Issuu on Google+

Shade Journal Vol:6,No-6

www.shadejournal.com


jynfolUoabmxm; 'kdYwm0efta&;okH;yg; à jynfaxmifpkrNydKuGJa&; à wkdif;&if;om;pnf;vkH; nDñTwfrIrNydKuGJa&; à tcsKyftjcmtmPm wnfwHhckdifNrJa&;

'kdYta&; 'kdYta&; 'kdYta&;

à jynfytm;ukd;ykqdef½kd; tqkd;jrif0g'Drsm;tm;qefYusifMu/ à EkdifiHawmfwnfNidrfat;csrf;a&;ESifh EkdifiHawmfwkd;wufa&;ukd aESmifh,Suf zsufqD;olrsm;tm; qefYusifMu/ à EkdifiHawmf\jynfwGif;a&;ukd0ifa&muf pGuzf ufaESmif, h u S af omjynfyEkid if rH sm;tm; qefYusifMu/ à jynfwGif;jynfytzsuform;rsm;tm; bkH&efoltjzpf owfrSwfacsrIef;Mu/

EkdifiHa&;OD;wnfcsuf(4)&yf à EkdifiHawmfwnfNidrfa&;?&yf&Gmat;csrf; om,ma&;ESifh w&m;Oya'pkd;rkd;a&;/ à trsdK;om;pnf;vkH;nDñGwfrIckdifrma&;/ à pnf;urf;jynfh0aom'Drkdua&pDpepf &Sifoefckdifrmatmifwnfaqmufa&;/ à zGJUpnf;ykHtajccHOya'opfESifhtnD acwfrDzGHYNzdK;wkd;wufaomEkdifiHawmfopf wnfaqmufa&;/

pD;yGm;a&;OD;wnfcsuf(4)&yf à pkdufysdK;a&;ukdykdrkdzGHUNzdK;wkd;wufatmifaqmif &GufNyD;acwfrDpufrIEkdifiHxlaxmifa&;ESifh tjcm;pD;yGm;a&;u@rsm;ukdvnf;bufpkH zGHYNzdK;wkd;wufatmifwnfaqmufa&;/ à aps;uGufpD;yGm;a&;pepfyDjyifpGmjzpfay:vma&;/ à jynfwGif;jynfyrS twwfynmESifh t&if;tESD;rsm;zdwfac:ípD;yGm;a&;zGHUNzdK; wkd;wufatmif wnfaqmufa&;/ à EkdifiHawmfpD;yGm;a&;wpf&yfvkH;ukdzefwD;EkdifrI pGrf;tm;onf EkdifiHawmfESifhwkdif;&if;om; jynfolwkdY\ vuf0,fwGif&Sda&;/

vlrIa&;OD;wnfcsuf(4)&yf à wpfrsdK;om;vkH;\pdwf"mwfESifhtusifhpm&dwå jrifhrm;a&;/ à trsdK;*kPf? Zmwd*kPfjrifhrm;a&;ESifh ,Ofaus;rItarGtESpfrsm;?trsdK;om;a&; vu©Pmrsm; raysmufysufatmif xdef;odrf;apmifha&Smufa&;/ à ppfrSefonfhrsdK;cspfpdwf"mwfjzpfonfh jynfaxmifpkpdwf"mwf&Sifoefxufjrufa&;/ à wpfrsdK;om;vkH; usef;rmMuHhckdifa&;ESifh ynm&nfjrifhrm;a&;/

ywf0ef;usifaumif;

t,f'Dwmhpum;

uav;i,ftrsm;pkuadk r;ygu pmoifcef;xJwiG pf moif,jl cif;xuf upm;csdeu f ydk rdk í dk ESpo f ufMuayvdrrhf nf/h vkyo f ifv h yk x f u dk o f nfuv dk yk &f jcif;xuf vkycf sifwm ukv d yk &f jcif;u rdrt d wGuf pdwaf yghyg;íaysmf&iT af ponfrmS trSeyf if/ okaYd omfvnf; b0wGif t"dymÜ ,f&adS omaeY&ufrsm;zefw;D &eftwGuf vkycf sifwmxuf vkyo f ifo h nf rsm;uko d ma&G;cs,fMu&pNr/J aysmf&mrSmrae&? awmf&mrSmae&qko d uJo h Ydk &So d if&h x dS u dk af om pnf;abmiftwGi;f rSmjzwfoef;Mu&acsrnf/ ae&mwkid ;f wGif vGwv f yfr[ I k qkad omfjim; pnf;vGwaf bmifvw G f rjzpfap&ef usif0h wfwjYdk zifah pmifx h ed ;f Mu&acsrnf/ rdrw d EYdk idk if o H nfvnf; ppfreS af om 'Dru dk a&pDvrf;aMumif;ay:okOYd ;D wnfvsuf&dS ayonf/ 'Dru dk a&pDqo dk nfEiS hf xifwidk ;f BuEJ idk Nf y[ D o k x d m;vQiv f aJG eygOD;rnf/ 'Dru dk a&pDonf vlwpfO;D wpfa,mufcsif;tay: tcsif;csif;½kad oav;pm;rI&&dS rnfrmS t"dujzpfavonf/ xkdokdYaom todw&m;&SdzkdYtwGuf rdrdteD;em;wGifywf0ef;usifaumif;&SdzkdYu yxrqkH;aom vkdtyfcsufwpfckyif/ yxrOD;qkH; ywf0ef;usifrSm uk, d \ hf rdbyifjzpfonf/ xkaYd emuf uk, d ahf rmifErS om;csif;wkrYd S aqGrsdK;rdwo f *F[wkyYd ifjzpfonf/ vlwpfO;D wpfa,mufarG;zGm;vmonfrmS tjcm;owå0grsm;xufx;l jcm;onfrmS arG;zGm;vmpOfu tb,foaYdk om wwfuRrf;rIrsm;ygrvmacs/ okaYd omfjim; vlom;wko Yd nf ywf0ef;usifrt S wwfynm&yfrsm;pGmukd avhvmoif,El idk pf rG ;f &Sd onf/ xkaYd Mumifh ywf0ef;usifaumif;&Szd v Ydk o dk nf[q k v dk jdk cif;yif/ rdrt d eD;em;wGif ywf0ef;usifaumif;r&SEd idk f rjzpfEidk o f nfxm;apOD;awmh wefz;dk &Sad ompmtkypf mayrsm; zwfjcif;jzifh ywf0ef;usifaumif;&&SEd idk af yvdrrhf nf/ rdrw d Ydk i,fpOfuvnf; rdbrsm;u olUt&G,Ef iS o hf l pmtkyrf sm;zwfusifjh zpfap&ef zefw;D ay;xm;wwfonf/ taru aps;jyefvQif awZ? 'kdYausmif;om;? rkd;aomufyef;? &TifNyHK;? a&TaoG; pmapmifawGu tp &wemrGefwkdYvkd bmoma&;pmapmifawGyg zwf&onf/ aemifwGiftazqDu Ekid if aH &;tod<u,f apaompmtkyrf sm;? uAsmrsm;? &o0wåKpmtkyrf sm;ukyd g ,lzwfvmwwfonf/ xko d aYdk omywf0ef;usifrsm;rS taMumif;ESit hf usdK;? taumif;ESit hf qk;d ukcd jJG cm;wwfvmcJo h nf/ xkx d adk om ywf0ef;usifaumif;rsm;&Sad eMurnfqydk gu trSm;enf;aom vlom;wpfa,muftjzpf &Sio f ef&if;avmu\aumif;usdK;ukd o,fy;dk t,f'DwmcsKyf EkdifzkdYqkdwm ra0;aomc&D;[k qkdvkduf&ygayonf/

½dkufNyD;om;um;yHkpHudk b,fawmUrS&owlatmif jyefr½dkufygbl;? r&Sdao;wJU &owpfcktay:rSmyJ Zmwfvrf;udkyJ½dkufjzpfygw,fvkdh qkdvmwJU

DVD

qkawmif; ya&oH[dwrdapä,sH? [d w H a r£pä w H y a&m/ emnó'ku©rdapä,sH? rmar'k u © H £ pä w H y a&m/ t[H? igonf/ ya&oH? olwpfyg;wkdh\/ [dwH? tusdK; pD;yGm;ukd/ £apä,sH? vkdvm; ESpo f ufaqmif&u G Ef idk &f ygv\ dk / ya&mp?olwpfyg;uvnf;/ ar? ig\/ [dwH? tusdK;pD;yGm;ukd/ £päw-H £päw?k vkv d m;ESpo f uf aqmif&GufEkdif&ygapownf;/ t[H?igonf/emnóolwpfyg; \/'ku©H?ukd,fpdwfESpfyg;qif;&J jcif;ukd/ e£apä,sH? b,fvdk enf;ESirhf rS aqmif&u G Ef idk &f ygv/dk ya&mp? olwpfyg;uvnf;/ ar? ig\/'ku?H© u, dk pf w d Ef pS yf g; qif;&J jcif;ukd/rm£päwH?b,fvkdenf; ESifUrS raqmif&GufEkdif&ygap ownf;/

Zmwfum;BuD;½dkuful;awmUr,fU

rif;&Jpnfol

tu,f'rDaewkd; jrefrmh½kyf&Sifavmu0,f xdyfqHk;ae&mwGif&Sdaeaom rif; om;acsmav;u tu,f'rDaewk;d yifjzpfonf/ tu,f'rDaewk;d udk qHHkwkef;qHkckduf pum;ajymMunfhwJhtcgtu,f'rDaewkd;qdkwJh emrnfwpfvHk;jzpfvmatmif b,f v d k B ud K ;pm;cJ h & ygvJ / tEkynmudk yHkrSefBudK;pm;w,f/ t"duuawmh tvkyfvkyf wmuawmh yHrk eS yf gyJ/ pdw"f mwfyidk ;f uawmh jyif;xef&wmayghav/ ud, k v f yk cf sifwt hJ Ekynmwpfct k ay:rSm tjynft h 0&mcdik Ef eI ;f ESpf Ny;D awmh BuKd ;pm;vmcJw h ,f/ BuKd ;pm;rIawGuawmh trsm;Bu;D yJAs/ ajymvd&Yk &dS if Ny;D rSmr[kwb f ;l / cufcrJ aI wG? ay;qyfraI wGawmhrsm; cJw h ,f/ tqifrajyrIawG tenf;eJt Y rsm;&Scd w hJ ,f/ atmifjrifrI uawmh b,forl S vG,v f , G u f u l el rYJ &bl;As/ tcuftcJawGukd ausmfvmT ;Ny;d rS atmifjrifru I &vmwmyg/ 'g½dkufwmOuúmAdk ½dkuful;wJh ]owd 528}Zmwfum;rsdK; av; tckaemufykdif;rSmrawGU&wmMumNyDaemf/ t"duawmh tcsed t f cgtaetxm;wpfct k ay:rSm uReaf wmf wdkYu½dkufNyD;om;Zmwfvrf;wpfcktay:rSm b,fawmhrS&owl atmif jyef½u kd w f yhJ pkH aH wmhr&Sb d ;l / r½du k af o;wJ&h owpfct k ay: rSmyJ uRefawmfwu Ykd ay;qyfMuwmqdak wmh ½du k Nf y;D om;yHpk ½H u kd zf Ykd awmh tpDtpOfr&Sb d ;l / topfopfawGuykd jJ yefNy;D awmhpOf;pmr,f/ udkaewdk; tEkynm&nf&G,fcsufjynfh0NyDvm;/ tekynmuawmh b,fawmhrSjynfh0w,fqdkwmr&Sdygbl;/ &nf&G,fcsufqdkwmuvnf; wpfckNyD;wpfcktNrJwrf;uRefawmf wd&Yk adS eMupNraJ yghaemf/ wif;wdraf &mif&h w J t hJ Ekynm? Ny;D jynfph w kH hH tEkynmqdkwmr&Sdygbl/ udk,farQmfvifhxm;wJhae&ma&mufzdkYqdk wmta0;BuD;vdkygao;w,f/ xGe;f xGe;f 0if;(ykygÜ ;)

twkdifyifcH - rauG;0if;jrifh? atmifjrifhjrifh(ppfukdif;)?apmatmif(wDuspf) owif;tzGUJ t,f'w D mcsKyf Mandalay Advertising jrpnf?AokefAefquf?rkdif;yGef? omaZmf Media Group rS pDpOfonf rs u0f ef;ndK?aumif;okw(rif;bl;)? t,f'w D mtzGUJ rauG;owif;wm0efcH oefYpifndK?atmifrSL;a0 Vol;(6),No(6),2012 aejcnf(rauG;) &efaemifpdk;?EGJYeDvm? Feb- 1 to Feb-7 jynfwiG ;f tEkynm xGe;f xGe;f 0if;(ykygÜ ;) www.shadejournal.com wGif SHADE *sme,fuzdk wf½EI idk yf gonf

2

]uRefawmf tck'g½du k w f maeykid ef ZYJ mwfum;½du k af eygw,f/ Ny;D awmhuRefawmfwt Ykd zGUJ vku d o f q D x kd m;wJh tacG VCD ½du k zf Ykd &Sd ygw,f/e,fawGrmS vnf;oDcsif;oGm;qdjk zpfygw,f/tckum;½du k f awGuqufaevdo Yk cD sif;vdu k rf qkjd zpfb;l /o½kyaf qmifbufuykd J BudK;pm;csifao;w,f/]vdkufrdkufaewJh}Zmwfum;av;uwpfcg rSo½kyrf aqmifz;l wJt h cef;udk o½kyaf qmifawmh enf;enf;av; awmhpdk;&drfrdw,f/ 'Dum½dkufwmav;u wpfcgrSvnf;rvkyfzl; awmhvyk Mf unfw h o hJ abmav;yg/Zmwfvrf;awGuawmhtpH½k u kd f csifygw,f/'&mrmum;udak wmh ydNk y;D awmh½u kd cf sifw,f/ tcspfa&;uawmh bmrSr&Sdao;ygbl;/ tekynmyJ&Sdw,f/ wjcm;bmrSr&Syd gbl;/ (2)vydik ;f rSm tif;av;bufrmS DVD um; BuD;½dkufzdkY&Sdygw,f}vdkYqdkygw,f/ xGe;f xGe;f 0if;(ykygÜ ;)

zvif?yHEk ydS f

rEÅav;½H;k csKyf (A-17S)

Star ? Aungsatkyar usdKif;wkHowif; 77vrf;?31_32vrf;? rEÅav;/ xkwaf 0ol EkdifEkdifatmifa0?jrwfausmf? zk e f ; -09-2011968 OD ; oef ; xG e f ; (,m,D 1254) E-mail: mailshade2011@gmail.com e'D{&m rauG ; jzef c Y s a d &; rauG;½k;H cGJ uav;Nrd K Uowif ; OD ; j r if h a Zmf O D ; trSwf(c)173?16vrf;? csif;wGif;ukdukd zk e f ; -09-47200439 &Gmopf?yGJBudK&yf?rauG;NrdKU/ 'DZikd ;f ?pmpD trS w ( f 91)?&ef a us m ( f 10)vrf ; ? zk e f ; -063-27833 UNIQUE?ukd[def;

www.shadejournal.com

Shade Journal Vol:6,No-6


b0ESit hf vS yef;\tvS w'*Fwnf; b0[lonf &,lr&Sd xkdtodjzifh trdqifjcifprf;ygavmh / ausmfausmf(Ouú)H

tu,f'rDapmapmpD;pD;&xm;awmhvnf;

pdwfat;&ygw,fqdkwJU ajywDOD;

jrefrm½ky&f iS af vmu0,f xdyq f ;kH ae&mwGi&f adS eaom ,aeY emrnfausmfpyl gpwm;jzpfwhJ ajywDO;D udk tEkynmeJyY wfoufwhJ taMumif;rsm;ESifh tu,f'rD&ifckefoHrsm;udk Shade *sme,fay: uwqifh azmfjyvdkufygw,f/ tEkynmeJYywfoufwJh cH,lcsufb,fvdkcH,lxm;vJ/ uRefawmf tEkynmudk tNrw J rf;aumif;atmifBuKd ;pm;oGm; rSmyg/ t&nftcsif;jynf0h wJo h ½kyaf qmifwpfa,mufjzpf&r,fvYkd cH,lxm;ygw,f/ ]'D a umif r av;twG u f } Zmwf u m;av;u y&d o wf awG t &rf ; Bud K uf w J h Z mwf u m;av;aemf / t&rf ; vnf ; aumif ; wJ h Z mwf u m;aemf /

Shade Journal Vol:6,No-6

tu,f'rD&oGm;vdkh pdwfajymif;oGm;r,fvdkh bmvkyfr,fqdkwmr&Sdygbl;/

tu,f'rD&oGm;vnf;t&iftwkdif;ygyJqkdwJU oufrGefjrifU ,aeYjrefrm½kyf&Sifavmu0,f xdyfqHk;ae&mwGif&Sdaeaom olr&JU atmifjrifrIt&Sdeft[kefuBuD;rm;vSygw,f/ ae&mwkdif; 0,f olr&JUtEkynmtay: csD;usL;oHuMkd um;ae&wmyg/ olr&JU o½kyaf qmifraI wGuvnf;r½d;k Ekid af tmif? tEkynm&otpHu k kd zefwD;Ekdifolwpfa,mufvnf;jzpfygw,f/,ckESpftu,f'rD rSmvnf; wpfajy;aewJh o½kyfaqmif oufrGefjrifhudk tEkynmeJY ywfoufwJhtaMumif;rsm;eJYtu,f'rD&ifckefoHrsm;udk Shade *sme,fay:uwqifah zmfjyvdu k &f ygw,f/ ouf r G e f & J U tEk y nmeJ Y y wf o uf w J h c H , l c suf a v;tEkynmtvkyfut&rf;cufcJeufeJygw,f/ tJ'DtwGuf udk,fuvnf;wefzkd;xm;rSBudK;pm;&rSm/y&dowfawG uud, k u hf t kd m;ay;xm;wmqdak wmh 'D[mav;tay: jyefNy;D awmhwefz;dk xm;&r,f/tEkynmudak wmh t&nf tcsif;jynf0h wJh tEk ynm&Siw f pfa,mufjzpf&r,fvYkd cH,lxm;ygw,f/ tEkynmeJyY wfoufwphJ w d u f ;l av;odyg&ap/ tJ'v D kd pdwu f ;l aewmawmhr&Syd gbl;/ ud, k u f tEk ynmtvkyv f yk af ewJt h wGut f EkynmeJyY wfoufwhJ pOf;pm;rIav;awG&w dS maygh/ "mwfy½kH u kd v f &Ykd &dS ifvnf; b,fvdkyHkpHav;awG½dkufr,f/pdwful;xm;wmrsdK;yg/ tEkynmtjyifwjcm;bmpdwu f ;l rSr&Syd g bl;/ 'DEpS u f oufreG &f UJ ESpv f u Ykd sde;f aoajymaeMuw,f/ tu,f 'rDom&cJrh ,fq&k d ifoufreG &f UJ yDwd pum;oH a v;tu,f'rDay;&if&rSmayghaemf (&,f v suf ) / t&rf ; BuD ; awmh vnf; rarQmv f if&h yJ gbl;/ tu,f 'rD q d k w m ewf B uD ; w,f a v/ tu,f'rD&cJrh ,fq&k d ifawmh0rf;om rdrmS awmhtrSeyf gyJ/ tu,f'rD&oGm;&if bmawGvkyfr,fvdkY pdwful;xm; wmawG&Sdvm;/ 'guawmh b,fvakd jymrvJ/ qkwpfc&k vdu k w f ,fayghaemf/ qk&vdu k v f aYkd jymif;oGm;r,fvYkd bmvkyrf ,fqw kd muawmhr&Syd g bl;/ tp uwnf;u pdwu f 'kd x D rJ mS tjynfEh pS x f m;Ny;D om;av/ xGe;f xGe;f 0if;(ykygÜ ;) y&dowfawG tJ'v D t kd m;ay;wJt h wGuf t&rf;vnf;0rf;om rdygw,f/ yDwv d nf;jzpfryd gw,f/ tEkynmudk tNrw J rf;aumif; atmifBuKd ;pm;oGm;rSmyg/ tarhaus;Zl;qyfzl;csifw,fZmwfum;rSm udkajyBuD; &JUtEkynmoufwrf;wpfavQmufrSm 'Dum;av;uxl;jcm; w,fvdkYajymvdkY&w,faemf/ 'Dum;u uRefawmftrsm;BuD;BudK;pm;xm;ygw,f/ b,f awmhrNS y;D Ny;D a&mawmh b,fawmhrrS vkyb f ;l / tEkynmudak umif; atmifyJ tNrJwrf;zefwD;aeygw,f/ 'Dum;av;u p½dkufESpfrsdK; qdkawmh aoaocsmcsmav; *½kwpkdufvkyfygw,f/ 'DESpfu udkajywDOD;&JUESpfvdkY y&dowfuusdef;aoajym aeMuw,faemf/ tu,f'rD&r,fqdk&if....

www.shadejournal.com

uRefawmfwdkY tEkynmorm;awGwkdif;&JU oufwrf;wpf avQmufrmS bmyJjzpfjzpf r&Srd jzpfvt kd yfwrhJ w S w f idk w f pfcak yghAsm/ tJ'DrSwfwkdifav;wpfckudk apmapmpD;pD;av;BudKNyD;&xm;awmh vnf; pdwaf t;&wmaygh/ tu,f'rDtwGuf BuKd wifNy;D jyifqif xm;wmawmhr&Sdygbl;/ uRefawmfu uRefawmfwdkY½dkufcJhwJhum; tm;vHk;udk uRefawmftpGrf;ukefBudK;pm;cJhw,fqdkwJh vdyfjymoefY zdw Yk pfcw k nf; uRefawmf&h ifxrJ mS odr;f xm;ygw,f/ usefwt hJ ydik ;f awGuawmh uHw&m;ygyJ/ uRefawmf bmrSarQmv f ifrh xm;ygbl;/ tu,f'rDudkoGm;jzpfcJhr,fqdk&ifvnf; &wJholawGudk vufckyf wD;tm;ay;zdYk uRefawmfomG ;rSmyg/ tu,f'rD0wfpu kH awmh pyGef qmawmh&ydS gw,f/ tckcsdex f ad wmh ra&G;&ao;ygbl;/ xG e f ; xG e f ; 0if ; (yk y Ü g ;)

3


tEkynmMu,fyGifUrsm;&JY tu,f'rDpum;oHrsm; xGe;f xGe;f 0if;(ykygÜ ;)pkpnf;wifqufonf

aewkd; tu,f'rDqdkwm uRefawmfwdkY&JU BudK;pm;rI&v'fygyJ/ BudK; pm;rItwGuf wkefYjyefwJh wHqdyfaygh/ abmvHk;qdk&ifvnf; zvm; &&ifaysmfMuw,f/ pmar;yGq J &kd ifvnf; awmf&ifqw k q H yd q f w kd m &Sdwmaygh/ vlwpfa,muf&JUBudK;pm;&usdK;eyfatmif BudK;pm;rIudk todtrSwfjyKcH&wmaygh/ uRefawmfwdkYvnf; tvkyftay:rSm vnf; ydNk y;D awmhtm;&Sad pwmaygh/ tu,f'rD&jcif;uawmh o½kyf aqmifwpfa,mutwGuf bmrSrxl;jcm;ygbl;/ o½kyfaqmif uawmh o½kyfaqmifwmyJ/ tu,f'rDuawmh tu,f'rDygyJ/ tu,f'rDeJYywfouf&if y&dowfpdwf0ifpm;wmuawmh 'DESpf b,fol&rvJayghaemf/ tu,f'rDrSmvnf; ESpfwpfESpftwGif; wGuv f Ykd &wJt h aetxm;uawmh&w dS myJ/ ½ky&f iS u f m;awGrsm;w,f qdkayr,fh '&mrmum;u enf;enf;av;yJ&Sdwmav/ 'DESpfxJrSm awmh y&dowfawGarQmv f ifo h vdyk jJ zpfrmS yg/ 'DEpS f tu,f'rD0wf pHkudk rif;xufpHcsKyfay;r,f/ uRefawmftwGuf 0ga&Tpifydk;xnf wkdufu Sponsor ay;rSmyg/

0dkif;pkckdifodef; tu,f'rDqdkwmuawmh tEkynmorm;awG&JUrSwfwkdif ayghaemf/ tEkynmorm;awGuvdck sifwhJ tm;vH;k utodtrSwf jyKNyD;ay;wJh qkwpfckvdkYxifw,f/ tu,f'rD&jcif;? r&jcif;qdk wmu uHawG? pef;awGtrsm;BuD;ygw,f/ tu,f'rDqdkwmu ewfvnf;BuD;ygw,f/ tu,f'rDqdkwm t"du uHeJYvnf;qkdif ygw,f/ ud, k u f , kd w f idk u f kd wwfr?S awmfrt S u,f'rDqw kd m&wm/ 'DESpftu,f'rDudk 0dkif;pkMum;wmuawmh udkajyBuD;? roufrGef? udkpkdif;pdkif;? rvif;wdkYMum;w,f/ tu,f'rDyGJudkwufjzpfrSmyg/ tu,f'rDyGJ0wfpHktwGuf ra&G;cs,f&ao;ygbl;/

0wfrIHa&T&nf tu,f'rDqw kd mu t&nftcsif; tppftrSe&f w dS o hJ al wGukd yJa&G;cs,Nf y;D ay;wmayghaemf/ upfupfwt Ykd Ekynm&Siw f [ Ykd m tu,f 'rDarQmrf eS ;f wJo h al wGcsnf;yJ/ 'DEpS f tu,f'rDay;yGu J w kd ufjzpfrmS yg/ tm;ay;½Hkoufoufyg/ upfupfMum;wmuawmh trsm;BuD; yJ/ udkajywDOD;? udkpdkif;pdkfif;? udka0VKvnf;Mum;w,f/ oufrGef? rvif;wdkYMum;w,f/

rkd;,kpH

arjrifhrdk&f

'DEpS f tu,f'rDyBJG u;D uawmh 'DEpS u f rk;d ,kwpfum;rSrygyg bl;/ tm;ay;½HkoufoufygyJ/ rkd;,k 0ga&Tpifydk;xnfu pyGefqm ay;xm;ygw,f/ tu,f'rDoaH wGuawmh Mum;&wmtrsm;Bu;D ygyJ/ tekynm&Siw f idk ;f ud, k pf &D apcsifygw,f/ tu,f'rDqw kd m tEkynmorm;awG&UJ rSww f idk w f pfcak yghAsm/ bmeJrY w S efz;dk jzwfvYkd r&wJh qkwpfckyg/ tEkynm&Sifwkdif; vdkcsifMuwJhqkBuD;wpfckyg/

4

tu,f'rDqdkwmu uHeJYyJqkdifr,fvdkYxifygw,f/ bmvdkY vJqakd wmh tu,f'rDqw kd mu ewfBu;D w,fav/ wu,fawmf rSwufrS&rSmav/ 'DESpfawmh udkajywDOD;? roufrGefjrifhvdkYMum; w,f/ tEkynmorm;wdik ;f ud, k pf &D apcsifygw,f/ 'DEpS f tu,f 'rDyu JG w kd ufjzpfr,fxifw,f/ t0wftpm;'DZidk ;f udk pyGeq f may; r,fholvnf;&Sdygw,f/

www.shadejournal.com

Shade Journal Vol:6,No-6


tEkynmMu,fyGifUrsm;&JY tu,f'rDpum;oHrsm;

rif ; xuf &Jwdkuf tu,f'rDyGJudkwufjzpfrSmyg/ tu,f'rD&wJholawGudk vufckyfwD;tm;ay;zdkYoufoufygyJ/ tu,f'rDoHawGMum;& wmuawmh trsm;BuD;ygyJ/ vlwkdif; udk,fpD&apcsifygw,f/

tu,f'rDqw kd muawmh tEkynmorm;wkid ;f rSww f idk w f pf ckayghAsm/ tEkynmorm;wkid ;f uawmh vlwidk ;f vdck sifMuwmygyJ/ wu,fudk tEkynmt&nftcsif;jynfh0wJholudkrS &wmav/ uRefawmfuawmh 'DEpS Mf um;wmuawmh udak jyBu;D ? udv k rl if;? udk a0VK? xGef;xGef;? roufrGef? rvif;wdkYMum;w,f/ uRefawmfu awmh tm;ay;½HkoufoufygyJ/ tEkynmorm;wkdif;udk,fpD&ap csifygw,f/ tu,f'rDyGJ0wfpHktwGuf Aroma u Sponsor ay; xm;ygw,f/

rif;&Jpnfol uRefawmfuawmh 'Dyu JG w kd ufjzpfr,frxifb;l / aocsmawmh rodao;bl;/ t0wftpm;'DZidk ;f uawmh wufjzpf&ifawmhjrefrm qefqefwkdufyHktusÐav;eJYwufjzpfrSmyg/ tu,f'rDoHawGu awmh Mum;wmtrsm;BuD;ygyJ/ udkajywDOD;? roufrGef? udka0VK? rvif;wdkYMum;w,f/

jrwfrkdYrdkYodrfh

aumif;cefY tu,f'rDyw JG uf0wfpu kH awmh 0ga&Tpify;kd xnfu pyGeq f m ay;wmyg/ tu,f'rDyo JG mG ;&wm t&rf;aysmfp&maumif;ygw,f/ tEkynmnDtpfudkarmifESrwpfpkwpfa0;BuD;oGm;&wm t&rf; aysmfp&maumif;wJyh BJG u;D wpfyyJG g/ tu,f'rDoaH wGMum;&wmu awmh trsm;Bu;D ygyJ/ Shade Journal Vol:6,No-6

0gqdkrkd;OD; 0gqdk 'DESpfyGJwuf0wfpHuawmh Aroma u pyGefqmay;xm w,f/ tusÐu ausmufprd ;f a&mifcsdw?f xrDuawmh vdar®m&f ,f? ausmufprd ;f &,f? eHo Y ma&mifpyfxm;wmayghaemf/ jrefrm0wfpq kH kd awmh qHxHk;av;xHHk;NyD;awmh usufoa&&Sd&Sdav;eJYyGJudkwufjzpf rSmyg/ tu,f'rDtoHawGMum;&wmuawmh udak jywDO;D ? udpk ikd ;f pdik ;f ? roufreG ?f rvif;wdMYk um;w,f/ tEkynmorm;wkid ;f ud, k pf D &apcsifygw,f/

www.shadejournal.com

'DEpS rf mS ½du k x f m;wJh ½Hw k ifwu hJ m;Bu;D awGrygao;bl;/ tu,f írsm;yg0ifcGifh&cJhwJhtcsdefrSm ukd,fu tu,f'rDwpfay;ae w,fqdk&ifawmh twkdif;rod0rf;om&rSmayghaemf/ bmjzpfvdkYvJ qdk&ifawmh jrwfrdkYwdkY½kyf&Sifo½kyfaqmifawGqdkwmu tEkynm tvkyu f pkd Nyq D u kd wnf;u &nf&, G cf sufcsif;wlMuw,fav/ tJ 'Dawmh tm;vH;k &JUyef;wkid u f tu,f'rDqw kd m tu,f'rDqakd wmh tu,f'rD&r,fq&kd ifawmh twkid ;f tqrod0rf;omrdrmS yJ/ 'DEpS f jrwfrdkYMum;wmuawmh trsm;BuD;yJ/ tEkynmorm;wkdif; udk,f pD&apcsifygw,f/ 'DEpS f tu,f'rDyu JG w kd ufjzpfrmS yg/ t0wf'ZD idk ;f udkawmh pdwfBudKufa&G;cs,faeygw,fvdkYqdkygw,f/

5


roefrpGr;f jzpfc&hJ if apmatmif(wDusp)f roefrpGrf;rIESifhywfoufí ajc?vuft*FgpHkaomfvnf; taMumif;aMumif;aMumifah jcwpfzwfjzwfroefprG ;f jcif;?ajcESpzf uf jzwfíroefpGrf;jcif;?ajcjzwf&mwGiv f nf;'l;atmuf 'l;txuf pojzifh&SdMuygonf/ vufwpfzufaomfvnf;aumif;?ESpfzuf aomf vnf; aumif;csdKU,Gi;f ysufp;D Ny;D t aMumaoroefprG ;f jcif;? t aMumif;wpfcck ak Mumifh jzwfypf&jcif;? rsufv;kH wpfzuf? ESpzf uf csdKU,Gi;f Ny;D roefrpGr;f jzpf&jcif;? em;wpfzufEpS zf ufr Mum;aom roefrpGr;fjzpf&jcif; ponfwdkY&SdMuygonf/ vlb Y 0odYk trd0rf;wGi;f rS xGuv f monft h csderf pS íajcvuf t*FgrSpítppt&m&mjynfph akH pcsifMuonfrmS ud;k vvG,?f q,fv zGm;cJ&h onfrh cd ifrsm;yifjzpfMuonf/ pma&; ol\ 'kw, d orD;arG; zGm;pOf rdcifjzpfoo l nf uav;xGuf vmNy;D ]tl0}J vdt Yk oHMum;& wJhtcsdefrSmpum;wpfcGef;udkarG;zGm;onfhq&mrrsm;tm;ar; vkdufygw,f/]t*FgpHk&JUvm;wJh}/ pHkygw,fqdkrSoufjyif;cscJh& w,fvaYkd jymygw,f/bmjzpfvv Ykd q J akd wmh'u D av;ud0k rf;wGi;f rSm oaE¨wnfNyD; oHk;vavmufrSm *smref0uf ouf(*sdKufodk;)jzpfcJh w,f/ udk,f0efvEk&ifw&m;0ifzsufcsay;w,fvdkYqdkygw,f/ oHv k avmufqakd wmhvt l aumifujzpfaeNy;D 'Duav;udb k ,fvkd zsufcs&ufrmS vJ/ 'Dawmh vaphatmif0rf;üvG,Nf y;D arG;cJ&h wmaygh/ 'Duav;vljzpfvmawmh olrY mS csdKU,Gi;f tm;enf;csuf wpfck awmh&SdcJhygw,f/ tJ'guem;&JUtm½HkrSm rMum;cJhwmyg/ odyjf yif; xefwt hJ oHurkd o S wdxm;wwfygw,f/ i,fpOfuolu Y jkd yKpk&wm tvGecf ufccJ yhJ gw,f/ajymrMum;?qdrk Mum;ud;k /'gayr,fh wjznf; jznf;BuD;vmawmh olY&JUyifudk,fÓPf&nfaumif;wmrdkY ynmudk olrsm;wwfovdkwwfatmiftrsm;oifMum;MuwJhausmif;rSmyJ xm;cJ&h w,f/olrsm;yg;pyfvyI w f mudMk unfNh y;D bmajymw,f? bm udkqdkvdkw,fqdkwmudkodw,f/ oli,fcsif;ausmif;om;awGqD u pmudkul;,lw,f/ usufrSwfw,f/ pmar;yGJajzqdkcJhw,f/ 'DvdkeJYwpfwef;rSrus½IH;bJq,fwef;udka&mufoGm;w,f/q,f wef;rSmawmh wpfEpS u f sw,f/ aemufwpfEpS Bf uKd ;pm;awmhatmif jrifcw hJ ,f/wuúov dk yf nmudpk may;pm,lwwf&if;ajzcJw h mbGUJ & oGm;w,f/ ol&Y UJ BuKd ;pm;rIyg/ ol&Y UJ t&nftcsif;u jrifwmeJw Y wf wJht&nftcsif;&Sdw,f/ wwf wif;? odk;arT;? pufcsKyfpwJh ynm awGuw kd wfovd?k tcsut f jyKwfrmS rke[ Yf if;cg;?rkew Yf t D ptaumif; qH;k csufEidk w f ,f/ uGefysLwmeJY *drf;upm;wJhtcg omrmefvlxuf awmifuRrf;ygao;w,f/ bmudkqdkvdkcsif wmvJqdkawmh ZGJ&,f? tm;ravQmhwwfwm&,f? BudK;pm; tm;xkwfrIawG&,faygif;pyf Ny;D vkycf sif?udik cf sif? wwfcsifwphJ w d u f akd rG;wmaMumifjh zpfygw,f/ pma&;ol0efxrf;b0 wyfrawmfxJaepOf a&SUwef;oGm;wJh tcg ppfonfawGrkdif; xdNyD;jywfMu&w,f/ ajcjywf? vufjywf? rsufv;kH uG,pf ojzifu h , kd t f *FgawGcsdKU,Gi;f cJMh u&w,f/pGev Yf w T f Muwmaygh/pGefYpm;&if;pGefYvTwfcJhMuwm*kPf,lp&myg/ ykodrfBuD; wyfrmS aecJph OfpeG v Yf w T o f al wGrsm;pGm&Scd yhJ gw,f/ olwt Ykd Nird ;f pm; ,lwt hJ cg jynfph o kH al wG&dS cJo h vdk wcsdKUtNird ;f pm;ppfonf awGu aep&mtdrfawmifr&Sd&SmMubl;/'gayr,fh ppfrIxrf;a[mif;awG twGuaf qmufvyk af y;cJw h ahJ etdraf wG&cJv h t Ykd rd ef , YJ meJY aeMu& olawGvnf;&SdcJhygw,f/ avmurSm wyfrawmfrSm wifrubJ jyifyavmurSm um; arSmuf? um;wdkufMu&mrSudk,ft*FgpGefYvTwfcJhMu&wm?&xm;pD; &if;acsmfMuvdkYudk,ft*FgpGefYcJhMu&wm?puf½Hktvkyf½HkawGrSm ae xkid v f yk u f ikd &f if;taMumif;roifv h Ykd pGev Yf w T cf hJ Mu&wmrsdK;pojzifh pGev Yf w T rf rI sdK;pH&k cdS MhJ uygw,f/ vlwpfa,muf&UJ ud, k cf E¨m zGUJ pnf;yHk t&jynfhpHkrIuaewpfckckcsdKU,Gif;avsmhenf;oGm;wmeJY tm;i,f oGm;wwfMuygw,f/ ,cktcgrSm pGefYvTwfrIrsm;udktm;ri,fap &ef twGuf Ekid if aH wmftpk;d &ESihf azmifa';&Si;f tzGUJ tpnf;rsm;u apmifah &Smufay;rIrsm;jyKvkyaf ewmawGU&vdt Yk vGet f m;&rdygw,f/ tvGefrGefjrwfygw,f/ Zefe0g &D 20&ufaeY a&Trif;om;azmif a';&Si;f ujyKvyk cf w hJ t hJ crf;tem;udo k mG ;a&mufcw hJ t hJ cgrSmazmifa'; &Sif;&JU&nf&G,fcsufrsm;udo k cd &hJ ygw,f/ ynma&;? usef;rma&;? vlraI &;eJt Y vkyt f udik t f cGit hf a&;rsm;&&So d nft h xdvnf;aumif;? pGefYvTwfolawGtwGufvdktyfaomtaxmuftulypönf;rsm;rS píjznfq h nf;ay;Ny;D roefrpGr;f olw&Ykd UJ pdw"f mwf a&;&mrsm;udyk g jr§ifhwifay;aejcif;udkawGU&ygojzifh*kPf,lrdygaMumif;a&;om; vdkuf&ygonf/ apmatmif(wDuspf)

6

]ydik ;f vH;k }Zmwfum;rSm xl;jcm;pGmawG&Y r,fU 0if;arwåm&JY wkdufykdif rif;om;av;aerif;c 'DZifbm (13)7ufaeYu ydik ;f vH;k qdw k ZhJ mwfum;½du k u f iG ;f rSm o½kyaf qmifaexufvif;? qkyefxmG wdyYk g0ifo½kyaf qmifxm;Muyg w,f/ aerif;c&JUwdu k yf idk jf zpfwhJ 0if;arwåmxkwv f yk af &;upifwif ½du k u f ;l ay;wJu h m;vnf;jzpfygw,f/ aerif;conf Zmwfum;rsm; udk tpOfqufwu dk ½f u kd Ef ikd o f w l pfO;D vnf;jzpfygw,f/ ]]tNiK§d ;rajy}} Zmwfum;rSmvnf; y&dowfawGtm;ay;rIukd tjynht f 0&&Sx d m; aomrif;om;wpfvufjzpfonf/ aerif;ceJaY wGUwJt h csed cf PrSm ajymjzpfcw hJ phJ um;av;awGu ]]'&mrmZmwfvrf;av;awGukd ydNk y;D awmho½kyfaqmifcsifygw,f/ rvkyfzl;ao;wJhum½dkufwmrsdK;udk ydNk y;D awmh o½kyaf qmifcsipf w d &f ydS gw,f/ Ny;D awmhe,fawGrmS oDcsi;f oGm;qd&k r,f/ Ny;D &if Zmwfum;awGqufwu kd ½f u kd zf &Ykd ydS gw,f}}[k ajymMum;oGm;cJyh gw,f/ xGef;xGef;0if;(ykyÜg;)

yGifUopfvGifjyif yef;csDjyyGJudk &HyHkaiGjyyGJtjzpf usif;yrnf rS BuD;rSL;usif;y rnfh yGifhopfvGifjyiftrnf&Sd yef;csDjyyGJudk trsdK;om;'Drdkua&pD tzGUJ csKyf(rEÅav;wkid ;f a'oBu;D )&HyakH iGjyyGt J jzpf azazmf0g&Dv 4 &ufaeYrpS wifí"r®omvmcef;rwGiu f si;f yrnfjzpfaMumif;od&onf/ jyyGu J sif;ya&; MYANMAR ARTIST EYE(Mandalay) aumf rwDudk em,ua'gufwmudkudkBuD;? Ouú|yef;csDausmfrdk;om? 'k Ouú|a':csdKcsdKatmif(yHopk E´m)? twGi;f a&;rSL;yef;csDarmifav; xGef;wdkYyg0ifaomtzGJU0if 14OD;jzifhzGJUpnf;xm;onf/ jyyGJwGif rEÅav;NrKd UrS yef;csDum; 100ausmfEiS hf &efuek Nf rKd UrS yef;csDq&mrsm; wifoGif;jyornfh yef;csDum; 100cefYyg0ifrnfjzpfojzifh um; ta&twGuf 2000ef;usifjyornfjzpfonf/ yef;csDq&mwpfO;D vQif yef;csDum; 3um;jyoEkid &f m jyyGw J ifjyornfh yef;csDum;rsm; udk a&G;cs,fa&;tzGUJ rS jyyGw J ifyef;csDum;rsm;udk Zefe0g&D 24 &uf aeY aemufqHk;xm;ay;ydkY&ef aqmfMoxm;onf/ ]rEÅav;umwGef;q&mrsm;&JU JOKE FOR ALL, all for joke umwGe;f jyyGu J kd trsdK;om;'Dru kd a&pDtzGUJ csKyf(rEÅav;wkid ;f a'o MYANMAR ARTIST EYE(Mandalay)

Bu;D )uBu;D rSL;Ny;D 26vrf; y'krm® cef;rrSm; Zefe0g&Dv 20&ufuae 22&ufxu d sif;ywm wk;d raygufatmifvma&muftm;ay;Munfh ½IUolawGuakd wGU&w,f/ yef;csDjyyGrJ mS jyor,fu h m;Bu;D awGygwm rdYk us,fus,f0ef;0ef;&Sw d hJ "r®omvmcef;rudak &G;cs,fjyowmyg/ jyyGJwifyef;csDum;awGudk pdppfa&G;cs,fNyD;&if jyef^qufudkcGifhjyK csufawmif;rSmyg/ "r®omvmcef;ru "mwfyjkH yyG?J yef;csDjyyGeJ pYJ mtkyf jyyGaJ wGvyk cf &hJ mrSm tpOftvmaumif;wJah e&myg}[k jyyGu J sif;y a&;aumfrwDOuúXyef;csDausmfr;dk omuajymonf/ yef;csDjyyGw J iG f yef;csDq&mrsm;rS wefz;kd owfrw S af &mif;csrnf jzpf&m a&mif;cs&aiGrsm;xJrS 30&mckid Ef eI ;f udk trsdK;om;'Dru kd a&pD tzGJUcsKyf(rEÅav;wkdif;a'oBuD;)odkY ay;vSLrnfjzpf&m jyyGJudk azazmf0g&D 6&ufaeYtxd oHk;&ufMumcif;usif;jyornfjzpf&m trsdK;om;'Dru kd a&pDtzGUJ csKyf(rEÅav;wkid ;f a'oBu;D )rS 'DviId ;f pm apmifa&mif;csjcif;? wD&yS ?f jyu©'ed ?f vG,t f w d ?f OD;xky?f &ifx;dk wH qdyfESifh rSwfwrf;wifADpD'DacGrsm;udkyg &HyHkaiGtjzpfa&mif;csrnf jzpfaMumif;od&onf/ atmifjrifjh rif(h ppfuidk ;f )

aqmif;wGif;umv jrpfoJta&mif;ydkrdk wGifus,fvm yGiv hf if;&moDjzpfaom aqmif;wGi;f umvwGif rEÅav;NrKd Uü taqmuftOD;aqmufvyk af &;vkyif ef;rsm; t&Sed t f [kejf ri§ w hf nf aqmufvm&m vkyfief;oHk;jrpfoJ ta&mif;ydkrdkwGifus,frI&Sdvm aMumif;od&onf/ rEÅav;NrdKU? acsmfqdyfteD;? {&m0wDjrpfqdyfwGif oJpkyfarmf awmfrsm;jzifh oJpak qmif;ovd?k jrpfurf;ay:ta&muf oJpyk w f if pufrsm;jzifh pkyf,lpkaqmif;ae&m aqmif;wGif;umv&moDOwk at;aomfvnf; aeYpOfeHeufcif;ydkif;rS naerkd;csKyfonftxd vkyif ef;0ifaeMu&onf/ {&m0wDjrpfxrJ o S u J kd r&rf;Ncq H yd ?f a*g

0deq f yd Ef iS ahf csmfqyd üf oJpyk &kH m acsmfqyd rf mS um;wifum;csae&m us,f0ef;ojzifh a&mif;a&;0,fwmtqifajyrI&o dS nf/ rEÅav;NrKd UwGif wnfaqmufa&;vkyif ef;rsm;aqmufvyk q f J ESifh pwifaqmufvkyfolrsm;jym;vm&m oJtwiftcsqdyfrsm;ü wpfaeYvQif oJ 3usif;rS 10usif;txd wifaqmifEkdifaom um; tpD;a& 150ausmfvma&muf0,f,rl &I adS Mumif; oJwpfusif;qdyf urf;a&mif;aps; 3500usyf? 4000usyf&SdNyD;? NrdKUwGif;oJo,fydkY? wifcsp&dwu f o kd 0J ,f,o l rl u S scH&ojzifh NrKd UwGi;f ta&mufaf ps;rSm wpfusif; 8000usyfrS 15000usyftxd&o dS nf/ jrpnf

ucsif½dk;&m oEåmykwD;udk yGJwuftjzpf ucsiftrsdK;orD;rsm;*kPf,l0wfqif ucsif½;kd &m oEÅmykw;D udk y,if;? qifp, G rf sm;jzifjh yKvkyx f m; &m ucsifwkdif;&if;oltrsdK;orD;BuD;rsm;rS yJGvrf;obifrsm;wGif yGJwuf0wfpHktjzpf tjrwfwEkd;0wfqifMuonf/ oEÅmykw;D udk ucsifwu Ykd &S0geef[ak c:&m ykw;D udq k x JG m;yg u usef;rma&;aumif;jcif;? tdrw f iG ;f xm;&Syd gu rD;uGi;f jcif;rsm; &Sdojzifh a&S;tqufqufuyif 0wfqifrI&SdcJhMuonf/ tqdkyg oEÅmykw;D rsm;rSm trsdK;tm;aumif;rGeyf gu usyfoed ;f 20txuf wefzdk;&Sd&m aiGaMu;wwfEkdifolrsm;om ykwD;t*Fg&yfESifhnDaom tjyiftqifrsm;jzifh 0wfqifMuonf/ ucsifwidk ;f &if;olw\ Ykd ½d;k &m"avhjzpfojzifh aiGaMu;rwwfEidk o f rl sm;u tqdyk gykw;D rsm;udk

www.shadejournal.com

tjynft h pHrk [kwaf omfvnf; usm;pG,w f pfc?k y,if;aph? oEÅmaph tenf;i,fjzifh oDuHk;0wfqifMuonf/ oEÅmykw;D udk ucsif½;kd &mraemyGaJ wmfwiG f *kP, f 0l if<h um;pGm 0wfqifrI&Sdovdk ½dk;&mbmoma&;txdrf;trSwfaeYrsm;? ESpful; yGJawmfESifh tqifhjrifhr*Fvmaqmif yGJwuftcrf;tem;rsm;wGif tjrwfwEkd;0wfqifMu&m trsdK;orD;trsm;pkrSm ½dk;&mtjzpf t jrwfwEkd;0wfqifEkdif&ef aiGaMu;pkaqmif;0,f,lavh&SdaMumif; jrpfBu;D em;NrKd UrS ucsiftrsdK;orD;Bu;D a':tJvpd bufuajymonf/ atmifjrifhjrifh (ppfukdif;) Shade Journal Vol:6,No-6


Shade Journal Vol:6,No-6

www.shadejournal.com

7


]raumif;&if uif;atmifae} qdkaom pum;onf tvGef oabmusp&maumif ; \/ aemufqufwt JG aeeJY ]ruif; &ifawmh aumif;atmifMunfh aygif;}qdkonfhoabmvnf; yg\/ raumif;vdkYuif;atmif aewJMh um;u ruif;atmifZw G f zefwD;olawGvnf;&Sdaeav awmh aumif;atmifMunfah ygif; zdkYcufwJhtajctaersdK;vnf; wpfcgwpf&HBuHK&onf/ tJ't D cgrsdK;usawmh rdru d , dk f udk tjypfwif&avrvm;/ t wd w f b 0urpif M u,f c J h v d k Y vuf&Sdb0rSmvmNyD;pkNyHKywf oufae&w,fvdkYaygh/ udk,fh bufu twwfEidk q f ;kH aumif; atmifBudK;pm;tm;xkwfaeyg vsuf e J Y r aumif ; bl ; xif v d k Y

opfom;vdkaysmfhae&if udk,fh xufrmwJo h cH Ref0ifvmwJtcg ae&mz,fay;&rSmyJr[kwv f m;/ ½dkufoGm;vmwJhoHcRefudkae&m z,fray;&½Hrk Qru ½du k v f mwJh oHcRefauG;aumufomG ;atmif qdk&if rmaMumwJhoHwHk;? oHcJ jzpfaezdkYvdkw,fvdkYawG;rdwm av; wrmajrrS m tqmajy wifqufvdkuf&jcif;&,fyg/ ,HMk unfcsufaMumift h usOf; usolawG vGwfvyfcGifh ay; vdkufwJh EkdifiHawmfor®wBuD; &JUvkyfaqmifcsuf[m jrefrmh orkdif;rSm rSwfwrf;wifxdkuf wJh Bu;D rm;wJu h pd Bö u;D ygyJ/ vkyf oifhvkyfxkdufwmudk &J&J0Hh0Hh qHk;jzwfvkyfudkifwJhor®wBuD; udk av;pm;tm;usrdyg&JU/ wpfO;D uapwem? wpfO;D u

aejcnf(rauG;)

uif;atmifaexm;ol&UJ ya,m* aMumifph w d t f aESmift h ,Sujf zpf &wmrwefb;l vdaYk tmufarhyg w,f/ 'Dawmh ]raumif;&if uif; atmifae}qdkwJhpum;[m t vGeo f abmusp&maumif;ay r,fh vkdufemzdkYcufwmawmh trSeyf gyJ/ wcgwav tawG; awGudkajymif;jyefvSefMunfhrd &JU/ ukd,fhudkuif;atmifaezdkY twGuf raumif;atmifaejy vdkuf&rvm;vdkYaygh/ tJ'DtcgusrS ruif;wJht jyif]olawmftcsif;csif;owif; avGUavGUaygif;zufawGU}qdo k vdjk zpfaerStcufvv Ykd nf;awG; rdwmaMumif'h t D awG;r[efb;l vdb Yk &dwt f yk v f u kd &f wmvnf; tBurd Bf urd yf gyJ/ ajzp&mawmh &S d y g&J U / twk r &S d w J h j rwf p G m bk&m;aomfrS tusifph &PrSm txG#t f xdy&f ydS gvsuef t YJ wku d f tcdu k af wGrsdK;pHBk uKd awGU&ao; wmyJ/ igvdk ykxkZOfvlom; wpfO;D tzdt Yk b,frmS qdzk , G &f m &Srd nfenf;vdaYk ygh/ trSeaf wmh ud, k v f nf;b,f rSmtaumif;oufoufjzpfEidk f rSmwJhvJ/ ]taumif;vkyfwm rsm;&if vlaumif;? raumif; wmvkyw f mrsm;&if vlraumif;} qdkwJh pHñTef;tay:rSm aumif; wmvkyw f mrsm;atmifBuKd ;pm; aeolwpfO;D ayomyJ/ aocsmwmwpf c k u awmh udk,fhbufutrSefw&m;udk zufw, G Nf y;D rmaezdyYk /J ud, k u f

8

arwåmqdkovdk tjyeftvSef em;vnfr&I &dS edS YJ 'Dru kd a&pDEidk if H awmfopfBuD;qDodkY csDwufMu wJh ae&mrSm tcGifhta&;udk vufwpfq;kH Edu I Mf uzdrYk pOf;pm; MubJ pnf;urf;&Sd&Sd enf;vrf; odod vufwGJaqmif&GufMuzdkY awmhvdkr,fxifygw,f/ zGi[ hf ay;xm;wJw h cH g;ayguf uae pnf;urf;wus0ifa&muf r,fq&kd ifoufaomifo h ufom eJY twGi;f udk a&muf&MdS urSmyg/ (tcsdefawmhay;&rSmaygh) 'Dvkd r[kwb f t J jrefa&mufvakd ZmeJY qE´apmNyD;twif;wkd;a0SYMu r,fq&kd ifyifyef;oavmufc&D; a&mufr,frxif bl;/ EkdifiHawmf a&SUc&D;twGuf wu,fvkyfwwf? vkyfEkdifwJh yk*¾dKvfawG vkyfydkifcGifhawGjyef vnf & &S d v mawmh r S m jzpf v d k Y tm;wufp&mygyJ/ ]ig;odik ;f rsm; awmh[if;ckef}qdkovdkawmh rjzpfapcsifb;l aygh/ t"duawG xJu ydkNyD;t"duuswmawmh ]pnf;urf;&SdzdkYyg}/ jrefrmawG pnf;urf;azmufvdkY xD;eef; aysmufcJh&wm arhzG,f&mudpö rSr[kww f myJ/ ]igod y gw,f ? omvd u m &,f}vdaYk jym&ifvnf;cHygr,f/ todacgufcuf t0ifeufjzpf rSmpdk;vdkYyg/ ]yG}atmif]zG}r,fh ol ]us}atmif ] cs}r,f h o l ? ]aemuf}atmif]aESmuf}r,fh ol? ]aMumuf}atmif]ajcmuf} r,fo h ?l ]vJ}atmif]vS}J r,fo h ?l ]uG}J atmif]cG}J r,fo h w l JG od? cGJ

trSew f &m;u BudK;pifxufrSm xm0&&Sad eNy;D trSm;awGuawmh yv’ifxufrSm xm0&&Sad ew,f/ a*stm&fvdk0J uRefawmf'pD mudk wu,f ra&;csifb;l As/wpfa,muf u pmolc;dk Asm/aemufwpfa,muf olrsm;pum;pkawGuadk [majym pifjrifhrSm ukd,fhpum;vkd vkyf? ADEkdif;pawumawG ukd,fwkdif xkwfNyD; pum;ckd; jyefygw,f/ aemufq;Hk Mum;&wJo h wif;t& Ak'0¨ ifawGukd RZmenfoq D w dk hJ a&mhcfoHpOfeJYqdkowJh/ Mum;& wm em;0rSm roufomvSb;l / a[majymyGaJ wGrmS vnf;Adv k cf sKyf atmifqef;taMumif;r&ru xnfx h nfah jymNy;D y&dowfvuf ckyo f u H ckd sLaewJph molc;dk ?pum; olckd;awG /uRefawmfhNrdKUuvl awGuvnf; tJ'DolawGudkt aumif;rSwNf y;D yifv h m;?zdwv f m; vkyaf eMuw,f/ uRefawmfu bmaMumifhajymovJodvm;/ ]AE¨vu©Pm? rnDygrl? xku d Asm yif? uAsmh&Sifudk? EGm;oGifrkcs? xifpmG jy\} vdYk refvnf q&m awmfBu;D u rCa'0rSm a&;cJh w,f/ tJ'ED pS af ,mufu vl&m 0ifatmif twif;t"r® pdwf ul;wnfh&mawG avQmufvkyf aeawmh usef wJhq&mawGyg odum© usoAsm/ tm;vkH;eD;yg; u ajym&qd&k rSm t zufrwef bl;qdNk y;D vufyu dk Mf unfah eMu awmh 'DEpS af ,mufuykNd y;D awmh a&mifhwufvmMuw,f/ ajym Muprf;yg/ qefaumif;xJu ausmufcJ awGudka&G;xkwfNyD; &J&v J iT yhf pfvu dk pf rf;yg/ *kPo f a&&Sd pm;aumif;aomufzG,f awGMum;xJrmS tDMumauG;awG uefv Y efu Y efv Y efjY zpfaewm NrKd U emw,f/ uRefawmfvnf; ol rsm;awG a&;xm;wJhpmawGudk ul ; cszl ; ygw,f / 'gayr,f h b,folYpmudkul;w,fqdkwm uawmh pmykd'ftqHk;rSm uRef awmfazmfjyw,f/ udk;um;&m? ½d;k om;&ma&mufatmifayghAsm/ usrf;udk;ay;wJhoabmyg/ 'g

udk ynm&Siaf wGucGiv hf w T Mf u ygw,f/ pmzwftawmfemwJh vlayyJvYkd csD;rGr;f orIawmifjyK vdkufMuao;w,f/ rnfvnf q&mawmfBu;D uvnf; ]aemuf vloHk;awmh ÓPfckd;wnf;}vdkY twdtvif; cGifhjyKawmfrlcJhyg w,f/ uRefawmfvnf;uRef awmfu h v kd t l xifBu;D ygapawmh qdw k phJ w d ef aYJ y:jyLvmjzpfatmif olrsm;pmawGc;kd awmh rcscJhzl;yg bl;/a[majymyGpJ ifjrifrh mS vuf oD; vufarmif;wef;NyD; EGm; aiguf ovdv k nf; ra[majym cJhzl;ygbl;/ atmufu xkdifem; axmifaeMuwmvlawGavAsm/ uRefawmfolrsm; uAsmawGudk vkdufavmifcJhwmawGawmh&Sd oaygh/ 'guvnf; tifrwef &if;ES;D wJv h al wG&UJ uAsmawGukd rSavmifwmyg/ Oyrm 0dik cf sdK&JU uAsmqdyk gawmh/ udk,fu rkd;&Gmxm;wJhnrdkY xyfndKU&rSmvnf; tm;em rsufEmS ay:u taMumpdr;f uav;udkvnf; arhr& aemufqHk; aqmif;xm;wJh xD;udyk J ydwcf svdu k w f ,f/ / (0kdifcsdK? awmtkyfuAsm) ud, k u f cPcPcd;k wJocl ;kd rdYk xyfc;dk &rSmvnf; tm;em aowåmay:u bde;f pdr;f xkyf uav;udkvnf; arhr& aemufqHk;0wfxm;wJh ykqkd;udkyJ cRwfaygifvdkuf&w,f/ / (atmifrLS ;a0?bde;f pm;uAsm) 'guawmh 0dkifcsdKuAsmudk uRef a wmf a jc&mcsif ; xyf N yD ;

od? tNrJowd&SdzdkYvdkNyD; vdktyf w,fxifvYkd rD', D morm; wpf a,muftaeeJo Y wday;&wmyg/ wrmajraqmif;&moD&JU t ½kPOf ;D eHeufcif;udk ud, k v f uf vIy&f mS ;?vrf;avQmuf&if;ausmf jzwfMuolawGtwGufBuD;rm; pGmaom taemuft,Sufu awmh rD;cdk;rdIif;wdkufaeolawG ygyJ/ avaumif; avoefYudk ½SL½du I zf t Ykd cGirhf ombJ touf atmif&h if;vrf;avQmufaeMu& vdkYtqkwfavqmwJhjyóem udk&ifqkdif aeMu&ygowJh/ ]2012udb k ,fvakd usmfjzwf

rvJqdkwJhjyóemuawmh t Bu;D tus,af cgif;pmp&myJa[h} rif;wdkYa&m b,fvdkjyifqif xm;MuovJ? a&cJawmifawG awmh tylcsdefjrifhwufwJh'Pf aMumifh ta&aysmfEIef;jrefqef aeNyq D ykd }J ]pufrIxGef;um;wJhEkdifiHBuD; awG&JU'Pfudk wpfurÇmvHk; ausmaumhatmifcHMu&rSmyJ av/ igwdkYbmwwfEkdifrSmvJ/ aA'ifq&mwpfa,mufuawmh avSBu;D wpfpif;vkyNf y;D olt Y rd f a&S u rS m Bud K ;csnf x m;qd k y J / wu,f q l e mrD o mwuf v m

www.shadejournal.com

vdu k af vmifxm;wmyg/ 0dik cf sdK? wkd;aESmifrdk;? pHndrf;OD;? aoG; (ppfuidk ;f )? eD&if&h if?h uRefawmf wdkYu a&SUu ESpftenf;i,f apmMuw,f/ t&G,af wGu r wdrf;r,drf;awG/ olwdkYa&SUrSm udak &G;? pkid ;f 0if;jrifw h t Ykd yk pf ak wG olwdkYaemufrSm uRefawmfwdkY awGaygh/ cifMu rifMuw,f/ aemufwmajymifwmudk olwdkY cTiv hf w T Mf uygw,f/ uRefawmf wdpYk mayavmurSm 0gpOforÇm pOfqw kd mudk Oya'jy|mef;xm; wmr[kwaf yr,fh *g&0 ed0gw awmhjzifx h m;&ygw,f/ tpfukd weftpfu?kd q&mwefq&maygh Asmaemh/ *g&0eJY ed0gwrSm *g&0 xuf ed0gwuydkcufw,fvdkY uRefawmfxifw,f/ Bu;D olukd ½dak owmawmhAsm/ uk, d u hf , kd f udEk rdS chf swmusawmh cufoAs/ apmapmu ajymcJ h w J h o l E S p f a,muf[m bmed0gwrS&SdwJh olawG r[kwb f ;l / pmayavm uxJaemufaz;aygufuvnf; 0ifvmao;&JU? vlBuD;awGa&SU rSmcg;aumhNyD;pum;ajymao; qdw k o hJ al wG/ &efuek rf mS pmtkyf rdwfqufyGJvkyfwkef;u tJ'D ES p f a ,muf p vH k ; uk d tif ; 0 pmaya&SUrSmawGUcJyh gao;w,f/ q&m(OD;)ausmfausmf(Ouú)H u Shade Journal twGJ 6? trSwf 3rSm tckvakd &;xm;w,f/

pmolckd;awGudk MunfhvkyfMuygOD; vufa&wpfjyifwnf; awmrD;? rkew f idk ;f vdyjf ym½dik ;f ESihf vdu Yk awmh BuKd ;jznfcsdeaf wmif &vdkufrSmr[kwfbl;vdkYawmif q&mpHZmPDbdkuoa&mfxm; ao;w,f} 2012&JU 'PfcwfrzI efw;D ol awGudk jypfwif½Iwfcs&if; t rdu I yf rkH ;D ½dUI aeMuoltcsif;csif; tjyeftvSeaf jymaeMuwmyg/ wpfa,mufu wDADumAmt pkwfBuD;eJYazmhwHk;awG rD;zdkxJ ypfxnfhNyD;ajymaeovdk? wpf a,mufuvnf; uRwfuRwf tdwf(yvpfpwpftdwfjzpfrSm yg)eJY aumfzDrpfxkwftcGHawG avrvGifhatmif wkwfeJYxkd;

orkdif;vuFm uAsmbPfwkduf nnfah rSmifru kd rf mS ½dkufcsdK;? zsufqD; ckd;,lNyD;vQif olYenf;olY[ef olYtBuHESifh ukvm;zefxdk; vuFmolckd; pmolcdk;udk BudK;pifwifay;MuygOD;/ / ausmf a usmf ( Ouú H ) uRefawmfuawmhBuKd ;pif usufoa&wH;k rSmpd;k vdYk 'Daumif awGukd BuKd ;pifrwifcsifygbl;/ oH&nfusdKpufxJyJ xnfhusdK vdkufcsifw,f/ 'DaumifawG vkyfwmeJY a*stm&fvdk0J ajym ovdk uRefawmfwdkYpmayavm u&JU trSefw&m;awG BudK;pif ay: xm0& a&mufukefawmh r,f/ trSm;awGuyv’ifay: pifay:a&mufaewmud;k / 'gay r,fAh sm aemufxyf tqdt k rdeYf wpfckvnf;&Sdyg ao;w,f/ trSefw&m;udkEIwfydwfNyD; ajrjrK§ yfypfw,fqakd pOD; tJ't D rSew f &m;[m wpfaeYus&if aygufuEJG idk w f phJ rG ;f tm;awGeYJ pkpnf;ay:xGuv f mrSmyJ/ tJ't D cgus&if trSew f &m;[m t&m&mudak csreI ;f ypfvrd rh f ,f/ tJrfvDZdkvm ppfreS o f al wGom a[m ajympifjrifah y: a&mufMuygap../ atmifrSL;a0 xnfh&if;(olYrD;yHkrSm um;wm ,mawmifygvkdufao;)ajym aeMuwJhjrifuGif;eJY Mum;ae& wJt h oHaMumifh tjrifet YJ Mum; vrkdif;ruyfvdkufMuyHkrsm;vdkY atmufarhryd g&JU/ aumif;uifrmS &Sw d hJ tkZd ;kH vTm uolwu Ykd Mkd unfNh y;D ESmacgif;½IUH aewmudk owdrxm;rdMubl;/ trdu I o f rd ;f um;aeYwidk ;f awmif vmaeygvsufeJY rD;½dIUaewJh vkyf&yfudk em;rvnfEkdifjzpfrd wmav;wifjy&if; onfwpf ywfwrmajrem;ygOD;r,f/ aejcnf ( rauG ; ) Shade Journal Vol:6,No-6


'D&ufyidk ;f rSm vlay;olay; ESifh a[majymyGJacGawG awmf awmfem;axmifjzpfonf/ vuf aqmifacGay;ol&JUapwemudk av;pm;onfhtaejzifh rtm; vyfwMhJ um;u tcsdev f Nk y;D em; axmifrjd cif;jzpfygonf/ q&m BuD; OD;atmifoif; &opmay taMumif; rajymawmhayr,fh vli,f tusdK;jyKawGa[mwm u om;orD;ajr;jrpfwdkYtxd pdr0hf ifomG ;rSmaocsmonf/ Ny;D awmh q&mudak v;(tif;0*kPf &nf)/ pm&Gufrudkif? rSwfpkr

onf/ tHr,f twkta,mif wcsdKUqd&k if pmay a[majymyGJ pifjrifah y:rSm ae&m&vku d w f m av,mOfysHeaYJ wmif yif&h qdyk /J 'DrSmu tpOftvmBuD;rm;wJh q&mBuD;awGu yGJul;Murf;wJh tJ'o D al umif;om; apmifah e& wm/ ][kwfuJh avqdyfuae um;eJ Y pxG u f y gNyD c if A sm;}/ ]vrf;rSm vufzuf&nfqkdif wpfqkdif0ifNyD; vufzuf&nf aomuf & if ; ud k , f & nf a oG ; aMumfjim pawumav;awG uyfaevdyYk gcifAsm;}/ vufuidk f

'gwifru a[majymyGJp Nyq D w kd mESihf 'DvBl u;D uy&dowf udk EIwfcGef;qufoygonf/ ],aeY <ua&muf v mMuwJ h q&mawmfoHCmawmfrsm;eJY pmzwf y&dowfBuD;udk OD;pGm yrmP aus;Zl;wifpum;ajym Mum;vdyk gw,f}wJ/h yrmPqdk wmbmvJ/ yPmrvdkYajym& rnfah e&mrSm ]yrmP}vkyv f u kd f awmh b,favmufxt d "dygÜ ,f vGJacsmfoGm;vJ/ [kwfrS[kwf &JUvm;/ em;Mum;rsm; vGJa&mh ovm;qdw k phJ w d ef YJ acGuakd emuf

b,fvdk pyGefqmvJ pde0f if;[ef

MunfhbJ a&S;pm;awG (txl; ojzifh tif;0acwf)&Gwfqdkjy oGm;wm wu,fh pmaya[m ajymyGJ&JU tESpfom&udk azmf aqmifay;ovd&k ydS gonf/ 'Dvykd gyJ/ q&mae0if;jrif?h q&mcspfOD;ndK/ 'Dq&mawGu vnf; &opmayeJY jzwfoef;rI b0tawGUtBuKH awGuakd &marT Ny;D a[majymoGm;wm/ oDcsif; qdkaumif;olawGyDyD vdktyf onfah e&mrSm tqdt k ajymav; awGn§yfvdkufawmhvnf; *Grf; qDx&d jyefwmaygh/ q&mv,f wGif;om;? q&marmifomcsdK? q&matmfyu D s,?f q&mudw k m? q&mrEkE&k nf(tif;0)? q&mr cifcifxl;? q&mr*sL;? q&m armifped 0f if;(ykw;D uke;f )wdu Yk kd vnf; ta[mtajymaumif; olrsm;pm&if;wGix f nfo h iG ;f Ny;D wav;wpm; em;axmifjzpfyg onf/ em;axmifNyD;orQacG awGudk jyefvnfoHk;oyfMunfh rdawmh 'Dq&mawG&UJ pmayb0 jzwfoef;rI? vkyfief;cGiftoD; oD;jzwfoef;rIwefzkd;aMumifh 'Dvakd [mEkid af jymekid w f maerSm vdkYvnf; ESvHk;oGif;qifjcifrd ygonf/ cufwmu qGrf;qefxJ <uufacs; a&maejcif;yif/ 'D q&mawGMum;rSm tlaMumif usm;awG uefYvefY uefYvefYyg vmonf/ pmayvnf;r[kw?f vli,f tusdK;jyKvnf;ryg/ EkdifiHawmftwGuf tusdK;&Sd&m &SdaMumif;vnf; rxnfhbJ yg; pyfOD;wnfh&m &rf;orf;ajym aeonf h o l a wG v nf ; ygvm Shade Journal Vol:6,No-6

zke;f oH w*Gr*f rG ef rYJ sufpad emuf em;aemufp&mudjk zpfv/Ykd teD; em;rSm&SdwJh pmay jzwfoef;rI BuD;rm;aom &opma&;q&m Bu;D awGurkd S tm;rem/ ajymcsifwmu pmaypif jrifhay:wufNyD; ½dk;om;onfh pmzwfy&dowfudk tvdrft nm vdIif;awGjzL;ay;NyD; vuf ckyo f aH wmif;aejcif;\ tusn;f wefyHkudk uGufuGufuGif;uGif; jrif v map&ef jzpf y gonf / vuf c k y f r wD ; ao;&if a wmh vufuav;yku d Nf y;D cPapmifh wmaygh/ 'DvdkapmifhvdkYrS vuf ck y f r wD ; ao;&if a wmh v nf ; apmapmu pum;ukyd J xyfjyef wvJvJajym/ Mumawmh y&d owfutm;emNy;D wD;&a&m/ a[majymyGJawG vkdufpyf a[mNy;D toufarG;0rf;ausmif; jyKaeonfh usL&Sifq&mwpf a,mufu a[majymyGJ rprD zwfMum;onfh ud, k af &;tusO;f xJrSm tufaq;yk'fa& 160 ausmf a&;om;Ny;D vdyYk gygonf/ tufaq;qdkwmbmvJ/ &o pmwrf;qdkwmb,fvdk[mrsdK; vJ/ 'Dvo l rd nfrxifyg/ a'o cH*sme,fwpfapmifrSm ola&; aeonfh [dk eDwdul;cs? [dkvlY 'Dvt Yl awG;udyk w kH u l ;l csNy;D jzpf ovdkjyKvkyfxm;wJhpmawGudk tufaq;[k xifaeyH&k onf/ pifay:rSm oluawmh cyfwnf wnfyJ tufaq;vdaYk jymaeyg NyD c if A s/ q&mMunf E k d i f w d k Y ? armif&ifhrm(ausmif;ukef;)wdkY a&. . . . . em;omydwx f m;Mu ayawmh/

jyef&pfNyD; tBudrfBudrf jyefzGifh Munfhawmhvnf; ]yrmP}yg yJ/ 'gu armfvNrKd ifa[majymyGJ acG/ awmifilacGudk zGifhMunfh vdkufrS 0rf;omtm;& twnf jyKEkid o f mG ;awmhonf/ ]yrmP} ygyJcifAsm/ 'geJY tem;rSm&So d nfh om;awmf a rmif ck E S p f w ef ; ausmif;om;av;udk cufqpf tajzar;Munfhawmh uav; u 'dk;'dk; a'gufa'gufyJ ajzyg onf/ aMomf 'DvlYES,f pifay: wuf a [maeNyD ; ck E S p f w ef ; ausmif;om;uav;avmuf awmifjrefrmpmtoH;k tEIe;f udk rodygvm;vdYk csD;usL;rdygao; onf/ tJ'Dvl awm&rf;r,fbGJU awG a vQmuf a jymaewmud k a[majymyGyJ &dowfvykd o J nf;cH Ny;D tysif;awmfajyrvm;qdw k hJ pdwfeJY qufem;axmifMunfh awmh . . . . . . 'Dvu l pifay:uaevuf n§Kd ;av;waxmifaxmifeYJ ol vkyfxm;wJhyHkjyifav;wpfyk'f ud k a jymaewm Mum;&jyef y g onf/ aMomf yHjk yif qdw k m ol vkyfvdkY&ovm;/ 'DvdkawG;rd onfh w'*F em;xJrmS tawmifh vdkufBuD; 0ifvmwmu yHkjyif xJrmS ygwJv h u l a>rwpfaumif &JUtNrD;udkwufeif;rdygowJh/ bmajymaumif;rvJ/ tJ'Da>r u a>rayG; qdkawmh yg;ysOf; axmifNyD; vludk pdkufMunfhae owJ/h cPaerS pGycf eJaygufcs vd k u f a &mwJ h / yH k j yif x J u vl awmhrodb;l / em;axmifaewJh vlrSmawmh wpfcgwnf; ao

csifapmfeo H mG ;wmyJ/ [Jh a>rayG; qdkwmu yg;ysOf;raxmifbl;/ a>ra[muferYJ mS ;aeNyaD emf/ a>r ayG ; qd k w mu od w J h t wk d i f ; olYxdvdkYuawmh ,ifaumif awmiftvGwrf ay;wJah umif/ 'gavmufrS A[kokwr&Sdbl; vm;vdYk em;&Guq f NJG y;D ar;vku d f csifygonf/ 'gu oabmavmufyJ &Sdao;onf/ 'Dvl&JUtajymt qdt k rlt&meJY wcsdKUyHw k ykd wfp awGu trsdK;aumif;orD;rsm; em;raxmifoifhaom z½kó 0gpm pm&if;rSm0ifaewmudk 'Dvl udk,fwkdifodyHkr&/ qufa[m vdaYk umif;aeqJy&J adS o;onf/ 'DaeY pmaya[majymyGpJ pD Ofol awG? txl;ojzifh pmayavm uom;awGEiS hf rpdr;f olawGukd awGUwke;f BuKH cku d af r;prf;Munfh awmh ]uRefawmfwv Ykd nf;ajym ygw,fq&m/ 'gayr,fh aiG aMu;tuket f uscHwphJ yGeq f m awGu tJ'DvlygrSa[majymyGJ vkyrf ,fcsnf;jzpfaewm/ tJ'D vlu vkid ;f 0ifxm;Ny;D om;ud;k / 'geJY uRefawmfwdkYvnf; NrdKUrSm pmaya[majymyGrJ jzpfwmMum NyDqdkNyD; pDpOfvkduf&wm}wJh/ oabmuawmh a[majymyGJ twGuf p&dwfputukeft uscHrnfph yGeq f mudk rvGeq f ef Ekid w f myJjzpfonf/ a[majymyGJ vkycf sifonfph yGeq f mtcsdKUESihf vufw&H n S o f nfx h o kd (l usL&Sif q&m+yGJpm;)wdkY b,fvdkcsdwf rdomG ;MuovJ/ ukrP Ü t D csdKUrS ta&mif;jr§ifhum;awGvdk e,f wumoGm;NyD; qkdifwumudk ypönf;a&mif;aumif;zdkY vkduf pyfaeovm;/ xdkpyGefqmqdk olrsm;ua&m rnfonft h vkyf awGvkyfNyD; pD;yGm;jzpfxGef;ae MuolawGvJ/ olwdkYtvkyft udkifawGua&m "r®d,v'¨jzpf &JUvm;/ pmayudkcspfjrwfEkd;ol awGr[kwb f J ]pm}qdv k Qif *sm e,fawmifaumufrudik jf zpfbJ ud, k Nhf rKd Uud, k &hf mG rSm xifay:csif wm oufoufeJY a[majymyGJ vkyaf ewmvm;pOf;pm;aewke;f uAsmq&mav;wpfa,muf ajymzl;onfhpum;wpfcGef;udk jyefvnfMum;a,mifryd gonf/ ]tpfuakd & . . .uRefawmf wdNYk rKd Uupmaya[majymyGaJ wmh ysufoGm;NyDAs/ bmpmrS [kwf wd ywf w d r a&;zl ; ao;bJ e J Y a[majymyGpJ ifawGay:rSm awGU u&mvufwef;awGavQmuf ajymaewJhvlygvdkY pyGefqmu aiGrxkwfEkdifawmhbl;wJh. . . . vkyfcsif&if pmaytpOftvm BuD;rm;wJhq&mawGudk&Smac: cJw h hJ . . . . } aMomf tJ'DvdkpyGefqmrsdK; vnf;&Syd gao;vm;qdNk y;D om"k tBurd Bf urd af c:rdygonf/ pdef0if;[ef

www.shadejournal.com

pdwcf s&atmifvhdk w½kwfvlrsdK; ynm&Sifwpfa,mufonf tjcm;NrdKU&Gmrsm;odkY oGm;a&mufí pmayA[kow k rsm;udk ydcYk s&avh&o dS nf/ xdo k o Ykd mG ; vm&mü rD;&xm;ESio hf mG ;avh&&dS m rD;&xm;ay:wGiq f akH wGU&olrsm; rSm pD;yGm;a&;orm;rsm;? ukeo f nfrsm;omjzpfojzifh pD;yGm;a&;ESihf aiGtaMumif;udkom ajymqdkaeMuojzifh w½kwfynm&SifrSm pdwf ysufaeNy;D olt Y m;vnf; rnforl Qtzufvyk í f pum;rajymMuay/ þodEYk iS hf wpfaeYwiG f &xm;ay:ü w½kwyf nm&Si\ f ab;xkid f cHrk v S w l pfa,mufonf &dw S pf yD;,m;\uAsmaygif;csKyfpmtkyBf u;D wpftkyftm;zwfaeonfudkawGUojzifh ynm&SifBuD;rSm 0rf;om tm;&jzpfrdavonf/ xdkYaMumifh xdkoltm; rdwfzGJUípum;ajym avonf/ odkYaomf xdkolrSm pmtkyfudkoJoJrJrJ qufvufzwf½I aeavonf/ aemufq;kH wGif blwmwpfco k &Ykd xm;a&muf&adS v&m xdo k u l pdwv f ufayghyg;oGm;[efEiS w h f ½kwyf nm&Sit f m;ajymavonf/ ]uRefawmfu pD;yGm;a&;orm;ygAsm/ 'DawmhaiGawGtajrmuf tjrm;,lvm&w,fav/ 'Dpmtkyrf sdK;ud, k v l mNy;D zwfae&wmu aiGawGtvkc&H rSmpd;k vdAYk sdKU? vlwidk ;f wxifwwfw,fr[kwv f m;? ynmwwfqdkwm bkdifaumifawGyJqdkwmaygh}

trSwftom; vlwpfa,mufonf uZmwf½x kH o J jYkd yef0ifvmNy;D wpfae&m ta&mufwGif xkdifaeomvludkar;vkdufonf/ ]wpfqdwfcifAsm;? pdwfr&SdygeJY? vlBuD;rif;&JUajcaxmufudk uRefawmfxGufwkef;ueif;rdw,faemf} ][kwfw,fav/ cifAsm;wufeif;oGm;w,f} xdt k cg jyef0ifvmolu olt Y azmftm;vSr;f ac:vdu k af vonf/ ]vmcJah wmha[h? wdaYk e&mawGUNyu D }G

olhtxif touf 3ESpft&G,f awmfrDqdkoluav;onf av,mOfysH rsm;udkoabmusvsuf&Sd&m tNrJwrf;vdkvkd av,mOfysHtoHudk Mum;vQif tdrfjyifodkYajy;xGufvmNyD; wjznf;jznf;ESifha0;oGm; onfhtcg ao;íao;íoGm;onftxd Munfh½Iwwfavonf/ wpfaeYwGif olYrdcifjzpfolESifhtwl av,mOfysHpD;í c&D;xGufcJh& ojzift h vGeaf ysmf&iT af useyfaeavonf/ av,mOfysHpwifysHoef; Ny;D 10rdepfcefMY umaomtcg awmfro D nforYl cd iftm;ar;vku d o f nf/ ]arar om;wdkYb,ftcsdefrS ao;oGm;rSmvJ[if}

jyefvmwwfwJUckd owif;axmufwpfa,muf\ vdrm® yg;eyfpmG ar;jref;rIaMumifh oef;<u,fola|;BuD;wpfOD;onf ol\atmifjrifrIvQdKU0Sufcsuf udk xkwfazmfajymMum;&eff qHk;jzwfvkdufonf/ ]tdrjf yefwwfwchJ akd wGa&mif;&if;utckvckd srf;omvmwmyJ} ]wu,fajymwmvm;? 'Dvdkqdk&if cdkb,fESpfaumifeJYpNyD; a&mif;cJw h mvJ} ]wpfaumifwnf;yg? tJ'w D pfaumifuakd &mif;vdu k w f idk ;f ol uusKyfqDjyefjyefvmw,fav}

rm,m ppfrx I rf;&ef qifah c:jcif;cH&olwpfO;D onf wpfaeYwiG f aq; ppf&eftwGuf q&m0efxHa&mufvmavonf/ rsufpdtjrifppf aq;&ef rsufpdq&m0efxHoGm;&onfhtcg tjriftm½Hkenf;[ef aqmifavonf/ q&m0efu rsufppd rf;oyfNy;D pmzwfcidk ;f &m bm pmudzk wf&rSmvJ[k jyefar;avonf/ xdt k cg q&m0efu wHjruf pnf;wpfacsmif;udjk y&m olucJwyH g[k ajzvku d o f nf/ xdak Mumifh olYudk ppfwyfwGifwm0efxrf;aqmif&effaq;tqifhrrD[k owf rSwv f u dk o f jzifh ppfrrI xrf;&awmhay/ xdak eYnaewGif xko d o l nf ½ky&f iS o f mG ;Munfah vonf/ ½ky&f iS f Munfah epOf rD;rsm;vif;vmaomtcg aq;½Hw k iG o f t Yl m; reufu rsufppd pfaq;aomq&m0efxidk af eonfuakd wGU&ojzifh wkev f yI f vefYzsyfoGm;onf/ NyD;rS tda`E´aqmifum q&m0efem;uyfcgar; vdkufonfrSm]'Dbwfpu f m;u yef;Ncu H akd &mufovm;[if}[líjzpfonf/

9


jynfaxmifpktqifU Nidrf;csrf;a&;aqG;aEG;a&;tzGJYESifU &Srf;jynfe,fwkd;wufa&;ygwD(SSPP)Nidrf;csrf;a&;aqG;aEG;yGJtzGJw Y kdY awmifBu;D NrKd w Y iG af wGq Y aHk qG;aEG;Ny;D oabmwlncD surf sm;vufrw S af &;xk;d

jynfaxmifpt k qifh Nird ;f csr;f a&;aqG;aEG;a&;tzGUJ acgif;aqmif awmifomNrdKUe,f jynfolYvTwfawmf udk,fpm;vS,f OD;atmif aomif;? 'kw, d tzGUJ acgif;aqmif jrpfBu;D em;NrKd Ue,f? jynfov Yl w T f awmfudk,fpm;vS,f OD;odef;aZmfESifhtzGJU0ifrsm;jzpfMuaom jynf axmifp0k efBu;D OD;tke;f jrif?h jynfaxmifp0k efBu;D OD;0if;xGe;f ? &Sr;f jynfe,f0efBuD;csKyf OD;p0fatmifjrwf? c&rf;NrdKUe,f jynfolYvTwf awmfu, dk pf m;vS,f OD;armifarmiford ;f ? ta&SUajrmufwidk ;f ppf|me csKyfwikd ;f rSL; Adv k cf sKyfatmifausmfaZm? ta&SUtv,fyidk ;f wkid ;f ppf |mecsKyfwidk ;f rSL;Adv k cf sKyfjrxGe;f OD;? 'kw, d 0efBu;D Adv k cf sKyfaZmf0if;? 'kwd,0efBuD;OD;pdk;wifh? 'kwd,a&SUaecsKyfOD;xGef;xGef;OD;? 'kwd, Adv k rf LS ;Bu;D aZmfEidk Of ;D ? &Sr;f jynfe,fvNkH cKH a&;ESiehf ,fpyfa&;&m0ef BuD; AdkvfrSL;BuD;atmifolwdkYESifh &Srf;jynfe,f wkd;wufa&;ygwD^ &Srf;jynfwyfrawmfNidrf;csrf;a&; aqG;aEG;a&; tzGJUacgif;aqmif ygwDA[dkaumfrwD'kwd,taxGaxGtwGif;a&;rSL;csKyf p0fac; wkdif;? ygwDA[dkaumfrwD0ifrsm;jzpfaom p0fcifrif? pyfcGefqkdif? p0fac;armif? p0fausmfv?S p0fxifred ;f ? p0favm0fac;? p0faemfvw d ?f p0faqydefzwdkYonf a'owGif;Nidrf;csrf;a&;wnfaqmufa&;t wGuf Zefe0g&D 28&uf? rGef;vGJ 1em&DcGJwGif &Srf;jynfe,f(awmif ydkif;)awmifBuD;NrdKUü awGUqHkaqG;aEG;yGJjyKvkyfcJhMuonf/ jynfaxmifpktqifhNidrf;csrf;a&;aqG;aEG;yGJrjyKvkyfrD jynf e,ftqifhyPmrtBudKNidrf;csrf;a&;aqG;aEG;yGJudk &Srf;jynfe,f jynfe,ftqifh Nird ;f csrf;a&;aqG;aEG;a&;tzGUJ acgif;aqmifvNkH cKH a&;ESihf e,fpyfa&;&m0efBu;D Adv k rf LS ;Bu;D atmifo?l tzGUJ 0ifrsm;jzpf aom ta&SUajrmufwkdif;ppf|mecsKyf ppfOD;pD;rSL;(yxrwef;)? ta&SUtv,fydkif;wkdif;ppf|mecsKyfppfOD;pD;rSL;(yxrwef;)? e,f pyfa'oESihf wkid ;f &if;om;vlrsdK;rsm;zGUH NzKd ;wd;k wufa&;OD;pD;|merS a'ozGUH NzKd ;rIBu;D Muyfa&;rSL;? jynfe,fOya'csKyfEiS hf &Sr;f jynfe,f wkd;wufa&;ygwD^&Srf;jynfwyfrawmf jynfe,ftqifhNidrf;csrf; a&;aqG;aEG;a&;tzGUJ acgif;aqmifrsm;jzpfaom p0fceG q f idk ?f p0fac; arm0f? p0fausmfv?S tzJUG 0ifrsm;jzpfaom p0fxifred ;f ? p0faqydezf wdo Yk nfjynfe,ftqifyh PmrawGUqHak qG;aEG;yGw J iG &f if;ES;D yGiv hf if; pGmawGUqHkn§dEdIif;aqG;aEG;MuNyD; oabmwlnDcsuf(5)csufudk &Srf;jynfe,ftqifhNidrf;csrf;a&;aqG;aEG;a&;tzGJUacgif;aqmif &Sr;f jynfe,fvNkH cKH a&;ESihf e,fpyfa&;&m0efBu;D Adv k rf LS ;Bu;D atmifol acgif;aqmifaomtzGUJ 0if(5)OD;ESi&hf rS ;f jynfe,fw;kd wufa&;ygwD^ &Srf;jynfwyfrawmfjynfe,ftqifhNidrf;csrf;a&;aqG;aEG;a&; tzGUJ rS A[dak umfrwDp0fceG q f idk af cgif;aqmifaom tzGUJ 0if(5) OD; wdu Yk vufrw S af &;xk;d MuNy;D ESpzf ufacgif;aqmifrsm;tjyeftvSef vJvS,fMuonf/ jynfe,ftqifh yPmroabmwlnDcsuf(5)csufrSm(1) wyfrawmfESifh &Srf;jynfe,fwkd;wufa&;ygwD^&Srf;jynf wyfrawmfwt Ykd Mum; typftcwf&yfp&J efoabmwlonf/ (2) &Sr;f jynfe,fw;kd wufa&;ygwD^&Sr;f jynfwyfrawmfwyfzUJG rsm;udk 0rf[dkif;wGiftajcjyKí vuf&SdjzefYcGJxm;aomae&mrsm;ü ,m,DtajcjyKaexkdif&efoabmwlonf/ (3) ESpfzuftjyeftvSefajymqdkqufqHaqG;aEG;rIrsm;jyKvkyf Ekdif&eftwGuf awmifBuD;? vm;½dI;? cdkvefae&mrsm;wGif ESpfzuf

10

oabmwlnaD omyk*Kd¾ vfrsm;jzifh qufqaH &;|mepcef;rsm;udk xl axmifrnf/ xyfrí H vdt k yfaomae&mrsm;wGif qufvufziG v hf pS f oGm;&ef n§dEdIif;aqG;aEG;oGm;rnf/ (4) ESpfzufoabmwlnDxm;aom e,fajrrsm;rSty e,fajr ausmfvGef vufeufudkifaqmifoGm;vmrIrsm;udk ESpfzufBudKwif n§dEdIif;NyD;aqmif&Gufrnf/ (5) jynfaxmifpt k qifh Nird ;f csrf;a&;aqG;aEG;a&;tzGUJ ESihf &Sr;f jynfe,fw;dk wufa&;ygwD (SSPP) rS Nird ;f csrf;a&;aqG;aEG;a&;t zGJUwdkYonf ESpfzufoabmwlnDaomae&m? oabmwlnDaom tcsdefumvwGif awGUqHkí e,fajrwnfNidrfat;csrf;a&;zGHUNzdK; wdk;wufa&;? wyfzGJU0ifrsm; tajccsaexkdifvkyfukdifpm;aomuf Ekdifa&;ESifh xm0&Nidrf;csrf;a&;&&Sdonftxd qufvufaqG;aEG; &efoabmwlonf[líjzpfonf/ qufvufí jynfaxmifpktqifh Nidrf;csrf;a&;aqG;aEG;a&; tzGUJ acgif;aqmifO;D atmifaomif;acgif;aqmifaom tzGUJ 0if(6)OD; ESifh &Srf;jynfe,fwkd;wufa&;ygwD^&Srf;jynfwyfrawmfNidrf;csrf; a&;aqG;aEG;a&;tzGUJ acgif;aqmif p0fac;wkid ;f acgif;aqmifaom tzGUJ 0if(6)OD;wdo Yk nf oabmwlncD suf(5)csufukd vufrw S af &; xkd;NyD; tzGJUacgif;aqmifrsm; tjyeftvSefvJvS,fMuonf/ jynfaxmifpt k qifh oabmwlncD suf(5)csufrmS (1) 2012ckEpS f Zefe0g&Dv 28&ufaeYu awmifBu;D NrKd UwGif &Sr;f jynfe,f Nidrf;csrf;a&;azmfaqmifa&;tzGJUESifh &Srf;jynfe,fwkd; wufa&;ygwD(SSPP)Nird ;f csrf;a&;azmfaqmifa&;tzGUJ wdYk vufrw S f a&;xd;k cJMh uaom Nird ;f csrf;a&;wnfaqmuf&efyPmroabmwl nDcsufudk twnfjyK&efoabmwlonf/ (2) yifvHkpdwf"mwfudktajccHí jynfaxmifpkrNydKuGJatmifyl; aygif;wnfaqmufa&;? wkdif;&if;om;pnf;vHk;nDñGwfrIrNydKuGJ atmify;l aygif;wnfaqmufa&;ESihf tcsKyftjcmtmPmwnfwhH cdkifNrJatmifyl;aygif;wnfaqmufa&;wdkYudk xm0pOfBudK;yrf; aqmif&GufoGm;&efoabmwlonf/ (3) e,fajra'ozGHUNzdK;wkd;wufa&;twGuf &Srf;jynfe,fwkd; d m;pkrsm;tajccsaexkid f wufa&;ygwD(SSPP) rS tzGUJ 0ifrsm;ESirhf o vkyu f idk pf m;aomufEidk af &;? vlrb I 0jri§ w hf ifa&;vkyif ef;pOfrsm;udk Oya'ESit h f nDtpd;k &ESiyh f ;l aygif;Ny;D aqmif&u G o f mG ;&efoabmwlonf/ (4) rl;,pfaq;0g;ESifh pdwfudkajymif;vJapwwfaom aq;0g; rsm;uif;pifyaysmufa&;twGuf jynfaxmifpt k pd;k &ESiyhf ;l aygif; aqmif&Guf&ef oabmwlonf/ (5) qufvufNyD; xm0&Nidrf;csrf;a&;&&Sdonftxd aqG;aEG; n§dEdIif;rIrsm;jyKvkyfoGm;&ef[líjzpfonf/ awGUqHak qG;aEG;yGt J Ny;D wGif Ekid if aH wmfor®wBu;D rS ay;tyf vdu k af om qeftw d (f 500)? Solar Lamp (50)? SkyNet ½kyo f zH rf; puftpHk(20)wdkYudk tzGJUacgif;aqmif OD;atmifaomif;? 'kwd, tzGUJ acgif;aqmifO;D ode;f aZmfEiS hf tzGUJ 0ifrsm;uay;tyfMu&m &Sr;f jynfe,fw;dk wufa&;ygwD^&Sr;f jynfwyfrawmfNird ;f csrf;a&;aqG; aEG;a&;tzJUG acgif;aqmif p0fac;wkid ;f ? p0fceG q f idk Ef iS t hf zGUJ 0ifrsm; u vufcHMuaMumif;od&onf/ SHADE NEWS

www.shadejournal.com

rauG;NrdKYrSm 'kwd,tBudrfjyKvkyfwJU tDvufxa&mepfESifU vloHk;ukefypönf;rsm; jyyGBJ u;D usi;f y

WINNER Economics Enterprises Services Co.,Ltd rSpp k nf; usif;yaom 2012ckESpf yxrqHk;tBudrfukefpnfjyyGJzGifhyGJtcrf; tem;tm; Zefe0g&Dv(20)&ufaeY eHeuf(8)em&Dcw JG iG f rauG;NrKd U? NrdKUawmfcef;rü usif;yjyKvkyfaMumif;od&onf/ tcrf;tem;odYk rauG;wkid ;f a'oBu;D 0efBu;D rsm; |meqkid &f m tBu;D tuJrsm;? NrKd Ue,fpmayESiphf me,fZif;tzGUJ rSwm0ef&o dS rl sm; ESifhtjcm;zdwfMum;xm;olrsm;wufa&mufí 0efBuD;(3)OD;rS t crf;tem;udk eHeuf(8)em&Dct JG csdeüf zJBuKd ;jzwfziG v hf pS af y;onf/ xdkYaemuf wufa&mufvmolrsm;u ukefpnfjyyGJtcif;t usif;rsm;udkvSnfhywfMunfh½IMuNyD; vl&Tifawmfa&Tzvm;pwm; tzGJU\azsmfajzrIESifh ukefypönf;o½kyfjy&Sif;vif;yGJaw;oDcsif;oD qdak zsmfajzrIrsm;? aysmf&iT pf &m*dr;f tpDtpOfrsm;udMk unf½h t I m;ay; Muonf/ tDvufxa&mepfESifhvloHk;ukefypönf;rsm;jyyGJBuD;udk 20.1.2012 &ufaeYrS 24.1.2012&ufaeYtxdusif;yrnfjzpf aMumif;od&Sd&NyD; aeYpOf eHeuf(9)em&DrS n(9)em&DtxdzGifhvSpf a&mif;csrnfjzpfaMumif;od&onf/ WINNER ukrÜPDu 2012ckESpftwGuf yxrqHk;tBudrf qdkayr,fhrSm ukefpnfjyyGJjyKvkyfjzpfwm 'g[m'kwd,tBudrfyg/ ukepf nfjyyGjJ yKvky&f wJ&h nf&, G cf sufu Customer awGtaeeJY ukef ypön;f awGukd wpfae&mxJrmS pHpk v kH ifvifjrifawGUavhvm0,f,l Ekid af tmif&,f? ypön;f rSe?f aps;rSe½f rkH u y½drk ;dk &Si;f tpDtpOfyg&Sw d m aMumifh wefatmif&&SMd uaprSmjzpfygw,f/ txl;ojzifah wmh ukef f ufay;csifwmt"duyg/ ukef ypön;f awGeYJ Customer awGukd rdwq pnfjyyGJawGvkyfcJhwJhae&mrSm awmifBuD;NyD;&if rauG;utpnf um;qHk;vdkYajym&ygr,f}vdkY WINNER ukrÜPD refae*sif;'g½dkuf wm a':,k,k[efu ajymMum;onf/ Shade MG-02

q,fBudrfajrmuf opfo;D 0vHyef;rmvfjyyGNJ yKd iyf JG rEåav;uefawmfBuD;wGifusif;yrnf rEÅav;NrdKUawmf pnfyifom,ma&;aumfrwDrS q,fBudrf ajrmuf [if;oD;[if;&GufESifh opfoD;0vHyef;rmvfjyyGJNydKifyGJudk azazmf0g&D 12&ufrS 18&uftxd rEÅav;NrKd U? uefawmfBu;D vlxk tyef;ajzO,smOfwGif usif;yrnfjzpfaMumif;od&onf/ jyyGJwGif rEÅav;NrdKUawmfpnfyifom,ma&;aumfrwDyef; O,smOfEiS hf upm;uGi;f rsm;|me? rk;d av0oESiZhf vaA'jycef;? pdu k f ysdK;a&;jycef;? odyEHÜ iS ehf nf;ynmjycef;ESihf pdu k yf sdK;a&;enf;ynmjy cef;? pkpak ygif; (10)cef;jyornfjzpfonf/ NyKd ifyw JG iG f trsdK;tpm; 23rsdK; qkcsD;jri§ rhf nfjzpf&m usif;ya&;OD;pD;aumfrwDu owfrw S f xm;aom [if;oD;[if;&Guf? opfoD;0vHESifh yef;rsdK;pHkudk NydKifyGJ usif;yay;rnfjzpfonf/ rEÅav;NrKd Uawmf pnfyifom,ma&;aumfrwDtaejzifh [if; oD;[if;&Gu?f opfo;D 0vH? yef;tvSpu dk yf sdK;olrsm;? acwfrpD u dk yf sdK; a&;enf;ynm&yfrsm;toH;k jyK&ef pdu k yf sdK;Ekid &f ef? pdu k yf sdK;oltcsif; csif; enf;ynmzvS,u f m &if;ES;D aomrdwaf qGaumif;rsm;jzpfvm ap&efEiS hf jynforl sm;tyef;ajztem;,l&if; opfo;D 0vHyef;rmvf tvSrsm;udk pdwf0ifwpm;vma&mufMunfh½IEkdif&ef &nf&G,fjyo jcif;jzpf&m rEÅav;NrKd Uay:&Sd aw;*DwtzGUJ rsm;\ pifwifazsmfajz rIudk npOfnae 6em&DrS 10em&Dtxd tvSnfhusazsmfajzwif qifryI g pDpOfxm;aMumif;od&onf/ oufatmifjrifh Shade Journal Vol:6,No-6


]xreJx;dk &efb?Ykd pmcsdK;vdYk rSmcJhr,f/ wpfpdwfqef onf aumufn§if;&,feJY? wpfydom qDtrSefoGif;ygvdkY *sif;uoHk; q,f? ajryJjzLavSmfwpfcGuf u,feYJ tke;f oD;twlzufygvdYk ESrf;rysufþenf;ES,f? a&pif Mu,fyxnfh½dk;/ vufESpfopf omy? wGupf pfcg csdew f pfq,f qm;eJY a&maESmum vltrsm; wdkY &,f? tm;opfvdkYxdk;/ refvnfq&mawmfb&k m; Bu;D \ xreJx;kd &eftrSmpmcsdK; udo k ifyek ;f ay:a&;Ny;D uRefawmf wd k Y t zG J U \qk d i f ; bk w f e m;rS m axmifxm;vdkufonf/ xdkt csdefwGif xreJtuJjzwf'dkift zGJU\ toHcsJUpufrS ]owfrSwf csdet f wGi;f Ny;D pD;jcif;(20)rSw?f ta&mifaumif;jcif;? (10)rSw?f teHYaumif;jcif;(10)rSwf? El; eyfr&I jdS cif; (10)rSw?f t&om aumif;rGejf cif; (10)rSw?f pnf; vHk;nDñGwfrI&Sdjcif; (10)rSwf? NyKd ify0JG iforl sm;oef&Y iS ;f oyf&yf rI&Sdjcif; (10)rSwf? wlnD0wf pm;qif,ifjcif; (10)rSw?f ae &mxkdifcif;oefY&Sif;oyf&yfrI&Sd jcif; (10)rSw?f pkpak ygif; (100) rSwEf iS hf avQmrh w S u f owfrw S f csdefxuf (1)rdepfaemufus wkdif; (1)rSwfavQmh? owfrSwf pnf;urf;rsm;udkvdkufem&ef ysufuGufygu(1)rSwfavQmh? NydKifyGJpwif&ef tcsdefray;rD BuKd wifaqmif&u G jf cif;(8)rSwf avQmh}ponfjzifh trSwfay; pnf;rsOf;rsm;zwfMum;aeonf/ 1369ck? wydkYwGJvqef; (14)&ufaeY nae(3)em&D (30) rdepf ü rEÅav;NrKd U trSw(f 9) tajccH y nmtxuf w ef ; ausmif;? ausmif;0if;twGif; wGif trSw(f 2)tajccHynmOD; pD;|me\ e0rtBudrfajrmuf jrefrmh½dk;&mxreJxkd;NydKifyGJBuD; pwif , S O f N yd K if a wmh r nf j zpf onf/ NydKifyGJ0iftzGJUtm;vHk; owfrSwfae&mrsm;wGif NydKifyGJ 0if & ef jyif q if a eMuonf / t.c.n(2)pDrH? t.c.n(2) b@m? t.c.n(2)ynm?

rEÅav;wkdif;a'oBuD; ynm a&;rSL;½Hk;ESifh atmifajrompH? csr;f at;ompH? r[matmifajr? csrf;jrompnf? jynfBuD;wHcGef ponfhNrdKUe,frsm;rS NrdKUe,f ynma&;rSL;½H;k rsm;tygt0if pk pkaygif;(9)zGJUyg0if,SOfNydKifMu onf/ wpfzGJUvQif ynma&; 0efxrf;rsm;jzifh usm;(6)OD;? r (6)OD;ESihf pkpak ygif;(10)OD;yg0if onf/ tzGJUwkdif;wGif tm;ay; rnfyh &dowfu, dk pf yD gNy;D tcsdKU tzGUJ rsm;u tk;d pnf? 'd;k ywf0ikd ;f rsm;ygvmMuonf/ NydKifyGJ0iftzGJUtm;vHk; t oD;oD;ae&m,lNy;D onfEiS hf 'dik f tzGJUrSm NydKifyGJrprDBudKwifppf aq;jcif;rsm;jyKvkyfaeonf/ NyKd ifyaJG umfrwDrx S w k af y;aom aumufn§if;qef? qD? *sif;? tkef;? ajryJqm;avSmf? qm;ESifh ESr;f rsm; pm;yGaJ y:wGijf yoxm; &onf/ tke;f oD;cGjJ cif;? aumuf n§i;f qefa&pdrjf cif;rStytjcm; vkyif ef;rsm; BuKd wifaqmif&u G f xm;jcif;r&Sd&/ vdktyfonfht oH;k taqmifypön;f rsm;udv k nf; NydKifyGJpnf;urf;ESifhtnD udk,fh tpDtpOfESifhudk,f BudKwifpk aqmif ; xm;&S d & onf / rD ; zd k ? ',ft;dk Bu;D ? a,mufrESit hf jcm; ypön;f ypö,rsm;udv k nf; jyo xm;&onf/ oHk;pGJrnfhypönf; rsm; oefY&Sif;rI&Sd? r&Sdudkvnf; BuKd wiftppftaq;cH&onf/ 'dkiftzGJUrS BudKwifppfaq;rI rsm;NyD;oGm;onfESifh NydKifyGJ0if tzGJUtm;vHk; toifhae&m,l vdu k Mf uonf/ tcsufay;c&m oHudkem;pGifhaeMuonf/ xdk tcsdefwGif trSwf(2)tajccH ynmOD;pD;|merS ñTefMum;a&; rSL;csKyfBuD;ESifhwuG {nfhonf awmfBuD;rsm;vnf;<ua&muf vmMuonf/ tcsdefrSmvnf; (3)em&D(30)rdepf&NdS yjD zpfonf/ ]NyKd ify0JG iftzGUJ rsm; ae&m,l} 'kid t f zJUG qDrS trdeo Yf MH um; &onf/ y&dowftm;vH;k wdwf qdwfNidrfoufoGm;Muonf/ odyrf Mumvdu k f tcsufay;c&m oHay:xGufvmonf/ NydKifyGJ

aygufvJiHkwydkhwGJ xreJyGJNcdrfUoJpnf xkdufarmiff(rEÅav;) BuD;pwifvdkufNyDjzpfonf/ t zGUJ tm;vH;k olx Y ufigOD;atmif vIy&f mS ;Muawmhonf/ tk;d pnf 0dkif;? 'dk;ywf0dkif;qDrS toHrsm ay:xGufvmonf/ y&dowf rsm;\vufcyk o f aH tmf[pftm; ay;oHrsm;ESifh xreJxkd;NydKifyGJ BuD; odrfhodrfhvIyfqlnHaeyg awmhonf/ uRefawmfonf xreJx;dk NydKifyGJudk ,cifuy&dowft jzpf o m tm;ay;cJ h z l ; ol j zpf onf/ ,ckvdkudk,fwkdifukd,f us yg0ifqifETJcJhzl;jcif;r&Sd/ uRefawmfhtwGuf þyGJonf yxrqHk;tawGUtBuHKjzpfí pdwfxJrSm a,muf,ufcwf vIyf&Sm;aerdonf/ NydKifyGJxJ xnfhxm;onfqdkuwnf;u xreJx;dk onft h cg vkyaf qmif &rnfhvkyfief;rsm;udk vkdufvH pHpk rf;ar;jref;cJ&h onf/ jrifom jrifzl;onf/ udk,fwkdifrvkyf aqmifzl;ao;taMumifh uRef awmfwt Ykd zGUJ acgif;aqmif q&m rBu;D udak jymjyjzpfonf/ q&m rBu;D \tpDtpOfjzifh xreJx;dk NydKifonfhtcg aqmif&Guf& rnfhvkyfief;rsm;udk tzGJU0if tm;vH;k od&EdS idk &f eftwGuf NyKd if yGJrprD(1)&ufBudKwifNyD; avh usio hf nft h aeESihf aumufni§ ;f (1)jynfjzifh xreJtprf;xkd; MunfhcJhMuonf/ odkYtwGufaMumifh xifyg onf/ uRefawmfwdkYtzGJU wpf a,mufudkwpfa,muf owd ay;p&mrvd k y g/ bmNyD ; vQif bmvky&f rnfqo kd nfh vkyif ef;

tpDtpOfu tzGJU0ifwkdif;\ acgif;xJrSm toD;oD;&SdaeMu onf/ NyKd ifypJG wifonfh tcsuf ay;c&moHMum;vdu k &f onfEiS hf rD;arT;ol? tkef;jcpfol? *sif; axmif;ol? ajryJco JG ?l a&aEG;td;k ? qDt;dk wnfou l tp olw Y m0ef eJo Y v l yk af qmifMuawmhonf/ tcsdet f enf;i,ftwGi;f qD',ftkd;yGufvmonf/ jcpf aeaom tke;f oD;qefuvnf; aMumf&eftwGuf tqifoifh taetxm;a&mufvmonf/ q&mrBu;D u tke;f oD;qHtcsdKU udk,lNyD;aMumfvkdufonf/ t csdKUudk tpdrf;jzL;&efcsefxm; onf/ a&aEG;tkd;vnf;qlvm onf/ *sif;uvnf;axmif;Ny;D NyD/ tkef;oD;qefusufíq,f Ny;D onfEiS hf *sif;aMumfjyefonf/ *sif;enf;enf;EGr;f onfEiS hf a& pdr&f muq,fxm;aom aumuf n§if;qefudkxnfhí a,mufr jzifah MumfvrdS u hf av;vSrd o hf nf/ a&aEG;rxnfhao;/ tkef;oD; qHaMumfESifh ESrf;ajryJtcsdKUudk xnf h o nf / qm;cwf o nf / tawmfav;ESHYatmifarTNyD;rS qlaeaoma&aEG;udkxnfhí arT&jyefonf/xdkYaemufrS a& aEG;udk aumufni§ ;f qeftay: vufEpS o f pfcef(Y q&mrBu;D t ajymt& ig;&HUwajy;)xnfhí iSufaysmf&GuftkyfNyD;tay:u qefaumwifumESyx f m;vdu k f onf/ tm;ay;oly&dowfrsm;xH rS ]*sif;eHYuav;oif;vmNyD}? usufawmhr,fuGBudwfxm;?

]rD;avQmyh g[}ponfah tmf[pf oH? owday;oHrsm;qlnHae onf/ uRefawmfwdkYrSmvnf; acR;wvHk;vHk; &ifwckefckefESifh tvkyfudkom oJoJrJrJaqmif &Gufae&onf/ rnfolYudkrQ *½krpdkuftm;/ y&dowfu w a[;a[;w[m;[m;ESihf tm; ay;vdu k ?f yGMJ uvdu k jf zpfaeonf/ aumufni§ ;f eyfvQif tif ES i f h t m;ES i f h x k d ; &ef t wG u f a,mufrBuD;udkifum wjyif jyifvkyfaeaom uRefawmfwdkY tzGJUrStvGefaysmfwwfol udk 0if;aqGu tk;d pnf0ikd ;f wD;uGuf ESifh uBudK;ESpfuGufoHk;uGuf y&dowfukd ujyaeao;onf/ tuawmfawmfaumif;onf/ aemufEpS f NrKd Ue,f qd?k u? a&;? wD;wGif enf;jytjzpf wm0ef ay;&ef q&mrBuD;(TEO)xH tqd k j yK&rnf [ k uRef a wmf awG;vdkufrdonf/ ESyx f m;aomaumufni§ ;f qefeyfvmNy;D ',ft;dk udak tmuf csvdu k o f nf/ a,mufrBuD; w jyifjyif vkyaf eaomud0k if;aqG ESifh oHk;a,muftwGJ xkd;cef;? Buw d cf ef;pNy;D qifEyJ T gawmhonf/ tk;d pnf0idk ;f ?'d;k ywf0ikd ;f u pnf; csuf E S i f h tnD ud k 0 if ; aqG a,muf rukid x f ;kd ae yHu k tm; ay;oly&dowfyu JG sp&m?tvGef yifMunfah umif; aeao;awmh onf / cPMumawmh ol w d k Y oH;k a,mufwt JG pm;uRefawmf wd k Y t wG J v J M uonf y &d o wf toHuqlnHaeqJ/ ][dktzGJU uusufNyD? 'DtzGJUu usufNyD} ESihf toHrsm; Mum;vm&onf/ uRefawmfwYkd tzGUJ vnf; usuf awmhrnf/acR;NyKd ufNyKd ufxu G f aeaomfvnf; uRefawmfwdkY wpfawGarmyef;zdyY k ifowdrxm; &/ tifwkduftm;wkdufarTae aom uRefawmfwdkYwpfawG\ a,mufrMum;wGiaf usNy;D El;eyf ae aomxreJu uRefawmfwYkd tarmudkajyapcJhonf/ uRef awmf w d k Y t zG J U acgif ; aqmif q&mrBu;D u a&udik &f if;? qm; jrnf;&if;ESihf csefxm;aom ESr;f

ESifhajryJudk xyfíxnfhonf/ oH k ; a,muf t wG J ES p f w G J j zif h wpfqkdif;NyD;wpfqkdif;xkd;cJhMu onfu h Refawmfwt Ykd zGUJ \ xreJ tkd;BuD; usufoGm;NyDjzpfonf/ xkdYtwl tjcm;tzGJUrsm;vnf; usufuek Mf uNy/D cGijhf yKcsdef rdepf (40)twGif; tcsdefrDNyD;pD;Mu ygonf/ bk&m;yGJtwGuf wpfyef; uef? tuJjzwf'ikd t f wGuf wpf yef;uef? {nfhonfawmfBuD; rsm;twGuf wpfyef;uef t oD;oD;cGJa0ydkYNyD;onfESifh vm a&muftm;ay;onfhy&dowf rsm;udk auR;arG;{nfhcH&if; t uJjzwf'ikd \ f qk&tzGUJ aMunm oHudkMum;&onf/ uRefawmf wdt Yk zGUJ r[kw/f atmifajrom pHNrdKUe,f? ynma&;rSL;½Hk;u yxr&onf/ uRefawmfwdkYu eHygwf(5)tqif&h onf/ qkr& aomfvnf; uRefawmfwdkYt vGefaysmfMuonf/ acR;oHw&TJ&TJ? rD;cdk;wvl vl? 'dk;ywfoH? tkd;pnfoHESifh Ncd r f h N cd r f h o J p nf u m;vS a om trSwf(2)? tajccHynmOD;pD; |me\ e0rtBurd af jrmuf jref rmh½;kd &m xreJNyKd ifyBJG u;D uawmh arm&yef;&rSe;f rod aysmf&iT pf mG ESifh ae0if&Dwa&mtcsdefwGif NyD;ajrmufcJhonf/ tdrjf yefa&mufonftxd aysmf&TifrIrsm;u raysmfao;/ t&ifrqdkvQif tckvdktdrfjyef aemufusonft h cgwkid ;f rsuf ESmplykwfykwfESifh atmuftD; wwf o nf h ZeD ; onf q D u d k awmif uRefawmft h aysmf"mwf awGul;oGm;avovm;rod/ NyKH ;pdpt d rlt,mESihf qD;BuKd ae onfudkawGU&onf/ wu,f yJ taysmf"mwfu;l avovm;? 'grSr[kwf q&mrBuD; (uRef awmfwdkYtzGJUacgif;aqmif)u xnfah y;vdu k o f nfh xreJxyk f aMumifah yvm;awmhrod/ uRef awmfxdk;cJhaom xreJvdk ZeD; onfrsufESmav; El;nHhaeyg awmhonf/ xdkufarmif(rEÅav;)

yef;csDcifarmifñGefh(rkd;ukwf)\ Prize yef;csDjyyGJ yHokpE´mwGif cif;usif;jyo yef;csDcifarmifñGefY K.M.Nyunt(Mogok) \ wpfudk,fawmf yef;csDjyyGu J kd rEÅav;NrKd U 78vrf;? 27-28vrf;Mum;&Sd yHopk E´myef; csDjycef;wGif Prize Art Show trnfjzifh Zefe0g&D 19rS 23&ufaeY txdcif;usif;jyoaMumif;od&onf/ jyyGw J iG f pdwcf &D;? yke;f uG,af eaomuHMur®m? awmaps;onf? qk? b0ESiw hf m0ef paomyef;csDum; 20yg0if&m yef;csDum;rsm;udk qDaq;jzifha&;qGJxm;onf/ yef;csDcifarmifñGefY(rkd;ukwf)rSm 1963ckESpfrsm;u &efukefESifhrEÅav;NrdKUrsm;wGif wpfukd,fawmf yef;csDjyyGrJ sm;cif;usif;jyocJNh y;D *syefEidk if w H iG f 2006ckEpS u f acwf NyKd ifyef;csDjyyGu J sif;ycJah Mumif;od&onf/ atmifjrifhjrifh(ppfudkif;) Shade Journal Vol:6,No-6

www.shadejournal.com

11


tu,f'rDyGJwuf0wfpHktwGuf

ra&G;cs,f&ao;wJU rkd;a[udk

at;jrwfojl zpfapcsiw f UJ tu,f'rDyJG

tu,f'rDAef;udik cf iG &Uf wJU ,koEåmwif

at;jrwfoel t YJ u,f'rDtaMumif;ajymjzpfwt hJ cg ]&GKd if&, G f ukrjk 'm[dw k ,frmS wnf;jzpfr,fxifygw,f/ESpw f idk ;f vnf;wnf; aeMuyJav/ yGJwuf0wfpHkupDpOfqJygyJ/ bm0wfjzpfrvJrod ao;ygbl;/ trsdK;orD;Zmwfaqmifqkb,fol&r,fxifovJ qd&k if roufreG ef YJ rvif;ZmenfaZmfvMYkd um;ygw,f/ roufreG u f rtl0JNyD;&if ti,fwef;rSmolayghaemf/ rESpfupdk;jynfh&oGm;wm vnf; ti,fwef;uyJav/ tm;vHk;udk&apcsif ,f}vdkYajymjyNyD; tu,f'rDyw JG uf&wJt h cuftcJuv kd nf;qdck yhJ gw,f/ ]y&dowf bufuMunfh&ifvnf;rSefygw,f/ olwdkYcspfwJhtEkynm&SifawG udk t&rf;awGUcsif?pum;ajymcsif?"mwfyHktwl½dkuf? atmfwdka&; ckid ;f csifMuw,f/uRefawmfwb Ykd ufuvnf;vSvyS y 0wfpm;xm; wmudk vltkyfMum;xJwkd;&wJh'PfudkrvG,fygbl;/ pyGefqmay; xm;wJh &wemawGxJuwkd;&if;a0SY&if; wpfckckjyKwfusoGm;&if rvG,yf g bl;/ rD', D mawGuvnf; "mwfyt kH vS&zdYk tvkt,uf ½dkufMu&w,f/ tm;vHk;u jzpfcsifolawGcsnf;yJqdkawmhjzpfcsif wmeJYjzpfoifhwmrQNyD;vkyf&if ydktqifajyr,fxifygw,f}vdkY tBuH ay;cJh ygw,f/ at;jrwfou l 28&unrSmawmh ud&k efatmif&UJ ½d;I rSm ]tdyf aq;r&S}d oDcsif;udk teDa&mif0wfpekH aYJ zsmfajzcJyh gw,f/ Ed0k ifbmv rSmawmh atmfZDEkdifiHudkwpfvMumazsmfajza&;c&D;xGufr,fvdkY od&ygw,f/ aerif;? NzKd ;aiGp;kd ? cifviId w f yYkd g0ifr,fvo Ykd &d ygw,f/

jrefrmh½kyf&Sifavmu0,f ae&mtcdkiftrm&&Sdxm;olawG xJuwpfO;D tygt0ifjzpfwhJ o½kyaf qmifrav;uawmhr;dk a[udk jzpfygw,f/ol&JUwuf<uwJho½kyfaqmifrIawG?cspfpzG,faumif; wJt h rlt,mav;awGe, YJ aeYtcsdex f yd &dowfuzkd rf;pm;Ekid x f m; qJvnf;jzpfygw,f/ rk;d a[udek YJ Shade*sme,fawGUqHck u dk f ar;jzpf cJhwmav;awGuawmhtck ½ d k u f a ewJ h Z mwf u m;av;u ]aEGO;D avajy}qdw k ZhJ mwfum;av;yg/ 'g½du k w f mñGejfY refrm nDnaD tmifaygh/ 'Dum;rSm jrifjh rwf&UJ cspfoal e&muae yg0ifo½kyf aqmifxm;ygw,f/ ]tcspf B uD ; i,f M um;u uRef a wmf } Zmwf u m;av;u rkd;a[xl;jcm;wJhZmwfaumifp½dkufav;vdkYajymvdkY&rvm;/ [kwfw,f/ 'Dum;av;u xl;jcm;w,fvdkYajymvdkY&ygw,f/ rdwu f yfutpayghaemf/ aoaocsmcsmvdr;f jc,fNy;D vkyx f m;wm qdkawmh udk,fjyefMunfhwJhtcg tHhMordw,f/ pum;vHk;r&SdwJhaumif;uifZmwfum;rSm rkd;a[&JUvkyf uG u f e nf ; w,f v d k Y a jymvd k Y & w,f a emf / [kwfw,f/ udkpkdif;pdkif;? udkajyZifwdkYavmufyJrsm;w,f/ 'D um;rSm rkd;a[&JUvkyfuGufu odyfr&Sdygbl;/ rk d ; a[ud k y &d o wf a wG b mvd k Y Zmwf a wG a wmf a wmf rsm;rsm;eJYvdkufw,fvdkYajymMuw,f/ tJ'Dtay: b,fvkd rk d ; a[&J U xif j rif , l q csuf a v;od y g&ap/ y&dowfawGuawmh xGuforQum;wkdif;vdkvdktm;ay;Mu ygw,f/ y&dowfawGuawmh wpfa,mufwpfrsdK;pDayghaemf/ tJ'D twGuf rkd;a[t&rf;vnf;0rf;omMunfEl;rdygw,f/ tu,f ' rD 0 wf p H k t wG u f t 0wf t pm;'D Z k d i f ; a&G ; cs,f NyD ; NyD v m;/ tckxrd a&G;&ao;ygbl;/ tu,f'rDyu JG w kd ufjzpfrmS yg/ b,f [ d k w ,f r S m wnf ; rS m vJ / tJ'gvnf; twdtusrodao;ygbl;/ xG e f ; xG e f ; 0if ; (yk y Ü g ;)

12

tEkynmysdK;cif;uwifwJhrif;orD;wpfa,muftaeeJY tEkynmwm0efukd b,fvx kd rf;aqmifr,fvpYkd w d u f ;l xm;vJ/ tEkynmwm0eftaeeJYuawmh t&ifwkef;uawmh Model wpfa,mufqakd wmh aMumfjimawG½u kd w f ,f/ r*¾Zif;? *sme,fawG rSm"mwfyHk½dkufw,f/ tck tEkynmysdK;cif;u pifwifyGJxkwfay; wJhtwGuf udk,fhtaeeJYo½kyfaqmifwpfa,muftjzpfeJYxyfNyD; BudK;pm;zdkY tcGifhta&;&vmw,fvdkYxifygw,f/ b,fZmwf½kyfeJYvdkufr,fvdkY udk,fhudk,fudkxifrdvJ/ udk,fu tckcsdefrSmtopfwpfa,mufqdkawmh um½dkufwm awGpakH tmifr½du k zf ;l ao;wJt h wGuf ud, k u hf , kd u f b dk ,fZmwf½yk f eJYvdkufr,fqdkwmrodao;ygbl;/ tu,f'rDAef;udkifcGifh&wJh nDrav;&JUyDwdpum;av;t&rf;vnf;0rf;omrdygw,f/ 'Dvdk tu,f'rDAef;udkifcGifh &wJhtwGuf twkdif;tqrod0rf;omrdygw,f/ t0wf t pm;'D Z k d i f ; a&G ; cs,f N yD ; NyD v m;/ tckawmh a&G;cs,faeygw,f/ b,f0wfpekH aYJ &G;cs,fjzpfrvJ qdkwm aocsmrodao;ygbl;/ xGe;f xGe;f 0if;(ykygÜ ;)

www.shadejournal.com

Shade Journal Vol:6,No-6


2010 taumif;qHk;jrefrmU½kyf&Sifxl;cRefqk tu,f'rDb,folawG&EkdifrvJ 2010ckESpftwGuf taumif;qHk;jrefrmh½kyf&Sifxl;cRefqkudk 2012ckEpS ?f azazmf0g&D 7&ufaeYrmS aejynfawmfwiG u f sif;yoGm; r,fvo Ykd &d ygw,f/ 2011ckEpS t f wGi;f pm&if;0if½w kH if½yk &f iS f 15 um;rSm 'g½dkufwmñGefYjrefrmnDnDatmif&JU ]ewfjzpf&wJh'ku©}? ][wfxdw,f}? ]e,l;armf',f}? ausmufoifykef;awGrkd;xm;wJh tdrf}? ]vmxm;tmbGm;}? 'g½dkufwmnDnDxGef;vGif&JU ]*Gwf&S,f om;ruf}? ]tcspfvm;vmxm;}? 'g½du k w f mcifarmifO;D ? pd;k odr;f xG#f &JU ]bmrDweG }f ? ]yifv,fxufuae0ef;eD}? 'g½du k w f m 0g0g0if;a&T &JU ]&ifbwfBu;D eJcY spfvu kd rf ,f}? 'g½du k w f m0kid ;f &JU ]tm'rf&,f? {0 &,f? 'ó&,f}? 'g½dkufwmrif;tkyfpdk;&JU ]tidkrsufvHk;tNyHK;rsuf ESm}ESihf 'g½du k w f mcifapmrsdK;&JU ]tarhaus;Zl;qyfz;l csifw,f}½kyf &Sirf sm;jzpfMuygw,f/ Zmwfum;trsm;pkrSm [mo½kyf&SifZmwfjrL;rsm;jzpfMuNyD; tu,f'rDqefumwiftjzpf ]tm'rf&,f? {0&,f? 'ó&,f}½kyf &Sifjzifhvnf;aumif;? ]tarhaus;Zl;qyfzl;csifw,f}? ]yifv,f xufuae0ef;eD}? ]tidrk sufv;kH tNyKH;rsufEmS }um;rsm;xJrS qkrsm; &&SdEkdifaMumif;oHk;oyfMuygw,f/ taumif;qHk;trsdK;om;Zmwfaqmif(cefYrSef;)xl;cRefqkt jzpf ajywDOD;u ]tm'rf? {0? 'ó}½kyf&Sifjzifhvnf;aumif;? t aumif;qH;k trsdK;orD;Zmwfaqmif(cefrY eS ;f )qktjzpf oufreG jf rifh u ]tm'rf&,f? {0&,f? 'ó&,f}½ky&f iS f odrYk [kwf ]tarhaus; Zl;qyfzl;csifw,f}½kyf&Sifjzifhvnf;aumif;? taumif;qHk;trsdK; om;ZmwfydkYqk(cefYrSef;)tjzpf ]yifv,fxufuae0ef;eD}½kyf&Sif jzifh a0VKausmfEiS hf ]tm'rf&,f? {0&,f? 'ó&,f}½ky&f iS rf S pdik ;f pdik ;f crf;vdiI w f Ukd vnf;aumif;? taumif;qH;k trsd;orD;(cefrY eS ;f )Zmwf ydkYqktjzpf 0g0gatmifvnf;aumif;? taumif;qHk;'g½dkufwmESifh ZmwfñeT ;f (cefrY eS ;f )qktjzpf 0g0gatmifvnf;aumif; taumif; qH;k 'g½du k w f mESiZhf mwfñeT ;f (cefrY eS ;f )qktjzpf ]tm'rf&,f? {0&,f? 'ó&,f}½kyf&Sifjzifh 0dkif;uvnf;aumif;? taumif;qHk;"mwfyHk Shade Journal Vol:6,No-6

tu,f'rDrsm;&SifOD;Nidrf;rif;ajymwJU

,ckESpf tu,f'rD 2010ckESpftwGuf taumif;qHk;ZmwfñTef;qk&Sif b,fol jzpfEidk rf vJvYkd tu,f'rDrsm;&SiOf ;D Nird ;f rif;udak r;wJt h cg '&mrm um;awGxJuyJ&r,fxifygw,f/tJ'DxJua&G;NyD;ajym&&ifyif v,fxufuae0ef;eD?tarhaus;Zl;qyfz;l csifw,fet YJ idrk sufv;kH tNyKH ;rsufEmS um;awGygyJ/uRefawmfw&Ykd wJEh pS af wGwek ;f u '&mrm rsm;wJah cwfqakd wmh ZmwfñeT ;f tm;NyKd ifraI wGrsm;wmaygh/ 'Dbuf acwfusawmh [moum;awGrsm;NyD;'&mrmum;enf;oGm;w,f/ tJ'DxJua&G;cs,f&wmqdkawmhZmwfñTef;tm;NydKifrIvnf;enf; oGm;ygw,f}vdkYajymwmrdkYtJ'D3um;xJuom&r,fxifygw,f/

(cefYrSef;)qkudk ]yifv,fxufuae0ef;eD}½kyf&SifrSvnf;aumif; &&SdEkdifaMumif; 'g½dkufwmyef;csDpdk;rdk;uvnf;aumif;? taumif; qH;k aemufcaH w;*D(cefrY eS ;f )qktjzpf]tidrk sufv;kH tNyKH ;rsufEmS } ½ky&f iS jf zifh jrefrmjynfausmufprd ;f uvnf;aumif;? taumif;qH;k Zmwfum;(cefrY eS ;f )qkukd ]tm'rf&,f? {0&,f? 'ó&,f}½ky&f iS u f vnf;aumif; taumif;qHk;wnf;jzwf(cefYrSef;)qkudk ]yifv,f xufuae0ef;eD}½ky&f iS rf v S nf;aumif; &&SEd idk af Mumif; ½ky&f iS yf &d owf\tjrifEiS hf ½ky&f iS &f yfuu G w f \ Ykd oH;k oyfcsufwjYkd zifch efrY eS ;f vdYk &ygw,f/ ]t"du wpfajy;aewJu h m;uawmh vwfwavm plyg 'g½du k w f mjzpfaewJh 0dik ;f &JU]tm'rf&,f? {0&,f? 'ó&,f}½kyk &f iS yf g/ HD uifr&meJY½dkufNyD; zvifudkajymif;wJhum;vnf;jzpfw,f/ Zmwfvrf;uvnf; xl;jcm;w,f/ o½kyfaqmifawG&JUtkdufwif awGuvnf;xl;jcm;ygw,f/ tJ'Dum;uyJ qkrsm;pGmudk,loGm; r,fxifygw,f/ 0dkif;u ol,HkMunf&mudk &J&Jajym? &J&J½dkufwJh 'g½du k w f mvnf;jzpfw,f/ ol½u kd w f t hJ 'J ½D yk &f iS u f m;u ½ky&f iS Mf unfh y&dowfawmfawmfrsm;rsm;BuKd ufMuw,f/ 'gayr,fh tu,f'rD qdkwmuawmh ewfBuD;w,fqdkwJhtwkdif; b,folrSBudKrodMu bl;av/ jzpfEidk af cs&Sw d mudk rSe;f Ny;D oH;k oyf&wJo h abmyg/ azazmf 0g&D (7)&ufaeYrmS tu,f'rDcefrY eS ;f rSe?f rrSeo f &d ygawmhr,f/

www.shadejournal.com

13


onfwpfywf we*FaEG Shade pmay0di k ;f zGUJ zdt Yk vSnu hf s wJ h a e&mu Ak ' ¨ * k P f & nf p m MunfhwkdufyJjzpfygw,f/ pm Munfw h u dk &f UJ trnfu Ak'*¨ P k f &nfqdkayr,fh Ak'¨pmayawG omru okw? &opHkvifpGm iSm;&rf;Munfh½IEkdifwJhpmMunfh wkdufyJjzpfygw,f/ rauG;NrdKU&JUtcsuftcsm uswJah e&mrSm&Sw d ,fqakd yr,fh ykn0wDausmif;wdkufxJrSmrdkY wul ; wu0if r S a &muf & S d w J h ae&mjzpfaeavawmh pmtkyf awGpHkvifoavmuf pmMunfh wkdufudk0ifa&mufol enf;yg; aewmudak wGU&ygw,f/ pmMunfw h u dk q f w kd mpmay 0goem&Siaf wG?A[kow k &SmazG &,lvdkolawGtwGuftm;udk; tm;xm;jyK&mokw? &obPf wk d u f B uD ; yg/ od k Y a omf v nf ; pmay0goem&Sit f awmfrsm;rsm; [m pmMunfhwkdufqdkwmeJY cyf pdr;f pdr;f jzpfaewmuawmhrjzpf oifw h v hJ aJG csmrIwpfcyk gyJ/ wpfae&mxJrmS pmayvkid ;f rsdK;pHkudk tvG,fwul&SmazG& ,lEkdifovdk aiGukefaMu;us vnf;r&SdoavmufyJrdkY bm aMumifrh sm;tHacsmaeMuwmvJ awG;rd&UJ / ydu k q f eH ifeh ifeh eJ aJ y; Ny;D iSm;&wJph mtkyt f iSm;qkid u f pmtkyw f pftyk if mS ;&if? zwf½cI iG hf uwpf&ufxyJ g/ &ufausmf&if &ufveG af Mu;ay;&ygw,f/ pm MunfhwkdufrSmiSm;&if tenf; qHk;wpfywfavmufay;zwf Muwmrsm;ygw,f/ rNyD;ao;

14

&ifvnf; tyfNyD;rSjyef,ljzpf wmyJ / wpf & uf z wf c b,f avmufwdkY? &ufvGefaMu;wdkY vnf; ew¬d? 'geJYrsm;pmMunfh wkdufeJYqufqHzdkYbmaMumifh rsm;owådrJhMuwmvJvdkY rcsifh r&Jjzpfryd gw,f/ pmMunfhwkdufudk pepfw usyJhukdifEkdifwJh pmMunfhwkduf rSL;vnf;&Sd? pmMunfhtwkduf tay: tcsdeaf wGay;Ny;D 0dik ;f &H aeolawGvnf;&Sd? pmtkyfpm wrf;awGvnf; tpHt k vif&ydS g vsufeYJ bmaMumifrh sm; pmMunfh wkduftzGJU0ifenf;yg;ae&wm vJqdkwJhtajzwpfckudkawmh cyfa&;a&;jzpfryd g&JU/ bke;f Bu;D ausmif;xJrdkY 0if&rSmr&JvdkY qdk wJhtajzyg/ 'gaMumifh vrf; rsuf E S m pmbuf u d k t jref q H k ; ajymif;a&TUzGifhvSpfekdifygapvdkY qE´jyKrdygw,f/ (62)Budrfajrmuf pmay 0dkif;udkwufa&mufvmolrsm; u OD;wifE?k vGr;f xm;(rauG;) {ZH(atmifolNidrf;-rauG;)? yef;cso D &l ed Nf rKd i?f aejcnf(rauG;)? wifvif;aZmf? a&T,if;ajrcif pHy,fjzL? cifarmifMuif(opf&m aumuf)? vGr;f &(rauG;)? Ekid f ,ka0(rauG;)? rsKd ;aZmf(rauG;)? aemfvu D (kd rauG;)? udak Zmfrif; Munf? udck ifatmifnrd ;f ? yef;csD jrifah ZmfO;D wdjYk zpfMuygw,f/ onfwpfywfawmh Shade 0dkif;awmfom;awGudk ykn0wD ausmif;wkduf w&m;pcef;0if a,m*DawGet YJ wl xrif;auR; 'gejyKcsifw,fqdkwmaMumifh

reuf 10em&D c G J u wnf ; u a&muf&adS eMuwmyg/ 'gaMumifh reufydkif;rSmyJ pmay0dkif;zGJUjzpf Muygw,f/ q&mBu;D rauG;0if;jrifu h ]av;pm;tyfygaom pmayrdwf aqGrsm;cifAsm/ 'Dwpfywf&w dS f pum;0kdif;odkY udpöav;rsm;r NyD ; jywf y gí aemuf w pf y wf we*FaEGusrS wufa&mufEkdif ygrnfcifAsm;/ usef;rmícsrf; omMuygap/ r*Fvmyg/ av; pm;pGmjzifh...rauG;0if;jrifh}qdk wJph mwpfapmif ud, k pf m;jyKap vTwfcJhwmaMumifh yef;csDjrifh aZmfOD;u tJ'DpmudkzwfjyNyD; 0dik ;f zGiyhf gw,f/ onf w pf y wf t wG u f wm0ef,lxm;olrsm;u uAsm q&mvGr;f &(rauG;)eJaY &T,if; ajrcifpHy,fjzLwdkYyJjzpfMuyg w,f/ uAsmawGeJYaysmfarGUol yDyD vGrf;&(rauG;)u ½kkyf&Sif atmifvHr*¾Zif;rSm azmfjyyg

&SdwJh aemif0if;xGef;&JU]tarh tw¬Kyw Ü o då pf}qdw k hJ rdcifarwåm zGUJ uAsmwpfy'k u f kd rk't f jynfeh YJ &Gwfjyygw,f/ ]om;wdaYk & 'Dnae aendK apmif;&if tarhudk&Gmacsmif; jyifxkwf? BudK;eJYwkyf? "m;ckwf owfMuawmhr,f/ 'gayr,fh av tarao&rSmraMumuf ygbl;/ rku d ½f ;l &Jpum;eJaY ojcif; w&m;udk tom;,lajymwm vnf ; r[k w f y gbl ; aemf / w u,fygav tarao&rSmr aMumufygbl;/ bk&m;pl;&csnfh &JU/ 'gayr,fh a[m'Dvv kd jYl ynf udkckrSa&mufzl;wJh om;wdkY&JU a&SUa&; tarb,fvdkawG;NyD; pd w f a t;Ek d i f y gh r vJ / arG ; u wnf;u qif;&JwGif;eufcJhwJh b0 'kuv © v S u S kd tarhvrkd Q,l b,fou l jyKpk *½kpu kd Mf unfjzL y? tazqdo k u l vnf;r&Sad wmh ydkNyD; tartaorajzmifhwm aygh .. . . . . .}

www.shadejournal.com

uAsmq&maemif0if;xGe;f u aojcif;w&m;eJYrvGJraoG &ifqidk &f awmhr,ft h ajctae rS m awmif ol Y o m;av;awG aMumifh taorajzmifjh zpf&wJh rdcifwpfa,muf&JUaomueJY uAsmudpk zGix hf m;wmyg/ uAsm &Snf&JUoHk;csdK;ESpfcsdK;avmufrSm rS vlom;rdcifr[kwb f J ]acG;r BuD ; wpf a umif j zpf a Mumif ; } tararG;wJh om;oHk;aumif wpfaumifujzLwkwfwkwfu olYtaz½kyf? tpm;ykkyfwmu vnf;twlwl? xrif;&nfyl vnf;rvQuf? xrif;Murf;cJ vnf;rruf? (tn§t D a[muf av;zuf r S ) pd w f y suf p &mt aumif? olqmavmif&if tm acguf u k w f j cpf atmf [ pf i d k wwfvdkY? 'gaMumifhrdkY 'gaMumifh rdkY om;wdkYpm;zdkYta&; 'ku©r awG;? ab;ra&G;? aps;xJudk oGm; taoG;tom;&J&JeJYt om;wpfwu JG kd . . . . .}qdw k hJ t a&;tzGJUeJY pmzwfoludk tod ay;xm;ygw,f/ ]acG;olc;kd rpm&if; toGi;f cH&if; om;awGtwGuf touf udyk "merxm;bJ ]tarhrmS &ef awGywfywf&H? tEÅ&m,fawG txyfxyf? tarhurkd &d ifowf zdkY yg;pyfuvnf;Budrf;? odrf; xm;wJ"h m;udak oG;? tcsderf a&G; apmifMh unf?h 'gawGut kd art ukefodaew,f}qdkygvsufeJY om;aZmuyfNyD; tom;wGJudk tvpf0iftqGrJ mS *kwaf y:"m; 0JcHvdkuf&wJhtjzpftysufudk a&;zGJUxm;yHku rdcifarwåmudk

½kyfvHk;<uapcJhygw,f/ 'Pf&mtemw&Mum;u om;awGuw kd rf;wyH?k a&;zGUJ wJh ae&mrSmvnf; ]xkd;vdkufwJh vScH suf? &ifxu J aoG;yGuyf u G f tefxu G ?f emusifccH uf&if; &ef zufvufwiG ;f u wtif;tif; ½kef;x? ukef;x owd&vkduf wm? owd&vdkufwmom;wdkY &,f ? om;wd k Y q maeMurS m yJ aemf? tarjyeftvmudak rQmaf e MuawmhrmS yJaemf}vdYk qmavmif pGmeJY rdcifjyeftvmudk arQmaf e Muayr,f h acG ; uav;awG ? a0'emudkrcsdrqefYcHpm;&if; aemufqefwif;ae&SmwJah cG;r BuD;&JUyHk&dyf? wdwfqdwfpGmem; axmifcpH m;aeMuqJrmS vGr;f& (rauG;)&JUrsuf0ef;rSm rsuf&nf pawGeyYJ gvm; . . . .} ]a*:uD u d k aemuf x yf wpftyk ?f tar0w¬Kwpfy'k af &; ckid ;f csifw,f}qdw k mav;eJY t qH;k owfxm;wJh aemif0if;xGe;f &JUuAsmrSmpD;arsmMutNyD;rSm awmh t&Suaf jyrsuf&nfow k f ae&SmwJh vGrf;&(rauG;)udkpm empGmeJYyJ rjrifa,mifjyKvkduf Muygw,f/ csjyrQa0zdkY xyfrHtvSnfh usol a&T,if;ajrcifpHy,fjzL u ausmif;q&mrwpfOD;jzpf wmeJt Y nD ausmif;q&mudu k kd 0if;&JU ]b0tarmxJu tvS oabmawGudk&SmazGjcif;}qdk wJph mtkyx f u J ]½IjrifyEkH iS chf pH m; csuf}aqmif;yg;av; oabm awGUvdkY rQa0csifygw,fvdkUqdk pmrsufESm(15)okdY

Shade Journal Vol:6,No-6


pmrsufESm(14)rS tquf vmygw,f/ wpfa,mufew YJ pfa,muf ½IjrifyckH sif;rwlvcYkd pH m;csufcsif; rwlbJtaMumif;av; b0eJY EdIif;,SOfNyD;a&;xm;wmygwJh/ a'gufwmay:jrifOh ;D \ a' oem"r®oabmxm;rsm;aMumifh a0'emb0tarmrsm;ajyavsmh apcJw h (hJ pmtkyt f ay:rSmxm;&Sd aom)oabmxm;½IjrifyHkcsif; rwlní D cHpm;csufjcif;uGjJ ym;? vGrJ mS ;pGmcH,cl rhJ yd u kH akd &;zGUJ xm; wJah qmif;yg;wpfy'k v f q Y k d yk d gw,f/ a'gufwmay:jrifhOD;[m Ak'¨*kPf&nfpmMunfhwkdufzGifh vSpEf ikd af &;twGuf pmtkyrf sm; rwnf v S L 'gef ; ol j zpf w ,f / Ak'¨? "r®pmayrsm;udk 0,f,lpk aqmif;avhvmzwf½o I jl zpfwhJ tavQmuf pmtk y f r sm;pG m pk aqmif;&&Sdxm;wJhtwGuf Ak'¨ "r®pmMunfw h u dk u f v kd LS 'gef;cJo h /l vSL'gef;wJhtcgrSmvnf; pmtk y f a wG t ay:xm;&S d w J h oabmxm;u rdrdzwf½INyD; jzpfvdkY wjcm;olawGudkrQa0 zwfapvdw k phJ w d ef v YJ LS 'gef;wm jzpfwJhtwGuf pmtkyfawGt ay:wG,fwmpdwfr&SdawmhbJ? zwf½IvdkolawG b,fyHkb,f enf;eJYyJ&,lonfjzpfap? pdwf 0ifpm;rIr&Sad wmhaMumif; pmtkyf udk&,loGm;olawG[m zwf½I vdkí,lonf[k oabmxm; ojzif h ol Y t aejzif h a useyf aMumif;?uk, d v f LS xm;wJph mtkyf aysmufq;kH oGm;&ifvnf;ESajrm wojzpfraebJ xyfrv H LS 'gef; zd k Y p d w f u l ; &S d a Mumif ; ol Y & J U aESmifBuKd ;rJt h vSLtay:ausmif; q&mudkudk0if;[m tm;uspH erlem,lcJholjzpfcJhyHkukd a&SUykid ;f rSma&;zGUJ xm;ygw,f/ aemufyikd ;f rSmawmh a'guf wmay:jrifhOD;eJYEdIif;,SOfNyD; olY t,ltq? tpGJtvrf;awG tay: t&Suf&rdoljzpfcJhyHkudk ]trSet f wkid ;f ajym&vQif uRef

Shade Journal Vol:6,No-6

awmfu pmayudk 0goemyg ouJhodkY pmtkyfrsm;udk cspfyg onf/ aus;&GmpmMunfhwkduf wGif wm0efct H jzpf aqmif&u G f NyD; pmMunfhwdkufzGHUNzdK;a&;udk aqmif&u G af eoljzpfygonf/ xdkodkYaqmif&Gufaeckduf pdwt f aESmuft,Sut f jzpfq;kH udprö mS pmtkyif mS ;olrsm;\pnf; urf;rJrh yI ifjzpfygonf/ pmtkyf iSm;NyD; owfrSwf&uftwGif; jyefrydjYk cif;? a&pd?k pkwNf yaJ ysmuf qH;k jcif;ESit hf Burd Bf urd Bf uKH awGU &onf/ xdkodkYpmtkyfESifhywf oufí &ify?l aomua&mufchJ &ojzifh a'gufwmay:jrifOh ;D \ a'oemr®oabmxm;aMumifh a0'emtarmrsm;udak jyavsmh apcJyh gonfw/hJ wu,fawmh ½IjrifyHkjcif; rwlí? rNrJonfudkNrJ&onf [kcH,lNyD; qkyfukdifxm;rdí yl avmifaeol? rNrJonfudkrNrJ rSe;f odNy;D vTwv f u dk í f ylavmif jcif;r&Sdol? jyóemwpf&yft ay:wGif½IjrifyHkjcif;uGJjym;o avmuf cHpm;csufjcif;jcm;em; oG m ;aMumif ; a&;zG J U xm;wJ h aqmif;yg;wpfy'k yf jJ zpfygw,f/ Ak'*¨ P k &f nfpmMunfw h u dk f rSL;OD;wifEku pmMunfhwkdufeJY ywf o uf w J h a qmif ; yg;av; jzpfwJhtwGuf olYtjrifolYo abmtwkid ;f ajymjy&mrSmawmh pmtkyv f LS 'gef;olepYJ mMunfw h u dk f rSmwm0ef&o dS w l &Ykd UJ oabmxm; vkyaf qmifcsufrwlEidk af Mumif; pmtk y f v S L 'gef ; ol u vS L NyD ; ausmck d i f ; vd k Y j zpf a yr,f h pm Munfw h u dk w f m0ef&o dS u l awmh pmMunfhwkdufa&&Snf&yfwnf Ekdifa&;twGuf rNrJrSef;odyg &ufeJY t,lcHNyD;qkyfudkif&ol awGjzpfygw,fvdkY umuG,f ajymqdkoGm;wJhtwGuf 0dkif; awmfom;wpfO;D jzpfol udak Zmf rif;Munfu ]ausmif;q&mudk ud0k if;odygap}wJ/h

reufcif;? yJpif;iHkaps;uGuf? wefydk*dwfaMumifU at;puf ]tpfrBuD; uRefawmfajymom;yJ? tpuwnf;u 0gMunhf csifMunfyh gvd?Yk yJrmS u tarSmaf wGursm;aewm} ]pufcw JG muESpaf e&mvky&f wmav/ wpfpufuoefw Y ,f/ aemufwpfpufuawmh enf;enf;trdu I yf gcsifw,f/ pufawGu rsm;awmh tm;emvdkYcGJBudwf&wm? tvdkvdkrStxGufEIef;uenf; aps;EIef;urvdkuf? wifjcif;oma&mvdkYuawmhjzifh . . .} yJrsdK;pHka&mif;0,fa&;yGJ½Hkwpfcku awmifolawGpdwfyifyef; aerIux kd if[yfaponf/ 'Dtcsdeo f nf yJpOf;iHak y;csderf Ykd v,fuikd ;f ? yGijhf zLbufrrS auG;odv Yk ma&mif;csaom&moDjzpfonf/Zefe0g&D21 &ufaeYypJ Of;iHak ygufaps;rSm wpfwif;vQif 15500 usyf jzpfonf/ ukeu f m;cawGaps;Bu;D tvkyo f rm;cawGaps;wuf? aps;EIe;f usr& tppt&m&mawmifolawGrSmepfemaeonf/ um;orm; awGuvnf;wefy*kd w d af wG tqifq h ifjh zwfae&awmh um;cawG wuf,lMu&onf/ OD;pGmyxr auGUa&Smifvrf;awGrSoGm;aomf vnf; ,cktcg qifa*gif;jzwfvrf;uoGm;r&awmh pukr*S w d zf iG hf aumufcaH eNy;D um;rsm;tjynft h pHrk xGuEf ikd jf zpf&onf/ awmif olawGxH ,mOfcydak wmif;cHvm&onf/][drk mS wifa&mif;w,fqkd awmh rauG;eJYuaps;uGmw,fav? wpfawif;aumif; 1400d^ avmufydkawmhiydzdk;? qm;zdk;&&vma&mif;&wmyJ/ 'DESpftxGuf EIef;u &moDOwkuvnf;azmufjyeftzsufydk;uusqdkawmh (6)

wif;EIe;f avmufy&J w,f/ vkyt f m;c uwpfa,mufukd 3000d^? wpfaeukefrSwpfwif;?wpfwif;cGJyJ&awmhwGufacsrudkufbl;? uRefawmfwdkYu rauG;wkdif;a'oBuD; rSmwefydk*dwfawGuae&m wkdif;rSmvdkvdkzGifhxm;wmrsm;awmh?um;c awGaps;wufukefwm xufum;i,fav;awGrxGufEkdifawmhwmaygh/ aps;uGufu rauG;rSm&Sw d m? ewfarmufzufuqdw k efy&kd adS e awmh vmra&mif; Muawmhbl;?[dkrSwifaps;uGufjzpfoGm;w,f/ NrdKUopfbufu vnf;ewfarmufudkyJoGm;a&mif;Muw,f?yJaxmywfawmifvm a&mif;Muawmhr,frxifb;l }[ky½JG ykH ikd &f iS u f vnf;ta&mif;t0,f at;&jcif;udk b0ifrusjzpfaeonf/ rk;d av0oazmufjyefreI YJ yd;k usjcif;u awmifoal wGtwGuf ydkí xdckdufaponf/ awmifwGif;e,fbufwGif txGufEIef;oifh cJah yr,fh acsmuf? rauG;? a&eHacsmif;? rif;bl;? rif;vSe,frsm;wGif (6)wif;EIe;f cefo Y mxGuí f rif;wyfwiG f tjrpfrsm;yd;k udu k rf aI Mumifh tyifvkdufysufpD;onf[kMum;&onf/ &moDrSef? rdk;av0orSef? tzsufydk;yguif;ygrS awmifolawGtouf½SLacsmif&onf/ 'g awmifaps;aumif;&ygrS? aps;uvnf; oD;ESHay:csdefwGif aps;us wwfNyD; ukefypönf;&Sm;yg;rS aps;wuf&dyfjyonf/ o,f,lp&dwf awGuvnf; BuD;rIaMumifh awmifolawGrSm a<u;rsm;xyfrSmudk &wufrat;jzpfaeyHkudk jrifawGUcJh&ygawmhonf/ OD;(rauG;)

'kwd,tBudrf NrdKYe,fvHk;uRwfqkdif&m Ak'¨bmom,Ofaus;vdr®mrsdK;qufopf"r®oifwef; atmifjrifpGmusif;yEkdif&ef q&m? 'g,um aqG;aEG;wkdifyif 22.1.2012 we*FaEGaeY eHeufyidk ;f (10)em&Dtcsdew f iG f rauG; NrKd U? atmifajr&wemausmif;wku d f em,uq&mawmfO;D 0drv OD;aqmifaom pmoifpmcs em,uq&mawmfrsm;? uyfausmfq&m awmfO;D oZÆeESiOhf ;D pD;aqmif&u G Mf urnfh 'g,umrsm;jzpfMuaom OD;vSqef;({urÇm)? OD;at;ud(k atmifurÇm)? OD;jr0if;(avmu pmay)? OD;csdKrif;atmif? OD;cifarmifjzL(aps;)? udo k uf? udck ifaZmf (tkdifpDwD)? udkvif;(um;abmf'D)? udkZmenf? udkatmifrsdK;xGef;? udk0if;Ekdifapm? udkMunf0if;(aumif;om)tp&Sdojzifh wuf<u aomvli,frsm;yg0ifum oifwef;jzpfajrmufa&;twGuf aqG; aEG;cJhMuonf/ aqG;aEG;qHk;jzwfcsufrsm;t& oifwef;umvudk(9)&uf owfrSwfNyD;? tcsdeftm;jzifh {NyDvukefykdif;(27.4.2012)ESifh arv qef;(10.5.2012)Mum; ,m,DowfrSwfí oifwef;udk reufydkif; wpfcsdef? naeydkif;wpfcsdefcGJjcm;owfrSwfonf/ reufykdif;oif wef;csdefudk (7)em&DrS (12)em&DxdjzpfNyD; oifwef;om;rsm;udk 5? 6? 7? twef;rsm;rS ausmif;om;rsm;owfrSwfonf/ aeYvnfwGif(1)em&DrS (6)em&DtxdowfrSwfNyD; oifwef; om;rsm;udk 9? 10 txufwef;rS wuúodkvfrsm;tqifhxd vuf cHoifMum;ay;rnfjzpfaMumif;od&onf/ OD;(rauG;) wpfcgwpf&H wpfzufudk tm;emNy;D awmh ud, k v f yk &f r,fh tvkyfudk udk,frvkyfawmhbJ tm;emNy;D wpfzufvu l t kd vkyf cdkif;wJhtcg vGJacsmfrIawGBuHK awGU&wwfyHk? ae&mwumrSm

q&mBu;D rvkyo f ifah omfvnf; q&mBuD;vkyf&r,fhae&mwGif q&mBuD;yJvkyf&r,f/ udk,feJY udkufnDr,fhtvkyfudkudk,fyJ vkyf&rSmjzpfNyD; wpfzufom; udkiJhnmNyD; ae&may;vdkufyg

www.shadejournal.com

u ae&mrrSefbJrSm;Ekdifw,f} qdkwJhoabmw&m;udka&;zGJU xm;wJh ausmif;q&mudu k 0kd if; &J U ]ud k , f v k y f & rnf h t vk y f ud k , f y J v k y f } aqmif ; yg;ud k qufvufzwfjyrQa0oGm;wJh

a&T,if;ajrcifpHy,fjzL&JUt vSnfhtNyD;rSm 0kdif;awmfom; awG oabmxm;udk,fpDcsjy Mu&if; onfwpfywf Shade pmay0dik ;f av;yGo J rd ;f cJyh gw,f/ 0d k i f ; awmf o m;wpf O D ;

15


jynfaxmifpkBuHYckdifa&;ESifU zGHY NzdK;a&;ygwDtxl;tpnf;ta0;(2012) usif;y jynfaxmifpBk uUH ckid af &;ESizhf UHG NzKd ;a&;ygwD txl;tpnf;ta0; (2012)tcrf;tem;udk aejynfawmf&dS jynfaxmifpBk uUH cdik af &;ESihf zGHUNzdK;a&;ygwD|mecsKyf½Hk; tpnf;ta0;cef;rBuD;ü Zefe0g&Dv (21)&ufaeYrS (22)&ufaeYtxdusif;yjyKvkyo f nf/ jynfaxmifpBk uUH cdik af &;ESihf zGUH NzKd ;a&;ygwDtxl;tpnf;ta0; (2012)tcrf;tem;udk Zefe0g&Dv(21)&ufaeY eHeuf (9)em&Dtcsed f wGipf wifjyKvky&f m eHeufyidk ;f wGif obmywdtjzpf jynfaxmifpk BuUH ckid af &;ESizhf UHG NzKd ;a&;ygwD 'kw, d Ouú| ol&OD;a&Tref;uaqmif &GuNf y;D ? ygwDtaxGaxGtwGi;f a&;rSL;ESihf A[dt k vkyt f rIaqmif? tvkyt f rIaqmifrsm;? jynfov Yl w T af wmfEiS hf trsdK;om;vTwaf wmf rS ygwD0ifukd,fpm;vS,frsm;? wkdif;a'oBuD; jynfe,f? c½dkif? NrdKU e,fygwDrsm;rSm uk, d pf m;vS,rf sm;? zdwMf um;xm;olrsm;? ygwD|me csKyfrSwm0ef&Sdolrsm; pkpkaygif; tiftm;(810)OD;pHknDpGmwuf a&muf M uonf / tcrf ; tem;tpD t pOf r sm; t& obmywd ol&OD;a&Tref;u tzGit hf rSmpum;ajymMum;onf/ xdkYaemuf jynfaxmifpkBuHUckdifa&;ESifhzGHUNzdK;a&;ygwD taxG axGtkyfcsKyfa&;rSL; OD;a|;OD;u ygwDqdkif&mrsm;udk &Sif;vif;rSm Mum;onf/ ,if;aemuf ucsifjynfe,f? u,m;jynfe,fESifh u&ifjynfe,f jynfaxmifpBk uUH ckid af &;ESizhf UHG NzKd ;a&;ygwDwrYkd S uk, d f pm;vS,rf sm;ucsrSwx f m;aoma&SUvkyif ef;pOfrsm;tay:taumif txnfazmfaqmif&u G Ef id k rf t I ajctaersm;tm;wifjyaqG;aEG;onf/ ¤if;aemuf rGe;f vGyJ idk ;f 1em&Dtcsdew f iG f txl;tpnf;ta0; (2012)tcrf;tem;jyefvnfusif;y&m jynfaxmifpkBuHUckdifa&; ESizhf UHG NzKd ;a&;ygwDA[dt k wGi;f a&;rSL;OD;aomif;u obmywdtjzpf aqmif&u G o f nf/ tpDtpOft& yJc;l wkid ;f a'oBu;D (ta&SUydik ;f )? rauG;wkdif;a'oBuD;? rEÅav;wkdif;a'oBuD;? jynfaxmifpke,f ajr? rGefjynfe,f? &cdkifjynfe,fwdkYrS udk,fpm;vS,frsm;u quf

vufaqG;aEG;wifjyMuNy;D yxraeYtxl;tpnf;ta0;udk rGe;f vGJ 2em&DwiG &f yfem;onf/ jynfaxmifpkBuHUcdkifa&;ESifh zGHUNzdK;a&;ygwD txl;tpnf;t a0;(2012)'kw, d aeY tcrf;tem;tpDtpOfukd Zefe0g&Dv(22) &ufaeY eHeuf(8)em&DtcsdefwGif pwifusif;y&m taxGaxGt wGi;f a&;rSL;OD;a|;OD;utpnf;ta0;obmywdtjzpfaqmif&u G o f nf/ tpDtpOft& &efukefwkdif;a'oBuD;? &Srf;jynfe,f(awmif ydik ;f )? &Sr;f jynfe,f(ta&SUydik ;f )? &Sr;f jynfe,f(tv,fyikd ;f )? &Sr;f jynfe,f(ajrmufykdif;)? jynfaxmifpkBuHUckdifa&;ESifhzGHUNzdK;a&;ygwD rsm;u ukd,fpm;vS,frsm;u aqG;aEG;wifjyMuonf/ ¤if;aemuf A[dt k wGi;f a&;rSL; OD;wifxw G rf S ygwDzUJG pnf;yHt k ajccHpnf;rsOf;udk &Sif;vif;wifjyonf/ xdkYaemuf A[dktwGif;a&;rSL; OD;atmifaomif;rS Mum;jzwf a&G;aumufyGJatmifEkdifa&;qkdif&mrsm;udk &Sif;vif;wifjyNyD; A[dk tvkyt f rIaqmifO;D ode;f aqGrS vuf&EdS idk if aH &;tajctaersm;udk &Si;f vif;aqG;aEG;onf/ rGe;f vTyJ idk ;f 11 em&Dct JG csdew f iG f 'kw, d aeY 'kwd,ydkif;tpDt pOfjyefvnfpwifusif;y&m obmywdtjzpf ol&OD;a&Tref;uaqmif&Gufonf/ tpDtpOft&taxGaxG twGi;f a&;rSL; OD;a|;OD;uygwDpnf;½H;k a&;qkid &f mrsm;ud&k iS ;f vif; aqG;aEG;rSmMum;onf/ qufvufíygwDtaxGaxGtwGif;a&; rSL;OD;a|;OD;utpnf;ta0;Bu;D rSrw S w f rf;wifjcif;(3)&yf?twnf jyKjcif;(1)&yf?qH;k jzwfcsuf(1)&yfut kd pnf;ta0;wufa&mufvm Muaomud, k pf m;vS,t f m;vH;k \oabmxm;qE´u&kd ,lNy;D twnf jyKaMumif;aMujimonf/ obmywd ol&OD;a&Tref;u ed*;kH csKyftrSmpum;ajymMum;Ny;D a<u;aMumfoHrsm;jzifh tcrf;tem;tm; atmifjrifpGm½kwfodrf;cJh aMumif;owif;&&Sdonf/

16

rauG;wkdif;a'oBuD;? wkdif;&if;aq;ynmOD;pD;|me? rauG; wkdif;&if;aq;½HkBuD;\ BuD;Muyftpnf;ta0;udk Zefe0g&Dv 23 &uf? eHeuf (10)em&Dtcsdefu wkdif;&if;aq;½HkBuD; aq;½Hktkyf½Hk; ceff;wGifusif;yjyKvkyfaMumif;od&onf/ tqdyk gtcrf;tem;udk aq;½HBk u;D Muyfa&;tzGUJ Ouú|? rauG; wkid ;f a'oBu;D tpd;k &tzGUJ vlraI &;0efBu;D OD;atmifausmfrif;wuf a&muftrSmpum;ajymMum;NyD; aq;½HktkyfOD;atmifpdk;u rauG; wkid ;f &if;aq;½H\ k orkid ;f ? aq;½H\ k ukoa&;vkyif ef;rsm;? a&SUaqmif &Gurf nfv h yk if ef;rsm;udk &Si;f vif;wifjyum wkid ;f a'oBu;D OD;pD;rSL; a':MuLMuLu vkt d yfonfrsm;udk qufvuf&iS ;f vif;wifjyonf/ qufvufí &efuek Nf rKd U? ouFe;f uRef;NrKd Ue,f? ok"r®rPdaZm w"& OD;Munfarmif+a':at;jrifh(xGef;rdom;pkopfpufESifhtdrf aqmufypön;f a&mif;0,fa&;)rS usyfwpfoed ;f ? rauG;NrKd Uaps;&yf? OD;0if;jrif(h rauG;0if;jrif)h +a':jrifjh rifah r(arwåm&Siaf q;wdu k )f rS usyfwpfodef;aq;ya'omyiftwGufvSL'gef;onfudk vlrIa&; 0efBu;D OD;atmifausmfrif;rS vufc&H ,lí *kPjf yKrSww f rf;rsm; jyef vnfay;tyfonf/ xdaYk emuf 0efBu;D ESit hf zGUJ onf wkid ;f &if;aq;½HBk u;D wGif wuf a&mufukoaeonfh vlemrsm;tm;Munfh½Ií tm;ay;pum;ajym Mum;cJhaMumif;owif;&&Sdonf/ Shade MG-02 bm;q&mqdw k m qyfuyfynm&Siu f akd c:wmyg/ obiftpk tpnf;xJrmS ygygw,f/ qdAk , D ufjyef OD;armifarmifvkd yxrwef; tzGUJ Bu;D rS qufvufxed ;f odr;f ol tmZmenf pef;pef;tzGUJ Bu;D 0if onfESpf tnmcGifrSm rMum;rjrif? rEÅav;tzGJUtcsdKUvnf;r&Sd awmh/ tif; . . . onfuaeY rEÅav;aps;tBu;D qH;k a&Tnu D Zkd mwf qdkwm 0dZÆmarmifqyfuyftEG,fyJ/ qyfuyfqdkwm bm;ynmrSm ESpaf yguf&nfwnfzrYkd vG,af wmhwmaocsm? tck rEÅav;&JU wpfck aomum;0if;rSm qyfuyfypönf;awGtdyfae&wmu Zmwfq&m pwJhvkyfief;&SifwpfOD;jzpfol udkarmifqeff;(bkd;a0ukef;)&&efaiG rsm;eJY um; 2pD;iSm;caiGrsm;r&awmh ypönf;awGodrf;xm;wmvdkY udak rmifqef;u w&m;0ifajymygw,f/ bm;q&mtrnfrodvykd g eJ/Y vkyif ef;wpfck ratmifjrif&if 'gawG? 'gawG/

vkdif;um;arSmufvdkY Zmwform;aq;½Hka&muf& awmif;yeftyfygw,f y&dowfBuD;awG&,f/ NyD;cJhwJhtywf pmrlra&;Ekdifbl;av/ pmuav; wpfxGm;udk awmifa&;r&atmif aoG;wd;k wm&Snv f u dk w f m/ 'DMum;xJ tat; uJw&hJ moDrYkd ajcawGvufawGvnf;udu k ?f vrf;ravQmufEidk ?f 'gyJ av. . . . ./ toufu pum;ajymw,fqv kd m;? 'gayr,fh pmrl wpfywfaysmuf&wm/ 'Dwpfcg usef;rma&;ur[kwzf ;l aygh/ aMomf zd;k cspfZmwf? rif;wke;f bufum;arSmufwm? ESpaf ,muf aowm? 'Pf&m&Muwm? yGjJ yefuwm? Zmwform;pD;zdYk rSev f 0kH ,fzYkd avQmufrSm? udk;awmifjynfhbk&m;wnfrSm owif;awGvnf;yg cJyh gNy/D 'guawmh t&if;&SiZf mwfq&mrif;om;rdYk auseyfp&maumif; wJph um;awGuakd jymEkid o f yl g/ zd;k cspf tJ'v D jkd zpfvrYkd rS Mumao;bl;? ud, k w f rYkd EÅav;rSm'Dv/kd jymodv k ukeyf ikd ;f rSm tr&yl&rSmaewJh ESq J &mOD;xGe;f armif? olo Y rD; rif;orD;uav;eJY jyZmwfrif;orD; -------wd[ Yk m atmifyif v,frSmuaewJh vdIifbGm;atmifZmwfrSmyGJuzdkY trSwf(8)vkdif; um;eJYvdkufcJhMuowJh/ vrf;opf uy& 0if;em;a&mufawmh arSmufa&mwJh/ ,mOfarmif;uvGifhusNyD; yGJcsif;NyD;wJh/ c&D;onf 'Pf&m&olawG rEÅav;taxGaxGaq;½Hka&mufawmh jyZmwf rif;orD;udk yGef;yJh'Pf&mrdkY aq;xnfh? jyefvTwf? ESJq&mom;tz twGif;vlemaygh/ jyZmwfrif;orD;u ZmwfcHkoGm;yGJu/ tJ um; arSmufwJh'Pf&mu wpfnNyD;rS tpGrf;jy? rsufESmvnf;zl;a&mif/ tJ'Dvdk Zmwfum;rpD;? vdkif;um;pD;vnf;BuHK&wmyJaygh/ tJ't D Ekynm&Siaf wGtwGuf wm0ef&w dS o hJ biftpnf;t½H;k 2zGJU&Sdygw,f/ ulnDoHrMum;&ao;/ t&ifjzpfpOfawGwek ;f uvnf; Zmwfum;arSmufNyq D &kd if um; q&maxmifrusa&;? vkid pf ifrjyKwfa&;twGuf ,mOfarmif;wdrYk mS &SdorQjyKwfjyKwfjyKef;? aq;uk? pm;aomuftm;vHk;udkukefus& wm/ ckawmh ,mOfarmif;ud, k w f idk af oNy/D aq;½Hak y:uvlemcjrm

rauG;wkid ;f &if;aq;½Hk Bu;D Muyftpnf;ta0; vlrIa&;0efBuD;wufa&muf aq;ya'omyiftvSLaiGrsm;vSL'ge;f

ucsif yGJcif;awG ucsifjynfe,ftwGuf wydw Yk yJG aJG wGtcsdKU a&TUMu? &yfMuay r,fh tcsdKU onf&ufrS qif;iSm;Muygw,f/ aocsmwmu waygif; qd&k if yGv J rf;acsmavmufygNy/D Nird ;f csrf;a&;yef;yGiv hf ef;pjyKoud;k / qm;awmfausmif;wufyGJuawmh wydkYwGJrS wefcl;xda&TUygw,f/ tif;awmfBuD;yGJudkawmh uHx½dkufu wifarmifqef;rif;0if;iSm; w,fMum;ygw,f/ aMomf taMuZmwfrsm;vnf; tnmrSmyJ0v J nf/

AdkufnDtpfudkrsm;wJh Zmwfrefae*smpdw&f if;aumif;ygrSyJ tultnDarQmEf idk rf mS / bmjyK vdkYvJqdkawmh vdIifbGm;atmif&JUrdcif Zmwfq&ma':a|;a|;[m usef;rma&;raumif;vdYk Zmwfupd u ö v kd u kd o f Ed idk rf mS r[kwb f ;l av/ (Zefe0g&D 25&uf)? trSw(f 8)'dik ef mum;wJ/h

b,fvdkjzpfwmvJ bm;q&ma& wpfckaom uy& um;uGif;xJrSm qyfuyfypönf;awG pkNyHK odr;f xm;onfujkd rif&ouGUJ / b,fu bm;q&mypön;f awGygvdr/fh

www.shadejournal.com

'Dpmudk wydw Yk v JG qef; 3&ufrmS a&;ygw,f/rEÅav;aps;uGuf rSm oifo h ?l nHo h ?l qk;d ol&,fvw Ykd ef;cGv J &Ykd ygNy/D taumif;qH;k [m oifh½HkygyJ/ oD;oefYa&;ygOd;r,f/ 'gayr,fh Zmwfopaxmifr,f [efjyifaewJholawGu renf;ygbl;/ a&Tref;obifOD;0if;Adkvf+a':EGJUEGJUat;oma;wGvnf; xl axmifygNy/D opömarwåma&Tref;obif Adv k n f t D pfurkd sm;vdt Yk rnf ay;ygw,f/ refae*smu OD;0if;BudKifvdkYod&ygw,f/ pnfolAdkvf OD;aqmifaomZmwfBu;D ygyJcifAsm;/ usef;rmMuygap/ AokefAefpuf

Shade Journal Vol:6,No-6


NyD;cJhwJh av;&ufavmuf wke;f u udak Zmfat;eJu Y Refawmf vuf z uf & nf q k d i f xk d i f & if ; pum;awGajymjzpfMuygw,f/ tm;aevdkY ajymwmuawmh awma&mufawmifa&muf? As oeaygif;pHkaygh/ uRefawmfwdkY pum;ajymaewke;f toufo;kH q,f ywf0ef;usifavmufyJ&Sd wJhvli,fwpfa,mufu udk aZmfat;udk vmEIwfqufyg w,f/ xHk;pHtwkdif; ta&mif; t0,faumif;vm;? bmvm; ar;awmh tJ'Daumifav;u t&ifavmufr[kwb f ;l tpfukd vdkYjyefajzygw,f/ ]tpfudkvJ uRefawmfhqkdifbufudk rvm wmMumNyDaemf}vdkYajymawmh udkaZmfat;u ]igvmawmh vnf; rif;u qkid rf mS rSr&Sw d m/ qkid v f nf;uyfO;D [? wpfcsdKUu rif;eJYrSn§yfcsifwmuG}vdkY udk aZmfat;ujyefajymvdu k yf gw,f/ tJ'Daumifav; xGufoGm;rS udak Zmfat;u ]tJ'aD umifu awmfw,fAs/ 'gayr,fah &vdu k f vGJaewm}utpcsDvdkY aumif av;taMumif;ajymjyygw,f/ ]oleY mrnft&if;uawmh rodbl;As/ uRefawmfwdkYu olY udk tmBuD;vdkYac:vdkufMuwm yJAsm/ tmqife,fy&dowfppf ppfav/ olu qHyiftvSjyKjyif a&;vkyw f m/ oleu YJ Refawmfod Muwmuawmh q,fESpfausmf ausmfavmufawmh&Sdr,fxif w,f/ tJ'Dwkef;u uRefawmf vnf; ajrmufjyifrSmaewm/ oluvnf; &GmuaeNyD; NrdKUudk a&mufcgp/ tJ'Dwkef;u tJ'D aumifav;&JUtoufEpS q f ,f eD;yg;avmuf &SdNyDxifwmyJ/ uReaf wmfqyH ifny§ af eusqid k rf mS ]tmBuD ; }u ynmoif a v; aygh/ 'Daumifu tvkyv f yk zf Ykd tqifoifjh zpfaeol? tNrw J uf <uaewJholav/ usefwJhynm oifawGu tm;&ifwpfa,muf eJYwpfa,mufpçae? aqmhae/ oluawmh wHjrufpnf;vSJcsif vSnf;? pm;yGJay:uqHyifn§yf ud&, d mawGukd oyfoyf&yf&yf jzpfatmifpDcsifpD? 'grSr[kwf qHyifawG pdkufaewJh ydwfw bufawGudkaeylrSmvSef;NyD;cg csifcg/ qHyifny§ af eoljzpfjzpf? acgif;avQmfoljzpfjzpf&Sdae&if taotcsm&yfMunfh? uloifh uleYJ wu,fut kd vum;rae wJholaygh/ tJ'Dawmhvnf; a&mufvdkYrSrMumao;bl;? olY qkid &f iS u f 'Daumifukd qHyifny§ f oifay;awmhwmyJ/ aemufol u pum;ajymaumif;wmwif rubl;/ tvku d t f xku d v f nf; ajymwwfw,f/ aemufNyD; ol upmvnf;zwfawmhA[kow k vnf;&Sdw,f/tJ'DawmhqHyif n§yaf ewJo h rl ysif;atmifvnf; olu{nfch w H wf? olrsm;acgif; Shade Journal Vol:6,No-6

qkid &f iS &f \ dS r&S\ d ? wefz;dk xm;\ rxm;\ ukad yguf(rEÅav;) udk udik w f muvnf; nifom? n§yaf y;wmuvnf; aoao oyfoyf? yHkvnf;usqdkawmh oleJYrSn§yfcsifolrsm;rsm;vm wmaygh/ rsm;rsm;n§yf&awmh 0ifaiGuaumif;ovd?k rsm;rsm; avhusifh&awmhvnf; vuf&m uvnf ; yd k a umif ; vmwm ayghAsm/olq Y &mqkid rf mS vkyv f m wm av;ig;ESpfavmufvnf; a&mufa&m olv Y ufO;D q&mu 'Dtvkyu f rkd vkyaf wmhb;l qdNk y;D qkdifydwfr,fvyk af wmh olu'D qkid u f jkdyef 0,f,v l u dk yf gw,f/ olYrSmaiG &SdvdkYawmhr[kwfbl;/ ol Y u d k , H k M unf a ewJ h vl w pf a,mufuaiGpu kd ?f oluvlpu kd ?f tjrwftpGe;f uawmhwpfa,muf wpf0ufaygh/ oluvnf; BudK; BuKd ;pm;pm;vkyaf wmh atmifjrif wmaygh/ NyD;awmholuolYqkdif rSm zwfp&m *sme,fav;awG vnf;xm;ay;awmh qHyifny§ f zdaYk pmifah e&wm rysif;bl;aygh/ tJawmhvnf; olYqkdifav;u pnfum;vm? oluvnf; vl xyfarG;qdkawmh oludk,fwkdif awmif 0ifNyD;qHyifn§yfray; awmhbl;/ aemufawmh olu taygif;toif;pHv k mawmh ajr yGJpm;vdkvdk? qkdifu,fyGJpm;vdk vdkjzpfvmygw,f/ oGm;vdkuf &if qkdifrSmtNrJr&Sd/ yGJpm;awG aemuf waumufaumufvu d k ?f &Sjd yef&ifvnf; t&ifvzkd zd pd ;D pD; eJYqkdifudk ruGyfuJawmhygbl;/ oluyGpJ m;vdv k kd bmvdv k ekd aYJ e &wmudk b0ifjrifhoGm;wmvdk vd/k tJawmh qkid rf mS tqifrajy wm&Sd&ifvnf; ajz&Sif;ayr,fh olr&Sd/ uav;awGuvnf; txde;f tuGyrf &Sad wmh ayghaygh qqvkyf/ aemuf t&ifuqdk olYqkdifxJrSm avmavmq,f xGuaf ewJ*h sme,fawGu zwf p&mtyHBk u;D / tckawmh ol&&dS if 0,f? olr&Sd&ifr0,fbl; qdk awmh ta[mif;tpkwfawGyJ jzpfae? qHyifny§ w f ahJ umifav; awG u vnf ; q&mr&S d a wmh tvkyfvkyfwm av;wdav; uef/ olwdkYeJYcifwJhvli,fcsif;

qdk pum;ajym&if;n§yfaewm tMumBuD;/ qHyifn§yfcsifvdkY xkid af pmifah ewJv h u l vnf;apmifh &wmwarhwarm/ qHyifn§yf wJhtcg ywfay;xm;wJh ydwfp awGuvnf; t&ifvo kd pfopf vGiv f iG rf &S/d n§yrf jd yef&ifvnf; tdraf &mufawmhpw d w f idk ;f rus bl;av/ 'Dvdktqifrajywm awGrsm;vmawmh uRefa wmf ud, k w f idk v f nf;oGm;rn§yaf wmh bl;Asm/ wpfcgwav olYqkdif a&SUujzwfomG ;vdMYk unf&h ifny§ f wJv h o l yd rf &Sb d ;l av/ trSeu f olYtvkyfudkol zdzdpD;pD;vkyf& rSm/ pdwfcs&wJhvufaxmuf&Sd rS olutckvkd tjyifxu G v f yk f &rSmav}vdaYk jymygw,f/ olajymwmMum;rS uRef awmf v nf ; owd & p&mawG ay:vmygw,f/ uReaf wmfawGU zl ; wJ h wpf a ,muf u awmh qkdifu,fjyifwJh aumifav; aygh/ tpuawmh ukrÜPDrSm vcpm;vkyfwm/ aemufawmh udk,fydkifqkdifav;axmifa&m/ ynmuawmhawmfw,f/ puf Ed;I Munf?h prf;pD;Munfw h meJb Y m ysufw,fqw kd majymEkid w f ,f/ olvnf;qkdifzGifhawmh vufr vnf? ajcrvnfatmifudkjyif &wm/ aemufawmh olvnf; yGJpm;vdkif;ul;oGm;NyD; qkdifukd uav;awGeJYypfxm;ygw,f/ tJawmh qkdifu,foGm;jyif&if wpfcgeJYrNyD; / pdwfwkdif;rus awmhcPcPjyefomG ;&?aemuf NyD;uav;awGuruRrf;usif bJvkyfawmh ewfawGjyKef;vdkY jyKef; jzpfwmuwjcm;? jyifay; vdkufwmuwpfrsdK;? qkdifvm jyifwJhqkdifu,fudk ,lpD;csif ovdkpD;eJY aygufvGwfyJpm;jzpf aeygw,f / qk d i f o G m ;&if o l tNrJr&Sd/ &Sdjyef&ifvnf;olu qkid u f ,ftBu;D awGru S ikd ?f ½d;k ½d;k plyguyfwdkY? w½kwfbD;wdkYqdk pdwfr0ifpm;/ tJawmholYqkdif av;vnf;vH;k yg;yg;oGm;w,f/ 'D v d k q k d i f u d k y pf x m;wJ h qk d i f & S i f a v;awG t aMumif ; Mum;&awmh i,fi,fwkef;u

qkid u f ae b,frrS cGmbJ *½kw pdu k ef t YJ vkyv f yk w f hJ qHyifny§ f qkdifydkif&Sif OD;ausmfodef;udk owd & rd y gw,f / ol Y q k d i f u awmh ]ausmfodef;ESifhnDrsm;} qHoyg/ tJ'Dqkdifu vrf; 80 eJY 26bDvrf;a'gifhrSm&Sdwmyg/ qkid t f 0ifaygufab;u rSet f csyfBu;D eJu Y mxm;ygw,f/ usHK; eJYeef;awmfudkvSrf;jrifae&yg w,f/ qHyifn§yfwJh xkdifcHkeJY wnfhwnfhrSm b,fvf*sD,HrSef BuD;awGudk eH&HrSmxGif;xnfh xm;ygw,f/ rSefawGMunfh& wm Munfawmuf&Sif;ygyJ/ qH yifny§ w f v hJ al wGxrJ mS 0efxrf; vnf;&So d vdk olo Y m;ESpaf ,muf vnf;&Sdygw,f/ 'gayr,fh olY tvSnehf o YJ n l y§ /f azmufonf uawmif;qdv k m&ifawmh azmuf onfa&G;cs,fwJholeJYn§yf/ qH yifn§yf&ifywfxm;ay;wJh w bufawGuvnf;oefo Y ef&Y Sif; &Sif;?qHyifn§yfNyD;wmeJY qHyif n§yq f &muwHjrufpnf;vSn;f qHyifcsnfawGudk trdIufyHk;xJ udkxnfh? tNrJoefY&Sif;vdkYaeyg w,f/ aemuf xkid pf &mqufwD awGvnf;&Sdygw,f/ apmifhae &if;zwf&atmif aeYpOfxkwf owif;pm? tm;upm;*sme,f awGuvnf; tqifoifh/ tJ awmh rEÅav;NrKd Uu taumif; BudKufol rSeforQ ausmfodef; qHorSmn§yMf uygw,f/ qkid &f iS f ud, k w f idk u f vnf; n§yw f t hJ cg n§yf/ b,frSvnf;avQmufr oGm;? 'DtvkyfudkyJav;av; pm;pm;eJv Y yk yf gw,f/ tJ'aD wmh rEÅav;NrdKU orkdif;ajym&&if ausmfoed ;f qHotaMumif;ryg &ifrNy;D bl;vdYk ajymEkid yf gw,f/ rEÅav;NrdKUu NrdKU rsufESmzHk; awG tNrJn§yfwJhqkdifav;jzpf vdkYygyJ/ (tckawmh tJ'Dqkdif vnf; ydwfoGm;ygNyD/ olwdkYiSm; zGiw hf ahJ e&muqufriSm;awmh wm&,f? OD;ausmfodef;uG,f vGefoGm;wm&,faMumifhyg) tckacwfvli,frsm;u qk d i f w pf q k d i f u d k jzpf a tmif axmifEidk w f t hJ pGr;f tpawmh&dS Muygw,f / ud k , f x l a xmif xm;wJv h yk if ef;udk wefz;kd rxm; wwfMuygbl;/ udk,fhyifrt vkyu f kd zdzpd ;D pD;rvkyb f J ypfy,f NyD; vkdif;ul;? vkdif;ul;wwfMu vdkYygyJ/ qkdifypfNyD; oGm;csif&m oGm;vkycf sif&mvkyMf uygw,f/ tJvdk qkdif&SifrS&dawmh qkdifu vnf; jzpfcsif&mjzpfaygh/ qkdif &Sirf &Sad wmh vmwJah zmufonf uvnf; tqifrajyawmh r vmawmhbl;/ 'guawmh uRef awmfpdwful;xJay:wmav; ajymMunfw h maygh/ rdwaf qGwYkd a&m BuKH zl;wmav;udk jyefajym rjycsifMubl;vm;Asm/ ud k a yguf (rEÅ a v;)

www.shadejournal.com

www.shadejournal.com wGif SHADE *sme,fwpfapmifvkH;tm; 0ifa&mufzwf½EI idk yf gonf/ 17


w½kwfESpful;qkawmif;yGJ ,leefbkHausmif;wGifusif;y rEÅav;NrKd U?,leefA'k b ¨ mombk&m;ausmif;wGiEf pS pf Ofusif;yNrjJ zpfaomw½kw½f ;kd &mESpf opfu;l qkawmif;yGaJ wmfukd 27.1.2012 rS 31.1.2012txd (5)&ufwidk w f idk u f sif;yjyKvkycf o hJ nf/ 31.1.2012aeYwiG Ef pS o f pfu;l qkawmif;yGaJ wmftxl;aeYtjzpfEidk if aH wmfMo0g'q&m awmfBu;D rsm;? wkdif;omoemhq&m awmfBuD;rsm;? NrdKUe,foHCmhem,uq&mawmfBuD;rsm;tygt0ifoHCm awmf(10)yg;wdu Yk kd eHeuf(8)em&Dtcsdeüf ,leefbakH usmif;cef;rESiyhf xrxyfwiG ef 0ur®0w¬K ypön;f rsm;udktvSL&Sifrsm;ESifh ,leefbHkausmif;rSwm0ef&SdtzGJUrsm;rS udk,fwkdifudk,fusqufuyfvSL'gef; chMJ uonf/xkaYd emufq&mawmfBu;D rsm;rS r*Fvmokw?f arwåmokww f &m;awmf rsm;ESihf tEÅ&m,fuif; y&dwfw&m;awmfrsm;udk&GwfzwfylaZmfcJh aMumif;od&onf/ EGUJ eDvm

tu,f'rDyGJwufr,fU rEåav;om; o½kyfaqmifOuúmrif;&Sdef rmefxufcsD½kyf&Sifxkwfvkyfa&;rS a&G;cs,fwifajr§mufonfh rEÅav;om; o½kyaf qmifopf Ouúmrif;&Sed Ef iS ahf wGUqHck u kd f tu,f 'rDEiS yhf wfoufonfh tEkynm&yf0ef;rSpum;oHawGuakd r;jzpf cJyh gw,f/ Ouúmrif;&Sdef tu,f'rDyGJwufjzpfvm;/ tu,f'rDyu JG w kd ufrmS yg/ tu,f'rDyGJtwGuf0wfpHkudk b,fydk;xnfwkdufu yHhydk;ay;wmvJ/ jrwfyef;yGifhydk;xnfwkdufuyHhykd;ulnDay;wJh0wfpHkeJYwufrSmyg/ vuf&SdtEkynmvIyf&Sm;rIawGtaeeJY bmawGvkyfae vJodyg&ap/ vwfwavm tEkynmvIyf&Sm;rItaeeJY rsufESmzHk;tvSyHk ½dkuful;rI? tusÐaMumfjim? aexuf? aeewdkYeJYtwl ADpD'DawG½dkuf aeygw,f/ Zmwfum;awGuawmh 2012ckESpf 2vydkif;avmufrSm ½du k u f ;l zdt Yk pDtpOfawG&ydS gw,f/ tckvuf&Sd &efukefrSmaeNyD; tEkynmeJYywfoufwJh oifwef;awGwufNyD; avhvm rIawGvkyf&wmtqifajy&JU vm;/ [kwu f /hJ tqifajyygw,f/ oifwef;uq&mawG&UJ oif Mum;rI? tEkynm&Siaf wG? 'g½du k w f m awG&JUoifMum;rIawGudk aumifaumif;rGefrGefavhvmoifMum;aeygw,f/ tEkynm&yf0ef;rSm Mum;ae&wJhtu,f'rD&ifckefoH awGudkvnf;odoavmufajymjy ay;ygOD ; / tu,f'rD&&Sdr,fhowif;awGuawmh rif;om;xJuqdk&if ukdajywDOD;? rif;orD;uawmh roufrGefjrifh? 'g½dkufwm0dkif; vdkY Mum;ygw,f/ Ouúmrif;&SdeftaeeJY Sahde *sme,fpmrsufESmay:uae tm;ay;wJholi,fcsif;rdwfaqG awGeJY y&dowfawGudkajymcsifwJhpum;vufaqmifuRefawmfhudktNrJwrf;tm;ay;Muyg/ tEkynmvIyf&Sm;rI awGudkvnf; tNrJrjywfatmifvkyf aqmif oGm;ygr,f/ rEÅav;NrKd U uae tEkynmo½kyaf qmifaumif;wpfa,mufay:xGuv f m atmif BudK;pm;oGm;ygr,f/ tNrJwrf;tm;ay;wJhy&dowfawGudk vnf; txl;aus;Zl;wif&Sdygw,f/ EGUJ eDvm

jrifUjrwf&JrY efae*sm udkrif;u tu,f'rDqdkwm ewfBuD;w,fwJU uRefawmfhrif;om;jzpfwJh jrifhjrwfeJYtwl tu,f'rDyGJudk wufjzpfrmS yg/ tu,f'rDqw kd m ewfBu;D w,fav/ b,fo&l ,f vdkYajymvdkYr&bl;/ wu,ft&nftcsif;jynfh0wJholudkyJay;wm av/ 'DESpftwGuf uRefawmfwdkYb,f[dkw,frSwnf;jzpfr,f rxifygbl;/ (7)&ufaeYreufoGm;r,f/ yGJNyD;&if &efukefjyefvm r,f/ 'DESpfpyGefqmudkawmh0ga&Tpifuay;xm;ygw,f/ zdeyfudk qifajcmufaumifupyGefqmay;xm;w,fvdkYod&w,f/ 'DESpf Mum;wmuawmh ajywDO;D ? oufreG ?f 'g½du k w f m0dik ;f ? 'g½du k w f mcif apmrsdK;vdkYMum;w,f/ xGe;f xGe;f 0if;(ykygÜ ;)

18

www.shadejournal.com

Shade Journal Vol:6,No-6


LCCI Level 4 oifwef;zGifUcGifU

vufrSwf&&Sdaom q&mausmfpGm0if;ESifU tjcm;oifwef;ausmif;okH;ausmif;wkdhtm; oif½dk;ñTef;wrf;pmtkyfrsm; British Council ½kH;wGifay;tyf LCCI Level 4 oifwef;zGic hf iG &hf &Sad omoifwef;ausmif;rsm; tm; oifwef;zGichf iG v hf ufrw S Ef iS hf

oif½;kd ñTe;f wrf;pmtkyrf sm; ay; tyfyt JG crf;tem;udk 2012ckEpS f Zefe0g&D 27&ufaeY nae 4em&Du rEÅav;NrKd Ucsrf;at;ompHNrKd Ue,f&dS British Council ½H;k wGiu f sif;y&m oifwef;ausmif;rsm;rS wm0ef&dS olrsm;wufa&mufMuonf/ LCCI oifwef;rsm;pmar;yGJ pDrHcefYcGJrIrefae*sma': cifjrpdrf; u Level 4 oifwef;onf Diploma omru bGUJ 'D*&D&&Sr d nfah ygif;ul;oifwef;jzpfNy;D Level 6 atmifjrifNy;D ygubGUJ 'D*&D&&Srd nfjzpf Ny;D Specialise Diploma pmar;yGaJ tmifjrifNy;D olrsm;taejzifrh av;&Sm;Ekid if &H dS rnfonfh wuúov kd rf qdk yxrESprf pS wifoif Mum;cGi&hf adS Mumif;?,ckziG v hf pS rf nfo h ifwef;ausmif;rsm;taejzifh pwifoifMum; rnfh&ufn§dEdIif;aqmif&Guf&efrSmMum;onf/ xdkYaemuf q&mOD;ausmfpGm0if; Level oifwef;ESifhtjcm;oifwef;ausmif;oHk;ausmif;wdkYtm; oifwef;zGifhcGifhvufrSwfESifh oif½dk;ñTefwrf;pmtkyfrsm;ay;tyfumtcrf;tem;udk½kwfodrf;vdkuf aMumif;od&onf/ EGUJ eDvm

]jrwf&wem} ynmU&dyfom qkESif;obifyGJusif;y

pdefyavmifvufzufrdom;pkrS rEåav;NrdKYpmaytEkynm&Sifrsm; vlrIulnDrItpDtpOfokdhtvSLaiGay;tyf 26.1.2012 (Mumomyaw;aeY)? eHeuf(10)em&Dtcsdefü rEÅav;NrKd U? vrf;80ESihf 16vrf;axmif&h dS a&TbpJ m;awmfqufwiG f Ekid if aH usmfped yf avmifvufzufro d m;pk\ pme,fZif;q&mrsm;ESihf awGUqHkrdwfqufyGJtcrf;tem;usif;ycJhonf/tcrf;tem;wGif pdeyf avmifvufzufqidk yf ikd &f iS u f akd rmifarmifoef;rSEw I cf eG ;f quf aus;Zl;wifpum;ajymMum;Ny;D rEÅav;pmayESihf tEkynm&Sirf sm; vlru I n l aD &;tpDtpOfot Y k d vSLaiGusy2f ode;f udv k LS 'ge;f ay;tyf&mq&mBu;D ewfarmufOD;xGef;&SdefESifh q&modkufxGef;oufwdkYrSvufcH&,lcJh aMumif;od&onf/

Management Concepts and EconomicChanges

a[majymyGJusif;y OD;xGe;f jrwfv(l B.E, Mechanical) M.I.T wnfaxmiftyk cf sKyf aom jrwf&wem abmf'gESifhaeYtxl;ynmavhusifhrIoifwef; ausmif;\ 2010-2011 ynmoifEpS w f iG f xl;cRefpmG atmifjrifchJ aom ausmif;om;? ausmif;olrsm; (2011-2012)ynmoifEpS f wGif twef;wGi;f ynm&nfx;l cRefaom ausmif;om;^olrsm;ESihf 2012-13 ynmoifEpS t f wGuf Scholarship ynm&nfcRefqrk sm; csD;jri§ ahf y;tyfyt JG crf;tem;udk 26.1.2012(Mumomyaw;)aeY? nae(5)em&DtcsdefrSpwifí rEÅav;NrdKU? 22vrf;? 82ESifh 83vrf;Mum;&Sd UTOPIA cef;rwGiu f si;f yjyKvyk cf ahJ Mumif;od&onf/ tcrf;tem;wGif ausmif;om;? ausmif;olrsm;rS q&mBuD;? q&mrBuD;rsm;tm; ½dkaoav;pm;pGm&Sdcdk;uefawmhcJhMuNyD; q&m Bu;D OD;ausmf0if;armifrS ausmif;om;^olrsm;tm; trSmpum;ESihf Mo0g'pum;rsm;csD;jri§ chf ahJ Mumif;od&onf/ xdaYk emuf wufa&muf vmonfh q&mBu;D ? q&mrBu;D rsm;rS 2010-2011 ynmoifEpS f wuúodkvf0ifwef;pmar;yGJwGif xl;cRefpGmatmifjrifcJhaom bm ompHk*kPfxl;&Sif(2)OD;tm; wpfOD;vQif 20,^---- Hensim 110 Motorcycle(Brand New) wpfpD;tm;vnf;aumif;? ig;bm om*kPfxl;&Sifrsm;tm; SAMSUNG 19" LCD TV wpfvHk;pD? Panasonic Digital Microwave Oven wpfv;kH pDEi S hf Alpha Washing Machine wpfv;kH pDtm;vnf;aumif;? av;bmom*kPx f ;l &Sirf sm; tm; Panasonic Digital Microwave Oven wpfvHk;pDESifh Alpha Washing machine wpfv;kH pDtm;vnf;aumif;? oH;k bmom*kPx f ;l &Sirf sm;tm; Slpha Washing Machine wpfv;kH pDtm;vnf;aumif;? ESpfbmom*kPfxl;&Sifrsm;tm; Portable EVD 7.8" wpfvHk;pD? Electronic Cooker wpfvHk;pDESifh Steel Pot wpfvHk;pDtm;vnf; aumif;? wpfbmom*kPx f ;l &Sirf sm;tm; Portable EVD 7.8" wpf vH;k pDEiS hf ½d;k ½d;k atmifjriforl sm;tm; ynm&nfcRefq f rk sm; xku d w f ef pGmay;tyfcsD;jri§ chf NhJ y;D bmom&yfoifq&mBu;D ^q&mrBu;D rsm;rS vnf; oD;jcm;ynm&nfcRefqkrsm;udk csD;jr§ifhcJhaMumif;od&onf/ EGJUeDvm Shade Journal Vol:6,No-6

29.1.2012? (we*FaEGaeY) eHeuf(9)em&Dtcsdeüf uGeyf sLwm vkyif ef;&Sirf sm;toif; a&TjzLyvmZm'kw, d xyfwiG f OD;&Jx#G 0f if; \ pD;yGm;a&;ESiphf rD cH efcY rJG q I idk &f ma[majymyGu J u kd sif;yjyKvkycf o hJ nf/

xkdif;EkdifiHrS

Skin Specialist udk,fwkdifvma&mufvufawGY jyoonfh Healthy Skin....So Good.....

yGJusif;y

jrefrmavn§if;ukrÜPDrS (BSC,KMA) Member rsm;tm; aus;Zl;wkefYjyefyGJESifhtwl xkdif;EkdifiHrS Mr.Thanakrit(Anuphunt) Skin Specialist udk,fwkdif vma&mufvufawGUjyoonfh Skin Promotion yGu J kd 29.1.2012(we*FaEG)aeY? aeYvnf(2)em&Dtcsdef rSpwifum &D&iS ;f tvSuek f vrf;80? 32_33vrf;Mum;wGiu f sif; yjyKvkyfcJhaMumif;od&onf/ tcrf;tem;wGif Skin ESifhywfoufonfhaqG;aEG;rIrsm;? txl; Discount rsm;? Dancer av;rsm;\ tuazsmfajzrItpDtpOf rsm;jzifhusif;yjyKvkyfcJhonf/ atau

www.shadejournal.com

rSwfBuD;atmifyifv,f

19


atmifjrifrv I rf;aMumif;ay:u

o½kyfaqmifaumif;cefh

jrefrmh½kyf&Sifavmu0,f xdyfqHk;ae&m&Sdaomo½kyfaqmif rsm;tMum; wpfa,muftygt0ifjzpfo?l ,aeYemrnfausmfrif; om;av; aumif;cefYyifjzpfonf/ o½kyfaqmifaumif;cefYudk atmifjrifrI&cJhwJhZmwfum;awGtaMumif;rsm;udk Shade *sme,f ay:uwqifah zmfjyvdu k yf g&ap/ udkaumif;cefY yxrqHk;½kdufcJhwJh rD;vQHvrf;Zmwfum; av;u atmifjrifrI&cJhwJhZmwfum;av;aemf/ tJ'DvdkZmwf vrf ; rsd K ;av; rawG U &wmawmf M umNyD a emf / [kwfw,fAs/ tck tcspfzefpDZmwfum;av;awGyJ½dkufwm rsm;w,f/ ]rD;vQv H rf;}vdZk mwfum;rsdK;u y&dowfawGaG umif;cefY qdw k ehJ mrnfwpfvu kH kd odomG ;apchw J ZhJ mwfum;av;ayghaemf/ tJ'D vdZk mwfvrf;rsdK;av;awG uRefawmf½u kd zf t Ykd pDtpOf&ydS gw,f/ ]rS w f r d a o;vm;}Zmwf u m;uvnf ; y&d o wf a wG & if xJrSm a&yef;pm;cJhwJhZmwfum;av;aemf/ tJ'Dum;xJrSm udk aumif ; cef Y u rk d ; ,k p H a xmif a csmuf q if x m;wJ h t xJ r S m a&mufoGm;awmh oleJYajymwJhpum;av;u tkdufwif Mood tjynf h a v;aemf / 'DZmwfum;av; uRefawmfvnf;BudKufw,f/ tkdufwifu awmh tJ'aD vmufBu;D vnf;rawmfygbl;As/ tdu k w f ifaumif;wm u tvkyfwpfckrSm t&ifqHk;pdwfudkwnfNidrfatmifxm;w,f/ b,fZmwfum;rqdk uRefawmfaoaocsmcsmav;*½kpdkufNyD;vkyf ygw,f/ tck vwfw avmxGu fxm;wJh ]ESv Hk;om;csnfwkdif} Zmwfum;av;u aygufw,faemf/ y&dowfawGBudKufESpf oufMuwJhZmwfum;av;aemf/ 'DvdkatmifjrifrI&oGm;cJhwJh twGuf tpfudkY&JUyDwdpum;av;odyg&ap/ 'Dvt kd m;ay;wJt h wGuf t&rf;ud0k rf;omrdygw,f/ uRefawmf tNrJwrf;vnf;BudK;pm;aeygw,f/ y&dowfawGqDu 'DvdktoH Mum;&wJhtwGuf t&rf;vnf;0rf;omrdw,f/ yDwdvnf;jzpfrd ygw,f/ tEkynmudk taumif;qH;k jzpfatmifBuKd ;pm;oGm;rSmyg/ xG e f ; xG e f ; 0if ; (yk y Ü g ;)

20

ausmufpufa&Zmwfum;rSm tu,f'rDeJhvGJcJU&wJU

jrifUjrwf jrefrmh½kyf&Sifavmu0,f xdyfqHk;ae&mwGif&Sdaeaomolu awmh jrifhjrwfyifjzpfonf/ o½kyfaqmifjrifhjrwfudk 'g½dkufwm ñGejYf refrmnDnaD tmif½u kd w f hJ ]aEGO;D avajy}Zmwfum;rSm rk;d a[ udkESifhtwlyg0ifo½kyfaqmifwmudkawGU&ygw,f/ o½kyfaqmif jrifjh rwfeYJ tu,f'rDtaMumif;rsm;udk Shade *sme,fay:uwqifh azmfjyvku d &f ygw,f/ rESpfu 'DtcsdefrSm udkjrifhjrwftoHawGMum;ae&w,f/ tJ'Dtcsdefwkef;u tu,f'rDeYJywfoufNyD;rSef;cJhao;vm;/ t"duawmh uHw&m;tay:rSmyJyckH s&awmhrmS yJAsm/ vlrEkid f &ifuu H ykd ckH sqdw k phJ um;av;&Syd gw,f/ tJ'o D abmygyJaygh/ uRef awmfwb Ykd ufuawmh &wJt h cGit hf a&;tay:rSm taumifq;kH jzpf atmifBuKd ;pm;w,f/ t&ifwek ;f uvnf;ajzwJph um;ygyJ/ o½kyf aqmifwkdif;twGuf ½kyf&Sifum;BuD;½dkufcGifh&w,f? um½dkufwm aumif;eJY½dkufcGifh&w,fqdkwmu o½kyfaqmifwkdif;twGuftdyf rufvdkYvnf;ajymvdkY&w,f/ ½kyf&Sifum;BuD;rS tu,f'rDrSef;vdkY &wmudk uRefawmf&,frrS [kwyf gbl;/ o½kyaf qmifwidk ;f b,fol rqdk um;BuD;½dkufuwnf;u rD;ukef,rf;ukefBudK;pm;MuwJhol awGcsnf;yJ/ tJ't D ay:&vmwJw h ek jYf yefro I muGmwmayghaemf/ b,f olrqdk tm;vHk;BudK;pm;cJhMuwmygyJ/ uRefawmfvnf; ausmuf pufa&Zmwfum;rSmBudK;pm;w,f/ uRefawmfh&JUtawGUtBuHKeJY wwfekdifoavmuf rD;ukef,rf;ukefBudK;pm;NyD;½dkufcJhwmcsnf;yJ/ tJ't D ay:rSm y&dowftm;ay;rI&w,fqw kd mod&w,f/ tu,f 'rD&wm? r&wmuawmh uHw&m;tay:rSmyJrw l nfygw,f/ tEk y nmavmurS m xd y f w ef ; rif ; om;wpf v uf j zpf aew,f/ 'DatmifjrifrIBuD;udk a&&SnfwnfwHhatmifbm awGvdktyfw,fvkYdxifvJ/ ratmifjrifcifrmS atmifjrifatmifBuKd ;pm;&w,f/ atmifjrif rI&vmwJt h cgusawmhvnf; tJ'aD tmifjrifru I kd a&&Snw f nfwhJ atmifBuKd ;pm;&w,f/ y&dowfuvnf; topfwpfa,muftae eJyY MJ unfw h m? ½du k v f aYkd [mif;oGm;&if rif;om;wpfa,mufa[mif; oGm;NyD/ o½kyfaqmifwpfa,muftaeeJYjyefMunfhwJhtcg ydkNyD; awmhwm0effBuD;w,f/ 'Drif;om;u 'Dum;rSmjzpfovdkvkyfoGm; wmygyJajymcH&rSm t&rf;pd;k &drw f ,f/ tJ't D wGuaf wmh tppt&m &mjyifqifNy;D awmh ½du k &f wmaygh/ tu,f'rDyGJrSm b,f[dkwnfrSmwnf;rSmvJ/ twdtusawmhrod&ao;ygbl;/ pyG e f q mu b,f o l a wG a y;xm;vJ / 0ga&Tpify;kd xnfu pyGeq f may;xm;ygw,f/ xG e f ; xG e f ; 0if ; (yk y Ü g ;)

tu,f'rDyGJudk t0ga&mifav;eJhwufr,fU rkd;,kpH o½kyfaqmifrkd;,kpHu 'g½dkufwmudkrsdK;xl;½dkuful;wJhZmwf um;rSm ausmf&aJ tmif&UJ rde;f rtoGief w YJ pfrsdK;? orD;toGief w YJ pfrsdK; o½kyaf qmifwmawGU&ygw,f/ 'DZmwfum;av; rk;d ,k½u kd af eus Zmwfum;yHkpHrsdK;r[kwfbl;/ xl;jcm;wJhZmwfvrf;vdkYajymygw,f/ 2012ckEpS rf mS vnf; tEkynmeJyY wfoufvYkd xl;jcm;rSmvm;ar;wJh tcg ]um½dkufwmawGuawmh qef;qef;av;awGayghaemf? tJ'D vdyk pkH rH sdK;av;awGawmh½u kd zf &Ykd w dS ,f/ rvkyzf ;l ao;wJu h m½du k w f m awGawmh vdktyfcsuf&Sdaumif;&Sdvdrfhr,f/ 'gayr,fh y&dowf tjrifqef;apr,fu h m½du k w f mav;awGawmh½u kd jf zpfr,f/ t&if ESpfawGuvdkrwlatmif aumif;oxufaumif;atmif BudK;pm; oGm;r,fqw kd phJ w d af wmh tNr&J w dS ,f/ &efatmifeeYJ wforD;rsm;½d;I rSm ]urÇmBu;D eJt Y jynfch spfr,f}oDcsif;eJo Y q D ckd w hJ t hJ ay: y&dowf &JUzDvifudkar;wJhtcg rkd;,kudktm;ay;Muygw,f/ t&rf;vnf; aysmfygw,f/ ESif;qDtNidrfhtzGJUeJYywfoufNyD; b,fvavmuf ujzpfrmS vJv;Ykd ar;wJt h cg 2vydik ?f 3vydik ;f ? 7vykid ;f &,fawmhjzpf r,fvaYkd jymygw,f/ tu,f'rDyGJwuft0wftpm;uawmh 0ga&Tpifydk;xnfu pyGefqmay;xm;ygw,f/ t0ga&mifav;eJYwufjzpfrSmyg/ rkd;,k Mum;wmuawmh trsm;Bu;D ygyJ/ tEkynorm;wdik ;f ud, k pf &D ap csifygw,fvdkYqdkygw,f/ xGe;f xGe;f 0if;(ykygÜ ;)

www.shadejournal.com

Shade Journal Vol:6,No-6


aqmif;wGif;tcsdefwGif eHeufapmapmvrf;avQmufjyef vmNyD ; acgif ; rl ; onf q k d u m vJusol? avjzwfolvlBuD; tawmfrsm;rsm; awG&Y ygonf/ usef;rma&;twGuf apmapm xvrf;avQmuf&mrS tat; ywfNy;D avjzwf&jcif;jzpfygonf/ aEG&moDwGif eHeufapm apmxívrf ; avQmuf j cif ; onf avhusifch ef;wpfct k jzpf oifhawmfaomfvnf; aqmif; &moD w G i f tjyif x G u f v rf ; avQmuf v Qif tat;rywf atmif owdxm;zkv Yd ykd gonf/ taEG;xnfxlxlESifh OD;xkyf acgif;pGyfrsm;vkdygonf/ ESif; usvQif acgif;pGyrf mS em;½Guyf g vHrk aS umif;ygrnf/ ESi;f aiGU½du k f í em;½Gufat;udkufvmvQif tMum;tm½HkcsdKU,Gif;NyD; cE¨m ud, k [ f efcsufrxde;f Edik af wmhbJ ,dkifxkd;NyD;vJuswwfygonf/ em;ESpzf ufonf cE¨mud, k [ f ef csufudkxdef;ay;ygonf/ aea&mifjcnfv;kH 0rjrif& aomES i f ; xk r sm;Mum;? yd w f aeaomES i f ; Mum;wG i f vrf ; avQmufrxGufoifhyg/ ,mOf wdkufrItEÅ&m,fESifhBuHK&aom vlBuD;rsm;½dScJhzl;ygonf/ rvTJ omívrf;avQmufvQifvnf; cE¨mudk,fay:wGif teDa&mif? t0ga&mif½aS d omt0wftxnf rsm;udk0wfqifxm;vQif xif ½S m ;jrif o mNyD ; ,mOf w d k u f r I tEÅ&m,f umuG,Ef ikd yf gonf/ aqmif ; wG i f ; ? rd k ; wG i f ; vrf;avQmufxu G &f mrStat; ywfavjzwfolvlBuD;rsm;rSm e*dkuaoG;wdk;ESifhqD;csdKtcH½dS olrsm;jzpfwwfygonf/ tcsdKU rS m aoG ; wd k ; r½d S a omf v nf ; tat;ywfrI vGefuJvQif yg; wpfjcrf;½GJUjcif;ESifh tao;pm; avjzwfjcif;? avjzef;jcif;rsm; jzpfEikd yf gonf/ avjzwf c H & ol r sm;wG i f ½kww f &uf ajcvufav;oGm; jcif ; ? pum;rajymEd k i f j cif ; ? pum;ryDjcif;? vQmav;jcif;? yg;wpfjcrf;½GJUoGm;jcif;jzpfNyD; wpf&uf? ESpf&uftwGif;jyef aumif;oGm;wwfygonf/ t ao;pm;avjzwf j cif ; (od k Y r [kw)f avjzef;jcif;[kac:ygonf/ owdûy&efrSm xkdodkYjzpfzl;ol rsm;onf(2)ESpt f wGi;f aemuf xyfavjzwfEikd jf cif;jzpfonf/ aemufwpfBudrfxyf jzwfvQif tBuD;pm;avjzwfjcif;jzpfEdkif ygonf/yxrtBurd af vjzwff jcif;onfa½SUajy;vu©Pmjzpf ojzif'h w k , d tBurd rf jzpfap&ef taet xdik ?f tpm;taomuf qifjcifzv Ykd t kd yfavonf/ tcsdKUvlBuD;rsm;rSm uHr aumif;ojzifh aoG;wdk;? qD;csdK ½d S o jzif h tpm;taomuf a½Smif? oifah wmfaomaq;rsm; Shade Journal Vol:6,No-6

rSefrSefrSD0Jae&mrS ½kwfw&uf tat;ywfNyD; avjzwfjcif;cH &wwfavonf/ vrf;avQmuf xGuf&mrStat;ywfjcif;? a& csdK;&mrStat;ywfjcif;? um;? qdkifu,fpD;&mrS avwdkufNyD; tat;ywfjcif;? tJ,m;uGef; zGit hf yd &f mrS apmifvw G o f mG ;Ny;D tat;ywfjcif;? eHeufapmapm a&td r f x oG m ;&mrS tat; ywfjcif;rsm;rSmtjzpftrsm;qH;k jzpfonf/ avjzwfoltrsm;owdr xm;rdMuaomt&mrSmvnfyif; tat;ywf j cif ; jzpf o nf / tjyifxu G v f Qif tat;rywf ap&ef taEG;xnf? abmif;bD? ajctd w f ? vuf t d w f p onf 0wfqifMuaomfvnf;vnfyif; wGif rmzvmac:vnfywf ywf rxm;vQif vnfyif;tat;rd NyD; avjzwfEdkifygonf/ vnfyif;a½SUwnfhwnfh ab;ESpfzufwGif OD;aESmufodkY aoG;ydaYk y;onfah oG;aMumrBu;D ESpfacsmif;½dSonf/ ¤if;aoG; aMumrBuD;ESpfacsmif;onf OD; acgi;f cGx H t J xd0ifomG ;umta&; BuD;aom OD;aESmuftjcrf;BuD; ESpfjcrf;odkYaoG;ydkY ay;jcif;jzpf onf/ cE¨maA'ynm½Sirf sm;u carotid arteries [kac: onf/ tjcm;OD;aESmufoYkd aoG;ydYk onfah oG;aMumrBu;D ESpaf csmif; rSmausm½dk;bufrS OD;acgif;cGH twGif;odkY0ifonf/ ¤if;aoG; aMumrsm;onf OD;aESmufn§m wH(brain stem)ESifh OD;aESmuf i,f(cerebellum)odYk aoG;ydjYk cif; wm0efudk xrf; aqmifonf/ OD;aESmufodkYaoG;ydkYonfh aoG;aMumrBuD;av;acsmif; onf twG i f ; wG i f puf 0 d k i f ; ywfqufpyfoGm;NyD; twGif; wGifaygif;qHkoGm;Muonf/ odkY aomf t"duaoG;a&mufaom ae&mrsm;rSm uGJjym;Muonf/ vnfyif;ta½SUbufaoG;aMum BuD;ESpfacsmif;rSaoG;ydkYaom OD;aESmuftjcrf;BuD;ESpfjcrf;\ tvkyw f m0efrmS pum;ajymjcif;? pOf ; pm;awG ; ac:jcif ; ?pd w f todOmPf? pdwful;pdwfoef; rsm;udkvkyfaqmifay; onf/ taemufzufjcrf;rS aoG; ydkYonfhOD;aESmuf½dk;wH(tn§m) onf touf½Ijcif;ESifh ESvHk; ckefjcif;? tvdktavsmufwkefY jyefjcif;rsm;udkvkyfaqmifay; onf/ OD;aESmufi,fonf cE¨m udk,f[efcsufudk xdef;nd§ay; aomtvk y f u d k vk y f a qmif onf/ aq;ynmESifhcE¨maA' avh v m awG U ½d S c suf r sm;rS m us,fjyefYojzifh tusOf;rQom wifjyjcif;jzpfonf/ tat;ywfcH&olwpfOD; onf tjyifxu G v f rf;avQmuf aomtcg taEG;xnfxlxl 0wfxm;aomfvnf; vnfyif;

tat;ywfí avjzwfjcif; Munf v G i f j rif h ( rk j 'm)

wGiv f NkH cKH atmifywfrxm;aom tcgvnfyif;a½SUjcrf;ab;ESpf zufraS oG;aMumBu;D ESpaf csmif; rSmtat;ywfzNYJGy;D usHKUoGm;av onf/ a&ydkufxdyfzsm;udkzdrd vdu k v f Qiaf &yef;xGuo f mG ;onf udjk rifz;l ?awGUzl;Muygvdrrhf nf/ xkdYtwl yifaoG;aMumusKHUNyD; n§pv f u kd o f jzifOh ;D aESmuftwGi;f wGifzdtm;wufNyD; aoG;aMum i,fuav;rsm;aygufoGm;Edkif onf/ xkdtcgrl;vmNyD; vJus oGm;Edik o f nf/ odrYk [kwf pum; rajymEdik af wmhbaJ vjzwfomG ; Edik o f nf/ wpfcgw&HwiG af oG;aMum twGif;arsmygaeaomaoG;cJ i,fav;rsm;onf acsmif;a& wGiaf rsmvmaom 'du k ?f oa&m rsm;uJ h o d k Y OD ; aES m uf t wG i f ; a&mufomG ;Ny;D ydwq f &Ykd mrS av jzwfEdkifonf/ xdkaoG;cJrsm; onfvnfyif;aoG;aMumrBu;D rsm;rSwqifah rsmyga&muf½o Sd mG ; jcif;jzpfonf/ xkaYd Mumifh vnf yif;tat;rywfzt Ykd a&;Bu;D yg onf/ tJ,m;uGef;ESifhtdyfpuf olrsm;owdxm;&efrmS tat; 'D*&Dudk tjrifhqHk; 16 'D*&D pifw*D &dwt f xd rxm;oifyh g/ 25 'D*&DpifwD*&dwf0ef;usif omxm;oifhygonf/ tJ,m; uGef;udk tdyf,m acgif;&if; bufrSmrxm;oifhyg/ tcef; usOf;vQif ydkíowdxm;&yg rnf/ wpfem&DzGifhNyD; tvdkt avQmufjyefydwfonfh timer oHk;oifhygonf/ xdkYtwl yef umzGit hf yd v f Qiv f nf; OD;acgif; ESifh&ifbwfwnfhwnfhodkY av at;wdkuf½dkufra&mufap&ef owdûyyg/ &ifbwfwnfhwnfh okYd yefumzGit hf yd o f jzifh tat; ywfNyD; &ifbwfwGifcRJydwfqdkY um toufaoqHk;ol? av jzwfolrsm;½dScJhzl;ygonf/ jywif;aygufzGifhtdyfol rsm;vnf;avjzwfEikd yf gonf/ aeYylíncsrf;onfh waygif; v (azazmf0g&DEiS rhf wfv)rsm; wGit f jzpfrsm;ygonf/ jywif; aygufrS eHeufvif;ydkif;tdyf aysmfaecsdefwGif avat;0if vmojzifhrodvdkufbJ vnf yif;ESifh&ifbwfwGif tat; ywfumavjzwfEdkifygonf/ toufBuD;olvlBuD;ydkif;rsm;

ydkíowdûyzdkYvdkonf/ jywif; aygufudkacgif;ûyírtdyfrd&ef owdûyMuyg/ tcsdKUolrsm;onf ntdyf ,m0ifvQif a&csdK;NyD;rStdyf aomtusifh½dSonf/ tcsdKUrSm eHeuftdyf,mxvQifxjcif; oGm;wdkufrsufESmopfNyD; a& csdK;avh½dSMuonf/ þtûyt rlrsm;udk aEGESifhrdk;wGif tjypf rqdkomaomfvnf; aqmif; &moDwGif rûyvkyfoifhay/ n uxnfhxm;aom nodyfa& udyk if aqmif;wGirf csdK;oifyh g/ csufjcif;iif,al oma&? pD;vm aoma&? aEG;axG;aoma& udk om csdK;oifhygonf/ vnfyif;½d;k uGi;f usD;aygif; wufa&m*gjzifh vnfyif;wGif a'gufywfxm;olrsm;udk awGY zl;Muygvdrfhrnf/ vnfyif;½dk; uGif;wGif twufuJhodkYxGuf aeaomusD;aygif;u OD;aESmuf twGif;odkYaoG;ydkYaom aoG; aMumBuD ; ud k zd r d a xmuf r d aomtcg aoG ; aMumyd w f vdkufovdkjzpfNyD; OD;aESmufodkY aoG; ra&mufojzifh csmcsm vnf rl;oGm;wwfonf/ rl;NyD; vJ u sEd k i f o nf / þtwG u f umuG,&f ef vnfyif;axmuf ywfay;xm;&jcif;jzpfonf/ vnfyif;usD;aygif;wuforl sm; onf tjyifxu G v f Qiv f nfyif; axmuf(a'guf)ywfxm;vQif taumif;qHk;jzpfonf/ avjzwfjcif;taMumif; trsdK;rsdK;½dS&mwGif tat;ywf íavjzwfjcif;rSm tjzpftrsm; qHk;jzpfNyD; toufi,folrsm; wGiyf gjzpfEikd o f nf/ ig;vorD; t½G , f u av;i,f tat; ywfí yg;½GUJ oGm;onfukd uko ay;&zl;ygonf/ vlBu;D ydik ;f ESihf ouf B uD ; ½G , f t d k r sm;rS m yd k í tjzpfrsm;onf/ jrefrmjynf wGif oHk;&moD½dSonfhteuf rdk;wGif;ESifhaqmif;wGif;wGif avjzwf o l r sm;rS m tat; ywfjcif;aMumifjh zpfonf/ av jzwfolvlBuD;tawmfrsm;rsm; rSm eHeufapmapmESin hf aeçae 0ifcsdefwGif jzpfavh½dSonf/ tat;ywf j cif ; ud k txl ; owdûyjcif;jzifh avjzwfjcif;rS a½SmifEikd Mf uygap/ Munf v G i f j rif h ( rk j 'm)

www.shadejournal.com

opömw&m; xGef;n§dxm;wJU ntcif; pdwfvdkvuf&NyHK;aewJh rif;yg;csdKifhav;xJrSm wpfb0pmtdypf ufcsifw,f wpfpHkwpfa,mufukd jyif;jyif;&S&Sowd&wkdif; tvGr;f awGu tdraf jc&majcrJo h mG ;cJh pdwful;awGudk tpGrf;ukefqefYxkwf Zmwford ;f ykid ;f a&muf&if Zmwfvrf;uaumif;oGm;rSmyg yef;wkdifa&muf&if aysmufysufoGm;r,fhpum;vHk;awGudk avxJudkvTifhypfvkduf (Mum;pum;awGu ,HkMunfcsifp&mraumif;bl;) igwdEYk pS af ,muf&UJ opömw&m;udk bk&m;ocifrSwpfyg; b,folawGodEkdifrSmvJ a&SUjzpfa[mq&mr[kwfawmhvnf; ted|m½HkawGudkBudKrawG;xm;bl; b0wpfc&k UJ tp[m t"dygÜ ,fwpfc&k UJ tqH;k vm; aygif;pnf;jcif;edrdwfqdkwm q|rtm½Hx k rJ mS yJt&dyx f ifw,f &if&ifcsif;tvif;jyefcjhJ yefNyyD J tarSmifurkd ;D n§rd aeeJaY wmh b,fvdkyJajy;ajy; onftrd;k atmufurvGwaf jrmufEidk rf aS wmh eHeufr;dk aomuftvif;ra&mufcif tarSmifut kd &nfazsmfvYkd pdwfvdkvuf&NyHK;aewJhrif;yg;csdKifhav;xJrSm wpfb0pmtdypf ufcsifNyu D , G /f / oufZifvwf

jynfyEkdifiHrsm;wGif wufa&mufcJUonfU aqG;aEG;yGrJ sm;tawGt Y BuKH &iS ;f vif;yGu J si;f y rauG;ynma&;aumvdyf tm;upm;½Hkcef;rü 17.1.2012 aeYvnf(2;30)tcsderf S nae(4;30)tcsdet f xd jynfyEkid if rH sm; wGifwufa&mufcJhonfh aqG;aEG;yGJrsm;tawGUtBuHK&Sif;vif;yGJ usif;ycJhonf/ aqG;aEG;yGw J iG f vkyif ef;cGit f BuKd q&mtwwfynm'Dyvdrk m oifwef;trSwpf Of(15^10)'kw, d ESpo f ifwef;ol rarmfarmfpef; u ]puFmylqDrDemtawGUtBuHKrsm;}udkvnf;aumif;? rauG; ynma&;aumvdyf yef;csDtEkynm|merS enf;jyq&m OD;rk;d ausmf olu ]*syefausmif;usef;rma&;tawGUtBuHKrsm;}udkvnf; aumif;? y½dk*sufwmjzifh a[majym&Sif;vif;Muonf/ a[majym&Sif;vif;yGJtNyD;wGif aqG;aEG;ar;jref;csufrsm;udk rarmfarmfpef;ESiq hf &mOD;rd;k ausmfow l u Ykd jyefvnf&iS ;f vif; ajzMum; íausmif;tkyfBuD;OD;atmifbodef;u oHk;oyfpum; ajymMum; umtcrf;tem;ud½k w k o f rd ;f cJo h nf/ wifvif;aZmf *RefcspfNidrf;

21


Ekid if w H um½ky&f iS af vmutxdawmufyaewJh

tkduf&Sf0g,m½dkif; tdE, d´ ½ky&f iS rf if;orD;acsm tdu k &f 0fS g,m½dik ;f Aishwarya Rai rSmatmifjrifausmfMum;vsuf&o dS nfh xGef;vif;awmufyaewJh atmifjrifrIuGef,ufudk &&Sdxm;oljzpfygonf/ ,cktcg tdE´d,EkdifiHrS abmvD;0k'f½kyf&Sifrif;orD;tdkuf&Sf0g ,m½dkif;rSm taemufwkdif;½kyf&Sif tEkynmavmuxJo0Ykd ifa&mufx;dk azmufprG ;f aqmifEidk &f efjyKvkyzf efw;D BuKd ;pm;vsuf&o dS nf/ olr rSm vd&k ;D ,Jvf L'Ore'al tvSuek v f yk if ef;\ rsufEmS opftvS tyykid q f idk o f l tvSr,ftvS&iS t f jzpf jyifopfEidk if H ude;f NrKd Uawmf Cannes odYk jyefvnfa&muf&v dS mrnfjzpfNy;D ? tdE, d´ ½ky&f iS af bmvD;0k'jf yyGJ wpfcktwGufNAdwdef Britain? tar&duefjynfaxmifpk US ESifh uae'gEkdifiHwdkYodkY c&D;pOfvSnfhvnf rnfjzpfonf/olryg0ifo½kyfaqmifxm;onfhtaemufwkdif;½kyf&SifZmwfum;tcsdKUrSmrif;orD; rm&Dpx&pfyf Meryl Streep u tdr&f iS rf tjzpf o½kyf aqmifxm;Ny;D xdt k rd &f iS rf tm;jzifh ab;tEÅ&m,frS u,fwifjcif; cH&ol jynfw h efqmrtjzpfyg0ifo½kyaf qmifxm;aom aumvif; qm&Datm Colien Serreau \ csmtdp k f Chaos ½ky&f iS Zf mwfum;? vlowfuiG ;f [kt"dygÜ ,f&onfh uD;vfvif;zD;vf'pf f The Killing Fields ½ky& f iS Zf mwfum;½du k u f ;l wifqufol ½dv k ef*sdKzD; Roland Joffe rS½u kd u f ;l aom NAw d o d Q udv k ekd jD zpfc&hJ onft h Ed , d´ Ekid if t H aMumif;orkid ;f ESiq hf idk af ompdw0f ifpm;zG,&f mxl;jcm;csuf[t k "dygÜ ,f &aompif*kvm&pfwD Singularity ½kyf&SifZmwfum;ESifh 2012ckESpfwGif atmifjrifausmfMum;cJhaom bef'Y t f pfxv f u kd cf b f uf(uf)[rf; Bend It Like Beckham½ky&f iS Zf mwfum;½du k u f ;l wifqufNy;D onfh aemufemrnf&vmonfh 'g½du k w f m*l&if'gcsm 'g Gurinder Chadha ½du k u f ;l wifqufonfh b½du k 'f t f eJ f y&D*sL'pfBride And Prejudice½ky&f iS Zf mwfum;wdjYk zpfonf/Ekid if w H um taemufwidk ;f ½ky&f iS Zf mwfum; rsm;wGiyf g0ifo½kyaf qmif½u kd u f ;l ay;cJjh cif;aMumifh olronf tdE, d´ ½ky&f iS f abmvD;0k'u f pkd eG v Yf w T f cJhNyD[krqdkvdkyg/ 2003 ckESpftwGif; ½dkuful;wifqufcJhonfh tdE´d,½kyf&SifZmwfum;av;um; Our Indian Films xJwGif yg0if o½kyfaqmifxm;NyD; aemufxyf½kyf&SifZmwfum;ig;um; Five Films wGif yg0ifo½kyaf qmifco hJ nf/ a[mvD;0k'½f yk &f iS af vmuxJwiG f olra&muf&v dS mjcif;rSm ,HMk unfpw d cf s&eftenf;i,ftcuf tcJwpfcu k kd &SmazGawGU&S&d ygonf/ ]'gayr,fh ,cktcgrSmawmh trSew f u,ftwGuf tJ'u D aejzpf Ekid zf , G &f m&Syd gw,fqw kd mudu k Refrod&edS m;vnfoabmaygufygw,f/aemufxyfvw l idk ;f wHcg;awG zGifhxm;zdkYeJY tusdK;jyK taxmuftul,l&wJhtdE´d,½kyf&Sifutaemufwkdif;&JUEkdifiHwum½kyf&Sif vkyif ef;xJukd xk;d azmuf0ifa&mufjzwfausmfzYkd tdE, d´ tEkynmqkid w f v hJ rT ;f rd;k vmrIyjJ zpfygw,f}[k olr\arQmv f ifch sufukd ajymjyygonf/ od&Yk mwGif qE´tmoDojyif;jypGmjzpfaejcif;u pd;k &dryf yl efru I kd vnf;jzpfay:vmygonf/ ]uRefr&JU ESpo f rd ahf useyfrI &&Sw d ahJ e&m0ef;usifuaea&SUodaYk vQmufvrS ;f vsufyg/aemufwpfzefxyfrNH y;D awmhtopfa&muf&v dS mol Newcomer wpf a,mufjzpfzYkd tJ'aD jrm§ uf

yifh c,rIawGtm;vHk;udk xm;&SdxGufcGmvmygw,f}[k olruajymygonf/ jyifopfvrl sdK; 'g½du k w f mwpfO;D jzpfol aumvif;qm&Datmf\csmtdpk f Chaos ½ky&f iS Zf mwf um;wGif rm&Dpx&dyEf iS t hf wly;l wGJ yg0ifo½kyaf qmifay;&efa&G;cs,fowfrw S jf cif;cH&onf/ rlvemrnf tac: ta0:twlwlyifjzpfaomt*Fvdyfbmompum;jzifh jyefvnf½dkuful;zefwD;xkwfvkyfwifquf xm;onfh pdwf0ifpm;zG,f&m jyifopfZmwfvrf; French DramaxJwGif vlqdk;rsm;tm;jzifh olronf tEkid u f sifch &H Ny;D aemufrif;orD;px&dy\ f Zmwf aqmifp½du k t f m;jzifh olrudt k ultnDay;cJyh u kH o kd ½kyf aqmifwifqufxm;jcif;jzpfonf/ olronf tifrufcpf Imax Film rS½u fkd u f ;l wifqufrnfh ½ky&f iS Zf mwfum;wGiv f nf; yg0if o½kyf aqmifay;xm;ygonf/ Zmwfum;trnfrSm Taj Mahal w*sfr[Jvfjzpfonf/ eD&Sm&Sm&frm Nisha SharmaZmwfvrf;jzpfonfh jzpf&yfre S Zf mwfum;xJwiG yf g0ifo½kyaf qmifay;&efjzpfNy;D owdo Yk rD;buf rSygvmonfh r*Fvmcef;0ifypön;f aiGaMu;awmif;qdck sufrsm;aMumifv h ufxyfxrd ;f jrm;&efjiif;qef onfh tdE´d,vlrsdK;trsdK;orD;wpfOD;\jzpf&yfrSefZmwfvrf;jzpfonf/olronfNAdwdoQvlrssd; 'g½dkuf wmbmwef &efa'gvf Barton Randall ESit hf wl uREfyk o f &d *dS ½kpu kd yf gw,f[k t"dygÜ ,f& I Know andcare ½ky&f iS Zf mwfum;twGuv f nf;yJ ½ky&f iS Zf mwfum;wGzJ ufppD Ofxw k v f yk o f El iS hf yg0ifo½kyaf qmifot l jzpf yg0ifco hJ nf/ o½kyaf qmifrif;orD; tku d &f 0fS g,m½dik ;f uawmh Ekid if w H um½ky&f iS &f ifjyifay:wGif xGe;f vif;awmufyvsuf . . . . /

22

www.shadejournal.com

Shade Journal Vol:6,No-6


q&meE´(r[mrdw)f

•09-2038270

azazmf0g&D 1- rS 7-2012 &ufaeYtxd

4.1.2012aeY? 63Burd af jrmuf vGwv f yfa&;aeYtxdr;f trSwf tjzpf rEÅav;wkdif;a'oBuD; ykodrfBuD;NrdKUe,f? ESrf;BuJaus;&Gm tkypf k a&awmf&mG ? y&[dwwGb J uf t.r.uausmif;wGif rEÅav; NrdKUawmifpvif;wkdufopf&Sd Ak'¨bmomçomoemjyefYyGm;a&;t oif;csKyf\ tpDtpOfjzifh aumfrwD0ifOD;pdkif;0if;armifESifhtzGJUrS oGm;a&mufí tm;upm;NyKd ifyrJG sm;? aysmfy&JG iT yf rJG sm;ESihf qkay;yGrJ sm; usif;yjyKvkyfay;cJhMuonf/

we*FaEG tvkyfwGif pdwfnpfp&mudpöay:rnf/ y&dabm*ypönf;rsm; 0ifrnf/ usef;rma&;nHah ewwf\/ pyfwt l vkyv f yk v f ykd gu acwå qkid ;f xm;yg/ qGBJ uKd ;? vufpyG pf onfh vuf0wf&wemrsm;0ifrnf/ tcspfa&;taejzifh tnHyh idk ;f umva&mufaernf/ ,Mwm/ /iSufvGwfukodkvfjyKyg/ tusdK;ay;(0? 5? 6)

wevFm usef;rma&;ydik ;f wGif rqdpk avmuftnHBh uKH rnf/ vltrsm;\ ,HMk unftm;ud;k jcif;udck &H rnf/ bmoma&;vkyaf v oift h wGuf tusdK;&Sdav[lonfhumvjzpf\/ rdrdxuf touf? &mxl;BuD; aomtrsdK;orD;Bu;D rsm;\ tultnD&rnf/ a&T&ydS gu xGuw f wf onf/ tcspfa&;taejzifh tqifrajyrItcsdKU&Sad ernf/ ,Mwm/ /EGm;EkdY(1)cGufbk&m;vSLyg/ tusdK;ay;(1? 4? 0)

t*Fg aysmfp&maumif;aomc&D;xGu&f wwf\/ bmoma&;qkid &f m yHkawmfrsm;<uvmrnf/ vufzsm;aiGoD;awmhrnfhumvjzpf\/ tvkyrf sm;atmifjrifrnf/ a&T0ifwwfonf/ tcspfa&;taejzifh ysdK&G,o f rl sm; tvGerf sufEmS yGiv hf ef;ygrnf/ ,Mwm/ /bk&m;pifoefY&Sif;a&;jyKvkyfyg/ tusdK;ay;(7? 0? 8)

Ak'[ ¨ ;l

umwG e f ; (atau)

tdE, d´ aumifppf0efcsKy(f rEåav;)\ zdwfMum;csuft& tdE´d,ma*[mwGif yef;f csq D &m20OD;pkaygi;f a&;qGJ

tvkyfopfwdk;csJU&wwfonf/ ajcaxmufwGifxdcdkufwwf onf/ bk&m;zl;c&D;oGm;&wwf\/ wefzdk;BuD;vQyfppfypönf;0if rnf/ vufaqmifypön;f rsm;rMumcP&rnf/ tcspfa&;taejzifh txD;usefqefvSaom umvwpfckyifjzpf\/ ,Mwm/ /c&D;p&dwf'gejyKyg/ tusdK;ay;(9? 1? 3)

Mumoyaw; twku d t f cHjyKolrsm;rnf/ ajr(od)Yk tarG&wwf\/ raumif; owif;vTiu hf m tjypfajymjcif;cH&wwfonf/ t0wftxnfEiS hf zdeyfopfrsm;0ifrnf/ tvkyfwGif tBuD;tuJESifhoabmxm;uGJ vGJwwf\/ tcspfa&;taejzifh cspfoltvdkvdkufavsmjcif;jzifh Nird ;f at;rIu&kd ,lyg/ ,Mwm/ /t&yf(8)rsufESmarwåmydkYyg/ tusdK;ay;(1? 4? 2)

aomMum uGJaeaomrdwfaqGrsm;ESifhjyefqHkrnf/ pyfwltvkyfatmif jrifygrnf/ &yfa0;rSowif;aumif;rsm;Mum;&rnf/ xifrw S rf xm; aomc&D;a0;wpfco k mG ;&rnf/ aetdrjf yKjyif&wwfonf/ usef;rm a&;csLcsmovdjk zpfrnf/ tcspfa&;uHtxl;aumif;\/ ,Mwm/ /bk&m;wGifaomufawmfa&oufapYylaZmfyg/ tusdK;ay;(2? 5? 4)

pae

umwGef;(*RefcspfNidrf;)

Shade Journal Vol:6,No-6

rEÅav;NrdKU? tdE´d,aumifppf0efcsKyf½Hk;rS aumifppf0efcsKyf a'gufwmr'rfr[ kd rfaqwD\ zdwMf um;csuft& Zefe0g&D 23&uf aeYu rEÅav;NrKd UrS yef;csDq&m 20OD;wdu Yk trSw(f r-24^1-z)? odyv HÜ rf;? 67_68vrf;Mum;? csrf;jrompnfNrKd Ue,f? tdE, d´ a*[m wGif pkaygif;yef;csDa&;qGJMuaMumif;od&onf/ yef;csDa&;qGrJ u I kd eHeuf 10em&DrS nae 4em&Dtxd jyKvky&f m rEÅav;yef;csDq&mrsm;jzpfMuaom yef;csDnKd jym? ausmfaiG? udBk u;D ? tif*gOD;? ñGefYa0opf? vSxGef;? ausmfrkd;om? OD;aZmf0if;? aZmfrif; jrwf? a':csdKcsdKatmif? jrifx h eG ;f (rEÅav;)? rif;[efausmf? qef;xl;? bdu k u kd Okd ;D ? aeaZmf? atmifoef;? pd;k atmif? wifarmifat;? udu k kd vGifESifhaumif;aZmfwdkYvma&mufa&;qGJMuonf/ a&;qGJNyD;aom yef;csDum;rsm;udk 63Burd af jrmuf tdE, d´ or®wEkid if aH wmfaeY tvH wiftcrf;tem;wGif jyocJo h nf/ 63Burd af jrmuf tdE, d´ or®wEkid if aH wmfaeY tvHwiftcrf; tem;udk 2012ckESpf? Zefe0g&Dv 26&ufaeY? eHeuf(9)em&DwGif usif;ycJNh y;D tcrf;tem;wGiyf ef;csDjyyG?J ya[VdNyKd ifyEJG iS phf mpDpmuH;k NyKd ifyrJG sm;rS qk&olrsm;udt k Ed , d´ aumifppf0efcsKyf½;kH rSqrk sm;csD; jri§ hf cJhonf/ atmifjrihjf rif(h ppfuikd ;f )

www.shadejournal.com

yl;aygif;rIjzifh t&m&mwGiaf tmifjrifr&I rnf/ bmoma&;? vl rIa&;tzGJUrsm;wGifyg0if&wwfonf/ aqGrsdK;rsm;\ tultnD& rnf/ tjyma&mifjzifhuHaumif;rIudk&,lyg/ &efoltaygif;tm; atmifjrifrnf/ taMuma&m*g&rnf/ tcspfa&;taejzifh txl; om,mcsrf;ajrUrnf/ ,Mwm/ /tarT;wkdif(5)wkdifbk&m;vSLyg/tusdK;ay;(5? 9? 0)

&m[k(Ak'[ ¨ ;l aeY rGe;f vGyJ ikd ;f arG;zGm;olrsm;) tvkyfwGif tajymif;tvJBuHKrnf/ ra&mufzl;aoma'o c&D;ay:rnf/ &ifbwfatmifhaoma&m*gjzpfrnf/ jynfyESifhqkdif aom owif;rsm;Mum;&wwf\/ uGJuGmaeaomaqGrsdK;rsm;ESifh jyefqrkH nf/ tcspfa&;taejzifh r*Fvmtcgusa&mufvmEkid o f nf/ ,Mwm/ /bk&m;&ifjyifay:wHjrufpnf;vSJyg/tusdK;ay;(1?4? 7) uHaumif;rIawGeJU jyefvnfqHkawGUMuygap/ nandamaharmate@gmail.com SHADE JOURNAL Room(A17S), 2nd Floor,77thSt; Bet: 31st x32nd, Mandalay. Email;mailshade2011@gmail.com

23


B

SUPPLEMTARY

www.shadejournal.com

Shade Journal Vol:6,No-6


shade 6-6