Page 1

RAXINUS AMER. AUT. P.' 1)

Sen. aur. (28-42)

Carex amphibola (36-48)

Car. m. FRAXINUS EXCELSIOR Pycnanthemum flexuosum 'I. D.' (EXISTING) (100-120) (135-189)

Dryopteris marginalis (12-18)

TILIA CORDATA (EXISTING)

Sen. aur. (52-78)

Agastache foeniculum (150-200) Aster oblongifolius 'R.F.'

Astil. (50-80) chin. p. (120-240)

TILIA CORDATA (EXISTING)

TILIA CORDATA Berg. (EXISTING) 'Beeth.' (115-161)

'H. Ab.' 36)

LAGERSTR. 'NATCHEZ' (4)

Berg. 'WM' (85-119)

The La ndscape Plug™ Ma nua l

o. 'J.' 8-27)

.'

Astil. 'Dtl.' (145-261)

Heuchera longiflora

'

'

TILIA CORDATA (EXISTING)

Sen. aur. (76-114)

TILIA CORDATA (EXISTING)

CERCIS SILIQUASTRUM (2)

Aco. 'J.' (34-51)

Sporobolus wrightii (12-18) Liat. sp. 'Fl. V.' (54-108)

Penstemon digitalis (51-68)

Astil. 'Dtl.' (70-126)

AXINUS EXCELSIOR g XISTING) Astil. 'Dt.' (65-117)

Astil. 'B.' (40-70) Persi. 'Firet.' (60-72) 'B.' 0)

Elymus virginicus (16-24)

Heliopsis helianthoides (45-60)

Deschampsia flexuosa (150-200)

(6-8)

Hadspen Store Deschampsia cespitosa

Physostegia virginiana 'V.' (80-100)

(15-25)

Phlo. tub. (42-56)

Desch. cesp. (60-100)

Monarda bradburiana (24-36)

Vernonia glauca (50-70)

Deschampsia cespitosa (18-30)

Monar. 'Sc.' (88-132)

Chasm. latifol. Spodio. sib. (30-50) (57-95)

FARG. JI. 1 Monar. 'Sc.' (4) (68-102) FARG. JI. 1 Desch. cesp. Aco. 'J.' (2) (57-95) (14-21) Misc. sin. 'A.' Misc. sin. 'N.' FARG. 'JUM.' (1) (28-42) (23-69) FARG. Molinia arund. 'Windsp.' 'SIM.' (26-39) (7) Molinia arund.

Persi. 'Firet.' (100-120)

chin. p. (108-216)

Rudb. dea. (64-144)

Astil. 'Dtl.' (120-216) Phlox pilosa

Calama. 'K. F.' (20-30)

Persi. 'Firet.' (50-60)

Misc. sin. 'G.' (17-51)

Astil. chin. Solidago rigidap. (282-564) (100-130)

Desch. cesp. (36-60)

Desch. cesp. (273-455)

msonia hubrichtii 48-84) Rudbeckia triloba (32-48)

Car. m. 'I. D.' (80-112)

Where HorticultureAstil.Meets Ecolog y™

Misc sin. 'A.'

Sen. (6-9) aur. (20-30)

Liatris spicata (54-108)

Hadspen Office (60 sqm)

Persi. 'Firet.' (150-180)

Persi. 'Firet.' (60-72)

Ho. sieb. (10-15)

Persi. 'Firet.' (60-72) Ho. sieb. (100-150)

POPULUS NIGRA (EXISTING)

Pet. jap. (28-42) Rhe. palm. var. tangu. (16-24)

Great Plants Start Here! ™


The Landscape Plug™ Manual: Specifications, species selection, establishment

Where Horticulture Meets Ecology™ Our commitment to social, economic and environmental stewardship drives our efforts to develop partnerships that connect people to more sustainable outdoor environments. As the industry leader in delivering plant solutions that are consistent, reliable and of a superior quality, our knowledge and experience have contributed to the success of thousands of landscape projects nationwide. The information we provide is based upon more than 20 years of real-world experience, extensive plant trials, critical evaluative feedback from customers and global collaboration with entities and individuals engaged in scientific research. At North Creek, we continually aim to improve our products and to expand our offerings of native forbs, grasses, ferns and vines, including the best cultivated varieties. Our appreciation for the current environment of certified and regulatory landscapes informs our commitment to sustainable growing practices and our promotion of rigorous ecological standards.

Trial Gardens

Not all plugs are created equal. North Creek Landscape Plugs™ offer superior advantages: Deeper and wider root system + 100% transplant success and quick establishment + Eliminates need for replacement plantings + Reduces irrigation and maintenance input Innovative plug cell design reduces root circling

Vigorous and healthy plants resulting from vernalization and optimal production methods Sustainable practices in plant production + The Sustainable Sites Initiative™ (SITES™) compliant + The Center for Plant Conservation Codes of Conduct compliant Full-source provider + Plant palette covers any site condition + Larger quantities - no problem! Project-specific custom grow available

www.landscapeplugs.com | 1.877.ECO.PLUG | 1.610.255.0100 phone | 1.610.255.4762 fax | www.northcreeknurseries.com

CENTER PHOTO (ABOVE): COURTESY OF THINKGREEN LLC

Spread over 2 acres, our multi-year plant trialing program features habitat and experimental gardens. Functional landscapes accentuate our products' performance under various site conditions. Guided by North Creek’s New Plant Principles, we evaluate ecological, functional and aesthetic characteristics of every plant we propagate. Collaboration and partnership with academia, botanists, entomologists, researchers, ecologists, and engineering, design, and restoration professionals validate our results.

Proprietary soil blends replicate natural soils + Adapts quickly to on-site soil conditions + Minimizes plant losses


and maintenance protocols. Discover the North Creek Difference.

5" deep Landscape Plug™ for deep rooted species

3" deep Landscape Plug™ for shallow rooted species

North Creek Landscape Plugs ™ vs. Larger Containers + Reduced media volume results in quicker establishment and acclimation to native soils

+ Landscape Plug™ tray design and growing practices result

in greater root mass + Root channels, tapered cells and drainage holes direct roots to one point for air pruning, resulting in dramatically reduced root circling + Smaller footprint of Landscape Plugs™ reduces waste and transportation costs + Landscape Plug™ trays are securely labeled and guaranteed true to name

vernalized plug in spring

V E R N A L I Z AT ION

fully-rooted summer production

The Vernalized Landscape Plug™ + Produced throughout the growing

season and overwintered in cold frames

+ Hardened-off Landscape Plugs™ develop a robust, active crown and vigorous root system

+ Achieves faster establishment rates for early-season installations

+ Recommended for quick site

stabilization and instant gratification

Advance orders are encouraged to reserve vernalized crops, please call for availability.

Plant Solutions for Ecological Landscapes - Where Horticulture Meets Ecology™


C)

The Landscape Plug™ Manual: Specifications, species selection, establishment Navigating the Species Selection Chart Proper species selection determines a project’s success. Knowing your project-specific soils, exposure, hydrology, existing vegetation and other key elements are crucial to choosing species that will quickly form stable plant communities and landscapes. Based on our plant knowledge and observations made within our trial gardens, we have developed this tool to focus on plant (FACU) combinations and companion species. We hope this guide Facultative Upland Upland (UPL)will assist you in selecting the perfect species mix for your project. Key elements of the species selection chart are explained below: EP

ephemeral

Soil Species Moisture Gradient

deer resistant Common Name

S

salt tolerance

E

WIS

erosion control Height

Hardiness

pH

Plant Attributes

Obligate (OBL) Facultative Facultative (FAC) Obligate (OBL) Wetland (FACW)Facultative Wetland (FACW) Facultative 12-18" 3-8 FACUmarginal woodfern Dryopteris marginalis •Dennstaedtia Species arrangement from saturated to dry soil conditions 15-24" E rh 3-8 eastern hayscented fern punctilobulafollows a gradient quirements season ephemeral rh rhizomatous light requirements ss self sowing self sowing C4 warmC3season cool season season rh rhizomatousC3 cool ss C4 warm EP E •Polystichum Species areacrostichoides grouped by light requirements within this gradient 12-18" 4-7 FACUChristmas fern ss C4 S E 2-3' 5-8 broomsedge bluestem FACU 4.9-7 virginicus •Andropogon Species listed close to each other are possible companion species Common Name Hardiness WIS pH Height Plant Attributes WIS Species Common Name Height Hardiness pH Species Plant Attrib

SOIL MOISTURE GRADIENT

ss C4 E 3-4' 3-8 FACUlittle bluestem 5-8.4 Schizachyrium scoparium & cvs. C3 E rh C3 3-9S E softstem bulrush 6-8' 3-9 5.4-7.5 autumn 5.4-7.5Helenium OBL softstemOBL bulrush Scirpus validus ss C4 rh S 3-4' 6-8' 2-9 FACUbitter panicgrass 5-7.5 Panicum amarum 'Dewey Blue' Companion species for C3 rh C3 3-11S E narrowleaf cattail OBLcattail 4-5' 3-11 3.7-8.5 ia Rudbeckia lacinia narrowleaf Typha angustifolia C4 rh S E 3-5' 4-5' 2-9 FAC OBL switchgrass 4.5-8 3.7-8.5 Panicum virgatum & cvs. SATURATED soils inssSUN rh C4 2-11S E rh C4 E broadleaf OBL 4-5' 2-11 5.5-8.7 semperv 5.5-8.7Solidago OBL broadleaf cattail Typha latifolia cattail ss 2-4' 4-5' 4-8 blue giant hyssop Agastache foeniculum C3 4-7S E C3 longhair sedge OBL 4-5' 4-7 4.6-7.5 Verbena hastata 4.6-7.5 4-5' OBL longhair sedge Carex comosa ss C) Facultative nodding Uplandonion (FACU) 12-18" Upland 3–9 (UPL) Allium cernuum E C 3 C3 rh rh Emory’s OBL 18-24" 5-9 Vernonia novebor OBL 2-4' 18-24" 4-9 5-9 5.6-7.5 Emory’s sedge Carex emoryi sedge rh common milkweed Asclepias syriaca E C3 shallow OBL 2-3' tolerance3-8 2-3' 3-9C3 3-8 4.8-6.84.9-6.8Aster novae-angl OBL shallow sedge S salt Carex lurida sedge deer resistant E 4.9-6.8 ephemeral erosion EP 18-24" control butterfly milkweed Asclepias tuberosa C3 5-8 C3 upright sedge OBL 3-4' 5-8 3.5-7 Aster novi-belgii 3.5-7 3-4' OBL upright sedge Carex stricta E 1-2' 4-8 whorled milkweed Asclepias verticillata E C 3 C3 E fox sedge OBL 2-3' 3-7 6.8-8.9 ea Eryngium yuccifo 6.8-8.9 2-3' 3-7 OBL fox sedge Carex vulpinoidea Species Common Height Hardiness pH PlantrhAttributes WIS 6-8" 5-8 FACU white heathName aster Aster ericoides 'Snow Flurry' E C 3 C3 E rh sweetflag 3-4' 3-6 5.6-7.2 nus 5.6-7.2Helianthusrh'Lemo 3-6 3-4' 4-8 sweetflag Acorus americanus 3' aromatic aster Aster oblo. 'Raydon’s 12-18" 3-8 Companion species for FACUmarginal woodfern Dryopteris marginalisFavorite' rh WET rh swamp milkweed OBL 3-9 ata helianth 3-9 soils in SUN 5-8 Heliopsis swamp milkweed 3-5' Asclepias incarnata E 2-3' 3-5' 3-8 5-8 FACU OBL5-8 largeleaf wild indigo Baptisia alba var. macrophylla rh 15-24" eastern hayscented fern Dennstaedtia punctilobula EP 3-7 E EP fl yellow marsh marigold OBL 8-12" 3-7 4.9-6.8 Pycnanthemum 4.9-6.8 8-12" OBL yellow marsh marigold Caltha palustris E 2-4' 4-9 blue wild indigo Baptisia australis, var. & cvs. 12-18" 4-7 FACUChristmas fern Polystichum acrostichoides crimsoneyed rosemallow Maryland OBL rosemallow 3-7' 5-11 utos m 4-7.5 Pycnanthemum 3-7' 4-7 5-11S crimsoneyed Hibiscus moscheutos ss C4 18-24" UPL OBL4-7.5 goldenaster Chrysopsis mariana S E 2-3' 5-8 FACU broomsedge bluestem 4.9-7 Andropogon virginicus E harlequin blueflag OBL 2-7 6-7 Rudbeckia 2-4' 5-8 2-7S OBL6-7 harlequin blueflag 2-4' Iris verticillata versicolor E ss C4 maxim E 18-24" whorled tickseed Coreopsis 3-4' 3-8 FACUlittle bluestem 5-8.4 Schizachyrium scoparium & cvs. E Virginia iris OBL 2-3' 5-7 4.8-7.3 Solidago 4.8-7.3 5-7 2-3' OBL Virginia iris Iris virginica ss C4 gramini 2-3' 5-9 yellowpanicgrass coneflower Echinaceaamarum paradoxa S E 3-4' 2-9 FACUbitter 5-7.5 Panicum 'Dewey Blue' Allegheny monkeyflower 1-3' 4-10 OBL 2-3' 1-3' 4-9 4-10 6.5-7.2 Vernonia monkeyflower Mimulus ringens E easternAllegheny purpleOBL coneflower Echinacea purpurea cv. ss C4 glauca SS E 3-5' 2-9 FAC switchgrass 4.5-8 Panicum virgatum && cvs. C 3 C3 viE sedge OBL sedge 2-3' 4-8 4.7-6.9 4.7-6.9Veronicastrum 2-3' 4-8 4-8 OBL Muskingum CarexMuskingum muskingumensis Emensis E 2-3' hyssopleaf thoroughwort Eupatorium hyssopifolium ss 2-4' blue giant hyssop Agastache foeniculum white turtlehead OBL 2-4' 5-8 6-7 Andropogon gera 6-7 5-8 2-4' OBL white turtlehead Chelone glabra Companion species for 1-2' 4-9 sundial lupine Lupinuscernuum perennis ss 12-18" 3–9 nodding onion Allium rh WET rhdactylE royal regalis fern var. spectabilis wild bergamot OBL 4-6' 4-7 4.3-5.2 sE var. spectabilis Tripsacum 4-7 soils royal fern Osmunda SHADE 3-5' 4-6' 4-9 3-8 UPL OBL 6-8 in4.3-5.2 Monarda fistulosa rh 2-4' common milkweed 5.6-7.5 Asclepias syriaca & cv. Virginia chainfern OBL 18-24" 3-10 ginica Deschampsia ces 3-10 18-24" OBL Virginia chainfern Woodwardia virginica 2-4' 3-8 FACU fall phloxmilkweed Phlox paniculata cvs. 18-24" 3-9 butterfly 4.8-6.8 Asclepias tuberosa ss ss C 4 C 4 S bushy FACW+ 5-9 FACW+ 5-6.3 meratus virginicus 5-6.3 Elymus 2-5' 3-8 Companion 5-9 6.8-7.2species bluestem Andropogon glomeratus for S E 12-18" uprightbushy prairie coneflower 2-5' Ratibida colu. 'Redbluestem Midget' 1-2' 4-8 whorled milkweed Asclepias verticillata E rh C3MOIST soils 4.5-8 in SUN rh C3 E bluejoint canadensis FACW+ 5-9 FACW+ 4.5-8 anadensis Ratibida Juncus tenuis 5-9 5.6-6.8 bluejoint Calamagrostis 3-8 pinnate prairie coneflower 3-5' 3-5' 3-5' 5-8 pinnata rh 6-8" FACU white heath aster Aster ericoides 'Snow Flurry' E ss ss C3 E C 3 S common rush FACW+ 2-5' 2-9 5.5-8.8 Amsonia hubrich 2-9 5.5-8.8 2-5' FACW+ common rush Juncus effusus UPL ss E fringeleafaster wild petunia 4.5-7.5 2-3' Ruellia humilis & cv. Favorite' 3' 4-8 aromatic Aster oblo. 'Raydon’s ss C3 4-8 E ss C3 Woolgrass FACW+ 4-6' 4-8 4.8-7.2 us Asclepias purpur 4.8-7.2 FACW+ 4-6' Woolgrass Scirpus cyperinus 4-9 hoary skullcap 3-4' Scutellaria incana 2-3' 5-8 FACU largeleaf wild indigo Baptisia alba var. macrophylla Bloom Time & Flower Color Grid C3 E Gray’s sedge 2-3' 4-8 5.7-7.2 Gray’sFACW+ sedge Carex grayi UPL FACW+ rh laevis 'Blue 3-9C3 4-8 5-7.5 5.7-7.2Aster stiff goldenrod 3-4' 2-3' 4-9 Solidago rigida 2-4' blue wild indigo Baptisia australis, var. & cvs. C3 4-8 C3 E eastern star sedge 1-2' 4-8 Liatris spicata 1-2' eastern star sedge Carex radiata rh 3-8 goldenrod goldenaster 2-3' Solidago 'Solar Cascade' 18-24" 4-7 UPL Maryland Chrysopsis mariana • Example: Monarda fistulosa bloomed pink from mid June to mid August pink turtlehead FACW+ 2-3' 4-7 Hot Lips' Monarda bradbu 4-7 FACW+ 2-3' pink turtlehead Chelone lyonii 'Hot Lips' FACU E E 4-8 slender goldentop 1-2' Solidago tenuifolia 18-24" 5-8 whorled tickseed Coreopsis verticillata ss ss •Echinacea Bloom time is weather dependent, varying by geographical climatic conditions cardinalflower FACW+ 2-5' locations 3-8 and 5.8-7.8 is FACW+ 2-5' 5-8 3-8 E 5.8-7.8Monarda didyma cardinalflower Lobelia cardinalis Aaron’s rod 3-4' Thermopsis caroliniana 2-3' 5-9 yellow coneflower paradoxa E ss great blue lobelia FACW+ 2-3' 4-8 and 6.1-7.5 2-3' a FACW+ greatwill blueoffer lobeliacontinuous Lobelia siphilitica •Echinacea Combining species based on bloom habitat aesthetic E 3-9 4-8 6.5-7.26.1-7.5Oenotherassfrutico hoarytime verbena Verbena stricta S 2-3' value4-9 eastern purple coneflower purpurea & cv. EP Virginia bluebells FACW 18-24" 3-8 FACW 4.5-8 ica digita 18-24" 3-9 EP 3-8 5.5-8.5 4.5-8 Penstemon bluebells Mertensia virginica bloom time & flower color S EE rh sideoatsVirginia grama ss C4 18-30" Bouteloua curtipendula E 2-3' 4-8 hyssopleaf thoroughwort Eupatorium hyssopifolium E ss ss golden ragwort FACW 1-4' 3-9 4.5-8.5 Phlox pilosa FACW 1-4' 3-9 4.5-8.5 golden ragwort Senecio aureus E C4 S 4-9 blue grama 2-3' 6.6-8.4 Bouteloua gracilis cv. 1-2' sundial lupine Lupinus perennis nodding lady's tresses FACW 1-2' 4-8 4.5-6.5 var. odorata Physostegia virgi 1-2' 4-8 4.5-6.5 FACW nodding lady's tresses Spiranthes cern. var. odorata UPL E E ss C 4 5-8 purple lovegrass 18-24" 4-7.4 Eragrostisfistulosa spectabilis E E 3-5' 3-8 UPL wild bergamot 6-8 Monarda & cv. Dixie Wood Fern FACW 3-4' 5-9 stralis Rudbeckia fulg. v 3-4' 5-9 FACW Dixie Wood Fern Dryopteris × australis UPL ss C4 S E 2-9 Indiangrass 3-6' 4.8-8 Sorghastrum nutans 2-4' 3-8 FACU fall phlox Phlox paniculata cvs. rh sensitive fern FACW 1-2' 2-10 is Rudbeckia triloba 2-10 6-7.2 fern Onoclea sensibilis UPL FACW12-18" C4 rh 5-9 prairie sensitive dropseed 2-3' 1-2' 3-8 Sporobolus heterolepis S upright prairie coneflower 6.8-7.2 Ratibida colu. 'Red Midget' S cinnamon fern FACW 3-5' 3-7 4.5-7 momea Solidago rugosa 3-5' 3-7 4.5-7 FACW cinnamon fern Osmunda cinnamomea C 4 S E' 5-9 big sacaton 7-8' 5.6-8 Sporobolus wrightii 'Mesa Form' 3-5' 3-8 pinnate prairie coneflower 5.6-6.8 Ratibida pinnata E rh rh ostrichstruthiopteris fern 3-4' 3-8 hiopteris Zizia 3-8 ostrichFACW fern Matteuccia UPL FACW 2-3' 3-4' 4-8 ss aurea E fringeleaf wild petunia 4.5-7.5 Ruellia humilis & cv. Month:Eupatorium M coastalFACW J joe pye weed coastalMplain joe'Little pyeAweed 4-5'J 5-9A FACW S ium 'Little Joe' Carex amphibola 4-5' O 5-9 N plain dubium Joe' hoary 4-9 skullcap 3-4' Scutellaria incana April AuguFACW Sep 5-8' Oct 4-8 Nov Mfistulosum Matrumpetweed June trumpetweed FACW 5-8'July 4-8 losum Carex flaccosperE Eupatorium arch y UPL st rh stiff goldenrod 3-4' tember 3-9 ober 5-7.5 ember Solidago rigida spotted trumpetweed FACW 5-6' 4-8 6-7 ulatum cv. Carex pensylvaniE 6-7 5-6' 4-8 FACW spotted trumpetweed Eupatorium maculatum cv. rh 3-8 goldenrod 2-3' Solidago 'Solar Cascade' common boneset FACW+ 3-9 oliatum Aquilegia cana. E'L 3-4' 3-9 common boneset 3-4' Eupatorium perfoliatum FACUFACW+ 4-8 slender| goldentop Solidago tenuifolia | 1.877.ECO.PLUG www.landscapeplugs.com 1.610.255.0100 phone | 1.610.255.4762 fax1-2' | www.northcreeknurseries.com Thermopsis caroliniana M A Month: M J rodM A M J AAaron’s J S J O A N3-4' S 5-8 O N Month:


and maintenance protocols. Discover the North Creek Difference.

Wetland Indicator Status (WIS) • Wetland indicator categories should not be equated to degrees of wetness • Regional Indicators express the estimated probability of a species occurring in wetlands versus non-wetlands in the region • Species Selection Chart is based on Region 1: Northeastern US • Visit http://plants.usda.gov/wetinfo.html for additional information

Height • The average mature height is listed for each species • Heights may vary based on soil and hydrological conditions

Hardiness Zone • Based on USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map • Visit http://www.usna.usda.gov/Hardzone/ for additional information

pH • Optimal pH range for each species is based on USDA data • Maximum species development and health will occur within this range • pH levels falling outside the range indicated may impact overall development and susceptibility to pest and disease • Visit http://plants.usda.gov/ for additional information

Plant Attributes Optimum growth will occur under full sun ( ), partial shade ( ), or full shade ( ) conditions rh

Spreads rapidly via rhizomes and/or stolons

ss

Species has the ability to self-sow under optimal conditions

C3 C4 EP

Cool season metabolism (C3), warm season metabolism (C4), ephemeral (EP) Deer resistant

S

Salt tolerance; species listed will tolerate a varying degree of salinity

E

Erosion control via rhizomes, stolons, semi-evergreen basal leaves or fibrous roots

Plant Solutions for Ecological Landscapes - Where Horticulture Meets Ecology™


Where Horticulture Meets Ecology™

Obligate (OBL) –

light requirements

Facultative Wetland (FACW) rh – rhizomatous

ss – self

sowing

Facultative (FAC) C3 –

cool season

Species

Common Name

WIS

Height

Hardiness

pH

Scirpus validus Typha angustifolia Typha latifolia Carex comosa Carex emoryi Carex lurida Carex stricta Carex vulpinoidea Acorus americanus Asclepias incarnata Caltha palustris Hibiscus moscheutos Iris versicolor Iris virginica Mimulus ringens Carex muskingumensis Chelone glabra Osmunda regalis var. spectabilis Woodwardia virginica Andropogon glomeratus Calamagrostis canadensis Juncus effusus Scirpus cyperinus Carex grayi Carex radiata Chelone lyonii 'Hot Lips' Lobelia cardinalis Lobelia siphilitica Mertensia virginica Senecio aureus Spiranthes cern. var. odorata Dryopteris × australis Onoclea sensibilis Osmunda cinnamomea Matteuccia struthiopteris Eupatorium dubium 'Little Joe' Eupatorium fistulosum Eupatorium maculatum cv. Eupatorium perfoliatum

softstem bulrush narrowleaf cattail broadleaf cattail longhair sedge Emory’s sedge shallow sedge upright sedge fox sedge sweetflag swamp milkweed yellow marsh marigold crimsoneyed rosemallow harlequin blueflag Virginia iris Allegheny monkeyflower Muskingum sedge white turtlehead royal fern Virginia chainfern bushy bluestem bluejoint common rush Woolgrass Gray’s sedge eastern star sedge pink turtlehead cardinalflower great blue lobelia Virginia bluebells golden ragwort nodding lady's tresses Dixie Wood Fern sensitive fern cinnamon fern ostrich fern coastal plain joe pye weed trumpetweed spotted trumpetweed common boneset

OBL OBL OBL OBL OBL OBL OBL OBL

3-9 3-11 2-11 4-7 5-9 3-8 5-8 3-7 3-6 3-9 3-7 5-11 2-7 5-7 4-10 4-8 5-8 4-7 3-10 5-9 5-9 2-9 4-8 4-8 4-8 4-7 3-8 4-8 3-8 3-9 4-8 5-9 2-10 3-7 3-8 5-9 4-8 4-8 3-9

5.4-7.5 3.7-8.5 5.5-8.7 4.6-7.5

FACW+ FACW+ FACW+ FACW FACW FACW FACW FACW FACW FACW FACW FACW FACW FACW+

6-8' 4-5' 4-5' 4-5' 18-24" 2-3' 3-4' 2-3' 3-4' 3-5' 8-12" 3-7' 2-4' 2-3' 1-3' 2-3' 2-4' 4-6' 18-24" 2-5' 3-5' 2-5' 4-6' 2-3' 1-2' 2-3' 2-5' 2-3' 18-24" 1-4' 1-2' 3-4' 1-2' 3-5' 3-4' 4-5' 5-8' 5-6' 3-4'

A

S

O

Month:

M

A

M

J

OBL OBL OBL OBL OBL OBL OBL OBL OBL OBL FACW+ FACW+ FACW+ FACW+ FACW+

J

4.9-6.8 3.5-7 6.8-8.9 5.6-7.2 5-8 4.9-6.8 4-7.5 6-7 4.8-7.3 4.7-6.9 6-7 4.3-5.2 5-6.3 4.5-8 5.5-8.8 4.8-7.2 5.7-7.2

C4 –

warm season

Plant Attributes rh C3

S

E

rh C3

S

E

rh C4

S

E

C3

S

E

rh C3

E

C3

E

C3 C3

E

rh C3

E

rh E

EP

S S

E E

C3

rh ss C4

S

rh C3 ss C3

E

S

ss C3

E E

C3 C3

5.8-7.8 6.1-7.5 4.5-8 4.5-8.5 4.5-6.5

ss

E

ss

E EP

ss

E

rh

4.5-7

S

rh

6-7 N

E


Facultative Upland (FACU) EP – ephemeral

– deer

resistant

S –

salt tolerance

Species

Common Name

Helenium autumnale Rudbeckia laciniata & cv. Solidago sempervirens Verbena hastata Vernonia noveboracensis Aster novae-angliae Aster novi-belgii Eryngium yuccifolium Helianthus 'Lemon Queen' Heliopsis helianthoides Pycnanthemum flexuosum Pycnanthemum muticum Rudbeckia maxima Solidago graminifolia Vernonia glauca Veronicastrum virginicum Andropogon gerardii Tripsacum dactyloides Deschampsia cespitosa & cv. Elymus virginicus Juncus tenuis Amsonia hubrichtii Asclepias purpurascens Aster laevis 'Bluebird' Liatris spicata Monarda bradburiana Monarda didyma 'Jacob Cline' Oenothera fruticosa & cv. Penstemon digitalis & cv. Phlox pilosa Physostegia virginiana cvs. Rudbeckia fulg. var. fulg. & cv. Rudbeckia triloba Solidago rugosa 'Fireworks' Zizia aurea Carex amphibola Carex flaccosperma Carex pensylvanica Aquilegia cana. 'Little Lanterns'

common sneezeweed cutleaf coneflower seaside goldenrod swamp verbena New York ironweed New England aster New York aster button eryngo sunflower smooth oxeye Appalachian mountainmint clustered mountainmint great coneflower flat-top goldentop broadleaf ironweed Culver’s root big bluestem eastern gamagrass tufted hairgrass Virginia wildrye poverty rush Hubricht’s bluestar purple milkweed smooth blue aster dense blazing star eastern beebalm scarlet beebalm narrowleaf evening primrose talus slope penstemon downy phlox obedient plant orange coneflower browneyed Susan wrinkleleaf goldenrod golden zizia eastern narrowleaf sedge thinfruit sedge Pennsylvania sedge red columbine

Month:

M

A

M

Upland (UPL)

J

E

erosion control

WIS

Height

Hardiness

pH

FACW+ FACW FACW FACW+ FACW+ FACWFACW+ FAC

3-8 3-9 4-9 3-9 5-8 3-8 4-8 5-9 4-9 4-9 6-8 4-8 5-8 3-9 6-8 3-10 3-9 3-9 4-9 3-9 3-9 5–9 5-9 4-8 3-9 4-8 3-8 4-9 3-8 5-8 3-9 5-7 5-7 4-9 4-9 3-9 5-8 4-8 3-8

4-7.5 4.5-7 5.5-7.5

FAC

3-5' 5-8' 3-5' 4-6' 4-7' 3-5' 3-6' 4-5' 6-8' 4-6' 2-3' 2-3' 6-8' 3-4' 3-5' 4-6' 4-8' 4-5' 2-4' 2-3' 1-2' 3' 2-3' 3-4' 3-5' 1-2' 3-5' 2-3' 3-4' 1-2' 2-3' 2-3' 2-3' 3-4' 2-3' 1-2' 6-12" 8-12" 12-18"

A

S

O

FACW FACW FAC+ FAC FACU FAC FACW FACW FACWFACFACU FAC+ FAC+ FAC FAC FACU FAC+ FAC FACU FAC FAC FAC FAC

J

4.5-8 6-7 5.5-7

Plant Attributes ss

S S

ss

E

E E

E

rh

E

4-7 E

6-7.5 5.1-7.5 4.8-7.2 5-7 4.5-7

5.8-7.8 5.6-7.5

C4

S

C4 C3

E

S

C3 C3

E E

S

E

E

ss

S

4.5-7 5.5-7

ss

S

E

rh

S

E

5-7.5

rh

5.9-7 4.6-7.1

E

C3 C3 C3

>6.8 N

E


Where Horticulture Meets Ecology™

Obligate (OBL) –

light requirements

Facultative Wetland (FACW) rh – rhizomatous

ss – self

Species

Common Name

Asarum canadense Delphinium exaltatum Eupatorium coelestinum Helianthus divaricatus Spigelia marilandica Tiarella cordifolia & cvs. Tradescantia ohiensis Viola labradorica Adiantum pedatum Athyrium filix-femina & cv. Dryopteris goldiana Thelypteris noveboracensis Carex eburnea Carex flacca 'Blue Zinger' Carex appalachica Carex plantaginea Carex platyphylla Chasmanthium latifolium Deschampsia flexuosa Aster cordifolius Aster divaricatus Chrysogonum virg. var. australe Erigeron p. 'Lynnhaven Carpet' Geranium maculatum & cvs. Heuchera amer. 'Dale’s Strain' Heuchera longiflora Heuchera macr. 'Autumn Bride' Meehania cordata Pachysandra procumbens Phlox divaricata cvs. Phlox stolonifera cvs. Podophyllum peltatum Polemonium reptans Porteranthus trifoliatus Solidago caesia Solidago flexicaulis Tradescantia r. 'Morning Grace' Viola walteri 'Silver Gem' Geum fragarioides

Canadian wildginger tall larkspur blue mistflower woodland sunflower woodland pinkroot heartleaf foamflower bluejacket alpine violet northern maidenhair common ladyfern Goldie’s woodfern New York fern bristleleaf sedge heath sedge Appalachian sedge plantainleaf sedge broadleaf sedge Indian woodoats wavy hairgrass common blue wood aster white wood aster green and gold robin’s plantain spotted geranium American alumroot longflower alumroot hairy alumroot Meehan’s mint Allegheny-spurge wild blue phlox creeping phlox mayapple Greek valerian Bowman’s root wreath goldenrod zigzag goldenrod Piedmont roseling prostrate blue violet Appalachian barren strawberry

Month:

M

A

M

WIS

J

J

FAC

FACFAC FAC FACFAC FAC+ FAC FACU

FACU

FACU FACU FACU-

FACU FACU FACU FACU FACU

A

sowing

Facultative (FAC) C3 –

cool season

C4 –

warm season

Height

Hardiness

pH

Plant Attributes

6-12" 3-6' 2-3' 4-6' 18-24" 8-12" 2-3' 6" 12-18" 2-3' 3-4' 1-2' 6" 6-10" 12" 8-10" 8-12" 3-5' 8-18" 2-3' 2-3' 6" 12-15" 8-12" 18" 8-14" 1-2' 6-10" 6-10" 10-18" 6-10" 8-12" 15-18" 2-3' 2-3' 2-3' 8-10" 3-5" 6"

3-8 5-8 6-11 5-9 6-9 4-8 5-8 3-7 3-8 4-8 3-8 2-8 2-8 5-8 3-8 4-8 4-8 5-8 4-9 3-8 3-8 5-8 5-9 4-8 4-7 4-8 3-8 5-8 4-9 4-8 5-8 3-9 4-8 4-8 4-8 3-9 6-10 6-8 4-7

6-7

EP

S

O

5.5-7.5

rh

4.6-6.6 4.5-7

rh

4-7

rh

E

ss rh E

C3 C3 C3 C3 C3

5-7 4.8-6.8 5.7-7.5 5.1-6.5

ss C4

E

C3

rh ss

E E

rh ss

E

EP

5.5-7.2 EP

5.5-7 5.3-7

rh rh ss rh

N

E E


Facultative Upland (FACU) EP – ephemeral

– deer

resistant

S –

salt tolerance

Species

Common Name

Dryopteris marginalis Dennstaedtia punctilobula Polystichum acrostichoides Andropogon virginicus Schizachyrium scoparium & cvs. Panicum amarum 'Dewey Blue' Panicum virgatum & cvs. Agastache foeniculum Allium cernuum Asclepias syriaca Asclepias tuberosa Asclepias verticillata Aster ericoides 'Snow Flurry' Aster oblo. 'Raydon’s Favorite' Baptisia alba var. macrophylla Baptisia australis, var. & cvs. Chrysopsis mariana Coreopsis verticillata Echinacea paradoxa Echinacea purpurea & cv. Eupatorium hyssopifolium Lupinus perennis Monarda fistulosa & cv. Phlox paniculata cvs. Ratibida colu. 'Red Midget' Ratibida pinnata Ruellia humilis & cv. Scutellaria incana Solidago rigida Solidago 'Solar Cascade' Solidago tenuifolia Thermopsis caroliniana Verbena stricta Bouteloua curtipendula Bouteloua gracilis cv. Eragrostis spectabilis Sorghastrum nutans Sporobolus heterolepis Sporobolus wrightii 'Mesa Form'

marginal woodfern eastern hayscented fern Christmas fern broomsedge bluestem little bluestem bitter panicgrass switchgrass blue giant hyssop nodding onion common milkweed butterfly milkweed whorled milkweed white heath aster aromatic aster largeleaf wild indigo blue wild indigo Maryland goldenaster whorled tickseed yellow coneflower eastern purple coneflower hyssopleaf thoroughwort sundial lupine wild bergamot fall phlox upright prairie coneflower pinnate prairie coneflower fringeleaf wild petunia hoary skullcap stiff goldenrod goldenrod slender goldentop Aaron’s rod hoary verbena sideoats grama blue grama purple lovegrass Indiangrass prairie dropseed big sacaton

Month:

M

A

M

Upland (UPL)

J

E

erosion control

WIS

Height

Hardiness

FACU-

12-18" 15-24" 12-18" 2-3' 3-4' 3-4' 3-5' 2-4' 12-18" 2-4' 18-24" 1-2' 6-8" 3' 2-3' 2-4' 18-24" 18-24" 2-3' 2-3' 2-3' 1-2' 3-5' 2-4' 12-18" 3-5' 2-3' 3-4' 3-4' 2-3' 1-2' 3-4' 2-3' 18-30" 2-3' 18-24" 3-6' 2-3' 7-8'

3-8 3-8 4-7 5-8 3-8 2-9 2-9 4-8 3–9 4-9 3-9 4-8 5-8 4-8 5-8 4-9 4-7 5-8 5-9 4-9 4-8 4-9 3-8 3-8 3-8 3-8 4-8 4-9 3-9 3-8 4-8 5-8 3-9 3-9 4-9 5-8 2-9 5-9 5-9

S

O

FACUFACU FACUFACUFAC

FACU FACU UPL

UPL FACU UPL UPL FACU

UPL UPL UPL J

A

pH

Plant Attributes rh

4.9-7 5-8.4 5-7.5 4.5-8

E

ss C4

S

ss C4

E E

ss C4

S

E

ss C4

S

E

ss

E

ss

5.6-7.5 4.8-6.8

rh

rh

E E

6.5-7.2

S

ss

E

6-8

E

6.8-7.2 5.6-6.8 4.5-7.5

ss

E

5-7.5

rh

E

rh

E

S

E

5.5-8.5 6.6-8.4 4-7.4 4.8-8 6-7.2 5.6-8 N

rh C4

S

C4

S

ss C4 ss C4

E

E

S

E

S

E

C4 C4


The Landscape Plug™ Manual: Specifications, species selection, establishment

Site Preparation and Installation

Tamping soil around Landscape Plugs™ increases soil-root-contact and minimizes frost heaving Initial irrigation is essential to fill air holes around root systems with soil Warm season species need to be rooted-in prior to winter dormancy Installation rates vary based on site conditions and installation crew’s pace Apply mulch prior to installation to save time and protect sensitive plant crowns Avoid site compaction to ensure Landscape Plug™ success Maintain site hydrologic functions + Low Impact Development Strategies Manual + Visit www.epa.gov/owow/NPS/lid for additional information Recommendations for highly erodible landscapes: + Stabilize site with biodegradeable erosion control matting or by sowing a cover crop + Insert Landscape Plugs™ through erosion control layer + Integrate vernalized Landscape Plugs™ to stabilize soil more quickly + Appropriate species are indicated throughout the Species Selection Chart For project-specific recommendations please call 1.877.ECO.PLUG

www.landscapeplugs.com | 1.877.ECO.PLUG | 1.610.255.0100 phone | 1.610.255.4762 fax | www.northcreeknurseries.com

IMAGE 5 (COUNTERCLOCKWISE): COURTESY OF THINKGREEN LLC

Optimal installation times are dictated by a species’ metabolism Depending on temperature, most species will break winter dormancy in early spring Utilizing North Creek’s recyclable wooden racks reduces transportation, labor and installation costs Landscape Plugs™ are easily removed from flats by hand Each tray is labeled true to name, with backup species ID tags located below soil level When laying out, keep Landscape Plugs™ properly watered Recommended tools for easy installation: auger (0 3''), small spade or hand trowel


and maintenance protocols. Discover the North Creek Difference.

Landscape Plugs™ Installation Rate Protect sensitive crown Apply 2-4'' of organic mulch

Project Establishment and Maintenance Regular site and species monitoring is critical to ensure optimal plant health Provide supplemental irrigation during severe drought Monitor for invasive species and perform weed control

Fill post-installation air holes with soil

Irrigation, weeding, and mulching will lessen as Landscape Plugs™ mature Stable soils should not require additional fertilizer

Installation Rate =

120 Landscape Plugs™ Labor Hour

Data reflects installation rates in well prepared soils where Landscape Plugs™ are laid out prior to installation. Results may vary by site.

Cut back herbaceous species in late winter to early spring Mow or burn larger Landscape Plug™ installations Implement Integrated Pest Management practices + www.epa.gov/pesticides/factsheets/ipm.htm

Plant Solutions for Ecological Landscapes - Where Horticulture Meets Ecology™


o. lan. 90-266)

Sen. aur. (28-42)

FRAXINUS AMER. 'AUT. P.' (1)

TILIA CORDATA (EXISTING)

Asti (145 Car. m. 'I. D.' (135-189)

FRAXINUS EXCELSIOR (EXISTING) TILIA CORDATA (EXISTING)

Sen. aur. (52-78)

TILIA CORDATA (EXISTING)

Where Horticulture Meets Ecology™

TILIA CORDATA (EXISTING)

Berg. 'Beeth.' (115-161)

Berg. 'WM' (85-119)

LAGERSTR. 'NATCHEZ' (4)

Astil. chin. p. (120-240)

Hadspen Office (60 sqm) Car. m.

Great thoughts reduced'I. to D.' practice become great acts.

Sen. aur. (76-114) Ho. 'R. St.' (45-75)

Ho. lan. 50-70)

TILIA CORDATA (EXISTING)

CERCIS SILIQUASTRUM (2)

Sen. aur. (20-30)

(80-112)

-William Hazlitt, essayist Astil. Aco. 'J.' (34-51)

Astil. chin. p. (282-564)

Astil. 'Dtl.' (120-216) Hadspen Store

ntrance building

hibola

388 North Creek Road | Landenberg, PA 19350 1.877.ECO.PLUG | 610.255.4762 fax www.northcreeknurseries.com info@northcreeknurseries.com

chin. p. (108-216)

Rudb. dea. (64-144)

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