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AMERICA’S TOMORROW: A PROFILE OF LATINO YOUTH BY  MARGUERITE  MOELLER*

dŚĞ>ĂƟŶŽ†ƉŽƉƵůĂƟŽŶŝƐŽŶĞŽĨƚŚĞLJŽƵŶŐĞƐƚ ĂŶĚĨĂƐƚĞƐƚͲŐƌŽǁŝŶŐƉŽƉƵůĂƟŽŶƐŝŶƚŚĞhŶŝƚĞĚ ^ƚĂƚĞƐ͘tŚŝůĞƚŚĞƐŚĂƌĞŽĨĂůů>ĂƟŶŽƐĂŐĞƐ ϭϱʹϮϰŚĂƐƌĞŵĂŝŶĞĚĨĂŝƌůLJĐŽŶƐƚĂŶƚŽǀĞƌƚŚĞ ƉĂƐƚĚĞĐĂĚĞ͕ƚŚĞ>ĂƟŶŽƉŽƉƵůĂƟŽŶƵŶĚĞƌƚŚĞ ĂŐĞŽĨϭϰŐƌĞǁďLJϯ͘ϮŵŝůůŝŽŶƉĞŽƉůĞďĞƚǁĞĞŶ ϮϬϬϬĂŶĚϮϬϬϴĂŶĚŶŽǁĐŽŶƐƟƚƵƚĞƐϮϮ͘ϰй ŽĨĂůůĐŚŝůĚƌĞŶĂŐĞϭϰĂŶĚLJŽƵŶŐĞƌ͕ĐŽŵƉĂƌĞĚ ƚŽϭϳ͘ϰйŝŶϮϬϬϬ͘ϷƐƚŚĞĚĂƚĂďĞůŽǁƌĞŇĞĐƚ͕ >ĂƟŶŽLJŽƵƚŚĞdžƉĞƌŝĞŶĐĞŚŝŐŚůĞǀĞůƐŽĨƉŽǀĞƌƚLJ͕ ŚŝŐŚĚƌŽƉŽƵƚƌĂƚĞƐ͕ůŽǁŐƌĂĚƵĂƟŽŶƌĂƚĞƐ͕ĂŶĚ ŚŝŐŚƵŶĞŵƉůŽLJŵĞŶƚƌĂƚĞƐ͘'ŝǀĞŶĚĞŵŽŐƌĂƉŚŝĐ ƉƌŽũĞĐƟŽŶƐǁŚŝĐŚĞƐƟŵĂƚĞƚŚĂƚ>ĂƟŶŽƐǁŝůů ĐŽŵƉŽƐĞĂďŽƵƚϯϬйŽĨƚŚĞh͘^͘ƉŽƉƵůĂƟŽŶ ďLJϮϬϱϬ͕ƚŚĞƐĞĐŚĂůůĞŶŐĞƐĂƌĞƐŝŐŶŝĮĐĂŶƚĂŶĚ ƉƌĞƐƐŝŶŐĨŽƌƚŚĞŶĂƟŽŶĂƐĂǁŚŽůĞ͘‡

>d/EK^t/>>^KKEKDWK^ ϮϬйK&>>zKhd,/Ed, hE/d^dd^͘ ,ŝƐƉĂŶŝĐƐŵĂĚĞƵƉϭϱ͘ϰйŽĨƚŚĞƚŽƚĂů ƉŽƉƵůĂƟŽŶŽĨƚŚĞhŶŝƚĞĚ^ƚĂƚĞƐŝŶϮϬϬϴ͘ϸKĨƚŚĞ ŶĞĂƌůLJϰϳŵŝůůŝŽŶ,ŝƐƉĂŶŝĐƐŝŶƚŚĞhŶŝƚĞĚ^ƚĂƚĞƐ ƚŚĂƚLJĞĂƌ͕ϳ͘ϲŵŝůůŝŽŶ;ϭϲ͘ϯйͿǁĞƌĞďĞƚǁĞĞŶƚŚĞ ĂŐĞƐŽĨϭϱĂŶĚϮϰ͕ϹĂƐŚĂƌĞŽĨƚŚĞƉŽƉƵůĂƟŽŶ ƚŚĂƚǁĂƐƐůŝŐŚƚůLJŐƌĞĂƚĞƌƚŚĂŶƚŚĞƐŚĂƌĞŽĨ tŚŝƚĞƐ;ϭϱ͘ϯйͿϺĂŶĚƐůŝŐŚƚůLJůĞƐƐƚŚĂŶƚŚĞƐŚĂƌĞ ŽĨůĂĐŬƐ;ϭϳ͘ϰйͿŽĨƚŚĞƐĂŵĞĂŐĞ͘ϻ>ĂƟŶŽ LJŽƵƚŚĂƌĞĂůƐŽĂƐŝŐŶŝĮĐĂŶƚƉĂƌƚŽĨƚŚĞŽǀĞƌĂůů LJŽƵƚŚƉŽƉƵůĂƟŽŶŝŶƚŚĞhŶŝƚĞĚ^ƚĂƚĞƐ͘/ŶϮϬϬϴ͕ ƚŚĞƌĞǁĞƌĞĂďŽƵƚϰϯŵŝůůŝŽŶLJŽƵƚŚĂŐĞƐϭϱʹϮϰ͖ϼ ŵŽƌĞƚŚĂŶŽŶĞŝŶƐŝdž;ϭϳ͘ϴйͿǁĞƌĞ>ĂƟŶŽ͘Ͻ

d,s^dD:KZ/dzK&>d/EK zKhd,ZhE/d^dd^ /d/E^͘ dŚĞŵĂũŽƌŝƚLJŽĨ>ĂƟŶŽƐĂŐĞƐϭϱʹϮϰĂƌĞhŶŝƚĞĚ ^ƚĂƚĞƐĐŝƟnjĞŶƐ͘/ŶϮϬϬϴ͕ϳϬ͘ϰйŽĨ>ĂƟŶŽƐŝŶƚŚŝƐ ĂŐĞŐƌŽƵƉǁĞƌĞďŽƌŶŝŶƚŚĞhŶŝƚĞĚ^ƚĂƚĞƐĂŶĚ ĂŶĂĚĚŝƟŽŶĂůϯ͘ϵйǁĞƌĞŶĂƚƵƌĂůŝnjĞĚĐŝƟnjĞŶƐ͘/Ŷ ƚŽƚĂů͕ŶĞĂƌůLJƚŚƌĞĞŽƵƚŽĨĨŽƵƌ;ϳϰ͘ϯйͿ>ĂƟŶŽƐ ĂŐĞƐϭϱʹϮϰǁĞƌĞhŶŝƚĞĚ^ƚĂƚĞƐĐŝƟnjĞŶƐŝŶϮϬϬϴ ;ƐĞĞ&ŝŐƵƌĞϭͿ͘Ͼ                    Figure  1: ,ŝƐƉĂŶŝĐzŽƵƚŚŐĞƐϭϱʹϮϰďLJŝƟnjĞŶƐŚŝƉ Status,  2008

Ϯϱ͘ϳй

ϳϰ͘ϯй

ŝƟnjĞŶ

EŽŶĐŝƟnjĞŶ

Source:^ƚĞǀĞŶZƵŐŐůĞƐĞƚĂů͕͘/ŶƚĞŐƌĂƚĞĚWƵďůŝĐhƐĞ DŝĐƌŽĚĂƚĂ^ĞƌŝĞƐ͗sĞƌƐŝŽŶϰ͘Ϭ;DŝŶŶĞĂƉŽůŝƐ͕DE͗ DŝŶŶĞƐŽƚĂWŽƉƵůĂƟŽŶĞŶƚĞƌ͕ϮϬϬϵͿ͘

dŚĞƉƌŽĚƵĐƟŽŶŽĨƚŚŝƐƐƚĂƟƐƟĐĂůďƌŝĞĨǁĂƐŵĂĚĞƉŽƐƐŝďůĞďLJĨƵŶĚŝŶŐĨƌŽŵƚŚĞƚůĂŶƟĐWŚŝůĂŶƚŚƌŽƉŝĞƐ͕ƚŚĞ&ŽƌĚ&ŽƵŶĚĂƟŽŶ͕ ĂŶĚƚŚĞ:ŽŚŶ͘ĂŶĚĂƚŚĞƌŝŶĞd͘DĂĐƌƚŚƵƌ&ŽƵŶĚĂƟŽŶ͘ † dŚĞƚĞƌŵƐ͞,ŝƐƉĂŶŝĐ͟ĂŶĚ͞>ĂƟŶŽ͟ĂƌĞƵƐĞĚŝŶƚĞƌĐŚĂŶŐĞĂďůLJďLJƚŚĞh͘^͘ĞŶƐƵƐƵƌĞĂƵĂŶĚƚŚƌŽƵŐŚŽƵƚƚŚŝƐĚŽĐƵŵĞŶƚƚŽƌĞĨĞƌ ƚŽƉĞƌƐŽŶƐŽĨDĞdžŝĐĂŶ͕WƵĞƌƚŽZŝĐĂŶ͕ƵďĂŶ͕ĞŶƚƌĂůĂŶĚ^ŽƵƚŚŵĞƌŝĐĂŶ͕ŽŵŝŶŝĐĂŶ͕^ƉĂŶŝƐŚ͕ĂŶĚŽƚŚĞƌ,ŝƐƉĂŶŝĐĚĞƐĐĞŶƚ͖ ƚŚĞLJŵĂLJďĞŽĨĂŶLJƌĂĐĞ͘ ‡   dŚŽƵŐŚŝŶƚŚŝƐƐƚĂƟƐƟĐĂůďƌŝĞĨĞǀĞƌLJĞīŽƌƚǁĂƐŵĂĚĞƚŽŚŝŐŚůŝŐŚƚĚĂƚĂĨŽƌLJŽƵƚŚĂŐĞƐϭϱʹϮϰ͕ŶŽƚĂůůƐĂůŝĞŶƚƚŽƉŝĐƐŚĂǀĞĚĂƚĂ ĂǀĂŝůĂďůĞƐƉĞĐŝĮĐĂůůLJĨŽƌƚŚĂƚĂŐĞƌĂŶŐĞ͖ŝŶƚŚŽƐĞĐĂƐĞƐ͕ƚŚĞĂǀĂŝůĂďůĞĂŐĞƌĂŶŐĞƐĂƌĞƵƐĞĚ͘ *

www.nclr.org

STATISTICAL BRIEF

INTRODUCTION


A M E R I C A ’ S   T O M O R R O W :     A   P R O F I L E   O F   L A T I N O   Y O U T H

d,^,ZK&>d/EKzKhd,'Zt /Eϰϱ^dd^^/EϮϬϬϬ͘

22

ǀŝƐŝďůĞƉƌĞƐĞŶĐĞŝŶƐƚĂƚĞƐǁŝƚŚŚŝƐƚŽƌŝĐĂůůLJůŽǁ ŶƵŵďĞƌƐŽĨ>ĂƟŶŽLJŽƵƚŚ͘dŚĞƐŝnjĞŽĨƚŚĞ>ĂƟŶŽ LJŽƵƚŚƉŽƉƵůĂƟŽŶŐƌĞǁŝŶŶĞĂƌůLJĞǀĞƌLJƐƚĂƚĞ ďĞƚǁĞĞŶϮϬϬϬĂŶĚϮϬϬϴ͕ǁŝƚŚƚŚĞŐƌĞĂƚĞƐƚŐƌŽǁƚŚ ƌĂƚĞƐŽĐĐƵƌƌŝŶŐŝŶtĞƐƚsŝƌŐŝŶŝĂ;ϵϲйͿĂŶĚůĂƐŬĂ ;ϳϳ͘ϱйͿΎ;ƐĞĞdĂďůĞϮͿ͕ϷϷĂŶĚƚŚĞƐŚĂƌĞŽĨLJŽƵƚŚ ǁŚŽĂƌĞ,ŝƐƉĂŶŝĐŐƌĞǁŝŶϰϱƐƚĂƚĞƐďĞƚǁĞĞŶ ϮϬϬϬĂŶĚϮϬϬϴ͘dŚĞƐƚĂƚĞƐŝŶǁŚŝĐŚƚŚŝƐŐƌŽǁƚŚ ƌĂƚĞǁĂƐŐƌĞĂƚĞƐƚǁĞƌĞtĞƐƚsŝƌŐŝŶŝĂ;ϭϬϲ͘ϰйͿ͕ DĂŝŶĞ;ϰϲ͘ϱйͿ͕ƌŬĂŶƐĂƐ;ϰϮ͘ϴйͿ͕ůĂƐŬĂ;ϰϭ͘ϵйͿ͕ >ŽƵŝƐŝĂŶĂ;ϯϱ͘ϳйͿ͕DŝƐƐŝƐƐŝƉƉŝ;ϯϱ͘ϲйͿ͕EĞǁ ,ĂŵƉƐŚŝƌĞ;ϯϰ͘ϮйͿ͕DŝƐƐŽƵƌŝ;Ϯϳ͘ϲйͿ͕/ĚĂŚŽ ;Ϯϱ͘ϳйͿ͕ĂŶĚ/ŽǁĂ;Ϯϯ͘ϳйͿϷϸ;ƐĞĞƉƉĞŶĚŝdžͿ͘

>ĂƟŶŽƐĂŐĞƐϭϱʹϮϰĂƌĞĐŽŶĐĞŶƚƌĂƚĞĚŝŶƐĞǀĞƌĂů ƐƚĂƚĞƐ͘/ŶϮϬϬϴ͕ŵŽƌĞƚŚĂŶƚǁŽŽƵƚŽĨƚŚƌĞĞ ;ϲϳ͘ϰйͿ>ĂƟŶŽƐĂŐĞƐϭϱʹϮϰůŝǀĞĚŝŶĂůŝĨŽƌŶŝĂ͕ dĞdžĂƐ͕&ůŽƌŝĚĂ͕EĞǁzŽƌŬ͕Žƌ/ůůŝŶŽŝƐ͘Ͽ&ƵƌƚŚĞƌŵŽƌĞ͕ ŝŶƚŚĂƚƐĂŵĞLJĞĂƌƚŚĞLJŵĂĚĞƵƉŶĞĂƌůLJŽŶĞͲƚŚŝƌĚ ;ϯϯйͿŽĨĂƐƚĂƚĞ͛ƐLJŽƵƚŚƉŽƉƵůĂƟŽŶŝŶĨŽƵƌƐƚĂƚĞƐ͗ EĞǁDĞdžŝĐŽ;ϱϬ͘ϰйͿ͕ĂůŝĨŽƌŶŝĂ;ϰϮ͘ϰйͿ͕dĞdžĂƐ ;ϰϬ͘ϭйͿ͕ĂŶĚƌŝnjŽŶĂ;ϯϲ͘ϯйͿ;ƐĞĞdĂďůĞϭͿ͘Ϸ϶ dŚŽƵŐŚĐŽŶĐĞŶƚƌĂƚĞĚŝŶƐĞǀĞƌĂůƐƚĂƚĞƐ͕>ĂƟŶŽ LJŽƵƚŚĂŐĞƐϭϱʹϮϰĂƌĞĚĞǀĞůŽƉŝŶŐĂŶŝŶĐƌĞĂƐŝŶŐůLJ

Table  1:    Top  Ten  States  with  the  Greatest  Share  of  Hispanic  Youth,  2008 State

WĞƌĐĞŶƚŽĨ^ƚĂƚĞzŽƵƚŚWŽƉƵůĂƟŽŶ

Number  of  Youth

New  Mexico

ϱϬ͘ϰ

ϭϰϲ͕ϴϱϮ

California

ϰϮ͘ϰ

Ϯ͕ϯϯϭ͕Ϯϳϰ

Texas  

ϰϬ͘ϭ

ϭ͕ϰϮϮ͕ϯϲϵ

ƌŝnjŽŶĂ

ϯϲ͘ϯ

ϯϭϲ͕ϯϴϯ

Nevada

ϯϬ͘Ϯ

ϵϵ͕ϰϯϮ

Florida

Ϯϯ͘ϯ

ϱϰϮ͕ϭϲϭ

Colorado

Ϯϯ͘Ϭ

ϭϱϰ͕Ϭϴϴ

New  Jersey

ϭϴ͘ϲ

ϮϭϬ͕ϲϱϭ

New  York

ϭϴ͘ϲ

ϱϮϯ͕ϮϮϰ

Illinois

ϭϳ͘ϯ

ϯϮϯ͕ϳϴϵ

STATISTICAL BRIEF

Sources:h͘^͘ĞŶƐƵƐƵƌĞĂƵ͕͞dĂďůĞϬϭϬϬϭ/͗^ĞdžďLJŐĞ;,ŝƐƉĂŶŝĐŽƌ>ĂƟŶŽͿ͕͟2008  American  Community  Survey͘ tĂƐŚŝŶŐƚŽŶ͕͕ϮϬϬϵ͖ĂŶĚh͘^͘ĞŶƐƵƐƵƌĞĂƵ͕͞dĂďůĞϬϭϬϬϭ͗^ĞdžďLJŐĞ͕͟2008  American  Community  Survey͘ tĂƐŚŝŶŐƚŽŶ͕͕ϮϬϬϵ͘

ΎƵĞƚŽƐŵĂůůƉŽƉƵůĂƟŽŶƐŝnjĞ͕ƚŚĞƐĞĮŐƵƌĞƐŚĂǀĞĂŚŝŐŚŵĂƌŐŝŶŽĨĞƌƌŽƌ͘


A M E R I C A ’ S   T O M O R R O W :     A   P R O F I L E   O F   L A T I N O   Y O U T H

dĂďůĞϮ͗dŽƉdĞŶ^ƚĂƚĞƐǁŝƚŚƚŚĞ'ƌĞĂƚĞƐƚWĞƌĐĞŶƚŚĂŶŐĞŝŶƚŚĞ^ŝnjĞŽĨƚŚĞ,ŝƐƉĂŶŝĐzŽƵƚŚWŽƉƵůĂƟŽŶ                                  between  2000  and  2008 State

Percent  Change

Change  in  Number  of  Youth

West  Virginia

ϵϲ͘Ϭ

Ϯ͕ϮϬϭ

Alaska

ϳϳ͘ϱ

ϯ͕ϱϴϵ

Maine

ϱϯ͘ϳ

ϵϴϴ

New  Hampshire

ϱϮ͘ϳ

Ϯ͕ϬϯϬ

Arkansas

ϱϬ͘ϲ

ϵ͕ϱϴϴ

Nevada

ϯϳ͘ϯ

Ϯϳ͕Ϭϭϴ

Idaho

ϯϱ͘ϯ

ϳ͕ϰϰϬ

Mississippi

ϯϱ͘Ϭ

Ϯ͕ϵϳϵ

Missouri

ϯϱ͘Ϭ

ϴ͕ϰϰϭ

Pennsylvania

ϯϮ͘ϵ

Ϯϰ͕ϴϱϳ

ϯ

Sources:h͘^͘ĞŶƐƵƐƵƌĞĂƵ͕͞dĂďůĞϬϭϬϬϭ/͗^ĞdžďLJŐĞ;,ŝƐƉĂŶŝĐŽƌ>ĂƟŶŽͿ͕͟2008  American  Community  Survey͘ tĂƐŚŝŶŐƚŽŶ͕͕ϮϬϬϵ͖ĂŶĚh͘^͘ĞŶƐƵƐƵƌĞĂƵ͕͞dĂďůĞWϭϮ,͗^ĞdžďLJŐĞ;,ŝƐƉĂŶŝĐŽƌ>ĂƟŶŽͿ͕͟Census  2000͘tĂƐŚŝŶŐƚŽŶ͕ ͕ϮϬϬϬ͘

d,D:KZ/dzK&,/^WE/zKhd, >/st/d,dtKWZEd^͘ /ŶϮϬϬϴ͕ĂďŽƵƚϱϲ͘ϱйŽĨ,ŝƐƉĂŶŝĐLJŽƵƚŚĂŐĞƐϭϱʹϭϵ ůŝǀĞĚǁŝƚŚƚǁŽƉĂƌĞŶƚƐ͕ĐŽŵƉĂƌĞĚƚŽϲϯйŽĨtŚŝƚĞ LJŽƵƚŚĂŶĚϯϮйŽĨůĂĐŬLJŽƵƚŚ͘:ƵƐƚƐůŝŐŚƚůLJŵŽƌĞ ƚŚĂŶŽŶĞŝŶĨŽƵƌ;Ϯϳ͘ϴйͿ,ŝƐƉĂŶŝĐLJŽƵƚŚůŝǀĞĚǁŝƚŚ ŽŶůLJƚŚĞŝƌŵŽƚŚĞƌŝŶϮϬϬϴ͕ĂŐƌĞĂƚĞƌƉŽƌƚŝŽŶƚŚĂŶ tŚŝƚĞLJŽƵƚŚ;ϭϳйͿďƵƚŵƵĐŚůĞƐƐƚŚĂŶůĂĐŬLJŽƵƚŚ ;ϱϬйͿ͘&ƵƌƚŚĞƌŵŽƌĞ͕ĂďŽƵƚϴ͘ϴйŽĨ,ŝƐƉĂŶŝĐLJŽƵƚŚ ĂŐĞƐϭϱʹϭϵůŝǀĞĚǁŝƚŚŽŶůLJƚŚĞŝƌĨĂƚŚĞƌŝŶϮϬϬϴ͕ ǁŚŝĐŚŝƐƐůŝŐŚƚůLJŵŽƌĞƚŚĂŶƚŚĞŝƌtŚŝƚĞ;ϲ͘ϲйͿĂŶĚ ůĂĐŬ;ϳйͿƉĞĞƌƐ͘ϷϹ

KE/E&KhZh͘^͘zKhd,/E WKsZdz/^>d/EK͘

ϯϬй

Ϯϴ͘ϰй Ϯϰ͘Ϯй

ϮϬй

ϭϯ͘ϯй

ϭϬй 0 ,ŝƐƉĂŶŝĐ

ůĂĐŬ

tŚŝƚĞ

Source:    h͘^͘ĞŶƐƵƐƵƌĞĂƵ͕͞WKsϯϰ͗^ŝŶŐůĞzĞĂƌ ŽĨŐĞͶWŽǀĞƌƚLJ^ƚĂƚƵƐ͗ϮϬϬϴ͕͟ƵƌƌĞŶƚWŽƉƵůĂƟŽŶ Survey,  2009  Annual  Social  and  Economic  Supplement͘ tĂƐŚŝŶŐƚŽŶ͕͕ϮϬϬϵ͘

STATISTICAL BRIEF

/ŶϮϬϬϴ͕ŶĞĂƌůLJŽŶĞͲƋƵĂƌƚĞƌ;Ϯϰ͘ϮйͿŽĨ>ĂƚŝŶŽƐĂŐĞƐ ϭϱʹϮϰͶŶĞĂƌůLJϭ͘ϴŵŝůůŝŽŶƉĞŽƉůĞͶůŝǀĞĚďĞůŽǁ ϭϬϬйŽĨƚŚĞĨĞĚĞƌĂůƉŽǀĞƌƚLJůĞǀĞů;&W>Ϳ͘dŚĂƚƐŚĂƌĞ ŝƐƐůŝŐŚƚůLJůŽǁĞƌƚŚĂŶƚŚĞϮϴ͘ϰйŽĨĐŽƌƌĞƐƉŽŶĚŝŶŐ ůĂĐŬLJŽƵƚŚ͕ďƵƚŝƚŝƐŶĞĂƌůLJĚŽƵďůĞƚŚĞϭϯ͘ϯйŽĨ tŚŝƚĞLJŽƵƚŚ;ƐĞĞ&ŝŐƵƌĞϮͿ͘ϷϺ>ĂƚŝŶŽLJŽƵƚŚĂƌĞ ĂůƐŽĚŝƐƉƌŽƉŽƌƚŝŽŶĂƚĞůLJƉŽŽƌĐŽŵƉĂƌĞĚƚŽƚŚĞ ǁŝĚĞƌLJŽƵƚŚƉŽƉƵůĂƚŝŽŶ͘dŚŽƵŐŚ>ĂƚŝŶŽƐĂŐĞƐ ϭϱʹϮϰŵĂŬĞƵƉĂďŽƵƚϭϳ͘ϵйŽĨƚŚĞŶĂƚŝŽŶĂůLJŽƵƚŚ ƉŽƉƵůĂƚŝŽŶ͕ƚŚĞLJĂĐĐŽƵŶƚĨŽƌϮϰ͘ϮйŽĨĂůůLJŽƵƚŚ ůŝǀŝŶŐƵŶĚĞƌϭϬϬйŽĨƚŚĞ&W>;ƐĞĞ&ŝŐƵƌĞϯͿ͘ϷϻDŽƌĞŽǀĞƌ͕ ŶĞĂƌůLJƚǁŽŝŶĨŝǀĞ;ϯϴ͘ϴйͿ>ĂƚŝŶŽƐĂŐĞƐϭϱʹϮϰůŝǀĞ ďĞůŽǁϭϱϬйŽĨƚŚĞ&W>͕ƚŚŽƐĞĐŽŶƐŝĚĞƌĞĚƚŽďĞĂƚ ŽƌŶĞĂƌƉŽǀĞƌƚLJ͘Ϸϼ

Figure  2: U.S.  Youth  Ages  15–24  Living  Below  100%  of   the  Federal  Poverty  Level  by  Race/Ethnicity


A M E R I C A ’ S   T O M O R R O W :     A   P R O F I L E   O F   L A T I N O   Y O U T H

Figure  3:   Total  U.S.  Youth  Ages  15–24  Living  Below   100%  of  the  Federal  Poverty  Level  by  Race/ Ethnicity,  2008 Ϭ͘ϰй

4

ϭ͘ϲй

Figure  4:   Status  Dropout  Rate  of  Youth  Ages  16–24   by  Race/Ethnicity,  2007

Ϯϱй

ϯ͘ϴй

Ϯϭй

ϮϬй

ϭ͘ϱй

ϭϱй ϭϬй

Ϯϰ͘Ϯй

ϴ͘ϰй

Ϯϰ͘Ϯй

Ϭй ,ŝƐƉĂŶŝĐ ϰϱ͘ϱй

tŚŝƚĞ

ůĂĐŬ

ƐŝĂŶ

ŵĞƌŝĐĂŶ /ŶĚŝĂŶͬ ůĂƐŬĂ EĂƟǀĞ

EĂƟǀĞ ,ĂǁĂŝŝĂŶͬ WĂĐŝĮĐ /ƐůĂŶĚĞƌ

Source:E>ZĐĂůĐƵůĂƟŽŶƵƐŝŶŐh͘^͘ĞŶƐƵƐƵƌĞĂƵ͕ ͞ƵƌƌĞŶƚWŽƉƵůĂƟŽŶ^ƵƌǀĞLJ;W^ͿdĂďůĞƌĞĂƚŽƌ͕͟,ŽƵƐŝŶŐ ĂŶĚ,ŽƵƐĞŚŽůĚĐŽŶŽŵŝĐ^ƚĂƟƐƟĐƐŝǀŝƐŝŽŶ͕ŚƩƉ͗ͬͬǁǁǁ͘ ĐĞŶƐƵƐ͘ŐŽǀͬŚŚĞƐͬǁǁǁͬĐƉƐƚĐͬĐƉƐͺƚĂďůĞͺĐƌĞĂƚŽƌ͘Śƚŵů   ;ĂĐĐĞƐƐĞĚĞĐĞŵďĞƌϭϴ͕ϮϬϬϵͿ͘

KE/E&/s>d/EKzKhd,,^ ZKWWKhdK&,/',^,KK>͘

STATISTICAL BRIEF

ůĂĐŬ

tŚŝƚĞ

Source͗͘&͘ĂƚĂůĚŝ͕:͘>ĂŝƌĚ͕͘ĂŶĚ͘<ĞǁĂůZĂŵĂŶŝ͕ ,ŝŐŚ^ĐŚŽŽůƌŽƉŽƵƚĂŶĚŽŵƉůĞƟŽŶZĂƚĞƐŝŶƚŚĞhŶŝƚĞĚ States:  2007͘EĂƟŽŶĂůĞŶƚĞƌĨŽƌĚƵĐĂƟŽŶ^ƚĂƟƐƟĐƐ͘ tĂƐŚŝŶŐƚŽŶ͕͕ϮϬϬϵ͕dĂďůĞϲ͘

,ŝƐƉĂŶŝĐ

dǁŽŽƌ ŵŽƌĞƌĂĐĞƐ

ϱ͘ϯй

ϱй

>ĂƟŶŽLJŽƵƚŚĂƌĞĚŝƐƉƌŽƉŽƌƟŽŶĂƚĞůLJĚŝƐĐŽŶŶĞĐƚĞĚ ĨƌŽŵƐĐŚŽŽů͘Ύ/ŶϮϬϬϳ͕ŵŽƌĞƚŚĂŶŽŶĞŝŶĮǀĞ ;Ϯϭ͘ϰйͿ>ĂƟŶŽƐĂŐĞƐϭϲʹϮϰǁĞƌĞƐƚĂƚƵƐĚƌŽƉŽƵƚƐͶ ƉĞŽƉůĞǁŚŽůĂĐŬĂŚŝŐŚƐĐŚŽŽůĚŝƉůŽŵĂĂŶĚĂƌĞ ŶŽƚĞŶƌŽůůĞĚŝŶŚŝŐŚƐĐŚŽŽů͕ƌĞŐĂƌĚůĞƐƐŽĨǁŚĞŶ ƚŚĞLJĚƌŽƉƉĞĚŽƵƚͶĐŽŵƉĂƌĞĚƚŽϴ͘ϰйŽĨůĂĐŬƐ ĂŶĚϱ͘ϯйŽĨtŚŝƚĞƐ;ƐĞĞ&ŝŐƵƌĞϰͿ͘ϷϽdŚĞƐƚĂƚƵƐ ĐŽŵƉůĞƟŽŶƌĂƚĞ͕ǁŚŝĐŚŝŶĚŝĐĂƚĞƐƚŚĞƉĞƌĐĞŶƚŽĨ ƉĞŽƉůĞǁŚŽŚĂǀĞůĞŌŚŝŐŚƐĐŚŽŽůĂŶĚŚŽůĚĂŚŝŐŚ ƐĐŚŽŽůĚŝƉůŽŵĂŽƌƚŚĞĞƋƵŝǀĂůĞŶƚ͕ǁĂƐϳϮ͘ϳйĨŽƌ ,ŝƐƉĂŶŝĐƐĂŐĞƐϭϴʹϮϰ͕ůŽǁĞƌƚŚĂŶƚŚĞƌĂƚĞĨŽƌůĂĐŬ ;ϴϴ͘ϴйͿĂŶĚtŚŝƚĞ;ϵϯ͘ϱйͿLJŽƵƚŚ;ƐĞĞ&ŝŐƵƌĞϱͿ͘ϷϾ

Figure  5:   ^ƚĂƚƵƐŽŵƉůĞƟŽŶZĂƚĞŽĨzŽƵƚŚŐĞƐ 18–24  by  Race/Ethnicity,  2007

ϭϬϬй ϴϬй

ϴϴ͘ϴй

ϵϯ͘ϱй

ϳϮ͘ϳй

ϲϬй ϰϬй ϮϬй Ϭй ,ŝƐƉĂŶŝĐ

ůĂĐŬ

tŚŝƚĞ

Source͗͘&͘ĂƚĂůĚŝ͕:͘>ĂŝƌĚ͕͘ĂŶĚ͘<ĞǁĂůZĂŵĂŶŝ͕ ,ŝŐŚ^ĐŚŽŽůƌŽƉŽƵƚĂŶĚŽŵƉůĞƟŽŶZĂƚĞƐŝŶƚŚĞhŶŝƚĞĚ States:  2007.EĂƟŽŶĂůĞŶƚĞƌĨŽƌĚƵĐĂƟŽŶ^ƚĂƟƐƟĐƐ͘ tĂƐŚŝŶŐƚŽŶ͕͕ϮϬϬϵ͕dĂďůĞϵ͘

Ύ&ŽƌŵŽƌĞŝŶĨŽƌŵĂƟŽŶŽŶ>ĂƟŶŽƐĂŶĚĞĚƵĐĂƟŽŶ͕ƉůĞĂƐĞƌĞĂĚDŝƐƐŝŶŐKƵƚ͗>ĂƟŶŽ^ƚƵĚĞŶƚƐŝŶŵĞƌŝĐĂ͛Ɛ^ĐŚŽŽůƐ͕ĂǀĂŝůĂďůĞĂƚǁǁǁ͘ŶĐůƌ͘ŽƌŐ͘


A M E R I C A ’ S   T O M O R R O W :     A   P R O F I L E   O F   L A T I N O   Y O U T H

d,hEDW>KzDEdZd&KZ >d/EKzKhd,/^Z/^/E'͘ /ŶϮϬϬϴ͕ƚŚĞƌĞǁĞƌĞϯ͘ϳŵŝůůŝŽŶ>ĂƟŶŽƐďĞƚǁĞĞŶ ƚŚĞĂŐĞƐŽĨϭϲĂŶĚϮϰǁŚŽǁĞƌĞŝŶƚŚĞh͘^͘ůĂďŽƌ ĨŽƌĐĞ͘dŚĂƚLJĞĂƌ͕>ĂƟŶŽƐŵĂĚĞƵƉϭϳ͘ϰйŽĨĂůů LJŽƵƚŚŝŶƚŚĞůĂďŽƌĨŽƌĐĞ͕ĐŽŵƉĂƌĞĚƚŽϲϰ͘ϵйŽĨ tŚŝƚĞLJŽƵƚŚĂŶĚϭϮ͘ϮйŽĨůĂĐŬLJŽƵƚŚ͘ϷϿ/ŶϮϬϬϵ͕

ƚŚĞƵŶĞŵƉůŽLJŵĞŶƚƌĂƚĞǁĂƐϮϵ͘ϱйĨŽƌ>ĂƟŶŽ LJŽƵƚŚĂŐĞƐϭϲʹϭϵ͕ƵƉϰ͘ϲƉĞƌĐĞŶƚĂŐĞƉŽŝŶƚƐĨƌŽŵ ϮϬϬϴ͕ĂŶĚϭϲ͘ϳйĨŽƌ>ĂƟŶŽƐĂŐĞƐϮϬʹϮϰ͕ƵƉϲ͘ϰ ƉĞƌĐĞŶƚĂŐĞƉŽŝŶƚƐĨƌŽŵϮϬϬϴ;ƐĞ��dĂďůĞϯͿ͘ϸ϶

5

Table  3:  Unemployment  and  Employment  Rates  by  Race/Ethnicity  and  Age,  September  2008  and                                  September  2009

Hispanic Black White

Age

Unemployment  Rate,   September  2008  (%)  

Unemployment  Rate,   September  2009  (%)

Employment  Rate,   September  2008  (%)

Employment  Rate,   September  2009  (%)

ϭϲʹϭϵ

Ϯϰ͘ϵ

Ϯϵ͘ϱ

Ϯϲ͘ϳ

Ϯϯ͘Ϯ

 20–24

ϭϬ͘ϯ

ϭϲ͘ϳ

ϲϱ͘ϭ

ϲϬ͘ϲ

ϭϲʹϭϵ

Ϯϵ͘ϭ

ϰϬ͘ϳ

ϭϵ͘ϯ

ϭϯ͘ϴ

 20–24

ϮϬ͘ϲ

Ϯϳ͘ϭ

ϱϰ͘Ϭ

ϰϳ͘ϭ

ϭϲʹϭϵ

ϭϳ͘Ϯ

Ϯϯ͘Ϭ

ϯϰ͘Ϯ

Ϯϵ͘ϳ

 20–24

ϵ͘ϰ

ϭϯ͘ϭ

ϲϴ͘ϵ

ϲϰ͘ϯ

Sources:    h͘^͘ĞŶƐƵƐƵƌĞĂƵ͕͞>ĂďŽƌ&ŽƌĐĞ^ƚĂƟƐƟĐƐĨƌŽŵƚŚĞƵƌƌĞŶƚWŽƉƵůĂƟŽŶ^ƵƌǀĞLJ͕͟ŚƩƉ͗ͬͬĚĂƚĂ͘ďůƐ͘ŐŽǀ͗ϴϬϴϬͬ WYͬŽƵƚƐŝĚĞ͘ũƐƉ͍ƐƵƌǀĞLJсůŶ;ĂĐĐĞƐƐĞĚEŽǀĞŵďĞƌϰ͕ϮϬϬϵͿ͘

EZ>zdtKKhdK&&/s>d/EK zKhd,ZhE/E^hZ͘ >ĂƟŶŽLJŽƵƚŚĨĂĐĞƐŝŐŶŝĮĐĂŶƚŚĞĂůƚŚĐŚĂůůĞŶŐĞƐ͘Ύ /ŶϮϬϬϴ͕ũƵƐƚϲϮ͘ϯйŽĨ>ĂƟŶŽLJŽƵƚŚĂŐĞƐϭϱʹϮϰ ǁĞƌĞŝŶƐƵƌĞĚ͕ĐŽŵƉĂƌĞĚƚŽϳϮ͘ϵйŽĨůĂĐŬLJŽƵƚŚ ĂŶĚϴϭ͘ϵйŽĨtŚŝƚĞLJŽƵƚŚ͘ϸϷ>ĂƟŶŽLJŽƵƚŚ;ϯϲйͿ ǁĞƌĞĂůƐŽůĞƐƐůŝŬĞůLJƚŽŚĂǀĞĞŵƉůŽLJĞƌͲďĂƐĞĚ ŝŶƐƵƌĂŶĐĞƚŚĂŶƚŚĞŝƌůĂĐŬ;ϯϵ͘ϴйͿĂŶĚtŚŝƚĞ ;ϱϳ͘ϵйͿĐŽƵŶƚĞƌƉĂƌƚƐ͘ϸϸDŽƌĞŽǀĞƌ͕ŶĞĂƌůLJŽŶĞŝŶ ĨŽƵƌ;Ϯϯ͘ϭйͿ>ĂƟŶŽLJŽƵƚŚǁĂƐŝŶƐƵƌĞĚďLJDĞĚŝĐĂŝĚ͕

ĐŽŵƉĂƌĞĚƚŽϭϭ͘ϰйŽĨtŚŝƚĞLJŽƵƚŚĂŶĚϮϴ͘ϯйŽĨ ůĂĐŬLJŽƵƚŚ;ƐĞĞdĂďůĞϰͿ͘ϸϹ >ĂƟŶŽLJŽƵƚŚĂůƐŽĨĂĐĞŚŝŐŚƌĂƚĞƐŽĨƚĞĞŶƉƌĞŐŶĂŶĐLJ͘ /ŶϮϬϬϴ͕ϰ͘ϵйŽĨ>ĂƟŶĂƐĂŐĞƐϭϱʹϭϵŚĂĚŐŝǀĞŶďŝƌƚŚ ŝŶƚŚĞƉĂƐƚϭϮŵŽŶƚŚƐ͘dŚŝƐŝƐŚŝŐŚĞƌƚŚĂŶƚŚĞƌĂƚĞƐ ĨŽƌďŽƚŚůĂĐŬ;ϰ͘ϲйͿĂŶĚtŚŝƚĞ;ϭ͘ϴйͿLJŽƵƚŚ͘ϸϺ

Percent  Insured

Percent  Insured  by  Employer-­‐Based  Insurance

Percent  Insured  by  Medicaid

Hispanic

ϲϮ͘ϯ

ϯϲ͘Ϭ

Ϯϯ͘ϭ

Black

ϳϮ͘ϵ

ϯϵ͘ϴ

Ϯϴ͘ϯ

White

ϴϭ͘ϵ

ϱϳ͘ϵ

ϭϭ͘ϰ

Source:E>ZĐĂůĐƵůĂƟŽŶƵƐŝŶŐh͘^͘ĞŶƐƵƐƵƌĞĂƵ͕͞ƵƌƌĞŶƚWŽƉƵůĂƟŽŶ^ƵƌǀĞLJ;W^ͿdĂďůĞƌĞĂƚŽƌ͕͟,ŽƵƐŝŶŐĂŶĚ ,ŽƵƐĞŚŽůĚĐŽŶŽŵŝĐ^ƚĂƟƐƟĐƐŝǀŝƐŝŽŶ͕ŚƩƉ͗ͬͬǁǁǁ͘ĐĞŶƐƵƐ͘ŐŽǀͬŚŚĞƐͬǁǁǁͬĐƉƐƚĐͬĐƉƐͺƚĂďůĞͺĐƌĞĂƚŽƌ͘Śƚŵů;ĂĐĐĞƐƐĞĚ ĞĐĞŵďĞƌϭϴ͕ϮϬϬϵͿ͘

Ύ&ŽƌŵŽƌĞŝŶĨŽƌŵĂƟŽŶĂďŽƵƚƚŚĞŚĞĂůƚŚĐŚĂůůĞŶŐĞƐƚŚĂƚ>ĂƟŶŽƐĨĂĐĞ͕ƉůĞĂƐĞƐĞĞ>ĂƟŶŽƐĂŶĚ,ĞĂůƚŚŽǀĞƌĂŐĞ͗LJƚŚĞEƵŵďĞƌƐ͕&ĂƐƚ&ĂĐƚƐ͗ >ĂƟŶŽƐĂŶĚ,ĞĂůƚŚĂƌĞ͕ĂŶĚdŽǁĂƌĚĂŽŵŵŽŶ&ƵƚƵƌĞ͗>ĂƟŶŽdĞĞŶƐĂŶĚĚƵůƚƐ^ƉĞĂŬKƵƚ͘ůůƉƵďůŝĐĂƟŽŶƐĂƌĞĂǀĂŝůĂďůĞĂƚǁǁǁ͘ŶĐůƌ͘ŽƌŐ͘

STATISTICAL BRIEF

Table  4:    Insurance  Coverage  of  Youth  Ages  15–24  by  Race/Ethnicity,  2008


A M E R I C A ’ S   T O M O R R O W :     A   P R O F I L E   O F   L A T I N O   Y O U T H

ƉƉĞŶĚŝdž͗>ĂƟŶŽWŽƉƵůĂƟŽŶŐĞƐϭϱʹϮϰďLJ^ƚĂƚĞ͕ϮϬϬϬĂŶĚϮϬϬϴ State Alabama

STATISTICAL BRIEF

>ĂƟŶŽzŽƵƚŚ >ĂƟŶŽzŽƵƚŚĂƐ WŽƉƵůĂƟŽŶ'ƌŽǁƚŚ͕ Percent  of  All  Youth   2000–2008  (%) in  State,  2008

>ĂƟŶŽWŽƉƵůĂƟŽŶ͕ 2008

>ĂƟŶŽzŽƵƚŚŐĞƐ 15–24,  2008

ϭϯϬ͕ϭϲϰ

Ϯϭ͕ϬϯϮ

Ϯϰ͘ϳ

Percent  Change  in   Share  of  Hispanic   Youth,  2000–2008

ϯ͘Ϯ

ϭϵ͘ϵ

Alaska

ϰϮ͕ϱϴϴ

ϴ͕ϮϮϭ

ϳϳ͘ϱ

ϳ͘ϯ

ϰϭ͘ϵ

ƌŝnjŽŶĂ

ϭ͕ϵϱϵ͕ϭϵϳ

ϯϭϲ͕ϯϴϯ

Ϯϲ͘ϲ

ϯϲ͘ϯ

ϲ͘Ϭ

Arkansas

ϭϱϳ͕ϰϳϴ

Ϯϴ͕ϱϱϱ

ϱϬ͘ϲ

ϳ͘ϭ

ϰϮ͘ϵ

California

ϭϯ͕ϰϱϳ͕ϯϵϳ

Ϯ͕ϯϯϭ͕Ϯϳϰ

ϭϲ͘Ϭ

ϰϮ͘ϰ

ϭ͘ϵ

Colorado

ϵϵϳ͕ϬϲϬ

ϭϱϰ͕Ϭϴϴ

ϵ͘ϲ

Ϯϯ͘Ϭ

Ϭ͘ϰ

ŽŶŶĞĐƟĐƵƚ

ϰϭϵ͕ϯϵϭ

ϳϭ͕ϵϬϳ

Ϯϭ͘ϰ

ϭϱ͘ϭ

ϯ͘ϯ

Delaware

ϱϵ͕Ϭϵϯ

ϴ͕ϳϵϱ

ϭϯ͘ϴ

ϳ͘ϯ

Ϭ͘ϴ

District  of  Columbia

ϱϭ͕ϭϮϰ

ϳ͕ϲϱϱ

Ͳϭϯ͘ϴ

ϴ͘Ϭ

Ͳϭϴ͘ϴ

Florida

ϯ͕ϴϰϱ͕ϵϲϰ

ϱϰϮ͕ϭϲϭ

ϯϮ͘Ϭ

Ϯϯ͘ϯ

ϭϬ͘ϯ

Georgia

ϳϲϵ͕ϵϴϮ

ϭϭϭ͕ϯϯϮ

ϰ͘ϯ

ϴ͘ϭ

Ͳϵ͘ϱ

Hawaii

ϭϭϮ͕ϯϮϬ

ϮϬ͕ϭϳϲ

ϭϴ͘ϳ

ϭϭ͘Ϯ

ϴ͘ϳ

Idaho

ϭϱϱ͕ϴϯϭ

Ϯϴ͕ϱϯϲ

ϯϱ͘ϯ

ϭϯ͘Ϭ

Ϯϱ͘ϳ

Illinois

ϭ͕ϵϲϳ͕ϱϲϴ

ϯϮϯ͕ϳϴϵ

ϱ͘ϳ

ϭϳ͘ϯ

Ͳϭ͘ϳ

Indiana

ϯϮϴ͕ϳϮϱ

ϱϯ͕Ϯϵϯ

ϭϯ͘ϴ

ϲ͘Ϭ

ϭϮ͘ϲ

Iowa

ϭϮϯ͕ϴϵϱ

Ϯϭ͕ϳϱϭ

Ϯϲ͘ϯ

ϱ͘Ϭ

Ϯϯ͘ϴ

Kansas

Ϯϱϰ͕Ϯϵϳ

ϰϯ͕ϬϮϱ

ϭϮ͘Ϭ

ϭϬ͘ϰ

ϴ͘ϴ

Kentucky

ϵϴ͕ϯϰϲ

ϭϰ͕ϲϭϱ

ϱ͘ϵ

Ϯ͘ϲ

ϳ͘ϵ

Louisiana

ϭϰϵ͕ϰϬϭ

Ϯϱ͕Ϯϭϱ

ϯϬ͘Ϯ

ϯ͘ϴ

ϯϱ͘ϳ

Maine

ϭϯ͕ϯϱϬ

Ϯ͕ϴϮϵ

ϱϯ͘ϳ

ϭ͘ϳ

ϰϲ͘ϲ

Maryland

ϯϳϰ͕Ϭϭϭ

ϱϱ͕ϱϳϱ

ϯϮ͘ϰ

ϳ͘Ϭ

ϭϮ͘ϭ

DĂƐƐĂĐŚƵƐĞƩƐ

ϱϱϲ͕ϴϵϴ

ϭϬϮ͕ϭϭϮ

ϮϮ͘ϰ

ϭϭ͘Ϭ

ϳ͘ϵ

Michigan

ϰϭϯ͕Ϯϴϲ

ϳϭ͕Ϭϰϰ

ϭϬ͘ϴ

ϱ͘Ϭ

ϲ͘Ϭ

Minnesota

Ϯϭϱ͕ϴϮϭ

ϯϱ͕ϮϬϱ

ϭϰ͘ϲ

ϰ͘ϴ

ϴ͘ϳ

Mississippi

ϱϴ͕ϯϴϱ

ϭϭ͕ϰϴϬ

ϯϱ͘Ϭ

Ϯ͘ϲ

ϯϱ͘ϳ

Missouri

ϭϴϲ͕ϴϮϵ

ϯϮ͕ϱϲϮ

ϯϱ͘Ϭ

ϯ͘ϵ

Ϯϳ͘ϳ

Montana

Ϯϳ͕ϯϭϴ

ϰ͕ϰϴϰ

Ϯϯ͘ϴ

ϯ͘ϯ

ϭϲ͘ϵ

Nebraska

ϭϯϵ͕ϳϳϭ

ϮϬ͕Ϯϯϲ

ϲ͘ϰ

ϳ͘ϴ

ϰ͘Ϯ

Nevada

ϲϲϴ͕ϱϯϮ

ϵϵ͕ϰϯϮ

ϯϳ͘ϯ

ϯϬ͘Ϯ

ϳ͘Ϯ

New  Hampshire

ϯϰ͕ϲϬϱ

ϱ͕ϴϴϭ

ϱϮ͘ϳ

ϯ͘ϯ

ϯϰ͘ϯ

New  Jersey

ϭ͕ϰϭϴ͕ϱϰϱ

ϮϭϬ͕ϲϱϭ

ϴ͘ϯ

ϭϴ͘ϲ

Ͳϯ͘ϴ

New  Mexico

ϴϵϭ͕Ϭϭϭ

ϭϰϲ͕ϴϱϮ

ϭϮ͘ϰ

ϱϬ͘ϰ

ϯ͘ϭ

ϯ͕Ϯϰϴ͕ϱϮϳ

ϱϮϯ͕ϮϮϰ

ϱ͘ϵ

ϭϴ͘ϲ

Ͳϰ͘ϴ

ϲϴϮ͕ϱϭϲ

ϵϴ͕Ϯϲϱ

ͲϬ͘Ϯ

ϳ͘ϳ

ͲϭϮ͘Ϯ

New  York North  Carolina North  Dakota

ϭϮ͕ϵϰϲ

Ϯ͕ϭϰϬ

ϭϱ͘ϲ

Ϯ͘Ϭ

ϭϮ͘ϵ

Ohio

Ϯϵϵ͕ϳϳϴ

ϰϳ͕ϲϵϰ

ϭϯ͘ϯ

ϯ͘Ϭ

ϭϭ͘Ϭ

Oklahoma

Ϯϳϴ͕ϳϲϬ

ϰϲ͕ϴϴϰ

ϭϴ͘Ϯ

ϴ͘ϴ

ϭϱ͘Ϭ

Oregon

ϰϭϲ͕Ϭϰϰ

ϲϲ͕ϯϮϰ

ϭϯ͘ϯ

ϭϯ͘ϰ

ϵ͘Ϭ

Pennsylvania

ϱϵϱ͕ϭϮϴ

ϭϬϬ͕ϱϮϬ

ϯϮ͘ϵ

ϱ͘ϴ

Ϯϯ͘Ϭ

Rhode  Island

ϭϮϮ͕ϮϬϲ

Ϯϭ͕Ϭϳϱ

ϭϵ͘ϳ

ϭϯ͘ϰ

ϭϮ͘Ϯ

South  Carolina

ϭϴϮ͕ϭϵϰ

Ϯϵ͕ϯϰϴ

ϮϬ͘Ϭ

ϰ͘ϲ

ϴ͘Ϭ

South  Dakota

ϭϴ͕ϵϰϱ

Ϯ͕ϲϰϴ

ϮϬ͘ϵ

Ϯ͘ϯ

ϭϵ͘Ϭ

ϮϮϳ͕ϴϵϳ

ϯϰ͕Ϯϯϰ

ϭϱ͘ϱ

ϰ͘Ϯ

ϭϭ͘ϭ

ϴ͕ϴϳϬ͕ϰϳϮ

ϭ͕ϰϮϮ͕ϯϲϵ

ϭϯ͘ϳ

ϰϬ͘ϭ

ϭ͘ϴ

Tennessee Texas


A M E R I C A ’ S   T O M O R R O W :     A   P R O F I L E   O F   L A T I N O   Y O U T H

>ĂƟŶŽzŽƵƚŚ >ĂƟŶŽzŽƵƚŚĂƐ WŽƉƵůĂƟŽŶ'ƌŽǁƚŚ͕ Percent  of  All  Youth   2000–2008  (%) in  State,  2008

Percent  Change  in   Share  of  Hispanic   Youth,  2000–2008

State

>ĂƟŶŽWŽƉƵůĂƟŽŶ͕ 2008

>ĂƟŶŽzŽƵƚŚŐĞƐ 15–24,  2008

Utah

ϯϮϵ͕Ϭϲϴ

ϱϭ͕ϯϳϰ

ϭϵ͘ϳ

ϭϭ͘Ϯ

ϭϱ͘ϰ

Vermont

ϳ͕ϱϵϴ

ϭ͕ϰϴϳ

ϭϳ͘ϯ

ϭ͘ϳ

ϭϬ͘ϱ

Virginia

ϱϮϵ͕ϴϯϲ

ϴϰ͕Ϯϲϭ

Ϯϱ͘ϰ

ϳ͘ϲ

ϵ͘ϱ

Washington

ϲϰϯ͕ϲϴϰ

ϭϬϲ͕ϭϲϲ

ϭϴ͘ϰ

ϭϭ͘ϵ

ϴ͘ϵ

West  Virginia

ϮϬ͕ϯϵϴ

ϰ͕ϰϵϯ

ϵϲ͘Ϭ

ϭ͘ϵ

ϭϬϲ͘ϱ

Wisconsin

Ϯϴϲ͕ϭϭϮ

ϰϲ͕ϰϯϲ

ϭϬ͘ϵ

ϱ͘ϵ

ϳ͘ϭ

Wyoming

ϰϭ͕ϭϲϰ

ϳ͕ϰϮϵ

ϮϬ͘ϳ

ϵ͘ϲ

ϭϳ͘ϭ

ϳ

Sources:    E>ZĐĂůĐƵůĂƟŽŶƵƐŝŶŐh͘^͘ĞŶƐƵƐƵƌĞĂƵ͕͞dĂďůĞϬϭϬϬϭ/͗^ĞdžďLJŐĞ;,ŝƐƉĂŶŝĐŽƌ>ĂƟŶŽͿ͟ĂŶĚ͞dĂďůĞϬϭϬϬϭ͗ ^ĞdžďLJŐĞ͕͟2008  American  Community  Survey͘tĂƐŚŝŶŐƚŽŶ͕͕ϮϬϬϵ͖ĂŶĚh͘^͘ĞŶƐƵƐƵƌĞĂƵ͕͞dĂďůĞWϭϮ,͗^ĞdžďLJŐĞ ;,ŝƐƉĂŶŝĐŽƌ>ĂƟŶŽͿ͟ĂŶĚ͞dĂďůĞWϭϮ͗^ĞdžďLJŐĞ͕͟Census  2000͘tĂƐŚŝŶŐƚŽŶ͕͕ϮϬϬϬ͘

STATISTICAL BRIEF


A M E R I C A ’ S   T O M O R R O W :     A   P R O F I L E   O F   L A T I N O   Y O U T H

ŶĚŶŽƚĞƐ E>ZĐĂůĐƵůĂƟŽŶƵƐŝŶŐh͘^͘ĞŶƐƵƐƵƌĞĂƵ͕͞dĂďůĞϬϭϬϬϭ/͗ ^ĞdžďLJŐĞ;,ŝƐƉĂŶŝĐŽƌ>ĂƟŶŽͿ͟ĂŶĚ͞dĂďůĞϬϭϬϬϭ͗^ĞdžďLJŐĞ͕͟ 2008  American  Community  Survey͘tĂƐŚŝŶŐƚŽŶ͕͕ϮϬϬϵ͖ ĂŶĚh͘^͘ĞŶƐƵƐƵƌĞĂƵ͕͞dĂďůĞWϭϮ,͗^ĞdžďLJŐĞ;,ŝƐƉĂŶŝĐŽƌ >ĂƟŶŽͿ͟ĂŶĚ͞dĂďůĞWϭϮ͗^ĞdžďLJŐĞ͕͟Census  2000͘tĂƐŚŝŶŐƚŽŶ͕ ͕ϮϬϬϬ͘ 1

8

h͘^͘ĞŶƐƵƐƵƌĞĂƵ͕͞^ĞŵŽŐƌĂƉŚŝĐĂŶĚ,ŽƵƐŝŶŐƐƟŵĂƚĞƐ͗ ϮϬϬϴ͕͟2008  American  Community  Survey͘    tĂƐŚŝŶŐƚŽŶ͕͕ ϮϬϬϵ͘ 2

E>ZĐĂůĐƵůĂƟŽŶƵƐŝŶŐh͘^͘ĞŶƐƵƐƵƌĞĂƵ͕͞dĂďůĞϬϭϬϬϭ/͗^Ğdž ďLJŐĞ;,ŝƐƉĂŶŝĐŽƌ>ĂƟŶŽͿ͘͟ ϯ

E>ZĐĂůĐƵůĂƟŽŶƵƐŝŶŐh͘^͘ĞŶƐƵƐƵƌĞĂƵ͕͞dĂďůĞϬϭϬϬϭ/͗ ^ĞdžďLJŐĞ;,ŝƐƉĂŶŝĐŽƌ>ĂƟŶŽͿ͟ĂŶĚ͞dĂďůĞϬϭϬϬϭ͗^Ğdž ďLJŐĞ͖͟ĂŶĚh͘^͘ĞŶƐƵƐƵƌĞĂƵ͕͞dĂďůĞWϭϮ,͗^ĞdžďLJŐĞ ;,ŝƐƉĂŶŝĐŽƌ>ĂƟŶŽͿ͟ĂŶĚ͞dĂďůĞWϭϮ͗^ĞdžďLJŐĞ͘͟ 12

h͘^͘ĞŶƐƵƐƵƌĞĂƵ͕͞ŚĂƌĂĐƚĞƌŝƐƟĐƐŽĨdĞĞŶĂŐĞƌƐϭϱƚŽϭϵ zĞĂƌƐKůĚ͕͟2008  American  Community  Survey͘tĂƐŚŝŶŐƚŽŶ͕͕ ϮϬϬϵ͘ ϭϯ

h͘^͘ĞŶƐƵƐƵƌĞĂƵ͕͞WKsϯϰ͗^ŝŶŐůĞzĞĂƌŽĨŐĞͶWŽǀĞƌƚLJ ^ƚĂƚƵƐ͗ϮϬϬϴ͕͟ƵƌƌĞŶƚWŽƉƵůĂƟŽŶ^ƵƌǀĞLJ͕ϮϬϬϵŶŶƵĂů^ŽĐŝĂů and  Economic  Supplement͘tĂƐŚŝŶŐƚŽŶ͕͕ϮϬϬϵ͘ 14

E>ZĐĂůĐƵůĂƟŽŶƵƐŝŶŐh͘^͘ĞŶƐƵƐƵƌĞĂƵ͕͞ƵƌƌĞŶƚ WŽƉƵůĂƟŽŶ^ƵƌǀĞLJ;W^ͿdĂďůĞƌĞĂƚŽƌ͕͟,ŽƵƐŝŶŐĂŶĚ,ŽƵƐĞŚŽůĚ ĐŽŶŽŵŝĐ^ƚĂƟƐƟĐƐŝǀŝƐŝŽŶ͕ŚƩƉ͗ͬͬǁǁǁ͘ĐĞŶƐƵƐ͘ŐŽǀͬŚŚĞƐͬ ǁǁǁͬĐƉƐƚĐͬĐƉƐͺƚĂďůĞͺĐƌĞĂƚŽƌ͘Śƚŵů;ĂĐĐĞƐƐĞĚĞĐĞŵďĞƌϭϴ͕ ϮϬϬϵͿ͘ 15

E>ZĐĂůĐƵůĂƟŽŶƵƐŝŶŐh͘^͘ĞŶƐƵƐƵƌĞĂƵ͕͞^ĞŵŽŐƌĂƉŚŝĐ ĂŶĚ,ŽƵƐŝŶŐƐƟŵĂƚĞƐ͗ϮϬϬϴ͖͟ĂŶĚh͘^͘ĞŶƐƵƐƵƌĞĂƵ͕ ͞ϬϭϬϬϭ͗^ĞdžďLJŐĞ;tŚŝƚĞůŽŶĞͿ͕͟2008  American   Community  Survey͘tĂƐŚŝŶŐƚŽŶ͕͕ϮϬϬϵ͘ 4

E>ZĐĂůĐƵůĂƟŽŶƵƐŝŶŐh͘^͘ĞŶƐƵƐƵƌĞĂƵ͕͞^ĞŵŽŐƌĂƉŚŝĐ ĂŶĚ,ŽƵƐŝŶŐƐƟŵĂƚĞƐ͗ϮϬϬϴ͖͟ĂŶĚh͘^͘ĞŶƐƵƐƵƌĞĂƵ͕ ͞ϬϭϬϬϭ͗^ĞdžďLJĂŐĞ;ůĂĐŬŽƌĨƌŝĐĂŶŵĞƌŝĐĂŶůŽŶĞͿ͕͟2008   American  Community  Survey͘tĂƐŚŝŶŐƚŽŶ͕͕ϮϬϬϵ͘ 5

E>ZĐĂůĐƵůĂƟŽŶƵƐŝŶŐh͘^͘ĞŶƐƵƐƵƌĞĂƵ͕͞^ĞŵŽŐƌĂƉŚŝĐ ĂŶĚ,ŽƵƐŝŶŐƐƟŵĂƚĞƐ͗ϮϬϬϴ͘͟ ϲ

E>ZĐĂůĐƵůĂƟŽŶƵƐŝŶŐh͘^͘ĞŶƐƵƐƵƌĞĂƵ͕͞dĂďůĞϬϭϬϬϭ/͗^Ğdž ďLJŐĞ;,ŝƐƉĂŶŝĐŽƌ>ĂƟŶŽͿ͘͟ ϳ

h͘^͘ĞŶƐƵƐƵƌĞĂƵ͕͞WKsϮϰ͗^ŝŶŐůĞzĞĂƌŽĨŐĞͶWŽǀĞƌƚLJ ^ƚĂƚƵƐ͗ϮϬϬϴ͘͟ ϭϲ

͘&͘ĂƚĂůĚŝ͕:͘>ĂŝƌĚ͕͘ĂŶĚ͘<ĞǁĂůZĂŵĂŶŝ͕,ŝŐŚ^ĐŚŽŽů ƌŽƉŽƵƚĂŶĚŽŵƉůĞƟŽŶZĂƚĞƐŝŶƚŚĞhŶŝƚĞĚ^ƚĂƚĞƐ͗ϮϬϬϳ͘     EĂƟŽŶĂůĞŶƚĞƌĨŽƌĚƵĐĂƟŽŶ^ƚĂƟƐƟĐƐ͘tĂƐŚŝŶŐƚŽŶ͕͕ϮϬϬϵ͕ dĂďůĞϲ͘ ϭϳ

/ďŝĚ͕͘dĂďůĞϵ͘

ϭϴ

E>ZĐĂůĐƵůĂƟŽŶƵƐŝŶŐh͘^͘ĞŶƐƵƐƵƌĞĂƵ͕͞ƵƌƌĞŶƚ WŽƉƵůĂƟŽŶ^ƵƌǀĞLJ;W^ͿdĂďůĞƌĞĂƚŽƌ͘͟ ϭϵ

^ƚĞǀĞŶZƵŐŐůĞƐĞƚĂů͕͘/ŶƚĞŐƌĂƚĞĚWƵďůŝĐhƐĞDŝĐƌŽĚĂƚĂ^ĞƌŝĞƐ͗ sĞƌƐŝŽŶϰ͘Ϭ;DŝŶŶĞĂƉŽůŝƐ͕DE͗DŝŶŶĞƐŽƚĂWŽƉƵůĂƟŽŶĞŶƚĞƌ͕ ϮϬϬϵͿ͘ ϴ

E>ZĐĂůĐƵůĂƟŽŶƵƐŝŶŐh͘^͘ĞŶƐƵƐƵƌĞĂƵ͕͞dĂďůĞϬϭϬϬϭ/͗^Ğdž ďLJŐĞ;,ŝƐƉĂŶŝĐŽƌ>ĂƟŶŽͿ͘͟ ϵ

h͘^͘ĞŶƐƵƐƵƌĞĂƵ͕͞>ĂďŽƌ&ŽƌĐĞ^ƚĂƟƐƟĐƐĨƌŽŵƚŚĞƵƌƌĞŶƚ WŽƉƵůĂƟŽŶ^ƵƌǀĞLJ͕͟ŚƩƉ͗ͬͬĚĂƚĂ͘ďůƐ͘ŐŽǀ͗ϴϬϴϬͬWYͬŽƵƚƐŝĚĞ͘ ũƐƉ͍ƐƵƌǀĞLJсůŶ;ĂĐĐĞƐƐĞĚEŽǀĞŵďĞƌϰ͕ϮϬϬϵͿ͘ 20

E>ZĐĂůĐƵůĂƟŽŶƵƐŝŶŐh͘^͘ĞŶƐƵƐƵƌĞĂƵ͕͞ƵƌƌĞŶƚ WŽƉƵůĂƟŽŶ^ƵƌǀĞLJ;W^ͿdĂďůĞƌĞĂƚŽƌ͘͟ 21

E>ZĐĂůĐƵůĂƟŽŶƵƐŝŶŐh͘^͘ĞŶƐƵƐƵƌĞĂƵ͕͞dĂďůĞϬϭϬϬϭ/͗ ^ĞdžďLJŐĞ;,ŝƐƉĂŶŝĐŽƌ>ĂƟŶŽͿ͟ĂŶĚ͞dĂďůĞϬϭϬϬϭ͗^ĞdžďLJŐĞ͘͟ 10

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22

E>ZĐĂůĐƵůĂƟŽŶƵƐŝŶŐh͘^͘ĞŶƐƵƐƵƌĞĂƵ͕͞dĂďůĞϬϭϬϬϭ/͗ ^ĞdžďLJŐĞ;,ŝƐƉĂŶŝĐŽƌ>ĂƟŶŽͿ͟ĂŶĚ͞dĂďůĞWϭϮ,͗^ĞdžďLJŐĞ ;,ŝƐƉĂŶŝĐŽƌ>ĂƟŶŽͿ͕͟Census  2000͘tĂƐŚŝŶŐƚŽŶ͕͕ϮϬϬϬ͘ 11

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Ϯϯ

h͘^͘ĞŶƐƵƐƵƌĞĂƵ͕͞ŚĂƌĂĐƚĞƌŝƐƟĐƐŽĨdĞĞŶĂŐĞƌƐϭϱƚŽϭϵ zĞĂƌƐKůĚ͘͟ 24  

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