Centerville/Farmington | September 2021

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September 2021 | Vol. 01 Iss. 07


AMERICA’S FORGOTTEN HEROES by Becky Ginos | becky.g@davisjournal


LAYTON—Alongside the Vietnam Memorial Wall replica at Layton Commons Park stands a statue of a dog. It’s not just any dog – it’s a “War Dog.” “The dogs were used for narcotics or bomb detection,” said Linda Crismer who along with her husband Jim owned Mazzie, the model for the memorial. “Mazzie served in Kuwait for five years. We had him for five years and he died on April 21 of this year.” CWD (Contract Working Dog) Mazzie NDD (Narcotics Detection Dog) was the German Shepard’s official title, said Linda. The couple adopted him from Mission K9 rescue, an organization that brings War Dogs home. “I’d been teaching at Bountiful Elementary for 40 years,” she said. “I used a lot of dog related things in my classroom and told the children about War Dogs. When I announced I was retiring the kids said ‘you ought to get one because you’ll have nothing to do.’” So the Crismers looked into adopting through Mission K9 rescue. “It took about CWD Mazzie NDD was the model 15 months to get him,” Linda said. “They for the statue. Mazzie died in April. wanted to make sure he’d fit into our Courtesy photo home. They check the dogs out mentally and physically. They’re very careful with how they adopt animals out.” Many of the dogs are mistreated during the war and most never come home, she said. “Mazzie weighed 60 lbs and was starving to death. He was Continued page 4

The War Dog statue stands in Layton Commons Park near the Vietnam Memorial Wall replica. It honors dogs who served but never came home. Photo by Becky Ginos


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Family History Mysteries: Memorializing in strange and unusual ways By Carole Osborne Cole | The City Journal


enealogists seem to be particularly attracted to all things related to cemeteries, graveyards and gravestones. Thus when I came across one of these pictures I naturally had to find out more about it. This 1982 Mercedes-Benz was carved out of a massive block of granite and was installed behind the mausoleum of teenaged Raymond “Ray” Tse Jr., who died of an unspecified illness in 1981 in Hong Kong while attending school as a foreign exchange student. As a Chinese-American teenager his big dream was to obtain his driver’s license and own a luscious Mercedes-Benz. To compensate in some way for his untimely death (he was only 15) his millionaire older brother David had Ray’s remains sent to New Jersey where he resided at the time and where the mausoleum is located. Though unusual, Tse’s monument is not the only automobile to be used as part of a memorial. A life-size BMW M3 headstone can be found in the Manor Park Cemetery in East London. It belongs to Steve Marsh, an adoring fan of BMW vehicles. By the way, if you happen to be in London visiting cemeteries, you may want to visit Gladys and her piano memorial in the City of London cemetery. It’s a full-sized piano with a full-sized Gladys “asleep” on her hands, her hands resting on the keys of the piano, as piano and Gladys both sit atop a full-length marble slab. While looking through the photos of strange or unusual monuments, I found this funny headstone inscription from Mexico:


Journals T H E

Rest in peace, Now you are in Lord’s arms. Lord, watch your wallet

Not so funny is this inscription on the gravestone of John Edward Campbell, a young man, age 12, in Salford, England, who on 28 February 1911, clambered on a raft on a claypit and then fell in. Despite help from another child, Campbell drowned while three adults nearby looked on but offered no help. The inscription reads:

“He left home in perfect

health, “And little thought of death so nigh, “But God thought fit to take him home, “And with His will we must comply.”

Geli is a War Dog that served in Kuwait and was adopted by Jim and Linda Crismer. Photo by Becky Ginos

Continued from front page

It would take the entire City Journal to describe all the strange and/or unusual gravestones or memorials I found but I’ll close with this one. Willet Babcock was a furniture maker in Paris, Texas, by trade, and as was usual for the 1800s, he also made caskets. Before Babcock died in 1881, he contacted Gustave Klein, a well-known German immigrant master stonecutter and ordered Klein to carve an impressive memorial figure for Babcock’s own gravestone memorial. It included the usual carvings, such as a cross and figure in robes, but he also added a distinctly Willet Babcockian twist to the order: Jesus is wearing cowboy boots. l

very traumatized. We had a trainer who gave us advice about helping Mazzie. We don’t know what happened to him but the trainer said he’s the most mentally damaged dog he’d seen.” Mazzie became the favorite as Jim and Linda took him to parades and veterans celebrations. “The kids would holler, ‘Hi Mazzie,’” said Linda. “He touched the lives of everyone he met. One time we were at Cabela’s and a man came up to us and asked if Mazzie was a War Dog. Then he got on his knees and held Mazzie’s head and said, ‘Buddy I know what it’s like to be in a foreign country and have people hate you. But your mom and dad will give you a great life.’ We knew then that we were onto something.” The statue came about when the Cris-




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Page 4 | September 2021




Bryan Scott |


Tom Haraldsen |


Becky Ginos |


Ryan Casper | 801-254-5974


Mieka Sawatzki | Jen Deveraux |


mers took Mazzie to the Sounds of Freedom car show in Layton. “The veterans invited us to their meetings,” Linda said. “When they decided to do a memorial for the War Dogs they wanted Mazzie to be the model and asked us to run the project.” The Crismers became so involved with War Dogs that they adopted another one, 8-year-old Geli who also served in Kuwait for four years. “We bring them home and give them a good life for the second half of their life.” The memorial is dedicated to all War Dogs that served. “It is to honor especially those that served in Vietnam,” said Linda. “They say those 5,000 dogs probably saved 10,000 lives in Vietnam. There were 4,500 dogs abandoned. The statue is to honor and remember the dogs that did their job but never came back.” l

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Centerville | Farmington City Journal

Let’s end the suicide stigma by talking about it By Karmel Harper |


rene Brown said, “What we don’t need in the midst of struggle is shame for being human.” As World Suicide Prevention Day approaches on Sept. 10, social media will most likely display photos and quotes honoring Robin Williams, who tragically ended his life in 2014 at the age of 63. Though celebrity photos and random “copy, paste, and share” posts that merely spread other people’s words about suicide are becoming more frequent, the few seconds of scrolling by these messages are not nearly as effective and preventative as sharing one’s own personal experiences. Engaging in the difficult conversations about suicide are often intertwined with grief, trauma, stigma, and shame, but they are a significant key and tactic to raise awareness and prevention. Sarah Stroup, Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist and owner of Monarch Family Counseling in Herriman said, “Suicide ideation hides in dark corners. By talking about it, we’re shedding light on it and increasing the safety.” Alison Burk of Kaysville has made it her life’s mission to raise suicide awareness in honor of her sister, Annie, who passed away on Dec. 3, 2020, four weeks after ingesting pills that resulted in a coma and eventual organ failure. Annie died at the age of 36, leaving a husband and four young children behind. When Annie passed away, the family felt alone and isolated as the outreach to support them was limited. Because of the stigma surrounding suicide, they felt like members of their community did not really know how to support or help them. “We are grieving alone,” said Burk. However, statistics reveal that suicide is affecting more and more people every year. The National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI) said that 41,000 people in the U.S. died by suicide in 2019-2020, 1.3 million adults have attempted suicide, 2.7 million adults have had a plan to attempt suicide and 9.3 million adults have had suicidal thoughts. Utah has the 5th highest suicide rate in the nation. According to, from 2017 – 2019 the age-adjusted suicide rate in Utah was 22.0 per 100,000 persons, with an average of 660 suicides per year. In 2019, suicide was the leading cause of death for Utahns ages 1017 and 18-24. When Herriman High School experienced a cluster of suicides within a few months in 2018, the community was rocked and Stroup and her colleagues were on the front lines helping families through their tragedies and working with local teens to prevent further deaths. Stroup said, “Our community talks about it now. We share our experiences and help each other because we have experienced the devastating consequences from not talking about it.”

While it is a difficult and heavy topic to discuss and some parents fear that discussing it might give their children the idea to consider suicide, research has shown that talking about it actually reduces the risk and increases safety. Stroup’s best practices for talking to your children include: ▪ Using age-appropriate language with each child. The words you use for an elementary age child should be different from the words you would use for your teen. ▪ Finding an appropriate time to talk to your child when there are no other distractions ▪ Asking open-ended questions such as “Tell me about a time you thought about ending your life” rather than “Do you feel like killing yourself?” Avoid “yes or no” questions. ▪ Practicing empathy. Listen to your child from their viewpoint and validate their struggles. ▪ Utilizing a “safe word” or “code” for your teen to say or text to indicate they are not OK. An example is using the green-yellow-red phrasing where your child can text “green” to indicate they are OK to “red” meaning they are in immediate danger. These short words are easier to express than several sentences trying to convey their feelings. ▪ Seeking help from a therapist if you need help talking to your child. Stroup also stressed if your child is in immediate danger, do not wait until their therapist appointment which could be days or weeks away. Take them to the ER immediately where crisis social workers can assess and provide help and resources. Stroup said research shows that only 25% of teen suicides are impulsive – that they make the decision and act within five minutes. While teaching coping skills is a main goal for therapists, it is extremely crucial for the 25%. “If they can be OK for five minutes when they are in danger, they exit that impulsive range,” said Stroup. Other ways to be proactive include visiting a medical doctor or pediatrician to receive a full check-up including a hormone panel and bloodwork to assess Vitamin D levels to eliminate or remedy any underlying physical issues that may cause depression. With Autumn upon us, Stroup and her team become especially vigilant as suicidality increases in the fall and winter months. She encourages parents to be especially watchful during this time of year, particularly after Daylight Saving Time ends in November. Observations of teachers, coaches, neighbors, school counselors and other people that spend a lot of time with your child are also important. “It takes a village to shine the light in all of the dark corners,” said Stroup.

Alison Stroup remembers and honors her sister, Annie, at right, who died by suicide on Dec. 3, 2020.

Survivors who have attempted suicide have the strongest voice of all, for their stories allow others who are struggling know that they are not alone. Twenty-three-year old Brooklyn Hull of Eagle Mountain has struggled with depression, anxiety, and bi-polar disorder ever since she was 11 and has been in and out of residential treatment centers over the years. She has attempted suicide over 12 times. The most recent was in May 2021 when she attempted to hang herself in Provo Canyon. Hikers and Lifeflight rescued her but the lack of oxygen caused two strokes and spinal hemorrhage. “I want to help kids who struggle and those who don’t have a voice and don’t know how to say they need help,” Hull said. She is a writer who plans to start a blog to share her experience. “A pen and paper can’t judge you. But a person’s body language and expression can come off as judgmental when you try to talk to them.” Hull’s mother, Tenae. said, “People tend to judge and be mean but they don’t want to step up and be part of the solution. But there are compassionate people out there. When we lived in Herriman, the fire and police departments knew Brooklyn by name and were always so kind and helpful.” Today. Hull is excited about the future and is focusing on her health and endeavors to help others. When her sister, Annie, died, Burk cre-

ated a foundation to spread suicide awareness and to honor her sister and who she was as a person. “Annie loved nature and all living things,” Burk said. “She loved to catch dragonflies and butterflies, and even water snakes at Bear Lake.” Her website provides articles, resources, and items to purchase where proceeds will benefit the American Foundation for Suicide Prevention in Annie’s name. The merchandise, modeled by Burk’s daughter, includes T-shirts and bags displaying colorful graphics of butterflies, dragonflies, flowers, and peace signs – conveying the bright messages of hope and healing needed to overpower the dark corners of stigma. If you or a loved one is struggling with suicidality, please use the following resources: ▪ American Foundation for Suicide Prevention or ▪ Call 800-273-8255 ▪ Text TALK to 741741 ▪ The SafeUT App a text/talk crisis hotline which can be downloaded at https:// ▪ The Trevor Project website and hotline for LGBTQ+ www.thetrevorproject. org or 1-800-488-7386 ▪ Monarch Family Counseling at www. l

September 2021 | Page 5

Centerville wants residents to approve $7 million bond for new cemetery Linda Petersen | The City Journal CENTERVILLE – City officials are preparing to put a new proposal on the General Election ballot in November – the purchase of property to develop a new 5-acre cemetery. The current city cemetery is full, and those officials are anxious to provide a spot where local residents can be buried. They hope to get resident approval to fund a $7 million bond which would purchase the property and develop the site. Property owners would be assessed a tax on their property to pay for the cemetery. “This creates a new revenue stream for the city through a property tax that would be assessed to the residents,” Marcus Hiller with Zions Public Finance said. In June, the city entered into an agreement with Zions Public Finance for municipal advisory services. At their Aug. 3 meeting the city council considered the possibilities of bonding for 16, 21 or 26 years. After looking at the options, they decided bonding for 26 years made the most sense and would be most palatable for voters. The assessed tax is likely to be around $56 per year for 26 years for a home with a taxable valuation of $400,000 and $121 on a business valued at $400,000, Hiller said. If the bond were issued in the general market, there would likely be a penalty for paying it off early (probably before nine to 10 years), Hiller said in response to a query from Council member Robyn Mecham. It is expected the cemetery would yield around 800 burial plots per acre which would be made available in phases. This would provide local residents with space for many years to come, City Manager Brant Hanson said. “If we have a pretty strict policy like we do now, then it will last forever,” he said. “If we open it up and allow anybody

Photo by Roger V. Tuttle

to buy up to eight lots, then we could sell it out pretty quick.” At that meeting, the sentiment among the council seemed to be to keep the current policies in place, ensuring that the cemetery would be viable for a long time. “As we sell spaces, we need to replenish the perpetual care fund, so we are using only the interest to maintain the property but also establish a capital improvement program with funds set



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Page 6 | September 2021

aside to buy new cemetery land in the future,” Hanson added. Centerville currently has the highest rate for single burial in south Davis County ($600 with a $300 perpetual care fee), compared to Bountiful ($640/no perpetual care fee), Farmington ($500/no perpetual care fee) and Kaysville ($500/no perpetual care fee). l

More ADA compliant ramps planned for Centerville Linda Petersen | The City Journal CENTERVILLE—The city will be able to install/rebuild 18 ADA compliant pedestrian ramps near 400 East early next year, thanks in part to federal funding. The city has applied for and has tentatively been approved to receive $75,000 in Community Development Block Grant funding which is administered through Davis County. The city will be matching those funds dollar for dollar from its transportation/ sidewalks fund. On Aug. 2, the city council unanimously voted to approve a resolution of support for the project, a condition required by Davis County. The city should receive the funds this fall and should be able to begin the project next spring, Management Services Director Jacob Smith said. In response to a question from the council, City Engineer Kevin Campbell said it is difficult to keep the whole city in compliance because ADA standards change frequently. “As the ADA changes, we have to update our standards,” he said. “As we rebuild streets, overlay streets, we’re required to update them to the current standard.” This grant helps us so we’re not spending transportation monies replacing pedestrian ramps, he added. Campbell estimated between a third and a

half of the city’s intersections are ADA compliant. “We have some areas where there’s no ramp at all; we have some areas that met our earlier 1991 standard and then we have those that are up to the current standard,” he said. Campbell said the proposed ramps are in addition to those that may be completed on the 400 East rebuild, although several on Pitford Drive were replaced in anticipation of reconstructing that road next year. “Typically, we’re trying to get out a year ahead of those overlays and street rebuilds,” he said. “We don’t want contractors on top of each other.” In response to a comment from Council member Robyn Mecham about how the newer ramps can become slick when it gets cold, Campbell said they could consider replacing the plastic truncated domes with brick-like domes.“We could maybe do a test strip and see how it performs,” he said. Council member George McEwan also requested that the staff provide an inventory of the ramps when the council reviews sidewalk maintenance and expenditures to determine the compliance level citywide “so we know how far we’ve got to go,” he said. l

Centerville | Farmington City Journal

Farmington looks for ways to develop more affordable housing By Wayne Kartchner | The City Journal


ith housing prices skyrocketing, Farmington is trying to find options to provide more affordable housing in the city. On Aug. 3, the City Council passed an amendment to the zoning ordinance to help with that. “Our attitude (toward affordable housing) should be in our back yard,” said City Council member Shawn Beus. “We need workers living in our community.” If a developer sets aside open space or creates trails, the city will allow the developer to develop on smaller lots. Now the developer also has the additional option of setting aside some of the units as Moderate Income Housing (MIH) or paying the city a fee in lieu that will be used for MIH. “The area available to build new single-family homes in Farmington is dwindling quickly,” said, Mayor Jim Talbot. “We need to act now.” In 2019, the state required each city to submit a plan to provide for moderate-income housing. If the deadline to submit the plan was missed the state would withhold transportation funds. The state provided 23 items to be implemented and Farmington must implement four of the items because it has a FrontRunner station. “We were implementing nine of the items prior to this ordinance and now this makes 10,” said Community Development Director David E. Petersen. Moderate income housing is defined as “housing occupied or reserved for occupancy by households with a gross household income equal to or less than 80% of the Average Median Income (AMI) for households of the same size in the county in which the

city is located.” For Farmington, the 80% figure is an income of $74,640. “If the developer sets aside a portion of the development as affordable housing, the deed restriction is recorded against the parcel number with the county recorder, and it will run with the land even if the original owner sells it,” said Planning Commission member Greg Wall. “That way the affordable housing units set aside by the developer will always be affordable housing units.” Petersen said that under the new ordinance a developer with the right to develop 15 lots on 20,000 square foot lots could agree to put two homes into moderate-income housing or pay a $412,000 fee in lieu and get the rights to develop 12 additional lots. For apartments or multifamily properties if 10% of the units are set aside for affordable housing the developer may be given the right to build more floors or some other consideration. These apartments may be rented to families earning 60% of AMI and the families could receive rent assistance. “Because of the consideration given to the developers by the city the developers are pleased with this arrangement and the flexibility of the ordinance,” said Petersen. “Farmington is not affordable,” said City Council member Amy Shumway. “I’m glad that developers have gotten on board.” The average price for homes sold in Farmington since March 2020 is $802,397. This is out of reach for someone making $74,640. The MIH home price needs to be $390,000. The difference is $412,397 for a single-family home, which Peterson said

The average price for homes sold in Farmington since March 2020 is $802,397 making it difficult for families to buy a home in the city. Photo by Wayne Kartchner

gave him sticker shock. “Some people have told me that ‘We don’t want low-income housing in Farmington,’” said City Council member Scott Isaacson. “What they don’t realize is that Moderate Income Housing is housing for teachers, firefighters, policemen. We need these people to be able to have a place to live. [Affordable housing] should be everybody’s problem.” Farmington resident Lori Conover addressed the Commission and said she is for affordable housing but asked what the fee in

lieu is. She said she doesn’t want a developer to pay money and not provide affordable housing. “A fee in lieu or open space are other options instead of affordable housing, but approval is ultimately up to the city,” Planning Commission Chair Alex Leeman said. “If the developer pays a fee in lieu that money has to be spent on affordable housing.” “Some of the planned MIH projects will be indistinguishable from any other single-family developments,” said Petersen. l

Planning commission outlines goals for coming year Linda Petersen | The City Journal CENTERVILLE—Mayor Clark Wilkinson, the city council and members of the planning commission met earlier this summer to address some planning goals. On July 6, Planning Commission Chair Kevin Daly shared a list of 2021 commission goals with the mayor and city council. “One of the things we did was identify a major planning project to focus on for the upcoming year,” Daly said. “One of the things that definitely drove some of this planning process for us for these goals was areas that the legislature had essentially said ‘Here’s what’s going to happen.’” The planning commission had been working on the South Main Street Corridor Plan prior to the pandemic but the commission put it on hold because “we didn’t feel like the remote meetings, the virtual meetings, were going to be conducive to the type of public input that we wanted to have,” Daly said. The commission decided to instead

focus on a general plan update because the city has $80,000 set aside for it, he said. City Council member Tami Fillmore commented that it was important to get an overall vision and stick to it in terms of developing plans for the city. “The stronger that we can do this general plan process I’m hopeful that we can have that as an outcome,” she said. Council member George McEwan said it was important to exercise responsible planning which would include sustainability and water conservation goals. The commission also wants to focus on developing an accessory dwelling ordinance, updating the subdivision ordinance, and addressing moderate income housing. The commission also plans to update the standards for conditional use permits to ensure they comply with state requirements. “It really becomes difficult trying to decide what factors need to be mitigated and what don’t need to be mitigated,” Daly

said. The planning commission asked the staff to research parking requirements in the city and wants to make those ordinances more consistent and more responsive to changes that have come in the community. “One of the mistakes that we have made is we have areas of the city that have been zoned, for example, industrial, and we’ve been a little bit too permissive in what we’re allowing in the industrial zone,” Daly said. The city should be consider parking more carefully when approving additional permitted uses, he said. “We on the planning commission wanted to talk about parking because we wanted to have a more thorough conversation about it and not just catch all these individual ones that come along,” he said. Planning Commission member Spencer Summerhays also commented that the commission wants to create more specifici-

ty in the parking ordinances. With growth and “skyrocketing” prices, “we need to shift thinking that parking should never bleed over, for example, because if we’re doing that, we’re just exacerbating an already existing problem,” Fillmore commented. Daly agreed and said that with the identity of the community changing it was important to have a clear vision of what the city wants for the central city area. Commission members also want to streamline the approval process for residential development outside a platted subdivision. “With a little bit of work, we could actually speed up the process for applicants and allow staff to handle some of the applications,” Daly said. Daly said the planning commission will be working on these goals in the coming months. l

September 2021 | Page 7

Centerville holds off allowing golf carts on city streets Linda Petersen | The City Journal CENTERVILLE—The Centerville City Council has sent a proposed ordinance which would have allowed golf carts on city streets back to the staff for more research. In February, the Utah legislature passed a new law giving cities the power to decide whether to allow golf carts on municipal streets. (The bill had been requested by Elk Ridge, a Utah County city whose residents wanted to be able to drive their golf carts from their homes to the local golf course). Golf carts are not allowed on state roads. “Essentially the state is saying, ‘It’s up to you, local government, if you want to allow golf carts but if you do, you need to provide sufficient parameters on allowing golf carts,’” City Attorney Lisa Romney said. Although Centerville does not have a golf course, the city council asked Romney to prepare a draft ordinance which they discussed at their Aug. 3 meeting. The proposed ordinance would allow golf carts to be operated during daytime hours by anyone 18 or older on city streets where the speed limit does not exceed 25 mph. The driver would need to comply with local traffic laws and ensure the cart had reflectors and a rearview mirror and would not transport more people than the cart was designed for. At that meeting, Police Chief Paul Child

expressed his opposition to the proposed ordinance. “I’m really uncomfortable allowing golf carts on the road,” he said. “Under the description this could be a three-wheel vehicle which to me are much less stable.” Child said a lack of turn signals and potential speed of a golf cart that has its regulator removed were some of his concerns. “You can get some speed out of them if you turn off the regulator on them – they can go pretty fast going downhill – so I have some concerns about it,” he said. Child said golf carts were treated in a manner similar to bicycles in the proposed ordinance and that the way it was written, they could be used on sidewalks. “It seems like we’re allowing more and more and different types of vehicles on the highways,” he said, listing other modes of transportation including Hoverboards, motorized scooters and small children in motorized cars. “We don’t have a golf course here and that seems to me to be probably a more compelling reason to allow it so that people can drive their golf cart from their house to a golf course down the street a little ways,” he added. “So, I ‘m uncomfortable with it; I would not recommend adopting this ordinance.”

Golfers have expressed an interest in being able to drive their carts to and from their home to the golf course using city streets. Since Centerville doesn’t have a golf course city leaders are still studying the issue. Courtesy photo

Child also pointed out that if golf carts were allowed in Centerville, they would not be able to cross Main Street or other state roads. “I just think it’s an issue that we could be finding ourselves having some injuries and conflicts with traffic,” he said. After considering Child’s input, the coun-

cil determined the issue needed more study. They voted to table the vote on the proposed ordinance for two months to allow Romney and staff members to further research the issue. In her research, they asked Romney to specifically investigate how other communities that do not have golf courses are handling the issue. l

Care kits offer hope for those being released from custody at Davis County Jail


group of women in Farmington are organizing a project in September to put together kits for women leaving the Davis County Jail. The “Fresh Start Kits” provide hygiene items, fresh clothing, a bus pass, and Deseret Industries vouchers for clothing. “The kits are more than just a nice thing,” said Jewel Caldwell, leader of the Farmington group. “The longer they can go without contacting past contacts, the chance of returning to jail decreases.” “It kind of started with Scott Harbertson, former mayor of Farmington. He was assigned by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints to oversee all the church’s involvement with the Davis County Jail,” said Arnold Butcher, Chief Deputy over corrections. “He reached out to me and said that there was this program that people could get on and see what service projects they could do. He wanted to initiate this one where they started doing care packs for inmates when they were released, so they can have certain things to help them out.” In these care packs particularly, there are personal hygiene items, like shampoo, deodorant, specific to male and female, he said. “There are some additional care products for the females that are in the female packs. Usually, they involve a gift card to

Page 8 | September 2021

By Jackie Kartchner | The City Journal a fast-food restaurant, enough that they can get a meal immediately when they get out of custody. These men and women are also given vouchers to use at DI to get clothing.” The response from the community has been overwhelming. “We’ve had various organizations, youth groups that have done it,” said Butcher. “We’ve had, obviously, church religious groups that have done it. We have had individuals that have seen it on the website; they reach out and say, ‘My family wants to do that. If we could just do four or five of them.’ We take all of them.” They see a great response from the released inmates when it is offered to them. “It is not something you would normally expect, that you come to jail and then get released and are offered a care pack,” he said. Other programs exist to help those being released from custody. “We’re really trying to focus on overall health services to include mental health and physical health and dental health,” Butcher said. “One of the things we’re trying to get is having services for the females, like OB-GYN service. We are thinking about talking with the state, as far as females go and doing mammogram screenings for women in custody. Another program that we’re involved with is a trial

thing that has been in legislation with the state in setting up birth control, or continuing birth control, so there is no delay. They give them a small supply and refer them to pharmacies.” The same thing goes for the men, to establish things in here, where they can carry that over once they get on the outside and they can feel comfortable, said Butcher. “My biggest concern is mental health issues and ensuring we continue that on the outside,” he said. “We have a great relationship with Davis Behavioral Health. I would like to be able to expand on what we are able to do as far as getting them help in here. There is a big disconnect. Yes, the services are offered in correctional facilities in the state. They try to do the best they can and they do a really good job, but it is that transition when they go back into the community. Having that hand-off from being in custody to going back out.” The community can also help by being understanding of every one of these individuals. “At the very least, it is someone’s son or daughter,” Butcher said. “Understand that we are not trying to coddle people. We are trying to set them up for success, so when they do go out, they don’t reoffend. This is how we are working on public safety. Our

Jackie Kartchner holds a Fresh Start Kit made up of hygiene items, a bus pass and fresh clothing to assist inmates when they are released. Photo by Wayne Kartchner

sheriff has a mission statement: to serve the public and be actively engaged in improving the lives for everyone in Davis County. That includes the people we incarcerate in our facility.”l

Centerville | Farmington City Journal

Birds fight to protect the nest By Wayne Kartchner | The City Journal


hile riding my bike in the Farmington Bay waterfowl management area I met Rick Anderson, a Vietnam veteran, and an ex-policeman in his 70s. Rick has been widowed for seven years and is looking forward to being reunited with his loving bride, but meanwhile, since he can no longer walk well has started bird watching from his car with his little dog sitting beside him. I’ve heard a scientist say we should never attribute human emotion to any animals. To do so is completely wrong. Rick’s story may have you thinking that the scientists don’t know as much as they think they do. This spring Rick noticed a pair of Black-necked Stilts building a nest. Black-necked Stilts are beautiful black and white waterfowl about the size of a Robin but with extremely long legs. Every day he observed the nest and watched as the faithful male and female build the nest then the female laid four eggs and started incubating. For 28 days he watched with interest as daddy and mommy took turns on the nest. Whenever one of the birds would fly away to feed it was always to the west for a few minutes and then return to stand guard. On June 15 he watched through his telephoto lens and took pictures as the chicks started to break out of the shells. The ideal happy family. Then disaster! A White-faced Ibis. A bird about the size of a chicken with a long, curved bill approached and papa went berserk. It was clear the Ibis wanted to eat the chicks. He outweighed both Stilts many times, but daddy stilt caused such a commotion that he didn’t dare approach the nest, but he didn’t back away either. He wanted breakfast. He wanted

those chicks. For 15 minutes Rick watched the scene. It was 103 degrees and the male Stilt was starting to fail. His tongue was hanging out. He was exhausted. Even without lips, this Ibis seemed to smile. He knew papa couldn’t keep this up. It was only a matter of time before the babies were his. Then the unexpected happened. Daddy flew off. The Stilts always flew off to the west. Rick had watched for 28 days and knew this, but this time papa Stilt flew off to the north. The Ibis thought he had won and started to approach. He still had to deal with the mama, but that would be easy. He didn’t manage to get to her. Overhead a pair of American Avocets, a water bird just a little bigger than the Stilt, circled once and came in like a pair of P-40 flying Tigers. They seemed to strafe the Ibis before landing between him and the nest. The pair stood shoulder to shoulder challenging the Ibis. Those two Avocets clearly spoke to the Ibis and said, “This family is a friend of ours. You mess with them; you mess with us. Leave them alone.” The Ibis surprised, backed off a bit. The Avocets stood there for a few minutes, looked up, and then flew 200 feet south to a patch of mud. They had to make room for the next event. Up above circled once and then landed a Great Egret. One of the largest birds in the management area, the Great Egret is a spectacular white bird, with long legs, a long beak, and a huge wingspan. He landed in the same space as the Avocets, looked down at the Ibis and simply said, “No. Not these chicks.”

Papa fending off hungry White-faced Ibis. Photo by Rick Anderson

While the Egret was still standing there a third Blacknecked Stilt not mama or papa, flew in from the south, sent by the Avocets with a message, a broken eggshell. The new Stilt landed in front of the Ibis and seemed to say, “Look. We have babies here. Leave us alone. We are prepared to defend our family. We are prepared to defend our patch of mud and we have friends.” Rick definitely saw the human-side of the bird world that day. l


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September 2021 | Page 9

Warrior Rizen helps veterans find peace through service By Becky Ginos | becky.g LAYTON—For Rob Zamora serving his country is a way of life. The 57-year-old retired from the military a couple of years ago but that hasn’t stopped him from showing his patriotism and helping other veterans. Zamora rides with the Patriot Guard, a group of veterans who escorts at military funerals and homecomings on their motorcycles. “It’s to honor vets,” he said. “It all started with the Westboro Church protesting at funerals. We want to make sure they don’t do it again.” The guard takes the funeral line and rev their engines so that the family can’t hear them yelling, said Zamora. “One I was at there were so many bikers there they (protesters) didn’t have a chance. At a funeral in Tooele for a soldier killed in action the cops got in and got out before the protesters could even get out of their vans.” Zamora comes from a military family. “My dad served in the Air Force for 20 plus years and all of my uncles joined right out of high school,” he said. “Twelve years after he got out he got cancer from Agent orange.” Back in the 80s there wasn’t much choice, said Zamora. “I could flip burgers or travel the world. I took the latter and I took off to Germany, Korea. I touched my feet in

Rob and his wife Tracey on his Harley. Rob rides with the Patriot Guard that escorts at military funerals and homecomings. Courtesy

a lot of places in the military.” For the past year Zamora has been volunteering at Warrior Rizen, a ranch in Morgan that caters to vets. “I work on their equipment,” he said. “It’s a dude ranch. They have chickens, horses, you name it.” “My father-in-law John and his wife Barbara have five boys,” said Kenzie Schlichte with Warrior Rizen. “Most of the boys served in the military or with the police. He’s always wanted to give back his whole life. He created a little ranch nine years ago but when land became available on the



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Page 10 | September 2021


Veterans and their families experience beekeeping at Warrior Rizen ranch in Morgan. Courtesy

mountainside in Morgan he had a vision to turn it into much more. He established it as a dude ranch for vets and their families – specifically wounded vets – in 2016.” The veterans have the opportunity to experience farm life and enjoy other activities, she said. “Some of the families have lived on base their whole lives. Here they can get inside of a beehive or feed chickens. There’s a lot going on with farm animals. We hold concerts and go river rafting.” Often vets wouldn’t have done these things, said Schlichte. “One vet who was injured 10 years ago said ‘I haven’t had this much fun since then.’ It’s nice to see people get to do things they wouldn’t normally do.

It gives them a chance to face their fears and experience the other side of fear. It can be a healing place for vets.” Zamora enjoys going to the ranch but doesn’t talk to the other vets about what they’ve been through. “I don’t get into it,” he said. “I just say ‘thank you for your service and I’m glad you made it.’ It’s the code of conduct.” Although he’s retired, Zamora is grateful for his time in the military. “I wouldn’t trade it for anything in the world,” he said. “Give me my 20-year-old body and I would start it all over again. I miss it every day, the camaraderie.There were good times and hard times but it was the best of times.” l

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Centerville | Farmington City Journal

West Nile found in Davis County By Becky Ginos | KAYSVILLE—Mosquito bites are annoying and itchy but generally harmless unless the pesky insects have West Nile virus then there could be cause for concern. “We have every chance here for West Nile because of our proximity to birds,” said Elizabeth Hart, lab manager at the Mosquito Abatement District – Davis. “The mosquitoes bite the birds and they take in the virus from the bird’s blood and it replicates in the mosquitoes. Then it can be transmitted to humans, horses and other birds.” Most cases occur June through September. “We put traps throughout the county and bring them in to identify the species of mosquitoes,” she said. “There are multiple species. They have specific features that identify them such as the color of their legs, spots on their wings, their color. Little things that identify them.” Identification helps them determine the mosquitoes that can carry West Nile, said Hart. “We look to see if they have the RNA virus that causes West Nile. RNA is similar to DNA but it’s a single strand virus. We express it and do a PCR test like COVID and use that to find West Nile.” Hart said they test by trap and by species. “Then we can say it’s at this location

and this species at this time so we know exactly where it is. We have found West Nile in Davis County this year along the edge of the Great Salt Lake. Of course we’re hoping to avoid it getting into the human population.” According to the Davis County Health Department there have been no cases so far this season. Some signs and symptoms to watch for include a fever and mild headache, body aches, nausea, joint pain and vomiting. Most mild symptoms go away on their own. “We focus on those areas where we find West Nile and use larvicide,” said Hart. “We try to catch it in the larva (egg) state if possible to take care of it. Then we’ll do surveillance and monitor that location and use adulticide if needed.” Hart said they report the testing to the State Health Department every week. “We’ll spray a specific location based on how many mosquitoes are in that specific trap. That will justify whether to spray in that area or not.” Hart recommends that homeowners take the following steps to avoid mosquitoes congregating: • Monitor area containers with standing water. Change the water in bird baths

once a week. “Mosquitoes like old water so if you keep it fresh there’s less of a chance for habitation.” • Put fish in ornamental ponds. “We have mosquito fish that we can provide to potentially keep mosquitoes down,” she said. “Contact our office or go to our website to request the fish.”

• If possible wear long sleeves and pants outside, said Hart. “Use insect repellent when you are outside in the evening.” Hart said the agency is always available to answer any questions. “You can contact us and our field people will come out if you're concerned that you have mosquitoes on your property.” l

Farmington passes property tax increase to pay for six full-time paramedics By Wayne Kartchner | The City Journal


t the Truth and Taxation Hearing held on Aug. 17, the Farmington City Council voted unanimously to increase property taxes. The new funds raised will be used to pay the salary of six paramedics. Davis County has provided paramedic services since the 1970s. However, the county will no longer be providing paramedic service and cities in the county need to pick up the cost. The county will be lowering property tax and Farmington will be raising taxes. The net increase for an average home value of $494,000 will be approximately $43. Next year the bond for the police station will be paid off. If nothing is done next year Farmington property tax will be reduced on that same home by about $33, said Financial Director Greg Davis. “Why property tax and not a sales tax increase?” asked City Council member Scott Isaacson. City Manager Shane Pace explained that property tax is more stable. “Last year with the pandemic, sales tax revenue was greatly affected.” “It (the tax increase) is a large undertaking and we don't take it lightly,” said Mayor Jim Talbot. “Davis County has provided over 45 years of paramedic services (for our city),” said Farmington Fire Chief Guido Smith. “They have done a great job.” The Farmington Fire Department has four people at the fire station 24 hours a day seven days a week he said. Three people are full-time positions and one position is part-time. All four of these firefighters also have ad-

vanced EMT (Emergency Medical Technician) training. “What this staffing addition will do is to put six bodies in the station,” said Smith. “So, we will increase the staffing by two paramedics on each of the three shifts. We have additional staff that we are paying to go through paramedic school. Our eventual goal is to have four paramedics on every shift. That way if we get two back-to-back calls, we will be able to respond." The tax increase will be used exclusively to pay for the salaries of the two additional paramedics. It will not be used to buy any equipment needed by the paramedics. The additional equipment needed will come from existing funds. The total salary for all six full-time paramedics is expected to be $566,000. “Our budget could not absorb that cost,” Davis said. “We have no choice [about hiring the paramedics] since the county is discontinuing paramedic service.” “How are we going to handle wage increases?” said Farmington resident Connie Deianni. New residential and business construction would bring additional revenue, Davis said. Chris Monroe and Dave Tate both expressed concern that Farmington needed a fire station on the west side of Farmington. “In the last several years the center of Farmington has moved to the west and there is a need for a station on the west side,” Pace said. “Fortunately, the city has a six-acre piece of property available on the west side that

Davis County has been providing paramedic services for more than 45 years. That will now shift to the individual cities. Photo by Wayne Kartchner

might be available for a fire station. Until a new station is built, we have a substation at the city shop with a firetruck. It is not staffed.” Pace said the firetruck is stationed there so that there will be a truck available if access is cut between east and west Farmington.l

September 2021 | Page 11

Nine years without a cold? By Priscilla Schnarr

Scientists have discovered a natural way to kill germs fast. Now thousands of people are using it against viruses and bacteria in the nose and on skin. Germs, such as viruses and bacteria, can multiply fast. When unwanted germs get in your nose they can spread and cause misery unless you stop them early. In the last 20 years, hundreds New device puts copper right where you need it. of studies by government and Early user Mary Pickrell said, “I university scientists show the natural element copper kills germs just by touch. can’t believe how good my nose feels.” “What a wonderful thing!” exclaimed The EPA officially declared copper to be “antimicrobial”, which means it kills Physician’s Assistant Julie. “Is it supmicrobes, including viruses, bacteria, posed to work that fast?” Pat McAllister, 70, received one for and fungus. The National Institutes of Health Christmas. “One of the best presents says, “The antimicrobial activity of cop- ever. This little jewel really works.” Frequent flier Karen Gauci used to per is now well established.” Ancient Greeks and Egyptians used suffer after crowded flights. Though copper to purify water and heal wounds. skeptical, she tried copper on travel days They didn’t know about microbes, but for 2 months. “Sixteen flights and not a sniffle!” she exclaimed. now we do. Businesswoman Rosaleen says when Scientists say the high conductance of copper disrupts the electrical balance people around her show signs of unwantin a microbe and destroys it in seconds. ed germs, she uses copper morning and Some hospitals tried copper for touch night. “It saved me last holidays,” she surfaces like faucets and doorknobs. said. “The kids had the crud going round They say this cut the spread of MRSA, and round, but not me.” Attorney Donna Blight tried copper and other illnesses by over half and for her sinus. “I am shocked!” she said. saved lives. The strong scientific evidence gave “My head cleared, no more headache, no inventor Doug Cornell an idea. He made more congestion.” A man with trouble breathing through a smooth copper probe with a tip to fit in his nose at night tried copper just before the bottom of his nose. The next time he felt a tickle in his bed. “Best sleep I’ve had in years!” In a lab test, technicians placed 25 nostril that warned of a cold about to start, he rubbed the copper gently in his million live flu viruses on a CopperZap. No viruses were found alive soon after. nose for 60 seconds. The handle is curved and textured to “The cold never got going,” he exclaimed. “That was September 2012. I increase contact. Copper can kill germs use copper in the nose every time and I picked up on fingers and hands. The EPA says copper still works when tarnished. have not had a single cold since then.” CopperZap is made in America of “We don’t make product health claims so I can’t say cause and effect. pure copper. It has a 90-day full money back guarantee. The price is $79.95. But we know copper is antimicrobial.” Get $10 off each CopperZap with He asked relatives and friends to try it. They reported the same thing, so he code UTCJ12 at patented CopperZap® and put it on the or 1-888-411-6114. Buy Once, Use Forever. market. Soon hundreds of people had tried it. Statements herein are not intended and The feedback was 99% positive if they should not be interpreted as product used the copper within 3 hours after the health claims, and have not been evalfirst sign of unwanted germs, like a tick- uated by the FDA. Not claimed to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. le in the nose or a scratchy throat. advertorial

Page 12 | September 2021

Tom Hardy, former Bountiful city manager speaks to the board during the Truth in Taxation meeting on Aug. 2. Photo by Becky Ginos

SDMF adopts new tax rate, lowers increase for residents By Becky Ginos | BOUNTIFUL—Following a Truth in Taxation hearing on Aug. 2 on a proposed tax increase for the South Davis Metro Fire Service Area, the Governing Board voted on Aug. 16 to adopt a new tax rate together with an increase in each agencies’ respective assessments of 10 percent. The change will lower the residents’ tax burden. “The original tax rate of 0.000620 was lowered to 0.000585,” said Ken Leetham, Administrative Committee Chair. “That shifts the difference to the cities that make up the district. The citizens will be happier that they’ll pay less than what was published.” The Service Area is facing significant barriers to funding its operations without additional revenues through a property tax increase, Leetham said in a letter to the Board. “Our Board of City Managers made the recommendation to change the tax rate and they voted to follow that. The Service Area will still be funded as proposed in the original budget.” The property tax increase would cover: • Debt service • The costs of 24 full-time employees which greatly enhanced the Area’s collective level of service • Annual funding of the multi-year capital equipment plan It is also intended to cover 100 percent of the costs of the three existing paramedic units because of the changes made to the countywide paramedic services, said Leetham. “This rate accounts for the elimination of the county’s paramedic tax and the annual payment from the county to the Service Area related to paramedics.” “We could have a Truth in Taxation every year to make an incremental increase,” said North Salt Lake Mayor and Board Chair Len Arave. “I’m in favor of

that. There are some CARES funds out there but at some point in time we have to know what’s going on in the cities. Any cost increase would be going to the cities.” “Unfortunately a whole bunch of organizations are going through it (Truth in Taxation),” said Davis County Commission Chair Bob Stevenson. “I got an email the other day from someone who said he would do everything he could to get me out of office. One of the hard things is that people don’t understand how it works.” Raising taxes is a difficult thing, he said. “But we have to try and create the best environment we can for fire, police, mosquito abatement, etc. I hope in the future any taxing entities will look for ways to keep taxes down. Ten percent is a big number.” “If you look at the budget’s history we expect some additional assessment,” said Centerville Mayor and board member Clark Wilkinson. “If we had Truth in Taxation every year a 2-3 percent increase would be less of a shock to people, but I’m not a big fan of going through it every year.” Wilkinson said he’s crunched the numbers and they don’t have the ability as a board to go out and get additional revenue. “I hate tax increases, everybody hates them. It’s a case of needs versus wants. Paramedic services are critical. It’s a big need rather than a want.” “I would welcome more Truth in Taxation,” said West Bountiful Mayor and board member Ken Romney. “Some things would come up and we’d deal with them. But as a group as a whole I’m supportive of going with what’s been proposed by the committee for the 10 percent increase (to cities).” Ultimately the board voted unanimously to adopt the new tax rate. l

Centerville | Farmington City Journal

Bangerter farm – the cream of the crop By Becky Ginos |

BOUNTIFUL—There’s a lot of work that goes into the produce that ends up on the dinner table and Alan Bangerter knows where it all starts. Bangerter has been working on the family farm since he was a child and knows what it takes to keep it running. “It was easier back then,” he said. “We worked hard and started before 6. Personally I liked it. I felt like I was making a difference.” Bangerter attended Tolman Elementary which was about 200 yards from his house. “We worked every day,” he said. “There was always something to do. There were six of us spread out and I was the next to youngest. We didn’t do a lot of outdoor play. There was no such thing as soccer or baseball – there wasn’t time for it.” The farm dates back to 1902 when Bangerter’s great grandfather Nicklas Bangerter purchased some of the current acreage. Nicklas was a renowned farmer in the Bountiful area. “In 1906, my grandfather Orson N. Bangerter was married and soon built a home on the property and started to farm it as his own,” said Bangerter. “My father Charles W. Bangerter was born on the farm in 1918 and worked on it continually for over 80 years until his death in 1999.” Alan was born in 1951 and worked with his father who called his operation Chas. W. Bangerter and Sons. “We incorporated in 1973 and started Chas. W. Bangerter & Sons, Inc., our current company.” In 2000 they found out Legacy Highway would be coming through their farm. “UDOT got 30 acres that were originally by I-15,” said Bangerter. “They did take

an additional eight acres for Legacy so they got at total of 38 acres.” With the money from the sale to UDOT, they were able to purchase 22 acres from an owner in California. “Since that time we have been able to develop that property and our other 46 acres into some of the most productive for vegetable crops in the county and even the whole state,” he said. Bangerter’s is well known for its stands but the bulk of their produce goes to retailers. “Ninety percent is at the wholesale level and 10 percent at the stands,” he said. “We set those up so people can come get what they need. We grow little bits of crop to support the stands. We supply half a dozen restaurants. The Mandarin was the first one and our main one. They’ve been supporting us for 30 years.” They also donate to the food bank three times a week. “We give them our surplus,” said Bangerter. “We delivered over 100,000 pounds to the Bountiful Food Pantry in 2020. What they don’t need they share with other pantries.” Just like everyone else they had to adjust to the pandemic but it was the wind in September 2020 that really devastated the farm. “It brought everything to a screeching halt,” Bangerter said. “We had very little left. By the time it grew back the frost came earlier.” Now the drought has hit them hard as well. “We have been watching every drop of water,” he said. “They’re going to shut off Weber water on Sept. 20. I have 15-18 acres that can only go three and a half days

The farm is a family affair. Left to right: Nick, Alan, his wife Diane who passed away in 2019, Bryce and Chuck. Courtesy photo

without water. It could be nearly as devastating as the wind storm. Eleven days at harvest makes quite a bit of difference to zucchini and yellow squash.” Up until 2016 we hired local adults and teens to harvest, said Bangerter. “We do two semi loads a day. It got so the teens couldn’t do it so we had to hire more adults. It’s all hand harvested. We don’t have anything that gets itself to market.” l

City Journal writers win SPJ awards By Tom Haraldsen |


he City Journals were honored with 16 awards from the Utah Headliners Chapter of the Society of Professional Journalists during its awards banquet held in Salt Lake City. Writers were awarded for their work during 2020. First Place awards went to Life and Laughter columnist Peri Kinder for her column titled “A Brave New World” in the Newspaper A Division (highest division), and in Newspaper B Division to writer Cassandra Goff for her story “Life saving medication now becomes affordable, accessible;” and to writer William D. Hardesty for his article “One year later, city continues to honor Officer David Romrell.” The Journals also received Second Place awards for Kinder for her Life and Laughter column titled “Tomorrow is Another Day in Quarantine” (Division A); and in Division B to Goff for “How coronavirus has impacted local restaurants, firefighters, police and cities,” to Goff and Josh Wood for “Fallout from Mill Hollow Project continues;” to Sona Schmidt-Harris for “Artist of the Month Camille C. Wheatley;” to Schmidt-Harris for “Do spiritual experiences show up on an MRI Scan?” Earning Third Place awards from the Journal were Carl Fauver for “MHS wres-

The Utah SPJ chapter has honored 16 City Journals stories. Courtesy photo

tling team, and a former team member, are each starting 2020 strong;” Schmidt-Harris for “Stories of the Earth, oceans and life captured in Maori sculpture’s work;” Goff for “Coronavirus the latest medical challenge for a Taylorsville resident;” Sarah Morton Taggart for “Loyal customers keep Midvale’s longest running restaurant afloat;” Morton Taggert for “Flourish Bakery moves

to Midvale;” and Hardesty for “Police chief provides update to council on practices, policies.” Hardesty also received Honorable Mention awards for “Remote Kindergarten has its challenges, say South Salt Lake teachers,” and “After 66 years, SSL volunteer firefighter honored.” l

September 2021 | Page 13

UWLP survey shows women in the workforce are struggling By Peri Kinder |

f there’s one good thing about COVID-19, it might be that the pandemic illuminated the challenges that women face in the workforce, especially with childcare. As schools and daycare facilities closed at the beginning of the pandemic, women bore a disproportionate share of the burden as they tried to keep their heads above water by juggling job responsibilities, homeschooling kids and taking care of housework. Salt Lake County resident Heather Stewart felt the struggle firsthand when her office shut down, schools closed and she was stuck trying to homeschool two elementary school-aged children while keeping up with her full-time job. “It was hard to get done what I needed to for work and be present for my kids,” she said. “I felt stretched in every direction. My daughter got behind in math. I knew it was happening, I could see it happening but I didn’t have the energy to do anything about it. I was so burned out.” Dr. Susan Madsen, Founding Director of the Utah Women & Leadership Project, said she thinks it’s time to start a conversation about supporting women in their roles as business leaders and mothers. “Finally, the pandemic is opening the eyes of some legislators,” Madsen said. “Lt. Governor [Deidre] Henderson is on this and she knows we need to support our families.” More than 3,500 women responded to a survey sent out by the UWLP, asking them to share challenges they’ve faced during the pandemic in regard to caregiving, career advancement, homeschool experiences and burnout. The results showed 16% of women had some type of withdrawal from the workplace, whether it was a lay-off, the company closed, their hours were cut or they were furloughed. For

another 12%, women saw their workload increase by moving from part-time to full-time or by taking on more responsibility. “We had women who just couldn’t do it. They couldn’t watch their toddler and teach their 3-year-old and manage their departments,” Madsen said. “Teachers really took the brunt. They weren’t being appreciated and put in so much more.” Madsen shared an example of a teacher who was sick with COVID but was still teaching online. There was nobody to fill in for her and she couldn’t let her students down. Childcare workers were also heavily impacted by COVID. The ones who responded to the survey expressed frustration at being disrespected and unseen. They don’t want to do it anymore. “In every case, they felt they were trying to take care of essential workers’ kids while worrying about spreading the virus to other children who might take it home to a parent or grandparent,” Madsen said. While national and global reports show the majority of workers were adversely affected by the pandemic, women seemed to be affected disproportionately. When Stewart was asked to participate at an in-person meeting for her job, all the men could be there, but she couldn’t attend without finding childcare. “Why was I the only one who had to stay home with the kids?” she said. “It’s such an entrenched part of how our society operates. My workplace was actually great and very understanding. It’s just how things shake out. But it’s how things always shake out.” The survey found similar results for women trying to balance working from home with teaching children. Mothers did the lion’s share of the work to keep everything together.


Page 14 | September 2021

SEPT. 10-25, 2021


A survey conducted by the Utah Women & Leadership Project shows women have been disproportionately affected by the pandemic.

“It was really the moms that took a beating,” Madsen said. “Only 24% of respondents said they had a supportive spouse or partner. The hard thing about work is it’s societal. You have to change society. We've been socialized from the time we’re born to believe that men should be leaders.” Madsen wants to start the discussion with legislators about improving the workplace for women by enhancing leave policies, creating flexible schedules and helping moms with childcare support. The UWLP will host a free, online fireside chat with Henderson on Friday, Oct. 1 at noon to tackle these topics. The event will be livestreamed to reach as many people as possible. Madsen hopes men will also listen to the conversation. Visit for more information about this discussion with the lieutenant governor who has secured the reputation for being an advocate for women. “I feel called to do this work,” Madsen said. “It’s not women versus men. What lifts women, lifts men, too. More people are listening but more people need to join the conversation.”l




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Back-to-School Shopping Costs More this Year

This year we all need a lift!

By Robert Spendlove, Zions Bank Senior Economist


arents with schoolaged children have probably noticed that back-toschool shopping is costing more this year. Spending on school supplies is expected to hit an all-time high of $850 for the average family in 2021, according to the National Retail Federation. That’s about $60 more than last year. And families of college students are paying even more, with an average spend of $1,200, up $140 from last year. Of course, inflation is affecting much more than just school supplies. Over the past year, we’ve seen price growth across nearly all spending categories, with higher sticker prices everywhere from the grocery store to the gas pump. This is the result of pent-up demand as well as supply chain delays. Fortunately, it looks like price gains may be moderating. In July, the Consumer Price Index had its smallest monthto-month increase since February after reaching a 13-year high in June. Still, inflation is well above pre-pandemic levels, with consumer prices increasing 5.4% over the past year. When it comes to school expenses, your pocketbook may feel the sting in a few areas: • Clothing prices have jumped 4.2% over the past year, with girls’ apparel up 5% and boys’ apparel up 2.6%. • Replacing outgrown kids’ shoes with new ones will cost 3.6% more than last year, while footwear overall is up 4.6%. • Educational books and supplies have ticked up 2.6% since last year.

• Prices on personal computers, including tablets, desktop computers and laptops, are 3.7% higher than last year, due in part to a global chip shortage pushing up prices. • Packing your child’s lunchbox is more expensive than last year, with food prices up 3.4%. • The school carpool has gotten much more expensive, with gas prices jumping 41.8% year over year. How long will price gains continue? That’s the big question economists are debating right now. Some are concerned that these inflationary increases could continue to build because of increased federal spending and low interest rates. Others say these price increases are temporary and will slow down when the current supply chain disruptions start to recede. The surge in COVID cases tied to the delta variant could also slow price increases as consumers pull back on spending amid concerns about the virus, but no one wants that solution to inflationary pressures. Regardless of whether price increases slow in the future, we won’t see immediate relief on family budgets this back-toschool season. However, Utahns can take heart in the latest jobs report that shows our economy remains among the best in the nation. Beehive State employment increased 4.2% from July 2019 to July 2021, compared to a 2.8% decline nationally, according to Utah’s Department of Workforce Services. Meanwhile, the state’s unemployment rate of 2.6% is near historic lows, compared to 5.4% unemployment nationally. Despite the challenges of the past year and a half, our state’s economy has shown itself to be resilient and continues to perform well. Robert Spendlove is senior economist for Zions Bank, a division of Zions Bancorporation, N.A l


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New principal to lead Knowlton Elementary By Peri Kinder |


ike many people in education, Jeri Thomas had a teacher in elementary school who inspired her and could see her potential. As the new principal at Knowlton Elementary, Thomas hopes she can extend that inspiration to the students she’ll serve each day. “We’ve all had people who have influenced our lives and given us the confidence to believe in ourselves,” Thomas said. “I wanted to be in a profession that does that for kids. My goal every day is to make a positive impact with our kids.” Thomas has worked in the Davis School District since 1988 when she started teaching third grade at Columbia Elementary. She also taught at Windridge and Muir Elementaries and worked in an administration job with the district. As an administrator, she missed the daily interaction with students and teachers, so she decided to return to the classroom where she could develop a close relationship to the school and community. After serving as principal at Adelaide Elementary for eight years, Thomas comes to Knowlton looking forward to opportunities and experiences in a new school. Her first task is getting familiar with the culture of the new school and her second task is to support the in-

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Page 16 | September 2021

Health Services Administrator Sabrina Harman stands by the medical units at the Davis County Correctional Facility. Photo by Becky Ginos Principal Jeri Thomas is excited to start her new role at Knowlton Elementary in Farmington.

dividual needs of students and teachers. COVID-19 is still a big factor in schools, with some parents challenging the wearing of masks and other parents worried about their child’s safety in the classroom. Trying to balance everyone’s concerns while establishing a nurturing environment for education is an endeavor all principals and teachers face this fall. “We’ve had a challenging year-and-a-half, and we're not done,” Thomas said. “We’re following the health guidelines that we’ve been given. Wearing a mask is an individual choice. We’re practicing social distancing, when possible, and continuing with frequent hand washing. I know we won’t meet everyone’s preferences, but we’re doing the best we can. Knowlton Elementary has 24 teachers and 680 students returning to the classroom, and it’s Thomas’s job to bring them all together in a cohesive way that supports learning and growth, whether that means learning an academic concept or finding new ways to communicate with each other. “I need to listen and hear their concerns and work together to figure out reasonable solutions,” she said. “It’s challenging and every person is unique. The key is listening.” Thomas is not one to back away from a tough situation and as a leader in the community she wants to promote optimism and joy, with the idea that the best solutions are a collaboration between the school and families. When she’s not in her office, Thomas enjoys spending time with her four children and grandson with trips to Bear Lake, game nights, sports, reading or paddle boarding. She hopes to bring that sense of playfulness to Knowlton as she starts a new journey in Farmington. “I’m looking forward to getting to know these kids and the community. I’ll be working on building those relationships,” she said. “I try to be positive and caring and responsive in the interactions with the people around me. I love to work hard and have fun.”l

Davis County Jail works to prevent inmate suicides By Becky Ginos | FARMINGTON—Sometimes it’s just the little things that can prevent someone from taking their own life. At the Davis County Correctional Facility, they are taking steps to assist inmates in crisis and give them the help they need. “Since COVID when inmates come in they have to be quarantined,” said Health Services Administrator Sabrina Harman. “This can negatively impact inmates’ mental health so we’ve implemented some very simple things over all to help them through quarantine.” Harman said they provide books to help inmates pass the time. “They also have a view of the TV screen. We give them a care package with hygiene items, a word search and sudoku book. Two weeks is rough.” They also give out packets of Gatorade, she said. “It’s not only good for hydration but it’s a good opportunity for the nurse to say ‘hey, how are you doing? We’re here for you.’ It just gives the nurse an opportunity to touch base.” Mental health providers from Davis Behavioral Health are in the building and available to inmates all the time, said Harman. “They’re always checking on everyone.They meet with people in the units and might find several who may have been suicidal and get them on a watch before anything happens.” Several months ago the facility started a program to provide tablets to the inmates. “It not only provides ways for them to pass time, it has benefited in so many ways for mental health,” she said. “There’s a vaccine program on it that gives inmates information to be better informed. Access to care and family positively affects mental health.” There’s also a way to search for jobs. “The amount of searching is shocking to us

that so many are looking for jobs when they’re released,” Harman said. “That they have hope for the future as they’re being released helps with mental health as well.” The Sheriff has every member of the staff take a one-day training on how to handle people in crisis, she said. “It gives tips to watch for if you see changes in an inmate or insights into mental health behavior. Even the office staff takes it so if someone comes into the front the ladies can recognize it. It helps everyone be a little more aware and having that knowledge they can react positively.” Nurses assess everybody that enters the facility, Harman said. “If an inmate were to disclose or a nurse is very concerned they’ll immediately refer them for a mental health check. If they identify someone who has depression or suicidal thoughts that might benefit from medication they can be referred to one of our medical providers.” If someone is found to be suicidal or has suicidal thoughts all the staff knows how to get them to a safe place, she said. “We’ve identified certain places where they can be placed so they can’t harm themselves.” Sheriff (Kelly) Sparks believes that inmates should leave in better shape than when they got here, said Harman. “We want to make sure that every inmate is safe and that they are heard. We always have a heavy heart when someone tries or is successful at ending their own life. It’s hard on all of us. Our goal is to keep everyone safe.” It’s all the little working parts that improve the safety of our inmates, she said. “I’m proud of the work we’ve done and we’ll keep striving to make it better. I’m amazed every day by our mental health professionals, nurses, deputies and staff and how they care for the inmates. They do wonderful work.” l

Centerville | Farmington City Journal

COVID taught students long-lasting life skills By Peri Kinder |


s students, teachers and parents dealt with Pandemic 101 during the last school year, they’re gearing up for Pandemic 201 as kids head back to class. But Davis School District Directors Kathleen Chronister and Belinda Kuck believe we can take the skills learned during COVID-19 to help students be successful. Kuck, DSD Teaching and Learning Director, said kids have learned resilience, independence and the ability to adapt to changing circumstances. A drop in academic skills might be a factor this year, but is not insurmountable as the learning loss has been worldwide, especially if students are taught that bouncing back is a life skill. “Teachers will always do what they do best, help students move to the next level,” Kuck said. “We have to be intentional about teaching resilience when students may be struggling.” The pandemic also forced everyone in the school system, from students and parents to administrators, to collaborate to find the best solutions. Although group projects at the college level are usually met with derision, collaboration was necessary for success in the classroom as the pandemic affected daily schedules, routines and schoolwork. Learning how to be part of an effective team is a lifelong skill children take with them as they move through the school system and into a career. This is also an opportunity to simplify. Over the last three years, DSD has emphasized less is more when it comes to curriculum. Teachers have been asked to clarify the common core standards to help students understand a handful of core components completely, as opposed to hun-

dreds of ideas superficially. “We used to say, teach an inch deep and a mile wide. Let’s flip that to say, teach an inch wide and a mile deep,” Kuck said. “It was hard last year because we were building everything as we taught it.” As DSD Director of Social and Emotional Learning, Chronister knows there’s a lot of angst among teachers returning to the classroom. Principals are asked to be extra supportive and empathetic, and to create an environment where every voice is heard. As teachers feel validated with their concerns, they’ll be prepared to take on new opportunities and face challenges with enthusiasm. For parents, the stress level has reached an all-time high as kids return to school with COVID-19 numbers on the rise. The DSD community relations team has done a lot of outreach to inform, educate and reassure parents that students are in a safe environment physically, socially and emotionally. “Student safety is our first concern,” Chronister said. While learning loss might not be a big factor for students in third grade and above, younger students have experienced 18 months of disruptive schooling, making the return to the classroom more difficult, with the potential for significant learning loss. To help these younger students, more than 2,100 kindergartners and first- and second-graders participated in the DSD Summer School for Littles, a program that identified students who fell behind on reading skills and provided online tutoring with a teacher and a small group of children to help take their reading levels up a notch. The district

Students are learning new ways to study as they return to the classrooms this fall. Courtesy photo

also purchased 1,000 licenses for students to work with the Waterford learning platform, where learning can be done online at the student’s pace. Additionally, online platforms helped junior high and high school students catch up on concepts they might have missed or not completed. “We’ve done a really great job of meeting students and parents where they are and taking them to the next level,” Kuck said. Chronister added, “We’re doing this together, we’re going through this together and we’re doing the best we can.”l

Tax Commission goes back to some remote appeals By Tom Haraldsen |


fter reversing the pandemic-mandated remote only appeal hearings last month, the Utah Tax Commission is once again shifting gears and offering remote hearings for those who do not feel comfortable meeting in-person. Commission Chairman John Valentine said that in response to public feedback, the Commission has determined that “for (future) hearings, all appeal hearings will be remote, with an option for in-person hearings.” If an in-person hearing is requested, the parties must give the Commission and the other parties to the appeal at least one week’s notice. “Practitioners have indicated to us that, in many cases, they would prefer remote appeals hearings to reduce the expenses of their expert witnesses for hotel, airfare and per diem. Under this plan, their experts could appear remotely,” said Commission spokesperson Tammy Kikuchi. “We have further found that pro se appellants prefer remote hearings as being less intrusive to their schedules and as being conducted in a less intimidating environment,” Commissioner Valentine said. In addition, the policy change is in line

with 2021 General Session S.B. 15, Workforce Solutions for Air Quality, which promotes increased state employee teleworking when air quality is poor or under other special circumstances. There have been five of these “Surge Remote Workdays” in the past two weeks due to extreme heat and concern about pollution – encouraging state employees in non-essential positions to work remotely. “This policy change will allow the Tax Commission a nimble response to notifications from the Governor’s Office of Planning and Budget of these air quality or special circumstance days, which can be unanticipated or occur on short notice,” Kikuchi said. “But the Tax Commission emphasizes its commitment to providing in-person appeals hearings for those who desire them.” In the event an in-person appeals hearing is requested, all of the necessary personnel would be in attendance, including the Administrative Law Judge, the assigned Commissioner if the hearing is a Formal Hearing, the security personnel, the clerk and other necessary staff involved with the case.l

September 2021 | Page 17

King Green still in the saddle at 100 By Becky Ginos |

BOUNTIFUL—Over the last 100 years, O. King Green has seen a lot – mostly from a mountain top on a horse. Green is responsible for paving several of the trails above Bountiful and celebrated his 100th birthday on Aug. 5. “I was born in Salt Lake City and moved to Bountiful in 1946,” Green said. “After I got out of the service we built a home on 10 East and 400 North. It was the first home built up there. We saw all the changes. It was only farm land or vacant ground.” In 1955, the Greens sold that home and built another one in the same area. “That’s when I got my first horse and I’ve never been without one since. It’s great therapy to have a horse.” Green joined the back country horsemen and started trail blazing after the flood of 1983. “I flooded our backyard,” he said. “I started to build a trail up Ward Canyon. It was a challenge but I worked on it when I had any spare time. I loved being up there.” In 1991, Green started the trail up Holbrook Canyon. “You couldn’t ride a horse up there then,” he said. “I would go as far as I could get then I’d build that trail until I got to the top of the mountain.

I got some help on it too. I loved that, I’d spend all the time I could building the trail up there.” He also worked on the Kenny Creek trail up Mueller Park Canyon. “I love the mountains. I spend time building trails whenever I can.” Green worked as a carpenter before the war and after the war started working at Hill Air Force Base as an aircraft mechanic and then writing modifications on the missile program. “When I retired I started carpentry work again,” he said. “I enjoyed that probably more than anything. I would do finishing work on stairway railings, crown moldings, just general finishing work. I worked with three different interior decorators. It was a great enjoyment for me.” Green has also kept a diary since 1936. “I’ve written in it every night,” he said. “Every night before bed I write in my journal. My wife died in 2015 and I miss her a lot. Now as I read every night I feel like I’m living back in those days.” There have been a lot of changes over 100 years, said Green. “I grew up in the Depression. Everybody was poor then. But nobody thought they were poor.” Everyone helped so much during

Friends and family gathered at Bountiful Park for a big birthday celebration. Photo by Roger V. Tuttle

WWII, he said. “You could only get three gallons of gas and you couldn’t go over 35 mph. There was food rationing, food stamps and war bonds. Everybody got into the war (effort).” Green said he’s always been fascinated with the pioneers and took part in the wagon train into Salt Lake City along the Mormon Pioneer Trail. “Another ride was on the Honeymoon Trail from Arizona to St. George,” he said. “We’d

sleep on the ground. I loved that so much. There’s lots of rides I’ve been on that are very choice.” At 100, Green has given up riding. “I quit riding because I couldn’t sit straight on the horse,” he said. “But today on my 100th birthday I got on him and rode around. It felt so good to be in the saddle again. I’m blessed to be able to do that.” l


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Redistricting process begins as committee receives 2020 Census Data By Becky Ginos | SALT LAKE CITY—Every 10 years the legislature redraws district boundaries based on the information gathered from the most recent U.S. Census. Due to the pandemic, that data was not available until the end of last month. Now, the Legislative Redistricting Committee must analized that information to redraw district boundaries. The committee met on Aug. 16 to lay the groundwork for the task ahead. Utah is the fastest-growing state in the nation, growing by 18.4 percent since 2010 when the last redistricting took place. However, the data shows not all areas grew evenly. Those who hold office must be elected from districts with approximately an equal population to fulfill constitutional requirements. Washington County and Utah County both grew much faster than the state average with their population increasing by 1.47 percent over the last 10 years. To achieve constitutional balance, these areas will need to gain representation. Utah County will need to pick up an additional 6 percent of a congressional seat, 43 percent of a state Senate seat, one state House seat and 22 percent of a state School Board seat based on the committee’s analysis, according to material provided. Conversely, Weber County and Salt Lake County decreased by 1.03 percent and 0.035 percent of the total percentage of the state’s population. Therefore, the districts in those areas will need to increase in geographical size. Based on the committee’s analysis, in Salt Lake County the population changes will

result in a decrease of 4 percent of a congressional seat, 30 percent of a state Senate seat, 77 percent of a state House seat and 15 percent of a state school board seat. “Now that we finally have the data, we can analyze how our state’s population has grown and shifted over the last decade,” Sen. Scott Sandall, co-chair of the Legislative Redistricting Committee said in a statement. “Redistricting is essential for accurate representation. As individuals elected by the people, we want to ensure fair representation for the next 10 years. Our next step in the process is to communicate and receive feedback from Uthans on how to best draw boundaries that serve all areas of the state while meeting population criteria.” “The constitution requires us to follow the data,” Rep. Paul Ray, co-chair of the Legislative Redistricting Committee said. “We are bound to draw districts that rebalance representation to reflect the current population of the state. Our task over the next few months is to figure out exactly how to do that in a way that makes sense for all citizens in the state.” The committee began a statewide tour starting in September to listen to the public’s comments and discuss the redistricting process. An online tool will also be available for citizens to draw and submit their own redistricting maps in early September. For more information, visit redistricting.utah. gov. l

Population of Utah Counties

Counties are sorted from largest decrease to largest increase in percentage of state population


2010 Percent of State Pop

2020 Percent of State Pop














































San Juan
























Box Elder








































































































































0.51% 1.47%

Population Change

2010 Population

2020 Population











County Salt Lake Weber


Daggett Cache Rich Davis Morgan

Washington Utah














Change in Percent of State Pop

Prepared by the Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel Population source: 2010 Census and 2020 Census, U.S. Census Bureau

Increasing Use of Technology Strengthens Communities 6

By Bryan Thomas, Vice President of Engineering, Comcast Mountain West Region The internet is a powerful resource for furthering education, assisting with job searches, tracking your benefits, engaging in telehealth and keeping up with life. There’s no doubt, having access to the internet is more important than ever. And teams of hi-tech experts are working nonstop to provide Americans with internet access. In fact, Comcast and others in the broadband industry have invested nearly $2 trillion since 1996 to build some of the world’s fastest, most resilient, and most widely deployed networks anywhere—a remarkable commitment by any standard. ACCESS vs. ADOPTION As we emerge from the impacts of the pandemic, we are seeing that access isn’t the only gap to bridge. What often stands in the way of connectivity are roadblocks to broadband adoption, be it language barriers, lack of knowledge of available options, privacy concerns and more. Across Denver, and in metropolitan areas around the country, most homes have multiple

choices of broadband providers. According to Broadband Now, there are nearly 48 internet providers covering 98 percent of Utahns having access to broadband speeds over 25 Mbps. Utah ranks high as the 8thmost connected state in the country. For more than a decade, Comcast has been committed to doing our part to close the digital divide and addressing both the access and the adoption gap. Our partnerships with community organizations, educational institutions and business leaders are critical in making progress. Since 2011, Comcast has offered our Internet Essentials program, which has connected nearly 160,000 low-income Utahns to low-cost, highspeed internet at home—over 90% of whom did not have a connection when they applied for the service. Internet Essentials offers heavily discounted residential broadband ($9.95 per month) to qualifying families, seniors, and veterans in need, and serves as a model for other providers nationwide. Impressively, the NAACP hailed Internet Essentials as “the largest experiment ever attempted to close the digital divide.” And Comcast, through its Internet Essentials program, invested almost $700 million nationally in

digital literacy training and awareness. With its new “Lift Zone” initiative, Comcast is equipping community centers across the state with free Wi-Fi to support distance learning. But it doesn’t stop here. Over the next 10 years, Comcast will invest $1 billion to further close the digital divide and give more people the needed tools and resources to succeed in an increasingly digital world. The combined work and partnerships with community, education and business leaders like you will be critical to ensuring people have access, the hardware, the skills and are willing and able to connect with a reliable, secure broadband network. You all know and work directly with your constituents, clients, neighbors – and you have the trust of the people you serve. The axiom, “It takes a village…” has never been more relevant. Achieving the goal of having all people connected to the power of the internet will take the kind of focus and commitment on the part of all of us to connect more people to what matters most. To learn more about Comcast’s digital equity initiatives, or to refer organizations or people who might benefit from these services, please visit https://

September 2021 | Page 19

District still has many positions to fill By Becky Ginos | FARMINGTON—School started Aug. 23 and the Davis School District still had more than 100 classified positions to fill. Those included bus drivers and cafeteria workers. “We have 30 openings for bus drivers, substitute bus drivers and substitute assistants,” said Chris Williams, Director of Communications & Operations for the district. “There are 90 openings for school cafeteria workers.” Williams said they might have to double up on bus routes with people whose job is not necessarily to drive a bus. “There are mechanics in the Transportation Department who have a CDL license and are bus certified. We’re not in the position to tell parents we can’t pick up their kids.” Students are eligible for a bus if they live one and a half miles from the elementary school or two miles in secondary schools, he said. “Parents can choose if they want to use the bus or carpool.” Kids may be served a little slower in the cafeteria because they’re short staffed, said Williams. “That’s how we have to react when there are so many positions that haven’t been filled.” It’s not just the Davis District either, he said. “I don’t know of any district that

isn’t facing similar problems. It might be that people have received checks from the federal government that have put them in the position to say ‘why should I work?’ The unemployment rate is low which exacerbates the problem.” Williams said the district pays for people to get the CDL bus endorsement but that takes a little bit of time. “There’s no way they can get hired tomorrow and be there on the first day of school. I’ve heard from cafeteria workers who say they love it. They’re able to stay on the same schedules as their kids in school. They don’t work holidays and they’re off when their kids are off which is fantastic.” Retirees don’t mind driving the bus, he said. “We’ve had college students too. They can drive in the morning, take a break during the day to do homework or go to class and come back in the afternoon so it fits in well.” The district is in good shape for teachers, said Williams. “I haven’t heard of anywhere that there’s not a teacher in the classroom. We’ve also found a way to bring in more teacher assistants and lots of classroom aides and our substitute pool is quite large.” Also as the school year starts there’s

The Davis School District has several openings for bus drivers. They may have to double up on bus routes. Photo by Roger V. Tuttle

the question of masks. “We’re encouraging masks but we know people have a choice,” Williams said. “We’re not requiring masks, we don’t have that ability right now. We’re not discouraging anyone from wearing a mask.” It’s their choice whether they want to or not, he said. “We just want to keep our

kids healthy and school safe up to a point that we’re in control of that. We’re not in control of what happens after school and we’re not in a position to follow any mask mandate. We’ll keep our fingers crossed that the vaccine will make a difference.” To apply go to l

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801-797-2347 Centerville | Farmington City Journal

Technology keeps humans safe in dangerous, dirty jobs By Becky Ginos |

The Boston Dynamics SPOT® quadruped robot can be used instead of a human to go into a hazardous situation. Courtesy RMUS

can happen but certainly not with the clients we work with. Be cautious but it should be obvious which drones are being used for good.”


008 1

2 201




2009 2010 2 201




2017 2018 2019


they’re suppressing a large fire operation.” Just because a drone is flying around don’t assume it’s spying on you, said Wood. “It


rectly involved in those situations, said Wood. “Take a roof inspection. A worker usually hustles up a ladder to walk on the roof. This would decrease the need for that. The majority of that can be done by an unmanned drone. It saves time and provides safety from having a fall which does happen.” RMUS also works with top unmanned payload integrated mapping to create a 3D map of an area, he said. “We package the hardware, software and training to give customers to use for themselves that can potentially save money, time, efficiency and safety as well.” Large scale government, federal, state and local municipalities, public safety, oil and gas, telecom, construction and surveying are the company’s main customers, said Wood. “So many industries are touched by this field. It’s very interesting. We’re finding a new use every week. We also get a few well-heeled Bigfoot and treasure hunters that use it.” The History Channel shows people searching for old ruins using drone technology, he said. “Thermal imaging allows it to create a map or visual rendering. So if the ruins are in a jungle covered by vegetation the sensor can penetrate the layers of vegetation and cut through what would not be apparent in the visual spectrum.” The same technology can be used by search and rescue using radiation of heat as opposed to visual so they can search at night to find missing or endangered people, Wood said. “There have been hundreds of instances where drones have been used in areas to help find people.” Wood knows there are a lot of hobbyists out there using drones. “The people we’re working with aren’t flying those,” he said. “There are a few bad actors who get them as Christmas gifts and think it would be cool to go out and film a wildfire not knowing


CENTERVILLE—Robots that can go into dangerous situations, drones that have heat sensors to track missing or endangered people at night or just a quick eye in the sky for police, it all sounds like a Sci-Fi movie but it’s a reality for one Centerville-based company. Rocky Mountain Unmanned Systems (RMUS) provides the technology, software and training to public safety, industry and government agencies in the U.S. and internationally. “We started the company in 2014,” said Ryan Wood, VP of Sales and Marketing and co-owner of RMUS. “It’s a spinoff from recreational remote control cars, drones, etc. to a larger speciality distribution.” These are not your typical hobbyists, he said. “It’s the police, industrial companies and government entities. It’s separate from the hobby world. It’s been quite a ride since then.” RMUS relocated its base of operations to Centerville in 2016 and also have a location outside the Toronto, Canada area, said Wood. “We had a relationship with a wireless drone unmanned system there and we acquired it. There are 15 full-time employees locally and seven in the office in Canada. It's a fairly small group of players but it’s been a good move we’re finding.” Wood said the company doesn’t just do drones. “We do a fair amount of industrial terrestrial ground robots. Sarcos Robotics makes the exoskeleton and we add the software. It can be used by the military or public safety agencies to gather data and not expose humans.” For example, if there’s a chemical spill you can send in a human with a HAZMAT suit or send in a robot sensor to gather that data, he said. “I’m not saying it will totally replace humans. The technology keeps humans safe in dangerous, dirty and dull jobs.” The main goal is to not have humans di-

3 2014 2


An RMUS technician tests a drone. Courtesy RMUS

September 2021 | Page 21

Doctors warn children at greater risk with Delta Variant By Becky Ginos | SALT LAKE CITY—As schools start back up, doctors are saying mask wearing is absolutely essential to keep kids safe as COVID cases spike. “There’s misinformation out there about COVID and children – they do get it,” said Dr. Andrew Pavia, University of Utah Health/Primary Children’s Hospital. “They can get very, very sick. The Delta Variant is a game changer. It’s twice as transmissible. It's really changed what we’re dealing with. It’s breaking records of children being diagnosed.” It’s two and a half times the COVID cases than last year in the 5 – 12 age group and that’s all before school started, he said. “We have a severe crunch on beds. We’re at surge capacity. We’re using single rooms for two children. What happens when school starts?” Pavia encourages universal mask wearing, distancing and better ventilation in schools and keeping kids home when they’re sick. “Schools can be safe in person but they can’t be safe without universal masking.” Not all kids are healthy and they can’t fight off COVID, he said. “They may have cancer, diabetes, etc. Many kids who are otherwise healthy might get it from people

Page 22 | September 2021

at home.” Flu is not nearly as transmissible, said Pavia. “The Delta Variant is estimated to be five times higher. It’s much more serious in children and we don’t have a vaccine to offer them if they’re under 12.” Kids don’t always like wearing a mask, he said. “It’s a myth that there’s a risk to wearing masks. They don’t suffer serious language delays. There’s no serious risk to wearing a mask but there is a serious risk with this (COVID).” Last week the Salt Lake County Council voted against the mask mandate recommended by county health director Dr. Angela Dunn. “That’s a terrible mistake,” said Pavia. “They don’t understand the science behind mask use. They need to listen to Dr. Dunn at least until we have this under control. If people overturn those recommendations and kids get sick or die they must take responsibility for that.” Illnesses in children went down dramatically last year, he said. “We did not see one case of RSV which is usually a winter virus. Now we’re seeing a big surge in RSV. If we continue on this same path we’ll see a significant amount of flu. The effect of two viruses could make kids even sicker.” Pavia said they may have to cancel

Students at Centerville Junior High wear masks during last year’s robotics competition. Schools started class without a mask mandate. Photo by Roger V. Tuttle

elective surgeries and put two to three kids in a room that’s designed for one and increase shifts to keep up. “ICU doctors and nurses are burned out. They’re at the end of their rope. We really need people to help us out here.” The earliest a vaccine for children un-

der 12 is November or December, he said. “But that’s just a guess. I usually try to keep emotion out of it but I feel strongly about putting our kids at risk. This is very important for anybody who cares about children.” l

Centerville | Farmington City Journal

A bit of everything This column could be a bit divisive. I expect 48% of readers will send me envelopes of cash and loving social media messages. Another 48% will steal my birdbath and mail me dead raccoons. The remaining percentage are too busy stocking their underground bunkers to frivolously read newspapers. Let’s start with COVID-19, shall we? What a &$%@ nightmare. Cases and tempers continue to rise as we’re asked to wear masks and get vaccinated. It seems like a small price to pay if it ends a global pandemic that has killed more than 4 million people worldwide. Four million. Instead, Utahns are shouting about “rights” and “freedoms” and shooting guns in the air and hugging flags and buying MyPillows and yelling at federal and local leaders like this is some type of sporting event, but instead of winners or losers, people die. I hate wearing a mask, but I do it. I am terrified of shots, but I got the vaccine – twice. There are some things you just do because you love the people around you and want them to be happy and alive. I understand it isn’t possible to “reason” someone into “reason” but here we are. Next up, let’s talk about racism. Remember in “Jane Eyre” when you find out Rochester had his wife locked up


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on the third floor because she was insane? Well, Rochester represents the people who turn a blind eye to our country’s racist history, and his nutty wife is racism. And what happened when she got loose? She burned the damn house down. Just because you don’t want to talk about racism or teach how our country was built on the backs of slaves, or admit that systemic racism exists, doesn’t mean it’s not there. The last few years have shown us how it’s beating on the locked door, hoping to run rampant and destructive. (Sorry if I ruined “Jane Eyre” for you but you’ve had almost 175 years to read it. That’s on you.) And finally, let’s throw women some childcare love. Women have been the main childcare providers since Homo sapiens appeared on Earth’s party scene 200,000 years ago. It’s been a long slog. I think we can all agree that women are in the workplace. Correct? Women are working full-time, right? It took 199,910 years for women to step into the spotlight of their own comedy special, thanks to people like Susan B. Anthony and RGB. We can now get a charge card! Vote! Own a home! But we’re still the main caregivers, even if we run a company, own a small business or fly to the moon twice a week. Maybe it’s time for men to step up with



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us. Women often worry about taking time off to take kids to dentist appointments, doctor visits, piano lessons, lobotomies, etc. Do men do that? I’m genuinely asking because I’m willing to bet the majority of child Uber-services are performed by moms. If you’ve never been a single mom with a sick 12-year-old and you have to decide between using a vacation day or leaving your child home alone, then don’t tell me there isn’t a childcare problem in America. We’re a smart people. We are innovative and creative. Don’t you think we can use our brains to make society better instead of more divided? Maybe we’re not. Maybe our evolutionary progress ends with screaming and finger pointing. Just don’t mail me a dead raccoon.


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September 2021 | Page 23

Vote Wright for Mayor Why is the Main Street Bus Rapid Transit Issue so important to Centerville? THIS WILL IRREVERSIBLY TRANSFORM CENTERVILLE FOREVER! ARE WE BEING RAILROADED OVER BUS RAPID TRANSIT? UTA is writing their “Scope of Work” for a Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) system to travel along Centerville’s Main Street. Their strategy for BRT uses “transit-oriented development (TOD)” concepts that embrace mixed use and high population density. Centerville’s Master Plan supports UTA’s implementation of these concepts. The implementation of BRT/mixed use and higher population density zoning will change our rural – oriented identity forever. This is an active project and anyone that tells you otherwise is misinformed. I am appealing to you – the voters of Centerville – to consider the impact that BRT will have on our community. If you want to preserve what we have, then now is the time to make your voices heard! I do not support the actions and direction our city government has taken on this issue. Your votes in the General Election, for Mayor and City Council, will determine the future of Centerville.

In summary,

• Centerville’s Master Transportation Plan seeks to “accommodate” and “take maximum advantage of ” UTA’s “future development” of rapid transit (See Section 12-450-4. Public Transportation). • UTA’s strategic framework uses TOD planning concepts designed to increase high population and mixed-use density leading to changes in zoning along Main Street and its transportation corridors. This will irreversibly transform Centerville forever! • BRT will require bus stops and stations that will need more space than is available along Main Street. There is a high probability that homes will be removed to build these stops and stations to “accommodate” UTA. • Imagine BRT competing with parents every 10 to 15 minutes, while parents are trying to drop off or pick up their children from school. Think Jenny P. Stewart Elementary or Centerville Jr. High School. Can you see a potential safety issue? • High density and mixed-use zoning go against Centerville’s small-town, core values. We don’t want high density and we don’t have the resources to support these zoning changes. • Studies show that rapid transit attracts criminal activity. BRT puts more homes in harms way for crimes of opportunity such as home invasion, theft and burglary.

Learn more at

September 2021 | Vol. 01 Iss. 07


AMERICA’S FORGOTTEN HEROES by Becky Ginos | becky.g@davisjournal


LAYTON—Alongside the Vietnam Memorial Wall replica at Layton Commons Park stands a statue of a dog. It’s not just any dog – it’s a “War Dog.” “The dogs were used for narcotics or bomb detection,” said Linda Crismer who along with her husband Jim owned Mazzie, the model for the memorial. “Mazzie served in Kuwait for five years. We had him for five years and he died on April 21 of this year.” CWD (Contract Working Dog) Mazzie NDD (Narcotics Detection Dog) was the German Shepard’s official title, said Linda. The couple adopted him from Mission K9 rescue, an organization that brings War Dogs home. “I’d been teaching at Bountiful Elementary for 40 years,” she said. “I used a lot of dog related things in my classroom and told the children about War Dogs. When I announced I was retiring the kids said ‘you ought to get one because you’ll have nothing to do.’” So the Crismers looked into adopting through Mission K9 rescue. “It took about CWD Mazzie NDD was the model 15 months to get him,” Linda said. “They for the statue. Mazzie died in April. wanted to make sure he’d fit into our Courtesy photo home. They check the dogs out mentally and physically. They’re very careful with how they adopt animals out.” Many of the dogs are mistreated during the war and most never come home, she said. “Mazzie weighed 60 lbs and was starving to death. He was Continued page 4

The War Dog statue stands in Layton Commons Park near the Vietnam Memorial Wall replica. It honors dogs who served but never came home. Photo by Becky Ginos


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