Your Time Brisbane March 2018

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Your Time Your premier 55+ magazine





BRISBANE EDITION 36, MARCH 2018 01.indd 1




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22/02/2018 10:17:36 AM

Editor’s note


ur investigation on the challenges of picking up a pension certainly seems to have struck a chord. Personal experiences abound and they all have a similar theme – life wasn’t meant to be easy, especially when dealing with bureaucracy. Some of those stories appear in the Letters column this month, and demonstrate that it’s a subject that strikes at the very heart of our expectations when it becomes our turn to get something back. And why shouldn’t we? This was a generation that missed out on first home buyer loans, baby bonuses, maternity/paternity leave, child care subsidies ... do I want something back from the system? You betcha I do. I saved for a house deposit and worked from home to care for my


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Contents own kids without getting a red cent from the government. As a selfemployed small businessperson, there wasn’t much left over after tax to stash away some super. Women weren’t even taken seriously in this generation. It is an established fact that Australian women retire with just over half the amount of super as men, and one in three women retire with no super at all. And this wasn’t a problem of their own making, just the way the system works. Given that they also have greater life expectancy there are going to be a lot of women out there who will struggle while being bundled into the generation that’s told it should have been saving for super but didn’t. Anyway, enough of the whinging, it won’t change a thing. One advantage of breeding a generation of young travellers, is that there is an excuse to visit them in far-flung places. I’m off to Dublin to visit the baby of the family so next month’s edition will be in the capable hands of Russell Hunter, who can give you a male perspective.

Dorothy Whittington, Editor

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PUBLISHER Michelle Austin 5493 1368. EDITOR Dorothy Whittington ADVERTISING ENQUIRIES 0438 717 210. FOR DIGITAL EDITIONS AND MORE DISTRIBUTION ENQUIRIES Your Time Magazine is locally owned and published by The Publishing Media Company Pty Ltd ATF The Media Trust (“the Publisher”). No part of this publication may be reproduced or copied in any form by any means without the prior written consent of the Publisher. The Publisher does not assume responsibility for, endorse or adopt the content of any advertisements published in Your Time Magazine, either as written copy or inserts, given such content is provided by third parties and contains statements beyond the Publisher’s personal knowledge. The information contained in Your Time Magazine is intended as a guide only and does not represent the view or opinion of the Publisher or its editorial staff. Professional advice should be sought before applying any of the information to particular circumstances. Whilst every reasonable care is taken in the preparation of Your Time Magazine, the Publisher and its editorial staff do not accept liability for any errors or omissions it may contain.

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21/02/2018 11:15:14 AM


Trading places Would you be happy to let strangers make free of your home while you do the same in theirs? The answer, writes JULIE LAKE, appears to be a resounding “yes” as a growing number of Australians engage in house swap holidays.

A house swap is an opportunity to meet the neighbours and immerse in local culture.


he home exchange – not to be confused with housesitting – travel option, engages people of all ages, but is particularly well suited to retirees on moderate budgets with a yen to travel and a flexible schedule. What’s more, older people rate highly with home exchange agencies because they are (usually) reliable, clean, tidy and don’t indulge in wild parties that upset the neighbours. There are even a couple of agencies that cater particularly to seniors. Beyond the obvious advantages of free accommodation and the comforts

and conveniences of a private home, swapping your house or apartment with carefully matched peers can give you the chance to immerse yourself in another culture, at least for a while. Some travellers who happily reduce accommodation costs by “sitting” other people’s homes are intimidated by the idea of exchanging their own. In the comedy Swap! By actor/ playwright Ian Ogilvy, an English couple find they have exchanged homes with a gangster, leading to hilarious complications. Less dramatically, Brisbane couple Joe


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and Nell Lidgard arranged a house swap with people in Perth and were let down at the last minute. Non-refundable air fares meant they still had to make the trip and were forced to pay for accommodation. “It didn’t put us off the idea though,” says Joe. “Only next time we went through an established agency, which lowers the risk a bit.” Since then the Lidgards have enjoyed several successful house swaps and it’s encouraging to note that a quick on-line check shows that any negative experiences are far outweighed by the positive feedback from those who have

home-swapped around the world. Home exchange agencies have been around for at least 30 years and are proliferating to meet the demand. They have attractive websites listing specialised home swap experiences such as golf, skiing, bushwalking, food and wine and a reasonable assurance that personal requirements will be met. Membership fees can appear high but are justified by the services provided. Most are international with a couple of them focusing only on exchanges within Australia. Those interested in the house swap travel option are advised to visit these sites because, along with listings, they also have a lot of information about how it all works. While older people may make more reliable house-swappers (and sitters) they are also fussier, less resilient and often have health issues that limit their flexibility. This is why it’s important to use an agency that can facilitate a good match. Unlike that other increasingly popular travel option, house sitting, pets are not so often part of the deal. But they may be, and if you are over 65 with a bad back or heart trouble you don’t want to find yourself stuck out in the wilderness with six horses to exercise! Transparency and honesty are an important factor in home exchange and you need to check your exchange partners very carefully before committing. On the other hand, if you have a beloved pooch and they have a spoiled cat it should be a win-win situation all round. As one veteran home exchanger recalls, “I did a swap in Valencia, Spain,


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COVER STORY for three months. The house and location was everything they’d told me and more, but just before we arrived they had acquired a new, large and very boisterous dog that had to be walked every day. “It was a bit more responsibility than we’d bargained for‌though in gratitude they left our own home in perfect condition and with wine and chocolates in the fridge.â€? Insurance is an important consideration when letting strangers into your home, however well-vetted by a good agency they may be. Most standard house and contents insurance offers no protection. A spokesperson for large insurer AAMI says theft or damage – malicious or accidental – by guests in your home is not usually covered. So it pays to check and if necessary adjust your premium for the period you are away. As house swaps usually involve vehicle swaps also, you also need to check your vehicle insurance cover – and theirs! With some vehicle insurers age limits apply. Some home exchange agencies include insurance in the membership fee but this only reimburses air fare, accommodation and car rental costs should a cancellation occur. Statistically, however, damage and theft are rare with home exchanges; the most likely problem is last minute cancellations by one of the participants. This is just one reason why it’s important to arrange home swaps through an agency with a good track record, which vets, verifies and rates its participants – and preferably offers a written contract. There are at least 70 from which to choose, most offering much the same service with new platforms evolving all the time. For example industry giant HomeExchange recently introduced its

Peace of mind at a great price

flexible “Balloon� option which extends the traditional one-on-one swap to a wider group of exchanges. It’s worth noting that house swapping does not need to be simultaneous: that is, you might agree to a non-simultaneous swap whereby you stay in your exchange partner’s home at a time that suits you and they stay in yours at another time which suits them – an arrangement that is of course easier with second or holiday homes. And thanks to HomeExchange, I came to meet Brisbane’s Ainslie Waldron, doyenne of home exchange in southeast Queensland. She and her partner Mike have for many years now regularly swapped their second home on Macleay Island for accommodation in Australia and overseas, staying in everything from a Swiss mansion to a tiny but well-located apartment in Vienna. They even managed to find a suitable swap in Iceland! Ainslie is a semi-retired businesswoman and travel writer whose website and blog are full of information about house swapping and travel while her e-book Luxury Globetrotting on a Staycation Budget (Amazon) is essential reading for anyone contemplating what Ainslie calls “staycation� travel. Ainsley doesn’t bother with any extra insurance but says it’s important to establish a relationship with your swap partners, through Skype and email and other mutually suitable communication methods, before proceeding. And also read the reviews on the exchange agency websites. She and Mike try, when possible, to exchange second homes as this offers more flexibility. “It’s been a great adventure,� Ainsley says, “And because of it we’ve made friends all over the world.�

HOUSE SWAP check list

If you select a good home exchange agency they will give you all the advice you need, but here is a list of essentials that anyone considering this holiday/ lifestyle option needs to follow: 1. PLAN AHEAD Plan six months to a year ahead: exchanges can happen at shorter notice but this is rare. 2. PREPARE YOUR PROFILE Offer as much reassuring detail about yourself as possible; this helps bring about a better peer-to-peer “fit�. Take good photos that reflect what your home is really like but don’t exaggerate. Be honest about your neighbourhood and its facilities. 3. CONSIDER INSURANCE Especially to cover air fares and associated costs if there is a last minute cancellation. If exchanging cars, make sure you have comprehensive insurance. 4. AGREE ON BILL PAYMENTS Clarify expenses you and you exchange partner will be covering. Usually each party covers their own utility bills within the range of reasonable usage. Make it

clear upfront that extraordinary expenses incurred by the other partner in your home exchange, such as high phone bill or traffic fine, must be paid by them. If agreed between you both, leave a cash contingency for any minor unforeseen expenses. 5. PROVIDE DETAILED INSTRUCTIONS Leave detailed instructions about how your house works and who to contact in case of emergency. 6. LOCK UP VALUABLES If there are possessions you don’t want your swappers to touch or see, lock them away. 7. GO THE EXTRA MILE If possible get a friend or relative to meet and greet your swappers and show them around the house. Leave a welcoming gift such as flowers, wine, fruit or chocolates. Ask neighbours to drop in and welcome them. Recommend favourite shops and eateries. 8. KEEP IN TOUCH During the exchange make occasional contact to reassure both sides that all is going well.

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The best job in the world Who needs a bucket list when you live life to the full every day, writes WENDY MILLS, who has been housesitting on her own around the world for 17 years.


go where I want, when I want, and for how long I want. I only have myself to please, and please myself I do! For a 75-year-old mum, granny, former teacher, and widow, I am fit, happy, healthy and loving life. And I plan on living at least another 28 years doing this very same thing. I no longer own a house or a car. I have no letterbox for bills and pesky junk mail. I have no bills! All of my worldly goods, actually those not already given away or sold, are stored in a shed and are getting fewer every year. Each winter I return to Australia to visit my children and grandchildren and to escape the heat, midges and mossies of the northern hemisphere. When my husband died, I was teaching and running our small restaurant; burning the candle at both ends. After a year, one of my children asked why I didn’t consider going to England to teach for a year. I quickly started researching and soon discovered I could easily get a teaching position in London. Before long, with the help of all my family, I had sold the house, the car, and the business, and off I went. I arrived in July to teach Year 2 in an


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Christmas in Andorra. outer London suburb. Quickly disenchanted with seven-year-olds swearing at me, I left after six months and spent a month touring Europe before ending up in beautiful Port Isaac,

Cornwall. It was there, while searching the internet, that I first heard of housesitting. I joined the Australian housesitting firm, who at the time, had about 400 sits available around the world every day. I had always wanted to go to Prince Edward Island, Canada, the home of Anne of Green Gables, and to my delight, that was my first sit. I couldn’t get there quickly enough. I loved it from the moment I landed in Charlottetown in mid-winter in the snow. My home owner was a wonderful English lady who has since become a dear friend, as have so many of my home owners. The house was a historic four-storey timber house, with a lake, the ocean and a quaint little cemetery nearby filled with century old Scottish residents and all the snow I could wish for. Since then, my bear George, given to me as a travelling companion by my children, and I have notched up 23 countries. Meeting people from all corners of the globe is fascinating. My schoolgirl French is no barrier, nor is the fact that I do not speak

Scandinavian languages or German. These days, almost everyone speaks some English, although when in a foreign country, it is always polite to learn a few basic words as sign of respect. During one of my first sits in Switzerland, the home owner was with me for a couple of days. She spoke no English, and I spoke no German, so she tucked a German/English dictionary in her knickers, and when sign language and charades did not work, she whipped it out. It was such fun, and boy, could she make a delicious fondue. She and her sister are still my close friends 15 years later. Not only do you meet amazing people, but you learn about countries and fascinating cultures. I have been lucky enough to learn Ukrainian Easter Egg painting; pull candy in Sweden; eat bison on a Canadian Indian reservation; attend a Burmese Water Festival and attend the Ice Festival in Quebec, and much more. I have spent Christmas in many countries, from New York to Scotland; Canada to Germany; and Ireland and England. I am never lonely and thanks to the internet, I have daily contact with my family. I choose to stay in hostels between sits.


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OUR PEOPLE They have changed so much since the Youth Hostels of years gone by. They are clean, well-appointed, inexpensive, and you meet fascinating people and not necessarily all of them young. Once in Paris I was in a four bed dorm with two young girls, one from USA, and the other from England. The fourth member was a young Columbian lad who worked in Paris. Of course, you can choose the type of dorm you want and many are ensuite and include breakfast. Another tip for travelling between sits is to hire a campervan. When you take on a housesit, you take on the responsibility of caring for the home and animals as if they were your own. It is always best to arrive at least a day before the owners leave, to learn about the home, the appliances, special needs of the animals, and anything you need to know about rubbish days etc. You are doing the home owner a favour by caring for their home and animals while they are away. If they were to put the animals into kennels or catteries for six months, it would cost thousands. I prefer to stay a day after their return, so they can check that everything is as they left it. I usually cook a meal or at least a cake for afternoon tea, and have the house sparkling.

Most home owners proudly leave their homes spick and span and expect it that way on their return. In all my years of housesitting, I have only had one who did not. The house was beyond filthy, and the owner quickly left for South Africa to find a new wife. I could not even use the bathroom. Thankfully he had no animals, so I rang him on his mobile and told him it was impossible, for many reasons, and I could not stay. I gave the key to a neighbour and hightailed it out of there. This was a very unusual home owner. He had even left his false teeth in a glass on the sink. One of my favourite repeat sits is in Maine, USA. It is a three-storey log cabin beside a frozen lake with a huge hot spa between the cabin and the lake. I revel in soaking in the tub in the snow. Squirrels burrow heads down, tails up in the snow for the seeds I scatter. Some of my homeowners invite their close neighbours in for coffee to meet me on my arrival, which is a lovely way for me to get to know them, and for them to feel comfortable about having a stranger in their midst. Housesitting is the most fun, and rewarding experience for any age, singles or couples. It’s a perfect way to see the world. All you have to do is respect someone else’s property and pets as if they are your own.

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Rebel in a pair of jeans If you’ve ever set your heart on something and then scrimped and saved like billy-o to get it, you’ll know the supreme pleasure of achieving your goal, writes KATE CALLAHAN.


was 13 and desperate for a pair of denim jeans. Everyone’s wearing them, I told Mum, but despite my pleading she remained implacably opposed to the idea of her only daughter wearing a garment synonymous with teenage rebellion. But I have money of my own, I whined. And I had the Commonwealth passbook to prove it. There was over $300 in my school bank account, thanks to years of making tiddly weekly deposits during primary school. Every Tuesday, banking day, Mum and Dad would give me a silver coin or two to take to school. Pocket money, they called it, but it wasn’t for spending. No, it was for “saving” because you never know when you might need it – and I was needing it right now to buy my heart’s desire, a pair of denim jeans. You’re not touching your school bank account, Mum said, and that was the end of that. But I wanted a pair of denim jeans so badly I could almost taste them. For three months, I saved every cent that passed through my fingers. I struck a deal with Dad to help with the milking after school for 10 cents a day. I went hungry rather than spend my

weekly tuckshop allowance. And then my darling aunt sent me a birthday card with six 50 cent pieces pasted inside. I finally had enough to shop for jeans. Levi Strauss & Co started making women’s jeans in 1934, but they hadn’t made it to my neck of the woods by 1970 as far as I could determine. No matter, trendy girls wore men’s jeans – that much I knew – so I went to the menswear shop and tried on blue denim jeans. They were all a poor fit, too big in the waist and much too long in the leg, but I rationalised that there was nothing I couldn’t fix with my trusty Singer. My mother was aghast and furious when I arrived home with my ill-fitting prize. The zipper was at the front rather

than at the back like the slacks Doris Day wore, they didn’t fit properly, and they were made for men! Battle lines drawn, we had our first ever argument. Mum still associated jeans with two bad boys of the silver screen, Marlon Brando in The Wild One (1953) and James Dean in Rebel Without a Cause (1955). Neither meant anything to me, but to my mother, Brando and Dean represented a subversive counter-culture, worse than the hippies at Woodstock with their bell-bottoms and floral shirts. Fortunately, the row blew over soon enough. I made the jeans fit, and Mum and I never again argued about clothing. By 1972, Amco had gained a foothold in the female jean market. Made in Australia, Amco Peaches, so called because of the apparent similarity between the shape of a woman’s bottom and a peach, were specifically designed for the female form. With their cheeky (pardon the pun) slogan “Don’t handle the fruit”, they were a far-cry from my first shapeless pair. Peaches were available in many colours, had a flattering high waist and a boot-leg cut and – gracious me – some styles even had an exposed four-button fly!

They were the holy grail of jeans for me. As a 15-year-old, I was completely taken in by the clever, sexually provocative ad campaign and the jingle “Everybody’s hips wore the name that really fits…” Who could resist? I had to have them – and I did. By this stage, Mum had accepted that jeans were an integral part of a teenager’s wardrobe, so I bought them and a succession of others. My love affair with jeans has never faded. In the ’80s, I wore JAG jeans with high waists and wide legs. In the ’90s, I was a dedicated fan of Levi 501s, but with the turn of the century, my tastes in denim became more eclectic. As the years wore on, my choices became more sedate. I wore moleskins from RM Williams and blue denim Wranglers with sparkly back pockets. Then in 2012, I discovered Not Your Daughter’s Jeans, an elegant choice for a matron on the wrong side of 55. NYDJs are renowned for their fit, which makes me think that my dear old Mum might have approved. If she had lived long enough, I might, just might, have been able to persuade her to set aside her denim prejudice and try a pair herself.

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I ENJOYED and was emotionally moved by the Time Warp column (YT Feb). It brought back so many memories of my own childhood, growing up in Brisbane and my dear Mum always managing to give us the best, all on a “smell of an oily rag budget”, a wish and a prayer. I have fond memories of our trips to the city and the splurge of lunch at Coles Cafeteria or the Red Cross refreshment rooms under City Hall. Friday night fish and chips and Sunday home-cooked roast. Sunday roast was always followed by a treat from the ice cream ladies who scoured the neighbourhood in a blue Toyota station wagon with an icebox in the back. Every child had ears pricked for the sound of the school bell being waved from the passenger side window. The rest of the week my Mother, the homemaker, made ice cream, baked and sewed while my father, the postman rode, but mainly pushed, an overloaded bicycle with five saddlebags of mail. Thank-you Diane Amos. Tony Sullivan I WOULD like to say just how much the letter by Diane Amos (YT Feb) struck a chord with me. I’m 80 and so many of her comments were familiar. My parents


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were lucky enough to own a large block which contained our house, many fruit trees, under which were grown vegetable and strawberries, so we always had fresh fruit, preserved fruit, and fresh vegies. Mum loved working in “the Block”, as we called it, the house being on one end, and the block being two normal size house blocks separated by an olive hedge. She also was a talented seamstress, though self-taught, and made her clothes as well as those of my two younger brothers and I, along with all the lovely knitteds that she did during the evenings while listening to the wireless. When she bought her first electric sewing machine, I was 14 and she gave me her old “treadlie”, and I began making my own clothes on it, at first with her help. I still sew clothing for myself, although these days it costs more to buy the materials than to buy ready-made. We also had an icebox to keep the food cool, and the washing was done in a large copper in the laundry, followed by winding it through a hand wringer. It was rinsed in large cement troughs before being hung out to dry. When I was about 13, Mum had to have an operation, so I helped Dad with the housework. It was thrilling to come home from school a couple of months later to find we were the proud owners of a new refrigerator and a washing machine. Vivienne Dillon


21/02/2018 12:05:38 PM


Have your say. Send letters to Editor, Your Time Magazine, PO Box 717, Spring Hill 4004 or email

AFTER reading Beverley Johnston’s story (YT Feb) I am writing on behalf of my partner of over 20 years. Garry started work at an early age (8 years) in the early ’50s, to help his mum when his father died. He is 76 this month. He decided to retire last year and go on the pension. Garry worked for 10 years past retirement age after losing most of his super. Kevin Rudd had introduced the pension bonus scheme as an incentive to keep people working. He registered for this bonus scheme as soon as he turned 65, and every year for 10 years we received a letter from Centrelink confirming that he was still registered, all we had to do was supply proof of earnings, which we did. They still wanted all of this again and this bonus needed to be claimed within 13 weeks of retirement. So, as Beverley did, we thought if we went to Centrelink three weeks before he finished work with all the necessary paperwork, including a lot of extra information to claim the bonus, we could get a head start. Downhill from here. We couldn’t finish off the claim, as

Garry needed a separation certificate. We waited for the certificate and off we went again. We were told it could take up to eight weeks. On November 16, we went again with more documents. Eventually a young lady came and we tried to explain that we were trying to claim the pension, and the bonus to which he is entitled. “Oh, the bonus is longer available,” she said. Yes. We know, but Garry is still registered for it and I had 10 years of paperwork to confirm it. We submitted more paperwork. After not hearing anything for over seven weeks, we went into Centrelink in early January. A young lady told us our application had been rejected although she couldn’t work out why. On January 22, we got a call from a lady asking for more information – all the information we had supplied in November. So that’s 75 days. We went back to Centrelink again February 6, to see how it was going. Again we were told that there was a letter being sent. Again it was asking for details we had already given them. When we arrived home frustrated, I sat and rang and rang until at last I spoke

to a lady who confirmed everything, and said she couldn’t understand why it was happening. What we can’t understand is how people get bogus claims through the system. Finally, surprise, surprise, Garry had a phone call on February 12, advising his application had been approved. A letter is on the way but we won’t be convinced until it arrives. The stress of this has taken its toll on a man who was in good health and looking forward to retirement. Why are we, the older generation, having to cop this sort treatment? It makes us feel like criminals when we are only trying to claim something that this generation should be entitled too. Finally, I agree with Beverley Johnston. I do believe they hope you will die first, so they don’t have to pay you. Roslyn Wills REGARDING age pension access, I applied on February 13, 2017 and was approved on April 24, 2017 - around 10 weeks, which is similar to what I was told when originally lodged. It was backdated to February 25 and I was not offered any financial assistance during the approval time. As I have my own funds, this was not a concern but without funds it would have been a major problem. I attended the office in person and staff at all times were helpful. My original lodgement was checked on the spot and

ATM printouts were rejected so I obtained statements and dropped them in the next day. No other problems were encountered. I did make contact after five weeks to check that it was progressing. Regarding slow approval times, I note that one can lodge the application up to 13 weeks ahead of the actual availability date which negates to some degree the long approval time. Col Hart I ARRIVED in Australia from NZ in 2002, so I had to also apply for part-pension from NZ. Much like Beverley Johnston, I had several attempts at supplying paper work at our local Centrelink, only to be told they needed more paperwork, separation certificates and wife’s payslips, more than once. Aged pensioners are encouraged to go online but a lot do not have access to a computer. My brother-in-law in Auckland turned 65 about the same time as me and laughed when I told him. He had to ring up, get an appointment, and was given a list of documents he was required to present. After 40 minutes at the WINZ office, he had his pension. Yes, they do have the universal pension in NZ, less paperwork, however they have a department within the system that deals with aged pension, and case managers. Now there’s a thought. It took three months after I applied

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21/02/2018 11:16:26 AM

LETTERS for the pension to receive any money. Don’t rely on your federal MP or for that matter any MP. I dealt with a Senator who was sponsoring a bill for aged pension reform, but that ran out of steam, and after a while the communication dried up. I’m not so sure any MP is much worried about aged pensioners. There needs to be a huge overhaul at Centrelink, and may I say it should start at the top. The Government should be thanking the aged for their service to the country and not treat us like a burden on the budget. Start treating the aged with more respect, we’ve earned it. Russell Campbell I RETIRED in April 2012 and received my first pension payment on May 8, so no complaints there. My problems related to two features mentioned in your article – the time it took to get through on the phone or at an office, and the conflicting information received. In 2012, I travelled around Australia in my camper-trailer which was my only home. Initially, I was advised that I would receive rent assistance as I was paying to stay in caravan parks. In my first pension payment I received $120 rent assistance, in the next I received $8! A phone call revealed that I should be filling in a form for a “temporary residence” rather than “permanent” as I had been previously advised. Next

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I WAS happily on the aged pension from 2009 to May 2017. I then took a job in Mt Isa for six months finishing on November 17. I reapplied for the pension a week later. It is now February and still nothing. As I had rented my home till July 2018, I am staying with my ex-husband for the interim. Consequently, I had questions I wanted to ask Centrelink. I have consistently been told I cannot ask clarifying questions of a person and must just put in the application online and they will let me know if I have it wrong! I have









pension, I received no assistance at all! Every time I rang Centrelink I was given different advice. I could be talking to offices in any part of Australia and there was absolutely no consistency. Often, the advice totally contradicted what I had heard previously. The phone calls were a saga. Each time I needed to call Centrelink (and it was often) I went to a phone box armed with cushion, book and Sudoku and sat on the cement floor of the phone box for up to an hour waiting for a response. If there was an office in the town it invariably took 30 minutes to an hour to be served. I realise my situation was a little unusual in that I was moving all the time but the time wasted and the contradictory advice received spoke of an organisation that was not organised! Bruce Reid


had to resubmit documents three times. I have finally started asking for stamped copies to show when I have submitted them. My local member tried ringing the local Centrelink and got no further. I am 73. I have been divorced for over 25 years – filling in “separated under one roof” forms which obviously relate to people in the family home just separating, seems pointless. My many questions now come down to one big question - is this death by starvation for seniors? What am I supposed to do for essentials like food, medication, health insurance? Medications for my heart (I have a pacemaker) are now $38 instead of $6. Yes, if the pension finally is back-paid and if I keep receipts, I can get that paid but where do I get the money to start? Susan Stephenson IT WAS disappointing to see so many pages allocated to the process of gaining access to the age pension. As stated in this article, the projected bill for age pensioners will rise to $52.3 billion within three years. Much of this will be from borrowed money. Surely it would be more responsible to provide information on how to self-fund retirement and avoid the pension, rather than inadvertently encouraging seniors to jump on the gravy train. Our taxes paid during our working lives went to provide roads, hospitals,

schools and other essential services. There was no guarantee of a pension for everyone after retirement. The pension was meant to provide for the vulnerable and those who had been unable to take responsibility for their retirement through illness or other reasons beyond their control. Desley Kassulke I FOUND your article interesting and timely. I qualified for the age pension five years ago and it was a relatively smooth process in 2013, done by paper form and seeing a staff member who checked all the relevant documents at the counter. Processing took a matter of weeks. Now, my partner and I have moved together to Queensland. We completed and posted the required change of relationship status form last March. This change can’t be done online. We heard nothing from Centrelink so entered the resulting changes of assets online months ago. We heard nothing until last month. Centrelink called to say that they have noted the changes and that we will receive notification. We were abruptly cut off, before it arrived. Pharmaceutical scripts now cost more despite the fact that I will be eligible for the Commonwealth Health Seniors Card as it is assessed on income, not assets. I wonder how long this will take? Cathy Hawes


March 2018 / YOUR TIME MAGAZINE 11

22/02/2018 9:46:23 AM


Let’s start at the very beginning If English is such a mongrel of a language, writes DAVID PARMITER, where and when did it all begin?


want to tell you about our linguistic parents. During the Iron Age, about 3000 years ago, as the nomadic movement of early humans spread westwards across Asia and into Europe, people began to utter the first words as a means of communication other than hand gestures. We refer to this language as IndoEuropean and there is, of course, no written record of it. However, there is evidence that some of the first people moved northwards and their speech developed into Hindi and Sanskrit. The latter exists today only in written form but you will be surprised to learn that their basic family words of “mother”, “father”, “sister” and “brother” are almost the same as in modern German, French, Spanish and Latin. Our language comes from the same tongue. Those words in Sanskrit were màter, pàter, bhràter and svàser or something like that. Then they wrote dēvas for God; and mahà for great, as in modern Hindi mahàrajah. Màntrah was a Sanskrit hymn or prayer; dant was a tooth; and yoga meant self-discipline. As the tribes moved westwards they

12 YOUR TIME MAGAZINE / March 2017

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developed into three main language groups: Gothic, Germanic and Romance (the last one later split into Latin, French and Spanish). Germanic developed further into High German (Bavarian) and Low German (Saxon and Dutch). In the British Isles, the original inhabitants were the Celts, whose vocabulary is still part of our language. Don’t get into a pub argument about that though! Any linguist will prove that this is true. The Celts were the last native people to resist the Romans – who called them the Wealas –meaning foreigners. The Wealish have never been defeated or overcome by another nation, including the Brits, the French or the Vikings. They are the only kingdom in the British Isles to have retained their independence and their native language to this day. Ask the locals to speak, and translate their language. Then, ask who was the last Welsh-English King. It might surprise you. Edward II, of course, intent on maintaining the tradition of keeping Wales within the English Kingdom, as it was then, while he was also trying to

keep the Scots at bay. It was he who first bestowed on his son the title of Prince of Wales which persists to this day. His motto is “Ich dien”, which means “I serve”, is upheld by HRH Prince Charles. Remember that the Picts and the Scots both had Celtic/Gaulish heritage and traditions from northern France (Brittany). Just listen to and enjoy the local dialects, from Scotland and Ireland.

Britannia was invaded first by the Romans in 54BC; then in about AD450 by the Angles, Saxons and Jutes. The Jutes settled in Kent and the Isle of Wight (meaning “Isle of Man” in old English); the Angles in the midlands and the north; and the Saxons in the south and west.

Hence the regional dialects, which survive to this day, especially in place names. “Ask for a pint at the bar and I can tell where you come from”. Hence we assume that family terms like mother, father, water etc are English but they are not. And Angle-land soon moved its first syllable from a high back vowel ‘a’ to a lower middle vowel ‘e’, and it became ‘Engelond. That was about 878 after Saxon King Alfred had defeated and expelled King Guthrum and the Danes, the last of the Viking invaders, at Edington. The main surviving words that remain from the pre-Christian English (Celtic) are the monosyllables, often linking-words like and, to, from and by; and some country words like broc (the badger), hecge (hedge) and wei (water/ river). We have the towns Weymouth and Weybridge, and even the stream of stars is called the Milky Way. Curiously, the word “wei” for water or river is found in languages all over the world, including Maori. Their word for water is “Wai” as in Waitangi, Waitomo, Wairake etc. Funny, that. Continued next month.


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Tram museum delivers a nostalgic journey The Brisbane Tramway Museum celebrates its 50th anniversary this year and a visit is a journey though time writes DOT WHITTINGTON.


et on five acres in Ferny Grove, the Brisbane Tramway Museum is a testament to the 90 dedicated volunteers who have been looking after it since 1968. Some of them are there for the love of tram history, others are members of the Ferny Grove Men’s Shed. Yes, this is definitely a place for the boys and it’s just as well they volunteer, as there is no fund great enough to pay for the hours of dedication and commitment so happily given in the carpentry workshop; in machining and electrics, to keep a selection of trams on the rails and restore many more. Silky oak and blackbean seats are lovingly restored, brass polished, engines cleaned. There’s always a job to be done. For the visitor, it’s a nostalgic journey. Although the first horsedrawn trams arrived in Brisbane in 1885, followed by the first electric tram in 1897. In 1944-45, with troops stationed in Brisbane and fuel rationing, passenger numbers peaked when 408 trams carried 160 million passengers. By 1949-50 there were 428 trams and by 1952, 108kms of track. The last trams left the city after midnight “to clear the drunks out”. The trams reached their zenith in the 1950s, when cars were still a luxury for

Volunteers at work. most families. Trams were the way to go. And go they did, all over the city, from Ashgrove to Bulimba, Bardon to Stafford, Salisbury to Clayfield, Mt Gravatt to Belmont and the Valley, Chermside to Enoggera, Rainworth to Kalinga, Toowong to the Grange and Balmoral to Ascot. The museum tells their story, from static displays of ticket punchers and conductor’s uniforms to signage (entertainment in itself) and tours of various trams. There’s even a mercury vapour rectifier, which looks like it came straight out of a science fiction movie. Containing two litres of mercury, it was used to break down 11,000 volts AC to 600DC for

operation of the trams. There is also 500m of useable track to ride on one of the three working trams. Plans to recreate a 1950s streetscape are now underway. The old signal box which was elevated over the street outside McWhirters at the corner of Wickham and Brunswick streets in the Valley is there, complete with its levers – and a toilet. The signalman could not leave his post during his eight hours on duty, so he worked beside a flush toilet inside his little signal box. There were a number of elevated boxes at busy junctions with complicated trackwork. It was the signalman’s job to use his elevated position to read the destination blind of an oncoming tram and set the points and signals to ensure it was on its correct path. This was done by levers which changed points and signals hydraulically. Thirty Sunbeam trolley buses were ordered from England in 1947, but didn’t arrive until 1950 because of post-war materials shortages. They were soon dubbed “whispering death” because nobody heard them coming. The trolley bus service ended just a few months before the trams in 1969 but a Sunbeam has been preserved.

Another treasure is the Scammel tractor truck. It was produced by the UK war office as an ammunition supply and towing vehicle for artillery and used at Tobruk and El Alamein to carry loads of 15 tons or more of ammunition. On February 19, 1945, the Australian Army sold it to Brisbane City Council which had it modified to assist in derailments and other tram and bus breakdowns. After 36 years it was retired and arrived at the museum in 1982. Nicknamed Scamp, it was driven under its own power from the city to its new home at Ferny Grove. The death knell for Brisbane trams sounded on September 28, 1962, when 65 trams were lost in a devastating fire at the Paddington depot. This sudden loss of almost one quarter of the tram fleet caused both immediate heartache and then lasting damage to Brisbane’s public transport system. The end finally came on April 13, 1969, when services ceased to Belmont, Ascot, Balmoral, Clayfield, Salisbury, New Farm, West End Dutton Park and Mount Gravatt. Brisbane Tramway Museum, 50 Tramway St, Ferny Grove. Visit

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March 2018 / YOUR TIME MAGAZINE 15

21/02/2018 11:18:24 AM


Journal a key to family research While researching her grandmother’s family PAMELA BERRY discovers one of her relatives had a copy of a comprehensive biography written by her great great grandfather.


rom a Lutheran background, my GGG escaped Prussia in the mid 1800s. His writing gave a great insight into his life. What’s your story? The best way to pass down your story is to maintain a life journal, writing notes or using photos and pictures in a diary. Some of the greatest minds maintained a life journal, including Isaac Newton, Abraham Lincoln, Leonardo Da Vinci and Winston Churchill. The movie Bridges of Madison County was based on memoirs from a life journal. By keeping your story on a daily basis, you will pass on something interesting and have something to look back on yourself. Don’t always rely on computerised notes as they become cumbersome and difficult to find if you are not good at filing. A written journal of your notes is important. Write down where you found information. Sometimes it’s easier to reflect on your notes and in most cases you will find something that you had missed. Maybe it will be one of those hallelujah moments that open up a closed door and

The mural by Mark Makhoul at Captain Burke Park, Kangaroo Point, references the value of a journal in recording history. everything suddenly falls in place. Journals are known to give you a record of the progress you’ve made toward your goals to keep you motivated in the long slog of actually reaching them. Your notes can be scanned and placed on the computer later in a package such as Evernote. Pamela Berry is from Getuit Graphics

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21/02/2018 11:17:41 AM


Strange, the game of the name Queensland towns have some unusual names, such as Blackwater, 1770, Texas, OK and Three Moon. DIANA HACKER investigates.


lackwater Creek was discovered and named by Ludwig Leichhardt in 1845 when he was trekking from Moreton Bay to Port Essington (Darwin). Coal deposits in the bed of the creek gave the water a black appearance. At the time, similar deposits of coal had already been discovered at Newcastle. A small township was established in 1886 to provide facilities for railway workers who were building the line from Rockhampton to Longreach and Winton. A Post Office was opened in July 1877. In more recent times, six open cut mines have been developed with a peak population of 6760 in 1991. The interesting tourist area of Blackdown Tableland is a reasonable drive from Rockhampton, with it being a further 74km to the town of Emerald. There are 37 towns in the world which have a number as a name, 20 of them in the county of Lincolnshire in England. More correctly spelt as Seventeen Seventy, the town of 1770 is located on a peninsula between the Pacific Ocean and Bustard Bay. The location was named by Captain Cook who landed in May 1770. During the search for fresh water Joseph Banks came across a very large

A cairn commemorates the landing of Captain Cook in May 1770 at Seventeen Seventy. bird which he named a bustard hence the name Bustard Bay. In the 21st century, the area is known as the Discovery Coast. It is half residential and half tourist, Lady Musgrave Island and its coral lagoon being close enough for day trippers. The National Parks of Deepwater, Eurimbula, Round Hill and Mount Colosseum are added attractions, especially for the overseas visitor. In the southwest, the McDougall brothers settled on an area of land and then went gold mining. Upon their return, they found that the run had been occupied by an unauthorized group of true squatters. Legal redress was undertaken and

eventually the run was handed back to the McDougalls. They named the area Texas as a reference to the dispute between the USA and Mexico over the present-day state of Texas. The township is just 2km north of the New South Wales/ Queensland border. A major tributary of the Burnett River is Three Moon Creek. The story goes that a traveller, camped beside one of the creek’s deep and long lagoons, went for water on a moonlit night. He observed three moons. One in the sky, one reflected in the water of the lagoon and a third reflected in his billy can. Possibly the most unusual name for a town came from OK, a popular brand of jam which was a staple in mining camps. A rich copper deposit was found by John Munroe in September 1901, 35 miles north-north-west of Mungana in the Chillagoe district west of Cairns. OK was reputedly a rip-roaring settlement with fights, shootings and stabbings common. There were five hotels and a general store. The one policeman, a trooper, Mick O’Toole, had no jail so his prisoners were chained to a tree. Women were scarce and for a long

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time Mrs McNairn, who was in charge of the mess at the smelter in 1905, was the only woman in town. When other women arrived, the town became more orderly. Fever took many lives as the hospital was just a tent, unlike Stannary Hills, another mining town on the Atherton Tableland, which had a well-equipped hospital and competent doctor. Initially ore was carried by camel train, although a railway line eventually reached Mungana in 1910. Until then, up to 500 camels had been used to carry the ore back to the Mungana smelter. Many camels died from eating the leaves of the ironwood tree which was poisonous. In 1906, a dozen traction engines which burnt wood were bought and piles of timber at one mile intervals were placed beside the road from Mungana to OK. Trooper O’Toole, riding his camel, would take on any horse rider who took up the challenge to race. In 1910 the price of copper dropped worldwide and the mine closed. Diana Hacker is archivist for the Queensland Women’s Historical Association based at Miegunyah in Bowen Hills. Visit




Images shown above are artist impressions for illustrative purposes only. It may depict items not provided by Nikenbah Constructions Pty Ltd, such as furniture.

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March 2018 / YOUR TIME MAGAZINE 17

21/02/2018 11:22:15 AM


Cater for life’s changes The Wholesome Cook MARTYNA ANGELL discusses the best foods to cope with menopause and andropause and to deal with the natural decline in the body’s physiological functions, in this extract from her new book Recipes for Life’s Seasons.


owards the latter part of the adult years both women and men experience hormonal changes that can directly affect their physiological and emotional wellbeing. The underlying principles for both men and women during this time is to continue a varied diet rich in nutrients, with a particular focus on vegetables and fruit, whole grains and foods such as dairy, to support bone density loss associated with this period. This is moreso in women but affects older adult men as well. Smoking and excessive consumption of sugar, alcohol and fried foods is discouraged as it has strong links to degenerative conditions including cancer and can affect emotional health as well.

to the sun. Magnesium found in spinach, beans, lentils, brown rice, nuts and seeds can help lessen the severity of mood swings.


MENOPAUSE A diet high in fruits and vegetables (including cooling veg such as cucumbers, lettuce, radish, cabbage and fruit such as coconut, melons, citrus and pineapple to counteract hot flushes), soy foods, fish and wholegrains such as brown rice, millet and buckwheat has shown to decrease menopause symptoms significantly. Fermented soy products such as miso, tempeh and tamari can be of benefit here too, and are easier to digest than unfermented soy foods such as soybeans, milk and tofu, but if you’re okay consuming unfermented soy, then you should continue to do so. Many women going through menopause, indeed, admit to reducing their red meat intake (which is warming) in favour of extra servings of fish and seafood, which have a cooling effect on the body. This could also be linked to the

Recognising changing dietary needs across the generations are the author’s mother Jolanta and daughter Mia. fact that red meat is one of the essential food sources of body-made testosterone (male hormone), which is already higher than usual in women going through menopause. Fish then becomes a good source of protein without the hormonal overload, instead supplying the body with essential anti-inflammatory omega-3. Other micronutrients that may assist in preventing or reducing the risk of osteoporosis in women are calcium, vitamin K and vitamin D, which is synthesised by the body when exposed

Andropause, the male equivalent of menopause, is marked by a testosterone decline in adult men with symptoms including low energy levels, depression, reduced muscle mass, decreased bone density, increased weight and erectile dysfunction. Some of these symptoms are similar to those of diabetes so it is important to have the underlying cause diagnosed properly by a healthcare professional. Including regular servings of red meat, which is one of the essential food sources of body-made testosterone as well as plant-based protein sources such as beans, legumes and grains, can assist in maintaining strength and muscle mass. Regular servings of vitamin-K and calcium-rich foods along with frequent but short bursts of sun exposure to facilitate vitamin D synthesis in the body can promote better bone health as well. Men should continue to include a wide variety of vegetables, fruit, nuts and seeds in their diet to increase antioxidant and fibre intake, beneficial to fighting off free radicals in the body. In addition to this, some foods can have a positive effect on increased blood circulation and may assist in preventing or reducing the effects of erectile dysfunction. These include beetroots, tomatoes, leafy greens, shellfish, watermelon, papaya, garlic and red cabbage, many of which are also beneficial for prostate health.

FUELLING OLD AGE (60+) With older age comes a natural decline in the body’s physiological functions. This includes decreased muscle tone and increase in fat deposits which can affect mobility and vitality, loss of teeth and reduced saliva production which affects the first stages of digestion, increased blood pressure, diminished bone density and osteoporosis, eye health and cognition issues, and lower immunity. It is in part related to the oxidative process of ageing and to reduced intake and variety of food in general at this age. Although the requirement for food and energy (calories) decreases, micronutrient requirements are often great at this life stage to support health and slow the decline in physiological functions. While vitamin and mineral supplementation is often recommended, it might be of most benefit to focus attention on consuming more nutrientdense foods in smaller portions and, more often, to make the process less overwhelming.

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BENEFITS SPRING FROM TAIJI QIGONG Dennis Harrison and his wife Kathy had no sooner arrived at the Village Coorparoo Retirement Centre in 2013, than he took up teaching Taiji Qigong. It is a series of simple but effective exercises, also known as Shibashi, which are suitable for all ages and physical abilities. After four years in the role, he has 35 participants over two classes each Friday morning. Dennis learnt from the Australian Academy of Tai Chi and studied Qigong under Master Jirong Zhang. He began teaching in 1995, conducting classes at the Feldencrais Learning Centre in West End. “I aim to teach the principles of good posture, breathing, feeling, awareness and balance,” he says. “Gaining energy on the expansive in-breath and the dissipation of energy on the exhalation, the letting go. It is becoming comfortable and at peace with our bodies, knowing how to respect them and the movement we are all capable of.” Dennis finds the hardest thing is getting people to relax and feel good. “We live in a stressful society with so many demands on our time. It is so important to just take time out, time for self,” he says. “Unfortunately, as we age our risk of a debilitating fall increases but we can take active measures to minimise the risk by building our awareness of balance, maintaining good posture and

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Kris Saunders of the Zig Zag Women’s Resource Centre receives a cheque from Dennis Harrison.


developing weight transfer through the feet.” He also recommends staying off the mobile phone, to live the moment with complete consciousness. “You’re retired for heaven’s sake, slow up and enjoy the present,” he says. “It is the only thing you can control.” A $2 donation is made for each class and, once it adds up, donated to a charity chosen by the class. The group has donated more than $5000 to seven different charities. “By giving to a charity this completes the trilogy of mind, body and spirit through participation in the class. It’s good karma,” he says. “Participation in activities such as Taiji Qigong keep us connected to each other and, through our donations, to the broader community.”

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March 2018 / YOUR TIME MAGAZINE 19

22/02/2018 11:56:09 AM


Are you happy with your skin? Like everything in life, things start to wear out as they age and our skin is no different, writes MIMI GYERGYAK.


e are all ageing and everything is slowing down. All of our organs are feeling the wear and tear of the years, and begin to fail. We go to have a regular checkup for blood pressure and heart conditions, yet we forget our skin, which is just as important as any other organ. It’s time to get serious. The skin is the largest organ and like all the others, it also starts to show wear and tear. Unlike the other organs, it’s one that is easily overlooked for a checkup because it is not life-threatening, although it can threaten lifestyle. This can often be because we confuse it with cosmetics. We think it is only about trying to look younger when in fact it is about treatment and care of the largest organ in our body. At a checkup, professionals can pick up what may be out of balance by how it looks – uneven melanin or liver spots (sun damage) or confusion that the dark circles under the eyes are a pigment problem when they may be as simple as not drinking enough water. Just as liver problems – hepatitis, jaundice – can cause the skin to turn

Dermatherapy is not just a simple facial, it’s about treating the skin. yellow, so it can also provide a sign of other problems with the skin. They are called liver spots because liver can cause discolouration of the skin, telling us that something is out of balance – it may be the melanin levels are out of balance, hydration levels low or the collagen levels down. There is a lot of pleasure in having a nice, relaxing facial, but often this is not

actually about treating the skin. I do not pretend to be a doctor, but I do know about skin and dermatherapy should not be confused with cosmetics; it’s therapy not cosmetic. We live in a climate that is very harsh for the skin and sun damage can be caused without it being an issue that needs to be recognised by a skin cancer clinic.

The biggest problem for the skin profession is there is no test available to check it against, like there is, for example, with a skin cancer checkup. There is no sign on the skin that immediately calls for treatment to improve it. But it is not just about sun damage. Hydration is important to not just looking good but also feeling good. I have found that some people can live a whole life without being happy with their skin, never knowing how great it feels to have good skin. They have never had a moisturiser that is absorbed into the skin so it does not feel heavy and oily and sweaty on their face. When this happens, the moisturiser is not even really improving the skin. What makes me happiest is having people come back and tell me they are looking forward to going to the bathroom to do their skin routine because it feels so good to be giving their skin some treatment. The end result is looking and feeling great – but don’t forget that beauty always comes from within.

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21/02/2018 11:20:52 AM


Fast fashion goes on the back burner Fashion implies change but, writes KAY McMAHON, the introduction of “fast” fashion with its focus on quick, multiple deliveries of cheap-as-possible on-trend garments, has dehumanized the industry.


he fast fashion system has undervalued, environmentally challenged, and saddened those of us who love what clothing can do for our individuality, roles in society and happiness. Enter now the Slow Clothing movement and a local, passionate exponent Jane Milburn of Textile Beat. “Slow Clothing is a philosophy. It is a way of thinking about, choosing and wearing clothes to ensure they bring meaning, value and joy,” says Jane. With an Agricultural Science degree plus a background in journalism, Jane has come to the meaning of clothing and fashion from an unusual pathway. Her understanding of the implications of how natural and synthetic fabrics are made, her love of sewing inherited from her home-economics teacher mother and her personal journey for finding meaning in what we wear, has focused her purpose. “My stake in the ground began in 2013,” she said. “I decided to only wear second-hand clothes and only wear natural fibres.” Jane has a holistic approach to life and her wearing of clothes. Fashion to her is


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Jane Milburn at work “window dressing” and she says: “Our clothes do for us on the outside what food does inside. They protect and warm our bodies, and influence the way we feel and present to the world”. She believes only a change of culture and language can change the fashion system and its inherent environmental, economic and ethical challenges. With this in mind, Jane is spreading the word by conducting workshops, talking at conferences and selfpublishing her book Slow Clothing: finding meaning in what we wear.

The book has factual information on the challenges of sustainable clothing but offers positive and practical stories, projects and advice on how we can all become part of the movement. For those of us over 50 who were taught how to mend, sew and upcycle old garments, she believes we should be passing on these skills to our children and grandchildren. In the book she describes and illustrates many DIY techniques such as darning, hand-stitching, sewing on a button, patching, and how to revive and dye old or second-hand garments. Jane’s workshops also focus on these skills and she’s finding there are plenty of 20-somethings embracing the skills. Surprisingly, the workshops are also attended by men keen to become independent and autonomous when it comes to caring for clothes. Jane’s manifesto encapsulates the practicalities for embracing the Slow Clothing movement. Think: make thoughtful, ethical, informed choices. Natural: treasure fibres from nature and limit synthetics. Quality: buy well once, quality

remains after price is forgotten. Local: support local makers, those with good stories and fair trade. Few: live with less, have a signature style, minimal wardrobe, unfollow. Care: mend, patch, sort, sponge, wash less, use cold water, line dry. Make: learn how to sew as a life skill, value DIY and handmade. Revive: enjoy vintage, exchange, pre-loved, and swapping. Adapt: upcycle, refashion, eco-dye, create new from old. Salvage: donate, pass on, rag, weave, recycle or compost. Finally, for those fashion customers who continually tell me they’ve paid too much for something, I leave you with Jane’s thoughts: “Until we make something for ourselves to wear, we cannot appreciate the resources, time and skill that go into the clothes we buy”.

Jane Milburn’s book is at The Book Depository or

March 2018 / YOUR TIME MAGAZINE 21

21/02/2018 11:26:37 AM


Third generation high spirited but well behaved Today’s Nissan Qashqai used to be the Nissan Dualis, a compact SUV which turned up in Australian showrooms a decade back, writes BRUCE McMAHON.


n mid-2014, Nissan sent out the second-generation of the high-riding hatchback with a badge change to Qashqai, as elsewhere in the world; apparently the real Qashqai are a collection of Middle Eastern tribes. Anyway, there’s now a third generation of this front-drive SUV which slots between Nissan’s individualistic, bug-eyed Juke and the more pragmatic X-Trail. The Qashqai is the one more for couples, young or old, and while previous versions have been one of Nissan’s most popular offerings on the local market, this one is better yet again. It will best suit those who appreciate a bit of a drive for this is no mush-mush machine; rather the Qashqai for 2018 is one of the more spirited SUVs in this ever-crowded part of the market. The extra dollop of character is served up by reworked chassis, suspension and steering, well-complemented here by Nissan’s electronic controls which brake wheels, with the deftest of touches, to help correct steering and suspension indiscretions. This is an SUV which doesn’t mind being hustled along over good and bad

roads. And in all this, whether pottering down the highway or punting down a back road, the Qashqai is surprisingly comfortable and compliant. Excellent ride comfort, low noise and vibration levels plus that responsive steering and competent chassis below combine to give the impression of a much larger vehicle. It is a sharp and solid SUV, well-sorted for all manner of roads. Along with the upgraded engineering

Waterfront luxury just metres from the new hospital & health hub.

That may appear an affectation to some, but in a compact SUV the flat bottom to the steering wheel makes accessing and exiting the driver’s seat that little easier. The wheel’s rim is also thicker than before, again a minor detail but one which enhances driver comfort and confidence in the Nissan’s steering. The base Qashqai, from $26,490, can be had with a six-speed manual. The other grades, through to the $37,990 Qashqai Ti, run with Nissan’s Constantly Variable Transmission. And while CVTs can be annoying – too much droning without enough forward progress in many – this is one of the best with a manual mode to step through the variable ratios, making it feel more like a conventional automatic. All are powered by a two-litre petrol engine with 106kW and 200Nm of power; driven with attention, fuel consumption could be under 8 litres per 100km. The 2018 Nissan Qashqai should continue to attract a deal of interest in its corner of the market. It is a well-sorted, well-built SUV with smart style and sharp road dynamics.

dynamics, the third-generation Qashqai takes on some exterior style changes including new bonnet, grille and headlights. It’s a classier look with a range of premium body colours offered. (The body’s also now a tad longer at 4.3 metres though it remains the same height at 1595mm and 1806mm in width. The Qashqai cabin has also had a little tidy up, most notably with a new D-shaped steering wheel.


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21/02/2018 11:26:10 AM

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21/02/2018 11:25:39 AM


Leisure begins at home in the rainforest


riginally from Melbourne, John and Denice Nash moved to Nature’s Edge Buderim to be closer to their daughter and her family – and they’ve never looked back. “Our favourite part of living at Nature’s Edge Buderim is being able to socialise with like-minded people in a village atmosphere,” Denice says. “There’s a real sense of community here and that’s pretty special.” In a major milestone, the $3.5 million Leisure Centre at Nature’s Edge Buderim is now fully completed and residents are enjoying the new facilities. There’s a 20m swimming pool, cinema, library and lounge, Japanese teppanyaki barbecue and deck and indoor dining, bar and activities room with a grand piano, fireplace and bar. Over 50s can buy a spacious architecturally-designed home within a secure gated community in the Buderim

John and Denice enjoying the 5-star Leisure Centre.

foothills. There are no exit fees and residents keep all the capital gain if they decide to sell. There are currently two stunning display homes available for viewing, with a third nearing completion. The homes showcase the affordable luxury lifestyle and spectacular finishes, 8-star energy ratings and solar panels. Call 1800 218 898 to organise a tour; email or visit

STEP IN A NEW DIRECTION FOR DEMENTIA CARE PEOPLE are chatting in the café, doing the daily grocery shop, at the cinema, hairdresser or gym, feeding the chickens, or enjoying a neighbourhood barbecue. It sounds like any small, friendly community but NewDirection Care at Bellmere is different because many of the residents are seniors with complex care needs, including younger onset dementia. “I researched and spent a lot of time looking at the things that work and the things that make people happy and that’s how I created this model at NewDirection Care,” said founder and CEO Natasha Chadwick, who has more than two decades’ experience in aged care. “I stopped to think what if it was my own mum what I would want for her.” The result is a world-first, a microtown, inclusive community that provides freedom of movement, independence and choice for the elderly and those living with dementia. Many people living with dementia move into nursing homes with impersonal and institutional settings.

NewDirection Care has 17 homes spread across several streets, gardens, barbecue areas and a retail precinct. Residents live in seven-bedroom houses designed on one of six lifestyles, from country living to modern urban. “We don’t focus on a person’s diagnosis. We look at their lifestyle and who that person is and then they’re placed in a house according to that, not their diagnosis,” chief operations officer Dr Alasdair MacDonald said. They are assisted by multi-skilled house companions who do not wear uniforms and who offer relationshipbased support and care.

CATERING QUEEN REIGNS AT HALCYON IT really is Fri-YAY at Halcyon Glades when the community’s catering queen, Mary Anne Messer, serves up dinner for her fellow home owners. As the social group’s kitchen coordinator, Mary Anne plans and prepares scrumptious two-course dinners every second Friday night in the community’s Long House Recreation Club. Assisted by the club’s fully equipped commercial kitchen and her offsider Penne Bowles, Mary Anne whips up dozens of delicious meals – for just $10 a head – as owners gather for Happy Hour. “I worked in catering at the Queensland Performing Arts Centre for 10 years and I also worked for Pizza Hut,”

Mary Anne said. “My family had a café in Rockhampton and then a grill bar at the Doomben races where I worked from the age of 13. “And my grandparents had hotels, so you could say it’s in the blood.” And on those Friday nights when she takes a break from the kitchen, Mary Anne organises takeaway meals to be delivered or helps other Glades’ interest groups run a community barbecue.

HOME ON THE RANGE KEN and Angela and their pup Lilly are excited about moving into their new home at Living Gems Over 50s Lifestyle Resort in Maleny. Angela says she was impressed with the recreational facilities, especially the undercover lap pool and heated spa, while Ken’s interest is in the snooker club and taking up lawn bowls. Both are keen to make new friends, especially at the Friday night residents Happy Hour. Their move from Tingalpa to Maleny was to escape the city rat race and live in the fresh mountain air, but also because Living Gems Maleny, one of the many award-winning Living Gems Resorts, was a small secure over 50s

active lifestyle resort with affordable home prices. Living Gems Maleny is having an Open Day on March 11, 10am-4pm for visitors to wander through the resort, inspect the recreational facilities, meet the residents, and inspect the homes for sale. As well as the recreational facilities there is a free courtesy bus, meal a week, and the security of on-site management. Living Gems Maleny is set on 14 tranquil acres, with views of the countryside and Glass House Mountains. Visit or or call Christina 5429 6108 Call 1800 978 288,

IN-HOME CARE OFFERS A HELPING HAND PROVIDERS of home care services have seen it all, so they understand the challenges and how easy it is to let simple things like housework get on top of you. Those living alone can quickly find that a change in health or circumstances will be isolating, which further affects health and wellbeing. Frank, 82, lived alone without assistance and he was doing a good job of it until he had a stroke. Other health complications set in and Frank quickly realised he could no longer do it all.

In December 2017, Frank called Just Better Care who met with him to understand his needs and identify areas for support. Frank is fiercely independent, but was happy to give up some of the everyday chores. He was helped with the purchase of a mobility scooter through his home care package, which ended his health-imposed social isolation. He now enjoys a leisurely trip down to the Noosa River for a coffee. For Frank, engaging the services of a home care provider was life changing.

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One stop shop for Seniors moving forward 24 YOUR TIME MAGAZINE / March 2017

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21/02/2018 11:25:00 AM


Sift information and avoid the angst Every investor needs a filter, writes BRIAN MOONEY, and he isn’t talking about cigarettes or water.


n early February, we saw a pullback in sharemarkets around the world. The Australian market (ASX 200) had not long before jumped the 6000 mark. The US market was humming like a new Lamborghini. Then, smack! The market fell and many were spooked. On Monday, February 5, the US sharemarket as measured by the Dow Jones Index had its biggest-ever one day points fall. Naturally the media had a field day doing their very best to cause heartache and pain to all Australian investors, which is the majority of our adult population. The thing is, the US sharemarket, is at an all-time high, so talking about a fall measured in points is grossly misleading, particularly when comparing to past falls. To put it in perspective, the US market fell 4 per cent on that day in February and there have been 37 larger one day percentage falls since 1980. Even more to the point, in 1987 the market fell 508 points which was a 22.6 per cent drop on one day. With the Dow Jones Index now around 25,000, a 1000 point fall as experienced last month is only 4 per cent of the market. The chart shows the Dow Jones Index over the past 12 months. The falls in February basically took back all of the

gains since December, and the Index still rose substantially over the 12 months taking the recent setback into account. More broadly speaking, global shares rose 19 per cent in 2017, and while the recent volatility took some of that back, still substantially better returns than bank accounts or term deposits. I was at a seminar recently (we financial planners have to spend a lot of time increasing our knowledge and keeping up to date with market and legislative changes), where one of the PIMCO executives was talking about interest rates and their view is that in Australia, our cash rate, which is currently 1.5 per cent, will probably only increase to 3 percent or slightly more in the medium term. That means cash investments will continue to erode your capital because, for by far the majority of people, the interest income will be inadequate. By the way PIMCO is one of the largest and most successful Fixed Interest managers in the world. I spend considerable time in the early meetings with new clients educating them about markets, volatility, income growth, tax, inflation, diversification and the list goes on. I explain to them that for most Australians their view of the sharemarket is akin to having a bet on the TAB, mostly

now done on a smart phone. So what is this filter that I mentioned? The way I explain is like this: Today we have talked about the facts of investing, it is important to know that in our journey ahead, you will hear, watch and read many things that will possibly cause you angst. Firstly, the media love to promote bad news because that gets people reading, listening and watching. Quite often the facts are not correct or there is an overlay of considerable emotion. A case in point, in June 1998, the Financial Review (Australia’s most credible financial publication) had a front page headline that read, “The $52 billion stock market wipe out.� The market had fallen 1.5 per cent the previous day, slightly significant, but certainly not catastrophic. Wipe out means total obliteration, gone, not here today. The market continued to exist and has done comfortably well ever since. That headline, is misleading and, in fact, a lie. It is these uninformed or maybe intended headlines or media presentations that

cause investors to stress unnecessarily. Secondly, we all communicate with other people and quite often at the club, a friend’s house or a barbecue. Someone we know and trust might tell us something that isn’t accurate. Maybe they heard it on the radio or someone else told them. They have good intentions but it can influence your way of thinking which might not be logical. As Warren Buffet says, “the most important quality for an investor is temperament, not intellect.� Or put another way in one of his most famous quotes, “be fearful when others are greedy and be greedy when others are fearful.� In other words, the successful investor does the opposite to what most people are doing. This article was written on 14 February. At that time I had no idea where the market might move between then and when you read this. Brian Mooney is a Certified Financial Planner and Authorised Representative of Logiro. Email:

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March 2018 / YOUR TIME MAGAZINE 25

21/02/2018 11:24:35 AM


Simple guide to liver cleansing Your health and well-being are totally reliant on how well your body removes and purges toxins, advises TRUDY KITHER, so it is essential to keep the liver functioning properly.


he main way that the body rids itself of toxins is through the liver and it’s one of the hardest working organs in the body. It consistently works to detoxify our blood; produce the bile needed to digest fat; break down hormones; and store essential vitamins, minerals and iron. When liver function is not optimal, we cannot digest our food properly, especially fats. Essential functions of the liver include regulating blood composition to balance protein, fat and sugar; breaking down and metabolizing alcohol and medications; removing toxins from the bloodstream; storing minerals, iron and vitamin A; destroying old red blood cells; producing essential chemicals to help blood clot properly and producing essential proteins and cholesterol. For the liver to take care of the body, it must be able to perform optimally. Today, we are faced with many environmental toxins in our homes, places of work and food supply. Some of the risk factors associated with impaired liver function are low potassium levels; moderate to high alcohol consumption; blood transfusions

prior to 1992; exposure to certain industrial chemicals and environmental toxins; obesity and a diet high in saturated fats, and processed foods; high levels of triglycerides in the blood; prescription medications including some over the counter medications; viral infections and autoimmune diseases. If you notice any of these symptoms you could be suffering from impaired liver function: Bloating and gas, acid reflux and heartburn, excessive sweating, moodiness, anxiety or depression, dark urine, constipation, skin and/or eyes that are yellowish, inability to lose weight, high blood pressure, rosacea, fatigue, bruise easily and poor appetite. It is important to consider these symptoms if you identify with one or more of the risk factors mentioned above. By doing a liver cleanse, you can improve your liver function and start to feel better in just a couple of weeks by following these simple steps: 1. Remove toxic foods from your diet If you are eating a diet high in processed foods, you are putting the health of your liver at risk. Hydrogenated oils, refined sugar, convenience foods and deli meats


Queensland Health

are notoriously toxic to your system. Hydrogenated oils, also known as “trans fats,” have higher levels of saturated fat. The chemical structure of the oil itself has been altered to increase shelf life. Consumption of trans fats dramatically increases the risk for heart disease by 25 percent or more. Added nitrates and nitrites, commonly found in convenience foods, fast foods and deli meats, have been linked to serious health conditions. These chemicals are used to preserve foods to make them last longer, inhibit bacteria growth and preserve color. Replace these foods immediately with healthy choices. 2. Drink raw vegetable juice It can be nearly impossible to eat all of the raw vegetables you need to make your liver cleanse effective. Yet by juicing a variety of raw vegetables, you can easily get the 4–5 servings of fresh, organic vegetables you need. With impaired liver function, juicing vegetables has the added benefit of making the vegetables easier to digest and more readily available for absorption. Vegetables help to reduce acid levels in the body, to create a better pH balance.

3. Increase potassium-rich foods The recommended potassium level per day is 4700mg. Are you getting enough? Chances are, you aren’t. Potassium-rich foods help to lower systolic blood pressure, lower cholesterol and support a healthy cardiovascular system, in addition to helping cleanse your liver. 4. Take high quality St Mary’s thistle, dandelion and liver cleansing herbs St Mary’s thistle helps to eliminate the buildup of heavy metals, prescription medications, environmental pollutants and alcohol in the liver. It also helps to reduce the negative effects on the liver after chemotherapy and radiation. The active ingredient silymarin helps to strengthen the cell walls in the liver, while supporting healthy regeneration. Dandelion root has a natural diuretic effect, allowing the liver to more quickly eliminate toxins. It also helps strengthen the immune system, balance blood sugar levels and relieve heartburn. Trudy Kither is a registered naturopath. For a copy of Simple Steps to the Liver Cleanse, email Trudy at

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21/02/2018 11:23:31 AM


Polio survivor advises of late effects



hen Eric Rushton started experiencing fatigue, muscle weakness and difficulty swallowing, he chalked it up to part of the ageing process. Despite receiving the same conclusion from his doctor, Eric decided to investigate as his condition continued to worsen. After a visit to a rehabilitation specialist, he discovered he was experiencing returning symptoms of polio, a disease he was diagnosed with when he was just two years old. “I wasn’t aware polio was something you could mostly recover from only to have symptoms return decades later,” he said. An estimated 25 to 40 per cent of polio survivors will experience a return of symptoms decades after their original experience with the disease. “Thanks to vaccination efforts, polio has become an after-thought for many Australians,” Eric said. “However, there are many of us who still feel its impact.” Eric has teamed up with Queensland disability advocacy group Spinal Life Australia to raise awareness of the late effects of polio to GPs and the community.

Eric Rushton whose childhood polio has returned to haunt him. “Understanding my condition was an important first step. Most people who have been through polio may not be aware that it can still affect them at a later age,” he said. “One of my biggest recommendations for survivors is to share their polio history with their GP so they can be fully informed on treatment options and

consider a referral to a rehabilitation specialist.” To help raise awareness of the late effects of polio, Eric conducts free presentations to organisations such as Rotary, Lions, Apex and Probus. “Spinal Life Australia and myself are working to raise awareness and encourage polio survivors to discuss their symptoms and medical history with their health practitioners,” he said. “We also work to connect with other polio survivors for support and friendship.” Eric said living through polio was a traumatic time for many people, mainly because of the painful treatment methods and social isolation that came with a disease that was not fully understood until years later. “If there is one message I want to convey to polio survivors, it’s that the stigma around polio has gone and there are many people who understand your experience more than you know,” he said. “Reaching out to others for support can make a big difference.” For more information on the late effects of polio, visit postpolio or call 1300 774 625.



A new technique that uses artificial intelligence to accurately detect early Parkinson’s Disease in patients is being developed. In a world-first for Parkinson’s diagnosis, 68-year-old retiree Warwick Adams, a School of Computing and Mathematics PhD student at the Charles Sturt University, said his research found a method to analyse the patterns in a person’s finger movement as they type on a computer. The test has a 97 per cent accuracy rate, which significantly out-performs GPs, who often have a high misdiagnosis rate. “The significance of this new technique is that it’s not only much more accurate, but it can be used in a home environment and does not require supervision by a medical specialist.” Mr Adams said. He said his invention would be developed into a full diagnostic suite that can be accessed via the web. “The benefits will be an earlier detection of Parkinson’s, as well as the ability to monitor the effects of medication and the progression of the disease over time,” said Mr Adams who is completing a thesis on the detection of movement-related diseases. Parkinson’s Disease affects 70,000 Australians, primarily over the age of 60.

Statistics reveal that one in eight women will be diagnosed with breast cancer before reaching the age of 85. As the two main risk factors for developing breast cancer are being a woman and getting older, the Queensland Government is advising women how important it is to understand the value of regular breastscreens. BreastScreen Queensland provides free screening for women, without breast cancer symptoms, from the age of 40. Women aged between 50 and 74 are especially recommended to have a breastscreen every two years and those women wanting to screen beyond 74 are welcome to do so. All BreastScreen Queensland radiographers are women and a doctor’s referral is not needed for this free service. Queensland women can register online to receive screening results and other correspondence electronically, and update their personal details. BreastScreen Queensland Brisbane Northside services are located at Chermside, Indooroopilly, Keperra, North Lakes and Kippa-Ring. Call 132 050 or visit

MORE than eight in 10 Australian health professionals believe it is important to talk to heart attack survivors about sexual activity and intimacy, yet fewer than one in four do so regularly, new findings reveal. The Heart Foundation is urging patients and health professionals to put any embarrassment aside and talk about sexual activity and intimacy. Heart Foundation Queensland Health Director Rachelle Foreman said that resuming sexual activity and, just as importantly, emotional intimacy, were important for quality of life for patients and their partners. New analysis of the survey of 251 health professionals around Australia, shows that health professionals are more comfortable discussing sexual activity and intimacy with women than with men. Just over half reported being comfortable discussing sexual activity and intimacy with people from all cultures and backgrounds, according to the 2017 survey “Heart attack survivors are worried about having another heart attack, performance, and over-exertion,” Ms Foreman said. “Depression, fatigue, a lack of cardiac fitness, pain or discomfort, and sexual dysfunction, including low libido, can also play a role. “Two out of three heart attack survivors tell us that having a heart attack had affected their sexual activity, yet only one in four had spoken with a health professional about it. That’s what prompted us to ask health professionals for their perspective, so that we could provide better information for both patients and health professionals.” Visit or 13 11 12.

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Email: March 2018 / YOUR TIME MAGAZINE 27

21/02/2018 11:29:55 AM



This is a forthright account of an Italian family’s escape from their homeland which was in political chaos. The year is 1947 just after the end of the Second World War. There was hatred and mistrust, their family land was annexed by the communist party and their own country was no longer safe. Lydia and her parents became refugees given free passage to Australia in exchange for a two-year work bond. The stand out part of this story for me was their inability to speak English and the father’s stubborn pride stopping him from seeking help. It became a real issue for him and he became morose and depressed, affecting everyone around him. There is so much to their warts and all journey written as a report, so I didn’t feel any spontaneous warmth until the very end.


Lidia’s autobiography is a fairly typical story of the mass exodus of Italians to Australia from the Istria region of Northern Italy which was annexed by General Tito and the Yugoslav communist government after World War II. Many were killed and most forced out of their homes. This part of the book was the most interesting section. Her memoirs of school, work marriage and children might be interesting to her family, but not so much to a wider audience. I found this book boring and it was a struggle to finish it.

BOOK review


Lidia Kardos shares her personal story about life as a refugee child in the 1950s and her family’s struggle to assimilate and embrace a new culture. Harsh conditions in Australia in the early 1950s, especially in the refugee camps of the Outback, were challenging for the young family. Through hard work and determination, they came to embrace the language and the culture. It is a familiar migrant story, that tells the tale of the force of war in a young girl’s life and her growing into an adult and assimilating into a culture not her own. Follow Lidia through her life and across continents.

It is not often that I do not finish reading a book but Train to Australia is one of them! I struggled through three-quarters of the book! I am sure it is a lovely story for the family involved but it did nothing for me. Sorry!

Train to Australia By Lidia Kardos


It is said that “there is a book in every person” and from my life experiences I believe that to be true. However, there is no guarantee that the book will be of broad appeal to others. Train to Australia is a familiar migrant story that mixes the challenges of embracing the language and culture of a new country with a difficult family and dormant feelings for the author’s birth country. No doubt Lidia Kardos has written an honest and comprehensive record of her life which I found unremarkable. Her determination to succeed in a new country is admirable but her return visit to Italy was the part of the book I enjoyed most.


MARY BARBER Lidia Kardos has done a remarkable job in bringing the tale of her Italian family to life on these pages in the war years and afterwards. I found it illuminating. It showed me the deeply personal impact that large scale political decisions, such as the creation of Yugoslavia, had on her family. Lidia is a good story-teller. You follow her life growing up, getting married and raising a family in Victoria. I particularly liked the episodes about fishing for eels and smoking them in the backyard. Another standout was learning how Lidia and her sons created their terrazzo floor in the new family room.

A Google search for Lidia Kardos will take you to a short YouTube video of Lidia explaining how she wrote her memoir at the urging of friends and family. It is a story of her adjustment to a harsh land in the 1950s, where no welfare meant work or starve and when a will of steel was needed to succeed and eventually prosper. Lidia’s writing style makes Train to Australia an easy read. The chapters are short (which I like), and cover life events. Life was incredibly hard compared with the life of many of us “born and bred” Aussies. Much is written about her unhappy marriage which Lidia finally ended. I would have liked to have read more about Steve, the love of her life, who is only briefly mentioned at the end of the book. Lidia certainly deserved to find happiness. Her story is a reminder to us that we each forge our own story with many twists and turns. This could inspire us to take the plunge and get started on our own memoirs!


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Inaugural Film Gala screens in Sandgate

THE inaugural Sandgate Film Gala launches on March 24, at the Sandgate Town Hall. It will comprise three sessions: Family Session: 1pm–3pm, films suitable for all ages selected by the Sandgate Film Gala event organisers, including animations, which screened at Heart of Gold Film Festival in 2017. History Session 4pm–6pm, a short talk about the history of cinema in the area and 60-70 minutes of old footage of Brisbane area. Gala Night, 7.30–11pm. Four films by local filmmakers that made the cut at HOG in 2017 will be screened: Dean Gibson’s Welcome to Country, Kim Lodington’s Remarkable, Mitch Kennedy’s Boggabilla Bus and Catherine Cox’s A Jaunty Jaunt. There will be a Q&A segment with the local filmmakers and the audience can then enjoy intermission with a drink from the bar.

This will be followed by the Heart of Gold Premium Selection screening compiled by the Heart of Gold Team. Patrons are invited to dress up for the evening in 1920s-1950s style to suit the decor and heyday of the Sandgate Town Hall and cinema. Organisers Leanne Palmer and Catherine Cox started this event after attending the Heart of Gold Festival (HOG) in Gympie last year. “We were so impressed that on returning, we decided to bring some of it to Sandgate, our hometown,” they said. “It grew from that idea into a whole bigger concept with multiple sessions, and some fanfare and extravagance.” They were particularly impressed by the HOG selection process. “Whether it’s quirky, whimsical or challenging, these movies are intended to touch the heart,” they said. “They offer a portrayal of humanity through snippets of imagery; little glimpses into little moments in time, but conveying big emotion.” Admission for all sessions is $33, concessions $26, or $10, concessions $8 for Historic Brisbane. All profits will benefit the Sandbag Community Centre. Tickets online at or visit Gala


Deborah Conway AUSTRALIAN stars, including Clare Bowditch, Deborah Conway, Emily Wurramara and Hannah Macklin, will join with some of the greatest voices from across the Commonwealth of Nations to celebrate women in music at the QPAC Concert Hall on April 8 at 7pm. Presented by WOW at Festival 2018 and Queensland Performing Arts Centre it will present the Songs That Made Me. Special guests include Fiji’s “Queen of Pop” Laisa Lualala Vulakoro, ShoShona Kish from Juno award-winning Canadian duo Digging Roots and Brisbane multicultural vocal ensemble The Verandah ChiX, backed by a sizzling all-women house band.

WOW (Women of the World) Festival was founded by the artistic director of London’s Southbank Centre Jude Kelly to celebrate women and girls and look at the obstacles that stop them from achieving their potential. It has become a global phenomenon with events taking place in more than 23 cities across six continents. WOW Executive Producer in Australia Cathy Hunt said WOW at Festival 2018 was a special celebration of the lives of women and girls around the Commonwealth of Nations created as part of the GC2018 Commonwealth Games arts and cultural program. Songs That Made Me asks each performer to also share stories of their personal influences, artistic journeys and landmark songs that have soundtracked their lives. Bookings

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March 2018 / YOUR TIME MAGAZINE 29

21/02/2018 11:28:09 AM



THE uplifting Songs of Hope and Healing benefit concert, which debuted in 2015, this year features Australian Eurovision Song Contest 2017 finalist and winner of X Factor 2016 Isaiah. Brisbane’s artistic community and popular guest soloists come together to raise funds to benefit young people of refugee backgrounds. Also on the program at QPAC’s Concert Hall Queensland’s chamber

orchestra Camerata and Tibetan musician and songwriter, Tenzin Choegyal along with Hoang Pham, Percussimo, Queensland Conservatorium Brass, The QPAC Choir, Children’s Health Qld Community Choir and FHEAL Community Choir. The concert will feature Botswana born community leader, Sharon Orapeleng, as MC, and Timothy Sherlock as music director. Songs of Hope and Healing is presented by QPAC to raise funds for Friends of the Home of Expressive Arts and Learning (FHEAL). FHEAL’S mission is to provide direct relief from distress and enhance education and cultural integration for refugee adolescents. Formed in 2012, FHEAL assists and advocates for the important mental health work provided by services such as HEAL (Home of Expressive Arts and Learning) at Milpera State High School, which has been providing creative therapy since 2004. QPAC Chief Executive Mr John Kotzas said the centre was pleased to support FHEAL and its mission to assist Brisbane based young people of refugee backgrounds through creative arts therapy. QPAC Concert Hall, March 27. Bookings or call 136 246.

EXHIBITION FEATURES ANIMALS OF WAR AUSTRALIAN military history abounds with accounts of how important animals have been during times of war. Until June 30, the Army Museum South Queensland is presenting an exhibition titled Animals at War, which will appeal to both animal lovers and historians. It includes tributes to the pigeons, dogs, camels, horses, mules and donkeys from World War I forward. In Vietnam and Afghanistan, many Diggers relied on their beloved working dog mates and these stories are explored

and illustrated. Tours are on Wednesdays only by individuals or groups and must be pre-booked. The price of $15 a person includes the exhibition, an escorted tour of Victoria Barracks precinct on Petrie Terrace, a formal Devonshire tea served in the original Officers’ Mess, souvenir booklet and group photo. To book or learn more visit call Bev Smith 0429 954 663 or email

SAVOYARDS PRESENT GREAT COMEDY THE Savoyards promise a great night of theatre at I Love You, You’re Perfect, Now Change. A celebration of “the relationship”, a comical musical to set audiences laughing and even reminiscing, about the truths and myths surrounding the mating game, is being presented by the Savoyards at Manly March 17-25. The production premiered offBroadway in 1996, and explores the journey from dating and waiting to love and marriage. It reveals the agonies and triumphs of in-laws and newborns, trips in the family car and pick-up techniques of the older set.

This hilarious revue pays tribute to those who have loved and lost, to those who have fallen on their face at the portal of romance, and to those who have dared to ask, “Say, what are you doing Saturday night? I Love You, You’re Perfect, Now Change opens at the STAR Theatre, Peel St, Manly for a season of only five performances from 17 – 25 March. Savoyards is an amateur theatre company providing high quality, large scale musical theatre productions. Bookings are now open via the new dedicated ticketing platform at or call 3893 4321.


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22/02/2018 9:42:10 AM



THE Sandgate and District Museum presents a program of guided walks throughout the local area each year, providing an opportunity to learn about the Sandgate community, the early settlers, and the area’s growth. Museum volunteers says it is the

perfect way for walkers to acknowledge the past, celebrate the present and look to the future. COMING WALKS ARE: March 11 and April 21, 9.30am, Peep into the Past, a walk viewing the historic homes of Sandgate. April 14, 9.30am, Discover the Heritage at Bald Hills Cemetery and share damper and billy tea after the walk. Walks later in the year will include The Dowse Lagoon Nature Trail, and Shorncliffe Pier and Moora Park History. ll of the walks are rated “easy” and take about two hours. Cost is $25 and includes morning tea. Bookings essential, leave a message at 3869 2283 or call 0410 327 095.



DISCOVER the web of life along the Sandgate foreshore and tidal flats with Laurie’s Beach walk. The walks are sponsored by Keep Sandgate Beautiful and are named for Laurie Jeays in recognition of his environmental interest and work in the community. Walks are Tuesday, March 13, 1pm, Thursday April 26,12.30pm and Tuesday, May 22, 9am. The walks are free but bookings are essential. Call 0410 327 095

St Luke’s Theatre Society presents the comedy First Things First this month. Panic sets in when Pete’s first wife, reportedly killed in an accident, suddenly arrives alive and well, looking to resume married life. There is the problem of a second wife and an irate mother-in-law. Bookings open now. The company is based at St Lukes’ Church Hall, cnr Sexton St and Ekibin Rd Tarragindi. Opens March 16. Visit

The untold story of Mary Magdalene who had the strength to go against her family and give up everything to follow Jesus, is coming to the big screen this month. Set in the Holy Land in the first century, she leaves her small fishing village and traditional family behind to join a radical new social movement. At its head is a charismatic leader, Jesus of Nazareth, who promises that the world is changing. Mary is searching for a new way of living, and an authenticity that is denied her by the rigid hierarchies of the

day. As the notoriety of the group spreads, Mary’s spiritual journey places her at the heart of a story that will lead to the capital city of Jerusalem, where she must confront the reality of Jesus’ destiny and her own place within it. Your Time has five double passes to Mary Magdalene to be won. Simply email with your postal address so passes can be in the mail as soon as possible. Passes are valid for most cinemas.

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March 2018 / YOUR TIME MAGAZINE 31

21/02/2018 11:34:54 AM

The WORLD in Your Hands

Travel in Your Time

Thai down a city or a beach

The Chao Phraya River flows through Bangkok


any Thai visitors will be returning for the second, third or 10th time because this country has a magical attraction. Part of the reason is that it appeals to all ages. I first visited when I was in my 20s. Now, decades later, I still love going there. My ideal Thailand visit consists of time in Bangkok and time at one of the beaches. Others will want to visit Chiang Mai and the northern mountains or the far-flung attractions of Isan in the northeast. Everywhere there are temples, markets, museums, friendly people and new experiences. What more could you ask for? Bangkok is a sprawling city of more than 10 million people and is the perfect introduction to Thailand,but be prepared for some cultural shock.

Most Australians find the heat, crowds, traffic, and sights and sounds somewhat overwhelming at first. Give it two days and it all starts to make sense. Traffic can be chaotic at times but the expanding underground and skyrail systems help you move around. Taxis are cheap and tuk-tuks, those three-wheeled kamikaze machines, can be fun for short distances. When I get near my destination, I like to walk. This is when you see the real Bangkok. Devote some time to see some of the best palaces, temples, museums and cultural shows in the whole country. Take a boat ride on the river, enjoy a Thai restaurant or simply eat on the street from mobile stalls, and enjoy a Thai massage. Bangkok has become one of the

Enjoy a naturally refreshing escape

world’s best shopping venues so check out the spectacular upmarket stores and malls as well as the weekend market and one of several daily night markets. When it comes to accommodation, there is endless choice from 5-star to budget. Where you stay has some influence on what you will see, so consider your priorities. There is no best area or hotel for everyone. If luxury accommodation, staying by the river and being close to some of the city’s historical and cultural attractions is what you need, consider The Siam ( for your accommodation. It is set in lush gardens and the suites and villas, the spa and wellness facilities, and the several restaurants all contribute to making this a private urban sanctuary after a long day sightseeing, shopping or touring. Believe me, you will need it! Koh Samui is my personal favourite among Thailand’s well-developed islands. During the past 25 years, the island has changed from a backpacker’s paradise to a resort-goers’ dream. Koh Samui is ringed by beaches – some almost deserted, others quite developed. Most have clean white sand and all have good quality water. Away from the beaches you can visit the Big Buddha Temple, see the



Walking the beach, visiting an island, shopping the markets and enjoying a massage are just a few of the attractions that will encourage 35 million people to visit Thailand this year, writes LEN RUTLEDGE.

Bo Phut Resort and Spa

mummified monk with his sunglasses, watch monkeys pick coconuts and play basketball at the Monkey Theatre, and ride elephants in a jungle setting. Koh Samui has become a popular spa centre and some of the facilities are spectacular. The same can be said of many of the restaurants which have beach or cliff locations. Resorts are everywhere and it’s impossible to pick one which would suit everywhere. Some are on isolated beaches while others are close to the island’s town centres. The Bo Phut Resort and Spa ( is set in landscaped gardens and is a good compromise. It provides excellent facilities with privacy from the crowds. You can swim, eat, snorkel in the bay, boat ride, or wander down to the nearby fishing village and see the fishermen bringing in their daily catch. Millions of visitors enjoy the sun, sand, surf and sex that the island of Phuket offers and plenty of tourists only visit during their Thailand holiday thanks to direct flights into Phuket International Airport. Where you stay has a big bearing on what type of holiday you will have. If shopping, bars, massage, discos and shows are your thing, stay in Patong. If you want to chill-out and enjoy some peace and quiet, choose one of the resorts on an isolated beach. The Crown Plaza Phuket falls somewhere between these two extremes. It is a hideaway on the beach but you can still easily reach Patong and Phuket Town if you have the need. The Phuket FantaSea, and the Phuket Aquarium are close by for those wanting fun activities. Len Rutledge is the author of Experience Thailand 2017, available as a paperback or ebook at Feature supplied by

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BOOK WITH YOUR LOCAL TRAVELLERS CHOICE AGENT CITY Milton - SAVENIO - 3368 3733 NORTH Stafford - DISCOVER TRAVEL & CRUISE - 3356 0600 • Clayfield - CLAYFIELD TRAVEL PROFESSIONALS - 3862 1215 EAST Carindale - CREATE TRAVEL - 3736 0040 • Cleveland - LATITUDE CRUISE & TRAVEL - 3286 7900 WEST Corinda - HERMAN’S TOURS & TRAVEL - 3379 6255 Forest Lake - CREATE TRAVEL - 3279 9144 • The Gap - DISCOVER TRAVEL & CRUISE - 3300 5300 *Conditions apply: Prices are per person twin share, land only in AUD & subject to availability unless otherwise specified. Prices correct as at 30 Jan 18 & are subject to change without notice & availability at time of booking. Seasonal surcharges & single supplements may apply. Prices may vary due to currency fluctuations & changes to taxes & surcharges. Valid for new bookings only made between 01 Mar - 31 Mar 18 for travel between 01 Mar – 31 Oct 18. Discount applies to the land tour price only, cannot be used in conjunction with any other offer & is not combinable. Discount does not apply to local payments/kitty, permits, additional travel arrangements, international & local airfares. Deposit of $400pp per trip is required upon booking with final payment due 56 days prior to departure. If booking within 56 days of departure, full payment is due immediately. ^Qantas Frequent Flyer points will only be received when a trip valued over $1,000 is booked. For further terms & conditions for QFF points, please speak to your consultant. Prices, itineraries and inclusions are subject to change without notice. Further conditions may apply. Booking & cancellation fees may apply. Credit card service fees may apply. ATAS No. A10430.

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21/02/2018 11:33:31 AM



THE world is full of vibrant colour, energy and food, in Central America, with the chilled vibes of the Caribbean on one side and the rolling swells of the Pacific on the other. Despite a Euro influence, Central America has its own distinctive flavour. See Mayan ruins, hear Afro beats and experience thriving indigenous cultures. From Mexico’s Yucatan Peninsula, head to Cuba, with beaches, tobacco fields and Caribbean beats. Havana, in all its faded glory, has cobbled streets and its famous American cars while the Vinales region is known for its cigar factories. On the south of the island is colonial Trinidad de Cuba (pictured), a still relatively undiscovered taste of Cuba. Call 1300 78 78 58 or visit

EASY GOING JUST FOR THE GIRLS FROM the north pole to Antarctica, Girls on Tour – women only travel – is exploring the globe. For more than 11 years, Judy Polkinghorne, (pictured, centre, with a happy group in Africa) a pioneer in women-only travel in Australia and founder of Queensland-based Girls On Tour, has been making travel dreams come true. The fully-escorted, small group tours for women have covered more than 50 countries on all seven

continents, the most recent being to Mexico, Guatemala and Cuba. The Girls share travel experiences exploring historical destinations, absorbing the culture and learning about the history of the countries with professional local guides and your tour escort. Be inspired by adventurous spirits and like-minded women while visiting the wonders of the world. Call Judy 0409 057 417 or visit

OUTBACK THE GREATEST SHOW ON EARTH THE Queensland outback at Longreach has some fascinating adventures, such as the authentic Outback Pioneers Nogo Station experience. This working station, was once part of the famous Bowen Downs station and has history, legend and resilience rolled into one. Set on sunlit plains under huge outback skies, it offers visitors a glimpse of sheep-shearing in historic shearing sheds and a huge home-baked smoko in the homestead. The new station safari on a doubledecker, open-top bus covers remote reaches of the station where wedge-tailed

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Co stagecoach – the only place in the world to go galloping on an old mail route in a stagecoach. More sedate is the Starlight’s Cruise on the Thomson River which is the best way to appreciate an outback sunset before having a stockman’s campfire dinner under the stars. Plane buffs shouldn’t miss the Qantas Founders Museum to explore the history of flight and step aboard the old planes. Visiting Longreach is not just about a pioneering story but about the enduring spirit of Outback life today. Experiences run in the winter from late March to the end of October.


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34 YOUR TIME MAGAZINE / March 2017

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21/02/2018 11:32:57 AM


Reaching into the heart of Italy We sit among the vineyards, shaded by leafy oak trees, overlooking a glorious valley in Tuscany, writes ISABELLA DUSI. In the near distance, the Abbey of Sant Antimo gleams, and in the far distance, the hills of Tuscany roll away before our eyes.


ntonella carries trays of purple figs and rose-coloured prosciutto to the tables, while 14-year-old Federico, wrapped in a floral apron, grills egg-plant and zucchini, basting with rosemary and olive oil. Enzo, whose family have owned this farm for generations, proudly tells of the bitter battle that raged around this farm when the village which sits over the vine covered hill took on the might of the Florentine army. To Enzo, and all of us, it’s as if the last 700 years scooted by in the blink of an eye; the emnity is not yet far below the surface. Leading and guiding hundreds of tours in Italy has taught me that travellers needs have evolved. It is not enough to show people the beauty of Italy, not even enough to have a deep exposure to Italy’s art treasures. Today’s travellers seek genuine knowledge about the evocative lifestyle that encapsulates the culture of Italy, and the daily rhythm of life for Italians. Earlier we hand rolled tagliatelle which Antonella brings to the table in a

Antonella prepares the dough for tagliatelle

Cinque Terre Monterosso al Mare painted terracotta bowl. Everyone took a turn at kneading and rolling, or chopping pancetta for the sauce, so everyone has a vested interest in tasting this pasta. Judging by the whoops of joy as forkfuls of yellow tagliatelle disappear, we passed muster, even with Antonella. We are sleeping six nights in charming but not luxury apartments, in an enchanting walled garden. This morning we wandered the site of an Etruscan archaeological dig. Running through my mind is the story I told on the stone steps leading down to a 2500-year-old Etruscan tomb, enticing provocative opinions about why archaeological and historical theories disprove each other about who the Etruscans were, and why they disappeared. Table talk is animated, not just about the flavoursome pasta. Glorious days in Tuscany pass all too quickly; a bustling and colourful morning market, a ramble through a private garden, learning what tasting wine can teach us, hearing the Gregorian Chant in the Abbey of Sant Antimo, morning cappuccino with

Girls On Tour

the locals in village bars with no pretentions for tourists. We paused to read the story in Renaissance works of art, not in big museums, but in tiny village churches where the art hangs where the artist painted it. We sat in ageing wooden pews and I took the opportunity to encourage discussion about what the Renaissance was really all about. But Tuscany is behind us. For the next six nights we sleep at an agriturismo, working farm, in mystical Umbria. An afternoon walk through thicklywooded hillsides overhung with burdened chestnut trees and leafy oaks leads to a tiny chapel, the first of several opportunities to explore Umbria on foot. Those less inclined take local buses, an experience they are always excited to recount. In the heart of a landscape depicted by so many art masters, we are surrounded by a string of tiny Umbrian villages, the land of Saint Francis whose Eremo delle Caceri, hermit cell, is hidden in the hills. Days stretching ahead include Spoleto and the chance to examine medieval fear of hell and damnation, and an underground walk through the ruins of the stronghold of a ruling tyrant family. By this time on tour we are half way through a discourse about Italian Unification; we’ve sorted Garibaldi and are on our way through Fascism and Mussolini. Guests begin to take a stand and have diverse opinions. We’ve sat in view of yellow stubble left behind after the grain harvest, dun earth now fallow. We’ve overlooked sentinel cypress pine defining a patchwork grove of olive trees, salivating black olives, crusty bread, anchovies, aromatic cheese rounds, curious cuts of meat and sipping easy drinking wine grown on the hillsides. We’ve sat under a row of horse chestnut trees munching pizza in a tiny

hamlet where locals brought chairs out of their shuttered doors because the piazza is narrow and there weren’t enough seats. We’ve shopped with the women of the village, observing the art of social bantering between Italians, tasting delicacies that stare back from the counter in every Italian alimentari. We chatted with the seriously learned butcher and cooked our own barbecue dinner, sitting down to flavoursome simple

The 12th century Abbey of Sant Antimo, a jewel of Toscana. Photo Michele Becci food which makes Italy so memorable. Magical Tuscany and mystical Umbria will remain in our hearts forever. Our final destination is three nights relaxing at Cinque Terre. The walkers among the group will walk their socks off between the famous villages, in and out of the rocky coves, up and down umpteen steps. Others will use the boats to visit the captivating villages, marvelling at the rugged coast and colourful villages from the sea. Isabella Dusi is the author of three books set in Tuscany. She leads small groups through places far from the tourist trail, the next departing September 16. Visit or email

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TAJ MAHAL, SOUTHERN INDIA & SRI LANKA 25 Days departing 19th October 2018


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Facebook @girlsontouraustralia March 2018 / YOUR TIME MAGAZINE 35

21/02/2018 11:32:10 AM






CONSUMER group Choice is calling on the Federal Government to establish an airline ombudsman that is funded by the industry, as new research shows travellers are getting increasingly fed up with unresolved complaints. The latest data from Choice’s flight delays and cancellations tool, Complane., has found that Jetstar was the worst offender when it came to leaving passengers stuck at the gate. It accounted for 40 per cent of total complaints, followed by Qantas with 26 percent and Virgin Australia on 20 per cent. “The data also found that 30 per cent of passengers who complained weren’t given a reason for the delay or cancellation, or weren’t sure why they were left grounded,” Choice’s Tom Godfrey said. Seven per cent of passengers were left stranded by their airline overnight. “We know that most passengers won’t take up a fight with the airline when something goes wrong because they’ve

been conditioned for years that they won’t get compensation,” Mr Godfrey said. The main reasons are because they doubt that complaints will achieve anything (37 per cent) and there is a perception that the complaint process is a hassle (34 per cent). “The airline industry is failing to keep travellers grievance free, that’s why we’re calling on the Federal Government to establish an airline ombudsman which can actually regulate the industry,” Mr Godfrey said. “What we need is an ombudsman with teeth who can actually call these airlines to account.” The consumer advocate’s pre-budget submission to the Federal Government also calls on the establishment of a fixed flight delays and cancellation compensation scheme, which will see passengers fairly compensated when the airline makes a mistake. To lodge an airline complaint visit

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CRUISE travel continues to rise in popularity with current data revealing that 27.2 million passengers are expected to set sail this year. That’s up from an estimated 25.8 million in 2017. The 2018 Cruise Travel Report found that almost all income brackets are choosing to cruise. One-third of cruisers surveyed who have taken a cruise within the past three years, have a household income of less than $80,000. While the data reveals that cruising does skew a bit more to the affluent consumer, almost all levels of income enjoy cruise holidays. River and small ship cruising continues to gain traction among travellers, in particular the Millennials. Multigenerational cruising is projected to increase in popularity, but with atwist: “skip-generation” trips, with grandparents and grandchildren travelling together are predicted to increase in popularity.

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Also set to increase this year is the popularity of colder climate destinations, including the Baltics, Canada, Alaska, and Antarctica, with excursion options from penguin watching to ice fishing. Travellers are also seeking health and wellness trips so some cruise itineraries are being dedicated to weight management and healthy living.

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36 YOUR TIME MAGAZINE / March 2017

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21/02/2018 11:31:40 AM


7 3 4 6 9 1 5 8 2

4 9 2 5 8 3 6 7 1

5 6 1 7 2 9 4 3 8

8 7 3 1 4 6 2 9 5

7 3 5 9 1 4 2 8 6

9 8 2 3 7 6 5 1 4

4 1 6 5 2 8 9 3 7

6 2 8 7 4 5 3 9 1
















3 5 7 1 6 9 8 4 2

1 4 9 2 8 3 7 6 5

2 7 3 4 9 1 6 5 8

8 9 4 6 5 7 1 2 3

5 6 1 8 3 2 4 7 9

WORDFIND Secret message: wake up

G S N F Q P J Z B H C A V 3













clip, clomp, clop, comp, compel, compile, cope, elope, epic, impel, limp, lope, mope, open, opine, peel, peen, pence, penile, peon, piece, pile, pine, poem, pole, polemic, police, POLICEMEN, ponce

1. News; 2. Left 3. Ligament; 4. CXX; 5. Bechuanaland; 6. Melania; 7. 2010; 8. Two; 9. C; 10. July; 11. Seven; 12. Fluorine; 13. Yellow; 14. I; 15. Etc; 16. Men in Black; 17. Chicken wings; 18. Vine; 19. Lipstick; 20. They are the same.

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1 8 9 4 5 2 7 6 3


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March 2018 / YOUR TIME MAGAZINE 37

21/02/2018 11:30:43 AM







8 9 10 11 13 15 18 19 20

See the parliamentarian who is into playing the ivories whilst the others make it up as they go along (9) Sounds like this fruit variety is all at sea! (5) Austere robes? (5) Those who were prepared did see the areas of circular currents (6) Sounds like you will playfully torment the drinks (4) Diminish treatment for the deaf (4) Let me fly south adventurously to find the writer of the puzzle (6) Become infected with a fastener (5) What colour would be embedded in a broken arm? (5) You can make any room dirty if enough people spend the night there (9)

3 4 5 6 7 12 14 16 17

No. 2535

Made progress to be so affected by emotion! (5) Deliverance projected above the ground plane (6) The pitcher made a lucky save (4) A shilling can procure a fur (5) A frenetic way to organise a contact surface (9) You will get angry before you retrench stray bullets (9) The willing martyr anticipated the despot waiting in hiding (6) Stole the car from the dictator just as before (5) Brand of wood the last two months have in common (5) In an expression of caprice the tungsten was given to him! (4)


No. 007




























Copyright © Reuben’s Puzzles Refer to the website for a cryptic solving guide.



The leftover letters will spell out a secret message No. 008

bacon bran buffet coffee cornflakes crepe croissant eat eggs ham lox


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9 4 3 8 2 8 9 7 2 6 5 8 1 9 6

5 9 6 4 6


3 7 6



2 7 8 3

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21/02/2018 11:36:00 AM



No. 3636


No. 008

Today’s Aim:


14 words: Good 21 words: Very good






29 words: Excellent


Using the nine letters in the grid, how many words of four letters or more can you list? The centre letter must be included and each letter may only be used once. No colloquial or foreign words. No capitalised nouns, apostrophes or plural words ending in “s”.


ACROSS 1 5 9 10 11 12 15 16 18 20 21 23 25 26

Japanese warrior (7) German city (7) Last (5) Related to government (9) Away from the centre (8) Covered (6) Concur (5) Government department leaders (9) Laziness (9) Outdoor area adjoining a house (5) Sweet liquid (6) Sleeplessness (8) Key maker (9) Famous Swiss children’s book (5)

27 Baked chocolate treat (7) 28 Repetitive design (7)

DOWN 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 13 14 17 19 20

Asphyxiation (11) Observed (9) Let go (7) Obstacle (10) High ground (4) Ways (7) Not edited (5) Hair product (3) Common joint injury (11) Traineeship (10) Vast (9) Middleman (7) Speaker of the word of God (7)

22 Chocolate bean tree (5) 24 Citrus fruit (4) 25 Science room (3)


SUDOKU Level: Easy

No. 795

2 1 7 5 4 5 8 9 3 9 2 3 7 1 6 5 8 5 4 1 9 6 3 7 2 8 9 6 4 3 2 WORK IT OUT!

Complete the list by changing one letter at a time to create a new word at each step. One possible answer shown below.


_____ _____ _____ _____ CHEFS March 2018


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March 2018 / YOUR TIME MAGAZINE 39

21/02/2018 12:06:17 PM

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22/02/2018 11:13:31 AM