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TECHNICIAN          

wednesday april

10 2013

Raleigh, North Carolina


The Women Where are We Going panel included Lisa Bass, Deborah Brown, Janet Rakes, Jan Morgan, Heidi Grappendorf and Alison Bergman. The panel answered questions including, “What do you believe is the men’s role in the fight for gender equality?”

Panel reflects on past, predicts future for women Josué Molina Staff Writer

Six women, each from different professional backgrounds, fielded questions during “Women — Where are We Going” to discuss their own experiences in advancing feminism. The discussion featured the struggles of women from the 1960s, as presented in The Heidi Chronicles, to the present day strugg les in women’s rights.

Members of the panel stressed that to reach the point where women hold more leadership positions or have the top jobs, without it being out of the ordinary, men must be included in the conversation, as both groups mutually impact each other. Lisa Bass, assistant professor in the College of Education, said, with respect to the gender dichotomy from an economic standpoint, men are going to have to move out of the way, as both groups fight for scarce resources, especially jobs.

Throughout the discussion, members of the panel shared past experiences pertinent to the struggles they endured during their professional careers. One panel member even talked about her encounter with sexual harassment in a previous workplace. Deborah Brown, a lecturer in the Poole College of Management, shared with the audience her experience as an 18-year-old having one of her bosses invite her into his office and rubbing his crotch against her

Alumni offer store for niche sports Taylor O’Quinn Staff Writer

Stephanie Campbell, owner of Oak City Skate Shop in Raleigh, has taken to reaching out to students interested in niche sports, specifically disc golf. Campbell and her boyfriend, Long Tonthat, have started work on opening another business, Good Times Disc Golf, off of Western Boulevard. The partners said they want to revive the disc golf club at N.C. State, offering Good Times as a meeting place. If the club resurrection were to be successful, Campbell said she would offer “hook-ups” on merchandise to club members, as it would encourage recreation through the niche sport. “Recreation helps your daily life and helps you grow as a person,” Campbell said. If students are interested in disc golf, regardless of experience levels, Campbell said she would help with networking and getting the club up and running. “We’d really like to see more people getting together in groups,” Campbell said. “We want to boost niche sports, especially at N.C. State.”

arm. Brown also talked about an experience in the 1980s in which men had a hard time seeing women with any power when it came to money and budgets and anything considered “manly.” An employer would refuse to call Brown by her proper job title in front of the visiting corporate officers of the company because she was a woman, and her boss was afraid that corporate bosses would not like the idea a woman was run-

Stephanie Campbell, a 2012 alumna in parks, recreation and tourism management and Long Tonthat, a 2010 alumnus in Economics, own and manage two niche sports shops in Raleigh. Oak City Inline Skate Shop specializes in aggressive inline skates and is the only location within a four state radius to do so.

Campbell and Tonthat started Oak City Skate Shop in August 2012 and said their business has grown since. Jan. 5 they hosted a skate competition at the skate shop and said they hope to host it every year from now on. They said they plan to expand to other varieties of competition for niche sports. Niche sports refer to a number of sports and recreations not perti-

breakingnews @ncsutechnician

nent to mainstream athletics. The category includes disc golf, inline skating, rowing and orienteering among others. Campbell said their new location Good Times Disc Golf is set to have its grand opening at the end of April. The store features tee shirts, tutorial DVDs, and a wide variety of discs including charts with each

NICHE continued page 2

WOMEN continued page 2

Room to run New farm animal sanctuary gains community trust, helps responsible farm animal care catch on in Pittsboro.


ning the businesses’ purchasing orders, prompting her to leave that company. Women have seen improvement in equality since the ‘60s and currently there are more women graduating with college degrees than men. This is most likely an effect from the passage of Title IX in 1972, which made it illegal for any discrimination based on gender for participation in anything that was funded by federal

Helping ‘others’

Already home to havens like Carolina Tiger Rescue and the Goathouse Refuge, Pittsboro attracted Andrew Branch Braford through its community colStaff Writer lege and its reputation as a farming community rich with young people. Potential. That’s what Lenore “[They are] starting to think Braford, founder of Piedmont about what choices they make in Farm Animal Refuge, sees when both food and the way that they she looks at the 16 acres of pine- farm,” she said. “I really wanted to dotted fields off be part of this comHighway 87 in munity and make Pittsboro. sure the animal The 28-yearside is included in old entreprethese ethical disneur, a vegan cussions.” since taking an Braford has spent environmental the past three years ethics course volu nteer i ng at in college, has similar refuges in decided factory prepa rat ion for Lenore Bradford, farm animals opening her own. founder of Piedmont Farm Animal Refuge deserve better “I’ve had a lot of homes. experience working With a growing group of vol- with children with developmental unteers, Piedmont Farm Animal disabilities,” Braford said. “HelpRefuge is moving closer to real- ing others is something I’ve always ity as a haven for factory farm enjoyed doing and had an interest animals and a place to educate in. So for me, right now, ‘others’ are the public on the industry that feeds it. ROOM TO RUN continued on page 3

“If I do have animals, I don’t want to negatively impact their lives…”


10:28 P.M.

viewpoint features classifieds sports

10:34 P.M.

Preventing salmonell See page 6

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Stellar pitching shuts out ECU See page 8

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Staff Writer

What defines a tragic mulatta woman? What are the connections between the literary characters of the tragic muse and the tragic mulatta? Kimberly Manganelli of Clemson University answered just these questions in a talk on Tuesday. The talk, “The Transnational Mulatta and the Evolution of Genre in François Jouannet’s Zorada, or the Creole,” was part of the English Department Speakers Series. “To f u l ly u ndersta nd each of the characters, you have to look across cultural borders and national literatures,” Manganelli, author of Transatlantic Spectacles of Race: The Tragic Mulatta and the Tragic Muse, said. “If we’re going to try to keep the figures contained and only study American and British literature, we’re going to miss all of these intricate intersections between the two figures.” Most people view the two figures as separate and confined to one genre of literature each, according to Manganelli. The speaker refuted this paradigm and said there was more to the two archetypes. She said she views the two as intersecting and connected.






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WELLS FARGO EXECUTIVE SERIES - HANESBRANDS INC 3400 Nelson Auditorium 4:30 p.m. to 5:30 p.m. UNIVERSITY THEATRE PRESENTS THE HELDI CHRONICLES Kennedy-Mcllwee Studio Thompson Hall, 7:30 p.m. Thursday RED, WHITE, AND BLACK WALKING TOUR Witherspoon Student Center, 3 p.m. to 4:30 p.m.

Piecing together a story



iana Quetti, junior in Communications, portrays Heidi in the University’s Theatre spring production The Heidi Chronicles. “One of my favorite parts of The Heidi Chronicles is Wasserstein’s construction of the play as well as the important messages presented that are still relevant today.” Quetti said, “Every character is so crucial to bringing the story to life, and fortunate to be part of such a wonderful cast and show.”

Where tragic mulatta and muse collide Jessica Hatcher



Today 22ND NC STATE UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH SYMPOSIUM McKimmon Center 10:30 a.m. to 2 p.m.

Sunday 2:36 A.M. | ALCOHOL VIOLATION Sullivan Hall Two students were cited and referred Underage Alcohol Consuption. Third sutdnet was referred for Aiding and Abetting Underage Alcohol Consumption, violating university Housing policies, and having odor of marijuana about their person. 11:37 P.M. | SUSPICIOUS PERSON Fraternity Court Student reported suspicious subject. Officers checked the area but did not locate anyone.


Dining award rooted in sustainability Nicky Vaught

The tragic mulatta figure, a female with one black and one white parent, is a transnational African and AngloSaxon mixed race woman who became a cultural phenomenon. “The tragic mulatta was such a popular figure that you couldn’t find a book without it. She was comparable to vampires in today’s culture,” Manganelli said. The idea of a mulatta woman was also widely featured in songs such as the “Octoroon Waltz.” Sarah Siddons, an actress of Jewish heritage, was first to be termed as a “tragic muse,” according to Manganelli. Manganelli’s book traces the history and the literature of the tragic muse and tragic mulatta figures. According to Manganelli, the traditional tragic mulatta figure originates in American literature, with Lydia Maria Child’s “The Quadroons,” and that the tragic muse figure comes from British and French literature. One of Manganelli’s current projects includes translating François Jouannet’s “Zorada,” a little-known French text following the life of a young woman, who is referred to as “The Unfortunate” throughout the text. In the book, the main character, the daughter of “white man his slave,” moves from a colonial area to a European

country, where she loses the independence that she had in the colony, Manganelli said. “As with Olivia Fairfold and the Women of Color it seems to be the journey from the colony to empire that transforms these characters into tragic mulatta figures,” Manganelli said. “They had freedom in Jamaica... but the moment that they go to an empire, as we see with Zorada, she has no options, no friends and though she is free she has no protection within the respectable private sphere.” After the talk, Manganelli invited attendees to ask questions and make comments. “Manganelli’s talk was an insightful treatment of a wellwork path,” Marc Dudley, associate professor of English, said. “I thought her treatment of seemingly well-known literary conceit was original and did the important work of drawing on this contemporary moment of transnational thought.” Chris Blakley, a graduate student in history, said he enjoyed Manganelli’s speech. “I thought it was a very interesting talk,” Blakley said. “The humanities are in this direction right now with transatlantic studies and the intersection of race and empire.”

Deputy News Editor

Clark and Fountain dining halls, for the fourth consecutive year, have served award-winning food. The city presented the 2013 City of Raleigh Environmental Award to University Dining at N.C. State early April. According to Joanna Minett, public communication specialist for University Dining, the award is meant to honor those who have “demonstrated a commitment to the environment and the Raleigh community.” University Dining also won the 2013 Grand Goldie award, a national award honoring noncommercial food service, early in March, for its sustainable practices. Minett said the program’s success is large in part to do with “My


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money, making its success for women’s education, according to the panel. Members of the panel said they hope that more college-educated women translates to more women holding leadership roles in the future and that it will lead to changing the normal, white male-dominated leadership structure and that wage gaps will be

tonight! FILM: Burning Man

Wednesday, April 10 at 6pm Gregg Museum of Art & Design Peter Goin, photographer for the current Gregg exhibition Humanature, will introduce his film Burning Man, a documentary about the annual “alternative event” in Nevada’s Black Rock Desert. FREE

The Heidi Chronicles Start summer break with less hassle. Let ZippyU pick up and store your stuff by-the-box or by-the-piece, for the summer or short-term to clear space. Sign up at, text/call 919-605-1253 or email Zippy U. We move mountains for you. a service of



April 10-13 & 17-20 at 7:30pm Sunday, April 14 & 21 at 2pm Kennedy-McIlwee Studio Theatre

Heidi Holland, a successful art historian in the 1960s, tries to find her bearings in a world that is rapidly changing, especially for women.

Roots are at N.C. State,” a sustainability in dining, to project which partners with submit to and compete in University Dining to provide the “Going Green” category. sustainable meals. University Dining has also Keith Smith, director of won awards in 2012, 2011 board operations and sus- and 2010. These awards intainability liaison, launched clude the Governor’s Award the project of Excelin the fall of lence, which 2012 . “My dietitian Lisa Roots” conEberhart nects w it h won, among alumni ina dozen othvolved in ers. sustainable “ We a r e agriculture so excited to Joanna Minett, to help inwatch t his University Dining corporate loprogram cal, healthy grow,” Mifoods into NCSU dining. nett said. “Our University Smith, alongside Chris Dining team strives to foster Du n ha m of Un iversit y lasting sustainability pracDining, is set to accept the tices and to partner with the award on April 22 as part of sustainability goals of our an Earth Day celebration at university. ‘My Roots’ allows the N.C. Museum of Natural us to do that, while also supSciences. porting North Carolina agAccording to Minett, the riculture, University Dining University Dining team put business partners and hightogether a video, which is now lighting the achievements of featured on their website, em- N.C. State alumni.” phasizing the importance of

“We are so excited to watch this program grow.”

eliminated. “There are many more opportunities for my daughter than I had,” said Janet Rakes, career counselor for the Poole College of Management. “We have a long way to go, but we have come a long way too.” The moderator for the event asked the panelists questions such as “Who is your role model and why?” Each member answered that her mother was her role model, except Rakes “Rosa Parks was an ordinary person that did something so seemingly small by sitting down and refusing to get up,” Rakes said. “She did something important in civil rights and showed that anyone can do anything no matter what.”


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disc type’s flight pattern. “Anyone who would like to come forward and start a disc golf group will receive VIP status at Good Times Disc Golf,” Campbell said.

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CONTINUED FROM PAGE 1: ROOM TO RUN farm animals because there’s not a lot of people advocating for them.” With a diverse group of board members and more than 30 other volunteers to manage things here in the Triangle, Braford and fellow board member Tom Griffen spent April and May interning at Farm Sanctuary in Watkins Glen, N.Y., whose 175 acres, bed and breakfast, and well-established community roots are giving them a feel for their new roles in North Carolina.

Factory farming They’ll need that experience, too. They couldn’t have picked many states with more factory farming. North Carolina ranks third in total poultry production, and Smithfield Foods operates the world’s largest porkprocessing plant in Tar Heel. North Carolina’s 8.8 million hogs, which produce four times as much waste as humans, are part of what led American Rivers to name the Neuse as the eighth-mostpolluted river in the United States in 2007. The kinds of living conditions Braford and her allies decry come from a lack of regulation and a view of the animals as “cash crops” and nothing more. Thousands to tens of thousands are crammed into tight quarters, and current industry standards only require 67 square inches for egg-laying hens ­— a square foot is 144 inches. Farmers shear off beaks or tails of chickens and pigs without anesthesia so they won’t injure each other. “[For chickens], it’s like de-clawing a cat and then putting that cat in a situation where he or she has to fend for himself with no claws,” Braford said. “One of the ways that it is OK to kill baby piglets is by slamming their heads on the concrete.” Factory pig farming still widely uses a controversial “gestation crate” system in

which sows spend almost their entire lives pregnant and are unable to turn in their stalls. “They are actually smarter than dogs,” Braford said. “You’ll see a lot of biting of bars and biting of the cage with these pigs and just obsessively chewing and chewing and chewing because they are kind of going crazy because they have nothing to do or think about.” Dairy cows can be kept in stalls with concrete f loors with milking machines on timers that can over-milk and cause infection. “That’s one of the reasons so many antibiotics have to be used, because they chronically have these infections and huge amounts of blood and pus and really disgusting things are actually in milk, but it is in certain quantities that are allowable by the USDA,” Braford said. The only federal protections for farm animals are for research animals or optional quality assurance programs and certifications.

On their own For a refuge, the lack of regulation leaves quality of care up solely to the operators, as they are not held to a higher standard than the factory farms they protest against. The N.C. Animal Welfare Act makes traditional animal shelters register, follow space and care guidelines, and be subject to inspection accordingly. But that only applies to cats and dogs. No such regulations exist for farm animals at the state or federal levels. “The only thing I think that we would watch over is if they’re importing animals from out of state,” said Sarah Mason, director of animal health programs in the poultry division of the veterinary division of the N.C. Department of Agriculture. This can lead to problems with refuges when their owners’ hearts are bigger than their wallets, said Daphna


Lenore Braford, founder of Piedmont Farm Animal Sanctuary, and Cash, a sheep, at Farm Sanctuary in Watkins Glen, N.Y. Braford and friend Tom Griffen interned at the 175-acre Farm Sanctuary in the spring of 2012 to prepare for their roles in Pittsboro.

Nachminovitch, vice president for the PETA cruelty investigations department. “People tend to take on more than they can reasonably care for if they’re not careful,” Nachminovitch said. Having witnessed such situations firsthand in her time at Carolina Tiger Rescue, Braford said she is moving forward conscientiously. “If I do have animals, I don’t want to negatively impact their lives by bringing in more when we can’t really fit more… when we really don’t have the funding for that,” she said. “This is something I have said from the very beginning to everyone who is involved.” Nachminovitch said Farm Sanctuary’s glowing reputation and Piedmont’s mission statement makes her optimistic Braford and her team will be prepared. “It absolutely does appear to be something that could mean a real haven for animals who would otherwise be subjected to horrific fates — not


The future site of Piedmont Farm Animal Refuge sits on 16 acres off Highway 87 in Pittsboro. Founder Lenore Braford and her husband are currently building a house on the land. “Having someone living on the site will get us one step closer to being able to rescue animals,” Braford said.

just on factory farms but also in slaughterhouses,” she said.

Baby steps As Piedmont Farm Animal Refuge gains momentum, Braford said an active rescue program is still two to three years away. Fencing and barns must go up and, since many farm animals have undergone genetic engineering

that impairs their ability to live normal lives, veterinary care must be secured. Pigs, turkeys and chickens are bred to be grossly obese for their meat, according to Nachminovitch. Arthritis and even heart attacks are common, forcing many animals on medication for survival. “[I]t’s important for sanctuaries to have a veterinarian who is familiar with farmed animals and animals who may be subjected to industry practices to advise a sanctuary,” Nachminovitch said. Once everything is in place, Piedmont plans to start with small animals ­— including strays housed at dog shelters and disabled factory animals — and work its way up as larger animals. The hope is that one day Piedmont will be able to open up for tours like Carolina Tiger Rescue, where Braford currently works full-time. “It is important that people learn where their food comes from and then make an educated decision as to whether or not that works for them,” Griffen said. That education is already well under way. Piedmont’s Facebook page features Meatless Mondays and Thirsty Thursdays for vegan food and drink recipes. Vegan food may also become a hands-on part of the future Piedmont complex. “One of the things we would love to have is a kitch-


Tar Heel, N.C. is home to the world’s largest meatpacking plant N.C. is ranked second nationally in factory hog farming (8.8 million in December 2011) N.C. is ranked third nationally in total poultry production—second in turkey There are currently no regulations regarding the way farm animals used for food are raised

en out there so we can actually hold cooking classes and other events that involve delicious and healthy food for people just to really be able to make those connections,” Braford said. The dream is not to just educate, Braford said, but provide people with tools for change. But before all that happens, Piedmont will continue to take small steps, Braford said. She married her husband, Paul Drake, Aug. 25. They are building a house on the land. “We’re going to begin tilling part of the land to add nutrients and plant grasses in preparation for future rescued animal pasture,” she said. “We have other new and exciting things coming up that I can’t talk about yet. … It’s pretty challenging to say you want to start an organization like this, but I think it’s easy — I think because I believe in it so much.”




Special topics in debate: equal marriage and logical fallacies


ost ever yone has a “frenemy,” the person with whom we disagree with about almost everything — The Bill O’Reily to our Jon Stewart, the Apple to our Google. A nd FreneAmed Amer my-ship loves Viewpoint quarrel. Why Editor else would we keep around our psuedo-companions if not for a good debate? Very recently a good frenemy of mine asked me why I always “talk about the gays”

in my columns. I replied, “Because I support marriage equality.” “But Ahmed, you know homosexuality isn’t natural, right?” Aha! That, my friends, is what’s known as an appeal to nature (and an unsuccessful one at that) — a logical fallacy. An appeal to nature is an argument that something is justified and good because it is natural. And not only is wrong to use this fallacy because, well, it’s a fallacy — but it’s also wrong because homosexuality is well-documented of several animal species, including man’s best

friend. Let’s look at some more logical fallacies, shall we? You: “I support marriage equality.” Frenemy: “But if you redefine the institution of marriage, where do you draw the line? Next thing you know we’ll be having sex with animals, or having three and four-way marriages.” This is your typical slippery slope argument. On the slippery slope with our frenemy are several Republican Congressmen and pundits. Though using unsubstantiated hypothetical extremes is a good way to inject fear

into the home base and get it riled up, it diminishes the any debate’s merit. Sex with animals and polygamy are not equal to marriage between two men or t wo women. Let’s figure out this nation’s stance on h o mosexuality, and then we’ll move on to bestiality and polygamy, if it becomes necessary.

You: “I support marriage equality.” Frenemy: “I believe marriage is between one man and one woman … i t ’s what my church teaches me.” This is known as an appea l to authority. Just because an institution has an opinion does not mean that opinion is valid. Maybe you’re for equal

“Sex with animals and polygamy are not equal to marriage between two men or two women.”

marriage — maybe you’re against it. Either way, avoid using these logical fallacies so as to not look like an illogical — what’s a synonym for phallus? Also, so that I don’t commit a logical fallacy of my own — a strawman (in which you misrepresent an argument to make it easier to attack) — the frenemy quotes are direct quotes from arguments I’ve had. Except for the last one, that one was John Boehner. Send your thoughts to

Margaret Thatcher’s money matters


f you think the proposed $139 million in cuts to the UNC System is bad, look back to the United Kingdom in 1985. The late Margaret Thatcher, former-prime minister of Britain, did far worse things to Joesph Britain’s uniHarvey versities than Deputy Viewpoint anything the Editor North Carolina General Assembly is proposing. According to Britain’s Telegraph, upon her first year in office, Thatcher gave UK universities 18 months to cut 18 percent of their budgets. She cut 3,000 university positions, and three years later, froze student grants. The opposition from Britain’s higher education was so great that Oxford University refused to give Thatcher an honorary degree, which was unprecedented after World War II. And yet, many UK citizens think that the 1980s and 90s were good years for British education. Christopher Woodhead, writer for British education journal EducationNext, said that Thatcher’s 1988 British Education Reform Act worked — that is, until “government officials and various education groups got into the act and diluted nearly every reform, rendering the changes impotent.” The shocking thing about the effectiveness of the Education Reform is that it was government-run. Thatcher’s administration sought to nationalize schools and eliminate the British equivalent of school districts. For someone who staunchly supported privatization and smaller government (as Thatcher did), this Reform Act seemed to come out of nowhere. If you read my columns, what I’m about to say probably will feel the same way:



I think Thatcher’s move to nationalize education was a good one. The Telegraph reported that it required schools to focus more on “vocationally relevant higher education, closer links to employers and a wider range of modes of provision,” and that the reform still has a positive educational legacy in Britain today. Thatcher was able to cut through the big government/small government argument and propose an actual answer to the problem. And as with every government program, her success largely came down to money. I’m going to shift gears for a second and admit that it’s possible for Big Government to work. Sweden and its 51.1 percent tax rate has managed to host a stable economy and thriving entrepreneurial scene (Skype and Spotify both came from Sweden). But, like ancient Athens, in which every voting member of society took part in the law-making process, Sweden’s small size plays a large part in its success. Plus, compared to the U.S., Sweden has no international affairs to worry about. Its army has had little effect on the affairs in the Middle East and it doesn’t possess nuclear weapons. These aspects have allowed Sweden to focus almost exclusively on domestic affairs and increasing economic efficiency. This efficiency is what allows the Swedish government to work. I’ve heard the “people matter more than money argument,” which basically says government should care more about its citizens than about staying out of debt. But this is a faulty approach — without money, you can’t care for the people, no matter how much goodwill you possess. The Greek government is learning this lesson the hard way. In attempts to “care for” its citizens, it handed out benefits associated with

Matthew Clark, senior in arts applications

Gun violence and video games


uns and ammo: When put together, they create controversy and ruin lives. In the far right corner, we have the “you can pr y t h i s out of my cold, dead hands” types. And in the far left corner Taylor we h ave Quinn Staff Columnist the peace sign-wearing progressives protesting for guns to be made illegal. It seems like there is absolutely nothing on which the two groups can agree, but I would hope they have at least one thing in common — they want gun violence to end. Let’s face it, gun violence is a problem. According to the Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence, firearms aided in the killing of 31,076 Americans in 2010. Both sides of the political spectrum need to forget their differences and work together to find a realistic solution to gun violence. As much as I would love to rewind time and

stop the first gun from being made, I can’t. Guns are everywhere and even if they are taken off the legal market, there is a strong possibility that people will find ways to get them. Drafting water-tight laws to limit the number of guns is complicated, and there are no guarantees that tampering with the current ones will result in any progress. Altering the environment in which these criminals live in, though, is feasible. Ever since Bandura’s Bobo doll experiment, we have recorded that violent acts committed by children can be initiated by watching adults commit those same violent acts. According to, for every 10 minutes of playing video or computer games, boys between the ages of 8 and 18 will see between two and 124 acts of violence. In video games rated as ‘T’ (teen) or ‘M’ (mature), players will see more than 180 violent acts every 40 minutes, or 5,400 violent acts per month, if they play daily. In 98 percent of games, the acts the player commits are unpunished. Rather, in more than half of video games the perpetrators of violence are

rewarded. I wonder where these kids are getting it from? Current video games like Call of Duty, Gears of War, Mortal Kombat, MadWorld and Grand Theft Auto display common themes of violence for a reward. One moves to the next level or gains more points when they complete a kill. Killing is good in the realms of these games, and it can be easy to get wrapped up in them — allowing “realities” of the games to creep into the real life. The men who opened fire at Columbine High School and in the movie theatre in Colorado were both heavy gamers and there is no doubt that killing sprees were depicted in the games they were playing. To the young kids who are playing these violent games on a regular basis, killing is normal and blood and gore is funny. The desensitization levels regarding guns are at an all-time high. “Danger and “cool” have become synonymous. But, it’s all fun and games until someone gets hurt, right? Well, people have been hurt and killed — so maybe the “fun and games” needs to be reevaluated.


“What’s your favorite class at N.C. State and why?” BY JOANNA IRVIN

“English, because the projects were a lot of fun and helped me understand what was going on.”

“Animal Phylogeny and Diversity — Dr. Heatwole is amazing.”

“Fiction writing — you can write about whatever you want and not be judged.”

“Public speaking — it’ll be really useful later in life.”

Brayndon Stafford, Freshman, First Year College

Blair Downs sophomore, zoology

Sarah Thornton sophomore, zoology

Zachary Francis sophomore, communication

323 Witherspoon Student Center, NCSU Campus Box 7318, Raleigh, NC 27695 Editorial Advertising Fax Online

almost every job imaginable. According to Business Insider, a hairdresser in Athens could retire with a full pension at age 50. Vasia Veremi, a 28-year-old Greek hairdresser, told Business Insider that her job was risky because she worked with ammonia and harsh chemicals. “People should be able to retire at a decent age,” Veremi said. “We are not made to live 150 years.” It’s a nice idea, but who’s going to pay for it? Certainly not Greece — its economy is in shambles. In the end, Thatcher’s education reforms worked because her government was able to pay for them. Whether it’s N.C. General Assembly cutting funding to schools or whether it’s Sweden charging its citizens exorbitant tax rates, the only successful government is a government with money. Perhaps the United States is too large for big government to effectively provide for all citizens and government should be regulated to the local level. Or perhaps, it is possible, and we should mimic France’s proposed 75 percent income-tax on the rich. Though I personally believe the former is true, we won’t know for a while — in fact, we won’t ever be able to know until our government again has money. Only when North Carolina moves away from the number-three spot in debt to the federal government can we talk about opposing cuts to the UNC System. And only when North Carolina is able to store up the $1 billion that Gov. McCrory is proposing can we talk about teacher salaries and restoring the pre-McCrory welfare payments. Until that happens, I’m going to support things such as the federal Sequester or Gov. McCrory’s proposed budget.

515.2411 515.2029 515.5133

Editor-in-Chief Mark Herring

News Editor Sam DeGrave

Sports Editor Jeniece Jamison

Viewpoint Editor Ahmed Amer

Multimedia Editor Taylor Cashdan

Managing Editor Trey Ferguson

Associate Features Editor Jordan Alsaqa

Associate Features Editor Young Lee

Design Editor


Advertising Manager Olivia Pope

Photo Editor Natalie Claunch

Technician (USPS 455-050) is the official student newspaper of N.C. State University and is published every Monday through Friday throughout the academic year from August through May except during holidays and examination periods. Opinions expressed in the columns, cartoons, photo illustrations and letters that appear on Technician’s pages are the views of the individual writers and cartoonists. As a public forum for student expression, the students determine the content of the publication without prior review. To receive permission for reproduction, please write the editor. Subscription cost is $100 per year. A single copy is free to all students, faculty, staff and visitors to campus. Additional copies are $0.25 each. Printed by The News & Observer, Raleigh, N.C., Copyright 2011 by North Carolina State Student Media. All rights reserved.




Reader- submitted Spring photo contest

Want to see your photos published in Technician on Wednesdy, April 24? Submit your photos to editor@technicianonline. com. Add “photo contest” in the subject line.

A Bite of China Top Chefs from the China Cuisine Association will demonstrate a culinary art performance and present a visual feast for your enjoyment. You will have a chance to watch, touch and taste traditional Chinese cooking. Please join us for this special event! Take part in interactive activities and win free gifts! Event is free, but you must register and print out your ticket at: April 17, 2013 7- 9 pm Bostian 3712 NC State University (Building 67A on map)




Preventing salmonella through education and research Lindsey Schaefer Staff Writer

This summer, the science labs at N.C. State and UNCChapel Hill will be full of curious teachers learning about ways to prevent the spread of food-borne illness in kitchens, restaurants and all around the nation as well as studying ways to manipulate the microbiomes in the chicken’s intestines. With the help of researchers, the Kenan Fellows Program and the 4-H Youth Development Program, students will be educated on ways to prevent the spread of salmonella through a formulated curriculum as well as other interactive activities. Hosni Hassan, a professor in the Department of Microbiology and Matthew Koci, an assistant professor in the Department of Poultry Science, are teaming up to begin research on the poultry at the Dearstyne Avian Health Center. Andrea Azcarate-Peril, an assistant professor at the Department of Cell Biology and Physiology at UNCChapel Hill will be directing the analysis of bacteria at the Microbiome Core Facility at UNC’s School of Medicine. “Not many people work with poultry ... at least in terms of infectious diseases ... and figuring out why certain diseases affect humans and certain diseases affect birds has been an ongoing question for us,” Koci said. Preventative salmonella research specializes in microbiomes—the bacteria, fungi and viruses located in the intestines of animals. These microbiomes are the cause of many food-borne illnesses or diseases. Accord-


Microbiologist Hosni Hassan shows off some of the salmonella cultures on hand in his lab. This one has been dyed fluorescent green so it is more easily viewed under a microscope.

ing to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, an estimated 1.2 million cases of salmonella poisoning occur annually in the United States. The researchers are also asking the questions: Why can chickens have salmonella bacteria in their stomach and not suffer side effects from it? Why are only humans getting sick from the salmonella bacteria? Through their research, they aim to answer that question. The first round of experiments started four weeks ago. “It has been a two to three year project of putting these things together and figuring out how to get this research off the ground,” Koci said. “Good research leads to more

questions than answers, so whether there is ever a final chapter to this whole book, who knows?” The Kenan Fellows Program is set to accept applications from nine eager teachers interested in learning more about the research. There will be an elementary, middle and high school teacher in each lab, shadowing a researcher to learn more about the topic of poultry science. The program will be treated like a 40 hour a week job during the summer for the researchers and teachers. “We want to help them grow professionally and provide them the opportunity to take that real world experience to the classroom,” said

Craig Tucker, program coordinator for the Kenan Fellows Program. The teachers will use their knowledge to formulate a STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Math)based lesson plan to educate students on food safety. The curriculum for older students will also inspire an interest in microbiology, as well as other research in the science field. “Our teachers are coming from a variety of backgrounds, subject levels … we believe that STEM isn’t just one discipline, it is a way of thinking. This is what we will be instilling in these Fellows,” Tucker said. The training will also be turned into a learning expe-

rience for a K-12 environment outside of the classroom. The Intellemedia Group at N.C. State emphasizes advanced learning technologies by human-computer interaction. The group is creating specific gaming software linked to the study called Crystal IslandOutbreak that will show students a salmonella outbreak, and its goal will be to stop it. The Raleigh chapter of the 4-H development program, headed by the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, is teaming up with the Kenan Fellows with the aim of developing materials and educational activities that can be used in the classroom as well as informal settings, such as after-school programs and

camps. “4-H has content specialists in all areas of the college such as entomology or horticulture. When a content piece comes to us, we surround it with very responsible individuals,” Amy Chilcote, a 4-H program manager, said. “We look from the community perspective, the youth perspective and the private industry’s perspective ... so that the curriculum is developed very holistically.” The pilot program will take place in the Summer of 2014, certain 4-H agents throughout North Carolina will come together and receive training provided by Kenan Fellows to test out the various aspects to the program. In 2015, when the pilot program is wrapping up, the program will be sent to the national 4-H level for review before being dispersed into schools. “There are a lot of program opportunities for students to compete on the 4-H level. There is the poultry judging, the poultry outdoor cookery ... they could be looking from the standpoint of preventing cross contamination of salmonella. The kids get to do those kinds of things as well,” Chilcote said. The diverse research and education opportunity is being is funded by a $2.5 million U.S. Department of Agriculture grant for North Carolina schools. “They may get sweaty and dirty and all that fun stuff but that is just part of it, and from that they grow,” Tucker said.

Researchers create new form of nanostructure Joseph Cabaniss Staff Writer

In the never-ending quest to make current technology more compact, scientists are designing structures so small that the need to be measured in nanometers – that’s one trillionth of a meter. These tiny structures can be used in a number of ways, but they can be very valuable when used as circuit components. The nanostructures are made from germanium sulfide (GeS) crystal, a semiconductor and an important part of electronics. By drawing a single wire of the crystal, and growing flat planes

of crystal from the wire – it looks like string threaded through sheets of paper – N.C. State researchers have created a three dimensional nanostructure with an enormous surface-area-to-volume ratio. �Unfortunately, there are no current and immediate applications of the GeS version of the structure. While it works for many applications, it is not as efficient as current technology. However, Linyou Cao, assistant professor of materials science and co-author of this research, said that by creating the same structure out of a more useful material, like molybde-

num disulfide, the structure could be applied in a number of different scenarios. This surface-area-to-volume ratio makes it an ideal structure for use in small electronics and light-detecting mechanisms. The thin planes that intersect with the wires are large enough to contain small electronic components. As they are connected through the center by the wire, it is possible to build small circuit boards across the planes, each plane connected to the next. “If we could build in a vertical way, we could significantly improve computer performance,” Cao said.

The large surface area also makes the structures capable of absorbing light very well. This has applications in optical sensors of all kinds, as well as solar panels. This structure could even be used to create supercapacitors in the future by utilizing the gaps between the sheets to store energy. Cao’s research was inspired by previous research he developed on two-dimensional nanosheet structures, as well as research a student of his was involved in on nanowires. Both of these structures derive their unique properties from being elementally pure and simple structures.

As structures these small cannot be physically manipulated, they had to be chemically reacted into the shape they are in now. Previous attempts to make this particular shape had failed, as getting the crystals to react at specific points along the wire, forming the planes, has proven impossible to control. However, during Cao’s research, the wire was exposed to air, which oxidized most of the wire, but left small openings that the nanosheets could grow from. In the future, this can be difficult to reproduce, and further research will be required in order to replicate the reaction.

A better control of the oxidation of the wire would allow for control of the size of the gap between nanosheets. “If you tune-in the size, tune-in the gap, you can make each gap different, and make sure each of the nanosheets could detect a selective wavelength,” Cao said. Cao hopes a lot will come out of his research, from another step in progressing the usefulness of solar panels, to more compact circuit boards capable of being produced in more flexible three-dimensional shapes.





Santoro completes first coaching staff Staff Report

Already preparing for the 2013 season, new N.C. State women’s soccer head coach Tim Santoro has completely assembled his first coaching staff in Raleigh. Kim Kern has been named an assistant coach. She spent the 2012 season serving as the Director of Operations. Kern is also a former Wolfpack keeper. She started all four years during her time at NCSU and ranks near the top of the leaderboard in goalsagainst-average, shutouts and saves in program history. Kern also recorded 66 career starts for the Pack, including 57 of 58 matches during her final three seasons. “Kim brings a lot of knowledge and experience, not just to the goalkeeper position on the coaching side, but to the program as a whole with her knowledge of N.C. State and the Raleigh area,” Santoro said in a press release. “She’s already been a great support

person in my transition these sacrifice to make this profesfirst few months.” sion hers and is prepared to Taylor Wilson has taken immerse herself in our ACC over the position of Director program.” of Operations. Wilson was an Justin Bryant has been assistant coach at Iona Col- named as the Director of lege during the 2012 season Goalkeeping. Bryant has under current N.C. State as- spent over 20 years coaching sociate head coach Mike Bar- goalkeepers at the collegiate roqueiro. and profesWilson led sional levels. Seton Hall He coached during her at Radford, senior year Queens in 2011 with College and 14 poi nt s , Elon for 15 scoring four seasons begoals and a fore spendteam-high i n g s e ve n si x assists. years in the She was also North CaroHead coach Tim Santoro a member of l i n a ODP the United program. States National Team youth Bryant is also a former program. college athlete, playing in “Taylor has a tremendous the mid-80s for Radford. He playing background and a also played professionally in tremendous passion to be a England, Scotland and the coach,” Santoro said in the United States. press release. “She’s already “Having Justin on staff, proven in a short amount in whatever capacity I could of time that she is willing to work out, was a priority of

“Having Justin (Bryant) on staff... was a priority of mine from the time I was hired.”

continued from page 8

rience and build around the best player at the position, Thomas may get the nod. Either way, State fans should see a completely different offensive approach. Last season, Northern Illinois was No. 10 in total offense among NCAA Division I-A teams, finishing with 6,574 total yards and scored a n average of 38.6 points per game. In 2012, State ranked No. 44 in t he country, gaining 5,475 yards of total offense and averaged 28.1 points per game. The direction in which the team goes offensively and deciding who the field general will be must come soon. That decision may be seen as soon as April 20, when fans will have their first chance to see the 2013 squad in the annual Kay Yow Spring Football

“The direction in which the team goes... deciding who the field general will be must come soon.”


Women’s soccer head coach Tim Santoro

mine from the time I was hired due to our long relationship in the sport,” Santoro said in the press release. “His knowledge of the game, especially in the goalkeeper position, is as good as it gets and the option for Kim and him to work together on a daily basis is going to be a great benefit for the program.”



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Game. The other option: a twoquarterback system, but that doesn’t always pan out. Ohio State head coach Urban Meyer ran a two-quarterback system while coaching at Florida with former Gator quarterbacks Chris Leak and Tim Tebow. Meyer saw an immense amount of success with the system in 2006 as Leak and Tebow led Florida to a national championship. In the Atlantic Coast Conference, Duke tried t he t woquarterback s ystem i n recent years, but to no avail. Either way, the product on the field this season will not resemble that of a typical former head coach Tom O’Brien offense. Doeren’s system won’t lull players or fans to sleep. If Doeren wants experience, he should go with Thomas. If a system quarterback similar to Lynch is desired, go with Stocker, even if he is raw.


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• 3 days until softball takes on North Carolina in a double header at Dail Field


• Page 5: Spring photo contest



Doeren adds in-state talent to roster N.C. State head football coach Dave Doeren has announced that three talented players from the state of North Carolina will join the Wolfpack squad this fall: New Bern’s Josh Taylor, Lucas Wilson from Winston-Salem and Ben Grazen, who lives in nearby Cary. Taylor, a 5-11, 185-pound quarterback, rewrote the record books during his time at New Bern High School, leading his prep squad to the 4A state title in 2012. Wilson, a 6-4, 240-pound tight end, played at Mr. Tabor High School, where he was rated among the top players in the nation at his position. As a junior, he caught 22 passes for 420 yards and four touchdowns. He missed the majority of his senior campaign with an injury. Grazen, a running back from Cardinal Gibbons High School, rushed for 815 yards and seven touchdowns on 126 carries in 2012, while also catching 22 passes for 286 yards and another three scores. At 5-10, 182 pounds, he averaged 11.8 yards on 12 punt returns. SOURCE: N.C. STATE ATHLETICS


Doeren faced with tough decision at QB Jonathan Stout


Senior Staff Writer

April 2013 Su


Sophomore quarterback Manny Stocker takes part in a drill during spring practice at the Dail Football Practice Complex Tuesday, March 19, 2013.











Sa 6

























Wednesday SOFTBALL V. CAMPBELL Buies Creek, N.C., 4 and 6 p.m. Friday MEN’S TENNIS V. BOSTON COLLEGE Chestnut Hill, Mass., 3 p.m. BASEBALL V. BOSTON COLLEGE Chestnut Hill, Mass., 2:30 p.m. Saturday WOMEN’S TENNIS V. BOSTON COLLEGE J.W. Isenhour Tennis Complex, noon SOFTBALL V. NORTH CAROLINA Dail Field, 1 and 3 p.m. BASEBALL V. BOSTON COLLEGE Chestnut Hill, Mass., 1:30 p.m. TRACK AT NORTH CAROLINA Chapel Hill, N.C., All Day SOFTBALL VS. UNC-CH Dail Softball Park, 3 p.m. Sunday WOMEN’S TENNIS V. MARYLAND Isenhower Tennis Center, 12 p.m. BASEBALL AT BOSTON COLLEGE Chestnut Hill, Mass, 12 p.m. SOFTBALL VS. UNC-CH Dail Softball Park, 1 p.m. Tuesday BASEBALL AT CHARLOTTE Charlotte, N.C., 6 p.m. April 17 TRACK AT ACC OUTDOORS Raleigh, N.C., All Day April 18 TRACK AT ACC OUTDOORS Raleigh, N.C., All Day

QUOTE OF THE DAY “When the ball was hit off the bat, I was not sure it was going to get over the shortstop’s head. Luckily for us, it did.” baseball head coach Elliott Avent

With former quarterback Mike Glennon’s departure from the football program, newly appointed head coach Dave Doeren has a big decision – whether to start redshirt junior Pete Thomas or sophomore Manny Stocker at quarterback. Doeren’s philosophy at Northern Illinois last season, eventually leading to a BCS Discover

Orange Bowl berth, is no secret — a dual threat quarterback. Last season with the Huskies, Doeren had quarterback Jordan Lynch under center. Lynch excelled in Doeren’s system, throwing for more than 3,000 yards, rushing for 1,815 yards and accounting for a combined 44 touchdowns. Now, at N.C. State, Thomas and Stocker are the front-runners for the starting quarterback position, both with a very different skill set. Thomas is more of a pocket passer

while Stocker has the wheels to make a play with his feet, completing a pass on the run or taking the ball up the field himself. Thomas, who sat out last season after transferring from Colorado State, started two years for the Rams, throwing for 4,269 yards and 18 touchdowns with a quarterback rating of 121.17. In his freshman season, Thomas broke the Colorado State single-season record with a .647 completion percentage. Stocker has attempted two passes

at the collegiate level, both incompletions, in limited playing time last season. In his senior season, at Coatesville high school, Stocker passed for more than 1,500 yards, 20 passing touchdowns and 10 rushing. At 6-foot-1, 212 pounds, Stocker may fit the bill for Doeren’s offense if he decides to stick with the same game plan at State. If Doeren decides to go with expe-

QB continued page 7

Stellar pitching shuts out, sinks Pirates Daniel Wilson

struck out one Pirate batter en route to the win. Sophomore pitcher Travis Orwig The N.C. State baseball team entered the game with one out in (25-10, 8-7 ACC) survived a the seventh inning and finished the pitcher’s duel Tuesday night as inning with a strikeout. In the top it shut out non-conference rival of the eighth, he walked the leadoff East Carolina (15-18, 1-5 C-USA) hitter, forcing Avent to replace him in front of a midweek attendance with senior pitcher Josh Easley. Earecord 2,951 fans, 2-0. sley allowed a hit and struck out one “It is a great eastern North in his only inning of work. Carolina rivalry,” head coach Redshirt senior pitcher Grant Elliott Avent said. “Through Sasser came to the mound and the years, they have always been pitched a one-hit, one-strikeout close games, and there are always ninth to record his third save of the great crowds. It means a lot to the season. fans and it is always nice to win.” Neither team earned the edge on “The crowd was awesome,” se- the other as both team were held to nior first baseman Tarran Senay the minimum nine batters through said. “It looked like it was a full three innings as well as having one stadium. Hopefully we can get baserunner caught stealing. more of those crowds for the rest Sophomore shortstop Trea Turnof the season.” er, who reached Freshman first base on an erpitcher Karl Keror by East Caroglovits started lina junior third the game and baseman Zach a l l owe d t wo Houchins with two hits with one outs in the first instrikeout in 4.2 ning, stole second innings in his base but was caught third start for stealing third base Head coach Elliott Avent the Wolfpack. for the third out. In the fifth, Turner stole anKeglovits gave up a leadoff single. other base in the fourth inning After two groundouts moved the and is now three steals away from runner to third, Avent pulled the tying Tom Sergio’s school record of plug on him. 73 career bases swiped set in 1997. “If we would have scored in the It was not until the sixth inning last inning where he would have that the only runs of the game were qualified for the win, we would scored. have let him face [East Carolina Senior center fielder Brett Wiljunior first baseman Chase] Mc- liams was hit by a rogue pitch from Donald,” Avent said. “McDonald the Pirates’ starter, freshman pitcher had a decent at bat against him Nick Durazo (0-3, 7.04 ERA), and last time, and we wanted to go moved to second on a wild pitch. with a fresh arm that McDonald Sophomore Jake Fincher walked had not seen in that situation.” in the next plate appearance, forcJunior pitcher Andrew Woeck ing East Carolina head coach Billy (3-1, 3.47 ERA) took over where Goodwin to pull Durazo for Pirate Keglovits left off and only al- redshirt junior pitcher Brett Mabry. lowed a hit in 1.2 innings. Woeck After Mabry struck out Turner Staff Writer

“It is a great eastern North Carolina rivalry... it is always nice to win.”


Sophmore second baseman Logan Ratledge throws to first base during the N.C. State victory against East Carolina on April 9. The 2-0 win improves the Wolfpack record to 25-10 overall and 8-7 in the ACC. The Pack’s next home appearance will be at 6 pm on April 23 against Davidson College.

and sophomore catcher Brett Austin swinging, Senay came to the plate and hit a bloop single into left-center field. Fincher and Williams, who had moved up to second and third base on a passed ball, both scored on the play. “When the ball was hit off the bat, I was not sure it was going to get over the shortstop’s head,” Avent said. “Luckily for us, it did.”

“It was a big hit,” Senay said. “It was good to get those two runs since we were struggling for a little bit.” The Pack will be on the road for the next two weeks starting on Friday when State will face the Boston College Eagles in a three-game series in Chestnut Hill, Mass. The team will return to Doak Field on Apr. 23 to face Davidson at 6 pm.

Technician - April 10, 2013  

Panel record past, predict future for women

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