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Mission Statement: North Dakota Farmers Union, guided by the principles of cooperation, legislation and education, is an organization committed to the prosperity of family farms, ranches and rural communities.


In this issue


Burleigh celebrates 100 years

10. Turning tin into art

14. Health Care Q & A

24. Founding Farmers Cookbook

November 2013 – Volume 60 Number 11


Protect your family and your operation Turn to Farmers Union Insurance to protect your farm assets and stay safe this fall!

For more information, e-mail us at:

North Dakota Union Farmer

The UNION FARMER is published monthly by North Dakota Farmers Union at 1415 12th Ave SE, Jamestown N.D. 58401. Annual subscription is $30 with NDFU membership. Periodicals postage paid at Fargo, ND.


DIRECTOR OF COMMUNICATIONS/EDITOR: Anne Denholm 800-366-8331 • POSTMASTER: Send address changes to: NDFU PO Box 2136 Jamestown N.D. 58402-2136 Copies mailed this issue: 35,836 • USPS 016-211

BOARD OF DIRECTORS: President: Elwood “Woody” Barth Vice President: Bob Kuylen Secretary: Ellen Linderman Treasurer: Terry Borstad James Kerzman; Wes Niederman Jr.; Dennis Stromme; Jim Teigen; Ben Vig

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State convention set for Nov. 22-23 North Dakota Farmers Union members are invited to attend the 87th state convention set for Nov. 22-23 at the Holiday Inn Riverside in Minot this year. NDFU President Elwood “Woody” Barth said, “This will be a very important convention with all of the legislative news surrounding the farm bill. I’m excited to visit with family farmers and ranchers throughout the state. I hope everyone will plan to attend this year’s event.” Event highlights will include district caucuses, policy and action sessions, award luncheon, keynote speakers and election of officers. A Founding Farmers restaurant chef will show off during a live cooking demonstration in an effort to promote a new cookbook to be released this fall. Other breakout sessions will include information on precision agriculture and the state’s infrastructure. United States Secretary of Agriculture Tom Vilsack has been invited to address the membership. Keynote speaker Jerry Hagstrom will give his insight on the future of agriculture. Hagstrom is a columnist for National Journal. He writes and publishes The Hagstrom Report, a daily email newsletter on agriculture and for DTN, Agweek and for the Capital Press.. Deuces Wild Dueling Pianos show will be featured as the free entertainment on Friday evening while Saturday night will highlight the Torchbearer ceremony along with Porta Party D.J. and photo booth. Here are some highlights:

Friday night show at convention FRIDAY, NOV. 22

8 a.m.

Registration opens

SATURDAY, NOV. 23 6:45-8 a.m. Breakfast

10 a.m. Opening ceremonies with presentation of colors and official welcome.

8 a.m. Convention reconvenes – bylaws, policy and action, financials

11:30 a.m. Lunch

10:45 a.m. President’s Address

1 p.m. NDFU annual meeting convenes for afternoon

11:30 a.m. Award Luncheon recognizing youth leaders and special friends

1:15 p.m. U.S. Secretary of Agriculture, Tom Vilsack 2:30 p.m. Repeating Breakout Sessions: • Cooking demonstration with Founding Farmers Chef Joe • State Infrastructure • Precision ag technology with John Nowatzki, NDSU Ag Engineer 4:30 p.m. District caucuses 5:30 p.m. Nominations 6:15 p.m.

Dinner & family fun

8:30 p.m.

Dueling Pianos

1 p.m. North Dakota Governor Jack Dalrymple followed by keynote speaker Jerry Hagstrom 5 p.m. Reception for congressional delegation and other elected officials 6:30 p.m. Torchbearer’s banquet and award program featuring speaker Cally Musland, Executive Director of The Arc of Bismarck and Miss North Dakota contestant 8:30 p.m. Evening Entertainment with Porta Party D.J. and photo booth s

Declared candidates for state offices Additional candidates may be nominated from the floor on Friday. Ballots may be cast Saturday until 1 p.m. OFFICE OF PRESIDENT: • Woody Barth • Mark Watne OFFICE OF VICE PRESIDENT: • Bob Kuylen

DISTRICT 1 DIRECTOR: • Terry Borstad

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DISTRICT 3 DIRECTOR: • Dennis Stromme DISTRICT 5 DIRECTOR: • Wes Niederman DISTRICT 7 DIRECTOR: • Ronda Throener • Ben Vig


Devastating storm wreaks havoc by Anne Denholm, NDFU

An early October storm hit southwestern and south central North Dakota hard and caused extensive damages to animals, roads, electric infrastructure and more. Blizzard conditions with wind gusts of up to 60 mph and snowfall left thousands without power. Nearly 8,000 customers/ meters experienced outages, some for days, as utility crews struggled with snow and then muddy conditions as the snow melted. Many ranchers and farmers in the area were hit with cattle and crop losses that will leave a big deficit on their bottom line. In North Dakota, Governor Jack Dalrymple requested a major disaster declaration from the President of the United States as a result of the storm. Dalrymple encourages area ranchers to be in contact with the USDA Farm Service Agency (FSA) regarding loss of livestock now that the federal government shutdown is over. South Dakota faced even more problems. An estimated 15,000 and 30,000 cattle died of exhaustion or suffocation due to the storm. The unexpected blizzard caught many herds out in the open and with up to 55 inches of snow in some areas, ranchers weren’t able to bring their herds to safety. It is still unclear exactly how much damage was incurred. Regional FSA offices are gathering facts and trying to detail the losses. North Dakota Farmers Union Board of Director Wes Niederman lives on the North and South Dakota border in Morriston, S.D. He said, “My ranch had about 20 inches of snow. About one third of our cows drifted about a half mile away from the ranch. Some of our neighbor’s herd got mixed up with ours, too. We were lucky we got to them and were able to feed them there. Other neighbors weren’t so lucky.” Niederman explained that if the 4

storm had hit just weeks later, many of the animals would have been at the sale barn. Calves would have been weaned and the remaining stock moved to protected pasture areas. “It’s such a devastating loss and every rancher is in a unique situation.” Instead of cashing in, ranchers are faced with burying dead

animals, fixing damaged fences and cleaning up mud and debris. Crops were also affected and are laying flat on the ground. The damage makes many farmers and ranchers uneasy without the safety net of a federal farm bill, which typically includes a livestock indemnity program intended to help producers manage catastrophic loses. The CHS Foundation, the nation’s leading farmer-owned cooperative, contributed $100,000 to the South Dakota Rancher Relief Fund to assist livestock producers

in the aftermath. “Ranchers across western South Dakota suffered significant loss of cattle, sheep and other livestock as a result of this storm, the vast majority of which is not covered by insurance or other programs,” said William Nelson, president, CHS Foundation. “Through this contribution, we hope to alleviate some of the costly storm affects and support these producers in restoring their lives and livelihoods.” Additional assistance may also be available through local USDA-NRCS field offices. Environmental Quality Incentive Program dollars should be available soon. The storm hit during the government shut down and agencies were operating in limited capacity. Residents of these areas were lacking information and saw delays in reports and warnings in order to be prepared for the extreme conditions experienced. NDFU President Woody Barth added, “We are only beginning to learn of the impact that these weather disasters have had on our family farmers and ranchers. It is critical that Congress pass a five-year, comprehensive farm bill this year. People who suffered in this storm should be protected and assistance is needed.” p Union Farmer •

Be sure to document disaster losses From Rural Advancement Foundation International-USA

Producers’ ability to receive assistance for disaster losses depends in large part on their ability to demonstrate the extent of those losses. The better the documentation, the more likely it is that a producer will be able to maximize the assistance he or she is eligible for. As soon as the emergency is over and people and animals are safe, the farmer should begin documenting the loss. It is critical that all damage is documented before recovery efforts take place. Use the camera before the chain saw. Federal programs often expect people to be at their organized best when their lives are at their worst. Disaster assistance programs can be complicated, with different specific deadlines and application processes. We recommend keeping an inexpensive notebook with documentation of everything you do in the recovery effort, including the use of equipment, any agency people you talk to with what you asked and what they said, and notes of the extent of damage. There are three categories of information that should be documented to show the extent of a particular producer’s losses: 1. What was the status of the

farm or ranch before the disaster? 2. What was the status of the farm or ranch after the disaster? 3. What costs have been incurred or estimated as the producer begins to recover? All aspects of the operation that were affected by the disaster should be accounted for. This includes pre- and post-disaster conditions and values of structures, equipment, livestock, crops and the land itself. Ideally, a producer will already have on hand documentation that establishes the pre-disaster ownership interests and values of affected property. If that is not the case, or if the documentation is destroyed in the disaster, there are several possible sources for this information. A loan application will usually list the value of equipment, crops, livestock, and other assets that would be used as loan collateral. Insurance providers will have copies of insurance applications and any policies issued, including values and descriptions of the covered property. Crop insurance providers will have whatever acreage and production reports the producer submitted for the affected crops. The producer’s most recent federal or state income tax return, if applicable, will help verify income and expenses for the operation. The

producer’s most recent property tax statements will help verify pre-disaster property value and condition. These should be readily obtainable from the taxing agency. Producers who participate in any FSA program that involves crop reporting, such as the Non- insured Crop Disaster Assistance Program (NAP), should request a copy of their FSA file, which includes acreage and production records the producer submitted for the current or prior crop years. Other receipts and sales records may also help with documentation. If a producer has crop insurance, a crop insurance adjuster will visit the farm to certify the extent of crop damage. FSA will similarly verify crop losses under NAP. For non-insured crops or livestock, communication with your local FSA office is critical. Documentation from third parties is the most helpful. This includes sales receipts, scouting reports, veterinarian reports or other documentation. Photos can be critical, as long as they are accompanied by explanatory documentation. Disaster assistance programs can also cover the costs. Farmers should keep a log of disaster recovery equipment use and time spent. s

Dispose of lost livestock properly

Due to the unseasonal blizzard, some area producers lost livestock. “Disposing of carcasses as soon as possible is imperative so the spread of disease and pollution does not occur,” says Mary Berg, an area extension livestock environmental management specialist at North Dakota State University’s Carrington Research Extension Center. Rendering, incineration, burial and composting are approved methods of carcass disposal in North Dakota. Composting is a naturally occurring process that breaks

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the carcass into basic elements via microorganisms and heat generated during composting. Here are tips on how to build a mortality compost pile or windrow: • If composting one animal, build a pile. • If composting several animals, build a windrow. You’ll need base material such as straw or old hay, bulking material such as manure or spoiled silage, and cover material such as straw, old hay or sawdust. Start with two feet of base material in a windrow or circle, depending on how many carcasses will be composted.

Lay the carcass on top of the base. Lance the rumen of mature cattle to ensure eruption does not occur. Have at least one foot of base material between the perimeter of the carcass and the edge of the base. Cover the carcass with 8 to 10 inches of bulking material. Cover the entire pile or windrow with two feet of cover material. The cover material should be placed on the top and sides, with no part of the carcass showing. The pile needs a good cap to keep predators out and seal in heat.The compost site should also be maintained. s


Mark your calendar for the

2014 Precision Ag Summit

Learn about the current trends and practices shaping the precision agriculture industry at the third annual Precision Agriculture Action Summit scheduled for Jan. 20-21, 2014, at the North Dakota Farmers Union Conference Center in Jamestown. This major industry event is one of only a few precision agriculture conferences held nationwide. Attendees will get hands-on experience and valuable education to incorporate precision agriculture into their own farming efforts, which can help farmers improve production and get more from existing resources. Industry experts, producers, practitioners and technology developers will give presentations about technological application and demonstrate methods for successful implementation, which can impact cost and efficiency. This year’s summit features a two-track system with session topics on crop management and livestock management which run concurrently. Additionally, the 2014 summit will focus on the 6

most current trends in precision agriculture including: • Variable rate applications of nutrients • Data management • Unmanned aircraft systems • Economics of technologies • Remote sensors and applications • Animal tracking • Robotic equipment While open to the public, agriculture producers, researchers, agronomists, crop advisors, ranchers, ag manufacturers, ag business leaders, economic developers and students are encouraged to attend. The registration fee is $75 until Dec. 15, 2013. Students can attend for free. To register as an attendee or sponsor, please visit the Red River Valley Research Corridor website at www. or contact Ryan Aasheim at (701) 499-6994 or More information also is available on Facebook at www.facebook. com/RRVRC or on Twitter by following @RRVRC and joining the

conversation using the hashtag: #PrecisionAg2014. The Red River Valley Research Corridor and North Dakota Farmers Union are co-hosts of the event. Other sponsors include Dakota Precision Ag Center and NDSU Department of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering. Sponsorships and exhibit opportunities are still available. Sponsorships also are available at the partner ($3,000), supporter ($1,500) and exhibitor levels ($750). All levels offer varying degrees of exposure, including acknowledgement in advertising, summit materials and during sessions of the summit; promotional opportunities at the summit; and an exhibit booth. Implement dealers, manufacturers, commodity associations and industry leaders in telematics, precision appliances, software, seed and other areas are encouraged to register as sponsors. Detailed information about the three sponsorship levels is available at precisionagsummit2014. p Union Farmer •

Burleigh County Celebrates


This Bismarck co-op station was unveiled in 1965 featuring a service area, warehouse, offices and a full line of appliances, tools and supplies.

Bismarck staff celebrated the grand opening of the new co-op plant in 1965. Personnel at that time included Alden Noon, Jim Schlaht, Gene Zacher, Urban Freisz and Joe Goetz.

Located at 9th and Broadway, the Farmers Union warehouse in Bismarck hosted a meeting of Burleigh County Farmers Union after it was built in 1914.

Making the most of history Burleigh County Farmers Union turned 100 years old in 2013 and the organization has been celebrating throughout the year. “The celebrating actually started in 2012 when the little town of Regan celebrated its centennial,” said 2013 County President Arlene Olson. “BCFU participated in the parade, and we sponsored the NDFU climbing wall.” Olson explained that Burleigh County Farmers Union traced their

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beginning to the Regan area. She added, “During 2013, we served cake at various co-op meetings to observe the occasion. We served cake at the Burleigh County joint local meeting in February, at the Bismarck/Mandan Farmers Union Oil Company annual meeting in June and also at the Wilton Farmers Union Oil Company meeting in September.” The celebration capped off at the annual meeting in October. p

History’s footnote As North Dakota Farmers Union prepares to celebrate its 87th annual convention in November, historians may ask how Burleigh County Farmers Union could be 13 years its senior? The answer lies in 1913 when Burleigh County Farmers Union was officially chartered by National Farmers Union (NFU). In June of that year, NFU President Charles Barrett delivered a rousing address in Bismarck that challenged farmers to organize against the grain trade, railroads and milling industry that exploited prairie farmers. His appeal brought the Union to life in North Dakota. Bismarck Local No. 1 was formed immediately after Barrett’s address with others soon to follow, including the first county organization in December – Burleigh County Farmers Union. Cooperative businesses and buying clubs soon began to flourish with the growth of the organization, as did Farmers Union elevators and mercantiles. By April 1, 1916, a state organization was chartered with Robert John James Montgomery of Tappen as president. Unfortunately, political involvement and infighting soon began to unravel the organization. Internal dissension pitted those who advocated for a cooperative, economic solution to the farmer’s plight against those who thought the remedy lay in active political participation and candidate endorsement. By 1920, the organization virtually disappeared. Even so, what remains today of that first North Dakota Farmers Union is an enduring cooperative spirit and the many businesses and organizations chartered during this important time in our state’s history. p


Cowboy Hall of Fame

by Anne Denholm, NDFU

Meaningful partnerships are the foundation for success – especially when that success involves youth and education. Last spring, the North Dakota Cowboy Hall of Fame (NDCHF) and Farmers Union Insurance entered into a partnership, allowing kids to get into the Cowboy Hall of Fame free on Wednesdays. Over 340 children took advantage of the free admission offer during the summer season. “Farmers Union works to develop leadership and citizenship skills in our youth through the knowledge of rural issues. Knowing the history of North Dakota ranching and western way of life is an important step,” said NDFU President Woody Barth. Visitors to the NDCHF learn of the integration of the horse through the different cultures, experience the impact of the tribal nations through the settling of the Dakotas, how the trail drives spawned ranches in the region and how those ranches caused the friendly competition known as rodeo. The upper floor Hall of Honorees showcases photos and biographies of the local legends inducted into the North Dakota Cowboy Hall of Fame. The stories and interpretations within the walls of the Medora Center serve as a spotlight of the individual accomplishments and success of notable North Dakota figures. Their influence may have been shared in the many stories spoken at the family supper table, gatherings or chores. This past year, the ‘Western Wednesday’ discount coincided with other promotions by the Theodore Roosevelt Medora Foundation in which several attractions in Medora are free for kids on Wednesday. For more information, to join or to learn of the inductees to the NDCHF log on to www. p


A statue of Teddy Roosevelt pays tribute to the original roughrider.

The Center of Western Heritage and Cultures is the premier interpretive center for the NDCHF. Located in Medora, it hosts three interpretative galleries (native american, ranching and rodeo) as well as the Hall of Honorees where NDCHF inductees are enshrined. Kids were granted free museum admission last summer thanks to the partnership with North Dakota Farmers Union Insurance.

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Surviving the test of time

two children on his farm that also required a lot of sacrifice. He There are five died in 2013. generations of the Hovets. It is here that his The family has survived daughter, Vawnita, on this ranch in southern continues the ranching McKenzie County since tradition. Together early 1912. It is the love with her husband, of the land that has been Pete, they operate passed down to each the Elkhorn Creek generation with pride. Ranch, home of “Best This summer, the Hovet ranch hosted a The original farmhouse is the center part of this structure. A cousin Angus and Quarter served as the architect for the remodel and addition. Horses.” Their son, celebration to mark the Kyle, makes up the 100th year milestone. An worked the land and passed his five generation Hovet family. official application was submitted ranch down to his family. Despite Vawnita explained, “We to the state to gain the elite status hard times, the land sustained the celebrate 100 years of the Hovet of becoming a North Dakota family. Son Walter and his wife, family farm. We know farms are centennial farm. Olga, raised ten children on this physical in nature. They are dirt The original farm house still land including sons, Myron and and hills and grass. They are stands - within a remodeled Kurt. fences, barns, machinery, livestock structure that was built with the idea Today, Myron owns and and farmhouses. Fifth generation of maintaining some of that 100 operates the original farm. farms, however, are so much more year old history. Myron’s brother, Kurt, than that. Fifth generation farms It all started back in 1912 when purchased the neighboring Elkhorn are people. They are the family Knut Hovet staked a homestead Creek ranch in 1968. Kurt raised members who have committed claim near Watford City, N.D. Hovet to keeping the physical home of the old tree in the family. This commitment has come with many sacrifices. This commitment has superseded the great depression, world wars, promises of financial prosperity in the cities and on the coasts, droughts, the farm crisis, out migration, physical hardships and loved ones lost. This is a beautiful, century old farm that is home.” p

by Anne Denholm, NDFU

A centennial celebration with friends and family was held this fall. Here are five generations of the Hovet family. From top left to right: Vawnita Best, Myron Hovet. Middlet: Kyle Best, Marcia Hovet and bottom: Olga Hovet. Union Farmer •

Olga Marsten Hovet and Myron Hovet enjoyed the summer celebration that featured the band Lonesome Willy. About 400 people attended the event. Next summer, Watford City will celebrate their centennial and Vawnita Best is working on producing a special documentary entitled “Cowboys and Crude - the McKenzie County story” as a way to commemorate the event.


The tin man by Anne Denholm, NDFU

Ervin Jose has been making tin men for the last 16 years. It’s a hobby that’s earned him the nickname of the “Tin Man.” The tin creations are made from different sized cans. A funnel serves as a hat and sardine cans are used for the feet. Jingle bells are used for the eyes. The cans are fastened together with bolts and are flexible enough to move and clank in the wind. “I try to match up the corrugation - that looks the best. I’ve made four foot tall men and I’ve made 10 inch tin men. I’m now teaching my son to make them.” Jose estimates that he’s created about 1,600 tin men. They have been given away and sold to customers in all parts of the United States including Georgia, Washington, Oregon and South Carolina. “I’ve even had people order them from Japan and England,” Jose added. The small tin men take about an hour and a half to create while the larger sized version take about a day to make. A few years ago, Jose sold his tin men at craft shows but now relies on word of mouth and select outlets like the Washburn Cenex store. The regular-sized tin men sell for $20 each. p


Ervin Jose has made about 1,600 tin men since 1997. He has made different sized models using a variety of materials including sardine cans supplied by a Maine fishery called Herring Weirs.

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Norwegian group tours oil country

by Anne Denholm, NDFU

A group of Norwegian leaders visited North Dakota this fall to learn more about the state’s energy economy and to meet with state and local officials. The delegation toured the state with stops in Mountrail, Williams and McKenzie counties. Farmers Union Oil Company manager, John Knox, said, “Norway has a strong cooperative tie with many of its industries. We can relate to each other since we are a co-op with our C-store and ties to agriculture, petroleum and energy.” North Dakota Farmers Union cooperative specialist Dale Enerson served as a guide for part of the tour. He said, “For the last year now, NDFU has been bringing groups out to oil country, touring the Bakken area. We have shown more than 1,200 people how the impact of oil has affected agriculture and local residents. Our tours stop at drilling sites, well sites, lunch at a crew camp and visits to local cooperatives.” In June 2012, a North Dakota delegation of top leaders traveled to Norway to learn about their country’s energy and economic

A Norwegian delegation visited North Dakota this fall to explore future partnerships.

boom. The goal was to address common energy policy, technology and investment priorities. The delegation’s premise was to build on Norway and North Dakota’s shared ethnic heritage and rich tradition of cultural exchange by laying the groundwork for cooperation on fossil and renewable energy development, technology demonstration and investment. To continue this collaboration, the Norwegian leaders traveled to North Dakota this year. Group participants met with North Dakota’s

energy industry executives, higher education and research institution leaders and other stakeholders. The visit provided an opportunity to explore partnerships between Norway and North Dakota where advanced technology and practices can provide strong economic returns, long-term stewardship of natural resources and global leadership in hydrocarbons. The tour was coordinated by the Great Plains Institute. p

COOL defense fund still needs contributions North Dakota Farmers Union is leading national fundraising efforts to support the Country-ofOrigin Labeling (CCOL) defense fund. Many Farmers Union state organizations have contributed including a $40,000 gift from NDFU, $9,210 from South Dakota Farmers Union and $7,500 from Rocky Mountain Farmers Union. “Country-of-origin labeling is a Farmers Union issue we’ve advocated for since the ‘90s,” said NDFU President Woody Barth. “We believe consumers have a right to know where their food and meat products come from. This is a battle and it’s costly. Our donation sets the bar high for other organizations.” Nine American, Canadian and Mexican meat, livestock and

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check-off organizations filed a lawsuit in July in opposition to USDA’s revised regulations on COOL that were promulgated as a result of a World Trade Organization (WTO) ruling. National Farmers Union and its member states, along with the U.S. Cattlemen’s Association, American Sheep Industry Association and the Consumer Federation of America, became intervenors in the lawsuit in August. As such, the groups are permitted to participate in litigation. The coalition successfully blocked a preliminary injunction that would have prevented USDA from implementing and enforcing its revised COOL regulations until the lawsuit is concluded. Meatpacker-producer

organizations and foreign interests are appealing the preliminary injunction decision. Farmers Union anticipates a further challenge will be brought forth by plaintiffs through the WTO. “Our initial court cost estimates to defend COOL have now doubled, and could go as high as $400,000,” said Barth. “But we can’t let money be the determining factor here. The opposition’s pockets are deep, but consumer’s right to know is worth defending.” To contribute to the COOL defense effort, send a check payable to “U.S. Cool Defense Fund” to the NDFU state office at 1415 12th Ave. SE, PO Box 2136, Jamestown, N.D. 58401.p


Hoop Dreams

What started out as an FFA project has now become a career goal

by anne Denholm, NDFU

He may only be a sophomore in high school but Joshua Geinert has already found his calling in life. “My vision is to make this garden business a life-long career. I want to be able to make a living here. That’s the goal,” Geinert said. His business began through his local FFA chapter at Edgeley-Kulm High School. Through a Supervised Agricultural Experience (SAE), Geinert met with his FFA school advisor and developed a farm to market concept. He secured a business loan at the Edgeley bank and purchased a high tunnel to grow fruits and vegetables in a greenhouse environment. High tunnels are used to extend the growing season by providing protection for early or late season production or they may be used for year-round growing. High tunnels are becoming increasingly popular due to the low start-up cost and quick rate of return on investment. This summer, Geinert hit the ground running and was amazed at the production levels. “I grew all kinds of vegetables and the strawberries are really good, too. They are my claim to fame,” he added. Despite a late planting start due to construction of the tunnel, Geinert was still able to sell a lot of produce later in the summer. One of his marketing strategies is to offer a food share program called CSA which stands for community supported agriculture. When someone purchases a Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) membership, Geinert Gardens will deliver a box of produce every week for a contracted period of time. Time and size of boxes depend on size of share purchased. Produce delivered depends on what is in season. His profits will be directed to paying off his loan expenses but already, Geinert is envisioning 12

This trellis system was built for this high tunnel. Greinert researched the best way to maximize production and harvesting.

Incandescent light bulbs are used in the hoop house that measures 30’ wide x 36’ long x 4’tall. It is 12’ at the peak.

expanding his production capability by adding more high tunnels. “I feel like there’s a market for me in this area. When I have money for expansion, I could rotate my crops and have one house devoted to fruit and another to vegetables. I want to use more modern methods of production.I just can’t stop thinking about it. It’s pretty exciting.” His parents, Tim and Joanne, have been very supportive of the business and have helped with the production and delivery. To contact Geinert Gardens, e-mail at or call Joshua at 701-685-2493. p

Joshua plans on attending college to pursue a career in the farmers market business. He is a sophomore at Edgeley. Union Farmer •

Community lunch served in Turtle Lake by Anne Denholm, NDFU

This summer, youth from McLean County Farmers Union hosted a special luncheon at the Turtle Lake Senior Center as a fundraiser for Tiny Turtles Daycare in Turtle Lake and the Great Plains Food Bank. Participants were asked for a free will donation for the meal and to bring canned food items for the food bank. The event raised $1,593, serving 202 meals. Youth Director Brenda Fylling reported that the luncheon was a success. McLean County Farmers Union youth include, back to front: Luke Keller, Kylee Reiser, Aaron Klain, Tori Andrus, Cassidy Freeman, Jaden Murray, Kadence Reiser, Kennedy Sondrol, Jaden “I’m very proud of the Reiser, Chazlynn Sondrol, Tatum Fylling, Katie Andrus, Kohl Miller, Trey Klain, Amy Klain, kids. They are so fun to Landon Faulkner, Eastyn Rittenbach, Abbie Bergquist, Jalen Granlie, Claire Webb, Mariah work with. They are good Brekke, Justin Williams, Dakota Brekke, Erin Andrus, Cassidy Reiser and Troy Bergquist. Not workers and very efficient.” pictured: Madison Kurle, Shania Harr, Skylar Harr and Chloe Harr. Youth leaders include Mary Klain, Kyler Miller, Taylor Fylling and Brenda Fylling. Lunch consisted of baked chicken, potato legislation and education.” Fylling said, “Our Farmers salad, beans, cupcake and a Other activities have included a Union mission statement is to beverage. The day’s theme was car wash, canned food drive, flower develop visionary leaders through “Building ourselves and building our planting and tours of the Cenex interactive programs that solicit lives” which fits in with the youth station in Minot, CHS warehouse commitment, teamwork, creativity, group’s volunteer efforts for the in Minot and the wind turbines in leadership and citizenship for all year. Velva. p participants through cooperation,

Grand Opening in Watford City Farmers Union Oil Company of Watford City held a customer appreciation and grand opening event at their new location on October 16. The event featured a free BBQ lunch for customers, door prizes, including an iPad donated by McKenzie County Farmers Union, and free knife sharpening. The new location, at 501 6th Ave SE in Watford City, features 28 pumps and extensive food and products to purchase.

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In 2010, the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA, “health care reform,” or “ObamaCare”) became law. Over the last three years, elements of the law have gradually come into effect. The most significant element of the law – the opportunity and requirement to enroll in health insurance – began Oct. 1, 2013. You will have access to a number of insurance plan options in the coming months. Your Farmers Union Insurance agents have worked hard to become the expert in health insurance so we can help find the option that best fits you.

What are the timelines I need to know?

On Oct. 1, 2013, people could start enrolling in insurance plans that are listed on the Marketplace (formerly called the exchange). If you enroll between Oct. 1 and Dec. 15, your coverage will begin Jan. 1, 2014. If you enroll between Jan. 16 and Mar. 31, your coverage will begin the first day of the following month. If you do not enroll during the enrollment period (Oct. 1, 2013-Mar. 31, 2014), you will be required to pay a tax penalty, and you will not be able to enroll until the next enrollment period. This penalty may not apply if you qualify for a special enrollment period.

What is a special enrollment period (SEP)?

It’s a time outside of the open enrollment period during which you and your family have a right to sign up for health insurance. SEPs are triggered by certain life events that involve a change in family status (for example, marriage, divorce or birth of a child), losing a job or job-based health coverage, or moving into or out of a different marketplace area.


Call your local Farmers Union Insurance agent with questions Union Farmer •

SPECIAL SECTION Get the facts about the new health care law from trusted agents.

Why does the ACA require me to buy insurance?

Under the ACA, no one will be denied health insurance coverage despite their medical history. Sick people cannot be charged more than healthy people. On the flip side, almost everyone is required to purchase insurance. Health insurance works like any other insurance to spread risk: it remains affordable if there is a balance of healthy people covered along with those who have greater health needs. That’s why the law requires everyone to participate by buying insurance.

I thought I could not be denied insurance. So, can I sign up at anytime? Your opportunity to sign up (“enroll”) for the new insurance plans began Oct. 1 and runs until March 31, 2014. While everyone will qualify for insurance despite their health and medical Union Farmer •

history, you cannot sign up outside an open enrollment period or a special enrollment period. If people could sign up at any time, most healthy people would wait until they are sick or need the doctor before buying insurance. The costs of insurance would skyrocket because there wouldn’t be enough healthy people paying in to balance out the risk.

What are some of the changes already in place?

Adult dependent children may stay on parent’s plan up to age 26. Children can join or remain on a plan even if they are: • married • not living with their parents • attending school • not financially dependent on their parents • eligible to enroll in their employer’s plan. Children with pre-

existing conditions can get immediate coverage. Another early provision eliminated waiting periods for children younger than 19 with pre-existing conditions. Insurance plans must provide coverage without cost-sharing for a number of preventive care services and screenings (applies to non-grandfathered plans).

How will the Marketplace work?

The Marketplace will allow you to shop among different insurance options. You will find out if you are eligible for government health programs like Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP) or Medicaid, or if you’re eligible for tax credits (subsidies) to buy private insurance. The private insurance plans are categorized according to the cost share of each plan, called “Metallic Plans,” and all must include essential health benefits.

If you choose not to buy insurance: 2014

PER PERSON TAX: 2015 2016+

$95 per adult $47.50 per child





$285 max $975 max

2014 1% of income

$2085 max

% OF INCOME TAX: 2015 2016+ 2% of income

$2.5% of income

Example: $200K income - tax of $2K, $4K, $5K $400K income - tax of $4K, $8K, $10K 15

Health Insurance101 It’s helpful to have a basic understanding of health insurance before you explore your options. Here are a few key definitions:

Premium – The cost of the insurance policy, which is paid by the insured. Deductible – The specific amount you pay for services before insurance starts to pay. This varies by insurance plan. Copayment – A set dollar amount you pay for a covered service (office visit, Rx, etc.) This varies by insurance plan. Coinsurance – Your share of the total cost of a service after your deductible has been met. This varies by plan, and is usually shown by the split between insurance company and you – e.g. 90/10, 80/20, 70/30, 60/40. Out-of-pocket costs – Health or prescription drug costs you pay on your own – deductible, copay,

Can I buy insurance outside the Marketplace?

Yes, most private health insurers will offer insurance plans that you can buy directly from them outside the Marketplace. The plans will offer the same coverage as the plans inside the Marketplace. You only need to shop in the Marketplace once you find out you are eligible for a subsidy (premium tax credit) or government health programs. The subsidy and those programs won’t be available outside the Marketplace.


coinsurance – that your health insurance won’t cover. The out-of-pocket maximum is the maximum you pay in a year. Out-of-pocket costs are separate from your premium. Guaranteed issue – An insurer does not consider present and past physical condition of the applicant. In other words, you will not be denied insurance because of your medical history or health. Open enrollment period – The time of year you can apply for health insurance. You can ONLY apply for health insurance during an open enrollment period, unless there is a change in your life that will qualify you for a special enrollment period. Health Insurance Marketplace – Entities that organize the market for health insurance by assembling Your Farmers Union Insurance agent has access to Blue Cross Blue Shield of North Dakota, Sanford Health Plans, Medica Plans and

individuals and small businesses into larger pools that spread the risk for insurance companies, while facilitating the availability, choice and purchase of health insurance (previously called Exchanges). Health Savings Account (HSA) – Individuals covered by a qualified high deductible health plan (HDHP) (and have no other first dollar coverage) are able to open an HSA on a tax-preferred basis to save for future qualified medical and retiree health expenses. Preventive benefits – Covered services that are intended to prevent disease or to identify disease while it is more easily treatable. ACA requires insurers to provide coverage for preventive benefits without the insured having to pay deductibles, co-payments or coinsurance on non-grandfathered plans or Marketplace plans. others. Your agent can walk you through all your options – inside and outside the Marketplace – to help find the best fit for you.

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What benefits will be covered in my insurance plan?

All health insurance plans sold after 2014 must include a basic package of benefits. These ten benefits are called Essential Health Benefits: • Hospitalization • Outpatient services • Emergency services • Prescription drugs • Laboratory services • Rehabilitative and habilitative services and devices • Maternity and newborn care • Mental health and substance use disorder services, including behavioral health treatment • Preventive and wellness services and chronic disease management • Pediatric services, including oral and vision care. Some plans will include additional benefits, like dental or vision. Ask your Farmers Union Insurance agent for help in finding the plan that fits you best.

Will I qualify for a subsidy to help pay for health insurance premiums? Some individuals and families shopping in the Marketplace will qualify for help to pay premiums. Your eligibility will depend upon two main criteria: 1. How much money do you make? Individuals with household incomes at or below 400% of the federal poverty level (FPL) may qualify for a subsidy. That’s about $46,000 a year for one person and about $94,000 for a family of four in 2013. 2. Do you have affordable health coverage at Union Farmer •

work? If you have affordable single coverage at work, you won’t be eligible for subsidies, no matter what your income level. The government considers affordable coverage to be no more than 9.5% of your annual income. The subsidies will be issued to eligible individuals and families on a sliding scale and paid directly to the company from which you purchase your insurance. People with incomes at or below 400% of the poverty level qualify for lower out-of-pocket costs as well. You can find out if you are eligible for a subsidy tax credit to help pay premiums by using this online calculator:

age that offers minimum value and covers minimum essential coverage. If it doesn’t, it will pay a penalty to the government. Your employer will have to determine that the insurance options it offers meets this requirement. If it does, you can still go shopping on the Marketplace for coverage, but you won’t qualify for a subsidy and you will pay the full premium yourself. If you work for a small employer (less than 50 employees), your employer might still offer you insurance, but it is not required to offer you the same benefits as a large employer. subsidy-calculator/

I have insurance coverage from my employer. How will I be affected? If you are in an employer plan, you can stay in the plan – you do not have to go shopping if you are satisfied. If you work for a large employer (over 50 employees working more than 30 hours per week), your employer is required to offer you and your dependents affordable cover-


More questions and answers Whether or not your employer offers you coverage, you might benefit from shopping in the Marketplace. If you lose your job, you will still have the right to stay on your employer’s plan – this is COBRA or continuation coverage. But you also have other options, including a special enrollment period to enroll in a Marketplace plan. Talk to your Farmers Union Insurance agent to find out more.

I’m enrolled in Medicare and I have a Medicare Supplement plan. Do I need to make changes?

Medicare isn’t part of the Marketplace and the Marketplace won’t affect your Medicare choices. If you have Medicare, you are covered. You don’t need to do anything. No matter how you get Medicare, whether through Original Medicare or a Medicare Advantage Plan, you’ll still have the coverage you have now. Medicare benefits have expanded under the health care reform law–things like free preventive benefits, cancer screenings, and an annual wellness visit. You can also save money if you’re in the prescription drug coverage gap (also called the “donut hole”) with discounts on brandname prescription drugs. Once you reach the coverage gap in 2013 and 2014, you’ll pay 47.5% of the plan’s 18

cost for covered brand-name prescription drugs. You get these savings if you buy your prescriptions at a pharmacy or order them through the mail. The discount will come off of the price that your plan has set with the pharmacy for that specific drug. Although you’ll only pay 47.5% of the price for the brand-name drug, the entire price (including the discount the drug company pays) will count as out-of-pocket costs which will help you get out of the coverage gap.

I run a small business/I have a hired man. How will I be affected?

You won’t be penalized for not offering health insurance to your employees, but Farmers Union Insurance can help you explore the many options to offer a mix of health and other workplace benefits to your employees. You can shop in a Small Business Health Options Program (SHOP),

the Marketplace set up for small businesses, or it might make sense for you to pay a part of your employees’ premiums when they shop in the Marketplace, or you could offer other benefits like accident policies to them. Additionally, the law provides a Small Business Tax Credit to businesses for contributing toward their workers’ health premiums. The credit applies to all amounts paid or incurred in taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 2009. Businesses with fewer than 25 full-time equivalent employees (FTE) and average annual wages less than $50,000 per employee qualify for the credit. To receive the tax credit, an employer must have a group health plan and must pay at least 50 percent of the premium. The tax credit is not available for coverage for working owners (sole proprietors, partners) and their immediate families. Coverage for seasonal workers who work 120 or fewer days are not eligible for this tax credit. Union Farmer •


Talk to your local agent When it comes to planning your health care needs, your local agent will provide the same priced options as any navigator or Marketplace website but gives you the added benefit of having a local contact if you have questions, concerns or claims. You get personal service and trusted advice for the same price as going online. For more information, e-mail us at:

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You’re Invited!


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National women’s conference set National Farmers Union (NFU) has announced the opening of registration for the 2014 NFU Women’s Conference, a conference for farm and rural women, based on the well-respected Annie’s Project education program. The event, set for Jan. 11-14, 2014, will provide participants with tools and information to confidently manage risks in their farm or ranch operations and develop leadership skills.  “Family farm operations are more successful when each person in the management team better understands strategic planning, business analysis, family dynamics, and transferring operations from one generation to the next,” said NFU President Roger Johnson. “This conference

builds on our experience in proving adult education classes specifically designed for women in agriculture.” A variety of trained instructors will teach family farm finances, budgeting and cash flow, cooperatives, marketing, farm transfer and estate planning, business planning, leadership assessment and skills, generational issues, and action planning. Attendees will learn skills for women leading in agriculture and have peer-to-peer networking opportunities. The conference will be held at the Holiday Inn Conference Center in Clearwater, Fla. The $175 registration fee will cover most meals as listed on the tentative agenda and conference materials. Those interested in participating are urged to register early, as

capacity is limited. Full payment must accompany registration and be received by Dec.19. More information and registration details are available at www.nfu. org/education. Annie’s Project also helps women find new ways to balance the demands of family, community and professionalism within the agricultural community. The conference is sponsored by Farm Credit, CoBank, the FUI Foundation and the NFU Foundation. p

The United Nations declared October 15 the International Day of Rural Women. In celebration, women farmers gathered for a conference in Lusaka, Zambia, themed “Investing in Rural Women to Achieve Sustainable Food Systems.” The event was hosted by the World Farmers Organisation (WFO), of which National Farmers Union is a member, in collaboration with Zambia National Farmers Union. Sue Carlson of Jamestown, N.D. serves on the WFO Women’s Committee on behalf of NFU. She was one of two U.S. delegates in attendance at the meeting in Zambia. “NFU is honored to have participated in the event held in Zambia through our participation

in WFO,” said NFU President Roger Johnson. The role of women in agriculture is fundamental to achieving food security and nutrition goals. According to the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) estimates, women are responsible for more than 50 percent of food production worldwide. This includes up to 80 percent of food production in African countries, 60 percent in Asia and 35 percent in South America. For fruits and vegetables the average numbers are higher, with 70 percent of production done by women on an average of two acres or less of land. In the United States, the story is similar. According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA),

the number of ranches and farms operated by women doubled in the last 30 years, with 30 percent (1 million) women farmers recognized as primary operators. A 2013 USDA report found that many of these women are electing small-scale, sustainable methods of farming, especially when getting started in farming. Nearly half specialize in grazing livestock and raising poultry, with others growing diversified crops. National Farmers Union has been working since 1902 to protect and enhance the economic well-being and quality of life for family farmers, ranchers and rural communities through advocating grassroots-driven policy positions adopted by its membership. p

International Day of Rural Women celebrated

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Northeast fall foliage tour

Two bus excursion trips this fall carried over 100 NDFU members to northeastern United States. The bus traveled across the Midwest to visit historic stops along the way. Highlights included a Kentucky Horse Park, colonial Williamsburg, Mount Vernon and Washington, D.C. followed by tours at Gettysburg, New York City, Massachusetts and Vermont. In addition, participants visited Boston, Niagra Falls, a Wisconsin cranberry bog, museums, restaurants and beautiful scenery.

Mary Borstad and Don Erie enjoyed seeing the cranberry bog at Warrens, Wis.

In Boston, participants visited a special memorial to soldiers lost in Iraq and Afghanistan. It is made out of dog tags that reflect sunlight in all directions. 22

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AROUND STATE October was Co-op Month and this group witnessed the Governor signing the proclamation. From left to right: Jeff Olson, Credit Union Association of the Dakotas; Stan Vangsness, North Dakota Association of Telecommunication Cooperatives; Mike O’Keeffe, Farm Credit Services of Mandan; Dennis Hill, North Dakota Association of Rural Electric Cooperatives; Governor Jack Dalrymple; Woody Barth, North Dakota Farmers Union; Carl Younce, CHS; and Larry Holst, Land O’Lakes.

Dane Braun took this scenic photo on his family farm during harvest.

CHS held an informational meeting on the proposed fertilizer plant project in Jamestown in October. Pictured from left to right are: Michael Johnson, CHS; Brian Schowieller, CHS; David Christofore, CHS; Katie Andersen, mayor; Connie Ova, Economic Development; Woody Barth, NDFU; and Annette Degman, CHS.

A co-op supper was held in Kenmare and attended by more than 200 patrons and co-op employees. The event included door prizes and was coordinated by Renville County Farmers Union along with Burke County Farmers Union, Farmers Union Oil, Kenmare, Farmers Union Lumber, Town and Country Credit Union and many other co-ops. Pictured back row, left to right: Jared Johnson, Allie Sagness, Lisa Brekhus, Troy Hedberg, Joe Peterson and Lance Kalmbach. Front row, left to right: Stacey Johnson, Scot Ness, and Jerry Essler.

A FFA regional event was held at the state office. National representative Wiley Bailey played the banjo as a way to communicate a powerful message to the students. Union Farmer •

As a child, Lynette Jose found a triangleshaped rock on their family farm. She painted it and presented it to NDFU President Stanley Moore at the 1976 convention. She recently stopped by the state office with her father, Ervin Jose, who served on the NDFU Board of Directors from 1975-83. After searching the office, the rock was found in the archives.

Ervin Jose’s name is listed on the plaque outside the state building. 23

Straight From The Farm: The Founding Farmers Cookbook Arrives!

from founding farmers restaurant

We are thrilled to introduce The Founding Farmers Cookbook: 100 Recipes for True Food & Drink from the Restaurant Owned by American Family Farmers. Our very first foray into publishing hit the shelves October 29, 2013 and the buzz surrounding its release has been sensational! With Founding Farmers’ signature dishes from all of our menus front and center, The Founding Farmers Cookbook also features cooking techniques, profiles of NDFU family farmers and purveyors, recipe inspirations, tips on eating seasonally and the value of seasonal sourcing, artful photography and insightful illustrations. We’re confident that our loyal guests, followers and fans alike will love The Founding Farmers Cookbook as much as we have loved creating it for them. Watch for the special Founding Farmers Cookbook table at the NDFU Convention, November 22 and 23; Chef Joe Goetze will be on hand to sign copies and will do a special demonstration of a dish from the book! *More News From The Farm: In addition to publishing The Founding Farmers Cookbook, Founding Farmers D.C. celebrated its fifth anniversary this past September and Farmers Fishers Bakers marks their first year milestone this month. Next month, we’ll share a look back at the history of the restaurants and how our special brand of American family farm favorites has grown. p

THE FOUNDING FARMERS COOKBOOK DETAILS: TITLE: The Founding Farmers Cookbook: 100 Recipes For True Food & Drink From The Restaurant Owned by American Family Farmers (ISBN: 978-1-4494-3716-9) AUTHOR: Written in collaboration with Washington, DC author Nevin Martell PAGES: 233 pages, 14 Chapters, 106 recipes, 100 images, Printed FSC paper with soy ink. RETAIL PRICE: $40 (plus sales tax) Order online at: AT STATE CONVENTION: Buy your copy at the state convention in Minot and have Chef Joe autograph your book!


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Available at state convention or online at Union Farmer •


Farm Bill

On Oct. 12, the U.S. House of Representatives finally named its conferees to the 2013 Farm Bill conference committee. We are pleased to see the farm bill process finally moving forward. NFU sent a letter outlining our priorities for the final farm bill to the conferees, and all members of Congress. The letter outlined key issues such as maintaining farm bill permanent law, as enacted in 1938 and 1949, which provides a regular requirement for Congress to update and review farm and related policy. “Rescinding permanent law would remove the incentive to update and reauthorize the farm bill, leaving conservation, renewable energy, rural development, research, trade and other provisions without authority to continue,” said Johnson. The letter also highlighted 18 other important farm bill issues on which NFU has taken a position. NFU will continue to urge the conference committee to take swift action so that we can ensure certainty for all Americans with a new farm bill signed into law before the end of the year. The letter can be found at

NFU continues to defend COOL

We’ve received good news in the Country-of-Origin labeling (COOL) lawsuit, brought by our opponents, the American Meat Institute, National Cattlemen’s Beef Association, National Pork Producers Council and other plaintiffs. The court will allow NFU, along with U.S. Cattlemen’s Association (USCA), American Sheep Industry Association (ASI), and Consumer Federation of


America (CFA), to fully intervene on the side of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). The court has also sided with us and refused to grant our opponents the preliminary injunction they requested, which would have prevented USDA from implementing COOL rules. However, defending COOL in court comes at a price. Cost estimates for legal services range from $300,000 to $400,000, and NFU will need to pay its fair share. Our opponents have already indicated their intention to appeal the court’s preliminary injunction decision, adding even more time and legal fees to our defense. Please contribute what you can to help defend this profarmer and rancher law from yet another attack. You can send a check to your state organization or if you prefer, you may send a check made out to NFU to 20 F Street

NW, Suite 300, Washington, DC 20001. Please contact NFU Vice President of Government Relations Chandler Goule at 202-554-1600 or with any questions.

State Conventions

Now that fall is upon us, Farmers Union state conventions will be filling the calendar for the remainder of the year. We are looking forward to visiting with so many of our fellow members across the country at each of the state conventions. Please look to future editions of the Washington Corner and other NFU publications for more details about what is happening across the country within the Farmers Union family! p

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High-moisture corn can create storage problems

Corn harvested at high moisture levels needs special care when it’s stored. For example, corn at moisture content exceeding 23 percent should not be stored in a grain bin because the kernels may freeze together or deform and bind together, which could keep them from flowing from the bin during unloading, North Dakota State University grain drying expert Ken Hellevang says. Corn above this moisture content should be placed so it can be unloaded with a frontend loader or other equipment that can dislodge the corn mechanically. Providing aeration to keep the corn cool also is critical to prevent it from deteriorating rapidly. Corn will deteriorate even with airflow, but without airflow through the corn, it will increase in temperature, resulting in rapid deterioration. Hellevang recommends an airflow rate of 0.2 cubic feet per minute per bushel of stored corn. “Condensation and icing occurs on bin vents at temperatures near or below freezing, so leave bin covers open to serve as a safety opening when operating fans near or below freezing temperature,” he says. “There were numerous reports last year of bin vents freezing over and the fan pushing Union Farmer •

the roof up and damaging the bin roof.” Here is advice for ensiling highmoisture corn: • Shelled corn should be at 25 percent to 35 percent moisture for anaerobic (without oxygen) high-moisture storage in silos or silo bags. • Promptly repair any tears in the plastic bag to minimize storage losses. • Whole shelled corn can be stored in oxygen-limiting silos, but a medium grind is needed for proper packing in horizontal or conventional upright silos. • A bunker needs to be airtight. Make sure it is covered with plastic on top and the sides and sealed at the seams. Seal any punctures in the plastic. Exposure to air will result in spoilage and loss. • Wet shelled corn exerts more pressure on the silo than corn silage, so producers may have to add hoops to conventional concrete stave silos or they should not completely fill the silo. • Corn at moisture content below 25 percent will not ensile, so it will need to be dried for storage. If oxygen is not adequately removed as the corn ensiles, heating and severe deterioration will occur. Fines also can be a problem

in high-moisture corn. More fines are produced when corn is wet because more aggressive shelling is required, which causes more kernel cracking and breaking. The potential increases as well for stress cracks in kernels during drying, which can lead to more breakage during handling. In addition, immature corn contains more small and shriveled kernels. Fines cause storage problems because they spoil faster than whole kernels, they have high airflow resistance and they accumulate in high concentrations under the fill hole unless a spreader or distributor is used. Preferably, the corn should be screen-cleaned to remove fine material, cob pieces and broken kernels before it is put into bins. Corn with damage to the seed coat and immature corn have a shorter storage life than mature corn. Therefore, cooling the grain to about 20 to 25 degrees for winter storage is more important for immature corn than for mature corn. Hellevang recommends drying the corn a percentage point lower in moisture content and checking the stored corn frequently. Immature or damaged corn should not be kept in long-term storage. p 27

CLASSIFIED ADVERTISEMENTS Classified ad space is free and available to NDFU members. Ads will run one time only. Ads must be mailed, e-mailed or faxed. No ads will be taken over the phone. Include your name, address, phone number and mail to: NDFU Classifieds PO Box 2136 • Jamestown ND 58402-2136 e-mail: Fax: 701-252-6584 • 701-952-0102 Deadline is the 15th of every month. Contact us to repeat your ad.

FARM EQUIPMENT FOR SALE IHC 50T baler; Schulte RS hyd. rock picker; F10 Farmhand w/weigh all Snoco bale loader; h.d. Russell Reliance 10’ grader; 10’ h.d. V packer; 5 bottom packer w/hitch; 8 steel grain bins w/ steel floor, 1,000-12,400 bu.; Peterson dual rims, 18.4-34 to 232.1-30; Letz 163 burr mill; 11’ wide push-all hay basket for DuAl loader; push-off hay basket or DuAl loader; Versatile 8”x50’ pto. auger. 5842025, Elmer Lemke, Bentley. FOR SALE Brand new concave for IHC 915 or 914 combine; used sickle drive/wobble box; other used parts; 2 cyl. heads for IHC V8 eng.-casting #361 665 C1, reconditioned, ready to install; Summers mid-mount pickup sprayer, 350 gal. tank, 11 new 4 1/2” IHC hoe drill shovels; 2 complete Eagle Beak shovels; seed tubes, down pressure springs. 465-3749, Arlo Blumhagen, Drake. FOR SALE MDS manufacturers attachments for any tractor loader/payloader - MDS Rockbadger w/ skidsteer or payloader mounts; 7’ & 8’ MDS scoops w/ universal Euro mounts; 7’ MDS scoop w/ skidsteer mount; 8’ MDS scoops and grapples for JD 148, 158, and 740 classic-tach; MDS Shur-lock quick-tach scoop mounting system for JD 145, 146, 148, 158, 168 loaders; many other MDS attachments available; 7’ JD scoop w/JD global-mount (same as Euro-mount); new 5’ & 6’ JD scoops w/wo. grapple with 300-400-500 series JD mount; Koyker 545 loader w/ 8’ scoop & grapple; Koyker 645 loader w/ 9’ scoop & grapple (JD mounts); 7’ Koyker quick-tach scoop; JD 146 loader w/ 7’ scoop; 8’ JD 280 scoop; 4 - 55” - 80” skidsteer scoops; F11 & F10 loaders and loader parts; used 8 1/2’ scoop and grapple for NH Bi-directional 7614 loader. 709-0103, Alan Wald, Edgeley. FOR SALE 1968 Ford 3000 tractor with Ford loader, cylinder bucket, good condition, 35 hp., 4,200 hrs., 10 spd. - Select-o-Matic, $5,250. 320-763-8866, Howard Windhorst, Alexandria, MN. FOR SALE Farmall “B” tractor, antique, used from 40s - 70s. 751-0224, Paul Patrick, Bismarck. FOR SALE 3 Big Round Bale Hay feeder on wheels, can also be used for feeding silage or grain, 20’ long by 5 1/’ wide, good tires, totally indestructable. 769-2325, Larry Gruman, Hannaford. 28

FOR SALE 3 hp. electric moror rated “High Torque Farm Duty”, 230 volt single phase, 15.3 amps, 1,750 RPM, frame 184T, TEFC (totally enclosed fan cooled), 1 1/8” shaft with 1/4” keyway, used motor in running condition, $200. 493-2320, prairiepauls@, Don Paul, Edgeley. FOR SALE JD 7520 tractor, 4 good tires, new starter, nice paint, bad transmission, take a look & make offer. 228-2124 or 228-6066, Orlan Dreyer, Bottineau. FOR SALE 8N Ford tractor with cultivator, runs good, new tires, recently converted to 12 volt, new battery, new steering wheel and seat cover, new brakes and wheel seals installed recently. 337-2294 leave message, Brian Klabunde, Garrison. FOR SALE 2005 NH 1475 swing tongue 18’ HS head, 1,000 pto., one season on new guards, excellent shape, $15,000. 348-3827, Marlyn Staiger, Glen Ullin. FOR SALE 4020 John Deere tractor with wide front end, Miller loader with grapple fork bucket. 349-4329, Jeanette Ruenz, Ellendale. FOR SALE One set of clam shell fenders to fit 4010 JD tractor, $175. 252-8473,Gene Sand, Jamestown. FOR SALE 2 Valmar Airflow, number 1620 and number 160. 482-7749 evenings, Robert Huff, Donnybrook. FOR SALE Ritchie water fountain with Goulds pressure pump. 525-6344, Arnold Kraft, Karlsruhe. FOR SALE Massey Ferguson T035 tractor, new front tires and battery, running condition, $2,500; Massey Ferguson 30 backhoe with loader, good diesel engine, useable but could use work, $3,000. 872-4512, Troy Tescher, Beach. FOR SALE 2011 Case IH 260 Magnum, very sharp, 625 actual hrs., luxury cab with red heated seat, powershift, 14.9R34 front, 18.4R46 rear tire, rear duals, 3 pt., 4 remotes, 1,000/540 pto., block heater, DEF with recent computer updates beginning of Sept., excellent condition. 341-7799, Bob or Brandon Grove, Rugby. FOR SALE M International, $2,500. 452-2781 after 5 p.m., Deborah Humann, Wishek. FOR SALE 56’ Coil packer, $2,500; 40’ Rowse dump rake, $500; 6 - 14 International plow, $600. 398-3148 or 739-3955, Albert Wood, Devils Lake. FOR SALE 966 IH tractor, heated IH cab, dual pto., 2150 quick tach IH loader, new tires, duals, $12,500. 838-5941, Alan Egeberg, Minot. FOR SALE Krause 18’ offset disk in very good condition, $7,500; 14 horse Wisconsin engine, rope start, $500, mounted on 6”x40’ auger, $100. 677-5602, Kevin Kirsch, Belfield.

FOR SALE Artsway PM30 roller mill, 150 bu. capacity, electronic scale, 540 pto., loading hopper and auger, unloading auger with extension for feed bunks, always in the shed, service manual, owners manual and scale manual included, ready to roll, pictures avail., reason for selling-retired from cattle, $10,000; Farmall tractor w/ Wood mower, had an overhaul, radiator upgrade with overflow canister, brakes done, new battery, tires are in excellent shape, plus many other items, 60” Woods belly mower, always in shed, ready to work, such good running condition that only had to turn gas on, pull choke and crank for about 3 secs. after 6 months in storage., pics. avail., $5,575. 763-6184 or, Paul Heer, Jamestown. FOR SALE 590 John Deere pull type swather, 30’ with canola roller and Saber end cutter, low acres, always shedded, $7,500; LaForge front mount, 3 pt. hitch for 8000 Series John Deere tractors, $5,000; Beline granular applicator, complete with hose and monitor, $250; 2 steel bin roof stiffeners for 27’ diameter bins, $150; pickup topper for full size 1989 Chevy pickup box, $50; 12”x72’ Feterl grain auger, $2,500; barn stanchions, $5 ea.; fifth wheel plate, $125; John Deere Accudepth monitor, $100; propane heater, $50; Category 2, 3 pt. hitch coupler, $125. 247-3058 or 259-2373, John Steffan, Michigan. FOR SALE Knight Reel Augie feeder wagon, 500 cu. ft., Commercial Series with side tray & scale, used 2 seasons, excellent shape. 754-2729, Conrad Jangula, Napoleon. FOR SALE Goodyear II 24-5x32 10 ply tractor tire, 70% tread, no breaks or patches, $550. 3916865, Ron Gessele, Bismarck. FOR SALE DuAl 3100 loader, good shape, $2,000 obo. 663-3145, J Bauer, Fort Rice. FOR SALE 903 Melroe plow and packer, 8-18; cleaning sieve for 9600 JD combine, good condition. 482-7769, Francis Goettle, Donnybrook. FOR SALE Summer hydraulic direct drive, Model 700 rock picker; Farmhand 8 row sunflower or corn cultivator. 839-2424 or 883-2352, Greg Simonson, Minot. FOR SALE Wheel weights, band duals with 20.8x38 tires, various parts from Allis Chalmers salvage tractor, with radiator and steering axle. 776-2878, Mark Ostrem, Rugby. WANTED 7’ or 9’ Model 456 NH trailer mower or 1 for parts. 852-1150, Art Oen, Minot. WANTED Used grain dryer, Grain Chief 450 or similar size and model, must have small screens for flax; LP tank; good used 4 wheel trailer running gear, 10 ton. 4653749, Arlo Blumhagen, Drake. WANTED 6’16’ bumper pull horse trailer in sad shape, need it for parts. 769-2325, Larry Gruman, Hannaford. Union Farmer •

CLASSIFIED ADVERTISEMENTS WANTED IH tractors, 806, 1206, 856, 1066, 1466; John Deere 5010, 6030; Minneapolis Moline 1355, a nice one for my collection; will consider all, even non-running. 6282130, Jerry Lumley, Stanley.

FOR SALE 1990 Freightliner, conventional, FLD 120, 400 hp. cat truck, with 1992 Lufkin trailer, air ride, spread axle, set up to haul 30 bales. 542-3356 or 208-0863, Anton Lemer, Rugby.

WANTED John Deere grapple fork to fit 158 JD loader, in good condition. 252-8473,Gene Sand, Jamestown.

FOR SALE 2006 Chrysler PT Cruiser GT, 2.4 turbo, 59,850 mi., 5 spd., sunroof, red w/tan interior, excellent cond., new tires, pics available. 4352618, Duane Thoms, Courtenay.

WANTED Portable hay feeder, on wheels, in workable condition. 273-4125, Ronald Moser, Woodworth.

FEED AND SEED FOR SALE 224 round bales of millet unharvested hay, 1,100 lb. bales, twine wrapped, stacked in piles of 28, located 1 mile south of Lake Isabel, Hwy. 3 S, Dawson. 327-8156, Rodney Rudolph, Dawson.

WANTED 1949-1967 Volkswagen bus, must have the split windshield, willing to travel for anything. Call or text, 219-5847, Joel Herman, Harwood. WANTED 2000-2006 Chevy Impala car body in good shape, does not need to run. 840-3451, Mark Lura, Sanborn.



FOR SALE Hineker snow blower, single stage, 3 pt., 1,000 pto., 7’, $500; snow blower for parts, $200; 2 - Big Red 3 wheelers, parts machines only, as is, both for $250 obo.; over the cab pickup box camper, 8’, 2 jacks, hold down hardware, new mattress, some dishes, cooking utensils, $750; semi fuel tanks, 1 - 75 gal., 1 - 100 gal., came off of a Kenworth truck, w/hangers, $300; 2 - Craftsman lawn mowers, 25 hp., 48” decks, hydrostatic, $700 choice; misc. house windows - all sizes, big picture window to smaller room sized, $10 - $50 a window depending on size. 543-3843, Doug or Deb Hannestad, Hatton.

FOR SALE 1981 Buick Century, auto on floor, bucket seats, air, factory installed V8, 4.3 liter motor, mint cond.; 1951 straight eight Buick. 597-3730 or, Larry Nagel, Shields.

FOR SALE 12’ hard wood stock rack, red, factory made, like new; Worksaver 3 pt. fence post digger, 3 augers; 2 cream separators, electric #518 and #S16 with crank, both with complete attachments. 597-3730,, Larry Nagel, Shields.

REAL ESTATE FOR SALE Ranch style house, 3 bdrm., 2 bath, central air, hot water heater, double garage, full basement, lot 140’x120’, $89,500, Fessenden, ND. 547-3105 or 220-9068, Verdean Hofer, Fessenden.

FOR SALE 1992 GMC Suburban, in good shape, three seats, we don’t need anymore, $2,150 obo. 429-1577, Chuck Belzer, Valley City. FOR SALE 2006 F250 6.0 Powerstroke, King Rand, 4 dr., long box pickup, body is in very good condition, 152,000 mi., new batteries, grill guard, tonneau cover, oversized tool box, many other extras. Call or text, 226-1864, Randy Gutknecht, Mandan. FOR SALE C70 dump truck, 10 spd., 366 big block, runs good, 14’x8’ box with hoist, body, interior and tires are in good condition, $8,500. 722-3597, Emil Berdahl, Douglas. FOR SALE 1992 Chevy 3/4 ton pickup, 6.5 diesel engine, with flip-up gooseneck ball, $4,000; 1976 Chevy tandem truck with 21’ Reiten aluminum box, in good condition, $10,000. 845-3594, Donald Jorissen, Valley City. FOR SALE 1990 Oldsmobile 98 Regency Brougham, good motor, 165,000 mi., good body, no rust, needs tranny, full tank of gas, $450; 4 Michelin tires, LT 265/70 R17, 3/8 tread, load range E, $100 for all 4. 252-8012, Craig Neys, Jamestown. Union Farmer •

FOR SALE Horse collars & related items; 45 used utility poles, 35’-50’ long; used tires - 6 Bridgestone tires 245-75-R16; 4 - 225-60R16 M&S; 4 used Firestone P265-70-R16 M&S; 3 Michelin P225-60-R16 M&S; 4 Hercules Ultra 215-70-R15; 2 Co-op Ready Grip G78-15 MS studded, less than 2,000 mi. on Ford wheels; 2 Firestone L78-15 studded; 2 P25-75 R15 Cooper Weathermaster studded, less than 2,000 mi.; 2 P125-75 R15 Goodyear studded on Ford wheels; 2 P215-75 R15 Sears Snow Handlers. 584-2025, Elmer Lemke, Bentley. FOR SALE Glo-warm propane wall mounted heater, 25,000 btu., has three settings, needs no electricity to run, used only one season, in good condition, $125. 256-2406, Richard Hamann, Langdon. FOR SALE 230 Cummins engine, $1,500; Mack diesel engine, $1,500; 460 Ford engine with C6 transmission which is made into power-unit, used very little since engine and transmission were rebuilt, $1,500; engines, all complete: 1948 Buick Straight-8, $500; Rocket 88 Olds, $500; Chrysler Slant-6, $500; Olds F-85, $500; 250 gal. propane tank with 25% propane left, $325. 8453594, Donald Jorissen, Valley City.

FOR SALE 1986 bumper camper, self contained, fridge, stove, furnace, good for hunting, $300 obo. 846-7266, Fred Lorenz, Dodge. FOR SALE 2 used 6 ply tires, 18.4-30 on 16” rim, like new; 2 used tires on rims, 11L-15.2; 2 used multi-rib tires, 11-L-14; JD 9’ angle blade; 2 - 250 gal. propane tanks; 1984 Chev. 4 wheel drive, 1/2 ton pickup. 4835063, Richard Dvorak, Dickinson. FOR SALE 3 15” seat roping saddles – Texas Trail, roughout leather, covered stirrups; Star of Texas, padded seat, basketweave pattern, rawhide stirrups; Billy Cook, nearly new condition, padded seat, basketweave pattern, rawhide stirrups.. 357-8461, Bette Wagner, Forbes. FOR SALE Used tires for sale: 6- 28Lx26x10 or 12 ply Goodyear@75-90% (4 on JD rims); 8-20.8R42 Firestone@50%; 4-380/85R34 GY@75%; 3-480/80R46 GY-Ultratorque@75%; 8-520/85R42 GY Ultratorque@75%; 2-18.4R46 FS@60%; 2-420/80R46 FS@50%; 1-23.1R30x12 ply Titan@75%; 4-18.4R46 Titan@40%; 3-18.4R46 GY@40%; 8-20.8R42 GY @50%; 2-18.4x26x10 ply GY@80% on 8-bolt; 1-420/85R34 Michelin@90%; 1-18.4x26x6 ply FS diamond tread@90%; 8-18.4R46@40%; 6-20.8R38 Taurus@40%; 2-23.1x26 Titan@30%; 4-20.8x38@40%; 8-1122.5x12 ply FS@60%; 4-20.8x38 @40%; 8-11x22.5x12 ply FS@50%; 6-8x22.5x8 ply (new); 8-12.5x18x10 ply FS@95% mounted on Cat compact pay-loader rims; 2-11.2x24 GY@90%; 1- 20.8x34 FS@30%; 2-16.9x3@90%; 2-16.9Rx34@50%; 8-520/85R42 Michelin@70%; 3-710/70R38@50-70%; 2-14.9R46 band duals w/hardware@50%; 2-Case IH 14.9x34-12 bolt front dual rims & spacers for 22” rows; other rims, bands, hardware, etc. 709-0103, Alan Wald, FOR SALE Semi storage trailers – new 36’ hopper bottom trailer; 2006 Smithco side dump pup trailer; Ford A66 wheel loader with 3 yd. bucket; tanks and spray parts. 4745780, Richard Rydell, Fairmount. FOR SALE Lil Orbits commercial electric countertop deep fat fryer, 20 amp, 115 watt, $450 obo; Lil Orbits, Model 800 donut machine, electric, 20 amps, 115 watt, $425 obo. 3494736 or 535-0469, Ellendale. FOR SALE 45 KW Detroit diesel generator on wheels, 563 hrs, $3,000; antique General Electric stove; antique single gang disk, horse rake and horse scraper; parts for horse buggy leaf springs, axles, metal steps and runners for sled. 693-2371, Rich Frueh, Martin. FOR SALE New tires, reduced price; 2-520/85R42 Michelin; 2-52/85R42 Firestone; 4-520/85R42 GY Ultratorques; 8-480/80R42 Dynatorques, 8-18.4x38x8 ply Titans; 4-18.4x34x8 ply GY Duratorques; 2-BKT16.9x24x8 ply; GY20.8R42; GY Versatorque 18.4R34xx10 ply bidirectional; 8-Titan HD 12x16.5x10 ply skidsteer; 8-Titan HD 10x16.5x8 ply skidsteer; 2-30.5x32x12 ply Titan; 2-30.5x32x26 ply Titan. 709-0103, Allen Wald, Edgeley. 29

FOR SALE Glo-warm propane wall mounted heater, 25,000 btu., has three settings, needs no electricity to run, used only one season, in good condition, $125. 256-2406, Richard Hamann, Langdon. FOR SALE Fisher wood/coal stove, heats 5-6 rooms; old cook stove; 4’ galvanized gate. 2545838, Charles Abell, Linton.

WANTED Crocks, jugs with store advertising; old metal advertising signs, gas pumps, metal oil cans, advertising clocks, thermometers; old road signs, traps, knives, shell boxes, guns, pop or medicine bottles; old highway road signs; 1 lb. coffee tin cans; ND pottery, carnival glass; ND books - 50 yrs. in the saddle. 258-0420 or 220-5746, Val Ganje, Bismarck.

WANTED Prairie dog hunters to come and hunt on my land, make reservations now. 5973730 or, Larry Nagel, Shields. WANTED Styled fenders and exhaust manifold for WC Allis Chalmers (RC fenders fit); will consider parts tractor. 261-4069, leave message, Rodney Keller, Fargo.

Annual Meetings Set BARNES – November 10 • Trestles, Valley City • 5:30 p.m. supper • Guest: Lance Boyer, FUI • roller skating for youth • admission: non-perishable food item BENSON – November 5 • Maddock Community Center • 6 p.m. meal • Guest Amanda Martin, NDFU BILLINGS/GOLDEN VALLEY – November 3 • LaPlaya Restaurant, Beach • 2 p.m. • Guests: Lance Boyer, FUI and Megan Berger, NDFU BOWMAN/SLOPE – November 5 • Sweetwater Golf Course, Bowman • 6 p.m. supper • Guests: Lance Boyer, FUI and Megan Berger, NDFU CASS – November 7 • Spirit & Life Center, Casselton • 6:30 p.m. • Guests: Stacey Brekke, BCBS and Mary Mertens, NDFU CAVALIER – November 9 • Langdon Research Ext. Center • 5:30 p.m. • Guest: Lance Boyer, FUI DICKEY – November 2 • Legion Hall, Forbes • 6 p.m. supper • Guest: Lance Boyer, FUI FOSTER – November 4 • Carrington Research Extension Center • 6 p.m. meal GRANT – November 1 • Our Place Cafe, Elgin • 5:30 pm. MT • Guest: Lance Boyer, FUI McHENRY – November 12 • Verendrye Electric, Velva • 6 p.m. • Guests: Dale Enerson and Amanda Martin, NDFU McKENZIE – County Annual meeting • November 6 • Civic Center, Watford City • following Co-op Annual supper • Guest: Megan Berger, NDFU Watford City Local – November 6 • 2:30 p.m. • Civic Center, Watford City McINTOSH – October 8 • Senior Citizen Center, Ashley • 8 p.m. McLEAN – November 4 • Garrison City Auditorium • 6 p.m. • Guest: Amanda Martin MERCER – November 7 • Beulah Civic Center • 5:30 p.m. registration • Guest: Lance Boyer, FUI NELSON – November 4 • Friends and Neighbors Cafe, Tolna • 6:30 p.m. supper • Guest: Lance Boyer, FUI RANSOM – November 12 • Dakota Plains Agronomy Center, Lisbon • 6 p.m. STARK – November 4 • Comm. Library, Dickinson • 6:30 p.m. • Lance Boyer, FUI and Megan Berger, NDFU STUTSMAN – November 7 • NDFU State Office • 6 p.m. • Guest: Lance Boyer, FUI TOWNER – November 3 • Rock Lake High School • 5:30 p.m. social, 6 p.m. meal • Guest: Amanda Martin, NDFU WALSH – November 2 • Legion Meeting Room, Park River • 6 p.m. supper, meeting to follow


Union Farmer •

Message from

the President by ndfu president woody barth

Thanksgiving hopes for all farmers and ranchers November is the month we reflect on the blessings we have received during the year. It’s a time to look back and say thank you. For some, the year has been very successful. For others, it has been a struggle. The recent blizzard in the southwestern region of North Dakota and into South Dakota wiped out thousands of cattle and destroyed what would have been a profitable crop and livestock year. The recent government shutdown was also cause for concern. But despite these set backs, we should remain positive as we endure these hardships. Whether you suffered any of these losses, be confident in knowing that North Dakota Farmers Union continues to stand with you. We will be fighting for family farmers and ranchers everywhere so that when tragedy strikes, a strong farm bill

will offer protection. There are definitely positive signs of support as witnessed by President Obama’s recent remarks about needing a farm bill. Thankfully, Congress passed legislation that would fund the government through January 15 and raise the debt ceiling through February 7. The legislation ended a shutdown of our government and returned agencies back to normal operating status. This is good news for family farmers, ranchers and rural residents who were left without critical services for far too long. The next step is the farm bill. North Dakota Farmers Union will continue to work with National Farmers Union’s efforts to engage conversations with the conference committee. We will continue to encourage the conferees to maintain permanent

Getting to know... Dennis How many years have you been on the board of directors? Since 2003

What is your favorite North Dakota crop and why? Sunflowers, because they are deep rooted, break up hardpan, mellow the soil and are a great rotation between wheat and barley. What is your tractor radio tuned to during planting and harvesting season? Prairie Public Union Farmer •

What is one piece of advice you have for young farmers/ranchers transitioning into their family operation? Every one involved sitting down and discussing what is expected and what everyone’s role will be and then put it on paper with copies to all. What is one thing that you could not farm or ranch without? The support of family. When you aren’t busy serving on the NDFU board or farming/ ranching, what do you do in your spare time? Golf, travel, theater, family and friends

law, establish fixed reference prices for commodity programs, enact an inventory management tool as part of the dairy safety net, provide $900 million in mandatory funding for renewable energy efforts, oppose adverse amendments to Countryof-Origin Labeling, and include adequate funding levels for the Farmers Market and Local Foods Promotion Program. Now that conferees have been named, it is time for the committee to get down to business and take action to bring certainty to our family farmers, ranchers, fishermen, rural residents and hungry neighbors. Let’s remember to say a prayer for those serving on this committee and for all our fellow farmers and ranchers. Gaining support will mean a happy Thanksgiving for the next five years! p


What is your favorite meal at a county or state convention? Prime rib What is one challenge or advantage that farmers and ranchers are dealing with today that did not exist, or didn’t have as large of a presence, in the past? The big challenge is the huge risk that one mistake could cost you the farm. The advantage would be all the technology they have at their fingertips. What kind of tractor do you drive? John Deere p


Farmers Educational and Cooperative Union of America, ND Division

For more information on state convention, scan this code or go to


1415 12th Ave SE PO Box 2136 Jamestown, ND 58402

Union Farmer November 2013  

Monthly magazine for North Dakota Farmers Union

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