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My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips Volume 2


Cover: Susan Wakefield Kinney (1842-1929), Colebrook, Litchfield Co., Conn., circa 1851


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips A catalog with titles or subject identification with life dates, work dating, location, dimensions, descriptions, inscriptions, biographical data, provenance, sale records, ownership, published references, and cross-references to previous catalogs for over 750 works, with additional notes as to duplicates, errors and misattributions; and a comparative survey of over 600 examples, organized by date, locale, and stylistic period.

Volume 2 – Comparative Survey

David R. Allaway First edition - June 2019 ISBN 978-0-9987122-1-5


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Author’s Note Ammi Phillips’ given name is from the biblical Hebrew, meaning “my people.” As he devoted a half-century to traveling the Hudson Valley and capturing the likenesses of his contemporaries, it seemed a fitting title for a catalog of his work.

View from Mount Merino near Hudson by Henry Ary, circa 1848. Brooklyn Museum.


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Contents Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................... 7 Geographic Analysis ..................................................................................................................................................... 15 Table 1 - Ammi Phillips Geography by Decade ........................................................................................................... 15 Circa 1811: The Early Period – Berkshire Co., Mass. ................................................................................................ 17 Circa 1811: The Early Period – Columbia Co., N.Y. ................................................................................................... 18 Early to Mid-1810’s: The “Border Limner” Period – Unknown locales ..................................................................... 19 Early to Mid-1810’s: The “Border Limner” Period – Washington, Rensselaer and Columbia Co., N.Y. ................. 20 Early to Mid-1810’s: The “Border Limner” Period – Columbia Co., N.Y. and vicinity ............................................. 21 Mid-1810’s: The “Border Limner” Period – Dorr family portraits, Chatham, Columbia Co., N.Y. ......................... 22 Mid-1810’s: The “Border Limner” Period – Hoosick and Hoosick Falls, Rensselaer Co., N.Y. ................................ 23 Mid-1810’s: The “Border Limner” Period – Rensselaer Co., N.Y. and unidentified ................................................. 24 Mid-1810’s: The “Border Limner” Period – Rensselaer Co., N.Y. .............................................................................. 25 Mid to Late-1810’s: The “Border Limner” Period – Rensselaer Co., N.Y. and unidentified .................................... 26 Mid-1810’s: The “Border Limner” Period – Washington and Rensselaer Co., N.Y. .................................................. 27 Circa 1820: The Troy Period – Rensselaer Co., N.Y. .................................................................................................. 28 Circa 1820: The Troy Period - Rensselaer and Columbia Co., N.Y. and unidentified .............................................. 29 Circa 1820-21: The Troy Period – Columbia Co., N.Y. and unidentified ................................................................... 32 Circa 1815-22: The Troy Period – Young People ......................................................................................................... 33 Circa 1821-22: The Rhinebeck Period – Fishkill, Dutchess Co., N.Y. ....................................................................... 34 Circa 1821-22: The Rhinebeck Period – Red Hook and Pine Plains, Dutchess Co., N.Y. ........................................ 35 Circa 1821-22: The Rhinebeck Period – Lithgow, Dutchess Co., N.Y........................................................................ 37 Circa 1823: The West Bank Portraits – Greene and Ulster Co., N.Y. ....................................................................... 38 Circa 1823: The West Bank Portraits – Ulster and Schoharie Co., N.Y. and unidentified ..................................... 39 Circa 1823: The West Bank Portraits – Ulster Co., N.Y. and unidentified .............................................................. 40 Circa 1824: The Southwest Hudson Portraits – Ulster Co., N.Y. and related Dutchess Co., N.Y. ......................... 41 Circa 1824: The Southwest Hudson Portraits – Ulster and Sullivan Co., N.Y. ........................................................ 42 Circa 1824: The Southwest Hudson Portraits – Orange Co., N.Y. and unidentified ............................................... 43 Mid-to-Late 1820’s: The Realistic Period – Orange Co., N.Y. and unidentified ....................................................... 44 Mid-to-Late 1820’s: The Realistic Period, Infants in White Dresses – Orange Co., N.Y. and unidentified ............ 47 Mid-to-Late 1820’s: The Realistic Period – Dutchess Co., N.Y. and unidentified .................................................... 48 Mid-to-Late 1820’s: The Realistic Period – Greene and Ulster Co., N.Y. and unidentified ..................................... 49 Mid-to-Late 1820’s: The Realistic Period – Dutchess and Ulster Co., N.Y. and unidentified ................................. 50 Circa 1829: The Realistic Period – Orange Co., N.Y. and unidentified ..................................................................... 51 Circa 1829: The Realistic Period – Delaware and Chenango Co., N.Y. ..................................................................... 54 Circa 1829: The Amenia Portraits – Amenia, Dutchess Co., N.Y. and vicinity ........................................................ 55 Circa 1829-30: The Amenia Portraits – Amenia, Dutchess Co., N.Y. and vicinity ................................................... 58 Circa 1832: The Early “Kent Limner” Period – Columbia Co., N.Y. and unidentified ............................................. 60 Circa 1833: The Early “Kent Limner” Period – Dutchess and Ulster Co., N.Y. and unidentified ........................... 61 Early-1830’s: The Early “Kent Limner” Period – Greene and Ulster Co., N.Y. and unidentified ........................... 62 Circa 1834: The Early “Kent Limner” Period – Columbia and Ulster Co., N.Y. and unidentified .......................... 63


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Circa 1834: The Early “Kent Limner” Period – Dutchess Co., N.Y. and unidentified ............................................. 64 Early-Mid 1830’s: The Early “Kent Limner” Period – Dutchess Co., N.Y. and unidentified .................................. 65 Circa 1836: The “Kent Limner” Portraits - Kent, Litchfield Co., Conn. ................................................................... 66 Mid-1830’s The “Kent Limner” Period – Dutchess Co., N.Y. and unidentified ........................................................ 67 Mid-1830’s: The “Kent Limner” Period – Ulster Co., N.Y. and unidentified ............................................................ 68 Mid-1830’s: The “Kent Limner” Period – Litchfield Co., Conn and Westchester Co., N.Y. ..................................... 69 Mid-1830’s: The “Kent Limner” Period – Dutchess Co., N.Y. and unidentified ....................................................... 70 Mid-1830’s: The “Kent Limner” Period – Dutchess and Putnam Co., N.Y. and Litchfield Co., Conn. ................... 72 Circa 1838-40: The Late “Kent Limner” Period – Dutchess Co., N.Y. and unidentified ......................................... 73 Circa 1838-40: The Late “Kent Limner” Period – Westchester Co., N.Y. ................................................................. 74 Circa 1838-40: The Late “Kent Limner” Period – Litchfield Co., Conn. ................................................................... 75 Mid-1830’s: The “Kent Limner” Period – Well-suited Boys ....................................................................................... 76 Late 1820’s to late 1830’s: The Children in Red Dresses ........................................................................................... 77 Late 1820’s to late 1830’s: More Children in Dresses ................................................................................................ 78 Late 1830’s: The Haxtun Family, Beekman, Dutchess Co., N.Y. .............................................................................. 79 Early to Mid-1840’s: The Early Daguerreotype Period – Fishkill, Dutchess Co., N.Y. and unidentified ............... 80 Early to Mid-1840’s: The Early Daguerreotype Period – Sharon, Litchfield Co., Conn. and unidentified ............. 81 Mid 1840’s: The Daguerreotype Period – Dutchess Co., N.Y. and unidentified ....................................................... 82 Mid 1840’s: Early Daguerreotype Period – Dutchess Co., N.Y. ................................................................................. 83 Mid to Late 1840’s: Early Daguerreotype Period – Litchfield Co., Conn. and unidentified .................................... 84 Circa 1850: The Daguerreotype Period – Litchfield Co., Conn. and unidentified .................................................... 85 Circa 1848-53: The Litchfield Children and related portraits in Paisley shawls ..................................................... 89 Circa 1850’s: The Daguerreotype Period – Berkshire Co., Mass. and unidentified ................................................. 91 Circa 1860: The Late Period – Stockbridge, Mass. vicinity ....................................................................................... 95 Circa 1860’s: The Late Period – Berkshire Co., Mass. and Dutchess Co., N.Y. ....................................................... 97 Addenda - Contemporary Hudson Valley Portraiture ............................................................................................... 98 Table 2 - Portraits Signed or Recorded as by Phillips ................................................................................................ 99 Photo Credits .............................................................................................................................................................. 100 Index to Named Examples (Volume 2) ...................................................................................................................... 109


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2

Introduction This volume is a companion to the complete catalog of Ammi Phillips’ known work, and displays representative examples. As such, it constitutes more than a ten-fold increase over previously available references. As noted in the introduction to Volume 1, I undertook this arrangement in order to better understand the evolution of Ammi Phillips’ style, to convince myself that this large body of portraiture was indeed by a single hand, and to more accurately attribute and date individual portraits. The extant references contained too few examples to create an entirely convincing continuum of work, and in many cases were confusingly arranged. It is my hope that this analysis resolves these difficulties. I have also endeavored to include as many as possible of the evidential works, those which are signed or documented as by Phillips (see Table 2). Arrangement To arrange hundreds of portraits in roughly chronological sequence is no trivial matter. Paramount is the problem that few portraits are dated, either by inscription or by contemporary reference. I decided to reject, as scientifically prejudicial, any previous estimates as to the period or date of individual portraits. Rather, I started afresh, and let the portraits fall where they may. The obvious starting point, like a jigsaw puzzle, was to group portraits which were recognizably similar in pose and general appearance. The groupings were then arranged based on any factually-dated portraits. In many instances, portraits have also been arranged in proximity based on family relationships or specific locality. The underlying assumption is that Phillips often painted portraits of multiple family members or neighbors in a single visit. Where known pairs existed, these were used like dominoes to link the man or woman’s portrait to similar examples, sometimes with surprising results. When possible, portraits have been arranged with others having interestingly similar details. The process was highly iterative and full of problems but was eventually sorted out to my general satisfaction. There is limited ability to do this with portraits of children. Despite their notoriety, children comprise only about ten percent of Phillips’ work. The portraits of children are mostly arranged on separate pages for comparison purposes within their respective periods, some of which are nearly devoid of children’s portraits. In most instances, pairs of portraits (husbands and wives) are shown together. A small number of exceptions are made, where it would prevent a more illustrative comparison with similar portraits. In making so many arrangements of similar portraits, I am by no means attempting to assert the sameness of Phillips’ work. To the contrary, I would draw the reader’s attention to the variety of differences in facial features, both flattering and unflattering, and in details of fabric, furniture and accoutrements. After extensive contemplation, it is the uniqueness, not the sameness, which impresses. In many instances, I have placed unidentified portraits, with no factual basis as to their specific locale, on the same page with similar portraits. In these cases, no locale is intended to be implied, and I leave it to your judgement as to whether this is a useful comparison. Other than placement within time periods, I have refrained from giving estimated dates on individual portraits. Whenever present, I have included any date inscriptions on newspapers or letters held in the subjects’ hands. The titles of books or periodicals are also noted and, when available, the publication date of the book or periodical is given. I have included the date of birth (for children) or date of death of the subject where it may be relevant to dating the portrait. I have not used the descriptive title, as often used in books and sales catalogs (e.g., “Woman in Bonnet holding a Book”) as being redundant, cumbersome and often arbitrary. Instead, I have confined myself to Unidentified Man, Woman, Boy, Girl or Unidentified Child. For these unidentified subjects, the reference number (as used in Volume 1) is given in brackets. What results from all of the above is both chronological, geographical, and stylistic in its progression.

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My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Stylistic Progression Ammi Phillips found a steady clientele for his work from the mid-1810’s to at least the early 1860’s, even successfully battling the headwinds of Daguerreotype photography in mid-career. He clearly had a genius for capturing likenesses. Viewed as a whole, and in detail, one cannot help being struck by the individuality of the faces. From about 1820 onward, they are as distinctive as real individuals. After close acquaintance with over 600 portraits, I now react instantly and instinctively to the sight of a Phillips portrait as being either a familiar or unfamiliar face, just as one would when an actual acquaintance or stranger approaches. The first element one probably notices is that of formula. What might be initially regarded as repetition or similarity is, in fact, drawn from a repertoire. Whether Phillips carried with him a sketch book or simply drew from memory of previous works is unknown. Phillips was continually refining and reinventing his repertoire of poses, repeating a successful formula time and again, trying a new variation here, and discarding an old variation there, never to be used again. It was as if he carried with him, like a traveling conjurer, a constantly evolving portfolio of new and old tricks. The second element one notices is personalization and uniqueness of detail. No two bonnets are the same. No two pieces of lace have the identical pattern. The variety and intricacy of the fabric detail is mind-boggling. Phillips obviously took great pleasure in incorporating small details which spoke to the subject’s individuality. A held letter may indicate the subject’s name and place of residence. A publication may indicate the date, locality, and perhaps the subject’s religious affiliation or political sympathies. A ledger book, a volume of legal statutes, a large bible, a pamphlet on agriculture, a treatise on anatomy or botany, each quietly announced the subject’s profession or avocation. Books, often newly-published, spoke to the subject’s intellectual currency. For women, the message is quieter but still present. A bound poem, a monogrammed psalm book, a piece of sewing in progress, a religious guide for the afflicted, each spoke to the subject’s literacy, piety, domestic occupation or personal circumstance. The precise symbolism of various natural items such as peaches, parsley sprigs or strawberry buds may be partially lost to us, but the intent is evident. Sometimes the puns are writ large, as with the portrait of young Andrew Jackson Ten Broeck under an “Old Hickory” tree. Children are not typically overburdened with toys, whips, baskets or a multitude of pets, but are usually depicted with simplicity and some small item. The message, if any, may be subtle. There can be little doubt that the sedentary dog, which appears in so many of his portraits of children, was Phillips’ own. As a traveling companion, a means of connecting with children, and of keeping them preoccupied during tedious portrait sessions, Phillips could have found no better device. Fashions in attire come and go over the decades: From the simple women’s caps of the 1810’s to the elaborate bonnets and lace of the 1820’s and 1830’s, to the more restrained fashions of the 1840‘s and 1850’s. From the gentleman’s high white stocks and ruffled jabots of the 1810‘s and 1820’s to the briefly-fashionable black stocks and cream vests of the early 1830’s, to the dark bow ties of the 1840’s and 1850’s. Only older gentlemen adhere to styles that were popular in prior decades. Furniture follows suit, from the bold fancy-painted arm and side-chairs of the 1810’s and early 1820’s, to the Hitchcock-style gold-stenciled chairs of the late 1820’s and 1830’s, to the heavy velvet-upholstered armchairs of the 1840’s and 1850’s. The period of the Amenia portraits, where Phillips apparently had sufficient local commissions to work out of his residence is evident, with many subjects depicted in the identical pillow-back side chair which may have been in Phillips’ home. The impact of Daguerreotype photography, which swept the region in the early 1840’s, must have been profound. We know that some portrait artists turned to the Daguerreotype process, or abandoned their portrait profession altogether. Phillips may have been knocked off his feet for a time. His productivity suddenly declined in the early 1840’s, and never fully recovered to the levels of the 1820’s and 1830’s. His style became less expansive and imaginative from that point forward, and something that appeals to our modern eye was lost. This may have been a question of economy of time and money, since he needed to simplify and shorten his process to complete with the sheer speed and low cost of photography. More importantly, I believe, he needed to accommodate changing tastes and expectations. The elaborate costumes and exaggerated poses of the 1830’s may have suddenly seemed unrealistic to his clientele. And the restrictions of photography, with its rigid postures and short focal plane, may have changed the popular concept of what a portrait should look like. Whether he actually worked from Daguerreotypes during this period is unknown. Based on the formulaic poses whose use transcends years and 8


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 locales, we presume that he did not. For any or all of these reasons, the result clearly imitated the competition. An exception is his portraits of children, where he managed to retain much of his old freedom. Still, he trudged on, and with apparent success. Only late in his career does his demographic shift noticeably to children and older clientele. This may reflect the challenges of child photography, and a preference for traditional portraiture among older persons. Interestingly, some of his last works are close relatives of persons he depicted early in his career. Perhaps he was revisiting old acquaintances and capitalizing on old connections. The stylistic periods of Phillips’ work have been well analyzed and described in the work of Mary C. Black and Stacy C. Hollander, and it is not my objective to replicate or replace those analyses. The reader is referred to Black’s introduction to Ammi Phillips: Portrait Painter, 1788-1965 (1968) and Hollander’s critical insights in Ammi Phillips: Revisiting Fifty Years of American Portraiture (1994). In making this arrangement, however, I have made a somewhat finer classification of stylistic periods. Phillips made no abrupt shifts in style, so no such classification has perfectly-defined boundaries. In the arrangement, I’ve used the following headings, with my personal observations as follows: The Early Period (circa 1810-11) The earliest indicators of Ammi Phillips’ professional activity are his advertisements as a portrait artist in Pittsfield, Berkshire County, Massachusetts in 1809 and 1810. No works are specifically known from these years, however the portrait pair of Patience Bolles Stoddard and Ashbel Stoddard, of Hudson, Columbia County, New York, may date as early as 1810. He is holding a copy of Washington’s Farewell Address in quarto, which was published in that format only in that year. Four portraits are known from 1811. These include the portraits of Gideon Smith and Chloe Allis Judson (unrelated to each other) both inscribed 1811 and both inscribed as painted by Phillips, and also the portraits of child siblings Charles Rollin Barstow and Pluma Amelia Barstow. These are documented, in the surviving diary of their father, Dr. Samuel Barstow, as having been painted by Phillips in 1811. The aforementioned subjects were residents of the nearby towns Stockbridge, Sheffield and Great Barrington (respectively) in southern Berkshire County, Massachusetts. The portraits of this period are the most primitive of Phillips’ known work, and are characterized by stiff poses, anatomically simplified (or absent) hands, faces lacking in distinctive detail, and oddly acorn-shaped heads. The full-length portrait of an unidentified boy in a skeleton suit, holding a hat and book, appears to date from this early period. The “Border Limner” Period (circa 1812-16) The “Border Limner” was an unidentified portrait artist, active along the New York-Massachusetts border prior to about 1820, ultimately identified as Ammi Phillips. The portraits of Dr. Isaac Everest and Sarah Cornwall Everest are datable to September 1812, no more than a year after Phillips’ earliest known portraits. While remaining primitive to our eye, with distortions of scale and perspective, they already evidence a more relaxed and confident style. The only factually-attributable portraits from this entire period are those of John and Phoebe Haynes, both inscribed as painted by “A. Phillips” in 1814. They are convincingly similar to many other attributed works from this period. The known subjects of this period are residents of the adjoining New York counties of Columbia, Rensselaer and Washington. The only two known portraits of this period from Massachusetts are from Goodrich Hollow, which is on a steep west-facing slope, and only accessible from Rensselaer County, New York. The portraits of this period are notable for their pale backgrounds in a variety of hues, the depiction of limbs which are often gangly and tubular, the expansive and somewhat awkward postures, and the extensive use of chairs, tables, books and other items. The canvases of this period are often larger than Phillips’ typical later works, and with the subject placed low on the canvas. In some instances, I have shown these larger portraits at a scale which reflects their relative size (and this is so-indicated on the page heading). Notable in this period, and the earlier Barstow portraits, are the large, narrow, full-length portraits of standing children. Phillips would not return to this format after the Border Limner period. 9


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 The Troy Period (circa 1817-21) The Troy period, which immediately follows the Border Limner period, is named by me for the time in which Phillips was known to be residing in Troy, Rensselaer County, New York. These portraits show Phillips coming out of the wilderness, both in emulation of academic style and in increasing competence. As has been noted elsewhere, he is clearly under the influence of Ezra Ames, who dominated the nearby Albany market, and Phillips may have unsuccessfully attempted to enter that market. Stylistic influences include more restrained and classical poses, including some bust-like poses of gentleman without hands, women clutching wrapped shawls, the depiction of drapery in the upper corner of the canvas, and dark backgrounds. For some notable clients such as General David Robinson and The Reverend Jonas Coe, Phillips used the large canvases of his Border Limner period. But during the Troy period he seems to have abandoned large and varied canvas sizes and standardized on the 30 by 24 inch portrait which would become his mainstay for the next decade. The dark backgrounds he adopted during this period would remain his style for the next forty years. During this period, Phillips continued to work in Rensselaer and Columbia counties, with steady clientele and apparently no further need to venture as far north as Washington County. An exception is the Robinson portraits, done in Bennington, Vermont, but barely four miles from Rensselaer County, New York. Most evident in the portraits of the Troy period is Phillips’ strongly developing skill at faces. No longer are they similar, or distinguished by gross features, but have a striking individuality and personality which would continue to improve. The restrictions of the prevailing classical style did not always play to Phillips’ strengths or preferences, and he may have realized this. Gradually he returned to his more expansive and varied poses, retaining some of the academic conventions which he had emulated, combining them with his own idiosyncratic details and drawing from both worlds as suited him. The earliest evidence of Phillips’ emerging classical style (sans drapery) is the bust-like depiction of N.B. (Napoleon Bonaparte) Buell dated 1818. Both the portraits of Rev. Gabriel Gebhard and Anna Maria Magdalene Carver Gebhard of Claverack, Columbia County, New York are inscribed with the subjects’ names, “1820” and “Painted by A. Phillips” and “Delineavit A. Phillips”, respectively. Two portraits signed and dated 1821 are Dr. John McClellan and Jonathan Lane, both of Livingston, Columbia County, New York. The portrait of George Selby holding a letter addressed to him in Albany, New York may in fact have been painted at the time of his marriage in May 1821, possibly at Schodack, Rensselaer County, New York. The Rhinebeck Period (circa 1821-22) The Rhinebeck period is a bridge between the styles of Troy period and the West Bank and Southwest Hudson portraits. This group may coincide with Phillips’ relocation of his residence to Rhinebeck in Dutchess County, New York sometime after 1820. In this time period, he turns his sights to the south and west. Several subjects are in towns close to Rhinebeck, including Red Hook and Pine Plains. It also includes Phillips’ first journeys farther south to Fishkill in Dutchess County and may have been his springboard across the Hudson. The portraits of this period continue in the Troy period motif, with single-handed or bust-style gentlemen and women in plain bonnets and ruffled collars, often with crossed wrists. Subjects are often depicted in red or yellow painted side chairs, and I originally dubbed this Phillips’ “yellow chair” period. The few available dates include the portrait of Dr. Abijah Gilbert Benedict (and Charlotte H. Newcomb Benedict) of Red Hook, with a letter dated August 23, 1822; and the portrait of Judge Isaac Smith (and Phoebe Lewis Smith) with “The Plough Boy” (published 1819-23). The West Bank and Southwest Hudson Portraits (circa 1823-26) The “West Bank” portraits illustrate Phillip’s initial work in the counties bordering the west bank of the Hudson River: Ulster and Greene County, New York. If Phillips had been unsuccessful in penetrating the Albany market, his search for clientele among prosperous rural families south of Albany was more productive. From small 10


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 evidence, we can discern that these first trans-Hudson works were produced circa 1823. An 1825 letter by John Vanderlyn indicates that Phillips had painted likenesses of the Jacobus Hardenburgh family a year or two earlier in Kingston, Ulster County, New York. The portrait of an unidentified young man holding Milton’s Works is inscribed “Ammon Philips July 20th 1823 Woodstock, New York,” in Ulster County, and is associated with this stylistic period. Identified, and tentatively identified, subjects in Ulster and Greene Counties comprise this grouping, which also includes a pair (Rev. Winslow Paige and Clarissa Keyes Paige) from south-easternmost Schoharie County, bordering Greene County. The “Southwest Hudson” portraits represent slightly further excursions southward in Ulster County and to Orange County, New York about 1824. Among these are several portraits of related members of the Hasbrouck family of New Paltz, Ulster County, New York, and the Thompson family of Orange County, New York, two inscribed “Painted by Ammi Phillips AD 1824.” It is in this period that Phillips employs the device of a shawl wrapped around the female subject’s arm. These include subjects in black dresses with a white shawl with green floral border, and the striking portraits of women in white dresses with a red shawl similarly arranged. Gentleman of the period are shown in both bust-like portraits, sans hands, and in more casual poses involving fancy-painted and bamboo-painted chairs and holding books. The portrait of Daniel Bull (related by marriage to the Thompson family) shows the deeply half-shaded facial depiction which is characteristic of Phillips’ Realistic period. The Realistic Period (mid to late 1820’s) Mary C. Black referred more broadly to a period that marked “a dramatic departure from the visions of the Border period to the meticulous realism that dominated his work from about 1820 to 1828.” Within this context, Phillips employed costumes which are usually as dark as the backgrounds, and faces which are deeply shaded and with striking individuality. The only definitively datable portraits are four from Mount Hope, Orange County, New York dated explicitly to 1826. Some subjects hold books published in 1827 or 1828. I closed this grouping with three portraits of infants in similar attire, only one of which can be identified as from Orange County, New York and dating to about 1828. The Amenia Portraits (circa 1829-30) The Amenia portraits, although from a relatively brief period, are a large and cohesive grouping, and many of the subjects are from Amenia, Dutchess County, New York or nearby. This seems to represent a peak period of productivity by Phillips, when he has a steady clientele, and may have done much of his work close to home. A characteristic element is a distinctively painted pillow-back chair which might have belonged to Phillips. A number of portraits show Hitchcock-style chairs with gold stencils in various leaf patterns. There is evidence that Phillips may have used some of the commercially available decorative stencils directly on the canvas. In some, the subject appears to be gesturing toward the stenciling. Elaborate tall bonnets become the norm for female subjects of this period, each unique. A pose with long untied ribbons hanging one in front and one in back is also characteristic of the period. Several portraits are specifically dated to 1829 or 1830 from newspapers or letters in the subjects’ hands. The overwhelming majority of this group are from Amenia itself, or neighboring villages. The Early “Kent Limner” Period (early to mid-1830’s) No abrupt change marks the boundary of Phillips’ “Kent Limner” or “Kent” period, which Mary C. Black more broadly defines as 1829-1838. Indeed the Amenia Portraits begin to show that exuberant style. Women’s bonnets often show a triangular shape, as though Phillips was struggling to fit them within the canvas. Women may also be depicted instead with a large ruffled collar or large trim to their neckline, their unadorned head showing off their fashionable “Apollo’s Knot” hairstyle. The effect is the same, with the bonnet or collar providing a stark contrast with the dark background and clothing, and highlighting the subject’s face. Gentlemen’s fashions include pale vests and the newly-popular black stock. The pale vests appear a passing fashion, but the black stock forever replaces the white stock, except for the occasional older subject. Most characteristic of this period, is the women’s full-body leaning pose, not just the leaning head as used in the Amenia period. This would become the hallmark of Phillips’ Kent period portraits of women. Most notable of the dated portraits are the Columbia County, New York group, which are datable to 1834. 11


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 The “Kent Limner” Period (circa 1834-1839) In the summer of 1836, Phillips’ commissions took him to the isolated but prosperous (due to iron ore) village of Kent, Connecticut, just across the state border from Dutchess County, New York. It is unknown how many portraits of Kent’s leading families Phillips painted that summer, but seven survived. These came to light as a group 88 years later when they were exhibited at a local fair. The then-forgotten artist was dubbed the “Kent Limner” and was lauded by Mrs. Helen Carlotta Nelson, wife of a local artist, in International Studio in 1925. The stylized portraiture, with upright gentlemen and leaning ladies with elaborate bonnets and hands in the lowerleft corner of the canvas became exemplars of what became known as Phillips’ “Kent Limner” or simply “Kent” period. Unfortunately, Mrs. Nelson also promoted the myth that these were faces added to stock bodies. The boundaries of Phillips’ Kent Limner period are not crisp, but are centered, by definition, on the Kent portraits of 1836. These seven portraits, which are of special significance in the emergence of interest in anonymous American folk portraiture, are shown on a single page. The portraits of this fully-developed period are characterized by somewhat lighter backgrounds of medium brown, boldly stylized black dresses with balloon sleeves, and women with a characteristic leaning posture, usually (but not always) to proper right on a small table, often with books. Curiously, Phillips mostly dispenses with furniture, other than the occasional sofa, and women of this period typically have no visible means of support. Women’s heads are sometimes unadorned, but are more often depicted with elaborate bonnets. The darkness of the women’s black dresses and men’s black jackets and stocks are boldly contrasted with broad white collars and white shirts. During this period, Phillips seems to have worked primarily in Dutchess County, New York, with excursions slightly south to Putnam and Westchester counties. By 1836, Phillips was listed as a Poughkeepsie artist, and sometime before 1838 he had moved his residence from Rhinebeck to Amenia, Dutchess County, New York. The Late “Kent Limner” Period (circa 1839-40) The portraits of the late 1830’s and 1840 use a reliable formula, somewhat more restrained than the most exuberantly stylized portraits of the mid-1830s. Gentlemen are depicted in what almost appears as a standing pose. Women’s headwear is less elaborate, or absent, and the poses with close-together hands and frequent use of small books are less imaginative. A distinctive prop of this period is a small table covered in green leather with brass tacks. The dateable portraits which continue in the “Kent Limner” tradition include Judge Ebenezer Foster (and Frances Sprague Foster) of South East, Putnam County, N.Y, with a letter dated 1839; Gerald Crane (head of the Flatfoot circus monopoly) and Roxanna Purdy Crane of Somers, Westchester, New York, inscribed 1839; and George C. Sunderland, also of Somers, Westchester County, New York, boldly inscribed in Phillips’ hand: “By Mr. Ammi Phillips in the fall 1840.” The Children in Red Dresses Although shown on a single page for comparison purposes, this grouping may represent at least three periods. The fact that all nine are unidentified represents a mystery and a challenge. The first unidentified boy and girl (top row) from the Balken collection, now at Princeton, are likely the earliest. It has been suggested, from provenance, that the child with teething ring may be related to an unidentified man with quill from the Realistic period (mid to late 1820’s). The portrait of an unidentified child, aka “Hannah Standish”, bears an extremely close resemblance to the identified portrait of James Mairs Salisbury (born 1834). And the three similar portraits of young girls in red dresses with necklaces are also similar to the portrait of Andrew Jackson Ten Broeck which is dated 1834. It has been suggested, based on provenance, that the iconic portrait of the girl holding a white cat (page center) may belong to the Raymond family, and hence the related Foster family, including Augusta Maria Foster. By stroke of luck, and close scrutiny, the portraits of Frances Sprague Foster and Judge Ebenezer Foster are datable to 1839. On this basis, and a satisfying resemblance between the child and the rosy-cheeked couple, I have formed a hypothesis that the child is Ann Amelia Foster (1833-1883). This remains speculative, however. The two portraits with red drapery, depicting somewhat older children, may date from a slightly later period, and bear some similarities to the portraits of the “Litchfield Children” [q.v.]. 12


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 The Early Daguerreotype Period (early to mid-1840’s) An abrupt change in Phillips’ style is evident in the early 1840’s, which perfectly coincides with the stunningly swift popularity of Daguerre’s photographic process in the United States. Most pronounced is the introduction of the upholstered arm chair with men depicted from a side angle and slightly above, as though shown in an aisle seat of a theater or train. The women are less severely affected, but are shown in an equivalent sofa pose which Phillips had abandoned a decade earlier. Smaller bonnets have become the norm. Dating is available starting about 1843, with Joseph Bogardus’ “Anti-Bank Democrat” (published 1842-43), and Harriet Simmons Hasbrouck’s book dated 1843. Two newspapers of 1845 are depicted, and the portrait of Rachel Divine is dated 1846 in Phillips’ careful block lettering. One hallmark of this period is the use of side light crossing the page of a newspaper or book, leaving part of the page brightly lit, and the rest in shadow. This device was used frequently by Phillips in the mid-1840’s but not before or after. The Daguerreotype Period (late 1840’s and 1850’s) During this period, Phillips painted what Stacy Hollander has described as “a virtual army of black-suited, sternfaced New Yorkers.” The poses are drummingly repetitive for both men and women. Phillips abandons his ambidextrous style and depicts most men facing proper left, and one-handed, usually with an unobtrusive book or newspaper. Black stocks have evolved into black ties, and pleated shirts are ever present. Women are mostly facing proper right, with an arm resting on a sofa arm, and a small book or other object held in the left hand. Gone are the elaborate headwear and occasionally colorful dresses. All is black and restrained, as was the fashion of the period, and women are frequently bareheaded. Only in the faces themselves, and in the meticulous depiction of lace does Phillips make each portrait unique. Occasionally, the gentleman is holding a dated newspaper, and some identifiable books have publication dates which lend a clue as to date and occupation. By 1850, Phillips had moved from Amenia to the town of North East, Dutchess County, New York. The Litchfield Children (circa 1848-53) As noted earlier, Phillips’ portraits of children are a refreshing departure from the rigid formality and dark tonality of his Daguerreotype period. Phillips’ took obvious delight in devoting extra time and artistic license to depicting juvenile subjects of this period. Among these are a number of children in blue and red dresses from Litchfield County, Connecticut. Included in this grouping are several adult females with paisley shawls who are the sister or mother of a child depicted in the same portrait or a related portrait. Although no specific dating is available, the ages of the known subjects dates these from the late 1840’s to the early 1850’s. The portrait of Susan W. Kinney was possibly done on the occasion of her sister’s marriage to Lucius Culver in 1853, which took place at the home of Ammi Phillips, who was a cousin of their mother. The portrait, prior to damage and canvas reduction, was said to have included white pantalets and a cat and flower in the subject’s lap. In its original form, it may therefore have resembled the unidentified girl with flower and cat (see Children in Red Dresses, lower left). The Late Period (mid-1850’s to early 1860’s) In the early 1850’s Phillips moved from the town of North East in Dutchess County, New York to Berkshire County, Massachusetts, first moving to New Marlborough by 1855 and finally to Curtisville, near Stockbridge, by 1860. This brought him full circle to his Berkshire County base of fifty years earlier. He also came full circle with a portrait of the now-elderly daughter-in-law of Gideon Smith of Stockbridge, who he had painted fifty years earlier. Commissions from the Beckwith and Husted families also represented a connection to his long-ago Rhinebeck period. Few portraits from Phillips’ last decade are dated. Among these are his portrait of a man with a newspaper “Agriculture” dated November 30, 1860, which is shown for comparison purposes with the portraits of the 1850’s. The last known dated portrait is that of Elizabeth Harris Husted, dated “by A. Phillips, June 20 th 1862.” Phillips productivity has declined, either by choice or circumstances, in his last years. And the radius of his travels 13


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 decreases to a relatively short distance from his home. As noted earlier, a disproportionate number of his late subjects are small children and the elderly. A curious hallmark of his late portraits is a pronounced distortion, in the form of a diagonal elongation from the upper left to the somewhat lower right of the canvas. Whether this is by conscious choice, or is an artifact of failing eyesight is unknown. Addenda – Contemporary Hudson Valley Portraiture For comparative purposes, I have included just four examples of Phillips’ potential competition among academic portraitists, which may also have been early sources of inspiration. These are works attributed to Ezra Ames (1768-1836), John Vanderlyn (1775-1852), Bass Otis (1784-1861) and John Vanderlyn II (1805-1876). The Evidential Works At the time of the first 1965-66 exhibit there was knowledge of 16 evidential works, those either signed by Phillips or with contemporary records of their creation by Phillips. Of these, only five were included in the exhibit and catalog examples. This left ample room for skepticism as to whether Phillips was solely responsible for this varied collection of portraiture. The fact that the 1965 catalog images were arranged alphabetically by the subject’s name no doubt added to the skepticism, with images spanning 50 years effectively juxtaposed at random. By 1968 the number of evidential examples had increased to 21, and 11 were shown. Although a marked improvement, no signed examples had been discovered from the distinct Border Period of 1812 to 1819. This still left a significant stylistic and evidentiary gap between the earliest known example of 1811, and Phillips’s far more accomplished work of the 1820’s. And the issue of whether Phillips was the Border Limner remained technically unproven. By 1994 the number of evidential works had increased by half again, with important new discoveries added from 1811, 1814 and 1819, and several from the 1820’s. Of the new total of 34, however, only five were included among the 50 exhibit and catalog examples. Although the proof existed, without extensive research it was not entirely evident. In this catalog we have increased the total number of illustrated examples by twelvefold, and we have included all 35 of the evidential works now known (see Table 2). We will leave final judgement to the reader, but with the added depth and continuity of examples, and the inclusion of 35 evidential examples (34 in this volume), the unbroken evolution of Phillips’ work seems clear.

14


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Geographic Analysis The image of the itinerant portrait artist as a Johnny Appleseed is romanticized and does not quite fit Phillips. He owned homes and had a large family. This he used as a central base for commissions which took him to neighboring towns or counties. His ventures took him across the Hudson River, or into Connecticut, seemingly relying on word of mouth, and exhausting the local supply of relatives and neighbors of his subjects. Sometimes he appears to have visited a place only once or twice, perhaps repeating the visit the following year, never to return. His well-known Kent period was named for eight portraits completed over the course of perhaps two months in the summer of 1836, and he may never have crossed the state border into nearby Kent, Connecticut again. On the basis of his birthplace in Connecticut, his identification as the Kent Limner, and the first major exhibit of his work by the Connecticut Historical Society, Phillips has a well-established image of being a Connecticut portraitist. An examination of the data shows that he was overwhelmingly a New York State artist (see Table 1). On the basis of nearly 500 credible subject identifications, we find that 75% of his portraits were executed in New York State, 13% in Connecticut, and 12% in Massachusetts. During his most prolific decade of the 1820’s, not a single work is known from Connecticut. Only very late in his career, in the 1850’s, does his base shift strongly to Connecticut. Table 1 - Ammi Phillips Geography by Decade 1810's Connecticut:

1820's

1830's

1840's

1850's

1860's

Overall

0%

0%

16%

21%

58%

4%

13%

Massachusetts:

15%

0%

2%

12%

34%

83%

12%

New York:

82%

100%

82%

67%

8%

13%

75%

Vermont: Total:

3%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

100%

100%

100%

100%

100%

100%

100%

If we rely on specifically datable portraits, then the geographic chronology of Phillips’ work from 1811 to 1862 breaks down as follows: 1) A beginning in the southwest corner of Berkshire County, Massachusetts in 1811 in the nearby towns of Stockbridge, Great Barrington and Sheffield. 2) An extended Hudson Valley period from 1812 to 1848, mostly in New York State on the east side of the Hudson River, except for excursions to the west side of the river during the 1820’s and a brief foray across the state border into Kent, Litchfield Co., Connecticut in mid-1836. The Hudson Valley period may be further broken down into: -

A northerly subperiod in Washington, Rensselaer and Columbia counties from 1812 to 1821 corresponding to his residence in Troy, New York (1820 census) with his wife and children.

-

The aforementioned ‘West Bank’ subperiod (1823-26), which took him across the river to Ulster, and Orange counties. There are undated portraits which suggest that he also did work in Schoharie and Sullivan counties at this time, and may have worked sporadically on the west side of the Hudson in Greene and Ulster counties as late as the mid-1830’s.

-

A subperiod close to home in Dutchess County from 1828-32, and coincident with the death of his first wife and prompt remarriage. Paradoxically, there are undated portraits which suggest that he may have done work in Delaware and Chenango counties around 1830, his furthest journey from home. This may have been prior to his wife’s death in February 1830.

-

A return to Columbia County in 1832-34.

-

The aforementioned Kent, Connecticut border-crossing in 1836. 15


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 -

A venture as far south as Putnam and Westchester counties in 1839-40.

In the remainder of these decades he mostly confined himself to Dutchess County where his family was residing in Rhinebeck (1830 census) and Amenia (1840 census). 3) A Litchfield County, Connecticut period from 1848 to 1850, beginning with a visit to his childhood home of Colebrook, Connecticut. This coincides with his relocation to the town of North East, Dutchess County, New York (1850 census) bordering on Litchfield county. 4) A late period from 1857 to 1862 with a return to southwestern Berkshire County, Massachusetts and his residence in New Marlborough, Massachusetts (1855 census) and Curtisville (Stockbridge), Massachusetts (1860 census) with a final short excursion to northern Dutchess County, New York in 1862. Geographic Outliers In the earlier checklists there exists some evidence that Phillips travelled further west and north in New York State, as far as the Mohawk Valley, Finger Lakes, and northern Adirondacks. Further research has mostly discounted these assertions, including: -

Arthur Leonard “Lenny” Olcott of Cherry Valley, Otsego County, New York [portrait unlocated], done by a “Mr. Phillips” in 1857 is known from references in the diary of the subject’s sister. This was found, on a full reading of the original diary, to have been done at an artist’s studio in lower Manhattan, possibly that of artist and daguerreotypist Benjamin J. Phillips.

-

Catherine A. May (Mrs. Lucius Stimson) of Cortlandville, Cortland Co, N.Y., circa 1830 [National Gallery of Art]. Recorded as from upper New York State by dealer Albert W. Force of Ithaca, N.Y. We have found that she was residing with her newlywed husband in Dehli, Delaware Co., N.Y. at the estimated date of the painting.

-

Jane Bevier Deyo (Mrs. Abraham Deyo) of Guilford, Chenango Co., N.Y., circa 1824. The location “Guilford” likely refers to the hamlet of Guilford in the Town of Gardiner, Ulster Co. N.Y. A portrait of Abraham Deyo, now attributed to John Vanderlyn, is in the possession of the Huguenot Historical Society, New Paltz, Ulster Co., N.Y.

-

Mr. and Mrs. Vail from Afton, N.Y. [Chenango Co.]. Also suggested as possibly being James and Anna Vail of Hamden, Delaware Co., N.Y. The identity of the sitters remains speculative and appears, along with the tentative locations, to be surmised only from recorded occurrences of the Vail surname.

-

Man of the Border Period, Waterloo, Seneca Co., N.Y. [Waterloo Library and Historical Society]. On personal inspection, this oil-on-panel portrait is not the work of Ammi Phillips. It was similarly dropped from the 1994 checklist.

-

Mrs. Smith of Elmira, N.Y. [Chemung Co.] appears to be an assigned name and no specific identity or connection with that location has been established.

-

A boy of the Cook family, aka Samuel Cook, Jr., possibly Ticonderoga, Essex Co., N.Y., circa 1817, about whom no supporting biographical or geographic evidence is found.

-

Mary Morrison, possibly Watertown, Jefferson Co., N.Y., circa 1835 [portrait unlocated], who purportedly died in that location but about whom no supporting biographical or geographic evidence is found.

-

Mrs. Caleb Keese, purportedly of Keeseville in Clinton Co. and Essex Co., N.Y., circa 1825 [portrait unlocated], about whom no supporting biographical or geographic evidence is found.

The above notwithstanding, the portrait identified by later inscription as Leonard Newton Allis of Coventry, Chenango Co., N.Y., circa 1830, has strong supporting evidence of his residence in that location.

16


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Circa 1811: The Early Period – Berkshire Co., Mass. (shown to relative size)

Gideon Smith 1 inscribed “Ped by A. Phillips 1811” Stockbridge, Berkshire Co., Mass.

Chloe Allis Judson 2 inscribed “P...d By A Phillips October 18th c. 1811 Judson agd 72" Sheffield, Berkshire Co., Mass.

Charles Rollin Barstow (b.1805) and Pluma Amelia Barstow (b. 1803) 3 recorded in Dr. Samuel Barstow’s diary, October 6, 1811, as painted by “Philips”, Great Barrington, Berkshire Co., Mass.

17

Unidentified Boy [771] 4 (cf. Frederick Gale)


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Circa 1811: The Early Period – Columbia Co., N.Y.

Patience Bolles Stoddard and Ashbel Stoddard 5 holding Washington’s Farewell Address (pub. as 24 p. quarto in 1810) Hudson, Columbia Co., N.Y.

18

Unidentified Man [587] 6


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Early to Mid-1810’s: The “Border Limner” Period – Unknown locales

Unidentified Woman 7 aka Mrs. Jenkins of Albany (unconfirmed locale)

Mr. and Mrs. Hardy

Unidentified Woman and Man [747 and 633] 9

19

8


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Early to Mid-1810’s: The “Border Limner” Period – Washington, Rensselaer and Columbia Co., N.Y.

Mr. and Mrs. Folsom 10 Possibly Araspus Folsom and Susan Pendleton Folsom of Greenwich, Washington Co., N.Y.

Dr. Nicholas Brown Harris 11 Sand Lake, Rensselaer Co., N.Y.

Joseph Heath and Mabel Rising Heath 12 Galesville, Greenwich Twp., Washington Co., N.Y.

Harriet Betts Hall (d. 1817) and Dr. Philander Hall 13 Lebanon Springs (New Lebanon), Columbia Co., N.Y.

Unidentified Man [616] 14

20


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Early to Mid-1810’s: The “Border Limner” Period – Columbia Co., N.Y. and vicinity

Sarah Cornwall Everest and Dr. Isaac Everest 15 holding open letter dated “September 17, 1812” New Lebanon, Columbia Co., N.Y.

Mrs. Goodrich & child and Mr. Goodrich 16 and 17 Goodrich Hollow, Berkshire Co., Mass. (accessible only via Columbia Co., N.Y.)

Unidentified Woman and Man [716 and 614] 18 and 19 21


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Mid-1810’s: The “Border Limner” Period – Dorr family portraits, Chatham, Columbia Co., N.Y.

Polsapianna Bull Dorr & Esther Maria Dorr (b. 1814) and Dr. Russell Dorr Chatham, Columbia Co., N.Y.

Paulina Dorr (b. 1803) 21 Chatham, Columbia Co., N.Y.

Henrietta Dorr (b. 1808) 22 Chatham, Columbia Co., N.Y.

Joseph Priestly Dorr (b. 1805) 24 Chatham, Columbia Co., N.Y.

Robert Lottridge Dorr (b. 1812) 25 Chatham, Columbia Co., N.Y. 22

20

Catherine Van Slyck Dorr (b. 1804) 23 Chatham, Columbia Co., N.Y.

Russell Griffin Dorr (b. 1807) 26 Chatham, Columbia Co., N.Y.


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Mid-1810’s: The “Border Limner” Period – Hoosick and Hoosick Falls, Rensselaer Co., N.Y.

“John Haynes Aged 41 Years Painted by A Phillips Ad 1814” Hoosick, Rensselaer Co., N.Y.

27

“Phebe Haynes Aged 41 Years Painted by A Phillips Ad 1814” 28 Hoosick, Rensselaer Co., N.Y.

Rebecca Rouse Eddy and Jonathan Eddy with bible and ledger Hoosick Falls, Rensselaer Co., N.Y.

29

23


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Mid-1810’s: The “Border Limner” Period – Rensselaer Co., N.Y. and unidentified

Wilbur Sherman and Sarah Stearns Sherman & daughter 30 inscribed “Aged 39 Years 1815” and “Aged 26 Years 1815” Pittstown, Rensselaer Co., N.Y.

Mrs. Crane and Dr. Crane 32 holding “Boyer on the Bones” (published 1805) (unknown location)

24

Caleb Sherman 31 father of Wilbur Sherman and Alsa Sherman Slade [q.v.] Pittstown, Rensselaer Co., N.Y.


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Mid-1810’s: The “Border Limner” Period – Rensselaer Co., N.Y. (all large-format, shown at reduced scale)

Alsa Sherman Slade and Joseph Slade 33 inscribed “Aged 49 Years AD 1816” and “Aged…Years AD 1816” holding Erastus Darwin’s “Temple of Nature” (published 1804) Hoosick, Rensselaer Co., N.Y.

Milton Dorr 34 Hoosick Falls, Rensselaer Co., N.Y.

Mary Eddy Spicer and Cyrus Spicer Hoosick, Rensselaer Co., N.Y.

Milton Dorr (purportedly) 36 or possibly Josephus Dorr Hoosick Falls, Rensselaer Co., N.Y.

35

Sarah Bull Dorr and Col. Joseph Dorr 37 Hoosick Falls, Rensselaer Co., N.Y.

Amy Chase Bull 38 (mother of Sarah Bull Dorr) Hoosick Falls, Rensselaer Co., N.Y. 25


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Mid to Late-1810’s: The “Border Limner” Period – Rensselaer Co., N.Y. and unidentified

Johan Georg Fake, Jr. and Catherine Sneider Fake 39 Inscribed “George Fake, Age 49 years, and 9 months” and “Age 45 years 5 months - Nov.16, 1815” Pittstown, Rensselaer Co., N.Y.

Unidentified Man and Woman [620 and 732] 40

Philip Slade 41 inscribed “Aged 56 AD 1818” Hoosick, Rensselaer Co., N.Y.

Unidentified Woman 42 with “Holy Bible” (possibly Mrs. Philip Slade) 26

Napoleon Bonaparte Buell 43 inscribed “N.B. Buel” and “1818” (unknown locale)


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Mid-1810’s: The “Border Limner” Period – Washington and Rensselaer Co., N.Y. (shown to relative size)

“M.A. Barker Age 3 years 1816” 44 possibly Easton, Greenwich Twp., Washington Co., N.Y.

Harriet Campbell (b. 1808) 45 Greenwich, Washington Co., N.Y

Mary Elizabeth Gale (b. 1813) 47 Galesville, Greenwich Twp., Washington Co., N.Y.

Frederick Gale (b. 1810) 48 Galesville, Greenwich Twp., Washington Co., N.Y. 27

Harriet Leavens (b. 1802) 46 Lansingburgh (now part of Troy), Rensselaer Co., N.Y.

Jerusha Rogers (b. circa 1804) 49 (canvas possibly reduced) Greenwich, Washington Co., N.Y.


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Circa 1820: The Troy Period – Rensselaer Co., N.Y. and vicinity (shown to relative size)

Nancy Caldwell Robinson and Gen. David Robinson 50 Bennington, Vermont (near Hoosick, Rensselaer Co, N.Y.)

Rev. Jonas Coe 51 Troy, Rensselaer Co., N.Y.

28


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Circa 1820: The Troy Period - Rensselaer and Columbia Co., N.Y. and unidentified

Sally Morgan Walbridge 52 Lansingburgh (now part of Troy) Rensselaer Co., N.Y.

James Van Schoonhoven 53 "Ammi Phillips Painted June 7th, 1819" Troy, Rensselaer Co., N.Y.

Jane Daney Smith 54 Troy, Rensselaer Co., N.Y.

Unidentified Man [631] 55

Ruth Haynes Palmer 56 Hoosick, Rensselaer Co., N.Y. (large format)

Nancy Smith Lamphear 57 (daughter of Jane Daney Smith) Troy, Rensselaer Co., N.Y.

Unidentified Woman [729] 58 with Thomas “Chalkley’s” Journals (published 1808 and 1818)

Rhoda Goodrich Bentley 59 and William Northrup Bentley 60 and Louisa H. Bentley (b. 1813) Lebanon, Columbia Co., N.Y. 29


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Circa 1820-21: The Troy Period – Rensselaer and Columbia Co., N.Y. and unidentified (continued)

Betsy Brownell Gilbert Columbia Co., N.Y.

61

Harriet Hill 62 Rensselaer Co., N.Y.

Catherine Couenhoven Clark Troy, Rensselaer Co., N.Y.

63

Unidentified Woman and Man [718 and 621] 64 inscribed “July 1820” on the original stretchers

Unidentified Woman “1820” 65 aka Jane A. Fort Van Rensselaer Claverack, Columbia Co., N.Y.

Samuel Robert Campbell and Sarah Mynderse Campbell 66 Schodack, Rensselaer Co., N.Y.

Unidentified Man [558] 67

30


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Circa 1820-21: The Troy Period – Rensselaer and Columbia Co., N.Y. and unidentified (continued)

Unidentified Woman [728] 68

Blithia Soulkard Haskell and John Haskell Troy, Rensselaer Co., N.Y.

Gertrude Snyder Harder and William G. Harder 70 letter postmarked Albany, addressed to “William Harder, Ghent” Ghent, Columbia Co., N.Y.

. Catherine Douw Hoffman Philip and Col. Henry G. Philip Claverack, Columbia Co., N.Y. 31

72

69

George Edward Selby 71 of Albany, married at age 17 in May of 1821, possibly at Schodack, Rensselaer Co., N.Y.

Dr. Thomas Broadhead 73 Clermont, Columbia Co., N.Y.


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Circa 1820-21: The Troy Period – Columbia Co., N.Y. and unidentified

Rev. John Gabriel Gebhard and Anna Maria Magdalene Carver Gebhard 75 inscribed "J. Gebhard Ætatis 71 1820 Painted by A. Phillips" and “Anna M. Gebhard Ætatis 64 1820 Delineavit A. Phillips” Claverack, Columbia Co., N.Y.

Dr. John A. McClellan 74 “1821 / Painted by A. Phillips” Livingston, Columbia Co., N.Y.

Lydia Schureman Sluyter and Rev. Richard Sluyter 76 (protégé and successor of Rev. John Gabriel Gebhard) Claverack, Columbia Co., N.Y.

Jonathan Lane 77 “by Mr. Ammi Phillips of Troy March 30, 1821” Livingston, Columbia Co., N.Y.

Judge James Vanderpoel and Anna Doll Vanderpoel 78 Kinderhook, Columbia Co., N.Y.

Unidentified Woman [759] 79

32


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Circa 1815-22: The Troy Period – Young People

Philip Titus Heartt (b. 1806) 80 labeled “1815 at eight year of age” Troy, Rensselaer Co., N.Y.

Unidentified Boy with dog [766] 81 (canvas possibly reduced)

Unidentified Girl [779] 83 possibly a member of the Thompson family of Rensselaer Co., N.Y.

Jonas Coe Heartt 85 brother of Philip Titus Heartt Troy, Rensselaer Co., N.Y.

Jane Ann Campbell (b. 1817) 82 dau. of Samuel and Sarah Campbell Schodack, Rensselaer Co., N.Y.

Mary Anne Steenback Gale (b. 1806) 84 (unknown locale)

Boy of the Cook Family 86 (uncertain locale) 33

Unidentified Man [656] 87


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Circa 1821-22: The Rhinebeck Period – Fishkill, Dutchess Co., N.Y.

Eliza DuBois 88 Fishkill, Dutchess Co., N.Y.

Hannah Cooper du Bois and Garret du Bois (possibly) parents of Eliza DuBois and Charles Louis du Bois Fishkill, Dutchess Co., N.Y.

Mary Thorn Du Bois and Coert Du Bois 91 Rhinebeck or Fishkill, Dutchess Co., N.Y.

John A. Sleight 93 Fishkill, Dutchess Co., N.Y.

89 and 90

Charles Louis Du Bois 92 Fishkill, Dutchess Co., N.Y.

Ruth Roe Sleight and Abraham Sleight 94 Fishkill, Dutchess Co., N.Y. 34


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Circa 1821-22: The Rhinebeck Period – Red Hook and Pine Plains, Dutchess Co., N.Y.

Mr. Dilbee (likely Isaac Dibble) 95 Pine Plains, Dutchess Co., N.Y.

Tobias Teller and Caroline Sammis Teller Red Hook, Dutchess Co., N.Y.

96

Col. Nathan S. Beckwith and Elizabeth “Betsey” Gale Beckwith 97 with address and names inscribed on letter and book Red Hook, Dutchess Co., N.Y.

Ruth Wolsey Griffin (d. 1825) 98 Fishkill, Dutchess Co., N.Y.

Charlotte H. Newcomb Benedict and Dr. Abijah Gilbert Benedict 99 inscribed "Doct. A G Benedict / Red Hook / Dutchess Cy. N Y" on letter postmarked "NEW YORK / AUG / 23, 1822"

Unidentified Man [588] 100

35


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Circa 1821-22: The Rhinebeck Period – Red Hook and Pine Plains, Dutchess Co., N.Y. and unidentified

Lois Atherton Allerton 101 mother of Dr. Allerton Pine Plains, Dutchess Co., N.Y.

Dr. Cornelius Allerton 102 with horse in background Pine Plains, Dutchess Co., N.Y.

Lois Hamlin and David Hamlin 104 Red Hook, Dutchess Co., N.Y.

Polly Smith Husted 103 mother-in-law of Dr. Allerton Pine Plains, Dutchess Co., N.Y.

Rhoda Bennett Couch 105 Pine Plains, Dutchess Co., N.Y.

Unidentified Woman and Man [702 and 642] 106 with eagle snuffbox and silver-tipped cane

Unidentified Woman [671] 107

36


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Circa 1821-22: The Rhinebeck Period – Lithgow, Dutchess Co., N.Y.

Phoebe Lewis Smith and Judge Isaac Smith 108 holding “The Plough Boy” (published Albany, N.Y., June 1819 – July 1823) Lithgow, Washington Twp., Dutchess Co., N.Y.

37


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Circa 1823: The West Bank Portraits – Greene and Ulster Co., N.Y.

William Schuneman and Elizabeth De Meyer Schuneman 109 Catskill, Greene Co., N.Y.

Clarine Peck Van Bergen (possibly) holding “Henry on Prayer” Coxsackie, Greene Co., N.Y.

111

John Kenyon (possibly) 110 Catskill, Greene Co., N.Y.

Maria Oliver Hardenburgh and Jacobus Hardenburgh (possibly) 112 holding “Life of Christ” and “Portraiture of Methodism” Kingston, Ulster Co., N.Y.

Dr. Abraham Ten Eyck De Witt and Leah Wynkoop De Witt Kingston, Ulster Co., N.Y. 38

113


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Circa 1823: The West Bank Portraits – Ulster and Schoharie Co., N.Y. and unidentified

Maria Van Leuvan Overbagh and Rev. Peter Overbagh 114 Saugerties, Ulster Co., N.Y.

Blandina Margaret Oliver 116 Kingston, Ulster Co., N.Y.

William Cockburn 115 Marbletown, Ulster Co., N.Y.

Rev. Winslow Paige and Clarissa Keyes Paige 117 Broome, Schoharie Co., N.Y.

Unidentified Man and Woman [641 and 701] 118 holding the “Plough Boy” (published 1819-23) and strawberry sprig 39

Rev. Thomas De Witt 119 holding “Horne on the Psalms” Kingston, Ulster Co., N.Y.


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Circa 1823: The West Bank Portraits – Ulster Co., N.Y. and unidentified

Unidentified Man [652] 120 Ten Eyck De Witt 121 holding Milton’s Works , inscribed Kingston, Ulster Co., N.Y. “Ammon Philips [sic] July 20th, 1823 Woodstock [Ulster Co.], New York”

John Ten Eyck 122 Kingston, Ulster Co., N.Y.

Unidentified Man and Woman [636 and 757] 123

Blandina Ten Eyck 124 Hurley, Ulster Co., N.Y.

Eliza Simpson (or Louisa Heyer Jackson) 125 Unidentified Woman and Man of the Van Keuren family 126 (possible misattribution) Kingston, Ulster Co., N.Y. (cf. Anna Seward Swartwout) 40


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Circa 1824: The Southwest Hudson Portraits – Ulster Co., N.Y. and related Dutchess Co., N.Y.

Phillip Hasbrouck and Esther Bevier Hasbrouck 127 holding “Hume / Vol 3” and leaning on “Milton’s Works” New Paltz, Ulster Co., N.Y.

Jane Bevier Deyo 129 (problematic identification) Guilford, Gardiner Twp., Ulster Co., N.Y.

Aaltje Swartwout Sleight 131 (problematic identification) Fishkill, Dutchess Co., N.Y.

Ann De Witt Bevier 128 mother of Esther Bevier Hasbrouck and Hylah Bevier Hasbrouck Accord, Ulster Co., N.Y.

Levi Hasbrouck and Hylah Bevier Hasbrouck New Paltz, Ulster Co., N.Y.

130

Anna Seward Swartwout 132 Unidentified Man [582] 133 holding “Cowper’s Task” Swartwoutville (Fishkill), Dutchess Co., N.Y. 41


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Circa 1824: The Southwest Hudson Portraits – Ulster and Sullivan Co., N.Y.

Jane Hasbrouck (Hasbrouck) 134 or Sarah Maria DuBois (Easton) New Paltz, Ulster Co., N.Y.

Maria Eliza Hasbrouck (Reeve) 135 or Pamela DuBois (Hasbrouck) New Paltz, Ulster Co., N.Y.

Kate Elting 136 New Paltz, Ulster Co., N.Y.

Elizabeth Smith Hunter and David Hunter 137 holding “Speech of His Excellency De Witt Clinton” as published in 1822 Bloomingburg, Sullivan Co., N.Y.

Catharina Van Keuren 138 Kingston, Ulster Co., N.Y.

Ann Eliza Sloan Dorrance and Dr. Benjamin Brewster Dorrance 139 holding “Orfila on Poisons” (translation published 1818) Bloomingburg, Sullivan Co., N.Y.

Unidentified Woman [706] 140

42


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Circa 1824: The Southwest Hudson Portraits – Orange Co., N.Y. and unidentified

Daniel Bull 141 signed “A Phillips” father of Hannah Bull Thompson Crawford Twp., Orange Co., N.Y.

Hannah Bull Thompson and Alexander Thompson II 142, 143 both inscribed “Painted by Ammi Phillips AD 1824” Crawford Twp., Orange Co., N.Y.

Unidentified Woman [686] 144

Robert R. Thompson and Sarah McCurdy Thompson 145 holding letter “Mrs. Sarah Thompson, Crawford” Thompson Ridge (Crawford Twp.), Orange Co., N.Y.

Dr. David R. Arnell (d. 1826) 146 holding “Bell’s Surgery” (pub. 1795-1826) Goshen, Orange Co., N.Y.

Unidentified Man and Woman [584 and 658] 147

43


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Mid-to-Late 1820’s: The Realistic Period – Orange Co., N.Y. and unidentified

“Peleg Pelton aged 67 years / 148 Ammi Phillips – Pinct” [1826] Mount Hope, Orange Co., N.Y.

“James Ketcham Aged 69 / 149 Year 1826 / Ammi Phillips Pinxit” Mount Hope, Orange Co., N.Y.

“Alsop Vail Aged / 65 Years 150 1826 / A. Phillips Pincit" Mount Hope, Orange Co., N.Y.

Unidentified Man [626] 151

Unidentified Man [619] 152

Cicero Hinds 153 (unknown locale)

Unidentified Man 154 [563]

Unidentified Man and Woman [630 and 743] 155 and 156

44


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Mid-to-Late 1820’s: The Realistic Period – Orange Co., N.Y. and unidentified (continued)

Dr. Gabriel Norton Phillips and Elizabeth Payne Phillips Phillipsburg (Wallkill Twp.), Orange Co., N.Y.

157

Letitia Sloane Chapman 158 Wallkill, Orange Co., N.Y.

Pauline Darling Denton and Samuel Denton 159 Middletown (Wallkill Twp.), Orange Co., N.Y.

Rev. Ezra Fiske 160 Goshen, Orange Co., N.Y.

Unidentified Man and Woman, aka Mr. & Mrs. Sheffield 161 (unknown locale)

Katherine Salisbury Newkirk Hickok 162 Catskill, Greene Co., N.Y.

45


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Mid-to-Late 1820’s: The Realistic Period – Orange Co., N.Y. and unidentified (continued)

Unidentified Woman [699] 163 In floral-upholstered wingchair (uncertain attribution)

“Frances [Seybolt] Vail 164 Anne Stoddard Pelton [1826] 165 Aged 69 Years 1826 A. Phillips Pincit” wife of Peleg Pelton [q.v.] Mount Hope, Orange Co., N.Y. Mount Hope, Orange Co., N.Y

Unidentified Woman [727] 166

Unidentified Woman [670]

46

167

Elizabeth Du Bois Bailey 168 sister of Coert Du Bois [q.v.] Fishkill, Dutchess Co., N.Y.


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Mid-to-Late 1820’s: The Realistic Period, Infants in White Dresses – Orange Co., N.Y. and unidentified

Unidentified Child [782] 169

Mary Elizabeth Smith (b. 1827) 170 New Hampton, Orange Co., N.Y.

Unidentified Woman and Child [696] 171

47


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Mid-to-Late 1820’s: The Realistic Period – Dutchess Co., N.Y. and unidentified

Ebenezer Punderson 172 (one of at least three copies) Red Hook, Dutchess Co, N.Y.

Thomas Storm 175 Fishkill, Dutchess Co., N.Y.

Unidentified Man [576] 177

Samuel Deuel 173 father of Mary Margaret Deuel Pine Plains, Dutchess Co., N.Y.

Margaret Platt Bockee 174 sister-in-law of Samuel Deuel Pine Plains, Dutchess Co., N.Y.

Hendrick Hulst and Aletta Van Alst Hulst 176 Fishkill, Dutchess Co., N.Y.

John Van Deusen 178 (uncertain locale) 48

Mrs. Dr. Downe 179 (unknown locale)


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Mid-to-Late 1820’s: The Realistic Period – Greene and Ulster Co., N.Y. and unidentified

James Elting of Leeds 180 Greene Co., N.Y. (possibly)

Dr. Horatio Dewey 181 holding “Anatomy” Leeds, Greene Co., N.Y.

Unidentified Man [604] 183 holding “Cooper’s Surgery”

Unidentified Man [553] 184 possibly the father of child with teething ring and dog [q.v.]

Horace Austin and Mary Ludlow Austin Greene Co., N.Y.

Unidentified Man [564] 182

Unidentified Man [655] 185 with quill and ledger book

Elizabeth Mygans (or Mygatt) 187 Saugerties, Ulster Co., N.Y. (?)

186

49


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Mid-to-Late 1820’s: The Realistic Period – Dutchess and Ulster Co., N.Y. and unidentified

Unidentified Man [627] 188 Holding “Boyer’s Dictionary” (first American edition published 1827)

Unidentified Man and Woman, aka Mr. & Mrs. Warburton 189 holding Dr. Samuel Parr’s “Warburton’s Letters” (a volume from The Works of Samuel Parr, published 1828)

Unidentified Man [632] 190 (companion to woman below right)

Dr. John T. Jansen and Clarissa LeFevre Dolson Jansen Marbletown (near Kingston), Ulster Co., N.Y.

Clarissa Benton Hunt and Joseph Drake Hunt Holding letter dated “December 1828” Rhinebeck, Dutchess Co., N.Y.

191

Unidentified Woman [691] 193 (companion to man above left)

192

50


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Circa 1829: The Realistic Period – Orange Co., N.Y. and unidentified

Col. William Shultz Little and Betsy Ketcham Little 194 Mount Hope, Orange Co., N.Y.

Unidentified Woman [684] 195 (aka Mrs. Andrew Thompson, Crawford, Orange Co., N.Y.)

Unidentified Woman and Man [758 and 579] 196 possibly Frances Smith Strong and Benjamin Strong Goshen, Orange Co., N.Y.

Unidentified Woman [678] 197

Mr. and Mrs. John Lawrence 198 (unknown locale)

Ester Stakley or Betsy Sutherland (uncertain locale) 51

199


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Circa 1829: The Realistic Period – Orange Co., N.Y. and unidentified (continued)

Unidentified Woman [665] 200

Dr. Charles Winfield and Margaret Crawford Winfield (d. 1828) Crawford, Orange Co., N.Y. (cf. Amenia Portraits)

Unidentified Woman [764] 202

Palmer Cook and Mary Halsley Cook 203 holding New-York Enquirer for the Country, dated August 8, 1828 Red Hook, Dutchess Co., N.Y.

Dr. Seth Capron and Eunice Mann Capron 204 holding “Niles’ Weekly Register” (published 1811-36) Walden (Montgomery), Orange Co., N.Y.

201

Unidentified Woman [673] 205

52


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Circa 1829: The Realistic Period – Orange Co., N.Y. and unidentified (continued)

Samuel Callender Howell and Sally Jane Beakes Howell 206 holding “Ramsay’s History, Vol. II” (published 1816-17) and white rose Mount Hope, Orange Co., N.Y.

Col. James N. Smith and Fanny Waterbury Smith 207 holding a piece of fruit, parents of Mary Elizabeth Smith [q.v.] New Hampton, Orange Co., N.Y.

Stacy Beakes, Jr. and Jane (or Mary Smith) Beakes 208 with crystal-tipped cane and holding a pink rose Wallkill, Orange Co., N.Y. 53


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Circa 1829: The Realistic Period – Delaware and Chenango Co., N.Y.

Leonard Newton Allis 209 holding “Revised Statutes of New York, Vol. I” (published 1828) Coventry, Chenango Co., N.Y.

Catherine A. May (Stimson) 211 Delhi, Delaware Co., N.Y.

William Wheeler and Eleanor Knox Wheeler 210 parents of Malina Wheeler Knapp Deposit, Delaware Co., N.Y.

Charles Augustus Marvine 212 Delhi, Delaware Co., N.Y.

54

Malina Wheeler Knapp 213 Deposit, Delaware Co., N.Y.


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Circa 1829: The Amenia Portraits – Amenia, Dutchess Co., N.Y. and vicinity

Mary Christopher Van Doorn Couch and Dr. John Whitfield Couch holding a Laennec stethoscope, inscribed “M.C. Couch 1829 AE 24” and “J.W. Couch 1829 AE 33”, Northeast, Dutchess Co., N.Y.

Philo Reed and Abigail Reynolds Reed 216 “Aged 42, Taken by Phillips 1829” and holding letter dated Feb 19th Amenia, Dutchess Co., N.Y.

Dr. Elmore Everitt, M.D. 218 holding “Studies of Nature, Vol. I” Amenia, Dutchess Co., N.Y.

214

Unidentified Woman [675] 215

Maria Durkee Soggs 217 mother of Mary J. & Henry Soggs Woodstock, Ulster Co., N.Y.

George Greenwood Reynolds and Abigail Penoyer Reynolds 219 “Painted by A. Phillips June 24, 1829”, holding “Intelligencer" dated June 24, 1829. Amenia, Dutchess Co., N.Y. 55


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Circa 1829: The Amenia Portraits – Amenia, Dutchess Co., N.Y. and vicinity (continued)

William (or Robert) Hoag and Phoebe Hoag 220 holding “[The Dutchess] Inteligencer” dated July 10, 1829 Pine Plains, Dutchess Co., N.Y.

Olivia Kimberly Adams 221 mother of Abigail Adams Amenia, Dutchess Co., N.Y.

Tripp Hoag (brother of William Hoag) and Sally Ann Hoag 222 holding “[The Republican Teleg]raph & Observer” dated August 12, 1829 Pine Plains, Dutchess Co., N.Y.

Abigail Adams 223 later Mrs. Milton Hoag Amenia, Dutchess Co., N.Y.

“Isaac Hunting aged Sixty five Years and Ten months, 1829” 225 Stanford, Dutchess Co., N.Y.

Morgan Hunting (son of Isaac Hunting) and Julia Barton Hunting holding letter “Mr. Morgan Hunting / Pine Plains, NY” Pine Plains, Dutchess Co., N.Y. 56

224


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Circa 1829-30: The Amenia Portraits – Amenia, Dutchess Co., N.Y. and vicinity (continued)

“John Garnsey Aged / 61 Years 1830” and “Mercy Garnsey / Aged 59 Years 1830” (inscribed in red on front of canvas) 227 North East, Dutchess Co., N.Y.

Unidentified Woman 226 aka Mrs. Smith of Elmira, N.Y. (unconfirmed locale)

Previously Unidentified Man [606] and Woman [738] 228 aka Charles Francis Hathaway (spurious identification) holding “Holy Bible” (apparent copies, by Phillips, of the above)

Mary Hamilton Ingraham 229 mother of Lucy Hamilton inscribed “M. Ingraham 1829”

Unidentified Man and Woman [613 and 723] 230 holding “Holy Bible”

Lucy Hamilton 231 with same bible behind chair Amenia, Dutchess Co., N.Y. 57


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Circa 1829-30: The Amenia Portraits – Amenia, Dutchess Co., N.Y. and vicinity

Unidentified Woman [761] 232

Unidentified Woman [762] 235

Louisa Park Benjamin 238 Amenia, Dutchess Co., N.Y.

Charles Wesley Powers 233 and Jane Ann Benjamin Powers holding “Morning Courier” dated October 30, 1829 Amenia, Dutchess Co., N.Y.

Mary Powers 236 sister of Charles and Caroline Amenia, Dutchess Co., N.Y.

234

Caroline Powers 237 sister of Charles and Mary Amenia, Dutchess Co., N.Y.

Sherman Bassett and Hannah Sornborger Bassett 239 holding “Niles’ Register” dated April 10, 1830 and letter postmarked April 10 Amenia, Dutchess Co., N.Y. 58


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Circa 1829-30: The Amenia Portraits - Amenia, Dutchess Co., N.Y and vicinity (continued)

Unidentified Man [635] 240

Unidentified Man [554] 241

Dr. Peter B. Guernsey (and patient) 243 and Mary Ann Thorn Guernsey 244 books on shelf include Traver’s Diseases of the Eye (pub. New York, 1825) Town of Milan, Dutchess Co., N.Y.

59

Fanny Brush Rundle 242 New Hartford, Litchfield Co., Conn.

Mrs. Cobb 245 (unknown locale)


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Circa 1832: The Early “Kent Limner” Period – Columbia Co., N.Y. and unidentified

Gen. Samuel Ten Broeck 246 with cane initialed “S.T.B.” Clermont, Columbia Co., N.Y.

Leonard William Ten Broeck and Helen Livingston Ten Broeck son of Gen. Samuel Ten Broeck holding “Albany Argus” dated May 8, 1832 Clermont, Columbia Co., N.Y.

Elizabeth McKinstry Livingston 248 stepmother of Helen Livingston Ten Broeck, Blue Stores (near Clermont), Columbia Co., N.Y.

Judge John Sanders III 249 and Jane Livingston Sanders 250 with “Plutarch, Vol. I” and holding sewing box Clermont, Columbia Co., N.Y.

Unidentified Man [580] 251

Unidentified Woman and Man, aka The Journalist [666 and 593] 252 holding “New-York Enquirer” dated “July 3, 1832.” 60

247


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Circa 1833: The Early “Kent Limner” Period – Dutchess and Ulster Co., N.Y. and unidentified

Welcome Arnold and Mary Rowe Arnold 253 with letter on table dated “Rhinebeck, Feb. 1, 1833” Town of Clinton, Dutchess Co., N.Y.

Unidentified Man [572] 255 holding riding crop

Unidentified Woman [736] 254

William Cantyne De Witt 256 and Elizabeth Hardenbergh De Witt Kingston, Ulster Co., N.Y.

Henry Schenck Teller and Jane [Catherine] Storm Teller 258 with unusual forward-leaning pose and leaf-carved sofa Fishkill, Dutchess Co., N.Y. 61

Unidentified Woman [744] 259

257


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Early-1830’s: The Early “Kent Limner” Period – Greene and Ulster Co., N.Y. and unidentified

Marius Schoonmaker 260 Kingston, Ulster Co., N.Y.

Sarah Ann Palen Northrop and Lewis Northrop Cairo, Greene Co., N.Y.

Sarah Ann Sleight De Witt 262 Kingston, Ulster Co., N.Y. (canvas reduced)

Mrs. Day and Mr. Day (aka Mrs. Bradley and Mr. Bradley) 263 holding “Religious Intelligencer” (published 1816-37)

Unidentified Man and Woman [570 and 712] 264 holding “Albany Argus” (published 1813-56)

261

Mrs. Mayer and Daughter 265 (cf. Children in Red Dresses) 62


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Circa 1834: The Early “Kent Limner” Period – Columbia and Ulster Co., N.Y. and unidentified

Helen [Lena] Ten Broeck 266 inscr. “aged 30 years 1834” Germantown, Columbia Co., N.Y.

William Henry De Witt and Catherine Ten Broeck De Witt sister of Helen [Lena] Ten Broeck Germantown, Columbia Co., N.Y.

Henry Lawrence and Christiana Rockefeller Lawrence 268 labeled “1834 / Aged 29 Years” and “1834 / Aged 28 Years” Germantown, Columbia Co., N.Y.

Jacob Ten Broeck and Anna Benner Ten Broeck 270 holding pamphlet “Agricultural Society of the County of Columbia 1834 Clermont” Clermont, Columbia Co., N.Y. 63

267

Unidentified Woman [683] 269

Jacob Hasbrouck De Witt 271 Kingston, Ulster Co., N.Y.


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Circa 1834: The Early “Kent Limner” Period – Dutchess Co., N.Y. and unidentified

Abraham Patterson 272 holding “Telegraph” dated “July 9, 1834” Fishkill, Dutchess Co., N.Y.

James de Long 273 holding “Washington’s Farewell Address” Beekman, Dutchess Co., N.Y.

Unidentified Man [583] 274

Unidentified Woman and Man [719 and 648] 275 possibly of Dutchess Co., N.Y.

Phoebe E. Preston Haviland 276 Dover, Dutchess Co., N.Y.

Caroline Jane Opie 277 Staatsburg or LaGrangeville Dutchess Co., N.Y.

Margaret Stevens Bentley or Elizabeth Buckley (uncertain locale)

William Stevens 278 (brother of Margaret Stevens Bentley) Pawling, Dutchess Co., N.Y. 64

279


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Early-Mid 1830’s: The Early “Kent Limner” Period – Dutchess Co., N.Y. and unidentified

Unidentified Woman and Man of the Russell family 280 with leaf-carved sofa and unusual backward-leaning pose

James Ketcham and Lois Belding Ketcham 281 Dover Plains, Dutchess Co., N.Y.

Unidentified Man and Woman with strawberries [597 and 721] 282 (heavily in-painted) 65


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Circa 1836: The “Kent Limner” Portraits - Kent, Litchfield Co., Conn.

Rufus Fuller and (2nd wife) Elizabeth Drake Fuller 283 father and stepmother of Julia Ann Fuller Barnum Kent, Litchfield Co., Conn.

Julia Ann Fuller Barnum 284 (companion dated “June 13, 1836”) Kent, Litchfield Co., Conn.

John Milton Raymond and Florilla Mills Raymond holding “Observer” dated “July 4, 1836” Kent, Litchfield Co., N.Y.

Almira Lucretia Mills Adams 286 sister of Florilla Mills Raymond Kent, Litchfield Co., N.Y.

285

Abraham Burton and Celia B. Burton 287 holding letter “Abram Burton / Amenia, New York” Amenia, Dutchess Co., N.Y.

Hannah Mills Raymond (Newcomb) or Myra Ann Mills Raymond (Haxtun) 288 dau. of John and Florilla Mills Raymond 66


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Mid-1830’s The “Kent Limner” Period – Dutchess Co., N.Y. and unidentified

Marquis de Lafayette Phillips and Jane Marie Pells Phillips 289 holding books inscribed “M.D.L.F. Phillips” and “J.M. Phillips” Pleasant Valley, Dutchess Co., N.Y.

“A.E. Allen / Aged 30 / 1836” 290 probably Ann Eliza Frear Allen Poughkeepsie, Dutchess, Co., N.Y.

Unidentified Man [618] 291 holding newspaper “Telegraph” possibly Dutchess Co., N.Y.

Unidentified Man [550] 293 holding pamphlet “Agriculture”

Unidentified Man [567] 294 Holding a pamphlet “Agriculture”

Unidentified Man [591] 292 holding pamphlet “Agriculture”

Unidentified Man and Woman [601 and 694] 295 holding a pamphlet “Agriculture”, and leaning on a large bible 67


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Mid-1830’s: The “Kent Limner” Period – Ulster Co., N.Y. and unidentified

Jeremiah Russell and Elizabeth Moose Russell 296 Saugerties, Ulster, Co., N.Y.

Unidentified Woman [740] 297 aka Mrs. Zachariah Flagler

Captain Isaac Cox with letter and Mrs. Cox with parsley sprig possibly Kingston, Ulster Co., N.Y.

Unidentified Man [615] 300

298

Hannah Masden Radcliffe 299 Kingston, Ulster Co., N.Y.

Unidentified Man and Woman [610 and 714] 301

68


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Mid-1830’s: The “Kent Limner” Period – Litchfield Co., Conn and Westchester Co., N.Y.

Jeanette Payne 302 Warren, Litchfield Co., Conn.

Ann Miller Tompkins 303 Somers, Westchester Co., N.Y.

Unidentified Man and Woman [581 and 680] 305

Mary Hoyt 304 (uncertain locale)

Unidentified Man [602] 306 from Gaylordsville, Litchfield Co., Conn.

Unidentified Man and Woman [640 and 700] 307 holding newspaper “…Eagle” (possibly the “Patriot and Eagle”, published Hartford, Conn., 1835-37) 69

Unidentified Man [628] 308 holding bible


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Mid-1830’s: The “Kent Limner” Period – Dutchess Co., N.Y. and unidentified

Helen Cornell Manney 309 holding book “H. Manney” Poughkeepsie, Dutchess Co., N.Y.

Sarah Rogers 310 or possibly Eveline Cornell Rogers Poughkeepsie, Dutchess Co., N.Y.

Unidentified Woman [659] 311 with pink rose

Unidentified Woman [698] 312

Unidentified Woman [664] 313

Anna Farrington Noxon 314 Poughkeepsie, Dutchess Co, N.Y.

Hoag family member (uncertain locale)

315

Elder Luman Burtch and Esther Patrick Burtch 316 Dated 1837 based on painted notes on frames. Elder Burtch officiated at the marriage of Ammi Phillips to Jane Ann Caulkins in 1830. Bangall, Town of Stanford, Dutchess Co., N.Y. 70


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Mid-1830’s: The “Kent Limner” Period – Dutchess Co., N.Y. and unidentified (continued)

Archibald Campbell 317 holding “Spectator” dated “June 5, 1837” Pawling, Dutchess Co., N.Y.

Catherine De C. Stoutenburgh 318 Hyde Park, Dutchess Co., N.Y.

Unidentified Woman [731] 319

Unidentified Man [577] 320 Unidentified Man and Woman [573 and 763] 321 (three portraits descended in the same family, pairing uncertain)

John Hughes of Hughesville 322 holding New-York American dated “November 6, 1835”, probably Hughsonville, Dutchess Co., N.Y.

Unidentified Man and Woman [571 and 713] 323 from Dover Plains, Dutchess Co., N.Y. holding “Minutes of the Baptist Missionary Convention” 71


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Mid-1830’s: The “Kent Limner” Period – Dutchess and Putnam Co., N.Y. and Litchfield Co., Conn.

Jeanette Elizabeth Woolley 324 Pleasant Valley, Dutchess Co., N.Y.

Unidentified Girl, possibly a Raymond family member 328 (possibly Frances Anne Foster)

Frances Sprague Foster and Judge Ebenezer Foster 325 with letter on table dated “1839” South East, Putnam Co., N.Y.

Augusta Maria Foster (Raymond) 326 South East, Putnam Co., N.Y.

Unidentified Man and Woman [586 and 672] 329

Nancy Hungerford 327 Colebrook, Litchfield Co., Conn.

Unidentified Woman [660] 330

72


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Circa 1838-40: The Late “Kent Limner” Period – Dutchess Co., N.Y. and unidentified

Mr. Doane 331 Dover Plains, Dutchess Co., N.Y.

Mr. and Mrs. Vail from Afton, N.Y. 332 (unconfirmed locale)

Unidentified Man [605] 333 Holding “Wesley’s Sermons”

Unidentified Man and Woman [569 and 688] 334 with “Revised Statutes, Vol. I” and “Common Prayer”

John Guy Vassar, Jr. 335 holding blank letter Poughkeepsie, Dutchess Co., N.Y.

Unidentified Man and Woman [634 and 748] 336

73


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Circa 1838-40: The Late “Kent Limner” Period – Westchester Co., N.Y. and unidentified

Polly Clason Brady 337 (Mrs. Simeon Brady) Lewisboro, Westchester Co., N.Y.

Gerard Crane and Roxanna Purdy Crane inscribed “48 Years Old. 1839” Somers, Westchester Co., N.Y.

George C. Sunderland 339 “Painted Unidentified Man [600] 340 When at the Age of 21 years / By / with dog stick-pin Mr. Ammi Phillips In the fall of 1840” Somers, Westchester Co., N.Y.

Rev. Walter Smith Lyon 342 Bedford, Westchester Co., N.Y.

338

Unidentified Woman [689] 341

Unidentified Man and Woman [578 and 676] 343

74


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Circa 1838-40: The Late “Kent Limner” Period – Litchfield Co., Conn. and unidentified

Unidentified Man [566]

344

Mr. Goodwin 345

Mr. Bates 346 Lime Rock, Litchfield Co., Conn.

75


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Mid-1830’s: The “Kent Limner” Period – Well-suited Boys (shown to relative size)

Jacob Wessel Ten Broeck and William Henry Ten Broeck inscribed with names and “Aged 10 Years 1834” Clermont, Columbia Co., N.Y.

347

Rachel Ann Maria Overbagh Ostrander (holding handkerchief embroidered “R.A.M.O.”) and son Titus Ostrander (b. 1829) 350 Saugerties, Ulster Co., N.Y. 76

John Younie Luyster (b. 1828) 348 LaGrangeville, Dutchess Co., N.Y.

Unidentified Boy 349 possibly Aaron D. Smith (b. 1831) Catskill, Greene Co., N.Y.


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Late 1820’s to late 1830’s: The Children in Red Dresses

Unidentified Boy [769] 351 holding strawberries and mallet

Unidentified Girl [776] 352 fingering necklace and holding strawberry sprig.

Unidentified Child [787] 353 holding teething ring and dog

Unidentified Child [781] 354 aka “Hannah Standish” red shoes, holding strawberries

Unidentified Girl [777] 355 4-strand necklace, black shoes, holding cat, with dog

Unidentified Girl [778] 356 3-strand necklace, black shoes, holding parsley sprig, with dog

Unidentified Girl [786] 357 red shoes, holding flowers and cat

Unidentified Girl [775] 358 2-strand necklace, red shoes, holding strawberries, with dog

Unidentified Girl [783] 359 green shoes, holding parsley sprig and bird, with dog

77


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Late 1820’s to late 1830’s: More Children in Dresses (shown to relative size)

Henry Soggs (b. 1829) and Mary Jane Soggs (b. 1824) 360 with strawberries on patterned floor Woodstock, Ulster Co., N.Y.

Andrew Jackson Ten Broeck 362 with hickory nut and dog inscribed “Aged 1 year & 6 months 1834” Clermont, Columbia Co., N.Y.

Mary Margaret Deuel (b. 1827) 361 with strawberries on patterned floor Pine Plains, Dutchess Co., N.Y.

James Mairs Salisbury (b. 1834) 363 with strawberries and alert dog Catskill Landing, Greene Co., N.Y. (cf. “Hannah Standish”)

78

William Frederic Taber 364 with strawberries and dog Pawling, Dutchess Co., N.Y. (father dated 1838)


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Late 1830’s: The Haxtun Family, Beekman, Dutchess Co., N.Y. (shown to relative size)

William Woolley Haxtun (b. 1829) 365 Beekman, Dutchess Co., N.Y. (cf. Jacob and William H. Ten Broeck, and John Younie Luyster)

Almira Haxtun (1831-1841) 366 Benjamin Haxtun 367 Beekman, Dutchess Co, N.Y. Beekman, Dutchess Co., N.Y. (canvas reduced)

Haxtun kitten with rose 368 (canvas fragment, not to relative size)

79


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Early to Mid-1840’s: The Early Daguerreotype Period – Fishkill, Dutchess Co., N.Y. and unidentified

Joseph White Phillips (b. 1835) 369 Fishkill, Dutchess Co., N.Y.

Elias Phillips and Elizabeth Northrup Phillips parents of Joseph White Phillips Fishkill, Dutchess Co., N.Y.

370

Joseph Bogardus and Barbara Moffet Bogardus 371 holding newspaper “Anti-Bank Democrat” (published 1842-43) Fishkill, Dutchess Co., N.Y.

Harriet Simmons Hasbrouck 372 holding book “H.M. Hasbrook” and inscribed ”Aged 30 1843” Fishkill, Dutchess Co., N.Y.

Elizabeth Phillips Storm, daughter of Elias Phillips [q.v.] by his first wife, and John Curry Storm 374 reading “Life of Clay” (published 1843) Fishkill, Dutchess Co., N.Y. 80

Unidentified Woman [751] 373 inscr. (verso) “January First 1840”


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Early to Mid-1840’s: The Early Daguerreotype Period – Sharon, Litchfield Co., Conn. and unidentified

Unidentified Man [611] 375 with Methodist Hymnal (possible brother of Ira Williams)

Ira Williams and Melissa Calkins Williams 376 co-founder, with brothers, of Sharon Methodist congregation Sharon, Litchfield Co., Conn.

John Cotton Smith (d. 1845) 377 Sharon, Litchfield Co., Conn.

Phoebe Doud Gay and Calvin Gay (d. 1841) 378 and 379 with “Dwight’s Sermons” (published New Haven: 1828) Sharon, Litchfield Co., Conn.

Sarah (Sally) Totten Sutherland 380 Amenia, Dutchess Co., N.Y. (one of four copies)

Unidentified Woman [703] 381 aka “Quaker Woman” 81

Unidentified Woman [722] 382 holding “Religion of the Heart and Life” (pub. Hartford: 1840)


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Mid 1840’s: The Daguerreotype Period – Dutchess Co., N.Y. and unidentified

Unidentified Man and Woman 383 inscribed “Dr. J. Ransom, DD, Poughkeepsie” and holding herb sprig presumably Dutchess Co., N.Y.

Unidentified Woman [730] 384

Unidentified Man and Woman [639 and 697] 385 holding newspaper “Christian Advocate” dated October 24, 1845

Unidentified Woman [739] 386

Unidentified Man [562] 387 with spectacles and “Holy Bible”

Tunis Cooper and Maria Myers Cooper 388 Fishkill, Dutchess Co., N.Y. 82


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Mid 1840’s: Early Daguerreotype Period – Dutchess Co., N.Y.

Catherine Collins Flagler (d. 1853) 389 (Mrs. Zachariah Flagler) Beekman, Dutchess Co., N.Y.

Deacon Benjamin Benedict 391 with tinted spectacles and bible North East, Dutchess Co., N.Y.

“Rachel Divine. Aged 60. 1846.” 393 highlighting Psalm XXXVII Pleasant Valley, Dutchess Co., N.Y.

Mr. and Mrs. Keese390, with music book and holding bible (possibly John Mumford Keese and Cornelia Hoffman Keese Pleasant Valley, Dutchess Co., N.Y.)

Col. Henry Rundall and Nancy Totten Sutherland Rundall inscribed “Nancy T. Rundall Aged 44 1847” (not 1841) Amenia, Dutchess Co., N.Y.

392

Charles Brown and Elizabeth Marshall Brown 394 holding newspaper “Telegraph” dated August 13, 1845 Salt Point, Dutchess Co., N.Y. 83


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Mid to Late 1840’s: Early Daguerreotype Period – Litchfield Co., Conn. and unidentified

Rebecca Beebe Rockwell 395 Colebrook, Litchfield Co., Conn.

Judge Miles Tobey Granger and Caroline S. Ferguson Granger 396 holding "Statutes of Connecticut" Canaan, Litchfield Co., Conn.

Theron Bronson and Maria Rachel Bronson 397 Winchester, Litchfield Co., N.Y. (cf. Maria Rachel Bronson and Wilbur Bronson)

Unidentified Man [637]

399

Margaret Phelps Higley (d. 1850) 398 Falls Village, Litchfield Co., Conn.

Milo Achilles Bartholomew and Millia Holbrook Bartholomew 400 holding “The Cultivator” dated October 5, 1850, and holding an unfolded envelope with four locks of hair. Goshen, Litchfield Co., Conn. 84


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Circa 1850: The Daguerreotype Period – Litchfield Co., Conn. and unidentified

William Miles 401 Goshen or Salisbury, Litchfield Co., Conn.

Unidentified Man 403 likely a Miles family member Litchfield Co., Conn.

Augustus Miles and Roxa Norton Miles 402 holding newspaper “Tribune” dated “June 24, 1850” Goshen, Litchfield, Conn.

Dr. Ovid Plumb and Abiah Lawrence Plumb 404 with pear blossoms, brass microscope, and “Gray’s Bottany” [sic] Salisbury, Litchfield, Conn.

Unidentified Man and Woman [559 and 667] 405

Unidentified Woman [693] 406

85


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Circa 1850: The Daguerreotype Period – Litchfield, Conn., Co. and unidentified (continued)

George Beckwith and dog 407 son of Col. Nathan S. Beckwith and Elizabeth Gale Beckwith [q.v.] Pine Plains, Dutchess Co., N.Y.

Unidentified Man [590] 408 with book “History”

Unidentified Woman [726] 409

Unidentified Man [649] 410 holding a glove

Leonard Richardson 411 Lime Rock, Litchfield Co., Conn.

Unidentified Man [555] 412

Asa Beckwith 413 with book “History”

Unidentified Man [565] 414

Unidentified Man [608] 415 with “Holy Bible”

86


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Circa 1850: The Daguerreotype Period – Litchfield Co., Conn. and unidentified (continued)

Thomas Parker 416 possibly Dutchess Co., N.Y.

Unidentified Man [592] 417 holding Whiston’s “Complete Works of Flavius Josephus” (1851 ed.)

Unidentified Man [574] 418 holding newspaper “Flag” from a Sheffield, Mass. family

Henry E. Hotchkiss 419 brother of Lucia E. Hotchkiss Torrington, Litchfield Co., Conn.

Lucia E. Hotchkiss (b. 1835) 420 sister of Henry Hotchkiss Torrington, Litchfield Co., Conn.

Electa Susannah Hotchkiss 421 mother of Henry and Lucia Torrington, Litchfield Co., Conn.

Henry C. Langdon 422 with “History of Western Mass.” (published 1855) Monterey, Berkshire Co., Mass.

Mr. and Mrs. Seymour of Connecticut 423 holding newspaper “Tribune” dated August 27, 1850 87


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Circa 1850: The Daguerreotype Period – Litchfield Co., Conn. and unidentified (continued)

Sarah J. Kinney 424 daughter of Nisus and Sarah W. Kinney Colebrook, Litchfield Co., Conn.

Nisus Kinney 425 and Sarah Wakefield Kinney 426 cousin of Ammi Phillips holding “Hartford Times” dated June 24, 1848 Colebrook, Litchfield Co., Conn.

(possibly) Sen. John Henry Hubbard and Julia Hubbard holding newspaper “Hartford” dated April 21, 1849 Salisbury, Litchfield Co., Conn.

Unidentified Woman [724] 429 holding thistle

427

Lucius Culver 428 son-in-law of Nisus Kinney, married in 1851 at the home of Ammi Phillips

Theron Daniel Ludington and Eleanor Bailey Ludington 430 Goshen, Litchfield Co., Conn. 88


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Circa 1848-53: The Litchfield Children and related portraits in Paisley shawls

Virginia Ludington (b. 1846) and Theron Simpson Ludington (b. 1850) Goshen, Litchfield Co., Conn.

Maria Rachel Bronson and Wilbur Bronson (b. 1848) 436 . Winchester, Litchfield Co., Conn.

433

Jane E. Kinney 431 sister of Susan W. Kinney Colebrook, Litchfield Co., Conn.

Unidentified Children [773] 434 and their cat

Milo Barnum Richardson (b. 1849) and Lucy Anne Barnum Richardson Lime Rock, Litchfield Co., Mass. 89

437

Susan W. Kinney (b. 1842) 432 Colebrook, Litchfield Co., Conn. (canvas reduced)

Unidentified Woman [692]

435

Emily Miner Palmer Fox 438 Goshen, Litchfield Co., Conn.


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Circa 1848-53: The Litchfield Children (continued)

Edward Hiram Bronson (b. 1842) and Henry Theron Bronson (b. 1845) 439 sons of Theron Bronson and Maria Rachel Bronson [q.v] holding “Picture Multiplier” (published 1843-47) Winchester, Litchfield Co., Conn.

90


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Circa 1850’s: The Daguerreotype Period – Berkshire Co., Mass. and unidentified

Unidentified Man and Woman 440 holding book on agriculture Possibly Hiram Bartholomew and Betsy Barnum Bartholomew of Sheffield, Berkshire Co., Mass.

Nathan Gaylord Benjamin 441 holding “Henry’s Commentary” Egremont, Berkshire Co., Mass.

Unidentified Man and Woman [589 and 668]

Unidentified Woman [657] 443

Mr. and Mrs. James Reed (unknown locale)

442

Unidentified Woman [756] 445

444

91


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Circa 1850’s: The Daguerreotype Period – Berkshire Co., Mass. (continued)

Thomas Williams Barnes and Zilpha Arnold Barnes 446 holding newspaper “New York” dated “July 3, 1857” and white flower, with “Mysteries of BeeKeeping Explained” (pub. 1853), West Stockbridge, Berkshire Co., Mass.

Rev. Caleb Hyde 448 South Egremont, Berkshire Co., Mass.

Thomas Carter 450 father of Edward Church Carter Stockbridge, Berkshire Co., Mass.

Edward Church Carter 447 uncle of the three Carter children Stockbridge, Berkshire Co., Mass.

Perry Green Comstock and Elizabeth M. Ball Comstock 449 holding newspaper “Argus” dated “July 30, 1857” West Stockbridge, Berkshire Co., Mass.

Ethan Allen Van Deusen and Clymena Tobey Van Deusen 451 holding newspaper “New York” dated “August 17, 1857” West Stockbridge, Berkshire Co., N.Y. 92


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Circa 1850’s: The Daguerreotype Period – Berkshire Co., Mass. and unidentified (continued)

Elisha Barnes 452 father of Thomas Williams Barnes [q.v.] West Stockbridge, Berkshire Co., Mass.

Dr. Clarkson T. Collins and Lydia Coffin Collins 453 with “Wood’s Practice of Medicine” (published 1847-67) Sheffield, Berkshire Co., Mass. [cf. Henry C. Langdon]

Dr. Joseph Priestly Dorr 454 Hillsdale, Columbia Co., N.Y. (3 miles from Berkshire Co., Mass.)

Henry Sisson and Lucy Amanda Howe Sisson New Marlborough, Berkshire Co., Mass.

455

Unidentified Woman [765] 456 Unidentified Woman [750] 457 Unidentified Woman [669] 458 with mourning ribbons with mourning ribbons with mourning ribbons (three women suggested by B. Holdridge (1968) as being likely sisters and probably from Berkshire, Co., Mass.) 93


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Circa 1850’s: The Daguerreotype Period – Berkshire Co., Mass and unidentified (continued)

Ebenezer Chadwick 459 New Marlborough or Great Barrington, Berkshire Co., Mass.

Unidentified Man [560] 460 holding Winslow’s Merchant’s and Mechanic’s Guide (pub. 1851-55)

Unidentified Man [551] 461 with “Watson’s Practice of Medicine” found in Berkshire Co., Mass.

Unidentified Man [624] 462 holding newspaper “Spectator” dated March 19, 1855

Unidentified Man [651] 463 with book “History”

Henry Sedgwick 464 Berkshire Co., Mass.

Mr. Cooper 465 with book “History of the U.S.” (unknown locale)

Lorin Smith and Eliza Smith 466 New Marlborough, Berkshire Co., Mass. 94


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Circa 1860: The Late Period – Stockbridge, Mass. vicinity (shown to relative size)

Anna Electa Carter (b. 1845), Mary Adele Carter (b.1856) and John Calvin Calhoun Carter (b. 1846) 467 recorded as painted 1860 in Stockbridge, Berkshire Co., Mass.

Sarah King Dewey and Harriet Maria Dewey (b. 1859) 468 New Lenox, Berkshire Co., Mass.

Unidentified Girl 469 aka “Mary O’Connel”, probably Pittsfield, Berkshire Co., Mass. vicinity

Unidentified Boy [784] 470 with bell, peach and mallet

Edward Harmon Langdon 471 painted posthumously (d. 1855) Monterey, Berkshire Co., Mass.

Duane Bailey Dewey (b. 1858) 472 New Lenox, Berkshire Co., Mass.

Florence Maria Carter 473 (b. 1859) Stockbridge, Berkshire Co., Mass. 95

Unidentified Boy [772] 474 with mallet


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Circa 1860: The Late Period (continued) – shown to relative size

Unidentified Woman and Boy [704] 475 with long curls

Unidentified Boy [770] 478 with long curls, hat and large dog

Unidentified Woman [711] (canvas reduced) 477

Unidentified Child [780] 479 in blue dress, with large dog aka Portrait of “Libbie”

96

Unidentified Boy [785] 476 with dog

Unidentified Boy [768] 480 with long curls, hat and dog


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Circa 1860’s: The Late Period – Berkshire Co., Mass. and Dutchess Co., N.Y.

Unidentified Woman [725] 481

Julia Anna Stone Morehouse Amenia, Dutchess Co., N.Y.

482

Unidentified Woman [752] 483 (canvas reduced)

Mrs. Lyman 484 West Stockbridge Berkshire Co., Mass.

Unidentified Man [623] 485 newspaper “Agriculture” on table dated November 30, 1860

Unidentified Woman [687] 486

Anna Benedict Smith and Enos Smith 487, 488 daughter-in-law and son of Gideon Smith [q.v.] painted 50 years earlier Stockbridge, Berkshire Co., Mass. 97

Elizabeth Harris Husted 489 “Taken by A. Phillips / June 20th 1862” niece of Polly Smith Husted [q.v.] Pine Plains, Dutchess Co., N.Y.


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Addenda - Contemporary Hudson Valley Portraiture

Ver Plank Overbagh 490 (probably Greene Co., N.Y.) with drape, patterned floor covering, and dog at feet attributed to John Vanderlyn II (1805-1876) (cf. Kent Period children with dogs)

Louisa Crane Meads 491 Albany, N.Y. by Ezra Ames, circa 1816 (cf. Troy Period women with shawls)

Ann Dunkin and Dunkin Henry Van Rensselaer Albany, N.Y. by Bass Otis, 1818 (cf. mid-to-late 1820’s infants in white dresses)

William Cockburn 493 Kingston. N.Y. attributed to John Vanderlyn (1775-1852) (cf. Phillips’ portrait of William Cockburn)

492

98


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2

Table 2 - Portraits Signed or Recorded as by Phillips CHS 1965 Gideon Smith, 1811, Stockbridge, Berkshire, Mass. Chloe Allis Judson, 1811, Sheffield, Berkshire, Mass. Pluma Amelia Barstow, 1811, Great Barrington, Berkshire, Mass. Charles Rollin Barstow, 1811, Great Barrington, Berkshire, Mass. John Haynes, 1814, Hoosick, Rensselaer, N.Y. Phebe Haynes, 1814, Hoosick, Rensselaer, N.Y. James Van Schoonhoven, 1819, Troy, Rensselaer, N.Y. Anna Maria Carver Gebhard, 1820, Claverack, Columbia, N.Y. Rev. John Gabriel Gebhard, 1820, Claverack, Columbia, N.Y. Dr. John McClellan, 1821, Livingston or Clermont, Columbia, N.Y. Jonathan Lane, 1821, Livingston, Columbia, N.Y. Gentleman Holding a Copy of Milton's Works, 1823, unknown Alexander Thompson II, 1824, Crawford Twp., Orange, N.Y. Hannah Bull Thompson, 1824, Crawford Twp., Orange, N.Y. Daniel Bull, 1824, Crawford Twp., Orange, N.Y. Katherine Miller Thompson Bull, 1824, Crawford Twp., Orange, N.Y. James Ketcham, 1826, Cornwall, Dutchess, N.Y. Anne Stoddard Pelton, 1826, Amenia, Dutchess, N.Y., probably Peleg Pelton, 1826, Amenia, Dutchess, N.Y., probably Alsop Vail, 1826, Mount Hope, Orange, N.Y. Frances Seybolt Vail, 1826, Mount Hope, Orange, N.Y. Philo Reed, 1829, Amenia, Dutchess, N.Y. Abigail Reynolds Reed, 1829, Amenia, Dutchess, N.Y. Abigail Penoyer Reynolds, 1829, Amenia, Dutchess, N.Y. George Greenwood Reynolds, 1829, Amenia, Dutchess, N.Y. Catherine Ten Broeck de Witt, 1834, Germantown, Columbia, N.Y. Leonard William Ten Broeck, 1832, Clermont, Columbia, N.Y. William Henry de Witt, 1834, Germantown, Columbia, N.Y. Anna Benner Ten Broeck, 1834, Clermont, Columbia, N.Y. Helen Livingston Ten Broeck, 1834, Clermont, Columbia, N.Y. Jacob Ten Broeck, 1834, Clermont, Columbia, N.Y. Lena Helen Ten Broeck, 1834, Clermont, Columbia, N.Y. George C. Sunderland, 1840, Somers, Westchester, N.Y. William H. Stewart, 1862, Berkshire, Mass., probably Elizabeth Harris Husted, 1862, Pine Plains, Dutchess, N.Y.

Key:

H&H 1968 ■ ■

H&F 1994 ■

■ ■ ■

■ ■

■ ■

■ ■ ■

■ ■

■ ■

DRA 2019 ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■

catalog with photo catalog only unknown at time

99


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Photo Credits Gideon Smith: Hollander (1994), see bibliography Chloe Allis Judson: Historic Deerfield, 2005.1 3 Charles Rollin Barstow and Pluma Amelia Barstow: Heslip (1990), see bibliography 4 Unidentified Boy: Chrysler Art Museum, 76.53.16 5 Patience Bolles Stoddard and Ashbel Stoddard: Stair Galleries, 2012 6 Unidentified Man: Cottone Auctions, 2015.599 7 Unidentified Woman (aka Mrs. Jenkins of Albany): Sotheby’s, 7591.119 8 Mr. and Mrs. Hardy: Sotheby’s, 1992.47 9 Unidentified Woman and Man: Corcoran Gallery of Art, 1969.33.2 and 1969.33.1 10 Mr. and Mrs. Folsom: Christie’s, 5148.260 11 Dr. Nicholas Brown Harris: private collection 12 Joseph Heath and Mabel Rising Heath: Washington County Historian’s Office, Fort Edward, N.Y. 13 Harriet Betts Hall and Dr. Philander Hall: Northeast Auctions (11/1993), 677 14 Unidentified Man: private collection 15 Sara Cornwall Everest and Dr. Isaac Everest: private collection 16 Mrs. Goodrich & child: Berkshire Museum, 37.63 17 Mr. Goodrich: The Art Museum, Princeton University, y1958-65 18 Unidentified Woman: Christie’s, 2468.54 19 Unidentified Man: Skinner, Inc., 3278M.525 20 Polsapianna Bull Dorr, Esther Maria Dorr and Dr. Russell Dorr: Abby Aldrich Rockefeller Folk Art Museum, 58.100.15 and 58.100.16 21 Paulina Dorr: Abby Aldrich Rockefeller Folk Art Museum, 79.100.7 22 Henrietta Dorr: The Art Museum, Princeton University, y1958-66 23 Catherine Van Slyck Dorr: Hollander (2009), see bibliography [private collection] 24 Joseph Priestly Dorr: Abby Aldrich Rockefeller Folk Art Museum, 79.100.8 25 Robert Lottridge Dorr: Abby Aldrich Rockefeller Folk Art Museum, 58.100.8 26 Russell Griffin Dorr: Abby Aldrich Rockefeller Folk Art Museum, R58.100.25 27 John Haynes: Hirschl & Adler Galleries 28 Phebe Haynes: Hirschl & Adler Galleries 29 Rebecca Rouse Eddy and Jonathan Eddy: private collection 30 Wilbur Sherman and Sarah Stearns Sherman & daughter: Yale University Art Gallery, 2008.198.1 and 2008.198.2 31 Caleb Sherman: Yale University Art Gallery, 2008.198.3 32 Mrs. Crane and Dr. Crane: Newark Museum, 2001.69.2 and 2001.69.1 33 Alsa Sherman Slade and Joseph Slade: National Gallery of Art, 1955.5.53 and 1955.5.52 34 Milton Dorr: Antiques & Fine Art [Katcher Collection] 35 Mary Eddy Spicer and Cyrus Spicer: Christie’s, 9052.320 36 Milton Dorr: Tinker Swiss Cottage Museum, Rockford, Ill. 37 Sarah Bull Dorr and Col. Joseph Dorr: Historic New England, 1992.168 and 1992.167 38 Sarah Bull Dorr or Amy Chase Bull: Tinker Swiss Cottage Museum, Rockford, Ill. 39 Johan Georg Fake, Jr. and Catherine Sneider Fake: Antiques, 2004 [Hirschl & Adler] 40 Unidentified Man and Woman: private collection 41 Philip Slade: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 64.309.3 42 Unidentified Woman (possibly Mrs. Phillip Slade): Sotheby’s, 7521.38 43 Napoleon Bonaparte Buell: Copake Auction, 2007.1.1.110 44 M.A. Barker: Washburn Gallery (Antiques, December 1978) 45 Harriet Campbell: Clark Art Institute, 1991.8 46 Harriet Leavens: Fogg Art Museum, Harvard University, 1945.27 47 Mary Elizabeth Gale: Art News (April 1976), see bibliography 48 Frederick Gale: private collection 49 Jerusha Rogers: Northeast Auctions (8/2014), 299 50 Nancy Caldwell Robinson and Gen. David Robinson: Sotheby’s, 4911M.12 51 Rev. Jonas Coe: Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, 1997.195 52 Sally Morgan Walbridge: Christie’s, 1129.144 53 James Van Schoonhoven: Sotheby’s, 5736.283 54 Jane Daney Smith: Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, 1983.164 55 Unidentified Man: Christie’s, 1959.727 56 Ruth Haynes Palmer: Brownstein and Terkowitz (2007), see bibliography [Sotheby’s] 57 Nancy Smith Lamphear: Hollander (1994), see bibliography 58 Unidentified Woman: Sotheby’s, N09805.983 59 Rhoda Goodrich Bentley and Louisa H. Bentley: Sotheby’s, N09805.877 60 William Northrup Bentley: private collection 1 2

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Betsy Brownell Gilbert: The Huntington Library, L2015.41.163. Harriet Hill: private collection [HPF] 63 Catherine Couenhoven Clark: The Clark Art Institute (2017) 64 Unidentified Woman and Man: Sotheby’s, 6957.1643 65 Unidentified Woman (aka Jane A. Fort Van Rensselaer): Abby Aldrich Rockefeller Art Museum, 58.100.36 66 Samuel Robert Campbell and Sarah Mynderse Campbell: private collection 67 Unidentified Man: Shelburne Museum, 1955-512.3 68 Unidentified Woman: Christie’s, 13791.633 69 Blithia Soulkard Haskell and John Haskell: Hirschl & Adler Gallery 70 Gertrude Snyder Harder and William G. Harder: Abby Aldrich Rockefeller Folk Art Museum, 58.100.29 and 58.100.28 71 George Edward Selby: Joan R. Brownstein 72 Catherine Douw Hoffman Philip and Col. Henry G. Philip: Connecticut Historical Society (1965), see bibliography 73 Dr. Thomas Broadhead: R.H. Blackburn & Assoc., Kinderhook, N.Y. 74 Dr. John A. McClellan: Northeast Auctions, 2015.833 75 Rev. John Gabriel Gebhard and Anna Maria Magdalene Carver Gebhard: Elizabeth L. Gebhard (1910), see bibliography 76 Lydia Schureman Sluyter and Rev. Richard Sluyter: Northeast Auctions, 1989.654 77 Jonathan Lane: Northeast Auctions, 2015.659 78 Judge James Vanderpoel and Anna Doll Vanderpoel: Albany Institute of History and Art, 1958.30.1 and 1958.30.2 79 Unidentified Woman: Tillou (1973), illus. 36, see bibliography 80 Philip Titus Heartt: Olde Hope Antiques 81 Unidentified Boy: Steve Miller, New York, N.Y. (1981) 82 Jane Ann Campbell: private collection 83 Unidentified Girl: Amon Carter Museum, 1967.199 84 Mary Anne Steenback Gale: Antiques & Fine Art (2006) 85 Jonas Coe Heartt: Clars Auction Gallery, 2016.2211 86 Boy of the Cook Family: private collection 87 Unidentified Man: Sotheby’s, N08665.49 88 Eliza DuBois: Brownstein and Terkowitz (2007), see bibliography [Samuel Herrup Antiques] 89 Hannah Cooper du Bois: The American Museum in Britain 90 Garret du Bois: Pook & Pook, 2006.44 91 Mary Thorn Du Bois and Coert Du Bois: Sotheby’s, N08728.462 92 Charles Louis du Bois: Peter Tillou (Antiques, January 1976) 93 John A. Sleight: Frick Art Reference Library 94 Ruth Roe Sleight and Abraham Sleight: Currier Museum of Art, 1982.27.2 and 1982.27.1 95 Mr. Dilbee (likely Isaac Dibble): Christie’s, 2095.546 96 Tobias Teller and Caroline Sammis Teller: Copake Auction, 2007.1.1.100 97 Col. Nathan S. Beckwith and Elizabeth “Betsey” Gale Beckwith: Brooklyn Museum of Art, 79.133.2 and 79.133.1 98 Ruth Wolsey Griffin: Frick Art Reference Library, 53222 [Thurman Rotan] 99 Charlotte H. Newcomb Benedict and Dr. Abijah Gilbert Benedict, Springfield Museum of Art, 2000.020 and 2000.019 100 Unidentified Man: Skinner, Inc., 2669.90 101 Lois Atherton Allerton: Art Institute of Chicago, 1946.395 102 Dr. Cornelius Allerton: Art Institute of Chicago, 1946.394 103 Polly Smith Husted: Sotheby’s, N07095.759 104 Lois Hamlin and David Hamlin: Bonhams & Butterfields 105 Rhoda Bennett Couch: Skinner, Inc., 2509.833 106 Unidentified Woman and Man: Sotheby’s, N08053.922 107 Unidentified Woman: Christie’s, 8238.29 108 Phoebe Lewis Smith and Judge Isaac Smith: Christie’s, 1247.90 109 William Schuneman and Elizabeth De Meyer Schuneman: Christie’s, 2200.49 110 John Kenyon (possibly): Northeast Auctions, 2007.661 111 Clarine Peck Van Bergen (possibly): Albany Institute of History and Art 112 Maria Oliver Hardenburgh and Jacobus Hardenburgh: Christie’s, 7000.429 113 Dr. Abraham Ten Eyck De Witt and Leah Wynkoop De Witt: Historic Huguenot Street 114 Maria Van Leuvan Overbagh and Rev. Peter Overbagh: Antiques (March 1987) 115 William Cockburn: Frick Art Reference Library, 16721 [Pennington Studio, Kingston, N.Y.] 116 Blandina Margaret Oliver: Frick Art Reference Library 117 Rev. Winslow Paige and Clarissa Keyes Paige: Frick Art Reference Library 118 Unidentified Man and Woman: Robert C. Eldred & Co., 2018.1035 119 Rev. Thomas De Witt: Frick Art Reference Library 120 Unidentified Man: University of Michigan Museum of Art, 2002/1.99 121 Ten Eyck De Witt: Frick Art Reference Library 122 John Ten Eyck: Frick Art Reference Library 61 62

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Unidentified Man and Woman: Northeast Auctions, 2009.429 Blandina Ten Eyck: Hollander (1994), see bibliography 125 Eliza Simpson: Christie’s, 8238.23 126 Unidentified Man and Woman of the Van Keuren family: The Huntington, 2016.25.107 and 2016.25.106 127 Phillip Hasbrouck and Esther Bevier Hasbrouck: Historic Huguenot Street/ Locust Lawn Estate [David Stansbury] 128 Ann de Witt Bevier: Historic Huguenot Street 129 Jane Bevier Deyo: Doyle New York (2015), 8 [Sotheby Parke Bernet, 4316.859] 130 Levi Hasbrouck and Hylah Bevier Hasbrouck: Historic Huguenot Street / Locust Lawn Estate [David Stansbury] 131 Aaltje Swartwout Sleight: Holdridge (1968), see bibliography 132 Anna Seward Swartwout: Yost Conservation LLC, Oxford, Conn. (2018) 133 Unidentified Man: Christie’s, 2533.258 134 Jane Hasbrouck (Hasbrouck) or Sarah Maria DuBois (Easton): Historic Huguenot Street 135 Maria Eliza Hasbrouck (Reeve) or Pamela DuBois (Hasbrouck): Brownstein and Terkowitz (2007), see bibliography [Michael Gold] 136 Kate Elting: Brownstein and Terkowitz (2007), see bibliography [Thomas Eaton] 137 Elizabeth Smith Hunter and David Hunter: Hirschl & Adler Galleries 138 Catharina Van Keuren: Minneapolis Institute of Arts, 2009 exhibit catalog 139 Ann Eliza Sloan Dorrance and Dr. Benjamin Brewster Dorrance: Sotheby’s, 5429.473 140 Unidentified Woman: David Wheatcroft [David Stansbury] 141 Daniel Bull: Sotheby’s, 7521.30 142 Hannah Bull Thompson: The Huntington Library, 83.8.38 143 Alexander Thompson II: Cheekwood Botanical Garden & Museum of Art, 86.16.12 144 Unidentified Woman: Metropolitan Museum of Art, L1992.16.3 145 Robert R. Thompson and Sarah McCurdy Thompson: Christie’s, 7294.66 146 Dr. David R. Arnell: Stair Galleries, 2014.565 147 Unidentified Man and Woman: Sotheby’s, 6866.574 148 Peleg Pelton: New York Historical Society, 1984.70 149 James Ketcham: Cordier Antiques & Fine Art (5/2008) 150 Alsop Vail: Christie’s, 8238.17 151 Unidentified Man: Sotheby’s, 5680.1562 152 Unidentified Man: Christie’s, 2095.630 153 Cicero Hinds: Sotheby’s (5/2005), 120 154 Unidentified Man: Sotheby Parke Bernet, Inc., 3978.8 155 Unidentified Man: Holdridge (1968), see bibliography, 109 156 Unidentified Woman: Holdridge (1968), see bibliography, 110 157 Dr. Gabriel Norton Phillips and Elizabeth Payne Phillips: Catalog of American Portraits (private collection) 158 Letitia Sloane Chapman: Brownstein and Terkowitz (2007), see bibliography [Marguerite Riordan] 159 Pauline Darling Denton and Samuel Denton: private collection 160 Rev. Ezra Fiske: Cordier Auctions (5/2008) 161 Unidentified Man and Woman: Sotheby Parke Bernet, Inc., 3572.28 162 Katherine Salisbury Newkirk Hickok: Florence Griswold Museum, 2002.1.103 163 Unidentified Woman: Davis Museum and Cultural Center, Wellesley College, 2007.70 164 Frances Seybolt Vail: Christie’s, 8238.17 165 Anne Stoddard Pelton: New York Historical Association [Annual Report, 1983-1984] 166 Unidentified Woman: Christie’s, 8238.28 167 Unidentified Woman: Galerie St. Etienne 168 Elizabeth Du Bois Bailey, Skinner, Inc., 3278M.756 169 Unidentified Child: National Gallery of Art, 1953.5.59 170 Mary Elizabeth Smith: Terra Foundation for American Art, 1992.56 171 Unidentified Woman and Child: New York State Historical Association, N-267-61 172 Ebenezer Punderson: Christie's, 9468.24 173 Samuel Deuel: Neal Auction (11/2009), 14 174 Margaret Platt Bockee: Butterscotch Auction Gallery (2018) 175 Thomas Storm: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1980.360.1 176 Hendrick Hulst and Aletta Van Alst Hulst: Albany Institute of History and Art, 1971.24.1 and 1971.24.2 177 Unidentified Man: Sotheby’s, 5551.1103 178 John Van Deusen, Senate House Historic Site, Kingston, N.Y. (Antiques, Sep 1982) 179 Mrs. Dr. Downe: American Museum of Folk Art, 1999.11.12 [Adam Reich] 180 James Elting: Carlsen Gallery (6/2011), 131 181 Dr. Horatio Dewey, Senate House Historic Site, Kingston, N.Y. (Antiques, Sep 1982) 182 Unidentified Man: Sotheby’s, 5429.486 183 Unidentified Man: Abby Aldrich Rockefeller Folk Art Museum, 58.100.42 123 124

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Unidentified Man: Sotheby’s, N07905.765 Unidentified Man: Allen Memorial Art Museum, Oberlin College, 2009.12 186 Horace Austin and Mary Ludlow Austin: Antiques, May 1979 (George E. Schoellkopf) 187 Elizabeth Mygans: Antiques & Fine Art (2010) 188 Unidentified Man: Doyle New York (2015), 10 189 Unidentified Man and Woman (aka Mr. and Mrs. Warburton): Philadelphia Museum of Art, 73-258-1 and 73-258-2 190 Unidentified Man: private collection 191 Dr. John T. Jansen and Clarissa LeFevre Dolson Jansen: Sotheby’s, 4999.190 192 Clarissa Benton Hunt and Joseph Drake Hunt: Wilderstein Preservation, Rhinebeck, N.Y. 193 Unidentified Woman: Frick Art Reference Library 194 Col. William Shultz Little and Betsy Ketcham Little: Newark Museum of Art, 84.564 195 Mrs. Andrew Thompson: Hudson River Valley Institute 196 Unidentified Woman and Man: Godel & Co. 197 Unidentified Woman: National Gallery of Art, 1959.11.9 198 Mr. & Mrs. John Lawrence: Spencer Museum of Art, University of Kansas, 0000.0202 and 0000.0201 199 Ester Stakley or Betsy Sutherland: Kuehnert’s Auction Gallery (2007), 1014 200 Unidentified Woman: Sotheby’s, 5551.1038 201 Dr. Charles Winfield and Margaret Crawford Winfield: Sotheby’s, 6483.29 202 Unidentified Woman: Christie’s, 6220.435 203 Palmer Cook and Mary Halsley Cook: Concept Art Gallery, Pittsburgh, Pa. 204 Dr. Seth Capron and Eunice Mann Capron: Catalog of American Portraits (private collection) 205 Unidentified Woman: Sotheby’s, 5680.1605 206 Samuel Callender Howell and Sally Jane Beakes Howell: Sotheby’s, 6075.101 207 Col. James N. Smith and Fanny Waterbury Smith: William Doyle Galleries (1982) 208 Stacy Beakes, Jr. and Jane (or Mary Smith) Beakes: Historical Society of Middletown and Wallkill Pct. [author photos] 209 Leonard Allis: Sotheby’s, 7253.275 210 William Wheeler and Eleanor Knox Wheeler: private collection 211 Catherine A. May (Stimson): National Gallery of Art, 1978.80.16 212 Charles Augustus Marvine: Main Street Museum, White River Junction, Vt. [2017] 213 Malina Wheeler Knapp: Deposit Historical Society 214 Mary Christopher Van Doorn Couch and Dr. John Whitfield Couch: Hirschl & Adler (1988), see bibliography 215 Unidentified Woman: Christie’s, 9686.524 / H.L. Chalfant 216 Philo Reed and Abigail Reynolds Reed: Stair Galleries (2009), 186 217 Maria Durkee Soggs: Christie’s, 6400.83 218 Dr. Elmore Everitt, M.D.: Shelburne Museum, 27.1.1-26 219 George Greenwood Reynolds and Abigail Penoyer Reynolds: San Diego Museum of Art 220 William (or Robert) Hoag and Phoebe Hoag: Northeast Auctions (2005), 1331 221 Olivia Kimberly Adams: Clars Auction Gallery (2005), 6396 222 Tripp Hoag and Sally Ann Hoag: Sotheby, Parke Bernet, Inc., 4369.230 223 Abigail Adams: Clars Auction Gallery (2005), 6395 224 Morgan Hunting and Julia Barton Hunting: Benson Ford Research Center, Henry Ford Museum and Greenfield Village 225 Isaac Hunting: Hirschl & Adler Galleries 226 Unidentified Woman: Lewis Scranton, Killingworth, Conn. 227 John Garnsey and Mercy Garnsey: Eldred’s, 2015.1352 228 Unidentified Man and Woman: Sotheby’s, 4593M.25 229 Mary Hamilton Ingraham: Skinner, Inc., 2640B.70 230 Unidentified Man and Woman: Hunter Museum of American Art, 1993.17 and 1993.16 231 Lucy Hamilton: Northeast Auctions (10/2007), 662 232 Unidentified Woman: Giampietro Gallery 233 Charles Wesley Powers: Nelson-Atkins Gallery, Kansas City. Mo. (Antiques, August 1953) 234 Jane Ann Benjamin Powers: Dayton Institute of Art 235 Unidentified Woman: Jeffrey Tillou Antiques 236 Mary Powers: Public Museum of Grand Rapids, 184408 237 Caroline Powers: Public Museum of Grand Rapids, 123111 238 Louisa Park Benjamin: Frick Art Reference Library 239 Sherman Bassett and Hannah Sornborger Bassett: Currier Museum of Art, 2003.1.1 and 2003.1.2 240 Unidentified Man: Mattatuck Historical Society, X68.166 241 Unidentified Man: Sotheby’s, N08665.77 242 Fanny Brush Rundle: San Diego Museum of Art, 1934.19 243 Dr. Peter B. Guernsey (and patient): New York State Historical Association [private collection] 244 Mary Ann Thorn Guernsey: Tillou (1973), see bibliography 245 Mrs. Cobb: Courtesy Howard Fertig 184 185

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Gen. Samuel Ten Broeck: Columbia County Historical Society Leonard William Ten Broeck and Helen Livingston Ten Broeck: Albany Institute of History and Art, 1977.16.1 and 1977.16.2 248 Elizabeth McKinstry Livingston: Runk (1897), see bibliography 249 Judge John Sanders III: Piwonka and Blackburn (1977), see bibliography 250 Jane Livingston Sanders: Frick Art Reference Library 251 Unidentified Man: Jeffrey Tillou Antiques 252 Unidentified Woman and Man: Princeton University Art Gallery, y1958-79 and y1958-78 253 Welcome Arnold and Mary Rowe Arnold: Frick Art Reference Library 254 Unidentified Woman: Frick Art Reference Library [Harry Stone] 255 Unidentified Man: Sotheby Parke Bernet: 4211.586 256 William Cantyne De Witt: Holdridge (1968), see bibliography [Geoffrey Clements] 257 Elizabeth Hardenbergh De Witt: Northeast Auctions (2014), 192 258 Henry Schenck Teller and Jane [Catherine] Storm Teller: National Gallery of Art, 1953.5.30 and 1953.5.31 259 Unidentified Woman: Tillou Gallery (Antiques, January 1982) 260 Marius Schoonmaker: Sotheby’s, 5744.165 261 Sarah Ann Palen Northrop and Lewis Northrop: Albright-Knox Art Gallery, K1986.3 and K1986.2 262 Sarah Ann Sleight De Witt: Frick Art Reference Library 263 Mrs. Day and Mr. Day: National Gallery of Art, 1953.5.29 and 1953.5.28 264 Unidentified Man and Woman: Christie’s, 8238.32 265 Mrs. Mayer and Daughter: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 62.256.2 266 Helen [Lena] Ten Broeck: Joan R. Brownstein 267 William Henry De Witt and Catherine Ten Broeck De Witt: private collection 268 Henry Lawrence and Christiana Rockefeller Lawrence: Welsh (1965), see bibliography 269 Unidentified Woman: Sotheby’s, N07959.307 270 Jacob Ten Broeck and Anna Benner Ten Broeck: author photos 271 Jacob Hasbrouck De Witt: Frick Art Reference Library 272 Abraham Patterson: Sotheby’s, 6444.211 273 James de Long: Sotheby’s, 5810.1132 274 Unidentified Man: Sotheby’s: 6444.197 275 Unidentified Woman and Man: Sotheby’s, 6731.25 276 Phoebe E. Preston Haviland: International Studio (1925), see bibliography 277 Caroline Jane Opie: Sotheby’s, 5744.11 278 William Stevens: Sotheby’s, 5280.188 279 Margaret Stevens Bentley or Elizabeth Buckley: Village Green Antiques, Richland, Mich. (Antiques, January 1982) 280 Unidentified Woman and Man of the Russell family: Sotheby’s, 7420.423 281 James Ketcham and Lois Belding Ketcham: Sotheby’s, 5680.1605 282 Unidentified Man and Woman: Garth’s Auctions, Inc., 1061.405 283 Rufus Fuller and Elizabeth Drake Fuller: Kent Historical Society 284 Julia Ann Fuller Barnum: International Studio (1925), see bibliography 285 John Milton Raymond and Florilla Mills Raymond: International Studio (March 1925), see bibliography 286 Almira Lucretia Mills Adams: Corbis Images, IE001821 [Geoffrey Clements] 287 Abraham Burton and Celia B. Burton: Antiques (January 1968) [John Gordon] 288 Hannah Mills Raymond (Newcomb) or Myra Ann Mills Raymond (Haxtun): Antiques (1961), see bibliography 289 Marquis de Lafayette Phillips and Jane Marie Pells Phillips: Sotheby’s / private collection 290 A.E. Allen: Christie’s, 3703.98 291 Unidentified Man: Christie’s, 1387.76 292 Unidentified Man: Sotheby’s, N08400.206 293 Unidentified Man: Sotheby’s, N07959.309 294 Unidentified Man: Doyle New York, 15AM02.5 295 Unidentified Man and Woman: Cottone Auctions (2006), 240 296 Jeremiah Russell and Elizabeth Moose Russell: Christie’s, 1591.121 297 Unidentified Woman (aka Mrs. Zachariah Flagler): Princeton University Art Museum, y1958-60 298 Captain Isaac Cox and Mrs. Cox: private collection 299 Hannah Masden Radcliffe: Frick Art Reference Library 300 Unidentified Man: Frick Art Reference Library 301 Unidentified Man and Woman: Sotheby Parke Bernet, Inc, 4209.246 302 Jeanette Payne: Northeast Auctions / Godel & Co. 303 Ann Miller Tompkins: Joan R. Brownstein 304 Mary Hoyt: Christie’s, 1787.291 305 Unidentified Man and Woman: Sotheby’s, NY7705.134 306 Unidentified Man: Sotheby’s, 7590.473 246 247

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Unidentified Man and Woman: Skinner, Inc., 2640B.15 Unidentified Man: David Wheatcroft 309 Helen Cornell Manney: Dutchess County Historical Society 310 Sarah Rogers: Baltimore Museum of Art, 1973.92.1 311 Unidentified Woman: Sotheby’s, 7590.470 312 Unidentified Woman: Memorial Art Gallery, University of Rochester, 84.22 313 Unidentified Woman: Sotheby’s, 6731.105 314 Anna Farrington Noxon: Washburn Gallery (1976) 315 Hoag family member: Private collection 316 Elder Luman Burtch and Esther Patrick Burtch: Davis Museum and Cultural Center, Wellesley College, L146.78.1/2 and L146.78.2/2, or EL.2001.2.1 and EL.2001.2.2 317 Archibald Campbell: Francis Lehman Loeb Art Center, Vassar College 318 Catherine De Cantillon Stoutenburgh: private collection 319 Unidentified Woman: Crystal Bridges Museum of Art [photo courtesy Washburn Gallery] 320 Unidentified Man: Sotheby’s, 6392.881 321 Unidentified Man and Woman: Sotheby’s, 6392.880 322 John Hughes: Sotheby’s, N08708.1062 323 Unidentified Man and Woman: Doyle New York, 12AM02.7 324 Jeanette Elizabeth Woolley: Brooklyn Museum of Art, 69.7 325 Frances Sprague Foster and Judge Ebenezer Foster: Jeffrey Tillou Antiques 326 Augusta Maria Foster (Raymond): David A. Schorsch & Eileen M. Smiles 327 Nancy Hungerford: Chrysler Museum of Art, 74.6.13 328 Unidentified Girl, possibly a Raymond family member: Sotheby’s, N08280.7 329 Unidentified Man and Woman: American Folk Art Museum, 1991.30.2 and 1991.30.1 330 Unidentified Woman: Sotheby’s, 5680.1510 331 Mr. Doane: Doyle New York (2015), 7 332 Mr. and Mrs. Vail from Afton, N.Y.: Pook & Pook (2014), 674 333 Unidentified Man: Sotheby’s, N09609.5071 334 Unidentified Man and Woman: Sotheby’s, 6392.686 335 John Guy Vassar, Jr.: Cunneen-Hackett Arts Center [author photo] 336 Unidentified Man and Woman: Philadelphia Museum of Art, 73-263-1 and 73-263-2 337 Polly Clason Brady: Sotheby’s, N09805.1025 338 Gerard Crane and Roxanna Purdy Crane: Somers Historical Society 339 George C. Sunderland: private collection 340 Unidentified Man: Samuel Herrup Antiques 341 Unidentified Woman: Sotheby’s, N07960.16 342 Rev. Walter Smith Lyon: Emeline Howe Malpas, Little River, Ca. 343 Unidentified Man and Woman: Sotheby’s, N08512.177 344 Unidentified Man: Pook & Pook (2012), 79 345 Mr. Goodwin: Antiques & The Arts Weekly (Feb 5, 1993) 346 Mr. Bates: Skinner, Inc., 2384.463 347 Jacob Wessel Ten Broeck and William Henry Ten Broeck: Skinner, Inc., 2640B.7 348 John Younie Luyster: Chrysler Museum of Art, 74.6.4 349 Unidentified Boy, possibly Aaron D. Smith: Philadelphia Museum of Art, 2001-13-1 350 Rachael Ann Maria Overbagh Ostrander and Titus Ostrander: Jane Katcher Collection 351 Unidentified Boy: Princeton University Art Museum, y1958.75 352 Unidentified Girl: Princeton University Art Museum, y1958.74 353 Unidentified Child: Skinner, Inc., 2640B.14 354 Unidentified Child: Sotheby’s, N08710.303 355 Unidentified Girl: American Folk Art Museum, 2001.37.1 356 Unidentified Girl: Folk Art (2008), see bibliography 357 Unidentified Girl: Christie’s, 1787.289 358 Unidentified Girl: Terra Foundation for American Art, 1992.57 359 Unidentified Girl: Sotheby’s, N08823.260 360 Henry Soggs and Mary Jane Soggs: Northeast Auctions (2006), 859 361 Mary Margaret Deuel: Sotheby’s, N08665.1 362 Andrew Jackson Ten Broeck: private collection 363 James Mairs Salisbury: Gavin Ashworth Photography, New York City 364 William Frederic Taber: private collection 365 William Woolley Haxtun: Connecticut Historical Society (1965), see bibliography 366 Almira Haxtun: Connecticut Historical Society (1965), see bibliography 367 Benjamin Haxtun: Connecticut Historical Society (1965), see bibliography 307 308

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Haxtun kitten (canvas fragment): Connecticut Historical Society (1965), see bibliography Joseph White Phillips: Fishkill Historical Society 370 Elias Phillips and Elizabeth Northrup Phillips: Fishkill Historical Society 371 Joseph Bogardus and Barbara Moffet Bogardus: Frick Art Reference Library 372 Harriet Simmons Hasbrouck: Sotheby’s, 5736.270 373 Unidentified Woman: Milwaukee Art Museum, M1966.113 [P. Richard Eells photo] 374 Elizabeth Phillips Storm and John Curry Storm: D’Ambrosio (1987), see bibliography 375 Unidentified Man: Leslie Antiques Ltd., New York 376 Ira Williams and Melissa Calkins Williams: Sharon Historical Society 377 John Cotton Smith: Sharon Historical Society 378 Phoebe Doud Gay: Sharon Historical Society 379 Calvin Gay: Sharon Historical Society [author photo] 380 Sarah (Sally) Totten Sutherland: Christie’s, 9468.25 381 Unidentified Woman: Shelburne Museum [2002] 382 Unidentified Woman: Abby Aldrich Rockefeller Folk Art Museum, 64.100.5 383 Unidentified Man (“Dr. J. Ransom, DD”) and Woman: Sotheby’s, N07998.178 384 Unidentified Woman: Newark Museum, 66.620 385 Unidentified Man and Woman: Northeast Auctions (2006), 1042 386 Unidentified Woman: Pook & Pook, Inc. (2014), 673 387 Unidentified Man: Christie’s, 1787.290 388 Tunis Cooper and Maria Myers Cooper: Cottone Auctions (2005), 152 389 Catherine Collins Flagler: private collection 390 Mr. and Mrs. Keese: Stair Galleries (2018), 79 391 Deacon Benjamin Benedict: Hirschl & Adler Galleries, Inc. (1970) 392 Col. Henry Rundall and Nancy Totten Sutherland Rundall: Kenneth Hammitt (Antiques, Jul 1971) 393 Rachel Divine: Copake Auction (2013), 30a 394 Charles Brown and Elizabeth Marshall Brown: Pugsley (1976), see bibliography 395 Rebecca Beebe Rockwell: Frick Art Reference Library 396 Judge Miles Tobey Granger and Caroline S. Ferguson Granger: Weston’s Auction Gallery (2004) 397 Theron Bronson and Maria Rachel Bronson: Alex Cooper Auctioneers (2018), 912 398 Margaret Phelps Higley: Falls Village-Canaan Historical Society 399 Unidentified Man: Leslie Hindman Auctioneers, 430.723 400 Milo Achilles Bartholomew and Millia Holbrook Bartholomew: Shannon’s, Milford, Conn. (2013), 177 (as unidentified) 401 William Miles: The Salisbury Association, Inc. 402 Augustus Miles and Roxa Norton Miles: Pook & Pook, Inc. (1998), 221 403 Possible Miles family member: Holley-Williams House Museum, Lakeville, Conn. [author photo] 404 Dr. Ovid Plumb and Abiah Lawrence Plumb: Pook & Pook, Inc. (1998), 220 405 Unidentified Man and Woman: Christie’s, 2815.164 406 Unidentified Woman: Skinner, Inc., 2824T.1070 407 George Beckwith: Jones and Mears, Hudson Valley Regional Review (1987), see bibliography 408 Unidentified Man: Sotheby’s, 6613.94 409 Unidentified Woman: Sotheby’s, 5680.1505 410 Unidentified Man: Marguerite Riordan (Antiques, Nov. 1974) 411 Leonard Richardson: private collection 412 Unidentified Man: James D. Julia, Inc. (2014), 2211 413 Asa Beckwith: Doyle New York, 15AM02.7 414 Unidentified Man: Sotheby’s, 4211.588 415 Unidentified Man: Sotheby’s, 5141.334 416 Thomas Parker: Northeast Auction (2007), 110 417 Unidentified Man: Christie’s, 9686.929 418 Unidentified Man: C. L. Prickett 419 Henry E. Hotchkiss: Torrington Historical Society 420 Lucia E. Hotchkiss: Torrington Historical Society 421 Electa Susannah Hotchkiss: Torrington Historical Society 422 Henry C. Langdon: private collection 423 Mr. and Mrs. Seymour of Connecticut: Skinner, Inc. (2009), 953 424 Sarah J. Kinney: Litchfield Historical Society 425 Nisus Kinney: Litchfield Historical Society 426 Sarah Wakefield Kinney: Carlsen Gallery (2004), 172 427 (possibly) Sen. John Henry Hubbard and Julia Hubbard: Post Road Gallery 428 Lucius Culver: Litchfield Historical Society 429 Unidentified Woman: Bruce Museum 368 369

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Theron Daniel Ludington and Eleanor Bailey Ludington: Christie’s, 2287.125 Jane E. Kinney: Christie’s, 9468.22 432 Susan W. Kinney: Gratz Gallery, New Hope, Pa. 433 Virginia Ludington and Theron Simpson Ludington: Christie’s, 2287.124 434 Unidentified Children: Christie’s, 8984.24 435 Unidentified Woman: Sotheby’s, 7590.469 436 Maria Rachel Bronson and Wilbur Bronson: Jane Katcher Collection 437 Milo Barnum Richardson and Lucy Anne Barnum Richardson: private collection 438 Emily Miner Palmer Fox: Tillou Gallery 439 Edward Hiram Bronson and Henry Theron Bronson: Katcher (2011), see bibliography 440 Unidentified Man and Woman: Abby Aldrich Rockefeller Folk Art Museum, 48.100.1 and 48.100.2 441 Nathan Gaylord Benjamin: Carlsen Gallery (2004), 171 442 Unidentified Man and Woman: Skinner (2012), 334 443 Unidentified Woman: Sotheby’s, N08158.350 444 Mr. and Mrs. James Reed: Skinner, Inc. 445 Unidentified Woman: Quinn’s Auction Galleries (2014), 249 446 Thomas Williams Barnes and Zilpha Arnold Barnes: Berkshire Co. Historical Society, author photo 447 Edward Church Carter: Doyle New York (2015), 9 [Sotheby’s, 7329.130] 448 Rev. Caleb Hyde: Paul Madden Antiques 449 Perry Green Comstock and Elizabeth M. Ball Comstock: Stockbridge Library 450 Thomas Carter: private collection 451 Ethan Allen Van Deusen and Clymena Tobey Van Deusen: Frick Art Reference Library 452 Elisha Barnes: Berkshire Museum, Pittsfield, Mass., 1972.18 453 Dr. Clarkson T. Collins and Lydia Coffin Collins: American Folk Art Museum, 2016.18.3 and 2016.18.4 [Adam Reich] 454 Dr. Joseph Priestly Dorr, private collection [courtesy George C. Colcough, Jr.] 455 Henry Sisson and Lucy Amanda Howe Sisson: Sotheby’s, 7420.459 456 Unidentified Woman: Northeast Auctions (2005), 614 457 Unidentified Woman: Sotheby’s, 3981.452 458 Unidentified Woman: Sotheby Parke Bernet, 4268.188 459 Ebenezer Chadwick: Charles L. Flint Antiques 460 Unidentified Man: private collection 461 Unidentified Man: Skinner, Inc., 2460.259 462 Unidentified Man: Christie’s, 8238.31 463 Unidentified Man: Freeman’s, 1456.171 464 Henry Sedgwick: Richard Opfer Auctioneering (2004), 186 465 Mr. Cooper: Christie’s, 6320.119 466 Lorin Smith and Eliza Smith: George E. Schoellkopf, New York, N.Y. (1975) 467 Anna Electa Carter, Mary Adele Carter and John Calvin Calhoun Carter: Heritage Auction Galleries, 5057.64068 468 Sarah King Dewey and Harriet Maria Dewey: private collection 469 Unidentified Girl (aka Mary O’Connel): Princeton University Art Museum, y1985-71 470 Unidentified Boy: Freeman’s, 1530.472 471 Edward Harmon Langdon: Jeffrey Tillou Antiques 472 Duane Bailey Dewey: private collection 473 Florence Maria Carter: Christie’s, 2815.250 474 Unidentified Boy: Hollander (2009), see bibliography [private collection] 475 Unidentified Woman and Boy: private collection 476 Unidentified Boy: William J. Jenack (2017) 477 Unidentified Woman: Larry Burke, Inc. 478 Unidentified Boy: Christie’s, 4999.185 479 Unidentified Child: Jones and Mears, Hudson Valley Regional Review (1987), see bibliography 480 Unidentified Boy: Skinner, Inc., 2608.917 481 Unidentified Woman: Northeast Auctions (8/2014), 300 482 Julia Anna Stone Morehouse: Copake Auction (9/2011), 25 483 Unidentified Woman: Eldred’s (2008), 691 and (2012), 819 484 Mrs. Lyman: Doyle New York (2015), 15 485 Unidentified Man: Christie’s, 8238.30 486 Unidentified Woman: Christie’s, 2133.324 487 Anna Benedict Smith: Wintergarden Auction Service (2013) 488 Enos Smith: Christie’s, 6842.155 489 Elizabeth Harris Husted: Holdridge, Antiques (1961), see bibliography 490 Ver Plank Overbagh (by John Vanderlyn): Frick Art Reference Library, 13957 491 Louisa Crane Meads (by Ezra Ames): Albany Institute of History and Art, 1983.1.1 430 431

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492 493

Ann Dunkin and Dunkin Henry Van Rensselaer (by Bass Otis): Albany Institute of History and Art, 1995.31 William Cockburn (by John Vanderlyn): Frick Art Reference Library, 15355 [Ira W. Martin]

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My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Index to Named Examples (Volume 2)

Buckley, Ellizabeth, 64 Buell, Napoleon Bonaparte, 26 Bull, Amy Chase, 25 Bull, Daniel, 43 Burtch, Elder Luman, 70 Burtch, Esther Patrick, 70 Burton, Abraham, 66 Burton, Celia B., 66 Campbell, Archibald, 71 Campbell, Harriet, 27 Campbell, Jane Ann, 33 Campbell, Samuel Robert, 30 Campbell, Sarah Mynderse, 30 Capron, Dr. Seth, 52 Capron, Eunice Mann, 52 Carter, Anna Electa, Mary Adele Carter and John Calvin Calhoun Carter, 95 Carter, Edward Church, 92 Carter, Florence Maria, 95 Carter, Thomas, 92 Chadwick, Ebenezer, 94 Chapman, Letitia Sloane, 45 Clark, Catherine Couenhoven, 30 Cobb, Mrs., 59 Cockburn, William, 39 Coe, Rev. Jonas, 28 Collins, Dr. Clarkson T., 93 Collins, Lydia Coffin, 93 Comstock, Elizabeth M. Ball, 92 Comstock, Perry Green, 92 Cook, Mary Halsley, 52 Cook, Palmer, 52 Cooper, Maria Myers, 82 Cooper, Mr., 94 Cooper, Tunis, 82 Couch, Dr. John Whitfield, 55 Couch, Mary Christopher Van Doorn, 55 Couch, Rhoda Bennett, 36 Cox, Captain Isaac, 68 Cox, Mrs. Isaac, 68 Crane, Dr., 24 Crane, Gerald, 74 Crane, Mrs., 24 Crane, Roxanna Purdy, 74 Culver, Lucius, 88 Day, Mr. (aka Mr. Bradley), 62 Day, Mrs. (aka Mrs. Bradley), 62 de Long, James, 64 De Witt, Catherine Ten Broeck, 63 De Witt, Dr. Abraham Ten Eyck, 38 De Witt, Elizabeth Hardenbergh, 61 De Witt, Jacob Hasbrouck, 63 De Witt, Leah Wynkoop, 38 De Witt, Rev. Thomas, 39 De Witt, Sarah Ann Sleight, 62 De Witt, Ten Eyck, 40 De Witt, William Cantyne, 61 De Witt, William Henry, 63

Adams, Abigail (later Hoag), 56 Adams, Almira Lucretia Mills (later Perry), 66 Adams, Olivia Kimberly, 56 Allen, A.E., 67 Allerton, Dr. Cornelius, 36 Allerton, Lois Atherton, 36 Allis, Leonard Newton, 54 Arnell, Dr. David R., 43 Arnold, Mary Rowe, 61 Arnold, Welcome, 61 Austin, Horace, 49 Austin, Mary Ludlow, 49 Bailey, Elizabeth Du Bois, 46 Barker, M.A., 27 Barnes, Elisha, 93 Barnes, Thomas Williams, 92 Barnes, Zilpha Arnold, 92 Barnum, Julia Ann Fuller, 66 Barstow, Charles Rollin, 17 Barstow, Pluma Amelia, 17 Bartholomew, Betsy Barnum (possibly), 91 Bartholomew, Hiram (possibly), 91 Bartholomew, Millia Holbrook, 84 Bartholomew, Milo Achilles, 84 Bassett, Hannah Sornborger, 58 Bassett, Sherman, 58 Bates, Mr., 75 Beakes, Jane (or Mary Smith), 53 Beakes, Stacy Jr., 53 Beckwith, Asa, 86 Beckwith, Col. Nathan S., 35 Beckwith, Elizabeth ‘Betsey’ Gale, 35 Beckwith, George, 86 Benedict, Charlotte H. Newcomb, 35 Benedict, Deacon Benjamin, 83 Benedict, Dr. Abijah Gilbert, 35 Benjamin, Louisa Park, 58 Benjamin, Nathan Gaylord, 91 Bentley, Margaret Stevens, 64 Bentley, Rhoda Goodrich and Louisa H. Bentley, 29 Bentley, William Northrup, 29 Bevier, Ann De Witt, 41 Bockee, Margaret Platt, 48 Bogardus, Barbara Moffet, 80 Bogardus, Joseph, 80 Bradley, Mr. (aka Mr. Day), 62 Bradley, Mrs. (aka Mrs. Day), 62 Brady, Polly Clason, 74 Broadhead, Dr. Thomas, 31 Bronson, Edward Hiram and Henry Theron Bronson, 90 Bronson, Maria Rachel, 84 Bronson, Maria Rachel and Wilbur Bronson, 89 Bronson, Theron, 84 Brown, Charles, 83 Brown, Elizabeth Marshall, 83 109


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Denton, Pauline Darling, 45 Denton, Samuel, 45 Deuel, Mary Margaret, 78 Deuel, Samuel, 48 Dewey, Dr. Horatio, 49 Dewey, Duane Bailey, 95 Dewey, Sarah King and Harriet Maria Dewey, 95 Deyo, Jane Bevier, 41 Dilbee, Mr. (likely Isaac Dibble), 35 Divine, Rachel, 83 Doane, Mr., 73 Dorr, Catherine Van Slyck, 22 Dorr, Col. Joseph, 25 Dorr, Dr. Russell, 22 Dorr, Henrietta, 22 Dorr, Joseph Priestly, 22, 93 Dorr, Josephus, 25 Dorr, Milton, 25 Dorr, Paulina, 22 Dorr, Polsapianna Bull & Esther Maria Dorr, 22 Dorr, Robert Lottridge, 22 Dorr, Russell Griffin, 22 Dorr, Sarah Bull, 25 Dorrance, Ann Eliza Sloan, 42 Dorrance, Dr. Benjamin Brewster, 42 Downe, Mrs. Dr., 48 Du Bois, Charles Louis, 34 Du Bois, Coert, 34 du Bois, Garret (possibly), 34 du Bois, Hannah Cooper, 34 Du Bois, Mary Thorn, 34 DuBois (Easton), Sarah Maria, 42 DuBois (Hasbrouck), Pamela, 42 DuBois, Eliza, 34 Eddy, Jonathan, 23 Eddy, Rebecca Rouse, 23 Elting, James, 49 Elting, Kate, 42 Everest, Dr. Isaac, 21 Everest, Sarah Cornwall, 21 Everitt, Dr. Elmore, 55 Fake, Catherine Sneider, 26 Fake, Johan Georg, Jr. 26 Fiske, Rev. Ezra, 45 Flagler, Catherine Collins (Mrs. Zachariah Flagler), 83 Flagler, Mrs. Zachariah (aka), 68 Folsom, Mr., 20 Folsom, Mrs., 20 Foster, Augusta Maria (later Raymond), 72 Foster, Frances Sprague, 72 Foster, Judge Ebenezer, 72 Fox, Emily Miner Palmer, 89 Fuller, Elizabeth Drake, 66 Fuller, Rufus, 66 Gale, Frederick, 27 Gale, Mary Anne Steenback, 33 Gale, Mary Elizabeth, 27

Garnsey, John, 57 Garnsey, Mercy, 57 Gay, Calvin, 81 Gay, Phoebe Doud, 81 Gebhard, Anna Maria Magdalene Carver, 32 Gebhard, Rev. John Gabriel, 32 Gilbert, Betsy Brownell, 30 Goodrich, Mr., 21 Goodrich, Mrs. & child, 21 Goodwin, Mr., 75 Granger, Caroline S. Ferguson, 84 Granger, Judge Miles Tobey, 84 Griffin, Ruth Wolsey, 35 Guernsey, Dr. Peter B., 59 Guernsey, Mary Ann Thorn, 59 Hall, Dr. Philander, 20 Hall, Harriet Betts, 20 Hamilton, Lucy, 57 Hamlin, David, 36 Hamlin, Lois, 36 Hardenburgh, Jacobus (possibly), 38 Hardenburgh, Maria Oliver (possibly), 38 Harder, Gertrude Snyder, 31 Harder, William G., 31 Hardy, Mr., 19 Hardy, Mrs., 19 Harris, Dr. Nicholas Brown, 20 Hasbrouck (Reeve), Maria Eliza, 42 Hasbrouck, Esther Bevier, 41 Hasbrouck, Harriet Simmons, 80 Hasbrouck, Hylah Bevier, 41 Hasbrouck, Jane, 42 Hasbrouck, Levi, 41 Hasbrouck, Phillip, 41 Haskell, Blithia Soulkard, 31 Haskell, John, 31 Hathaway, Charles Francis, 57 Haviland, Phoebe E. Preston, 64 Haxtun kitten, 79 Haxtun, Almira, 79 Haxtun, Benjamin, 79 Haxtun, William Woolley, 79 Haynes, John, 23 Haynes, Phebe, 23 Heartt, Jonas Coe, 33 Heartt, Philip Titus, 33 Heath, Joseph, 20 Heath, Mabel Rising, 20 Hickok, Katherine Salisbury Newkirk, 45 Higley, Margaret Phelps, 84 Hill, Harriet, 30 Hinds, Cicero, 44 Hoag, family member, 70 Hoag, Phoebe, 56 Hoag, Sally Ann, 56 Hoag, Tripp, 56 Hoag, William (or Robert), 56 Hotchkiss, Electa Susannah, 87 110


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Hotchkiss, Henry E., 87 Hotchkiss, Lucia E., 87 Howell, Sally Jane Beakes, 53 Howell, Samuel Callender, 53 Hoyt, Mary, 69 Hubbard, Julia (possibly), 88 Hubbard, Sen. John Henry (possibly), 88 Hughes, John, 71 Hulst, Aletta Van Alst, 48 Hulst, Hendrick, 48 Hungerford, Nancy, 72 Hunt, Clarissa Benton, 50 Hunt, Joseph Drake, 50 Hunter, David, 42 Hunter, Elizabeth Smith, 42 Hunting, Isaac, 56 Hunting, Julia Barton, 56 Hunting, Morgan, 56 Husted, Elizabeth Harris, 97 Husted, Polly Smith, 36 Hyde, Rev. Caleb, 92 Ingraham, Mary Hamilton, 57 Jackson, Louisa Heyer, 40 Jansen, Clarissa LeFevre Dolson, 50 Jansen, Dr. John T., 50 Jenkins, Mrs., 19 Judson, Chloe Allis, 17 Keese, Mr., 83 Keese, Mrs., 83 Kenyon, John (possibly), 38 Ketcham, James, 44, 65 Ketcham, Lois Belding, 65 Kinney, Jane E., 89 Kinney, Nisus, 88 Kinney, Sarah J., 88 Kinney, Sarah Wakefield, 88 Kinney, Susan W., 89 Knapp, Malina Wheeler, 54 Lamphear, Nancy Smith, 29 Lane, Jonathan, 32 Langdon, Edward Harmon, 95 Langdon, Henry C., 87 Lawrence, Christiana Rockefeller, 63 Lawrence, Henry, 63 Lawrence, John, 51 Lawrence, Mrs. John, 51 Leavens, Harriet, 27 Little, Col. William Shultz and Betsy Ketcham Little, 51 Livingston, Elizabeth McKinstry, 60 Ludington, Eleanor Bailey, 88 Ludington, Theron Daniel, 88 Ludington, Virginia and Theron Simpson Ludington, 89 Luyster, John Younie, 76 Lyman, Mrs., 97 Lyon, Rev. Walter Smith, 74 Manney, Helen Cornell, 70

Marvine, Charles Augustus, 54 May (Stimson), Catherine A., 54 Mayer, Mrs. & daughter, 62 McClellan, Dr. John A., 32 Miles family member, 85 Miles, Augustus, 85 Miles, Roxa Norton, 85 Miles, William, 85 Morehouse, Julia Anna Stone, 97 Mygans, Elizabeth, 49 Northrop, Lewis, 62 Northrop, Sarah Ann Palen, 62 Noxon, Anna Farrington, 70 O’Connel, Mary (aka), 95 Oliver, Blandina Margaret, 39 Opie, Caroline Jane, 64 Ostrander, Rachel Ann Maria Overbagh and Titus Ostrander, 76 Overbagh, Maria Van Leuvan, 39 Overbagh, Rev. Peter, 39 Paige, Clarissa Keyes, 39 Paige, Rev. Winslow, 39 Palmer, Ruth Haynes, 29 Parker, Thomas, 87 Patterson, Abraham, 64 Payne, Jeanette, 69 Pelton, Anne Stoddard, 46 Pelton, Peleg, 44 Philip, Catherine Douw Hoffman, 31 Philip, Col. Henry G., 31 Phillips, Dr. Gabriel Norton, 45 Phillips, Elias, 80 Phillips, Elizabeth Northrup, 80 Phillips, Elizabeth Payne, 45 Phillips, Jane Marie Pells, 67 Phillips, Joseph White, 80 Phillips, Marquis de Lafayette, 67 Plumb, Abiah Lawrence, 85 Plumb, Dr. Ovid, 85 Powers, Caroline, 58 Powers, Charles Wesley, 58 Powers, Jane Ann Benjamin, 58 Powers, Mary, 58 Punderson, Ebenezer, 48 Radcliffe, Hannah Masden, 68 Ransom, Dr. J., 82 Ransom, Mrs. J., 82 Raymond family member (possibly Frances Anne Foster), 72 Raymond, Florilla Mills, 66 Raymond, Hannah Mills (or Myra Ann Mills Raymond), 66 Raymond, John Milton, 66 Reed, Abigail Reynolds, 55 Reed, Mr. James, 91 Reed, Mrs. James, 91 Reed, Philo, 55 Reynolds, Abigail Penoyer, 55 111


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Reynolds, George Greenwood, 55 Richardson, Leonard, 86 Richardson, Lucy Anne Barnum, 89 Richardson, Milo Barnum, 89 Robinson, Gen. David, 28 Robinson, Nancy Caldwell, 28 Rockwell, Rebecca Beebe, 84 Rogers, Eveline Cornell (possibly), 70 Rogers, Jerusha, 27 Rogers, Sarah, 70 Rundall, Col. Henry, 83 Rundall, Nancy Totten Sutherland, 83 Rundle, Fanny Brush, 59 Russell family man & woman, 65 Russell, Elizabeth Moose, 68 Russell, Jeremiah, 68 Salisbury, James Mairs, 78 Sanders, Jane Livingston, 60 Sanders, Judge John III, 60 Schoonmaker, Marius, 62 Schuneman, Eliza Demyer, 38 Schuneman, William, 38 Sedgwick, Henry, 94 Selby, George Edward, 31 Seymour, Mr., 87 Seymour, Mrs., 87 Sheffield, Mr., 45 Sheffield, Mrs., 45 Sherman, Caleb, 24 Sherman, Sarah Stearns & daughter, 24 Sherman, Wilbur, 24 Simpson, Eliza, 40 Sisson, Henry, 93 Sisson, Lucy Amanda Howe, 93 Slade, Alsa Sherman, 25 Slade, Joseph, 25 Slade, Mrs. Philip (possibly), 26 Slade, Philip, 26 Sleight, Aaltje Swartwout (possibly), 41 Sleight, Abraham, 34 Sleight, John A., 34 Sleight, Ruth Roe, 34 Sluyter, Lydia Schureman, 32 Sluyter, Rev. Richard, 32 Smith, Aaron D. (possibly), 76 Smith, Anna Benedict, 97 Smith, Col. James N., 53 Smith, Eliza, 94 Smith, Enos, 97 Smith, Fanny Waterbury, 53 Smith, Gideon, 17 Smith, Jane Daney, 29 Smith, John Cotton, 81 Smith, Judge Isaac, 37 Smith, Lorin, 94 Smith, Mary Elizabeth, 47 Smith, Mrs., 57 Smith, Phoebe Lewis, 37

Soggs, Henry and Mary Jane, 78 Soggs, Maria Durkee, 55 Spicer, Cyrus, 25 Spicer, Mary Eddy, 25 Stakley, Ester, 51 Standish, Hannah (unidentified child), 77 Stevens, William, 64 Stoddard, Ashbel, 18 Stoddard, Patience Bolles, 18 Storm, Elizabeth Phillips, 80 Storm, John Curry, 80 Storm, Thomas, 48 Stoutenburgh, Catherine De Cantillon, 71 Strong, Benjamin (possibly), 51 Strong, Frances Smith (possibly), 51 Sunderland, George C., 74 Sutherland, Betsy, 51 Sutherland, Sarah (Sally) Totten, 81 Swartwout, Anna Seward, 41 Taber, William Frederic, 78 Teller, Caroline Sammis, 35 Teller, Henry Schenck, 61 Teller, Jane [Catherine] Storm, 61 Teller, Tobias, 35 Ten Broeck, Andrew Jackson, 78 Ten Broeck, Anna Benner, 63 Ten Broeck, Gen. Samuel, 60 Ten Broeck, Helen (Lena), 63 Ten Broeck, Helen Livingston, 60 Ten Broeck, Jacob, 63 Ten Broeck, Jacob Wessel and William Henry Ten Broeck, 76 Ten Broeck, Leonard William, 60 Ten Eyck, Blandina, 40 Ten Eyck, John, 40 Thompson family member (possibly), 33 Thompson, Alexander II, 43 Thompson, Hannah Bull, 43 Thompson, Mrs. Andrew (aka), 51 Thompson, Robert R., 43 Thompson, Sarah McCurdy, 43 Tompkins, Ann Miller, 69 Vail, Alsop, 44 Vail, Frances Seybolt, 46 Vail, Mr., 73 Vail, Mrs., 73 Van Bergen, Clarine Peck (possibly), 38 Van Deusen, Clymena Tobey, 92 Van Deusen, Ethan Allen, 92 Van Deusen, John, 48 Van Keuren family man & woman, 40 Van Keuren, Catharina, 42 Van Rensselaer, Jane A. Fort, 30 Van Schoonhoven, James, 29 Vanderpoel, Anna Doll, 32 Vanderpoel, Judge James, 32 Vassar, John Guy Jr., 73 Walbridge, Sally Morgan, 29 112


My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2 Warburton, Mr. (aka), 50 Warburton, Mrs. (aka), 50 Wheeler, Eleanor Knox, 54 Wheeler, William, 54 Williams, Ira, 81

Williams, Melissa Calkins, 81 Winfield, Dr. Charles, 52 Winfield, Margaret Crawford, 52 Woolley, Jeanette Elizabeth, 72

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Profile for David R. Allaway

My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2  

My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - by David R. Allaway. Two volumes. A catalog with titles or subject identification with life dates, w...

My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - Volume 2  

My People: The Works of Ammi Phillips - by David R. Allaway. Two volumes. A catalog with titles or subject identification with life dates, w...

Profile for n2xb