No. 1 Februari 2021 COOPERATION & ENERGY
Offshore Energy Magazine CONNECTING THE MARITIME & OFFSHORE WORLD FOR SUSTAINABLE SOLUTIONS
ARTICLE Collaboration in times of energy transition
GUEST COLUMN Allard Klinkers Port of Amsterdam
ARTICLE Introducing Oceanbird
ARTICLE Live after COVID-19
Your access to offshore solutions.
table of contents Fifty shades of collaboration in time of energy transition page 7
Spotlight on energy transition trends and developments page 32
Inroducing Oceanbird, a wind-driven PCTC
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Guest Column: Allard Klinkers
24 Introducing Oceanbird,
38 Life after COVID-19
Fifhy shades of collaboration
44 Structural analysis of the
in time of energy transition
28 Denmark to end oil
a wind-driven PCTC
15 Transmission coordination
and gas era in 2050
road to UK’s 2030 offshore
30 Efficient spare part manage-
ment for offshoreindustries
22 The benefits of VLF cable
32 Spotlight on energy transition
testing and diagnostics
trends and developments
sustainable monopile covers 46 China going carbon neutral: What will it mean for shipping? 50 What Is Happening 60 Colofon
Innovation meets efficiency through collaboration between 44 maritime companies
A new year In our industry we are always on the lookout for disruptive developments. Which new technologies will change the way we do business? What geopolitical crisis will affect the prices? In 2020 we experienced a disruptive development that few of us saw coming. As we all know, the pandemic had a severe impact on 2020. Basically everything changed. It proofs that humans are adaptable, because if someone in 2019 told you how next year would look like, you would not thought it was possible. But somehow we managed. And now, with the vaccine, there is light at the end of the tunnel. The question for 2021 is, are we returning to life as we knew it, or are we going to see a new normal? One thing is sure, distance no longer forms a obstruction to do our work. When it comes to working from home or remote maintenance, COVID-19 accelerated a development that started before 2020. 2021 will also see the return of the United States on the world stage when it comes to renewable energy. With a new president in the White House, climate policy is expected to play a critical role in the administration. President Biden has chosen a team that prioritizes making clean energy jobs and environmental protection a cornerstone of his economic plans. Hopefully new investments will boost the energy transition worldwide. After 2020 the words ‘new year’ never sounded so promising. Let us hope that the restrictions as a result of the COVID-19 virus will soon behind us.
The editorial team
Examining the economic potential of offshore wind
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In a boost to renewable energy production, a spate of offshore wind farms, with 8.3 GW total capacity, is scheduled for construction in the northern part of the Dutch North Sea in the coming decade. The wind farms are Hollandse Kust (zuid), Hollandse Kust (noord), Hollandse Kust (west), IJmuiden Ver and Ten Noorden van de Waddeneilanden.
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Recently, Port of Amsterdam, Port of Den Helder and IJmuiden Seaport have produced a report, Economic Contribution of Offshore Wind in the Province of North Holland, to examine potential financial impacts of the projects. The report finds the province well-positioned to serve the wind farms, having a prime geographical location and enjoying access to a wide range of businesses with relevant skills and facilities. The research used to compile the data is based on proven assessment techniques, including those used by the Crown Estate on UK-based offshore wind projects. The report’s scope covers the life of the wind farms up to 2050. The report envisages two scenarios – ‘high’ and ‘low’. In the ‘high’ scenario, all operations that can be carried out by companies in North Holland are carried out there. The ‘low’ scenario includes only operations that are likely to be carried out in the province. In compiling the report we considered existing businesses in the Province of North Holland and the likelihood of their contributing to the projects during five stages of construction. Namely, these are development & project management, turbine manufacture, balance of plant manufacture, installation & commissioning and operations & maintenance. The research indicated that business activity in the province
will increase with the passage of time. There are companies in our region who can contribute to the initial stages. Those who can support, for example, environmental surveys and seabed investigations. However, as we move into the second phase there will be a drop in regional activity; there are currently no companies in North Holland engaged in turbine construction. Moving into stage three, involvement will increase slightly again, with regional companies likely to take part in the construction of diverse component parts required for the turbines themselves and for the installation equipment on board ships, for example. Likewise in stage four. At this stage, the report projects, local employment and crewing agencies may experience increased engagement. It is stage five, however, when the province really comes into its own. “The North Holland offshore wind industry specialises in O&M, having gained relevant and extensive experience in the oil & gas industry over many years. Overall, the report concludes, the creation of offshore wind farms in North Holland will have a beneficial impact on both revenue and employment opportunities in the province. If we take the ‘low’ scenario, we would expect, up to the end of 2030, to see revenue to North Holland as a direct result of these wind farms, somewhere in the
region of 1 billion euro. In the ‘high’ scenario this rises to 2.75 billion euro. In neither scenario is the revenue evenly distributed; but rather increases as construction progresses. In both projections it is in the O&M stage – between 2031 and 2050 – that the bulk of the revenue will be generated. We expect this to be between 92 million and 321 million per year – as much as one third of which will be spent on local employment. In either scenario, this represents a positive boost for the North Holland economy.
Allard Klinkers Commercial Manager Offshore Port of Amsterdam
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Fifty shades of collaboration in time of energy transition There is little doubt that the past few years have witnessed the rise of energy-related collaborations to an extent never seen before. This is because cross-industry collaborations seem to be crucial for companies to ride the energy transition train which is indeed moving very fast.
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There is little doubt that the past few years have witnessed the rise of energy-related collaborations to an extent never seen before. This is because cross-industry collaborations seem to be crucial for companies to ride the energy transition train which is indeed moving very fast.
will only be successful if it provides energy security and access, along with enabling economic growth and development. In other words, its success will depend on a mix of different solutions that extend well beyond a single industry and have a positive environmental impact.
The current energy transition can be described as a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to transform the global energy sector from fossil fuels to lowcarbon energy in the coming decades. Although it is mainly driven by sustainability reasons, the energy transition
In order to make the energy transition happen, changes need to be navigated at a scale that cannot be achieved by an individual player. Therefore, when it comes to the global energy transition, collaboration becomes a multistakeholder, multifaceted challenge.
With a common goal of advancing and achieving the global renewable energy transition, energy-related collaborative projects are based on innovation, reinnovation, cross-skilling, creativity, collaborative know-how and adaptability to constant change. Collaboration in the North Sea The North Sea region is probably one of the best and most viable examples when talking about collaborations aimed at advancing energy transition. It is considered as an energy hub of the future with a vast renewable energy potential.
When it comes to the global energy transition, collaboration becomes a multistakeholder, multifaceted challenge.
'Collaboration is not something new in the industry' The region has existing oil and gas infrastructure – whose golden days are believed to be over – that needs to be decommissioned or reused. At the same time, many renewable energy projects, most of them in the offshore wind sector, are progressing in the North Sea. O&G assets are coexisting with offshore wind farms, floating solar farms, aquaculture, fish farms and shipping lanes — all of these sectors have their unique role in the envisioned energy transition. For this reason, industry players favor collaborations as they want to benefit
from synergy effects – cost reduction, reduction of CO2 emissions and opportunities to enter new markets. “The North Sea to me seems quite large, but if you look at all these plans that we have, it looks quite small and it would have been nice that it is twice the size,” Mark Paalvast, Co-Founder at MO4, an offshore energy consultancy, said during an Energy Talk on Offshore Energy Exhibition & Conference (OEEC) 2020, held late October. In the North Sea, a large number of functions need to be assessed to make
the best use of limited space. The states bordering the North Seas are establishing shared large-scale offshore electricity infrastructure in order to exploit their offshore wind energy resources. The Dutch part of the North Sea is certainly one of the most intensively used seas in the world. The 20162021 North Sea Policy Document sets out the desired policy for the future intensified use of this space, within the limits of the marine ecosystem. The implementation of the plans targeting the North Sea requires align-
ment between national policies of the European states that use this marine ecosystem. National policies also have to be aligned with EU and international laws and standards. Paalvast explained that old, empty O&G fields can be used for much-needed storage of CO2, which is a ‘big thing’ in the European Green Deal. According to last year’s study by Edinburg University, using existing platforms in the North Sea as carbon capture and storage (CCS) sites would be 10 times cheaper than decommissioning. Paalvast also touched upon the possibility of using the unemployed oil platforms for the production of hydrogen. In order to make these plans work, the entire offshore energy value chain and the industries need to work together
to achieve a common goal. “We need everyone here to make this happen, to bring down the levelized cost of electricity for this renewable source of energy; to make it competitive with the onshore energy,” Paalvast added. “Thankfully, collaboration is not something new in our industry – I think in the O&G industry, it’s more a norm than an exception.” He referred to big projects worth hundreds of millions and even billions of euros/dollars, such as FPSO, and FLNG units. There, the norm is always to work together, in joint ventures, to share the risk, share the uptime and tackle technical challenges. Not only old platforms can find a different purpose at the end of their life cycle but also wind parks can be used as marine energy parks, Benjamin
Lehner, Business & Innovation Advisor at DMEC said during the Talk Show ‘Focus on offshore wind’. He explained that decommissioned wind farms are the ‘perfect playground’ for testing marine energy devices because of their electrical infrastructure. Lehner pointed out that the big chance lies there as well – to look into technologies that are not there yet. Wijnand van Aalst, CEO at Van Aalst who also participated in the above talk show, stressed the importance of collaboration in the renewable energy industry: “It’s very important for all companies to contribute to the energy transition. We have an obligation towards ourselves, towards next generation to invest in new technologies and innovation.”
Wijnand van Aalst, CEO at Van Aalst: "It’s very important for all companies to contribute to the energy transition."
'Companies see the necessity to gather around one table' Companies including start-ups, individual experts, all levels of governments, educational institutions and others are expected to increasingly forge North Sea-focussed collaborations in the future, finding new ways to use the common infrastructure, solving the spatial planning problem more efficiently, coordinating investments, and harmonising policies and standards. Effective collaboration Each transition starts within the company. It requires primarily the internal collaboration before the external one takes place. Leaders often have vision
but not built-in architecture around that vision, Hannes Leroy, Associate Professor at RSM Erasmus University, remarked during the Energy Talk ‘Leadership in changing times’. To drive change in their organization, leaders need to start working in a different way. They need to make sure that the vision is translated into daily operations, overcoming moral dilemmas of change while at the same time being task-, people- and talent-oriented. In order to tackle industry-wide problems, different companies are seeing the necessity to gather around one
table, offering their unique competencies. The common goal of advancing energy transition offers the opportunity to many start-ups and large companies to work together. The potentials for collaboration between start-ups and corporations are huge. So are the challenges. The main challenge lies in the fact that they have different points of view – different foundations needed for innovation. For this reason, scaleups and large companies need to find common ground while at the same time striving to achieve a common goal.
As explained by Tom Milder, Manager Engineering & Innovations at Jumbo Maritime, a heavy lift shipping and offshore company with a history of more than 50 years, one has to look for innovations outside and not only within the company. He said that Jumbo has its own innovations and technologies with 60-70 engineers working in this field but needs more innovations to keep up with the pace of development in the industry. “You need an environment around you with all kind of companies that strive to develop new innovations. The more successful they are, the more successful we become.” Technologies and start-ups Milder said that larger companies, in order to develop, depend on new technologies and start-ups. Similarly, the
markets in which these large companies operate develop much faster than before – such as the wind industry at the moment – and are demanding change from these companies. Speaking about start-up vs. scale-up collaboration in the energy transition context, Milder said that a lot of smaller companies are specializing in innovative propulsion systems or energy systems but there are many different solutions being offered. Jumbo is working together with start-ups, scouting the market to find developments that are most suitable for the company’s way of working. On the other hand, start-ups need to get in touch with larger companies and convince them to select their particular
solution. They need to have enthusiasm that will allow them to gain trust of larger, established companies. On top of that, start-ups can collaborate with other start-ups that have compatible product, offering in this way integrated solutions to the market. Inviting corporations to open up for working together with small companies to enable the energy transition, Paalvast pointed out that innovation is a two-way street: “Let’s collaborate and see as an industry if we can make this successful because you cannot expect a company to innovate for you, you have to do it together.”
By Naida Hakirevic
Benjamin Lehner, Business & Innovation Advisor at DMEC: "Decommissioned wind farms are the ‘perfect playground’ for testing marine energy devices because of their electrical infrastructure."
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Transmission coordination road to UK’s 2030 offshore wind ambition
The increase of UK’s goal to have 40 GW instead of 30 GW of offshore wind by 2030 represents a huge opportunity for the sector. However, it is not without its challenges. With the quadrupling of capacity, cumulative environmental and social impacts of the lack of offshore transmission coordination represent a major barrier to delivery, according to the UK Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy (BEIS).
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The increase of UK’s goal to have 40 GW instead of 30 GW of offshore wind by 2030 represents a huge opportunity for the sector. However, it is not without its challenges. With the quadrupling of capacity, cumulative environmental and social impacts of the lack of offshore transmission coordination represent a major barrier to delivery, according to the UK Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy (BEIS). Analysis indicates that achieving 40 GW of offshore wind by 2030 will require up to £48 billion of capital invest-
ment. This is double the amount invested in UK’s offshore wind in the 2010s and equates to more than one turbine being installed each weekday throughout the whole 2020s, Chris Fox, Head of Europe and Offshore at BEIS, said at OEEC 2020. Great Britain’s current offshore transmission regime puts developers in charge of building their own connections to the onshore grid, which is then allocated to an offshore transmission owner (OFTO) through a competitive process run by Ofgem, a non-ministerial government department Office
of Gas and Electricity Markets. An approach designed when offshore wind was a nascent sector and with an aim of minimizing risk to developers. Although this approach has been very successful by contributing to record-low prices in UK’s third Contracts for Difference (CfD) auction last year and saving consumers an estimated £700 million through competition, it has led to each wind farm building its own onshore connection and represents the UK’s domestic coordination challenge.
'Offshore transmission coordination is key'
Fox stated that there is also a need for international coordination as other North Sea countries build out their own resources and continue to invest in cross-border interconnection that allows the sharing of collective resources and improving the security of supply. To address these challenges the UK announced an offshore transmission network review, which will bring together the key stakeholders involved in the timing, siting, design and delivery of offshore wind to consider all aspects of the existing regime and how this influences the design and delivery of offshore transmission infrastructure. “We recognize that offshore wind is an important sector for other countries and we are proactively looking to continue to work with and learn from our neighbours around the North Sea and elsewhere in Europe,” said Fox. “What is clear from some of the initial outputs that national grid electricity system operator TSO here in Great Britain has delivered as part of the review is that there are significant financial and environmental benefits to be achieved through coordination.” Photo by Menno Mulder.
The analysis suggests that by 2050 coordinating UK’s offshore transmission in a way previously not done could deliver up to £6 billion in consumer savings through reduced infrastructure spending and reduce the associated onshore landing points by around 50%, making a massive difference on the environmental and social impacts of delivering such large volumes of offshore wind. Fox also emphasized that the main challenge is making sure that there are compatible frameworks that support the development of the coordinated cross-border infrastructure so that private sector developers have the appropriate regulatory routes through which they can progress their projects. Working with the EU The review is said to represent the right place for the UK to start considering the international dimension of the coordination program. According to Fox, the plan is to consider the role of multipurpose hybrid interconnectors in meeting net-zero and how the enduring offshore transmission regime in Great Britain can support the delivery of such projects.
Photo by Menno Mulder.
'The UK and the EU need each other to realize the potential of the North Sea' To do this, there is a dedicated workstream to consider how best to realize the benefits of multipurpose interconnection projects which will complement and feed into the work of the broader review, identifying the legal, regulatory and commercial solutions and implementing them as part of the enduring regime. “Excitingly, there are also a number of potential projects being explored between TSOs in Great Britain and its North Sea neighbours to be able to facilitate their development and ensure these and future projects can be
delivered and then can deliver the potential benefits. We will be engaging with interested stakeholders in both Great Britain and the EU through the offshore transmission network review,” Fox added. When it comes to North Sea coordination, Fox stated that this must be done together. He claims that the UK cannot realize the potential of the North Sea without the EU and the EU cannot do it without the UK. “It is worth pointing out that in the meantime we are conscious that time is against us and both the UK and the EU cannot realize the
potential of the North Sea alone. We are keen to review the EU strategy on offshore renewable energy when published and to collaborate with other European partners, in particular on multi-purpose hybrid interconnector projects.” Oil & gas majors in offshore wind Once the review is predominantly focusing on domestic and international coordination of offshore transmission infrastructure, coordination across industries should be taken into account. BEIS Head of Europe and Offshore said that this refers to the potential
'Offshore wind is growing fast to become a global industry'
to decarbonize the oil & gas sector through the electrification of platforms and the production of green hydrogen using offshore renewable sources, as well as the use of carbon capture and storage. All these will require joined marine spatial planning, cross-borders, compatible regulatory frameworks and continued collaboration to share expertise. In his OEEC 2020 Energy Talk, named ‘The Global Offshore Wind Market – Recent Trends and Expectations’, John Dugstad, Director for Wind and Solar at Norwegian Energy Partners (NORWEP), agrees that global oil & gas ma-
jors entering the offshore wind industry increases the global reach of the sector. Dugstad claims that analysis shows a lot of global oil & gas players making alliances with local partners and specific local markets, like in Japan and Taiwan, and we will probably see such steps in South America, as well. “The global oil & gas majors entering the market will probably lend more to the globalization of the industry. We see that some of the global suppliers will soon be moving into other markets, and are with developers making alliances with local partners to create entities which can work both globally
and locally. I think that is a trend of the industry,” said Dugstad. Dugstad also presented during his talk the NORWEP annual market report. At the moment, the world has roughly 33 GW of operational offshore wind capacity. Almost double of that, 61,7 GW of projects is secured in terms of a financial investment decision (FID) or some sort of legislation, license or support system already given, as well as some of that being in construction. The Norwegian nonprofit organization stated that approximately 212 GW has been announced, of which some might be far in the future and some
might not happen at all, but it still indicates an immense growth in the industry throughout the next decades. Dugstad stated that Europe and the EU are still the hub of the industry and the central piece, in addition to China being the largest country in terms of projects. Luckily, there are many markets emerging, such as Sweden, which has not really produced legislation for offshore wind yet but has a number of projects announced, Australia, Vietnam, Poland and India. This sums up that offshore wind is growing fast to become a global in-
dustry. With a base in the offshore energy industries of Europe, it is now growing in size and both eastwards to the APAC market and westwards to the Americas. A growth of 15 GW, or 29%, per year to a total of 76 GW over the five-year period to reach circa 110 GW in 2025 is expected. In the projections, €255 billion will be spent, creating a sound market for offshore suppliers.
By Nadja Skopljak
The benefits of VLF cable testing and diagnostics
massive improvement in the network stability. Since with TD and PD series from b2 electronics both diagnostics can be carried out simultaneously, this greatly saves time and prevents pre-conditioning of the cable which would occur by the first of two separate but sequential tests.
Dry-type transformer All test sets and diagnostics sets from
Throughout the history there have been multiple methods to test and diagnose the state of insulation in medium voltage (MV) and high voltage (HV) cables. Some of them were effective, the other ones less. VLF diagnostics is a standardized nondestructive and contemporary method determining the condition of the cables in MV and HV networks.
Like, the resistance measurement and DC high potential (hipot) testing have been found to be both destructive on the cable isolation, causing premature failure of aged MV cables, and ineffective in detecting various types of serious pending insulation defects in new and older cable installations. Plus, DC testing often led to trapped space charges in “water trees” and therefore limited the remaining lifetime of cables with aged polymer insulation (XLPE, EPR). In all these cases, VLF testing is a good compromise. VLF diagnostics is a standardized nondestructive and contemporary method determining the condition of the cables in MV and HV networks. It is capable of reliable AC testing of kilometers of cable with a small, portable unit. With the frequency in a range of hundreds to tenths of Hertz, we need up to 500 times less energy to charge a cable than with typical 50 Hz in the network. VLF cable testing is a good compromise, since it delivers better test efficacy than DC testing and presents no danger to the healthy insulation. At the same time, it has a good reflection of 50 Hz response. VLF cable testing devices from b2 electronics, performed at a very low frequency (VLF) of 0.01 Hz to 0.1 Hz, are ideal candidates for a precise testing and detailed diagnostics.
Diagnostics equipment Many of the measuring sites, if not most of them, are located in a bumpy rural terrain or, on the other hand, within the city traffic. b2 electronics is well aware of these types of locations and came out with a size and a design fitting perfectly to these conditions, where space and transport can be an issue. Diagnostics equipment from b2 electronics fits easily into a van or on a trailer (offering here a significantly lighter and CO2 friendlier solution than typically seen for devices of such a potential) and thus can be transported to principally anywhere.
'Detailed diagnostics' The test set from b2 electronics with output voltage of 21 kVrms weighs only 14 kilograms. The heavier test sets come in a trolley case, securing an easy handling. With heavier we are talking about output voltages up to 85 kVrms and the weight under 200 kilograms which is still incomparable with reasonably heavier test sets working
at 50 Hz and the same output voltage. The only candidate requesting the use of a trailer is the test set reaching output voltage as high as 141 kVrms and weighing just under a ton.
Joint TD and PD diagnostics In order to identify the problems that may exist within a cable, next to the measurement alone we need to move one step further and provide detailed diagnostics of the cable insulation. There are two general approaches here (b2 electronics offering both of these simultaneously), namely Tan Delta (TD) and Partial discharge (PD) diagnostics. TD diagnostics reveals presence of damages caused by water trees. Especially in demand is TD diagnostics for aged polymeric cables (e.g. XLPE), since with age and due to mechanical influences, insulation deteriorates and is no longer able to provide the expected dielectric strength. PD diagnostics, on the other hand, detects and locates electrical trees or other PD faults in cables and their connections (joints and terminations). These are often caused by mechanical damage as a consequence of incorrect installation. By finding the exact PD location (which is not an automatic feature of all PD test sets on the market), detected damages can be fixed before they result in a cable failure. This leads to a
b2 electronics are almost maintenance free due to the dry-type transformer with no oil or arcing contacts (both of which require routine servicing). They are following corresponding guides and are in compliance with corresponding standards and their local derivations. In addition, the company’s extensive product portfolio is patent proofed and makes b2 electronics the market leader for compact and light-
weight energy cable test and diagnostics equipment.
E firstname.lastname@example.org I www.control-protection.be The Market Contribution is a section in which companies share their business endeavors or market analyses. Please contact us at email@example.com for inquiries.
b2 electronics is the market leader for compact and lightweight energy cable test and diagnostics equipment. Photo by b2 electronics.
25 “We are seeking the sweet spot here between emission-free sailing and achieving reliability of the boat at the highest speed possible.” Image courtesy: Wallenius Marine.
Sweden-based Wallenius Marine is working on the development of a revolutionary ship design, which promises to cut emissions by 90% when compared to the best in class vessels
of today. The vessel concept, named Oceanbird, featuring a wind-powered Pure Car and Truck Carrier (PCTC) able to carry 7,000 cars in its hull, was presented in a webcast.
Aside from Wallenius Marine, which is the project coordinator, the Swedish collaborative project is being implemented by the Royal Institute of Technology (KTH) and SSPA. It is
supported by the Swedish Transport Administration, which is acting as a co-financier. KTH is addressing the challenges within areas such as aerodynamics, sailing mechanics and performance analysis. SSPA is contributing with expertise within the development and validation of new testing methods, aerodynamic and hydrodynamic simulation methods and risk simulation. Described as the world’s largest sailing vessel, the first full-scale vessel from the project is expected to be delivered at the end of 2024.
'The hull will be fitted with five wing sails'
With the current design, the vessel is 200 metres long, and 40 metres wide and has an estimated average speed 10 knots. The specially designed hull will be fitted with five wing sails, each at around 80 meters high, twice the height of those on the largest sailing vessels around today. The design features a mix of aerodynamic used in aeroplanes and shipbuilding technology. The rigging is made of steel and composite materials and turns 360
low the technology and use the most feasible, and best fuel available on the market, with the lowest level of emissions as possible,” Per Tunell, Chief Operating Officer, Wallenius Marine, said during the webcast.
degrees to catch the wind in an optimal way.
Oceanbird we will take a leap towards our vision. We have been pushing the sustainability agenda in shipping for decades, and it has been quite challenging sometimes. Over the last few years, there has been a growing demand for sustainable solutions, so I am convinced now is the right time to do it,” he pointed out.
It will be possible to ‘reef’ the wing sails, reducing their height with approx. 60 meters. The hight above the waterline with the wing sails down will be 45 meters. The wing sails will be autonomous to a certain degree, however, the company is not planning to make the entire ship autonomous as it believes this would overburden the ship with novel technology.
Introducing Oceanbird, a wind-driven PCTC The vessels that shape the offshore energy sector are constantly evolving to meet shifting demands. Sustainability is high on everybody’s wish list and the wish for greener operations start at the drawing table. Three unique offshore vessels - a crew transfer vessel and two DP2- B-type vessels - were presented recently. They are going to be constructed by Mawei Shipyard and Wight Shipyard Co.
The ship is designed to be suitable for any deep-sea operations. The North Atlantic has been selected as the starting trade route for the ship. A transatlantic crossing with Oceanbird will take around twelve days, compared with the eight days it takes conventional vessels, the project developers estimate.
Nevertheless, when it comes to crewing, the ship would need a somewhat different crew composition due to the technology installed on board. The company anticipates the wings would be built by an external supplier and delivered to a yet-to-be selected shipbuilder that would be entrusted with constructing the first ship from the project. The vessels will also be fitted with engines to enable them to maneuver in and out of port, and for an emergency operation. During those operations, the sails would be lowered, so the ships could move around more easily, avoiding potential infrastructural hurdles to free navigation. The company is yet to decide on the type of fuel that would be used once the ship is built. “We will bring energy on board in some kind of fuel, but we don’t know yet what that fuel will be. We will fol-
Tunell believes the market readiness for this type of vessel is increasing with the greater pressure from consumers and regulators for shipping to become more sustainable. “With
Tunell admits the ship would most probably be an odd sight once it starts sailing the seas. That being said, he is very optimistic about the ship’s future given the overwhelming support from the key stakeholders involved in discussions with the project developers. These include ship operators, cargo owners, ports, and authorities, he said. From a technical perspective, the most challenging aspect was getting the wing rigs, the hull, and all other different components to work together as a one, integrated unit, Carl-Johan Söder, Design Manager Wallenius Marine, said during the webcast. “Definitely, the wing rigs and getting a set-up where you have sufficient efficiency, but also the ability to generate enough power and de-power in a safe and robust way was very demanding,” he added. “Normally, when you optimize the hull of a cargo ship, your number one priority is to minimize the drag. But there is also a need to take care of the big side forces that are generated by the wing rigs. We do that with the number
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The design will be ready for orders in 2021 and the company is aiming for a possible launch in 2024. Image courtesy: Wallenius Marine. Kolmer Motoren editie 1-2020 Offshore Energy Magazine
of immovable fins, which compensate the side forces so that the hull can go straight through the water, instead of having a side slip or a drift angle,” he said. Wallenius Marine started looking into potential zero-emission solutions for shipping ten years ago, and after researching different solutions, the company’s engineers and naval architects concluded that the renewable energy source with the most potential was wind power. An investigation into wind power potential has found that only fixed wing sails would meet the company’s stringent demands for performance, sustainability, and durability. In 2018, Wallenius Marine partnered up with KTH and SSPA in a cluster of competence to develop the project. In 2019, economic and technical simulations and tests followed suit, with projects like measurements of wind speeds at high altitudes at sea taking place as well. In summer 2020, the first PCTC hull model was put to the test at sea.
“The development project has come very far. We have started testing with 7-metre models in open water recently and will continue this fall. The design will be ready for orders in 2021 and we are aiming for a possible launch in 2024,” Richard Jeppsson, VP Commercial & Partnership, Oceanbird, said in a comment. According to Jakob Kuttenkeuler, professor of naval architecture at KTH, testing of the 7-meter models is being used to practice maneuvers at sea and verify performance predictions of simulation tests for different situations. “Well, from the perspective of a technical university, this is the engineering dream and it’s also probably one of the most thrilling projects that I personally been involved in during my career,” he said. “This is an optimization challenge. We are seeking the sweet spot here between emission-free sailing and achieving reliability of the boat at the highest speed possible.” Commenting on the support from the Swedish Transport Administration, Tunell said
that the assistance has made it possible to kick start the project, shortening its delivery time by several years. Likely construction cost for the vessel is not expected to exceed much the one assigned to a traditional vessel from the class. However, as Tunell explained, the developers don’t have the full picture of the cost yet. It will likely be slightly more expensive than a traditional vessel, with a premium being spent on the wing rigs. From a business model perspective, different factors would have to be considered when compared to conventional vessels. These include less bunkering, longer lead times, and potential routes and port rotation operators might choose for the ships. Hence, different scenarios are being considered by SSPA to better understand different market potentials. The car carrier sector is the starting point for this type of technology since Wallenius Marine knows this sector the best. Nevertheless, the company is planning to expand this concept into other sectors as well.
A perfect fit for performance The Volvo Penta D8
The outstanding Volvo Penta D8 combines high performance with low emissions, fuel consumption and noise levels. The D8 offers a very high power-to-weight ratio, designed for planing craft that require fast acceleration and high speeds. The D8 comes in two strong versions. Inboard, with four power outputs – 450, 510, 550 and 600 hp – and Volvo Penta IPS, featuring new robust controls, developed to work as a totally and seamlessly integrated system, from prop to helm.
Volvo Penta D8
To date, Denmark will be the largest producer of oil and gas which set an end date for production. Photo by Øyvind Holmstad.
Denmark to end oil and gas era in 2050
The Danish Parliament has announced that it will cancel all future licensing rounds for new oil and gas exploration and production permits in the Danish part of the North Sea and end existing production by 2050. As a major oil-producing country in the EU, Denmark’s announcement is a landmark decision towards phasingout fossil fuels in Europe. The government of Denmark also agreed to allocate money to secure a just transition for impacted workers.
The government, the Liberal Party, the Radical Left, the Danish Party, the Socialist Party, and the Conservatives entered into a mutual agreement on the future of the North Sea, which sets a new green direction in line with the Climate Act’s goal. In addition to the end date in 2050, according to which it will no longer be possible to extract oil and gas in the Danish part of the North Sea, the agreement entails the cancellation of both the 8th and all future licensing rounds. End date This further means that the remaining rules are locked in such a way as to
create security for existing production. To date, Denmark will be the largest producer of oil and gas which set an end date for production. The countries that have taken similar steps up to now have been smaller producers. The main rationale behind the decision is to use it as a springboard for a global leadership role in the work in the phasing out of oil and gas. Minister of climate, energy and supply Dan Jørgensen, said: “I am very pleased that we now have a broad agreement on the future of the North Sea, and I would like to thank the parties for their constructive approach to
'We are now putting an end to the fossil era'
the negotiations. The agreement sets a new, green course for the North Sea, and at the same time strikes a really good balance, and it benefits everyone. We are now putting an end to the fossil era, and drawing a straight line between our activities in the North Sea and the Climate Act’s goal of climate neutrality in 2050”. Broad majority The industry is somewhat secured regardless of the decision. Namely, the Esbjerg area will still grow and be developed, there will be a collaboration with the industry on possible electrification of the existing production, as
well as creating an initiative on CO2 storage in the North Sea. “It is incredibly important that we now have a broad majority behind the agreement so that there is no longer any doubt […]. In the Esbjerg area, in particular, there are many people employed in the sector, and now there is peace of mind so that the companies and investors involved in the North Sea have a stable framework to work within. At the same time, we will continuously help the people who are currently employed in the oil industry to new job opportunities, e.g. through continuing education. The agreement
contains exciting opportunities to utilize the old oil and gas fields for CO2 storage, where there is also great job potential, even in the same area and for the same professional groups”, Jørgensen added. ‘A watershed moment’ For more than 80 years Denmark allowed exploration for hydrocarbons. The first commercial discovery was made in 1972. On the Danish continental shelf in the North Sea, there are 55 platforms scattered across 20 oil and gas fields. French oil major Total is responsible for production in 15 of these fields, while UK-based Ineos operates
in three of them while Hess and Wintershall Dea operate one each. In 2019, Denmark produced 103,000 barrels of oil per day, making Denmark the EU’s second-largest producer after the UK. Denmark will likely take first place after the completion of Brexit. In the same year, Denmark produced a total of 3.2 billion cubic meters of fossil gas. According to data from a statement by Greenpeace, Danish oil and gas production is projected to increase over the coming years before peaking in 2028 and 2026 respectively and will start declining thereafter.
Efficient spare part management for offshore industries Saving time and money through mobile 3D printing and machining The Mobile Smart Factory covers the entire Part Manufacturing process including pre- and post-processing.
Spare parts management is a critical and challenging element for a profitable business operation. The main issues are the uncertainty and volatility of demand, the diversity of items, geographically distributed markets and customer’s high expectations on availability and responsiveness. Consequences are often high levels of inventory, a complex supply chain and high logistics cost.
Additive Manufacturing (AM) is considered a promising way to optimize spare parts management as it allows a virtual storage and printing on demand. One emerging solution that is particularly promising for the provision of parts with AM are mobile, decentralized and modular printing systems. A “factory in a box” allows for a flexible and reliable provision of production capacities wherever needed. Such a solution is especially suitable for industries that operate in remote geographic locations with often-limited logistics capabilities like
the offshore sector. Spare parts can be provided fast and reliable on-site. At the same time, logistics efforts and costs can be reduced by shifting from a make-to-stock to a make-to-order approach while maintaining or even improving lead times. This also leads to a reduced risk of production downtimes. The Mobile Smart Factory is such a modular system. It covers the entire Part Manufacturing process including pre- and post-processing; making it possible to produce metal or polymer
spare and other functional parts on demand. The heart of the system is a multi-optional 6-axis machining centre from METROM Mobile Machines. It is based on a patented parallel kinematics concept and combines a Wire Arc Additive Manufacturing (WAAM) module with a milling and drilling unit. The system operator only has to set up and position the workpiece – the measuring of the workpiece, contour welding and milling are carried out consecutively in one clamping position. All technological steps are realised by a
direct tool change in the working area of the machine, so the user retracts a fully functioning, finished part. With all pre-processing tools set-up in the operating unit, the Mobile Smart Factory is a highly efficient ‘factory in a box’. As CSC-certified containers are used, it is easy to transport and install the system wherever needed so that the parts can be produced in the proximity of the customer. This has a huge positive impact on the complex supply chains for offshore industries and increases flexibility and agility. These sectors strive to develop an optimal spare parts holding strategy to maximize production and service readiness at a minimum cost. They have particular characteristics that favour Additive Manufacturing in general and mobile 3D printing in particular: lengthy procurement processes often compel
to maintain high inventory levels leading to significant warehouse cost, many low-volume components are relatively expensive to manufacture and unavailable required parts could lead to significant downtime cost.
'A factory in a box'
costs, supply bottlenecks and the risk of downtimes. By acknowledging and using the benefits of decentralized 3D printing, offshore companies can not only improve the spare part management, but also develop new operating strategies or generate new business models. This can range from prototype production, the provision of production capacities for external customers or the development of new logistics segments with Additive Manufacturing.
E firstname.lastname@example.org I www. mobile-smart-factory.com/ The Mobile Smart Factory can be the key to unlocking the optimizing potentials in these areas. An on demand and on-site production ultimately reduces delivery times, logistic costs, warehouse/storage
The Market Contribution is a section in which companies share their business endeavors or market analyses. Please contact us at email@example.com for inquiries.
Spotlight on energy transition trends and developments
Different markets of the offshore energy industry
GREEN MARINE FOSSIL ENERGY
Achieving a more sustainable system will require a diverse energy mix – if we make the right choices. The energy transition has been talked about for many years, but now the pandemic has given the world an opportunity to make it happen more quickly. In the industry we heard a lot of calls for integration, re-use, and information technologies, highlighting the importance of energy transition. In this article editors of www.Offshore-Energy.biz share their views on the developments in each market.
The different markets in the offshore energy industry are in the energy transition together.
Oil and gas Nermina Kulovic, Offshore Energy’s Fossil Energy Editor, highlights the first steps that the oil majors are taking in their energy transition journeys. “As we’ve all seen by now, the energy transition has been a major buzzword for years, being thrown around without detailed plans and commitments. However, just like many other things this year, this is now beginning to change.” Despite growing pressure by governments, environmentalists, and investors, the prevailing opinion is that the oil and gas will remain an integral part of the global energy mix for an extended period of time as the world’s energy demand continues to grow, but will not be met by renewable energy sources for years to come. “In the environment following a double-whammy of the oil price crash and
Covid-19 pandemic, one must wonder, will this shape up to be the industry’s most defining moment for years to come or will it remain business as usual once these hurdles have been overcome? This, remains to be seen.” Kulovic concluded that the oil and gas industry will have to show that it can be a leading player in the energy transition and renewable businesses and many of the major players are already stepping up their game to show it. It is also clear that getting to net-zero will require efforts from everyone, including governments, companies, investors, and citizens. Offshore Wind Adnan Durakovic, editor at offshoreWIND.biz and Offshore-Energy.biz, put the spotlight on the recent developments within the offshore wind which are helping the industry on its journey from niche to mainstream.
“2020 was a record-breaking year in terms of the capacity added. Between 6.6 GW and 8.8 GW of new offshore wind capacity is expected to be installed globally this year, with China accounting for over a half of the new installations,” Adnan Durakovic stated. “Looking further ahead, there is around 120 GW of projects expected to be operational by 2025 globally. This includes the already commissioned projects. Based on the announced commercial operation dates, the annual installation capacity is expected to grow from over 6.6 GW in 2020 to over 19 GW in 2025.” According to a recent analysis by Rystad Energy, going big with the wind turbines pays off even given the fact that the larger units will be more expensive to manufacture. Overall, the analysis shows that using the 14 MW turbines on a 1 GW wind farm offers cost savings of nearly USD 100 million
'2020 was a record-breaking year in offshore wind' versus installing the currently available 10 MW turbines. The cost reduction, however, does not come from the 14 MW wind turbines, which actually add to the overall costs compared to the 10 MW units, Durakovic said. According to Rystad Energy, the largest savings are made on the use of fewer foundations (over USD 100 million on the manufacturing costs alone with the estimated price of one foundation being USD 3 to 4 million), and lower installation costs (including inter-array cables with up to USD 15 million in potential savings) which could
lead up over USD 50 million in potential cost reduction. Marine Energy “As we move forward with energy transition, technology developers are working to become part of that energy mix by unlocking the potential of ocean-based renewables and shift the technology from a research and development stage to a commercial stage. The challenge is to lower the cost, increase production and deployment in order to get scale effects,” says Adis Ajdin, editor Subsea and Marine Energy at Offshore Energy.
“When it comes to marine energy, we can safely say that Europe is the sectors’ frontrunner. In tidal stream, for example, the world’s first offshore arrays are in Europe, as is the world’s largest array, and the world’s largest turbine. In wave energy, Europe has the largest number of full-scale wave energy devices. Just last year, we saw the largest ever tidal energy project approved not only by the France (Channel) England Programme but by any Interreg programme.”
17th, 18th and 19th of May 2022 EVENEMENTENHAL GORINCHEM Maximising sustainable operations to achieve the IMO’s 2050 goal can only be accomplished through an effective collaboration.
'In the maritime industry being sustainable is a matter of business survival' “The Tidal Stream Industry Energiser Project, known as TIGER, aims deliver up to 8 MW of new tidal capacity at sites in and around the Channel region.” According to Ajdin, the total theoretical tidal energy capacity in the Channel region is estimated at nearly 4 GW, enough to power up to three million homes. When it comes to tidal stream energy UK and France are the top players in the sector, with Sweden, and The Netherlands also up there with the best of them. In March 2020, UK developer Orbital Marine Power signed up to a second berth at the European Marine Energy Centre (EMEC) paving the way to deliver its first 4MW floating tidal turbine farm. Orbital, who decommissioned its legendary 2MW SR2000 device, which
saw some 3,3GWh of electricity generated at EMEC, is in the process of manufacturing its first commercial O2 floating tidal energy device also rated at 2 MW. It incorporates key innovations and lessons from the SR2000 which should boost its yield by a 35 per cent. The O2 project is backed by private as well as Scottish Government funding through Saltire Tidal Energy Challenge Fund. The O2 project is also supported by FloTEC project and ITEG project. “At the start of 2020, we saw some wave energy developers exploring commercial applications in the blue economy, powering subsea infrastructure for oil & gas, delivering power for subsea residency of underwater robotic vehicles, powering aquaculture as well as using wave power to boost
ship engines and reducing fuel consumption and lowering emission levels,” said Ajdin. One of these is Mocean Energy, which teamed up with subsea energy storage experts EC-OG and AUV specialist Modus in a project to look at using renewables for subsea power. The project will look to use Mocean Energy’s Blue Star wave energy converter and EC-OG’s HALO subsea energy storage system to power subsea tiebacks or residential AUVs. Blue Star programme is backed by £3.3 million from Wave Energy Scotland. Also, USbased Ocean Power Technologies, Modus and Saab Seaeye are working on a similar solution to deliver carbon-free power for subsea autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) residency.
VISIT THE WEBSITE Changing course The transformation of the maritime sector @Maritime_EH
Maritime Industry Gorinchem
According to recent reports, close to 3GW of ocean energy could be deployed worldwide by 2030, with costs falling to around €90/MWh for tidal stream and €110/MWh for wave energy. “As head of one of the marine energy test sites once said, we’ve seen a lot of technologies hit the ocean with a goal to harness its energy potential. Some of them work, some of them don’t. For those that do, it is not a question of if but when,” Adis Ajdin concluded. Sustainable Shipping According to Jasmina Ovcina Mandra, editor Green Marine at Offshore Energy, a study by UMAS and the Energy Transitions Commission for the Getting to Zero Coalition spells out that total investment to halve shipping‘s emissions and/or completely decarbonize by 2050 could cost between $1-1.9 trillion; 87 percent of the investments for land-based infrastructure and production of low carbon fuels and 13 percent related to the ship (machinery, onboard storage, and improving energy efficiency). A combination of wind propulsion, operation change and vessel optimization can deliver between 60 - 70 percent of decarbonization required. When speaking about the importance that maritime companies invest in de-
veloping green technologies, Ovcina Mandra says that offering energy efficient solutions is a way of getting ahead of market competition, because being sustainable is a matter of business survival. Dredging and Subsea Energy plays a role in the lifecycle of dredging and subsea projects, and decisions made early in the project initiation phase can have huge impacts on later energy consumption, said Eldin Ganic, editor of DredgingToday.com and OffshoreEnergy.biz. Also, legislation – related to emissions and sustainability – is becoming stricter and stricter. With the Energy Efficiency Design Index (EEDI), IMO has also adopted mandatory energy-efficiency measures to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases from international shipping. “Dredging and subsea operations have both positive and negative effects as regards climate change. All maritime activities, including dredging and subsea vessels, emit gases into the atmosphere; these emissions add to the problem of global warming,” says Eldin Ganic. The aim is to reduce the use of fuels that emit gases which add to the rise in temperatures and thus are detrimental to controlling climate changes.
The dredging industry and those who supply ships and engines to the industry have been actively seeking new technologies to meet these IMO standards. System integration represents smart pairing of fossil and renewable energy networks. The presence of (offshore) infrastructure for fossil energy production and transportation may provide opportunities to facilitate the transition to renewable energy sources. Implementing energy storage and smart grid – Implementing energy storage, using a wide variety of storage options and smart grid in which energy is automatically used at the time of production can temporarily cushion volatilities in energy demand and supply. Markets The different markets in the offshore energy industry are in the energy transition together. They are also connected. Maritime ingenuity is needed to construct wind farms. Electric power is transmitted by subsea cabling. Oil & gas is the fuel that makes the energy transition happen. Other forms of renewable energy, like marine energy, are needed to meet energy demands.
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The FlexFueler 001 from Shipyard Kooiman is used to ship-to-ship transfer of LNG.
Life after COVID-19: Will the world as we know it change for good? With the first lockdowns in place in March 2020, the Internet and social media were buzzing with posts and images of empty cities, and in some cities, even wild animals were pictured roaming the streets as if nature was reclaiming the world from humanity.
As governments across the globe shut down their plants and traffic systems, confining people to their homes so as to curb the spread of the Coronavirus, the daily global CO2 emissions dropped providing some silver lining to the pandemic. The suspension of road and air traffic, coupled with shutdowns in industrial complexes in China and steel production in the U.S. significantly cut the global CO2 emissions during the first half of the year. According to figures from Nature Research, daily global CO2 emissions decreased by –17% by early April 2020 compared with the mean 2019 levels, with emissions in individual countries decreased by –26% on average at their peak. The pandemic-related shutdowns have shown that decarbonizations goals could be attained at a snap of the fingers if the world wanted to push forward with ambitious actions. Air pollution Nevertheless, the positive effects on air pollution and the environment were temporary. As soon as the plants started working again, we saw that those emission cuts quickly returned
Fortunately, there seems to be some light at the end of the tunnel as the development of COVID-19 vaccines marks significant milestones. It will take some time before the vaccination finally curbs the spread of the virus enabling the world to go back to normal and for the economies to recover. However, the time we have had during the pandemic to reflect about the world as we know it should serve as a lesson on how to rebuild back the global economies in line with the
greatest peril to the humanity of our time – climate change. Economic recovery There is a mounting pressure for the post-pandemic economic recovery to go hand in hand with the sustainability goals of the Paris Agreement, which this year celebrates its fifth anniversary, and abandon, once and for all, the energy sector’s reliance on fossil fuels. Energy transition has become quite a trend this year with numerous oil
'Energy transition: Are we there yet?'
to previous levels. On the other hand, the economic impact of those factory closures, work from home orders and quarantines have been devastating for numerous sectors resulting in losses, layoffs and cuts across the board. The International Monetary Fund (IMF) expects the global economy to contract by 4.4% this year, a large drop compared with the 3.3% growth being projected in January. The pandemic has triggered one of the worst humanitarian crises in the shipping sector, causing over 400,000 seafarers to be stranded at sea and some 400,000 more unable to join ships due to travel restrictions imposed by individual governments. Furthermore, COVID-19 has put a break on numerous investments slowing down global economic progress and triggering fears of recession across global economies. The shutdowns due to COVID-19 and the sense of urgency they were carried out with by global governments, compromising economic output for the sake of human safety and health have been unprecedented. How will the world look like after the pandemic? Photo by Eric Bakker.
and gas majors taking stakes in the renewable energy sectors and a handful of governments announcing their carbon neutrality plans. Even Beijing, the world’s biggest polluter, announced plans to make China carbon neutral by 2060. The timing is perfect. But will the world be able to step up and act with the same vigour and sense of urgency to combat climate change as it did with the pandemic? “Lessons learned from the economic crisis in 2008-2009 show that CO2 emissions dropped, while in 2010 the rebound was four times higher than in the previous year due to the economic recovery. It is in all our interest to use this time to avoid that scenario and have a peak CO2 emissions in 2019. In order to do so, we need a strong, sustainable recovery plan and a continuous commitment to net-zero by 2050 or later,” Mechthild Wörsdörfer, Director Sustainability, Technology and Outlooks, IEA, said in a recent webinar hosted by the International Chamber of Shipping (ICS). Sustainable recovery The world needs a sustainable recovery plan, creating jobs and economic recovery while pushing for a reduction of CO2 emissions. As governments
across the globe embark upon the monumental task of devising stimulus and recovery packages, the clock is ticking for the governments to go green. Nevertheless, sacrificing sustainability goals for the sake of economic rebound might just be what certain governments are willing to do. According to the International Institute for Sustainable Development, despite repeated pledges to end inefficient fossil fuel subsidies, G20 governments’ support to fossil fuels has dropped by only 9% since 2014–2016, hitting $584 billion annually over the last three years. Based on the study IISD conducted in cooperation with the Overseas Development Institute (ODI) and Oil Change International (OCI), the marginal progress will likely be undone this year by billions of dollars committed to fossil fuels in response to COVID-19. “G20 governments were already not on track to meet their Paris Agreement commitments on ending public support for fossil fuels before COVID-19,” says Anna Geddes of IISD, lead author of the report. Now, disappointingly, they are moving in the opposite direction. G20 funds for fossil fuels are likely on course to remain constant
or even trend upwards again in 2020 compared to the last few years where we’ve seen a slight drop in support.” According to data from the Energy Policy Tracker, G20 governments have given at least $233 billion in additional support through recovery measures to fossil fuel-intensive sectors since the pandemic began. These billions represent a missed opportunity to accelerate the energy transition and to power long-term job creation and investment opportunities at a time when we need them most, members of the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) Coalition for Action said. IRENA insists that the governments across the world need to work together toward a Global Green Deal and pave the way for a clean, low-carbon global economy. Hence, there should be a greater push to subsidize technologies consistent with long-term climate sustainability, which include flexible power grids, efficiency solutions, electric vehicle charging, energy storage, interconnected hydropower, green hydrogen, etc. Nevertheless, it appears that it will be very difficult to let go of old habits. Global shipping The global shipping industry is expected to play a key role in the global economic recovery post-pandemic as a vital enabler of smooth functioning of international supply chains. Trade recovery has been slow this year, especially as winter brought about new waves of COVID-19 cases and related lockdowns across the world. Moving forward, this will probably be the case in 2021, with demand picking up in line with the pace of phasing out of the pandemic. The post-pandemic recovery of global economies will definitely increase the demand for shipping which is good news. However, in the long-term, the sector is also likely to see some changes with regard to global trade patterns.
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There is a mounting pressure for the post-pandemic economic recovery to go hand in hand with the sustainability goals of the Paris Agreement. Photo by Danny Cornelissen.
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nia and hydrogen carriers are likely to step in and take over major trading routes. However, the volumes of oil traded globally would probably be unmatched by its likely successor(s). Geopolitical trends Aside from economic recovery, geopolitical trends will play a significant role in the future shaping of trading volumes and patterns, for sure. It is yet to be seen what kind of policies will be adopted to make this a reality, and what approach will the Biden administration take, once it takes office, towards China. The global shipping industry is expected to play a key role in the global economic recovery post-pandemic as a vital enabler of smooth functioning of international supply chains. Photo by Kees Torn.
“Although it may be too early to fully grasp supply-chain redesign patterns in a postpandemic recovery scenario, it is inevitable that the shipping industry will be fundamentally affected, regardless of the specific trajectories that different industries follow. For instance, a reshoring trajectory, leading to shorter and less fragmented value chains, could have an impact on deepsea cargo volumes and the capacity to generate economies of scale through megasized vessels, which also provide less flexibility than smaller ships to adapt to sharp fluctuations between supply and demand,” UNCTAD said in its Review of Maritime Transport 2020. Self-sufficiency A tendency to switch toward self-sufficiency and water down the globalization process built on low labour cost differentials and extensive outsourcing of production is emerging slowly but surely. The pandemic has shown that reliance on single sources of goods is not sustainable, hence countries are expected to shift to the diversification of sourcing goods and building up self-sufficiency, according to UNCTAD. The review points to following key trends in maritime transport and trade
that will be part of the pandemic’s legacy: An accelerated shift in globalization patterns and supply-chain designs. A swifter uptake of technology and digitalization, with technology increasingly permeating supply chains and their distribution networks, including transport and logistics. And finally, the global decarbonization agenda has implications for the two largest commodities transported at sea: crude oil and coal.
'Shipping: Key enabler of postcovid recovery battling its own transition' With some of the world’s largest importers of these products, shifting to carbon neutrality in the upcoming 30 to 40 years, most notably China, Japan, and South Korea, as well as the EU, the world’s trading patterns will probably have to shift adapting to demand prospects. Instead, ammo-
“While the style of US-China relations is expected to improve under a Biden administration, the substance is likely to remain broadly unchanged. US political orthodoxy sees China as a threat, particularly to US jobs. Protectionism remains in play, even as the US looks to re-engage with the WTO, the EU and, potentially, the TransPacific Partnership,” WoodMac’s Gavin Thompson‘s wrote in a blog post regarding the US elections and impact on China energy: “A significant increase in Chinese purchases of US energy would be a positive step. China’s imports of US crude are now rising, and US LNG into China is a compelling story given its inherent flexibility. Across the energy spectrum, collaboration on climate change offers enormous potential. But with strategic competition rising, the stakes are high. “ Be that as it may, there will be a bumpy road ahead for the shipping industry which is highly dependent on how these geopolitical relations will pan out. Further trading tensions, protectionism, and competition will not aid the cause. Collaboration and keeping eyes on the prize are the only way we can make the transition toward net-zero economies happen.
By Jasmina Ovcina
Test setup with prototype design at Maasvlakte 2.
Structural analysis of the sustainable monopile covers
The first step to turn the concept idea in an approved product fulfilling all the requirements was to develop a prototype. From the start, Femto Engineering was involved in the development. The structural feasibility of the concept was proved by defining and carrying out Finite Element Analysis for a great number of load case combinations. The combinations include the loads in different stages (transport, stacked lifting, installation, usages) combined with extreme weather conditions (wind, snow). After feasibility was proved, the concept design was improved based on the insides of the structural analysis and feedback of other stakeholders.
For Vattenfall’s offshore wind farm Hollandse Kust Zuid, Femto performed the structural analyses of monopile covers developed by polyester manufacturer Theuws and offshore engineering specialist Enersea. Monopiles are the foundation of the wind turbines that rises several meters above sea level. During the construction of the wind farm the covers will be used to protect the platform and constructor workers inside the monopile before the turbine tower is placed.
Prototype The first prototype was constructed at the Theuws yard in Wieringerwerf mid June 2020. After a positive func-
tional inspection and water test, the prototype was further tested at Sif’s terminal at Maasvlakte 2 in Rotterdam. Sif has been granted the assignment to build to monopiles. The cover was mounted on a mockup monopile so the complete construction could be tested on functionality, load resistance, water tightness and several other aspects. Test outcomes were very promising. Together with Theuws and Enersea, Femto works on the optimisation of the prototype design and focuses on the structural integrity of the monopile cover in every design iteration. Vattenfall will start the construction of Hollandse Kust Zuid in June 2021. Only 5 months to go to optimise the cover, get into serial production and have the first 41 covers ready for installation.
FEM model of design iteration.
For Vattenfall’s offshore wind farm Hollandse Kust Zuid, Femto performed the structural analyses of monopile covers developed by polyester manufacturer Theuws and offshore engineering specialist Enersea. Monopiles are the foundation of the wind turbines that rises several meters above sea level. During the construction of the wind farm the covers will be used to protect the platform and constructor workers inside the monopile before the turbine tower is placed. Wind farm developer Vattenfall demanded its subcontractors to develop a smart and environmentally friendly solution for the monopile cover. Un-
til now, most monopile covers have been made of steel of aluminium and are designed for one specific offshore wind farm. After finalizing the farm, these covers become a waste product. Of course, these materials can be recycled, but this involves an energy consuming process. Another method is using a tent cover. This option has the risk of being blown away at high speeds contaminating the sea and leave the monopile unprotected. To come up with a new and sustainable concept, Vattenfall gave the subcontractors the freedom both in terms of construction and material choice.
Challenge Enersea and Theuws accepted the engineering challenge and came up with a first concept that can be best described as an ingenious birthday cake. The construction consists of different fiber reinforced polyester panels that with a little imagination look like pie slices. The top panel of the cover can be reused for every diameter of offshore monopile currently on the market. Top diameters of monopile typically vary between 6 and 8 meters. By using longer or shorter part on the slope the monopile cover can be tailor made to fit the diameter of the monopile in a new project.
'Vattenfall demanded an environmentally friendly monopile cover'
regulations would inevitably ‘spill over’ to impact countries that trade with China,” David Bull, a Senior Analyst at Gibson Consultancy and Research writes in the latest edition of Gibson’s Tanker Market Report.
China going carbon neutral: What will it mean for shipping? Pudong area of Shanghai. Photo by Peter K. Burian
In September, China’s President Xi Jinping pledged before the UN General Assembly to make China carbon neutral by 2060. This is a bold goal for the world’s largest polluter at a time when the nation is planning to develop nearly 150 gigawatts worth of coal power plants.
The momentum is building for the world’s players to step up and go green as the only way of mitigating the impact of climate change. The enormous task is being revealed as the EU strengthens its Paris agreement goals, vowing to slash emissions by 55% by 2030 in line with its Green Deal policies. China’s announcement comes ahead of the 2021 United Nations Climate Change Conference, COP26, which was supposed to be held this year but was delayed due to COVID-19.
The conference is expected to result in more ambitious climate action from global governments in order to keep global heating below 2C. Clamping down on emissions across global supply chains, industrial sectors, and vowing to attain carbon neutrality has become a major trend over the past couple of years amid growing pressure from the public to slash emissions. This year alone, we have seen many oil and gas majors, like Shell, BP and Equinor, announce their energy transition goals with a major
switch to investments in renewables. The shipping sector is also witnessing a shift toward investments in renewables like hydrogen or offshore wind, the most recent example being Scorpio Bulkers revealing plans to build a massive wind turbine installation vessel while shedding bulker fleet. Beijing’s pledge will require a massive and rapid shift in policy making and implementing to meet the 2060 carbon neutrality goal. But, if anyone can do it at this pace, China can as
its track record has shown! Namely, China has become a clean-tech manufacturing powerhouse and a world leader in renewable energy, resulting in an investment surge to support solar and wind projects over the past five years. For one, China is busy making strides in the offshore wind realm, as it is expected to overtake the UK’s booming offshore industry. The country has shown steady growth in terms of installed capacity in coastal waters, marking a 23% growth in total installed offshore wind capacity in 2019 to around 2 gigawatts (GW), including nine fully commissioned wind farms and more than 530 turbines added on the mainland, data from Rystad Energy shows. Rystad expects new installed capacity could nearly double to 4 GW this year and reach nearly 7 GW in 2021. Furthermore, China’s
three biggest national oil companies – Petrochina, Sinopec and CNOOC – are also looking to diversify into wind and hydrogen power.
'Global trends focus on what goes on in China' “The path to zero emissions will require intervention on a scale not seen before, with the need for new regulations, feed-in tariffs for renewables, subsidies for alternative fuels as well as more stringent laws to ensure compliance. Any new rules and
$5 trillion investment Wood Mackenzie’s latest analysis shows over $5 trillion of investments would be needed for China to reach its pathway for carbon-neutrality by 2060. Even though Xi said in his speech that China’s aim is to reach peak CO2 emissions ’before 2030’, the country will need to start to reduce its fossil fuel consumption soon if it is to transition its economy to achieve its reduced emission targets. “It is definitely a colossal task for a country using 90% hydrocarbons in its energy mix and annually producing more than 10 billion tonnes of CO2-e, and in addition, accounting for 28% of global total emissions,” Wood Mackenzie Asia Pacific Head of Markets and Transitions, Prakash Sharma, said. “In our Accelerated Energy Transition (AET-2) scenario, China’s emissions peak immediately and enter a period of rapid decline, reaching net-zero slightly after 2050. This is achieved by widescale electrification of transport, heating and industry as well as deployment of carbon capture use and storage (CCUS).” For China to reach its goal, Wood Mackenzie estimates solar, wind and storage capacities will have to increase 11 times to 5,040 gigawatts (GW) by 2050 compared to 2020 levels. Coalfired power capacity halves while gas ends at the same level as in 2019. Total power output expands nearly 2.5 times to 18,835 terawatt-hour (TWh) by 2050 compared to current levels.
The port of Rotterdam. Photo by Kees Torn.
To support the transition to low-carbon alternatives the country is expected to introduce considerable government subsidies and carbon pricing systems. WoodMac estimates that China’s carbon price support to reach $109 per tonne by 2030. Impact on shipping In the shipping business, global trends have a major focus on what goes on in China, as demand and supply shifts in line with the country’s policies tend to shape outlooks for entire sectors within the shipping market. “China currently accounts for approximately 52% of coal, 14% of oil and 8% of natural gas global consumption.
Moving its economy away from these fuels will have significant implications on all fossil fuels (including oil),” Bull said. “This will impact both local production and import volumes. The refinery sector will also have to adapt to the new environment. Whether this can be accomplished with the current infrastructure is still to be decided.” Gibson predicts that the climate goals of the world’s largest oil importer will have implications for the global tanker market, as oil demand growth from China slows, and eventually declines. As a result, tankers will need to look elsewhere for demand, some of which may be unconventional. DNV GL’s Programme Director on the ETO,
Sverre Alvik, agrees the tanker sector is likely to be impacted heavily by the transition.
carbon neutrality would implicitly mean very little coal and hence little import.”
“For oil, carbon neutrality in 2060 and peak emissions in 2030 would probably mean a continued increase in oil import the coming decade, but thereafter a relatively steep decline from 2030 to 2060 in our forecasts,” Alvik said when approached for a comment by Offshore Energy-Green Marine.
DNV GL estimates that imports of coal are likely to start decreasing not later than the late 2020s. However, the move to carbon neutrality is likely to spell some good news for the LNG imports for the upcoming 15-20 years, Alvik explained. “After this also gas (and LNG) use will ultimately start to reduce,” he said.
“For coal, only a very small share of the coal China use is imported on keel, so the decisions taken to produce domestically or not are more important on short/medium term. Longer-term,
Gibson believes alternative fuels such as hydrogen, ammonia and methanol could well be the growth sectors of the future, with Sinopec already focusing on producing hydrogen. “The country’s
transition over the next 40 years will impact all aspects of the shipping sector, from bunker fuels to vessel design, all in a bid to reach the goal of being carbon neutral,” Bull said. When asked about the likelihood of trends like the switch to hydrogen, ammonia imports picking up as a potential business opportunity for shipowners in China, Alvik explained: “It is hard to say whether hydrogen will be produced domestically or shipped, but generally shipping hydrogen is expensive and challenging.” “If ammonia wins the race to low/zerocarbon fuel, it can be an interesting commodity, but bear in mind that the volumes will never be near what they
are for oil and oil products today.” “Renewable energy will certainly be big, and although the pandemic has demonstrated the vulnerability of supply chain and maybe increased the appetite for local production, China is believed to be a powerhouse for producing renewable energy components, which could give some export possibilities,” he pointed out. “The energy itself, in the form of electricity, is believed to be more of a locally/regionally produced form of energy and will offer relatively little trade opportunities, at least for shipping. “ By Jasmina Ovcina
What is happening Hapag-Lloyd orders six LNGpowered 23,500+ TEU ULCVs in $1 billion deal German liner giant Hapag-Lloyd has ordered six ultra-large container vessels from Korean shipyard Daewoo Shipbuilding & Marine Engineering (DSME). The $ 1 billion investment will see the LNG-powered 23,500+ TEU vessels delivered to Hapag-Lloyd between April and December 2023.
Singapore gets its 1st LNG bunkering vessel Keppel Offshore & Marine Ltd (Keppel O&M) has delivered Singapore’s first liquefied natural gas (LNG) bunkering vessel, FueLNG Bellina, to FueLNG, a joint venture between Keppel Offshore & Marine and Shell Eastern Petroleum. Built in Keppel O&M’s Nantong shipyard, FueLNG Bellina is the second LNG bunkering vessel and fifth dual-fuel vessel delivered by Keppel O&M. The vessel will provide LNG bunker to LNG-powered vessels that call at the Port of Singapore, thus facilitating the adoption of LNG as a marine fuel and the growth of Singapore as a global LNG bunkering hub. As reported earlier, the vessel’s first contracts will be to provide ship-to-ship LNG bunkering to the Shell-chartered tankers and for one of Hapag Lloyd’s container vessels. FueLNG will also provide LNG bunkering from Singapore’s first dedicated LNG bunkering facility scheduled to be built by Keppel O&M on its Floating Living Lab. Shell will be supplying the LNG to the facility when it becomes operational at the end of 2021. Designed by Keppel O&M’s technology arm, Keppel Marine and Deepwater Technology (KMDTech), to its proprietary MTD 7500U LNG design, the vessel has a barge-like extended flat surface to provide bunker to a wide range of vessels. The ship was named in October. FueLNG Bellina is also the world’s first bunkering vessel with Smart Notation for its suite of digital services. Equipped with Keppel O&M’s proprietary VesselCare solutions, these smart functions enable remote monitoring and real-time support of vessel operations.
The vessels will be fitted with fuel-efficient high-pressure dual-fuel engines, that will operate on LNG, but they will have alternatively sufficient tank capacity to operate on conventional fuel, the company said. Hapag-Lloyd added that the financing for the massive investment has already been secured. The vessels will be deployed on the Europe – Far East routes as part of THE Alliance. The German boxship owner revealed intentions to order new ULCVs at the beginning of this year, saying orders would be most likely be placed until 2021 as the company needed to start rejuvenating its fleet with more efficient and eco-friendly vessels. The investment in LNG-powered giants comes on the back of Hapag-Lloyd’s first conversion project of an LNG-ready ultra-large containership to LNG: Hapag-Lloyd’s 15,000 TEU Sajir boxship. The project is the core of Hapag-Lloyd’s sustainability strategy, as using LNG has the potential to reduce CO2 emissions by 15 to 30 percent and sulphur dioxide and particulate matter emissions by more than 90 percent.
PetroRio buys semi-submersible rig for one dollar Brazilian oil and gas company PetroRio has bought a semi-submersible drilling rig for a symbolic fee of $1. The rig will be used for well interventions and completions and enable the company to save on costs when compared to a leased rig. PetroRio said on Monday it had signed an agreement with Ventura for the acquisition, for $1.00 (one US Dollar), of the Atlantic Zephyr rig. Ventura Petróleo SA is a subsidiary of Petroserv Marine and is responsible for the drilling and production operations of the company’s units in Brazil. The Atlantic Zephyr rig is a semi-submersible anchored rig suitable for interventions and completions in wells with water depths up to 300m. It was built in 1973. PetroRio explained that this acquisition’s purpose is to reduce operational costs and increase the Tubarão Martelo field’s efficiency through a significant reduction of the response time to eventual wells shutdowns. This strategy aims to replicate the Polvo field’s successful model, which achieved efficiency and investments payback records, due to the rig attached to the platform. The rig is expected to add annual operational and maintenance costs of around $3 million and will avoid the contracting of third-party rigs for field interventions.
According to PetroRio, the field’s water depth requires anchored rigs, which have limited availability in Brazil, and can take several months to deploy. This acquisition will allow workovers to be carried out in 60 to 70 days, at a cost of approximately $9 million, which is more than 40 per cent less than the cost of a workover carried out with a leased rig. PetroRio has also signed an agreement with Prisma Capital for the conversion of the $100 million bridge loan into a long-term financing agreement, thus extending the dates of the debt amortization. The purpose of the financing was to provide part of the funds for the OSX-3 FPSO and Tubarão Martelo field acquisitions and had already foreseen this term extension, pending guarantee suitability and maintaining the same interest rate. To remind, PetroRio in August 2020 started production from a new well on the Tubarão Martelo field, which is located offshore Brazil. The start of production from the well was part of a revitalization campaign on the field. The long-term financing agreement maintains the principal outstanding and sets the amortizations in FOUR equal tranches of $25 million in July 2021, January 2022, July 2022, and January 2023.
Manila International Airport – The largest project in Boskalis’ history Boskalis has received a Letter of Confirmation of Acceptance of Bid for the Land Development Design and Construction of the Manila International Airport (MIA) in the Philippines. The Letter of Confirmation was issued by San Miguel Aerocity Inc (SMAI), a subsidiary of San Miguel Corporation (SMC). SMAI is the concession holder of MIA, which is a greenfield development aimed at serving the growing air traffic demands in the Greater Capital Region of Manila.The MIA land development project has an estimated value of EUR 1.5 billion, making this the largest project in Boskalis’ history. Commenting the latest announcement, Peter Berdowski, Boskalis CEO, said: “The confirmation of a project of this scale is fantastic news. As Boskalis, we have a rich tradition in creating land all over the world to the highest technical and environmental standards. Through this project, we have secured the utilization for our large dredging vessels for the coming years.” Approximately 1,700 hectares of land will be developed for the MIA airport in Bulakan, located around 20 kilometers north from the heart of Metro Manila in Bulacan Province. The government of the Philippines has granted a 50-year
concession to SMAI to build, operate and maintain the airport. The land development phase will be financed through a consortium of international banks. For the dredging activities, which will span over a period of three years, Boskalis will deploy a number of trailing suction hopper dredgers including its largest mega hopper dredgers and a large cutter suction dredger. Preparatory work is scheduled to begin in the first quarter of 2021 with the land development project expected to be completed by the end of 2024.
What is happening JDN’s biggest CSD passes sea trials Cutter suction dredger Willem van Rubroeck, the latest addition to the Jan De Nul Group fleet, has successfully completed sea trials off the coast of Poland. JDN’s newest and biggest CSD was launched in August 2017 at the shipyard Uljanik in Croatia. The handover of the Willem van Rubroeck was planned for autumn 2018, but the construction and delivery of the vessel was delayed due to the reorganization and, later, bankruptcy of the Croatian shipyard. Earlier this year, the vessel was taken to Remontowa shipyard in Gdansk, Poland, where she was finally finished. The powerful lady is 151.3 meters long and has an installed power of 40,975 kW. The vessel disposes of two retractable thrusters with a total power of 6,000 kW and three dredging pumps with a total power of 25,500 kW, of which two located in the pump room and one in the cutter ladder. CSD Willem van Rubroeck has a cutter power of 8,500kW and is able to dredge compact sand, clay and rocks up to 45 m deep. The operation, controlled from a central station, is almost completely automated. The CSD also has a high standard accommodation for 67 crew members. Now, the new CSD is ready for her first job in early 2021.
Photo by Shell
Shell in major cost-cutting drive as it gears up for energy transition Oil major Shell has launched a major cost-cutting drive to save cash and overhaul its business in preparation for the energy transition. According to a Reuters report on 21 September 2020, Shell is looking to cut up to 40 per cent off the cost of producing oil and gas as part of a drive to save cash to overhaul the business and focus more on renewable energy and power markets. These savings will come on top of $4 billion already announced in the wake of Covid-19 pandemic in March 2020. Shell said at the time it was taking decisive action to reinforce the financial strength and resilience of its business in preparation for the eventual economic recovery.
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The oil major then decided to reduce its operating costs by up to $4 billion in 2020 and to cut its capital expenditure from $25 billion to $20 billion. Reuters said that Shell’s latest cost-cutting review, which is known as Project Reshape and expected to be completed this year, would affect its three main divisions. Namely, in addition to cutting costs in its upstream division, Shell is also looking at cutting costs at its gas division and the downstream. The oil major is looking to focus its oil and gas production on a few key hubs including Gulf of Mexico, North Sea, and and Nigeria, sources told Reuters. Back in April 2020, Shell revealed its plans to become a net-zero emissions energy business by 2050 or sooner in a move consistent with oil majors like BP and Equinor. These steps will include an ambition to be net-zero on all the emissions from the manufacture of all its products (scope one and two) by 2050 at the latest. It will also include accelerating Shell’s Net Carbon Footprint ambition to be in step with society’s aim to limit the average temperature rise to 1.5 degrees Celsius in line with the goals of the Paris Agreement on Climate Change. “Society’s expectations have shifted quickly in the debate around climate change. Shell now needs to go further with our own ambitions, which is why we aim to be a net-zero emissions energy business by 2050 or sooner”, Ben van Beurden, Shell CEO, said at the time. Offshore Energy has reached out to Shell seeking confirmation of reports related to its cost-cutting drive and a push towards a more sustainable future. A Shell spokesperson said: “We are undergoing a strategic review of the organisation, which intends to ensure we are set up to thrive throughout the energy transition and be a simpler organisation, which is also cost-competitive. We are looking at a range of options and scenarios at this time, which are being carefully evaluated.”
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What is happening
The Norwegian Government said in a statement on Monday that Longship, Langskip in Norwegian, was a milestone in the Government’s industry and climate efforts. Prime Minister Erna Solberg stated that the project would lead to emission cuts and facilitate the development of new technology and thus new jobs. The Government proposes to first implement carbon capture at Norcem’s cement factory in Brevik. It also intends to fund Fortum Oslo Varme’s waste incineration facility in Oslo, providing that the project secures sufficient own funding as well as funding from the EU or other sources. “For Longship to be a successful climate project for the future, other countries also have to start using this technology. This is one of the reasons why our funding is conditional on others contributing financially as well”, Solberg added. Longship also comprises funding for the transport and storage project Northern Lights, a joint project between
EU eyes more offshore renewables The European Union is considering tapping into more of its offshore renewable energy sources farther out in the waters of the Atlantic Ocean, where it plans to study not only the technical potential of offshore wind and wave and tidal energy generation, but also the potential for building a meshed offshore grid. The European Commission issued a tender for a study on the offshore energy potential in the continental European parts of the Atlantic Ocean and the Republic of Ireland. The contract to be awarded under the tender, valued at EUR 250,000, will include exploring the potential for a coordinated approach in the area and a meshed offshore grid that would connect and power multiple countries. This encompasses the EU and its Member States along the continental coast of the Atlantic Ocean: France, Portugal, Republic of Ireland and Spain. Mapping the technical potential of offshore energy generation will take into account factors such as geographical and climatic conditions, and an assessment comparing the potential for offshore and floating wind, and ocean energy technologies such as wave and tidal.
Minister of Petroleum and Energy Tina Bru added: “Building bit by bit in collaboration with the industry has been important to us in order to be confident that the project is feasible. This approach has worked well, and we now have a decision basis. Longship involves building new infrastructure, and we are preparing the ground for connecting other carbon capture facilities to a carbon storage facility in Norway. Longship is the greatest climate project in Norwegian industry ever. We will cut emissions, not progress”.
We hear from Richard Beesley, Iain Dinwoodie explains about Innovation and Business wind asset management Development Director
For a potential meshed offshore grid in the continental European parts of the Atlantic Ocean and the Republic of Ireland, the study will consider costs and benefits for the participating countries. The study will also provide an inventory of legal, regulatory, financial and coordination challenges relating to cross-border offshore grid projects that could be further looked into at a later stage.
Developments & innovations in the UAV market to meet the needs of the wind sector
PES looks forward to some of the leading and most eagerly anticipated events of the year
We hear from Richard Beesley, Iain Dinwoodie explains about Innovation and Business wind asset management Development Director
Once again, we are excited to present you the latest product & technology innovations, as well as project developments and advances from a number of key movers and shakers in the global wind market. We have the pleasure of hearing from several of the industry’s leading names, and front runners.
PLUS, our regular helping of opinion, industry insight & analysis
POWER AND ENERGY SOLUTIONS • ISSUE 2, 2020
Developments & innovations in the UAV market to meet the needs of the wind sector
PES looks forward to some of the leading and most eagerly anticipated events of the year
Once again, we are excited to present you the latest product & technology innovations, as well as project developments and advances from a number of key movers and shakers in the global wind market. We have the pleasure of hearing from several of the industry’s leading names, and front runners.
PLUS, our regular helping of opinion, industry insight & analysis
POWER AND ENERGY SOLUTIONS • ISSUE 3, 2020
DIGITALISATION IS INTEGRAL TO THE WIND INDUSTRY
We learn about the broad portfolio of products & services
A look at optimizing the costs of wind component logistics
This could be replicated in other areas too, including the continental European parts of the Atlantic Ocean and the Republic of Ireland if it shows to be a feasible solution.
How cloud-computing is unlocking accurate wake modelling
Learn more about dual axis testing of wind turbine blades
PLUS, our regular helping of opinion, reflection, insight & analysis
POWER AND ENERGY SOLUTIONS • IS SUE 1, 2020
WIND MARKET MAINTAINS GROWTH SMARTER SAFER FASTER
The world has experienced unprecedented times during the start of 2020, yet through these hugely challenging and unpredictable times, one thing remains clear, the wind sector continues to be resilient, robust and set for continued growth ahead.
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Finally, the study will also focus on the challenges for the implementation of offshore renewables and meshed grid projects, including environmental impacts and public acceptance. The Commission pointed out that the currently installed offshore wind capacity in Europe is predominantly located in the North Sea region, followed by the Baltic Sea, where the concept of a meshed offshore power grid was developed as a way to harness the offshore wind potential more cost-effectively and to better integrate the generated renewable electricity with the onshore grids.
As ever, we bring you all the latest innovations & technological advances from across the wind sector. We bring you up to speed on the latest project & policy developments and are delighted to hear from several of the industry’s pioneers & leading names.
WIND ENERGY’S ESSENTIAL MEDIA DESTINATION
According to the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, CCS will be necessary to reduce global greenhouse gas emissions in line with the climate targets at the lowest possible cost. More such projects will help CCS become an efficient climate policy instrument with new facilities being developed in Europe and globally. Norway has committed itself to cut domestic emissions by 50-55 per cent by 2030. “For the world to achieve the goals that we have committed ourselves to in the Paris Agreement, we need large-scale carbon capture and storage.
OUT N ata OW
The Norwegian government has submitted a proposal to Norwegian Parliament to launch “the greatest climate project in Norwegian industry ever” – the carbon capture and storage (CCS) project named Longship.
NOT HOT AIR
Equinor, Shell and Total. Northern Lights will transport liquid CO2 from capture facilities to a terminal at Øygarden in Vestland County. From there, CO2 will be pumped through pipelines to a reservoir beneath the sea bottom.
Norway to launch $2.7 billion Longship carbon capture and storage project
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What is happening MOL operates one of the world’s largest merchant fleets and is dedicated to minimising the environmental impact of its business activities and reducing its carbon footprint. The rapidly growing marine renewable energy sector represents a new opportunity for MOL, and it is anticipating significant demand for vessels involved in the construction and ongoing operations across the marine energy sector, the company said.
Bombora partners up with MOL to explore marine energy options in Japan Bombora Wave Power has entered into agreement with Mitsui O.S.K. Lines (MOL) to identify marine energy project opportunities in Japan and the neighbouring regions. Following the completion of a detailed internal technology review of Bombora’s mWave wave energy converter by the global marine transport group, MOL and Bombora are now progressing to the second phase of their collaboration. The partnership will identify potential sites for both mWave energy projects and combined wind and mWave energy projects in and around Japan, according to Bombora. MOL will bring its expertise in maritime consultation, offshore marine operations, and
regional industry supply chain knowledge to the joint study. This will match Bombora’s mWave technology and project development experience to form a strong working partnership. Ryota Yamada, Bombora’s Development Manager for the Asia Pacific region, said: “We are very pleased to be conducting this strategic site identification project with MOL. The study will seek out opportunities suitable for wave, as well as hybrid wave and wind projects. “MOL has a clear ambition to expand its sustainable marine operations into the energy sector and are a significant collaboration partner for Bombora on this pathfinder wave energy initiative in Japan. We know that there is excellent wave resource to be found around this coastline. Having a partner with the expertise of MOL alongside us will help progress projects in this region“.
“With a focus on carbon emission reduction we will work together to find potential development sites for Bombora’s mWave to reduce reliance on diesel fuel for island communities. The project will also investigate the broader utility power potential off Japan’s Pacific coastline”, Yamada added. Japan aims to install between 30GW and 45GW of offshore wind by 2040 as part of the country’s aims to reach carbon neutrality by 2050. The ministry of economy, trade and industry (Meti) also set an interim target of 10GW by 2030. The Japanese Wind Power Association claims a potential of more than 500GW of floating offshore wind capacity in Japan alone, positioning it as one of the world’s most promising and dynamic new offshore energy markets. The partnership between MOL and Bombora will analyse the opportunity to capitalise on this growth potential by adding wave energy into offshore wind farms to increase energy production.
Grimaldi welcomes hybrid RoRo newbuild Italian Grimaldi Group started 2021 with the delivery of Eco Barcelona, the second of twelve hybrid Grimaldi Green 5th Generation (GG5G) class vessels. The Italian-flagged roll-on/roll-off (RoRo) was handed over to its owner by Chinese shipyard Jinling based in Nanjing.
taining the same fuel consumption at the same speed. Thanks to their advanced design, the GG5G ships are not only the largest RoRo units in the world for short sea shipping but also the most eco-friendly ones, according to Grimaldi.
The newbuild features a length of 238 meters, a beam of 34 meters, a gross tonnage of 67,311 tonnes and a service speed of 20.8 knots. It can transport 7,800 linear meters of rolling freight, equivalent to around 500 trailers — if compared with the previous class of RoRo ships deployed by the Grimaldi Group for short sea shipping, the new unit can transport twice the load while main-
The excellent environmental performance of the Eco Barcelona is the result of the adoption of numerous innovative technological solutions that optimize fuel consumption. In addition, the vessel, which is equipped with electronically controlled engines, consumes fossil fuel during navigation and electricity during the stop in port, guaranteeing “Zero Emission in Port”.
GREEN MARINE FOSSIL ENERGY
HOME OF ENERGY TRANSITION Connecting the maritime & offshore world for sustainable solutions. From phasing out fossil fuels to investing in greener innovations within the maritime and offshore industry, the energy transition is relevant for all of us. The developments in these industries are driven by the changing landscape in the energy sector and the necessity to have all industries working together for the same goal: a more sustainable future. The platform focusses on the energy transition and sustainable solutions in the maritime and offshore energy industry. With a team of editors, content developers and sales & marketing professionals Offshore Energy brings the industry daily news, in-depth stories, networking events and conferences.
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What is happening Norsepower to install 5 tilting rotor sails on a bulker newbuild Finnish auxiliary wind propulsion systems’ provider Norsepower Oy Ltd. has won its first newbuild order for the installation of a record five tilting Rotor Sails on board a large bulk carrier. The agreement heralds the first installation of Norsepower’s innovative Rotor Sails on a bulk carrier. The owner of the newbuild prefers to stay anonymous at this point in time, according to Norsepower. The company said the deal demonstrates the adaptability of the technology to reduce fuel consumption, fuel costs and reduce emissions across a variety of vessel types. Preparations are cur-
rently taking place with the installation onboard scheduled for 2021. The announcement follows shortly after an agreement between Ro-Ro operator SEA-CARGO and Norsepower for the first installation of the world’s first tiltable Rotor Sail, showcasing the adaptations that can be made for individual vessel requirements. Harnessing wind to generate thrust and reduce both fuel consumption and emissions has been demonstrated as a viable option, with achievable savings of 5 – 20%, depending on the wind conditions and vessel route. Recent case studies demonstrate savings of up to 25%, according to the cleantech company. The Finnish developer of the technology explained that this was equivalent to approximately 1,400 tonnes
sharing, public-private partnerships and mobilisation of the necessary financing to deliver solutions to vulnerable areas.
Van Oord presents Climate Risk Overview Van Oord has launched the Climate Risk Overview, a global online tool that combines multiple data layers and enables users to identify the world’s most-at-risk coastal areas. The tool is in the public domain and anyone can use it. Van Oord unveiled the new tool during the international Climate Adaptation Summit (CAS) 2021. The Climate Risk Overview is the result of a collaboration between Van Oord and the Global Centre on Adaptation. The launch has therefore preceded the ‘official handover’ to co-chair Mr. Ban Ki-moon, who will come to the Netherlands later this year. Van Oord is using the tool to drive discussion of knowledge-
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The Climate Risk Overview is an online tool (https://climaterisk.data. vanoord.com) that visualises on a map a combination of key parameters, including populations, flood exposure, low-lying land, coastal erosion and ecology. Almost all data is from open sources. The data is mapped onto 10-kilometre stretches of the world’s coastlines. Filters can be applied to the various parameters to help narrow down to a selected number of hotspots, depending on the user’s perspective. Anyone can use the tool and save, share and learn about coastal areas at risk. Pieter van Oord, CEO: “In many coastal areas, we see countries struggling to cope with the impact of climate change, be that drought, flooding, storms or rising sea levels. We at Van Oord feel an obligation to make our adaptation expertise and solutions accessible.” Patrick Verkooijen, CEO, Global Center on Adaptation: “GCA works with partners like Van Oord to acceler-
of CO2. The savings were confirmed by comparing detailed performance information to a baseline established with full scale measurements and computational analysis done for the vessel prior the Rotor Sail installation.
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ate adaptation action. Van Oord’s Climate Risk Overview will play a key role in broadening our understanding of climate risks and opportunities. The Overview is an example of the invaluable role of the private sector.” The tool combines multiple data layers and enables users to identify the world’s most-at-risk coastal areas. The overview consists of several data layers. One is the ‘flood exposure of assets’ layer, which allows the user to assess whether a certain stretch of coastline has assets that would be exposed to flooding resulting from climate change. This layer combines asset data with Sea Level Rise and Extreme Storm data generated by the IPCC, WRI, Natural Earth Data, IHS and others. Another layer focuses on coastal erosion and uses data resulting from collaboration between Delft University of Technology, Deltares and IHE Delft Institute for Water Education. Van Oord is using this data in the Climate Risk Overview to reveal local erosion or net erosion over the 1984-2016 period, shown here combined with population.
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Smulders recently completed the fabrication of 55 jacket foundations for the Moray East Offshore Wind Farm
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Next edition OUT MAY 2021
• Offshore wind developments • Sustainable maritime solutions • Main interview with expert from maritime industry
With over 50 years of experience in the construction, manufacturing, supply and assembly of steel constructions, Smulders was the logical choice for offshore wind structures back in the pioneering days of wind energy more almost 20 years ago. Today, Smulders is an established market leader that offers a full range of services from engineering and fabrication to the complete turnkey solutions (EPCI) of substations and foundations. Smulders has a track record of over 2,000 transition pieces, 100 jackets and 30 substations.
PASSIONATE ABOUT STEEL W W W. S M U L D E R S . C O M
MULTIFUNCTIONAL DEPLOYMENT CUSTOMER SPECIFIC DESIGN AND REFIT ZWERVER I
KOOIMAN MARINE GROUP | LINDTSEDIJK 84 | 3336LE ZWIJNDRECHT | THE NETHERLANDS | (T) +31 (0)78 61 00 477