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Shade Journal Vol:6,No-9

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Shade Journal Vol:6,No-9


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Nidrf;csrf;ygap urÇmajr ausmfausmf(OuúH)

Shade Journal Vol:6,No-9

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Shade Journal Vol:6,No-9


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5


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Shade Journal Vol:6,No-9


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EkdifiHjcm;bmompum;ajymZmwfum;rsm;eJY a[mvd0k'f EkdifiHjcm;wkdif;jynfawGuaexkwfvkyfwJh EkdifiHjcm;bmom pum;ajymwJhZmwfum;awGudk 1957ckESpfrSmusif;ywJh 29Budrf ajrmufatmfpumqkay;yGJuaepwifNyD; qkudkpwifay;tyfcsD; jri§ chf yhJ gw,f/ yxrqH;k csD;jri§ w hf EhJ idk if jH cm;bmompum;ajymqkay; yGrJ mS yxrOD;qH;k qk&&Scd w hJ ZhJ mwfum;uawmh ruúqu D efrif;om; BuD; tefaxmfeDuGif;yg0ifo½kyfaqmifxm;wJh tDwmvsH½kyf&Sif Zmwfum; La Strda jzpfygw,f/ owif;rSwfwrf;½kyf&Sifum;rsm; pwifay;tyfjcif; 'kw, d urÇmppfrjzpfcif 1940ckEpS rf mS atmfpumqka&G;cs,f a&;tzGJU0if *sL&DvlBuD;awG[m rSwfwrf;½kyf&SifZmwfum;awGudk tu,f'rDqkay;yGJrSm xnfhoGif;NyD;qkay;zdkYqHk;jzwfcJhygw,f/ tJ't D csdeu f tar&duefEidk if rH mS ppfeyYJ wfoufwo hJ wif;rSww f rf; ½ky&f iS u f m;awG½u kd u f ;l rI&v dS mNy;D Oa&myrSmawmh rSww f rf;½ky&f iS f ½du k u f ;l rIu ydrk w kd iG u f s,faeygNy/D *smreftPm&Si[ f pfwvm[m rSwfwrf;½kyf&Sif½Hkaygif; 500ausmf(emZDwyfxJwGif 300ausmf) wnfaqmufcJhygw,f/ (Inglorious Bustards) Zmwfum;wGif ½I pm;ekid yf gw,f/ 90jynfhESpfrwkdifcifu rSwfwrf;½kyf&Sifum;awGudk qkay;zdkY a&G;cs,f&mrSm &ouJNy;D wifjyEkid w f hJ Zmwfum;awGukd qka&G;cs,f zdkYcsD;jr§ifhcJhayr,fh 1990jynfhESpfaemufydkif;rSmawmh tar&duef tpd;k &udo k a&mfxm;wJZh mwfum;awGeYJ urÇmrSmvwfwavmjzpf ysufaewJhtaMumif;t&mawGudk o½kyfazmfxm;wJhZmwfum; awGu qka&G;cf s,fcv H m&ygw,f/ Oyrm American Dream, Bowling for Columbine, Taxi to Dark side eJY The Fog of War Zmwf um;awGqkcsD;jr§ifhcHcJh&ygw,f/

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10

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Shade Journal Vol:6,No-9


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11


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14

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www.shadejournal.com

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Shade Journal Vol:6,No-9


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Shade Journal Vol:6,No-9

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Shade Journal Vol:6,No-9


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Shade Journal Vol:6,No-9


vGrf;ae&qJa[majymyGJawG aejcnf(rauG;) ]AdkvfcsKyfatmifqef;&JU arG;aeYudkodMu&JUvm;/ odwJh vlajymprf;} pmoif c ef ; wpf c ef ; vH k ; wGwfxkd;oHrsm;rSvGJí tajz ay;oHrMum;&/ ]uJ A,fvif wkdif;a';udka&modMu&JUvm;} q&mrpum;oHrSrqHk;ao;} q&mrpum;oHrrS qH;k ao; ]odygw,fq&mr/ azazmf0g&D vq,fah v;&ufyg}[k oHNyKd if atmfvdkufMu\/ wrmajru ausmif;wpf ausmif;&JUpmoifcef;wpfckrSm wu,fjh zpfysufcw hJ myg/ q&m BuD; vlxkpdef0if;&JU ]udkvdkeD vufopf}qdkwmav;owd& rdygw,f/ wpfcsdefwkef;u pD; yGm;a&;vkyif ef;awGjzefu Y sufzYkd o,HZmwawG&,lz?Ykd ,Ofaus; rIeb YJ momw&m;awGx;dk azmuf vTr;f rd;k zdYk ppfwyfawGapvTw?f ppftoHk;p&dwfawGtukeft uscH? toufaoG;awGpaw; NyD;rS ekdifiHawGudkodrf;ydkufvdkY udkvdkeDvkyfcJhMuw,f/ tckacwfrSmawmh tJ'D vky&f yfawG tef;wdwjf zpfomG ; NyD; enf;ynmawGtoHk;csNyD; pD;yGm;a&;aps;uGuef x YJ ;dk azmuf vdkY NydKifbufEkdifiHawGu wpf aomif;eJYjzefYa0Ekdifr,fhypönf; udk wpfaxmifeaYJ &mif;Ekid af tmif Bud K ;pm;vmMuw,f / enf ; ynmeJY o,HZmwtvJtxyf vkyfNyD; &,lMuw,f/ ppfwyfawGeJY e,fcsJUudk D yk &f if xifxif&mS ;&Sm;Bu;D vdek v jzpf w mrd k Y awmf v S e f z d k Y v G , f w,f/ tckawmh awmfvSefzdkY aeaeomom awmfvSefr,f qdkwJhtodpdwf&SdMuzdkYawmif rvG,fbl;/ tJ'DtxJrSm ,Of aus;rIex YJ ;dk azmufvrT ;f rd;k rIu tawmfav;udkxda&mufwm awGU&w,f/ taemufwkdif;,Ofaus; rI? w½kw, f Ofaus;rI? ud&k ;D ,m; ,mOfaus;rIpwmawGeYJ jrefrm ,Ofaus;rIawG vHk;yg;yg;apcJh wm rsufjrifudk,fawGUyJ/ udk vdek t D vkycf &H olawGu, kd w f idk f u vkdvdkvm;vm;eJYESpfNcdKuf vufcaH eMuwmrdYk udv k ekd v D yk f olawG b,fvt kd jypfjrif&rSe;f awmifrodawmhb;l jzpfaeNy/D tckyMJ unfh ]A,fvifwidk ;f a';}udak wmh *kP, f pl mG eJo Y ad e MuNyD/ EkdifiH&JUzcifBuD;AkdvfcsKyf atmifqef;&JUarG;aeYurkd odMu bl;qdkwmrvGefbl;vm;/ ]az azmf0g&D 13rSm Adv k cf sKyfarG;aeY Shade Journal Vol:6,No-9

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Shade Journal Vol:6,No-9


Shade Journal Vol:6,No-9

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þaqmif;yg;acgif;pOfukd 2006ckESpf? urÇmhq&mrsm;aeY aqmifyk'fjzpfaom "Quality

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eJYae&if; wjznf;jznf;xHkoGm; wJholawGyg/ q&mhvpm[m h m0efurkd xde;f Ekid f tdraf xmifw Teacher for Quality Education" bl;/ pD;yGm;a&;tjrifeJY Munfh rS,lxm;jcif;jzpfygonf/ t &if tpGrf;tpr&SdwJh ]irGJawG? &nftaoG; aumif;rGefonfh iwHk;awG} ponfjzifh pum; ynma&;tqif h t wef ; od k Y wif;qdkwwfMuonf/ xkad cwfu q&m0ef? tif a&muf&Sdatmif trSefwu,f aqmifMuOf;ydaYk qmifEidk o f rl sm; *sifeD,m? ppfAdkvftvkyfawG rSm t&nftaoG;&So d nfh q&m acgif;axmifMuonf/ wu,f rsm;yifjzpfonf/ awmh xdq k &m0ef? ppfAv kd ?f tif avmurSm toufarG; *sife, D mjzpfatmifvyk af y;Ekid f 0rf;aMumif;jyKp&mtvkyfawG wm ausmif;q&mjzpfonfqdk rsm;pGm&Sdonfhteuf ]vlawG wmudk pum;wif; qdkMuol &JUtodÓPfzUHG NzKd ;wd;k wufa&; awGarhae[ef&o dS nf/ ESihf pdw"f mwfcikd rf mjrifrh m;a&; wu,fawmh ynma&; udk jr§ifhwifay;wJhq&mtvkyf ESifhacwfrDzGHUNzdK;wdk;wufaom udk tqifhjrifhqHk;tvkyf vdkY EkdifiHawmfBuD;udkwnfaqmuf q&maumif;oefu Y qdyk gw,f/ zdq Yk v kd Qiyf nmxl;cRefxufjruf jrefrmhvlYabmiftzGJUt NyD; t&nftaoG;aumif;rGef pnf;rSm q&mqdkwm apwem? onfh q&mrsm;pGm vdyk gonf/ 0goem? tepfem[l aomt ausmufwpfyGifh&JU t&nft Y owf&EdS idk f aMumif;w&m;oH;k yg;eJY tajccH aoG;onf tueft zGUJ pnf;xm;wmyg/ opfyifwpf aomfvnf; q&mwpfa,muf yif&JUtjrpfeJYwlonfh 0goem \ t&nftaoG;uawmh t udt k ajcrcHbEJ iS hf q&mjzpfvm uefYtowfr&Sd? avmuDavm cJ&h if q&mtvkyu f akd &&Snv f yk f ukw&å m? oHo&mqH;k wkid u f s,f Ekid rf nfrxifygbl;/ apwemeJY jyefY euf½dIif;vSayonf/ 'g tepfemu uRJul;a&ygqdko aMumifh ]ausmif;q&mvkyfzdkY vdk q&mtvkyu f v kd yk &f if vkyf owåd&Sdovm;}vdkY q&mhq&m ief;\oabmobm0ESit hf ajc Bu;D awGuar;onfah r;cGe;f udk taeESifh tcsdeftcgt&ay; i,fpOfu oabmraygufcyhJ g/ qyfpeG v Yf w T &f wJo h abmyg/ q&mqdkwm omrnyg&rDeJY r uReaf wmfw&Ykd UJ (1970)0ef; jzpfEkdifbl;/ apwem? 0goem? f kd usifu q&mawGudkMunfh&if tepfemtjyif q&mhtvkyu vcoHk;&musyfeJY usL&Sifacwf txif tjrif ao;olawG&JU r&S?d atmufqu dk rf &S?d tawmf avmu"Hem ponfhemaygif; twef acsmif v nf w J h o l r S rsm;pGmudk ausaus eyfeyfeJY &mav;?[ef;bm;pufb;D pD;Ekid f vufcHusifhoHk;EkdifolawGom f yk Ef idk w f ,fqw kd m ygw,f/ ausmif;,leaD zmif; udk q&mhtvkyv ESpfoufjrwfEkd;pGm0wfqif NyD; rdrd q&mvkyfouftawmft wynfah wGuakd usmom;&ifom; wef&vmrSoabmaygucf o h J nf/ ynma&;avmuxJ u d k rcGjJ cm;bJvaY l bmifavmutvS ukjd c,focJo h al wGyg/]a[hrif; taMumif;trsKd ;rsKd ;eJaY &mufvm wdkYigoifwmeJY ywfoufvdkY q&mtrnfcNH y;D vkyif ef;cGirf mS r&Si;f vif;wm&S&d ifnaeausmif; a&pkefarsmvdkufaevQifawmh qif;csdefus ausmif;pmMunfh onfaeYonftcgrSm tJonf wdkufrSmighudkvmar;Ekdifw,f} q&m\*kPfodu©[m wefzdk;rJh vdYk &ifxu J apwemtvSeYJ OD; aeygvdrfhrnf/ tqkd;qHk;u armh&ifaumhoifay;cJo h al wGyg/ ud k , f v k y f a eonf h t vk y f u d k onfhaemufykdif;rSmawmh wefz;kd xm;&rSe;f rodjcif;yifjzpf q&mavmu? q&mt&nft onf/ odvQiv f nf; vufawGU aoG;awG wjznf;jznf;usvm usifo h ;kH zdv Yk ykd gonf/ rdrt d vkyf w,fqkd&if rSm;tHhrxifyg/ 'g udk av;pm;wefzdk;xm;NyD;vkyf uvnf; taMumif;w&m;rsm; vQif tvk y f c sif ; wl a wmif k u f xdyq f ;kH a&mufaerSmyg/ pGm&Syd gvdrrhf nf/ ud, ]q&mqdw k m uav;awG 'gayr,fh rsufarSmufum eef;wGi;f rSm ravQmu f pd aö wGukd bk&ifoad tmif pifawmfuazmf& wmyg/ Oyrm yef;awmif;Muyfaeygw,fqw kd mrsdK;/ 'gayr,fh tjyKoabmaqmifwJh abmifuausmf&ifawmh tzsufoabma&mufygw,f/'gudb k bifq&mawGowdr&l rSjzpf ygw,f/aMomf a&SUrSm ZmwfobifjzefcY sda&; tefw*D u G ef yYJ wfouf a&;cJhovdk tefwD*Gufom&Sdr,fqdk&if ½HkZmwfb0rS AvmZmwf ucsifw,fvYkd olu Y akd jymaewJh zk;d cspfEidk w f v Ykd nf;? Ny;D awmh tefwD *Gufudk,fwkdifu aoG;opömudk Avmqdk&ifolYvlawGeJYaxmifzdkY pOf;pm;cJah o;wm aoG;opömuAvmrucsifb;l vdYk tefw*D u G u f udk,fhudkajymzl;w,f/

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Shade Journal Vol:6,No-9


Shade 6-9