilateral Fund. From 1991 to the end of 2007, French contributions to the Multilateral Fund amounted to a total of 174.5 million USD, including 15 million USD in commitments to 97 projects since 1994. Intervention proceeds as follows : organisation of preparatory studies on identified projects (assistance to the identification and formulation of investment projects); implementation of investment projects enabling Article V countries to keep to their schedule for removing ODS (chlorofluorocarbons, methyl bromide, carbon tetrachloride, halons, etc.). These projects usually involve the conversion of industrial equipment or production processes. Most current projects are multi-year management plans for refrigerant fluids or national plans for final elimination of ozone-depleting substances; technical assistance, training, public awareness and institutional capacity building.

• •

Laos Project - Construction of a machine for ODS recovery and recycling © Béatrice Vincent

32


Laos Project Documentation on the management plan for refrigerants © Béatrice Vincent

Morocco project Transporting cut flowers (Project for methyl bromide elimination) © Béatrice Vincent

REVIEW OF PROJECTS FINANCED BY THE MULTILATERAL FUND FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF THE MONTREAL PROTOCOL AND MANAGED BY THE FGEF SECRETARIAT All these projects are listed in the table below. The four projects approved in 2007 are highlighted in yellow; on going projects are in light orange. In 2007, the FGEF Secretariat focused in particular on the preparation of two exemplary regional projects in Africa. In one of these, a 5.3 M€ project for Egypt, Namibia, Nigeria, Sudan and Senegal, an original feature is the association of the Multilateral Fund (UNIDO and financial contributions from Germany, Japan and France) with the FGEF, for the dual purpose of protecting the ozone layer and acting against the greenhouse effect, with a contribution of 0.75 million € from the FGEF for climate change activities.

In the second case, the FGEF Secretariat contributed to the set-up of a project concerning 38 African countries and implemented in cooperation with the UNEP, which aims to strengthen African customs networks in order to prevent illicit trade in ODS through regional commercial organisations (Central African Economic and Monetary Community, Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa, Southern Africa Customs Union and the West African Economic and Monetary Union). At the end of 2007, disbursements slowed down slightly as a result of institutional changes in some countries and difficulties in negotiating conventions with international organisations.

33


Activities in 2007 and project review 1994-2007

Project Portfolio on the Ozone Layer APPROVED BY MF EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE

PROJECT TITLE

COUNTRY

SECTOR

STATE

TYPE

fév.-1997

Refrigeration management plan preparation

Ivory Coast

Refrigerant

Closed

Preparation

$25,000.00

mars-1998

Implementation of the RMP

Ivory Coast

Refrigerant

Transfered

Technical assistance

$227,650.00

mars-1999

Documentary on traffic in second-hand refrigerators

Ivory Coast

Refrigerant

Closed

Technical assistance

$9,619.00

juil.-2002

Project preparation for projects in commercial refrigeration production facilities

Ivory Coast

Refrigerant

Completed

Preparation

$15,750.00

juil.-2002

ODS phase out in 50 existing centrifugal chillers units

Ivory Coast

Refrigerant

Transfered

Investment $1,100,000.00

Implementation of the refrigerant management plan: monitoring the activities of the RMP and Ivory Coast set up of an import/export licensing system

Refrigerant

Transfered

Technical assistance

$54,450.00

juil.-2002

TOTAL AFTER ADJUSTMENTS

PARTNERS

déc.-2004

Implementation of the RMP update

Ethiopia

Refrigerant

On going

Technical assistance

$103,169.00

Germany (GTZ)

mars-2007

Project preparation for a terminal phase-out management plan in the servicing sector

Ethiopia

National phase out plan

On going

Preparation

$33,900.00

Germany (GTZ)

mars-1999

Technical assistance in air conditioning

Ghana

Refrigerant

Closed

Technical assistance

$26,379.00

déc.-2004

Terminal CFCs phase-out management plan (first tranche)

Kenya

National phase out plan

On going

Investment

$243,982.82

fév.-1997

Country programme preparation

Madagascar

Several sectors

Closed

Country programme

$36,981.00

nov.-1999

Implementation of the RMP : set up a national recovery and recycling network

Madagascar

Refrigerant

Closed

Technical assistance

$86,835.00

nov.-1999

Implementation of the RMP : training of personnel in charge of control and monitoring of imports of ODS

Madagascar

Refrigerant

Closed

Training

$27,300.00

nov.-1999

Implementation of the RMP : training of trainers and refrigeration technicians in good service practices

Madagascar

Refrigerant

Closed

Training

$48,510.00

nov.-2005

Implementation of the RMP Update : recovery and recycling component

Madagascar

Refrigerant

On going

Technical assistance

$45,765.00

juil.-1998

Project preparation in the foam sector (Fofy)

Mali

Foam

Closed

Preparation

$15,000.00

nov.-1998

Phase-out of CFC-11 by conversion to methylene chloride in the manufacture of flexible polyurethane foam at Fofy Industrie

Mali

Foam

Closed

Investment

$151,000.00

juil.-1994

Country programme preparation

Mauritania

Several sectors

Closed

Country programme

$41,420.00

sep.-1994

Training and awareness of personnel involved in the task of codifying and identifying ODS and ODS-containing material

Mauritania

Several sectors

Closed

Training

$9,456.00

sep.-1994

Conversion of CFC-based commercial refrigeration installations in the fishing industry

Mauritania

Refrigerant

Closed

Technical assistance

$99,522.00

Germany (GTZ)

…Table continued on right-hand page

34


Ozone Layer APPROVED BY MF EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE

PROJECT TITLE

COUNTRY

SECTOR

STATE

TYPE

sep.-1994

Training of refrigeration technicians

Mauritania

Refrigerant

Closed

Training

$25,000.00

sep-1997

Institutional strengthening project proposal

Mauritania

Several sectors

Closed

Institutionnal strengthening

$25,983.00

déc.-2004

Refrigerant management plan update

Mozambique

Refrigerant

On going

Technical assistance

$118,098.56

Germany (GTZ)

déc.-2004

Implementation of the RMP update

Uganda

Refrigerant

On going

Technical assistance

$84,750.00

Germany (GTZ)

nov.-2006

Project preparation for a terminal ODS phase-out management plan

Uganda

National phase out plan

On going

Preparation

$33,900.00

Germany (GTZ)

juil.-2001

Implementation of the RMP : development and implementation of a tax/incentive programme

CAR

Refrigerant

On going

Technical assistance

$6,215.00

juil.-2001

Implementation of the RMP : monitoring the activities of the RMP project, including registration of refrigeration service technicians, distributors and importers of CFCs

CAR

Refrigerant

On going

Technical assistance

$29,663.00

juil.-2001

Implementation of the RMP: train the trainers programme for refrigeration technicians in good management practices and a training programme to address technicians in the informal sector

CAR

Refrigerant

On going

Training

$68,817.00

juil.-2001

Implementation of the RMP : training programme for customs officers

CAR

Refrigerant

On going

Training

$87,507.00

juil.-1995

Technology transfer workshop for African countries on practical implementation of the Montreal Protocol

Regional

Several sectors

Closed

Training

$120,000.00

déc.-2000

Refrigeration and global environment evaluation of equipment modernization study

Regional

Refrigerant

Closed

Technical assistance

$15,750.00

avr.-2006

Strategic demonstration project for accelerated conversion of CFC chillers in 5 African Countries (Cameroon, Egypt, Namibia, Nigeria and Sudan)

Regional

Refrigerant

On going

Demonstration

$406,800.00

UNIDO, Japan, Germany

nov.-2007

African customs enforcement networks for preventing illegal trade in ODS

Regional

Several sectors

On going

Technical assistance

$84,750.00

UNEP

mai-1996

Project preparation for projects in the hotel and fisheries industries and recycling

Senegal

Refrigerant

Closed

Preparation

$9,752.00

fév.-1997

Training of technicians in domestic refrigeration and air conditioning

Senegal

Refrigerant

Closed

Training

$16,500.00

juil.-2006

Project preparation for a terminal phase-out management plan

Seychelles

National phase out plan

On going

Preparation

$22,600.00

Germany (GTZ)

mars-2007

Terminal ODS phase-out management plan (first tranche)

Seychelles

National phase out plan

On going

Investment

$135,600.00

Germany (GTZ)

juil.-2005

Implementation of the RMP update

Tanzania

Refrigerant

On going

Technical assistance

$177,694.76

Germany (GTZ)

TOTAL AFRICA (38 PROJECTS ON GOING AND UNDER PREPARATION)

35

TOTAL AFTER ADJUSTMENTS

$ 3,871,069.14

PARTNERS


Activities in 2007 and project review 1994-2007

Ozone Layer APPROVED BY MF EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE

PROJECT TITLE

COUNTRY

SECTOR

STATE

TYPE

nov.-1999

Project preparation for phase out of methyl bromide used in grain fumigation

Costa Rica

Fumigation

Closed

Preparation

$12,243.00

juil.-2004

National CFC phase-out management plan : phase-out of ODS in the refrigeration and air-conditioning sector (first tranche)

Cuba

National Transfered phase out plan

Technical assistance

$90,760.00

avr.-2005

National ODS phase-out plan for CFCs : 2005 annual implementation plan

Cuba

National Transfered phase out plan

Investment

$0.00

TOTAL LATIN AMERICA (3 PROJECTS ON GOING AND UNDER PREPARATION)

TOTAL AFTER ADJUSTMENTS

PARTNERS

$ 103,003.00

APPROVED BY MF EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE

PROJECT TITLE

COUNTRY

SECTOR

STATE

TYPE

juil.-1999

Survey for halon banking management plan in West Asia (Bahrain, Lebanon, Qatar and Yemen)

ASP

Halons

Closed

Technical assistance

$17,500.00

nov.-1999

Project preparation of phase out of use of ODS solvent in production of parts working in high voltage conditions

China

Solvent

Closed

Preparation

$28,875.00

avr.-2004

CTC phase-out plan for the consumption and production sectors : 2004 work programme

India

National phase out plan

On going

Investment $1,085,000.00

Germany (GTZ)

avr.-2005

CTC phase-out for the consumption and production sectors : 2005 annual programme

India

National phase out plan

On going

Investment $1,085,000.00

Germany (GTZ)

juil.-2006

CTC phase-out for the consumption and production sectors : 2006 annual programme

India

National phase out plan

On going

Investment

$585,000.00

Germany (GTZ)

juil.-2007

CTC phase-out plan for the consumption and production sectors : 2007 annual programme

India

National phase out plan

On going

Technical assistance

$585,000.00

Germany (GTZ)

oct.-1996

Project preparation/technical assistance for MAC recycling and training in good servicing practices

Iran

Refrigerant

Closed

Preparation

$30,000.00

nov.-1997

Set up of a national programme of recovery and recycling CFC-12 (pilot project in Tehran)

Iran

Refrigerant

Completed

Technical assistance

$345,923.00

déc.-1997

Projects preparation and technical assistance in the halon sector

Iran

Halons

Closed

Preparation

$31,500.00

déc.-1997

Project preparation and technical assistance in the solvent sector

Iran

Solvent

Closed

Preparation

$31,500.00

mars-1998

Conversion to non-CFC facilities of 4 companies producing cars and wagons equipped with MAC-umbrella project

Iran

Refrigerant

Completed

Investment

$138,600.00

nov.-1998

Small and medium enterprises study

Iran

Several sectors

On going

Technical assistance

$75,000.00

juil.-1999

Conversion to ODS-free technology at Dorcharkh Company

Iran

Solvent

Closed

Investment

$165,140.00

juil.-1999

Halon management programme

Iran

Halons

On going

Technical assistance

$511,175.00

TOTAL AFTER ADJUSTMENTS

PARTNERS

…Table continued on right-hand page

36


Ozone Layer APPROVED BY MF EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE

PROJECT TITLE

COUNTRY

SECTOR

STATE

dĂŠc.-2003

National CFC phase-out plan: first tranche

Iran

National phase out plan

On going

Investment $1,117,348.00

avr-2005

National CFC phase-out plan : 2005 annual implementation programme

Iran

National phase out plan

On going

Investment

$555,000.00

mars-1999

Technical assistance in air-conditioning

Jordanian

Refrigerant

Closed

Technical assistance

$10,425.00

mars-1999

Technical assistance for country programme and refrigerant management plan preparation

Laos

Several sectors

Closed

Country programme

$31,500.00

juil.-2001

Implementation of the RMP: training of trainers in good refrigerant management practices (phase I); national technicians training project (phase II)

Laos

Refrigerant

Completed

Training

$88,987.50

juil.-2001

Implementation of the RMP : recovery and recycling, training and demonstration project (complement)

Laos

Refrigerant

On going

Technical assistance

$42,840.00

juil.-2001

Implementation of the RMP : customs training programme

Laos

Refrigerant

On going

Training

$92,142.00

juil.-2006

Project preparation for a terminal phase-out management plan

Laos

National phase out plan

On going

Preparation

$33,900.00

nov.-1995

Phasing out the use of CFC-113 in the electronics industry through the technical promotion of no clean processes

Malaysia

Solvent

Closed

Investment

$0.00

juin-1997

No clean process improvement training for electronic assemblers who phased out the use of CFC-113

Malaysia

Solvent

Closed

Training

$219,385.00

Regional

Halons

Closed

Technical assistance

$123,375.00

Halon banking management plan in West Asia mars-2000 countries : Bahrain, Lebanon, Qatar and Yemen (jointly implemented with Germany)

TYPE

TOTAL AFTER ADJUSTMENTS

PARTNERS

nov.-1998

Project preparation in the commercial refrigeration sector

Syria

Refrigerant

Closed

Preparation

$16,172.00

Germany (GTZ)

nov.-1998

Technical assistance in the air-conditioning sector

Syria

Refrigerant

Closed

Technical assistance

$25,982.00

Germany (GTZ)

nov.-1999

Conversion from CFC-11 to HCFC-141b and from CFC-12 to HFC-134a technology in the manufacture of commercial refrigeration equipment at Bashar Refrigerators

Syria

Refrigerant

Closed

Investment

$51,569.00

Germany (GTZ)

nov.-1999

Development of a halon banking management plan

Syria

Halons

Closed

Technical assistance

$11,272.00

nov.-1999

CFC emission reduction in central air conditioning

Syria

Refrigerant

Completed

Investment

$150,150.00

nov.-1999

Conversion from CFC-12 to HFC-134a technology in the manufacture of commercial refrigeration equipment at Shoukairi and Co.

Syria

Refrigerant

On going

Investment

$35,027.00

Germany (GTZ)

nov.-1999

Conversion from CFC-11 to HCFC-141b and from CFC-12 to HFC-134a technology in the manufacture of commercial refrigeration equipment at Sarkisian Refrigerators

Syria

Refrigerant

On going

Investment

$60,672.00

Germany (GTZ)

‌Table continued on page 38

37


Activities in 2007 and project review 1994-2007 Ozone Layer APPROVED BY MF EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE

PROJECT TITLE

COUNTRY

SECTOR

STATE

TYPE

TOTAL AFTER ADJUSTMENTS

juil.-2001

Establishing a halon bank and umbrella project for 63 manufacturers

Syria

Halons

Closed

Technical assistance

$169,050.00

nov.-1999

No clean process improvement training for electronic assemblers

Thailand

Solvent

Closed

Training

$121,907.00

juil.-1994

Country programme preparation

Vietnam

Several sectors

Closed

Programme pays

$21,035.00

oct.-1996

Technical assistance on alternative technologies for cold storage facilities and project preparation

Vietnam

Refrigerant

Closed

Technical assistance

$34,500.00

juil.-1999

CFC emission reductions in spinning halls air conditioning systems chillers (pilot project)

Vietnam

Refrigerant

Closed

Investment

$197,340.00

TOTAL ASIA (37 PROJECTS ON GOING AND UNDER PREPARATION)

PARTNERS

$ 7,924,791.50

APPROVED BY MF EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE

PROJECT TITLE

COUNTRY

SECTOR

STATE

TYPE

mai-1996

Projects preparation and technical assistance in the foam sector

Lebanon

Foam

Closed

Technical assistance

$19,505.00

oct.-1996

Conversion to non-CFC technology in the manufacture of polyurethane flexible molded foam at Meuble Mode Sarl

Lebanon

Foam

Closed

Investment

$55,465.00

oct.-1996

Conversion to non-CFC technology in the manufacture of flexible foam (slabstock) at Merza Foam Sarl

Lebanon

Foam

Closed

Investment

$107,222.00

oct.-1996

Conversion to non-CFC technology in the manufacture of flexible foam (slabstock) at Furniture and Plastic Sarl (FAP)

Lebanon

Foam

Closed

Investment

$128,700.00

oct.-1996

Conversion to non-CFC technology in the manufacture of rigid foam (sandwich panels) at Kilzi and Co. Sarl

Lebanon

Foam

Closed

Investment

$141,000.00

oct.-1996

Conversion to non-CFC technology in the manufacture of flexible foam (slabstock) at Fomaco Sarl

Lebanon

Foam

Closed

Investment

$151,742.00

oct.-1996

Conversion to non-CFC technology in the manufacture of flexible foam (slabstock) at Plastiflex Sarl

Lebanon

Foam

Closed

Investment

$146,776.00

oct.-1996

Project preparation for the commercial refrigeration sector

Lebanon

Refrigerant

Closed

Preparation

$30,000.00

oct.-1996

Project preparation to establish a CFC and HCFC recovery and recycling centre

Lebanon

Refrigerant

Closed

Preparation

$30,000.00

nov.-1997

Implementation of an ODS recovery and recycling network

Lebanon

Refrigerant

On going

Technical assistance

$425,289.00

déc.-1997

Conversion of refrigeration industrial facilities

Lebanon

Refrigerant

Closed

Investment

$153,162.00

déc.-1997

Training of refrigeration technicians on recovery and recycling methodologies

Lebanon

Refrigerant

Closed

Training

$52,668.00

juil.-1999

Remaining issues for a RMP and preparation of strategy and projects for reduction of CFC emissions in centrifugal chillers

Lebanon

Refrigerant

Closed

Technical assistance

$45,750.00

TOTAL AFTER ADJUSTMENTS

PARTNERS

…Table continued on right-hand page

38


Ozone Layer APPROVED BY MF EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE

PROJECT TITLE

COUNTRY

SECTOR

STATE

TYPE

juil.-1999

Remaining issues for a RMP and preparation of strategy and projects for reduction of CFC emissions in centrifugal chillers

Lebanon

Refrigerant

Completed

Technical assistance

$45,750.00

mai-1996

Project preparation for the formulation of a project to implement a recycling network for CFC-11, CFC-12 and HCFC-22

Morocco

Refrigerant

Closed

Preparation

$20,000.00

oct.-1996

Technical assistance on alternative technologies for cold storage facilities

Morocco

Refrigerant

Closed

Technical assistance

$40,000.00

nov.-1997

Training of refrigeration technicians on recovery and recycling methodologies

Morocco

Refrigerant

Closed

Training

$53,361.00

nov.-1997

Implementation of an ODS recovery and recycling network

Morocco

Refrigerant

On going

Technical assistance

$355,867.00

nov.-1999

Phase-out of methyl bromide use in the cut flower and banana production

Morocco

Fumigation

On going

Investment $1,127,384.00

dĂŠc.-2000

Technical assistance for cold storage equipment (training and demonstration project)

Morocco

Refrigerant

Completed

Technical assistance

TOTAL MEDITERRANEAN (20 PROJECTS ON GOING AND UNDER PREPARATION)

TOTAL PROJECTS

98

Including on going projects

32

$ 15,148,558.64

TOTAL AFTER ADJUSTMENTS

$120,054.00

PARTNERS

UNIDO

$ 3,249,695.00

REGION

NUMBER OF ON GOING PROJECTS

AMOUNT IN MILLION USD

%

Africa

16

$ 1,68

18%

Mediterranean

3

$ 1,90

20%

Asia

13

$ 5,86

62%

TOTAL

32

$ 9,44

100%

REGION

NUMBER OF ON GOING PROJECTS

AMOUNT IN MILLION USD

%

3 2 8 1 2

$ 0,09 $ 0,38 $ 0,65 $ 0,41 $ 0,16

5,4% 22,6% 38,7% 24,4% 9,5%

2 1

$ 0,78 $ 1,10

41,1% 57,9%

1 7 4 1

$ 0,03 $ 4,50 $ 1,21 $ 0,09

0,5% 76,8% 20,6% 1,5%

On going projects Projects 2007

GEOGRAPHICAL DISTRIBUTION OF ON GOING PROJECTS 41%

AFRICA

50%

9%

Preparation Investment Technical assistance Demonstration Training MEDITERRANEAN

Africa Mediterranean Asia

Technical assistance Investment ASIA Preparation Investment Technical assistance Training

39


Capitalisation activities in 2007

PROJECT ASSESSMENTS COMPLETED OR ONGOING IN 2007

INTERNATIONAL WATERS

In accordance with the aim of strengthening capitalisation set out in the strategic programming framework for 2007, thirteen project assessments were launched in 2007.

Romania/Hungary - Transboundary management of the Körös/Crisuri basin – Tisza secondary basin (MEDAD): assessment launched in December 2007 to be finalised in 2008.

LAND DEGRADATION BIODIVERSITY Benin - Preservation and management of protected areas in Pendjari National Park (AFD). Madagascar - Mahafaly Plateau (AFD). Senegal - Preservation of fishing resources by fishing communities (AFD). Latin America / Regional - Sustainable use of forest resources in the Guyanas (MEDAD). Madagascar - Support to sustainable management of prawn fisheries (AFD). Chile - Regional Nature Park in the Carrera and Capitan Prat Provinces (MEDAD) : assessment launched in December 2007 to be finalised in 2008; completion report drawn up by the Regional Nature Parks Federation. Bolivia - Conservation and development of plant biodiversity in the tropical zones of Chaparé Biodesa (MENESR) : assessment launched in December 2007 to be finalised in 2008; completion report drawn up by the University of Cochabamba. Guinea - Observatory for Maritime Guinea (AFD) : assessment launched in December 2007 to be finalised in 2008. Biohub - Sustainable community management of biodiversity and natural resources (MAEE) : mid-term assessment carried out with the CST. Venezuela - Support to indigenous communities in Canaïma National Park (MEDAD).

CLIMATE CHANGE Tunisia - Energy efficiency in buildings and thermal regulation (AFD). Assessment of a project to organise a fuelwood sector in Lithuania postponed to 2008.

40

Africa / Regional - Regional Global Environment Initiative and Combating Desertification (IREMLCD) with the CILSS (MAEE).

CAPITALISATION STUDIES AND SEMINARS Three studies on biodiversity and climate change, one study on FGEF project assessment methodology, one conference and one capitalisation seminar were organised in 2007 in consultation with member institutions, the CST and other partners. The resulting intellectual output has contributed to the development and distribution of knowledge and innovative know-how on global environment topics.

BIODIVERSITY Assessment of experience with trust funds for longterm financing of biodiversity conservation costs and of their use in French-speaking Africa. Assessment of the economic, social and environmental benefits of FGEF intervention for marine protected areas.

CLIMATE CHANGE Cross-cutting study to identify French know-how in the field of climate change, with the MINEFE/DGTPE, MAEE and ADEME : study launched in 2006 with 60 000 € FGEF cofinancing. International conference on Biofuel Issues and Perspectives in Africa, November, Ouagadougou, with the government of Burkina Faso, WAEMU and ECOWAS and with support from the FGEF, MAEE, AFD and ADEME.


LAND DEGRADATION Seminar on “Direct sowing under plant cover in tropical soils” with a particular focus on carbon sequestration in agricultural land. December, Madagascar, with contributions from the FGEF and AFD.

Beneficiary: State Sector: Biodiversity Convention signed: october 2000 Planned duration: 4 years Total cost: 9.9 M€ FGEF contribution: 1.1 M€ Project promoter: FGEF This project was part of a broader Benin National Parks Conservation and Management Programme (PCGPN) costing a total of 19.6 M€. Besides the FGEF contribution, the programme also received cofinancing from KfW and GTZ (German overseas cooperation agency), the Netherlands cooperation agency, the European Union and the Global Environment Facility (GEF). Under these arrangements, management of the FGEF’s contribution to the Pendjari project was delegated to KfW.

Betafo site – straw from oats harvest and bean seed crop © Nicolas Hertkorn – AFD

METHODOLOGY In 2007, the FGEF conducted a meta-evaluation of retrospective analyses of ex-post assessments of projects cofinanced by the FGEF. Conclusions have been posted on the internet.

LESSONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS 1. The development and management plan for the Pendjari Biosphere Reserve was satisfactorily drawn up and applied. The August 2007 assessment points out that “the management plan provides for the integration of local populations through AVIGREF(1), the village association for fauna management , and its coordination body, the AVIGREF Union. The project’s main successes may be considered to be the organisation of this participatory management system and the resulting high standard of relationships between villagers and the National Park’s management body (DPNP)(2) . The Pendjari project is undoubtedly the most successful example of its kind in West Africa”. 2. The main difficulty encountered by the project are its poor results in terms of Park infrastructure (rehabilitation or construction of trails – 736.50 km – pools and wells, […] construction of administrative premises for the Park management body).

Afghanistan – a fuelwood reserve for a public establishment © GERES

PROJECT ASSESSMENT SYNOPSES AND EXTRACTS 1-BENIN PRESERVATION AND MANAGEMENT OF PROTECTED AREAS IN PENDJARI NATIONAL PARK

3. In order to overcome the population’s initial reservations towards the programme and to help ensure that Park conservation contributes to development among neighbouring communities, the project promoted a system for redistributing income from hunting, a

(1) Associations Villageoises de Gestion des Réserves de Faune (2) Direction du Parc National de la Pendjari

41


Capitalisation activities in 2007

community investment scheme using income from the Park and provided support to income-generating activities, as well as involving local populations in tourism operations. The assessment indicates that income among populations in the Pendjari’s buffer zone had increased by about 11% since 2002. Incomes among families adjacent to the buffer zone are reported to be 21% higher on average than among other neighbouring communities. 4. Biodiversity has been consolidated. It is reported in the assessment that “the project’s impact on biodiversity consolidation is indisputable”. “There are no threats to the environment”: farming activities are well concentrated within the buffer zone and the system for access to natural resources in hunting zones is operating satisfactorily, the forest fire management plan is properly implemented and lateseason fires have become exceptional. Population increases have been noted in all animal species monitored, most notably among elephants. These generally positive findings need to be tempered by the fact that poaching still occurs to some degree. Thanks to regular ecological monitoring, the assessment confirms that the elephant population has doubled in the last four years. 5. The Park’s management bodies are operational and efficient. The August 2007 assessment reports that management objectives for the Pendjari National Park have been achieved overall, and that the annual work plan has been fulfilled thanks to the implementation of an effective management system at project level. However, the assessment points out that “although the current status is satisfactory overall, there is no guarantee as to the permanence of operational facilities”. It recommends that the creation of a foundation for the conservation of Benin’s national parks should be finalised and appropriate financial mechanisms implemented. 6. At the same time, efforts to promote the Park have increased income from tourism, with visitor numbers growing from 2200 in 1998 to more than 5800 in 2007. 60% of the Park’s operating costs are now self-financed. Of this percentage, 31% is from State grants and (3) Zone d’Occupation Contrôlée

42

29% from direct receipts from tourism and the operation of hunting zones. External financing to be secured amounts to 40% of the total financing requirement. 7. Improved legal framework. The Fauna Act has brought substantial progress in the development of participatory management of the Park’s fauna and protected areas. The legal review process has not been completed and the assessment recommends that this should be done, particularly as regards compensation for wild fauna damage to crops. 8. The coordination of activities with neighbouring Burkina Faso is still not adequate. Burkina Faso’s more decentralised system of administration could be adapted to the methods of counterpart departments to provide greater flexibility and responsiveness.

2-SENEGAL PRESERVATION OF FISHING RESOURCES BY FISHING COMMUNITIES Beneficiary: Oceanium Association Sector: Biodiversity Convention signed: August 2001 Planned duration: 5 years Total cost: 13.4 M€ FGEF contribution: 0.9 M€ Project promoter: AFD

The activities planned under this project, known as the “Narou Heulek” project, were : creation by fishing communities of protected areas to address the different issues of halting dynamite fishing, reducing pressures on juvenile fish stocks, damage caused by rotating seine nets and preserving fragile mangrove habitats, identification of alternative sources of income, either from other types of fishing or from activities such as tourism, installation of artificial reefs within certain protected areas to help regenerate fish habitats and protect local fishing zones from encroaching trawlers, testing fish aggregating devices (FADs) to promote alternative fishing methods, awareness, training and communication activities among fishing communities all along the coast in order to disseminate achievements beyond pilot sites,

• • • • •


scientific monitoring of project impacts by Senegal’s Fisheries Research Institute (CRODT) in collaboration with the IRD.

Bamboung is the only area protected by decree. Because of this, progress with MPA projects has not been up to expectations.

LESSONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS 1. The project is relevant. In terms of biodiversity, the locations of the project’s five marine protected areas (MPAs) cover a variety of situations that are representative of Senegal's marine diversity. Moreover, three of these (Bamboung in the Saloum Delta and the two zones in Casamance) are zones of regional biodiversity interest. Finally, thanks to the diversity and wealth of ecosystems in the Saloum Delta basin, the Bamboung MPA has been listed as a UNESCO biosphere reserve since 1981.

4. Oceanium’s method for creating MPAs has proved exemplary and ensures significant presence in the field. Videos highlighting problems encountered (e.g. juvenile fish captures, damage to the sea ground, etc.) were filmed locally and shown at village meetings, providing a basis for subsequent discussions. Most of the activities promoted by Oceanium rely on volunteer work that ensures close community involvement.

2. The establishment of a community MPA has proved to be exemplary. The Oceanium project has resulted in the establishment of Senegal’s first functional Marine Protected Area. The Keur Bamboung MPA is unique in the country and is serving as a textbook example for the sub-region. It is already receiving exchange visits from Guinea-Conakry and Guinea Bissau as well as from other regions in Senegal. 3. The threats to the project that were identified during its development have largely been brought under control. The decree listing five MPA sites supported by Oceanium has not been published; to date,

5. Scientific monitoring of the aquatic environment and fishing resources showed indisputable improvements in the marine ecosystem. Scientific monitoring of each MPA created was planned as part of the project. To date, only the Bamboung MPA is being monitored. In collaboration with the CRODT and the IRD, resulting in the publication of scientific research work, an ex-ante reference assessment was carried out before the protective measures were applied. Monitoring work is focusing on fishing but also provides information on fish biodiversity. The main results after four years of scientific monitoring are: an increase in the number of species found, an increase in biodiversity with the return of large predators and fish species with high market value, an

(4) Centre de Recherche Océanographique

Marking out the Petit Kassa community MPA in Casamance © J.F. Hellio & N. Van Ingen - 2008

43


Capitalisation activities in 2007

Senegal – Replanting site for 500 000 mangrove trees in 2007 © J.F. Hellio & N. Van Ingen- 2008

improvement in the structure of fish populations and a possible increase in biomass within the MPA. Finally, it is very likely that the MPA is helping to improve fish catches and incomes for fishing communities. 6. Oceanium has become a flagship organisation in the region thanks to support from the FGEF, which in turn has received a boost to its image. The assessment team noted Oceanium’s excellent reputation in all the zones visited in Senegal. They found very positive reports in the local and international press with numerous articles in magazines such as National Geographic, Terres Sauvages, Grands Reportages, Voyages and Océans. Oceanium also participates in numerous local radio and television broadcasts. The Casamance and Keur Bamboung projects have been featured in two Thalassa programmes on the French France3 TV channel, including a 30-minute feature entirely dedicated to the project. In each case, the programmes highlighted the FGEF’s support to Oceanium.

44

3-TUNISIA ENERGY EFFICIENCY IN BUILDINGS AND THERMAL STANDARDS Beneficiary: Tunisian Energy Management Agency Sector: Climate Change Convention signed: October 2000 Planned duration: 4 years Total cost: 10.3 M€ FGEF contribution: 1.9 M€ Project promoter: AFD Project description and relevance to the intervention context The project assessed addresses the development of thermal and energy regulations for new buildings in Tunisia, conducted in accordance with an original “experimental anticipation” process. The aim of this approach is to identify the different obstacles to the operational implementation of the regulation and to eliminate these obstacles prior to its adoption. The project received subsidies from the FGEF (1.9 M€), the GEF (4.4 M USD or 4.2 M€) as well as contributions from the Tunisian State (2.1 MDT or 1.6 M€) and the Tunisian prime contractors (2.7 MDT or 2.6 M€). The project was managed by a team working within the Tunisian Energy Management Agency (ANME), which established a steering committee made up of representatives from the ministries concerned, profes-


sional organisations and associations and funding agencies. The project was found to be relevant in that it responds to the increasing deficit in the energy balance, the growing share of energy demand from the building sector and increasing convenience needs. It is fully in line with Tunisia's national strategy for energy management up to 2030. The project covers : identification, design, construction and monitoring of 46 demonstration operations conducted by public and private professionals in the residential and tertiary sectors, capacity building among those involved in the process and activities to mobilise professional involvement; development of specific tools, including technical guides for professionals and the creation of an energy efficiency and convenience label for buildings.

• • •

The project focused on new rather than existing constructions. This decision was consistent with the boom in new construction activities at the time when the project was launched. The project fostered simple, low-cost technical improvements in all buildings (roof and wall insulation, reversing the bricks used in double partitions(5)), and diversified other improvements in order to foster innovations that are saving one third of energy on average. Well-designed documentation of high technical quality was produced and used to support a large number of training programmes.

However, the thermal regulation for new housing concerns the construction sector as a whole. Specific financial incentives should therefore be provided in the case of welfare housing, as an accompanying measure when the regulation enters into force. In general, with projects for energy efficiency in buildings, it is preferable to begin with new housing even if the potential for savings is lower, because it is always easier and cheaper to incorporate thermal modifications at the design stage. 3. Achieving reductions in energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions on the scale of an entire city demands an overall approach integrating transport networks, the density of built-up areas, employment, industry and residential locations. 4. The assessment team emphasised the smooth running of this project and the substantial amount of work accomplished by the project team and participating professionals. This is one of the very few pilot projects on the implementation of thermal regulations in buildings currently in existence across the world. The resulting good practice is worth disseminating internationally. The project’s impacts are significant, particularly as regards climate issues, and will increase considerably with the promulgation of the regulation and the application of its accompanying incentives.

LESSONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS 1. The FGEF and GEF strengthened the effectiveness of the approach by increasing the visibility of activities within a specific project and by facilitating international exchanges of know-how. Long-term support has been successfully established. Because these are multiple-component, low-cost projects where responsiveness is a determining factor, funding agencies and host organisations need to establish simplified financing procedures that are suited to the local context. 2. Efforts to achieve maximum energy savings at least cost to government departments could result in targeting luxury rather than welfare housing.

(5) Reversing the construction of double partitions by placing 8-hole bricks on the outside and 12-hole bricks on the inside to increase the inertia of the wall.

45


Communication activities in 2007

CAPITALISATION STUDIES AND SEMINARS, 2007 ON THE ENVIRONMENT IN GENERAL Paris Conference entitled Citoyens de la Terre (“Citizens of the Earth”) for global ecological governance, February 2007: FGEF participation (SecretaryGeneral and CST Chairman) in the round-table on biodiversity and ceremony and presentation of an exhibition entitled Biodiversité et Humanité – nos vies sont liées (Biodiversity and Humanity – our lives are intertwined). The exhibition has been on display since December 2006 in the entrance hall of the Secretariat for the Biodiversity Convention in Montreal.

Publication in French of the FGEF’s Strategic Programming Framework for 2007-2008. Publication in French and English of the retrospective analysis of ex-post assessments of projects cofinanced by the FGEF.

of the FGEF web site •atRedesign www.ffem.fr to include disbursement procedures in English, French, Portuguese and Spanish. All FGEF communications during the events cited above are available on the Web site.

citations of the FGEF in six leaflets published •byNumerous the AFD (in French and English and/or Portuguese), on the AFD’s work in Mozambique, Morocco and Tunisia, in cities and urban development and with NGOs.

Presentation of global environment issues and FGEF activities : Master ’s Degree in Sustainable Development – Centre for International Development Studies and Research (CERDI ), University of Auvergne – UMR 6587. ON THE ENVIRONMENT BY FOCAL AREA

Map of the AFD/FGEF group’s project portfolio on energy efficiency and renewable energy and retrospective assessment of the Lebanon project.

CLIMATE CHANGE

Seminar on “Financing Energy Management in •Tunisia and the Mediterranean Countries” (24-25 April 2007, in Hammamet) : contribution by the FGEF Secretariat on “Development Assistance and Energy Management – the FGEF Experience”. Nations in Geneva, 27 April 2007 : signature •withUnited Mr Marek Belka, the Executive Secretary of the Economic Commission for Europe and former Prime Minister of Poland, and Mr JM Ripert, Ambassador for

46


France, of the FGEF cofinancing convention for a project on “capacity building and support to the implementation of an energy efficiency fund”. Article in “Objectif Chine” Newsletter, June 2007, “L’énergie en Chine – partenariats dans l’énergie propre”. Paris, 1 October 2007 : signature at Matignon, the French Prime Minister’s residence, of an FGEF convention (for public transport in Hanoi City) during the visit of the Vietnamese Prime Minister, in the presence of the French and Vietnamese authorities. European Development Days (Lisbon, 7 – 9 November 2007) on integrating climate issues in development : http://www.eudevdays.eu/Public/SideEvent.php by the GRET, AFD, MAEE and FGEF: contribution to the side event – publication of leaflets on climate change : “A AFD e as mudancas climaticas – Uma estrategia e instrumentos renvados” and “A França, parceiro international das alteracçoes climaticas” and poster a poster entitled “ F r a n c e and Climate Change” that includes the FGEF logo.

Energy and SMEs/SMIs, the Mayor of Casablanca, representatives from the French Embassy, the AFD and the World Bank (22 November 2007).

• •

10th Anniversary of the IZDIHAR Association – Casablanca

INTERNATIONAL WATERS

Romania – Hungary - project for integrated management of the Körös/Crisuri Basin - article in “Danube Watch” magazine – www.icpdr.org.

CDM support programme in China : production of a •leaflet presenting the project (in English and French).

BIODIVERSITY Cooperation project (“Support to CDM project set-up”)

Award ceremony for the FGEF-WWF-Terre Sauvage competition on “Action for Biodiversity in Africa” in Gabon by the Ambassador for France in the presence of the representatives of the WWF, to the two

Diploma for the PPI competition in Gabon – 1st prize : Maison du Tourisme et de la Nature

Casablanca : participation in the 10th anniversary •celebrations of the IZDIHAR Association (“energy efficiency in industry” project in the Sidi Bernoussi industrial park) of the FGEF Secretary-General, who made a speech in the presence of the Moroccan Ministers for

47


Communication activities in 2007

prize-winners. First prize of 15 000 € to the Maison du Tourisme et de la Nature NGO ; second prize of 10 000 € to the Amis du pangolin NGO.

Courrier de la Planète magazine, January-March •issue 2007 - FGEF cited for the “Home Garden of Ethiopia” project.

Diploma for the PPI competition in Gabon – 1st prize : Maison du Tourisme et de la Nature

Article in Courrier de la Planète

FGEF cited in “Libération” in an article on antelopes in the Sahel (La resurrection des antilopes au Sahel), Sunday 11 March 2007 International working group on sustainable tourism - March 2007 - contribution during the Round Table on “Tourism and Territories”. Continental magazine - March 2007 - article on exemplary projects in Africa (Quand l’Afrique donne l’exemple), On Radio France International (RFI) : - Interview with J.Calas from the FGEF Secretariat during a symposium on agricultural biodiversity in the Sahel, broadcast during the “Atelier des Sciences” programme in the week of 21st May. - Interview with the Director-General of the IUCN on Monday 22 October 2007 (11:40 a.m. to 12:00) during the Visiteur du Jour programme : the value of the FGEF’s small initiatives programme was emphasised and illustrated by a further interview with a project promoter from Benin. France TV report on the “Conservancies*” project financed by the FGEF during the visit to Namibia by Minister M. Bockel in September 2007.

The event was covered by the local press, and an article was published in the December-January issue of Terre Sauvage magazine.

• •

Article on the competition in Terre Sauvage magazine

Galardon Awards 2007: the Ambassador for France •receives the first prize in the International Cooperation category, awarded to the FGEF for “Coco Island, a World Heritage Site”, from the President of the Republic of Costa Rica.

* The “Conservancies Network” project

Article on the Bamboung Marine Protected Area in “Le Monde”

Costa Rica : the FGEF receives the 2007 award for “Coco Island, a World Heritage Site”

In “Le Monde” travel supplement of 27 September •2007 : FGEF cited in an article on ecotourism in Senegal (Sénégal – le gout du Paradis).

Article in Directsoir : www.directsoir.net

48


FGEF contribution to a publication by the World Association of Soil and Water Conservation entitled “No-Till Farming Systems”, October 2007.

WWF annual review for 2007: WWF programme in Madagascar and the Western Indian Ocean (FGEF cited).

FGEF cited in the annual review published by WWF Madagascar FGEF participation in the WASWC publication

• November 2007 issue of the monthly magazine “30 millions d’amis” (readership 2.2 million) : feature on antelopes (Un troupeau à la reconquête du désert) and the antelopes project in the Sahel and Sahara promoted by the MEDAD, showing the FGEF logo. Grenelle Environment Forum – report from working group n°2 on “preserving biodiversity and natural resources” issued on 26 September 2006 : FGEF cited on page 26 as follows : “French responsibility and international commitment … to a gradual increase in the share of Official Development Assistance for the protection of biodiversity and natural resources to 10% by 2012, through additional contributions to the French Global Environment Fund (100 M€ every four years)…” Cambodia : FGEF support to an environmental film Festival, in association with the AFD. Cambodia: FGEF support to a Cambodian television programme on the environment, in association with the AFD. Leaflet on “scientific tourism among the bonobos” produced by the African Wildlife Foundation, emphasising the role of the FGEF in the project for the LomakoYokola wildlife reserve in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Leaflet on the project for “Biodiversity Conservation in South Africa’s Cape Peninsula“ cofinanced by the FGEF.

• •

La gestion concertée des resources naturelles – l’épreuve du temps (“Joint Management of Natural Resources – the Test of Time”) published by Gret and Karthala, featuring a selection of contributions to the GEGOREV symposium in June 2006. Biodiversity feature in Regards sur la Terre – Nature et développement annual review 2007 – Les repères du développement durable – 2008 agenda – edited by Pierre Jacquet and Laurence Tubiana, Les Presses Sciences Po : contribution to the feature from FGEF engineers. Exhibition on marine resource use in Senegal (Sénégal – l’homme et la mer) at the Porte Dorée Aquarium, Paris (18 December 2007 to 22 June 2008) featuring the activities of the NGO Oceanium supported by the FGEF.

• •

Leaflet on the Senegal exhibition

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Gret/Karthala publication


Communication activities in 2007

OZONE LAYER

20th anniversary celebrations of the Montreal •Protocol held in Montreal on 16 September 2007 -

DOCUMENTATION AND PRESS ARTICLES

speech by the head of French delegation, the Secretary-General of the FGEF and “ozone” awards given by the Canadian minister of the environment and the UNEP Director-General on 17 September 2007.

The FGEF receives an award for its activities under the Montreal protocol

Leaflet on South Africa. FGEF project for biodiversity conservation in the Cape Peninsula

M.A. Martin receives an award on behalf of the FGEF for its role in implementing the Multilateral Fund for the implementation of the Montreal Protocol “in recognition of its extraordinary assistance to developing countries as part of the worldwide effort to eliminate ozone-depleting substances and protect the ozone layer”, from the Canadian minister for the environment and the Director-General of UNEP.

Press conference at the MEDAD with Secretary of •State Mme Nathalie Kosciusko-Morizet for the 20th

The FGEF’s “ozone” leaflet

anniversary of the Montreal protocol : participation and speech by the FGEF Secretary-General on 13 September 2007 on “The Multilateral Fund for the Montreal Protocol - French cooperation and protection of the stratospheric ozone layer”.

New edition of the ATIBT’s “Forest Production” publication

Publication of the FGEF leaflet on ozone to complete its collection of topic-centred leaflets (biodiversity, climate change and international waters), which are updated every two years.

Africa Programme - pesticide stockpiles in Tunisia

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Oceanium feature in the National Geographic

Partnership for the forests of the Congo Basin

Oceanium exhibition in Dakar (June 2007)

Posters for Oceanium-mer and Oceanium-terre

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Appendices

FGEF MANAGEMENT BODIES : STEERING COMMITTEE, SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL COMMITTEE AND SECRETARIAT STEERING COMMITTEE The steering committee is the decision-making body for the FGEF. It is chaired by the representative from the Ministry for the Economy (Directorate-General for the Treasury and Economic Policy) and is made up of representatives from the following institutions : Ministry of the Economy, Industry and Employment, Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs, Ministry of Education, Higher Education and Research, Ministry of Ecology and Sustainable Development and Planning, French Development Agency.

• • • • •

The steering committee met three times in 2007. Issuing decisions on : identification files after receiving opinions from the scientific and technical committee, ssessment reports, enabling the Secretariat to commit funds, overall FGEF policy and recommendations for the Secretariat.

• • •

STEERING COMMITTEE MEMBERS AND ACTING MEMBERS (AS OF 31/12/2007) MINISTRY OF THE ECONOMY, INDUSTRY AND EMPLOYMENT Directorate-General for the Treasury and Economic Policy

- Representative Directorate for Scientific Cooperation and Research MINISTRY OF ECOLOGY AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AND PLANNING

- Julien Rencki (Chairman) Department for Multilateral Affairs and Development Deputy Director for International Financial Affairs and Development

- Aline Kuster-Ménager Head, International Affairs MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, HIGHER EDUCATION AND RESEARCH

- François Marion Chief Officer for Development Assistance and Multilateral Development Institutions

- Pierre Fabre Advisor for Research to the Director for International Relations and Cooperation (DRIC)

- Nicolas Prego Chief Officer for Project Assistance with the International Business Development Branch

- François Clin Deputy Director of the Department for Energy, Transport, Environment and Natural Resources with the Technology Directorate

MINISTRY OF FOREIGN AND EUROPEAN AFFAIRS - Odile Roussel Deputy Director for the Environment Directorate for Economic and Financial Affairs

FRENCH DEVELOPMENT AGENCY (AFD) - Roger Goudiard Director, Asia Department

- Representative Directorate for the United Nations and International Organisations

- Robert Peccoud Director of the Research and Knowledge Management Department, Strategy Directorate

- André Pouillés-Duplaix Deputy Director for Sectoral Policies and the Millennium Objectives Directorate General for International Cooperation and Development In bold : full members

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SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL COMMITTEE (CST)

• •

The CST has 10 members who : issue recommendations at the identification stage, contribute to the processing of applications and supply observations at the commitment stage, should the case arise,

• •

guide and conduct studies relating to the scientific and technical aspects of the global environment, take part in initiatives aiming to inform and raise awareness among French and international partners on the challenges raised by global environmental issues.

MEMBERS OF THE SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL COMMITTEE (AS OF 31/12/2007) Michel Griffon (Chairman of the CST) ANR Didier Babin CIRAD Marc Bied-Charreton University of St Quentin en Yvelines Lucien Chabason IDDRI Patrick Duncan CNRS Pierre Giraud ENSMP CERNA Michel Hamelin ADEME Rémi Pochat LCPC CGGREF Jacques Rilling CSTB and GIEC Louis-Alexandre Romaña IFREMER

All focal areas Biodiversity Land degradation Sustainable development – economics Biodiversity Economics Climate Change International Waters Climate Change International Waters

THE FGEF SECRETARIAT The FGEF Secretariat is attached to the Strategy Directorate of the French Development Agency (AFD). In 2007, the members of the Secretariat were as follows : Secretary-General, Engineer for Biodiversity, Engineer for International Waters, Land Degradation and Forests, Engineer for Climate Change, Engineer for Biodiversity, Climate Change and Chemical Pollutants,

• • • • •

• •

Two management officers, Two assistants.

Protection of the stratospheric ozone layer is a specific mission requiring the long-term services of an external consultant.

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Appendices

The Secretariat's operational activities are organised into three categories : 1. Contributions to the processing and monitoring of projects financed by the FGEF This is the Secretariat's primary and most important mission in support of FGEF member institutions. It involves examining projects, informing and consulting with the different partners in France (public, private and associations) and abroad (bilateral and multilateral), and work on ex-ante appraisals, implementation monitoring and ex-post evaluations. 2. Participation in thematic or sectoral studies conducted in France on global environment topics The Secretariat is responsible for informing its development assistance partners. It also participates in various bodies or initiatives (such as the scientific committee of the Interministerial Task Force on Climate Change or the Plan Bleu). Under the aegis of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Secretariat has contributed to preparatory work relating to the environment carried out by the

Interministerial Committee for International Cooperation and Development. Linking up with these activities is the Secretariat's participation in interministerial work on the climate and biodiversity conventions, and more broadly on national strategies for sustainable development and biodiversity. 3. Monitoring multilateral financing mechanisms for the global environment This concerns both the Global Environment Facility and the Multilateral Fund for Implementation of the Montreal Protocol. Monitoring of the GEF is a mission which is specific to the FGEF Secretariat. This task ensures that the Secretariat team is well informed as to GEF strategies, programmes and projects, while also enabling its members to put forward their own points of view on the strength of ten years of experience. The Head of the Secretariat deputises for the representative of the Directorate General for the Treasury and Economic Policy on the GEF Council.

MEMBERS OF THE FGEF SECRETARIAT, 2007 Marc-Antoine Martin (extension 3374) martinma@afd.fr Julien Calas calasj@afd.fr Philippe Bosse (extension 3065) bossep@afd.fr Christophe du Castel (extension 3310) ducastelc@afd.fr Ghislain Rieb (extension 3538) riebg@afd.fr Denise Parmentier (extension 3368) parmentierd@afd.fr Laurence Alligbonnon (extension 3093) alligbonnonl@afd.fr Véronique Lefebvre (extension 4116) lefebvrev@afd.fr Elisabeth Carpentier (extension 3496) carpentiere@afd.fr

Secretary-General Biodiversity Climate Change International waters, land degradation, forests Biodiversity, climate change, chemical pollutants Corporate and budget affairs Budget affairs/Monitoring of financing agreements Assistance to engineers Assistant coordinator Budget affairs/Monitoring of disbursements Assistance to engineers

External expert responsible for ozone layer protection projects under the Montreal Protocol : Béatrice Vincent (extension 3943 – vincentb1@afd.fr).

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supported by the Secretariat, mid-term assessment if required, management of funds by the AFD.

6. Report on project completion

This mission involves : formulating opinions on the GEF’s strategic and operational activities and its organisation and management, examining the projects, programmes and policy orientations submitted to it. Monitoring of the Multilateral Fund for Implementation of the Montreal Protocol on protection of the ozone layer involves taking part in its Executive Committee meetings, monitoring operational activities and participating whenever required in meetings between the parties.

THE PROJECT CYCLE Project stages are as follows : 1. Pre-identification : member institution – secretariat – promoter 2. Identification preparation of an identification file by one of the institutional partners with the potential beneficiary, support from the FGEF secretariat to file preparation and formatting, verification of project eligibility by the FGEF secretariat, opinions from the FGEF scientific and technical committee and secretariat, authorisation from the steering committee to launch ex-ante project appraisal.

• • • • •

3. Ex-ante appraisal detailed definition of the technical, economic and institutional conditions for project implementation and of the focal points for applying finance on the basis of the project’s feasibility, logical framework and presentation document

4. Commitment approval of the project by the steering committee, opinions given by the CST and the Secretariat, signature of the financing agreement with the beneficiary.

• •

5. Implementation project implementation by the beneficiary, monitoring and supervision by the French institution

• •

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• •

7. Ex-post evaluation assessment of results and impacts after project completion.

8. Communication to third parties (CDs, leaflet, etc.) 9. Capitalisation retrospective assessments, documentation and seminars.

Communication on the project after completion or after ex-post evaluation is carried out by the member institution with support from the Secretariat and/or the beneficiary partners. Communication may focus on a group of projects relating to a common topic or geographical area.

MAIN ACRONYMS : Agence française de développement – French Development Agency CDM : Clean Development Mechanism CER : Certified Emission Reduction unit FASEP : Fonds d’aide au secteur privé - Private Sector Assistance Fund GEF : Global Environment Facility GTZ : Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit JI : Joint Implementation MAEE : Ministère des affaires étrangères et européennes – French Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs MEDAD : Ministère de l’écologie, du développement et de l’aménagement durables (French Ministry for Ecology and Sustainable Development and Planning) MIES : Mission interministérielle de l’effet de serre Interministerial Task Force on Climate Change MLF : Multilateral Fund for implementation of the Montreal Protocol MPA : Marine Protected Area NDRC : National Development and Reform Commission NGO : Non-Governmental Organization ODA : Official Development Assistance ODP : Ozone Depletion Potential ODS : Ozone-Depleting Substances PASP : Programme on African Stock Piles POP : Persistent Organic Pollutants UNEP : United Nations Environment Programme UNDP : United Nations Development Programme UNIDO : United Nations Industrial Development Organization AFD


FGEF Secretariat : practical information Adress : FFEM-FGEF / Agence Française de Développement 5 rue Roland Barthes – 75598 Paris cedex 12, France Tél. : 33 (0) 1 53 44 42 42 Fax : 33 (0) 1 53 44 32 48 Email : ffem@afd.fr

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Photo credits : M. Ait Sahlia, P. Burger, J. Calas, C. du Castel, E. Debroise, GERES, GEVALOR, J.-J. Goussard, A. Gouin, J.F. Hellio & N. Van Ingen, N. Hertkorn, M. Hurdebourcq, A. Mamaou, G. Mauvais, Megaptera, A. Mourtada, J.C. Pecresse, D. Plouvier, RĂŠnatura, G. Rieb, SEED, C. Simonneau, B. Vincent.


FRENCH GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT FACILITY AGENCE FRANÇAISE DE DÉVELOPPEMENT 5, rue Roland Barthes 75598 PARIS cedex 12 Tél. +33 1 53 44 42 42 - Fax +33 1 53 44 32 48 http://www.ffem.fr - Email : ffem@afd.fr

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FONDS FRANÇAIS POUR L’ENVIRONNEMENT MONDIAL


2007 Annual Report