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In a much-vaunted publicity stunt, Seattle Police Foundation officials gave out bags of Doritos on the 2nd day of Seattle Hempfest to share a bit of information on Initiative 502. One chip bag sold on eBay later that night for more than $50.
Seattle hempfest remains one of the few places in the world where joe schmo can walk around with a lit joint in one hand and a bong in the other. But after more than 20 years as the world’s largest marijuana protestival, and continued expansion in an already decidedly small park, the event could have to decide whether it want’s to be an activist cause or another trade show.
The Activism Issue
Updates on I-502
Green Monster Club
Deep Water Culture
Where does legalization stand?
An enjoyable summer afternoon Small town feel in big Tacoma
Georgetown’s family business
Four outspoken patients to know What’s wrong in Whitman County?
Dr. Rose on why it’s and isn’t possible Dr. Scanderson on efficient growing
NATIONAL NEWS...................14 TACOMA ACCESS..................30 SEATTLE ACCESS..................34 HEMPFEST PHOTOS..............16 STRAIN OF THE MONTH ........40 PULLMANS PROBLEMS.........58 TASTY RECIPES......................64 MICROSTRAINS.....................68 CANNABIS ADDICTION............70 EFFICIENT GROWING................74 BEHIND THE STRAIN...............78
COVER & CONTENTS PHOTOS by Daniel Berman/Northwest Leaf
16 Seattle hempfest tHE WORLDâ€™S LARGEST marijuana protestival celebrated all things Cannabis and Hemp and called for the legalization, worldwide, of both. But as the event grows older and larger, organizers will have to decide if this is a protest or just another big trade show. Photo by Daniel Berman
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Thank you for checking out the 39th issue of northwest leaf!
his month our cover story features four amazing activists who have carried the torch for medical Cannabis for many years. For some, the activism began in the 60’s and 70’s, and that is something we want to share. While most people who smoke pot today recognize that it is both a civil and social right to do so, many are taking it for granted. Hempfest is a perfect example of this, where a few hundred thousand people come smoke without understanding the sacrifices and freedoms it takes to make this kind of an event. In the medical Cannabis community, the drive for activism is the fuel that has kept the fire burning through SWAT/Drug task force raids, open prejudice from city councils and officials, and outright opposition from out state legislature to respect our medicine. In short, without activism there would not be a MMJ movement, nor would there be a Northwest Leaf. Our publication has called itself the patients voice, and because of patients
like the four on our cover this month we have voices to share! For our readers- Please understand that our medicine of choice is just that. A choice. And the majority of Americans do not even get the opportunity to make it an option. We need to stand up for our medicine, and our constitutional rights, and show the world that we have the power to make change. Whether it’s sharing a controversial article or picture on Facebook, or standing up against biased DARE programs at the next PTA meeting, each time you raise your voice we become stronger as a collective group. The time has come to stand up for our medicine, and a plant that has grown naturally on earth since the beginning of time. Thanks for reading Northwest Leaf, and I hope you enjoy our activism issue!
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I-502 news & updates Board asks for more time to create rules
he Washington State Liquor Control Board Act, an agency must re-file proposed rules if there announced on August 13 the first in a series of are any substantive changes.” postponements and delays of their rule-mak“Should the Board accept the proposed rules on ing schedule for the implementation of limited September 4, staff will immediately file a new CR marijuana legalization measure I-502. 102 (proposed rulemaking) with the Code Reviser’s “While described as business as usual in a careoffice and begin a six week schedule of collecting fully crafted press release from the Board, the new public input and holding at least one public heardelay reflects a botched administrative procedure ing,” the press release states. and a defective environmental review under the “The agency’s published timeline will be adjusted State Environmental Policy Act,” Cannabis Acto reflect the new schedule.” tion Coalition’s Steve Sarich told The WSLCB said it remained on Northwest Leaf. schedule to meet the I-502 required The WSLCB said it remains This comes as no surprise to I-502 deadline of having rules in place by on schedule to meet the critics such as Arthur West of the December 1. December 1st deadline CAC, who filed a Superior Court Key elements of the rules that will required under I-502 action in Thurston County on July be included in the revised proposed 26 to contest the July 3 rules and rules include limiting the amount of accompanying State Environmental Policy Act total marijuana production; identifying the num(SEPA) determination of “non-significance” that ber and whereabouts of retail locations per county; was apparently issued after the rules were finalized. identifying the total amount of cannabis that a li“Under the current schedule, the Board was censee may have on hand; and “further clarifying expected to adopt the final rules at its regularly certain definitions and other revisions.” scheduled Board meeting tomorrow,” the Board “The process is working exactly as it should,” stated in an August 13 press release. “Should the claimed agency director Rick Garza, who may well Board accept staff ’s recommendation, staff will be losing his job if heads have to roll (and I’m not come back to the Board on September 4, 2013, talking joints) before this contretemps is over. with revised proposed rules.” “Potential licensees, local governments, law enIn announcing its intention to recommend that forcement the general public all deserve clarity and the Board refile the rules to implement I-502, the certainty in the rules,” Garza said. Board announced its “staff received sufficient input “Our stakeholders are not telling us to hurry up,” to warrant re-filing the proposed rules” since filing Garza claimed. the proposed rules on July 3. “In fact, they are asking us to consider their com“Last week, the Board held five public hearings ments for the proposed rules. Their input now will across the state to solicit input,” the press release only help strengthen and improve the rules that will states. “Under the state Administrative Procedures govern Washington’s system of legal marijuana.
Revised Proposed Rulemaking Schedule SEPT. 4 >> File CR 102 & revised proposed rules OCT. 9 >> Public Hearing (Location TBD) OCT. 16 >> Board Adoption (CR 103) NOV. 16 >> Rules become effective NOV. 18 – DEC. 18 >> Applications accepted
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For more information on the implementation of I-502, including fact sheets, FAQs, a revised timeline, and to even sign up for email alerts, visit the WSLCB website at www.liq.wa.gov.
Did the LCB Simply Forget to File an Environmental Impact Statement? Judging by the appearance of things, it seems distinctly possible — nay, probable — that the WSLCB clean forgot to file an Environmental Impact Statement for the proposed rules. If that’s so, Tuesday’s press release represents an elaborate attempt at ass coverage. At the WSLCB’s public hearings, critics argued that there simply isn’t any way the Board could determine that the proposed I-502 rules have “no potential for significant impacts,” especially with more than 50 cities and counties having declared “emergencies” and adopting moratoriums or interim zoning measures due to I-502. Cities and counties assailed the Board’s lack of SEPA compliance and failure to address land use and adverse impact concerns. The failure of the Board to address the foreseeable adverse impact of federal action to seize state and private assets if I-502 were implemented was also criticized at the public hearings, according to the CAC. The Liquor Control Board’s own records were cited to demonstrate that the Board’s environmental review was cursory, and postdated the actual rules themselves, a violation of the procedural requirements of SEPA. “Significantly, it was not until a petition to revoke the rules for noncompliance with SEPA was filed on July 11 that the Board even issued a determination of non-significance on July 12,” Sarich pointed out. “How long will it take the Liquor Control Board to comply with the State Environmental Policy Act?” That’s still unknown, because to actually follow the Act, the Board would have to conduct a scoping process to make a threshold determination, according to Sarich, then issue either a DS (Determination of Significance), MDNS (Mitigated Determination of Significance), or DNS (Determination of Non-Significance), and possibly conduct an Environmental assessment or a full EIS (Environmental Impact Statement).
fEDERAL SENTENCING CHANGES ON THE WAY >> “We must never stop being tough on crime,” Attorney General Holder said last month
ast month, U.S. Attorney General Eric on drugs” bills were made law during the “Just Holder announced major federal sentencSay No” Reagan ‘80s, the federal prison popuing changes, including dropping the use of lation has grown about 800 percent. Federal mandatory minimum sentencing in certain prisons are now at 40 percent over capacity, acdrug cases, expediting the release of certain noncording to the Department of Justice. violent elderly prisoners, leaving more offenses to “There’s no good reason why the Obama state courts to deal with, and working with Conadministration couldn’t have done something gress to pass bipartisan sentencing reform. like this during his first term – and tens, perIn the future, many low-level charges against haps hundreds, of thousands of Americans dealers not judged to be part of a large gang or have suffered unjustly as a result of their decartel will no longer detail how much they were lay,” said Ethan Nadelmann, executive director caught with, side-stepping the federal minimum of the Drug Policy Alliance (DPA). “But that sentencing laws, according to Holder. said, President Obama and Attorney General “We must never stop being tough on crime,” Holder deserve credit for stepping out now, Holder told the American Bar Association. “But and for doing so in a fairly decisive way.” we must also be smarter on crime. Too many “Attorney General Holder is clearly right Americans go to too many prisons for far too to condemn mass incarceration and racial dislong, and for no good law-enforcement reason ... parities in the criminal justice system,” said Although incarceration has a role Bill Piper, director of national afto play in our justice system, wide“Too many Americans fairs for the Drug Policy Alliance. spread incarceration at the federal, go to too many prisons “Both he and the president have state and local levels is both ineffecan opportunity to leave a lasting for far too long, and tive and unsustainable.” legacy by securing substantial, for no good lawThe United States has 25 percent long overdue drug policy reform.” enforcement reason.” of the world’s prison inmates, even Anthony Papa, media manthough it has just 5 percent of the ager at the Drug Policy Alliance, world’s population. Drug-related offenses drive served 12 years under New York’s Rockefeller most of this. drug laws before receiving clemency from the “We need to ensure that incarceration is used governor. “It isn’t clear, Papa said, “what the to punish, deter and rehabilitate -- not merely to Administration’s policy will mean for people convict, warehouse and forget,” the attorney gencurrently behind bars but Obama should use eral said, calling mandatory minimums “ultimately his presidential authority to pardon and, in unproductive.” particular, commute the sentences of people “The war on drugs is now 30, 40 years old,” who were charged under the old 100-to-1 Holder said in an interview with NPR. “There crack to powder cocaine ratio. have been a lot of unintended consequences. Society would be better served by not lockThere’s been a decimation of certain communities, ing up people for extraordinarily long senin particular communities of color.” tences for non-violent low level drug offenses. Since the 1980s, when a whole group of “tough It’s a waste of tax dollars and human lives.”
Number of marijuana plants airlifted by helicopter out of Idaho’s Sawtooth National Forest, the Cassia County officials reported last month, in a discovery worth $6.6 million. The DEA, Idaho State Police, U.S. Forest Service, Idaho National Guard and other local law enforcement helped on the mission.
Number of states in this nation that allow the medicinal use of marijuana by its residents. Marijuana remains a Schedule I drug under federal laws, meaning that officially, marijuana has no medical uses and possession of any amount is a crime.
Number of legal recreational marijuana stores open more than a year after voters approved recreational marijuana laws in Colorado and Washington state.
Number of people who paid $1,500 to apply for a license to operate a MMJ dispensary in Massachusetts last month. Just 35 licenses will be granted. Groups clearing an initial review and background check, Boston.com reports, must pay a non-refundable $30k application fee. Licenses will be granted by the end of the year.
Length in days of a moratorium in Puyallup, WA on production, distribution and sales of marijuana and infused products, until I-502 rules are finalized.
Percentage of annual profits under a proposed program that District of Columbia dispensaries would turn over to help subsidize pot purchases for low-income patients, plus a 20-percent discount on the patient’s entire order.
Dollar amount that a Canadian auto shop worker tweeted he wanted to spend on marijuana, a move that attracted 3,710 retweets and the loss of his job.
WE HAVE BEEN TERRIBLY AND SYSTEMATICALLY MISLED FOR NEARLY 70 YEARS IN THE UNITED STATES, AND I APOLOGIZE FOR MY OWN ROLE IN THAT.
- Dr. Sanjay Gupta, CNN Chief Medical Correspondent, describing his change of heart on the use of marijuana in a new documentary, “Weed,” that aired in August. The doc dispells misinformation while exploring why scientists can’t do research and how marijuana really helps people.
Photo by Kyu Han for Northwest Leaf
Festival or Trade Show? The Battle for the Soul of Seattle Hempfest By Steve Elliott for Northwest Leaf
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Photo by Daniel Berman
Another Seattle Hempfest has now become a fond (and perhaps, for some, hazy) memory. Twenty-two of the annual “protestivals” are now in the record books, but this one was different. This year was the first post- “legalization” Hempfest, the first since Washington state voters decided to approve I-502, the ballot initiative which legalizes possession of up to an ounce of pot by adults 21 and older, and also institutes strict DUI limits on THC blood levels.
ome mainstream media reports would have us believe that Hempfest is now more a celebration than a protest; for those who are easily satisfied with surface appearances, that may well be the case. But for those who have been watching and paying attention, Hempfest has been a celebration all along — a celebration of cannabis culture and the freedom we deserve. And as for “celebrations,” while one could get the idea from some of the shallower thinkers among those speaking at Hempfest that the battle is won, most of those capable of deeper mentation brought up the point that the approval of I-502 was only the first step down a very long road. We won’t reach the end of this road until marijuana is really legal, until you can grow it at home — until it has roughly the same level of regulation as tomatoes or cabbage. (A bit of rich irony about I-502 before we get on with it: On Sunday, I was at Seeley Stage, where, for years, joints have been traditionally thrown out at 4:20. As 4:20 approached on Sunday, the emcee announced that no joints could be distributed from the stage, due to the passage of 502. Ah, the joys of “legalization”!) The current severe over-regulation of cannabis is where the “protestival” part of Hempfest comes in: this festival has always defined itself as a freespeech event, a place where injustices can be decried, where the government and corporations can be held to a higher standard. That is the soul of Hempfest: to provide a venue where cannabis truths may be told, a level playing field where we can meet and plan our path forward.
Field of Dreams I love Seattle Hempfest. Back in 2004, I first achieved my long-held dream of actually attending the event, and I’ve been to every one since, except 2009, when abdominal surgery simply made it impossible. (I’ll always remember the wistful feeling of looking across Puget Sound from my apartment,
where I was convalescing, to the smoky waterfront of Myrtle Edwards Park.) After spending Friday, the first day of Hempfest, in the park on the beautiful Puget Sound waterfront this year — it really is a wonderful place for a pot rally — I couldn’t get rid of some disquieting feelings. The hundreds of merchandise booths lining the park and dominating the attendees’ attention at times gave the event a vibe more like a trade show than a festival; even some of the vendors were complaining to me about the sharply increased number of booths this year as compared to last. One vendor, citing high booth prices, said, “How do they expect us to break even on the booth fee when they divide the pie into much smaller slices by selling hundreds more booth spaces every year?” This particular vendor told me she and her husband had paid extra for a “corner” booth, to get the additional foot traffic and exposure, only to find that the space next to them — which was to have remained empty — had been promised to another vendor. Only vociferous protests by the husband had kept that from happening. Vendors definitely deserve to get what they pay for when it comes to placement and exposure, but that’s not the most worrisome problem when it comes to Hempfest commercialization.
The most worrisome problem, by far, is the possibility of co-option by big marijuana money now that implementation of I-502’s retail marijuana stores is coming down the pike.
Big Money I noticed banners advertising Diego Pellicer, Seattle-based would-be purveyors of “premium marijuana,” on a couple of the major stages. Jamen Shively, the recently departed CEO of Diego Pellicer, told the press a couple months ago that he planned to bring “connoisseur-grade” cannabis to the Washington state market, and that his company planned to charge up to $50 a gram for it. Now, that’s fine, as far as it goes — if he can find sucker stoners willing to pay $50 a gram, more power to everyone involved. BUT. Also part of Diego Pellicer — and still with the company in a “strategic alliance,” which says it aims to control up to 50 percent of the legal marijuana market — is Seattle Hempfest Vice President John Davis. Yes, Davis — the second-in-command at Hempfest, below only Executive Director Vivian McPeak — is very invested in the success of
Continued next page
“How do they expect us to break even on the booth fee when they divide the pie into much smaller slices by selling hundreds more booth spaces every year?” One vendor SAID, citing high booth prices. sept. 2013 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
By Steve Elliott for Northwest Leaf
Continued from pg. 17
I-502’s soon-to-come retail marijuana outlets, because he’s involved up to the ears in a company that will without question lose its ass if that doesn’t happen. Now, let’s think a minute about possible conflicts of interest between a festival which has as its raison d’être bringing all the educational voices in the cannabis community to the table, and a corporation which has as its reason for existence gleaning as much profit as possible for stockholders by selling cannabis for as much as the market will bear. It seems pretty obvious that if Diego Pellicer is a major financial contributor to Seattle Hempfest, that it might, shall we say, “influence” the selection of speakers and panelists for the stages and Hemposium panels that are the true lifeblood of the festival every year. It seems equally obvious that those who happen to be gadflies or outliers on the scene might be quickly and permanently frozen out, merely for pointing out the worms in this rapidly ripening apple we call “legalization” in Washington state. Those who haven’t been particularly friendly to Pellicer, or have been “bad for profits” — no matter how much they love Hempfest — might not be welcome. (I wasn’t even sure I’d be writing this commentary until, on Saturday night at closing time, a Hempfest staff member in his official t-shirt told the departing crowd, “Thank you for coming! It’s time to go home! Bring more money tomorrow!”)
We won’t reach the end of this road until marijuana is really legal, until you can grow it at home — until it has roughly the same level of regulation as tomatoes.
Frozen Out It’s not too hard to get frozen out of the Hempfest speaker schedule; just ask local gadfly/cannabis activist Steve Sarich of the Cannabis Action Coalition. Despite being one of the most prominent (and uncompromising) voices on the medical cannabis scene in Washington, he hasn’t been invited to speak for years. That is unfortunate, and not just for Sarich. That is unfortunate because Hempfest attendees never get to hear his point of view. They never even get the opportunity to consider what Sarich has to say. They never get a chance to process, analyze and digest his information and make it part of their own perspective on this rapidly changing world of cannabis legalization. Why? Apparently because Steve’s brash manner and outspoken nature have ruffled a few feathers. Hell, if brash manners and outspokenness — all the
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way past the point of rudeness — were grounds for disqualification to speak at Hempfest, John Davis himself wouldn’t be allowed to speak there, after some of the statements he made to anti-502 folks in the community last fall. But banning people from the discussion doesn’t serve anyone, except those who want to dominate the conversation at the expense of the facts.
Don’t Blame the Messenger
ow, I love and enjoy speaking at Hempfest. I love bringing the message of the cannabis plant and its productive, mutually beneficial 12,000-year relationship with the human species to people who want to know more about it — in fact, I believe that’s why I’m on this planet. There’s nothing I’d rather do than talk about marijuana, to share what I know about this wonderful plant with as many people as possible. So why on Earth would I possibly endanger my ability to do that at Seattle Hempfest again next year (after having a whale of a time speaking at Hempfest in 2011, 2012, and 2013) by pointing out the possible influence of big corporate money on the festival? Because the battle for the very soul of something that has been as beautiful, as important, as Seattle Hempfest shouldn’t occur in the dark, behind the closed doors of corporate board rooms and Core Staff meetings. The deals which decide who, exactly, will get to speak at next year’s rally shouldn’t be influenced by what might be “good for business” or “bad for business” from the point of view of a company selling $50 grams to over-monied hipsters. No, Hempfest has been far too special to let it go out like that. The sweat equity, the backbreak-
ing labor and total dedication of thousands of Hempfest volunteers is worth more than that. I’d like to think that the unpaid volunteers — to whom Hempfest owes its ability to function, its ability to come back and do another miracle every year — would influence festival policy as much as corporate bigwigs or in-groups. As I said, Hempfest volunteers are completely unpaid. They do what they do for “the cause,” that is, making marijuana legal for everyone and accessible to everyone who wants or needs it. They don’t do all that back-breaking labor just so that John Davis’s company can charge $50 a gram for over-priced yuppie buds. And damn few of these unpaid volunteers will ever be able to afford $50 a gram weed, anyway — I know I won’t. There’s absolutely nothing wrong with a free market economy. There’s nothing wrong with making an honest profit on a good product. There are, however, great perils in becoming dependent upon big corporations for your existence, Hempfest. Please beware. That kind of corporate money does not come without ceding some control. What’s it gonna be, Hempfest? Is the money gonna talk more loudly than the volunteers? Will a once proud and vital movement be co-opted by the glittering prizes and endless compromises of cannabis capitalism? Will free speech at Hempfest be one of the first casualties of “legal” marijuana in Washington?
STEVE ELLIOTT is the editor behind tokesignals.com, an independent blog of Cannabis news and opinion
Edward Barnes arrived in Seattle just one day before the event after moving from Detroit and owns a company called Keep Calm And Medicate Shirts. â€œThese three days are going to be a marathon.â€?
Photos by Daniel Berman
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STEVE ELLIOTT is the editor behind tokesignals.com, an independent blog of Cannabis news and opinion
Rocky Mountain High
Colorado’s expensive new legal marijuana store rules
he Colorado Department of Revenue opened three days of hearings to lay out licensing rules before retail sales of legal pot begin in January. The proposed rules require those who want to enter the cannabis business to pay up to $5,000 just to apply to be in the business, with no guarantee of acceptance. Operational licenses for retail stores then cost another $3,750 to $14,000, depending on their size. Growers will pay $2,750 per year, reports the Associated Press. Those who want to sell both medical and recreational marijuana will have to pay double under the proposed rules. Applicants must not only have plentiful cash; they must also pass a battery of criminal background checks and state residency requirements. No owners may live out of the state. All of the revenue will go to funding Colorado’s regulation of the marijuana industry, according to KDVR. Much of the money will go to cover the cost of a “seed to sale”
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tracking system, including video surveillance of all plants as the grow, and RFID tags on all packaging to ensure cannabis grown in Colorado stays there. “It’s going to be expensive for the businesses but it’s a way of making the inventory tracking much more efficient,” said Mike Elliott, executive director of the Medical Marijuana Industry Group. Still, Elliott complained that Colorado is charging the steep fees with no “rational basis in the costs of enforcement.” The cannabis industry is especially upset about double licensing fees faced by sellers of both recreational and medical marijuana. “It’s not going to cost twice as much to enforce the law at a dual-use facility,” Elliott said. “It’s going to cost more, but not twice as much.” Patient advocate Teri Robnett said she’s worried that many of Colorado’s 600 or so medical marijuana dispensaries will switch to all-recreational sales to avoid paying double licensing
fees, leaving patients without safe access to the specialized strains they need. “Patients ultimately will suffer,” Robnett said. On Wednesday, state officials are scheduled to explain proposed rules limiting advertising from the marijuana industry. Under one rule, retailers will be prohibited from advertising on any website which doesn’t very that all visitors are 21 or older. Another restricts marijuana businesses from advertising to consumers outside Colorado. The state’s final rules for legal marijuana will be final by mid-October. Retail sales may begin on January 1, 2014, but many municipalities have banned such shops, and others including Denver may not be ready by then and will start recreational sales later.
The fees will cover the cost of a “seed to sale” tracking system, including video surveillance of all plants as the grow, and RFID tags on all packaging to ensure cannabis grown in Colorado stays there.
Texas Cops Mistake Tomato Plants For Marijuana; Raid Hippie Commune
olice in Arlington, Texas could really use some brushing up on their “drug recognition” techniques after conducting an August 2 raid on the Garden of Eden, a hippie commune/organic farm, handcuffing the residents at gunpoint and damaging both the property and the crops. “They can’t even tell the difference between tomato plants and a marijuana drug cartel,” Garden of Eden resident Quinn Eaker told NBC 5. “That’s just really bad intel.” Several residents at the 3.5-acre sustainability garden were handcuffed at gunpoint by police officers during the raid -- which also involved a paramilitary SWAT team -- after an undercover officer and “helicopter surveillance” (yes, these morons were wasting taxpayer dollars spying on a hippie commune from a helicopter) supposedly gave law enforcement “probable cause” to believe pot was being grown on the premises. “They came here under the guise that we were doing a drug trafficking, marijuana-growing operation,” owner Shellie Smith told WFAA. “They destroyed everything.” Smith said officers took away their food, and everything they need for a sustainable lifestyle. “There were 15 to 20 blackberry bushes,” Smith said. “There were sunflowers for our bees and gifting. Lots of okra, and we had a sweet potato patch that they whacked down with a Weed-Eater.” “We have been targeted by the system because we are showing people how to live without it,” Smith said. “We are growing more than just toma-
toes here; we are growing the consciousness that will allow people to live freely and sustainably, and the system doesn’t want that to be known.” “The purpose was to improve the quality of life, to resolve life safety issues within neighborhoods and to hold the property owner responsible for creating blight conditions in their property, City of Arlington spokeswoman Sana Syed claimed in a written statement. “We live a very peaceful life here,” Eaker said. “We’ve never hurt anybody. This is our land. We have the right to be secure in our person and our property.” The Garden of Eden is described by residents as a community which has come together with the common values of freedom, sustainability and consciousness. Eaker told NBC 5 that the six adults who live at the farm were handcuffed when SWAT officers from the Arlington Police Department came with weapons drawn. “Yes, they were initially handcuffed,” admitted police spokesperson Christopher Cook. “However, once it was determined it was secure they were taken out of handcuffs. Typically we wouldn’t do that, but they were compliant,” Cook added, evidently expecting to be congratulated. Narcotics detectives and SWAT team members claim they left the farm within 45 minutes of their arrival -- but according to a statement posted on the Garden of Eden’s website, the raid lasted for an estimated 10 hours. Officers removed plants including blackberries and okra, as well as other items including pallets, tires and cardboard that the residents said they were using for sustainability projects. “I think every single right we have was violated,” Eaker said.
sept. 2013 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
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BY STEVE ELLIOTT FOR NORTHWEST LEAF | PHOTOS BY DANIEL BERMAN
he increasingly crowded festival schedule of the Pacific Northwest means that if you start a new event, you’d better have something to offer folks. The Hempseed Festival, sponsored by Sonshine Organics and the Washington Farmers Market in Olympia, needn’t have worried. Their down-home atmosphere and friendly welcome means they have one of the best cannabis markets and most loyal patient bases in the region, and Hempseed was a chance to bring out the whole family for a day of fun. Since I’m part of that loyal patient base – having first visited Washington Farmers Market and met Sarena Haskins a couple of years ago – I made it a point to get down to Olympia to check out the inaugural Hempseed Festival. I wasn’t disappointed. “Hempseed thrummed with the same sincere, friendly energy that infuses every Sonshine Market I have visited,” said Kate Waters, who has also been visiting the market for a couple years. “Sarena is genuinely interested in helping patients discover and have access to natural medicine and nutrition. “In addition to plenty of beautiful glass, wood, hemp, art and jewelry items on sale, the vended wares I noticed included massage therapy, a rich assortment of luscious looking medibles, a veritable emerald garden of clones and an organic Cannajuice bar,” Kate said. “It came as no surprise that the VIP lounge was
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Hempseed The Beginning Of A Beautiful Thing
August 3, 2013 — Olympia, WA
housed in a space that doubles as an exercise studio. “Speaking of that lounge,” Kate said, “my partner and I enjoyed an amazing guitar and vocal concert while sipping canna juice samples. There were actually three music venues, and performers rotated among them so all comers had a chance to be heard. “The outdoor stage also hosted a lineup of inspiring speakers,” Kate said. “And as dusk fell, we were treated to a poignant lantern ceremony in honor of all those we have lose to diseases that could have been eased, if not cured, by Cannabis. “Looking back on that Saturday I am amazed at just how much variety and quality experience was packed into a relatively small space and time,” Kate said. “But that is what keeps the Sonshine events feeling so comfortable and genuine, compared to many other Cannabis festivals I’ve attended.
A farmer’s market & fundraiser
Hempseed was alive with good friends, good food, good entertainment and good vibes.” “Sarena’s event was perfect,” Cannabis activist Jared Allaway, well known for his “Marijuana Is Safer Than Alcohol” t-shirts, told me. “I was happy to see Steve Sarich there reminding everyone that I-502 was not perfect legalization. There is still work that we can do to get the kinks out. A fun time was had by all; Sarena is very hospitable!” “It was a good time!” agreed Myo Mr. Keifbox, on hand with Cashy’s Treasure Chest along with Mike Hyde. “The smoke was superb. I look forward to the next one!” I noticed, over and over on that beautiful Saturday, that completely non-stressed smiles on people’s faces. “This is a real community,” I
Hempseed was a
beautiful Cannabis farmer’s market, heartfelt concert and neat opportunity to celebrate hemp and marijuana’s many medicinal uses in a low-key and friendly environment that really encouraged getting to know one another. The event raised money for the Cash Hyde Foundation and further cemented the community’s dedication to sticking together, no matter the challenge.
thought, and activist Cat Jeter said she truly agreed. “Hempseed 2013 was a brilliant example of the type of community building event increasingly needed as our Cannabis family throws off its isolation, develops, and matures in a dawning age of legalization,” Jeter told me. “The eclectic mix of local vendors, speakers, activities and interest represented at Hempseed’s family-friendly environment were a wonderful reminder of the richness of Cannabis culture in an age when we need to celebrate One Love as we work through the significant cultural changes ahead. Attendees Karen and Tim Elton, long-time fixtures at the Washington Farmers Market, were honored at Hempseed with a plaque. “Sarena informed us about a month or see before Hempseed that we would be getting a personality award at the festival,” Karen told me. “We were wondering what that meant, and boy did we find out! “I volunteered to do crafts that day with the kids that were dropped off at the Kids Zone,” Karen said. “It was so much fun! I enjoyed working with about a dozen kids that were a delight. After awhile, I was told to go out to the stage where the speakers were. “So many Cannabis activists speaking; we were in the company of some great people who were movers and shakers of the medical marijuana movement,” Karen said. I’m so proud to now be an activist and out of the MJ closet and everyone there was
The eclectic mix of vendors, speakers, activities and interest represented at Hempseed’s family-friendly environment were a wonderful reminder of the richness of Cannabis culture
also there for the same thing – to help, educate and advocate for this amazing new canna-family that we’ve all become. “When she announced us for ‘Volunteers of the Year,’ we were so surprised, honored and humbled by the roar of applause from our friends – it really was special for us,” Karen told me. We love to help at Sonshine Organics with their mission to help children who suffer from cancer. “It is an honor to be Volunteers of the Year, and we plan on continuing helping, whatever it takes – Children First!” Karen said.
sept. 2013 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
BY WES ABNEY | PHOTOS BY DANIEL BERMAN
The Durban Poison is a skunky flower that reaches out and slaps the Cannabinoid receptors with instant sweet relief and a heavy high.
Tacoma’s Green Monster Club Finding $10 per gram medicine and friendly service in this mellow collective
ucked away in north Tacoma is a comfy collective that has cultivated a small-town feel in a city of nearly 200,000 residents.
products. Today he has switched to providing a different part of nature, but the change has only made things better in his own life and in the community. “The difference between me and the other folks in the industry is that I am not in this to make money,” The best way to get to the Green Monster Club Russell said. “And I don’t take things too seriously. I is along Ruston Way, a 2-mile stretch of road that do things the old school way.” runs along the gorgeous waterfront along ComRussell has been involved in the industrial mencement Bay. The north end of Tacoma really is hemp scene since 1998, and began working in the beautiful, with green grass parks touching different medical Cannabis industry several years ago. He’s restaurants and shops to explore. known for a line of medibles and being a master of Just up the hill sits the collective, discretely servwholesale distribution. But it wasn’t until longtime ing patients and offering another friend Kevin Bren proposed a reason to sightsee in a new part of storefront that the access point green monster club the city. became a reality. They opened For Russell, the founder of Feb. 4, and have been building 5105 N. 46th st. Tacoma, WA 98407 Green Monster, the vibe is perfect. a reputation for running a fair (253) 241-2948 420greenmonster.com He is a big fellow with a young and transparent business. energy and contagious laugh, and “I wanted to do this because looks like he would be more at home on a motorI am so broken up inside from having a motorcycle cycle than in his white van. But on each side panel accident,” Kevin explained. “I suffered too many inof the van is an airbrushed, younger Russell, holdjuries to count, including three crushed discs in my ing out a bounty of organic vegetables in front of a neck, punctured lungs ... Now I only smoke indicas scenic background. for pain relief.” His old shop, MacGregors Natural & OrganAnd because Russell only smokes sativas, the two ic Foods, was open for 11 years in Tacoma, and have made perfect partners. The pair use as much he maintains his passion for organic farming and information as possible from a patient to determine
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what medicine works best, and they use the meds themselves, making for a personal connection. “We just had a new patient come in, and all he wanted was an ounce of one strain. But we could tell he didn’t really know why he wanted it,” Kevin said. “So we told him to take some of this, and some of that, and eventually set him up with seven different grams. We wanted him to try a lot of different strains to find what was best for his condition.” All strains are priced at a $10 donation at Green Monster, taking price differences out of the search for medicine. The only requirement is that you find a strain that works for you, and the crew will try to match other strains for similar properties. “I tell all our new patients to start a diary for their medicine,” Russell said. “I think part of it comes from my background
The north end of Tacoma really is beautiful, with green grass parks touching different restaurants and shops to explore.
in natural food. I know that Cannabis is an herb, and that each strain has different properties. People can learn a lot from opening their minds about their medicine.” With 40 strains of flower to choose from and a wide selection of medibles, topicals and concentrates, Green Monster has a lot to offer. For flower lovers, the Fire Raskal is an excellent choice, with frosty dense nugs that exude a sensual odor of lavender and spice. The Pink Panther has a warm and friendly smell reminiscent of a pink-frosted sugar cookie, and tastes just as sweet. Finally, the Durban Poison is a skunky flower that reaches out and slaps the Cannabinoid receptors with instant sweet relief and a heavy high. The shop also has clones, all at a $10 donation, and a sweet selection of glass and other items. Green Monster has a full package to offer patients, and a new patient can walk out the door with everything they need to medicate. For budtender Aliesha Leibel, the experi-
Above: Budtenders Gypsy and Aliesha stand beside owner Russell. LEFT: Fire Raskal exudes a sensual odor of lavender and spice. Below: Grab from the candy dish
ence has been a good fit and positive time. “It has been really nice working here ... We get to know patients, and both the neighborhood and the patients are really happy.” “I like working to find the best bud for the patients instead of just handing them the specials or a sale first. This is definitely a safe access point.”
sept. 2013 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
BY WES ABNEY | PHOTOS BY DANIEL BERMAN
LOUD SCOUT is a powerful 21.75% THC sativa
CannaPi Personal service & a unique facility in Georgetown
pierced hipster pushing a double stroller to get coffee -- and a new type of medicine. CannaPi is situated in an old bank building, with a sense of security that isn’t overwhelming. Once paperwork is handled, new patients are led into the bud room for a one-on-one consultation. A desk in the room comes with two leather office chairs, and if it weren’t for the bounty of mmj products in the room, it might feel like a trip to the therapist. As Abigail tells it, that was the plan all along. “Three years ago, before we began the build-out of the building, we invited the mayor’s office and also all of the Georgetown Police Department down to the building. We told them our plans and shared our vision of a brick and mortar store. Both the city and police agreed that having one-on-one rooms and treating the dispensary as a private consultation was more appropriate than a ‘bar’ setting,” she explained. “We get a lot 6111 12th Ave. S. Seattle, WA 98108 • (206) 763-1171 • CannaPi.org of sick people that come walking
family-run business in Georgetown is taking a new approach to providing medicine and counseling in an intimate environment. CannaPi has been in Seattle for three years, but is just beginning to hit its stride as a fully developed collective. The building is secure, the owners friendly, and above all, the medicine is top-shelf. But getting the model right wasn’t easy. “CannaPi started with a group of 13 people. Three years later, it has transformed into a family-run business in Georgetown,” said Abigail Gutherie. “I am the last remaining original member.” Today, Abigail works with her two brothers, Chris and Sean, to ensure patients’ needs are met. The model has worked well in Georgetown, which has undergone a cultural shift of its own. Originally an industrial hub for factories, now you are more likely to see a tattooed,
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Originally an industrial hub for factories, now you are more likely to see a tattooed, pierced hipster pushing a double stroller to get coffee -- and a new type of medicine.
through our doors. A little old lady wanting to talk about her IBS might not be as inclined to ask her questions if there are a group of people next to her inquiring about dabs and wax-filled caviar cones. We wanted to give people the opportunity to have their privacy respected.” For patients to get the best medicine for their conditions, two pieces need to fall into place. Patients must feel comfort-
BROTHERS CHRIS & SEAN
able speaking with the budtender about their conditions, and the budtender must have actual knowledge of the products being offered. Chris’s experience in managing bars and degree in theater, has helped him transfer into the role of bud counselor. “One thing you learn really quickly about bars is that you sell the same product as all the other 20 bars within an area. What will define your business is atmosphere and how you treat people,” Chris explained. “Here, the confidentiality allows patients to open up and share more info. So we smile and treat them -- we are here to help people.” They help the best way they know how: With good medicine. Of the 15 to 20 strains available, we looked at two that are specific to CannaPi. The Loud Scout has a warm, inviting sweet scent that is reminiscent of pumpkin bread fresh out of the oven, kind of like the hol-
iday scent around Christmas. Slightly spicy, with a fresh sweet finish, this is a strain for a pickme-up high. When tested at Analytical 360, the results were impressive -- 21.75 percent THC. Also impressive is the Duh. It’s a rare 100 percent Indica strain – In-Duh-Ca is the fully pronounced name. It has big beautiful nugs, with whimsical foxtails rising out of a solid core of nugget. The smell has licorice notes and a musky sweetness, tasting incredible when smoked. The Duh hits the brain instantaneously and then moves on to take the body hostage. Expect to be couch-locked and pain-free with this strain. Beyond flowers the trio offers a selection of topicals and medibles, which Chris believes strongly in. Before any product goes on the shelf, he gives it a thorough testing. “We often get told that we have a wider selection of topicals and medibles, and I have tried them all,” he said with a shopkeeper’s sense of pride. “I have extreme joint pain, so I get a slather-down every morning in topical.” By knowing the products and using them, Chris feels better able to connect with patients. “We tend to have an older clientele,” he said. “We have made a decision to differentiate ourselves from the ‘cool’ collective model. This is for serious patients.” As for the family aspect, while all three admit it can occasionally be tough working together constantly, they say they feel the strength of their bond is reflected in the business. “All challenges aside, family values are taking on new meaning in today’s world and economy,” Abigail explained. “We are able to recognize this value and work together for the common good; family is our biggest competitive advantage.”
“We have made a decision to differentiate ourselves from the ‘cool’ collective model. This is for serious patients.”
sept. 2013 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
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THE ACTIVISM ISSUE
BY WES ABNEY | PHOTO BY DANIEL BERMAN
NWleaf: How did you first learn about Cannabis? Cat: I started smoking 40 years ago, the week I after
NW : What did you get involved in? part of the Speakers Bureau of the Legal Marriage Alliance of WA.
sibilities of what we could do medically for other people [with MMJ]. I found I could help other people, and I have never stopped trying to make my product better.
NW: Did you feel a drive to fight for causes?
NW: In addition to being a FECO advocate,
Cat: In ‘96, my first issue was marriage rights. I was
Cat: I have always looked at the larger world
I graduated from high school. But it wasn’t for a lack of trying. This was rural Missouri, and it wasn’t easy to find. I had been looking for pot for a while, and I knew I wanted to smoke.
around me and realized it’s not just me. But there are ways I could help make change. I came of age with the hippies, and we were a generation raised to believe in principles of freedom, of the Constitution.
NW: Was it good?
NW: How did you make the switch from LGBT
Cat: I don’t think it would be overstating it to say
that it rocked my world! I knew I was right -- this was the stuff for me.
NW: What came next? Cat: On July 1, 1977, I was one of the first women
ever assigned to a combat unit. I was a journalist in Germany. It was a crazy good time there, but it was also tough being a woman in a combat unit. All eyes were on us. It was one of my first experiences with activism.
NW: Did you have to quit smoking? Cat: Other than boot camp, I think I got high every day of my deployment!
NW: What did you do after the military? Cat: I went to school for accounting at the Missouri Western State College.
issues to MMJ?
Cat: It was my own acquaintance with marijuana
as medicine. I have rheumatoid arthritis, which causes me a lot of pain, and I have immune system issues that affect me as well. I distinctly followed the direction of my rheumatologist for years, until one day I’d had enough. I went to my doctor, Julie, who I liked a lot, and told her, “I can’t thank you for this. There has got to be a better way.”
NW: Were you lead to Cannabis right away, then? Cat: It was an evolution. I tried diet change, mas-
sage, acupuncture ... but ultimately for discomfort it was marijuana that took my mind off my pain. I call it “Shutting my feet off,” because my feet and hands hurt the most. And it helps with my other issues. If my body isn’t busy fighting disease, it’s fighting my own body. A heavy dose of Cannabis keeps my system smiling.
NW: I noticed the big glob of
NW: But you didn’t stay after college. How did you end up in Seattle?
Deep Green on your toe, which is your Full Extract Cannabis Oil. How did you come to making that?
Cat: The joke I like to tell is that Missouri elected
Cat: From 2005 to ‘10, I spent my
John Ashcroft one too many times. It was a real indication that I was becoming out of touch with my Midwestern roots with my liberal leaning, freedom ways. My Bible Belt doesn’t cinch so tight. So in November of ‘93, I moved to Seattle, and I was ready for the potentiality of Seattle at the time. Microsoft was booming, the Internet was coming alive, and Seattle was in a cultural revolution. Anything you wanted to do, the city was ready for it.
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Cat: My mind began opening to the pos-
time looking for ways to make Cannabis more potent, through butters and infused oils, and through improving my own grow. Eventually, I heard about FECO, and I actually made my first batch about three years ago.
NW: What made you decide to share it?
you also host a radio show. Tell me a little about the station, and the show.
Cat: NWCZ [Northwest Convergence
Zone] radio started as a podcast four years ago to highlight local and independent music. They were supporters of Tacoma Hempfest, which began my association with them. The show I host is called Green Stream, which is done weekly with co-hosts On1 and Timmy. On1 called me Nov. 6, 2012, the day quasi-legalization was voted in. One month later we were on the air.
NW: What is the focus of the show? Cat: It’s a Cannabis conversation in a
changing world. We’re happy to tackle any topic in current conversation, from recreational Cannabis to medical, changing science, legal issues, activism spotlights and even growing topics. This is a big tent we sit in -- 52 percent of America supports this, and this is where my activism is now.
NW: What do you see for yourself in the future? Cat: The only reason drug laws aren’t repealed is
because we aren’t in the streets protesting. I won’t be happy until prohibition is repealed nationwide. For the show, we are thinking about pushing to two hours. We never have a shortage of topics, and it’s certainly a wonderful microphone. It’s so great to come air your opinion.
I came of age with the hippies, and we were a generation raised to believe in principles of freedom, of the Constitution.
activism issue page 1
Green Stream radio airs Wednesday’s 4 to 5 p.m., — live on nwczradio.com or greenstreamradio.com.
THE ACTIVISM ISSUE
BY TYLER J. MARKWART | PHOTO BY DANIEL BERMAN
Jonah Tacoma NWLEAF: Tell us a little bit about what your company Dabstars is, what it does and what part of the industry you guys are really trying to focus on...
JT: You know we kind of have evolved organically
from inside the industry. We’ve always worked in Cannabis, and we’ve always had different positions largely within Cannabis and on Facebook and stuff like that. To us, the people who make up the industry are celebrities, people like Kim from Happy Daddy, Eric McGee from Dab Essentials. To us, these are important people. When we go to these events and when they walk by, they hear the whispering “This is so and so” and it’s almost like a badge of honor to say this is this guy, this is that guy, and I know who this is. And so we started almost like a baseball card style website where we have these people hold up what we made to be the Dab Star and we would take their picture and do a mini bio.
cillary stuff that has come out of this. There’s now a clothing line; obviously we have Dab Star gear that we sell on the website, and we do marketing where most of our money comes from.
NW: Facebook isn’t the only place to find Dab Stars, you have your own website page?
JT: Facebook links to our website page and there
we can take credit cards to get the actual direct sales. Most of our business comes from managing the web pages of other people in the Cannabis industry. We physically manage a multitude of pages from High Class Concentrates, to Medi Brothers who just took first place at the 710 Cup, Lee Enterprises … a lot of cool people who are doing their thing out here and are just now getting comfortable becoming mainstream.
NW: With the laws changing and more people in
NW: You said you have been to four different
states this month. Where do you see Dab Stars expanding to? How has social media helped with spreading the idea of dabbing, Dab Stars and Dab Life around the world?
JT: What the Internet has done for Cannabis
simply said “Dab Star” and they would hold it up like a mug shot, and on the website would go a miniature bio that would explain who they are and why they are so cool and why they are on the website. And it just went viral from there. We started getting 10,000 people a week, which we thought was insane, then it went to 20 then 30, 40, then 50, and then a 100, then 140,000 people a week were tuning in to see who’s who in the industry … we started doing news and then Dab Life and it just branched out from there.
JT: You still feel like you have a level of anonym-
ity, especially when you take on a third party company like Dab Stars to take care of that for you. Because we’re out here pushing this, we’re doing this, but it’s inside the Cannabis community. When we say we’re hitting 140,000 people a week, that’s 140,000 people who chose to be involved with Cannabis. These aren’t randomly targeted ads that hit anybody and everybody who might or might not hit your demographic. If you’re into Cannabis, we’re touching your pupils.
is what it has done for every other industry. It has made the world a little bit smaller. We have friends in Spain, The Oil Hunters, they are big fans of ours and we are big fans of theirs. They are doing their thing over there and we have to use a translator to talk to them, but they are killing it over there! Then our third highest ranking city is in Canada, so it’s cool to see how all of it falls together. A lot of it is predictable, we have our huge Cannabis dates in California, Colorado, Oregon and Washington. We’re starting to see these other states pick up with 19 medical marijuana states right now. When we do paid advertising, we target those 19 states for the companies that we work for.
NW: You’ve taken the simple idea of pairing a pho-
NW: So you’re creating a new industry image?
NW: Dab Stars is not just about making money,
NW: So the Dab Star is just a sticker, then? JT: It was a joke at first, it was just a sticker that
to with a bio to this now full-on marketing and advertising agency.
JT: That’s what it’s evolved to be. Ultimately, if we
want to do this for a living, we have to make money out of it. If we’re going to go to all these places and that’s what we’re trying to do -- we’ve been to four different states this month. If we want to do that, we have to make some money. So there’s some an-
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the industry wanting to become more visible with advertising, how does Dab Stars reach its desire market successfully?
JT: That’s the cool thing. We deal with statistics. What we do, people see us at these events, in limousines, and on radio stations and stuff and they think it’s this amazing thing, most of what we do is pour through stats, go through pictures, it’s computer work (laughingly). But we know exactly who our demographic is because of that. It’s 18- to 25-year-old males. They spend a lot of money on a lot of things from clothing to music to food. Those are the people who are spending money right now; those are the people who the Cannabis industry wants to reach.
JT: That’s the reality … we have an evolving dy-
namic. We just got over criminalization, were not criminals but were not recognized yet. Now we’re officially businesspersons, we have people working out here with business degrees, it’s amazing.
NW: What is a normal day like and who is the Cannabis industry’s main demographic?
but also involved in lobbying for positive change in the industry. How does that affect business?
JT: If you’re going to exist inside this bubble, if
you can call it that, then you have to do your part to keep it going. You can’t just be out here making money and not show up to the rallies. That’s why you see us out there doing this stuff where there is no money involved. We’re show-
ing up at the Capitol, we’re showing up at the marches because if you don’t support your infrastructure then you won’t have a market to work in.
NW: You’re helping to sculpt the legal
market and the culture and that can be intimidating for new business owners and consumers to swallow. How do business owners feel about being in the legal market now and what do you call it?
When we say we’re hitting 140,000 people a week, that’s 140,000 people who chose to be involved with Cannabis. These aren’t randomly targeted ads.
JT: We just call it Dab Life! There’s no real other way to call it! Being out in the open is really new, these businesses are cautiously stepping out but these are real companies doing real things. It’s cool to see. We branched out in a lot of ways. More than anything, people come to our page to get information.
NW: What social media sites are you tied into? And is there a Dab Stars app for people’s smart phones?
JT: We are tied into Instagram, Twit-
ter and Facebook. You can check us out at facebook.com/dabstars. We haven’t looked into a mobile app yet, but the community is there, about 1/2 of our views come from mobile devices.
NW: What does Dab Stars have to offer the community?
JT: I think really what we have to offer is legitimacy. What we don’t show you is people doing handstand dabs, and being crazy, partying and being wild. What we show you is artistically presented shots of BHO. We give you information that presents the dangers of BHO, and how to just properly purge.
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THE ACTIVISM ISSUE
BY WES ABNEY | PHOTO BY DANIEL BERMAN
Joy Beckerman Maher NWLEAF: How did you get involved with the Cannabis and hemp movement?
JBM: I followed the Grateful Dead tour from
1988-95. I thought that they [Deadheads] had a bigger piece of the truth than I did. From following the Dead, I ended up in the Woodstock reunion of 1990, where it was still all the hippies and the Rainbow Family.
NW: How did the tour change your outlook on life? JBM: I call myself a poster child for the movement. I loved the information I learned about industrial hemp, home birthing, about a new culture ... That’s when I realized we have a solution to the problems of the world. This blew my mind!
undercover buyers into my shop for months, trying to get me to sell them pot. I always had people coming into the store asking about pot and the answer was always the same. It was a hemp store. I didn’t sell drugs. I had thought some might have been cops, but I wasn’t sure until then. So Cusick kept digging, and found out that the cops had actually been the ones to call the Secret Service.
NW: So the cops were so upset that they couldn’t
bust you for anything illegal that they resorted to fear tactics? Did it backfire?
JBM: They faxed a copy of one of the bills to
that the movement was strong here. Today, 15 years later, both my boys are in college and my focus has gone back from parenting into industrial hemp mode.
NW: What was it like coming back to activism? JBM: I had stayed in touch with a lot of people, and when I realized Grandma Hemp (Carol Antun) was living in Washington, I got really excited. I did a booth at Olympia Hempfest this summer, and at Hempseed. It was the first time running a booth in years.
NW: Your booth has a lot of really interesting
the first hemp store on Earth, right there in Woodstock, N.Y.
the Secret Service. Once Cusick had the info, he wrote an expose called “Theater In a Crowded Fire.” Suddenly, the Associated Press takes the story, radio and TV are covering it, and it went the 90’s version of viral. In the end, the Secret Service realized I liked the attention, so they told me that stamping the bills wasn’t actually illegal. They did ask me to switch the ink in the stamp from purple to red because the purple ink messes with money counters in banks. We kept stamping the bills until the shop closed in ‘96.
NW: I’ve heard you were doing something special
NW: What was life like after the shop closed?
NW: Who is the most underrepresented group
NW: Once you realized the power of hemp, you couldn’t keep it to yourself ! What did you do to share the message?
JBM: From the end of 1994 to early 1996, I started
to spread awareness with money from the store. What did you do?
JBM: We were stamping dollar bills with “I Grew
Hemp” next to George Washington’s face. One day I received a letter from the Secret Service, a ceaseand-desist letter for “mutilating currency.” As soon as I got the letter, I called High Times, and they connected me with Rick Cusick, a young freelance writer at the time. Today he’s the publisher of High Times, but at the time he was looking for stories and wasn’t sure if he could do the journalism thing.
JBM: The good news was at that time Vermont
state Rep. Fred Maslack passed a hemp bill, and I served as the secretary of the hemp council. So I served, went on to grad school and I had my sons.
NW: Did you find other priorities taking importance over your activism and touring?
JBM: I had to raise my boys, and as any activist
NW: What did Cusick do to change the situation?
knows you couldn’t make an honest dollar back in those days. We all started going broke. I started working as a complex civil litigation paralegal, and put my energy into that.
JBM: He had this idea that he would call up the lo-
NW: How did you end up in Seattle?
cal newspaper and pretend to be an anti-pot reporter to get information about the case. He found out that the local police department had been sending
50/sept. 2013 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
JBM: At the end of 1998, I moved to Seattle for a more lucrative paralegal career, but I also knew
items, from hempcrete [a cheaper sustainable version of concrete] to a full wardrobe of hemp clothes. This must be new experiences to the majority of people. How did you find all this stuff ?
JBM: I started to amass my collection since Janu-
ary. All my building materials, fliers, nutritional supplements and other various products came from different sources, but mainly through resources from the Hemp Industries Association. that could benefit from industrial hemp?
JBM: It’s the farmers that I really want to reach
out to. Industrial hemp can revitalize the farming economy, and the overall economy. I get calls from Canadian farmers now trying to sell different hemp products like seed that they have grown themselves. There’s no reason that couldn’t be here in Washington.
NW: What can we do to change this country? JBM: For the first time in 50 years, the [U.S.]
House of Representatives not only voted on a hemp bill, but they passed it. FARRM was the acronym, and it had language about hemp in the bill. But this isn’t a solution. There is a lot more that needs to be done. Jim McDermott, my federal representative in the 32nd Legisla-
tive District, is one of 17 cosponsors of HR 525, which mirrors SB 359. It’s the Industrial Hemp Farming Act of 2013. These bills seek to remove the words “industrial hemp” from the definition of marijuana in the Controlled Substances Act. Once the words “industrial hemp” are removed, which by the way have no business being there in the first place, it will no longer be a controlled substance. It could then be grown by anyone in America.
One day I received a letter from the Secret Service, a cease-and-desist letter for “mutilating currency.” As soon as I got the letter, I called High Times.
NW: Do you have a final message to get out to the readers of NW Leaf ?
JBM: Hemp can re-energize
the Washington farming industry and save the planet at the same time. It’s our history and it’s our future.
sept. 2013 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
THE ACTIVISM ISSUE
BY WES ABNEY | PHOTO BY DANIEL BERMAN
Farmer Tom Lauerman NWLEAF: Describe your introduction to Cannabis.
the use become medical?
were getting raided, we showed up and started collecting plants. The cops were searching room to room, and hadn’t gotten back to the finished product yet. So we sat down in the courtyard and watched the raid, smoking as much pot as we could the entire time. We knew we were going to jail for the collective, but the cops just sat and watched us smoke.
FT: I became a patient in ‘99 and joined a collec-
NW: How does it feel to see raids still happening
FT: It was 1973, I was 12 years old ... and I knew
when I first smoked it that it was something that would help me get through every day of my life.
NW: What a classic love story! At what point did
tive. I was watching and following Steve McWilliams, and joined with his collective Shelter From The Storm in the Hillcrest area of San Diego. Every patient brought a light when they joined, plus $50 a month, and then it was on the honor system. We hung all the flower when it was finished growing, labeled the strains and info, and then people took what they needed.
NW: I understand you met somebody pretty special while at the collective. Tell me about that.
FT: I met my future wife’s dog Bonita while work-
ing, a Jack Russell Terrier. The dog and I became friends, and the dog became the official mascot of the collective. Paula, now my wife, was one of the original founders of the collective. We hit it off pretty well.
NW: How long did the collective last? It had to be one of the first in California.
FT: It lasted until we got raided. There were no last-
14 years later?
book? What was it like to re-emerge on the scene as an activist?
FT: I always knew I would be involved in some-
NW: What was next for you? FT: My wife and I moved to Portland, and even-
NW: Has that response given you encouragement
changed with regard to raids. The federal government is stuck in a hard place. They’ve got themselves in such a pickle with the drug laws.
tually to Vancouver, Wash. I worked a corporate job for the next eight years, but it got to be too corporate for me. We arranged an exit deal in August 2002, and started farming full time. I’m all about plants and the farm life.
NW: So that explains your name, Farmer Tom? FT: For years we would support families with our produce, and when I would pull up to a house or community, the kids would run ahead and yell “Farmer Tom” was coming. The name just stuck.
NW: But you fit into that role well, don’t you?
NW: So you feel that the raid was more political
NW: You didn’t start growing pot right away,
FT: It was about the activism. When we heard we
FT: Well, I was always farming and medicating,
52/sept. 2013 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
NW: Was it hard to suddenly decide to write a
thing like this. I self-published through Create Space and printed the first 500 copies this spring. It has been amazing to actually hold it in your hands. It’s kinda like our own grimoire. Sharing the book at first it was a little rocky. I popped onto the scene and nobody knew who I was. But now people have really started liking the book.
FT: Today, I don’t think anything has really
ing charges, but we were shut down and the landlord cleared us out. After that, we all got together and started going to council meetings where the media was and asking “Why did you shut down our collective?” We were not the only one in the city; there was a brick and mortar store starting just a few miles away, but we were activists. They didn’t like us for what we were doing. than about drug laws?
but it wasn’t until last season with the laws changing that we decided to grow Cannabis. That was also when the idea for the guide happened. I laid down one night and it came into my head. Everything lined up from there.
FT: If you are going to be a farmer you need to
know a little about everything, and I can do a lot -- electrical, construction, irrigation ... If you can’t do it all yourself, you’ll go broke the first year just paying for everything. And I love to grow my own food. though. When did that happen?
to keep selling the books?
FT: My biggest response has been from average
people, the everyday patients. They love the information. And it is so cool to grab a copy, and to hold it and know that we did it. We brought a guide together. You can pick up a copy on Amazon.com or meet me in person for a signed copy at a farmer’s market.
we sat down in the courtyard and watched the raid, smoking as much pot as we could the entire time.
DAILY SPECIALS! Medible Monday Top Shelf Tuesday 1/2 off Hash Wednesday Tincture Thursday Free Joint Friday Free Gram Saturday Free Sucker Sunday
By TYLER J. MARKWART FOR NORTHWEST LEAF
Drug Whitman County spends nearly $750,000 a year on stopping drugs.
58/sept. 2013 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
War Whitman County made 253 drug arrests last year.
sept. 2013 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
By TYLER J. MARKWART FOR NORTHWEST LEAF
Small Town Drug War
ashington has 39 counties, but most of the population lives west of the Cascades. Whitman County, which borders Idaho, is the state’s 17th smallest county and home to Washington State University, situated in the rolling hills of the Palouse in southeastern Washington. Pullman, where the school is located, accounts for the majority of the population in Whitman County. It was the only county east of the Cascade Mountain range to vote for marriage equality (R-74) and legalized Cannabis (I-502). With the 2011 arrest reports being published by the state, we are now able to get our first look at how much money is being spent on the war on drugs in little old Whitman County. The investigation of drug crimes in Whitman County has been led by the Quad City Drug Task Force since 2011. The active participants in the QCDTF are the Pullman Police Department, the Colfax PD, the Clarkston PD, the Moscow PD, the Whitman County Sheriff ’s Office and the Latah County Sheriff ’s Office. With four out of those six agencies operating in Whitman County, county taxpayers are taking the brunt of the bill to fund prohibition. But why is the tax money being spent to combat nonviolent drug crimes when other far more serious crimes are taking place? According to a Dec. 6, 2012, article in the Spokesman-Review by Kaitlin Gillespie, “Most of the drug arrests in the Pullman-Moscow area involve marijuana ... At WSU, upward of 90 percent of drug calls are for marijuana, said Assistant Chief Steve Hansen with the campus police.” In 2012, the Whitman County budget was about $57 million. Looking at how much money was spent for drug interdiction, the numbers add up quickly. The numbers don’t include all of the money used because it is difficult to estimate, for instance, the cost of trials for drug crimes.
In 2011, of the 1,699 adult arrests in Whitman County, 256 were for drug crimes, which ultimately led to nine felony drug convictions and a multitude of misdemeanors that were the result of pleading down from felonies. That’s not a lot of drug crime convictions for the amount of money being spent on the war on drugs in Whitman County. Rough estimates put the amount of money spent on drug interdiction in Whitman County in the range of $600,000 to $750,000 for 2011, a
The cost to taxpayers Department of Justice Drug Task Force Grant: Three-month grant Oct.-Dec. 2012: $3,000 Quad-City Task Force-Drug Enforcement $341,100 Prosecuting Attorney Budget (all crimes) $568,526 Sheriff’s K-9 Unit: $8,500 Inter-Local Drug Fund $17,000
majority of which was spent on investigating and arresting marijuana users, producers and sellers. That covers not only recreational users, but also medical marijuana patients and providers who were living at or operating grow sites in 2011. So how is Whitman County spending the rest of its budget? Most of Whitman County’s budget mimics other counties with its standard payouts for public utilities and such, but when comparing the amount spent on drug interdiction compared to domestic violence services and investigations, we find that Whitman County spent $2,500 on Domestic Violence Services while receiving a STOP Grant (Violence Against Women grant) for $4,995 in 2012. Then there is the $1,969 that was granted by the Department of Justice, which specifically covered “overtime costs associated with officers attending grant-mandated training on the investigation of domestic violence, sexual assaults, stalking and harassment.” With the amount of forcible sex offenses doubling from eight in 2007 to 16 in 2012, the city of Pullman seems more interested in harassing, arresting and ruining the lives of medical marijuana and substance consumers than stopping those who commit forcible sex offenses. Eastern Washington is mostly a conservative, Republican-dominated region. But when we take a look at its drug policies and the drug interdiction budgets, it is anything but conservative. Prohibition of drugs creates unregulated markets that are nontaxable, uncontrollable and require large government to engage in an expensive, unending war against its own constituents. In our country, 90 years have passed and yet the war on drugs hasn’t diminished the market for illicit drugs. Sadly, most politicians and law enforcement officers have failed to make this connection, even after history has shown us that the prohibition on alcohol was such an epic failure that it remains the only constitutional amendment -- 18th Amendment -- to be repealed -- 21st Amendment -- by Congress. Stand up for your right to know how your tax money is being spent. Attend your city and county budget meetings and support defunding the war on drugs, which really is a war on civil liberties. Support giving taxpayers police forces that are dedicated to solving real crimes.
sept. 2013 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
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Spice-up your Life with medicated Indian Cuisine
Basic Indian Curry 3 TBSP medicated olive oil 1 small onion, chopped 2 CLOVES garlic, minced 5 TBSP curry powder 1 TSP ground cinnamon 1 TSP paprika 1 bay leaf 1/2 TSP grated fresh ginger root 1/2 TSP white sugar SALT to taste 2 boneless chicken breast halves cut to bite-size pieces 1 TBSP tomato paste 1 CUP plain yogurt 3/4 cup coconut milk 1/2 lemon, juiced 1/2 TSP Indian chili powder 1.Heat olive oil in skillet over medium heat. Saute onion until lightly browned. 2. Stir in garlic, curry powder, cinnamon, paprika, bay leaf, ginger, sugar and salt. Continue stirring for 2 minutes. Add chicken pieces, tomato paste, yogurt, and coconut milk. Bring to boil, reduce heat, and simmer for 20 to 25 minutes.
Baingan Bharta (Eggplant Curry) 1 large eggplant 2 tBSP medicated vegetable oil 1 tsp cumin seeds 1 medium onion, thinly sliced 1 tBSP ginger garlic paste 1 tBSP curry powder1 tomato, diced 1/2 cup plain yogurt 1 fresh jalapeno pepper, finely chopped 1 tsp salt 1/4 bunch cilantro, finely chopped
1. Preheat oven to 450 degrees F (230 degrees C). 2. Bake eggplant on a medium baking sheet 20 to 30 minutes until tender. Remove from heat, cool, peel, and chop. 3. Heat oil in medium saucepan over medium heat. Mix in cumin seeds and onion. Cook and stir until onion is tender. 4. Mix ginger garlic paste, curry powder, and tomato into the saucepan. Cook about 1 minute. Stir in yogurt. Mix in eggplant and jalapeno pepper, season with salt. Cover, and cook 10 minutes over high heat. Remove cover, reduce heat to low, and continue cooking about 5 minutes. Garnish with cilantro to serve.
3. Remove bay leaf and stir in lemon juice and chili powder. Simmer 5 more minutes.
Got a recipe we should feature?
Email it to firstname.lastname@example.org and it just might appear here in our next issue!
64/Sept 2013 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
Photos courtesy off FLICKR
1 (.25 ounce) package active dry yeast 1 cup warm water 1/4 cup white sugar 3 tBSP milk 1 egg, beaten 2 tsp salt 4 1/2 cups bread flour 2 tsp minced garlic (optional) 1/4 cup medicated butter, melted 1. Dissolve yeast in large bowl with warm water. Let stand about 10 minutes, until frothy. Stir in sugar, milk, egg, salt, and enough flour to make a soft dough. Knead for 6 to 8 minutes on a lightly floured surface, or until smooth. Place dough in a well oiled bowl, cover with a damp cloth, and set aside to rise. Let it rise 1 hour, until the dough has doubled in volume. 2. Punch down dough, and knead in garlic. Pinch off small handfuls of dough about the size of a golf ball. Roll into balls, and place on a tray. Cover with a towel, and allow to rise until doubled in size, about 30 minutes. 3. preheat grill to high heat during the second rising. 4. roll one ball of dough out into a thin circle at grill side. Lightly oil grill. Place dough on grill, and cook for 2 to 3 minutes, or until puffy and lightly browned. Brush uncooked side with butter, and turn over. Brush cooked side with butter, and cook until browned, another 2 to 4 minutes. Remove from grill, and continue the process until all the naan has been prepared.
Samish Way Holistic Center First Time Patients Recieve Free Edible Or Pre Roll Bring In A Canned Food Item For 1 Pre Roll Refer A Freind For A Gram
Recipes Treat your sweet tooth with these Medicated Cookies
No-Roll Sugar Cookies No-Bake Coco-Oat Cookies 2 cups white sugar 3 tBSP unsweetened cocoa powder 1/2 cup medicated butter 1/2 cup milk1 pinch salt 3 cups quick cooking oats 1/2 cup peanut butter 1 tsp vanilla extract 1. Boil sugar, cocoa, margarine, milk, and salt in a soucepan for 1 minute. 2. Mix in quick cooking oats, peanut butter, and vanilla, stir well.
1/2 cup medicated butter, softened 1/2 cup shortening 1/2 cup white sugar 1/2 cup confectioners始 sugar 1 egg 2 1/4 cups all-purpose flour 1/2 tsp baking soda 1/2 tsp salt 1 1/2 tsp vanilla extract 1/2 tsp cream of tartar
1. Preheat oven to 375 degrees F (190 degrees C). Lightly grease baking sheets. 2. Cream butter or margarine, shortening, white sugar and confectioners始 sugar together until light and fluffy. Beat in the egg and the vanilla. 3. Sift the flour, baking soda, salt and cream of tartar together. Add the flour mixture to the sugar mixture and blend. 4. Shape dough into walnut-sized balls and place on the prepared baking sheets. Dip a glass in white sugar and press balls flat. Bake at 375 degrees F (190 degrees C) for 10 to 12 minutes or until lightly browned.
1 cup medicated butter 1/2 cup white sugar 2 tsp vanilla extract 2 tsp water 2 cups all-purpose flour 1 cup chopped almonds 1/2 cup confectioners始 sugar 1. Cream the butter and sugar in a medium bowl. Stir in vanilla and water. Add the flour and almonds, mix until blended. Cover and chill for 3 hours. 2. Preheat oven to 325 degrees. 3. Shape dough into balls or crescents. Place on an unprepared cookie sheet and bake for 15 to 20 minutes in the preheated oven. Remove from pan to cool on wire racks. When cookies are cool, roll in confectioners始 sugar. Store at room temperature in an airtight container.
3. Quickly drop teaspoonfuls onto waxed paper, and let cool.
Got a recipe we should feature?
Email it to email@example.com and it just might appear here in our next issue!
66/Sept 2013 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
Mexican Wedding Cookies
Photos courtesy off FLICKR
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STORY AND PHOTOS BY BOB MONTOYA FOR NORTHWEST LEAF
Micro Strains Up-Close Each month weâ€™ll highlight growers crafting strains with the goal of helping specific needs, not necessarily obtaining the highest yields
EPTEMBER BRINGS COOLER TEMPS and a couple of strains that help alleviate the suffering from nerve damage and the anxiety that is born from being permanently damaged. Daniel is from Vancouver WA. He is in a wheelchair from a spinal injury nearly two decades ago. There are two strains of Cannabis key to his daily wellbeing. BLACK WIDOW is a good all day ant-anxiety and anti-inflammatory bred equally from Black Domina and White widow it is a 50/50 sativa Indica . It is sweet and smooth, comes on fast and fades on the Sativa side with a relaxing Indica finish. Relief lasts up to an hour and a half from 4-5 puffs. PETROL NIGHTMARE is a combination of White moonshine and Petrol OG. With a 70/30 Indica blend it is high in CBGN and CBD. Daniel gets relief from spasticity and often feels a tingling in his upper thighs when using this strain in the evenings. It is what is known as a creeper, coming on slow but lasting several hours, ideal for restful sleep. It has a sweet oily taste owed to itâ€™s Petrol OG dominance. THESE STRAINS are privately grown in Seattle by a veteran Cannabis expert exclusively for Daniel. Inquiries into access to these meds can go through him as these strains are in limited supply. Spinal cord injuries and nerve damage from operations and dwindling health continue to stump the pharmaceutical industry, Cannabis is giving us hope. NEXT MONTH I will focus on a couple of strains showing some success with PTSD.
fOR MORE INFORMATION For access to these strains contact grower Daniel Pounds directly via his page at www.facebook.com/tok420
68/sept. 2013 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
Black Widow 50/50 hybrid
The white crystal-like trichomes are about half the width of a human hair â€” Seen in a 500x close-up
petrol nightmare 70/30 Indica
sept. 2013 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
health & science
CAN YOU BE A CANNABIS ADDICT? IT CARRIES A DECIDEDLY NEGATIVE CONNOTATION IN AMERICAN CULTURE. IT CONJURES IMAGES OF INDIVIDUALS AS FIENDS, AT A STREET CORNER ON SKID ROW, EMPTY BOTTLES, NEEDLES AND SYRINGES. ADDICTION NEED NOT BE THAT EXTREME AND STEREOTYPICAL. CANNABIS HAS HISTORICALLY BEEN LUMPED INTO THIS CATEGORY OF SEWER AND SCUM AS PART OF THE FAILED PROHIBITION AND SMEAR IN THE PUBLIC EYE.
BY NORTHWEST LEAF SPECIAL CONTRIBUTOR DR. SCOTT D. ROSE
70/sept. 2013 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
ddiction is complex and there is debate on how addiction starts, however addiction is primarily, a chronic disease of brain reward, motivation, and memory. Pleasure is strongly associated with addiction and within the pleasure pain continuum we move from pain towards pleasure Current compelling research points to the fact that Cannabis may be part of the answer for addiction, not part of the problem. The Merriam Webster dictionary defines addiction strictly as a compulsive need for and use of a habit-forming substance (as heroin, nicotine, or alcohol) characterized by tolerance and by well-defined physiological symptoms upon withdrawal. Tolerance is the phenomenon where the user must dose higher and higher each time to get the same effects. A more broad definition of addiction is the persistent compulsive use of a substance known by the user to be harmful. Addictions can include drug abuse, exercise addiction, food addiction, sexual addiction, computer addiction and gambling. Signs of addiction include lack of control over substances or behavior, preoccupation with the substance or behavior, continued use despite consequences, and denial. Immediate gratification despite long-term negative effects is classic.
Physiological vs. psychological (emotional) addiction. Physiological addiction occurs when the body’s chemistry has to adjust to (for ease we will restrict to a substance) a substance by incorporating it into it’s normal biochemical workings. This indeed sets the stage for tolerance and withdrawal. Tolerance, again, needing more, more, more and withdrawal refers to the physical and psychological symptoms experienced when the substance is reduced or discontinued. Withdrawal symptoms include intense cravings for the substance, anxiety, irritability, nausea, hallucination, cold sweats, headaches and tremors. Many individuals faced with being prescribed an opiate medication are extremely concerned about the risk of addiction to opiates. Cannabis has been shown to have more emotional addiction than physiological, meaning most individuals can discontinue use with no physical withdrawal symptoms. About 9% of recreational (infrequent) users and 25% of chronic (daily) users experience Cannabis dependency where withdrawal symptoms can be experienced including anxiety, insomnia, loss of appetite, ir-
ritability, mood swings, and increased aggression. The research into biological mechanisms of addiction have identified several areas of the brain important during addiction. Most notably the nucleus accumben and the release of the neurochemical dopamine. This brain center can be triggered by recreational or a wide variety of drugs in a wide variety of ways. (infrequent) users Dopamine release normally occurs in response to natural reinforcing stimuli such as water, food, and sex. The pleasurable effects of a drug can reinforce the behaviors associated with acquiring and conChronic or suming the drug until a habit occurs. Basically the (daily) users brain has been hijacked for pleasure seeking. Cannabis works very differently in the brain and body. The endoCannabis users have more potential for cannabinoidsystem is the complex emotional addiction than physiological system of molecules and receptors in the human body and is how the plant Cannabis has its effects. In other words, the journal found medical Cannabis users were less body has similar compounds to what’s in Cannabis. likely to use more potent drugs and Cannabis A 2009 study performed by the Laboratory uses report less tobacco use. for Physiopathology of Diseases of the Central It is clear that more effective addiction recovNervous System found that injections of THC, the ery treatment is needed in our country. Accordprimary active chemical in Cannabis, helped elimiing to the National Institute on Drug Abuse nate dependence on opiates such as morphine and (NIDA), up to 50% of individuals who begin an heroin in test animals. addiction treatment program relapse within 6 A 2013 study found that Cannabis reduced months. As more states move to legalize mediopiate withdrawal symptoms in mice. Researchcal Cannabis, it is becoming easier for doctors, ers published their findings in the May 2013 issue and researchers to point to the many benefits of of The American Journal on Addictions, entitled Cannabis like those of treating addiction. “Impact of Cannabis Use during Stabilization on Methadone Maintenance Treatment.” they started why cannabis is different with the premise that “illicit drug use, particularly that of Cannabis, is common among opiate-depenMedical Cannabis patients are able to funcdent individuals and has the potential to impact tion better in daily activities and work, unlike treatment in a negative manner.” with many prescription opiates for symptom They actually found that withdrawal decreases relief. Medical Cannabis patients report fewer in patients using Cannabis. Medical Cannabis paunpleasant side effects with Cannabis than with tients using Cannabis for treating pain often find many traditional and stronger drug treatments. they are able to reduce or eliminate their depenMedical Cannabis patients achieve more effecdence on opiate medications. tive symptom relief using Cannabis than with “Cannabis as a Substitute for Alcohol and other alternatives. Other Drugs”, published in the Harm ReducThe majority of Cannabis users never become tion Journal was a study conducted using data addicted, they do not “lose control” of their from a survey compiling self reported addiction use. When they use Cannabis, they can control treatment and relapse information. This study dose to get the results they expect and intend found that respondents used Cannabis to curb to get. Since withdrawal from alcohol and seritheir alcohol cravings, as an alternative to previous drug use often prompts the same symptoms ous use of prescription drugs, and even as a subas other medical conditions that Cannabis is stitute for more potent drugs such as cocaine. already used to treat (anxiety, depression, pain, This study showed that almost 60% of individunausea, and insomnia) it seems logically reasonals chose to use Cannabis preferentially because able that the use of Cannabis could also help it provided better symptom management across with addiction recovery. Again, Cannabis may the board as well. Other studies published in this be part of the answer.
Who experiences Cannabis withdrawal?
Dr. Scott Rose is a Naturopathic Physician Acupuncturist with a private practice focusing on pain in Kirkland, WA. ASKDRROSE.COM sept. 2013 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
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Into The Deep >>
Deep Water Culture growing IS POWERFUL AND AMAZINGLY EFFICIENT — IF YOU CAN get everything dialed-in ...
medium used what so ever. Please let me start by ushing the boundaries of plant genetics saying that these systems can be very difficult to can take many forms. Indoor gardening get dialed in. I do not recommend them for newer is constantly trying to improve upon its growers for a variety of reasons that will hopefully accolades in order to make up for its shortcomings. become obvious throughout this piece. Namely, it is always subject to the inferior light Now that I’ve offered sufficient disclaimer, spectrum of human-made lamp technology. buckle up, because this is growing in the fast lane. There are however, several areas that the The environment that a properly dialed in Deep indoor gardener can leverage that aren’t as readily Water Culture (DWC) system provides is so or practically available to outdoor growing incredibly ideal for plant growth and development environments.The ability to control the environment every biological function the plant carries out is including supplementation with C02 is certainly one exaggerated and the results can be astounding. area, utilizing specialized growing techniques such This article is in NO WAY trying to suggest as Low Stress Training (LST), FIM’ing, Topping, that DWC improves on what nature provides, and Scrog, to maximize the efficacy of horizontally rather, I consider it a redesigned lit gardens is another. Yet environment — separate from another is the growing questions? Never hesitate to email nature — that can achieve similar medium and system itself. me at firstname.lastname@example.org. but also fantastic growing results. Hydroponic gardening See a wide range of useful growing videos DWC systems really focus on was first designed for and tips at Youtube.com/DrScandersonGt maximizing one of the few pillars agricultural food production that every gardener’s success rests in arid environments. The on but is often accomplished invisibly: getting opulent amounts of water necessary to properly oxygen to the roots. The nutrient solution is treated feed and nourish soils for food production simply with an air stone and air pump that is constantly isn’t available in these environments. Hydroponic infusing oxygen into the solution. feeding uses water considerably more efficiently The roots love this environment. The direct and in combination with mineral based fertilizer, and constant contact with the nutrient solution does so in a comparably much smaller root space. combined with it’s highly oxygenated state makes The evolution of the various types of hydroponic nutrient uptake and plant growth rates accelerate gardening has taken many, many stages of considerably. No other system gives the amount of advancement. One of the most exciting and control over oxygen availability to the root zone. impressive results come from a style of hydroponic This results is such superior nutrient uptake that growing known as Deep Water Culture. plants grow and in fact thrive in very low nutrient In these systems, the roots are suspended directly concentrations. With absolutely no medium the into the nutrient solution with no additional
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root are able to grow to a more dense mass. In combination with chelated nutrients, DWC allows a phenomenal amount of lush growth in the canopy from an extremely small space (relative to containers) in the root zone. DWC systems elaborately enhance the root zone’s natural capacity to function through its own design. By keeping nutrient levels extremely low (300-400 average) you can avoid many of the issues that gardening with highly concentrated synthetic nutrients can create. You also have complete and direct control over exactly what the plant has access to as you create the medium with whatever nutrient solution that you mix and fill the bucket with.
Why it works With this level of control it’s much easier to adjust the temperature of the medium as well. A crispy cool medium not only provides higher levels of dissolved oxygen and strong pathogenic resistance but allows the canopy to grow and thrive in a wider variety of temperatures and conditions. The comparative results to traditional container mediums can look like improved yields by 20 to 50 percent, shorter flower times by one to two weeks, faster veg. times by 30 to 40 percent and all the accelerated growth rates associated with attaining these results. This can be both a great thing and the characteristic that makes DWC growing
temperature. Anything above 72-73 degrees F° will create some pretty comfortable conditions for aerobic bacteria and other fungal infestations that can destroy root systems. Using preventatives such as H2O2, hypochlorous acid or other root zone optimizers is a wise choice as the adversity of the conditions increase. Adding a perpetual cycle of frozen water bottles can take a degree or three out of your nutrient solution’s temps, helpful if you’re floating right on the border of the danger zone.
Deep Water Culture systems
maximize the oxygen getting to your plant’s roots. DWCs generally use a small net pot, filled with a rock medium and fitted into the lid of a bucket which holds the plant’s stalk and acts as an anchor the roots grow out of and are suspend from. The roots grow out of the net pot in a short period of time from transplant and a cool, oxygen rich nutrient solution is there to greet them.
tHE “LESS IS MORE” PRINCIPLE
difficult to master. If you don’t know what the plant needs and when it needs it, you have no medium with residual food or “as of yet”unavailable nutrients to compensate for any errors. You will learn about nutrient deficiency very quickly as a result. Also because the roots are suspended directly in solution they are more nutrient sensitive and will burn faster and more easily if nutrient concentrations get too high and will lock up faster if pH falls out of line. With fewer days in flower, having every aspect of the garden dialed in each day becomes even more critical. If the initial mix of nutrients is too high, plants will continue on their super high rates of growth as long as they can. In turn, the plants will consume more of the water in the solution than the nutrients, which increases the concentration further and creates a domino effect. If you are not able to catch this within a few hours to a day, your plants may burn, lock up or both, and if that happens during flower on what may be a 55-day cycle you may lose a substantial amount in the results department. Another area highly prone to cause problems in DWC is mechanical failure. Unlike almost every other hydroponic system, adding in redundancy for electrical or mechanical pump failure can be a challenge. If the air pump fails, the roots become suspended in stagnant water and in a few hours will become starved for oxygen, and at risk of aerobic bacterial blooms. DWC systems are generally prone to bacterial root infections because most systems have the bucket with the nutrient solution being pounded by high-intensity discharge lighting. It’s imperative that you monitor your solution’s
Sink or swim Always start with one site at a time, leave room for learning. Don’t convert your entire garden to a new growing style.
Synthetic Nutrients (salt-based) work better in Deep Water Culture systems. Stay away from any organic nutrients and supplements containing organic amendments.
Use only base nutrients and a bloom booster. Start out at 25% of the recommended
nutrient concentrations and consider working your way up to 50%.
Water temps are key. Keep them as low as you can or around 65 degrees F °.
When it comes to Oxygen, the more the better. Lots of air, lots of diffusers (air stones).
DON’T draw the air you are oxygenating your buckets with from inside your C0 2 rich growing environment.
Let me make this as clear as I can. The overwhelming reason one goes through all the effort, utilizes all the resources and ultimately takes all the risks associated with cultivating in “The Deep” is to take advantage of the environment created for the root zone. This means that the “less is more” principle is amplified to a major degree. If you choose to garden using a DWC system, let the system do the work and focus on keeping the nutrient concentrations low and the pH in range. Which type of mineral based supplement you choose, assuming you adhere to the rest of the suggestions is less important in deep water cultivation provided it’s of high quality and you choose a nutrient line suitable for DWC. Lots of growers talk about grams per watt as an ultimate measure of skill in the garden and, to a large extent, I agree. There is a clear and divisive line between those growers who are able to pull north of 1-1.25 gpw and those that do not. But often overlooked in these “efficiency” measures is what it took to arrive at these total grams. Let us not forget the reason hydroponic gardening was invented in the first place. In sealed rooms where transpired moisture is collected and recycled, DWC systems are more environmentally friendly than their organic counterparts from a water conservation perspective and are more efficient. DWC system excel at production efficiency and can not only crush 1.25 gpw yields but can do so using about at 0.01 gpg (gallons per gram). To put that in perspective, the analogous room using high capacity container medium would use roughly 25 times that amount of water to produce the same result and require approximately four times the amount of fertilizer If you dig tinkering, taking readings, making small adjustments and seeing big differences in a short period of time, growing this way might be something you will excel at and come to truly enjoy.
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BEHIND THE STRAIN
BY DR. SCANDERSON FOR NORTHWEST LEAF
Never hesitate to email me at email@example.com. See a wide range of useful growing videos and tips at Youtube.com/DrScandersonGt
Lineage This strain was a happy accident of epic proportions. It all started with a cut of East Coast Sour Diesel lovingly given the title of “Superman” which produced some seeds that eventually pollinated an amazing cut of Grape Stomper. The result, after several pheno hunts, are an overwhelmingly special plant created right here in the Northwest. We are pleased to be featuring the creator of this strain “The Big-C,” in this month’s Behind The Strain How it grows section. HOW IT GROWS
Sour Grape Diesel
SOUR GRAPE DIESEL
>> A clear, uplifting sativa remarkably free of any hyperness or other side effects
Smoke report/bag appeal Sour Grape Diesel highlights two of her parents most spectacular traits in scent and appearance. The powerful and sharp smell of grape Kool-Aid giving way to a sour diesel smell immediately distinguishes this medication. Pale green and orange hairs deeply covered in a fine coating of milky crystals reveals the bud shape and structure of the Sour D and the heavier crystal production more reminiscent of the Grape Stomper mother. A familiar fan favorite, Sour Diesel flavors presented in a tightly wrapped candy grape package seems to be a clashing combination of flavors that go surprisingly well together. Like salty and sweet, the soft candied grape flavors accent the raw meaty diesel flavors that quickly take hold of the flavor roller coaster the smoke from these blooms provides.
The Genetics East Coast Sour Diesel (reversed clone) x Grape Stomper aka Sour Grapes (Blue Sky Nursery clone)
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a fan favorite, SGD has clashing combination of flavors that go surprisingly well together.
is like one of those Playboy centerfolds, who as a young girl, was gangly and awkward. As a teen, she was too tall and disproportionate, but then all of a sudden she’s gorgeous and robust in all the right places. SGD is long and lanky and can literally grow more than 500 percent in flower. An eight-inch clone, forced into flower, can soar to a towering five-foot-tall frost-covered tree. But, she does all her filling out in the last three weeks of a nine-week flower cycle. Vegging is a fast process with SGD unless using a scrog setup where time would be spent training her into a large bush. Long spacing between bud sites can make for a growing challenge, as well as cloning as cutting show particular susceptibility to rot. She is a happy plant with vibrant green and long serrated leaves that will burn easily so care must be given to keep enough distance from strong HID bulbs. High heat and humidity are the enemies as she favors a cooler drier climate to thrive. She is an easy eater and will happily hang with any sane feeding schedule but seems to favor a moderate ppm of around 1000 (700 scale) when grown in a flood and drain system. At week four and five she is sensitive to Phosphorous so I lower the ppm’s to keep things rolling along. Supporting branches late in flower is a must as the stems are somewhat thin and can’t handle the chunk that develops near the end. I also tend to remove some of the large leaves around the same time to let in extra light for the final budding push. Ten days of flushing in hydro will ensure a clean healthy smoke and sometimes give the buds a little purple outlining.
effects clear and focused without any traces of the jitters,
combined with an exciting creative mindset are the hallmarks of this strain’s effects. Taking the levels down a rung or two from the soaring, psychedelic effects that Sour Diesel can sometimes overwhelm with is a welcomed change. This one is an excellent choice for patients seeking medication that provides a clear and uplifting sativa-dominant experience while avoiding the racy side effects sativas can sometimes provide.
Sour OG Blue Afghani
Grape Ape NYC Diesel
Blue City Diesel
Dream Twilight Blue Blue Sour Diesel
Lambs Breath Mango
DJ Short Blueberry
Lemon Skunk Greenberry
Bubba Kush White Russian KG Elephant God Bud
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