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m E D I CA L M A RIJUA N A PAT IEN T S told the state’s Liquor Control Board last month to keep their hands off their medicine,
at densely packed standing room-only comment hearing at Saint Martin’s University in Lacey. No matter: the visibly bored Board heard hours of heartfelt testimony by longtime activists, truly sick patients, and others who’ve helped by accessible, home growable and, yes, within their budget. medical Cannabis. The resounding cheers and boos that night showcased exactly what’s still at stake.
8 questions: Dante Jones
Herbs House/Juice Bar
A Primer on Terpenes
Strain of the Month
The Lucas Formula
Steve Elliott tackles current events
Optimistic, despite shuttering his store Ballard access tastes healthy & fresh
Flip to the centerspread to enjoy
Baked goods and gooey desserts
Forget 5 stars. How about 5 leaves?
The compounds that enhance your bud A crucial 2:1 ratio, Scanderson writes
COVER ARTIST PROFILE.........10 NATIONAL NEWS....................12 I-502 CLOSES COLLECTIVE.....24 WOMEN OF WEED................26 THE KUSH BOTTLES..............38 STRAIN OF THE MONTH...........44 2013 GIFT GUIDE.......................48 CONCENTRATES.............66 ELECTROSMOG...................78 GROWTECH.....................82 BEHIND THE STRAIN..................86
COVER ART by Joshua Boulet for Northwest Leaf CONTENTS PHOTOS by Daniel Berman/Northwest Leaf
A dab rig available as part of a gift set
2 0 1 3 G I FT G U I D E Weâ€™re not saying you need this stuff to have friends, make friends, have fun with friends or find people who smell like they could be friends â€” but they are useful, interesting gadgets that can enrich the day to day routine and your wardrobe. Photo by Daniel Berman
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Thank you for checking out the 42 nd issue of northwest leaf!
his month our cover features a one of a kind Seattle Christmas scene illustrated by local artist Joshua Boulet (profile next page). His amazing artwork is the perfect addition to this issue, which is full of special treats like medicated holiday recipes and a sweet holiday gift guide. We also highlight a new access point in Ballard that is mixing up more than just smoothies, and sit down with former Green Ambrosia owner Dante Jones about his chosen shift away from the medical marijuana industry. There’s also a very informative article on Terpenes, and their interaction with our bodies that makes marijuana such an effective medicine. Learn more about how terpenes can actually make your medicinal effects stronger, and how Analytical 360 is testing to inform patients about their medicines terpene content. One of my favorite stories is in the Women of Weed story from returning writer, Alison Draisin, who profiles the group that has helped women in the Cannabis industry connect and network. They were kind enough to allow Daniel in for a picture.
We also have an interesting article from Dr. Rose about a potential danger to our health, as well as a crucial growtech article from the illustrious Dr. Scanderson focusing on the promise of the Lucas Formula for every level of growing. Plus, plenty of national news from writer Steve Elliott. Now, before I close out this letter, and issue, I want to say something to the dedicated patients who showed up in Lacey for the public testimony regarding the proposed changes by the Liquor Control Board. Thank you! From the bottom of my heart, and those of every other patient in the country, thank you for standing up for your rights. We gave the Board our mind, nothing less could be said. But we’re not finished yet, and the choices our state makes regarding medical Cannabis will affect policy for the rest of the country. We need to stand up and continue to fight for our rights, and for positive change. Every voice counts, so make yours heard! — Wes Abney
Contact Northwest Leaf editor Wes Abney
to discuss advertising or displaying our magazine in a new location. We want to hear from you! Feel free to send submissions, share news tips, your take on a story or one we should hear.
Phone 206-235-6721 Email firstname.lastname@example.org
founder & editor-in-chief
the truth about the plant you thought you knew, IN every issue.
photographer & designer
Daniel Berman contributors JOSHUA BOULET ALISON DRAISIN STEVE ELLIOTT KIRK ERICSON TYLER J. MARKWART BOB MONTOYA WILL RODENBOUGH DR. SCANDERSON SCOTT D. ROSE
dec. 2013 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
about the cover
By wes abney | Photo by Daniel Berman
The illustrator behind Santa’s visit and other impressive drawings shares what motivates his work.
The Fremont Troll is inspiration and a few blocks from his new home.
a picture is worth a thousand words, the so-called live art drawings that Joshua Boulet produces are certainly able to fill a library. The level of detail that his artwork includes pulls the viewer deep into the vibrant scenes, melding emotions with ink to produce something truly spectacular. Born in Dallas, Texas, the 35-year-old Boulet has lived in Seattle as a patient for a little more than a year. He had wanted to move to the Emerald City for years, he said, after receiving some green inspiration of his own at Hempfest.
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“ S t e a m p u n k o w l”
He has drawn everything from festivals to house parties, baseball games to the Occupy movement. It was the latter that led him to publish a book of his work, detailing two months of living while entrenched in the protests in Dallas and Fort Worth Texas, Chicago and New York. “It was a week-long planned trip that turned into two months, sleeping and living within the Occupy movement,” Boulet explained. “It was an awesome experience, and it took my art to the next level.”
His 130-page book, “Draw Occupy Wall Street” features scenes from within Zuccotti Park before the NYPD raids. Flipping through the book is like a combination comic book and courtroom illustration, capturing people in extreme moments and highlighting the tensions that plagued the movement. This can be attributed to Boulet’s process of drawing “live art,” where he will observe a scene and build it into a drawing. Since moving here, he has also completed commissions for several covers of Seattle Weekly. “Everyone is always cool with me doing my thing, sketching. It’s more of a natural thing I try to channel. The drawing starts as I watch people come and go from the scene, and it develops in front of me as I work,” he explained. “That’s why I can capture the feeling [of a scene].” One of the best Seattle-centric drawings Boulet has created features the main stage of Hempfest, with a crowd fitting of a Where’s Waldo comic. Anyone who has been to Hempfest before is instantly transported back, and it’s almost as if the smells of Cannabis and festival food could rise out of the paper and grab your soul. “I would like to open people’s third eyes with my artwork,” he said cryptically. “I want to make art that is true to me.”
He has drawn everything from festivals to house parties to baseball games and two months inside an occupy camp.
Learn more about his work at JoshuaBoulet.com and Thegreenreefer.com. You can get custom prints of his work or, may we suggest, this month’s cover.
dec. 2013 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
STEVE ELLIOTT is the editor behind tokesignals.com, an independent blog of Cannabis news and opinion
MEDICAL MARIJUANA NEWS
Washington Liquor Control Board Announcement
200+ Pesticides will be Allowed On new recreational Marijuana
he Washington State Liquor Control Board, along with the Washington State Department of Agriculture, on Friday announced that more than 200 pesticides will be allowed for use in the production, processing and handling of marijuana sold in the state-licensed stores. If you were expecting pesticide-free pot from the state stores, so much for that idea… and don’t even think about asking for “organic” cannabis, as there certainly won’t be any of that. Is it a coincidence that the WSLCB waited until the day after their “public input” meeting to announce that statestore marijuana will have all these pesticides in it? One can only imagine what the patients who spoke would have had to say about that (see p.20). Many of them have compromised immune systems,
By the way, you’re not
going to be allowed to grow your own, pesticidefree marijuana, because under I-502, no private home growing is allowed.
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compromised liver function, or both — which makes it a really bad idea to ingest bug poison. By the way, you’re not going to be allowed to grow your own, pesticidefree marijuana, because under I-502, no private home growing is allowed. And as the WSLCB told us again at Thursday night’s meeting, they’re recommending that the right to grow — which Washington patients have had for 15 years now – be taken away, as well. You see, it’s “inefficient,” they say, to have more than one place — you guessed it, THEM! — to buy your cannabis. Never mind that plenty of patients won’t be able to afford state-store prices. Never mind that plenty of them don’t need to be ingesting pesticides. It’s time to make some phat pot profits, people! With 25 percent taxes applied to cannabis at the growing, processing, and retail levels (yes, 75 percent tax), that marijuana, which could legally have had more than 200 pesticides used on it, will cost you pretty dearly. Estimates have run as low as $15 and as high as $50 a gram.
Feds Have No Viable Legal Challenge To Marijuana Legalization, Admits DeputyA.G.
eputy Attorney General James Cole admitted on November 10 that the U.S. Justice Department doesn’t have a viable legal challenge. “It would be a very challenging lawsuit to bring,” Cole said while testifying at the first Congressional hearing on cannabis legalization in the two states. Cole said that repealing state penalties for growing, possessing, and selling marijuana does not create a “positive conflict” with the Uniform Controlled Substances Act. He argued that the feds would be on firmer legal ground if they tried to preempt state licensing and regulation of cannabis businesses which are newly legal under state law. But the deputy attorney general said that approach would mean that if such litigation were successful, it would leave the industry unregulated. That’s why the Department of Justice decided on the approach summarized in the memo Cole issued on August 29, limiting federal enforcement to cases that involve eight “federal concerns,” including sales to minors, drugged driving, and diversion of marijuana to other states. “As long as they are not violating any of the eight federal priorities, the federal government is not going to prosecute them,” Cole said. However, “Nothing herein precludes investigation or prosecution, even in the absence of any one of the factors listed above, in particular circumstances where investigation and prosecution otherwise serves an important federal interest.” Cole claimed that “catch-all” is “not meant to swallow the entire memo,” but the fact is, federal prosecutors still have the leeway to prosecute almost anyone whom they wish, even in legal states. Of additional concern is the fact that several U.S. Attorneys in legal medical or recreational marijuana states have already said the new directive will have no effect on who they The fact is, federal prosecutors prosecute. still have the legal leeway Cole said the DOJ is to prosecute almost anyone working with federal bankwhom they wish, even in legal ing regulators to address banks’ fear of working with states. Several U.S. attorneys pot businesses, which are said the new directive will forced to operate on a cashhave no effect on their cases. only basis because financial institutions don’t want to incur federal wrath by accepting their deposits. “We agree it is an issue we need to deal with,” Cole said in response to a question from Senate Judiciary Committee Chairman Patrick Leahy (D-Vt.). “There is a public safety concern when businesses have a lot of cash lying around.” Cole denied that the Drug Enforcement Administration had warned armored-car services not to do business with cannabis sellers. “DEA was merely asking questions of the armored car companies as to what their practices are,” Cole claimed. The deputy attorney general said the inability of marijuana businesses to deduct expenses on federal tax returns would have to be fixed by Congress through legislation.
Americans Say Off-The-Clock Use Should Not Get You Fired Huffpost/Yougov poll results
Percentage of those polled who believe it’s unacceptable to fire in a legal state.
Percentage who believe it’s acceptable to fire for offtime use in legal pot state.
73% Percentage of 45-64 y/os who say firing is unacceptable in a legal pot state.
VIEW THE FULL RESULTS OF THE POLL ONLINE: www.tinyurl.com/firingpoll
verwhelmingly, Americans — about 2/3 of them — believe that it’s unacceptable for companies to fire employees for offthe-clock marijuana use in states where it is legal. According to the HuffPost/YouGov poll, 64 percent of Americans think that if marijuana were legal in their state, it would be unacceptable to fire an employee for toking up during his or her free time. Only 22 percent said it would be acceptable to dismiss them for toking off the job. That’s identical to the percentage saying it would be unacceptable to fire an employee for drinking off the job. How about in states where marijuana isn’t yet legal? In that case, when simply asked whether it would be unacceptable to fire an employee for smoking marijuana during off-hours, not mentioning the legality of cannabis, 45 percent said it would be unacceptable, and 32 percent said it would be OK. Fifty-one percent of respondents under age 30
said it would be unacceptable to fire employees for marijuana use, regardless of legality. In a situation where cannabis is legal, a majority of all respondents in all age categories said it would not be OK to fire someone for smoking pot. Most likely to say such a dismissal would be unacceptable was the 45-to-64 age group, with 73 percent saying it wouldn’t be OK, and 18 percent saying it would be acceptable. Despite the unpopularity of firing employees for using legal cannabis off the job, courts continue to uphold the practice, reports AlterNet’s Paul Armentano. The Supreme Courts of California, Oregon and Washington have all ruled that the legalization of medical cannabis on the state level doesn’t prevent employers from firing workers for off-the-job use. Similar court challenges are still pending in other states, including Colorado and Michigan.
24 7 2 48.8 2,300
Number of plants patients would be able to possess in a proposed Western Virginia medical Cannabis bill. The total counts half being mature, half as clones.
Number of targets spread across four cities in the Bay Area for growing and selling marijuana. Hundreds of mature plants were seized by San Leandro, CA deputies.
Number of years in the city of North Bend, WA has had a moratorium on both medical & recreational Cannabis. The current moratorium is set to expire mid-April 2014. Percentage of alcohol related brain damage that CBD treatment can reduce, according to a study by the University of Kentucky.
Number of pounds of marijuana found by Federal Agents in Santa Cruz County in a GMC Sierra pickup, with no word about whether the driver will face an additional ticket/fine for having a truck over the legal weight limit without oversized-load signage.
152 26 1
Number of Cannabis plants found by Alaska State Troopers at a marijuana grow located in the city of North Pole, reports AlaskaDispatch.com
Age of a Corona, CA man who has plead guilty to forgery and failure to legally pay workers and make state withholding tax contributions, after Riverside police discovered his vitamin store was also selling marijuana. Number of years of probation Congressman Trey Radel, a Florida Republican in his first year, will receive after pleading guilty to cocaine possession. He opposes MMJ and said he supports drug testing all food stamp recipients.
“WE’LL BE THE FIRST COUNTRY TO HAVE A REGULATORY FRAMEWORK FOR MARIJUANA PRODUCTION, DISTRIBUTION, SALE, CONSUMPTION AND MEDICAL RESEARCH. THIS IS AN EXPERIMENT..IT COULD BE THE START OF A NEW PARADIGM.” - Julio Bango, a legislator in Uruguay, which passed a bill to allow all the country’s citizens to possess up to 40 grams of Cannabis, along with the right to grow up to six plants, or 99 plants in a member collective of up to 45 people. The UN Office on Drugs and Crime estimates 162 million people use Cannabis worldwide.
STEVE ELLIOTT is the editor behind tokesignals.com, an independent blog of Cannabis news and opinion
LA Sheriff Cuts Ties With pastor over dispensary connections
Christian pastor who’s getting department learned from KABC-TV Channel 7 about the revocation of Turner’s paid more than $100,000 a year by foundation’s nonprofit status, and that a medical marijuana dispensary is being the Los Angeles Sheriff ’s Departoperated on his property, according to Whitmore. ment has been sent home -- with pay -- afWhitmore said Rev. Turner owns two strip malls in L.A., and one of them has ter it was revealed he owns a a medical marijuana dispensary as a tenant. Oh noooo. strip mall home to a medical “The City of Los Angeles has deemed dispensaries to be illegal,” Reverend Turner, marijuana dispensary. Whitmore sniffed. the head of the MultiBishop Edward R. Turner, Public records show Rev. Turner owns a property that’s also the Faith Clergy Countil who has worked as a “paid listed address for Manchester Caregivers, a medical marijuana disfor 14 years, is still field deputy” for Sheriff Lee pensary that has in its product line cannabis brownies, pot-infused Baca and headed the sheriff ’s fudge cookies, ice cream, THC candies and smoking accessories receiving his nearly Multi-Faith Clergy Council for 14 years, is being investigatto those with California medical marijuana cards, reports Richard $100k/year salary as ed for his connections to a medicinal cannabis access point Winton at the Los Angeles Times. the LASD continues which is housed in a mall he owns, reports Nancy Dillon at Rev. Turner is still getting is salary, “about $100,000 a year, betheir investigation. the New York Daily News. cause the investigation is in the early stages, and there have been “He was relieved of duty today and assigned to his home no charges and no arrest,” Whitmore said. with pay,” said sheriff ’s department spokesman Steve Whitmore on No“This is a senior aide to the sheriff, so this will move as quickly as it can,” Whitvember 13. Whitmore confirmed an internal affairs investigation has startmore said. “And at its conclusion, we will announce what we have found and take ed. Rev. Turner was relieved of duty by Sheriff Baca on Thursday after the the appropriate action.”
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ROUTINE TRAFFIC STOP TURNS INTO NIGHTMARE CAVITY SEARCH
Deming, New Mexico man was subjected to a nightmarish 14-hour anal cavity search for drugs after allegedly running a stop sign, according to recently discovered documents. No drugs were found, and now David Eckert is suing officers and the doctors who conducted the search, which occurred on January 2, 2013. After searches of his car and his person revealed no drugs, officers held Eckert until a judge issued a warrant because officers alleged Eckert appeared to be “clenching his buttocks.” Doctors at Mimbres Memorial Hospital in Deming refused to conduct the search on ethical grounds, according to the court documents. So officers took Eckert to Gila Regional Medical Center in a neighboring county. KOB TV, reported that the following events then unfolded. 1. Eckert’s abdominal area was x-rayed, and no narcotics were found. 2. Doctors then performed an exam of Eckert’s anus with
their fingers; no narcotics were found. 8. Doctors prepared and sedated Eckert 3. Doctors performed a second exam of Eckert’s for surgery, then performed a colonosanus with their fingers; no narcotics were found. copy where a scope with a camera was 4. Doctors penetrated Eckert’s anus to insert an inserted into Eckert’s rectum, colon, and enema. Eckert was forced to defecate in front of large intestines. No narcotics were found. doctors and police officers. Eckert watched as Eckert was released with no charges. doctors searched his stool. No narafter all that, and later reNo drugs were cotics were found. ceived a bill from the hospital, 5. Doctors penetrated Eckert’s Eckert is suing for compenfound and Eckert anus to insert an enema a second satory and punitive damages was released with time. Eckert was forced to defecate for his horrific ordeal. no charges after in front of doctors and police of“If the officers in Hidalgo ficers. Eckert watched as doctors multiple anal probes, County and the City of searched his stool. No narcotics Deming are seeking warrants enemas, x-rays and were found. for anal cavity searches based colonoscopies. He 6. Doctors penetrated Eckert’s on how they’re standing and never gave consent. anus to insert an enema a third the warrant allows doctors at time. Eckert was forced to defecate the Gila Hospital of Horrors in front of doctors and police officers. Eckert to go in and do enemas and colonoscowatched as doctors searched his stool. No narcotpies without consent, then anyone can ics were found. be seized and that’s why the public needs 7. Doctors then x-rayed Eckert again; no narcotto know about this,” Eckert’s attorney, ics were found. Shannon Kennedy, said.
dec. 2013 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
STEVE ELLIOTT is the editor behind tokesignals.com, an independent blog of Cannabis news and opinion
Smokers risk dui charges even months after toking
here’s nothing wrong with charging a motorist who smoked marijuana a month ago with impaired driving, an Arizona prosecutor told the state Supreme Court on November 5. Susan Luder, a deputy Maricopa County attorney, admitted that carboxy-THC, a metabolite of marijuana, often shows up in drug tests a month after the last time an individual used cannabis, reports Capitol Media Services. She didn’t even argue with her own expert witness, who said the presence of that metabolite does not indicate someone is impaired. But, as strange as it seems, Luder told the Supreme Court justices that it is perfectly legal under Arizona law to prosecute someone for driving under the influence of marijuana when they haven’t smoked for a month, and are not impaired. Those convicted of driving while drugged can lose their driver’s license for up to a year in Arizona. If Luder’s arguments prevail, Arizona’s 40,000 legal medical marijuana patients will effectively be banned from driving, since the human body’s endocannabinoid system holds onto marijuana metabolites for as long as it can, treating them more as a nutritional supplement than as a toxin (the body expels substances like cocaine, alcohol and methamphetamine as quickly as possible, usually in three to five days). The current Supreme Court case stems from a driver being cited for a traffic violation, and upon being given a blood test, was found to have carboxy-THC in his system. He was charged with driving with an illegal drug or its metabolite in his body. A trial judge threw the case out of court, but the Court of Appeals differed, saying the DUI laws “must be interpreted broadly.” That appeals court ruling effectively bans anyone with any carboxy-THC in their blood from driving, according to attorney Michael Alarid, who caled that “an absurd result.” Justice Scott Bales seemed all too willing to make excuses for the intrusive and inaccurate drug testing, saying the fact remains that anyone who tests positive for carboxy-THC had in fact, used marijuana at some point. Justice Bales claimed there isn’t any way for police to “extrapolate backwards” to determine when that person was impaired. How convenient for the cops, eh? “If we don’t know that, wouldn’t it be reasonable for the Legislature to prohibit driving while you have carboxy-THC in your system?” Bales cluelessly asked. But a simple ban on driving with carboxy-THC in the blood isn’t rationally related to protecting the public from impaired drivers, according to lawyer Alarid. The justices haven’t yet indicated how they will rule.
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Portland, Maine voters win a historic landslide and legalize marijuana!
es, there is now a city on the East Coast that has legalized marijuana, with voters overwhelmingly approving ballot Question 1, an ordinance removing penalties for adult possession of small amounts of cannabis. Unofficial totals showed the proposal passing with 67 percent of the vote, 9,921 to 4,823. The city ordinance allows people 21 and older to possess up to 2.5 ounces of marijuana, and is seen by many activists as a foot in the door to statewide legalization. The immediate effects, however, are unclear. Portland Police Chief Michael Sauschuck has already said that regardless of the vote, officers will continue enforcing Maine state law, under which possession of up to 2.5 ounces of cannabis can result in fines of $350 to $1,000, along with a civil summons. Selling or providing pot to others can result in criminal charges. The city should respect the voters and not arrest or fine adults for marijuana possession, according to David Boyer, Maine political director for the Marijuana Policy Project (MPP). “We call on city officials to stop the bleeding,” Boyer said. “It’s time for the state of Maine to follow Portland.” MPP will try to legalize marijuana through the Maine Legislature, according to Boyer; if that The city ordinance doesn’t work, it will attempt to get a statewide referallows people 21 and endum on the 2016 ballot, he said. MPP spent more older to possess up to $10,000 on the Portland campaign. 2.5 ounces of marijuana, than Portland’s vote will energize Maine voters, according and is seen by many to state Rep. Diane Russell, who has already submitactivists as a foot in ted two unsuccessful bills in the Legislature would the door to statewide would tax and regulate marijuana like alcohol. One legalization. fell four votes short in the House of Representatives. “Volunteers have been working tirelessly to make Portland the first city on the East Coast to legalize marijuana for adults, and tonight we celebrate,” Rep. Russell said, reports NORML Communications Director Erik Altieri. “This is a victory for science, for common sense and for liberty.” “We already successfully regulate marijuana for medical use and, with tonight’s vote, it’s now clear Mainers are ready to move forward responsibly regulating all adult marijuana sales,” Rep. Russell said. “It’s time to stop rewarding the drug cartels and start rewarding responsible business owners, while funding important state priorities with new tax revenue.” “We hope this resounding vote in Portland sends a loud and clear message, not just to lawmakers in August, but lawmakers nationwide, NORML’s Altieri said. “We the people are ready for marijuana legalization and it is well past time for legislators to listen to their constituents and push for an end to the failed policy of prohibition.”
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STEVE ELLIOTT is the editor behind tokesignals.com, an independent blog of Cannabis news and opinion
Voters Approve Heavily Taxed Marijuana Sales in Colorado
C Miley Cyrus Fires Up Joint Onstage In Amsterdam POP SENSATION Miley Cyrus fired up a joint onstage Nov. 17 at the MTV European Music Awards in Amsterdam immediately after accepting the Best Music Video award for “Wrecking Ball.” “I couldn’t fit this award in my bag but I did find this, so thank you guys very much,” she said as she pulled a joint out of her purse and lit it up, with fans cheering wildly. MTV censored the footage of Cyrus smoking weed when airing the EMAs in the United States, reports Deadline’s Nellie Andreeva. “We applaud MTV for taking responsible actions to eliminate the drug use from its U.S. broadcast, and we urge them to make that a uniform policy for all MTV censored the of its programming, said Parents footage of Cyrus Television Council President Tim smoking weed Winter. Winter had slammed when airing the MTV for Cyrus’s twerking at the European music Video Music Awards back in Auawards in the gust. United States. Cyrus has been associated with cannabis use since her 19th birthday party in 2011, where she joked about being a stoner. “I think weed is the best drug on Earth,” she said in a recent Rolling Stone interview. Miley arrived in Amsterdam on Friday and spent much of the weekend hanging out at the Greenhouse Coffee Shop downtown with several other stars.
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olorado voters on November 5 approved a statewide ballot measure imposing special excise taxes on legal marijuana wholesale and retail sales. The Denver Post called the election with Proposition AA ahead 65-35 with 65 percent of precincts reporting. Retail marijuana sales are scheduled to begin on January 1 in localities throughout Colorado, including the state’s largest city, Denver, and they will begin in other cities throughout 2014. The taxes make cannabis one of the most heavily taxed consumer products in the state, according to John Ingold at The Denver Post. According to the state’s voter guide, Proposition AA is expected to bring in $67 million a year. With $27.5 million going toward school construction, as specified in Amendment 64, the rest will to toward paying for regulation of legal marijuana stores. Some cities, which will also get a cut of the statewide tax on pot, plan to use the money for projects such as road repairs. Proposition AA was referred to the ballot by the Colorado General Assembly in accordance with Amendment 64, the initiative approved by state voters in 2012 to regulate marijuana like alcohol. “Colorado is demonstrating to the rest of the nation that it is possible to end marijuana prohibition and successfully regulate marijuana like alcohol,” said Mason Tvert, director of communications for the Marijuana Policy Project (MPP), which supported Proposition AA and was the largest The new taxes are financial backer of the Amendment 64 campaign in expected to bring 2012. “It is only a matter of time before voters and in as much as $67 lawmakers in other states recognize the benefits and million per year, adopt similar policies.” with nearly half Proposition AA creates a 15 percent excise tax on wholesale sale of marijuana for adult use (e.g. between going to school a construction. cultivation facility and a retail store), of which the first $40 million raised annually will be directed toward the state’s public school construction program. Proposition AA also establishes a 10 percent special sales tax on retail marijuana sales, to be applied in addition to standard state and local sales taxes. “Passage of this measure underscores the benefits of taxing and regulating marijuana sales instead of forcing them into the underground market,” Tvert said. “Instead of benefitting drug cartels, marijuana sales will generate tens of millions of dollars annually for the state’s public school construction program.” Colorado Legislative Council staff estimate Prop. AA will generate $27.5 million in annual excise tax revenue and $39.5 million in annual state sales tax revenue (with $6 million of that sales tax revenue directed back to localities). The revenue from the new 10 percent state sales tax will fund the regulatory structure (including enforcement of the laws for the testing, tracking, and labeling of retail marijuana and measures to prevent the diversion of retail marijuana to individuals under 21 years old).
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m or e th a n 500 pati e n ts jo in in t e l l ing l iq uo r co nt r o l boa r d : “ha nds off our m edicin e! ”
LOUD AND PROUD A
By Steve elliott for NORTHWEST LEAF | Photos by Daniel Berman
very energized Washington medical to stop patients from growing their own cannabis, marijuana community attended the one which they’ve been allowed to do for 15 years now, meeting available to give patient feedsince Washington voters approved RCW 69.51a in back to the Washington State Liquor 1998. Control Board on its MMJ recommendations. Patient after patient, many facing end-stage The LCB has recommended patients no longer chronic diseases and limited incomes, told the be allowed to grow at home, the elimination of all Board that without the ability to grow at home, collective gardens, deep-sixing the process which they couldn’t afford the volume of medicine needed. adds new qualifying conditions, and reduc“Not only was I transPatient after patient, ing the amount of marijuana patients can porting a friend of mine many facing end-stage possess from 24 to 3 ounces. whose husband has Stage chronic diseases and Judging by the demeanor of the govern4 prostate cancer, but I limited incomes, told the ment officials present, they’d rather have was representing myself Board that without the been almost anywhere else that night. Conand two cancer patients,” ability to grow at home, sidering their recommendations, I don’t activist Nightmare Alathey couldn’t afford the blame them. bama told NW Leaf. volume of medicine Chief among the problems patients found “We’re all medical they needed to survive. with the recommendations was the proposal cannabis patients who
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wanted to send a clear message: ‘Hands off our medicine!’ “My 22-year-old son is a leukemia patient diagnosed when he was 16. My best friend has Stage 3 mesothelioma. They both rely on either my ability to grow cannabis, or a safe access point. The reality is, the LCB has no business trying to regulate a medicine. I want to grow my own medicine so I know that it is organic. I want the LCB to leave our medicine alone.” “I went down there to speak to the Board and to hand out petitions for 584,” activist Don Skakie told us. “I gave one to every person there; at the end of the evening, I found only one that had been left behind. “In my comments to the board, I told them they shouldn’t overburden the system by trying to put medical into it,” Skakie said.
Patient Robert Denton speaks during public comment; Board member Chris Marr signals a speaker’s time is nearly up. Patrick Seifert of Rainier Xpress in Olympia looks on during the hearing.
If the new ‘suggested’
medical marijuana regulations go into effect, neither the concentrated oil nor the specif ic plant strain he needs to make this oil will be available at an LCB store site, nor would we be able to afford to purchase the amount needed to keep him alive. We will be forced to move to Oregon or California; otherwise, he will die.”
-Kim Morera, on her
husband’s use of Cannabis extracts for cancer treatment
rANDY SIMMONS center in gray, above, is responsible for the infrastructure behind recreational pot. He was sandwiched next to Rick Garza,
the state Liquor Control Board’s deputy director. Last March, Board Member Chris Marr described Simmons as “the man behind the curtain.” “They should first see if the 502 system can even serve the recreational market before they put medical into it. The board should now know that trying to recommend medical go away before they even have a good, viable system in place is untenable.” “We relocated to Washington from Virginia, so that my husband, after failed surgery and radiation treatment, could pursue using cannabis oil to slow the progression of his cancer,” Kim Morera said. “My husband needs to ingest 2+ grams of oil daily, and it takes one ounce of cannabis to make a daily dose of medicine for him. “If the new ‘suggested’ medical marijuana regulations go into effect, neither the concentrated oil nor the specific plant strain that he needs to make this oil will be available at an LCB store site, nor would we be able to afford to purchase the amount needed to keep him alive. We will be forced to move to Or-
Number of comments the LCB received by email, the majority recommending the Board not decimate patient rights like home-grow and possession amounts. Thanks for writing!
Upcoming I-502 deadlines DEC 2: Agency staff meeting. Task: Finalize recommendations to Liquor Control Board. DEC 18: Liquor Control Board meeting. Vote on final recommendations to state Legislature. JAN 1. 2014: Liquor Control Board delivers final recommendations to state Legislature.
egon or California; otherwise, he will die.” “I stand up for those who are too weak or scared to stand up for themselves, so that anyone who wants a voice can use my voice to be heard,” Tammy Ramsay (a.k.a. “Tk Canna”) told NW Leaf. “I showed up to ensure that we never lose the right to grow the most healing plant ever known to man, and to preserve the healing bond between the cannabis plant and the patient – i.e., the farmer,” activist/author Farmer Tom said. Was the Board listening? That remains to be seen. But what can no longer be questioned, after this meeting, is that Washington’s medical marijuana community is united in its strong opposition to these recommendations, and this fight will not be over until the right of patients to be self-sufficient with their medicine — through either home growing or collective gardens — is no longer threatened.
dec. 2013 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
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owner Dante Jones said it’s hard to see the shop open for only a year, but he is appreciative of the wider audience I-502 will provide for his tasty products.
Questions for the optimist DANTE JONES
on why I-502 closed his shop, but not his marijuana future BY TYLER J. MARKWART FOR NORTHWEST LEAF PHOTO BY DANIEL BERMAN
#1 How did you first get into using marijuana? I’ve used marijuana for pain and muscle relief for a very long time. I have broken a number of bones, added metal plates, smashed and herniated disks, and developed nerve pain, along with hypermobile joints and fibromyalgia. My body likes to hurt, and marijuana lets me exist without wallowing in the pain. I spent some time in Amsterdam, and like a true Seattle geek, I made a spreadsheet of all the strains I tried, and all the coffeeshops, too. I took notes on what helped with muscle pain, nerve pain, sleep, eating, mood, flexibility and a whole lot of other emotions. I realized afterward that I could get all the medicine I needed from these different strains. Throughout the day, I could finally put the pain behind me and focus on life. Upon my return, those great strains and effects weren’t so easily found. That was when Green Ambrosia was born. We gathered consistently high-quality strains, and made those available to our patients. We began to look at infusions and edibles as well, creating the Manja Ganja line of edibles. I learned that people who love and work
with marijuana are good people. Yes, we may have differences. Yet through it all, working in the marijuana industry has been filled with good people with good hearts. From day one, I knew that I found a job I believed in, and a passion that’ll stay burning.
#2 why are you going to close up green ambrosia? Two big issues set off the chain of events that led to us closing our doors. First, the state Liquor Control Board caved to the feds and changed the rules on how they would enforce the 1,000-foot barrier. This meant that our business would not be licensed or protected under I-502. We no longer see a viable business model in MMJ, one that can pay employees, rent, taxes and the farmers who grow the marijuana for a living wage. As a business, we face competitors who don’t collect sales tax. MMJ businesses are facing a shrinking customer pool as patients are increasingly choosing to not renew their expensive authorizations. In order to have a future with marijuana, I decided it was best to close down Green Ambrosia. We love marijuana and its healing abilities, and over the last 2½ years we delivered and served thousands of patients across Washington. We’ll miss our wonderful patients and medicine that came through our doors.
#3 What excites you about the future of i-502? I’m happy that pot will be openly sold to consenting adults. I am very excited about the new strains, infusions and edibles that will soon be available, dwarfing the products currently in MMJ. As a patient, the thing that most titillates me is, finally, marijuana will be accessible across the state. Whether in the Tri-Cities, Spokane or Seattle, you’ll easily find quality products. Enterprising adults can plan for a career in marijuana, complete with benefits and 401(k)s. Jobs, revenue and education will all change to support marijuana. It comes down to we can go to a store and openly buy marijuana. That just makes me smile.
#4 can you Tell us about dante jones productions... Dante Jones Productions is my new marijuana business, a licensed producer and processor. This company will be growing the strains that our patients have loved, like Firecrotch, Tahuya and Frankenstein. Our engineers will be designing environments, researching nutrients and propagating new strains. As a business, we are looking for hardworking people who want to be involved. We need growers, trimmers, construction workers and technicians. Also, we need investors and landowners who want to be a part of this new industry. DJP is a big reason I’m excited about I-502. We are a marijuana business, and we can find investors, landowners and workers. Marijuana has finally reached the point where we can open businesses, file taxes and sign investors.
#5 So, what exactly is manja ganja? Manja Ganja is an award-winning edible line of delicious foods and infusions. Our inspiration is our chef and lead baker, Rachel, who develops the recipes and creates the goodies. The taste of our marijuana infusion is slightly nutty, a little earthy, with a hint of organic freshness. From the beginning, we looked for a way to combine consistently dosed infusions without the heavy taste of “green.” Early on, we created a method for infusing the food that accomplished this, and have been improving it since. The favorite food, by far, is the Glory Oh! It is a gooey peanut butter cup (infused) married inside a peanut butter cookie (infused), creating a peanut-chocolatepeanut explosion in your mouth. This masterpiece won Silver Medal at the 2012
U.S. Cannabis Cup in Seattle. We are excited about Manja Ganja and look forward to creating these edibles and more under the regulations of I-502. It is still amazing to think that soon any adult will be able to purchase and consume our infused marijuana munchies.
#6. you think i-502 is good for patients in the long run. why? Finally, I-502 has given us marijuana across all corners of our state. MMJ laws were passed in 1998. Yet only Seattle truly has this widespread access to quality medical marijuana, on demand. So for many, that $10 per gram strain is actually $15 to $20 per gram once gas and travel are factored in. Finally, marijuana and the businesses behind it are protected by our state legislators and politicians. And we’re not talking about an affirmative defense once you’re thrown in jail and summoned in front of a judge. City and state political leaders are now standing behind the businesses and revenue generated from marijuana. Like many patients, I didn’t vote for I-502 because of the restrictions in driving and the unknown component of giving a medicine up to be regulated. It still passed. Now, we’re in a better place. The political statement that Washington voters made, with the passage of I-502, has resonated across the policy halls of Olympia all the way to Washington, D.C. With an overwhelming majority in these divided times, marijuana was decriminalized and regulated. That is pretty amazing.
#7 How can patients get work out of I-502’s passing? I like to tell the story of a wonderful MMJ couple, Scot and Lori Albert. First, they came to our weekly clone classes. After class, they stayed late grilling the instructors. They got plants, a closet, nutrients, and all the things needed to grow some plants, and off they went. Like many firsttimers, they were nervous and paid attentive care to their new plants. As I-502 got closer, they sat down and wrote up a business plan so they could process marijuana into topicals and help people in the same way they were helped. They took that business plan to meet-ups, industry groups, start-up groups — anyone who would listen. With those connections, they’re getting ready to launch a legal, licensed marijuana production and processing company. Patients have the unique experience to be successful workers in the new industry. Patients are the ones who know the differences between indicas and sativas. Patients are the ones who know how to infuse edible fats with marijuana. Patients can be salespeople, selling others on the unique qualities and effects of their new product.
#8 WHAT’S THE FUTURE OF THE MOVEMENT IN A I-502 WORLD? Well, I hope everyone took a celebratory puff already, cause we got a lot of work to do. First, home-growing needs to be allowed regardless of who is growing. Whether it is five plants or 15, at-home growing must always be an option. Second, marijuana must be taken off the Schedule I drug classification. This has to happen at the state and federal levels. We must have this change so research can happen and so patients can use insurance to cover the costs of this medicine. Finally, hemp must be legalized and industrialized. This renewable crop will transform our commodities industries, allowing us to produce gas, paper, building materials and more, and as the nation’s longtime leader in environmentally sound legislation, change must continue to happen and originate from Washington state.
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Women are powerful consumers and business owners. In this burgeoning new business, we are a reckoning force.
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Photographed at Delta 9 Seattle, a collective in SoDo
OF WEED B y Alison Draisin for northwest leaf | Photo by Daniel Berman
Continues p. 28
B y Alison Draisin for northwest leaf | Photo by Daniel Berman
WOMEN OF WEED Continued from last page
he Women of Weed has become something I look forward to each month. It is a safe place where I feel a sense of love and compassion for the women who are quickly becoming my comrades in this state’s blossoming Cannabis industry. WoW gatherings are a place for companionship and camaraderie in the male-dominated Cannabis world. WoW members often joke about how the Cannabis plant is a female, but most of the people who grow, extract, write about, donate and sell the plant are men. However, that is changing. THE BEGINNING The Women of Weed was formed by Aimee (Ah) Warner and Shawn DeNae when they noted a dearth of women in the business. At a time where female Cannabis business owners were still hiding in the closet, it was wonderful to finally meet other amazing women who shared the same passion for providing quality Cannabis products in a professional manner. It definitely takes a certain kind of woman, one who is willing to risk everything to be a business owner in the Cannabis industry. Women are powerful consumers and business owners and in this burgeoning new business, we are a reckoning force. I sat down with Ah and Shawn to discuss their vision of WoW. Ah shared the mission statement of WoW: “Building a safe community of like-minded women to support and nurture our individual goals.” She notes that we are like-minded to a point. Weed and sisterhood are the common thread that binds WoW members. Based on her education in women’s studies, Ah’s motivation is that we support each other’s goals. When conceptualizing WoW, Ah had felt solitary in her first 10 years in the industry, and again, when she re-emerged in the male-dominated Cannabis industry a couple of years ago. Ah met Shawn at a Cannabis Coalition for Standards and Ethics meeting and immediately bonded with her. Shawn, having been a part of women’s groups in the square world, acknowledged how powerful the potential is for such groups.
It’s not as though you can go to your children’s PTA and talk about how you work in your marijuana garden or that you made pans of medicated edibles that day. After decades of being quiet about what we do in the weed industry, we have found a safe place to share our experiences with others who have been on a parallel path.
getting organized, united They discussed building a community in the industry for women who have been cloistered for so many years. They had no idea just how much of a need existed for such a group. At a time when people seemed unwilling to make the bold step of inviting relative strangers into their homes, Ah
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Delta 9 Seattle is owned by WoW member Stephanie Heart
BEHIND THE SCENES
took that step and opened her home to the first group of women. We rolled our own spring rolls, smoked some of the finest female plants and hashish while we talked about what it felt like being a woman in the Cannabis industry. We began to open up and talk about our hopes and dreams as Cannabis business owners. The group, which started as nine women, has grown the point where our most recent gathering had more than 75 women. As a part of WoW, I find camaraderie with women who have similar experiences of living a closeted Cannabis-loving life. Sharing such experiences with other risk-taking women is such an amazing feeling that it’s hard to find words to describe the overwhelming sense of universality. It’s not as though you can go to your children’s PTA and talk about how you work in your marijuana garden or that you made pans of medicated edibles that day. After decades of being quiet about what we do in the weed industry, we have found a safe place to share our experiences with others who have been on a parallel path.
Meaning a lot, but tough to define The best way I have found to describe Women of Weed is as a social networking group where we gather to enjoy good food, friends and the Cannabis plant in all its forms. If that is what WoW is, then the following is what WoW is not: a union, an association, a meeting, an endorser of causes, a 501(c)(3), a political action committee/group or a mentorship program. If there is a need for such groups, Ah encourages the WoW women to build those types of groups or consider joining the NORML Women’s Alliance, if they’re looking to engage in a political organization. WoW does not endorse any perspective. WoW can be a group of people that people draw support from, but do not expect the group to make endorsements.
During our Leaf photo shoot, the ladies were asked to write what Women of Weed means to them: role models, confidence, empowerment, friendship, mutual support, understanding womenhelping women, beautiful sweet women, brave, risk-takers, love, community, momentum, sharing new information, ideas, inspiration, together we can achieve the extraordinary, the amplified talents of brilliant women, joy, a haven in a competitive industry, networking, competence, friends, family, supporting the best of everything, fun without stress, and just us girls and weed.
How to get involved No committee decides who can join the group. When members bring guests into the WoW circle, it is up to the member to judge whether they have stakeholder qualities. Ah and Shawn agree that those who put in a substantial number of hours per week into the Cannabis industry either through business or activism are welcome to join. They insist that only women with a vested interest in or are taking some sort of risk in the Cannabis industry can become part of WoW. It is not just for women who like to smoke weed. They want to be inclusive, but not so big that we can no longer support the current members. Both feel that if the group gets too large, it could defeat the point of WoW. To become part of WoW, seek out members in the community, particularly with activist groups such as CCSE, NORML Women’s Alliance, the National Cannabis Industry Association or Americans for Safe Access. Get involved in the community and you will meet us. WoW seeks women who are completely invested in the plant, but we’re not actively recruiting. If you get the opportunity to join us, think about what you can give, rather then what you can get. You’ll find an amazing group of females who love, nurture, and support each other and the Cannabis plant.
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By Wes Abney | Photos by Daniel Berman
Melody, a budtender and barista, whips up a beet-infused drink
Smoothies and Sativas Herbs House in Ballard offers up a fresh juice bar downstairs froM ITS fully stocked access point
new business has moved into Ballard’s 65th street neighborhood, and it is stirring up more than delicious organic smoothies and lattes. Herb’s House is a new type of business for Seattle, and for Washington. It’s a hybrid that mixes the pleasures of a local delicatessen with the comfort of a quality medical Cannabis access point. The building is infused with natural light, and has found new life in a transformation from a custom flower shop to a new type of flower. For founder and owner Sharon Jacobsen, the location’s vibe is the driving force behind Herb’s House. “People are really taken back by how comfortable and inviting the space is,” she said. “We get a lot of walk-in customers who don’t even know it is an access
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point. Because we are a community space, a welcoming space, anyone can come in and feel at home.” It’s a pleasurable experience walking up the stone stairs to the front (a wheelchair ramp is also available.) Herb’s House has an open front deck and a comfortable waiting room. The espresso/smoothie bar is granite and wood, with stools that pull you up at a perfect height. The menu is done in colorful chalk, with unique combinations of food and drink to tempt the palate. “We have four main smoothie recipes on the menu, but there is always the option to add/take away ingredients or invent your own! We’ve also started making soups, and we have the make-your-own grilled cheese op-
Darby measures out some XJ22 for a patient
D.S is a strongly scented indica strain
tion that has been really popular,” Sharon said while moving hash options ranging from 2 to 5 stars, and BHO options that around behind the bar. “We use all organic ingredients, and include High Class Concentrates King Kong and Harlequin Herbs House source a lot of our products locally from Charlie’s Produce, and oils. We also found a nice selection of Cannabis Basics topiuse Cafe Vita coffee.” cals, and Ettalew’s-baked medibles for those who prefer a sweet 716 N.W. 65th St. One of the best parts of the experience is watching the juice treat. It’s pretty clear from looking through the selection that Seattle, WA 98117 being freshly pressed and squeezed after ordering. Forget juice Jacobsen takes as much pride in her quality medicine as she (206) 557-7388 from concentrate -- this is the real deal. With all organic ingredoes with the smoothie ingredients downstairs. dients, the items are healthful and environmentally conscious. “All our growers follow organic methods and nutrients, and “People in Seattle are more aware of the food going into their we are very picky about the medicine we bring in,” Jacobsen bodies. It is important to provide food for people and patients alike,” Sharon said. “I am passionate about the medicine, so it is important for me to get a said. product that I believe in and can stand by giving to patients.” Once patrons have had their fill of food, those who are patients can head For budtender Darby Hagemen, the experience has been enriching and upstairs for access to the medicine room. A staircase opens into an unusually offers a twist on the typical budtending position. shaped room -- the center is occupied by a case full of several strains and med“This is what I was looking for all along,” Darby said. “This is work? Really? icated options. In the flower department, the XJ-22 stands out with a sharp I get great joy out of explaining the medicine for my new patients. They want piney smell and powerful effects. Herb’s House also features two different runs so much to know about the medicine, and I can educate them, and then send of the UK Cheese/Albert Walker cross, both of which are incredibly tasty and them downstairs for a smoothie!” have properties specific to each cut. The cheese smell sneaks past the lemony The best part about Herbs House is not forcing a friend or loved one to skunk smell of the AW, but when smoked, the piney flavor comes through. wait in the car during the trip. All are welcome, and the friendly staff is ready Also worth noting is the selection of concentrates, including great bubble to answer any questions, whether about MMJ or a spinach-infused smoothie.
Dec. 2013 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
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Interview by Wes Abney | Photo by Daniel Berman
Bottle Royale 38/dec. 2013 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
Kush Bottles CEO Dallas Imbimbo is a 27-year-old entrepreneur from California who has built a successful company in the marijuana business without even selling Cannabis. But that isnâ€™t what landed him on reality TV.
Northwest Leaf: How did you get involved in the industry, and what was your motivation for starting a company? I had a lot of friends who used recreationally and medically, so I knew about Cannabis. I also had a friend who owned a dispensary as well as a shoe company. He encouraged me on the idea, and got me in touch with the initial factory contacts. We started in 2011, our kickoff year, and it was a rough year.
What was the hardest part of breaking into the industry? It was and is such a new industry. 2011 was about identifying the new market, figuring out what products were needed and which ones weren’t.
WE GOTTA ask: Who wins in bags vS. bottles? What bottles have done is add a sense of legitimacy to the industry. When you bring in Food and Drug Administration-approved packaging that is childproof, it helps keep patients and other people safe. For businesses, when they need to package medicine, it is cents on the dollar for professional packaging.
Are all bottles created equally or is there a difference in product quality? When we first started, we looked at Chinese factories, but it was clear that the products were not up to a medical standard. The lower-grade plastic has residual chemicals that can rub off on the medicine, which patients would then inhale. It’s gross. Our plastic containers meet FDA standards for safety and are waterproof and UV resistant. They are manufactured in the USA out of Pennsylvania, and are shipped to our 15,000-square-foot warehouse in California. We have also added a new facility in Washington, where we hope to expand our business and create new jobs.
How many different products ARE you makING? We make 30 different products ranging from bottles to prescription labels, bags and containers for concentrates and flowers. We try to carry the full gambit of everything a Cannabis business might need for safe and clear labeling and packaging. A few months ago, we shipped our 10-millionth bottle!
Before starting the company, you were a normal college-age guy, except for one minor detail. You were chosen to compete on the “Amazing Race” reality TV show as the first mother-son team in the series. What was that experience like?
What is good about us is that we started a company with friends at a point where the five of us were living in a two-bedroom apartment sleeping on air mattresses. We worked 14 hours a day, didn’t have time for anything other than sleep. It was the right time of my life, and I’d had the experience of the race to give me a bigger sense of myself.
It was my last year in college, and I didn’t know much about the “Amazing Race” other than that my mom wanted to go to a casting call. There were thousands of people there to try out, but it was my birthday and I told the producers that in my video. When they called back, I actually hung up on the agent the first time, but she called back. It set me off on the most amazing adventure of my life.
In what ways do you think doing the show changed how you view the world? To see eight countries, go all around the world ... after you do something like that, you have a truer understanding of the world, and it makes you look at life differently. All we had for that whole month was each other; no cellphones or any idea of what was happening in the outside world. Now, all the other rat race doesn’t matter.
Has that experience helped you build a better company? What is good about us is that we started a company with friends at a point where the five of us were living in a two-bedroom apartment sleeping on air mattresses. We worked 14 hours a day, didn’t have time for anything other than sleep. It was the right time of my life, and I’d had the experience of the race to give me a bigger sense of myself.
Today your company and brand are quite a success. What do you attribute to your success? We were good about building a sustainable brand. For any dispensary or collective garden to say they are sending out meds in a safe way ... they look to our brand. It puts them ahead of the actual game, and it is actually packaged like a medicine.
So protecting the medicinal aspect of Cannabis is important to you and your brand? What are your plans for the future? We see ourselves having a strong hold in every state that wants to give patients safe access. We are a big brand that wants regulations in our industry that protects it, and we want to see it expand as medicine. When it comes to safety, real businesses and patients understand the value of safe medicine.
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STRAIN OF THE MONTH BY WES ABNEY | PHOTO BY DANIEL BERMAN
Not to be confused with the Dutch Hawaiian,
this Hawaiian Dutch Treat, or HDT, is something special. THE TEAM has done a wonderful job perfecting their growing environment, making this bud truly medicinal grade. The THC levels are amazing and, when mixed with a potent terpene profile, this strain definitely brings a lot to the table. THE BUD STRUCTURE and curing job is one of the best parts of this strain. Whimsical foxtails jump out of these fluffy nuggets with seemingly random abandon, covered in trichomes and lightly sticky. THIS BUD REQUIRES minimal break-up to be worthy of smoking in a joint, and burns with a clean and even consistency more reminiscent of tobacco than Cannabis. The smell of the HDT brings sweet lemongrass in to mix with a light diesel undertone, and the classic Dutch Treat smell of eucalyptus and orange spices. EFFECTS SET IN slowly, with a mild body high that builds into a more moderate cerebral high after a few minutes, and a few tokes. Even though this strain is extremely high in THC, the terpenes and other Cannabinoids even out the experience, making this Sativa-dominant strain good for day or night use. WHEN SMOKED, the flavor is very sweet, and the strain rests easy on the lungs, even for big hits.
5.24% Linalool 3.63% Myrcene 0.49% alpha-Pinene 0.17% Humulene 0.54% Caryophyllene 0.78% Caryophyllene oxide 10.85% TERPENE-TOTAL
Available from Hype Herbally Holistic Health (425) 582-9385 1120 112th St. SW Everett, WA 98204 Hypeherbally@gmail.com Tested By
ANALYTICAL 360 Cannabis Analysis Laboratory
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reviews by Wes Abney | Photos by Daniel Berman
$20.00 solventless t-shirt ladies/mens sizes available from a greener today
48 dec. 2013 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
$15.00 suggested donation
$20.00 dabzilla t-shirt
$20.00 each t-shirt and booty shorts
$14.99 just dabbin t-shirt available at bhotshirts.com
$15.00 shirt/$25.00 sweatshirt
drphilgoods.com or Pacific NW Medical
$20.00 dabstix t-shirt available at dabstix.com
$20.00 ron romulan shirt available from hypeherbally or have a heart locations
Continues p. 50
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reviews by Wes Abney | Photos by Daniel Berman
The Hollow Gift Box Set $210
www.thehollow.me | facebook.com/TheHollowInRenton
Fresh from the creative minds at The Hollow glass shop in Renton is a group of awesome new gift set boxes. There are four total options of sets, though we could only pick one! The set shown features a custom slime dab rig with a quartz nail and The Hollow logo sandblasted onto the surface. The piece features thick and solid glass, but is light and compact enough to work as a travel piece, or a stay at home rig. Also included in the set is a new Bonjour torch and a Happy Daddy tool (designs vary). This is the perfect gift for someone who has been thinking about dabbing, but just hasn’t had the right tools. And at a price of $220, it can’t be beat. The glass alone normally retails for that price! We have also received details that Home Blown Concentrates (Table #8 at MMJ Universe) will donate a gram of oil to any patient that purchases a set! So jump on this offer, because it won’t last long! Four gift set options are on hand- place an order by December 15th to ensure arrival by Christmas!
50/dec. 2013 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
Oil Slick 4-Ball Kit $20
Available at A Greener Today and www.oilslickpad.com For anyone who has ever suffered through scraping oil out of a plastic container, the oil slick line of products are perfect for you. Their high quality silicone is platinum cured and medical quality, meaning you can feel safe with your medicine in the containers. Having four is great to carry a variety of medicines, and makes for easy sampling!
The Herb Iron $74.99
Available at A Greener Today and at www.herbiron.com The Herb Iron is an innovative tool that allows smoking of dry flower without the use of a flame. The design is an easy handheld unit that has a clear button for operation, and a small area that gets hot that makes it both safe and efficient. Simply press the button, let the tip of the Iron get hot and apply it to a bowl full of flower. The results are just as effective as using a flame, but without the side effects of the butane and the sour taste of a lighter.
Kit includes: 1 Pax Unit with 1 Screen 1 Mouthpiece and 1 Lid 1 AC Wall Charger Dock 1 Cleaning Kit (5 Pipe Cleaners and 5 Cleaning Wipes) 2 packs of Mouthpiece Lubricant 1 Pax Instruction Manual
Pax Vaporizer, $250
Available at A Greener Today in Seattle www.ploom.comt/pax Small enough to fit in your pocket, Pax heats your herbs without burning them, releasing a delicious, satisfying vapor. It’s the world’s most pocketable, premium loose-leaf vaporizer. The unit comes in a variety of different colors, and has a solid finish that resists scratches and abuse well. The packaging makes this feel like something you might find at an Apple store. We’re okay with that. One of the cooler features of the Pax is the charging dock, which lets the unit stand on a dresser or other open area without obviously being Continues a vaporizer. In terms of discretion, and class, the p. 52 Pax is a great choice.
dec. 2013 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
reviews by Wes Abney | Photos by Daniel Berman
In the world of portable dabs, Dabstix globe pens are one of the very best.
The combination of designing a heating element that sits inside a dome is what really allows this pen to deliver the sensation of a regular nail and dab. We have found that these pens are effective, economical in price, and are surprisingly sturdy. They come in a variety of colors, and the neck lanyard makes carrying the piece around easy as a breeze.
Globe and Skillet Combo Kit $54.99 www.dabstix.com
Kit Includes: Glass Globe Attachment w/ Extra Nail, Dab Skillet Attachment w/ Replacement Skillet, Battery, USB charger, Dab Tool, Case, Neck Lanyard.
The F Bomb Tool By Happy Daddy $15 www.happydaddyproducts.com
Happy Daddy has dropped another awesome tool into the hands of concentrate lovers every-
where. The F-Bomb stands for fork-bomb, which is an accurate description of this tool. On one end is a fork tool, perfect for picking up that slippery piece of shatter or wax that is hiding in the bottom of a container. The other end is a traditional bomb oval shape, making for pleasurable dabbing no matter what consistency your concentrate is. Happy Daddy makes a full line of dabbing tools in stainless steel or titanium options, and we recommend picking up a full set. Happy dabbing!
52 dec. 2013 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
Finally a Herb pen that works!
Most herb attachments simply donâ€™t work very well because the heating element is at the bottom and cannot heat the entire chamber causing poor performance and wasted product. Dabstix designed the chamber and a new battery to ensure that big, strong hits come out of this pen within only 30 seconds!
Flower Vaporizer Kit $54.99 www.dabstix.com
Kit includes: (1) Herb Chamber (1) Special tool/cleaning kit (1) DaBstiX carrying case (1) 650mAh Battery w/ USB charger
COMPILED BY NORTHWEST LEAF
THese Baked goods will surely get you baked good
Walnut Cranberry Coffee Cake 1 cup medicated butter, softened 1 cup sugar 2 eggs 1 cup (8 oz) sour cream 1 TSP vanilla extract 2 cups all-purpose flour 1-1/2 TSP baking powder 1/2 TSP baking soda 1/2 TSP salt 1 cup chopped walnuts 1/2 cup whole-berry cranberry sauce 1 TSP grated orange peel 1 TSP ground cinnamon 1 TBSP confectioners’ sugar 1. Cream butter and sugar in a large bowl, until light and fluffy. Add eggs, one at a time, beating well after each addition. Stir in sour cream and vanilla. Combine the flour, baking powder, baking soda and salt. Gradually add to the creamed mixture. 2. Pour half of the batter into a greased and floured 10-in. fluted tube pan. In a small bowl, combine the walnuts, cranberry sauce, orange peel and cinnamon; spoon over batter. Top with remaining batter. Bake at 350° for 40-45 minutes or until a toothpick inserted near the center comes out clean. 3. Cool 15 min. before removing from pan to a wire rack to cool completely. Sprinkle with confectioners’ sugar.
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Apple Butter Doughnuts 2 TBSP medicated butter, softened 1 cup medicated sugar 2 eggs 2 TSP vanilla extract 4-1/2 cups all-purpose flour 2 TSP baking powder 1 TSP baking soda 1 TSP salt 1/2 TSP ground cinnamon 1/2 TSP ground nutmeg 1/2 cup evaporated milk 1 TBSP lemon juice 1 cup apple butter Oil for deep-fat frying 1/4 cup medicated butter, cubed 2-1/2 cups confectioners’ sugar 1/4 cup evaporated milk 1/2 TSP vanilla extract
1. Beat butter & sugar in large bowl, for about 2 min. til crumbly. Add eggs, beating w/ each addition. Beat in vanilla. 2. Combine flour, baking powder, baking soda, salt, cinnamon and nutmeg. Combine evaporated milk and lemon juice; let stand 1 minute. 3. Stir in apple butter. Add flour mixture to creamed mixture alternately with apple butter mixture, beating well after each addition. Cover and refrigerate for at least 2 hours.
Overnight Raisin French Toast 1 loaf cinnamon-raisin bread, cubed 1 package (8 oz) PHILADELPHIA® Cream Cheese 8 eggs, lightly beaten 1-1/2 cups half-and-half cream 1/2 cup medicated sugar 1/2 cup maple syrup 2 TBSP vanilla extract 1 TBSP ground cinnamon 1/8 TSP ground nutmeg 1. Place half of the bread cubes in a greased 13-in. x 9-in. baking dish. Top with cream cheese and remaining bread.
4. Turn onto a lightly floured surface; knead 5-6 times. Roll to 1/4-in. thickness. Cut with floured 2-1/2-in. doughnut cutter.
2. Whisk the remaining ingredients in large bowl. Pour over top. Cover and refrigerate overnight.
5. Heat oil to 375° in an electric skillet or deep fryer. Fry doughnuts, a few at a time, until golden brown on both sides. Drain on paper towels.
Remove from the refrigerator 30 min. before baking. Cover and bake at 350° for 30 min. Uncover; bake 15-20 min. longer or until a knife inserted near the center comes out clean.
6. Cook butter over medium heat in a small heavy saucepan until golden brown, about 5 minutes. 7. Pour into a small bowl; beat in confectioners’ sugar, milk and vanilla. Frost doughnuts. Yield: 2-1/2 dozen.
Photos by FLICKR: ARWEN ABENDSTERN / THEHUNGRYDUDES / RALPH AND JENNY
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three Classic desserts with modern medication
Steamed Cranberry Pudding
Cranberry Pistachio Biscotti 1/4 cup medicated olive oil 3/4 cup white sugar 2 TSP vanilla extract 1/2 TSP almond extract 2 eggs 1 3/4 cups all-purpose flour 1/4 TSP salt 1 TSP baking powder 1/2 cup dried cranberries 1 1/2 cups pistachio nuts
2 cups all-purpose flour
1. Preheat oven to 300 degrees F
2 TBSP medicated butter
2. Mix the oil and sugar in a large bowl until well blended. Mix in the vanilla and almond extracts, then beat in the eggs. Combine flour, salt and baking powder; gradually stir into egg mixture. Mix in cranberries, nuts by hand. 3. Divide dough in half. Form two logs (12x2in) on a cookie sheet that has been lined with parchment paper. Dough may be sticky; wet hands with cool water to handle dough more easily. 4. Bake 35 min. in the preheated oven, or until logs are light brown. Remove from oven, set aside to cool for 10 min. Reduce oven to 275 degrees. 5. Cut logs diagonal into 3/4 inch thick slices. Lay on sides on parchment covered cookie sheet. Bake approx. 8 to 10 minutes, or until dry; cool.
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1. Mix 2 cups flour, baking soda, 1 cup white sugar, cinnamon, and nutmeg in a large bowl. Stir in milk, egg, and butter until well blended. Toss cranberries in the remaining 1/4 cup of flour to coat, then fold them into the batter.
1 TSP baking soda 1 cup white sugar 1 TSP ground cinnamon 1 TSP ground nutmeg 1 cup milk 1 egg 2 cups cranberries 1/4 cup all-purpose flour 1/2 cup white sugar 1/2 cup packed brown sugar 1/2 cup medicated butter 1/2 cup heavy cream 1 TSP vanilla extract
2. Pour batter into greased round casserole dish with a lid, place the lid on, and then cover again with aluminum foil. Place dish into large roaster or stock pot, and fill with 3 to 4 inches of water. Place the lid on the outer pot, and cover with aluminum foil. Turn the heat to medium-high, and steam for 2 hours. Add more water if necessary after the first hour. 3. Mix together 1/2 cup white sugar, brown sugar, butter, and heavy cream in a saucepan over medium heat for the sauce. Cook and stir occasionally until the mixture comes to full boil. Boil for 1 minute, then remove from heat and stir in vanilla. Refrigerate until chilled, then beat with electric mixer until smooth. 4. Serve slices of the pudding with brown sugar sauce & a dollop of whipped cream.
Got a recipe we should feature?
Email it to email@example.com and it just might appear here in our next issue! Photos by FLICKR: LORI L. STALTERI / THEBITTENWORD.COM / AUSSIEGALL
Old Fashioned Gingerbread 1/2 cup white sugar 1/2 cup medicated butter 1 egg 1 cup molasses 2 1/2 cups all-purpose flour 1 1/2 TSP baking soda 1 TSP ground cinnamon 1 TSP ground ginger 1/2 TSP ground cloves 1/2 TSP salt 1 cup hot water 1. Preheat oven to 350 degrees F. Grease and flour a 9-inch square pan. 2. Cream together the sugar and butter in a large bowl. Beat in the egg, and mix in the molasses. 3. Sift together the flour, baking soda, salt, cinnamon, ginger, and cloves in a large bowl. Blend into the creamed mixture. Stir in the hot water. Pour into the prepared pan. 4. Bake 1 hour in the preheated oven, until a knife inserted in the center comes out clean. Allow to cool in pan before serving.
SATIVA VALLEY ESSENTIALSâ€™
CANNA MAXIMA 100% Natural 100% Organic Strong Medicine.
This deep tissue pain stick is made for a discrete, area- specific application. Made from all-natural ingredients, blended with medicinal cannabis and several botanical extracts including German Blue Chamomile, Tea Tree oil and Camphor. Simply rub into affected area for long lasting joint and muscle pain relief.
Muscle Pain Relief
Area Specific Topical Application On-the-go application, discreet & easy to use
Back and Joint Pain Relief
Ask your local dispensary if they carry Sativa Valley Essentials. Explore our entire line of natural cannabis remedies at your local dispensary.
By wes abney Photos by Daniel Berman
SERVING SIZE: ONE RING
Gummiez Sugar-Free Peach Rings, $25 8.81mg THC-TOTAL • 0.20mg cbd-total 0.19mg CBG-TOTAL • 1.11mg cbn • 0.40mg cbc 9.53MG ACTIVATED-TOTAL
One of the best developing areas of the medibles
world are the easy to eat small sugar treats like gummies. They offer a lower calorie option to patients, and the ease of ingestion can’t be beat. Not everyone wants to smoke their medicine, and we appreciate this alternative. Unfortunately, with this particular option, the medicine doesn’t match with the levels being advertised on the packaging. At a $25 price point, there is little wiggle room for patients on a budget trying to find a consistent dosage of Cannabis. Our results found 9.53% activated total cannabinoid and 8.81mg THC-total against the 25mg claimed on the packaging. The product is a tough sell at the price point, and currently not a good value. Overall, this product is a great idea that is missing a little R&D on getting the medicine to bind to the gummy. Sugar-free options are becoming more and more important as dietary restrictions for patients become tougher, and we hope that the future brings a little more THC to the mix.
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Cheeba Chews CBD Chocolate Taffy, $18 54.34mg thc-TOTAL • 2.04mg cbg-TOTAL 16.66mg CBD-TOTAL • 77.06mg ACTIVATED-TOTAL
This is a perfect example of a company develop-
ing a product that is both in-demand and quality. The demand for CBD products has exploded over the last two years, though production hasn’t always kept up with the market changes. The CBD chews blend a finely tuned dose of CBD and THC that allows both medicinal compounds to work together to provide consistent relief. A few of the many different applications for this blend include cancer treatment, pain management and as a potential opiate addiction treatment. While some might balk at the $18 price point, it is worth the cost for the potency of the medication. As long as the medication levels stay solid in this product we definitely recommend it. THE SCORE
Va l ue: Ta st e : Ef f ec t: Packaging: Ov er a l l :
1 piece = 9.40g
1.69mg 0.44mg 0.61mg 2.74mg
alpha-pinene terpinolene caryophyllene terpene-total
Va l ue : Ta s t e : E f f e ct: Packaging: Ov e r a l l :
4.76mg limonene 2.31mg alpha-pinene 0.33mg humulene 0.47mg caryophyllene 7.87mg terpene-total
TESTING BY ANALYTICAL 360
Specializing in cancer care & pain relief
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FIRST TIME PATIENTS RECEIVE A FREE PRE-ROLL WITH DONATION 4G BHO $125 $10/G $25 1/8’S WHITE DAWG BX 30% THC BELUGA CAVIAR 44.87% THC GODFATHER OG 22.2% THC MACARONS 67.10% THC TEEN SPIRIT 20.82% THC CARAMEL CORN 273.56% THC CANNATONIC 11% CBD CAKE POPS 28.8% THC BROWNIE COOKIES 156.49% THC INHOUSE BHO & CO2 @raincitymedical @raincitymagnolia
THE ART OF SCIENCE.
BY WES ABNEY | PHOTO BY DANIEL BERMAN
This is a great medicine for achey joints and easing the transition to winter. Terpenes: 7.59% Linalool 1.56% Caryophyllene oxide 0.99% Myrcene 4.37% Humulene 2.67% Caryophyllene 17.18% TERPENE-TOTAL Residual Solvency: 125 PPM
Dead Presidents BHO 57.60% THC-Total â€˘ 0.47% CBD-Total â€˘ 1.04% CBG-TOTAL
his beautiful golden wax offers a unique taste and terpene profile that makes it a real pleasure to medicate with. The light flaky texture makes it easy to work with, and the BHO vaporizers easily with out any sizzling or excessive flaring. The vapor is sweet and easy on the lungs, and has a powerful musky lemon-lime taste. Based off the terpene profile of this concentrate, it will be beneficial in many areas. The high levels of Humulene will have anti-inflammatory properties
Produced/Processed by MEDI-BROS and work as a sedative, along with the Linalool for anxiety and sedation. This is a great medicine for achey joints this winter, and to help ease the transition into the darker winter hours. We found it effective for pain, anxiety, and as a general mood enhancer. Find the Dead Presidents BHO through the Medi Brothers delivery service in Vancouver, WA or at the World Famous Cannabis Farmers Market on Sundays at The Luxe in Seattle.
available from World Famous Cannabis Farmers Market Seattle Cannabisfarmersmarkets.com 206-734-5302
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ANALYTICAL 360 Cannabis Analysis Laboratory
Canapa has moved 2324 Jefferson Ave, Tacoma, WA 98402 ( just outside UW Tacoma)
Top Shelf Multiple tested 20% THC strains such as Full Plate OG, Amherst Sour Diesel, Venus OG, and Cosmic Black.
Concentrates We have teamed up
Featuring multiple tested 80% THC concentrates made from the flowers of our top shelf garden.
With the Cleric Supply Co to offer complete in-house cultivation assistance, with a fully stocked hydroponic and organic garden center
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(206) 499-5291 Top Shelf $10/gram cap $250/oz cap
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STORY AND PHOTOS BY BOB MONTOYA FOR NORTHWEST LEAF
Micro Strains Up Close Each month we’ll highlight growers crafting strains with the goal of helping specific needs, not necessarily obtaining the highest yields
‘S DECEMBER ALREADY. The past month has been gray and dreary. The strains this month are grown carefully and simply in small batches with just sun, earth and water, making them a true representation of the flower’s potential. This month I traveled south to Vancouver to visit with an icon of the medical Cannabis community, Tom Lauerman, aka Farmer Tom. Both strains are Sativadominant and excel at curing the “blues” and anxiety that the dreary months throw at us. Both will pick you up and lessen physical suffering. They are painstakingly grown and harvested to ensure safe high quality medical grades. AMNESIA HAZE has its roots in Super Silver Haze and Cambodian Indica. It has been tested as high as 22 percent THC with an average of 17. CBD comes in around 0.17%. It is an 80-20 Sativa. It is of use primarily for depression, anxiety and stress, but it can also help with nausea and migraines. It has a citrus-fresh aroma with a skunky finish when smoked.
Amnesia haze 22% THC Sativa
POWER KUSH is a cross between pure Afghani Indica and Skunk #1. The benefits are similar to Amnesia Haze, which is why I have paired them this month. Chase the blues away and enjoy a settled digestive tract thanks to this sweet smelling, smooth-smoking strain. It is an 80-20 Sativa as well, with 15 percent THC and 0.21% CBD, respectively. Hit this one lightly, and be sure to stay hydrated. Our goal is simply to be well. Cherish the moments. sules for the patient’s convenience.
available from MMJ Universe 26130 SE Green Valley Rd. Black Diamond, WA 98010 www.mmjuniverse.com (253) 315-2673 firstname.lastname@example.org Sonshine Organics Washington Farmers Market 3211 Yelm Highway S.E. Olympia, WA 98501 (360) 742-3669
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POWER KUSH 0.21% CBD 15% THC
The white crystal-like trichomes are about half the width of a human hair â€” Seen in a 500x close-up
dec. 2013 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
health & science
Terpenes help the body identify and process THC as well as other cannabinoids. They also make the medicinal “high” of the plant more powerful.
Technician Brenton Dawber inspects marijuana while processing a sample for potency,cannabinoids and terpenoids at Analytical 360, a Cannabis testing lab in Seattle’s Wallingford neighborhood, in February.
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TERPENE By Wes Abney | Photos by Daniel Berman
AS THE SCIENCE of medical Cannabis advances, the benefits and development of terpenoids are drawing more attention. While much is known about the medicinal benefits of terpenes in essential oils such as lavender, much less is known about those same compounds in a bud of Lavender Cannabis. The overlooked truth is that the same terpenes in a lemon fruit are chemically identical to those in a flower from the Lemon Skunk plant, and both offer healthful benefits. Terpenes help modulate the biological effects of Cannabis and influences the effect the whole plant has on the body. Terpenes help the body process and identify THC and other cannabinoids, and make the medicinal “high” of the plant more powerful. In fact, Cannabis has the most terpenes
of any plant on the planet. Terpenes produced by the plant can have beneficial effects on their own, which we explore at right, in the information box, that shows the benefits of all the common terpenes in Cannabis. These medicinal effects are often sought by patients looking for medical Cannabis, and can help them select strains that are high in specific terpenes to alleviate their condition. As medical Cannabis practices develop, we predict that pursuing a THC content will no longer be the holy grail of medicine. Instead, it will be about the full plant profile of terpenoids and cannabinoids that will define a strain’s benefits and pleasures. Testing allows both growers and patients to understand their medicine in a truly scientific way.
8 terpenoids to know
(and ones scientists have researched most)
is found in marijuana, hops, lemon grass and several other plants. Myrcene has sedative, analgesic, anti-inflammatory and muscle-relaxant effects that show up in many powerful pain relieving strains.
Terpenoid Primer Get into the mind of a plant
The terpenoid composition of a flower is genetically and environmentally determined, and it is the complex mixture of terpenoids that impart the specific odors to each Cannabis strain. About 140 terpenoids Terpenoids that repel insects, have been found such as limonene and pinene, in Cannabis, are found in relatively high and one plant concentrations in CANNABIS. generally contains up to 40 of these terpenoids. Terpenoids are synthesized in the trichomes of Cannabis. They are volatile (easily evaporating) molecules that are broken down by light, heat and air. Prolonged storage results in a loss of these constituents. Environmental factors affect the terpenoid yield, so actual terpenoid concentrations will vary from batch to batch. While growing, terpenoid concentrations increase with sunlight exposure and decrease with soil fertility. Because terpenoids serve varied purposes in plants, the concentrations of terpenoids vary within the plant itself. Terpenoids that repel insects, such as limonene and pinene, are in relatively higher concentrations in the flowers, while bitter-tasting sesquiterpenes, such as humulene and beta-caryophyllene, are present in higher concentrations in the lower fan leaves to deter grazing animals. The terpenoids most commonly found in Cannabis are myrcene, limonene, terpinolene, alpha- and beta- pinene, cis-ocimene and linalool. Generally, myrcene is the dominant terpenoid.1 Concentrations of terpenoids above 0.05 percent are considered to be medicinal.
Smells like: a heavy, earthy, musty quality with a hint of citrus.
is known to be anti-inflammatory and bronchodilatory, and has antibiotic qualities.
Smells like: pine needles.
Limonene is highly absorbed by inhalation (up to
70 percent), has shown anxiolytic and anti-depressant actions. It has been used for gastro-esophageal reflux disease and gallstones, might induce cell death in breast cancer cells, might be effective against dermatophytes, is antibiotic, and is highly antioxidant. Smells like: a familiar, citrusy scent.
an anxiety reducer, sedative, analgesic and anticonvulsant. It is used topically as a local anesthetic and in treating burns and minimizing scarring.
Smells like: floral scents associated with lavender.
Terpinolene shares much in common with plants
related to mint (e.g., the Lamiaceae family), and contributes sedative effects. Smells like: sharp scent of Pine-Sol.
Humulene is good for anxiety and resting, and is also an anti-inflammatory. Smells like: spicy, fresh green.
Beta-Caryophyllene gets the immune
system working and helps as an anti-inflammatory and gastro-protective, keeping the stomach feeling good.
Smells like: musty, natural earthiness
â€˘ Caryophyllene oxide is a useful antifungal, and is one of the compounds detected by drug-sniffing K-9 units. Its function in the plant is to repel insects & fungus.
Smells like: A deep heavy mustiness.
Humulene, beta-caryophyllene & caryophyllene oxide are also present in hops, a close relative of Cannabis.
TEXT P. 75 COURTESY VIRGINIA WEBBER
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health & science
ILLUSTRATIONS BY DANIEL BERMAN
The devices we depend on and which surround our everyday existence actually emit detectable effects on our body, causing it preventable stress.
electrosmog We are the body electric.
When exposed to “electrosmog,” the system experiences stress. At night, our bodies recuperate from the stress of the day by repairing, rejuvenating and detoxifying. If this process is disrupted because our cells are under stress, healthy cells can be damaged and unhealthy cells can proliferate. Electrosmog is the invisible, humanmade electromagnetic radiation emitted by the wireless technologies and alternating current that comes into our homes, businesses and schools.
WHAT’S IN YOUR HOME CAN HARM YOU Wireless devices such as cordless phones, cordless baby alarms, cellular phones/towers/antennas and wireless networks induce an electromagnetic field (EMF), as does any current running through a wire in the wall or to a plug-in device. Recently added to the list for concern are “smart” power meters, which emit a pulsed blast of electromagnetic radiation communicating information to the power company several times a day. Up to 35 percent of the population is affected to some degree by EMFs, with heath effects ranging from chronic illnesses and infections, leaky gut syndrome, cognitive impairment, including concentration and memory problems, dizziness, ringing of the ears, heart palpitations, headaches, sleep disruptions, nausea and anxiety, and behavioral problems in children. Symptoms differ from one person to the next, and some cases are extreme. With the increasing use of technology, we are not only changing our culture, we are also without question altering our physiology.
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BY NORTHWEST LEAF SPECIAL CONTRIBUTOR SCOTT D. ROSE
According to the World Health Organization, electromagnetic hypersensitivity syndrome is “... a phenomenon where individuals experience adverse health effects while using or being in the vicinity of devices emanating electric, magnetic or EMFs ... Whatever its cause, EHS is a real and sometimes debilitating problem for the affected persons ... Their exposures are generally several orders of magnitude under the limits in internationally accepted standards.” Cellphones, appliances, Wi-Fi and other similar devices emit non-ionizing radiation versus ionizing radiation, such as X-rays. Ionizing radiation damages chromosomes and alters DNA, but non-ionizing radiation has been thought to not be damaging. It’s also been argued that low-level transmitters such as cellphones and smart meters are safer because they give off radiation in pulsed bursts in fractions of a second versus constant exposure. Electrosmog can be divided into low-frequency and high-frequency exposures. Low frequency comes from the power grid -- high voltage current, transformers and wires running in the walls and their end plug-in devices. High-frequency exposure includes radio waves, microwaves, radar, Wi-Fi and cellphones. Chronic illnesses and infections, Toward the argument that lasting cellular damage and physiological leaky gut syndrome, cognitive change does occur, an article impairment, including published in the April 2011 edition concentration and memory of the “International Journal of problems, dizziness, ringing Radiation Biology,” titled “DNA is a Fractal Antenna in Electromagnetic of the ears, heart palpitations, Fields,” showed a higher reactivity of headaches, sleep disruptions, DNA in induced EMFs. nausea and anxiety, behavioral Cellular communication use problems in children. Symptoms is increasing rapidly. More than 2 million cellular towers and differ from one person to the next, antennas are in the U.S. alone (go and some cases are extreme. to Antennasearch.com to find ones near you). Many children, especially teens, have cellphones and hold
them near their ears for long periods. Children should never have a cellphone near their head. A child’s head absorption can be two times more than an adult’s absorption level, and absorption of the skull’s marrow can be 10 times higher. In fact, no one should hold a cellphone to their head. Hold the phone at least 5/8 of an inch from your head. Looking at the effects of cellphone signal exposure on the brain, researchers found an increase in brain glucose metabolism closest to the cellphone antenna. Another group has shown an increase in the blood-brain permeability -- sometimes called “leaky brain” -- immediately after exposure and again at 14 days from the initial exposure. The Ecolog Report was commissioned by T-Mobile of Germany in 2000. The review of more than 220 peer-reviewed and published papers found strong indications for the cancer-initiating and cancer-promoting effects of high-frequency EMFs used by cellphone technologies. One study of children exposed to pulsed, high-frequency waves found a decreased ability to concentrate and an increase in reaction times (they got slower). The report found that “… it can be concluded that EMFs with frequencies in the mobile telecommunications range do play a role in the development of cancer.”
ederal support started with the Energy Policy Act of 2005, and $11 billion was set aside for the creation of the smart grid in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009. Smart meters are being installed en masse in California and some other states. The smart grid technology is purported to save energy, increase power reliability and give people increased control of their energy use. As with other high-frequency EMF generators, smart meters pose health concerns, but they also create privacy worries. The U.S. Department of Energy states that “A smart grid is a modernized electrical grid that uses information and communications technology to gather and act on information, such as information about the behaviors of suppliers and consumers, in an automated fashion to improve the efficiency, reliability, economics, and sustainability of the production and distribution of electricity.” The capability will exist to not only count your kilowatt use, but when, where and how you use energy. Even direct current devices (battery operated) frequencies can be detected. Appliances are being manufactured and sold now with Wi-Fi capability so the amount of energy use per appliance can be dissected and optimized. The software contained within smart meters is proprietary and stores information that potentially has many uses. With such a grid, neighboring smart meters can communicate to strengthen signals for
In fact, no one should hold a cellphone to their head. Hold the phone at least 5/8 of an inch from your head. communication back to the power company, and some people worry about that information being hacked or shared. What movie did you watch last night or how late were your lights on? The health effects of these devices are just becoming known. More people are complaining to government officials and their local utilities of deleterious health problems after the installation of smart meters. Utilities claim the pulse radiation busts are minuscule and well within Federal Communications Commission standards and guidelines. But ranges for the number of transmissions have been estimated from one every 40 seconds to almost 200,000 in a 24-hour period. The problem, however, seems to be the frequency at which these pulse blasts occur. Daniel Hirsch, an expert in nuclear policy at the University of California-Santa Cruz, criticizes the industry-influenced California Council on Science and Technology, which is a partner with the Department of Energy -- the funder and promoter of the smart meter program. Hirsch states the exposure to a smart meter 3 feet out is two orders of magnitude higher than a cellphone -- not the reported 2 times less. We are on a technology pathway that is putting people at risk. Households that choose to hook up appliances will be adding layers of Wi-Fi type emitters in each appliance throughout the home, plus the computer Wi-Fi, plus the smart meter, plus all the stuff from surrounding neighbors. Health precautions aren’t explained when meters are installed, and many people don’t even know their meter has been changed because it’s property of the power company. We are poised to increase our exposure and
potential health risks with the rollout of the national smart power grid. Discussions were started internationally in the mid-1990s, then the “Bioinitiative Report” was published in 2007 reviewing more than 2,000 studies on the biological effects of EMFs. A scientific panel met in Norway in November 2009 for three days to address existing scientific evidence on the risk of EMF exposures from telecommunications and power companies. A consensus was reached in February 2011 during a Norwegian panel: The global population is at risk, sensitive populations are vulnerable, government action is warranted, companies should have the burden to prove safety, EMF exposures should be reduced until we know more, current levels and guidelines are inadequate, an international disease registry is needed to track patients and symptoms, and pre-market health testing is needed for all radiation-emitting devices. What you can’t see can harm you. We must be concerned about security systems, compact fluorescent lighting, Wi-Fi and Bluetooth devices, electric cars, cameras at the intersections, police stations and firehouses. Do your best to minimize your exposure. Keep your sleep space as electrosmogfree as possible. Move the Wi-Fi/router as far away from the bedroom or other oftenused rooms. Or, better yet, remove from your bedroom cordless phones, computer equipment, electric blankets, space heaters, televisions and cellphones. Devices exist that can shield EMFs, including those produced by smart meters. Pay attention and get involved. EMFs affect you more than you realize.
What can cause EMFS?
Wireless devices such as cordless phones, cordless baby alarms, cellular phones/towers/antennas and wireless networks induce an electromagnetic field (EMF), as does any current running through a wire in the wall or to a plug-in device.
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A 2:1 RATIO FOR SUCCESS hOW THE LUCAS FORMULA CAN HELP YOU GROW YOUR BEST
eeding plants is one of the areas that has possibly the largest number of variables and one of the most challenging areas of expertise to master in gardening. Not only are there many theories on what to give and when, but these opinions can change dramatically from strain to strain, method to method, room to room and person to person. Add yet another layer called “a mind numbingly large number of different companies manufacturing agricultural nutrients, supplements, enhancers and the like” and it’s enough to make anyone’s head spin.
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BY NORTHWEST LEAF SPECIAL CONTRIBUTOR DR. SCANDERSON
In this week’s Grow Tech we will be reviewing a simple, cost effective and popular synthetic feeding method known as the Lucas Formula. When it comes to feeding schedules, I recommend starting with something, simple and effective. Learn it exactly as prescribed. After you feel you have a handle on what the default method looks like and how your system reacts, you can start making adjustments to suit your garden’s specific characteristics as well as your personal preference. I know with the strains I run, I usually keep nitrogen higher through a later stage in bloom than most manufacturer’s default feeding schedule prescribes. I only was able to gain confidence in this method after doing several threshold experiments which made it easier to determine the best amount of nitrogen for that strain, in that garden. Lucas Formula uses only two of the three formulas in any high quality synthetic three part (grow, micro, bloom) formulas i.e. General Hydroponics, Cutting Edge Solutions, Humboldt
QUICK TIPS FOR THE LUCAS FORMULA For young plants just transplanted into the hydro setup,
give them 50% strength nutrient mix to prevent overfeeding while they’re young. Gradually bring the mix to full strength as they grow the next few weeks or so. Nutrients, Advanced Nutrients Jungle Juice etc. Lucas uses ONLY the micro and the bloom formulas in the specific ratios described on the right page and DOES NOT use the grow formula (the green bottle) at all. The other nice part about the Lucas formula is that it uses consistent and simple 2:1 ratios that are easy to mix and remember, even for the avid gardener ;-). Lucas provides two formulas depending on if you are using florescent growing lamps or HID growing lamps. Any time you are using florescent growing lamps (T5, T8 etc.) regardless of the stages of growth you simply use 5 milliliters of the Micro formula (brown bottle) and 10 milliliters of the Bloom formula (red bottle) for every one gallon of water you are using in your system and reservoir. For example if you have an ebb and flow table with a 20 gallon reservoir used to fill and drain the tray, you would use 100 ml of Micro formula (5 ml/gal x 20 gallons = 100 ml) and 200 ml of Bloom formula (10 ml/ gallon x 20 gallons = 200ml).
op off the reservoir daily using a pH corrected water (water you have pH adjusted to your preferred range, usually between 5.6-5.8 in hydro) as required to maintain a full reservoir level. After adding back an amount of water equal to the amount of your reservoir capacity you should change the reservoir and put in fresh solution. For example in the same system when you have added in 20 gallons of water total in topping off your reservoir daily, it’s time to change the reservoir. I recommend having a separate “top off” reservoir that you have the appropriate amount of pH adjusted water pre-measured (in our example’s case, 20 gallons). When that reservoir is empty you know it’s time to change your system’s reservoir. Anytime you are using HID (metal halide, high pressure sodium etc.) growing lamps you simply change the numbers from 5 ml/gal and 10 ml/gal to 8 milliliters of the Micro formula (the brown bottle) and 16 milliliters of the Bloom formula (the red bottle) for every one gallon of water in your reservoir. Using our flood and drain system example with a 20 gallon reservoir, your would use a total of 160 ml of micro (8 ml./gal x 20 gal = 160 ml) and 320 ml of bloom formula (16 ml./gal x 20 gal = 320 ml). These days, many gardeners are employing the benefits of fluorescent lighting for the vegetative stage of growth, then switching to HID lighting for the bloom stage. Lucas recommends switching the ratios from 5 and 10 ml/gal to 8 and 16 ml/gal at the transition of the lighting your plants are getting.
Between vegetative and flowering cycles you should dump your nutrients, then flush to remove salt buildups.
Don’t forget to shake your GH nutrient bottles before using them. The Lucas formula is normally intended for use with reverse osmosis or near 0 PPM water.
If using the hard water micro formula, do not pH down this stuff, the hard water micro will drop pH gradually over the first 24 hours after introducing a fresh mix into your system.
the 2:1 RATIO REFERENCE GUIDE
G-M-B — (Grow-Micro-Bloom ratio) 0-5-10 — when using fluorescent lighting 0-8-16 — when using HID lighting The numbers above indicate the number of milliliters (ml) of Flora Grow, Micro or Bloom formulas I use in one gallon (US Liquid) of nutrients.
Lucas Formula uses only the micro and the bloom formulas in the specific ratios described on the right page and does not use the grow formula bottle at all. For Example
You simply use 5 ML of the micro formula and 10 ML of the bloom formula for each gallon of water used in your reservoir. A 20 gallon tray needs 100 ML of micro.
If you have questions or want to suggest a column, please email me at
email@example.com. As always: HAPPY GARDENING!! dec. 2013 FACEBOOK.COM/NWLEAF
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BEHIND THE STRAIN
BY DR. SCANDERSON FOR NORTHWEST LEAF
Never hesitate to email me at firstname.lastname@example.org. See a wide range of useful growing videos and tips at Youtube.com/DrScandersonGt
Lineage Name says it all on this one. Dank House goes out on a limb with an F1 hybrid and ends up with a super champion. This strain sounds like the entire elite OG arsenal combined, and it is. Gene collectors lucky enough to secure these STFO beans can expect a nice variety of POTENT OG pheno’s. From tall fox tailing super sour and pine nut smelling to medium height, more classic golf ball shaped flowers, wreaking of kerosene and pine sol that both yield handsomely for Elite OG’s. The Devastation pheno is more of a White fire leaning pheno that prioritize trichome production and stretch over yield, tipping the scales for THC, testing consistently over 21%, each one is simply a matter of the gardener’s preference. HOW IT GROWS
Like most elite OG kush, these are not easy to grow
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Smoke report/bag appeal
DENSELY STACKED GOLF BALLS of pale green calyxes, complete with plenty of bright orange
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the blooms through out. With a proper 45+ day cure, a delightfully light yet potent scent of fresh lemon chiffon cream pie and pine needles invades the senses. The Devastation pheno hits high on the marks for lemon on citrus lemon cream OG’s almost completely devoid of the ghastly kushy, fuelly flavors that
some OG’s are so well known for. Gigantic lung expansion and an immediate head change solidifies the wake of grateful patients that OG kush garners.
The Genetics //
52-55 days flower
Whitefire #2 (Raskals Fire OG X The White) x Raskals OG Kush (Fire OG x SFV OG)
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— demanding high levels of calcium and magnesium in veg and early flower but nutrient sensitive to higher salt environments. These girls are sensitive to heat but also grow best with lots of light. Early training and pruning is a must if getting any sort of substantial yield is a priority. 45-50 days of veg build a nice wide base that will hold the weight and account for the vicious stretch they are capable of. Run veg for 60 days + and you can expect pak-a-plant-plus results. Vegging for this long requires advanced experience in height mitigation as these ladies will more than double in size during the first 2 weeks of flower. When dialed in, she responds so very quickly to super cropping they can be some of the most exciting plants to work with. These OG’s like the nitrogen well into flower and show very little natural resistance to mold so clean environments, best practices and plenty of air movement is a must if you’re gardening in the PNW.
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