March 25, 2011
MEDICAL UNIVERSITY of SOUTH CAROLINA
Vol. 29, No. 30
Women leaders honored for excellence Ford’s research in health disparities improves outcomes
King lends style, experience to role in public relations
by cinDy abole
by DaWn brazell
I was curious
and wanted to learn
more about my own grandparents and what
caused their deaths. Dr. Marvella Ford
n her 20 years working in population research and academia, MUSC behavioral scientist and cancer epidemiologist Marvella Ford is living her dream and making a difference in the lives of others. Ford, Ph.D., has accomplished this as a dedicated researcher and mentor to others while meeting her own interests of improving the environment around her by helping others succeed. She’s a living example of what spiritual and political leader Mahatma Gandhi meant challenging individuals to “be the change you want to see in the world.” Ford came to MUSC in 2005 as an associate professor in the Division of Biostatistics and Epidemiology and in 2006, accepted dual roles at the Hollings Cancer Center (HCC) as co-director for Cancer Prevention and Control Program and associate director for cancer disparities. “We’ve made a lot of progress, but we have a long way to go as it relates to understanding the causes of disparities within communities. They can be caused by many things from social and environmental causes to behavioral and genetic contributors. See ForD on page 10
Social WorkerS’ Month Patients and families reach out for support and benefits.
say—everything you do—has a ripple effect on the world. Dr. Sarah King
hether it’s dancing with President Ronald Reagan or in the hot seat with Larry King, Sarah King exudes grace under pressure. It’s a gift that has served her well through the years, particularly as MUSC’s director of the Office of Public Relations. King, DHA, is one of four women selected at MUSC to be honored as part of National Women’s History Month as women who exemplify leadership qualities and who make significant contributions in their fields. Becoming a strong leader really wasn’t an option for King, whose father’s diplomatic and military career had her in training at an early age. Born in Fort Riley, Kansas, she lived in six states before she was 8. Then it was off to Europe, where she attended a boarding school in Switzerland, getting a crash course in French and German so she’d be able to make friends. She remembers it as a lonely, but exciting time and one of many lessons she’d have in life on the value of adaptability. It was a lesson her mother taught her as well. Her mother, who’s from Poland, survived the invasion of the Russians at age 12 and lived in the woods with resistance forces for two years. “Then the Nazis came into Poland, and she never saw her family again after that.” See king on page 11
Transplant program enables patients to remain in state.
Medical Center Excellence
READ THE CATALYST ONLINE - http://www.musc.edu/catalyst
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ApplAuse progrAm The following employees received recognition through the Applause Program for going the extra mile: Medical Center
Ann Peterson, Safety & Security/Volunteer & Guest Services; Kydra Penn, Business Operations; Katherine Lee, Storm Eye Institute; Susan Oman, Storm Eye Institute; Deborah Oliver, Ambulatory Care; Bernard Brown, Patient Transport Services; Harris Slone, Residents Orthopedic Surgery; Shawn Stevens, Residents Otolaryngology; Ashley Phillips, Cardiology; Annie Williams, Pre/ Post Anesthesia; Reid Marmillion, Respiratory Therapy; Jennifer Darlak, 8W; Shannon Carmody, Radiation Oncology; James Fort, Radiation Oncology; Teresa Daly, 7E; Kathleen Kurowski, 7E; Kristen DeAndrade, 7E; Banner Burleson, 7E; Alice Gadsden, 7A; Cagney Lauderman, 7A; Karen Loury, 7A; Jessica Roy, 7A; Kate Miccichi, MedSurg; Pamela Mazyck, RT Outpatient Pharmacy; Claire Woodward, Women’s Services; Tammy Manigault, Women’s Services; Cassandra Poinsett, Venipuncture; Reginald Coulter, Dietetic Services; Jessica Hardy, Women’s Services; Donna Chapman, Women’s Services; Pamela Miller, Environmental Services; Mary Morgan, SEI; Audrey Wilder, Ambulatory Surgery; Stacy Ribble, Pediatrics Procedure Areas; Cynthia McConnell, Clinical Neurophysiology Services; Carolyn Kay, Neurosurgery & Spine; Sonya Floyd, Managed Care; Angela Aumen, Referral Call Cen-
Editorial of fice MUSC Office of Public Relations 135 Cannon Street, Suite 403C, Charleston, SC 29425. 843-792-4107 Fax: 843-792-6723 Editor: Kim Draughn firstname.lastname@example.org Catalyst staff: Cindy Abole, email@example.com Dawn Brazell, firstname.lastname@example.org
Students looking out for next generation
ter; Rashawn Pitts, ART Dietetic Services; Gary Semb, Clinical Neurophysiology Services; Shay Limehouse, STNICU; Harriet Dunn, Vascular Lab; Terry Wilson, Pastoral Care; Eugenia Mathias, 6E; Janice Rama, 6E; Kristian Spann, ART 6E; Cynthia Brown, ART 6E; Raylene Gries, 6E; Elaine Sola, ART 6E; Peter Dodge, Family Medicine; Ashley Charlebois, 8E; Tonnia Mullen, MACC; Tracy Marsh, Business Operations; Carolyn Harrison, PAS; Diana Gifford, MACC; Ann Putila, 8W; Mona Murdaugh, 8W; and Alaina Heyward, 10W. University
Melinda Anderson, Parking Management; Chloe Backman, Occupational Safety & Health; Robin Bhavsar, Urology; Katie Blaylock, Wellness Center; Sharon Bond, OB-GYN; Cynthia Chasteen, College of Nursing; Amanda Crocker, Hollings Cancer Center; Tyler Cross, Wellness Center; Peggy Cunningham, Accounts Payable; Lynette Franklin, Urology; Shanell Gadsden, Internal Medicine; Patrice Gordon, Human Resources; Martha Lewis, College of Pharmacy; Amy McCurley, Family Medicine; Matthew McIntyre, Urology; Delores Mitchell, Controller’s Office; John (Sam) Padgett, Public Safety; Susan Privitera, Dental Medicine; Avery Rivers, Engineering & Facilities; Catherine Rubinstein, Surgery; Donna Rychwa, Controller’s Office; Benita Schlau, Wellness Center; Caroline Scruggs, Family Medicine; and Ahmed M. El-Zawahry, Urology.
The Catalyst is published once a week. Paid adver tisements, which do not represent an endorsement by MUSC or the State of South Carolina, are handled by Island Publications Inc., Moultrie News, 134 Columbus St., Charleston, S.C., 843-849-1778 or 843-958-7490. E-mail: email@example.com.
As part of the Creating Collaborative Care initiative, students from the College of Dental Medicine and occupational therapy students from the College of Health Professions presented training on dental disease and prevention to the staff of Pattison’s Academy for Comprehensive Education (PACE). Presenting the students with oral hygiene kits are Daniel Henderson, Anna Roberts, Marie Cross, Karla Knuth, Brett Shigley, Allison McFall, JJ Puza and Caroline Tuttle. Not pictured is Whitney Meek. Based on a parent or guardian survey conducted in the fall, MUSC students collaborated on a training program that included a PowerPoint, a video and handouts. Topics included the recognition and prevention of dental disease including oral hygiene procedures and adaptations needed to address physical disabilities. Pattison’s is a Charleston County Charter School for children with severe developmental conditions.
Moodle learning management system allows more abilities A new learning management system for the university was recently approved by the university education infrastructure committee. Moodle was selected as a system that best meets the needs of MUSC faculty, staff and students. The decision was made following a review and evaluation by a committee composed of representatives from each college. This system will be hosted by MoodleRooms http://www. moodlerooms.com/. The ability for Moodlerooms to integrate with MUSC student management system (Datatel's Colleague) along with its demonstrated ability to meet all other requirements specified in the request for proposal (e.g., robust quiz features including statistical analysis of scores, easy-to-use discussion
board, training and migration support, etc.), made it the top choice by the evaluation committee. Stan Sulkowski and Mary Mauldin are leading an implementation committee composed of representatives from each college throughout spring semester 2011. Plans for training and migration of courses from WebCT and Blackboard are being developed by each college representative on the implementation committee. The committee’s goal is to provide maximum support to each college as the institution moves from WebCT and Blackboard to Moodle by June 30. For information, contact Sulkowski at firstname.lastname@example.org or Mauldin at email@example.com.
the catalySt, March 25, 2011 3
MUSC social workers change patients’ lives, futures by katie Stacy Public Relations
MUSC social worker Patricia Roberts, center, talks with patient Timothy Barentine and his parents Connie and James Barentine. At MUSC there are 20 clinical effectiveness social workers. fortunate to have Roberts care. “She’s wonderful. I would like to take her home with me.” Every March the National Association of Social Workers celebrates more than 640,000 social workers in the United
States and the benefits they give to their patients. The theme for this year is Social Workers Change Futures. Roberts, a clinical social worker, has changed many patients’ futures. Originally from New York, Roberts has
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wenty-eight-year-old Timothy Barentine faced serious problems Dec. 3, 2010. He was experiencing flu-like symptoms and multiple complications, including multi-organ failure and neurological problems. The Beaufort native needed to fly via helicopter for treatment at Ashley River Tower. Worst of all, he had no insurance. This is when Patricia Roberts stepped in and offered her support to this struggling family. She helped Timothy get insurance as well as apply for disability benefits. With Roberts’ support and the hard work of all the staff, he has shown improvement in his function and speaks in partial sentences. He is also able to sit up in a special wheelchair for a period of time. James and Connie Barentine appreciate all the support Roberts has given to their son during his stay at MUSC. Connie said they were so
been helping patients and their families for more than 37 years. She believes the best part of the job is all the challenges it brings. “There’s never a dull moment, even days that begin seemingly simple sometimes become more complicated.” Many of the patients have complex social histories and it is the job of a social worker to piece everything together. Each person on staff brings different experiences and skills that they use as a team to work together, she said. Social workers must have a wide range of skill sets and knowledge. This includes understanding infant needs all the way to geriatrics needs. Duties can include discharge planning, educating patients and their families about resources available, reporting child abuse, and resolving alcohol and drug issues. For information on social workers at the Children’s Hospital, visit http:// www.musckids.com/socialworkers. For information on social worker month visit http://www.naswdc.org/.
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Decorate your plate with more fruits, veggies
There’s an expression “eat a rainbow” that offers more merit than just making a plate look appealing. Adding a variety of colors to the diet ensures that the body is getting all the vitamins and minerals it needs. This is such an important statement that the American Dietetic Association (ADA) made it the theme of this year’s National Nutrition Month held in March. So how do you add color to a diet? The ADA is not encouraging people to eat more Fruit Loops at breakfast or tri-colored pasta at dinner. They are talking about fruits Kristina Secinaro and vegetables. In 2009, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention surveyed the country to determine fruit and vegetable consumption. The survey found less than 10 percent of the state’s population met the recommended intake of fruits and vegetables. Fruits and vegetables provide fiber and vitamins and should be a large part of any diet.
In addition, each color group has its own benefit that adds to its importance in a daily diet. Fruits and vegetables can be classified by their pigments (colors), with each pigment offering unique health benefits. Lycopene and anthocyanins are what give the red fruits and vegetables their vibrant color. Lycopene, found in tomatoes and watermelons, has been shown to reduce the risk of certain cancers. Anthocyanins, found in red foods like raspberries and strawberries along with blue and purple produce like eggplant, are shown to be powerful antioxidants. These antioxidants help improve circulation throughout the body and protect your cells from damage. Next is the orange and yellow group, which contains carotenoids. Most of us, at one time or another, have heard someone say, “Eat your carrots, they are good for your eyes.” Beta-carotene, present in carrots, sweet potatoes and pumpkins, is converted to vitamin A, which has been shown to promote good vision. Carotenoids can also help reduce the risk of cancer and heart disease. The citrus fruits, also orange, are high in vitamin C, which is effective in promoting a
healthy immune system and preventing heart disease. Green fruits and vegetables get their color from the well known pigment, chlorophyll. Some of these foods contain lutein and zeaxanthin, which help reduce the risk of cataracts and macular degeneration. Finally, there are the white fruits and vegetables, like potatoes and cauliflower. Even though these may not add much vibrance to the rainbow, they are colored by pigments, anthoxanthins, and have beneficial effects. This pigment contains chemicals that have been shown to lower blood pressure and cholesterol and reduce the risk of stomach cancer and heart disease. You do not need to eat every color every single day, but you should aim to incorporate each color into your diet at least once a week. Salads are a great way to get a variety of colors in one sitting. Stir-fried dishes and fruit cups are also easy ways to incorporate several different vegetables into one dish. You can even buy frozen vegetable and fruit medleys for a quick fix. For tips, recipes and information about including fruits and vegetables into your diet, visit http://www. fruitsandveggiesmatter.gov.
Match Day is MUSC’s Own March Madness
Medical student Tucker Laffitte, top photo, and his fiancé, bask in their moment at Match Day March 17. Laffitte shares the news with his class mates at the Gaillard Auditorium of his emergency medicine residency match to Eastern Virginia Medical School in Norfolk, Va. Meanwhile, student Marlon Clark and his father, left photo, celebrate his family medicine match to McLeod Regional Medical Center in Florence. A total of 161 MUSC students participated in this year’s match process filling residency education slots at MUSC as well as other institutions such as Harvard, Stanford, Yale and Duke. The Main Residency Match, which is organized by the National Resident Matching Program, broke records for the number of residency positions offered and filled this year. Watch the video at http://bit.ly/MUSCMatchDay.
the catalySt, March 25, 2011 5
The Vice President for Academic Affairs and Provost invites nominations for the 2011 MUSC Foundation Outstanding Clinician Awards. The Outstanding Clinician Award honors full-time faculty of any duration of service who have made outstanding contributions to patient care at MUSC. Currently active clinicians who commit a significant proportion of their time caring for patients in ambulatory or inpatient settings are eligible for this award. Awardees will have demonstrated a high level of professionalism, integrity, and devotion to patient care. They will have gained recognition as dedicated, compassionate and highly effective clinicians. Their clinical excellence and service commitment identify them as role models for residents, students and their faculty colleagues. An additional consideration will be their abilities to collaborate in an effective interprofessional manner. IP04-477890
Eligibility q Appointment to the full-time faculty of MUSC. There is no age or length of service requirement. q There shall be no more than three awards given in a single year. The monetary reward of $3,000 will be used at the discretion of the awardees. The nomination packet should consist of the full curriculum vitae of the nominee with an expanded description of the section of clinical activity; three letters of support, with at least one from a peer; and a statement from the nominator (not to exceed 1,000 words) outlining the candidate's qualifications for the award. Deadline for nominations is Friday, April 22. Submit nominations to Mark Sothmann,Ph.D., vice president for academic affairs and provost, 179 Ashley Ave., Colcock Hall, MSC 002, MUSC.
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Some of the newest technology from telecommunications, computer hardware and software vendors will be at the Tech Fair from 11 a.m. to 2 p.m. April 6 at the Colbert Education Center & Library. Nafees Bin Zafar, a 2007 academy award winner for fluid simulation tools, will be the keynote speaker. He is a senior production engineer at DreamWorks Animation and has worked on rigid body effects for “Transformers 2,” “2012,” “How to Train Your Dragon,” and “Tron: Legacy.” The presentation will begin at noon in the auditorium of the Basic Science Building. In addition to the presentation, the fair also will provide participants with a chance to see the newest social media trends and receive door prizes. Food will be for sale in the horseshoe.
6 the catalySt, March 25, 2011
Bridge run needs volunteers now more than ever by katie Stacy Public Relations Tilahun Regassa almost missed his opportunity to run the 10K Cooper River Bridge Run in 27 minutes 52 seconds and take third place in 2010. He may not have made it to the starting line at all without the help of MUSC volunteer, Janis Newton. To stay organized with more than 40,000 runners each year, the race counts on its 3,500 volunteers to keep everything running smoothly. Many of those volunteers come from MUSC. Newton, program director at the MUSC Wellness Center, went to personally pick up Regassa last year from the Charleston airport at 8 p.m. However when she got there Regassa was nowhere to be found. After waiting numerous hours and alerting airport security of the missing Ethiopian, who spoke no English, Newton went home and planned to come back at 11 p.m. for the next incoming flight. When she returned, he still wasn’t there. After waiting three long hours, she got a call from airport security at 2 a.m. saying they had found Regassa, Newton said. “One of the biggest challenges is the lack of communication especially when many of the runners don’t even speak English.” To make matters worse, the morning of the race when Regassa was to meet in the lobby for the race, he was missing once again. Newton found Regassa sound asleep in his bed. It was Newton’s job to wake him up and make sure he got to the race on time.
Newton deals with the coordinaSmith said he is excited about tion of all the elite runners. Regassa the growing numbers. “This year is is one of the elite runners from going to be bigger and better than Ethiopia; he won the race in 2009 ever.” and came in third in 2010. There are volunteers needed for It is Newton’s job to make sure the pre-race expo at the Gaillard the runners get from their country Auditorium as well as the Kids to the start line of the run each Run on Friday and the actual year. The run, the 7th largest event 10K race itself. Volunteers do a in the world with a $10,000 first variety of jobs from handing out place prize, attracts many elite water to assisting with bus loading. runners worldwide. Medical volunteers, except doctors “Many of these elite runners who already are on staff, also are don’t do it for the competition. needed. This is how they feed their families There are two events to cover: and support them for a year. It’s the Kids Run on April 1 from 3 critical that they win these races,” p.m. to 6 p.m. and the big race on she said. She also said the runners April 2 from 7 a.m. to noon. Each The winner of the 2011 Bridge are very appreciative of the help volunteer will receive a T-shirt and Run design contest is Rick Sargent they receive. should wear weather-appropriate of Mount Pleasant. MUSC has played an important clothes and old shoes (since some part in the bridge run each year and runners sometimes get sick after Newton is just one example of that. their run). They are asked to bring Julian Smith, bridge run director, said W. Marcus a stethoscope and blood pressure cuff if possible and to Newberry, M.D., previously the vice president of stay clear of the finish line area during the run. MUSC, was “the godfather” of the bridge run. For more information on being a medical volunteer Newberry was very instrumental in getting it all started call Al Hawkins at 822-8653 or e-mail al.hawkins@dhs. 34 years ago. gov. This year participants may donate their registration For more information on volunteering for the runs, fee to charity. Among the charities you can help is the go to http://www.bridgerun.com and click on the MUSC Children’s Hospital. volunteer page link.
Carnival makes commitment to MUSC Carnival Cruise Line will make a $50,000 donation to MUSC Children’s Hospital as part of a year-long partnership. “We are looking forward to the positive impact of this partnership,” said MUSC President Ray Greenberg, M.D., Ph.D. “Since becoming a greater part of our business and tourism community this year, Carnival Cruise Lines is continuing to demonstrate its commitment to the Charleston area.” Wanda Bazemore, associate director of development at the Children’s Hospital, expressed how honored the hospital is to have the partnership. “Through their generosity the child life area at MUSC Children's Hospital will receive $50,000 through items and a monetary donation that will enhance the lives of children that we care for each and every day. The donation of the four Wii mobile
stations will allow children who are unable to visit the atrium to have the opportunity to play. They also donated two laptops that the children will be able to use during their stay. We are indeed fortunate to have good corporate community citizens such as Carnival Cruise.” Once a quarter the ship entertainers will come to the Children’s Hospital atrium to entertain the patients and families. The past performance included an acrobatic team as well as production show dancers and vocalists. Carnival also brought its ship’s towel pals that are shaped like animals as a treat for the children. Carnival also will be raise funds through a spring fundraiser and through the Cooper River Bridge Run, where for every Carnival slushy served, $1 will be donated to the hospital up to $10,000.
Trauma, injury prevention seminar reaches out to providers The Children's Hospital hosted the S.C. Pediatric Trauma and Injury Prevention Symposium Feb. 28. The event is expected to be held annually. Pediatric trauma is the leading cause of childhood death and disability. This regional multidisciplinary conference was sponsored by the Emergency Medical Services for Children Program of South Pediatric trauma medical director Dr. Christian Streck, Department of Pediatric Carolina. The program works Surgery, addresses the participants of the to decrease pediatric mortality Pediatric Trauma and Injury Prevention and morbidity due to severe Symposium. illness or injury by enhancing pediatric emergency care services throughout South Carolina. More than 160 participants attended the conference. Many MUSC and Southeast regional faculty gave presentations challenging providers to employ best practice models in the care of injured children and injury prevention initiatives.
The Catalyst, March 25, 2011 7
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MUSC revives its lung transplant program by DaWn brazell
he first thing Evin Evans wants to do when she gets out of the hospital and home to her farm is to take off her shoes, bury her bare feet into the earth and breathe. Breathe without it feeling like she’s sucking air through a piece of lava. Breathe without the burden of oxygen tanks weighing her down. “I want to reconnect to the land,” she said in her hospital room as she began the tough road of recovery from her March 9 double-lung transplant. “I’m not ever going to take it for granted. Taking a breath is phenomenal. This is a big deal. It’s a big deal for me. It’s a big deal for MUSC.” That it is. Kim Phillips, R.N., and transplant service line administrator, said this completes the one missing piece of a well-established, multi-organ transplant center. It also means that organs can remain in state as was the case for the last transplant where the three viable organs remained in the state and went to patients at MUSC. Evans, who learned that two other patients also were recovering at MUSC having received organs from the same donor, got teary as a friend told her it was like she had cousins now. She took in the news, nodding. “It’s like we’re family,” Evans said of the gift. An organ donor herself, Evans said no one knows until their life depends on getting an organ what it feels like. “On one level, I underestimated how grateful I would feel. It’s a gift beyond what you can imagine.” MUSC had a lung transplant program from 1994 to 1997, but it was discontinued after the chief surgeon left. With the completion of Ashley River Tower and the key recruitment of Timothy P.M. Whelan, M.D., of the University of Minnesota to be the lung transplantation medical director and William Yarbrough, M.D., of Stanford University as surgical director for the lung Whelan transplant program, MUSC was able to offer the program again. Whelan said MUSC is better prepared now as there is a core group of surgeons involved and the project is supported on all levels by the hospital, including the departments of surgery and medicine. A referral center for patients with advanced lung disease, MUSC eventually will perform 30 to 40 transplants a year, Whelan said. He was drawn to this field because lung transplantation affords patients a
Dr. William M. Yarbrough sees how Evin Evans is feeling after her double lung transplant. second chance. “All of these patients are quite ill and would not remain alive despite our best attempts at medical therapy. There is nothing like seeing a person who is dependent on oxygen taking a deep breath with a set of lungs that work perfectly.” MUSC’s Pulmonary Division is nationally recognized for its leaders in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency, pulmonary hypertension, pulmonary fibrosis and cystic fibrosis, which are the
major diagnoses that are receiving transplants in the nation. “Without transplant as an option at MUSC, these patients had to go to a different center and meet a whole new team. Needless to say, this is a burden to patients who are already vulnerable from their advanced lung disease.” Other advantages to MUSC having the program is See lung on page 13
Photo provided by Timothy P.M. Whelan, M.D.
Pictured from left are: Drs. John S. Ikonomidis, cardiothoracic surgery chief at MUSC, Chadrick Denlinger, cardiothoracic surgeon, and William M. Yarbrough, Lung transplant program surgical director, as they perform a double lung transplant for Evin Evans.
the catalySt, March 25, 2011 9
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10 the catalySt, March 25, 2011
ForD Continued from Page One
We’re just starting to understand this,” said Ford. Ford is one of four women in March being recognized as part of the MUSC’s National Women’s History Month program celebrating leadership and excellence. “Our History is Our Strength” is the 2011 theme recognizing 100 years of women’s achievements around the world. Ford has dedicated her career to identifying and eliminating health disparities among populations and in communities. She’s conducted studies that focus on factors affecting the participation of older AfricanAmericans in cancer clinical trials research. In spring 2009, HCC won National Cancer Institute designation becoming the only cancer center in the state to achieve this status as it joined the ranks of elite cancer centers across the country. This designation raises the bar for the institution to find more effective approaches to cancer prevention, diagnosis and therapy. Ford has contributed her expertise in several patient outreach, education and prevention programs through the HCC’s Cancer Prevention, Control and Outreach Program. She’s gained some support through multi-site South Carolina Legacy Grants to increase breast and cervical cancer screenings among at-risk black populations around South Carolina and evaluating the outcomes. “Our goal is to reach women who’ve never been screened for mammograms and other cancer tests. These evidence-based interventions are demonstrating how we can make an impact on cancer death rates in statewide communities,” Ford said.
Past Defines Future Ford grew up as the only daughter of hard-working, middle-class parents in Plattsburgh, New York located on Lake Champlain. She excelled in school and was the only one of her siblings to choose a career in academia and health sciences research. Although she never knew her grandparents, she remembers being affected by their absence. According to Ford, both sets of grandparents died when her parents were still very young. Ford seemed more interested whenever she observed how friends interacted with their own grandparents and elderly relatives. “I was curious and wanted to learn more about my own grandparents and what caused their deaths. That interest led me to studying health disparities and what were the causes and contributions for premature death in people,” she said. Both sets of grandparents died from health-related complications. Craving change, Ford attended Cornell University. Her biggest influence was social work/sociology educator and mentor Josephine Allen, Ph.D., a Fulbright scholar and professor who gained distinction as Cornell’s first black woman to gain tenure.Allen inspired Ford and other minority students to think
Dr. Marvella Ford explains her research. critically while focusing on some of the day’s top social welfare policies and public health issues. Allen’s guidance led her to further studies in health and cancer population research. Following in the steps of her mentor, Ford attended the University of Michigan and completed a dual doctoral degree program, earning master’s degrees in social work and social psychology in 1987 and 1989, respectively, and a combined doctoral degree in 1992. She continued as a postdoctoral fellow working on studies affiliated with the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and National Institute on Aging. Later, Ford led an NIH-funded prostate, lung, colorectal and ovarian cancer screening trial and collaborated with national experts, including Barbara Tilley, Ph.D., former Biostatistics and Epidemiology chair, in several companion studies and grants supported by the National Cancer Institute (NCI) and the Department of Defense (DoD) to explore recruitment strategies and improve participation of African-American males in related trials.
A Role Model In 2002, Ford moved to Houston to work in the Baylor College of Medicine and the Michael E. DeBakey VA Medical Center, where she conducted an NIH/NCI-funded R01 study examining ways to improve the informed consent process. Later, she had a chance to mentor other minority developing faculty in disparities research working with the state’s Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCU) specifically at Texas Southern University’s College of Pharmacy. “Every time we conduct a research study, it naturally leads to asking more questions and seeking answers, which is the exciting part,” she said. Ford’s success in Texas helped her build a foundation for mentorship and development of MUSC junior faculty and cancer research-minded undergraduate students who were interested in population-based health disparity research at other HBCUs—South Carolina State
University, Claflin University, Vorhees College and other statewide institutions. Just recently, Ford accompanied six program students whose research abstracts were selected for presentation at the DoD Prostate Cancer Research Program’s Innovative Minds in Prostate Cancer Today conference in Orlando, March 9-12. Ford and several project colleagues also presented abstracts describing the training program. Sabra Slaughter, Ph.D., chief of staff, MUSC President’s Office, is a co-principal investigator (along with Ford) on the three-year Southeastern Virtual Institute for Health Equity and Wellness (SE VIEW) project. SE VIEW focuses on reducing health disparities through research and outreach in the areas of health education, screening and follow-up for communities around the I-95 corridor of South Carolina. “Marvella is a smart, attentive and gracious person and an exceptional colleague and recognized standardbearer for excellence as it relates to community-based research,” he said. Ford continues to make her own mark at MUSC and the lives of many South Carolinians and minorities across the country. “Throughout my life, I’ve always wanted to help people. I feel I’m able to do this by organizing quality, designed research studies that may ultimately make a difference in the health and wellness of others.”
Women’s History Month “Our History is Our Strength” A panel discussion will be held from noon to 1 p.m. March 31, Room 100, Basic Science Building
q Romina McCandless has worked with the Latino community in Charleston as a medical assistant, an emergency medical technician and as a medical interpreter. She began working with the MUSC College of Nursing’s Hispanic Health Initiative in 2009 as a graduate intern. q Dale Rosengarten is curator of the Jewish Heritage Collection at the College of Charleston where she also teaches in the Jewish Studies Program. q Teresa Gore is a member of the Santee American Indian Tribe of the areas surrounding Holly Hill. She is the founder and director of an organization whose mission is to honor the historical and contemporary contributions of American Indians in S.C. q Joyce Coakley is a Charleston native, skilled sweetgrass basket maker, historian, and fluent speaker of the Gullah language. She is president co-founder of the Sweetgrass Cultural Arts Preservation and owner-designer of Sweetgrass Baskets by Design.
the catalySt, March 25, 2011 11
king Continued from Page One King said her mother taught her and her sister to be strong and independent. They could move from continent to continent, and within a week she’d have them all resettled. Her mother, a fabulous hostess, speaks five languages. “She’s one of the most brilliant people I’ve ever met and she’s always happy, which is strange given all that she went through as a child. She’s elegant—just very elegant.” King returned to the States with her family at age 13, eventually settling in Atlanta, Ga., where her father retired to do management consulting. “He had this great idea about servant leadership long before anyone else was talking about it. I got to go to a lot of the lectures. It’s funny how life comes full circle because 40 years later my doctorate was in leadership. So much of what was taught was stuff that would echo from Daddy years and years ago.”
Up in the Air King, who would go on to get her doctorate in healthcare administration and policy from MUSC in 2007, thought medicine might be her chosen field when she first started her college studies. She attended one of her pre-medicine classes where they watched a baby being born on film. She laughs. “I walked out of the classroom and passed out and decided I’d better change my major.” Graduating from the University of Georgia with degrees in clothing and textiles and interior design, her path took another turn. On a whim, she and a friend saw an advertisement about TWA hiring hostesses. It was back when such jobs were glamorous and the competition tough, with only one in 5,000 women interviewed being hired. “Just on a lark, we decided to go try for it. That’s back when they had weight requirements, and you had to wear fake eyelashes. You had to wear a girdle so you wouldn’t shake when you walked down the aisle. If you had chipped nail polish or a run in your hose, you could be fired on the spot. It was a whole different world back then.” King’s mother was appalled. In her first act of rebellion, King decided to try it for six months anyway. “When I first started flying for the airlines, my mother cried copiously. ‘I can’t believe Swiss finishing schools and colleges so you can be a cocktail waitress in the sky.’” King rose in management, and eventually ended up working for Eastern Airlines where she became involved with public relations and the marketing of new destinations. “When Eastern went out of business, my mother was crying again. It’s the second time she’s cried, ‘How can you do this to us?’ They got so used to the passes. I could never please her,” she said, laughing. In the early ‘80s, King worked as a news producer for the BBC and Professional Video Services in Washington, D.C. and learned about journalism and
broadcast. At about the same time she met who was to become one of the most influential role models in her life, activist Gloria Steinem, who taught her the fine art of handling media. She perfected skills she would come to need as she became one of the founders of Mothers Alliance for the Rights of Children (MARC), an advocacy organization that fights for legislation to protect abused children. King was drawn to the cause by the case of a friend. The more she learned about the extent of the problem and ignorance in the nation, the madder she got. “We go and fight wars for democracy because we’re so great, but yet we allow children to be sexually abused or starved, and we send them right back to abusive situations. It made me sick. It just made me sick.” King, a self-described zealot in this area, poured her energy into advocacy work, pushing for legislative advances to provide for more protection, appearing on such television shows as “60 Minutes” and “Larry King Live” to raise awareness, and Dr. Sarah King with working with Lynda Carter Molly. of Wonder Woman fame as the cause’s spokesperson. Still active in supporting MARC, King has received high praise for her work. Steinem, who publicly named King as one of her three heroes, once praised her friend’s advocacy efforts saying that no one has done more to save the lives and hearts of others. MUSC President Ray Greenberg, M.D., Ph.D., said one feature he admires about King is how she approaches all aspects of her life—at work, at home, and in the community—with great passion and commitment. “Her active pursuit of community service gives her exposure to issues and concerns beyond the walls of the campus and helps to inform us about how we can more effectively communicate about the medical university. She networks well with the local media and is seen by them as an honest broker of information.”
Queen of Style King’s wardrobe reflects her belief in wearing classics. Selected by Glamour Magazine in college as one of four best dressed coeds in America, King has moved through the decades without losing her sense of style. “What I appreciate most is individual style— whether it’s home or clothing. I like people who know themselves well enough to work and live doing what they are comfortable with. If no one likes it, I don’t care —as long as I am feeling OK with it.” Keeping a gratitude journal, King said she feels blessed to have had so many opportunities in life. Having done everything from dancing with former President Ronald Reagan at the White House to flying
Cessna planes, she’s content with the places she’s been and the things she’s been able to do. Her proudest accomplishment is her three children. Her soft spot is animals. She owns two parrots and four dogs. She smiles. “My kids think my hobby is rescuing dogs.” Of all the jobs she’s done, one of her favorite roles remains being the owner and manager of Interiors by Design in Summerville, a job she held in the mid ’80s. One of her most fulfilling, though, has been her current one as public relations director. King said she never had thought about working at MUSC, but when she became the first woman candidate for Congress in the history of the state in 1994, it brought her to the attention of former MUSC President James B. Edwards, DMD. “When it was over, [Mark] Sandford won, but Dr. Edwards called me and said, ‘I’d like to talk to you about working in P.R. I didn’t vote for you, but I liked the way you ran your campaign.’” Involved in her advocacy work, King wasn’t looking for a full-time job. What changed her mind was the challenge Edwards set before her. “I liked him very much and he said, ‘We’re seen as a bunch of brick buildings, and I’d like for people to have a friendly feeling toward MUSC, and your campaign felt friendly.” When she first started here, she told Edwards what really would help was for everyone to have flight attendant training. She laughs. “Of course, he thought I was insane,” she said, adding that she got her point across that MUSC needed to set the bar higher for the quality of service expected. “How you treat people is the most important part of life—people and animals. It says everything about who you are. It’s not what you’re wearing or what you look like or what your title is. How you open up in your heart and care about someone else is how you are judged.” King said she loves her job. She especially enjoyed her role in facilitating MUSC’s outreach efforts in helping Poland launch a breast cancer awareness program. Globally and locally, MUSC does so much, she said. “It’s been better than I expected and easier. MUSC has so many great stories. The hard part is getting them all out. What I love most about our department is that we affect hundreds of thousands of people by getting out the news of how their quantity and quality of life can be improved. That’s a gift to be able to do that.” King said she feels fortunate to have had great mentors in her life. She once tried to thank her friend Steinem for all that she had taught her, but she stopped her. “‘If you want to thank me, just pass it on.’ I have found that to be true because there are always opportunities to pass it on, and it can be so rewarding in how it can come back. Everything you say—everything you do—has a ripple effect on the world.”
12 the catalySt, March 25, 2011
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lung Continued from Page Eight
that it expands educational opportunities for MUSC residents and fellows and provides an opportunity for continued research into advanced lung diseases, organ recovery and transplant outcomes. Whelan and Yarbrough were pleased by Evans’ progress. She was breathing on her own without oxygen 24 hours after coming out of the operating room, and discharged after nine days. The average length of stay nationally for a lung transplant is 22 days. Evans needed lung transplantation because she had end-stage lung disease as a result of lung fibrosis. She was impaired to a large degree with respect to performing basic activities and was dependent on supplemental oxygen, said Yarbrough. “Quite frankly, she remained short of breath most of the time and was miserable as a result. Without lung transplantation she would not likely have survived more than another year or so. She really didn’t have any other options, and it was fortunate that she was otherwise in good condition so that she could become a transplant candidate,” he said. “Her success is a testament to her fortitude as well as to the excellent care she has received from numerous individuals at MUSC.” Both doctors are glad that patients
now can receive care closer to home and face shorter wait times related to the allocation of organs for transplant. Phillips said the program has benefitted from the hard work of a great team with amazing leadership. “We never have to send lungs away. Local lungs can stay locally. I’m so excited. This is a great resource to have.” Evans, 60, was dual listed for her transplant at MUSC and Emory University School of Medicine, but said she was glad to end up in state. “I felt I would gain a lot of personal attention and I have,” she said, adding that she had done her research on her team and felt she was in safe hands. “I had been embraced by the medical community in a way I haven’t before in other places I’ve been.” Owner of Split Creek Farm that is known for its award-winning goat cheeses, Evans knows all her 350 goats by name. She’s eager to return home when she finishes her pulmonary rehabilitation. She said she knows her life will be more constrained, but it won’t be like it was. Before she couldn’t even fly to the international competitions she was asked to judge because of all the oxygen equipment she was required to keep with her. Even walking across a room tired her, and she had to take her
Dr. William Yarbrough checks Evin Evans’ vitals after her transplant. oxygen with her to shower. Evans said she has spent one-third of her life in denial about her illness, onethird crying and one-third angry and
depressed. Now that she has a second chance, she smiles. The next portion she wants to spend in gratitude.
The Miracle of a Double Lung Transplant Editor’s Note: The following is a description of the steps involved with a double lung transplant at MUSC. Donor lungs become available and candidates at the top of the waiting list are considered for transplantation. The appropriate recipient is called to come to MUSC and is prepared for surgery. Simultaneously, a lung-recovery surgical team is dispatched to the donor hospital where the donor lungs are assessed and inspected. If the lungs look good, then the transplant surgeon and anesthesiology staff at MUSC are notified so that final preparations can be made. The recipient is placed under general anesthesia and monitoring lines are
carefully inserted. An incision is made down the middle of the chest so that the breastbone can be divided (i.e. sternotomy). This incision is the same incision that is used for “open-heart surgery” and is the preference of the MUSC lung transplant team. The incision down the front of the chest (“open-heart incision”) requires the recipient to be placed on the heart-lung machine for cardiopulmonary bypass during the transplant. At MUSC, the heart-lung machine is used for carrying out double lung transplants and this allows both diseased lungs to be removed from the chest cavity of the recipient in a stable fashion. Removal of the diseased lungs
includes division of the airways as well as the arteries and veins carrying blood towards and away from the heart, respectively. Upon arrival to MUSC, the new lungs are quickly, and safely, sewn into the chest of the recipient. The airway of one lung is connected first. Then the veins carrying oxygenated blood away from the lung are sewn to the left atrium of the heart. Finally, the pulmonary arteries carrying deoxygenated blood towards the lung are connected. The same process is repeated on the other side with the goal being to have both lungs sewn into place in less than six hours from the time of their procurement at the donor hospital.
The new lungs are gently ventilated and the recipient is separated from the heart lung machine. Drainage tubes are inserted around the lungs to evacuate fluid and the chest is closed. Patients are transported to the intensive care unit where they are closely monitored and are taken off the ventilator as quickly as possible. Medications are administered that suppress the recipient’s immune system so that they do not reject the lungs. These medications are continued indefinitely. After spending a couple of days in the intensive care unit, patients are promoted to the step-down unit where aggressive rehabilitation begins. Patients typically remain hospitalized anywhere from 10 to 20 days.
14 the catalySt, March 25, 2011
‘Making a difference every day’ February Employees of the Month
Vanessa Stewart, Volunteer Services The nomination read in part: “My wife is a patient in the ICU on the fourth floor of the university hospital. One of the lenses popped out of her glasses, and I took them to Vanessa and asked if there was a place locally I might be able to get them fixed. Rather than providing names of local businesses, she told me to come with her. She took me to the Storm Eye Institute clinic and asked the staff if they had anyone there that might be able to fix the glasses for his wife. She sat and waited with me while someone took the glasses in the back. When they returned with the glasses, they were completely fixed. My wife can see now and that is possible because of your employee. I'm on my way back to Hilton Head, so the thought of leaving her without vision was upsetting.” Nominated by Katy Kuder
Ralph Anavitate, Facilities Management The nomination read in part: “On behalf of the entire Heart & Vascular Center, the Prep & Recovery team would like to nominate our maintenance person, Rafael, for going above and beyond on a daily basis. Recently, we discharged a patient and the wheelchair foot rest was loose. We reported it to Rafael and not only did he fix that chair, but he took it upon himself to fix all six of our other wheelchairs. He never says ‘it's not my job’ and he takes pride in everything that he does for the HVC. He refers to HVC as his home and to the staff members as his family. He treats the patients, his coworkers, and everyone he encounters with respect. He truly makes all of our lives much easier!” Nominated by Melissa Southard
Michael Townsend, Clinical Neurophysiology Services The nomination read in part: “I was having an unusually busy day and had a STAT exam that needed to be completed at ART. I thought I would have time to complete the exam and return to the department before my scheduled outpatient arrived. However, while finishing up at ART, I received a page that my patient had arrived, and it was 30 minutes early! I called the department to let them know where I was and told them it would be helpful if someone could go ahead and figure out which room I could use before I got there. When I arrived to the department I didn't see anyone, so I was looking into the rooms to see if there was one available for me. To my surprise, there was a clean, empty room waiting for me with my Carotid machine plugged in, turned on, and ready to go! Someone had taken the time to go above and beyond what was asked of them, find out which exam the patient was having, get the right machine out of storage, and have it all set up. I was told that Michael Townsend was the outstanding employee that had done this for me.” Nominated by Shannon Harmon
Taking the safety pledge
The STICU staff took the safety pledge to heart and won the Hospital Wide Safety Pledge Contest. The contest was created by the MUSC Trauma Injury Prevention Program and Safe Kids. The goal of the contest was to have as many employees as possible commit to making one safety change in their own behavior outside of work. Examples of pledges are making sure everyone in the family is wearing a bike helmet, not texting while driving, wearing a motorcycle helmet, taking swim lessons or wearing reflective clothing when walking the dog.
Physician of the month Natasha Ruth M.D., Pediatrics—Rheumatology “I am the supervisor of the Referral Call Center (Health Connection/Meduline) and this morning one of our customer service representatives, Angela Aumen, received a call regarding a patient who had driven from Rock Hill to see Dr. Passo. Apparently, the appointment had been bumped by the schedulers, but the family was not informed. Three people went above and beyond their responsibilities to provide service recovery for this family. Allison Spencer is a representative in the Rutledge Tower information desk and called our office to see if we could assist the family. Angela Aumen found out that Dr. Natasha Ruth graciously agreed to see the patient and turned what could have been a terrible inconvenience to this family into a positive experience. By Allison, Angela and Dr. Ruth's working as a team, this family was able to experience MUSC Excellence at work. I am proud to be a part of the MUSC family and wanted to share this experience with you.” Nominated by Susan Lucas
the catalySt, March 25, 2011 15
CLASSIFIED P AGE • Household Personal Items for MUSC employees are free.
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