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Make your aquarium a success


The right aquarium

Page

4

The right plants

Page

6

The right fish

Page

8

Tropica ABC: This is how you start

Page 10

Layout inspiration

Page 14

Product categories

Page 18

Plants from A to Z

Page 20

Product overview

Page 65

Appendix (planting)

Page 66


Make your dreams come true in 3 steps TROPICA’S GUIDE WILL HELP YOU MAKE THE RIGHT CHOICE IN 3 STEPS. THE INFORMATION IS FAR FROM EXHAUSTIVE, SO FOR MORE DETAILS, PLEASE GO TO TROPICA.COM. YOU WILL HAVE A MUCH BETTER CHANCE TO MAKE YOUR AQUARIUM A SUCCESS IF YOU SPEND SOME TIME STUDYING THE 3 STEPS IN THIS GUIDE: 1: The right aquarium. Large or small? Who will take care

2: The right plants. The choice of plants depends on the

3: The right fish. There are many fish to choose from and

of it and what has to be done every week? Are there any

amount of light in your aquarium in relation to its volume and

we cannot feasibly cover all of them in this guide. We have

equipment requirements for the aquarium to work? There are

on whether you intend to give your plants CO2 and fertiliser.

created categories with the most general species based on

many questions! Regardless of whether you are buying a new

To help you, Tropica has developed a brand new concept

their characteristics and we offer you examples to help you to

aquarium or you already have one, it is very important to know

with a symbol for each plant so that you can easily choose

choose what is right for your particular aquarium. Common

what your aquarium can offer your plants and fish.

the right plants for your aquarium. The symbols and their

to all planted aquariums is that we always recommend algae-

meanings are detailed on page 7. We give example layouts

eating fish, shrimps and snails.

for aquariums with plants and here the only limit will be your imagination! You can also see the videos and instructions at tropica.com.

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1: The right aquarium HERE YOU WILL FIND A DESCRIPTION OF THE MOST IMPORTANT CONDITIONS YOU HAVE TO BE FAMILIAR WITH BEFORE CHOOSING AN AQUARIUM.

Aquarium choice is first and foremost a matter of taste. What

in all corners. The light is always strongest in the middle of the

and CO2 supply, but we recommend our own series �Plant

will it look like and where will it be situated in your living space?

aquarium and less intensive in the corners. If you do not already

Care� (information available at tropica.com).

Next, you have to decide who is to take care of the aquarium

have reflectors behind the light source, it is a good idea to install

and how much time will be spent on it every week. Also, when

them. They will reflect the light sending it down to the aquarium

An aquarium often needs heating. Most fish and plants require

it comes to aquariums and equipment, you get what you pay

thus maximising the effect of your light source.

the water temperature to be 22-25 degrees whereas special fish

for. Cheap starter layouts include limited equipment whereas the

such as Discus need 28-30 degrees. Remember to consult with

more expensive aquariums have better finish and better light.

In general, we recommend T5 fluorescent lamps for planted

your dealer. The simplest solution is an internal heater. Some

Regardless of your decision, both solutions can work provided

aquariums. Light that is close in spectrum to daylight is best

external filter models have a built-in heating element.

that your plant and fish choice are appropriate.

utilised by plants and provides accurate colour rendition. They

!

TIP: Please note that it is more difficult to achieve stability when you have a small aquarium of 30 litres compared to a larger aquarium of 100-200 litres.

can also grow very well with LED lighting. As far as operation

The function of the filter is to circulate the aquarium water, to

is concerned, the LED option is cheapest to run and does not

clean the aquarium from particles that can make the water ap-

generate heat like other light sources. Its initial price is quite high

pear cloudy and to biologically purify the aquarium water via the

and only a few types ensure optimal plant growth.

nitrogen cycle.

Apply fertiliser after 3-4 weeks when the plants have taken

4

Light is the most important energy source for plants. It is impor-

hold. CO2 is supplied from the beginning in order to speed up

tant to ensure that the light source is spread evenly over the

the growth of the plants and to enhance their colour. There are

surface of the aquarium so that the light can reach the plants

many options to choose from when it comes to both fertilisers


A specialist takes care of his/her aquariums every day.

The community aquarium is an adventure for the whole family.

The playroom – a standard starter layout can work nicely here. 5


2: The right plants WE HAVE MADE IT EASIER FOR YOU TO BECOME AN AQUARIST! WITH TROPICA’S UNIQUE SYMBOLS – EASY, MEDIUM AND ADVANCED – YOU CAN BE CERTAIN THAT YOU CHOOSE THE RIGHT PLANTS SUITABLE FOR YOUR AQUARIUM IN PARTICULAR! The concept in detail

Examples:

To make your aquarium a success you need to choose

1. The lighting levels supplied in many aquarium kits are often

the right plants. Many discover that their plants do not do well

relatively low. A 96-litre aquarium can be equipped with a fluore-

after planting. This is primarily due to purchasing a plant from

scent T8 18W lamp, so you should stock plants from the Easy

Medium or Advanced category, however, the aquarium does

category.

not offer enough light or CO2 that can help these plants grow! 2. A nano aquarium of 30 litres is equipped with an 18W Power When a plant dies, it breaks down and a large amount of nutri-

Compact lamp with good reflector. If you choose a CO2 solution

ents are released into the water. Nutrients from dead or dying

from Tropica’s Plant Care program, you can choose plants from

plants accumulate in the aquarium and cause algae to grow,

the Easy and Medium categories.

TIP: Remember

creating major problems in your aquarium. People often give up 3. If you are up for a greater challenge, you will find excellent

that the strongest light

quality aquariums in various sizes. Make sure that the light gives

is in the middle of the

Tropica would like to take co-responsibility for helping you to

at least 1 Watt per litre and that there is continuous CO2 supply.

aquarium. Therefore you

make your aquarium a success. Follow the directions for

If you follow these instructions, you can choose freely amongst

should place the most light-

choosing plants on the opposite page. Then you will be on the

Easy, Medium and Advanced plants.

demanding plants in the

and lose their interest in this hobby! We would like to fix this!

right path… 6

! middle of the aquarium!


The easy plants • These plants can thrive and grow well in low-light aquariums. • CO2 supply is recommended because the CO2 supply, despite the low light, ensures the growth of the plants. • The time expenditure per week is less than ½ hour because the plants grow slowly. • Bottom substrate at the beginning and liquid fertiliser for weekly use.

Plants that require a little extra • The plants require at least ½ watt per litre to thrive. • CO2 supply is recommended to help plants grow with good colour and density. • Weekly maintenance times of ½-1 hour will be required depending on the growth and development of the plants. • Bottom substrate and liquid fertilisers are required. Special

+ CO2 + extra light

fertiliser is recommended.

The most demanding plants • The plants require 1 Watt per litre or more to thrive fully. • Continuous CO2 supply of 15-25 mg per litre is required. • Maintenance time is 1-2 hours a week. The plant growth can pose challenges. • Bottom substrate and liquid fertiliser, including special fertiliser, are required.

+ ekstra CO2 + high lighting levels 7


Digging and plant-eating fish Territorial fish

3: The right fish ASK YOUR DEALER ABOUT WHAT WILL BE SUITABLE FOR YOU AND YOUR AQUARIUM. IN THE MEANTIME WE WILL GIVE YOU SOME GOOD TIPS. Livebearing fish

Shoaling fish

The right balance between plants and fish in the aquarium are

Livebearing fish, such as the guppy and platy are mostly

important for ensuring a healthy environment, which promotes

peaceful and brightly coloured. The female give birth to their

natural fish behaviour. Most fish feel safest if they can hide

young, which use dense plants – especially close to the surface

quickly and easily. People often prefer attractive colours and

– as a hiding place because the young get eaten. Some males

want to look at their fish in a densely planted aquarium.

fight over the females and the ones that lose also hide in the vegetation. Most livebearing fish eat algae and can potentially

In general, you should follow the advices below:

damage soft plants and moss. Territorial fish want to have their own space – either all the

• 1 cm fish per litre of aquarium water! This way you minimise Digging and herbivorous fish including goldfish and some

time or only when they are young. Cichlids belong to this group.

cichlids, and most algae-eating fish, eat moss as well. With

You can observe very exciting behaviour patterns when several

plant-eating fish you can choose thick, tough leaves (such as

pairs are put together in a planted aquarium so that the fish can

Shoaling fish such as tetras, rasboras and barbs, seek refuge

Anubias) or plants with strong flavour (such as Bacopa). Digging

establish their territory.

in large groups known as shoals. Dense plants will give safety

fish tend to get frightened by strong roots which must be mature

to the relatively few individuals (however, no less than 8-10 fish)

before the fish are introduced! You can also cover the roots with

you have room for. Plants with delicate leaves are often used for

stones or wood, which should keep the fish away.

the algae growth! • Always use algae-eating shrimps, snails or fish from the start.

laying eggs and therefore offer exciting breeding potential. 8

!

TIP: We can recommend Tropica’s Aquadecor range, which includes robust plants with their roots firmly fixed onto a tree root or a lava rock.


Community fish are fish that can share the aquarium with many other kinds of fish. Community fish comprise primarily of livebearers and shoaling fish, but if you rearrange the aquarium afterwards, it will be able to accommodate even more kinds of fish. Cichlids thrive if there are holes and hiding places, and gouramis and angelfish seek security amongst plants.

One out of many examples of fish that need higher temperatures are Discus. People often refrain from plants in Discus aquariums in order to facilitate the cleaning of the aquarium and the changing of water. If you want plants for your Discus, however, choose plants that grow naturally in places with high temperature. Cryptocoryne, Microsorum and Echinodorus are recommended.

Algae-eaters, shrimps and snails are very popular, especially in the smaller nano aquariums. Shrimps in particular do well with mosses. Many shrimp types are delicate, which is why Tropica has developed a plant series called 1-2-Grow! The plants are cultivated in a lab and are free from algae and pesticides. Shrimps are very good at keeping delicate-leaved plants such as Hemianthus, Marselia and Glossostigma free from algae whereas snails are perfect for large leaves, windows, stones and roots.

9


Tropica ABC: This is how you start Planning your aquarium is a prerequisite for achieving good

1. Find the appropriate pieces of wood, rocks, stones and other

results. Gain inspiration at your local dealer or at tropica.com

decorative elements you want to use in your hardscape. If you

before making your final choice. Spend the necessary time on

choose heavy stones, we can recommend adding polystyrene

planning – and by all means on drawing – the layout with the

at the bottom in order to protect the glass.

location of both decoration materials and plants.

2. Add about 1 cm substrate in the places where plants with strong roots will be planted. We recommend Tropica’s Plant

and other decorations – but no plants. Creating a hardscape is entirely up to your imagination. Some find it extremely interesting, others do not like it so much. You can compare this activity to standing before an easel and working with the paint brush. Most of us try to do their best, whereas diligent artists understand the colour setting, depth and perspective. Many competitions are arranged around the world to determine the aquascaper who can create the most impressive aquarium design. We can recommend that you start with hardscapes, no matter whether you have the talent of an artist or not…!

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distributed and it can slope upwards towards the rear wall of the aquarium. This way you achieve depth and perspective in your aquarium. 4. Finally, place the rocks, tree roots and any other decoration you like. Move around individual components and change their places, if necessary. It is now that you create room and perspective so that the aquarium layout design is just right for you.

FROM START TO CARE AND MAINTENANCE

Hardscape is an aquarium layout with gravel, rocks, tree roots

3. The bottom layer, which often consists of gravel, is carefully

Growth Substrate.

!

TIP! You can find many hardscape examples in step-by-step guides at tropica.com


The easiest way to plant in the aquarium is at a water

When introducing a new aquarium, the first 90 days are

level of just a few centimetres from the bottom. Many aquarists

critical. To put it simply, the aquarium and the aquatic environ-

traditionally plant their plants when the aquarium is full, but this

ment must be in balance with regards plant growth, fish popula-

way it can be difficult to orient yourself in the water and to plant

tion and filtration. The plants have to adapt to the new conditions

properly in the gravel.

at a time where algae can thrive.

Carefully pour the water down a saucer when refilling in order to avoid stirring up the bottom until the water level is approx. 2 cm

We advise you to follow the steps below:

above the gravel. Have a spray-mister ready in order to keep the

1. Set the lighting time to 6 hours a day in the first 2-3 weeks.

plants damp while you are working. The plants can easily get by

Then you can increase to 8-10 hours a day.

when they are kept wet! See the Appendix on page 66-67 for

2. It is a good idea to provide CO2 from day 1.

more information on handling specific plant types such as stem

3. Change the water 25-50% a couple of times a week in the

and rhizome plants.

first 3-4 weeks. After that, change approx. 25% of the water

Day 1. The aquarium is planted and filled with water. Start with 6 hours of light a day.

once a week. 4. No fertiliser or a limited amount of fertiliser during the first 3-4 weeks. The plants contain plenty of nutrients already from the nursery, which is sufficient to establish a root network. 5. Fast-growing plants such as Egeria and Limnophila, can be planted permanently or removed at a later date once the aquarium is balanced. Fast-growing plants absorb the excess

Day 20. The plants have taken hold – but the aquarium is not balanced yet. Beware of possible algae growth.

nutrients and therefore minimise the growth of algae. 6. Introduce algae-eating snails and shrimps as soon as possible after start-up. 7. We recommend that the introduction of fish is delayed for 3-4 weeks until the plants have established. In other respects, follow the fish stocking guidelines for new aquariums. 8. Check the equipment – does the plug-in-timer operate the lighting effectively, is the CO2 supply sufficient, is the filter running, is the temperature OK?

!

Day 90. The desired result - good plant growth, great colour and transparent water - is achieved.

TIP! Download App with Tropica’s 90-day start-up guide at tropica.com.

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Maintenance Once you get going and the aquarium is developing properly, you have to start with more general maintenance: 1. Changing approx. 25% of the water every week prevents the accumulation of hazardous substances in the aquarium and limits the algae growth. 2. Waste products in the form of dead plant matter etc. should be removed as soon as possible. Their breakdown uses oxygen and produces nutrients that destroys the balance and promotes algae growth. 3. Check the aquarium equipment regularly in order to make sure that any faults and defects will be rectified and that a stable environment will be maintained. 4. The plant growth is now in full swing and a liquid fertiliser has to be added. Start carefully and with a dose smaller than the recommended. Increase the dose gradually according to the plants’ reaction to the fertiliser. A good rule of thumb is that leaves or plants become lighter/transparent when they lack fertiliser. 5. Check for algae on a regular basis. The first sign is unclear water, accumulations on the glass, leaves or decorative materials, or possibly fine threads. If the algae become visible, it will be much more difficult to suppress them! Algae are reduced by changing the water, reducing the amount of fertiliser, introducing more fast-growing plants and algae-eaters. You can find more information at tropica.com.

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!

TIP: Overfeeding your fish is the most common cause of algae problems. Follow your dealer’s instructions.


Trimming The growth rate of the plants is very different and so is their trimming. Extensive trimming can disturb the balance in the aquarium, which is why little and often trimming is preferable. This way the aquarium will look presentable all the time. Trim stem plants (1) by regularly clipping the longest shoots

!

TIP! You can find many examples of how to trim your aquarium in step-by-step guides at tropica.com

leaving one of the bottom leaves and cutting the rest, then replant the shoots in the group. New shoots will emerge from the

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

trimmed stem. The bottom layer and moss (2) are trimmed like a lawn, in backward direction, in order to achieve fast new growth. Echinodorus, bulbs and tubers (3) are trimmed by removing the outer leaves of the rosette and/or leaves that cast shadows over the surface. For Cryptocoryne (4), remove the yellow or damaged leaves. When the group becomes too dense, remove whole plants. Stolons (5) are trimmed if they invade the surrounding plants. The oldest plants can be replaced with stolons from time to time. Rhizome plants (6) are slow-growing plants. The rhizome stem itself is trimmed between a bunch of leaves when the plant becomes too big. New shoots will form from the leaf base.

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Layout inspiration LET YOUR AQUARIUM DREAM COME TRUE. HERE WE OFFER YOUR FOUR INSPIRATIONAL LAYOUTS TO HELP INSPIRE YOU.

Scan the QR code with your smart-phone or click on the play icon (when you are online) to view a step-by-step guide from start-up to the final result. Each layout is presented with a brief description (more details

!

TIP: The symbols Easy, Medium and Advanced indicate the plant selection we recommend for your specific aquarium.

are available at tropica.com), a list of plants and the associated layout drawing. The symbols on each aquarium refer to the description on page 7 and specify the plants we recommend in relation to how much light the aquarium offers - how much light does your aquarium offer?

A. Taxiphyllum barbieri (x2) B. Cryptocoryne wendtii ‘Tropica’ (x2) C. Staurogyne repens (x2) D. Echinodorus ‘Reni’ (x1)

LAYOUT 43 BY TONY SWINNEY (30L) Cubens 30 x 30 cm is perfect for a simple hardscape with only one root placed in the middle of the aquarium. The root will look more natural over time because it will be covered with moss. The shape of the root is suitable for Anubias. Cryptocoryne wendtii ‘Tropica’ and Echinodorus ‘Reni’ contribute to the red shades of the root which emphasise the fresh green Staurogyne in the foreground.

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E. Echinodorus bleheri (x1) F. Vallisneria nana (x1) G. Anubias barteri var. nana (x2)


LAYOUT 44 BY MARK EVANS (200L) Mark has designed a dramatic rock landscape where the eye

A. Alternanthera reineckii ’Purple’ (x1)

H. Rotala rotundifolia (x1)

is caught in the light green, luxuriant foreground and guided to-

B. Aponogeton crispus ’Red’ (x2)

I. Pogostemon stellata (x2)

C. Echinodorus tenellus (x6)

J. Vesicularia ferriei ‘Weeping’ (x2)

wards the centre of the aquarium. Here we meet an abundance of colours and shapes. Dark green moss and a dense tenellus forest frame the V-shaped edge. The colourful stem plants are challenging but if you succeed, they will be a nice contrast to

D. Hemianthus callitrichoides ’Cuba’ (x8) E. Hemianthus micranthemoides (x1) F. Ludwigia arcuata (x2) G. Pogostemon helferi (x2)

the peaceful green foreground.

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LAYOUT 45 BY EDUARD GERCOG (180L) A natural layout with a focus on different shapes and colours.

A. Anubias sp. ‘Petite’ (x4)

H. Ludwigia repens ‘Rubin’ (x3)

Even though the aquarium is full of colours, the plants used are

B. Bolbitis heudelotii (x2)

I. Microsorum pteropus ‘Narrow’ (x2)

C. Cryptocoryne wendtii ’Green’ (x3)

J. Monosoleum tenerrum (x1)

D. Cryptocoryne willisii (x3)

K. Myriophyllum mattogrossense (x4)

E. Echinodorus quadricostatus (x5)

L. Nymphaea lotus (x2)

F. Eleocharis parvula (x10)

M. Vesicularia ferriei ‘Weeping moss’ (x5)

relatively easy to care for. The aquarium is maintenance-friendly and will reach balance fast owing to many plants and a good composition of fast-growing plants at the back and front, and stable, easy plants in the middle of the aquarium.

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G. Hydrocotyle tripartita (x3)


LAYOUT 46 BY DAN CRAWFORD (200L) The plants from the Easy category are not only for starter

A. Anubias barteri var. caladiifolia (YLX, x3)

G. Microsorum pteropus ‘Windeløv’ (ZWS, x2)

aquariums – they are also used in large, luxuriant and lavish

B. Echinodorus osiris (x3)

H. Pogostemon helferi (YLS, x5)

aquariums with minimum maintenance. Most plants have to be trimmed a few times a year and the aquarium will look luxuriant and healthy for a long time when you supply liquid fertilisers and

C. Echinodorus quadricostatus (x3) D. Echinodorus tenellus (x5) E. Microsorum pteropus (YLS, x2) F. Cryptocoryne becketii ’Petchii’ (YLS, x5)

CO2. It requires less than ½ hour of maintenance a week!

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Our world of beautiful aquarium plants: EACH PRODUCT FROM TROPICA HAS BEEN TESTED AND ADAPTED SO THAT WE GIVE EACH PLANT THE BEST POSSIBLE START WHEN IT LEAVES THE NURSERY. OUR PRODUCT RANGE IS WIDE AND CAN COVER ALL YOUR NEEDS IN A PLANT AQUARIUM. BELOW IS AN OVERVIEW OF THE GROUPS OF PLANTS WE OFFER:

Pots are brimming with plants

AquaDecor are products

and have lots of mass and

where the plants grow on tree

healthy, well-developed roots.

roots or lava stones. The

Most pots can be divided

products are very lifelike from

into several portions

the beginning and create depth as soon as they are

or individual

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plants which

Tuberous plants are Nymphaea or

introduced in the aquarium.

are planted separately.

Aponogeton. Each tuber with an incipient

Often they can be used for fish that

Code: POT

shoot. The plants grow fast after being

eat or dig up the plants such as goldfish and cichlids.

planted and become relatively big. A

Code W (wood) - M (mini) are 7-10 cm, S (small) are 12-

sticker with the level of difficulty and infor-

25 cm and X (large) are 30-40 cm. Code L (lava stone) –

mation about the plant is included

S (small) are 7-15 cm and X (large) are 20-30 cm, Code

with each tuber. Code: KN

Z – suction disc at one end of the root.


Moss is sold in portions in sealed plastic containers. There is a big difference between mosses, but all of them make the aquarium more luxuriant and give it greater depth. Can be tied to stones or tree roots where they will form hanging gardens. Perfect for laying eggs for different fish. Code: POR

Floating plants are sold in portions in a sealed plastic container. The plants give the aquarium another dimension thanks to their hanging roots

XL pots are extra large

and their fast growth limits the growth of algae.

plants which are more robust

Ideal as plants that indicate the fertiliser level in

and give immediate luxuri-

the aquarium and perfect as a hiding place for

ance. Can be used together

young fish.

with AquaDecor products in

Code: POR

Cichlid aquariums. Code XL

Bunches are groups of young plants or stems brought

NEW! 1-2-Grow! Consists of small plants straight from

together with the help of a small anchor. They have a few or

the lab in sealed containers. The plants are free from snails,

no roots. Roots are formed very soon after planting. They

algae and pesticides. Nutrient-jelly remnants are rinsed

are relatively easy, fast-growing plants which are excellent

thoroughly before planting and the small plants have to be

for the start-up phase.

fertilised from the very beginning. Recommended for nano

Code: BDT

aquariums and tanks with shrimps. Code: TC 19


Hemianthus callitrichoides ’Cuba’

Plants from A-Z TO HELP YOU GET STARTED WITH THE PLANTS, WE WOULD LIKE TO BRIEFLY SHOW YOU HOW TO READ OUR PLANT DATA.

Each product sheet contains information about the plant, its requirements as far as physical and water chemistry are concerned, as well as tips on how to handle the plant when you introduce it to the aquarium and daily care. In short, all the information you must use to make your aquarium a success. All products are supplied with information about their degree of difficulty and plant data on a sticker or on the package. At tropica.com you will find more facts about plants, in-depth information about lighting intervals and growth rate, as well as general descriptions of the importance of pH, temperature and water chemistry. Furthermore, there are also layout pictures and references on how plants are used in layouts. The plants are presented in alphabetic order by name and on page 65 you can see the variants we offer in the respective product groups.

The Latin name of the plant.

An Easy, Medium or Advanced symbol indicates the level of difficulty of the plant and its requirements concerning light, CO2 and fertiliser, as well as care requirements – see page 7.

The layout pictures of the plant in the aquarium once it has adapted to the conditions in the aquarium.

A description of the plant, including origin, type (stem, rosette…), height and width in the aquarium, features, use in the aquarium, as well as specific care requirements. Hand-painted watercolour that shows the form and colour of the plant in the aquarium. Pictures of the product as received from Tropica.

Size of root or lava stone. Tropica’s order number. The price group of the product. The bar code of the product.

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Hemianthus callitrichoides is one of the smallest aquarium plants in the world, and creeps over the bottom with millimetre-sized round leaves. If planted in small clumps a few centimetres apart, it will spread rapidly and cover the bottom like a carpet. Hemianthus callitrichoides is an attractive foreground plant for small aquariums. Found on Cuba west of Havana. 

LAVA ROCK 7-15 CM

048B POT

PG7

048B TC

PG7

048B YLS

PG10


Alternanthera reineckii ’Mini’

Alternanthera reineckii ’Pink’ (roseafolia)

Alternanthera reineckii ’Purple’ (lilacina)

This miniture version of the well-known Alternanthera is characterized by compact growth and a slower growth rate. It is particularly suitable for small aquariums or as a foreground plant in larger aquascapes. By careful trimming can you create a dense, red-violet carpet approximately 5 to 10 cm high. High light intensity and addition of CO2 improves the plants growth and overall apperance.

The purple colour underneath leaves of Alternanthera reineckii ‘Pink’ from South America provides an effective contrast to the many green plants in an aquarium - particularly when planted in groups. Stems becomes 25-50 cm tall. Good light encourages the leaves to turn red. Easy to propagate by nipping off the terminal bud and planting it in the substrate. This also makes the mother plant more bushy, because more side shoots are formed. 

Alternanthera reineckii ‘Purple’ from South America needs plenty of light to grow and form dark-red leaves. Stems grow to 15-40 cm. In open aquariums it grows easily to the the water surface, and like other difficult plants growth improves considerably if CO2 is added. Shortage of micronutrients results in pale leaves. Like other stem plants Alternanthera reineckii ‘Purple’ looks best in groups.

023C TC

023 POT

PG7

PG5

023 BDT

PG3

023 XL

PG10

023B POT

PG6

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22

Ammania sp. ’Bonsai’

Anubias barteri var. angustifolia

Anubias barteri var. barteri

Ammania sp. ‘Bonsai’ is best described as a compact, moderate growing version of Bacopa caroliniana. Plant in small groups and trim often. Cuttings may be re-planted in the group to achieve a more dense group or carpet. At high light may the tip of the stems become reddish, at lower light will the leaves become larger and the plant less compact. Ammania sp. ‘Bonsai’ are particularly suitable for nano-aquariums.

Anubias barteri var. angustifolia from West Africa is a beautiful plant with long, narrow leaves. 10-20 cm tall with the rhizome forming 10-15 cm or larger. Anubias barteri var. angustifolia used to be sold as Anubias afzelii, but the latter is actually a much larger species. It is grown in the same conditions as Anubias barteri var. nana. It is not eaten by herbivorous fish.

Anubias barteri var. barteri from West Africa is an undemanding plant. It grows somewhat larger than Anubias barteri var. nana but is grown in the same conditions. From 25-45 cm tall, varies considerably in terms of size and leaf shape. Like other Anubias-species, it is best planted in a shady spot to restrict algae growth on the leaves. Herbivorous fish do not eat the very tough and robust leaves. 

033E TC

101C POT

101A POT

PG7

PG8

PG8


Anubias barteri var. caladiifolia

Anubias barteri var. coffeefolia

Anubias barteri var. caladiifolia originates from an Australian tissue propagation laboratory. It is a very beautiful variety with heart-shaped leaves. The leaves live for several years, so Anubias barteri var. caladiifolia can easily form large groups despite its slow growth. A group of Anubias barteri var. caladiifolia growing more than 50 cm wide in a few years is not unusual.

Anubias barteri var. coffeefolia is a very beautiful, low cultivar of Anubias barteri. 15-25 cm tall and a creeping rhizome from 10-15 cm or more. It is characteristic that the leaves arch considerably between the leaf ribs, and the new leaves are red-brown. The colour combination and leaf shape make it an attractive variety. It flowers frequently under water but does not produce seeds there. It is not eaten by herbivorous fish.

101U POT

PG8

LAVA ROCK 20-30 CM

WOOD 30-40 CM

101 YLX

101 YWX

PG13

PG13

101U XL

PG12

101G POT

PG9

23


Anubias barteri var. nana

Anubias sp. ’Petite’

Anubias barteri var. nana is a small, attractive plant which thrives in all conditions. It originates from Cameroon and will reach 5-10 cm height. The best result is achieved by planting on a stone or tree root. Fishing line can be used to attach the plant until it gains a hold. If planted on the bottom the rhizome must not be covered because it tends to rot. It is not eaten by herbivorous fish. 

Anubias sp. ‘Petite’ is a mutation which appeared in cultivation at the Oriental aquarium plant nursery in Singapore. Stays less than 5 cm tall. It is most decorative when attached to stones or roots, and like other Anubias should be attached with fishing line until it gains a hold. A specialty plant which is ideal for miniature landscapes in small aquariums. 

101 POT

24

PG7

LAVA ROCK 7-15 CM

WOOD 12-25 CM

WOOD WITH SUCTION, 12-25 CM

101 YLS

101 YWS

101 ZWS

PG11

PG11

PG12

101H POT

PG8


Aponogeton boivinianus

Aponogeton crispus

Aponogeton crispus ’Red’

Aponogeton boivinianus is a large, strong plant which is only suitable for large aquariums. A bulb plant from Madagascar. In favourable conditions it can form very large leaves (up to 80 cm long and 8 cm wide, and from 30-50 cm wide). The oldest leaves are deep dark-green, while younger leaves are light-green and sometimes brownish until they are fully developed.

Aponogeton crispus from Sri Lanka look good in any aquarium with its light-green, transparent leaves. Leaves from 25-50 cm and the plant grows to 15-25 cm wide. It makes few demands, although growth is always best in soft, slightly acidic water with a nutritious bottom. In such conditions the plant produces a mass of leaves, and it flowers very frequently in optimum conditions.

Aponogeton crispus ‘Red’ is an interesting, red bulb plant. A cultivar with red-violet, curly leaves which reaches 15-40 cm. With its moderate size, this graceful Aponogeton variety looks spectacular as focal point contrasting against a light green background. The plant is moderate to slow growing and develops few or none floating leaves. Good light and nutrient-rich conditions improves the plant characteristics. 

088 KN

083 POT

083B POT

PG7

PG8

PG9

25


26

Aponogeton longiplumulosus

Aponogeton madagascariensis

Aponogeton ulvaceus

Aponogeton longiplumulosus from Madagascar has large, fluted leaves (35-60 cm long), making it a wonderful plant which can be recommended for large aquariums (the whole plant becomes 25-40 cm wide). It is relatively undemanding, and makes no special demands on water quality.

Aponogeton madagascariensis is a bulb plant from Madagascar and is a speciality in botanical gardens all over the world. Aponogeton madagascariensis makes such high demands on water quality and the bottom that it can only be recommended as a solitary plant in large, specialised aquariums in which the water is replaced frequently.

Aponogeton ulvaceus is one of the most beautiful bulb species in the Aponogeton-family and originates from Madagascar. The leaves are delicate light-green and transparent with fluted margin. A single root can produce more than 40 leaves, 30-60 cm long. This means that the plant is best as a solitary plant in large aquariums (the plant becomes up to 50 cm wide).

089D KN

089 KN

086 KN

PG7

PG7

PG7


Azolla caroliniana

Bacopa australis

Bacopa caroliniana

Azolla caroliniana from North America is a small (1-2 cm tall), floating fern housing blue-green algae in its leaves. These algae are capable of absorbing nitrogen from the air, which can then be used by the plant. Azolla caroliniana is used as nitrogen fertiliser in rice paddies, and as animal feed. There are several related varieties on the market, with similar appearance. A decorative plant for open aquariums. 

Bacopa australis was discovered in southern Brazil (australis = southern), and it does not come from Australia, as might otherwise be assumed from its name. Stems become 10-30 cm tall and 2-4 cm wide. Like the other Bacopa species, Bacopa australis is also easy to grow in an aquarium. Under certain conditions it creeps across the bottom to form an elegantly decorative light green cushion.

Bacopa caroliniana originates from US and has been used as an aquarium plant for many years. Stems become 10-30 cm long and 3-4 cm wide. Apart from relatively good light it makes few demands. Its slow growth rate makes it one of the few stem plants that do not need much attention. Like most stem plants, it is most decorative when planted in small groups.

013 POR

043A POT

043 POT

PG6

PG5

PG5

043 BDT

PG3

27


Bacopa monnieri

Bolbitis heudelotii

Cabomba caroliniana

Bacopa monnieri originating from Tropical areas is an easy and highly recommended plant which thrives in almost all conditions. It is a plant which is suitable for the hard water found in many European aquariums. Propagate by cuttings; take a side shoot or terminal bud and plant it in the bottom. Most beautiful when a great number of stems are planted in a group. 

Bolbitis comes from West Africa, a fern with very beautiful transparent green leaves, 15-40 cm tall and wide. When planting do not cover the rhizome because it will rot, and it is best to plant Bolbitis heudelotii on a root or stone. Keep the plant in position with fishing line until it has gained a hold. Growth can be increased considerably by supplying CO2, and is only optimal in soft, slightly acidic water. 

Cabomba is a very popular aquarium plant from South America owing to its beautiful foliage. It reaches 30-80 cm and each stem can become 5-8 cm wide.The least demanding of the Cabomba-species, but still causes problems in poorly lit aquariums. If there is not sufficient light, try Limnophila sessiliflora, which requires less light. Most decorative when planted in groups. Eaten locally as a vegetable. 

044 POT

006 POT

WOOD 12-25 CM

28

PG5

PG8

006 XL

PG11

006 YWS

PG11

015 BDT

PG3


Cardamine lyrata

Ceratophyllum demersum ’Foxtail’

Ceratopteris thalictroides

Cardamine lyrata is actually a marsh plant from Japan. But it is also a familiar aquarium plant which thrives under water with 20-50 cm long stems. A characteristic trailing growth form makes it highly decorative, and ‘aerial’ roots often form on the plant itself. Plant in groups, and make sure the water temperature does not exceed 28 degrees C.

Ceratophyllum demersum ’Foxtail’ was found in a smaller tributary in Bolivia during an expedition to Rio Guapore, a boundary river between Brazil and Bolivia. Ceratophyllum has no roots as such, but it can still be planted in the bottom of an aquarium and stems can become up to 80 cm tall. ’Foxtail’ differs because its leaves are closer together and it has lateral shoots, which gives it an attractive, compact appearance.

Ceratopteris is a pan-tropical fern, 15-30 cm tall and 10-20 wide. This plant normally grows fast, but the addition of CO2 may be necessary to promote growth. The finely branched leaves are very decorative and provide good contrast to other leaf shapes. In good light Ceratopteris thalictroides grows fast and helps prevent algae by consuming large amounts of nutrients. This makes it a good starter plant in small aquariums. 

024 POT

021A POR

005A POT

PG5

PG8

PG6

29


30

Cladophora aegagrophila

Crinum calamistratum

Crinum natans

Cladophora aegagrophila is not really a plant, but a ball of algae from 3-10 cm wide. It is a decorative exception from the rule about avoiding algae at all costs. It is normally found in shallow lakes, where the movement of the waves forms it into a sphere. Cladophora aegagrophila can be divided into smaller pieces, which become spherical with time, or which form a carpet, if attached to roots and stones.

Crinum calamistratum from West Africa is a very graceful bulbous plant with dark-green, very narrow leaves. The curly leaves becomes 40-120 cm long. It forms smaller bulbs than the other Crinum-species, and demands more light. In the aquarium plants that are thriving form a number of small bulbs. It is not eaten by herbivorous fish. It can also be used in brackish aquariums with low salt concentrations. 

Crinum natans is a very beautiful and graceful bulbous plant with dark green leaves from West Africa. Leaves grow to 50-150 cm long. Plant so the top 2/3 of the bulb is visible. When the plant grows older (if it is thriving) it sometimes forms small bulbs and sends a flower stem up to the water surface with a beautiful and aromatic lily flower. The plant varies considerably in leaf width and the shape of the leaf margin.

000C ST

094A POT

094 POT

PG5

PG9

094A XL

PG13

PG9

094 XL

PG13


Crinum thaianum

Cryptocoryne beckettii ’Petchii’

Cryptocoryne crispatula

Crinum thaianum from Thailand is a distinctive bulbous plant belonging to the lily family having 60-200 cm long leaves. It is undemanding apart from the fact that it needs plenty of space. Plant so the top 2/3 of the bulb is visible, because otherwise the bulb tends to rot. When the plant grows older it sometimes sends a flower stem up to the water surface with an aromatic, elegant lily flower.

Cryptocoryne beckettii ‘Petchii’ is a small variety of Cryptocoryne beckettii from Sri Lanka, which has beautiful, slightly fluted leaf margins, 10-15 cm long. Leaves become dark olive-brown with violet underside. Like many other Cryptocorynes, the leaf colour and shape depends largely on environmental conditions in the aquarium.  

Cryptocoryne crispatula from Southern Thailand where there are limestone mountains, and the water can be very hard. Like many other Cryptocorynes it needs to acclimatise before growth starts in earnest. Leaves becomes 20-60 cm long and the single roset plant becomes 15-20 cm wide. 

093 POT

108A POT

LAVA ROCK 7-15 CM

PG9

093 XL

PG11

PG7

108A YLS

PG10

125 POT

PG9

31


32

Cryptocoryne parva

Cryptocoryne undulata ’Broad Leaves’

Cryptocoryne wendtii ’Brown’

Cryptocoryne parva from Sri Lanka is the smallest of all Cryptocorynes (only 3-6 cm tall and a roset less than 5-8 cm wide). It is one of the few species that does not significantly change its leaf shape and colour depending on cultivation conditions. It needs more light than most other Cryptocorynes because it almost loses its leaf blade under water.

The triploid variety of Cryptocoryne undulata from Sri Lanka has wider leaves and a beautiful, flecked leaf pattern. It also grows larger, from 15-25 cm, and the single roset becomes 10-20 cm wide. It is a hardy plant and do well under many growing conditions. 

Cryptocoryne wendtii ‘Brown’ is a beautiful brown variety of Cryptocoryne wendtii from Sri Lanka. It reaches 15-25 cm and each roset becomes 10-15 cm wide. It is a mistake to believe that Cryptocorynes require soft water. In large parts of Sri Lanka the water is hard, so Sri Lanka Cryptocorynes are almost all suitable for hard European water.  

106 POT

110A POT

109C POT

PG8

PG7

PG7


Cryptocoryne wendtii ’Green’

Cryptocoryne wendtii ’Mi Oya’

Cryptocoryne wendtii ’Tropica’

Cryptocoryne wendtii ‘Green’ is suitable for small aquariums with heights from 5-15 cm and a roset from 8-15 cm wide. When grown in an open space the leaves will virtually lie on the bottom. Like most other Sri Lanka Cryptocorynes, it also grows well in hard water.  

This beautiful variety of Cryptocoryne wendtii is only found in the river Mi Oya at Sri Lanka. It has characteristic red-brown, slightly hammered leaves from 20-35 cm, and 15-30 cm wide rosettes. Many Cryptocorynes can grow at high temperatures. In the wild this plant is found in streams with a temperature of more than 30 degrees C.  

This beautiful variety with the dark, hammered leaves is named after ’Tropica’. When grown in an open space the leaves will virtually lie on the bottom. It is suitable for small aquariums with leaves from 10-15 cm, and a rosette from 10-20 cm wide. Like most other Sri Lanka Cryptocorynes, it also grows well in hard water.  

109 POT

109D POT

109E POT

PG7

PG7

PG7

109E XL

PG11

33


34

Cryptocoryne x willisii

Cyperus helferi

Didiplis diandra

This Cryptocoryne from Sri Lanka used (mistakenly) to be called Cryptocoryne nevillii, but this is the name of a species that has never been used in aquariums. Like many other Cryptocorynes, not much happens the first month after planting. But then it starts to grow, and willingly produces plenty of runners which form a compact group. The plant becomes 7-20 cm tall, and each roset 7-15 cm wide. 

Cyperus-species are widespread all over the tropics, but only a few of them are good underwater plants. Cyperus helferi from Thailand is the first Cyperus-species used in aquariums, 20-35 cm tall and a roset from 15-25 cm wide. It requires a relatively large amount of light, and CO2 addition is recommended to promote growth. In aquariums with good water flow the plant sways beautifully in the current. 

Didiplis diandra from North America is a fine plant which should be planted in small groups with stems from 10-15 cm and 2-5 cm wide. In good light it develops red shoot tips which form a beautiful contrast with other green plants. A demanding plant which needs a lot of light and prefers soft water. CO2 addition boosts growth considerably. Also known as Peplis diandra. 

107 POT

133A POT

031 POT

PG7

PG7

PG7


Echinodorus ’Aquartica’

Echinodorus bleheri

Echinodorus cordifolius ssp. fluitans

Characteristics of the cultivar Echinodorus ’Aquartica’ are its round, bright green leaves. Its compact (10-20 cm), low growth makes it suitable as a decorative solitary plant. Slow growing and easy to care for, Echinodorus ’Aquartica’ retains the refreshing green colour of its leaves in normal lighting and nutrient conditions in the aquarium. Echinodorus ’Aquartica’ was developed by Kristian Iversen from the ”Aquartica’’ company. 

Echinodorus bleheri from South America is undemanding and beautiful, and becomes 20-50 cm tall. A nutritious bottom promotes growth, but the plant needs pruning to prevent it depriving plants underneath of light. Echinodorus bleheri does well even in poorly illuminated aquariums, as it grows towards the light. It is a hardy and easy solitary plant for both beginners and the more experienced with quite large aquariums.

A comparatively fast-growing Echinodorus from Mexico, suitable for large aquariums reaching 20-50 cm long leaves and a 15-30 cm wide roset. Unlike other roundleafed varieties of the species, Echinodorus cordifolius ssp. fluitans is less likely to grow up over the water surface. If it grows large enough, it forms large leaves just under the surface instead.

074F POT

071 POT

073D POT

PG7

PG6

071 BDT

PG3

PG7

35


36

Echinodorus osiris

Echinodorus ’Ozelot’

Echinodorus ’Ozelot Green’

In the 1970’s coloured aquarium plants were rare, which is why Echinodorus osiris with its red colour quickly became popular. It originates from Brazil and becomes 25-50 cm tall with a 20-30 cm wide roset. It is generally an undemanding plant which is suitable for both soft and hard water. It is not eaten by herbivorous fish. 

Echinodorus ’Ozelot’ is a decorative hybrid between Echinodorus schluteri ’Leopard’ and Echinodorus ‘Barthii’. 20-50 cm tall and a 20-40 cm wide rosette. Naturally, it is the elliptical black spots on the red-brown leaves that have given this plant the name ’Ozelot’. The spots are darkest on the youngest leaves, and unlike many other spotted Echinodorus, ’Ozelot’ retains its spots even at low light intensity.

A beautiful, dark-green variety of Echinodorus ’Ozelot’, 20-50 cm tall and a 20-40 cm wide rosette. The dark spots form a bigger contrast on the light leaves. The leaf margin is fluted. A nutritious bottom promotes growth. It is an easy and highly recommended plant, which thrives in almost all conditions.

072 POT

073F POT

073G POT

PG8

PG8

073F XL

PG12

PG8

073G XL

PG12


Echinodorus palaefolius var. latifolius

Echinodorus quadricostatus

Echinodorus ’Red Diamond’

In marshy conditions Echinodorus palaefolius var. latifolius from Brazil has round leaves with a horizontal leaf base. Under water the leaves are narrower and longer (from 2040 cm). In the aquarium it tends to grow out of the water. This can be prevented by removing the long leaves just before they reach the water surface. The next leaves will then become shorter and the plant will remain under water. 

Echinodorus ‘Quadricostatus’ from South America has characteristic light-green leaves 10-15 cm long which form a good contrast to the darker aquarium plants. It is most beautiful when planted in groups, each roset becoming 15-20 cm wide. In good conditions it produces runners which spread over the bottom. Very light leaves are a sign of a shortage of micro-nutrients.

Echinodorus ’Red Diamond’ appeared as a culture in the Ukraine, and is probably a cross between Echinodorus horemanni ’Red’ and Echinodorus ‘Barthii’. The resultant hybrid is an attractive plant with ruby-red sword-shaped leaves, 15-25 cm long. Unlike many of the other Echinodorus-species, Echinodorus ’Red Diamond’ remains moderate in size (20-30 cm wide roset).

076 POT

068 POT

074D POT

PG7

076 XL

PG12

PG7

PG8

37


38

Echinodorus ’Red Special’

Echinodorus ’Reni’

Echinodorus ’Rosé’

Echinodorus ‘Red Special’ is a hybrid of several different cultivated plants, characterised by copper-coloured, spatula-shaped leaves. In some cases these have darker red patches. The plant grows abundantly in a compact shape (approximately 20-30 cm tall and wide), and is very decorative as a solitary plant. 

‘Reni’ is a well-known cultivar characterised by being amongst the smallest of the red Echinodorus, 15-40 cm tall and a roset from 15-25 wide. The new leaves of the plant are reddish-brown to deep beetroot in colour. It can be used in small aquariums and is unpretentious. The plant requires a lot of light and nourishment for optimal colour development. 

This beautiful plant is a hybrid between Echinodorus horemanii ‘Red’ and Echinodorus horizontalis. It was first produced in 1986 by Hans Barth in Dessau and becomes 25-40 cm tall and a rosette from 15-25 cm wide. New underwater leaves are a beautiful pink, and initially the leaves have red-brown spots. A nutritious bottom promotes growth, but otherwise Echinodorus ’Rosé’ is undemanding and thus an excellent plant for beginners. 

073J POT

072D POT

072B POT

PG8

PG8

PG8

072B XL

PG12


Echinodorus ’Rubin’

Echinodorus tenellus

Echinodorus uruguayensis

Echinodorus ’Rubin’ is a decorative hybrid between Echinodorus horemanii ‘Red’ and Echinodorus ‘Barthii’ with up to 60 cm long leaves and a roset from 20-40 cm wide. The transparent, ruby-red leaves with light leaf ribs provide a particularly intensive sheen. An undemanding plant whose growth is stimulated by CO2 addition and a nutritious bottom. A good solitary plant for large aquariums. 

Small foreground plants for aquariums are in short supply, but Echinodorus tenellus from North America is one of the best. The runners spread round the aquarium. A true ”lawn’’ effect appr. 5-10 cm tall is only achieved at high light intensities, so you must make sure larger plants do not overshadow the plant. Plant individual plants a couple of centimetres apart (easiest with tweezers).

Echinodorus uruguayensis from South America has long, narrow, transparent, dark-green leaves 20-55 cm long, making it a very beautiful solitary plant for large aquariums. The leaf length and width vary considerably. In good growing conditions it forms an unusual number of leaves (10-30 cm wide roset), and a nutritious bottom and CO2 addition and slightly acidic water promote growth.

074B POT

067 POT

070A POT

PG8

074B XL

PG13

PG8

PG8

39


40

Echinodorus ’Vesuvius’

Echinodorus ’Barthii’

Egeria densa

Echinodorus ’Vesuvius’ is a cultured species based on Echinodorus angustifolia from Oriental Aquarium Plants. The narrow and twisted green leaves makes it an unusual addition to the Echinodorus family. The rosette species grows vigorously with many medium length and narrow leaves (10-20 cm tall), and is highly decorative as a solitary plant (rosette 10-15 cm wide). ’Vesuvius’ spreads readily with runners.

The cultivar Echinodorus ‘Barthii’ is a decorative and beautiful solitary plant for large aquariums. It becomes 25-50 cm tall and the whole rosette 20-30 cm wide. The leaves change colour from dark-red in the youngest leaves to dark-green in the oldest. The colour develops well when the light intensity is high and there are sufficient micro-nutrients in the aquarium.

The cosmopolitan Egeria densa is a good plant for beginners, and its rapid growth helps create a balance in the aquarium from the start. Stems grows fast to 40-100 cm and becomes 2-4 cm wide. Egeria helps preventing algae because it absorbs a great number of nutrients from the water. The plant secretes antibiotic substances which can help prevent blue-green algae (a type of bacteria).

067C POT

072A POT

058 BDT

PG9

PG8

072A XL

PG12

PG3


Eleocharis parvula

Eleocharis sp. ’Mini’

Fissidens fontanus

The cosmopolitan Eleocharis parvula has short leaves and fast growth making it one of the most impressive carpetforming foreground plants, 3-10 cm tall depending on light conditions. It spreads rapidly by runners. It is a relatively easy and undemanding plant that does best with good light and a nutritious substrate.

Eleocharis sp. ’mini’ has even lower growth than the common Eleocharis parvula and was given to Tropica by Thomas Barr from US. Plant the mini-version in small portions covering a larger area. In short time, a dense carpet will be obtained. Needs light to perform optimal, however, it is one of the most secure species for creating a carpet – and a minimum of maintenance since leaves stays small (3-5 cm).

This featherlike Fissidens-moss with tight deep green down comes from North America. It grows relatively slow and requires much more light than other mosses. Suitable for binding roots and stones both vertically and horizontally in the aquarium. 

132C POT

132B TC

002F POR

PG7

PG7

PG9

41


Fontinalis sp. ’Willow’

Glossostigma elatinoides

Hemianthus callitrichoides ’Cuba’

Fontinalis antipyretica looks best when it reaches a bigger size. Hence, the light green tips of each darker green stem becomes visible. Fontinalis is an unassuming and easy moss, which do well also at lower temperatures, and does well in many types of aquariums. 

Glossostigma elatinoides from New Zealand is much in demand in Japanese-inspired aquariums. It is one of the smallest aquarium plants (2-3 cm tall), and thus a good foreground plant. A difficult plant demanding a lot of light. Grows upwards if light is poor. Make sure larger plants do not overshadow it. CO2 addition and soft water promote growth significantly. 

Hemianthus callitrichoides is one of the smallest aquarium plants in the world, and creeps over the bottom with millimetre-sized round leaves. If planted in small clumps a few centimetres apart, it will spread rapidly and cover the bottom like a carpet. Hemianthus callitrichoides is an attractive foreground plant for small aquariums. Found on Cuba west of Havana. 

003F POR

045A POT

048B POT

LAVA ROCK 7-15 CM

42

PG9

PG6

045A TC

PG7

PG7

048B TC

PG7

048B YLS

PG10


Hemianthus micranthemoides

Heteranthera zosterifolia

Hydrocotyle tripartita

Hemianthus micranthemoides from North America is a graceful plant whose small, arched leaves make it look like a miniature version of Egeria. It has a characteristic trailing growth in intensive light, so it can be used as a foreground plant (stems from 10-20 cm tall, 2-3 cm wide). A compact group of Hemianthus micranthemoides is very beautiful with its small, light-green leaves.

Heteranthera zosterifolia from South America is an extremely beautiful plant which forms a lot of side shoots and thus quickly forms a bushy plant group. Stems can become 30-50 cm tall and 6-12 cm wide. In strong light growth is intensive, and the plant must be pruned before it becomes so compact that no light reaches the lower leaves.

Hydrocotyle tripartita is characterised by fast, compact growth and small, intensive green leaves on vertical stems. The plant is carpet-forming (5-10 cm tall) and its compact growth can be promoted by physically pressing the carpet with your hand when maintaining your aquarium (mechanical retardation). Carpet formation and compact growth do best in good light. 

048A POT

096 TC

039B POT

PG7

PG7

PG7

43


44

Hydrocotyle verticillata

Hygrophila corymbosa

Hygrophila corymbosa ’Angustifolia’

Unlike other Hydrocotyle species, this plant retains its trailing growth form. Verticillata originates from America and becomes 3-7 cm tall. Optimum growth is only achieved in strong light and soft, slightly acidic water. It does not need to be rooted, but can be used as a floating plant. Hydrocotyle verticillata is definitely a foreground plant which can also be used in garden ponds.

Hygrophila corymbosa is an undemanding starter plant that originates from Asia. In the aquarium it will spread fast and create bright green, long and wide leaves. It is a fast growing plant that must be pruned frequently. New shoots will spread from the stem and make the plant look bushier. The cuttings can be re-planted in the bottom of the aquarium where new roots form quickly. 

This plant originates from South-East Asia and stems become 25-60 cm long with 10 cm long leaves. Under water Hygrophila corymbosa ’Angustifolia’ has relatively narrow leaves which are grouped close together. Plants sold in the shops are normally cultivated above water, and have rounder leaves with larger gaps between them. 

039 POT

053 BDT

052A POT

PG6

PG3

PG5


Hygrophila corymbosa ’Siamensis’

Hygrophila corymbosa ’Siamensis 53B’

Hygrophila difformis

‘Siamensis’ originates from Thailand and have stems from 15-40 cm and 10-15 cm wide. Leaves are light-green and dense. In open aquariums Hygrophila corymbosa ’Siamensis’ grows easily above the water surface, where it forms blue-green leaves and small blue flowers. It grows fast and the shoots must be pinched out regularly if you want to keep the plant under water. An extremely hardy plant, suitable for beginners. 

Hygrophila corymbosa ’Siamensis 53B’ is a variety of Hygrophila corymbosa ’Siamensis’. This Hygrophila ’Siamensis 53B’ forms an incredible amount of side shoots and becomes bushy relatively rapidly. Stems becomes 15-40 cm tall and 7-12 cm wide. Its beautiful bright green leaves are narrower than the regular ’Siamensis’ and it can achieve red-brown leaves in good light conditions.

Hygrophila difformis from Asia is beautiful and undemanding. Stems becomes 20-30 cm tall and 6-12 cm wide. A plant for beginners which can help create a balance in the aquarium from the start. Its rapid growth helps prevent algae because the plant absorbs a great number of nutrients from the water. The shortage of micronutrients leads to pale leaves, which may be an indication that the aquarium needs fertiliser.

053A POT

053B POT

051 BDT

PG5

053A XL

PG10

PG5

PG3

45


Hygrophila pinnatifida

Hygrophila polysperma

Hygrophila polysperma ’Rosanervig’

Hygrophila pinnatifida originates from India. It obtains brown, patched leaves on the surface with a distinctive burgundy colour underneath. It creates horizontal side shoots and the top shoots should be pinched out in order to maintain compact and attractive growth. The horizontal side shoots easily attach to both wood and rocks. Stems 15-40 cm tall, and the colour is attractive when planted in small groups with a plain background.

Hygrophila polysperma from South-East Asia is one of the hardiest aquarium plants available. Stems becomes 25-40 cm. It is particularly good for beginners because it grows in almost all conditions. It normally grows so fast that it is important to prevent it crowding out other plants. Hygrophila polysperma varies considerably in leaf shape and colour, depending to some extent on the light supplied. 

Hygrophila polysperma ’Rosanervig’ is normally an undemanding plant. But if you want deep-pink leaves you must provide intensive light. Stems becomes 20-40 cm tall and 5-8 cm wide. The distinctive colouring of the light leaf ribs is probably caused by a virus which prevents chlorophyll from being produced in the cells around the leaf ribs, making them white.

050 POT

050B POT

WOOD 12-25 CM

051A POT

46

PG8

051A YWS

PG10

PG6

PG6


Hygrophila sp. ’Araguaia’

Lilaeopsis brasiliensis

Lilaeopsis mauritiana

“Araguaia” is a river system in Brazil and it is under this name that the plant has become known. There are many signs, however, that the plant is a Hygrophila lancea from Japan and Hong Kong. The stem becomes 10-20 cm tall. It has compact, tight-sitting leaves and grows branches easily. Pinching of the stems maintains a bushy look. The plant is reddish brown to purple in colour and is promoted by good growth conditions.

Lilaeopsis brasiliensis from South America can grow very compact, but a ”lawn effect’’ (4-7 cm tall) is only achieved at high light intensity. When planting in the aquarium small clumps (approx. 1/8 pot) should be placed a few centimetres apart to help the plants grow together more quickly. Place in an open position without shading from other plants to ensure good light.

This Lilaeopsis species demands less light than Lilaeopsis brasiliensis, and stays also low (5-10 cm “lawn”). Tropica’s founder, Holger Windeløv, found it on Mauritius in 1992. The plants height and distance between its leaves depend on the light intensity. The more light it gets, the lower the plant and the denser the leaves. The runners spread round the aquarium. Should be planted like Lilaeopsis brasiliensis. 

051B POT

040 POT

040B POT

PG7

PG6

040 TC

PG7

PG7

47


48

Limnobium laevigatum

Limnophila aquatica

Limnophila sessiliflora

Limnobium laevigatum from South America is a decorative floating plant that is particularly suitable for open aquariums. 1-5 cm tall and leaves from 5-15 cm wide. It is also good in traditional aquariums, because the fine, long and decorative roots provide protection to gouramies and other surface fish that like the roots of floating plants.

An extremely beautiful aquarium plant circled by light-green and finely branched leaves from South-East Asia. In the right growing conditions with added CO2 and a nutritious bottom this plant grows fast and can become 25-50 cm long and each stem up to 15 cm wide. In good light it forms horizontal side shoots and becomes attractive and bushy. Most decorative when several stems are planted in a small group.

Limnophila sessiliflora is a good and undemanding plant from South-East Asia which is a good alternative to Cabomba, which demands a lot of light. Stems grows fast up to 40 cm long and becomes 3-4 cm wide. The plant often grows leggy in poor light, but this can be counteracted to some extent by stimulating growth by CO2 addition. Most beautiful when planted in groups.

063 POR

046 POT

047 POT

PG7

PG7

PG6


Lindernia rotundifolia

Lobelia cardinalis

Ludwigia arcuata

Lindernia rotundifolia grows on sandy banks along streams in Asia. The plant is undemanding and the stems with marbled leaves quickly form compact groups. Lindernia rotundifolia is suitable both for background and as a solitary mid-ground plant with leaves growing tightly from top to bottom. A good starter plant that thrives under most conditions.

Lobelia cardinalis grows wild in Northern America. In the nursery this plant is cultivated in marshy conditions, forming dark-green leaves which are purple underneath. In aquariums the leaves turn a beautiful shade of light-green, with stems 10-30 cm tall and 5-10 cm wide. It needs intensive light to thrive. Widely used in Dutch aquariums in so-called ”plant streets’’.

This is a narrow-leafed Ludwigia species from US, a plant with 25-50 long and 3-5 wide stems. It is often mistaken for Didiplis diandra. It requires a relatively large amount of light before forming a red stem and red leaves, and thrives best in slightly acidic, soft/medium hard water. The most decorative effect can be achieved by planting it in groups.

045 POT

053C POT

035 POT

PG6

PG5

PG7

49


50

Ludwigia glandulosa

Ludwigia repens ’Rubin’

Marsilea hirsuta

Ludwigia glandulosa from North America is a very beautiful water plant. It is slow growing and requires CO2 addition to grow well. Stems becomes 15-40 cm tall and 5-12 cm wide. The leaves turn greener if sufficient light is provided. Used to be sold as Ludwigia perennis. 

Variety of Ludwigia repens from North America with striking dark red leaves and stalk. Stems from 20-50 cm and 4-6 cm wide. It makes a fine colour contrast to the green shades in the aquarium. Plant in large groups to enhance the decorative effect, and prune regularly to encourage bushy growth. The plant makes few demands, but if light is insufficient the lower leaves tend to fall off.

Marsilea hirsuta is a carpet-plant from Australia. A fascinating plant, usually delivered with leaves like a four-leaf clover. After a transitional period it develops different types of leaves, possibly a low form with single leaves like a large Glossostigma, or alternatively develop two, three or fourlobed leaves varying in height (from 2-10 cm), depending on the growth conditions.

035A POT

033D POT

010 POT

PG5

PG7

PG5

010 TC

PG7


Microsorum pteropus

Microsorum pteropus is a water fern from Asia, 15-30 cm tall, which should be grown on a root or stone, attached with fishing line until it has gained a hold. If it is planted in the bottom, do not cover the rhizome because it will rot. Easy to propagate by splitting the horizontal rhizome. A hardy plant which grows in all conditions. The black spots under the leaves are sporangia (reproductive organs), not signs of disease as many believe. 

008 POT

PG8

008 XL

PG12

LAVA ROCK 7-15 CM

LAVA ROCK 20-30 CM

WOOD 12-25 CM

WOOD 30-40 CM

WOOD 30-40 CM

WOOD WITH SUCTION, 30-40 CM

008 YLS

008 YLX

008 YWS

008 YWX

008N YWX

500 OWX

PG11

PG13

PG11

PG13

PG13

PG13

51


52

Micranthemum umbrosum

Microsorum pteropus ’Narrow’

Micranthemum umbrosum is a beautiful plant from US with small round leaves. It is suitable for small or large aquariums with stems becoming 10-25 cm long and 1-2 cm wide. Relatively demanding in terms of light. CO2 addition is recommended to promote growth. Once the plant starts growing it grows fast, and the shoots have to be pinched out often (can be planted as cuttings in the bottom).

Microsorum pteropus is a highly variable species, and new varieties are easily bred. Microsorum pteropus ’Narrow’ has narrower leaves, which grow at a less acute angle from the stem than the normal Microsorum pteropus. Leaves becomes 10-20 cm and a rhizome from 10-15 cm or more. The plant attaches readily to roots and stones. A decorative plant, which is also suitable for smaller aquariums.  

048 POT

008A POT

PG7

PG8

WOOD 12-25 CM

WOOD 30-40 CM

WOOD WITH SUCTION, 12-25 CM

008A YWS

008A YWX

008A ZWS

PG11

PG13

PG12


Microsorum pteropus ’Windeløv’

Microsorum pteropus ’Windeløv’ is a patented variety of Microsorum pteropus, named after Tropica’s founder Holger Windeløv. Its finely branched leaf tips make it one of the most beautiful aquarium plants. The Microsorum variety becomes 15-20 cm tall and wide. A hardy and easy plant for both beginners and the more experienced. Best results are obtained by planting it on a stone or tree root.

WOOD 7-10 CM

008B POT

PG8

008B YWM

PG9

WOOD 12-25 CM

WOOD 30-40 CM

WOOD WITH SUCTION, 7-10 CM

WOOD WITH SUCTION, 12-25 CM

HALF COCONUT

008B YWS

008B YWX

008B ZWM

008B ZWS

510 YCS

PG11

PG13

PG10

PG12

PG12

53


Monosolenium tenerum

Myriophyllum mattogrossense

Myriophyllum mattogrossense ’Red’

The Asian Monosolenium tenerum is an attractive liverwort, 2-5 cm high, which looks most like a giant Riccia that simply stays at the bottom, where it forms cushions. It is a brittle plant, and pieces break off easily, so it is best to place it in the aquarium attached to stones with fishing line or in small clumps among other plants such as Eleocharis. Once Monosolenium has established itself, it is very undemanding.

Myriophyllum matogrossense originates from Matto Grosso in the Rio Amazonas, Brazil. It has decorative and feather-like, reddish stems (30-60 cm long) and finely divided bright green leaves (5 cm wide). In good light conditions the leaves spread out in a fan shape. Myriophyllum is relatively easy and is suitable for the background. A good starter plant. 

The orange-red variety of Myriophyllum mattogrossense from South America demands high light and nutrient levels to develop optimally. It becomes 20-60 cm tall and each stem 3-4 cm wide. Myriophyllum should be planted in the center or background of the aquarium, and as a contrast to green plants. The variety is fast growing and must be trimmed often to keep a dense, compact growth. Cutted stems can be planted next to the group to obtain an ever denser group.

037 POT

037D POT

LAVA ROCK 7-15 CM

002C POR

54

PG7

002C YLS

PG10

PG7

PG7


Nesaea crassicaulis

Nymphaea lotus

Nymphoides sp. ’Taiwan’

Nesaea crassicaulis from Africa is a beautiful and highly recommended aquarium plant, although it has high demands for light. It has red-brown, cognac-coloured leaves. Stems becomes 30-50 cm and 8-15 cm wide. Grows best in soft and slightly acidic water. Make sure the lower leaves get sufficient light, otherwise they will die off.

A beautiful and very varied species from West Africa with leaves of green to red-brown and varying numbers of purple spots. Can grow from 20-80 cm tall. Before forming floating leaves Nymphaea lotus (zenkeri) forms many underwater leaves. If you don’t want floating leaves, prune the roots and leaves. The beautiful, aromatic flowers can be fully appreciated in open aquariums. Recommended as a solitary plant for large aquariums. 

Nymphoides sp. grows in Asia and Africa - and this variant of the species originates from southern Taiwan. The rosette plant can become 15-25 cm tall and 10-15 cm wide. This variant is characterised by many underwater leaves and the intense, light-green, transparent colour of the plant. The plant is fast-growing and it is necessary to thin out the leaves (remove oldest leaves and surface leaves).

033B POT

019 POT

041B POT

PG5

PG9

019 KN

PG7

PG8

041B TC

PG7

55


Pogostemon erectus

Pogostemon helferi

Pogostemon stellata

The Indian Pogostemon erectus forms compact groups of bright green, conifer-like stems, 10-20 cm tall and 1-3 cm wide. Pogostemon erectus is suitable as a background plant and creates a wonderful focal point in both smaller and larger groups. Intense light helps the plant to stay compact for a longer period. Moderate growth and vigorous roots. 

This plant was discovered by aquarists in Thailand, close to the border with Burma. It is called ’Downoi’ (little star) in Thailand, and it is easy to see why (5-10 cm tall and wide). Pogostemon helferi is an unusual and distinctive aquatic plant with a compact habit, curly leaves and a strikingly beautiful green colour.

Pogostemon stellata from Asia and Australia is distinguished by its beautiful shape and colour. Stems from 20-60 cm and up to 10 cm wide. It is difficult to grow in aquariums. It requires intensive light and the addition of CO2 to grow well. The shortage of micronutrients leads to pale leaves, which may be an indication that the aquarium needs fertiliser.

053F POT

053H POT

LAVA ROCK 7-15 CM

56

PG8

053F TC

PG7

PG8

053H YLS

PG10

053G POT

PG7


Proserpinaca palustris ’Cuba’

Ranunculus inundatus

Riccardia chamedryfolia

Proserpinaca is a stem plant, 10-40 cm tall and 5-10 cm wide. Cultivated above water and delivered with saw-toothed leaves, which after a transitional period in the aquarium develop into long, finely denticulated, needle-like leaves. In good light conditions it turns a beautiful copper colour. The Tropica cultivar is found on the Isla de la Juventud off Cuba. In the USA the plant is commonly known as ”mermaid weed’’. 

This species comes from Australia and becomes 5-10 cm tall. There are many species and variants of Ranunculus, which grow coarse and leggy in aquariums. Ranunculus inundatus is characterised by its compact form and distinguished, deep-lying umbrellas. The plant forms many vertical runners with new plants and over time thick bottom coverage is formed. Good lighting produces compact growth. Long leaves can be pruned. 

Coral moss - thick and compact moss species with an intense, deep green colour from Asia, 1-3 cm tall. Riccardia is specially suited for attaching to branches and stones. The moss grows slowly and is easily overgrown by algae or other mosses. Riccardia requires more light than other moss species. 

037C POT

022C POT

003D POR

PG8

PG7

PG9

57


Riccia fluitans

Rotala macrandra

Rotala rotundifolia

Japanese Takashi Amano has inspired many aquarium owners to keep the 1-5 cm tall cosmopolitic moss, Riccia fluitans, submerged. It can be kept down by tying it to a stone with a piece of fishing line, but new shoots always grow towards the surface, so it may be necessary to prune it with scissors. Riccia fluitans thrives best with added CO2 and in good growing conditions small oxygen bubbles form on the leaf tips.

Rotala macrandra is an unusually beautiful aquarium plant, but unfortunately it is very demanding. It needs very good light to develop its beautiful red colour, and CO2 addition and soft water are vital to ensure reasonable growth. It is most beautiful in groups, but do not plant individual shoots too close because this will prevent light reaching the lower leaves.

The Latin name means ”the plant with the round leaves’’. But this only applies to the marsh variety, which has circular leaves. Rotala rotundifolia from South-East Asia has long, thin leaves (2-3 cm wide) and 15-30 long stems. Unlike other Rotala species it is relatively undemanding, although it needs good light to produce red leaves. It forms side shoots willingly, becoming compact and bushy.

032 TC

033 POT

LAVA ROCK 7-15 CM

001 POR

58

PG7

001 TC

PG7

001 YLS

PG10

PG7

PG5


Rotala sp. ’Green’

Rotala wallichii

Sagittaria subulata

The asiatic Rotala sp. ‘Green’ is very similar to Rotala rotundifolia, but its leaves remain fresh and bright green, even with intensive light. Stems becomes 40-50 cm long and 2-3 cm wide. The plant forms many side shoots willingly and obtains a beautiful, bushy and ”hanging” growth. It should be pruned frequently to maintain healthy growth. An ideal starter plant that looks best when planted in large groups.

Rotala wallichii is a demanding, South-asiatic stem plant that develops red shoot tips in good light conditions. Stems from 10-30 cm and approximately 5 cm wide. The most decorative effect can be achieved by planting a large number of stems in a group. CO2 addition boosts growth considerably. It also prefers soft, slightly acidic water. 

Sagittaria subulata from South America is an ideal, undemanding foreground plant whose short runners form a compact group. Place individual plants 2-4 cm apart. This plant may cause problems because in certain conditions it suddenly grows to a height of 50 cm when it grows older. But if it is then moved into the background it may become low again.

033A POT

032A POT

079 POT

PG6

PG7

PG7

59


60

Salvinia natans

Shinnersia rivularis ’Weiss-Grßn’

Staurogyne repens

Salvinia natans is a cosmopolitic floating fern, 1-3 cm, that grows quickly if there is sufficient nutrition and light. Light leaves are a sign of a shortage of micronutrients. It tends to shade light from the plants at the bottom. Salvinia varieties have small hairs on their leaves, making them water resistant. Helps prevent algae by shading parts of the aquarium and using nutrients in the water.

Variety of Shinnersia rivularis, distinguished by the white veins on the leaves, 30-60 cm long and up to 10 cm wide stems. This colour mutation was discovered at the Dennerle aquarium plant nursery. The plant grows rapidly and soon reaches the water surface, but shoots can simply be pinched off and planted back on the bottom.

Staurogyne repens is a fresh green, compact and hardy plant for the foreground of the aquarium and it was found in River Rio Cristalino in the southern Amazonas. Staurogyne has a compact, low and bushy stature (5-10 cm). During planting in the aquarium, the longest upright shoots should be cut off and new horizontally creeping shoots will soon form from the plant basis and gradually colonize the gravel.

011 POR

053E POT

049G POT

PG6

PG7

PG8

049G TC

PG7


Taxiphyllum barbieri

Taxiphyllum sp. ’Spiky’

Taxiphyllum barbieri from South-East Asia is a hardy plant which makes few demands on the water or light. The moss becomes 3-10 cm thick and grows willingly on any surface, so it is ideal for decorating stones and tree roots or concealing installations in the aquarium. Attach the plant with a piece of fishing line or cotton thread until it has gained a hold on the décor. If its growth becomes too luxuriant, it can be pruned with scissors.

Best described as Christmas moss’ big brother, but from Asia, 2-10 cm tall, rougher and bigger with deep green, branched shoots. Spiky moss does best on vertical surfaces where the branched shoots settle in. It grows fast and requires a lot of light to do well. 

LAVA ROCK 7-15 CM

003 POR

PG7

003 ST

PG8

003 TC

PG7

003 YLS

PG10

003G POR

PG8

61


62

Utricularia graminifolia

Vallisneria sp. ’Gigantea’

Vallisneria sp. ’Natans’

Utricularia graminifolia from Asia belongs to the bladderwort family. All the plants in this family are insect eating, perennial water and marsh plants. Bladder traps are a unique feature of this family, which Utricularia graminifolia forms after a short period of time in the aquarium. The species name means ’with grass like leaves’ and the fresh green leaves after a short period of time form a pretty mat which looks like a lawn (2-8 cm tall).

Vallisneria sp. Gigantea from Asia is an easy plant that grows fast, suitable for large aquariums. In most aquariums the leaves grow so long that they float on the surface (50150 cm, 2 cm wide). So the plant needs pruning to stop it taking too much light from plants growing beneath. The leaves are tough and strong, so they are not normally eaten by herbivorous fish.

Vallisneria sp. ‘Natans’ from Asia is a hardy plant for beginners. It has fine, narrow leaves (50-100 cm long, 1 cm wide) so it does not overshadow other plants much. Easy to propagate using its many runners. 

049B POT

054 POT

055 BDT

PG8

PG8

054 PL

PG6

PG3


Vallisneria sp. ’Mini Twister’

Vallisneria sp. ’Asiatica’

Vallisneria nana

Vallisneria sp. ‘Mini Twister’ is yet another graceful variety of Vallisneria americana. ‘Mini Twister’ develops short, attractively twisted leaves (10-15 cm and 1-2 cm wide), and can thus be placed between foreground and background plants. ‘Mini Twister’ is easy to grow and thrives even in less intensive light and without addition of CO2 to the water. 

Vallisneria sp. Asiatica has twisted, green leaves that make a beautiful contrast when planted in groups. Its shorter leaves (20-30 cm) differ from most other Vallisneria species and do not overshadow other plants in the aquarium. An easy plant that readily propagates via runners. 

Vallisneria nana from Australia is a solitary contrast plant with dark green, rosulate, narrow leaves (less than 1 cm). It is extremely suitable as a mid-ground plant, but can also be used as a background plant in small aquariums. The leaves are much narrower than with other species of Vallisneria, nor are they quite as long. In aquariums it typically grows to 30-50 cm, which no doubt reflects the different light and nutrient conditions.

056B POT

056A BDT

056C POT

PG7

PG3

PG7

63


Vallisneria spiralis ’Tiger’

Vesicularia dubyana ’Christmas’

Vesicularia ferriei ’Weeping’

Vallisneria spiralis ’Tiger’ from Asia is an excellent plant for beginners, growing in virtually all light and water conditions. The name ’Tiger’ is due to its striped leaves (30-50 cm long, 1-2 cm wide). The relatively short leaves make it suitable for small aquariums, and the leaves are also narrow so they do not overshadow smaller plants. Forms runners easily, and is thus easy to propagate. 

A moss speciality from Brasil, 1-3 cm tall, called ”Christmas tree moss’’, because of its side branch structure which distinguishes it from ordinary Vesicularia dubyana and looks like fir tree branches. It is more demanding than ordinary Java moss and grows more slowly. It attaches readily to roots and stones, and as it spreads in the water it needs pruning to keep its shape attractive.

Vesicularia ferriei ’Weeping’, commonly known as Weeping Moss, is believed to originate from China and has been distributed by Oriental Aquarium Plants. ’Weeping’ is a fleshy, 1-3 cm tall hanging moss with teardrop-like bright green shoots. It is best attached to driftwood or roots, as its drooping growth pattern helps to create depth and contrast in the aquarium.

055A POT

003A POR

WOOD 12-25 CM

64

PG7

PG8

003A TC

PG7

003A YWS

PG9

003B POR

PG8

003B TC

PG7


Product overview XL plants

Nr.

Symbol

Moss

Nr.

Symbol

1-2-Grow!

Nr.

Symbol

Alternanthera reineckii ’Pink’ (roseafolia)

023

Medium

21

Fissidens fontanus

002F

Advanced

41

Alternanthera reineckii ’Mini’

023C

Medium

21

Anubias barteri var. caladiifolia

101U

Easy

23

Fontinalis sp. ’Willow’

003F

Easy

42

Ammania sp. ’Bonsai’

033E

Medium

22

Bolbitis heudelotii

006

Medium

28

Monosolenium tenerum

002C

Easy

54

Eleocharis sp. ’Mini’

132B

Medium

41

Crinum calamistratum

094A

Easy

30

Riccardia chamedryfolia

003D

Advanced

57

Glossostigma elatinoides

045A

Advanced

42

Crinum natans

094

Medium

30

Riccia fluitans

001

Medium

58

Hemianthus callitrichoides ’Cuba’

048B

Advanced

42

Crinum thaianum

093

Easy

31

Taxiphyllum barbieri

003

Easy

61

Heteranthera zosterifolia

096

Easy

43

Cryptocoryne wendtii ’Tropica’

109E

Easy

33

Taxiphyllum sp. ’Spiky’

003G

Easy

61

Lilaeopsis brasiliensis

040

Medium

47

Echinodorus ’Barthii’

072A

Easy

40

Vesicularia dubyana ’Christmas’

003A

Medium

64

Marsilea hirsuta

010

Medium

50

Echinodorus ’Ozelot’

073F

Easy

36

Vesicularia ferriei ’Weeping’

003B

Medium

64

Nymphoides sp. ’Taiwan’

041B

Easy

55

Echinodorus ’Ozelot Green’

073G

Easy

36

Pogostemon erectus

053F

Medium

56

Echinodorus palaefolius var. latifolius

076

Medium

37

Floating plants

Nr.

Symbol

Riccia fluitans

001

Medium

58

Echinodorus ’Rosé’

072B

Easy

38

Azolla caroliniana

013

Easy

27

Rotala macrandra

032

Advanced

58

Echinodorus ’Rubin’

074B

Easy

39

Ceratophyllum demersum ’Foxtail’

021A

Easy

29

Staurogyne repens

049G

Easy

60

Hygrophila corymbosa ’Siamensis’

053A

Easy

45

Limnobium laevigatum

063

Easy

48

Taxiphyllum barbieri

003

Easy

61

Microsorum pteropus

008

Easy

51

Riccia fluitans

001

Medium

58

Vesicularia dubyana ’Christmas’

003A

Medium

64

Salvinia natans

011

Easy

60

Vesicularia ferriei ’Weeping’

003B

Medium

64

Publisher: Tropica Aquarium Plants Mejlbyvej 200 8250 Egaa Denmark Tel.+45 86 22 05 66 Fax.+45 86 22 84 66 e-mail: tropica@tropica.dk www.tropica.com

Thanks to: Christel Kasselmann Claus Christensen Dan Crawford Eduard Gercog Eu It Hai George Farmer Jan Ole Pedersen Kirsten Hjørne Kirsten Tind Mark Evans Ole Pedersen Oliver Knott Tony Swinney Verner Hancke

Side

Side

Side

AquaDecor

Nr.

Symbol

Side

Anubias barteri var. caladiifolia

101

Easy

23

Tuberous plants

Nr.

Symbol

Anubias barteri var. nana

101

Easy

24

Aponogeton boivinianus

088

Medium

25

Bolbitis heudelotii

006

Medium

28

Aponogeton longiplumulosus

089D

Medium

26

Cryptocoryne beckettii ’Petchii’

108A

Easy

31

Aponogeton madagascariensis

089

Medium

26

Hemianthus callitrichoides ’Cuba’

048B

Advanced

42

Aponogeton ulvaceus

086

Medium

26

Hygrophila pinnatifida

051A

Medium

46

Nymphaea lotus

019

Medium

55

Microsorum pteropus

008

Easy

51

Microsorum pteropus ’Narrow’

008A

Easy

52

Bunches

Nr.

Symbol

Microsorum pteropus ’Windeløv’

008B

Easy

53

Alternanthera reineckii ’Pink’ (roseafolia)

023

Medium

21

Monosolenium tenerum

002C

Easy

54

Bacopa caroliniana

043

Easy

27

Pogostemon helferi

053H

Medium

56

Cabomba caroliniana

015

Easy

28

Riccia fluitans

001

Medium

58

Echinodorus bleheri

071

Easy

35

Taxiphyllum barbieri

003

Easy

61

Egeria densa

058

Easy

40

Vesicularia dubyana ’Christmas’

003A

Medium

64

Hygrophila corymbosa

053

Easy

44

Hygrophila difformis

051

Easy

45

Vallisneria sp. ’Natans’

055

Easy

62

Vallisneria sp. ’Asiatica’

056A

Easy

63

Side

Side

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Side

Printer: Scanprint a/s © All right reserved 65


Appendix Stem (Egeria, Hygrophila, Ludwigia…) If necessary, cut off the overgrown roots so that the pot and stone wool can be removed and the roots trimmed to approx. 4 cm. In case of bundle stem plants with a ceramic ring, remove the ceramic ring and the bottom leaves. Plant the stems one by one in a group. Rosette (Echinodorus, Cryptocoryne…) If necessary, cut off the overgrown roots so that you can remove the pot and mineral wool. Trim the roots at approx. 4 cm. Divide into single rosettes and remove the oldest/outermost leaves. Plant alone or in a group.

Rhizomes (Anubias, Microsorum…) If necessary, cut off the overgrown roots so that you can remove the pot and mineral wool. When planting in bundles, do not cover the rhizome or the plant will rotten. The plant can be bound or squeezed between stones or roots.

Bulbs and tubers (Crinum, Aponogeton…) Remove the pot and the mineral wool. Cut any strong roots at approx. 4 cm. If there are several plants in the pot, separate them from each other. Plant Crinum with approx. ½ of the bulb over the bottom layer. Tubers can be covered completely, but the shoot must be above the bottom layer. 66


Stolons (Vallisneria, Lilaeopsis…) Remove the pot and the mineral wool. If applicable, trim the roots at approx. 4 cm. Remove the ceramic ring from the bundles. Plant the stems one by one in a group. Lilaeopsis, however, in small portions.

Floating plants (Limnobium, Ceratophyllum…) You can cut the very long roots and Ceratophyllum can be divided into small pieces. The plants are placed on the surface. Note the shading effect they have further down in the aquarium.

Moss (Taxiphyllum, Monosolenium…) The portion can be divided into smaller portions. Used ”loosely floating” in the aquarium or bound to stones/roots. Very small moss tufts can be inserted into the bottom layer to cover the bottom.

Bottom layer (Eleocharis, Glossostigma…) Remove the pot and the excess mineral wool. Trim the mineral wool chunk at approx. 2 cm under plant level to use it as an “anchor” when planting. Divide into 4-10 portions and plant evenly over the area you wish to cover.

67


Tropica Aquarium Plants A/S Mejlbyvej 200 8250 Egaa Denmark Tel.+45 86 22 05 66 Fax.+45 86 22 84 66 e-mail: tropica@tropica.dk www.tropica.com

€ 5 | £ 4 | DKK 40


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