N AT I O N A L
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THE OFFICIAL PUBLICATION OF NCBA â€¢ 2017
2017 DIRECTIONS State of the Association Report CattleFax Top 25 Industry Lists Legislative Outlook
Table of Contents LE T TER FRO M TH E PR E S I D E NT ..... Page 4
N A T I O N A L
LE T TER FRO M TH E CEO .......................Page 6 STATE O F N CBA ............................................ Page 8 U PDATE O N P O LICY ............................... Page 20 U PDATE O N TR AD E ..................................Page 26 U PDATE O N TH E MAR K E T ................ Page 30 DI R EC TIO N S STATISTI C S .................. Page 36 STATE O F TH E FE D E R ATIO N ........ Page 60 B E E FITSWHATS FO R D I N N E R U PDATE........................................... Page 71
THE OFFICIAL PUBLICATION OF NCBA President Craig Uden President-elect Kevin Kester Vice President Jennifer Houston Federation Division Chair Jerry Effertz Federation Division Vice-Chair Dawn Caldwell Policy Division Chair Joe Guild Policy Division Vice-Chair Jerry Bohn Immediate Past President Tracy Brunner Kendal Frazier Chief Executive Officer Senior Editor Associate Editors Contributing Writers
John Robinson Brittany Schaneman Charmayne Hefley Craig Uden Walt Barnhart Todd Johnson Ed Frank Max Moncaster
Creative Director Don Waite Graphic Designer Sharon Murano For ad sales, contact Jill DeLucero or Beka Wall at 303-694-0305, or Nicole Bechtel at 503-756-1538. Contact NCBA: 9110 E. Nichols Ave., Suite 300, Centennial, CO 80112 (303-694-0305); Washington D.C.: 1275 Pennsylvania Ave. N.W., Suite 801, Washington, D.C. 20004 (202-347-0228). National Cattlemen’s Beef Association reserves the right to refuse advertising in any of its publications. National Cattlemen’s Beef Association does not accept political advertising in any of its publications. National Cattlemen’s Beef Association does not accept any advertising promoting third-party lawsuits that have not been endorsed by the board of directors. © 2017 National Cattlemen’s Beef Association. All rights reserved. The contents of this magazine may not be reproduced by any means, in whole or part, without the prior written consent of the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association.
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Craig Uden NCBA President Nebraska
Tracy Brunner NCBA Past President Kansas
Kevin Kester NCBA President-elect California
Jerry Effertz NCBA Federation Chair North Dakota
Dawn Caldwell NCBA Federation Vice-Chair Nebraska
Jennifer Houston NCBA Vice President Tennessee
Kendal Frazier NCBA CEO Colorado
NCBA Offices DENVER OFFICE 9110 E. Nichols Ave. Suite 300 Centennial, CO 80112 303-694-0305
Marty Smith NCBA Treasurer Florida 2
Joe Guild NCBA Policy Chair Nevada
Jerry Bohn NCBA Policy Vice-Chair Kansas
WASHINGTON D.C. OFFICE 1275 Pennsylvania Ave. N.W. Suite 801 Washington, D.C. 20004 202-347-0228
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ATION INFORM T PACKE
Serving the beef industry has always been important to me. Giving time and energy back to the men and women, businesses and the communities that have provided for my family and those around me, gives me a great deal of satisfaction. I’ve been extremely honored to serve this association and the beef industry as NCBA president for the past seven months. The opportunity to meet so many members across the nation and tour their operations has been a life changing experience for me, so thank you for the opportunity to serve each of you.
LETTER FROM THE
PR E SI DE NT
Craig Uden NCBA President
It has been a busy year and I’m proud of the work we’ve accomplished in a short time. Playing offense is a term we’ve used a lot since the start of 2017, and I’m fortunate to be serving as a volunteer during a time when agriculture is working with an administration that understands our needs and concerns, and has made a dedicated effort to relieve the burdens on rural America. Those days won’t last forever, and we cannot afford to become complacent because the mid-term elections are just around the corner. We have less than a year before we’re faced with the possibility of political change. We must take this time to press every possible issue and opportunity while we have possession of the ball. We also need to be certain that we’re strengthening our relationships and building our NCBA and state cattlemen’s association numbers now, while the political winds are blowing our way. It’s easy to set aside that membership letter for later. It’s too easy to click past the request to join, but we need each of you to step up and support the work our industry associations are completing on our behalf. Without your voice and your membership support, NCBA and our state associations are at a disadvantage when fighting for the issues that matter most to our way of life. In my case, NCBA and Nebraska Cattlemen have ambitious plans for the future and even modest success on their part means a great deal to the future of our business. I’d bet that the same applies to each of you and the work your state associations have undertaken on your behalf. Please take a moment to support NCBA and your state cattlemen’s association and join today. If you’re already a member of both organizations, I’d like to say thank you and encourage you to recruit a friend and neighbor to join us in our work. DIRECTIONS 2017
ALLIED INDUSTRY DIRECTORY These are companies that have teamed with NCBA as allied industry members, demonstrating their commitment to the beef industry. Their involvement strengthens our future. NCBA members are urged to support these partners in turn by purchasing their products and services. Those who would like to become allied industry partners with NCBA (securing a premium booth placement at the next annual convention and trade show), please call the Association Marketing team at 303-694-0305.
GOLD LEVEL SPONSORS (Minimum $100,000 Investment) Bayer Animal Health www.bayer-ah.com
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Purina Animal Nutrition LLC www.purinamills.com/cattle
John Deere www.deere.com
Merck Animal Health www.merck-animal-health-usa.com
Ritchie Industries Inc. https://ritchiefount.com/
Micro Technologies www.microtechnologies.com
Zoetis Animal Health www.zoetis.com
Merial is now part of Boehringer Ingelheim
www.bi-vetmedica.com Caterpillar www.cat.com Central Life Sciences www.centrallifesciences.com
ALLIED INDUSTRY COUNCIL AgriLabs Allflex USA, Inc. Animal Health International
Farm Credit Council Grow Safe Systems, Ltd
Lallemand Animal Nutrition
Massey Ferguson Rabo AgriFinance Y-Tex
ALLIED INDUSTRY PARTNERS ADM Alliance Nutrition, Inc.
Agri-Pro Enterprises of Iowa, Inc.
Alltech, Inc. American Hereford Association Arm and Hammer Animal Nutrition
DuPont Pioneer ENDOVAC-Beef
Meat & Livestock Australia, Ltd. Medtronics Micronutrients Midwest PMS, Inc.
Moly Manufacturing, Inc.
Bank of America Merrill Lynch
Gravely, an Ariens Company
Greeley Hat Works
New Generation Supplements
Beef Magazine Bimeda Cabela’s
Hartford Livestock Insurance
Cargill Animal Nutrition
IMI Global, Inc.
Kent Nutrition Group
PBS Animal Health
Certified Angus Beef
Phibro Animal Health
Certified Hereford Beef
Kunafin “The Insectary”
Priefert Ranch Equipment
Quali Tech, Inc.
Quality Liquid Feeds
R&R Machine Works RFD-TV Ridley Block Operations Roper/Stetson/Tin Haul Apparel and Footware Roto-Mix Stone Manufacturing Summit Livestock Facilities Superior Livestock Tarter Farm and Ranch Equipment The Vit-E-Men Co. Inc./ Life Products Tru-Test Group U.S. Premium Beef Verdesian Life Sciences Vermeer Vitalix Wilson Trailer Company Zinpro Performance Minerals
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Fareway Stores, Inc.
Meyer Natural Foods
Preferred Beef Group
Beef Products Inc.
National Beef Packing
Tyson Fresh Meats
Cargill Meat Solutions
Kane Beef Processors
Fall marks a special time of the year for agriculture. The changing of the seasons brings harvest, weaning and preparations for winter. It’s also a good time for reflection on the months that are behind us as we plan for what’s ahead. The Fall issue of Directions represents much of the same for NCBA. This year’s edition features an in-depth review of the work conducted by our member-driven policy division as well as a review of the work we’ve conducted as a contractor to the Beef Checkoff Program. It also provides insight into the markets and the landscape for beef trade, which is becoming an increasingly important economic driver of our industry.
LETTER FROM THE
Kendal Frazier NCBA CEO
This edition also includes the popular “Directions Statistics” section which provides a look at the top operations in each segment of our industry, along with market statistics to help you identify trends and potential opportunities within the beef business. As you are planning the future of your operation, we’re doing the same at NCBA. To make decisions and position the organization to continue serving our members and the industry, we’re constantly evaluating the changing landscape of this business to identify opportunity. In this issue, we’ve outlined some of our plans for the future and we’ll continue to update our members each month in our member newspaper National Cattlemen. Fall is also a time when we gather with family in this business. Over the past several years I’ve observed an increasing number of young beef producers stepping back into this business and I believe that’s a sign that we, as an industry and a community, are on the correct path. It wasn’t long ago that young producers were few and far between, but now they’re finding new opportunities and many have a chance to return to their family operations, a fact that should encourage us all. So, as we gather for Fall work, family meals and the holidays, I can honestly say we have much for which to be thankful. From all of us at NCBA, I’d like to extend a sincere and heartfelt “Thank You,” to each of you for your ongoing support of the association over the years. Whether you’re a member, sponsor or stakeholder, your support makes a difference and we couldn’t accomplish our goals if you weren’t standing with us each day. Thank you for all you do to make this business and this association great every day. DIRECTIONS 2017
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STATE O F N C BA A Year of Major Milestones By Ke n d a l F ra z i e r NCBA CEO
The beef industry has experienced major changes in recent years and that trend has continued in 2017. Although cattle markets aren’t where we’d like them to be as we head into fall, we have seen a positive trend in the policy arena under the new administration of President Donald Trump and we’re on offense for the first time in quite a while. At NCBA, we’re confident that as the domestic and international economy continues to expand, beef demand will remain strong. At NCBA, we’re very pleased with the policy work that has been accomplished in our nation’s capital. We know our members join the association, in large part, because of our staff in Washington, D.C., and we’ve continued to expand that staff at the direction and because of the ongoing support of our members across the nation. Because of member support, we’ve accomplished a great deal over the past nine months and we expect to continue building on those wins for some time to come. You can see the details of our victories starting on page 20. But we’re particularly proud of the fact that we have been able to regain access for American beef to the important Chinese marketplace. DIRECTIONS 2017
STATE OF NCBA On a more positive note, NCBA was successful in pushing to roll back the damaging and costly “Waters of the United States” or WOTUS regulations, put forward by the Obama Administration and we’re confident there will be a replacement coming that will work for American agriculture.
The trade front has been dynamic and challenging for our industry during 2017 and it’s a trend we expect to continue during the year ahead. We had expended vast amounts of time and energy to help promote the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) last year. As you know, President Trump withdrew from TPP in the early days of his term, leaving U.S. cattlemen and women without a long-term solution for beef exports to many important trading partners, including Japan. Likewise, a renegotiation of the North American Free Trade Agreement and ongoing conversations about the KoreaUnited States FTA are also occurring. We will provide more details on page 28, but we continue to monitor and engage the highly fluid trade environment each day on behalf of the industry.
During the early days of the Trump Administration we worked closely with government agencies to repeal the Bureau of Land Management’s costly Planning 2.0 regulations. We were also successful in encouraging the delay of new and unworkable GIPSA regulations that would have created a nightmare for cattlemen and women and opened the door to costly and unnecessary Continued on page 12
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Angus calves also bring higher prices than similar calves of any other breed, a combined average of nearly $7/cwt.b more, on average. In fact, packers pay Angus producers $1 million in premiums per week.c Year after year, Angus simply offers the best genetics and payout possible. Take the guesswork out of bull buying. Invest in reliable, registered Angus genetics.
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STATE OF NCBA Continued from page 9
lawsuits. Since the start of the year, we’ve accomplished a great deal and it wouldn’t have been possible without the support and strength of NCBA members, state partners and the ongoing engagement in the organization’s grassroots policy process which guides our work.
We celebrated some of these early wins during a record-breaking Cattle Industry Convention in Nashville, Tenn., this year. For those of you who were not in attendance, it was truly a highlight of the year for many who participated. With outstanding educational opportunities, world-class entertainment and the opportunity to participate in the all-important policy
process, we’d strongly encourage you to join us in 2018, when we travel to Phoenix, Ariz., for another great event.
The Policy Process The work we do on behalf of NCBA members and the industry, starts with three important guideposts that are crucial to NCBA. The first is our policy book which is updated each year, starting in Phoenix for 2018. It is constantly evolving and changing to support the vision of NCBA members across the nation. As our business changes, so too does our policy on countless topics. It’s up to our members, state cattlemen’s affiliates and our volunteer leaders to shape the policy that guides our work. That document is augmented and supported by the NCBA strategic plan. Lastly, the Beef Industry LongRange Plan, aligns NCBA and the broader beef industry toward a common set of goals and establishes direction for the future. Together, these three documents drive our plan of work and allow us to move forward on a plan of work which ensures a vibrant future for beef. NCBA’s policy process begins with ideas put forward at local cattlemen’s meetings and those ideas pass through state cattlemen’s associations to NCBA policy committees before being voted upon by the NCBA Board of Directors and ultimately approved by an individual ballot vote by every NCBA member. The strength of the NCBA policy process and the unified voice of more than 25,000 individual cattle producers, gives us strength in Washington, D.C., and when our staff speaks Continued on page 14
STATE OF NCBA Continued from page 12
representatives of the government understand they are speaking for you. It’s the primary reason NCBA has a track-record of success dating back more than a century and it’s why NCBA continues to be successful in working for our members.
NCBA members and industry stakeholders continue to give the organization high marks for leadership and the work we do in Washington, D.C, but we must continue to grow our ranks, if we want to continue our success. We encourage each member to do their part and recruit three new members between now and the end of the year. By standing together and recruiting our friends and neighbors, we know we’ll be creating a better future for the next generation of cattlemen and women.
Challenged by Outsiders Although we’ve managed some major accomplishments on the NCBA policy agenda this year, we cannot become complacent. There’s still much work to be done and there will always be countless unforseen issues that arise and we must stand together to ensure we can combat against those threats to the future of beef. Foremost among those concerns is the growing impact that activists are having on the beef industry. In the past, during election years, beef producers could count on animal rights activists promoting ballot box measures that would attempt to regulate production practices. For several years, we’ve seen animal rights groups such as the Humane Society of the United States (HSUS) push this tactic with mixed success. They successfully passed Proposition 2, and mandated production practices in California. The result was a catastrophic decline in egg production there. HSUS has attempted similar efforts in Missouri, Colorado and elsewhere with mixed results. Now HSUS, PETA and other activists are working new angles and infiltrating producer, conservation and sportsman’s groups to promote change from the inside. In the case of beef, these activists are masquerading as members of the producer community to gain standing and derail popular and long-standing programs like the beef checkoff. This unholy alliance with producer groups Continued on page 16
STATE OF NCBA Continued from page 14
provides HSUS and others with the opportunity to use the court system to weaken the beef checkoff which enjoys the support of most beef producers. The animal rights activists at HSUS know that weakening the beef checkoff will lessen consumer demand for beef and consumption will decline. By dividing our industry and weakening producer-directed programs, removing beef from the plate and cattle from the land will occur much faster than they could otherwise achieve by mandating production practices one state at a time. HSUS and other activist groups are constantly working to divide beef producers and it’s time for every cattleman and cattlewoman to step forward and stop their work. The beef checkoff is the only producer-directed, selffunded effort that directly benefits our industry. We must protect the checkoff and defend it against these well-funded attacks by HSUS and others. Without it, the future of beef demand is certainly in question and that’s exactly what the activists expect.
More Work Ahead As beef producers, we know that there is always more work to be done and that applies to the volunteer leaders and staff at NCBA too. We know that many of our policy priorities take years to achieve and each requires the significant assistance of our members, state partners, volunteer leaders and stakeholders to get them across the goal line. We’re grateful to have your outstanding support, so I’d like to extend a heartfelt ‘thank you,” to each of you. We wouldn’t be successful without your support. If you’re reading this and you aren’t yet a member of NCBA or your state and local cattlemen’s association, please take a moment and join today. Your investment is crucial to the ongoing success of each organization. If you’re already a member, we thank you again and challenge you to recruit a new member now. The investment you make in the future of the beef community goes a long way to ensuring a brighter future for you, your family and the next generation of cattlemen and cattlewomen.
Have you ever wished you could have an impact on the future of the cattle industry? You can by contributing to NCBA PAC. $1,250,000
We can’t all run for office or travel to Washington, D.C., to speak with each representative or senator. We can’t familiarize ourselves with every issue. We have our ranches to run.
as of 8/14/2017
But, we can help elect officials who understand our needs. We can provide our staff in Washington, D.C., the access they need to Congress. We can give them the opportunity to address the issues for us.
Help us achieve our goal of $1,250,000 for the 2017 election cycle!
Make a contribution—make an impact! We all have our own level at which we can offer our support.
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To learn more or donate, visit: www.beefusa.org/politicalaction.aspx or call 866-BEEF-USA
We value our members and we hope you value your membership! So we are challenging you to â€œJUST ASKâ€? a friend, neighbor, or fellow producer to join NCBA and help us continue fighting for you! Recruit 3 new members and become a member of the Top Hand Club!
For more information on the Top Hand Club or your NCBA membership please call 866.233.3872 or visit us online at www.NCBA.org
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UPDATE ON POLICY 2017 has certainly been an eventful year in Washington, D.C., for America’s cattle and beef industry. A new president and Administration swept into town on January 20 and much of the partisan gridlock that marked most of the previous decade was quickly broken – especially on the regulatory front.
Wo r k i n g H a rd to Ac h i eve S u cce ss
Of course, Washington hasn’t solved every challenge facing our industry yet – international trade and access to foreign markets has been a mixed bag, and many legislative battles remain ahead on Capitol Hill, such as comprehensive tax reform and the 2018 Farm Bill. More on those issues in a bit, but let’s start with the area where we’ve seen the most progress so far: the regulatory front. • BLM 2.0 Rule Repealed. After the U.S. House and Senate passed a Resolution of Disapproval regarding President Obama’s BLM Planning 2.0 rule, President Trump signed it into law on March 27. The 2.0 rule would have forced the Bureau of Land Management to prioritize social and environmental change over ensuring the multiple use of public lands.
UPDATE ON POLICY interim final rule would be delayed an additional six months to Oct. 19. NCBA has led the fight against the rule for years, pointing out that the rule would effectively kill our industry’s value-added programs and be a boon for trial lawyers.
• Waters of the United States Rule Rescinded. President Trump on February 28 signed an executive order that triggered a reconsideration of the Obama-era WOTUS rule. EPA then took action on June 26 to officially rescind the flawed rule. While the rule isn’t officially dead yet, NCBA will continue to work to make sure that cattle producers finally get the sanity and clarity they need on land-use policy. (Amusingly, when EPA Administrator Scott Pruitt met with Colorado ranchers in August to ask for input on whether to move forward on waters issues, radical environmental activists nearly lost their collective minds – apparently the idea of an EPA Administrator actually listening to ranchers is too much for them to handle!)
Progress on international trade has been more of a challenge, on the other hand. Soon after taking office, President Trump officially withdrew the United States from the proposed Trans Pacific Partnership (TPP), which would have put American producers on equal footing with our Australian competitors in Japan. Trump also triggered the renegotiation of the North American Free Trade Agreement and threatened to pull out of the Korea-U.S. Free Trade Agreement (KORUS). However, the Trump Administration successfully helped reopen the Chinese market to U.S.produced beef for the first time since late 2003. For a more detailed analysis of trade issues in 2017, please see the adjacent article, “Update on Trade.”
• GIPSA Rule Delayed. On April 11, USDA’s Grain Inspection, Packers and Stockyards Administration (GIPSA) announced that the effective date of its www.NCBA.org
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UPDATE ON POLICY And, of course, there are many unfinished battles remaining on Capitol Hill. NCBA is once again leading the charge to fully and permanently repeal the death tax, as well as maintain positive provisions in the tax code, such as stepped-up basis, interest deductions, and cash accounting. As the tax-reform debate continues in Washington through the rest of 2017, NCBA will also push to reform like-kind exchanges so farmers and ranchers have more time to complete tax-deferred transactions, as well as support proposals to allow for the immediate expensing of capital purchases for livestock producers.
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Another significant item that remains on Congress’ to-do list is legislation to modernize the Endangered Species Act. Specifically, NCBA is lobbying to require recovery plans at the time of listing that include population objectives, the implementation of measurable benchmarks that trigger an automatic delisting once population objectives have been met, and is encouraging voluntary pre-listing conservation through the states. Looming just on the horizon is the 2018 Farm Bill. Throughout 2017, NCBA has been meeting with elected officials across Capitol Hill, lobbying for the Farm Bill to include a strong research title to make sure cattle producers remain as efficient and
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UPDATE ON POLICY competitive as possible. The Farm Bill also needs a strong conservation title to protect programs like the Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP). Finally, NCBA believes the bill should also
guarantee a free, open, and private marketplace, as well as a robust and preventative animal-health program – including an adequate Foot-and-Mouth Disease (FMD) vaccine bank to respond to any potential outbreaks. NCBA is also working to improve the Agricultural Conservation Easement Program (ACEP) to make sure it works for producers without the burden of red tape. It’s also worth noting that separate from any individual policy item, yet simultaneously relevant to nearly every one of them, is the fact that people who are very knowledgeable of – and generally sympathetic to – production agriculture are now in positions that can have huge impacts on the lives of cattle producers. Former Georgia Gov. Sonny Perdue is Agriculture Secretary. Former Montana Congressman Ryan Zinke is Interior Secretary. Former Oklahoma Attorney General Scott Pruitt,
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UPDATE ON POLICY who sued EPA in his prior position, now runs that agency and received a standing ovation at NCBA’s Legislative Conference in March. Former NCBA Chief Economist Gregg Doud is nominated to be our nation’s top agricultural trade negotiator. Former aide to U.S. Sen. Thom Tillis of North Carolina, Ray Starling, is the President’s special assistant for agriculture, trade, and food assistance. The importance of having solid staffers in key positions can’t be overstated.
just how long a window of opportunity is going to remain open before it slams shut, so we all need to work together to achieve as many gains as possible while we can.
There are many other issues of importance to cattle producers that are being considered in Washington in the coming months – issues such as Electronic Logging Devices (ELDs), the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA), and immigration – just to name a few. Our industry has made some real gains in 2017, and we have a window of opportunity in which to accomplish a great deal more. That said, it’s never clear
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UPDATE ON TRADE Tra d e i s a Wi n n e r fo r A m e r i c a
The world of trade politics was more turbulent this year than any other in recent memory. It started with a bang at the tail end of 2016: President Donald Trump swept to victory in the Presidential election on the heels of a loud campaign against free trade. After months of attacking U.S. trade agreements as the root cause of job loss and slow economic recovery, President Trump moved swiftly to deliver on his campaign promises to withdraw the United States from the Trans-Pacific Partnership and to withdraw from the North American Free Trade Agreement. Despite vocal opposition from NCBA and other farm groups, President Trump withdrew the United States from the TPP, erasing hard-won market access for U.S. beef negotiated under the agreement in one fell swoop. He did not spare NAFTA from his crosshairs, either. President Trumpâ€™s threat to withdraw the United States from NAFTA drew harsh criticism from the agriculture sector. Fortunately, he decided to proceed with renegotiating the agreement instead of withdrawing â€“ although his threats of terminating the deal have continued. A third agreement that is critical
U PDATE ON TR ADE to our industry – the South Korea-United States Trade Agreement (KORUS) – is also under threat of withdrawal.
the United States Department of Agriculture. Agriculture
President Trump’s continued threat to disrupt U.S. beef access to our major export markets is a cause of great concern for U.S. beef producers. American cattlemen and women have a right to be worried. International trade is integral to our industry. That was true in the 1860s, when advances in refrigeration technology and transportation first allowed the export of dressed U.S. beef to the United Kingdom. It remains true today, as we compete in markets around the world to supply the highest quality beef to the 96 percent of consumers who live outside the United States. In the face of uncertainty on America’s trade policy, NCBA has been actively engaging with the Administration and Congress to explain how access to foreign markets – or the lack thereof – impacts U.S. beef producers. We will continue to advocate forcefully for international market access because we know that exports benefit every segment of our industry. Cow-calf operators and feeders may not sell directly to foreign customers, but in the modern economy cattle prices are driven by global beef demand; the value of exports alone accounted for $339 per head in the first quarter of 2017. There have been some bright spots on the trade front. After 13 long years, and countless meetings with government officials and industry stakeholders, U.S. beef is once again eligible for export to China. With 1.3 billion consumers and rapidly expanding middle class, the Chinese market holds incredible promise. NCBA has also been encouraged by the senior leadership choices at www.NCBA.org
Secretary Sonny Perdue is a business-minded leader who understands the importance of trade to agricultural producers. The nominee for USDA’s Under Secretary of Trade and Foreign Agriculture, Ted McKinney, is a seasoned industry professional who previously worked with the U.S. Meat Export Federation. Anti-trade noise and rhetoric notwithstanding, NCBA is confident that more successes lie ahead. But there is much work to be done. As 2017 winds down, here are a few of the key trade policy priorities NCBA will be pushing in Washington, D.C.
NAFTA 2.0 The NCBA position on NAFTA renegotiations (or NAFTA 2.0) has been loud and clear: do no harm. We recognize that parts of NAFTA could use an update. Much has changed in North American economy since the agreement first took effect in 1993 under the Clinton Administration. However, for the U.S. beef industry, it is difficult to improve on unrestricted, duty-free access to Canada and Mexico. The terms of NAFTA have allowed U.S. producers to flourish, and the agreement represents NATIONAL CATTLEMEN
U PDATE ON TR ADE one of the greatest success stories in the history of the American beef industry.
a preference for bilateral deals, and an agreement with Japan would be a great place to start.
Consider that U.S. beef used to face a 25 percent tariff when selling products to Mexico. With that tariff removed, U.S. beef exports to Mexico have increased more than 750 percent. Today Mexico and Canada represent two of our largest beef export markets, accounting for roughly $2 billion in annual sales.
Without an agreement in place, U.S. producers will continue to be subject to arbitrary market access restrictions. Earlier this summer, Japan applied a 50 percent tariff on frozen U.S. beef exports that will remain in place until the end of March 2018. Australia, our leading competitor for supplying beef to Japanese consumers, only faces a 27 percent tariff, negotiated under their free trade agreement with Japan. NCBA continues to work with the federal government and industry allies, such as the U.S. Meat Export Federation, to find a solution to the Japanese tariff increase. However, only a bilateral agreement with Japan will permanently address the market access issues U.S. beef faces in that market.
U.S. officials have recognized the importance of the current NAFTA terms for U.S. beef. Ambassador Robert Lighthizer, the United States Trade Representative, even acknowledged the benefits of NAFTA for U.S. agriculture in opening remarks at the first round of NAFTA 2.0 talks. With negotiations moving forward on an aggressive timeline agreed to by all three countries, NCBA will continue to encourage officials to keep the talks narrow in scope and preserve U.S. beef access. NCBA also continues to push back against calls from protectionist interest groups to use NAFTA as a vehicle to reinstate mandatory country-of-origin labeling (mCOOL). No serious proposals for incorporating mCOOL into NAFTA 2.0 have surfaced, but we will remain vigilant to ensure this misguided policy is not resurrected.
Korea-United States Trade Agreement (KORUS) Review
Bilateral Trade Agreement with Japan Under the terms of the TPP, the Japanese tariff on U.S. beef would have declined from 38.5 percent to 9 percent over 16 years. This tariff reduction â€“ the greatest market access ever negotiated for beef into Japan â€“ would have helped the U.S. beef industry expand sales to our largest export market (Japan accounted for $1.5 billion in sales in 2016). In the absence of TPP, NCBA has been urging the Administration to find an alternative avenue for a trade agreement with Japan. President Trump has indicated 28
About 550 miles from Tokyo, just across the Sea of Japan, lies South Korea. South Korea is our second largest export market, and U.S. beef has grown at an exponential rate in that market under KORUS. A comprehensive review of the agreement is underway, as President Trump and other senior U.S. officials have expressed concern that KORUS has negatively impacted the U.S. trade deficit. A preliminary meeting in August between Ambassador Lighthizer and the Korean Trade Minister Hyun-chong Kim did not produce any details of possible modifications, but NCBA will be watching closely as talks progress. For U.S. beef, the KORUS Agreement represents the gold standard of trade agreements. It eliminates tariffs and establishes some of the strongest science-based DIRECTIONS 2017
U PDATE ON TR ADE standards the world has seen. When previous South Korean tariffs of 40 percent were reduced, U.S. producers were finally put on equal footing with competitors in Australia. The results speak for themselves. Annual sales of U.S. beef to South Korea exploded from $582 million in 2012 to $1.06 billion in 2016 – a whopping jump of 82 percent. Similarly, exports spiked from 125,614 metric tons in 2012 to 179,280 metric tons last year – a 42 percent surge. NCBA sent a letter to Ambassador Lighthizer and Agriculture Secretary Sonny Perdue in July emphasizing this record of success, and urged them to protect our ability to export to South Korea on preferential terms.
We All Play a Part All the talk of international negotiations and selling to foreign markets may make trade policy seem like a fight taking place in a far-off land. In fact, trade policy battles take place in our own backyard. All of us in the industry who reap the benefits of open markets around the world have a role to play in ensuring America’s trade policies protect and promote the interests of U.S. beef. You
can start by talking to your family, friends, and elected representatives about how trade impacts your livelihood. People who speak out against trade in our communities are often unaware of the benefits trade brings to rural America each and every day. At a recent policy conference, Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell said Congressional leaders have a “selling job” to do if they hope to convince people that “trade is a winner for America.” In some ways he is right. Our elected officials need to stand up for international trade even when it may not be politically convenient. But with trust in political leaders at an all-time low, their voices alone will not be enough to drown out the chorus of anti-trade activists. Top-down does not work in the countryside. Ranchers know that better than anyone. If we want to win broad support for international trade in America – and preserve the benefits it provides to U.S. beef producers – all of us working at the local and grassroots level will need to pitch in.
UPDATE ON THE MARKET So Far This Year
2 01 7 C at t l e M a r ke t s . . . a n d a Lo o k A h e a d to 2 01 8 D e r re l l S . Pe e l B re e d l ove P ro fe ss o r o f Ag r i b u s i n e ss a n d E x te n s i o n L i ve sto c k M a r ke t i n g S p e c i a l i st , O k l a h o m a St ate U n i ve r s i t y
Through the first three-quarters of the year, 2017 has, by and large, been a pleasant surprise. Fed and feeder cattle prices peaked higher than expected in the second quarter before declining seasonally into the summer. Feeder cattle prices are holding at or slightly higher than the same time last year while fed cattle price dropped below year ago levels due to late summer seasonal pressure. Feedlots enjoyed record profitability through the first half of the year before returns dropped with declining August fed cattle prices. Aggressive feedlot marketings largely kept pace with increased feedlot placements limiting the growth of feedlot inventories in the face of overall growth in cattle numbers. Cattle and beef prices have been supported strong domestic and international beef demand. Despite a year to date increase in beef production of over four percent, retail beef prices have generally increased month to month and are currently very close to a year DIRECTIONS 2017
UPDATE ON THE MARKET ago levels. After dropping sharply from an impressive and surprising peak in May and June, boxed beef prices are holding close to year earlier levels late in the third quarter. International trade has helped support cattle prices in 2017 with beef exports up 14.5 percent for the first 7 months of the year and beef imports down 4.3 percent over the same period. For the year to date, Japan is the top export market with 30.3 percent of U.S. beef exports, followed by South Korea (16.0 percent); Mexico (14.7 percent); Canada (11.5 percent) and Hong Kong (10.3 percent). The top five export destinations represent nearly 83 percent of total U.S. beef exports. Major sources of beef imports include Canada with 22.9 percent of total imports; followed closely by New Zealand (22.7 percent); Australia (20.9 percent); Mexico (19.0 percent) and Brazil (5.2 percent). These
five import sources represent almost 91 percent of total beef imports in the first seven months of 2017. Cattle producers in many regions have been challenged in 2017 by a host of natural disasters including spring wildfires in the southern plains; summer and fall wildfires in the northern Rockies and Pacific Northwest; drought across the northern plains; and hurricanes Harvey and Irma. While none of these individually or even collectively are likely to impact cattle and beef markets much, these events have huge impacts on affected producers.
Finishing up 2017 Fed and feeder cattle prices, along with boxed beef prices are all expected to remain above year ago levels in the fourth quarter. Feeder cattle prices will be subject Continued on page 34
Top Export Market of U.S. Beef
Top Import Sourses of Beef
16.0% South Korea
22.7% New Zealand
10.3% Hong Kong Top five destinations represent nearly 83% of total U.S. beef exports.
5.2% Brazil Top five import sources represent nearly 91% of total beef imports. NATIONAL CATTLEMEN
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UPDATE ON THE MARKET Continued from page 31
to typical seasonal price pressure this fall. A larger 2017 calf crop will increase fall calf supplies but generally good forage conditions, especially in the southern half of the country, combined with continued feedlot
demand for feedlot cattle, are expected to hold feeder prices to seasonal declines. Fed cattle and boxed beef prices are expected to stabilize from summer lows and move seasonally higher in the fourth quarter. Feed costs are expected to remain favorable for cattle producers with hay and concentrate prices close to year earlier levels. Cow-calf producers have decent prospects for modest returns depending on individual cost of production. Feedlot margins are squeezed at the end of the third quarter but may improve in the fourth quarter with fed prices expected to improve relative to feeder cattle prices. Beef production will continue growing in the fourth quarter, though with a smaller year over year increase compared to earlier quarters. For the year, 2017 beef production is projected to be up 4 to 4.5 percent over 2016. Total cattle slaughter will likely be up 5 to 5.5 percent with smaller carcass weights partially offsetting increased slaughter. Steer and heifer carcass weights have averaged about 14 pounds below last year through August. Carcass weights will reach a seasonal peak in
BEEF PRODUCTION vs. BEEF COW INVENTORY Inventory on January 1, U.S. Mil. Head 37 36 35 34 33 32 31 30 29 28 1987
Bil. Pounds 28 Commercial Beef Production >>>
26 25 24 23 <<< Beef Cow Inventory
Livestock Marketing Information Center Data Source: USDA-NASS, Compiled & Analysis by LMIC and Derrell Peel
2017 Beef Production projected; 2018 Production & Inventory forecast DIRECTIONS 2017
UPDATE ON THE MARKET the fourth quarter but are expected to remain below year ago levels through the end of the year.
A Look Ahead to 2018 Cattle numbers and beef production will be higher, yet again, in 2018. The beef cow herd almost certainly continued expanding in 2017, albeit at a slower pace than 2016. Estimates for 2017 beef cow herd expansion vary from less than one percent to a nearly two percent year over year increase by January 2018. Heifer and beef cow Continued on page 56
The Bald-Faced Truth About Hereford genetics Itâ€™s obvious â€“ Hereford-sired calves deliver a $51 increase in net profit per cow, per year.* Hereford genetics bring legendary hybrid vigor, improved fertility, feed efficiency and easy-handling docility to your program. Read the research, and see why Hereford heterosis pays off, at Hereford.org/genetics.
*Compared to Angus-sired calves. Source: Daley, David A. and Earley, Sean P. Impacts of Crossbreeding on Profitability in Vertically Coordinated Beef Industry Marketing Systems. American Hereford Association. Retrieved from https://hereford.org/ wp-content/uploads/2017/02/HarrisHeterosisReport.pdf. 57100-D03
DIRECTIONS Statistics is made to ensure the information contained within is accurate, some individual operations may have been overlooked and others may have chosen not to be included.
The National Cattlemen’s Beef Association is pleased to present the 23rd annual edition of Directions. This special edition of National Cattlemen includes useful beef industry trends and statistics, as well as information about NCBA and current priorities.
If you would like to participate in next year’s listings, please contact NCBA at 866-BEEF-USA and request to be included in the 2018 survey. Please note that all listings must meet the rankings criteria to be considered.
The information included in this section is compiled each year by the analysts at CattleFax over the course of several months. The information comes from open, voluntary and proprietary sources. While every effort
Cattle and Calves on Farms (000 head)
2016 2017 TREND 93.6 million head, up from 91.9 million head on Jan. 1, 2016. According to USDA’s National Region I 12.1% 12.0% Agricultural Statistics Service, cattle numbers increased in every region of the United States Indiana 890 FLAT 890 DOWN 2,160 Kentucky 2,170 from the prior year. Maryland 190 DOWN 186 Michigan 1,140 UP 1,180 New England* 512 UP 514 2016 2017 2016 2017 New York 1,460 UP 1,490 TREND 1,250 UP 1,300 TREND Ohio Region VII 19.9% 19.8% Pennsylvania 1,600 UP 1,620 Region III 16.5% 16.4% Kansas 6,250 UP 6,400 Illinois 1,180 UP 1,220 Virginia 1,490 UP 1,520 Nebraska 6,450 FLAT 6,450 Iowa 3,950 DOWN 3,850 West Virginia 390 UP 405 UP 1,810 North Dakota 1,710 Minnesota 2,420 DOWN 2,400 Total 11,092 UP 11,365 South Dakota 3,900 DOWN 3,850 *Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Missouri 4,100 UP 4,350 Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Total 18,310 UP 18,510 Wisconsin 3,500 UP 3,550 New Jersey, Rhode Island Total 15,150 UP 15,370 and Vermont
Jan. 1, 2017 • Cattle and calf numbers were up 2 percent from the previous year at
2016 2017 TREND Region V 12.5% 12.5% Alaska 11 UP 13 Colorado 2,700 UP 2,850 Idaho 2,390 DOWN 2,350 Montana 2,650 FLAT 2,650 Oregon 1,310 UP 1,320 Washington 1,150 FLAT 1,150 Wyoming 1,310 UP 1,330 Total 11,521 UP 11,643
2016 2017 TREND Region II 9.5% 9.4% Alabama 1,250 UP 1,300 Florida 1,680 UP 1,700 1,100 FLAT 1,100 Georgia Louisiana 770 UP 780 Mississippi 940 DOWN 890 North Carolina 800 UP 830 South Carolina 340 FLAT 340 Tennessee 1,830 FLAT 1,830 8,710 UP 8,770 Total
2016 2017 TREND Region VI 9.6% 9.7% Arizona 900 UP 970 California 5,150 FLAT 5,150 Hawaii 140 UP 142 New Mexico 1,370 UP 1,430 Nevada 435 UP 445 Utah 840 UP 920 8,835 UP 9,057 Total
2016 2017 TREND Region IV 19.9% 20.4% Arkansas 1,700 UP 1,750 Oklahoma 4,800 UP 5,000 Texas 11,800 UP 12,300 Total 18,300 UP 19,050
Top 25 Seedstock Operators 7
10 13 9 17 21 6 5, 8 16 20 23 24 12 22 21 714 4 15 18 22 2 1 11
Express Ranches Yukon, OK
Owner: Robert A. Funk Mgr./CEO: Jarold Callahan Additional Locations: New Mexico Subsidiaries: Express Cattle Feeding Xcel Feedyards # Registered Females: 5,500 Total Marketings: 4,700 Breeds Utilized: Angus and Hereford
Sitz Angus Ranch
Owners: Bob & Jim Sitz and Family Mgr./CEO: Bob & Jim Sitz Additional Locations: N/A Subsidiaries: N/A # Registered Females: 2,000 Total Marketings: 1,550 Breeds Utilized: Angus
Gardiner Angus Ranch Ashland, KS
Owners: The Henry Gardiner Family Mgr./CEO: The Henry Gardiner Family Additional Locations: N/A Subsidiaries: N/A # Registered Females: 1,115 Total Marketings: 3,493 Breeds Utilized: Angus
Thomas Angus Ranch Baker City, OR
Owners: The Thomas Family Mgr./CEO: Robert Thomas Additional Locations: Wyoming Subsidiaries: ET Northwest, LLC # Registered Females: 1,200 Total Marketings: 1,338 Breeds Utilized: Angus
Owner: Bob McClaren Mgr./CEO: Doug Slattery Additional Locations: N/A Subsidiaries: 44 Farms Steaks # Registered Females: 2,178 Total Marketings: 2,023 Breeds Utilized: Angus
Ludvigson Stock Farms Billings, MT
Owners: The Ludvigson Family Mgr./CEO: Ryan Ludvigson Additional Locations: North Dakota, Oregon, Missouri, Iowa, New Mexico Subsidiaries: LN Cattle Company, Orion Beef Group # Registered Females: 1,600 Total Marketings: 1,320 Breeds Utilized: Red Angus, Red SimAngus
Leachman Cattle of Colorado, LLC Fort Collins, CO
Owners: Lee Leachman, Mike Browning, Tim Watts Mgr./CEO: Lee Leachman Additional Locations: N/A Subsidiaries: N/A # Registered Females: 5,000 Total Marketings: 1,985 Breeds Utilized: Angus, Red Angus, Charolais, Stabilizer
Three Forks, MT
Owner: Paul Doddridge Mgr./CEO: Greg Strohecker Additional Locations: N/A Subsidiaries: N/A # Registered Females: 1,600 Total Marketings: 1,135 Breeds Utilized: Angus
Vermilion Ranch Billings, MT
Owners: Pat Goggins Family Mgr./CEO: Joe Goggins Additional Locations: N/A Subsidiaries: N/A # Registered Females: 2,300 Total Marketings: 1,750 Breeds Utilized: Angus
DeBruycker Charolais Dutton, MT
Owners: DeBruycker Family Mgr./CEO: Lloyd DeBruycker Additional Locations: N/A Subsidiaries: N/A # Registered Females: 2,300 Total Marketings: 1,100 Breeds Utilized: Charolais
Langford Herefords & Hybrids Okmulgee, OK
Owners: Leon Langford & Family Mgr./CEO Watson Langford Additional Locations: New Mexico, Texas Subsidiaries: N/A # Registered Females: 850 Total Marketings: 1,062 Breeds Utilized: Hereford, Angus
Schaff Angus Valley
St, Anthony, ND
Stevensonâ€™s Diamond Dot Cattle Co. Hobson, MT
Owners: Clint Stevenson Family Mgr./CEO: Clint Stevenson Additional Locations: N/A Subsidiaries: N/A # Registered Females: 1,350 Total Marketings: 722 Breeds Utilized: Angus
Owners: Greg, Tucker & Sam Shaw Families Mgr./CEO: Greg Shaw Additional Locations: N/A Subsidiaries: N/A # Registered Females: 1,550 Total Marketings: 1,005 Breeds Utilized: Hereford, Black Angus, Red Angus
Owners: Kelly & Martie Schaff Mgr./CEO: Kelly Schaff Additional Locations: N/A Subsidiaries: N/A # Registered Females: 1,100 Total Marketings: 883 Breeds Utilized: Angus
Shaw Cattle Company, Inc.
Mytty Angus Ranch Florence, MT
Owners: Kevin & Traci Mytty Mgr./CEO: N/A Additional Locations: N/A Subsidiaries: N/A # Registered Females: 450 Total Marketings: 865 Breeds Utilized: Angus
Jorgensen Land & Cattle Ideal, SD
Owners: Greg, Bryan, Cody & Nick Jorgensen Mgr./CEO: Cody Jorgensen Additional Locations: N/A Subsidiaries: N/A # Registered Females: 759 Total Marketings: 650 Breeds Utilized: Angus
Eaton Charolais Lindsay, MT
Owners: Eaton Family Mgr./CEO: Lee Eaton Additional Locations: N/A Subsidiaries: N/A # Registered Females: 2,100 Total Marketings: 940 Breeds Utilized: Charolais
Schurrtop Angus & Charolois Farnam & Maywood, NE
Owner: John L. Schurr Mgr./CEO: Marty & Ryan Schurr Additional Locations: N/A Subsidiaries: N/A # Registered Females: 1,325 Total Marketings: 807 Breeds Utilized: Angus, Charolais
Wulf Cattle Morris, MN
Owner: Riverview dba Wulf Cattle Mgr./CEO: Jerry Wulf Additional Locations: Nebraska, South Dakota Subsidiaries: N/A # Registered Females: 2,100 Total Marketings: 620 Breeds Utilized: Limousin, LimFlex, Angus
Nichols Farms Ltd. Bridgewater, IA
Family Ownership Mgr./CEO: J. David Nichols Additional Locations: N/A Subsidiaries: Ayers Stock Farm, Nichols Farms Wisconsin Division, Havens Cattle Co., Lincoln Center Partnership # Registered Females: 1,900 Total Marketings: 920 Breeds Utilized: Angus, Simmental, South Devon
Deer Valley Farm
Owner: Dr. Fred Clark Mgr./CEO: Jonathan Perry Additional Locations: N/A Subsidiaries: N/A # Registered Females: 1,400 Total Marketings: 800 Breeds Utilized: Angus
HeartBrand Beef Flatonia, TX
Owners: Beeman Family Mgr./CEO: Bill Fielding Additional Locations: Texas, South Dakota, New Mexico, Arkansas, Idaho Subsidiaries: Certified Akaushi Beef, Bovina Feeders, American Akaushi Association, Caviness Beef Packers # Registered Females: N/A Total Marketings: 610 Breeds Utilized: Akaushi
Owners: Connealy Family Mgr./CEO: Connealy Family Additional Locations: N/A Subsidiaries: N/A # Registered Females: 2,500 Total Marketings: 902 Breeds Utilized: Angus
Bieber Red Angus Leola, SD
Owners: Craig & Peggy Bieber, Ron & Lois Bieber Mgr./CEO: Craig Bieber Additional Locations: N/A Subsidiaries: RAB Ranch # Registered Females: 1,130 Total Marketings: 792 Breeds Utilized: Red Angus, Simmental Hybrids
Schiefelbein Farms Kimball, MN
Yon Family Farms
Ridge Point, SC
Owner: Owners: Kevin & Lydia Yon Frank Schiefelbein Family Mgr./CEO: Mgr./CEO: Kevin Yon Schiefelbein Family Additional Locations: N/A Additional Locations: N/A Subsidiaries: N/A Subsidiaries: Schiefelbein Feeders, # Registered LLC Females: 1,450 # Registered Females: Total Marketings: 850 610 Total Marketings: Breeds Utilized: 610 Angus, SimAngus, Ultrablack Breeds Utilized: Angus, SimAngus
Top 25 Cow-Calf Operators 12
6 15 8
10 15 21
Deseret Cattle & Citrus St. Cloud, FL
Head Office: St. Cloud, FL Owner: Farmland Reserve, Inc. CEO: K. Erik Jacobsen States of Operation: Florida
Padlock Ranch Company Ranchester, WY
Head Office: Ranchester, WY Owner: Scott Family CEO: Trey Patterson States of Operation: Wyoming, Montana
Simplot Livestock Co. Grand View, ID
Head Office: Grand View, ID Owner: Simplot Family CEO: Thomas J. Basabe States of Operation: Idaho, Oregon, Nevada, Utah
Seminole Tribe of Florida, Inc. Brighton, FL
Head Office: Brighton, FL Owner: Seminole Tribe CEO: Mitchel Cypress States of Operation: Florida, Georgia
King Ranch Houston, TX
Head Office: Houston, TX Owner: King Ranch Family Shareholders CEO: Robert Underbrink States of Operation: Texas, Florida
Matador Cattle Company Wichita, KS
Head Office: Wichita, KS Owner: Koch Industries CEO: Damon Cox States of Operation: Kansas, Texas, Montana
25 11 17 4 , 9 13 17 & 13 14 22
Lykes Bros. Inc.
Head Office: Okeechobee, FL Owner: N/A CEO: Charles P. Lykes, Jr. States of Operation: Florida
Rollins Ranches Okeechobee, FL
Head Office: Okeechobee, FL Owner: LOR, Inc.. CEO: N/A States of Operation: Florida, Georgia, Texas
Silver Spur Land and Cattle Encampment, WY
Head Office: Encampment, WY Owner: N/A CEO: Thad York States of Operation: Wyoming, Colorado, Nebraska, New Mexico
Singleton Properties LLC Lamy, NM
Head Office: Lamy, NM Owner: Singleton Family CEO: Will Singleton States of Operation: New Mexico, California
Lightsey Cattle Co.
Lake Wales, FL
Head Office: Lake Wales, FL Owner: Cary and Layne Lightsey CEO: N/A States of Operation: Florida, Georgia
Amarillo, TX Head Office: Amarillo, TX
Owner: 100% Employee Owned CEO: Paul Defoor and Bradley W. Hastings States of Operation: Kansas
Spade Ranches, Ltd Lubbock, TX
Head Office: Lubbock, TX Owners: Bassham and Chappell Families CEO: Wesley Welch States of Operation: Texas
Parker Ranch, Inc. Kameula, HI
Head Office: Kameula, HI Owner: Parker Ranch Foundation Trust CEO: Neil “Dutch” Kuyper States of Operation: Hawaii
Adams Ranch Inc. Ft. Pierce, FL
Head Office: Ft. Pierce, FL Owner: Adams Family CEO: Michael Adams States of Operation: Florida, Georgia
Head Office: Immokalee, FL Owner: The Colliers CEO: C.W. Stoner, Jr. States of Operation: Florida
Williamson Cattle Company Okeechobee, FL
Head Office: Okeechobee, FL Owner: Williamson Family CEO: Wes Williamson States of Operation: Florida, Alabama, Texas
Ellison Ranching CO Tuscarora, NV
Head Office: Tuscarora, NV Owner: Ellison Family CEO: Pete Ellison States of Operation: Nevada, Idaho
Pitchfork Land and Cattle Guthrie, TX
Head Office: Guthrie, TX Owner: Williams Family CEO: Mary Randolph Ballinger States of Operation: Texas, Oklahoma
Duane Martin Livestock Ione, CA
Head Office: Ione, CA Owner: Duane Martin CEO: Duane Martin States of Operation: California, Oregon, Nevada, Wyoming, Colorado, Nebraksa
Circle A Angus Ranch Iberia, MO
Head Office: Iberia, MO Owner: The Dave Gust Family General Manager: Dave Gust States of Operation: Missouri
Duane Martin, Jr. Livestock Elk Grove, CA
Head Office: Elk Grove, CA Owner: Duane Martin, Jr. CEO: Duane Martin, Jr. States of Operation: California, Oregon, Wyoming, Colorado, Idaho, Nebraska
True Ranches LLC Casper, WY
Head Office: Casper, WY Tie Owner: The True Family CEO: David L True States of Operation: Wyoming
Winecup Gamble Inc. Montello, NV
Head Office: Montello, NV Owner: Fireman Family CEO: James Rogers States of Operation: Nevada
Ryals Cattle Company LLC Acadia, FL
Head Office: Acadia, FL Owner: Ann H. Ryals, H.D. Ryals, II CEO: H.D. Ryals, II States of Operation: Florida
Top 20 Feedlots 6 19
JBS Five Rivers, LLC Greeley, CO
Head Office: Greeley, CO Owner: JBS Swift Subsidiaries: J&F Oklahoma CEO: Mike Thoren Capacity: 950,000 Number of Yards: 12 States of Operation: Arizona, Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas, Colorado, Idaho, Alberta, CN
15 18 11 4 1 6 5 9 10 20 15,15 2 , 3, 6 9 & 12
Cactus Feeders Amarillo, TX
Head Office: Amarillo, TX Owner: 100% Employee Owned Subsidiaries: Spike Box Land & Cattle Co. CEO: Bradley W. Hastings Capacity: 527,000 Number of Yards: 10 States of Operation: Texas, Kansas
Friona Industries, L.P. Amarillo, TX
Head Office: Amarillo, TX Owner: Privately Held Subsidiaries: Friona Ag. Credit Corp. CEO: Brad Stout Capacity: 450,000 Number of Yards: 6 States of Operation: Texas
Green Plains Cattle Company Omaha, NE
Head Office: Omaha, NE Owner: Green Plains Inc. Subsidiaries: N/A CEO: Joel Jarnagin Capacity: 258,000 Number of Yards: 4 States of Operation: Texas, Kansas, Colorado
Catttle Empire LLC Satanta, KS
Head Office: Satanta, KS Owner: Roy N. Brown, Paul J. Brown, Rex A. Brown, Pamela Kells, and DeeAnn Brown Subsidiaries: 4BK Cattle Co. LLC, Empire Repair Services, LLC, Empire Calf Ranch LLC, Empire Prime Ranch LLC CEO: Roy N. Brown Capacity: 245,500 Number of Yards: 5
States of Operation: Kansas
Driving Your Cattle Feeding Business Forward With a Special Breed of Financial Strength Helping your business thrive in today’s evolving industry is what our Agri-business team does best. That’s why we’re proud to support the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association. W. Ashley Allen Bank of America Merrill Lynch 806.463.3911 baml.com/agribusiness
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J. R. Simplot Co. Boise, ID
Head Office: Boise, ID Owner: Simplot Family CEO: Thomas J. Basabe Subsidiaries: Simplot Livestock Co. Capacity: 230,000 Number of Yards: 2 States of Operation: Idaho, Washington
Gottsch Livestock Feeders Elkhorn, NE
Head Office: Elkhorn, NE Owner: Brett and Bill Gottsch CEO: Brett Gottsch Subsidiaries: N/A Capacity: 195,500 Number of Yards: 3 States of Operation: Nebraska
Tie Head Office: Hereford, TX Owner: Livestock Investors LTD CEO: Johnny Trotter Subsidiaries: N/A Capacity: 125,000 Number of Yards: 3 States of Operation: Texas
Foote Cattle Co. Bucyrus, KS
Tie Head Office: Bucyrus, KS Owner: Bob Foote Family CEO: Bob Foote Subsidiaries: N/A Capacity: 230,000 Number of Yards: 5 States of Operation: Kansas, Nebraska
Tejas Feeding Group Amarillo, TX
Head Office: Amarillo, TX Owner: Mike Smith CEO: Mike Smith Subsidiaries: Tejas Trading Company Capacity: 155,000 Number of Yards: 4 States of Operation: Texas
Barrett-Crofoot, Inc. Hereford, TX
Head Office: Hereford, TX Owner: Barrett Families CEO: Ed Barrett Subsidiaries: N/A Capacity: 125,000 Number of Yards: 2 States of Operation: Texas
Oppliger Feedyard, Inc. Amarillo, TX
Head Office: Amarillo, TX Owner: Don Oppliger Family CEO: N/A Subsidiaries: N/A Capacity: 230,000 Number of Yards: 6 States of Operation: Texas, Nebraska, New Mexico
Pinal Feeding Co. Laveen, AZ
Head Office: Laveen, AZ Owner: Northside Hay Company CEO: Earl Petznick, Jr. Subsidiaries: Sacate Pellet Mills Capacity: 150,000 Number of Yards: 3 States of Operation: Arizona
Adams Land & Cattle, LLC Broken Bow, NE
Head Office: Broken Bow, NE Owner: Bill and Jerry Adams CEO: Jerry Adams Subsidiaries: N/A Capacity: 124,000 Number of Yards: 3 States of Operation: Nebraska
Irsik & Doll Feed Services, Inc. Cimarron, KS
Head Office: Cimarron, KS Owner: Privately Held CEO: John M. Petz Subsidiaries: Grain Division Capacity: 215,000 Number of Yards: 6.5 States of Operation: Kansas
Harris Feeding Co. Coalinga, CA
Head Office: Coalinga, CA Owner: John C. Harris CEO: David E. Wood Subsidiaries: Harris Farms, Harris Ranch Beef Co. Capacity: 135,000 Number of Yards: 2 States of Operation: California, Nevada
Agri Beef Co. Boise, ID
Head Office: Boise, ID Owner: Rebholtz Family CEO: Robert Rebholtz Jr. Subsidiaries: AB Foods LLC, Performix Nutrition LLC, Washington Beef LLC Capacity: 115,000 Number of Yards: 5 States of Operation: Washington, Idaho
Innovative Livestock Services Inc. Great Bend, KS
Head Office: Great Bend, KS Owner: Privately Held CEO: Jerry Kuckelman Subsidiaries: ILS Land LLC Capacity: 200,000 Number of Yards: 8 States of Operation: Kansas, Nebraska
Dinklage Feed Yard, Inc. Sidney, NE
Tie Head Office: Sidney, NE Owner: Shareholders CEO: Rex Trumbull Subsidiaries: N/A Capacity: 125,000 Number of Yards: 4 States of Operation: Nebraska, Wyoming, Colorado
Hitch Enterprises, Inc. Guymon, OK
Head Office: Guymon, OK Owner: Hitch Family CEO: Chris and Jason Hitch Subsidiaries: Henry C. Hitch Feedlot Inc., Hitch Feeders 1 Inc. Capacity: 111,000 Number of Yards: 2 States of Operation: Oklahoma
Top 10 Beef Slaughter Operations
Tyson Foods, Inc.
JBS USA, LLC Greeley, CO
Publicly traded company on NYSE CEO: Donnie Smith
Owner: JBSSA Brazil CEO: Andre Nogueira
Daily Slaughter Capacity:
Daily Slaughter Capacity
N/A 2016 Sales: N/A Slaughter Total: N/A Number of Beef Plants: 6
32,000 2016 Sales: $14 Billion Slaughter Total 6 Million Number of Beef Plants: 10
Nebraska Beef Omaha, NE
Greater Omaha Packing Co., Inc. Omaha, NE
Cargill Meat Solutions Wichita, KS
Owner : Cargill, Inc. CEO : Brian Sikes
Caviness Beef Packers, Ltd. Hereford, TX
Subsidiaries: High Country Meats, Trex, Go Express Transportation
Subsidiaries: Palo Duro Meat
Daily Slaughter Capacity:
Daily Slaughter Capacity:
Daily Slaughter Capacity:
2016 Sales: N/A
Slaughter Total: N/A Number of Beef Plants: 1
Slaughter Total: 710,000 Number of Beef Plants: 1
Kansas City, MO
Owners: Leucadia National Corp, U.S. Premium Beef, LLC & others CEO: Tim Klein
American Foods Group Green Bay, WI
Owner: Rosenâ€™s Diversified Inc. CEO: Steven W. Van Lannen
Subsidiaries: Subsidiaries: National Carriers, Inc. N/A National Beef Leathers, LLC, Kansas City Steak Company, LLC Daily Slaughter Capacity Daily Slaughter Capacity: Daily Slaughter Capacity: 12,000 29,000 N/A 2016 Sales 2016 Sales: 2016 Sales: N/A $7.3 Billion $3.6 Billion Slaughter Total: Slaughter Total: Slaughter Total N/A N/A 7 Million Number of Beef Plants: Number of Beef Plants: Number of Beef Plants: 2 10 8
Owner: Caviness Packing Co. CEO: Terry Caviness
2,4502,800 2016 Sales: $1.7 Billion
National Beef Packing Company, LLC
Owner: Henry Davis CEO: Henry Davis
Corporate Owners CEO: William Hughes
2016 Sales: $760 Million Slaughter Total: 490,000 Number of Beef Plants: 1 Company Headquarters
Agri Beef Company Boise, ID
Owners: Rebholtz Family CEO: Robert Rebholtz, Jr.
Corpus Christi, TX
Owners: Fernandez Family CEO: Alfred Bausch
Subsidiaries: Subsidiaries: AB Foods, LLC, N/A Washington Beef, LLC, PerforMix Nutrition Systems LLC Daily Slaughter Capacity: Daily Slaughter Capacity: 1,650 1,500 2016 Sales: 2016 Sales: N/A $450 Million Slaughter Total: N/A Number of Beef Plants: 1
Slaughter Total: 300,000 Number of Beef Plants: 1
The sound of a healthy, weaned calf? Silence.
Cow/Calf Weaned Calf Replacement Heifer Grower/Finisher
ACCURATION ® PRECON ® STRESS CARE ®
Animals speak louder than words. We could tell you how the Purina® All Seasons™ Cattle Nutrition Program is designed to provide nutrition at the right time, resulting in a faster weaning period for calves. But the lack of bawling calves says it all. TM
Your local Purina dealer can tell you more than this ad ever could. Or visit ProofPays.com ©2017 Purina Animal Nutrition LLC. All rights reserved.
Purina® All Seasons™ Cattle Nutrition Program
3 must-haves in a weaned calf nutrition program Silence is golden during the weaning period. Bawling calves? Well, not so much. Evaluating your weaned calf nutrition program may not only result in some much-needed silence but could provide additional benefits to your operation. A weaned calf nutrition program should: 1. Support healthy calves and more pounds Imagine your best calf crop. Those calves likely performed well and looked great. They overcame stress and got straight to eating. Shouldn’t every calf crop be like that? Calves receiving proper nutrition have stronger immune systems and are less likely to get sick. A successful weaning period can also lead to faster weight gain and decreased mortality. The Purina® All Seasons™ Cattle Nutrition Program provides quality, palatable nutrition to help calves overcome the stressors of weaning and get them eating quickly. This can result in healthy calves and more pounds. 2. Be flexible and convenient Whether you need to hand-feed or self-feed, or have limited forage
©2017 Purina Animal Nutrition LLC. All rights reserved. ©2016
or plentiful forage, your nutrition program should complement your operation. The Purina® All Seasons™ Cattle Nutrition Program has flexible feed options that work in both hand-fed (Precon® Complete and Stress Care™ 5 Supplement) and self-fed (Accuration® Starter) scenarios. You can also choose solutions based on your available forage. Purina® Stress Tubs can be used in any situation as a convenient, consistent delivery form of vitamins and minerals for timid or green calves. 3. Give you confidence You should be confident in your weaned calf nutrition program. You need to know you’re doing what’s best for your cattle and operation to move it forward to the next generation. Over 1,800 Proof Pays feeding trials have been completed nationwide on operations just like yours, proving that solutions within the Purina® All Seasons™ Cattle Nutrition Program work. If you need your own proof, you can complete an on-farm feeding trial and let your animals speak to the results. Talk to your local Purina representative, or visit ProofPays.com to start your feeding trial.
Farm: Lucas Cattle Company Location: Missouri Lucas Cattle Company is a 2,400cow, 16,000-acre multi-ranch operation located in Missouri. Recognizing the high-stress timeframe of the weaning period, the operation strives to have their calves eat, gain weight and stay healthy, all of which are designed to be accomplished with the Purina® All Seasons™ Cattle Nutrition Program. “Pulling a calf off its mom and placing it into the weaning environment is probably the most stress a calf will go through in its life. You need those calves to eat, gain weight and stay healthy. Purina’s weaned calf solutions help us accomplish all three things, putting money in our pockets,” says Ernie Brauch, manager of Lucas Cattle Company’s Wheatland Ranch. “Weaning can be traumatic,” adds owner Forrest Lucas. “Keeping calves healthy through this part of their life is a big deal to us.”
Total Retail Meat Supply
Millions of pounds
67.72 Total Poultry 98.38
81.65 2003 17.44 Total Red Meat 118.49 217.58
64.95 Total Poultry 99.09
51.37 66.15 Total Poultry 102.38 50.05 65.58 Total Poultry 102.56
50.78 65.23 Total Poultry 102.75
82.10 2013 15.95 Total Red Meat 104.32 202.38
46.82 56.35 Total Poultry 98.05
83.49 2014 15.53 200.83 Total Red Meat 101.80
46.43 54.23 Total Poultry 99.02
88.99 2015 15.72 Total Red Meat 104.98 209.69
All Other States 27.7% 2,594 U.S. Total 9,349
2. Te xas 1 8
All Other States 15.2% 10. Ida 9. W ho 2 2,002 iscon .1% 8. Ok lahomsin 2.1% a 7. Minnesota 2.2.4% 9% 7. S. Dakota 2.9%.3% 3 fornia % 6. Cali .2 o7 rad o l o 5.C
49.89 55.48 Total Poultry 106.24 Beef
Cattle on Feed (000) Head
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 170 180 190 200 210 220 Turkey Chicken
54.01 49.87 Total Poultry 104.71
89.63 2016 16.61 Total Red Meat 106.46 212.69
% on 2.9 shingt co 3.5% i 10. Wa Mex 4.5% ew n 9. N iga ich M 8. 7. M i
45.94 57.36 Total Poultry 96.68
Top Ten 72.3% 6,755
80.67 2012 16.01 Total Red Meat 104.48 201.17
All Other States 27.7% 2,594
45.73 57.29 Total Poultry 99.25
83.21 2011 16.04 Total Red Meat 104.22 203.47
5. Pennsylvania 5.6%
47.74 59.58 Total Poultry 98.93
61.10 Total Poultry 96.66
82.56 2010 16.37 Total Red Meat 108.63 207.56
U.S. Total 93,584
Total Poultry 101.09
All Other States 42.6% 39,834
Dairy Cattle (000) Head
Top Ten 84.7% 11,065
79.74 Total Red Meat 112.61
Top Ten States 57.4% 53,750
83.47 2008 17.62 Total Red Meat 113.58 214.67
.46 1.06 .43 1.05
Total Poultry 103.54
85.21 2007 17.54 Total Red Meat 117.54 220.29
e 2. N 3. Kansas 6.8% 4. Ca li 5. Ok fornia 5.5 % lah om a5 .3%
All Other States 42.6% 39,834
ras ka 1
86.62 2006 16.93 Total Red Meat 116.72 220.26
2009 16.91 209.27
6.9 ska a r b
85.84 Total Red Meat 117.16
.6% ri 4 sou Mis wa 4.1% 7. Io
2005 16.72 219.72
U.S. Total 31,210
Total Cattle (000) Head
85.32 Total Red Meat 119.16
All Other States 41.7% 13,021.20
2004 17.07 221.54
80.66 Total Red Meat 121.03
2002 17.73 219.42
66.29 Total Poultry 94.27
1. T exa s1
Top Ten States 58.3% 18,189
67.64 Total Poultry 94.31
3. Missouri 6.6% 4. N ebra ska 6 5. S. .2% Da ko ta 5.3 %
1. T exa s
67.50 Total Poultry 93.86
76.73 2001 17.53 212.59 Total Red Meat 118.33
66.69 Total Poultry 89.17
10. N .D 9. Iow akota 3.1 a 3.1% % 8. Kentucky 3.3%
76.96 Total Red Meat 120.65
All Other States 42.7% 13,021
do 3 9. Wisconsin .0% 3.8% 8. S. Dakota 4.1%
2000 17.35 214.96
65.70 Total Poultry 88.67
10. C olora
76.31 Total Red Meat 121.99
4.9% s 5.2%
1999 17.55 215.84
72.04 Total Red Meat 120.10
% 5.0 as ans 6. K 4.8% ntana 7. Mo
1998 17.67 209.81
67.13 Total Poultry 87.36
71.38 1997 17.29 204.30 Total Red Meat 115.63
69.18 Total Red Meat 117.72
1996 18.19 205.09
Beef Cows (000) Head
66.58 Total Poultry 85.56
67.91 51.72 Total Red Meat 120.45
1995 17.64 206.01
Top 10 Cattle Numbers
All Other States 15.2% 2.002 U.S. Total 13,067
In a world full of nails, bring the hammer.
When long lists of chores stretch out in front of you, hit them head on with some big muscle. That’s where the 6M comes in. It’s the mid-spec utility tractor built to stand toe to toe with big jobs on hardworking beef and dairy operations. No complaints, no quitting, no slowing down. Get up to 10,696 (4850 kg) pounds of hitch lift capacity, a maximum of 30 gpm (113 lpm) of pressure and flow compensated hydraulic power that cycles heavy loads fast, and a heavy-duty, full-frame chassis designed to lift, load, and carry the toughest stuff out there.
More power. More getting work done. The 6M.
The rugged 6M. Available in 110 to 195 engine horsepower. With three transmission choices – including the CommandQuad™ – and the option of cab, open station, 2WD and MFWD. Talk to your dealer about getting more done with America’s Tractor.
Live Canadian Imports Fed Steer/Heifers
Fed Steer/Heifers Cows/Bulls 102,587
- Fed Steer/Heifers - Cows/Bulls
Fed Steer/Heifers Cows/Bulls 132
Fed Steer/Heifers 319,372
Fed Steer/Heifers 213,229
Fed Steer/Heifers 227,467
Fed Steer/Heifers Cows/Bulls 190,873
Fed Steer/Heifers Cows/Bulls 260,022
Fed Steer/Heifers Cows/Bulls
Fed Steer/Heifers Cows/Bulls
Fed Steer/Heifers Cows/Bulls
Fed Steer/Heifers Cows/Bulls
377,395 345,786 294,489
50,000 100,000 150,000 200,000 250,000 300,000 350,000 400,000 450,000 500,000 550,000 600,000 650,000 700,000 750,000 800,000 850,000
Feed and Grain
8 7 6
Barley Wheat $4.96 $5.50 Corn $3.40 Sorghum $2.68
5 4 3 2 1 0
Feeder Imports Canada
0 25K 50K 75K 100K 125K 150K 175K 200K 225K 250K 275K 300K 325K 350K 375K 400K 425K 450K 475K 500K 525K 550K 575K 2002
0 100K 200K 300K 400K 500K 600K 700K 800K 900K 1,000K 1,100K 1,200K 1,300K 1,400K 1,500K 2001
2003 – – – – – –
2004 2004 2005 2005 2006 2006 2007 2007 2008 2008
2013 2013 2014 2014 2015 2015 2016 2016
0 25K 50K 75K 100K 125K 150K 175K 200K 225K 250K 275K 300K 325K 350K 375K 400K 425K 450K 475K 500K 525K 550K 575K Washington Idaho Montana Other States U.S. Total North Dakota
0 100K 200K 300K 400K 500K 600K 700K 800K 900K 1,000K 1,100K 1,200K 1,300K 1,400K 1,500K Arizona New Mexico Texas U.S. Total California had no imports.
Millions of pounds 2800 2700 2600 2500 201 2400 2300 2200 2100 587 2000 1900 1800 1700 1600 1500 1400 1300 918 1200 1100 193 1000 1 52 900 800 239 700 227 109 600 1 17 500 58 106 1 400 12 660 56 660 300 586 464 200 333 100 0 2003 2004 2005 2006
Exports Mexico Canada
78 159 159
2,518 Million 460 Million 697 Million 1,145 Million 1,434 Million 1,996 Million 1,935 Million 2,300 Million 2,785 Million 2,452 Million 2,590 Million 2,573 Million 2,266 Million 2,550 Million Pounds Pounds Pounds Pounds Pounds Pounds Pounds Pounds Pounds Pounds Pounds Pounds Pounds Pounds
Millions of pounds 3700 3600 3500 3400 3300 3200 3100 3000 2900 2800 2700 2600 2500 2400 2300 2200 2100 2000 1900 1800 1700 1600 1500 1400 1300 1200 1100 1000 900 800 700 600 500 400 300 200 100 0
Mexico New Zealand
3,006 Million 3,679 Million 3,599 Million 3,085 Million 3,052Million 2,538 Million 2,626 Million 2,298 Million 2,057 Million 2,220 Million 2,250 Million 2,947 Million 3,370 Million 3,016 Million Pounds Pounds Pounds Pounds Pounds Pounds Pounds Pounds Pounds Pounds Pounds Pounds Pounds Pounds
Cattle Inventory by Class - States and United States - Jan. 1, 2016 and 2017 Beef cows That Have calved Milk Cows That Have Calved
State Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming United States
2016 2017 (1,000 head) (1,000 Head)
Percent of Previous Year
2016 2017 (1,000 Head) (1,000) Head
Percent of Previous Year
673 693 103% 7 7 100% 4 4.7 118% 0.3 0.3 100% 180 184 102% 195 196 101% 893 914 102% 7 6 86% 600 655 109% 1,770 1,755 99% 772 805 104% 148 155 105% 6 5 83% 19 19 100% 2.5 2.5 100% 5 5 100% 905 908 100% 125 122 98% 505 497 98% 85 83 98% 73 74 101% 2.2 2.4 109% 503 500 99% 587 600 102% 396 387 98% 94 93 99% 196 210 107% 184 185 101% 940 965 103% 210 215 102% 1,488 1,570 106% 142 150 106% 1,021 1,023 100% 59 57 97% 442 448 101% 13 12 92% 10 11 110% 30 30 100% 43 43 100% 49 47 96% 6 6.5 108% 12 11.5 96% 108 120 111% 412 425 103% 350 370 106% 460 460 100% 500 476 95% 10 9 90% 1,902 2,052 108% 88 88 100% 1,486 1,486 100% 14 14 100% 1,852 1,920 104% 58 60 103% 217 220 101% 28 30 107% 4.5 5 111% 14 13.5 96% 7.5 7.5 100% 7 6.5 93% 415 465 112% 315 325 103% 110 110 100% 620 620 100% 363 370 102% 47 45 96% 904 954 106% 16 16 100% 284 288 101% 266 262 98% 1,923 2,095 109% 37 35 95% 524 546 104% 126 124 98% 170 185 109% 530 525 99% 1.5 1.4 93% 0.9 0.8 89% 175 170 97% 15 15 100% 1670 1664 100% 110 116 105% 886 909 103% 44 41 93% 4,290 4,460 104% 460 490 107% 325 338 104% 95 92 97% 13 14 108% 131 129 98% 629 643 102% 91 87 96% 223 225 101% 277 275 99% 201 207 103% 9 8 89% 270 290 107% 1,280 1,280 100% 704 714 101% 6 6 100% 100% 30,166 31,210 103% 9,310 9,349
Carcass Weights 830
2,200 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Per Capita Spending
43.58% 44.37% 45.11% 45.09% 46.40% 46.22% 46.06% 45.19% 44.98% 45.54% 46.30% 45.63% 46.58% 47.06% 47.00%
Total % Beef
2002 $101.83 - 8% $84.42 - 9% $67.28 - 7% 2003 $109.73 + 8% $92.85 + 10% $83.92 + 25% 2004 $129.61 + 18% $110.33 + 19% $84.44 + 1% 2005 $140.08 + 8% $117.76 + 7% $87.66 + 4% 2006 $138.50 - 1% $115.33 - 2% $85.97 - 2%
$92.66 + 8% 2008 $122.86 - 6% $105.61 - 5% $92.71 0% 2009 $115.93 - 6% $100.66 - 5% $83.20 - 10% 2010 $131.05 + 13% $113.78 + 13% $95.42 + 15% 2011 + 20% $157.42 $137.76 + 21% $114.83 + 20% 450 lb
$185.23 0% $156.13 $125.86 + 2%
$271.42 $223.24 + 23% $154.37
60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 220 240 260 280
+ 17% $183.73 + 13% $155.44 $122.93 + 7%
$130.30 - 6% $111.28 - 4%
60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 220 240 260 280
+ 3% $280.39 + 2% $227.41 - 4% $148.27 2016 - 37% $176.01 $150.49 - 34% $120.74 - 19% 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 220 240 26 280
% Change from Previous Year
Cattle Herd Inventory 2002
38.22 Calf Crop
96.72 42.24 Cows
Calf Crop 41.78 Cows
37.59 Calf Crop 42.13 Cows
37.26 Calf Crop 41.51 Cows
37.11 Calf Crop 95.02 41.68 Cows
37.02 Calf Crop 41.81 Cows
96.03 41.69 Cows
Calf Crop 41.13 Cows
Calf Crop 94.08 40.53 Cows
Calf Crop 92.89 40.06 Cows
39.52 Cows 33.73
2002 2003 2004 2005
Total By Product 47% of Total Total By Product 48% of Total
Total By Product 51% of Total
Total By Product 50% of Total Total By Product 48% of Total Total By Product 46% of Total
30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 100 Head (million)
Total By Product 50% of Total
2016 Calf Crop 40.56 Cows
Total By Product 48% of Total Hides Total By Product 43% of Total Hides
39.48 Cows 35.08
Total By Product 64% of Total Hides Total By Product 56% of Total Hides
2013 Calf Crop 90.09 38.85 Cows Calf Crop 89.14 38.61 Cows
Total By Product 61% of Total Hides Total By Product 66% of Total Hides Total By Product 59% of Total Hides Total By Product 61% of Total Hides Total By Product 61% of Total Hides
30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 100 Head (million)
30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 100 Head (million)
2012 Calf Crop
UPDATE ON THE MARKET Continued from page 35
slaughter in 2017 were up significantly, partly due to a larger herd size but likely also indicating a slowdown in heifer retention. Nevertheless, the ratio of steer to heifer slaughter remains very high indicating that heifer slaughter remains at a relatively low rate consistent with continued herd expansion. The 2017 calf crop was likely 2.5-3.0 percent higher year over year, meaning that the pipeline of feeder cattle will continue to grow in 2018. Feedlots will continue to place and market more cattle in 2017, and the relative rates of placements and marketings will determine how fast feedlot inventories grow. Aggressive marketings and increased feedlot turnover rates have been a key to managing growing cattle and beef supplies and will remain a key in the coming year. Nevertheless, average feedlot inventories are likely to build in 2018. Feedlots are expected to continue enjoying favorable feed costs with decent, if more modest, returns compared to early 2017.
2018 beef production is projected at a record level of 27.4 billion pounds. This is the result of cattle slaughter that is expected to increase another 3 to 3.5 percent year over year along with increased carcass weights following the decline in carcass weights in 2017. International trade is expected to continue to be supportive of U.S. cattle markets in 2018. Beef exports are expected to increase modestly in 2018, reaching a record level. Growing exports to China could add to annual export totals in 2018 but are still expected to grow slowly in the coming months. Considerable uncertainty currently exists regarding beef trade, highlighted by the renegotiation of NAFTA and threats of withdrawal from NAFTA and the South Korean Free Trade Agreement (KORUS FTA). 2018 beef imports are expected to be down year over year or close to 2017 levels. After adjusting for trade, a three-plus percent increase in beef production is expected to result in per capita domestic consumption of 57.5 pounds, up 1.8 percent
AVERAGE ANNUAL CATTLE PRICES Southern Plains
$ Per Cwt 275 250 225 200 175 150 125 100 75 50
500-600lb Steer Calves
700-800lb Feeder Steers
Data Source: USDA-AMS, Compiled and Forecasts by LMIC Livestock Marketing Information Center
Fed Steers C-P-06 08/28/17
UPDATE ON THE MARKET from 2017. This level of domestic beef consumption was last seen in 2010 in the U.S. Increased pork production, and steady broiler production will combine with beef to produce record total red meat and poultry production of
just over 100 billion pounds in 2018. However, per capita total meat consumption is projected to be up fractionally from 2017 with increased meat exports expected to absorb most of the increase in meat production.
Ranked second, for both steers and heifers, in an 18-breed feed efficiency test conducted by the U.S. Meat Animal Research Center. Steers ADG,DMI = 0.203
Heifers ADG,DMI = 0.096 BEEFMASTERS.ORG
PROVEN MATERNAL www.NCBA.org
PROVEN HETEROSIS NATIONAL CATTLEMEN
UPDATE ON THE MARKET Continued strong domestic demand supported by beef trade will be essential to minimize the price impacts of growing beef supplies in 2018. With decent domestic and international demand, supply pressures are likely to push cattle prices modestly lower in 2018, likely in the range of 3 to 6 percent below 2017 average
levels. Increased beef production in 2018 and through 2019, at least, is certain given that calf crops will undoubtedly be larger until 2018. Lower prices are not necessarily a certainty depending on demand, though the more likely scenario is one of modestly lower or more sharply lower prices.
NCBA’s Cattlemen to Cattlemen is back with new episodes. Tune in on Tuesday nights at 8:30pm EST on RFD-TV or visit the YouTube page www.YouTube.com/ cattlementocattlemen
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STATE OF THE FEDERATION Eye on Quality
There is little question U.S. beef quality â€“ and the consumer perception of beef quality â€“ are improving. More carcasses are grading USDA Choice and Prime (see Figure 1). Tenderness for steaks continues to be favorable (see story on page 65), and favorability of those steaks among consumers continues to be high. Consumers also rate fresh beef highly when it comes to beef safety. Figure 1. Changes in Prime and Choice Combined Changes in Prime and Choice Over Timeover Time 80 80 71% 71%
Re s e a rc h Ad d s P re c i s i o n To a n I n d u st r y Fo c u s
70 70 61% 61%
55% 55% 49% 49%
50 50 40 40
2000 2000 Year Year
Cattle producers are doing their part in the effort to emphasize quality through good breeding and thoughtful, careful and determined animal care practices, as well as conscientious transportation. Their work over the 60
STATE OF THE FEDERATION and bulls. Based on the past 25 years has been Table 1. Quality Challenges - Ranked according to priority results of the in-plant assisted by a checkoff1991 2005 2016 and interview research, funded research effort External Fat Traceability Food Safety beef industry participants called the National Beef Seam Fat Overall Uniformity Eating Satisfaction at a December Strategy Quality Audit (NBQA), Overall Palatability Instrument Grading Lean Fat and Bone Session focused on three which regularly provides Tenderness Market Signals Weight and Size areas: Food Safety and a set of guideposts and Overall Cutability Segmentation How and Where Cattle Were Raised Animal Health, Eating measurements to help Marbling Carcass Weights Visual Characteristics Quality and Reduction determine the quality of Variety, and Optimizing Value and Eliminating Waste, conformance of the U.S. beef supply, both for steers and allowing them to focus proposed actions on industry needs. heifers, and for cows and bulls. The 2016 NBQA provided another piece of evidence of the industryâ€™s determined focus on quality.
Multiple Assessments The 2016 NBQA delivered data and information through industry-wide face-to-face interviews, extensive in-plant research, and a strategy session attended by individuals representing every sector of the beef industry, who considered the results and discussed implications. Each of the elements contained helpful insight into those issues that impact how those in the beef supply chain and consumers view quality. In the face-to-face interviews with supply chain participants, food safety was a quality factor. Many respondents, in fact, said it was implied as a requirement of doing business. Other issues included size consistency of carcasses, eating satisfaction and an unfamiliarity with Beef Quality Assurance (BQA) among packers, processors, retailers and food service operators interviewed. Separate in-plant research efforts were conducted at harvest facilities that process steers and heifers, and cows
Like those in the face-to-face interviews, session participants were committed to creating greater education and communication of BQA and the principles it champions to the supply chain and consumers. They said increased certification of those who follow BQA practices could enhance respect for both the program and the industry.
Industry Opportunities Each NBQA identifies lost opportunities for the industry, suggesting areas producers and others could make improvements to increase profitability. Precise calculations are difficult, but total lost opportunities for 2016 and previous audits, adjusted to 2016 prices, provide guidance as the industry looks for areas of improvement. This research demonstrates the beef industry has spent the last quarter century significantly improving the quality of its product. While thereâ€™s always room for improvement, data also show that those in the industry have a valuable story to tell. Utilizing BQA to increase consumer confidence and enhance industry commitment could encourage greater beef demand, improve industry harmonization and benefit every audience.
STATE OF THE FEDERATION Steers and Heifers – Changing Priorities NBQA in-plant research for the steer and heifer market began in 1991. Initially, NBQA researchers focused on physical attributes, such as marbling, external fat and blemishes. Many of the efforts addressing those attributes have seen positive results.
industries are varied, and it is important the industry understand the factors that lead to improved quality and minimized economic losses in this important component of its beef market.
As with its NBQA for steers and heifers, the industry has conducted in-plant research through its Beef Checkoff Program to assess the quality status of this Table 4. Lost opportunities in quality issues for NBQA - 1991, 1995, 2000, element of the beef chain regularly over the 2011 and 2016 (using 2016 prices) past two decades. The National Beef Quality 2016 2011 2005 2000 1995 1991 Audit for cows and bulls, managed by NCBA as Quality Grade -$15.75 -$30.44 -$26.62 -$29.66 -$33.23 -$33.14 Yield Grade -$12.91 -$5.93 -$15.60 -$15.53 -$10.20 -$22.19 a contractor to the beef checkoff, is a robust Carcass Weight -$10.88 -$6.41 -$4.46 -$3.44 -$5.68 -$4.52 look at ways the industry raises cows and bulls Hide/Branding -$0.84 -$1.95 -$1.90 -$2.39 -$2.67 -$2.43 for beef and brings them to market. Through Offal -$8.68 -$2.57 -$2.63 -$2.82 -$1.59 -$0.99 this research the industry seeks to assure Total -$49.06 -$47.30 -$51.21 -$53.84 -$53.36 -$63.28 the lives of these animals reflect the highest industry standards for beef stewardship and production. In fact, the 2016 NBQA found that the number of blemishes, condemnations and other attributes that can have an impact on animal value remain small, and industry efforts to address these issues since 1995 have been generally encouraging. In-plant research also showed the incidence of bruising was higher in the 2016 study than in 2011, but the severity of bruising was less. Fewer cattle had brands, and horns were less prevalent. The mobility of cattle going into the harvest facilities was excellent: 97 percent of cattle walked easily and normally, with no apparent lameness. Almost none of the hanging carcasses (0.5 percent) had visible injection site lesions – of particular interest, since injection site lesions were among the most critical issues when the audits were first conducted in 1991.
Before 2016, the most recent Cow and Bull Audit had been conducted in 2007. The research conducted in the most recent study shows the industry is making progress. Overall, the 2016 NBQA for cows and bulls demonstrated there has been progress made in the sector since 2007, including noticeable improvements as the animals entered the harvest facilities. This included better soundness of animals, a reduction in injection site lesions through the years, and an increased percentage of cattle that had no visible defects. The research also suggested future research should be focused on: • Appropriate management of cull cows and bulls to increase muscle condition before harvest;
While the size of carcasses has increased, there has also been a significant increase in the frequency of USDA Choice and Prime carcasses. The majority of carcasses qualifying for Select were in the top half of the grade.
Cows and Bulls – Often Overlooked Cows and bulls are the foundation of our cattle herds. More than that, though, cull animal sales in the industry now contribute up to 20 percent of operational gross revenue for both beef and dairy operations. The reasons to market breeding animals for beef in the dairy and beef 62
Figure 2. Frequency Distribution of Cattle that were not Lame Beef Cows Beef Bulls Dairy Cows Dairy Bulls
A review of instrument grading in the 2016 NBQA provided results similar to grading observed through in-plant research, giving confidence to the increasingly prevalent use of instrument grading in the industry. The trends echoed those seen in 2011.
• culling animals before physical defects are too severe and cause animal welfare concerns or carcass condemnation; and
STATE OF THE FEDERATION • ways to eliminate carcass bruising on the farm, in transport and at the packing facility.
The full NBQA executive summaries for steers and heifers and for cows and bulls, along with more information about the 2016 NBQA and previous audits, can be found on the Beef Quality Assurance website at www.bqa.org.
Additional emphasis in extensive education and beef quality assurance programs can further propel the momentum of the cow and bull industry.
State Councils Join in Jerky Day Celebration
The Beef Checkoff Program identified a novel way to help celebrate Beef Jerky Day June 12, with some powerful support from state beef councils. That day, state beef council staffs delivered beef jerky bouquets created by the beef checkoff to news personalities at television outlets in many of the country’s top media and consumer markets in their states. The bouquets, in custom “Beef. It’s What’s for Dinner” vases, were delivered to 115 television stations in the top 30 U.S. markets and others. They were accompanied by beef information that included tips on how beef jerky is the “ultimate snack hack” for consumers. The project allowed the industry to help promote a powerhouse protein snack in a unique and promotable way. Beef jerky is a popular, low fat and high-quality protein that has many benefits, and the bouquets provided broadcasters with something fun and interesting to talk about on air. The partnership between state beef councils and the Beef Checkoff Program gave the councils another opportunity to communicate with their target media outlets, and was a win-win for state beef councils and the entire beef industry. With the constant demand for content, and the increased noise in the media, it’s helpful to have innovative, creative pitches that increase the visibility for beef. The national beef jerky letter to media representatives included five reasons beef jerky is the ideal snack hack, including: 1. It helps fuel kids through the final bell, keeping them attentive and ready to learn; 2. It helps you avoid the workday slump, as a healthier salty snack option; 3. It gives unexpected post-workout benefits as “nature’s protein bar”; 4. It’s a fun way to help kids celebrate a win or rebound from a loss, stamping out “hangry”; and
5. It lets you stay lively on the hiking trail. www.NCBA.org
STATE OF THE FEDERATION Maintaining Favorable Tenderness Ratings
Favorable tenderness ratings for beef steaks, which have improved significantly since 1990, have remained steady over the past five years, despite environmental and financial challenges that could have derailed its progress. The ratings were confirmed by the beef checkoff-funded 2015/2016 National Beef Tenderness Survey, which was conducted at Texas A&M University. The checkoff-funded research has surveyed beef tenderness regularly since 1990. Potential challenges to beef quality over the past ten years, including drought, fluctuating supply and rising input costs, could have put tenderness gains in jeopardy. Nevertheless, the tenderness of the beef being produced in the United States has not only remained steady, but often improved. The research suggests the industry continues to deliver to consumers when it comes to tenderness. Results from the first survey, conducted in 1990, found significant tenderness issues with cuts from the chuck, round and sirloin. Over the next 15 years tremendous improvements in tenderness were realized. Results from the 1999 survey showed a 20 percent increase in tenderness, while a 2005/2006 survey showed an 18 percent improvement over 1999 â€“ and 34 percent improvement over results in 1990, with most steaks evaluated as tender. 64
Reasons for the improvement included increased aging time, longer and slower chill rates and more branded programs at retail. In 2005/2006, about 47 percent of retail cuts were marketed through branded programs designed to guarantee certain quality traits, including tenderness. While fewer branded products were surveyed compared to a decade ago, results from the 2015/2016 survey found that, as with the 2010/2011 survey, most steaks were considered tender. Warner-Bratzler shear force values, an objective measure of tenderness, were consistent with values noted five years ago for ribeye, top blade, top loin and sirloin steaks. Similar to previous surveys, the 2015/2016 survey indicated a need for more industry focus on tenderness and increasing the overall rating for cuts from the round. Because the survey shows rounds are sometimes not aged sufficiently, and consumer understanding of the different cooking methods necessary for round cuts is limited, enjoyment of cuts from this primal could be improved, the study suggested. However, the research confirms that all cuts arenâ€™t created equal. While they have a wonderful flavor profile, cuts from the round remain an industry tenderness challenge. Future focus by the industry could include a collective effort to utilize optimal DIRECTIONS 2017
STATE OF THE FEDERATION aging practices as well as more support for extensive consumer cooking education for round cuts. With tenderness goals generally being achieved
Consumer Panel Panel “Overall “Overall Like” Like” Retail Retail Steaks Steaks Consumer NBTS NBTS2010/2011 2010.2011 and 2015/2016 Top Blade Ribeye, lip on, boneless Ribeye, lip on, Bone-in bone-in Top Loin, boneless Top Loin, bone-in T-bone Porterhouse Top Sirloin, boneless Top Round Bottom Round 4.5 4.7 4.7 4.9 4.9 5.1 5.1 5.3 5.3 5.5 5.5 5.7 5.7 5.9 5.9 6.1 6.1 6.3 6.3 6.5 6.7 6.9 6.9 7.1 4.5 6.5 6.7 7.1 2010/2011 2010/2011
across many cuts, additional focus and research could be placed by the industry on other quality traits, such as flavor.
Warner-Bratzler Warner-Bratzler Shear ShearForce ForceValues Values(to (tocut cutthrough throughmeat meatin in lbs. lbs.ofofpressure) pressure)ofofRetail RetailSteaks, Steaks,NBTS NBTS1990-2015/2016 1990-2015/2016 8.0 8.0 7.5 7.5 7.0 7.0 6.5 6.5 6.0 6.0 5.5 5.5 5.0 5.0 4.5 4.5
1990 1999 1990 1999 Ribeye, Ribeye, boneless boneless
2005/2006 2005/2006 Loin, Top Loin, boneless boneless
2010/2011 2015/2016 2010/2011 2015/2016 Top Sirloin, Sirloin, boneless, cap capoff off
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STATE OF THE FEDERATION There are many checkoff-supported channels for helping communicate quality and other beef information to those in the beef supply chain who need it. Beef University, for instance – Beef U, for short – is a free online training program that is aimed at those who market beef to consumers and is focused on the latest information and research on marketing and selling beef. The checkoff-funded program was revamped for 2017, and captures the latest data and industry insights on key topics in a new, condensed, more userfriendly format.
Reaching Those Who Reach Consumers Beef Cuts AND RECOMMENDED COOKING METHODS CHUCK Blade Chuck Roast
Cross Rib Chuck Roast
Ribeye Roast, Bone-In
Top Sirloin Steak
Top Round Steak*
Bottom Round Roast
Blade Chuck Steak*
Ribeye Steak, Bone-In
7-Bone Chuck Roast
Strip Steak, Bone-In
Top Sirloin Petite Roast
Bottom Round Steak*
Chuck Center Roast
Ribeye Roast, Boneless
Strip Steak, Boneless
Top Sirloin Filet
Bottom Round Rump Roast
Chuck Center Steak*
Flat Iron Steak
Ribeye Steak, Boneless
Strip Petite Roast
Eye of Round Roast
Shank Cross Cut
Top Blade Steak
Ribeye Cap Steak
Eye of Round Steak*
Ground Beef and Ground Beef Patties
Chuck Eye Roast
Petite Tender Roast
Ribeye Petite Roast
Tri -Tip Steak
PLATE & FLANK
Chuck Eye Steak
Petite Tender Medallions
Petite Sirloin Steak
Short Ribs, Bone-In
GRILL OR BROIL
* MARINATE BEFORE COOKING FOR BEST
B e e f A lt e r n At i v e M e r c h A n d i s i n g p r o g r A M
The course was developed for supply chain partners by NCBA, a beef checkoff contractor, to provide training and professional development resources on such topics as raising beef, nutrition and health, beef basics and cuts and the modern consumer. In a nutshell, the program educates and trains employees on marketing and selling beef, with the understanding that an informed and knowledgeable staff – particularly those who interact directly with consumers – leads to improved customer service and more beef sales.
Short Ribs, Bone-In*
These cuts meet the government guidelines for lean, based on cooked servings, visible fat trimmed.
©2013 Cattlemen’s Beef Board and National Cattlemen’s Beef Association All lean beef cuts have less than 10 grams of total fat, 4.5 grams or less
of saturated fat and less than 95 milligrams of cholesterol per 3½-oz
For more information on this market-building program, go to www.beefu.org.
serving. Based on cooked servings, visible fat trimmed.
Fund Fuels Projects to Boost Beef Demand
Established in 2006 by the Federation of State Beef Councils as a “state helping state” program, the Federation Initiative Fund invested $48,895 in fiscal year 2017 through its Federation Initiative Fund to assist state beef councils in areas of the country with high consumer populations. Nine state beef councils conducted nine projects that focused on Team BEEF, enhancing consumer influencer outreach or hosting immersion events highlighting nutrition and health, culinary, beef communications or production.
The chart below shows the Councils and programs that were funded. State Program Arizona Gate-to-Plate Tour Series California Beef Leadership Summit Indiana Indiana Team BEEF Kentucky, Michigan and Ohio
#BLOG MEETS BEEF 2.0
New York Individualized Influencer Immersions New York Beef Corp NY and MBA Spokesperson Development Training Pennsylvania Team BEEF Promotion and Events Pennsylvania “Beefing-Up” the Beef and Veal in the Classroom Program Virginia Running with the Marine Corp Marathon 2017 66
STATE OF THE FEDERATION Dear Fellow Producers, The quality of the beef in the consumer meal experience has always been important to U.S. beef producers. Thanks to the Beef Checkoff Program, the industryâ€™s commitment to quality has taken on an even greater sense of value over the past 25 years. Because of checkoff-funded research, for instance, we as an industry are concentrating on attributes that consumers seek. We are doing a better job of identifying qualities that result in improved consumer satisfaction, enhanced industry practices and increased demand for beef, all the way from conception to consumption. This includes research to determine best practices for raising and caring for beef animals, as well as studies on the resulting products, such as tenderness, safety and proper cooking times for appropriate cuts, among others. Those efforts, many of them managed by NCBA as a contractor to the Beef Checkoff Program, are making a difference, and it shows. The percentage of cattle grading USDA Choice and Prime is higher. Tenderness is improving. Research shows consumers are increasingly confident in the safety of, and happy with, the beef they buy. The process of producing high quality beef that is valued by consumers, which can lead to greater beef demand, takes years. It starts in the genetic selection and careful breeding of animals. Handling and feeding play a part, as do environment and transportation. How we treat the product through harvest and processing, and what we do to make sure those in the beef supply chain and consumers purchase, store and prepare it properly, are also crucial.
Federation Executive Committee: Chair
Jerry S Effertz, ND
Vice-Chair Dawn Caldwell, NE Region I
Bill Sexton, OH
Mark Pendleton, NC
Region III Katie Brenny, MN
Like all checkoff-funded programs, the quality-focused research, education and promotion efforts funded with your checkoff dollars stress results. We hope you find value in this information about what the checkoff has done to research beef quality and its relevance to consumers; to boost beef quality as consumers see it; and to show how itâ€™s helping all of us improve in our efforts down the road. Yours truly,
Region IV Weldon Wynn, AR
Jerry Effertz Velva, North Dakota Chairman, Federation of State Beef Councils
Rev. Seat Jaret Moyer, KS
Region V Dan Hinman, ID Region VI Lucy Rechel, NV Region VII Barb Downey, KS Rev. Seat Bradley W. Hastings, TX Rev. Seat Buck Wehrbein, NE
Federation members on the 2017 Beef Promotion Operating Committee are: (back row, left to right) Scott McGregor (Iowa), Buck Wehrbein (Nebraska), Brent Buckley (Hawaii), Gary Deering (South Dakota), Steve Hanson (Nebraska); (front row, left to right) Jerry Effertz, Federation Chair and BPOC Vice Chair (North Dakota) Dawn Caldwell, Federation Vice Chair (Nebraska), Kristin Larson (Montana), Laurie Munns (Utah), and Clay Burtrum Oklahoma).
STATE OF THE FEDERATION The Consumer ’s Take on Quality
Quality means different things to different people. That’s why it’s important for the Beef Checkoff Program to understand the ins and outs of not just quality, but the people looking for it. Knowing what the consumer wants, and how they go about purchasing it, is at the heart of beef checkoff consumer research and marketing efforts. The research is conducted by the checkoff’s market research team at NCBA, a contractor to the Beef Checkoff Program, using a variety of surveys and data-driven consumer behavior and attitude research tools.
Safety Grades for Fresh Beef Year by year percent of Americans rating A or B grade for safety 100 91% 88% 90 83% 87% 84% 87% 84% 86% 79% 76% 77% 76% 80 74% 83% 84% 79% 76% 80% 80% 77% 75% 70 69% 66% 60 60% 66% 64% 50 40 30 20
2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2014 2015 2016
Fresh Beef Steaks/Roasts
Source: IPSOS Public Affairs
Steak Satisfaction Trends Ratings of steak satisfaction improved significantly in Sept. 2016 at that relatively high, and statistically stable, level through May 2017 Noteably, the mean scores in May 2017 are up directionally vs. March 2017
These surveys show that beef 4-5 Stars Mean is making strides in the eyes of 90% 86% consumers. For instance, checkoff80% funded Consumer Beef Index (CBI) 4.23 4.43 4.35 research shows that beef performs well on key quality attributes July ‘16 Sept. ‘16 Nov. ‘16 important to those who eat beef. Base (204-272) Almost 90 percent of consumers say beef is great tasting as well as a great source of protein. A checkoff-funded steak satisfaction tracker supports this, showing in a current survey that 90 percent of consumers say they were very satisfied with their recent beef eating experiences. 68
Fresh Ground Beef
Significantly different than prior period
Consumers surveyed in the 2016 CBI who say they are planning to consume more beef give their reasons as: • They prefer the taste (85 percent); • They want to add protein to their diet (77 percent); • They believe there is better availability of cuts (76 percent); and • They say beef is more of a family favorite (73 percent). The checkoff-funded Beef It’s What’s For Dinner Culinary Center develops and shares a number of instructional brochures, fact sheets and videos on the BeefItsWhatsForDinner.com website and social media platforms to help consumers understand how to select and prepare the perfect cut for the right occasion – and data suggests these efforts are working. According to the 2016 CBI:
• 79 percent of consumers say it is easy for them to pick the right cut of beef; • 78 percent says that beef delivers good results consistently; and • 83 percent say they know how to prepare beef well. DIRECTIONS 2017
STATE OF THE FEDERATION Responding to the Cattle Markets In fiscal 2017 the Federation of State Beef Councils stepped up in response to a frustrating cattle market, dipping into its reserve funds to support national and international promotion programs that would help increase demand for beef. The Federation allocated more than $1.2 million from its reserve funds during the year for this effort, conducted during a time of high protein production that put significant pressures on the cattle market.
Many state beef councils contributed additional funding to promote the campaign to consumers in their markets. They helped drive traffic to the app and create broader visibility for beef. The total value of the Ibotta campaign is estimated to be more than $4.4 million.
One of the efforts was a campaign by NCBA, a contractor to the Beef Checkoff Program, to drive nationwide sales of fresh beef at retail. That promotion is based on a program called Ibotta, a mobile shopping app with a subscriber rate of 22 million mostly-millennial consumers. The partnership gave consumers the chance to engage with educational information about beef and then unlock a small cash-back rebate for any ground beef product at any store, nationwide. The Beef Checkoff Program paid for the rebates of verified sales.
A significant part of the Federation allocation was an international promotion conducted by the U.S. Meat Export Federation, another checkoff contractor, which helped move more than a million incremental pounds of beef in Japan and Korea. The effort included a push to have chilled U.S. beef replace Australian beef at all Costco outlets in Korea â€“ which came to full fruition in May 2017. This was accomplished through USMEF trainings, sampling demonstrations, regular visits and meetings to build relationships, and more. It means an incremental increase of over 33 million pounds, which will increase the total U.S. market share in Korea by about 3-4 percent.
Results from the effort significantly surpassed standard Ibotta campaigns. The redemption rate for ground beef was nearly 40 percent; the average Ibotta redemption rate is 23 percent. More than 1.45 million consumers unlocked the beef rebate and saw beef content, such as videos, recipes and messages, and more than 576,000 redeemed the rebates. In just four weeks more than 631,000 pounds of ground beef were sold.
Funds for this effort came from state beef council boards that voluntarily remit part of their half of the $1-perhead beef checkoff to be used at the national and international levels. Recognizing that states with high beef production donâ€™t always have large population centers, state board members understand the benefits of spending checkoff dollars where most beef consumers live.
Beef It’s What’s For Dinner UPDATE Beef It’s What’s For Dinner; An Iconic Brand for Today’s Consumers
Twenty Five years ago, an iconic consumer brand was launched. Featuring celebrity voices and Aaron Copland’s famous Rodeo score, the checkoff-funded “Beef. It’s What’s For Dinner” campaign burst onto the consumer stage in 1992 with a force that immediately pushed beef to the forefront of consumer advertising and onto the dinner plate. Throughout its history as one of the top commodity food brands, the campaign has evolved as part of the primary promotion program funded by the checkoff. To celebrate its 25th anniversary, NCBA, as a contractor to the Cattlemen’s Beef Board, has refreshed and relaunched the brand through a modern campaign that is relevant to today’s consumer. NATIONAL CATTLEMEN
Beef It’s What’s For Dinner UPDATE The new “Beef It’s What’s For Dinner” campaign for the first time will package promotion of the product with the promotion of the people who produce it.
Consumer research earlier this year showed that even though the advertising campaign has been funded at lower levels over the past decade, the brand still holds tremendous equity. And, whether people recognized the campaign or not, the idea is powerful and it does a great job of communicating many key messages, including: • Beef is a substantial meal that fills people up. • Beef brings families together around the table. • There are many ways to serve beef at dinner. • A beef dinner is worth looking forward to. People in the research study happily discussed that “It’s What’s For Dinner” is a powerful declarative statement, not a mere suggestion, staking it’s claim at the top of the food world. With the focus on dinner as the showcase meal of people’s day, people still understood that beef is still appropriate for lunches or snacks. With today’s push for transparency, people are intrigued to learn more about who is behind the campaign messages. People reacted positively to the stories of the beef farmers and ranchers who funded the campaign and how they produce safe and nutritious beef. The research made it clear that telling the whole story of beef is an opportunity to build broader engagement with today’s consumers, thereby leading to more beef purchases. So, starting this month NCBA will launch an effort to promote: the delicious taste and desirability of beef and the pleasure it brings to meals; the people who produce beef; and beef’s position as a powerful protein for today’s consumers’ active lifestyles. To reach consumers, opinion leaders, foodservice and retail partners and the media, the campaign will tell the story of beef through a new consolidated website, BeefItsWhatsForDinner.com, that for the first time includes not only information about the different beef cuts and how to prepare them, but also nutrition information and information on how beef is produced from real farmers and ranchers.
information in the hands of consumers wherever and whenever they want it. Providing beef preparation information on Amazon’s Echo or Facebook Messenger using robot platforms will help consumers overcome one of the biggest hurdles to including beef in their meal choices, “How do I cook this?” In addition, a new logo has been created that emphasizes beef far more than before and will be prominently display across all promotion, consumer and industry information materials to make producer checkoff dollars go further in the market place. A centerpiece of the campaign is a new video that tells the beef production story from cow-calf, to feeder, to the packer, to the consumer by showing the modern use of technology in today’s beef business. The 90-second video, located on BeefItsWhatsForDinner.com and title “Rethink the Ranch,” emphasizes the care that beef and cattle producers take to produce a safe and wholesome product. The video will be promoted through a national digital advertising campaign. For audiences that want to learn more about beef production, interviews with farmers and ranchers will highlight how beef is produced using resources responsibly. And for those who can’t visit a farm or ranch in person, NCBA has utilized the latest in technology to provide a virtual tour of farms and ranchers using digital platforms to further educate consumers about beef production. Later in the campaign, new advertisements celebrating beef’s unique qualities as a protein source will launch, appealing to consumers’ genuine love for beef. Rebranding the “Beef It’s What’s For Dinner” campaign will connect the heritage of an iconic brand with the desire of today’s consumer to know how their food is raised, how to prepare it and trust that it is good for them and their families. The repositioning of “Beef It’s What’s For Dinner” will help to ensure that the brand stands the test of time for another 25 years.
The use of new AI (artificial intelligence) technology, will provide consumers and retailers tools to put preparation 72