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axali xedva

13.06.2018

ivane javaxiSvilis saxelobis Tbilisis saxelmwifo universitetis socialur da politikur mecnierebaTa fakultetis Jurnalistikisa da masobrivi komunikaciis mimarTulebis studenturi saswavlo gazeTi

saRa

mos

gaze

Ti

giorgi kvirikaSvili Tanamdebobidan gadadga

dasaqmeba sicocxlis fasad tyibulis mindelis maRaroSi daRupuli adamianebis ricxvi dRiTidRe izrdeba, ramdenime dRis win 2 muSa daiRupa, maTgan erTerTi 25 wlis axalgazrdaa. 5 aprils tyibulis maRaroSi ngrevis Sedegad 6 maRaroeli daiRupa, 3 ki - daSavda. ,,saqnaxSiri“, romlis mflobelobaSicaa mindelis maRaro, acxadebs, rom daRupulebis ojaxebs 20-20 aTas laramde kompensacia gadaecemaT. Sss-m gamoZieba sisxlis samarTlis kodeqsis 240e muxlis meore nawiliT daiwyo, rac samTo, samSeneblo an sxva samuSaoebis warmoebisas usafrTxoebis wesebis darRvevas gulisxmobs. danaSauli 5 wlamde Tavisuflebis aRkveTas iTvaliswinebs.

axali xedva

unicef-is kvlevis Sedegebi da mimoxilva

saqarTveloSi bolo or welSi siRaribis maCvenebeli gaizarda. kerZod, 2015 wlidan 2017 wlamde, ukiduresi siRaribis zRvars qvemoT myofi Sinameurneobebis raodenobam 3%-iT moimata. agreTve, 3 %-iT imata siRaribis zRvars miRma myofi mosaxleobis raodenobam. 4%-iT gaizarda ricxvi im bavSvebisa, romlebic ukidures siRaribeSi cxovroben. saqarTvelos mosaxleobis keTildReobis Sesaxeb informacia gaeros ganviTarebis fondis mier Catarebul kvlevaSi aisaxa.


dRis siaxleebi

gaeros axali rezolucia devnilebis Sesaxeb

marneulis meri daakaves marneulis mkvidris mimarT araadamianuri da damamcirebeli mopyrobis braldebis safuZvelze, dRes marneulis meri, Temur abazovi, daakaves. saubaria Zaladobaze im adamianis mimarT, romelic parlamentTan aqciaze biZina ivaniSvilsa da marneulis mers sityvier Seuracxyofas ayenebda, guSin studia „monitorma“ gaavrcela mis mimarT araadamianuri da damamcirebeli mopyrobis amsaxveli video. socialur qselSi gavrcelda informacia, rom am pirovnebaze zewolas partia “qarTuli ocnebis” adgilobrivi warmomadgenlebi da marneulis meri axdendnen. momxdarze gamoZieba jgufurad ganxorcielebuli araadamianuri da damamcirebeli mopyrobis faqtze, saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis kodeqsisis 1443-e muxlis meore nawilis ,,e“ qvepunqtiT mimdinareobs. „2018 wlis 11 ivniss, gamoZieba daiwyo sisxlis samarTlis saqmeze, q. marneulSi, e.a-s mimarT jgufurad ganxorcielebuli araadamianuri da damamcirebeli mopyrobis faqtze, saqarTvelos ssk-is 1443 muxlis meore nawilis ,,e“ qvepunqtiT. aRniSnul sisxlis samarTlis saqmeze gamoZiebas awarmoebs qvemo qarTlis saolqo prokuraturis sagamoZiebo nawili. Sedegebis Sesaxeb saqarTvelos prokuratura sazogadoebas miawvdis damatebiT informacias“, - acxadeben prokuraturaSi.

81-ma saxelmwifom mxari dauWira devnilebis da iZulebiT gadaadgilebuli pirebis sakuTar saxlebSi dabrunebis uflebas. sagareo saqmeTa saministros informaciiT, gaeros generalurma asambleam, 72-e sesiaze, kidev erTxel miiRo saqarTvelos mier inicirebuli rezolucia „afxazeTidan, saqarTvelo da cxinvalis regionidan/samxreT oseTi, saqarTvelo iZulebiT gadaadgilebul pirTa da ltolvilTa statusis Sesaxeb”, - amis Sesaxeb „interpresniuss“ sagareo saqmeTa saministrodan acnobes. rezoluciis mxardamWerTa zrdis tendencia SenarCunebulia. gaeros generaluri asamblea aRniSnul rezolucias 2008 wlidan iRebs, riTic devnilTa fundamentur uflebebs, upirvelesad, sakuTar sacxovrebel adgilebSi nebayoflobiTi, usafrTxo da Rirseuli dabrunebis uflebas ganamtkicebs. rezolucia humanitarul xasiaTs atarebs da iZulebiT gadaadgilebis Sesaxeb gaeros saxelmZRvanelo princi pebs efuZneba. is gmobs saqarTvelos okupirebul regionebSi Zalismieri gziT ganxorciele-

bul demografiul cvlilebebs, adasturebs devnilTa uflebas dabrundnen sakuTar saxlebSi Rirseulad da usafrTxod eTnikuri kuTvnilebis miuxedavad da xazs usvams maTi sakuTrebis uflebis pativiscemisa da dacvis aucileblobas. „aRniSnuli gansakuTrebul mniSvnelobas iZens saqarTvelos okupirebul teritoriebze adamianis uflebaTa kuTxiT arsebuli mZime viTarebisa da saerTaSoriso monitoringis meqanizmebis ararsebobis fonze, rac kidev erT dabrkolebas warmoadgens iZulebiT gadaadgilebul pirTa da ltolvilTa usafrTxo da Rirseuli dabrunebisTvi,” - naTqvamia informaciaSi. garda amisa, rezolucia Jenevis molaparakebebis monawileebs mouwodebs, gaaaqtiuron Zalisxmeva saqarTvelos okupirebul regionebSi usafrTxoebisa da adamianis uflebebis kuTxiT arsebuli mdgomareobis gasaumjobeseblad, rac Tavis mxriv, xels Seuwyobs iZulebiT gadaadgilebul pirTa da ltolvilTa sakuTar saxlebSi dabrunebas.

TbilisSi 3 axali parki gaixsneba da 2 parks reabilitacia Cautardeba Tbilisis meriis informaciiT, mimdinare wlis bolomde ori didi parkis reabilitacia dasruldeba. “mimdinare wels iwyeba ori didi parkis reabilitacia e.w. wurwumias parkis, romelic moZvelebuli da amortizebuli iyo da aseve iwyeba “wiTeli parkis”, goZiaSvilis parkis sruli reabilitacia. orive SemTxvevaSi warmodgenilia Zalian kargi proeqtebi da vfiqrobT, Tbiliselebs am ori didi, ganaxlebuli parkiT sargeblobis saSualeba wlis bolodan eqnebaT. rac Seexeba sxva didi parkebis proeqtebis momzadebas, muSaobas ukve daviwyebT da momavali wlidan daviwyebT mSeneblobis process”,- ganacxada Tbilisis meris moadgilem maia biTaZem munici palitetis mTavrobis sxdomaze.

kaxa kalaZis TqmiT, gldanis me-6 mikroraionSi axali parkis mSenebloba iwyeba da 3 heqtarze met teritorias moicavs. amasTan, kidev ori axali saqalaqo parki moewyoba, am etapze parkebis mosawyobad ori konkretuli adgili Seiswavleba e.w. diRmis WalebSi da Temqis xevis. “Cven yvelaferi unda gavakeToT, rom parkebis kultura davabrunoT da adamianebs SevuqmnaT iseTi komforti, rom parkebSi Sesvla iyos sasiamovno. ukve sazogadoebac iTxovs amas da Cveni mxridan sWirdeba mowesrigeba im infrastruqturas, rac gagvaCnia da rac ar aris, axlis Seqmna. es ori proeqti, romelic warmovadgineT, mgonia, rom Zalian mniSvnelovania”, - ganacxada Tbilisis merma.

„mziurSi“ gigo anTiZis jixuri gaZarcves “mziurSi” 15 wlis gigi anTaZis savaWro jixuri gaqurdes. socialur qselSi vrceldeba informacia, rom es ar iyo pirveli SemTxveva, roca gigis jixuridan nivTebi daikarga. gigi anTaZes jixuridan, erT kviris ganmavlobaSi, jer wvensawuri mopares, Semdeg ki navaWri da dagrovili Tanxa. “es istoria rasac giambobT aris koSmari - gaxsenebac ar minda, magram mimaCnia, rom yvelam unda icodes. guSin mTeli dRe vfiqrobdi neta sxva qveyanaSic Tu moxdeboda msgavsi ram? “ -wers gigis maRaziis erTerTi stumari. 2018 wlis 1 aprils, Tbilisis meris iniciativiT gigis wvenebisTvi jixuri gadasces, raTa sakuTari biznesi gaegrZelebina. manamde gigi rusTavelis gamzirze yidda Tavis wvenebs.

kaxa kalaZe, gamonabolqvis Sesamcireblad, transportze SezRudvebs gegmavs meria axali satransporto politikis warmodgenas gegmavs. Tbilisis meris ganmartebiT, haeris dabinZurebis problema yviTeli avtobusebi, mikroavtobusebi da maTi gamonabolqvia. amis Sesaxeb man dedaqalaqis mTavrobis dRevandel sxdomaze ganacxada. „ekologiuri mdgomareobis gaumjobesebisaTvis mniSvnelovania, transportis TvalsazrisiT, garkveuli SezRudvebi. mxedvelobaSi maqvs yviTeli avtobusebis Canacvleba, romelic haeris dabinZurebis TvalsazrisiT seriozul problemas warmoadgens“-ganmarta kaxa kalaZem.

rubrikaze momuSave korespondentebi-neli verulaSvili,salome maTiaSvili,ani WiWinaZe, elene kobaiZe

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axali xedva


politika

premierministri giorgi kvirikaSvili gadadga „me Sevecade vyofiliyavi TiToeuli moqalaqis premierministri“ saqarTvelos premierministri giorgi kvirikaSvili Tanamdebobidan gadadga. amis Sesaxeb man mTavrobis administraciaSi gamarTul sagangebo brifingze ganacxada. „CemTvis Tanamdeboba iyo didi pasuxismgebloba. yovelTvis vcdilobdi, pativis grZnobiT metarebina es pasuxismgebloba. me mTeli guliT mjera, rom yvela nabiji Cemi qveynis sasikeTod iyo nakarnaxebi. me viyavi da var gunduri moTamaSe. aqedan gamomdinare, vxedav gundSi ganwyobebs da miviRe gadawyvetileba vtoveb Tanamdebobas.” - ganacxada premierma sagangebo brifingze. kvirikaSvilis gadadgomasTan erTad gadayenebulad miiCneva saqarTvelos mTavroba. Sesabamisad, maT parlamentma ndoba axlidan unda gamoucxados. saqarTvelos mTavrobis gadadgomis moTxovniT TbilisSi aqciebi daaxloebiT erTi Tvis ganmavlobaSi imarTeboda. Tavdapirvelad, es moTxovna klubebSi basiansa da galeriSi specoperaciis Catarebis Semdeg gaCnda. mogvianebiT, Tbilisis saqalaqo sasamarTlom xoravas quCaze mokluli ori arasrulwlovnis saqmeze gadawyvetileba miiRo, romliTac dadginda, rom prokuraturas daviT saraliZis mkvleli dakavebuli ar hyavda.

am aqciazec igive gaJRerda moTxovna. saqarTvelos kanonmdeblobiT, premierministris gadadgomiT mTavrobis sxva wevrTa uflebamosilebac wydeba. proceduris Tanaxmad, prezidenti formalurad wamoayenebs „qarTuli ocnebis“ saparlamento umravlesobis mier misTvis wardgenil premierobis kandidats, romelic amis Semdeg SearCevs ministrTa kandidaturebs da samTavrobo programasTan erTad warudgens parlaments dasamtkiceblad, risTvisac sul cota 76 deputatis mxardaWeraa saWiro. kvirikaSvilis gadadgomas exmaureba vaxuSti menabde-,, prezidenti daavalebs mTavrobis am Semadgenlobas movaleobis Sesrulebas axlis arCevamde. amis Semdeg 7 dRis vadaSi warmoadgens premieris axal kandidats, romelsac waradgens umrvalesoba. amis Semdeg 7 dRe aqvs premierobis kandidats mTavrobis Semadgenlobis warsadgenad da kidev damatebiT 7 dRe parlaments. rac Seexeba Sefasebas, es cvlileba mosalodneli iyo“ saqarTvelos moqmedi konstituciT, mTavrobis uflebamosilebis Sewyvetis SemTxvevaSi saqarTvelos prezidenti mTavrobis imave Semadgenlobas akisrebs movaleobis Sesrulebas mTavrobis axali Semadgenlobis Seqmnamde.

giorgi kvirikaSvili „qarTulma ocnebam“ premierministris Tanamdebobaze 2015 wlis dekemberSi daasaxela. manamde is „ocnebis“ xelisuflebis jer ekonomikis ministri, Semdeg ki sagareo saqmeTa ministri da vicepremieri iyo. mTavrobis xelmZRvanelis postze man irakli RaribaSvili Secvala. mogvianebiT kvirikaSvilma Tqva, rom am postze misi kandi-

daturis wamoyeneba „qarTuli ocnebis“ xelisuflebis pirveli premierministris biZina ivaniSvilis idea iyo.

ani WiWinaZe lia baRdoSvili

dRe Tbilisis istoriaSi

ukve sami welia, rac 13 ivnisi TbiliselebisTvis ubralo TariRi aRar aris. 2015 wlis 13 ivniss dedaqalaqSi mdinare veres xeoba daitbora. oficialuri versiiT, tragediis mizezi wyneTi-beTaniis damakavSirebel gzaze Camowolili mewyeri gaxda. stiqiam 24 adamianis sicocxle Seiwira, ori maTgani ki am dromde ugzoukvlod dakargulad iTvleba. daRupulebs Soris iyvnen zooparkis TanamSromlebi da maSvelebi. stiqiuri ubedureba 13 ivniss gvian RamiT daiwyo da 14 ivnisis dilamde gagrZelda. aRsaniSnavia, rom kalapotidan gadmovida mdinare mtkvaric. sanaxevrod daingra vake-saburTalos damakavSirebeli estakada, veres xeobaSi mdebare saxlebi wylis qveS moeqca, Camoingra kazino „evropas“ kedeli. adidebulma mdinarem mTlianad gaanadgura Tamaz elizbaraSvilis ZaRlebis TavSesafari. sul dazaralda 200-ze meti ojaxi, materialurma zaralma ki 50 milioni lari Seadgina. wyaldidobam TiTqmis mTlianad gaanadgura zooparki da mziuris baRi. stiqias emsxverpla cxovelebis didi nawili,

axali xedva

zogierTma maTganma volierebs Tavi daaRwia da qalaqSi gaiqca. Tbilisis quCebSi 5 lomi, 6 vefxvi, 6 daTvi da 13 mgeli aRmoCnda, kamerebma gmirTa moedanze behemoTic daafiqsira. 15 ivnisis saRamosTvis, zooparkis TanamSromlebisa da misi direqtoris gancxadebiT, saqarTvelos dedaqalaqSi ukve aRarc erTi mtacebeli cxoveli ar imyofeboda. Tumca es informacia araswori aRmoCnda. 17 ivniss, laguna veres mimdebare teritoriaze, erT-erT sawyobSi damalulma vefxvma oTxi Sesuli TanamSromlidan erTis sicocxle Seiwira. meriis mier gavrcelebuli gancxadebis Tanaxmad, stiqiis Semdeg aRdgeniTi samuSaoebi 40 milion larze meti dajda. rac Seexeba dazianebul saxlebs, miyenebuli zianis mixedviT ganisazRvra maTi kategoriebi: pirveli kategoriis obieqtebSi Sevida is saxlebi, romlebic mTlianad ganadgurda, xolo meore kategoriad ganisazRvra is obieqtebi, romelTa reabilitaciac SesaZlebeli iyo. oficialuri monacemebiT, stiqiis Sedegad mTlianad ganadgurda 84, xolo dazianda 158 sacxovrebeli saxli. adidebulma verem sami wlis win

uamravi axalgazrda daayena gverdigverd. stiqiis meore dRes aTasobiT moxalise sakuTari iniciativiT gamovida qalaqisa da xalxis dasaxmareblad. mosaxleobis nawili dazaralebulebisTvis tansacmels agrovebda, danarCenebi ki niCbebiTa da xelTaTmanebiT ebrZodnen stiqiis Sedegs. „13 ivnisis tragedia mosaxleobis gaerTianebis saukeTeso magaliTad iqca. Zalian emociuri dReebi iyo ucnobebi da nacnobebi erTad saerTo problemis dasaZlevad. es iyo saxelmwifosa da samoqalaqo sazogadoebis erTad dgomis uprecedento magaliTi” - ixsenebs erT-erTi moxalise gabriel menabde. stiqiis winaaRmdeg brZolis proceSi CarTuli iyo araerTi qveyana. sami wlis win saqarTvelos daxmareba gauwia TurqeTis, somxeTis, azerbaijanis, ukrainis, litvis, latviis, aSS-isa da ruseTis mTavrobebma. poloneTis sagareo saqmeTa saministrom saqarTvelos 100 000 evro gadmouricxa. praRis zooparkma wyaldidobasTan gamklavebis specialistTa gundi gamogzavna. sagangebo situaciebTan brZolis specialistebi gamogzavna israelmac. litvaSi,

qalaq SiauliaSi Catarda saqvelmoqmedo koncerti, romelic dazaralebuli ojaxebis daxmarebas isaxavda miznad. 2015 wels TbilisSi mdinare veres adidebis Sedegad gamowveuli wyaldidoba da msxverpli pirveli SemTxveva ar aris. 1924 wels wyaldidoba-Rvarcofi mdinare veres kalapotSi msxverpliT dasrulda, 1940 wlis 10 maiss stiqiam seriozuli zarali miayena qalaqs. 1960 wlis 4 ivniss daitbora zooparkis teritoria, stiqia erTi wlis Semdegac ganmeorda da zooparkis binadrebi imsxverpla. 1972 wels moxda Rvarcof-katastrofuli wyaldidoba, xolo 1980 wlis 13 maiss Zlieri wvimiT gamowveuli wyaldidobis Sedegad wyneTSi dairRva xelovnuri wyalsacavis nageboba. SemTxvevas 8 adamiani emsxverpla. 2015 wlis 13-14 ivniss momxdari stiqiis Sedegad daRupulTaTvis pativis misagebad, saqarTvelos mTavrobis gankargulebiT, 15 ivnisi glovis dRed gamocxadda. salome goSaZe

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sazogadoeba

saqarTveloSi mosaxleobis siRaribis done gaizarda UNICEF-is kvlevis Sedegebi da mimoxilva saqarTveloSi bolo or welSi siRaribis maCvenebeli gaizarda. kerZod, 2015 wlidan 2017 wlamde, ukiduresi siRaribis zRvars qvemoT myofi Sinameurneobebis raodenobam 3%-iT moimata. agreTve, 3 %-iT imata siRaribis zRvars miRma myofi mosaxleobis raodenobam. 4%-iT gaizarda ricxvi im bavSvebisa, romlebic ukidures siRaribeSi cxovroben. saqarTvelos mosaxleobis keTildReobis Sesaxeb informacia  gaeros ganviTarebis fondis mier Catarebul kvlevaSi aisaxa. kvlevis angariSis mixedviT, saqarTvelos mosaxleobis daaxloebiT 5% siRaribis zRvars miRma cxovrobs. maT Soris, pensionerebis procentuli wili 4 %-s Seadgens, xolo bavSvebisa -7%-s, rac sakmaod maRali maCvenebelia. ukiduresi siRaribis zRvari warmoadgens 1,25 aSS dolars dReSi erT pirze, rac TveSi saqarTveloSi mcxovrebi adamianisTvis 82,8 lars Seadgens. rogorc kvlevam aCvena, ukidures siRaribeSi myofi pirebis wili urbanul dasaxlebebSi Warbobs soflad mcxovrebTa raodenobas. kerZod,  urbanul dasaxlebebSi es ricxvi 4.5%-ia, soflad ki - 4%. bolo or weliwadSi gaizarda zogadi siRaribis donec. 2015 wels es maCvenebeli Sinameurneobebis mTliani raodenobis 16,4 %-s Seadgenda, 2017 wels ki am maCvenebelma 20 %-s miaRwia. zogadi siRaribis maCveneblad miCneulia 2,5 aSS dolari dReSi. TveSi erT adamianze es ricxvi 165 lars Seadgens. gansakuTrebul yuradRebas iqcevs is

faqti, rom saarsebo minimumis zRvars qvemoT mcxovrebi bavSvebis raodenoba mniSvnelovnad gazrdilia. bolo monacemebiT, yoveli mexuTe bavSvi iseT SinameurneobaSi cxovrobs,  romlis wevrTa minimaluri moTxovnilebebi daukmayofilebelia. kvlevis mixedviT, wina wlebTan SedarebiT, socialuri daxmarebebi gaxda ufro miznobrivi da bavSvis danamatTan erTad xels uwyobs bavSvTa siRaribis Semcirebas. ,,miuxedavad amisa, bavSvebi kvlav rCebian yvelaze daucvel jgufad saqarTveloSi”,- amis Sesaxeb gaeros bavSvTa fondis warmomadgenelma, laia omar gadma, isaubra.   magaliTad, daaxloebiT 14 000-mde bavSvi ver iRebs skolamdel ganaTlebas sabavSvo baRebis ararsebobis gamo. sabavSvo baRSi daswrebasTan dakavSirebiT Semcirda sxvaoba Rarib/ mdidar da qalaqad/soflad mcxovreb bavSvebs Soris. Rarib ojaxebSi mcxovreb 3-5 wlis asakis 10 bavSvidan 6-s sabavSvo wignebi an saerTod ar aqvs, an aqvs arasakmarisi raodenobiT. Raribi mosaxleobis 15-18 wlis asakis yoveli mexuTe bavSvi aRar aris CarTuli saganmanaTleblo sistemaSi. aseve, aRsaniSnavia, rom bavSvian SinameurneobebSi siRaribis maCvenebeli metad maRalia. roca saqme sam an met bavSvian Sinameurneobas exeba, zogadi siRaribis maCvenebeli TiTqmis 34 %-s wamoadgens. e.i. SinameurneobebSi bavSvTa raodenobis zrdasTan erTad mniSvnelovnad izrdeba fardobiTi da zogadi siRaribis maCveneblebic. kvlevam aCvena, rom Sinameurneobebis daaxloebiT 23 % fardobiTi siRaribis zRvars miRma imyofeba. zRvrad erT zrdasrul pirze  daaxloebiT 177 laria gaTvaliswinebuli. kvlevis avtorebi miiCneven, rom siRaribis maCveneblebis zrda bolo wlebSi inflaciis maRalma donem da laris gaufasurebam  ganapiroba. Sinameurneobebis mier sakvebze,ganaTlebasa da grZelvadiani moxmarebis produqtebze gaweuli xarjebi Semcirda, ramac  samomxmareblo fasebis gazrda gamoiwvia. kvlevis mixedviT, dabali Semosavlebis mqone SinameurneobebSi sakvebze gaweuli xarjebis raodenobam imata. es niSnavs, rom inflaciuri procesebi ufro metad aisaxa dabali

xelvaCaurSi samkervalo fabrikis TanamSromlebma saprotesto aqcia gamarTes axalsofelSi gamarTuli aqciis monawileebi xelmZRvanelobisgan kuTvnili xelfasebis aRebas iTxoven. maTi gancxadebiT, 35 TanamSromels sami Tvis ganmavlobaSi xelfasi ar auRia. maT araadamianur pirobebSi amuSavebdnen. samkervalos Senoba ijariTaa aRebuli da am droisTvis davalianeba daaxloebiT 40 aTas lars Seadgens. yofili TanamSromlebi ,moTxovnis daukmayofilebis SemTxvevaSi, farTomasStabiani aqciebis gamarTvasa da baTumi-sarfis centraluri saavtomobilo gzis gadaketvas gegmaven. „bolo sami Tvea gvatyuebdnen, male iqneba xelfasio. sawarmos „inseT eSen teqstili“ hqvia da misi damfuZnebeli TurqeTis moqalaqea. ramdenime dRis win umravlesoba dagviTxoves ise, rom dRemde ar viciT, samkervalo saerTod daixura, Tu droebiT. xelfasebze saerTod aravin gvelaparakeba. rac Seexeba pirobebs, ar iyo kveba da wyali, iyo antisanitaria, virTxebi Tavze gvaxtebodnen da aseT mZime pirobebSi vmuSaobdiT“, - acxadebs aqciis erT-erTi monawile. xelvaCauris meriis warmomadgenlebi Sexvdnen dazaralebulebs da ganucxades, rom Tanxis misaRebad sasamarTlos unda mimarTon, vinaidan konkretul SemTxvevaSi meria ver daexmarebaT. TaTia daviTaSvili

4

Semosavlis mqone Sinameurneobebis finansur mdgomareobaze, vidre SedarebiT maRali Semosavlebis mqone Sinameurneobebis mdgomareobaze. ekonomikur sirTuleebTan Tavis garTmevis mizniT ufro meti ojaxi mimarTavs sesxs. finansuri instrumentebis gamoyeneba (bankebi da lombardebi) gaizarda Rarib ojaxebSi. mosaxleobas jandacvaze meti xarjis gaweva uxdeba, gansakuTrebuli wili medikamentebze modis, romelTa fasic qveyanaSi mniSvnelovnad maRalia. Tumca, aRsaniSnavia, rom bolo wlebSi mosaxleobisTvis ufro xelmisawvdomi gaxda jandacvis momsaxurebebi. UNICEF-is kvlevis mixedviT, saqarTveloSi umuSevrobis done kvlav maRalia. am kuTxiT yvelaze mniSvnelovani gamowveva dasaqamebulTa ganawilebaa. saqarTveloSi umuSevrobis yvelaze mniSvnelovan problemad kvlavac rCeba axalgazrdebs Soris umuSevrobis maRali done. yvelaze daucvel jgufs 15-19 da 20-24 wlis axalgazrdebi warmoadgendnen. „samuSao Zalis udidesi nawili TviTdasaqmebulia da ZiriTadad koncentrirebulia soflis meurneobaSi, romelic mTliani Sida produqtis 8.2%-ia. saqarTveloSi samuSao Zalis raodenoba 2015-2016 wlebSi 2021 aTasi kacidan 1998 aTas kacamde meryeobda“,naTqvamia kvlevaSi. gansakuTrebiT aRsaniSnavia, rom siRaribis maCveneblis zrdis miuxedavad

Semcirda raodenoba im pirebis, romlebic Tavs Raribad miiCneven. 2015 welTan SedarebiT, monetaruli siRaribis zrdis miuxedavad, mniSvnelovnad gaumjobesda subieqturi siRaribis maCveneblebi. 2015 wels 38.4 %-dan subieqturi siRaribe 33.7%mde Semcirda. „mosaxleobis keTildReobis kvleva“ ojaxebis paneluri gamokiTxva, yovel or weliwadSi erTxel tardeba da saqarTvelos xelisuflebis mier kontrolirebul yvela regions moicavs. kvlevis mexuTe etapze Sesabamisi kiTxvarebi 4697-ma Sinameurneobam Seavso . 2017 wlis ivlis-agvistoSi Catarebuli „mosaxleobis keTildReobis kvleva“ 2009 wels dawyebuli kvlevebis mexuTe etaps warmoadgens. misi mTavari miznebi saqarTveloSi arsebuli socialur-ekonomikuri tendenciebis mimoxilva, keTildReobis ZiriTadi indikatorebis dinamikis Sefaseba da saqarTveloSi ganxorcielebuli „miznobrivi socialuri daxmarebis reformis“ Sedegebis identifikacias warmoadgenda. „mosaxleobis keTildReobis kvlevis“ monacemebis safuZvelze, SemuSavdeba rekomendaciebi socialuri dacvis, ganaTlebisa da jandacvis sistemebis Semdgomi gaZlierebisaTvis.

qeTevan aslaniSvili

gardabnis N24-Si mcxovreb 27 ojaxs sacxovrebeli farTebi erT larad gadaecemaT ,,gardabnis N24-Si mcxovreb 27 ojaxs sacxovrebeli farTebi simbolur fasad gadaecemaT“, – amis Sesaxeb dedaqalaqis merma, kaxa kalaZem mTavrobis dRevandel sxdomaze ganacxada. „Tqven iciT, rom am proeqts Cven davpirdiT mosaxleobas winasaarCevno periodSi da daviwyeT. dRes gardabnis gzatkecilis N24-Sim cxovreb 27 ojaxs simbolur fasad erT larad gadaecema farTebi. es adamianebi wlebis ganmavlobaSi cxovroben aq da ver axerxebdnen farTebis dakanonebas. minda, rom mivuloco am ojaxebs“, – ganacxada kalaZem. gardabnis gzatkecili N24 a-Si mcxovreb 27 ojaxs 1990-91 wlebSi sacxovrebeli farTebi samsaxurebrivi uwyebisgan (yofili „spec-teqnikis“ qarxana) unda gadascemodaT. 90-ian wlebSi Senoba ver dasrulda, ris gamoc, mosaxleobam korpusi sakuTari saxsrebiT gadaxura, aseve, Sida komunikaciebi gaiyvana da keTilmowyoba uzrunvelyo. Tamar firaniSvili

axali xedva


sazogadoeba

ramdenad daculia SSm pirTa uflebebi saqarTveloSi 14 ivniss saqarTveloSi SezRuduli SesaZleblobebis mqone pirTa uflebebis dacvis dRe aRiniSneba. am dRis mizania, SezRuduli SesaZleblobebis mqone adamianebis socialuri izolaciis daZleva, sazogadoebaSi maT mimarT arsebuli negatiuri stereoti pebis rRveva da maTi realuri SesaZleblobebis warmoCena. 14 ivnisi, saqarTveloSi SezRudul SesaZleblobebis mqone pirTa uflebebis dacvis dRed, saqarTvelos parlamentis mier, 2000 wels gamocxadda. es dRe saqarTveloSi ukve me-18 welia aRiniSneba, Tumca sainteresoa Tu ramdenad srulfasovnad aris SezRuduli SesaZleblobebis mqone pirTa uflebebi daculi Cvens qveyanaSi. am sakiTxTan dakavSirebiT gavesaubreT saxalxo damcvelis aparatis, SezRuduli SesaZleblobis mqone pirTa uflebebis departamentis ufross irine obolaZes da SevajameT Cvens xelT arsebuli sociologiuri kvlevebi. saqarTvelos saxalxo damcvelis 2016 wlis monacemebiT SSm pirTa uflebrivi mdgomareoba saqarTveloSi arc Tu ise saxarbieloa. kvlevaSi aRniSnulia, rom ukve ramdenime weli Sesrulda mas Semdeg, rac gaeros SSm pirTa konvenciis rati picireba moxda, magram, miuxedavad amisa, saqarTveloSi am mxriv didi cvlilebebi ar ganxorcielebula. arsebiTi cvlilebebi ar momxdara kanonmdeblobaSi. kvlav gxvdeba iseTi terminebi rogorebicaa: unarSezRuduli, dainvalideba. kvlevis angariSSi aRniSnulia, rom erT-erT mTavar gamowvevad SezRuduli SesaZleblobis mqone pirTa socialuri dacva, saTanado sacxovreblis uflebis realizeba da dasqameba. aseve didi problema araadaptirebuli fizikuri garemo da gaumarTavi transporti. ‘’sajaro dawesebulebebis, maT Soris saministroebis umravlesoba ar iyenebs SezRuduli SesaZleblobebis mqone pirebisTvis informaciisa da servisebis adekvaturi formiT miwodebis saSualebebs. ar xdeba veb-gverdebis modernizebasa da adaptirebaze zrunva.’’- naTqvami kvlevis angariSSi. qveyanaSi ar xdeba SezRuduli SesaZleblobis mqone pirTa statistikis warmoeba da analizi, rac, ra Tqma unda, xels uSlis programebis dagegmvisas da ganxorcielebisas saWiroebebze

dafuZnebuli midgomis damkvidrebas. aseve kvlevis angariSSi xazgasmulia SezRuduli SesaZlebloberbis mqone pirebis mimarT diskriminaciuli mopyrobis faqtebi simravle.

ganaTleba angariSSi aRniSnulia, rom xarvezebiT mimdinareobs inkluziuri ganaTlebis procesic. SezRuduli SesaZleblobebis mqone bavSvebis mniSvnelovani nawili, gansakuTrebiT regionebSi, ar aris CarTuli aRniSnul procesSi. proeqti „inkluziuri ganaTlebis maCvenebeli saqarTveloSi“ miznad isaxavda saqarTveloSi inkluziuri ganaTlebis reformis Sefasebas. mocemuli kvleva swored warmoadgens sawyisi monacemebis Segrovebis mcdelobas. miuxedavad imisa, rom zogadi ganaTlebis kanonis Tanaxmad yvela bavSvi uzrunvelyofili unda iyos zogadi ganaTlebis sacxovrebel saxlTan axlomdebare skolaSi miRebiT, ar arsebobs skolebis fizikur adaptaciasTan dakavSirebiT raime kanoni an normatiuli aqti. aRniSnuli amcirebs Tanabari xelmisawvdomobis uflebas. aseve, ar aris gansazRvruli saklaso oTaxebis zomebi da maTi individualuri saWiroebebisadmi morgebis SesaZlebloba. Sesabamisad, praqtikaSic vlindeba xelmisawvdomobasTan dakavSirebuli SezRudvebi, specialuri saganmanaTleblo saWiroebebis mqone moswavleebis mSoblebi arCevans akeTeben im skolebze, romlebic Sesabamisi resursebiT metadaa uzrunvelyofili da ara sacxovrebel adgilTan siaxloviT. normatiuli dokumentebiT specialuri saganmanaTleblo saWiroebebis mqone moswavleebi unda swavlobdnen individualuri saswavlo gegmis mixedviT. aRniSnuli unda uzrunvelyofdes saganmanaTleblo saWiroebebis Sesabamis akomodacias da adaptacias. realurad, adamianuri resursebis (specialuri pedagogi, skolis fsiqologi) simwiris gamo specialuri saganmanaTleblo saWiroebebis mqone moswavleTa mxolod nawilisTvis aris SemuSavebuli individualuri saswavlo gegma da mimdinareobs am gegmis Sesabamisi swavleba. ‘’ Zalian momwons es programa da vTvli,rom Cemma Svilma iseve unda miiRos ganaTleba, rogorc yvelam, magram wlebma maCvena ,rom es procesi namdvilad araorganizebulad mimdinareobs.miviC-

nev, rom bevri xarvezia gamosasworebeli. Cemi Svili etliT mosargeblea da mxolod pirvel sarTulze gadaadgildeba skolaSi damoukideblad Sesvlac ki uWirs’’ - CvenTan saubrisas aRniSna SSm piris mSobelma, irma CxaiZem.

dasaqmeba SezRuduli SesZleblobebis mqone pirTa dasaqmebasTan dakavSirebuli saxelmwifos ZiriTadi valdebulebebi „SezRuduli SesaZleblobis mqone pirTa uflebebis Sesaxeb“ gaeros 2006 wlis konvenciaSia mocemuli. dokumentis Tanaxmad, xelmomwerma saxelmwifoebma unda Seqmnan da gaaZlieron servisebi, romelTa mier SeTavazebuli momsaxurebis miwodeba iqneba rogorc mizani, ise saSualeba SezRuduli SesaZleblobis mqone pirTa damoukidebeli cxovrebis xelSewyobisTvis. saqarTveloSi SezRuduli SesaZleblobis mqone pirTa Sromis uflebebis efeqturi realizeba erTerT mwvave problemas warmoadgens. aRniSnuls cxadyofs dasaqmebul SSm pirTa dabali statistikuri maCvenebeli da sferoSi ganxorcielebuli kvlevebis Sedegebi. ‘’sajaro samsaxuris biuros 2017 wlis angariSSi asaxuli monacemebis mixedviT, sajaro seqtorSi dasaqmebuli 46 708 adamianidan mxolod 55– ia SezRuduli SesaZleblobis mqone. ukiduresad mwiria kerZo seqtorSi dasaqmebul SSm pirTa raodenobrivi maCvenebelic.’’

2017 wels gamoqveynebul monitoringis angariSSi ‘’ SezRuduli SesaZleblobis mqone pirTa dasaqmebis xelSemwyobi saxelmwifo programebi’’ saubaria, im dabrkolebebze, romlebsac SSm pirebi samsaxuris Ziebis dros awydebian. araadaptirebuli transporti da samuSao sivrce mniSvnelovani barieria samsaxurSi misvlis, samuSaos Sesrulebisa da koleqtivTan socializaciis procesSi. damabrkolebel garemoebas aseve warmoadgens informaciis misawvdomobis problema da SSm pirTa informirebulobis dabali done. „dasaqmebis Sedegad miRebuli ekonomikuri sargebeli SSm pirebis SemTxvevaSi Zalian dabalia, rac sxva damatebiTi barierebis gaTvaliwinebiT, mis saqmianobas ararentabelurs xdis. gaZlierebas saWiroebs cnobierebis amaRlebis komponenti. SSm pirTa umravlesoba aRniSnavs, rom kerZo organizaciebi ar interesdebian SezRuduli SesaZleblobis mqone piris kvalifikaciiT, Tu maTTvis winaswar gaxda cnobili misi statusis Sesaxeb. „-acxadeben socialur saagentoSi. gansakuTrebiT mwvaved dgas dasaqmebis SemTxvevaSi saarsebo Semweobis Sewyvetis sakiTxi. muSaobis dawyebis SemTxvevaSi, maT ojaxs SeiZleba Seuwydes saxelmwifos daxmareba, xolo piradad maT – socialuri paketi, sajaro samsaxurSi dasaqmebis SemTxvevaSi. lia baRdoSvili mariam kozolaSvili

moklemetraJiani filmebis maraTonisP ParaShoot gamarjvebulebi gamovlindnen kinoTeatr ,,amiranSi“ socialur Temebze gadaRebuli moklemetraJiani filmebis maraTonis, ParaShoot, gamarjvebulebi gamovlindnen. ,,goneba paraSutiviTaa, ar muSaobs, Tu ar gaxsni!“, - moklemetraJiani filmebis maraTonma saxelwodebiT ParaShoot starti 31 maiss aiRo da 2 kviris ganmavlobaSi gagrZelda. maraToni amerikis SeerTebuli Statebis saelCom saqarTveloSi arasamTavrobo organizacia demokratiis laboratoriasTan TanamSromlobiTa da Tibisis mxardaWeriT Caatara. proeqtis mizania, xeli Seuwyos saqarTveloSi socialuri sakiTxebis win wamowevas da kinoindustriaSi axali saxeebis aRmoCenas. ParaShoot-Si monawileobas iRebda moyvaruli da profesionali reJisorebis, scenaristebisa da prodiuserebisgan Semdgari 20 gundi. maT 72 saaTis ganmavlobaSi dagegmes, gadaiRes da daamontaJes moklemetraJiani filmebi socialur Temebze, romlebic proeqtis mxardamWeri da partniori organizaciebis mier iyo wardgenili.

axali xedva

diskriminacia, SezRuduli SesaZleblobebis mqone pirTa uflebebi,mdgradi urbanuli transportis ganviTareba - es Temebi monawileebs gaeros ganviTarebis programam SesTavaza. eqspertTa gundma gamarjvebuli filmebi or kategoriaSi SearCia: profesionalebi da moyvarulebi. profesionalebis kategoriaSi gamarjveba moi pova gundma KC, filmiT - ,,Definitions“, romelic diskriminaciis

Temazea gadaRebuli. moyvarulebis kategoriaSi saukeTesod SezRuduli SesaZleblobebis mqone pirTa uflebebi Temaze gadaRebuli filmi ,,roqi“ dasaxelda. amerikis SeerTebuli Statebis saelCom da gaeros ganviTarebis programam gamarjvebuli gundebi daajildoves sxvadasxva priziTa (Macbook Pro, iPad Pro) da fuladi premiiT, raTa momavalSic ganagrZon socialuri Temebis mxardaWera. sakuTari rCeuli filmi gamoavlina Tibisi bankmac. gundi ,,Ecofilms“ ekologiis Temaze gadaRebuli filmisTvis bankma specialuri priziT, fuladi premiiT daajildova. ParaShoot-i amerikis saelCos proeqtia. maraTons atarebs demokratiis laboratoria. proeqtis mxardamWeria evrokavSiri, gaeros ganviTarebis programa (UNDP) da globaluri garemosdacviTi fondi (GEF).

dali WavWaniZe

5


sazogadoeba

dasaqmeba sicocxlis fasad “rac Tavi maxsovs, am maRaroSi vmuSaobdi, 17 wlidan. daberdio, gamomiSves. meti araferi am qalaqSi ar xdeba, riTi varCino ojaxi, mkiTxa vinmem? vici, rom kvdeba xalxi iq da saSiSia, magram samsaxuris gareSec ver davrCebi didi xani cocxali”. “maRaroeli var, maRaroSi vmuSaob, sxvagan sad vimuSaveb, Svilo. vinc mokvdnen, Cemi axloblebi iyvnen. ra azri aqvs, xalxma romc gaigos, ra Seicvleba? tyibuli marto maRaros CamoSlisas gaxsendebaT”. “xelze viReb 950 lars da sikvdils TvalebSi vuyureb”. “aseTi saqme maqvs, sikvdils TvalebSi unda vuyuroT, magram sxva ra gzaa, cxovreba xom gvinda”. ,, iq rom kaci Seva, ukan gamova Tu ara, marto RmerTma icis. Tavad ar icis, saxlSi dabrundeba Tu vera. “ tyibulis mindelis maRaroSi daRupuli adamianebis ricxvi dRiTidRe izrdeba, ramdenime dRis win 2 muSa daiRupa, maTgan erTerTi 25 wlis axalgazrdaa. 5 aprils tyibulis maRaroSi ngrevis Sedegad 6 maRaroeli daiRupa, 3 ki - daSavda. ,,saqnaxSiri“, romlis mflobelobaSicaa mindelis maRaro, acxadebs, rom daRupulebis ojaxebs 20-20 aTas laramde kompensacia gadaecemaT. Sss-m gamoZieba sisxlis samarTlis kodeqsis 240-e muxlis meore nawiliT daiwyo, rac samTo, samSeneblo an sxva samuSaoebis warmoebisas usafrTxoebis wesebis darRvevas gulisxmobs. danaSauli 5 wlamde Tavisuflebis aRkveTas iTvaliswinebs. manamde: 2010 wlidan dRemde mindelis saxelobis maRaroSi sul 28 adamiani gardaicvala. 2017 wlis 9 maiss mindelis saxelobis maRaroSi 5 meSaxte daiRupa, maTgan 4 emsxverpla liftis Cavardnas. amave dRes TbilisSi, saqarTvelos parlamentis Senobis win daRupuli maRaroelebis ojaxebisadmi solidarobis aqcia gaimarTa. xmaurian aqciaze policiam 2 aqtivisti gzis gadaketvis gamo daakava. gasuli wlis 27 oqtombers kidev erTi maRaroeli, daviT forCxiZe gardaicvala. rogorc kompania „saqnaxSiri ji-aiji jgufSi” acxadebdnen, maRaroSi, 270-e horizontze, miwisqveSa samuSaoebis dros CamoiSala samTo masa, ris Sedegadac gardaicvala me-6 ubnis gamyvani daviT forCx-

iZe. daRupulis ojaxi usafrTxoebis normebis SesaZlo darRvevaze saubrobda. profkavSirebis statistikiT, 2017 wels, 41 adamiani daiRupa da 66 mZimed daSavda samuSaos Sesrulebis dros. maTgan, mSeneblobaze muSaobisas 17 gardaicvala da 22 mZimed daSavda. maTive cnobiT, gacilebiT didia sikvdilianobis Sedegebi travmis Semdeg, rasac oficialuri uwyebebi aRar aRricxaven. dRemde investorebi da damsaqmeblebi kategoriulad ewinaaRmdegebian, rom Sromis inspeqcias sawarmoebis gegmuri Semowmebisa da dajarimebis ufleba mieces, maT Soris aris kompania „saqnaxSiric“. kompaniis informaciiT, Sromisa da usafrTxoebis teqnikis dacvis sakiTxebze Seqmnilia struqturuli qvedanayofi, aseve usafrTxoebis teqnikis samsaxuris mier sistematurad mowmdeba gvirabebi da darRvevebis Sesaxeb gaicema rekomendaciebi, romelTa aRmofxvrazec mkacri monitoringia dawesebuli. dasaqmebis adgilis ualternativoba maRaroelebs aqcevs mimRebad yvela im pirobisa, romelsac kompania wauyenebs. elizbar mindelisa da arCil ZiZiguris saxelobis maRaroebi tyibulelTa umetesobisTvis Tavis rCenis erTaderT wyarod ganixileba. swored amis gamo xSirad gaurbian problemebze saubars da amboben, rom xelfasic kargi aqvT da samuSao pirobebic. “meSaxteebis daTxovnebi samsaxuridan da xelfasis 200-250 lariT Semcireba namdvilad xdeba”, - aRniSnavs moqalaqeebis erTi nawili tyibulidan. kompania ki am faqts kategoriulad uaryofs. usafrTxo garemoSi Sromis ufleba Sromis, janmrTelobis dacvisa da socialuri uzrunvelyofis saministros warmomadgenels, irma abramiSvils, Sromis pirobebis monitoringis Sesaxeb gavesaubre. ,,pirvelad 2016 wlis dasawyisSi saqarTvelos mTavrobam miiRo Sromis pirobebis inspeqtirebis saxelmwifo programa. mowmdebian mxolod is kompaniebi, romlebic nebarTvas miscemen departaments. mTeli qveynis masStabiT 25 monitori muSaobs. bolo 6 TveSi Semowmda 25 saxelmwifo da 90 kerZo kompania. aRmoCenili darRvevebidan ZiriTadia profesiuli daavadebebis riski da usafrTxoebaze pasuxixmgebeli piris ararseboba.“- acxadebs irma abramiSvili. 2018 wlis pirveli ianvridan Sromis kodeqsSi cvlilebebi Sevida. kanonSi miTiTebuli cvlilebebi praqtikaSi 4-dan 9 wlamde vadaSi gatardeba. kanonproeq-

tis xarvezebze saubrisas iuristma mariam goginaSvilma aRniSna: sazedamxedvelo organoebis gaumarTaoba, darRvevebisTvis arasaTanado kvalifikaciis miniWeba, sanqciebis araefeqturoba. rogorc iuristi ambobs, darRvevebis SemTxvevaSi sanqcia 50 laridan 2000 laramde meryeobs. msxvil damsaqmeblebTan mimarTebaSi araadekvaturia msgavsi raodenobis jarima da verc ,,SiSis politikas“ danergavs. ,,mniSvnelovan problemad rCeba kanonis moqmedebis gavrceleba mxolod mZime, mavne da saSiSpirobebian samuSaoebze. amasTan, zedamxedvelobis organos kvlav ar eniWeba damsaqmebelTan upirobod daSvebis mandati. samwuxaroa, rom saxalxo damcvelis aRniSnuli princi puli SeniSvnebi gauTvaliswinebeli darCa.’’- naTqvamia saxalxo damcvelis 2017 wlis angariSSi. Sromis kodeqsSi arsebuli xarvezebis Sesaxeb saxalxo damcvelis angariSSi miTiTebulia, rom daudgenelia dRiuri samuSao saaTebis, kviraSi samuSao dReebisa da zeganakveTuri samuSao saaTebis maqsimaluri zRvari. ar gansazRvrula Sromis minimaluri adekvaturi anazRaurebis raodenobac. damsaqmebeli valdebulia uzrunvelyos samuSao sivrceSi myofi pirebis usafrTxoeba, Tumca dRemde prevenciuli xasiaTis RonisZiebebi ar gatarebula. problemas warmoadgens is, rom inspeqtirebis depar-

tamenti rekomendaciebiT Semoifargleba da amowmebs mxolod im sawarmoebs, romlebic mzaobas gamoTqvamen. da ra xdeba maSin, rodesac kompanias ar surs TanamSromloba? Sromis usafrTxoebis departamenti uflebamosili ar aris mas raime pasuxi moTxovos. erTerTi gza, rom jandacvis saerTaSoriso organizaciis mier dadgenili darRvevebi gamovlindes, aris is, rom Tavad dasaqmebulma mimarTos zedamxedvel organos, Tumca adgilze momuSave adamianTa umetesoba amas sajarod ar ambobs, radgan eSinia im ukureaqciis, romelic samsaxuris iZulebiT datovebas gulisxmobs. usafrTxo garemoSi Sromis, adekvaturi anazRaurebisa da janmrTelobis ,,dazRvevis“ ufleba - fundamenturi da aucilebelia nebismieri moqalaqisaTvis. Sromis saerTaSoriso organizaciis mixedviT, msoflioSi yovelwliurad 2.3 milioni adamiani samuSao garemoSi Seqmnili arasaTanado pirobebis da aq SeZenili daavadebebis gamo iRupeba. im faqtis gaTvaliswinebiT, rom mZime profesiuli Sroma axalgazrda da janmrTel sociumze modis, usafrTxoebis zomebis daucveloba Sromisunarian moqalaqeTa dakargvis tolfasia saxelmwifosTvis.

neli verulaSvili

sacobebis dedaqalaqi saqarTveloSi avtomobilebis raodenobam ukve milions gadaaWarba, amis gamo qveyanaSi problemaTa ricxvi ufro da ufro izrdeba - haeris dabinZurebidan dawyebuli, gauTavebeli sacobebiT damTavrebuli. specialistebi xelisuflebas urCeven, rom rac SeiZleba male izrunon manqanebis raodenobis Semcirebaze da amisaTvis Sesabamisi strategia SeimuSavon. „qveynis masStabiT dRes 1 milionze meti avtomobilia, aqedan daaxloebiT 40% dedaqalaqSia Tavmoyrili. gzebis ase gadatvirTva ki sacobebsa da avtosagzao SemTxvevebs iwvevs. avtosagzao SemTxvevis Sedegad yovelwliurad 8000 daSavebuli da 600-mde daRupuli gvyavs“, - acxadebs “partnioroba sagzao usafrTxoebisTvis” organizaciis wevri ekaterine laliaSvili. misi gancxadebiT, saWiroa Seiqmnas organo, romelic samoqmedo gegmas SeimuSavebs da am gegmis Sesrulebaze pasuxismgeblobas aiRebs. „imisTvis, rom es problema mogvardes da sacobebisgan gavTavisufldeT, sakmarisi ar aris, rom estakada aSendes, „Wkviani SuqniSnebi“ damontaJdes, ormxrivi moZraobis quCebi gaixsnas. es mxolod droebiT Tu moagvarebs problemas. saWiroa gaviziaroT evropuli gamocdileba da aqcenti manqanebis raodenobis Semcirebaze gavakeToT. evropuli qveynebis startegia mimarTulia iqiTken, rom avtomobilebis raodenoba Semcirdes qalaqSi, ganviTardes sazogadoebrivi transporti, meti iaron fexiT adamianebma“. yovelwliurad katastrofulad izrdeba avtomobilebis raodenoba. is RonisZiebebi, rac am kuTxiT saxelmwifos mxridan tardeba, ar aris sakmarisi. amas sWirdeba rogorc saxelmwifo, ise munici palur doneze sag-

6

zao usafrTxoebis strategiis Seqmna. Cven daaxloebiT mainc unda vicodeT, ra gvelis 4 wlis Semdeg“, - ganacxada laliaSvilma. Sinagan saqmeTa saministros monacemebiT, Cvens qveyanaSi registrirebuli avtomobilebis mniSvnelovani nawili 2002 wlamdea warmoebuli, ufro metic, Cvens avtoparkSi 11-dan 20 wlamde da ufro meti xnis avtomobilebis aSkara siWarbea. “eko transport centris” aRmasrulebeli direqtori, vaso uruSaZe, kidev ufro rTul mdgomareobas prognozirebs. misi azriT, saqarTveloSi avtomobilebis raodenoba qaoturad izrdeba da xelisufleba veranair regulacias ver awesebs am problemis mosagvareblad. avtomobilebis gadaWarbebuli raodenoba dedaqalaqSi sacobebs qmnis. gansakuTrebiT cudi mdgomareoba am mxriv dilis da saRamos saaTebSia. Tbilisis meria dedaqalaqSi arsebuli sacobebis gantvirTvas transportis ganviTarebis gegmis SemuSavebiT apirebs. ganviTarebis gegma SeimuSaves 2013 welsac. im dros, jer kidev axladarCeulma merma, daviT narmaniam, am sakiTxTan dakavSirebiT dagegmili proeqtebis detaluri prezentacia gamarTa, Tumca problema misi uflebamosilebis vadis gasvlis Semdegac problemad rCeba. meriaSi sacobebis arsebobis subieqtur da obieqtur mizezebs asaxeleben. maTi TqmiT, obieqturi mizezia - landSafti, quCis siviwrove, rac ver Seicvleba. rac Seexeba subieqturi mizezebs, is damokidebulia rogorc mosaxleobaze, ise qalaqis dagegmarebaze - moZraobis organizeba, sagzao niSnebi, SuqniSani, parkirebis sakiTxi, transportis marSrutebis nakadi, samZRolo kulturis done da msgavsi sakiTxebi xels uwyobs

dedaqalaqSi gadaWarbebuli moZraobis arsebobas. meriaSi ganmartaven, rom aRniSnul problemaTagan yvelaze sagulisxmo gaumarTavi sazogadoebrivi transportia. „avtomobilebis inspeqtirebis organoebis asociaciis“ informaciiT, mimdinare wels perioduli teqnikuri inspeqtirebis centrSi teqnikuri daTvalierebis gasavlelad 179 avtobusi da 651 mikroavtobusi gamocxadda. asociaciis cnobiT, 179 avtobusidan pirveladi teqnikuri inspeqtirebis Sedegad 47 satransporto saSualebas xarvezi daufiqsirda. amasTan, aRsaniSnavia, rom am 179 satransporto saSualebidan 56 axali lurji avtobusi iyo. rogor moaxerxebs Tbilisi sazogadoebrivi transportis problemis aRmofxvras Tu meria qalaqSi teqnikurad gamarTuli avtobusebis Semoyvanasac ver uzrunvelyofs?

avtomobilebis raodenobis Semcirebis, teqnikuri daTvalierebis monitoringisa da sazogadoebrivi transportis gamarTulobis uzrunvelyofis nacvlad, sacobebis aRmosafxvrelad meria mxolod moZraobis sqemas cvlis. pekinis gamzirze gatarebuli cvlilebebis Semdeg qveynis xelisufleba axla ukve vaJa–fSavelas gamzirsa da iona vakelis quCaze gegmavs satransporto nakadis gantvirTvas. iqneba Tu ara sakmarisi mxolod es erTi cvlileba qalaqis sacobebisgan gasaTavisuflebad, amas sul cota xanSi gavigebT, faqti ki erTia, Tbilisis mosaxleobis 84%-s es problema yoveldRiurad awuxebs.

dali WavWaniZe

axali xedva


sazogadoeba

SromaSi gatarebuli bavSvoba jimi fruiZes yovel diliT wyaltuboSi TiTqmis yvela Tanamoqalaqe icnobs - patara bavSvi, romelic parkSi sanTlebs yidis. jimis dedas janmrTelobis problemebi aqvs, xSirad vardeba krunCxvebSi da maT saxlSi saswrafo daxmarebis brigada ukve yoveldRiurobadaa qceuli, mamam ki cota xnis win datova fsiqikuri janmrTelobis centri. jimi erTerTia bavSvebis im siidan, romlebic yoveldRiurad ufrosebis msgavsad Sromoben ojaxis sarCenad an finansurad dasaxmareblad. qarTuli quCebisTvis araa ucxo salfeTqebis, sanTlebis gamyidveli bavSvebis mavedrebeli gamoxedva da sityvebi : „deida, iyide sanTeli, RmerTi Segeweva.“ am bavSvebs warmodgenac ar aqvT, rom 12 ivnisi maTive Sromis winaaRmdeg mimarTuli msoflio dRea da swored am dRes yvela ufrosi Tanxmdeba - bavSvebi ar unda iyvnen eqspluataciaSi CarTulni. saqstatis uaxlesi kvlevis Tanaxmad, saqarTveloSi sxvadasxva sferoSi 34 aTasamde 5-17 wlis bavSvia dasaqmebuli. sainteresoa isic, rom momuSave bavSvTa 51% 5-13 wlisaa. problemas warmoadgens ara mxolod arasrulwlovanTa SromiTi eqspluatacia, aramed is faqtic, rom qarTuli kanonmdebloba minimalurad aregulirebs am sakiTxs. arada faqtia, rom bavSTa Sromis sferoSi arsebuli gamowvevebi saxelmwifos mxridan efeqtur reagirebas saWiroebs. saxalxo damcvelis moadgilis, ekaterine sxilaZis TqmiT, moqmedi kanonmdebloba saerTaSoriso standartebTan harmonizaciis mizniT mniSvnelovan daxvewasa da ganviTarebas saWiroebs. gansakuTrebiT problemuria „samuSaoze misaRebi minimaluri asakis Sesaxeb“ da „bavSvTa Sromis ukiduresi formebis akrZalvisa da dauyovnebliv aRmofxvris RonisZiebebis Sesaxeb“ Sromis saerTaSoriso organizaciis (ILO) konvenciebis erovnul doneze efeqtiani aRsruleba. regulaciis faqtobriv ararsebobaze saubroben samarTalmcodneebi. iuristi Teona qemokliZe CvenTan saubarSi aRniSnavs: „bavSvTa Sromis ukiduresi formebis akrZalvisa da dauyovnebliv aRmofxvris Sesaxeb“ konvenciis

mixedviT, arasrulwlovanTa Sromis ukiduresi formebis aRmosafxvrelad erovnul doneze unda SemuSavdes prioritetuli samoqmedo gegma da misi ganxorcielebis efeqtiani meqanizmi. aRniSnuli meqanizmi ki dRemde ar gvxvdeba erovnul kanonmdeblobaSi, rac mniSvnelovnad aferxebs arasrulwlovanTa SromiTi eqspluataciis prevenciasa da SromiTi uflebebis dacvas. erovnuli kanonmdeblobiT dadgenilia minimaluri standartebi arasrulwlovanTa SromiTi uflebebis sferoSi; kanonmdebloba aregulirebs bavSvTa SromiTi uflebebis iseT mimarTule-

iniciativa iyo misi muSaoba, Semdegnairad gvpasuxobs : „me TviTon movifiqre. mama ar myavs, deda muSaobs, magram fuli mainc ar gvqonda xolme. amitom gadavwyvite, skolis Semdeg limoni gameyida da dedas amiT davxmarebodi.“ ana skolis faqtors Tavisdauneburad axsenebs saubarSi, Tumca ganaTlebis miRebis kuTxiTac gvaqvs problemebi. saxalxo damcvelis angariSSi „bavSvTa uflebrivi mdgomareobis Sesaxeb“ naTqvamia, rom 2016 wels skola Sromis gamo 1165 bavSvma miatova. aqedan 924-ma sabazo ganaTlebis safexuri daxura, 241-s ki mecxre klasic ar dausrulebia.

bebs, rogorebicaa arasrulwlovanTa SromiTi qmedunarianobis warmoSoba, minimaluri asaki, SromiTi pirobebisadmi mimarTuli moTxovnebi da sxva.“ SromiT eqspluataciaSi bavSvebis CarTulobis maRali maCvenebeli mravali mizeziTaa gamowveuli. maT Soris ekonomikuri faqtori yvelaze gavrcelebulia. SeiZleba iTqvas, rom arasrulwlovanTa didi umravlesoba ojaxSi arsebuli siduxWiris gamo muSaobs. 8 wlis ana rusTavelis gamzirze limons yidis. Cvens SekiTxvaze, visi

165-e sajaro skolis istoriis maswavlebeli, nino saxelaSvili, gviyveba : „mecxre klasis Semdeg bavSvebis raodenobis kleba xSirad imdenad mkveTria, rom paraleluri klasebis gaerTianebac ki gviwevs. Cvens moswavleebTan skolis periodSic da Semdegac axlo urTierToba gvaqvs, amitom viciT, rom bevri maTgani swavlaze uars ojaxis dasaxmareblad ambobs da bavSvobaSive iwyebs muSaobas. Tumca, arc isaa gamoricxuli, bavSvi skolidan gavides da administraciam mizezi ver Seityos - Cems kolegebs aseTi SemTxvevebic axsovT“.

bavSvTa SromaSi sami mniSvnelovani aspeqtis gamoyofa SeiZleba: Tavad faqti, rom arasrulwlovnebi SromiT eqspluataciaSi arian CarTulni; Sromis gamo saskolo ganaTlebis arasrulfasovnad miReba da, rac yvelaze sagangaSoa, bavSvTa samuSao pirobebi. saqstatis mier gamoqveynebul kvlevaSi ramdenime punqtia ganxiluli. rogorc irkveva, SromaSi CarTuli biWebis 54% RamiT muSaobs, 38%-is samuSao garemo ki fasdeba, rogorc saxifaTo. xolo gogonebis SemTxvevaSi 74% muSaobs RamiT, saxifaTod ki mSromelTa 23%-is samuSao pirobebia Sefasebuli. Tumca amave monacemebs erTvis informacia, rom bavSvebis TiTqmis 83% soflis meurneobaSia dasaqmebuli, umetesad maTive ojaxis fermebsa da miwebze, rac imas niSnavs, rom arasrulwlovnebi saxifaTo Sromas maTive ojaxis wevrebis nebarTviT ewevian. saqarTvelos socialur muSakTa asociaciis wevri, ani aslaniSvili, problemis mogvarebas kompleqsur qmedebaSi xedavs. „mxolod kanonmdeblobaSi cvlilebebi ar iqneba sakmarisi. es problema arsebobs rogorc sakanonmdeblo doneze, ise aRsrulebisasac da adamianTa cnobierebaSi. bavSvebi Cveni sazogadoebis yvelaze mowyvladi nawili arian da ufrosebi SedarebiT martivad axerxeben maT iZulebas. amas emateba qveyanaSi ekonomikuri mdgomareobac - SeiZleba mSobels ar undodes Svilis samuSaoze gaSveba, erCivnos misi skolaSi miyvana da ganaTlebis miRebaSi xelSewyoba, magram fiqroben, rom SimSiliT sikvdils sjobs ganaTlebas ar mixedon. swored amitom, problema imdenad mravalaspeqtiania, rTulic iqneba misi erTi an ori reformiT mogvareba“. ra gakeTdeba momavalSi, rogor Seicvleba bavSvebisTvis momavali - es kiTxvebi pasuxgaucemeli rCeba. sanam Cven kvlevebs vatarebT, vawesebT bavSvebis Sromis winaaRmdeg mimarTul dReebs, vsaubrobT sagangaSo mdgomareobaze, bavSvebi yoveldRiuri lukmapurisTvis Sromoben, skolaSi swavlas anebeben Tavs da uperspeqtivobaSi mxolod imaze ocneboben, mSoblebs Seumsubuqon yoveldRiuroba. Tina luxutaSvili

regulaciebi eqskursiebze saqarTvelos ganaTlebisa da mecnierebis ministris TqmiT, eqskursiebTan dakavSirebuli regulaciebi unda gamkacrdes. mixeil Cxenkelis ganmartebiT, gasaZlierebelia muSaoba rogorc eskortis mimarTulebiT, aseve im mZRolebisTvis, romlebic eqskursiebs axorcieleben. ra regulaciebi arsebobs am droisTvis qveyanaSi da ra cvlilebebi SeiZleba Sevidnes kanonSi? am sakiTxebTan dakavSirebiT vesaubreT ramdenime skolis direqtorsa da ganaTlebis saministros waromadgenlebs. aseve sakanonmdeblo organos ganaTlebis komitetis Tavmjdomarem, mariam jaSma gaakeTa ganmarteba. daculia Tu ara saqarTveloSi saavtomobilo gzebze mgzavrTa uflebebi? es sakiTxi gansakuTrebiT aqtualuri gomborze momxdari tragediis Semdeg gaxda, sadac avtokatastrofas oTxi adamiani emsxverpla. rogorc skolis direqtorebisgan gavigeT, am etapze skola valdebulia eqskursiebis Sesaxeb informacia qalaqis resurs centrs miawodos. 53-e sajaro skolis direqtoris moadgilis ganmartebiT, eqskursiebi ewyoba aucileblad arasaswavlo dRes resurs centrTan SeTanxmebiT. misi TqmiT, skola miesalmeba ganaTlebis ministris axal iniciativas. „kargi iqneba es iniciativa Tu ganxorcieldeba, radgan pasuxismgebloba gadanawildeba da saministors mxridanac metad gakontroldeba usafrTx-

axali xedva

oebis wesebi“-ambobs giga lomTaTiZe. skolis warmomadgenlis TqmiT, ZiriTad SemTxvevaSi eqskursiebis organizeba mSoblebis iniciativiT xdeba da satransporto saSualebsac isini arCeven. „droTa ganmavlobaSi Cveni gamocdilebidan gamomdinare gvyvavs nacnobi mZRolebi, romlebsac vendobiT da yovelTvis maT vuTanxmdebiT“-ganacxada direqtoris moadgile giga lomTaTiZe. giga lorTqifaniZis gancxadebiT, moswavleebis raodenobidan gamomdinare irCeva ramdeni samarSuto taqsi moemsaxureba skolas. aRniSnul sakiTxTan daakavSirebiT vesaubreT 43-e skolis direqtors manana oqropiriZes, romlmac gviTxra, rom miesalmeba saministros iniciativas da sxva skolebis msgavasad, isic angariSvaldebulia resurs centrs miawodos informacia eqskuriis ganrigTan dakavSirebiT. ganaTlebisa da mecnierebis saministroSi am etapze mimdinareobs msjeloba regulaciis gamkacrebasTan dakavSirebiT. dRes cnobili unda gamxdariyo iniciativis saboloo versia, Tumca gaurkveveli mizezebis gamo brifingi gauqmda. „sagzao moZraobis Sesaxeb regulaciebi mcirewlovani bavSvebis gadayvanasTan dakavSirebiT gamkacrdeba“, – amis Sesaxeb saqarTvelos parlamentis ganaTlebis, mecnierebisa da kulturis komitetis Tavmjdomare mariam jaSma ganacxada. misi TqmiT, ganaTlebisa da kulturis saministroebs SemuSavebuli

aqvT rekomendaciebi, romlis mixedviT, yvela skola, eqskursiebis an bavSvebis sxva mizniT transportirebis SemTxvevaSi, usafrTxo gadaadgilebis wesebs iTvaliswinebs. mariam jaSis gancxadebiT, rekomendaciebi unda gaxdes savaldebulo ara mxolod skolebisTvis, aramed nebismieri organizaciisTvis, romlebsac bavSvebis gadaadgilebaze pasuxismgebloba akisriaT. „ am kuTxiT gamkacrdeba regulacia. dReisaTvis saubaria, rom Sesabamisi saministroebi am rekomendaciebs savaldebulo saxes miscemen erToblivi brZanebis an ufro maRali sakanonmdeblo aqtis saxiT“ – ganacxada mariam jaSma.

9 ivniss avtoavariaSi moyvnen Tbilisis 175-e skolis moswavleebi, romlebic eqskursiaze midiodnen. mikroavtobusi gzidan xevSi gadavarda. daiRupa oTxi adamiani, maT Soris erTi bavSvi. gomboris gzaze avariis Sedegad daSavebuli 21 mgzavri, maT Soris 12 bavSvi Telavis referalur saavadmyofoSi gadaiyvanes. avariis monawile mZRoli dakavebulia. momxdarze gamoZieba 276-e muxliT daiwyo, rac transportis eqspulataciis an moZraobis wesis darRvevas gulisxmobs. ani WiWinaZe elene kobaiZe salome maTiaSvili

7


istoria

damoukideblobis 13 ivniss, 18:30 saaTze, amerikul kuTxeSi (moswavle-axalgazrdobis sasaxle), aSS mTavrobis gacvliTi programebis saqarTvelos monawileTa asociaciis organizebiT, gaimarTeba sajaro leqcia saqarTvelos damoukideblobis 100 wlisTavTan dakavSirebiT. sajaro leqcias waruZRvebian: irakli iremaZe - saqarTvelos demokratiuli respublikis Semswavleli centris xelmZRvaneli salome WanturiZe - saqarTvelos demokratiuli respublikis Semswavleli centris mkvlevari. Tema: saqa-

1918

26 ianvari: daarsda ivane javaxiSvilis saxelobis Tbilisis saxelmwifo universiteti (Tsu), saqarTvelos uZvelesi da udidesi umaRlesi saswavlebeli. 26 maisi : gamocxadda saqarTvelos demokratiuli respublikis damoukidebloba, riTac daiSala amierkavkasiis demokratiuli federaciuli respublika.

8

rTvelos pirveli demokratiuli respublikis 100 weli; saqarTvelos demokratiuli respublikis damfuZnebeli krebis arCevnebi; saqarTvelos demokratiuli respublikis politikuri liderebi; qalTa roli saqarTvelos demokratiuli respublikis kulturul cxovrebaSi. 26 maiss, rogorc saqarTvelos damoukideblobis dRes 27 welia aRvniSnavT. Tumca yvelaferi 100 wlis win 1918 wels daiwyo. swored 1918 wlis 26 maiss qveynis pirvelma mTavrobam saqarT-

1921 25 Tebervali: saqarTvelos demokratiuli respublika okupirebul iqna ruseTis armiis mier. gamocxadda sabWoTa xelisufleba.

velos dakarguli damoukidebloba aRudgina. zustad 5 saaTsa da 10 wuTze noe Jordanias erovnulma sabWom damoukideblobis aqts xeli moawera da damoukidebloba gamocxadda. Tumca damoukidebeli respublikis arseboba daaxloebiT 3 weliwadSi dasrulda. 1921 wels TbilissSi rusuli me-11 armia Semovida. saqarTvelo sabWoTa resbublika gaxda. qveyanam damoukidebloba mxolod 70-wliani okupaciis Semdeg aRidgina. 1991 wlis 9 aprils referendumis Sedegebis safuZvelze, saqarTvelos respublikis uzenaesma sabWom

10

gamoacxada saqarTvelos saxelmwifoebrivi damoukideblobis aRdgena. qveynis pirvelma prezidentma fici qveynisa da xalxis winaSe dado. zviad gamsaxurdiam aRlumi dinamos stadionze Caibara. am 100 wlis ganmavlobaSi qveyanam Zalian bevri mniSvnelovani movlena gadaitana - iyo vardebiani, sisxliani, „Ceqmiani“ wlebic, Tumca survili damoukideblobisken swrafvisa arcerT epoqaSi ar daukargavs qarTvel ers.

ela fureliani maria SavelaSvili

1924

1989

28 agvisto: saqarTveloSi daiwyo saxalxo ajanyeba sabWoTa okupaciis winaaRmdeg. WiaTuraSi gamocxadda saqarTvelos droebiTi mTavroba giorgi wereTlis TavmjdomareobiT.

9 aprili: mravaldRiani antisamTavrobo demonstracia TbilisSi darbeul iqna sabWoTa armiis mier. daiRupa 16 adamiani.

axali xedva


istoria

00

-wliani istoria 1993

1991 martSi uzenaesma sabWom zviad gamsaxurdia airCia saqarTvelos respublikis prezidentad, 9 aprili: saqarTvelos respublikam gamoacxada damoukideblobis aRdgena.

1995 19 noemberi: saqarTvelos predizentad arCeul iqna eduard SevardnaZe. 24 agvisto: miiRes saqarTvelos konstitucia

axali xedva

27 seqtemberi: qarTvelma mebrZoleebma dakarges soxumi. am damarcxebiT afxazeTis TviTgamocxadebulma respublikam faqtobrivi damoukidebloba moi pova da gancalkevda saqarTvelosgan. qarTvelTa ukanaskneli dasayrdeni punqti afxazeTSi darCa kodoris xeoba.

1997

11 noemberi: saqarTveloSi gauqmda sikvdiliT dasja.

2017-2018 1999 27 aprili: saqarTvelo gaxda evropis sabWos 41-e wevri. 12 maisi: qarTveli alpinistebi avidnen everestze.

2003 23 noemberi: saqarTvelos prezidenti eduard SevardnaZe gadadga. dasrulda vardebis revolucia.

Tbilisis saxelmwifo konsevatoriis 100 wlis iubile. Tbilisis saxelmwifo universitetis 100 wlis iubile. saqarTvelos damoukideblobis gamocxadebidan 100 wlisTavi.

9


sazogadoeba

Tanabrad xelmisawvdomi profesiuli ganaTleba naTia lukava SSm piria, romelic profesiuli saswavleblis „speqtris“ TanamSromelia studentTa servis– koordinatoris Tanamdebobaze. warmoSobiT lagodexidanaa, Tumca amJamad ojaxTan erTad Camovida TbilisSi da binis qiras sakuTari xelfasiT ixdis. „koleji „speqtri“ 2015 wels davamTavre, 8 Tve vswavlobdi buRalterias. aqedan, 6 Tve Teorias, 2 Tve– sawarmoo praqtika mqonda, swavlis dasrulebidan Zalian male damikavSirda Cveni direqtori da SemomTavaza samsaxuri mec, ra Tqma unda, davTanxmdi da gadmovedi sacxovreblad aq“. sazogadoebrivi kolejis –„speqtris“ istoria saTaves jer kidev 1922 wlidan iRebs da dRemde am saswavlebelSi bevri cvlileba moxda. 2007 wlidan ucxoeli partniorebis, kerZod, aSS-s saerTaSoriso ganviTarebis saagentos (USAID) TanamonawileobiT, saswavlebelma mniSvnelovnad gaaumjobesa infrastruqtura da materialur–teqnikuri baza. dainerga axali saswavlo programebi inJineriis mimarTulebiT. es erTaderTi profesiuli saswavlebelia, romelmac miiRo saerTaSoriso avtorizacia, kerZod, britanuli avtorizacia, romelic 150 qveyanaSi aris aRiarebuli. 2012 wlidan dRemde „germaniis saerTaSoriso TanamSromlobis sazogadoebis“ (GIZ) aqtiuri mxardaWeriT, Sps „kaparol jorjias“, k/s „knauf gi ps Tbilisis“ da Sps „haidelbergcementis“ CarTulobiT, SeimuSava erToblivi profesiuli programebi, standartebi da silabusebi. maTive mxardaWeriT, dainerga Tanamedrove teqnologiebi, garemontda da aRiWurva saswavlo laboratoriebi, Seiqmna saxelmZRvaneloebi. koleji bolos 2017 wels ganaxlda. reabilitacia Cautarda ZiriTad korpussa da laboratoriebsac da rogorc Senoba aseve swavlebis procesi, srulad aris adaptirebuli SSm pirebze. kolejSi amJamad 68 pedagogi da daaxlolebiT 600 studentia. koleji uzrunvelyofs kursdam-

Tavrebulebis dasaqmebasac, rogorc sazogadoebasTan urTierTobis specialisti ambobs: „ yvela programis bolos, daaxloebiT, 2Tve gvaqvs sawarmoo praqtika. Semdeg zogierTi kompania itovebs Cvens students, Tu ase ar xdeba, Cvens bazaSi gvyavs es studentebi da rogorc ki gaCndeba bazarze moTxovna, an Cven vTavazobT kompaniebs, an isini gvikavSirdebian. mesame pirze informacia ar gaicema“. oTx mimarTulebaze: SemduRebeli, eleqtrikosi, kondicirebis sistemebi da miwisqveSa komunikaciebi, gaicema saerTaSoriso serTifikati. saswavleblis direqtori maTe takiZea, romelic Tvlis, rom aucilebelia, profesiuli ganaTlebis popularizacia da mosaxleobaSi swori cnobierebis Camoyalibeba, vinaidan, profesiuli ganaTleba, realurad aris nebismieri akademiuri ganaTlebis alternativa. swored am mizniT is biznes partniorebTan erTad aqtiurad atarebs sajaro Sexvedrebs mosaxleobasTan, skolis moswavleebTan, esaubreba maT profesiuli ganaTlebis

mniSvnelovnebasa da dasaqmebis perspeqtiveze. aseve aqtiurad iyeneben socialur qselebs, veb–gverdsa da sxva mediasaSualebebs. mosaxleobas awvdian informacias, rogor SeiZleba Cairicxon saswavlebelSi, rogori swavlebaa aq, sad dasaqmdebian da a.S. bolo periodSi bazarze mniSvnelovnad gaizarda moTxovna samSeneblo dargis specialistebze, amitom, mniSvnelovania, am sferos popularizacia studentebSi. maTe takiZis azriT, kidev erT did problemas warmoadgens kanoni, romliTac dRemde izRudeboda profesiuli swavlebis ganviTaTareba. „axali kanoniT profesiuli ganaTlebis Sesaxeb, romelic, vfiqrob, saSemodgomod miiReba, unda moxdes Cixis amovseba zogad, profesiul da umaRles ganaTlebas Soris, unda gadaixedos miRebis wesi. unda gaioldes kolejSi misaRebi gamocdebi da garTuldes umaRles saswavlebelSi misaRebi “. aseTi wesiT ganaTleba xelmisawvdomi iqneba yvelasTvis. aseve Zalian mniSvnelovan samomavlo

mizans warmoadgens genderuli disbalanis aRmofxvra, rac sakmaod rTuli procesia. amJamad kolejis studentTa umravlesobas biWebi warmoadgenen, marTalia, hyavT qalbatonebi, romlebic muSaoben durgalze, SeduRebaze, avtoinJineriaze da sxva, Tumca maTi raodenoba sakmaod cotaa. samomavlod igegmeba studentebis waxaliseba, warmatebuli studentebis perioduli gamovleniT. kolejis ficialur vebgverdze daideba maTi fotoebi, interviuebi da piradi istoriebi. rogorc maTe takiZe ambobs: „saswavleblis warmatebis indikatori es aris damsaqmebeli, kerZod, Tu ramdenad kmayofilia is ayvanili muSaxelis kvalifikaciiT, amitom koleji cdilobs, srulad moergos bazris moTxovnebs“. Sesabamisad, igegmeba im axali mimarTulebebis danergvac, romelic drosTan erTad ufro moTxovnadi xdeba. am etapze yvelaze didi moTxovna, damsaqmeblis mxridan, samSeneblo–sainJinro segmentzea, Tumca mosaxleoba ufro humanitarul dargebs aniWebs upiratesobas, Sesabamisad asrebobs disbalansi moTxovna–miwodebas Soris. moTxovna gacilebiT aWarbebs miwodebas, amitom igegmeba am mxriv axali dargebis danergva–popularizacia. profesiuli saganmanaTleblo programa moicavs I, II, III, IV, V safexurs da TiToeuli safexuris dasrulebis Semdeg gaicema Sesabamisi kvalifikaciis profesiuli di plomi. profesiuli ganaTlebis miRebis ufleba aqvs nebismier pirs, romelmac daZlia zogadi ganaTlebis safexuri. profesiuli programis 40% daTmobilia Teoriul swavlebaze, 60%– praqtikul swavlebaze. Caricxvis msurvel aplikantTa, specialuri saganmanaTleblo saWiroebis mqone aplikantTa da SSm aplikantebisTvis registracia warmoebs weliwadSi orjer: saSemodgomo da sagazafxulo miRebaze. nino daviTaZe

dakarguli bavSvoba

gaeros bavSvTa fondis (UNICEF) mier Catarebuli kvlevis Tanaxmad, 2015 wlidan 2017 wlamde ukiduresi siRaribis zRvars qvemoT myofi bavSvebis raodenoba 4,3 procentuli punqtiT gaizarda. aRsaniSnavia, rom usaxlkaro bavSvTa raodenobis zrdasTan erTad mniSvnelovnad izrdeba zogadi siRaribis maCveneblebic. samwuxarod, bavSvebi, romlebic ojaxebSi ar izrdebian da ar aqvT elementaruli saxovrebeli pirobebi, saqarTvelos mosaxleobis 6,8% Seadgenen. usaxlkaro bavSvebis Tema TiToeuli Cvenganis yoveldRiuri cxovrebis nawilad iqca, radgan maT yvelgan vxvdebiT. quCaSi mcxovreb bavSvebs aqvT sxva samyaro, romelic maT ubiZgebs arajansaRi cxovrebisken, sadac akliaT siyvaruli, siTbo da gverdiT dgoma, sadac ucxoa pativiscema da yvelaferi TviTgadarCenazea damokidebuli. es is samyaroa, romelsac Cven yoveldRiurad vexebiT, magram ratomRac gverds vuvliT danaSaulis grZnobis gareSe. quCaSi mcxovrebi bavSvebis didi nawili Tavs maTxovrobiT irCens, zogi sasaf-

10

laoze agrovebul yvavilebs yidis, zogi ki iafad SeZenili xatebisa da sanTlebis gayidviT cdilobs iSovos fuli, romelic, xSir SemTxvevaSi, mas ar ekuTvnis. maTi ZiriTadi adgilmdebareoba xalxmravali adgilebia - bazrobebi da metrosadgurebi. TiToeuli bavSvis istoria mZimea, zogi maTgani quCaSi gaizarda, zogic saxlidan aRmoCnda ,,quCis saxlSi“. maTi rutina araa Cveulebrivi, isinic iRviZeben diliT adre, magram ara skolaSi wasasvlelad, aramed samaTxovrod. giorgi 13 wlisaa da, rogorc TviTon ambobs, 9 wlidan quCaSia, ojaxi ar hyavs, Tumca adre saxlic hqonda da dedac elodeboda. 9 wlis asakSi miatova dedam , mas Semdeg giorgis yoveldRiurad uwevs Tavad izrunos sakuTar sakvebsa da sacxovrebelze. Rames ruTavelis moedanze, e.w labirinTebSi aTevs sxva bavSvebTan erTad. labirinTebis Cvenebaze uars ambobs da saubrisas saxesac malavs. mindorSi dakrefil yvavilebs filarmoniasTan yidis. Semosavali didi araa , magram sakvebisTvis hyofnis. sakuTar Sromas sa-

Takilod ar miiCnevs : „ar vmaTxovrob da ar vi parav, yvavilebs Zalian dabal fasad vTavazob quCaSi gamvlelebs. damRlelic aris , xSirad gveCxubebian , patrulic sul gvdevnis , magram mere isev Cumad vbrundebi. aq kargad iyideba yvavilebi da kidev delisis metrosTan , magram iq ar miSveben, eg teritoria sxva biWebisaa . xandaxan moxucebi modian da tansacmelebs mCuqnian, oRond mere sul Wkuas marigeben , amitom aRar varTmev arafers“. erTmaneTis msgavs mZime istoriebs, romlebic 11 wlis leris, 14 wlis nonas da 15 wlis mariamis SemTxvevaSi iwyeba ase: „sadac damiRamdeboda, iq miTendeboda... sul meSinoda. gogosTvis ufro Znelia, biWi mainc kacia da... aqedan ramdenjerme gaviqeci da mere isev davbrundi“. giorgis istoria Zalian hgavs danarCeni bavSvebis istoriebs. TiToeul maTgans Zalian uWirs. bevrs deda an meurve uSvebs gareT fulis saSovnelad, samaTxovrod. zogs mSobeli hyavs loginad Cavardnili, zogs quCis cxovreba Tavad iTrevs. bevri maTgani finansuri mdgomareobis gamo ver Tmobs quCas. swored es ekonomikuri damoukideblobis grZnobaa, romelsac veRar elevian. TbilisSi 2011 wlidan arsebobs saxelmwifo zrunvis saagento, romelsac usaxlkaro da mzrunvelobamoklebul bavSvebze zrunva evaleba. dReisaTvis centrSi 40 beneficiari hyavT, maTi nawili sapatrulo policiis mier quCidanaa miyvanili, nawilic siRaribis zRvars miRma myofi ojaxebidan gamosuli bavSvebi arian. bavSvebis nawili axlomdebare skolaSi dadis. vinc wera-kiTxva ar icis da ufrosi asakisaa, dawyebiTi ganaTlebis miRebaSi aRmzrdelebi exmarebian. ramdenime SemoqmedebiTi wrec aqvT : artTerapiis, sportuli, vokaluri. aswavlian qcevis wesebsac, Tumca mTavari kiTxva mainc isaa, ra iqneba 18 wlis Semdeg, rogoria sax-

elmwifos gegma, romelic maT ukan, quCaSi dabrunebas gadaarCens, gansakuTrebiT im fonze, roca bavSvTa saxlebis deinstitucionalizaciis procesi dawyebulia. arsebobs pasuxismgebeli organoebi, rogoricaa quCis SemTxvevaSi policia, an socialuri muSaki, an nebismieri gamvleli, romelmac unda Seatyobinos amis Sesaxeb socialur samsaxurebs, rom maT moaxdinon reagireba, Seiswavlon am bavSvebis problemebi, mizezi, Tu ratom aRmoCndnen isini quCaSi da Semdeg, am mizezebidan gamomdinare, daexmaron. Tu ojaxs uWirs, gaaZlieron es ojaxi, Tu Zaladobis msxverplia bavSvi, moaSoron moZalades. saxelmwifos poziciaa, rom quCaSi bavSvebi ar unda iyvnen da Cans mzaobac am problemis mogvarebisa, magram jerjerobiT veravin laparakobs saxelmwifo strategiaze, problemis mogvarebis konkretul gegmaze. qalis uflebebis centris ufrosis ana arganiSvilis gancxadebiT, quCaSi mcxovrebi da momuSave bavSvebis problemebiT bevrjer mimarTa saxalxo damcvelis aparats, Tumca ,miuxedavad amisa, dRemde araferi Secvlila. sanam biurokratia problemis arsSi gaerkveva, uamravi bavSvi izrdeba quCaSi, nawili muSaobs bazrobebze mtvirTavad , metrosadgurebze yidis sxvadasxva nivTs, qurdobs, an maTxovrobs, xSirad SuqniSnebTanac, sadac maTi sicocxle sul sxva niSniT dgeba safrTxis qveS. usaxlkaro bavSvebis ,,patronebi’’ isev is adamianebi arian, romlebic maT quCaSi yoveldRiurad xvdebian da exmarebian. rTulia cxovreba, rodesac ar ici, xval ra gelodeba. 21-e saukuneSi dauSvebelia adamiani Camoyalibebis process quCaSi gadiodes da ver grZnobdes ojaxisa da megobrebis siyvarulsa da TanagrZnobas.

naTia kostava

axali xedva


sazogadoeba

diskriminacia winasaxelSekrulebo urTierTobebSi qarTul SromiT bazarze sul cota xnis win erTerT popularul dasaqmebis vebgverdze gadavawydi vakanturi poziciis aRwerilobaSi erT saintereso moTxovnas, romlis mixedviTac damsaqmebels „sasiamovno garegnobis axalgazrda gogonas“ mier Sevsebul aplikaciis formasTan erTad aplikantis „sxvadasxva situciaSi gadaRebuli fotosuraTebic“ undoda. albaT, araerTxel SexvedrilxarT msgavs diskriminaciuli xasiaTis matarebel gancxadebas, romelSic didi yuradReba eTmoba asakobriv jgufs, sqess, garegnobas da a.S. samuSao garemoSi diskriminacia SesaZloa sxvadasxva formiT gamovlindes da aris SemTxvevebi, rodesac damsaqmebeli msgavs damokidebulebas jer kidev vakansiis ganacxadSi amJRavnebs, Tundac mxolod imiT, rom maTi saaplikacio formati aris morgebuli an mxolod qalebze an marto mamakacebze. ratom fiqrobs damsaqmeblebis garkveuli nawili, rom, magaliTad, kompaniis generaluri direqtoris asistenti (e.w. mdivani) unda iyos aucileblad qali da am poziciaze mamakacis kandidaturas naklebad Tu ganixilaven. an ratom miiCneven qals ufro misaReb kandidatad ofismenejeris poziciaze, vidre kacs? im kompaniebTan dakavSirebisas, romlebsac diskriminaciuli sityvebis Semcveli vakansiebi hqondaT gamoqveynebuli (miTiTebuli hqondaT, rom maTTan muSaobis msurveli aucileblad mdedrobiTi sqesis warmomadgeneli unda yofiliyo), erTmaneTis msgavsi pasuxebi miviRe, rom es kerZo kompaniis uflebaa da daasaqmebs mas, visac surs. erTerT sastumroSi ganmicxades, rom imave samuSaoze mamakacic dausaqmebiaT, Tumca upiratesobas mainc sasiamovno vizualis mqone gogonas aniWeben, radgan „Cais gogonebs ufro utoveben“. vakansiis gamocxadebis dros garegnobis miTiTeba, rogorc evrokavSiris mier dafinansebul saqarTvelos axalgazrda iuristTa asociaciisa da partnioroba adamianis uflebebisTvis (PHR) erTobliv kvlevaSi aris aRniSnuli, uSualod aris dakavSirebuli SezRuduli SesaZleblobebis mqone qalTa SromiTi uflebebis realizebasTan. maRali, lamazi garegnobis gogonas xsenebiT Tavidanve arTmev SezRuduli SesaZleblobebis mqone qals am poziciaze dasaqmebis SesaZleblobas (Tu

amas, ra Tqma unda, Tavad samuSao adgilis specifika ar moiTxovs). rodesac dasaqmebis vebgverdebi ar filtraven diskriminaciuli sityvebis Semcveli vakansiebs, swored amis Sedegad naxavT vakansiebis Sesaxeb gancxadebebSi gamoyenebul sqesze orientirebul frazeologiebs da sxv. magaliTisTvis, arasamTavrobo organizacia „konstituciis 42-e muxlis“ mier Catarebuli kvlevis Tanaxmad, 2010 wlidan 2014 wlis oqtombramde, saqarTveloSi erT-erT yvelaze popularul vebgverdze jamSi 71,360 gancxadeba dafiqsirda. aRniSnul bazebSi mdedrobiT sqesze orientirebuli enis gamoyeneba vakansiebis 10.01%-s SemTxvevaSi Canda, xolo mamakacebze orientirebuli ena - 24.02% SemTxvevaSi. ufro konkretulad ki www.jobs.ge-is bazaSi sityva „mamakaci“ 1088-jer dafiqsirda, fraza „sasiamovno garegnoba“ 1589 gancxadebaSi iyo gamoyenebuli, sityva „stabilurs“ 780 ganacxadi Seicavda, xolo sityva „qalbatoni“ 607 SemTxvevaSi iyo naxsenebi. xandaxan diskriminaciul SekiTxvebs uSualod gasaubrebis drosac iyeneben, ris Sedegadac damqiravebeli aplikants uxerxul mdgomareobaSi ayenebs da sabolood, am ukanasknelma, SesaZlebelia TanamSrolobaze uaric

ki Tqvas. sxvadasxva kvlevis Tanaxmad, arsebobs hi poTeza, rom samsaxurSi ayvanisas, gasaubrebis dros qalebs ufro xSirad usvamen kiTxvas maTi ojaxuri mdgomareobis, bavSvebis raodenobisa da bavSvebis yolasTan dakavSirebuli gegmebis Sesaxeb. Tumca, rogorc socialur mecnierebaTa centris (CSS) mier „genderuli Tanasworobis xelSewyoba samuSao adgilebze“ proeqtis farglebSi ganxorcielebul kvlevis angariSSi aris naxsenebi, samsaxurSi ayvanasTan dakavSirebuli gasaubrebisas qalebis 64%-sTvis da kacebis 67%-sTvis ukiTxavT maTi ojaxuri mdgomareobis Sesaxeb. Svilebis raodenobasTan dakavSirebuli kiTxvebiT qalebisTvis (43%) ufro xSirad miumarTavT, vidre kacebisTvis, Tumca kacebis wilic, visTvisac msgavsi Sinaarsis kiTxva dausvamT, mainc warmoudgenlad maRalia - 39%. ufro iSviaTad, magram yovel mexuTe respondents, romelic odesme yofila samsaxurSi ayvanasTan dakavSirebul gasaubrebaze, ekiTxebodnen ojaxis SeqmnasTan dakavSirebuli gegmebis Sesaxeb. qalebis 20%-sTvis da kacebis 16%-sTvis ukiTxavT Svilebis yolasTan dakavSirebuli gegmebis Sesaxeb. gasakviria, magram aRmoCnda, rom samsaxurSi ayvanasTan dakavSirebuli gasaubrebisas qalebsa da kacebs erTnairad usvamen kiTxvebs maTi

piradi cxovrebis Sesaxeb. msgavsi kiTxvebi xSirad diskriminaciis safuZvels iZleva, da Sesabamisad, bevr ganviTarebul qveyanaSi akrZalulia maTi dasma samsaxurSi ayvanasTan dakavSirebuli gasaubrebis dros. saqarTvelos Sromis kodeqsSi am etapze informaciis miRebis saSualebebi ar aris dakonkretebuli, rac SromiTi urTierTobebis regulirebis miRma tovebs am mniSvnelovan sakiTxs. aman SeiZleba gazardos dasaqmebulis pirad cxovrebaSi Carevisa da TviTneburi gadawyvetilebebis miRebis riskebi. aqedan gamomdinare, dadga saWiroeba „saqarTvelos Sromis kodeqsis“ organul kanonSi cvlilebebis Setanis Sesaxeb. saqarTvelos parlamenti ganixilavs sakanonmdeblo iniciativas, romlis mizanic aris vakansiis Sesaxeb gancxadebis gamoqveynebisa da gasaubrebis etapze diskriminaciis dauSvebloba raime niSniT. jandacvis saministros avtorobiT momzadebuli da mTavrobis mier inicirebuli kanonproeqtis Tanaxmad, „saqarTvelos Sromis kodeqsSi” da sam sxva normatiul aqtSi cvlilebebis Setanis mizani aris diskriminaciis aRmofxvrisken mimarTuli damatebiTi sakanonmdeblo garantiebis Seqmna. es gulisxmobs, rom vakansiis Sesaxeb gancxadebis gamoqveynebisas da SerCevis etapze akrZalulia nebismieri saxis diskriminacia asakis, sqesis, rasis, kanis feris, enis, socialuri kuTvnilebis, erovnebis, warmoSobis, qonebrivi da wodebrivi mdgomareobis, sacxovrebeli adgilis, sazogadoebrivi, politikuri an sxva gaerTianebisadmi, maT Soris, profesiuli kavSirisadmi, kuTvnilebis, ojaxuri mdgomareobis, politikuri an sxva Sexedulebis gamo. cvlileba damsaqmebels ukrZalavs iseTi informaciis moTxovnas kandidatisagan, romelic exeba kandidatis religias an rwmenas, SezRudul SesaZleblobebs, seqsualur orientacias, eTnikur kuTvnilebas, orsulobas (garda im SemTvevebisa, rodesac es samuSaos SesrulebisaTvis aucilebeli garemoebaa), rac imas niSnavs, rom Tu CamoTvlili garemoebebi samuSao adgilis specifikiT ar aris ganpirobebuli da ar ukavSirdeba Sesasrulebel samuSaos, am sakiTxebze gasaubrebis dros kiTxvis dasmac ki diskriminaciad CaiTvleba. ana gubelaZe

rusTavis SSm pirTa centrma iubile aRniSna SezRuduli SesaZleblobis mqone pirTa rusTavis dRis centrs 11 weli Seusrulda. rogorc ,,interpresniuss“ rusTavis meriidan acnobes, iubile dRis centris aRsazrdelebma warmodgeniT aRniSnes. RonisZiebas qvemo qarTli gubernatori grigol nemsaZe, rusTavis meri irakli tabaRua, rusTavis maJoritari deputati saqarTvelos parlamentSi giorgi begaZe da qalaqis sakrebulos Tavmjdomare levan oniani eswrebodnen. irakli tabaRuam centris TanamSromlebs iubile miuloca da madlobis sigeli gadasca. „rusTavis SSm pirTa dRis centri, 2007 wels daarsda. dawese-

axali xedva

leT evropis saproeqto jgufs“ rusTavis SSm pirTa dRis centrSi 6 sxvadasxva saxis socialuri proeqti aqvs ganxorcielebuli, maT Soris erT-erTi, dawesebulebis bazaze arsebuli sacxobia, sadac SSm pirebi arian dasaqmebulni. dReisaTvis rusTavis SSm pirTa centrSi, gansakuTrebuli saWiroebis mqone 160 sxvadasxva asakis piri gadis reabilitacias“ , - acxadeben meriaSi. bulebis TanamSromlebi kvalificiur Terapiul da fsiqologiur momsaxurebas uweven SezRuduli SesaZleblobebis mone sxvadasxva asakis adamianebs.

rusTavis SSm pirTa centrs qalaqis meria afinansebs, centris administracia aqtiurad TanamSromlobs donor organizaciebTan, kerZod ,,aRmosav-

dali WavWaniZe

11


sazogadoeba

dedaqalaqi ekologiuri problemebis winaSe

saqarTveloSi garemos dabinZurebis maCveneblebi sakmaod maRalia, dedaqalaqi ki erTerT yvelaze danagvianebul qalaqad saxeldeba evropis masStabiT. manqanebis sawvavis gamonabolqvi, niavis dabervisas warmoqmnili mtvris korianteli, feradi “parkebiT” “morTuli” xeebi, mouwesrigebeli sadarbazoebis bunkerebi da a.S. – yovelive es Cveni dedaqalaqis problemaa. sakmarisia Tbiliss maRlobidan gadmoxedo, rom nisladqceuli mtveri da kvamli, e.w „smogi“ umal TvalSi mogxvdeba. ekolog rati gelaSvilis azriT, garemos dabinZureba TbilisSi gamonabolqvis didi raodenobiTa da transportis simravliT aris gamowveuli: „gansakuTrebiT didia riskis Semcveli manqanebis raodenoba, benzinis xarisxi aris dabali, radgan SedarebiT iafia vidre evropis sxva qveynebSi, qalaqSi ar aris skverebis sakmarisi raodenoba da umTavresi problemaa dagegmareba. faqtobrivad, qalaqi ar niavdeba. Tbilisi qvabulSia moqceuli da miuxedavad imisa, rom mtkvris xeobas gahyveba, haeris nakadis turbulenturi moZraoba ferxdeba. gansakuTrebul problemebs qmnis haeris dabinZurebis mxriv pikis saaTebi da transportis didi nakadi, romelic dgas qalaqSi, maTi gamonabolqvi xels uwyobs garemos dabinZurebas qimiuri nivTierebebiT.“ garemos erovnuli saagentos mier maisis TveSi gamoqveynebuli kvlevebiT qalaqis SigniT arsebuli avtomaturi sadgurebis mier naCvenebi monacemebi absoluturad gansxvavdeba erTmaneTis-

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gan. dabinZurebis mxriv gamoirCeva wereTlis gamziri, aRmaSeneblis xeivani, gmirTa moedani da vagzlis mimdebare teritoria. garemos erovnuli saagentos direqtorisa da kvlevebis uSualo xelmZRvanelis, marina arabiZis TqmiT, dabinZurebis maRali maCvenebeli am adgilebSi gamowveulia transportis didi raodenobiT: „SeiZleba iTqvas, rom am yvelaferze ori faqtori axdens gavlenas. pirveli, didi raodenobis avtomobilebi gadaadgildeba da meore - rac zrdis garemos dabinZurebas, aris SuqniSnebisa da sacobebis raodenoba, radgan yvelaze meti sawvavi iwveba maSin, roca manqana Cerdeba da iRebs strats.“ ,,msoflios jandacvis organizaciam“ 2016 wels gamoqveynebul kvlevaSi Tbilisi daasaxela lider qveynad haeris dabinZurebiT gamowveuli sikvdilianobis mxriv. am maCvenebliT igi uswrebs CineTsa da indoeTs, romelTa haeris dabinZurebac sayovelTaod aris cnobili. ekologebisTvis cota gaugebaria, ra faqtorebma ganapiroba es maCvenebeli da, maTi TqmiT, kiTxvis niSansac badebs, radgan ucnobia meTodologia, romlis mixedviTac ganisazRvra TbilisSi es mdgomareoba. Tumca, faqti erTia, dedaqalaqi didi ekologiuri problemebis winaSe dgas, romelic gamowveulia aramarto haeris, aramed niadagisa da wylis dabinZurebiTac. qalaqSi did problemebs qmnis agreTve mSeneblobebi. CamoTvlili problemis gadasaWrelad uamravi saerTaSoriso rekomen-

dacia arsebobs. msoflios jandacvis organizaciis rCeviT aucilebelia, qalaqSi iyos gamwvaneba, Semowmdes yvela satransporto saSualeba da ganisazRvros manqanebis asaki. teqdaTvalierebis politikam, romelic ramdenime xnis win wamoiwyo mTavrobam, gamarTulobis SemTxvevaSi unda gafiltros manqanebis raodenoba, riTac gamonabolqvis raodenobac Semcirdeba. agreTve aucilebelia sazogadoebrivi transportis ganaxleba. marTalia, bolo periodSi ramdenime avtobusi Tanamedrove modeliT Seicvala, magram, ukeTesi iqneba, Tu srulad ganaxldeba yvela saSualeba, radgan Tanamedrove transporti naklebad gamoyofs gamonabolqvs. rac Seexeba mSeneblobebs, am mxriv mniSvnelovani politika aris gasatarebeli, radgan xSir SemTxvevaSi, isini auSnoeben qalaqis iersaxes da, umetesad, sacobebis gamomwvev mTavar mizezad ,,Tauerebis“ mSenebloba saxeldeba. sasurvelia, am kuTxiT mkacrad gakontroldes yvela ti pis mSenebloba, raTa Tavidan aviciloT damatebiTi problemebi.

mewyersaSiSi Tbilisi saqarTvelos mTaTa sistema, romelic jer kidev Camoyalibebis procesSia, msoflioSi yvelaze axalgazrdaa. igi mudmivad ganicdis cvlilebebs: azevebasa da danaoWebas. Sesabamisad, xSiria eroziuli procesebic, rac, Tavis mxriv, xels uwyobs mewyeris warmoqmnas. mewyeris gamomwvev mTavar mizezebad iTvleba Warbi naleqi da Zlieri miwisZvra. saqarTveloSi 50 aTasi mewyruli ubani da 3 000-mde Rvarcofuli xevia aRricxuli. maTze mewyersawinaaRmdego RonisZieba ver ganxorcieldeba, magram, mosaxleobis dacvisa da ekonomikuri zaralis Tavidan acilebis mizniT, saWiroa mudmivi meTvalyureoba da, amasTan, gasatarebelia profilaqtikuri samuSaoebic. stiqiuri movlenebis warmoSobis mizezebidan, garda bunebrivi faqtorebisa (didi raodenobiT naleqi, mewyeri, Rvarcofi da a.S.), saTanado gamokvlevas saWiroebs Semdegi anTropogenuli faqtorebi: beTania-samadlos, wyneTi-axaldabis saavtomobilo gzebisa da maRali gadamcemi xazis funqcionirebisaTvis mowyobili savali nawilebis zegavlena; Tbilisi-kojori-walkis saavtomobilo gzasTan bolo wlebSi tyis gaCexvis xarjze mowyobili arsebuli saTxilamuro trasa da sxvadasxva infrastruqturuli obieqti; verisa da misi Senakadebis auzSi arsebuli tyis Zlieri degra-

dacia da misi maregulirebeli funcqiebis dasusteba; 13-14 ivniss momxdari wyaldidoba, romlis Sedegad SesaZlebelia, Sesustda mdinare vereze arsebuli gvirabebisa da xidebis gamtarunarianoba. Tbilisi geologiuri safrTxeebis kuTxiT maRali riskis qalaqebis siaSia. dedaqalaqis TiTqmis 50 procenti ferdobzea gaSenebuli. SeiZleba iTqvas, rom xSiria miwisZvrebi da sxva stiqiuri movlenebic, Tumca yvelaze didi zarali qalaqs moutana 2015 wels momxdarma wyaldidobam. 13 ivniss katastrofuli wyaldidobis gamomwvevi ZiriTadi bunebrivi mizezi iyo mdinare veres wyalSemkreb auzSi 3–3.5 saaTis ganmavlobaSi gadauRebeli Zlieri wvima. Sedegad movida daaxloebiT 100 mm raodenobis naleqi, rac veres auzisaTvis TiTqmis ori Tvis normaa. xeobis kalTebze dagrovda didi raodenobis zedapiruli wyali, romelic gravitaciuli Zalis meSveobiT daeSva ferdobidan qalaqis centrisken. stiqiis Semdeg, Catarda kvlevebi, Tu ram gamoiwvia es yvelaferi. geomorfolog giorgi CarTolanis azriT, md. veres auzSi pirveladi tye adamianis zemoqmedebis Sedegadaa degradirebuli: „auzis zedapiri amJamad dafarulia saxeSecvlili tyiTa da buCqnarebiT, romlebsac TiTqmis mTlianad aqvs dakarguli wyalSemakavebeli funqcia. amitom, 13 ivniss Zlieri wvimiT warmoqmnili zedapiruli wyali swrafad moxvda mdinaris kalapotSi, ramac gazarda xarjis moculoba (erT wamSi mdinaris kalapotis ganiv kveTSi gatarebuli wylis moculoba). SeiZleba iTqvas, rom 13 ivniss momxdari katastrofis gamomwvevi mTavari mizezi gaxda kalapotis dabali wyalgamtarunarianoba. 2015 wlis 13-14 ivniss TbilisSi stiqiuri movlenebiT gamowveuli katastrofis mizezebis dadgena metad mniSvnelovania imisaTvis, rom SemdgomSi Tavidan aviciloT msgavsi SemTxvevebi an, Tu es SeuZlebelia, minimumamde daviyvanoT zarali. mizezebis dadgenis procesi unda Sedgebodes katastrofis ara marto atmosferuli, geologiuri Tu hidrologiuri winapirobebis Sefasebisgan, aramed unda dadgindes struqturuli (nagebobebi, dacviTi RonisZiebebi) da arastruqturuli (kanonmdebloba, instituciebis muSaoba) RonisZiebebis adekvaturobac. ela fureliani maria SavelaSvili

axali xedva


sporti

istoriuli gamarjveba da kidev erTi weli elitaSi

12 ivniss, espaneTis qalaq perpinianSi gaimarTa ragbis 20-wlamde msoflio Cemionatis matCi, romelSic axalgazrda ,,borjRalosnebi’’ iaponiis nakrebs daupirispirdnen. qarTvelebma Sexvedra umZimes brZolaSi, angariSiT 24-22 moiges. angariSi matCis me-7 wuTze gaixsna. iaponelma iSidam lelo dado, xolo morim gardasaxva zustad Seasrula, kunZulelebi angariSiT 7-0 dawinaurdnen. xuTiod wuTSi qarTvelebma angariSi gaaTanabres. luka jafariZis lelo zustad gela afrasiZem gardasaxa. me-20 wuTze iaponelebma sajarimo dartyma zustad Seasrules da sami quliT dawinaurdnen. 29-e wuTze ,,amomavali mzis qveynis’’ warmomadgenlebma meore lelo dades qarTvelTa CaTvlis moedanze, rasac zusti gardasaxvac moayoles da 10-quliani upiratesoba moi-

poves. (17:7) taimis miwuruls, 37-e wuTze, ,,leloebma’’ angariSSi sxvaobis Semcireba moaxerxes. metoqis CaTvlis moedanze lelo demur TaflaZem dado. gardasaxva ki gela afrasiZem amjerad arazustad Seasrula da ilia maisuraZis gundma taimi 5 quliT, 17:12 daTmo. meore taimis dasawyisSi iaponelebma kidev erTi lelo dades, gardasaxva ki mizans aaciles. 70-e wuTisaTvis axalgazrda borjRalosnebi Zalian mZime mdgomareobaSi aRmoCndnen. Cveni gundi 10 qulis sxvaobiT marcxdeboda, Tumca biWebma mobilizeba moaxerxes. 71-e wuTze demur TaflaZem dubli gaiforma, gela afrasiZes ki mizanma ar umtyuna da sxvaoba 3 qulamde Seamcira. matCis 78-e wuTze, gundi axalgazrda aTianma, Tedo abJandaZem SesaniSnavi solo reidi SemogvTavaza, momenti ki leloTi qarTvelma mgezavma, gela afrasiZem daam-

Tavra. Sexvedris miwuruls, roca matCis dro ukve gasuli iyo, qarTvelebma taqtikuri Secdoma dauSves, radganac burTi autze ar gadaagdes, am SemTxvevaSi yvelaferi damTavrdeboda, Tumca biWebi Secdnen da burTi metoqes Caugdes xelSi. iaponelebs cda ar daukliaT, Tumca, axalgarda ,,leloebma’’ Zalian kargi dacvis xarjze moaxerxes Secdomis gamosworeba da istoriuli gamarjveba moipoves - 24:22. am mogebiT saqarTvelos 20-wlamdelTa nakrebma msoflios saukeTeso aTeulSi adgili gainaRda. me-9 adgilisaTvis Sexvedras ,,leloebi’’ Sotlandiis nakrebTan, 17 ivniss gamarTaven. aRsaniSnavia, rom axalgazrda ,,borjRalosnebma’’ istoriaSi pirvelad moaxerxes msoflio Cempionatis ori matCis mogeba.

Sengelia espaneTis Cempionatis finalSia saqarTvelos sakalaTburTo nakrebis lideris, Tornike Sengelias gundi “baskonia” espaneTis Cempionatis finalSia, gadamwyveti Sexvedra barselonaSi 10 ivniss gaimarTa, qarTvelma matCi sastarto xuTeulSi daiwyo da parketze arasruli 35 wuTi dahyo. Sexvedris pirveli meoTxedi stumarTa upiratesobiT dasrulda. meore meoTxedic stumrebma moiges. ,,barselonam’’ mesame da meoTxe meoTxedebi kargad Caatara da Sexvedris overtaimSi gadayvana moaxerxa. vitorielebma mZime brZola gadaitanes, da finaluri seria angariSiT 3–1 moiges. ,Tornike Sengeliam matCSi 22 qula, 7 moxsna da 3 dafareba miiTvala. wvlili ki 22 qula 7 moxsna 1 pasi 2 CaWra 2 dafareba da matCis saukeTeso moTamaSed dasaxeleba gaxldaT,Tokom oTxive orquliani,6-2 samiani da 10-8 sajarimo Caagdo,qarTveli saukeTeso mequle iyo orive gundis rigebSi,unda iTqvas,rom Tornike erTerT saukeTeso sezons atarebs,is gamorCeuli iyo mTeli Cempionatis ganmavlobaSi da naxevarfinalebis saukeTeso xuTeulSic moxvda,Tokos garda, naxevarfinalebis saukeTesoTa Soris ante tomiCi “barselona”, sargeblianobis koeficienti 17.0, vinsen puare “baskonia”, 8.0 moxsna, luka donCiCi “reali”, 6.3 pasi da gustavo aioni “reali”, 2.3 CaWra moxvdnen. espaneTis Cempionatis finalSi ki baskebs evroligis gamarjvebuli “madridis reali” eliT,pirveli Sexvedra 13 ivniss gaimarTeba,moednis upiratesoba ki dedaqalaqelebs eqnebaT. Tornike Carkviani

mileri xorguaSvili

,,zizu’’ wavida – lopetegi movida CempionTa ligis moqmed gamarjvebuls – madridis ,,reals’’ axali mwvrTneli hyavs – espaneTis nakrebis Tavkaci, xulien lopetegi. ,,samefo klubis’’ legendarulma fexburTelma da mwvrTnelma – zinedin zidanma gundi daaxloebiT 1 kviris win datova. aRsaniSnavia, rom frangma specialistma ,,blankosTan’’ erTad uefas CempionTa ligis mogeba zedized samjer, 2016–18 wlebSi moaxerxa. 51 wlis xulien lopetegi ,,realis’’ mwvrTneli oficialurad sul oriode dRis win gaxda. baski specialisti madridul grandSi muSaobamde wvrTnida espaneTis sxvadasxva asakobriv nakrebs, ,,raio valekanos’’, ,,realis’’ b gunds. 2016 wels lopetegi espaneTis nakrebs Caudga saTaveSi. aRsaniSnavia, rom ,,furia roxa’’ sadebiuto matCs msoflio Tasze 15 ivniss, portugaliis nakrebis winaaRmdeg gamarTavs.

msoflio Cempionati iwyeba xval, 14 ivniss starts aiRebs msoflio Cempionati fexburTSi. turnirs ruseTis federacia umaspinZlebs. matCebi 11 qalaqis 12 moedanze gaimarTeba. yvelaze prestiJuli safexburTo Cempionati 32 dRes gastans. pirvel SexvedraSi maspinZeli ruseTis nakrebi saudis arabeTs daupirispirdeba.

cotne mrevliSvili

ukraineli grafikos-dizaineris, andrei iarmolenkos posterebi ruseTSi gasamarT mundialze

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sxvadasxva

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cxoveli 13 ivniss - Tbilisis axali zooparki 2018 wlis bolos gaixsneba

2015 wlis ivnisis stiqiidan 3 wlis Semdeg Tbilisi axali zooparkis gasaxsnelad emzadeba - amis Sesaxeb zooparkis direqtorma, zviad gurieliZem, dRes gamarTul preskonferenciaze isaubra.

gamoiCines da aTeuli aTasi dolaris Rirebulebis aRWurviloba usaxsovres. msoflios saxvadasxva qveynidan Camoyvanili 200-mde cxovelis daxmarebiT Tbilisis zooparkma koleqciis aRdgena rekordul droSi SeZlo. Tbilisis zRvasTan zooparkis mSenebloba axlac mimdinareobs, ukve aSenda ramdenime volieric, romel-

axali zooparki, romelic 48 ha farTobzea ganlagebuli, kavkasiis eqspoziciiT nawilobriv gaixsneba. rogorc zviad gurieliZem aRniSna, kavkasia msoflioSi biomravalferovnebis erT-erTi cxeli wertilia, rac Tbilisis zooparkma yvelaze metad unda warmoaCinos. arsebuli zooparkis reabilitacia Tbilisis meriam 2015 wlis agvistoSi daiwyo, daicala dazianebuli volierebi, gadarCenili cxovelebis transportireba ki sxva cxovelebTan moxerxda. rogorc zooparkis administraciaSi amboben, axali zooparkis gaxsna stiqiamdec gardauvali iyo, Tumca 2015 wlis 13-ma ivnisma es procesi daaCqara. germaniis, safrangeTis, latviisa da evropis sxva qveynebis zooparkebma Tbilisis zooparks cxovelebi usasyidlod gadasca. iniciativa avstraliisa da amerikis zooparkebmac

Sic cxovelebi ukve gadaiyvanes. sul male axal zooparkSi binas focxverebi da jixvebic daideben. miuxedavad imisa, rom axali zooparkis mSeneblobas germaniis mTavroba afinansebs, volierebis asaSeneblad Tanxebi mainc ar iyo sakmarisi. amis gamo, zooparkma SezRuduli TanxebiT maRali xarisxis volierebis aSenebis SesaZlebloba i pova -

meTodma saerTaSoriso arenaze didi mowoneba daimsaxura. Tbilisis axal zooparkSi ukve aSenda mglebis, daTvebis, irmebisa da niamorebis volierebi, paralelurad ki focxverebis volieris mSelebloba mimdinareobs. garda cxovelebisa da frinvelebis volierebisa, zooparkSi bavSvTa saTamaSo moednebisa da atraqcionerebis mowyobac igegmeba. moedans saganmanaTleblo daniSnulebac eqneba - zooparkis damTvaliereblebs cxovelebze informaciis miRebis saSualebac eqnebaT. 2018 wlis 13 ivniss, stiqiidan 3 wlis Semdeg, axal zooparks simbolurad 13 cxoveli Semoemata. matebaa arsebul koleqciaSic - axal zooparkSi pirvelad gadavlen: 3 niamori, 3 cikani da axalSobili irmebi. samSeneblo procesebTan erTad zurab gurieliZe aqtiurad cdilobs sxvadasxva grantisa da dafinansebis mopovebas imisTvis, rom Tbilisis axali zooparki dasvenebisa da garTobisTvis saukeTeso adgilad iqces. dali WavWaniZe Tamar firaniSvili

dRe istoriaSi movlenebi: 313 weli - „milanis ediqti“ - konstantine didma Tanaimperator liciniusTan erTad, milanSi gamosca ediqti, romelic Semwynarebluri iyo yvela sarwmunoebis mimarT. qristianebs sxva religiuri mimdinareobebis gverdiT Tanabari uflebebi eniWebodaT.

1983 weli - „Pioneer 10“ gaxda adamianis Seqmnili pirveli kosmosuri xomaldi, romelmac neptunis orbitis gavlis Semdeg centraluri mzis sistema datova; 2000 weli - erTmaneTs pirvelad Sexvdnen CrdiloeT da samxreT koreis liderebi.

2016 weli - orlandos Ramis klubze Tavdasxmis Sedegad daiRupa 50 da daSavda 53 adamiani. 2017 weli - qarTveli kalaTburTeli zaza faCulia amerikis nacionaluri sakalaTburTo asociaciis 2016-2017 wlebis ligis Cempioni gaxda.

1373 weli inglisma da portugaliam xeli moaweres mokavSireobis xelSekrulebas, romelic dRemde moqmedebs. (msoflioSi uZvelesi moqmedi xelSekruleba)

1940 weli - bobi frimeni, amerikeli momRerali, pianisti da kompozitori. 1951 weli - stelan skarSgordi, Svedi msaxiobi.

1980 weli - xuan karlos navaro, espaneli kalaTburTeli. 1981 weli - kris evansi, amerikeli msaxiobi. 1983 weli - stiv novaki, amerikeli kalaTburTeli. 1988 weli - kodi uokeri, amerikeli msaxiobi.

1934 weli - veneciaSi Sexvdnen adolf hitleri da benito musolini.

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1928 weli - rene moriseti, kanadeli pianisti.

1975 weli - jeniferi nikol li, amerikeli modeli da msaxiobi.

1917 weli - pirveli msoflio omi: ganxorcielda sasikvdilo sahaero Tavdasxma londonze germanuli Gotha G.IV-is mier. Sedegad daSavda 432 adamiani, gardaicvala - 162, maTgan 46 bavSvi.

1942 weli - aSS-is prezidentma benjamin franklinma miiRo gadawyvetileba strategiuli samsaxuris sammarTvelos Camoyalibebis Sesaxeb, dRes es organizacia cnobilia, rogorc centraluri sadazvervo saagento (CIA). 1971 weli vietnamis omi: „niu-iork Taimsma“ „pentagonis qaRaldebis“ gamoqveyneba daiwyo.

avstrieli mocurave da fizikosi.

gardacvaleba:

2012 weli - iranSi dabombvis Sedegad daSavda 300-ze meti, xolo daiRupa 93 adamiani. 2015 weli - dalasSi, texasis StatSi adgilobrivma policielebs ganyofilebis win xelnakeTi asafeTqebeli saSualeba esrola. mogvianebiT is policielebma mokles;

1958 weli - ingliseli poeti edvin kepel beneti.

dabadeba:

1965 weli - avstriel-ebrae1555 weli - jovani majini, li filosofosi da Teologi italieli maTematikosi, kar- martin buberi. tografi da astronomi. 2015 weli argentineli 1822 weli - karl Smidti, msaxiobi da reJisori serxio latviel-germaneli qimikosi. renani. 1875

weli

-

pol

niumani,

salome goSaZe

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reportaJi

13 ivnisi

2015-2018 mze isev gaaTbobs Tbiliss da aRar iwvimebs ca mets

me ra damaviwyebs ivniss? me ra damaviwybs 13-s?

redaqcia

ela fureliani nini Sermadini

mTavari redaqtori – Tina luxutaSvili nomris redaqtori – qeTevan aslaniSvili teqnikuri redaqtori – nino daviTaZe damkabadoneblebi – mariam kozolaSvili; nini Sermadini stilist–koreqtorebi – neli verulaSvili; naTia kostava; cotne mrevliSvili fotokorespondeni – ela fureliani korespondentebi – lika baRdoSvili, salome goSaZe, ana gubelaZe, TaTia daviTaSvili, elene kobaiZe, salome maTiaSvili, Tamar firaniSvili, maria SavelaSvili, Tornike Carkviani, ia CaCaniZe, daliko WavWaniZe, ana WiWinaZe, mileri xorguaSvili xelmZRvaneli – asocirebuli profesori maia toraZe

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"ახალი ხედვა  

ივანე ჯავახიშვილის სახელობის თბილისის სახელმწიფო უნივერსიტეტის სოციალურ და პოლიტიკურ მეცნიერებათა ფაკულტეტის ჟურნალისტიკისა და მასობრივი კომ...

"ახალი ხედვა  

ივანე ჯავახიშვილის სახელობის თბილისის სახელმწიფო უნივერსიტეტის სოციალურ და პოლიტიკურ მეცნიერებათა ფაკულტეტის ჟურნალისტიკისა და მასობრივი კომ...

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