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The Nearness of Wind

Pg. 12

Energy Lifeline

Why transmission is the backbone of our renewable energy revolution Pg. 20

Three Predictions for the Energy Storage Industry in 2021 Pg. 34

Are Battery Metals the New Oil? Pg. 32

Buildings vs. Behavior Why structural energy efficiency is the future of energy conservation Pg. 96

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2021 SOLAR



The Nearness of Wind

Ian Stuart

Pg. 12

Energy Lifeline

Why transmission is the backbone of our renewable energy revolution Pg. 20


Three Predictions for the Energy Storage Industry in 2021

Quinn Stuart

Pg. 34

Are Battery Metals the New Oil? Pg. 32

Buildings vs. Behavior


Why structural energy efficiency is the future of energy conservation Pg. 96

Jill Walters Pg. 8

Pg. 17


On our cover… RP Construction Services, Inc. (RPCS) provides turnkey design, structural engineering, procurement/supply, mechanical installation, and specialty services to EPCs, developers, and municipal utilities. RPCS helps customers meet their renewable energy goals with simple, seamless project execution.

A Professional Buyer's Guide to Dependable Energy Storage


Quinn Stuart

Solar Battery or Generator? Keeping the lights on during power outages


Top story


Wind power


Wind product spotlight: Safety & Fall Protection


Wind spotlight: Training


Energy storage


2021 Solar Buyers Guide


Energy efficiency


Events calendar & advertiser’s list

Investment in Human Skills Alongside Digitalization Essential to Optimizing Wind Projects


Alison Bell 255 NEWPORT DRIVE, SUITE 336

Storage product: 40 Energy Stäubli Electrical Connectors AG

Solar 91 2021 Buyers Guide DEGER Canada, Inc.


Energy Lifeline

Why transmission is the backbone of our renewable energy revolution


Are Battery Metals the New Oil?


Three Predictions for the Energy Storage Industry in 2021 A Better Lithium Battery


The Nearness of Wind

Ready to thrive in transition to clean energy



Port of Opportunity


Wind product spotlight:

Keeping the lights on during power outages



The Special Cabling Challenges of Floating Offshore Wind Farms

Canada’s New Wind Turbine Database

22 Louisiana


Solar Battery or Generator?

Safety & Fall Protection


Wind spotlight:


2021 Solar Buyers Guide


Buildings vs. Behavior



A Professional Buyer’s Guide to Dependable Energy Storage


Preventing Thermal Runaway Before It Begins

Port Moody, B.C. V3H 5H1 Phone: (604) 461-6223

North American Clean Energy (USPS 1370) is publishing bi-monthly and distributed free by Action Media Ltd. Periodicals postage paid at Henry, IL. POSTMASTER: Send address changes to North American Clean Energy at 515 University Ave. Suite 1, Henry, IL 61537. Subscription updates can be made at North American Clean Energy accepts no responsibility or liability for reported claims made by manufacturers and/or distributors of products of services; the views and opinions expressed are those of the authors and not necessarily those of North American Clean Energy. No portion of this publication may be reproduced without the permission of the publishers.

Lidar Data Fix for Complex Terrain

Lake Charles, anchor of oil-and-gas country, also helps advance renewable energy in America

Keaton Spence James Vail


Don McIntosh


departments News bites


Chris Van Boeyen Ian Stuart

product spotlight: 26 Wind Safety & Fall Protection



Meg Lugaric


RP Construction Services, Inc.


JANUARY•FEBRUARY2021 Volume 15, Issue 1

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A North B O American V E A Clean L L Energy E L S E5

editor's note

news bites


“2020 is going to be a super year for nature and people.”


“If 2020 was a haircut, it would be a mullet.”

The past year has given us many things to think about and take action on. It’s refocussed our priorities in ways we never dreamed necessary. It’s made us appreciate the little things in life and earnestly consider the big picture. It’s made things we thought were inconsequential into game changers. Some really big, serious things happened this past year that made us all a little more serious about everything. But, as my colleague, Meg’s father said, “From the day you’re born ’til you ride in a hearse, things are never so bad that they couldn’t get worse.” So now, for just a moment, let’s take a breath of clean, fresh air, and relax a little. Let’s be thankful for all the things that were good last year and trust 2021 will make up for all the things that weren’t. The team at North American Clean Energy is thankful for all of our readers, contributors, and advertisers. We wouldn’t have made it through without you. This one’s for you...

Biodegradable face mask

Since the onset of COVID, the demand for single-use plastics has spiked worldwide. The BioProducts Institute at the University of British Columbia, develops ways to use renewable resources existing in nature as alternative solutions to fossil fuel derived materials. One major development has been the Can Mask, a biodegradable face mask created with natural cellulosic fibres and nano-materials made from wood-based products that match the performance of disposable polypropylene masks. Along with tackling COVID’s plastic problem, the BioProducts Institute is actively developing other solutions for wearable textile materials used for Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) and structural materials like thermal insulation, something integral for cold winter months, as people spend more time at home than ever.

The University of British Columbia ///


WORD SEARCH LIST (see answer key on page 98) ACE Clamp Aggreko Allied Tube & Conduit AMEPOWER American Earth Anchors American Ground Screws APA Baja Carports Bioenno Power Black & McDonald Blattner Energy Buffalo Turbine CAB Products Chilicon Power Continential Control Systems Cotek Electronic Crown Battery Detect E-On Batteries Eko Instruments E.I.W.P.F. (Elevator Industry Work Preservation Fund)

FTC Solar Ginlong Technologies


Green Grid Solutions Heyco Hukseflux International Tower Lighting Intersolar Janicki Industries Kinetic Solar KONG Logisticus Group MK Battery Mountain Crane MPINarada National Metal Industries Nel Hydrogen Nine Fasteners OMCO Solar Port of Lake Charles Premier Water Cleaning Systems PV Label QuickBolt RBI Solar Reef Industries Roof Tech RPM

SCHLETTER Sentinel Control Products Shoals Siba Fuses Sinexcel SKYLOTEC Sol-Ark Solar Connections Solar Flexrack SolarBos Solmetric Soltec Southern States Staubli STEGO Strawder Family Innovations Surrette Battery Tech Products T.P. and L.

(Transportation Partners and Logistics LLC)

We Recycle Solar WECS Renewables Word Rock Drills


Sustainably built coffee store

Canadian green construction technology company, Nexii Building Solutions Inc. (Nexii), has constructed a first-of-its-kind sustainably built Starbucks drive thru store in Abbotsford, BC, Canada. The sustainably constructed Starbucks café has been built using Nexii’s green construction technology, which is designed to reduce the store's carbon emissions by approximately 30%. Nexii’s proprietary material, Nexiite, which is used within its building panels, is more thermally efficient and less carbon-intensive than concrete. In addition, when assembled the Nexii panels create an airtight building envelope. Together, this markedly improves a building’s energy efficiency and, in turn, significantly lowers the greenhouse gas emissions for ongoing building operation. The Starbucks café’s wall and roof building panels were precision manufactured in a Nexii production facility and the onsite assembly of the airtight building envelope was completed in just six days. Nexii also aims to tackle the construction industry’s waste problem head-on and its building solution reduces onsite waste to near-zero. Nexii is continuing to invest in research and development to eliminate waste from its processes entirely.

Nexii ///

Cleaning the planet one piece a day

Energy harvester device to replace batteries

OnePieceADay (OPAD) ///

Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute ///

OnePieceADay (OPAD) is a proponent of plastic-free living. OnePieceADay is a mobile app where users log pollution they've either picked up or refused. OPAD was created as a global initiative to raise awareness on the detrimental effects of plastic pollution on the planet. They believe the proliferation of single-use plastic is the biggest contributor towards climate change. The goal with OPAD is to raise awareness of plastic pollution and in effect, eliminate the demand for singleuse plastics. Most recently, OPAD launched an eco e-commerce shop to encourage the world to integrate sustainability into everyday living.

A small energy harvesting device that can transform subtle mechanical vibrations into electrical energy could be used to power wireless sensors and actuators for use in anything from temperature and occupancy monitoring in smart environments, to biosensing within the human body. In research recently published online in the Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, engineers at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute developed a predictive model for such a device, which will allow researchers to better understand and optimize its functionalities, and eventually these harvesters will replace batteries, reducing associated environmentally hazardous waste and maintenance costs.

news bites


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North American Clean Energy


windstory top power

Investment in Human Skills Alongside Digitalization Essential to Optimizing Wind Projects by Rakesh Maharaj


growth in the last five years, increasing from almost 75GW of installed capacity in 2015, to over 105GW at the end of 2019. But with growth comes growing pains. While the Production Tax Credit has fueled expansion by providing developers and manufacturers with the confidence to make longer-term investment decisions, it has also forced companies throughout the value chain to drive down their costs. Owners, operators, and contractors have all faced the same central challenge: find more from less. The result is twofold… First, the drive for efficiency has led the wind industry to embrace digitalization in the form of remote monitoring, predictive maintenance, machine learning and more. A majority of companies continue to invest heavily in the use of digital technology to optimize mechanical assets. Second, labor costs have been trimmed at the expense of talent development. Recent reports suggest that, despite the boom of the last five years, US wind now faces a shortfall of qualified technicians that can construct and maintain wind turbines safely. Amid growing pressure to run leaner projects, operators look at ways to increase profit margins primarily through investment in digitalization, not human skills. Indeed, companies are often more concerned with finding ways to design humans out of their processes – via artificial intelligence and automation – than improving the skills of the individuals at all levels in their teams. However, until manufacturers develop self-inspecting, self-repairing, and self-managing assets, humans will remain a vital part of the industry. Making sense of asset data - and how it translates into work activity - is where optimized human intelligence and informed decision-making remains a necessity, something that many companies, unfortunately, continue to overlook. Optimized human performance can also act as a catalyst for enhanced asset performance, as well as deliver increased availability, less turbine downtime, safer colleagues, and fewer organizational siloes. With Joe Biden planning to invest $400 billion into clean energy over the next decade, the US wind sector needs to recognize that investment in human performance, alongside continued investment in digitalization, represents the route to safer and fully optimized projects. In fact, this philosophy was recently field-tested1 with a number of European industry leaders.

The Great Leap Forward

Traditional training models in the wind sector have focused primarily on developing skills in a classroom setting. While that class time is valuable, remembering ‘book knowledge’ months or years after learning it can pose a problem in the course of on-site work. What’s more, increasingly overstretched teams were already struggling to spare resource to offsite training, even before the emergence of Covid-19.



There had to be a better way. Readers of Harvard Business Review will be familiar with the concept of ‘workflow learning’. In February 2019, the publication argued that the best way to help workers learn the skills they need for day-to-day work is to ensure that their learning fits around the working day. The wind industry can benefit from this approach, where a digital performance support platform helps wind professionals learn vital skills during the daily flow of their work. From project manager to lead technician, personnel in a wide range of key roles can have touch-of-abutton access to the knowledge and good practice they need in order to keep projects safe and productive. Because the performance and decision-making of humans are every bit as important as technology to the safety and financial performance of projects, it’s a way of using that technology to improve the daily decisions taken at all stages of the project life cycle. Early adopters of this methodology are encouraged by how much digital performance support can help the wind industry further reduce levelized costs, in both construction and operation.

Five more years

As the US wind industry begins to chase down another five years of growth, we shouldn’t overlook the human contribution to portfolio productivity. Digital performance support represents an essential new approach to skills development that fits, hand-in-glove, with the challenges the global wind industry itself acknowledges. It presents an end to decision-making in a void. And it places human performance back alongside digitalization at the heart of the push to optimize assets.

Rakesh Maharaj is CTO of ARMSA Academy, which provides wind power professionals with the innovation, insights, knowledge, and skills they need to work more efficiently, safely, and profitably.

ARMSA Academy ///


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wind power

Lidar Data Fix for Complex Terrain by Juan Camilo Daza

Lidar devices are being used more and more to conduct wind resource assessment, as an alternative to meteorological masts. This is because they have several advantages over the traditional measuring technology. Once a meteorological mast is installed, both the position and height of conventional anemometers are fixed, therefore limiting the measurements to certain locations and heights; Lidars easily overcome this inconvenience with their inherent portability. Lidars can also measure wind speeds at greater heights than most meteorological masts. Given increasing onshore wind turbine heights - and rotor diameters reaching upwards of 525 feet (160 meters) - this ability is crucial. Ground-based, vertically-scanning Lidars calculate the wind speed VC based on measurements performed on a circular scanned area (as seen in Figure 1). The Lidar measures VU and VD. This area has a diameter size close to the size of the measured height.

Therefore, θ, VD, VU, φD and φU must be obtained. θ is easily obtained: it is simply the half cone scan angle of the specific Lidar being used. On the other hand, an accurate wind flow model is required to obtain both the wind speeds (VD and VU) and the inflow angles (φD and φU). Therefore, the correction factor is:


• VC: Calculated wind speed at the center • VU: Measured wind speed upwind • VD: Measured wind speed downwind • VL : Corrected wind speed • θ: Half cone scan angle • φU: Upwind inflow angle • φD: Downwind inflow angle Figure 1. Figure 1: The Lidar cone scan The calculation for the wind speed VC assumes that the flow over the measurement circle is homogeneous, and therefore that φU=φD and consequently that VC=(VU+VD)/2. However, this assumption breaks down when the flow is non-uniform, which is typical for a non-simple terrain. What is desired is the corrected wind speed VL. According to Sanquer et al. (Sanquer & Woodward, 2016) the general equation for VL is:

VL=1/(2 sin θ ) [VD sin(θ+φD) + VU sin(θ-φ_U )]



For the accurate acquirement of wind speeds and inflow angles, flow features typical of non-simple terrain, such as separation and recirculation, must be modeled accurately. Using a wind flow model such as Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD), it is possible to compute the set of factors so that the correction of Lidar result data is similar to what’s measured by a conventional anemometer at the point of interest,

directly above the measuring device (Bingöl, Mann, & Foussekis, 2009). Sanquer et al. (Sanquer & Woodward, 2016) used CFD to solve the Reynolds Averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) equations to compute the required wind speeds and inflow angles. This method solves the RANS equations in a refined mesh around the Lidar location, hence obtaining the wind speeds and inflow angles at the desired locations. Non-simple terrains will induce flow distortion, causing φU to be different than φD. This makes it extremely important to determine which types of terrain are not simple ones. The complexity of terrain may be determined by using the ruggedness index, as described by both Berge et al. (Berge, Nyhammer, Tallhaug, & Jacobsen, 2006) and Bowen et al. (Bowen

& Mortensen, 1996). The ruggedness index is defined as the fractional area of a terrain in the circular vicinity of a point of interest which exceeds a critical slope. However, applying the ruggedness index means having to select the critical slope; additionally, forest influences on the wind flow are not considered. The relationship between WAsP prediction errors and site ruggedness has been explored by Mortensen et al. (Mortensen, Tindal, & Landberg, 2008). Taking into account these references, it is best to follow Bingöl (Bingöl F. , 2010), which proposes a classification for the complexity of a site based on the following categories: - Flat terrain - Moderately complex terrain (hilly or vegetated) - Complex terrain (mountains or forests) - Highly complex terrain (any combination of moderately complex and complex site characteristics) Sanquer et al. (Sanquer & Woodward, 2016) tested this method on eight different sites of varying complexity. The results of that testing concluded that applying the CFD correction to data from Lidars in complex terrain improves the agreement between wind speed measurements from Lidars and meteorological masts. Additionally, for moderately complex terrain and complex terrain, the CFD correction of Lidar result data should be a standard process.

Juan Camilo Daza is a Business Development Engineer for Meteodyn, a numerical engineering and climatology company dedicated to the sectors of renewable energy, wind simulation, meteorology, and wind safety.

Meteodyn /// References: Berge, E., Nyhammer, F., Tallhaug, L., & Jacobsen, Ø. (2006). An Evaluation of the WAsP Model at a Coastal Mountainous Site in Norway. Wind Energy, 9, 131 - 140. Bingöl, F. (2010). Complex Terrain and Wind Lidars. Risø National Laboratory for Sustainable Energy. Bingöl, F., Mann, J., & Foussekis, D. (2009). Conically scanning lidar error in complex terrain. Meteorologische Zeitschrift, 18(2), 189 - 195. Bowen, A., & Mortensen, N. (1996). Exploring the limits of WAsP: the wind Atlas Analysis and application program. European Union Wind Energy Conference. Mortensen, N., Tindal, A., & Landberg, L. (2008). Field validation of the RIX performance indicator for flow in complex terrain. EWEA Conference. Sanquer, S., & Woodward, A. (2016). Post conversion of Lidar data on complex terrains.

New diagnostic tool kit

Manitowoc has also released a new wireless pressure transducer test kit to measure and record hydraulic pressures on all crane systems without the use of cumbersome hoses. The kit communicates wirelessly via Bluetooth with a smartphone app and comes with two transducers fitted with Stauff pressure test connectors and two transducers fitted with Parker quick disconnect connectors. Also included in the kit are a #4 and #6 SAE J1453 ORFS adapter and two spare batteries. A data logging option allows users to quickly download and email the data collected.

The Manitowoc Company ///

Powering Further

Blattner Energy, a premier EPC contractor in renewable energy construction, has built some of the largest, most complex energy projects in the country. But that isn’t only what sets us apart. We deliver collaborative construction solutions that go beyond the finished product.

This is A Better Construction Experience® North American Clean Energy


wind power

The Nearness of Wind by Kevin Wolf


the wind blow? Or see clouds flying across the sky? If you ask most people about capturing the power of wind, they picture a towering wind turbine. In fact, the clean energy industry may be missing out on an oft-ignored resource: low-lying winds.

Reintroducing H-type turbines

H-type turbines are compact, ground-level wind turbines that have been around for decades. By placing these relatively short turbines in the “understory” of tall turbines, an estimated 20 percent of wind farms can profitably capture the energy of near-ground winds. Traditional turbines do not do well in turbulent conditions. Gusts shake the blades that attach to these turbines’ horizontally-aligned drivetrains. Shaking causes the bearings in the drive shafts and generators to wear out; repairing these can be hugely expensive. Thus, propeller-type turbines are placed far apart from one another and high above the near-ground turbulent wind layer so that they realize smooth, laminar wind flow through the entire sweep of their long blades. H-type turbines, with their two or more arms connecting to each blade and vertically-aligned drive trains, are inherently able to do well in turbulence. Siting these vertically-spinning turbines as close



as a few feet apart from one another produces what is known as the Coupled Vortex Effect: the wind speeds up in the gap, creating more lift on the neighboring blades while the vortexes in the wake lower the pressure downwind, accelerating the wind through the entire rotor. With this, the density of energy production from wind-rich land can increase significantly. As a result, wind farms have the potential to expand renewable energy and lower the cost of electricity. Though H-type prototypes are not new, validation of their design concepts is new. Aeroelastic models are now able to predict fatigue, harmonic frequencies, structural integrity, and the aerodynamics of these turbines. And, thanks to a grant from the California Energy Commission, computer modeling also reveals how well the Coupled Vortex Effect compensates for the problem of drag from vertically-aligned turbines. Adding to the logic of developing the understory is research by several professors, including Drs. John Dabiri of Caltech and Marius Parschivoiu of Concordia University. Their studies show that pairs of closely spaced, compact H-type turbines can cause fast-moving, higher altitude winds to flow downward and nearer to the ground. The energy in the wind is measured as the cube of the wind speed, so even small increases in speed through tall turbine rotors create a marked rise in energy output. The result: more energy and greater efficiency. By precisely placing H-type turbines in the shadows of traditional wind turbines, the models indicate that fields of them will be able to produce a lot more energy than previously thought possible from windy lands. For example, advanced computer software was used to estimate near-ground wind speeds in 40 percent of the wind farms around the world. Based on extrapolating the results to all the wind farms, an estimated 100,000 megawatts of existing wind farms will have average annual wind speeds between 15 and 20 miles per hour, at 3080 feet above the ground. Pairs of H-type turbines in these locations should realize 30-50 percent capacity factors; and double or more the energy output from these properties. Because existing wind farms are already zoned for turbines with access roads, fencing, and other infrastructure in place, adding an understory of H-type turbines will realize much lower costs than projects built on raw land. This is especially true if nearground turbines come with batteries, so the wind farm's substation and transmission lines do not have to increase in capacity and size. Economies of scale will also lower manufacturing and installation costs

Sealing mastic for service entries and ducts for H-type turbines. As a result, supply chains will become more competitive, while advances in technology will continue to make wind power more affordable. Building out existing wind farms will also become less expensive as construction costs and up-front expenses decline. Reductions in balance-of-plant costs on a per megawatt basis will become clear. These trends will expand, as H-type turbines go from pilot projects to full-scale deployment among all wind farms with an ample supply of near-ground winds. All of these things are not only doable, but practical in the short-term. From tax collectors to wind farm owners and operators to entrepreneurs, building out the understory of wind farms offers a windfall (pun intended) for everyone. Both public and private institutions can benefit from this new and profitable source of energy; benefits that are all the more important right now, as the industry continues to struggle with the economic challenges of COVID-19. We would be remiss if we were to delay this opportunity to deliver a new source of reliable, clean, inexpensive, and renewable energy. The good we can do is considerable. The winds of renewal are real, impressive, and accessible. For these reasons, we choose to champion a cause that is beneficial to all and harmful to none. We choose to seize the high ground by gathering the rewards nearer to the ground. We choose to direct our energy at harvesting near-ground winds.

Kevin Wolf is CEO and a cofounder of Wind Harvest, which designs turbines that can use highly energetic near-ground wind.

Denso USA, a subsidiary of Winn & Coales International, brings to the North American market a moldable fibrous mastic called Densoseal 16A, that is based on polybutene, mineral fillers, organic fibers, and water displacing materials. Developed in the UK in 1984, it is suitable for sealing cable ducts, conduits, and service entry pipes or sleeves particularly below ground level to prevent the entry of gas or water into buildings. It may also be used for profiling mechanical joints on high temperature pipes to allow application of tapes.

Denso North America, Inc. ///




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North American Clean Energy


wind power

Port of Opportunity

Lake Charles, anchor of oil-and-gas country, also helps advance renewable energy in America by Brett Downer

Wind turbine blades are a major cargo at the Port of Lake Charles, which handles the components after they enter Louisiana’s coast from the Gulf of Mexico and head up the Calcasieu Ship Channel. After a long tradition of serving as a national oil-and-gas corridor, Louisiana’s Port of Lake Charles has taken on a new role: serving America’s power-generation future. The biggest change? The arrival of huge new cargo items that can make even the more seasoned longshore workers stop and stare. They are, of course, the giant blades needed to power the wind turbines for one of the nation’s booming renewable power sources: wind energy. It’s an item that many ports aren’t able to move, yet the Port of Lake Charles now handles shipments of these blades with growing regularity. It’s the latest example of how Lake Charles can handle cargo that’s beyond the capabilities of other ports. The Port of Lake Charles now handles more than 900 blades annually. Last year, it added tower components — three sections, 80 tons each, that are assembled into towers upon reaching their destination. It’s a swift evolution from handling 591 blades in the inaugural year in 2019. It’s also testament to the ability to grow wind turbine business even in a crisis. Louisiana was hit by Hurricane Laura, its strongest storm in 150 years, and Lake Charles took a direct hit. The Port of Charles sustained multimillion-dollar damage, yet resumed operations, including the handling of blades, within a week of the storm.

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Wind turbine blades arriving at the Port of Lake Charles measure 144 feet long and weigh about 11 tons each. The sizes vary, but they’re all massive — so they require considerable space for handling when they arrive at the Port. Once dockside, the blades are carefully unloaded at the port’s City Docks, where general breakbulk cargo is handled. The handling of the blades shows how the port moves cargoes that have ever-more-specialized shipping demands. For example, one recent load of blades was shipped out by Port Rail (the on-site short line railroad) after arriving at Berth 2 of the City Docks. For each load, the blades are placed on special double-length rail cars for delivery (think of big-city buses that flex in the middle to handle turns). From there, they are carefully moved by train or truck to destinations inland. One destination of these blades was a wind farm in Iowa, a state which generates 40 percent of its power from wind — the highest rate in the nation. Other blades went to Texas, which currently leads the U.S. in wind-power capacity. Once delivered, the blades are assembled onto a power generator atop a steel tower which reaches nearly half the height of the Eiffel Tower. These towering, powergenerating machines increasingly dot the landscape of the American homeland. The unusually large components are also a frequent and eye-catching sight by motorists in Lake Charles during local commutes that intersect the rail route.


Modular gearbox platform

SHIFT 3k and SHIFT 7k are developed as an important extension to SHIFT 4k and SHIFT 6k. Together, these four modular gearbox platforms support customers to maximize output at every wind site. Where the SHIFT 7k variant with maximal torque up to 8000 kNm addresses the high power, high output onshore segments as well as dedicated offshore markets, the SHIFT 3k variant is specifically designed to cover the demand in view of low to very low wind sites to boost annual energy production while reducing levelized cost of energy. With this wide torque range of 3000 kNm up to 8000 kNm, SHIFT gearbox platforms enable cost-efficient turbine designs for all markets with wind power density starting from 125 W/m2 up to 500 W/m2.

ZF Wind Power ///

Don’t be let down by a lift.

Looking Ahead

The Port's future-minded capabilities for handling specialty breakbulk and project cargoes continue to gain local, national, and global attention. Nicknamed “America’s Energy Corridor,” the Calcasieu Ship Channel at Lake Charles boasts a nearly century-long history, during which it has served the lumber, rice, petrochemical, and LNG industries. It continues serving these sectors, along with the additional capacity to handle the specialized equipment necessary to expand wind power across the country. Renewable energy is a new and major area of growth for the facility. Part of a $200 million capital improvement plan spanning five years, the demolition of two antiquated warehouses, and the expansion of a rail yard to its City Docks facilities in 2018, the Port of Lake Charles is currently able to accept the leviathan components and blades that America’s wind industry demands. This year, the Port of Lake Charles will handle even larger blades and tower components. This growth bodes well for a port that’s a fixture in America’s traditional oilpatch, and a renewed gateway to its greener energy future.

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Brett Downer is former editor of the Lake Charles American Press and editor at Newsradio 740 KTRH of Houston.

Port of Lake Charles ///

North American Clean Energy


wind power

The Special Cabling Challenges of Floating Offshore Wind Farms by Maxime Toulotte


recognized globally as an increasingly popular source of cost-effective and dependable renewable energy. In the United States, while turbines have already started to generate 30 MW from the strong winds off the east coast, additional legislation - in line with state carbon emission mandates - will bring this to a total of 25 GW within the next decade. Current offshore wind farm technology is limited to regions that have strong and steady winds with extended outer continental shelves, such as the eastern seaboard. For these projects, fixed-foundation offshore wind turbines arrays are anchored to the sea floor (around 150- to 200-feet deep). The power generated by the turbines flows through buried medium voltage submarine cables (called array or inter-array cables), to one or more offshore substations. From there, the pooled green energy is sent to shore via high voltage ‘export’ power cables. For offshore wind farms in less hospitable environments, such as where the ocean floor drops steeply close to shore and/or the required strong wind is very distant, an alternative approach is required. Enter “floating” wind farms. This technology involves wind turbines and offshore substations that are not bottom-fixed to the ocean floor, but rather placed on floating structures that are anchored to the seabed. The good news is that the development of floating offshore wind farms in the U.S., like that for fixedfoundation offshore wind, will benefit greatly from projects already underway in UK, Portugal, Norway, Spain, and Japan.

Advanced Dynamic Cables

Exporting energy from floating offshore wind farms requires the development of a new generation of export cables - the unseen, yet indispensable vehicles for the delivery of energy to shore. Unlike those for bottom-fixed offshore wind farms, these cables will be subject to additional variables such as hydrodynamic effects induced by waves and currents, the movements of the floating platforms in relation to the bottom of the ocean, and the effect of their own weight. So far, the needs have been met with dynamic cables rated at 34.5kV and 66kV using wet insulation designs that are similar to array



cables and other elements used in umbilicals for the oil and gas industry. However, these designs will not work for the export cables needed for utility scale, floating offshore wind farms, will need to carry far more power at a much higher voltage. The mechanical strength and fatigue property requirements for large floating wind farm cables far exceed those for export cables used with bottom-fixed offshore wind farms. One challenge lies in the use of lead sheaths. While they protect the export cables’ insulation from humidity and water penetration, they have limited metal fatigue properties when subject to constant movements. Another challenge for floating wind farm export cables is their weight. For a given weight per foot, the cable will break beyond a certain depth at the point where it is hanging. Different technological improvements are being developed for extending the range of the wet insulation design to the 115kV voltage class. Researchers are also working on finding ways to create water barriers (such as using alternative metallic alloy foil between the cables’ insulation and the jacket for higher voltage classes).

The (Very Near) Future of Floating Offshore Wind

The Carbon Trust (2020) reported that the global aspiration for floating wind could reach 10.7 GW by 2030, and up to 34 GW by 2035. This assumes that favorable policies in key floating markets (including the U.S.) will enable the transition to additional commercial-scale projects. In addition, it is widely believed among wind industry experts that the cost difference between bottom-fixed and floating offshore wind farms will become negligible in the coming years, thus eliminating a major hurdle. With the technologies rapidly evolving, floating offshore wind farms will become economically and logistically viable. This in turn should unlock their market potential, and help countries around the world realize a cost-effective and carbon-neutral way to solve their growing energy needs.

Maxime Toulotte is Nexans’ Head of Technical Marketing for its Subsea and Land Systems Business Group.

Nexans /// Whatever the solution, it would have to work over long distances and remain sturdy and flexible enough not to break under the stress of constant movement. OEM engineers will need to understand and predict the lifetime of the different cable components, considering operational loading and environmental conditions. Testing and modeling will be necessary to account for fatigue, corrosion, and delamination, as well as to identify the materials that can bypass common failure scenarios. The next innovation in HV submarine cable technology will require a holistic engineering approach, as any structural changes to known designs will affect other properties of the cable system. The opportunities to develop offshore wind farms has reached U.S. shores, and momentum among the states will continue to grow as Americans become accustomed to seeing turbines off their coasts - and appreciate the clean energy benefits they provide. In the not so distant future, floating offshore wind farms will become part of the equation.







North American Clean Energy


wind power

Canada’s New Wind Turbine Database by Ryan Kilpatrick and Thomas Levy

Canada has just released a wind energy database that will improve access to centralized, credible and publicly available energy data in Canada. The Canadian Wind Turbine Database (CWTDB)1 contains the locations of Canada’s approximately 6,500 wind turbines, including key data for researchers. The role of data in clean energy technology advancement

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Data is the currency of the digital age. While this may sound like a cliché, the fact is that high quality and reliable data is universally valued in the 21st century. Renewable energy, including wind, is a key pillar in Canada’s transition to low-carbon energy systems and meeting its greenhouse gas reduction targets.2 More research is needed, however, to fuel the innovation necessary to achieve these goals. This may come in the form of developing new energy generation and storage technologies, deploying existing technologies and integrating them into power systems, or determining how to minimize negative ecological impacts. Underpinning all of this research and development is accurate, granular, and accessible data. Open-access data is invaluable to the research community – it enables transparency and repeatability, and leads to improved credibility and relevance of research findings. For example, grid integration studies such as the Pan-Canadian Wind Integration Study (PCWIS)3 and North American Renewable Integration Study (NARIS)4, rely on granular electricity data. When studies of this magnitude (involving large-scale models of electricity systems) significant effort and cost is devoted to building synthetic high-frequency datasets that serve as a proxy in the absence of actual load and generator production data. This prodigious effort could be minimized - or even avoided - through comprehensive and publicly available national electricity datasets.

Adding to Canada’s energy data landscape

The Government of Canada’s Directive on Open Government5 seeks to ensure that open data and open information is released in accessible and reusable formats. Canada has a long and distinguished history of making data accessible for its citizens, whether through Statistics Canada6, the Canada Energy Regulator7 (formerly the National Energy Board), or the expansive Open Maps8 platform. More recently, the Government of Canada has launched the Canadian Centre for Energy Information (CCEI)9, which aims to provide “a convenient one-stop virtual shop for independent and trusted information on energy in Canada.” The CCEI provides insight into “all things energy-related, including production, consumption, international trade and much more.” The new Canadian Wind Turbine Database continues Canada’s longstanding tradition of sharing information for the greater good.

A single, national-scale wind energy location dataset

In June 2020, Natural Resources Canada, together with the University of Alberta, released the CWTDB10. This extensive database can be found on the Government of Canada’s Open Government portal11, and provides static information on individual wind turbine

Find out more:

Night when you don’t Radar-Activated Obstruction Lighting


Figure 1: Wind turbines on Canada's west (left) and east (right) coasts. The Canadian Wind Turbine Database provides data on commercial wind turbines in Canada from coast to coast.


Wireless monitoring of tension in critical joints

Figure 2: The new CWTDB includes an interactive map of over 6,500 wind turbines and data such as coordinates, capacity, model, manufacturer, hub height, rotor diameter, and commissioning date. generators across the country. The CWTDB is the first comprehensive openaccess database for wind turbines across Canada, and follows similar efforts by other jurisdictions, including the United States, which released the U.S. Wind Turbine Database12 in 2018. The CWTDB is the result of a collaborative effort between CanmetENERGY Ottawa and the University of Alberta’s Centre for Applied Business Research in Energy and the Environment (CABREE)13. Key features of the new CWTDB include an interactive map14 of more than 6,500 individual wind turbines in Canada. The map lists their coordinates as well as key specifications including capacity, model, manufacturer, hub height, rotor diameter, and commissioning date. The database will continue to expand as it’s updated at least annually to reflect the construction of new wind farms. Centralizing information on individual wind turbines allows users to do research and modeling from an energy, environmental or economic perspective. The database can support R&D in sectors including natural resources, agriculture, and health. It is an example of CanmetENERGY Ottawa’s ongoing efforts to provide information to Canadians on clean energy, help integrate renewable energy into Canada’s provincial electrical grids, and address barriers to a wider deployment of renewable energy.

1 2 services/environmental-indicators/progress-towardscanada-greenhouse-gas-emissions-reduction-target.html 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14

Valley Forge & Bolt’s RTM (Remote Tension Monitoring) series of meters, the UHF Band RTM Meter, is a wireless bolt monitoring system. The UHF Band RTM Meter operates in 433/868/915 MHz frequencies, which includes the industrial, scientific, and medical (ISM) frequency. This wireless sensor detects and collects the tension level in a bolted joint as read by the company’s SPC4 fastener, and then relays the data to a facility’s condition monitoring/SCADA system. Users can also program the sensor to take measurements at prescribed intervals and send alerts if a bolted joint falls out of chosen tension parameters. The meter facilitates close monitoring of new fasteners during and immediately after install. In the long term, all bolts can be set to broadcast alerts when a chosen tension threshold is crossed. Managers can also program alert windows during “interest” periods, such as times of suspected greater vibration in a process, to gauge how fasteners are reacting. With a web-based user interface, users can change parameters for each wireless sensor remotely. In addition, the UHF band attribute will improve battery life and enable increased distance from the probe to the collection device. SPC4 fasteners make it possible to measure the actual tension from within a fastener, providing real-time knowledge of critical joint tension and performance from installation through fastener life. A variety of sensors and meters are available to read, display, and relay this tension information.

Valley Forge & Bolt Mfg. Co. ///

Ryan Kilpatrick is a Research Engineer and Thomas Levy is a Senior Wind Energy Engineer at CanmetENERGY Ottawa. For more information and updates on the Canadian Wind Turbine Database, please contact Natural Resources Canada’s CanmetENERGY Ottawa Business Office.

CanmetENERGY ///

North American Clean Energy


wind power

Energy Lifeline Transmission

Why transmission is the backbone of our renewable energy revolution by Jonathan Marmillo


Composite Tooling for Windmill Blades


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them for miles. From high above, they look like a row of stitches. At a single upstate New York wind farm, there are dozens of wind turbines spanning thousands of acres. Atop a 500-foot tower, massive 144-foot blades turn, fitted on a huge hub turning a generator in a box the size of a city bus, weighing 60 tons. On a good day, they each produce enough electricity to power 3000 average homes. Yet few Americans ever get a glimpse of these massive engineering marvels. Wind turbines are typically located far from population centers—in this case, 300 miles from New York City, hungry for power for its 8.3 million citizens and their millions of lights, TVs, air conditioners, appliances, industrial machines, phones, PCs, and electronic devices. There’s only one way to get all this wind energy into the five boroughs: high-voltage transmission lines that stretch across the landscape, held aloft by 150-ft towers. There are more than 200,000 miles of these lines across the country. Not only is this a remarkable planning achievement, it also happens to be the “backbone” of the grid, the largest machine on earth. Unfortunately, this base of our infrastructure is showing its age: many parts of it are 50 years old or more. A reliable and adaptable electric grid can be the difference between a comfortable life or living in the middle ages. To wit: On a hot afternoon in August 2003, traffic lights and Broadway theaters went dark, air conditioners died, and crowded elevators and subway cars jerked to a halt, trapping their inhabitants inside across the nation’s largest city. Yet, nothing had happened in New York City to cause this. In fact, a hundred miles away in Ohio, overloaded high-voltage power lines sagged onto tree branches, and (compounded by operator errors and software failures) cascaded into a blackout that ran north to Ontario, Michigan, and Massachusetts; south to Maryland; and east to Connecticut. By the time it was restored, tens of millions of people had been seriously inconvenienced, many were put in actual danger, and hundreds of millions of dollars in economic value had simply evaporated. Moving power from generating stations to its consumers is no simple task; it is limited by several factors, including transmission line stability and the line’s thermal limits. When the amount of power flowing on the line reaches that limit, the line is said


to be “congested”. Then the system operator – in this case the PJM Regional Transmission Operator in the mid-Atlantic - must manage that congestion by one or more steps: They must take specific sources and amounts of generation offline (called “curtailment”); turn on more conveniently located but more expensive sources of generation (called “redispatch”); reroute power to other lines by switching; or shedding load (brownouts or blackouts) In other words, the capacity and flexibility of transmission lines are paramount to a reliable and efficient grid. Going forward, this becomes even more important. Utility-scale terrestrial wind farms, offshore wind parks, and solar resources are increasingly added to the grid’s energy supply. More distributed energy resources including home, commercial and community solar will come online. Electric vehicles and their charging stations will continue to proliferate. In many places, the system is already stretched to capacity. One wind company CEO sums up the concerns of renewables operators like this: “For wind farm owners with neighboring projects, windy days can be

a mixed blessing: ‘great, your wind farm is producing more energy’; but bad because the line is congested and can’t transmit all the energy from the competing wind farms. Any solution that can alleviate the transmission constraint could be money in the pockets of the project owners.” Why don’t we just build more transmission lines? This might seem to be a simple answer, and new lines are needed. But these can take years to build, and require an elaborate (and lengthy) series of studies, permits, and approvals by both federal and state regulatory agencies. The costs can be enormous, and are often borne by consumers in the places where they’re built. And, as crazy as it may sound, some won’t be built at all due to community opposition, or NIMBY (“Not In My Back Yard”). Fortunately, there are solutions that don’t require complex, expensive, time consuming—and unlikely— new construction. Existing sensor technologies are able to safely unlock up to an additional 40 percent capacity on the current system. This is done by moving from highly conservative static ratings, to Dynamic Line Ratings (DLR), which take advantage of sensor data on the actual capacity of the line. By deploying this grid-enhancing technology, not only can we utilize more of the existing renewable energy sources, but we can look to reduce the need, time required, or cost to construct network upgrades that may have been specified as prerequisites to interconnect new sources of renewable generation. In addition to increased capacity, these technologies offer other important benefits like Asset Health Monitoring. This type of monitoring checks and evaluates the overall condition of transmission lines, helps identify problems before they occur, and improves the utility’s ability to forecast when maintenance or replacement is required. Think of it as preventative healthcare for the grid. A Situational Awareness system that monitors and alerts for specific behavior of conductors

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like icing, side to side swaying, excess sagging, or “galloping” in the wind (which can result in conductors touching each other or touching tree branches, literally energizing the tree and - in all cases - taking the circuit offline, and putting safety at risk). These systems are non-invasive and non-contact, meaning that they can be installed and operated without taking the lines out of service. It really works. One recent system installation on transmission lines in the southwest United States revealed that there was often additional capacity available above the static rating when the line was experiencing congestion. An analysis by the grid operator SPP showed that the congestion was unnecessary, and the line could operate safely while carrying additional current. During the following four months of monitoring, the Dynamic Line Rating showed that, for 99.9 percent of the time, there was additional capacity above the line’s static rating. Every day we rely on our power grid to be there for us. With each new technology we develop, we place an increasing burden on that grid. It’s more important than ever that we take full advantage of its capacity and resiliency with advanced transmission technologies like Dynamic Line Ratings, so we can keep moving toward a cleaner energy economy (while still keeping the lights on).

Jonathan Marmillo is Co-Founder and VP of Product Management for LineVision, which offers electric utilities tools to manage renewable energy growth, aging infrastructure, and safety risks from extreme weather.

FallTech’s new website caters to the visitor's experience. They will find multiple pathways to locate the products that are of the most interest. The in-site search functionality includes natural language search, semantic search, smart navigation, and user-generated organic landing pages. Guests have filtering options throughout each product section tailored for every fall protection product category. Training and Education invite visitors to learn, register, and receive training about the best practices in fall protection. It provides both access to registration for Competent Person Training, fall protection training videos, and timely and relevant articles to browse on topics such as Leading Edge and the differences between ANSI and OSHA standards and compliance. Locate provides access to Falltech Distributors, Repair Centers, and FallTech’s Regional Sales Managers who are fall protection experts. Our Story offers a view into the history of the company’s evolution dating back to its founding in 1991 until the current day.

FallTech ///

LineVision ///

M A K E A L L T H E R I G H T M OV E S . F U L L S E R V I C E T R A N S P O R T F O R P R OJ E C T S O F A N Y S I Z E .


North American Clean Energy


wind power


Ready to thrive in transition to clean energy by Pierre Conner

During the final presidential debate in October, former Vice President Joe Biden ignited a storm of controversy when he called for the U.S. to transition away from oil and gas to clean energy sources. Given the large role oil and gas plays in Louisiana’s economy, many people here reacted with alarm, fearing that a Biden administration would hasten the demise of an industry that’s been almost synonymous with the state for over 100 years. As with most political rhetoric, however, the noise tended to drown out the underlying truth: Louisiana has been anticipating and preparing for the transition to clean energy for a number of years now, and the shift could actually end up benefitting the state in the long run. In fact, thanks in large part to the infrastructure built to support oil and gas, Louisiana is uniquely well positioned to move from strength to strength in energy production during the transition to lower carbon sources and uses. Louisiana’s history as an innovator in oil and gas development goes back many years. The nation’s first oil well out of sight from land was drilled in Louisiana’s Ship Shoal area in 1947, and the offshore oil industry took off from there. Exploiting its location on the Gulf of Mexico and at the mouth of the Mississippi River, Louisiana leveraged that geographical advantage by developing ports, an extensive pipeline network, and a highly skilled workforce. At the same time, independent companies developed a host of offshore support services - everything from construction and transportation to industrial operations and maintenance. Over the next several decades, Louisiana pushed those technologies around the world, exporting innovations that were developed in the bayous of South Louisiana, all the way to Europe, Africa, and Asia.



Although Louisiana is not currently leading the charge on renewable energy, its history of innovation in oil and gas suggests it has the potential to climb the ranks. Significantly, the state has already begun to actively prepare for the transition to clean energy. In August 2020, Louisiana Gov. John Bel Edwards established the Climate Initiatives Task Force to investigate strategies to reduce Louisiana’s greenhouse gas footprint by 26 to 28 percent by 2025, all the way to net zero by 2050. A cross section of the state will be represented on the task force and related advisory groups and committees, assisted by Tulane University. As we see it, there are multiple pathways for making progress in decarbonization in the state, including carbon sequestration, decarbonization of industrial processes, integration to a hydrogen economy, and acting as a focal point for the development of offshore wind power in the Gulf of Mexico. CO2 emissions in Louisiana are relatively concentrated compared to other locations, because its industrial footprint tends to emit high purity CO2 from point sources (as opposed to distributed emissions such as in transportation). One solution this lends itself to is carbon sequestration. A study by our partners at Louisiana State University points out that Louisiana has a “Saudi Arabia” of pore space, and can leverage its onshore and nearshore depleted hydrocarbon reservoirs to accept CO2 emissions for permanent storage. The concentrated point source discharge of CO2 also contributes to the “U” of CCUS. There are initiatives under consideration already, but we envision the leveraging of longestablished chemical processes to utilize this CO2 in a positive way. For example, the Sabatier reaction can be used to methanize green hydrogen with point source CO2 emissions that would have otherwise been discharged, to create net carbon neutral methane. Green methane can be used for local power generation, and is well suited to mesh with intermittent generation of wind or solar PV electric power. Additional well-established chemical processes can tie up CO2 into stable compounds for other uses as well. Due to its position on the Gulf of Mexico and ready access to the Mississippi River’s cost-effective transportation system, Louisiana has become the nexus of the vast network of pipelines for both import/export and hydrocarbon processing. The state can leverage this infrastructure to its advantage as it transitions to lower carbon

and commercial power demand as the East Coast, Louisiana still has significant industrial demand. Importantly, if wind power can be combined with the concepts of hydrogen production from renewable power, that would bode well for the future. With some forethought and adjustments, Louisiana has the oil and gas supply chain and infrastructure to support construction, installation, and operation of offshore wind from local shipyards, fab yards, bases, and ports. If Louisiana is to become a leader in clean industrial processes, and renewable and sustainable energy, the state will need everyone involved to help put the pieces of this puzzle together. The Tulane Energy Institute, within Tulane University’s A. B. Freeman School of Business, is committed to being a part of this transformation. We are currently working with industry partners across the spectrum of energy production, transportation, and consumption, to discover ways to make the changes needed and generate net positive business impacts. In addition, through curricular offerings such as our Master of Management in Energy (MME) program’s Specialization in Renewable and Sustainable Energy, we are preparing the next generation of energy business professionals to take on the challenges of clean energy generation. With a great deal of work and commitment, Louisiana has the potential to become a leader in clean energy.

Pierre Conner is a professor of practice in management science at Tulane University’s A. B. Freeman School of Business and executive director of the Tulane Energy Institute.

Tulane Energy Institute /// energy sources like biofuels and renewable fuels. A number of recently introduced initiatives will generate jobs, and provide low carbon transportation fuels. This infrastructure can also support storage and transportation of green hydrogen, green methane, or even “green” ammonia. And what about the power to run these processes? Recent Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) studies of the renewable energy potential and opportunity for wind power from the Gulf of Mexico, highlight some of the reasons why Louisiana could be a key player in generating electricity from wind. While not of the magnitude of the East Coast, the potential wind power of offshore Louisiana is still significant. Even though the Gulf Coast may not have as many centers of high residential

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North American Clean Energy


wind power

MRO Maintenance

The Industrial MRO Pro Tool Set comes with more than 500 tools specifically selected for the industrial maintenance, repair, and operation industries. Snap-on Industrial teamed up with MRO industry professionals to design this all-in-one set, which includes the tools a professional technician needs to perform their work safely and efficiently. The set includes a variety of hand, power, structure, torque, inspection and safety tools including ratchets, wrenches, Flank Drive sockets, flex sockets, pliers, reversible wire twisters, impact ratchets, and drills. All the tools are housed in an Algona, Iowamanufactured 54" 11-Drawer DoubleBank Master Series Roll Cab, which comes with foam cutouts for tools for visual tool control, an added to safety feature provided by this set. The roll cab’s extra-wide drawers feature four bottom stiffeners to support a full load of tools without sagging. Sets can be ordered with access control to provide the roll cab with a higher level of security.

Snap-on Industrial ///

Less weight, low collapsed height, fast retraction

The new Enerpac RARH series of cylinders are designed for challenging projects and include tough aluminum construction which provides a low weight solution. Performance and durability are not compromised by their reduced weight, with each cylinder meeting ASME B30.1 standard and incorporating a built-in safety valve to prevent over-pressurization. Getting the cylinders into position and into smaller spaces is assisted by the integral handles on each model and their lower collapsed height. The RARH cylinders are doubleacting, which means heavy loads can be lifted and lowered with precise control. A double-acting cylinder outputs force both in and out, creating a high control level for the retraction that is reliable, fast, and easy to control. The cylinder can be retracted efficiently. Available now are 30 and 60 tonnage cylinders (each available with a stroke choice of 50, 150, and 250mm [1.97", 5.91”, and 9.84") with more models coming soon.

Enerpac ///

Powerful onshore wind turbine

GE Renewable Energy has introduced the 6.0-164 version of its powerful Cypress onshore wind turbine platform. The 6.0164 turbine will increase Annual Energy Production (AEP) by up to 11% over the 5.3-158 model. Like the other products in the Cypress platform, the 6.0-164 features a proprietary two-piece blade that improves logistics and drives costs down. Each 6.0-164 turbine will produce enough electricity to power approximately 5800 households. The 6.0-164 is the most recent model announced in the Cypress platform, which also includes 5.5-158, 5.3-158, and 4.8-158 turbines. The Cypress platform advances the proven technology of GE's 2MW and 3MW fleets which serve an installed base of more than 20GW. The platform covers multiple wind classes enabling significant AEP improvements, increased efficiency in service ability, improved logistics, and siting potential, and ultimately delivering more value for customers. The new model is designed with services in mind, facilitating uptower repairs and featuring conditionbased predictive services that will improve return-to-service and uptime, while lowering lifecycle costs.

GE Renewable Energy ///

Circuit breaker for the renewable energy market

Siemens has introduced the type SDV-R non-arc-resistant and type SDV-R-AR arc-resistant medium-voltage outdoor distribution circuit breakers designed specifically for renewable energy applications, such as wind power generation. These newest members of the reliable Siemens SDV distribution circuit breaker family now provide fast switching to ground, ultimately saving money and space through an environmentally friendly solution. The integral fast-acting grounding switch, which is mechanically interlocked with the SDV-R circuit breakers, helps limit transient voltage excursions (inherent to collection systems) to very low levels during switching operations. This feature offers wind power producers an alternative to large, expensive grounding transformers with cable connections that take up significant space and pose environmental risks associated with oil leaks. To provide additional personal protection in the event of an internal arcing fault, the SDV-R-AR circuit breakers have been qualified to carry a type 2B accessibility rating in accordance with the latest ANSI/IEEE C37.20.7 standard. This is the same qualification approach implemented in the type SDV7AR circuit breakers for the purpose of providing enhanced personal protection.

Siemens Smart Infrastructure ///

Robotic automation of data cleaning optimizes wind park operations

SCADA International’s Robotic Data Intelligence is a patented new software solution that automatically cleans, organizes, and reports wind farm data. By doing so, the innovative software ensures the data enhancement that underlies operational optimization. The new software was designed to complement OneView SCADA software and its datacollection features. While OneView SCADA retrieves data and provides precise calculations of up- and downtime, production losses, and availability, Robotic Data Intelligence organizes and qualifies that data. And that makes it possible to dedicate more time on analysis and optimization and less on validation.

SCADA International ///



wind product spotlight: safety & fall protection equipment

Safety & Fall Protection Equipment

According to the National Safety Council, falls are one of the leading causes of deaths in the workplace. Perhaps more than any other type of workers out there, those who erect and maintain wind turbines are exposed to some of the most serious, and potentially fatal, fall hazards. With many turbines reaching heights of well over 100 feet tall, wind farms are only growing upwards in many cases, and exposure to high winds can make work at high elevations even more hazardous. Here we highlight some of the latest in safety and fall protection equipment—a must for the growing industry.



TeSuCon Technical Support & Consultancy Product: The Evacuator

Key Features:

Application: Fireproof collective escapes and emergency descent solution Description: Designed to save the lives of those working at altitudes ranging up to 984ft (300m), the Evacuator is a fast, simple, and easy-to-use (click and go) fireproof collective escape and emergency descent solution. Fireproof units are customized for each turbine model and can be installed inside or outside of the nacelle, onshore or offshore. Emergency descent is fully-automatic and mechanically controlled at a speed of 3.3ft/sec (1m/ sec), without use of electricity. Units are compact and easy to maintain.

Sterling Rope Company, Inc. Product: Raise and Rescue Elite Application: A pre-rigged mechanical advantage system designed for simple and efficient victim raising and multidirectional transfers. Description: When paired with the PDQ2 escape system, the Raise and Rescue Elite makes for a light, compact rescue package. The mechanical progress capture feature allows for secure raising and simple operation, and the mesh sleeve surrounding the 6mm cord prevents tangling during storage and deployment. Two wire anchor slings allow the rescuer to create an anchor around ladder supports or rails, or structural members, and the HollowBlock2 allows for rescue from fall protection lanyards or longer distance hauling with resets. Kit Components: Mini Haul System, 2 Wire Slings, 19” HollowBlock2, and 2 Osprey Autolock Carabiners.

• Fireproof units are 3182°F (1750°C) for 30 minutes or 2192°F (1200°C) for 90 minutes; • • Suitable for onshore or offshore applications; • • Certified in compliance with ANSI Z359, CSA Z259operation for increased safety.

Kong USA, LLC Product: BACK-UP ANSI Application: Fall arrester rope grab

Key Features: • Lightweight and easy to use;

Description: ANSI certified version of the BACK• Works on an 11mm lifeline; UP fall arrester. Safe and simple to use with only • Two modes: up/down and one hand. BACK-UP follows the operator in both positioning; directions and stops the possible falling. Shifting • Made in Italy. the button on lock mode, it can also be used as a positioning device or a normal locking device. BACK-UP supports strong stress in a semidynamic way, avoiding the shocking effects on the ropes caused by the traditional self-locking devices with toothed cams. Connector included.

3S Lift

Power Climber Wind

Hi-Line Utility Supply Co.

Product: TF-R Guide Rail Fall Protection System with SL-R60S Fall Arrester

Product: IBEX

Product: Hi-Grip Xtreme Glove Protectors

Application: Turbine climb assist

Application: Ladder climbing safety

Description: The IBEX climb assist from Power Climber Wind sets the standard for performance, safety, and ease of installation in any new or existing turbine. Its intelligent control system delivers a comfortable and responsive climb. Using a continuous closed feedback loop, the IBEX instantaneously adjusts to changes in climbing speed or direction, allowing for a safe, smooth, and confident climb. With more than 70 years of performing productively at height, Power Climber Wind designs products that, like IBEX, drive low total cost of ownership and user satisfaction.

Description: The Hi-Grip Xtreme glove protectors are now Arc rated to ASTM F2675 / F2675M-19 standards: Up to 28 cal/cm2 and ANSI cut-resistance Level 2 on the entire glove. The Hi-Grip Xtremes feature a full, silicone grip palm providing supreme control with a Kevlar underlay and Kevlar stitching for maximum strength seams. The secure straps have been upgraded to reinforced leather in addition to the all leather cuff. New sizes and mitt-style protectors are available with an improved thumb design that provides greater dexterity. They have been field tested for durability and include a wear guard on top of the hand for extra protection.

Description: Made from high-strength aluminum alloy that is resistant to acid, alkali, and corrosion, the 3S Lift Guide Rail Fall Protection System TF-R is suitable even for harsh conditions. The Fall Arrester SL-R60S runs smoothly along the ladder-mounted safety guide rail and engages automatically in the event of a fall. To dampen the impact when falling, it features two energy absorbers. Equipped with a secondary locking mechanism in addition to the primary one, the SL-R60S provides an added level of safety. The intuitive anti-inversion design of the Fall Arrester only allows installation in one direction, preventing operator error. The TR-F and SL-R60S comply with ANSI and CAN/CSA standards.

North American Clean Energy


wind product spotlight: safety & fall protection equipment


Application: Ladder Climbing Safety Description: The new SKYLOTEC CLAW vertical fall arrest cable sleeve is designed to fit 3/8" and 5/16" diameter wire rope and travels smoothly up and down while providing fall arrest when needed. Weighing only 2.2lbs, the stainless steel CLAW is durable and incorporates redundant safety features reducing the risk of improper installation. The CLAW is independently tested to meet ANSI Z359.16, ANSI A14.3-08, CSA 2259.2.5-17, and OSHA requirements.

Motion Industries

Product: Checkmate Xplorer Safety Harness

Product: Delta Harness from 3M

Application: Fall protection

Application: Designed for wind turbine construction and maintenance

Description: Checkmate Xplorer harness has curved webbing for a close fit and innovative sub-pelvic assembly for ultimate support and comfort. Visual alert stitching aids in correct wear and limited slip dorsal D-ring stays in place after multiple loadings. Large front ring for multiple attachments, lightweight aluminum quick-connect buckle for safe final connection.


Pure Safety Group (PSG)

Key Features: • Smooth travel up and down the vertical system;

Description: Delta full body harnesses feature coated, corrosion-resistant hardware, water-repellant, and abrasion-resistant webbing. A triangular design gives Delta harnesses a shape of their own, so they can be donned quickly and easily. The Delta pad also incorporates a web spreading design, positioning webbing wider apart on shoulder straps to eliminate neck abrasion.

• Replaceable shock absorbing pack; • Anti-gravity locking system; • Combinable with all types of chest D-rings; • Two handed operation for increased safety.

Blåkläder LLC Product: 3492 FR Hoodie Application: FR garments for the renewable energy sector

Description: Blåkläder FR garments are designed for protection and comfort. Their materials are bonded with strong seams to give wearers high grade FR products. These garments are all tested and compliant with NFPA 70E and CAT2 certifications so wearers can work with comfort and confidence.

Petzl America

Skysaver Rescue, Ltd.

Product: VOLT Harness

Product: IIE Portable Kit – Incapacitated Injured Evacuation Kit

Application: Fall arrest, work positioning, and work inside wind turbine towers

Application: Evacuation of injured or incapacitated workers

Description: VOLT harnesses are easy to put on with the FAST LT automatic buckles. A wide, semi-rigid waistbelt provides excellent support. The VOLT WIND harnesses have dorsal wear protectors to reduce wear on the straps when moving inside a turbine tower. The new harness line is available March 2020.

Description: A single worker, equipped with a SkySaver IIE Portable Kit, can help lower the injured or incapacitated worker to safety. The easy-to-use SkySaver IIE Portable Kit, which includes a controlled descent device (CDD), portable anchoring accessories, and an ergonomically designed harness, is built to evacuate workers as high as 80m above ground level, within three minutes.

Pyramex Safety Product: Pyramex RPB36 Series Jacket Application: Hi-vis workwear for cold weather Description: The waterproof outer parka has a Teflon rip-stop shell and a quilted lining as well as seven external pockets and five internal pockets. The outer parka has all heat-sealed seams, elastic bands at the wrists, a concealed detachable hood with a drawstring and slack adjustment, and a dual zipper front closure with a hook and loop storm flap. The inner jacket is constructed of fleece, has elastic bands at the wrists as well as a drawstring around the waist for added warmth. The RPB36 Series jacket meets ANSI Type R, Class 3 safety standards and its outer shell is AATCC 127 Waterproof.

The EvacuatorTM • • • • • • • •

Evacuate within 10 seconds Fast & simple; just click & go Compact & affordable Fireproof, 3182 °F for 30 minutes Fully automatic, no electricity required 1m/sec controlled descent Pre-installed or retrofitted Max weight per cable is 621 lbs ( 2 cables in each Evacuator) • ANSI Z359, CSA Z259

Contact us:


JANUARY • FEBRUARY2021 /// T: 519 -885-9021

THRIVE Workwear Product: THRIVE Workwear - apparel Application: Wind Industry/FR Apparel Description: Thrive Workwear's protective work apparel has been providing solutions to the wind industry for over 10 years. Their lineup of clothing includes Flame Resistant work pants, FR work shirts, FR base layers, and FR outerwear designed specifically for wind technicians and construction workers. Their work pants feature full-time knee protection built-in with patented SQUISH pad technology.

wind spotlight: training


The International Marine Contractors Association (IMCA) Training program: Basic Safety Training Requirements for Personnel Employed in the Offshore Renewable Energy Sector (IMCA C 018) Classroom/Online/Onsite: Basic Training Document Course description: This training document provides standard basic safety training requirements for inclusion at contract awards stage covering those employed on-board vessels during the construction and maintenance support phases of offshore renewable energy projects. The new guidance document incorporates an invaluable matrix to aid clarity for the sector.

The wind energy industry is developing more projects than ever and needs a skilled and qualified workforce to produce America’s clean wind power. Workers and technicians may need specialized training to succeed and advance in their careers. Check out some of the training opportunities, professional certifications, workshops, and events offered across the country and online.

Bishop Lifting Products

TEAM-1 Academy Inc.

Training program: Sling and Rigging Hardware Inspection and Lifting

Training Program: GWO Working at Heights/ Advanced Rescue Techniques

Hours: Augmented Reality (AR) training app for mobile devices

Hours: 16 - 24 hours

Classroom/Online/Onsite: Mobile training app Course description: The AR simulator offers interactive safety inspection training on both individual pieces of rigging equipment and on proper use and attachment of rigging to various load types. In one of the four scenarios, trainees walk around a life-size digital rack loaded with more than 2000lbs of rigging equipment, and they must identify the 40 flaws that could cause an accident. In another scenario, trainees inspect previously assembled rigging attached to a load before giving their sign-off for lifting.

Classroom/Online: At the TEAM-1 Academy Training Center, or on-site Number of Participants: 4 per instructor Certifications: GWO Course Description: This course is recognized worldwide as the benchmark for Wind Safety Training. TEAM-1 Academy provides safety and rescue training in North America.

Abaris Training Resources, Inc.

Nouvelle Hauteur | New Heights


Training program: Composite Windblade Repair (Basic and Advanced)

Training program: GWO | Working at Heights | SPRAT | First Aid | Wind Turbine Rescue

Training program: HYTORC Bolting Institute (HBI)

Hours: 36 hours each

Hours: 8 - 40 hours depending on course

Classroom/Online/Onsite: Mahwah, NJ

Classroom/Online/Onsite: Classroom and workshop, at Abaris’ facility or client’s

Classroom/Online/Onsite: On-site, client site

Number of participants: 10 - 20 per class

Number of participants: 12

Number of participants: 6 - 12 depending on course

Certifications: OSHA

Certifications: Abaris Certificate (Qualifies student for ACMA Certification)

Certifications: GWO, SPRAT 1, 2, and 3, Working at Heights, WAH Ontario

Course description: Two courses; basic (R-5) and advanced (R-15) composite windblade repair. Designed for field technicians, inspectors, supervisors, and others responsible for performing structural repairs to blades and nacelles. Students are challenged with progressively more complex repair scenarios from skin and core repairs in the basic course to tips and carbon spar repairs in the advanced course. Adapting aerospace methods and techniques, they teach students how to regain structural fiber axial loads through the damaged area while maintaining a critical aerodynamic surface. The R-5 basic course is a prerequisite to the R-15 advanced course.

Course description: With over 30 years of safety experience, Nouvelle Hauteur offers an extensive suite of courses for workers in the wind energy industry. As a GWO-certified training provider, they teach wind industry best practices around safety, access, and rescue. They have a large indoor training center, with various towers and other structures designed to simulate environments that workers will encounter on the jobsite. They also provide their courses at client sites throughout Canada.

Hours: 8 hours per day of instruction

Course description: HBI's Safe Bolting Series classes focus on safety first and are designed for professionals engaged with the assembly of bolted joints including assemblers, operators, technicians, trainees, apprentices, journeymen, and supervisors. The classes will help the participant achieve a complete knowledge of the principles and best practices for assembling industrial bolted joints including the safe use of power tools and equipment.

North American Clean Energy


energy storage

A Professional Buyer's Guide to Dependable Energy Storage by Wes Kennedy


conversations among solar professionals and the energy industry for the last several years. As traditional rules of Net Energy Metering slowly fade, energy storage is poised to become one of the most critical components to any renewable energy project. Currently, rate structures surrounding the simple buy/sell meter are no longer optimized to provide customers with the most value for their solar generation. Utilities have started charging customers for the times that their production capacities are nearing its limits; for customers, these charges appear either as momentary peak demand charges or hour-long stretches, typically in the afternoon and evening, when energy is purchased at premium Time-of-Use (TOU) rates. Since solar PV generates energy in a bell curve (peaking at noon when energy is cheapest) energy storage is the best option moving forward that gives customers the control to sell those clean solar electrons back to the grid at a premium value. With more companies offering energy storage solutions, the market has been flooded with an array of battery products, each one more different than the last. The question on every installer’s mind is: Which product to choose? The right battery selection is critical, especially for customers who demand the best. This includes those relying on batteries to support their entire energy load, as well as customers who have been burned in the past by entrylevel products or lead acid, and are now looking for the most sophisticated technology. Cities prone to weather-related power outages, like those in California and Puerto Rico, require reliable products to supply clean drinking water and maintain business continuity. Given that the majority of end customers know little about the differences between the batteries available to them, installers are tasked with recommending the solution that best suits their individual needs. To find the right fit, there are three key factors to take into consideration: safety, performance, and flexibility.



Battery Safety

First and foremost, it is essential to compare the safety of each battery, starting with its chemistry. Not all batteries are equally safe; saving the customer money on their electricity bill or lowering their carbon footprint will be of little value if the battery system introduces hazards to their home and the environment. While lead acid batteries require outside ventilation to avoid flammable and smelly off-gassing, some lithium chemistries - notably nickel cobalt aluminum (NCA) and nickel manganese cobalt (NMC) - suffer from potential thermal runaway issues when any part of the system fails. Unfortunately, each of these traits runs the risk of starting fires. Lithium ion batteries are among the most popular for energy storage, due in large part to high energy density, but the makeup of these batteries can vary tremendously. Lithium iron phosphate (LFP), for example, has proven to be a thermally stable choice for installers. It is made with materials that are intrinsically safer than other lithium ion batteries, which can give the customer peace-of-mind knowing that, even in the event of a fire, the battery valves will open to relieve pressure at the cell level. LFP is also cobalt-free, an added benefit that not only eliminates the need for expensive materials but also avoids the harsh consequences of cobalt mining, including child labor, the inhalation of toxic fumes, and fatality.

Durability and Longevity

The financial payback of a solar PV system hinges on long, hassle-free system performance. Again, knowing that not all batteries are created equal, recognizing the differences between battery maintenance will enable solar installers to provide customers with products that offer the highest return on investment. Lead acid batteries typically require monthly maintenance and five-year

replacement cycles, while NCA and NMC batteries typically last 10 years between replacement cycles. However, even those with 10-year replacement cycles can be riddled with exceptions. For example, some manufacturers limit the average depth-of-discharge while others discourage fully charging the battery. As a result, the end customer pays for a capacity that they have no way of fully utilizing. Some battery manufacturers even have strict requirements regarding internet connectivity, in which case a lost signal results in loss of full warranty coverage. The best option is to look for warranties allowing a 100 percent depth-of-discharge, and a minimum 15-year performance guarantee.

The market for battery storage will undoubtedly expand over the coming years, particularly as technology progresses and renewable energy’s integration with the electrical grid becomes more complex. Though changes in battery solutions are also imminent, there are a few features that will never go out of style - safety and stability, durability and capability, and flexibility in design and future use. When it comes to choosing which battery products to bring into the homes and businesses of customers, following these simple guidelines will help to future-proof your projects.

Wes Kennedy is a System Engineering Specialist at Blue Planet Energy, which manufactures the Blue Ion battery systems. Blue Planet Energy's mission is to eliminate the use of carbon-based fuels, and power the world with clean, reliable, affordable energy.

Blue Planet Energy ///


Because each customer’s energy needs are unique, a one-size-fits-all approach to battery storage can leave many customers with a system that fails to meet their expectations. Flexibility, in regards to both scalability and inverter compatibility, is the third and final piece to selecting the premier battery in the market. Using a battery that works with a wide variety of inverters enables installers to choose inverter partners that work best within their Balance of Systems, and opens the installer up to building the most optimized system for their customer. As customer needs evolve over time, flexibility also becomes a priority. Customers who initially purchased 8 kWh or 16 kWh of storage capacity may end up doubling their energy consumption, requiring twice the amount of storage. Not only does the installer need a battery that can integrate seamlessly with the existing batteries, but new batteries must be installed with limited space to scale. In places like garages or basements, where square-footage is smaller, expanding system size without compromising its footprint can be a challenge. Luckily, there are low-profile and even stackable batteries. The best strategy is to start with a battery designed specifically for flexibility to make accommodating future changes much easier.

North American Clean Energy


energy storage

Preventing Thermal Runaway Before It Begins by Steve Cummings

Utility, industrial, commercial, and government facilities are increasingly turning to Battery Energy Storage Systems (BESSs) - in a variety of sizes and power outputs - for reliable back-up power. This market is expected to exceed more than US $9 billion by 2024, at a compound annual growth rate of 34 percent. Given the expected growth in this sector, coupled with the fact that most BESSs are designed by interconnecting a series of Lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries, the industry is continuing to focus attention on measures designed to practically eliminate any potential for dangerous thermal runaway conditions. Thermal runaway occurs when excess heat (caused by defects, mechanical failures from damage, or improper operation of the system) creates a reaction that further increases the temperature. If left unchecked by built-in system protections or a Battery Management System (BMS), this process continues to drive up temperature and pressure until the battery cell ruptures, which can spark fires in affected and adjacent cells. Fortunately, early detection systems have been developed that can now detect a unique pre-cursor event to thermal runaway: off-gassing in the battery cell that occurs up to 30 minutes prior to a cascading failure. This distinctive and recognizable early warning sign enables the problem to be mitigated - or the system shut down - before thermal runaway can even begin. Although virtually all quality BMS equipment monitors temperature and other variables to prevent thermal runaway by triggering protections, the early detection of off-gassing provides a critical additional layer of protection for the entire system, the facility, and even personnel.

Early detection

The early detection of thermal runaway relies on four sequential stages of Li-ion battery failure: 1. A Li-ion battery cell first begins to fail when it is subjected to an abuse factor like heat, overvoltage, etc., 2. The second stage is off-gassing 3. The third stage is smoke; 4. And the fourth stage is fire. But smoke and fire often occur simultaneously. In other words, by the time smoke is detected, thermal runaway has already begun. Off-gassing usually occurs due to a breakdown of a Li-ion battery cell electrolyte due to pressure buildup. Later, as temperature increases, smoke is emitted and fire breaks out. To enable off-gassing detection at the earliest stage of a battery event after the initial abuse, an early detection system offers a battery off-gas monitor and sensor network designed specifically for lithium ion batteries. Because the system can detect off-gassing at the ppm-level concentration range, it can recognize individual cell failures without contacting the cells; as soon as a single battery



cell begins to fail, the system can prevent thermal runaway and its spread to adjacent cells. The benefits of both Li-ion BESSs and Li-ion specific off-gas detection systems have prompted a growing number of facilities to install them together. Microgrids are small electrical systems that can operate both independently and together with the larger local electrical grid. They are being increasingly deployed at critical, nonmilitary facilities such as hospitals, fire stations, and airports to provide uninterrupted power during local electric utility outages. Last year, the U.S. Navy contracted out for the design and building of two transportable microgrid BESSs. The project was funded in part through the California Energy Commission’s Electric Program Investment Charge (EPIC) program, and the Department of Defense’s Environmental Security Technology Certification. In the Navy’s case, the microgrid will use solar energy. The BESS, along with Navy site generation, will provide emergency backup for blackout recovery, disaster recovery, and weather/fire/storm response. Each BESS is lithium-ion based and can deliver 250kW of power on demand. Both will go through testing at the Port Hueneme Naval Base in Ventura County, CA. Afterwards, they will then go through testing and operational use at a Naval Surface Warfare Center-Port Hueneme division data center in Southern California. Taking advantage of the latest in safety technology, a Navy-approved off-gas detection system will be built into the unit’s system supervisory controller as both a redundant safety solution and on-board fire protection/suppression system. A growing number of facilities are recognizing that, although a BMS can provide data and shut the BESS down, there are times when the BMS can miss critical indicators or malfunction. As a result, there is the need for a separate, redundant system that can indicate the potential for thermal runaway before it occurs so the BESS can be shut down to prevent it.

Steve Cummings is director of the sensors business unit at Nexceris, a developer of gas sensors and monitors. The company worked with the U.S. Navy a decade ago to develop an off-gassing detection technology for Li-ion BESSs that is compatible with all Li-ion chemistries.

Nexceris ///

North American Clean Energy


energy storage

Are Battery Metals the New Oil? by Ajay Kochhar


energy sources, or powering electric vehicles and personal electronics, lithium-ion (li-ion) batteries and their materials are fueling the world. The rising demand for the metals and materials that go into creating these Li-ion batteries is backed up by the numbers; demand is set to increase more than ten-fold by 2029. While this potential growth points towards a positive shift away from carbon-based energy sources, the proliferation of the lithium-ion batteries presents major social and environmental implications that cannot be ignored. Furthermore, when these batteries reach the end of their life, they can potentially be extremely dangerous, and at least as ‘unclean’ as oil. Therefore, careful consideration must be taken to ensure that one harmful resource is not being exchanged for another.


What exactly are the harmful implications of a li-ion battery dominant future? The most significant pitfall lies in the raw materials necessary for the production of these batteries. The primary materials used in li-ion batteries are lithium, cobalt, nickel, manganese, and graphite. Not only are these materials scattered throughout the

world, but they are heavily concentrated in countries where environmental and labor regulations are unclear or even non-existent, leaving the local populations vulnerable to exploitation and violence. The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) is a prime example of this. The DRC accounts for almost two-thirds of the world’s supply of cobalt; according to a United Nations report, the mining processes in this area have been identified as dangerous, and involve the exploitation of child labor. Regarding the environment, any type of mining for raw material can result in erosion, sinkholes, loss of biodiversity, soil, groundwater, and surface water contamination. Not to mention the release of harmful carbon emissions from the considerable amount of energy involved in the mining process. Unfortunately, the continual extraction of these resources for battery production could result in a zero-sum game when compared with the extraction of crude oil: The volume of materials needed to produce one liion battery for an electric vehicle is equal to the materials required to create 15,000 cell phone batteries. The demand for more and more electric vehicles - and the li-ion batteries that power them - is rising exponentially.

A Potential for Harm

Just like with oil, as the utilization of the li-ion technology increases, these batteries will play a growing and critical role across a broad spectrum of industries like energy, automotive, and other forms of mobility. From the surface, limiting the use of crude oil and assisting in the reduction of carbon emissions appears to be a good thing. However, this doesn’t take into account the increased potential for these batteries to cause harm in the event they malfunction or are destroyed in an accident. While li-ion batteries are generally considered to be safe and stable, as with any technology, there is always the possibility of a malfunction or damage. In the case of li-ion, that means the release of gasses and electrolytes such as hydrogen fluoride, phosphoryl fluoride, and other combustion byproducts and organic solvents. These chemicals can be corrosive, toxic, and even flammable, with the potential to cause lasting harm to human life.

End of Life

As with most batteries, once li-ion batteries begin to fail, they are discarded, treated as waste, and end up in dumpsites. While this seems like the logical step in disposing of any spent material, it also raises the question: are we simply trading out the carbon emissions from oil for solid waste? Unfortunately, with the increasing volume of li-ion batteries ending up in landfills, this appears to be the case. In fact, analysts have stated that the amount of lithium-ion batteries expected to be available for recycling will grow from approximately 150,000 tons per year in 2020, to over 3,700,000 tons per year in 2030. On a cumulative basis, this translates to over 15 million tons of lithium-ion batteries available



We should not forget the positive impact oil has had on the world’s development and forward progression. Now, as battery prices continue to fall, it makes sense that li-ion batteries - and the components that make them - are quickly becoming ‘the new oil.’ Before li-ion batteries completely take the reins in providing the worlds’ electricity needs, it’s up to innovators to optimize recycling processes, and ensure that batteries don’t leave the same legacy of environmental destruction and social unrest as their predecessor.

for recycling by 2030. China alone will generate approximately half a million metric tons of spent Li-ion batteries in 2020; by 2030, this figure is set to reach 2 million metric tons of Li-ion waste per year. In an attempt to curb the amount of materials ending up in landfills, li-ion batteries have been predominantly moved around the world for re-use, or partially recycled via thermal processing: spent batteries are incinerated, resulting in typical crude resource recovery rates between 40 and 50 percent, with key elements like lithium being completely volatilized. This energy-intensive method produces a significant amount of both solid and gas waste. Not only is this process unsustainable in the long-term, but it will do little to satiate the growing demand for new Li-ion batteries necessary to sustain the transition to renewable energy and carbon-free transportation. There is a gap between the promise of li-ion batteries as an environmentallyconscious solution to carbon-based energy, and the reality of the situation that has inspired a number of companies to innovate new methods to transform li-ion battery to be a truly circular and sustainable product. One such technique relies on a closedloop system, where spent batteries are sent to resource recovery centers where through a process of mechanical shredding and hydrometallurgical/ wet chemistry. This innovative process successfully recovers ≥95 percent of critical materials in li-ion batteries, returning these materials back to the supply chain. This method completely changes the way in which li-ion batteries are treated at the end of their life cycle, potentially alleviating many of the negative impacts of raw material mining and production. Additionally, this closed-loop resource recovery method removes the need for extensive resource mining, reduces the amount of waste released into the atmosphere or sent to landfill, minimizes the amount of global shipping needed to transport resources and other product components, and preserves deposits of finite natural resources. Essentially, the development of this resource recovery method means that Li-ion batteries no longer mirror big oil’s negative effects, and people no longer need to be concerned about the amount of waste, or negative social impacts their batteries are generating.

Ajay Kochhar is the Co-Founder, President, and CEO at Li-Cycle, a lithium-ion battery resource recovery company. Li-Cycle Technology is a closed-loop, economically viable, safe, sustainable, and scalable processing technology that provides a solution to the global lithium-ion battery recycling problem.

Li-Cycle ///

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19/02/2020 North American Clean Energy



energy storage

Three Predictions for the Energy Storage Industry in 2021 by Ryan Brown

2020 has been a challenging year for everyone, and the energy industry has not been spared. The COVID-19 pandemic and resulting economic crisis have created several challenges specific to the clean energy sector, leading many to question whether or not the industry is on track to achieve the decarbonization required by climate change targets. Renewables are expected to expand roughly 50 percent by 2025. Corporate funding for energy efficiency, smart grids, batteries and energy storage has increased 75 percent this year, displaying a sense of continued confidence in the energy sector’s trajectory. Anticipating and addressing challenges will help keep this sector on track for achieving the world’s environmental goals. For the battery industry in particular, acknowledging and working around the shortage and supply chain issues of lithium-ion batteries will be key. Over the past decade, battery storage has revolutionized – leading to nextgeneration batteries becoming the gateway to a net-zero future. Lithium-ion batteries continue to dominate the market as the leading solution for EVs and electronics, but most industry analysts expect demand to far outstrip supply in the coming years. To create a sustainable future, the world needs safer, cheaper, and more reliable batteries, as well as alternative battery options beyond lithium-ion. In 2021, we expect to see three key events unfold: • Increasing awareness of the impending shortage of li-ion materials • Zinc-ion batteries becoming increasingly viewed as lithium-ion’s successor • Emergence of new systems and business models to aggregate distributed energy storage.

Supply Chain Issues

Thanks to their high energy density, good service life, and strong power capability, lithium-ion has supplied more than 90 percent of large‐scale battery storage power capacity in the US (as of 2018). Continuing limitations with lithium-ion’s supply chain will challenge its continued growth. The raw materials used in lithium-ion batteries (including both lithium and cobalt) require substantial investment in new mining and processing facilities to keep pace with demand. China dominates the production of these materials, making the US and EU entirely dependent on trade with China to achieve their decarbonization goals. The COVID crisis revealed both the fragility of international supply chains, and the increasingly antagonistic relationship between Western governments and China. While lithium shortages are not expected until mid-decade, it is safe to predict that worries about this impending shortage will become a major focus of the battery industry in 2021. Expect continued government efforts on



developing domestic production of both batteries and their critical materials, including both mining and processing into finished chemicals. Also expect an increasing focus on non-lithium batteries from investment firms and government funding agencies.

Zinc-ion Batteries Emerging as a Lithium-ion Substitute

Lithium-ion batteries have always been a poor fit for stationary energy storage. Their defining feature - storing lots of energy in a small amount of weight - has little value for battery systems that never have to move. Paired with the high cost of lithium-ion and its intrinsic safety risks, the need for an alternative battery chemistry designed for renewable energy storage becomes clear. While many alternative chemistries have been recognized, (such as flow or zinc-air batteries) these are only useful for storage durations that are significantly longer than the typical 4 hours required by the market. They are also bulkier than lithium-ion, challenging their use in customersited systems. We need an alternative to lithium-ion that can store energy for 3-6 hours in a similar system size. The zinc-ion battery is just that – a safer, cheaper, and longer-lasting alternative to lithium-ion that offers similar power and energy density. Further, zinc-ion batteries use the same manufacturing processes as lithium-ion, while depending on raw materials that are abundant in North

America, making them a solution that can be rapidly scaled. While zinc-ion batteries have firmly established themselves as a nextgeneration technology in the research community, they are only now moving into commercialization. As zincion demonstrates its performance advantages in commercial prototypes, and proves its scalability at the pilot scale, we expect that its advantages in supply chain security, safety, and lifetime cost will become more widely accepted.

technologies like the zinc-ion battery will prove to be suitable contenders. The rise of new business models for energy storage, like the virtual power plant model, will impact the design of energy storage systems. While there certainly will be surprises and setbacks, energy storage has secured its role as a critical part of the energy transition. In 2021 and beyond, maturing business models and technologies will combine with a massively increasing scale to realize this potential.

Ryan Brown is Co-Founder and CEO of Salient Energy, which has developed a proprietary intercalation chemistry to create zinc batteries that power today’s advancing technologies.

Salient Energy ///

Development of Systems and Business Models for Distributed Energy Storage

Energy storage systems can improve grid resiliency, delay infrastructure investment, reduce grid congestion, and more. Unfortunately, the market mechanisms required to enable all of these advantages have not been widely adopted. This is starting to change. Recent FERC orders require grid operators to allow distributed energy resources to compete in markets where they were previously barred, opening up new revenue streams for behind-the-meter energy storage. Additionally, more and more utilities are being proactive in engaging with projects that aggregate large amounts of distributed energy storage, allowing the utility to dispatch large amounts of power from many small systems. These projects are referred to as Virtual Power Plants (VPPs), and represent a revolution in how residential energy storage systems are deployed. This represents a major shift in the market. Traditionally, the economics of residential energy storage have not been great; purchases were primarily driven by the emotions of individual homeowners. With the emergence of aggregated systems, however, residential energy storage projects now offer far more appealing returns to attract financiers and project developers into the space. The rise of new aggregated business models will impact the design of energy storage systems. New features are needed in both the hardware and software to enable a utility to dispatch fleets of energy storage systems according to conditions in the grid. Safety concerns will become heightened, as project developers become responsible for thousands of systems operating in a home with conditions outside of their control. Therefore, expect the coming year to bring in a rise of safetyfocused systems with features tailored for aggregated, distributed energy storage.

A Look to the Future

Overall, 2021 should continue the trend of massive growth and impressive innovation in the energy storage industry. While concerns surrounding lithium-ion’s supply chain could become more prevalent, non-lithium North American Clean Energy


energy storage

A Better Lithium Battery by Kevin Zanjani

In recent years, Lithium Iron Phosphate (LiFePO4) batteries have gained traction as a viable replacement for SLA/AGM batteries for energy storage applications. If that first sentence didn’t make much sense to you, don’t worry; you’ll be a little wiser by the time you read all the way to the end. You probably know them as the batteries that you use to power your snow blower, your electric car, or R/C vehicles. Technically, these batteries are known by their chemical makeup: LFP, Lithium Iron Phosphate, Lithium Ferrous Phosphate, LiFe, and LiFePO4. There’s a reason this battery technology is used so widely in so many applications - it has a tremendous degree of thermal and chemical stability. Just as importantly, this technology is also intrinsically safer because of an ultra-stable Fe-P-O chemical bond. If you’re a consumer trying to better understand the offerings out there – even if you’re a storage system provider who needs to explain the benefits of your system to a potential buyer – you run across terminology like charge cycles and lifespan. Essentially, these terms describe how much use you’ll get from the battery; every time you use up all the power in the battery and then recharge it until it’s ready to go again, it’s called a charge cycle. Due to the nature of chemicals, you don’t actually recharge the battery to a full 100 percent – each cycle “refills” the battery capacity

just short of the last full amount. How many times you’re able to complete this cycle is what defines the battery’s lifespan. The battery chemistry of a LiFePO4 appears to offer 3,000+ charge cycles, with manufacturers’ data showing at least 8 years in lifespan. In other words, based on average use (and what you’re using that battery for) it should last 8 years before you’ll need to replace it. Compared to other competing battery chemistries like Li-Ion Polymer (and chemistries based on LiCoO2, among others) LiFePO4 is considered to be robust in terms of cycle life and performance. Another kind of battery, SLA/AGM (used in cars and golf carts, etc.) pose dangers because they can sulfate, vent, or leak. Part of the inherent safety of LiFePO4 batteries is due to their non-toxic chemistry and tight chemical bond. LiFePO4 batteries are also a lot lighter -

Figure 1: LiFePo4 Batteries Provide a Flat Discharge Curve allowing for > 95% Depth of Discharge

Figure 2: LiFePo4 Batteries Offer Enhanced Energy Performance at Low Temperatures



High capacity single-unit charger

¼ the weight of SLA/AGM battery – and offer up to 10 times the charging cycles of their SLA/AGM cousins. Battery convenience is as important as battery life. That might sound strange, because batteries make life more convenient by their very nature. But many of the powerful batteries that most of use without a second thought actually need a little TLC (some more than others). Case in point, LiFePO4 batteries have a built-in advanced protection circuit module and battery management system. This prevents overcurrent, overdischarge, overvoltage, as well as internal balancing. In plain language, that means (respectively) better protection from overheating or fire, lowering battery life or fire, damaging equipment, as well as ruining the battery itself. On the other hand, SLA/AGM batteries have no internal circuitry, which means that it is possible to overdischarge this legacy battery chemistry – and that means it will need additional maintenance every 2 years (versus 8 to 12 years for LiFePo4). Additionally, due to the Peukert’s effect, SLA/AGM batteries have only a 50 percent usable capacity, after which point the voltage drops too low. LiFePO4 batteries boast a nearly 100 percent usable capacity. They also benefit from no memory effect, also known as “lazy battery”. If you continually recharge an SLA/AGM battery before it’s fully discharged, it starts to “forget” where its “fill line” is – it will keep recharging a little less each time until it dies. A LiFePO4 battery can be charged at 25, 50, or 75 percent state of charge. This makes it an excellent choice for both cyclic and standby applications like uninterruptible power systems (in case of power failures that require switching over to battery operation). Other benefits include a low self-discharge rate (about 2 – 3 percent per annum basis) and enhanced temperature performance (it lasts a long time in cold weather). For all you nascent battery aficionados, I hope this brief introduction to basic

battery chemistry was helpful. The main takeaway of all you’ve read here is that LiFePO4 batteries should be considered for various energy storage applications. It’s an attractive alternative to SLA/AGM batteries on the market, and should now be on your radar when researching the best battery for your needs.

Kevin Zanjani is the National Sales Manager at Bioenno Power. Kevin has worked in the technology industry for more than 18 years. He holds a BSEE from the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MSECE from the University of California, Irvine, and MBA from the University of Southern California.

Bioenno Power

BYD (Build Your Dreams) announced its 150kW DC fast charger for buses and trucks has been certified by Underwriters Laboratory (UL), widening the universe of charging solutions available for BYD customers. The DC charger is also the highest capacity, single-unit charger ever certified by UL. The charger can be used by any battery-electric bus or truck with a CCSType 1 connector. The BYD UL-listed 150kW DC charger gained a full suite of safety certifications that cover the charger’s connection to a power source and the plugs, receptacles, and couplers that connect to a bus or truck. The certifications include UL 2202, the standard for Safety of Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging System Equipment for fast chargers, and UL 2594, the standard for Safety of Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment. The UL symbol lets consumers know a product is safe and has been tested to rigorous standards designed to reduce the risk of fire, shock and personal injury.

BYD ///

Microsites for renewable energy systems

Littelfuse, Inc. has launched its individual solar energy power system and battery energy storage system (BESS) focused microsites to help educate, simplify research, and make it easier for customers to select the right products for their renewable energy systems. The Solar microsite offers easy access to: educational videos, product information, data sheets, and technical specifications, solar protection white paper, system applications overview, surge protection application guide, and product selection catalog. The microsite offers easy access to: product information, data sheets, and technical specifications, battery energy storage system circuit protection white paper, arc-flash overview, selection guide, and FAQs, customer success stories/case studies, arc-flash key considerations guide and knowledge center, and system applications overview.

Littelfuse, Inc. ///




Those who count on wind or solar power systems to run their businesses, homes − and lifestyles − turn to Crown for renewable power storage solutions. We’ve been at the forefront of energy storage innovation since 1926 and offer tough, earth-friendly and budget-wise batteries to meet the needs of today’s RE system owners. Check out our new RE Battery Basics video series and contact us for your energy storage needs. Visit

CONTACT US FOR DETAILS: +1.419.334.7181 North American Clean Energy


energy storage

Solar Battery or Generator? Keeping the lights on during power outages

by Daniel Mello Guimaraes


From hurricanes and tornadoes, to severe thunderstorms and winter storms, New England homeowners are well-versed in the hours-long to days-long power outages that frequently accompany these storms. In light of this, more and more homeowners are investing in emergency power solutions. For many years, backup generators have been the choice of New England homeowners looking to power their essential appliances when the power goes out. But, significant growth in the number of solar power installs over recent years has changed that. For example, Massachusetts has 2,572 MW of (cumulative) capacity installed as of December 2019, surpassing its target of 1,600 MW of solar power installed for 2020, according to With so many residents harnessing the power of the sun, another option has come front and center for when the power goes out - solar battery storage. With this increased interest in solar photovoltaic (PV) systems, utilizing solar battery storage as a back-up power option makes sense.

How each back-up system works

During a power outage, homeowners with grid-tied solar PV systems will be without power alongside those homeowners who are hooked up directly to the grid. But, those with a solar PV system combined with a solar battery will be able to power their home without interruption. As the PV system disconnects during an outage, the solar battery kicks in. Backup generators burn fossil fuels (propane, natural gas, or diesel) to create their own electricity. They may have sensors to detect an outage, which provides automatic operation, kicking in when the power goes out.

Solar battery benefits

Solar battery systems store excess energy - from a power source such as a solar PV system or the electricity grid - for later use. Solar battery back-up may be used during an outage or during times of high electricity rates. There are a number of benefits to utilizing a solar battery. Among its most important features are quiet operation and low maintenance. When combined with a solar PV system, it operates on renewable energy, which enables customers to optimize their daily solar consumption (while minimizing consumption from the grid). While there is a higher upfront cost when compared to a generator, but the good news is that a solar battery is eligible for federal tax credit incentives and the homeowner will save on maintenance. The size of a solar battery backup system or generator will dictate the household equipment that can be powered during an outage. The latest solar battery has 13.5 kWh of storage capacity, which the homeowner can stack (two or three) to get even more storage. Depending on size, a solar battery backup system can power essential energy loads such as keeping the lights and refrigerator on, or it can power the whole home.

Benefits of a Generator

There are a number of advantages to utilizing a backup generator. Perhaps the most significant is cost: Generators are typically less expensive upfront than solar batteries. They can also be connected to a natural gas line. As long as they are given a steady



system, it provides seamless operation during an outage. Not only does it reduce reliance on fossil fuels, it increases selfconsumption of solar power generation. Plus, the homeowner is able to take advantage of the federal tax credit. Many homeowners have questions about the overall cost of installation, the availability of tax credit incentives, and annual electric savings. It’s best to address these topics during a consultation with a solar provider, during which they can get a comprehensive review. In this way, a homeowner will be able to make an informed decision, and feel more confident about powering their home during outages.

Daniel Mello Guimaraes is CEO and Co-Founder of Boston Solar, based in Woburn, MA. He is also Vice President of the Board of Directors of Solar Energy Business Association of New England (SEBANE). Boston Solar markets, designs, and installs residential and commercial solar, as well as energy storage and EV chargers throughout Massachusetts. fuel supply, generators can provide power 24/7. Options range from a small portable generator to a whole-home standby. Drawbacks include noisy operation and required maintenance, as well as monthly fuel costs (along with location pollution and a higher carbon footprint).

How to Decide

So, what’s the best option? It really depends on a number of aspects, whether usage and cost or a homeowner’s overall inclination to reduce their carbon footprint by utilizing solar energy. Homeowners who are only looking for emergency power, are in a home with an existing natural gas line or can hook up to propane, and who are not planning to install solar panels on their roof in the future, may prefer the option of a standby backup generator. There are some homes where solar PV installation is not conducive, due to one or more structural features. For example, in New England, most homes have asphalt shingles that work well with a solar system. But some have tile, which are not favorable to solar PV. If a home is not a good fit for a solar PV install, a solar battery is still an option, but better option may be a generator. For those who would like to (quietly) power their home 24/7 - and during outages with renewable energy - solar battery power with a solar PV system is the best option. A solar battery can actually run without solar PV installed, because it can be charged. However, recommended usage is solar PV plus solar battery storage. When a solar battery is combined with a solar PV

Boston Solar

/// 1 Renewable Energy Snapshot. (n.d.). Retrieved from renewable-energy-snapshot#installedsolar-capacity-in-massachusetts-

Sealed, maintenance-free battery solution

Iron Edison’s 5th generation Lithium Iron Phosphate battery, the RE-Volt Lithium Iron chemistry, is a solution for new solar projects or upgrading an existing solar system to enjoy the maintenance-free operation of the lithium battery. The RE-Volt is a sealed maintenance free battery solution that can provide decades of reliable and worry free energy storage for an off grid or grid interactive energy system. An integrated battery management system prevents damaging overcharging or over discharging. Up to 15 batteries can be paralleled, creating a battery solution with 150kWh of capacity for demanding applications.

Iron Edison Battery Company ///

Commercial EV charging bundle for LADWP customers

EV Connect and EVOCHARGE have released the LADWP Bundle, an EV charging solution designed specifically for customers of the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power (LADWP). The bundle offers tight integration of EV charging station hardware and management software, turnkey installation services, an extended 5-year warranty, 24-hour customer support, and station uptime for EV drivers. The LADWP Bundle is designed to make it easy and fast to deploy EV infrastructure at apartment buildings, workplaces, and in disadvantaged communities. EV Connect and EVOCHARGE will provide hardware and software that is tightly integrated and OCPI certified to work together reliably and leverages a local distribution hub to serve deployment as well as long-term operation and service needs. Los Angeles drivers can utilize the EV Connect App to easily find, access, and securely pay for EV charging. Through the Charge Up LA! program, eligible LADWP territory commercial, multi-tenant, and workplace property owners and operators may utilize the rebate program's funding. EVOCHARGE offers a range of premiere EV charging and cable management solutions to help make LADWP’s up and coming multi-unit dwellings, workplace, fleet, and public charging station deployments convenient.

EV Connect ///

North American Clean Energy


energy storage

DC fast charger

Tritium’s RT175-S smart charging system powers EVs to an 80% charge in 15 minutes on average and is capable of Plug and Charge, a communications protocol enabling electric vehicles and charging equipment to communicate, authenticate, and bill customers via the charging cable. No longer will drivers need an RFID membership card, smartphone application, or credit card reader to pay for their charge. With Plug and Charge, a charging session can be automatically and securely billed from the moment the plug connects to the vehicle, regardless of the network operator. This advancement in charging technology streamlines and simplifies the charging experience, while improving customer data security. Not only does the RT175-S make the charging experience more convenient than ever, but the unit provides a powerful 175kW charge through an elegant and compact design, making it an economical solution for sites where limited space for charging is available. The RT175-S is easy to install, boasts a power efficiency averaging 95%, and is IP65 rated, providing cost savings and optimal functionality in a wide range of environmental conditions. This fast charger with its all-in-one isolated power unit and integrated reinforced isolating transformer allows for continuous 175kW operation at 104°F (40°C) and 150kW operation at 122°F (50°C). Optional features include cold weather kit for operation down to -22°F (-30°C), escutcheon panel with interlocked pad lockable isolator for added safety, increased SCCR to 100kA for grid connection with high available fault currents, and site power management and load balancing for multiple charger sites. It offers quick and secure payment methods for EV drivers, with credit card compatibility integrated with distinct payment models, including fixed price charging, pre-authorized/post settlement variable pricing, and charges based on elapsed time for kWh consumed.

Tritium ///

Digital platform for solar and storage asset management

ENACT SYSTEMS announced new capabilities with the ENACT ENGAGE offering for Asset management of Storage and Solar projects. Leveraging cloud integrations with solar and storage hardware and monitoring devices, ENACT ENGAGE tracks real-time bill savings for residential and commercial customers, as well variance of actual savings versus projections. ENACT ENGAGE centralizes data access for disparate project assets, enabling powerful predictive analytics and machine learning capabilities. ENGAGE also allows fleet owners and storage OEMs a centralized platform for customer support, asset operations, warranty performance, and aggregated reporting.



Integrated whole-home solar power solution

Generac Power Systems’ PWRcell end-toend solar and storage system is capable of providing intelligently managed backup power to the entire home. The new PWRcell Automatic Transfer Switch, (PWRcell ATS), includes integrated load management, high-capacity batteries rated up to 18kWh, and an outdoor-rated enclosure that allows for a simple, flexible, and 100% outdoor installation. PWRcell ATS allows Generac’s system to power the entire electrical panel. In the event of a power outage, the PWRcell ATS disconnects from the grid, allowing the whole home to be islanded as power is routed from the battery and solar array to the home’s electrical panel. Because Generac protects the entire home, the need to move or transfer circuits to a separate sub-panel is eliminated, reducing system complexity and installation time. To further bolster the whole-home capabilities of the PWRcell system, Generac has unlocked additional power output and is introducing a combination of load management options. With improved performance, the PWRcell inverter can now deliver 9kW of backup power from a single battery pack and up to 11kW from a dual battery system. Generac Smart Management Modules work with the load management device built into the ATS to manage all of that power and protect against system overload. When paired together, the PWRcell ATS and SMMs allow up to 12 circuits to be managed and prioritized. By controlling how power is allocated, the PWRcell system not only keeps all the essentials running, but it provides the opportunity to start larger home appliances like air conditioners and water heaters during a utility power outage.

With PerforMore, Stäubli Electrical Connectors introduces a connector that’s designed in accordance with all applicable guidelines and with a specific focus on user-friendly handling. This two-pole high-voltage connector offers flexibility for electric vehicle manufacturers. It can be used in a wide range of drive-train interfaces, including batteries, inverters, and high-voltage distribution units. The PerforMore connector is developed specifically for use in the electric drive train of mass-produced electric vehicles. With a current-carrying capacity of 400A at an ambient temperature of 185°F (85°C), extremely compact dimensions, and high vibration resistance, PerforMore is suitable for use in a wide range of vehicle types. It can be used in a variety of drivetrain interfaces, including high-voltage batteries, power inverters, or high-voltage distribution units (HVDUs). A two-step unlocking mechanism, HVIL contacts, IP2X ingress protection, and high-quality EM shielding provide increased user safety. PerforMore is fast and easy to install, thanks to an integrated lever that ensures quick locking. Mechanical and color coding makes it easy to match connector pairs and prevent incorrect connections. Installation is simple: assembly with pre-assembled cables is only possible in the specified direction, improving user-friendliness while also lowering vehicle manufacturing costs.

Stäubli Electrical Connectors AG ///

Generac Power Systems, Inc. ///

Our Battery Energy Storage System (BESS) is UL 9540A test certified at the cell, module, and system level.

A leading choice for an energy dense, pre-populated, LFP, containerized solution.


High voltage connectors for e-mobillity


Streamlining integration of renewables for demand side management

LF Energy’s latest project, openLEADR creates an open source implementation of OpenADR, the open standard for exchanging demand response information among global utilities, aggregators, and energy management and control systems to better manage the supply and demand of energy. OpenLEADR standardizes the code implementation of Open Automated Demand Response (OpenADR), the reference standard for openLEADR developed by The OpenADR Alliance.

LF Energy ///

2021 SOLAR


Image provided by BluWave-ai ///

DIRECTORY Adhesives, Sealants, Tapes & Pastes Aluminum Extrusion & Metal Fabrication Backsheets Balance-of-Systems (BoS) Battery | Energy Storage Bracing & Anchoring Business Community

Environmental Consultants & Business Services

Portable Solar

Solar Home Energy Monitor

Equipment Manufacturer

Position Sensors

Solar Hot Water Distributors

Power Engineering & Consulting

Solar Integration

PV Cleaning Systems

Solar Lighting

PV Distributors

Solar Pile Driver

PV Installers

Solar Radiometer Calibration

PV Manufacturers & Equipment

Solar Recycling

Racking & Mounting Systems

Solar Support Structures & Carport Systems

Radiant Heating

Solar Thermal Manufacturing & Equipment

Rapid Shutdown Systems

Solar Thermal Systems

Real Estate Developers


Research & Development | Testing

Temperature Profiling

Residential or Small Office Solar/PV

Testing & Certification | Testing Chambers

Roll Forming

Theft Protection


Thermal Insulation

Semiconductors Sheet Metal | Machining




Site Assessment & Forecasting

Transportation | Logistics

Software Supplier

Utility Scale Solar | PV

Solar Coatings


Solar Fasteners

Wire Management

EV Charging Financial Services Floating Solar Foundations

Cathodic Protection

Ground Covering Ground Screws | Anchors

Charge Controllers Components | Electrical Protection

Industrial Networking


Handling | Manufacturing

Consultants | Business & Environmental Consultants Contractors | EPC


Data Acquistion Education | Research Development


Electrical Wire, Cable, & Connectors Enclosures | Combiner Boxes


Energy Management Systems


Energy Service Providers

New Construction Oil Containment | Spill Prevention

Energy Storage System Engineering | Operations & Maintenance (O&M)

Legal Services Light Spectrum Systems Lightning & Surge Protection Microinverters

Performance Assurance Performance Monitoring

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North American Clean Energy


2021 solar buyers guide Adhesives, Sealants, Tapes & Pastes Aluko America, Inc. Novagard

American Polywater Polywater AFT protects conduit and raceway systems. AFT closed-cell sealant provides 10ft of water-blocking performance for solar and wind applications to protect converters, combiners, and switchgear from costly outages. The two-part, closed-cell AFT Sealant is durable and easy to install. AFT has excellent adhesion to a variety of conduits.

Novagard provides electronics-grade sealants, conformal coatings, potting compounds, and thermal interface management materials for solar and battery manufacturers. Technologies include alcohol cure, UV cure, and UV/alkoxy dual cure. Novagard’s custom formulation lab is available to tailor products to customers’ requirements and demanding applications. For solar installers, Novagard offers a full line of silicone and hybrid adhesive sealants and gunnable, pourable, and trowel-able roof repair materials for composition shingle roofs, commercial flat roofs, or metal roofs. ISO 9001:2015 (QMS with Design), IATF 16949:2016 (QMS with Design). Certified WBE and WOSB.

Hyundai Aluminum Americas, Inc. is a subsidiary of The Aluko Group of Seoul, S. Korea. With 5 aluminum extrusion and fabrication facilities in S. Korea and Vietnam, they supply solar panel manufacturers with punched, mitre cut, anodized aluminum extruded panel frame sets. Their frames come with corner keys pre-inserted into the short frame, saving time and eliminating waste. Their new (2017) facility near Hanoi, Vietnam has available extrusion and fabrication capacity.


EPEC Solutions, Inc. EPEC Solutions, Inc. is a supplier of low voltage AC equipment for string inverter commercial and utility scale solar plants. Their expanding product line now includes UL 891 switchboards for AC combiners and AC recombiners through 800VAC, auxiliary power centers, LV metering, and complete power block skidded solutions. They work closely with most AC string inverter and MV transformer manufacturers at the design level to provide their customers with the latest solar specific innovations.

Griff Paper and Film APOC Roofing & Waterproofing APOC is a manufacturer of roofing, waterproofing, and maintenance products that maximize energy efficiency, productivity, and profitability. APOC 515 Liquid Flash Permanent Detail Sealant is a maximum performance, high build, liquid-applied waterproofing sealant. Engineered with "green" solvent-free, moisture cure polymers, Liquid Flash is suitable for sealing solar supports, flashings, seams, and more. The combination of APOC 515 Liquid Flash Permanent Detail Sealant and APOC Incredible Tape provide a maximum performance, high-build, liquid-applied waterproofing sealant and/or flashing system.

Sika Sika's global project support makes them a suitable partner to manufacturers of photovoltaic, solar thermal, and concentrating solar power systems. They offer solutions for a range of applications, performance, curing speeds, and process capabilities.

Aluminum Extrusion & Metal Fabrication

Balance-of-Systems (BoS)

Alexandria Industries produces custom components for a range of markets and applications. It uses advanced manufacturing technology and a skilled workforce to create extruded aluminum products, precision machining, heatsinks, finishing, plastic injection and foam molding, welding, and assemblies for customers.

Big Frog Mountain Corp.

Shoals Technologies Group Eaton 800Vac recombiner switchboard for large scale commercial and utility solar projects features a space-saving design that integrates fuse protection and a disconnect within one enclosure. The integrated design helps ease installation labor, supports close-coupling to Eaton liquid-filled transformers for optimal power distribution, and is suitable for pador skid-mounted applications. Component integration can include metering, relays, dry type transformers, Visi-switches, NH solar fuse links, and more. Custom enclosure dimensions and electrical system packages are available to meet unique project requirements.


TriStar MPPT Solar Controller is an advanced maximum power point tracking (MPPT) controller for larger off-grid PV energy systems up to 3kWp. A solution for solar installations around the globe and a choice for designers of systems where failure isn't an option. High peak efficiency for off-grid controllers: 99% (TS 150 model). Advanced thermal engineering eliminates cooling fans, unique in this power range. 30A, 45A, and 60A versions up to 150Voc. PWM versions also available.

Big Frog Mountain provides inverters, charge controllers, lightning arrestors, batteries, ventilation, water purification, portable refrigeration, and natural lighting.

Alexandria Industries

Chem Link's ChemCurb and E-Curb Systems can turn the weakest part of a building's roof into the strongest. They are easy to install and fit any size or shape penetration, allowing for unlimited configurations. Sealants and adhesives are 100% solids, do not shrink, are solvent-free, and contain virtually no VOCS, minimizing health risks to contractors and building occupants. Plus, they are impervious to ice, corrosion, UV light, and ponding water.

Chem Link, Inc.

The Griff Network provides a wide variety of sheets, films, and polymers to support the creation of high quality solar panels. Their solar back-sheets have dielectric properties to act as an insulator for the power generating modules.



The BLA (Big Lead Assembly) takes all the guesswork out of wiring a solar field. Using Shoals’ latest in-line fuse and wire manufacturing technology, they offer a site free of DC string combiners. The entire load is combined into a single pair of aluminum conductors running from the string combiner to the inverter. There’s no need to trench for DC feeders or hang string combiner boxes. And when terminated with the BAC connector, the whole array is plug-&-play.

Supporting California with Factory-Direct Trackers & Racking

Red Bluff, CA

Orland, CA

11.03 MW

360 kW

Hollister, CA 1.1 MW

We manufacture our tracker components in our own plants — you get: Reduced lead times n Lower shipping costs n US steel supply chain n

OMCO Solar Product Line OMCO ORIGIN ™

Factory-Direct Single-Axis Tracker n Accommodates both Monofacial and Bifacial Modules


Slide & Stay Mounting System n Lowest total installed cost for community scale and commercial projects


OMCO Solar

Advantages n n


Direct-Bolt Mounting System n Pre-assembled tilt bracketry components to reduce on-site labor, accelerate assembly © 2020 OMCO Holdings OMCO ORIGIN, OMCO FIELD-FAST and OMCO CHOICE are trademarks and OMCO Solar is a registered trademark of OMCO Holdings

n n

Strategically located US manufacturing facilities (OH, AZ, IN, AL) Arizona facility has 2GW+ manufacturing capacity allowing OMCO to efficiently serve the CA, TX, and west coast market In-house engineering department allows for knowledgeable and responsive customer service Over 65 years of experience as a steel fabricator Largest custom roll-former in North America Structural Components

North American Clean Energy Made in the 43USA

2021 solar buyers guide Battery | Energy Storage

BAE Batteries, USA

Aggreko SolarBOS SolarBOS offers Balance-of-System solutions for photovoltaic systems, including Rapid Shutdown solutions, DC and AC Combiners, and Wire Solutions. Rapid Shutdown Solutions represent low-cost and space-saving solutions for commercial solar systems utilizing string inverters. AC Combiners combine multiple string inverter outputs. Wire Solutions include custom Wire Harnesses and Source Circuit Conductors. All solutions are highly configurable to fit any application and are built to customers’ specifications. SolarBOS products are designed and manufactured in the USA with emphasis on clean design, quality, and cost-effectiveness. SolarBOS products are listed to UL-1741.

Aggreko’s fully integrated, plug-andplay battery storage solutions ensure maximum system effectiveness and efficiency. They have been optimized across every component to deliver system performance, minimize operating costs, and shrink a carbon footprint. Aggreko offers solutions to power a microgrid, add reliability to a hybrid system, and to optimize business cases through smart energy management. The Y.Cube is a ready-to-install energy storage system.

BAE Batteries USA provides an advanced lead-acid battery energy storage solution with its PVV and PVS product offerings. Using a lead-selenium (PVS) and a gelled electrolyte (PVV) construction, 3,000 to 5,000 cycles can be obtained. Lead-acid is a reliable and safe technology with installations spanning over 100 years. To support clean energy objectives, the products are 99% recyclable.

Battery Systems, Inc. Battery Systems provides their customers with battery products combined with efficient service at competitive prices.


Bender, Inc.

Tigo Energy, Inc.

Based in Santa Ana, California, Bioenno Power offers lithium iron phosphate (LiFePO4) batteries for various solar and industrial applications. The company's "BLF-" series offers a 10-year service life, 1/4 the weight of SLA batteries, and built in circuitry that balances/equalizes cells, protects against overcharging, overdischarge, overcurrent, and overvoltage.

Tigo offers Flex-MLPE (Module Level Power Electronics) with solutions that significantly enhance safety, increase energy production, and decrease operating costs of photovoltaic (PV) systems. Tigo’s TS4 platform maximizes the benefit of PV systems and provides customers with a scalable, versatile, and reliable MLPE solution. Tigo was founded in Silicon Valley in 2007, Tigo systems operate on seven continents and produce gigawatt hours of reliable, clean, affordable, and safe solar energy daily.

Bioenno Power

AIMS Power AIMS Power introduces its Lithium (LiFePO4) deep cycle battery 24V 300AMP or 48V 150AMP available, packed with power. Delivers large amp capacity in one battery and eliminates the need for multiple batteries without losing amperage. Loaded with automatic safety features, such as a Battery Management System (BMS), which maintains individual cell integrity, low and high voltage protections, reverse polarity, and temperature management. The battery also uses automatic cell balancing, requires almost no maintenance and includes RS485 and CAN monitoring. This one battery can replace multiple battery banks and cables.

Insulation monitoring devices detect symmetrical insulation and DC faults that often occur in control circuits and DC voltage networks such as those found in battery energy storage systems. When insulation resistance is monitored, trend curves and other predictions can be made. A permanently installed iso685 from Bender, Inc. is a solution for monitoring battery energy storage systems because faults and locations are automatically detected and displayed. This significantly reduces time and effort required for maintenance work.

BlueSolutions’ globally deployed solid-state Lithium Metal Polymer(LMP) energy storage technology is an advanced solid-state battery and energy storage design with important attributes of safety, high energy density, and high performance. Solid-state technology is insensitive to external temperatures, does not require cooling, and will not be subject to thermal runaway events. The LMP outdoor racks are suitable for hot, harsh environments, and remote locations. Its robust warranty is not subject to operating temperature or depth of discharge.

BMZ USA, Inc. A modular, lithium-ion based Energy Storage System, the ESS 7.0, ESS 9.0, and ESS X batteries can store a surplus of collected solar energy for later use and be used for both on-grid and off-grid applications. Energy can either be directed into the storage system or be fed into the public grid via an inverter. The ESS batteries have a usable capacity range from 5.4kWh to 8.05kWh and up to 12 ESS can be connected in parallel. This means meeting the energy storage needs of small residential locations to larger commercial systems is no issue. The ESS are compatible with 48V systems which avoids hassles seen with high voltage. Simple to set up and use, BMZ ESS batteries make energy storage easy.



North American Clean Energy


2021 solar buyers guide

Charles Industries, Ltd. Charles Industries' CUBE BBU cabinets are suited for solar farm base stations and other outdoor environments when a large amount of battery backup time is required. These pad mount cabinets house Ni-Cd or VRLA strings securely in a compact footprint. Many thermal management options are available, including direct air cooling, TEC, and solar shields. CUBE BBU cabinets are Zone 4 Seismic rated and designed to meet NEMA 3R standards

Discover Battery Lithium AES LiFePO4 Batteries designed specifically for off-grid, microgrid, and whole home backup power. Their batteries provide surge handling capability as well as provide 1C continuous charge and discharge so users can size for capacity rather than managing current. Available in 7.4kWh/48V and 3.0kWh/48V models, they feature direct comms integration with all major invertercharger brands and provide dynamic charge control for fast charging and long life.


GS Yuasa Energy Solutions, Inc.

The EnerSys Genesis G200EP battery is the largest amp-hour battery in the Genesis EP line. A high-performance 12V battery, it features Thin Plate Pure Lead (TPPL) technology, making it suitable for grid-tied solar power applications. It offers a nominal capacity of 200 amp hours, fast, efficient recharge, and excellent cycle performance. In addition, the Genesis G200EP battery has a two-year shelf life, excels in high-temperature and high-vibration environments, and is flame retardant by meeting the UL94VO specification. TPPL technology also enables it to provide more power in a smaller footprint.

The SLR Series is designed for high cycle applications using GS Yuasa’s advanced lead nanocarbon battery technology. A nanocarbon additive accelerates the reaction of active material to reduce sulfation. This leads to increased charging efficiency and higher capacity retention over the battery life. The product utilizes GS Yuasa’s HT Element X for high heat, long life performance. The SLR product line provides 5000 cycles at 70% DOD and 19 years of cycle life when tested to IEC 61427.

Crown Battery Manufacturing Company Crown offers low or no-maintenance energy storage solutions. Their FreedomBloc Energy Storage Systems are safe, affordable, and scalable from 10 to 20kWh. This tough array provides energy independence and peace of mind for both Off-Grid and Grid-Connected UPS.

E22 (Energy Storage Solutions)

Invinity Energy Systems

The 250kW Vanadium Redox Flow Battery developed and manufactured by E22, accumulates up to 12h of energy. The system is integrated within a modular block from 50 to 330kW that allows the connection of several units, thus having the possibility of configuring the system according to any power need. Among other advantages, it has an extended life over 20 years, cycling of >10.000, and complete customization. VRFB includes remote diagnostic and continuous monitoring of all parameters through SCADA. E22 also offers several services such as dimensioning, engineering, turn-key, EPC, and O&M of the whole installation or a more flexible delivery of certain required elements.

Invinity manufactures modular, factory-assembled vanadium flow batteries (VFB) for large C&I and grid-scale applications. The VS3-022 "six pack" is a high throughput VFB with high fire safety ratings, designed for a 25+ year operational lifespan. Systems begin at 220kWh / 78kW and scale up to 10MW / 40MWh. Suitable for applications requiring full depth of discharge with storage duration from 2 to 12 hours

Fortress Power Fortress Power’s safe Lithium-Iron-Phosphate technology is now more flexible. The eFLEX 5.4 battery has an aluminum IP65 enclosure that protects against dust, water, and heat. It’s mounting options include wall, floor and server racks. Applications include the home, telecommunication, mobile, public utilities, transit sectors. The eFLEX 5.4 also stacks up to 80kW! Fortress Power batteries also come with their 10-year warranty and remote monitoring.

Electriq Power Darfon America Corp. The Darfon B09ULF is a battery solution for those who need energy storage but have limited space. The B09ULF is a 9.6kWh battery that can be installed floor-standing or wall-mounted. If more reserved power is needed, the B09ULF can be stacked for 19.2kWh. The enclosure installs empty, to minimize installation weight and make it easy for one person to install. All wiring uses quick disconnects to speed up the installation process. With full communication with Darfon’s H5001 hybrid inverter, the B09ULF’s status and performance can be monitored through Darfon’s web portal. Since the B09ULF uses LiFePO4 chemistry, it has a long life span and is safe.

Introducing the all-new Electriq PowerPod 2, an all-in-one solution with more power output than before. Experience long-lasting battery life, increased reliability, and enhanced safety with Lithium Iron Phosphate (LiFePO4) cells. Now with 7.6kW of maximum power output to fill every day energy needs.

Generac Power Systems The PWRcell battery is a powerful, flexible, and scalable battery which is capable of outdoor installations in nearly any climate with an optional Outdoor Rated PWRcell battery cabinet. The PWRcell energy storage system can also be configured to meet any budget or lifestyle. A three battery module configuration will achieve 8.6kWh of capacity and 4.5kW output. Four, five, and six battery module configurations will yield more power and capacity up to 18kWh storage capacity and 9kW output. When even more power is needed, multiple PWRcell batteries can be connected to a single PWRcell inverter for up to 36kWh of storage capacity and 11kW continuous backup power.



Kronus Engineering Kronus Engineering provides design consultations for customers interested in customized lithiumion battery systems that integrate with solar PV systems and the grid to provide backup storage and energy bill savings for residential and commercial buildings. The design process begins with a system scoping exercise to define the needs of the battery pack and how it will interact with other building systems. The next step is to develop full scale schematics to make sure the pack is safe and will function properly. Once all the components are chosen, a 3D model is created. Upon design approval from the customer, Kronus’ team of battery engineers are typically engaged to manufacture the system.

Otherworldly Tracker: Engineered for greatness

tamaño de corte 8” x 10.75”, North American Clean Energy


2021 solar buyers guide

Sun Xtender Batteries

LEOCH Battery Corporation Leoch's Pure Lead + Carbon Technology has been specifically engineered to support partial-stateof-charge applications where the batteries are cycled regularly. These high power, energy dense batteries offer super-fast charging from 0% to 90% in 1hr and a long deep cycle life of 3000 cycles at 50% DoD. The ABS-Polycarbonate jars provide rugged durability and a wide operating temperature of -40°F to 131°F (-40°C to 55°C). Tested to IEC standards.

Lion Energy Lion Energy provides lithium-based portable power solutions ranging from small hand held power banks to solar power generators to whole home energy storage systems. The power banks range from 8,000mAh (Lion Cub PB) to 14,000mAh (Lion Cub JC). The small yet powerful Lion Cub GO unit has 150W of output through AC, USB, and 12V. The Lion Safari LT and ME are solar power units that can run most any devices you can plug into standard wall outlets. The LT outputs 500W with 450Wh of energy storage and the ME outputs 2,000W and 922Wh. The home energy storage system, the Lion Sanctuary Energy Storage System, has a multi-functional 8k inverter and options for 13.5kw to 40.5kw storage.

MK Battery The Deka Unigy II 2-volt battery from MK Battery is available as either a single cell or system design, and features a wide range of capacities to fit the varied requirements of renewable energy applications. Exclusive IPF Technology optimizes power capacity, cell consistency, and long-term reliability. Advanced AGM technology eliminates periodic watering, corrosive acid fumes, and spills. Microcat Catalyst lowers float current, decreases internal temperatures, and the risk of dry-out, to ensure long battery life.

naak, Inc. naak converts basic solar and battery storage into a naakGRID. A functional, plug and play, microgrid for any home, purpose built for resiliency and DR/VPP market participation. Sold as a bolt-on kit that works with a customers’ preferred battery storage integration. Each kit comes with project success services to make scoping, sizing, and pricing simple and scalable.

Lithium Werks

Designed to deliver reliable energy storage and scalable for use in a wide range of residential and commercial applications, Rolls 4000 Series 6-volt S6 L16-HC model offers 445 Amp-Hour capacity (445 AH @ 20 Hr) per string. Rolls heavy-duty thick plate construction now includes a proprietary Advanced NAM carbon additive for improved charge efficiency, extended cycle life, and PSOC performance, backed by a 3-year full replacement warranty.

Power Sonic Power Sonic have been supplying battery solutions since 1970. They offer a wide range of lithium iron Phosphate (LiFePO4) batteries and energy storage systems, each specifically engineered to deliver a high cycle life and performance over a wide operating temperature. Their products include lithium Bluetooth batteries in 12.8V and 25.6V varieties ranging from 9ah to 300ah, series connection LiFePO4 batteries, and high rate discharge lithium batteries. Their energy storage solutions can range from 50kwh to 50Mwh at varied C-rates depending on the application.

SolarEdge SolarEdge's Energy Hub Inverter with Prism technology presents a centralized solution that manages and coordinates solar production, storage and backup, EV charging, and future smart energy devices. System power and energy capacity are increased through battery and inverter stacking, so when DC coupled with batteries and the new SolarEdge backup interface, the solution can back up additional loads or even power the entire home, up to 200A, during grid outages. It also enables higher energy yield since energy that would be lost in an AC-coupled solution can be redirected to a battery. Built-in metering and generator compatible.


U.S. Battery Manufacturing U.S. Battery Manufacturing has been building flooded lead acid batteries since 1926 and manufactures deep cycle batteries specifically for many industries, worldwide. The company’s RE Series batteries are designed to provide high peak capacity, long cycle life, and reliability for use in industrial or residential renewable energy applications. RE Series batteries utilize the company’s XC2 formulation and Diamond Plate Technology to create an efficient battery plate, delivering high watt-hours per liter and watt-hours per kilogram.

Stem, Inc. The Stem Partner Program can help project developers tap into the energy storage experience, technology expertise, and support needed to succeed with battery storage. Stem works with industry professionals to deliver services that complement energy storage for both behind-the-meter and front-of-meter projects. By using stored power when energy costs are highest, energy projects become more flexible, customers save money, and project margins increase.


Lithium Werks manufactures lithium ion batteries that can be arranged in systems between 12V-1000V, from kWh to MWh. As a result of stable, lithium iron phosphate (LiFePO4) chemistry, Lithium Werks’ diverse offerings of 12V, 24V, and 36V modules have a high cycle life and float life, suited for energy storage markets such as renewables and UPS. Through this intuitive design, lithium ion batteries can act as a drop-in replacement for lead-acid batteries or be easily assembled into larger systems of any voltage and capacity.

Rolls Battery Engineering

Sun Xtender deep cycle AGM (Absorbent Gas Mat) batteries are chosen for a variety of applications. Solar utility trailers use Sun Xtender batteries to provide dependable power for electronic construction signs, to harness energy from solar panels and wind turbines. Sun Xtender batteries are maintenance free, housed in shockproof, high impact reinforced cases to restrain from bulging. Sun Xtender terminals and hardware are constructed with copper alloy, corrosion free materials for low impedance connections and maximum connectivity. All Sun Xtender batteries are produced in the USA, under a quality system. Available capacities in 2V, 6V, 12V for grid tied and stand alone systems.

North American Clean Energy


2021 solar buyers guide Bracing & Anchoring


Phocos Americas, Inc.

Gripple, Inc. Gripple’s Photovoltaic (PV) Solutions for ground-mounted arrays provide a reliable, low-cost alternative to traditional methods. Their products provide protection to the array against active forces such as strong winds, natural earth movements, storms, earthquakes, and temperature expansion/ contraction, thus eliminating torsion, tension, and compression issues. The bracing and anchoring kits are lightweight, easy to install, and are versatile enough to be either specified into a site or retrofitted into most existing systems, making them suitable for repairs and refusals.

Business Community

Cornell Dubilier Electronics Next generation inverter designs for renewable energy demand reliable DC link capacitors with higher capacitance values, voltage, and current ratings. 100% of Cornell Dubilier Electronics’ 947D DC Link capacitors are conditioned at accelerated temperature and voltage before they leave the factory. They’ve demonstrated this process eliminates infant mortal failures and produces highly thermally and electrically stable DC Link Capacitors.

Components | Electrical Protection

Charge Controllers

MidNite Solar An MPPT charge controller designed to maximize solar production, the Classic features fully programmable set-points allowing use with virtually any battery chemistry and makes it suitable for pairing with modern Lithium systems. The Classic is a versatile choice for new solar systems or upgrades and is offered with MidNite Solar’s technical support.









CHT USA Silicone encapsulants and sealants offer environmentally friendly, long-term protection to meet the demands of a variety of solar panel applications, from panels to junction boxes. UV resistant encapsulating grades outperform organics. CHT USA offers optically clear and non-yellowing systems, with corrosion-resistant properties, as well as thermally conductive grades for heat management. UL rated, flameretardant, potting grades are also available for junction box applications. Additionally, silicones with primerless adhesion are offered for bonding to a variety of plastics.

Allied Industrial Marketing, Inc. Mangoldt offers a standard product line of 5-in-1 line and load reactors for use in drive applications. Mangoldt’s 5-in-1 reactors are robust enough for use on either line or load side of drives. The 5-in-1 reactor serves at least five different purposes; Line reactor, Load reactor, dv/dt reactor, PWM reactor, and SCR Voltage Notch reactor. SCRs and Thyristors cause voltage notches/extra zero crosses that can interfere with electronic equipment. Mangoldt line and load reactors can be used to reduce SCR voltage notches.

patent pending


EnergyBin EnergyBin is an online business community for the world’s PV professionals to collaborate, buy and sell wholesale solar equipment, and share market intelligence. Over 90% of equipment for sale is new and under warranty. Buyers can send RFQs to members to receive multiple quotes. Sellers can position inventory in front of new buyers. Members can network with industry professionals for business opportunities. Solar companies from across the supply chain are members of EnergyBin. The B2B exchange is a subscription-based service and does not charge transaction fees.

The Phocos CIS-N-MPPT Series of charge controllers offer a solution for off-grid applications such as telemetry, outdoor lighting, SCADA, and monitoring. This product was developed to ensure reliable battery protection under extreme weather/environmental conditions that often results in damaged electronics. The robust CIS-N-MPPT Series also has advanced lighting controls, programmable load timing, is IP68, and can offer 2 years of performance data (with accessory).

Clark Rubber & Plastic Clark Rubber & Plastic is a custom manufacturer of UL extruded and molded rubber and plastic components used in the solar industry. Clark Rubber & Plastic develops and manufactures custom rubber and plastic quality components such as clamp inserts, grommets, rub strips, and fastening applications.


EMA Electromechanics, Inc. EMA Electromechanics is the designer and manufacturer of the VDH/GSMI outdoor 38kV combined vacuum circuit breaker and high speed, mechanically interlocked grounding switch, a system specifically designed for switching and grounding of solar energy collection circuits. The main objective of this unit is to provide a clear signal to inverters to trip within few cycles when a single line to ground fault occurs in any phase of the collection circuit, ensuring overvoltage mitigation. Concerning LVRT and HVRT requirements for the power generation plants, VDH/GSMI support differentiation between internal and external faults providing a valuable discriminatory function.

Mersen NH gBAT fuses are engineered specifically for protection of battery systems. They offer full range protection and can protect very small overcurrents as well as DC fault currents up to 50kA. The NH gBAT fuse series covers various ratings in 1000VDC with NH1 and NH2 sizes, and in 1500VDC with NH1XL, NH2XL, and NH3L.These gBAT fuses comply with new IEC 60269-7 standard draft for battery protection and are available with bolted type blades for direct mounting or with plain blades. Applications include electrical energy storage, battery storage systems, line protection between the battery system and DC/DC converter or battery inverter, and DC grid protection.

Fusetek FUSETEK is an independently-owned supplier of CSA-approved circuit protection and control devices. They have been providing products to the Canadian electrical market for the last 35 years. Their solar line includes a wide range of products from trusted brands like SIBA and Littelfuse fuses, IMO drives and controls, and Vynckier fiberglass enclosures to name a few. They carry a substantial inventory to provide fast, reliable delivery for their solar customers.

KG Technologies KG Technologies, founded in 1999, is dedicated to development and high quality, high volume manufacturing of switching systems for the global energy market. Their ability to provide added value, cost effective solutions, flexibility, and on-time deliveries to their customers translates into reducing the overall expense.




Not affiliated with or endorsed by Ridge Tool Company or RIGID, Inc.

North American Clean Energy


2021 solar buyers guide

Phoenix Contact The Phoenix Contact TRIO DC/DC converter connects directly to solar arrays. It converts high-voltage DC from PV strings to 24VDC, eliminating the costs and hassle of trenching to supply AC power for monitoring, weather stations, and other array applications. TRIO DC/DC converter has a wide DC voltage input range and is suitable for 1500V nominal PV solar arrays. Outputs are electrically isolated 24VDC with currents up to 8A. The TRIO DC/ DC converter can be wired in parallel with the use of a decoupling diode for higher current applications or with a DC UPS for back-up power. TRIO Power is certified to UL 62109, facilitating the approval overall system approvals.

Quality Transformers and Electronics

Woehner LLC

QT&E custom designs and manufactures transformers, inductors, reactors, and assemblies for power supply, distribution, and power quality. Their products range in power from 50VA to over 2.5MW. For renewable energy applications they provide isolation, grounding, and harmonic mitigating transformers, and rectifier transformers. They have extensive experience working with solar and wind power equipment manufacturers and with grid level equipment needs. They are ISO registered and have licenses with TUV Rheinland to provide safety agency approvals on their parts and assemblies. They have manufacturing facilities in Northern and Southern California and a new facility under construction in Western Nevada.

Woehner has received a UL listing of its 22x58 fuse holder to the UL4248-18 standard at 80A, 1500Vdc. This fuse holder satisfies the growing trend for parallel strings being fused at higher current ratings in 1500V systems. The AMBUS Panel is IP20 touch-safe and provides a safe, tool-free fuse insertion and extraction, for easy fuse installation and replacement. This fuse holder uses an advanced grade plastic material in the fuse carrier to satisfy the higher operating temperatures associated with PV fuses. Made in the USA.

Raycap, Inc. Raycap provides strong protection for DC applications. Raycap's Strikesorb 35 and ProTec PV are specifically designed to protect the power in PV applications worldwide.

Consulting Services | Business & Environmental Consultants

SCHURTER SCHURTER’s latest single-stage EMC filter series for 3-phase systems with a neutral line is the FMAD NEO. Especially compact with high performance, the new filter series is suited for use in today's more portable industrial machines. A wide temperature range further extends its capabilities for use in demanding climatic applications. The FMAD NEO is especially suited for applications with high electro-magnetic loads, such as converters for photovoltaic systems, battery storage units, or charging stations for electric vehicles. It is a solution for the latest developments in fast switching frequency inverters. SCHURTER has a wide portfolio of single phase and 3-phase EMC filters.

Electrical Consultants, Inc. Electrical Consultants Inc. (ECI) is a power delivery engineering firm which brings power delivery services through 500kV to their clients. ECI provides services including overhead and underground transmission engineering, substation and switchyard design, industrial power systems design, land survey and construction staking, right-of-way services, environmental planning, project management, construction management, and procurement services to utilities.

Schlesinger Consulting

STEGO, Inc. Wind and solar developers can protect their mission-critical components with STEGO DC heaters and thermostats which allow users to regulate the temperature and humidity inside their enclosures. By accurately controlling the thermal conditions, users will increase the lifespan of their applications and protect revenue by avoiding forced outages.



Schlesinger Consulting provides electrical engineering services related to wind and photovoltaic projects, specifically related to the protection of those systems from the effects of lightning and high energy transients.

Black & Veatch Black & Veatch can support renewable energy needs for both customer-sited and utility-owned projects. They find solutions meeting the business requirements and operational needs of their clients by providing a full-service approach which unites engineers, consultants, policy experts, construction managers, and execution resources to create a tailor-made program.

TerraPro Solutions TerraPro Solutions provides expertise in the development of utility scale solar projects. Comprehensive services include site feasibility analysis, land acquisition, ALTA surveys, title and title insurance, risk mitigation, and due diligence for investment and financing. Comprehensive services continue through construction, compliance, and post-construction operations.

Contractors | EPC

Arntjen Clean Energy Solutions The Arntjen Group was founded in 1978. With solar as their grass roots, they expanded into clean energy, electromobilty, and conservation, offering solutions to help clients find better ways to minimize the dependency on fossil fuels. Arntjen Clean Energy Solutions (ACES) continues meeting the changing needs with sustainability being their focus.

QuickBOLT: The Original Top Mount 8 years ago our competitors said top mount installation methods would never work, installers will never go for it, and you can’t get around lifting shingles. Well that wasn’t good enough. We took the leap anyways, because we believed not lifting shingles was the answer to installer’s problems. We believed solar mounting could be easier.

Each year that goes by makes QuickBOLT the longest standing top mount solution on the market, and with zero reported leaks. But don’t just take it from us, hear it from YOUR competitors in our customer testimonials. They’ll prove to you why you should try out the QuickBOLT on your next project.

We heard how traditional flashing was falling short, and we acted. For 8 years since then, installers have been adopting QuickBOLT’s compression-sealing method and for 8 years we’ve continually proven this method to be tried and true for speed and effect. Our recommendation of installing over the shingle has steadily become the fastest growing solution amongst our customers AND our competitors - and we couldn’t be more excited!

Scan this QR code to watch video.

There may be other top mount solutions on the market but none of them have been on roofs as long as the QuickBOLT. Plus, QuickBOLT is the ONLY compression-sealed top mount solution. Why get the knock-offs when you can have the original?

8 Years Ahead of the Curve... Black & McDonald Black & McDonald is an integrated, multi-trade service provider that safely delivers high-quality construction, facilities management, and technical solutions to government, institutional, and industry clients.

Patent #8448407



2016 QuickBOLT1

2012 The Original QuickBOLT


(888) 567-0832 QUICKBOLT.COM

North American Clean Energy


2021 solar buyers guide

RES (Renewable Energy Systems) GRS Blattner Energy Blattner Energy is an engineering, procurement, and construction (EPC) renewable energy contractor with more than a century of large-scale project experience and over 35,000MW of renewable energy installed. Blattner generates collaborative construction solutions nationwide with customer service in project feasibility; engineering and design capabilities; material procurement and management; pre-construction activities; full-service construction; testing and startup; and operations and maintenance (O&M). Blattner powers forward to provide value and innovative solutions throughout all phases of the project lifecycle.

GRS specializes in the construction, promotion, and operation of large scale photovoltaic plants and their connection to the grid, offering a wide range of in-house services and solutions in accordance with the needs of each client. From engineering design and commissioning, to the supply of solar tracking systems, including O&M works and innovative energy storage solutions. GRS is in charge of all phases of the project, which together with its times, cost, and bankability, optimize the ROI of the investments from the very first day. Its business strategy consists of developing, building, and operating large-scale projects to offer a complete and integrated photovoltaic solution.

Invaleon Solar Established in 2011, Invaleon has been in business since the start of the solar boom in Massachusetts and takes solar projects from the initial planning stages through commissioning. Invaleon in-houses all services, providing full engineering, procurement, and construction (EPC). Invaleon has installed more than 40MW of solar in Massachusetts since its inception.

New Dawn Energy Solutions New Dawn Energy Solutions is an energy technology company that provides solar, storage, EV charging, and energy efficiency optimization solutions to residential, industrial, and institutional customers. They engage in all aspects of energy systems infrastructure, including assessment, design, development, installation, monitoring, and maintenance. Their energy solutions range from off-grid urban homes to turnkey microgrids that are sited on urban rooftops to the remote regions. They are vendor-neutral and take a holistic approach in formulating energy solutions that are best suited for their customers’ needs. Their energy solutions include grid-tied, hybrid, off-grid, solar water pumping, and microgrid. Their service solutions include renewable energy system design and integration, project management, energy audits and site assessments, and plant commissioning.

Green Source EPC, LLC Green Source EPC is a provider of solar energy for commercial developments in North America. Green Source EPC works with customers from design through installation to produce custom efficient solar projects. With its self-performing capabilities, Green Source EPC accelerates the design, engineering, procurement, and construction timelines to improve quality and eliminate multi-sourcing challenges.

RES (Renewable Energy Systems) is an independent renewable energy company, which has delivered 19GW of renewable energy projects across the globe over the past 38 years, including over 2400MW of solar in North America. They leverage their experience as both a developer and self-perform EPC contractor to deliver value-added solutions to lower the levelized cost of energy (LCOE) for their customers. The RES team has domain expertise in solar, wind, energy storage, and transmission with a strong portfolio of EPC projects.

Rosendin Electric Rosendin brings its experience and capabilities as a diversified Union electrical contractor to its role as a full-service EPC for behind the meter distributed generation and utility-scale solar farms. They have installed over 3GW of solar across the US with projects ranging from 500kW to more than 600MW, utilizing PV or thin-film technology across rooftop, canopy, and fixed or single-axis tracker groundmount installations. The company provides in-house full-service design-build solutions for medium voltage collection systems, turnkey power substations, long haul transmission installations, and Battery Energy Storage for all types of renewable energy projects nationwide.

Lauren E&C Lauren Engineers & Constructors, Inc. is a full service choice for utility scale PV solar design and direct hire construction. In addition to EPC services, they also also offer standalone subcontract services for electrical and pile driving services as well as startup assistance. With their fleet of PD10 pile driving machines, they are able to mobilize quickly and efficiently to sites across the US. Lauren has experience with project sizes up to ~250MW including full EPC participation as well as standalone services.

Pfister Energy Pfister Energy has been engineering and installing commercial, industrial, and utility solar systems for eighteen years. It serves a variety of organizations, including businesses, schools, hospitals, governments, and utilities. As a solar EPC, Pfister Energy offers turnkey solar solutions from start to finish. The Pfister Energy team has extensive solar permitting, engineering, financing, procurement, and construction experience. Options include battery storage, ground mount, roof mount, and solar canopies.

RP Construction Services, Inc. RP Construction Services, Inc. (RPCS) provides EPCs and developers full turnkey support for utility-scale solar tracker projects. By bringing installation simplicity and a streamlined, cost-effective experience to maximize project returns, RPCS offers seamless project execution. From engineering and supply to complete mechanical installation and Safe Harbor services, RPCS is supporting solar EPCs and developers on both individual projects and national portfolios.



Education | Research Development Signal Energy Constructors

Stardust Solar

Signal Energy is an EPC contractor for North American and Australian energy companies and provides solutions, delivers results, and attracts and develops a quality work force. Signal Energy has 9000MW of utility-scale renewable project experience and 3700MW of solar project experience. They support their customers with an in-house Pre-construction Solutions Group, internal mechanical installation resources, and engineering and design capabilities. This allows Signal Energy to control and coordinate the critical project components reducing schedule risk for their customers.

Renewable energy courses and certification offered throughout North America. Training and certifications are offered via online, virtual, and in-person with hands-on experience from industry experts working in the field of renewable energy.

Power Up With Chilicon

Stable Solar, Inc. Stable Solar can help customers turn their residential solar asset management into a consistent revenue stream and increase customer satisfaction. Stable Solar provides a complete range of post-installation services to installers and finance companies seeking to eliminate frustrations with service and monitoring requests. Stable Solar provides monitoring, remote diagnosis, comprehensive repair and equipment replacement, customer support, and tailored service plans to home solar owners across the U.S.

Ten years ago our founders set out to create the world’s most technologically advanced microinverter system… made right here in the USA. Mission Accomplished.



Data Acquisition


DEWESoft DEWESoft provides data acquisition equipment specializing in electrical and/or mechanical applications. With their instrumentation, the user can synchronously acquire electrical, mechanical, digital, video (high speed, thermal, etc.), BUS (many various protocols), and other inputs into their refined, user friendly, powerful software for a wide range of measurement applications. DEWESoft instrumentation is commonly used in commissioning, troubleshooting, certifying, monitoring, and general R&D for a wide range of applications.

Single and Duo Microinverter ■ ■ ■ ■

CP720 supports two modules (60, 72 or 96 cell) at 240 or 208V - Up to 430W each. 7 kW system possible on one branch circuit – no subpanel required! Built-in protection circuitry mitigates grid instabilities Field or web adjustable firmware supports Rule21 or IEEE1547-2018 requirements

Modular Trunk Cable ■ Pre-terminated standardized lengths simplify installation ■ TC-ER cable with 10 AWG wire supports 30A branch circuits

Versatile Gateway ■ ■ ■ ■

Auto detection of up to 255 attached micros Easily integrates into AC coupled battery or generator augmented systems Robust PLC: >500’ connectivity Allows for production/consumption monitoring and zero net export All products are designed, manufactured, and supported in the USA.

(310) 800-1396 North American Clean Energy 55

2021 solar buyers guide Electrical Wire, Cable, & Connectors Luvata Offering small voltage connectors, socket bodies, and pins found in renewable energy, Luvata puts its metallurgical and cold-forming expertise into every connector. With several material options available, Luvata cold-formed connectors deliver performance and reliability.

4SProducts 4SProducts increases its manufacturing capacity for PV cables. 4SProducts solar cables are manufactured in a wide variety of conductor sizes and are rated RHH/RHW-2 as per UL44, UL4703, and UL854 standards. Their solar cables are also certified to meet H1Z2Z2-K to EN 50618 and TUV 2 PFG 1169 standards. To meet market demands, these PV cables can be packed with a wide variety of options. The halogen free cables have demonstrated outstanding results in harsh weather conditions and are offered with a 36-month warranty.

Stäubli Electrical Connectors Anderson Power Products Anderson Power Products SPEC Pak Solar Connector Series are rugged and environmentally sealed (IP68) certified connectors made from PC/PBT material that offers operating temperatures of ‐40°F to 221°F, and certified to UL94 V‐0 flame resistant and UL6703 standards. Available in wire‐to‐wire or wire‐to‐panel configurations that include either pin and socket or flat wiping contact technology. SPEC Pak connectors integrate well in the solar industry working with an inverter, junction box, or metered connection that demands a waterproof high‐power interconnect solution for power, ground, and signaling capabilities, minimizing the amount of space needed while lowering installation costs.

American Wire Group American Wire Group (AWG) is a global supplier of wire and cable to the solar, wind, and utility industries. Specific to the solar power industry, AWG offers PV, power, control, transmission, and fiber optic cables. Handling large, utility-scale, as well as smaller, residential projects, AWG offers a variety of products to meet wire and cable needs, including the following: 15kV to 35kV TR-XLPE/EPR; ACSR/AAAC/AAC; PV AL cable; bare copper, aluminum, or copper clad steel; static/guy wire; OPGW; and related hardware.

Paige Renewable Energy Paige Renewable Energy is a sixty plus year old company that offers all types of cables including AC cables 35kV, DC cables 2kV, bare copper, fiber optic, stand alone or ducted and/or pre-terminated. Over-molded harnesses, and strings. Extender/Homeruns/ jumper cables pre-assembled, tagged and packaged for Plug and Play integration. They also offer cable management.

As an experienced specialist for electrical connectors in the field of alternative energies, Stäubli offers long-lasting quality components and technical service that help to increase performance ratio (kwh/kw), decrease downtime, extend system lifetime, and reduce cost of O&M. Safe and efficient products along the whole electrical PV supply chain provide reliability and increase the bankability of the project. Whether for on-board applications with high vibration resistance or for infrastructure applications with high mating cycles, Stäubli ensures high performance reliability and safety.

Enclosures | Combiner Boxes

Cameron Wire & Cable, Inc. Cameron Wire & Cable provides UL 4703 PV 1kV/2kV (aluminum and copper) cables and UL 1072 MV cables. Cameron offers affordable pricing and high performance cables for all applications and will customize the cable package, offering cut-to-length or bulk cables, accessories, labels, and lugs supplied in kits. Cameron also offers inventory management and will warehouse planned goods at no charge, and provides same-day shipping to satisfy tight job deadlines.


Priority Wire & Cable Electrotech Sales Group, LLC Electrotech Sales Group, LLC offers automation, control, and power products in the industrial market. They specialize in DIN rail terminal blocks, power supplies, counters, relays, motor control, circuit breakers, toggle switch terminal blocks, and more. They partner with synergistic manufacturers and suppliers in order to offer high quality products at competitive prices.

Priority Wire & Cable stocks a large inventory of aluminum DC feeder cables PV 2KV, 4 AWG thru 1000 MCM, plus 8 and 10 AWG copper 2KV string wire in black, white, red, and green. They have supplied wire to over 15GW of projects and can assist in eliminating unexpected costs, and reducing lead time, waste, and labor.

Fibox is a global manufacturer of UV resistant polycarbonate enclosures and cabinets for the alternative energy industry. Fibox enclosures are designed not only to protect and insulate components and controls in the harshest of environments, but also to provide a stylish, more robust alternative to metal and fiberglass boxes. Fibox polycarbonate enclosures offer a stronger, yet lighter and more flexible solution, which can easily be modified to exact needs and specifications. Fibox can also customize enclosures in advance, providing customers with a ready-to-use product right out of the packaging. Sized up to 32" x 24" x 12", Fibox offers large UL Listed NEMA 4x polycarbonate enclosures.



Sentinel Solar Sentinel Solar's all new SENBOX battery enclosures house either SimpliPhi Lithium Batteries or Surrette AGM Batteries and take the guess work out of designing energy storage systems. The enclosures feature a flat pack design for cost effective shipping and can be assembled in a matter of minutes. These modular enclosures can be stacked vertically and horizontally to fit the available space. They also include battery busbar connections and allow for optional breaker integration.


Maysteel fabricates custom renewable energy enclosures for energy storage, battery storage, generators, solar inverters, and more. Maysteel provides buildable designs that can quickly and easily scale, fabrication support for changes in demand, and enclosures that meet rigorous standards, including NEMA 3R and NEMA 4 standards.

Nordic Fiberglass, Inc. Nordic Fiberglass has been manufacturing products for the underground electrical industry since 1971. Nordic manufactures 35kV 600Amp junction cabinets for solar projects and wind farms. Nordic also manufactures box pads for pad-mount equipment, like single and three phase transformer box pads, and box pads for air and oil-filled switchgear.

Sentinel Control Products The Sentinel CS-1 Control Switch Safety Covers protects manual and electrically operated control switches from accidental operation, ensuring that employees can safely protect, lock, and tag a Circuit Breaker control system. The CS-1 is made from high-impact clear polycarbonate, allowing view of the control switch position indicators. The CS-1 is easily added to existing rotary control switches, requires only a few minutes with no drilling required, no need to remove the switch from the panel, and no disturbing the wiring. The CS-1’s locking tab accepts multi-lock hasps or single padlocks. Their Control Switch Safety cover is compatible with Electroswitch, General Electric, Shallco and GE/ITI switches. The CS-1 is a “UL” recognized component and can be installed by “UL 508A” panel shops.

North American Clean Energy


2021 solar buyers guide

Trachte Trachte provides engineering and manufacturing of control houses and E-houses for the substation and renewable markets. Utility providers, OEMs, and EPC firms choose to partner with Trachte for their manufacturing facilities, project execution, and problem-solving abilities. Trachte pre-assembled, modular steel buildings and integrated packages provide protection, energy efficiency, quality, and convenience for highly technical customers and applications.

Energy Management Systems

Heila Technologies The Heila EDGE platform is a full featured solution to enable microgrids and optimized distributed energy systems. The platform provides onsite controls as well as a remote cloud system which includes secure data collection, visualization, and control. This enables clients to automate operations, perform manual dispatch, and perform behind-the-meter economic optimization. Once their technology is integrated into a system, Heila becomes a committed partner, supporting its clients during commissioning, deployment, and years of operations.

Smappee Smappee is an all-in-one energy management system for commercial, industrial, and residential use. Gather data on solar production and energy, gas, and water consumption. Consult the real-time and historical data in a user-friendly app or tailored dashboard. Add smart control and enable automated dynamic load balancing for self-sufficiency and smart EV charging with overload protection.

TEAMSESCO TEAMSESCO offers full reconditioning, repair, and load testing on many brands of solar inverters including ABB, AE, SMA, Xantrex, Kaco, and more. Their newest test equipment engineered and built exclusively for the solar industry, gives their technicians the ability to fully test power sections from many types of utility scale solar inverters. The custom and OEM specific load systems, test and exercise every component within the unit, giving their customers reliable and long-lasting repairs. Their unique reverse engineering process also allows them to identify OEM design flaws and weak points providing the ability to upgrade many units for longer life expectancy. All units come with a 1 year warranty.

Energy Storage System

Atlas ESS Atlas Energy Storage Systems are inexpensive, high performing lithium ion based systems. All Atlas ESS products have approvals from nationally recognized test labs. Atlas products comply with the new provisions for energy storage systems in the 2017 edition of the National Electric Code (NEC). Professionals and DIYers alike can assemble NEC compliant Energy Storage Systems using Atlas components. Cabinets, BMS, and controls are available separately or in pre-assembled systems.

Energy Service Providers

e-On Batteries, Inc. e-On Batteries, a Fort Worth, TX area supplier with national scope, is a developer of lithium iron phosphate (LiFePO4) based energy storage systems with a focus on product safety. The company’s UL 1973 listed and CEC approved and listed modules are engineered as scalable building blocks to enable larger systems, and its 19" rack-mounted modular systems are easily configured from 12.8kWh residential systems to 4.8MWh container-based systems and more. With over 20 million deployed calls and zero catastrophic failures, combined with cell-level BMS monitoring and control systems, expert engineering liaison and certified installers, e-On Batteries provides full value to their customers.

FUERGY FUERGY is a technology company providing solutions for energy optimization. For this purpose, it has developed its own modular battery system and software platform powered by artificial intelligence, which meets the special needs of energy management. From energy storage to automated energy trading and dispatch systems, FUERGY offers complex, cost-effective, tailor-made solutions. The company was founded in 2017 by energy experts with the aim of changing the way people use and share electricity and thus accelerate the transition to energy decentralization with a high share of renewables.

Blue Planet Energy SWITCH Power Corporation As an Independent Power Producer (IPP), SWITCH focuses on capital deployment in long-term infrastructure assets through creative projects, creative financing, and creative commercial structures. SWITCH provides sustainable power generation solutions by lowering electricity costs through physical supply and filling grid capacity with low-cost electricity supply from sustainable sources, leveraging the appropriate technology (solar, wind, storage, EMS) for each project. They provide resiliency and ancillary services to both physical customers and the grid with energy storage, as well as utilize energy management and predictive market algorithm-based software systems.

The Blue Ion LX from Blue Planet Energy is a grid-optional energy storage solution that integrates a wide range of energy sources to power businesses, critical infrastructure, and global resilience projects independent of, or in conjunction with, the utility grid. Built in the USA, the Blue Ion LX solution integrates energy storage, system intelligence, and site controls in a ruggedized enclosure, and it includes a pre-tested and pre-configured battery inverter. Blue Planet Energy supports the Blue Ion LX with a suite of services, including project design and sales support, installation and commissioning support, and O&M services.

Icarus RT, Inc. Icarus is an advanced engineering company developing a PV/thermal solar plus storage cogeneration system that increases PV array power output by 12%, stores heat, and produces hot water and/or additional power on-demand. Icarus’ Quartet systems improves PV output while charging the thermal batteryy. Icarus will install and test commercial pilots in 2021 and expects full production early 2022.



Nuvation Energy Nuvation Energy’s High-Voltage BMS provides cell- and stack-level control for battery stacks up to 1250VDC. One Stack Switchgear unit manages each stack. Cell Interface modules connect directly to battery cells to measure cell voltages and temperatures and provide cell balancing. The UL 1973 Recognized BMS modules in each stack ensure safe battery operation and significantly reduce the effort of pursuing UL 9540 certification.

MPINarada MPINarada offers stationary energy storage solutions using 3rd generation Narada designed and manufactured LFP cells and modules integrated into both standard and custom solution offerings. These systems provide an integrated solution (cabinet, rack, containerized system) or individual units (cells, modules, racks) for third party or on-site integration. MPINarada has Project Managers throughout the USA and Service Technicians in the USA and Canada. MPINarada has developed training, operation, and service programs that will allow key stakeholder personnel to fully adopt MPINarada product offerings into their existing operations.

Nel Hydrogen, Inc. Nel Hydrogen manufacturers Alkaline and Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) water electrolysers, producing from 0.27 NM3 to 4,000 Nm3 of H2 per hour. Units can be grouped together into electrolyser plants for even larger production rates. Electrolysers are used to store excess electricity from renewable resources in the H2 bond. The H2 can then be sold to industry (converting curtailed power to cash), or burned in a turbine or run through a fuel cell to put the stored energy onto the grid during periods of low generation or peak demand. Due to their fast response times the PEM electrolysers are also used by renewable energy plants to balance the power the plant puts onto the grid.


RUGGED EXCEPTIONAL DEPENDABLE Our distinctive red cases are well-recognized around the world and represent our longstanding commitment to deliver products with exceptional quality, reliability and support. Flooded models include Advanced NAM carbon additive for quicker, more efďŹ cient charging; improving performance and cycle life in traditional off-grid applications. Just one more reason to choose Rolls batteries.


ROLLSBATTERY.COM North American Clean Energy


2021 solar buyers guide Engineering | Operations & Maintenance (O&M)

POWER Engineers, Inc.

SolaX Power

Sinexcel, Inc. The SINEXCEL UL9540 certified and NFPA855:2020 compliant ISO 20/40/45 ft pre-engineered AC/DC energy storage container with built-in HVAC/FSS, is compatible with various battery systems, including but not limited to LFP/NCM/NCA/ AGM/GEL. The modular design and separate electric room benefits from ETL/CPUC/ HECO listed modular and transformer-less PCS, offers maximum space for the battery, and flexible configuration in AC power and voltage. The built-in panel and switches, optional transformer, fire suppression, and local controls reduce many complications and cost of installation. There are also NEMA 3R rating cabinet for 30kw up to 100kwh suitable for community, commercial, and industrial applications.

SolaX A1-ESS system is especially designed for the North American market. It includes the hybrid/retrofit inverter and the storage battery, the Triple Power battery.

FlightTurf, LLC FlightTurf sells grass seed to plant beneath solar arrays so operations and maintenance organizations don’t have to mow. This saves lots of money, makes the arrays operate more efficiently, and makes the O&M people happy. Sold in the US and Canada.

Span The Span Smart Panel is purpose-built for solar and storage. Span makes it easy to install clean energy projects and paired with battery, delivers smart battery backup. The Span app lets homeowners easily see backup time remaining and control backup priority. The Span panel automatically sheds not essential loads in the case of an outage. No more re-wiring of a limited selection of backed up loads. Span unlocks home energy monitoring and controls for whole-home and circuit-level in real-time.

NEI Electrical Power Engineering, Inc. NEI provides professional expertise and design engineering services for all aspects of power systems engineering. NEI has assembled a group of engineers, technical specialists, designers, CAD operators, and support personnel who have many years of experience in practically all aspects of electric power system engineering. NEI designs reliable power systems from conceptual stages to detail design including construction management and commissioning. NEI specializes in substation design through 500kV, transmission and distribution line design, protective relaying schemes and setting design, and system commissioning.

From U.S. urban centers to remote African villages, POWER Engineers delivers solar PV systems that meet complex on-the-ground needs across the globe. Their experienced staff provides owner’s engineering, environmental, and engineering design services for medium voltage collection systems, site civil, communications, SCADA, substations, and transmission interconnect lines. They perform upfront interconnection support and complete electrical system studies, as well as construction management, inspection services, and testing and commissioning. Their team lays the foundation to help make the most of an investment by designing reliable and cost-effective plant systems which also minimize O&M costs.

Right Angle Engineering Right Angle Engineering provides solar analysis for residential solar installation. Their simple system allows companies to easily submit a job and receive a roof evaluation letter within a few hours.

NEO Virtus Engineering Trimark Associates, Inc

Sol-Ark The now outdoor rated, Sol-Ark 12K makes solar storage affordable due to efficiency and integration. Installers appreciate Sol-Ark’s easy-to-install plug and play all-in-one design. Key features include: standard 10-year warranty, dual 500V MPPTs generate up to 12kW of PV power to Grid/UPS loads/batteries simultaneously, TOU applications, automatic On/Off Grid, parallel stacking up to 9 systems for 81kW of continuous AC output and up to 117kW of connected PV. 120V/240V/208V with one or more units, rapid shutdown NEC2014/2017/2020 compliance, DC coupling, and AC coupling all in one system.

Trimark develops, installs, and maintains performance management systems for utility-scale power sites, including PV+storage. Trimark’s Energy Storage Controller manages and controls Battery Management Systems and PV load and information to ensure power quality, reduce delays, and eliminate grid expansion costs by managing power flow. Additionally, Trimark is a member of the Modular Energy Storage Architecture (MESA) Standards Alliance, which seeks to establish open communication standards for energy storage installations.

NEO Virtus Engineering offers PSS/E and PSCAD models for utility or reginal operator DG interconnection applications. They specialize in preparing and testing the project-specific PSS/E and PSCAD models for DG systems including inverters, MV AC collection systems, and all major power equipment. Their models incorporate all regional requirements for protection, ride-through, and real/reactive power controls. NEO Virtus has provided modeling supports to many clients for DER Clustered Studies, Congested Areas Studies, Affected System Operator (ASO) Studies, and for T&D ISO level Small Generator Interconnection requests.

Sargent & Lundy Helping clients evaluate and implement solar technologies is an integral part of Sargent & Lundy's leadership mandate. The firm supports developers, owners, investors, contractors, manufacturers, and research organizations with diverse projects. Experience includes solar resource assessments; owner's engineer; due diligence and conceptual/detailed facility design; as well as grid interconnection for PV, trough, tower, and dish technology. Sargent & Lundy offers complete engineering, project services, and consulting for power generation and transmission projects.



Taney Engineering Solar Support Assess equipment health and diagnose central inverter failures before they become an issue. In just 24 hours, Solar Support analyzes SCADA data, evaluates components, pinpoints impeding issues or failure trends, and help asset owners ensure they have the right parts on site for rapid corrective maintenance. They also offer field support and training to help teams resolve tough equipment issues. Their online knowledge portal is free and open to the solar community, helping technicians anywhere troubleshoot inverter faults.

Stellar Sun Stellar Sun provides economic analysis, design, and EPC for larger scale single axis tracking facilities in southeast USA.

Taney Engineering provides site development services including zoning and entitlements feasibility studies, grading plans, street plans and profiles, hydrology studies, aerial mapping, ground support services, A.L.T.A. surveys, boundary and topographical surveys, and construction staking. Their drainage (hydrology/hydraulic) services include hydrologic modeling, channel and storm drain design, storm drain hydraulic modeling, flood control, masterplanning, sedimentation and erosion modeling, stormwater detention/retention basin design, FEMA flood plain delineation, and letters of map revisions, conditional letters of map revisions, flood plain and open channel hydraulic modeling, as well as hydraulic design of bridges and culverts.




AC Combiners Built for YOUR application 100kW to 1.6MW units

DC Combiners Isolating, Floating, AFCI, 1500V, and String Inverter types

Swanson Structural Engineering, Inc. Renewable Energy Structures, a specialty division of Swanson Structural Engineering,Inc., located in Folsom, CA provides competent renewable engineering consulting services and is dedicated to helping customers find the structural solution that fits with their company’s needs. Providing structural analysis, consulting, permitting assistance, plan check assistance, for component manufacturers, solar racking systems, roof mounted and ballast specialists, floating solar, and carports. Currently licensing in multiple states to serve their nationally based clients.

Rapid Shutdown Code compliance made easy

Combiners | Recombiners | AFCI | AC Combiners | Wire Solutions Rapid Shutdown | String Inverter Solutions | Battery Combiners

North American Clean Energy


2021 solar buyers guide Financial Services Wanzek Construction Wanzek’s solar team specializes in designing, procuring, and constructing complex commercial, community, and utility-scale solar power projects. They approach projects systematically, providing innovative solutions to each project from initial development and design through construction and operations. Their engineering team has the expertise to provide a high level of industry value to their clients by ensuring an accurate feasibility process. Their solar designs are developed with a focus on maximizing investment returns through performance analysis, delivery of bankable designs, high quality equipment, and maximizing project output with minimal life-cycle cost. Wanzek’s capabilities include: civil/road/earthwork construction, substation and switchyard construction, transmission line construction, piling and racking installation, panel/module installation, electrical trenching and cabling installation (AC&DC), electrical terminations (AC&DC), equipment placement, commissioning and turnover, and operations and maintenance services.

Westlake Consultants, Inc.

Vertex Resource Group, Ltd.

Westlake Consultants supports the solar industry with civil engineering, land survey, and land use planning consulting for site development and installation of solar arrays, high-tech manufacturing sites, and battery storage facilities. Their energy team works in the Pacific NW and select other states offering due diligence/feasibility studies, drainage studies, transportation planning assistance, civil site design, and permitting assistance. They offer a full array of survey services including field survey, ALTA surveys, and construction surveying. Their experience with difficult sites and knowledge of construction economics enables them to support clients throughout project development.

Since 1962, Vertex has been a North American environmental services provider of regulatory compliance monitoring and site assessments, right of way land acquisition, biophysical assessments (wildlife, vegetation, and aquatic), soil survey and acquisition, and Phase I, II, III environmental site assessments. Vertex’s team of environmental professionals take the time to build an understanding of client needs and of the specific environments in which they operate, in order to help clients achieve their short and long-term financial, social, and environmental goals.

Equipment Manufacturer

Vermeer Clean Energy Associates The CEA Commercial and Engineering teams work in parallel with customers to provide on-the-ground support in Asian, US factories, and system job sites, as well as a greater understanding of local business and manufacturing processes to ensure that products ordered are the same as products delivered with Supply Chain Management, Quality Assurance, Engineering Services, and Market Intelligence.

Vermeer offers a complete portfolio of equipment and support solutions from land clearing and utility installation work to facility construction. Vermeer brush and whole tree chippers, tub grinders, and horizontal grinders are used to clear land. Vermeer trenchers, plows, and horizontal directional drills are used widely for electrical wiring and connecting solar farms to the grid. For installing piles, the Vermeer pile driver lineup includes lightweight, remote-controlled machines that can move from pile to pile accurately and efficiently, as well as more robust models with added hammering power and seated operator’s stations.

EV Charging

Solar focused electrical and mechanical components for O&M repairs from stock. OEM and WECS Solutions products from Semikron, TE, ABB, Schneider, Burndy, 3M, Siemens, and includes IGBT’s and other inverter internal components, DC solar cable connectors, and substation parts such as MV CB, transformer, MV, LCDC, and LVAC parts from combiner modules and MV connections and splices for BOP new construction and repair.

CleanView Capital is an equipment finance company specializing in making ownership of solar affordable and profitable for commercial and industrial companies nationwide. The Clean Energy Ownership Program uses a traditional equipment operating lease with attractive purchase options to create an affordable path to ownership at a reduced price. The program appeals to S Corps and LLCs that cannot directly benefit from a federal income tax credit as well as private and public companies seeking to optimize value and avoid budget constraints. Transactions from $100,000 to $10 Million. The program’s lessor is a federally regulated bank with more than $80 billion of assets.

Environmental Consultants | Business Services

WECS Renewables

CleanView Capital, LLC

UHG Consulting UHG’s services include: SBA 504 green loan energy analysis, UHG offers this service for businesses wanting to secure loans through the SBA 504 Green loan program by going solar go or investing in energy reduction measures; LEED certification, UHG can manage any facet of a LEED project; Energy benchmarking, UHG creates and manages ENERGYSTAR portfolio's for buildings to ensure legal requirements are filled accurately, completely, and on schedule; and energy storage, UHG can design, consult, and implement battery storage solutions for small to large stationary storage needs.

Paired Power SEVO SunStation EV chargers will charge an electric vehicle from 100% on-site solar energy, a resource for public and workplace parking areas. SEVO SunStation EV chargers are designed to integrate with any solar system and SEVO SunStation EV charger offers charging rates up to 17kW per vehicle and is compatible with all battery electric vehicle models, such as Chevy Bolt, Nissan Leaf, and Tesla. kWh pricing is available to allow commercial customers to earn revenue on EV chargers. SEVO SunStation EV chargers are an add-on and revenue generator to any commercial solar project.

Univest Capital Univest Capital partners with developers and businesses to offer flexible terms, competitive rates, simple documentation, and fast credit decisions to make securing a solar lease quick and easy. Univest Capital, Inc. is a subsidiary of Univest Bank and Trust Co., an Equal Opportunity Lender.

Floating Solar

Ciel & Terre USA, Inc. The floating solar platform, Hydrelio, enables PV panels to be installed on large water bodies such as drinking water reservoirs, quarry lakes, irrigation ponds, or even tailing ponds. It is a simple and affordable alternative to groundmounted solar systems. Hydrelio is particularly suitable for energy and water-intensive industries which can't afford to lose either land or water. Wineries, dairy or fish farms, mining companies, wastewater treatment plants, irrigation districts, and water agencies are examples of organizations benefiting from the synergy this technology creates between sun and water.

Hazelett Marine Hazelett Marine is a provider for designing, building, and installing mooring/anchoring solutions for floating solar arrays for over 30 years. Hazelett Marine is skilled in dealing with high speed winds, large waves, strong currents, and large water variations. With multiple partnerships throughout the industry, Hazelett Marine can assist projects become reality with turnkey floating solar solutions.



Foundations Concast, Inc. Kyoraku Co., Ltd. Totora Floating Solar can provide a turnkey solution for the PV power plant on the water. Totora FPV consists of Kyoraku's float products (HDPE blow molding) and anchoring systems by Hazelett Marine. Due to the water’s cooling effect, floating PV systems provide efficient energy generation, and to conserve water quality, it can keep the rate of evaporation at minimum and inhibit the algae growth.

Concast provides product solutions and supplies their clients with precast concrete materials in a timely manner, while still upholding high quality standards. They have specialized in precast concrete products for the electrical industry since 1969. Their product line includes trench, pull boxes, handholes, vaults, box pads, flat pads, and modular ground sleeves.

Inspired by nature

Mooring Systems, Inc. Mooring Systems, Inc. is a worldwide distributor of helix anchors. Mooring Systems, Inc.'s line of round shaft and square top screw anchors provide a methodology to minimize the environmental footprint when anchoring a solar installation. Their anchoring solutions have a strong holding capacity and pullout strength. Their decades of experience in anchoring solutions enable them to provide customized product selections specific to any project.


by RBI Solar

The breakthrough design of ® single-axis tracker has been equipped with enhanced capabilities, making it the most complete single-axis tracker system in the marketplace.



Totora Floating Solar Totora provides turnkey floating solar solutions utilizing major international brands for projects seeking to install photovoltaics on water. Totora has experience scoping, designing, and installing floating arrays on ponds, reservoirs, water treatment plants, dams, cooling ponds, and can design for any body of water. Totora utilizes technology including floats from Kyoraku, mooring solutions from Hazelett Marine, anchors from Mooring Systems, stationary storage from Kronus Engineering, and project management from UHG Consulting, Totora's product solutions have been installed in hundreds of projects throughout the world. Projects can be designed to meet Made in USA standards.







North American Clean Energy


2021 solar buyers guide Ground Covering

Ground Screws | Anchors

Williams Form Engineering Corp.

Beckett Solar Energy Sprayed on the ground, Terra Pave Top-Seal Albedo products are 100% eco-friendly liquid soil stabilizers that permanently bind and transform the ground into a concrete-pavement-like-layer. Top Seal White Albedo achieves the albedo of snow (0.81), and delivers ~15% more from bifacial panels. Developed by University of Texas at Austin, the product has recently been named Finalist in NREL’s American Made Solar Prize.

American Earth Anchors American Earth Anchors introduces the PE46-Hex8 to their line of penetrator earth anchors. The Hex8 has been field tested to 9,000lbs. of downward pressure and up to 14,000lbs. of pullout strength, and was designed to fit a 2" schedule 40 pipe, making it an option for solar panel ground mount racking. The Hex8 can save time and money by replacing concrete footings providing the advantage of no digging, no forms, no pouring, no waiting, and easy leveling by screwing up or down. American Earth Anchors can also make custom brackets for any pipe size.

Williams Form Engineering Corporation has been providing threaded steel bars and accessories for rock, soil, and concrete anchors, post-tensioning systems, and concrete forming hardware systems in the construction industry for over 95 years. Their rock and soil anchor product line includes their Spin-Lock mechanical rock anchors, polyester resin anchors, multiple corrosion protection anchors, soil nails, strand anchors, Manta Ray soil anchors, Geo-Drill Hollow-Bar anchors, and micropiles. For concrete anchoring they offer Spin-Lock anchors, undercut anchors, reusable anchors, and cast-in-place anchors. They also have a full line of All-Thread Rebar for tiebacks, micropiles, and post-tensioning.

Roundstone Native Seed Roundstone’s native seed mixes are designed for a wide variety of land uses and project objectives including erosion control, water quality, native landscaping, and pollinator habitat. They have mixes specially designed for solar applications that will build the soil, increase infiltration, and provide pollinator habitat while improving public acceptance. These mixes are designed to provide wildflower blooms starting in the spring and continuing through the fall. Roundstone Native Seed has a large selection of native seeds, seed mixes, naturalized seeds, and plant materials to meet project objectives.

American Ground Screw American Ground Screw solutions effectively anchor solar arrays without concrete footings or deep foundations. Their system of ground screws are adaptable to any terrain and racking system, and are compatible with all static and tracking photovoltaic systems. American Ground Screw solutions are easy and affordable to install, building code-compliant, and accessible to people however they need it. American Ground Screw solutions are International Code Council (ICC) certified.

WORD Rock Drills WORD Rock Drills’ Skid Steer Attachment is a solution for ground screw and helical anchor installation. Their Rock Drill attaches to an existing skid steer, providing enhanced maneuverability and efficiency on the job site. Additionally, the WORD Skid Steer Attachment can easily tackle resistance holes and keep a project on track. With quick delivery times, this attachment can be on the job site in as little as three weeks.

MarkingPenDepot MarkingPenDepot sells UV resistant paint pens and torque sealant for visual inspection of fasteners and other fittings. MPDX paint markers dry in 30 seconds and have UV resistance for up 22 years. Other brands include Dykem, Markal, and The Pumper.



Handling | Manufacturing

Inverters Ampner, Ltd.

PVpallet, LLC PVpallet, LLC announced it will be producing the first-to-market renewable, collapsible, pallet system for solar modules. PVpallet is a solar module transportation management and protection system designed to benefit everyone throughout the industry handling solar modules. PVpallet shipping solution improves efficiencies and reduces costs throughout the entire solar supply chain, from manufacturing, distribution, and installation to storage and waste disposal.

The Ampner ACE 300 PV is a 333kW string inverter rated for 1500Vdc systems. It provides high power density and power rating, withstanding extreme ambient conditions from -40°F to 140°F and installation altitudes up to 13,000ft. Moreover, the ACE 300 PV comes with wide range of options and configurations to suit all customer needs. The ACE 300 PV is certified according to UL/CSA standards and will be available from Q1/2021 onwards.

Shakti Pumps USA LLC Shakti Solar Pumps products are available in the range of 5GPM to 1000GPM, and 1HP to 75HP. They have recently launched their 3" Helical Solar Pump sets. Their stocking locations are in Florida, Texas, California, Ohio, and Utah.

Industrial Networking

Antaira Technologies Antaira Technologies’ LMP-1802G-SFP-T is an 18-port industrial Gigabit PoE+ managed Ethernet switch embedded with 16*10/100/1000Tx Ethernet ports that support IEEE 802.3at/af for a maximum of 30W/port and 2*100/1000 SFP ports. It is IP30 rated, DIN-rail mountable, and supports an extended operating temperature range of -40°F to 167°F (-40°C to 75°C). The switch supports the ring network redundancy function using the market’s open standard ITU-T G.8032 ERPS protocol that has a <50ms network recovery time. The advanced network filtering and security functions, such as IGMP, VLAN, QoS, SNMP, RMON, and 802.1X/HTTPS/SSH/ SSL increase determinism and improve network management for remote SCADA systems.

COTEK SC Series Pure Sine Inverters Chargers KEY FEATURES: Available in 1200W and 2000W Bi-directional with 5 in 1 operating modes Built-in 3 stage battery charger and AC transfer switch Temperature compensated charging option -5o~105oF full load operation with derating up to 140oF UL458 and UL1741 certified for mobile and residential Lightweight high frequency design Adjustable power saving options The new SC bi-directional inverter charger takes advantage of the most recent technology to provide features such as Power Sharing, Power Generation and Current Limiting. Unique multi input capability allows for seamless switching and control of both AC and DC. Multiple inputs can be combined to satisfy larger power requirements or limited to match your unique application. The SC provides an array of advanced features in a light weight and cost effective package.

COTEK The Americas - now serving Latin America!

North American Clean Energy


2021 solar buyers guide

Schneider Electric

Canadian Solar Canadian Solar's latest 255kW three-phase string inverter supports 1500V systems to reduce BOS costs. With a maximum efficiency of 99.0% and 14 MPPT, it is an effective power conversion solution for commercial and utility-scale systems. It is transformerless and offers intelligent redundant fan cooling, with groundfault detection and interruption circuit. Backed by Canadian Solar's local service team with a standard 10-year warranty, extensible up to 20 years.

CPS America Suitable for ground-mount solar installations, the new 275kW high power three-phase string inverter from CPS America was designed for performance. The advanced 275kW inverter provides reliability while offering high efficiency, wide operating voltage, and a broad temperature range wrapped in a NEMA Type 4X enclosure. Remote O&M, communication, and firmware updates are available through the CPS FlexOM platform. The 275kW inverter is certified to UL1741SA-2016 and meets grid standards for IEEE 1547a-2018, CA Rule 21, and ISO-NE.

Ginlong Technologies, Co., Ltd. Solis 75-100K three phase series string inverter adopts 8/9/10 MPPT design to provide a flexible configuration scheme with a small environmental impact rate and high generation efficiency. Maximum 13A per string, 150% DC overloading capability, and remote and local intelligent IV scan function.

Schneider Electric provides mature residential solar and storage solutions with reliability and 20+ years of experience. XW Pro hybrid inverter is certified to Rule 21, HECO Rule 14H, UL 1741 SA, and PREPA and offers high surge power, integrated transfer switch, and optional backup generator integration. The MPPT 100 is their new solar charge controller, offering performance, accompanied by an easy to install and cost-effective rapid shutdown for NEC 2017 compliance, MPPT Disconnect RS. Their energy management software, Insight, supports customers, reducing site visits by 50%. Their products are compatible with multiple batteries, including Li-ion batteries.

Ingeteam COTEK COTEK offers five series of pure, sine-wave inverter and inverter chargers for off-grid and backup applications designed to meet the needs of the solar industry. COTEK inverter models range from 200W-4000W with a DC input of 12V, 24V, or 48V. The new SC and SL series of bi-directional inverter chargers come equipped with 5 operating modes and advanced features such as power sharing and current limiting. COTEK also offers standalone inverter and battery charger options through the SP, SD and CX series.

CyboEnergy The AC assisted off-grid CyboInverter allows battery-less off-grid solar systems to start and run heavy loads 24/7 with consistent performance under DC and load variations, taking major loads off the grid and avoiding troublesome on-grid solar systems. Having 4-input channels with panel-level MPPT and supporting up to 430W panels, CyboInverters are patented, UL-1741 certified, NEMA-6 rated, and made in the USA.

Ingeteam’s INGECON SUN Full Skid Power Station is a medium voltage turnkey solution which integrates all the devices required for a system of up to 7.2MVA into a single skid platform. This compact, customizable inverter station is easy to transport and install, and offers a flexible design which can fit up to four PV inverters on one skid. Its highly efficient electronic conversion and protection devices make for a reliable product capable of achieving efficiency values of up to 98.9%. Using Ingeteam’s expertise in skid design (+10GW full skid PV deployed worldwide), the station was made to facilitate operations and maintenance work with all components being suitable for outdoor installation. The INGECON SUN Full Skid Power Station equipment is certified in compliance with UL 1741 SA, IEEE1547, IEEE2030, IEC 62116, and NEC 2017, and it pairs well with INGECON SUN STORAGE Power threephase bidirectional battery inverters.

TMEIC Corporation TMEIC offers the Solar Ware Ninja, a photovoltaic inverter and energy storage system. The advanced PV inverter is modular and stackable for multiple PCS power blocks. The system is configurable into multiple solutions, including PV only, stand-alone energy storage, or as a PV+ESS independent solution. Application flexibility is built-in, with multiple ratings allowing customization for small, 2MW projects up to large-scale projects.

Legal Services

McCauley Lyman, LLC McCauley Lyman is a renewable energy law firm. They advise and represent business people in their transactions and have particular expertise in the renewable energy industry, including developing and financing energy projects. They help people negotiate contracts, obtain permits, acquire real estate, arrange financings, and buy and sell energy related businesses and their assets. They understand the need for timeliness, cost control, and practicality. McCauley Lyman is in an alliance with Barclay Damon, LLP, a National Law Journal Top 250 Firm, which provides their clients with access to Barclay Damon’s 33 practice areas.



Lightning & Surge Protection Dexmet (PPG Engineered Materials) Nixon Peabody LLP Nixon Peabody has a comprehensive energy practice, advising on a multitude of complex renewable energy issues for more than 75 years. Their team understands the unique issues presented by solar energy projects. They work on all aspects of solar energy projects including project development and financing, site assessments, property acquisition, M&A, debt, cash equity, tax equity financing, private placement, lease financing, and transmission access. Additionally, they are well versed in the approval, permitting, and licensing processes that solar energy projects require at the local, state, and federal levels. Whether representing a large solar developer with a residential solar lease facility or helping a global investment firm with siting and permitting a solar project, they work hard to remain a trusted legal advisor to clients.

Dexmet (PPG Engineered Materials) manufactures ultra-thin MicroGrid, a precision expanded metal mesh that is available in different alloys and configurations. MicroGrid is designed into aerospace applications and wind turbine blades for lightning strike protection. It is used as shielding in composite panels designed to protect sensitive electronics from EMI/RFI applications.

Sherin and Lodgen LLP Sherin and Lodgenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s national renewable energy practice group represents lenders, developers, municipalities, and companies committed to sustainability through solar, wind, hydro, and energy storage initiatives. Clients rely on their experience in financing, development, acquisition, leasing, environmental, and permitting to navigate this ever-changing market and accomplish their business goals.


SEPCO (Solar Electric Power Company) Solar LED lighting systems and off-grid solar power assemblies manufacturer, SEPCO systems are used for streets, roadways, parking lots, pathways, walkways, trails, signs, billboards, security, bus stops, bus shelters, transit systems, building structures, pavilions, parks, municipalities, WiFi, and so much more. Systems sized with plenty of backup and are designed to meet the needs of the local installation location and the customer's requirements. Poles are designed to meet local AASHTO wind load requirements with the solar power assembly mounted at the top of the pole.

North American Clean Energy


2021 solar buyers guide Microgrids


AE Solar Sustainable Power Systems, Inc. Sustainable Power Systems’ Universal Microgrid Controller (UMC) is a drop-in control system designed to reduce the cost and complexity of microgrid deployment. It is engineered to meet the needs of a wide spectrum of microgrid configurations, grid-tied or off-grid, eliminating the need for solar project developers to do controls integration and custom programming. The UMC incorporates a real time optimization engine, including load and renewable forecasting, to ensure the lowest cost of energy. In Simulation Mode, the UMC monitors and controls a virtual version of each microgrid component, allowing for system validation and training prior to deployment.

Chilicon Power Founded in 2010, California-based Chilicon Power designs and manufactures microinverter systems for both residential and commercial applications. Backed by a 25-year warranty, Chilicon offers a single 290W inverter and a 720W dual inverter that supports up to 435+W modules. The Gateway features a 7" touch screen and smart home capabilities.

AE Solar, a German PV module manufacturer since 2003, operates in more than 75 countries. AE Solar has just announced the future long-term collaboration with KACO new energy, a subsidiary of Siemens AG, Germany and manufacturer of inverters for grid-fed solar power.

Auxin Solar

Auxin Solar produces PERC mono solar modules, bi-facial modules, BIPV, and off-grid modules. Auxin also offers OEM services and produce Made in USA solar products in their customers’ own brand name.


APsystems The QS1 from APsystems is a four-module, high-power microinverter for residential applications. A new design for APsystems, the QS1 offers 300% faster installation time, while offering high peak output power and up to 3X faster transmission speed. A wide MPPT voltage range will result in a greater energy harvest for homeowners. The first of its kind, the QS1 is designed to accommodate today’s high output PV panels, offer enhanced capability, and significantly reduce installation time and costs while providing a high level of power with four independent MPPT per channel.

NEP NEP’s 800Wac microinverter supports dual modules up to 500Wdc (2 x 500Wdc). Rule 21 ready with global certifications and supports continuous operating power of 768Wac @ 240Vac. Less clipping for more energy harvest with modern high-power PV panels. Integrated PLC based monitoring. Supports net zero system configuration where needed. Integrated AC cable for less hassle and easy installation.

Canadian Solar, Inc. Canadian Solar Inc.’s Series 7 high-power, high-efficiency modules with power output of up to 665W are new generation modules set to deliver competitive, levelized cost of electricity (LCOE) as it further reduces balance of system (BOS) and other costs for solar power plants. The new monofacial HiKu7 and bifacial BiHiKu7 modules are optimized with tracker and inverter designs to support seamless installation of solar plants. This means more modules per string, more watts per tracker and pile, lower equipment and labor costs, and higher project returns.

CertainTeed CertainTeed’s CT Series 120 half-cell and 144 half-cell modules utilize the next generation of mono PERC half-cut cells for high output, producing up to 330W and 400W, respectively. These high-efficiency panels are available individually or as part of CertainTeed’s Solstice solar system, which features an all-in-one comprehensive warranty including installation workmanship when installed by a CertainTeed-credentialed installer.



Heliene, Inc. Heliene is a manufacturer of high-efficiency solar modules. Heliene’s modules carry UL, CEC, and ISO 9001 certifications. Heliene has capacity in the USA, Canada, and Asia to ensure flexibility and to provide economical module power ratings. Heliene's solar panels are also supported by their local last-mile logistics expertise.

Peimar Made in Italy, all Peimar solar products have a comprehensive warranty, including QBE insurance, Class 1 module fire performance, anti-reflective glass, and hailstorm resistance to provide quality and effectiveness. Both grid-tied products go through the stringent quality control measures from selecting raw materials to finished packaging, offering a 20-year product warranty and a 30-year power warranty.

Solaria Solaria's PowerXT 400W is a 400W solar panel with Pure Black technology that optimizes power, performance, and aesthetics. PowerXT 400W uses Solaria’s patented cell design, panel architecture, and assembly techniques to significantly boost power generation, provide shading performance and reliability. Solaria’s solar panels are backed by a 25-year warranty.


Sonali Energees USA LLC

Q CELLS offers performance and reliability with the Q.PEAK DUO residential module lineup. The modules are distinguished with Q.ANTUM cell technology, offering high power yields, increased power classes up to 345Wp, and excellent efficiency rates. Q CELLS complies with the VDE Certification Institute’s Quality Testing Program. As an added layer of assurance, the modules adhere to Q CELLS’ internal Yield Security Quality Checklist, guaranteeing resistance to Potential Induced Degradation (PID), Hot Spots, and Light Induced Degradation (LID).

Sonali Solar Energees USA now has a warehouse in New Jersey and offers 60- and 72-cell monocrystalline modules at competitive pricing. Sonali Solar also specializes in 3W to 250W 12V products for off-grid applications.


LG Solar The latest LG NeON 2 60-cell modules have been designed to cover more of a homeowner’s electricity bill, while taking less space on smaller roofs. The new product line features an average power class of up to 365W for white backsheet panels, 345W on its sleek, all-black products, and 365W for LG’s integrated AC solar module and microinverter in one. With a uniform frame size, LG’s new modules offer greater lifetime performance through advances such as largersized wafers. That means less wasted space, and an even better look.

Sky Energy SKY Energy markets new Lightray Solar photovoltaic (PV) modules and systems to commercial and residential customers and offers consulting services. Lightray Solar modules convert light from the sun into electricity that can be used to power buildings, homes, and electric vehicles through thin solid state silicon solar cells.

SunTegra's solar roof systems integrate solar with any new roof or reroof project. They offer homeowners a low-profile, roof-like appearance, and replace roofing materials, enabling added savings. A SunTegra Shingle or Tile solar roof system is a solution for builders, roofers and, solar integrators. SunTegra products are designed with proven materials, are easy to install, and feature a patented design which promotes cooling through ventilation.

Panasonic Panasonic’s new EverVolt Solar Modules series is designed to accompany its EverVolt Battery Storage system, available in February 2021. EverVolt Solar Module Series 370W / 360W modules feature efficiencies of 21.2% and 20.6%respectively, a temperature coefficient of -0.26%, and provides maximum power output for residential solar systems. EverVolt Solar Module Black Series 360W / 350W modules feature efficiencies of 20.6% and 20%, respectively, and have a temperature coefficient of -0.26% packaged in a sleek all-black aesthetic. The Panasonic TripleGuard Warranty covers EverVolt panels for performance, product, parts, and labor for 25 years. The Panasonic AllGuard Warranty covers labor to replace and repair all major components in the EverVolt system. Applicable to Panasonic AC modules, this also includes solar modules combined with microinverters sold by Panasonic, and racking for 25 years, and monitoring hardware for five years.










CALL - (760) 251 0040


WEBSITE - WECSRENEWABLES.COM North American Clean Energy


2021 solar buyers guide

3465 Heyco_NA 3.5x10_Layout 1 8/1/19 2:50 PM Page 1



Wire Management Solutions for Solar Installers & Integrators... Heyco® Solar Products Warranty

SunWize Power & Battery

Vikram Solar

SunWize Power & Battery solar modules come in 5W to 320W designs and are suitable for all industrial and battery charging applications. Available in nominal 12V or 24V configurations, these modules feature Class 1, Division 2 certification (Groups A, B, C & D) for use in hazardous locations and are also UL 1703 certified. Impact resistant glass and 50mm thick anodized aluminum frames provide durability in even the harshest environments. Each module contains up to (2) bypass diodes to protect against hot-spot damage during partial shading. Durable junction box design has (4)-1/2" conduit knockouts for design flexibility. With a -0/+3% power output tolerance, a 5-year warranty on material workmanship, and a 20-year pro-rated warranty for performance, SunWize solar modules are a solution for off-grid sectors like oil & gas, industrial controls, security, wireless communication, transportation, and environmental monitoring.

Prexos Series 6 is Vikram Solar’s latest Multi Busbar Bifacial module offering with M6 type half-cells in 144/156 nos. Available between 435-505Wp and providing efficiency up to 21.02%. The bifacial glass to transparent backsheet module provides up to 15% power gain from the ground facing side, an effective gain of 1% of cell active area by using cylindrical tabbing wire, having better tolerance to micro crack, and improved field reliability. With Maximum Power Point Voltage(Vmpp) up to 45.3V, Maximum Power Point Current(Impp) up to 11.16A, Open Circuit Voltage(Voc) up to 53.4V, and with a Power Tolerance of 0-4.99Wp, the Prexos Series 6 MBB bifacial modules are a solution for large scale utility and C&I projects.

Visit for information about Heyco’s 20 Year Limited Warranty on our solar products. Heyco Edge Clips


Heyco Edge Clips provide high panel retention forces while requiring low insertion forces. Ideal solution for applications where holes are not available or temperatures are too extreme for adhesive solutions.

Trina Solar NEW

Helios UVX Clip The Helios UVX clip installs into a .260˝ (6,6 mm) mounting hole and holds up to 2 cables between .230-.315˝ (5,8-8,0 mm) each.

Heyco®-Tite Cordgrips for Enphase Q Cable


Heyco now offers 1/2˝ NPT and 3/4˝ NPT cordgrips compatible with the Enphase Q Cable. Use the 1/2˝ NPT for just 1 Enphase Q Cable or the 3/4˝ NPT for 2 Enphase Q Cables PLUS a #8 solid Grounding cable.

Heyco® HEYClip™ SunRunner® 4-2 & 4-2U

Yingli Green Energy Americas

Trina Solar DUOMAX TWIN family with a 30-year power warranty offers reliable and durable dual glass bifacial modules. Certified against weather phenomena beyond industry standards, the DEG15VC is engineered for extreme climates with high lifetime power. The 1500V system voltage allows more modules per string, reducing BOS costs. With 2% LID and 0.45% annual degradation rate, these third-cut cell modules deliver low currents and up to 40% more lifetime energy when paired with a single-axis tracker and reflective albedo. The 2mm AR coated glass layers and frame design enables ease-of-use and compatibility with standard installation methods for utility/C&I applications.

New Construction


SunRunner 4-2 & 4-2U clips are the ideal wire management solution for top racking manufacturers such as Unirac, IronRidge, Everest, SnapNRack, and similar rack profiles.

Heyco® HEYClip™ SunRunner® Double-compression design holds from (1) 12 gauge USE-2 to (2) 8 AWG cables up to 8,3 mm OD.

Heyco® SunBundler® Stainless Steel Wire Cable Ties Aircraft grade 302/304 stainless wire w/UV protected vinyl jacket and stainless steel crimp sleeve, 8˝ (203 mm) to 20˝ (508 mm) lengths.

Ulbrich Stainless Steels & Special Metals, Inc. Ulbrich Solar Technologies’ Black Ready Ribbon (BRR) offers a fully black PV module solution designed to blend with the dark color of a solar cell after the stringing process. BRR is achieved by coating Ulbrich Standard Ribbon with a thin, homogenous layer of Alpha’s CRR-Bk flux, which eliminates the need to apply liquid flux in the module production process, and enables a plug and play process integration. For customers looking for a sleek solar module product, the use of BRR increases the aesthetics of PV modules for building- and rooftop integrated solutions, without the use of additional complex and expensive covering or painting processes.

For FREE samples or product literature, call toll free 1-800-526-4182, or visit

w w w. h e y c o . c o m “Stay Connected with Heyco” Power Components Box 517 • Toms River, NJ 08754 • P: 732-286-4336 • F: 732-244-8843


The Yingli solar panel family features differentiated product lines ideal for residential, commercial, and utility-scale projects. They offer in all formats the monocrystalline YLM Series, multicrystalline YGE Series, and both p- and n-type PANDA Bi-facial modules to meet project needs. The cell efficiency on the premium modules reaches up to 22.7%. Service on products is provided by a US based team, who assist in technical advice, project planning, and guarantee to maximize ROI.


WECS Renewables Providing service and knowledge of product and project requirements, WECS Renewables’ sales staff is available 24/7 from groundbreaking to energization of each project. Supporting the installer from panel connections through substation connections, WECS will help in the sourcing and providing of custom kitting, wire and cable, trenching materials, grounding, hardware, cable management, MV splice, MV terms, AC/DC feeder connections, and substation materials.

Oil Containment | Spill Prevention

Performance Monitoring

Solidification Products International, Inc. (SPI)


SPI has a variety of products designed for wind and solar applications such as their PetroPlugs, Petro-Pipes, Petro-Barriers, Pump-Thru Barriers, StormWater Petro-Barriers, and SPI Sealed and Portable Containment Liners . Each has been designed to allow rain water to drain while completely filtering out all hydrocarbons, vegetable oils, "natural ester oils that are soy based”, and fuel sheen to non-detectable levels. In the event of a major spill, the SPI- Oil Containment Systems will totally shut down and prevent all flow from discharging. It will then back the spill into the containment area preventing an environmental release. SPI products are currently being used at wind and solar farm operations around the world.

The Acuvim II power and energy meter is an advanced multifunction meter used to measure and verify energy data from any system. It is able to meter usage bi-directional to calculate net metering. It has over 400 parameters and features including data-logging, threshold alarms, power quality analysis, and free cloud storage.

Campbell Scientific, Inc. The CS241 is the next generation of Campbell Scientific back-of-module temperature sensors with new features designed for bifacial photovoltaic (PV) module performance assessment and soiling. New improvements include a redesign of the probe head for easier installation, as well as better measurement performance with a smaller footprint optimized to reduce back-of-module shading and eliminate surface cooling. Other improvements include greater sensor-to-module bonding/ adhesion and a thinner Teflon cable with a higher temperature rating. Lastly, to meet the requirements of performance validation, every CS241 is supplied with a NIST-traceable, serialized calibration certificate.

Apogee Instruments Silicon-cell pyranometers from Apogee Instruments are Class C rated and a choice for applications that do not require the higher cost of a thermopile pyranometer. Apogee also offers cost-effective Class C thermopile pyranometers, as well as their new albedometer setup designed for monitoring bifacial panel performance. With several outputs available, 20+ years of continuous refinement, and thousands of sensors installed all over the world, Apogee silicon-cell sensors are accurate, durable, and cost-effective solutions.

Performance Assurance Cachelan

Cachelan is a solar monitoring solutions company that provides SCADA and DAS systems to help with O&M and Asset Management of solar and storage portfolios via their SolarVu platform. Manage portfolios of residential, commercial/industrial, and utility sized projects in one place. Receive high fidelity alerts of equipment issues and connect weather sensors, meters, site cameras. Easily compare inverter and string level performance. Cachelan interfaces with all major inverter and equipment manufacturers, and design to minimize their customer’s cost.

Omnidian Responsible for over 200,000 solar sites nationwide providing 24/7 professional monitoring, service coordination, and cash-back energy guarantee for commercial and residential installations as well as fleet and portfolio management. Their proprietary technology provides symptom detection including hardware failure, soiling, snow, shading, while screening false alerts. Their Operations Center provides turnkey customer support with real-time access to solar performance data. If the system underperforms, Performance Assurance will call, coordinate service, and compensate for energy lost throughout the year. They also offer turnkey marketing and quarterly performance reports in their customers’ brand name.

ProteaBracket™ & PVKIT™ 2.0 ProteaBracket can be used for rail mounting or “direct-attach” with S-5! PVKIT 2.0

PVKIT™ 2.0


• Pre-assembled components save time and money

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up to 3″

• All non-corrosive aluminum and stainless steel

• Adjustable – Fits rib

• Single-piece EdgeGrab installs with ease

• Peel-and-Stick prevents accidental shifting during installation

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hardware provides


• Available in black by special order • 1″ gap between modules, allowing load reduction per ASCE-7 • UL 2703 Listed *visit for details on our warranties

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• Fully pre-assembled • 25-year warranty* • Now made in aluminum

The Right Way!™ | (888) 825-3432 | 8/5/19 12:48 PM

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2021 solar buyers guide


EKO Instruments

Continental Control Systems Continental Control Systems is now offering fully assembled WattNode Energy Meters in UL 508A NEMA metal and poly enclosures. Enclosures are available with a three-phase circuit breaker, a fuse block, or without circuit protection. Any model of the WattNode; the revenue-grade meter or standard accuracy meter comes preinstalled when ordered with the enclosure. Designed for indoor and outdoor installations, the enclosure complies to UL 508A Type 3R, 4, 12 and 13. Fully assembled meter enclosures can be ordered through their e-commerce site.

The MS-80S from EKO Instruments is a new ISO 9060:2018 Class A pyranometer in the top tier 'fast-response' and 'spectrally flat' sub-categories. Featuring low zero-offset behavior, ISO 17025 accredited calibration, a 5-year warranty, and 5-year recalibration interval; the MS-80S comes with an original internal diagnostics system, providing visibility over internal temperature, humidity, tilt and roll angle; helping to ensure optimum performance with low costs and less maintenance. A new 4-channel smart interface also offers a choice of outputs, with Modbus 485 RTU, and SDI-12 alongside 4-20mA, and 0-10mA (0-1V) analogue options. Together with the MV-01 ventilator and heater to keep the sensor IEC 61724-1 compliant, free of dew, ice and snow, the MS-80S is suitable for all environmental conditions, and applications; including rooftop solar stations, solar parks of all sizes, and large weather monitoring sensor networks.

HuksefluxUSA, Inc. The digital SR30 Secondary Standard pyranometer features an internal maintenance-free heated ventilation system. The circulation of heated air flow between the inner and outer domes suppresses the formation of dew and frost on the pyranometer optic. With < 2.1 Watts max power consumption, SR30 delivers a high level of performance and data availability. Critical sensor data, including irradiance, sensor serial number, and calibration data, are all available via RS485 RTU / Modbus connection. The sealed desiccant cartridge free design with internal ventilation translates into reduced sensor maintenance and cost of ownership.


Simple. Solid. Sustainable. • • • • • • •

Year-Round Installation No Concrete & No Excavation Environmentally Friendly Immediately Loadable Permanent & Reusable Cost Effective First Building Code Certified Screw Foundation System in North America 72


PowerWise helps commercial and utilityscale PV projects achieve optimum solar production by monitoring key performance indicators with a PVmet weather station. Their weather stations forecast solar production for a potential solar installation. Users can view live conditions as well as historical weather data with the PowerWise inView application. These weather stations are SunSpec certified/ compliant and feature integration via MODBUS RTU using an RS-485 interface.

The PVmet 500 is professional-grade PV monitoring station with customizable sensor options specifically designed for utility, commercial, and industrial solar arrays. It is SunSpec compliant and features integration via MODBUS RTU interface using RS-485. The PVmet 500 weather station provides strategic environmental data, significantly increasing the value of any on-site solar monitoring system. Their solar specific sensors provide real-time measurement of key performance indicators such as irradiation measurement and back-of-module temperature. Additional environmental sensors provide critical data to enable performance modeling, fault detection, and maintenance scheduling for maximum ROI.

Solar Data Systems (Solar-Log North America) The Solar-Log Base is a performance monitoring and energy management device with a modular structure that can grow with the plant. New this year, the Solar-Log Base MOD I/O can be added to new or existing sites to help optimize the usage of self-produced power. If local incentives or feed-in regulations have changed, the MOD I/O can be used in combination with the Solar-Log Base, smart plugs, and relays to turn appliances on or off depending on the amount of solar power available.

Solmetric The Solmetric PV Analyzer I-V Curve Tracer measures the performance of modules and strings up to 1500V and 30A. The wireless irradiance and temperature sensor captures environmental conditions at the time of the I-V sweep. Sophisticated software instantly determines the performance factor, fill factor, Isc, Voc, Imp, Vmp, Pmax, current ratio, and voltage ratio. Careful thermal management inside the tool ensures high measurement throughput enabling large systems to be commissioned quickly.

PV Cleaning Systems

The Eppley Laboratory, Inc. Eppley Lab is a US manufacturer of Class A Pyranometers used for site selection, prediction, and performance testing of PV power plants. Eppley's GPP Pyranometer is now available in analog or digital output to provide customers with reliable, bankable data of global, plane of array, and aldebo/bifacial measurements of solar irradiance.

Yokogawa Yokogawaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Renewable Energy Data and Intelligence (REDI) SCADA Overlay solution is an OEM supplier-agnostic system to collect process data from an entire renewable power generation portfolio. It greatly simplifies integration and operation of widelydistributed, disparate solar, wind, and battery storage assets. The Cloud-based or on-premise environment securely shares information via advanced analytics, standard KPI dashboards, and reports with maintenance personnel, management, and relevant partners, anytime, anywhere. The standard user interface simplifies training, optimizes work processes, and empowers asset managers. Broad scalability simplifies integration of new assets.

Bitimec International, Inc. Bitimec's RoboKlin is a solar panel washing machine designed for utility size ground-mount PV power plants. The RoboKlin runs smoothly on an M&S Track Buggy rubber-track dumper undercarriage. With twin joy-stick controls, a telescoping boom, ultrasonic sensors, and a hybrid foam brush, feather-light and mechanized panel washing is done simply and gently. A new Snow Brush option will allow fast snow removal to restart the production of power shortly after a snowfall.

Power Engineering and Consulting

Trimark Associates, Inc. Trimark Vantage User Interface is a scalable and flexible visualization tool that provides real-time SCADA information and data from inverters, trackers, meters, weather stations, and substation equipment to determine if equipment at PV sites is operating and performing at expected levels. Operators can monitor and control performance for individual devices, a site, or an entire portfolio â&#x20AC;&#x201C; all in a single, intuitive dashboard. Users can customize thresholds, alarms, dashboards, and reports to quickly assess PV performance and power generation. Performance management confirms that all site equipment is performing at expected levels, enabling data-driven decisions based on asset performance.

Buffalo Turbine Buffalo Turbine can easily and affordably clear solar panels and get them working efficiently again. Their powerful double stacked and single hydraulic machines remove snow, increasing the efficiency of solar panels all year long. This touchless system never puts panels at risk of damage or scratching.

Electric Power Engineers, Inc. EPE Consulting provides the following services; transmission and distribution planning and design, energy market analysis, project/system design, interconnection testing and commissioning, NERC compliance services, integrated resource planning, smart grid modeling, and power system studies.

The Pioneers of Waterproof Flexible Flashing Since 1994 Installed On Over One Million Roofs

2019 Vutility The HotDrop is an easy-to-scale, simple-to-install metering solution that provides minute-by-minute data to improve energy consumption data in a simple and affordable metering device.










One Manufacturer, One Warranty

North American Clean Energy


2021 solar buyers guide PV Distributors SolarCleano

Kärcher iSolar is a pressure washer accessory from Kärcher designed for thorough cleaning of solar panels. It features two rotary brushes and a telescopic lance that can clean up to 16,145sq/ ft of panel economically, and it can be used with any Kärcher professional pressure washer with a flow rate of at least 4.85 gallons per minute. iSolar comes in a single, for small area coverage, and dual for large area coverage, disk brush configuration. Powered by water from the pressure washer, the brushes rotate in opposite directions, allowing iSolar to be guided in straight runs with little effort.

Solar panels can be efficiently cleaned with SolarCleano’s two exchangeable helix-shaped brushes, which clean neatly in one passage. The various brush sizes and hardnesses adapt to the dirt, soft for waterfree cleaning of fragile, dusty panels, hard for sticky dirt. The robot can be used on all installations including on ground, in solar fields, on roofs, and floating panels. Since June 2019, SolarCleano also exists in a Mini version, dedicated to smaller installations. Both are dismountable, controlled from the ground by one person and battery powered. Many accessories are available. A new added feature is their system of camera and LEDs, enabling independent cleaning from the luminosity.

Atlantic Clean Energy Supply (ACES)


ACES offers no-tariff solar panels, top tier solar panels, inverters, Battery Energy Storage Systems (BESS), EV chargers, solar mounting systems, trackers, PV lab testing equipment, international RECs transaction, community solar project co-development, and is a financing provider.

Premier Water Cleaning Systems Introducing a solar panel cleaning trailer system which includes a feed tank, a new high pressure spot free water combo unit, and the efficient Sola-Tecs Brush system. The unit provides on-demand mineral free water to ensure thorough cleaning at a low cost. Some of the features of the system include a remote capable of operating at up to 300ft away, a clutch driven high pressure pump, a reverse osmosis system, and a manageable 1/4" hose. Tank sizes are available from 300gal to 1600gal. Cleaning panels with a tank trailer means water is always available and users can clean longer throughout the day due to the water in the trailer warming up and reducing thermal shock.

RST Cleantech USA RST Cleantech is an automated solar panel cleaning technology. When deployed, RST technology can virtually eliminate soiling losses, increasing solar production up to 30%. The system preserves panels warranties, it cleans at night when panel glass is cooler and without pressure or chemicals. The technology has been field tested over 8 years and has virtually no moving parts. RST has over 1.5GW installed and cleans over 7.5 million panels weekly.

The TriMax system makes cleaning fast and easy for large-scale solar providers without water, maximizing energy production and efficient operations. This manually operated brush is designed to glide along the top of the panels without causing damage to the hardware. There’s no need for grueling installation. Just place it at the end of the panel row and sweep. With a triangular shape, the brush is best equipped to clean single panel systems. It’s modular design allows for customization to fit and glide down panel rows as dust falls away.

Atlasta Solar Center Atlasta Solar Center has been serving the Western Slope of Colorado for 41 years. They help people become aware of their energy usage by locking in their cost of energy for any amount of years. By doing so, they save customers money and create an energy conscientious community.

Baker Electric Home Energy San Diego-based Baker Electric Home Energy has designed, engineered, and installed solar and solar + home battery systems for 14,000 homes in Southern California. Baker gives people control of the way they generate, store, manage, and use energy. This offers homeowners the benefit of significant cost-savings and energy independence.

Kinect Solar Kinect Solar is a full-service solar equipment distributor that provides end-to-end procurement, logistics, and project management to manufacturers, distributors, and EPC companies in the solar industry, with warehouses and distribution points across the United States, Latin America, and Asia. Kinect Solar solves a variety of inventory challenges, including finding buyers for excess or legacy inventory, consignment agreements, short- and long-term storage, transportation, and inventory tracking. Kinect Solar leverages its extensive industry knowledge and global reach to negotiate highly competitive pricing for hard-to-find, new, or used equipment, in bulk or limited quantities.

RoofConnect RoofConnect is a nationwide commercial roofing company with a focus on servicing the solar industry when installing solar of a commercial rooftop. They offer maintaining the roof warranty, pre and post solar install roof inspections, repairs and re-roofing, installation of attachments, slip sheets, and ballast blocks. They also supply attachments, slip sheets cut to size, and ballast blocks.

Washpanel Srl Washpanel is an Italian company that has designed and produced PV plants washing technologies since 2010. It provides a range of 10 different robots for plants such as solar parks, roofs, carports, greenhouses, and agriculture farms.The key product offered by the company is SERIE “EVO” machine which is a portable semi-automatic robot. It represents a solution for the tracker market and can be used both in wet and dry modes, depending on the needs. Two operators are needed to clean 1.5MW/day per robot. This machine helps keep the panels efficient and reduces maintenance costs (NPV impact). Washpanel robots are awarded with a TUV certification which ensures the machines cause no damages to the panels.


PV Installers


Solar Optimum Kosol Energie Pvt., Ltd. Kosol Energie PVT LTD is a manufacturer and a wholesale distributor for solar PV systems including mono-crystalline and poly-crystalline PV modules, integrated PV racking systems, solar water pumping systems, and more. They also offer cost-effective design and engineering services. Their products include poly-poly PERC, mono-mono PERC, bi-facial, split cell, flexible, intelligent smart sensor solar LED street light (option with remote control), solar water pumping system (customized solution available), solar panel with inbuilt plastic racking system, solar PV thermal (PVT) collector, solar food dryer, and solar water heater.

Solar Optimum is a certified provider of solar energy, battery storage, and roof installations in California for the residential and commercial sectors.

PV Manufacturers & Equipment Kurdex Corporation GEMÜ Valves Annealsys Annealsys designs and manufactures Rapid Thermal Processing (RTP and RTCVD) and Direct Liquid Injection deposition (CVD and ALD) systems. RTP systems with cold wall chamber, high temperature lamp furnaces (1450°C) and vacuum capability from 3" to 200mm for RTP and RTCVD processes. Applications include rapid thermal annealing, RTO, RTN, contact annealing, CVD of graphene and h-BN, diffusion of dopants, selenization and sulfurization (CIGS) Direct Liquid Injection deposition systems for deposition of metals, oxides, nitrides, metals, 2D materials, etc. These systems can perform deposition processes with a wide range of chemicals including low vapor pressure and thermally unstable chemicals.

Aplus Energy Co., Ltd. Aplus’ corrugated metal solar panels infuse the solar directly with the metal.These corrugated metal solar panels are lightweight and provide roof strength and can easily be installed on existing farm buildings, solar carports for electric vehicle charging, new commercial warehouses, and homes. This corrugated metal solar panel has been tested and certified for residential and commercial use. They are lightweight - 33lbs, impact resistant to handle most hail storms, low glare so does not blind pilots or drivers, and are easily installed.

A wide range of different solutions are offered for the solar industry, due to the different quality and purity requirements and required flow rates. The materials range from polypropylene (PP), polyvinylidenefluoride (PVDF), to ultra-pure and resistant perfluoroalkoxy (PFA). The GEMÜ CleanStar solar valve features the GEMÜ seal system with its high quality and performance capability. Thanks to its weir shape design, the various connections and body materials available, it is suitable for a variety of processes in the solar energy industry. The SmartLine products with PP material bodies in particular combine performance with a cost saving approach.

Kurdex is a supplier of large area vacuum deposition and etch equipment for R&D, pilot, and high volume manufacturing (HVM). Products include sputtering, evaporation, PECVD, spatial ALD, ARC-CVD and plasma etch tools. Standard and custom systems configured for in-line, cluster, and R2R with full automation. Substrate sizes up to 2300MM rigid or flex, wafers, glass sheets, or roll of flexible materials. They also offer an applications lab for contract coating services, DOE, and technology development.

RenewSys India Pvt. Ltd. KEMSTREAM KEMSTREAM designs and manufactures advanced DLI (Direct Liquid Injection) vaporizers for CVD, PECVD, and ALD processes. KEMSTREAM Vapbox DLI vaporizers are able to handle and vaporize all solid and liquid organic, inorganic, and organometallic precursors including low vapor pressure, thermally labile, and viscous ones. KEMSTREAM DLI vaporizers work from vacuum to atmospheric pressure and deliver accurate, repeatable, and stable vapors flows. They can be implemented on any CVD and ALD tool. KEMSTREAM also manufactures liquid panels especially designed for feeding DLI vaporizers with air sensitive precursors and complete turnkey Vapcab gas/vapor cabinets equipped with DLI vaporizers.

RenewSys SGalactic Series consist of high efficiency, Mono/Mono PERC, half-cut cell, PV modules, with outputs from 380Wp to 400Wp. Manufactured in an Intertek Certified Satellite PV Lab facility at Hyderabad, India, these PV modules undergo rigorous testing for performance under harsh environmental conditions. These modules, eligible for product and performance insurance globally, are re-insured by Munich Re. Suitable for commercial and industrial rooftops and developers looking to maximize output, these modules utilize a small installation space to provide a high output. They also experience a reduced hot-spot effect, thus ensuring their longevity.

1500 Volt 30 Amp I-V Curves Solmetric PV Analyzer Now shipping V2!

Despatch Despatch equipment provides performance and process quality, optimal cell efficiency, maximum uptime, and reduced operating costs. The Despatch portfolio of solar cell manufacturing equipment optimizes in-line solar cell manufacturing. The high-performance Safire firing furnace integrated with the DriTech dryer has segmented and optimized critical components of the cell process for maximum control and stability. Despatch products are offered by ITW EAE, a division of Illinois Tool Works, Inc.

Highest accuracy and throughput Largest display with best array troubleshooong features Database of 50,000 PV modules Measures up to 1500V at 30A 3000 wireless sensor range

Expert tools Beeer solar North American Clean Energy


2021 solar buyers guide


Singulus Technologies AG

The Renogy DC-DC On-Board Battery Charger with MPPT is suitable for users going off-grid. This charger ensures full battery power thanks to its dual input capabilities. With the option to charge via solar, the battery-alternator, or both simultaneously, users are no longer limited to designated charging areas and can replenish their auxiliary battery (AGM/Sealed, Gel, Flooded, or Lithium) while parked or on the road. The integrated MPPT technology in this charger provides high solar yield from the solar panels at any given time. Equipped with multiple electronic protections, including reverse polarity, the DC-DC MPPT Charger is a suitable travel companion. Available in 30A and 50A models.

Singulus provides evaporation, sputtering, and wet processing production equipment for CIGS/CdTe thin solar as well as HJT, Tandem, and Topcon cells.

Advanced Racking

STACE provides engineering, procurement, and construction solutions for all type of solar PV projects. Their facilities located in Canada, France, and USA manufacture solar PV modules, trackers, racking, and switchgears. STACE focuses on providing to its customers solutions to meet their particular needs.

Advanced Racking has partnered with green roof companies to create the Green Roof Rack, which incorporates a living roof with solar to help reduce costs and increase a home or business's efficiency. The racking system is designed to accommodate 60- and 72-cell modules, complying with module manufacturer's warranty guidelines. The system can be tilted up to 25° and installed in portrait or landscape. The green roof serves as the ballast, no additional block required, no mechanical penetrations. With variable interrow spacing and other design enhancements, the system can easily be modified to work around drains and rooftop obstacles.

STACE Solar Solutions

Smartech International

SIBA Fuses For solar applications, SIBA's Photovoltaic (PV), fuses offer ultimate circuit protection and are available in up to 1500VDC PV and are UL Listed. SIBA’s semiconductor fuses have global certifications. Ultra-Rapid fuses are utilized in Power Conversion, Thyristors, Rectifiers, UPS, Traction Applications, SCR’s (Silicon Controlled Rectifiers/Semiconductor Controlled Rectifiers) Inverters, Converters, Traction Substations, DC Common Buses, and Reduced Voltage Starters, Drives, both AC and DC rated. Their new line of “Full Range” UL DC-rated fuses up to 1100VDC for UL DC Drives, offered exclusively by SIBA.

Smartech provides Steinbach diaphragms and PTFE sheet materials. The patented Lamibran diaphragm resists deterioration from EVA and premium PTFE-coated fiberglass belting materials are available with anti-static properties, which helps keep laminators operating at their best.

Sunflare Sunflare provides next generation solar technology which revolutionizes CIGS solar. Their rapid cell-by-cell manufacturing process yields efficient, micro-crack proof modules. They produce light, thin, flexible, and rugged modules that can go places never imagined. Their Flex60 turns vast, unusable industrial terrain into essential energy generation power houses. Their PowerFit20 fits invisibly in between the seams of standing seam roofs. Their LiteMount commercial modules are in high demand for load-constrained structures, especially for agricultural roofs.

Racking & Mounting Systems


• Increase Profits & Minimize Labor • Return On Investment = 1 Day*

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APA Solar Racking Designed by installers for installers, the TITAN is a 3-rail asymmetrical design that comes standard with a single driven pile or dual ground screw. The TITAN is universal to all 72-cell modules and has a low part count per MW. It allows for reduced installation time with features like telescoping posts, set and go purlin install, hole patterns for easy in the field adjustments, and just 2 fastener sizes with serrated flange nuts. APA’s Gravity Clip increases the module install speed by more than 30%. It is a bifacial module friendly system with low back side shading.

AceSolar by PMC Industries, Inc. For areas of the country with unpredictable weather, Solar Snap by AceClamp Solar is an adaptive, robust high-wind racking system that meets the rigors of hurricane type winds. Designed to work with any of their SSMR clamps, it's a solution for almost any roof type, including SSMR, island style roofs, single-ply, and asphalt. Their fully assembled component groups are fast-installing, and their unique cross-platform system adapts to all roof types creating less inventory to maintain.

KB Racking The AeroRack E/W features reduced row spacing which aides in higher panel density on a flat roof solar project. This leads to high project revenue and more panels with reduced costs. This solution is just as easy to set-up as the AeroRack 2.0, while still providing low system weight (estimated 2.5 - 4.5PSF for most standard projects). The system is suitable for northern latitudes where higher tilt angles are required to maximize panel power generation. The system is also a solution for weight compromised roofs, snow load tolerances, as well as projects that cannot hit expected panel count with south facing systems.

Atkore Allied Tube & Conduit Allied Tube & Conduit provides in-line galvanized steel tube to assist with solar racking and tracking. Their Gatorshield is strong and has a reduced weight, with advanced corrosion protection and formability. Gatorshield also complies with UL2703. To ensure precision, they offer prototype and fabrication services. Allied is able to provide small and large O.D. sizes with heavy gauge, meet and exceed tube strength requirements, tool up for new profiles to meet customer specific needs, swage tube to help build a solar array, and various types of tube fabrication.

DynoRaxx DynoRaxx offers solutions for pitched and flat roof ballasted solar racking and also provides the DynoBond UL2703 module to module grounding product. The flat roof racking is designed to work with all framed modules and does not require tools for assembly or installing which reduces install labor. The DynoBond grounding is used in carports, ground mounts, and other racking products which helps to reduce electrical grounding costs.

M Bar C Construction M Bar C Construction specializes in designing and installing commercial solar and non-solar carports, DSA Approved shade structures, parking garages, and renewable energy solutions. They offer their services nationwide.

Magerack Corporation Landfill Solar Corp Landfill Solar provides a certified solution for the sloped surfaces of municipal and private landfills up to 18.4° (33.3% slope, 3H:1V), which is the typical regulatory maximum on capped landfills. Their patented approach means developers can use the landfill’s previously unusable side-slope areas to improve performance and profitability by increasing each site’s power-producing capacity and revenue-generation. In addition, their design minimizes the use of nuts, bolts, and other unnecessary fasteners, which saves time because their racks can be assembled in minutes, not hours.

MageBracket F is a simple and low-cost solar mounting bracket for solar installation on R-panel trapezoidal or standing seam metal roofs. The bracket has butyl sealing gaskets and fits any R-panel trapezoidal, standing seam metal roof, or metal roof of any profile as long as there is 1-1/2" wide flat area on the metal roof. Two up to 5/16" lag screws secure the bracket onto structural element or deck, and the butyl sealing gasket provides water-proofing capability to prevent water getting into the screw holes. An optional L bracket can be attached with included flange bolt on the bracket, through which rails can be mounted for solar installation.

GP JOULE North America GP JOULE is global renewable energy company with an extensive track record delivering low installed cost for commercial and utility-scale PV. Their PHLEGON single-axis tracker is designed for northern climates and diverse terrains. This heavy-duty series is engineered and validated in Canada and the U.S. to meet any challenging environmental and geotechnical condition, including high snow and wind loads, and a wide range of operating temperatures. Their PHLEGON Solutions package features advanced engineering, foundation design that reduces material cost, supply, install, and dedicated project management. Includes 20-year design life and 10-year/ 5-year electrical and controls warranty.

GROUND SCREWS? HELICAL ANCHORS? REFUSAL HOLES? Rock Drilling Attachments Get the Job Done. | 1.336.584.6700 North American Clean Energy


2021 solar buyers guide

PanelClaw, Inc.

OMCO Solar OMCO Solar has two fixed-tilt solutions, the Field-Fast Slide & Stay Mounting and the CHOICE Direct-Bolt Mounting System. These products benefit from a nationwide manufacturing footprint and OMCO Solar’s steel procurement expertise. The Field-Fast system is designed to reduce installation time and increase safety by incorporating premium features as well as preassembled components which allow users to install the modules/racking with no overhead lifting equipment. The CHOICE system is a racking structure specifically designed for large Utility-Scale projects and also provides the added benefit of reducing total material needed which lowers freight costs.

OMG Roofing Products OMG’s line of PowerGrip Solar Mounts offer several options for securing solar arrays on commercial roofs. From the original PowerGrip Standard and Plus units designed for use on thermoplastic single-ply roofs, to newer PowerGrip Universal 7 and 11 units, they have solutions for every roof. Each PowerGrip unit is designed to reduce or eliminate ballast, so there’s less weight, material handling, and labor on the roof, and all provide connections to the structural deck for maximum strength. Additionally, all can be installed without the need to cut open or ‘core’ the roof, and offer tensile, shear, and compressive strength up to 3300, 2500, and 2700lbs. respectively.

The clawFR product platform offers fast build speed through no-tool module installation and a single bolt hardware kit. clawFR is available in single and dual tilt, with multiple spacing options including an 11" inter-row spacing 10° configuration which offers high power density. The clawFR platform is a semi-rigid rail-based system, which allows for optimal ballast and mechanical attachment placement. With intelligent O&M features, clawFR also delivers reliability.

Power Structures, LLC Power-Structures Solar Awning Brackets provide an easy and aesthetic way to construct a solar panel awning off the sides of buildings. Their certified TIG welded aluminum brackets are engineered and guaranteed for the life of the system. Awnings not only provide power, they shade windows from the intense summer sun, cutting heat gain and AC bills. Their awning system comes ready to mount on the wall. Use any solar racking product across their sturdy brackets.

QuickBOLT QuickBOLT’s evolution of the original top mount, the QB2, is now available in black. These sleek new mounts blend right in with the roof, providing a good-looking array. QuickBOLT’s Black QB2 top mount kit comes with a Dual Drive Shoulder Screw, black L-Foot, and 3" Microflashing (a stainless steel-backed EPDM washer) that compresses as the bolt is driven. Their patented compression-sealing method protects the penetration from the elements by deflecting water, then diverting it away so nothing can get through the seal. This fast, simple, and efficient system doesn’t leave any room for user error, saving time and money on solar installations.

Roof Clamp

Preformed Line Products



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PLP provides mounting solutions for any PV solar application including commercial, industrial, government, utility, and residential applications. Professional integrators and installers around the world use their line of high-strength and easy-to-install pole mount, ground mount, rooftop, and carport solutions. Their mounting systems are tested to withstand harsh environments and are suitable for PV solar applications on stadiums, airports, retail stores, schools, universities and commercial buildings.

Roof Clamp’s two models replace dozens of other clamps. Made of 6061-T6 aluminum with all stainless steel hardware, the 3-point attachment system guarantees strength for parallel and perpendicular loading. Their clamps feature anti-seizing, coarse thread set screws which allow for unlimited re-torqueing and re-attachment. Over 95% of today's standing seam profiles are compatible with the universal for Roof Clamp system.


Schletter NA, Inc.

Roof Tech Inc. RT-MINI is Roof Tech’s self-flashing mounting base designed to attach conventional rail mounting systems and accessories including the conduit. RT-MINI is engineered to withstand wind speeds up to 180mph and ground snow up to 90PSF. RT-MINI provides fast installation time because it is fastened with wood screws, eliminating the need for pilot holes. As a result, there is no damage to the seal on asphalt shingles so the roof warranty remains intact. RT-MINI is fully waterproof and certified by the ICC for Flexible Flashing. Available in 38 states and five provinces in Canada.

The Schletter Group is a manufacturer of solar mounting systems. They develop and manufacture, in North America, mounting solutions made of aluminum and steel for rooftop, ground-mount, and tracker.

SpeedSeal Technology is a new generation of attachments that incorporates flashing reliability into a single attachment by using Lag Driven Sealant Technology. The new SpeedSeal Foot & Track speeds up the install process by lagging straight to a rafter without in-between components and eliminates damage to shingles. SpeedSeal Technology compresses sealant into the cavity, shingle surfaces, and lag hole, as the SpeedSeal Foot or Track is secured. Installers no longer need to pry-up shingles or remove nails that leave holes, leaving the roof installed how it's meant to be. SpeedSeal Foot & Track saves installers time on the roof with less parts and tools, while maintaining the roof's integrity.

Sherex Fastening Systems Sherex Fastening Solutions is a manufacturer of fastening products for a variety of different industries. For the solar industry, Sherex product lines of rivet nuts and wedge-locking washers are used on racking systems for efficient installation, to strengthen attachment points, and to prevent loosening due to vibration. Hexagonal and thin-walled knurled rivet nuts are used in solar racking systems because of their strength and ease of installation. Sherex’s Disc-Lock product line of wedge-locking washers, nuts, and bolts are critical in keeping joints secure, preventing them from loosening due to weather and vibration.

Solar Connections International Solar Connections International’s adjustable rib attachment solution comes pre-kitted and includes all accessories needed to make the installation go as smooth as possible. Not only can this product adjust in width from .75" - 3.00" but it’s also a cost effective option. An L-Foot can be easily attached for a rail install or use their patented, UL 2703/1703 Solar Connection Kit which is a fully rail-less solution. Each of their PowerWings come with pre-applied EPDM gaskets so there is no extra work for the installers to make a water tight seal.

COMPLETE SUPPLIER FOR ALL TYPES OF SOLAR PANEL CLEANING EQUIPMENT AND ACCESSORIES Sola-Tecs C Series Brush S-5! Solar installation is quick and convenient with direct-attach. PVKIT 2.0 utilizes clamps or brackets and a grab system to marry the module to the built-in rails. Lower the weight of the entire system, reduce logistics and shipping hassles, off and on the roof, while saving significantly in install time and labor. The S-5! PVKIT 2.0 comes pre-assembled, requiring only a single tool to install the S-5! clamp and PVKIT. Featuring aggressive bonding teeth for better grounding, this UL 2703 listed solar module mounting solution requires fewer lugs/ground wires, helping customers save time and money when flush mounting.

•Uses up to 40% less water than other available alternatives •Cleans faster and can be customized to work on almost any site •Most efficient and universal brush available

Full Featured Trailers •On demand, high pressure Spot Free Water •Remote auto start/stop engine and 300ft of lightweight, flexible hose •300 gallon to 1600 gallon in size

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2021 solar buyers guide

Solar Foundations USA The SFUSA Ground Mount is a solution for residential and light commercial solar projects. Designed to withstand high snow and wind areas, the UL 2703 classified system has an expected lifespan that exceeds multiple panel lifecycles. Thus, Solar Foundations’ product maximizes the residual investment of a ground mount structure. The SFUSA Ground Mount features wider spans between piles by using high strength structural members. Solar Foundations' engineered structure balances the capacity of all system components, resulting in fewer ground penetrations and lower installed costs. System flexibility allows for unique configurations.

SunModo Corp. SunModo introduces the SMR Pitched Roof System. The SMR System’s optimized design makes the SMR Rails both light and strong. One tool assembly and Pop-On technology allow fast and worry-free installation. Whether rafter or deck, portrait or landscape, the SMR System is suitable for a solar installation.

TerraSmart GLIDE is a ground screw-based racking system designed to work in any soil condition for utilityscale solar projects. Infused with bifacial module compatibility, GLIDE’s landscape mounting orientation offers a shadow free backside and integrated electrical bonding. Structurally, GLIDE consists of minimal hardware and is a stiff, yet agile racking system that increases the speed of install, resulting in maximum field efficiency. GLIDE's simplified connections and lightweight parts result in reduced labor hours in the field, which aid in a significant reduction in price per watt.

Universal Clamps The Universal Clamps line of standing seam metal roof clamps are a safe PV racking solution. A design, which uses hammers to grip the seam without damaging the material, helps provide a strong and consistent hold. One-piece and two-piece clamps are available to provide a wide range of applications. Installation is simple and all fastening hardware is included with each clamp. Universal Clamps are fully customizable and can be designed to meet the exact specifications of any project.

Solar STACK Solar Stack is a mounting system designed to eliminate racking and rails by using a code approved foam adhesive instead of roof penetrations, keeping the roof warranties intact. This method of solar mounting is cost effective and reduces labor costs and installation time by 50%. Patented and meeting stringent wind codes, Solar Stack is designed to meet 185mph winds. Certified Florida Product Approval including HVHZ (High Velocity Hurricane Zone). Solar Stack eliminates drilling holes, inserting screws, and locating structural connection points on the roof for positioning of the solar panel.

Tamarack Solar Products Tamarack Solar offers a low cost, easy to install, and robust solution for roof mount solar applications. A channel based rail provides for quick and easy wire management, and their tool free splices support shorter rail lengths for easy shipping, stocking, and handling on the roof. Tamarack’s 5050 module clamp functions as both a mid and end clamp. One clamp is all that is needed to stock. Alternatively, their Channel End Clamps provide premium aesthetics. Tamarack also offers a full line of ground and pole mount solutions.

Zilla Corporation

Tessolar, Inc. The Tesserack Z PV mounting system is now available in the U.S. for both corrugated metal and shingled roofs. The Z is a UL Listed, factory assembled, composite mount that installs with two self drilling screws. Modules are attached without tools and locked in place with a simple click. Tesserack Z has been certified for 185mph winds in Australia, subjected to over 40,000" of simulated rainfall, and has been in the field for over two years without issues in southern India. Hardware is in stock and ready for delivery.

Zilla's patented Double Stud XL Flashing Assembly attaches directly to sheathing while also providing the option for structural members if necessary. Without having to locate structure, the Zilla Double Stud XL eliminates the need for installation prep work, standardizes design and installation processes, achieves speed and flexibility in the field, and makes it possible to complete more projects in less time at less cost. Zilla Double Stud XL is compatible with Zilla flush mount systems or any solar mounting system to help drive better bottom line results.

Radiant Heating

TerraGen Solar

Sollega Sollega’s latest racking innovation, the FR-SBJ, one piece slide-on bonding jumper provides module to module bonding. The easy to install, one piece spring stainless steel part installs without the need of tools. Simply position it between two adjoining modules and slide the end clips onto the module flanges. The part is designed to work in conjunction with the FR510 ballasted racking system, replacing 4 parts in the previous system. It also can be used as a standalone solution.

TerraGen Solar is a solar PV mounting system engineering and manufacturing supplier focused on client relationships and continuous improvement to develop PV racking designs and solutions. To date, TerraGen has supplied racking solutions including their standard TGR flat roof ballasted system, their TGT tilted pitched roof system, their TGP flush mount system, carport and ground mount systems, and custom designs for various customers. TerraGen is able to overcome site-specific challenges and offer solutions to the market with their experience in manufacturing, engineering, construction, project management, and solar power plant design.



Electro Plastics, Inc./STEP Warmfloor Unirac’s Universal Aesthetic Fastener(Universal AF) accommodates every module between 30-46mm without extra spacers. It also has a self-standing, twist-and-lock technology, guaranteed T-bolt engagement, integrated bonding mid and end clamps, and a one-tool installation, providing a fast, intuitive install experience. Its low-profile hardware, ½" module gap end caps, and the optionality to cut rail flush provides refined aesthetics. In addition to all these features, Universal AF is covered by Unirac’s 25-year system warranty.

A radiant heating technology based on a self-regulating Nano poly carbon material, which operates on low-voltage AC or DC. Due to its unique self-regulating properties, the heating element cannot overheat as the nature of the polymer material automatically reduces or increases its heat output to adjust to the temperature changes. This means that when the ambient temperature increases, the electrical resistance increases, and the consumption of electricity decreases. These heating elements can be used to warm floors in homes and buildings, de-ice and melt snow on roofs and ramps, and also keep solar panels free from snow.

Unirac, Inc.

Rapid Shutdown Systems

Residential or Small Office PV

Luma Solar The best-in-class Solar Roof System, Since 2006, Luma Solar has specifically designed their fully-integrated solar and metal roof systems for customers who demand renewable energy without sacrificing elegance or endurance. Hurricane Category 5+ and salt spray exposure rated. Now training qualified local contractors.


Roll Forming

RSD-Plus is an NEC-2017 and NEC-2020 compliant device. 4 PV modules RSD in one device enables low cost, PV level thermal shutdown enables even greater safety protection. Configured DC cables and connectors to match the PV connector brand and lowers AHJ rejection risks. Optional PV data monitoring available.

Renewable America, LLC Renewable America provides assessment of properties suitable for the distribution of solar power and storage. They offer scouting land for development and are capable to develop projects from site identification to operation.

RPM Rollformed Metal Products is a supplier of custom steel or aluminum profiles for photovoltaic mounting systems. Their capabilities are pre-punched, secondary ops, custom packaging, embossing, assembly, or any other feature to customize a program, product, and delivery options. Their ISO9001:2015 facility has produced over 25 million pounds of custom steel for solar racking with zero client rejections. RPM provides a cost-effective solution for any custom tracker, fixed, or ballasted racking system.

Real Estate Developer

RPM Rollformed Metal Products

Samson Roll Formed Products Co. Johnson Bros. Roll Forming Co. Johnson Bros. Roll Forming is a manufacturer of panel frames and other solar energy components, such as the supports and structural components for panels, as well as reflector troughs for solar concentrators. They offer a wide variety of custom shapes for various different solar panel frames and structures.

Samson Roll Formed Products Co produces channels used by the solar industry as brackets, photovoltaic array supports and solar panel framing/trim, including a parabolic shaped channel, the main component in compound parabolic collectors, as well as custom shapes. Samson was founded in 1946 and is located in the Chicago metro area in a 200,000sq/ft facility housing approximately forty roll form lines and an array of ancillary equipment to provide stamping, bending, assembly, parting, in-house design, and production of pre-notch, pre-punch tooling, as valueadded services. Samson holds ISO9001:2015 Certification.

Research & Development | Testing

Ocean Insight Ocean Insight spectrometers and multispectral imaging products are suitable for testing and screening photovoltaic materials. Optical sensing systems such as their UV-Vis and NIR spectrometers, multispectral imaging solutions, and components for solar simulator testing are easily configured for research lab and process line applications.

North American Clean Energy


2021 solar buyers guide Safety

Safety Hoist Company The Solar Panel Cradle accessory by Safety Hoist Company is an attachment used in conjunction with their electric and gas material hoists. This attachment allows users to safely and securely lift up to six solar panels at a time. The Solar Panel Cradle is simple, safe, user friendly, and affordable. Their products are made in the USA using high quality materials.

Blaklader Blaklader, a Swedish company, manufactures functional workwear for all industries. Within the clean energy segment, their FR line offers a wide range of garments, From 1636 pants to new 3492 Hoodie and more. All their FR garments are tested and compliant with NFPA 70E and CAT2 requirements.

Kee Safety, Inc. Kee Safety provides work at height fall protection systems and engineered safety solutions for the solar energy industry. From KeeLine horizontal lifelines to KeeGuard guardrail systems, Kee Safety products are tested to provide cost-effective, flexible, and OSHA-compliant solutions for separating people from hazards on the roof and in the field.

National Metal Industries PDS Winged Privacy Slats for chain link fence are a solution for increased privacy. With the quality and durability of their standard slats plus unique "wings" for extra screening and security, these slats are self-locking, no channels are needed. Suitable for privacy of solar farms. Approximately 90% wind load and privacy factor based on wire/mesh used and stretch tension. Customer is responsible for ensuring sufficient structural support for additional wind load.

Safety Rail Company The SRC360 Mobile Safety Rail System from Safety Rail Company is an OSHA compliant, passive fall-protection system. The SRC360 System is designed to be used at or around leading-edge fall hazard areas to prevent workers from being exposed to fall hazards. The SRC360 Mobile railing system can be setup during installation to protect install crews and/or left up permanently after the project protecting all personnel that may access the roof 24/7/365. Available in safety yellow, galvanized, or custom colors to match the building facade.

IMO Automation The FireRaptor from IMO is an NEC 2017 and NEC 2020 module level rapid shutdown solution which takes safety seriously. Fully compliant and carrying UL PVRSE and PVRSS Approvals, the FireRaptor system offers immediate shutdown to zero volts and is backed by a 20-year warranty. Utilizing no power line communications, thus offering compatibility with all string inverters, ensures that the FireRaptor system is easy to install and operate while not becoming a hindrance to system performance or O&M. Further, the plug-and-play FireRaptor can be fitted into new or existing PV arrays to meet code requirements.

Kong USA, LLC Made in Italy, the KONG BACK-UP ANSI/ASSE Z359.15-2014 is an ANSI certified version Back-Up fall arrester. Safe and simple to use with only one hand. The KONG BACK-UP is a fall arrester that follows the operator in both directions. Shifting the special button to lock mode, the BACK-UP can be used as a positioning device. The KONG BACK-UP supports the strongest stress in a semi dynamic way, avoiding the shock effects on the rope caused by traditional self-locking devices with toothed cams. Connector/lanyard included.

Marking Services, Inc. Marking Services, Inc. (MSI) improves and standardizes solar identification to promote safer work environments and minimize downtime due to errors or accidents. They enhance the overall efficiency of solar energy plants by providing photovoltaic solar labeling products and identification services which effectively communicate valuable information to all who need it. MSI offers a one-stop, comprehensive source for solar labeling with quality products, fast turnaround times, and on-time delivery.


JANUARY â&#x20AC;˘ FEBRUARY2021 ///

PV Labels PV Labels has created two new items to help installers comply with code and finish off the install with a professional look. The new 05-218 and 05-219 labels have been designed to communicate the multiple messages required on DC and AC junction boxes. Based on the need to satisfy ANSI standards, these unique labels fulfill multiple code requirements while still fitting on these smaller components that have such limited space for labeling.

Standing Seam Roof Anchor The Standing Seam Roof Anchor is a light and universal fit anchor point and fits 95% of todayâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s profiles. Made from non-corrosive 6061-T6 aluminum with stainless set screws, temporary or permanent attachment. Lab tested to 14,500lbs ultimate breaking strength. Optional adapter plates expand functionality. They also offer a complete line of fall protection equipment.

Site Assessment & Forecasting

Software Supplier 17Terawatts

Burnham Energy

Strawder Family Innovations The RIDGEPRO is a tool to get users safely from the ladder to the peak of the house and back. Constructed of high-grade aluminum capable of withstanding thousands of pounds of pulling force, an adjustable pitch-selection grid with an incremental range from 6/12 to 12/12, two padded cross members to protect an existing surface material from damage and to balance the user when transitioning on and off the ladder, optional anchoring capability, rope and harness integration, and a set of pre-installed wheels to roll The RIDGEPRO to and from the peak.

Sheet Metal | Machining

EPOCS Manufacturing, Inc. Located in Longmont, CO, EPOCS Manufacturing Inc. is a 30,000sq.ft. precision sheet metal and CNC machining fabrication facility also offering in house powder coating, silk screening, and assembly. With over 40 years of experience, they provide competitive volume production and rapid prototyping of sheet metal and machined parts to a variety of industries.


The BurnhamEYE is a documentation and inspection app that covers all aspects of solar and battery installation. Their Site Assessment forms document site conditions and specific information needed for battery storage and solar system design. This can be used to start the permitting process. Their post installation forms are used to prove that the equipment has been installed correctly. This data can then be reviewed by their QC team or a customer’s, ensuring that any contractors being utilized are meeting NEC and specific company requirements.

Calvada Surveying

Bodhi automates post-sale communication and personalizes the homeowners’ experience so that installers can focus on executing projects, making more sales, and transforming communities around energy. By helping to improve the solar customer experience, Bodhi increases referrals and follow-on sales, reducing the cost of customer acquisition.


Calvada Surveying (Calvada) is a provider of professional land surveying services throughout the Western United States. With over 30 years of experience, they are licensed in CA, NV, AZ, CO, UT, OR, and WA. They offer a wide range of land survey services from conversional land survey, aerial and photogrammetry, high definition scanning and 3D modeling, and drone (UAV) services. For the renewable energy industry, Calvada has provided land survey services that include ALTA surveys, topographic surveys, construction staking, legal descriptions, aerial surveys, and other mapping services.

EagleView EagleView Inform Advanced for solar delivers a complete data set, with precise and consistent property measurements, 3D models, and solar access values through high-resolution aerial imagery and computer vision so solar installation companies can gain operational efficiency, better satisfy customers, and grow their business.

• Most cost-effective ground mount wire management option on the market • Now available in 2 sizes to best suit your needs. • Load rated to 50 pounds • Opening/Closing function means NO NEED TO EVER REPLACE • Round material = no sharp edges ever coming in contact with cables

Global Weather Corporation

Tech Products, Inc. Tech Products, Inc. is a global source for quality identification products for the renewable energy industry including, cable tags, tower (aerial) markers, and signs. Their products range from adhesive transformer labels to long-lasting substation signs following all of the latest ANSI, OSHA, and NESC standards.

Global Weather Corporation (GWC) is a Colorado-based weather data innovator, formed to commercialize technology from the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR). GWC’s SolarWX service is built on a foundation of high-accuracy NCAR technology to enable reliable monitoring and prediction of utility-scale solar energy, including solar power production. Typical users are utilities, energy traders, farm operators, farm maintenance crews, and transmission operators. Customers include Xcel Energy and many others. Data are updated hourly and provided at 15 minute intervals to 168 hours in machine-readable and user-display formats.

For FREE product samples, please reach out to Vin Marino or 800.539.3939

233A South Street | Hopkinton, MA 01748 | 800.539.3939 North American Clean Energy


2021 solar buyers guide

Ardexa Pty., Ltd. Ardexa is a global software and information services company, which changes the way data capture, information management, and control is achieved in solar, wind, hydro, and energy storage. Renewable energy organizations can significantly improve how information is securely captured and shared. Ardexa helps clients avoid vendor lock-in, promotes open architecture, and open sources. Ardexa captures data from a wide range of equipment and protocols in order to bring normalized data to the cloud. Real-time connections to operations result in timely alerts, controls, and analysis.

CleanSpark CleanSpark is a software and services company that offers software and intelligent controls for microgrid and distributed energy resource management systems as well as innovative strategy and design services. The Company provides advanced energy software and control technology that allows energy users to obtain resiliency and economic optimization. Their software is capable of enabling a microgrid to be scaled to the user's specific needs and can be widely implemented across commercial, industrial, military, agricultural, and municipal deployments.

BluWave-ai BluWave-ai offers software-as-a-service (SaaS) enabled by artificial intelligence for energy optimization. The software improves the efficiency of installed hardware with a low upfront cost and immediate operating savings. BluWave-ai's platform reacts to meter and sensor data from throughout the grid as well as weather sources and historical data. It is predictive, performing analytics on the data, determining patterns, improving as it operates, and adapting to changing situations. The platform complies with industry standards to ensure interoperability with installed devices and control systems and can be tuned to each operator's unique operational goals.

Ellume Solar, Inc. Ellume 360 is a complete cloud based Solar Monitoring and Asset Management software, designed for Plant Owners, Installers (EPC), and O&M companies. Ellume 360 is advanced software providing comprehensive in-depth analytics for solar power plant performance management as well as portfolio management. Software is designed to be device agnostic and hence is compatible with most devices available in the market today. Ticketing system provides a comprehensive logs of all the issues on a single platform allowing O&M companies to create a well documented solution knowledge-base thus improving the productivity of engineers.

Voyager Tracker is the next generation single-axis tracker providing industry leading ease of installation, performance, and reliability.

ENACT Systems, Inc. ENACT offers a Cloud Analytics platform to develop new projects for solar and energy storage, and to manage such assets for end-customers for the entire lifetime of ownership. ENACT’s enterprisegrade software platform tracks the entire lifecycle for distributed solar and energy storage projects - remote design, financing, project operations, and asset management. ENACT's platform is used by solar installation and development companies in 20+ countries with over $1B of projects processed annually.

Kevala, Inc. Search, filter, and find project locations for grid-connected solar and storage with Kevala’s Grid Assessor platform. Access a 1:1 map of transmission lines, 3-phase distribution feeders, substations, parcel information (acreage, ownership), and wholesale energy prices. Grid Assessor saves weeks of time, site control fees, and land consultant expenses by screening sites from the desktop. Users report a 30% reduction in development costs with better-qualified projects and less overhead using the Grid Assessor platform. Accelerate market entry by learning about new utility territories and local grid constraints ahead of time using Kevala’s curated datasets.

Loveland Innovations

Now Quoting Large Format Module Projects

IMGING streamlines solar site surveys by letting users view and share CAD-ready 3D models, detailed horizon reports, and other solar planning essentials after a quick automated drone flight, making the creation of solar plans easy.

Austin San Francisco More than just a tracker company, FTC Solar integrates engineering, software, and lean construction to lower installation costs and deploy reliable solar tracking solutions to advanced projects around the world.


Brisbane Dubai Shanghai

Get a Quote Today 866-FTC-Solar


Nextracker NX Navigator is a next-generation software control system for the Nextracker portfolio of solar trackers that enables PV power plant owners and authorized operators to monitor and securely control their PV systems. This enhanced control system increases production yield and enables precise operation across a wide range of weather conditions. Asset managers can now monitor with granularity, providing actionable data and greater control of their solar power plant assets. This powerful tool also helps mitigate costly power plant damage from extreme weather events (hail, hurricanes, and cyclonic winds) and operational expenses from planned events like maintenance and snow shed. These features improve safety and reliability and reduce the cost of ownership and improve feedback on the operability and performance of the system.

OpenSolar OpenSolar is a powerful end-to-end solar business tool, available to solar professionals for free. Offering fast and accurate design technology to create beautiful proposals in seconds. With OpenSolar’s next-generation solar design tool, OpenSolar 3D, slope, azimuth, and shading are automatically calculated and performance is estimated using NREL's System Advisor Model. Users can show their customers multiple systems, including finance options, in the online and PDF proposals. OpenSolar’s business management toolkit with CRM will drive business efficiencies, scale, and profit. OpenSolar 3D covers residential and commercial solar, and battery capability, presented in a users brand, for free.

PVComplete PVSketch Mega is a precision layout, modeling, and proposal software for utility-scale solar PV projects. The web-based platform informs early stage site assessment and system design by making it possible to run thousands of permutations of layouts to inform important development decisions by quantitatively evaluating how choices will affect round coverage ratio (GCR), kW output capacity, and production values. PVSketch Mega does the heavy lifting to optimize all possible system configurations. PVSketch Mega also makes it possible to import topography, assess rackable land, estimate production, auto-render layouts, and create professional proposals.


Solargraf is used by local solar contractors in the USA to reduce a typical 90-day process to under 30-days and the quoting process from 3 hours to 3 minutes with features including simple financing, permit and stamp orders, e-signatures, and robust project/team management capabilities. Solargraf uses HD imagery to generate slick and comprehensive quotes in a few simple clicks with shading analysis data and a proprietary AutoPitch algorithm. Solargraf allows teams to negotiate in real-time and offer up to three quotes in one with Good, Better, Best to up-sell on every proposal.

Vaisala employs robust modeling techniques and super-computing capabilities to achieve quality data captured in their renewable energy solution tools. Vaisala Historian for renewable energy offers project managers, asset owners, and developers critical information about historic wind and solar conditions for both specific sites and regions to maximize future output, minimize risk, and make better business decisions moving forward. Based on almost two decades of satellite imagery, multiple decades of global weather data, and cutting-edge weather simulation technology, Vaisala’s data is not only supported by science but by hundreds of customers around the world. Vaisala Forecaster for wind and solar energy creates accurate forecasts for site-specific locations and entire regions, giving asset owners, project managers, and energy traders high quality data to effectively manage investments, reduce future risks, and gain a competitive edge in the renewable energy market.


RatedPower pvDesign is a cloud-based software to carry out the design and engineering of utilityscale(>1MW) solar PV plants, reducing the process from weeks to just seconds. With pvDesign users can perform different simulations, optimize the layout, carry out feasibility studies, and generate the engineering documentation for EPC/permitting processes. The platform enhances designing in a fast and accurate way, allowing its users to easily compare and manage all their projects in a collaborative, intuitive, and user-friendly interface. pvDesign has been used around the world by its customers, and its portfolio includes developers, EPCs, manufacturers, funds and banks, and engineering companies.

Valentin Software SOLO SOLO, a sales conversion platform, provides dynamic proposals, reputation management, document management, design, and engineering services for the home improvement industry. SOLO’S dynamic proposals are live in minutes with custom branding, remote presentation capabilities, integrated lending options, instant “in-proposal” updates, and live chat. The SOLO all-in-one ops service of proposals, integrated doc management, and next day turnarounds on CAD and engineering streamline the sales process, optimizing deal closure and efficiency. The SOLO platform provides the bandwidth and expertise companies need to drive growth while cutting costs and saving on hundreds of hours of work.

PV*SOL premium is a reliable tool with 3D visualization/detailed shading analysis for designing and simulating solar electric systems. From version 2021 it is possible to design the coupling of the PV system with a heating and hot water system. Appliances only operating when there is a PV surplus can be simulated in the latest version. PV*SOL also calculates how much PV energy can be used to charge an electric vehicle. 3D models can be imported via an interface, enabling floor plans, cadastral maps, and screenshots from web-based satellite maps to be imported into the 3D visualization. A trial version, tutorials, and webinars are available on the Valentin Software website.

Scanifly, Inc. Scanifly's drone-based 3D modelling software makes surveying and designing solar fast, cheap, safe, and accurate. Using Scanifly's platform, design teams generate layouts that automatically export to AutoCAD and SketchUp, and validated shading analysis from a drone.

North American Clean Energy


2021 solar buyers guide Solar Coatings

Solar Hot Water Distributors

GfE Metalle und Materialien GmbH / GfE Fremat GmbH GfE offers a wide range of planar and rotatable sputtering targets for thin film photovoltaics such as CIGS, a-Si, CdTe, and Si wafer based cells as well as for thin film thermal solar collectors. Standard materials include ZnO/Al2O3, i-ZnO, high purity Si, Mo, TiOx, and Cr in different qualities as well as numerous other materials as per specific customer requests. GfE’s unique rotatable bonding technology enables them to offer a variety of materials to be bonded stress-free onto stainless steel carrier tubes for achieving high sputter performance and optimal target output.

Solar Fasteners

HellermannTyton HellermannTyton’s PVDF solar tie is a commercial-scale, plastic solar tie designed to last more than 25 years. The cable tie’s unique material and pawl design are responsible for its extended lifespan and performance. Manufactured from polyvinylidene chloride, or PVDF, this outdoor tie exhibits high UV, chemical, and thermal resistance for a plastic resin, with a maximum operating temperature of 284°F. It was designed to replace metal ties, known to sometimes slice through electrified solar cables and lead to catastrophic faults. Some metal ties require a hand tool to crimp them closed, a time-consuming inconvenience.

Marine Fasteners Marine Fasteners is a supplier of stainless steel and non-ferrous fasteners, in U.S. and metric threads. They stock a full line of 304 and 316, Magni 565, Delta-Protekt, hot-dip alvanized, and their very own chrome plating line. Stocking well over $24 million worth of fasteners in nationwide locations, with another $4-6 million on order every day, they maintain customer requirements in stock. If not, their sales staff, with over 700 years of combined fastener experience, can supply competitive parts or custom manufacture to meet their customer’s delivery needs.

Howmet Fastening Systems Huck fasteners have been engineered to provide high installation speed and vibration resistance, making them a joining system solution for a wide range of solar applications. These fasteners are engineered to be installed in 1 - 2 seconds, and self-grounding Huck fasteners are now being used to replace conventional multi-part, grounding assemblies. To add even more flexibility and speed to installations Huck offers battery powered tooling. Huck fasteners also have the strength to support the connection of the solar panels to their frames, providing a level of vibration resistance which allows them to withstand winds exceeding 100mph. Finally, these fasteners are designed to be tamper proof, providing an additional measure of security for valuable PV panels.

National Roofing Partners NRP ensures a commercial roof is ready for an installation or service project and maintains roof manufacturers' warranties. They help install mounts and racks. Commercial roof services for solar installers include pre and post-install roof inspections, roof remediation and repair, and penetrating mounts installed. Solar readiness products include mechanical attachments, solar ballasts, solar slip sheets, and conduit supports.

Solahart Industries, Pty, Ltd. Solahart is an Australian company which has been manufacturing and selling Thermosyphon Solar water heaters and Solar Collectors into the USA since the early 1980's. Solahart has SRCC OG100 and OG300 Certification for its solar collectors and systems for domestic and commercial applications. Solahart can provide multiple domestic 80gal Thermosyphon systems manifolded together for applications like HUD and multi-family housing, hotels, and hospitals. Solahart is a product which lasts in harsh environments in over 80 countries. Solahart has a presence in CA and AZ, and are looking for distributors and installers throughout the USA, Canada, Mexico, and the Caribbean.

Solar Integration

Solar Furnishings

iSun Energy iSun Energy’s iSun Oasis Smart Solar Bench is solar-powered, LTE-connected, weather-resistant, and provides free WiFi to users. Easily and safely deployed, it is sturdy, using polycarbonate and stainless-steel USB port covers, and secured by anchor bolts. Induction ports are included at both ends for wireless device charging. An anti-graffiti finish makes for ease of maintenance. It features a cloud platform providing local weather, air quality, carbon, and other metrics to visitors. The Oasis Smart Solar Bench is also brandable, both physically and on the cloud platform, allowing owners the means to sell advertising, or share messages with users. Data from the benches will be accessible on the company’s iSunOS portal, a multipurpose software that provides data on return on investment, impact, and intention using state-of-the-art monitoring technologies.



Southern States, LLC Southern States LLC is committed to increasing utility systems reliability by delivering next generation switching, automation, and protection solutions. The TranSwitcher vacuum switching device, is a cost effective and reliable switching device that will reduce or eliminate rapid voltage change events by minimizing inrush currents when connecting solar generation to the grid.

Solar Radiometer Calibration

Solar Support Structures & Carport Systems

DCE Solar

ISO-CAL North America, LLC ISO-CAL North America is an ISO/ IEC 17025:2005 accredited calibration laboratory specialized in the calibration of solar radiometers: including UV, visible light, solar, and far infrared sensors. Services include indoor and outdoor WRR, WISG, or NIST traceable primary and secondary reference calibration, depending on calibration method and sensor model type.

Solar Recycling

Baja Carports Baja's turn-key construction approach of solar support structures is an innovative and lucrative alternative to traditional rooftop applications. Customers will easily move through the engineeringto-installation process of solar integration for optimal cost and energy savings. Their carports have been built since 1981 in the USA by their own Baja-Certified Construction Teams, fully integrated solutions with in-house engineers for fast, easy projects. Their Pre-Fabricated Framing Systems with Bolted Connections (no field welding) can handle snow loads to 100psi and wind speeds to 170mph. They install over 40MW and 5 million sq. ft. per year including RV and boat facilities.

DCE Solar has supported the industry with over 1GW of fixed tilt racking systems in the US and abroad. DCE offers a wide array of foundation types (screws, ballast, I-beam, and low cost CEE channel) to accommodate the variety of soils along with the racking design to match the typography. To optimize the performance of bi-facial modules, DCE has unveiled the Long Span-BF (Bi-Facial) that allows full back side exposure unencumbered by any structural components.

Kinetic Solar

Kern Solar Structures Kern Solar Structures' CarPorT is a solar structure that is built with strong structural steel to endure any sort of wind conditions the installation site may deal with. It accepts all major solar panels, which means there will not be fitting problems regardless of the specifications of panel. Their Solar Speed RaX shared rail system ensures a sturdy solar carport system and permits a solid build with fewer fasteners. A clean design with a grounded cable management allows for an aesthetically pleasing carport combined with a powerful frame made from long-lasting material.

The High Wind Fixed Angle Ground Mount by Kinetic Solar is a fast installation solution that balances strength and convenience. The ground mount is built with pre-galvanized and hot-dip galvanized steel and is designed to withstand 1kPa of wind and 2.5kPa of snow, making it suitable for most environmental conditions in North America. For climates with less wind, there is also a regular model available. The High Wind Fixed Angle Ground Mount can hold up to 52 (60 or 72 cell) modules arranged in portrait orientation.

We Recycle Solar We Recycle Solar provides lifecycle management for photovoltaic devices. They bring decades of expertise in asset recovery and electronics recycling to the solar industry. We Recycle Solar is a single-source disposal provider for excess, recalled, and end-of-life solar products.

North American Clean Energy


2021 solar buyers guide

Quest Renewables

Kinetic Solar Kinetic Solar’s Seasonally Adjustable Ground Mount brings versatility and strength while also being economical and fast to install. Each module section is balanced to make seasonal adjustments simple; no heavy lifting or tracking system costs are required. A seasonal adjustment can increase yearly production of up to 14%. Standard tilt angles include 20°, 45°, and 60°. The ground mount can also be tabled for easy installation. The ground mount is built with pre-galvanized and hot-dip galvanized steel, and its A-frames are collapsible for ease of transportation. It is designed to withstand 1kPa of wind and 2.5kPa of snow, making it suitable for most environmental conditions.

Opsun Systems, Inc. Opsun is now supporting EPCs and developers with fully optimized bifacial carport structures. The SunPark product range comes with standard Y-shape, T-shape, reverse L-shape, and SuperStructure, and the systems completely expose the PV back side for maximum bifacial performance. Elegant in design, its structure is optimized to allow for a minimum quantity of columns and foundations, allowing for fast installation times and price competitive projects.

Quest Renewables introduces a new solar carport that enables two-day installation. The carport’s rapid installation method reduces project complexity which increases the overall completion speed for installers, and practically eliminates site disruption. FAST Solar Carports are a true plug-and-play solution and ship complete with substructure, panels, and inverter. Each carport produces 14.4kW and has a configuration of three panels by twelve panels in portrait orientation, with overall dimensions of approximately 20ft x 40ft.

Structural Solar LLC Structural Solar LLC designs, manufactures, and installs solar carports on surface lots or parking decks, and solar pavilions or architectural solar structures for commercial, institutional, and government projects across the US including Hawaii and Caribbean nations. The cost-effective structural designs with integrated aluminum racking systems are engineered for 40 - 60 year durability and can be value engineered to accommodate a wide range of challenging conditions and applications. Structures are typically cantilevered up to 45' wide or long span moment frames. Services include engineering for foundations and structures, steel fabrication, coating, steel erecting, and mounting of modules.

SCARLET Solar TiltPort 2021 is now more efficient. SCARLET’s TiltPort is a commercial size sun-tracking carport. Its solar roof tilts automatically, facing East mornings, and West at night, it produces up to 44% more energy for a higher ROI. TiltPort is customizable, from hundreds of units for corporations to waterproof sheds powering agriculture. Each 10-car-size, 36KW to 50KW, Plug-n-Play, panel agnostic unit is installed in minutes. Tested for 4 years in windy California, TiltPort recorded 2032KWH/KW.

Solar Thermal Manufacturing & Equipment

Sunda Solar Energy Technology Co., Ltd. SUNDA has solar thermal experience for over 30 years. With Germany technology and standard, SUNDA patent products are Metal Absorber Evacuated Tube Solar Collector series: SEIDO1 series heat pipe vacuum tube and collector, SEIDO2 series direct flow vacuum tube and collector, SEIDO3 storage type vacuum tube and solar shower, SEIDO8 horizontal heat pipe vacuum tube and collector, SEIDO6 receiver tube and parabolic trough concentrating collector, which are extensively applied on domestic hot water, industry process, pools and spas, space heating and solar air-conditioning, sea water desalination, CSP etc. fields. SUNDA owns over 10 international certificates, Solar Keymark, SRCC, etc. With their sales network all over the world, their products have been exported to more than 80 countries and regions.

Chromagen Hot Water Solutions A global solar water heater pioneer that develops and manufactures advanced hot-water, energy-saving solutions, including solar water tanks, solar water collectors, connecting kits and accessories. Founded sixty years ago, Chromagen Hot Water Solutions provides solutions for worldwide projects including single family homes, multi-story apartment buildings, hotels, hospitals, and industrial plants. The company established two subsidiaries in Australia and Spain, as well as a solid network of distributors in all continents.

SunEarth SunEarth manufactures the Empire, SunBelt, and Thermoray series liquid flat plate solar thermal (hot water) collectors. SunEarth’s tough and versatile SolarStrut and RexRack mounting hardware provides an engineered solution for all standard residential and commercial mounting applications.

Solar Thermal Systems



CoolPV combines solar electric and solar thermal into one panel to enhance electricity output and heat a swimming pool. CoolPV delivers up to four times the energy of standard solar modules in the form of both electricity and thermal energy. It is often referred to as hybrid or photovoltaic/ thermal (PVT) technology. Water within the CoolPV thermal tubes cools the solar module, which increases its efficiency and produces more electricity. Heat pulled from the modules and absorbed from the sun is then used to heat the pool. CoolPV optimizes roof space by combining two energy-producing systems into one while maintaining rooftop aesthetics.

Phone: 972-575-8875 Email:



Baknor Thermal Management Baknor provides solutions for heat dissipation with liquid cold plates, heat sinks, heat pipes, fans, and more. Their extensive knowledge of cooling weighs various tradeoffs and factors such as functionality, manufacturability, volume, mass, cost, packaging, efficiency, and the reliability and safety of heat dissipation components. Baknor’s thermal designs ensures the optimum temperature to keep a device running efficiently while improving performance essential for today’s electronic designs.

Testing & Certification | Testing Chambers Digital Solar Corp. Digital Solar Corp provides solar heating and A/C with low-cost inter-seasonal TES heat storage, offering the capability of 85%/yr heating offset even in severe cold weather. Dealers and installers are wanted in Canada, Australia, and soon the USA and South America. A new feature includes Snow Melt for driveways, footpaths, solar PV panels, and solar thermal collectors. Solar cooling is being Beta tested in India and will soon be available worldwide, specifically for farmers. Off-grid capability for remote locations to extend harvest times and reduce spoilage, or to cool remote telecommunication headend sites. Process heat up to 482°F, and a new controller with database and WiFi.

Stiebel Eltron, Inc. Stiebel Eltron SOLKITS thermal solar systems have SRCC OG100 system certification. Each solar closed loop system includes SOL 27 PREMIUM flat plate collector panel(s) and mounting hardware, SB/SBB storage tank with heat exchanger(s), pump station with expansion tank, temperature/pressure gauges, pressure relief and check valves, and controller unit with corresponding sensors. There is a 10-year warranty on Stiebel Eltron solar panels and tanks.


PeopleReady PeopleReady can quickly mobilize a qualified workforce for energy and industrial projects. These enormous projects require a large volume of skilled workers who can be hard to find in the remote locations where these projects are built. They can provide traveling teams, highly skilled craftspeople, and more for solar, wind, and industrial plant projects.

Advanced Test Equipment Corporation Advanced Test Equipment Corporation provides rentals of a variety of test and measurement equipment for all types of solar testing including I-V curve tracers, solar PV analyzers, power supplies, DC solar array simulators, PV inverter tester, battery testers, and more. Equipment can be rented at affordable prices for short-term or long-term rentals to help customers meet their industry compliance and pre-compliance testing needs.

Q-Lab Corporation Q-Lab Corporation is a global provider of material durability testing products since 1956. They design and manufacture Q-PANEL standard test substrates as well as weathering, light stability, and corrosion testers. They perform ISO 10725-accredited accelerated laboratory test services at Q-Lab Florida, Q-Lab Deutschland, and Q-Lab China. Outdoor exposure testing is available at their benchmark test sites in Florida and Arizona. Their weathering products and services are used by materials scientists, research and development engineering, and quality control personnel in numerous industries.

SPECTRAL EVOLUTION SPECTRAL EVOLUTION provides the SR-1901PT and SR-2501PT portable spectroradiometers for testing and classifying continuous and pulse solar simulators for spectral match to AM0 and AM1.5 and for uniformity and stability measurements.

Temperature Profiling

CAS DataLoggers Solar energy data loggers include simple data loggers that can be used to monitor wind speed for site surveys to complete systems that are used to monitor large commercial PV arrays. In addition to solar energy data loggers, they can provide temperature sensors, AC and DC voltage, current transducers, and pressure sensors. Some of the capabilities of their systems include recording generator or PV parameters, monitoring inverters, monitoring storage batteries, and recording environmental conditions such as temperature, humidity, wind speed and direction, and incident solar radiation.

TÜV Rheinland of North America TÜV Rheinland's services for solar include testing and certification for PV power plants, PV modules, Balance of System (BOS) components, energy storage systems, and solar thermal technology. Testing and certification are completed according to current standards and requirements.

North American Clean Energy


2021 solar buyers guide Theft Protection

Senstar With intelligent video management, video analytics, access control, and innovative perimeter intrusion detection systems (including fence sensors, buried sensors, and above ground sensors), Senstar offers a comprehensive suite of integrated technologies that reduce complexity, improve performance, and unify support. For nearly 40 years, Senstar has been safeguarding people, places, and property in the corrections, critical infrastructure, military, manufacturing and logistics, transportation, and oil and gas markets.

Thermal Insulation

ZIRCAR Refractory Composites, Inc. RSLE-57 is a low expansion high strength reinforced silica matrix composite that is used as solar thermal shielding in solar tower installations. RSLE-57 is stable in exterior freeze thaw and heat cycling. RSLE-57 is used in concentrated solar sterling engine as protection shielding. RSLE-57 is used in concentrated photovoltaic as protection shielding from solar spillage. RSLE-57 is used as insulation in the furnaces that manufacturer of cadmium telluride thin-film photovoltaic modules.


WEH WEH designs and manufactures high-quality nozzles, breakaways, receptacles, filters, and check valves for hydrogen refueling and has become a partner to the automotive industry in this technology. Safety, ease of operation, and the well-executed design make WEH H2 products a solution for manufacturers for H2 filling stations and fuel cell vehicles worldwide.

Tracking Systems

Innovative Insulation Innovative Insulation’s Radiant Barrier insulation material is cost-effective, easy to install, and compatible with existing insulation. It reflects 95% to 97% of radiant heat back to its source, effectively reducing heating and cooling bills, and the amount of solar energy needed to power a home or business. It does not interfere with the function of solar panels. Innovative Insulation manufactures Radiant Barrier products for various uses that include Super R radiant barrier thin-sheet reflective insulation, recommended for house wrap and attic applications; Tempshield reflective bubble insulation for metal buildings, walls, basements, crawl spaces, and packing; and Temptrol, a metalized, flexible reflective insulation fabric used for solar screens, tents, and curtains. Innovative Insulation’s Radiant Barrier products and solar panels are an energy and cost saving combination.

McCann Equipment, Ltd. McCann Equipment Ltd. is a multi-branch Canadian industrial tool distributor, specializing in the sale, service, and rental of torque and tensioning products. Their services include the repair, calibration, and certification of torque tools (manual, electric, pneumatic, hydraulic), transducers, and testers. Additionally, they certify air pressure gauges and hydraulic gauges as well as tension calibration testers (Skidmore). Each of the company’s branch offices is ISO 17025 accredited. The scope and accreditation for each is available on their website.

AllEarth Renewables The AllEarth Solar Tracker is a complete grid-tied, dual-axis solar electric system that uses GPS and wireless technology to follow the sun throughout the day for optimal energy production. The tracker’s 360º range allows it to produce up to 45% more electricity than fixed systems, resulting in guaranteed savings from a solar installation. Made in America, the tracker comes with a 10-year warranty, a 120mph wind rating, and superior snow shedding. Its simple, durable design and complete system palletized delivery simplifies and reduces procurement and installation processes, for cost savings in both time and dollars.

Slick Tools, LLC Bulletproof PV animal guards can quickly be formed from wire mesh using the AG Bender from Slick Tools. Portable machine bends 100ft of rigid fencing in three minutes. Adjustable profile fits any flushmount PV array. Pre-formed wire mesh is self-supporting and requires fewer fasteners. It can be installed before the panels on roof edges, eliminating ladder work. Reduces wrist/finger strain from manual bending.

Arctech Solar SkySmart II is a string-powered single-axis solar tracker designed to be stable under wind loading. At the same time, it has been designed specifically for the newest PV modules whose size grew from 2x1m2 to 2.4x1.3m2. SkySmart II is a modular tracker design whose performance depends on individual fix-fix and fix-free spans. This design also allows for adapting to challenging topography and helps in reducing the amount of foundation posts per installed MWs. It is a stable tracker and includes the same steel content as 1P solutions.



OMCO Solar DEGER Canada, Inc. DEGER is a manufacturer with a large product portfolio of single and dual-axis solar tracking systems. Their market position is based on Maximum Light Detection (MLD) technology. The MLD-sensor constantly aligns the connected solar modules to the point that achieves a 42.9% greater yield on average than fixed systems.

FTC Solar Voyager+ is the newest innovation from FTC Solar, designed upon the current Voyager platform to accommodate 500w and 600w large format modules. Voyager+ now combines all existing engineering design with a more robust architecture. Voyager+ requires no special tools, features only 7 posts per tracker, and employs patented fast and simple module attachment method while adapting to challenging terrain and maintaining bifacial optimization.

Nevados Engineering

FTC Solar Voyager is a next generation, single-axis 2P tracker solution that is producing enhanced power yields around the world. Voyager lowers balance-of-system costs through a design that reduces maintenance and engineering that facilitates lean construction methods. Voyager requires no special tools. It features only 7 posts per tracker and employs a fast and simplified module attachment method. The balanced DC string architecture reduces the overall DC wiring. Voyager adapts to difficult terrain and offers 60m row configuration achieving optimum MW per acre and minimal grading. Voyager is also optimized for bifacial performance.

OMCO launched the OMCO Origin Factory-Direct Tracker in 2019. This single-axis tracker can span up to 120 modules per row, has multiple preassembled components, proven auxiliary features (drive, motor, dampers, and controller), all with the added benefits of all structural components manufactured in the US by OMCO. Origin also has a universal module mount which allows it to use any module with frame heights between 25mm to 50mm and widths up to 1.3m. Origin has a unique bearing designed by their engineers to be able to adjust in 8 distinct ways to account for post misalignment.

The Nevados ATT is a solar tracker that works on all solar project sites and allows users to access more land at lower lease rates, and generate more energy per module. Nevados’ flexible bearing designs eliminate civil construction costs and increase land utilization. With the Nevados ATT, the site does not need to be flat and square. The ATT incorporates innovative structural solutions, controls, and software to operate on both flat and non-flat terrain with no inter-row shadowing. Their experienced team will help guide customers through project layout to eliminate grading on flat, sloped, and rolling terrain, all at flat-land tracker pricing.

Point Load Power PV Booster is a single axis tracker designed for flat commercial and industrial (C&I) building rooftops to produce up to 70% more energy from every panel. PV Booster produces peak power all day, which maximizes the value of every solar panel and lowers the cost of energy. Both the tracking motion and the aggressive tilt of PV Booster generate more energy per panel, which means more value for building owners and solar investors. Now optimized for bifacial modules.

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2021 solar buyers guide

PVH PVH is a tracker and fixed-tilt structures manufacturer with an extensive product and high level technological solutions catalog. Monoline and Axone Duo, its single-axis solar trackers prepared for bifacial modules, offer robust designs with advanced technology to adapt different soils and climatic conditions, maximizing the performance and profitability. The company has a Safe Harbor warehouse in California, which PVH increases its business volume and supply capacity in the USA. PVH combines its activity as a manufacturer, supplier, and installer, with its commitment to R&D, testing, and developing new intelligent and innovative steel structures.

Scorpius Trackers Pvt., Ltd. Scorpius Trackers offer a 100% wireless and maintenance free tracking technology, at a low cost of ownership (supply, install, operation). The design has a 'Multi Torsion Lock' cable drive, no motion dampers are needed, with same thickness Torque Tubes in whole plant. The Tracker control system uses proprietary battery management and wireless communication. The Tracker has a low power consumption for tracking, <0.05% of generated power. The Scorpius design has wide slope tolerances during installation. Scorpius plants certified for bankability, Wind Tunnel tested, and are working across multiple geographies, with 99.95%+ uptime.

Soltec America, LLC Soltec, manufacturer and supplier of single-axis solar trackers, presents its SF8 multidrive tracker. The SF8 tracker’s new minimum 2x60 configuration and 4 to 6 strings provide up to 100KW. The bifacial configuration of the SF8 can produce up to 8.6% more power generation. SF8 increases the rigidity of its structure by 22% compared to the SF7 tracker.

RBI Solar, Inc. The Sunflower II design from RBI Solar accommodates variable slope tolerances, and has adjustable row lengths up to 120 modules, allowing this system the flexibility to adapt to a variety of site conditions that used to impact tracker designs. The system is engineered to operate on North/South slopes up to 15%, which reduces the costs associated with civil work on potential projects. The gearbox and drivetrain system eliminate the need for dampeners by utilizing a distributed row technology, making O&M simple and requiring no special tooling to install.

STracker Solar FlexRack Solar FlexRack’s G3-X Series reduces installation time due to its adaptability to any pile solution, automatic system squaring, pre-drilled holes, and slot-to-slot connections. The G3-X leverages the company’s install base of over 2GW to deliver high quality, pre-assembled ground mount systems which accommodate up to 20% slope.

STrackers are elevated tracking systems delivering technology and performance. The STracker S1 is a robust dual-axis solar tracking system that maintains a minimum 14ft ground clearance at all times. Its 28-module array safely shades parking lots, agricultural operations, and picnic areas and is an efficient PV generating platform.

Solar FlexRack Solar FlexRack’s reliable TDP 2.0 Solar Tracker with BalanceTrac bundles an advanced tracker design with full, top-tier engineering and project support services to safeguard solar projects and portfolios from unexpected costs. An easy tracker to install, TDP 2.0 features smart backtracking to reduce row shading and maximize energy yields; rotational range of 110° (± 55°); and 10% slope tolerance to reduce civil work and project costs.

Suntrack by P4Q Suntrack by P4Q is a tracker controller product line from P4Q Electronics designed for single axis trackers for use in utility-scale photovoltaic (PV) projects. The TCU 2020 provides functionality and reliability, and enables customers to increase uptime and profits. Input power options include grid-powered, self-powered, and now PV string-powered. This tracker controller can be directly powered from the solar panel array. Reliable and bankable with global supply and after-sales service. Compliant with international certifications.



AquaSoli, LLC AquaSoli Engineering offers loadtesting (Pull Tests) of ramming piles and helicals acc. to valid standards; ground surveys for mounting structures, roads, and transformer stations with design of the basement; chemical corrosion analysis; GPS field measurements of the site surface; 3D-modelgeneration; module array and layout planning; shadow optimized layout planning for solar fields based on AutoCad (Civil 3D) files as deliverables; electric string predesign of solar parks, including the forecast of power generation; and dewatering and erosion protection.

Valmont Utility Valmont Utility offers a single axis tracker, the Convert TRJ. Convert TRJ features a robust structure with high tolerances for construction and topography, standard construction tooling, and only eight primary components. The wireless controls and string-powered motors provide a battery-free low-maintenance solution.


Niagara Transformer Corp. Since 1933 Niagara Transformer Corp. has been designing and manufacturing transformers in Buffalo, NY. They have shipped over 75,000 transformers to 90 different countries in their 85+ year history. Their products comply with IEEE Standards and government standards practiced throughout the world. Their diverse product line includes inverter duty transformers, substation collector transformers, step-up collector transformers, grounding transformers, and load tap changing transformers. Base ratings up to 50MVA, 138kV and 650kV BIL.

Transportation | Logistics

Solaris Global Solaris Global provides solutions to every step of the solar supply chain process. By offering options for transportation, warehousing, jobsite offloading, and value-added services, they can handle any size project in any location. They currently store over 5GW of modules and racking materials and can set up storage and transportation options of any size, in any location, for any length of time, on a short notice.

Clēnera Clēnera, LLC is a privately-held renewable energy company headquartered in Boise, Idaho. Clēnera acquires, develops, builds, and manages utility-scale solar farms and energy storage facilities throughout the United States. Combining technology with a deeply integrated team approach, Clēnera provides reliable, affordable energy systems to its utility partners. Clēnera’s current operating portfolio exceeds 1.4GW, with more than 13GW of solar and storage assets in development.

Inovateus Solar, LLC

Utility Scale Solar | PV

Since 2003, Inovateus Solar has been creating energy solutions for their clients. With the ability to offer customers a wide variety of solar energy products and services, Inovateus Solar has built a strong portfolio of customers ranging from fortune 500 companies to utilities, universities, municipalities, and the federal government. Inovateus has completed over 364MW of solar installations in the USA and the Caribbean, and has delivered services in over 15 countries.

7X Energy

7X Energy develops, owns, and provides asset management of utility-scale solar projects throughout the Unites States.

35 GW sold! Logisticus Group Logisticus Group offers a full suite of turn-key transportation, project management, and technology-related services. Service specialties for ongoing and/or planned commercial solar and wind projects include standard/industrial warehousing, lay-downs, and warehouse management technologies with a multitude of options tailor-made to the needs of each customer and project. Currently with 5 such warehouses across the U.S., Logisticus secures, up-fits, or modifies facilities as needed; runs all aspects of operations; staffs and manages personnel; offloads/reloads; transports to project sites; tracks transport vehicles and inventory through the proprietary technology system (LTS); and much more.

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2021 solar buyers guide Valves

Strata Solar

Littelfuse The Littelfuse SPXV series 1500 VDC solar string fuse protects photovoltaic (PV) installations from overloads and short circuits to minimize damage to solar panels. These 20mm x 127mm fuses offer amperage protection, up to 60A, for increased design flexibility. The full range, fast-acting fuse helps eliminate common low-overload faults and meets UL 248-19 and IEC 60269-6 photovoltaic fuse standard requirements. The SPXV fuse is designed to fit into the LFXV15 series fuse block and dead-front cover that offers personnel protection. The fuse block’s ventilated design keeps fuse running cooler, even at high ambient temperatures and current ratings, to increase fuse longevity.

Strata Solar is a vertically integrated clean energy developer across the full spectrum of the solar and storage value chain. Strata specializes in the development, construction, and maintenance of large utility scale solar arrays and storage systems. It is focused on enforcing strict Q&A standards for safety and optimal performance.

ALA Industries ALA Industries provides ELDFG high speed proportional directional and flow control with on board electronics. Closed loop, high response type proportional electro-hydraulic directional and flow control valves with on board electronics. Two direct type models with a maximum rated flow rate up to 80 l/min (@.ΔP=1MPa) are available. Two different available models of two stage OBE valves have a maximum rated flow rate up to 500 L/min (ΔP=0.5MPa (72 psi) at each port). 3-year warranty.

Wire Management

Trimark Associates, Inc. Sentry Electrical Group, Inc. Sentry Electrical Group is an electrical contractor for renewable energy, utility, and industrial construction services. They deliver complete, electric power construction services to major utility companies, municipalities, engineering firms, and renewable energy developers across the United States.

From Trimark’s SCADA system and revenue metering, to their meteorological stations (METs) and data reporting solutions, Trimark has all the experience, equipment, and expertise needed to ensure utility-scale solar sites are operating as efficiently as possible. Trimark’s solutions take the interests of various parties into account, maximizing productivity and revenue for site operators, while adhering to ISO requirements specific to different regions of the country, and thereby enhancing grid stability. Moreover, the scope of their services extends far beyond project completion through their Trimark Operations Center (TOC) service agreements.

AerosUSA AerosUSA’s high performance cable protection systems protect wiring in harsh environments such as solar and outdoor installations. New UL Listed / UL 1660 Conduits are used where ANSI 356, NFPA 70, and NEC Codes apply. These UL94VO conduits and fittings are flexible, lightweight, and are self-extinguishing and flame retardant. They can also be coupled with their new splitable frame Cable Entry System to make the installation of pre-terminated cables and conduits efficient and cost effective. These splitable frames include integrated gaskets, are NEMA 4 / 4X rated, and accept a variety of cable grommets depending on the cable OD.

Burndy The WILEY WCH1 cable hanger is designed specifically to support cables by securing into mounting holes or wire management holes in the module frame. The WCH1 is compatible with all common module frame geometries including First Solar Series 6 modules. Stainless steel construction ensures that this is a solution made to last and the round cross-section of the hanger affirms that the cable insulation is protected from chafing in high wind and tracker applications. The compact 1" diameter bundle compartment securely holds runs of up to 6 to 8 wires in 8mm in diameter. UL1565



The patented Integrated Grounding Solar Cable Management System is the newest solution from CAB Products. Listed by Intertek to UL 2703, the new system uses a proprietary copper composite messenger wire and special hardware to allow it to act as the EGC and GEC, while also providing for cable management in CAB’s patented solar hangers. The hangers are available in numerous configurations to support a variety of cabling. CAB can help identify which of the hangers will work best for a project.

• Solar Modules • Inverters • Batteries • ...and More

Cambria County Association for the Blind and Handicapped

Heyco Products Heyco's HEYClip SunRunner 90° Cable Clips are a solution for the solar industry. These clips are constructed from either 304 stainless steel or 410 stainless steel, making them a suitable wire management solution for residential, commercial/ industrial, or even utility scale projects. These clips can route as few as 1 cable or as many as 4 cables, each ranging from .20" to .33" and have excellent side-to-side cable retention as well as panel retention. Part of Heyco's 20 Year Solar Warranty.

Nine Fasteners, Inc. Nine Fasteners' newest addition is the NFI-HANGER-SM, a smaller version of the NFI-HANGER released last year. Much like it's larger counterpart, the NFI-HANGER-SM is UL Listed for use within solar installations and is load rated to 50lbs. Both Hangers are manufactured here in the U.S. of hard drawn galvanized steel and are built to last the life of the system.


Snake Tray Snake Tray is a provider of cable management for commercial and utility grade solar installations. All products are designed with features to save on time, labor, and materials. Solar Snake Max is their new cable manager that maintains code compliant cable separation and eliminates the need to de-rate cables.

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SoftPawPV SoftPaw is a module integrated wire management device that makes wire clips and zip ties obsolete. Being part of the frame wall, SoftPaw eliminates maintenance costs and reliability issues typically associated with wire management solutions. The moduleâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s leads come preloaded into SoftPaw at typical use locations eliminating wire management in most cases. SoftPaw is sized to manage all cables within the array including those from the j-box, optimizer, microinverter, and homeruns at a cost equivalent to a few clips. SoftPaw is patent protected and available for licenses.

Intersolar North America and Energy Storage North America come together for the first time next year to advance the clean energy future. Connect with installers, developers, utilities, technology providers, policy makers, and key stakeholders from around the world for innovative programs, networking events, and exhibits that maximize learning and deal-making.

Help shape the next phase of our clean energy transformation. Produced by:

Redeem this exclusive offer online at North American Clean Energy


energy efficiency

Buildings vs. Behavior Why structural energy efficiency is the future of energy conservation by Nishaant Sangaavi

Which takes more effort, altering a people’s conservation habits or altering the buildings they occupy? Considering how long the average New Year’s resolution lasts, it’s safe to assume that installing the latest energy-saving application may be a lot easier. In fact, we have the data to back this up.

Building retrofits can unlock energy savings of 60 percent1, giving them the power to fundamentally impact the way we consume energy. However, deep energy retrofits often require structural upgrades, which are often complicated to understand and expensive to implement. As a result, people tend to shy away from these bold actions, preferring to opt for low- or no-touch behavioral recommendations. These small, incremental improvements only produce energy savings of between two to seven percent; they also require us to focus on changing the way we live in our homes. The smarter alternative is having our homes operate better, become healthier environments, and give us the power to go well beyond single-digit energy savings. It’s imperative that we take bolder action in improving our building stock so we can meet our collective energy efficiency and climate change goals through deep energy retrofits. While structural energy efficiency upgrades are more expensive to implement, they last for the life of the building and continue to provide energy savings regardless of a change in occupants or their behavior. Behavioral programs, in contrast, require the active participation of homeowners in maintaining appliances and monitoring equipment, and can be rendered ineffective if customers become less engaged over time. The result? Behavioral upgrades such as smart meters and thermostats often lack longevity. For example, in a study on smart meter adoption2, researchers found that households who implemented smart meters produced non-significant energy savings: -0.04KWh to -0.15KWh per month. To



make real progress in reducing energy consumption, utilities and other administrators must shift gears and focus on innovative ways (PACE, financing, labelling) to support consumers participation in structural energy efficiency upgrades. These upgrades stand the test of time. They last as long as the building stock, and deliver consistent, substantial energy savings regardless of who lives in the building. One major barrier in the delivery of retrofits and structural energy efficiency upgrades has been scalability. Often, the programs that support deep retrofit upgrades require on-site visits from certified auditors, who must be compensated for their time and expertise. On-site auditors also rely on coordinating and managing multiple contractors and vendors, and measuring and verifying several types of results. This data collection process can be laborious and costly, and doesn’t even include the scheduling or costs required for the project work based on the eventual retrofit itself. From the audit alone, the desks of program managers and customer service representatives pile up with applications and administrative paperwork required to manage multiple quotes, invoices, and vendor and customer inquiries. All of this can cause delays, negatively impacting the customer experience and ultimately, deterring participation. Utilities and other Program Administrators may offer rebates and other incentives to offset the costs of structural energy efficiency recommendations, which sometimes works. But not often enough. Fortunately, this can be a problem of the past. Two main barriers prevent uptake of structural

Energy management ecosystem

energy efficiency: clear cost-benefit analyses for customers, and the overall price tag for the consumer and utility provider. Technology -- particularly machine learning and AI -eliminates these problems. We no longer have to struggle with accurately conveying the return on investment of structural efficiency, or the cost-burden borne by utilities to administer the programs. The innovative data science we’ve become accustomed to utilizing in almost every other sector can also be leveraged by utilities to deliver modern day programs, and make deep energy retrofits more accessible and compelling. Today, technology is revolutionizing the ability to identify deep retrofit opportunities, and to work hand-in-hand with auditors, vendors, and stakeholders to deliver those opportunities at scale. Using a data-driven approach, customers with the most need for deep retrofits can be identified and triaged accordingly. Policy makers are also beginning to understand this: In his campaign, President Elect Biden called for a $2-trillion, four-year investment in climate-related projects3, including the ambitious target of retrofitting

four million buildings. Through technology we can increase retrofit timelines, improve the customer experience, and maximize energy efficiency program dollars. This will ensure that we meet our ambitious North American netzero and climate change commitments.

Schneider Electric Solar announced InsightHome and InsightFacility, their newest additions to the Insight Energy Management ecosystem. Both InsightHome and InsightFacility are smart edge devices that connect customers’ Schneider Electric solar and storage systems to the Insight app. InsightHome targets the residential solar and storage market globally. InsightFacility is for large residential and commercial solar and storage systems. Schneider Electric’s Insight helps homeowners make decisions on their energy footprint. Homeowners see their energy production and consumption from mobile or web apps, and control their solar and storage systems. Installers use Insight to manage their portfolio of installations. Installers can reduce site visits by 50% thanks to Insight’s powerful remote management features. InsightFacility supports larger solar systems of up to 3MW or storage systems of up to 50kW. Portfolio management tools, customizable dashboards and remote control make managing a single commercial site or a large number of commercial sites easy. The communication protocols allow for connectivity to utilities, 3rd party inverters, and advanced lithium storage technologies. Both InsightHome and InsightFacility are compatible with Schneider Electric’s hybrid solar & storage offerings, including the XW and SW lines of storage inverters, the MPPT solar charge controllers and the accessories. For the European and Australian markets, Schneider Electric’s commercial 3-phase string inverters are also compatible.

Schneider Electric ///

Nishaant Sangaavi is the Co-Founder and CEO of EnergyX Solutions, a SaaS start-up company in the cleantech sector.

EnergyX Solutions

/// https://jeemconference.files.wordpress. com/2018/06/metcalfe.pdf 3 1 2

Calculate the value of energy flexibility

GridBeyond has released a free online tool for use within the commercial and industrial industry, the Energy Opportunity Calculator. The tool enables industrial and commercial businesses to calculate how much money they could earn and save through demand response and energy optimization services. Energy users quickly and simply enter three pieces of information: location, industry, and electricity consumption, and the calculator outputs the estimated financial benefits they could achieve. The results are split into two sections, revenues and savings. The tool uses the typical percentage of flexibility for the user’s industry, the typical services and programs available to that industry, and the values of those programs to generate the results. The revenues are based on demand response and other network opportunities, while the savings are based upon typical energy efficiencies, trading, and price optimization opportunities, as well as the operational efficiencies that can be attained. The user can then download a custom-made, personalized report containing further detail on their results, with additional information on the services they can participate in, the assets typically found in their industry, and an overview of their market.

GridBeyond ///

North American Clean Energy





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50 ACE Clamp/PMC Industries 33 Aggreko 91 Allied Tube & Conduit 9 AMEPOWER 90 American Earth Anchors 72 American Ground Screws 3 APA Solar Racking 5 Baja Carports 32 Bioenno Power / Bioenno Tech LLC 12 Black & McDonald 11 Blattner Energy 76 Buffalo Turbine 68 CAB Products 55 Chilicon Power 93 Continential Control Systems 65 Cotek Electronic Ind. Co. Ltd 37 Crown Battery 18 Detect 49 Eko Instruments (USA) Inc 15 Elevator Industry Work Preservation Fund 39 E-On Batteries 84 FTC Solar 86 Ginlong Technologies Co., Ltd. 26 Green Grid Solutions Inc. 70 Heyco 67 HuksefluxUSA Inc 23 International Tower Lighting 95 Intersolar North America 67 ISO-CAL North America 20 Janicki Industries, Inc. 65 Kinetic Solar 64 KONG 21 Logisticus Group 35 MK Battery 7 Mountain Crane 40 MPINarada 81 National Metal Industries 29 Nel Hydrogen 83 Nine Fasteners 43 OMCO Solar IBC Port of Lake Charles 79 Premier Water Cleaning Systems IFC PV Label 53 QuickBolt 63 RBI Solar 17 Reef Industries 59 Rolls Battery 73 Roof Tech 78 RPM Rollformed Metal Products 71 S-5! 93 SCHLETTER 16 Sentinel Control Products LLC. OBC Shoals 31 Siba Fuses 89 Sinexcel 13 SKYLOTEC North America LP 52 Solar Connections 57 Solar FlexRack 61 SolarBos 88 Sol-Ark 75 Solmetric 47 Soltec 85 Southern States LLC 45 Staubli 87 STEGO, Inc 51 Strawder Family Innovations 92 Tech Products, Inc 14 Transportation Partners and Logistics LLC 94 We Recycle Solar 19, 24 & 69 WECS Renewables 77 Word Rock Drills


Smart Energy Market Tour

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The journey to a clean energy future goes through the Port of Lake Charles. America’s vital energy cargoes—like petroleum products and LNG—have moved through the Port of Lake Charles for decades. Today, we’re delivering America’s energy future. The Port of Lake Charles has handled more than 1,000 of the huge blades that are assembled into wind turbines to generate clean, renewable energy nationwide. The Port of Lake Charles offers the capacity, capability and on-site rail system to get these massive blades offloaded and rolled out efficiently to their destination. We help energy’s future ride like the wind.









Lake Charles, Louisiana, USA

A cargo ship arrives at the Port of Lake Charles carrying a load of 144-foot-long (44 m) wind turbine blades. North American Clean Energy 99

Profile for North American Clean Energy

North American Clean Energy January/February 2021 Issue  

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