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A²ymbwþ1

hntÃPpw hntÃPv DtZymKØcpw 4. hntÃPvþ dh\yq`cW kuIcymÀ°w kÀtÆ sNbvXv AXnÀ¯nIÄ \nÀ®bn¨v cq]oIcn¡s¸«n«pÅ dh\yq `cW¯nsâ ASnØm\ LSIamb bqWnäpIfmWv hntÃPpIÄ. kwØm\s¯, `cWkuIcymÀ°w 14 PnÃIfmbpw, 26 dh\yq Unhnj\pIfmbpw 77 Xmeq¡pIfmbpw 98 {Kq¸v hntÃPpIÄ DÄs¸sS 1664 hntÃPpIfmbpw hn`Pn¨ncn¡p¶p. 5. hntÃPv Hm^okvþ kÀ¡mÀhIbmb sI«nSw e`ysa¦n BbXntem, CÃm¯ ]£w kÀ¡mÀ A\phmZ {]Imcw hmSIbvs¡Sp¡p¶ sI«nS¯ntem hntÃPv Hm^okv {]hÀ¯nt¡­Xpw sI«nS¯nsâ ap³hi¯v hntÃPv Hm^oknsâ t]cv kqNn¸n¡p¶ Hcp t_mÀUv Øm]n¨ncnt¡­XpamWv. 6. hntÃPv DtZymKØÀþ (1) Hcp hntÃPv Hm^okn Hcp hntÃPv Hm^okdpw Hcp kvs]jy hntÃPv Hm^okdpw (ko\nbÀ ¢mÀ¡v) Hcp hntÃPv AknÌâpw (¢mÀ¡v) c­v hntÃPv ^oÂUv AknÌâpamcpw Hcp kzo¸dpw D­mbncn¡pw. (2) Ik_ (Xmeq¡v BØm\w) hntÃPpIfn D]JÞnI (1)  hyhØ sNbvXn«pÅ DtZymKØÀ¡p ]pdta Hcp ¢mÀ¡v, Hcp Hm^okv Aä³Uâ v F¶nhcpap­mbncn¡pw. (3) F¶m tZhnIpfw Xmeq¡nse sI.Un.F¨v. hntÃPv Hm^okn sU]yq«n XlknÂZmÀ XkvXnIbnepÅ DtZymKØ\mWv hntÃPv Hm^okÀ. Cu hntÃPns\ 6 skÎdpIfmbn hn`Pn¨n«pffXpw Hmtcm skÎdnepw hntÃPv Hm^okÀ dm¦nepÅ DtZymKØsc skÎd Hm^okÀamcmbn \ntbmKn¡pIbpw sNbvXn«p­v. 7. hntÃPv DtZymKØcpsS \nba\hpw ]co£m tbmKyXIfpwþ hntÃPv Hm^okÀ, kvs]jy hntÃPv Hm^okÀ F¶nhcpsS \nba\m[nImcn em³Uv dh\yq I½ojWdpw aäv hntÃPv DtZymKØcpsS \nba\m[nImcn PnÃm IfÎdpamIp¶p. hntÃPv AknÌâpamÀ, hntÃPv ^oÂUv AknÌâpamÀ, ¢mÀ¡pamÀ, Hm^okv Aäâ³UpamÀ F¶nhsc \nban¡p¶Xv tIcfm ]»nIv kÀÆokv I½oj³ XncsªSp¡p¶ enÌnsâ ASnØm\¯nemWv. \nÀ±nã tbmKyXbpÅ hntÃPv AknÌâpamcn \nt¶m ¢mÀ¡pamcnÂ\nt¶m ko\ntbmdnänbpsS ASnØm\¯n DtZymK¡bäw \ÂIn kvs]jy hntÃPv Hm^okÀamscbpw kvs]jy hntÃPv B^okÀamcn \nt¶m ko\nbÀ ¢mÀ¡pamcn \nt¶m ko\ntbmdnänbpsS ASnØm\¯n DtZymK¡bäw \ÂIn 1


hntÃPv Hm^okÀamscbpw \nban¡p¶p. FÃm hntÃPv DtZymKØcpw Kh¬saâ v AXmXv Ime§fn \nÝbn¡p¶ ]co£m tbmKyXIfpw aäp tbmKyXIfpw t\Snbhcmbncn¡Ww. 8. hntÃPv DtZymKØcpw s]cpam䨫§fpwþ hntÃPv DtZymKØÀ tIcf kÀÆokv N«§Ä¡pw kÀ¡mÀ DtZymKØcpsS s]cpam䨫§Ä¡pw hnt[bcmIp¶p. BIbm AhÀ Cu N«§Ä A\pkcnt¡­Xpw AXmXv Ime§fn N« §f n hcp ¯p ¶ t`ZK XnIÄ¡v A\p kr Xamb n {]hÀ¯nt¡­XpamIp¶p. 9. lmPcmtI­ aWn¡qdpIÄþ (1) Ah[n Znhk§sfmgnsI asäÃm Znhk§fnepw FÃm hntÃPv Poh\¡mcpw cmhnse 10 aWn apX sshIo«v 5 aWn hsc Hm^okn lmPcmbncnt¡­XmWv. F¶ncp¶mepw tae[nImcnIÄ \nÀt±in¡p¶ ]£w aäv A[nIthX\sam¶pw IqSmsX Xs¶ X§fpsS apgph³ kabhpw IrXy\nÀÆlW¯n\mbn hn\ntbmKn¡m³ Poh\¡mÀ _m[yØcmWv. F¶m kzo¸ÀamcpsS tPmen kabw cmhnse H³]Xp aWn apX ]{´­phscbmWv. km[mcWKXnbn ]{´­p aWn¡ptijw kzo¸ÀamÀ Hm^okn XpScm³ ]mSpffXÃ. Hm^okv kabw Bcw`n¡p¶Xn\p ap¼mbn kzo¸ÀamÀ Imcymebhpw ]cnkchpw ipNnbm¡pI, IpSnshffw tiJcn¨p kq£n¡pI F¶o tPmenIÄ ]qÀ¯oIcn¨ncnt¡­XpamWv . \nÀ±njv S cq]¯nepff lmPÀ ]pkvXIhpw A\p_Ô cPnÌdmb teäv Aäâ³kv cPnÌdpw hntÃPv Hm^okÀ h¨pt]mtc­XmWv . D¨bv ¡ v Hcp aWn¡pw c­p aWn¡panSbv ¡ pff kabw Hm^okv {]hÀ¯\¯n\v `wKw IqSmsX D¨`£W¯n\pff CSthf Bbn D]tbmKs¸Sp¯mhp¶XmWv. hntÃPv Hm^okÀ kzbw IrXy\njvT ]men¨v aäpffhÀ¡v Hcp amXrI Bbncn¡Ww. Hm^okv kabaÃm¯t¸mÄ lmPcp­mbncp¶p F¶Xv Akm¶n²y¯n\v ]cnlmcamtbm HgnIgnhmtbm AwKoIcn¡p¶XÃ. apÉnw Poh\¡mÀ¡v FÃm shffnbmgv Nbpw D¨bv¡v ]{´­c apX c­c hscbpff kabw Ppam \akvImc¯n\mbn D]tbmKs¸Sp¯mhp¶XmWv. (2) Hm^okn lmPcmbmepS³ FÃm Poh\¡mcpw \nÀ±njvS amXrIbnepw hen¸¯nepapffXpw XlknÂZmÀ A\phZn¡p¶Xpamb Xncn¨dnb ImÀUv [cnt¡­XmWv. Xncn¨dnb ImÀUv FÃmhÀ¡pw ImW¯¡hn[¯n [cn¡p¶Xn\v Poh\¡mÀ {]tXyIw {i²nt¡­XmWv. 10. Xmakn¨v lmPcmIÂþ Hm^okn lmPcmtI­ kabw ]¯p aWnbmbn \nPs¸Sp¯nbn«p­v. ]¯p aWn¡p ap¼mbn Hm^okv Xpd¡pIbpw ]¯p aWn¡pXs¶ {]hÀ¯\w Bcw`n¡pIbpw sNbvXn«p­v F¶v Dd¸phcpt¯­ _m²yX hntÃPv Hm^okÀ¡p­v. Poh\¡mÀ Xmakn¨p lmPcmIp¶ ]£w Xmakns¨¯nb kabw teäv Aä³U³kv cPnÌdn tcJs¸Spt¯­XmWv. sshInsb¯p¶ ap½q¶v Znhk§Ä¡v Hcp Znhks¯ BIkva nImh[n


\jvSs¸Sp¶XpamWv. 11. eohv A\phZn¡Âþ Xsâ Iogn tPmen sN¿p¶ DtZymKØÀ¡v BIkvanImh[n A\phZn¡p¶Xn\pff A[nImcw hntÃPv Hm^okÀ¡p­v. F¶m hntÃPv Hm^okÀ XlknÂZmcpsS A\paXn IqSmsX bmsXmcp hn[amb Ah[nbnepw {]thin¡m³ ]mSpffXÃ. IqSmsX BIkvanImh[n HgnsIbpff asäÃm Ah[nIÄ¡papff hntÃPv Poh\¡mcpsS At]£IÄ hyàamb ip] mÀ itbmsS Xlkn ZmÀ¡v Ab bvt¡­ Np aXeb pw hntÃP v Hm^okÀ¡p­v. hntÃPv Poh\¡mcpsS BIkvanImh[n tcJs¸Sp¯p¶Xn\v \nÀ±njvS amXrIbnepff cPnÌÀ kq£n¡m³ hntÃPv Hm^okÀ _m[yØ\mWv. 12. ssIhiapff ]W¯nsâ hnhcwþ hntÃPv Hm^oknse FÃm Poh\¡mcpw Hm^oknse¯nbmepS³ X§Ä kz´w \nebn ssIhiw kq£n¨n«pff ]Ww kw_Ôn¨ hnhcw Personal Cash Declaration Register-  tcJs¸Sp¯n Npcps¡m¸p hbvt¡­XmWv. Personal Cash Declaration Register sâ amXrI A\p_Ôwþ1 Bbn tNÀ¯ncn¡p¶p. 13. Hm^okn \n¶pw ]pd¯pt]mIp¶Xvþ (1) Hm^okn h¶ tijw HutZymKnI IrXy\nÀÆlWhpambn _Ôs¸«v ]pd¯pt]mIp¶ kmlN cy§fn aqhv s aâ v cPnÌdn CXp kw_Ôamb ]qÀ® hnhc§Ä tcJs¸Sp¯m³ Poh\¡mÀ _m[yØcmWv. hntÃPv Hm^okdpsS A\paXn Iq SmsX P oh\¡mÀ H m^okn \n¶ pw b msXmcp Imc Whimep w ]pd¯pt]mIm³ ]mSpffXÃ. am{XhpaÃ, Hm^okv {]hr¯n kab§fn Poh\¡mÀ H¶S¦w Hm^okv hn«pt]mIm³ ]mSnÃm¯XpamWv. (2) hntÃPv Poh\¡mÀ Ah[n Znhk§fntem Hm^okv {]hr¯n Zn\§fntem \nehnepff \nba§fn A\pimkn¡p¶ Xc¯nepff HutZymKnI Bhiy§Ä¡ÃmsX {]Xn^teÑtbmSpIqSntbm AÃmsXtbm kzImcy`qan kÀtÆ sNbvXp \ÂIm³ ]mSnÃm¯XmWv. 14. Poh\¡mc psS s]cpamähpw aäpwþ hntÃP v Hm^oknse¯ p¶ GsXmcmtfmSpapff s]cpamä¯n Poh\¡mÀ At§bäw acymZbpw hn\bhpw ] pe Àt¯­XmWv. HutZ ymKnI Bhiy§Ä¡mbn hntÃP v Hm^oknse¯p¶hÀ¡v e`yamb Ccn¸nSkuIcyw \ÂIm\pw IpSnshff kuIcyw GÀs¸Sp¯m\pw apXnÀ¶ ]uc·mÀ, `n¶tijnbpffhÀ, KÀ`nWnIÄ F¶nhÀ¡v ap³KW\ \ÂIp¶Xn\pw Poh\¡mÀ {]tXyIw {i²nt¡­XmWv. 15. GPâpamsc Hgnhm¡Âþ HutZymKnI Bhiy§Ä¡mbn hntÃPv Hm^oknse¯p¶ At]£Itcm lÀPn¡mtcm AhÀ \nba]cambn

3


A²ymbwþ2

hntÃPv DtZymKØcpsS IÀ¯hy§Ä 18. hntÃPv Hm^okdpsS NpaXeIÄ:þ hntÃPv Hm^okÀ hntÃPn s]mXp/ dh\yq `cW¯nsâ Xeh\pw, kÀ¡mcnsâ {]Xn\n[nbpamIp¶p. dh\yq `cW¯nsâ Xeh³ F¶ \nebn hntÃPv Hm^okÀ Xsâ hntÃPnse kÀ¡mÀhI `qanIÄ kwc£n¡p¶Xn\pw `qanbnt·Â Npa¯s¸« \nIpXnIÄ ]ncn¡p¶Xn\pw dh\yq dn¡mÀUpIÄ kwc£n¡p¶Xn\pw NpaXes¸«ncn¡p¶p. kÀ¡mcnsâ {]Xn\n[n F¶ \nebn hyhlmc§fn kÀ¡mcnsâ Xm¸cyw kwc £n¡p ¶Xn\p w CXc hIp ¸pIf nse D tZymKØÀ¡v Ahc psS IrXy\nÀÆlW¯n\v BhiyapÅ klmbw \ÂIp¶Xn\pw hntÃPv Hm^okÀ¡v NpaXebp­v. kÀ¡mcnsâ t£a{]hÀ¯\§Ä \S¸nem¡pI, {]IrXnt£m`w, aäpZpc´§Ä, kmw{IanI tcmK§Ä, AKv\n_m[ XpS§nb A\nãkw`h§fp­mIpt¼mÄ hnhcw DS\Sn XlknÂZmsc Adnbn¡pI, \nehnepÅ \nba§fpw N«§fpw A\pimkn¡p¶ ISaIÄ bYmkabw \ndthäpI, taeptZymKØcpsS FÃm HutZymKnI \nÀt±i§fpw Xmakw IqSmsXbpw Imcy£aXtbmsSbpw \S¸nem¡pI F¶nhbpw hntÃPv Hm^okdpsS NpaXeIfmWv. 19. hntÃPv Hm^okdpsS aäp {][m\ IÀ¯hy§Ä:þ aäp {][m\s¸« IÀ¯hy§Ä Xmsg ]dbp¶hbmWv:

hntÃPv Hm^okdpsS

(1) `qanbnt·Â Npa¯s¸« \nIpXnIfmb ASnØm\ `q\nIpXn, tXm«\nIpXn, sI«nS \nIpXn XpS§nb em³Uv dh\yq hIp¸v Npa¯p¶ FÃmhn[ \nIpXnIfpw, Ic§fpw, hcnIfpw kÀ¡mÀ D¯chv {]Imcw CuSmt¡­Xmb aäp XpIIfpw bYmkabw ]ncn¡pI. (2) XlknÂZmcpsS \nÀt±im\pkcWw dh\yq dn¡hdn \nbaa\pkcn¨v hkqemt¡­Xmb IpSnÈnIIfpw aäp XpIIfpw \nbam\pkrX \S]SnIÄ kzoIcn¨v CuSm¡pI. (3)

P]vXn sNbvX PwKa§Ä, hn¡p¶Xp hsc \mi\ã§fnÃmsX


kq£n¡pIbpw P]vXn sNbvXv taemZmbsaSp¡p¶Xpw AÃm¯Xpamb Ømhc hkvXp¡Ä Imcy£aambn kwc£n¡pIbpw sN¿pI. (4) \nIpXnZmbIcn \n¶pw IpSnÈnI¡mcn \n¶pw ]ncns¨Sp¡p¶ XpIIÄ \S]Sn{Ia§Ä ]men¨v bYmkabw kÀ¡mÀ JP\mhn ASbv¡pI. (5) kÀ¡mÀhI `qanIfn A\[nIrX {]thi\w D­mImsX kq£n¡pIbpw It¿äap­mbm hnhcw bYmkabw _Ôs¸« A[nImcn¡v dnt¸mÀ«v sNbvX v At±l¯nsâ \nÀt±im\pkcWw It¿ä¡mÀs¡Xnsc \nbam\pkrX \S]SnIÄ ssIs¡mÅpIbpw sN¿pI. `qkwc£Ww, `qan ]Xnhv, `qan s]m¶pwhnebvs¡Sp¡Â, `qan hns«mgnbÂ, Paamäw (t]m¡phchv), A\yw \n¸v, dh\yq dn¡hdn, `qhn\ntbmKw, s\Âhb X®oÀ¯S kwc£Ww F¶o dh\yq tIkpIfn Øe ]cntim[\Ifpw At\zjW§fpw \S¯n kvsI¨pw alÊdpw X¿mdm¡n XlknÂZmÀ¡v dnt¸mÀ«v kaÀ¸n¡pI. (6)

(7) hntÃPv AXnÀ¯nbnse kÀtÆ AXncSbmf§Ä kwc£n¡pIbpw `qansb kw_Ôn¨pÅ FÃm dn¡mÀUpIfpw IrXyambn kq£n¡pIbpw sN¿pI.

hntÃPv AknÌâ v/kvs]jy hntÃPv Hm^okÀ X¿mdm¡p¶ {]Xnamk apXÂþ]ncnhv þ _m¡n ]{XnIIÄ _Ôs¸« \mÄhgn, ckoXv _p¡pIÄ, cPnÌdpIÄ, A¡u­pIÄ F¶nhbpambn th­pwhn[w H¯pt\m¡n km£ys¸Sp¯n bYmkabw Xmeqt¡m^okn F¯n¡pI. (8)

(9) taeptZymKØÀ¡bbvt¡­ FÃm dnt¸mÀ«pIfpw B\pImenI §fpw IrXykab¯bbv¡pI. (10) hntÃPv AknÌâ v/kvs]jy hntÃPv Hm^okÀ X¿mdm¡p¶ FÃm A¡u­pIfpw cPnÌdpIfpw bYmkabw ]cntim[n¡pIbpw B­ptXmdpw Pam_´n¡v ap¼mbn ""hmÀjnI em³Uv dh\yq A¡u­v'' (XhW apS¡w) X¿mdm¡n _Ôs¸« cPnÌdpIfpw A¡u­pIfpambn H¯pt\m¡n ]cntim[\bv¡mbn tabv amkw 15þmw XobXn¡p ap¼mbn X¿mdm¡n hbv¡pIbpw sN¿pI. (11) hntÃPv `cW¯n\v e`yam¡nbn«pÅ FÃmhn[ A¡u­pIfpsSbpw cPnÌdpIfpsSbpw eUv PdpIfpsSbpw tcJIfpsSbpw kvs I¨pIfpsSbpw, am¸pIfpsSbpw ^À®n¨dpIfpsSbpw CeIvt{SmWnIv D]IcW§fpsSbpw aäp]IcW§fpsSbpw ItÌmUnb³ F¶ \nebn AhsbÃmw icnbmbpw `wKnbmbpw kq£n¡pIbpw ]cn]men¡pIbpw sN¿pI. (12) dh\yq hIp¸pambn _Ôs¸«p \S¸nem¡n hcp¶ hnhn[ t£a]²XnIfpambn _Ôs¸« dnt¸mÀ«pIÄ bYmkabw kaÀ¸n¡pI. (13) dh\yq

hIp¸ nÂ

\n¶ pw 5

A\p hZ nt¡­Xmb

hnhn[


km£y]{X§Ä¡mbn kaÀ¸n¡s¸Sp¶ At]£Ifnt·Â At\zjWw \S¯n X§sf A[nImc s¸ Sp ¯nbn«p Å km£y]{X§Ä bY mkab w A\phZn¡pIbpw \ncknt¡­Xmb tIkpIfn hnhcw At]£Is\ Adnbn¡pIbpw XlknÂZmÀ A\phZnt¡­ kÀ«n^n¡äpIfpsS kwKXnbn hyàamb ip]mÀitbmsSbpff dnt¸mÀ«v kaÀ¸n¡pIbpw sN¿pI. (14) sk³kkv, s]mXpXncsªSp¸v/D]sXcsªSp¸v F¶nh kw_Ôn¨v tae[nImcnIÄ \nÀt±in¡p¶ FÃm tPmenIfpw IrXyambpw kq£vaambpw \nÀÆln¡pI (15) tZiob k¼mZy ]²Xn hnPb{]Zam¡m³ PnÃm IfÎdpsS \nÀt±i§Ä \S¸nem¡pI (16) shÅs¸m¡w, DcpÄs]m«Â, AKv\n_m[ XpS§nb Zpc´§Ä/ AXymlnX§Ä kw`hn¡pt¼mÄ hnhcw DS\Sn XlknÂZmscbpw PnÃm IfÎsdbpw Adnbn¡pIbpw AhcpsS \nÀt±im\pkcWw A\ptbmPyamb ZpcnXmizmk \S]SnIÄ kzoIcn¡pIbpw sN¿pI (17) hntÃPvXe P\Iob kanXnIÄ bYmkabw hnfn¨p tNÀ¡pIbpw tbmKXocpam\§Ä \nbam\pkrXw \S¸nem¡p¶Xn\v DNnXamb \S]SnIÄ ssIs¡mÅpIbpw sN¿pI (18) CþUnkv{SnIväv, Cât{KäUv em³Uv C³^Àtaj³ knÌw(`qtcJ) F¶o Hm¬sse³ kwhn[m\§fn tcJIÄ/km£y]{X§Ä AwKoIcn¡pIbpw Cþt]bvsaâ v kwhn[m\¯n sNem\pIÄ X¿mdm¡pIbpw sN¿pI (19) em³Uv dh\yq cPnÌdpIfpw A¡u­pIfpw X¿mdm¡pI, apXÂþ]ncnhvþ_m¡n ]{XnIIÄ X¿mdm¡pI, ^oÂUv tPmenIÄ \nÀÆln¡pI F¶nhbn hntÃPv AknÌâ v, kvs]jy hntÃPv Hm^okÀ, hntÃPv ^oÂUv AknÌâ v F¶nhÀ¡v A\ptbmPyamb coXnbn tPmenIÄ hoXn¨p \ÂIpI (20) IfIvt{Säv ]cntim[\ hn`mKw, Xmeq¡v ]cntim[\ hn`mKw, Pam_´n Hm^okÀ, \nba]cambn A[nImcs¸Sp¯s¸« aäv ]cntim[\ DtZymKØÀ F¶nhÀ X¿mdm¡n \ÂIp¶ ]cntim[\¡pdn¸pIÄ¡v DS\Sn \yq\Xm]cnlmc adp]SnIÄ X¿mdm¡n \ÂIpI 20. kvs]jy hntÃPv Hm^okdpsSbpw hntÃPv AknÌânsâbpw ISaIÄþ (1) \nIpXn ]ncnhv, IpSnÈnI CuSm¡Â F¶nhbn hntÃPv Hm^oksd klmbn¡pIbpw XpIIÄ CuSm¡n ckoXp \ÂIpIbpw sN¿pI. (2) sN¿pI.

hyàambn A[nImcs¸Sp¯nbn«pÅ ]£w PwKa hkvXp¡Ä P]vXn


(3)

{]Xnamk apXÂþ]ncnhvþ_m¡n ]{XnIIÄ X¿mdm¡pI.

(4) taeptZymKØÀ¡bbvt¡­ dnt¸mÀ«pIfpw, B\pImenI§fpw X¿mdm¡pI. (5) hntÃPv Hm^oknse dn¡mÀUpIÄ {Ias¸Sp¯n kq£n¡pIbpw \in¸n¡phm³ Imeamb dn¡mÀUpIfpsS ]«nI X¿mdm¡pIbpw sN¿pI (6) ]pdt¼m¡pIÄ ]cntim[n¡pIbpw kÀtÆ sN¿pIbpw Ahbn {]thi\§Ä ImWp¶]£w "F' ^mdw dnt¸mÀ«v, kvsI¨v, alkÀ F¶nh X¿mdm¡pIbpw sN¿pI. (7) ]pdt¼m¡v `qanIfpsS AXnÀ¯n¡ÃpIÄ ]cntim[n¡pIbpw Ahbn GsX¦nepw ]pXp¡pItbm tISp]mSp XoÀ¡pItbm sN¿m\ps­¦n kXzc \S]SnIÄ kzoIcn¡pIbpw sN¿pI (8) `q an]Xnhv, `qkwc £Ww, P aamä w (t]m¡p hc hv), `qan s]m¶pwhnebvs¡Sp¡Â, `qanbpsS ]cnhÀ¯\w/cq]m´cw XpS§nb dh\yq tIkpIsf kw_Ôn¨ alkdpIfpw dn¡mÀUpIfpw X¿mdm¡pI. (9) CþUnkv{SnIväv, dh\yq dn¡hdn Hm¬sse³, Cât{KäUv em³Uv C³^Àtaj³ knÌw (`qtcJ) XpS§nb Hm¬sse³ kwhn[m\§fn kq£va ]cntim[\ (Scrutiny), t{]mkknMv , shcn^nt¡j³ IqSmsX dh\yq Cþt]bvsaâ v kwhn[m\¯n bYmkabw A¡u­v t¢mkv sN¿Â F¶o tPmenIÄ \nÀÆln¡pI. (10) FÃmhn[ Fgp¯pIp¯p tPmenIfnepw hntÃPv Hm^oksd klmbn¡pIbpw hntÃPv Hm^okÀ NpaXes¸Sp¯p¶ asäÃm HutZymKnI tPmenIfpw \nÀÆln¡pIbpw sN¿pI. (11) hntÃPv Hm^okn t\cn«v e`n¡p¶ At]£IÄ, lÀPnIÄ, \nthZ\§Ä F¶nhbvs¡Ãmw \nÝnX amXrIbnepff ssI¸äv ckoXv \ÂIpI. s s I ¸ ävc k oX ns â amX rI A\p_Ôwþ2 Bbn \ÂInbncn¡p¶p. 21. hntÃPv ^oÂUv AknÌâ v \nÀÆlnt¡­ ISaIÄþ (1) hntÃPn ]ncnbp¶ XpIIÄ kÀ¡mÀ JP\mhn HSp¡p¶Xn\v hntÃPv Hm^oksd klmbn¡pI. (2) \nIpXnZmbIcpsStbm IpSnÈnI¡mcpsStbm t]cnepÅ Unamâ v t\m«okpIfpw asäÃmhn[ t\m«okpIfpw bYmhn[n \S¯pI. (3) \nIpXnZmbIcn \n¶pw \nIpXnbn\¯nepÅ XpIIÄ kzoIcn¨v ckoXv \ÂIpIbpw hnhcw _Ôs¸« A¡u­ntem eUvPdntem tNÀ¡pIbpw sN¿pI. 7


(4) hntÃPv Hm^okÀ NpaXes¸Sp¯p¶ ^oÂUv tPmenIÄ DÄs¸sSbpÅ asäÃm HutZymKnI tPmenIfpw \nÀÆln¡pI. 22. hntÃPv AknÌâ v, kvs]jy hntÃPv Hm^okÀ F¶nhÀ¡v NpaXeIÄ hoXn¨p \ÂIÂþ (1) Hcp hntÃPv Hm^okn Hcp hntÃPv AknÌâ v, Hcp kvs]jy hntÃPv Hm^okÀ Asæn c­v hntÃPv AknÌâ v AXpasæn c­v kv s ]jy hntÃPv Hm^okÀ DÅ kwKXnbn hnhn[ HutZymKnI IrXy\nÀÆlW§Ä kw_Ôn¨v hntÃPv Hm^okÀ hyàamb Hm^okv D¯chv ]pds¸Sphnt¡­Xpw CXntebv ¡ mbn Hcp Hm^okv D¯chv cPnÌÀ h¨pt]mtc­XpamWv. (2) \mÄhgn X¿mdm¡pI, hntÃPv A¡u­pIfpw cPnÌdpIfpw FgpXntbm Hm¬sse\mtbm X¿mdm¡pI, CþUnkv{SnIväv, dh\yq dn¡hdn Hm¬sse³, dh\yq Cþt]bvsaâ v, `qtcJ XpS§nb Hm¬sse³ A[njvTnX tPmenIÄ \nÀÆln¡pI F¶o IÀ¯hy§Ä hntÃPv AknÌâ v, kvs]jy hntÃPv Hm^okÀ F¶nhÀ¡mbn Hm^okv D¯chnsâ ASnØm\¯n hoXn¨p \ÂtI­XmWv. hntÃPv ^oÂUv AknÌâpamÀ \nÀÆlnt¡­ HutZymKnI \nÀÆlW§Ä kw_Ôn¨pw hntÃPv Hm^okÀ IrXyhpw hyàhpamb Hm^okv D¯chv ]pds¸Sphnt¡­XmWv. 23. hntÃPv Hm^okdpsS A`mh¯n ]Icw NpaXe \nÀÆln¡Â:þ hntÃPv Hm^okdpsS A`mh¯n ]Icw NpaXe GÀs¸Spt¯­Xv XlknÂZmcpsS NpaXebmIp¶p. hntÃPv Hm^okdpsS Akm¶n²yw aq¶v Znhk¯n A[nIcn¡m¯ Ahkc§fn ]Icw NpaXe hntÃPv AknÌâ v/kvs]jy hntÃPv Hm^okÀ¡pw aq¶v Znhk§fn A[nIcn¡p¶ Ahkc§fn kao]s¯ hntÃPv Hm^okÀ¡pamWv \ÂtI­Xv. 24. I¯nS]mSpIfpw tae[nImcnIÄ¡pff dnt¸mÀ«pIfpwþ (1) hntÃPv Hm^okn \n¶pw ]pdt¯¡bbv¡p¶ I¯pIÄ, adp]SnIÄ, dnt¸mÀ«pIÄ F¶nhbn hntÃPv Hm^okdpsS t]cv, Hm^okv taÂhnemkw, ]n³tImUv, t^m¬ \¼À, C þsab n hne mkw F¶ nh \nÀ _Ô ambp w DÄs¸Spt¯­XmWv. (2) \nba§fntem N«§fntem {]tXyIambn ]cmaÀin¨n«pffhsbmgnsI asäÃmhn[ dnt¸mÀ«pIfpw hntÃPv Hm^okÀ XlknÂZmÀ aptJ\ am{Xta tae[nImcnIÄ¡p kaÀ¸n¡m³ ]mSpffq. F¶m PnÃm IfIvStdm dh\yq UnhnjW Hm^oktdm aäp hIp¸pIfnsetbm Øm]\§fnsetbm DtZymKØtcm dnt¸mÀ«pIÄ t\cn kaÀ¸n¡Wsa¶v \nÀt±in¡p¶ kw KXnIfn Cu \S] Sn{Iaw _ m[IaÃm¯XmWv . IqSmsX aä p hIp¸pIfpsStbm Øm]\§fpsStbm {]mtZinI Hm^okpIfÃmsXbpff Hm^okpIfpambpff I¯nS]mSpIfpw XlknÂZmÀ aptJ\bÃmsX \S¯m³


]mSpffXÃ. F¶m GsX¦nepw dnt¸mÀ«v X¿mdm¡p¶Xn\mbn Hcp hnhcw t\cn«v tiJcnt¡­Xv A\nhmcyamb kwKXnIfn hntÃPv Hm^okÀ¡v GXp Imcymeb¯n \n¶pw BbXv tcJmaqew Bhiys¸Smhp¶Xpw Ah tiJcn¡mhp¶XpamWv (3) ]«nIPmXn / ]«nItKm{XhÀ¤ kapZmb§fnÂs¸«hscmgnsI DÅhÀ hntÃtPm^okn kaÀ¸n¡p¶ FÃm¯cw At]£Ifnepw lÀPnIfnepw ]cmXnIfnepw A©v cq]bpsS tImÀ«v ^o Ìm¼v ]Xn¨n«ps­¶v Dd¸p hcpt¯­XmWv. 25. NmÀPv ssIamäw:þ hntÃPv DtZymKØÀ Øewamdn t]mIp¶ Ahkc§fn ]Icw \ntbmKn¡s¸Sp¶ DtZymKØ\v Xsâ NpaXebnep­mbncp¶ FÃm Hm^okv tcJIfpsSbpw km[\kma{KnIfpsSbpw NmÀPv, NmÀPv cPnÌdn tcJs¸Sp¯n ssIamtd­XmWv. CXnte¡mbn Hcp NmÀPv cPnÌÀ hntÃPv Hm^okdpsS NpaXebn h¨pt]mtc­Xpw NmÀPv ssIamäw kw_Ôn¨ NmÀPv cPnÌdnse {]kà`mK§fpsS km£ys¸Sp¯nb ]IÀ¸pIÄ AXmXv kab§fn Xmeqt¡m^oknte¡v Ab¨v sImSpt¡­XpamWv. 26. hntÃPv Ubdnþ hntÃPv Hm^okv ØnXn sN¿p¶ Øe¯nsâ hnhc§Ä, hntÃPv cq]oIrXamb XobXn, hntÃPv Hm^okpambn _Ôs¸« {][m\ Ncn{X kw`h§Ä, hntÃPv ]cn[nbnse Ncn{X {]m[m\yapff Øe§fpw kvamcI§fpw, hnhn[ Øm]\§Ä, sXcsªSp¸v _q¯pIÄ, hntÃPv ]cn[nbnep­mIp¶ tcJs¸Sp¯n kq£nt¡­Xmb {][m\ kw`h§Ä F¶nh \nÝnX amXrIbnepff cPnÌdn tcJs¸Sp¯n kq£n¡m³ hntÃPv Hm^okÀ _m[yØ\mWv. Hmtcm tcJs¸Sp¯epIÄ¡pw NphsSbmbn hntÃPv Hm^okÀ t]cv, HutZymKnI ap{Z, Is¿m¸v F¶nh tNÀ¯v Ah km£ys¸Spt¯­ XpamWv. cPnÌdnsâ amXrI A\p_Ôw þ3 Bbn tNÀ¯ncn¡p¶p.

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193. ]«bpw ]«bhpw 9


`mKwþ II

`qanbpw `q\nIpXnbpw IpSnÈnIbpw


A²ymbwþ 3

`qanbpw A\p`h{Ia§fpw (F) skänÂsaâ v Imes¯ A\p`h{Ia§Ä 27. skänÂsaâ vþ (1) `qanbnÂ\n¶pff hcpam\w(Icw]ncnhv) \nPs¸Sp¯p¶Xn\p th­n imkv{Xobamb `qkÀtÆsb ASnØm\s¸Sp¯n `qansb JWvUw, kÀtÆ ^oÂUv, k_vUnhnj³ F¶ {Ia¯n hn`Pn¨v `qanbpsS C\w, Xcw, t]cv, hnf, Icw, `qhpSa, ssIhi¡mc³ F¶o hnhc§Ä Hmtcm kÀsÆþ k_vUnhnj³ \¼cn\pambn Xn«s¸Sp¯p¶ `cW]camb {]{Iobbmbncp¶p dh\yq skänÂsaâ v. C¶-s¯ tI-c-f kw-Øm\-¯v DÄ-s¸-Sp-¶ {]-tZ-i-§Ä sk-änÂ-saâ v Im-e-L-«¯ - n \m-«p-cm-Py-§t- fm {]-hn-iy-I-tfm Bbn hy-XykvX `-c-W-kw-hn-[m-\-§-f p-sS Io-gn-em-bn-cp-¶Xn-\m sk-änÂ-saân\v ssIs¡m­ coXnIÄ XnI¨pw hy-Xy-kv-X-§-fm-bn-cp¶p. kwØm\ cq]oIcW¯n\p ap³]v GItZiw Htc ImeL«¯n Xs¶ ]gb XncphnXmwIqÀ, sIm¨n, ae_mÀ taJeIfn dh\yq skänÂsaâ v \S]SnIÄ \S¡pIbp­mbn. ae_mdn 1888þ1904 ImeL«¯nepw sIm¨nbn 1898þ1907 ImeL«¯nepw XncphnXmwIqdn 1883þ1911 ImeL«¯nepambmWv dh\yq skänÂsaâ v \S]SnIÄ \S¶Xv. skänÂsaâ v ImeL«¯n a{Zmkv {]knU³knbpsS Iognep­mbncp¶ {]tZi§Ä `cW]camb kuIcy§Ä¡mbn ae_mÀ PnÃbmbpw Z£nW Im\d PnÃbnepÄs¸« ImkÀtKmUv Xmeq¡mbpw hn`Pn¨ncp¶p. Chbn ImkÀtKmUv taJebn 1882 þ1904 ImeL«¯nemWv skänÂsaâ v \S]SnIÄ ]qÀ¯nbmbXv. CtX¯pSÀ¶v ae_mdnepw ImkÀtKmUpw 1905epw sIm¨nbn 1908epw XncphnXmwIqdn 1911epw skänÂsaâ v cPnÌdpIÄ {]kn²oIcn¡pIbp­mbn. ae_mÀ taJebn am{Xw ]n¶oSv 1923þ1935 Ime¯v dokÀtÆ skänÂsaâ v \S¯pIbpw C¯c¯nepff dokÀsÆ skänÂsaâ v cPnÌÀ 1935 {]kn²oIcn¡pIbpw sNbvXncp¶p. 11


(2) Hcp `qanbpsS bYmÀ° AhIminIÄ Bcmbncp¶p F¶p Is­t¯­ kmlNcy¯nepw `qanbp sS C\w, Xcw F¶nhbpsS B[nImcnIX ]cntim[n¡p¶Xn\pw B{ibn¡mhp¶ ASnØm\ tcJbmWv skänÂsaâ v cPnÌÀ F¶Xn\m BbXnsâ icnbmb ]cn]me\hpw Ahbnse A\p`h{Ia§sf¡pdn¨pff {]mYanIamb Adnhpw AXy´mt]£nXamWv. hnhn[ {]tZi§fnse skänÂsaâ v cPnÌdpIfn C\w, Xcw, A\p`h{Ia§Ä F¶nhbn s]mXpsh kam\XIÄ ImWmsa¦nepw Hmtcm {]tZi¯n\pw X\Xmb hkvXpXIsf kw_Ôn¨v Chbn sNdnb hyXymk§fpffXpamWv. (3) Xn-cp-hn-Xmw-IqÀ {]-tZi-s¯ d-Pn-Ì-dn ‘C\w’ F¶ tIm-f-¯n-se tc-Js¸-Sp-¯-en \n-¶mWv `q-an ]-­m-c-hI - bm-tWm, P-·amtWm F-¶p Xn-cn-¨d - n-tb­-Xv. P-·w h-I `q-an-bp-sS Ip-Sn-bm-bv-ab - pw, C-{]-Im-c-ap-f-f Ip-Sn-bm-bv-ab - -\p-k-cn-¨v B-cm-Wv h-kvX - p ssIh-iw h-¨n-cn-bv-¡p-¶-sX-¶pw 18þm-as¯ tIm-f-¯n \n¶pw Xn-cn-¨d - n-bp-hm³ I-gn-bpw. C-X-\p-k-cn¨v, Ip-Sn-bm³ kÀ-¡m-cn-\p I-c-hpw, P-·n-bv-¡v P-·n¡-cw A-sÃ-¦n ]m-«hpw \Â-In-bn-cp-¶p-sh-¶p Im-Wmw. sIm-¨n-bn ]-­m-ch-I-bÃm-¯ `q-an ]p-d-h-Ib - m-bn tc-J-s¸-Sp-¯n-bn-cn-bv-¡p¶p. Cu `q-an-bp-sS ssI-hi-¡m-c-s\bÃ, a-dn-¨v P-·n-sb-¯-s¶-bmWv `q-hp-S-a-bm-bn tc-J-s¸-Sp-¯n-bn-«p-f-fXv. ssI-hi - ¡ - m-ct\-tbm, A-\p-`-h-{I-at¯tbm sk-änÂ-saâ v d-Pn-kvä - -dn \n¶pw Is­-¯p-hm³ BIm-¯-Xn-\m P-·nbpw Ip-Sn-bm\pw X-½n-ep-ff - _-Ôtam, Ip-Snbm-bv-ab - p-sS hn-[tam, sk-änÂ-saâ v d-Pn-kv-äÀ sIm-­p am{Xw A-dn-bp-hm³ km-[nbv-¡p-Ib - nÃ. a-e-_m-dn-se sk-änÂ-saâ v d-Pn-Ì-dp-I-fn-em-Is - «, `q-an-bn D-S-a-Ø-Xbp-f-f P-·n-sb am-{XaÃ, D-]-tbm-Km-hI - m-iw am-{X-ap-f-f Ir-jn-¡m-c-s\bpw ]-«m-Zm-c\m-bn Im-Wn-¨n-cp-¶p. Ip-Sn-bm-bv-abvt- ¡m, A-\p-`-h-{I-a, P-·nþIp-Sn-bm³ _-Ô¯nt\m AÃ, B-cmWv kÀ-¡m-cn-te-bv-¡p \n-Ip-Xn \Â-tI-­-bm-Ä F-¶p kq-Nn-¸n-bv¡p-¶-Xn-\m-bn-cp-¶p -{]m-Yan-I ]-cn-KW\. tZ-hk - zw, {_-lva - k - zw t]-cn tc-J-s¸Sp¯-s¸-« `q-an-I-fn A-¡m-e¯pw Ip-Sn-bm-·mÀ D-­m-bn-cp-¶p-sh-¶m-Wv C-Xp ImWn-bv-¡p-¶Xv. Hmtcm {]-tZ-i-t¯bpw sk-änÂ-saâ v tc-JI-sf A-Sn-Øm-\s - ¸-Sp¯n `q-an-bp-sS X-cw Xn-cn-hv Xm-sg tNÀ-¡p¶p. 28. XncphnXmwIqdnse A\p`h{Ia§Äþ (1) sk-änÂ-saâ v Im-e-s¯ (1883þ1911) - mbpw P-·w `q-an, kÀ¡mÀ `q-an- F¶p- c-­mXn-cp-hn-Xmw-Iq-dn-se `q-an-Is - f {]-[m-\a bm-Wv Xn-cn-¨n-«p-f-f-Xv. Cu c-­v X-cw `q-an-IÄ ssIh-iw h-bv-¡p-¶-hc - pw P-·n-If - pw kÀ-¡mcpw X-½n-ep-f-f _-Ôs - ¯-bm-Wv `q-an-bp-sS A-\p`h-{I-aw F-¶ hm¡p sIm­v hy-h-l-cn-bv-¡p-¶Xv.

P-·w `q-an (2) `q-an D-Û-hn-¨ Im-ew ap-XÂ ]m-c¼ - cy-am-bn A-\p-`-hn-¡m-\p-f-f A-hImi-s¯ Ip-dn-¡p-¶ hm-¡mWv “P-·m-hI - m-iw”. sk-änÂ-saâ v tc-J-IÄ {]-Im-cw


P-·m-hI - m-ia - p-f-f `q-an-Is - f D-S-aØ-X, \n-Ip-Xn F-¶n-hb - p-sS A-Sn-Øm-\¯ - n ho­pw Xn-cn-¨n-«p­v. D-S-a-Ø-X-bp-sS A-Sn-Øm-\¯ - n {_-Òkzw h-I, tZ-hkzw h-I, amS-¼n h-I F-¶n-§s - \-bm-Wv Xcw Xncn¨ncp¶Xv. \n-Ip-Xn-bpsS A-Sn-Øm-\¯n-ep-ff - Xn-cn-hp-IÄ aq-¶mWv (F)

G-Xp km-l-N-cy-¯nepw `q\n-Ip-Xn-bn \n¶pw H-gn-hm-¡-s¸-« (Freehold). `qanIfmbncp¶p Cu hn`mK¯nepÄs¸«ncp¶Xv. Bän-§Â F-S-t¡m-Sv {]-hr-¯n-If - n-se {io-]m-Zw AY-hm dm-Wn-bpsS `qan, F-S-¸f-fn C-S-h-Ib - v-¡v ]p-d-¯p-f-f N-§-\m-tÈcn, ImÀ¯n-I-¸f - fn, Xn-cp-hà {]-tZ-i-§-fn-se C-S¸ - f-fn cm-Pm-hn-sâ `-qan, ao-\¨ - n-en-se ]q-ªmÀ s]-cp-am-fn-sâ tZiw, sIm-«m-c-¡-c Xm-eq¡n-se a-Wn-I-Wv-tT-iz-cw tZ-hm-e-b-t¯m-Sv tNÀ-¶ tZiw, ]-¯\m-]pc-s¯ F-fw-Ip-¶-¸³ tZ-hm-e-b-t¯m-Sv tNÀ-¶ tZiw, sIm«m-c-¡-cb - n-se ]m-t§m-«v Ir-jv-W-kzm-an tZ-hm-e-b-t¯m-Sv tNÀ-¶ - n-bvtZ-iw, Ip-¶-¯qÀ, ]-¯-\m-]p-cw {]-tZi-s¯ a-¶m-Sn `-K-hX ¡v tNÀ-¶ tZiw, Xn-cp-hÃ-bn-se ]-\b - -¶mÀ Im-hn `-K-hX - n-bv- m-tÈ-cn-bn-se sIm-§qÀ-¸f-fn \-¼q-Xncn¡p tNÀ-¶ tZiw, N-§\ ¸m-Sv im-kvX - m-hn\pw `-K-hX - n-bv¡pw tNÀ-¶ tZiw, sIm-«m-c¡-c, ImÀ-¯n-I¸ - -ffn, am-th-en-¡c - {]-tZ-i-§-fn-se A-Ih - qÀ \-¼q-Xn, - qÀ Du-amw-]f-fn \-¼q-Xn-cn-¸m-Sncn-bp-sS tZiw sImÃ-s¯ A-Ih \p tNÀ-¶ tZiw, sN-§¶ - q-cn-se h-ªn¸p-g ]-­m-c¯ - n-sâ tZiw F-¶n-hb - mWv Cu hn-`m-K-¯n-se `q-anIÄ. d-h\yq tc-JI - -fn Cu `q-anI-sf A-[n-Im-cw H-gnhv, tZ-i-Hg - n-hv F-¶n-§s - \-bm-Wv tcJ-s¸-Sp-¯n-bn-cn-bv-¡p-¶Xv.

(_n) t\c-t¯ \n-Ip-Xn-bn \n¶pw H-gn-hm-¡n-bn-cp-¶p-sh-¦n-epw ]n¶o-Sv Nn-e hy-hØ -ItfmsS \ne\n¶ P-·w `q-an-IfmWnh. Cu hn-`m-K-¯n tZ-hkzw AY-hm B-cm-[\ - m-ebw, A\yw \nÂ-¡p¶tXm ssI-am-äw sN-¿-s¸-Sp-¶tXm B-b {_-Òkzw `q-an-IÄ F¶n-hb - m-Wv DÄ-s¸-Sp-¶Xv. (kn) cm-P-t`m-Kw AY-hm t\cn-b \n-Ip-Xn Np-a-¯-s¸« P-·w `q-anIfmbncp¶p Ch. s]-cp-¼S-¸v kz-cq]w, sIm-Sp-§ÃqÀ cm-Pmhv, ]qªm-äp s]-cp-amÄ, ]-­m-c-¯p-amÀ X-¼m-¡-·mÀ, Xn-cp-apÂ-¸m-S·mÀ, tIm-hn-e-·mÀ, ]m-enb-¯p ta-t\m³, h-Sb - m-«v No¸v (cheif), \m-«p-am-S¼ - n-amÀ, hn-tZ--i -am-S-¼n-amÀ, \m-bv-¡-·mÀ, hm-cy-·mÀ F¶n-hc - p-sS ssI-hi - ¯ - n-ep-ff - P-·w `q-an-If - mWv Cu hn-`m-K-¯n s]-Sp-¶Xv.

13


(3) P-·w h-kv-Xp-¡-fp-am-bn _-Ô-s¸-« {]-[m-\-s¸-« Ip-Sn-bm-bv-a-IÄ NphsS tNÀ¡p¶hbmWv: ]m-«hpw Im-W-hpw Im-W-¸m-«hpw þ `q-an-bn \n-¶p-­m-¡m-hp¶ B-Zmb-s¯-bpw, `q-an A-`n-hr-²n-s¸-Sp-¯p-¶-Xn-\v Ip-Sn-bm³ h-¨p-­m-¡p-¶ tZl-Þ-§-sfbpw -IW - ¡ - n-se-Sp-¯v `q-an-bv-¡p \n-Ý-bn-bv-¡p-¶ ]m-«¯ - n-s\ AY-hm hm-SI - s - b-bm-Wv AÀ-°w F-¶p ]-dª n-cp-¶Xv. Cu AÀ-°w hn-fhm-tbm hn-f-hnsâ H-cp ]¦m-tbm ]-Wamtbm I-pS- n-bm³ P-·n-bv-¡v \Â-tI-­n-bn-cp¶p. AÀ-°w ap³-Iq-dm-bn ssI-¸-äp-¶ P-·n¡v, B ap-X-en-sâ ]-en-i I-gn-¨p-f-f Xp-I-tb Ip-Snbm³ \Â-tI-­n-bn-cp-¶p-f-fp. \nÝn-X Im-e-b-f-hp tXmdpw \Â-tI-­n-bn-cp-¶ Cu kw-Jy-bm-Wv hmcw. C-§s\ `q-hp-S-abpw Ir-jn-¡m-c-\pw (b-Ym-{I-aw P-·nbpw Ip-Snbm-\pw) X-½n GÀ-s¸-«n-cp-¶ Iq-«p-¯-ch - m-Zn-¯-apff ImÀ-jn-Ih - y-hØ -bm-bn-cp¶p Im-Ww F-¶p km-am-t\y-\ hy-hl - c - n-¨n-cp¶ Ip-Sn-bm-bv-a. {]m-tZ-in-Ia - m-bpw, Imem-\p-kr-X-ambpw Im-W¯ - n-\v [m-cm-fw AÀ-°-t`-Z-§f - p-­m-bn-«p­v. AXn-sem-¶mWv, A-hI - m-i{- I-aa - m-bn Im-Whpw ]m-«hpw H-tc-ka-bw \n-e-\nÂ-¡p¶ Im-W¸ - m-«w. AÀ-°w \n-Ý-bn-¨v Ip-Sn-bm\p `q-an hn-«p-In-«p-¶-Xn-\m ]m-«h - pw, AÀ-°w aq³-Iqdm-bn P-·n ssI-¸-äp-¶-Xn-\m Im-Whpw Cu A-hI - m-i{- I-a¯ - n H-tc ka-bw \ne-\n¶ncp¶p. (i)

sh-dp-¼m«w þ {]-Xn-^e - amtbm hm-camtbm bm-sXm-cp X-c-¯n-ep(ii) f-f kw-Jybpw GÂ-¡msX, `q-an ]m-«¯ - n-\p \ÂInbncp¶Xv. H-än þ D-]-tbm-Km-\p-aX - n-tbm-sS ssIhiw \ÂIn-b `q-an-bn-t·Â Cu-Sm-bn H-cp \nÝn-X kw-Jy `q-hpS-a (P·n) Ip-Sn-bm-\n \n¶pw ssI-¸-äp-Ib - pw, Cu kw-Jy-bp-sS ]-en-i-sb-¶ \n-e-bn `q-an-bn \n-¶p-ff - B-Zm-bw Ip-Sn-bm³ X\n-¨v A-\p-`h - n-bv-¡p-Ibpw sN-¿p-¶Xv. (iii)

Ip-gn-Im-cm-× þ `q-an N-ab - -§Ä h¨pw aäpw A`n-hr-²n-s¸-Sp-¯ns¡m-ff - m-sa-¶ hy-h-Ø-bn-ep-ff ssI-h-im-\p`hw. (iv)

C-\mw þ \m-Sp-hm-gnIÄ, P-·n-IÄ Xp-S§ - n-b-hÀ G-sX-¦nepw tk(v) h-\¯ - n-tem {]-hr-¯n-bn-tem kw-{]o-Xcm-tbm, A-sÃ-¦n sN-¿p-hm³ N-«w sI-«nbn-«p-f-f G-sX-¦nepw tk-h\ - ¯nt\m {]-hr-¯n-bvt- ¡m th­n h-I-sIm-f-fnt¨m A\p-`-h-¯n-\m-bn A-\p-hZ- n-¨p \Â-In-bn-«p-f-f `q-an-If - m-Wv C-\mw `q-anIÄ. kÀ-¡mÀ h-I C\mw `q-an-I-fn \n¶pw hy-Xy-kv-X-ambn Chsb A-Sn-a, A\p-t`mKw, Xn-cp-hpffw, Xn-cp-hS- b - m-fw Xp-S§n-b t]-cp-If - n-em-Wv DÄ-s¡m-f-fn-¨n-cp-¶Xv. A-«n-t¸À þ H-cp `q-an-bn `q-hp-S-a(P-·n)bv-¡p-f-f FÃmhn-[ A-h(vi) Im-i§ - fpw Xo-dp \Â-Ip-¶Xv. (vii)

Ip-SnP-·w AY-hm A-\ym-[o-\s - ¸-Sp¯n-b P-·w `qan þ ]qÀ-®-


ambpw A-\ym-[o-\s - ¸-« tZ-hk - zw, {_-Òkzw `q-anI-sf Ip-SnP-·w F-¶p hn-fn-bv-¡p¶p. C-h kÀ-¡mÀ I-W-¡n-epÄ-s¸-«v ]-­m-ch - I - -bm-bn Xo-cp¶p. (4) taÂ-¸d-ªh - Iq-Sm-sX hn-c-f-am-bn I-­ncp-¶ Ip-Sn-bm-bv-aI - -fm-Wv Dg-hp-]m«w, D-g-thm-e, h-bÂhm-semän, D-g-shmän, ]-t«m-e, am-dm-¸m«w, sh-¨p-]m-Xn¸m«w, Ip-Sn-¸m-Xn-¸m«w, Ip-gn-bm-¸m«w, I-cw-]m«w, sh-dp-¼m-«-t¯«w, ]m-Xn-hmcw, hn¯p-]m-Xn-tX«w, hn-¯n«pw In-f¨ - p-]mXn, tNm-c-Hän, Xp-bd - m-Hän, Xp-d-¡m-cm-×, sh¨p-]m-Xn-Im-cm-×, A-©p-c­ - p-Im-cm-×, s]m-¶n-«p-Im-cm-×, dm-shmän, t\ÀHän, an-¨hm-c-Hän, H-änbpw Ip-gn-¡m-W-hpw, ]m-«hpw Ip-gn-¡m-W-hpw Xp-S§ - nb-h. kÀ-¡mÀ `q-an(5) P-·w `q-an-I-fÃm-¯ `q-anI-sf-bm-Wv kÀ-¡mÀ `q-an F-¶p hn-fn-¨ncp¶Xv. kÀ-¡mÀ `q-an-sb (F) t]-cn ]-Xn-ª `q-an (_n) ]p-d-t¼m-¡v (kn) X-cn-iv (Un) X\-Xv `q-an (C) dn-kÀhv (t^m-d-kväv) `q-an (F^v) dn-kÀ-Æv sN-¿m-¯ `q-an-IÄ F-¶n§-s\ X-cw Xn-cn-¨n-cn-bv-¡p¶p. I. t]cn ]Xnª `qanIÄþ HcmfpsStbm IpSpw_¯nsâtbm kwL¯nsâtbm Øm]\¯nsâtbm t]cn kÀ¡mÀ dh\yq IW¡n ]Xnªv A\p`hn¨p hcp¶ `qanIsf t]cn ]Xnª `qanIÄ F¶p ]d ªncp ¶p . ]« b`qan, c PntÌ Uv e m³Uv F ¶n§s\ Ct¸mÄ Adnbs¸Sp¶bn\w `qanIfmWnh. t]cn ]Xnª `qanIsf Ah ]Xn¨p \ÂInb D]m[nIÄ A\pkcn¨v Xmsg hnhcn¡pw {]Imcw thÀXncn¨n«p­v. (F) kÀ¡mÀhI Asæn ]­mchIþ kÀ¡mÀ Xs¶ P·nsb¶v hnNmcn¡s¸«ncp¶ C\w hkvXp¡fmWnh. Cu C\w hkvXp¡Ä A\p`hn¡p¶ I£nIÄ¡v In«nbn«pff DSaØmhImiw kÀ¡mcn \n¶pw t\cn«v e`n¨ncp¶XmWv. kÀ¡mcnte¡v \nÝbn¨ncn¡p¶ Icw HSp¡p¶ Imet¯mfw Cu hkvXp ¡Ä ] mc ¼c yamb n A\p`hn¡m\p w t_ m[n¨ {]Imc w A\ym[o\s¸Sp¯m\pw A[nImcap­mbncp¶p.. ]­mchI hkv Xp¡sf AhbpsS A\p`h{Iaw A\pkcn¨v Bdv {][m\ C\§fmbn Xcw Xncn¨ncp¶p. (i) ]­mchI ]m«wþ kÀ¡mÀ hkvXp¡sf bmsXmcp AÀ° _m[yXbpw IqSmsX IpSnbm³amÀ¡v ]m«ambn sImSp¯Xpw ]n¶oSv D]m[nclnXambn ]Xn¨p \ÂInh¶ncp¶Xpamb `qanIÄ (ii) ]­mchI Hänþ kÀ¡mcn \n¶pw AÀ°w ]äntbm AÀ°w ]änbXmbn KWnt¨m Hmtcm IpSnbm³amÀ¡v ]Xn¨psImSp¡pIbpw AÀ°]eni Ign¨pff ]m«w an¨hmcambn cmPt`mKt¯mSpIqSn B­p tXmdpw hm§n¨phcnIbpw sNbv X ncp¶ hkv X p¡fmWv ]­mchI Hän. (iii) C\mwþ C\mw hkv X p¡sf DÛhs¯ ASnØm\am¡n 15


t]gvkW C\mw (Hcp IpSpw_¯nt\m Bfnt\m ap³ {]hr¯nsb ASnØm\am¡ntbm AÃmsXtbm A\p`h¯n\mbn kÀ¡mcn \n¶pw sImSp¯n«pff `qanIÄ), kÀÆokv C\mw (Hcmfnt\m IpSpw_¯nt\m taem Fs´¦nepw {]hr¯n \S¯p¶ hIbv¡mbn kÀ¡mcn \n¶pw \ÂInbn«pff `qan) F¶n§s\ c­mbn XcwXncn¨ncp¶p. (iv) hncp¯nþ \nÝnX Dugnb§Ä \nÝnX kab§fn \S¯Ww F¶ \n_Ô\bv¡v hnt[bambn Aev]w Icw Npa¯n A\p`hn¡m³ A\phZn¨ncp¶ hkv Xp¡fmWv hncp¯n. (Dugnb§Ä F¶m kÀ¡mÀ Du«p]pcIÄ¡pff km[\ kma{KnIÄ G¸n¡pI, Fgp¶ff¯v {]amWn¨v ]pcIÄ sI«pI, km[\§Ä tiJcn¨v \ÂIpI XpS§nbh) (v) hntijmepff A\p`h{Ia§Äþ {]tXyIXc C\mw hkvXp¡fmWnh. BZyIme skänÂsaâpIÄ {]Imcap­mbncp¶Xpw ]n¶oSv AwKoIcn¡s¸«Xpw Icw Npa¯nbhbpamb ]­mchI IpSnP·w hkvXp¡fpw ]m«wsIm­ hncp¯n hkvXp¡fpamWv Cu hn`mK¯nÂs¸Sp¶Xv. (vi) Icw Hgnhvþ tZhkzhpw {_Òkzhpw AÃm¯ aäv FÃm hn[ Icw Hgnhv hkvXp¡fpw Cu C\¯n DÄs¸Sp¶p. (_n) kÀ¡mÀ tZhkzw hI hkvXp¡Äþ Ducm× tZhkz§sf kÀ¡mcn tNÀ¯Xn\v ap³]mbn B tZhkz§Ä¡v P·mhImiap­mbncp¶ hkvXp¡Ä apgph³ tZhkzw hkvXp¡fmbn kÀ¡mÀ IW¡n DÄs¸Sp¯n. Cu hkvXp¡sf kÀ¡mÀ tZhkzw hI hkvXp¡sf¶v Adnbs¸«ncp¶p. (kn) I­pIrjn hkvXp¡Äþ almcmPmhnsâ kz´w hIbmbn«pff hkvXp¡fmbncp¶pv I­pIrjn hkvXp¡Ä. Cu hkvXp¡fn A\p`h¡mÀ¡v Øncambn bmsXmcp AhImihpw D­mbncp¶nÃ. (Un) {io]mZw hkv X p¡Äþ {io]mZw hkv X p¡Ä I­pIrjn hkvXp¡sft]mse Xs¶ almcmPmhnsâ kz´w hIbmbpffhbmbncp¶p. F¶m {io]mZw hkvXp¡fn \n¶pff apXseSp¸v Bän§Â X¼pcm³amÀ¡v D]tbmKs¸Sp¯mambncp¶p. (C) {io]­mchI hkv X p¡Äþ {io ]ß\m`kzman t£{Xw hIbmbncp¶ hkvXp¡fmWv {io]­mchI hkvXp¡Ä. Cu hkvXp¡fpsS `cW¨paXe kÀ¡mcn \n£n]vXambncp¶p. II. ]pdt¼m¡v þ s]mXpImcy§Ät¡m s]mXpP\§fn GXm\pw hn`mK¯nsâ {]tXyI Bhiy§Ät¡m Bbn Hgn¨nSs¸«ncp¶ Icw


Npa¯nbn«nÃm¯ kÀ¡mÀ `qanIfmbncp¶p ]pdt¼m¡v `qanIÄ. s]m¶pw hnes¡Sp¯v Hgn¸n¨v Icw IpdshgpXn s]mXpImcy§Ä¡mbn D]tbmKn¨v hcp¶ `qanIfpw ]pdt¼m¡n DÄs¸«ncp¶p. III. Xcniv `qanIÄþ kÀsÆ sNbvXXpw Icw sImffn¨tXm AÃm¯tXm Bbn Kh¬saâ[o\Xbn D­mbncp¶hbpw Irjn hym]vXn¡v e`yhpw Bb `qanIsf Xcniv `qanIÄ F¶p ]dªncp¶p. C{]Imcapff `qanIsf ]pdt¼m¡n \n¶pw hIXncn¨v Xcniv F¶v tcJs¸Sp¯n kwc£n¨ncp¶p. C¯cw `qanIÄ ]Xnhn\p hnt[bambncp¶p. IV. X\Xv Nnä `qanIÄþ sIm«mc§tfm kÀ¡mÀ t£{X§tfm ØnXn sNbv Xncp¶Xpw Icw sIm­Xpamb `qanIsf kÀ¡mcns\ ]«mZmc\mbn ]cnKWn¨v Nnäbn sImffn¨Xpw F¶m ]«bw sImSp¯n«nÃm¯Xpamb `qanIfmbncp¶p X\Xp Nnä `qanIÄ. .t£{X§tfm sIm«mc§tfm Ccn¡p¶ Øe§fpw ]cnkc§fpw HgnsI X\Xp Nnäbn sIm­ asäÃm `qanIfpw ]Xn¨p sImSp¡mhp¶hbmbncp¶p. V. CShIIÄþ ]gb XncpþsIm¨n {]tZi¯p­mbncp¶ kÀ¡mÀ Bbs¡«n DÄs¸«n«nÃm¯Xpw Kh¬saânte¡v `q\nIpXn HSp¡p¶Xn \n¶pw Hgnhm¡nbn«pffXpamb Øet¯tbm, {]tZit¯tbm BWv kÀ¡mÀ IW¡pIfn ""CShI'' bmbn tcJs¸Sp¯nbncp¶Xv. CShI `qanIÄ kÀ¡mÀ `qanbmbmWv KWn¡s¸«ncp¶Xv. Infnam\qÀ, CS¸ffn, hªn¸pg, ]qªmÀ F¶n§s\ C¯c¯n \mev CShIIfmWv D­mbncp¶Xv. VI. Hgn¨nSs¸« h\§Ä (dnkÀhpIÄ)þ h\w BÎv {]Imcw Hgn¨nSs¸«ncp¶ h\ `qanIÄ AS§nb {]tZiamWv dnkÀhpIÄ. Cu `panIÄ ]Xnhn\v hnt[bambncp¶nÃ. VII. Hgn¨nSs¸« `qanIÄþ h\w BÎv {]Imcw dnkÀÆpIfm¡m³ Dt±in¨v Hgn¨nSs¸«ncp¶ `qanIfmWv Hgn¨nSs¸« `qanIÄ. Hgn¨nSs¸« `qanIfpw ]Xnhn\v hnt[bambncp¶nÃ. VIII. Hgn¨nSs¸Sm¯ `qanIÄþ dnkÀhpIfpw H gn¨nSs¸« `qanIfp w AÃmsX kÀsÆ AXnÀ¯n¡v ]pd¯v kÀsÆ sN¿msX InS¡p¶ kÀ¡mÀ `qanIsf Hgn¨nSs¸Sm¯ `panIÄ F¶p ]dªncp¶p. h\w hIp¸nsâ A[o\Xbnembncp¶ C¯cw `panIfpw Irjn¡mbn ]Xn¨psImSp¯ncp¶p.

Ip¯I¸m«w `qan (6) kÀ-¡m-cn-tâ-Xm-bn-cp-¶-Xpw, F-¶m ]m-«h - y-hØ bn-tem I-cmÀ-{]-Imctam a-äm-sc-¦nepw ssIh-iw h¨pw A-\p`-hn¨pw h-¶ncp-¶ h-kv-Xp-¡Ä. {I-b-hn{I-bw hgn-tbm, G-sä-Sp-¡Â hgntbm am-{X-ta C-h kÀ-¡mÀ A-[o-\X - b - n h-cn-Ibpf-fp F-¶X - n-\m Ch-sb {]-tXy-Ia - m-bn K-Wn-¨ncp¶p. 17


Xn-cp-¸p-hmcw (7) GsX-¦n-epw `q-an-bn \n¶pw kÀ-¡m-cn-te-bv-¡p h-tc-­p-¶ \n-Ip-Xn-bpsS \nÝn-X `m-Kw (hmcw) H-cp aq¶mw I-£n-bv¡ - v ]-Xn¨p \Â-In-s¡m-­p-f-f hy-hØ-bm-Wv Xn-cp-¸p-hm-cw. kÀ-¡mÀ sIm-Sp-¯p -ho-t«-­ I-S-§-fp-sS ]-en-ibm-tbm, t£-{X-§f - n-se A-Sn-b-´c - -§Ä \n-hÀ-¯n-bv-¡p-¶-Xn-\p-f-f {]-Xn-^e - am-tbm, [À½-Øm-]-\§ - Ät¡m a-XØ m-]-\§ - Ät¡m A-\p-hZ- n-bv-¡p-¶ A-e-h³ - tkm ]mcntXm-jn-Itam Hs¡ B-bn hy-Xy-kv-Xam-b Im-c-W§ - f - n-emWv Cu hy-hØ G-À-s¸Sp-¯-s¸-«n-cp¶Xv. kÀ-¡mÀ h-gn-bÃmsX, Xn-cp-¸p Np-a¯ - -s¸-« h-kvX - p-hn-sâ A-\p`h-¡m-c-\n \n¶pw hm-c-w ]-Xn-¨p e-`n-¨ hyàntbm Øm]-\tam hm-c-kwJy t\cn-«p ssI-¸äp-I F-¶ co-Xn-bn-em-bn-cp¶p Cu hy-hØ \-S¸ - m-¡n-bn-cp-¶Xv.

I-c-¯n Nn-e-hv (8) `q-\n-Ip-Xn-bn \n-¶p-ap-f-f sNe-hv F-¶v hm-Nn-ImÀ-°-apf-f Cu hyhØ, H-cp `q-an-bn \n-¶p-f-f \n-Ip-Xntb-tbm, A-Xn-sâ H-cp `m-Kt¯tbm B \n-IpXn-Zm-bI-\v C-f-hm-bn A-\p-hZ- n-¨v \Â-In-b-Xn-s\ Ip-dn-bv¡p¶p. 29. sIm¨nbnse A\p`h{Ia§Äþ(1) sIm¨nbn skänÂsaâ v cPnÌÀ {]Imcw Icw Npa¯mhp¶ `qanIsf \nesa¶pw ]ds¼¶pw IqSmsX DSaØXbv¡v A\pkcWambn ]­mchIsb¶pw ]pdhIsb¶pw c­mbn hn`Pn¨ncp¶p. sImÃhÀjw 1080 (F.Un. 1907) se skänÂsaâ v hnfw_c{]Imcw ]­mchI shdp¼m«mhImiapff `qanIsf {]amWambns«Sp¡pIbpw aäpff FÃm AhImi§sfbpw ]­mchI ImWw, ]pdhI, C\mw F¶n§s\ aq¶pXcw ssIhimhImi§fn s]Sp¯pIbpw sNbv X ncp¶p. ]­mchI ImWw \ne§Ä¡v ]­mchI shdp¼m«w \ne§Ä¡pff Ic¯nsâ aq¶n c­p hoXhpw ]pdhI `qanIÄ¡v shdp¼m« \ne¯nsâ c­nsem¶p hoXhpw ]d¼pIÄ¡v ]­mchI shdp¼m« ]d¼nsâ \mensem¶p hoXhpw Icw IW¡m¡nbncp¶p. ]­mchI shdp¼m«¡mÀ¡pw ]­mchI ImW¡mÀ¡pw X§fpsS ssIhiapff hkvXp¡fnt·Â ]qÀ®amb DSaØmhImiw e`n¨p F ¶p ff XmWv 1 08 0se skänÂsaâ v hnfw _c ¯nsâ khntijX. ]­mchIshdp¼m« `qanIfpsSbpw ImWw `qanIfpsSbpw Imcy¯n At¸mgs¯ ssIhi¡mcpambn t\cn«pw ]pdhI `qanIfpsS Imcy¯n P·nIfpambn«pambncp¶p skänÂsaâ v \S¯nbncp¶Xv. AXpsIm­p Xs¶ ]pdhI `qanIfpsS skänÂsaâ v P·nbpsS Iogn hnhn[ A\p`h{Ia§fnembn [mcmfw ssIhi¡mÀ D­mbncp¶p F¶p ImWmhp¶XmWv. (2) ]pdhIþ kzImcyhyànIÄ¡pw Nne s]mXp Øm]\§Ä¡pw P·mhImia­mbncp¶ `qanIsfbmWv ]pdhI F¶p hnfn¨ncp¶Xv. {_Òkzw, tZhkzw, amS¼n F¶nhcmbncp¶p C¯cw `qanIfpsS P·nIÄ. C¯cw `qanIsf XncphnXmwIqdn P·w hkvXp¡Ä F¶mWv hnfn¨ncp¶Xv. C¯cw ]pdhI `qanIsf shdp¼m«w, ImWw, Hän, ]Wbw, A\pt`mKw, ASna F¶n§s\bpff


H«\h[n A\p`h{Ia§fnembn IpSnbm·mÀ ssIhiw h¨ncp¶p. (i) shdp¼m«wþ Bhiys¸Sp¶ apdbv¡v IpSnbm·mÀ hkvXp Hgnªp sImSp¡Wsa¶ hyhØbpÄs¡mffp¶ Icmdmbn cps¶¦nepw \nÝb{]Imcapff ]m«w apdbv ¡ v sImSp¯ncp¶ Imet¯mfw bmsXmcp XSʧfpw IqSmsX hkvX p ssIhiw hbv¡p¶Xn\v Ignªncp¶p. (ii) ]W bwþ B hiys¸Spt¼mÄ ]Ww hm§n `qan Hgnbp¶Xns\bmWv ]Wbw F¶p hnfn¨ncp¶Xv. CXv Nq­n¸Wbw, sXmSp]Wbw, \neapdn Asæn IpSncp¸mSv, Ic¸Wbw AYhm sImgphnd¡¸Wbw, D­dpXn¸Wbw, Hän, s]dpaÀ°w, ssIhnSpIHän, Hänbv ¡ pw]pdw, \oÀapXÂ, P·]Wbw F¶n§s\ hyXykv X Xc¯nep­mbncp¶p. (iii) A\pt`mKw / ASnaþ C\mw Asæn A\pt`mKw F¶Xv ap ³] v sNbvXn«p ff Xp w Asæn C \n sNt¿­Xp amb {]hr¯nIÄ¡p {]Xn^eambn NmÀ¯ns¡mSp¯ hkvXp¡fmbncp¶p. NmÀ¯n hm§p¶hcpsS PmXnt`Zw t]msebpw Øm\t`Zw t]msebpw AXn\p ]e t]cpIfpw ]dªpt]m¶ncp¶p. `qan sImSp¡p¶Xv Hcp {_mÒW\mbncps¶¦n AXn\v k´Xn {_Òkzw F¶pw sImSp¡p¶bmfnsâ H¸tam tasetbm Bb {_mÒW\Ãm¯ PmXn¡mcs\¦n AXn\v A\pt`mKsa¶pw XmW PmXn¡mcs\¦n ASna AYhm IpSna F¶pw hnfn¨ncp¶p.sImSp¡p¶Xv ]pcpjs\¦n A\p`hw F¶pw kv { Xobv s ¡¦n ASnasb¶pw km[mcW ]dªph¶ncp¶p. 30. ae_mdnse A\p`h{Ia§Äþ(1) \n-Ip-Xn ]n-cn-hn-\pw d-h\yp `-c-W¯ - n-\pam-bn a-{Zm-kv {]-kn-U³-kn-bp-sS a-äp `m-K-§f - n d-b-¯vhm-cn k-{¼-Zm-b-am-bn-cp-¶p GÀ-s¸-Sp-¯n-bn-cp-¶-sX-¦n-epw a-e-_mÀ PnÃ-bn a-e-bm-f-¯n-sâ X-\Xm-b A-\p`-h{- I-a§ - f - pw Ip-Sn-bm-bv-ab - p-am-bn-cp-¶p \-S¸ - n-en-cp-¶Xv. ssa-kqÀ `c-Ww \n-e-\n-¶ncp-¶ Im-e-L-«¯ - n d-b-¯vhm-cn k-{¼-Zm-bw GÀ-s¸-Sp-¯p-hm³ {i-aa - p-­m-sb-¦nepw P-·w F-¶ k-hn-ti-jam-b A-\p-`-h-{I-a-apÄ-s¸-sS-bp-ff - a-ebm-f co-Xn-IÄ - ¡nS-bn Cu k-{¼-Zm-bw ^-e-{]-Za - m-bnÃ*. C-¡m-c-W¯ - mÂ, a-{Zm-kv {]-kn-U³kn-bp-sS s]m-Xphm-b sk-änÂ-saâ v amÀ-Ktc-J-If - n \n¶pw hy-Xn-N-en-¨p sIm­v, Xn-cp-hn-Xmw-Iq-dnepw sIm-¨n-bnepsa-¶-t]m-se a-e-_m-dnepw \-S¸ - n-en-cp-¶ a-e-bm-f¯n-sâ s]m-Xphmb A-\p`-h{- I-a§ - Ä-s¡m-¸w a-e-_m-dn-sâ X-\Xm-b A-\p-`-h-{Ia-§t- fbpw Iq-Sn DÄ-s¡m-f-fn¨p-sIm-­m-bn-cp-¶p a-e_ - m-dn-sâ d-h\yp sk-änÂ-saâ v B-hn-jv-I-cn-¨Xv. (2) 1888-þ 1904 Imes¯ kÀsÆ skänÂsaâ v {]Imcw kÀ¡mÀ P·w, \m«pImÀ P·w (Private Jernmam), C\mw F¶n§s\ ae_mdnse `qanIsf 19


aq¶mbpw Ahsb \© (Wet), tXm«w (Garden), Øncw ]p© (Occupied Dry), AØncw ]p© (Unoccupied Dry), \nIpXn sI«m¯Xv (Un assessed), ]pdt¼m¡v F ¶n§s\ Bd mb pw Xcw Xncn¨ncp ¶p . sIm¨n, Xnc phnXmw Iq À {]tZi§fnÂ\n¶p hn`n¶ambn Ipgn¡mWsa¶ A\p`h{Iaambncp¶p ae_mdn kÀÆkm[mcWambp­mbncp¶Xv. \© (wet) - tXm-Sp-Ifpw _-­p-Ifpw a-äpw \nÀ-½n-¨v sh-f-f-¯n(i) sâ e`y-X D-d-¸m-¡nbpw, `qan \n-c-¸m-¡nbpw P-e-tk-N\ - k - u-I-cy-s¯ ap³-\nÀ-¯n Ir-jn sN-¿p-¶X - n-\v X-¿m-dm¡n-bncp¶ `qan. (ii) tXm«w (garden) - H-cp G-¡d - n-\v Np-cp-§nb-Xv ]-¯v sX-t§m, AsÃ-¦n sX-s§m- ¶n-\v ]-{´-­v I-hp-t§m ]-Ip-Xn ¹mthm F-¶ \n-c-¡n hr£§tfm D­mbncp¶ `q-an.

Øn-cw ]p© (occupied dry) - hÀ-jm-hÀjw Øn-c-am-b A-\p-`h-¯n-en-cn-bv-¡p-¶-Xpw, sImÃw tXmdpw \n-Ip-Xn \nÀ-®-bn-bv-¡-s¸«ncp¶-Xpam-b Irjn-tbm-Kyam-b `qan. (iii)

AØn-cw ]p© (unoccupied dry) - Du-j-c` - q-an-It- fm Ip-dª hn-f-sh-Sp-¸p Im-e-ap-f-f CS¡m-e-hn-f-If - psS Irjn \-S¯ - p-¶tXm B-b `q-an. (iv)

(v) \n-Ip-Xn sI-«m-¯Xv (unassessed) - ImÀ-jn-Ih - r-¯n-bn \nt¶m a-tä-sX-¦nepw hn-[¯ntem B-Zm-b-sam¶pw \Â-Im-¯-Xn-\m \n-Ip-Xn Np-a-¯s¸-Sm-¯ `qan

(2) sIm¨n, Xn-cp-hn-Xmw-IqÀ {]-tZ-i-§-fn \n-e-hn-en-cp-¶ A-\p`-h{- I-a§ - Ä¡p ]p-dta, sk-änÂ-saâ v Ime-¯v a-e-_mÀ {]-tZi-¯v {]-Nm-c¯ - n-ep-­m-bn-cp-¶ Ip-Sn-bm-bv-aI - Ä C-hb - mWv. (i)

]m-«w h-t¨m, h-bv-¡msXtbm D-f-f Øn-cw Ip-Sn-bm-bv-a.

- pw ]m«w CÃm-¯-Xpw (ii) Hän þ -Cu-Sn-t·Â ap³-IqÀ XpI hm-§n-¨X F-¶m \nÝn-X Im-e-b-f-hn ssI-¨o-«v ]p-Xp-¡m-\p-f-f ^o-kv sImSp-t¡-­-XnÃm-¯-Xpam-b Ip- Sn-bm-ba v- . (iii) AÀ-°-Hän þ taÂ-¸-dª ssI-¨o-«v ]p-Xp-¡m³ ^o-kv sIm-Spt¡-­Xm-b Ip-Sn-bm-bv-a

*(`q-an-bn Ir-jn sN-¿p-¶ B-fm-Wv db-¯v AY-hm Ir-jn-¡m-c³. C-S\ - n-e-¡m-cnÃmsX, d-b¯n \n¶pw kÀ-¡m-cn-te-bv-¡v t\-cn-«v \n-Ip-Xn sIm-Sp-¡p-¶ k-{¼-Zm-bs - ¯-bm-Wv db¯vhm-cn F-¶p hn-fn-bv-¡p-¶Xv. a-e-_m-dn P-·n-amÀ, Im-W-¡mÀ, Ip-Sn-bm-·mÀ F-¶n§s\ ‘Ir-jn-¡mÀ’ aq-¶m-bn X-cw Xn-cn-ª-t¸mÄ `q-hp-S-a-I-sf-¶ \n-e-bn Io-gv¡ - p-Sn-bm-·m-cn \n¶pw ]m-«w ]-äp-¶h - c - pw, A-sÃ-¦n C-S-¯-«p-Im-sc-¶ \n-e-bn `q-hp-S-a-bv-¡p ]m-«w sImSp-¡m-\pw, Io-gv-¡p-Sn-bm-·m-cn \n¶pw ]m-«w ]-äm\pw Np-a-Xe - -s¸-«-hcpw ‘d-b¯v’ F¶ s]m-


Xp-kw-Ú-bn H-¶n-¨p Iq-Sn-b-Xn-\m A-Ê cq-]-¯n-ep-ff - d-b-¯vhm-cn k-¼Z- m-bw a-e_m-dn D-­m-bn-cp-¶nà F-¶v hneyw te-m-K³ tc-J-s¸-Sp-¯p¶p.) (iv) AÀ-°-Im-Ww þ Cu-Sn-t·Â ap³-IqÀ Xp-I hm-§n-¨-Xpw, ]m-«w

D-f-f-Xpw, F-¶m \nÝn-X Im-e-b-f-hn ]p-Xp-¡Â ^o-kv sIm-Spt¡-­-XnÃm-¯-Xpam-b Ip-Sn-bm-bv-a. X - n ]p-Xp-¡Â ^o-kv sIm-Sp-t¡-­Xm(vi) Im-Ww þ taÂ-¸-dª b Ip-Sn-bm-bv-a. - am, (vii) ]W-bw þ ]m-«w h-t¨m, h-bv-¡msXtbm D-f-f-Xpw, \n-Ýn-Xt A-\n-Ýn-Xtam B-b Im-e-b-f-hn-te-bv-¡pf-f Cu-Sp-hb - v¸v. (viii) sh-dpw-]m-«w þ ]-{´-t­m, A-Xn-e-[n-Itam hÀ-j-t¯-bv-¡pf-f

Cu-Sp-hb - v]v. (viii) Nq-­n-¸W-bw þ H-cp sImÃ-¯n I-hn-ªpw, 12 sImÃ-¯nÂ

A-[n-I-cn-bv-¡m-sX-bp-ap-f-f Cu-Sp-hb - v¸v. (ix) H-cp sImÃ-t¯-bv-¡pf-f-tXm F-t¸mÄ th-Ws - a-¦nepw A-hk - m-

\n-¸n-bv-¡m-hp-¶tXm B-b ]-Wbw. (3) ap-If - n ]-dª-h Iq-SmsX, a-e-_m-dn- k-hn-ti-ja - m-bn D-­m-bn-cp¶ Ip-Sn-bm-bv-aI - -fm-Wv Ip-gn-¡m-Whpw Im-cmbv-abpw. (i) Ipgn¡mWwþ Hcp `qan AXn \n¡p¶ ^eZmbI§fmb

hr£§tfmSpIqSn, B hr£§fn \n¶pff BZmbw A\p`hn¡p¶Xn\pw AXpt]msebpff hr£§Ä h¨p]nSn¸n¡p¶Xn\pw th­n, Hcp `qhpSabn \n¶pw (Ipgn¡mWwZmÀ) asämcmÄ¡v ssIamäw sN¿p¶Xns\bmWv 1930se ae_mÀ sS\³kn BIvSn ‘Ipgn¡mWw’ F¶p \nÀÆNn¨n«pffXv. tXm«`qanItfm aäp `qanItfm AtXm c­pw IqSntbm C{]Imcw ssIamdp¶Xn\v km[mcWbmbn ]{´­p hÀjt¯t¡m Asæn {]tXyIw {]kvXmhn¡p¶ Imet¯t¡m BWv km[pXbpffXv. Cu Imemh[n¡p tijhpw `qan ssIhiw hbv¡Wsa¦n `qhpSabv¡v \nÝnX ]Ww \ÂIn ImWw ]pXpt¡­Xp­mbncp¶p. - mbpw `h-\w ]-Wn-bp-¶ B-h-iy-¯n-te-bv-¡v X-d¸ - m(ii) Im-cm× þ {]-[m-\a «w {]-Xn-^e - -am-¡n `q-an ssI-am-äw sN-¿p-¶-Xv. C¶-s¯ a-e-¸pdw, tIm-gn-t¡m-Sv PnÃ-If - n-em-Wv C-Xv G-sd {]-Nm-c¯ - n-ep-­m-bn-cp-¶-Xv. (t£-{X-§f - n X-{´w, im´n, Ig-Iw Xp-S-§n-bh - b - v-¡v Nn-e Ip-Spw-_-§Ä-¡v A-\p-hZ- n-¨X - pw, ]m-c¼ - -cy-am-bn A\p-`-hn-¨p h-cp-¶-Xpam-b Im-cmbv-a F¶- A-hI - m-iw Cu Ip-Sn-bm-bv-ab - n \n¶pw hn`n-¶-a m-Wv). ae_mdnse aäv A\p`h{Ia§Ä¡v sIm¨n, XncphnXmwIqÀ {]tZi§fn \n¶pw Imcyamb amä§fp­mbncp¶nÃ. 21


31. ImkÀtKmUv {]tZis¯ A\p`h{Ia§Äþ(1) tIc-f-¯n-sâ a-äp `m-K§sf A-t]-£n¨v, hy-Xy-kv-Xhpw hn-hn-[h - pam-b `-c-Wc - o-Xn-IÄ-¡v hn-t[-bam-b {]-tZi- a m- W v ]gb a{Zmkv {]knU³knbnse ku¯v Im\d PnÃbnepÄs¸« Ct¸mgs¯ ImkÀ-tKm-Uv PnÃ. {]m-tZin-I \m-Sp-hm-gn-I-sf-¯p-SÀ-¶v ssa-kqÀ `-cW-¯n-sâ Io-gn h-¶-t¸mÄ Im-\d - PnÃ-bn tNÀ-¡-s¸-Sp-Ib - pw, ssa-kq-cn-sâ ]X-\s - ¯-¯p-SÀ-¶v Im-\d - Pnà hn-`P - n-bv-¡-s¸-«-t¸mÄ (1862) Z£n-W Im-\d - -bn-se H-cp Xm-eq-¡m-bn a-{Zm-kv {]-kn-U³-kn-bv-¡p Io-gn h-cn-Ib - pw sNbv-X Cu {]tZiw, `m-jm-Sn-Øm-\¯ - n-ep-ff - kwØm-\ cq-]o-Ic - -W¯ - n I-®qÀ PnÃ-bp-sS `mK-am-bm-Wv tI-c-f kw-Øm-\¯ - n- DÄ-s¸-Sp-¶Xv. ]n-¶o-Sv, 1984þemWv Im-kÀ-tKmUv H-cp PnÃ-bm-Ip-¶-Xv. a-{Zm-kv {]-kn-U³-kn-bn d-h\yq sk-änÂ-saâ v \-S¶ - Ime-L-«-¯n 1882þ1904 Im-e-¯mWv Cu {]-tZi-s¯ sk-änÂ-saâ v \S]SnIfpw ]qÀ-¯o-I-cn-¨Xv. (2) `-cW - h - y-h-Ø-bp-sS hy-Xy-kvXX - Cu {]-tZi-s¯ A-\p-`-h-{I-a-§-tfbpw Ip-Sn-bm-bv-aI - -tfbpw kzm-[o-\n-¨n-«p-f-f-Xm-bn Im-Wmw. a-e-bm-f-co-Xn-bn-ep-ff - IpSn-bm-bv-aI - f - p-sS X-\X - m-b au-en-IX - \n-e-\nÀ-¯p-t¼mÄ-¯-s¶-bpw, A-\p-`-h-{I-a§Ä `m-jm-]-ca - m-bpw {]m-tbm-Kn-Ia - m-bpw a-äp tI-c-f {]-tZ-i-§-fn \n¶pw th-dn-«p \nÂ-¡p-¶p. ImkÀ-tKm-Uv Xm-eq-¡ns\ 24 am-K-\o-kp-If - m-bpw (Maganees), am-K-\okpI-sf hn-tÃ-Pp-If - mbpw hn-`P - n-¨n-cp¶p. H-cp am-K-\o-kn At©m Btdm hn-tÃPp-I-fm-Wv DÄ-s¸-«n-cp-¶Xv. B-sI 243 hn-tÃ-Pp-IÄ C-¯-c¯ - n cq-]o-Ic - n-¨n-cp- ¶p. ssI-hi - h - k - vX - p-hn-s\ hmÀ-Kvkv (wargs) AY-hm F-kv-tä-äv F¶pw ssI-hi ¡m-sc hmÀ-Kv-ZmÀ F¶pw hn-fn¨p. C¯-cw F-kv-tä-äpIÄ- aqen (mooli), tK\n (geni) F-¶n§-s\ hn-`P - n-¡-s¸-«n-cp¶p. aq-en-sb A-Sn-Øm-\a - m-¡n-bm-Wv Ip-Sn-bm-bv-as - b¡p-dn-b¡ v- p-¶ hm-¡p-IÄ B-cw`n¡p-¶Xv. {][m-\ IpSnbmbvaIfpsS hniZmwi§Ä Xm-sg tNÀ-¡p¶p. (i) aq-e-hÀ-Kv-ZmÀ - ]m-c¼ - -cy-am-bn h-kvX - p ssIh-iw h-bv-¡m³ A-hI - mi-ap-f-f `q-hp-S-aIÄ. (ii) aq tK-\n-KmÀ-kv - Øn-cw Ip-Sn-bm-·m-À. (iii) aq-en-hÀ-Kv - ]m-c¼-cy Ip-Sn-bmbv-a. (iv) tK-\n-hÀ-Kv AY-hm kÀ-¡mÀ tK-\n-hÀ-Kv : A\yw \nÂ-¸v h-gn kÀ¡mÀ \n-b-{´-W¯n-em-Ip-¶ `q-an-. (v) apÂK-\n þ apÂ-K-\n-ZmÀ F-¶p hn-fn-bv-¡p-¶ H-cm-fp-sS t]-cn \nÝn-Xh - pw, am-äw h-cm-¯-Xpam-b ]m-«¯ - n-\v im-iz-Xa - m-bn kr-ãn-bv-¡-s¸-Sp-¶ Ip-Snbm-ba v- . (vi) NmÂ-K\n ]m-«¨ - mÀ-¯v þ H-cp `q-an kv] - -ãamtbm hyw-Kyamtbm H-cp

{]-tXy-I Im-et¯-bv¡ - m-bmepw A-sÃ-¦nepw ssIh-iw h-bv-¡p-hm³ I-cmÀ sN-¿p¶ ]m-«¨ - mÀ-t¯m, Io-gv-]m-«-¨mÀ-t¯m.


- mÀ-¯v þ Ip-sd hÀ-j-§Ä-¡p-f-f ]m-«¨ - mÀ-¯v. (vii) ssh-ZmK-\n ]m-«¨ (3) taÂ-¸-dª-Xp Iq-Sm-sX A-Shv (adavu þ simple mortgage), BÀ-hmÀ (arvar), - \-bp-ff t_m-Kym-Un A-Shv (Bhogyadi adavu), C-tem-UmÀ-hm³ (ilodarvan) F-¶n-§s ssI-hi - ]-Wb - Ip-Sn-bm-bv-abpw (mortgage of land with posession) ImkÀ-tKm-Uv \n-ehn-ep-­m-bn-cp¶p.

(_n) \nehnse A\p`h{Ia§Ä 32. kwØ m\sam« msI ASnØ m\ `q\nIpXn(t_ knIv SmI- v kv) GÀs¸Sp¯nbtXmSpIqSn skänÂsasâ v Ime¯v `qan Xcw Xncn¨v Icw \nÝbn¨ncp¶ coXn¡v {]kàn CÃmXmbn. XpSÀ¶v \S¸nem¡nb `q]cnjvIcW\nbahpw aäv ]ucmhImi\nba§fpw \qäm­pIfmbn \ne\n¶ncp¶ hnhn[bn\w IpSnbmbvaIsf Fs¶t¶bv¡pambn \nÀ¯Â sNbvXp. C¶v tIcf¯nsem«msIbpff `qanIÄ an¡hmdpw kÀ¡mÀ hIsb¶pw t] cn ]XnªsX¶p w c­n\ambn XoÀ ¶n«p ­v. C\w F¶XpsIm­À°am¡p¶Xv `qanbpsS DSaØXsb ASnØm\s¸Sp¯nbpff XcwXncnhmWv. (i) kÀ¡mÀ hI `qanþ DSaØmhImiw kÀ¡mcn ]qÀ®ambpw \n£n]vXambn«pff FÃm `qanIfpw kÀ¡mÀ hI `qanIfmIp¶p. FÃm kÀ¡mÀ hI `qanIfpw ]pdt¼m¡v `qanIfmIWsa¶nÃ. F¶m FÃm ]pdt¼m¡v `qanIfpw kÀ¡mÀ hI `qanIfmWv. kÀ¡mÀ hI `qan F¶Xn ]pdt¼m¡pIfpw Xcniv `qanIfpw kÀ¡mÀ DSaØXbnepff IcwsIm­ `qanIfpw DÄs¸Sp¶p. (F ) ]pdt ¼m ¡vþ DSaØ mhImiw kÀ ¡mcn \n£n]vXamb n« pf fXpw s]mXp B hiy§Ät¡m {Kmao Wc psS kmaqlnImhiy§Ät¡m Bbn D]tbmKn¡pItbm \o¡nhbv ¡ pItbm sNbvXn«pffXpamb \nIpXn Npa¯s¸Sm¯ `qanIfmWnh. hniZoIcWw: Xt±ikzbw`cW Øm]\§fpsStbm sI.Fkv.C._n. bpsStbm tI{µ kwØm\ kÀ¡mcpIfpsS Iognepff tImÀ¸tdj\pIfpsStbm DSaØXbnepffXpamb `qanIÄ ]pdt¼m¡nsâ \nÀÆN\¯nÂs¸Sp¶hbÃ. Icw Npa¯s¸« kÀ¡mÀhI hkvXphIIfmWnh.. tkh\hIp¸pIÄ HgnsIbpff kÀ¡mÀ Øm]\§Ä¡v ]pdt¼m¡v `qan ssIamdpt¼mÄ A¯cw `qanIÄ¡v ]pdt¼m¡v F¶ Ìmäkv \jvSs¸«v Ah IcwsIm­ `qanIfmIpsa¦nepw Ahsbms¡ `qkwc£W \nba¯nse 3þmw hIp¸p {]Imcapff kÀ¡mÀhI hkvXp¡fmbn XpScpw.

(_n) Xcn ivþ D SaØmhImiw kÀ ¡mcn \n£n]vXambn«pffXpw Irjn¡p]bpàambn«pffXpw ]Xnhn\p tbmKyhpamb 23


`qanbmWv Xcniv. (ii) t]cn ]Xnª `qanþ dh\yq dn¡mÀUpIÄ {]Imcw kzImcy hyànIfpsStbm Øm]\§fptStbm t]cn ]Xnªn«pff `qanIsf t]cn ]Xnª `qan, ]Xnhv `qan, P·w `qan AYhm ]«b`qan (cPntÌÀUv em³Uv) F¶p ]dbp¶p. 33. `qanbpsS Xcwþ `qanbpsS D]tbmK{Ias¯ ASnØm\am¡nbpff XcwXncnhmWnXv . \new, ]pcbnSw, \©, ]p©, tXm«w, tXm¸v F¶nh DZmlcW§fmWv.

****


A²ymbwþ4

em³Uv dn¡mÀUv kwc£Ww 34. em³Uv dn¡mÀUv kwc£Wwþ em³Uv dh\yq hIp¸nsâ ssZ\wZn\ `cWw Imcy£aam¡p¶Xn\p `qansb kw_Ôn¨pÅ dn¡mÀUpIÄ kwc£nt¡­Xv AXy´mt]£nXamWv . At\Iw hÀj§Ä¡v ap¼v \S¯nb dh\yq skänÂsaânt\mS\p_Ôn¨v X¿mdm¡s¸« Øncw dn¡mÀUpIÄ `qanbn Znhkw{]Xn D­mbns¡m­ncn¡p¶ amä§Ä¡\pkrXambn Bhiyamb hyXnbm\§Ä hcp¯n Gähpw \ho\amb coXnbn kq£n¡pI F¶pÅXmWv em³Uv dn¡mÀUv kwc£Ww sIm­v Dt±in¡p¶Xv. 35. skänÂsaâ v dn¡mÀUpIÄþ (1) skänÂsaâ v ]qÀ¯nbmbt¸mÄ kÀsÆ hIp¸v, em³Uv dh\yq hIp¸ns\ G¸n¨ {][m\s¸« dn¡mÀUpIÄ Xmsg ]dbp¶hbmIp¶p. (i) hntÃP v AXnÀ¯ ntbb pw AXn\I¯ pÅ kÀsh ^oÂUpIsfbpw ImWn¡p¶ hntÃPv am¸v. (ii) skänÂsaâ v Ime¯v sNbvX FÃm kÀsÆ ^oÂUpIfpsSbpw k_v Unhnj\pIfpsSbpw A¶p \nehnepÅ ]XnhpImcpsSbpw (cPnkvt{Sj³ tlmÄUÀ) hnhc§Ä AS§nb cPnÌÀ. (iii) Hmtcm kÀsh ^oÂUnsâ AXnÀ¯nIfpw B AXnÀ¯nIfpsS Afhp kw_Ôn¨ dn¡mÀUpIfpw ^oÂUnsâ {XntImW§fpw Hm^vskäpIfpw ImWn¡p¶ ^oÂUv Afhp ]pkvXIw. (iv) skänÂsaâ v Ime¯v sNbv X k_v Unhnj\pIfpsS AfhpIÄ, InS¸v, AXnÀ¯nIÄ F¶nh ImWn¡p¶ Unsshkv ¹m³ (k_v Unhnj³ kvsI¨pIÄ). (2) Cu dn¡mÀUpIÄ, skänÂsaâ v Ime¯v \nehn D­mbncp¶ dh\yq ^oÂUpIfpsSbpw kÀsh ^oÂUpIfpsSbpw hnkvXoÀWw, Afhv XpS§nb hnhc§Ä am{Xw ImWn¡p¶hbmWv. F¶m `qan ]Xnhv, PaXncn (t]m¡p hchv) `qan s]m¶pw hnebv¡v FSp¡Â, A\yw \n¸v, `qan hns«mgnb XpS§nb ImcW§fm D­mIp¶ ]pXnb k_v U nhnj\pIÄ \nan¯w dh\yq 25


^oÂUpIfnepw kÀsh ^oÂUpIfnepw A\pZn\w D­mbns¡m­ncn¡p¶ amä§Ä bYmkabw em³Uv dn¡mÀUpIfn tNÀt¡­Xv hntÃPv DtZymKØcpsS ISabmIp¶p. IqSmsX ^oÂUv Afhp ]pkvXI§sfbpw k_v Unhnj³ kvsI¨pIsfbpw AXmXv Imew ]qÀ¯nbm¡n kq£nt¡­Xpw hkvXp¡fpsS hnkvXoÀ®¯n D­mIp¶ amä§Ä tcJs¸Sp¯p¶Xn\p th­n skänÂsaâ v cPnÌdn\p Hcp A\p_Ôw X¿mdm¡n sh¨p t]mtc­Xpw hntÃPv DtZymKØcpsS ISabmIp¶p. 36. hntÃPv DtZymKØcpsS ISaIÄþ (1) em³Uv dn¡mÀUpIfpsS kwc£WmÀ°w dh\yq DtZymKØÀ \nÀhlnt¡­ tPmenIsf Ipdn¨v tIcf kÀsh am\ph c­mw hmeyw H¶mw `mK¯v hniZambn hnhcn¨n«p­v. hntÃPv DtZymKØcpsS {][m\s¸« NpaXeIsf¡pdn¨pw hntÃPv Xe¯n AhÀ sNbv X p XoÀt¡­ tPmenIsf¡pdn¨pw am{XamWv Cu A²ymb¯n {]Xn]mZn¨ncn¡p¶Xv. (2) hntà Pv Hm^okdp w hntÃPv AknÌâpw sNbn³ kÀsh ]co£mtbmKyX t\Snbhcpw kÀsh tPmenbn ]cnioe\hpw sshZKv[yhpw kn²n¨hcpw Bbncn¡Ww. hntÃPv AXnÀ¯nbnsem, AXnÀ¯n¡pÅnsem DÅ kÀsh ASbmf§Ä (kÀsh amÀ¡v) Bsc¦nepw \in¸n¡pItbm, tISp hcp¯pItbm t`Zs¸Sp¯pItbm sN¿p¶Xv \ntcm[n¡phm³ 1961 se tIcf kÀtÆ AXncSbmf \nbaw hntÃPv DtZymKØÀ¡v A[nImcw \ÂIp¶p. (3) GsX¦nepw kÀsh ASbmfw \in¸n¡pItbm tISphcp¯pItbm \o¡w sN¿pItbm t`Zs¸Sp¯pItbm sNbvXncn¡p¶Xmbn Adnhp e`n¡p¶ hntÃPv DtZymKØÀ DS³ Xs¶ hnhcw NmÀPv Hm^oksdtbm Xmeq¡v kÀsÆbsdtbm [cn¸nt¡­XmWv. 37. hntÃPv AknÌâpamcpsS ISaIÄþ (1) ]pXnb k_v Unhnj\pIfpw kÀsh ^oÂUpIfpw Af¶p Xn«s¸Sp¯n dn¡mÀUp X¿mdm¡pI. (2) Hmtcm hntÃPnepw \ne\nÀt¯­ kÀsh ASbmf§Ä Hcp \nÝnX ]cn]mSnb\pkcn¨v ]cntim[n¡pIbpw kÀsh IÃpIfpsS cPnÌÀ (cPnÌÀ Hm^v kÀsh tÌm¬kv), Ioam¸v F¶nh kq£n¡pIbpw sN¿pI. (3) ImWmXmb kÀsh IÃpIÄ (XntbmUsseäv tÌj\pw Pn.än. tÌj\pw HgnsI) ]p\:Øm]n¡pIbpw tISp ]änbhbpsS AäIpä¸WnIÄ XoÀ¡pIbpw sN¿pI. (4) kÀsh NmÀPpIfpsS A¡u­v X¿mdm¡pI. (5) kÀsÆ NmÀPv bYmkabw hkqem¡pI. (6) hntÃPnse kÀsÆ dn¡mÀUpIfpw kÀsÆ D]IcW§fpw kq£n¡pI. (7) kÀ¡mÀ hI `qanbnse A\[nIrX {]thi\w I­p]nSn¡pI.


(8) em³Uv dn¡mÀUv kwc£W¯n\p th­n dh\yq, kÀsÆ hIp¸p taeptZymKØÀ NpaXes¸Sp¯p¶ asäÃm tPmenIfpw \nÀhln¡pI. 38. ]pXnb dh\yq ^oÂUpIfpsSbpw k_v Unhnj\pIfpsSbpw AXnÀ¯n \nÀ®bhpw am¸v X¿mdm¡epwþ (1) `qanbpsS ]Xnhnsem (cPnkv{Sn), Xc¯ntem hnkvXoÀ®¯ntem D­mIp¶ amäw, Af¶p Xncn¨v am¸v X¿mdm¡s¸« Hcp kÀsh ^oÂUns\ Asæn k_v Unhnjs\ ]qÀ®amtbm `mKnIamtbm _m[n¡mw. Hcp ^oÂUns\ Asæn Hcp k_v Unhnjs\ ]qÀ®ambn _m[n¡p¶ amäw dh\yq cPnÌdpIsf am{Xta _m[n¡pIbpÅq. AhbpsS am¸nt\m AXnÀ¯nIÄt¡m bmsXmcp hyXnbm\§fpw hcp¯p¶nÃ. F¶m Af¶p Xncn¨v am¸v X¿mdm¡s¸« Hcp k_v Unhnj³ (GXv C\¯n \n¶mbmepw) ]pdt¼m¡ntebv ¡ v amäp¶Xpaqew AXnsâ AXnÀ¯nIÄ ]p\À\nÀ®bw sNt¿­n hcpt¼mÄ XlknÂZmÀ(`qtcJ) A{]Imcw ]pdt¼m¡ntebv¡v amäm³ A\phmZw \ÂInb D¯chnsâ ]IÀ¸v _Ôs¸« hntÃPv AknÌân\pw Xmeq¡v kÀshbÀ¡pw, Ab¨p sImSpt¡­Xpw {] kvXp X k_v Unhnjsâ AXnÀ¯nIÄ ]p\À \nÀ ®bw sN¿ m³ Bhiys¸tS­XpamIp¶p. XlknÂZmÀ (`qtcJ)bpsS \nÀt±iw e`n¨p Ignªm hntÃPv AknÌâ v UnamÀt¡j³ kvsI¨nepw tÌm¬ cPnÌdnepw ]pXnb kÀsÆ IÃpIÄ tNÀt¡­Xpw tÌm¬ cPnÌdnsâ c­mw tImfw t`Zs¸Sp¯n hntÃPv dn¡mÀUpIfn th­ hyXnbm\w hcp¯n hnhcw XlknÂZmÀ¡v dnt¸mÀ«p sNt¿­XpamIp¶p. am¸v X¿mdm¡s¸« Hcp k_v Unhnj³ ]pdt¼m¡n \n¶pw atäsX¦nepw C\¯ntebv¡p amäpt¼mgpw apIfn hnhcn¨ \S]Sn{Iaw A\phÀ¯nt¡­XmWv. Af¶p Xncn¨v am¸v X¿mdm¡nb Hcp k_v Unhnj³ ]pdt¼m¡n \n¶pw atäsX¦nepw C\¯ntebv¡v amäp¶Xpaqew ho­pw \ne\nÀ¯m\pÅ Bhiyw \ãs¸« kÀsÆ amÀ¡pIÄ UnamÀt¡j³ kvsI¨n \n¶pw tÌm¬ cPnÌdn \n¶pw \o¡w tNt¿ ­XmIp¶ p. hntÃP v AknÌ â v XlknÂZ mc psS \nÀt±im\pkcWw hntÃPv A¡u­pIfnepw cPnÌdpIfnepw BhiyapÅ amä§Ä hcp¯n hnhcw XlknÂZmÀ(`qtcJ)bv¡v dnt¸mÀ«v sNt¿­XmWv. (2) am¸v X¿mdm¡nb Hcp kÀsÆ ^oÂUn\v Asæn k_v Unhnj\v `mKnIamb amäw am{XamWv kw`hn¡p¶sX¦n ]pXnb kÀsh ^oÂUv Asæn k_v Unhnj³ Af¶v Xn«s¸Sp¯n am¸v X¿mdmt¡­Xpw _Ôs¸« hntÃPv dn¡mÀUpIfn Bhiyamb amä§Ä hcpt¯­XpamIp¶p. 39. ]pXnb k_v Unhnj\pIÄþ (1) \nehnepÅ Hcp kÀtÆ ^oÂUn\It¯m k_v Unhnj\It¯m ]pXnb Hcp k_vUnhnjsâ BhiyIX t\cnSp¶Xv {][m\ambpw (i) ]Xnhp amäN«§f\pkcn¨v (t]m¡phchv) \nehnepÅ Hcp kÀsh ^oÂtUm k_v Unhnjt\m D]hn`P\w sN¿pI. 27


(ii) s]m¶pwhne \nbaa\pkcn¨v Hcp ]pXnb k_vUnhnj³ sNt¿­n hcpI. (iii) \nehnepÅ Hcp kÀtÆ ^oÂUn \nt¶m k_vUnhnj\n \nt¶m ]Xnhv `qan s]m¶pw hnebvs¡Sp¡pI. (iv) kÀ¡mÀ `qan GsX¦nepw Xt±i kzbw`cW Øm]\§Ät¡m Hcp hIp¸n \n¶pw asämcp hIp¸ntebvt¡m ssIamdpI. (v) `qan hns«mgnb \nbaa\pkcn¨v hns«mgnª `qanbnepÅ \nIpXn \ndp¯Â/Ipdhp sN¿p¶Xn\p th­n hn`Pn¡pI. (vi) kÀ ¡mÀ hI `qan N«§f\pkcnt¨m ]m«¯n\v \ÂIpI.

J\\N«§f\pkcnt¨m

aä p

(vii) \nIpXn Npa¯p¶Xn\pth­n C\w Xncn¡pI. (viii) Ic¯n sIm­ `qan ]pdt¼m¡m¡n amäpI. (ix) `qan ]Xnhv N«§f\pkcn¨v `qan ]Xn¨v sImSp¡pI XpS§nb kmlNcy§fnemWv. (2) ]Xnhv amä N«§f\pkcn¨pÅ (t]m¡phchv N«§Ä) ]pXnb k_v Unhnj\pIfnsemgnsI asäÃm k_v Unhnj\pIfpsSbpw Imcy¯n tIcf kÀsh AXncSbmf \nba¯nse 6, 7, 9, 10, 11, 13 F¶o hIp¸pIÄ A\pimkn¡p¶ \n_Ô\IÄ ]ment¡­Xpw k_v Unhnj\pIÄ Af¶p Xn«s¸Sp¯n CuSpÅ kÀsÆ IÃpIÄ D]tbmKn¨v AhbpsS AXncpIÄ \nÀ®bw sNt¿­XpamIp¶p. am¸v X¿mdm¡s¸« Hcp kÀsh ^oÂUn \n¶pw Af¶p Xncnt¡­ `mK¯nsâ hnkv X oÀ®w Ccp]Xv slÎtdm AXn IqSpXtem Bbm A{]Imcw Af¶v Xncn¡p¶ `mKw Hcp ]pXnb k_v Unhnj\mbn cPnÌÀ sN¿p¶Xn\v ]Icw Hcp ]pXnb kÀsh ^oÂUmbn Af¶v Xncn¨v am¸v X¿mdmt¡­Xpw ]pXnb kÀsh ^oÂUn\v B hntÃPnse Ahkm\s¯ kÀsh \¼dn\p XpSÀ¨bmbpÅ \¼À \ÂtI­XpamWv. hn`Pn¡s¸« kÀsh ^oÂUnsâ _m¡nbpÅ `mK¯n\v AXnsâ BZys¯ \¼À Xs¶bmWv \ne\nÀ¯pI. 40. ]pXnb k_vUnhnj³ \S¸n hcp¯p¶Xn\p th­nbpÅ \S]Sn{Iawþ (1) kÀsh tPmen¡p th­n hntijm kÀsh DtZymKØsc \ntbmKn¨n«nÃm¯ hntÃPpIfn ]pXnb k_v Unhnj\pIÄ Af¶v Xncnt¡­ IrXyw hntÃPv AknÌâ v \nÀhlnt¡­XmWv. t]m¡phchv AYhm PaXncntbmS\p_Ôn¨nÅ ] pXnb k_vUnhnj\pIÄ A\phZn¨v D ¯c hmIp hm³ I£ nIÄ Paamä¯n\mkv]Zamb `qan ØnXn sN¿p¶ Xmeq¡nse XlkoÂZmÀ¡v At]£ kaÀ¸nt¡­Xp­v. At]£tbmsSm¸w \nÀ±nã ^okv HSp¡nb sNem³ ckoXpw lmPcm¡nbncn¡Ww. C{]Imcw e`n¡p¶ At]£IÄ


XlknÂZmÀ ta \S]Snbv¡mbn D¯chn«v hntÃPv AknÌân\v Ab¨p sImSp¡p¶ XmWv. C{]Imc w e`n¡p¶ At] £IÄ cP nÌ À sN¿p¶Xn\pth­n Hmtcm hntÃPnepw kÀsh am\ph aq¶mw hmey¯nse 89þmw \¼À ^md¯n Hcp k_vUnhnj³ cPnÌÀ kq£nt¡­Xpw At]£IÄ e`n¡p¶ apdbv¡v {]kvXpX cPnÌdnse H¶p apX \mep hscbpÅ tImf§Ä ]qcn¸n¨ tijw A\´c \S]SnIÄ kzoIcnt¡­XpamIp¶p. ]pXnb k_vUnhnj³ Af¶p Xncn¡p¶Xn\p ap¼mbn _Ôs¸« I£nIÄ¡v tIcf kÀsh Bâ v _u­dokv N«§fnse Bdmw \¼À ^md¯n t\m«okv \ Inbncn¡Ww. t]m¡p hc hnt\mSv A\p_ Ôn¨p Å ]p Xnb k_v Unhnj\pIÄ¡v AhbpsS ]cn[n \nÀ®bn¡p¶Xn\pÅ hyàamb AXncpIÄ CÃm¯ ]£w Af¶p Xncn¡m³ ]mSpÅXÃ. hntÃPv AknÌâ v t{SknwKv t]¸À D]tbmKn¨v ^oÂUv am¸nsâ Hcp ]IÀ¸v X¿mdmt¡­Xpw \nÀ±nã k_v Unhnj\pIÄ {]kvXpX t{SknwKn t¹m«p sNbvX tijw taep²cn¨ N«§fnse Ggmw \¼À ^md¯n k_vUnhnj³ tÌäpsaânsâ c­p {]XnIÄ X¿mdmt¡­XpamWv. kvsI¨n ]pXnb k_v Unhnjsâ AXncpIfpw AhbpsS AfhpIfpw k_vUnhnj³ tÌäpsaân Gcnbmk-I v zbÀ t]¸À D]tbmKn¨v Xn«s¸Sp¯nb ]pXnb k_vUnhnjsâ hnkvXoÀ®hpw Nph¶ ajn sIm­v tcJs¸Sp¯nbncn¡Ww. ]pXnb k_v U nhnjsâ AXncpIfpw hnkvXoÀ®hpw _Ôs¸« I£nIÄ AwKoIcn¨Xmbn Dd¸p hcp¯p¶Xn\pth­n kvsI¨nepw k_v Unhnj³ tÌäpsaânepw AhcpsS Is¿m¸v hmt§­XmWv. ]pXnb k_vUnhnj\v _Ôs¸« kÀsh ^oÂUn Ahkm\ambn \ÂInb k_v Unhnj³ \¼cnsâ XpSÀ¨bmb \¼À D]tbmKn¨v A¡antS­XmIp¶p. DZmlcWambn Hcp kÀsh ^oÂUn\v sam¯w Ggp k_ vUnhnj\p If mWpÅsX¦n ]p Xp Xmbn A\p hZ n¡p¶ aq¶ v k_vUnhnj\pIÄ¡v bYm{Iaw 8, 9, 10 F¶o \¼cpIfmWv sImSp¡pI. kÀsh ^oÂUn\v k_v Unhnj\pIsfm¶pw \nehnenÃm¯ ]£w ]pXnb k_v Unhnj\pIÄ¡v bYm{Iaw 1, 2, 3 F¶o \¼cpIÄ \ÂImhp¶XmWv. H³]Xv k_v Unhnj\pIfpÅ Hcp kÀsÆ ^oÂUnse 5, 7 F¶o k_vUnhnj\pIÄ¡v Htc kabw ]pXnb k_v Unhnj\pIÄ {]tbmK¯n hcpt¯­Xmbm \nehnepÅ 5þmw k_vUnhnj\nse ]pXnb k_v Unhnj\v 10 F¶pw 7þmw k_v Unhnj\nse ]pXnb k_vUnhnj\v 11 F¶pw A¡anSWw. k_vUnhnj³ tPmen ]qÀ¯nbm¡n Ignªm hntÃPv AknÌâ v _Ôs¸« k_vUnhnj³ ^b sam¯¯n Xmeq¡v kÀsÆbÀ¡v kaÀ¸nt¡­XmWv. C{]Imcw Xmeq¡v kÀsÆbÀt¡m XlknÂZmÀ(`qtcJ) bvt¡m kaÀ¸n¡p¶ k_v Unhnj³ ^ben NphsS hnhcn¡p¶ dn¡ÀUpIÄ AS§nbncn¡Ww. (i)

k_vUnhnj³ tÌävsaâ v (aq¶p {]Xn)

(ii)

k_vUnhnj³ kvsI¨v.

(iii) ]gb kÀsh ^oÂUnsâ Asæn k_vUnhnjsâ 29


hnhc§fS§nb em³Uv cPnÌdnsâ FI-vkv{SmIväv. (iv) \nÀ±nã ^okv HSp¡nb sNem³ ckoXv. (v)

]pXnb k_v Unhnj\pth­n kaÀ¸n¡s¸« At]£

(2) ]pXnb k_v Unhnj\pth­n hntÃPm^okn e`n¡p¶ At]£IÄ, Ah e`n¡p¶ XobXn apX ]¯p Znhk¯n\Iw k_v Unhnj³ tPmen ]qÀ¯nbm¡n Xmeq¡v kÀsÆbÀ¡v Asæn dh\yq C³kv s ]ÎÀ¡v kaÀ¸nt¡­Xv hntÃPm^okdpsS NpaXebmIp¶p. 41. t]m¡phchv kw_Ôn¨pÅ k_v Unhnj\pIsfmgnsI hntÃPv AknÌâ v X¿mdm¡p¶ asäÃm k_v Unhnj\pIfpsSbpw AfhpIÄ Xmeq¡v kÀsÆbÀ ]cntim[nt¡­Xpw Ah icnbmsW¶p t_m[yambm _Ôs¸« k_v Unhnj³ ^b \nÀ±nã kÀ«n^n¡äv klnXw XlknÂZmÀ(`qtcJ) bv¡v kaÀ¸nt¡­XpamWv. PaXncn (t]m¡phchv) tIkpIsf kw_Ôn¨nSt¯mfw hntÃPv AknÌâ v X¿mdm¡p¶ FÃm k_v Unhnj\pIfpw ""sN¡v sajÀ'' sN¿m³ Xmeq¡v kÀshbÀ _m²yØ\Ã. Ahbn Ccp]Xv iXam\w am{Xw ]cntim[n¨m aXnbmIp¶XmWv. Xmeq¡v XlknÂZmÀ(`qtcJ) k_v Unhnj³ ^b ]cntim[n¨ tijw ]pXnb k_v Unhnj\pIÄ¡v A\phmZw \ÂtI­Xpw A\´cw _Ôs¸« ]cntim[\bv¡pw ]pXp¡nb dn¡mÀUn\pw th­n kÀsh kq{]­n\v Ab¨p sImSpt¡­XpamIp¶p. kÀsh kq{]­v Hmtcm kvsI¨pw _Ôs¸« kÀsh ^oÂUnsâ ]gb AfhpIfpambn H¯p t\m¡n ]pXnb k_v Unhnj\pIfpsS t¹m«nwKnepw AfhpIfnepw kmt¦XnI ]cntim[\ \S¯n ]pXnb k_v Unhnj\pIÄ DÄs¡mÅp¶ kÀsh ^oÂUnsâ ]pXnb kv s I¨pw (aq¶p {]Xn) Hmtcm k_v U nhnjsâbpw hnkvXoÀ®s¯ ImWn¡p¶ Gcnbm enÌpw X¿mdmt¡­Xpw C{]Imcw X¿mdm¡p¶ kvsI¨nsâbpw Gcnbm enÌnsâbpw c­p {]XnIÄ hoXw XlknÂZmÀ¡v Ab¨psImSpt¡­XpamWv . ]pXnb k_v Unhnj\pIÄ A\phZn¡p¶Xv s]m¶pw hne tIknt\mS\p_Ôn¨mbm ksI¨nsâbpw Gcnbm enÌnsâbpw aq¶p {]XnIÄ hoXw s]m¶pw hne XlknÂZmÀ¡v Ab¨p sImSpt¡­XmWv . ]pXnb k_v U nhnj\pItfmS\p_Ôn¨v hntÃPv dn¡mÀUpIfn Bhiyamb amäw hcp¯p¶Xn\p th­n kÀsh kq{]­n \n¶pw e`n¡p¶ ]pXp¡nb kvsI¨pw ""Gcnbm'' enÌnsâ c­p ]IÀ¸pw XlknÂZmÀ(`qtcJ) _Ôs¸« hntÃPv AknÌân\v Ab¨p sImSp¡Ww. Cu dn¡mÀUpIÄ Xmeq¡n \n¶pw e`n¨p Ignªm DS³ Xs¶ hntÃPv dn¡mÀUpIfn Bhiyamb amäw hcp¯pIbpw A{]Imcw amäw hcp¯nb hnhcw km£ys¸Sp¯n Gcnbm enÌnsâ Hcp {]Xn XlknÂZmÀ(`qtcJ) bv¡v Ab¨p sImSp¡pIbpw sNt¿­Xv hntÃPv AknÌânsâ ISabmIp¶p. Gcnbm enÌnsâ Hcp {]Xn hntÃPm^okn kq£nt¡­XmWv. 42. ^oÂUv Afhv joäpIÄþ hntÃPv B^okn kq£n¨p t]mcp¶ kÀsh


^oÂUpIfpsS Afhp joäpIfn (HdnPn\ kÀsh sajÀsaâ v joäv) bmsXmcp ImcWhimepw amä§Ä H¶pw Xs¶ hcp¯m³ ]mSpÅXÃ. F¶m hÀjw tXmdp w kÀ sh ^o Up If n D ­mIp ¶ amä§tf mS\p _Ô n¨v X¿mdm¡s¸Sp¶ ^oÂUv Afhp joäpIÄ Hmtcm hÀjt¯bv¡pw {]tXyIw Xp ¶n sI« n hmÀjnI sab nâ\³kv _p ¡mbn kq£ n¡pIbp w amÀ¤\nÀt±i¯n\p th­n ""sabnâ\³kv _p¡v t\m¡pI'' Fs¶mcp Ipdn¸v X¿mdm¡n ]gb ^oÂUv Afhp joäpItfmsSm¸w H«n¨phbv¡pIbpw thWw. AXmXv hÀj¯n sabnâ\³kv _p¡n kq£n¨n«pÅ ^oÂUv Afhv joän amäw D­mIp¶ ]£w A{]Imcw amäw D­mIp¶ joäpIÄ d±m¡n \o¡w sNt¿­Xpw \o¡w sN¿p¶ joäpIfn d±m¡n F¶v ]pds¯gp¯v tcJs¸Spt¯­XpamIp¶p. A©p hÀjw IqSpw tXmdpw C{]Imcw X¿mdm¡s¸Sp¶ hmÀjnI sabnâ\³kv _p¡pIÄ {Iam\pKXambn tNÀ¯v {]tXyIw hmey§fmbn kq£n¡pIbpw thWw. Hmtcm hntÃPm^oknepw AXmXv hntÃPnse FÃm kÀsh ^oÂUpIfpsSbpw k_v Unhnj\pIfpsSbpw hnkvXoÀ®w tcJs¸Sp¯p¶ Hcp Gcnb enÌv, kÀsh am\phense 92þmw \¼À ^md ¯n kq £nt¡­XmWv . kÀ sh ^o Up IÄ¡p w k_ v Unhnj\pIÄ¡pw ImemIme§fn D­mIp¶ amä§Ä Cu enÌn tcJs¸Sp¯m³ hntÃPv DtZymKØÀ {]tXyIw {i²n¡Ww. ]pXnb kÀsh ^oÂUpIfp­mIpt¼mÄ Ah hntÃPm^okn kq£n¨n«pÅ hntÃPv am¸n Xmeq¡v kÀsÆbsds¡m­p t¹m«p sN¿nt¡­XmWv. 43.^ oÂUv am¸ nsâ ]I À¸ v X¿m dm ¡p¶Xns\bpw hnXcW w sN¿p¶Xns\bpw kw_Ôn¨v þ ^oÂUv ta¸pIfpsS ]IÀ¸n\p th­n _Ôs¸« XlknÂZmÀ¡v At]£ kaÀ¸n¡mhp¶XmWv. At]£I³ \nÀ±nã ^okv HSp¡nb nc n¡Ww . C {] Imcw e`n¡p¶ At] £IÄ XlknÂZmÀ(`qtcJ) am¸v X¿mdm¡p¶Xn\p th­n hntÃPm^okntebv¡v Ab¨psImSpt¡­Xpw hntÃPv AknÌâ v At]£Isâ Bhiym\pkcWw _Ôs¸« ^oÂUv am¸nsâ ]IÀ¸v X¿mdmt¡­XpamWv. hntÃPm^okÀ C{]Imcw X¿mÀ sNbv X ^oÂUv am¸nsâ ]IÀ¸v hntÃPm^okn kq£n¨n«pÅ Gähpw ]pXnb kvsI¨pambn H¯p t\m¡nbtijw ^b ¹m\nsâ Hcp ]IÀ¸v klnXw XlknÂZmÀ(`qtcJ) bv¡v kaÀ¸nt¡­XmWv. ]Xnhv `qanIfpsS AXnÀ¯nIÄ IrXyambn ImWn¨p sImSp¡p¶Xn\pw `q DSaIÄ¡v \nÀ±nã ^okv HSp¡nb sNem³ klnXw XlknÂZmÀ(`qtcJ) ap¼msI At]£ kaÀ¸n¡mhp¶XmWv. 44. kÀsh ASbmf§fpsS kwc£Wwþ tIcf kÀsh AXncSbmf N«§f\pkcn¨v `qanbn \ne\nÀt¯­ ASbmf§Ä Xmsg ]dbp¶hbmWv. (i)

XntbmUsseäv tÌj\pIÄ

(ii)

kÀsh ^oÂUpIfpsS AXncpIfnse hfhpIfnepÅ kÀsh 31


IÃpIÄ (iii) kÀsh ^oÂUpIfnse kÔn (Pw£³) IfnepÅ kÀsh IÃpIÄ. (iv) Pn sse\pIfpw t_kv sse\pIfpw Ahkm\n¡p¶ `mK¯pÅ kÀsh IÃpIÄ. (v)

k_v Unhnjsâ AXnÀ¯nbnepÅ hfhpIfnse kÀsh

IÃpIÄ. (vi) Pn.]n.Fkv. tÌj\pIÄ 45. kÀtÆ ASbmf§Ä kw_Ôn¨ cPnÌdpIÄþ (1) Cu kÀsh ASbmf§Ä kwc£n¡p¶Xn\pth­n Hmtcm hntÃPm^oknepw NphsS hnhcn¡p¶ cPnÌdpIÄ kq£nt¡­XmWv. (i) kwc£nt¡­ kÀsh ASbmf§fpsS hnhc§Ä ImWn¡p¶ Ioam¸v AYhm UoamÀt¡j³ kvsI¨v. (ii) XntbmUsseäv tÌj\pIfnse kÀsh¡ÃpIfpsS hnhc§Ä ImWn¡p¶ tÌm¬ cPnÌÀ "F'. (iii) ^oÂUp tÌmWpIsf ImWn¡p¶ cPnÌÀ (tÌm¬ cPnÌÀ _n) (iv) AIvt\mfPvsaâ v cPnÌÀ. (v) kÀ sh ASb mf §Ä ] pXp¡p¶ Xns\bp w Ahbp sS AäIpä¸WnIÄ XoÀ¡p¶Xns\bpw kw_Ôn¨ cPnÌÀ. (vi) kÀsh IÃpIfpsS tÌm¡v cPnÌÀ. (2) Xmeq¡v kÀshbdpsS taÂt\m«¯n Hcp hntÃPn \ne\nÀt¯­ FÃm kÀsh ASbmf§fpw UnamÀt¡j³ kvsI¨n A¡antS­Xv hntÃPv AknÌânsâ IÀ¯hyamIp¶p. XntbmUsseäv tÌj\pIÄ¡v Npa¶ ajnbn Hmtcm hntÃPnepw XpSÀ¨bmb {Ia\¼cpIfpsS ]c¼c D]tbmKnt¡­XmWv. hntÃPv AXnÀ¯nbnse kÀsh ASbmf§Ä¡v hntÃPnsâ hS¡p ]Snªmsd Zn¡n \n¶pw {]Z£nWambn (t¢m¡v sshkv) {Ia\¼cpIÄ \ÂtI­Xpw JÞ§fpsSbpw ssa\À kÀIyq«pIfpsSbpw AXnÀ¯nbnepÅ kÀsh IÃpIÄ¡v hntÃPv AXnÀ¯nbnse kÀsh ASbmf§Ä¡v \ÂInbn«pÅ \¼cpIfpsS XpSÀ¨bmbpÅ \¼cpIÄ \ÂtI­XpamWv. CXntebv¡p th­n kÀsh ^oÂUpIfpsSbpw ]pdt¼m¡v k_vUnhnj\pIfpsSbpw AXncpIÄ am{Xw ImWn¡p¶ Ccp]Xp apX ap¸Xphsc kÀsh ^oÂUpIfS§nb UnamÀt¡j³ kvsI¨pIÄ I«nbpÅ t]¸dn X¿mdm¡n kq£n¡pIbpw


thWw. 46. kÀtÆ IÃpIfpsS ]cntim[\þ (1) tÌm¬ cPnÌdn tcJs¸Sp¯nbn«pÅ Hmtcm kÀsh IÃpw km[mcWbmbn hÀj¯n Hcp {]mhiysa¦nepw hntÃPv AknÌâ v ]cntim[nt¡­XmWv. F¶m {]mtbmKnIambn CXp km[yaÃm¯ ]£w ]cntim[\bpsS Imemh[n Hcp hÀj¯n IqSpX \o«mhp¶XpamWv. F¶m {]XnhÀjw IpdªXv 1000 kÀsh IÃpIsf¦nepw ]cntim[nt¡­Xpw hntÃPnse FÃm kÀsh IÃIfpsSbpw ]cntim[\ A©p hÀj¯n Ihnbm¯ Imebfhn\pÅn ]qÀ¯nbm¡nbncnt¡­XpamIp¶p. CXn\pth­n Xmeq¡v kÀshbÀ ap³Iq«n Hcp k©mc ]cn]mSn X¿mdm¡n kÀsh kq{]­nsâ AwKoImcw hm§n hntÃPv AknÌân\p ssIamtd­XmWv. ]cntim[\ thfbn IÃv icnbmb \nebn ImWp¶ ]£w tÌm¬ cPnÌdnsâ aq¶mw tImf¯n "\nehnep­v' F¶pw AÃm¯ ]£w "ImWmXmbncn¡p¶p', "]pd¯mbncn¡p¶p' a®v sIm­v/kkymZnIÄ sIm­v aqSs¸«ncn¡p¶p F¶n§s\ ]cntim[\bn ImWp¶ {]Imchpw tcJs¸Sp¯n Is¿m¸pw XobXnbpw hbvt¡­XmWv. (2) kÀsÆ IÃpIÄ `qanbn \n¶pw ]pd¯mbncn¡pItbm Nmªp \n¡pItbm aqSs¸«ncn¡pItbm AhbpsS \of¯n aq¶nsemcwiw a®n\p ap If n D bÀ ¶p \n ¡mXncn¡p Itbm sN¿ p¶ ] £w Ahsb AäIpä]WnIÄ¡v hnt[bamt¡­XmWv. Hcp kÀsÆ¡Ãv ]pXp¡pItbm tISp]mSp XoÀ¡pItbm sNt¿­nhcpt¼mÄ hntÃPv AknÌâ v kÀsh AXncSbmf \nba¯nse 15(2)-mw hIp¸\pkcn¨v 1þmw \¼À ^md¯n `q DSabv¡v t\m«okv \ÂtI­Xpw AIv t\mfPvs aâ v cPnÌdn AbmfpsS ssI¸äv hmt§­XpamWv. t\m«okv ssI¸än 15 Znhk¯n\pÅn `q DSa kÀsh IÃv ]pXp¡pItbm tISp]mSp XoÀ¡pItbm sN¿p¶Xn hogvN hcp¯p¶Xmbm hntÃPv AknÌâ v B tPmen kÀ¡mÀ sNehn \nÀhlnt¡­Xpw sNehmb XpI I£nbn \n¶pw CuSmt¡­XpamWv. (3) XntbmUsseäv tÌmWns\ kw_Ôn¨nSt¯mfw `q DSabv¡v H¶mw \¼À ^md¯n t\m«okv \ÂIn¡gnªmepS³ Xs¶ hntÃPv AknÌâ v \ãs¸« tÌmWnsâ Øm\w ImWn¡p¶ Hcp kvsI¨v X¿mdm¡n Xmeq¡v kÀtÆbÀ¡v \ÂtI­XmWv. 47. XntbmUsseäv IÃpIfpsS ]cntim[\þ km[mcWbmbn XotbmUsseäv IÃpIsfmgnsIbpÅ kÀsh IÃpIÄ ]p\Øm]n¡pItbm tISp]mSpIÄ XoÀ¡pItbm sNt¿­Xv hntÃPv AknÌâ v BIp¶p. C{]Imcw sN¿p¶Xn\p ap¼mbn `q DSa t\m«okv ssI¸än 15 Znhkw ]qÀ¯nbmtbm F¶p cPnÌÀ t\m¡n Dd¸p hcpt¯­Xp­v. Ignbp¶Xpw kÀsh IÃpIÄ ]pXp¡pItbm tISp ]mSp IÄ XoÀ ¡p Itbm sN¿ p¶ Xv _ Ôs¸« I£nIf psS km¶n²y¯nemIm³ {iant¡­XmWv. F¶m I£nIÄ lmPcmIm¯ ]£w AhcpsS Akm¶n²y¯nepw Cu tPmen sNbvXp XoÀ¡mhp¶XmWv. kÀsh 33


ASbmf§Ä ]pXp¡pItbm tISp]mSp XoÀ¡pItbm sNbvXp Ignªm hntÃPv AknÌâ v hnhcw cPnÌdnse A©mw tImf¯n "]pXp¡n'/ "tISp]mSpIÄ XoÀ¯p' F¶n§s\ BhiyapÅ dnamÀs¡gpXn Is¿m¸pw XobXnbpw tcJs¸Spt¯­XmWv. ImWmXmb Hcp kÀsh IÃnsâ Øm\w td mUntem \Znbnte m hc p¶ Xp \nan¯ w AXv ]p \x Øm]n¡m³ km[n¡m¯Xn\m tÌm¬ cPnÌdnse A©mw tImf¯n "Dt]£n¨p' F¶ dnamÀ¡v tcJs¸Sp¯mhp¶XmWv. F¶m tÌm¬ cPnÌdn \n¶pw {]kvXpX kÀ sh ASb mf w \o ¡w sN¿ m³ ] mSpÅXà .kÀsh ASbmf§Ä BhiyapÅXpw F¶m Øncamb sI«p]mSpIÄ sIm­p (am³kWdn kv{SIvNÀ) CuSpÅ AXncpIÄ \nÀ®bw sNbvXn«pÅXpamb Øe§fnepw kÀsh IÃpIÄ Øm]nt¡­ Bhiyw CÃ. tÌm¬ cPnÌdn ‘am³kWdn’ F¶p tcJs¸Sp¯nbm am{Xw aXnbmIpw. F¶m C§s\bpÅ sI«p]mSpIÄ \o¡w sN¿s¸Sp¶ ]£w kÀsh ASbmfw ImWmXmbXmbn IcptX­Xpw kÀsh ASbmfw ]p\Øm]nt¡­XpamIp¶p. 48. kÀtÆ ASbmfw ]p\xØm]n¡p¶Xn\pff sNehpIÄþ (1) kÀsh ASbmfw ]p\xØm]n¡p¶Xn\pw tISp]mSpIÄ XoÀ¡p¶Xn\pw `qDSabn \n¶pw kÀ¡mÀ ImemIme§fn \nÝbn¡p¶ XpI CuSmt¡­XmWv. kÀsh ASbmfs¯ kv]Àin¡p¶ ]Xnhv `qanIfpsS DSaIfn \n¶pw XpI Xpeyambpw kÀ¡mÀ `qansbbpw ]Xnhp `qansbbpw kv]Àin¡p¶ kÀsh ASbmf§fpsS Imcy¯n XpI apgph³ `q DSa/DSaIfn \n¶pw CuSmt¡­XmWv, kÀsh ASbmf§Ä ]p\xØm]n¡pItbm tISp]mSpIÄ XoÀ¡pItbm sNbvX p Ignªm hntÃPv AknÌâ v 20þmw \¼À ^md¯n (kÀsh am\ph aq¶mw hmeyw) sNehmb XpIbpsS hnhc§Ä ImWn¡p¶ Hcp tÌävsaânsâ aq¶p {]Xn X¿mdm¡n c­p {]Xn XlknÂZmÀ(`qtcJ) bv¡v kaÀ¸n¡pIbpw Hcp {]Xn hntÃPm^okn kq£n¡pIbpw thWw. kÀ¡mÀ sNehn ]pXpt¡­ kÀsh ASbmf§sf kw_Ôn¨nSt¯mfw hntÃPv AknÌâ v 20þmw \¼À ^md¯n asämcp tÌävsaâpw XlknÂZmÀ(`qtcJ) bv¡v kaÀ¸nt¡­Xp­v. (2) kÀsh ASbmf§Ä ]cntim[n¡p¶Xnsâbpw AhbpsS tISp]mSpIÄ XoÀ¡p¶Xnsâbpw ]ptcmKXnsb ImWn¡p¶ Hcp cPnÌÀ 80þmw \¼À ^md¯n (kÀsh am\ph aq¶mw hmeyw) Hmtcm hntÃPm^oknepw kq£nt¡­XmWv. hntÃPv AknÌâ v Hmtcm amkmhkm\hpw Cu cPnÌÀ FgpXn ]qÀ¯nbmt¡­Xpw, cPnÌdnsâ FI-vkv{SmÎnsâ c­p {]Xn XpSÀ¶p hcp¶ amkw A©mw XobXnbv¡p ap¼mbn dh\yq C³kvs]ÎÀ/Xmeq¡v kÀsÆbÀ apJm´ncw XlknÂZmÀ¡v kaÀ¸nt¡­XpamIp¶p. XotbmUsseäv tÌj\pIfnsebpw hntÃPv AXnÀ¯nbnsebpw kÀsh amÀ¡pIÄ hntÃPv AknÌâ v bmsXmcp ImcWhimepw ]p\xØm]n¡m³ ]mSpÅXÃ. 49. kÀsh AUzm³kv A¡u­v þ Hmtcm hntÃPnsebpw Uns¸mbn kq£n¡p¶ kÀsh IÃpIfpsS tÌm¡p hnhcw ImWn¡p¶ Hcp cPnÌÀ 82þmw


\¼À ^md¯n (kÀsh am\ph aq¶mw hmeyw) hntÃPm^okÀ kq£nt¡­XmIp¶p. C{]Imcw kq£n¡p¶ kÀsÆ¡ÃpIÄ kÀ¡mÀ Bhiy¯n\v D]tbmKn¡mhp¶Xpw `q DSaIÄ¡v \nÀ±nã hnebv ¡ v hn¡mhp¶XpamWv. kÀsh IÃpIÄ hnäp In«p¶ XpIbpw `q DSaIfn \n¶pw kÀsh amÀ¡pIÄ ]p\xØm]n¡pIbpw tISp]mSpIÄ XoÀ¡pIbpw sN¿p¶ C\¯n CuSm¡p¶ XpIbpw At¶ Znhkw Xs¶ \mÄhgnbn hchp hbv¡pIbpw I£nIÄ¡v än.BÀ. 5þmw \¼À ^md¯n ckoXv \ÂIpIbpw sNt¿­XmWv. BhiyapÅ kÀsh ASbmf§Ä tÌm¡v sN¿p¶Xn\pth­n {]tXyIw kÀsh AUzm³kv A\phZn¡p¶XmWv . C{]Imcw e`n¡p¶ AUzm³kv XpIbpsS hchv sNehv IW¡p ImWn¡p¶Xn\pth­n hntÃPv AknÌâ v 83þmw \¼À ^md¯n Hcp {]tXyI cPnÌÀ kq£nt¡­Xpw Hmtcm amkmhkm\hpw F¶m XpSÀ¶p hcp¶ amkw ]¯mw XobXnbv¡p ap¼mbpw AUzm³kv XpIbn \n¶pw sNehmb XpI hos­Sp¡p¶Xn\p th­n kÀsh kq{]­n\p A¡u­v hnhcw ImWn¡p¶ Hcp tÌäv s aâpw _nÃpIfpw kaÀ¸nt¡­XpamWv. C{]Imcw kaÀ¸n¡p¶ tÌävsaâ v Hm^v A¡u­n (1) A\phZn¨ XpI (2) amkmZy¯n AUzm³kn\¯n _m¡n \n¡p¶ XpI (3) X³amkw sNehmb XpI (4) X³amkw hos­Sp¯ (doIq¸v sNbvX XpI) (5) \o¡n _m¡n (6) sNehn\§fpsSbpw XpI hos­Sp¡m³ lmPcm¡nb _nÃpIfpsSbpw hnhc§Ä (_n \¼À, XobXn, XpI) (7) dnamÀ¡v F¶o hnhc§Ä AS§nbncn¡Ww. 50. Unt¸mbn tÌm¡v sNt¿­ kÀsh IÃpIÄ tIm¬{SmÎdn \n¶pw e`n¨p Ignªm DS³ Xs¶ Ah \nÝnX t^md¯n kq£n¡p¶ tÌm¡v cPnÌdn hchp hbvt¡­Xpw hnhcw hntÃPv B^okÀ, kÀsh kq{]­n\p dnt¸mÀ«p sNt¿­XpamWv . kÀsÆ ASbmf§fpsS AäIpä]WnIÄ ]qÀ¯nbm¡n Ignªm DS³ Xs¶ hntÃPv AknÌâ v sNehmb XpIbpsS hniZhnhc§Ä ImWn¡p¶ Hcp _nÃnsâ aq¶p {]XnIÄ 20þmw \¼À ^md¯n X¿mdm¡n aq¶p Znhk¯n\Iw Unt¸m cPnÌdnsâ FI-vkv{SmÎv, C³sUâ v, hu¨dpIÄ F¶nh klnXw kÀsh kq{]­n\v Abbvt¡­XmWv.

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35


A²ymbw þ 5

\nIpXn ]ncnhpw HSp¡pw 51. `q\nIpXn AYhm em³Uv dh\yqþ (1) em³Uv dh\yq hIp¸v Npa¯p¶ hnh[bn\w \nIpXnIÄ ]ncns¨Sp¯v bYmkabw JP\mhn HSp¡pI F¶Xv hntÃPv Hm^okdpsS Gähpw {][m\s¸« NpaXeIfnsem¶mWv. em³Uv dh\yq AYhm `qanbn Npa¯s¸« s]mXp\nIpXn F¶XpsIm­v AÀ°am¡p¶Xv em³Uv dh\yq hIp¸v aptJ\ Npa¯s¸«XmhpIbpw `qanbnt·Â Npa¯s¸« \nIpXnItfm ^okpItfm skÊpItfm Bbncn¡pIbpw sN¿pI F¶XmWv. `qanbnt·tem, `qanbpambn _Ôs¸t«m em³Uv dh\yq hIp¸v Npa¯p¶ ASnØm\ `q\nIpXn, tXm« \nIpXn, t]m¡phchv ^okv, sI«nS \nIpXn, kÀtÆ NmÀPv F¶nhsbÃmw `qanbnt·Â Npa¯s¸« s]mXp\nIpXnIfmWv. em³Uv dh\yq C\§sf NphsS tNÀ¡pw {]Imcw thÀXncn¨n«pÅXmWv. `q\nIpXnIÄ

ASnØm\ `q\nIpXn

LROBT

k©mbw

]ehI

(2) `q\nIpXnIsf {]mYanIambn ASnØm\ `q\nIpXn, ASnØm\ `q\nIpXn HgnsIbpÅ aäv `q\nIpXnIÄ (Land Revenue other than Basic Tax) F¶n§s\ c­mbn Xcw Xncn¨ncn¡p¶p. LROBT F¶Xns\ ho­pw k©mbw, ]ehI F¶n§s\ hn`Pn¨n«pÅXmWv. 52. k©mbhpw ]ehIbpw-þ (1) ASnØm\ `q\nIpXn HgnsIbpÅ em³Uv dh\yq hchn\§fmWv k©mbhpw ]ehIbpw. Hcn¡Â \nÀ®bn¨ \nIpXn ]pXp¡n \nÀ®bn¡m¯nSt¯mfw AtX XpI Xs¶ FÃm hÀjhpw CuSmt¡­n hcp¶bn\w BhÀ¯\ kz`mhapÅ \nIpXnIsfbmWv k©mbw F¶XpsIm­v AÀ°am¡p¶Xv. tXm« \nIpXn, BUw_c \nIpXn, ]m«w


AYhm eokv F¶nh k©mbw C\¯nepff hchpIfmWv. shff¡cw C\¯nepff hchpIÄ k©mb¯ntem ]ehIbntem DÄs¸Spt¯ ­XnÃm¯XmWv. Cu C\¯nte¡mbn {]tXyI apXÂþ ]ncnhv þ _m¡n ]{XnI X¿mdm¡n kq£n¨m aXnbmIp¶XmWv. (2) k©mbw HgnsIbpÅ asäÃm C\w dh\yq hchn\§fpw ]ehIbn DÄs¸Sp¶p. t]m¡phchv ^okv, Unamâ v t\m«okv]Sn, sI«nS\nIpXn, If£³ NmÀPv, `qkwc£W \nba{]ImcapÅ ]ngbpw \ã]cnlmchpw, FÂ.BÀ ]eni, kÀtÆ NmÀÖv, ¹m³ ^okv, A[nI¯­Â F¶nhsbms¡ ]ehI dh\yq hchn\§Ä¡pZmlcW§fmWv. Unam³UnÃmsXtbm Cc«n¸mtbm ]ncnhp h¶ XpIIfmb A[nI¸ncnhpIsf Pam_´nbn ]ehIbnse Hcp {]tXyI C\ambn DÄs¸Sp¯n apXepw ]ncnhpw ImWn¨v {IaoIcn¡pIbmWv sN¿p¶Xv. C ¯c ¯n A[nI¸ncnhns\ ] ehIb ne pÄs¸ Sp ¯p t¼mÄ Ah A[nI¯­Â F¶dnbs¸Spw. (3) `q\nIpXn HgnsIbpÅ FÃm em³Uv dh\yq apXepIfpw km¼¯nI hÀjmcw`¯n Xs¶ apX tNÀt¡­Xpw bYmkabw ]ncns¨Sp¯v JP\mhn HSp¡phcpt¯­Xpw hntÃPv DtZymKØcpsS ISabmIp¶p. F¶m ASnØm\ `q\nIpXn Pam_´nbnemWv \nÀ®bn¡p¶sX¶Xn\m G{]n amkw apX sk]vXw _À amkw hscb pÅ ASnØm\ `q\nIpXnbn\¯nepÅ ]ncnhp XpIIÄ AXmXp amk§fnse apXepIfmbn tNÀ¯m aXnbmIp¶XmWv . Pam_´nbn \nÀ®bn¡p¶ ASnØm\ `q\nIpXn apXen (Demand) G{]n apX sk]vXw_À hsc ]ncnhp h¶ XpI Ign¨v Ahtijn¡p¶ XpI HtÎm_À amkmcw`¯n H¶msI ASnØm\ `q\nIpXn apXembn (Demand) hIsImÅnt¡­XmWv. k©mbw XpS§nbpÅ FÃm C\§fpsSbpw ]pXpapXepIÄ FÃm km¼¯nI hÀjhpw G{]n H¶mw XobXnXs¶ apX sImÅnt¡­XmWv. 53. Inkv X pw Inkv X p _µnbpwþ ASnØm\ `q\nIpXnbpw k©mbw C\¯nepÅ XpIIfpw ]ncns¨mSp¡p hcpt¯­ \nÀ±nã XobXn Hmtcm km¼¯nI hÀjhpw HtÎm_À 15 Bbn \nPs¸Sp¯nbn«p­v. asäÃm em³Uv dh\yq hchn\§fpsSbpw \nÀ±nã XobXn Unamâ v t\m«okn kqNn¸n¨n«pÅ \nÀ±nã XobXnIÄ BIp¶p. C¯c¯n \nIpXnIÄ kzoIcn¡p¶Xn\mbn \nÝbn¨n«pÅ {]Jym]nX XobXnbmb HtÎm_À 15 s\ "InkvXv _´n' F¶pw. XhWbmbn \nIpXnIÄ HSp¡p¶Xn\v \nÝbn¨n«pÅ ]£w \nÀ±nã XobXnbv¡v HSp¡m\pÅ XhW¯pIsb InkvXv F¶pw hnfn¡p¶p. ]ehI C\¯nepÅ BhÀ¯\ kz`mhanÃm¯ hchn\§Ä Ah Npa¯p¶ amkw sam¯ambn apXÂh¨v I£nIfn \n¶pw CuSmt¡­XmWv. 54. IcsamSp¡p kw_Ôn¨ hyhØIÄþ (1) \nIpXnbn\¯nepÅ XpI 37


\nIpXnZmbI\v hntÃPv Hm^oknse¯ntbm AÃmsXtbm Hm¬sse\mbn HSp¡mhp¶XmWv. hntÃPn apX sImÅn¨n«pÅ GXp XpIbpw Hm¬sse\mbn kzoIcn¨v ckoXv \ÂIm³ hntÃPv DtZymKØÀ _m[yØcmWv. Hm¬sse³ tkh\§fn ckoXv Hm¬sse\mbmWv A\phZn¡pI. F¶m Hm¬sse³ tkh\§Ä¡v kmt¦XnI XSÊw t\cnSp¶ Ahkc§fn am{Xw XlknÂZmcpsS ap³IqÀ A\paXntbmsS hntÃPv DtZymKØÀ¡v XpI t\cn«v kzoIcn¨v FgpXn X¿mdm¡nb ckoXv \ÂImhp¶XmWv . C¯c¯n Hm^v s se\mbn \nIpXn kzoIcn¨v ckoXv \ÂInbn«pff ]£w BbXv Hm¬sse\n A]vtUäv sN¿p¶Xn\v hntÃPv Hm^okÀ _m[yØ\mWv. ASnØm\ `q\nIpXn XpIIÄ kzoIcn¨v ckoXp \ÂIpt¼mÄ Hcp hntÃPn Hcp t»m¡n H¶ne[nIw `qanbps­¦nepw \nIpXnZmbI\v FÃm `qanIÄ¡pw tNÀ¯v H¶mbn \nIpXn CuSm¡nb tijw {]kv X pX `qanbpsSbpw \nIpXnbpsSbpw hnhc§Ä Hä ckoXn Xs¶ tcJs¸Sp¯n \ÂtI­XmWv. IqSmsX bmsXmcp ImcWhimepw Htc \nIpXnZmbI\n \n¶pw Htc `qanbv¡v Hcp km¼¯nI hÀjw H¶ne[nIw XhW ASnØm\ `q\nIpXn CuSm¡m³ ]mSnÃm¯XmWv. (2) Hcp hkvXphns\ kw_Ôn¨pÅ ASnØm\ `q\nIpXn hkvXp DSabn \n¶p am{Xta CuSm¡mhq F¶v \n_Ô\bnÃm¯XmWv. AXmbXv hkvXp DSabv¡p th­n IpSpw_mwK§fn Bsc¦nepw XpI lmPcm¡nbm AXv kzoIcn¨v hkvXp DSabpsS t]cn ckoXv \ÂImhp¶XmWv. F¶m C¯c¯n ckoXv \ÂIpt¼mÄ ]«mZmcsâbpw Icw HSp¡nb Bfnsâbpw t]cphnhcw \nÀ±nã tImf§fn {]tXyIambn tcJs¸Sp¯nbncn¡Ww. FÃm em³Uv dh\yq C\§fpw InkvXv XobXnt¡m AXn\papt¼m HSp¡n ckoXp hm§m³ \nIpXnZmbI³ _m[yØ\mWv. \nÀ±nã XobXnbv¡v HSp¡m³ hogvN hcp¯p¶ em³Uv dh\yq XpIIÄ IpSnÈnIbmbn IW¡mt¡­Xpw A¯c¯nepÅ IpSnÈnIIÄ IpSnÈnI¡mc\n \n¶pw ]eni klnXw \nÀ_Ô \S]SnIÄ (P]vXn) kzoIcn¨v CuSmt¡­Xpw hntÃPv Hm^okdpsS ISabmIp¶p. (3) hntÃPv Hm^okn t\cnt«m Hm¬sse\mtbm e`n¡p¶ XpIIÄ kzoIcn¨v Hm¬sse\mtbm AÃmsXtbm ckoXv \ÂIp¶Xn\pÅ A[nImcw hntÃPv Hm^okdn \n£n]v X amWv . F¦nepw C¯c¯n XpIIÄ kzoIcn¡m\pw hntÃPv Hm^okÀ¡pth­n ckoXv \ÂIm\pw kvs]jy hntÃPv Hm^okÀ, hntÃPv AknÌâ v , hntÃPv ^oÂUv AknÌâ v F¶nhÀ¡v A[nImcapÅXmWv . XpIIÄ kzoIcn¨v ckoXp \ÂIp¶Xn bmsXmcp ImcWhimepw hogvN hcp¯pItbm ImeXmakw D­m¡pItbm sN¿m³ ]mSpÅXÃ. 55. Icw HSp¡v ckoXv X¿mdm¡p¶Xvþ (1) \nIpXn kzoIcn¡p¶Xn\v


Cþs]bvsaâ v kwhn[m\w \S¸n hcp¯nbn«pff kmlNcy¯nÂ, Hm¬sse³ \nIpXn tkh\§Ä¡v kmt¦XnI XSÊw t\cnSp¶ Ahkc§fn am{Xta ssIsIms­gpXn X¿mdm¡p¶ ckoXv \ÂtI­Xpffq F¶Xn\m hntÃPv Hm^oknse Hcp km¼¯nI hÀjs¯ D]tbmK¯n\mbn km¼¯nI hÀjw BZy Zn\¯n Hcp Icw HSp¡v _p¡v am{Xw A\phZn¡p¶Xpw BbXv Xmeqt¡m^okn \n¶pw hm§n tÌm¡v sN¿m³ hntÃPv Hm^okÀ {]tXyIw {i²n¡­XpamWv. C¯c¯n Xmeqt¡m^okn \n¶pw ckoXv _p¡v ssI¸äp¶Xn\mbn hntÃPv Hm^okÀ¡v hntÃPv ^oÂUv AknÌâ v, hntÃPv AknÌ â v, kvs] jy hntà Pv H m^okÀ F¶ nhcnemsc sb ¦nep w NpaXes¸Sp¯mhp¶XmWv. Xmeqt¡m^okn \n¶pw hnXcWw sN¿p¶ ckoXp _p¡pIfn Xmeq¡v ap{Zbpw ckoXpIfpsS F®w km£ys¸Sp¯p¶ kÀ«n^n¡äpw D­mbncn¡p¶XmWv. GsX¦nepw ImcWhim ho­pw ckoXv _p¡v hmt§­nh¶m hntÃPnse tÌm¡v cPnÌÀ Xmeq¡v A[nImcnIsf ImWn¨v t_m²ys¸Sp¯n NmÀÖv Hm^okdpsS H¸v hmt§­Xv hntÃPv ^oÂUv AknÌâ v/hntÃPv AknÌâ/vks v ]jy hntÃPv Hm^okdpsS NpaXebmIp¶p. C¯c¯n Xmeqt¡m^okn \n¶pw e`yamIp¶ ckoXp _q¡pIÄ 18þmw \¼À A¡u­n tNÀt¡­Xpw Ah ssI¸äp¶bmÄ {]kvXpX A¡u­n ssI¸äp hnhcw tcJs¸Sp¯n H¸phbvt¡­XpamWv. Hgn¨pIqSm\mIm¯ Ahkc§fn Akepw Uyq¹nt¡äpw AS§nbn«pÅ ckoXp _p¡n ImÀ_¬ ISemkv D]tbmKn¨v ckoXpIÄ X¿mdmt¡­Xpw ckoXv X¿mdm¡p¶ DtZymKس t]cpw, HutZymKnI Øm\hpw tNÀ¯v H¸v hbvt¡­XpamWv. C¯c¯n X¿mdm¡p¶ ckoXnsâ Ak Hm^okv ap{Z ]Xn¸n¨v I£nbv¡v \ÂtI­XmWv. (2) Hm¬sse\mbn ckoXv \ÂIp¶Xn XSÊw t\cnSpIbpw ckoXv FgpXn X¿mdmt¡­n hcpIbpw sNbvXm Hmtcm ckoXnsâbpw H¶mw tImf¯n X­t¸À \¼cpw kÀtÆ \¼cpw hyàambn tcJs¸Sp¯Ww. `q\nIpXn HgnsIbpÅ aäp XpIIÄ¡v ckoXv X¿mdm¡pt¼mÄ B XpI GXv A¡u­v {]ImcamWv CuSm¡m\pÅsX¶pw B A¡u­nse _Ôs¸« {Ia \¼cpw tcJs¸Spt¯­XmWv. ckoXnse FÃm tImf§fpw IrXyambpw hyàambpw ]qcn¸n¨ncn¡Ww. Ignbp¶nSt¯mfw ckoXn sh«pXncp¯pIÄ Hgnhmt¡­XmWv . Hmtcm km¼¯nI hÀjhpw Ahkm\n¡pt¼mÄ D]tbmKn¡msX _m¡n h¶ ckoXpIfps­¦n D]tbmKn¡m¯ FÃm ckoXpIfpsSbpw Akepw Uyq¹nt¡äpw hntÃPv Hm^okÀ d±v sNbvXv H¸pw, Øm\ap{Zbpw, XobXnbpw tNÀt¡­Xpw d±v sNbvX ckoXpIfpsS hnhcw tÌm¡v cPnÌdn Ahkm\ `mK¯mbn tcJs¸Spt¯­Xpw Pam_´n Hm^okÀ ]cntim[\ thfbn C¡mcyw Dd¸v hcpt¯­XpamWv. d±v sNbvX ckoXpIÄ XncnsI Xmeq¡m^okn GÂ]n¨v 18-þmw\¼À tÌm¡v A¡u­n ssI¸äv tcJs¸Sp¯n hmt§­XmWv. 39


(3) Hm¬sse\mbn \ÂIp¶ ckoXpIsf kw_Ôn¨v \nIpXnZmbI\v ckoXnsâ Hcp {]Xn am{Xta Cþs]bvsaâ v kwhn[m\¯n \n¶pw {]nâu«v FSp¡m³ IgnbpIbpffq. F¶m GsX¦nepw Hgn¨pIqSm\mIm¯ Ahkc§fn \nIpXnZmbI\v Hm¬sse³ ckoXn Hm^okv ap{Z tNÀ¯v e`n¡Wsa¶ps­¦n CXp kw_Ôambn hntÃPv Hm^okÀ¡v shff ¡Semkn 5 cq] tImÀ«v ^okv Ìm¼v ]Xn¨v Hct]£ X¿mdm¡n kaÀ¸n¡mhp¶Xpw {]kvXpX At]£bn C{]Imcw Hm^okv ap{Z tNÀ¯p \ÂIp¶ XkoXv GXp Imcymeb¯n lmPcm¡m\msW¶p hyàambn tcJs¸Spt¯­XpamIp¶p. C¯c¯n At]£ e`n¨m hntÃPv Hm^okÀ BbXv Hm¬sse³ kwhn[m\¯n _Ôs¸« `mK¯v tcJs¸Spt¯­Xpw Hm¬sse ³ ckoXn Xsâ Is¿ m¸ pw H m^okv ap {Z bp w tNÀ¯ v \ÂtI­XpamWv. bmsXmcp ImcWhimepw Hcp ckoXn\v H¶ne[nIw {]mhiyw Hm^okv ap{Zbpw Is¿m¸pw tNÀ¯v \ÂIm³ ]mSpffXÃ. BbXv hntÃPv Hm^okÀ¡v Hm¬sse\mbn ]cntim[n¨pd¸phcp¯mhp¶XmWv. GsX¦nepw ImcWhim Htc ckoXn\v H¶ne[nIw {]mhiyw Hm^okv ap{Z ]Xn¨pw Is¿m¸p tNÀ¯pw \ÂIp¶ ]£w BbXn\v hntÃPv Hm^okÀ hyàn]cambn D¯chmZnbmbncn¡p¶XpamWv. 56. ]ncnhp]Ww hchphbvt¡­ {Iawþ (1) Hmtcm Znhkhpw sshIo«v 5 aWn¡v Cþs]bvsaâ v kwhn[m\w close sNt¿­XpffXn\m {]kvXpX kabw hsc e`n¡p¶ XpIIÄ kzoIcn¨v Hm¬sse\mbn ckoXv \ÂIm³ hntÃPv DtZymKØÀ _m[yØcmWv. Cþ s]bvsaâ v kwhn[m\¯n C{]Imcw sshIo«v 5 aWn¡v A¡u­v close sNbv X m sXm«Sp¯ Znhkw cmhse Xs¶ sNem\pItfm t]þC³þÉn¸pItfm generate sN¿p¶Xn\pw XpIIÄ HSp¡p hcp¯p¶Xn\pw hntÃPv Hm^okÀ _m[yØ\mWv. (2) XpIIÄ t\cn kzoIcn¡pIbpw ssIsIms­gpXn X¿mdm¡nb ckoXv \ÂIpIbpw sN¿p¶ Ahkc§fn Znhkmhkm\w ]ncnhpXpIIÄ ckoXp_p¡nse ImÀ_¬ {]XnIfpambn H¯pt\m¡n \mÄhgn FgpXn X¿mdm¡pI, \mÄhgnbnse tcJs¸Sp¯epIÄ _Ôs¸« X­t¸cpIfntem A¡u­pIfntem cPnÌdpIfntem tcJs¸Sp¯pI F¶nh hntÃPv AknÌâ v / kvs]jy hntÃPv Hm^okdpsS NpaXebmWv. C§s\ X¿mdm¡p¶ \mÄhgn hntÃP v Hm^o kÀ ] cntim[nt¡­Xp w H¸ p hb v t ¡­Xp w km£ys¸Spt¯­XpamWv. C¯c¯n e`yamb XpIIÄ hÃXpaps­¦n Ah sXm«Sp¯ Znhkw Xs¶ sNem\pIÄ X¿mdm¡n sU]yq«n XlknÂZmcpsS tasem¸p hmt§­Xpw JP\mhn HSp¡phcpt¯­XpamWv. (3) Hm¬sse\mbn XpIIÄ kzoIcn¡pt¼mÄ Cþt]bvsaâ v kn̯n payment Requested, Verification F¶nh ]cntim[n¨v XpI HSp¡p¶Xn\pÅ A`yÀ°\ AwKoIcn¡pI, \nckn¡pI, d±v sN¿pI F¶n§s\bpÅ \S]SnIÄ kzoIcnt¡­Xv hntÃPv AknÌânsâtbm kvs]jy hntÃPv


Hm^okdpsStbm NpaXebmIp¶p. C{]Imcw A`yÀ°\ AwKoIcn¡pIbpw XpI Hm¬sse\mbn AS¡pIbpw sN¿p¶ ]£w ckoXv Generate sNbvXv \ÂtI­Xpw hntÃPv AknÌâ v/ kvs]jy hntÃPv Hm^okdpsS NpaXebmWv. F¶ m t\c n« v Xp I HSp¡phcp ¯p Ib pw H m¬sse\mb n ckoXv X¿mdm¡pIbpw sN¿p¶ Ahkc§fn hntÃPv AknÌtâm kvs]jy hntÃPv Hm^oktdm C\w, km¼¯nI hÀjw, XpI F¶nh Cþt]bvsaâ v kn̯n tcJs¸Sp¯ns¡m­v XpI kzoIcnt¡­Xpw ckoXv, kn̯n P\td äv sNb vXv {] nâu« v FSp¯ v I£ nb v ¡ v \ÂtI­Xp amWv. C¯cahkc§fn sshIo«v 5 aWntbmSpIqSn Cþt]saâ v kn̯n hntÃPv AknÌâ v/ kvs]jy hntÃPv Hm^okÀ A¡u­v t¢mkv sNt¿­XpamWv. C{]Imcw A¡u­v t¢mkv sNbvX tijw AXmXp Znhk§fnse \mÄhgnbpsS ]IÀ¸v {]nâu«v FSp¯v {Iaambn ASp¡n kq£nt¡­XmWv. 57. ]ncnhv ]Ww JP\mhn HSp¡p¶ coXn-þ Cþt]saâ v kn̯n XpIIÄ kzoIcn¡p¶ kwKXnbn Hmtcm Znhkhpw sshIo«v 5 aWn¡v hntÃPv AknÌâ v/ kvs]jy hntÃPv Hm^okÀ A¡u­v t¢mkv sNt¿­Xpw sXm«Sp¯ Znhkw cmhnse Xs¶ sNem³, t]þC³þÉn¸v F¶nh hntÃPv Hm^okÀ P\tdäv sNt¿­Xpw \nÀ®bn¡s¸« _m¦n sNem³/t]þC³þÉn¸v lmPcm¡n XpI HSp¡phcpt¯­XpamWv. XpI kzoIcn¨v _m¦[nIrXÀ \ÂIp¶ sNem³/t]þC³þÉn¸v, sNem³ ^ben kq£nt¡­XmWv.

dh\yq Cþt]bvsaâ v knÌw 58. hntÃPv Hm^okpIfnse FÃm¯cw ]ncnhpIfpw HSp¡pIfpw dh\yq t]mÀ«ensâ `mKamb ""Cþt]bvsaâ v'' knÌw hgnbmWv \nÀÆlnt¡­Xv. Cþt]bvsaâ v knÌs¯ {Sjdn hIp¸nsâ Cþ{Sjdnbpambpw sXscsªSp¡s¸« s]mXptaJe/sjUyqÄUv _m¦pIfpambpw _Ôn¸n¨n«p­v. 59. ]Ww kzoIcn¡Âþ (1) Cþt]bvsaâ v kn̯n hntÃPv DtZymKØÀ¡v t\cn«v XpIIÄ kzoIcn¨v Hm¬sse\mbn ckoXp \ÂIpItbm \nIpXnZmbI³ Hm¬sse\mbn kaÀ¸n¡p¶ \nIpXn HSp¡p¶Xn\pÅ request ]cntim[n¨v Ahsb kzoIcn¨v Hm¬sse\mbn ckoXv \ÂIpItbm sN¿mhp¶XmWv (2) t\c n« v ]Ww kz oIcn¡p ¶ Ahkc §f n C þt]b v s aâ v kwhn[m\¯nse Receipt Entry bn \nIpXnZmbIsâ t]cpw taÂhnemkhptam Asæn X­t¸À hnhc§tfm ASnØm\am¡n {]thin¨v XpIbpsS C\w, GXp Imet¯Xv, IpSnÈnI, ]eni F¶o hnhc§fpw DÄs¸Sp¯ns¡m­v XpI ssI¸änb tijw ckoXv ' Generate' sNbvXv \ÂImhp¶XmWv. C¯c¯n Generate sN¿s¸« ckoXpIÄ hyàamb ImcW§fpÅ ]£w A¯cw 41


ImcW§Ä tcJs¸Sp¯ns¡m­v d±p sN¿p¶Xn\pÅ kwhn[m\hpw Cþ s]bvsaâ v kn̯n DÄs¸Sp¯nbn«p­v. (3) Hm¬sse\mbn t]saâ v dnIzÌv e`n¡p¶ Ahkc§fn Ah X­t¸cpamtbm aäv A¡u­pIfpamtbm H¯p t\m¡n km¼¯nI hÀjw/ XobXn, XpI F¶nh Dd¸p hcp¯ns¡m­v Approve sN¿pItbm Reject sN¿pItbm Bhmw. Payment Request IÄ kzoIcn¡p¶ kwKXnIfn ckoXv Generate sN¿mhp¶XmWv. (4) Cþt]saâ v kwhn[m\w FÃm Znhkhpw sshIo«v 5 aWn¡v close sNt¿­XmWv . XpI kzoIcn¨v Hm¬sse\mbn ckoXv X¿mdm¡pI, Hm¬sse \mbn e `n¡p ¶ Payment Request s Aw Ko Ic n¡pItb m \ncmIcn¡pItbm sN¿pI, A¡u­v close sN¿pI F¶o tPmenIÄ hntÃPv AknÌâ v, kvs]jy hntÃPv Hm^okÀ F¶nhcmWv \nÀÆlnt¡­Xv. 60. ]WsamSp¡v þ - (1) Cþt]bvsaâ v kwhn[m\¯n A¡u­v close sNbvXp Ignªm sXm«Sp¯ Znhkw Xs¶ XpIIÄ {Sjdnbntem _m¦ntem HSp¡p hcpt¯­XmWv. CXnte¡mbn {Sjdn/ _m¦v t]þC³þÉn¸pIÄ Generate sNt¿­Xv hntÃPv Hm^okdmWv. C¯c¯n X¿mdm¡nb t]þC³þÉn¸pIÄ D]tbmKn¨v Hm^okn t\cn«p ssI¸änb XpIIÄ sXm«Sp¯ Znhkw Xs¶ {Sjdnbntem _m¦ntem HSp¡phcpt¯­Xpw sNem\pIÄ/ t]þC³þÉn¸pIÄ ^b sNbvXv kq£nt¡­XpamWv. IqSmsX Hmtcm Znhks¯bpw \mÄhgn hnhc§fpw Cþt]saâ v kn̯n \n¶pw AXmXp Znhkw sshIo«v 5 aWn¡p Xs¶ Print out FSpt¡­Xpw hntÃPv Hm^okÀ H¸pw ap{Zbpw tNÀ¯v ^b sNt¿­XpamWv.

***


A²ymbw-þ - 6

ASnØm\ `q\nIpXn

61. `q\nIpXn \nÀ®bwþ tIcf em³Uv SmI-vkv BÎv 1961 se c­mw hIp¸v {]Imcw Hgnhm¡nbn«pÅ `qanIfpw, kÀ¡mÀ hI `qanIfpsamgnsI kwØm\sam«msIbpÅ FÃm `qanIÄ¡pw C\tam Xctam IW¡nseSp¡msX ImemIme§fn kÀ¡mÀ \nÝbn¡p¶ \nc¡n `q\nIpXn Npat¯­XmWv. C{]Imcw Npa¯p¶ ASnØm\ `q\nIpXn HSp¡m³ Hmtcm ]«mZmcpw Asæn `qhpSabpw _m²yØ\mWv. Cu Bhiy¯ntebv¡v ""`qhpSa'' F¶m cPnÌÀ sNbvX ssIhi¡mct\m AbmÄ \nba]cambn A[nImcs¸Sp¯nb Btfm {]kv X pX `qanbpsS ssIhi¡mct\m kÀtÆ sNbv X n«nÃm¯ `qanbpsS Imcy¯n hkvXp DSatbm BImw. ASnØm\ `q\nIpXn CuSm¡p¶Xn\mbn Hmtcm hntÃPnepw ASnØm\ `q\nIpXn cPnÌÀ X¿mdm¡n kq£nt¡­Xpw Hmtcm hÀjhpw \nIpXn CuSm¡nbXv kw_Ôn¨ hnhcw X­t¸À A¡u­n tcJs¸Spt¯­XpamWv. kÀsÆ sNbvX `qanIÄ¡v \nIpXn Npat¯­Xv Hmtcm ssIhi `qanbv¡pw dh\yq dn¡mÀUpIfn tcJs¸Sp¯nbn«pÅ hnkvXoÀ®s¯ Bkv]Zam¡nbmWv. \nIpXn Xn«s¸Sp¯pt¼mÄ ssIhi`qanbpsS hnkvXoÀ®w Hcp Bdn\v Xmsg hcp¶ `n¶mwi§sf Hcp BÀ Bbpw, Npa¯s¸Sp¶ \nIpXn Hcp cq]bn Xmsg hcp¶ `n¶mwi§sf Hcp cq]bmbpw IW¡nseSp¡Ww. \nIpXn \nÀ®bw kw_Ôn¨v ssIhi¡mÀ D¶bn¡p¶ Bt£]§fnt·Â At\zjWw \S¯n dnt¸mÀ«v kaÀ¸n¡m³ hntÃPv B^okÀ _m²yØ\mWv. ssIhi¡mÀ D¶bn¡p¶ Bt£]§Ä hntÃPv dn¡mÀUpIfpambn H¯pt\m¡n Øe ]cntim[\bp w At\zjWhpw \S¯ n ap ¸Xv Znhk¯n\Iw XlknÂZmÀ¡v dnt¸mÀ«v kaÀ¸n¡m³ _Ôs¸« hntÃPv B^oksd `q\nIpXn N«§fnse 10 sâ H¶mw D]N«w NpaXes¸Sp¯p¶p. \nIpXnZmbIÀ Hmtcm hÀjt¯bpw \nIpXn AXmXv hÀjw HtÎm_À amkw 15þmw XobXntbm AXn\p apt¼m _Ôs¸« hntÃPv B^okn HSpt¡­Xpw CXn hogvN hcp¯nbm IpSnÈnI XpIbv¡v XpSÀ¶p hcp¶ G{]n amkw H¶mw XobXn apX 43


{]XnhÀjw H³]Xv iXam\w \nc¡n ]eni CuSmt¡­XpamWv. bYmkabw \nIpXn HSp¡m³ hogvN hcp¯p¶hcpsS t]cn \nÀ_Ô \S]SnIÄ (P]vXn DÄs¸sS) kzoIcn¨v IpSnÈnI¯pI ]eni klnXw CuSm¡m³ hntÃPv B^okÀ ISas¸«ncn¡p¶p. `q\nIpXn \nbahpw N«§fpw A\pkcn¨pÅ FÃm t\m«okpIfpw _Ôs¸« I£nIÄ¡v knhn \S]Sn{Iaa\pkcn¨v bYmkabw \S¯m³ hntÃPv B^okÀ {]tXyIw {i²n¡Ww. 62. \nIpXn\nÀ®bm[nImcnþ 28þ8þ1968 se 29080/_n 3/68/BÀ.Un. \¼À D¯chv {]Imcw \nIpXn \nÀ®bm[nImcw _Ôs¸« XlknÂZmcn \n£n]vXamWv. kÀtÆ sNbvXn«nÃm¯ `qanIfpsS Imcy¯n 1961 se tIcf `q\nIpXn \nbaw 7þmw hIp¸v {]Imcw _Ôs¸« Xmeq¡v XlknÂZmÀamÀ¡v Xm¡menI \nIpXn \nÀ®bw \S¯mhp¶Xpw A¯c¯n \nÀ®bn¨ \nIpXn HSp¡p¶Xn\v `qhpSa _m[yØ\pamWv. kÀsÆ \S]SnIÄ ]qÀ¯nbmb tijw 4 amk¯n\pÅn \nIpXn ]p\À\nÀ®bw \S¯n \nIpXnbnep­mIp¶ hyXymkw `qhpSabv¡v XncnsI \ÂIp¶Xn\v Asæn `qhpSabn \n¶pw CuSm¡p¶Xn\v \S]SnIÄ kzoIcn¡Ww. 63. A¸oÂþ 1961 se tIcf `q\nIpXn \nba¯nse 6,7 F¶o hIp¸pIÄ {]Imcw \nIpXn \nÀ®bn¨Xns\Xnsc 9þmw hIp¸nse hyhØIÄ¡p hnt[bambn _Ôs¸« `qan ØnXn sN¿p¶ PnÃbnse IfÎÀ ap¼msI A¸o kaÀ¸n¡mhp¶XmWv. {]kvXpX `qan H¶n IqSpX PnÃIfn DÄs¸«phcp¶ kmlNcy¯n IqSpX `mKw GXv PnÃbnemtWm {]kvXpX PnÃbnse IfÎÀ ap¼msI thWw A¸o kaÀ¸nt¡­Xv. \nÝbn¨ \nc¡nepÅ \nIpXn HSp¡m¯ ]£w A¸o \ne\n¡p¶XÃ. A¸oen\v B[mcamb D¯chv ssI¸än 30 Znhk¯n\Iw \nÝnX amXrIbnepff t^md¯n A¸o kaÀ¸nt¡­XmWv F¶ncp¶mepw aXnbmb ImcWw t_m[n¸n¡pIbpw BbXv A¸o A[nImcn¡v t_m²ys¸SpIbpw sN¿p¶ ]£w 30 Znhk§Ä¡v tijw e`n¡p¶ At]£Ifpw kzoIcn¡mhp¶XmWv. sk£³ 10, 11 F¶nh {]Imcw A¸o A[nImcn ssIs¡mÅp¶ Xocpam\w A´nahpw Hcp tImSXnbnepw tNmZyw sN¿s¸Sm\mIm¯XpamWv. F¶m \nIpXnZmbI\v hIp¸v 9(4) {]ImcapÅ t\m«okv ssI¸än 30 Znhk¯n\Iw BbXnse \nba {]iv\w Nq­n¡m«n At]£ kaÀ¸n¡mhp¶Xpw BbXnt·Â hyàamb tÌävsaâ v tcJs¸Sp¯n 60 Znhk¯n\Iw PnÃm tImSXn ap¼msI Xocpam\¯n\mbn kaÀ¸nt¡­XpamWv. 64. ae_mÀ em³Uv cPnkvt{Sj³ \nbawþ 1895 se ae_mÀ em³Uv cPnkvt{j³ BIvSv (1896 se 3þmw \nbaw) d±mbn«pff kmlNcy¯n \nIpXn sI«m¯ `qanIÄ¡pw (\n.sI. `qan) 1961 se `q\nIpXn \nbaamWv _m[Iambn«pffXv. \n.sI `qanIÄ kw_Ôn¨v \nIpXn \nÀ®b¯n\mbn e`n¡p¶ At]£bnt·Â kvYe]cntim[\ \S¯n hkvXp\njvTamb dnt¸mÀ«v kaÀ¸n¡m³ hntÃPv Hm^okÀ _m[yØ\mWv. C¯cw Ahkc§fn At]£ kaÀ¸n¡p¶


hyànbpsS ssIhiw kw_Ôn¨ hniZhnhc§fpw dnt¸mÀ«n hniZambn {]Xn]mZn¨ncn¡Ww.

A²ymbw-þ - 7

sI«nS \nIpXn 65.\nIpXn \nÀ®bwþ (1) tIcf sI«nS \nIpXn \nbaw,1975 {]Imcw 1973 G{]n 1þmw XobXntbm AXn\ptijtam \nÀ½mWw ]qÀ¯nbm¡nb FÃm sI«nS§Ä¡pw Hä¯hW sI«nS \nIpXn _m[IamWv. sI«nS¯nsâ Xd hnkvXoÀ®s¯ Bkv]Zam¡nbmWv \nIpXn \nÝbn¡p¶Xv. H¶n IqSpX \neIÄ DÅt¸mÄ FÃm \neIfnepw IqSn DÄs¸« BsI XdhnkvXoÀ®amWv ¹n´v Gcnbbmbn IW¡m¡p¶Xv. Hcp tImw]u­n Xs¶ H¶ne[nIw sI«nS§fp­mhpIbpw Ah Hmtcm¶pw ]ckv ]c_ÔanÃm¯XmhpIbpw sNbv X m AhbpsS \nIpXn \nÀ®bw {]tXyIw {]tXyIambmIWw \nÀ®bnt¡­Xv. (3) Cu \nba{]Imcw sI«nS¯nsâ DSaØ\mWv \nIpXn HSp¡m³ _m[yXbpffXv. sI«nS \nIpXn Npa¯pItbm CuSm¡pItbm sN¿p¶Xp \nan¯w \nIpXnZmbI\v `qanbnt·Â bmsXmcphn[amb AhImi§fpw kn²n¡p¶nsöXn\m `qankw_Ôamb AhImiXÀ¡§tfm atäm sI«nS\nIpXn Npa¯p¶Xn ]cnKWnt¡­XnÃm¯XmWv. 66. \nIpXn Npa¯p¶Xn \n¶pw Hgnhm¡nbn«pff sI«nS§Äþ tI{µ kwØm\ Kh¬saâpIfpsStbm Xt±i kzbw`cW Øm]\§fpsStbm sI«nS§Ä, apJyambn aX]ctam [À½]ctam hnZym`ymk]ctam Bb Bhiy§Ä¡mbn D]tbmKn¡s¸Sp¶ sI«nS§Ä, ^mÎdnItfm sXmgn imeItfm Bbn D]tbmKn¡s¸Sp¶ sI«nS§Ä, I¶pImen ^mw, ]¶n ^mw, tImgn ^mapIÄ, t]mfnlukv XpS§nbh hn ¸\bv¡v AÃm¯ Bhiy§Ä¡mbn D]tbmKn¡pIbmsW¦n Ah, hmkKrl¯nt\mSv tNÀ¶pÅ ImÀt]mÀ¨v , sXmgp¯v , hndIp]pc, ImÀjntIm]IcW§Ä kq£n¡p¶ apdn, Xmakmhiy¯n\pÅ Hcp tIm¬{Ioäv sI«nS¯nsâ apIfnepÅ NphcpIfnÃm¯ ta¡qc F¶nhbv¡v sI«nS \nIpXn _m[IaÃ. F¶m \nIpXnbn \ns¶mgnhmbtijw Cu sI«nS§Ä Hgnhm¡en\v 45


hncp²amb coXnbn D]tbmKn¡s¸SpIbmsW¦n sI«nSw ]qÀ¯oIcn¨ XobXn apX 12% hmÀjnI ]eni klnXw \nIpXn ASbv¡phm³ DSa _m²yØ\mWv. 67. XhWbpw ]eni \nc¡pwþ sI«nS \nIpXn BhÀ¯\ kz`mhapÅ Hcp \nIpXnbÃ. Hcnbv¡Â am{Xw Npa¯s¸Sp¶ Cu \nIpXn HSp¡n¡gnªm sI«nS DSabpsS _m²yX Ahkm\n¡p¶XmWv. \nIpXnZmbI³ \ÂtI­ \nIpXn, \nIpXn Npa¯p¶ D¯chn \nÀt±in¡p¶Xpt]mse 4 Xpey ss{Xamk XhWIfmbn hntÃPm^okn HSp¡n ckoXv hmt§­XmWv. F¶m \nIpXnZmbI\v AbmÄ B{Kln¡p¶ ]£w apgph³ XpIbpw H¶nt¨m \nÝbn¨Xnt\¡mÄ Ipdª XhWIfmtbm \ÂIp¶Xn\v kzmX{´yw D­mbncn¡p¶XmWv. D¯chv \ÂInb XobXn apX 30 Znhk§Ä¡Iw Snbm³ BZyXhW HSpt¡­Xpw ]n¶oSpÅ XhWIÄ XpSÀ¶p hcp¶ ss{Xamk¯nse kam´c XobXnIfn HSpt¡­XpamWv. IrXykab¯v \n Ip Xn H Sp ¡p ¶Xn\v ho gvN hc p¯ nb m \nIpXn Ip SnÈnIb v ¡ v IpSnÈnI¡mc\n \n¶pw {]XnhÀjw 6% \nc¡n ]eni CuSm¡phm³ hntÃPm^okÀ {]tXyIw {i²nt¡­XmWv. AÀlXbpÅ tIkpIfn sI«nS \nIpXn ]camh[n 10 hsc XhWIfmbn HSp¡p¶Xn\v A\phmZw \ÂIphm³ kÀ¡mcn\v A[nImcap­v. C§s\bpÅ tIkpIfn \nIpXn HSp¡p¶Xn\v hogvN hcp¯p¶ ]£w ImeXmak¯n\v {]XnhÀjw 18% \nc¡n ]eni CuSmt¡­XmWv. \nIpXn Npa¯Â D¯chns\Xnsc \nIpXnbpsS Hcp KUp AS¨ tijw D¯chp ssI¸än 30 Znhk¯n\pÅn t^mdw \w.10  \nIpXnZmbI\v BÀ.Un.H. ap¼msI A¸o t_m[n¸n¡mhp¶XmWv. 68. dnt«¬þ sI«nS \nÀ½mWw ]qÀ¯oIcn¨v/A`nhr²ns¸Sp¯Â Ignª XobXn apX c­p amk¯n\pÅn Asæn Xmakw XpS§n 2 amk¯n\pÅn sI«nS DSa t^mdw \¼À II Hcp dnt«¬ ^b sNt¿­XmWv. aXnbmb ImcWw IqSmsXtbm am¸t]£ IqSmsXtbm GsX¦nepw hyàn dnt«¬ kaÀ¸n¡p¶Xn hogv N hcp¯nbm hogvN hcp¯p¶ Hmtcm Znhk¯n\pw 5/- cq] hoXw ]ng Npa¯m³ \nIpXn \nÀ®bm[nImcn¡v A[nImcapffXmWv. 69. hn]peoIcWw kw_Ôn¨ hyhØþ \nIpXn \nÀ®bw \S¯nb GsX¦nepw sI«nS¯n hn]peoIcW¯nsâtbm AäIpä¸WnIfptStbm ^eambn ¹n´v Gcnbbn hyXymkw h¶n«ps­¦n BsI sI«nS¯nsâ ¹n´v Gcnb IW¡m¡n \nIpXn \nÀ®bn¨ tijw hn]peoIcW¯n\p ap¼v sI«nS¯n\v CuSm¡nb \nIpXn Ipdhv sNt¿­XmWv. 70. BUw_c\nIpXn þ 278.7 N.aoätdm AXn IqSpXtem ¹n´v Gcnb DÅXpw 1999 G{]n 1 \p tijw ]qÀ¯nbm¡nbn«pÅXpamb Xmakmhiy¯n\pÅ FÃm sI«nS§Ä¡pw BUw_c \nIpXn Npat¯­XmWv. BUw_c \nIpXn


Hmtcm hÀjhpw amÀ¨v 31 \v ap¼v ap³Iqdmbn ASt¡­XmWv. 01.04.1973 \p tijw ]WnIgn¸n¨Xpw F¶m 01þ01þ99 \v ap¼v ]Wn ]qÀ¯nbm¡nbXpamb Hcp sI«nS¯n AXn\p tijw Iq«nt¨À¡epIÄ \S¯pIbmsW¦n ap¼v ]WnIgn¸n¨ sI«nS`mK¯nsâ XdhnkvXoÀ®apÄs¸sS sI«nS¯nsâ BsI XdhnkvXoÀ®w IW¡m¡n 278.7 N.aoädn IqSp¶ ]£w BUw_c \nIpXn Npat¯­XmWv. 71. tlmw tÌ Bbn D]tbmKn¡p¶ sI«nS§Äþ kzImcy hyànIÄ \S¯p¶ tlmw tÌIsf ‘aäp sI«nS§Ä’F¶ hn`mK¯n DÄs¸Sp¯n \nIpXn Npat¯­XmWv. sI«nS \nIpXn XpI CuSm¡p¶Xn\mbn dh\yq dn¡hdn \S]SnIÄ kz oIcn¨ tIkp If n sI« nS \nIpXn \nba {]Imc w ImeXmak¯n\v 6% ]eni CuSm¡p¶Xn\m AXn\p ]pdta dh\yq dn¡hdn N«{]Imcapff 5% If£³ NmÀÖv CuSm¡phm³ ]mSnÃ. 72. s]mXptaJem Øm]\§fpsS sI«nS§Äþ _n. Fkv. F³. FÂ, sI. Fkv. C. _n. hm«À AtXmdnän, sI.Fkv.F^v.Un.kn. XpS§nb s]mXptaJe Øm]\§fpsS sI«nS§sf sI«nS \nIpXnbn \ns¶mgnhm¡nbn«nÃ. Fkv.Fkv.sF cPnkvt{Sj\pff Øm]\§sf sI«nS \nIpXnbn \n¶pw Hgnhm¡p¶Xn\v hyhØbnÃ. Bcm[\meb§fpsS hmSIbv¡v \ÂIp¶ lmÄ, IeymWaÞ]w XpS§nbhbv¡v sI«nS\nIpXn CuSm¡mhp¶XmWv. 73. ^vfmäpIfpsS sI«nS\nIpXn IW¡m¡p¶Xvþ Hcp sI«nSw hyXykvX DSaØXbnepÅ {]tXyIw ^vfmäpIÄ AS§nbXmbncn¡pIbpw sI«nS¯nsâ \nÀ½mWs¨ehv hyànIÄ Iq«mbn hln¨ncn¡pIbpw sN¿p¶ tIkpIfn Hmtcm A¸mÀ«psaâ nt\bpw {]tXyI sI«nSambn IW¡mt¡­XmWv . Xmak¯n\mbpÅ ^vfmäpIsf Xmakn¡p¶Xn\pÅ sI«nS§fpsS \nIpXn IW¡m¡p¶ coXnbn Xs¶ IW¡mt¡­XmWv. BUw_c \nIpXn AS¨phcp¶ ^vfmäv DÄs¸sSbpÅ Xmak sI«nS kap¨b§Ä¡v hn¸\/ B[mcw \S¶tijw kzX{´amb sI«nS`mK§fpsS XdhnkvXoÀ®t¯mSv s]mXphmbn D]tbmKn¡p¶ `mKw Xpeyambn hoXn¨p tNÀ¯ tijw 278.7 N.aoädn\p XmsgbmsW¦n XpSÀ¶v BUw_c \nIpXn CuSmt¡­XnÃ. 74. Xmakmhiy¯n\pÅ sI«nShpw, aämhiy§Ä¡pÅ sI«nShpw Htc sI«nS¯nsâ `mK§fmbncp¶m Ah¡v {]tXyIw {]tXyIw \nIpXn \nÀ®bnt¡­XmWv. Xmakmhiy¯n\pÅ sI«nS§Ä¡v sI«nS \nIpXn, BUw_c \nIpXn F¶nh Npa¯nbtijw Ah `mKnIambn hn¸\ \S¯p¶ kmlNcy¯n Hmtcm sI«nS `mK¯nsâbpw Xd hnkvXoÀ®w {]tXyIambn Xn«s¸Sp¯n hn¸\¡ptijw IpdªXv 278.7 N.ao. Xd hnkvXoÀ®apÅ sI«nS§Ä¡v am{Xw BUw_c \nIpXn Npa¯mhp¶XmWv. Cu hyhØIÄ¡v hnt[bambn sI«nS¯nsâ hn¸\ XobXn apX BUw_c \nIpXn \nehnse DSaØc pw AXnsâ ap³] nep Å Imebf hnteXv ]gb DSaØ\pw 47


HSpt¡­XmWv. 75. hntÃPm^okdpsS NpaXe- (1) Hmtcm hntÃPm^okÀamcpw \nIpXn \nÀ®bnt¡­ sI«nS§fpsS {]Xnamk tÌäv saâ v t^mdw \¼À 1  X¿mdm¡pIbpw Sn sI«nS§Ä DÄs¸Sp¶ Xt±i Øm]\§fnse _nÂUnwKv B¹nt¡j³ cPnÌdnsâ kw£n]vXw klnXw amkw Ahkm\n¡p¶Xn\v 5 Znhkw ap¼v \nIpXn \nÀ®b¯n\mbn XlknÂZmÀ¡v Ab¨psImSp t¡­XpamWv. sI«nS \nIpXn \nÀ®bw \S¯nb hyànIfpsS hnhc§Ä AS§nb t^mw \¼À _n, \nIpXn \nÀ®b¯n\mbn dnt¸mÀ«v sNbv X tIkpIfpsS hniZmwi§Ä ImWn¡p¶ t^mdw \¼À kn, BUw_c \nIpXnbpambn _Ôs¸« t^mdw \¼À Un F¶o cPnÌdpIÄ hntÃPm^okn kq£nt¡­XmWv. 76. \nIpXn \nÀ®b A[nImcnt¡m At±lw NpaXes¸Sp¯p¶ B^okÀt¡m A¸oe[nImcnt¡m dnhnj³ A[nImcnt¡m sI«nS\nIpXn \nÀ®bn¡p¶Xn\mbn I£nbv¡v t\m«okv \ÂInbtijw sI«nSw Af¶v Xn«s¸Sp¯mhp¶Xpw, CXv kw_Ôn¨ cPnÌÀ, e`yamb hnhc§Ä Ch Bhiys¸Smhp¶XpamWv. Ch \nÀÆln¡p¶Xn\v A[nImcs¸« B^oksd XSÊs¸Sp¯p¶ hyàn¡v aq¶pamkw hsc XShpin£tbm 500 cq] ]ngtbm Ch c­pw IqSntbm e`n¡mhp¶XmWv.

****


A²ymbw-þ - 8

tXm«\nIpXn

77. tXm«`qanbpw hnfIfpwþ 1960 se tIcf tXm«\nIpXn \nba {]Imcw tXm«`qanIÄ¡v GÀs¸Sp¯nbn«pff \nIpXnbmWnXv. {]kvXpX \nba{]Imcw sX§v, Ihp§v, dºÀ, Im¸n, tXbne, Gew, IpcpapfIv F¶o hnfIÄ Irjn sN¿p¶ tXm«`qanIÄ¡mWv tXm«\nIpXn _m[Iambn«pÅXv. tIcf ^n\m³kv BIv ä 2015 (11/15) {]Imcw kzImcy hyànIfpsS tXm«§Ä \nIpXn CuSm¡p¶Xn \n¶pw Hgnhm¡nbn«p­v. 78. \nIpXn \nÀ®bwþ tXm« \nIpXn \nÀ®bn¡p¶Xv `qanbpsS `uXnI hnkvXoÀ®s¯ Bkv]Zam¡nbÃ. sX§v, IpcpapfIv, Ihp§v, Im¸n, dºÀ F¶o hnfIÄ¡v Imbv^ew \ÂIp¶ hr£§fpsS Asæn sNSnIfpsS F®w Xn«s¸Sp¯nbpw tXbne, Gew F¶o tXm«§Ä¡v hnfhv \ÂIp¶ tXm« `qanbpsS hnkvXrXn Af¶p t\m¡nbpamWv \nIpXn \nÝbnt¡­Xv. 79. tXm«`qanIfpsS hnkvXoÀ® \nÀ®bw þ(1) tIcf tXm« \nIpXn \nbaw sk£³ 3(4) {]Imcw tXm«¯nsâ hnkvXoÀ®w NphsS ]dbpw {]Imcw slÎdn \nÀ®bn¡mw. {Ia \w. 1

hnf sX§v

hnkvXoÀ®w (slÎdnÂ) BsI Imbv^eapÅ sX§pIfpsS F®s¯ 150 sIm­v lcn¨m 49


In«p¶ kwJy 2

Ihp§v

3

dºÀ

BsI hnfhp \ÂIp¶ dºÀ ac§fpsS F®s¯ 400 sIm­v lcn¨m In«p¶ kwJy

4

Im¸n

BsI hnfhp \ÂIp¶ Im¸ns¨SnIfpsS F®s¯ 1200 sIm­v lcn¨m In«p¶ kwJy

5

IpcpapfIv

6

tXbne

BsI hnfhp \ÂIp¶ tXbne sNSnIÄ \n¡p¶ `qhnkvXrXn

7

Gew

BsI hnfhp \ÂIp¶ Gew sNSnIÄ \n¡p¶ `qhnkvXrXn

BsI Imbv^eapÅ Ihp§pIfpsS F®s¯ 1200 sIm­v lcn¨m In«p¶ kwJy

BsI hnfhp \ÂIp¶ IpcpapfIv sNSnIfpsS F®s¯ 750 sIm­v lcn¨m In«p¶ kwJy

(2) ta hnhcn¨ hnfIÄ Irjn sNbvXncn¡p¶ BsI `qhnkvXrXn ta ]«nI {]Imcw IW¡m¡p¶ hnf hnkvXrXntb¡mÄ Ipdhmbm BsI `qhnkvXrXn AYhm `qanbpsS bYmÀ° hnkvXoÀ®w am{Xw hnfhnkvXrXnbmbn IW¡m¡nbm aXn. 80. \nIpXn \nÀ®bm[nImcnþ Hcp Xmeq¡nse tXm« \nIpXn Npa¯m\pÅ A[nIrX DtZymKس B Xmeq¡nse XlknÂZmÀ Bbncn¡pw. F¶m H¶n¡qSpX Xmeq¡pIfn tXm« `qan ssIhiapÅ ]£w GXv Xmeq¡nemtWm \nIpXnZmbI\v IqSpX tXm« `qan ssIhiapÅXv, B Xmeq¡nse XlknÂZmÀ¡mWv \nIpXn Npa¯m\pÅ A[nImcw. H¶n IqSpX PnÃIfn tXm« `qan ssIhiapÅ ]£w GXv dh\yq UnhnjW B^okdpsS A[nImc ]cn[nbnemtWm IqSpX tXm« `qan ssIhiapÅXv B dh\yq UnhnjW B^okdmWv \nIpXn Npat¯­Xv . Hmtcm Xmeq¡ntebpw hntÃPv B^okÀamÀ X§fpsS hntÃPpIfn tXm« \nIpXn \ÂIm³ _m[yXbpÅhcpsS Hcp enÌv hÀjw tXmdpw \nÀ±nã ^md¯n X¿mdm¡n AXmXv Xmeq¡v XlknÂZmÀ¡v kaÀ¸nt¡­XmWv. {]kvXpX enÌn tXm« \nIpXn \ÂIm³ _m²yXbpÅhÀ¡v hntÃPm^okdpsS


AdnhnÂs¸«nSt¯mfw GsXÃmw Xmeq¡pIfnepw hntÃPpIfnepw tXm« `qan ssIhiaps­¶v {]tXyIw tcJs¸Sp¯nbncn¡Ww 81. dnt«¬þ tXm« \nIpXn \ÂIm³ _m²yXbpÅhÀ X§fpsS ssIhiapÅ tXm« `qanIfpsS hnhc§fS§nb Hcp dnt«¬ \nIpXn Npa¯m³ A[nImcs¸Sp¯nbn«pÅ DtZymKØ\v kaÀ¸n¡m³ _m²yØcmWv. CXn hogv N hcp¯p¶hsc Is­¯m\pw AhcpsS t]cn \nbam\pkrX \S]SnIsfSp¡m\pw hntÃPv B^okÀ kaÀ¸n¡p¶ enÌv klmbIcamWv. AXn\m \nIpXn \nÀ®b DtZymKس {]kvXpX enÌv hntÃPv B^okn kq£n¡p¶ tXm«hnf cPnÌÀ, \nIpXn \ÂIm³ _m²yXbpÅhcpsS cPnÌÀ, \nIpXnZmbIcpsS hnhcw tcJs¸Sp¯nbn«pffhcpsS cPnÌÀ F¶nhbpambn H¯pt\m¡n \nIpXn \ÂIm³ _m²yXbpÅ FÃmhcpw \nÀ±nã dnt«¬ IrXykab¯v kaÀ¸n¨n«pt­msb¶pw A{]Imcw kaÀ¸n¨ dnt«WpIfnse hnhc§Ä icnbmtWm F¶pw ]cntim[nt¡­XmWv. 82. hntÃPv Hm^okdpsS dnt¸mÀ«vþ (1)I£nIÄ kaÀ¸n¡p¶ dnt«WpIfnse hnhc§sf¡pdn¨v At\zjWw \S¯n dnt¸mÀ«v kaÀ¸nt¡­Xv hntÃPv DtZymKØcpsS ISabmWv . {]kvXpX dnt¸mÀ«nsâ ASnØm\¯nemWv XlknÂZmÀ \nIpXn \nÀ®bnt¡­Xv . AXn\m dnt¸mÀ«n\pth­n XlknÂZmcn \n¶pw e`n¡p¶ dnt«WpIfnse hnhc§sf Ipdn¨v At\zjWw \S¯n ImeXmakw IqSmsX \nÀ±nã t^md¯n XlknÂZmÀ¡v dnt¸mÀ«v kaÀ¸n¡m³ hntÃPv B^okÀ {]tXyIw {i²n¡Ww. hntÃPv B^okÀ kaÀ¸n¡p¶ dnt¸mÀ«n dnt«¬ ^b sNbv XhcpsS ssIhi`qanbn A\p`hapÅXpw AÃm¯Xpamb hr£ hnhc§Ä {]tXyIw {]tXyIw tcJs¸Sp¯nbncn¡Ww. A]qÀ®hpw AhmkvXhpamb hnhc§Ä kaÀ¸n¡pI aqew kÀ¡mcn\v \ãw t\cnSm³ km²yXbpÅXn\m At\zjW dnt¸mÀ«v X¿ md m¡p¶ Ahkc¯ n hntà Pv D tZ ymK ØÀ th­{X P m{KX ImWnt¡­XmWv. 83. t\m«okv þ \nIpXn Npa¯p¶Xnt\mS\p_Ôn¨v tIcf tXm«\nIpXn \nba¯nepw N«§fnepw \njvIÀjn¨n«pff t\m«okpIÄ \nIpXnZmbIÀ¡v bYmkabw \S¯m\pw hntÃPv DtZymKØÀ¡v NpaXebp­v. taep²cn¨ \nba¯nepw N«§fnepw hn`mh\w sNbv X n«pff FÃm t\m«okpIfpw I£nIÄ¡v X]m amÀ¤tam knhn \S]Sn N«§fn \nÀt±in¨n«pff coXnbntem \St¯­XmWv. \nIpXn Npa¯p¶Xn\p th­n \nIpXn \nÀ®b DtZymKس ]ment¡­ \S]Sn{Ia§sf Ipdn¨v tXm« \nIpXn \nba¯nse 5,6 F¶o hIp¸pIfn hnhcn¨n«p­v. 84. \nIpXn Npa¯Â D¯chpw \nIpXn ]ncnhpwþ (1)\nIpXn Npa¯Â D¯chv ]mÊm¡n¡gnªm DS³Xs¶ D¯chnsâ km£ys¸Sp¯nb Hcp ]IÀ¸v Unamâ v t\m« okv klnXw I£ n¡pw asä mc p ]IÀ¸ v _Ô s¸ « 51


hntÃPm^okÀ¡pw \ÂIp¶p. D¯chnsâ ]IÀ¸v hntÃPm^okn e`n¨p Ignªm DS³Xs¶ hntÃPm^okÀ hnhcw \nIpXnZmbIcpsS hnhcw tcJs¸Spt¯­ A¡u­n tNÀt¡­Xpw D¯chn ImWn¨n«pff hmÀjnI \nIpXn InkvXv XnbXn¡p apX sh¨p \nIpXnZmbIcn \n¶pw CuSm¡n ckoXp \ÂtI­XpamWv. \nIpXn C\¯n hÀjwtXmdpw apX shbv¡p¶ XpIbpsS ]ncnhnsâ ]ptcmKXn tcJs¸Sp¯p¶Xn\p th­n hntÃPm^okn Hcp apXÂþ]ncnhvþ_m¡n cPnÌÀ kq£nt¡­XmWv. (2) Hmtcm hÀjs¯bpw \nIpXn AXmXp hÀj¯nse InkvXp XnbXnt¡m AXn\p apt¼m hntÃPm^okn HSp¡n ckoXv hm§m³ \nIpXnZmbIÀ _m²yØcmWv. hmÀjnI\nIpXn, \nÀ±nã XnbXnt¡m AXn\papt¼m HSp¡m³ hogvN hcp¯p¶Xmbm IpSnÈnIbmbn ]cnKWnt¡­Xpw IpSnÈnI¡mcn \n¶pw 1/04/1981- \p tijapff IpSnÈnI¯pIbv¡v {]XnhÀjw 12 iXam\w \nc¡n ]eni CuSmt¡­XpamWv. F¶m 31.3.1981 hscbpff Imebfhnse IpSnÈnIbv¡v 9% \nc¡nemWv ]eni IW¡mt¡­Xv. ]eni IW¡m¡pt¼mÄ Hcp amk¯n Ipdª IpSnÈnI Imemh[n ]Xn\©p Znhktam AXn IqSpXtem Bbm Hcp amkambn IW¡mt¡­Xpw ]Xn\©v Znhk¯n Ipdªm AhKWnt¡­XpamWv. AXpt]mse Xs¶ Hcp cq]bn Ipdª IpSnÈnI¯pI A¼Xv ss]ktbm AXn IqSpXtem Bbm Hcp cp]bmbn IW¡m¡mhp¶Xpw A¼Xv ss]kbn Ipdª XpI Xffn¡fbmhp¶XpamWv. 85. \nIpXnZmbIsâ _m[yXþ Hcn¡Â Npa¯nb \nIpXn ]pXp¡n \nÝbn¡p¶Xphsc BZyw Npa¯s¸« \nIpXn {]m_ey¯nencn¡p¶Xpw hntÃPm^okÀ AX\pkcn¨v \nehnepff \nIpXn hÀjw tXmdpw apXen sIm­p h¶v \nIpXnZmbIcn \n¶pw bYmkabw CuSmt¡­XpamWv. \nIpXn¡v hnt[bamb tXm«`qan A\ym[o\s¸Sp¯p¶tXmsSm¸w \nIpXn \ÂIm\pff \nIpXnZmbIsâ _m²yX Ahkm\n¡p¶nÃ. Hmtcm km¼¯nI hÀjmcw`¯nepw tXm«`qan BcpsS ssIhiamtWm AbmÄ \nIpXn \ÂIm³ _m²yØ\mWv. DZmlcWambn Hcp \nIpXn ZmbI³ Xsâ \nIpXn Npa¯s¸« 100 slÎÀ tXm«`qanbnÂ\n¶pw 50 slÎÀ `qan 10.04.2018 \ - v asämcmÄ¡v XosdgpXn F¶v IcpXpI. F¦nepw sam¯w `qanbptSbpw (100 slÎdn\pw) 2018-þ19 km¼¯nI hÀjs¯ tXm«\nIpXn \ÂIm³ ap³ `qDSa Xs¶bmWv _m²yس. Xodp hm§nb hyàn¡v Xsâ 50 slÎÀ tXm«`qansb kw_Ôn¨nSt¯mfapff \nIpXn \ÂIm\pff _m²yX 2019-þ20 km¼¯nI hÀjwapXÂt¡ Bcw`n¡pIbpffq. 86. \nIpXn ]p\À\nÀ®bwþ (1) \nIpXn¡p hnt[bamb tXm«`qanbpsS hnkv X oÀ®¯n\p hyXymkw hcp¶X\pkcn¨v \nIpXn ]p\À\nÀ®bw sNt¿­XmWv. Xmsg hnhcn¡p¶ kmlNcy§fnemWv kzm`mhnIambpw tXm«`qanbpsS hnkvXoÀ®¯n\v hyXymkw hcpI (F) hkvXp A\ym[o\s¸Sp¯Â, hn¸\, ssIamäw, DSaamäw,


`mKw hbv]v XpS§nbh (_n) \nIpXn¡v hnt[bamb `qan s]m¶pwhnebvs¡Sp¡pItbm hns«mgnbpItbm sN¿pI. (kn) hnfhp \ÂIp¶ hr£§Ät¡m sNSnIÄt¡m \mi\ãw kw`hn¡p¶Xp \nan¯w tXm« `qanbpsS hnkvXoÀ®¯n\v Ipdhv kw`hn¡pI. (Un) hnfhv \ÂImXncp¶ hr£§fpw sNSnIfpw ]pXpXmbn hnfhp \ÂIm³ Bcw`n¡p¶tXmSpIqSn tXm«`qanbpsS hnkvXoÀ®¯n\v hÀ²\hv D­mIpI. (2) \nIpXn \nÀ®b DtZymKØ\v, kzta[bmtbm \nIpXnZmbIsâ At]£bpsS ASnØm\¯ntem \nIpXn¡v hnt[bamb tXm«`qanbpsS hnkvXoÀ®w ]p\À\nÀ®bw sN¿mhp¶Xpw AX\pkcn¨v \nIpXn \nc¡v ]pXp¡n \nÝbn¡mhp¶XpamWv. \nIpXn¡v hnt[bamb `qanbpsS hnkvXoÀ®w ] p\À\nÀ ®b w sN¿m³ \nIp XnZmbI³ km[mcWbmbn At] £ kaÀ¸n¡p¶Xv `qanbpsS hnkv X oÀ®¯n\v Ipdhv kw`hn¡pt¼mgmWv . AXn\m \nIpXn¡p hnt[bamb `qanbpsS hnkv X oÀ®¯n\v hÀ²\hv kw`hn¡p¶Xv I­p]nSn¨v dnt¸mÀ«v sNt¿­Xv hntÃPv DtZymKØcpsS ISabmIp¶p. bYmkabw \nIpXn ]p\À\nÀ®bw sN¿m³ Imehnfw_w t\cnSp¶Xpaqew kÀ¡mcn\v D­mIp¶ \ã¯n\v \nIpXn \nÀ®b DtZymKØ\pw hntÃPv DtZymKØcpw D¯chmZnIfmbn¯ocp¶XmWv . AXn\m hntÃPv DtZymKØÀ \nIpXn Npa¯en \n¶pw c£t\Snb tXm«`qanIfpw, \nIpXnZmbIcpsS tXm«`qanbn ImemIme§fn D­mIp¶ hÀ²\bpw bYmkabw I­p]nSn¨v _Ôs¸« XlkoÂZmÀ¡v dnt¸mÀ«v sNt¿­XmWv. 87. hnfshSp¡m³ Bcw`n¨n«nÃm¯ hnfIsf kw_Ôn¨vþ tXm« DSaIÄ kaÀ¸n¡p¶ dnt«WpIfnepw hntÃPm^okÀ XlknÂZmÀ¡v kaÀ¸n¡p¶ At\zjW dnt¸mÀ«nepw \nIpXnZmbIsâ ssIhiapff hnfhv \ÂIm³ {]mbamIm¯ hr£§fpw sNSnIfpw F¶p apX¡v Imbv^ew \ÂIpsa¶v {] tXyIw tc Js¸Sp¯ nb nc n¡pw . tXm« hnfIÄ hnfhv \ Im³ Bcw`n¡p¶tXmSpIqSn tXm« `qanbpsS hnkv X oÀ®¯n\v hÀ²\hv D­mIp¶Xn\m {]Xo£nX hÀj¯n Xs¶ Ah hnfhv \ÂIm³ Bcw`nt¨m F¶v ]cntim[nt¡­Xv hntÃPv AknÌânsâ ISabmIp¶p. At\zjW¯n Ah hnfhv \ÂIm³ Bcw`n¨Xmbn t_m[ys¸«m hnhcw _Ôs¸« cPnÌdn tcJs¸Spt¯­Xpw \nIpXn ]p\À\nÀ®bw sN¿m³ XlknÂZmÀ¡v ip]mÀi kaÀ¸nt¡­XpamWv. CÃm¯ ]£w hnhcw cPnÌdn tcJs¸Sp¯pIbpw thWw. 88. hntÃPv Hm^okdpsS shcn^nt¡j³ dnt¸mÀ«v þ tXm« \nIpXn 53


Npa¯p¶Xn\p th­n hntÃPv Hm^okÀ kaÀ¸nt¡­ shcn^nt¡j³ dnt¸mÀ«nsâ amXrI A\p_Ôwþ 4 Bbn tNÀ¯ncn¡p¶p. 89. \nIpXn \nc¡vþ NphsS tNÀ¡p¶p:

01/04/2014 apX \nehn h¶ tXm«\nIpXn \nc¡v

(1)

sam¯w hnkvXoÀ®w 2 slÎÀ hsc

:

(2)

2 slÎdn\v apIfn F¶m 4 slÎdn Ihnbm¯Xv

:

\nIpXnbnà c­v slIvSdn IqSpXepff Hmtcm slÎdn\pw {]XnhÀjw 200 cq]

(3)

4 slÎdn\v apIfn F¶m 8 slÎdn Ihnbm¯Xv

:

c­v slIvSdn IqSpXepff Hmtcm slÎdn\pw {]XnhÀjw 300 cq]

(4)

8 slÎdn\v apIfn F¶m 15 slÎdn Ihnbm¯Xv

:

c­v slIvSdn IqSpXepff Hmtcm slÎdn\pw {]XnhÀjw 400 cq]

(4)

15 slÎdn\v apIfn F¶m 25 slÎdn Ihnbm¯Xv

:

c­v slIvSdn IqSpXepff Hmtcm slÎdn\pw {]XnhÀjw 500 cq]

(4)

25 slÎdn\v apIfnÂ

:

c­v slIvSdn IqSpXepff Hmtcm slÎdn\pw {]XnhÀjw 700 cq]

DZmlcWw 1þ NphsS hnhcn¡p¶ hr£§fpff Hcp tXm« DSabpsS tXm«¯n\v F§s\ \nIpXn \nÝbn¡Ww. Imbv^ew \ÂIp¶ sX§v

:

15

Imbv^ew \ÂIp¶ IapIv

:

12

Imbv^ew \ÂIp¶ dºÀ

:

600


Imbv¡p¶ Im¸ns¨Sn

:

120

Imbv¡p¶ IpcpapfIv hffn

:

15

hnfhv \ÂIp¶ tXbnet¯m«w

:

60 slÎÀ

hnfhv \ÂIp¶ Get¯m«w

:

5slÎÀ

\nIpXn \nÀ ®bn¡p¶Xn\pth­n tXm« hnf`qanbpsS hnkv X oÀ ®w IW¡mt¡­ coXnþ sX§v IapIv dºÀ Im¸n IpcpapfIv tXbnet¯m«w Get¯m«w

15/150 12/1200 600/400 12/1200 15/750

sam¯w hnkvXoÀ®w

= = = = = = =

0.10 slÎÀ 0.01 slÎÀ 1.50 slÎÀ 0.01 slÎÀ 0.02 slÎÀ 60.00 slÎÀ (`qhnkvXrXn) 5.00 slÎÀ ( ‘ )

=

66.64 slÎÀ

\nIpXnþ BZys¯ 2 slÎdn\v \nIpXnbnÃ. sam¯hnkvXoÀ®w 25 slÎdn Ihnbp¶Xn\m c­v slÎdn\v apIfnepff 64.64 slÎdn\v {]XnhÀjw slÎÀ H¶n\v 700 cq] {Ia¯n tXm«\nIpXn 64.64 X 700

=

45248 cq].

DZmlcWw 2 DSabpsS ssIhi `qanbpsS BsI hnkvXoÀ®w 7 slÎÀ. AXnse hnfIÄ C{]ImcamWv. (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6)

Imbv^ew \ÂIp¶ sX§v Imbv^ew \ÂIp¶ Ihp§v BZmbw \ÂIp¶ dºÀ Imbv^eapÅ Im¸ns¨Sn Imbv^eapÅ IpcpapfIv sNSn tXbne tXm«w 55

þ þ þ þ þ -þ

900 F®w 1400 F®w 900 F®w 600 F®w 540 F®w 2.00 slÎÀ


\nIpXn \nÀ®bw sX§v

þ

900/ 150

=

6 slÎÀ

Ihp§v

þ

1400/ 1200

=

1.17 slÎÀ

dºÀ

þ

900/ 400

=

2.25 slÎÀ

Im¸n

þ

600 /1200

=

0.50 slÎÀ

IpcpapfIv

þ

540 /750

=

0.72 slÎÀ

tXbne

=

2.00 slÎÀ

=

12.64 slÎÀ

BsI tXm« hnkvXoÀ®w

tXm«`qanbpsS bYmÀ° `uXnI hnkvXoÀ®w 7 slÎdmbXn\m tXm« `qanbpsS hnkvXoÀ®w = 7 slÎÀ \nIpXn = 5 x 300 = 1500 cq]

****


A²ymbw-þ - 9

PetkN\ \nIpXn

90. ]Ým¯ewþ PetkN\ \nIpXn (CdntKj³ skkv) Npa¯p¶Xns\ kw_Ôn¨v ap³ Xncps¡m¨n kwØm\¯pw ae_mÀ PnÃbnepw hnhn[ \nba§fpw N«§fpw \ne\n¶ncp¶p. tIcf kwØm\¯v H«msI GIoIrXambn 2003 Zn tIcf CdntKj³ Bâ v hm«À I¬kÀthj³ BIväv \nehn h¶tXmSpIqSn {]kvXpX \nba§fpw N«§fpw Akm[phmIpIbp­mbn. 91. ]²Xn {]tZiwþ (1) Hcp PetkN\ ]²XnbpsS hnÚm]\w {]kn²oIcn¨p IgnªmepS³ {]kvXpX ]²Xn KpW{]ZamIp¶ Asæn KpW{]Zam¡mhp¶ `qanIsf kw_Ôn¨ Hcp ]«nI CdntKj³ B^okÀ X¿mdmt¡­XmWv. {]kvXpX ]«nIbn Sn Øe¯v Irjn sN¿p¶ Asæn IÀjIÀ Irjn sN¿m\pt±in¡p¶ hnfIsf¡pdn¨pÅ hnhc§Ä AS§nbncn¡Ww. CdntKj³ B^okÀ X¿mdm¡p¶ Cu ]«nIbpsS aXnbmb ]IÀ¸pIÄ _Ôs¸« XlknÂZmÀ¡v Ab¨psImSpt¡­Xpw XlknÂZmÀ BbXnsâ ]IÀ¸v hntÃPv B^okn {]kn²oIcn¡p¶Xn\v \S]SnIÄ kzoIcnt¡­Xpw, {]kvXpX `qanIÄ ]«nIbn DÄs¸Sp¯nbXns\Xnsc Bt£]aps­¦n BbXv Hcp amk¯n\pÅn t_m[n¸n¡p¶Xn\v Bhiys¸«v _Ôs¸« `qhpSaIÄ¡v t\m«okv \ÂtI­XpamWv. {]kvXpX PetkN\ ]²XnbpsS KpWw e`n¡p¶ `qanIÄ H¶n IqSpX Xmeq¡pIfn DÄs¸«phcp¶Xmbm Gähpw IqSpX `qan DÄs¸«p hcp¶ XlknÂZmÀ¡mWv ]«nI kaÀ¸nt¡­Xv. A¯c¯n `qcn`mKw `qan DÄs¸«p hcp¶ Xmeq¡ns\ kw_Ôn¨v XÀ¡apÅ ]£w hnjbw kÀ¡mcnsâ ]cnKW\bv¡mbn kaÀ¸nt¡­Xpw kÀ¡mÀ Xocpam\w A´naambncn¡pIbpw sN¿pw. (2) PetkN\ ]²Xn KpW{]ZamIp¶ `qanIfpsS ]«nIbvs¡Xnsc 57


`qhpSaIÄ D¶bn¡p¶ Bt£]§fnt·Â At\zjWw \S¯pIbpw At]£Isc t\cn tIÄ¡pIbpw sNbvX tijw Bt£]w ssI¸än 3 amk¯n\pÅn Bt£]w \nckn¨psImt­m Bt£]w \ymbamsW¶v t_m²yambm ]«nIbn A¯c¯n amäw hcp¯ns¡mt­m XlknÂZmÀ D¯chv ]pds¸Sphnt¡­Xpw {]kvXpX D¯chv Bt£]ap¶bn¨bmfn\v Ab¨p sImSpt¡­XpamWv. XlknÂZmcpsS D¯chns\Xnsc Bt£]apÅ ]£w D¯chv ssI¸än 60 Znhk¯n\pÅn At]£I\v PnÃm IfÎÀ ap¼msI A¸o kaÀ¸n¡mhp¶XmWv. A¯c¯n kaÀ¸n¡s¸Sp¶ A¸oen³ta PnÃm IfÎÀ c­v amk¯n\Iw Xocpam\w ssIs¡mtÅ­Xpw {]kvXpX Xocpam\w A´naambncn¡p¶XpamWv. hniZoIcWw : (`qhpSabpsS kz´w {]hr¯nsImt­m, Aew`mhw sImt­m Pee`yX D]tbmKn¡mXncp¶mepw A¯c¯nepÅ `qan Pee`yXbnÃm¯ `qanbmbn IW¡m¡m\mhnÃ.) (3) Bt£]§Ä XoÀ¸m¡nb tijw ]pXp¡nb `qanbpsS ]«nI, `qanbpsS hnkv X rXn, {]kv X pX `qanbn IrjnsN¿p¶ hnf F¶nh kw_Ôn¨ km£y]{Xw \nÝnX amXrIbn XlknÂZmÀ ]pds¸Sphnt¡­Xpw BbXv ]«nIbn hnhcn¡p¶ `qhpSaIÄ¡pw {]kv X pX `qan DÄs¸«phcp¶ ]©mb¯ntebv¡ pw Ab¨psImSpt¡­XpamWv. C{]Imcw kÀ«n^n¡äv \ÂIs¸« `qhpSabv¡v, kÀ«n^o¡äv e`n¨v 45 Znhk¯n\pffn A{]Imcapff kÀ«n^n¡äv d±m¡p¶Xnt\m t`ZKXn sN¿p¶Xnt\m th­n Bhiysa¦n dh\yq UnhnjW Hm^okÀ ap¼msI At]£ \ÂImhp¶XmWv. C¯cw At]£bnt·epff XoÀ¸ns\Xnsc PnÃm IfIv S À ap¼msI A¸o kaÀ¸n¡mhp¶XpamWv. 92. PetkN\ \nIpXnþ (1) 2003 se tIcf CdntKj³ Bâ v hm«À I¬kÀthj³ BIv S nsâ 21þmw hIp¸v {]Imcw ]pds¸Sphn¡p¶ kÀ«n^n¡än DÄs¸«phcp¶ FÃm `qanIÄ¡pw hmÀjnI PetkN\ \nIpXn Np a¯ p¶ Xn\v kÀ¡mc n\v A[nImc ap ­mbncn¡p w. C ¯c ¯n ImemIme§fn \nÝbn¡p¶ \nc¡nepÅ PetkN\ \nIpXn, _Ôs¸« hkvXp ØnXn sN¿p¶ hntÃPv Hm^okn kÀ¡mÀ \nÝbn¡p¶ kab¯pw coXnbnepw HSp¡m³ `qhpSa _m²yØ\mWv. (2) sk£³ 21 {]ImcapÅ kÀ«n^n¡äv {]m_ey¯nepÅnSt¯mfw Imew {]kvXpX kÀ«n^n¡än DÄs¸« `qanIÄ¡v kÀ«n^n¡än ]dªncn¡p¶ XobXnt¡m, AXn\p apt¼m Unamâ v t\m«okv IqSmsX Xs¶ PetkN\ \nIpXn HSpt¡­XmWv. BbXn\v hogvN hcp¯p¶ ]£w IpSnÈnI 6% \nc¡n ]eni CuSmt¡­XmWv. PetkN\ \nIpXn bYmkabw HSp¡m³ hogvN hcp¯p¶ IpSnÈnI¡mc\n \n¶pw IpSnÈnI XpI ]eni klnXw dh\yq dn¡hdn \S]SnIÄ kzoIcn¨v hkqemt¡­XmWv.


****

A²ymbwþ 10

dh\yq dn¡hdn (F) dh\yq dn¡hdn 93. dh\yq dn¡hdn \nbaw kw_Ôn¨vþ `qanbn \n¶v CuSmt¡­Xmb s]mXp \nIpXn IpSnÈnI, t{]mkkv ]Snbpw ]enibpw DÄs¸sS \nÀ_Ô \S]SnIsfSp¯v IpSnÈnI¡mcn \n¶pw CuSm¡m³ 1968 se tIcfm dh\yq dn¡hdn \nbaw dh\yq DtZymKØsc A[nImcs¸Sp¯p¶p. Cu \nbaa\pkcn¨v IpSnÈnI¡mcsâ t]cnepÅ PwKa hkvXp¡tfm Ømhc hkvXp¡tfm P]vXn sNbv Xv tee¯n hntäm P]vX n sNbvX Ømhc hkv X p¡Ä kÀ¡mÀ amt\PvsaânseSp¯v taemZmbsaSpt¯m IpSnÈnI¡mcs\ AdÌp sNbvXv XS¦en ht¨m IpSnÈnI CuSm¡mhp¶XmWv. IpSnÈnI CuSm¡p¶Xn ta¸dª amÀ¤§Ä {Iaambn ]men¡Wsa¶nÃm¯Xpw, Htc kabw H¶ne[nIw amÀK§Ä Ahew_n¡mhp¶XpamWv. 94. `qanbn Npa¯s¸« s]mXp \nIpXnbpw t{]mkkv]Snbpw:þ (1) `qanbn Npa¯s¸« s]mXp \nIpXn AYhm em³Uv dh\yq F¶XpsIm­v AÀ°am¡p¶Xv em³Uv dh\yq hIp¸v aptJ\ Npa¯s¸«XmhpIbpw `qanbn Npa¯s¸« \nIpXnIfmbncn¡pIbpw sN¿pI F¶XmWv . `qanbnt·Â Npa¯nbncp¶mepw AÃmXncp¶mepw `qanbnt·epÅ asäÃm \nIpXnIfpw, ^okpIfpw skÊpIfpw PetkN\mhiy§fpambn _Ôs¸«v Kh¬saân\v \ÂtI­Xmb hc nIfp tam AY hm aäp hnlnX§f ptam AXn DÄs¸Sp¶XpamWv. AXmbXv em³Uv dh\yq hIp¸v Npa¯p¶ ASnØm\ `q\nIpXn, tXm« \nIpXn, t]m¡phchv ^okv, sI«nS \nIpXn, kÀtÆ NmÀPv F¶nhsbÃmw `qanbnt·Â Npa¯s¸« s]mXp \nIpXnIfmsW¶À°w. 59


C¯ c¯n GsX¦nepw `qanbnt·ep Å s]mXp \nIpXn IpSnÈnI CuSm¡p¶Xn Cu \nba{]Imcw kzoIcn¡p¶ \S]SnIÄ B `qanbpsSbpw AXnepÅ sI«nS§fpsSbpw AXnse D¸¶§fpsSbpw taepÅ BZys¯ NmÀPmbncn¡p¶XmWv. (2) t\m«okv \S¯p¶Xn\v CuSm¡nhcp¶ t\m«okp]Sn, PwKa§Ä P]v X nsNbv X v \o¡w sN¿p¶Xn\pw Ah tiJcn¡p¶Xn\pw kw`cn¨p kq£n¡p¶Xn\pw NnehmIp¶ XpI, P]v X nsNbvX Ømhc PwKa§Ä tee¯n hn¡p¶Xns\ kw_Ôn¨ ]cky§Ä {]kn²oIcn¡p¶Xn\pÅ sNehv, sI«nS§fpsS aqeyw \nÀ®bn¡p¶Xn\p sNehmIp¶ sktâPv NmÀÖv, IpSnÈnI¡mcs\ XS¦en ]mÀ¸n¡p¶Xn\pÅ sNehv F¶nhbmWv ""t{]mkkv ]Sn'' F¶ ]ZwsIm­v hnh£n¡p¶Xv. 95. dh\yq dn¡hdn \nbahpw dh\yq DtZymKØcpw:þ (1) dh\yq dn¡hdn \nba¯n IfÎÀ, PnÃm IfÎÀ F¶nhÀ¡v {]tXyI A[nImc§Ä hn`mh\w sNbvXncn¡p¶p. {]kvXpX \nba¯nse 2(kn) hIp¸\pkcn¨pÅ IfÎdpsS A[nImc§Ä hn\ntbmKn¡p¶Xn\v NphsS ]dbp¶ DtZymKØsc A[nImcs¸Sp¯nbn«pÅXmWv. (i) (ii) (iii) (iv)

PnÃm IfÎÀ sU]yq«n IfÎÀ (P\dÂ) sU]yq«n IfÎÀ (dh\yq dn¡hdn) dh\yq UnhnjWÂ Hm^okÀ / k_v IfÎÀ / AknÌâ v IfÎÀ

(2) IfÎdmbn A[nImcs¸Sp¯s¸« Hcp DtZymKØ\v dh\yq dn¡hdn \nba¯nse 73þmw hIp¸\pkcn¨v X¶n \n£n]vXambncn¡p¶ A[nImc§Ä hn\ntbmKn¡p¶Xn\pw IÀ¯hy§Ä \ndthäp¶Xn\pw asämcp DtZymKØs\ A[nImcs¸Sp¯mhp¶XmWv. C{]Imcw A[nImcs¸Sp¯p¶ DtZymKØs\ ""A[nIrX DtZymKس'' AYhm ' BXssdkvUv Hm^okÀ'' F¶p ]dbp¶p. (3) PwKaP]vXn sN¿p¶Xn\v 7þmw hIp¸v {]Imcapff t^mdwþ1 t\m«okv aptJ\ IfIv S dn \n£n]v X amb A[nImc§Ä hntÃPv Hm^okÀ¡v ssIamdpIbmWv sN¿p¶Xv. C¯cw Ahkc§fn hntÃPv Hm^okÀ Cu \nba{]Imcapff “BXssdkvUv Hm^okÀ” BIp¶p. (4) dh\yq dn¡hdn \nba¯nse hnhn[ hIp¸pIf\pkcn¨v Hcp IfIvSdn \n £n]vXamb A[nImc§Ä Np hsS hnhc n¡p¶ D tZ ymKØ À¡v \ÂImhp¶XmWv. (i)

dh\yq IpSnÈnI kzoIcn¡p¶Xn\pÅ

XlknÂZmÀ


(ii)

sU. XlknÂZmÀ

Unamâ v t\m«okpIÄ H¸nSp¶Xn\pff A[nImcw (t^mdwþI, t^mdwþII)

XlknÂZmÀ sU. XlknÂZmÀ

(iii) PwKaw P]vXn sN¿p¶Xn\pÅ A[nImcw (7 apXÂ 11 hsc hIp¸pIÄ)

XlknÂZmÀ t\cnt«m sU]yq«n XlknÂZmÀ, dh\yq C³kvs]ÎÀ, hntÃPv Hm^okÀ, Chcnemscsb¦nepw \ntbmKnt¨m PwKaw P]vXn sN¿mhp ¶XmWv.

(iv) Hmlcn, ISw, tImSXn Un{In, s\tKmjy_nÄ C³kv{Spsaâ v, ]mÀ«vWÀjn¸v F¶nh P]vXn sN¿p¶Xn\pÅ A[nImcw (19 apX 27 hsc hIp¸pIÄ)

sU]yq«n XlknÂZmcpsS ]Zhnbn XmsgbÃmsXbpÅ HcptZymKس

(v)

.

A[nImcw (4-þmw hIp¸v)þ

Ømhc hkvXp¡Ä P]vXn sN¿p¶Xn\pÅ XlknÂZmÀ, A[nImcw (34, 35, 36, 50 F¶o hIp¸pIÄ) sU. XlknÂZmÀ

(vi) 44(3), 46, 48 F¶o hIp¸pIf\pkcn¨pÅ A[nImc§Ä

sU]yq«n XlknÂZmcpsS ]Zhnbn XmsgbÃmsXbpÅ Hcp DtZymKس

(vii) 49, 50, 51, 57 F¶o hIp¸pIf\pkcn¨pÅ A[nImc§Ä

XlknÂZmÀ

(viii) 62, 63 F¶o hIp¸pIf\pkcn¨pÅ A[nImc§Ä

XlknÂZmÀ, sU. XlknÂZmÀ

(ix) dh\yq dn¡hdn kÀ«n^n¡äv H¸nSp¶Xn\pff A[nImcw (hIp¸vþ69(1), 69(3))

sU]yq«n IfIvSÀ (dh\yq dn¡hdn)

61


96. PnÃmIfIvSdpsS A[nImcwþ NphsS hnhcn¡p¶ A[nImc§Ä PnÃm IfÎÀ¡v am{Xta hn\ntbmKn¡m\mIq. AXmbXv dh\yq dn¡hdn \nbaa\pkcn¨v If Îd mb n \ntb mK n¡s¸ « Hc p DtZymK Ø\v Cu A[nImc§Ä hn\ntbmKn¡m\mInÃ. (i)

IpSnÈnI¡mcsâ hym]mcw (_nkn\kv) P]vXn sNbvXv amt\Pvsaân GsäSp¡pI (hIp¸v 43)

(ii)

IpSnÈnI¡mcs\ AdÌv sNbvXv XS¦en hbv¡pI (hIp¸v

65, 66) 97. dh\yq dn¡hdn \nbahpw hntÃPv DtZymKØcpw:þ (1) em³Uv dh\yq C\¯nepÅ \nIpXnIfpw aäp dh\yq hchn\§fpw InkvXv XobXnt¡m aäp \nÀ±nã XobXnt¡m e`n¡m¯ ]£w IpSnÈnI¡mcpsS t]cn dh\yq dn¡hdn \S]SnIfmcw`nt¡­Xv hntÃPv Xe¯nemWv. `qanbn Npa¯s¸« em³Uv dh\yq hchn\§Ä IpSnÈnIbmIp¶ ]£w hntÃPv Hm^okdpsS dnt¸mÀ«nsâ ASnØm\¯n XlknÂZmÀ 7, 34 hIp¸pIÄ {]ImcapÅ Unamâ v t\m«okpIÄ X¿mdm¡n Xsâ Is¿m¸pw ap{Zbpw tNÀ¯v hntÃPv Hm^okÀ¡p \ÂtI­Xpw BbXnsâ ASnØm\¯n hntÃPvHm^okÀ XpSÀ \S]SnIÄ kzoIcnt¡­XpamWv. F¶m em³Uv dh\yq IpSnÈnI hcp¯nb hyàntbm AbmfpsS Pmay¡mct\m IpSnÈnI hcp¯nb PnÃbneÃmsX asämcp PnÃbn Xmakn¨phcp¶ ]£w XlknÂZmcpsS dnt¸mÀ«nsâ ASnØm\¯n sU]yq«n IfÎÀ (dh\yq dn¡hdn) t^mdwþ23 epÅ Hcp dh\yq dn¡hdn kÀ«n^n¡äv ]pds¸Sphnt¡­Xpw BbXv XpSÀ \S]SnIÄ¡mbn IpSnÈnI¡mc³ Xmakn¨p hcp¶ PnÃbnse PnÃm IfÎÀ¡v Ab¨psImSpt¡­XpamWv. (2) em³Uv dh\yq C\¯nepÅtXm AÃmsXbpÅtXm Bb IpSnÈnIIsf kw_Ôn¨v 7, 34 hIp¸pIÄ {]Imcw \nehn Hm¬sse\mbn hntÃPv Hm^okÀ¡v e`n¡p¶ Unamâ v t\m«okpIfpsS Bhiyamb {]XnIÄ {]nâu«v FSp¡pIbpw dh\yq dn¡hdn eUvPÀ, t\m«okv cPnÌÀ F¶nhbn Bhiyamb tcJs¸Sp¯epIÄ \S¯nbtijw hntÃPv ^oÂUv AknÌâ v aptJ\ IpSnÈnI I£nIÄ¡v bYmhn[n \S¯pIbpw Unamâ v t\m«okpIfpsS \S¯p{]XnIÄ Hm¬sse\mbn A]v t emUv sN¿pIbpw sNt¿­XmWv . dh\yq dn¡hdn \nba{]ImcapÅ Unamâ v t\m«okpIÄ ]pds¸Sphn¨mepS³ AhbpsS Hmtcm {]XnIÄ _Ôs¸« k_v cPnkv{SmÀ¡v IpSnÈnI¡mcsâ Ømhc hkvXp hnhc§fS§nb sat½mdm­w klnXw Ab¨p \ÂIWsa¶v 1908 se C³Uy³ cPnkvt{Sj³ \nba¯nse 89(6)(F) hIp¸n hyhØ sNbvXn«pÅXn\m XlknÂZmÀ¡v C¯c¯nepÅ \S]Sn kzoIcn¡p¶Xntebv ¡mbn 7, 34 hIp¸pIÄ {]ImcapÅ Unamâ v t\m«okpIÄ e`n¨mepS³ IpSnÈnI¡mcsâ t]cnepÅ `qanbpsS hnhc§Ä Xmeq¡m^okntebv¡v dnt¸mÀ«v sN¿m³ hntÃPv Hm^okÀ _m²yØ\mWv 89(6)(_n).


(3) em³Uv dh\yq hIp¸v Npa¯p¶ \nIpXnIÄ IqSmsX CXc hIp¸pIÄ Npa¯p¶ Nc¡p tkh\ \nIpXn, ImÀjnImZmb \nIpXn, A_vImcn, tamt«mÀhml\ \nIpXn XpS§nb aät\Iw \nIpXnIfpw IpSnÈnIIfpw kÀ¡mcn\p Int«­Xmb asäÃm IpSnÈnIIfpw CuSm¡p¶Xn\mbn _Ôs¸« AÀ°\m[nImcn \ÂIp¶ AÀ°\m]{X¯nsâ ASnØm\¯n 25þmw \¼À ^md¯n IfÎÀ dh\yq dn¡hdn kÀ«n^n¡äv ]pds¸Sphn¡pIbpw Xmeq¡v Xe¯nepw hntÃPv Xe¯nepw `q\nIpXn IpSnÈnIbntesX¶t]mse XpSÀ \S]SnIÄ kzoIcn¡pIbpw sN¿p¶p. 71þmw hIp¸v {]Imcw Cu \nbaw _m[Iam¡nbn«pÅ Øm]\§fpsS Imcy¯nepw ta hyhØIÄ _m[IamWv. 71þmw hIp¸v {]Imcw hnÚm]\w sN¿s¸« Øm]\§fpsS ]«nI A\p_Ôwþ5 Bbn tNÀ¯ncn¡p¶p. 98. PwKa P]vXnbpw teehpw:þ (1) 7þ-mw hIp¸p {]Imcw A[nImcs¸Sp¯s¸« tIkpIfn IpSnÈnI¡mcpsS PwKa hkvXp¡Ä P]vXn sN¿m³ hntÃPv Hm^okÀ t\cn«v \S]SnIÄ FSpt¡­XmWv. hfÀ¶psIm­ncn¡p¶ hnfIfpw kw`cn¨n«nÃm¯ D¸¶§fpw Cu \nba¯nsâ Bhiy¯nte¡mbn PwKakm[\§fmbn IW¡m¡p¶XmWv. PwKa§Ä P]vXn sN¿p¶Xnte¡mbn Unamâ v t\m«okv IpSnÈnI¡mc\v bYmhn[n \S¯nb tijw IpSnÈnI Bhiys¸tS­Xpw IpSnÈnI¡mc³ IpSnÈnI HSp¡p hcp¯m³ hogv N hcp¯p¶ ]£w DS³ Xs¶ PwKa km[\§Ä P]vXn sNt¿­XpamWv. P]v X n sNt¿­ PwKa hkvX phn c­v A\utZymKnI hyànIfpsS km¶n²y¯n hntÃPv Hm^okÀ kv]Àin¨ tijw BbXv P]vXn sNbvXXmbn {]Jym]n¡pIbmWv th­Xv. XpSÀ¶v P]vXn alkÀ X¿mdm¡nbtijw P]vXn sNbvX hkvXphIIÄ kpc£nX kq£n¸ntebv¡p amtä­XpamWv. P]vXn alÊdnsâ Hcp {]Xn, P]v X n sNbv X hkv X phIIÄ hbv ¡ pItbm kq£n¡pItbm sN¿p¶ Øe¯nsâ hniZhnhc§Ä tcJs¸Sp¯n hogvN¡mc\v ssIamtd­XmWv. PwKa§Ä P]vXn sN¿pt¼mÄ IpSnÈnI Xp Ib v¡v A[nIamIp¶ Xc ¯n P ]vXn sN¿m³ ]mSnà m¯ Xp w, C ¯c ¯nep Å P] vXn \S]SnIÄ kq tc ymZb ¯n\p tijhp w kqcymkvXab¯n\p ap¼pw am{Xambn ]cnanXs¸Spt¯­XpamWv. F¶m NphsS tNÀ¡p¶ PwKa§Ä bmsXmcp ImcWhimepw P]vX n sN¿m³ ]mSnÃm¯XmIp¶p. (i)

km[mcW [cn¡p¶ hkv{X§Ä

(ii)

Xmen, hnhml tamXncw, BNmc]ctam aX]ctam Bb Iogv\S¸\pkcn¨v icoc¯n \n¶pw thÀs]Sp¯m³ ]mSnÃm¯Xmb B`cW§Ä.

(iii) ]qPIÄ¡pw Bcm[\IÄ¡pw D]tbmKn¡p¶ Gähpw Npcp§nb hkvXp¡Ä 63


(iv) Irjn Bbp[§fpw Gähpw IpdªXv Hcp tPmUn F¶Xn\p hnt[bambn DghpImenbpsS F®¯nsâ \mensem¶v. (v)

ssIs¯mgnen\pff D]IcW§Ä

(vi) kÀ¡mÀ ImemIme§fn hnÚm]\w sN¿p¶ aäp hkvXphIIÄ. (2) P]vXn sNbvX PwKa§Ä H¶pw Xs¶ D]tbmKn¡m³ ]mSnÃm¯XmWv. am{XhpaÃ; Ah Ifhp t]mImsXbpw \jvSw kw`hn¡msXbpw tISphcmsXbpw kq£n¡m\pw P]vXn sNbvX DtZymKس _m[yØ\mWv. P]vXnbnencn¡p¶ PwKa km[\§Ä Bsc¦nepw A\phmZw IqSmsX amänbm hntÃPv Hm^okÀ hnhcw DS\Sn XlknÂZmÀ¡v dnt¸mÀ«p sNt¿­XmWv. PwKa§Ä P]vXn sNbvX tijw Ah tee¯n hn¡p¶Xn\p ap³]mbn IpSnÈnI¡mc³ IpSnÈnI¯pI t{]mkkv]Sn DÄs¸sS ]qÀ®ambn HSp¡p¶ ]£w B kwJy kzoIcn¨v PwKa§Ä X£Ww hn«p\ÂtI­XmWv. (3) P]vXn sN¿p¶ apX ^e§tfm hnfItfm Bbm Unam³Uv t\m«okv `qanbn ]Xn¨p \S¯ns¡m­mIWw Ah P]vXn sNt¿­Xv. C¯c¯n P]vX nsNbv X hnfItfm ^e§tfm hnfshSp¡m³ ]mIamIpt¼mÄ Ah hn¡pItbm AÃm¯]£w P]vXn sNbvX DtZymKØsâ CÑbv¡\pkcn¨v Ah bpàamb amÀK§Ä Ahew_n¨v hnfshSp¯v hn¡pItbm sN¿mhp¶XmWv (sk£³ 17). hnfshSp¡p¶Xn\pw kq£n¡p¶Xn\pw D­mIp¶ sNehpIÄ DSaØsâ ]¡Â\nt¶m Ah hn¡pt¼mÄ e`n¡p¶ XpIbnÂ\nt¶m CuSm¡mhp¶XmWv. IqSmsX IpSnbmsâ hIbmb hnfItfm D¸¶§tfm hn¡p¶ kwKXnIfn A{]Imcapff `qan kw_Ôn¨v IpSnbm³ hogv N ¡mc\v sImSpt¡­ ]m«¯n \n¶pw hnä D¸¶§fpsSbpw hnfIfpsSbpw hne Ipdhp sN¿mhp¶XpamWv. (4) P]vX n sNbv X PwKa§Ä teew sN¿p¶Xn\p apt¶mSnbmbn t^ md wþ2 ep Å t\m« okv ho gvN¡mc \p \St¯­Xp w bY mhn[n ]ckys¸Spt¯­XpamWv. IfÎÀt¡m A[nIrX DtZymKØt\m t\cnt«m Asæn Xsâ tcJmaqeapÅ A[nImc]{X¯m NpaXes¸Sp¯s¸« dh\yq C³kvs]ÎdpsS ]Zhnbv¡p XmsgbÃmsXbpÅ Hcp DtZymKس aptJ\tbm hn¸\ \S¯mhp¶XmWv. tee t\m«okv IpSnÈnI¡mc\v \S¯nb XobXnbn \n¶pw 15 Znhk§Ä¡p tijw am{Xta PwKa teew \S¯m³ ]mSpffq. F¶m s]s«t¶m kzm`mhnIamtbm \in¨pt]mImt\m tISmImt\m CSbpff PwKa§Ä hn Ât¡­n hc p¶ Ahkc§fn ta 15 Z nhk kab ]c n[n ]ment¡­XnÃm¯Xpw hogvN¡mc\pta t\m«okv \S¯nb tijw GXp kab¯pw Ah hn¡mhp¶XpamWv. P]vXn sNbvX PwKa§Ä H¶mtbm shtÆsdtbm teew sN¿mhp¶XmWv. teew \S¶mepS³ t{IXmhv (teew


sIm­bmÄ) {Ib hne ]q À®ambp w ASbvt¡­Xpw A§s\ HSp¡phcp¯nbmepS³ Xs¶ PwKa§Ä t{IXmhn\v hn«p\ÂtI­XpamWv. PwKatee§Ä¡v tee ØncoIcWw BhiyanÃm¯XmWv. dh\yq dn¡hdn \S]SnIsf XpSÀ¶pÅ FÃm tee§Ä¡pw tee Ubdn, tee alkÀ F¶nh X¿mdmt¡­Xp­v. teew amän hbv¡p¶ Ahkc§fn t]mepw tee alkÀ X¿mdmt¡­Xv A\nhmcyamWv. tee Ubdn, tee alkÀ F¶nhbpsS amXrIIÄ A\p_Ôwþ6 Bbn tNÀ¯ncn¡p¶p (5) hmSI, \mWbw, Id³kn, s\tKmjy_nÄ C³kv{Spsaâ v F¶nhbpw PwKa§fpsS \nÀhN\¯nÂs¸Sp¶Xpw \nÀ®bn¡s¸« t^md§fnepÅ D¯chpIÄ ]pds¸Sphn¨psIm­v Ch P]vXn sN¿mhp¶XpamWv. (6) IpSnÈnI I£ntbm hogvN¡mct\m Poh\¡mcmIp¶ ]£w ChcpsS i¼f¯n \n¶pw IpSnÈnI CuSm¡p¶Xnte¡mbn Unam³Uv t\m«okpIÄ \S¯nbmepS³ C¯c¡mÀ tPmen sN¿p¶ Øm]\¯nsâ hnhcw, XkvXnI, i¼f hnXcWw \S¯p¶bmfpsS hnhc§Ä F¶nh At\zjn¨v dnt¸mÀ«v sN¿m³ hntÃPv Hm^okÀ _m[yØ\mWv. 1908se knhn s{]mkoPnbÀ tImUnse hIp¸vþ 60, HmÀUÀþ XXI, N«wþ48, 48A F¶nhbpsS ASnØm\¯n kÀ¡mÀ / s]mXptaJe/ I¼\nIÄ/ kzImcy Øm]\§Ä F¶nhbnse Poh\¡mcpsS i¼fw P]vXn sN¿mhp¶XmWv. F¶m Iqens¯mgnemfnIfpsS i¼fw C{]Imcw P]vXn sN¿m³ ]mSnÃm¯XmWv. (7) P]vXn sN¿p ¶ DtZ ymKØ\v GsXmcp hmkKrl¯ntem sI«nS¯ ntem {] thin¡p Itbm Bhiysa¦n _ew {]tbmKn¨p {]thin¡pItbm PwKa P]v X n¡mbn A§s\bpÅ hmkKrl¯ntem sI«nS¯ntem DÅ GsXmcp apdnbpsS hmXnepw Ip¯ns¸mfn¨p Xpd¡pItbm sN¿mhp¶XpamWv . F¶m kv { XoIÄ¡v am{Xambn Xmakn¡m\mbn amänhb v¡s¸ « ap dnIf n {]thin¡p¶ Xn\p ap¼mb n AhÀ Hgnªpamdp¶Xntebv ¡ mbn {]tZihmknIfpw kÀ¡mÀ Poh\¡mcÃm ¯hcpamb c­p t]cpsS km¶n²y¯n t\m«okv \ÂtI­Xpw kv{XoIÄ Hgnbp¶ apdbv¡v PwKa P]vXnIÄ DS\Sn ]qÀ¯nbm¡n A¯cw apdnIÄ Xmak¡mÀ¡v \nÀ_m[w hn«psImSpt¡­XpamWv. \S]Sn{Ia§Ä ]men¨ÃmsX kv { XoIfpsS hmkØe§fn {]thin¡p¶Xv hIp¸v 33 ]Imcapff in£mÀlamb {]hr¯nbmsW¶Xn\m C¡mcy¯n bmsXmcp hogvNIfpw D­mIm³ ]mSnÃm¯XpamWv. 99. Ømhc P]vXnbpw teehpwþ (1) 34-þmw hIp¸p {]ImcapÅ Unamâ v t\m«okv IpSnÈnI I£nbv¡v \S¯nb tijw 10 Znhk¯n\Iw hogvN¡mc³ IpSnÈnI HSp¡phcp¯m¯ ]£w IfÎÀ¡v hogvN¡mcsâ hIbmb ØmhchkvXp P]vXn sNbvXpsIm­v D¯chv ]pds¸Sphn¡mhp¶XmWv. CXntebv¡mbn hntÃPv Hm^okÀ hogvN¡mcsâ t]cnepÅ Ømhchkv X phnhcw X­t¸À 65


IW¡nsâ(Nnä) icn¸IÀ¸v klnXw XlknÂZmÀ¡v Abbvt¡­XmWv. 36þmw hIp¸v {]ImcapÅ P]vXn D¯chv hkvXphn ]Xn¡p¶ XobXn apX P]vXnbv¡v {]m_eyw D­mbncn¡p¶XmWv. hogvN¡mcsâ t]cnepÅ Ømhc hkvXp¡Ä P]vXn sN¿p¶Xn \nb{´W§fnsænepw hn¸\ \S¯p¶ Ahkc¯n {]mtbmKnIamIp¶nSt¯mfw IpSnÈnIbpw AXnt·epÅ ]enibpw \S¯n¸p sNehpw ho«m³ aXnbmIp¶Xn IqSpX hcp¶ `qan teew sN¿m³ ]mSnÃm¯XmWv. (2) IpSnÈnI I£n t]cnep­mbncp¶Xpw tcJmaqeapff Unam³Uv \ÂInbtijw ssIamäw sN¿s¸«n«pffXpamb `qanIÄ kw_Ôn¨ hnhc§fpw hntÃPv Hm^okÀ, XlknÂZmÀ¡v dnt¸mÀ«v sNt¿­Xpw C¯cw Ahkc§fn ssIamäw \S¶ n« nà m¯ Xp t] mse ]c nK Wn¨v P ]vXn\S]SnIÄ kzoIcn¡mhp¶XpamWv. tcJmaqeapff Unam³Uv F¶Xv dh\yq dn¡hdn \nba{]Imcapff Unam³Uv t\m«okpIfÃ; adn¨v IpSnÈnI GXn\hpambn _Ôs¸«XmtWm {]kvXpX XpIIÄ Bhiys¸«psIm­v P]vXn \S]SnIÄ Bcw`n¡p¶Xn\p ap¼mbn \ÂInbn«pff Unam³Uv t\m«okpIfmIp¶p. (3) P]vXn sNbvX tijhpw IpSnÈnI HSp¡p hcp¯m¯ kwKXnIfn IpSnÈnIbpw A\p_Ô XpIIfpw CuSm¡p¶Xn\v ]cym]vXamb `qan Af¶v Xn«s¸Sp¯n t¹m«Uv kvsI¨v, alÊÀ, hne\nÀ®b kÀ«n^n¡äv/dnt¸mÀ«v F¶nh klnXw hntÃPv Hm^okÀ XlknÂZmÀ¡v kaÀ¸nt¡­XmWv. XpSÀ¶v Xlkn ZmÀ 16 þmw \¼À t^md ¯nep Å te e t\m« okpIÄ ]pds¸Sphn¡p¶Xmbncn¡pw. `qanbpsS It¼mf hne \nÀ®bw \S¯pt¼mÄ P]v X n sNbv X `qanbnepÅ Ccp]¯¿mbncw cq]bne[nIw hnebpff sI«nS§fpsS hne\nÀ®b km£y]{Xw s]mXpacma¯v (sI«nS hn`mKw) F ©n\o bÀ amcn \nt¶ m Xt±ikz bw `c W Øm]\§f nse F³Pn\obÀamcn \nt¶m BIWw e`yamt¡­Xv. C¯cw Ahkc§fn kÀ«n^n¡äv X¿mdm¡p¶Xn\pÅ sktâPv NmÀÖv ap³Iqdmbn \ÂtI­XnÃ. adn¨v tee \S]SnIÄ¡ptijw XpI AS¨psImÅmsa¶v s]mXpacma¯v / Xt±ikzbw`cW A[nImcnIÄ¡v tcJmaqeapÅ Dd¸p \ÂInbm aXnbmIp¶XmWv. Ccp]¯¿mbncw cq]bne[nIcn¡m¯ aqeyapff sI«nS§fpsS hne\nÀ®bw hntÃPv Hm^okÀ¡v \S¯mhp¶XmWv. `qanbpsS It¼mf hne \nÀ®bw \S¯p¶Xn\v `qanbpsS hne \nÀ®b kÀ«n^n¡äv (Valuation Certificate) A\p hZ n¡pt¼mÄ A\p hÀ ¯n¡p ¶ AtX \S]Sn{Ia§fmWv kzoIcnt¡­Xv. (4) teew \S¯p¶ Ahkc§fn s]mXp tee¯n\v ]camh[n {]Nmcw \ÂIp¶Xn\pw IqSpX BfpIsf tee¯n ]s¦Sp¸n¡p¶Xn\pw hntÃPv Hm^okÀ _m[yXs¸«ncn¡p¶p. teew \S¡pt¼mÄ tee Ubdn, tee alkÀ F¶nh X¿mdm¡phm³ teew \S¯p¶Xn\v \nbpà\mb DtZymKس _m²yØ\mWv. kÀ¡mcntebv¡v teew sImÅp¶ Ahkc§fn (Bought-


in-land)71-þmw hIp¸v {] Imcw hnÚm]\w sN¿s¸ « Øm]\amWv AÀ°\m[nImcnsb¦n AÀ°\m[nImcnbpsS t]cnemIWw ØmhchkvXp tee¯n ]nSnt¡­Xv. (5) ØmhchkvXp¡Ä P]vXn sN¿p¶Xn\v apt¶mSnbmbn Unamâ v t\m« okpIÄ \S¯nbXpsImt­m 36 þmw hIp¸ p {] Imcw P] v X n sNbvXXpsImt­m am{Xw ho gvN¡mc \v Xsâ hkvXp hnep Å DSaØmhImi§Ät¡m, AhImi _Ô§Ät¡m bmsXmcp tIm«hpw kw`hn¡p¶nÃ. tee ØncoIcW tijw am{Xta tee XobXn {]_ey¯n ho gvN¡mc \v Xsâ `qanb ne pÅ C ¯c w AhImi§Ä CÃmXmIpIbpÅq.AXn\m Xs¶ tee¯obXnhscbpw hogvN¡mc\n \n¶pw `q\nIpXn kzoIcn¡p¶Xnt\m hogvN¡mc³ t]cn `qan kw_Ôamb km£y]{X§Ä A\phZn¡p¶Xnt\m XSÊanÃm¯XmWv . C¯cw Ahkc§fn \nIpXn ckoXntem km£y]{X§fntem P]vXn kw_Ôn¨ d namÀ ¡v IpSnÈnI¯p Ib psS hnhc w klnXw \nÀ _Ô ambp w tcJs¸Sp¯nbncn¡Ww. (6) P]vXn sNbvX Ømhc hkvXp¡Ä kÀ¡mÀ A[o\XbnseSp¡pIbpw hntÃPv Hm^oksd GPâmbn \ntbmKn¡pIbpw sN¿p¶ ]£w IfÎdpsS \nÀt±im\pkcWw Ah bYmhn[n kq£n¡m\pw Ahbn \n¶pw e`n¡p¶ hchpIÄ¡v Ir Xyambn IW¡p kq £n¡m\p w hntà Pv H m^okÀ _m²yØ\mIp¶p. taemZmbw (usufructs) hIbnepÅ hchpIÄ bYmkabw IpSnÈnIbntebv ¡ v hI sImÅn¡pIbpw _m¡nbpÅXv hogv N ¡mc\v \ÂIpIbpw sNt¿­XmWv. C¯c¯n GPâ v F¶ \nebn hntÃPv Hm^okÀ kq£n¡p¶ IW¡pIÄ ]cntim[n¡p¶Xn\v hogvN¡mc\v kuIcyw \ÂtI­XpamWv. 100. t_m«vþC³þem³Uv kw_Ôn¨ hyhØIÄ:þ (1) dh\yq dn¡hdnbpambn _Ôs¸« Ømhchkv X p teehn¸\bn teew sImffm³ Bcpw X¿mdmImsX hcpItbm Asæn tee¯pI IpSnÈnI XoÀ¡m³ aXnbmImsX hcpItbm sN¿p¶ Ahkc§fn `qan Hcp cq]bv¡v kÀ¡mcnte¡v hnebv¡p hm§p¶Xn\v dh\yq dn¡hdn \nba¯nsâ hIp¸v 50(2)  hyhØ sNbvXn«pffXmWv. C{]Imcw kÀ¡mcnte¡v hnehm§nb `qansbbmWv t_m«vþ C³þ em³Uv F¶v ]dbp¶Xv. t_m«vþC³þem³Uv B¡nb tijw tee¯obXn apX 2 hÀj¯n\pffnembn IpSnÈnIbpw A\p_Ô XpIIfpw ]qÀ®ambn HSp¡phcp¯p¶ ]£w C¯c¯n hne hm§nb `qan ]qÀ®ambpw hogv N¡mc\v XncnsI hn«p \ÂtI­Xp­v . F¶m C¯c¯n XpI HSp¡phcp¯p¶bmÄ `qclnX\mhpIbpw XpI HSp¡p hcp¯p¶Xv 2 hÀj¯n\p tijhpw 5 hÀj¯n\pÅnepw Bbm hyhØIÄ¡v hnt[bambn 25 skâ v apX 1 G¡À `qan hsc XncnsI hn«p \ÂImhp¶XmWv . C¡mcW§fm t_m«vþC³þem³Uv Bbn {]Jym]n¨ `qan tee ØncoIcW 67


tijw _Ôs¸«hsc Hgn¸n¨v ssIhi¯nseSp¯v ]pdt¼m¡ntebv¡v C\w amäw \S¯n 5 hÀjw hsc aämhiy§Ä¡p]tbmKn¡msX kq£n¡m³ hntÃPv Hm^okÀ _m[yØ\mWv. (2) 71-þmw hIp¸v {]Imcw hnÚm]\w sN¿s¸« Øm]\§Ä t]cn t_m«vþC³þem³Uv B¡nb `qanIÄ Sn Øm]\§fpsS t]cn D]JÞnI (1) se hyhØIÄ¡v hnt[bambn ssIamdn \ÂImhp¶XmWv. 101. t\m«okpIfpw D¯chpIfpw \St¯­ hn[wþ (1) t\m« okpIfp w D¯chpIfpw km[mcW KXnbn hogvN¡mc\v t\cn«v ssIamdpIbpw ssI¸äv hnhcw \S¯p{]Xnbn tcJs¸Sp¯n hm§pIbpamWv th­Xv. F¶m IpSnÈnI I£nbpsS Akm¶n²y¯n t\m«okpItfm, D¯chpItfm hogvN¡mcsâ IpSpw_¯nse {]mb]qÀ¯nbmb GsX¦nepw ]pcpj AwKs¯ G¸ n¨psIm­v \S¯ p{]Xnb n ssI¸ä p hnhc w tc Js¸Sp¯ n hm§mhp¶XmWv. ta hnhcn¨ {]Imcw t\m«okv \S¯m³ km[n¡msX hcnItbm IpSnÈnI I£n t\m«okv ssI¸äm³ hnk½Xn¡pItbm sN¿p¶ Ahkc¯n t\m«oknsâ ]IÀ¸v IpSnÈnI¡mc³ ]Xnhmbn Xmakn¡p¶ `h\¯nsâ ]pdw hmXnen {]tZihmknIfpw kÀ¡mÀ Poh\¡mcÃm¯ hcpamb c­v XSØdpsS km¶n²y¯n ]Xn¨v \St¯­XmIp¶p. C{]Imcw ]Xn¨p \S¯pt¼mÄ ]Xn¨p \S¯m\p­mb ImcWhpw ]Xn¨p \S¯nb sI«nS¯nsâ \¼cpw t\m«okn hnhcnt¡­XmWv . DZmlcWambn, ""IpSnÈnI¡mc³ t\m«okv ssI¸äm³ hnk½Xn¨Xn\m Snbmsâ hkXnbmb XII/242/TGP(2011) \¼À sI«nS¯n XSØdpsS km¶n²y¯n ]Xn¨p \S¯nbncn¡p¶p'' F¶ hn[¯nemIWw C¯cw Ahkc§fn t\m«okn \S¯p hnhcw tcJs¸Spt¯­Xv. (2) t\m«okpIÄ \S¯p¶Xn\pÅ asämcp amÀKw t\m«okpIÄ hogv N ¡mc³ t]cn cPnÌÀ sNbv X X]m apJm´ncw Abbv ¡ pI F¶XmIp¶p. C¯c¯n cPntÌÀUv X]m apJm´ncw Abbv¡p¶ t\m«okpIÄ hogvN¡mc\v \ÂIm³ km[n¡msX Fs´¦nepw ImcW§Ä tcJs¸Sp¯n X]m A[nIrXÀ aS¡nbmepw {]kvXpX t\m«okv 1897 se P\d t¢mkkv \nba¯nse 27þmw hIp¸nse hyhØIÄ¡v hnt[bambn I£nbv¡v \S¯nbn«pÅXmbn ]cnKWn¨v XpSÀ \S]SnIÄ kzoIcn¡mhp¶XmWv. (3) hntÃPv ^oÂUv AknÌâ v \S¯msX aS¡p¶ t\m«okn A{]Imcw \S¯m³ km[n¡m¯Xn\v FgpXnbn«pff ImcWw icnbmtWmsb¶v hntÃPv Hm^okÀ At\zjn¨v t_m[ys¸tS­XmIp¶p. IpSnÈnI¡mc³ aäp hà hntÃPntem Xmeq¡ntem AYhm A\y kwØm\t¯m Xmak¡mc\msW¶v Adnhv e`n¨m AbmfpsS XmakØew At\zjn¨dnªpw Adnhnsæn B hnhcw ImWn¨pw t\m«oknsâ ]pd¯v FgpXn t\m«okv Xmeq¡m^oknte¡v kaÀ¸nt¡­XmWv.


(4) 7, 34 hIp¸pIÄ {]ImcapÅ t^mdwþ1, t^mdwþ10 F¶o t\m«okpIfmWv Unamâ v t\m«okpIÄ. Ch \S¯p¶ Ahkc¯n Xs¶ \nÝnX \nc¡nepÅ Unamâ v t\m«okv ]Sn CuSmt¡­XmWv. Unamâ v t\m«okpIÄ ]pds¸Sphn¨p F¶ ImcW¯m am{Xw Unamâ v t\m«okv ^okv CuSm¡m³ ]mSpÅXÃ. bYmÀ°¯n t\m«okv \S¯nbn«ps­¦n am{Xta Unamâ v t\m«okv ]Sn CuSmt¡­XpÅq. GsX¦nepw kmlNcy¯n t\m«okv \S¯m³ km[n¡msX hcpItbm t\m«okv \S¯p¶Xn\v ap³]v IpSnÈnI CuSm¡pItbm sN¿p¶ ]£w Unam³Uv ]Sn Ipdhv FgptX­XmWv. (5) IpSnÈnI I£n acWs¸«n«pff ]£w Unam³Uv t\m«okpIÄ ]Icambn asämcmÄ¡p \ÂIns¡mt­m ]Xn¨psImSp¯psImt­m aäp amÀK§fhew_n¨psImt­m \S¯mhp¶XÃ. C§s\bpff Ahkc§fn IpSnÈnI¡mc³ t]cnepff ØmhcPwKa kz¯phnhcw AhIminIfpsS t]cphnhcw klnXw XlknÂZmÀ¡v dnt¸mÀ«p sN¿m³ hntÃPv Hm^okÀ _m[yØ\mWv. (6) 7-þmw hIp¸v t\m«okv \S¯nbmepS³ PwKaP]vXn \S¯mhp¶XmWv. F¶m 34þmw hIp¸v t\m«okv \S¯n 10 Znhk§Ä Ignªp am{Xta Ømhc hkvXp¡Ä P]vXn sN¿m³ IgnbpIbpÅq. AXpt]mse PwKa tee¯n\pÅ t\m«okv I£n¡v \S¯nb XobXnbpw tee XobXnbpw X½n 15 Znhks¯ CSthf D­mbncnt¡­XmWv. 16þmw \¼À t^md¯nepÅ Ømhc hkvXp hn¸\bv¡pÅ t\m«okv Cw¥ojnepw, aebmf¯nepw ]pds¸Sphnt¡­Xpw BbXv IpSnÈnI I£nbv ¡ v \S¯pIbpw {]kn²oIcn¡pIbpw sNbv X XobXnbn \n¶pw 30 Znhkw IgnªpÅ XobXnbnembncn¡pIbpw thWw teew \St¯­Xv. Ømhcteew BZy hn¸\ XobXnbn \n¶pw 60 Znhk¯n Ipdª Imebfhntebv¡v amän hbv¡p¶ ]£w 16þmw \¼À t^md¯n ho­pw t\m«okv ]pds¸Sphn¡pIbpw \S¯pIbpw sNt¿­XnÃ. F¶m Ømhc teew 60 Znhkw IgnªpÅ XobXnbnte¡v amän hb v¡p¶ psh¦n 1 6þmw \¼À ^md ¯nep Å t\m« okv ho ­p w ] pd s¸ Sp hn¡p Ib pw b Ymhn[n \S¯ pIbp w {] kn²o Ic n¡pIbp w sNt¿­Xp­v . Ømhc hkv X phn GsX¦nepw t\m«okpIÄ ]Xn¨p \S¯p¶Xn\mbn {]kvXpX `qanbn Hcp sNdnb t_mÀUv \m«nbtijw BbXn t\m«okpIÄ XSØdpsS km¶n²y¯n ]Xn¨p \S¯pIbmWv th­Xv. C¯c¯n \S¯nbtijw \S¯p{]XnIfn t\m«okv \S¯nb D tZ ymKØ ³ t] cv, HutZ ymKnI Øm\w , Xo bXn, H ¸v F ¶nh tcJs¸Spt¯­Xpw hntÃPv Hm^okÀ BbXn tasem¸p hbvt¡­XpamWv. t\m«okpIÄ \S¯pIbpw {]kn²oIcn¡pIbpw sN¿p¶Xnse hogvNIÄ ""hkv X pXm]camb ]niIpIÄ'' (Material Irregularities) BIbm teew AØncs¸Sp¯p¶Xn\v C¯cw hogvNIÄ ImcWamIpsa¶pÅXpsIm­v t\m«okpItfm D¯chpItfm \S¯p¶Xnepw {]kn²oIcn¡p¶Xnepw ta 69


hnhcn¨ Ime]cn[nIfpw hyhØIfpw IÀi\ambn ]men¡m³ hntÃPv Poh\¡mÀ _m[yØcmWv. 102. If£³ NmÀPpw kÀÆokv NmÀÖpwþ (1) 68, 71 hIp¸pIÄ {]ImcapÅ IpSnÈnIIÄ CuSm¡pt¼mÄ {]kvXpX IpSnÈnIbv¡v \nÝnX \nc¡nepÅ If£³ NmÀÖv IqSn CuSm¡m³ dh\yq DtZymKØÀ _m²yØcmWv. (2) F¶m 71þmw hIp¸v {]ImcapÅ IpSnÈnIIÄ AÀ°\m[nImcnIÄ dh\yq A[nImcnIsf Adnbn¨psIm­v Hä¯hW XoÀ¸m¡Â aptJ\ CuSm¡p¶ ]£w AÀ°\m[nImcnIÄ t\cn«v CuSm¡nb XpIbv¡v If£³ NmÀÖn\p ]Icambn 1% \nc¡nepÅ kÀÆokv NmÀÖv CuSm¡nbm aXnbmIpw 103. AdÌv kw_Ôn¨ \S]Sn{Iawþ (1) hogvN¡mcs\ AdÌp sN¿pI hgn IpSnÈnI CuSm¡m³ amÀ¤§fps­¶p PnÃm IfIvSÀ IcpXp¶ ]£w CXp kw_Ôamb DNnX \S]SnIÄ ssIs¡mffp¶Xnte¡mbn hniZamb Hcp dnt¸mÀ«v XlknÂZmÀ aptJ\ PnÃm IfIvSÀ¡v kaÀ¸n¡m³ hntÃPv Hm^okÀ _m[yØ\mWv. hogvN¡mc³ a\:]qÀÆambn IpSnÈnI HSp¡phcp¯mXncn¡pI, hogvN¡mc³ h©\m]cambn kz¯p ssIamdnbn«p­mhpI F¶n§s\bpff hnhc§Ä, hogvN¡mcs\ AdÌp sNbvXm IpSpw_mwK§Ä IpSnÈnI HSp¡p hcp¯m\pff km[yX, IpSpw_mwK§fpsS t]cnepff kz¯p hnhc§Ä, hogvN¡mc³ IpSpw_mwK§Ä¡p ssIamdnbn«pff kz¯p¡fpsS hnhc§Ä F¶nhbpw {]kv X pX dnt¸mÀ«n DÄs¡mffn¡m³ hntÃPv Hm^okÀ {i²nt¡­XmWv.

(_n) dh\yq dn¡hdn Hm¬sse³ 104. dh\yq dn¡hdnbpambn _Ôs¸« AÀ°\IÄ Abbv¡pI, dh\yq dn¡hdn kÀ« n^n¡äp IÄ ] pd s¸ Sp hn¡p I, Unamâ v t\m« okpIÄ X¿ md m ¡pI,eUvPdpIÄ X¿mdm¡pI apX þ ]ncnhvþ _m¡n ]{XnI X¿mdm¡pI F¶p XpS§n Hs«Ãm \S]SnIfpw RR Online F¶ kwhn[m\¯n C¶p e`yamWv. 105. Unam³Uv t\m«okpIÄ {]nâu«v FSpt¡­Xvþ Xmeqt¡m^okn \n¶pw hntÃPnte¡v Abbv¡p¶ Unamâ v t\m«okpIÄ hntÃPv AknÌânt\m, kvs]jy hntÃPv Hm^okÀt¡m, RR Online sh_vsskänse 'Inbox"  \n¶pw {]nâu«v FSp¡mhp¶Xpw Ah I£nbv¡v \S¯nb tijw \S¯p hnhc§Ä


'Serve Demand Notice" F¶ `mK¯v tNÀ¡mhp¶XpamWv. t\m«okpIÄ \S¯nb hnhc§Ä tcJs¸Sp¯msX ]ncnhp hnhc§Ä, tÌ hnhc§Ä F¶nh tNÀ¡p¶Xnt\m Hä¯hW XoÀ¸m¡Â hnhc§Ä DÄs¸Sp¯p¶Xnt\m IgnbnsöXn\m Unamâ v t\m«okpIÄ e`n¨mepS³ Ah {]nâu«v FSp¯v I£nbv¡v bYmhn[n \S¯nb tijw \S¯p hnhc§Ä tNÀ¡pI F¶Xv hntÃPv AknÌâ v / kvs]jy hntÃPv Hm^okdpsS NpaXebmWv. hntÃPn e`n¨ t\m«oknse I£n asämcp hntÃPnsetbm Xmeq¡nsetbm PnÃbnsetbm Xmak¡mc\msW¦n Unamâ v t\m«okpIÄ aS¡pIbÃ, adn¨v C¯cw tIkpIfn bYm{Iaw Village Correction /Taluk Correction / District Correction F¶n§s\bpÅ Hm]vj³ skeÎv sNbvXv hnhc§Ä tcJs¸Sp¯pIbmWv th­Xv. Unamâ v t\m«okpIfpsS \S¯p hnhc§Ä tcJs¸Sp¯p¶tXmsS {]kvXpX tIkv Inboxþ \n¶pw Out box tebv¡v amdp¶Xmbncn¡pw. 106. Unam³Uv aS¡p¶Xn\pff \S]Sn{Iawþ GsX¦nepw Ahkc§fn dh\yq dn¡hdn tIkv aSt¡­Xps­¦n hntÃPv AknÌtâm kvs]jy hntÃPv Hm^oktdm RRC Return F¶ Hm]vj\n dh\yq dn¡hdn kÀ«n^n¡äv \¼À tNÀ¯tijw Tab _«¬ AaÀ¯nbm {]kvXpX ^b Xpd¶p In«p¶Xpw aS¡m\pÅ ImcWw tcJs¸Sp¯ns¡m­v tkhv sNbvXm Sn tIkv hntÃPv Hm^okdpsS t]mÀ«entebv¡v amdp¶Xpambncn¡pw. hntÃPv Hm^okÀ BbXv ]cntim[n¨v A{]qhv sN¿p¶tXmsS Sn tIkv hntÃPnse Unamân \n¶v Ipdbp¶Xmbncn¡pw. IqSmsX IpSnÈnI XpIIÄ ]qÀ®ambn ]ncns¨mSp¡p hcp¯nb tIkpIÄ 'RRC Closure" F¶ Hm]vj\n ImWm³ Ignbpw. Chbpw Xmeq¡ntebv¡v aSt¡­XmWv. 107. ]ncnhp hnhc§fpsS tcJs¸Sp¯Âþ ]ncnhp hnhc§Ä tNÀ¡p¶Xn\v RR Collection F¶ Hm]vj\n {]thin¨v dh\yq dn¡hdn kÀ«n^n¡äpw ]ncnhp XobXnbpw tNÀ¯tijw Submit _«¬ {]kv sNbvXm In«p¶ Normal Collection Details F ¶Xnse Collection Amount F ¶ `mK¯ v Xp I tcJs¸Sp¯mhp¶XmWv. CtXmsSm¸w DNF, CC F¶o tImf§fn AXmXp XpIIÄ ImWm³ Ignbp¶XmWv. `mKnIambn ]ncnhp hcp¶ tIkpIfn Exclude CC and DNF F¶ Hm]vj\n {]thin¨mIWw ]ncnhp hnhc§Ä tNÀt¡­Xv. C¯c¯n ]ncnhp hnhc§Ä tcJs¸Sp¯nb tijw Cu hnhc§Ä hntÃPv AknÌtâm kv s ]jy hntÃPv Hm^oktdm tkhv sN¿p¶tXmsS Ch AwKoImc¯n\mbn hntÃPv Hm^okdpsS t]mÀ«entebv¡v amdp¶Xmbncn¡pw. XhW A\phZn¨n«pÅ tIkpIfn 'collection Amount" F¶ `mK¯v XhW XpI ImWmhp¶Xpw Ahkm\ XobXnbnse¦nepw HSp¡m¯ kmlNcy¯n Stay kzta[bm \o¡w sN¿s¸Sp¶Xpambncn¡pw. Unamâ v t\m«okpIÄ \S¯p¶ Ahkc¯n Xs¶ t\m«okv ]Sn CuSm¡nbn«ps­¦n Miscellaneous Collection F¶ Hm]vj\n {]thin¨v ]ncnhp hnhcw tcJs¸Sp¯mhp¶XmWv. 71


108. HSp¡p hnhcwþ ]ncnhp h¶ XpI {Sjdnbn HSp¡nbmepS³ RR Remittance F¶ `mK¯v 'Remit" F¶ _«¬ ¢n¡v sNbvXv HSp¡p hnhc§Ä tNÀ¯v tkhv sNt¿­XmWv . HSp¡p hnhc§fpsS tcJs¸Sp¯en\v hntÃPv Hm^o kd psS A{]q h B hiyanà m¯ XmWv. ] nc nhp Xp I AÀ°\m[nImcnIÄ¡v t\cn«p \ÂInbn«pÅ ]£w Direct payment to RA F¶ Hm]vj³ hgnbmIWw HSp¡p hnhc§Ä tNÀt¡­Xv. t\m«okp]Sn 'Miscellaneous Collection- eqsSbmWv tNÀ¯n«pÅsX¦n A¯cw ]ncnhpIfpsS HSp¡v hnhcw Miscellaneous Remittance F¶ Hm]vj³ hgnbmWv tcJs¸Spt¯­Xv. ]ncnhp kw_Ônbmb HSp¡p hnhc§Ä tcJs¸Sp¯nbm am{Xta apXÂþ]ncnhvþ_m¡n ]{XnIbnÂ, ]ncnhp hnhc§Ä DÄs¸SpIbpÅq F¶Xn\m HSp¡p hnhc§Ä IrXyambn tNÀ¡p¶Xn hogvN hcp¯m³ ]mSnÃm¯XmWv. 109. tÌ hnhc§Äþ hnhn[ tÌ hnhc§Ä DÄs¸Sp¯p¶Xn\v RRC Stay F¶ Hm]vj\n Apply Box-  ¢n¡v sNbvXv tÌ hnhc§Ä tcJs¸Sp¯pIbpw tÌ D¯chv k-I v m³ sNbvXv Upload sNbvX tijw Ch tkhv sNt¿­XpamWv. tÌ hnhc§Ä C§s\ tkhv sNbvX tijw hntÃPv Hm^okÀ A{]qhv sNt¿­Xp­v. 110. apXÂþ ]ncnhvþ _m¡n ]{XnIþ FÃm amkhpw H¶mw XobXn ap³ amks¯ apXÂþ ]ncnhvþ]{XnI Hm¬ sse\n Generate sN¿s¸Sp¶XmWv. BIbm Ahkm\ Znhks¯ HSp¡p hnhc§Ä At¶ Znhkw Xs¶ enter sN¿m³ hntÃPv DtZymKØÀ {i²nt¡­XmWv. 111. AÀ°\m[nImcnIÄ tNÀ¡p¶ hnhc§Äþ Unamân amäw hcp¯pI, Hä ¯hW Xo À¸ m¡Â \S]Sn hnhc w tc Js¸Sp¯ pI F ¶nh AÀ°\m[nImcnbv¡v t\cn«v sN¿mhp¶XmWv. AÀ°\m[nImcn Unamân t`ZKXn hcp¯nbn«ps­¦n Modified Demand F¶ `mK¯v BbXnsâ hnhc§Ä e`yamWv. IqSmsX Hä¯hW XoÀ¸m¡Â hnhc§Ä One Time Settlement F¶ Hm]vj\n \n¶pw Adnbm³ Ignbp¶XmWv.

****


`mKwþ III

`qkwc£Whpw J\\{]hÀ¯\§fpw

73


A²ymbwþ11

kÀ¡mÀ `qan kwc£Ww 112. kÀ¡mÀ hI `qanIfn A\phmZw IqSmsX {]thin¡p¶Xns\ \n tc m[n¡pIbp w A\[nIr X {] thi\w Is­¯ nb m B bXv Hgn¸ns¨Sp¡pIbpw sN¿p¶Xn\mbn 1957 se 8þmw \nbaamb tIcf `qkwc£W \nbahpw AXnse 13þmw hIp¸v {]Imcw 1958  cq]oIcn¨ N«§fpw \S¸n hcp¯nbn«pÅXmWv . `qkwc£W N«§fnse 4þmw N« {]Imcw dh\yq hIp ¸nse D tZ ymKØ cp sS {]mYanIamb IÀ ¯hyw kÀ¡mÀ hI hkvXphIIÄ kwc£n¡pI F¶XmWv. 113. kÀ¡mÀ hI hkvXphIIÄþ (1) `qkwc£W \nba{]Imcw ""kÀ¡mÀ hI `qan'' F¶Xn FÃm s]mXp tdmUpIfpw sXcphoYnIfpw CShgnIfpw Ahbntem Ahbv¡cnIntem DÅ ]me§fpw HmSIfpw AWIfpw thenIfpw ISensâbpw XpdapJ§fpsSbpw ISenSp¡pIfpsSbpw thentbä ASbmf¯n\p IognepÅ ASn¯«pw ]pgIÄ, shÅw ]mbn¡p¶Xnt\m hän¡p¶Xnt\m DÅ NmepIÄ, tXmSpIÄ, Ipf§Ä, XSmI§Ä, ImbepIÄ, BdpIÄ F¶nhbpsS XS§fpw IcIfpw, sI«n \n¡p¶tXm HgpIp¶tXm Bb Pemib§fpw DÄs¸Sp¶p. (2) IqSmsX, P·namÀ, C\mwZmÀ, hmÀKvZmÀ F¶nhcpsStbm, AhÀ aptJ\ AhImis¸SpItbm AhcpsS Iognembn A\p`hn¡pItbm sN¿p¶ BcpsSsb¦neptam, Kh¬saântebv¡v Icw sImSp¡p¶Xn\v GsX¦nepw hn[¯n DÄs¸ «ncn¡p ¶ `q anIf psS A\p`h¡mc psStbm, DSaØ mhImi¯ n s¸ « t] cnÂ] Xnª atäsX¦ne pw `qanb psS A\p`h¡mcpsStbm; X¡me ssIhi¯nepÅ ssek³kv aqeaÃmsX aäphn[¯n Kh¬saân \n¶p In«n `qan A\p`hn¡p¶ BcpsSsb¦neptam AÃm¯, kwØm\¯pÅ FÃmhn[ `qanIfpw FÃm hgnbhImi§Ä¡pw


s]mXp P\§Ä¡pÅ aähImi§Ä¡pw aäp `qhpSaIfpsS kztXbpÅ AhImi§Ä¡pw kuIcymhImi§Ä¡pw aäp \m«p\S¸hImi§Ä¡pw hnt[bambn kÀ¡mÀ hI hkvXp¡Ä Bbncn¡p¶XpamIp¶p. (3) C´ybnse atäsX¦nepw kwØm\ kÀ¡mcpIfpsStbm tIcf kw Øm\ C e{Înknän t_ mÀUnsâtb m GsX¦ne pw \nb a{]Imcw Øm]n¡s¸«n«pÅ bqWnthgvknänbpsStbm 1994 se tIcf ]©mb¯v cmPv BÎn³ Iogn \nÀÆNn¨n«pÅ GsX¦nepw ]©mb¯nsâtbm 1994 se tIcf ap\nkn¸ me nä n BÎn³ Iogn \nÀ hNn¨n« pÅ GsX¦nep w ap\nkn¸menänbpsStbm DSaØXbnepÅtXm AXpasæn tIcf kÀ¡mcnsâtbm Hcp ap\nkn¸Â tImÀ¸tdjsâtbm \nb{´W¯ntem DSaØXbntem DÅ FÃm `qanIfpw `qkwc£W \nba¯nse 3þmw hIp¸n \nÀhNn¨n«pÅ ""kÀ¡mÀ hkvXp'' F¶Xn DÄs¸Sp¶XmIp¶p. 114. ]pdt¼m¡v þ (1) ]pdt¼m¡v F¶m \nIpXn Npa¯s¸Sm¯Xpw s]mXp Imcy§Ät¡m {K maoWcp sS kmaqlnImhiy§Ät¡m D]tbmKn¡p¶tXm AXntebv¡mbn \o¡nsh¡s¸«tXm Bb kÀ¡mÀ hI hkvXp¡Ä F¶À°amIp¶p. (2) kÀ¡mÀ hI hkv Xp F¶Xv ]pdt¼mt¡m ]pdt¼m¡Ãm¯ kÀ¡mÀ `qantbm B Imw. Fà m ]p dt¼m¡p If pw kÀ¡mÀ hI hkvXp ¡f mb nc n¡pw . F¶ m F Ãm kÀ¡mÀ hI hkv X p¡fp w ]pdt¼m¡pIfmIWsa¶nÃ. (3) ]pdt¼m¡v F¶XnÂ, s]mXp tdmUpIÄ, sXcphoYnIÄ, CShgnIÄ, DuSphgnIÄ F¶nhbpw Chbnt·tem Chbv¡cnInemtbm DÅ ]me§fpw IpgnIfpw AWIfpw thenIfpw IqSmsX ]pgbpw, shÅw ]mbn¡p¶Xn\pw hän¡p¶Xn\papÅ NmepIÄ, tXmSpIÄ, Ipf§Ä, XSmI§Ä, ImbepIÄ, shŨmepIÄ F¶nhbpsS ASn¯«pIfpw IcIfpw, N´IÄ, ivaim\§Ä, IShpIÄ Chbpw `qkwc£W \nba¯nsâ Bhiy¯ntebv¡mbn kÀ¡mÀ AXXp Imew ]pdt¼m¡mbn {]Jym]n¡p¶ aäp `qanIfpw DÄs¸Sp¶p. 115. It¿ä§fpsS kz`mhwþ (1) kÀ¡mÀ hI `qanbn A\[nIrXambn {]thin¨v ssIhiw Øm]n¡pI, kÀ¡mÀ hI hkvXphIIfn \n¶pw hne]nSn¸pÅ km[\§fmb a®v, NÃn, NcÂ, Icn¦Ãv, sh«pIÃv, Np®m¼pIÃv F¶ nh A\[nIrXambn IS¯ ns¡m­p t]mIp I, kÀ¡mÀ hI hkvXphIIfn \n¡p¶ D]tbmK{]Zamb hr£§Ä \in¸n¡pItbm \nbahncp²ambn kz´am¡m³ {ian¡pItbm sN¿pI, A\paXn IqSmsX kÀ¡mÀ hI `qanbn GsX¦nepw `n¯ntbm, thentbm sI«nStam aäp Nab§tfm (structure) Øncamtbm Xm¡menIamtbm \nÀ½n¡pI, kÀ¡mÀ hI `qanbpsS D]cn`mKt¯bv¡v Xq§n \n¡p¶tXm XÅn \n¡p¶tXm Bb hn[¯n GsX¦nepw `n¯ntbm thentbm sI«nStam aäp Nab§tfm (Structure) 75


Øncamtbm Xm¡menIamtbm \nÀ½n¡pI F¶nhsbms¡ kÀ¡mÀ hI hkvXphIIfnep­mImhp¶ A\[nIrX {]thi\¯nsâtbm It¿ä¯nâtbm Zrãm´§fmWv. (2) C¯c¯n It¿ä§Ä {i²bnÂs¸«m A\[nIrX {]thi\§Ä XSbphm\pw It¿ä¡mÀs¡Xnsc in£m\S]SnIÄ kzoIcn¡p¶Xn\pw `qan kÀ¡mcnte¡v Hgn¸ns¨Sp¡p¶Xn\pw dh\yq DtZymKØÀ NpaXes¸«ncn¡p¶p. 116. kÀ¡mÀ hI hkvXphIIfpw dh\yq DtZymKØcpwþ (1) Hmtcm hntÃPv Hm^oknepw AXmXv hntÃPv AXnÀ¯n¡pÅn ØnXn sN¿p¶ FÃm kÀ¡mÀ hI `qanIfpsSbpw hnhc§Ä ImWn¡p¶ Hcp {]tXyI cPnÌÀ \nÀ±nã t^md¯n X¿mdm¡n kq£nt¡­Xpw t]cn ]Xnª hkvXp¡fmbncp¶ `qanIÄ ]n¡me¯v A\yw \n¸v, hns«mgnbÂ, hnebv¡phm§Â, s]m¶pw hnebv s ¡Sp¡Â, \n£n]v X am¡Â, hos­Sp¡Â (Resumption) F¶o amÀK§fneqsS kÀ¡mÀ `qanIfmbn C\w amdpt¼mÄ Ahbpw {]kvXpX cPnÌdn DÄs¸Spt¯­XmWv. (2) ]pdt¼mt¡m AÃmsXbpÅtXm Bb kÀ¡mÀ hkvXphIIfn A\[nIrX {]thi\w {i²bnÂs¸«m A¯cw `qanIÄ Af¶v kvsI¨v X¿mdm¡n Ahbn ImWp¶ A\[nIrX {]thi\§sf kw_Ôn¨ hnhcw IfÎÀ¡v dnt¸mÀ«v sNt¿­Xv hntÃPv Hm^okdpsS ISabmIp¶p.1958 se `qkwc£W N«§fnse N«w 2(kn) bn hntÃPv Hm^okdpsS \nÀÆN\¯n hntÃPv AknÌâpw DÄs¸Sp¶Xn\m kÀsh sNbvXv kvsI¨v X¿mdm¡pI, "F' t^mdw dnt¸mÀ«v X¿mdm¡pI, alkÀ X¿mdm¡pI F¶o tPmenIÄ \nÀÆln¡p¶Xn\v hntÃPv AknÌâpw _m[yØ\mWv. 117. IfÎdpw NpaXeIfpwþ (1) hntÃPv Hm^okdpsS dnt¸mÀ«nt·Â Øe]cntim[\ \S¯pI, It¿ä¡mcs\ hnNmcW sN¿pI, A\[nIrX {]thi\w Hgn¸n¡pI F¶nh IfÎdpsS NpaXeIfmWv. kwØm\¯n\pÅnse FÃm¯cw kÀ¡mÀ hI hkvXphIIfnepapÅ A\[nIrX {]thi\§Ä XSbp¶Xn\pw It¿äw Hgn¸n¡p¶Xn\pambn `qkwc£W \nbaw 15þmw hIp¸v {]ImcapÅ IfÎdpsS A[nImc§Ä hn\ntbmKn¡p¶Xn\v Xmeq¡v XlknÂZ mÀ amsc NpaXe s¸ Sp ¯ns¡m­v kÀ ¡mÀ hnÚm]\w ]pds¸Sphn¨n«p­v. (2) F¶m h\`qanIfnse A\[nIrX {]thi\§Ä kw_Ôn¨ \S]SnIÄ kzoIcn¡p¶Xn\v kwØm\s¯ h\w hIp¸nse t^mdÌv sdbv©v Hm^okÀamÀ, tZiob]mXIfnse It¿ä§Ä XSbp¶Xn\v tZiob]mX hn`mK¯nse AknÌâ v F©n\obÀamÀ, s]mXpacma¯v hIp¸v PetkN\ hn`mK¯nsâ DSaØXbnepÅ `qanIfnse A\[nIrX {]thi\§Ä XSbp¶Xn\v {]kvXpX hIp¸nse AknÌâ v FI-vknIyq«ohv F©n\obÀamÀ, Xt±ikzbw`cW Øm]\§fpsS DSaØXbnepÅ `qanIfnse A\[nIrX


{]thi\§Ä XSbp¶Xn\v {Kma]©mb¯pIfpsSbpw, ap\nkn¸menänIfpsSbpw sk{I«dnamÀ F¶nhscbpw `qkwc£W \nba¯nse 15þmw hIp¸v {]ImcapÅ IfÎÀamcmbn kÀ¡mÀ A[nImcs¸Sp¯nbn«pÅXmWv. BIbm C¯cw `qanIfnse It¿äw {i²bnÂs¸«m hntÃPv Hm^okÀ A\[nIrX {]thi\w kw_Ôn¨ dnt¸mÀ«v X¿mdm¡n AXmXv hIp¸pIfnse IfÎÀamcmbn \ma\nÀt±iw sN¿s¸« DtZymKØÀ¡p ssIamdpIbpw IfÎÀamcpsS \nÀt±i§f\pkcn¨v {]hÀ¯n¡pIbpamWv th­Xv. 118. A\[nIrX {]thi\§Ä hntÃPv Xe¯n ssIImcyw sN¿p¶Xn\pÅ \S]Sn{Iawþ(1) A\[nIrX {]thi\§Ä bYmkabw Is­¯p¶Xn\mbn hntÃPv AknÌâpw kvs]jy hntÃPv Hm^okdpw aq¶p amk¯nsemcn ¡se¦nepw kÀ¡mÀ hI `qanIfpsS AXnÀ¯nbnepÅ kÀtÆ ASbmf§Ä ]cntim[nt¡­Xpw hnhcw hntÃPv Hm^oksd [cn¸nt¡­XpamWv . C¯c¯n hntÃPv AknÌtâm, kvs]jy hntÃPv Hm^oktdm dnt¸mÀ«v sN¿p¶hbn ]¯p iXam\w tIkpIfn hntÃPv Hm^okdpw A©p iXam\w tIkpIfn hntÃPnsâ NpaXebpÅ NmÀÖv Hm^okÀ ta ]cntim[\ \S¯m³ _m[yØcmWv . C¯c¯n hntÃPv Hm^okdpw sU]yq«n XlknÂZmcpw kÀsh ASbmf§Ä ]cntim[n¡p¶ hnhcw kÀ¡mÀ hI hkvXp¡fpsS cPnÌdn Is¿m¸pw XobXnbpw h¨v tcJs¸Spt¯­Xpw Pam_´n Hm^okÀ Cu cPnÌÀ ]cntim[n¨v hntÃPv DtZymKØcpw aäpw X§f psS tP me nIÄ Ir Xyambn \nÀ hln¨n« pt­msb ¶v D d¸ p hcpt¯­XpamWv. (2) GsX¦nepw A\[nIrX It¿äw I­p]nSn¨m DS³Xs¶ hntÃPv Hm^okÀ `qkwc£W N«§fpsS A\p_Ô¯nepÅ "F' ^md¯ntem ""F.F'' ^md¯ntem (A\p_Ôwþ 7) Hcp dnt¸mÀ«v X¿mdm¡n _Ôs¸« IfÎÀ¡v kaÀ¸ nt¡­XmWv. hntà Pv H m^okÀ It¿ä w Is­¯ nb tXm It¿äs¯¡pdn¨v X\n¡v Adnhp e`n¡p¶tXm Bb XobXnbn \n¶pw HcmgvNbv¡Iw IfÎÀ¡v C{]ImcapÅ Hcp dnt¸mÀ«v ssIamtd­XmWv. F¶m A\[nIrX It¿ äw IfÎdp sS t\c n« pÅ ] cntim[\b ne mWv Is­¯ nb n« pÅsX¦n "F ' ^md¯ ne pÅ d nt¸mÀ« v X¿mdmt¡­XnÃm¯XmWv. (3) `qan It¿ä¯nsâ kwKXnbn hntÃPv Hm^okÀ "F' ^mdw dnt¸mÀ«nt\msSm¸w `qan IrXyambn Af¶v Xn«s¸Sp¯n \nÝnX kvsIbnen X¿mdm¡nb Hcp t¹m«Uv kvsI¨v, It¿ä¯nsâ kz`mhw, It¿ä¯nsâ Ime bf hv, {] kvXp X `q anbn ssIhi¡mc ³ \S¯nbn«p Å tZlÞhnhc§fpw AhbpsS aqeyhpw, kao] hkvXp¡fpambn _Ôs¸«v hkvXphnsâ InS¸v F¶nhbpÄs¸sS It¿äw \S¯nbn«pÅ `qanbpsS apgph³ hnhc§fpw AS§nb hniZamb Hcp alÊÀ F¶nhbpw DÄs¡mffnt¡­XmWv. dnt¸mÀ«v, kvsI¨v, alkÀ F¶nhbn It¿ä `qanbpsS hnkvXoÀ®w IrXyambn 77


Af¶v \nÀ®bn¨v tcJs¸Sp¯nbncn¡Ww. hnkvXoÀ®s¯ ]cmaÀin¡pt¼mÄ GItZiw, Dt±iw F¶o {]tbmK§Ä A\phZ\obaÃm¯XmWv. A\[nIrX {]thi\w \S¶ `qanbn ]cntim[\ \S¯n alkÀ X¿mdmt¡­Xv, kÀ¡mÀ Poh\¡mcÃm¯ Xt±iobcmb c­p km£nIfpsS km¶n²y¯nembncn¡Ww. "F' ^mdw dnt¸mÀ«n `qanbpsS C\w tcJs¸Sp¯pt¼mÄ ]pdt¼m¡mtWm, AtXm ]pdt¼m¡Ãm¯ kÀ¡mÀ hI hkvXphmtWm F¶ hnhcw hyàambn tNÀ¯ncn¡Ww. (4) F¶m `qkwc£W \nba¯nse 6, 10 hIp¸pIÄ {]Imcw A\[nIrX It¿äw hne]nSn¸pÅ hkvXp¡Ä IS¯ns¡m­pt]mItem hr£§Ä \in¸n¡tem IS¯ns¡m­pt]mItem BIp¶ ]£w hntÃPv Hm^okÀ ""F.F'' ^md¯nepÅ dnt¸mÀ«mWv IfÎÀ¡v ssIamtd­Xv. ""F.F'' ^mdw dnt¸mÀ«ns\m¸hpw t¹m«Uvks v I¨v, alkÀ F¶nh DÄs¸Spt¯­XmWv. a®v, NÃn, NcÂ, sh«pIÃv, Icn¦Ãv, Np®m¼pIÃv, hr£§Ä F¶nhbpsS AfhpIÄ sa{SnIv kn̯n tcJs¸Sp¯m³ hntÃPv Hm^okÀ {]tXyIw {i²nt¡­XmWv. hr£§sf kw_Ôn¨v C\w, s]m¡w, Npäph®w (Girth) (137 sk.ao. Dbc¯nepÅ) F¶nh IqSmsX GItZi aqeyhpw dnt¸mÀ«n ]cmaÀin¡m³ hntÃPv Hm^okÀ _m[yØ\mWv . hr£§tfm aäp hne]nSn¸pÅ hkvXp¡tfm kw`hØe¯p \n¶pw \o¡w sNbvXn«nÃm¯ ]£w hntÃPv Hm^okÀ DS³ Xs¶ Ah ssIhi¯nseSp¯v kÀ¡mÀ A[o\Xbntebv¡v amtä­Xpw kpc£nX ssIhi¯n\mbn hnizkvX\mb Hcmsf aq¶mw Øm\w G¸n¨v ssI¨o«v hmt§­XpamWv. ssIhi¯nseSp¯ hkvXphIIfn IfÎdpsS D¯chn³ {]Imcw XoÀ¸pI¸n¡mhp¶XmWv. 119. cPnÌdpIÄ, A¡u­pIÄ F¶nhbpsS ]cn]me\wþ (1) A\[nIrX It¿äw kw_Ôn¨ hnhcw "F' ^md¯ntem ""F.F'' ^md¯ntem dnt¸mÀ«v sNbvXmepS³ CXv kw_Ôn¨ hniZ hnhc§Ä \nÝnX ^md¯nepÅ cPnÌdn tcJs¸Sp¯n kq£n¡m³ hntÃPv Hm^okÀ _m[yØ\mWv . em³Uv I¬kÀh³kn tIkv _p¡nMv cPnÌdnsâ amXrI A\p_Ôw- þ8 Bbn tNÀ¯ncn¡p¶p. (2) A\[nIrX {]thi\§sf kw_Ôn¨ tIkpIÄ XoÀ¸p I¸n¡p¶tXmsSm¸w Xs¶ It¿ä¡mcn \n¶pw CuSmt¡­ ]ng, \ã]cnlmcw, hr£hne F¶o hnhc§fpw IfIv SÀ hntÃPv Hm^oksd Adnbn¡p¶Xmbncn¡pw. `qkwc£W \nba {]Imcw CuSmt¡­Xmb C¯cw XpIIÄ 3 þmw \¼À A¡u­n tNÀ t¡­Xpw D S\Sn Ah ]ncns¨Spt¡­XpamWv . C¯cw XpIIÄ HSp¡p¶Xn It¿ä¡mc³ hngv N hcp¯pIbpw Ah IpSnÈnIbmhpIbpw sNbv Xm Ah `q\nIpXn IpSnÈnIIÄ Xs¶sb¶Xn\m ImeXmakw IqSmsX 1968 se dh\yq dn¡hdn \nba{]ImcapÅ \S]SnIÄ kzoIcn¨v CuSmt¡­XmWv.


120. t\m«okpIfpw D¯chpIfpw \S¯p¶Xv kw_Ôn¨v þ Cu \nba{]ImcapÅ GsX¦nepw t\m«otkm D¯cthm A\[nIrX It¿äw \S¯nb hyànt¡m AbmÄ/AhÀ A[nImcs¸Sp¯nb hyànt¡m Asæn It¿äw \S¯nb hyànbpsS IpSpw_¯nse {]mb]qÀ¯nbmb HcwK¯nt\m \St¯­Xpw t\m«okv kzoIcn¡p¶ hyàn t\m«okv ssI¸änb hnhcw tcJs¸Sp¯ns¡m­v Ak t\m«okn H¸p hbvt¡­XpamWv. F¶m C¯c¯n t\m«okv \S¯m³ \nÀhmlanÃm¯ Ahkc¯n t\m«oknsâ ]IÀ¸v A§s\bpÅ hyàn km[mcW Xmakn¡p¶ hoSnsâ ]pdwhmXnentem A\[nIrX It¿äw \S¯nb `qanbnse s]s«¶p ImWmhp¶ Xc¯nepÅ `mKt¯m Xt±ihmknIfmb c­p km£nIfpsS km¶n²y¯n ]Xn¨p \S¯mhp¶XmWv. C¯cw Ahkc§fn Ak t\m«oknÂ, t\m«okv ]Xn¨v \St¯­nh¶ kmlNcyw tcJs¸Sp¯ns¡m­v ]Xn¨p \S¯nb hnhcw lmPcp­mbncp¶ XSØÀamscs¡m­v km£ys¸Spt¯­XpamWv. 121. Hgn¸n¡Â \S]SnIÄþ (1) It¿ä¡mcs\ Hgn¸n¡m³ IfÎdpsS D¯chv e`n¨mepS³ D¯chnse \nÀt±im\pkcWw {]thi\w Hgn¸n¨v c­p XSØ dp sS km¶ n²y¯ n alkÀ X¿ md m¡n Øe w kÀ ¡mÀ A[o \Xbnse Sp ¯v hnhcw d nt¸mÀ« v sN¿m³ hntà Pv H m^okÀ _m[yØ\mIp¶p. {]thi\w Hgn¸n¡p¶Xn\v I£n Fs´¦nepw XÀ¡ap¶bn¡pItbm XSÊw krãn¡pItbm sNbvXm hnhcw DS³ IfÎÀ¡p dnt¸mÀ«v sNt¿­Xpw, IfÎdn \n¶pw e`n¡p¶ \nÀt±ia\pkcn¨v XpSÀ \S]SnIÄ ssIs¡mtÅ­XpamWv. Hgn¸n¡p¶ Øe¯v GsX¦nepw hnftbm, hr£§tfm D­mbncp¶m Hgn¸n¡pt¼mÄ X¿mdm¡p¶ alkdn AhbpsS ]qÀ® hnhc§Ä tcJs¸Sp¯nbncn¡Ww.kw`hØe¯v lmPcpÅ c­p t] sc s¡m­pw {]thi\I£n Ø e¯ v lmPc ps­¦n AbmÄ hnk½Xn¡m¯ ]£w Abmsfs¡m­pw alkÀ km£ys¸Sp¯m³ hntÃPv Hm^okÀ {]tXyIw {i²nt¡­XmWv. (2) B[nImcnIamb Fs´¦nepw \ntcm[\mÚ e`n¡m¯nSt¯mfw Imew Hgn¸n¡Â \S]Sn A¸o t_m[n¸n¡m\\phZn¨n«pÅ kabwhsc \nÀ¯nhbv¡m³ ]mSpÅXÃ. F¶m Hgn¸n¡Â \S]Sn XpS§p¶Xn\p ap¼v I£nbv¡v Hgnªp t]mIp¶Xn\pÅ t\m«okpw (t^mdwþkn/kn.kn) D¯chpw \S¯nbn«pt­msb¶pw Hgnªp t]mIm³ A\phZn¨n«pÅ Imemh[n Ignªn«pt­msb¶pw hntÃPv Hm^okÀ Dd¸v hcpt¯­XmWv. 122. aäp Nne `qanIÄ¡pw Cu \nbaw _m[IamsW¶vþ (1) XncpsIm¨n tZhkzw `qanIÄ¡pw kÀÆokv C\mw `qanIÄ¡pw `qkwc£W \nbaw _m[Iam¡nbn«pÅXn\m C¯cw `qanIfnse It¿äsamgn¸n¡p¶Xn\pw \S]SnIÄ kzoIcn¡m³ hntÃPv DtZymKØÀ _m[yØcmWv. (XncpþsIm¨n lnµpaX Øm]\ \nbaw 27, 28(3), 50 F¶o hIp¸pIÄ ImWpI) 79


(2) `qkwc£W \nbaw 3þmw hIp¸n\p IognepÅ hniZoIcWwþ1  ] cmaÀ in¨n«p Å {] Imcw hos­Sp¡s¸ « `q anIÄ kÀ¡mÀ hI hkvXp¡fmbXn\m 1971 se I®³ tZh³ lnÂkv (`qan hos­Sp¡Â ) \nba {]Imcw (1971 se 5þmw \nbaw) kÀ¡mÀ hos­Sp¯n«pÅ `qanIfnse A\[nIrX It¿ä§Ä Hgn¸n¡p¶Xn\pw Cu \nbaw _m[IamWv. C¯cw `qanIfnse A\[nIrX It¿ä§Ä XSbp¶Xn\v 1971 se I®³ tZh³ lnÂkv (`qan hos­Sp¡Â) \nba¯nse 11þmw hIp¸v {]ImcapÅ k½dn Fhn£³ \S]SnItfm `qkwc£W \nba {]ImcapÅ \S]SnItfm IfÎdpsS \nÀt±im\pkcWw kzoIcn¡mhp¶XmWv.

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A²ymbwþ12

s\Âhb þ X®oÀ¯S kwc£W \nbaw 123. Dt±iy e£y§Äþ (1) kwØm\s¯ ImÀjnI hfÀ¨ t{]mÕmln¸n¡pI, `£y kw`cWw Dd¸m¡pI, s\ÂhbepIfpw X®oÀ¯S§fpw kwc£n¡pI, Ah ]cnhÀ¯\s¸Sp¯pIbpw cq]m´cs¸Sp¯pIbpw sN¿p¶Xv \nb{´n¡pI F¶o e£y§tfmsS 12.08.2008 {]_ey¯n \S¸nem¡nb \nbaamWv 2008 se 28þmw \nbaamb tIcfm s\Âhb X®oÀ¯S kwc£W \nbaw. (2) 1967-se `qhn\ntbmK D¯chn 13 C\w `£yhnfIÄ Irjn sN¿p¶ `qanIsf kw_Ôn¨ hyhØIfmWp­mbncp¶Xv.F¶m Cu \nba¯nemIs« s\ÂhbepIsfbpw X®oÀ¯S§sfbpw kw_Ôn¨ hyhØIfmWpÅXv. 124. s\Âhbepw X®oÀ¯Shpwþ (1) kwØm\¯n\I¯p ØnXnsN¿p¶Xpw, hÀj¯n Hcp {]mhiysa¦nepw s\ÂIrjn sN¿p¶tXm Asæn s\ÂIrjn¡v A\ptbmPyambtXm Xcnin«ncn¡p¶tXm Bb \ne§fpw AhbpsS A\p_Ô \nÀ½nXnIfmb NndIfpw NmepIfpw Ipf§fpw ssIt¯mSpIfpsaÃmw s\ÂhbepIfmIp¶p. (2) X®oÀ¯Ssa¶m Pe\nc¸v D]cnXew hscbpÅtXm BgwIpdª Pe¯m aqSn¡nS¡p¶tXm sNdpXmbn Nen¡pItbm, sI«n¡nS¡pItbm sN¿p¶ Pe¯m ]qcnXamb Øetam F¶À°amIp¶p. ImbepIÄ, AgnapJ§Ä, NXp¸pIÄ, I­Â¡mSpIÄ F¶nh sbms¡ X®oÀ¯S§Ä¡v DZ mlcW§f mWv. F¶ m s\ hb ep Itfm, \Z nItf m X®oÀ¯S§fÃm¯XpamIp¶p. 125.]cnhÀ¯\hpw cq]m´chpwþ (1) s\ÂIrjnsNbvXpsIm­ncp¶ Hcp Øetam AXnsâ A\p_Ô \nÀ½nXnItfm atäsX¦nepw Bhiy¯n\mbn 81


D]tbmKs¸Sp¯p¶Xns\bmWv ]cnhÀ¯\w (Conversion) F¶Xp sIm­v Dt±in¡p¶Xv. (2) F¶m GsX¦nepw s\Âhbtem, X®oÀ¯Stam Bb {]tZiw km[mcW amÀ¤§fhew_n¨v ]qÀÆØnXnbnem¡m³ Ignbm¯hn[¯n B {]tZi¯nsâ LS\bv¡v Øncamb amäw hcp¯pI F¶ {]hr¯nsbbmWv cq]m´cs¸Sp¯Â (Reclamation) F¶v hnh£n¡p¶Xv. (3) Cu \nba¯nsâ {]m_ey XobXn apX GsX¦nepw s\Âhbensâ ssIhi¡mct\m DSatbm Cu \nba¯nse hyhØIÄ¡p hnt[bambÃmsX s\ÂhbepIÄ ]cnhÀ¯\s¸Sp¯pItbm cq]m´cs¸Sp¯pItbm sN¿m³ ]mSnsöv 3þmw hIp¸n hyhØ sNbvXncn¡p¶p. IqSmsX Cu \nba¯nsâ {]m_ey XobXn apX kwØm\s¯ X®oÀ¯S§Ä AtX AhØbn kwc£nt¡­Xpw GsX¦nepw Xc¯nepÅ cq]m´c {]hÀ¯\§Ät¡m X®o À¯ S§fnÂ\n¶ pw aW \o¡w sN¿p ¶Xnt\m ] qÀ ® \ntcm[\apÅXmbpw 11þmw hIp¸n hyhØ sNbvXncn¡p¶p. AXmbXv s\ÂhbepIÄ s]mXp Bhiy§Ät¡m, hoSphbv¡p¶ Bhiy¯nt\m th­n hyhØ IÄ¡p hnt[b ambn c q] m´cs¸Sp¯ mhp¶ XmWv.F ¶m X®o À¯ S§fn cq ]m´c {]hr¯ nIÄ¡v \nba¯n bmsXmc p hyhØbpanÃm¯Xpw A¯cw {]hr¯nIÄ¡v ]qÀ® \ntcm[\apÅXpamWv. 126. tUäm _m¦pw hnÚm]\w sN¿s¸Sm¯ `qanbpwþ (1) Cu \nba¯nsâ {]m_ey XobXn apX s\ÂhbepItfm X®oÀ¯S§tfm Bb FÃm `qanIfptSbpw kÀsÆ \¼À, hnkvXoÀ®w F¶n§s\bpÅ hniZhnhc§Ä AS§nb Hcp ]«nI X¿mdm¡n Xt±i kzbw`cW Øm]\§Ä aptJ\ hnÚm]\w sN¿p¶Xn\v \nba¯n hyhØsNbvXn«pÅXmWv. C§s\ {]kn²oIcn¡p¶ IcSv tUäm _m¦n Bhiyamb hyXymk§Ä hcp¯n A´na tUäm _m¦pw {]kn²oIcnt¡­Xp­v. C¯c¯n tUäm _m¦v X¿mdm¡p¶Xn\pÅ NpaXe {]mtZinIXe \nco£W kanXn¡mWpÅXv. (2) hntÃPv tcJIfn (ASnØm\ `q\nIpXn cPnÌÀ) s\Âhbemtbm, X®oÀ¯Samtbm tcJs¸Sp¯nbn«pÅXpw F¶m tUäm _m¦n DÄs¸«n«nÃm¯Xpamb `qanIfmWv hnÚm]\w sN¿s¸Sm¯ `qanIÄ. 127. {]mtZinIXe \nco£W kanXnþ (1) Cu \nba¯nse hyhØIÄ \S¸m¡p¶Xn\mbn {Kma]©mb¯v/ap\nkn¸menänXe¯n Xt±i kzbw`cWØm]\¯nsâ {]knUâ v/sNbÀam³/tabÀ A²y£\mbpw Irjn Hm^okÀ I¬ho\dmbpw cq]oIcn¨n«pÅ kanXnbmWv {]mtZinIXe \nco£W kanXn. {]kvXpX {]tZi¯v A[nImcnXbpÅ hntÃPv Hm^okÀ/hntÃPv Hm^okÀamÀ, {]kvXpX {]tZis¯ s\ÂIrjn¡mcn \n¶pw \ma\nÀt±iw sN¿s¸Sp¶ aq¶v {]Xn\n[nIÄ F¶nhÀ kanXn AwK§fmbncn¡pw.


(2) hyhØIÄ¡p hnt[bambn hoSphbv¡p¶ Bhiy¯nte¡mbn s\Âhb cq]m´cs¸Sp¯p¶Xn\pÅ iq]mÀi PnÃmXe A[nIrX kanXn¡p kaÀ¸n¡pI, s]mXp Bhiy§Ä¡mbn s\ÂhbepIÄ cq]m´cs¸Sp¯p ¶Xn\pÅ At]£Ifn At]£ e`n¨ XobXnbn \n¶pw Hcp amk¯n\Iw kwØ m\Xe kanXn¡v d nt¸mÀ« v kaÀ¸ n¡pI, s\Âhbe pIÄ kµÀin¡pIbpw \nbahncp² {]hÀ¯\§Ä {i²bnÂs¸«m dh\yq UnhnjW Hm^okÀ¡v dnt¸mÀ«v kaÀ¸n¡pIbpw sN¿pI, Cu \nba¯nse hyhØIÄ¡p hncp²amb {]hr¯nIÄ kw_Ôn¨ s]mXpP\§fpsS ]cmXnIÄ ]cntim[n¨v \nbaewL\ {]hÀ¯\§Ä XSbp¶Xn\v DNnXamb \S]SnIÄ ssIs¡mÅpI, Xcnin«ncn¡p¶ s\ÂhbepIfn AhbpsS DSaØscs¡m­v Irjn sN¿n¡p¶Xn\v \S]SnIÄ kzoIcn¡pI F¶nhbmWv {]mtZinIXe \nco£W kanXnbpsS apJy NpaXeIÄ. (3) {]mtZinIXe \nco£W kanXn¡v BhiyapÅt¸msgms¡ tbmKw tNcmhp¶Xpw tbmKØew FÃmbv- t ¸mgpw Xt±i kzbw`cW Øm]\ Imcymebambncn¡p¶Xpw tbmKkabw A²y£³ Xocpam\n¡p¶Xpambncn¡pw. tbmKw tNcp¶Xn\v Gähpw IpdªXv aq¶v AwK§Ä lmPcmbncn¡Ww. tbmK¯nsâ an\nSv k v X¿mdmt¡­ NpaXe, kanXn {]hÀ¯\§Ä GtIm]n¸n¡pI F¶nh I¬ho\dpsS NpaXeIfmWv. (4)hoSphbv¡p¶Xnt\m s]mXp Bhiy¯nt\m s\ÂhbepIÄ cq]m´cs¸Sp¯p¶Xn\pÅ At]£IÄ (bYm{Iaw t^mdw I, II epÅ At]£IÄ) kzoIcnt¡­Xv Irjn Hm^okdmWv . C¯c¯nepÅ At]£IÄ hntÃPv Hm^okpIfn kzoIcn¡m³ ]mSnÃm¯XmWv. IqSmsX X®oÀ¯S§Ä cq]m´cs¸Sp¯p¶Xn\v A\paXn Bhiys¸«p kaÀ¸n¡p¶ At]£IÄ ]cnKW\mÀlasöXv {]tXyIw {i²nt¡­XmWv. 128. s\ÂhbepIÄ cq]m´cs¸Sp¯p¶Xn\pÅ At]£IÄþ (1) hoSp \nÀ½mW¯n\v t^mdw -I epw s]mXp Bhiy¯n\v t^mdw þII epw DÅ At]£IÄ kzoIcnt¡­Xv Irjn Hm^okdmWv . hoSv hbv ¡ p¶ Bhiy¯nte ¡mbn {Kma] ©mb¯ v {] tZ i§fn ]¯ p skâp w ap \nkn¸menän/tImÀ¸ td j³ {]tZi§f n 5 skâpw s\ hb  cq]m´cs¸Sp¯p¶Xn\pÅ At]£bnt·epÅ dnt¸mÀ«v 60 Znhk¯n\pÅn PnÃmXe A[nIrX kanXn¡v kaÀ¸n¡m³ {]mtZinIXe \nco£W kanXn _m[yØamWv. (2 ) ho Sp hb v¡p¶ Xn\p Å Bhiy¯n\mbn s\ hb  cq]m´cs¸Spt¯­n hcp¶ Ahkc§fn A¯cw cq]m´cs¸Sp¯Â ]mcnØnXnI hyhØsbtbm tNÀ¶pÅ s\ÂIrjnsbtbm _m[n¡pIbnÃ, At]£It\m IpSpw_¯nt\m Krlw \nÀ½n¡p¶Xn\p ]cym]vXamb `qan {]kvXpX PnÃbn HcnS¯pw CÃm¯XmWv, cq]m´cs¸Sp¯m\pt±in¡p¶ 83


`q an aäp s\ hb ep If m Npä s¸ «XÃ, At] £Isâ kz´w Bhiy¯n\mbmWv hoSv \nÀ½n¡p¶ Xv F ¶o hkvXp XIÄ Dd¸phcp¯nbmIWw {]mtZinIXe \nco£W kanXn dnt¸mÀ«v kaÀ¸nt¡­Xv. C Xnte ¡mbn kanXn AwK §Ä kwb pàambn Ø e] cntim[\ \S¯nbncn¡Ww. `qan Xncn¨dnbm³ klmbn¡pI, `q kw_Ôamb X­t¸À IW¡v, ASnØm\ `q\nIpXn cPnÌÀ F¶n tcJIfpsS ]IÀ¸pIÄ \ÂIpI, At]£Isâbpw IpSpw_mwK§fptSbpw t]cnepÅ PnÃbnse aäp `qanIfpsS hnhcw tiJcn¨p \ÂIpI F¶nhbmWv kanXnbwKw F¶ \nebn hntÃPv Hm^okdpsS IÀ¯hy§Ä. (3) s]mXp Bhiy¯n\mbn s\Âhb cq]m´cs¸Sp¯p¶Xn\mbn e`n¨ At]£Ifnt·Â {]mtZinIXe kanXn 30 Znhk¯n\Iw dnt¸mÀ«v kwØm\Xe kanXn¡v kaÀ¸n¨ncn¡Ww. CXnte¡mbn kwbpà Øe]cntim[\ \St¯­Xpw {]kv X pX `qanbpsS cq]m´cs¸Sp¯Â tNÀ¶pÅ `qanIfnse s\ÂIrjnsb F§s\ _m[n¡pw, tNÀ¶pÅ s\Âhbe pIf nte¡pÅ \osc mgp ¡v Dd¸p hcp ¯m³ kzo Icnt¡­ A\ptbmPyamb Pe kwc£W \S]SnIÄ, Pekwc£W \S]SnIÄ BhiyapÅ]£w AXn\mbn \o¡n hbv¡p¶ {]tZi¯nsâ hnhc§Ä F¶nh kw_Ôamb hnhc§Ä DÄs¡mÅp¶ dnt¸mÀ«v X¿mdmt¡­Xpap­v . kÀ¡mÀ, AÀ² kÀ¡mÀ, Xt±i kzbw`cW Øm]\§Ä, \nba{]Imcw cq]oIrXamb s]mXp Øm]\§Ä F¶nh, kÀ¡mÀ t\cn«v \S¯p¶tXm km¼¯nI klmbw sN¿p¶tXm Bb ]²XnIÄ, t{]mPÎpIÄ F¶nhbmWv "s]mXp Bhiyw" F¶XpsIm­À°am¡p¶Xv. 129. dnt¸mÀ«nMv Hm^okÀ-þ (1) s\ÂhbepIsf kw_Ôn¨ \nbaewL\ {]hÀ¯\§Ä dh\yq UnhnjW Hm^okÀ¡v dnt¸mÀ«v sN¿pI, s\ÂhbepIÄ Xcnin«n«pÅ]£w {]kvXpX hnhcw {]mtZinIXe \nco£W kanXnsb Adnbn¡pI F¶nh Irjn Hm^okdpsS NpaXeIfmWv. F¶m X®oÀ¯S§sf kw_Ôn¨ FÃm \nbaewL\ {]hr¯nIsf kw_Ôn¨papÅ hnhcw kanXnsbbpw dh\yq UnhnjW Hm^oksdbpw bYmkabw Adnbnt¡­Xv hntÃPv Hm^okdpsS NpaXebmWv. 130. A[nImcs¸Sp¯s¸« DtZymKسþ Cu \nba{]ImcapÅ NpaXeIÄ \ndthäp¶Xn\mbn hntÃPv Hm^oksd A[nImcs¸Sp¯s¸« DtZymKØ\mbn kÀ¡mÀ \ntbmKn¨n«pÅXmWv. A[nImcs¸Sp¯s¸« DtZymKس F¶ \nebn hntÃPv Hm^okÀ¡v Cu \nba{]Imcw Btcm]n¡s¸« Ipä¯nt·Â ]cntim[\tbm At\zjWtam \S¯p¶Xn\v Bhiyamb k¶mlt¯msS GXp ]cnkc¯pw, Øe¯pw {]thin¡pI, Cu \nba¯nse hyhØIÄ¡p hncp²amb {]hr¯nIÄ \nÀ¯nhbv¡m³ GsXmcmtfmSpw Bhiys¸SpI, Bhiysa¶p IcpXp¶ GsXmcp hnhchpw e`yam¡m³ GsXmcmtfmSpw Bhiys¸SpI Cu \nba¯nse hyhØIÄ¡v hncp²ambn D]tbmKn¨tXm,


D] tb mK n¡m³ D t±in¨n«p ÅtXm B b GsX¦ne pw hml\§tf m D]IcW§tfm Asæn s\Âhben \nt¶m X®oÀ¯S¯n \nt¶m \o¡w sNbvXtXm \nI¯m³ D]tbmKn¨tXm Bb Ifna®v, aWÂ, a®v apXembh ]nSns¨Sp¡pI, Ipäw sNbv X p F¶Xp kw_Ôn¨ sXfnhp tiJcWmÀ°w t^mt«m{Km^pIÄ FSp¡pItbm {]Xnsb t{]mknIyq«v sN¿p¶Xn\mbn No^v PpUojy aPnkv t {Säv ap¼msI Hcp dnt¸mÀ«v kaÀ¸n¡pItbm sN¿pI F¶o \S]SnIÄ ssIs¡mÅmhp¶XmWv. 131. hml\§fpw aäpw ]nSns¨Sp¯mepÅ \S]Sn{Iawþ (1) \nbahncp²amb {]hÀ¯\§Ä¡v D]tbmKn¨ hml\§Ä, D]IcW§Ä, \o¡w sNbvXtXm \nI¯ m\p] tb mK n¨tXm Bb a®v, aWÂ, Ifna®v Xp S§nb h A[o\XbnseSp¡p¶Xn\v (Seizure) hntÃPv Hm^okÀ¡v A[nImcapÅXmWv. C¯c¯n GsX¦nepw hkvXphIIÄ A[o\XbnseSp¡p¶ Ahkc¯n {]tZihmknIfpw kÀ¡mÀ Poh\¡mcÃm¯hcpamb c­v XSØdpsS km¶n²y¯n Hcp alkÀ X¿mdmt¡­Xpw alkdnsâ ]IÀ¸v, ]nSns¨Sp¯ km[\ kma{KnIÄ FhnsS kq£n¡p¶p F¶ hnhcw tcJs¸Sp¯nsIm­v IpäIrXy¯nteÀs¸« hyàn¡v ssIamtd­XpamWv. (2) ] nSns¨Sp¯ km[\ kma{KnIÄ aq¶ mw Ø m\w G¸n¨psImSp¡pItbm t]meokv tÌj\nte¡v amäpItbm sN¿mhp¶XpamWv. C¯c¯n km[\ kma{KnIÄ ssIhi¯nseSp¯m CXp kw_Ôamb hniZhnhc§fS§nb Hcp dnt¸mÀ«v alkÀ ]IÀ¸p klnXw 48 aWn¡qdn\Iw P nà m If ÎÀ ¡p kaÀ ¸n¡m³ hntà Pv H m^okÀ _m[yØ\mWv . ssIhi¯nseSp¯ hkv X phIIsf kw_Ôn¨v PnÃm IfÎdpsS \nÀt±im\pkcWapÅ XpSÀ \S]SnIÄ kzoIcnt¡­XmWv. 132. Xcnin«ncn¡p¶ s\ÂhbepIfn IrjnsN¿p¶Xn\pÅ hyhØþ (1) Xcnin«ncn¡p¶Xmbn Irjn Hm^okÀ dnt¸mÀ«v sNbvXn«pÅ s\ÂhbepIfpsS A\p`h¡mtcmSv AbmÄ t\cnt«m aämsc¦nepw aptJ\tbm s\ÂIrjn sN¿p¶Xn\v \nÀt±iw \ÂIp¶Xn\v {]mtZinIXe \nco£W kanXn¡v A[nImcapffXmWv . C¯c¯nepÅ \nÀt±iw \ÂInbm ]Xn\©p Z nhk§Ä¡Iw adp ]Sn \ Im³ s\Âhbe nsâ A\p`h¡mc ³ _m[yØ\mWv . A\paXn e`n¡p¶]£w IrjnbhImiw kw_Ôn¨ \S]SnIÄ kzoIcn¡m³ Xt±i kzbw`cW Øm]\t¯mSv \nÀt±int¡­Xpw F¶m A\paXn \ntj[n¡s¸Sp¶]£w {]kvXpX hnhcw kanXn dh\yq UnhnjW Hm^okÀ¡v dnt¸mÀ«v sNt¿­XpamWv. 133. hnÚm]\w sN¿s¸Sm¯ `qanbpsS kz`mh hyXnbm\wþ (1) hnÚm]\w sN¿s¸Sm¯Xpw ]camh[n 4.04 BÀ hnkvXrXnbpÅXpamb `qanbn 120 NXpc{iaoäÀ hokvXoÀ®apÅ hmkKrlw \nÀ½n¡p¶Xnt\m, ]camh[n 2.02 BÀ hnkvXrXnbnepÅ `qanbn 40 NXpc{iaoäÀ hokvXoÀ®apÅ Hcp hmWnPy 85


sI«nSw \nÀ½n¡p¶Xnt\m Cu \nba{]ImcapÅ bmsXmc\paXnbpw BhiyanÃm¯XmWv. (2) hnÚm]\w sN¿s¸Sm¯ `qanIÄ hoSphbv¡p¶ Bhiy¯nt\m hmWnPymhiy§Ät¡m th­n cq]m´cs¸Sp¯p¶Xn\v `qanbpsS DSaس dh\yq UnhnjW Hm^okÀ¡p kaÀ¸n¡p¶ At]£bnt·Â hniZamb dnt¸mÀ«v kaÀ¸n¡m³ hntÃPv Hm^okÀ _m[yØ\mWv.CXnte¡mbn Øe ]cntim[\ \S¯n alkÀ X¿mdmt¡­Xpw ]cnhÀ¯\s¸Sp¯m\pt±in¡p¶ `qan, Pekwc£W \S]SnIÄ BhiyapÅ]£w AXn\mbn \o¡nhbv¡p¶ `qan, F¶nh {]tXyIambn ASbmfs¸Sp¯n X¿mdm¡nb Hcp t¹m«Uv kvsI¨v X¿mdmt¡­XpamWv. kao]¯v s\ÂhbepIÄ DÅ]£w Pekwc£W \S] SnIÄ kw_ Ôn¨ hyàamb ip] mÀ iIÄ dnt¸ mÀ «n DÄs¡mÅnt¡­XmWv.{]kvXpX `qanbpsS \ymbhne F{XbmsW¶ hnhcw dnt¸mÀ«n tNÀt¡­Xpw dnt¸mÀ«ns\m¸w X­t¸À IW¡v, ASnØm\ `q\nIpXn cPnÌdnse {]kà `mK¯nsâ ]IÀ¸v, alkÀ F¶nh DffS¡w sNt¿­XpamWv.

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A²ymbwþ13

`qhn\ntbmKw 134. `qhn\ntbmK D¯chnsâ Dt±iyw þkwØm\s¯ `£y£maw ]cnlcn¡pI, `t£ym¸mZ\w hÀ²n¸n¡pI F¶o e£y§Ä ap³\nÀ¯n 04.07.1967 XobXn {]m_ey¯n kwØm\ kÀ¡mÀ \S¸nem¡nb N«§fmWv 1967 se tIcf `qhn\ntbmK D¯chv. tI{µ \nbaamb 1955 se AhiyhkvXp \nba¯nsâ 3þmw hIp¸v {]Imcapff A[nImc§Ä hn\ntbmKn¨psIm­mWv kwØm\ kÀ¡mÀ Cu D¯chv ]pds¸Sphn¨n«pffXv . `£yhnfIÄ IrjnsN¿p¶Xn\v D]bpàamb `qanIfn \nÀ±nãhnfIÄ Irjn sN¿m³ `qhpSaIsf \nÀ_ÔnXcm¡pI, Xcniv `qanIfnse IrjnbhImiw teew sNbvXv hn¡pI, Irjn`qanIÄ XcninSmsXbncn¡p¶p F¶pd¸phcp¯pI, Irjn`qanIÄ A\paXn IqSmsX ]cnhÀ¯\s¸Sp¯p¶Xv XSbpI F¶nhbmWv Cu D¯chnsâ {][m\ Dt±iy§Ä. \nÀ±njvS hnfIÄ Irjn sN¿p¶ `qanIÄ kw_Ôn¨mWv Cu D¯chn hyhØIfpffXv. AXmbXv s\ÂhbepIÄ¡v am{Xaà , ad n¨v D¯ chn ] cmaÀ in¨n«p ff GXn\w `£yhnfIÄ IrjnsNbvXphcp¶ `qanIÄ¡pw Cu D¯chnse hyhØIÄ _m[IamWv. 135. ]cnhÀ¯\wþ \nÀ®bn¡s¸«n«pÅ `£yhnfIÄ Irjn sNbvXphcp¶ `qanbn atäsX¦nepw `£yhnfIÄ Irjn sN¿pItbm Asæn A¯cw `qanIÄ atäsX¦nepw Bhiy¯n\mbn D]tbmKn¡pItbm sN¿p¶Xns\bmWv ]cnhÀ¯\w (Conversion) F¶XpsIm­v AÀ°am¡p¶Xv. 136. `£yhnfIÄþ Cu D¯chnse Bhiy¯nte¡mbn s\Ãv, aÕyw, Icn¼v, ]¨¡dnIÄ, ac¨o\n(I¸), tN\(Yam), tXbne, Im¸n, Gew, IpcpapfIv, \ne ¡Se, sImt¡m, t\{´hmg F ¶nhsb `£ yhnf If mb n 87


\nÀ®bn¨n«pÅXmWv. 137. ]cnhÀ¯\¯n\pÅ \nb{´Wwþ (1) Cu D¯chp \nehn h¶ XobXn¡p sXm«pap¼pff aq¶v hÀjtam AXn\p tijapff GsX¦nepw Imebfhnse XpSÀ¨bmb 3 hÀjtam, \nÀ®bn¡s¸« GsX¦nepw `£yhnfIÄ IrjnsNbvXph¶ncp¶ ]£w {]kvXpX Irjn`qanbpsS DSa PnÃm IfÎdpsStbm, dh\yq UnhnjW Hm^okdpsStbm tcJmaqeapÅ A\paXn IqSmsX A¯c¯nepÅ `qanIÄ ]cnhÀ¯\s¸Sp¯m³ ]mSpÅXÃ. F¶m Gew IrjnsN¿p¶ `qan HgnsIbpÅ aäp Irjn`qanIÄ s\ÂIrjn sN¿p¶Xnt\m, kokWembn aÕyIrjn sN¿p¶Xnt\m D]tbmKn¡p¶Xn\v C¯c¯n ]cnhÀ¯\m\paXn BhiyanÃm¯XmWv. (2) Cu D¯chp {]ImcapÅ Irjn`qanIÄ F¶Xv s\ÂhbepIÄ am{Xaà F¶Xv{it²bamWv. \nÀ®bn¡s¸«n«pÅ `£yhnfIÄ IrjnsNbvXphcp¶ tXm sNb vXnc p¶ tXm Bb F Ãm¯c w `q anIf pw Cu D¯ chnsâ Bhiy¯nte¡mbn Irjn`qanIfmbn ]cnKWn¡s¸Sp¶Xmbncn¡pw. (3) 2008-se tIcfm s\Âhb X®oÀ¯S kwc£W \nba¯nsâ {]m_ey XobXn apX FÃm s\ÂhbepIsf kw_Ôn¨pw 1967þse `qhn\ntbmK D¯chv _m[IaÃm¯Xpw s\ÂhbepIfpambn _Ôs¸« ]cnhÀ¯\tam cq]m´ctam DÄs¸sSbpÅ FÃm \S]SnIÄ¡pw 2008þse tIcfm s\Âhb X®o À¯ S kw c£ W \nba¯nse hyhØIÄ _m[Iambncn¡p¶XpamWv. 138. hntÃPv DtZymKØcpsS NpaXeIÄ-þ (1) Cu D¯chp {]ImcapÅ GsX¦nepw Irjn`qan D]tbmK{]Zambn hn\ntbmKn¡p¶Xnt\m, Cu D¯chn\p hnc p²ambn GsX¦nep w Ir jn`q anIÄ ] cnhÀ ¯\s¸ Sp ¯p ¶Xp {i²bnÂs¸«m BbXv XSbp¶Xnt\m th­n C¯cw hnhc§Ä bYmkabw XlknÂZmÀ¡p dnt¸mÀ«p sN¿m³ hntÃPv Hm^okÀ _m²yØ\mWv. (2) A\[nIrX ]cnhÀ¯\w {i²bnÂs¸«mepS³ hntÃPv Hm^okÀ Irjn`qan kµÀint¡­Xpw ]cnhÀ¯\s¸Sp¯Â \nÀ¯nhbv¸nt¡­XpamWv. IqSmsX A\[nIrX ]cnhÀ¯\w kw_Ôn¨v {]tZihmknIfmb c­v XSØd psS km¶n²y¯ n Irjn`q anbn {] thin¨v Hc p alkÀ X¿mdmt¡­Xpw BbXns\m¸w X­t¸À ]IÀ¸v , ASnØm\ `q\nIpXn cPnÌdnsâ {]kà `mK¯nsâ ]IÀ¸v F¶nh klnXw XlkoÂZmÀ aptJ\ dh\yq UnhnjW Hm^okÀ¡v dnt¸mÀ«v kaÀ¸nt¡­XpamWv. (3) `qhn\ntbmK D¯chv _m[Iamb Irjn`qanIfpsS DSaØÀ¡v hoSphbv¡p¶Xn\mbn 5 skâ v `qanhsc ]cnhÀ¯\s¸Sp¯p¶Xn\v dh\yq UnhnjW Hm^okÀ¡v A\paXn \ÂImhp¶XmWv . C¯c¯n ]cnhÀ¯\m\paXn tXSnbpÅ At]£Ifn Irjn`qansb kw_Ôn¨ hniZmwi§Ä, At]£I\pw IpSpw_¯n\pw ssIhiapÅ aäp `qanIfpsS


hniZhnhc§Ä F¶nhbpÄs¡mÅp¶ dnt¸mÀ«v hyàamb ip]mÀi klnXw XlkoÂZmÀ aptJ\ dh\yq UnhnjW Hm^okÀ¡v kaÀ¸n¡phm\pw hntÃPv Hm^okÀ NpaXes¸«ncn¡p¶p. F¶m s\ÂhbepIsf kw_Ôn¨v C¯c¯n ]cnhÀ¯\m\paXn tXSnbpÅ At]£Ifn 2008þse tIcf s\Âhb X®oÀ ¯S kw c£ W \nb a{]ImcapÅ \S]SnIfmWv ssIs¡mtÅ­Xv. (4) Cu D¯chp {]ImcapÅ FÃm t\m«okpIfpw D¯chpIfpw bYmhn[n \S¯pI, {]kn²s¸Sp¯pI F¶nh hntÃPv DtZymKØcpsS NpaXeIfmWv. IqSmsX Irjn `qanbnse IrjnbhImiw teew sN¿p¶ Ahkc¯n tee \S]SnIfn IfÎdpsS (dh\yq UnhnjW Hm^okÀ) \nÀt±im\pkcWw {]hÀ¯n¡p¶Xn\pw hntÃPv Hm^okÀ NpaXes¸«ncn¡p¶p.

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89


A²ymbwþ14

eLp [mXp¡Äþ J\\hpw IS¯ns¡m­p t]mIepw 139. eLp[mXp¡Ä (Minor Minerals)-þ (1) J\nIÄ, J\nP§Ä F¶nhbpsS hnIk\hpw \nb{´Whpw kw_Ôn¨ hyhØIÄ DÄs¡mÅn¨ncn¡p¶Xv tI{µ\nbaamb 1957 se J\nbpw J\nP§fpw (hnIk\hpw \nÀÆlWhpw) \nba¯nemWv. Cu \nba¯nsâ 15þmw hIp¸v {]Imcw eLp[mXp¡Ä (Minor Minerals) kw_Ôn¨ J\\ {]hÀ¯\§Ä¡pÅ s]Àanäv, ]m«w F¶nh kw_Ôn¨v 2015  tIcf ssa\À an\d I¬kj³ N«§Ä¡pw 23 kn(1) hIp¸v {]Imcw eLp[mXp¡fpsS Nc¡p \o¡w kw_Ôn¨v 2015  tIcf an\dÂkv ({]nh³j³ Hm^v CÃoK ssa\nwKv , tÌmtdPv B³Uv {Sm³kvt]mÀt«j³) N«§Ä¡pw kwØm\ kÀ¡mÀ cq]w \ÂInbn«p­v. (2) [mXp¡sf kw_Ôn¨ ""I¬kj³'' F¶XpsIm­v Dt±in¡p¶Xv GsX¦nepw [mXp¡Ä J\\w sN¿m³ kÀ¡mÀ \ÂIp¶ AhImisa¶mWv. kwØm\ kÀ¡mÀ cq]oIcn¨n«pÅ 2015 se tIcf ssa\À an\d I¬kj³ N«§fnse s]Àanäv, eokv F¶nhbmWv ta¸dª ""I¬kj\pIÄ''. (3) 2015 se tIcfm ssa\À an\d I¬kj³ N«§Ä¡\p_ÔambpÅ sjUyqÄþ1 emWv 55 C\w eLp[mXp¡fpsS ]«nI tNÀ¯n«pÅXv . {]tXyImhiy§Ä¡p]tbmKn¡p¶ sN¦Ãv, Icn¦Ãv, km[mcW aWÂ, Ifna®v F¶nhsbms¡bmWv eLp[mXp¡Ä. 140. \nbaewL\§Äþ 1957 se J\nbpw J\nP§fpw (hnIk\hpw \nÀÆlWhpw) \nba¯ntem, {]kv X pX \nba¯m cq]oIcn¡s¸« N«§fntem hyhØ sNbvX {]ImcapÅ Hcp s]Àantäm ]m«tam IqSmsX GsXmc mf pw b msXmcp hn[amb J \\ {]hÀ¯ \§fp w \S¯m³ ]mSnÃm¯XmWv F¶v {]kvXpX \nba¯nse 4þmw hIp¸nsâ H¶mw D]hIp¸nÂ


hyhØ sNbvXncn¡p¶p. IqSmsX Hcmfpw Cu \nba¯ntem \nba¯m cq ]o Ic n¡s¸ «Xmb N«§fnte m hyhØ sNb v X {]Imc ap Å \S]Sn{Ia§Ä¡p hnt[bambÃmsX GsX¦nepw Xc¯nepÅ [mXp¡Ä kw`cn¡pItbm IS¯ns¡m­p t]mIpItbm AXn\mbn {ian¡pItbm sN¿m³ ]mSpÅXsöv {]kvXpX \nba¯nsâ 4þmw hIp¸nsâ '1 A' D]hIp¸n hyhØ sNbvXn«pÅXpamWv. 141. \nbahncp² {]hÀ¯\§Äs¡Xncmbn kzoIcnt¡­ \S]SnIÄþ (1) Bsc¦nepw \nbahncp²ambn GsX¦nepw [mXp¡Ä J\\w sN¿pItbm \nbahncp²ambn [mXp¡Ä GsX¦nepw hml\ap]tbmKnt¨m AÃmsXtbm IS¯ns¡m­p t] mIpItb m sNbvXm A{]Imc ap Å {]hÀ¯\§Ä¡p]tbmKn¨ ]Wnbmbp[§Ä, D]IcW§Ä, hml\§Ä, atäsX¦nepw hkvXp¡Ä F¶nh ssIhi¯nseSp¡p¶Xn\v (Seizure) em³Uv dh\yq hIp¸nse hntÃPv Hm^okÀ apX PnÃm IfÎÀ hscbpÅ DtZymKØsc Mines & Minerals (Development & Regulation) Act, 1957sâ 21(4) hIp¸v {]Imcw NpaXe s¸ Sp ¯ns¡m­v kw Øm\ kÀ ¡mÀ hnÚm]\w ]pds¸Sphn¨n«pÅXmWv. (2) C ¯c ¯n hntà Pv H m^okÀ hml\§tfm atä m ssIhi¯ nseSp¡p¶ ] £w Ah alkÀ X¿mdm¡n kpc £nX kq£n¸ntebv¡v amtä­Xpw alkÀ ]IÀ¸v ]nSns¨Sp¯ hkvXp hIIÄ FhnsS kq£n¡p¶p F¶ hnhcw tcJs¸Sp¯ns¡m­v _Ôs¸« I£nbv¡v \ÂtI­XpamWv. C{]Imcw ]nSns¨Sp¯ hkvXp hIIfpsS ]«nIbpw alkdpw DÄs¡mÅn¨pÅ Hcp hniZamb dnt¸mÀ«v hkvXphIIÄ ]nSns¨Sp¯ XobXnbn \n¶pw HcmgvNbv¡Iw PnÃm PntbmfPnÌn\vv ssIamdm³ hntÃPv Hm^okÀ NpaXes¸«ncn¡p¶p. XpSÀ¶v PnÃm PntbmfPnÌv PpUojy aPnkvt{Säv ap¼msI CXp kw_Ôambn ]cmXn t_m[n¸n¡pIbpw tImSXn D¯chn\p hnt[bambn XpSÀ \S]SnIÄ ssI¡mtÅ­XpamWv. 142. J\\ s]Àanänt\m eoknt\m DÅ At]£bvs¡m¸w hntÃPv Hm^okn \n¶pw \ÂtI­ tcJIÄþ J\\ {]hÀ¯\§Ä¡mbn PnÃm PntbmfPnÌv ap¼msI At]£n¡p¶ GsXmcmfpw Bhiys¸Sp¶ ]£w kÀtÆ kvsI¨nsâ km£ ys¸Sp¯nb ]IÀ¸v, J\\¯n\mbpt±in¡p¶ `qan {]tXyI hyhØbnt·Â ]Xn¨p \ÂInbXsö km£y]{Xw, ssIhimhImi kÀ«n^n¡äv , `qanbpsS FepIIÄ ImWn¡p¶ km£y]{Xw F¶nh A\phZn¡m³ hntÃPv Hm^okÀ _m[yØ\mWv. 143. km[mcW a®v kw_Ôn¨ hyhØþ (1) hmkKrl\nÀ½mW¯n\mtbm, ^vfmäpIÄ \nÀ½n¡p¶Xnt\m 300 NXpc{iaoäÀ hscbpÅ hmWnPy sI«nS§Ä \nÀ½n¡p¶Xnt\m th­n km[mcW a®v J\\w sN¿p¶Xn\v J\\ s]Àanäv Bhiyansöv 2015 se tIcf ssa\À an\d I¬kj³ N«¯nse N«w 14(2) 91


 hyhØ sNbvXn«pÅXmWv. (2) F¶m C¯c¯n km[mcW a®v J\\w sN¿p¶Xntebv¡mbn \nÀ½mW¯n\pt±in¡p¶ sI«nSw kw_Ôn¨v _Ôs¸« Xt±ikzbw`cW Øm]\¯n \n¶v Hcp sI«nS \nÀ½mW s]Àanäv e`yam¡n ssIhiw hbv¡m³ sI«nS \nÀ½mWw \S¯p¶ hyàn _m[yØ\mWv. IqSmsX C¯c¯n J\\w sN¿p¶ km[mcW a®v {]kv X pX hyànbpsS `qanbn \n¶v ]pdt¯bv¡ v sIm­pt]mtI­n h¶m BbXn\v \nÝnX \nc¡nepÅ tdmbÂän HSp¡p hcp¯ns¡m­v ssa\nwKv & PntbmfPn hIp¸nse tImw]oäâ v AtXmdnänbn \n¶pw an\d {Sm³knäv ]mkv hm§n kq£n¡m\pw sI«nS DSa _m[yØ\mWv. 144. hmkKrl \nÀ½mWhpw J\\hpwþ hmkKrl§Ä \nÀ½n¡p¶Xnt\m, s]mXp kuIcy§Ä Hcp¡p¶Xn\v \nÀ½mW {]hÀ¯\§Ä \S¯p¶Xnt\m th­n GsX¦nepw eLp[mXp¡Ä J\\w sNt¿­n h¶m BbXn\v 2015 se ssa\À an\d I¬kj³ N«§Ä {]Imcw (N«w 106) bmsXmcp A\paXnbpw BhiyanÃm¯XmWv. F¶m C¯cw {]hr¯nIfmcw`n¡p¶Xn\p ap¼mbn CXp kw_Ôamb hnhcw ssa\nwKv B³Uv PntbmfPn hIp¸nse tImw]oäâ v AtXmdnänsb ap³Iq«n tcJmaqew Adnbn¡m³ \nÀ½mW {]hÀ¯\w \S¯m\pt±in¡p¶bmÄ _m[yØ\mWv. 145. an\d {Sm³knäv ]mkpIÄþ hml\¯ntem aäp amÀ¤§fmtem Hcp Øe¯p \n¶pw asämcp Øet¯bv¡ v eLp[mXp¡Ä IS¯ns¡m­p t]mIp¶Xn\v O(A), O(B) F¶n§s\ c­n\w ]mkpIÄ PnÃm PntbmfPnÌv A\phZn¨p hcp¶p. CXn O(A) F¶ ]mkv [mXp¡fpsS hn¸\bpambn _Ôs¸« IS¯ns¡m­p t]mIen\pw O(B) ]mkv eLp[mXp¡Ä J\\ {]tZi¯p\n¶pw aqeyhÀ²nX D¸¶ bqWnäntebv¡pÅ IS¯ns¡m­p t]mIen\pamWv A\phZn¡p¶Xv. 146. hntÃPv DtZymKØcpsS IÀ¯hy§Äþ ta ]cmaÀin¨ \nbatam Ahbmep­m¡s¸« N«§tfm A\pimkn¡p¶ Xc¯nepÅ {]hr¯nIfpambn _Ôs¸«v tImw]oäâ v AtXmdnäntbm CXntebv¡mbn A[nImcs¸Sp¯s¸« atäsX¦nepw DtZymKØtcm tcJmaqew Bhiys¸Sp¶ klmb§Ä \nhÀ¯n¨p sImSp¡m³ hntÃPv DtZymKØÀ NpaXes¸«ncn¡p¶p.

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A²ymbwþ15

aW hmc \nb{´Whpw \ZoXoc kwc£Whpw. 147. tIcf ¯nse \ZnIfn \n¶p Å aW hmc \nb{´n¡pI, A\nb{´nXamb aW hmcen \n¶pw \ZoXoc§sfbpw \ZoXS§sfbpw kwc£n¡pI, \ZnIfpambn _Ôs¸« ]mcnØnXnI Bhmk hyhØbv¡p tIm«w hcmsX kwc£n¡pI F¶o Dt±iy§tfmsS 15þ4þ2002 XobXn {]m_ey¯n \S¸nem¡nb \nbaamWv 2001 se 18þmw \nbaamb tIcfm \ZoXoc kwc£Whpw aW hmc \nb{´Whpw \nbaw. 148. \ZnIfpsS kwc£W NpaXeþ (1) tIcf¯nse 44 \ZnIfpw `qkwc£W \nba¯nse 4þmw hIp¸v {]ImcapÅ ]pdt¼m¡pIfmIbm \ZnIfnse A\[nIrX It¿ä§Ä¡pw {]thi\§Ä¡psaXnsc {]kvXpX \nba¯nse hyhØ IÄ {]Imc w \S]SnIÄ FSp¡msa¦ne pw aW hmc  A\nhmcyamIbmepw Ah \nb{´nt¡­XpÅXn\mepw \ZoXoc§fpsS kw c£W¯ n\v \S]SnIÄ ssIs¡mtÅ­Xn\mepw ]mc nØnXnI hyhØbn \ZnIÄ¡v henb {]m[m\yapÅXn\m ssPhnI Bhmk hyhØIÄ kwc£nt¡­XpÅXn\mepamWv 2001  tIcfm \ZoXoc kwc£Whpw aW hmc \nb{´Whpw \nbahpw CXn\\pkrXambn 2002  N«§fpw kwØm\ kÀ¡mÀ cq]h¡cn¨Xv. ]©mb¯ocmPv \Kc]menI \nba§Ä \S¸n h¶Xns\ XpSÀ¶v kwØm\s¯ \ZnIÄ Xt±ikzbw`cW Øm]\§fn \n£n]vXamsb¦nepw ]n¶oSv NphsS tNÀ¡p¶ \ZnIfpsS ]cn]me\hpw kwc£Whpw kÀ¡mÀ GsäSp¡pIbp­mbn. 1. `mcX¸pg, 2. s]cnbmÀ, 3. NmenbmÀ, 4. ]¼, 5. IÃSbmÀ, hma\]pcw \Zn, 7. N{µKncn¸pg, 8. Ica\bmÀ, 9. ao\¨nemÀ.

6.

(2) F¶m \ZoXoc kwc£Whpw aWÂhmc \nb{´Whpw 93


kw_Ôn¨ hyhØIÄ kwØm\s¯ FÃm \ZnIÄ¡pw _m[IamWv . \ZnIfpsS kwc£Ww, aWÂhmc \nb{´Ww, aW hne \nÀWbw F¶nh GtIm]n¸n¡p¶Xn\mbn {]mtZinIambn I½nänIÄ cq]oIcn¨n«pÅXmWv. 149. IShpI½nänbpw {]hÀ¯\§fpwþ (1) GsX¦nepw \ZoXoc¯v aW hmc A\phZ\obamb `mKamWv IShv. C¯cw IShpIÄ hgnbpÅ aW hmce pw \o ¡w sN¿e pw \nb{´n¡p¶ Xn\mb n Xt±i kzb w`cW Øm]\¯nsâ {]knUâ v sNbÀam\pw Xt±i kzbw`cW Øm]\¯nsâ sk{I«dn I¬ho\dpambpÅ Hcp I½nän {]hÀ¯n¨p hcp¶p. hntÃPv Hm^okÀ {]kvXpX I½nänbnse HcwKamWv. aq¶phÀj Imemh[nbpÅ IShpI½nän IpdªXv amk¯n Hcn¡Â F¦nepw tNtc­Xpw, {]kvXpX I½nänbpsS Izmdw aq¶nsem¶mbn \nPs¸Sp¯nbn«pÅXpamWv. (2) aW hmcen\v A\ptbmPyamb IShpIfpw \ZoXoc§fpw Is­¯p I, Ahbn \n¶p w \o¡w sN¿mhp ¶ aWensâ Af hv \nPs¸Sp¯pI, IShpIfpw \ZoXoc§fpw kwc£n¡p¶Xn\pÅ \S]SnIÄ ssIs¡mÅpI, aWÂhmc \ntcm[nt¡­XpÅ ]£w AXnsâ BhiyIX F¶nh kw_Ôn¨ hniZamb ip]mÀiIÄ PnÃmXe hnZKv² kanXn¡v ssIamdpI, aWÂhmcen GÀs¸Sp¶ \mS³ hŧfpsS hnhc§Ä {]kn²s¸Sp¯p¶Xn\v Xt±i kzbw `cW Øm]\t¯mSv Bhiys¸SpI F¶nhbmWv IShp I½nänbpsS NpaXeIÄ. IqSmsX Hmtcm IShn \n¶pw e`yamIp¶ aWensâ hne \nÀ®bn¡epw IShpI½nänIfpsS NpaXebmIp¶p. 150. aW hmc kw_Ôn¨ \nb{´W§Äþ cmhnse 6 aWnbv¡v ap¼mbpw D¨Xnc nªv 3 aWnb v¡v tijhp w aW hmc epw \o¡w sN¿epw A\phZ\obaÃm¯XmWv. IqSmsX \ZoXoc¯p\n¶pw DÅntebv¡pÅ Zqcw 15 aoäÀ hcp¶ `mK§fnepw ]me§Ät¡m, PetkN\ ]²XnbpsS ]¼nwKv tÌj\pIÄt¡m, XSbWIÄt¡m kao]apÅ 500 aoäÀ hscbpÅ `mK§fnepw aW hmc A\phZ\obaÃm¯XmWv. aW \o¡w sN¿m\p]tbmKn¡p¶ hml\§Ä ]mÀ¡v sNt¿­ Ipdª Zqc]cn[n \ZoXoc§fn \n¶pw 25 aoäÀ Bbn \nPs¸Sp¯nbn«pÅXpamWv. 151. A\[nIrX aW hmcÂþ (1) Cu \nba¯nse hyhØIÄ¡p hncp²ambn GsX¦nepw \Znbn \nt¶m Xoc¯p\nt¶m aW hmcp¶Xpw \o ¡w sN¿ p¶ Xp w {i²b n s¸ «m A¯ cw {]hÀ¯ \§fnte À s¸Sp¶hÀs¡Xnsc \nba \S]SnIÄ kzoIcn¡p¶Xn\pw CXntebv ¡ p ]tbmKn¨ hml\§tfm, D]IcW§tfm, ]Wnbmbp[§tfm atäsX¦nepw km[\§tfm ]nSns¨Sp¡p¶Xn\pw (Seizure) hntÃPv Hm^okÀ _m[yØ\mWv. Cu \nba¯nsâ Bhiy¯ntebv¡mbn \mS³hÅw, N§mSw, F¶nhsb hml\w F¶p IW¡m¡mhp¶XmWv. hml\tam aWtem ]nSns¨Sp¡p¶ Ahkc ¯n hntà Pv Hm^okÀ {]tZ ihmknIfmb c­p t] cp sS


km¶n²y¯n Hcp alkÀ X¿mdmt¡­Xpw ]nSns¨Sp¯ hkvXphIIÄ kpc£nX kq£n¸ntebv¡v amtä­XpamWv. (2) C¯c¯n hml\tam aWtem ]nSns¨Sp¡p¶ ]£w 48 aWn¡qdn\pÅn CXp kw_Ôamb Hcp dnt¸mÀ«v X¿mdm¡n B {]tZi¯v A[nImcnXbpÅ PpUojy aPnkvt{Säv, k_v UnhnjW aPnkvt{Säv, tÌj³ lukv Hm^okÀ F¶nhÀ¡v \ÂIp¶Xn\pw hntÃPv Hm^okÀ _m[yØ\mWv. ]nSns¨Sp¯ hml\§Ä DÄs¸sSbpÅ hkv X p¡Ä kw_Ôn¨ XpSÀ \S]SnIÄ k_vU nhnjW aPnkv t{Sänsâ Xocpam\¯n\p hnt[bambn kzoIcnt¡­XpamWv.

****

95


`mKwþ IV

`qanþ AhImihpw ssIamähpw


A²ymbwþ16

`qan]Xnhv

152. hnhn[ `q]Xnhv N«§Äþ (1) kÀ¡mÀ hI `qan ]Xn¨psImSp¡p¶Xns\bpw ]m«¯n\p sImSp¡p¶Xns\bpw kw_Ôn¨v kwØm\sam«msI hnhn[Xcw N«§Ä C¶p \nehnep­v. Ahbn {][m\s¸«h Xmsg ]dbp¶hbmWv. 1) I­pIrjn `qan ]Xn¨psImSp¡p¶Xns\ kw_Ôn¨n«pff 1958þse N«§Ä 2) dºÀ Irjn¡pth­n kÀ¡mÀ `qan ]Xn¨psImSp¡p¶Xns\ kw_Ôn¨n«pff 1960þse N«§Ä 3) Gew Irjn sN¿p¶Xn\pth­n kÀ¡mÀ hI `qan ]m«¯n\v sImSp¡p¶Xns\ kw_Ôn¨n«pff 1961þse N«§Ä. 4) 1962-se `qZm³ Assk³saâ v N«§Ä 5) ]pIbne Irjn sN¿m³ kÀ¡mÀ `qan ]Xn¨psImSp¡p¶Xn\p th­nbpff 1963þse N«§Ä 6) IÀjIs¯mgnemfnIsf A[nhkn¸n¡m³ kÀ¡mÀ `qan ]Xn¨p sImSp¡p¶Xn\p th­nbpÅ 1963þse N«§Ä. 7) 1964 se tIcf `qan ]Xnhp N«§Ä. 8) hyhkmbnImhiy§Ä¡vkÀ¡mÀ`qan ]Xn¨psImSp¡p¶ Xn\p th­nbpÅ 1964 se N«§Ä. 9) kÀ¡mÀ B^okpIfpw sI«nS§fpw ØnXnsN¿p¶ ]pcbnShpw AXnse hr£§fpw ]m«¯n\p sImSp¡p¶Xns\ kw_Ôn¨pÅ 1967 se N«§Ä. 10) 1968 se ssltd©v tImfssWtkj³ k-vIow N«§Ä. 11) 1969 se hb\mSv tImfssWtkj³ k-vIow N«§Ä. 97


12) Irjn¡p]bpàamb kÀ¡mÀ `qan ]Xn¨psImSp¡p¶Xn\p th­nbpÅ 1970 se N«§Ä. 13) skänÂsaâ v k- v I ow A\pkcn¨v ]«bw \ÂIp¶Xn\p th­nbpÅ 1970 se N«§Ä 14) 1971 se tImþHm¸tdäohv tImfssWtkj³ k-vIow N«§Ä. 15) 1974 se \n£n]v X h\`qan ]Xn¨p tImSp¡p¶Xns\ kw_Ôn¨pÅ N«§Ä. 16) 1.1.1977 \p ap¼pff h\`qan IpSntbäw {Ias¸Sp¯Â {]tXyI N«§Ä, 1993 17) 1995 se ap\nkn¸Â / tImÀ¸tdj³ {]tZi§fnse `qan]Xnhv N«§Ä (2) taep²cn¨ hnhn[ Xcw N«§Ä C¶pw \nehneps­¦nepw ]©mb¯v {]tZi§fn 1964 se `qan ]Xnhp N«§f\pkcn¨pw ap\nkn¸Â, tImÀ¸tdj³ {]tZi§fn 1995 se ]Xnhv N«§f\pkcn¨pamWv IqSpX `qanbpw ]Xn¨psImSp¡p¶Xv. Icw ]Xnbm¯Xpw ]Xn¨psImSp¡mhp¶Xpamb kÀ¡mÀ hI `qan AÀlXbpÅhÀ¡v ]Xn¨p sImSpt¡­Xpw A¯cw ]Xnhp `qanbn Icw Npa¯n kÀ¡mcntebv¡v apXÂIqt«­Xpw dh\yq DtZymKØcpsS apJy NpaXebmIp¶p. 153. ]XnhvenÌvþ `qan ]XnhptPmen XzcnXs¸Sp¯p¶Xn\v Hmtcm hntÃPnepw ]Xn¨psImSp¡p¶Xn\v A\ptbmPyambXpw ]Xn¨psImSp¡mhp¶Xpamb kÀ¡mÀ hI `qanIfpsS Hcp enÌv X¿mdm¡n kq£nt¡­XmWv. PnÃmIfIvSÀ AwKoIcn¨v e`yam¡p¶ Cu ]«nIsb ]Xnhv enÌv F¶v Adnbs¸Sp¶p. Cu enÌn DÄs¸Sp¯nbn«pÅ GsX¦nepw `qan ]n¡me¯v GsX¦nepw kÀ¡mÀ Bhiy§Ät¡m s]mXp Bhiy§Ät¡m th­nh¶m B `qan enÌn \n¶pw \o¡w sNbvXpw ]Xn¨psImSp¡phm³ A\ptbmPyamb ]pXnb `qan e`ysa¦n enÌn Iq«nt¨À¡p¶Xn\pff \S]SnIÄ kzoIcn¨pw {]kvXpX enÌv Gähpw \ho\amb coXnbn kq£nt¡­Xv hntÃPv DtZymKØcpsS ISabmIp¶p. 154. ]Xnhnsâ kz`mhw, hyhØIÄ, ap³KW\ F¶nhþ (1) kz´w Irjn Bhiy¯nt\m `h\ \nÀ½mW¯nt\m Ab `qanbpsS KpWIcamb A\p`h¯nt\m (s_\n^njy F³tPmbv s aâ v ) th­n ]©mb¯v {]tZi§fn 1964se N«§Ä {]Imchpw `h\\nÀ½mWw, I¨hS Øew Asæn aäp hmWnPy]ctam [À½]ctam Bb Imcy§Ä¡p th­n ap\nkn¸Â tImÀ¸tdj³ Gcnbbn 1995 se N«§Ä {]Imchpw kÀ¡mÀ `qan ]Xn¨psImSp¡mhp¶XmWv. F¶m kÀ¡mÀ Bhiy¯n\pw s]mXp Bhiy§Ä¡pw th­n \o¡nh¨n«pff kÀ¡mÀ `qan bmsXmcp ImcWhimepw ]Xn¨psImSp¡phm³ ]mSpÅXÃ. GsXÃmw Xc¯nepÅ `qanbmWv s]mXp


Bhiy§Ä¡pth­nb pw kÀ¡mÀ Bhiy§Ä¡pth­nbpw \o¡n hbvt¡­sX¶v 1964 se `qan ]Xnhp N«¯nsâ N«w 11(2)epw 1995 N«¯nsâ N«w 6(2)epw hnhcn¨n«p­v. (2) ap³KW\ \ÂtI­hn`mK§Ä þ ssIhi`qansb kw_Ôn¨nSt¯mfw \S¸p]m«ambmepw, Imemh[n Ignª ]m«ambmepw, Bt£]clnXamb It¿äambmepw 1þ8þ1971 \v ap¼v ssIhiw e`n¨ Hcp hyànbv¡v `qan ]Xnhn\p ap³KW\ \ÂtI­XmWv.F¶m It¿ä¡mc\p DSaØmhImiamtbm, Øncw \S¸hImiamtbm ssIhiapÅ `qan \nÀ±nã ]cn[nbv¡p Xmsg Bbncn¡Ww. ssIhianÃm¯ `qansb kw_Ôn¨nSt¯mfw kz´w `qanbnÃm¯hcpw kz´w IpSpw_¯nsâ hmÀjnI hcpam\w Hcpe£w cq]bn Ihnbm¯hcpamb At]£ IÀ ¡v ap³KW\ \ Ip ¶XmWv . ssIhianà m¯ `qan ]Xn¨psImSp¡pt¼mÄ Ccp]¯©p iXam\w ]«nIPmXnþ]«nItKm{X hÀ¤¡mÀ¡pw ]¯p iXam\w hnapà `S·mÀ¡pw th­n kwhcWw sNt¿­XmWv. `qan ]Xn¨psImSp ¡p hm³ ap ³K W\ \ÂtI­p ¶XmÀs¡ÃmamsW¶p 7þmw N«¯n hnhcn¨n«p­v. 155. ]Xnhv `qanbpsS ]cn[nþ (1) Irjnbmhiywþ Hmtcm IpSpw_¯n\pw ]camh[n ]Xn¨psImSp¡mhp¶ `qanbpsS hnkvXoÀ®¯n\p Xmsg ]dbpw {]Imcw ]cn[n \nÝbn¨n«p­v.

Irjn¡pth­n (F) ssIhianÃm¯ `qan

kaXe {]tZi§fnÂ

Ip¶n³{]tZi§fnÂ

Htc¡À (40.47 BÀ) \©\netam (]pcbnStam) ]p© \netam (hbtem)

Htc¡À \©\new Asæn aqt¶¡À (1.2141 slÎÀ) ]p© \new

(_n) kz´w tZlÞanÃm¯ ssIhi`qan

Htc¡À (40.47 BÀ) \©\netam (]pcbnStam) ]p© \netam (hbtem)

(kn) kz´w tZlÞapÅ ssIhi`qan

ct­¡À (80.94 BÀ) ct­¡À \©\new \©tbm ]p©tbm Asæn \mte¡À (1.6188 slÎÀ) ]p© \new 99

Htc¡À \©\new Asæn aqt¶¡À (1.2141 slÎÀ) ]p© \new


hniZoIcWw: GsXÃmw Xmeq¡pIfnsebpw hntÃPpIfnsebpw `qanbmWv Ip¶n³]pdambn IcptX­sX¶v 1964 se `qan ]Xnhv N«§fnse N«w 5(2)  {]Xn]mZn¨n«pffXmWv. (2) `h\ \nÀ½mW Bhiywþ Hmtcm IpSpw_¯n\pw ]camh[n ]Xn¨psImSp¡mhp¶ `qanbpsS hnkvXoÀ®¯n\v Xmsg ]dbpw {]Imcw ]cn[n \nÝbn¨n«p­v. {Kma ]©mb¯v 6.07 BÀ

ap\nkn¸menän

tImÀ¸tdj³

4.05 BÀ

2.02 BÀ

(3) Ab hkvXphnsâ KpWIcamb A\p`h¯n\pth­n ]camh[n ]Xn¨psImSp¡mhp¶ `qanbpsS hnkvXoÀ®w Xmsg ]dbpw {]ImcamWv. {Kma ]©mb¯v 6.07 BÀ

ap\nkn¸menän 2.02 BÀ

tImÀ¸tdj³ 1.21 BÀ

(4) At]£ kaÀ¸n¡p¶ IpSpw_¯n\v DSaØmhImiapÅ GsX¦nepw kz´w `qantbm Øncw \S¸hImiapÅ ssIhi`qantbm DÅ ]£w ]Xn¨psImSp ¡p ¶ `q anbp sS hnkv X oÀ ®w tae p²cn¨ ]c n[n A[nIcn¡mXncn¡phm³ th­n B\p]mXnIambn ]cnanXs¸Spt¯­XmWv.Hcp IpSpw_¯n\v ]camh[n ]Xn¨psImSp¡mhp¶ `qanbpsS hnkv X oÀ®w \nPs¸Sp¯p¶Xn\p th­n {]kv X pX IpSpw_¯nse Xeh\pw Hmtcm IpSpw_mwK¯n\pw kz´ambpw Iq«mbpw DSaØmhImitam Øncw \S¸hImitam DÅ sam¯w `qanbpsS hnkv XoÀ®w IW¡nseSp¡Ww. CXntebv ¡ pth­n At]£ kaÀ¸n¡p¶ IpSpw_¯nse AwK§Ä¡v Iq«mtbm kz´amtbm ]Xn¨psImSp¯n«pÅ `qanbpsS hnkv X oÀ®hpw IW¡nseSpt¡­Xp­v. IpSpw_mwK§Ä¡v hyàn]camtbm Iq«mtbm ]Xn¨psImSp¯n«pÅ `qan B IpSpw_¯n\p sam¯ambn ]Xn¨p sImSp¯Xmbpw Ip Sp w_ ¯nse GsX¦nep w Hc wK w A\[nIr Xamb n It¿d n ssIhiwsh¨pt]mcp¶ `qan IpSpw_¯nsâ sam¯w ssIhi`qanbmbpw IcptX­XmIp¶p. 156. At]£ kaÀ¸n¡p¶ IpSpw_¯n\p ssIhiapÅ `qan taep²cn¨ ]cn[nbn Ihnbp¶Xmbmepw A{]Imcw an¨apÅ `qan It¼mfhne CuSm¡nbtijw {]kvXpX IpSpw_¯n\v ]Xn¨p sImSp¡mhp¶XmWv. F¶m IpSpw_¯n\v ]m«amtbm \S¸mhImiamtbm ssIhiapÅ `qanbpsSbpw ]Xn¨psImSp¡p¶ `qanbpsSbpw hnkvXoÀ®w Iq«nt¨À¯m `q]cnjv¡cW \nba¯n hyhØ sNbvXn«pÅ `q]cn[nbn A[nIcn¡m³ ]mSpÅXÃ.


ssIhi`qan F¶XpsIm­v AÀ°am¡p¶Xv 1.8.1971 \p ap³]mbn ssIhiw h¨pt]m¶n«pff `qan F¶mWv. 157. A\ym[o\w kw_Ôn¨ hyhØIÄþ `qan ]Xnhv N«§f\pkcn¨v ]Xn¨psImSp ¡p ¶ `q an ] mc ¼c y hnt[bhpw (slcn«_ nÄ) A\ym[o\s¸Sp¯mhp¶Xpw (Fen\_nÄ) BIp¶p. F¶m ssIhianÃm¯ `qanbmWv ]Xn¨psImSp¡p¶sX¦n B `qan 1964 N«§Ä {]Imctam 1995 N«§Ä {]Imctam ]Xn¨psImSp¡p¶ ]£w ]{´­v hÀjt¯¡v A\ym[n\s¸ Sp ¯p hm³ ]mSp ÅXÃ. ] t£ ImÀ jnI hmbv] e`n¡p¶Xn\pth­n `qan kÀ¡mcntebvt¡m klIcW Øm]\§fntebvt¡m dºÀ t_mÀUntebvt¡m äo t_mÀUntebvt¡m ]Wbs¸Sp¯mhp¶XmIp¶p. 8(3)- m w N«¯n hnhcn¨n«pÅ kmlNcy§fn ]Xnhv d±v sN¿m³ kÀ¡mcn\[nImcap­v. ]«bw \ÂIp¶Xn\p ap¼mbn At]£Icn \n¶pw Xdhne, XSnhne, kÀsh NmÀPv. UnamÀt¡j³ NmÀPv, Ic¡pSnÈnI F¶nh kÀ¡mÀ AXmXpIme§fn \nÝbn¡p¶ \nc¡n CuSmt¡­XmWv. 158. ]Xnht]£þ (1) tX¡v, Cu«n, Icnacw (F_Wn), Nµ\w, F¶o hr£§Ä ]mIamb XmsW¦n It¼mfhne CuSm¡nb tijw At]£ I\v ]Xn¨psImSp ¡p Itbm tee ¯n hn¡pItb m sN¿mhp ¶XmWv . ]mIamIm¯ hr£amsW¦n Ah ]mIamIp¶Xphsc kwc£nt¡­XmWv. Ab `qanbpsS KpWIcamb A\p h¯n\pth­n `qan ]Xn¨psImSp¡pt¼mÄ `qanbv¡v It¼mfhne CuSmt¡­XmWv. ]«nIPmXn ]«nItKm{XhÀ¤¡mÀ Xdhnebpw kÀsh NmÀPpIfpw Ic¡pSnÈnIbpw HSpt¡­XnÃ. F¶m XSnhne HSpt¡­XmWv. `qan ]Xnhn\p th­nbpÅ At]£IÄ \nÀ±nã ^md¯n A©p cq] tImÀ«p^okv ap{ZklnXw XlkoÂZmÀt¡m `qan ]Xnhn\pth­n hntijm \ntbmKn¨n«pÅ kvs]jy XlknÂZmÀt¡m kaÀ¸nt¡­XmWv. ]«nIPmXn ]«nItKm{XhÀ¤¡mcpsSbpw ]«mf¯n tkh\w A\pjv T n¡p¶hcpsSbpw At]£Ifn tImÀ«v ^o Ìm¼v ]Xnt¡­XnÃ. 159. AÀlXbpsS am\ZÞwþ At]£ kaÀ¸n¡p¶ IpSpw_¯n\v `qan ]Xn¨pIn«p¶Xn\pÅ AÀlXbpsS am\ZÞw ssIhiw e`n¨ Imehpw ssIhi `qanb psS hnkvXo À®hp w Ip Sp w_ ¯nsâ hmÀ jnI hcpam\hpamsS¶Xn\m ssIhi `qanbpsS hnkvXoÀ®hpambXn\m Cu hnhc§Ä At]£bn hyàambn tcJs¸Sp¯nbn«pt­m F¶pw, At]£mI£n At]£bnepw At]£tbmsSm¸apÅ hcpam\s¯ ImWn¡p¶ {]Jym]\¯nepw Is¿m¸p tcJs¸Sp¯nbn«pt­m F¶pw ]cntim[nt¡­XmWv. \yq\XbpÅ At]£ sXäpIÄ Xncp¯p¶Xn\pth­n DS³Xs¶ I£n¡v aSt¡­XpamIp¶p. At]£ {Ia¯nemsW¶p t_m²yambm AXv dnt¸mÀ«n\pth­n _Ôs¸« hntÃPm^okÀ¡v 101


Ab¨psImSp¡p¶p. Hmtcm hntÃPm^oknepw \nÀ±nã ^md¯n Hcp cPnÌÀ kq£nt¡­Xpw dnt¸mÀ«n\pth­n Xmeq¡m^okn \n¶pw e`n¡p¶ `qan ]Xnhn\pth­nbpÅ At]£IÄ Ah In«p¶ apdbv¡v {]kvXpX cPnÌdn tNÀt¡­XpamIp¶p. At]£bn tcJs¸Sp¯nbn«pÅ hnhc§sf¡pdn¨v hniZamb At\zjW§Ä \S¯n At]£ hntÃPm^okn e`n¡p¶ Znhkw apX 15 Znhk¯n\Iw XlknÂZmÀ¡v dnt¸mÀ«v t_m[n¸n¡p¶Xn\v hntÃPm^okÀ _m²yØ\mIp¶p. 160. ]Xn ht]£bn t·epff hntÃPv Hm^okdpsS dnt¸mÀ «v þ (1) hntÃPm^okdpsS dnt¸mÀ«n ]Xn¨psImSp¡p¶Xn\p]bpàamb `qanbpsS e`yX, `qan ]Xn¨pIn«p¶Xn\pth­nbpÅ At]£mI£nbpsS tbmKyX, ssIhi`qanb msW¦n ssIhi¯nsâ kz`mhhp w Imeb fhpw , ssIhi¡mcsâ tZlÞ§Ä F¶nhsb¡pdn¨pff hniZamb hnhc§Ä DÄs¡mffn¨ncn¡Ww. IqSmsX At]£bn ImWn¨n«pÅ FÃm hnhc§fpw icnbmtWmsb¶pw dnt¸mÀ«n tcJs¸Spt¯­XmWv. hntÃPm^okÀ ]Xnhn\mkv ] Zamb `qanbpsS Hcp kv s I¨pw (kuIcyamb tXmXnÂ) k_vUnhnj³ tÌävsaâpw alÊdpw IqSn X¿mdmt¡­XmWv. At]£ I£nbpsS hcpam\w, ssIhi`qanbpsS hnkvXoÀ®w F¶nhbpsS \nPØnXn Dd¸phcp¯p¶Xn\pth­n hntÃPm^okÀ I£nbn \n¶pw Hcp tÌävsaâ v hm§pItbm I£nbp sS samgn tcJs¸Sp¯pItbm sNt¿­XmWv . ]Xnhn\mkv]Zamb `qan, `qkwc£W \nbaa\pkcn¨pff GsX¦nepw tIkntem ap³ ]m«¯ntem/ Ip¯I ]m«¯ntem DÄs¸«n«pffXmbm _Ôs¸« tIkv ^bepw Ip¯I]m«w ^bepw (Ah hntÃPm^okn e`yamsW¦nÂ) `qan ]Xnhv ^bent\mSpIqSn tNÀt¡­Xpw Ah Xmeq¡m^okneps­¶p t_m²yambm hnhcw dnt¸mÀ«n ]cmaÀint¡­XpamIp¶p. ]Xnhn\mkv]Zamb `qansb kw_Ôn¨v hntÃPm^okÀ X¿mdm¡p¶ alÊdn NphsS tNÀ¡p¶ hnhc§Ä AS§nbncnt¡­XmWv. (1) hntÃPv (2) kÀsh \¼À (3) hnkvXoÀ®w (4) AXncpIÄ (5) ssIhi¡mcsâ t]cpw taÂhnemkhpw (6) ssIhi¡mcsâ ap³ taÂhnemkw (7) ssIhi¯nsâ kz`mhw (8) ssIhi¡mcsâ sXmgn (9) IpSpw_¯nsâ {]Xnamk hcpam\w (10) IpSpw_¯nse AwK§fpsS F®w (11) At]£I\pÄs¸sSbpff IpSpw_¯nse AwK§fpsS ]Xnhmbpw ]m«ambpwBsIbpff `qan.


(12) At]£I³ ]«nIPmXnþ]«nItKm{XhÀ¤¯nÂs¸« hyànbmtWmsb¶ hnhcw (13) `qan ]Xn¨psImSp¡mhp¶ `qanIfpsS ]«nIbnÂs¸«XmtWmsb¶ hnhcw (14) tZlÞ hnhc§Ä (15) {]thiIsâ X\Xp Nab§Ä (16) hr£ hnhc§Ä ({Ia \¼À, C\w, s]m¡w, h®w, hne) (2) dnt¸mÀ«ns\m¸w DÅS¡w sNt¿­ tcJIÄ:þ (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8)

`qan ]Xnhn\pth­nbpff At]£ hntÃPm^okdpsS dnt¸mÀ«v kvsI¨v alÊÀ At]£ I£nbpsS samgn/ tÌäpsaâ v skänÂsaâ v cPnÌdnsâ FI-vkv{SmÎv k_vUnhnj³ tÌävsaâ v `qkwc£W\nba¯n\p hnt[bamb tIkv ^bÂ/ Ip¯I]m«w ^bÂ

161. ]Xnhv D¯chmbtijapff \S]SnIÄþ (1) At]£ I£nbv¡v `qan ]Xn¨psImSp¡phm³ D¯chmbm D¯chnsâ aq¶p {]Xn X¿mdm¡n Hcp {]Xn hntÃPv B ^okÀ¡v Ab¨psImSp ¡p¶Xmbnc n¡pw. H mtcm hntÃPm^oknepw kÀ¡mÀ hI `qan ]Xn¨psImSp¡p¶Xns\ kw_Ôn¨pÅ hnhc§Ä tcJs¸Sp¯p¶Xn\v Hcp {]tXyI cPnÌÀ kq£nt¡­Xpw `qan ]Xnhv D¯chpIÄ Ah e`n¡p¶ apdbv¡v cPnÌdn tNÀt¡­XpamIp¶p. XocpImc³ (Assk\n) kÀ¡mcnte¡v ASbv t ¡­ XSnhne HSp¡m³ hnk½Xn¡p¶]£w ]Xnhp `qanbnse 90 skâoaoädn IqSpX NpäfhpÅ (137 skâoanäÀ Dbc¯nÂ) hr£§Ä tee¯n hn¡mhp¶XmWv . XocpImc³ kwJy apgph³ HSp¡nbm \nÀ±nã ^md¯n ]«bw \ÂtI­Xpw ]«b¯nsâ ]IÀ¸v hntÃPm^okÀ¡v Ab¨psImSpt¡­XpamWv. kwhcWw sNt¿­ hr£hnhc§Ä ]«b¯n tcJs¸Sp¯nbncn¡Ww. ]«b¯nsâ ]IÀ¸v In«nbmepS³ Xs¶ hntÃPm^okÀ ]XnhpImcsâ t]cn {]tXyIw X­t¸À ]nSnt¡­Xpw kwhcWw sNt¿­ hr£ hnhcw \nÀ±nã cPnÌdn tNÀt¡­XpamWv. (2) ]«bw \ÂIn¡gnªm XlknÂZmÀ `qan ]Xnhv ^ben \n¶pw kvsI¨v, ASnØm\ `q\nIpXnv cPnÌdnsâ FI-vkv{SmÎv, k_vUnhnj³ tÌäpsaâ v F¶nhbpsS Hmtcm {]Xnbpw \o¡w sNt¿­Xpw ]pXnb k_v Unhnj³ tIkpIfpsS cPnÌdn tNÀ¯v Xmeq¡v kÀshbsds¡m­v k_vUnhnj³ 103


dn¡mÀUpIÄ X¿mdm¡nt¡­XpamWv. C{]Imcw X¿mdm¡p¶ k_v Unhnj³ dn¡mÀUv kÀsh kq{]­n\b¨v AwKoImcw e`n¨p Ignªm Xmeq¡nsebpw, hntÃPnsebpw _Ôs¸« dn¡mÀUpIfn amäw hcpt¯­Xpw A{]Imcw amäw hcp¯nb hnhcw hntÃPv B^okÀ XlknÂZmÀ¡v dnt¸mÀ«v sNt¿­XpamWv. 162. kÀ¡mÀ hI `qan ]m«¯n\p sImSp¡p¶Xns\ kw_Ôn¨pÅ \S]Sn{Ia§Äþ kÀ¡mÀ Bhiy§Ä¡pth­n DSs\ D]tbmKanÃm¯ Kh¬saâ v `qan tee¯n hnfn¡msX Xs¶ 1964 se `qan ]Xnhp N«§Ä A\pkcn¨pw 1995 se ap³kn¸Â /tImÀ¸tdj³ {]tZi§fnse `qan ]Xnhv N«§Ä A\pkcn¨pw ]m«¯n\v sImSp¡mhp¶XmWv. 1964 se tIcf `qan ]Xnhv N«w 13 {]Imcw Xmsg ]dbp¶ Bhiy§Ä¡v `qan ]m«¯n\v \ÂImhp¶XmWv. 1) ] «nIP mXn ]« nItK m{XhÀ¤ ¡mÀ¡pw aäp kap Zmb¯ n s¸ « AKXnIfmbhcpsSbpw IpSpw_¯n\v Irjn¡p th­n 3 G¡À hsc `qan 2 hÀj¯n IqSmsXbpÅ Imebfhntebv¡v XlkoÂZmÀ¡v ]m«¯n\v \ÂImhp¶XmWv. (N«w 14(1) ) 2)Ab `qanbpsS KpWIcamb D]tbmK¯n\mbn 50 skâ v hsc 2 hÀj¯n IqSmsXbpÅ Imebfhntebv ¡ v XlknÂZmÀ¡v ]m«¯n\v \ÂImhp¶XmWv. (N«w 14 (2) ) F¶m P·mhImiapÅ `qanbpsS ssIhiw CÃmXmIpt¼mÄ ]m«¯nt·epÅ AhImihpw CÃmXmhp¶XmWv. 3) kÀ¡mÀ AwKoIcn¨ ]²XnIÄ¡v 5 G¡À hsc 5 hÀj¯n IqSmsXbpÅ Imebfhntebv¡v XlknÂZmÀ¡pw 10 G¡À hsc 10 hÀj¯n IqSmsXbpÅ Imebfhntebv¡v dh\yq UnhnjW Hm^okÀ¡pw 20 hÀj¯n IqSmsXbpÅ Imebfhntebv¡v PnÃm IfIvSÀ¡pw ]m«¯n\p \ÂIm³ A[nImcap­v. AXn IqSpXepÅ hnkvXoÀ®¯n\pw Imebfhntebv¡pw kÀ¡mcn\mWv ]m«¯n\v \ÂIp¶Xn\pÅ A[nImcw (N«w 14(3) ).F¶m kÀ¡mÀ D¯chn hnkvXoÀ®¯n\pw Imebfhn\pw ]cn[n \nPs¸Sp¯nbn«ps­¦n B ]cn[n hsc am{Xta A\phZn¡m³ ]mSpÅq. 4)klIc W kw L§Ä¡v Ir jn B hiy¯ n\v 3 G¡À hsc XlknÂZmÀ¡pw, 10 G¡À hsc dh\yq UnhnjW Hm^okÀ¡pw, 20 G¡À hsc PnÃm IfIvSÀ¡pw, 10 hÀj¯n IqSmsXbpÅ Imebfhnte¡v ]m«¯n\v \ÂImhp¶XmWv. IqSpXembn th­n hcp¶ tIkpIfn kÀ¡mÀ A\paXn BhiyamWv. (N«w 14(4) 5)kt½f\§Ä, taf, DÕh§Ä, kÀ¡kv, \mSIw, {]ZÀi\w F¶nh \S¯p¶Xn\v sjUpIÄ, ]´epIÄ F¶nh \nÀ½n¡p¶Xn\v,


NIncn ]qgv¯n hbv¡pI, hkvXp¡Ä tiJcn¨v hbv¡pI, ss]¸v sse³ CSpI, tdmUcnIn Nhn«p]Sn \nÀ½n¡pI, Xm¡menI ]oSnIIÄ hbv¡pI, s]t{SmÄ _¦v Øm]n¡pI, IfnØe§Ä D­m¡pI, F¶o Bhiy§Ä¡p th­n 3 hÀj¯n IqSmsXbpÅ Imebfhntebv¡v _Ôs¸« A[nImcnIÄ¡v eokn\v A\phZn¨v \ÂImhp¶XmWv . F¶m kn\na \S¯p¶Xn\v ]m«¯n\v \ÂIp¶Xn\pÅ A[nImcw kÀ¡mcn\mWv. N«w (14(5) ). 163. t]mÀ«v A[o\XbnepÅ Øew ]m«¯n\p sImSp¡p¶Xvþ \mhnI Imcy§Ä¡Ãm¯ Bhiy§Ä¡v t]mÀ«v A[o\XbnepÅ Øew t]mÀ«v A[nImcnIfpsS A\paXntbmSp IqSn 3 G¡À hscbpÅ `qan 2 hÀjt¯bv¡v XlknÂZmÀ¡pw 5 G¡À hscbpÅ `qan 5 hÀjt¯bv¡v dh\yq UnhnjW Hm^kÀ¡pw, 10 G¡À hscbpÅ `qan 10 hÀjt¯bv¡v PnÃm IfIvSÀ¡pw ]m«¯nt\m, ssek³knt\m sImSp¡mhp¶XmWv. asäÃm tIknepw ]m«tam sse k³tkm A\phZn¡p hm\p Å A[nImc w em³Uv dh\yq I½ojWÀ¡mbncn¡pw (N«w 14 (6). 164. ]m«w d±v sN¿p¶Xvþ ]m«¯nt\m, ssek³knt·tem sImSp¯ `qan kÀ¡mÀ Bhiy¯nt\m s]mXp Bhiy¯nt\m th­nhcnIbmsW¦n ]Xn¨p In«nb hyànbv¡v 60 Znhks¯ tcJmaqew t\m«okv \ÂInb tijw A\p hZn¨ A[nImcnIÄ¡v ]m«tam ssek³tkm d±v sN¿mhp¶XmWv. F¶m ]m«hyhØ ewLn¨m 15 Znhks¯ t\m«okv sImSp¯n«v ]Xnhv d±v sN¿mhp¶XmWv. N«w 15(4). `qan GXv Bhiy¯n\mtWm \ÂInbn«pÅXv B Bhiy¯n\v 6 amkw hsc D]tbmKn¡msX h¶m Sn `qan GsäSp¯v tÌäv em³Uv _m¦n DÄs¸Sp¯mhp¶XmWv. 165. Øm]\§Ä¡v `qan ]m«¯n\p \ÂIp¶Xvþ 27þ-07-þ11 se Pn.H.(Fw.Fkv)

\w. 280/2011/BÀ.Un. \¼À D¯chv {]Imcw hmWnPymhiy¯n\mbn `qan ]m«¯n\v \ÂIp¶ ]camh[n Imemh[n 10 hÀjhpw, {]mYanI Bhiy§fmb kvIqÄ, Bip]{Xn apXembhbv¡mbn `qan ]m«¯n\v \ÂIp¶Xnsâ ]camh[n Imemh[n 30 hÀjhpw BWv . FÃm Øm]\§Ä¡pw `qan eokn\v \ÂIp¶Xn\pÅ A[nImcw kÀ¡mcn \n£n]vXamWv. 166. CuSmt¡­ ]m« \nc¡pIÄþ Sn N«§Ä {]Imcw `qantbm, Ahbnse ac§tfm eoknt\m, ssek³knt\m \ÂIpt¼mÄ CuSmt¡­ \nc¡pIÄ kw_Ôn¨v kÀ¡mÀ ImemIme§fn D¯chv ]pds¸Sphn¡p¶XmWv . \nehn {]_eyapÅ Pn.H (Fw.Fkv) \w. 96/2016/BÀ.Un. XobXn. 06þ-02þ-16

105


{]ImcapÅ \nc¡pIfmWv CuSmt¡­Xv. tNÀ¡p¶p)

(]IÀ¸v A\p_Ôwþ9 Bbn

167. 1995 se ap³kn¸Â tImÀ¸tdj³ {]tZi§fnse `qan ]Xnhv N«w 12 {]Imcw

kÀ¡mcnt\m s]mXp Bhiy¯nt\m DS³ D]tbmKanÃm¯ `qanIÄ N«w 12(5)  {]Xn] mZ n¡p¶ B hiy§Ä¡mb n hyànIÄ¡v 3 hÀj¯n A[nIcn¡msXbpÅ Imebfhntebv¡v PnÃm IfIvSÀ¡v eokn\v A\phZn¨v \ÂImhp¶XmWv. ap¼v \nehnep­mbncp¶ GsX¦nepw N«§Ä/D¯chv {]Imcw ssIhiw h¨p hcp¶Xpw Imemh[n XoÀ¶Xpamb tIkpIfn \nÀ®bn¡s¸« IpSnÈnI H¶mbn HSp¡pItbm 1957 se tIcf `qkwc£W \nba{]ImcapÅ \ntcm[\¡cw HSp¡pItbm sNbvXXn\p tijw eokv ]pXp¡n \ÂImhp¶XmWv. C{]Imcw eokv ]pXp¡n/A\phZn¨v \ÂIm¯ FÃm tIkpIfnepw eokv d±m¡nbXmbn IW¡mt¡­Xpw Sn `qanIfpsS kwc£W NpaXe hntÃPm^okÀ¡pw hntÃPv DtZymKØÀ¡pw Bbncn¡p¶XpamWv. {Ku­v sdâ v/ssek³kv F¶o t]cpIfn \ÂInbn«pÅ FÃm ]m« `qanIfpw eo kv hyhØb psS Io gn  hc p¶ Xp w CXn\v 01 - þ 04 þ- 1 9 97 apX {]m_eyapÅXpamWv. 168. aäp hIp¸pIÄ¡p IognepÅ `qanIÄ eokn\v A\phZn¡p¶Xvþ CXc

hIp¸n\v IognepÅ `qanIÄ eokn\v A\phZn¡p¶ kµÀ`¯n _Ôs¸« hIp¸pIfpsS A\paXn]{Xw \nÀ_Ôambpw hm§nbncnt¡­XmWv . Ø m] \§Ä¡v ]m«¯ n\v \ Ip ¶Xn\pÅ D ¯c hv kÀ¡mc mWv ]pds¸Sphn¡p¶Xv. Øm]\§Ä¡v ]m«w \ÂIpt¼mÄ Pn.H (]n) 281/11/BÀ.Un XobXn 17-þ06þ11 D¯chv {]Imcw Ìm¼v t]¸dn F{Knsaâ v hbvt¡­Xpw BbXv ImemIme§fn ]men¡p¶pt­msb¶v Dd¸mt¡­XpamWv. 169. ]m«w ]pXp¡n \ÂIp¶Xvþ ]m«w ]pXp¡n \ÂIp¶Xpambn _Ôs¸«v

]m«`qanbpsS hne \nÀ®bn¡p¶Xn\v \nÀ±njvS ]m«`qanbpambn tNÀ¶v InS¡p¶ ]«b hkvXp¡fpsS \ymbhnebpsS Cc«n amÀ¡äv hnebmbn IW¡m¡n ]m«¯pI \nÀ®bn¡mhp¶XmWv. (Pn.H. (Fw.Fkv) 174/2011/dh\yq XobXn 02þ-05þ-11) hnhn[ Bhiy§Ä¡mbn eokn\v A\phZn¡pt¼mÄ amÀ¡äv hnebpsS ASnØm\¯n CuSmt¡­ eokv XpI N«w 12(5) {]Imcw kÀ¡mÀ ImemIme§fn \nÀ®bn¨v hnÚm]\w sN¿p¶XmWv . \nehn {]m_eyapÅ \nc¡pIfpsS hnÚm]\¯nsâ ]IÀ¸v A\p_Ôwþ 9 Bbn tNÀ¯ncn¡p¶p. 170. Hmtcm Bhiy¯n\p th­n kÀ¡mÀ `qan ]m«¯n\v sImSp¡p¶Xn\v A\phmZw \ÂIm³ A[nImcs¸Sp¯nbn«pÅ DtZymKس BcmsW¶pw ]m«¯nsâ Imemh[n F{XImet¯¡mbncn¡Wsa¶pw, `qan ]Xnhp N«§fnse ]Xn\memw N«¯n {]Xn]mZn¨n«p­v. `qan ]m«¯n\p sImSp¡pt¼mÄ


AXne pÅ hr£ §Ä IqSn DÄs¸ Sp ¯ntb m Aà msXtbm ] m« w A\phZn¡mhp¶XmWv. `qanbpw, hr£§fpw thÀXncn¨v {]tXyIw {]tXyIambn ]m«w A\phZn¡mw. ]m«¡mc³, kÀ¡mÀ ImemIme§fn \nÝbn¡p¶ \nc¡n ]m«w HSpt¡­XmWv. ]m«¡mc³ Hcp hÀjs¯ ]m«¯n\p Xpeyamb kwJy Pmay¯pIbmbn ap³IqÀ HSpt¡­XmWv. \nehnepÅ ]m« \nc¡v A\p_Ôwþ 9 Bbn tNÀ¯ncn¡p¶p. 171. hr£§Ä tee¯n hn¡p¶Xvþ kÀ¡mÀ hI `qanbnse hr£§Ä ImemIme§fn hnäv kÀ¡mc nteb v ¡ v ap X Iq t« ­Xv dh\yq DtZymKØ·mcpsS ISabmIp¶p. hr£§Ä ]g¡wsN¶p Ignªm Ah \in¨p \ãs¸SmXncn¡m\pw bYmkabw Ahsb apdn¨pamän tee¯n hn¡m\pw hntÃPv DtZymKØ·mÀ \S]SnIÄ FSpt¡­XmWv. `qan, ]Xnhp hm§nb XodpImc³ (Assk\n) XSnhnesbmSp¡m³ hogvN hcp¯p¶Xmbm ]Xnhp`qanbnse hr£§Ä apdn¨pamän tee¯n hnäv kÀ¡mcntebv¡vapX Iqt«­Xpw hntÃPv DtZymKØ·mcpsS NpaXebmIp¶p. kÀ¡mÀ `qanbnse GsX¦nepw hr£§Ä s]mXpXm¸cy§Ät¡m kpc£nXXz¯nt\m lm\nIcamsW¶p t_m²yambm A¯cw hr£§sfbpw apdn¨pamän hn¡mhp¶XmWv. kÀ¡mÀ `qanbnse ]«pt]mb hr£§fpw ImäpsIm­v IS]pgIn hoW hr£§fpw \in¨p \ãs¸«p t]mImsX Ahsb bYmkabw tee¯n hnÂt¡­Xpw hntÃPv DtZymKØ·mcpsS ISabmIp¶p. 172. alkÀ X¿mdm¡Wsa¶vþ hr£§Ä tee¯n hn¡p¶Xn\p ap¼mbn hntÃPm^okÀ hn¡m\pt±in¡p¶ Hmtcm hr£¯nsâbpw aXn¸phne ImWn¡p¶ Hcp FÌntaäpw alÊdpw X¿mdmt¡­Xp­v . C{]Imcw X¿mdm¡p¶ alÊdn hr£¯nsâ C\w, Afhv, KpWw F¶o hnhc§fpw XSn GXp {]Imc¯n KpWIcambn D]tbmKn¡msa¶pw It¼mf¯n hnäm AXn\v Dt±iw F´phne e`n¡psa¶pw tcJs¸Sp¯nbncn¡Ww. hntÃPv B^okÀ X¿mdm¡p¶ FÌntaäpw alÊdpw A\´cw XlknÂZmÀ¡v kaÀ¸nt¡­XpamWv . XSnbpsS aXn¸phne 50 cq]bn Ihnbp¶]£w XlknÂZmtcm, sU]yq«n XlknÂZmtcm XSn t\cn ]cntim[n¨v alÊdn tcJs¸Sp¯nbn«pÅ hnhc§Ä icnbmtWmsb¶v t\mt¡­Xpw icnbsöv t_ m²yamb m At±l¯ nsâ A`n{]mba\p kc n¨pÅ aXn¸p hne tcJs¸Spt¯­XpamWv . aXn¸phne 200 cq]bn IhnbmXncp¶m XlkoÂZmÀ¡v dh\yq C³kv s ]ÎdpsS ]Zhnbn XmsgbÃm¯ Hcp DtZymKØs\ teew \S¯phm³ A[nImcs¸Sp¯mhp¶XmWv. hr£¯nsâ aXn¸phne \nÝbn¡p¶Xv teew \S¯p¶ DtZymKØ\p teew \S¯p¶Xn\p th­nbpÅ ASnØm\hne (A]vskäv ss{]kv) a\Ênem¡p¶Xn\pth­n am{XamsW¶v hntÃPv DtZymKسamÀ a\Ênem¡nbncnt¡­XmWv . BbXn\m hntÃPm^oktdm sU]yq«n XlknÂZmtcm, XlknÂZmtcm 107


\n Ýb n¡p¶ aXn¸p hne bmsXmc p ImcWhime pw ]¦psImÅp¶hsc [cn¸n¡phm³ ]mSpÅXÃ.

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173. hr£¯nsâ aXn¸phne \nÝbn¡p¶Xvþ hr£¯nsâ aXn¸phne \nÝbnt¡­Xv kÀ¡mÀ ImemIme§fn {]kn²s¸Sp¯p¶ kn\nbtdPv \nc¡ns\ Bkv]Zam¡nbmbncn¡Ww. kmam\yw \Ãhne {]Xo£n¡p¶ Hcp hr£¯nsâ aXn¸phne \nÝbn¡m³ PnÃm h\w hIp¸v ta[mhnbpsSbpw A`n{]mbw Bcmbmhp¶XmWv. XSnbpsS ko\nbtdPv \nc¡v km[mcWbmbn \nÝbn¡p¶Xv `qanbn \n¡p¶ Hcp hr£¯ns\ Bkv]Zam¡nbmWv. AXn\m aXn¸ phne F t¸ mgpw ko\nb td Pv \nc ¡ns\¡mÄ IqSpXembncnt¡­XmWv. ko\nbtdPv \nc¡nt\mSpIqSn Hcp {]oanbhpw Iq«n tNÀ¯mWv aXn¸phne \nÝbn¡pI. 174. kÀ¡mÀ Øm]\§Ä ØnXn sN¿p¶ `qanbpw hr£§fpw ]m«¯n\v \ÂIp¶Xvþ kÀ¡mcm^okpIfpw kÀ¡mÀ _w¥mhpIfpw ØnXnsN¿p¶ ]d¼nepÅ `qanbpw AXnse hr£§fpw ]m«¯n\p sImSp¡p¶Xns\ kw _Ô n¨pÅ N«§Ä 26 þ2 þ1 96 7 se 8 þmw \¼À Kkän {]kn²s¸Sp¯nbn«p­v. (22-2-1697 se kÀ¡mÀ D¯chv (]n) 74/67 dh\yq t\m¡p I) Cu N« §f \p kc n¨v t] me okv A[o\Xb ne Ãm¯ kÀ¡mcm^okpIÄ, _w¥mhpIÄ, KÌv lukv, Sn._n. Iym¼v, sjUv, k{Xw XpS§nb kÀ¡mÀ hI sI«nS§Ä kYnXn sN¿p¶ ]d¼nepÅ `qan `£ y[m\y§Ä Ir jnsN¿p ¶Xn\pth­n hmÀjnImSnØ m\¯n Xm¡menI ]m«¯n\v sImSp¡mhp¶XmWv. ]m«w sImSp¡pt¼mÄ ]m«¯n\v hnt[bamb `qanbnepÅ hr£§fn \n¶pw BZmbw FSp¡p¶Xn\pÅ ]m«mhmImihpw ]m«¡mc\p \ÂImhp¶XmWv. km[mcWbmbn teew \S¯nbmWv ]m«w A\phZn¡p¶Xv . F¶m teew IqSmsX ]m«w A\phZn¡p¶ tIkpIfn ]m«¯pI ]m«¡mc\n \n¶pw ap³Iqdmbn hmt§­XmIp¶p. 175. ]m«¯n\p \ÂIp¶Xn\pÅ A[nImcwþ kÀ¡mcm^okpIÄ ØnXn sN¿p¶ ]d¼pIfpw AXnse hr£§fpw ]m«¯n\psImSp¡p¶Xn\v _Ôs¸« Hm^okv ta[mhn¡pw kÀ¡mÀ hI hmkKrl§Ä ØnXnsN¿p¶ ]d¼pw AXnse hr£§fpw ]m«¯n\p sImSp¡p¶Xn\p _Ôs¸« sI«nS¯nsâ NmÀPv hln¡p¶ s]mXpacma¯v/SqdnÌv hIp¸nse Xmgv¶ KkäUv DtZymKØ\pw A[nImcap­mbncn¡p¶XmWv. Hmtc ]d¼n H¶n IqSpX B^okpIÄ ØnXnsN¿pIbpw Ahbn H¶v dh\yq B^okpw Bbncp¶m B ]d¼nse `qanbpw hr£§fpw ]m«¯n\p \ÂtI­Xv dh\yq B^okv ta[mhnbmWv. F¶ m d h\yq B ^o kv C Ãm¯ kmlNcy¯n PnÃm IfÎÀ A[nImcs¸Sp¯ p¶ GsX¦nep w B^okv ta[mhn¡v ] m« w


A\phZn¡mhp¶XmWv. 176. hr£hne (XSnhne) \nÀ®bn¡p¶Xn\p th­n {i²nt¡­ kwKXnIÄ:þ XSnhne \nÀ®bn¡p¶Xv XSnbpsS Npäfhns\bpw Iyq_nIv Afhns\bpw Bkv ] Zam¡nbmWv . Xd\nc¸n \n¶pw 137 skâoaoäÀ s]m¡¯nepÅ XSn Af¶p t\m¡nbmWv hr£¯nsâ Npäfhv \nÝbnt¡­Xv. Xmbv¯Snbn \n¶pw {][m\s¸« inJcw Xncnbp¶Xp hscbpÅ hr£¯nsâ s]m¡hpw Npäfhpw Xn«s¸Sp¯n¡gnªm Xmsg kqNn¸n¡p¶ kq{Xw (t^mÀape) D]tbmKn¨v XSnbpsS Iyq_nIv Afhv \nÀ®bn¡mhp¶XmWv. 1/4 Npäfhv X 1/4 Npäfhv X s]m¡w (sk.aoäÀ) (sk.aoäÀ) (aoäÀ) þþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþ 100 X 100 177. hr£¯nsâ apIÄ `mKw inJc§fpw h­n¨paSv (ImÀ«v temUv) IW¡m¡n hndIphne \nc¡n {]tXyIw \nÝbnt¡­XmWv. 178. kzImcy hyànIÄ¡pw, I¼\nIÄ¡pw ]m«¯n\p \ÂImhp¶ kÀ¡mÀ `qanbpsS ]cn[nþ kzImcy hyànIÄ¡pw I¼\nIÄ¡pw ]m«¯n\p \ Imhp¶ kÀ ¡mÀ `qanbpsS ] camh[n hnkv X o À®w N«§f n \nÀt±in¨n«p­v. Hcp kzImcyhyàn¡v ]¯v slÎdn IqSpX `qan ]m«¯n\p \ÂIm³ ]mSpÅXÃ. IqSmsX Hcp kzImcy hyànbv¡v ]m«¯n\p \ÂIp¶ `qanbpw ap³ ]m«amtbm ]Xnhmtbm AbmfpsS ssIhiapÅ `qanbpw Iq«nt¨À¯m Ccp] ¯nb©v slÎdn Ihnbm\pw ]mSnÃ. I¼\nIfpsSbpw t^apIfpsSbpw Imcy¯n Hcp ]mÀ«vWÀ¡v ]¯v slÎÀ F¶ \nc¡n ]m«w A\phZn¡mhp¶XmWv. ]s£ ]m«`qanbpsS sam¯w hnkvXoÀ®w \m¸Xp slÎdn A[nIcn¡m³ ]mSpÅXÃ. Hcp I¼\nsb AYhm t^ans\ kw_Ôn¨nSt¯mfw ap³]m«amtbm ]Xnhmtbm B I¼\nbpsS AYhm t^ansâ ssIhiapÅ `qanbpw ]pXpXmbn A\phZn¡p¶ ]m«`qanbpw Iq«nt¨À¯m \qänbncp]Xv slÎdn Ihnbm¯hn[w A\phZn¡p¶ ]m«`qanbpsS hnkv X oÀ®w ]cnanXs¸Spt¯­XmWv . GsX¦nepw Hcp hyànt¡m, Øm]\¯nt\m ]cn[nbn Ihnª `qan ssIhiapÅ ]£w A{]Imcw ssIhiapÅ ]cn[nbn Ihnª `qan kÀ¡mcntebv ¡ v \ncp]m[nIw hn«psImSpt¡­XmWv. 179. ]m«¯pI HSp¡p¶Xvþ ]m«w kzoIcn¡p¶ hyàn \nehnepÅ \nc¡n {]oanbhpw `qan ssIhis¸Sp¯nb XobXn apX hmÀjnI]m«hpw HSp¡m³ _m²yØ\mIp¶p. `qan ssIhis¸Sp¯nb XobXn apX ]m«w A\phZn¡p¶ 109


XobXn hscbpÅ ]m«¡pSnÈnIbpw {]oanbhpw HSp¡nbm am{Xta ]m«w A\phZn¡pIbpÅq. Cu XpI XhWIfmbn HSp¡m³ \nÀ±nã DtZymKØ\v A\paXn \ÂImhp¶XmWv. ]m«¡mc³ ]m«w A\phZn¨ XobXn apX ]m«¯nsâ Imemh[n Xocp¶Xphsc hÀjw tXmdpw HSp¡m\pÅ hmÀjnI]m«w AXmXp hÀjw ap³Iqdmbn HSp¡n ckoXp hm§nbncn¡Ww. KncnhÀ¤¡mÀ¡v kuP\y \nc¡n ]m«w A\phZn¡m³ N«§fn hyhØbp­v. 180. ]m«w d±m¡p¶Xvþ ]m«w ]mc¼cyhnt[bamsW¦nepw PnÃm IfÎdpsS A\phmZw hm§msX ]m«¡mc³ ]m«`qan A\ym[o\s¸Sp¯m³ ]mSpÅXÃ. ]m«¡mc³ ]m«¨o«nse hyhØItfm, N«§fnse \n_Ô\Itfm ]men¡msX h¶m ]m«w d±m¡mhp¶Xpw, ]m«¡mcs\ Hgn¸n¨v ]m«`qan kÀ¡mcntebv¡v hos­Sp¡mhp¶XpamIp¶p. 181. ImÀUaw skänÂsaâ vþ kÀ¡mÀ `qanbnse A\[nIrXamb Ge¡rjn {Ias¸Sp¯p¶Xn\p th­n GÀs¸Sp¯nbn«pÅ Hcp Is­gp¯ns\bmWv ""ImÀUaw skänÂsaâ v '' F¶p hnh£n¡p¶Xv . kÀ¡mÀ `qanbnse A\[nIrXamb Hmtcm It¿ähpw I­p]nSn¨v Af¶p Xn«s¸Sp¯n It¿ä¯n\v hnt[bambXpw Gew Irjn sNbvXphcp¶Xpamb `qan It¿ä¡mc\pXs¶ Ge¡rjn¡pth­n 20 hÀjt¯¡v teew IqSmsX ]m«¯n\v \ÂIpI F¶XmWv skänÂsaâ v tPmensIm­pt±in¡p¶Xv. F¶m kÀ¡mÀ `qanbn Gew HgnsI aäpÅhnfIÄ IrjnsNbv X p hcp¶ It¿ä¡mÀs¡Xnsc `qkwc£W \nbaa\pkcn¨mWv \S]SnIsfSp¡pI. Imemh[nIgnª ]m«§Ä ]pXp¡pI, Ge¡rjnbv¡p]bpàambXpw ssIhi¯n\p hnt[baÃm¯Xpamb kÀ¡mÀ `qan GewIrjnsN¿p¶Xn\p th­n ssIhiwhbv ¡p¶Xn\pÅ ]m«mhImiw tee¯n hn¡pI F¶o tPmenIfpw skänÂsaâ v tPmenbpsS ]cn[nbnÂs¸«XmIp¶p. skänÂsaâ v tPmen¡pth­n hntijm \ntbmKn¨n«pÅ DtZymKØ·mÀ ]ment¡­ {Ia§sf¡pdn¨v dh\yq hIp¸n \n¶pw 20þ4þ1959þ Is¿gp¯mbn ]pds¸Sphn¨n«pÅ 16þmw \¼À kÀ¡mÀ D¯chn khnkvXcw {]Xn]mZn¨n«p­v. 182. hntÃPptZymKØcpsS NpaXeIÄþ skänÂsaâ v tPmen¡pth­n hntijm \ntbmKn¨n«pÅ kvs]jy hntÃPm^okÀ kÀsh hIp¸n \n¶pw e`n¡p¶ ""Un'' kvsI¨nsâbpw dh\yq enÌnsâbpw klmbt¯mSpIqSn Hmtcm ssIhi hkvXphpw ]cntim[n¨v \nÀ±nã ^md¯n dnt¸mÀ«pw t\m«oknsâ aq¶p {]XnIfpw alÊdpw X¿mdm¡n _Ôs¸« sU]yq«n XlknÂZmÀ¡v kaÀ¸nt¡­XmWv. dnt¸mÀ«nt\mSpIqSn ssIhi`qanbpsS Hcp d^v kvsI¨pw D­mbncn¡Ww. ssIhi hkvXphn\v N«§f\pkcn¨v DbÀ¶ \nc¡nepÅ {]oaobw Npa¯m³ km²yXbpÅ ]£w AXn\pÅ {]tXyI ImcWw alÊdn tcJs¸Spt¯­XmWv . Hmtcm km¼¯nI hÀjmhkm\hpw AXmXv skänÂsaâ v B^okdpsS ]¡Â \n¶pw Adnbn¸v e`n¡p¶ apdbv ¡ v


XlknÂZmÀ _Ôs¸« hntÃPm^okÀamsc sXcys¸Spt¯­Xpw hntÃP m^okÀamÀ hmÀ jnI] m« w ap X sh¨v ] m« ¡mcn \n¶p w ]ncns¨Sp t¡­XpaIp ¶p . H cp hntÃP nse skänÂsaâ v tP me n ]qÀ¯nbmbn¡gnªm skänÂsaâ v B^okÀ ]m«¯n\p \ÂInb kÀ¡mÀ `qanbpsS hnhc§Ä ImWn¡p¶ Hcp cPnÌdpw Hmtcm ]m«¡mc\pw A\phZn¨ ]m«`qanbpsS hnhc§Ä ImWn¡p¶ asämcp cPnÌdpw \nÀ±nã ^md¯n (c­p {]XnIÄ hoXw) X¿mdm¡n ss^\ kÀsh dn¡mÀUpIÄ klnXw _Ôs¸« XlknÂZmÀ¡v Ab¨psImSpt¡­XmWv. {]kvXpX cPnÌdnsâ Hmtcm {]Xn _Ôs¸« hntÃPm^oknepw kq£nt¡­XmWv.

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A²ymbwþ17

t]m¡phchv AYhm Paamäw 183. t]m¡phchvþ (1) `qanbnepff DSaØmhImiw amdp¶Xn\\pkcWambn hntÃPv dn¡mÀUpIfn tcJs¸Sp¯nbn«pff `qDSaIfpsS t]cn `q\nIpXn ]ncn¡p¶ Bhiy¯n\mbn, amäw hcp¯p¶ k{¼Zmbs¯ Paamäw ({Sm³^À Hm^v cPnkv{Sn ) F¶p ]dbp¶p. Cu k{¼Zmbw ""]«'' amäw , ]Xnhv amäw, t]m¡phchv F¶o t]cpIfnepw Adnbs¸Sp¶p. bYmÀ° \nIpXn_²cn \n¶pw `q\nIpXn CuSm¡m³ klmbIcamI¯¡hn[w hntÃPnse X­t¸À A¡u­v AYhm Nnä Gähpw \ho\amb coXnbn ]cnjvIcn¨v kq£nt¡­Xv hntÃPv DtZymKØcpsS NpaXebmIp¶p. (2) 1966 se t]m¡phchv N«§Ä, 2011 se t`ZKXn N«w (GO(ms)NO.227/ 2011/RD Dated 16/07/2011) F¶nhbnse hyhØIÄ¡v hnt[bambmWv t]m¡phchv \S]Sn {Ia§Ä ]qÀ¯oIcnt¡­Xv. Paamä¯n\pff Bhiyw kwPmXamIp¶Xv NphsS ]dbp¶ kmlNcy§fnemWv. (i) kza\Êmsebpff hkvXp ssIamäw (ii) \nÀ_ÔnX ssIamäw(knhn tImSXn hn[nbneqsStbm dh\yq tee¯neqsStbm Dff ssIamäw (iii) ]n³XpSÀ¨ AhImiw hgn (iv) ]{´­p hÀjtam AXnÂIqSpXtem Imew FXrssIhimhImiw sXfnbn¡p¶ hyànbpsS t]À¡pff ssIamäw 184. kza\Êmsebpff hkvXp ssIamäwþ C{]Imcapff hkvXp ssIamäw c­v hn[¯nemImw. (F) AäIcWwþ Ømhc hkvXp¡fnepff DSaØmhImiw Øncambn ssIamäw sN¿p¶Xns\ AäIcWw F¶p ]dbp¶p. [\\nÝbw (hnev]\),


CãZm\w (Kn^väv), `mKw hbv ] v (]mÀ«nj³) XpS§nb IcW§Ä AäIcW§fmWv. `qanbnepff DSaØmhImiw Øncambpw \ncmt£]ambpw ssIamäw sN¿p¶ k_vUnhnj³ Bhiyapff tIkpIfn hntÃPv Hm^okÀ XlknÂZmcpsS D¯ch\pkcn¨pw k_vUnhnj³ BhiyanÃm¯ tIkpIfn hntÃPv Hm^okÀ t\cn«pw t]m¡phchv \S¯n hntÃPv dn¡mÀUpIfn amäw hcp¯mhp¶XmWv. (_n) Xm¡menI ssIamäwþhkvXp¡fpsS Xm¡menI ssIamäw \nan¯w Icw HSp¡m\pff _m²yX DSabv¡v kn²n¡p¶nÃ. BbXn\m Hän, ]m«w, Ipgn¡mWw XpS§nb Xm¡menI amä§sf kw_Ôn¨nSt¯mfw Paamä¯nsâ BhiyIX t\cnSp¶nÃ. 185. \nÀ_ÔnX ssIamäwþ tImSXn hn[ntbm dh\yq teetam \nan¯w hkvXp¡fpsS DSaØmhImiw hn[n DSabvt¡m tee¡mct\m ssIamdp¶Xns\ \nÀ_ÔnX ssIamäw F¶p ]dbp¶p. C{]Imcapff hkvXp ssIamäw hkvXp DSabpsS k½Xt¯mSpIqSnbà \S¡p¶Xv. adn¨v tImSXnhn[ntbm dh\yq te etam \nan¯ w hkvXp DSa Xsâ DSaØ mhImiw ssIamdm³ \nÀ_ÔnX\mbn¯ocp¶p. tImSXn hn[n A\pkcn¨v DSabvt¡m teew A\pkcn¨v t{IXmhnt\m (teew sIm­bmÄ) e`nbv ¡ p¶ hnev ] \ kÀ«n^n¡äpIÄ cPnÌÀ sN¿pt¼mÄ AhbpsS ]IÀ¸v k_v cPnkv{SmÀ B^okn \n¶pw Hm¬sse\mtbm am\zemtbm e`nbv¡p¶ apdbv¡v hntÃPv Hm^okÀ t]m¡phchv \S]SnIÄ kzoIcnt¡­XmWv. 186. ]n³XpSÀ¨mhImiw F) A\´cmhImiw hgn-þ Hcp ]«mZmÀ NcaaSªm AbmfpsS A\´cmhIminIfpsS t]cp hnhc§Ä At\zjn¨v Is­¯n AhImiXÀ¡w CÃm¯]£w A\´cmhIminIfpsS t]cn t]m¡v hchv \S¯p¶Xn\v hntÃPv Hm^okÀ \S]Sn kzoIcnt¡­XmWv. AhImi XÀ¡apff tIkpIfn ]n³XpSÀ¨mhImi \nbaw A\pkcn¨v AhImiw XoÀ¨s¸Sp¯p¶Xn\v th­n XlknÂZmÀ t]m¡phchv N«§fnse 27þmw hIp¸v A\pkcn¨v H cp k½d n hnNmcW \St¯­XmWv. BbXnte¡v dqÄ 10 se t\m«v (ii)  {]Xn]mZn¨n«pff coXnbn AhImi_ÔapffXmbn hnizkn¡s¸Sp¶ FÃm hyànIÄ¡pw t\m«okv \ÂtI­Xpw t\m«okv XobXn apX aq¶v amk¯n\pffn XÀ¡apff GsX¦nepw hyàn hkvXphn³taepff Xsâ AhImiw Øm]n¡p¶Xn\mbn “knhn tImSXn ap¼msI Hcp lÀPn ^b sNbvXn«ps­¶pw BbXnsâ km£ys¸Sp¯nb ]IÀ¸v lmPcm¡nbn«ps­¶papff” Hcp kXy {]kvXmh\ ^b sNt¿­XmsW¶ hnhcw t\m«okn {]Xn]mZn¨ncnt¡­XpamWv. t\m«okn ]dªncn¡p¶ aq¶v amk Imemh[n¡pffn Hcp Un¢tdj\pw ^b sN¿m¯ ]£w aq¶pamk Imemh[n Ahkm\n¡p¶ apdbv ¡ v 113


XlknÂZmdpsS \nÀt±i{]Imcw hntÃPv Hm^okÀ t]m¡phchv sNbv Xv \ÂtI­XmWv. Un¢tdj³ ^b sN¿s¸Sp¶ kmlNcy¯n knhn tImSXnbn \nehne pf f tIknse Xoc pam\¯n\v tijw am{Xw BbXn\\pkrXambn \S]SnIÄ kzoIcnt¡­XmWv. _n) ]«mZmcpsS Xntcm[m\w aqewþ Hcp ]«mZmsc Ggp hÀj¯ne[nI Imeamb n ImWmXmIp Ib pw AbmÄ Po hn¨ncn¸p s­¶Xn\v sXfnhnÃmXncn¡pIbpw sN¿p¶ kmlNcy¯n AbmÄ acn¨Xmbn k¦Â¸n¨v A\´cmhIminbpsS t]cn t]m¡phchv N«w 27(ii) se hyhØIÄ¡v hnt[bambn A\´cmhIminIÄ t]À¡v t]m¡phchv sNbvXv \ÂImhp¶XmWv. A\´cmhIminIÄ CÃm¯ kmlNcy¯n hkvXphnsâ ssIhi¡mcsâ t]cn t]m¡v hchv sNbvXv \ÂIp¶Xn\v Bt£]apff GsX¦nepw hyàn “Xsâ AhImiw Øm]n¡p¶Xnte¡mbn knhn tImSXnbn Hcp lÀPn ^b sNbv X n«ps­¶pw BbXnsâ km£ys¸Sp¯nb Hcp ]IÀ¸v lmPcm¡nbn«ps­¶papff” Hcp Un¢tdj³ hnÚm]\w {]kn²oIcn¨v aq¶v amk¯n\pffn \ÂIm¯]£w , hkvXphnsâ ssIhi¡mcsâ t]cn t]m¡v hchv sNbvXv \ÂImhp¶XmWv. Hcp Un¢tdj\pw kaÀ¸n¡m¯ ]£w aq¶v amkw Ignbp¶ apdbv¡v t\m«okn ]dªn«pff {]Imc¯n t]m¡p hchv \St¯­XmWv. Un¢tdj³ kaÀ¸n¨n«pff ]£w aäv \S]SnIsfSp¡p¶Xn\v ap¼v lÀPnbnse ,Xocpam\¯n\mbn Im¯ncnt¡­XmWv. 187. ]{´­v hÀjtam AXn IqSpXtem Imew FXnÀ ssIhimhImiw sXfnbn¡p¶ hyànbpsS t]À¡pff ssIamäwþ DSaØmhImiw sXf nbn¡p ¶Xn\v bmsXmcp tc JbpanÃm¯ GsX¦ne pw I£ nIÄ k½dnhnNmcWbn 12 hÀjtam AXntesd¡metam Bbn Xm³ bYmÀ°¯nepw XpSÀ¨bmbpw hnLv\ §fnÃmsXbpw GsX¦nepw kzImcy `qan ssIhiw h¨ncn¡pIbmsW¶v sXfnbn¡p¶ kwKXnIfn tIcf t]m¡phchv N«§Ä 1966 se N«w 28 {]Imcw XlknÂZmÀ¡v \S]SnIÄ kzoIcn¡mhp¶XmWv. 188. k_v cPnkv{SmdpsS NpaXeþ {]amWw cPnÌÀ sN¿p¶ kab¯v t]m¡phchn\pth­n I£nIÄ lmPcm¡p¶ At]£m t^md§fpw k½X]{X§fpw _Ôs¸« {]amW§fpsS ]IÀ¸v klnXw \nÝnX kab¯n\pffn _Ôs¸« XlknÂZmÀ¡v / hntÃPv Hm^okÀ¡v t\cnt«m Hm¬sse\mtbm \ÂIm³ k_v cPnkv { SmÀ _m²yØ\mWv . NLRMP ]²XnbpsS `mKambn k_v cPnkv{SmÀ Hm^okn Nabv¡s¸Sp¶ Hmtcm B[mchpw t]m¡phchv sN¿p¶Xn\pff t^mdw 1 B bnepff At]£ Hm¬sse\mbn cPnÌdn§v Hm^okÀ _Ôs¸« hntÃPv Hm^okÀ¡v / XlknÂZmÀ¡v kaÀ¸nt¡­XmWv. 189. hntÃPv B^okdpsS NpaXeIÄþ (1) hntÃPv Hm^okn Hm¬sse\n eqsSbÃmsX e`n¡p¶ At]£IÄ \nehnepff \nc¡\pkcn¨v t]m¡phchv


^okv CuSm¡nbtijw 6þmw \¼À cPnÌdn {Iaambn tNÀ¯v \S]Sn kzoIcn¡Ww. Cu cPnÌÀ km¼¯nIhÀjmSnØm\¯n X¿mdm¡n kq£nt¡­Xpw Hmtcm km¼¯nI hÀjmhkm\hpw XoÀ¸m¡m³ _m¡nbpff tIkpIÄ ASp¯ km¼¯nIhÀj¯nse cPnÌdnte¡v FSps¯gptX­ XpamWv. t]m¡phchn\pth­n e`n¡p¶ At]£IÄ Bdmw \¼À cPnÌdn tcJs¸Sp¯nbncn¡p¶ {Ia¯n am{Xw ]cntim[nt¡­Xpw t]m¡phchv A\phZn¡m³ tbmKyamsW¶v ImWp¶ ]£w ""F'' ^md¯nepff Hcp dnt¸mÀ«v X¿mdm¡pIbpw thWw. t]m¡phchn\mkv]Zamb hkvXphnsâ kÀsÆ \¼À, hnkvXoÀ®w, C\w, Xcw, ]«mZmcpsS t]cv, ]« \¼À, IcW¯nsâ kz`mhw, BcpsS t]cnte¡mWv ]«amä¯n\v At]£n¨ncn¡p¶Xv F¶o hnhc§Ä ‘F’ ^md¯n hyàambn tcJs¸Sp¯nbncn¡Ww. hkvXp t]m¡p hchn\v hnt[bamb C\¯n s]«XmtWm F¶pw BcpsSsb¦nepw t]cn kuP\y hyhØbn ]Xn¨p sImSp¯n«pffXmtWm F¶pw, ap³ {]amW{]Imcw hkvXp ssIamä w sN¿p ¶Xv \ntc m[n¨n« pt­m F ¶p w ap ³ B[mc ¯n AhImiapffhscÃmw I£n tNÀ¶n«pt­m F¶pw ]cntim[n¨ncn¡Ww. IqSmsX t]m¡p hchn\v Bkv ] Zamb `qan _m[yXm hnapàamsW¶v Dd¸phcpt¯­Xpw B hnhcw ‘F’ ^md¯n km£ys¸Spt¯­XpamWv. (2) t]m¡phchn\v Bkv]Zamb hkvXphn\v k_vUnhnj³ Bhiyapff ]£w hnhcw F ^md¯nse \nÀ±nã tImf¯n tcJs¸Spt¯­Xpw k_v Unhnjsâ AhØbpw hnkv X oÀ®hpw ImWn¡p¶ t¹m«Uv kv s I¨v Xbmdmt¡­XpamWv . k_v U nhnj³ DÄs¸« t]m¡phchv tIkpIÄ Xmeq¡m^oknemWv A\phZnt¡­Xv F¶Xn\m {]kvXpX At]£IÄ A\p_ÔtcJIfpw "F' ^mdw dnt¸mÀ«pw klnXw Xmeq¡m^oknte¡v Abbv¡Ww. (3) B[mcw cPnÌÀ sNbvXXn\vtijw t]m¡phchv sN¿p¶Xn\pff Hcp amk Imemh[n Hgnhm¡n sIm­v 21/01/2015 XobXnbn 1956/C3/14/dh \¼cmbn kÀ¡mÀ kÀ¡peÀ \nehnep­v. t]m¡phchv N«w 28 {]Imcapff t]m¡phchv A\phZn¡p¶Xn\pff A[nImcw XlknÂZmcn \n£n]vXamWv. t]m¡v hchv tIkv XoÀ¨ sNbvXv Ignªm X­t¸À A¡u­n hnhcw tcJs¸Sp¯Ww. Hmtcm t»m¡nepw {Iaambn X­t¸À A\phZn¨p \ÂIWw. FÃm t]m¡phchv tIkpIfpw A\phZn¡p¶ apdbv ¡ v ]pXnb X­t¸À \¼À {Iaambn cq]oIcn¨n«pt­m F¶pw ]gb X­t¸À \¼cn Ipdhv tcJs¸Sp¯nbn«pt­m F¶pw XlknÂZmÀ hmÀjnI ]cntim[\m thfbn ]cntim[nt¡­Xpw X­t¸ À A¡u­n hnhcw km£ ys¸Spt¯­Xp amWv. ]p Xnb k_vUnhnj\pIÄ D­mIp¶Xn\\pkcn¨pÅ amä§Ä ss{Xamk dnt¸mÀ«mbn _Ôs¸« k_v cPnkv{SmÀ¡v Ab¨psImSpt¡­XmWv (N«w 29). (4) knhn tImSXn hn[nbneqsStbm kÀ¡mÀ tee¯neqsStbm Ømhc hkvXp hnsâ AhImiw kn²n¡p ¶ kmlNcy§fn t]m¡phc hv 115


At]£tbmsSm¸w C³Uy³ cPnkv t {Sj³ BÎv 1908 se sk£³ 89 {]ImcapÅ kÀ«n^n¡äv IqSn k_v cPnkv{Smdn \n¶pw e`yam¡Ww. F¶m knhn dqÄkv Hm^v {]mÎokv {]Imcw tImSXnhn[nbpsS ASnØm\¯n t]m¡phchv sNbvXv \ÂIp¶Xn\v hyhØbp­v. 190. ]n³XpSÀ¨mhImi t]m¡phchvþ ]n³XpSÀ¨mhImi t]m¡phchn\p th­nbpÅ At]£Ifn XÀ¡anÃm¯ tIkpIfn AhIminIÄ t]cn t]m¡phchv sNbvXv \ÂIp¶Xn\v Bt£]sas´¦nepw Ds­¦n BbXv 15 Znhk¯n\Iw D¶bn¡m\mhiys¸«v t\m«okv ]pds¸Sphnt¡­Xpw {]kvXpX t\m«oknsâ ]IÀ¸v _Ôs¸« hntÃPv Hm^okv t\m«okv t_mÀUnepw, ]©mb¯v, Xmeq¡v Hm^okv F¶nhnS§fnepw ]ckyw sNt¿­Xpw 15 Znhk¯n\Iw Bt£]sam¶pw e`n¡m¯ kmlNcy¯n At\zjW¯n t_m²ys¸«v AhIminIÄ t]cn t]m¡phchv sNbvXv \ÂImhp¶XpamWv. knhn tImSXn D¯chneqsStbm dh\yq tee¯neqsStbm B[mcw aptJ\tbm Paamäw Bhiys¸Sp¶ tIkpIfn ssIamä¡mc³ cPntÌÀUv ]«mZmÀ AÃmXncp¶m B[mcw \nIpXn ckoXv Asæn hntÃPv Hm^okdn \n¶pÅ ssIhimhImi kÀ«n^n¡äv, \nIpXn HSp¡n hcp¶Xmb km£y]{Xw F¶nh t]m¡p hc hv At] £ kz oIcn¡m³ aXnb mb tcJ If mb n IW¡m¡mhp¶XmWv. F¶m ]«mZmtcbpw, ssIamä¡mct\bpw X½n _Ô n¸ n¡p¶ F Ãm ssIamä§fp sSbp w tc JIÄ Xn«s¸Sp¯ n tcJs¸Spt¯­XmWv. 191. Iq«hImiapff `qanIÄþ (1) Iq«hImiapÅ Hcp `qanbn \n¶pw Hcp `mKw ]«mZmÀamcn HcmÄ IrXyamb hnkvXoÀ®tam InSt¸m AXnÀ¯nItfm \nÀÆNn¡msX A\ym[o\s¸Sp¯p¶ tIkpIfn k_v U nhnj\pw t]m¡phchpw Akm²yamWv. C§s\bpÅ tIkpIfn ssIamäw sN¿p¶Xv ]«mZmÀamcn Hcmfnsâ ]qÀ®amb AhImiamsW¦n X­t¸À IW¡n ]«mZmÀamcpsS ]«nIbn \n¶pw AhImi ssIamäw sNbvX Bfnsâ t]cv Hgnhm¡pIbpw ]Icw AhImiw ssIamdn In«nb Bfnsâ t]cv Iq«nt¨À¡pIbpw sN¿mhp¶XpamWv. aäv Iq«p]«mZmÀamcpsS k½Xw C¡mcy¯n\v BhiyanÃ. F¶m Iq«p]«mZmÀamÀ¡v hnhcw ImWn¨v t\m«okv \ÂtI­Xpw AhÀ¡v Bt£]sas´¦nepw DÅ ]£w BbXv ]cnKWn¡pIbpw sNt¿­XmWv. C§s\bpÅ tIkpIfn B[mc¯n ssIamäw sN¿p¶ `qanbpsS Afhpw, hnkvXrXnbpw `qanbnse InS¸pw hyàambn tcJs¸Sp¯nbncn¡pIbpw `qan, ssIamäw sN¿p¶bmfnsâ ssIhi¯nemWv F¶ km£ys¸Sp¯Â tcJs¸Sp¯nbn«paps­¦nÂ, aäv Iq«p]«mZmÀamÀ¡v t\m«okv \ÂIn t\cn tI« tijw k_vU nhnj\pw t]m¡phchpw \nbam\pkrX A[nImcn¡v sN¿mhp¶XmWv. BbXn\v Iq«p]«mZmÀamcpsS k½X]{Xw BhiyanÃ. DuSpIqdhImiw ssIamdp¶ thfIfn `qhnkvXrXn t]m¡phchv sNbvXv \ÂIm³ ]mSnÃm¯Xpw AhImi¯nsâ `mKw am{Xw t]m¡phchv sNbvXv \ÂImhp¶XpamWv. Cu Ahkc¯n k_vUnhnj³ kvsI¨nsâ BhiyanÃ.


F¶m `qanbpsS AhIminIÄ `qan AXnÀ¯nbpw Afhpw Xncn¨v hn`Pn¡p¶ ]£w \nba]camb A[nImcس k_v Unhnj³ \S¯n t]m¡phchv sNt¿­XmWv. (2) AXnÀ¯nbpw hnkv X rXnb pw thÀ Xncn¡msXbpÅ Iq«mb ssIamä§fpsS Imcy¯n FÃm AhIminIfpsSbpw t]cn Iq«mbn am{Xta t]m¡phchv sN¿m\mIq. BbXn\m AhIminIÄ Iq«mbn \nIpXn ASbv¡m\pw _m[yØcmWv. hyàamb AXnÀ¯nbpw, Afhpw, AhImihpw \nÝbn¨v hn`Pn¡p¶ ]£w Hmtcmcp¯cpsSbpw t]cn {]tXyIw k_vUnhnj³ sNbvXv t]m¡phchv A\phZn¡mhp¶XmWv. Hän, ]m«w apXemb C\w ssIamä§Ä¡v hnt[bamtbm, XmXv ¡ menIamtbm t]m¡phchv A\phZn¡m³ ]mSnÃ. 192. A¸oÂþ (1) t]m¡phchv \nckn¡p¶ kwKXnIfn \nckn¡p¶Xn\pÅ ImcWw tcJs¸Sp¯nbncn¡Ww. Hcp t]m¡phchv At]£bnt·epÅ hntÃPv B^okdpsS Xocpam\¯ns\Xnsc XlknÂZmÀ ap¼msIbpw XlknÂZmcpsS Xocpam\¯ns\Xnsc dh\yq UnhnjW B^okÀ ap¼msIbpw Xocpam\w ssI¸än 30 Znhk¯n\Iw A¸o kaÀ¸n¡mhp¶XmWv . 30 Znhkw IW¡m¡p¶Xn\v D¯chnsâ ]IÀ¸v e`yam¡p¶Xn\v th­n h¶ kabw Hgnhmt¡­XmWv. \nÝnX XobXnbmb 30 Znhk¯n\v tijw e`n¡p¶ A¸o At]£Ifpw aXnbmb ImcWw t_m[n¸n¡pIbpw BbXv \ymbamsW¶v A¸o A[nImcn¡v t_m²yw hcpIbpw sN¿p¶ kmlNcy§fn BbXv tcJs¸Sp¯n ImeXmakw am¸m¡n kzoIcn¡mhp¶XmWv. (2) A¸oen\v B[mcamb D¯chnsâ kÀ«nss^Uv tIm¸nbpsS AÊ lmPcm¡m¯ Hcp A¸o At]£bpw kzoIcnt¡­XnÃ. IqSmsX A¸o Xocpam\w _m[n¡p¶ I£nIsf t\m«okv aptJ\ Adnbn¡msX Hcp A¸o A[nImcnbpw A¸o At]£bn Xocpam\w ssIs¡mÅm³ ]mSnÃ. (3) A¸o A[nImcnbpsS Xocpam\¯ns\Xnsc Bt£]apÅ ]£w D¯chv XobXn apX Hcp hÀj¯n\Iw PnÃm IfÎÀ ap¼msI dnhnj³ lÀPn ^b sN¿mhp¶XmWv. F¶m A¸o kuIcyw hn\ntbmKn¡m¯ tIkpIfn PnÃm IfÎÀ dnhnj³ lÀPn kzoIcnt¡­XnÃ. XlknÂZmÀ ap¼msItbm dh\yq UnhnjW B^okÀ ap¼msItbm \nehnepÅ t]m¡phchv A¸o At]£, aXnbmb ImcW§fm PnÃm IfÎÀ¡v GsäSp¡p¶Xn\pw XoÀ¸v I¸n¡p¶Xn\pw A[nImcap­v. PnÃm IfÎÀ ap¼msIb pÅ t]m¡p hc hv tIkpIÄ aXnb mb Imc W§fm GsäSp¡p¶Xn\pw XoÀ¸m¡p¶Xn\pw em³Uv dh\yq I½ojWÀ¡v A[nImcap­mbncn¡pw. 193. ]«bpw ]«bhpwþ ""]«'' F¶m t]m¡phchv ]« F¶À°amIp¶p. ]« `q\nIpXn HSp¡p¶Xn\pÅ `qDSabpsS _m²yXsb am{Xta AwKoIcn¡p¶pÅq. 117


]«bpsS DSabmb ]«mZmÀ¡v `qanbn bmsXmchImihpw \ÂIp¶nÃ. F¶m ]«bw, ]«b¯nsâ DSabmb ]«bZmÀ¡v `qanbn ]qÀ® AhImiw \ÂIp¶p. kÀ¡mÀ hI `qan `qclnXÀ¡pw aäpw `qan ]Xnhv N«§f\pkcn¨v ]Xn¨p sImSp¡pt¼mÄ kÀ¡mÀ \ÂIp¶ Hcp {]amWamWv ""]«bw''. `q]cnjv¡cW \nbaa\pkcn¨v \ÂIp¶ kÀ«n^n¡äv Hm^v ]Àt¨kpw ]«b¯nsâ \nÀhN\¯n DÄs¸Sp¯mhp¶XmWv. 194. \nIpXn ]ncn¡p¶ Imcy¯n bYmkabw t]m¡phchv \S¯n X­t¸cv (]«) ]nSnt¡­Xv AXymhiyambXn\m B[mc¯nse \nkmc \yq\XIÄ ImcWw ]dªv t]m¡phchv \ntj[n¡m³ ]mSpÅXÃ. t]m¡phchv, hkvXp AhImis¯¸änbpÅ Hchkm\ XoÀ¨bmbn KWnt¡­XnÃm¯Xpw kÀ¡mcntebv¡v CuSm¡m\pÅ `q\nIpXn Bcn \n¶pw CuSm¡Wsa¶v Xocpam\n¡p¶Xn\pÅ Hcp D]m[nbmbn am{Xw IcptX­XpamIp¶p. hkvXp AhImis¯¸änbpÅ XÀ¡§Ä¡v knhn tImSXn apJm´ncw ]cnlmcw tXtS­XmWv.

Hm¬ sse³ t]m¡phchv 195.dh\yq Cât{KäUv em³Uv C³^Àtaj³ knÌw--- - (ReLIS)- (1) 2011 se {Sm³kv ^ À Hm^v cPnkv { Sn N«§fnse N«w 3(a), (vi) F¶ t`ZKXn¡p hnt[bambmWv Hm¬sse³ B¹nt¡j³ cq]I¸\ sNbv X n«pÅXv . `mhnbnse FÃm `qhn\nab§Ä¡pw tkh\§Ä¡pw DXIp¶ coXnbn em³Uv sdt¡mÀUvkv amt\Pvsaâ v knÌw X¿mdm¡pI F¶XmWv ]²Xn sIm­v Dt±in¡p¶Xv. hkvXphnsâ t]m¡phchv \S]SnIÄ thK¯nepw kpXmcyambpw Ipä aä co Xnbnep w Xo À¸ m¡p¶ Xn\mbn F Ãm hntÃP pIfnse bp w `qhnhc§Äs¡m¸w X­t¸À hnhc§fpw UnPnssäkv sNbv X v `qtcJ kwhn[m\hpambn tbmPn¸n¨ncn¡p¶p. (2) cPnkvt{Sj³ hIp¸n Hm¬sse\mbn B[mcw cPnÌÀ sN¿pt¼mÄ Xs¶ t] m¡phchn\mhiyamb Fà m hnhc §f pw D Äs¡mÅp ¶ t]m¡phchn\pÅ At]£ (^mdw 1 _n) `qan ssIamäw sN¿s¸Sp¶ hntÃPv B^okntebv¡v Hm¬sse\mbn e`n¡p¶p. hntÃPv B^okÀ¡v cPnkvt{Sj³ hIp¸n \n¶pÅ hnhc§fpw (hkv X p hn¡p¶bmfntâbpw hm§p¶ Bfntâbpw hnhc§Ä) em³Uv sdt¡mÀUvkv hnhc§fpw Htc sh_v t]Pn e`yamIpw. hntÃPv Hm^okpIfn Cu kwhn[m\w ssIImcyw sN¿p¶Xn\mbn hntÃPv AknÌâ v, kvs]jy hntÃPv Hm^okÀ, hntÃPv Hm^okÀ F¶nhsc bqkÀamcmbn \ntbmKn¨ncn¡p¶p. (3) t]m¡phchv \S]SnIÄ¡mbn hntÃPv AknÌânt\m kvs]jy hntÃPv Hm^okÀt¡m Hm¬sse\mbn Fþt^mdw (A -Form Entry) X¿ md m¡mhp¶ Xp w Aw Ko Imc¯ n\mb n hntà Pv H m^okÀ¡v


Abbv¡mhp¶XpamWv. hnhc§Ä ]ckv]cw s]mcp¯s¸SpIbpw {Sm³kv^À Hm^v cPnkv{Sn N«{]Imcw aäv \nbaXS椀 H¶pw Xs¶ CÃmXncn¡pIbpw sNbvXm hntÃPv B^okÀ¡v k_vUnhnj³ BhiyanÃm¯ At]£IÄ At¶ Znhkw Xs¶ t]m¡phchv sNbvXv \ÂImhp¶XmWv,. k_v Unhnj³ BhiyapÅ t]m¡phchv At]£IÄ hntÃPv B^okÀ ]cntim[n¨v ^b Ipdnt¸mSpIqSn XlknÂZmÀ¡v Hm¬sse\mbn Abbv¡Ww. (4) _n.än.BÀ hnhc§Ä ]pXpXmbn tcJs¸Sp¯Â, hnhc§Ä sXämbn tcJs¸Sp¯nbn«ps­¦n BbXv Xncp¯pI, `qanbpsS C\w Xncp¯pI F¶nh Bhiyaps­¦n B bXv \nÀÆln¡p¶Xn\v {]kvXpX hnhc §Ä Hm¬sse \n tNÀ¯ tijw Xme q¡m^okn AwK oImc ¯n\mbn Abbv¡Ww. 196. t]m¡phchv \S]SnIÄ ]qÀ¯nbmbn Ignªm em³Uv sdt¡mÀUvkv amt\Pvsaâ v kn̯n FÃm hnhc§fpw \mfXoIcn¡pIbpw `qan ssIamdn In«p¶bmfn\v `qtcJm km£y]{Xw (sdt¡mÀUv Hm^v ssdäv) A\phZn¡pIbpw sN¿mw. Hm¬sse³ t]m¡phchv kwhn[m\w \nehn hcp¶Xn\v ap¼v \S¶Xpw F¶m t]m¡phchv sN¿m¯Xpamb ssIamä§fpw _m¡vtemKv (Backlog PV) F¶ kwhn[m\w aptJ\ t]m¡phchv sN¿mhp¶XmWv.

****

119


A²ymbwþ18

`q]cnjvIcWw 197. Dt±iye£y§Äþ tIcf kwØm\s¯ `q]cnjvIcWhpambn _Ôs¸«v ka{K \nbasa¶ \nebnemWv 1963 se tIcf `q]cnjvIcW \nbaw (1964 se H¶mw \nbaw) \nesImffp¶Xv. P·nbv¡pw IpSnbm\pw CSbnep­mbncp¶ a²yhÀ¯nIsf Hgnhm¡n ssIhi`qanbnÂv \S¸pIpSnbm\v P·mhImiw Dd¸m¡p¶ IpSnbmbv a ØncX \ÂI IpSnInS¸pImc³ IpSnInS¸n\v hnt[bamb `qan hnebv¡phm§phm\pff AhImiw e`n¡p¶ IpSnInS¸v ØncX \ÂIÂ, acymZ¸m«w \nÝbn¡Â, ssIhi`qanIÄ¡v ]cn[n GÀ¸Sp¯n A[nI`qan an¨`qanbmbn {]Jym]n¨v {]kvXpX `qan GsäSp¯v `qclnXÀ¡v hnXcWw sN¿pI F¶nhbmWv `q]cnjvIcW \nbaw {][m\ambpw e£yw hbv¡p¶Xv. \nbaw e£yw hbv¡p¶ Cu {]hÀ¯\§Ä \S¸m¡p¶Xn\v ta ¸d ª hnjb §sf ASnØ m\s¸ Sp ¯n \nb a¯ nsâ Io gn ]Xns\mt¶mfw N«§Ä D­m¡nbn«p­v. `q]cnjvIcW \nbaw \S¸m¡p¶Xn Hmtcm HutZymKnI Xe¯nepw \nÀhlnt¡­ NpXeIÄ AXmXv N«§fn hyàam¡nbn«p­v. IpSnbmbva, IpSnInS¸v, `q]cn[n F¶nh kw_Ôn¨v hntÃPv Xe¯n \nÀÆlnt¡­ IÀ¯hy§Ä NphsS tNÀ¡p¶p. (F) IpSnbmbva tIÊpIÄ 198. IpSnbmbvaþ (1) `q]cnjv¡cW \nbaw 72þmw hIp¸v {]Imcw IpSnbmbva ØncXbv¡v AÀlXs¸« hkvXp¡Ä kÀ¡mcn \njn]vXambXv \S¸v IpSnbm\v (Cultivating Tenant) ]Xn¨p \ÂIpI F¶XmWv IpSnbmbva kw_Ôn¨v \nbaw hyhØ sN¿p¶Xv. C¯cw tIkpIfpsS XoÀ¸n\v hntÃPv Hm^okÀ Xmsg ]dbp¶ Imcy§Ä IqSn ]cnKWnt¡­XmWv. F)

X§fpsS hntÃPv AXnÀ¯n¡pÅn IpSnbmbva ØncX


\ÂInbn«nÃm¯ hkvXp¡Ä Ds­¶dnhp In«nbm {]kvXpX hkvXp¡fpsS {]mYanI At\zjWw \S¯n IpSnbmbva ØncX \ÂIp¶Xn\v th­nbpÅ \S]SnIÄ¡mbn kzta[bm tIkv FSp¡p¶Xnte¡v hnhcw em³Uv ss{S_yqWen dnt¸mÀ«v sNt¿­Xpw ""F'' t^mdw cPnÌdn cPnÌÀ sNt¿­XpamIp¶p. _n) 1þ4þ64 \v tijw ]pXnb IpSnbmbv a krãn¡phm³ Ignbm¯Xn\m IpSnbmbva ØncX \ÂInbn«nÃm¯ FÃm hkvXp¡Ä¡pw kzta[bm tIskSp¡pIbpw FÃm IpSnbmbv a hkv X p¡Ä¡pw ØncX \ÂIphm³ \S]Sn kzoIcnt¡­XpamWv. kn) IpSnbmbva ]n³XpSÀ¨ hgnbpw ssIamäw hgnbpw h¶p tNcp¶Xn\m bYmÀ° IpSnbmsâ (1-þ-4þ-64 \v ap¼p­mbncp¶bmÄ) I¿n \n¶pw At]£Isâ ssIhiw `qan F¯n tNÀ¶Xnsâ {]amW§Ä, hntÃPv tcJIÄ F¶nh ]cntim[n¨v hnhcw dnt¸mÀ«v sNt¿­XmWv. AXnsâ

Un) At]£Isâ hoSv, sI«nS§Ä aäv Nab§Ä F¶nhbps­¦n hnhchpw Ime¸g¡hpw dnt¸mÀ«n DÄs¸Spt¯­XmWv.

C) At]£I\v ]Xnhn\v Bkv] Zamb `qanbv ¡ v ]pdta aäv `qanbpt­msb¶pw ]cntim[nt¡­XmWv. F¶nh)

F^v) ]m«¡pSnbmbvabpsS kz`mhw (DZmlcWw ImWw, shdpw]m«w tcJs¸Spt¯­XmWv.

Pn) ]m«¡pSnbmbv a bpsS sXfnhntebv ¡ mbn At]£I³ F s´¦nep w tc JIÄ lmPc m¡ps¶¦n B bXv dnt¸ mÀ «n DÄs¸Spt¯­XmWv. (DZmlcWw ]m« ckoXv) (2) IpSnbmbva ØncXbv¡Àlamb tIkpIfn BÎv 72 (kn) {]Imchpw tIcf `q]cnjvIcW (\n£n]vXam¡epw ]Xn¨p \ÂIepw) N«§Ä N«w 4 A\pkcn¨pw IpSnbmbva ØncX \evIp¶Xn\pth­n em³Uv ss{S_yqW kzta[bm \S]SnIÄ kzoIcn¡p¶Xn\v A{]Imcapff hkvXp¡sf kw_Ôn¨v Adnhp\ev IpIbpw AXp kw_Ôn¨v hntÃPv Xe¯nepff B[nImcnI hnhc§Ä em³Uv ss{S_yqWen\v ssIamdpIbpw sN¿pI hntÃPv DtZymKØcpsS ISabmIp¶p. (3) em³Uv ss{S_yqWensâ tIÊpIfn B[nImcnI hnhc§Ä tiJcn¡pIbpw ]cntim[\bv¡p hnt[bam¡pIbpw sN¿p¶ \nb{]Imcapff Øm\amb A[nImcs¸Sp¯s¸« DtZymKØ\v Bhiyamb hnhcw \ÂIpIbpw dn¡mÀUpIÄ hnhctiJcW¯n\mbn \ÂIpIbpw {]mtZinIambpff Imcy§fn klmbklIcW§Ä \ÂIpIbpw sN¿pI. (4) em³Uv

ss{S_yqWÂ, A¸teäv AtXmdnän, Xmeq¡v em³Uv 121


t_mÀUpIÄ XpS§n \nbta\bpff Øm]\§fnse A[nImcs¸Sp¯s¸« B^okÀamÀ AS¡apff ^oÂUv DtZymKØ·mÀ¡pff HutZymKnI Bhiy¯nt·Â Bhiyamb hnhc§Ä \ÂIpI. (5) ta¸dª Øm]\§fnse A[nIrX DtZymKØ·msc IqSmsX aäv DtZymKØÀ At\zjWmÀ°w GsX¦nepw hyànbpsStbm IpSpw_§fpsStbm Øm]\§fpsStbm `qan kw_Ônt¨m hyànhnhc§Ä IpSpw_hnhc§Ä atäsX¦nepw hnhc§tfm Bhiys¸«mÂv \ÂIp¶Xn\v hntÃPv DtZymKØÀ _m²yØambncn¡pw. (6) `q]cnjvIcW \nba {]Imcw aX [À½ Øm]\§Ä¡v \evIp¶ hÀjmi\w (B\znän) \nÝnbn¡p¶Xn\v Bhiyamb hnhc§Ä At\zjW \nÀhlW DtZymKØÀ¡v \ÂIpI.

_n) IpSnInS¸v tIkpIÄ 199. IpSnInS¸vþ IpSnInS¸v F¶m Hcp `h\tam IpSntem ]Wnbn¡phmt\m Xmakn¡phmt\m P·nbm A\phZn¡s¸«ncn¡p¶Xpw AtXmSptNÀ¶ kuIcymhImi§fpamIp¶p. IpSnInS¸pImcs\¶m A§s\bpÅ `qan ]m«w sImSp¡phm\pÅ _m²yXtbmSpIqSntbm AÃmsXtbm ssIhiw h¨ncn¡phm³ P·nbm A\phZn¡s¸SpIbpw DSaØs\¶ \nebntem ssIhi IpSnbm³ F¶ \nebntem ]©mb¯v Gcnbbn 10 sktâm ap\nkn¸Â Gcnbbn 5 sktâm tImÀ¸tdj³ Gcnbbn 3 sktâm `qan ssIhianÃmXncn¡pIbpw sN¿p¶ BÄ F¶À°amIp¶p. IpSnInS¸p kw_Ôn¨v tIcf `q]cnjv¡cW \nbaw 2(25) hIp¸n\p IognepÅ 1 apX 7 hsc hniZoIcW§Ä IqSn IW¡nseSpt¡­XmIp¶p. IpSnInS¸p kw_Ôamb hntÃPv DtZymKØcpsS ISaIÄ NphsS tNÀ¡p¶p. F. IpSnInS¸p kw_Ôn¨ A[nImcs¸Sp¯s¸« DtZymKØsâ ]cntim[\bv¡p Bhiyamb klmb§Ä sN¿pI. _n. hntÃPv dn¡mÀUpIfpsS ]cntim[\bv¡v klmb§Ä sN¿pI. kn. IpSnInS¸v {Ibw sN¿p¶ kw_Ôn¨ At]£Ifn³ta ]pds¸Sphn¡p¶ t\m«okpIÄ bYmkabw \S¯n aS¡pI.

(kn) `q]cn[n tIkpIÄ 200. `q]cn[nþ (1) 1963 se tIcf `q]cnjv¡cW \nba¯nsâ aq¶mas¯ {][m\ {]hÀ¯\amWv `q]cn[n \nÀ®bhpw, an¨`qan XoÀ¸m¡epw F¶Xv. kwØm\¯v hyànIÄ¡pw IpSpw_§Ä¡pw Øm]\§Ä¡pw ssIhiw


hbv¡ mhp¶ `qanbpsS ]cn[n 82þmw hIp¸n hyàam¡nbn«p­v . C{]ImcamWv. {Ia\w.

bqWnäv

Ah

ssIhiwhbv¡mhp¶ `qan Ìm³tUÀUv G¡dn km[mcW G¡dnÂ

1.

GImwKw/ AhnhmlnX\mb apXnÀ¶ BÄ / a¡fnÃm¯ hn[h/ hn`mcy³

5

Ìm³tUÀUv G¡À \nÝbn ¡pt¼mÄ Bdv km[mcW G¡dn IpdbmtXbpw Ggc km[mcW G¡dn IqSmsXbpw A©v Ìm³tUÀUv G¡À \nÝbn¡Ww.

2.

A©wK IpSpw_w

10

Ìm³tUÀUv G¡À \nÝbn¡pt¼mÄ 12 km[mcW G¡dn IpdbmsXbpw 15 km[mcW G¡dn IqSmsXbpw 10 Ìm³tUÀUv G¡À IW¡m¡Ww.

3.

A©wK§fn IqSpX epÅ IpSpw_w

10+5 AwK ¯n IqSpX epÅ Hmtcm AwK¯n\pw Hmtcm Ìm³

12 km[mcW G¡dn IpdbmsXbpw F{X \ÂInbmepw 20 km[mcW

123


tUÀUv G¡À IqSn\ÂImw.

4.

Øm]\§Ä/ FtÌäpIÄ /I¼\nIÄ XpS§nbh

10

G¡dn IqSmsXbpw Ìm³tUÀUv G¡À IW¡m¡Ww.

12 km[mcW G¡dn IpdbmsXbpw 15 km[mcW G¡dn IqSmsXbpw Ìm³tUÀUv G¡À \nÀ®bn¡Ww. IqSpX hnkvXoÀ®w ssIhiw hbv¡phm³ kÀ¡mcn \n¶pw 81 (3) {]Imcw Cfhp k¼mZn¡Ww.

(2) `q]cn[n ewLn¡p¶ Xc¯nepÅ ssIhi§fn `q]cn[n tIkpIÄ Bcw`n¡p¶Xnepw tIkp XoÀ¸m¡n an¨`qan GsäSp¯v hnXcWw sN¿p¶Xnepw hntÃPv DtZymKØcpsS ISa hfsc hepXmbXn\m Xmsg ]dbp¶ Imcy§Ä {i²nt¡­XmWv. (F) hntÃPv ]cn[nbnÂ, ]cn[nbn Ihnªv `qan DffhcpsS hnhcw {i²nbnÂs¸«m DS³Xs¶ `q]cn[ntIkv Bcw`n¡p¶Xn\mbn hnhcw XlknÂZmÀ¡v dnt¸mÀ«v sN¿pI. (_n) `q]cn[n ewLn¡p¶ Xc¯n `qan kamlcn¡pItbm `qan hm§n¡q« n `q ]c n[n hyhØ IÄ e wL n¡pItb m sN¿p ¶Xmb n {i²bnÂs¸SpItbm Adnhv e`n¡pItbm t_m²ys¸SpItbm sN¿p¶ ]£w {]kvXpX hnhcw XlknÂZmÀ¡v dnt¸mÀ«v sN¿phm³ hntÃPv DtZymKØÀ _m²yØcmWv. (kn) `q]cn[n tIkpIfn Xmeq¡v em³Uv t_mÀUpIfn ^b sN¿s¸Sp¶ tÌäv s aâpIfn {]mYanImt\zjWmÀ°w hnhctiJcWw \S¯pt¼mÄ Bhiyamb ]cntim[\ \S¯pItbm At\zjW DtZymKØs\ klmbn¡pItbm sN¿Ww. tÌävsaâ v kw_Ôn¨v Xmsg¸dbp¶ Imcy§fmWv At\zjW ]cn[nbn km[mcW hcnI. (i) hkvXp kw_Ôn¨ ]qÀ® hnhc§Ä (ii) F¶p apX ssIhiw h¶p. (iii) tIcf `q]cnjv¡cW\nba¯nse ]«nI II {]Imcw `qanbpsS


Xcw hyàam¡Ww. (iv) BÎv 85þmw hIp¸v {]Imcw 01.01.70 s\ ASnØm\s¸Sp¯n tIkv F Sp ¯n«p ff `qanb mtWm F ¶ hnhc w At\z jn¨d nªv tcJs¸Spt¯­XmWv. (v) IpSpw_mwK§fpsS ]qÀ®hnhc§Ä P\\ XobXn klnXw tcJs¸Sp¯Ww. (vi) `qan BÀÖn¨ XobXn, IcWw \S¯nbn«ps­¦n {]kvXpX hnhcw F¶nh. (Un) ]cn[nbn Ihnªv hnhc§Ä klnXw X¿mdm¡pI.

`qanbpffhcpsS ]«nI ssIhi`qanbpsS

(C) {Um^väv tÌäv s aâpw hyànKX t\m«okpw bYmkabw {]kn²oIcn¡pIbpw I£nIÄ¡v \S¯n aS¡pIbpw sN¿pI. (F^v) BÎv 85(5)(c) {]Imcapff D¯chnsâ ]IÀ¸v I£nIÄ¡v \S¯pI. (Pn) em³Uv ss{S_yqWÂ, Xmeq¡v em³Uv t_mÀUv, A¸teäv AtXmdnän, em³Uv t_mÀUv F¶nhnS§fn \n¶pff ka³kpIfpw t\m«okpIfpw I£nIÄ¡p \S¯pI. (F¨). `qan {Ibhn{Ib§fn tIcf `q]cnjv¡cW \nbaw 120 (1F) hIp¸v {]Imcw `qan hm§p¶ Bfpw hn¡p¶ Bfpw kaÀ¸n¡p¶ {]Jym]\§Ä cPnÌd B^okdn \n¶pw e`n¡p¶Xv At\zjW DtZymKØs\¶ \nebn Xmeq¡v XlknÂZmÀ¡p e`n¡p¶Xnt·Â XlknÂZmÀ¡pth­n {]kvXpX {]Jym]\¯nepff hkvXp¡fpw \nehnepff hkvXp¡fpsS hnhchpw DÄs¸sS ]cn[nbn IqSpXemIp¶ kmlNcy¯n BbXv dnt¸mÀ«v sN¿phm³ hntÃPv Hm^okÀ _m²yØamWv. (sF) an¨`qanbmbn {]Jym]n¡s¸« `qan GsäSp¡p¶Xn hntÃPv DtZymKØcpsS ]¦v {]m[m\yapffXmWv. GsäSp¡p¶ coXnsb Ahew_n¨v N«{]ImcapÅ t^md§Ä X¿mdm¡pIbpw IrXyXbpff km£nIfm km£ys¸Sp¯pIbpw sNt¿­XmWv. (sP) GsäSp¡p¶ `qanbpsS Xcw tIcf `q]cnjvIcW \nba¯nse ]«nI IV {]Imcw tcJs¸Sp¯pI. (sI) an¨`qan hnXcW¯n\mbn ]pds¸Sphn¡p¶ hnÚm]\ {]Imcw e`n¡p¶ At]£Ifnt·Â hyàambn At\zjWw \S¯pI. (FÂ) `q]cn[n tIÊpIfn GsäSp¡p¶ `qan¡v `qDSabv ¡ pv \ã{]Xn^ew \ÂIp¶Xn\v X¿mdm¡p¶ \ã{]Xn^e]«nI I£nIÄ¡v \S¯pIbpw {]kn²s¸Sp¯pIbpw sN¿pI. 125


(Fw) `q]cnjvIcWw \S¸m¡nbXp ImcWw `qan \ãs¸«v AhiX A\p`hn¡p¶ P·namÀ¡v kÀ¡mÀ \ÂIp¶ s]³j³ kw_Ôn¨ At]£bnt·Â icnbmb At\zjWw \S¯pI. (F³) ImÀjnI]p\c[nhmk^­v , IpSnInS¸pImÀ _\n^näv ^­v F¶nhbpsS ASnØm\¯nepff t£a{]hÀ¯\§fn XlknÂZmÀ¡p th­n {]hÀ¯n¡pI. (H) 81(1) hIp¸v {]Imcw Xmeq¡v em³Uv t_mÀUv \ÂIp¶ enÌnsâ ASnØ m\¯n Cf hv A\p hZ n¡p¶ `qan ssIhi¡mc ³ Xc w amäp¶pt­msb¶v ]cntim[nt¡­Xpw A{]Imcw t_m[ys¸«m BbXv Xmeq¡v em³Uv t_mÀUns\ Adnbn¡p¶Xn\mbn XlknÂZmÀ¡v dnt¸mÀ«v \ÂIpIbpw sN¿pI, Cu hIp¸v {]Imcw Cfhv e`n¨ `qanIfpsS Hcp tUä Xmeq¡v em³Uv t_mÀUn \n¶pw e`n¡p¶ apdbv¡v X¿mdm¡n kq£n¡pIbpw sN¿pI. (]n) an¨`qanbmbn GsäSp¯Xpw F¶m ]Xnhn\v tbmKyaÃm¯Xpamb `qan s] mXp Bhiy ¯ nte¡v amän hbv¡p ¶Xn\pf f \S]SnIÄ ssIs¡mffpIbpw kÀ¡mÀ `qan kwc£n¡p¶ amXrIbn kwc£n¡pIbpw sN¿pI. 201. an¨`qan GsäSp¡Âþ (1) tIcf `q]cnjvIcW \nbaw 85(5)(kn) hIp¸v {] Imcw an¨`q an \nÝ bn¨p sIm­v ko enwK v tIÊn D¯ chp ]pds¸Sphn¨pIgnªm an¨`qan GsäSp¡pI F¶Xv XlknÂZmcpsS NpaXebnÂs¸« ImcyamWv. AXpsIm­pXs¶ hntÃPv DtZymKØ·mÀ¡v hfsc henb Øm\w GsäSp¡en D­v. D¯chn Xs¶ an¨`qan FÃm _ m²yXIf n \n¶ pw hnSphn¨XmsW¶p w Ggv Znhk¯n\Iw GsäSp¡Wsa¶pw ]dªn«p­mIpw. `q]cnjvIcW (]cn[n) N«§Ä 17 apXev 24 hscbpff N«§Ä CXp kw_Ôn¨v hnhcn¡p¶p. an¨`qan GsäSp¡Â aq¶phn[¯nep­v F¶v s]mXpsh ImWmhp¶XmWv. (F) Xmeq¡v em³Uv t_mÀUnsâ 85(5)(kn) {]Imcapff D¯chns\ XpSÀ¶v GsäSp¡Â DtZymKØ\v hn«psImSp¡pIbpw A[nImcs¸« DtZymKØÀ GsäSp¡pIbpw sN¿pI. (_n) Xmeq¡v em³Uv t_mÀUnsâ D¯chp {]Imcw an¨`qanbmbn {]Jym]n¡s¸« Øew hn«psImSp¡phm³ `qDSa hnk½Xn¡p¶ ]£w A[nImcs¸« DtZymKس kzta[bm GsäSp¡pI. (kn) `q]cn[ntIkn\v Bkv]Zambn `qDSa Xmeq¡v em³Uv t_mÀUn kaÀ¸n¡p¶ tÌäv s aânt\msSm¸w A\I- vk À J II-ev tNÀ¡s¸Sp¶Xpw an¨`qanbmbn kzbw hn«psImSp¡phm³ k½Xn¨Xpamb `qan D¯chn\v ap¼pXs¶ CS¡me GsäSp¡Â \S¯pI. (2) Cu aq¶v coXnbnepapff

GsäSp¡en\pw hntÃPv B^okdpsS


]Zhnbn XmsgbÃm¯ Hcp DtZymKØs\ NpaXes¸Sp¯mhp¶Xpw Hmtcm GsäSp¡en\pw \nÀ±nã t^md§Ä DffXpw AX {]kà hnhc§Ä tNÀt¡­XpamWv. 202. kzta[bm hn«psImSp¡p¶Xn GsäSp¡Âþ `q]cn[n tIÊnse D¯chns\ XpSÀ¶v Xmeq¡v em³Uv t_mÀUv GsäSpt¡­ `qanbpsS hnhc§Ä tNÀ¯ psIm­v `qan CXn\mb n Np aXes¸Sp¯ s¸ « DtZymK Ø\v hn«p\ÂIWsa¶p \nÀt±in¨v Un¢dâ v `qDSa / AÊÊn t]À¡v t^mdw \¼cv 9þev Hcp Unamâ v t\m«okv \evIp¶p. AtXmsSm¸w `qan GsäSp¡phm³v \ntbmKn¡s¸« DtZymKس t^mdw \¼cv 10þev Hcp A[nImc]{Xhpw \evIp¶p. `qan hn«psImSp¡p¶ Bfpw A[nImcs¸Sp¯s¸« DtZymKØ\pw Ignbp¶Xpw Xt±inbcpw Ab¡mcpamb c­v km£nIfpw GsäSpt¡­ `qanbn {]thin¨v GsäSp¯psIm­v Hcp alÊÀv X¿mdmt¡­Xpw AbÂhmknIfpw DtZymKØ·mcpw H¸v tcJs¸Spt¯­XpamWv. `qanbpsS InS¸v ImWn¡p¶ kvs I¨v X¿mdmt¡­Xpw GsäSp¡Â DtZymKØ\v H¸phbvt¡­XpamIp¶p. AtXmsSm¸w `qan hn«psImSp¯p F¶pw GsäSp¯p F¶Xn\pw Hcp kXy{]kvXmh\ t^mdw \¼À 11þ X¿mdmt¡­Xpw `qan hn«psImSp¯p F¶Xn\v `qDSa H¸v tcJs¸Spt¯­Xpw alÊdn H¸n« km£nIÄ Xs¶ Cu t^md¯nepw H¸ptcJs¸Spt¯­Xpw I£nbpw km£nIfpw Fsâ ap¼msI h¨p H¸ph¨p F¶v GsäSp¡Â B^okÀ \nÀ±nã Øm\¯v H¸v h¨v km£ys¸Spt¯­XpamWv . IqSmsX ssIhihpw DSamhImihptam c­pwIqSntbm I£n hn«p \evI nsb¶pw hn«p\evI nb ssIhihpw DSamhImihpw kÀ¡mcn\v th­n GsäSp¯p F¶pw GsäSp¡e DtZymKس Hcp ]pds¯gp¯v \S¯n t]cpw H¸pw tcJs¸Spt¯­Xpw tasem¸v hbv ¡ p¶Xn\mbn XlknÂZmÀ¡v Ab¨psImSpt¡­XpamWv . (A\p_Ôwþ 10 ImWpI) Ipdn¸v :þ GsäSpt¡­ `qanbnÂv A\[nIrX ssIhi¡mtcm ssIt¿ä¡mtcm Ds­¦n Ahsc bpàamb coXnbn Hgn¸n¨ tijta GsäSp¡Â \S¯mhq. 203. `qan hn«psImSp¡phm³ hnʽXn¡p¶]£w GsäSp¡Âþ 9þmw \¼cv t^md¯n Unamâ v t\m«okv \ÂInb tijw `qan hn«psImSp¡phm\v X¿mdmIm¯ ]£w `qanbn A\[nIrX ssIhi¡mtcm ssIt¿ä¡mtcm Ds­¦nÂv Ahsc bpàambn coXnbn Hgn¸n¨ tijw `qanbpsS DSaØmhImtim ssIhitam c­pIqSntbm AXmXv kwKXn t]mse ssIhitam DSaØXtbm GsäSp¯psIm­v Hcp alÊÀ X¿mdmt¡­Xpw Ignbp¶Xpw Ab¡mcmb c­p km£nIÄ H¸p hbvt¡­Xpw GsäSp¯ `qanbpsS kvsI¨v X¿mdmt¡­XpamWv. `qan GsäSp¯psIm­v t^mdw \¼À 12þ GsäSp¡Â DtZymKس Hcp kÀ«n^n¡äv X¿mdmt¡­Xpw 127


hkvXphnhc§Ä \nÀ±nã Øe§fn tNÀt¡­Xpw alÊdn H¸ph¨ km£nIÄXs¶ t^md¯nse \nÀ±nã Øm\§fn t]cpw taÂhnemkhpw tNÀ¯v H¸phbvt¡­Xpw GsäSp¡Â DtZymKØ\v H¸p tcJs¸Sp¯n t^mdw XlknÂZmÀ¡v tasem¸v hbv¡p¶Xn\mbn kaÀ¸nt¡­XpamWv. (A\p_Ôw ImWpI) 204. CS¡me GsäSp¡Âþ 85(2), 85(F), 87(1F) XpS§nb hIp¸pIÄ {]Imcw `q]cn[n tIkv kw_Ôn¨v Xmeq¡v em³Uv t_mÀvUv ap¼msI ^b sNbvX tÌävsaâ nÂv A\I- v kÀ J 11-  v tcJs¸Sp¯s¸«Xpw an¨`qanbmbn hn«psImSp¡phm\v k¶²X Adnbn¨Xpamb `qan GsäSp¡p¶Xn\v t^mdw \¼Â 13þ Un¢dân\v Hcp Adnbn¸v \evInb tijw GsäSp¡mhp¶XmWv. A{]Imcw GsäSp¡p¶Xn\v alÊÀ X¿mdmt¡­Xpw Ignbp¶nSt¯mfw Ab¡mcmb c­v I£nIÄ alÊdn H¸ptcJs¸Spt¯­XpamIp¶p. alÊÀ X¿mdm¡n GsäSp¯Xn\v t^mdw \¼À 14þ Hcp {]Jym]\w X¿mdm¡n alÊdn H¸ph¨ km£nIÄv Xs¶ {]Jym]\¯nepw H¸ph¨v GsäSp¡Â DtZymKØ\pw H¸ptcJs¸Sp¯n XlknÂvZmÀ¡v tasem¸v hbv¡p¶Xn\v \ÂtI­XmWv . kzta[bm hn«psImSp¡p¶XmIbmÂv Un¢dânsâ H¸v Ignbp¶nSt¯mfw {]Jym]\¯nÂv tcJs¸Sp¯phm³ GsäSp¡Âv DtZymKسv {iant¡­Xpw X¿mdmIp¶ ]£w BbXv tcJs¸Sp¯pIbpw sNt¿­XmIp¶p. (A\p_Ôwþ 11 ImWpI) 205. an¨`qan GsäSp¡epambn _Ôs¸«v hntÃPv DtZymKØÀ {i²nt¡­ kwKXnIÄþ an¨`qan GsäSp¡en\v \ntbmKn¡s¸Sp¶Xv an¡hmdpw hntÃPv B^okÀ Xs¶ BIbmepw `qan kw_Ôn¨ ASnØm\ hnhc§Ä hntÃPv Xe¯n BIbmepw GsäSp¡Â \S]SnIfn Nne Imcy§Ä {]tXyIw {i²nt¡­XmWv. (F) `qan GsäSp¡p¶ XobXn hfsc {]kàamIbm BbXv IrXyambn tcJs¸Sp¯Ww. hntÃPv tcJIfn amäw hcp¯Â, \ã{]Xn^ew \evIp¶Xv XpS§n Ht«sd Imcy§Ä CXpambn _Ôs¸«pffXn\m XobXn {]kàamWv. (_n) `qanbpsS ]gbXpw ]pXnbXpamb kÀtÆ \¼À k_vUnhnj³ F¶nh IrXyambn tcJs¸Sp¯pIbpw hnkv X oÀ®w slIv S À BÀþ tcJs¸Sp¯pIbpw sN¿Ww. `qanbpsS Øm\w ImWn¡p¶ Hcp semt¡j³ hnhcWw, Ab hkvXp¡fpsS hnhc§Ä, \mfXv hkvXphnsâ InS¸pw ØnXnbpw F¶nh alÊdn ]cmaÀin¡Ww. F¶m hkvXphnsâ Xcw ]«nI IV- ]dbp¶ GXp hn`mK¯n hcptam AXp am{Xta tNÀ¡mhq. \ã{] Xn^e w \ Ip ¶Xv CXnsâ ASnØ m\¯nemIb m tIc f `q]cnjv¡cW \nba¯nse ]«nI IV {]Imcapff Xcw Xs¶ tNÀt¡­XmWv. (kn) GsäSpt¡­ `qan Hcp kÀtÆ \¼cnsâtbm k_v U nhnj³


\¼cnsâtbm `mKambncn¡pIbpw A§s\bpff `mKw kvsI¨nsâ klmbw IqSmsX Xncn¨dnbphm³ IgnbmXncn¡pIbpw sN¿p¶ kµÀ`§fn am{Xw Øe¯nsâ Øm\w ImWn¡p¶ kvsI¨v X¿mdm¡nbm aXnbmhpw. F¦nepw bpàamb coXnbn kvsI¨v X¿mdm¡p¶Xn\v XSÊanÃ. (Un) `qanbnse IpSnInS¸pImÀ, aäpv ssIhi¡mcps­¦n AhÀ, hoSpsh¨p Xmakn¡p¶ ]£w AhtcmSpIqSn ssIhiw FSp¡p¶ ]£w hoSv, tZlÞ§Ä, Nab§Ä FÃmw hyàambn alÊdn tcJs¸Sp¯Ww. (C) GsäSp¯Xpw hnXcWw sNbvXXpamb an¨`qan kw_Ôn¨ 15, 21 \¼À cPnÌdpIÄ X¿mdm¡n kq£n¡p¶Xn\pw hntÃPv DtZymKØÀ NpaXes¸«ncn¡p¶p. 206. 7E \nbat`ZKXn {]Imcapff tIÊpIÄþ 0 1. 04 .1 96 4þ\v tijw an¨`qanbmbmsW ¶dnbmsX an¨`qanbmbn {]Jym]n¡s¸«tXm, `q]cn[ntIkv \S] SnIf nc n¡p¶ tXm Bb hkv X p¡Ä hnesImSp ¯p hm§n I_ fn¸n¡s¸« hc psS `q anIÄ ssIhiw hb v ¡ p¶ hsc 20 05 se \nbat`ZKXnbneqsS IpSnbm·mcmbn ]cnKWn¡phm³ 7E hIp¸v hyhØ sN¿p¶p­v . A¯cw tIÊpIfnÂv \nbaw hyàam¡p¶ Xc¯nepff `qanbmsW¶pd¸p hcp¯ntb \S]SnIÄ kzoIcn¡mhq. 207. koenwKv tIÊpIfnt·epff \S]SnIÄþ 87(1F) {]ImcapffXpw 01.01.1970þ\v tijapffXpamb tIÊpIfnemWv \nehn tÌävsaâ v ^b sN¿p¶Xv. AXn\m hkvXp¡fpsS hnhc§fn BÀPn¨ XobXn hyàambn ]cntim[nt¡­XmWv. tIsÊSp¡p¶ \nÀ®mbI XobXnbnepff IpSpw_w F¶Xv ]cnKWnt¡­XmWv. koenwKv tÌävsaâpIfnt·Â hkvXphnhcw, IpSpw_ hnhc§Ä, Cfhv \ÂImhp¶ hkvXp¡Ä XpS§n FÃm hnhc§fpw At\zjn¡p¶Xn\v Xmeq¡v em³Uv t_mÀUn A[nImcs¸Sp¯s¸« B^okÀ DffXn\m hntÃPv DtZymKØÀ t\cn«v At\zjWw \St¯­ kmlNcyanÃ. F¶m Sn B^okdpsS At\zjW ]cntim[\bn Bhiyamb klmbw \ÂIphm³ hntÃPv DtZymKØÀ _m²yØcmWv. koenwKv tIkpIfn AXmXv Xmeq¡pIÄ¡v shfnbnepff hkvXp¡fpsS hnhcw XlknÂZmÀ aptJ\bmWv At\zjn¡p¶Xv F¶Xn\m A{]Imcapff At\zjW§Ä XlknÂZmÀ¡pth­n hntÃPm^okÀ \St¯­nhcpw A{]Imcapff kµÀ`§fn hkvXp¡sf¡pdn¨v hyàambn At\zjn¨v dnt¸ mÀ«v \ÂtI­XmWv. C¯c¯nepff \S]SnIfn 6 BgvN F¶ Hcp kab]cn[n DffXn\m kab]cn[n¡Iw dnt¸mÀ«pIÄ \ÂIphm³ {i²nt¡­XmWv.

**** 129


A²ymbwþ19

`qan hns«mgnbepw A\yw\n¸pw (F) `qan hns«mgnb 208. `qan hns«mgnbÂþ (1) dh\yq tcJIÄ {]ImcapÅ `qanbpsS GsXmcp cPntÌÀUv ssIhi¡mc\pw Xsâ DSaØXbnepÅ `qanIÄ ]qÀ®amtbm, `mKnIamtbm kÀ¡mÀ B hiy§Ä¡mb n {] Xn^e w Iq SmsXbp w \ncp]m[nIambpw hns«mgnbmhp¶XmWv. C{]Imcw `qhpSaIÄ hns«mgnbp¶ `qanbn kÀ¡mcn\p \nba]camb AhImiw kn²n¡p¶Xnte¡mbn \S¸nem¡nbn«pÅ \nbaamWv 1958 se tIcf `qan hns«mgnb \nbaw. (2) `qan C{]Imcw hns«mgnbm³ Ignbp¶Xv kÀ¡mcnte¡v am{XamWv. Xt±ikzbw`cW Øm]\§Ä‘kÀ¡mÀ’ F¶ kwÚbpsS \nÀÆN\ ¯nÂs¸Sm¯Xn\m Xt±ikzbw`cW Øm]\§Ä t]cn Cu \nba {]Imcw `qan hns«mgnªv \ÂIm³ IgnbnÃ. C¯cw Ahkc§fn kÀ¡mcnte¡v `qan hns«mgnbpIbpw XpSÀ¶v Xt±i kzbw`cW Øm]\§fpsS t]cnte¡v `qan ssIamä \S]SnIÄ kzoIcn¡pIbpamWv th­Xv. 209. `qan hns«mgnbp¶Xn\pff \S]Sn{Iawþ Xsâ ssIhi¯nepÅXpw _m²yXIfnÃm¯Xpamb `qanbmWv HcmÄ¡v hns«mgnbm\mhpI. CXntebv¡mbn `qhpSa t^mdwþF bnepÅ At]£ t\cnt«m X]m aptJ\tbm dh\yq UnhnjW Hm^okÀ¡p kaÀ¸nt¡­XmIp¶p. dh\yq UnhnjW H m^okÀ {] kvXp X At]£ At\zjW¯ n\pw d nt¸mÀ« n\pamb n XlknÂZmÀ¡pw XlknÂZmÀ BbXv hntÃPv Hm^okÀ¡pw ssIamdp¶XmWv. {]kvXpX At]£bn `qhpSabpsS t]cpw taÂhnemkhpw, hntÃPnsâ t]cv, ssIhi `qanbpsS BsI hnkv X oÀ®hpw hns«mgnbp¶ {]tZi¯nsâ hnkv X oÀ®hpw, `q\nIpXn, F´mhiy¯nte¡mbn hns«mgnbp¶p F¶o hn hc §Ä D Äs¡mÅn¨ncnt¡­Xpw , \n_Ô \Itf m D] m[nItf m


DÄs¡mÅn¡m³ ]mSnÃm¯XpamWv. C{]Imcw hns«mgnbp¶Xntebv¡mbn `qhpSa kaÀ¸n¡p¶ At]£bn tImÀ«v ^okv BÎv {]ImcapÅ Ìm¼v ]Xnt¡­XnÃm¯XmWv. 210. hntÃPv Hm^okdpsS IÀ¯hy§Äþ (1) XlknÂZmcn \n¶pw At]£ ssIamdn e`n¨mepS³ hntÃPv Hm^okÀ `qan ]cntim[n¨v AXnsâ Hcp sajÀsaâ v kvsI¨v, hns«mgnbp¶ `qanbn tZlÞ§fpÅ ]£w BbXnsâ hnhc§fpw hns«mgnbp¶Xmb `qanbpsS FepIIfpw tNÀ¯pÅ alÊÀ, hniZamb Hcp dnt¸mÀ«v , t^mdwþ_n bnepÅ Hcp Un¢tdj³ F¶nh X¿mdmt¡­XmWv. t^mdwþ_n bnepÅ Un¢tdj\n At]£I³ AYhm At]£I³ bYmhn[n A[nImcs¸Sp¯nb GPâ v hntÃPv Hm^okdpsSbpw c­v XSØÀamcpsSbpw km¶n²y¯n H¸v hbvt¡­Xpw, BbXv hntÃPv Hm^okdpw XSØÀamcpw km£ys¸Spt¯­XpamWv. (2) hntÃPv Hm^okÀ dnt¸mÀ«v X¿mdm¡pt¼mÄ NphsS tNÀ¯ncn¡p¶ kw_Ôamb hkvXpXIÄ \nÀ_Ôambpw DÄs¡mÅn¨ncn¡Ww. (i) At]£bn hywKytam {]IStam Bbn DÄs¡mÅn¨n«pÅ hyhØIsf kw_Ôn¨ hnhc§Ä. (ii) J\\w aqe tam aä p {] hÀ ¯\§f mtem `qan D]tbmKiq\yamtWm F¶Xp kw_Ôn¨ hnhc§Ä (iii) At]£I\v `qanbnse AhImiw kw_Ôn¨v Fs´¦nepw \yq\XIfps­¦n BbXnsâ hnhc§Ä. (iv) `qan KXmKXtbmKyamtWm F¶Xp kw_Ôn¨ hnhc§Ä. (v) `qanb n GsX¦nep w Xc ¯nep Å _m²yXItf m IpSnÈnIItfm, tImÀ«v P]vXntbm \ne\n¡p¶pt­m F¶Xv kw_Ôn¨ hnhc§Ä. (3) Sn hnhc§Ä DÄt¡mÅp¶ dnt¸mÀ«ns\m¸w X­t¸À IW¡v, ASnØ m\ `q\nIpXn cP nÌ À, skä n saâ v c PnÌÀ F ¶nhb psS km£ys¸Sp¯nb ]IÀ¸pIfpw DÅS¡w sNt¿­XmWv. 211. hn s« mg nª `qanbpsS hn hc §Ä ] pd t¼m¡v cPnÌ dn  DÄs¸Sp¯Wsa¶vþ hntÃPv Hm^okdpsS dnt¸mÀ«v XlknÂZmÀ hgn e`n¡p¶ apdbv¡v dh\yq UnhnjW Hm^okÀ, {]kvXpX hns«mgnb kw_Ôambn BÀs¡¦nepw At£]§tfm, AhImihmZ§tfm DÅ ]£w Bbh t_m[n¸n¡p¶Xn\v \nÀt±in¨psIm­v t^mdwþC bn Hcp t\m«okv ]pds¸Sphn¡p¶Xmbncn¡pw. XpSÀ¶v hntÃPv Hm^okÀ {]kvXpX t\m«okv hns«mgnbm\pt±in¡p¶ Øe¯pw hntÃPv Hm^okv t\m«okv t_mÀUnepw bYmhn[n ]ckys¸Spt¯­XmWv. t^mdw C bnepÅ t\m«okv dh\yq 131


UnhnjW Hm^oknsebpw Xmeqt¡m^oknsebpw t\m«okv t_mÀUpIfnepw ]ckys¸Spt¯­Xp­v . `qan hns«mgnb AwKoIcn¨psIm­v dh\yq UnhnjW Hm^okÀ D¯chv ]pds¸Sphn¡p¶ ]£w XlknÂZmÀ {]kvXpX `qan ssIhi¯ nseSpt¡­Xp w `q \nIp Xnbn \nÀ¯ Â/ Ip dhv A\phZn¨psIm­v D¯chv ]mkmt¡­XpamWv. CtX XpSÀ¶v hntÃPv Hm^okÀ X­t¸À A¡u­n Bhiyamb Ipdhp hcpt¯­Xpw hns«mgnª `qanbpsS hnhc§Ä CXnte¡mbn kq£n¨n«pÅ {]tXyI cPnÌdnepw ]pdt¼m¡v cPnÌdnepw DÄs¸Spt¯­XpamWv . `qan hns«mgnb AwKoIcn¨n«pÅ kw KXnb n c PntÌ ÀUv DSab psS DSaØ mhImi§fp w asäà m AhImi_Ô§fpw DÄs¸sSbpÅ FÃm _m²yXIfn \n¶pw apàambn {]kvXpX `qan kÀ¡mcn \n£n]vXamIp¶XmWv.

(_n) A\yw\n¸v tIkpIÄ 212. A\yw \n¶ hkvXphIIÄþ PwKa§tfm Ømhc§tfm Dff Hcp hyàn acWimk\w FgpXn hbv¡msXbpw \nbam\pkrX AhIminIÄ CÃmsXbpw acWaSªm Snbmsâ FÃm ØmhcPwKa kz¯p¡fpw A\yw\n¶ kz¯p¡fmIpIbpw Bbh kÀ¡mcn \n£n]v X amIpIbpw sN¿pw. PwKa§tfm Ømhc§tfm Dff Hcp hyàn acWimk\w FgpXn hbv¡msXbpw \nbam\pkrXamb AhIminIÄ CÃmsXbpw acWaSªm hnhcw DSs\ PnÃmIfÎÀ¡v dnt¸mÀ«v sNt¿­Xv hntÃPv Hm^okdpsS ISabmWv. hntÃPv Hm^okdpsS dnt¸mÀ«v e`n¨mepS³ Xs¶ Hcp {]mYanImt\zjWw \S¯m³ PnÃmIfÎÀ XlknÂZmÀ¡v \nÀtZiw \ÂIWw. XlknÂZmcpsS At\zjW dnt¸mÀ«n acWaSª hyàn GsX¦nepw Hky¯v FgpXn h¨n«pt­m F¶pw AbmÄ¡v \nbam\pkrXamb GsX¦nepw AhIminIÄ Dt­m F¶pw hyà amt¡­XmWv. IqSmsX acWaSªbmfnsâ ØmhcPwKa hkvXp¡fpsS hnhc§fpw dnt¸mÀ«n DÄs¸Sp¯nbncn¡Ww. 213. XlknÂZmcpsS {]mYanImt\zjW dnt¸mÀ«n \n¶pw {]YaZrãym Hcp A\yw \n¸v tIkps­¶v t_m²yamIp¶ ]£w PnÃmIfÎÀ, Sn hkvXp¡fn BÀs¡¦nepw AhImiaps­¦n BbXv sXfnbn¡p¶Xn\pff tcJIfpambn 6 amk¯n\pffn t\cn lmPcmIm³ \nÀt±in¨v Kkän ]ckyw sNt¿­XmWv. \nÝnX XobXn¡pffn e`nbv¡p¶ Bt£]§Ä ]cntim[n¨v Pnà mIfÎÀ DNnXamb Xocpam\w ssIs¡mffWw. Pnà mIfÎd psS Xocpam\¯ns\Xnsc em³Uv dh\yq I½njWÀ ap¼msI t\m«okv XobXn apX aq¶v amk¯n\Iw A¸o kaÀ¸n¡mhp¶Xpw A¸o At]£bn³taÂ


em³Uv dh\yq I½njWÀ ssIs¡mffp¶ Xocpam\¯ns\Xnsc Bt£]apff ]£w D¯chv ssI¸änb XnbXn apX 60 Znhk¯n\Iw kÀ¡mÀ ap¼msI dnhnj³ kaÀ¸n¡mhp¶XpamWv. 214. GsäSp¯ hkvXp¡Ä s]mXptee¯n hn¡Wsa¶vþ tIcf Fkv Noä vkv Bâ v t^mÀ ^o t¨gvkv BÎv 19 64 {]Imc w kz oIcn¡p ¶ \S]SnIÄs¡Xnsc knhn tImSXnsb kao]n¡p¶Xn\pff A[nImcw I£nIÄ¡p­mbncn¡pw. (sk£³.11). sk£³ 11 {]Imcapff Hcp tIkv \nehneps­¦n BbXnsâ A´na XoÀ¸n\p hnt[bambn am{Xta `qan GsäSp¡p¶Xv kw_Ôn¨v PnÃm IfÎÀ A´na D¯chv ]pds¸Sphn¡m³ ]mSpffq. GsäSp¡p¶ PwKahkvXp¡Ä \nbam\pkrXw s]mXpteew \S¯n hnÂt¡­Xpw XpI kÀ¡mÀ JP\mhntebv¡v apX Iqt«­XpamWv. F¶m ØmhchkvXp¡fpsS Imcy¯n tIcf em³Uv Assk³saâ v BÎv 1960 {]Imcapff \S]SnIÄ kzoIcn¡Ww. 215. sk£³ 10 {]Imcw PnÃm IfÎÀ GsäSp¡p¶ `qan hntÃPv Hm^okdptStbm PnÃm If ÎÀ A[nImcs¸ Sp¯ p¶ aä v H m^okd ptStb m t\cn«p ff ]cn]me\¯n\v tcJmaqew G¸nt¡­Xpw A¯c¯n A[nImcs¸Sp¯n In«p¶ DtZymKس (amt\PÀ) {]kvXpX `qansb kw_Ôn¨ Hcp hniZamb hkvXp hnhc ]«nI X¿mdm¡n PnÃm IfÎÀ¡v kaÀ¸nt¡­XpamWv. amt\PÀ¡v hkv X p hnhc ]«nI X¿mdm¡p¶Xn\mbn hkv X phnsâ GXv `mK¯pw {]thin¡p¶Xn\v A[nImcap­mbncn¡pw. amt\PÀ X¿mdm¡nb hkvXp hnhc ]«nI Hcp Npcp¡ dnt¸mÀ«v klnXw PnÃm IfÎÀ em³Uv dh\yq I½njWÀ¡pw kÀ¡mcn\pw Adnhnte¡mbn kaÀ¸n¡Ww. hkv XphIIÄ kwc£n¡p ¶Xn\pff IrXyamb IW¡pIÄ amt\PÀ PnÃmIfÎÀ¡v kaÀ¸n¡Ww. A\yw \n¶ tIkpIfpsS hnhc§Ä hntÃPv B^okÀ A\yw\n¸v cPnÌdn tcJs¸Sp¯n kq£nt¡­XmWv.

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133


A²ymbwþ20

`qan ssIamäw

216. kÀ¡mÀ hIp¸pIÄ X½n Nne kmlNcy§fn `qan ssIamtd­n hcmdp­v. tkh\ hIp¸pIÄ¡v kuP\yambpw tkht\Xc hIp¸pIÄ¡v It¼mfhne CuSm¡nbpw `qan ]Xn¨p \ÂIpItbm ]m«¯n\p \ÂIpItbm sN¿p¶Xn\v kÀ¡mÀ \S]Sn{Ia§Ä hyhØ sNbvXn«p­v. BZmbP\yhpw, hmWnPy]chpamb Bhiy§Ä¡mWv `qan \ÂIp¶sX¦n Øehne CuSmt¡­Xp­v. 217. `qan ssIamä¯n\pff At]£þ `qan ssIamdp¶Xn\v D¯chv ]pds¸Sphnt¡­Xv dh\yq hIp¸mWv. `qan BhiyapÅ kÀ¡mÀ hIp¸v {]kvXpX `qan ssIhiapÅ hIp¸nsâ PnÃm A[nImcnbpambn _Ôs¸«v `qan ssIamdn¡n«p¶Xn\pÅ k½Xw e`yam¡nb tijw PnÃm IfÎÀ¡v At]£ \ÂIWw. `qan BhiyamsW¶p kqNn¸n¨pff _Ôs¸« sk{It«dnbäv hIp¸nsâ `cWm\paXnbpsS ]IÀ¸v, Bhiyapff ]£w ]cnØnXn \nba§Ä {]ImcapÅ \ncmt£] km£y]{Xw, ]©mb¯v cmPv \nba{]ImcapÅ hnÚm]\¯nsâ ]IÀ¸v XpS§nb tcJIÄ klnXw `qan Bhiyamb hIp¸v PnÃm IfÎÀ¡v At]£ kaÀ¸nt¡­XmWv. At]£bnt·Â hntÃPv Hm^okÀ hniZamb dnt¸mÀ«v XlknÂZmÀ aptJ\ PnÃm IfÎÀ¡v kaÀ¸n¡Ww. 218. hntÃPv DtZymKØcpsS ISaIÄþ (1) GXp ]²Xnbv¡ mtWm `qan BhiyapÅXv, {]kvXpX ]²Xnbv¡v BhiyapÅ{X hnkvXoÀ®¯nepÅ `qan ssIamdp¶Xn\mbn `qanbpsS C\w, Xcw, kÀsÆ \¼À, hnkvXoÀ®w XpS§n FÃm hnhc§fpaS§p¶ alÊÀ, ssIamdm³ ip]mÀi sN¿p¶ Øe¯nsâ t¹m«Uv kvsI¨v, hne\nÀ®b dnt¸mÀ«v, 17þ10þ12 se LR.K2-60467/12 {]ImcapÅ sN¡v enÌv F¶nhbpsS 4 {]XnIÄ XlknÂZmÀ¡v Ab¨psImSpt¡­XmWv. A\yw \n¸v, AhImiw hns«mgnbÂ, an¨`qan, t_m«vþC³þem³Uv XpS§nb


\S]SnIfnepÄs¸« cPntÌÀUv `qan dh\yq ]pdt¼m¡ntebv¡v amänbtijamWv `q an ssIamä ip ]mÀi \ÂtI­Xv. `qanb psS Af hv hnhc§Ä tcJs¸Sp¯pt¼mÄ sa{SnIv knÌw D]tbmKn¡m³ hntÃPv DtZymKØÀ {]tXyIw {i²nt¡­XmWv. (2) `qan ssIamäw kw_Ôn¨ kÀ¡mÀ D¯chv e`yambm DS³Xs¶ ]pdt¼m¡v cPnÌdn Ahiyw th­ tcJs¸Sp¯epIÄ tNÀt¡­Xpw hnhcw XlknÂZ msc Ad nb nt¡­Xp amWv. tkh\ hIp ¸p IÄ¡v `qan ssIamdn¡gnªXn\p tijhpw `qanbpsS DSaØX dh\yq hIp¸n Xs¶ \ne\n¡pw F¶Xn\m Cu `qanbnt·epÅ It¿äw XSbm³ hntÃPv Hm^okÀ _m²yØ\mWv.

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135


A²ymbwþ21

`qan GsäSp¡Â

219. `qan GsäSp¡Â \nbawþ (1) kzImcy `qan s]mXp Bhiy§Ä¡mbn \ymbamb \jvS]cnlmcw \ÂIn GsäSp¡p¶Xn\v 2013 se `qan GsäSp¡Â (\ymbamb \jv S ]cnlmc¯n\pw kpXmcyXbv ¡ pw ]p\c[nhmk¯n\pw ]p \x Øm]\¯n\p ap Å AhImiw ) \nbaw dh\yq DtZymK Øsc A[nImcs¸Sp¯p¶p. 2013 se {]kvXpX \nba {]Imcw s]mXp Bhiy§Ä¡pw s]mXp kzImcy ]¦mfn¯ t{]mPIvSpIÄ¡pw kzImcy I¼\nIÄ¡pw kzImcy `qan GsäSp¯v ssIamdmhp¶XmWv. Cu \nba{]Imcw `qan GsäSp¡p¶ Ahkc¯n Xt±i kzbw`cW Øm]\§fpambpw {Kmak`Ifpambpw IqSnbmtemNn¨v `qhpSaIÄ¡pw aäp _m[n¡s¸Sp¶ P\hn`mK§Ä¡pw ]camh[n _p²nap«v Ipdª hn[¯n `qan GsäSp¡p¶Xn\pw ]¦mfn¯ kz`mhhpw am\pjnI ]cnKW\Ifpw Dd¸phcp¯ns¡m­v `qhpSaIÄ¡pw aäp _m[n¡s¸Sp¶ hn`mK§Ä¡pw \oXnbpàhpw \ymbhpamb \jvS]cnlmcw \ÂIp¶Xn\pw A¯c¡mcpsS ]p\c[nhmkw, ]p\xØm]\w F¶nh Dd¸phcp¯p¶Xn\papÅ hyhØIÄ Cu \nba¯n hn`mh\w sN¿p¶p. (2) kÀ¡mcnsâ GsX¦nepw Hcp hIp¸nsâ A[o\XbnepÅ `qantbm Xt±ikzbw`cW Øm]\§fpsS A[o\XbnepÅ `qantbm asämcp kÀ¡mÀ Hm^oknsâ Bhiy¯n\mbn GsäSp¡p¶Xn\v Cu \nbaw _m[IaÃm¯XmWv. ]©mb¯ntem ap\nkn¸menänbntem \n£n]vXambn«pÅ tdmUv, hgn F¶nh Cu \nba{]Imcw GsäSpt¡­n h¶m BZyambn Ah ]©mb¯v cmPv / ap\nkn¸menän \nba¯nsâ ]cn[nbn \n¶pw Hgnhm¡m\pÅ \S]SnIÄ kzoIcnt¡­XmWv. 220. hntÃPv DtZymKØcpsS IÀ¯hy§Äþ (1) Cu \nba¯nse 11-þmw hIp¸p {]ImcapÅ {]mYanI hnÚm]\w ]pds¸Sphn¨p Ignªm {]kv X pX


hnÚm]\¯nepÄs¸« `qanIÄ ssIamäw sN¿m³ ]mSnsöv \nba¯n hyhØ sNbvXn«pÅXn\m hntÃPv DtZymKØÀ C¡mcy¯n th­{X {i² sNept¯­XmWv. {]mYanI hnPvRm]\w ]pds¸Sphn¨pIgnªm \nÀ±njvS `qanIÄ kÀsÆ sN¿pIbmWv ASp¯ \S]Sn. hkvXp Af¶p Xn«s¸Sp¯n icnbmb hnkvXoÀ®¯n\v kvsI¨v. alÊÀ F¶nh X¿mdm¡n skänÂsaâ v cPnÌÀ, ASnØm\ `q\nIpXn cPnÌÀ F¶nhbpsS {]kà `mK§fpsS km£ys¸Sp¯nb ]IÀ¸pIÄ klnXw hniZamb dnt¸mÀ«v s]m¶pwhne Hm^okÀ¡v ssIamdWw. IqSmsX `qan GsäSp¡Â \S]SnIfnepÄs¸« Hmtcm IpSpw_¯n \n¶pw GäSp¡p¶ `qanbpsSbpw AXnse tZlÞ§fpsSbpw Nab§fp sSbp w hniZ hnhc §Ä, GsäSp¡p¶ `qansb {] mY anI Poht\m]m[nbmbn B{ibn¨ncp¶ hyànIfpsS hnhc§Ä, GsäSp¡s¸Sp¶ `qanbnse s]mXp Bhiy§Ä¡p]tbmKn¨ncp¶ `qanbpsSbpw D]tbmK §fpsSbpw hnhc§Ä F¶nh kw_Ôn¨ dnt¸mÀ«pw s]m¶pwhne Hm^okÀ¡v ssIamtd­XmWv. (2 ) hnÚm] \¯nepÄs¸ «n« pÅ hkv X p¡f n XmÂ]c yapÅ GsXmcmÄ¡pw hnÚm]\¯obXnbn \n¶pw 60 Znhk§Ä¡pÅn \nÀ®bn¡s¸« hnjb§fn³ta AUvan\nkvt{SäÀ ap³]msI Bt£]w t_m[n¸n¡p¶Xn\v \nba¯n hyhØ sNbv X n«pÅXmWv . C¯cw Bt£]§Ä t_m[n¸n¡p¶hcpsS hnNmcW \S]SnIÄ kw_Ôn¨ t\m«okpIÄ I£nIÄ¡v \S¯pI, hnNmcWbv¡mhiyamb aäp klmb§Ä sNbvXp sImSp¡pI F¶nhbpw hntÃPv DtZymKØcpsS NpaXeIfmWv. 221. alkÀ X¿mdm¡p¶Xn {i²nt¡­ Imcy§Ä (1) alkdn hkv X phnsâ C\w, hnkv X oÀ®w, InS¸v , AXnse tZlÞ§Ä F¶o hnhc§fpw hkvX p ap³Iqdmbn ssIhiw FSp¯n«ps­¦n A{]Imcw ssIhiw FSp¯ XobXnbpw tcJs¸Spt¯­XmWv. s]m¶pwhne hkvXphnsâ Øm\w, InS¸v F¶nhsb¸än alkdn tcJs¸Sp¯p¶ hnhc§Ä {Kq¸v kvsI¨p ambn ] ckv] c _Ô ap Åhbmbncn¡Ww. hkv X phnsâ hnhc§sf¡pdn¨v {]Xn]mZn¡pt¼mÄ hkvXphnsâ kao]{]tZi¯pÅ tdmUv, s]mXphgn, s]mXp Øm]\§Ä F¶nhbpsS hnhc§Ä IrXyambn tcJs¸Spt¯­XmWv. s]m¶pwhne hkvXphn \n¶pw kao] {]tZi¯pÅ s]mXp Ø m] \§fnte bv¡p w td mUnte¡papÅ Zq cw alkdn tcJs¸Sp¯p¶Xpw {Kq¸v kvsI¨n amÀ¡v sN¿p¶Xpw X½n hyXymks¸Sm³ ]mSnÃ. KXmKX kuIcyapÅ tdmUpw s]m¶pwhne hkvXphpw X½nepÅ kmao]ys¯¡pdn¨pw tdmUn \n¶pw s]m¶pwhne hkvX phntebv¡ pÅ {]thi\ kuIcy§sf¡pdn¨pw alkdn {]tXyIw {]Xn]mZnt¡­XmWv. s]m¶pwhne hkvXphnepÅ C\w Xncn¨pÅ hr£§Ä, AhbpsS {]mbw, s]m¡w F¶nhbpw, sI«nS§Ä, aXnÂ, InWÀ, then XpS§nb aäp ]Wn¸mSpIfpsS hnhc§fpw alkdn DÄs¸Sp¯nbncn¡Ww. hkvXphnsâ 137


C\w, Xcw, InS¸v, \S¸hImiw hkvXp DSabpsSbpw ssIhi¡mcsâbpw aäp X¸cI£nIfpsSbpw t]cphnhc§Ä F¶nh alkdn Ahiyw tcJs¸Spt¯­XmWv. alkÀ c­v XSØscs¡m­v km£ys¸Sp¯pIbpw alkÀ X¿mdm¡p¶ DtZymKس XobXn h¨v Is¿m¸v tcJs¸Spt¯ ­XpamWv . XSØcpsS t]cpw taÂhnemkhpw tcJs¸Sp¯m³ hogv N hcp¯cpXv. (2) IqSpX {]Xn^e¯n\p th­n tImSXnIfntebv¡v sd^À sN¿p¶ s]m¶pwhne tIkpIfn Kh¬saânsâ Xm¸cyw kwc£n¡m\pXIp¶ {][m\s¸« Hcp tcJmaqew sXfnhmWv alkÀ. alkdnsâ ]IÀ¸v I£n¡p \ÂIm¯nSt¯mfw Imew Cu sXfnhv Ah\v _m[IamIp¶nÃ. AXn\m s]m¶pwhne DtZymKس ]cntim[n¨p Ignªm DS³ Xs¶ At±lw km£ys¸Sp¯nb alkdnsâ Hcp ]IÀ¸v X¸cI£nbv¡v \ÂIpIbpw BbXntebv¡v AbmfpsS k½X]{Xw hm§pIbpw thWw. hnhn[ L«§fn X¿mdmt¡­ alkdpIfpsS amXrIIÄ A\p_Ôwþ 12 Bbn tNÀ¯ncn ¡p¶p. (3) Ch IqSmsX NphsS tNÀ¡p¶ tPmenIÄ \nÀÆln¡p¶Xn\pw hntÃPv DtZymKØÀ NpaXes¸«ncn¡p¶p. (i) s] m¶ pw hne \nÝb n¡p¶ Xn\v ASnØm\amb n sXscsªSp¯n«pÅ kao]hkvXp¡fpsSbpw s]m¶pwhne hkvXphnsâbpw InS¸p ImWn¡p¶ {Kq¸v kvsI¨v X¿mdm¡n kaÀ¸n¡pI. (ii) s]m¶pwhne hkv Xphn GsX¦nepw P]v Xn, Pmayw, IS _m²yX F¶nhbpÅ ]£w s]m¶pwhne DtZymKØs\ [cn¸n¡pI. (iii) s]m¶pwhne tIkn\mhiyamb sXfnhpIÄ \ÂIpI. (iv) s]m¶pwhne XlknÂZmcpsS \nÀt±im\pkcWw _Ôs¸« I£nIÄ¡v t\m«okv \S¯pI. (v) s]m¶phne hm§m³ AÀlXbpÅ hkvXp DSabpsS Is¿m¸v km£ys¸Sp¯pI, s]m¶pwhne hm§m³ lmPcmIp¶Xv hkvXp DSabpsS apàymÀImc\msW¦n Abmsf¸än At\zjWw \S¯n AbmfpsS Is¿m¸v km£ys¸Sp¯pI. (vi) \S]Sn ]qÀ¯nbmIp¶ s]m¶pwhne tIkpIfn alkÀ X¿mdm¡n hkvXp ssIhis¸Sp¯n _Ôs¸« A[nImcnIÄ¡v ssIamäw sNbvXp hnhcw s]m¶pwhne B^okÀ¡v dnt¸mÀ«v sN¿pI. (vii) s]m¶pwhne \S]Sn aqew {]m_ey¯n hcp¶ ]pXnb k_vUnhnj\pIsf hntÃPv ^oÂUv sajÀsaâ v _p¡nepw aäp _Ôs¸« hntÃPv cPnÌdpIfnepw A¡u­pIfnepw bYmkabw tNÀ¡pI.


(viii) kÀ ¡mÀ Bhiy¯nte bv¡p th­n s]m¶p w hnebvs¡Sp¡p¶ Øew ]pdt¼m¡m¡n amäp¶tXmSpIqSn hnhcw _Ôs¸« hntÃPv dnt¡mÀUpIfn tcJs¸Sp¯pIbpw {]kvXpX `qan `q\nIpXnbn \n¶pw Hgnhm¡pIbpw sN¿pI. (ix) GsX¦nepw kzImcy Øm]\§Ät¡m, Xt±i kzbw `cW Øm]\§Ät¡m, AÀ² kÀ¡mÀ Øm]\§Ät¡m, tImÀ¸tdj\pIÄt¡m, I¼\nIÄt¡m th­n s] m¶ pw hneb v s ¡Sp¡p¶ `qan _Ô s¸ « Øm]\¯nsâ t]cn ]Xn¨p ]«bw \ÂIpIbpw {]kvXpX Øm]\¯nsâ t]cn `q\nIpXn Npa¯m³ \S]SnIÄ kzoIcn¡pIbpw sN¿pI. 222. GsX¦nepw Xt±i kzbw`cW Øm]\¯nt\m, I¼\nt¡m, kzImcy Øm]\¯nt\m, tImÀ¸tdjt\m, AÀ² kÀ¡mÀ Øm]\¯nt\m th­n `qan s]m¶pwhnebvs¡Spt¡­n hcpt¼mÄ {]kvXpX Øm]\w \nÀ±nã ^md¯n Hcp DS¼Sn {]amWw sNt¿­Xp­v. {]kvXpX DS¼Sn A\pkcn¨v Hcp {]tXyI Bhiy¯n\pth­n s]m¶pwhnebvs¡Sp¡p¶ `qan aämhiy§Ä¡v th­n D]tbmKn¡m³ ]mSpÅXÃ. Hcp I¼\nbv¡p th­n s]m¶pwhnebvs¡Sp¯ `qan kÀ¡mcnsâ A\paXn IqSmsX hn¡pItbm, ]Wbs¸Sp¯pItbm, ]m«¯n\p sImSp¡pItbm, Zm\w sImSp¡pItbm sN¿m³ ]mSpÅXÃ. DS¼Sn {]amWw sN¿p¶ Øm]\¯n\v DS¼Snbnse \n_Ô\IÄ ]men¡m³ _m²yXbp­v. AXn\m C{]Imcw DS¼Sn {]amWw sN¿p¶ Hmtcm Øm]\hpw AXnse \n_Ô\IÄ ]men¡p¶pt­m F¶p ]cntim[nt¡­Xv hntÃPv D tZymK ØcpsS ISa BIp¶ p.CXntebv ¡ p th­n Hmtcm hntÃtPm^oknepw Hcp {]tXyI cPnÌÀ kq£nt¡­XpamWv.

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hntÃPv DtZymKØcpw kÀ«n^n¡äpIfpw 223. kÀ«n^n¡ävþ (1) GsX¦nep w H¶ ns\ kw _Ô n¨v hniZ amb At\zjWtam, ]cntim[\tbm ]T\tam \S¯n BbXnsâ \nP ØnXn Dd¸phcp¯n X¿mdm¡p¶ tcJIfmWv km£y]{X§Ä. dh\yq hIp¸n \n¶pw hyànIÄ, IpSpw_§Ä, Øm]\§Ä, `qan F¶nhbpambn _Ôs¸« hnhn[§fmb km£y]{X§Ä A\phZn¨p hcp¶p. Chbn H«\h[n km£y]{X§Ä A\phZn¡m³ hntÃPv Hm^oksd NpaXes¸Sp¯n bn«pÅXmWv. IqSmsX XlknÂZmtcm, aäv D¶X dh\yq DtZymKØtcm A\phZnt¡­Xmb km£y]{X§fpsS kwKXnbn bYmhn[n At\zjWw \S¯n XlknÂZmÀ¡v dnt¸mÀ«v kaÀ¸n¡m\pw hntÃP v Hm^okÀ NpaXes¸«ncn¡p¶p. (2) ]«nIPmXn/]«nI tKm{X hÀ¤ kapZmb km£y]{Xw, A\´cm hImi kÀ«n^n¡äv F¶nhsbmgnsIbpÅ Hs«Ãm km£y]{X§fpw kwØm\ kÀ¡mÀ Bhiy§Ä¡mtbm kwØm\¯n\pÅnepÅ tI{µkÀ¡mÀ Øm]\§sfmgnsIbpÅ Øm]\§Ä¡mtbm A\phZn¡m³ hntÃPv Hm^oksd NpaXes¸Sp¯nbn«p­v. F¶m ]«nIPmXn/]«nI tKm{X hÀ¤ kÀ«n^n¡äv, A\´cmhImi kÀ«n^n¡äv, kwØm\m´c Bhiy§Ä¡pÅ kÀ«n^n¡äpIÄ, tI{µkÀ¡mÀ Bhiy§Ä¡pÅ kÀ«n^n¡äpIÄ F¶nh A\phZn¡p¶Xv XlknÂZmÀamcmWv. 224. At]£I³þ (1) km[mcWKXnb n d h\yq hIp ¸n \n¶p w A\phZn¡p¶ FÃm¯cw kÀ«n^n¡äpIÄ¡pw At]£n¡p¶bmÄ Hcn´y³ ]uc\mbncnt¡­XmWv. F¶m C³Uybn thcpIÄ DÅXpw C³Uy³ ]ucXzw Dt]£n¨ tijw aäp cmPy§fpsS ]ucXzw t\Snbhcpamb hyànIÄ¡v Cu hyhØ _m[IaÃm¯XmWv . C¯c¡mÀ¡v AhÀ 141


Ahkm\ambn Xmakn¨ncp¶ hntÃPv ]cn[nbnse hntÃPv Hm^okÀ ap¼msItbm _ Ôs¸« Xlkn ZmÀ ap ¼msItb m hnhn[ km£y]{X§Ä¡mbn At]£ kaÀ¸n¡mhp¶XmWv. IqSmsX C³Uybn kz´ambn `qan k¼mZn¨n«pÅ hntZinIfmbhÀ¡pw `qan kw_Ôamb km£y]{X§Ä¡mbn {]kvXpX `qan ØnXn sN¿p¶ hntÃPv Hm^okÀ ap ¼msItb m _Ô s¸ « XlknÂZ mÀ ap¼msItbm At] £ kaÀ¸n¡mhp¶XmWv. (2) At]£ kaÀ¸n¡p¶bmÄ 1875 se C³Uy³ {]mb]qÀ¯n \nba¯n \nÀ®bn¨ {]ImcapÅ {]mb]qÀ¯n Bb Bfmbncnt¡­XmWv. ssa\ÀamcpsStbm am\knI shÃphnfn t\cnSp¶hcptStbm t]cn kÀ«n^n¡äv BhiyapÅ kwKXnbn amXm]nXm¡tfm, \nbam\pkrXw NpaXes¸Sp¯s¸« c£nXm¡tfm BIWw At]£ kaÀ¸nt¡­Xv. F¶m CþUnkv{SnIväv aptJ\ At]£ kaÀ¸n¡p¶ Ahkc§fn kÀ«n^n¡äv BhiyapÅbmÄ F¶Xn\p t\À¡v AhÀ ssa\Àamcmbncp¶mepw icn Xs¶ BcpsS t]cnemtWm km£y]{Xw BhiyapÅXv AhcpsS t]cmbncn¡Ww tcJs¸Spt¯­Xv. C ¯c ¯n CþUnkv{SnIv ä v ]²Xnbn ssa\Àamc psS t] cn km£ y] {X§Ä¡mbn At] £n¡p t¼mÄ At] £m t^md¯ nsâ Ahkm\`mK¯v At]£Isâ t]cv F¶ `mK¯v amXm]nXm¡fpsStbm \nbam\pkrX c£nXmhnsâtbm t]cv tNÀt¡­Xpw kÀ«n^n¡äv BhiyapÅbmfpambn At]£I\pÅ _Ôw tcJs¸Spt¯­XpamWv. (3) dh\yq hIp¸n hnhn[ DtZymKØÀ¡v `qanimkv { X]camb A[nImcmXnÀ¯nIÄ \nÀ®bn¨p \ÂInbn«pÅXn\m At]£Isâ ØnchmkØew GXv DtZymKØsâ A[nImc ]cn[nbnemtWm DÄs¸Sp¶Xv {]kvXpX DtZymKس ap¼msIbmWv At]£ kaÀ¸nt¡­Xv. Ønc XmakØew F¶XpsIm­v Dt±in¡p¶Xv HcmÄ Bdpamk¯ne[nIambpw Øncambpw IpSpw_ambpw Ømhc§tfm PwKa§tfm BÀÖn¨v Xmakn¨p hcp¶ {]tZisa¶mWv. tPmen kw_Ôamb Bhiy§Ä¡mtbm hnZym`ymk Bhiy§Ä¡mtbm th­n Xm¡menIambn asämcp {]tZi¯v Xmaknt¡­n h¶m {]kvXp Imebfhv Bdpamk¯ne[nIcn¨mepw Xm¡menI Xmak Ø es¯ dh\yq Hm^o kp If n kÀ« n^n¡äp IÄ¡mbn At] £ kaÀ¸n¡m\mInÃm¯XmWv. F¶m `qan kw_Ôamb km£y]{X§Ä¡v ØncXmak hyhØ _m[IaÃm¯Xpw GXptZymKØsâ A[nImc] cn[nbnepÄs¸« {]tZi¯mtWm `qan ØnXn sN¿p¶Xv {]kvXpX DtZymKس ap¼msI At]£ kaÀ¸n¡mhp¶XpamWv. ]«nIPmXn/]«nI tKm{X hÀ¤ hn`mK§sfmgnsIbpÅ FÃm hn`mKw BfpIfpw kÀ«n^n¡äpIÄ¡mbn kaÀ¸n¡p¶ At]£bn 5 cq]bpsS tImÀ«v ^o Ìm¼v ]Xn¨ncnt¡­XmWv. 225. At]£IÄ X¿mdm¡p¶Xvþ (1) dh\yq hIp¸ v \nÀ®bn¨n«p Å kÀ«n^n¡äpIÄ¡mbn c­pXcw s]mXp At]£IÄ GÀs¸Sp¯nbn«pÅXmWv.


H¶mat¯Xv `qan kw_Ôamb Bhiy§Ä¡mbpw c­mat¯Xv hyàn/ IpSpw__Ô km£y ]{X§Ä¡mbpamWv GÀs¸Sp¯nbn«pÅXv. ChbpsS amXrIIÄ A\p_Ôwþ 13 Bbn tNÀ¯ncn¡p¶p. CþUnkv{SnIväv ]²Xn aptJ\ At]£IÄ kaÀ¸n¡pt¼mgpw C¯cw amXrIbn Xs¶bmWv At]£IÄ X¿mdmt¡­Xv.dh\yq hIp¸v \njv¡Àjn¨n«nÃm¯Xpw aäp kÀ¡mÀ hIp¸pItfm, Øm]\§tfm Bhiys¸Sp¶Xpamb km£y]{X§Ä A\phZn¡m³ Hcp kÀ¡mÀ D¯chneqsS kÀ¡mÀ dh\yq A[nIrXsc NpaXes¸Sp¯nbn«pÅ ]£w A¯cw km£y]{X§Ä e`n¡p¶Xntebv¡mbn shÅ¡Semkn _Ôs¸« A[nImcn ap¼msI At]£ kaÀ¸n¡mhp¶XmWv. d h\yq hIp ¸v \njv¡Àjn¨n« pÅtXm kÀ ¡mÀ D¯ chp ap tJ \ \njv¡Àjn¨n«pÅtXm Bb km£y]{X§Ä am{Xta hntÃPv DtZymKØÀ A\phZn¡m³ ]mSpÅq. kzImcy Øm]\§Ä ap¼msItbm kzImcy hyànIfpsS ap¼msItbm kaÀ¸n¡p¶Xn\mbmWv Bhiys¸«n«pÅsX¦n km£y]{X§Ä A\phZn¡m³ ]mSpÅXÃ. 226. At]£bnt·Â kzoIcnt¡­ s]mXphmb \S]SnIÄþ (1) hnhn[ km£y]{X§Ä¡mbn At]£IÄ e`n¨m kzoIcnt¡­ s]mXphmb \S]Sn{Ia§f mWv tc JIfp sS ] cntim[\, {]mtZ inImt\zjWw , At]£I\n \nt¶m, ]cnkchmknIfn \nt¶m kXyhmMvaqew kzoIcn¡Â F¶nh. At]£Isâ ØncXmakw km[mcWKXnbn tdj³ ImÀUv ]cntim[n¨v t_m[ys¸Smhp¶XmWv. tdj³ ImÀUnsâ A`mh¯n Xt±i kzbw`cW Øm]\m[nIrXÀ A\phZn¡p¶ ØncXmak kÀ«n^n¡äv , {]mtZinImt\zjW¯n e`n¡p¶ hnhc§Ä F¶nh ØncXmak¯n\pÅ sXfnhpIfmbn kzoIcn¡mhp¶XmWv. hntZi ]uc·mÀ, hntZi C³Uy¡mÀ F¶nhcpsS At]£bvs¡m¸w ]ucXzw sXfnbn¡p¶Xn\pÅ B[nImcnI tcJbmb ]mkvt]mÀ«v ]IÀ¸pIÄ IqSn e`yam¡n ]cntim[n¡m³ hntÃPv Hm^okÀ _m[yØ\mWv. (2) At]£IcpsS PmXn, hcpam\w, ØncXmakw, AhIminIfpsS hnhc§Ä, sshhmlnImhØ, `qanbnse ssIhimhImiw F¶n§s\bpÅ hnhn[§fmb km£y]{X§fpsS At]£Ifnt·Â Hgn¨pIqSm\mIm¯ \S]Sn{IaamWv {]mtZinImt\zjWw. At]£Isâ ØncXmak hkXnbpsS ]cnkc{]tZi§fnse ØncXmak¡mtcmtSm Øm]\§Ä \S¯p¶htcmtSm At]£ XoÀ¸m¡p¶Xn\mhiyamb hnhc§Ä Bcmªv hnhctiJcWw \S¯p¶ coXnbmWv {]tZinImt\zjWw F¶XpsIm­v Dt±in¡p¶Xv . At\zjW¯n e`yamb hnhc§Ä {]tXyIambn tcJs¸Sp¯n kq£n¡m³ hntÃPv Hm^oktdm, At±lw CXn\mbn NpaXes¸Sp¯p¶ aäp hntÃPv D tZ ymKØ tc m _m[yØc mWv . PmXn/kap Zmb kÀ «n^n¡ä pIÄ A\p hZ nt¡­n hc pt¼mÄ \nehn A\p hZ n¨ km£ y] {Xw lmPcm¡nbn«ps­¦n t]mepw ]pXpXmbn km£y]{Xw A\phZn¡p¶Xn\v 143


\nÀ_Ôambpw {]tZinImt\zjWw \S¯nbncnt¡­XmWv. At]£I³ Bhiys¸« km£y]{Xw kw_Ôn¨ \nPØnXn t_m²ys¸Sp¶Xn\pÅ Gähpw hnizk\o bamb amÀ KamsW¶ Xn\m kÀ «n^n¡ä pIÄ A\phZn¡p¶Xn Hgn¨pIqSm\mIm¯ \S]Sn{IaamWv {]mtZinImt\zjWw. (3) {]mtZinImt\zjW thfbn {]tZihmknIfn \n¶pw e`n¡p¶ hn hc §f n sFIyc q] yanà msX hc pt¼mgp w kw ib n¡m³ X¡ ImcW§fps­¶v At\zjW DtZymKس IcpXpt¼mgpw IqSpX sXfnhv F¶ \nebn ]cnkchmknIfn \n¶pw At\zjW hnjbhpambn _Ôs¸«v samgn tiJcn¡mhp¶XmWv . At]£Isâ Ab¡mcpw {]mb]qÀ¯n bmbhcpamb BfpIfn \n¶pamWv C{]Imcw samgn kzoIcn¡mhp¶Xv. ]«nIPmXn/]«nI tKm{XhÀ¤ kapZmb kÀ«n^n¡äp Ifpambn _Ôs¸«pÅ tIkpIfn At]£Isâ AtX PmXn hn`mK¯nÂs¸« Ab km£nIfn \n¶pamIWw samgn tiJcnt¡­Xv. samgn tiJcn¡p¶Xn\mbn km£nIfpsS hkXnbnse¯nbmbncn¡Ww samgn tiJcnt¡­Xv. bmsXmcp ImcWhimepw samgn tiJcn¡p¶Xn\mbn AbÂkm£nIsf Hm^okntebv ¡ v hnfn¨p hcp¯m³ ]mSpÅXÃ. At]£I\n \nt¶m AbÂkm£nIfn \nt¶m tiJcn¡p¶ kXyhmMvaqew/samgn F¶nh shÅ¡Semkn tcJs¸Sp¯nbm aXnbmhp¶XmWv. C¯c¯n kXyhmMv aqew AYhm samgn tcJs¸Sp ¯pt¼mÄ sXämbtXm hymPambtXm Bb hnhcw \ÂIp¶ ]£w BbXv C³Uy³ in£m\nba¯nse 177þmw hIp¸v {]Imchpw samgnbntem kXyhmMvaqe¯ntem Xsâ Is¿m¸p tNÀ¡m³ A{]Imcw samgn \ÂInb hyàn hnk½Xn¡p¶Xv C³Uy³ in£m \nba¯nse 180þmw hIp¸v {]Imchpw in£mÀlamb IpäIrXy§fmbncn¡p¶XmWv. 227. hntÃPv Hm^okÀ A\phZn¡p¶ km£y]{X§Äþ (1) NphsS tNÀ¡p¶ km£y]{X§Ä hntà Pv H m^okÀ A\phZn¨p hcp ¶p . C ¯c w kÀ«n^n¡äpIÄ¡mbn CþUnkv{SnIväv aptJ\tbm t\cnt«m hntÃPv Hm^okÀ ap¼msIbmWv At]£IÄ kaÀ¸n¡s¸Sp¶Xv . kwØm\ kÀ¡mÀ Bhiy§Ä¡mbpw kwØm\¯n\pÅnse tI{µ kÀ¡mÀ Øm]\§sfmgn sIb pÅ kÀ¡mÀ /s]mXp taJe m/ [\Imcy Ø m] \§fnþ se bp w (\mjWssekvU/v sjUyqÄUv) kÀ«n^n¡äpIÄ A\phZn¡p¶Xn\p am{XamWv hntÃPv Hm^okÀ¡v A[nImcapÅXv. kzImcy Øm]\§Ä/kzImcy hyànIÄ ap¼msI lmPcm¡p¶Xn\mbn bmsXmcp ImcWhimepw km£y]{X§Ä A\phZn¡m³ ]mSp ÅXÃ. Xlkn ZmÀ A\phZnt¡­ Fà m km£y]{X§fnep w \nÝnX Ime] cn[nbv¡p Ån kÀ «n^n¡ä v A\phZnt¡­XpÅXn\m bmsXmcp ImeXmakhpw IqSmsX dnt¸mÀ«pIÄ kaÀ¸n¡m³ hntÃPv Hm^okÀ _m[yØ\mWv . hntÃPv Hm^okÀ¡v A\phZn¡mhp¶ km£y]{X§Ä, kÀ«n^n¡äv A\phZnt¡­ kab]cn[n, kÀ«n^n¡änsâ km[yXmImebfhv, A¸oe[nImcn F¶nh NphsS tNÀ¡p¶p.


{Ia \w. 1

kÀ«n^n¡äv

kab]cn[n

km[pXm Imebfhv A¸oe[nImcn

ssIhimhImi kÀ«n^n¡äv

7 Znhk¯n\Iw

{]tXyI Bhiy¯n\mbn

XlknÂZmÀ

2

semt¡j³ kÀ«n^n¡äv

5 Znhk¯n\Iw

{]tXyI Bhiy¯n\mbn

XlknÂZmÀ

3

semt¡j³ am¸v

5 Znhk¯n\Iw

{]tXyI Bhiy¯n\mbn

XlknÂZmÀ

4

hmeyqthj³

15 Znhk¯n\Iw

{]tXyI Bhiy¯n\mbn

XlknÂZmÀ

5

tkmÄh³kn kÀ«n^n¡äv

15 Znhk¯n\Iw

6

t\änhnän kÀ«n^n¡äv

5 Znhk¯n\Iw

BPoh\m´w

XlknÂZmÀ

7

sUmanssk kÀ«n^n¡äv

3 Znhk¯n\Iw

BPoh\m´w

XlknÂZmÀ

8

ØncXmak kÀ«n^n¡äv

3 Znhk¯n\Iw

{]tXyI XlknÂZmÀ Bhiy¯n\mbn

9

c­pw HcmfmsW¶ km£y]{Xw

5 Znhk¯n\Iw

{]tXyI Bhiy¯n\mbn

10

Xncn¨dnb kÀ«n^n¡äv

5 Znhk¯n\Iw

10 hÀjt¯bv¡v

11

sse^v kÀ«n^n¡äv

5 Znhk¯n\Iw

{]tXyI XlknÂZmÀ Bhiy¯n\mbn

12

dntej³jn¸v kÀ«n^n¡äv

5 Znhk¯n\Iw

{]tXyI XlknÂZmÀ Bhiy¯n\mbn

13

hn[h/hn`mcy³ kÀ«n^n¡äv

5 Znhk¯n\Iw

{]tXyI XlknÂZmÀ Bhiy¯n\mbn

14

IpSpw_mwK kÀ«n^n¡äv

6 Znhk¯n\Iw

3 hÀjt¯bv¡v XlknÂZmÀ

15

B{inX

7 Znhk¯n\Iw 145

{]tXyI XlknÂZmÀ Bhiy¯n\mbn

{]tXyI

XlknÂZmÀ

XlknÂZmÀ


16

kÀ«n^n¡äv AKXn kÀ«n^n¡äv

5 Znhk¯n\Iw

Bhiy¯n\mbn 3 XlknÂZmÀ hÀjt¯bv¡v

17

PmXn kÀ«n^n¡äv (OBC, SEBC, OEC, General)

kwibw CÃm¯ tIkpIfn 3 Znhk¯n\Iw

3 hÀjt¯bv¡v

XlknÂZmÀ

18

hcpam\ kÀ«n^n¡äv

6 Znhk¯n\Iw

1 hÀjt¯bv¡v XlknÂZmÀ

19

an{iPmXn hnhml kÀ«n^n¡äv

7 Znhk¯n\Iw

{]tXyI XlknÂZmÀ Bhiy¯n\mbn

20

t\m¬ {IoaosebÀ kÀ«n^n¡äv

7 Znhk¯n\Iw

1 hÀjt¯bv¡v XlknÂZmÀ

228. XlknÂZmÀ \ÂIp¶ km£y]{X§fnse At\zjW dnt¸mÀ«pIÄþ XlknÂZmÀ A\phZn¡p¶ FÃm¯cw km£y]{X§fnt·ep apÅ At]£IÄ ]cntim[n¨v {]amW ]cntim[\, {]mtZinImt\zjWw F¶nh \S¯nbpw, Ahiyw th­ tIkpIfn kXyhmMvaqetam km£nsamgnItfm tcJs¸Sp¯nbpw hniZamb dnt¸mÀ«v CþUnkv{SnIväv aptJ\tbm AÃmsXtbm XlknÂZmÀ¡v kaÀ¸n¡m³ hntÃPv Hm^okÀ _m[yØ\mWv. 229. CþUnkv{SnIväv ]²Xnþ dh\yq hIp¸v t\cn«v \nÝbn¨n«pÅXmb FÃm km£y]{X§fpw \nehn CþUnkv{SnIväv ]²XnbnepÄs¸Sp¯n Hm¬sse\mbn A\phZn¨p hcp¶p. CþUnkv{SnIväv ]²Xn {]Imcw e`n¡p¶ At]£Ifn Scrutiny, Field Verification, Data base verification F¶o tPmenIÄ hntÃPv Hm^oktdm kv s ]jy hntÃPv Hm^oktdm BWv \nÀÆlnt¡­Xv . km£y]{Xw A\phZn¡pItbm (Approval) ip]mÀitbm dnt¸mÀt«m klnXw XlknÂZmÀ¡bbv¡pItbm sNt¿­Xv Hm^okdpsS NpaXebmWv. 230. kÀ«n^n¡äpIfnt·epÅ A¸oepIÄþ (1) hntÃPv Hm^okÀ A\phZn¡p¶ km£y]{X§sf kw_Ôn¨pÅ A¸oepIÄ XoÀ¸m¡p¶Xv XlknÂZmÀamcmWv. AImcWambn kÀ«n^n¡äv \nckn¨p, sXämb kÀ«n^n¡äv A\phZn¨p, \nÝnX kab]cn[n Ignªn«pw kÀ«n^n¡äv A\phZn¨nà F¶p XpS§nb Bt£]§Ä kw_Ôn¨v kÀ«n^n¡äv e`n¨tXm \nckn¨psIm­pÅ Adnbn¸v e`n¨tXm Bb XobXnbn \nt¶m AYhm kÀ«n^n¡äv e`nt¡­Xmb \nÝnX XobXnbn \nt¶m 30 Znhk¯n\Iw At]£I\v


XlknÂZmÀ ap¼msI A¸o kaÀ¸n¡mhp¶XmWv . shÅ¡Semkn X¿mdm¡n kaÀ¸n¡p¶ At]£bn 100 cq]bpsS tImÀ«v ^o Ìm¼v ]Xn¨nc nt¡­Xp w At]£ \nc kn¨p sIm­pÅ Adnbn¸v e `n¨ kÀ«n^n¡änssâ ]IÀ¸v F¶nh DÅS¡w sNt¿­XpamWv. 30 Znhk§Ä¡p tijw e`n¡p¶ A¸oepIÄ ]cnKW\mÀlaÃm¯XmWv. (2) A¸oepIfnt·Â XlknÂZmÀ t\cnt«m NmÀÖm^okÀ aptJ\tbm At\zjWw \S¯p¶Xpw DNnXamb Xocpam\saSp¡p¶Xpambncn¡pw. hntÃPv Hm^okÀ A\phZn¡p¶ kÀ«n^n¡äpIÄ d±v sN¿m\pQ \nÀ±nã hnhc§Ä tNÀ¯v kÀ«n^n¡än amä§Ä hcp¯n \ÂImt\m ]pXpXmbn kÀ«n^n¡äv \ÂImt\m hntÃPv Hm^oktdmSv \nÀt±in¡m\pw A¸oe[nImcn F¶ \nebn XlknÂZmÀ¡v A[nImcap­mbncn¡p¶XmWv. C¯c¯n A¸o Xocpam\w e`n¨m c­p Znhk¯n\Iw BbXv \S¸nem¡m³ hntÃPv Hm^okÀ _m[yØ\mWv.

(F) `qanbpambn _Ôs¸« km£y]{X§Ä 231. ssIhimhImi kÀ«n^n¡ävþ (1) Hcp Title {]Imcw `qanbpsS ta \ncmt£]amb DSaØXbpw bYmÀ°amb ssIhihpw A\p`hhpw DÅ `qanIÄ¡mWv ssIhimhImi kÀ«n^n¡äv A\phZn¡mhp¶Xv. `qanbnt·Â At]£I\pÅ DSaØmhImiw Dd¸phcp¯p¶Xn\mbn B[mc/]«b/tImSXn Un{In/hn¸\ kÀ«n^n¡äv , IcaS¨ ckoXv F¶nhbpsS ]IÀ¸pIÄ ]cntim[n¡mhp¶XmWv. At]£bvs¡m¸w lmPcmt¡­ C¯cw tcJIfpsS ]IÀ¸pIÄ ]cntim[n¨pw hntÃPv dn¡mÀUpIÄ {]Imcw DSaØX ]cntim[n¨pw Øe]cntim[\ \S¯n ssIhiw t_m[ys¸«pw ssIhimhImi kÀ «n^n¡ä v A\phZn¡mhp ¶XmWv . t\cn«p Å ]c ntim[\bn ssIhiaps­¶p I­mepw NphsS tNÀ¡p¶bn\w `qanIÄ¡v ssIhi kÀ«n^n¡äv A\phZn¡m³ ]mSpÅXÃ. (i)

\n£n]vX h\`qan (Vested Forest)

(ii)

kwc£nX h\`qan (Reserve Forest)

(iii) an¨`qan (Surplus Land) (iv) kÀ¡mÀ s]m¶pwhnebvs¡Sp¯ `qan (v)

t_m«vþC³þem³Uv (Bought-in-Land)

(2) kÀ¡mÀ `qanIÄ A\[nIrXambn ssIhiw h¨ncn¡p¶hsc GsX¦nepw kÀ¡mÀ `h\ ]²XnIfntebv¡v ]cnKWn¡p¶Xn\p th­n 147


kÀ¡mÀ D¯chv {]Imcw \njv ¡ Àjn¡p¶ ]cnanX hyhØIÄ¡pw \n_Ô\IÄ¡pw hnt[bambn ssIhikÀ«n^n¡äv A\phZnt¡­XpÅ ]£w hniZamb dnt¸mÀ«v X¿mdm¡n XlknÂZmÀ¡v \ÂIm³ hntÃPv Hm^okÀ _m[yØ\mWv. C¯cw kwKXnIfn ssIhi kÀ«n^n¡äv A\phZn¡p¶Xv XlknÂZmÀamcmbncn¡pw. ssIhi kÀ«n^n¡äv H¶p am{Xta A\phZn¡mhq F¶p hyhØbnÃm¯XmWv. dh\yq dn¡hdn DÄs¸sSbpÅ _m²yXIÄ DÅ ]£w {]kvXpX hnhcw dnamÀ¡mbn tcJs¸Sp¯n am{Xta ssIhi kÀ«n^n¡äv A\phZn¡mhq. 232. semt¡j³ kÀ«n^n¡ävþ ssIhi kÀ«n^n¡äv A\phZn¡p¶Xn\v tbmKyamb ssIhi `qanbn F¯nt¨cp¶Xn\pÅ amÀKw hmNycqt]W t_m[ys¸Sp¯n \ÂIp¶ km£y]{XamWnXv . ssIhi kÀ«n^n¡äv A\phZn¡p¶Xn\v \nÝbn¨n«pÅ tcJIÄ Cu km£y]{X¯nsâ Imcy¯nepw _m[IamWv. At]£m hkvXphn\v kao]apÅ GsX¦nepw Hcp {][m\ PMvj\n IqSnbpÅ tdmUn \n¶mcw`n¨v ZniIsf ASnØm\s¸Sp¯nbpw {][m\ tSmt¸mhnhc§Ä kqNn¸n¨pw At]£m hkvXphn F¯nt¨cm\pÅ Gähpw Ffp¸amÀKamWnXn ]cmaÀint¡­Xv. 233. semt¡j³ am¸vþ semt¡j³ kÀ«n^n¡äv Hcp {]tXyI `qanbn F¯nt¨cm\pÅ amÀKw hmNycqt]W ]cmaÀin¡p¶psh¦n {]kvXpX amÀKw \nÝnX kvsIbnen tcJs¸Sp¯n \ÂIp¶XmWv semt¡j³ am¸v. At]£m hkvXphn\p kao]apÅ {][m\ PwMvj\n \n¶mcw`n¨v tdmUpamÀ¤w At]£m hkvX phn F¯nt¨cp¶ hgn tcJs¸Sp¯n \ÂIpIbmWv sNt¿­Xv. semt¡j³ am¸v X¿mdm¡pt¼mÄ \of AfhpIÄ tcJs¸Sp¯m³ ]mSnÃm¯Xpw am¸v X¿mdm¡nbXv hntÃPv Hm^okdsæn ""am¸v X¿mdm¡nbbmÄ'' F¶v am¸n\p NphsS CSXp`mK¯mbn tcJs¸Sp¯ns¡m­v t]cpw Øm\t¸cpw H¸pw tcJs¸Spt¯­XpamWv. 234. `qanbpsS hne \nÀ®b kÀ«n^n¡äv: (Valuation Certificate)- (1) \ncmt£]amb DSaØXbpw ssIhimhImihpapÅXpamb `qanIfpsSbpw AXnse Nab§fpsSbpw aqeyw \nÀ®bn¨p \ÂIp¶ km£y]{XamWnXv. `qanbpsS DSaØX sXfnbn¡p¶Xn\pÅ tcJIÄ, k_v cPnkv{SmÀ Hm^okn \n¶pw e`yam¡nb _m[yXm kÀ«n^n¡äv, `q\nIpXn HSp¡nb ckoXv F¶nh ]cntim[n¨pw At]£Isâ ssIhiw t_m[ys¸«pamIWw Cu km£y]{Xw A\phZnt¡­Xv. At]£m hkvXphn\v kam\hpw (Xcw, DbÀ¨ XmgvNIÄ XpS§nbh) kam\ØnXhpambXpw (hgn kuIcyw) At]£mhkvXphn\v 3 In.ao. Npäfhn\pÅn ØnXn sN¿p¶Xpamb hkvXp¡fpsS hnebm[mc§Ä ]cntim[n¨mIWw `qanbpsS aqeyw Xn«s¸Spt¯­Xv . C¯c¯n hnebm[mc§Ä ASnØm\m[mc§fmbn kzoIcn¡pt¼mÄ At]£m XobXnbn \n¶pw ]n¶ntebv ¡ v aq¶p hÀj¯n\pÅn Nabv ¡ s¸« B[mc§Ä am{Xta kzoIcn¡m³ ]mSpÅq. IqSmsX 2.02 Bdn Xmsg


hnkvXoÀ ®apÅ `qan ssIamä w kw _Ô n¨ ASnØm\m[mc§fmbn ]cnKWn¡m³ ]mSnÃm¯XmWv.

hne bm[mc§Ä

(2) At]£m hkvXp, ASnØm\m[mc§fmbn kzoIcn¨ hkvXp¡Ä F¶nhbpsS \¸p \n¸p ImWn¡p¶ hniZamb alkdpIÄ ChsbÃmw tNcp¶ {Kq¸v kvsI¨v F¶nhbpw H¸w hniZamb hne \nÀ®b dnt¸mÀ«pw X¿mdmt¡­XpamWv. hne \nÀ®b dnt¸mÀ«n ASnØm\m[mc `qanIÄ {Iaambpw {]tXyIambpw ]cmaÀint¡­Xpw At]£m hkvXphpambn {]kvXpX hkv Xphn\pÅ kmayw, Øm\kmayw F¶nh hniZamt¡­Xpw Gähpw kam\sa¶ p ImWp¶ `qanbp sS B[mc hne `q anb psS hne bmbn Xn«s¸Sp¯mhp¶XpamWv. F¶m C{]Imcw Xn«s¸Sp¯p¶ hnebn hyàhpw bpàn]chpamb ImcW§fpÅ ]£w A¡mcWw hne \nÀ®b dnt¸mÀ«n tcJs¸Sp¯ns¡m­v ASnØm\ hkvXphnebpsS ap¸Xp iXam\w XpI hÀ²n¸n¡pItbm Ipdbv¡pItbm sN¿p¶Xn\v kÀ«n^n¡äv A\phZn¡p¶ DtZymKØ\v A[nImcap­mbncn¡p¶XmWv. (3) hne \nÀ®bw \St¯­ `qanbn Nab§fpÅ ]£w (sI«nS§Ä) AhbpsS aXn¸phne IqSn DÄs¸Sp¯nbmWv km£y]{Xw A\phZnt¡­Xv. sI«nS¯nsâ aqeyw A³]Xn\mbncw cq]bn XmsgbmsW¦n BbXv hntÃPv Hm^okÀ¡v \nÀ®bn¡mhp¶XmWv . F¶m At]£m hkv X phn A³]Xn\mbncw cq]bne[nIw aXn¸phnebpÅ sI«nS§fmsW¦n _Ôs¸« s]mXpacma¯v hIp¸v (sI«nS hn`mKw) F©n\obdn \n¶pw {]kv XpX sI«nS¯ nsâ hne \nÀ®b kÀ «n^n¡ä v e`yam¡n Bb Xp IqSn DÄs¸Sp¯nbmIWw `qanbpsS hne \nÀ®b kÀ«n^n¡äv A\phZnt¡­Xv. (4) dh\yq dn¡hdn, tImSXn P]vXn, aäp _m²yXIÄ F¶nhbps­¦n {]kvXpX hnhcw tcJs¸Sp¯ns¡m­pw _m²yXbnepÄs¸« XpI `qan hnebn \n¶pw Ipdhpw sNbvXpw am{Xta `qanhne \nÀ®b kÀ«n^n¡äv A\phZn¡mhq. (5) kwØm\ kÀ¡mÀ Bhiy§Ä¡pÅXpw kwØm\¯n\pÅnse tI{µ kÀ¡mÀ HgnsIbpÅ aäp Øm]\§fntebv¡pÅXpw, `qan hne ]¯p e£w cq]bn A[nIcn¡m¯Xpamb km£y]{X§Ä hntÃPv Hm^okdpw tI{µ kÀ¡mÀ B hiy§Ä¡pw kwØ mt\Xc Bhiy§Ä¡p w ]¯pe£¯ne[nIw aqeyapÅ hkvXp¡fpsS kwKXnbnepw XlknÂZmcpw kÀ«n^n¡äv A\phZn¡p¶p. 235. tkmÄh³kn kÀ«n^n¡äv þ (1) `qan hne \nÀ®b kÀ«n^n¡än At]£m hkvXphnsâ \nehnse aqeyamWv Xn«s¸Sp¯n \ÂIp¶sX¦n At]£m hkvXphnsâ aqey¯nsâ ASnØm\¯n At]£Isâ BkvXn Xn«s¸Sp¯pI F¶XmWv tkmÄh³knsIm­v Dt±in¡p¶Xv. `qanbpsS DSaØX sXfnbn¡p¶ tcJIÄ, X³hÀjw \nIpXn HSp¡nb ckoXv ]IÀ¸v, k_v cPnkv {SmÀ Hm^okn \n¶pw e`yam¡nb _m[yXm kÀ«n^n¡äv , 149


At]£I³ t]cn hm§nb 100 cq] aqeyapÅ ap{Z]{Xw F¶nh klnXamWv At]£ kaÀ¸nt¡­Xv. (2) At]£m hkv X p, AXnse Nab§Ä F¶nhbpsS aqeyw Xn«s¸Sp¯p¶Xn\v `qanhne \nÀ®b kÀ«n^n¡än\v ASnØm\am¡p¶ AtX am\ZÞ§fmWv kzoIcnt¡­Xv. \nÝnX aqeyw Xn«s¸Sp¯nb tijw BbXv At]£Isâ Bkv X nbmbn IW¡m¡n At]£I³ t]cn hm§n lmPcm¡nb \qdp cq] aqeyapÅ ap{Z]{X¯n kÀ«n^n¡äv A\phZn¡p¶p. (3) dh\yq dn¡hdn, tImSXn P]vXn, aäp _m²yXIÄ F¶nhbps­¦n {]kvXpX hnhcw tcJs¸Sp¯ns¡m­pw _m²yXbnepÄs¸« XpI BkvXnbmbn Xn«s¸Sp¯nb XpIbn \n¶pw Ipdhp sNbvXpsIm­pw am{Xta tkmÄh³kn kÀ«n^n¡äv A\phZn¡mhq. (4) kwØm\ kÀ¡mÀ Bhiy§Ä¡pÅXpw kwØm\¯n\pÅnse tI{µ kÀ¡mÀ Øm]\§sfmgnsI aäp Øm]\§fntebv ¡ pÅXpw \nÀ®bn¡s¸« Bkv X n ]¯pe£w cq]bn A[nIcn¡m¯Xpamb km£y]{X§Ä hntÃPv Hm^okdpw tI{µkÀ¡mÀ Bhiy§Ä¡pw kwØmt\Xc Bhiy§Ä¡pw ]¯p e£¯ne[nIw BkvXn \nÀ®bn¡s¸« kwKXnIfnepw XlknÂZmcpamWv tkmÄh³kn kÀ«n^n¡äv A\phZn¡p¶Xv. (5) tkmÄh³kn kÀ«n^n¡änsâ amXrI NphsS tNÀ¡p¶p.

tkmÄh³kn kÀ«n^n¡äv ............................Xmeq¡n .........................hntÃPnÂ......................... Xmakw (ta hnemkw)...............................aI³/`mcybmb {io/{ioaXn...............................F¶bmÄ¡v kÀÆ kzmX{´yamb DSamhImiap ÅXpw hn ¸\mhImiapÅXp w _m²yXmclnXhpamb Ømhc kz¯p¡fn Øm]n¨v ..............................cq]bpsS (A£c¯nÂ) BkvXnbpÅXmsW¶ hnhcw CXn\m km£ys¸Sp¯p¶p.

Øew:............

H¸v:.......................

XobXn:...............

hntÃPv Hm^okÀ Hm^okv ap{Z

..............................


(_n) hyàn/IpSpw_ _Ô km£y]{X§Ä 236. t\änhnän kÀ«n^n¡ävþ (1) HcmÄ P·w sIm­v tIcfob\msW¶v km£ys¸Sp¯p¶XmWnXv . Xt±i kzbw`cW Øm]\§fn \n¶pw e`n¡p¶ P \\ kÀ« n^n¡äv t\ä nhnä n kÀ «n^n¡ä n\v ]Icamb n D]tbmKn¡msa¶Xn\m P\\ kÀ«n^n¡äv e`yamÃm¯bmfpIÄ¡v am{Xta km[mcW K Xnbn t\änhnän kÀ« n^n¡äv A\p hZ nt¡­Xp Åq . tIcf¯n\pÅn P\n¨bmfpIÄ¡v am{Xaà t\änhnän kÀ«n^n¡än\v AÀlXbpÅXv. tIcf¯n\p ]pd¯v P\n¨ hyànIÄ¡pw NphsS tNÀ¡p¶ \n_Ô\IÄ¡v hnt[bambn t\änhnän kÀ«n^n¡äv A\phZn¡mhp¶XmWv. (i)

amXm]nXm¡Ä c­pt]cpw tIcf¯n P\n¨p hfÀ¶hcmsW¦nÂ

(ii) amXm]nXm¡fnsemcmÄ tIcf¯n P\n¨p hfÀ¶bmfpw HcmÄ C³Uybnse asämcp kwØm\¯v P\n¨p hfÀ¶bmfpw BIpIbpw hnhmltijw c­pt]cpw tIcf¯n ØncXmak¡mcmbncn¡pIbpw sNbvXmÂ. 237. sUmanssk kÀ«n^n¡äv-þ t\änhnän¡v kam\amb km£y]{XamWnXv. HcmÄ tIcf¯n P\n¨phfÀ¶bmfmsW¶pw ChnsS ØncXmakamsW ¶pamWv Cu kÀ«n^n¡än km£ys¸Sp¯n \ÂtI­Xv. {][m\ambpw {]Xntcm[ tk\Ifntebv¡v A\phZn¡p¶ Cu km£y]{Xw P\\ kÀ«n^n¡äv, Ønc Xmak tcJIÄ F¶nh ]cntim[n¨pw {]mtZinImt\zjWw \S¯nbpamWv A\phZnt¡­Xv. 238. c­pw HcmfmsW¶ km£y]{Xw (One and the same Certificate)-þ(1) hyXykvXamb t]cpIfnednbs¸Sp¶Xv HcmÄ X¶sb¶v km£ys¸Sp¯n \ÂIp¶ km£y]{XamWnXv. At]£I\v hyXykvX§fmb t]cpIfps­¶Xv tcJIÄ ]cntim[n¨pw {]mtZinImt\zjWw \S¯nbpw Bhiysa¦n At]£Isâ kXyhmMv a qew, AbÂkm£n samgn F¶nh tiJcn¨pw t_m²ys¸«v km£ys¸Sp¯n \ÂImhp¶XmWv. (2) At] £Isâ t]c v H¶ mb nc n¡pIbp w hyXykvX§fmb taÂhnemk§fp­mbncn¡pIbpw sN¿p¶ Ahkc§fn hyXykv X taÂhnemk§fn Adnbs¸Sp¶bmÄ HcmÄ Xs¶sb¶ hnhcw tcJIÄ ] cntim[n¨pw {]mtZ inImt\zjWw \S¯ nb pw km£ ys¸Sp¯ n \ÂImhp¶XmWv . F¶m hyXykv X ta hnemkw ]cmaÀin¨n«pÅ tcJIfpsS A`mh¯n Hcp ImcWhimepw C¯csamcp km£y]{Xw A\phZn¡m³ ]mSnÃm¯XmWv. GsXms¡ tcJIfnemtWm HcmÄ¡v hyXykvX taÂhnemk§fpÅXv {]kv X pX tcJIfpsS t]cpw d^d³kv \¼cpw kqNn¸n¨psIm­mIWw C¯cw kÀ«n^n¡äpIÄ A\phZnt¡­Xv. 151


239. Xncn¨dnb km£y]{Xw (Identification Certificate)þ kÀ¡mÀ A\phZn¨n«pÅ sXscsªSp¸v Xncn¨dnb ImÀUv, B[mÀ ImÀUv, ss{UhnMv ssek³kv F¶n§s\bpÅ bmsXmcphn[amb Xncn¨dnb tcJIfpan Ãm¯bmfns\ GsX¦nepw Hc[nImcn ap¼msI Xncn¨dnbn¨p \ÂIp¶Xn\p klmbIcamb hn[¯n imcocnImSbmf§Ä tcJs¸Sp¯n \ÂIp¶ km£y]{XamWnXv. At]£Isâ t]cv, taÂhnemkw, hbkv F¶nh kqNn¸n¨ tijw ]pdsa ImWmhp¶Xpw kphyàhpamb c­p imcocnImSbmf§Ä tcJs¸Sp¯n km£ys¸Sp¯pIbmWv th­Xv . C¯cw km£y]{Xw A\phZn¡p¶Xntebv¡mbn _Ôs¸« A[nImcn Bhiysa¶v IcpXp¶ ]£w At]£It\mSv t\cn lmPcmIm³ \nÀt±in¡mhp¶XmWv. 240. Pohn¨ncn¡p¶p F¶ km£y]{Xw(Life Certificate)þ A t ] £ I ³ kÀ«n^n¡äv A\phZn¡p¶ XobXnbn Pohn¨ncn¡p¶p F¶XmWv Cu kÀ «n^n¡ä n km£ ys¸Sp¯ n \ tI­Xv . At]£ Isâ Ø nc Xmaktc JIÄ, Xnc n¨dnb tcJ IÄ F ¶nh ]c ntim[n¨p w {]mtZinImt\zjWw \S¯nbpw kÀ«n^n¡äv A\phZn¡mhp¶XmWv . kÀ«n^n¡äv A\phZn¡p¶ A[nImcn Bhiysa¶p IcpXp¶ ]£w At]£It\mSv t\cn lmPcmIm³ \nÀt±in¡mhp¶XmWv . F¶m {]mbm[nIy¯mtem tcmK§fmtem Ahicmb hyànIfmWv At]£Isc¦n A¯c¡msc Hm^okntebv¡v hnfn¨p hcp¯m³ ]mSnÃm¯Xpw hntÃPv DtZymKØÀ At]£Isâ hkXnbnse¯ n am{Xw hnhctiJcWw \St¯­XpamWv. 241. _Ôw sXfnbn¡p¶ km£y]{Xw (Relationship Certificate)þ At]£I\v asämcp hyànbpambpÅ cà_Ôtam hnhml _Ôtam km£ys¸Sp¯n \ÂIp¶ kÀ«n^n¡ämWnXv. _ÔpXzw sXfnbn¡m³ ]c ym]vXamb tcJ If psS ASnØ m\¯nep w Bhiyap Å ]£ w {]mtZinImt\zjWw \S¯nbpw kÀ«n^n¡äv A\phZn¡mhp¶XmWv . tdj³ImÀUv, k-vIqÄ kÀ«n^n¡äv, ]mkvt]mÀ«v, B[mc§Ä F¶nhsbms¡ hyànIfpsS ]ckv]c _Ôw sXfnbn¡m\pÅ tcJmaqew sXfnhn\mbn kzoIcn¡mhp¶XmWv. 242. hn[h/hn`mcy³ BsW¶ kÀ«n^n¡äv (Widow/Widower Certificate)-þ At]£Isâ/At]£IbpsS `mcy/`À¯mhv acWs¸«n«pÅXmbpw CWbpsS acWtijw At]£I³/At]£I ] p\Àhnhmlw sNbvXn«nÃm¯ XmsW¶papÅ km£y]{XamWnXv . acWs¸«bmfnsâ acWkÀ«n^n¡äv ]cntim[n¨pw {]tZinImt\zjWw \S¯nbpw Bhiysa¦n At]£I\n \n¶ pw kXyhmMvaq ew e `yam¡nbp w At]£ bnt·Â \S]SnIÄ kzoIcn¡mhp¶XmWv. 243. ØncXmak kÀ«n^n¡äv (Residence Certificate)- (1) At]£I³/


At] £I H cp hntÃP v ]c n[nb nse \nÝnX taÂhne mk¯n ØncXmakamsW¶v km£ys¸Sp¯pIbmWv th­Xv. ØncXmaksa¶ XpsIm­v Dt±in¡p¶Xv HcmÄ Bdpamk¯ne[nIambpw Øncambpw IpSpw_ambpw Ømhc§tfm PwKa§tfm BÀÖn¨v Xmakn¨phcp¶ {]tZisa¶mWv . tPmen kw_Ôtam hnZym`ymk kw_Ôtam Bb Bhiy§Ä¡mbn Xm¡menIambn asämcp {]tZi¯v Xmaknt¡­n h¶m {]kv X pX Imebfhv Bdpamk¯ne[nIcn¨mepw Xm¡menI Xmak Øes¯ ØncXmak {]tZiambn ]cnKWn¡m³ ]mSnÃm¯XmWv. (2) `qanbpsStbm sI«nS¯nsâtbm DSaØX kw_Ôn¡p¶ tcJIÄ, hmSI¨o «v F ¶nh ]c ntim[n¨p w {] mtZinImt\z jWw \S¯nbp w At]£bnt·Â XpSÀ \S]SnIÄ kzoIcn¡mhp¶XmWv. 244. B{inX\msW¶ km£y]{Xw (Dependency Certificate)þ At]£I³ kz´ambn aXnbmb hcpam\amÀ¤§fnÃm¯ kmlNcy¯n IpSpw_mwKamb asämcmsf B{ibn¨p Ignbp¶psh¦n B hnhcw km£ys¸Sp¯n \ÂImhp¶XmWv . At]£Isâbpw IpSpw_mwK§fpsSbpw sXmgnÂ, km¼¯nImhØ, F¶nh ]cntim[n¨pw B{ibXzw sXfnbn¡p¶Xn\pÅ tcJIÄ ]cntim[nt¨m {]mtZinImt\zjWw \S¯ntbm kXyhmMvaqew, AbÂkm£nsamgn F¶nh tcJs¸Sp¯ns¡mt­m At]£ XoÀ¸p I¸n¡mhp¶XmWv. 245. IpSpw_mwKXz kÀ«n^n¡äv (Family Membership Certificate)-þ (1) Hcp IpSpw_¯nse AwK§Ä Bscms¡sb¶v ]tcJs¸Sp¯n \ÂIp¶ km£y]{XamWnXv. IpSpw_mwK§fpsS hnhc§Ä tcJs¸Sp¯nbn«pÅ tdj³ ImÀUv, kam\amb aäv tcJIÄ F¶nh ]cntim[n¨pw {]mtZinImt\zjWw \S¯nbpw kXyhmMvaqetam AbÂkm£nsamgnItfm tiJcnt¨m At]£bn XpSÀ \S]SnIÄ kzoIcn¡mhp¶XmWv . At]£Isâtbm At]£I³ At]£bn kqNn¸n¨n«pÅ asämcp IpSpw_mwK¯ntâtbm IpSpw_mwK§Ä Bscms¡sb¶mWv km£ys¸Sp¯n \ÂtI­Xv. \nehn Pohn¨ncn¡p¶ IpSpw_mwK§fpsS t]cp hnhcw am{XamWv kÀ«n^n¡än DÄs¸Spt¯­Xv. IpSpw_mwK§fpsS t]cphnhcw, hbkv, At]£I\pambpÅ _Ôw F¶nh ]cmaÀin¨mWv kÀ«n^n¡äv A\phZnt¡­Xv. (2) Cu kÀ«n^n¡änsâ Bhiy¯nte¡mbn IpSpw_w F¶Xn At]£I³/At]£I, At]£Isâtbm At]£IbpsStbm CW, a¡Ä, \nba]cambn Zs¯Sp¯ a¡Ä, At]£s\m¸w B{ibn¨p Ignbp¶ At]£Isâtbm CWbpsStbm amXm]nXm¡Ä F¶nhÀ DÄs¸Sp¶XmWv, a¡Ä {]tXyIambn XmakamsW¦nepw Ahscbpw IpSpw_mwK§fmbn IW¡m¡n kÀ«n^n¡än DÄs¸Spt¯­XmWv. 246. A\´cmhImi kÀ«n^n¡ävþ (1) tIcf ^n\m³jy tImUv hmeyw þ1 153


sâ A\ptOZw 95(b) (i) {]Imcw acWs¸« kÀ¡mÀ Poh\¡mc\v AhImis¸« XpIIÄ AhIminIÄ¡v e`n¡p¶Xnt\m tIcfm kÀÆokv N«§fpsS `mKwþIII se N«w 170 {]Imcw acWs¸« kÀÆokv s]³j\pIfpsS s]³j³ IpSnÈnI AhIminIÄ¡v e`n¡p¶Xnt\m tIcfm {Sjdn tImUv hmeyw II se A\p_Ôwþ3 sâ N«w 42(b)1 {]Imcw {Sjdn tkhnwKvkv _m¦v \nt£]w \S¯nbbmÄ acWs¸Sp¶ kmlNcy¯n \nt£]¯pI AhIminIÄ¡v e`n¡p¶Xnt\m knhn tImSXnIfn \n¶pÅ kI-vkj³ kÀ«n^n¡äp IÄ¡v ]Icambn \nÝnX km¼¯nI ]cn[nIÄ¡p hnt[bambn XlknÂZmÀ A\phZn¡p¶ A\´cmhImi kÀ«n^n¡äpIÄ aXnbmIp¶XmsW¶p \njv I Àjn¨n«pÅXmWv . ta kmlNcy§Ä IqSmsX tXÀUv ]mÀ«n C³jpd³kv ]²Xn {]ImcapÅ \ã]cnlmc¯pIIÄ, enIzntUäÀamÀ, klIcW kwL§Ä, _m¦pIÄ, CXc Øm]\§Ä F¶nhbn \n¶pÅ XpIItfm AhIminIÄ¡v e`nt¡­ Ahkc§fnepw XlknÂZmÀ¡v A\´cmhImi kÀ«n^n¡äv A\phZn¡mhp¶XmWv . ta Bhiy§Ä ¡ÃmsXbpÅ Bhiy§Ä¡v AhIminIsf \nÀ®bn¨p In«p¶Xn\mbn knhn tImSXnIfn \n¶pw kI- v k j³ kÀ«n^n¡än\mtbm FdWmIpf¯v {]hÀ¯n¨p hcp¶ AUvan\nkv{SmÀ P\densâ Imcymeb¯n \n¶pÅ AUvan\vkvt{Sj³ kÀ«n^n¡än\mtbm BWv At]£nt¡­Xv. (2) acWs¸«hyànbpsS aXhn`mK¯n\\pkrXambn 1956 se lnµp ]n³XpSÀ¨mhImi \nba, (lnµp¡Ä¡v), 1925 se C³Uy³ ]n³XpSÀ¨mhImi \nbaw ({InkvXy³, ssP\, _p²aXhn`mK§Ä¡v) apÉow hyàn \nbaw (CÉmw aX¯nÂs¸«hÀ¡v) F¶nhsb ASnØm\s¸Sp ¯nbmIWw A\´ cmhIminIsf \nÀ®bnt¡­Xv . acWs¸«bmfnsâ AhIminIsf \nÀ ®b n¡pt¼mÄ, {]tXyImhiy§Ä¡mb mWv Cu km£ y] {Xw A\phZn¡p¶sX¶XpsIm­v GsX¦nepw AhIminIÄ AhImiw Hgnbp¶Xmbn kXyhmMva qew \ÂInbmepw A¯c¡msc \nbam\pkrX ]n³XpSÀ¨¡mcpsS ]«nIbn \ns¶mgnhm¡m³ ]mSnÃm¯XmWv. C¯c¡mÀ AhImi kÀ«n^n¡äns\m¸w _Ôs¸« A[nImcn ap¼msI B\pIqeyw Bhiyansöv kXyhmMvaqew \ÂInbm aXnbmIpw. (3) lnµp ]pcpjsâ AhIminIsf ¢mkvþI ¢mkv -II F¶n§s\ c­v ]«nIbmbn thÀXncn¨ncn¡p¶p. acWs¸«bmfnsâ kz¯n ¢mkvþI se hyànIÄ¡v XpeymhImiamWv. ¢mkvþ1  Bcpansæn am{Xw ¢mkv II se AhIminIÄ¡v H¶mas¯bmÄ, c­mas¯bmÄ F¶n§s\ AhImiw kn²n¡p¶ Xmbncn¡p w. AXmb Xv ¢mkv þ II  H¶ mas¯ bmÄ Po hn¨ncn¡p ¶p sh¦n Ab mÄ¡p am{XamWv AhImiap ­mhp I. H¶mas¯bmfnsâ A`mh¯n c­mas¯bmÄ¡v F¶ {Ia¯n AhIminIsf Xn«s¸Sp¯mhp¶XmWv. F) ¢mkv h¬ AhIminIÄ


i.

amXmhv

ii.

hn[h

iii.

aIÄ

iv.

aI³

v.

apt¼ acWs¸« aIsâ hn[h

vi..

apt¼ acWs¸« aIsâ aI³

vii.

apt¼ acWs¸« aIsâ aIÄ

viii. apt¼ acWs¸« aIsâ apt¼ acWs¸« aIsâ hn[h ix.

apt¼ acWs¸« aIsâ apt¼ acWs¸« aIsâ aIÄ

x.

apt¼ acWs¸« aIsâ apt¼ acWs¸« aIsâ aI³

xi.

apt¼ acWs¸« aIfpsS aIÄ

xii.

apt¼ acWs¸« aIfpsS aI³

xiii. apt¼ acWs¸« aIfpsS,apt¼ acWs¸« aIfpsS aI³ xiv. apt¼ acWs¸« aIfpsS,apt¼ acWs¸« aIfpsS aIÄ xv.

apt¼ acWs¸« aIfpsS,apt¼ acWs¸« aIsâ aI³

xvi.. apt¼ acWs¸« aIfpsS,apt¼ acWs¸« aIfpsS aIÄ _n ¢mkv AhIminIÄ i.

]nXmhv

ii.

aIsâ aIfpsS aI³, aIsâ aIfpsS aIÄ, ktlmZc³, ktlmZcn.

iii.

aIfpsS aIsâ aI³, aIfpsS aIsâ aIÄ, aIfpsS aIfpsS aIÄ, aIfpsS aIfpsS aI³.

iv.

ktlmZc ]p{X³, ktlmZc ]p{Xn, ktlmZco ]p{X³, ktlmZco ]p{Xn.

v.

]nXmhnsâ ]nXmhv, ]nXmhnsâ amXmhv.

vi.

]nXmhnsâ hn[h, ktlmZcsâ hn[h

vii.

]nXmhnsâ ktlmZc³, ]nXmhnsâ ktlmZcn. 155


viii. amXmhnsâ ]nXmhv, amXznsâ amXmhv ix.

amXmhnsâ ktlmZc³, amXmhnsâ ktlmZcn.

(4 ) lnµp kv{Xob psS AhIminIsf A©p hn`mK ambn Xncn¨ncn¡p¶p. H¶mw hn`mK¯nÂs¸«hÀ Bcpansæn am{Xw c­mw hn`mK ¯nÂs¸« hÀ ¡v F ¶ {Ia¯ ne mWv A\´c mhIminIsf \nÀ®bnt¡­Xv. lnµp kv{XobpsS AhIminIfpsS ]«nI NphsS tNÀ¡p¶p. i.

`À¯mhv, a¡Ä, acWs¸« a¡fpsS a¡Ä

ii..

`À¯mhnsâ A\´cmhIminIÄ

iii.

amXmhv, ]nXmhv.

iv.

]nXmhnsâ A\´cmhIminIÄ

v.

amXmhnsâ A\´cmhIminIÄ

(5) lnµp¡sf kw_ Ôn¨v sIme] mXIw \S¯ pItb m sIme]mXIw sN¿m³ t{]cW sN¿pItbm sN¿p¶ GsXmcmÄ¡pw sImesN¿s¸«bmfnsâ hkv X phIIsf kw_Ôn¨v B hkv X phn\v A\´cmhIminbmIp¶Xn\v AÀlXbnÃm¯XmWv. IqSmsX lnµphmb HcmÄ aX]cnhÀ¯\w aqew lnµphÃmXmbn XocpIbpw A§s\bpÅ Bfn\v P\n¨ Ip«nIfpw AhcpsS k´XnIfpw ]n³XpSÀ¨mhIminIsf Xn«s¸Spt¯­n hcp¶Xn\m[mcamb kwKXnbpsS {]mcw`¯n lnµphÃmXncn¡pIbpw sN¿p¶nS¯v AhcpsS lnµphmb GsX¦nepw _ÔapÅbmfnsâ hkvXphn\v A\´cmhImiap­mbncn¡p¶XÃm¯XpamWv. (6) 1925 se C³Uy³ ]n³XpSÀ¨mhImi \nbaw _m[Iamb IrÌy³ XpS§nb aXhn`mK§fnÂs¸«hcpsS A\´cmhIminIfpsS {Iaw NphsS tNÀ¡p¶p. i. hn[h/hn`mcy³ (aq¶nsem¶v ) (a¡Ä acWs¸«n«pÅ ]£w AhcpsS hnlnXw AhcpsS A\´cmhIminIÄ¡v e`n¡pw) ii. hn[h/hn`mcy³ (a¡Ä, t\À]n³XpSÀ¨¡mÀ F¶nhcnsæn ]IpXn kz¯v hn[h/hn`mcy\pw _m¡n cà_Ôp¡Ä¡pw e`n¡pw) iii. hn[h/ hn`mcy\p w am{Xw cà_Ôp¡Ä ChcmcpansænÂ) iv.

(a¡Ä,

t\À] n³Xp SÀ ¨¡mÀ ,

]nXmhv (t\À ]n³XpSÀ¨¡mcnsænÂ)

v. amXmhn\pw ktlmZc§Ä¡pw (]nXmhv t\À]n³XpSÀ¨¡mÀ F¶nhcnsænÂ) vi.

amXmhn\v (] nXmhv , t\À ]n³XpSÀ¨¡mÀ, ktlmZ c§Ä


F¶nhcnsænÂ) vii.

ktlmZc§Ä¡v (amXmhnsænÂ)

viii. c à_ Ôp ¡Ä¡v (]nXmhv, A\´cmhIminIÄ F¶nhcmcpansænÂ)

amXmhv,

a¡Ä,

a¡f psS

(7) 1937 se apÉow hyàn \nbaw (icnþA¯v) \S¸m¡Â \nbaw A\pkcn¨v apkÂamsâ ]n´pSÀ¨sb \nb{´n¡p¶Xv''icnþA¯v'' \nbaamWv. CXp {]Imcw apkÂamsâ A\´cmhIminIÄ NphsS tNÀ¡pw {]Imcw 47 AhIminIfmWpÅXv. i.

AhIminIÄ (Shares)

ii.

inãmhIminIÄ (Residuaries)

iii.

AI¶ tij¡mÀ (Distant Kindred)-

-

12

þ

18

BsI

þ

17

þ

47

ap³KW\m {Ia¯n {]kvXpX 47 AhIminIsf aq¶p hn`mKambn Xncn¨n«p­v. AhIminIÄ¡v hoXn¨ tijw _m¡nbpÅXv inãmhIminIÄ¡v hoXn¡Ww. AwimhIminIÄ Bcpw Csæn apgph³ kz¯pw inãmhIminIÄ¡v hoXn¡mhp¶XmWv. F¶m AwimhIminIfpw inãmhIminIfpw Csæn am{Xta AI¶ tij¡mÀ¡v kz¯hImiw e`n¡pIbpÅq. apkÂamsâ A\´cmhIminIfpsS ]«nI NphsS tNÀ¡p¶p. (F) AwimhIminIÄ i.

`mcy

ii.

`À¯mhv

iii.

]nXmhv

iv.

]nXmhnsâ ]nXmhv

v.

amXmhv

vi.

]nXmhnsâ amXmhv, amXmhnsâ amXmhv

vii.

aIÄ

viii. aIsâ aIÄ, aIsâ aIsâ aIÄ ix.

ktlmZcn (full sister)

x.

]nXmshm¯ ktlmZcn (]nXmhn\v asämcp `mcybnepÅ aIÄ)

xi.

amXmshm¯ ktlmZc³

xii.. amXmshm¯ ktlmZcn (amXmhn\v acWs¸«bmfnsâ ]nXmhÃm¯ 157


asämcmfn P\n¨ ktlmZc³/ ktlmZcn) _n) inãmhIminIÄþ inãmhIminIsf \mev {Kq¸pIfmbn Xncn¨ncn¡p¶p. \mev {Kq¸pIfnembn 18 inãmhIminIfmWpÅXv. i.

]tcXsâ ]n³KmanIÄ

þ

aI³, aIsâ aI³ (aI³ acWs¸«mÂ)

ii.

]tcXsâ ap³KmanIÄ

þ

]nXmhv, ]nXmhnsâ ]nXmhv (]nXmhv acWs¸«mÂ)

iii.

]nXmhnsâ ]n³KmanIÄ

þ

ktlmZc³ (a¡Ä, aI³, ]nXmhv, ]nXmhnsâ ]nXmhv, F¶nhcnsænÂ) cà_Ô¯nse ktlmZc³ (a¡Ä, aIsâ aI³, ]nXmhv, ]nXmhnsâ ]nXmhv, ktlmZc³, ktlmZcn F¶nhcnsænÂ), ktlmZcsâ aI³ (apIfn kqNn¸n¨hÀ Bcpw CsænÂ) ktlmZcsâ aIsâ aI³ (apIfn¸dªhcmcp ansænÂ), cà_Ô¯nepÅ ktlmZcsâ aIsâ aIÄ)

iv.

]nXmhnsâ ]nXmhnsâ ]n³KmanIÄ

þ

]nXmhnsâ ]n³KmanIfpsS {Ia¯nÂ

(kn) AI¶tij¡mÀ i.

aIsâ aIfpw AhcpsS AhIminIfpw.

ii.

aIsâ aIfpsS aIfpw AhcpsS AhmIinIfpw

iii..

amXmhnsâ ]nXmhv, amXmhnsâ amXmhnsâ ]nXmhv.

iv.

amXmhnsâ ]nXmhnsâ amXmhv, ]nXmhnsâ ]n³KmanIÄ

v.

ktlmZcsâ aIfpw AhcpsS AhIminIfpw

vi.

]nXmshm¯ ktlmZcsâ aIfpw AhcpsS AhIminIfpw.

vii.

amXmshm¯ ktlmZcsâ aIfpw AhcpsS AhIminIfpw

viii. ktlmZcsâ aIsâ aIfpw AhcpsS AhIminIfpw. ix.

]nXmshm¯ ktlmZcsâ aIsâ aIfpw AhcpsS AhIminIfpw


x.

ktlmZcn, ]nXmshm¯ ktlmZcn, amXmshm¯ ktlmZcn, ChcpsS BcpsSsb¦nepw a¡fpw AhcpsS AhIminIfpw.

xi.

]nXmhnsâ ktlmZcsâ aIfpw AhcpsS AhIminIfpw.

xii.

]nXmhnsâ ]nXmshm¯ ktlmZcsâ aIfpw AhcpsS AhIminIfpw.

xiii. ]nXmhnsâ amXmshm¯ ktlmZcsâ aIfpw AhcpsS AhIminIfpw. xiv. ]nXmhnsâ ktlmZcsâ aIfpw, AhcpsS AhIminIfpw xv.

]nXmhnsâ ]nXmshm¯ ktlmZcsâ aIsâ aIfpw, AhcpsS AhIminIfpw.

xvi. ]nXmhnsâ ktlmZcnbpw AhcpsS AhIminIfpw. xvii. amXmhnsâ ktlmZc ktlmZcnamcpw AhcpsS AhIminIfpw. (8) A\´chIminIsf \nÀ®bn¡p¶Xnte¡mbn At]£ e`n¨m hntÃPv Hm^okÀ hniZamb {]mtZinImt\zjWw \St¯­Xpw acWs¸«bmfpsS acW¯obXnbn {]mb]qÀ¯nbmb c­n IpdbmsXbpÅ Ab  km£nIfn \n¶p w AhIminIsf kw _Ôn¨ hnhc §Ä DÄs¡mÅn¨pÅ samgn tiJcnt¡­XpamWv. At]£Isâ kXyhmMvaqew, AbÂkm£n samgnIÄ, At]£I³ lmPcm¡nb tcJIÄ F¶nh km£ys¸Sp¯n hniZamb dnt¸mÀ«p klnXw hntÃPv Hm^okÀ XlknÂZmÀ¡v kaÀ¸nt¡­XmWv. 247. ssat\mdnän kÀ«n^n¡ävþ (1) CÉmw, {InÌy³, _p²aXw, knJv XpS§nb aXhn`mK§sf tI{µ kÀ¡mÀ \yq\]£ hn`mK§fmbn {]Jy]n¨n«p­v. At]£I³ CXntesX¦nepw hn`mK¯n aXhn`mK¯nÂs¸Sp¶bmfmtWm F¶Xv tcJIÄ ]cntim[n¨pw {]mtZinImt\zjWw \S¯nbpw XlknÂZmÀ¡v dnt¸mÀ«v kaÀ¸nt¡­XmWv . ssat\mdnän kÀ«n^n¡äv A\phZn¡p¶Xv _Ôs¸« XlknÂZmÀamcmWv. 248 AKXn kÀ«n^n¡ävþ BkvXnItfm hcpam\tam Poht\m]m[nItfm Cà m¯ Xp w Bc me pw kwc £n¡s¸Sm\nà m¯ Xp w B{ib hp w Poht\m]m[nIfpw e`n¡phm³ AÀlXbpffXpamb hyànsbbmWv AKXn F¶XpsIm­v Dt±in¡p¶Xv. ssIhi kz¯p¡fptSbpw, BkvXnIfptSbpw, IpSpw_mwK§fptSbpw hnhc§Ä tNÀ¯ kXy{]kvXmh\ ]cntim[n¨pw At\z jWw \S¯nbp w Cu kÀ« n^n¡äv A\p hZ n¡mhp¶ XmWv. Xmsg¸dbp¶hsc AKXnIfmbn IW¡m¡mhp¶XmWv. (i)

18 hbÊv ]qÀ¯nbmIm¯ A\mYÀ 159


(ii) A\mYcÃm¯hÀ:þ amXm]nXm¡Ä Pohn¨ncn¸pÅ tIkpIfn NphsS ]dbp¶ hyhØIÄ¡p hnt[bambn km£y]{Xw A\phZn¡mhp¶XmWv: F)

amXm]nXm¡Ä/`À¯mhv/`mcy/a¡Ä F¶n§s\ kwc£Ww \ÂtI­hÀ kwc£Ww \ÂIm\mhm¯hn[w am\knItam imcocnItam Bb shÃphnfnIÄ t\cnSp¶hcmhpI.

_n) At]£I\v/At]£Ibv¡v kz´ambn hcpam\ amÀ¤§tfm kz´w t]cntem IpSpw_mwK§fpsS t]cntem 10 skâne[nIcn¡p¶ `qantbm D­mImXncn¡pI. 249. PmXn / kapZmb kÀ«n^n¡ävþ (1) DtZymKkwhcW¯n\pw hnZym`ymk Bhiy§Ä¡pw hnhn[ B\pIqey§Ä¡pambn hyànIÄ¡v hnhn[ A[nImcnIÄ ap¼msI Xsâ PmXn t_m[ys¸Spt¯­n hcmdp­v. C¯c¯n kwhcW§Ä¡pw aäm\pIqey§Ä¡pambn hnhn[ kwhcW hn`mK ]«nIIÄ kÀ¡mÀ \njv¡Àjn¨n«pÅXpamWv. (2) kwhcWm\pIqey§Ä¡Àlcmb hnhn[ PmXn/aX hn`mK§fpsS ]«nIIÄ NphsS tNÀ¡p¶hbmWv. Sn ]«nIbpsS ]qÀ®cp]w A\p_Ôwþ 14 Bbn tNÀ¯ncn¡p¶p. PmXn kÀ«n^n¡äpIfpambn _Ôs¸«v kwhcWm\p Iqey§Ä¡v AÀlcmb PmXnaX hn`mK§sf NphsS tNÀ¡pw {]Imcw hnhn[ ]«nIIfn DÄs¡mÅn¨ncn¡p¶p. (i)

]«nIPmXn (SC)

(ii)

]«nI tKm{XhÀ¤w (ST)

(iii) aäp ]n¶m¡ kapZmb§Ä (OBC) (iv) aäÀl kapZmb§Äþ1 (OEC-1) (v)

aäÀl kapZmb§Äþ2 (OEC-2)

(vi) kmaqlnIambpw km¼¯nIambpw ]n¶m¡mhØbnepÅ kapZmb§Ä (SEBC) (3) ta ]«nIIfnsem¶nepw DÄs¸Sm¯ PmXn/aX hn`mK§sf kwhctWXc hn`mKw (General Category) F¶p IW¡m¡n kÀ«n^n¡äpIÄ A\p hZ n¡mhp¶ XmWv. kwhcW§Ä¡À lc mb hn`mK §sf¶ p IW¡m¡nbn«p ff ta ] «nIb n OEC-1, OEC-2, SEBC hn`mK§fnepÄs¸ «hÀ¡v hnZym`ymkm\pIqey§Ä¡pw hnZym`ymk kwhcW¯n\pw am{XamWv AÀlXbpffXv. Cu aq¶v hn`mK§fnepÄs¸«hÀ¡v bmsXmcp hn[amb DtZymK kwhcW§Ä¡pw AÀlXbnÃm¯XmWv. 250. ]«nIPmXn/]«nI tKm{X hÀKwþ (1) C³Uy³ `cWLS\bpsS A\ptÑZw


341, 342 F¶nhbv¡\pkcWambn tI{µ kÀ¡mÀ bYm{Iaw ]«nIPmXn, ]«nI tKm{XhÀK kapZmb§fpsS ]«nIIÄ hnÚm]\w sNbv X n«pffXmWv . XlknÂZmÀ A\phZn¡p¶ Cu km£y]{X§Ä¡mbn At]£Isâ PmXn ØnXn kw_Ôn¨v {]amW ]cntim[\, {]mtZinImt\zjWw, Ab km£y samgn tiJcWw F¶nh \S¯n hniZamb dnt¸mÀ«v kaÀ¸n¡m³ hntÃPv Hm^okÀ _m[yØ\mWv. (2) 1996se The Kerala (SCs and STs) Regulation of Issue of Community Certificates Act, 2002-se N«§Ä F¶nhbnse hyhØIÄ¡\pkcWambmWv ]«nIPmXn/]«nI tKm{XhÀK kÀ«n^n¡äpIÄ A\phZn¨p hcp¶Xv. Cu \nba{]Imcw ]«nIPmXn/]«nI tKm{XhÀK kÀ«n^n¡äpIÄ A\phZn¡p ¶Xn\pff 'Competent Authority" Bbn kwØm\s¯ Xmeq¡v XlknÂZmÀ amscbmWv kÀ¡mÀ NpaXes¸Sp¯nbn«pffXv. Cu \nba¯nse hIp¸v 10 {] Imcw tImw] oä Uv AtXmd nä n ap ¼msI ] «nIP mXn/ ]« nIhÀ K km£y]{X¯n\mbn AhImihmZap¶bn¡p¶ hyàn¡p Xs¶bmWv sXfnhpIÄ lmPcm¡m³ NpaXebpffXv F¶Xn\m At]£I³ Bhiyamb tcJIÄ lmPcm¡nbn«nÃm¯ ]£w kÀ«n^n¡äpIÄ A\phZn¡p¶ Xnte¡mbn A{]Imcapff tcJIÄ/sXfnhpIÄ lmPcm¡m³ tImw]oäâ v AtXmdnänbmb XlknÂZmÀ¡v At]£ItcmSv \nÀt±in¡mhp¶XmWv. (3) At]£Isâbpw amXm]nXm¡fpsSbpw PmXn kw_Ôn¨ tcJIÄ ]cntim[n¨pw hniZamb {]mtZinImt\zjWw \S¯nbpw Bhiyapff ]£w AhImihmZap¶bn¡p¶ AtX PmXnhn`mK¯nepÄs¸« AbÂkm£nIfn \n¶pff samgnIÄ tiJcn¨pamIWw hntÃPv Hm^okÀ dnt¸mÀ«v X¿mdmt¡­Xv. At]£I\v ap¼v e`n¨ PmXn kÀ«n^n¡äv ssIhiap­v F¶Xp sIm­v am{Xw At]£I³ {]kvXpX PmXn hn`mK¯nepÄs¸Sp¶p F¶v A\pam\n¡m\m hnÃm¯XmWv. At]£ e`n¨m lmPcm¡nb tcJIfpsS ASnØm\¯n {]mtZinImt\zjWw \S¯n PmXn ØnXn t_m[ys¸«mIWw hntÃPv Hm^okÀ dnt¸mÀ«v X¿mdmt¡­Xv F¶À°w. ]«nIPmXn/]«nIhÀK kÀ«n^n¡äpIÄ A\phZn¡pt¼mÄ _Ôs¸« ]«nIbnepÄs¸« PmXn t¸cpIfn am{XamIWw km£y]{X§Ä A\phZnt¡­Xv. 251. an{i hnhmlnXcnsemcmÄ SC/ST Bbm a¡fpsS PmXn ØnXnþ (1) At]£IcpsS amXm]nXm¡Ä an{ihnhmlnIXcmhpIbpw AhcnsemcmÄ ]«nI PmXn /]«nI tKm{X hÀK¯nÂs¸«bmfmhpIbpw At]£I³ ]«nIPmXn/]«nI tKm{X hÀK kapZmb kÀ«n^n¡än\mbn AhImihmZap¶bn¡pIbpw sN¿p¶ ]£w NphsS tNÀ¡p¶ hkvXpXIÄ t_m[ys¸«mIWw hntÃPv Hm^okÀ C¯cw km£y]{X§Ä¡mbn ip]mÀi X¿mdmt¡­Xv. (i) At]£ I³ D Äs¸Sp¶ p F¶ hImis¸ Sp ¶ At]£Is\ Ahcnsemcmfmbn AwKoIcn¨ncn¡Ww. 161

kapZ mb w


(ii) At]£I³ {]kvX pX kapZmb¯nsâ BNmcm\pjv Tm\§Ä A\pkcn¨v Pohn¨phcp¶bmfmbncn¡Ww. (iii) At] £I³ Xm³ DÄs¸ Sp ¶p F ¶v AhImis¸ Sp ¶ kapZmb¯nsâ kmaqlnIhpw km¼¯nIhpw hnZym`ymk]chpamb ]nt¶m¡mhØ A\p`hn¡p¶ Bfmbncn¡Ww. (2) ta hkvXpXIÄ kw_Ôn¨ sXfnhpIÄ tiJcn¡p¶Xn\mbn At]£I³ AhImiap¶bn¡p¶ AtX PmXn hn`mK¯n s¸«hcpw At]£ Isâ _Ô p¡fà m¯ hc pamb Ab hmknIf psS samgn tiJcn¡mhp¶Xv {]kvXpX kapZmb¯n\v {]mtZinIamb kwLS\ kPohambn {]hÀ¯n¨phcp¶ ]£w kwLS\ `mchmlnIfn \n¶pw hnhctiJcWtam sXfnhpIÄ tiJcn¡pItbm sN¿mhp¶XpamWv. (3) an{i PmXn hnhmlnXcnsemcmÄ ]«nIPmXn/]«nI tKm{XhÀK hn`mK¯nÂs¸Sp¶ kwKXnbn C¯c¡mcpsS Ip«nIfpsS PmXn\nÀ®bw kw_Ôn¨ 20/11/2008- s e k.D.(ssI)109/2008/].P.].h \¼À D¯chv A\p_ÔwþBbn tNÀ¯ncn¡p¶p. (2) an{i PmXn hnhmlnXcn HcmÄ aäp ]n¶m¡ kapZmb¯n s¸«bmfmsW¦n AhcpsS a¡Ä¡v aäp ]n¶m¡ kapZmb¯nsâ (OBC) FÃm hn[ B\pIqey§Ä¡pw AÀlXbpffXmWv. CXp kw_Ôamb 24/04/1979se k.D(k) 806/1979/SCSTDD D¯chv A\p_Ôwþ 15 Bbn tNÀ¯ncn¡p¶p. P·w \ÂInb amXm]nXm¡sf ]än \nÝbanÃm¯tXm _mey¯n Xs¶ A\mYcmhpItbm sNbv X Ipªp§sf \nba{]ImcaÃmsX tkzÑbm F Sp ¯p hf À¯ p¶ tIkpIfn hf À¯ pamXm] nXm¡Ä Htc PmXnbnÂs¸«hsc¦n AhcpsS PmXnbpw Htc PmXnbnÂs¸«hcsæn AhcpsS PmXnIfn GXp PmXnbnemtWm Ip«n hfÀ¶p hcp¶Xv {]kvXpX PmXnbpw hfÀ¯p amXm]nXm¡Ä \nbam\pkrXw hnhmlnXcmbn«n Ãm¯hsc¦n hfÀ¯½bpsS PmXnbpamWv Ip«nIÄ¡v kn²n¡pI. 252. {InkvXpaX¯nte¡v aX]cnhÀ¯\w sNbvX ]«nIhÀK hn`mK¡mcpsS PmXn ØnXnþ ]«nI hÀK kapZmbwK§Ä {Inkv X paXw kzoIcn¨v aX]cnhÀ¯\w \S¯nbn«ps­¦nepw A¯c¡msc ]«nIhÀK hn`mKambn Xs¶bmWv ]cnKWnt¡­Xv. 253. aX]cnhÀ¯\tijw XncnsI lnµpaXw kzoIcn¨ ]«nIPmXn hn`mK¡mcpsS PmXnØnXnþ (1) aäp aX§fnte¡v aX]cnhÀ¯\w \S¯nb tijw ho­pw lnµpaXw kzoIcn¡p¶ ]«nIPmXn¡mcpsS kwKXnbn NphsS tNÀ¡p¶ hkvXpXIfpsS tcJIÄ ]cnKWn¨mIWw hntÃPv Hm^okÀ dnt¸mÀ«v X¿mdmt¡­Xv. CXp kw_Ôn¨ kÀ¡mÀ D¯chpIfpsS ]IÀ¸pIÄ A\p_Ôwþ 16 Bbn tNÀ¯ncn¡p¶p.


(i) aX]c nhÀ¯ \w sNb v X bmfnsâ ] nXmhv / ]q ÀÆnIÀ {InkvXpaX¯nte¡v aX]cnhÀ¯\w \S¯nb ]«nIPmXn¡mc\mbncpt¶m F¶ hnhcw. (ii) At]£I³ lnµpaX¯ntebv¡v ]p\: ]cnhÀ¯\w \S¯nbXp kw_Ôn¨ Kkäp hnÚm]\w (iii) ]p\:]cnhÀ¯\w \S¯nb AwKoIrX lnµp kwLS\IÄ \ÂInb ip²n kÀ«n^n¡äv (iv) ip²n IÀ½¯n ]s¦Sp¯ BfpsS t]cpw taÂhnemkhpw AS§nb ]«nI (v) aX]cnhÀ¯\w \S¯nb hyànsb {]kvXpX kapZmbmwK§Ä Ahcnsemcmfmbn AwKoIcn¨n«pt­m F¶ hnhcw. (2) ]p\:]cnhÀ¯\w kw_Ôn¨ NphsS tNÀ¡p¶ lnµp kwLS\Isf kwØm\ kÀ¡mÀ NpaXes¸Sp¯nbn«pffXmWv. ]p\:]cnhÀ¯\ tijw ]«nIPmXn kÀ«n^n¡äv A\phZn¡p¶Xn\v C{]Imcapff AwKoIrX kwLS\IÄ \ÂIp¶ ""ip²n kÀ«n^n¡äv'' \nÀ_Ô tcJbmWv. (i)

AJne `mcX A¿¸ tkhm kwLw

(ii) BÄ C³Uy Zbm\µ kmÂthj³ anj³(Bcy kamPw tIcf imJ, Xncph\´]pcw) (iii) tIcf lnµpanj³, Xncph\´]pcw (iv) {iocmaZmk anj³ bqWnthgvk skmsskän, {io \oeIWvT]pcw, Xncph\´]pcw (v)

tImgnt¡mSv BcykamPw

254. aäp kwØm\§fn \n¶p IpSntbdnb ]«nIPmXn/hÀK¡mcpsS PmXn Øn Xn þ(1) aäp kwØ m\§f n \n¶ v IpSntbd pIbp w ChnsS ØncXmakam¡pIbpw sNbvX ]«nIPmXn/]«nItKm{XhÀ¤ hn`mK§fpsS hnjb¯n PmXn kÀ«n^n¡äv \ÂIp¶Xv 12þ02þ86 se k.D (ssI)10/86/ SCSTDD \¼À D¯chnsâ ASnØm\¯nemWv. Cu D¯chnsâ ]IÀ¸v A\p_Ôwþ 17 Bbn tNÀ¯ncn¡p¶p.At]£Isâ amXm]nXm¡tfm ]qÀÆnItcm 1950 se {]knU³jy HmÀUdn\p ap¼v Cu kwØm\¯v IpSntbdn ØncXmakam¡nbhcmhpIbpw AhcpsS kapZmbw Cu kwØm\s¯ ]«nIPmXn/]«nItKm{XhÀ¤ ]«nIbn DÄs¸«XmhpIbpw sNbv X m A§s\bpÅhÀ Cu kwØm\¯p \n¶v A{]Imcapff kÀ«n^n¡än\pw AÀlcmbncn¡pw. F¶m 1950 \v ap¼v IpSntbdnb hcpsS kwKXnbn AhÀ Cu kwØm\s¯ ]«nIPmXn/]«nItKm{XhÀ¤ ]«nIbn DÄs¸SmsX hcp¶ tIkpIfn AhÀ¡v Cu kwØm\¯p \n¶pÅ ]«nIPmXn/]«nItKm{XhÀ¤ 163


B\pIqey§Ä¡v AÀlXbp­mhnÃ. IqSmsX 1950 \v tijw Cu kwØm\t¯bv ¡ v IpSntbdn¯makn¨ ]«nIPmXn/]«nItKm{XhÀ¤ hn`mK¡mÀ ¡v AhcpsS kapZmbw Cu kwØm\s¯ ] «nIPmXn/ ]«nItKm{XhÀ¤ hn`mK¯n DÄs¸Sp¶ps­¦nÂt¸mepw Cu kwØm\¯p \n ¶v ] «nIP mXn/ ]« nItK m{XhÀ¤ B \p Iq ey§Ä¡v AÀlXb p ­mbncn¡p¶XÃ. 255. `mjm \yq\]£hn`mKamsW¶ kÀ«n^n¡äv (Linguistic Minority Certificate)- amXm]nXm¡fpsS amXr`mj Xangv/I¶S BhpIbpw At]£It\m At]£Itbm ]Tn¡m\pt±in¡p¶ tImgvkn c­mb `mj Sn Xangv/I¶S ]Tn¡p¶Xn\mbn At]£n¡pIbpw sN¿p¶ ]£w At]£Is\/ At]£Isb `mjm \yq\ ]£hn`mKsa¶v ]cnKWn¡mhp¶Xpw C¯c¯n km£y]{Xw A\phZn¡mhp¶XpamWv. hnZym`ymk Bhiy¯n\mbn am{Xw A\phZn¡p¶ Cu km£y]{Xw kwØm\¯nse tI{µ kÀ¡mÀ hnZym`ymk Øm]\§sfmgnsIbpffhbnte¡v hntÃPv Hm^okpw kwØmt\Xc Bhiy§Ä¡v tI{µ kÀ¡mÀ \nb{´nX hnZym`ymk Øm]\§fnte¡pw hntÃPv Hm^okdpsS dnt¸mÀ«ns\ ASnØm\am¡n XlknÂZmcpamWv A\phZn¡p¶Xv. 256. an{i PmXn hnhml kÀ«n^n¡äv (Inter Caste Marriage Certificate)c­p hyXykvX PmXn hn`mK§fnÂs¸Sp¶hcpsS hnhmlw kapZmbmNmc§Ä A\phZn¡m¯ coXnbnepffXmsW¦n hnhml _Ô¯nteÀs¸« Z¼XnIÄ an{i PmXn hnhmlnXcmsW¶v km£ys¸Sp¯n \ÂImhp¶XmWv. C³Uybn PmXn hyhØ \nehnepffXv lnµp, knJv, _p² aX hn`mK§fn am{Xambm Cu aXhn`mK§fnse hyXykvX PmXnbnepÄs¸« BfpIfpsS hnhml _Ôs¯ am{Xta an{iþPmXn hnhmlambn ]cnKWn¡pIbpffq. CÉmw,{InÌy³ hn`mK§fn PmXn hyhØ \nehnenÃm¯Xpw Chbnse hyXykvX hn`mK§sf ""Ah´c hn`mK§Ä'' (Seets) F¶pamWv Adnbs¸Sp¶Xv. AXpsIm­p Xs¶ {InkvXp aX¯nse c­v hyXykvX hn`mK¯nÂs¸«hcpsS hnhmltam {InkvXp aX¯n DÄs¸« Hcmfpw lnµp aX¯n DÄs¸« Hcmfpw X½nepff hnhmltam an{i PmXn hnhmlambn ]cnKWn¡m³ ]mSnÃm¯XmWv. lnµpaX¯nse Xs¶ \mbÀþ{_mÒn³ PmXnbnÂs¸«hÀ X½nepff hnhmlw kapZmbmNmc§Ä¡p hncp²aÃm¯Xn\m Cu c­p hn`mK§fnÂs¸Sp¶hcpsS sshhmlnImhØ an{iþPmXnsb¶pw IW¡m¡m\mhnÃm¯XmWv. Z¼XnIfpsS PmXnØnXn kw_Ôn¨v tcJIÄ ]cntim[n¨pw {]mtZinImt\zjWw \S¯nbpw km£y]{Xw A\phZn¡mhp¶XmWv. 257. hcpam\ kÀ«n^n¡äv : þ (1) hnhn[ Bhiy§Ä¡pth­n hcpam\ kÀ «n^n¡ä n\pÅ [mc mf w At]£ IÄ d h\yq D tZ ymKØ À¡v kaÀ¸n¡s¸Smdp­v.kwØm\¯n\pÅnse Bhiy§Ä¡mbn lmPcmt¡­ hcpam\ kÀ«n^n¡äv \ÂIp¶Xn\pÅ A[nImcw hntÃPm^okÀ¡pw


kwØmt\Xc Bhiy§Ä¡pw tI{µkÀ¡mÀ Bhiy§Ä¡pw hcpam\ kÀ«n^n¡äv \ÂIp¶Xn\pÅ A[nImcw XlknÂZmÀ¡pamWv. hntÃPm^okÀ Xn«s¸Sp¯p¶ hcpam\¯nt·Â Bt£]apÅ ]£w A¸o tIÄ¡m\pÅ A[nImcw XlknÂZmÀ¡pw dnhnj³ lÀPn tIÄ¡m\pÅ A[nImcw dh\yq UnhnjW Hm^okÀ/sU]yq«n IfÎÀ¡pw Bbncn¡pw. F¶m XlknÂZmÀ Xn«s¸Sp¯p¶ hcpam\¯nt·Â Bt£]apÅ ]£w A¸o kaÀ¸nt¡­Xv dh\yq UnhnjW Hm^okÀ/ sU]yq«n IfÎÀ¡pw dnhnj³ lÀPn kaÀ¸ nt¡­Xv P nà m If ÎÀ ¡p amWv. kÀ« n^n¡äv At]£ Isâ Bhiy¯n\sæn BcpsS Bhiy¯n\mtWm B hyànbpambn At]£I\pff _Ôw At]£bn hyàam¡nbncn¡Ww. (2) hcpam\ kÀ«n^n¡än\v AXv A\phZn¡p¶ XnbXn apX Hcp hÀjw km[pXm Imebfhv D­mbncn¡p¶XmWv. Sn Imebfhn s]mXphmbn FÃm Bhiy§Ä¡pw D]tbmKn¡mhp¶XmIbm kÀ«n^n¡än Dt±iyw tcJs¸Spt¯­Xnà . GsX¦nepw Hcp {]tXyI tImgvkn\mbn \ÂIp¶ kÀ«n^n¡än\v tImgvknsâ Imemh[n Xocp¶Xphsc {]m_eyap­mbncn¡pw. At]£IÀ kÀ«n^n¡änsâ AÊ kq£nt¡­Xpw hnhn[ Bhiy§Ä¡mbn kÀ«n^n¡änsâ kzbw km£ys¸Sp¯nb ]IÀ¸v lmPcmt¡­XpamWv. (3) tI{µ kÀ¡mÀ Øm]\§fntet¡m, hnZym`ymk Øm]\§fntet¡m F³{S³kv XpS§nb ]co£IÄt¡m \nÀ±nã ^md¯n hcpam\ kÀ«n^n¡äv \ÂtI­nhcp t¼mÄ ap¼v \ Inbn«p ÅXpw km[pXm Imeb fhv Ignbm¯Xpamb hcpam\ kÀ«n^n¡äps­¦n AXnsâ ASnØm\¯n Sn t^md¯n hcpam\ kÀ«n^n¡äv \ÂtI­XmWv . F¶m hcpam\ kÀ«n^n¡äv ap¼v \ÂInbn«nsæntem ap¼v \ÂInb kÀ«n^n¡änsâ km[pXm Imebfhv Ignªn«ps­¦ntem ]pXnb hcpam\ kÀ«n^n¡äv \ÂtI­Xpw AtXmsSm¸w ta \nÀ±njvT ^md¯n hcpam\ kÀ«n^n¡äv \ÂtI­XpamWv. (4) tI{µ kÀ¡mÀ Øm]\§tfm aäp kwØm\§fnse hIp¸p ta[mhnItfm hcpam\ kÀ«n^n¡änsâ ]IÀ¸v kzoImcyaà F¶v \ne]mSv kzoIcn¡p¶ Ahkc¯n ap¼v \ÂInbn«pÅXpw km[pXm Imebfhv Ignbm¯Xpamb hcpam\ kÀ«n^n¡änsâ ASnØm\¯ntem Asæn ]pXpXmtbm AÊ kÀ«n^n¡äv A\phZnt¡­Xpw A{]Imcw \ÂIp¶ kÀ«n^n¡än Dt±iyw (Purpose) tcJs¸Sp¯n \ÂtI­XpamWv. (5) hcpam\ kÀ«n^n¡äv hnXcWw sN¿pt¼mÄ d^d³kv \¼À \ÂtI­Xpw kÀ«n^n¡äpIfpsS B^okv tIm¸n, kÀ«n^n¡äv kw_Ôn¨ cPnÌÀ F¶nh hntÃPm^oknÂ/ Xmeq¡m^okn kq£nt¡­XpamWv. IpSpw_hmÀjnI hcpam\amWv hcpam\ kÀ«n^n¡än\mbn IW¡mt¡­Xv. F¶m At]£I³ Bhiys¸Sp¶ ]£w IpSpw_hcpam\t¯msSm¸w hyànKX hcpam\w IqSn tcJs¸Sp¯n kÀ«n^n¡äv \ÂImhp¶XmWv. 165


(6) IpSpw_ hcpam\w Xn«s¸Sp¯pt¼mÄ IpSpw_mwK§fmbn At]£I³, amXm]nXm¡Ä/ c£IÀ¯m¡Ä Asæn AtX ho«n Hcpan¨p Xmakn¡p¶ c­m\½/c­m\ѳ, Hcpan¨p Xmakn¡p¶ AhnhmlnXcmb ktlmZcoktlmZc·mÀ, AhnhmlnXcmb a¡Ä F¶nhÀ DÄs¸Sp¶XmWv. (7) hcpam\w F¶Xv, IpSpw_mwK§Ä bYmÀ°¯n BÀÖn¡p¶ Ønchcpam\amWv. CXn Xmsg¸dbp¶ FÃm C\¯nepÅ hcpam\hpw DÄs¸Spw. 1)

i¼fw

2)

kÀÆokv s]³j³, ^manen s]³j³, t£a s]³j³

3)

Bdpamk¯ntesdbpÅ Imet¯¡pÅ HmWtddnbw.

4)

Irjnbn \n¶pÅ hcpam\w.

5)

hmSI, ]m«w F¶nhbn \n¶pÅ hcpam\w.

6)

I¨hSw/hyhkmb¯n \n¶pÅ hcpam\w.

7)

Iqenbn\¯nepÅ hcpam\w.

8)

Ønc\nt£]§fn \n¶pÅ ]eni, UnhnUâ v XpS§nbh.

9)

Iem/ImbnI {]hÀ¯\§Ä¡pÅ {]Xn^ew.

10)

GXpXcw sXmgnen \n¶pÅ hcpam\hpw

11)

t{_m¡tdPv/I½oj³ XpS§nb GXp Xcw hcpam\hpw.

At]£m XobXn apX ]pdIntebv¡pÅ Hcp hÀjs¯ hcpam\amWv hcpam\ kÀ«n^n¡än\pth­n ]cnKWnt¡­Xv. IpSpw_hmÀjnI hcpam\¯n 1) hn[hbmb ]p{Xn/ktlmZcnbpsS hcpam\w, 2) tkh\w Ahkm\n¡pt¼mÄ e`n¡p¶ B\pIqey§Ä, 3)eohv kmedn, 4) s^Ìnsh Aeh³kv F¶nh DÄs¸Spt¯­XnÃ. 258. hcpam\w Xn«s¸Sp¯phm\pÅ amÀ¤§Ä-þ(1) i¼f¯n \n¶pÅ hcpam\wþ HcmfpsS BZmb\nIpXn IW¡m¡pt¼mÄ i¼f¯nsâ `mKambn IW¡m¡p ¶ hc pam\§sfà mw kÀ« n^n¡äv \ÂIpt¼mÄ IW¡nseSp¡mhp¶XmWv. bm{Xm_¯, {]tXyI tPmen¡pÅ HmWtddnbw F¶nh Hgnhm¡mw._Ôs¸« A[nImcnIÄ \ÂIp¶ i¼f kÀ«n^n¡äv B[mcam¡nbmWv hcpam\ \nÀ®bw \St¯­Xv. (2) s]³j\n \n¶pff hcpam\wþ s]³j³ t]bvsasâ v HmÀUdnsâ ASnØm\¯nepff £mamizmkw DÄs¸sSbpÅ s]³j³ XpI (I½yqt«j³ XpI Ign¨pffXv) BWv IW¡nseSpt¡­Xv.


(3) hym]mc¯n \n¶pff hcpam\wþ \nIpXnZmbIcpsS Imcy¯n BZmb\nIpXn dnt«Wnsâ ASnØm\¯nepw AÃmsXbpffhcpsS Imcy¯n At] £Isâ kXy{] kvXmh\bp sS ASnØm\¯ n Aä mZ mb w IW¡nseSp¯pw kÀ«n^n¡äv \ÂtI­XmWv. (4) hntZi¯v tPmen sN¿p¶hcpsS hcpam\wþ At]£IÀ \ÂIp¶ kXy{]kvXmh\bpsS ASnØm\¯n hcpam\w Xn«s¸Spt¯­XmWv. (5) Znhk¡qen¡mcpsS hcpam\wþ At]£I³ ^b sN¿p¶ kXy{]kvXmh\bpsS ASnØm\¯n hcpam\ \nÀ®bw \St¯­XmWv. Xt±i kzbw`cW Øm]\§Ä aptJ\ \S¸nem¡p¶ sXmgnepd¸p ]²Xn {]Imcw 100 sXmgn Zn\§Ä¡pÅ Iqensb¦nepw Ipdª hcpam\ambn Xn«s¸Sp¯nbncn¡Ww. (6) hkvXphIIfn \n¶pff hcpam\wþ ImÀjnIhnfIfn \n¶pff hcpam\w, tZlÞ§fpsS aqeyw F¶nh IW¡m¡p¶Xv s]m¶pwhne \S]SnIfn kzoIcn¡p¶ am\ZÞ{]Imcambncn¡Ww (7) hmSIs¡«nS§fn \n¶pff hcpam\wþ hmSIbn \n¶pw hmÀjnI kwc£W sNehp Ign¨pff XpIbmbncn¡pw Cu C\¯n IW¡mt¡­Xv. (8) kzImcysXmgnenteÀs¸Sp¶hÀ,s{]m^jWÂkv þ \nIpXnZmbIcpsS kwKXnbn BZmb\nIpXn dnt«Wnsâbpw AÃm¯hcpsS Imcy¯n At]£ Isâ kXyhmM v a qe ¯nsâbp w ASnØ m\¯n hc pam\w Xn«s¸Spt¯­XmWv. (9) P\{]Xn\n[nIfpsS HmWtddnbwþ P\{]Xn\n[nIfpsS HmWtddnbw hcpam\ambn IW¡m¡n kÀ«n^n¡än DÄs¸Spt¯­XmWv. 259. At]£bn sXämb hnhcw ImWn¨mWv kÀ«n^n¡äv k¼mZn¨sX¶v t_m²yambm BbXv d±m¡p¶Xn\pÅ A[nImcw kÀ«n^n¡äv \ÂIp¶ A[nImcn¡v D­mbncn¡p¶XmWv . hcpam\ kÀ«n^n¡än\pÅ FÃm At]£bnt·epw Bhiysa¦n {]mtZinImt\zjWw \S¯n sXfnhpIÄ tiJcn¡m³ hntÃPm^okÀ¡v A[nImcap­mbncn¡pw. Bhiyamb tcJIÄ lmPcm¡p¶Xn\pÅ _m²yX At]£I\p­v. 260. t\m¬ {IoaosebÀ kÀ«n^n¡ävþ (1) aäp ]n¶m¡ hn`mK§fnse (H._n.kn.) kwhcW¯n\v AÀlcmbhÀ¡mWv t\m¬þ{IoaosebÀ kÀ«n^n¡äv A\phZn¡p¶Xv. At]£Isâ amXm]nXm¡fpsS kaql¯nse Øm\w (Social status) BWv ]cnKWnt¡­Xv. At]£Isâ /At]£IbpsS `mcybpsS/ `À¯mhnsâ ]Zhntbm hcpam\tam ]cnKWnt¡­XnÃ. F¶m s{]m^jW taJebnepÅhÀ¡pw hyhkmb taJebnepÅhÀ¡pw hcpam\ ]cn[n _m[IamWv. CXp kw_Ôamb amÀK\nÀt±i§fpÄs¸Sp¶ kÀ¡mÀ D¯chv A\p_Ôwþ 18 Bbn tNÀ¯ncn¡p¶p¶ 167


(2)

t\m¬ {IoaosebÀ kÀ«n^n¡än\v AÀlXbnÃm¯ hn`mK§Ä

F) NphsS tNÀ¯ncn¡p¶ `cWLS\m ]ZhnIÄ hln¡p¶hcpsS a¡Ä. (i)

C³Uy³ {]knUâ v

(ii)

sshkv {]knUâ v

(iii) kp{]ow tImSXnbntebpw sslt¡mSXnbntebpw PUvPnamÀ (iv) KhÀ®ÀamÀ (AhcpsS HutZymKnI Imebfhn am{Xw) (v) PSC, UPSC F¶nhnS§fnse sNbÀam³amÀ, sa¼ÀamÀ, No^v Ce£³ I½ojWÀamÀ, Iwt{SmfÀ Bâ v BUnäÀ P\dÂ. _n) ta tNÀ¯Xn\p Xpeyamb `cWLS\m ]ZhnIÄ. (k n) t kh\ hn `m Kw (kÀ Æo kn t\c n« v {] thin¨ ] Zhnb mWv ]cnKWnt¡­Xv) (1)

amXm]nXm¡Ä c­p t]cpw ¢mkv I B^okÀamcmbncp¶mÂ

(2)

amXm]nXm¡fnsemcmÄ ¢mkv I B^okdmbncp¶mÂ

(3)

amXm]nXm¡Ä c­pt]cpw ¢mkv II B^okÀamcmbmÂ

. amXm]nXm¡fnsemcmÄ ¢mkv II B^okdmbncn¡pIbpw, 35 hbÊn\p ap¼mbn ¢mkv I XkvXnIbntebv ¡v s{]mtamj³ e`n¡pIbpw sNbvXm (tI{µ kÀ¡mÀ Bhiy§Ä¡v 40 hbÊn\pÅn C{]Imcw s{]mtamj³ e`n¨mÂ) ta hn`mK¯nÂs¸« Poh\¡mÀ kÀÆokn \n¶p hncan¨mepw, hncan¨ tijw acWaSªmepw, AhcpsS a¡Ä kwhcW¯n\v AÀlcÃ. Un) s]mXptaJe Øm]\§fnse Poh\¡mÀþ apIfn tkh\hn`mK¯n tNÀ¯n«pÅ am\ZÞ§Ä _m[IamWv. kÀ¡mÀ kÀÆoknse i¼fhpambn XmcXayw sNbvXv ]ZhnIÄ \nÝbnt¡­XmWv. kzImcytaJebn tPmen sN¿p¶ i¼fw ]äp¶ Poh\¡mÀ¡pw kÀ¡mÀ taJebnse Poh\¡mcpsS Imcy¯nepff am\ZWvUamWv ]cnKWnt¡­Xv. C) {]Xntcm[ tk\Ifnse DtZymKØÀ:þ amXm]nXm¡fnsemcmtfm, c­pt]cptam BÀanbn tIWensâtbm AXn\p apIfntem dm¦pÅ B^oktdm, X¯pey]ZhnIÄ \mhnItk\bntem thymatk\bntem ]mcmanen«dn t^mgvkntem hln¡p¶htcm Bbm AhcpsS a¡Ä t\m¬ {IoaosebÀ kÀ«n^n¡än\v AÀlcÃ. F^v) s{]m^jWÂ/hmWnPy/hyhkmb hn`mKwþ A`n`mjIÀ, NmÀt«Uv A¡u­âpamÀ, tUmÎÀamÀ (kÀ¡mÀ kÀÆoknepÅhÀ HgnsI), kn\nam Xmc§Ä, ImbnI Xmc§Ä, kmlnXyImc·mÀ, _nkn\knepw hyhkmb§fnepw


GÀs¸«ncn¡p¶hÀ, \Kc ]cn[nbn¡pÅn hkv X phpw, sI«nShpw hgn hcpam\apÅhÀ XpS§nbhÀ Cu hn`mK¯nÂs¸Sp¶p. CXn\pÅ hcpam\ ]cn[n AXXp Ime§fn kÀ¡mÀ \nÝbn¡pw {]Imcambncn¡pw. C¯c¯nepÅ hcpam\w XpSÀ¨bmb 3 hÀj§fn D­mbncn¡Wsa¶pw hyhØbp­v. (3) IÀjIc mb m Ahc psS Ir jnbn \n¶p Å hc pam\w IW¡mt¡­XnÃ. IÀjIsc kw_Ôn¨v (¹mtâj³ BIvä n ]dbp¶ tXm«¯nsâ \nÀÆN\¯n hcp¶ Im¸n, dºÀ, tXbne tXm«§Ä HgnsI) Irjn `qanbpsS hnkvXrXnbmWv am\ZÞw. AhÀ¡v kz´ambn A©p slÎtdm AXn IqSpXtem Irjn`qan Ds­¦n am{Xta {IoaosebÀ ]cn[nbn hcq. DtZymK¯nÂ\n¶pff i¼f hcpam\hpw Irjnbn \n¶pff hcpam\hpw X½n Iq«n hcpam\w IW¡m¡m³ ]mSnÃ. i¼f hcpam\hpw ImÀjnIhcpam\hpw shtÆsd F Sp ¡p t¼mÄ hc pam\ ] cn[nbn A[nIamb nc p¶ me pw aäpXc¯nepÅ (_nkn\kv , hmSI XpS§n) hmÀjnI hcpam\w hcpam\ ]c n[nb v¡pÅne msW¦n t\m¬ {Ioaoseb À kÀ «n^n¡ä v A\phZn¡mhp¶XmWv. (4) PÌnkv cmtP{µ _m_p I½oj³ dnt¸mÀ«v {]Imcapff aäp ]n¶m¡ kapZmb§fpsS ]«nIbmWv kwivYm\¯v t\m¬þ {IoansebÀ kÀ«n^n«äv \ÂIphm³ ASnØm\amt¡­Xv . {]kv XpX enÌnse A\p_Ôwþ B bnepÄs¸Sp¯nbn«pff ]c¼cmKX sXmgn sN¿p¶ kapZmb§fpsS ]« nIbnep Äs¸« hÀ kap Zmbt¸c n\p ImcWamb Ip es¯mgnen GÀs¸¡phcp¶ ]£w A¯c¡mscbpw A\p_Ôwþ C bnepÄs¸Sp¯n bncn¡p¶ aÕys¯mgnemfn hn`mK§sfbpw {Ioansebdn \n¶pw ]qÀ®ambn Hgnhm¡nbn«p­v. OBC hn`mK¯nÂs¸« HcmÄ \nc£c\msW¦n (4-mw ¢mkv ]mkmIm¯bmÄ) AbmfpsS a¡fpw t\m¬ {IoaosebÀ kÀ«n^n¡än\v AÀlcmbncn¡pw. t\m¬ þ {IoansebÀ am\ZWvU§Ä \nÀ®bn¨psIm­pff kÀ¡mÀ D¯chmb 26.09.2009 se G.O. (P) No. 81/2009/SCSTDD A\p_Ôwþ 26 Bbn tNÀ¯ncn¡p¶p. (5) kw Øm\mhiy§Ä¡v hntà Pm^o kd pw kwØ mt\Xc Bhiy§Ä¡v Xlkn Zmcp w \ Inhc p¶ t\m¬ {Ioaoseb À kÀ«n^n¡änsâ km[pXm Imebfhv \nehn Hcp hÀjamWv. F¶m GsX¦nepw tImgv kpIÄ¡v tNcp¶hÀ¡v A\phZn¡p¶ kÀ«n^n¡än\v {]kvXpX tImgvkv Xocp¶Xphsc km[pXbp­mbncn¡pw. 261. Possession and Non-attachment Certificate:- At]£ Isâ ssIhimhImiw Dd¸phcp¯nbpw, dh\yq dn¡hdn Csöv t_m²ys¸«pw \ÂIp¶ kÀ«n^n¡ämWnXv. B[mcw, \nIpXn ckoXv, _m²yXm kÀ«n^n¡äv, dh\yq dn¡hdn eUvPdpIÄ F¶nh ]cntim[n¨pw BhiyapÅ ]£w Øe 169


]cntim[\ \S¯nbpw kÀ«n^n¡äv A\phZn¡mhp¶XmWv.

****

A²ymbwþ23

t£a{]hÀ¯\§Ä 262. ZpcnXmizmk \S]SnIÄþ {]IrXnt£m`w \nan¯w P\§fpsS Poh\pw hkv X p hIIÄ¡pw \mi\ãw kw`hn¡pt¼mÄ bYmkabw DNnXamb ZpcnXmizmk \S]SnIÄ FSp¡pI F¶Xv dh\yq DtZymKØcpsS {][m\s¸« NpaXeIfn H¶mWv. PnÃm s]mXp `cW¯nsâ Xeh³ F¶ \nebv¡v AXymlnX kw`h§Ä¡ncbmIp¶hÀ¡v ASnb´nc klmbw \ÂIm\pw ]mÀ¸nSw \ãs¸«hsc ]p\c[nhkn¸n¡m\pw PnÃm IfÎÀ¡v D¯chmZnXzw D­v. IStemc {]tZi§fnse aÕysXmgnemfnIÄ¡v ]ªamk§fn kuP\y tdj³ hnXcWw sN¿pI, IS t£m`w aqew `h\clnXcmbhsc amän ]mÀ¸n¡pI, Iã\ã§Ä¡v aXnbmb km¼¯nI klmbw \ÂIpI XpS§nbh kÀ¡mcnsâ {]Jym]nX ZpcnXmizmk \S]SnIfnÂs¸«hbmWv. AXn\m PnÃm IfÎÀ kwLSn¸n¡p¶ FÃm ZpcnXmizmk \S]SnIÄ¡pw hntÃPv DtZymKØ·mÀ th­ klmbklIcW§Ä \ÂtI­XmWv. 263. Hcp hntÃPn D­mIp¶ Xo]nSp¯w, shÅs¸m¡w, hcĨ, kmw{IanI tcmK§Ä, aäv AXymlnX§Ä F¶nhsb¡pdn¨v At\zjn¨v hnhcw bYmkabw XlknÂZmÀ¡pw PnÃm IfÎÀ¡pw dnt¸mÀ«v sNt¿­Xv hntÃPv B^okdpsS {][m\ ISabmIp¶p. CXn hogvN hcp¯p¶Xv KpcpXcamb IrXyhntem]ambn IW¡m¡s¸Sp¶XmWv. 264. hntÃPm^okÀ X¿mdm¡p¶ dnt¸mÀ«n P\§Ä¡pw I¶pImenIÄ¡pw t\cnSp¶ Pnhm]mbw, Irjn, hnfhv , `h\§Ä F¶nhbv ¡ v t\cnSp¶


\mi\ã§fp sS kw£ n] v X hnhc§Ä F¶ nh AS§nb nc n¡Ww . \mi\ã§Ä kw`hn¨ hyànIÄ¡pw IpSpw_§Ä¡pw \ymbambn e`nt¡­ km¼¯nI klmbs¯¡pdn¨pÅ hyàamb in]mÀibp w hntÃPv B^okdpsS dnt¸mÀ«n tcJs¸Spt¯­XmWv. 265. hcĨm ZpcnXmizmkwþ hcĨm ZpcnXmizmk {]hÀ¯\§Ä Imcy£aambn \S¸nem¡p¶Xn\mbn FÃm hntÃPv B^okÀamcpw AÀ¸Wt_m[t¯msS {]hÀ¯nt¡­XmWv . BbXntebv ¡ v hcĨm ZpcnXmizmk {]hÀ¯\§Ä¡mbn kÀ¡mÀ ]pds¸Sphn¡p¶ amÀ¤ \nÀt±i§Ä \S¸nemt¡­XmWv. \nba hncp²ambn Pew tNmÀ¯p¶Xmbn {i²bnÂs¸«m DS³ XSbp¶Xn\v th­ \S]SnIÄ kzoIcn¡Ww. Hcp {]tZi¯v Pe e`yX CÃmXmIpIbpw A¯cw {]tZi§fn ip²Pe................. CÃmXncn¡pIbpw sN¿p¶ kmlNcy¯n AXymhiysa¦n kÀ¡mÀ \nÀt±i {]Imcw Sm¦À aptJ\ PehnXcWw \St¯­XmWv. 266. B\pIqey§Ä¡v AÀlcmbhcpsS ]«nIþ km¼¯nI klmb¯n\pw ]p\c[nhmk¯n\pw AÀlXbpÅhcpsS enÌv X¿mdmt¡­Xv hntÃPv DtZymKØ·mcmIp¶p. {]kvXpX enÌv X¿mdm¡p¶Xn hntÃPm^okÀ th­{X Pm{KX ImWnt¡­Xp­v . enÌv X¿mdm¡p¶Xn\v ap¼mbn {]IrXnt£m`§Ä¡pw aäXymlnX kw`h§Ä¡pw hnt[bamb Øew t\cn¡­v ]cntim[nt¡­XmWv . Hmtcm IpSpw_¯n\pw kzImcy hyànIÄ¡pw t\cn« \mi\ã§fpsS aXn¸v hnebpw AhcpsS hcpam\hpw At\zjn¨dnªXn\p tijw hniZamb dnt¸mÀ«v X¿mdm¡n A\phZnt¡­ km¼¯nI klmbw kw_Ôn¨ in]mÀibpw klnXw Xmeq¡m^okntebv¡v kaÀ¸nt¡­XmWv. hntÃPm^okn e`n¡p¶ {]IrXnt£m`w/hcĨm/ AXymlnX At]£IÄ tcJs¸Sp¯p¶Xn\v Hcp cPnÌÀ X¿mdm¡n kq£nt¡­Xpw [\klmbw A\phZn¨v Adnbn¸v e`n¡p¶ apdbv¡v cPnÌdn tcJs¸Sp¯epIÄ hcp¯pIbpw sNt¿­XmWv. 267. apJya{´nbpsS ZpcnXmizmk \n[nbn \n¶pÅ [\klmbwþ apJya{´nbpsS ZpcnXmizmk \n[nbn \n¶pÅ [\klmb¯n\pÅ At]£ \nehn Hm¬sse\mbmWv ssIImcyw sN¿p¶Xv . BbXntebv ¡ v www.cmdrf.kerala.gov.in F¶ sh_vsskäntebv¡v bqkÀs\bnw, ]mkvthÀUv F¶nh D]tbmKn¨v temKn³ sNbv X v {]thin¡Ww. AXmXv hntÃPv ]cn[nbnepÅ P\§Ä apJya{´nbpsS ZpcnXmizmk \n[nbn \n¶pÅ [\klmb¯n\mbn Hm¬ sse\mbn \ÂInb At]£IÄ AXmXv hntÃPv B^okÀamÀ¡v e`yamIpw. hntÃPv B^okÀamÀ At]£IÄ Hmtcm¶pw hniZambn ]cntim[n¨v X§fpsS A[nImc ]cn[nbneÃm¯ At]£IÄ XncnsI kaÀ¸nt¡­Xpw A[nImc ]cn[nbnepÅ At]£Ifnt·Â hniZamb At\zjWw \S¯n dnt¸mÀ«pw in]mÀibpw klnXw XlknÂZmÀ¡v Hm¬ sse\mbn kaÀ¸nt¡­XpamWv. At]£tbmsSm¸w kaÀ¸n¡m³ hn«p t]mb 171


tcJIÄ hÃXpaps­¦n Bbh k- v I m³ sNbv X v At]£tbmsSm¸w tNÀ¡Ww. AkpJ _m[nXcpsS Imcy¯n \nÝnXamXrIbnepff 6 amk¯n\Iapff saUn¡Â kÀ«n^n¡äv , A]ISacWamsW¦n FIR, t]mÌvtamÀ«w dnt¸mÀ«v F¶nhbpsS ]IÀ¸pIÄ, Xo]nSn¯w \S¶ Øe§fn F I R , AKv\nia\ tk\bpsS dnt¸mÀ«v, At]£Isâ kXy{]kvXmh\ F¶nh At]£tbmsSm¸w lmPcm¡Ww. 268. tZiob IpSpw_t£a ]²Xnþ Zmcn{Zy tcJbv ¡ v Xmsgbpff IpSpw_¯nse apJy A¶ZmZmhv acWs¸«m acWs¸« hyànbpsS `mcy/ `À¯mhv {]mb]qÀ¯nbmIm¯ a¡Ä, AhnhmlnXcmb s]¬a¡Ä, acWs¸« hyànsb B{ibn¨v Ignbp¶ AÑ\½amÀ F¶nhÀ¡mWv [\klmbw e`nbv¡p¶Xv. acWs¸« hyàn acWw kw`hn¡p¶Xn\v ap³]v aq¶phÀjw tIcf¯nse Ønc Xmak¡mc\mbncn¡Ww. acWs¸« hyànbpsS {]mbw18 \pw 60 \pw CSbv ¡ mbncn¡Ww. IqSmsX Sn hyàn Zmcn{Zy tcJbv ¡ v Xmsgbpambncn¡Ww. acWw kw`hn¨v Hcp amk¯n\Iw At]£ kaÀ¸n¨ncn¡Ww. F¶m aXnbmb ImcWaps­¶v t_m[ys¸«m At]£ kaÀ¸n¡m\p­mb ImeXmakw am¸m¡p¶Xn\v PnÃmIfÎÀ¡v A[nImcap­v. At]£tbmsSm¸w acWkÀ«n^n¡änsâ km£ys¸Sp¯nb ]IÀ¸v , At]£I\v acWs¸« hyànbpambpff _Ôw sXfnbn¡p¶Xn\pff tcJ, acWs¸« hyànbpsS {]mbw sXfnbn¡p¶Xn\pff tcJ, IpSpw_w Zmcn{Zy tcJbv¡v XmsgbmsW¶v sXfnbn¡p¶Xn\pff tcJ, At]£Isâ kXy{]kvXmh\, At]£ kaÀ¸n¡m³ ImeXmakap­mbm BbXn\pff amt¸t]£ F¶nhbpw DÄs¸«ncn¡Ww. At]£bnt·Â At\zjWw \S¯n hntÃPv B^okÀ X¿mdm¡p¶ s{]mt^mÀa dnt¸mÀ«pw ip]mÀibpw DÄs¸sS tcJIÄ klnXw c­v Znhk¯n\Iw XlknÂZmÀ¡v kaÀ¸nt¡­XmWv. 269. £btcmKnIÄ¡pff [\klmbwþ \nÀ[\cmb £btcmKnIÄ¡v {]Xnamkw NnInÕ m [\klmbambn \nÝnX XpI A\phZn¡p¶ ]²XnbmWnXv. Hcp hÀj¯ne[nIambn tIcf¯n ØncXmak¡mcmbhcpw Sn. _n ¢n\n¡ntem B ip ]{Xnbnte m km\nt« md nb ¯nte m {]thin¸n¨n«nÃm¯hcpamb tcmKnIÄ¡mWv Cu [\klmb¯n\v AÀlX. 13þ12þ2013 XobXnbnse k.D. (ssI) 485/2013/B.Ip.h \¼À D¯chv {]Imcw Cu C\w [\klmb¯n\pÅ hmÀjnI hcpam\ ]cn[n Hcp e£w cq]bmbn \nPs¸Sp¯nbn«p­v. \nÝnX amXrIbnepÅ At]£, AknÌâ v kÀP\n Ipdbm¯ saUn¡Â B^okdpsS km£y]{Xw F¶nh klnXw hntÃPv B^okn e`n¡p¶ At]£IÄ \nÀ±nã s{]mt^mÀabnepÅ dnt¸mÀ«v, in]mÀi F¶nh klnXw c­v Znhk¯n\pÅn XlknÂZmÀ¡v kaÀ¸n¡Ww. 270. IpjvTtcmKnIÄ¡pÅ [\klmbwþ c­v hÀj¯ne[nIambn tIcf¯n Ønc XmakapÅ AKXnIfmb IpjvTtcmKnIÄ¡v {]Xnamkw [\klmbw


\ÂIp¶ ]²XnbmWnXv. At]£tbmsSm¸w tcmKnbv¡v IpjvT tcmKamsW¶pw AbmÄ¡v XpSÀ NnInÕ BhiyamsW¶papÅ AknÌâ v kÀP\n Ipdbm¯ Hcp saUn¡Â B^okdpsS km£y]{Xw lmPcm¡Ww. NphsS ]dbp¶hÀ [\klmb¯n\v AÀlcÃ. 1.

hmÀjnI hcpam\w 100000/- cq]tbm AXn IqSpXtem DÅhÀ.

2.

]Xnhmbn bmNI hr¯nbn GÀs¸«n«pÅhÀ.

3. KpcpXcamb IpäIrXy§Ä¡v Hcp hÀj¯n IqSpX Pbn in£bv¡v hn[n¡s¸«n«pÅhÀ. 4. Fkv. C. än skâdnte m Bip] {Xnb ntem t]c v cP nÌ À sNbvXn«nÃm¯hcpw \nÀ±nã NnInÕbn Ignbm¯hcpamb hyànIÄ. 5. kuP\y NnInÕbpw Xmak kuIcyhpw e`yam¡p¶Xpw, IpjvTtcmK NnInÕ¡pth­n {]tXyIw kÖam¡nbn«pÅXpamb GsX¦nepw kÀ¡mÀ Bip]{Xnbntem aäv AwKoIrX Bip]{Xnbntem NnInÕbv¡pth­n {]thin¡s¸«n«pÅhÀ. 6. kwØm\ Kh¬satâm, tI{µ Kh¬satâm GsX¦nepw Xt±i kzbw`cW Øm]\tam {Kmâ v e`n¡p¶ atäsX¦nepw AwKoIrX Øm]\tam GÀs¸Sp¯nbn«pÅ ]²Xn A\pkcn¨v GsX¦nepw [\klmbtam s]³jt\m e`n¡p¶hÀ. 7.

kZmNmchncp²amb Ipä§Ä¡v in£n¡s¸«n«pÅhÀ.

\nÝnX tcJIÄ klnXw hntÃPv B^okn e`n¡p¶ At]£IÄ, s{]mt^mÀam dnt¸mÀ«v , in]mÀi F¶nh klnXw c­v Znhk¯n\Iw XlknÂZmÀ¡v kaÀ¸n¡Ww. 271. Iym³kÀ tcmKnIÄ¡pÅ [\klmbwþ AKXnIfmb Iym³kÀ tcmKnIÄ¡v {]Xnamk [\klmbw \ÂIp¶ ]²XnbmWnXv. XpSÀ¨bmbn c­v hÀj¯n IpdbmsX tIcf¯n ØncXmak¡mcmbXpw hmÀjnI hcpam\w Hcp e£w cq]bn IpdhmbXpamb FÃm Iym³kÀ tcmKnIfpw [\klmb¯n\v AÀlcmWv. Xncph\´]pcw BÀ.kn.kn., ae_mÀ Iym³kÀ skâÀ, sIm¨n Iym³kÀ skâÀ, saUn¡Â tImtfPpIÄ F¶nhnS§fnse cPntÌÀUv Hmt¦mfPnÌpIfn \nt¶m PnÃ/P\d Bip]{XnIfnse IotamsXdm¸n (Iyqtdäohv & ]mentbäohv)/ tdUntbm sXdm¸nbpambn _Ôs¸« saUn¡Â B^okÀamcn \nt¶m DÅ km£y]{Xw klnXw hntÃPv B^okn e`n¡p¶ At]£, \nÀ±njvS s{]mt^mÀabnepÅ dnt¸mÀ«v, in]mÀi F¶nh klnXw c­v Znhk¯n\Iw XlknÂZmÀ¡v kaÀ¸n¡Ww. 272. AhiIemImc·mÀ¡pÅ s]³j³þ tIcf¯n AhiX A\p`hn¡p¶ ]mhs¸« IemImc·mÀ¡v s]³j³ A\phZn¡p¶ ]²XnbmWnXv . 173


kmwkv¡mcnI hIp¸v UbdÎtdäv hgnbmWv Cu s]³j³ \ÂIp¶Xv. \nÝnX tcJIÄ klnXw hntÃPv B^okn e`n¡p¶ At]£, \nÀ±nã {]t^mÀabn in]mÀi klnXw XlknÂZmÀ¡v kaÀ¸nt¡­XmWv. 273. kÀ¡kv IemIc·mÀ¡pÅ s]³j³þ (1) tIcf¯n kÀ¡kv sXmgnemb n kzoIcn¨hcpw AhiXb\p`hn¡p¶hcpamb ]mhs¸« IemIc·mÀ¡v s]³j³ A\phZn¡p¶Xn\pÅ ]²XnbmWnXv. s]³j\pÅ AÀlXm am\ZÞ§Ä NphsS ]dbp¶hbmWv. 1.

15 hÀjsa¦nepw kÀ¡kn {]hÀ¯n¨hcmbncn¡Ww.

2.

hmÀjnI hcpam\w 36000/- cq]bn Ipdhmbncn¡Ww.

3. IemIc ·mÀ¡v 45 hbkpw IemImcnIÄ¡v 3 5 hb Êp w ]qÀ¯oIcn¨ncn¡Ww. 4. A\ykwØm\ IemImc·mÀ/IemImcnIÄ BsW¦n tIcf¯n 10 hÀj¯n IqSpX Imew ØncXmakam¡nbncn¡Ww. (2) kÀ¡kv IemImc·mÀ¡pÅ s]³j³ At]£tbmsSm¸w NphsS ] db p¶ tcJ IÄ lmP cm¡nbn«p s­¶v hntÃP v B^okÀ Dd¸phcpt¯­XmWv. 1. At]£I³ GXv kÀ¡kv Iemcq]hpambn«mWv _Ôs¸«v {] hÀ ¯n¨n«p ÅXv, F {XImeamb n {] hÀ ¯n¨ncp ¶p F ¶nh sXfnbn¡p¶Xn\pÅ tcJIÄ/km£y]{Xw. 2.

hbkv sXfnbn¡p¶Xn\pÅ tcJ.

3.

At]£Isâ kXy{]kvXmh\.

****


A²ymbwþ24

hnhcmhImi \nbaw 274. Hcp s]mXp A[nImcnbpsS ssIhi¯ntem \nb{´W¯ntem DÅ GsXmcp hnhchpw ]cntim[n¡p¶Xn\pw AhbpsS km£ys¸Sp¯nb ]IÀ¸pItfm km¼nfpItfm e`n¡p¶Xn\pw Cet{ÎmWnIv cq]¯n kq£n¨n«pÅ hnhc§Ä Cet{ÎmWnIv cq]¯ntem At]£I³ Bhiys¸Sp¶ cq]¯ntem Hm^okn e`ysa¦n BbXv e`n¡p¶Xn\papÅ AhImiamWv hnhcmhImi \nbaw Hcp ]uc\v \ÂIp¶Xv. Cu \nba {]Imcw C³Uy³ ]uc·mcmb hyànIÄ¡v am{XamWv hnhc§Ä e`n¡p¶Xn\v AhImiapÅXv. 275. hnhcmhImi \nba¯nse hIp¸v 2(F^v) {]Imcw GXp cq]¯nepapÅ hkvXp¡Ä ""hnhcw'' F¶ kwÚbn DÄs¸Sp¶p. s]mXp A[nImcn¡v e`n¨n«pÅXpw At±l¯nsâ kq£n¸nepÅXpamb FÃm tcJIfpw dn¡mÀUpIfpw Cet{ÎmWnIv cq]¯n kq£n¨n«pÅXmb tcJIfpw CXnsâ ]cn[nbn hcp¶p. 276. \nba¯nse 2(F¨v) hIp¸n \njv¡Àjn¨n«pÅXp {]Imcw s]mXp A[nImcn F ¶Xv `c WL S\ {]Imc tam \nba\nÀ½mW k`IÄ ]mÊm¡nbn«pÅ \nbaw hgntbm \nehn h¶tXm kÀ¡mÀ hnÚm]\ {]Imcw \nehn h¶tXm cq]oIcn¡s¸«tXm Bb A[nImcntbm Øm]\tam F¶À°amIp¶Xpw BbXn kÀ¡mcn \n¶v GsX¦nepw hn[¯n klmb[\w ssI¸äp¶ kÀ¡mcnXc kwLS\IÄ, kÀ¡mcn \n¶pw [\klmbw ssI¸äp¶tXm kÀ¡mcnsâ \nb{´W¯nepÅtXm Bb kwLS\IÄ F¶nh DÄs¸Sp¶XpamIp¶p. 277. tÌäv ]»nIv C³^Àtaj³ Hm^okdpsS NpaXeIÄþ (1) 175


hnhcmhImi At]£IÄ kzoIcn¨v XoÀ¸m¡p¶Xntebv¡mbn Hmtcm s]mXp A[nImcØm]\¯nepw tÌäv ]»nIv C³^Àtaj³ Hm^okÀamsc \ntbmKn¨n«pÅXmWv . At]£IÄ kzoIcn¨v ssI¸äv ckoXv \ÂIpI, \ÂImhp¶ hnhc§Ä¡v \nÝnX ^okv CuSm¡n hnhc§Ä e`yam¡pI, Bhiys¸« hnhcw e`yam¡m³ \nÀÆmlanÃm¯ Ahkc§fn ImcyImcW klnXapÅ adp]Sn At]£I\v \ÂIpI F¶nhbmWv tÌäv ]»nIv C³^Àtaj³ Hm^okdpsS NpaXeIÄ (2) At]£bnse Bhiy§Ä hyàaÃ, At]£bn \yq\XIÄ ImWp¶p F¶p XpS§nb ImcW§fm At]£IÄ \nckn¡phm³ ]mSpÅXÃ. A§s\bpÅ ]£w Ah ]cnlcn¡p¶Xn\mbn At]£Is\ klmbnt¡­ NpaXe tÌäv ]»nIv C³^Àtaj³ Hm^okdn \n£n]vXamWv. (3) kwØm\s¯ FÃm hntÃPv Hm^okpIfnepw hntÃPv Hm^okÀamÀ tÌäv ]»nIv C³^Àtaj³ Hm^okÀamcmbncn¡p¶Xpw, GsXmcp tÌäv ]»nIv C³^Àtaj³ Hm^okÀ¡pw ]uc\v hnhcw \ÂIp¶Xntebv ¡ mbn Bhiysa¶p tXm¶p¶ ]£w Xsâ Hm^oknse aäv DtZymKØcpsS tkh\w Bhiys¸Smhp¶Xpw C¯c¯n NpaXes¸Sp¯s¸« DtZymKس hnhcw \ÂIp¶Xn hogvN hcp¯p¶ ]£w hIp¸v 5(5) {]Imcw c­mw A¸o ]cnKWn¡p¶ Ahkc¯n hnhcmhImi I½oj³ At±ls¯ tÌäv ]»nIv C³^Àtaj³ Hm^okdmbn IW¡m¡p¶Xpambncn¡pw. 278. tÌäv AknÌâ v ]»nIv C³^Àtaj³ Hm^okdpsS NpaXeIÄ þ (1) ]uc·mÀ kaÀ¸n¡p¶ At]£IÄ, lÀPnIÄ F¶nh kzoIcn¨v ssI¸äv ckoXv \ÂIpIbpw Ah bYm{Iaw tÌäv ]»nIv C³^Àtaj³ Hm^okÀ, A¸oe[nImcn F¶nhÀ¡v ssIamdpIbpw sN¿pI F¶nh AknÌâ v tÌäv ]»nIv C³^Àtaj³ Hm^okdpsS NpaXeIfmWv. F¶m A]£bntem lÀPnbntem tÌäv AknÌâ v ]»nIv C³^Àtaj³ Hm^okÀ Xocpam\§Ä FSp¡m³ ]mSpÅXÃ. hnhcmhImi \nba {]Imcw e`n¡p¶ At]£IÄ, lÀPnIÄ F¶nh ssIImcyw sN¿p¶Xp kw_Ôn¨ hniZmwi§Ä tcJs¸Sp¯p¶Xn\v A\p_Ôwþ  tNÀ¯ncn¡p¶ amXrIbnepÅ cPnÌÀ h¨pt]mtc­XmWv. (2) hntÃPv Hm^okpIfn kvs]jy hntÃPv Hm^okÀamÀ tÌäv AknÌâ v ]»nIv C³^Àtaj³ Hm^okÀamcmbncn¡p¶Xpw F¶m H¶ne[nIw kvs]jy hntÃPv Hm^okÀamcpÅ ]£w ko\nbdmb kvs]jy hn tà Pm^o kÀ tÌä v AknÌ â v]» nIv C³^À taj³ H m^okÀ Bbncn¡p¶XpamWv. F¶m GsX¦nepw hntÃPn kvs]jy hntÃPv Hm^okÀ CÃmXncn¡p¶ Øm\¯v hntÃPv AknÌâ v, tÌäv AknÌâ v ]»nIv C³^Àtaj³ Hm^okdpsS NpaXe hlnt¡­Xpw H¶ne[nIw hntÃPv AknÌâpamcpÅ kwKXnbn ko\nbdmb hntÃPv AknÌâ v, tÌäv AknÌâ v


]»nIv C³^Àtaj³ Hm^okdpsS NpaXeIÄ hlnt¡­XpamWv. 279. At]£IÄ kaÀ¸nt¡­Xvþ (1) Cw¥ojntem, lnµnbntem Øes¯ HutZymKnI `mjbntem DÅ At]£ _Ôs¸« tÌäv ]»nIv C³^Àtaj³ Hm^okÀ ap¼msItbm tÌäv AknÌâ v ]»nIv C³^Àtaj³ Hm^okÀ ap¼msItbm kaÀ¸n¡mhp¶XmWv. At]£bvs¡m¸w \nÝnX At]£m^okv IqSn lmPcm¡nbncn¡Ww. _n.]n.F hn`mK¯nÂs¸Sp¶p F¶ _Ôs¸« Xt±i kzbw`cW sk{I«dnbn \n¶pÅ km£y]{Xw lmPcm¡p¶hsc At]£m^okv HSp¡p¶Xn \n¶pw Hgnhm¡nbn«pÅXmWv. F¶m ^okv AS¨n«nà F¶ ImcW¯m At]£ \nckn¡m³ ]mSnÃm¯XmWv. C¯cw kwKXnIfn ^okv ASbv¡p¶Xn\v At]£It\mSv Bhiys¸Smhp¶Xpw ^okSbv¡pItbm ^okS¨Xmb tcJ lmPcm¡pItbm sNbvX XobXn apX am{Xw kab]cn[n IW¡m¡p¶Xpambncn¡pw. (2) At]£ X¿mdm¡mt\m FgpXmt\m Adnbm¯ At]£I\v Bhiyamb klmbw tÌäv ]»nIv C³^Àtaj³ Hm^okÀ sNbv X p sImSp¡m³ NpaXes¸«ncn¡p¶p. (3) At]£I³ Bhiys¸« hnhc§Ä asämcp s]mXp A[nImcnbpsS ssIhiamWpÅsX¦n {]kvX pX At]£ e`n¨v 5 Znhk§Ä¡pÅn _Ôs¸« s]mXp A[nImcn¡v ssIamtd­Xpw C{]Imcw ssIamdnbn«pÅ hnhcw At]£Is\ bYmkabw Adnbn¨ncnt¡­XpamWv. 280. At]£bnt·epÅ \S]SnIÄ-þ (1) At] £I³ Bhiys¸ « hnhc§Ä s]mXp Ah[nIÄ DÄs¸sS ]camh[n 30 Znhk§Ä F¶ ]cn[nbv ¡p hnt[bambn Ignbp¶Xpw thKw \ÂInbncn¡Ww. F¶m hyànbp sS Po hs\tb m, kz ¯nt\tbm _ m[n¡p ¶ hnhc§fmWv Bhiys¸«n«pÅsX¦n BbXv At]£ e`n¨v 4 8 aWn¡qdn\Iw \ÂInbncn¡Ww (2) hnhcw e`yam¡p¶Xn\v IqSpX ^okv BhiyapÅ ]£w ^okv ASbv¡p¶Xn\v At]£It\mSv Bhiys¸Smhp¶Xpw ^okv IW¡m¡nb hn[w F{]Imcsa¶v At]£I\pÅ Adnbn¸n hyàamt¡­XpamWv. hnhcw e`yam¡p¶Xn\pw tcJIÄ ]cntim[n¡p¶Xn\pw \nÀ®bn¡s¸« \nc¡nepÅ ^okv CuSm¡mhp¶XmWv . F¶m At]£I³ Zmcn{ZytcJbv ¡ v XmsgbpÅbmfmWv F¶Xp kw_Ôn¨ _Ôs¸« Xt±i kzbw`cW Øm]\ sk{I«dnbn \n¶pÅ km£y]{Xw lmPcm¡p¶ ]£w F4 hep¸¯nepÅ ]camh[n 20 t]PpIÄ F¶ ]cn[nbv¡p hnt[bambn Bhiys¸« hnhcw kuP\yambn A\phZn¡mhp¶XmWv. ^okSbv¡ p¶Xnt\m, _n.]n.F km£y]{Xw e`yam¡p¶Xnt\m DÅ Adnbn¸p \ÂInb XobXn apX At]£I³ ^okS¨ hnhcw e`yam¡p¶tXm _n.]n.F km£y]{Xw e`yam¡p¶tXm Bb kabw hnhcw \ÂIp¶Xn\v \nÝbn¡s¸«n«pÅ 30 Znhk 177


Ime]cn[nbn \n¶pw Hgnhm¡p¶Xmbncn¡pw. 30 Znhk§Ä¡p tijw hnhcw A\phZn¡p¶ ]£w BbXv kuP\yambn \ÂtI­Xpw CXp kw_Ôambn s]mXp A[nImc Øm\¯n\p­mIp¶ \ãw _Ôs¸« DtZymKØ\n \n¶pw CuSm¡p¶Xpambncn¡pw. (3)hnhcmhImi \nba{]ImcapÅ FÃm Fgp¯pIp¯pIfpw \St¯­Xv tÌäv ]»nIv C³^Àtaj³ Hm^okÀ F¶ \nebnembncnt¡­Xpw Fgp¯pIp¯pIfn tÌäv ]»nIv C³^Àtaj³ Hm^okÀ Xsâ t]cpw HutZymKnI Øm\hpw tcJs¸Spt¯­XpamWv . hnhc§Ä \ÂIpI, Bhiys¸« hnhc§Ä \nckn¨psIm­pÅ Adnbn¸pIÄ \ÂIpI, IqSpX ^okv Bhiys¸«pÅ Adnbn¸pIÄ \ÂIpI F¶o Ahkc§fnseÃmw A¸o Imemh[n, A¸oe[nImcnbpsS ta hnemkw F¶o hnhc§Ä At]£Is\ Adnbn¡m\pÅ _m[yXbpw tÌäv ]»nIv C³^Àtaj³ Hm^okÀ¡p­v (4) hnhc§Ä \ÂIpt¼mÄ aq¶mw I£nbpsS A`n{]mbw IqSn ]c ntim[nt¡­Xps­¶ v tÌ äv ] »nIv C³^À taj³ H m^okÀ IcpXp¶psh¦n hnhcw \ÂIp¶Xn\p ap¼mbpw At]£ e`n¨v 5 Znhk¯n\pÅnembpw aq¶mw I£nbv ¡ v CXp kw_Ôambn t\m«okv \ÂtI­Xpw t\m«okv e`n¨v 10 Znhk¯n\Iw aq¶mw I£n Xsâ A`n{]mbw tÌäv ]»nIv C³^Àtaj³ Hm^oksd Adnbnt¡­XpamWv. aq¶mw I£n bYmkabw adp]Sn lmPcm¡mXncp¶m At±l¯n\v FXnÀ¸nsö \nKa\¯n DNnXamb Xocpam\saSp¡mhp¶Xpw F¶m FXnÀ¸v Adnbn¡p¶ Ahkc¯n At]£bnt·Â Xocpam\saSp¡pt¼mÄ aq¶mw I£nbpsS A`n{]mbt¯¡mÄ s]mXp Xm¸cy¯n\v ap³KW\ \ÂtI­XpamWv. hIp¸v 2 (sI) {]Imcw aq¶mw I£n F¶Xn Hcp s]mXp A[nImcnbpw DÄs¸Sp¶p F¶Xv {it²bamWv. dh\yq Hm^okpIfn kÀ¡mÀ Bhiy§Ä¡mbn X¿mdm¡n kq£n¨ncn¡p¶ ]e tcJIfpw hyànIfpambn _Ôs¸«hbmWv. C¯cw hnhc§Ä ]uc·mÀ Bhiys¸Spt¼mÄ Ah aq¶mw I£n hnhc§fmbn ]cnKWnt¡­XnÃ. (DZm:þ X­t¸À A¡u­v, _n.än.BÀ apXembh). 281. A¸oepIÄ-þ (1) tÌäv ]»nIv C³^Àtaj³ Hm^okÀ¡v kaÀ¸n¡p¶ At]£Ifnt·Â \nÝ nX kab]cn[nbv ¡ pÅn Xocpam\saSp¡m Xncn¡pt¼mtgm tÌäv ]»nIv C³^Àtaj³ Hm^okdpsS Xocpam\w Xr]vXnIcaÃmXncn¡pt¼mtgm At]£IÀ¡v _Ôs¸« A¸teäv AtXmdnän ap¼msI H¶mw A¸o kaÀ¸n¡mhp¶XmWv. tÌäv ]»nIv C³^Àtaj³ Hm^okÀ, tÌäv AknÌâ v ]»nIv C³^Àtaj³ Hm^okÀ F¶nhÀ hgnbmWv A¸o lÀPnIÄ kaÀ¸n¡p¶sX¦n AhÀ bYmkabw A¸o lÀPnIÄ A¸teä v AtXmdnänt¡m, tÌä v C³^À taj³ I½ojWÀ t¡m Ab¨psImSp¡m³ _m[yØcmWv.


(2) tÌäv ]»nIv C³^Àtaj³ Hm^okÀ \nbam\p kcWw Xocpam\saSpt¡­ XobXn AYhm tÌäv ]»nIv C³^Àtaj³ Hm^okdpsS Xo cp am\w e `n¨ Xo bXn ap X 3 0 Znhk¯n\Iw H¶ mw A¸o  kaÀ¸n¡mhp¶XmWv. hntÃPv Hm^okpIfnse tÌäv ]»nIv C³^Àtaj³ Hm^okÀamcpsS \S]SnIÄs¡Xncmb H¶mw A¸oe[nImcn _Ôs¸« XlknÂZmcmbncn¡pw. (3) At]£ Itfm A¸o ep Itfm kzo Ic n¡m³ tÌä v ]» nIv C³^Àtaj³ Hm^okÀamÀ hnk½Xn¡pI, \nÝnX kab]cn[nbv¡pÅn At]£bnt·Â {]XnIcWap­mImsX hcnI, ASbv¡m\mhiys¸« ^okv kw_Ôambn At]£I\v Bt£]w D­mIpI, \ÂIs¸« hnhc§Ä A]qÀ®tam sXän²mcWmP\Itam BsW¶v At]£I³ IcpXpI F¶obhkc§fn At]£I\v kwØm\ C³^Àtaj³ I½oj³ ap¼msI ]cmXn t_m[n¸n¡mhp¶XmWv. 282. At]£m ^okpw, ]IÀ¸n\pÅ sNehp ^okpw:þ (1) tImÀ«v ^okv Ìm¼v ]Xnt¨m, {Sjdnbn ]WaS¨v Ak sNem³ lmPcm¡ntbm tÌäv ]»nIv C³^Àtaj³ Hm^okdpsS Hm^okn t\cn«v ]WaSt¨m tÌäv ]»nIv C³^Àtaj³ Hm^okdpsStbm AknÌâ v tÌäv ]»nIv C³^Àtaj³ Hm^okdpsStbm t]cn Unamâ v {Um^väv, _mt¦gvkv sN¡v, t] HmÀUÀ F¶nh FSpt¯m \nÝ nX \nc ¡nep Å At]£ m ^o kn\¯ ne pf f Xp I ASbv ¡ mhp¶XmWv . _Ôs¸« Xt±iØm]\ sk{I«dnbn \n¶pw Zmcn{ZytcJbv ¡ p Xmsgbpff hn`mK¯nÂs¸Sp¶p F¶ km£y]{Xw lmPcm¡p¶ At]£IÀ At]£m ^okv ASbvt¡­XnÃ. (2) ISe mkpc q] ¯nep w Ce t{ÎmWnIv c q] ¯nep w \ Ip ¶ hnhc§Ä¡v \nÀ®bn¡s¸« ^okv t\cn«Sbv¡pItbm, {SjdnbneS¨ sNem³ lmPcm¡pItbm tÌäv ]»nIv C³^Àtaj³ Hm^okdpsStbm tÌäv AknÌâ v ]»nIv C³^Àtaj³ Hm^okdpsStbm t]cnseSp¯ Unamâ v {Um^v äv, _mt¦gv k v sN¡v , t] HmÀUÀ F¶nhbntesX¦nepw lmPcm¡pItbm sN¿mhp¶XmWv. _n.]n.F hn`mK¯nÂs¸«hÀ¡v km£y]{Xw lmPcm¡p¶ ]£w F4 hen¸¯nepÅ ]camh[n 20 t]PpIÄ F¶ ]cn[nbv¡p hnt[bambn hnhcw kuP\yambn A\phZn¡p¶p. (3) At]£I³ tcJIÄ t\cn ]cntim[n¡m³ Bhiys¸Sp¶ ]£w tcJbpsS ]cntim[\bv¡v BZy Hcp aWn¡qÀ ^okv Bhiys¸Sm³ ]mSnÃm¯XmWv. F¶m XpSÀ¶pÅ Hmtcm AcaWn¡qdn\pw AXnsâ Awi¯n\pw \nÝnX \nc¡nepÅ ^okv CuSmt¡­XmWv. 283. ^okv, sNehpIÄ F¶nhbv¡pÅ ioÀjI§Ä:þ (1) A t ] £ m ^okv, hnhcw e`yam¡p¶Xn\pÅ sNehv ^okv, tcJm ]cntim[\bv¡pÅ 179


^okv F¶nh At]£I³ kÀ¡mÀ JP\mhn HSp¡phcp¯p¶psh¦n BbXv 0070þ60þ118þ99þReceipts under the Right to Information Act, 2005 F¶ ioÀjI¯nembncn¡Ww (2) Zmcn{Zy tcJbv¡v XmsgbpÅhÀ¡v kuP\yambn hnhcw \ÂIpI, kz´ambn ]Ww sNehgn¡m³ A[nImcanÃm¯ Hm^okpIfn \n¶pw hnhcw \ÂtI­n hcnI F¶o Ahkc§fn CXntebv¡mbn sNehm¡p¶ XpI AXXv Hm^oknsâ '05þ4 Hm^okv sNehpIÄ''/ ""aän\§Ä'', '34þ aäp sNehpIÄ'' F¶o D]ioÀjI§fn \n¶pw hln¡mhp¶XmWv. IqSmsX hnhcmhImi \nba{]Imcw At]£I³ AS¨ XpI XncnsI \ÂtI­ kmlNcyap­mbm 0070þ60þ900þ99 F¶ {Sjdn ioÀjI¯n \n¶pw Ipdhp sNbvXv XpI A\phZn¡mhp¶XpamWv.

****


A²ymbwþ25

tkh\mhImi \nbaw 284. Dt±iy e£y§Äþ tkh\§Ä kab_ÔnXambpw IrXyXtbmsSbpw e`yam¡p¶psh¶v Dd¸v hcp¯p¶Xntebv¡mbn kwØm\ kÀ¡mÀ 2012 \hw_À H¶mw XobXn {]m_ey¯n tIcf kwØm\¯v tkh\mhImi \nbaw \S¸n hcp¯pIbp­mbn. Cu \nba {]Imcw Hmtcm hIp¸pIfpw Øm]\§fpw hnÚm]\w sNbvXn«pÅ tkh\§Ä s]mXpP\§Ä¡v \nÝnX kab]cn[nbv¡pÅn e`yam¡pI F¶XmWv Cu \nba¯nsâ Dt±iyw 285. tkh\w F¶mÂþ kÀ¡mÀ hIp¸pIÄ, Xt±i kzbw`cW Øm]\§Ä, s]mXptaJem Øm]\§Ä, aäp \nbam[njvTnX Øm]\§Ä F¶nh Cu \nba{]Imcw hnÚm]\w sNbvXn«pÅ tkh\§sfbmWv 2 Pn hIp¸v {]Imcw tkh\w F¶À°am¡p¶Xv. \nba¯nse 2 F^v hIp¸v {]Imcw, Cu \nba{]ImcapÅ hnÚm]\¯n {]Xn]mZn¨n«pÅ GsXmcp tkh\hpw \nÝnX kab ]cn[nbv¡pÅn e`n¡pI F¶Xv AÀl\mb Hcp At]£Isâ AhImiamWv 286. At]£þ (1) tkh\mhImi \nba{]Imcw hnÚm]\w sN¿s¸« tkh\§Ä e`n¡p¶Xv B tkh\§Ä e`n¡phm³ AÀlXbpÅ At]£I\v am{XamWv. AXmbXv Hcp tkh\w e`n¡m³ \nehnse \nba§Ä {]Imcw GsXÃmw am\ZÞ§Ä Asæn \S]Sn{Ia§Ä ]ment¡­Xpt­m AhsbÃmw Cu \nba{]ImcapÅ At]£Ifnepw _m[IamWv. (2) Cu \nbaw \nehn h¶Xn\ptijw tkh\mhImi \nba¯n DÄs¸«n«pÅ tkh\§Ä¡mbn kaÀ¸n¡s¸Sp¶ At]£IÄ FÃmw Xs¶ tkh\mhImi \nba {]ImcapÅ At]£IfmbmWv ]cnKWn¡s¸SpI. At]£Ifnsem¶pw Xs¶ ""tkh\mhImi \nba {]ImcapÅXv'' F¶p tcJs¸Spt¯­XnÃm¯XmWv. Hm^okn e`n¡p¶ At]£IÄ hnÚm]\w 181


sNbv X n«pÅ tkh\§fn DÄs¸«n«pÅ ]£w tkh\mhImi \nba {]ImcapÅ am\ZÞ§Ä ]men¨v \nÝnX kab]cn[nbv¡pÅn tkh\w e`yam¡m³ \nbp à D tZ ymKس _ m²yØ\mWv . hnÚm] \w sN¿s¸«n«pÅ tkh\§Ä kab_ÔnXambn e`yam¡pI F¶Xv AhImiam¡pIbmWv tkh\mhImi \nbaw \S¸nem¡pI hgnbp­mb amäw. CXmIs« tkh\§Ä e`yam¡p¶Xn\v \nehnep­mbncp¶ \S]Sn{Ia§fn bmsXmcp amä§Ä¡pw CSbm¡nbn«nÃm¯XpamWv. 287. \nbpà DtZymKسþ (1) \nÝnX kab]cn[nbv¡pÅn tkh\§Ä e `yam¡p ¶Xn\mb n Hmtc m Hm^o knep w hnÚm]\ {]Imc w NpaXes¸Sp¯nbn«pÅ DtZymKØs\bmWv \nbpà DtZymKس F¶p hnfn¡p¶Xv. \nÝnX kab]cn[nbv¡pÅn tkh\w e`yamt¡­Xnsâ ]qÀ®amb NpaXe \nbpà DtZymKØ\p­mbncn¡pw. (2) tkh\§Ä e`yam¡p¶Xntebv¡mbn kaÀ¸n¡s¸Sp¶ At]£IÄ \nbpà DtZymKØt\m At±lw \nba]cambn NpaXes¸Sp¯p¶ aäv DtZymKØtcm ssI¸tä­Xpw At]£ e`n¨mepS³ NphsS tNÀ¡p¶ amXrIbnepÅ ssI¸äv ckoXv \ÂIpIbpw sNt¿­XmWv . tkh\w e`yam¡p¶Xn\v \nehnepÅ am\ZÞ§fpw hyhØIfpw ]men¨n«nsæntem Bhiyamb tcJIÄ kaÀ¸n¨n«nsæntem B hnhcw ssI¸äv ckoXn tcJs¸Sp¯n \ÂInbncn¡Ww

^mdw \¼Àþ1 (2012 se tIcf kwØm\ tkh\mhImi N«§fnse 4þmw N«w ImWpI)

ssI¸äv No«v Abbv¡p¶ BÄ (\nbpà DtZymKس/ A[nImcs¸Sp¯s¸« DtZymKس) ....................................... ....................................... Int«­ BÄ ..................................... ..................................... kÀ, hnjbw:þ

2012 se tIcf kwØm\ tkh\mhImi \nbawþAt]£bpsS


ssI¸äÂþkw_Ôn¨v. kqN\:þ \n§fpsS ..................mw XobXnbnse At]£. ********** kq N\bn ]c maÀin¨n« pÅ \n§fp sS At] £ ssI¸änbXmbn Rm³ CXn\m Adnbn¡p¶p. At]£bnse Xmsg ]dbp¶ \yq\XIÄ ASnb´ncambn ]cnlcnt¡­XmWv. (\yq\XIÄ Fs´¦nepw Ds­¦n {]tXyIw ]dbpI) 1) 2) hnizkvXXtbmsS

kYew: XobXn:

(\nbpà DtZymKس/ A[nImcs¸Sp¯s¸« DtZymKس) (Hm^okv ap{Z)

288. t\m«okv t_mÀUn hnhc§Ä {]ZÀin¸n¡Âþ (1) tkh\mhImi \nba {]Imcw hnÚm]\w sNbvXn«pÅ tkh\§Ä, \nÝnX kab]cn[n, tkh\w e`n¡p¶Xn\v At]£tbmsSm¸w kaÀ¸nt¡­ tcJIÄ, tkh\w e`yam¡m³ NpaXebpÅ \nbpà DtZymKس, H¶mw A¸o A[nImcn F¶nhsc kw_Ôn¨ hnhc§fpw tkh\mhImi \nba{]ImcapÅ t^md§fpsS amXrIIfpw FÃm Hm^okpIfnepw s]mXpP\§Ä¡v ImWm³ Ignbp¶ hn[¯n \nÀ_Ôambpw {]ZÀin¸nt¡­XmWv. (2) t\m«okn {]ZÀin¸n¨n«nÃm¯Xmb am\ZÞ§tfm hyhØItfm GÀs¸Sp¯p¶Xnt\m t\m«okn {]Xn]mZn¨n«nÃm¯Xmb tcJIÄ Bhiys¸Smt\m \nbpà DtZymKØ\v A[nImcanÃm¯XmWv. 289. At]£Ifnt·epÅ \S]SnIÄ-þ (1) At]£bnt·Â tkh\w e`n¡m³ At]£I\v AÀlXbps­¦n hnÚm]\ {]Imcw {]kvXpX tkh\¯n\v A\phZn¨ncn¡p¶ kab]cn[nbv ¡ pÅn tkh\w e`yamt¡­XmWv . tkh\¯n\v AÀlXbnà F¶v v \nbpà DtZymKØ\v t_m²yapÅ Ahkc§fn BbXn\pÅ ImcWw tcJs¸Sp¯ns¡m­v \nÝnX kab]cn[nbv¡pÅn hnhcw tcJmaqew At]£Is\ Adnbn¨ncn¡Ww. (2) At]£Ifn \yq\XIÄ DÅ ]£tam \nÝnX tcJIÄ lmPcm¡nbn«nÃm¯t¸mtgm BbXnsâ hnhc§Ä \nbpà DtZymKس 183


ssI¸äp ckoXn Xs¶ tcJs¸Sp¯n \ÂtI­XmWv . CtX XpSÀ¶v At]£I³ tcJIÄ lmPcm¡p¶ XobXn apX am{Xta kab]cn[n Bcw`n¡pIbpÅq. (3) tkh\§Ä \ÂIp¶ Xn\p Å \nÝ nX kab ]c n[n IW¡m¡p¶Xn \n¶pw s]mXp Ah[n Zn\§Ä Hgnhm¡p¶XmWv. 290. A¸oepIÄþ (1) \nÝnX kab] cn[nbv¡p Ån tkh\w e`yaÃmXncn¡pItbm Asæn At]£ \nckn¡s¸SpItbm sN¿p¶ Ahkc§fn At]£I\v H¶mw A¸oe[nImcn ap¼msI A¸o t_m[n¸n¡mhp¶XmWv. At]£ \nckn¨ XobXn apX AYhm tkh\w e`nt¡­ kab]cn[n Ahkm\n¡p¶ XobXn apX 30 Znhk¯n\IamWv A¸o kaÀ¸n¡mhp¶Xv. F¶m aXnbmb ImcWaps­¶v A¸oe[nImcn¡v t_m²ys¸Sp¶ ]£w 30 Znhkw Ignªp kaÀ¸n¡s¸Sp¶ A¸oepIfpw kzoIcn¡p¶XmWv. A¸oepIÄ kaÀ¸n¡p¶tXmsSm¸w ^okpIÄ H¶pw Xs¶ \njv¡Àjn¨n«nÃm¯XmWv. (2) H¶ mw A¸o e[nImc nb psS Xo cp am\¯ n At] £I³ Xr ]vX\sà ¦nte m \nÝnX kab] cn[nbv¡Iw H¶ mw A¸o  XoÀ¸m¡mXncn¡pt¼mtgm At]£I\v c­mw A¸oe[nImcn ka£w A¸o kaÀ ¸n¡mhp ¶XmWv. H¶ mw A¸o  Xo À¸ mt¡­ kab ]c n[n Ahkm\n¡p¶ XobXn apXtem H¶mw A¸o Xocpam\¯nsâ XobXn apXtem 60 Znhk¯n\Iw c­mw A¸o kaÀ¸n¡mhp¶XmWv. F¶m aXnbmb ImcWaps­¶v A¸oe[nImcn¡v t_m²ys¸Sp¶ ]£w 60 Znhk¯n\p tijw kaÀ¸n¡p¶ A¸ oep Ifp w kzoIcn¡mhp ¶XmWv . c ­mw A¸ o kaÀ¸n¡p¶Xn\pw ^okpIsfm¶pw Xs¶ \njv¡Àjn¨n«nÃm¯XmWv. (3) H¶mw A¸oe[nImcnbpsStbm c­mw A¸oe[nImcnbpsStbm A¸o XoÀ¸p I¸n¨psIm­pÅ \nÀt±i§Ä A\pkcn¡m³ \nbpà DtZymKس _m[yØ\mWv. bpànklaÃmsX tkh\w e`yam¡p¶Xn hogvN hcp¯pItbm bYmkabw tkh\w \ÂImXncn¡pItbm sN¿p¶ DtZymKØs\Xnsc ]ng Npa¯p¶Xn\pw kÀÆokv N«§Ä {]Imcw A¨S¡ \S]SnIÄ ssIs¡mÅm³ ip]mÀi sN¿p¶Xn\pw c­mw A¸o A[nImcn¡v A[nImcap­v. 291. tkh\mhImi \nba {]Imcw hntÃPv Hm^okn \n¶pw e`yamIp¶ tkh\ hnhc§Äþ

\w.

tkh\§fpsS kab]cn[n \nbpà H¶mw c­mw hnhcw DtZymKس A¸oe[nImcn A¸oe[nImcn


1.

2.

hcpam\ kÀ«n^n¡äv

6 Znhk¯n\Iw

PmXn kwibanÃm¯ kÀ«n^n¡äv tIkpIfn 3 (SC/ST HgnsI) Znhk¯n\Iw

hntÃPv Hm^okÀ

XlknÂZmÀ

dh\yq UnhnjWÂ Hm^okÀ

3 Znhk¯n\Iw

5. ssIhimhImi kÀ«n^n¡äv

7 Znhk¯n\Iw

6.

dntej³jn¸v kÀ«n^n¡äv

7 Znhk¯n\Iw

^manen sa¼Àjn¸v kÀ«n^n¡äv

6 Znhk¯n\Iw

3.

4.

7.

hmtezj³ kÀ«n^n¡äv (5 e£w cq. hsc) dknU³jy kÀ«n^n¡äv

8. tkmÄh³kn kÀ«n^n¡äv (5e£w cq.hsc)

15 Znhk¯n\Iw

15 Znhk¯n\Iw

9. F) sUmanssk 3 kÀ«n^n¡äv Znhk¯n\Iw _n) t\änhnän 5 kÀ«n^n¡äv Znhk¯n\Iw 10. Xncn¨dnb kÀ«n^n¡äv 11.

12.

13.

5 Znhk¯n\Iw

hn[h kÀ«n^n¡äv

5 Znhk¯n\Iw

t\m¬ do amtcyPv kÀ«n^n¡äv

5 Znhk¯n\Iw

sse^v kÀ«n^n¡äv

5 Znhk¯n\Iw

185


14.

15.

16.

17.

18.

19.

20.

h¬ & skbnw kÀ«n^n¡äv t\m¬ {IoansebÀ kÀ«n^n¡äv

5 Znhk¯n\Iw

7 Znhk¯n\Iw

7 Znhk¯n\Iw

s]mkj³ & t\m¬ Aäm¨vsaâ v kÀ«n^n¡äv semt¡j³ kÀ«n^n¡äv

7 Znhk¯n\Iw

t]m¡phchv (k_v Unhnj³ CÃm¯h)

\nba XSktam kmt¦XnI XSktam Csæn 40 Znhk¯n\Iw

AKXn kÀ«n^n¡äv B{inX kÀ«n^n¡äv

5 Znhk¯n\Iw

5 Znhk¯n\Iw

****


`mKwþ VI

hntÃPv cPnÌdpIfpw A¡u­pIfpw ]cntim[\bpw

187


A²ymbwþ26

cPnÌdpIfpw A¡u­pIfpw 292. `q`cW kw_Ôamb {]mcw` tPmenIÄ hntÃPv Xe¯nemWv Bcw`n¡p¶Xv. AXn\m Xs¶ dh\yq `cWs¯bpw `q\nIpXnbn\¯nepÅ apXens\bpw kw_Ôn¡p¶ FÃm cPnÌdpIfpw A¡u­pIfpw X¿mdm¡n kq£nt¡­Xv hntÃPv Hm^oknemWv. cPnÌdpIsf Øncw cPnÌÀ XmÂImenI cPnÌÀ F¶n§s\ c­mbn Xncn¨ncn¡p¶p. Øncw cPnÌdpIÄ, Xm¡menI cPnÌdpIÄ, A¡u­pIÄ F¶nh kw_Ôn¨ hniZhnhc§Ä amXrIIÄ klnXw NphsS tNÀ¡p¶p.

(F) Øncw cPnÌdpIÄ 293. skänÂsaâ v cPnÌÀ-þ (1) d- h\yq `cW¯nse Øncw cPnÌdpIfn Gähpw {][m\s¸«Xv skänÂsaâ v cPnÌÀ BIp¶p. dh\yq skänÂsaâ v ImeL«¯n skänÂsaâ v hIp¸v X¿mdm¡n dh\yq `cW¯n\v ssIamdnb {]kvXpX cPnÌdn \nIpXn Npa¯nbpw AÃm¯Xpamb FÃm hkvXp¡fpsSbpw kÀth \¼À, C\w, Xcw, hnkvXoÀ®w, `qanbpsS Icw ASnØm\s¸Sp¯nbpÅ \nIpXn \nc¡v F¶o hnhc§Ä tcJs¸Sp¯nbncn¡p¶p. hntÃPv cPnÌdpIfpsSbpw A¡u­pIfpsSbpw ASnØm\ cPnÌdmb skänÂsaâ v cPnÌÀ AS¦Â, F cPnÌÀ F¶o t]cpIfnepw Adnbs¸Sp¶p. `qanbpsS C\w, Xcw F¶nh kw_Ôn¨ B[nImcnI {KÙw F¶ \nebn FÃm¡mehpw Øncambn kq£nt¡­ cPnÌdmIp¶p skänÂsaâ v cPnÌÀ AYhm F cPnÌÀ. skänÂsaâ v ImeL«¯n kÀhth sNbvXn«nÃm¯ `qanIsf ]n¡me¯v kÀtÆ sN¿pt¼mÄ A{]Imcw kÀtÆ sNbv X `qanbpsS hnhc§Ä DÄs¡mÅn¡p¶Xn\mbn skänÂsaâ v cPnÌÀ AYhm ‘F’ cPnÌÀ, skänÂsaâ v ImeL«¯n kÀtÆ sNbvXn«nÃm¯ `qanIsf ]nÂIme¯v


kÀtÆ sN¿pt¼mÄ A{]Imcw kÀtÆ sNbv X `qanbpsS hnhc§Ä DÄs¡mÅn¡p¶Xn\mbn skänÂsaâ v cPnÌdnsâ H¶mw A\p_Ôambn Hcp cPnÌdpw skänÂsaâ n\p tijw `qanbnep­mIp¶ Øncw amä§Ä tcJs¸Sp¯p¶Xn\mbn skänÂsaâ v cPnÌdnsâ c­mw A\p_Ôsa¶ asämcp cPnÌdpw hntÃPv Hm^okpIfn kq£n¨p hcp¶p. skänÂsaâ v Ime¯v kÀth sNbv X n«nÃm¯Xpw AXn\p tijw kÀth sNbv X {]tXyI hyhØbn³tatem hntijm N«§f\pkcnt¨m ]Xn¨p sImSp¯n«pÅXpamb `qanIfpsS hnhc§fmWv skänÂsaâ v cPnÌdnsâ H¶mw A\p_Ô¯n DÄs¸Spt¯­Xv. Htcm kÀth \¼dnepw k_vUnhnj\nepw DÄs¸«n«pÅ `qan¡v skänÂsaâ n\p tijw D ­mIp ¶ Øncw amä §Ä c ­mw A\p_Ô¯nemWv tNÀt¡­Xv. AXmbXv skänÂsaâ v cPnÌÀ IqSmsX H¶mw A\p_Ô¯nse `qanIÄ¡v ]n¶oSp­mIp¶ amä§fpsS hnhc§fpw c­mw A\p_Ô¯n DÄs¸Spt¯­XmWv. A{]Imcw tNÀ¯ hnhc¯n\v skänÂsaâ v cPnÌdnse dnamÀ¡v tImf¯n c­mw A\p_Ô¯nse {Ia \¼À tcJs¸Spt¯­XpamWv. C{]Imcw H¶mw A\p_Ô cPnÌÀ, c­mw A\p_Ô cPnÌÀ F¶nhbn amä§Ä¡\pkcWambn tcJs¸Sp¯epIÄ hcpt¯­Xv hntÃPv AknÌânsâ/ kv s ]jy hntÃPv Hm^okcpsS ISabmIp¶p. 294. ASnØm\ `q\nIpXn cPnÌÀ-þ (1) Hcp hntÃPneÅ FÃm kÀ¡mÀ hI `qanIepsSbpw ]Xnhp `qanIfpsSbpw kÀth \¼À {Ia¯nepÅ hnhc§Ä ImWn¡p¶ Øncw cPnÌdmWv ASnØm\ `q\nIpXn cPnÌÀ (Basic Tax Register) Cu cPnÌdn kÀtÆ \¼À {Ia¯nepÅ `qanbpsS Xcw, hnkvXoÀ®w, ASnØm\ `q\nIpXn, `q DSabpsS t]cv, X­t¸À \¼À F¶o hnhc§fmWv tNÀ¡p¶Xv . Hmtcm kÀtÆ \¼cnepÅ hnhc§Ä {Iam\pKXambn tcJs¸Sp¯nbncn¡p¶Xn\m {]kvXpX cPnÌdn \n¶pw Hcp \nÀ±nã kÀtÆ \¼cnepÅ `qanbpsS hnhc§Ä a\knem¡p¶Xn\v hfsc Ffp¸amWv . skänÂsaâ v cPnÌÀ t]mse Xs¶ Øncambn kq£nt¡­ cPnÌdmWv ASnØm\ `q\nIpXn cPnÌdpw. (2) dokÀtÆsb XpSÀ¶v X¿mdm¡nbn«pÅ ASnØm\ `q\nIpXn cPnÌdn DÄs¸« `qanIÄ¡v dokÀsÆbv¡v tijw Øncambn amäap­mIp¶psh¦n A¯cw amä§Ä ASnØm\ `q\nIpXn cPnÌdnsâ A\p_Ôambn kq£n¡p¶ k¹nsaâ v cPnÌdpIfn tcJs¸Spt¯­Xv hntÃPv AknÌânsâ/ kvs]jy hntÃPv Hm^okdpsS ISabmIp¶p. (3) `qan ]Xnhv, t]m¡phchv, `qan s]m¶pw hnebv¡v FSp¡Â, `qan hns«mgnbÂ, A\yw \nÂ]v F¶n§s\bpÅ ImcW§fm skänÂsaân\p tijw `qanbpsS hnkvXoÀ®¯nt\m, `q\nIpXnt¡m D­mIp¶ FÃm amä§fpw A\p_Ô cPnÌdmb ‘_n’ cPnÌdnemWv tNÀt¡­XmWv. ‘_n’cPnÌdnse tcJs¸Sp¯epIÄ XpSÀ¨bmbpÅXpw {Ia \¼À Ie­À hÀj {Ia¯ntem 189


AÃmsXtbm Ahkm\n¸n¡m³ ]mSnÃm¯XpamIp¶p. F¶m k_v Unhnj³ BhiyanÃm¯Xpw `qanbpsS hnkv X oÀ®¯nt\m \nIpXnt¡m amäw kw`hn¡m¯Xpamb t]m¡phchv tIkpIÄ c­mw A\p_Ô¯n tXÀt¡­XnÃm¯XmWv. c­mw A\p_Ô¯n tNÀ¡p¶ Hmtcm C\¯n\pw t\À¡v dnamÀ¡v tImf¯n D¯chp \¼dpw XobXnbpw amä¯nsâ kz`mhhpw (AXmbXv `qan ]Xnhv, t]m¡phchv F¶n§s\) tcJs¸Spt¯­XmWv. Hcp ]pdt¼m¡nsâ Hcwiw k_vUnhnj³ sNbvXv ]Xn¨p sImSp¡pt¼mtgm \nIpXn Npa¯nb `qanbpsS Hcp `mKw k_vUnsshUv sNbvXv t]m¡phchv sN¿pt¼mtgm A{]Imcw ]Xn¨p sImSp¯tXm t]m¡phchv sNbvXtXm Bb k_v Unhnj³ am{Xta c­mw A\p_Ô¯n tNÀ¡mhq. ]Xn¨p sImSp¡m¯tXm t]m¡phchv sN¿m¯tXm Bb Awiw c­mw A\p_Ô¯n tNÀ¡m³ ]mSpÅXÃ. IStem Imbtem tXmtSm Ibdn hkvXp Øncambn \ãs¸Sp¶Xp sImt­m GsX¦nepw ImcWhim ]pXpXmbn `qan cq]w sImÅp¶Xp sImt­m `qanbpsS sam¯w hnkvXoÀ®¯nt\m `q\nIpXnt¡m Fs´¦nepw amäw kw`hn¨m {]kvXpX amä§Ä kw_Ôn¨ hnhchpw skänÂsaâ v cPnÌdnsâ c­mw A\p_Ô¯n DÄs¸Spt¯­XmWv. 295. Øncw cPnÌdpIen amäw hcp¯m³ ]mSnsöv -þ `qanbnep­mIp¶ amä§Ä¡\pkcWambn Øncw cPnÌdpIfmb skänÂsaâ v cPnÌdntem ASnØm\ `q\nIpXn cPnÌdntem bmsXmcp amä§fpw tcJs¸Sp¯m³ ]mSnÃm¯XmWv. C¯cw amä§Ä A\p_Ô cPnkv{ddpIfn am{XamWv tcJs¸Spt¯­Xv . amä§fp­mIp¶ ]£w skänÂsaâ v cPnÌdns\ kw_Ôn¨v c­mw A\p_Ô cPnÌdnsebpw ASnØm\ `q\nIpXn cPnÌdns\ kw_Ôn¨v _n cPnÌdnsebpw {Ia \¼dpIÄ skänÂsaâ v cPnÌdnsetbm ASnØm\ `q\nIpXn cPnÌdnsetbm _Ôs¸« kÀth/ k_v Unhnj³ \¼dn\p t\scbpÅ dnamÀ¡v tImf¯n tcJs¸Sp¯pIbmWv th­Xv.

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(_n) Xm¡menI cPnÌdpIÄ 296. H¶mw \¼À cPnÌÀþ (1) skänÂsaâ v cPnÌdpw ASnØm\ `q\nIpXn cPnÌdpw {]ImcapÅ ]pdt¼m¡pw AÃm¯Xpambn FÃm kÀ¡mÀ hI `qanIfpsSbpw hnhc§Ä DÄs¡mÅp¶ cPnÌdmWv H¶mw \¼À cPnÌÀ AYhm


kÀ¡mÀ hI `qanIsf kw_Ôn¡p¶ cPnÌÀ. CXv c­v `mK§fmbmWv X¿mdm¡n kq£ nt¡­Xv. H¶ mw `K¯ n ] pd t¼m¡p `q anIsf kw_Ôn¨pÅXpw c­mw `mK¯n Xcnip `qanIfpsS hnhc§fpamWv tNÀt¡­Xv. kÀth \¼À {I¯nemWv. Cu cPnÌÀ FgpXn X¿mdmt¡­Xv. kÀ¡mÀ `qan ]Xn¨p \ÂIp¶Xp \nan¯tam aäp ImcW§fmtbm kÀ¡mÀ hI `qanbnep­mIp¶ Ipdhpw s]m¶pwhne \S]SnIfneqsS `qan kÀ¡mcnte¡v GsäSp¡p¶Xp \nan¯tam aäp ImcW§fmtbm kÀ¡mÀ hI `qanIfpsS hnkvXoÀ®¯nep­mIp¶ IqSpXepw bYmkabw cPnÌdn ]Xnt¡­XmWv. Iqdhp­mIp¶ ]£w Hmtcm¶nsâbpw \¼cn\p t\À¡v dnamÀ¡v tImf¯n ]Xn¡pIbpw IqSpX D­mIp¶psh¦n Ah ]gb \¼cpIÄ¡v XpSÀ¨bmbn ]pXnb {Ia \¼À tNÀ¯ v FgpXnt¨À¡p Ibpw thWw. C {]Imcw hnkv X oÀ®¯nep­mIp¶ IqSpX cPnÌdn tNÀ¡pt¼mÄ dokÀtÆ Ignªn«pÅ ]£w _n \¼cpw (_n cPnÌdnse tcJs¸Sp¯ensâ {Ia \¼À) AÃm¯ ]£w _Ôs¸« D¯chnsâ \¼cpw XobXnbpw H¶mw \¼À cPnÌdnsâ dnamÀ¡v tImf¯n tcJs¸Spt¯­XmWv. Hmtcm hÀjmhkm\hpw ap³ sImÃs¯ IW¡p {]ImcapÅ hnkvXoÀ®hpw X³hÀj¯nep­mIp¶ IqSpX Ipdhnsâ hnkvXoÀ®hpw FSps¯gptX­Xpw hÀjmhkm\w _m¡n \n¡p¶ ]pdt¼m¡pIfpsSbpw XcnipIfpsSbpw sam¯w hnkvX oÀ®w F{Xsb¶p ImWn¡p¶ kw{Klw tNÀt¡­XpamWv. (2) H¶mw \¼À cPnÌÀ Hcp ]pkvXI {Ia¯n X¿mdm¡n XpSÀ¨bmbn A©p sImÃw hsc D]tbmKn¡mhp¶Xmav. hÀjw tXmdpw D­mIp¶ amä§Ä bYmkabw tcJs¸Sp¯p¶Xn\pw hÀjm´y IW¡v Xn«s¸Sp¯p¶Xn\p th­n Hmtcm hÀjmhkm\hpw kw{Klw X¿mdm¡p¶Xn\pw hogvN hcp¯m³ ]mSpÅXÃ. A©p hÀjw Ignªv cPnÌÀ amän FgpXpt¼mÄ kÀth \¼cnIfpsSbpw k_v Unhn,\pIfpsSbpw {Ia¯n Ahsb icnbmbn FgptXavSXpw \mfXp hscbpfve FÃm amä§fpw DÄs¸Spt¯­XpamWv. 297. H¶v ‘F’ \¼À cPnÌÀ (kwØm\¯n\p ]pd¯pÅ kÀ¡mÀ hI hkvXp¡fpsS cPnÌÀ)þ aäp kwØm\§fntem tI{µ `cW{]tZi§fntem ØnXn sN¿p¶Xpw kwØm\ kÀ¡mcnsâ A[o\XbnepÅXpamb `qanIsf kw_Ôn¡p¶ cPnÌdmWnXv. Cu cPnÌÀ FÃm hntÃPpIfnepw h¨p t]mtc­nXnÃ. kwØm\¯n\p ]pd¯pÅ `qanIfpsS `cW¨paXe GXp hntÃPnemtWm \n£n]vXam¡nbn«pÅXv, A¯cw hntÃPpIfn am{Xta C{]ImcapÅ cPnÌÀ kq£nt¡­XpÅq. DZmlcWambn \yqUÂlnbnse tIcfm lukv ØnXn sN¿p¶ Øew kw_Ôn¨ hnhc§Ä Xncph\´]pcw Xmeq¡nse h©nbqÀ hntÃPn kq£n¨n«pÅ cPnÌdnepw Xangv\mSv sNt¦m« Xmeq¡nse Ipämew sIm«mcw ØnXn sN¿p¶ `qanbpsS hnhc§Ä sImÃw PnÃbnse ]¯\m]pcw Xmeq¡nse Bcy¦mhv hntÃPn kq£n¡p¶ cPnÌdnepw DÄs¸Spt¯­XmWv. 191


298. c­mw \¼À cPnÌÀþ dh\yq hIp¸nsâ A[o\XbnepÅ `qanIfnse hr£hnhc§Ä tcJs¸Sp¯n kq£n¡p¶ cPnÌdmWnXv. dh\yq hIp¸nsâ t\cn«pÅ \nb{´W¯nepw ssIhi¯nepapÅ kÀ¡mÀ hI `qanIfnse FÃmbn\w hr£§fpsSbpw C\w, Npäph®w, \ofw, AfhpIÄ tiJcn¨ XobXn F¶o hnhc§Ä Cu cPnÌdn tcJs¸Sp¯n kq£nt¡­XmWv. {]kvXpX hr£ §Ä hntÃP v AknÌ tâm kvs] jy hntà Pv H m^oktd m Bdpamk¯nsemcn¡Â ]cntim[nt¡­Xpw ]cntim[n¨ hnhcw XobXn klnXw cPnÌdn tcJs¸Spt¯­XpamWv. Cu cPnÌÀ 5 hÀjw IqSpt¼mÄ amäsbgptX­Xpw amänsbgpXp¶ Ahkc¯n hr£§fpsS Afhp hnhc§Ä \mfXoIcnt¡­XpamWv. 299. aq¶mw \¼À cPnÌÀ (tXm«hnf cPnÌÀ)þ hntÃPnse tXm«hnfIfpsS hn hc §Ä ImWn¡p¶ Xp w tXm« \nIpXn Np a¯ p¶ Xn\p th­n D]tbmKs¸Sp¯mhp¶Xpamb cPnÌdmWnXv. hntÃPv ]cn[nbnepÅ FÃm tXm«hnfIsfbpw kw_Ôn¨ hnhc§Ä Cu cPnÌdn tNÀ¡pIbpw Hmtcm km¼¯nI hÀjw Ahkm\n¸n¡pt¼mgpw tXm«`qanIÄ ]cntim[n¨v cPnÌÀ ]pXp¡n FgpXpIbpw sN¿Ww. 300. \memw \¼À cPnÌÀþ (t]m¡p hchv tIkpIfpsS cPnÌÀ)þ cPntÌÀUv `qanIfpsS ssIamä§fpambn _Ôs¸« t]m¡phchv hnhc§Ä tcJs¸Sp¯n kq£n¡p¶ Cu cPnÌdn\v c­v `mK§fp­v H¶mw `mK¯n t]m¡phchn\mbn hntÃPn e`n¨ At]£IfpsS hnhc§fpw c­mw `mK¯n XlkoÂZmÀ¡v kaÀ¸n¡p¶ dnt¸mÀ«nsâ hnhc§fpw tcJs¸Sp¯Ww. 301. A©mw \¼À cPnÌÀþ hntÃPv ]cn[nbnse ]Xn¨p sImSp¡mhp¶ `qanIfpsS hnhc§Ä tcJs¸Sp¯n kq£n¡p¶ cPnÌdmWnXv. PnÃm IfÎÀ ]pXpXmbn AwKoIcn¨p hcp¶ ]Xnhp enÌv {]ImcapÅ `qanbpsS hnhc§Ä bYmkabw Cu cPnÌdn Iq«nt¨À¡pIIbpw ]Xn¨p \ÂInb `qanIfpsS hnkvXoÀ®w \nÀ±nã tImf¯n tcJs¸Sp¯pIbpw sN¿Ww. 302. Bdmw \¼À cPnÌÀþ (]Xnhv At]£m cPnÌÀ)þ `qan ]Xn¨p In«p¶Xn\pÅ dnt¸mÀ«n\mbn e`n¨ At]£IfpsS hnhc§Ä ImWn¡p¶ cPnÌdmWnXv. 303. G gm w \¼À cPnÌ À (c mPIob hr £§fpsS bpw ]Xnhp \n_Ô\IfpsSbpw cPnÌÀ)þ `qan ]Xn¨p \ÂIpt¼mÄ GÀs¸Sp¯nbn«pÅ {]tXyI hyhØIfpsSbpw kÀ¡mcnte¡v AhImiw \ne\nÀ¯nbn«pÅ sjUyqÄUv hr£§Ä, dnkÀhv hr£§Ä F¶nhbpsSbpw hnhc§Ä tNÀ¡p¶ cPnÌÀ. ]«b hyhØ ewLn¡p¶pt­msb¶pw cmPIob hr£§Ä kwc£n¡s¸Sp¶pt­m F¶Xp kw_Ôn¨pw B\pImenI ]cntim[\ \S¯m³ hntÃPv DtZymKØÀ _m[yØcmWv.


304. F«mw \¼À cPnÌÀ (t_m«vþC³þem³Uv cPnÌÀ)þ dh\yq dn¡hdn \nba {]Imcw kÀ¡mcnte¡v hnehm§n ]pdt¼m¡n DÄs¸Sp¯p¶ `qanIfpsS hnhc§Ä tcJs¸Sp¯p¶ cPnÌdmWnXv. X­t¸À A¡u­v, ]pdt¼m¡v cPnÌÀ F¶nhbnepw Bhiyamb amä§Ä tcJs¸Sp¯Ww. 305. H³]Xmw \¼À cPnÌÀ (kÀ¡mcnte¡v hns«mgnª `qanIfpsS cPnÌÀ)þ kÀ¡mcne¡v `qan hns«mgnªXmb dh\yq UnhnjW Hm^okdpsS D¯chv e`n¡p¶ apdbv¡v Cu cPnÌÀ FgpXn X¿mdmt¡­Xpw X­t¸À A¡u­v kÀ¡mÀ `qanbpsS cPnÌÀ F¶nhbn th­ amä§Ä tcJs¸Spt¯­XpamWv. 306. ]¯mw \¼À cPnÌÀ (kÀ¡mcnte¡v s]m¶pwhnebv s ¡Sp¯ `qanIfpsS cPnÌÀ)þ `qan GsäSp¡Â \nba {]Imcw s]m¶pwhne \S]SIfneqsS GsäSp¯v ]pdt¼m¡nte¡v amänbn«pÅ `qanIfpsS hnhc§Ä Cu cPnÌdn tcJs¸Sp¯n kq£n¡p¶p. 307. ]Xns\m¶mw \¼À cPnÌÀ (HutZymKnI I¯nS]mSv cPnÌÀ)þ hntÃPn e`n¡p¶Xpw ]pdt¯¡bbv ¡ p¶Xpamb FÃm I¯nS]mSpIfpsSbpw hnhc§Ä Cu cPnÌdn tcJs¸Spt¯­XmWv. 308. ]{´­mw \¼À cPnÌÀ (kÀ«n^n¡äv cPnÌÀ)þ hntÃPv Hm^okn \n¶pw A\phZn¡p¶ FÃm hn[ kÀ«n^n¡äpIfpsSbpw hnhc§Ä tcJs¸Sp¯n kq£n¡p¶ cPnÌÀ 309. ]Xnaq¶mw \¼À cPnÌÀ (^ÀWn¨dpIfpsSbpw D]IcW§fpsSbpw tÌm¡v cPnÌÀ)þ kÀtÆ D]IcW§Ä, Cet{ÎmWnIv D]IcW§Ä, ^À ®n¨d pIÄ F¶ nhbp sS hnhc§Ä tc Js¸Sp¯ n kq £n¡p ¶ cPnÌdmWnXv. hÀj¯n Hcp {]mhiysa¦nepw tÌm¡v ]cntim[nt¡­Xpw GsX¦ne pw C \w \ãs¸« Xmbn I­m AXnsâ hne \ã¯n\p¯chmZnbmbhcn \n¶pw CuSm¡n JP\mhn HSpt¡­XmWv. 310. ]Xn\memw \¼À cPnÌÀ (ssIamdnb `qanIfpsS cPnÌÀ)þ tkh\ hIp¸pIÄ¡pw aäpw ssIamäw sN¿p¶ `qanIfpsS hnhc§Ä tcJs¸Sp¯n kq£nt¡­ cPnÌdmWnXv. kÀ¡mÀ D¯chv/ ]«bw e`n¡p¶ apdbv¡v cPnÌdn th­ tcJs¸Sp¯epIÄ hcpt¯­XmWv.

**** (kn) A¡u­pIÄ

296. H¶mw \¼À A¡u­v (IqSpX / Ipdhv A¡u­v)þ ASnØm\ 193


`q\nIpXnbnep­mIp¶ hÀ²\hns\tbm Ipdhns\tbm ImWn¡p¶ A¡u­mWnXv. CXv c­v `mK§fmbmWv X¿mdmt¡­Xv. H¶mw `mKw `qan\nIpXnbnep­mIp¶ hÀ²\hns\bpw c­mw `mKw ASnØm\ `q\nIpXnbnep­mIp¶ Ipdhns\bpw ImWn¡p¶p. `qan ]Xnhv, t]m¡phchv, kÀ¡mÀ D¯chv, tImÀ«v Un{In, dokÀthm sXäpXncp¯Â F¶o ImcW§fmepw aäp ImcW§fmepw `q\nIpXnbn D­mIp¶ hÀ²\, `qan s]m¶pw hnebvs¡Sp¡pI, `qan t_m«vþC³þem³Um¡pI, `qan hns«mgnbpI, `qan A\yw \n¡pI, IStem Imbtem, \Zntbm Ibdn hkvXp CÃmXmIpI F¶o C\§fnepÅ IpdhpIÄ XpS§nb hnhc§Ä AXmXv amk§fn Xs¶ A¡u­n tNÀt¡­XmWv. t]m¡p hc hv Awi¡c w C\¯n `q\nIpXnbnep­mIp¶ hÀ²\bpw Cu A¡u­nemWv tNÀt¡­Xv. Cu A¡u­n \new, ]pcbnSw, F¶ {Ia¯n amkm´y/hÀjm´y kwt£]hpw X¿mdm¡Ww. 297. c­mw \¼À A¡u­v (]«bamä IW¡v)þ t]cn ]Xnª hkvXphnsâ ØncmhImiw A\ym[o\s¸Sp¯pt¼mgpw X­t¸cpImc³ acWs¸Spt¼mgpw X­t¸cnse t]cv t`ZKXn sNt¿­ BhiyIX t\cnSp¶p. ssIamäw sNbvX hkvX p DÄs¸sS ssIamäw kn²n¨ BfpsS X­t¸cnepÅ ASnØm\ `q\nIpXn¡p hnt[bamb `qanbpsS BIw hnkvXoÀ®w, ssIamä¯n\p tijw ssIamäw sNbvX hyànbpsS X­t¸cn ASnØm\ `q\nIpXnbv¡p hnt[bamb _m¡n hkvXp¡fpsS hnkvXoÀ®w F¶o hnhc§Ä Cu A¡u­n \n¶pw e`n¡p¶p. H¶mw \¼À A¡u­v F¶nh X¿mdm¡p¶Xn\pÅ hnhc§Ä Cu A¡u­n \n¶pw e`n¡p¶p. 298. aq¶mw \¼À A¡u­v (`qkwc£W \nbaw A\pkcn¨pÅ dh\yq A¡u­v ) þ ]pdt¼mt¡m AÃm¯tXm Bb kÀ¡mÀ hI `qanbnse A\[nIrX {]thi\¡mcn \n¶pw CuSm¡p¶ ]ng XSnhne XpS§nb C\§fpsS apXepw ]ncnhpw ImWn¡p¶ A¡u­mWnXv. 299. \memw \¼À A¡u­v (`qan]Xnhv A¡u­v)þ kÀ¡mÀ hI `qan, ]Xnhv N«§f\pkcn¨v ]Xn¨p sImSp¡pt¼mÄ CuSmt¡­ Xdhne, XSnhne, UnamÀt¡j³ NmÀÖv, \nIpXn IpSnÈnI F¶o dh\yq C\§fpsS apX ]ncnhv Cu A¡u­n tcJs¸Sp¯n kq£n¡p¶p. 300. A©mw \¼À A¡u­v (]m« IW¡v)þ kÀ¡mÀ hI `qan ]m«¯n\v \ÂIpt¼mÄ `qanIÄ¡pw hr£§Ä¡pw Npa¯p¶ ]m«w, ssek³kv ^okv, {Ku­v sdâ v F¶o C\§fnepÅ apX ]ncnhv hnhc§Ä tcJs¸Sp¯p¶ A¡u­mWnXv . hr£§Ä am{XamWv ]m«w sImSp¯n«pÅsX¦n hnkv X oÀ®w F¶ tImfw ]qcn¸nt¡­XnÃ. \S¸nencn¡p¶ ]m«w Ahkm\n¡pItbm ZpÀ_es¸Sp¯pItbm sNbvXm ""Ahkm\n¨p'', ""]pXp¡n'' F¶n§s\ dnamÀ¡v tImf¯n tcJs¸Spt¯­XmWv.


301. Bdmw \¼À A¡u­v (]pXp¡pSnÈnI A¡u­v)þ `qan ]Xnhv, Bw_c \nIpXn F¶p XpS§nb tIkpIfn XpIIÄ CuSm¡p¶Xn\v D¯chpIÄ \ÂIpt¼mÄ X³hÀjs¯ \nIpXn IqSmsX ]et¸mgpw ap³hÀj§fnse XpIIfpw CuSmt¡­n hcmdp­v. bYmÀ°¯n IpSnÈnIIfmsW¦nepw Chsb ]gb ]ncnbmsX \n¡p¶ IpSnÈnIIfmbn IW¡m¡m³ IgnbnÃ. C¯cw IpSnÈnIIsf X¶m­v IW¡n³ ]Sn ]p¯\mbn apX h¶ IpSnÈnIIsf¶p ]dbp¶p. 302. Ggmw \¼À A¡u­v (IpSnÈnI IW¡v)þ Hmtcm hÀjmcw`¯nepamWv Cu A¡u­v X¿mdmt¡­Xv. ap³hÀjmhkm\w, Hmtcm C\§fnepambn ]ncnbmsX Ahtijn¡p¶ XpIIÄ, XhW¯obXn, IpSnÈnI¡mcpsS t]cpw taÂhnemkhpw, X­t¸À \¼À AYhm ^b \¼À F¶o hnhc§fS§p¶ IpSnÈnI¡mcpsS ]pÅn¸Sn ]«nIbmWnXv. ]ncnhp hcp¶ apdbvt¡m \nÀ¯tem, Ipdthm A\phZn¡p¶ ]£tam {]kvXpX hnhcw bYmkabw Cu A¡u­n tNÀt¡­XmWv. 303. F«mw \¼À A¡u­v (X­t¸À A¡u­v AYhm Nnä)þ (1) ASnØm\ `q\nIpXn ]ncnhns\ kw_ Ôn¡p ¶ {] [m\s¸« A¡u­mWnXv. \nIpXnZmbIsâ t]cpw hnemkhpw, `qanbpsS Xcw, hnkvXoÀ®w, ASnØm\ `q\nIpXn XpI, HSp¡p hnhcw F¶nh Cu A¡u­n \n¶pw e`n¡p¶p. Cu A¡u­nsâ H¶mw ]pd¯n \nIpXnZmbI\n \n¶pw CuSmt¡­Xmb XpIbpsSbpw, `qanbpsSbpw hnhc§Ä tNÀ¯ncn¡p¶p. Hcp X­t¸cn \n¶pw GsX¦nepw hkvXpthm AXnsâ Awitam A\yt]cntebv¡p amdpt¼mÄ BZy X­t¸cn ssIamdnb `qan IpdshgpXpIbpw Xodphm§nb hyàn B hntÃPnse Hcp ap³ X­t¸cpImc\mbncp¶m AbmfpsS X­t¸cn ssIamäw sN¿s¸« `qan Iq«nt¨À¡pIbpw AÃm¯ ]£w AbmfpsS t]cn Hcp ]pXnb X­t¸À ]nSn¨v ssIamdn \ÂInb `qanbpsS hnhc§Ä ]Xn¡pIbpw sN¿Ww. (2 ) X­t¸ À A¡u­nsâ c­mas¯ ] pd w HSp¡p hnhc w tcJs¸Sp¯p¶Xn\v th­nbpÅXmWv. XobXn {Ia¯n XpI HSp¡nb Bfnsâ t]cv, HSp¡nb XpI, ckoXp \¼À F¶o hnhc§Ä ChnsS tNÀt¡­XmWv. 304. H³]Xmw \¼À A¡u­v (\mÄhgn)þ hntÃPv Hm^okn \ntXy\ ]ncnhp hcp¶ FÃm dh\yq C\§fpsSbpw hnhc§Ä ImWn¡p¶ Hcp A¡u­mWv \mÄhgn. \ntXy\ FgpXn X¿mdmt¡­ Cu A¡u­n Hmtcm Znhkhpw C\w Xncn¨pÅ kwt£]hpw X¿mdmt¡­Xp­v. A¡u­v AXmXv Znhkw Hm^okv {]hÀ¯\w Ahkm\n¡p¶Xn\p ap¼mbn FgpXn X¿mdm¡n hntÃPv Hm^okÀ Is¿m¸pw XobXnbpw h¨v km£ys¸Spt¯­XmWv. ]ncnhv XpI JP\mhn HSp¡p¶Xn\p ap¼mbn HSp¡p hnhc§sfgpXn \mÄhgnbpw 195


ckoXp_p¡pw ]cntim[\bv¡mbn Xmeqt¡m^okn lmPcmt¡­XpamWv. 305. ]¯mw \¼À A¡u­v (P]vXn \S]SnIÄ¡mbn ip]mÀi sNbvX `q\nIpXnIÄ¡mbpÅ A¡u­v)þ e m³Uv d h\yq C \§Ä IpSnÈnIbmbm \nÀ_Ô \S]SnIsfSp¯v IpSnÈnI CuSm¡p¶Xn\v \S]SnIfmcw`nt¡­Xv hntÃPv Xe¯nemWv. C¯c¯n dh\yq dn¡hdn Unamâ v t\m«okpIÄ ]pds¸Sphn¡p¶Xntebv¡mbn X¿mdm¡nb em³Uv dh\yq IpSnÈnI¡mcpsS ]«nIbmWnXv. 306. ]Xns\m¶mw \¼À A¡u­v (A[nI¸ncnhv A¡u­v)þ X h W amk¯n\p ap¼mtbm Cc«n¸mtbm HSp¡p¶ \nIpXn hnhcw ImWn¡p¶ A¡u­mWnXv. A[nI ]ncnhpIsf hcpw hÀjt¯bv¡v A[nI¸ncnhmbn \o¡n\nÀ¯m¯ ]£w Ahsb A[nI¯­Â F¶ ]ehIbn\¯n hIsImÅn¨v apXepw ]ncnhpw tNÀ¯v {IaoIcnt¡­XmIp¶p. 307. ]{´­mw \¼À A¡u­v (HSp¡v A¡u­v)þ H mtcm XhWbp w ]ncnhp XpI JP\mhn HSp¡pt¼mÄ Cu A¡u­v FgpXn X¿mdmt¡­XmWv. Hmtcm C\¯n\pw t\À¡pÅ XpIIÄ \mÄhgnbnse kwt£]¯nse AXmXv C\§Ä¡v t\À¡pÅ XpIIÄ Xs¶bmbncn¡pw. Cu A¡u­nsâ Hcp {]Xn HSp¡n Znhkw Xmeq¡v Hm^okn lmPcmt¡­XmWv. 308. ]Xnaq¶mw \¼À A¡u­v (\nÀ¯Â Ipdhv A¡u­v ) þ (1) IpSnÈnIbntem ]pXpapXentem Cfh\phZn¡p¶Xns\bmWv Icw \nÀ¯Â sN¿pI F¶XpsIm­v AÀ°am¡p¶Xv. \nÀ¯Â F¶Xv \nÝnX XpIIsf Xm¡menIambn FgpXn¯ÅpI am{XamWv . F¶m \nIpXn XpIIÄ Øncambn Hgnhm¡p¶Xns\bmWv IW¡n IpdshgpXpI F¶p ]dbp¶Xv. Ipdhv F¶Xv ]et¸mgpw `qanbpsS hnkvXoÀ®s¯bpw Ics¯bpw Hcpt]mse _m[n¡p¶hbmWv. F¶m \nÀ¯emIs« Ics¯ am{Xta _m[n¡p¶pÅq. (2) \nÀ¯Â F¶Xv IpSnÈnIbnepw ]pXpapXenepw A\phZn¡p¶ \n ÝnXIme C fhpIfmsW¦n Ip dhv F¶ Xv ] pXpapX FÃm¡met¯¡papÅ Hgnhm¡epIfmWv. 309. ]Xn\memw \¼À A¡u­v (apXÂþ]ncnhvþ_m¡n A¡u­v AYhm XhWapS¡w) þ Hmtcm amkm´y¯nepw X¿mdmt¡­ dh\yq C\§fpsS apXÂ, ]ncnhv, _m¡n F¶ IW¡nepÅ {]Xnamk kwt£]amWnXv. IpSnÈnI, ]pXp¡Â C\§fnse apXÂ, ]ncnhv, _m¡n F¶nh thÀXncn¨mWv Cu A¡u­n tcJs¸Sp¯p¶Xv. 310. ]Xn\©mw \¼À A¡u­v (hmÀjnI em³Uv dh\yq A¡u­v)þ ]Xn\memw \¼À A¡u­v {]Xnamk apXÂþ]ncnhv þ_m¡n XpIIfpsS kwt£]amsW¦n Cu A¡u­mIs« em³Uv dh\yq C\§fpsS C\w


Xncn¨pÅ hmÀjnI apXÂþ]ncnhvþ_m¡n ]{XnIbmWv. IqSmsX Cu A¡u­n Icw sIm­Xpw AÃm¯Xpamb `qanIfpsS hnkvXoÀ®hpw DÄs¡mÅp¶p. Pam_´n Hm^okÀ ]mkm¡p¶tXmSpIqSn am{Xta Cu A¡u­v {]m_ey¯n hcnIbpÅq. 311. ]Xn\mdmw \¼À A¡u­v (Iym¸nä A¡u­v)þ kÀ¡mÀ hI hkvXp¡Ä hnä hIbn CuSmb ap Xensâ hnhc §Ä tNÀ¡p¶ A¡u­mWnXv. `qan hn¸\, `qanbnepÅ hr£§fpsStbm aäp hkvXp¡fpsStbm hn¸\ (taemZmbw) F¶obn\§fnepÅ apXÂ, ]ncnhpIÄ Cu A¡u­nemWpÄs¡mÅnt¡­Xv. 312. ]Xnt\gmw \¼À A¡u­v (sI«nS \nIpXn A¡u­v)þ sI«nS \nIpXn kw_Ôn¨ \nIpXnZmbIcpsS hnhc§Ä, sI«nS¯nsâ hnkv X oÀ®w, XhW¯pIIÄ, ]ncnhp hnhc§Ä F¶nh tNÀ¡p¶ A¡u­mWnXv. 313. ]Xns\«mw \¼À A¡u­v (IcsamSp¡v ckoXp ]pkvXI§fpsS A¡u­v)þ hntÃPv Poh\¡mÀ Xmeq¡n \n¶pw Gäphm§p¶ IcsamSp¡v ckoXv ]pkvXI§fpsS \¼cpw ssI¸änb XobXnbpw aäpw tcJs¸Sp¯p¶ A¡u­mWnXv. ]pXpXmbn ckoXp ]pkvXI§Ä hm§pt¼mÄ Cu A¡u­v sU]yq«n XlknÂZmcpsS ap¶n lmPcm¡n ap¼v Xmeq¡n \n¶pw hm§nb FÃm ckoXp ]pkvXI§fpw AXn hchp h¨n«pÅXmbn t_m²ys¸Sp¯n Is¿m¸p hmt§­XmWv. 314. ]s¯m³]Xmw \¼À A¡u­v (BUw_c \nIpXn A¡u­v)þ BUw_c \nIpXn¡p hnt[bamb sI«nS§fpsSbpw \nIpXnZmbIcpsSbpw hnhc§fpw \nIpXn XpI, ]ncnhp hnhcw F¶nhbpw tNÀ¡p¶ A¡u­mWnXv. 315. Ccp]Xmw \¼À A¡u­v (PetkN\ \nIpXn A¡u­v)þ hntÃPn PetkN\ \nIpXnbv¡v hnt[bamb `qanbpsS hnhc§Ä, Npa¯s¸« \nIpXn, HSp¡v hnhc§Ä F¶nh ImWn¡p¶ A¡u­mWnXv. 316. Ccp]¯n H¶mw \¼À A¡u­v (dh\yq dn¡hdn eUvPÀ)þ dh\yq dn¡hdn IpSnÈnI¡mcpsS t]cphnhc§Ä, IpSnÈnI, C\w, IpSnÈnI XpI, CuSm¡ensâ hnhc§Ä F¶nh Cu A¡u­n tNÀt¡­XmWv. 317. Ccp]¯nc­mw \¼À A¡u­v (tXm« \nIpXn A¡u­v)þ hntÃPn tXm«\nIpXn sImSp¡m³ _m²yØ\mb Hmtcm \nIpXnZmbIsâbpw AbmfpsS tXm« `qanIfpsSbpw hnhc§fpw Npa¯s¸« \nIpXn, CuSm¡nb \nIpXn F¶o hnhc§fpw ImWn¡p¶ A¡u­v tXm«\nIpXn A¡u­v.

197


**** A²ymbwþ27

Pam_´n 318. Pam_´n-þ (1) hntÃPpIfnsebpw Xmeq¡nsebpw hnhn[ A¡u­pIfpw cPnÌdpIfpw kq£va ]cntim[\ \S¯pIbpw H¯pt\m¡pIbpw sN¿pI, em³Uv dh\yq hIp¸v Npa¯p¶ FÃm \nIpXnIfpw bYmkabw Npa¯n hntÃPv A¡u­pIfn DÄs¸Sp¯pIbpw ]ncnhp XpIIÄ bYmkabw kÀ¡mÀ JP\mhn HSp¡p hcp¯pIbpw sNbvXn«pt­m F¶p ]cntim[n¡pI F¶nhbmWv Pam_´n F¶XpsIm­v AÀ°am¡p¶Xv. CXnte¡mbn Pam_´n Hm^okÀamÀ hntÃPv Hm^okpIfn \S¯p¶ em³Uv dh\yq hchpIfpsS Hcp hmÀjnI HmUnämWv Pam_´n. am{XhpaÃ, k©nX \n[nbn \n¶papff XpIIÄ hn\ntbmKn¡p¶ GsXmcp kÀ¡mÀ Øm]\hpw A¡u­â v P\densâ ]cntim[\bv¡v hnt[bamsW¶ncns¡ kwØm\s¯ hntÃPv Hm^okpIsf hmÀjnI ]cntim[\bn \n¶v A¡u­â v P\d Hgnhm¡nbn«pffXv hntÃPv Hm^okpIfn hmÀjnI Pam_´n ]cntim[\ \S¡p¶p F¶Xn\memWv. AXn\m Xs¶ Pam_´n ]cntim[\ \S]SnIfn bmsXmcp hn[amb hogvNIfpw A\phZ\obaÃm¯XmWv. (2) hntÃPv DtZymKØÀ Pam_´n dn¡mÀUpIÄ X¿mdm¡pI, {]kvXpX dn¡mÀUpIfnt·Â XlknÂZmÀ {]YanI ]cntim[\ \S¯pI, Pam_´n Hm^okÀ A´na ]cntim[\ \S¯pI, Pam_´n Hm^okÀ sN¡v sat½mdm­¯n Nq­n¡mWn¨n«pÅ \yq\XIÄ ]cnlcn¡p¶Xn\v PnÃm IfÎÀ \S]SnIÄ kzoIcn¡pI F¶n§s\ \mep L«ambpÅ {]hÀ¯\§Ä DÄs¡mÅp¶XmWv Pam_´n ]cntim[\. (3) GXm\pw hntÃPpIfpsS Pam_´n ]cntim[\bv¡mbn Pam_´n Hm^okdpw SoawK§fpw GsX¦nepw Hcp hntÃtPm^okn Iym¼v sN¿p¶Xpw {]kvXpX Znhk§fn _Ôs¸« hntÃPpIfnse Xmak¡mcn \n¶pÅ `qan kw_ÔambtXm dh\yq hIp¸pambn _Ôs¸« atäsX¦nepw hnjb§Ä kw_Ônt¨m DÅ Bt£]§tfm At]£Itfm ]cmXnItfm kzoIcn¡p¶Xpw Ahbn Bhiyamb ]cntim[\ \S¯n XoÀ¸p­m¡p¶Xpambncn¡pw. Ct¯c¯n Pam_´n ]cntim[\ \S¯p¶ hnhcw, Iym¼v sN¿p¶ Hm^okv,


]cntim[\mXobXnIÄ F¶o hnhc§Ä s]mXpP\§fpsS Adnhnte¡mbn XlknÂZmÀ ]{Xam[ya§fneqsS ap³Iq«n {]kn²s¸Sp¯p¶Xpambncn¡pw. 319. Pam_´n Hm^okÀþ (1) PnÃm IfÎtd m PnÃm IfÎÀ NpaXes¸Sp¯p¶ sU]yq«n IfÎÀ, dh\yq UnhnjW Hm^okÀ, k_v IfÎÀ F¶nhtcm BIp¶p Pam_´n Hm^okÀamÀ. Hmtcm hÀjhpw Hmtcm Xmeq¡p ]cn[nbnsebpw FÃm hntÃPpIÄ¡pambn Hcp Pam_´n Hm^oksd \nÝbnt¡­Xpw XpSÀ hÀj§fn Hcp PnÃbnse Xmeq¡pIÄ¡v Pam_´n Hm^oksd \nÝbn¡pt¼mÄ Nm{InI {Iaw (Rotation) ]ment¡­XpamWv. AXmbXv Hcp hÀjw 1, 2, 3 F¶o Xmeq¡pIfn bYm{Iaw PnÃm IfÎÀ, dh\yq UnhnjW Hm^okÀ, sU]yq«n IfÎÀ (dh\yq dn¡hdn) F¶nhÀ Pam_´n Hm^okÀamcmbn \ntbmKn¡s¸«n«pÅ ]£w sXm«Sp¯ hÀjw 1, 2, 3 F¶o Xmeq¡pIfn Pam_´n Hm^okÀamcpsS \nba\w sU]yq«n IfÎÀ (dh\yq dn¡hdn), PnÃm IfÎÀ, dh\yq UnhnjW Hm^okÀ F¶ {Ia¯nembncn¡Ww. 320. PnÃm IfÎdpsS NpaXeIÄþ (1) FÃm hÀjhpw G{]n amkw BZyw Hmtcm Xmeq¡p]cn[nbnse hntÃPpIfnte¡pw Pam_´n Hm^oksd \nÝbn¨psIm­pw hntÃPpIfn ]cntim[\m XobXn \nÝbn¨psIm­pw PnÃm IfÎÀ Hcp t{]m{Kmw X¿mdmt¡­Xpw BbXv Kkän ]ckys¸Sp¯pIbpw _Ôs¸« Pam_´n Hm^okÀ, XlknÂZmÀ, hntÃPv Hm^okÀ F¶nhÀ¡v Ab¨psImSpt¡­XpamWv. FÃm hÀjhpw Pq¬ 15 t\m AXn\p tijtam Bcw`n¨v `q\nIpXn InkvXp XobXnbmb HtÎm_À 15 \p ap¼mbn Ahkm\n¡p¶ hn[¯nembncn¡Ww Pam_´n t{]m{Kmw X¿mdmt¡­Xv . Pam_´n Hm^okdpsS ]cntim[\ kwL¯n aq¶p ¢À¡pamÀ, Hcp Pq\nbÀ kq{]­v F¶nhÀ D­mbncnt¡­Xpw hntÃPnse tPmen`mc¯nsâ ASnØm\¯n c­v AY hm aq¶ p Znhk§f ne mb n Pam_ ´n ] cntim[\ ¢n]vXs¸Spt¯­XpamWv. (2) Pam_´n ]cntim[\ HtÎm_À 15 \v ap³]mbn ]qÀ¯oIcn¨n«p­v F¶v PnÃm IfÎÀ Dd¸phcpt¯­Xpw PnÃbnse FÃm hntÃPpIfnsebpw Pam_´n ]cntim[\ bYmkabw ]qÀ¯nbm¡n dn¡mÀUpIÄ Pam_´n Hm^okÀamÀ AwKoIcn¨n«ps­¶Xp kw_Ôamb Hcp km£y]{Xw AXXp hÀj§fn Unkw_À 31 \v ap¼mbn em³Uv dh\yq I½ojWÀ¡pw kÀ¡mcnte¡pw kaÀ¸nt¡­XpamWv. (3) Pam_´n ]cntim[\ ]qÀ¯nbmbtijw hntÃPv Hm^okdpsS adp]SnIÄ, XlknÂZmcpsS ip]mÀiIÄ F¶nh tcJs¸Sp¯n e`n¡p¶ sN¡v sat½mdm­§Ä kq £va ]c ntim[\ \S¯ n \yq\XIsf Ãmw ]cnlcn¡s¸«tijw Ahkm\ t]Pn \yq\XIÄ ]cnlcn¨n«pÅXmb 199


km£y]{Xw tNÀ¯v PnÃm IfÎÀ H¸pw ap{Zbpw h¨v sN¡v sat½mdm­w XncnsI hntÃPv Hm^okntebv¡v Ab¨psImSp¡p¶XmWv. HmUnäv ]cmaÀi§Ä XoÀ¸m¡p¶Xn\v kzoIcn¡p¶ am\ZÞ§Ä Xs¶bmbncn¡Ww sN¡v sat½mbnse \yq\XIÄ ]cnlcn¡p¶Xnepw Ahew_nt¡­Xv. \yq\XIÄ ]cnlcn¨Xmb tcJs¸Sp¯temsS XncnsI e`n¡p¶ sN¡v sat½mdm­w Pam_´n dn¡mÀUpIfpsS Iq«¯n hntÃPv Hm^okn kq£nt¡­XmWv. 321. Pam_´n dn¡mÀUpIfpw hntÃPv DtZymKØcpwþ (1) km¼¯nI hÀjw Ahkm\n¨p Ignªm sXm«Sp¯ sabv 15 \v ap¼mbn FÃm Pam_´n dn¡mÀUpIfpw X¿mdm¡n ]cntim[\bv ¡v kÖam¡pI F¶Xv hntÃPv DtZymKØcpsS ISabmWv. Pam_´n dn¡mÀUpIÄ F¶Xn hntÃPv Hm^okpIfn kq£n¡p¶ hnhn[§fmb A¡u­pIÄ, cPnÌdpIÄ, eUvPdpIÄ, ]{XnIIÄ F¶nhsbÃmw DÄs¸Sp¶p. Pam_´n dn¡mÀUpIfn Bhiyamb tcJs¸Sp¯epIfpw, amä§fpw hcp¯nb tijw Hmtcm dn¡mÀUnepw hntÃPv AknÌâ v / kvs]jy hntÃPv Hm^okÀ, hntÃPv Hm^okÀ F¶nhÀ H¸phbvt¡­XmWv. (2) Pam_´n Hm^okÀ hntÃPv A¡u­pIfpw cPnÌdpIfpw AwKoIcn¨v H¸p hbv ¡p¶tXmsSm¸w ]cntim[\bn Is­¯nbn«pÅ hkvXpXIfpw \yq\XIfpw tcJs¸Sp¯nb Hcp Pam_´n sN¡v sat½mdm­w IqSn hntÃPv Hm^okÀ¡v ssIamdp¶XmWv. {]kvXpX sN¡v sat½mbpsS Hcp ] IÀ ¸p IqSn hntà Pv H m^okÀ X¿ md mt¡­Xp w Ahbn ]cnlcn¡s¸tS­Xmb Hmtcm ]cmaÀi¯n\pw t\À¡v hntÃPv Hm^okÀ \nÝnX tImf¯n \yq\Xm ]cnlmc hnhcw tcJs¸Sp¯n Pam_´n Ahkm\n¨ XobXnbn \n¶pw Hcp amk¯n\Iw XlknÂZmÀ aptJ\ PnÃm IfÎÀ¡v kaÀ¸nt¡­XpamWv. (3) sN¡v sat½mdm­¯nse ]cmaÀi§fnt·Â hntÃPv Hm^okÀ \ÂInb adp]Sn Xr]vXnIcaÃm¯ Ahkc§fn PnÃm IfÎdpsS \nÀt±im\pkcWapÅ \S]SnIÄ ssIs¡m­v \yq\Xm ]cnlmc dnt¸mÀ«v XlknÂZmÀ aptJ\ bYmkabw PnÃm IfÎÀ¡v kaÀ¸n¡m³ hntÃPv Hm^okÀ NpaXes¸«ncn¡p¶p. hntÃPv Hm^okÀ A[nIambn X¿mdm¡n kq£n¨n«pÅ sN¡v sat½mbpsS Hcp ]IÀ¸v C¯c¯n XpSÀ¶pÅ \yq\Xm]cnlmc \S]SnIÄ¡mbmWv D]tbmKnt¡­Xv. FÃm \yq\XIfpw ]cnlcn¨ tijw PnÃm IfÎdpsS H¸v tNÀ¯v XncnsI e`n¡p¶ sN¡v sat½mdm­w Pam_´n dn¡mÀUpIfpsS Iq«¯n hntÃPv Hm^okÀ kpc£nX kq£n¸n hbvt¡­XmWv. 322. Pam_´n {]mYanI ]cntim[\bpw XlknÂZmcpsS NpaXeIfpw:þ (1) PnÃm IfÎdn \n¶pw Pam_´n ]cntim[\ kw_Ôn¨ t{]m{Kmw e`n¨mepS³


Hmtcm hntÃPnsebpw Pam_´n Hm^okdpsS ]cntim[\bv ¡v ap¼mbn Ahkm\n¡¯¡ hn[¯n XlknÂZmÀ Hcp {]mYanI Pam_´n ]cntim[\ Ie­À X¿mdmt¡­Xpw BbXv AXmXv hntÃPv Hm^okÀamÀ¡v Ab¨p sImSpt¡­XpamWv. sabv 15 \v Bcw`n¡p¶ Xc¯nÂ, Hcp hntÃPn ]camh[n c­v Znhk§Ä F¶ \nebn ]cntim[\ {IaoIcnt¡­Xpw Hmtcm hntÃPnte¡pw Hcp sU]yq«n XlknÂZmcpsS t\XrXz¯n aXnbmb DtZymKØsc ]cntim[\bv ¡ mbn \ntbmKn¡p¶Xpambncn¡pw. Hmtcm hntÃPnsebpw ]cntim[\ ]qÀ¯nbmbmepS³ Xs¶ XlknÂZmÀ FÃm Pam_´n dn¡mÀUpIfnepw X³hÀjs¯ tcJs¸Sp¯epIÄ¡p Xmsgbmbn H¸p tcJs¸Spt¯­XmWv. {]mYanI Pam_´n ]cntim[\ ]qÀ¯nbm¡msX P am_´n ]c ntim[\ \S¯ m\mhnà F ¶Xn\m C ¡mcy¯n bmsXmcphn[amb hogvNIfpw hcmsX \S]SnIÄ ]qÀ¯nbm¡pI F¶Xv XlknÂZmcpsS D¯chmZnXzamWv. (2) P am_´n Hm^o kd psS ]c ntim[\m thfb n hntÃP v dn¡mÀUpIfpambn H¯pt\m¡p¶Xn\mhiyamb FÃm cPnÌdpIfpw A¡u­pIfpw ^bepIfpw \nÝnX XobXnIfn _Ôs¸« hntÃPv Hm^okpIfn F¯nt¡­Xv XlknÂZmcpsS NpaXebmWv. C¯c¯n A¡u­pIfpw cPnÌdpIfpw hntÃPpIfnse¯nt¡­XpffXn\m Hcp Xmeq¡p ]cn[nbn Hmtc kabw H¶ne[nIw hntÃPpIfn {]mYanI ]cntim[\tbm Pam_´n ]cntim[\tbm ]mSnÃm¯XmWv. (3) Pam_´n ]cntim[\bv¡ p tijw \yq\Xm ]cnlmc adp]Sn tcJs¸Sp¯n hntÃPv Hm^okÀ kaÀ¸n¡p¶ sN¡v sat½mdm­w hniZambn ]cntim[n¨v _Ôs¸« dn¡mÀUpIfpambn H¯p t\m¡n \nÝnX tImf¯n hyàamb ip]mÀi tcJs¸Sp¯n XlknÂZmÀ PnÃm IfÎÀ¡p kaÀ¸n¡p¶p. sXm«Sp¯ Pam_´n ]cntim[\bv ¡ p ap³]mbn FÃm \yq\XIfpw ]cnlcn¡s¸«psh¶v XlknÂZmÀ Dd¸phcp¯pIbpw sN¿p¶p. 323. Pam_´n Hm^okdpsS NpaXeIÄ:þ (1) Pam_´n ]cntim[IÀ ]cntim[\ Znhk§fn hntÃPv Hm^okn lmPcmbn Xmeq¡m^okn \n¶pw ]cntim[\ Bhiy¯nte¡mbn hntÃPn F¯n¨n«pff FÃm A¡u­pIfpw eUvPdpIfpw cPnÌdpIfpw ^bepIfpw hntÃPv Hm^oknse A¡u­pIfpw cPnÌdpIfpambn H¯p t\mt¡­Xpw tcJs¸Sp¯epIfn hyXymkapff ]£w Ah icns¸Sp¯nbtijw Pam_´n Hm^okÀ FÃm A¡u­pIfnepw cPnÌdpIfnepw H¸p hbvt¡­XpamWv. CtXmsSm¸w Pam_´n ]cntim[IÀ hntÃPv ]cntim[\ kw_Ôn¨ ""Pam_´n sN¡v sat½mdm­w'' IqSn FgpXn X¿mdm¡n hntÃPv Hm^okÀ¡v ssIamdp¶XmWv. (2) Awi¡cw Xn«s¸Sp¯n XhWapS¡w A¡u­v, Un.kn._n. A¡u­v F¶nhbn tNÀ¡pI, A[nI]ncnhn\¯nepff XpIIsf A[nI¯­embn 201


hI sImffn¡pItbm A[nI]ncnhmbn \o¡n\nÀ¯pItbm sN¿pI, ]ncnhpw HSp¡pw X½n hyXymkapff ]£w Un.kn._n. A¡u­v ]pXp¡pIbpw BbXnsâ ASnØm\¯n hmÀjnI em³Uv dh\yq A¡u­v (XhW apS¡w A¡u­v) ]mkm¡pIbpw sN¿pI F¶nh Pam_´n Hm^okdpsS am{Xw NpaXeIfmWv. \nIpXn \nÀ®b¯ntem `qan ]Xnhntem atäsX¦nepw \S]SnIfntem kwibapÅ ]£w DNnXamb Xocpam\saSp¡p¶Xntebv¡mbn Pam_´n Hm^okÀ¡v ^oÂUv ]cntim[\ \S¯mhp¶XmWv. C¯c¯n Pam_´n ]cntim[\ icnbmbpw IrXyambpw bYmkabw ]qÀ¯oIcn¡pI F¶Xv Pam_´n Hm^okdpsS NpaXebmIp¶p.

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`mKwþ VII

]ehI tPmenIÄ

203


A²ymbwþ28

sXcsªSp¸pw sk³kkpw (F) Ce£³ 324. dh\yq DtZymKØcpsS {][m\ NpaXeIfnsem¶mWv ]mÀesaânte¡pw \nbak`bnte¡pw X±ikzbw`cW Øm]\§fnte¡papÅ XncsªSp¸nsâ \S¯n¸v . PnÃm XncsªSp¸v Hm^okÀ F¶Xn\p ]pdta, ]mÀesaâ v XncsªSp¸n\v _Ôs¸« \ntbmPI aÞe¯nsâ hcWm[nImcnbpw PnÃm IfÎdmWv. C Xq IqSmsX \nbak`m XncsªSp¸ n\pw Xt±i Øm]\§fntebv¡pÅ XncsªSp¸pIÄ¡papÅ hcWm[nImcnIfpsS ta PnÃm XncsªSp¸v Hm^okÀ F¶ \nebnepÅ \nb{´Wm[nImchpw PnÃm IfÎÀ¡mWpffXv. 325. hntÃPv DtZymKØcpw XncsªSp¸p tPmenIfpwþ (1) XncsªSp¸pambn _Ôs¸«v, PnÃm IfÎdpsSbpw _Ôs¸« hcWm[nImcnIfpsSbpw CeÎd cPnkvt{Sj³ Hm^okdmb XlkoÂZmcpsSbpw \nÀt±i§Ä¡\pkrXambn hntÃPv Xe¯n Ce£\pambn _Ôs¸« \S]SnIÄ GtIm]n¸nt¡­Xv hntÃPm^okdpsS NpaXebmWv. (2) Hmtcm t]mfnwKvtÌj\pth­nbpw XncsªSp¸p I½oj³ \ntbmKn¨n«pÅ _q¯v seh Hm^okÀamcpsS {]hÀ¯\§fpsS taÂt\m«hpw GtIm]\hpw XncsªSp¸pambn _Ôs¸«v hntÃPm^okdpsS {][m\ NpaXeIfn H¶mWv. hntÃPn\pÅnse FÃm t]mfnwKv tÌj\pIsf kw_Ôn¨pw hyàamb [mcW hntÃPm^okÀ¡pw hntÃPm^oknse Hmtcm Poh\¡mÀ¡pw D­mtI­Xp­v . t]mfnwKv tÌj\pIfpsS Øm\hpw tSmt¸m{Km^n¡Â hnhc§fpaS§p¶ Hcp semt¡j³ am¸v hntÃPm^okÀ X¿mdm¡n kq£nt¡­XmWv . C{]ImcapÅ am¸nsâ klmbt¯msS GsXmcmÄ¡pw t]mfnwKv tÌj\nse¯m³ IgnbWw F¶ [mcWtbmsSbmWv


am¸v X¿mdmt¡­Xv. Hmtcm t]mfnwKv tÌj\pw ØnXn sN¿p¶ sI«nS§fpsS FÃm hniZmwi§fpaS§p¶ \nÝnX amXrIbnepÅ UbdÎdn hntÃPm^okÀ X¿mdm¡n kq£nt¡­XmWv. {]kvXpX UbdÎdnbn BLO amcpsS hnhc§Ä, t]mfnwKv tÌj\nse kuIcy§Ä XpS§nbh kw_Ôn¨ hniZmwi§Ä hyàambn tcJs¸Sp¯nbncn¡Ww. (3) XncsªSp¸v hnÚm]\¯n\p ap³]p Xs¶ XncsªSp¸pambn _Ôs¸«pÅ aps¶mcp¡§Ä hntÃPm^okÀ \St¯­XmWv. Hmtcm t]mfnwKv tÌj\pw t\cn«v ]cntim[n¨v, t]mfnwKv tÌj\mbn D]tbmKn¡p¶Xn\v sI«nSw ]cym]vXamtWmsb¶pw Bhiyamb kuIcy§Ä e`yamtWmsb¶pw ]cntim[n¨v, t]mcmbvaIsfs´¦nepaps­¦n bYmkabw hnhcw XlkoÂZmsc Adnbnt¡­ NpaXe hntÃPv Hm^okÀ¡mWv. 326. thm«À ]«nI ]pXp¡Âþ thm«À ]«nIIfpsS {]tXyI ]pXp¡Â, kw£n]v X ]pXp¡Â F¶nh kw_Ôn¨ \S]SnIÄ GtIm]n¸nt¡­ NpaXebpw hntÃPv Hm^okÀ \nÀÆlnt¡­XmWv . _q¯v seh Hm^okÀamcn \n¶pw e`n¡p¶ Iq«nt¨À¡Â, Hgnhm¡Â, Xncp¯Â XpS§nb ]«nIIÄ kq£va ]cotim[\ \S¯n bYmkabw CeIvSd cPnkvt{Sj³ Hm^okÀ¡p ssIamdp¶Xn\v hntÃPv Poh\¡mÀ {]tXyIw {i²nt¡­XmWv. 327. skIvSd Hm^okÀþ XncsªSp¸v Znhkw hntÃPv Hm^okÀ skIvSd Hm^okdpw tkmW aPnkvt{Säpambpw Uyq«n \nÀÆlnt¡­Xp­v. AXmXp Ime§fn XncsªSp¸p I½oj³ CXp kw_Ôambn ]pds¸Sphn¡p¶ amÀ¤\nÀt±i§Ä¡\pkcWambpw PnÃm XncsªSp¸p DtZymKØsâbpw apJy hcWm[nImcnbpsSbpw \nÀt±i§Ä¡\pkcWambpamWv hntÃPv Hm^okÀ {]hÀ¯nt¡­Xv. 328. t]mfnMv _q¯pIÄþ (1) t]mfnMv _q¯mbn D]tbmKn¡m\mhm¯ hn[¯n sI«nS§Ä¡v tISp]mSpIÄ kw`hn¨n«ps­¦ntem IqSpX kuIcy{]Zamb aäp sI«nS§Ä t]mfnMv _q¯mbn D]tbmKn¡m³ e`yamsW¦ntem AXn\\pkcn¨pÅ hniZamb iq]mÀi, tSmt¸m kvsI¨v klnXw XlknÂZmÀ¡bbvt¡­Xpw hntÃPm^okdpsS NpaXebmWv. (2) ]mÀesaâ v , \nbak`m XncsªSp¸pIÄ¡p th­n _q¯pIÄ kÖoIcnt¡­ NpaXe hntÃPm^okdn \n£n]vXamWv. CXn\p th­n Ce £³ I½o j³ AXmXp Ime §f n ] pd s¸ Sp hn¡p ¶ \nÀt±i§Ä¡\pkcn¨v t]mfnwKv _q¯pIfn FÃm {IaoIcW§fpw hntÃPm^okÀ sNt¿­XmWv.

(_n) sk³kkv 205


v329. tIcf¯n sk³kkv AYhm Imt\jpamcn IWs¡Sp¸pambn _Ôs¸« tPmenIÄ GtIm]n¸n¡p¶Xn\pff NpaXe PnÃm IfÎÀ¡mWv. Xmeq¡v XlkoÂZmÀamÀ sk³kkv k_vUnkv{SnIväv cPnkv{SmÀamcmWv. sk³kkn\p th­n \ntbmKn¡s¸Sp¶ C \yqatd äÀ amcp sS {]hÀ¯ \§Ä GtIm]n¸n¡p ¶Xn\pw AhÀ ¡mhiyamb klmb§Ä bY mhn[n \ÂIp¶Xn\pw hntÃPm^okÀ _m[yØ\mWv. C¡mcy¯n PnÃm IfÎdpw Xlko ÂZmcpw AXmXv Ime §fn ]pd s¸ Sphn¡p¶ D¯c hp IÄ ¡\pkcWambn hntÃtPm^okdpw hntÃPnse Poh\¡mcpw sk³kkv kw_Ôn¨ tPmenIÄ¡v Bhiyamb klmbw e`yamt¡­XmWv.

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A²ymbwþ29

t\m«okpw alkdpw 330. t\m«oknsâbpw alkdnsâbpw BhiyIXþ (1) dh\yq hIp¸pambn _Ôs¸« \nbahncp²amb {]hÀ¯\§Ä \nÀ¯n hbv¸n¡p¶Xntebv¡mbn C¯cw {]hÀ¯\§fn GÀs¸Sp¶hÀ¡v ]et¸mgpw t\m«okpIÄ AYhm \ntcm[\ Adnbn¸pIÄ (Stop memo) \ÂtI­n hcmdp­v . IqSmsX `qkwc£Ww, `qan hns«mgnbÂ, `qanbpsS A\[nIrX ]cnhÀ¯\w, `qan ]Xnhv, dh\yq tee§Ä XpS§n H«\h[n \S]SnIfn alkÀ AYhm ‘]©\ma’ X¿mdmt¡­Xp­v. dh\yq tIkpIÄ ssIImcyw sN¿p¶ hntÃPv DtZymKØÀ ] et¸mgp w C¯ cw t\m« okpIfp sStb m alkd pIfp tStb m {]m[m\ys¯¡pdnt¨m Ah X¿mdmt¡­ coXnsb¡pdnt¨m th­{X {i²n¡mdnÃ. dh\yq tIkpIÄ ssIImcyw sN¿p¶ DtZymKØsc kw_Ôn¨v ]n¡me¯v hyhlmc§fp­mIp¶ ]£w tImSXnIfn sXfnhpIÄ kaÀ¸n¡p¶Xn\pw samgn \ÂtI­ Ahkc¯n Xsâ HmÀ½ ]pXp¡p¶Xn\pw D]tbmKn¡msa¶Xn\m C¯cw dn¡mÀUpIÄ¡v dh\yq \S]SnIfn hfsctbsd {]m[m\yap­v. (2 ) t\m« oknseb pw alkdnse bp w DÅS¡§f pw hfsc {][m\s¸«hbmWv. GXp \nbas¯ ASnØm\am¡nbpÅ \S]SnbmtWm kzoIcn¡p¶X,v {]kvXpX \nba¯nsâtbm N«¯nsâtbm t]cv, {]kvXpX \nba¯nsetbm \nba¯m cq]oIrXamb N«¯nsetbm GXp hIp¸n\v AYhm N«¯n\\pkcWamb \S]SnIfmWv kzoIcn¡p¶Xv, t\m«okv AYhm alkÀ X¿mdm¡p¶ DtZymKØ\v {]kvX pX \nba¯mtem, N«¯mtem e`yambn«pÅ A[nImc Øm\w (DZmlcWambn IfÎÀ, A[nIrX DtZymKس, A[nImcs¸Sp¯s¸« DtZymKس XpS§nbh) F¶nh t\m«okpIfnepw alkdpIfnepw \nÀ_Ôambpw DÄs¸Sp¯nbncn¡Ww. 207


331. t\m«okpIÄ X¿mdm¡p¶ hn[wþ (1) km[mcWbmbn \nbaewL\§Ä XSbpI F¶ Dt±iyt¯msSbmWv t\m«okpIÄ \ÂIp¶Xv. kÀ¡mÀ hI hkvXp¡Ä A\[nIrXambn It¿dpI, `qhn\ntbmK D¯chnsetbm s\Âhb þ X®oÀ¯S \nba¯nsetbm hyhØIÄ¡p hncp²ambn Irjn`qanItfm X®oÀ¯S§tfm ]cnhÀ¯\s¸Sp¯pItbm cq]m´cs¸Sp¯pItbm sN¿pI, A\[nIrX J\\ {]hÀ¯\§fnteÀs¸SpI XpS§nbh {i²bnÂs¸Sp¶ Ahkc§fnemWv \ntcm[\ Adnbn¸pIÄ F¶ t\m«okpIÄ X¿mdm¡n \ Im³ hntà Pv H m^okÀ¡v Np aXeb pÅXv. t\m« okv tcJmaqeambncnt¡­Xpw BbXn\v Hcp d^d³kv \¼À D­mbncnt¡­Xpw hntÃPv Hm^okÀ \nba¯mtem N«¯mtem e`yamb A[nImcØm\w kqNn¸n¨psIm­v XobXn klnXw BbXn Xsâ Is¿m¸pw ap{Zbpw tNÀ¯ nc nt¡­Xp amWv. _ Ôs¸« D tZ ymKØ ³ H¸ p tcJs¸Sp¯nbn«pÅXn\p NphsS CSXp `mK¯mbmWv t\m«okv AÀ¡mtWm \ÂIm\pt±in¨n«pÅXv {]kv X pX hyànbpsS t]cpw taÂhnemkhpw tcJs¸Spt¯­Xv. (2) _Ôs¸« \nba§fntem N«§fntem hyhØ sNbv X n«pÅ {]Imcambncn¡Ww t\m«okpIÄ I£nIÄ¡v \St¯­Xv. F¶m A{]Imcw hyhØ sNbvXn«nÃm¯ ]£w t\m«okpIÄ \St¯­Xv _Ôs¸« I£nt¡m AbmfpsS \nbam\pkrX {]Xn\n[nbv t ¡m AXpasæn AbmfpsS IpSpw_¯nse {]mb]qÀ¯nbmb HcwK¯nt\m t\cn«p \ÂIns¡mt­m AbmfpsS ØncXmak hkXnbpsS ap³ hmXnen ]Xn¨p \S¯n sImt­m cPntÌÀUv X]m apJm´ncw Ab¨p sImSp¯psImt­m Bbncn¡Ww. t\m«okv t\cn«v \ÂIp¶ Ahkc§fn _Ôs¸« I£nbn \n¶pw ssI¸äp hnhcw \S¯p{]Xnbn XobXnbpw Is¿m¸pw klnXw tcJs¸Sp¯n hmt§­Xv t\m«okv \S¯p¶ DtZymKØsâ NpaXebmWv . t\m«okv ssI¸änb hyàn ssI¸äp hnhcw tcJs¸Sp¯nbXn\p NphsSbmbn t\m«okv \S¯nb DtZymKس Xsâ t]cv, HutZymKnIØm\w, XobXn F¶nh tNÀ¯v H ¸p tcJ s¸ Sp t¯ ­Xpw B bXn hntÃP v Hm^o kÀ tamse m¸ p hbvt¡­XpamWv. ]Ic¡mc\mb HcmfmWv t\m«okv ssI¸äp¶sX¦n ssI¸änb BfpsS t]cpw AbmÄ t\m«okv I£nbm NpaXes¸Sp¯ s¸«bmfmhp¶ ]£w B hnhchpw IpSpw_mwKsa¦n t\m«okv I£nbpambpÅ _Ôhpw ssI¸äphnhcw km£ys¸Sp¯p¶Xn\p ap¼mbn tcJs¸Sp ¯nbncn¡Ww. t\m«okv Hcp sI«nS¯nemWv ]Xn¨p \S¯p¶sX¦n kao]hmknIfmb c­p km£nIfpsS km¶n²y¯n A{]Imcw sNt¿­Xpw ]Xn¨v \S¯m\p­mb ImcWhpw sI«nS \¼cpw \S¯p{]Xnbn tcJs¸Sp¯n XSØÀamscs¡m­v BbXv km£ys¸Spt¯­XpamWv. F¶m t\m«okv GsX¦nepw `qanbn ]Xn¨p \St¯­n h¶m {]kv X pX `qanbn Xm¡menIambn \m«nb Hcp t_mÀUnembncn¡Ww XSØÀamcpsS


km¶n²y¯n A{]Imcw sNt¿­Xv. F¶m Cu amÀ¤§Ä IqSmsX, t\m« okpIÄ _Ô s¸ « I£ nb v ¡ v cP ntÌÀ Uv X]membn Ab¨p sImSp¡mhp¶XpamWv . GsX¦nepw ImcW§Ä tcJs¸Sp¯n t]mÌ A[nIrXÀ aS¡nbmepw 1894 se P\d t¢mkkv BÎnse 27þmw hIp¸n\p hnt[bambn {]kvXpX t\m«okv \S¯nbXmbn ]cnKWn¨v XpSÀ \S]SnIÄ kzoIcn¡mhp¶XmWv. t\m«okpIÄ \S¯nbXp kw_Ôambn t\m«okv \S¯p¶ DtZymKس \S¯p{]Xnbn tNÀt¡­ hnhc§fpsS amXrIIÄ NphsS tNÀ¡p¶p: (i) .../.../...... XobXnbmb Ct¶ Znhkw t\m«okv I£nbmb {io./{ioaXn ................\v t\cn«v t\m«okv \S¯nbn«pÅXmWv. H¸v/t\m«okv \S¯nb DtZymKØsâ t]cv HutZymKnI Øm\w. (ii) t\m«okv I£nbpsS Akm¶n²y¯n .../.../........ XobXnbmb Ct¶ Znhkw t\m«okv I£nbmb {io./{ioaXn ................ sâ aI\mb {io. ......................\v (....hbkv) t\cn«v t\m«okv \S¯nbn«pÅXmWv. (iii) t\m«okv I£nbmb {io........................., t\m«okv ssI¸äm³ hnk½Xn¨n«pÅXn\m Snbmsâ hkXnbmb XII/242/MGP (2014) F¶ sI«nS¯n ...../....../....... XobXnbmb Ct¶ Znhkw NphsS t]cp tNÀ¡p¶ XSØÀamcpsS km¶n²y¯n t\m«okv ]Xn¨p \S¯nbn«pÅXmWv. (3) XSØÀamcpsS km¶n²y¯n t\m«okpIÄ ]Xn¨p \S¯p¶ Ahkc§fn XSØÀamcpsS t]cv , hbkv , ]qÀ®amb taÂhnemkw, GsX¦nep w Xncn¨d nb  tc Jb psS hnhc w (\¼À ) F¶ nhbp w tcJs¸Spt¯­XmWv. \ntcm[\ Adnbn¸nsâ (Stop memo) Hcp amXrI NphsS tNÀ¡p¶p. \¼À............

ImtcmSv hntÃPv Hm^okv XobXn: ........................ t^m¬ \¼À:...................................

\ntcm[\ Adnbn¸v

209


s\¿män³Ic Xmeq¡n ImtcmSv hntÃPn sN¦hnf IcbnÂ/tZi¯v t»m¡v 48  dokÀtÆ 100/1 Âs¸«Xpw 2452þmw \¼À X­t¸cpw]SnbpÅXpamb 12.40 BÀ \ne¯nÂ, {]kvXpX \new cq]m´cs¸Sp¯pI F¶ Dt±iyt¯msS X­t¸À I£nbmb Xm¦Ä Ct¶ Znhkw 12 Iyq_nIv aoäÀ km[mcW a®v Iq\bmbn \nt£]n¨n«pÅXmWv. Xm¦fpsS {]kvXpX {]hr¯n 2008 se tIcf s\Âhb X®oÀ¯S kwc£W \nba¯nse 3þmw hIp¸nsâ ewL\amIbm {]kvXpX cq]m´cs¸Sp¯Â A\phZ\obasöpw Cu t\m«oknsâ ssI¸än 48 aWn¡qdn\Iw {]kvXpX a®v \o¡w sNt¿­XmsW¶papÅ hnhcw CXn\m Adnbn¡p¶p. Cu t\m«oknse \nÀt±i§Ä \ncmIcn¡p¶ ]£w BbXv Hcp {Inan\ Ipäambncn¡p¶Xpw 2008 se tIcf s\Âhb X®oÀ¯S kwc£W \nba¯nse 23þmw hIp¸p {]ImcapÅ IpäØm]\¯n\mbn Xm¦Äs¡Xnsc t{]mknIyqj³ \S]SnIÄ kzoIcn¡p¶Xpambncn¡pw. H¸v/BXssdkvUv Hm^okÀ & hntÃPv Hm^okÀ //Hm^okv ap{Z// kzoIÀ¯mhv {io. kqtcjv _m_p A¼mSnbn sN¦hnf ImtcmSv. ]n.H 332. alkÀ AYhm ]©\maþ (1) dh\yq tIkpIfpambn _Ôs¸« \S]SnIfn Hgn¨pIqSm\mIm¯ H¶mWv alkÀ. dh\yq tIkpIfn Øe]cntim[\tbm At\zjWtam \S]SnItfm \S¯p¶ DtZymKØÀ X§fpsS \oco£W§fpsSbpw At\zjW§fpsSbpw \S]SnIfpsSbpw kXymhØ sXfnbn¡p¶Xn\pth­n X¿mdm¡p¶ hnizk\obamb tcJIfmWnh. 1872 se C³Uy³ sXfnhp \nba¯nse 157þmw hIp¸v {]Imcw tImSXn ap¼msI ]n¶oSpÅ km£ns¯fnhn\v km£nbpsS AtX hkvXpX kw_Ôn¨pÅ ap³ {]kvXmh\IÄ km[phmsW¶Xn\m dh\yq tIkpIfn tImSXn ap¼msIbpÅ hnNmcW thfIfn hnes¸« sXfnhp IqSnbmWv alkÀ AYhm ]©\ma. Xm³ ssIImcyw sNbvX Hcp dh\yq tIkns\ kw_Ôn¨v ]n¡me¯v GsX¦nepw tImSXnbn samgn sImSpt¡­ kµÀ`w h¶m Xsâ HmÀ½ ]pXp¡p¶Xn\pw tImSXnbn icnbmwh®w samgn \ÂIp¶Xn\pw


alkÀ klmbIamWv. AXmbXv tImSXn \S]SnIfnÂ, alkÀ X¿mdm¡p¶ DtZymKØsâbpw alkÀ km£nIfpsSbpw hmbvsamgn sXfnhpIÄ kaÀ°n ¡p¶Xn\v alkÀ Hcp Dt]mXv_eI sXfnhmbn D]tbmKn¡mhp¶XmWv. (2) `qan]Xnhv, dh\yq dn¡hdnbpambn _Ôs¸« P]vXnIÄ/tee \S]SnIÄ, `qan hns«mgnbÂ, `qan ssIamäw, s]m¶pwhne \S]SnIÄ, `qanbpsS A\[nIr X ]c nhÀ¯ \w , A\[nIr X {] hÀ ¯\§Ä¡p ]tbmKn¨ hkvXphIIÄ ssIhi¯nseSp¡Â F¶p XpS§nb H«\h[n \S]SnIfpsS `mKamb n hntà Pv D tZ ymKØ À alkd pIÄ X¿ md mt¡­Xp ­v. Øe]cntim[\sb kw_Ôn¨v Øe]cntim[\ \S¯p¶ DtZyKØ\pw XSkÀamcpw `qanbn I­ Imcy§fpsS Hcp hnhcWamWv alkÀ. (3) alkÀ \S]SnIÄ Bcw`n¡p¶ Ahkc¯n Xs¶ \S]SnItfm At\zjWtam \S¯p¶ DtZymKØs\m¸w XSØÀamcpw lmPcmtI­XmWv. kao]hmknIfpw _lpam\ycpw 1875 se C³Uy³ {]mb]qÀ¯n \nba¯n hyhØ sNbvX n«pff {]Imcw {]mb]qÀ¯nbmbhcpw kzØ_p²nIfpw hnizkv X cpamb c­n Ipdbm¯ BfpIfmIWw km£nIfmtI­Xv . t\m«okpIfnteXpt]mse Xs¶ \nba¯nsâtbm N«¯nsâtbm t]cv, {]kvXpX \nba¯nsetbm N«¯nsetbm {]kàamb hIp¸v AYhm N«w F¶nh alkdn kqNn¸n¨ncn¡Ww. \S]SnIfpsS `mKambn alkdnse Hmtcm hnhcWhpw XSkÀ IqSn t_m[ys¸«mIWw tcJs¸Spt¯­Xv. AXmbXv hr£§fpsS AfhpItfm \o¡w sNbvX a®nsâtbm ]mdbpsStbm AfhpItfm tNÀt¡­nhcpt¼mÄ bYmÀ°¯nepÅ AfhpIÄ Xn«s¸Sp¯p¶Xv XSØsd t_m[ys¸Sp¯ns¡m­v Xs¶bmbncn¡Wsa¶À°w. (4) FÃm alkdpIfpw Bcw`n¡p¶Xv Øe]cntim[\tbm \S]Sntbm \S¯p¶ XobXnbpw kabhpw tcJs¸Sp¯ns¡m­mIWw.XpSÀ¶v BZy JÞnIbn Xs¶ F´mhiy¯ntebv¡mbn alkÀ X¿mdm¡p¶psh¶Xpw tcJs¸Sp¯Ww. Øe]cntim[\m alkdmWv X¿mdm¡p¶sX¦n XpSÀ¶pÅ JÞnIbnÂ, `qanbn F¯n¨cp¶Xn\pÅ amÀ¤w, FepIIÄ, `q anb psS hnkvXoÀ ®w, C\w, Xc w, kÀtÆ hnhc §Ä F¶ nhb pw ssIhi¯nsâtbm tZlÞ§fptStbm Nab§fpsStbm hnhc§fpw alkÀ \S]SnIÄ GXp \nbas¯ ASnØm\s¸Sp¯nbmtWm X¿mdm¡p¶Xv B \nba¯nsâ t]cpw {]kà hIp¸nsâtbm N«¯nsâtbm \¼cpw Hs¡bmWv ]cmaÀint¡­Xv. \S]Sn AYhm At\zjW hnhc§Ä tNÀ¯ tijw alkdnsâ Dt±iyw kqNn¸n¨psIm­pw alkÀ \S]SnIÄ Ahkm\n¸n¨ kabw tcJs¸Sp¯ns¡m­pw alkÀ FgpXn ]qÀ¯nbm¡mhp¶XmWv . C¯c¯n FgpXn ]qÀ¯oIcn¨ tijw NphsS CSXp `mK¯mbn H¶v, c­v F¶v {Iaambn XSØÀamcpsS t]cv, hbkv, taÂhnemkw, Xncn¨dnb tcJ F¶nh tcJs¸Sp¯pIbpw Ahscs¡m­v alkÀ km£ys¸Sp¯n¡pIbpw sNt¿­XmWv.XSØÀ km£ys¸Sp¯nbXn\v NphsS heXp`mK¯mbn alkÀ 211


X¿mdm¡nb DtZymKس t]cpw HutZymKnI Øm\t¸cpw tNÀ¯v H¸p hbvt¡­XmWv. \S]Sn \S¯p¶ AYhm ]cntim[\ \S¯p¶ DtZymKس am{XamIWw alkdn H¸v tcJs¸Spt¯­Xv . F¶m GsX¦nepw taeptZymKØÀ alkÀ \S]SnIfn k¶nlnXcmsW¦n alkÀ X¿mdm¡nb DtZymKØsâ H¸n\p NphsSbmbn AhÀ¡v tasem¸v hbv¡mhp¶XmWv. (5) alkdn sh«pXncp¯pIÄ Ignbp¶Xpw Hgnhmt¡­XmWv. F¶m A\nhmcyamb Ahkc§fn sh«pXncp¯pIÄ hcp¯p¶ ]£w {]kvXpX `mK§fn XSØÀamÀ H¸p tNÀ¯v km£ys¸Sp¯nbncn¡Ww. alkÀ X¿mdm¡pt¼mÄ Bhiyamb ]IÀ¸pIÄ X¿mdm¡m³ hntÃPv Hm^okÀ {i²nt¡­XmWv. alkdnsâ Hcp {]Xn `qhpSabv¡v AYhm _Ôs¸« I£n¡v \ÂtI­Xp­v. C{]Imcw I£n¡v alkdnsâ ]IÀ¸v ssIamdpt¼mÄ ssI¸äv hnhcw alkdnsâ Aken F³tUmgvkv sNbvXv I£nbpsS H¸v tcJs¸Sp¯n hmt§­XmWv. PwKa P]vXn, hkvXphIIÄ A[o\XbnseSp¡Â (Seizure) F¶o Ahkc§fn P]vX n sNbv X tXm ssIhi¯nseSp¯tXm Bb hkvXp¡Ä FhnsSbmWv kq£n¡p¶sX¶ hnhcw alkdnsâ adp]pd¯v tcJs¸Spt¯­Xpw alkÀ X¿mdm¡nb DtZymKس B hnhcw km£ys¸Spt¯­XpamWv. alkdnsâ Hcp amXrI NqhsS tNÀ¯ncn¡p¶p:

alkÀ c­mbnc¯n¸Xns\«mam­v P\phcn amkw 13þmw XobXn sImÃw Xmeq¡n Cchn]pcw hntÃPn t»m¡v \¼À 27  dokÀsh 215/2---  s¸« 22.40 BÀ kÀ¡mÀ ]pdt¼m¡v `qanbn It¿äw \S¯nbn«pffXv kw_Ôn¨v \mfXv XSØsdm¶n¨v Øew Xn«w hcp¯n X¿mdm¡p¶ alkÀ. alkÀ \S]SnIÄ cmhnse 10.20 aWn¡v Bcw`n¨n«pÅXmWv . It¿dnbn«pff Øew Cchn]pcw hntÃPnse t»m¡v \¼À 27 Âs¸«Xpw dokÀsÆ \¼À 215/2 Âs¸«Xpamb dh\yq hIp¸nsâ A[o\XbnepÅ ]pdt¼m¡v ØeamWv. {]kv X pX Øew Cchn]pcw PMv j \n \n¶pw hS¡p`mKt¯bv¡v a¿\mSv F¶ Øet¯bv¡pÅ tdmUn ]p¯³N´ PMvj\n Cchn]pcw kÀ¡mÀ lbÀ sk¡âdn kvIqfn\p sX¡mbpw tdmUn\v ]Snªmdp tNÀ¶pw ØnXn sN¿p¶ 22.40 BÀ ]pdt¼m¡v `qanbmIp¶p. {]kvXpX `qanbpsS hS¡p Ingt¡ aqe`mKw tNÀ¶v 6.0 BÀ `qan Cchn]pcw hntÃPn hmf¯pwK Icbn Ncphnf ho«n iim¦³ aI³ 61 hbkpÅ cmP³ F¶bmÄ ssIhis¸Sp¯n Xmakmhiy¯nte¡mbn Hcp sjUv \nÀ½n¨n«pÅXmWv. Sn It¿dnb `qanbpsS hS¡p`mKw kÀ¡mÀ lbÀsk¡âdn k-I v qfpw Ing¡p`mKw Cchn]pcwþa¿\mSv tdmUpw sX¡pw ]Snªmdpw `mK§fnÂ


kÀ¡mÀ ]pdt¼m¡pamIp¶p. 2018þmam­v P\phcn amkw 12þmw XobXnbmWv Snbm³ Sn Øe¯v A\[nIrX {]thi\w \S¯n sjUv \nÀ½mWw \S¯nbn«pÅXv. \nÀ½mWw ]qÀ¯nbmb sjUn\v 4 aoäÀ \ofhpw 2 aoäÀ hoXnbpapÅXpw hi§Ä ]eIIÄ sIm­v AS¨pd¸m¡nbn«pÅXpw ta¡qc Aeqan\nbw joäp]tbmKn¨v ad¨n«pÅXpamWv. \mfXv Sn It¿ä¡mc³ `mcybpw c­v ssa\Àamcmb Ip«nIfpsam¶n¨v Sn sjUn Xmakn¨p hcp¶p. Sn sjUÃmsX {]kvXpX `qanbn aäv FSp¸pItfm Nab§tfm \«ptZlÞ§tfm CÃm¯XmWv. hoSp \nÀ½n¡p¶ Bhiy¯ntebv¡mbn Snbm³ {]kvXpX ]pdt¼m¡v `qanbn \n¶pw 4 aoäÀ \of¯nepw 6 aoäÀ hoXnbnepw Hcp aoäÀ Bg¯nepw km[mcW a®v \o¡w sNbv X n«pÅXmWv . Snbmsâ ta {]hr¯nIÄ 1957 se tIcfm `qkwc£W \nba¯nse A©v, Bdv, hIp¸pIfpsS ewL\amIbm It¿ä¡mcs\ Hgn¸n¡p¶Xn\pw aäp \nbam\pkrX t{]mknIyqj³ \S]SnIÄ kzoIcn¡p¶Xnte¡pambn Øe¯v {]thin¨v ]cntim[\ \S¯nbn«pÅXmWv. alkÀ \S]SnIÄ cmhnse 11.30 aWn¡v Ahkm\n¨p. C{]Imcw alkÀ X¿mdm¡nbXn\v XSØÀ: 1)

IrjvWIpamÀ (51 hbkv) S/o inhcmP³, ]pXph ]p¯³ hoSv, a¿\mSv (B[mÀ \¼À þxxxx xxxx xxxx) hmbn¨p tI«p icn. H¸v/-þ

2)

apl½Zv Aen (34 hbkv) S/o jmPlm³, Bªnen¸d¼nÂ, Cchn]pcw. (Ce£³ Xncn¨dnb ImÀUv \¼À þ xxxx xxxx xxxx) hmbn¨p tI«p icn. H¸v/-þ alkÀ X¿mdm¡nb hntÃPv Hm^okÀ H¸v/än. lcojv hntÃPv Hm^okÀ, Cchn]pcw.

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213


A²ymbwþ30

P\\ acW cPnkvt{Sj³ 333. P\\tam acWtam \S¶v Hcp hÀj¯n\pÅn cPnÌÀ sN¿s¸Sm¯ tIkpIfn A¯cw P\\tam acWtam cPnÌÀ sNbvXp \ÂIp¶Xn\pÅ D¯chv ]pds¸Sphn¡p¶Xn\pÅ A[nImcw, 1969 se P\\ acW cPnkvt{Sj³ BÎv sk£³ 13(3) {]Imcw, ^Ìv ¢mkv aPnkvt{Sän\mWpÅXv. tIcf¯n C{]Imcw, k_v UnhnjW aPnkvt{Sämb RDO bv¡mWv sshInbpÅ P\\tam acWtam cPnÌÀ sN¿p¶Xn\pÅ A\paXn \ÂIm\pÅ A[nImcw. CXn\pth­n dh\yq UnhnjW Hm^okÀ¡v e`n¡p¶ At]£Ifnt·Â At\zjWw \S¯ n dnt¸ mÀ «v sN¿ p¶ Xn\p Å Np aXeb mWv hntÃPm^okÀ¡pÅXv. P\\ cPnkvt{Sjsâ Imcy¯n amXm]nXm¡fpsS ØncXmak Øes¯ Xt±i kzbw`cW Øm]\§fn {]kvXpX P\\w cPnÌÀ sNbv X n«nà F¶pd¸phcp¯p¶Xn\p th­n _Ôs¸« Xt±i kzbw`cW Øm]\§fn \n¶pÅ km£y]{Xw ]cntim[n¨v P\\w FhnsS h¨v Ft¸mÄ \S¶p F¶Xp kw_Ôn¨ amXm]nXm¡fpsS samgnbpw Ip«nbpsS P\\ kab¯v 18 hbkv ]qÀ¯nbm¡nbn«pÅXpw {]kvXpX P\\w \S¶Xp kw_Ôn¨v hyàamb AdnhpÅhcpamb _Ôp¡fÃm¯ c­v Ab¡mcpsS tamgnbpw tiJcn¨v {]mtZinImt\zjWw \S¯nbmWv CXn\pÅ dnt¸mÀ«v hntÃPm^okÀ X¿mdmt¡­Xv. 334. sshInbpÅ acW cPnkvt{Sjsâ Imcy¯nÂ, acWw \S¶Xv GXp hntÃPv ]cn[nbnemsW¶v Dd¸p hcpt¯­Xv {][m\amWv. tPmen kw_Ôamb atäm DÅ Bhiy§Ä¡pth­n aäpØe§fn Bbncns¡ acWs¸«n«pÅ tIkpIfnÂ, acWw FhnsS h¨mWv \S¶Xv F¶ Imcyw {][m\amWv. BbXn\m C¯cw tIkpIfn IpSpw_mwK§fpsSbpw Ab¡mcpsSbpw samgn tc Js¸Sp¯ n {] mtZinImt\z jWw \S¯nbmWv d nt¸mÀ« v X¿mdmt¡­XmWv.

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A²ymbwþ31

hntÃPm^okn {]ZÀin¸nt¡­ t_mÀUpIfpw t\m«okpIfpw 335. hntÃPm^okpIfn \n¶pw ]uc\p e`n¡p¶ hnhn[ tkh\§Ä, Hm^okv {]hÀ¯\§Ä F¶nh kw_Ôn¨v P\§Ä¡v hnhcw \ÂIp¶Xn\p th­n hnhn[Xcw t_mÀUpIfpw t\m«okpIfpw hntà tPm^okn {]ZÀin¸nt¡­XmWv. 336. ssI¸äv ckoXv kw_Ôn¨ t_mÀUvþ hntÃPv Hm^okn e`n¡p¶ FÃm¯cw At]£IÄ/ ]cmXn / \nthZ\w F¶nhbv¡v Ah In«nbmepS³ ssI¸äv ckoXv \ÂIp¶XmWv F¶Xp kw_Ôn¨v 46 sk.ao. x 76 sk.ao. he n¸ ¯nep Å Hc p t_ mÀ Uv X¿mdm¡n hntÃP v Hm^o kn {]ZÀin¸nt¡­XmWv. t_mÀUnse DÅS¡¯nsâ amXrI NphsS tNÀ¡p¶p. “Cu Hm^okn s]mXpP\§Ä \ÂIp¶ ]cmXn / \nthZ\w / At]£ F¶nhbv¡v Ah In«nbmepS³ ckoXv \ÂIp¶XmWv. CXn\mbn ............. s\ NpaXes¸Sp¯nbn«p­v. ckoXv bYmkabw e`n¡m¯]£w Xmsg¸dbp¶ DtZymKØ\pambn _Ôs¸tS­XmWv.” (Hm^okv ta[mhnbpsS / _Ôs¸« DtZymKØsâ DtZymt¸cv) 336. tkh\mhImi \nba{]ImcapÅ t_mÀUvþ tkh\mhImi \nba {]Imcw hnÚm]\w sNbv X n«pÅ tkh\§Ä kw_Ôn¨ FÃm hnhc§fpw ImWn¡p¶ t_mÀUv hntÃPm^okn {]ZÀin¸nt¡­XmWv. C{]Imcw {]ZÀin¸n¡p¶ t_mÀUn Hmtcm tkh\hpw e`n¡p¶Xn\p \nÝbn¨n«pÅ kab]cn[n, At]£tbmsSm¸w kaÀ¸nt¡­ tcJIÄ, tkh\w \ÂIm³ NpaXes¸Sp¯nbn«pÅ DtZymKس, H¶mw A¸o A[nImcn, c­mw A¸o 215


A[nImcn F¶nh kw_Ôn¨ hnhc§fpw, tkh\mhImi N«§Ä {]ImcapÅ t^md§fpsS amXrIbpw DÄs¸Sp¯nbncn¡Ww. 337. hnhcmhImi \nba{]ImcapÅ t_mÀUvþ hnhcmhImi \nba {]Imcw NpaXes¸Sp¯nbn«pÅ hntÃPm^oknse tÌäv ]»nIv C³^Àtaj³ Hm^okÀ, AknÌâ v tÌäv ]»nIv C³^Àtaj³ Hm^okÀ, A¸oe[nImcn F¶nhcpsS t]cpw HutZymKnI ]Zhnbpw HutZymKnI taÂhnemkhpw t^m¬ \¼cp w hyàam¡p¶ t_mÀUv \nÝnX Af hnep w he p¸ ¯nep w {]ZÀin¸nt¡­XmWv. 338. ]Whpw ]mcntXmjnIhpw Bhiys¸SpItbm ssI¸äpItbm sN¿cpXv F¶Xp kw_Ôn¨ t_mÀUvþ hntÃPm^okn \n¶papÅ tkh\§Ä¡v ]Wtam ]mcntXmjnItam Bhiys¸Sp¶Xpw ssI¸äp¶Xpw IpäIcamsW¶p ImWn¨psIm­pw A¯cw {]hr¯nIÄ {i²bnÂs¸«m Adnbnt¡­ hnPne³kv A[nImcnbpsS ta hnemkw, t^m¬ \¼À F¶nh DÄs¡mÅn¨p sIm­papÅ t_mÀUv hntÃtPm^okn {]ZÀin¸nt¡­XmWv. 339. Hm^okv kabw kw_Ôn¨ t_mÀUvþ Hm^okv {]hÀ¯\ kabw, D¨`£W¯n\pff CSthf F¶nhbpsS hniZmwi§Ä tcJs¸Sp¯nb Hcp t_mÀUv FÃm hntÃPv Hm^okpIfnepw {]ZÀin¸nt¡­XmWv. 340. apJya{´nbpsS ZpcnXmizmk \n[n kw_Ôn¨ t_mÀUvþ apJya{´nbpsS ZpcnXmizmk \n[nbnÂ\n¶pw GsXms¡ Bhiy§Ä¡mWv [\klmbw A\phZn¡p¶sX¶pw CXn\pff hcpam\ ]cn[n, aäp]m[nIÄ F¶nh F s´ms¡b msW¶ pw hyàam¡p ¶ t_ mÀ Uv hntÃtPm^o kn {]ZÀin¸nt¡­XmWv. 341. t\m«okv t_mÀUvþ hntÃtPm^okÀ Xs¶ ]pds¸Sphn¡p¶tXm aäp kÀ¡mÀ Øm]\§fn \n¶pw \nbam\pkrXw ]ckys¸Sp¯mt\m Bhiys¸ «p e `n¡p ¶tXm B b Fà m t\m« okpIfp w bY mhn[n ]ckys¸Sp¯p¶Xnte¡mbn hntÃtPm^okn Hcp t\m«okv t_mÀUv D­mbncnt¡­XmWv.

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A²ymbwþ32

ASbmf klnXw ]IÀ¸pIÄ A\phZn¡Â 342. hntÃPv B^okÀ ]pds¸Sphn¨n«pÅ GsX¦nepw dnt¸mÀ«nsâtbm tcJIfpsStbm \S]Sn {Ia§fpsStbm km£y]{X§fpsStbm ASbmf klnXw ]IÀ¸n\mbn \nbam\pkrXw e`n¡p¶ At]£Ifn ta \S]Sn kzoIcn¡p¶Xn\pw km[yambhbn ]IÀ¸v A\phZn¡p¶Xn\pw hntÃPv Hm^okÀ _m[yØ\mWv. Bhiyamb ^okv, ap{Z¸{X§Ä F¶nh klnXw e`n¡p¶ At]£Ifn \yq\Xbps­¦n Bbh 7 Znhk¯n\pÅn ]cnlcn¡m\mhiys¸«v XncnsI \ÂtI­Xpw {]kvXpX kab]cn[n¡pÅn ]p\:kaÀ¸n¡m¯ At]£IÄ \ncknt¡­XpamWv. At]£n¨n«pÅ {]amW§fpsS ]IÀ¸pIÄ G¸n¨n«pÅ ap{Z¸{X§fn X¿mdm¡n BbXpw D]tbmKn¡m¯ GsX¦nepw ap{Z¸{X§fps­¦n BbXpw At]£I\v XncnsI \ÂtI­XmWv . 12 amk§Ä¡pÅn At]£I³ ]IÀ¸v ssI¸änbnsæn BbXv \in¸nt¡­Xpw D]tbmKn¨n«nÃm¯ ap{Z¸{X§Ä Ds­¦n B bh Gähpw ASp ¯ {Sjd n B^okÀ¡v Ab¨psImSpt¡­XpamWv. 343. ^oknsâ \nÀ®bwþ (1) ]IÀ¸n\pÅ NmÀÖpIÄ ap{Z¸{X§fpsS cq]¯n Bhiys¸Smw. 175 Cw¥ojv hm¡pIÄ¡v AsænÂ, 125 aebmfw/ Xangv/I¶U hm¡pIÄ¡v Hcp cq] \nc¡nemWv ^okv IW¡mt¡­Xv. A©v A¡§sf Hcp hm¡n\v Xpeyambn IW¡mt¡­Xpw aebmf¯ntem Xangntem I¶Ubntem DÅ hm¡pItfmSv tNÀ¶pÅ sNdnb Gä¡pd¨nepItfbpw tNÀ¯v Hä hm¡mbn IW¡m¡mhp¶XmWv . ap{Z¸{X§Ä¡v ]Icw apgp\of shÅ¡Semkn aXnbmb tImÀ«v ^okv Ìms¼m«n¨pw lmPcm¡mhp¶XmWv. 217


ap{Z¸{X¯n ]IÀ¸pIÄ X¿mdm¡p¶Xn\v _m[Iamb N«§Ä BbXn\pw _m[Iambncn¡pw. ]IÀ¸pIfpsS t^mt«mÌmäv tIm¸nIÄ¡v t]sPm¶n\v Hcp cq] A³]Xv ss]k tImÀ«v ^okv Ìm¼pIfpsS cq]¯n CuSm¡n A\phZn¡mhp¶XmWv. (2) tcJIfpsS ]IÀ¸pIÄ \ÂIpt¼mÄ Hmtcm {]kvXmh\, IW¡v, dnt¸mÀ«v , lÀPn, D¯chv apXembhsb Hmtcm {]tXyI {]amWambn IW¡mt¡­Xp w Ahbp sS ] IÀ ¸v {]tXyI ap {Z ¸{X§fn X¿mdmt¡­XpamWv. ]IÀ¸pIÄ¡pth­n ap{Z¸{X§Ä lmPcm¡p¶ I£n, Xm³ lmPcm¡nbn«pÅ ap{Z¸{X§fpsS F®w At]£bn FgptX­Xpw BbXv ssI¸änb DtZymKس ckosX¶ \nebn BbXn Xsâ Npcps¡m¸pw XobXnbpw tcJs¸Spt¯­XpamWv. (3) A\phZn¡p¶ ASbmf klnXw ]IÀ¸nsâ Ahkm\ t]Pn\p ]pd¯v Hm^oknsâ t]cv, tIknsâ / ^bensâ \¼cpw hÀjhpw, At]£Isâ t]cv, At]£m XobXn, ]IÀ¸v X¿mdmb XobXn, ]IÀ¸v kzoIcn¡m³ \nÀt±iw \ÂInb XobXn, ]IÀ¸v \ÂInb XobXn, A\phZn¡p¶ DtZymKØsâ t]cpw H¸pw F¶nh tcJs¸Sp¯nbncn¡Ww.

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A²ymbwþ33

kvt^mSIhkvXp \nba{]Imcapff \S]SnIÄ 344. PnÃm aPnkv t {SäpamÀ A\phZn¡p¶ ssek³kpIÄþ kvt ^mSI hkvX p¡fpsS \nÀ½mWw, kq£n¡Â, D]tbmKw, hn]W\w, hnXcWw, IbäpaXn, Cd¡paXn apXembh \nb{´n¡p¶Xv 1884 se kvt^mSI \nbaw, 1908 tem kvt^mSI hkvXp \nbaw, 2008 se kvt^mSI N«§Ä F¶nhbnse hyhØIÄ ASnØm\am¡nbmWv. 2008 se kvt^mSI N«§Ä sjUyqÄþ4  ]cmaÀin¡p¶ kvt^mSI ssek³kpIfn ,Xmsg ]dbp¶ ssek³kpIÄ A\phZn¡phm\pÅ A[nImcw PnÃm aPnkvt{Säpamcn \n£n]vXambncn¡p¶p. (1) LE-1- ssek³kv:þ 15 Intem{Kman IhnbmsXbpÅ ]S¡§Ä, shSnacp¶v F¶nhbpsS \nÀ½mW¯n\v A\phZn¡p¶ ssek³kv. (2) LE-2- ssek³kvþ IXn\IfpsS \nÀ½mW¯n\v Htc kabw 1.5 Intem{Kmw shSnacp¶v ssIhiw hbv¡p¶Xn\pw, Htc kabw 200 F®¯n IhnbmsX IXn\IÄ ssIhiw hbv¡p¶Xn\papÅ ssek³kv. (3) LE-3-ssek³kvþ ImÀjnI Bhiy¯n\pw, sNdnb IzmdnIfpsS {]hÀ¯\¯n\pambn 25 Intem{Kman IhnbmsX ¢mkvþ1 AÃmsb¦n ¢mkv 2, AÃmsb¦n ¢mkv 3 Âs¸« kv t ^mSIhkv X p¡Ä, 1500 F®w UntämtWtägvkv, 1500 aoäÀ UntämtWäpwKv ^yqkv AÃmsb¦n tk^vän ^yqkv F¶nh Htc kabw amKkn\n kq£n¨v D]tbmKn¡p¶Xn\pÅ ssek³kv. (4) LE-4-ssek³kvþ InWÀ Ipgn¡p¶ Bhiy¯ntebv¡v ¢mkv 2, AÃmsb¦n ¢mkvþ3 Âs¸« 25 Intem{Kman Ihnbm¯ kvt^mSI hkvXp¡Ä, 200 F®w Ce{ÎnIv AÃmsb¦n km[mcW UntämtWtägvkv, 100 aoädn Ihnbm¯ UntämtWänwKv ^yqkv AÃmsb¦n tk^vän ^yqkv F¶nh Iw{]kÀ LSn¸n¨ tamt«mÀ {S¡ntem, {SmÎdntem kq£n¨v sIm­pt]mIp¶Xn\pÅ ssek³kv. (5) LE-5 ssek³kvþ 25 Intem{Kman IhnbmsX sNdp kvt ^mSI hkvXp¡Ä (Small arms nitro compounds- nitro-compound adapted and intended exclusively for use in cart ridges for small arms) ISb n kq£ n¨v hn¡p¶Xn\mbn AÃmsb¦n 100 Intem{Kman IhnbmsX ¢mkv 7, Unhnj³þ2. k_v Unhnj³þ2, Âs¸« \nÀ½nX ]S¡§fpw, 500 Intem{Kmw ssN\okv ]S¡§tfm, I¼n¯ncnItfm Htc kabw ISbn kq£n¨v 219


hn¡p¶Xn\mbn AÃmsb¦n 2000 F®¯n IhnbmsX ¢mkvþ6 Unhnj³þ1 Âs¸« pyrotechnic device explosives (Icnacp¶v {]tbmK¯n\v D]tbmKn¡p¶ kv t ^mSI hkv X p¡fpsS kwhn[m\w) Htc kabw ISbn kq£n¨v hn¡p¶Xn\mbn AÃmsb¦n 5 Intem{Kmw shSnacp¶pw 50 aoädn IhnbmsX tk^vän ^yqkpw kq£n¨v D]tbmKn¡p¶Xn\mbn AÃmsb¦n 5 Intem{Kman IhnbmsX sNdp kvt^mSI hkvXp¡Ä (Small-arms nictro compound) kq£n¨v D]tbmKn¡p¶Xn\v A\phZn¡p¶ ssek³kv. (6) LE-6- shSns¡«v {]ZÀi\¯n\mbn kvt^mSI hkvXp¡Ä kq£n¨v D]tbmKn¡p¶Xn\pÅ ssek³kv: 345. \ncmt£]km£y]{X§Äþ (1) ta¸dª ssek³kpIÄ IqSmsX Nn^v I¬t{SmfÀ AÃs¦n No^v I¬t{SmfÀ A[nImcs¸Sp¯nb I¬t{SmfÀ Hm^v FI-vkvt¹mkohv A\phZn¡p¶ LE-3(b), LE 3(c), LE-3 (d), LE-5(f), LE7, LE-9 ssek³kpIÄ A\phZn¡p ¶Xn\mhiyamb \ncmt£ ] km£y]{Xhpw AwKoIcn¨ ¹m\pw PnÃm aPnkvt{SäpamÀ A\phZnt¡­XmWv. ]S¡ \nÀ½mW ssek³kpIÄ/\ncmt£] km£y]{X§Ä F¶nh A\phZn¡p¶Xpambn _Ôs¸«v hntÃPm^okpIfn \n¶pw Abbv¡p¶ dnt¸mÀ«pIfn Xmsg ]dbp¶ hkvXpXIÄ DÄs¸Sp¯nbncn¡Ww. F.

\nÀ±nã ]S¡ \nÀ½mW bqWnäv ØnXn sN¿p¶ `qanbpsS hntÃPv tcJIÄ {]ImcapÅ hnhc§Ä.

_n.

`qanbpsS DSaØmhImiw, ssIhimhImiw, At]£Isâ hnhcw.

kn.

]S¡ \nÀ½mW bqWnänse Akwk-vIrX hkvXp¡Ä kq£n¡p¶ sjUv, ]S¡ \nÀ½mW sjUv, DW¡ {]hÀ¯\¯n\pÅ ¹mävt^mw, \nÀ½n¨ ]S¡§Ä kw`cn¡p¶ amKkn³ F¶nh X½nepw ]S¡ \nÀ½mW bqWnäpw kao]hmkKrl§Ä, sslth, tdmUv, sdbnÂsh, hnam\¯mhfw, PeKXmKXtbmKyamb \ZnIÄ, ]pgIÄ, s]mXpP\§Ä kt½fn¡p¶ Øe§Ä, tImtfPv, k-vIqÄ, Bip]{XnIÄ, XntbädpIÄ, IS, amÀ¡äpIÄ, ^mÎdnIÄ, Bcm[\meb§Ä, A]ISIcamb hkvXp¡Ä kq£n¡p¶ Øe§Ä, AWs¡«pIÄ, Pekw`cWnIÄ, sshZyqXn sse\pIÄ, aäv ]S¡ \nÀ½mW bqWnäpIÄ F¶nh X½nepw \nbam\pkrXamb AIew ]men¡p¶pt­m F¶o hnhc§Ä.

Un. ]S¡ \nÀ½mW bqWnäntebv¡v Ffp¸¯n F¯nt¨cmhp¶ hn[¯n KXmKX tbmKyamb tdmUv (Free access to the licensed


premises) \nehnept­m. C. ] S¡ \nÀ ½mW GÀs¸Sp¯nbn«pt­m

bq WnänÂ

kp c£ m

kw hn[m\§Ä

(2) ta¸dª hnhc§Ä DÄs¸Sp¯nb dnt¸mÀ«nt\msSm¸w \nÀ±nã ]S¡bqWnäv ØnXn sN¿p¶ `qanbpsS _n.Sn.BÀ, X­t¸À cPnÌÀ, sskäv ¹m³, semt¡j³ am¸v, alkÀ F¶nh DÄs¸Sp¯nbncn¡Ww. (3) ] S¡ hn ¸\ sse k³knsâ At] £IÄ kw _Ô n¨v hntÃPm^okpIfn \n¶pw Abbv¡p¶ dnt¸mÀ«pIfn \nÀ±nã ]S¡¡SbpsS DSaØmhImiw, ssIhimhImiw, sI«nS \¼À, ]S¡ IS ØnXn sN¿p¶ `qanbpsS hntÃPv tcJIÄ {]ImcapÅ hnhc§Ä, 2008 se kvt^mSI N«§Ä N«w 83(1) (2) (3) (4), 86(3), 87, 88 F¶nh {]ImcapÅ hyhØIÄ ]men¡p ¶p t­m Xp S§nb hnhc§fp w se mt¡j³ am¸p w DÄs¸Sp¯nbncn¡Ww. DÕh kokWpIfn XmXv¡menIambn A\phZn¡p¶ ]S¡ hn¸\ ssek³kpIfpsS Imcy¯n 2008 se kvt^mSI N«§Ä N«w 84 {]ImcapÅ hyhØIÄ ASnØm\am¡n thWw dnt¸mÀ«v X¿mdmt¡­Xv. (4) amKkn³ \nÀ½mW ssek³kpIfpsS Imcy¯n hntÃPm^okpIfn \n¶ pw Abb v¡p¶ d nt¸mÀ« pIfn Xmsg ] db p¶ hkvXp XIÄ DÄs¸Sp¯nbncn¡Ww. F.

At]£Isâ hnhcw.

_n.

\nÀ±nã `qanbpsS hntÃPv tcJIÄ {]ImcapÅ hniZmwi§Ä.

kn.

\nÀ±nã `qanbpsS \nbam\pkrX ssIhimhImihpw, DSaØmhImihpw.

Un.

2008 se kvt^mSI N«§Ä N«w þ2(1) (42)  \nÀ½n¡p¶ Protected Works  \n¶pw \nÀ±nã amKkn³ 45 aoäÀ kpc£nX AIew ]men¡p¶pt­m? 100 aoäÀ ]cn[nbv¡pÅn hcp¶ protected works sâ hniZhnhc§Ä.

C.

\nÀ±nã amKkn\n \nbam\pkrX kpc£m kwhn[m\§Ä GÀs¸Sp¯nbn«pt­m F¶pÅ hnhcw.

F^v.

\nÀ±nã amKkn\ntebv¡v KXmKXtbmKyamb hgnbpt­m F¶pÅ hnhcw

Pn.

amKknsâ \nÀ½mW¯nsâ Dt±ihpw, amKkn³ \nÀ½mWw kw_Ôn¨pÅ s]mXpP\XmXv¸cyhpw.

(5) apIfn ]dª hnhc§tfmsSm¸w At]£m `qanbpsS _n.Sn.BÀ 221


]IÀ¸pw F^v.Fw._n semt¡j³ am¸v, \nÀ±nã amKknsâ 100 aoäÀ Npäfhn hcp¶ protected works DÄs¸Sp¯ns¡m­pÅ sskäv ¹m³, alkÀ F¶nh IqSn DÄs¸Sp¯n dnt¸mÀ«v kaÀ¸n¡Ww. shSns¡«v {]ZÀi\¯n\pÅ LE-6 ssek³kn\pÅ At]£IÄ kw_Ôn¨pÅ dnt¸mÀ«n Xmsg ]dbp¶ hnhc§Ä DÄs¸Sp¯nbncn¡Ww. F.

shSns¡«v {]ZÀi\w \S¯phm³ Dt±in¡p¶ Øew, kabw

_n.

D]tbmKn¡p¶ kvt^mSI hkvXp¡fpsS hnhchpw Afhpw

kn.

shSns¡«n\v taÂt\m«w hln¡p¶ hyànbpsS t]cv, hnemkw.

Un.

shSns¡«n\v Bhiyamb kvt^mSI hkvXp¡Ä hnXcWw sN¿p¶ hyànbpsS t]cphnhcw.

C.

shSns¡«v {]ZÀi\w \S¯phm³ Dt±in¡p¶ Øe¯nsâ 250 aoäÀ Npäfhn Bip]{XnIÄ, t\gvknwKv tlmapIÄ, k-vIqfpIÄ F¶nh DÄs¸«p hcp¶pt­m F¶pÅ hnhcw DÄs¸«phcp¶ps­¦n Xt±i kzbw`cW Øm]\§Ä, _Ôs¸« Øm]\apSa F¶nhcn \n¶pw ap³IqÀ A\paXn hm§nbn«pt­m?

F^v.

shSns¡«v {]ZÀi\w \S¡p¶ Øehpw ImgvN¡mÀ \n¡p¶ Øehpw X½n 100 aoäÀ AIew ]men¡p¶pt­m?

Pn.

shSns¡«v {]ZÀi\¯n\v D]tbmKn¡p¶ kt^mSI hkvXp¡Ä kq£n¡p¶Xn\v LE3 ssek³kv {]ImcapÅ amKkn³ At]£Isâ t]cn \nehnept­m.

F¨v.

s]mXpP\ kpc£m C³jpd³kv (Public liability Insurance)FSp¯n«pt­m?

(6) ta¸dª hnhc§tfmsSm¸w shSns¡«v {]ZÀi\w \S¡p¶ Øew, ImgvN¡mÀ \n¡p¶ Øew, kvt^mSI hkvXp¡Ä kq£n¡p¶ amKkn³ Øm]n¡p¶ Øew, 250 aoäÀ NpäfhnepÅ s]mXpØm]\§Ä, s]mXp Øe§Ä F¶nh hyàam¡p¶ sskäv ¹m³, alkÀ, \nÀ±nã `qanbpsS F^v. Fw ._ n, _ n. Sn.B À ]IÀ¸ v F¶ nh d nt¸mÀ« nt\msSm¸ w DÄs¸Sp¯nbncn¡Ww.


A²ymbwþ34

tIcf ]©mb¯v cmPv N«§Ä {]ImcapÅ hntÃPm^okdpsS NpaXeIÄ. 346. hnhc§Ä \ÂIp¶Xvþ 1996 tIcf ]©mb¯v cmPv (hntÃPm^okÀamÀ \nÀhlnt¡­ IÀ¯hy§Ä) N«§Ä 3þmw N«w A\pkcn¨v Hcp hntÃPn DÄs¸« GsX¦nepw hkvXphns\ kw_Ôn¨pÅ dnt¡mÀUpIÄ {]ImcapÅ GsXmcp hnhchpw ]©mb¯nsâ AwKoImct¯mSp IqSn tcJmaqew Bhiys¸Sm³ _Ôs¸« {Kma]©mb¯v sk{I«dn¡v A[nImcap­v . C{]Imcw Bhiys¸Sp¶ hnhc§Ä kab]cn[n¡pÅn \ÂIm³ hntÃPm^okÀ _m[yØ\mWv. F¶m kam\ambn PnÃm ]©mb¯v Bhiys¸Sp¶ hnhc§Ä _Ôs¸« XlknÂZmÀ aptJ\bmWv hntÃPm^okÀ Ab¨psImSpt¡­Xv. 347. ]©mb¯v `qanbnse It¿äw dnt¸mÀ«v sN¿Âþ ]©mb¯p hI Øe§tfm, ]©mb¯n \n£n]vXamb atäsX¦nepw Øe§tfm aäp hkvXphIItf m km[\kma{KnItf m Bsc¦ne pw A\[nIrXambn It¿dnbn«ps­¦n AXp kw_Ôn¨ ]qÀ® hnhcw _Ôs¸« {Kma]©mb¯v sk{I«dn¡v dnt¸mÀ«v sN¿m\pw Bhiys¸Sp¶ ]£w It¿ä¡msc Hgn¸n¡m³ ]©mb¯n\mhiyamb klmb§Ä sNbvXp sImSp¡m\pw hntÃPm^okÀ _m²yØ\mWv. 350. ]©mb¯v tbmK¯n ]s¦Sp¡p¶Xvþ _Ôs¸« {Kma]©mb¯v {]knUâ v XlknÂZmÀ aptJ\ tcJmaqew Bhiys¸«m hntÃPm^okÀ B ]©mb¯nsâ tbmK¯n ]s¦Spt¡­XmWv.

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Kerala Land revenue Department Village Office Procedures  

Kerala Land revenue Department Village Office Procedures

Kerala Land revenue Department Village Office Procedures  

Kerala Land revenue Department Village Office Procedures

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