Feb. 2022 | Vol. 02 Iss. 02
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NEW BOUNTIFUL MAYOR ACHIEVING A LIFELONG DREAM By Tom Haraldsen | firstname.lastname@example.org BOUNTIFUL–It started in a fourth grade classroom at Meadowbrook Elementary. Kendalyn Keyes Harris was elected mayor of her class, and it started her thinking that “I want to run for mayor in real life.” That sparked a little something within her, and last November, she was elected Mayor of Bountiful, the first woman to ever hold the office and one of only nine women elected to city council positions in the community’s histroy. It was more than just a dream for her–it was her destiny. “Growing up, I was involved a lot in student government,” the 1993 graduate of Viewmont High said while sitting in her new office at Bountiful City Hall. “I studied political science and communications at the ‘U,’ and I’ve always been interested in leadership.” When her future husband James proposed, she told him, “Yes, I’ll marry you, but you should know that I want to run for public office—I just wanted to warn you, and he said, ‘Great.’ He’s been so supportive ever since.” Harris said she’s always had a desire to “represent my neighbors. During my eight years on the city council, the people I ran into at the grocery store or anywhere else in town, I want-
ed them to feel they had a seat at the table when discussions or decisions were being made about the community. It’s been great to see changes that we’ve made on behalf of our neighbors.” She credits one of her high school teachers, Darrell Bailey, who taught a class called “current issues.” He taught about the three branches of government, and Harris said “I felt enthralled listening to his lessons. I said, yes, this is what I want to do.” At age 18, she ran for and was elected as a county and state delegate for the Utah Republican Party, getting involved in local issues and meeting political leaders. Active in the PTA and other community organizations as her children grew, she continued her journey towards seeking public office, inspired by other women who had served in Bountiful. “(Former city councilmember) Beth Holbrook is my neighbor, and I looked up to her work on the council as well as Barbara Holt Continued page 5 Harris is the first woman mayor elected in the city, and her photo will soon join the wall in city hall with photos of the 29 men who preceded her. Courtesy photo
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Learn about notable Utah African Americans for Black History Month By Karmel Harperfirstname.lastname@example.org
ntil the November 2020 elections, slavery in Utah was still legal as punishment for a convicted crime. According to Article 1, Section 21, in Utah's state Constitution, "Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime, whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within this State." However, on November 3, 2020, Amendment C, which bans slavery in all forms, passed with 81% of the vote. Utah House Representative Sandra Collins, who sponsored Amendment C, said, "Our constitution serves as a basis for all of our laws and policies. We need to be clearer about what prison is for and what prison is not. The notion of 'slavery or involuntary servitude' should not be imposed on people merely because they are convicted of a crime. By passing this measure, we will assert that slavery is not a Utah value." Although slavery in Utah was not widespread, some Utah pioneers held African-American slaves until 1862, when Congress abolished slavery in all of its territories. Brigham Young sent three African-American men as part of an advance party in 1847 to clear brush, trees, and rocks to make a road for pioneer wagons. These men were Green Flake, Hark Lay, and Oscar Crosby. Their names appear on a plaque on the Brigham Young Monument in downtown Salt Lake City with the inscription: "Green Flake, Hark Lay, and Oscar Crosby, Colored Servants." Kristine Murdock, a historian, and administrator for Our Kaysville Story Facebook page, said, "After Green Flake and his wife Martha Crosby (also a slave) were freed, they settled in Salt Lake Valley. They were members of the LDS Church and very loved in the community. They are buried in the Union Cemetery in Cottonwood Heights, Utah." Some Utah slaves' stories were tragic, including one with a local angle in Kaysville. 1n 1858, when he was only three years old, Gobo Fango of the Xhosa tribe in South Africa was given to white property owners Henry and Ruth Talbot after famine afflicted the Xhosa. As members of the LDS church, in 1861, the Talbots set sail from South Africa to Boston, where they would join the gathering of saints in Salt Lake City. The Talbots smuggled Fango in a wrapped carpet, but Fango was reported to have provided entertainment and helped take care of the
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sheep on board once the ship set sail. After traveling west towards Utah, the Talbots eventually settled in Kaysville. According to an article by the University of Utah's Marriott Library, Fango's feet froze one year when the Talbots allegedly forced him to herd animals in bare feet. When someone suggested that one of his feet required amputation he said, he “would rather have part of a foot than none at all.” It seems that part of his heel was removed, but that doctors did not amputate his foot at the ankle. Years later, a woman reported that Fango “would place wool in his boot so that his foot would fit into it and he could walk." He left the Talbots and worked as a laborer for the Mary Ann Whitesides Hunter family, who lived in Grantsville, roughly between 1870 and 1880. He was listed as a "servant" (likely employed as such) in the 1880 U.S. Census living in Grantsville. Fango settled in the Goose Creek valley of Idaho territory by the 1880s and worked as a sheepherder. However, tensions between sheepherders and cattlemen in the area led to Fango's murder by cattleman Frank Bedke, who was acquitted. Fango, who was described as generous with a cheerful disposition, dictated his final will and testament before succumbing to his gunshot wounds. He bequeathed half of his estate ($500) to the Salt Lake Temple Construction Fund. Nearly 45 years after his death, Talbot and Hunter's family members could not find evidence of Fango's membership in the LDS church and thus performed his baptism by proxy in the Salt Lake Temple on September 20, 1930. The U of U article said, "Because Fango was a Black African, he could not be ordained to the priesthood posthumously, which would have made it possible for him to receive other LDS liturgies by proxy. As Louisa Hale wrote to a historian seeking information on Fango in 1934, 'a Negro cannot hold the priesthood. So [performing his posthumous baptism] was all we could do for him. I, of course, feel that he is more worthy than many that do hold it.'" As February is Black History Month, we honor the stories of African Americans who have shaped this country and state. l
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Green Flake was one of three enslaved African Americans LDS pioneers who entered the Salt Lake Valley in 1847.
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American history is important for young, impressionable minds
think most of us can agree that it is vital for our children to be educated about the people and times of our amazing country. For them to understand who they are and how they fit into society, we need to do a much better job of teaching this information. As a parent of seven and a past primary grade teacher, I submit to you the importance of teaching young children about American history in age-appropriate ways within our schools and homes. It is crucial to understand that K-2 students have insatiable curiosity as well as uncluttered minds that soak up information like sponges. Our past and current school curriculums have not always provided accurate or consistent information. In elementary school and especially in the primary grades, children are not receiving what they’re capable of learning. We need to do better. There are misconceptions about what K-2 students can understand. For example, in the Core Curriculum, one lesson presents two options for first grade teachers. The first is to teach American symbols such as the U.S. flag, Statue of Liberty, and Bald Eagle. The second one is to teach about how one night in 1773, a group of men dressed up like Native Americans dumped multiple bags of tea into the Boston Harbor, because they were angry
By Rebecca Rodgers | The City Journals about the high cost of British taxes. Which of these two choices do you think a first grader would pick? Learning about abstract symbols or an exciting story from our early history? A story brought to life and especially one where props or dramatizations are involved would certainly be more engaging and easier to understand. Yet most educators choose to teach about the symbols, mainly because that’s what has always been done, but also because they may underestimate the abilities of children to grasp onto the complexities of the many events that took place. By the time most American children reach middle school and high school, they don’t have a good foundation to build upon and have moved past more impressionable times. We could really learn from a 2017 study done with Norwegian children. A K-2 group was observed being taught history through storytelling and trips to museums and old houses. They were also given opportunities to dress up and engage in role-play of historical figures. These children demonstrated their unique curiosity at their young ages and the ability to retain information when presented with engaging stories and activities. This all makes so much sense when we consider that older children and even adults
Continued from front page who had served previously,” she said. “It makes a big difference if you have examples, and they were both mentors to me.” As 2020 rolled around, she decided that after eight years as a councilmember, it was time to take the next step. “I thought that if I ran for mayor now and was successful, then I would serve for 12 years, and that seemed like a good amount of time,” she said. “I don’t want to be in city government for 20 or 30 years. I think service on this level is more effective if you learn what you’re doing, serve for a little while and then get out–let someone else have a turn.”
learn better and retain more through the art of storytelling, a practice that has been used since the beginning of time. This is not only true for teaching history, but many other subjects such as Geography and Social Studies as well. What can you do to combat the lack of what is being taught in public school or home school? Beside purchasing an American History Curriculum there are books you can purchase or possibly check out from the library. • Who Was: and What is? American History Books: Make History Come Alive! • Who Is? Who Was? 25 Paperback Books Collection • Who Was…? Children’s Biography Set of 12 Books Black Heroes: A Black History Set of 25 Books • 20th Century American History for Kids The good news is that there are valuable resources out there that not only present history to our children in more accurate ways, but that teach about controversial topics such as African American History and the Civil Rights Movement so that children can develop acceptance, empathy and compassion. We have all heard that we are destined to repeat what we don’t know about-- whether it be good or bad. Let’s equip our young chil-
She won two elections last fall–first the primary and then the general election, defeating two-term Mayor Randy Lewis. She said it was gratifying and humbling to know that “Bountiful was willing to hire a woman for this job. When decisions are made, and half the population is women, there are things where you get a more complete picture if you involve all the voices.” Her husband and their four children, ranging in age from 21-14, were heavily involved in her campaign, holding signs on corners, and helping put other signs up in yards. She was told by many supporters that her gentle inclusive style is perfect for what the city needs, her “everyone has a seat at the table” philosophy. “I am so lucky to have this incredible team here at the city–City Manager Gary Hill and Recorder Shauna
dren with the information and tools they need to learn who they are, where they have come from and understand the diverse groups of people who have made our country into what it is today. If finances are an issue and you’re not able to get out to museums and other historical sites, do take advantage of your local libraries, and of course there is the internet which allows you to find a wealth of information on any topic. You can even go on virtual field trips! • American History for Kids and Teachers- Free American history Lesson Plans • Free Online Resources for American history King Creek Plantation • Free History Unit Studies and Lesson Plans; Freedom Homeschooling Here you can find so many hands-on activities. If you’re teaching about Colonial Times, there are recipes for Apple Butter, Indian pudding, and easy Homemade Hand Soap. With so many resources available it can be overwhelming to pick and choose what to teach young children. Just remember that any stories or activities you’re able to provide will only add to and enrich their lives. Help them develop feelings of patriotism and compassion, so they will want to contribute their time and talents to our wonderful American society.l
Andrus, and all of our department heads,” she said. “And the councilmembers both old and newly elected who’ve been so supportive as we move into the future. I’m excited for our Master Plan that is really getting underway, for the addition of fiber as it comes to our community, for our new Washington Park. And I’m excited to be working with groups like the County of Governments and the Utah League of Cities and Towns, to be part of the legislative policy committee. I get to be part of this well oiled machine every day.” Mayor Harris will be setting up office hours, and she concluded by adding that “I want everyone to feel welcomed in my office. I want to be inclusive of all Bountiful residents.” l
February 2022 | Page 5
Volunteer dentist gives patients new lease on life By Becky Ginos | email@example.com KAYSVILLE—Dr. Craige Olson has retired twice. The first time from his dental practice and more recently as a volunteer for Pantry Smiles, a free service for low income individuals to get the dental care they need. The program is a partnership between the Bountiful Community Food Pantry, Davis Technical College (DTC), Weber State University and Davis County dentists. Olson and other dentists have been donating their time as part of the DTC dental assistance program. “Dr. Olson is a great teacher,” said Cathy Turnbow, Lead Dental Assistant Instructor at DTC. “He takes the time to explain things and has been very instrumental in the students’ understanding of dental procedures.” He’s a natural at it, she said. “We’re really going to miss him, he's done a lot of free dental work. He’s going to be hard to replace.” Pantry Smiles started in 2012 and Olson came onboard in 2014. “He’s an extremely effective teacher,” said Lorna Koci, program director. “He’s got a great sense of humor and always helps students learn and makes the patient feel comfortable. He explains things nicely and it helps that he is bilingual so he can help with our Spanish speaking patients.” Before he retired Olson worked at a den-
tal clinic at the University of Utah. “It gave me the opportunity to participate in dental programs across the state,” he said. “I volunteered at Donated Dental in Salt Lake for a long time.” The Pantry Smiles program not only helps low income patients but gives students training to be dental assistants to get the hands on experience they need. “This gives them an idea of what it’s like working out in the field,” said Turnbow. “They’re working in the beautiful Allied Health building with top of the line equipment. We started out with four dental chairs and now we have 10.” “Usually the assistant knows what you need before you even ask for it,” said Olson. “Here they have little to no experience but they’re eager to learn. The advantage is as I explain what is going on the patient hears it too instead of lecturing them. It helps the patient and the assistant.” Olson said it’s a mindset change. “The assistant is slower. Sometimes when I ask for something I get a blank look – they have no idea. Instead of it being a tense moment I start to joke. I realize they're tense because they’re trying to get it right.” Since the fall of 2012 through last June Pantry Smiles has provided more than $956,000 worth of dental services, said
Joy Luck’s iconic fish dies after 24 years By Becky Ginos | firstname.lastname@example.org BOUNTIFUL—Anyone who’s been to the Joy Luck restaurant in Bountiful has probably been drawn to the big fish in the tank in the front waiting area. Unfortunately, Bubba, a Red Pacu, died about three weeks ago. “We got him as a guppy when we opened in 1998,” said owner Eric Lee. “He started in the fish tank and just kept living. They usually only live for five to six years at most.” He got friendly, said Lee. “He would wag his tail at customers and when employees would feed him.” Bubba was an icon, he said. “Everybody loved him, kids, grandmas, he was an attraction for us. He was a special guy. He loved watching customers – it made him happy.” The Red Pacu comes from South America. “They have very strong jaws,” Lee said. “Carrots and zucchinis were his main diet.” Lee said Bubba didn’t like other fish so he had the tank to himself. “We had others before but they’d always fight each other and didn’t make it.” They got him from the Bird World pet store, Lee said. “He was just a tiny little fish. Most guppies die within a few days
Page 6 | February 2022
Lorna Koci, Dr. Duane Orchard, Dr. Craige Olson, Cathy Turnbow and Dr. Jim Guinn are all involved in the Pantry Smiles program. Olson has volunteered dental services for more than five years and recently retired.
Koci. “We’ve helped 710 individuals in Davis County. Patients are so appreciative and thankful for the service we provide.” Some of these people are just hanging on by their fingernails, Olson said. “They have so many challenges that they don’t come see a
dentist until something is hurting and they’re in big trouble. It’s a challenge for them to not lose hope because of their appearance. By helping them with their teeth there’s hope for a good outcome.” l
Bountiful signs on to opioid settlement agreement By Tom Haraldsen | email@example.com
BOUNTIFUL—The city council has voted to join other state and local subdivisions in litigation with several pharmaceutical companies and their involvement in the opioid epidemic. National settlements have been reached with the three largest pharmaceutical distributors: McKesson, Cardinal Health and AmerisourceBergen, and manufacturer Janssen Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and its parent company Johnson & Johnson. These settlements will provide substantial funds to states and their respective political subdivisions for abatement of the opioids epidemic and will impose changes in the way opioid manufacturers conduct business. It’s been an issue in the courts for several years, and the scope and amount of the settlement will be based on the Bubba, a Red Pacu, loved watching customers as hey came into the restaurant. He was very friendly number of cities and counties that sign on and would even wag his tail at them. Courtesy in the settlement. The deadline for cities photo was Jan. 2, 2022. If adopted, it’s expected that the opibut he survived.” oid distributors will pay a maximum of Now 24 years later Bubba is gone. $21 billion over 18 years, and manufac“We’ll probably get a smaller fish,” he turers will pay a maximum of $5 billion said. “So we don’t get so attached to him.” over nine years. Of those totals, as much l
as $22.8 billion will go to state and local subdivisions, with at least 85 percent of that settlement being used for abatement of the opioid epidemic.The extent of the participation by states and local governments will determine whether the settlement agreement takes effect as parties have the option to walk away if they are not satisfied with levels of participation. Participation levels also affect how much money settling parties will receive. Utah has already agreed to a settlement amount of $151 million, but that amount will increase to $270 million if counties and cities agree to join with the state. That money would likely be shared with counties for more local benefit. Settlement proceeds are expected to be available April 2022 and must be utilized for pre approved uses such as intervention, treatment, education, and recovery services. The settlement also prohibits marketing, sales, and lobbying efforts involving opioid products for 10 years and implements regulation to better detect suspicious opioid orders. l
Bountiful | West Bountiful City Journal
What parents can do to help teachers’ mental health By Francia Benson | The City Journals
any teachers have expressed being on edge due to pandemic stress and anxiety. Their mental health is suffering tremendously in part due to the extra work and precautions. According to Chalkbeat, a non-profit organization dedicated to covering quality in education, “27% of teachers reported symptoms of depression, compared to 10% of other adults.” Society tends to forget that teachers have families of their own and personal and financial struggles. Add to that the pressure of teaching during a pandemic, and the result is teachers breaking emotionally and mentally. However, parents and caregivers can alleviate that pressure by being more aware and collaborating. Talking to their children When adults explain to children any situation in terms that are easy for them to grasp, they understand. They will comprehend that their teachers, like their moms and dads, also deal with stress and depression due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Parents can expound that they must be on their best behavior, so their teachers can focus on teaching rather than stressing over noise, children talking over them, or interrupting their classmates. When educators are on the verge of
burnout, commotion in the classroom can be detrimental to their mental health. Wendy Sharper, a kindergarten teacher, said that many of her students are dealing with anxiety. She advises that “parents must spend time with them and talk about what is going on in their lives.” She also states that children should take the time to play because they learn a lot through playing. Teachers wear many hats; one of them is counseling children through hard times. While teachers do not complain about it, it indeed adds to their emotional load. Taking an active role in their kids’ education Another factor contributing to educators being more stressed than in previous years is having students behind the rest of the class. Each child learns at their own pace. Children are different, and some struggle with subjects like math and reading. However, parents and caregivers can study and practice at home. Teachers spend a significant amount of time planning each lesson, which is stressful in itself. Delivering those lessons is more challenging when many students are behind. Sarah Saltsman, a Layton Christian Academy teacher, said that the best way to help teachers during the pandemic is to
simply stop making excuses. “If a child has fallen behind, work together with the teacher,” she said. “Cultivate an environment for learning at home, as well as at school, rather than relying on the teacher to do it all.” For his part, Bruce Benson, an Idaho teacher, said that “one thing parents can do is to make sure children are doing their homework so they are up to date in class.” Reminding children and teens to keep their masks on Due to the new Omicron variant, some schools require students to wear masks. Understandably, children and teens are tired of wearing one. However, it is not the teacher’s fault. They, too, get stressed out about it. Teachers have to deal with children and teens refusing to wear their masks or not wearing them correctly. Parents should remind their children to put and keep their masks on every morning. Teacher Yolanda Zuniga advises parents to emphasize to their children to wash their hands and cover their mouths and nose when sneezing and coughing to avoid getting other children and teachers sick. That way, fewer kids will be missing classes, and teachers don’t have to worry about anyone getting behind.
Yolanda Zuniga hopes parents will counsel their children on ways to stay safe during the pandemic. Courtesy photo
Zuniga reminds parents and caregivers to “understand that we are human – we make mistakes, we get overwhelmed just like anyone else.” l
‘No Hunger Zone’ carried kids through the holidays and year round By Becky Ginos | firstname.lastname@example.org FARMINGTON—Christmas break just ended for students in the Davis School District. For most it was a time to celebrate the holiday season with gifts, big meals with family and friends and all the holiday traditions. However, some kids weren’t so lucky – they faced two weeks without school lunch and may not have known where their next meal was coming from. The Davis Education Foundation’s “No Hunger Zone” program not only helps children throughout the year but particularly during the holiday break. “There are 165 unaccounted for youth,” said Foundation Executive Director Jodi Lunt. “We received a generous donation from an anonymous donor that allowed us to give 14 $10 meal cards per child so that we know they’ll have at least one hot meal a day.” Lunt said cards include McDonald’s, Wendy’s and pizza places. “There’s a variety of places we worked with. There are also grocery cards. This is our newest addition and we’ll repeat it again for spring break.” Elementary kids and their families received a little larger bundle, she said. “It has something for the whole family to do a quick meal prep.” The Foundation is also working to open teen centers in all of the Davis County high
schools that offer kids a place to shower, launder their clothes and have a quiet place to study. Students will also have access to food pantries. Clearfield High’s center is already open and they broke ground in December for one at Woods Cross High School. “We have plans to open centers at Layton High, Northridge, Mountain High, and Renaissance Academy,” said Lunt. “Syracuse and Viewmont are the next two to be built. There are some pieces to each school that we need for this, then we will construct them.” There are currently community pantries at Northridge, Layton and Clearfield, she said. “There are student pantries at Syracuse and Mountain High. The teen centers will have a food pantry as part of it that’s open one night a week.” It’s a different night a week but it’s always open for students, said Lunt. “We want to spread our reach with the teen centers. We’re working closely with the schools to deliver emergency boxes and vouchers so that families in crisis can visit the Bountiful Food Pantry with no paperwork and no questions asked.” The Foundation also provides all area access cards to homeless students, she said. “They may go to Bountiful High and they’re couch hopping but they can go to any of our
Student body officers at Layton High stack shelves at the school’s food pantry. The pantry is open to students and the community on Tuesdays from 3 p.m. – 5 p.m.
food pantries and get food resources.” The goal is to coordinate with organizations so that every student has access to food. “If a child is fed they’re able to concentrate so they can attend school and work at their optimal ability,” Lunt said. “We’re blessed in Davis County. When I extend a need for help
the community is engaged and jumps right in on it.” It’s humbling and uplifting, she said. “The community cares deeply for the success of our children. I love this time of year when hearts and hands are wide open to making the world a better place.” l
February 2022 | Page 7
Harris and two new councilmembers take oaths of office By Tom Haraldsen | email@example.com
OUNTIFUL–It’s been a busy start to 2022 for Utah Lt. Gov. Deidre Henderson, who has made the rounds swearing in new mayors and city councilmembers in the state. On Jan. 11, she came to Bountiful to welcome the city’s new mayor and two new council members. Mayor Kendalyn Harris joined with newly-elected councilmembers Jesse Bell and Cecilee Price-Huish in taking their oaths of office from Henderson. It was a celebratory affair, with former city council members, former Chief of Police Tom Ross, and new Kaysville Mayor Tami Tran among those who attended and participated. All three said they were humbled and grateful for the support of the community in being elected to four-year terms. Mayor Harris has been serving as a council member for the past eight years, but this is the first time around for both Bell and Price-Huish to be part of the governing board. After taking their oaths, each made a few remarks. “I have so many people to thank who have been an example to me throughout my life,” Bell said. “I’m grateful for our forefathers of Bountiful. We have an amazing legacy of wonderful leaders who made wise choices, hard choices, that have given us the foundation that we have today. I’m grateful
for those that have served and are sitting behind me right now, for the examples they’ve shown me as I’ve watched and listened and been involved in Bountiful. I’m honored to be counted as one of their peers. I want Bountiful to be a place of belonging and a place of identity, where future generations will be proud to call Bountiful home. Where residents know that they have a voice and they can share it, and it will be heard.” Price-Huish followed, saying “it is such a privilege and honor to be elected as a member of the Bountiful City Council.” She cited three guiding principles she said will help her as she fulfills her duties on the council: impeccable integrity like her father, treating everyone with dignity and respect as her mother did as a long-time high school teacher, and encouraging all to give service and helping hand to make the community a better place. Harris thanked her family and friends, saying “it’s impossible to reach a goal like this without a lot of help.” She said, “I want to be the kind of mayor that gives everyone a seat at the table. We can learn a lot from each other if we will. I want all Bountiful residents to know that they have a seat at the table.” She praised those who have served as mayors before her, with photos of all 29
From left, councilmember Cecilee Price-Huish, Mayor Kendalyn Harris and councilmember Jesse Bell share a laugh as they enjoy their first Bountiful City Council meeting.
of those men on the wall of a hallway just outside the council chambers. “I appreciate their work and continue to benefit from their service.” She also praised and gave thanks for the city staff members she has worked with and will continue to work with in the
years ahead. “We have such a talented team, and they do the real work it takes everyday for our city. I will be forever grateful for you, Bountiful residents, for giving me this opportunity to serve.” l
Should Cursive Writing be kicked to the curb?
any of you may not realize that the requirement to teach Cursive Writing was dropped from the Common Core standards in 2010. The good news is that 21 states have since decided that this should not be the case. However, in 2016, Washington presented a bill backing cursive after a Republican state senator, Pam Roach, said a constituent’s granddaughter could not read a letter she’d received. The bill did not pass. Why has Cursive Writing nearly turned into a lost art? As a past third grade teacher, it was one of my favorite things to teach. Of course, I am one of those people who excels at it and to this day choose to practice many of my own styles of this beautiful script. Not everyone does though. Consider most of our doctors! Truth and humor aside though, what good is it? Learning cursive builds important muscles children need to develop in motor skills. It is also a more difficult form that uses different muscles in the hand and a specific part of the brain. They are ready to learn this important skill at 7 to 8 years of age. Children learn better recall skills from engaging in this practice. Cursive Writing presents another way for them to process the language they see, speak, hear, and write. In other words, it gives them one more way to remember what they learned. This form of writing is fast. Before a child learns to type quickly on a keyboard, they will be able to write things down in a much faster way. This can help with note taking and writing other information down in a speedy way. Also, how many of us developed our own form of
Page 8 | February 2022
By Rebecca Rodgers | The City Journals shorthand when in a classroom taking notes? Cursive Writing is not only fast, but it improves brain development in the areas of language, thinking and working memory. It stimulates brain synapses and synchronicity between the left and right hemispheres. This does not happen with printing and typing. Therefore we need your stylish handwriting! In the past few years, I was a private reading tutor for many children with learning disabilities. I learned that they needed to be presented with new information in a variety of ways. Repetition of the same thing done whether through writing, reading, games, hands-on activities, etc. is the key to having the information stick. Cursive Writing is just another way these children can process the alphabet, so that reading, speaking, and writing can become second nature. Children with Dyslexia often struggle distinguishing between printed letters that look the same as their mirror images. Letters such as b and d, and p and q are difficult for them to remember. Writing in cursive is a combination of writing and art. Since calligraphy and other forms of elegant writing have been cut from most schools, we should at least continue teaching this important skill. It helps to develop a part of the brain that’s different from reading and printing. Let’s also help students connect to the past. There are many historical documents such as: The Declaration of Independence and the Constitution that our children should be exposed to throughout their school years. They were written in cursive. We certainly want them to be
Cursive Writing has a rich history in this nation, and the world.
able to read through copies of those original works. It may seem like a small thing, but our signatures are always going to be required for registered letters, supporting a political candidate for public office, and tax forms to name a few. For security reasons it’s important that it’s nearly impossible to forge cursive as opposed to print. Just ask me about the absent excuse slips I used to sign back in high school! l
Bountiful | West Bountiful City Journal
Pre-disaster plan approved by Bountiful Council By Tom Haraldsen | firstname.lastname@example.org
BOUNTIFUL—Several municipalities in Davis County have created a Pre-Disaster Mitigation Plan as required by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). Bountiful Council members recently approved the plan and the provisions related to the city. To be eligible for federal money through grants or post-disaster funding, the city is required to maintain compliance with FEMA requirements. The plan contains the city’s intents along those lines. As part of the plan, the report shows Bountiful with an area of approximately 13.5 square miles, under a weak mayor form of government (meaning it has a full-time city manager), and operates a 24/7 police department, part‐time animal services, a municipal court, water, garbage/recycling, streets, stormwater, snow removal, community development, and parks and recreation programming. South Davis Fire District provides fire protection. The plan reviews the status of community buildings and infrastructure. For buildings, it lists the new city hall, which had a seismic retrofit when it was rebuilt last year. The Water Department was deemed seismic compliant in 2018, the Power Department retrofit and remodel was finished in 2019 and is seismic compliant, and a report on infrastructure shows the Power Department houses materials needed for major emergency repairs. The city complies with current building codes re: seismic standards Specific Community Hazards. There are other safeguards, including small storage reservoirs in the secondary water system to help with mitigation if there is dam failure. Bountiful is updating its City Emergency Operations Plan that should be completed in the next 12-18 months, and upgraded its high-pressure gas pipeline. The plan also identifies possible areas where disaster mitigation can be used. Earthquake Replacement of the Mueller Park Culinary Water Treatment Plant equipment by 2023, at an estimated cost of $2 million. Replacement of 10 aging high pressure gas lines that serve a large portion of the community through Questar Gas. That should be completed by 2023. Bountiful City has an ongoing, annual program of replacing aging cast iron culinary water pipe, which is very susceptible to earth movement, with flexible PVC pipe, which is better able to withstand earth movement caused by a seismic event. Time Frame: Ongoing through 2026. Estimated Cost:
$900,000/year. Installation of critical facilities generators at different locations (i.e. water pumps), with completion expected in 2021-23. Estimated Cost: $600,000. Seismic retrofit of critical bridge 600 South and Davis Blvd. Completion expected in 2021-23. Estimated Cost: $1,000,000. Landslide With Bountiful City being located at the foothills of the Wasatch Range in Davis County, landslides are possible. The city plans mitigation efforts by first identifying areas were efforts can be made to counteract Mother Nature using GIS mapping. Severe weather Reducing the threat of severe weather damage to infrastructure by encouraging wind-proofing measures and construction techniques. Bountiful City flooding Because the city is traversed with several creeks, an emphasis on ongoing maintenance of these floodways by the city will continue to mitigate this threat. Wildland Fire A significant portion of Bountiful City is along the foothills creating an urban/wildland interface. The goal with this initiative is to mitigate the impact of wildfire in high-threat areas. Work in tandem with homeowners to remove fuels and create fire breaks. Create a public service campaign to inform residents about fuels reduction, fire breaks, and other mitigation tactics. Dam Failure The Millcreek City culinary water system reservoir has been identified as aging and vulnerable, and subject to damage/failure/collapse, resulting in flooding downstream neighborhoods. The city’s goal is to continue to conduct ongoing replacement programs of critical infrastructure. This includes enhancing the resiliency of Millcreek Reservoir, part of the city culinary water system. Also, to replace the 60+ year old 3,000,000 gallon culinary water Millcreek Reservoir. Time Frame: 2024 Funding. Estimated Cost: $1.9 million Multi‐Hazards The City does not have an emergency management plan in place and communication networks are vulnerable. Its goal is to maintain an effective operational strategy for hazards, including improving communications, mitigating the impacts of and being prepared for emergency situations and hazards. Two goals: Create an Emergency Management Plan using 2022 funding, and Enhancing IT network and server security. l
Bountiful’s Jacob Johnson placed 11th at the AAU Nationals in Charlotte, North Carolina recently to earn All-American honors. (Photo courtesy Neal Johnson)
First-time runner earns All-American honor By Catherine Garrett | email@example.com
acob Johnson, a second-grader at Bountiful Elementary, brought home an All-American honor – and medal – from the AAU Nationals in Charlotte, North Carolina recently. He placed 11th in the 8-and-under category in just his first season running. “I felt kind of tired after my race,” Jacob said. “But, it was good to get a medal.” Race Cats coach Jami Caldwell said, “Jacob had an incredible season, winning every race he ran until nationals.” Also competing at nationals Dec. 4 were Jonas Clay – who earned All-American recognition for a 17th-place finish in the boys 11-12 race – along with Lydia Johnson, Jacob’s sister, and siblings Jackson and Juliana Grover. Jacob, son of Neal and Becca Johnson of Bountiful, finished his 2K race at nationals in a time of 8:01, beating his previous personal best by 38 seconds. “I guess you could say Jacob wanted to represent his ‘area code’ with his time,” said Neal. “We were hoping for top 25, but the low altitude and extra competition pushed him and he almost made top 10.” Neal ran cross country in high school and wanted to get his kids involved in running so Jacob and Lydia joined Race Cats on a recommendation from some friends. “I didn’t know how they would do,” Neal said. “I put Jacob on the competition team, hoping he wouldn’t get creamed and then he ended up doing the creaming.” Jacob competed in races in Provo, Sandy, Taylorsville and Fruit Heights during the season and won each event.
“It’s nice to run and I have good friends,” Jacob said. “Plus, I’m really good at it.” Lydia, a fifth grader at Bountiful Elementary, placed sixth in the Triple Crown series this season, and also competed in her first national 3K race. “At the beginning of the season, I had no intentions of taking them to North Carolina,” Neal said. “It’s been amazing to watch my kids learn the feeling of accomplishment and wanting to improve, wanting to compete and pushing themselves and sticking with it even though it’s hard. And, they’ve made friends along the way.” The Race Cats club had a goal for each runner to log 100 miles this past season with those who completed it receiving a t-shirt. Jacob and Lydia both accomplished this goal and have their sights on collegiate scholarships after watching BYU’s Connor Mantz win back-to-back individual NCAA titles the past two seasons. “I was so proud of my athletes that went to nationals,” Caldwell said. “They’re incredible kids and I love seeing them gain confidence in themselves and learn to love running.” The motto of Race Cats is “Have Fun, Work Hard, Dream Big.” “I think my kids are starting to learn that they can really dream big if they are willing to put in the work, and that work can be made fun along the way,” Neal. “Shout out to Jami and the program she runs and her organization with it all. She makes it fun and it has been a real positive experience for us.” l
February 2022 | Page 9
Where to start with a struggling reader By Rebecca Rodgers | The City Journals
hen one of my daughters was nearly through second grade, I was listening to her read one day and realized she could barely sound out most of the words. I felt alarmed, worried, and guilty considering that I was a trained teacher who had taught third grade. Back then I didn’t have all the resources that I do now, but I will say that after a lot of hard work on both of our parts, and some later professional intervention, she eventually caught up and became a fluent reader. In her case, she was diagnosed with an auditory processing disorder, and I now believe she also has Dyslexia. If you currently have one or more struggling readers, you are not alone. At least 20% of children have difficulty learning to read. As a professional reading tutor, I worked with many struggling readers, and every one of them learned how to read, so allow your fears to be lessened. Reading difficulties alone have nothing to do with how intelligent children are. It just means that their brains work a little differently. These children are typically stronger in other areas such as art, music, etc. The first thing I would suggest is to seek for some help. Have your child complete psychoeducational testing. The results will show exactly where learning deficits are, so your child can receive
the exact assistance they need. Through IDEA legislation, every parent has the right to ask for this testing from their local public school. Sometimes this can be a slow process because of the busyness of our educators. Keep pushing for it. If things aren’t happening quick enough through your school, you can seek out this testing elsewhere, but it will cost some money. To find private testing near you just do an internet search for “psychoeducational testing near me” or “learning disabilities testing near me.” I tutored at a non-profit business called RISE Literacy Center in Kaysville that provides testing specific to reading difficulties. I highly recommend their tutoring services that use the Reading Horizon’s Curriculum. It caters especially to students who have Dyslexia and or other learning disabilities. Whether your child receives help through school or a tutoring service, there are many things you can do to support your child at home. • Find out your child’s reading level and only choose books that match it. A reading app called Epic is a great resource to find them. • Choose books that are about favorite topics, whether that be fiction, sports, adventure stories, etc. • Choose correct level books with high
interest storylines. • Have several brain breaks, where games and activities can be used, that include moving around or art… anything that can help with comprehension. • Use games for spelling and reading that reinforce what’s being learned. Simple pen and paper games such as Hangman, Tic Tac Toe (write letters or words rather than x’s and o’s), Connect Four, Word Searches, Unscramble the Words, etc. are great for reviewing. • For a sports-enthused child you can draw a baseball diamond or set up bases to run around to while practicing sight words or other words or letters. A pretend football field could be used as well. • Whatever you can do to use all your child’s senses will help. This is called a multi-sensory approach. This helps children open new paths to the brain and helps with their recall ability. An example of this would be to see the letter B.
• Next, your child could write or draw it in some kinetic sand, or flour, or cornmeal. Then see how the mouth makes the sound of B with their lips together. Forming the letter with playdough or cookie dough is yet another way to help the concept stick. Eating the cookie dough goes without saying! I had a Twister mat with all the upper and lowercase letters on it that my children loved to use. Whatever you can do to increase the repetitions of learning that needs to happen is what I recommend. The process can be very slow. You may wonder if your child will ever learn to read, but I promise you they will. I’ve seen it happen repeatedly. Remember to always keep in mind that these unique children are smart and have so much to offer the world. They need your love and patience overall. l
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Grace happily shows off her Kinetic Sand Creations while working hard on her reading skills.
Bountiful | West Bountiful City Journal
Considering a home business? Check your city’s municipal code By Julie Nichols Thompson | The City Journals
ith the initial lay-offs of early 2020, many people who had previously commuted to work, spending their days or nights in crowded spaces, used their creativity to generate income for themselves and their families. Internet sites were filled with entrepreneurs offering goods and services without store fronts. For some, a “side-hustle” became a full-time job, and for others, a new hustle altogether was necessary. If you are one of these adventurous spirits, whether you envision yourself on an episode of Shark Tank pitching a project you are passionate about or if you just quietly want to launch your home business, you would be wise to research your city’s municipal code. West Bountiful’s municipal code can be found on their website: www.wbcity.org. A review of municipal code 5.28 by the West Bountiful Planning Commission was necessary due to multiple complaints from residents concerning residents of the city operating businesses out of their homes without a proper business license. A home business is referred to as a “home occupation” and is described as “any occupation within a dwelling and carried on
only by persons resided in the dwelling, which is clearly incidental and secondary to the use of the dwelling and for which a Home Occupation Business License has been issued by West Bountiful City.” The code further states that a business license must be obtained from the city “before a person may use any part of a dwelling in a residential zone for a home occupation.” In order for an application for home occupation to be considered, evidence must be presented that the applicant has given written notice of the nature and description of the proposed business to all property owners within 300 feet of the boundaries of the property where the business will be located. A conditional use permit is also required if the proposed business would be subject to Utah Department of Health regulations, such as daycares, pre-schools, or nurseries. Seventeen additional requirements or limitations are listed in code 5.28.040. Among these are the stipulation that anyone employed by the business must be a resident of the dwelling, the business may not change the purpose or character of the dwelling, must not create a nuisance in the neighborhood, cannot involve the use of
more than 15 percent of the main floor area of the dwelling, and inventory may not occupy more than 50 percent of the permitted area. In addition, yard spaces may not be used for a home business except under the following conditions: • A private swimming pool may be used for swimming lessons only if the instructor is a resident of the dwelling. • A play area for a daycare only if the yard is entirely fenced. • Other activities approved in the business license that do not alter the residential nature of the neighborhood. Signage advertising the home occupation is not allowed on the exterior of the dwelling nor is it allowed on the interior of the dwelling if the signage is visible from the street. Neighbors or other concerned parties who oppose a home occupation may file a notice of protest with the city. There are separate ordinances and licenses pertaining to peddlers and door-todoor salesmen within city limits. Specific allowances are given to youth and adults who are soliciting for non-profit or charitable causes as well as fundraisers for school activities.l
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February 2022 | Page 11
The relationship between bullying and suicide is complex By Francia Benson | The City Journals
n Nov. 6, the world woke up to the tragedy that took a 10-year-old life. Izzy, like her family called her, took her life, presumably over being heavily bullied due to her skin color and being autistic. This calamity is causing concern among parents, caregivers, teachers, and students. According to the Stop Bullying website, about 20 percent of students ages 12 to 18 undergo bullying nationwide. Out of those, 15 percent are bullied through the Internet or text messages. The website categorizes the type of bullying children and teenagers are subject to by their peers. Among them are: • Children being victims of gossips or lies • Getting laughed at, called names, or getting offended • Getting pushed, shoved, tripped, or even spit on • Getting left out • Being menaced to get harmed • Students trying to make them do things they do not want to do • Having their belongings destroyed. Stop Bullying states that “The relationship between bullying and suicide is complex.” They explain that bullying isn’t the cause of suicide but that it does exacerbate sentiments such as solitude, nonacceptance, “as well as depression and anxiety, which can contribute to suicidal behavior.” The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) explains that 7.1% of children aged 3-17 years (around 4.4 million) have been diagnosed with anxiety. In addition, 3.2% of children aged 3-17 years (about 1.9 million) have been diagnosed with depression. The CDC also expounds that depression and anxiety among children have been increasing. These facts and statistics should be a base for parents, doctors, and teachers to find solutions and work together toward avoiding more suicides among children. The Utah State Board of Education has taken steps in the hope to prevent children and teens from taking their own lives and give teachers resources to handle such situations. They released the “Youth Suicide Prevention Training for Employees.” It is a two-hour training, and every Davis School District employee is required to complete it. Furthermore, Davis School District attempts to counter bullying by carrying out two initiatives: The first is identifying and assisting the victim and, secondly, educating the offender. What can parents do? Parents and caregivers must pay close attention to kids and teens. Depression and
Page 12 | February 2022
anxiety are on the rise for several different reasons. A child is never too young to undergo a depressive episode or to deal with anxiety. When a child or teen is experiencing depression or anxiety, parents must take them to the pediatrician. Parents can’t handle by themselves some things related to their kids, like mental illness. The sooner the child gets medical attention, the sooner he will improve. How to spot a child who is being bullied Asking children how their day went and listening closely to their answers, tone, and voice inflection is crucial to learn if they are going through hard times. Asking directly if they are being bullied allows the child to feel safe about sharing their feelings. Some kids hold that information because they feel shame or do not know if their parents will believe them or care. That’s why having open communication where kids feel safe to express their concerns is pivotal. What to do when a child is getting bullied Parents must let their kids know that it is not their fault and that bullying is not acceptable. Furthermore, a meeting with the teachers, the perpetrators’ parents, and the school counselor is necessary. Everybody must agree that the harassment has to stop and respect the child. If the child is already, or due to the bullying situation, experiencing depression and anxiety, therapy must be provided. Action can prevent suicide. Do not let the problem keep going or tell your kids that bullying is part of growing up because it is not. It is harmful and can cause children to feel unsafe, lost, and angry. Depression and anxiety Even though the number of suicide among children and teens is on the rise society and the government don’t give enough importance and care to depression and anxiety. Both mental illnesses must be addressed and treated like people would treat any other disease. Mental health matters, especially in kids who cannot help themselves. Resources: A great resource for parents and children is the fun PACER’s Kids Against Bullying’s website. It provides helpful information and activities. Also, the Davis School District Bullying Prevention site is https://www.davis.k12.ut.us/departments/student-family-resources/preventioncommunity/bullying-prevention If you or anyone you know is experiencing suicide thoughts, please call the Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 1-800-273-8255 or the UNI CrisisLine at 801-587-3000. l
Bountiful | West Bountiful City Journal
Tom’s Tomes: Winning the Lottery
By Tom Haraldsen | firstname.lastname@example.org
ometimes it’s fun just to dream, or fantasize, or just pretend that you are going to win the lottery. Powerball fever begins to take hold anytime the jackpot exceeds half a billion dollars, as it did this month when it grew to over $600 million before two winning tickets were sold last Wednesday. By the time you read this, it may have been claimed and you’re thinking you missed out because you didn’t make that trip to Malad. But really, what are YOUR odds of ever winning? Well… The odds of hitting the jackpot are 1 in 300 million. To put that in perspective, here are some other odds: Becoming an astronaut–1 in 12.1 million you’ve tried out Becoming U.S. President–1 in 10 million you’ve run for the office Winning an Olympic gold medal–1 in 662,000 for athletes who’ve competed Winning an Oscar–1 in 11,500 for actors who have been, or could be, nominated There are other “oddities” that have a better chance of coming your way than a Powerball jackpot. For example: Being hit by a meteorite–According to National Geographic, 1 in 1.6 million Becoming a Billionaire (through pro-
fessional efforts)--1 in 409,000. Believe it or not, about 10 percent of Americans are worth $1 million or more, including 71,613 in Utah (7 percent of our population). Dying in a plane crash–A report in Newsweek said the odds are 1 in 20 million. This does not include those who pass away from exhaustion while traversing miles and miles to gates at the new Salt Lake International Airport. Being killed by hornets, wasps or bees–The National Safety Council says those odds are 1 in 54,093. Yikes! Being Canonized–Your chances of becoming a saint are 1 in 20 million. That’s based on the fact that 100 billion people have lived on Earth but only 5,000 have been recognized as saints. Getting your tax return audited–Supposedly only 0.6 percent of Americans get audited. I disagree–from personal experience. Being wrongfully convicted of a crime–The rate at which innocent people were convicted of felonies was about 0.027 percent in the mid-2010s, according to the New York Times. Being killed by a shark–Even though dying from a shark attack is rare, your chances of winning the lottery are even rar-
er. According to the International Shark Attack File, your odds of dying from a “Jaws” moment are 1 in 3.7 million. Making a hole-in-one–According to the National Hole-in-One Association, which based its findings in 2013 on data collected over 30 years, the odds of sinking a hole-in-one were 2,500 to 1 as a professional golfer and 12,500 to 1 as an amateur golfer. Going to the ER with a pogo stick-related injury–To be fair, pogo sticks are terribly difficult to use. Just be aware that if you have the misfortune of spending an afternoon on one, your chances of bouncing your way into the ER are about 1 in 115,300, according to the Deseret News. Having conjoined twins–Your odds of birthing conjoined twins are about 1 in 200,000, according to the University of Maryland Medical Center. Your odds of giving birth to normal identical twins? About 1 in 250. And finally, becoming a movie star– Fame and fortune don’t go hand-in-hand. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the mean hourly pay for actors was $32.89 per hour as of May 2017. Although few acting jobs will put you on the A-list, landing a role for a big-screen film is far
easier than winning the lottery. Long story short: You’re better off buying a ticket to Los Angeles than spending the national average of just over $200 on lottery tickets a year. So if you win the lottery, are you set for life? Probably, but keep in mind that the Feds take 24% withholding tax and 37% total, plus states have tax lottery charges. Drawings are at 10:59 p.m. on Monday, Wednesday and Saturday. So good luck. And avoid stinging insects! l
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‘Stories Behind the Stars’ seeks veterans’ tales By Tom Haraldsen | email@example.com
heodore Que Jensen was born in 1919 in Mt. Pleasant. The fifth of seven children, he was just six years old when his mother died, leaving his father Charley to raise the kids even while he worked as a farmer. Theo graduated from Delta High School, enlisted in the U.S. Navy in 1940 and, following boot camp, he was stationed at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. Six months after reaching Pearl, he was among those killed on Dec. 7, 1941, in the Japanese attack on the base. His story is one of thousands that have been compiled as part of the Stories Behind the Stars project (www.storiesbehindthestars.org). This is a national effort of volunteers to write the stories of all 400,000+ of the US WWII fallen. Bountiful resident Steve Booth is part of that effort. He said the 80th anniversary of the attack which just passed has invigorated the project’s efforts to put the finishing touches on the gathering of stories. “Our goal is to research, write and publish the stories of the 2,335 military personnel who lost their lives at Pearl that day,” he said. “We have about 50 stories to go, so we’re working on it.” Booth said he started by following the story of Jasper Leonard, a soldier from Delta. “I found someone from Leonard’s hometown who was looking for information on a fallen soldier,” he recalled. “The family would go to plant flags on fallen soldiers’ graves, and they wanted some information on Jasper. I contacted his family through a site called Find a Grave, which has millions of cemetery records. I told the family I was researching a story on Leonard, and they gave me information I couldn’t find online. Those stories are out there, waiting to be discovered and told.”
Jensen’s case was particularly interesting because he was killed when his ship, the USS Oklahoma, sank at Pearl Harbor. He was listed as Missing in Action and later Killed in Action, but his remains were not identified and the Navy buried a mixture of remains at the American Battle Monuments Commission location in Honolulu. Efforts continued for decades to further identify the fallen, and in December of 2020, the Defense POW/ MIA Accounting Agency announced Jensen’s remains had been identified. They were returned to Delta and he was buried last June 2 in the city cemetery. The Stories Behind the Stars project was the brainchild of Don Milne, who lived in Utah for 35 years and is “a self-described World War II history buff,” Booth recalls. Milne says he has spent every day the last four years chronicling one story about a U.S. soldier who died in war. When his job at a local bank was cut, he decided to make the project his full-time hobby. Within 18 months, more than a million readers were following the project through the website. He’d planned to stop in September 2020. “I had done about 1,200 profiles already, but when people found out I was going to stop, they said ‘Why?’ I said, ‘At one a day, I can never finish all these names in a lifetime.’” So readers soon turned to volunteers, and with financial support from MyHeritage.com and Ancestry.com, Milne said he has been able to provide the resources necessary for the hundreds of volunteers across the country to collaborate on the project. Its goal is to complete all 400,000+ profiles by 2025, the 80th anniversary of the end of WWII. “We still need volunteers who are willing to help,” Booth said. “They can reach out to me and we can get them started.
RM3 Theodore Jensen was among those killed in the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941. His story is among those told in the Stories Behind the Stars project.
It’s very fulfilling and leaves you with a great feeling when you know you’ve helped tell someone’s story.” Contact Booth at firstname.lastname@example.org l
Teaching assistants crucial to the classroom By Becky Ginos | email@example.com FARMINGTON—Teachers are faced with large class sizes and trying to give one on one attention to each student can be daunting. That’s where teaching assistants (TA) come in. TAs are vital to keeping students on track and helping in the classroom. In the Davis School District, a program to train TAs will help them be more effective at what they do. “Some funding came in from the American Rescue Plan,” said Nancy Call, TA Development Specialist. “The ESSER (Elementary Secondary School Emergency Relief) funding can be used for two years. The governor signed the law in March 2021 and it will continue through fall of 2023. We want to use it to do what we can.” The Davis School District wrote a plan on how it should be used, she said. “The TAs can be used in a variety of ways. Each school had their own plan on how to use them.” There wasn’t any training for TAs in the past, except on the school level, Call said. “This is all brand new. Even though the training is from all the funding sources, others are welcome to come.” As part of the training, TAs receive a book on how tutoring works, she said. “It explains what they do and how to build trust with students.” Kids need a capable adult they feel safe with at school, said Call. “Some students have a negative experience at school like a fear of math. It takes an adult to help them overcome that and open them up so they can learn.” There are restorative practice management techniques that have researched based ways to work with math facts fluency, she said. “TAs work in small groups and individual students and pull aside children who are struggling. They
help them get better with math proficiency before they reach high school.” By high school, some students have already shut down, Call said. “They say ‘I can’t do math’ They label themselves as math people and non math people. We want to create math learners with a mathematical mindset that will open up the possibilities in high school and do basic things to start with.” Call said they’ve also worked with the special education team. “They’ve presented information on the best practices for autism. Being really aware of their emotional needs and behavior interventions in positive ways so they do what they need to do rather than being rewarded for negative behavior.” The program also provides a pathway for a TA to receive a teaching degree. “If an employee in the DSD working as a TA would like to get their degree they can apply to receive tuition help.” High school students can also work as a TA, she said. “They can be in the class and receive credits while being paid. It’s a great way to get a look at these careers. We have 23 high school students right now.” Call said high school students should apply through their school counselor. “For some of them this is their first job. Send me an application and I’ll send it out to all the administrators at the schools they’re interested in. I would encourage them to meet with the administration. It’s up to them to get the job.” Some students get home release to be a TA, she said. “They can get credit and get paid too. It pays more than
High school TA Angelle Pledger works with a student. While working as a TA, students can receive credits while being paid. Photo courtesy of DSD
janitorial, etc. in the district.” Being a TA is nice because it’s during the school day, said Call. “They don’t work weekends or holidays. You can also work while you’re kids are in school because you’re on the same schedule. It’s a really family friendly job.” Call said she’s been impressed with everyone she’s met. “These are fabulous people giving their heart and soul to just help kids.” l
February 2022 | Page 15
Daughters of Utah Pioneers president seeks to honor pioneers 175 years after their arrival
his year marks the demisemiseptcentennial of the arrival of Brigham Young’s Vanguard Company of Pioneers into the Valley of the Great Salt Lake. The wagon train that emerged from Emigration Canyon 175 years ago led to the settling and development of the area known as the “Proposed State of Deseret” which encompasses all of the current State of Utah as well as areas in each of the surrounding states. Ellen Taylor Jeppson of West Bountiful is the current president of the International Society Daughters of Utah Pioneers, and a fourth-generation member of DUP. The desk in her office in the Pioneer Memorial Museum on Capitol Hill in Salt Lake City is covered with a variety of papers including current research on pioneer topics for the book of pioneer stories that is published by DUP each year, correspondence from DUP groups across the country, a few clerical items, as well as her famous homemade caramels which are an offering to any visitor to her work space. “My great-grandmother, my grandmother, and my mother were all members of Daughters of Utah Pioneers,” she said. “I had heard about the organization all my life. As a person who has more than 40 pioneer ancestors, I was always hearing pioneer stories while growing up with my ten brothers and sisters. As a wife and mother of four while also being a school teacher in Davis District, I was too busy to join DUP. When I retired from 35 years of teaching, I joined my local camp (Wild Onion Camp of West Bountiful) in 2011 and soon began volunteering as a docent at the Pioneer Memorial Museum.” She continued by saying, “ I loved it and after a year my mother joined me as a docent. We came every Wednesday morning and then went to lunch. We had countless experiences in the Museum finding stories and photos of our own ancestors which always turned into tearful moments. We also found joy in helping others have similar experiences. We learned so much about the history of the colonization, and we loved every minute. “In 2012, I was invited by then-president Maurine Smith (also a Davis County resident) to join the international board as member of the lesson committee. I have since served as lesson committee chairman, second vice-president, first-vice president, and now president of the organization.” Annie Taylor Hyde is credited with gathering the literal daughters of Utah Pioneers and organizing them into a society tasked with keeping the memory of their forebearers alive. The objective of the organization has not changed in 120 years, “…to perpetuate the names and achievements of the men, women, and children who were the pioneers in founding this
Page 16 | February 2022
By Julie Nichols Thompson | The City Journals commonwealth: by preserving old landmarks, marking historical places, collecting artifacts and histories, establishing a library of historical matter, and securing manuscripts, photographs, maps, and all such data as shall aid in perfecting a record of the Utah pioneers…” Since its inception in 1901, DUP has been organized similarly to the way the wagon trains and handcart companies were organized during the nineteenth century. “Companies” designated by geographic locations are divided into smaller “camps” that are spread across the United States and north into Canada. Jeppson pauses and speaks in a reverent tone about the work of descendants of the pioneers, describing the unique feeling in the Museum which houses the offices of the International Board which governs the operations of the organization. The museum walls are lined with paintings and photographs of pioneer men and women. They seem to stand as sentinels watching over the hundreds of thousands of relics protected in the glass cases. To the question of what the original pioneers might say about the current efforts of DUP, she thoughtfully replied, “I honestly think they would be surprised and gratified that they are so highly revered and remembered for their courage, faith, and obedience in the face of the most unbelievably difficult circumstances. And I also think they would tell us that they would do it again because they had found the truth and would not deny it. I absolutely feel connected to them. They are my friends. They feel very close and I am constantly inspired by their experiences, their stories, and their hardships.” Many may wonder what the actual definition of a Utah Pioneer is and from there, what is a daughter of a Utah pioneer? While the majority of Utah Pioneers were members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints who gathered from the eastern United States as well as many foreign countries, there are many who were not affiliated with the Church at all. By definition, a Utah Pioneer is anyone who came to Utah before the completion of the Transcontinental Railroad on May 9, 1869. To be considered a “daughter,” a woman must be at least 18 years of age and a direct descendant of a man or woman who meets the definition of Utah Pioneer. Women who are not direct descendants but are interested in pioneer history are welcomed to attend local camps and participate. A banner proclaiming “Daughters of the future; Keepers of the past” hangs prominently in the foyer of the Museum. Ellen Jeppson applauds the efforts of thousands of women who submit histories of pioneers, protect relics in satellite museums and cabins in multiple states, share pioneer
President Jeppson on the steps of the PIoneer Memorial Museum in Salt Lake City Utah.
stories with family and friends, lead lives of integrity and courage similar to their ancestors. While the board of directors is located in Salt Lake, the real strength of the organization is felt in the outlying areas. They are not just keepers of the past but fierce protectors of the legacy associated with it. As far as the first half of the banner, Jeppson was quick to respond that many view DUP as “something my grandma did.” With 22,888 active members, 582 active members-at-large, and 495 active associates in 15 states and two countries, it is far from a dying organization. More than 300 applications were processed during the fourth quarter of 2021. A review of the leadership in many of the camps and companies would reveal that women of all ages step into the roles where they are needed. It is not uncommon to have a woman in her 70s and 80s leading out. They have not
been put out to pasture but are hitting their stride. They have truly become daughters of the future as they have embraced every technology available to them during the pandemic. Holding virtual camp meetings and seminars over the internet pushed them out of their comfort zones, but they have risen to the occasion. Members of the board of directors, including the president, are unpaid volunteers. When asked about the lack of compensation for a time consuming job, Jeppson replied, “There is always a new history to read and a new name to find—the inspiration is endless and the benefits cannot be counted.” For information on joining Daughters of Utah Pioneers in your area, please call the Pioneer Memorial Museum at 801643-2795 to find information on the nearest group. l
Bountiful | West Bountiful City Journal
Bountiful adopts Voter Participation Areas By Tom Haraldsen | firstname.lastname@example.org BOUNTIFUL—In their final action for 2021, the Bountiful City Council has adopted four Voter Participation Areas within the city’s boundaries. It’s an action required after the Utah State Legislature passed HB 119 in 2019, which designates these VPAs for the purpose of gathering signatures for initiatives and/or referenda. “Bountiful, as a third-class city, must be divided into four VPA and follow precinct lines,” said city manager Gary Hill. “Each of these VPAs have equal populations, and
voters won’t notice any changes.” The Bill ties the petition signature thresholds to percentages of the number of active voters in the political subdivision, rather than to all votes cast in the most recent presidential election. This action will establish a process for initiative or referendum signature gathering and will produce a better cross section of active voters who sign any petitions should there be any in the City in the future, Hill said. The breakdown looks like this:
Bountiful VPA Area A–Precincts 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 & 11 Bountiful VPA Area B–Precincts 12, 16, 17, 18, 19, 23, 24, 28, 33, 34 Bountiful VPA Area C–Precincts 13, 14, 15, 20, 21, 22, 25, 26, 27, 29, 30, 31 Bountiful VPA Area D–Precincts 32, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44 Hill said that any voter interested in finding out what precinct they live in can contact the Davis County Clerk’s office. l
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Utah First Lady Abby Cox (left) and HAFB Commander Colonel Jenise M. Carrol share a laugh during a press conference announcing an enhanced partnership to address community-wide racism. Photo by Becky Ginos
Collaborative effort to foster inclusion, end racism By Becky Ginos | email@example.com FARMINGTON—In an effort to bring the community together to end discrimination and promote inclusion, Davis School District administrators announced Jan. 4 the formation of an enhanced partnership between Hill Air Force Base, Davis County commissioners and the state to address these issues. “I believe when we’re dealing with racism it has to be a partnership to come together and talk about it,” said Commissioner Bob Stevenson. “We need to open up communication to resolve the problem.” It’s all about one Utah, one military, said HAFB Commander Colonel Jenise M. Carrol of the 75th Air Base Wing. “We need to break down the barriers of communication and make the community aware of what we’re doing. We need to know what’s happening in our schools. It’s a problem that we don’t all see the same.” “Hill is the number one single site employer in Utah,” said Superintendent Reid Newey. “We’re number two. It’s an extraordinary asset with great leadership. This isn’t a 7-3 problem that’s why we’re so engaged in this.” Utah First Lady Abby Cox, founder of “Show Up Utah” initiative, introduced her Unified Sports Program. “It joins people with and without mental disabilities,” she said. “It gives kids the opportunity to play on a team and make friends not only on the court but in
the hallways and lunchroom.” It teaches leadership and how to treat others, said Cox. “I imagine a world where every child feels important and included in every way. Let’s not let any child go through school without a friend.” The group will meet monthly, said Assistant Superintendent Jackie Thompson. “Other partners include Jeanetta Williams with the Salt Lake NAACP and Betty Sawyer of the Ogden NAACP. They’ll be the boots on the ground in the community and be accessible to all.” It’s not about whether this is a racist community, said Assistant Superintendent John Zurbuchen. “It’s about making a more healthy community and making a better experience for kids and families. Can we be a better community – yes.” “Our goal is to stamp out racism,” said Stevenson. “Suicide, abuse, addiction are all starting to eat away at us. It’s wonderful to come together to solve these problems. We’re in the best spot to be an example for the entire state and the nation.” “Our arms are wide open to the community,” Thompson said. “There is an African proverb, ‘If you want to go fast, go alone. If you want to go far, go together.’” l
February 2022 | Page 17
Lawmakers kick off 2022 session There was a whirlwind of activity on Capitol Hill Tuesday as the 2022 legislative session got underway. For the next 45 days lawmakers will see hundreds of bills and address issues that impact the state. Clockwise: Representatives recite the Pledge of Allegiance on the House floor; visitors tour the Capitol Rotunda; Senate President Stuart Adams gives opening remarks. Photos by Roger V. Tuttle
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Bountiful | West Bountiful City Journal
Use your smartwatch to monitor your heart and improve your cardiovascular health By Karmel Harperfirstname.lastname@example.org
ebruary is American Heart Month, a time to focus on our cardiovascular health. While paper and chocolate hearts abound, February also raises awareness for the health of our beating hearts, the life-sustaining organ that pumps oxygen throughout our bodies. Heart education is important, something that physicians and health professionals in Davis County emphasize with their patients regularly. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), heart disease is the leading cause of death worldwide and is responsible for 16% of the world’s total deaths. “Since 2000, the largest increase in deaths has been from this disease, rising by more than 2 million to 8.9 million deaths in 2019,” the organization reports. While heart disease has typically afflicted older adults, heart attacks have increased in younger people under the age of 40, with a steady rise in patients between 20 - 30 years old. The Cardio Metabolic Institute said, “It was rare for anyone younger than 40 to have a heart attack. Now 1 in 5 heart attack patients are younger than 40 years of age. Here’s another troubling fact to highlight the problem: Having a heart attack in your 20s or early 30s is more common. Between the years 2000-2016, the heart attack rate increased by 2% every year in this young age group.” Reasons for this steady rise among younger people are increasing risk factors affecting this age group such as diabetes, hypertension (high blood pressure), obesity, smoking and vaping, and substance abuse. While lifestyle changes such as proper nutrition, adequate sleep, and avoiding substance abuse can significantly mitigate heart disease risk factors, regular ex-
ercise is a very effective method for combating heart disease. Johns Hopkins exercise physiologist Kerry J. Stewart, Ed.D, said, “Aerobic exercise and resistance training are the most important for heart health. Although flexibility doesn’t contribute directly to heart health, it’s nevertheless important because it provides a good foundation for performing aerobic and strength exercises more effectively.” Even if you don’t exercise regularly, those with heart conditions can use a smartwatch to monitor their heart throughout the day. Kaysville’s Scot Vore said, “I use my smartwatch to monitor my steps and my heart for Afib.” For aerobic or cardiovascular exercise, measuring one’s heart rate is standard to ensure one works out within the prescribed heart rate zones for optimal benefits. Heart rate training zones are a percentage of your maximum heart rate or heartbeats per minute. With the emergence of smartwatches and other devices, people can monitor their heart rate in real-time and adjust their exercise intensity. These devices incorporate personal biometrics such as age, gender, and weight and calculate individualized heart rate training zones. To find your maximum heart rate, subtract your age from 220. For example, a 25-year-old’s maximum heart rate is 195 heartbeats (bpm) per minute (220-25=195), and a 65-yearold’s maximum heart rate is 155 (bpm) heartbeats per minute. From this calculation, heart rate zones are established (see photo). The number of zones can vary based on the device’s monitoring system, but a popular standard is five zones: • The warm-up or Healthy Heart zone is 50% - 60% of your max heart rate (Mhr). • The fat burn or Weight Management zone is 50% - 70%
of your Mhr. • The cardio or Aerobic zone is 70% - 80% of your Mhr. • The intense or Anaerobic zone is 80% - 90% of your Mhr. • The maximum or Red Line zone is 90% - 100% of your Mhr. Paula Nielson-Williams, Recreation Manager and 29year veteran of Salt Lake Community College’s Exercise Science department, said, “Exercise is good for heart health. ACSM (American College of Sports Medicine) recommends 30 minutes a day of moderate-vigorous exercise or an hour a day of moderate exercise. So get out walking, lift some weights, or play with your kids.” l
Peterson steps into new legislative role By Becky Ginos | email@example.com CLINTON—Throughout her career, Karen Peterson has been involved in the community somehow. Now she’ll have the opportunity to expand her reach as she represents District 13 in the Utah State Legislature. Peterson was recently appointed by the Davis County Republican Party to fill the seat left vacant by Paul Ray who resigned to take a new position with the Department of Human Services. “I’ve always been engaged in the community,” Peterson said. “I was in the elementary PTA, on community council and committees with the city. I’ve always felt that giving back to the community is a good way to spend my time.” Peterson served two terms as a Clinton City Council member. “I also worked with Gov. (Gary) Herbert as Educational Advisor for the school district, charter schools and parents’ groups,” she said. “I did legislative policy work for schools.” When Gov. Spencer Cox took office he asked her to be Legislative Affairs Director. “It was my job to build a relationship with the legislature on behalf of the Governor to push through the budget, etc.,” Peterson said. “I worked very closely with the legislature.” Peterson will leave her position with the Governor’s office to take the new post because it would be a conflict of interest. “My appoint-
ment runs through 2022,” she said. “So I’ll be up for reelection in 2022.” One of her main goals in the upcoming session is managing growth. “I’ve met with delegates and through my service on the city council I’ve seen how growth impacts the state,” said Peterson. “It’s complex. People want their kids and grandkids to be able to afford houses. We need to make sure that growth doesn’t outpace roads, water and educational opportunities for good schools for families. These are critical infrastructure components that I’d like to focus on.” Utah has a unique opportunity right now, she said. “The economy is doing so well. It’s moving ahead full steam. We have revenue for the state we’ve not seen. We also have an incredible amount of federal money that we can make generational investments – especially around water.” Those dollars need to be spent wisely, said Peterson. “We should use them on highly impactful projects that can impact us long term.” There shouldn't be bonding, she said. “We should pay cash. When they were talking about double tracking for FrontRunner they should’ve paid cash instead of bonding and making cities pay. It could make a real difference for Utah.” Peterson faced one of her hardest chal-
The Peterson family. They love being outdoors hiking and camping. They’re also big USU Aggies fans and go up to all of the football games. Courtesy photo
lenges in 2018 when she was diagnosed with stage three breast cancer. “It was out of the blue,” she said. “I had no family history. I started chemo and had a number of surgeries then radiation. I had a year of treatment. I’ve had a clear scan for two and a years. They say five years is golden.” It was a life changing experience, said Peterson. “I was 38. It makes you very intentional about how you spend your time and how you treat people. It’s a great reminder that there are
no guarantees.” As a new legislator, Peterson hopes people will find her accessible. “I want them to find me to be reasonable,” she said. “I’ll try hard to support the community. The best legislators are the ones who care about the people in their district.” Peterson said her constituents have been good to her family. “They mowed our lawn and brought us meals during my cancer. These are my people – I want to represent them.” l
February 2022 | Page 19
USU students’ project launched into space By Becky Ginos | firstname.lastname@example.org BOUNTIFUL—A group of Utah State University students made history last month when NASA launched their satellite project to space. It was the first of its kind built entirely by undergraduate students. Built by the Get Away Special Team, GASPACS, (Get Away Special Passive Attitude Control Satellite) is a technology demonstration that uses a custom-built inflatable aerodynamic boom to passively stabilize its orbit, according to material provided by USU. “I graduated from Bountiful High in 2020,” said Carter Page, a mechanical engineering student at USU and mechanical team lead. “I found out about the GAS team and I’m all about space so I jumped right on it.” The project has been in the works for about eight years, he said. “The project has almost died once or twice over the past years. Thanks to our student team leader Jack Danos pushing it for the last couple of years we finally had the team to get it done.” The purpose is to test it in a small format, said Page. “It’s an affordable way to test something. When it gets to space it deploys an inflatable boom that kind of sits behind the satellite like a tail.”
It acts like feathers on the end of an arrow, he said. “As it flies it interacts with particles of air that cause drag and force the satellite along the velocity vector. The main mission is to deploy the boom to take pictures and send them back to Earth to prove that we did it.” It stays deployed and connected to the satellite until it burns up and returns to the Earth’s atmosphere, Page said. “It takes about a year before it burns up.” Page said the project is to demonstrate that it can be done. “Deploying an inflatable really hasn’t been done before. In our case we used it to stabilize something, in other cases it can build structures like inflatable arms, etc.” The team worked over the summer and finished in August. Page estimated that they spent about 400 hours on the project. “We worked our butts off,” he said. “Then in September we got to go down and deliver it to Nanoracks in Houston.” It’s part of the CubeSat launch initiative program (CSLI), said Page. NASA basically pays for launch management except for the development and construction of the satellite.” GASPACS was launched to the International Space Station by a Falcon 9 where astro-
The GAS Team at Kennedy Space Center.
nauts then deploy the satellite out into orbit on Jan. 24, 2022. “While we’re waiting for that we'll start on the next project,” Page said. “Jack will graduate and I’ll take over as Team Leader. I’ll be over whatever project is next.” Having all undergrads working on the project can be tough, he said. “They graduate and all that knowledge is lost. That’s definitely
rough but such a rewarding opportunity to get into position to make important decisions on this team. It’s pretty special.” Page has liked space since he was in junior high. “I hope students in Utah can see this project and realize they have an option to help build a satellite when they come in right at the start (of college),” he said. “It blew my mind when I found out about it.”l
One letter could make a big difference in the classroom By Peri Kinder | email@example.com
or years, educators focused on bringing science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) concepts into K-12 classrooms, hoping to prepare students for the future. But now, adding one letter to STEM, could make a difference in how a child learns, develops and builds confidence. The STEAM concept integrates music, visual arts, theater and dance into elementary school activities and introduces creative learning opportunities. Shanda Stenger is the fine arts supervisor for Davis School District and oversees the Beverley Taylor Sorenson Arts Learning Program in the district. “I believe fine arts instruction is vital for a student’s education,” Stenger said. “It helps them gain real understanding of concepts and helps develop creativity.” BTS Arts is an arts integration program subsidized by the state that provides specialists to create curriculum based on the arts. There are three BTS Arts instructional coaches in the district, with the goal to add more. A visual arts coach, music coach and integration coach devise activities that include visual learning, music education, manual dexterity, hands-on learning, teamwork and creativity. DSD Arts Integration Instructional Coach Bethany Struthers pilots a BTS Arts program with half of her time spent at Fremont Elemen-
Page 20 | February 2022
tary. Recently, she worked with second graders to help them understand the vocabulary of the water cycle. Struthers talked to the students about movement and how they could make their bodies describe words like evaporation and precipitation. “They created dances to help them remember the concepts,” Struthers said. “The kids were not getting the vocabulary and now they know it because they learned the movement for it.” A third grade program uses music and movement to teach fractions, and fourth graders make prehistoric art on clay tablets. In fifth grade, students learn choreography that helps them remember the branches of government. “We start in elementary and we reach students that doubt they have the understanding or experience,” Stenger said. “It doesn’t have to be talent. It’s usually constant effort and putting in a little each day. There is much healing through the arts. You can really feel and work through experiences.” During COVID, students spent a lot of time learning in front of screens, without having a way to learn as a group through movement and interaction. Now that kids are back in the classroom, Struthers said teachers want to get kids away from screens and moving more. With every aspect of learning, from math
to reading, integrated with the arts, this type of teaching reaches students who might be auditory learners where they can assimilate information easier when it’s accompanied by sound. It also provides tactile learners opportunities for hands-on activities. And visual learners have a variety of ways to process new concepts through drawing or designing. Students have shown an increase in reading comprehension when paired with the arts. “Reading fluency and music pair so well together and fluency is a huge skill they’re learning in these grades,” Struthers said. “They just need to have fun learning. They have been very successful.” With more than 80 arts teachers in DSD, there are many opportunities for students to participate, whether that’s through musical theater, dance programs, or the holiday arts competition that selects a student’s art for the district’s holiday cards. This year, Syracuse High School Sophomore Class Officer Jacob Pulley’s design was chosen. “Any art that comes from the district is created by students in the district,” Stenger said. In a partnership with Weber State University, an internship program brings future arts integration coaches into DSD classrooms for real-world experience. Struthers also coaches teachers interested in adding more arts to their
This award-winning design created by Syracuse High School Sophomore Class Officer Jacob Pulley, was used for this year’s Davis School District’s holiday cards.
curriculum. “The pendulum of funding and what is necessary swung too far toward technology and math,” Struthers said. “Not that there’s anything wrong with those programs, but we need the arts and it’s being reinvigorated.” l
Bountiful | West Bountiful City Journal
Bountiful High School 2021-22 Sterling Scholars
Davis High School 2021-22 Sterling Scholars
Back row: Kaylee Castleberry, Visual Arts; Emma Zaugg, Family and Consumer Science; Christian Ure, Social Studies; Benjamin Hatfield, Computer Technology; Smith Alley, Business and Marketing; Samuel Landon, World Languages. Front row: Taylor Davidson, Dance; Lainey Rowsell, Science; Breanna Mortensen, English; Emily Larsen, Instrumental Music; Elle Robinson, Vocal Performance; Isabella Hanks, Mathematics; Eleanor Christensen, Speech/Theatre Arts/Forensics.
Back row: Jacob Flint, Computer Technology; Hannah Jensen, English; Kate Masner, Visual Arts; Sofia Zubeldia, Business and Marketing; Samantha Nichols, Mathematics; Jacob Johnson, Science. Front row: Kathryn Weeks, Instrumental Music; Sarah Deppe, Skilled and Technical Sciences Education; Juhee Lee, Social Science; Olivia Giles, Dance; Melia Morrison, World Languages.
Farmington High School 2021-22 Sterling Scholars Back Row Standing: Lauren Lund, Visual Arts; Brayden Beck, Vocal Performance; Ethan Bybee, Drama; Tyler Thompson, Computer Science. Middle Row: Sienna Puckrin, World Language; Mariah Miller, Family and Consumer Science; Julia Tholen, Technical Education; Alana Rae Christensen, English; Melissa Jackson, Instrumental Music. Front Row Seated: Jessica Haviland, Business and Marketing; Ashley Wilcox, Dance; Abigail Stringfellow, Mathematics; Eliza Streadbeck, Social Studies. Not Pictured: Luke Jacobsmeyer, Science.
Viewmont High School 2021-22 Sterling Scholars Front row: Beth Mitchell, World Languages; Berkeley Hamaker, Science; Shelby McDonald, Dance; Stella Wadsworth, English; Kira Wootton, Speech/Theater Arts. Middle row: Shamira Morgan, Vocal Performance; Ella Johnson, Visual Arts; Julia Okelberry, Business & Marketing; Nicole Wood, Family & Consumer Sciences. Back row: Justin Young, Computer Technology; Jane Jeppesen, Instrumental Performance; Matthew Newson, Mathematics; Paige Crandall, Social Science.
February 2022 | Page 21
Beyond love at first swipe By Karmel Harperfirstname.lastname@example.org
ince the emergence of the internet, dating has never been the same. Before 1995, when Match.com, the first online dating platform, was launched, singles met each other via mutual set-ups, at work or school, social events, or random meets at the local club, bar, grocery store, or other venues where two people were lucky enough to be at the same place, at the same time. As texting wasn’t mainstream until the late 1990s, early 2000s singles actually had to call each other to connect and plan dates. Waiting a few days between contact was typical and even expected. In 1997, Nokia introduced the first phone with a built-in keyboard. According to Paige Roosien, who wrote a June 2015 SignalVine article, text messaging took off at the start of the millennium once people could text friends on different networks. Roosien said, “By 2002, more than 250 billion SMS messages were sent worldwide. By 2007, the number of texts sent each month surpassed the number of phone calls. Eventually, text messaging was officially the preferred way of communicating with friends and family.” The ease and instant communication of texting has propelled online dating as the #1 method for people to meet their signifi-
cant others. According to Statista.com, the most popular dating apps as of April 2021 based on the number of downloads are: 1) Tinder - 1.1 million 2) Bumble - 564,000 3) Hinge - 393,000 4) Badoo - 207,000 5) Match - 125,000 6) OkCupid - 109,000 7) eHarmony - 67,000 8) Coffee Meets Bagel - 39,000 9) happn - 34,000 A 2019 study conducted by theknot. com surveyed over 10,000 recently married or engaged couples and found that 22% of them met online, with 30% of the spouses meeting on Tinder. Another 14% found success on OkCupid, and 13% met their matches on Bumble. But if swiping right, sending “winks,” or texting a kissy-face emoji to get someone’s attention is not your thing, do not despair. The study revealed that 19% of couples met through mutual friends, 17% met at school, and 13% met at work. Some 11% met at a social setting like a bar, concert, or party. For busy professionals serious about finding their perfect partner, hiring a professional matchmaker can be effective. Though the term may evoke images of
Yente from “Fiddler on the Roof” with its associated catchy tune, modern professional matchmakers are devoted to learning how and why relationships form, grow, and last. They work closely with their clients to discover their true qualities and build deep working relationships to find them their most compatible matches. They also work as coaches to empower their clients with confidence and authenticity they can present on dates. Herriman resident Mia McKinney is a professional matchmaker who successfully coaches clients to master first dates and Online dating reigns as the #1 method singles use empowers them to approach a second date. to find their significant other. Photo courtesy of McKinney said, “My job is to vet prospec- Canva. tive matches for my clients, so they don’t have to waste their time doing that. My cli- professional Date Coach to assist with onents are primarily professionals and execu- line profile creations or improvements and tives who don’t have the time to text all day one-on-one date coaching. You can contact or go on endless first dates.” McKinney said her at email@example.com. one of the biggest mistakes people make on With Valentine’s Day around the corfirst dates is looking too far ahead to see ner, or as Kaysville’s Kevin Wood calls if their date will make a good spouse, par- it, “Singles Awareness Day,” ‘tis the seaent, or long-term companion. “The primary son for Cupid’s arrow to fly. Whether it’s goal of a first date,” McKinney said, “is to online, through mutual friends, at work or see if you would like to meet for a second school, or with the help of a professional date.” While McKinney’s matchmaking matchmaker, there are many ways for that services are through a firm that does not arrow to strike. l service Utah, she is available to locals as a
Nearly 20,000 Utah children are being raised by a relative By Becky Ginos | firstname.lastname@example.org BOUNTIFUL—When Jenn Dishman became a grandmother she never dreamed she would be raising two of those children. With some of her kids still at home, adding an 8-year-old and 10-year-old to the family was an unexpected change. Dishman is not alone. There are about 20,000 kids in Utah living in “kinship” care which is being raised by a family member or friend. “For two or three years we knew our daughter was having a lot of struggles,” said Dishman. “She was drinking quite a bit and had married an abusive man. We had the kids off and on and they were going back and forth.” Dishman said they were becoming stressed about getting the kids and the situation with her daughter’s abusive husband. “He convinced her to steal money from her employer at Weber. We called the foster system and asked them what I would need to do. They said we would need to be certified to be foster parents.” They referred her to GRANDfamilies, a program run by the Children’s Service Society of Utah that helps kinship care families navigate the new situation. “It started in 2002,” said Rich Johnston, GRANDfamilies Program Director and Adoption Program Director. “At first it was a service for grandparents caring for a grandchild. Now it’s pretty much grandparents, family or
Page 22 | February 2022
friends. We don’t work with biological parents directly.” They are the only kinship program in the state, he said. “We work closely with DCFS. One of our goals is to not only prevent kids from going into foster care but to work with people who don’t qualify to be foster parents.” With foster care the children have been removed from the parents, said Johnston. “The requirements are pretty strict on income, size of rooms, etc. Unfortunately, most (kinship families) don’t qualify for foster care payments. We’re working to get funds to support them more and help them qualify for Medicaid so the children do have medical coverage.” “It’s a situation you thought you’d never be in,” said Dishman. “There’s a lot of strong emotions dealing with the repercussions of your own child’s alcohol abuse. Dishman’s daughter opted not to sign the paperwork for them to take guardianship. “She disappeared,” she said. “He’d (husband) had convinced her to come to a hotel and kept her there. He beat the living daylights out of her. I know he used the kids as leverage to keep her there.” She decided to sign guardianship just as COVID hit, said Dishman. “I spent most of the winter homeschooling them. Grandfamilies helped me get that set up. They really had my
Jenn Dishman’s grandsons sit on Santa’s lap. Dishman and her husband are raising the two boys. Courtesy photo
back. I’m so grateful and indebted to them.” The two boys are now in Dishman’s care. “They’re in a much better, safer place with me,” she said. “My husband and I had to shift gears with what we were doing.”
Dishman is grateful the boys are not in foster care. “I wouldn’t have been prepared to take them if I hadn’t heard about GRANDfamilies.”l
Bountiful | West Bountiful City Journal
Sometimes it is rocket science
hree things could doom our country: domestic terrorism, Olivia Rodrigo and the rejection of science. The first two are obvious, but rejecting science? When did scientists become the bad guys? As more people deny mainstream science, I think about the good, old Russian pseudoscientist Trofim Lysenko. (You can call him Tro.) He and Joseph Stalin were BFFs after Tro convinced Stalin he could “educate” crops to grow using his “law of the life of species” theory which included planting seeds close together and soaking plants in freezing water. Stalin embraced this nonsense and seven million Russians died from starvation when the country ran out of food, because Tro (you can call him The Idiot) convinced Stalin that science-based agricultural practices were garbage. There’s lots of science I don’t understand, like quantum mechanics, curved spacetime and string theory, which proves kittens will play with a ball of yarn indefinitely. But I don’t have to understand science because, and here’s a key point, I am not a scientist. I’m saying this louder for those in the back: science shouldn’t be a partisan issue. But here we are. Anti-science is on the rise and people (i.e., non-scientists) are putting their own batty (often dangerous) theories
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out in the universe, much like Tro the Idiot. More than 2,000 years ago, Aristotle decided our planet was a sphere, not a flat disc flung through space in a game of Frisbee golf played by Greek gods. But people didn’t believe him. Some flat-folk still don’t believe him. Giordano Bruno was burned at the stake for his theory of the cosmos which included the heretical idea that the earth revolved around the sun. Before his death he proclaimed, “Perhaps you who pronounce my sentence are in greater fear than I who receive it.” And that’s what it boils down to: fear. A campaign of distrust based on fear slowly erodes faith in scientists and any theory they present. We all know the government is run by rabid lizards in human suits, but scientists have saved our bacon for centuries. In 1796, Dr. Edward Jenner used gunk from a cowpox sore to inoculate a child against smallpox and gave the world its first hope to combat the terrible illness. When he wasn’t performing in “Hamilton,” President Thomas Jefferson strongly recommended smallpox vaccinations to eradicate the disease. Dr. Jonas Salk developed the polio vaccine in 1955, becoming a national hero. When vaccines for measles, whoop-
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February 2022 | Page 23
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