Kaysville/Fruit Heights Journal | February 2022

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Feb. 2022 | Vol. 02 Iss. 02


ournals J TH E


Kaysville/Fruit Heights


INDUCTION CEREMONY CONFIRMS NEW MAYOR AND CITY COUNCIL By Cindi Mansell / c.mansell@mycityjournals.com


s the new year began, lots of changes in Kaysville City government. On January 5 the Mayor and City Council reviewed six applications for the vacated City Council position left open by Tami Tran when she won the recent Mayoral election. Each applicant had the opportunity for a short introduction, followed by a Q&A process. Questions included why an applicant felt they were qualified, how to rank five capital improvement projects in order of priority (these included a new City Recreation Center, Public Works Building Remodel, new west side Kaysville Fire Station, taking care of the power plant, and the old Library restoration projects), and how the newly adopted RAMP tax would best be utilized. Nate Jackson received the most votes to fulfill the position and a resolution appointing him to fill the vacancy for the rest of Tran’s councilmember term was unanimously adopted. The next evening, the Official Oath of Office Ceremony went off

From left are councilmember Nate Jackson, councilmember John Swan Adams, Mayor Tami Tran, Lt. Gov. Diedre Henderson,

Continued page 7 councilmember Mike Blackham, councilmember Abbigayle Hunt and councilmember Perry Oaks. Courtesy photo

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seamlessly for newly elected city officials. Lt. Governor Diedre Henderson joined City staff, former elected officials, first responders, County Commissioners, Congressman Blake Moore, interested citizens, and the Mayor and members of the City Council for the official swearing-in ceremony. Henderson administered the Oath of Office to Mayor Tami Tran, Councilmembers Abbigayle Hunt, Perry Oaks and Nate Jackson. A reception was held afterwards. Henderson is the second woman to serve as Lt. Governor in the State of Utah and gave a shout out to former Governor Olene Walker as the first. She said Walker was a big believer in service to the community and had said “leadership is the ability to get things done.” Henderson said she believed a community would be blessed and shine because of the willingness of elected officials like these to jump in, roll up their sleeves, and serve.

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Learn about notable Utah African Americans for Black History Month By Karmel Harper/k.harper@mycityjournals.com


ntil the November 2020 elections, slavery in Utah was still legal as punishment for a convicted crime. According to Article 1, Section 21, in Utah's state Constitution, "Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime, whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within this State." However, on November 3, 2020, Amendment C, which bans slavery in all forms, passed with 81% of the vote. Utah House Representative Sandra Collins, who sponsored Amendment C, said, "Our constitution serves as a basis for all of our laws and policies. We need to be clearer about what prison is for and what prison is not. The notion of 'slavery or involuntary servitude' should not be imposed on people merely because they are convicted of a crime. By passing this measure, we will assert that slavery is not a Utah value." Although slavery in Utah was not widespread, some Utah pioneers held African-American slaves until 1862, when Congress abolished slavery in all of its territories. Brigham Young sent three African-American men as part of an advance party in 1847 to clear brush, trees, and rocks to make a road for pioneer wagons. These men were Green Flake, Hark Lay, and Oscar Crosby. Their names appear on a plaque on the Brigham Young Monument in downtown Salt Lake City with the inscription: "Green Flake, Hark Lay, and Oscar Crosby, Colored Servants." Kristine Murdock, a historian, and administrator for Our Kaysville Story Facebook page, said, "After Green Flake and his wife Martha Crosby (also a slave) were freed, they settled in Salt Lake Valley. They were members of the LDS Church and very loved in the community. They are buried in the Union Cemetery in Cottonwood Heights, Utah." Some Utah slaves' stories were tragic, including one with a local angle in Kaysville. 1n 1858, when he was only three years old, Gobo Fango of the Xhosa tribe in South Africa was given to white property owners Henry and Ruth Talbot after famine afflicted the Xhosa. As members of the LDS church, in 1861, the Talbots set sail from South Africa to Boston, where they would join the gathering of saints in Salt Lake City. The Talbots smuggled Fango in a wrapped carpet, but Fango was reported to have provided entertainment and helped take care of the

Journals T H E

sheep on board once the ship set sail. After traveling west towards Utah, the Talbots eventually settled in Kaysville. According to an article by the University of Utah's Marriott Library, Fango's feet froze one year when the Talbots allegedly forced him to herd animals in bare feet. When someone suggested that one of his feet required amputation he said, he “would rather have part of a foot than none at all.” It seems that part of his heel was removed, but that doctors did not amputate his foot at the ankle. Years later, a woman reported that Fango “would place wool in his boot so that his foot would fit into it and he could walk." He left the Talbots and worked as a laborer for the Mary Ann Whitesides Hunter family, who lived in Grantsville, roughly between 1870 and 1880. He was listed as a "servant" (likely employed as such) in the 1880 U.S. Census living in Grantsville. Fango settled in the Goose Creek valley of Idaho territory by the 1880s and worked as a sheepherder. However, tensions between sheepherders and cattlemen in the area led to Fango's murder by cattleman Frank Bedke, who was acquitted. Fango, who was described as generous with a cheerful disposition, dictated his final will and testament before succumbing to his gunshot wounds. He bequeathed half of his estate ($500) to the Salt Lake Temple Construction Fund. Nearly 45 years after his death, Talbot and Hunter's family members could not find evidence of Fango's membership in the LDS church and thus performed his baptism by proxy in the Salt Lake Temple on September 20, 1930. The U of U article said, "Because Fango was a Black African, he could not be ordained to the priesthood posthumously, which would have made it possible for him to receive other LDS liturgies by proxy. As Louisa Hale wrote to a historian seeking information on Fango in 1934, 'a Negro cannot hold the priesthood. So [performing his posthumous baptism] was all we could do for him. I, of course, feel that he is more worthy than many that do hold it.'" As February is Black History Month, we honor the stories of African Americans who have shaped this country and state. l




The City Journal is a monthly publication distributed directly to residents via the USPS as well as locations throughout Kaysville and Fruit Heights For information about distribution please email brad.c@thecityjournals.com or call our offices. Rack locations are also available on our website. The views and opinions expressed in display advertisements do not necessarily reflect or represent the views and opinions held by Loyal Perch Media or the City Journals. This publication may not be reproduced in whole or in part without the express written consent of the owner. © 2019 Loyal Perch Media, Inc.

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Bryan Scott | bryan.s@thecityjournals.com


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Green Flake was one of three enslaved African Americans LDS pioneers who entered the Salt Lake Valley in 1847.

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One letter could make a big difference in the classroom By Peri Kinder | peri.k@davisjournal.com


or years, educators focused on bringing science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) concepts into K-12 classrooms, hoping to prepare students for the future. But now, adding one letter to STEM, could make a difference in how a child learns, develops and builds confidence. The STEAM concept integrates music, visual arts, theater and dance into elementary school activities and introduces creative learning opportunities. Shanda Stenger is the fine arts supervisor for Davis School District and oversees the Beverley Taylor Sorenson Arts Learning Program in the district. “I believe fine arts instruction is vital for a student’s education,” Stenger said. “It helps them gain real understanding of concepts and helps develop creativity.” BTS Arts is an arts integration program subsidized by the state that provides specialists to create curriculum based on the arts. There are three BTS Arts instructional coaches in the district, with the goal to add more. A visual arts coach, music coach and integration coach devise activities that include visual learning, music education, manual dexterity, hands-on learning, teamwork and creativity. DSD Arts Integration Instructional Coach Bethany Struthers pilots a BTS Arts program with half of her time spent at Fremont Elemen-

tary. Recently, she worked with second graders to help them understand the vocabulary of the water cycle. Struthers talked to the students about movement and how they could make their bodies describe words like evaporation and precipitation. “They created dances to help them remember the concepts,” Struthers said. “The kids were not getting the vocabulary and now they know it because they learned the movement for it.” A third grade program uses music and movement to teach fractions, and fourth graders make prehistoric art on clay tablets. In fifth grade, students learn choreography that helps them remember the branches of government. “We start in elementary and we reach students that doubt they have the understanding or experience,” Stenger said. “It doesn’t have to be talent. It’s usually constant effort and putting in a little each day. There is much healing through the arts. You can really feel and work through experiences.” During COVID, students spent a lot of time learning in front of screens, without having a way to learn as a group through movement and interaction. Now that kids are back in the classroom, Struthers said teachers want to get kids away from screens and moving more. With every aspect of learning, from math

to reading, integrated with the arts, this type of teaching reaches students who might be auditory learners where they can assimilate information easier when it’s accompanied by sound. It also provides tactile learners opportunities for hands-on activities. And visual learners have a variety of ways to process new concepts through drawing or designing. Students have shown an increase in reading comprehension when paired with the arts. “Reading fluency and music pair so well together and fluency is a huge skill they’re learning in these grades,” Struthers said. “They just need to have fun learning. They have been very successful.” With more than 80 arts teachers in DSD, there are many opportunities for students to participate, whether that’s through musical theater, dance programs, or the holiday arts competition that selects a student’s art for the district’s holiday cards. This year, Syracuse High School Sophomore Class Officer Jacob Pulley’s design was chosen. “Any art that comes from the district is created by students in the district,” Stenger said. In a partnership with Weber State University, an internship program brings future arts integration coaches into DSD classrooms for real-world experience. Struthers also coaches teachers interested in adding more arts to their

This award-winning design created by Syracuse High School Sophomore Class Officer Jacob Pulley, was used for this year’s Davis School District’s holiday cards.

curriculum. “The pendulum of funding and what is necessary swung too far toward technology and math,” Struthers said. “Not that there’s anything wrong with those programs, but we need the arts and it’s being reinvigorated.” l

Colohan named National Soccer Player of the year


he honors just keep coming for Davis High graduate and BYU soccer superstar Mikayla Colohan. Just a week after she led the Cougars to the NCAA Championship final where the team finished second, its highest finish ever, Colohan was named Top Drawer Soccer’s National Player of the Year. It’s been a busy last few weeks for Colohan, who is getting married to Washington Nationals baseball player Jackson Cluff in January before heading to camp for the Orlando Pride of the National Women’s Soccer League, who drafted her in early 2021. She scored 18 goals this past season, second most in the country, and had 16 assists. In her years at BYU, Colohan scored 53 goals, the second most in school history. — Tom Haraldsen

Mikayla Colohan earns the National Player of the Year award. Image courtesy of BYU Graphics


February 2022 | Page 5

Fiber grant awarded to Kaysville City By Cindi Mansell / c.mansell@mycityjournals.com

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the city’s existing fiber ring. However, the vendor has shown that they are interested in extending fiber to homes privately and tout they are installing an open network that is open to all service providers. Because the system will be an open network, users would have multiple options when this project is finished. Connext has begun construction and their estimated timeline for completion on the Kaysville City Fiber Project is between 18 to 24 months. The Council reviewed a proposed agreement between Fruit Heights and Kaysville that defined the terms of installation, ownership, and maintenance. Fruit Heights desires to connect various municipal buildings and infrastructure through fiber optic cable, and a part of the fiber optic cable being installed is in a location that can be shared by Fruit Heights and Kaysville to satisfy needs for various fiber connections. This part would be considered the “Shared Portion.” The agreement agenda item for joint use and maintenance of the Shared Portion of the fiber optic cable was unanimously moved from a work to action item for formal adoption on the next City Council agenda. Under the agreement, Kaysville would not incur any more cost than what was distributed via the grant. Fruit Heights would agree to supply necessary right of way or perpetual easements as well as other provisions. City Manager Shayne Scott said working with Fruit Heights City in this type of shared manner was very positive, and he congratulated Kaysville City IT (Ryan Judd) and city staff for “this forward-thinking and exciting news and for all your hard work to bringing the latest in technology to Kaysville City Departments and Utilities.” l



o satisfy needs for various fiber connections, the Kaysville City Council considered a sharing agreement with Fruit Heights City. On September 16, 2021, the Council approved an American Recovery Plan Act (ARPA) funded fiber project to increase connections to the existing city fiber ring. Added funding became available through the State of Utah, and Kaysville City applied for and was awarded a grant for $1,100,000. These funds will allow the city to connect vital infrastructure to be able to better communicate concerns, take digital readings, increase security, and connect parks and other facilities to fiber cables for the fastest data access available. Connected infrastructure would include pump stations, water tanks, meters, valves, traffic signal lights, and more. This grant will also connect sewer facilities to help the Central Davis Sewer District. City Information Systems Manager Ryan Judd explained to the Council that added work would create a north/south fiber backbone for fiber redundancy that can also connect parks, tanks, and other critical infrastructure for Fruit Heights City. Kaysville would share some fiber to create an east side fiber ring, looping in the water tanks, and tie in other east side infrastructure. This grant and the matching ARPA funds Kaysville will also use will not be spent on connecting individual homes to fiber. You may recall that Connext recently broke ground to deploy a private fiber opportunity citywide which would also allow the city to have improvements constructed to the City’s fiber ring at a much-reduced cost. That agreement was not to connect fiber to homes through the city but only to extend

This graphic illustrates the Fruit Heights and Shared Portion of the fiber project. Courtesy graphic

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Kaysville | Fruit Heights City Journal

What parents can do to help teachers’ mental health By Francia Benson | The City Journals


any teachers have expressed being on edge due to pandemic stress and anxiety. Their mental health is suffering tremendously in part due to the extra work and precautions. According to Chalkbeat, a non-profit organization dedicated to covering quality in education, “27% of teachers reported symptoms of depression, compared to 10% of other adults.” Society tends to forget that teachers have families of their own and personal and financial struggles. Add to that the pressure of teaching during a pandemic, and the result is teachers breaking emotionally and mentally. However, parents and caregivers can alleviate that pressure by being more aware and collaborating. Talking to their children When adults explain to children any situation in terms that are easy for them to grasp, they understand. They will comprehend that their teachers, like their moms and dads, also deal with stress and depression due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Parents can expound that they must be on their best behavior, so their teachers can focus on teaching rather than stressing over noise, children talking over them, or interrupting their classmates. When educators are on the verge of

burnout, commotion in the classroom can be detrimental to their mental health. Wendy Sharper, a kindergarten teacher, said that many of her students are dealing with anxiety. She advises that “parents must spend time with them and talk about what is going on in their lives.” She also states that children should take the time to play because they learn a lot through playing. Teachers wear many hats; one of them is counseling children through hard times. While teachers do not complain about it, it indeed adds to their emotional load. Taking an active role in their kids’ education Another factor contributing to educators being more stressed than in previous years is having students behind the rest of the class. Each child learns at their own pace. Children are different, and some struggle with subjects like math and reading. However, parents and caregivers can study and practice at home. Teachers spend a significant amount of time planning each lesson, which is stressful in itself. Delivering those lessons is more challenging when many students are behind. Sarah Saltsman, a Layton Christian Academy teacher, said that the best way to help teachers during the pandemic is to

Continued from front page

dom comes at a price, and that price is the obligation to give back and make the world a better place through actions, deeds, and kindness. She said her parents taught her at a young age the value in service and giving back. Tran said she hoped to be “the kind of Mayor that people know they can approach with suggestions, information, and ideas for change” and success to her will mean that by the end of her term she “will have left Kaysville better than when she found it.” Finally, Tran thanked everyone for this opportunity and said “only in the United States can an orphan from Seoul, Korea grow up to the Mayor of such a wonderful city in Utah.” l

After the official business, Jackson, Oaks, Hunt and Tran each said a few words. Jackson said “he was humbled and excited to get to work alongside those he campaigned with last fall.” He recognized his family and the community for their support and said while campaigning, he had visited every single inch of the community. He said there was so much talent living in Kaysville that he would love to get more people involved in the government process. Oaks said he “decided to run to give back to the community.” He said it was exciting to see how city government runs at the local level and he looked forward to working with and getting to know everyone better. Hunt said she was “humbled by the election results and the support she received” and “was grateful for the residents of Kaysville who have entrusted her with the opportunity to serve.” She described the mentors, volunteers, and complete strangers who supported and helped her along the way (including former Mayor Katie Witt who showed up on her doorstep, shared her invaluable knowledge, and showed her the ropes of campaigning). Tran (shedding a brief tear) said she was born in Seoul, Korea, became an orphan and migrated to the United States where she was adopted. She was naturalized in 1979 and has been proud and grateful to be an American every day since. She said her family includes a long line of veterans and she learned that free-


simply stop making excuses. “If a child has fallen behind, work together with the teacher,” she said. “Cultivate an environment for learning at home, as well as at school, rather than relying on the teacher to do it all.” For his part, Bruce Benson, an Idaho teacher, said that “one thing parents can do is to make sure children are doing their homework so they are up to date in class.” Reminding children and teens to keep their masks on Due to the new Omicron variant, some schools require students to wear masks. Understandably, children and teens are tired of wearing one. However, it is not the teacher’s fault. They, too, get stressed out about it. Teachers have to deal with children and teens refusing to wear their masks or not wearing them correctly. Parents should remind their children to put and keep their masks on every morning. Teacher Yolanda Zuniga advises parents to emphasize to their children to wash their hands and cover their mouths and nose when sneezing and coughing to avoid getting other children and teachers sick. That way, fewer kids will be missing classes, and teachers don’t have to worry about anyone getting behind.

Yolanda Zuniga hopes parents will counsel their children on ways to stay safe during the pandemic. Courtesy photo

Zuniga reminds parents and caregivers to “understand that we are human – we make mistakes, we get overwhelmed just like anyone else.” l

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Kaysville part of state’s Main Street Program By Becky Ginos | becky.g@davisjournal.com KAYSVILLE—The Utah Governor’s Office of Economic Opportunity (Go Utah) has launched its Utah Main Street Program and Kaysville is one of several communities across the state that will be part of the new initiative. “We’re looking at Main Street revitalization,” said Kaysville City Manager Shayne Scott. “We want to make it more walkable. We’d like to add a crossing signal mid block where the Kaysville theater is.” The Main Street Program is part of the Main Street America initiative aiming to revitalize a community’s appearance, economy and image of their downtown commercial districts, according to Go Utah. “We’re thrilled to be a part of this program that provides a framework and resources to support a community’s unique heritage,” Nan Anderson, director of the Utah Main Street Program and rural outreach manager said in a statement. “This program honors what makes a community unique and focuses on what makes it a great place to live and visit.” Participating communities are classified on a tiered framework according to their ability and interest in developing their Main Street. Kaysville is in the Engaged – Tier 1 category. “We’d like to get Main Street cleaned up

a little bit,” Scott said. “We see Bountiful’s Main Street and we’d like to look a little more like that.” The Main Street Program will open doors to funding designation, he said. “That will go a long way with UDOT. UDOT has the right of way so we can’t make any substantial changes without UDOT. They’ve been a great partner.” Scott said the stretch of road from 200 North to Hwy 89 is UDOT’s responsibility. “They plow the road and it's always maintained by UDOT. They got the light in on Nicholls Road.” Residents will often call to ask about putting a sidewalk along the road, he said. “Or they’ll wonder why we don’t repair or fix something but we have to tell them that UDOT has the right of way so we can’t do anything without permission.” The new Community Development Director and other city leaders will meet in the coming weeks to decide what the Main Street project will look like, said Scott. “We’ll have a clearer idea of what to do and what funding to go after.” It should be really exciting, he said. “There will be some big changes as we wrap up the general plan. We’ll wait for the new city council to look it over.” l Part of the Kaysville City Master Plan is Main Street revitalization. Photo by Roger V. Tuttle

Ally Isom’s team is gathering signatures for the primary By Tom Haraldsen | tom.h@davisjournal.com KAYSVILLE–Ally Isom had had enough–enough of the tone and the way she felt politicians talked to each other and about each other. She felt civility could return to government, particularly at a national level. So in July, she went “all in” by leaving her full time job as Chief Strategy and Marketing Officer for EVŌQ Nano and declared her intention to run for the Republican nomination for the U.S. Senate seat currently held by two-term incumbent Mike Lee. Now, the first phase of that race is on, as Isom has begun the process of gathering 28,000 signatures from registered Utah Republicans to assure her name is on the primary election ballot on June 28. Though the state has 853,875 “active” Republican registered voters, according to the website vote.utah.gov, gathering that many signatures presents a challenge that any senatorial candidate has to take on. “It’s a high threshold and a short amount of time,” she said from her home in Kaysville. “The signatures are due by the end of March, and we’re in a race to have our first batch of at least 28,000 to turn in as quickly as possible.” In 2014, the state legislature passed SB54, which allows candidates to gather signatures so they can enter the primary along with the candidate that is selected at the state GOP convention. It’s been a controversial process since first passed, with elements of the Republican Party both praising it and decrying it. Both Lee and fellow Republican candidate Becky Edwards are also gathering

Page 8 | February 2022

signatures this year, as Lee did in 2016. “Each signature needs to be gathered in person, and logistically that has plenty of challenges,” Isom said. “We have an army of volunteers who’ve taken this on and have started collecting signatures. Voters can only sign the petition for one candidate, and there could be errors that would cause some of the signatures to be thrown out. So our target is 32-35,000 signatures.” She said none of those petitions can be submitted to the state until at least 28,000 have been gathered. Subsequent signatures can be submitted before the deadline, but that first patch has to have at least 28K. Even with hundreds of volunteers, Isom and her fellow competitors have to have help. That means hiring professionals to assist in the gathering, a challenge at a time with labor shortages in Utah and the COVID-19 pandemic. Hiring of those professionals could push the cost per signature to as high as $14-15 apiece, as candidates in past elections have found. “People are very leery of opening their front doors when our volunteers knock, because of the virus,” she said. “I understand that. So we’ve been having signing parties in neighborhoods, and canvassing every Saturday.” Her “Rally for Ally” events find volunteers dressed in red shirts and red beanies, and some wearing red running shoes like Isom’ signature footwear she has worn since her first campaign appearance in her hometown at Kaysville’s Independence Day parade. “I love meeting everyone face-to-face, being out in

Ally Isom is leading an army of volunteers in her signature gathering efforts. Courtesy photo

the communities and hearing their stories while I’m telling them mine,” she said. “I’ve been walking in a lot of communities, about 70 so far, with many more to come. I’ve spent every waking moment involved with this campaign to really take it to the people of Utah. We can make a difference. We can get the kind of leadership in Washington where there’s a voice for unity and core principles.” Isom’s website, allyforutah.com, has more information about her campaign and how others can volunteer and get involved. l

Kaysville | Fruit Heights City Journal

Palmer hired as the new Kaysville Public Safety Therapist/Counselor By Cindi Mansell / c.mansell@mycityjournals.com


aving retired from the West Valley Police Department in 2017, Stuart Palmer is no stranger to police issues. While finishing up his law enforcement career, he went back to school and achieved his Master’s Degree in Social Work from the University of Utah. After retiring from law enforcement, he worked as a licensed clinical social worker at the Westridge Academy Residential Treatment Center dealing with kids and families. In conjunction with the FY21-22 budget adoption, Kaysville City created a new therapist/counselor position to provide mental health support to individual clients who have been exposed to workplace trauma or who would benefit from immediate access to mental health treatment. The vision was for the position to facilitate referrals to proper resources in the community and find creative solutions to make public safety employees as whole as possible in the most efficient way possible. Palmer came across that job posting and thought “now that’s a clientele I could really connect with.” He started in this role on November 1, 2021, and “gets to dress like a civilian, talk cop, and do what I do best – help people.” This position joins two similar statewide positions (Salt Lake City and West Valley City). Palmer says he has met with both of those counselors and together, they are “pioneers paving the way into new territory.” Recently, they started working to help put together a presentation for therapists to help them try and learn to speak the “language of cop.” When talking about a “typical day and what that looks like,” Palmer said that particular day he had met with two

individual police officers for mental health therapy and to work through some things they were struggling with. From there, he went to a meeting with at Davis Area Technical College (DATC) where he is collaborating with their staff to put together a mental health program. The day before, he had a meeting with Davis Behavioral Health to collaborate with them for Stuart Palmer consumers who contact the Police Department because they don’t know who else to contact. He said he views his role as collaborating with the community and connecting those who need help with available services. Asked if he could have used this type of service when he was an officer, Palmer said, “absolutely. I had a police officer friend who committed suicide and I never saw it coming.” He said it would have been nice to have this type of resource to help him deal with the issues in his heart and head. That is what actually led him to continue his career as a licensed therapist. Palmer said years ago, there was a therapist from Blomquist Hale who lived in his neighborhood. He said they started talking and the therapist told him,“You re-

ally need to come to work for us because we don’t speak police officer and we don’t know how to best help them with certain words, feelings, situations, and terminology.” Blomquist Hale offers Employee Assistance Program services for multiple entities to help employees realistically address life problems. Before positions such as this one at Kaysville, this was the type of third-party provider who would have supplied counseling to first responders. Palmer described a situation before Christmas wherein an officer met a suicidal woman at the Kaysville Post Office. The officer didn’t really know how to help her (but he knew Palmer was on board), so he loaded up the woman and drove her to Palmer’s office. He was able to sit down with her and help. Together, they contacted Davis Behavioral Health and they were able to take her and work with her. Palmer feels this was definitely a positive resolution to this frequent type of situation. Adding to his list of accomplishments, Palmer is also an approved therapist for the Fraternal Order of the Police (FOP). This professional association will cover the cost of an officer’s first four therapy treatments. He was also featured in the November 2020 West Jordan City Weekly as working with “Unbridled Hope” West Jordan horse therapy to help officers with mental health needs. Officers should not have to deal with symptoms alone and now Palmer can help first responders cope with traumatic experiences and the stress that comes with the job. He looks forward to making this position as positive and helpful as possible, however that may look. It is definitely “a work in progress,” he said. l

Nearly 20,000 Utah children are being raised by a relative By Becky Ginos | becky.g@davisjournal.com BOUNTIFUL—When Jenn Dishman became a grandmother she never dreamed she would be raising two of those children. With some of her kids still at home, adding an 8-year-old and 10-year-old to the family was an unexpected change. Dishman is not alone. There are about 20,000 kids in Utah living in “kinship” care which is being raised by a family member or friend. “For two or three years we knew our daughter was having a lot of struggles,” said Dishman. “She was drinking quite a bit and had married an abusive man. We had the kids off and on and they were going back and forth.” Dishman said they were becoming stressed about getting the kids and the situation with her daughter’s abusive husband. “He convinced her to steal money from her employer at Weber. We called the foster system and asked them what I would need to do. They said we would need to be certified to be foster parents.” They referred her to GRANDfamilies, a program run by the Children’s Service Society of Utah that helps kinship care families navigate the new situation. “It started in 2002,” said Rich Johnston, GRANDfamilies Program Director and Adoption Program Director. “At first it was a service for grandparents caring for a grandchild. Now it’s pretty much grandparents, family or


friends. We don’t work with biological parents directly.” They are the only kinship program in the state, he said. “We work closely with DCFS. One of our goals is to not only prevent kids from going into foster care but to work with people who don’t qualify to be foster parents.” With foster care the children have been removed from the parents, said Johnston. “The requirements are pretty strict on income, size of rooms, etc. Unfortunately, most (kinship families) don’t qualify for foster care payments. We’re working to get funds to support them more and help them qualify for Medicaid so the children do have medical coverage.” “It’s a situation you thought you’d never be in,” said Dishman. “There’s a lot of strong emotions dealing with the repercussions of your own child’s alcohol abuse. Dishman’s daughter opted not to sign the paperwork for them to take guardianship. “She disappeared,” she said. “He’d (husband) had convinced her to come to a hotel and kept her there. He beat the living daylights out of her. I know he used the kids as leverage to keep her there.” She decided to sign guardianship just as COVID hit, said Dishman. “I spent most of the winter homeschooling them. Grandfamilies helped me get that set up. They really had my

Jenn Dishman and her husband are raising their two grandsons. The GRANDfamilies program has helped them navigate this new change in their lives. Courtesy photo

back. I’m so grateful and indebted to them.” The two boys are now in Dishman’s care. “They’re in a much better, safer place with me,” she said. “My husband and I had to shift gears with what we were doing.”

Dishman is grateful the boys are not in foster care. “I wouldn’t have been prepared to take them if I hadn’t heard about GRANDfamilies.”l

February 2022 | Page 9

The relationship between bullying and suicide is complex


n Nov. 6, the world woke up to the tragedy that took a 10-year-old life. Izzy, like her family called her, took her life, presumably over being heavily bullied due to her skin color and being autistic. This calamity is causing concern among parents, caregivers, teachers, and students. According to the Stop Bullying website, about 20 percent of students ages 12 to 18 undergo bullying nationwide. Out of those, 15 percent are bullied through the Internet or text messages. The website categorizes the type of bullying children and teenagers are subject to by their peers. Among them are: • Children being victims of gossips or lies • Getting laughed at, called names, or getting offended • Getting pushed, shoved, tripped, or even spit on • Getting left out • Being menaced to get harmed • Students trying to make them do things they do not want to do • Having their belongings destroyed. Stop Bullying states that “The relationship between bullying and suicide is complex.” They explain that bullying isn’t the cause of suicide but that it does exacerbate sentiments such as solitude, nonacceptance, “as well as depression and anxiety, which can contribute to suicidal behavior.” The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) explains that 7.1% of children aged 3-17 years (around 4.4 million) have

By Francia Benson | The City Journals been diagnosed with anxiety. In addition, 3.2% of children aged 3-17 years (about 1.9 million) have been diagnosed with depression. The CDC also expounds that depression and anxiety among children have been increasing. These facts and statistics should be a base for parents, doctors, and teachers to find solutions and work together toward avoiding more suicides among children. The Utah State Board of Education has taken steps in the hope to prevent children and teens from taking their own lives and give teachers resources to handle such situations. They released the “Youth Suicide Prevention Training for Employees.” It is a two-hour training, and every Davis School District employee is required to complete it. Furthermore, Davis School District attempts to counter bullying by carrying out two initiatives: The first is identifying and assisting the victim and, secondly, educating the offender. What can parents do? Parents and caregivers must pay close attention to kids and teens. Depression and anxiety are on the rise for several different reasons. A child is never too young to undergo a depressive episode or to deal with anxiety. When a child or teen is experiencing depression or anxiety, parents must take them to the pediatrician. Parents can’t handle by themselves some things related to their kids, like mental illness. The sooner the child gets medical attention, the sooner he will improve. How to spot a child who is being bullied

Asking children how their day went and listening closely to their answers, tone, and voice inflection is crucial to learn if they are going through hard times. Asking directly if they are being bullied allows the child to feel safe about sharing their feelings. Some kids hold that information because they feel shame or do not know if their parents will believe them or care. That’s why having open communication where kids feel safe to express their concerns is pivotal. What to do when a child is getting bullied Parents must let their kids know that it is not their fault and that bullying is not acceptable. Furthermore, a meeting with the teachers, the perpetrators’ parents, and the school counselor is necessary. Everybody must agree that the harassment has to stop and respect the child. If the child is already, or due to the bullying situation, experiencing depression and anxiety, therapy must be provided. Action can prevent suicide. Do not let the problem keep going or tell your kids that bullying is part of growing up because it is not. It is harmful and can cause children to feel unsafe, lost, and angry. Depression and anxiety Even though the number of suicide among children and teens is on the rise society and the government don’t give enough importance and care to depression and anxiety. Both mental illnesses must be addressed and treated like people would treat any other disease. Mental health matters, especially in kids who cannot help themselves. Resources:

Anxiety and depression can affect children even at a young age. Photo by Francia Benson

A great resource for parents and children is the fun PACER’s Kids Against Bullying’s website. It provides helpful information and activities. Also, the Davis School District Bullying Prevention site is https://www.davis.k12.ut.us/departments/ student-family-resources/preventioncommunity/bullying-prevention If you or anyone you know is experiencing suicide thoughts, please call the Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 1-800-273-8255 or the UNI CrisisLine at 801-587-3000. l

Tom’s Tomes: Winning the Lottery


ometimes it’s fun just to dream, or fantasize, or just pretend that you are going to win the lottery. Powerball fever begins to take hold anytime the jackpot exceeds half a billion dollars, as it did this month when it grew to over $600 million before two winning tickets were sold last Wednesday. By the time you read this, it may have been claimed and you’re thinking you missed out because you didn’t make that trip to Malad. But really, what are YOUR odds of ever winning? Well… The odds of hitting the jackpot are 1 in 300 million. To put that in perspective, here are some other odds: Becoming an astronaut–1 in 12.1 million you’ve tried out Becoming U.S. President–1 in 10 million you’ve run for the office Winning an Olympic gold medal–1 in 662,000 for athletes who’ve competed Winning an Oscar–1 in 11,500 for actors who have been, or could be, nominated There are other “oddities” that have a better chance of coming your way than a

Page 10 | February 2022

By Tom Haraldsen | tom.h@davisjournal.com Powerball jackpot. For example: Being hit by a meteorite–According to National Geographic, 1 in 1.6 million Becoming a Billionaire (through professional efforts)--1 in 409,000. Believe it or not, about 10 percent of Americans are worth $1 million or more, including 71,613 in Utah (7 percent of our population). Dying in a plane crash–A report in Newsweek said the odds are 1 in 20 million. This does not include those who pass away from exhaustion while traversing miles and miles to gates at the new Salt Lake International Airport. Being killed by hornets, wasps or bees– The National Safety Council says those odds are 1 in 54,093. Yikes! Being Canonized–Your chances of becoming a saint are 1 in 20 million. That’s based on the fact that 100 billion people have lived on Earth but only 5,000 have been recognized as saints. Getting your tax return audited–Supposedly only 0.6 percent of Americans get audited. I disagree–from personal experi-

ence. Being wrongfully convicted of a crime– The rate at which innocent people were convicted of felonies was about 0.027 percent in the mid-2010s, according to the New York Times. Being killed by a shark–Even though dying from a shark attack is rare, your chances of winning the lottery are even rarer. According to the International Shark Attack File, your odds of dying from a “Jaws” moment are 1 in 3.7 million. Making a hole-in-one–According to the National Hole-in-One Association, which based its findings in 2013 on data collected over 30 years, the odds of sinking a hole-inone were 2,500 to 1 as a professional golfer and 12,500 to 1 as an amateur golfer. Going to the ER with a pogo stick-related injury–To be fair, pogo sticks are terribly difficult to use. Just be aware that if you have the misfortune of spending an afternoon on one, your chances of bouncing your way into the ER are about 1 in 115,300, according to the Deseret News.

Having conjoined twins–Your odds of birthing conjoined twins are about 1 in 200,000, according to the University of Maryland Medical Center. Your odds of giving birth to normal identical twins? About 1 in 250. And finally, becoming a movie star– Fame and fortune don’t go hand-in-hand. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the mean hourly pay for actors was $32.89 per hour as of May 2017. Although few acting jobs will put you on the A-list, landing a role for a big-screen film is far easier than winning the lottery. Long story short: You’re better off buying a ticket to Los Angeles than spending the national average of just over $200 on lottery tickets a year. So if you win the lottery, are you set for life? Probably, but keep in mind that the Feds take 24% withholding tax and 37% total, plus states have tax lottery charges. Drawings are at 10:59 p.m. on Monday, Wednesday and Saturday. So good luck. And avoid stinging insects! l

Kaysville | Fruit Heights City Journal

The Peterson family. They love being outdoors hiking and camping. They’re also big USU Aggies fans and go up to all of the football games. Courtesy photo

Peterson steps into new legislative role By Becky Ginos | becky.g@davisjournal.com CLINTON—Throughout her career, Karen Peterson has been involved in the community somehow. Now she’ll have the opportunity to expand her reach as she represents District 13 in the Utah State Legislature. Peterson was recently appointed by the Davis County Republican Party to fill the seat left vacant by Paul Ray who resigned to take a new position with the Department of Human Services. “I’ve always been engaged in the community,” Peterson said. “I was in the elementary PTA, on community council and committees with the city. I’ve always felt that giving back to the community is a good way to spend my time.” Peterson served two terms as a Clinton City Council member. “I also worked with Gov. (Gary) Herbert as Educational Advisor for the school district, charter schools and parents’ groups,” she said. “I did legislative policy work for schools.” When Gov. Spencer Cox took office he asked her to be Legislative Affairs Director. “It was my job to build a relationship with the legislature on behalf of the Governor to push through the budget, etc.,” Peterson said. “I worked very closely with the legislature.” Peterson will leave her position with the Governor’s office to take the new post because it would be a conflict of interest. “My appointment runs through 2022,” she said. “So I’ll be up for reelection in 2022.” One of her main goals in the upcoming session is managing growth. “I’ve met with delegates and through my service on the city council I’ve seen how growth impacts the state,” said Peterson. “It’s complex. People want their kids and grandkids to be able to afford houses. We need to make sure that growth doesn’t outpace roads, water and educational opportunities for good schools for families. These are critical infrastructure components


that I’d like to focus on.” Utah has a unique opportunity right now, she said. “The economy is doing so well. It’s moving ahead full steam. We have revenue for the state we’ve not seen. We also have an incredible amount of federal money that we can make generational investments – especially around water.” Those dollars need to be spent wisely, said Peterson. “We should use them on highly impactful projects that can impact us long term.” There shouldn't be bonding, she said. “We should pay cash. When they were talking about double tracking for FrontRunner they should’ve paid cash instead of bonding and making cities pay. It could make a real difference for Utah.” Peterson faced one of her hardest challenges in 2018 when she was diagnosed with stage three breast cancer. “It was out of the blue,” she said. “I had no family history. I started chemo and had a number of surgeries then radiation. I had a year of treatment. I’ve had a clear scan for two and a years. They say five years is golden.” It was a life changing experience, said Peterson. “I was 38. It makes you very intentional about how you spend your time and how you treat people. It’s a great reminder that there are no guarantees.” As a new legislator, Peterson hopes people will find her accessible. “I want them to find me to be reasonable,” she said. “I’ll try hard to support the community. The best legislators are the ones who care about the people in their district.” Peterson said her constituents have been good to her family. “They mowed our lawn and brought us meals during my cancer. These are my people – I want to represent them.” l

February 2022 | Page 11

Utah Air National Guard celebrates 75th anniversary By Tom Haraldsen | tom.h@davisjournal.com


ou’ve probably heard or seen their aircraft when you’re near the Salt Lake City International Airport. Perhaps you’ve noticed the unusual shape of their planes, with that “tail” sticking out from behind. What you might not know is that their operation has been part of the Utah community for 75 years. That’s the anniversary that was celebrated on Nov. 18 this year for the Utah Air National Guard. Its 151st Air Refueling Wing, like all Air National Guards in the country, supports U.S. military missions of defense for our nation, and many past and present members of the UANG live in Davis County. Its home is the Roland R. Wright ANG base on the east side of the airport. Today, the UANG has nearly 1,500 trained men and women that serve both federal and state missions. “The 151st ARW files the KC-135R Stratotanker in support of air refueling operations, aeromedical evacuations and cargo missions,” said Master Sgt. John Winn, who hosted media members for a demonstration flight. He said the 151st includes 17 squadrons and five group commanders who coordinate the efforts of the KC-135s, which were first assigned to Utah in 1978 as part of the Strategic Air Command. The UANG began as a fighter-bomber unit before switching to an air refueling mission. The type of aircraft flown by the wing has changed eight times since the wing’s inception. Simply put, the KC-135 is like an airborne gas station for the U.S. military. That “tail” is called a “boom,” and it’s the unit that attaches to aircraft such as F-15s, F-35s, and B-1 bombers, among others. This refueling ability allows the fighter jets to extend their missions. “The 151st ARW is the single largest component and provides personnel to fly, maintain and support a KC-135R unit,” Wynn said. “The unit flies training missions in the Western United States and frequently deploys to worldwide locations to support ongoing combat operations.” Those operations often include national emergencies such as natural disasters or civil disturbances. Since the Korean Conflict in the early 1950s, members have served in the Vietnam War (where UANG crews flew 6,600 hours in support of American forces), as part of operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm, and in support of Operation Allied Force. The wing can provide an air hospital for critical care needs, weapons disposal, firefighting with aircraft and other large vehicles, and maintains a partnership for peace with Morocco. Domestically, members of the wing

Page 12 | February 2022

The cockpit of the tankers are electronic mazes that expert pilots use to command the huge tankers, which can weigh close to 300,000 pounds when filled with transfer fuel. Photo by Tom Haraldsen

have responded to numerous local and national emergencies, including assisting evacuees in the aftermath of Hurricanes Katrina and Rita. Guardsmen serve in the community at events like Sub-for-Santa, blood drives, Adopt a School programs, highway cleanup, and at the 2002 Olympic Winter Games in Salt Lake City. The base also houses support units such as Explosive Ordnance Disposal, the UTANG Fire Department, the 151st Emergency Management and the 151st Security Force Squadron. “We have a very active state mission,” Wynn explained, “as we’ve been helping with all facets of the COVID pandemic response. We had personnel guarding the state capitol during the riots in May of last year, and helped with local response to windstorm damages. There are 443 full-time personnel on the base, with another 993 part-time reservists serving one weekend a month.” Our media visit included a planned refueling flight over parts of Idaho and Oregon to meet up with aircraft from the 366th Fighter Wing out of Mountain Home Air Force Base in Idaho. Filled with 70,000 pounds of fuel, our 98,000+ pound aircraft (its weight without the fuel or reporters and personnel) took off smoothly and headed to the northwest. But on this day, unfortunately, a mechanical issue with the boom prevented us from actually docking with any aircraft. Still, it was a memorable flight and a safe, smooth landing with a very heavy KC-135 back at the base. “The Air National Guard provides almost half of the U.S. Air Force’s tactical aircraft support, combat communications functions, aero-medical evacuations and aerial refueling,” Wynn said. “In addition, the Air National Guard has total responsibility for air defense of the entire United States.” Pretty impressive accomplishments and responsibilities for a neighbor you never knew you had. l

The KC-135R Stratotanker is the workhorse of the UNAG’s 151st Air Refueling Wing. Photo by Tom Haraldsen

An F-35 fighter jet hooks up with the boom of the KC-135 on a refueling practice mission. Photo by John Winn, UNAG

During practice sessions, a number of aircraft like these F-35s fly side-by-side with the KC-135s. Photo by John Winn, UNAG

Kaysville | Fruit Heights City Journal

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Kaysville’s Jonas Clay is now a two-time All-American after a 17th-place finish at the AAU Nationals in Charlotte, North Carolina recently. (Photo courtesy Stephen Clay)

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By Catherine Garrett | c.garrett@mycityjournals.com


-year-old Jonas Clay, of Kaysville, earned his second All-American honor at the AAU Nationals in Charlotte, North Carolina recently with a 17th-place finish in the boys 11-12-year-old division. “It was harder this year for me because I hadn’t been able to run as much as usual because I was busy with other sports, so I wasn’t training as much,” Jonas said. “Even though I felt less prepared, I had done it quite a few times, so I knew I didn’t have to worry about anything else except just running.” Race Cats coach Jami Caldwell said, “Jonas is always a really strong runner,” noting that he also placed in the top three in each of his races this season and won the Triple Crown series. Also competing at nationals Dec. 4 were Jacob Johnson – who also earned All-American recognition with an 11th-place finish in the 8-and-under division – along with Lydia Johnson, Jacob’s sister, and siblings Jackson and Juliana Grover. Jonas, son of Stephen and Monica Clay of Kaysville, has been to nationals every year since 2018 and was part of the second-place boys 11-12 team last season. That finish earned the seventh grader at Shore-


line Junior High School in Layton his first All-American recognition. He started running through a program at the Layton Recreation Center when he was six years old. “He got really into it, loved it and excelled at it,” Stephen Clay said. “I used to run with him, but he’s too fast for me now and goes for runs on his own. Soon, he’ll start training with Davis High School.” Jonas said he appreciates the sportsmanship he has seen in the running community. “I like how you want everyone to do well,” he said, noting that his work in the sport has also increased his ability to do hard things. Stephen has seen his son learn how to set goals and work hard to accomplish them. “That self-motivation that he is full of translates into so many areas in life,” Stephen said. “Jonas is never satisfied and is always pushing harder.” “I was so proud of my athletes that went to nationals,” Caldwell said. “They’re incredible kids and I love seeing them gain confidence in themselves and learn to love running.” l

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ELEMENTARY SCHOOL LUNCHES FOR DAVIS SCHOOL DISTRICT February 2022 JAN. 31 Bean & Cheese Burrito Enchilada Sauce Shredded Lettuce Green Beans Applesauce Welches Juice Slush FEB. 1 Beef Meatballs or Pork Meatballs Rotini Pasta Marinara Sauce Alfredo Sauce Cheesy Breadstick Crinkle Cut Carrots Canned Peaches FEB. 2 Pepperoni Pizza Cheese Pizza Cooked Corn Canned Peaches Jello Assortment FEB. 3 Sweet & Sour Chicken Brown Rice Steamed Broccoli Canned Peaches

FEB. 4 Grilled Cheese Baked Fries Baked Beans Applesauce Cookie Assortment FEB. 7 Taco Meat Whole Grain Tortilla Brown Rice Cooked Corn Applesauce Welches Juice Slush FEB. 8 White Chicken Chili Scoops Canned Peaches FEB. 9 Cheese Pizza Crunchers Cinnamon Roll Steamed Broccoli Canned Pears FEB. 10 Roast Turkey Mashed Potatoes Turkey Gravy

Whole Grain Roll Green Peas Canned Peaches Creamies FEB. 11 Sloppy Joe Hamburger Bun Baked Beans Crispy Curly Fries Applesauce Cookie Assortment FEB. 14 Mini corn dogs Mac and Cheese Whole Grain Breadstick Green Beans Applesauce Welches Juice Slush FEB. 15 Popcorn Chicken Smackers Maple Waffle or Belgian Maple Waffle Hash Brown Patty Canned Peaches FEB. 16 Taco Soup

Cornbread Muffin Cooked Corn Canned Pears Apple Crisp Whipped Topping FEB. 17 Sweet & Sour Chicken Brown Rice Steamed Broccoli Canned Peaches FEB. 18 Ham & Cheese Sandwich Baked Fries Baked Beans Canned Apricots Cookie Assortment FEB. 21 President’s Day No School FEB. 22 Pepperoni Pizza Cheese Pizza Cooked Corn Canned Peaches Jello Assortment

FEB. 23 Taco Meat Torilla Chips Cheese Sauce Refried Beans Canned Pears FEB. 24 Popcorn Chicken Smackers Mashed Potatoes Chicken Gravy Whole Grain Roll Canned Peaches FEB. 25 Grilled Cheese Tomato Soup Crinkle Cut Carrots Canned Apricots Cookie Assortment FEB. 28 Grilled Chicken Strips Rotini Pasta Alfredo Sauce Applesauce Welches Juice Slush

Pepperoni Pizza Rippers Marinara Sauce Canned Peaches Chocolate Pudding MAR. 2 Popcorn Chicken Smackers Mac & Cheese Whole Grain Roll Green Beans Canned Pears MAR. 3 Beef Meatballs or Pork Meatballs Sweet & Sour Sauce Brown Rice Steamed Broccoli Canned Peaches MAR. 4 Chalupa, Bean & Cheese Cinnamon Puff Refried Beans Applesauce Shredded Lettuce Cookie Assortment

MAR. 1 Cheese Pizza Rippers

Give kids an extra measure of love – become a foster family By Becky Ginos | becky.g@davisjournal.com NORTH SALT LAKE—There are more than 500 kids from North Salt Lake to the Idaho border in foster care and Utah Foster Care is always looking for more families who can provide a safe and loving home. “If you have space in your home and a place in your heart to become a foster parent there is an ongoing need to care for kids,” said Amy Wicks, Lead Foster Adoptive Consultant for the Northern Region of Utah Foster Care. “There are a wide range of ages. Eighty percent come with at least one sibling. We try to keep families together but those foster families are harder to find and children ages 12 down to 2 we sometimes struggle with that too.” Utah Foster Care works to train and support foster families, she said. “First we meet with them for about an hour. We find out about what the dynamics are in the family and the process to get licensed. There are 24 hours of training required.” It talks a lot about how a foster parent can support a child who has experienced trauma, said Wicks. “Every child in the system has had trauma. It could be abuse, neglect, etc. It’s also very traumatic to be removed from the home. We train foster families to help them make that transition and how their own family can navigate it as well.” Once they've gone through the training they can decide if it’s a good fit and initiate the licensing process, she said. “A lot of it is what is your story and experience caring for kids and your areas of interest. You can specify age, if you want siblings, sometimes gender depending on the makeup of your own family.” Maybe both parents work so they want a school age

Page 14 | February 2022

child, Wicks said. “You have to think ‘who is your village? Who is your support system?’” There’s also the physical aspects of the home, she said. “Such as health and safety. Are there smoke detectors and are the cleaning supplies locked up, stuff like that.” Wicks said some families take a group of siblings and others more than one. “Multiple families can be a bit of a challenge coordinating visitation with their parents. Foster families are made aware of what that’s going to look like.” They are given lots of support, she said. “There is a mentoring program where we match foster families with similar backgrounds to offer advice and peer support. If they can share their experiences being foster parents it’s less daunting.” Foster mom Amy is experiencing the power of connection with her foster daughter. “Just this weekend Cutie Girl has started making happy noises,” Amy said in a social media post. “This might sound strange and confusing but this is the reality of kids who are placed in a stranger's home. It's scary! It's unknown! She has no clue what just happened to her life! And to be honest I have very little idea of what her first year of life has looked like.” She now makes small giggles and squeals while playing, said Amy. “She will even smile without us doing a full circus show in order to get it. Her giggles and happy sounds make my heart just beam with joy. She is feeling safe. She is feeling happy. She is feeling loved. It is incredible to witness.” Foster families come in all shapes and sizes, Wicks said. “They can be single, married or same sex. They just need to be able to provide a safe and loving home for a child.”

Utah foster mom Amy captures a photo of her foster daughter she calls ‘Cutie Girl’ as she looks out the window with a furry friend by her side. Amy has seen a change in the little girl as she starts to feel safe and loved. Courtesy photo

For more information about becoming a foster parent or to help in other ways visit utahfostercare.org or call 877-5055437. l

Kaysville | Fruit Heights City Journal

Becky Edwards launches signature gathering campaign By Becky Ginos | becky.g@davisjournal.com

NORTH SALT LAKE—Becky Edwards has a bit of an uphill battle to unseat incumbent Mike Lee in the U.S. Senate but she’s optimistic that she has the support to do it. The former Utah House Representative started a signature campaign last MONTH to ensure her name will be on the primary ballot. “Historically in Utah the turnout for the primary is low,” said Chelsea Robarge Fife, senior director of communications for Edward’s campaign. “The past has shown that the Republican nominee who wins the primary will win in the final election. That means a small group will be electing the future senator.” In the past, Utah Republican candidates were selected through the caucus system, however that changed when SB54 was passed by the legislature in 2014. That allows candidates to gather signatures to enter the primary election between the convention winner and those who get enough signatures. “We have to get 28,000 signatures from registered Republicans,” Fife said. “Our plan is 32,000 because some will get thrown out. People might have already signed for somebody else or they’re not registered, etc. We anticipate by the end of the month we’ll have all the signatures.” Volunteers for the campaign have been going door to door, hosting signing events and talking to neighbors. “It’s been a great experience,” said Edwards. “Since the roll out we’ve had literally hundreds of people reach out

asking us to mail them a packet or they want to hold an event. There’s been a ton of enthusiasm.” There has been no Republican opponent since Mike Lee first ran for reelection in 2016, she said. “This has been the first opportunity for voters to choose and they’re very excited about that.” Edwards believes it’s important to teach young voters about the process. “Some of them will be turning 18 in 2022 and will be eligible to vote in the June primary,” she said. “Our focus is on making sure our young people are engaged so they realize ‘it’s not just my parents. I can do this too.’” It helps them to see what the future looks like, Edwards said. “It’s a great opportunity for them to begin a pattern of civic engagement. It’s a great thrill to speak to young people.” Voters can participate in signature gathering in a variety of ways, she said. “We’re always ADA compliant and follow CDC guidelines. We hold events at parks, etc. People get creative. One person had a pop up tent in her driveway with a heater and hot chocolate.” Edwards said they’ll even bring the petition to people in their car. “A mother drove up with a dog and small child in the back. It made it accessible to her and she drove away knowing she had participated in democracy.” If elected, Edwards wants to make a difference in the Senate. “I want my service to be productive and in-

Becky Edwards gets a signature from Kiera Beddas during a drive-up signature-gathering event in Draper, Thursday, Jan. 6. Courtesy photo

clusive,” she said. “We're bringing it to people in a real way. We’re giving people a lot of optimism and hope for the future.” For more information about Edwards’ campaign and getting involved visit beckyforutah.com. l

Collaborative effort to foster inclusion, end racism By Becky Ginos | becky.g@davisjournal.com FARMINGTON—In an effort to bring the community together to end discrimination and promote inclusion, Davis School District administrators announced Jan. 4 the formation of an enhanced partnership between Hill Air Force Base, Davis County commissioners and the state to address these issues. “I believe when we’re dealing with racism it has to be a partnership to come together and talk about it,” said Commissioner Bob Stevenson. “We need to open up communication to resolve the problem.” It’s all about one Utah, one military, said HAFB Commander Colonel Jenise M. Carrol of the 75th Air Base Wing. “We need to break down the barriers of communication and make the community aware of what we’re doing. We need to know what’s happening in our schools. It’s a problem that we don’t all see the same.” “Hill is the number one single site employer in Utah,” said Superintendent Reid Newey. “We’re number two. It’s an extraordinary asset with great leadership. This isn’t a 7-3 problem that’s why we’re so engaged in this.” Utah First Lady Abby Cox, founder of “Show Up Utah” initiative, introduced her Unified Sports Program. “It joins people with and without mental disabilities,” she said. “It gives kids the opportunity to play on a team and make friends not only on the court but in


the hallways and lunchroom.” It teaches leadership and how to treat others, said Cox. “I imagine a world where every child feels important and included in every way. Let’s not let any child go through school without a friend.” The group will meet monthly, said Assistant Superintendent Jackie Thompson. “Other partners include Jeanetta Williams with the Salt Lake NAACP and Betty Sawyer of the Ogden NAACP. They’ll be the boots on the ground in the community and be accessible to all.” It’s not about whether this is a racist community, said Assistant Superintendent John Zurbuchen. “It’s about making a more healthy community and making a better experience for kids and families. Can we be a better community – yes.” “Our goal is to stamp out racism,” said Stevenson. “Suicide, abuse, addiction are all starting to eat away at us. It’s wonderful to come together to solve these problems. We’re in the best spot to be an example for the entire state and the nation.” “Our arms are wide open to the community,” Thompson said. “There is an African proverb, ‘If you want to go fast, go alone. If you want to go far, go together.’” l

Utah First Lady Abby Cox (left) and HAFB Commander Colonel Jenise M. Carrol share a laugh during a press conference announcing an enhanced partnership to address community-wide racism. Photo by Becky Ginos

February 2022 | Page 15

Lawmakers kick off 2022 session There was a whirlwind of activity on Capitol Hill Tuesday as the 2022 legislative session got underway. For the next 45 days lawmakers will see hundreds of bills and address issues that impact the state. Clockwise: Representatives recite the Pledge of Allegiance on the House floor; visitors tour the Capitol Rotunda; Senate President Stuart Adams gives opening remarks. Photos by Roger V. Tuttle

Page 16 | February 2022

Kaysville | Fruit Heights City Journal

USU students’ project launched into space By Becky Ginos | becky.g@davisjournal.com BOUNTIFUL—A group of Utah State University students made history last month when NASA launched their satellite project to space. It was the first of its kind built entirely by undergraduate students. Built by the Get Away Special Team, GASPACS, (Get Away Special Passive Attitude Control Satellite) is a technology demonstration that uses a custom-built inflatable aerodynamic boom to passively stabilize its orbit, according to material provided by USU. “I graduated from Bountiful High in 2020,” said Carter Page, a mechanical engineering student at USU and mechanical team lead. “I found out about the GAS team and I’m all about space so I jumped right on it.” The project has been in the works for about eight years, he said. “The project has almost died once or twice over the past years. Thanks to our student team leader Jack Danos pushing it for the last couple of years we finally had the team to get it done.” The purpose is to test it in a small format, said Page. “It’s an affordable way to test something. When it gets to space it deploys an inflatable boom that kind of sits behind the satellite like a tail.”

It acts like feathers on the end of an arrow, he said. “As it flies it interacts with particles of air that cause drag and force the satellite along the velocity vector. The main mission is to deploy the boom to take pictures and send them back to Earth to prove that we did it.” It stays deployed and connected to the satellite until it burns up and returns to the Earth’s atmosphere, Page said. “It takes about a year before it burns up.” Page said the project is to demonstrate that it can be done. “Deploying an inflatable really hasn’t been done before. In our case we used it to stabilize something, in other cases it can build structures like inflatable arms, etc.” The team worked over the summer and finished in August. Page estimated that they spent about 400 hours on the project. “We worked our butts off,” he said. “Then in September we got to go down and deliver it to Nanoracks in Houston.” It’s part of the CubeSat launch initiative program (CSLI), said Page. NASA basically pays for launch management except for the development and construction of the satellite.” GASPACS was launched to the International Space Station by a Falcon 9 where astro-

The GAS Team at Kennedy Space Center.

nauts then deploy the satellite out into orbit on Jan. 24, 2022. “While we’re waiting for that we'll start on the next project,” Page said. “Jack will graduate and I’ll take over as Team Leader. I’ll be over whatever project is next.” Having all undergrads working on the project can be tough, he said. “They graduate and all that knowledge is lost. That’s definitely

rough but such a rewarding opportunity to get into position to make important decisions on this team. It’s pretty special.” Page has liked space since he was in junior high. “I hope students in Utah can see this project and realize they have an option to help build a satellite when they come in right at the start (of college),” he said. “It blew my mind when I found out about it.”l

One letter could make a big difference in the classroom By Peri Kinder | peri.k@davisjournal.com


or years, educators focused on bringing science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) concepts into K-12 classrooms, hoping to prepare students for the future. But now, adding one letter to STEM, could make a difference in how a child learns, develops and builds confidence. The STEAM concept integrates music, visual arts, theater and dance into elementary school activities and introduces creative learning opportunities. Shanda Stenger is the fine arts supervisor for Davis School District and oversees the Beverley Taylor Sorenson Arts Learning Program in the district. “I believe fine arts instruction is vital for a student’s education,” Stenger said. “It helps them gain real understanding of concepts and helps develop creativity.” BTS Arts is an arts integration program subsidized by the state that provides specialists to create curriculum based on the arts. There are three BTS Arts instructional coaches in the district, with the goal to add more. A visual arts coach, music coach and integration coach devise activities that include visual learning, music education, manual dexterity, hands-on learning, teamwork and creativity. DSD Arts Integration Instructional Coach Bethany Struthers pilots a BTS Arts program with half of her time spent at Fremont Elemen-


tary. Recently, she worked with second graders to help them understand the vocabulary of the water cycle. Struthers talked to the students about movement and how they could make their bodies describe words like evaporation and precipitation. “They created dances to help them remember the concepts,” Struthers said. “The kids were not getting the vocabulary and now they know it because they learned the movement for it.” A third grade program uses music and movement to teach fractions, and fourth graders make prehistoric art on clay tablets. In fifth grade, students learn choreography that helps them remember the branches of government. “We start in elementary and we reach students that doubt they have the understanding or experience,” Stenger said. “It doesn’t have to be talent. It’s usually constant effort and putting in a little each day. There is much healing through the arts. You can really feel and work through experiences.” During COVID, students spent a lot of time learning in front of screens, without having a way to learn as a group through movement and interaction. Now that kids are back in the classroom, Struthers said teachers want to get kids away from screens and moving more. With every aspect of learning, from math

to reading, integrated with the arts, this type of teaching reaches students who might be auditory learners where they can assimilate information easier when it’s accompanied by sound. It also provides tactile learners opportunities for hands-on activities. And visual learners have a variety of ways to process new concepts through drawing or designing. Students have shown an increase in reading comprehension when paired with the arts. “Reading fluency and music pair so well together and fluency is a huge skill they’re learning in these grades,” Struthers said. “They just need to have fun learning. They have been very successful.” With more than 80 arts teachers in DSD, there are many opportunities for students to participate, whether that’s through musical theater, dance programs, or the holiday arts competition that selects a student’s art for the district’s holiday cards. This year, Syracuse High School Sophomore Class Officer Jacob Pulley’s design was chosen. “Any art that comes from the district is created by students in the district,” Stenger said. In a partnership with Weber State University, an internship program brings future arts integration coaches into DSD classrooms for real-world experience. Struthers also coaches teachers interested in adding more arts to their

This award-winning design created by Syracuse High School Sophomore Class Officer Jacob Pulley, was used for this year’s Davis School District’s holiday cards.

curriculum. “The pendulum of funding and what is necessary swung too far toward technology and math,” Struthers said. “Not that there’s anything wrong with those programs, but we need the arts and it’s being reinvigorated.” l

February 2022 | Page 17

Superintendent has led district through challenging times By Becky Ginos | becky.g@davisjournal.com FARMINGTON—The Board of Education and Davis School District administration were taken by surprise last month when Superintendent Reid Newey announced he would be retiring at the end of the school year. He has been in the post for five years. “He told us after the board meeting (Jan. 4),” said Board of Education President John Robison. “We were surprised but it makes sense. He’s been here for 30 years and to be fully vested for retirement you have to get to that mark. So it was time for him to take advan-

tage of that opportunity.” Newey was the 18th superintendent in the district. “We’ve had amazing superintendents in the Davis School District,” Robison said. “I’ve been an educator and teacher for 40 years so I go way back with superintendents. He’s one of the great ones.” What stands out is his work ethic, he said. “He’s always here from early in the morning to late at night. Weekends, holidays he’ll call me and he’s sitting in his office. He’s been devoted to his position.”

He also reached outside the day to day affairs of the district, said Robison, “He built relationships with county leaders, mayors and other community members and legislators. All year long he worked to enhance relationships, not just during the session.” Robison said Newey has been a great advocate for students and staff. “Few people know the extent of what he’s done to bring success to the district and make it a good place to work for administration, teachers and staff.” He was a visionary man, said Robison. “He looked way down the road to what students need. He didn’t accept the status quo. We were way ahead of a lot of districts in what we were doing. When the pandemic hit and we had to go virtual we were already trained. We were ready the next day. He realized that online learning would be a big deal in the future.” The district has been faced with several challenges, not only the pandemic but more recently the Department of Justice investigation into racial discrimination and allegations of overlooking bullying in the schools after a 10-year-old girl took her own life. There have been some who suggested he should step down. “He has had the full support of the board,” said Robison. “There has not been one minute of discussion or any board member discussion that he should leave – absolutely not.” It is the board’s primary responsibility to

Davis School District Superintendent Reid Newey announced his retirement last month. Photo courtesy DSD

hire a new superintendent, he said. “From start to finish the board coordinates that. We haven’t made a plan yet. We’ll get together in the near future to put a plan together.” Robinson said he feels fortunate the district has had Newey for these five years. “With the pandemic and the DOJ investigation there’s just no better man than Reid Newey to get us through these tough times.” l

Woods Cross High School 2021-22 Sterling Scholars

Alison Ebberts, Social Science; Ava Dimick, Dance; Anna Tolk, Instrumental Music; Isabella Hawkins, Business and Marketing; Margaret Call, World Languages; Gabi Jones, Speech/Theatre Arts/Forensics; Kayle Orantes, Computer Technology; Ava Egan, Mathematics; Clara Mendez, Vocal Performance; Savannah Bishop, Visual Arts; Fletcher Murray, Science; Aimee VanDenBerghe, English; and Alyssa Gill, Family and Consumer Sciences; Not pictured- Kyle Sommer, Skilled and Technical Sciences Education.

Page 18 | February 2022

Kaysville | Fruit Heights City Journal

Bountiful High School 2021-22 Sterling Scholars Back row: Kaylee Castleberry, Visual Arts; Emma Zaugg, Family and Consumer Science; Christian Ure, Social Studies; Benjamin Hatfield, Computer Technology; Smith Alley, Business and Marketing; Samuel Landon, World Languages. Front row: Taylor Davidson, Dance; Lainey Rowsell, Science; Breanna Mortensen, English; Emily Larsen, Instrumental Music; Elle Robinson, Vocal Performance; Isabella Hanks, Mathematics; Eleanor Christensen, Speech/Theatre Arts/Forensics.

Farmington High School 2021-22 Sterling Scholars Back Row Standing: Lauren Lund, Visual Arts; Brayden Beck, Vocal Performance; Ethan Bybee, Drama; Tyler Thompson, Computer Science. Middle Row: Sienna Puckrin, World Language; Mariah Miller, Family and Consumer Science; Julia Tholen, Technical Education; Alana Rae Christensen, English; Melissa Jackson, Instrumental Music. Front Row Seated: Jessica Haviland, Business and Marketing; Ashley Wilcox, Dance; Abigail Stringfellow, Mathematics; Eliza Streadbeck, Social Studies. Not Pictured: Luke Jacobsmeyer, Science.


Davis High School 2021-22 Sterling Scholars

Back row: Jacob Flint, Computer Technology; Hannah Jensen, English; Kate Masner, Visual Arts; Sofia Zubeldia, Business and Marketing; Samantha Nichols, Mathematics; Jacob Johnson, Science. Front row: Kathryn Weeks, Instrumental Music; Sarah Deppe, Skilled and Technical Sciences Education; Juhee Lee, Social Science; Olivia Giles, Dance; Melia Morrison, World Languages.

Viewmont High School 2021-22 Sterling Scholars

Front row: Beth Mitchell, World Languages; Berkeley Hamaker, Science; Shelby McDonald, Dance; Stella Wadsworth, English; Kira Wootton, Speech/Theater Arts. Middle row: Shamira Morgan, Vocal Performance; Ella Johnson, Visual Arts; Julia Okelberry, Business & Marketing; Nicole Wood, Family & Consumer Sciences. Back row: Justin Young, Computer Technology; Jane Jeppesen, Instrumental Performance; Matthew Newson, Mathematics; Paige Crandall, Social Science.

February 2022 | Page 19

Use your smartwatch to monitor your heart and improve your cardiovascular health By Karmel Harper/k.harper@mycityjournals.com


ebruary is American Heart Month, a time to focus on our cardiovascular health. While paper and chocolate hearts abound, February also raises awareness for the health of our beating hearts, the life-sustaining organ that pumps oxygen throughout our bodies. Heart education is important, something that physicians and health professionals in Davis County emphasize with their patients regularly. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), heart disease is the leading cause of death worldwide and is responsible for 16% of the world’s total deaths. “Since 2000, the largest increase in deaths has been from this disease, rising by more than 2 million to 8.9 million deaths in 2019,” the organization reports. While heart disease has typically afflicted older adults, heart attacks have increased in younger people under the age of 40, with a steady rise in patients between 20 - 30 years old. The Cardio Metabolic Institute said, “It was rare for anyone younger than 40 to have a heart attack. Now 1 in 5 heart attack patients are younger than 40 years of age. Here’s another troubling fact to highlight the problem: Having a heart attack in your 20s or early 30s is more common. Between the years 2000-2016, the heart attack rate increased by 2% every year in this young age group.” Reasons for this steady rise among younger people are increasing risk factors affecting this age group such as diabetes, hypertension (high blood pressure), obesity, smoking and vaping, and substance abuse. While lifestyle changes such as proper nutrition, adequate sleep, and avoiding substance abuse can significantly mitigate heart disease risk factors, regular ex-

ercise is a very effective method for combating heart disease. Johns Hopkins exercise physiologist Kerry J. Stewart, Ed.D, said, “Aerobic exercise and resistance training are the most important for heart health. Although flexibility doesn’t contribute directly to heart health, it’s nevertheless important because it provides a good foundation for performing aerobic and strength exercises more effectively.” Even if you don’t exercise regularly, those with heart conditions can use a smartwatch to monitor their heart throughout the day. Kaysville’s Scot Vore said, “I use my smartwatch to monitor my steps and my heart for Afib.” For aerobic or cardiovascular exercise, measuring one’s heart rate is standard to ensure one works out within the prescribed heart rate zones for optimal benefits. Heart rate training zones are a percentage of your maximum heart rate or heartbeats per minute. With the emergence of smartwatches and other devices, people can monitor their heart rate in real-time and adjust their exercise intensity. These devices incorporate personal biometrics such as age, gender, and weight and calculate individualized heart rate training zones. To find your maximum heart rate, subtract your age from 220. For example, a 25-year-old’s maximum heart rate is 195 heartbeats (bpm) per minute (220-25=195), and a 65-yearold’s maximum heart rate is 155 (bpm) heartbeats per minute. From this calculation, heart rate zones are established (see photo). The number of zones can vary based on the device’s monitoring system, but a popular standard is five zones: • The warm-up or Healthy Heart zone is 50% - 60% of your max heart rate (Mhr). • The fat burn or Weight Management zone is 50% - 70%

of your Mhr. • The cardio or Aerobic zone is 70% - 80% of your Mhr. • The intense or Anaerobic zone is 80% - 90% of your Mhr. • The maximum or Red Line zone is 90% - 100% of your Mhr. Paula Nielson-Williams, Recreation Manager and 29year veteran of Salt Lake Community College’s Exercise Science department, said, “Exercise is good for heart health. ACSM (American College of Sports Medicine) recommends 30 minutes a day of moderate-vigorous exercise or an hour a day of moderate exercise. So get out walking, lift some weights, or play with your kids.” l

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‘Stories Behind the Stars’ seeks veterans’ tales By Tom Haraldsen | tom.h@davisjournal.com


heodore Que Jensen was born in 1919 in Mt. Pleasant. The fifth of seven children, he was just six years old when his mother died, leaving his father Charley to raise the kids even while he worked as a farmer. Theo graduated from Delta High School, enlisted in the U.S. Navy in 1940 and, following boot camp, he was stationed at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. Six months after reaching Pearl, he was among those killed on Dec. 7, 1941, in the Japanese attack on the base. His story is one of thousands that have been compiled as part of the Stories Behind the Stars project (www.storiesbehindthestars.org). This is a national effort of volunteers to write the stories of all 400,000+ of the US WWII fallen. Bountiful resident Steve Booth is part of that effort. He said the 80th anniversary of the attack which just passed has invigorated the project’s efforts to put the finishing touches on the gathering of stories. “Our goal is to research, write and publish the stories of the 2,335 military personnel who lost their lives at Pearl that day,” he said. “We have about 50 stories to go, so we’re working on it.” Booth said he started by following the story of Jasper Leonard, a soldier from Delta. “I found someone from Leonard’s hometown who was looking for information on a fallen soldier,” he recalled. “The family would go to plant flags on fallen soldiers’ graves, and they wanted some information on Jasper. I contacted his family through a site called Find a Grave, which has millions of cemetery records. I told the family I was researching a story on Leonard, and they gave me information I couldn’t find online. Those stories are out there, waiting to be discovered and told.”

Jensen’s case was particularly interesting because he was killed when his ship, the USS Oklahoma, sank at Pearl Harbor. He was listed as Missing in Action and later Killed in Action, but his remains were not identified and the Navy buried a mixture of remains at the American Battle Monuments Commission location in Honolulu. Efforts continued for decades to further identify the fallen, and in December of 2020, the Defense POW/ MIA Accounting Agency announced Jensen’s remains had been identified. They were returned to Delta and he was buried last June 2 in the city cemetery. The Stories Behind the Stars project was the brainchild of Don Milne, who lived in Utah for 35 years and is “a self-described World War II history buff,” Booth recalls. Milne says he has spent every day the last four years chronicling one story about a U.S. soldier who died in war. When his job at a local bank was cut, he decided to make the project his full-time hobby. Within 18 months, more than a million readers were following the project through the website. He’d planned to stop in September 2020. “I had done about 1,200 profiles already, but when people found out I was going to stop, they said ‘Why?’ I said, ‘At one a day, I can never finish all these names in a lifetime.’” So readers soon turned to volunteers, and with financial support from MyHeritage.com and Ancestry.com, Milne said he has been able to provide the resources necessary for the hundreds of volunteers across the country to collaborate on the project. Its goal is to complete all 400,000+ profiles by 2025, the 80th anniversary of the end of WWII. “We still need volunteers who are willing to help,” Booth said. “They can reach out to me and we can get them started.

RM3 Theodore Jensen was among those killed in the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941. His story is among those told in the Stories Behind the Stars project.

It’s very fulfilling and leaves you with a great feeling when you know you’ve helped tell someone’s story.” Contact Booth at daisensei@storiesbehindthestars.org l

Teaching assistants crucial to the classroom By Becky Ginos | becky.g@davisjournal.com FARMINGTON—Teachers are faced with large class sizes and trying to give one on one attention to each student can be daunting. That’s where teaching assistants (TA) come in. TAs are vital to keeping students on track and helping in the classroom. In the Davis School District, a program to train TAs will help them be more effective at what they do. “Some funding came in from the American Rescue Plan,” said Nancy Call, TA Development Specialist. “The ESSER (Elementary Secondary School Emergency Relief) funding can be used for two years. The governor signed the law in March 2021 and it will continue through fall of 2023. We want to use it to do what we can.” The Davis School District wrote a plan on how it should be used, she said. “The TAs can be used in a variety of ways. Each school had their own plan on how to use them.” There wasn’t any training for TAs in the past, except on the school level, Call said. “This is all brand new. Even though the training is from all the funding sources, others are welcome to come.” As part of the training, TAs receive a book on how tutoring works, she said. “It explains what they do and how to build trust with students.” Kids need a capable adult they feel safe with at school, said Call. “Some students have a negative experience at school like a fear of math. It takes an adult to help them overcome that and open them up so they can learn.” There are restorative practice management techniques that have researched based ways to work with math facts fluency, she said. “TAs work in small groups and individual students and pull aside children who are struggling. They


help them get better with math proficiency before they reach high school.” By high school, some students have already shut down, Call said. “They say ‘I can’t do math’ They label themselves as math people and non math people. We want to create math learners with a mathematical mindset that will open up the possibilities in high school and do basic things to start with.” Call said they’ve also worked with the special education team. “They’ve presented information on the best practices for autism. Being really aware of their emotional needs and behavior interventions in positive ways so they do what they need to do rather than being rewarded for negative behavior.” The program also provides a pathway for a TA to receive a teaching degree. “If an employee in the DSD working as a TA would like to get their degree they can apply to receive tuition help.” High school students can also work as a TA, she said. “They can be in the class and receive credits while being paid. It’s a great way to get a look at these careers. We have 23 high school students right now.” Call said high school students should apply through their school counselor. “For some of them this is their first job. Send me an application and I’ll send it out to all the administrators at the schools they’re interested in. I would encourage them to meet with the administration. It’s up to them to get the job.” Some students get home release to be a TA, she said. “They can get credit and get paid too. It pays more than

High school TA Angelle Pledger works with a student. While working as a TA, students can receive credits while being paid. Photo courtesy of DSD

janitorial, etc. in the district.” Being a TA is nice because it’s during the school day, said Call. “They don’t work weekends or holidays. You can also work while you’re kids are in school because you’re on the same schedule. It’s a really family friendly job.” Call said she’s been impressed with everyone she’s met. “These are fabulous people giving their heart and soul to just help kids.” l

February 2022 | Page 21

Bring the world to you by hosting an international exchange student By Karmel Harper/k.harper@mycityjournals.com


ark Twain said, "Travel is fatal to prejudice, bigotry, and narrow-mindedness, and many of our people need it sorely on these accounts. Broad, wholesome, charitable views of men and things cannot be acquired by vegetating in one little corner of the earth all one's lifetime." In 1946, U.S. Senator J. William Fulbright embraced Twain's view when he founded the Fulbright program, one of the most widely recognized and prestigious scholarships in the world. The program selects students, scholars, teachers, professionals, scientists, and artists who may receive scholarships or grants to study, conduct research, teach, or exercise their talents abroad; and citizens of other countries may qualify to do the same in the United States. Fulbright said, "The Fulbright Program's mission is to bring a little more knowledge, a little more reason, and a little more compassion into world affairs and thereby increase the chance that nations will learn at last to live in peace and friendship." This endeavor became a priority during the aftermath of the Second World War in conjunction with the establishment of the United Nations to promote peace and understanding through educational exchange. "Educational exchange can turn nations into people, contributing as no other form of communication

can to the humanizing of international relations," said Fulbright. The Fulbright program led to other educational exchange programs and tremendous growth of international students in the U.S. over the last 70+ years. Migrationpolicy.org said, "Beginning with just 26,000 international students in the 1949-50 school year, the number of students neared 1.1 million in 2019-20." Kaysville resident Summer Gale Van Wagoner is an exchange coordinator for Education First High School Exchange Year (EF), an organization bringing international students to the U.S. since 1979. Van Wagoner works with high schools and host families in Weber, Davis, and Salt Lake counties to match them with international students from Europe and Asia. Van Wagoner's family hosted a student for the first time in 2016 when they lived in Las Vegas. Simona was Romanian but was living in Italy when she joined the Van Wagoner family for a school year. As Van Wagoner spoke Italian due to her LDS Italy mission, she easily communicated with Simona. Her own five children, ages 2 - 9, looked up to Simona, who was 17 at the time. Van Wagoner said, "She was like a princess to them." EF celebrates the diversity of American families and places international students

with families of all shapes and sizes, including single-parent households, empty nesters, and same-sex couples. EF guidelines state, "Host families provide the exchange student with room and board, and are expected to treat their student as a member of a family, not as a guest. The essential obligations of a host family are to provide room and board and basic necessities. Exchange students cover their own travel costs, health insurance, school expenses, cell phone, and spending money." Host families are not compensated monetarily to ensure that they are participating in the program for the right reasons. However, in recognition of their role as citizen ambassadors, host families may be eligible for a charitable tax deduction. Van Wagoner currently oversees 11 exchange students in Utah from France, Denmark, Spain, Switzerland, and Holland. The Van Wagoners are now hosting 17-year-old

Teike, who is from Holland. Teike is like a best friend to Van Wagoner's 16-year-old daughter, Mia, and even the youngest Van Wagoners, 11-year-old Kael, and 9-year-old Declan said, "It is fun having Teike with us… especially since she evened out our numbers at Disneyland." Teike said, “I have loved seeing all the landmarks in Utah, and sharing my culture with my American family.” Teike's own family traveled to Utah over the holidays, so the two families enjoyed some quality time together, really embracing the spirit of international friendship and cultural exchange. If you are interested in becoming a host family for an international student, you can contact Van Wagoner via this link: http://efexchangeyear.org/iec/summer-van-wagoner. l

Simona (center) was like a big sister to the Van Wagoner kids when she stayed with them in 2016. Photo courtesy Summer Gale Van Wagoner.

Page 22 | February 2022

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hree things could doom our country: domestic terrorism, Olivia Rodrigo and the rejection of science. The first two are obvious, but rejecting science? When did scientists become the bad guys? As more people deny mainstream science, I think about the good, old Russian pseudoscientist Trofim Lysenko. (You can call him Tro.) He and Joseph Stalin were BFFs after Tro convinced Stalin he could “educate” crops to grow using his “law of the life of species” theory which included planting seeds close together and soaking plants in freezing water. Stalin embraced this nonsense and seven million Russians died from starvation when the country ran out of food, because Tro (you can call him The Idiot) convinced Stalin that science-based agricultural practices were garbage. There’s lots of science I don’t understand, like quantum mechanics, curved spacetime and string theory, which proves kittens will play with a ball of yarn indefinitely. But I don’t have to understand science because, and here’s a key point, I am not a scientist. I’m saying this louder for those in the back: science shouldn’t be a partisan issue. But here we are. Anti-science is on the rise and people (i.e., non-scientists) are putting their own batty (often dangerous) theories


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out in the universe, much like Tro the Idiot. More than 2,000 years ago, Aristotle decided our planet was a sphere, not a flat disc flung through space in a game of Frisbee golf played by Greek gods. But people didn’t believe him. Some flat-folk still don’t believe him. Giordano Bruno was burned at the stake for his theory of the cosmos which included the heretical idea that the earth revolved around the sun. Before his death he proclaimed, “Perhaps you who pronounce my sentence are in greater fear than I who receive it.” And that’s what it boils down to: fear. A campaign of distrust based on fear slowly erodes faith in scientists and any theory they present. We all know the government is run by rabid lizards in human suits, but scientists have saved our bacon for centuries. In 1796, Dr. Edward Jenner used gunk from a cowpox sore to inoculate a child against smallpox and gave the world its first hope to combat the terrible illness. When he wasn’t performing in “Hamilton,” President Thomas Jefferson strongly recommended smallpox vaccinations to eradicate the disease. Dr. Jonas Salk developed the polio vaccine in 1955, becoming a national hero. When vaccines for measles, whoop-

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ing cough, rabies, and tetanus were introduced, they were welcomed as miracles. Researchers first identified human coronavirus in 1965 and studied diseases like SARS and MERS before COVID-19 jumped up like a maniacal Jack-in-thebox. The COVID vaccine was based on years of research, not months of blindly pouring pretty colors into test tubes. And what about climate change? For decades, researchers told us fossil fuels contribute to an increase of greenhouse gases, which sounds like a great sustainable energy source, but actually traps heat and warms the planet. What did we do to those silly goose scientists? We ripped out their livers and made foie gras. Now we have higher temperatures, severe storms, drought, flooding, Oliva Rodrigo and wildfires because, just like when Aristotle and Bruno walked the (much cooler) earth, people can’t wrap their minds around reality. With little or no science knowledge, deniers continue the assault, and the world is paying the price. What evidence would change their minds? Why do they believe conspiracy theories over proven results? I guess you can guide someone to wisdom, but you can’t make them think.


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